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Full text of "The McGill Daily Vol. 72 No. 004: September 15, 1982"

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Daly Staff 
meeting Friday 
2:00, everybody 
b welcomo 

Daly Day — this 
Tnundjy, tta 
froo poster In 
centre pages) 





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Vol. 72, No. 4 


- Wedneidiy, September 15. 19B2 

To S.I.R 
with love 

by Moira Ambrose 

Can 1996 McGill students be 
wrong? According to the pre- 
sent executive committee of the 
Students' Society and .their, 
friends in the University Senate, 
they certainly can be. 

In late May the Student In- 
iated referendum proposal, past 
by students in campus • wide 
referendum last semestre by' a 
vote of 1996 for and 41 1 against 
(a full 600 votes more than any 
executive-, commitee member 
received) was refered back to 
Students' Council for rediscus- 
sion by a vote of University 
Senate. The proposal was to 
"allow students at large, the right 
to initiate referenda by peti- 
tion. At present only the 
Students' Council has the right 
to iniate referenda. 

According to minutes of the 
Senate meeting, ex-Dean of 
Students Michael Hershorn said 
thee document couldn't be ap- 
proved because it took away 
Senate's right to veto anything 
students choose to pass. 

Ex-Students' " Society Vice 
President University Affairs Liz 
Ulin acknowledged this 
discrepancy in Senate and urged 
that the veto power be inserted 
in the amendment and ratified 
at the same meeting. 

"We didn't mean to take 
away Senate's right to veto and 
we didn't want to infringe on 
their power. We just wanted to 
pass SIR as soon as possible," 
says Ulin. 

Herschorn said that Senate 
could not ratify anything that 
had not been approved directly 
by students. Last-minute 
changes in a student-approved 
proposal, such as the insertion 
of the Senate veto clause, were 
unacceptable without further 
campus ratification. 

Ulin agrees in principle that 
Senate should not be allowed to 
change measures backed by stu- 
dent vote, but suspects other 
motives in Senate's refusal to 
pass the SIR amendment. 

"When Senate was passing 
the Daily autonomy legislation, 
changes, were made without 
having to go back to students to 
OK them ," she says. 

"I just think it sets a bad 
precedent of Senate being able 
to throw anything back to 
Council that it doesn't' like," 
she adds. 

please turn to page 3 

It's been a long summer, and we 
timc.Ànd now, it has arrived — 
pages (see inside). 

've been promising it for a long 
The Other Handbook, all 82 

Small faculties 

Cutbacks continue 

by Bill TeUey 

With McGill trying to balance 
its budget in the face of decreas- 
ing government funding, several 
of the smaller faculties and 
departments are being hit hard. 

The French Canadian Studies 
Centre will be suffering this 
year from a lack of established 

• professors as well as shortages 
of, non-academic staff accor- 
ding to Yvan Lamonde, 
Chairperson of the department. 
The Centre could not afford to 
keep on Professor Roy, one of 

* its reputable staff members, 
who is currently the publisher of 
Le Devoir newspaper. Roy left 
the Centre and has been replac- 
ed by a sessional lecturer. 

"We need more money to get 
him (Roy) back . next 
year. "Lamonde said. 

Professor Daniel Latouche 
has publicly voiced the fact that 
he is looking for another job 
due to his dissatisfaction with 
his salary and Centre budgeting. 
Latouche and the Centre's 
chairperson are the only two 
professors in a department 
which last year enrolled 430 
students in its courses. 

In the Faculty of Religious 
Studies there' are severe shor- 
tages of non-academic staff. 
Administrative Secretary 
Joanne Brais said that her facul- 
ty will probably be losing 


secretarial help when in fact 
more is needed. 

. "Our part time typist may be 
lost, when actually, we could 
use a third full time person," 
she said. "Professers will even- 
tually have to be doing their 
own typing." 

She said that the Religious 
Studies Faculty has "lost some 
professers because of attrition" 
but that the faculties' workload 
please turn to page 11 

Inform or else 

by Richard Flint 

Terence Robson was arrested by the British police 
in Northern Ireland this year. He was accused, but 
not charged, with "conspiracy to commit robberies, 
that I was a member of a proscribed organisation and 
that I had been involved in the organisation of serious 
crimes in the Deny area." 

Robson denied the charges and demanded to see a solicitor. 
He was told that a lawyerwouldn't help him and that there were 
two 'crown witnesses' ready and«willing to testify against him. 

On the second day in the police station, still uncharged and 
still denied access to a lawyer, Robson was told that the men 
Who were willing to testify against him "had been granted im- 
munity from prosecution as well as substantial sums of money in 
return for their co-operation." v 

Then, on' the third day, Robson was offered a deal: "I was 
asked to turn 'Queen's Evidence" and 'get myself off the hook'. 
The same officer informed me that a sum of £15,000 was 
available and a "new life" in South Africa for me and my fami- 
ly. All of this I ignored despite the same inducements being of- 
fered to me several times over the next 24 hours." 

Because Robson refused to accept a pay-off and turn Queen's 
Evidence, he was charged. He is presenUy awaiting trial in Nor- 
thern Ireland. 

Robson's càse is one of many. In the aftermath of last year's 
hunger strike by Republican and Republican Socialist prisoners, 
the British security forces have engaged in a massive crack-down 
! against the Irish Republican Army and the Irish National 
' Liberation Army. What is disturbing community leaders and 
civil libertarians, however, is the indiscriminate nature of the 
tactics being used by the security forces. In their desperate at- 
tempts to counteract the growth in support for' Republican 
organisations it seems as if the security forces have adopted a 
wide net strategy; hoping that if they pull in as many people as 
possible they will catch the guilty as well as the innocent. 

Informers are recruited by a variety of methods that usually 
combine threats and promised rewards. On one hand the person 
is threatened with criminal charges, whilst being promised 
money, immunity and a "new life" in exchange for co- 

Joseph Heaney was taken to Castlereagh detention centre. 
Under the Prevention of Terrorism Act, security forces can hold 

Please turn to page 5 


Plumbers leak on radio 

by Nancy D. Kingsbury 

Can a water balloon, thrown 
from an uhestimated range by a 
man in a white lab coat, destroy 
a mobile, sound mixer? 

That's the question that 
Radio McGill president Albert 
Perez and Engineering 
Undergraduate Society (EUS) 
president Phil Papich must 

At approximately 4 p.m. 
yesterday .at the Open Air Pub 
on lower campus, such a 
balloon struck the mobile sound 
mixer owned and set up by 
Radio McGill at the event. Of- 
ficial repair costs have not yet 
been made, but Edmund 
Zauner of Radio McGill said 

that the V.U. meter needs 
replacing, the aluminium plate 
in the unit was bent, and an 
unestimated amount of water 
damage was done. 

In reply, EUS Vice-president 
Raymond Brais said, "I don't 
think a .water balloon could 
cause extensive damage (to a 
sound mixer)." He added later, 
however, "but anything is 

It was agreed by EUS 
members present at the Pub site 
after the incident that the water 
balloon was thrown by young 
men donned in white lab coats 
— the trademark of members of 
the Plumber's Pot Orchestra, a 
social club for male engineering 

students at McGill. EUS presi- 
dent Papich said that although 
the Plumber's have "no direct 
link to the EUS, we are willing 
to take financial responsibility 
for the damage." 

Papich specified, however, 
that his group will only assume 
repair and not replacement 
costs for a new mixer. Zauner, 
of Radio McGill, had said 
earlier that the entire mixer 
might have to be replaced. The 
cost of a replacement would be 
approximately $2,000. 

Papich and Brais stressed that 
the hit on the muter was an acci- 
dent and was "not intended in a 
malicious way." Said Papich, 

please turn to page 11 

The Other 

iiiS _ 










Moncton occupiers on trial 

Welcome to our University, If you are from a poor family and plan 
to protest our rising costs then please step to the left. 

OTTAWA (CUP) — Twenty- 
eight students are to stand trial .; 
for their role in one of the most 
dramatic occupations in Cana- 
dian university history. 

The students were arrested by 
75 Université de Moncton 
security guards and city police 
in full riot gear last .April and" 
charged with obstruction for 
their role in the takeover of the 
U de M administration 

The 4 a.m. raid came as 
students were preparing to 
celebrate Easter Sunday mass 
following a week-long occupa- 
tion to protest a rumoured 
20-25 per cent increase in tuition 

Pornography goes at SFU 

Vancouver (CUP) — It's one 
down and two to go for women 
fighting pornography at Simon 
Fraser University. 

When campus groups bgan 
campaigning this' summer 
against the presence of por- 
nography at three campus loca- 
tions, the Canadian National 
Institute for the Blind im- 
mediately pulled seven different 
magazines from its campus con- 

But the university bookstore 
continues to stock porn 
magazines and the campus 
library has so far refused to 
cancel subscriptions.' 

The campaign was spearhead- 
ed by Laurie White, who in- 
troduced a motion in July that 
the student society demand the 
removal of pornography from 
university outlets. The SFU 
women's centre and the Cana- 

dian Union of Public 
Employees have joined the bat- 

A spokesperson for the CNIB 
outlet said, "If the university 
doesn't, want us to sell them, 
then we won't sell them." 

But university bookstore 
manager Benny Quan and 
librarian Ted Dobbs argue that 
removing the magazines would 
be censorship. 

"Librarians have traditional- 
ly taken a very firm stand 
against censorship, "Dobbs 
'said. "I don't think removing 
those magazines is going to 
change, attitudes. There's a lot 
of attitudes towards women 
that have to change, but I can't 
shove my moral inmperative 
down other people's throats." 

White said the fight will con- 
tinue as students begin the fall 

"I'm not in favour of censor- 
ship but taking those.magazines 
off campus is not censorship 
because they are available 
everywhere, "she said. "I don't 
think these magazines con- 
tribute to the ideas that higher 
education is trying to 

The students at Université de 
Moncton, the only unilingual 
French university outside 
Québec, are among the poorest 
in the country. 75 per cent draw 
student aid, compared to about 
one third nationally 

Tuition fees have risen 85 per 
cent in the last five years, 23 per 
cent in the last year alone. The 
Board of Governors was to 
meet in camera April 3 .to 
discuss another increase, and it 
refused to allow a presentation 
opposing tuition fee increases 
from the student government, 
La Fédération des Etudiants de 
l'Université de Moncton 

' Sixty students showed for the 
Board meeting, but it was mov- 
ed at the last minute to a secret 
location. Although the board 
agreed to meet with the rallying 
students after their meeting, on- 
ly . the board and university 
presidents came. 

The next day, 250 students 
decided at a general meeting to 
occupy the administration 
building. For the first two days, 
they also barricaded entrances 
to campus, shutting down the 

Under pressure from the 
police, they relented and' 

lowered the barricades, but 
most of the 1500 students who 
did not join, the occupation 
stayed away from classes, so 
none were held. 

During the week, 250-300 
students slept in the administra- 
tion building at night and 
600-1000 participated in 
meetings and workshops during 
the day. ,? 

Fewer students remained in 
the building overnight for fear 
of arrests, according to Diane 
Flaherty, executive officer of 
the Canadian Federation of 
Students. CFS supported the 
occupation and later narrowly 
elected one of its leaders, Bren- 
da Coté of FEUM as its chair. 

The protest ended suddenly 
with the 28 arrests. • Flaherty 
says she is puzzled by the choice 
of those arrested because 
"many of the most prominent 
leaders weren't arrested." 

After using force to end the 
occupation, the university ad- 
ministration issued orders for- 
bidding assembly of more than 
five persons at the U de M for 
any purpose other than teaching 
classes for the remaining two 
weeks of the term. 

please turn (o pige 11 

Women march without men 

by Mike Ungar 

On Friday, September 17, 
women will be marching in the 
streets and men will be at home 
babysitting the children. The 
"Take Back the Night"march 
organized by Movement Contre 
la Viol (MCV, Women against 
Rape) is trying to make a state- 
ment about violence against 
women. According to Laurence 
Delaitre of the Ad Hoc Com- 
, mittee for the march, the 

is not to de- 






Room B17, Student Union, 3480 McTavlsh 



$2.00 per day, $1.75 a day for 3 days. 
$1.50 a day for more than 3 days. 
$3.00 per day. 
$3.50 per day. 
Boxed Ad: (15 lines x 1 column): $7.00 per day. 

The McGill Dally reserves the right not to print a 
classified ad. . > ' 

Postal Box Number available for personals. 

nounce men. « 

Gabrielle Shatan, a Member 
at Large for the McGill 
Women's Union feels it's 
necessary to exclude men from 
the march. 

"We want to be able to walk 
alone without men as 
escorts," she said. 

She believes violence against 
women "is something which 
should get men and women 
angry", but women 
march without men. 

According to Delaitre there is 
much men can do to help the 

marchers' cause. Most impor- 
tantly men must listen and hear 
what the women are saying. 
They can care for the children 
so that their wives, friends and 
family can participate. 

Delaitre believes that men 
must start identifying their 
potentially oppressive Image. 
She recommended that men 

cross to the opposite side of the 
street when walking behind a 
woman at night. According to 
Delaitre men should realise that 
a rapist does not always appear 
as someone who is obviously 

MCV Organizers do not feel 
that the exclusion of men adds 
to anti-feminist sentiments. 
Delaitre believes that there is a 
great deal of sympathy from 
men for the marchers. However 
should ""sometimes this sympathy is 
"paternalistic". Last year there 
were no major incidents 
although feminists were aware 
of male resentment during the 

Violence in general is 
something that all society 
should fight according to MCV 
organisers. But on Friday, 
women will be protesting the 
forms of violence which are 
most often directed against 


Dr. R. Gr«ich« 0,1). Dr. N. Scaff O.D. 

• Eyes cxnniinod 

• Glnini's fitted 

• Contn«i tanicontor 

(hard, soft, |><trmn hunt wmt lutm) 

Servlnu tUv McOlll Community 
i.^ 1°l W m * Hu Serine W. 

<J U '!J h 'J JMwjMl (fit Ink Kaiun) 

842-5489 861-2659 

"The'-Mèdili fià'lly'- Wednesday. ''sfepfembÏBr '4sT'i982 

">!nd so / mer this guy on the way to registration and he offered to sell me this magic bean in exchange 
for my tuition fees..." 

Students refuse SA bucks 

OTTAWA (CUP)The student 
federation at the University of 
Ottawa has refused more than 
$3,000 in sponsorship funds 
from Craven' A cigarettes 
because of that company's in- 
volvement in South Africa. 

Craven A, a-Rothman's Pall 
Mall product, hoped to sponsor 
Welcoming Week at the univer- 
sity by offering $2000, the use 
of an antique car for campus 

tours, 50 T-shirts, six monthly 
pub nights and $1.100 towards a 

Since there is no pub at the 
university, Craven A would 
have sponsored federation 
social activities for five or sue 

The student federation 
unanimously agreed to drop the 
Craven A sponsorship bcause 
the company is based in apar- 
theid South Africa. Federation 

members also felt a more health 
oriented product should be used 
to promote events. •'. 

But Rothman's products will 
still be available on campus and 
there are no plans for a total 

The federation will now spon- 
sor Welcome Week and Jim 
Bardach, social activities com- 
missioner said there are no 
financial problems with this ar- 

Student Initiated Referenda... 

continued from pige 1 

Ulin says that passage of the 
SIR was partly blocked by ac- 
tions of three members of the 
current Students' Society ex- 

' 4 Bruce Williams, Bruce 
Hicks and Benjie Trister each 
sent letters to faculty and ad- 
ministration senators informing 
them that the veto clause in the 
SIR amendment was not includ-' 
ed in the package approved by 
students," she says. 

The three Executive Commit-, 
tee members did not send letters 
to student senators and sent 
their letters on Students' Society 
letterhead before their terms in 
office had actually begun, she 

A mandate adopted on April 
•29th verifies that Executive 
Committee members had decid- 
ed the SIR amendment in its 
present state should not be pass- 
ed by Senate. 

"Pursuant to reservations 
held by various members of 
CounciKelect, and letters receiv- 
ed from the President of the 
Engineering Undergraduate 
Society and the present VP 
Finance of the Arts and Science 
Undergraduate Society, the Ex- 
ecutive Committee considered 
the proposed amendments to 
the Students' Society constitu- 
tion placed before Senate. It 
was found that there were 

various inconsistancies within 
the package. As well, the CRO 
reported that copies of the 
document were not available at 
polling stations. The Executive 
Committee considered whether 
or not Senate should be asked to 
amend the - SIR amendment 
package. It was resolved that 
Senate be informed of the ma- 
jor principles of the SIR amend- 
ment which were not made clear 
to McGill students when they 
voted on SIR and who asked 
them to consider amending the 
package accordingly," they 

. Students' Society Vice Presi- 
dent External Affairs Benjie 
Trister says Senate was justified 
in refusing to pass the amend- 

"What was presented to 
students excluded Senate' ap- 

proval for constitutional 
changes. It was an accidental 
deletion of an important part of 
the amendment," he said. 

Trister is in charge of a cbm- 
•mittee to "clean up the 
Students' Society's constitution 
to be in accordance with 
Robert's Rules of order. The 
SIR amendment will be inserted 
in the new constitution and 
taken to Council for approval. 
According to Trister, the Ex- 
ecutive Committee plans to 
have the new Students' Society 
constitution ready for a 
campus-wide referendum by 
late October. 

' After the new constitution is 
approved by students, the SIR 
amendment will be re- 
introduced to Senate with the 
clause permitting Senate to 
override student referenda. 

Women Take Back the 
Night Demonstrate This 
Friday at Parc Laurier 
7:30pm for the right to 
walk the streets without 

Urban Notes 

Election News 

The Montréal Citizen's Movement (MCM) chose two can- 
didates to run in downtown districts 40 and 41 at a meeting at 
the downtown YMCA Monday night. 

John Gardiner beat Abe Limonchik to win the right to 
represent the MCM in District 40. Domiinique Neuman was 
acclaimed as the candidate for .District 41. 

District 40 falls within the boundaries formed by St. 
Hubert and University Sts. and Pine Ave. and the port. 
District 41 runs westward from University to Atwater and 
from Pine Ave. to the port. 

More than 150 persons attended the meeting for the 
"downtown sector" and 124 actually voted for thecandiadte 
of their choice. The actual results of the voting were not an- 
nounced at the request of the candidates. 

Gardiner, who was an MCM Councillor from 1974-78 
representing the old St. Louis district, called for an end to 
condominium conversions and for an end to the city's renova- 
tion subsidies program which he claimed was contributing to 
the gentrification of the city. He said that co-operative hous- 
ing should be encouraged in the downtown sector and city 
subsidies should be used for this purpose instead 

"Public transport must take precedence over private 
transportation in this city," said Gardiner, "Traffic on 
residential streets must be controlled, for example, Park Ave 
should again become a two-way street." 

Gardiner also spoke of the high rate of unemployment and 
the need for a development plan for the area, but did not give 
any specific details. 

Scientific park 

Losing candidate Abe Limonchik echoed many of Gar- 
diner's traditional MCM rallying cries and added a few ideas 
of his own. He emphasized the cultural life of the downtown 
area and the important role it plays in bringing tourists to 
Montréal and called for the creation of a "scientific park" in 
the heart of the city. 

• "The city should co-operate with the four universities in 
the area to create a scientific park in the core of the city," said 

Such parks already exist in Winnipeg for example and in 
other Canadian cities," added Limonchik. A scientific park is 
like an industrial park with the idea being to attract com- 
panies involved in research and development and high 
technology to a specific area. 

Limonchik also expressed concern for the tourism industry 
which is very important to the downtown economy. "Mon- 
tréal is losing out compared with other citws," said Limon- 

He declared himself strongly in favour of the creation of a 
"cité cultural" which would fall within the boundaries form- 
ed by Bleury, St. Hubert, St. Catherine, and Sherbrooke St. 
His proposal included moving THe Montréal Museum of 
Fine Arts from its present location to the old 9cole de 
Technologie located just east of Jeanne Mance on Sherbrooke 

Limonchik also called for "affordable housing for students 
and low-income residents," and added that "the present 
residents of the area should not be chased out into the 
suburbs as happened in New York and other cities." 

Limonchik came out punching towards the end of his 
speech, accusing Gardiner of having abandoned the MCM 
after the last municipal elections in 1978. 

"Vote for the candidate who has never abandoned ship and 
never will," said Limonchik. Unfortunately for him he was 
abandoned by the MCM members. 

Attacking MAG 

Dominique Neuman, an MCM organizer and City Hall 
assistant to lone MCM councillor Michael Fainstat, will be 
running against the sole Municipal Action Group councillor 
Nick Auf der Maur in District 41. 

Neuman, after being acclaimed as MCM candidate for the 
district launched into a broadside against Auf der Maur. 

Calling Auf der Maur a councillor who was "silent, absent, 
and poorly prepared" Neuman claimed that Auf der Maur 
had "consistently voted with the civic administration" and 
said that he would make Auf der Maur's record public and 
challenge the councillor to defend it in public. 

"Auf der Maur was absent for 80 per cent of the Council 
meetings on the city budget and has made himself quite a 
reputation for arriving late and leaving early from council 
mmetings," said Neuman. 

Neuman told the Daily that he would back up his charges 
with the official records of voting and attendance at city hall. 

The MCM will be nominating candidates in other districts 
in the days to come _ a pierre Goad 

U thé >feGi)rtfally -^èdhesday,' SéptémbeV Vé' Îâë2 

Founded bi 191] 



•VU' 'Ml" 

. Lebanese ex-President Cemayel 

Protect the few 

The dam has finally broken. 

The recent decison by Justice Jules Deschênes to strike down a minor section of 
Bill 101 marks the beginning of both an enlightened and risky era in contcmpory 
Canadian history. 

It is the first major judicial decision to invoke the new Charter of Rights in an 
area which has traditionally been the exclusive domain of parliamentary bodies. 

This decision as it relates to the rights of individuals in this society is of far 
greater importance than the actual specifics of Jhe law controlling access to 
education for minority language groups in Québec and the pertinent laws of other 

The tyranny of the majority 

In the past, laws have been struck down because they were outside the domain 
— ultra vires — of either the provincial or federal legislature, NOT because they 
were inherently "illegal' ' . The Charter of Rights has added a third and higher tier 
to the sugary cake of who can decide to do what to whom in this country. 

. The Deschônes decision is crucial in that it firmly recognizes individual rights as 
being, at the very least, of greater relevance than the amorophous concept of col- 
lective rights. If Canadian society, and this includes Québec, is to continue to 
develop as an open and democratic society the idea that the rights of individuals 
cannot be sacrificed to any politician's or intellectual's vision of what is right for 
everybody's own good must be reinforced at every opportunity. 
I' The dangers are clear 

The not dulcet tones of Camille Laurin's threats — there is no other word to 
describe his outbursts of recent days — represent the dangerous side of what 
could be a new and enlightened era. Laurin has warned the population at large 
that further "attacks" on Bill 101 could provoke civil unrest. If the threat of riots 
in the streets is supposed to cow those who would stand and fight for their in- 
dividual rights, then Laurin, and the party he represents, is truly lacking any 
sense of moral responsibility. There is little difference between this attitude and 
that oÇ a leader of a racist regime. Laurin's threat is no more subtle nor less 
repulsive than a South African Prime Minister warning blacks that they had bet- 
ter stop attacking apartheid or there could be bloodshed. 

Various and sundry politicians, commentators, and editorialists have been 
either gloating or sounding off since the decision was announced. A few have ap- 
pealed for moderation. This in itself is good. Over-reaction by anybody in the 
tender area.of language in this country rarely serves" any useful purpose.' But to 
claim that Justice Deschênes was overly harsh in calling the Québec government's 
argument that rights are granted to the collectivity and not the individual (and 
thus if the collectivity is being served the rights are being preserved) totalitarian 
only excuses a completely unacceptable attitude. 

Canada, and Québec is no exception, has not had an exceptionally good record 
vis-a-vis the rights of its own citizens, The internment of Japanese-Canadians 
during WWII, Premier Duplessis's persection of Jehovah's Witnesses here in 
Québec during our celebrated "dark ages", these and other tragic episodes have 
marred Canada's past. 

The Charter of Rights is the first concrete step that the country has made 
towards establishing some relatively inviolable rules of conduct for our 
legislatures. - 

We should persevere. Only when the rights of the few are protected are the 
rights of the many protected. 

„ G. Pierre Goad 

Run for their lives 

Being in school sure is hard, ain't it? 

Every day we attend long lectures, and every night we retire to our required tex- 
tbook readings. There are assignments to do for tomorrow, term-papers due next 
week and final exams in a couple of months. 

Boy, have we got problems! 

Unfortunately, there are thousands of people across this country who would 
love to have only the "problems" that we have. 

Because, to these Canadians, making it 'til tomorrow is a challenge, getting to 
next week a hope and living untiLnext month is nothing more than a prayer. 

You see, these Canadians have cancer. And, although science has come a long 
way in easing the pain and prolonging the lives of cancer victims, the ultimate 
cure still eludes the researchers' grasp. 

This Sunday, September 19, thousands of concerned Canadians will be par- 
ticipating in the Terry Fox Run for the Marathon of Hope. They will walk, run, 
jog and cycle 10 kilometres in an effort to raise money for cancer research. And, 
at the same time, they will be fighting to keep the legend and dream of Terry Fox 
— the dream of finally stopping the pain and.suffering — alive. 

Fotunately, most of us at McGill are healthy. We are among the best and 
brightest in Canada. Undoubtedly, we will learn to be good political leaders, doc- 
tors, lawyers and businesspeople. But that is not enough. Along with our studies, 
we must use our time in college and university to develop a sense of social respon- 
sibility, concern and caring. 

This Sunday we have a chance to push aside our personal problems for a little 
while and get involved in something meaningful. 

So, on September 19, let us run so others can Iivel 

E. Ron Bernstein 

. . .MKTS THE rt*TT5R? Xoo r\U_ 

House Notes 

What you can do for us 

Since this is the beginning of a new 
year, when many of our readers are new, 
it seems appropriate to explain our 
policy on letters and Hyde Park col- 

We are committed to publishing all 
corespondence that we receive from 
students with certain provisos. We re- 
quire that letters be kept to approx- 
imately 300 words in length and that 
they be typed legibly so that we can read 
them to typeset them. We -cannot 
publish material which is libelous or 
slanderous, and we have a policy of 
refusing to publish 'hate literature' - 
anything which is racist or sexist in con- 
tent. There is a box right by the door in 
the Daily offices (Room B03, University 
Centre) for letters submissions. 

We also have a regular feature called 
Hyde Park which is printed in this col- 
umn, underneath the editorial cartoon. 
Hyde Park is a column for editorial 
comment by. people who are not staff 
members of the newspaper; you can use 
Hyde Park to comment on any issue you 
feel demands it, even to denounce the 
newspaper if you wish. We have the 
same policy with Hyde Parks as we do 
with letters. The length limit, however, 
is longer, at 600 words. 

Participation of our readers in the 
paper is an essential ingredient of the 
Daily. Your feedback, opinions and 
ideas all have a guaranteed place in the 
newspaper and it's up to you to use that 

Richard Flint 

AU contenu copyrl.hl © 19»: by the Dally PubUcitloni <!o^,« tv 

necessarily reflect the views erf McGill Unlvcrsitvn, iK M^TÎT-' "/'"j 0 ™ eapressed In the pues of thii newspaper do not 
newspaper ere not necessarily endorsed by STn^W^iMF*' ^ uda,U Pfodua » * «ntpante advertised in thl» 

Dumonl. 9130 Boivln, Ltulle, Quebec. iDt no ' 5JI7 - ^ McCiu D*"* '» P™" 01 " l'imprimerie 

Edltor-uwalef Richard lllat 
New. editor. Molr» Ambre» 
G. Pierre Goal 
Soty Goldenbert 
Albert Nereaberi ' 
Toay Muter 
Kriittl tu Inrrrld 
Svib Weil, 
Blaaci Teeakr-Uvltjie , 
Ed Auoolan 
Cbris Cavaaafh 
Rldiard Cold 
Joy Genet! 
John Dltb-Bldwtll 
Colio TomJInl 

(CUP Medii Service!). 

Prodnctloi Maiafrr 
Anbait Predoctkw Miieim 

1-rdltloQ fnncilM/Rrdirtrlce-ei.rtei 
Pholo editor 
Entertainment, rettere aid irtt 
Science editor 

Alien Tilbcrl-Kily 

nil I I vinoi, 
University P, m (CUP) end fa Pre* Etudiante du Quebec (PEQ) and Cimpui Plus 

m m m 

said I could take a deal..." 

continued from pige 1 

a 'suspect' for up to 72 hours without 
access to legal counsel or family and 
without criminal charges being made. 
He was accused of various criminal 
(non-political) charges: ''They then of- 
fered me the sum of £80,000 and boat 
tickets for my wife and four chilren to 
South Africa or a place of my choosing. 
They . offered me immunity - from 
persecution and said that they had 
authority from the highest level. I refus- 
ed to have anything to do with this. They 
persisted throughout the seven days and 
in the end came in screaming and 
shouting that they didn't give a fuck, 
what I did they would put me away and I 
would never get out." 

Information received by threats and 
coercion must be highly questionable. In 
the case of Charlie O'Hagan, it would 
seem, a man was requested to make 
allegations against people he didn't even 

"They said I could take a deal, and 
offered me £50,000 and a new house in 
South Africa or England, they said I 
could take my wife and children with 
me. All I would have to do would be to 
sign a statement naming people who 
they said had committed certain crimes. 
I did not know any of these people.". 

Threats made against many of these 
men go further than simply the sanction 
of personal imprisonment. In many 
cases the police lift the entire family of a 
man (claiming that this prevents the IRA 
from taking hostage of an informer's 
relatives). Bernard Dorrian claims that 
threats were made by the police 

his wife, who was also in custody: 

"They said if I didn't turn informer 
both my wife and I would go to prison 
for a long time. I thought they were 
bluffing because I knew that my wife 
and I had nothing whatsoever to do with 
any of these allegations. But they in- 
sisted I was in a position to do my wife a 
lot of good by giving them information 
about Flynn (Belfast city councillor and 
member of Irish Republican Socialist 
Party) and Goodman... 

"..I became increasingly worried 
about my wife who is in poor health, I 
was in a very confused .and worried state 
and believed she would be very distress- 
ed also. The police made numerous 
references to my wife and told me if I 
had any feelings at all for her I.would do 
the decent thing and tell them all I knew 
about Goodman and Flynn. I would 
have done anything to save my wife the 
emotional stress I knew she would be ex- 
periencing but I would not tell them 
anything because I didn't know 

These testimonies are all from men 
who have refused to give evidence. All 
of them now face charges and have been 
refused bail by the courts because of the 
"serious nature of their crimes" — 
despite the fact that the only evidence 
held against them is the word of in- 
formers who have been offered immuni- 
ty and money for their statements. 

Many of these men will be released 
when they appear in court. Informers 
have an embarrasing tendency to recant 
in the witness box. Many of the charges 
made are easily refutable in court. 

However, the legal process in Nor- 
thern Ireland is in such a shambles that it 

may take anywhere from a year to eigh- 
teen months for a case to come to court. 
In the intervening time period the accus- 
ed, if denied bail, is kept on remand — 
in prison. 

Many people claim that the long 
delays between charges and trial are a 
deliberate tactic by the government to 
reintroduce internment without trial. In-' 
ternment without trial for suspected 
political activities existed in Northern 
Ireland from 1972 until 1976. 

Being able to hold a suspect in gaol 
for eigtheen months without trial creates 
ns mai a de facto form of internment. Charlie 
against O'Hagan claims that the police were 

quite aware of this: 

"They also said that when I beat the 
charges in courtthey would be waiting 
on me to re-arrest me but they also said 
that I wouldn't beat them for a year to 
18 months as I would be on remand for 
this period. They also said that Good- 
man (an informer) would have earned 
his money fof putting us all away even if 
it was only on remand." 

Despite this, however, many people 
have been charged and convicted on the 
basis of an informer's testimony alone. 
Conviction on the basis of the evidence - 
of informers alone runs directly counter 
to. English common, law precedent, 
which is supposed to be the legal code in 
effect in the six counties of Northern 

Writing in 1650 C.J. Hale'noted that 
"The truth is that- more mischief has 
come to good men... by false accusations 
of desperate villains that benefit to the 
public by the discovery and convicting 
of real offenders." 

Such has largely been the opinion of 
English courts to the evidence of in- 
formers. An informer may well be shif- 
ting blame in order to save himself, or 
accusing people the police want con- 
victed simply for the financial reward. 
In many cases ordinary criminals (peo- 
ple accused of non-political offences) 
are asked to testify against people accus- 
ed of political offenses. Their testimony 
can only be tainted. 

It has also been established that sums 
in reward of information provided to the 
police should not be excessive. The 
British Home Office, in a recent cir- 
cular, stated that these rewards should 
not be "substantial" and recommended 

that they be in the region of £100 to 
avoid the danger of people inventing 
evidence for a massive pay-off. An offer 
of £80,000 certainly introduces the 
possibility of invention. 

Under English law the offer of im- 
munity from prosecution in exchange 
for information is highly illegal unless 
directly and personally authorised by the 
Attorney General. Several English court 
cases have clearly stated that the police 
cannot make such offers. Plea bargain- 
ing, the American practice of 
negotiating sentence in exchange for co- 
operation from a défendent, is also il- 
legal, though known to occur informally 
in some cases. 

It has been firmly established that the 
evidence of informers must be cor- 
roborated by other witnesses and is in- 
sufficient on its own to ensure convic- 
tion in English courts. The most recent 
affirmation of this principle took place 
in the Operation Countryman trials in 

Operation Countryman was a police 
corruption investigation which led to a 
large number of policemen being charg- 
ed with various offences. However, 
special police informers were used to 
gather evidence, many of whom were 
criminals that the accused policemen 
allegedly dealt with. In all cases where 
such informers were the only witnesses 
against the policemen, the cases were 
thrown out of court on the basis that 
such evidence could not be considered 
conclusive or reliable. 

And yet it is exactly this type of 
evidence that is being used to hold peo- 
ple like Robson, O'Hagan, Dorrian and 
others. Whether or not they will be con- 
victed, most of them will spend at least a 
year as prisoners. Even if they are releas- 
ed when they come to trial, they will 
receive no compensation for the lost 
year of their lives. 
. Anger and frustration amongst the 
Nationalist-Catholic community of Nor- 
thern Ireland is growing in reaction to 
these kind of police tactics. Many people 
are held under the Prevention of Ter- 
rorism act and never charged with any 
offense; many people are subjected to 
house searchs and random checks on the 

In the light of the long history of in- 
stitutional discrimination against 

Catholics in the six counties, and the 
present economic circumstances where 
close to 70 per cent of Catholic males are 
unemployed and most women working 
in low paid jobs with short hours, there 
is a strong feeling that police activities 
are directed against the entire communi- 
ty, not the Republican and Republican 
Socialist activists. 

Dermot Walsh, member of Belfast's 
Queen's University Law faculty has con- 
ducted surveys of the use of emergency 
police and security powers in the six. 
counties. Of those people picked up 
under the Prevention of Terrorism Act 
and taken to Castlereagh Detention Cen- 
tre only 28 per cent were even questioned 
about an alleged criminal offense. Most 
were asked about their political opinions 
and the general habits and movements 
of their neighbours, friends and 

- Huge information banks are built up 
by the police that largely consist of mun- 
dane, personal information. Such infor- 
mation, when taken together, is used as 
a tool in interrogation. One men was 
told the intimate details of his sex life by 
the police in an effort to break him — 
hoping to give him the impression that 
the police knew everything there was to 
know about him. 

Opposition to the spread of police 
powers and the new emphasis on in- 
formers is growing in the Nationalist 
communities. Community leaders are 
denouncing the disturbing increase in ar- 
bitrary security measures. A new 
organisation, Relatives for Justice, com- 
posed of the relatives of men and women 
held in remand under the charges of in- 
formers has launched an appeal for in- 
ternational condemnation of the security 

Des Wilson, a community worker in 
Ballymurphy, has articulated a 
widespread disgust at the new use of in- 
formers, comparing the outcry in 
Ireland to that attending the imprison- 
ment of Cardinal Mindszenty in the 
1950s by the Hungarian Stalinist govern- 

"I have watched with horror over the 
past five years as I have seen all of those 
techniques which we were taught to fear 
when carried out under communist or 
fascist regimes used here on our own 

As Wilson and others call for public 
outrage and international support, 
others have pointed out one of the most . 
hypocritical elements of the new use of 
informers. As a commentator in the 
Andersontown News (A newspaper in 
Northern Ireland) wrote: 

"Some years ago people in West 
Belfast asked the government for a fac- 
tory. At the time a factory building 
would have cost £67,000. It could have 
given work to twenty people. The 
government refused. 

"Today the same government is offer- 
ing more than this amount of money to 
single individuals in West Belfast to send 
twenty men to prison," 

The effectiveness of the present 
British strategy is doubtful. Many times 
they have claimed that the IRA is 
beaten, and each time they are wrong. 
Even the British Army has admitted that 
the IRA and INLA mnnot be 
eliminated, only c tain; 

B Ths Mcfflll Dallyj-iWédnesday; Sèpiember :f5."i9të 

f i 

I:- i 





flowing in rte nppfer 0/ rte /tefeow; A/cCtf/'j c/wo w rte nation's capital 

Paddle and flex for health and fun 

by Susan Payne 

The McGill rowing club in- 
itie nniirtn* )„ }_ _» 

vîtes anyone to join in one of 
the healthiest sports around; it 
builds up tremendous 
resistance, promotes even 
muscular development and is 
one of the safest sports going, 
given that it frees the body's 
joints from tension. 

The rowing club is back this 
fall and ready to build upon its 
strong successes of the past spr- 
ing and summer season. Just 
recently, in August, the Men's 
Lightweight Four took the gold 
medal in the 100th Royal Cana- 
dian Henley in St. Catherines, 
Ontario. The Women's double 
placed third in the open event, 

and McGill was also represented Prairie and the Ottawa River 
in the Men's Pair and Regatta, 
lightweight Woman's Single 


The Men's Lightweight Four 
were also silver medalists at the 
Canadian National Rowing 
Championships in August. 
Other victories for the Club in- 
clude the Head of the Rivière de 

McGill Athletics 
Instructional Program 

Recruiting is currently under- 
way with the first general 
meeting slated for this coming 
Thursday in the COTC Lounge 
in the Currie Gym. New 
members and old will prepare 
for the upcoming season and 

For further information, please 
contact Bob Marlowe, the team • 
coach, at the Currie Gym. 

climb to 
3rd place 

by Richard Flint 
- There's good news for 
McGilPs Redmen football team 
and head coach Charlie Baillie 
in the Canadian Intern ni versity 
Athletic Union's annual rating 
of Canadian college football 

The CIAU's 'top ten' listing 
was released yesterday. McGill 
has made an impressive showing 
as the number three team in the 

Inching past McGill for the 
number two and one positions 
are Acadia University and 
University of British Columbia, 

Concordia University's 
Stingers placed fifth. McGill 
Redmen will be playing the 
Stingers in their next season 
game, this weekend. 

The jump in the Redmen's 
rating comes as no surprise. The 
team has been playing con- 
sistently well, and, this year, the 
top's . the limit. So far the 
Redmen have won one season 
game, against Carleton, and 
one exhibition game, against 


Fall Term 



Modern Dance 
Jazz Dance 
Social Dance 
HiwiHin Dane* 
Classical Belly Dance 
Disco Dance 
Tap Dance 
Aerobic Dance 
Rock 'n Roll 
Table Tennis 
Alkldo . 

Karate — ShorlnJIryu 

— Samurai 

— Shotokan 


Woman's Solf-Defenso 
Get Fit 

Weight Training 

Cross Country Skiing 








Yellow & Orange 

Maroon & Blue 
Green & Grey) 

Survival Card 






LEADER (Assistant Instructor) 
INSTRUCTOR (Aquatic Supervisor) 

Scuba Certification 
Life Saving 
Life Saving Fitness 
Bronze Medallion 
Stroke Improvement 

Bronze Cross 
Spring Board Diving 
Award of Merit 
Dlatlnctlon/Dlploma Award 

Skin Diving 

Synchronized Swimming 

Registration: Currie Gymnasium - 475 Pine Avenue West 

WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1982 17:30 hrs. 

You must register In person with an I.D. or gym membership card. 

• All Courses are Co-ed 

• Registration is limited. 

• Classes start the week of September 27. 

• Info: 392-4737 

Anorak Kangaroo 

Wlndproof, water resistant, 
and yet breathable for 
comfort, Is It any wonder 
that outdoor enthusiasts 
prefer the Anorak 
Kangaroo? Available In 
blue, beige, and red, In 
sizes 1 through 6. 

Tsé Tsé 
Sleeping Bag 

A double layer of quick- 
drying Polarguard makes 
this Ideal for the hiker, 
climber or canoeist, 
anytime from March to 

Regular,, $194 

Special $136 


! - ', 
J- •■ " • • ■" 

Matterhorn Insulated 
Hiking Boot 

The Ideal weekend hiking 
boot, with Goodyear welt 
construction, full leather 
lining, and Vibram soles. 


Le Globe-Trotter i 

Everything for backpacking, hiking & travelling 

1324A Sherbrooke W. 

. • •• 

McGM Redmen Soccer team sucessfully defend the net (above) and Carelton shoots (left) 

Redmen soccer team sweeps 
its invitational tournament 

by Woody Paulette 

The McGill Redmen Soccer 
team got their 1982 season off 
to a great start this past 
weekend by winning their own 
invitational tournament. 

Invited were teams from 
Albany State, Carleton, and 
Laurentian; by no means push- 
over competition. Saturday's 
games, saw Carleton edge by 
Laurentian, who were last 
year's C.I.A.U. semi-finalists, 
with a 4-3 score in a penalty 
shot shoot out. McGill, on the 
other hand, breezed by Albany 

State by.a score of 2 to 0. 

Sunday, Laurentian took the 
consolation game 2-0 over 
Albany State. 

Down by a 2-0 score in the 
first half of the Carelton game; 
the Redmen came out determin- 
ed to equalise. They evened-up, 
forcing the game into two 10 
minute overtime periods. 
Rookie star Graham Butcher 
maintained McGilTs momen- 
tum by netting his second goal 
of the game in the seventh* 
minute of the first overtime 
period. With powerful defence 

and solid goaltending the 
Redmen never looked back. 
They won the game 3-2. 

Strong performances - were 
given by Rookies Graham But- 
cher, John Gummersal, Alistair 
Mac Donald, Chris Barrai and 
goalkeeper Aldo Braccio who 

coach Gow desribed as being 
" good as anyone in the 

Brian Decaire, who signed 
with the Montréal Manic of the 
North American Soccer League 
will undoubtedly be missed. 
"We will really_miss Brian's 

leadership" coach Gow added, 
"but I believe there is personnel 
able to make up for this." 

With this weekend's perfor- 
mance it isn't hard to see that 
the defending Canadian Cham- . 
pions will put up a good fight to 
retain their title. 




1982 Fall Schedule 


Mon. Sept. 13 
Mon. Sept. 13 
Mon. Sept. 13 
Mon. Sept. 13 
Mon. Sept. 13 
Mon. Sept. 13 
Mon. Sept. 13 
Mon. Sept: 13 
Mon. Oct. 4 


Touch Football (M) 
Flag Football (M&W) 
Soccer (M&W) 
Softball (Co-Rec) 
Frisbee (Co-Rec) 
Golf (M&W) 
Tennis (M&W) 
Jogging Rally (M&W) 
Basketball (M&W) 


Mon. Sept. 20 
Mon. Sept. 20 
Mon. Sept. 20 
Mon. Sept. 20 
Mon. Sept. 20 
Fri. Sept. 24 
Fri. Sept. 24 
Fri. Sept. 24 
Wed. Oct. 13 

Mon. Oct. 4 
Mon. Oct. 4"~ 
Mon. Oct. 4 
Mon. Oct. 18 

Volleyball (M&W) 
Volleyball (Re-Call) 
.Hockey (W) 
Hockey (M) 

Wed. Oct. 13 
Wed. Oct. 13 
Thur. Oct. 14 
Tues. Oct: 19 



1- A team representative must attend the 
captains' meeting held on the evening 

Gym. Tel.: 392-4730 

3- Schedule Info. - 24hrs. "HOTLINE" Tel.: 

Employment Opportunities Available 
Referees & Organizers • Call 392-4730 

'8 'Tha McGltl-Oally 'Wednesday,>Sep1ember'15J 1932 

Clash: You have the right to good rock 

by Peter F. Kuitenbrouwer 

When they kick out your front 
door/How ya, gonna com- 
e/With your hands on your 
head/Or on the trigger of your 
gun? — The Clash The Guns of 

Punk is five years old this 
fall. To be more succinct, it's 

No movement which based its 
existence on creating ant i-heros, 
playing non-commercial music, 
and avoiding star status cannot' 
survive beyond its originators' 
first few crossover pop tunes 
and disco creations. 

•Those who slammed to the 
Clash's first album when it was 
current and felt at one with its 
anarchistic outcry reeled in 

disgust when "Radio Clash" 
came out last winter. It was the 
last shovelful of sand on the 
coffin of raw revolt against 
everything fake. 

What have we got left? On 
one extreme, a whole new "in- 
vasion" of empty pop bands, 
like Visage and Haircut 100 — 
K.C. and the Sunshine Band 
with short hair and more up- 
beat sound. 

On the other extreme, hard- 
core acts like Black Flag and the 
Sub-Humans scream unintelligi- 
ble obscenities • at everything 
without a shaved skull. 

This puts the Gash smack in 
the middle of a dilemna, largely 
self-induced. The music they 
spawned has splintered into 
many sub-sects, bearing little 
resemblance to its parents. The 
Clash are forced to innovate, 
because if they stick with their 
old style, they look like im- 

... On album, they've both suc- 
ceeded and failed. Their latest 
effort, Combat Rock, is too 

slick for fans of their rawness, songs with harsh lyrics, they did 
and too lyrically cryptic for the not stop* from playing slow reg- 
gae. "Armeggedon Time" and 
"Straight- to Hell" rolled off 
their guitars slowly and painful- 
ly, both crying out about the 
hunger in the world. 

The quick-pulsed rock 
maestros even magically pulled 
out .the gems from their almost 

pop-buying masses. 

On stage, though, it sounds 

At the Verdun Arena Satur- 
day, September 4th, what were 
once "The Only Band that Mat- 
ters" have become a musically 
pure act with a very strong 

political message. Not very completely unfathomable 
often do you go to a rock show, treatise op rock and revolution, 

bounce off the sweating hordes 
for two hours, and come out 
feeling like you've learned 

. The band took most care with 
their new material, injecting a 
rare energy into even the most 
"pop" tunes, "Rock the 
Casbah," and "Radio Clash." 

I981's Sandinista. "Charlie 
Don't Surf," "Somebody Got 
Murdered,"and "Police on My 
Back" stung with political 
ferocity and musically surpass- 
ed the studio versions. 

One concert-goer remarked in 
awe that the disco/ rap cross- 
over tunes were the most 

For bounce value, "Know Your subversive of the show. And, in 
Rights" crowned the evening. fact, "Radio Clash" and "The 

Magnificient Seven" did gain 

"C'mon everybody smash up' 
your seats and rock to this 
brand new beat. " 

While the band's is most > 
known for abrasive, fast simple 

force on stage, though the 
studio versions sound dead-on 
in a discoteque. 

The material from the first 
three albums sounded strangely 

please lum to page 9 

WI th CBC Bad.oat Nlc _ 

• • • • 

• • • 

• • • 

• • • 

• • • • 

6-9 am 

with Dennis Trudeau 

• • • 

12-2 pm 

r/U)\0 NOON 

w \tn Augusta LaPaix 

> : Free Coffee & Bagels : : | : 

m imm : 

V:\.ADicTV SHOW : 


4-6 pm 



2-7 pm 

Featuring the 


: uith Peter Doumie Stephen Barrv ou»u .. 
• «^0^ 

J : " -(-vTO 

The McGill DaHy • Wednesday.-Seplember 15." 1982 :9 

conllnoed from page 8 
flat, for those who revelled in 
that music's exuberance when it 
first came out. Dancing to 
"White Riot", '<I Fought the 
Law", and "White Man in 
Hammersmith Palais felt 
almost like reliving an old rite 
rather than feeling power surge 
from angry young intellectuals. 

The London Calling material 
also sounded pretty bland. 
Perhaps the Clash have lost that 
early punch, but more likely 
their music has refined since 

The slide show which served 
as the band's backdrop made 
numerous specific political 
points, alternating* between 
photos of hunger and poverty 
and images of evil Thatcher, 
riots in Belfast, and the blood- 
soaked Union Jack. 

Unfortunately, the band 
seemed rather tired by com- 
parison with their visuals. Joe 
Strummer's mohawk succeeds 
in jarring middle class sen- 
sibilities, but it's riped off from 
the Plasmatics. Mick Jones' 
dance steps came straight out of 
a week-end punker strut at 
Glace. And Terry Chimes, who 
hasn't played with the band 
since their first album, went 
through the motions without 
adding anything to the songs. 

Terry Chimes* problems 
largely parrallel those of Kenny 
Jones, the new Who drummer: - 
how do you replace a legend? 

Paul Simenon, the bas_s 
player, held the stage with the 
most poise: he didn't over do it 
and played flawlessly. 

Testimony to the loosening of 
the band's hard-line style was 
Mick Jones' appearance, much 
later that night, at Jagger's, a 
new dance club on de la Mon- 
tagne. The club is a Glace spin- 
off, playing the music airheads 
and other various electronic 
jerks, ripped off from the anger 
of the late '70s. 

Ya got problems — ha!/Ya 
think it's funny/Turning 
rebellion into money 
Still, it is comforting to know 

the Clash remain broke ('cause 
4hey don't want to profit from 
kids'), doing things like order- 
ing anti-home taping stickers 
off their latest album in Britain. 

In addition, the large crowd 
in Verdun indicates at least par- 
tial success in their aim of bring- 
ing political consciousness to 
the masses'. 












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Da/?ce for disarmament 

The Canadian Coalition for 
Nuclear Responsibility (CCNR) 
is presenting an exciting line-up 
of dancers and dance troupes 
tonight in a benefit perfor- 
mance at the Expo Theatre. 

The idea for the benefit 
originated with one of Canada's 
best known contemporary 
dancers, Margie Gillis, who has 
lined up the other performers. 

All are donating their talent and 
time, along with a small army of 
technical and support staff, to' 
raise money for the CCNR. 

Some of the money raised 
from this benefit will go 
towards keeping- the CCNR 
resource center, located at 4374 
St. Laurent, open. The resource 
center is generally considered to 
be the best in the city. Some of 
the money will also be used for 

CCNR operating expenses. 

Tickets are $10.00 and will be 
available at the door tomorrow 
night. The performance starts at 
7:30 pm and along with Margie 
-Gillis will feature, among 
others, Les Ballets Jazz and 
Sylvie Panet-Raymond. 

To get to the Expo Theatre at 
Cité Du Havre take the 167 or 
168 bus from the McGill metro 

Share a Dream — Run for Terry Fox 





Sponsor forms are available at Sadie's 1 & 2 and Sir Arthur Currie Gym 
on the McGill University Campus. . 

At the Cartier (angel) monument, Park Ave. 
facing Rachel 




Value approximately £10,000 a year each, are offered to two scholars chosen from the 
Province of Quebec. These are tenable for two years at Oxford University, a third year 
being granted under certain circumstances. %J 


Candidates must: 

(1) be an unmarried male or female Canadian citizen 
, or British subject and have. been, ordinarily resi- 
' dent In Canada for at least five years immediately 

preceding October 1st, 1982. 

(2) have been born between October 2, 1958 and Oc- 
tober 1,1964. 

(3) have completed at least three years of university 
training by October 1st, 1983. 


Office of the Dean of Students 
3637>Peel Street - Room 211 

(Note: American students can obtain the address of the Rhodes Secretary for their 
state at the above office) 


In order to participate in the Internal McGill recommendation system which requires 
being Interviewed at the University, candidates must submit their form on or before 
Friday, October 1, 1982. 

* ' - . - 

10 Tha McGlH Dally - Wednesday. September 15. 1982 "" 

Cutback fever hits British Columbia 


The upheaval causd by 
massive government cutbacks, 
major enrolment jumps and 
staggering levels of studnt 
unemployment are national, but 
have struck B.C. with particular 

As of the second week of 
September , the B.C. cabinet had 
still not released funds for stu- 
dent aid. At the same time, it 
proposed to cut. this years 
budget by S12 million for the 
universities and $8.5 million for 
the coUges. 

To compound the situation, 
labour unrest among provincial 
government employees has 
delayed the processing of stu- 
dent loan applications and 
halted expansion projects at 
several campuses. 

Record-breaking numbers of 
students are flocking to B.C.'s 

colleges and universities to 
register, but they are unsure if 
and when they will get financial 
aid. Should they receive enough 
money to go through with their 
education, they will find fewer 
facilities and fewer professors. 

In the midst of this looms the 
threat of a province-wide labour 
strike, which would close down 
some campuses in the interior 
and cause further delays in pro- 
cessing student aid applications. 

Campuses across B.C. are in 
an unprecedented crisis. 

Unemployment among retur- 
ning students in B.C. was 23.1 
per cent in July, a startling rise 
from 9.6 per cent a year earlier. 
Most Vancouver area colleges 
expect a sharp 25 per cent enrol- 
ment increase. The university of 
B.C. is anticipating a 10 per 
cent increase and Simon Fraser 
University had a 13 per cent in- 




Date: Friday, Sept. 17, 1982 
Place: Holiday Inn 
(Sherbrooke & Durocher) 

Time: 8.-00 p.m. 

Price: Advance $3.50, Door 54:00 
Call 254-8158 

Snacks and Door Prizes 


WED., SEPT. 22 

yet unsigned 
should call Angéle 
at 392-8976 

I or stop by Union B07.£ 


. Sept. 1 7 

crease over the summer. 

Student aid applications are 
up steeply around the province, 
by 38 per cent at UBC and 65 
per cent at Simon Fraser. 

Although the provincial 
government says it supports the 
student aid program, it has not 
budgeted enough to handle the 
increase in aid applications. 
Meanwhile, the provincial 
cabinet is considering imposing 
a ceiling on student aid. ' 

Government cutbacks have 
already forced staff layoffs and 
cutbacks in facilities. The 
Langley campus of Kwantlen 
Community College will close 
December 31 because it has not 
received enough money to con- 
tinue operating. UBC has laid 
off 67 teaching staff and SFU, 

Enrolment at Langar College 
was up so sharply, droves of 
students were being turned 
away from classes two days 
before registration ended. 

44 We realize it's a very serious 
situation, "said Dean Goard, 
B.C.'s director of University 
Programs. 44 But the provincial 
government has a $750 million 
projected deficit, and it thinks 

that that is too high." 

But Goard has' comforting 
words for financially strapped 
students: "At least no one has 
proposed that we cut money for 
student aid. We may put on a 
ceiling, but it's hot likely to get 

Students have not yet become 
vocàl as they attempt to survive 
registration, but the Canadian 
Federation of Students — 
Pacific is plannning a public 

education campaign aimed at 
fighting cutbacks as part of a 
national Week of Information, 
October 11-15. 

At UBC, student society 
president, Dave Frank said he 
expects the campus to come 
alive with protest. 

"The situation is really 
desperate/'hc said. 44 0nce 
students come out of the trance 
of registration, they'll be 

Jf.ll: lllil 'l. 1 l i* 
ill '•■ ivt • vi \\\> ) 


- / 

T l?llfJwÇ OND HAND 

Room BOo/lO 
Student Union Building 

3480 McTavlih Street 
9a.m. to 4p.m. 

(weekdays only) 

• Brlno In your old textbooks v 

Friday SepL 10th To Friday x > 
Sept. 17th 

* Books on sale 

Tuesday Sept 14th to Wednesday 
Sept. 22nd 

•Collect money and/or unsold 

Thursday Sept. 23 rd to Monday 

Ploaso! McGW course material only 

Note: Set your own prices lor books 
you wish to sell — 10V, 
deducted for operating costs. 

Organized by McGIII 
"hrlstlan Fellowship 

sored by the 
int»' Society 

TheMcGlli Daily - WednesdayVs'eptwiibeMS.'igBz" 11 

Moncton students on trial. . 

continued from pige 2 

After things quieted down in 
May, the 28 arrested students 
appeared in court on charges of 
obstruction. All the cases were 
postponed to late September or 
early October. Flaherty said the 
police may make a deal to drop 
charges for IS of the students if 
the other 13 plead guilty. 

Soon after the court ap- 
pearances, the university began 


cuts bite hard 

continued from pige 1 

was not decreasing. The faculty 
is not- replacing a Professor who- 
retired last year nor one who is 
leaving next year. . 

Department of Hispanic 
Studies'. Administrative 
secretary,' Mrs. L. Simon, said 
because of increased enrollment 
in some courses the professers 
were overworked. 

"Spanish is becoming more 
and more popular<" she said. 

Acting. Chairperson,' Pro- 
fesser Ouimette, would not 


continued from page 1 

"the balloon could have struck 
an engineer as easily as it could 
have struck the sound mixer." 

He continued that "the EUS 
is suffering from the incident as 
well as Radio McOill." 

Radio McGill president Perez 
said "what we are asking for 
from the EUS is to cover all 
repair costs, replacement costs 
if necessary, and to cover all 
costs for rental of a new unit. 
The last cost is effective im- 

Perez continued that the 
sound mixer is an important 
pièce of equipment at the sta- 
tion, as well as being a top 
quality and expensive piece of 
equipment. It is also used at 
McGill Football and Basketball 

" We don't expect to get bom- 
barded (with water balloons) 
when we set up equipment. This 
balloon caused equipment 
damage this time, but could 
have well . caused personal 
damage. What would the EUS 
have done then?"said Perez 

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Custom Screen 

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bars, promotions! - 

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comment on the affect of 
budget cuts on the department. 

Despite their difficulties, 
representatives of the French 
Canadian Studies Centre and 
the Faculty of Religious Studies 
felt confident about the future. 

Mr.Lamonde said that the 
Centre is trying to "retain the 
dynanism of it's program". It 
will do this, he added, by col- 

scious of a critical situation. "he 
laborating with other groups in 
joint projects. "We want the 
image of a Centre being con- 
said. . 

Brais, of Religious Studies, 
said that "we don't anticipate 
being "eradicated." The faculty 
is supported by various church 
related funding. 

Has your required course 
been cut? Are you sitting 
in a classroom with too few 
chairs in it 'cos the prof, 
wants to drive half .of you 
away? Don't just sit there 
come and tell the Daily... 


"Non-resident meal plan" 


1st Semester: 
3 meals per day, Mon. to Fri 

2nd Semester: 
3 meals per day, Mon. to Fri 

Accepted at all 3 Residence Cafeterias. 
For further information call 392-4201. 

Volunteers needed to work for a few hours 


between Sept. 27 and Oct. 1. 


Come down to B07 (downstairs) of the Union 
Building, or call Sandra at 392-8976 


mailing out letters expelling 
some of the students involved in 
the occupation. The administra- 
tion refused to provide a list of 
these students so it took many 
weeks for occupation organizers 
to learn that 17 had been expell- 

15 of the 17 appeared before 
a university committee to seek 
rcadmittance. Two of these 
we're readmitted with no condi- 
tions attached. Two were of- 
fered rcadmittance only if they 
agreed to respect university 
rules and not to participate in 
any legal or illegal demonstra- 
tions. Four were offered read- 
mittance subject to two addi- " 
tional conditions — that they 
agree not to hold any positions 
with any organization on cam- 1 
pus or attend any student 
meetings or other activities. 
Seven were flatly denied read- 

mission. Three of the six of- 
fered conditional readmission 

The occupying students 
claimed a partial victory when 
tuition fees were raised 12.9 per 
cent, instead of the rumoured 
20-25 per cent. 

Flaherty said although there 
were some special circumstances 
at U de M, incidents like the oc- 
cupation will become more 

"I guess there come a point 
when the frustration sets in and 
students decide something has 
to b done,"she said. "Chances 
are we'll see more of this, not 
necessarily occupation, but 
similar tactics." 

She said planning for some of 
these 'similar tactics' will come 
out of the CFS Week of Infor- 
mation in October. 

fflildon fflorri/G Butler 

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CALL 481-0218 

Montreal's Other Dall^ 

3480 McTavlsh, Rm. B03,Montréal,P.Q.,H3A 1X9.Telephone.(514) Editorial 392-8 955, Advertising 392-8902, 



c • ; > 


Other Editors 

G. Pierre Goad 
Brahm Resnik 

Other Photo Editor Edward G. Arzouian 

Other Contributors Wendy Jones, Betsy Pritzker, Eli Bernstein, 

Elizabeth E.C. Jarvis, Chick Silverman, 
Susan Gemmell, Chip Dexter, Brian Topp, 
Martin Siberok, Ronn Berns, John Moore, 
Lucie Masse, Michel Sheppard, Gino Ap- 
poni, Carlos Constantino, Richard Flint, An- 
thony C. Munter, Peter Tannenbaum, 
Stewart Freed, Richard Gold, Scooter 
Resnik, McGill Legal Aid Clinic, 
Christian Clark (graphics), Gerard Martin 
and Michael Wyszkowski (photos) 

Other Production 

Anthony C. Munter, Carlos Constantino, 
Gino Apponi, Susan Gemmell, Eli Bernstein, 
and Ron Fleischman 

Other Advertising Louise Haberl (Manager), Michael Pacholka, 

Marian Aronoff 

Other Handbook 
Business Manager 

Other Cover 

Angela Marcogliese 

Photo by Edward G. Arzouian 

Bodies by Louise Haberl, Martin Siberok, 
Bianca Tessier-Lavigne, Gino Apponi, Peter 
Tannenbaum, Elizabeth E.C. Jarvis, An- 
thony C. Munter, Chip Dexter, David 

Concept by Scooter Resnik 

Other Centerspread Colleen Sullivan 

The Other Handbook is another fine media product published annually by the Daily Publications Society 
(Ltd.), which is also publisher of the McGill Daily. All contents ©1982 by the Daily Publications Society. 

The Other Handbook had its editorial offices at 3480 McTavish, room B03, Montréal, Québec, H3A 
1X9. The opinions expressed in the editorial pages of the Other Handbook are those of its staff and do 
not necessarily reflect the views of the McGill University administration or the Students' Society of 
McGill University. Products and companies advertised in the Other Handbook are not necessarily en 
dorsed by the Other Handbook staff. 

The Other Handbook was printed at L'Imprimerie Dumont, 9130 Boivin, Ville LaSalle. 

We invite all McGill 
students to buy their 
stationery and 
supplies at 
competitive prices. 

Just a few of our items: 

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• Contact Lens centre 
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1 401 Peel 694A Ste- Catherine W. 

(Just above Ste-Cotherlne) CfcxIngEotorVs) 

842-5489 861-2659 



Corner of Union and Sherbrooke 
Opposite McGill University 
Tel. 845-9834. 

Pastors: Frank Humphrey, B.A., M.Div., Th.M. 
John Woodward, B.A., M.Div. 

"/esus said '/ am the Way; the Truth and the Life' " lohn 14:6 

We extend à warm welcome to the student community, and encourage you 
to join us in the worship of Cod and the study of His Word. 

SERVICES: Sunday Morning - 11:00 A.M. 

Evening - 7:15 P.M 

Saturday. 7:00 P.M. - College and Careers, Bible Study 

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Information Systems 

Sales - Service 
Programming Assistance 




Other Editors' Notes 

It's not another handbook, it's the Other Hand- 
book. The obvious question is The Other 
Handbook with reference to what other hand- 
book? or, Why should students pay for two 
handbooks? or, better yet, Why? 

The answers are hidden in another tale of McGill 
/Jfl/Ty-Students' Society intrigue, too laborious to re- 
count here in detail. The heart of the Other Hand- 
book is plain to see: it is produced by staff members 
of the McGill Daily as were all handbooks previous. 
Out of the picture is the Students* Society, which 
published the work of the Daily staff in the past 
seven handbooks and which has this year chosen to 
publish the work of parvenus. Enter the Daily 
Publications Society, publisher of the McGill Daily 
and now the Other Handbook. 

The idea was, and still is, to find alternate sources 
of revenue for the Daily Publications Society to off- 
set the Daily's operating expenses. When the Hand- 
book project was seriously considered last spring, it 
didn't make sense for Daily staffers to work for the 
profit of the Students' Society when the Daily had 
every means at its disposal to produce a Handbook. 
Happily we can say five months later it still doesn't 
make sense. 

The modest profits accrued by the Other Hand- 
book will be plowed back into the operation of the 
Daily. It should be made very clear that no student 
monies have been spent in the production of the 
Other Handbook; advertising revenues have paid for 
the printing and production costs. 

So in a rather disingenuous way, we've dubbed this 
the Other Handbook, as distinguished from the 
Students' Society's pedestrian production. But that 
only explains one aspect of the "other-ness." There 
also happen to be laws against using the name 
"McGill" without permission from a higher authori- 

All cogent legal considerations aside, however, the 
Other also represents a conscious thematic and 
stylistic departure from the seven handbooks past. 
"A handbook, not a phonebook, dammit," as one 
of us is overly fond of saying. The approach was to 
be a contextual one, eschewing the "this is where we 
are and this is our telephone number" rote in favor 
of stories which seek to explain and inform in more 
interesting ways. Stylistic changes include the Daily- 
size page and splashy color in an effort to make the 
Other better looking and more readable than the 
smaller size magazine format. 

As the Other has evolved and assumed an identity 
separate from the one invested in it by the editors, we 
have had to scramble to understand it. 

What you have is a handbook describing a way of 
being, a way of seeing, that you might not find 
anywhere else. Certainly there is a combat manual 
aspect to the Other, witness the space devoted to you 
and the law, but there is more space devoted to rous- 
ing students out of the grind of classes and the 
academic mindset that conspires against free associa- 
tion and thought. 

As wild as this city gets, and it's pretty tame these 

days, you'll find the details in the Other. Seamy city 
politics — you'll find them here too. The velorevolu- 
tion? We've got correspondents in the bush. There 
are also pieces on the immediate environment, walk- 
ing tours, and a hidden gem, the Redpath Museum. 
In bold, unflinching color and b&w. 

The point? The oft-used exhortation to get out of 
the library and discover all that McGill has to offer 
omits an important qualification: look over your 
books first. There's a great antipathy at McGill 
towards anything that doesn't have a reading list and 
office hours. 

The most enduring skill you'll acquire at McGill is 
an ability to learn how to learn. While some allege 
that universities are intellectual percolators open to 
all, where thought collides with thought with a resul- 
tant synthesis of ideas and "understanding," the 
more popular notion of university is of a hermetically 
sealed, insular world of self-seekers with their eyes 
set career-ward. 

Of course, none of the above clichés can stand on 
its own. The truth is a lighter shade of gray and that 
is what you must glean at university. In con- 
tradistinction to those who would believe their own 
PR ("get out and discover it all"), we say "get out 
and understand it all." Try going to a go-go first. 

—G. Pierre Goad 
andBrahm Resnik 

Inside the Other 

5 Editors' notes: On the Other(5) 

Q Student agonlstes: The Supply Side Student and 
Etudier à l'étranger sans déménager (9& 10) 

Redpath Museum: On her centenary, living a life of 
quiet desperatlor 

3fi McGill and Its employees: Laboring under an illu- 

40 Tne Ma p ( 4 °- 41 > 

42 Montréal and Its mayor: Still Drapeau after all these 

1 7 Walking Tour I: McGill University (17) 

"1 Q Students' Society collapses: The year (1975) that 
1 * was(19) 

22 Tne 9 ettm 9 °' casn: Banking and bursaries (22,23) 

24 Tne 9 ettln 9 of religion: Chaplaincy at McGill (24) 

25 McGill au Québec(25) 

27 Birth Control: Just the facts(27) 

30 Pr0 9 nanc y and abortion: Dealing with it(30) 

VD and Herpes: Can you spell the Scarlet 
ww Letters?(33) 

34 Tne ABC's of stress: How not to(34) 

45 Walking Tour II: Downtown, downtown(45) 
47 City transit: MUCTC despite itself (47) 

49 You ar, d tne Law: Criminal, Consumer, Lease, 
Citizenship and Employment (49) 

57 The 9°°d 9 a y Ma(57) 

QQMontréal theatre: The state of the art(60) 

@3 L,Ve Muslc: Live Muslc!(63) 

55 Gom 9 t° a gogo: Where to(65) 

57 Clothes, garments, and shmatas: Cheap chlc(67) 

70 Cycling Into the coming velorevolutlon: Bicycle 
care, conduct, consumerism, ethics, ethnography, 
and weekend trips(72) 



Delicious take-out sandwiches 
always ready or prepared for you 
while you wait. 

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Montréal 's Other Daily. The McGUI Daily. 

3480 McTavish, Rm. BOa.Montréal.P.Qi.HaA IXg.TelBphonB (514) Editorial 392-8955, Advertising 392-8902, 392-8959 

Gertrude's is the Union building 

The University Center 

Consider the Union building for a moment; a 
building which after its opening (c. 1964) 
won awards for its architecture, a building 
which is now, after much use, for laying 
down and avoiding. Rarely has an edifice been so 
poorly suited to its intended function. You ask for a 
cheery meeting place and you get an oppressive 
tomb. Face it, the building is a dud. But hey, it's the 
only dud we've got. 

This campus wheelhôuse, Which has been alleged 
to "offer it all," offers tributes to the dimness of 
reflected light, the chill of forced air, and the 
monotony of poured concrete. Then there is the stair- 
way which occupies prime space in a building whose 
inhabitants are collapsing in on themselves for want 
of anywhere better to go. 

Exactly what did the builders have in mind when 
they dedicated so much of the Union's volume to 
stairsll We can't be sure today but some half-baked 
theories have arisen through the years, none more 
compelling than the "Doomsday Scenario" advanc- 
ed by a number of prominent Union-ologists. 

Doomsday Redux 

The Doomsday theory seeks to explain away the 
spatial problems imposed by the stairs. It is instruc- 
tive to look at the skylight on the fifth floor and the 
enormous void below it which is cordoned off by the 
spiraling stairs. As this purely apocryphal story goes, 
the University administration in the early sixties was 
a bit concerned about students perhaps demolishing 
their building, whose construction was made possible 
through the munificence of noted McGill benefactor 
J.W. McConnell. Showing even greater prescience, 
the story goes on, administrators were worried about 
someone bombing the building. 

This is where the void beneath the skylight comes 
in: Say there was a pitched battle between the forces 
of light and the forces of darkness in the Union lobby 
(there was one notable donnybrook in the early 
seventies), and say an explosive device was 
detonated, the shock of the explosion would be 
released through the void and out the skylight. 

Given that it took 34 years to open the new 
Union's doors after it was decided the old Union 
building (the present McCord Museum) was un- 
suitable for a rapidly growing student body, the new 
Union was built to last. 

More prosaic yet saner theories hold that the stairs 
are a throwback to the old Union and its elegant 
centerpiece staircase. Other theorists think this kind 
of bad design just makes sense 
when compared with the other campus buildings 
erected during the sixties building boom; the Leacock 
lobby was virtually inaccesible during peak hours un- 
til a second door was installed on the. south side in 


Union flea market 

Besides the aesthetic offences, the Union design 
causes great pain to Students' Society officials who 
wish to rent every room in the building to purveyors 
of frankincense, gold, myrrh and American blue 
jeans. The goods sold are generally of dubious quali- 
ty but when it comes to students anything goes. 

As available room space dwindles to zero, most 
creative planning is done with an eye toward rent 

revenue. Of all the fanciful plans bandied about since 
the Union opened, none have been more engaging 
than extending the building out over the parking lot 
and knocking a hole in the floor of Gertrude's for a 
stairway to a "quiet bar" in what is now room B01. 

With money scarce, building renovations are not 
major priorities at this time. A few years down the 
road, however, Bank of Montréal tellers or a Green 
Machine will be permanent features in the lobby. 
After that, perhaps an Izod prêt à porter academe 
wear boutique. 

Last year's executive found out just how crowded 
the Union is when it couldn't reserve room 310, its 
board room, for council meetings. They went as far 
afield as the Arts Council Room to hold meetings, 
after occasional stops in the cafeteria. 

Gay McGill just found out how crowded the Union 
is as it faces imminent removal from its office on the 
fourth floor to make room for the Students* 
Society's illustrious publications. Gay McGill will be 
relocated to a smaller office on the fourth floor. 

The room quagmire in the basement was again 

The major retail event one can have few qualms 
with is the annual ski sale, a week-long extravaganza 
in the basement which does up to $20,000 worth of 
business, for the benefit of students and the ski team. 
(Watch for ads in the Daily.) 

No room at the Inn 

As lord and master over the Union building, the 
Students' Society, through the Joint Managemeent 
Committee, controls room allocations. A tour of the 
building reveals some questionable allocations, star- 
ting in the Society general office itself. 

As the putative "government" of the Students' 
Society, it seems odd that the student executives are 
shunted into offices, two at a time, at the extreme 
rear of the general office. Turn left at the mailbox 
and go straight past the safe. The Society's nerve 
center is occupied by the permanent employees, peo- 
ple who theoretically work under the executive. In 
this case, geography tells you who's in the driver's 

resolved to the Program Board's satisfaction as it 
kept all its posters and plastic plants in a fair-sized 
room in the basement. Meanwhile, Legal Aid and the 
Debating Union, two of the building's more active 
organizations, work out of stalls too small for their 
staff and membership. The Program Board office 
wouldn't solve room problems but there is a distinct 
feeling that a room full of posters isn't of much use 
to anyone. 

Good eats 

For most students, however, the Union building is 
nothing more than a stop in the lunch hour of life. 
The Caf offers cuisine of the banal for thousands of 
students every day. Someone's got to eat it. 

Then there is Gertrude's, convivial eatery by day, 
meat market by night, white minors slave trade on 
weekends. But the pizza, variously claimed to be the 
finest in Montréal and the sludge of the earth, makes 
the Union building. Gertrude's is the Union building. 

— Chip Dexter 


We're Close 






Best of Luck This Coming Year 


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Modern students toss away that 
GPA for the work/grade ratio 

Harvard, Yale, Princeton, 
What do all these institutions of higher 
j learning all have in common? 
Precious little, unfortunately. But to all you L.L. 
Bean-clad, wet-behind-the-ears froshes, the image of 
McGill as the "Harvard of the North" dies hard. 
Sooner or later, though, you'll realize that the 
"Ungava Bay U. of the South" is somehwat closer to 
the mark. 

It's long been clear to most McGill-watchers that 
the school has hit the skids academically. In the past 
three years McGill has lowered its ad- 
mission standards by five per cent to a 
65, and has replaced Principal Robert 
"Blood and Guts" Bell with a Johnny 
Carson lookalike, in a bold, Network- 
esque bid to boost recruitment. 

Yet the ills which plague that "quiet 
and still air of delightful studies" are 
merely symptomatic of the challenges 
which are rocking the very foundations 
of higher education in North America, 
challenges with which you froshes must 
come to terms. The following anecdote 
is illustrative of what you've got com- 

Harold (not his real name) is a U5 
Arts student who is presently com- 
pleting the second year of a three year 
BA program. This year, Harold has 
decided to "take it easy" by enrolling 
in only one course, namely, "Man and the Media: 
Myth, Metaphor and Matzoh Balls." In early 
February, Harold breaks down and actually attends 
one lecture (although he shrewdly manages to lose 
the notes afterward). Anxiety again overcomes him 
on the eve of the final, and Harold thumbs through 
some McLuhan during the Canadiens' last stand 
against Les Nordiques. The next morning, our hero 
pulls a B minus in the exam. 

In the old days, Harold might have been dismissed 
as a worthless philanderer, exploiting the inherent 
freedom of a liberal arts education to cheat himself 
of any real learning and the taxpayers of their hard- 
earned bucks. But today, in the sobering age of 
Reaganomics, Harold is in the vanguard of a new 
breed of students, playing a far different role in 
society than that of his predecessors. Harold is the 
quintessential "supply-side student." 

How does David Stockman tit in, you ask? 

To begin with, the underlying idea of a liberal arts 
education, i.e. to provide people with a firm groun- 
ding in the humanities and several years in an 


unrestricted educational milieu so they will be more 
humanitarian citizens, has crumbled under the break- 
ing waves of conservatism. The new buzz-word in 
education is "conservative arts," which stress respect 
for authority and institutions such as the nuclear 
family, the Soviet threat, and G-d. 

The catch is that these attitudes can be effectively 
instilled in an individual by grade six, making higher 
education vestigial at best and downright subversive 
at worst. Study and reflection beyond what is ab- 
solutely necessary is to be discouraged. Thus, Harold 
was doing his patriotic best. 

Secondly, with the political futures of Reagan, 
Thatcher, MacEachan, and other supply-side 
"beautiful people" being constantly threatened by 
spiralling jobless figures, and every additional arts 
graduate merely adding to those totals, to stay in 
school a few years longer than necessary is hardly a 
means of avoiding one's social responsibilities. On 
the contrary, it is a way of mitigating our leaders' 
embarassment at a time when they must be strong. 

With factories closing daily, and bankruptcies at 
record levels, society's most valued class is that which 
produces nothing, yet creates demand for the work 
of others through consumption. There can be no 
more natural constituents of this class than students . 
and university administrators. 

Supply-side economics is a radical new doctrine 
which holds that it is possible to simultaneously cut 
taxes, double military expenditures, and balance a 
formerly deficit-ridden budget. As President Reagan 
once succinctly summarized it before a bedazzled 
Washington press corps: 

"Let's pretend the American economy is an 

orange. Now let's cut the orange in half. Under our 
new budget, half goes to the tax cuts, half goes to the 
Pentagon, and half goes to the budget deficit." 

In a word, supply-side economics means doing 
more with less, and so does supply-side studying. The 
modern student no longer evaluates his/her success 
by final marks (since First Class Honours grads and 
C students will be collecting the same UIC cheques), 
but rather on the efficiency of his/her studies. Most 
upper-year artsies now shun the archaic trappings of 
the 4.0-scale GPA for the more relevant 
"grade/work ratio." This is calculated by dividing 
the student's final mark by the number 
of hours studied for that course. 

Thus a student such as our Harold 
who gets a 68 putting only eight to 10 
hours of work into a course will have a 
grade/work ratio several times higher 
than his classmate who pulls an 85 per 
cent, but who logged some 50 hours of 

In purely economic terms, the latter 
sucker has run up a deficit of some 40 
hours which could have been used for 
more constructive purposes, such as 
promoting disarmament (if one 
believes a nuclear war can be 
prevented) or towards hedonistic pur- 
suits (if one believes a nuclear 
holocaust is inevitable and imminent). 
All that sacrifice just to make 
him/herself 17 per cent more over- 
qualified for a job which doesn't exist anyway! 

To complete the process of calculating the 
grade/work ratio, you must repeat the above process 
for every course, multiplying by the respective credit 
weight and then dividing by the total number of 
credits to average it all out. If you have any problems 
following that, perhaps you should consider a switch 
into commerce. 

Froshes will quickly learn that there are as many 
ways of keeping the old grade/work ratio up as there 
are members of the Pre-Law Undergraduate Society. 
Upperclasspeople will no doubt tell you of "Shifty," 
the legendary economics student who used the same 
term paper on the economic development of Nigeria 
to get through courses in anthropology, economics, 
sociology and poli sci. 

In the final analysis, however, you will learn that 
there is no substitute at McGill for sheer, unyielding 
slothfulness. As one accomplished alumna has suc- 
cinctly put it, "Turn on the TV, will you?"D 


—Chick Silverman 




Première journée à McGill. «Mais, veux-tu 
me dire pourquoi j'suis venue icitte?» me 
demandais-je désespérée quand, après une 
bonne demi-heure de recherches, je trouvai 

enfin le local où se donnait mon premier cours. Il y 
avait 300 places et elles étaient toutes occupées. Non. 
J'en aperçus une de libre au centre de l'auditorium. 
Je pris une grande respiration et m'y rendis brave- 
ment en distribuant les "excuse me" à gauche et à 

Je me laissai tomber soulagée sur le 4 par 4 qui me 
servait de banc. Les pieds de ma voisine d'en arrière 
me chatouillaient les oreilles et les miens frôlaient les 
cheveux du gars d'en avant. Mes deux coudes 
violaient l'espace vital de mes collègues d'à côté et 
ceux-ci ne se gênaient pas pour en faire autant. 
J'avais l'impression d'être assise dans un autobus 
bondé à l'heure de pointe. . 

Le professeur nous débitait son baratin depuis plus 
de dix minutes déjà lorsque je m'aperçus que je ne 
comprenais rien. Pourtant, je le jure, je parle anglais. 
J'avais même refusé de prendre un cours d' English as 
a second language. («How is your English?» m'avait 
demandé mon adviser. «Fine» avais-je répondu 

Les autres étudiants prenaient des notes fébrile- 
ment tandis que je restais là, un peu gaga, comme 
quelqu'un qui s'aperçoit, mais un peu tard, qu'il s'est 
trompé d'autobus. Ma voisine de droite se tourna 
brusquement vers moi et me demanda: « What did he 
say last?». Je la regardai les yeux pleins de larmes, un 
petit sourire idiot au coin des lèvres: « When is the 
next stop?». 

Puis, délivrance, la cloche sonna: ding-ding. Les 
étudiants se levèrent comme une seule femme et sor- 
tirent en m'entraînant avec eux. Heureusement, car 
pendant que nous remontions le courant vers la sor- 
tie, des centaines de petits saumons de toutes les 
couleurs descendaient frénétiquement vers l'océan du 
savoir. Au loin, je pouvais voir une jeune femme 
coinçée entre les deux troupeaux comme une 
grenouille qui s'est trompée d'étang. 

En cinq minutes, tout le monde était dispersé et je 
me suis retrouvée, sans trop savoir comment, dehors, 
sur le merveilleux campus de McGill, toute im- 
prégnée du soleil de septembre. Un peu en avant sur 
le gazon, une fraternité quelconque vendait de la 
bière à cinquante cent. «Charmantes, ces fraternités 
à l'américaine, me dis-je en m'allongeant sur l'herbe, 
un verre de bière fraîche dans la main, faudra en 
parler aux autres universités. 

Tout-à-coup, une voix se fit entendre dans le loin- 
tain. Elle provenait d'un immense haut-parleur 
jonché sur le toît d'une camionnette. Elle se rap- 
procha de nous et je pus distinguer quelque chose qui 
ressemblait à: «They're red, they're rough, they're 
the Redmen». 

La camionnette s'immobilisa près du comptoir à 
bière. Six jeunes femmes déguisées en cheer leaders 
bondirent sur le pavé et se mirent à danser le French 
Can-Can en scandant des slogans vantant les mérites 
de l'équipe de football McGilloise. Je regardai 
autour de moi en espérant trouver les caméras et le 
réalisateur de ce film, ma foi, assez amusant. Quel- 
que chose comme une version canadienne de Animal 
House où nous devions jouer de notre mieux compte 
tenu que personne n'avait lu le scénario. 

«Essayons de bien jouer notre rôle» me dis-je en 


me dirigeant vers mon deuxième cours. On 
m'assignait sans doute celui de la jeune campagnarde 
fraîchement débarquée en ville. Je me faufilai donc 
dans la classe, sûre de moi, jusqu'aux premiers 
bancs, en plein coeur de l'action. La partie de mon 
cerveau chargée du maniement de la langue de Mor- 
dicai Richler s'était remise à marcher normalement et 
je compris que le professeur proposait un examen 
final comptant pour la totalité du cours tandis que 
certains étudiants courageux — sans doute des 
grands de deuxième — s'y opposaient. «Let's vote» 
m'écriais-je toute heureuse de pouvoir placer ma 
réplique. Il y eût quelques rires et le professeur fit 
comme s'il ne parlait pas anglais. Je compris que le 
film exigeait beaucoup de figurants mais très peu de 
jeunes premières. Je me mis donc à réciter le poème 
d'Aragon en attendant la fin du cours: 

La pièce était tellement drôle 
Tout changeait de peaux et d'épaules 
Moi si j'y tenais mal mon rôle 
C'était de n 'y comprendre rien n'y comprendre rien... C'était bien plus 
qu'une question de langue: c'était tout McGill qui 
m'échappait. Ça s'appelle «le choc culturel des 
premiers jours». On n'en meurt pas tous mais tous 
sont frappés, que l'on soit francophone, anglophone 
ou autrephone, à divers niveaux. J'ai connu une 
Libano-Québécoise qui allait pleurer dans les toilettes 
après chaque cours. «Ça m'a permis de connaître 
l'emplacement de toutes les toilettes des femmes du 
campus», me dit-elle en riant quelques mois plus 
tard. Au début, mon ami D... se promenait dans les 
couloirs en murmurant: «Hey les maudits anglais!». 
A la fin du semestre, il était en amour avec une jeune 
Albertaine. F... a quitté l'université après un an mais 
le facteur «culturel» n'était qu'une raison parmi tant 
d'autres... On se remet presque tous du «choc 
culturel des premiers jours», à plus ou moins brève 

L'Université elle-même offre plusieurs services 
pour l'amortir. Pendant l'année scolaire, des cours 
d'English as a second language de niveaux in- 
termédiaire et avancé se donnent au English and 
French Centerà 3438 McTavish. On doit préalable- 
ment écrire un test de placement qui a lieu au début 
septembre. Ces cours peuvent compter parmi les 
crédits de son bac jusqu'à concurence de six. Ils sont 
reposants et relativement faciles. On y apprend à 
écrire, à lire et à baragouiner l'anglais comme une 
seconde nature. 

Au pavillon Peterson, un peu plus haut sur la 
même rue, on peut suivre des cours de littérature 
française et québécoise, de linguistique et de traduc- 
tion jusqu'à en faire un bac. Une bonne partie des 
professeurs sont de vrais Français de France alors pas 
de danger de contamination. Il y avait évidemment 
cette jeune délinquante américaine qui avait tendance 
à parler un peu trop comme moi mais elle était une 
exception. (Un professeur lui aurait dit qu'il avait 
honte d'elle et qu'il lui défendait de révéler à quicon- 
que qu'elle avait étudié avec lui. Inutile de dire 
qu'elle est venue nous le raconter illico, entre les 
larmes et le fou rire.) 

Finalement, au 3475 Peel, se maintient, tant bien 
que mal, le Centre d'Etudes Canadiennes-Françaises 
que maîtres et étudiants aimeraient bien pouvoir ap- 
peler le Centre d'Etudes Québécoises. Ce «p'tit 
Québec en plein coeur du West Island» offre toute un 
panoplie de cours en français sur le Québec (pour 
tous, pas sur le Canada-Français) qui peuvent s'in- 
tégrer à un bac en économie, en littérature, en géo, en 
histoire, en science po ou en socio. Ces cours regrou- 
pent généralement un nombre restreint d'étudiants et 
le building a l'aspect d'une petite maison où il fait 
bon s'asseoir et discuter. 

Le Centre doit malheureusement faire face à de 
nombreuses dificultés depuis quelques années. Son 
budget a été coupé de près de 70% en dix ans alors 
que le nombre d'étudiants passait de 70 à 700 pen- 

dant la même période. Puis, l'année passée, les étu- 
diants du Centre on appris, entre les branches, qu'il 
serait probablement dissout pour devenir un simple 
programme. Les étudiants ont fait circuler une péti- 
tion et ont questionné le doyen de la Faculté des Arts 
jusqu'à ce que celui-ci leur dise qu'il n'avait nulle- 
ment l'intention de modifier le Centre, du moins pas 
l'année prochaine. 

En plus des cours offerts en français, les étudiants 
ont droit d'écrire leurs travaux et leurs examens en 
français. En général, les professeurs parlent la langue 
de Molière et comprennent relativement bien celle de 
Michel Tremblay. Il y a évidemment le cas du pro- 

fesseur qui fait corriger les travaux rédigés en 
français par sa femme mais celle-ci a tendance à être 
généreuse. Il y a aussi le professeur de C... qui lui a 
dit que son incapacité d'écrire l'anglais relevait d'un 
blocage intellectuel qu'il aurait intérêt à surmonter 
mais C... lui a répondu qu'il essaierait car le blocage 
de son interlocuteur face au français était sans doute 
insurmontable... et l'honneur fut sauf. 

Probablement plus important, il y a Pauline 
Vaillancourt, une ancienne prof de science po, qui af- 
firmait, en 1975, dans sa lettre de démission: «77je 
Political Science Department is Anti-Québécois. 
While such prejudice is manifested in every dimen- 
sion of academic life, some concrete examples 
observed over my four years of participation in 
departmental affairs illustrate the point. Québécois 

graduate students applying to the department must 
sho w greater merit than English students to be admit- 
ted. Justification for this informal policy, offered in 
response to my questioning it, was that "Fran- 
cophones should not take places that rightfully 
belong to the English. The French should go to their 
own universities" (Professor Sarf, member of 
graduate admissions committee). ..» 

Pourtant, après en avoir questionné plusieurs, il 
semblerait que les étudiants francophones ne se sen- 
tent pas traités avec plus de mépris que leurs col- 
lègues anglophones. Les uns et les autres apprennent 
assez tôt la signification de undergraduate: sous- 
développé. A partir de là, tout se passe comme dans 
la vraie vie: indépendemment de son origine social ou 
ethnique, c'est la loi du plus fort en thème. Quand on 
a peine à s'adapter, on fait comme les dinosaures et 
on s'éclipse du paysage sans bruit. 

Du côté des étudiants, il y a un peu de tout: des 
sympatisants de la cause indépendantiste, du 
fédéralisme renouvelé, du statu-quo, de la déporta- 
tion à St-Pierre et Miquelon, de l'avortement libre et 
gratuit pour la Princesse Diana et un bon nombre 
d'indifférents. Il y a même 20% de francophones de 
toutes les formes et de toutes les couleurs. Le 
pourcentage n'a pas sensiblement évolué depuis plus 
de cinq ans, quoique le français soit de plus en plus 
présent sur le campus, mais il est défendu de se 
demander pourquoi. 

La plus forte concentration d'étudiants fran- 
cophones se retrouve au campus MacDonald (près de 
40% de francophones), en administration (ce qui 
semble vouloir contredire la thèse de la Gazette selon 
laquelle, dans quelques années, les anglophones 
pourront reprendre les poste-clés en affaires 
puisqu'ils seront les seuls à parler les deux langues. 
La loi 101 aurait pour effet de nous rendre unilingue- 
ment idiots), et, paraît-il, en psychologie où certains 
cours offrent des conférences (remplaçant la 
troisième heure de cours chaque semaine) en 

En fait, les étudiants francophones sont partout: 
dans l'équipe de hockey (noblesse oblige!), au comité 
contre l'apartheid en Afrique du Sud, à la cafétéria, 
au pub, à la bibliothèque.. .etc. Ils sont venus à 
McGill pour toutes sortes de raisons: apprendre 
l'anglais, le cours ne se donne qu'à McGill (ex. 
météorologie), «juste pour voir», étudier à l'étranger 
sans déménager... etc. 

Ils n'ont pas d'association spécifique, quoiqu'un 
rigolo essaie toujours d'en partir une de temps en 
temps, mais ont droit à une édition hebdomadaire du 
McGill Daily (Canada's only Student Daily) en 
français. Cette édition est rédigée et montée par une 
petite équipe de francophones qui ont bien du mal à 
recruter de nouveaux volontaires. Elle paraît néan- 
moins fidèlement tous les mardis. On peut rejoindre 
l'équipe tous les lundis au local B-03 au sous-sol du 
Union Building sur McTavish. Le McGill Daily, pro- 
bablement mieux équipé en machines électroniques 
que Le Devoir, est sans doute la meilleure école de 
journalisme au Québec. (On-m'a promis $10.00 si je 
leur faisais de la publicité.) Tous y sont la bienvenue. 

Voilà. Nous avons à peu près fait le tour des avan- 
tages et désavantages, services et prévilèges que les 
francophones rencontrent à McGill. On s'y habitue 
très vite et, généralement, on fait très peu d'efforts 
pour les améliorer ou en demander de nouveaux. 
L'attitude est bien souvent: «On a choisi de venir à 
McGill alors contentons-nous de ce qu'ils nous of- 
frent si généreusement». Si l'on demande, par exem- 
ple, que les professeurs mentionnent et transfèrent à 
la reserve les lectures que l'on peut se proeûrer en 
français, on est écouté d'une oreille bienveillante et 
distraite jusqu'à ce qu'on désespère. 

Le «choc culturel des premiers jours» s'estompe et 
l'on fait notre petit bohomme de chemin jusqu'au 
diplôme, bien protégé sous le parapluie de la loi 101. 

XXX, smac, smac, bécot, bécot, bizou, bizou. 

— Lucie Masse 


Montréal 's Other Daily. 
The McGill Daily. 


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A life of quiet desperation 

Redpath Museum turns 100 

There is the stuff of legend in the memories 
of a childhood spent in elementary schools. 
For a Montréal-raised student such as 
myself, there is an indelible image of a 
rainy morning when my grade one class went on a 
field trip to the Redpath Museum of Natural History. 
It was about the time we were learning the lyrics to 
"Puff the Magic Dragon." On this day in the 
museum, there it was, barely ten yards below my 
soaked shoes, craning towards them, Puffs cousin I 
was sure, The Dinosaur. 

Redpath turned 100 this year, 12 years after it clos- 
ed its doors to the general public and the last elemen- 
tary student was awed by The Dinosaur, which has 
long since been shipped to the Museum of Man in Ot- 
tawa (actually a cast reproduction of a sloth was 
shipped — so much for legend). 

Redpath still stands majestically at the busiest in- 
tersection on the McGill campus, a museum now 
devoted solely to teaching and research, living a life 
of quiet desperation. Redpath is a bona fide universi- 
ty showcase begging to escape an enforced hiberna- 
tion. Its fate as a teaching museum may be sealed but 
there's still a people's museum just dying to get out. 

"Can't do both jobs well" 

It wasn't an easy job transforming Redpath in 
1970 from a public museum into one used exclusively 
for teaching and research. A university task force 
report on university spending demanded that both 
Redpath and McCord Museums drastically reduce 
their overheads, in an atmosphere of budget ra- 
tionalization and retrenchment similar to the one the 
university is currently roiling in. There were other 
ominous noises coming from the task force that the 
University wished to eliminate Redpath's display 
function altogether and use the building as a storage 
area for expanding collections. 

McGill Principals H. Rocke Robertson and Robert 
Bell received hundreds of letters from major 
museums and natural science societies such as the 
Smithsonian protesting the curtailment of Redpath's 
academic and public service functions. Said Alice 
Johannsen, Director of Redpath's operations, in 
1970: "We have considered many schemes, such as 
charging admission, but we must wait and see what 
university and government authorities have to say." 

No one came a calling on a white horse and Red- 
path quietly closed its doors. 

Prof. John Lewis, current Redpath Director, says 
12 years later, "I feel we can't do both (public and 
teaching) jobs well. We're too small to do both. We 
should do one or the other and do it well." Lewis ar- 
rived at the museum in 1970 after 15 years of work at 
the McGill's Bellair Research station in Barbados. As 
he says, the decision to eliminate Redpath's public 
function was a "fait accompli" by the time he came 
on the scene. "My job was to turn the museum into a 
teaching and research facility," says Lewis. 

"We carry our weight" 

A large part of the transformation involved gear- 
ing the displays to the courses that were to be taught 
at the museum. Gone were the display texts written 
for grade school students. 

"Few displays pre-date 1970," says Lewis. "Most 
have been updated for university teaching. They're 
now pitched too high for the general public' 

Also part of Lewis's job is defending a ten-person 
department that was once on the chopping block. In 
his office, Lewis speaks in the subdued, resigned 
tones of the commander of a besieged fortress. On 

the question of Redpath's vulnerability in these days 
of budget cuts, Lewis says, "I think we're pretty 
ifseful to the university. A lot of teaching and 
research goes on here. I think we carry our weight." 
And for the future? "It's hard to make predictions 
these days of anything great for the future. Still we're 
useful to the university for teaching and research and 
I think that justifies our existence." 

The feeling, however, is that Redpath should go 
placidly about its business of teaching and research 
and nothing more. Lewis estimates that Redpath is 
used by about ten per cent of the student body, in- 
cluding the biology, geology, and anthropology 
students from six departments in two faculties who 
have classes in Redpath. Graduate students have of- 
fices in the basement and Redpath is also open to 
visiting specialists. Artists are also allowed to drop in 
to sketch the stuffed birds, most of them dating from 
the museum's original collection. Occasionally the 
museum is visited by the odd student who's a bit 

Redpath Museum: Few McGill buildings have 
been designed with more Integrity. 

curious about this magnificent building. Without a 
McGill ID, however, you don't get in. 

A museum for kids 

That fact still pains many among the Redpath 
staff. Redpath's influence as a public museum from 
1890 until 1970 was so pervasive that it still hasn't 
been closed in the memories of many Montréalers. 
None of the staff, some against their better wishes, 
relishes answering calls from the public about Red- 
path's hours and having to turn away visitors who 
are always asking about The Dinosaur. 

For Ingrid Birker, cataloguer of vertebrate paleon- 
tology and irrepressible fan of the museum, it's 
especially difficult. She is the newest member of the 
Redpath staff, having arrived from the Royal On- 
tario Museum (The ROM) last November, and is still 
in thrall, "enchanted" she says, with the whole 
museum. While Birker isn't satisifed with Redpath's 
T&R mandate, she does the best she can in pro- 
moting the museum for McGill students. 

"It's the students' museum," Birker says. "People 
still come in and ask where the dinosaur is. The place 
was run for kids." 

After an hour spent with Birker following her 
around the displays and through the "Glory Hole" 
as she bears witness to the wonder of Redpath, it's 
difficult not to get caught up in the magic, the mysti- 
que of the building. 

"You can't put up banners" 

You try not to transmit these impressions to others 
— public relations is a very low priority for the 
museum. There is the impression, never Stated but 
often implied, that the university would be more than 
happy to keep Redpath under wraps for long time, as 
an antidote to the lingering aftertaste of its discon- 
tinued tradition. 

One gentleman, taken aback by the museum's re- 
cent unusual display of self-promotion (two orange 
banners on either side of the portals proclaiming its 
100th year) angrily confronted a staff member say- 
ing, "You can't put up banners if you're not open to 
the public." He has a point: How can Redpath call 

continued on next page 


continued from previous page 
attention to itself when the attention cannot be 

One would think it impossible to ignore the most 
distinguished building the campus has ever seen. In 
1921 the critic Ramsay Traquair called Redpath "a 
romantic vision of the Greek revival." 

"The general mass and proportion are fine even if 
the two columns of the front are a little garish and 
the entablature a little over-powering and out of 

John Bland, curator of the Canadian Architecture 
Collection in the Redpath Library, writes simply in 
his display in the museum lobby, "Few McGill 
buildings have been designed with more integrity." 

Indeed, Redpath is one of the few "onlys" this 
University has left: it was the first building in Canada 
built specifically to house a museum and to this day it 
is the only natural history museum in Québec; it has 
been declared a heritage building, meaning it will re- 
main in its present form until kingdom come; and 
finally, it is probably the only building on campus 
ever erected to keep a principal from leaving the 

Sir William and his museum 

The man who saw the need for a museum was Sir 
William Dawson, the first principal of McGill 
University. When Sir William arrived at McGill he 
inquired about any paleontological collection the 
university might possess, whereupon a fragment of 
common limestone coral was fished out of a drawer 
for his perusal. This would hardly suffice for a man 
who would become a leading North American 
authority on the Devonian period. 

Peter Redpath, scion of the Redpath Sugar family 
and the major McGill benefactor in the 19th century, 
took it upon himself to fulfill Sir William's long-held 
desire for a museum. In April 1880, on the occasion 
of the 25th anniversary of Dawson's appointment as 
principal, Redpath announced his intention to build 
a museum for the greater benefit of paleontologists 
and to house Sir William's enormous collection of 
birds, fossils, shells, and much more. 

It's difficult to look askance at Redpath's 
generosity yet it was clear at the time that Sir 
William, an academic of wide renown, was consider- 
ing moving on to another position at another univer- 
sity. The perk of a museum to house his extensive 
collection was too lucrative a bribe to turn down. 

The museum opened to great fanfare in 1882 with 
a grand ball on the second floor for the American 
Academy for the Advancement of Science, the first 
AAA meeting to be held outside the U.S. 

From private to public 

Redpath served as a major lecture facility for the 
university, especially for the required geology course 
taught by Sir William himself. In 1890 Redpath 
opened its doors to the public, initiating a tradition 
of public service which touched many Montréalers 
and almost every grade school student in the pro- 
vince. It isn't clear why the University waited eight 
years to open Redpath's doors, although it did take 
some time to catalogue Sir William's collection and 
put it on display. 

Most students discovered Redpath on the tradi- 
tional museum field-trips but there were thousands 
of others -scattered in every corner of the province 
who had visits from Redpath's traveling roadshow. 
The museum had an education division which was 
staffed by volunteers and put together portable ex- 
hibits, traveling kits and took students on the pre- 
arranged tours through the museum. 

Although the young ones don't come around, 
anymore the Redpath staff relics on and gratefully 
welcomes student volunteers from all faculties to 
help them with preparing and maintaining displays 
and artifacts. As one way to reach out to McGill 
students, Birkcr has prepared a special display case 
. 1 

on the second floor to be used exclusively for the 
private exhibits of students. 

"The cases are reserved for students' collections or 
for displays on a natural history, ethnology or ar- 
chaeology themes. I've put some FOR RENT signs 
up to publicize it," says Birkcr. 

The pride and the Glory Hole 

As in other McGill departments, the Redpath staff 
can't help chewing over the museum and the politics 
therein. Still, as Joan Kaylor, Redpath minerologist 
(geology technician), says, "We should talk about 
the freedom that we do have. There are times when I 
can work here all night. You just do what you think 
needs doing in your own department. I don't know 
any other work place where you can do that." 

lection of crustaceans, crabs, corals, mollusks and 
other invertebrates. As we tour his crescent shaped 
research room on the third floor, with meticulously 
arranged shelves of shells behind glass, Conde engag- 
ingly describes his job and the work he has done on 
the shell collection: 

"I enjoy the 'arge collection we have here, my part 
in teaching programs and in continuing the work Sir 
William Dawson started and developed. 

"I'm quite proud of the world-wide collection we 
have here. My own contribution was in building up a 
collection weak in specimens from the Carribean and 
Florida...I've gone diving in the Carribean and 
Florida and dredging in deep water to find the shells 
I still dive for shells on holidays." 

The fossils Conde has catalogued date from the 
pre-Cambrian to 550 million years ago. The Under- 

Vincent Conde at the scope: A dandy who stayed and styed and stayed. 

It's a common theme expressed by staff members 
interviewed, this tremendous devotion to and pride in 
their jobs and an overcoming desire to let more peo- 
ple know about their work and the museum. Kaylor's 
co-workers tout her as a superb gemologist and she 
talks about inviting students in to have their gems ap- 

One of Kaylor's kibitzers is Kay Zahn, curator of 
the anthropological/ethnological division. Zahn is 
one of more seasoned staff at Redpath even after on- 
ly three years. She has gained enough confidence 
from the director that she now teaches an indepen- 
dent study course in ethnology and artifact conserva- 
tion for four credits. As she sees it her job is a simple 
one: "It involves researching the collection, caring 
for it, giving people answers, cleaning toilets and get- 
ting into teaching." 

• "I've got shrunken heads people go wild over," 
she says. "The Royal Vic is doing all sorts of research 
on them." 

None of the Redpath staff is more of the ham than 
Vincent Conde, who has been at the museum for 32 
1/2 years. A wiry, grey-haired, dandy of a gentleman 
(although he would shy from that last description), 
Conde came to McGill in 1950 as a student from 
Cuba to work on the Philip Carpenter shell collection 
with Dr. Catherine Palmer of Cornell University. He 
was supposed to stay for just three months. 

"They asked me to stay and stay and stay...," says 

As curator of the invertebrate collection Conde 
identifies, catalogues, and adds to an enormous col- 

wood typewriter he keeps as a memento of his days a 
a student is of World War II vintage. 

From Conde's office its three flights down to th 
Glory Hole where the real vintage artifacts arc kep 
Ingrid Birker is the guide through the basement c 
the museum, a virtual storehouse of history, fro: 
papyrus (an Egyptologist comes from the ROM i 
read it) to every genus of bird (except the Australia 
tinamou) on the planet. 

On our circuitous route through the basement v 
pass a catatonic iguana named Arthur, a fastidioi 
South African dagu named Mary, and the desk ( 
Dr. Thomas Clarke, former Redpath director fro: 
the post-war until 1956. Dr. Clarke, 87, has bec 
cataloguing the museum's invertebrate collectic 
starting with the pre-Cambrian period, a task worrt 
of Sisyphus which he figures should be completed \ 
the year 2010, at which time he believes he will ha 
to start over again. 

Down into the heart of Redpath 

If identifying and cataloguing the minutac i 
paleontology is the curator's eternal task, the Glo 
Hole is the final frontier as far as Redpath is concert 
ed. The Hole is an antiquer's dream and a Freudia 
fantasy — anal retcntives would revel in it. There a 
at least a hundred of boxes down there, many < 
them artifacts in their own right, filled with stuff* 
birds, shells, fossils. Some of them haven't bc< 
disturbed since Sir William's day. 

MFor years while the museum was public we didn 
look at the collection," says Birker. "It was piled i 



the dirt in Glory Hole and we have no idea what's 
down here."' 

Glory Hole could be any furnace room in a large 
building. The boxes are piled on sturdy grey 
warehouse shelves now, a direct link to Sir William, 
still lost in time. They say they have no idea what's in 
there. For someone with Birker's imagination it 
could be anything. If the building has a heart, this is 
where you find it. 

Lying pell mell in the aisles are more artifacts, such 
as a whale vertebra given to the museum by a student 
from Long Island who had to return home. There is 
also a plaster cast of a huge fossil with a hole in it. 
That marks the spot where the cast fell on a curator's 
head as she was mucking through the Hole. 

"The artifacts won't decompose but time is crucial 
for the ethnological material which deteriorates 
quickly when it isn't stored in proper cabinets with 
acid-free paper," says Birker. In keeping with her 
crusade to make Redpath a students' museum, Birker 
happily offered Glory Hole to any students who want 
to help discover exactly what's down there. 

Will Redpath become an artifact 

Ever since it closed its doors to the public, Redpath 
has had to declare fiscal loyalty to the University. 
Redpath is funded by the University on the condition 
that it stay closed to the public but it cannot receive 
grant money from the government for the same 
reasons. The provincial government had been con- 
sidering building a museum of natural history in 
Québec City or Montréal but with arts and culture 
getting short shrift these days those plans are on 

"There is a group of natural history museums in 
places like Rimouski and the Gaspé, museums for the 

Left and right: Joan Kaylor, Kay Zahn, Ingrid 

people," says Director Lewis. "We were asked if we 
would be willing to help (with a new museum) either 
as consultants or with loans of specimens. Naturally 
we would be more than glad to do so." 

Vincent Conde is the staff member who feels 
strongest about keeping Redpath closed. "It wasn't 
convenient to have a museum full of children during 
lectures," he says. Later he describes how he believes 

the situation should be resolved: "The proper thing 
would be for the city to erect a museum and we 
would back it up to the full extent of our capacity." 

Despite what should be a banner year for the 
museum, Redpath's standing is likely to decline as 
the elegant and painfully chic McCord Museum is be- 
ing marketed with zeal by its new director. "In the 
next five years you won't hear anything but the Mc- 
Cord Museum," says Kay Zahn resignedly. 

"To think that we're the only natural history 
museum in Québec and the public knows it," adds 
Joan Kaylor. 

Reach out and touch Redpath 

The phone calls every day certainly prove that 
point. If there's one element missing in the story it's 
the 90 per cent of the student body that has never 
visited Redpath or even McCord. Aside from the ex- 
hibits, Redpath's architectural splendor is hard to ig- 
nore and the story behind the museum is even more 
enticing. The orange banners you'll pass every day 
between classes represent as far as the university will 
allow Redpath to reach out to the public. 

A prodigal son's review of a return' to Redpath at 
100 might go as follows: The Dinosaur is gone but 
the new show stopper is the Lady of Thebes, an 
Egyptian mummy restored by Kay Zahn and resting 
in stately repose in the Redpath lobby. The exhibits 
may be wordier than you remember them and the 
halls arc much quieter. The Glory Hole is still begg- 
ing for someone to rummage through it. Not many 
crowds these days. 

Ingrid Birker is waiting with open arms. Redpath is 
waiting in quiet desperation. 

—Brahm Resnik 



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Strolling on campus 

Autumn is the best season to enjoy the glory 
of M cGill's downtown campus and the sur- 
rounding area. Our campus is one of the 
last major green spaces left in the 
downtown area and as the McGill College Avenue 
building boom continues apace, the juxtaposition of 
the open space of the lower campus and the steel and 
glass-walled corridors below it will only become more 

Of course it was not always this way. When James 
McGill bequeathed his 46 acre Burnside "country" 
estate for the founding of the Royal Institute for the 
Advancement of Learning (otherwise known as 
McGill University) in the mid-1 800s concrete slab 
construction was not yet even a nightmarish twinkle 
in Jules Vernes' eye. 

The University has played an unforgivable part in 
the aesthetic deterioration of this fair isle. Where 10 
years ago there stood elegant Victorian greystones 
there is now the Bronfman building. Only in the past 
five years has McGill taken a relatively firm stand on 
protecting its immediate environment. There are still 
plans floating around which call for the rape of 
McGill properties. McGill's new enlightened attitude 
was behind the conditions it placed on the sale of 
Strathcona Hall and two greystones on what is now 
the site of Place Mercantile (on the south-east corner 
of McGill College Ave. and Sherbrooke. 

The facades of four charming 1860s era greystones 
on Sherbrooke facing lower campus were to be 
preserved and incorported into the new tower as was 
Strathcona Hall. This charming building, which used 
to occupy the crater on the corner, was to be incor- 
porated in its entirety into the original Place Mercan- 
tile project. In one of those increasingly common 
twists of fate Strathcona's foundation was found to 
be too rotten to the core, a danger as they say. So it 
pulled a Humpty Dumpty and fell down to the 

ground. If you look carefully you can probably still 
see some 78-year old Strathcona Hall dust lingering 
on the edges of the sidewalk. 

Le Campus itself 

Those who have visited other, newer Canadian 
campi are no doubt glad that McGill has pledged to 
keep architectural assaults on its students' refined ur- 
ban sentivitics to a minimum. 

It is along Sherbrooke St. that the worst crimes 
have been committed in the past. 

The Bronfman building has more than once been 
unofficially nominated as the ugliest building on 
campus. McLennan Library and Burnside Hall are 
no beauty queens either. But compared to the subur- 
ban self-absorption of the York University campus 
we are well off. 

Everyone notices the Roddick Gates. Those portals 
to knowledge are not "original" McGill equipment, 
however. They were erected in 1924 to honor Sir 
Thomas George Roddick. In the Mount Royal 
Cemetery there is in fact a tomb endowed with an 
economy sized model of the Roddick Gates. 

A little further east along Sherbrooke is the Mc- 
Cord Museum. The original McGill (student) Union, 
it was built in 1907 and donated to the University by 
Sir William McDonald. The old Union was the scene 
of many a smoker and afternoon jazz tea where 
McGill men entertained the young co-eds of Royal 
Victoria College. 

The McCord Museum is one of the last buildings 
on Sherbrooke Street which hints at this avenue's 
heyday as the residential, high-class, bring-around- 
the-Rolls-Royce-sleigh-if-you-would, James, thank- 
you, street in Montreal. This building was thcepicen- 
tre of student life at McGill until the new University 

Centre (note how everyone still calls the new building 
"the union") was opened in the mid-sixties. 

Percy Nobbs was, as he was for so much of the 
campus, the principal architect. McGill's master 
builder also designed the interior decorations and 
furnishings of the Union. 

Arts and Sciences 

The original Arts building, the first University 
building on campus, sits at the top of the avenue 
which leads uphill from the Roddick Gates. In fact 
only the facade and the cupola are original équipent, 
dating back to the original 1839 construction. The 
columns were added later when more cash was 
scraped together. The porch above the entrariceway 
was wood until the mid- 1920s when it was replaced 
by stone, another in the long list of alterations to the 
always evolving Arts building. 

The area around the Arts building was and still is 
the hub of the university. The Redpath Museum was 
finished in 1882, another splendid addition to the 
then uncrowded campus. A more detailed look at this 
intriguing institution can be found elsewhere in the 
Handbook. Redpath Hall, another gift to the univer- 
sity from Peter Redpath, has been restored in a kind- 
ly manner. This was the start of the McGill library 
system which has expanded in leaps and bounds over 
the years down towards Sherbrooke Street. 

Morrice Hall, the aging doyenne of McTavish, is 
currently undergoing a long-overdue slap of the 
paint-brush and sweep of the broom. When the 
renovations arc completed in August 1983 the 
building will house the Tuesday Night Café theatre 

continued on next page 

continued from prtWou» piff* 

and expanded dressing rooms and technical facilities 
on the ground floor, and the Islamic Studies depart- 
ment and library on the first and second floor. The 
building was originally used by the Presbyterian Col- 

The Leacock Building, the smoked glass aberra- 
tion which so many of us call home, is one of the 
more recent additions to the McGill campus. For 
reasons which fail us now, this building was hailed as 
a marvel when it appeared in 1963. Others find it 
dark, ugly, and forbidding. 

The east side of campus is the home of many 
young, eager, calculator decked McGill scientists. 
The MacDonald Engineering building is another Per- 
cy Nobbs creation. It was built on the foundations of 
the original building after a 1907 fire. 

The Macdonald Physics and MacDonald- 
Harrington Chemistry buildings were constructed in 
the 1890s. The Physics building is one of the few re- 
maining large buildings in the city built entirely of 
wood and masonry. Steel would have interfered 
(magnetically you understand) with the delicate ex- 
periments taking place within the confines of this 
elegant edifice. The building now houses the Physical 
and Earth Sciences Area Library, arguably the most 
pleasant library environment on campus. 

McGill also owns and uses a number of townhouse 
type buildings on the streets bordering the campus 

v. KJ 

proper. There are a number of mansions on the nortl 
side of campus which were, for the most part, wille 
to McGill. Thank Goodness, among other people 
that these buildings remain standing and were no 
reduced to rubble for the sake of some misguide 
planners' vision of a new and improved concrete cd 

Of the elderly buildings with which McGill was < 
municificently endowed a few stand out as ro 

The Centre for Northern Studies and Researc 
lives in Purvis Hall, a magnificent Beaux-An 
building on the corner of Pine and Peel. It was a gi 
from Arthur Purvis hence the name Purvis Hal 
Logic is a pleasing thing. 

At the corner of Peel and Dr. Penfield th 
Chancellor Day Hall, home of the Law Faculty, lit 
in stately repose. (We are excluding the newer gr< 
adjunct to the old Hall.) The limestone and sam 
stone of these two stolid houses and the expanse < 
green (or white) which surrounds them almost maki 
this stretch of Dr. Penfield bearable. The hous 
were the homes of the Ross family, father and soi 

But enough about us. What of the city which li 
beyond the McGill frontier. Read on dear readc 
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Students' Society: it's just a scream! 

"Students' Council represents the student body on 
and beyond the campus both politically and material- 
ly. Through the Students' Society, Council runs a 
variety of services, including the cafeteria, the pub, 
the Union building itself, a number of vending 
machine cafeterias, and Sadie's tabagies. 

"Council is also the final legislative instance and 
the 'clearing house' for money for the various clubs 
... (it) acts on the students' behalf in relations with 
the administration." 

The lines above, taken from a Students' 
Society PR handout distributed last year, 
are about all most McGill students ever 
learn about the Society, an organization 
which every year collects $32.00 from every 
undergraduate attending the university, and then 
goes to great lengths to sel! itself to its market. 

Few are likely to make it through this year without 
a look at a Student's Society pamphlet, poster, PR 
tabloid or other product outlining the many services 
and benefits provided by the organization. However, 
Official information provided from these official 
sources (officialness is very In with the Society this 
year) tends to be a little sketchy about the Society's 
past. An unfortunate gap, because to be able to 
evaluate why the Society behaves the way it does and 
is set up the way it is, we have to know its 

This article, then, is a modest attempt to add detail 
to this year's sales job. 

As far as can be garnered from scant sources, the 
original idea for a "Students' Society" at McGill 
came out of the Alma Mater Society in 1906. 
Undergraduates were unbecomingly rowdy, and 
something was needed to distract them. A Students' 
Council of their very own, it was thought, was just 
the thing to constructively re-channel youthful 
spirits. A Students' Society was the university's way 
to provide its charges with bread and circuses, the 
better to keep the peace on campus. 

McGill University moved on the proposal in 1908, 
sponsoring the election of a "Student Executive 
Council" to oversee social events. The university 
agreed to collect a mandatory Society fee from every 
student (read every male undergraduate), and in 1909 
it finalized the job by recognizing the Students' 
Society as the sole spokesperson for its membership 
in all matters great and small. Given that students 
would have no say in the university's decision- 
making bodies for over 50 years, in 1909 the business 
of the Students' Society was mainly small. 

The basic structure and activities of the Society 
laid down in 1908 remained in place through to the 
1960s. Structurally, the Society was overseen by its 
Student Executive Council, composed of elected 
representatives drawn from the Society's component 
student departmental associations. Its activities con- 
sisted mainly of haggling over the budgets and efforts 
of associated clubs and groups: the university band, 
athletics council, debating union, variety show, year- 
book and, beginning in 1911, a daily campus 

Over the decades, controversies would occasional- 
ly ripple out from council. For years students fought 
over whether or not women should be admitted to the 
Society. Eventually they were, in 1931. 

In 1936 there was a brief debate over the support 
given by the Students' Society and the McGill Daily 
to a nationwide student anti-war petition. 

In 1946 the Society was scrambling to help return- 
ing World War II veterans find housing so that they 
could attend university. The same year the Society 
had to fend off partly-justified charges that it had 
been infiltrated by a wing of the Soviet-line Canadian 
Communist Party. 

Things got a little more interesting in the 1960s, 
when the Students' Society started to take an interest 
in the way the university was run. The sixties were a 
raucous time in Québec as elsewhere; not even the 
McGill Students' Society could witness the Quiet 
Revolution without a token rise in blood pressure. 
For a short time in the late '60s and early '70s, 
McGill students mobilized (sort of) behind a 
Students' Society which was now talking about 
McGill as an outdated and elitist university, one that 
needed to be radically changed. McGill should 
become "relevant," the Society said, a people's 
university with things to say about community 
organizing, co-operation, union management, and 
other people-oriented topics. More radical still, 
McGill should be run by the people it was supposed 
to be serving, the Students' Society said — it should 
be run by students. 

Life became complicated for university ad- 
ministrators when the Society took an interest in their 
affairs. There were teach-ins and sit-ins and garbage- 
ins as McGill students variously debated their desire 
to take over the university, tried to do it, and sup- 
ported striking McGill employees. 

It was, however, a brief moment. The wind was 
taken out of "student movement" sails when the 
university granted token student representation on 

the Board of Governors, Senate, and in selected 
departmental committees. 

When the sound and fury died down, the old 
Students' Society remained. McGill University kept 
collecting its fee, a Students' Executive Council was 
still elected from among the faculties every year, 
clubs (in growing numbers) monopolized attention, 
and the Society looked after the Union building. The 
organization circa 1974-75 was recognizably the one 
the Alma Mater Society proposed six years after 
Queen Victoria died, and was returning increasingly 
to its original purpose — providing bread and cir- 
cuses to students. 

No doubt administrators breathed a sigh of 
relief when the smoke cleared. Now the 
Society would go back to doing what it was 
supposed to do. 
Well, it tried. 

Unfortunately, a small management problem grew 
into a big management problem just as "responsible 
students" began to replace radicals on council. The 
affair which unraveled in the mid-70's is worth recall- 
ing in detail, because out of it would emerge the pre- 
sent Students' Society priorities and structure. 

It was traditionally the Students' Society's respon- 
sibility to pay for most of the maintenance and 
upkeep of the Student Union building. The Society 
had paid most of the bills for the old Union building 
on Sherbrooke Street, and continued to do so when it 
moved to its present quarters on McTavish. 

As it happened, the Society won a student fee in- 
crease (to $24 per student) at about the same time it 
moved to its new digs, in 1964. The Society thus had 
lots of money to handle its new facilities, particularly 
since rising enrollment through the 60's would inflate 
the pay-off from the fee hike year by year. 

Unfortunately for the Students' Society, it was 
never able to win another fee hike from its members. 
In the 1970s, McGill's enrollment stopped growing 
and so did the Society's revenue, at a time when it 
started to get rapidly more expensive to run the 
Union building. It was plain from the figures that if 
the Society couldn't increase its revenues, 
maintenance costs would eventually crowd out 
everything else the Society did, bringing about its col- 

Still more unfortunately, the financial crisis in- 
herent in this situation came to a head during the 
term of a student executive which was incompetent 
even by Students' Society standards. 

continued on next page 


r i- ; : ..... ... 

'...The Society as it is now is not worth supporting." 

continued from previous page 

The "Action Executive" of President Andrew 
Yearwood started its year off, in the fall of 1975, 
promising to fight for better daycare on campus and 
to bring about major renovations in the Union 
building. Not much was done about daycare, but in 
the first weeks of September work began with a 
vengeance on renovations. 

At a Students' Council meeting September 24th, 
Society Vice President Robert D'Amato, financial 
wiz and Union building co-ordinator of the Ac- 
tionExec, reported that McGill expected to collect 
$310,000 in fee revenue for the Society. Out of this 
amount, $178,000 was needed to maintain the Union 
building. Another $101 ,000 was needed to pay the 
Society's full-time comptroller, building manager, 
secretary-treasurer, bookkeeper, and other office 
staff. That left $31,000 to distribute to clubs, which 
together had filed budget requests totalling $399,000. 
Needless to say, there was no money for renovations. 

Faced with the prospect of having to extinguish 
most of its clubs and activities, the ActionExec called 
an emergency council meeting for Saturday, 
September 27th, after councillors had had a few days 
to think about the numbers, to discuss a snap fee in- 
crease referendum. 

Dean of Students Saeed Mirza, observing the pro- 
ceedings, gave the first hint that McGHPs administra- 
tion was taking an interest in the Society's affairs 
when he said, "If the referendum fails I promise to 
get my colleagues to discuss what would then be a 
true crisis." 

With that as incentive, council approved a fee 
referendum for later in the semester. In the mean- 
time, clubs would be financed partly out of a 
$175,000 "reserve fund" the Society had stashed 
away for rainy days. 

Little work, however, ever got done on a fall 1975 
fee referendum, because in ensuing weeks the Action 
Executive proceeded to fall apart. 

First, President Yearwood was found to 
have hired his brother to replace a security 
guard who had quit, but hired him for the 
wrong shift, since different work hours 
than the departed guard worked were more conve- 
nient for brother Yearwood. 

The Union building renovations were scuttled for 
lack of funds. Shortly afterward, it was revealed that 
the company retained to clean up the Radio McGill 

offices was a fly-by-night operation working out of 
its owner's apartment. Better yet, the fly-by-nighter 
had been grossly overpaid ($11,000 in 1975 dollars) 
for inferior work. 

"Look at thge paint job they did," said Building 
Manager David Albins. "they ruined the floors by 
not covering them. There was no way they were pro- 

Events unfolded: 
•Albins resigned as building manager, saying that the 
executive was keeping him in the dark about deci- 
sions directly related to his job, the Radio McGill 
renovations being a case in point. Albins was also bit- 
ter about Yearwood hiring his brother for the wrong 
shift as a security guard. 

•The fallout from these events seems to have had a 
bad effect on Executive morale. In a letter published 
in the October 29th edition of the McGill Daily, 
Yearwood wrote that his problems were the product 
of student apathy: 

"The purpose of this letter is not to persuade you 
to vote for an increase in the Students' Society fee 
because it is my opinion, as well as that of the 
members of the executive, that the Society as it is 
now is not worth supporting." 

•On October 30th, VP Internal David D'Amato 
resigned, saying he was unhappy with his position 
and "didn't want to be a hindrance to the fee hike" 
which now seemed unlikely to happen. 

•Yearwood had Council appoint one Albert 
Seidler to temporarily succeed D'Amato as VP Inter- 
nal. Asked if there would be a by-election to fill the 
post permanently, Yearwood replied that a by- 
election would be "a farce and a waste of time." 
Coincidently, Seidler had run unsuccessfully for the 
VP Internal job the previous spring on Yearwood's 

Slate * ... * T— 

•On Monday, November 13th, the Action Ex- 
ecutive summarily fired a woman always referred to 
as Mrs. Caron, a full-time employee who served as 
assistant to Society Comptroller Tom Cross. 

"Mrs. Caron demonstrated a very low level of 
competence and works very slowly," explained 
Society VP External and ActionExec member 
Kyriakos Matziorinis. 

•Comptroller Tom Cross promptly resigned. 
"They hurt Mrs. Caron, they hurt Mr. Albins, and I 
didn't want any part of it. I didn't want to get hung 
for something else by them," said Cross. 

The Executive was now in deep trouble, because 
with Cross gone, there was nobody left to issue 
checks for the Students* Society. As a result, it 
wouldn't be able to issue its payroll, couldn't pay its 
bills, nor finance the activities of its clubs. 

Yearwood asked Dean of Students Mirza to lend 
the Society the services of Mirza's assistant, Sadie 
Hcmpey (namesake of the tabagies). Hcmpey had 
been Society comptroller for years before moving to 
the Dean of Students Office in 1972. "Three weeks 
ago, they asked me to keep my nose out of their af- 
fairs," Hempey grumbled. "But when they're in 
trouble they always come to me." Mirza refused to 
release her. 

Yearwood then appealed to McGill Vice-Principal 
(Finance) McColl to lend the Society an employee to 
help straighten out the mess left by Cross' resigna- 
tion. After some hesitation, McColl agreed to lend 
the Society the services of an administration internal 
auditor for a few days. • 

An eventful week. 

There were now a lot of people in the Union 
building who had lost all patience with the Action 
Executive. One of these was Daily editor George 

That Saturday he convoked a meeting of perhaps a 
dozen people involved in the Daily and other clubs 
and organizations ("an ad hoc committee" in the 
pages of the Daily; "the basement clique" in the 
. lingo of the Action Executive). They discussed the 
plight of the Students' Society, and came up with 
what they thought would be a solution. 

Monday, November 17th, Kopp and the 
basement clique had a letter ready foi 
McGill Principal Bell. It urged the univer- 
sity administration to suspend the 
Students' Society constitution, to take over iu 
business operations (the union building), and to set 
up a fact-finding committee of 5 students and 4 
academics to review the structure of the Society ant 
to propose reforms. The basement clique asked the 
Principal to reply by Thursday, at which time there 
would be an open meeting of students to approve the 
suspension of the constitution and to elect the fact 
finding committee. 

President Yearwood endorsed the action. "I would 
like to see this happen,' he said. "The executiv 


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"Nobody else had any ideas, except Dean Mirza..." 

shouldn't be involved in these day-to-day things. I 
see my job as concentrating on PR work... Profes- 
sionals should take care of the money and leave the 
politics to the executive." 

That week the Dean of Students finally released 
Sadie Hempey, and she stepped in as temporary com- 
ptroller. The Society's paralysis was thus relieved, 
and the Dean of Students Office had taken over the 
Society's finances. 

No reply to the basement clique's letter was im- 
mediately forthcoming from the principal; Yearwood 
returned home to Barbados for "personal reasons", 
and the open meeting had to be delayed a week, to 
November 25th. 

A week passed. 

The day of the open meeting, the Daily printed the 
basement clique's resolution with a banner headline 
on its front page; the revised program called for the 
Action Executive's resignation. It also proposed the 
formation of a "management committee", to be 
made up of the various fired and resigned Society 
employees, which would run the Society's business. 
An "investigative committee" (6 students, 3 pro- 
fessors, 2 non-academic McGill staff) would review 
the Society's structure. 

Despite the front-page publicity, the open meeting 
attracted only eleven attendees (300 were needed to 
make the meeting's decisions binding on the Society, 
under the old Society constitution). Debate at the 
meeting was circular and inconclusive; the lack of 
quorum put an end to the basement clique's solution 
to the Society's crisis. 

Nobody else had any ideas, except Dean of 
Students Mirza. He had attended the open meeting, 
seen it fail to get quorum, and took matters into his 
own hands. At a University Senate meeting the next 
day, he gave notice of motion to suspend the 
Society's constitution. 

At its meeting December 10, 1975, Senate approv- 
ed Mirza's motion without amendment. Under the 
terms of the resolution, Students' Council's powers 
were suspended, re-distributed to an "interim 
management committee" chaired by Mirza to run the 
Union building, and an "interim policy committee" 
of student club and faculty representatives to do 
nothing in particular. A "Committee to Re-structure 
the Students' Society," with six students, three pro- 
fessors and two non-academic McGill staff, was set 
up to try to come up with a new constitution. 

The Students' Society had thus been abolished, 
replaced by three Senate sub-committees. 

The Students* Society remained abolished for a 
year and a half. During the winter of 1976, the three- 
committee arrangement stood, with the "Committee 
to Re-structure the Students' Society" holding 
sporadic public hearings, while the other two ad- 
ministered the Union building. Over the summer, the 
"Interim Policy Committee" collapsed, and 
McGill's administration replaced it with an ap- 
pointed trustee, Sam Kingdom Activities in the 
Union building were severely restricted through the 
fall of 1976 while efforts were being made to come up 
with a new constitution. 

The thinking among the majority of the members 
on the committee to restructure the Society apparent- 
ly ran along the lines of the unfortunate president, 
Andrew Yearwood. Yearwood had said that he saw 
his role as "concentrating on PR work" while "the 
money" should be left to professionals. The commit- 
tee to restructure the Society agreed, although it was 
polite enough to phrase its analysis a little different- 

The problem with the old Society, it was agreed, 
was that its financial affairs were too complex to be 
left as completely in the hands of elected students as 
they had been. 

Thus, the draft constitution which the majority of 
the Committee to Restructure the Students' Society 
finally tabled in the middle of the Fall 1976 semester 
was set up to provide the maximum amount of 
stability to the new improved Students' Society — 
which in practice meant a minimum amount of stu- 
dent input into the Society's non-PR activities. 

The principal means used to accomplish this objec- 
tive was the introduction of a full-time "Executive 
Director" into the Society. All day-to-day authority 
over personnel, finances, and business administra- 
tion was to be taken away from the student executive 
and assigned to this person, who would then be ac- 
countable to the new Students' Council. 

Another innovation was the establishment of a 
"joint management committee" to prepare draft 
budgets for Council's approval and to deal with 
policy relating to the Union building. Again, the ob- 
ject was to take decision-making authority away 
from the student executive and to transfer it to a 
more reliable body. 

The joint management committee has students on 
it (notably the Students' Society's Vice President 
Finance), but also has Society employees and a 
representative of the administration. 

A final innovation on the part of the Committee 
majority was the abolition of student open meetings. 
Under the old constitution, an open meeting attended 
by 300 students could override decisions taken by the 
student executive or students' council. The new 
regime stressed stability, and a mechanism whereby 
an assembly of students could override the Executive 
Director or the Joint Management Committee seem- 
ed dangerously anarchic. It was quietly done away 

A "minority report," drafted by one student 
member of the Committee, proposed that the old 
Students' Society structure be preserved in all of its 
essentials. When the majority report and the minori- 
ty report were put to student referendum November 
30, 1976, however, 60 per cent of the 3,000 students 
who voted opted for the majority report. 

Senate gave its final blessing to the new Society 
constitution after an extended debate on March 9, 
1977. Elections were then held to create a new 
Students' Council and executive, the administration 
found new people to assume the positions of ex- 
ecutive director, comptroller and the rest of the 
Society office staff, and beginning in June 1977, the 
Students' Society we now know was off and running. 

Six student executives have been elected 
since the new Students' Society was put 
together by Senate committees. In thumb- 
nail survey, we can say the following about 
how they have dealt with the PR orientation assigned 
to them by the new structure. The executives led by 
Presidents Terry Reed (1977-1978) and Gary Eisen 
(1978-1979) played along; "student politics" and 
club budgets occupied the executive and council, 
while an accelerating Union building business expan- 
sion was worked out by the executive director and 
joint management committee. Students had input but 
not control over the details of their association's non- 
PR affairs. 

The executive of President John MacBain 
(1979-1980) reached for and got more hands-on con- 
trol of Society business affairs. Fortunately, from the 
point of view of executive director Ron Lerman and 

eontlnuad on page 39 


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Banking in Montréal can be a problem for 
students new to the city and foreign 
students in particular. Retrieving your cash 
from a financial establishment is often 
more complicated than you expect. 

The registered banks have a policy of freezing 
funds, especially when they are in the form of per- 
sonal or government cheques. When you open your 
account, it is best to make your first deposit in cash. 
Personal cheques drawn from other Canadian banks 
are held for an average of five days while cheques 
from the United States or abroad take from 15 days 
to over a month at the Bank of Commerce before 
they are cleared. 

Worse yet, you can have your cheque sent on col- 
lection, in which case your money may be on hold for 
as long as two months. 

At the Bank of Montréal, all new accounts are 
frozen for one month, and further deposits during 
that time for ten days. Government cheques are un- 
predictable because the government can return them 
at any time. 

Although it is advisable to present cash.this too 
can be risky. Bank money orders are a good idea, as 
are traveller's cheques. 

When opening an account, try to speak to the 

manager and explain your situation. References are a 
point in your favor and acceptable identification 
should be brought along. Most banks in the McGill 
area will accept the McGill card with some other 
recognized I.D. 

It should be kept in mind that when depositing a 
personal cheque at any time, you must have suffi- 
cient funds in your account to cover the amount of 
the cheque. Otherwise you are likely to to have your 
money frozen for about ten days. 

Foreign students can avoid many problems by 
planning before they arrive at McGill and locating 
banks near their homes which correspond with the 
major Montréal banks. Most major banks have an 
international network which makes transferring of 
funds much simpler. 

If you do plan to use a bank, there are different ad- 
vantages from one to another. Most offer true sav- 
ings, daily interest, and chequing accounts, of differ- 
ing varieties. 

The Caisse Populaire differs from other major 
banks in that each branch has a slightly different 
policy. Each Caisse is an autonomous co-operative. 

Basic interest rates and rules for opening accounts 
are the same, and 95 percent of the branches are link- 
ed by an Inter-Caisse. The maximum withdrawl via 
this service is $500. 

What many students arc concerned with is how to 
go about getting student loans. In general, the policy 
is the same in banks and the Caisse. Procedures are 
far less complicated, however, if you negotiate 
directly with the manager of your bank. 

Although policy for opening accounts is basically 
the same, there are many attractive features to bank- 
ing with a trust company. At Montreal Trust, open 
from 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. five days a week, interest 
is calculated to your advantage on true and daily in- 
terest savings accounts — whichever gives you more 
profit. Charge chequing accounts allow you to write 
15 free cheques every three months. 

One of the few drawbacks of trust companies is 
that they are unable to handle student bursaries. On- 
ly registered banks can do this. 

A piece of advice, especially for students who are 
moving into their own apartments: It is a wise idea to 
keep a safety deposit box in order to store valuables 
and important documents. Usually the cost is less 
than $10, and it is a good precaution against theft.C 

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Student loans and bursaries 

Returning to school in September just isn't 
what it used to be. 
With over one in five Québec students 
unemployed this past summer, serious 
money worries make classes, parties, gads, even the 
GPA, seem trivial. The current depression has renew- 
ed debates over free education versus students paying 
the real tuition costs (depending on who you believe, 
between $2 and $4,000). 

Until such time as education is made free to all, 
financing their studies will be a headache for a good 
number of students, especially those in the profe- 
sional faculties, such as medicine and law. 

Those headaches may be quickly alleviated: If a 
student is eligible for loans and/ or bursaries from 
Québec's Ministère de l'Education, relief can be 
spelled M-c-G-i-1-1 S-t-u-d-e-n-t A-i-d O-f-f-i-c-e. Ac- 
cording to Judy Stymest, the director of student aid 
at McGill, Québec's student aid program is probably 
the best in Canada and can be extremely helpful to 
students in need. 

Last year, for example, a total of 2,600 students at 
McGill received some sort of financial aid from the 
provincial government. "Independent" students (see 
definitions below) received an average loan of S1663 
and an average bursary of $2161 for a total of 
$3,744,790. "Dependent" students were granted 
average loans of SI 189 and average bursaries of 
$1847 resulting in a total of $3,581,355 in provincial 

"Despite government cutbacks in funding educa- 
tional institutions," says Kathryn Anderson, finan- 
cial aid counsellor, "the amount of financial aid to 
students will not be diminished." The only change, 
Anderson says, will be a cutback on bursaries and a 
subsequent shift of part of the would-be bursaries 
to loans. 

Who's eligible? 

Not all students are eligible for financial aid from 
the Ministère de l'Education, and the rules governing 
the requirements are few but stringent. The rules are 
outlined in a booklet (appropriately called Loans and 
Bursaries) but, like so many other government 
documents, the booklet appears to be translated ver- 
batim from hieroglyphics. Here arc the major 
regulations in layperson's English: 

First of all, the student must be a Canadian citizen 
or hold "landed immigrant" status, and must be a 
resident of Québec. By resident, the government 
means that (a) the individual was born in Québec, (b) 
if the individual is deemed dependent, his/her 

parents must work in the province, or (c) if indepen- 
dent, the student must have worked in Québec (or 
actively sought employment) for 12 consecutive mon- 

Secondly, the student must be studying full-time 
which means a minimum of four courses or 12 credits 
per semester. 

Thirdly, it must be determined whether the student 
is indeed in financial need of government assistance. 
If the student is dependent, aid is provided only if the 
'■'financial situation of the applicant's parents (is) in- 
adequate to defray the cost of educating their 
children." However, if the student is independent, 
the financial situation of her/his parent's is totally ir- 
relevant. The government defines an independent 
student as one who (a) is married or divorced or 
separated or had a child, (b) has an undergraduate 
degree, (c) has 90 credits working towards the first 
degree, or (d) has worked for two consecutive periods 
of 12 months or has been on the job market for that 

Fourthly, there are different allotments for 
graduate and undergraduate students. The maximum 
loan for graduate students is $1995 while the max- 
imum for undergraduates is $ 1 400. There are no ceil- 
ings on bursaries, but one must get the maximum 
loan to get a bursary. 

The difference between loans and bursaries 

Before going on any further, it would be beneficial 
to point out the difference between loans and bur- 
saries. Student loans are provided by the provincial 
government and must eventually be paid back to the 
government by the student. They are interest-free 
while the recipient is still in school and remain 
interest-free for a six-month period following com- 
pletion of classes (either through graduation or attri- 

If the loans are not paid in full by then, interest is 
accrued from that time onward. The due-dates for 
graduating students are usually January 1 or July 1 
depending on the time of graduation. The interest 
rate for this past year was fixed at 14.78 per cent. 

A bursary, on the other hand, is financial aid that 
doesn't have to be paid back to the government. It 
comes in regular allotments throughout the year and 
usually arrives near the beginning of the winter 

Furthermore, there are special fellowships and 
scholarships available to graduate students. For any 
information concerning this type of financial aid, 

students are advised to go to Dawson Hall, third 

Disabled students who are going for their first 
degree and apply for provincial aid receive all aid in 
the form of bursaries, not loans. And, in addition to 
the financial aid for schooling, they receive money 
for all legitimate, expenses such as medication, 
transportation, etc. As graduate students, however, 
they can receive loans as well. 

Quick, how can I apply? 

After filling out the myriad forms for getting in- 
to school and registering for courses, the student can 
probably complete the aid forms in her/his sleep. So, . 
after running up to the second floor of the Powell 
Student Services Building (located at 3637 Peel on the 
corner of Docteur Pcnfield) to pick up an application 
form, s/he can pen in the answers to name, social in- 
surance number, address, citizenship, academic in- 
formation, etc., while in the middle of a comfortable 
nap (although one should try to keep awake). The 
only "difficult" question is your estimated gross 
revenue for the period of May 1, 1982 to April 30, 

Take the completed form back to the Student Aid 
Office where it can be officially stamped and you will 
be told which documents must be included with the 
application. Birth certificates, undergraduate 
diplomas, and leases are commonly required 
documents. Students who are dependents will have to 
submit a financial statement from their parents or 

It takes between eight to ten weeks for the govern- 
ment to process the form so it is advisable to get in all 
applications as soon as possible. The deadline for 
sending out applications for the fall semester is 
September 30 and January 31 for the winter 

It should also be noted that the original application 
is only for a student loan. If, and only if, the student 
receives a maximum loan, can he/she apply for a 
bursary as well. 

In the case that the recipient gets the full loan, the 
government will send out a letter informing him/her 
of whether or not a bursary is available. In the case 
that a bursary is available, the appropriate forms can 
be picked up at the Student Aid office upon presenta- 
tion of the loan certificate. Once again, it will take 
between eight and ten weeks for the file to be process- 
ed. □ 

—Eliyahu ben-Shlomo 



The college years are a time for contempla- 
tion. They are a time for asking questions. 
Seeking answers. Wondering why. Not the 
"whys" of "Why do I have to learn 

finance if I'm going for a marketing degree?" or 
"Why do I have class so early in the morning?" But 
rather the existential whys of why am I here, what am 
I doing, where am I going, who am I really? 

For many, the college experience can be 
anaesthetizing. Students find themselves memoriz- 
ing, regurgitating, and bringing up the gospel of 
definitions and formulas in the pursuit of good 
grades and, hopefully, good jobs. Many college sub- 
jects are studied in a cold, methodical manner leaving 
students to feel puzzled. Confused. Disillusioned. 
Lost. Asking why. 

Fortunately, McGill University has a number of 
organizations on campus that are ready, willing, and 
able to answer that question. Besides counselling, 
these organizations provide a wide range of programs 
and services that are designed to further the students* 
knowledge of their socio-religio-cultural background 
and involve them in meaningful activities that go 
beyond the "facts" taught in college classes. 

Newman Center. "It's more than a worshipping 
place," said one member in describing the McGill 
Newman Center. "It's a place to get together, talk 
and enjoy each other's company. It's a home away 
from home." 

And indeed, for many McGill students, it is. 
Located on 3484 Peel (just below Docteur Penfield), 
the Newman Center officially houses the Roman 
Catholic Community on campus but it is also the ma- 
jor location for McGilPs chaplaincy service — in- 
cluding the Presbyterian, Eastern Orthodox, Chris- 
tian Science, and Lutheran denominations. 

Throughout the year, Newman Center holds coffee 
houses, symposiums on timely issues, plays, films, 
Bible study and prayer groups, holiday programs, 
parties, and "fire-side chats" with the different 
chaplains. One of the most memorable events last 
year was an open debate with a leading member of 
Canada's division of the Unification Church (the 
alleged "Moonies"). 

"Religion is not neutral in social issues," says Rev. 
Chris Ferguson, Presbyterian minister and head of 
Chaplaincy Services. And he points out the involve- 
ment of Newman Center with many of the student 
movements going on around campus, such as the 
South Africa Committee, El Salvador, etc. 

"Here at Newman Center," adds Ferguson, "we 
lead with our feet, not with our mouths." 

In an effort to destroy the myth that religion is 
stagnant and trapped in the Middle Ages, this year's 
theme at Newman Center is "Radical Religion: A 
view of religion and social transformation." 

The Center is officially open every Monday 
through Friday from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., but a 

"If s a place to get together, talk 
and enjoy each other's company. 
If s a home away from home." 

chaplain is always on call . Daily prayer services are at 
5:15 p.m. and, on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, 
there are masses or worship services at the University 
Chapel at noon. Saturday worship service is at 5:00 
p.m. with masses on Sunday at 1 1:00 a.m. and 8:00 

For information about any of the center's pro- 
grams or to set up an appointment with one of the 
chaplains, call 392-5890 or drop by any time. 

The Yellow Door. The Yellow Door (located at 3625 
Aylmer) is part of the McGill chaplaincy service. 
Rev. Roger Balk, the Anglican chaplain, has his of- 
fice there. Its major aim is to involve McGill's Chris- 
tian students in serving the local community. 

Among the Yellow Door's major community pro- 
jects are a volunteer out-reach program for the elder- 
ly in downtown Montréal who are unable to fully 
care for themselves and a non-profit housing project 
for the elderly in Milton-Park (a renovated rooming 
house on Jeanne Mance St). Last year, the program 
boasted over 100 volunteers, most of them McGill 


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The Yellow Door also features an independent cof- 
fee house which is run by a number of musicians. 
Performers such as Penny Lang, Linda Morrison, 
Stan Rogers, and Chris Rawlings have appeared 
there in the past. The coffee houses are usually on 
Friday, Saturday or Sunday nights at about 8:30. 
Cost per show is about $3. For any information con- 
cerning the coffee house, call the Folklore center at 

The Yellow Door also has a policy of donating 
space to progressive groups free of charge or at a very 
low cost. This year the second floor of the building is 
being used by the McGill Study Group on Peace and 
Disarmament (392-4947) and the Montréal Coalition 
for Disarmament (392-3008). 

For information on any of the programs going on 
at the Yellow Door, feel free to call 392-6742. 

Hillel. McGill Hillel (located at 3460 Stanley, below 
Docteur Penfield) is the Jewish community on cam- 
pus. It presents McGill's Jewish students with many 
opportunities to become more aware of and get more 
involved in many of the current social issues concern- 
ing world Jewry. There are a number of social action 
committees, planned and organized by students, such 
as the Falasha Task Force, the Student Struggle for 
Soviet Jewry, and Israel Action. 

Other activities going on at Hillel are discussion 
groups, a lecture series (exploring many important 
contemporary issues such as intermarriage, cults, 
Zionism and the political situation in Québec), disco 
dances, guest speakers, retreats, Oneg Shabbats, and 
folk dancing in the Union Building. 

Hillel features the Golem Coffee House which br- 
ings in different performers throughout the year. 
Last year, the Golem showcased famous musicians 
such as Tom Paxton and ex-Monkee Peter Tork. 
Look in the Daily for details of upcoming concerts. 

Hillel also has a kosher cafeteria that provides a 
choice of hot meals and sandwiches weekdays from 
11:30 to 1:30. On Fridays, the specialty of the house 
is allegedly genuine Israeli falafel. 

After eating, students can sit around to talk with 
friends in one of the lounges or use the library to 
catch up on some school work. 

Hillel also provides counselling service with 
chaplain Rabbi Israel Hausman and a loan pro- 
gramme whose sole criterion is financial need. 

For any information, call up 845-9171. 

Chabad House. "The Chabad House Jewish Student 
Center," says Chabad's chaplain, Rabbi Ronnie 
Fine, "is a place for Jewish students to establish a 
positive identification with Judaism." 

Located at 3492 Peel, Chabad House provides 
students with a haymish place to go, to sit around 
and talk and discuss topical issues in Jewish thought. 
As Rabbi Fine says, "It provides students with an op- 
portunity to discover what (hey want to know about 

Among the highlights of Chabad House is the 
"Spice of Life" Cafeteria which is open daily for 
lunch (11:30 to 2:00) and sometimes for supper as 
well (5:00 - 7:00) and where you have a choice of five* 
steaming hot meals, including good old chulnt. 
(There is also a minyan for mincha at 1:00) 

Other activities are classes, lecture scries, Shab- 
batons with special out-of-town guests, entertainers, 
Holy Day celebrations, and Falafel days. Rabbi Fine 
is also hoping to initiate a "Stump the Rabbi" pro- 
gram whereby students will finally be able to ask 
about anything they always wanted to know about 
Judaism but never before had the chance. 

And, if you want to know what haymish means, 
"come here to shmooze and find out," says Rabbi 

—Ronn Berns 


McGill au Québec 

pathologie de la convention 

L'université McGill est une institution peut-être 
unique en Amérique du Nord, imbue des habitudes 
d'esprit, des valeurs et des illusions d'une com- 
munauté anglo-montréalaise ayant perdu le droit de 
tenir le haut du pavé. Encore imprégnée par sa voca- 
tion originelle de bastion intellectuel du Canada 
anglais, McGill a servi jusqu'à tout récemment de 
forteresse de l'hégémonie incontestée dont avaient 
joui ces grands commerçants et administrateurs du 
capital depuis la conquête. 

Pendant longtemps, trop longtemps, McGill s'était 
tenu dans une situation d'isolement, attaché qu'il 
était aux vieilles traditions d'un néo-colonialisme à 
saveur britannique. Survivance de l'Empire, McGill 
devait son existence au soutien du puissant monde 
des affaires anglophone du Québec et de la société 
canadienne environnante qui voyait en lui un instru- 
ment pour conserver sa position historique de 
maîtrise et de privilège économiques et politiques et 
assurer l'intégrité de ses traditions de supériorité. Il 
va sans dire que les liens étroits que McGill a con- 
servés tout au long de son histoire avec le Big 
Business canadien et américain ont façonné le 
caractère de cette université, lui conférant un intérêt 
à ce que les conditions sociales et économiques ne 
changent pas trop radicalement au Québec. (Make 
sure the bloody French natives don 't get restless). Ce 
n'est donc pas sans raison que pour de nombreux 
Québécois, le nom de McGill évoquait une image 
d'élitisme culturel, de domination économique 
minoritaire et d'injustice sociale: les fils des bonnes 
familles 'well-established' y entraient facilement à 
l'époque, mais c'était une toute autre paire de man- 
ches pour les femmes, les catholiques, les français et 
les juifs. 

Il en va de même pour le Board of Governors, in- 
stance dirigeante de l'université, dont la liste des 
membres se lit comme le Who's Who: un contrôle 
serré y est exercé par les représentants et agents de la 
haute bourgeoisie canadienne, qui en a fait un fief 
quasi-héréditaire des "grandes familles et grandes 
fortunes". Pour reprendre l'analyse de B. Wicken, le 
noyau du Board est composé encore aujourd'hui 
"d'un petit groupe bien homogène de personnes liées 
entre elles par leur présence aux C.A. des grands 
monopoles canadiens, leur appartenance aux 
puissants empires familiaux, ou par des transactions 
d'affaires privées". (Daily, 23 fév. *81) 
Fief des grandes fortunes 

Cette philosophie d'une éducation consciemment 
au service de l'élite capitaliste se répercute au niveau 
du mode de fonctionnement académique qui domine 
à McGill. Au fil des années, des pressions politiques 
parfois ouvertes, la plupart du temps cachées, ont été 
exercées pour protéger l'université de la contamina- 
tion par les idées non-conformistes et radicales. 
Car McGill ne se voulait non seulement le bastion 
d'une certaine idée coloniale du Québec, mais égale- 
ment le chien de garde d'une idéologie servant les in- 
térêts de ses amis et protecteurs de la Banque de 
Montréal, de Alcan et de Bell. 

Dans une synthèse rédigée en 1968, R. Chodos, S. 
Gray, M. Starowicz et M. Wilson du Daily 
analysaient les mutations à McGill dans les années 
'60, lorsqu'il devint nécessaire de s'adapter aux 
nouvelles réalités issues de la Révolution Tranquille 
("The Institutional Imperative", Dally, 5 et 7 nov. 
'68). Jusqu'à la fin de la 'Grande Noirceur' 
duplessiste, McGill était gérée avec une poigne de fer 
par F. Cyril James, qui sélectionnait doyens et chefs 
de département avec "une autorité incontestée, un 
racisme tranquille de club privé, et une prédilection 
marquée pour les académiciens britanniques qui se 

montraient prêts à faire un tour de service dans les 
colonies. Pas un catholique, juif ou canadien 
français ne vint troubler la monotonie anglo-saxonne 
du Board of Governors". 

Le vent de modernisation qui ébranla le Québec 
après la mort du Chef rendit rapidement périmé le 
style trop visiblement colonial des 'jamesiens', dont 
le niveau de compréhension de la politique en général 
et du Québec en particulier se situait "quelque part 
entre celui de Lord Durham et Rudyard Kipling". 
Les premières subventions publiques dans l'histoire 
de McGill commencèrent en '62 sous Jean Lesage, 
qui voulait sortir l'Etat du Québec de la réaction 
moyen-âgeuse pour le mettre à l'heure du grand 
capitalisme américain. 

'S'adapter ou disparaître' 

McGill devait tout à coup s'aventurer en dehors de 
son cocon ouateux pour transiger en termes politi- 
ques avec cet univers étranger qu'était le Québec. 
Soudainement, l'image 'British' posait problème; la 
façade devait changer et une vaste opération de PR 
fut lancée à l'endroit de cette plèbe québécoise inculte 
qui sortait avec agressivité de son sommeil séculaire. 
C'était déjà assez difficile de faire face aux exigences 
difficilement compréhensibles des "natives" et "our 
bloody workers" qui ruaient aux brancards. Mais 
McGill devait aussi affronter une fraction 
gauchisante du mouvement étudiant dont les mots 
d'ordre contestataires du système d'enseignement 
élitiste donnaient la frousse au "old-boys network" 
qu'était la structure administrative de McGill. 

McGill avait tant négligé les sciences humaines et 
sociales que la couche de personnes assez com- 
pétentes pour faire face aux nouveaux impératifs 
("s'adapter ou disparaître") était dangereusement 
mince. Au début des années '60, un nouveau vice- 
président académique, M. Oliver, s'attaqua aux 
structures tristement (ridiculement?) vétustés de 
l'université. Pendant qu'il menait une guérilla contre 
les réactos croulants de l'époque James, d'autres 
s'efforçaient de consolider les différents 
départements jusqu'alors négligés de la Faculté des 

La garnison libérale 

Pour dire le moins, McGill fit son entrée au 20e siè- 
cle avec un retard prononcé. Auparavant, sa fonction 
de blockhaus idéologique retanché, tout d'abord 
voué à la défense de l'Empire, ensuite clef de voûte 
de la colonisation morale du Québec si nécesaire à la 
classe managériale priviliée anglophone, l'avait tenu 
plus ou moins à l'écart des contradictions coloniales. 
C'était maintenant ces mêmes pressions sociales qui 
forçaient l'université de s'engager sur la voie de 
l'adaptation accélérée. McGill eut à surmonter deux 
types de contradictions à cette époque. 

D'abord, les divisions internes opposaient les 
tenants de l'ancien régime de James, qui finirent par 
se faire évincer, aux nouveaux 'entrepreneur: 
bureaucratiques', importes des USA, et bientôt suivis 
par une véritable garnison de profs US imbus de con- 
ceptions modernistes sur l'objectivité nécessairement 
distancée en sciences sociales. 

Les contraintes externes, ensuite, obligeaient 
l'université de changer de visage pour garantir son 
accès à sa part du gflteau gouvernemental, dispensé 
maintenant par un régime conscient de son image de 
technocratie populiste au diapason des aspirations de 
la population. Il fallait premièrement que McGill 
fasse oublier son passé monarcho-Tory et paraisse 
modérément libéral (tout en empêchant le militan- 
tisme étudiant de déborder le cadre du 'raisonable', 

ou le militantisme syndical et nationaliste de pénétrer 
l'enceinte de l'université), et deuxièmement convain- 
cre les Québécois d'accepter sa mission civilisatrice et 
économique au Canada français. 

L'alliance dangereuse 

Le grand danger, dans la perspective des autorités 
McGilloises, était la possibilité d'une jonction entre 
les profs et étudiants radicaux anglophones et le 
milieu québécois environnant, un milieu en rapide 
ébullition et approchant rapidement, dans l'opinion 
des gouvernements municipal, provincial et fédéral 
tout au moins, le point de rupture du système dont 
McGill faisait partie et dont il retirait profits, 
privilèges et pouvoir. 

Les* premiers indices concrets d'une telle jonction 
potentielle apparurent en octobre '68, lorsque les étu- 
diants québécois, pénétrant pour la première fois 
dans les tout nouveaux CEGEP, se révoltèrent contre 
les conditions insupportables et déclenchèrent une 
grève générale avec occupations. Le 21 octobre, 10 
000 cégépiens québécois descendaient sur le campus 
de McGill avant de se rendre à l'UdM, pour protester 
contre le manque de débouchés sur le marché du 
travail et les privilèges de la minorité anglophone en 
termes de places disponibles et de surfinancement au 
niveau universitaire. (Stanley Gray, "Bienvenue à 
McGill", McGill Student Handbook, 1969). 

Stanley Gray, chargé de cours en science po et 
leader intellectuel de la section la plus perspicace de 
la gauche anglophone, était la bête noire de l'ad- 
ministration, celui qui faisait figure d'agitateur et de 
'trouble-maker' qui se fourrait le nez partout et qui 
menaçait de déstabiliser le fragile jeu de cartes 
qu'était McGill. Gray, ayant réussi à établir des liens 
de travail et de solidarité entre les progressistes 
anglophones et les groupes syndicaux et nationalistes 
de gauche, était perçu comme une cinquième colonne 
à l'intérieur de l'université. Il ne s'agissait donc plus 
d'un simple problème interne, causé par des in- 
stigateurs gauchistes indisciplinés: c'était plutôt le 
cauchemar— le mouvement de contestation sociale 
généralisée, devant lequel tremblait l'establishment 
de McGill, était parvenu à infiltrer ses militants au 
sein de la forteresse, jusque-là considérée comme in- 

'Opération McGill': la défonce 

Au printemps de '69 fut lancée la fameuse "Opéra- 
tion McGill": le 28 mars, une manifestation était 
prévue sur le campus de McGill pour exiger la fran- 
cisation de l'université, la diminution des frais de 
scolarité, l'ouverture des bibliothèques au public, et 
l'admission d'une proportion substantielle des 15 000 
cégépiens francophones pour qui n'existait aucune 
place disponible dans les universités du réseau 
français. ("What Will Happen March 28?", Dally, 
14 mars, *69). 

Le groupe organisateur comprenait le Conseil Cen- 
tral de Montréal de la CSN, des comités politiques 
ouvriers, Je: comité!, d'action des CEGEP et de 
rtJdM, le Mouvement d'Intégration Scolaire, lé 
Front de Lutte Populaire et le Comité Indépcndauce- 
Socialisme. Tous des "Bloody workers and 
Bolsheviks", cela va sans dire. 

Une atmosphère hystérique de guerre civile fut 
propagée par le Ministère de l'Education, McGill, la 
police, la presse anglo-canadienne et le gouvernement 
fédéral, ce dernier s'annonçant prêt à mettre les 
troupes de l'armée canadienne à la disposition du 
Québec pour mater la sédition— une prémonition de 
la réaction d'Ottawa aux événements de l'octobre fel- 
quiste. (M.Starowicz, "Terrorism in the Press: An 

suite t la pige 26 


Analysis of Press Coverage of 'Opération McGill 
Daily, 2 avril, '69) 

H y eut certes de la défonce entre l'anti-émeute et 
les 15 000 manifestants sur le Lower Campus, mais 
c'était pas la guerre civile. N'empêche, McGill put y 
trouver son prétexte pour l'instauration de la réac- 
tion politique. McGill, pour une fois, était sorti de 
son isolement, mais pas pour se retrouver du côté des 
petits. Comme l'expliquait M. Wilson après la scène 
de défense musclée du Maw and order' McGillois 
présentée par 'the boys in blue' équippés de leurs 
matraques, McGill avait en effet trouvé des amis en 
dehors des cercles financiers et industriels de l'élite 
anglaise: les flics, les réactos du gouvernement, la 
presse et le PQ. La division des forces ne correspon- 
dait pas à la langue, mais suivait plutôt la ligne tracée 
entre "oppresseurs et opprimés. Un côté avait les 
nombres, l'autre avait le fric et les fusils". ("Twilight 
of the Gods", Daily, 2 avril, «69). 

La ligne dure 

Toute la rhétorique sur la démocratisation, la par- 
ticipation étudiante, le compromis et le dialogue était 
dorénavant révolue. Mark Wilson, rédacteur en chef 
du Daily, fut limogé, les représentants étudiants sur 
de nombreux comités démis de leurs fonctions, et 
Gray expulsé. L'Opération McGill marqua aussi la 
fin de l'agitation étudiante organisée. La plupart des 
étudiants, à l'exception des militants chevronnés (et 
souvent foutus tout bonnement à la porte), retirèrent 
leur épingle du jeu. Ils se trouvaient avoir tout à coup 
beaucoup d'intérêts communs avec l'univers .de 
McGill, qu'ils avaient pourtant bruyamment critiqué 
quelques mois auparavant, puisqu'ils participaient en 
quelque sorte indirectement au système de privilèges 
que leur conféraient leur appartenance aux classes 
moyennes anglophones et leur passage à McGill. 

A l'exception de Westmount, le terrain de McGill 
fut sans doute l'endroit le plus sûr durant la pro- 
chaine crise, celle d'Octobre '70, lorsque le Québec 
fut soumis à un état de siège sous les baïonnettes de 
l'armée canadienne. En effet, la terreur fédérale était 
basée sur un dosage judicieux de répression contre 
quelques têtes d'affiche du mouvement progressiste; 
l'arrestation d'étudiants et de profs de McGill aurait 
risqué de susciter un écho libéral auprès des classes 
professionnelles et managériales du Canada anglais, 
ce que Tridcau et ses sbires flicards devaient éviter à 
tout prix. 

Cela ne veut pas dire que !? mouvement grandis- 
sant de soutien aux buts politiques du mouvement de 
guérilla felquiste (la vraie raison pour les mesures de 
guerre invoquées par Trudeau) ne touchait pas cer- 
tains secteurs de McGill. Le 16, le McGill Faculty 
Union (né en '69 d'une scission au sein du McGill 
Association of University Teachers (MAUT), jugée 

trop collaborationniste avec le Board et les doyens 
dans l'affaire de l'expulsion de S. Gray) votait une 
résolution d'appui inconditionnel au Manifeste fel- 
quiste: ils y affirmaient, entre autres, que le FLQ 
s'était vu forcé d'avoir recours aux moyens violents, 
que le gouvernement avait totalement perdu le con- 
trôle de ses forces de police et qu'ils plaçaient leur en- 
tière confiance dans la démocratie syndicale plutôt 
que celle 'dominée par la dictature économique'. 

Malgré la répression et la censure qui s'abattaient 
sur le Québec, des rallyes et des 'teach-ins' contre les 
violations des droits démocratiques furent tenus à 
McGill, notamment dans le cours de Sociologie de 
l'Oppression de Marlene Dixon, une féministe améri- 
caine radicale. Pour McGill, Dixon était la réincarna- 
tion cauchemardesque de Stan Gray, "the enemy 
within". Dixon et le MFU profitaient savamment de 
la protection et des privilèges du terrain de l'univer- 
sité pour attaquer le gouvernement et les mesures de 
guerre, ce qui était d'autant plus révoltant aux yeux 
des bureaucrates que McGill désirait, plus que toute 
autre chose, voir la répression frapper un mouvement 
social qu'ils jugeaient être, depuis l'Opération 
McGill, une menace directe et constante contre 
l'hégémonie anglo-saxonne. 

L'après-Octobre '70 

L'élection du sociologue Immanuel Wallerstein à 
la tête du MFU en 1972 ne fut guère rassurant non 
plus. Contrairement à la philosophie du MAUT, em- 
preinte de professionnalisme apolitique, Wallerstein, 
sans être aussi à gauche que Dixon, défendait la 
liberté académique des radicaux, prônait une ap- 
proche syndicale plus vigoureuse de négotiation col- 
lective, et attachait beaucoup d'importance à la col- 
loboration du MFU avec les luttes urbaines (Milton 
Park Citizens' Committee contre le projet La Cité- 
Concordia, pour ne donner qu'un example tout pro- 

Commença alors une campagne furieuse de la part 
de McGill pour empêcher la syndicalisation de ses 
travailleurs techniques et cléricaux. La politisation 
poussée du mouvement ouvrier faisait 'freaker' 
McGill et craindre l'accréditation des employés ad- 
ministratifs à la CSN 'bolchévique*. 

Le harcèlement et les attaques de moins en moins 
subtiles contre les profs de gauche protégés par le 
MFU finirent par rebondir contre Wallerstein, qui 
démissionna peu après le départ de Dixon et de 
Pauline Vaillancourt (PoliSci), toutes deux limogées 
vers le milieu des années *70 pour des raisons politi- 
ques. Il fut suivi par quelques autres individus 
sincères qui n'en pouvaient plus de se faire con- 
tinuellement tourmenter et dénigrer. 

Plus ça change,... 

Depuis l'élection du PQ, qui m veut le représentant 

de là nouvelle élite technocratique, francophone cet 
fois-ci, McGill se trouve dans un situation pour 
moins confuse. D'une part, il est toujours soutet 
par le grand capital anglo-canadien-américain et 
situation de guerre sociale larvée qui sévissait î_ 
Québec au début de la dernière décennie est termini 
'for the time being'. De l'autre, cependant, 
nouvelle équipe au pouvoir n'est nullement syn 
pathique à ce qu'a pu symboliser McGill dans 
passé (plusieurs péquistes importants, dont Géra 
Godin, furent détenus sans inculpation en octob: 
'70). De plus, aveec la crise qui frappe toutes li 
économies de plein fouet, la part du gâteau qui n 
vient à chacune des composantes du réseau unive 
sitair québécois se rétrécit considérablement. 

Les hordes populaires n'essaient plus de prendr 
d'assaut la Bastille anglo-saxonne et les rangs dt 
contestataires McGillois sont de beaucou 
clairsemés. La situation n'est pas au beau fixe, ma 
quelques changements sont à noter avant de coi 
dure. Le plus important, c'est très certainement 
nombre imposant de francophones qui fréquenta 
McGill, surtout les cours d'administration: on 
forme toujours de jeunes loups de la futur 
technocratie, mais il faut tout de même reconnaître! 
perspicacité de l'université qui a su attirer tant 
français, qui viendront y recevoir certaines idée 
chères aux bonnes familles du Board of Governon 
(Façon de dire qu'on les civilise à penser comme P 
Vineberg, R. Frazee, et D. Culver, 3 puissants Boar 
members et respectivement avocat de l'empire Broni 
man, PDG de la Banque Royale et PDG de Alcan) 

Ce qui frappe, lorsqu'on fouille un peu dans 
passé de McGill, c'est la situation d'isolemen 
culturel prononcé, qui n'est pas sans affecter 
caractère de la vie intellectuelle qui y règne. On pour 
rait même qualifier cet état de condition 
décadence éducative. H. Sarf, qui démissionna di 
Département de PoliSci en '77, parla des symptôme 
de cette déchéance qui ronge de l'intérieur: "prestigi 
en voie de déclin, un pessimisme et une incertitud 
omniprésentes, la perte de buts et de valeurs viable 
en matière d'éducation, et un manque de vitalité". 

Incapable de faire preuve de créativité en temps d; 
crise ou de repenser ses privilèges, McGill, poir 
reprendre l'expression de Sarf, ne fait qu' "attendre, 
vivant du gras du passé, et craignant la certitude de 
années maigres à venir". 

La pathologie de la convention 
Cela ne devrait guère surprendre dans une institi* 
tion encore toute imprégnée d'une conception qut 
l'on peut taxer de néocoloniale et apparemment 
dépourvue d'une sensibilité adéquate aux tendances 
culturelles et politiques du milieu québécois. Cela st 
manifeste chez les profs. La profession académique 
devient décadente lorsque leur situation privilégié et 
société donne lieu à des sentiments d'auto- 
satisfaction ou est réduite à un vulgaire instrument 
d'avancement personnel. La majorité de mes profs 
m'ont donné l'impression d'être surtout intéressés â 
défendre coûte que coûte leur position de députés in- 
tellectuels du capital dans un univers politiquement 
menaçant et d'avoir peur de sortir du cadre des con- 
ventions sociales ou de déranger. C'est peut-être 
pourquoi tous les profs limogés en science po et socio 
dans les années '70 étaient des sympathisants connus 
des luttes ouvrières et nationales des Québécois. 

Le prestige et la reconnaissance ne sont accordés i 
ceux qui viennent enseigner ou poursuivre des études 
post-baccalauréat à McGill que s'ils acceptent de : 
plier à la règle implicite de non-controverse. 

Cette hantise de la stabilité et de la convention 
anglophone à McGill frise la pathologie, tant chez le 
Board Of Governors que chez la plupart des profs, 
toujours organisés par lé MAUT. Ses racines ne sont 
pas dures à trouver: la peur de devoir abandonner 
cette image acceptée de toutes parts qui fait de 
McGill «the» institution of the minority. 

—Michel Sheppard 


— — 


control is 

one of the most muddled areas of modern science today. 
Contraception is a problem that has confronted man 
and womankind for centuries, yet there is still no com- 
pletely safe and effective solution. Still, there are 
choices available, and the choice one makes depends to 
a large extent on health and lifestyle. A woman must 
decide for herself how much risk she is willing to take to 
prevent pregnancy. She must examine carefully the 
alternatives and choose the method that will best adapt 
to her daily routine. Failure to properly use methods of 
contraception accounts for many of the unwanted 

Barrier methods 
Barrier methods are not as effective in preventing 
pregnancy as most oral contraceptives, but they are 
safer to use. They do not radically interrupt the 
natural reproductive systems of women* the way the 
pill does. They are also more awkward to use. They 
can be messy and embarassing for some couples. The 
effectiveness of all barrier methods relies on the 
motivation of those who use them. Both partners 
should understand the method and be supportive of 
its proper use. Because it is still the woman who gets 
pregnant, the final responsibility inevitably falls on 
her shoulders. This is one reason why women arc 
willing to risk taking the pill. However, for women 
who have intercourse infrequently or for those who 
are involved in a stable relationship, barrier methods 
can be highly effective alternatives. 

Condoms. One of the oldest methods of con- 
traception, the condom, or safe, is still one of the 
most widely used and safest methods available. The 
earliest condoms were made from animal skin. A 
skin version is still available, but it is more expensive 
and offers no protective advantages. Modern con- 
doms are made of latex rubber; they are strong, 
cheap and disposable. Condoms are available dry or 
prelubricated; they are also available in colours and 
different textures. While some men find that a con- 
dom reduces sexual pleasure, others find that it 
allows them to maintain an erection longer. 


A condom must be worn whenever there is the 
slightest penetration of the woman's vagina and it 
cannot be re-used. Most condoms are pre-rolled. 
Otherwise they must be rolled up just before use. 
When the condom is unrolled over the erect penis, a 
half inch space should be left loose at the tip to col- 
lect the semen. For maximum protection, condoms 
should be used in conjunction with spermicidal 
foam. The foam acts as a good lubricant and, 
together, the two methods provide a theoretical ef- 
fectiveness rate higher than the diaphragm, the IUD 
and the mini-pill. Never use vaseline as a lubricant; it 
destroys rubber. Heat also destroys condoms, so 
don't carry them in a pocket or a wallet. 

Two things are unique about the condom: 1) It is 
the only method that provides some protection from 
venereal diseases, and 2) It is the only method of con- 
traception, other than sterilization, used by the male 

This second feature may cause some women to not 
rely on condoms. Birth control is a potentially 
awkward subject, so a woman may be hesitant to ask 
her partner if he is prepared and vice versa. Since the 
condom must be put on the man's erect penis directly 
prior to intercourse, many couples view it as an inter- 
ruption, and resent it as such. Others find ways of in- 
tegrating the application into their normal sexual 

Diaphragm. The diaphragm is a cup-like rubber 
device worn inside the vagina to cover the cervix 
(opening to the uterus) during intercourse. The 
diaphragm requires a prescription which can be filled 
at most pharmacies for about fll2-M5. Since women 
and their vaginas come in different shapes and sizes, 
a diaphragm must be fitted by a qualified and ex- 
perienced physician. If it doesn't fit properly, the ef- 
fectiveness of the diaphragm is severely limited. The 
physician should demonstrate the proper insertion of 
the diaphragm, and then check to see that the woman 
knows how to use it correctly. The woman should 
know how to check the insertion herself, and should 

continued on next pago 



continued from pnrlou* page 

do so everytime she uses the diaphragm. Women 
should be refitted after two years, after childbirth, or 
after a weight gain/loss of more than 10 pounds. 

The diaphragm must be used with either a sper- 
micidal cream or jelly. A tablespoon of cream or jelly 
is smeared on the inside of the diaphragm and 
around the rim. The diaphragm must be inserted no 
more than two hours prior to intercourse and it must 
remain in place six to eight hours afterwards. Once 
the diaphragm is in place, additional spermicide must 
be inserted with an applicator if the couple wishes to 
have intercourse a second time. Do not remove the 
diaphragm for at least six hours after intercourse. If 
the diaphragm is properly placed, neither partner 
should be able to feel it. If it is unusually noticeable 
during intercourse, it probably has not been inserted 
properly or it is not the right size. 

The diaphragm has a high theoretical rate of effec- 
tiveness, but its actual use effectiveness varies widely. 
The most important factors for successful use are 
proper Tit and the ability to insert the diaphragm. 
Also important is the mutual support and understan- 
ding of both partners in using this method. If it is 
viewed as an annoying interruption, the woman may 
feel embarassed and self-conscious. It is likely that 
she will try to put it in as quickly as possible, increas- 
ing the risk of misplacement or that she will risk not 
using it at all. Remember: A diaphragm has a zero ef- 
fectiveness rate if it stays in its case. 

Cervical cap. Once a common and widely-used 
form of birth control, the cap has virtually disap- 
peared from the list of available methods. However, 
the cap is currently undergoing a grassroots revival. 
Women's clinics in the United States are promoting it 
as an effective alternative to the pill, and that move- 
ment is beginning to spread to Canada as well. 

The cap is based on the principle of blocking the 
cervix, similar to the diaphragm. It is a small rubber 
device that fits snuggly over the cervix. Whereas the 
diaphragm is held in place by the vaginal muscles, the 
cap suctions itself on to the cervix providing a tighter 
barrier. Like the diaphragm, the cap must be fitted 
by qualified personnel. 

It is advisable to use a little bit of either a sper- 
micidal cream or jelly with the cap. This is mainly a 
precautionary measure since, theoretically, the cap 
provides an airtight barrier. Because the effectiveness 
of the cap does not depend on a spermicide to the ex- 
tent that the diaphragm does, the cap may be inserted 
several hours prior to sexual activity. This is one of 
its main advantages because a woman can take her 
time inserting it and need not feel pressured. Like the 
diaphragm, the cap must be left in six to eight hours 
after intercourse. Some medical professionals claim 
the cap can be left in for several days with repeated 
intercourse. Others advise that the cap be removed 
whenever possible and reinserted when needed. 

Because the cap is not widely used, there is little in- 
formation on its actual use effectiveness. Many doc- 
tors assert that it is strictly experimental and imply 
that it is risky to use. Others say that it probably is as 
effective as a diaphragm when used properly and 
may be more convenient for some women. On the 
other hand, some women are unable to use the cap 
because of the position, size or shape of their cervix. 

Twenty years ago the cap was manufactured in 
dozens of sizes in Canada and the U.S.; now it is only 
available in a limited number of sizes and is quite dif- 
ficult to obtain. The cap is no longer manufactured 
in North America and must be imported from 
England. It is not illegal, but it has not been approv- 
ed for use by either the Canadian or American 
governments. Approval has been withheld mainly 
because there has been so little research done on the 
cap and no interest shown in its manufacture by the 
major drug companies. 

Currently there is some work being done on a cap 
that would be molded specifically to fit each in- 
dividual woman. This cap would also have a one-way 

valve to release secretions and menstrual flow so th 
it could be left in for a month at a time. However, t 
research is highly experimental at this point and th 
type of cap is not likely to be available for mai 

While the cap is not a revolutionary answer ! 
birth control, it is certainly a viable alternative f< 
women who do not want to risk the potential heal 
hazards of oral contraceptives. Like the diaphragr 
the cap requires the cooperation and support of bot 
partners to ensure its effectiveness. 

At press time, there was only one clinic in Mo: 
tréal fitting women with the cervical cap. Head 
Hands Clinic at 2304 Old Orchard in ND 
(481-0277) has a long waiting list and requires worm 
who arc fitted to participate in a research study i 
the effects of the cap. The next closest venue for fi 
ting is the Women's Clinic in Burlington, Vermon 
None of the Montréal hospitals provide caps', nc 
does the McGill Student Health Services. 

The Pill 

Oral contraceptives were introduced in the Unite 
States in 1960. Enovid 10, the first "pill" on th 
market was 20 times stronger than the brant 
available today. Hailed as the modern answer 
birth control problems, the Pill has been a continu; 
source of controversy within the medical professio 
and the women's- movement. No other mcdicatio 
has been investigated so thoroughly and yet th 
debates still continue. Depending on which study on 

"Hailed as the modem 
answer to birth control 
problems, the Pill has 
been a continual source of 

last read, the Pill is either harmless or linked to ncv 

Billions of dollars have been poured into chemica 
research in efforts to improve the Pill; to lessen thi 
side effects and long range health effects. But the fact 
that the female reproductive system is linked will 
other vital body functions in ways not clear!) 
understood has led many experts to doubt that there 
will ever be a completely safe oral contraceptive. Tht 
Pill's interference with the natural cycle inevitably af- 
fects the entire body. 

Much of the contraceptive research has been con- 
ducted with the help of human guinea pigs from the 
third world. Women from underdeveloped countries 
are constantly used to test unproven contraceptives. 
Currently an injection of synthetic progesterone 
known as Depro Provera is being used expérimenta 
ly in Southeast Asia. When certain products are 
deemed too dangerous for the North American or 
European markets, they are "dumped" in the form 
of tax-deductible contributions in third world coun- 
tries. Because of this pharmaceutical dumping, out- 
dated and dangerous high-dose oral contraceptives 
are still widely used in the developing world today. 

The Pill operates on a three-week onr, one-week off 
cycle. For 21 days, the Pill should be taken at the 
same time every day. It is usually recommended that 
the Pill be taken at night so that the woman can sleep 
through whatever minor side effects she may ex- 
perience. The most important factor, however, is 
choosing a time when one is likely to remember. It is 
important that taking the Pill becomes as routine as 
brushing one's teeth. After the 21 days, the woman 
stops taking the Pill or takes sugar pills for seven 
days. During this time menstruation will occur. The 
Pill gives a woman a very regular menstrual cycle and 


the bleeding is likely to be lighter, shorter, and less 
painful than during a normal period. 

If a woman forgets to take one pill, she should take 
it as soon as she remembers, even if it means taking 
two pills in the same day. Forgetting one pill does not 
pose much of a risk. If a woman forgets two or more 
sequential pills, however, the risk of pregnancy in- 
creases and she should use an additional form of 
birth control for the remainder of the cycle. 

The Pill is made up of synthetic estrogen and pro- 
gesterone — two hormones which, in their natural 
state, control ovulation. The Pill provides a constant 
level of these hormones during the menstrual cycle, 
thus preventing ovulation. Without ovulation, 
pregnancy cannot occur. Estrogen alone will block 
ovulation, but the progesterone increases the effec- 
tiveness by altering the chemical composition of the 
mucus in the cervix, making it impassable to sperm. 

There are over 20 brands of the Pill on the market; 
choosing the right one is something of a hit-or-miss 
proposition. Doctors will rarely discuss the dif- 
ferences among brands unless they are pressed for the 
information. Generally they will prescribe whatever 
pill they are most familiar with, usually meaning 
whatever they have been supplied by drug manufac- 
turers. At the McGill Health Services, the most 
popular brand prescribed tends to be MinOvral. This 
is also the favorite among most of the Montreal 
hospitals and clinics. 

Depending on the natural levels of estrogen and 

test. If the condition persists after three months, she 
should change to a brand with a higher level of pro- 

A woman who suffers from migraines can use the 
Pill, but if the migraines become more severe she 
should consider another method. 

The Pill can cause depression, irritability and 
fatigue in some women. Sometimes these symptoms 
can be alleviated by decreasing the level of pro- 
gesterone. Signs of depression often only appear 
gradually, so that a woman will not associate it with 
the Pill until after she has discontinued use. 

Water retention can cause nausea, cramps, 
bloatedness, headaches, irritability and breast 
tenderness. When these symptoms occur early in the 
cycle, an excess of estrogen is usually to blame; if 
they occur when no pills are being taken, the Pill pro- 
bably contains too much progesterone. If the symp- 
toms remain after three cycles, the woman should 
switch brands. 

Vaginal spermicides 
A spermicide is a chemical which kills or im- 
mobilizes sperm. Throughout the ages, women have 
used everything from cow manure to honey to pre- 
vent pregnancy. Modern spermicides are available in 
foams, creams and jellies. Spermicides are available 
in most drug stores without prescription and are 
relatively inexpensive. 

Creams and jellies are recommended for use with 
either a diaphragm or a cervical cap. Foam sper- 
micides are highly effective when used with a con- 
dom. If a spermicide is the only method of con- 
traception to be used, a foam would be more effec- 
tive because it is more evenly distributed within the 
vagina. When using foam, it should be inserted with 
an applicator no more than a half hour before inter- 
course. If the interval between application and inter- 
course is longer than a half hour, more foam must be 

There have been recent studies which indicate a 
higher rate of birth defects in women who are using 
spermicides at the time of pregnancy. The results are 
not conclusive at this point, although the evidence is 
ominous. Otherwise, spermicides have no known 
deleterious effects on health. Some people experience 
a mild allergic reaction to spermicides, which is 
usually alleviated by switching brands. 

Intrauterine device 
An ntra-uterine device is a n object placed in the 
uterus to prevent pregnancy. The first IUDs were 
estrogen, it will be almost 100 per cent effective. made of materials ranging from silkworm gut to 

• --- m a : li-- i t_ »«._ t_. 

"There are over 20 brands 
of the Pill on the market; 
choosing the right one is 
something of a hit-or-miss 

progesterone present in any individual woman, dif- 
ferent brands may have different effects. Estrogen is 
responsible for most of the dangerous complications 
of the Pill, as well as many of the annoying side ef- 
fects. Thus, in choosing a brand, the less estrogen, 
the better. As long as the Pill has at least 30 meg of 

Women who should not use the Pill include: 
women with any form of circulatory disease or 
cancer, women over 40, women over 35 who smoke, 
women who suffer from hypertension, diabetes, high 
blood cholesterol, sickle cell anemia, a liver or gall 
bladder disease, or obesity. Any woman who smokes 
or has some history of the preceding conditions and 
opts for the Pill should be monitored closely by her 

If a woman experiences symptoms of serious com- 
plications such as severe pain in the leg, chest or ab- 
dominal area; shortness of breath; severe headaches, 
or changes in vision, she should seek medical atten- 
tion immediately. 

Many of the side effects of the Pill can be 
alleviated by switching brands. However, if any of 
the following symptoms are prolonged, the woman 
should consult her doctor and consider another form 
of birth control. 

Spotting or breakthrough bleeding during the first 
half of the cycle indicates an insufficient amount of 
estrogen; in the second half of the cycle it is caused 
by a lack of progesterone. During the first three 
cycles, spotting is not serious. If it should continue 
after three months the woman should switch (pro- 
bably to a brand with more progesterone). 

Amenorrhea or missing a period is common when 
starting or discontinuing the Pill. If a woman misses 
more than one period, she should have a pregnancy 

silver wire. Plastic devices were marketed in the late 
•60s and the '70s brought IUDs which release pro- 

The IUD differs from other reversible methods in 
that the woman has little control over its use. She 
needs medicalservices to obtain an IUD and to have it 

It is not known how the IUD prevents pregnancy. 
The IUD causes an inflammation of the en- 
dometrium (uterine lining) possibly preventing the 
implantation of a fertilized egg. The inflammation 
may cause white blood cells to attack sperm or the 
fertilized egg. The IUD speeds up the movement of 
the egg in the Fallopian tube so that it may not be 
mature enough for fertilization. 

Effectiveness depends on insertion by a qualified 
and competent medical professional, as the device 
can become dislodged and expelled unnoticed. A 
woman should check herself weekly to make sure the 
IUD is in place. 

Some of the more serious possible side effects of 
the IUD are peroration of the uterus and uterine in- 
fections. There is also some debate as to whether the 
IUD increases a woman's chance of ectopic pregnan- 
cy (fetal development outside the uterus). Less 
serious complications include heavier menstrual flow 
and /or menstrual cramps. □ 

— Wendy Jones 


finding oneself pregnant and 
single can be one of the most frightening and traumatic 
events in a woman's life. Religious or moral convictions 
aside, the decision to have or not to have a child is 
always a difficult one. It's a decision which should be 
made carefully with a full consideration of all the 
ramifications. A woman should not feel pressured or 
forced to either give birth or have an abortion. Pregnan- 
cy will always be a uniquely personal experience, and, 
likewise, the decision to continue or discontinue a 
pregnancy must be a personal one. 

Because of the prevailing social and religious 
taboos, most women who find themselves with un- 
wanted pregnancies are subject to immense emo- 
tional and psychological distress. This makes it all 
the more important that a pregnant woman has ac- 
cess to objective sources in making her decision. 
Many women find it helpful to seek out an impartial 
person to act as a sounding board for their thoughts 
and fears. Counselling services are especially helpful 
because they also provide all the necessary medical 
information concerning pregnancy and abortion. A 
woman who feels there is no one in her personal life 
whom she can confide in is strongly urged to seek out. 
such services. 

It is important for women with unwanted pregnan- 
cies to remember that they are not alone. Even if 
their families, friends or lovers have deserted them, 
there is always a place to go. Montréal has a large, 
receRtive, and professional network of women's 
organizations and clinics that can help. 

The Québec context 
Although the laws and regulations pertaining to 
abortion are relatively restrictive, they have come a 
long way in the Province of Québec. This is in a pro- 
vince, be reminded, where the Catholic church has 
long held sway; most Catholic hospitals still refuse to 
do abortions. 

Abortions are not only legal in Québec, but they 
are also covered by Medicare. According to the law, 
any woman can have a therapeutic abortion if it's ap- 
proved by a three-person board of directors in an ac- 
credited hospital. While some hospitals still have 
weekly abortion quotas, most of the hospitals that 
perform abortions still require, as a formality, the 
III approval of the therapeutic abortion committee. 

- ' ' ' " ' ■' : — 

The major factor in a woman's decision to havej 
abortion is time; the operative words here are "mai 
quickly." With the possible exception of sod 
private clinics (discussed later), it takes about tj 
days to two weeks to get an appointment for an aba 
tion at most facilities (especially the hospitals) A 
again, the sooner the better. 

If a woman suspects she is pregnant, she shod 
have a pregnancy test done as soon as possible. Tj 
most obvious sign of pregnancy is a missed menstru 
period. Other telltale signs are nausea and wall 
retention. Some women may be pregnant but si 
have a light period. This is called a "fake period, 
and will be noticeably light and of short duration. 

A pregnancy test can be accurately performed afi 
35 days from the first day of your last perio 
although the most common pregnancy test starts I 
be effective 42 days from the first day of your li 
period. A pregnancy test is a simple urine analys 
the results of which are usually available wit: 
hours.' The urine analysis must be run on a mornt 
sample, and it is advisable that the woman not da 
any liquids the evening before. 

The McGill Student Health Service provides 
pregnancy testing service free of charge. Most clin 
and many hospitals also perform this service. It's ï 
portant to have the test done early. The soot 
pregnancy is diagnosed, the more .options a won | 
■ will have in dealing with it. 

Private, public clinics and hospitals 
In seeking an abortion, it is advisable to go first 
a public clinic for information, counselling and 
referral to a private clinic or hospital and prevent 
necessary delay. They also offer personal counsel!; 
and good follow-up services which are not provi 
by the hospitals. Most of the public clinics also 
doctors who can give gynecological examinations 
The alternative to hospital services, if you are p 
nant and choose to have an abortion, is that you 
pay anywhere from $100 to over $500 at a pm 
clinic (depending on the method needed and 
number of weeks the woman is pregnant). Note Û 
some doctors who are residents in hospitals m 
charge a $50 or $60 fee. 

The advantage of choosing a private clinic fa 
suction abortion is that although the procedure 


costly, there is certainly no wait — the operation may 
very well be performed the very next day after it is re- 

The abortion procedure 

In Québec, safe legal abortions may be performed 
up to 20 weeks after a woman's last menstruation. 
The procedure employed depends on the time lapsed 
since the last period. Up to eight weeks, a menstrual 
extraction may be performed. A small, flexible tube 
is inserted through the cervix into the uterus without 
any dialating (stretching) of the cervix. The outer end 
of the tube is attached to a source of suction which 
gently removes the tissue from the wall of the uterus. 
The advantages of this uncomplicated operation are 
that it takes only a few minutes and anesthesia (local) 
is rarely necessary. The following hospitals provide 
abortion services of this nature: Montréal General, 
Hôpital Notre Dame, Jewish General Hospital, 

Hôpital St. Justine, amd Montréal Children's 
Hospital (for women under 18 years of age). 

Up to 12 weeks, doctors perform either the diala- 
tion and evacuation <D& E) or diala t ion and curettage 
(D&C). The D&E method resembles the suction 
method, the difference being that the cervix is 
dialated until the tip of a narrow tube can be passed 
into the uterus. Again, the free end of the tube is at- 
tached to a source of suction which frees the fetal 
tissue from the uterine wall and removes it. The en- 
tire procedure takes about ten minutes. 

In the D&C procedure, the cervix is dialated as 
with the suction method. As a rule, slightly more 
dialation is necessary for the D&C. After dialation, 
the doctor uses a curette, a metal loop on the end of a 
long, thin handle, to loosen and remove the fetal 
tissue from the uterine wall. Montréal General, Rcd- 
dy Memorial Hospital, Royal Victoria Hospital, 
Hôpital St. Justine, Hôpital St. Luc, Hôpital 

Maisonneuve-Rosemont and the Jewish General pro- 
vide both D&E and D&C abortions up to 12 weeks. 

After 12 weeks, the fetus is too large to be safely 
removed by suction or curettage. The preferred 
techinique after 12 weeks is the saline abortion, that 
is, to cause the woman to go into labor so that the 
abortion occurs through the process of uterine con- 
tractions and cervical dialations, as in full term labor 
and delivery. 

A concentrated salt solution is injected into the 
uterus to replace the amniotic solution in the womb; 
uterine contractions begin within 48 hours. This 
method requires hospitalization and, because it is so 
similar to natural childbirth, it may have unpleasant 
psychological consequences for the woman. The 
following hospitals provide saline abortions up to 20 
weeks after a woman's last menstruation: Hôpital St. 
Justine, Royal Victoria Hospital, and Valleyfield 
Hospital (patient must live in Valleyfield). 

Abortions are not available in Québec after 20 
weeks of pregnancy. However, the Women's Medical 
Services at Kingsbrook Hospital in Brooklyn, New 
York, will perform the operation up to 24 weeks. The 
cost of late abortions performed here is quite expen- 
sive — USS700 plus travelling expenses — but the 
facility comes highly recommended and is certainly 
beneficial in times of extreme crisis. As well, foreign 
students who are not of American origin may obtain 
a temporary visa from from the U.S. Consulate 
specifically for this purpose, by simply showing the 
American officer a letter from a doctor in Montréal, 
a letter of appointment with the clinic, and proof of 
your ability to pay and intention to return to Mon- 
tréal. □ 

—Betsy Pritzker 
and Wendy Jones 

The following is a listing of private Montréal 
clinics which provide abortion services up to 14 

Champlain Clinic 

Dr. Henry Morgenthaler (up to 14 weeks) 
2990 Honoré Beaugrand 
Tel. 351-0290 

Centre Féminin (up to 12 weeks) 
6000 Côte des Neiges 
Suite 440B 
Tel. 738-1419 

Robert Tanguay (up to 11 weeks) 
218 Victoria, Greenfield Park 
Tel. 671-2>53r 

Outside of Montreal: 

Women's Medical Services 
Kingsbrook Hospital 
Brooklyn, New York 
Toll free phone: 1-800-221-0824 
or 1-212-756-8438 

The following is a list of hospitals which offer 
abortion services: 

Royal Victoria Hospital 
687 Pine Ave. 
842-1231 local 453 
(12-20 weeks) 

Montréal Children's Hospital 

Adolescent Unit 

1040 Atwater 

Suite 105 

937-8511 local 805 

(under 18 years of age; 0*8 weeks) 

Hôpital Sainte Justine 
3175 Cote St. Catherine 
731-4931 local 744 
(0-8, 12-20 weeks) 

Hôpital St. Luc 
1058 St. Denis 
285-1525 local 316 
(0-8 weeks) 

Hôpital Notre Dame 
1560 Sherbrooke E. 

(0-8, 12-16 weeks) 

Jewish General Hospital 
3755 Cote St. Catherine 
342-311 1 
(0-8 weeks) 

The following is a list of public clinics in the Mon- 
tréal area where you can receive assistance and 

Women's Information and Referral Centre 
3585 St. Urbain 
Tel. 842-4780/4781 

Clinique des Femmes 
Clinique des Jeunes 
3465 Peel St. 
Tel. 842-8576 

Head and Hands 

2304 Old Orchard Ave., NDG 

Tel. 481-0277 

Planned Parenthood 
336 Sherbrooke St. E. 
Tel. 844-3349 



Rape is violence not sex. This is the slogan of 
the Women's Union and Canadian legisla- 
tion is changing to reflect this reality. 
Parliament has approved changes to the 
Canadian Criminal Code which will replace "rape" 
and "indecent assault" with "sexual assault" and 
"aggravated sexual assault". Before becoming law 
these changes must be approved by Senate, which 
will probably happen this fall. After receiving ap- 
proval, the changes will be proclaimed in force, but 
no date has, as yet, been set for the proclamation. 

Presently rape occurs when a man has sexual inter- 
course with a person, not his wife, without her con- 
sent, or with her consent if the consent is (i) extorted 
by threats or fear of bodily harm, (ii) obtained by 
personating her husband, (iii) obtained by false and 
fraudulent representations as to the nature and quali- 
ty of the act. 

Women who are victims of rape should report the 
incident as soon as possible. Although it is preferable 
to report the rape to the police, the victim who does 
not want to do this should at least speak to a friend, a 
social worker, a volunteer at a rape crisis centre, or a 
colleague. Because rape turns on the issue of consent, 
a doctrine has developed called the doctrine of recent 
complaint: If there is no recent complaint made soon 
after the alleged incident the victim will have a dif- 
ficult time proving that she did not consent to the act. 

If the victim is in Montreal and wishes to go im- 
mediately to a hospital, she might bear. in mind that 
only two hospitals will take adult rape victims for ex- 
amination — the Montreal General and the Hôtel 
Dieu. Victims under 18 years old should go to the 
Montreal Children's Hospital or Ste. Justine's 
Hospital for Children. Other hospitals will refuse 
rape victims because either they have no gynecologist 
on duty, or because they are not equipped with foren- 
sic medicine units. Victims should try to go to one of 
the above hospitals before going home, changing 
clothes or taking a shower. 

Rape is punishable by life imprisonment. Attemp- 
ted rape carries a maximum penalty of ten years in 
jail. When sexual intercourse cannot be proved to 
have occurred or to have been intended by the accus- 
ed, the accused may be charged instead with indecent 
assault which is punishable with five years in prison. 
These punishments will be altered by the changes to 
be proclaimed later this fall. 

Whether or not the culprit is prosecuted, the victim 
of a rape may apply to the Crime Victim's Indemnity 
Fund which is administered by la Commission de la 
santé et sécurité du travail. 

As long as the Commission is convinced that a rape 
actually occurred they will award the victim aid in 
obtaining an abortion, or an equivalent to a 
"widow's pension" for any child born of the rape. 
The Commission also has discretion to award other 
types of medical and financial aid. The victim must 
report the incident to the Commission within 6 mon- 
ths of its occurrence in order to qualify for aid. 

The changes in the Criminal Code will take the em- 
phasis off of rape as a sex crime and stress, instead, 
the element of violence. For example, under the old 
law, the prosecution must prove (in rape cases) that 
the victim did not consent to sexual intercourse, and 
that sexual intercourse in fact occurred. If the pro- 

Rape Crisis Cards 

Why worry about rape? You've never been attack- 
ed, and you know that you never will be. You live in 
a safe neighbourhood — no one ever gives you trou- 
ble. Besides, if you were attacked, you would know 
how to defend yourself. Right? 

Unfortunately, answers like those won't deter a 
potential rapist. And at a time when rape is on the 
rise (a woman is raped every 29 minutes in Canada) 
you cannot afford to be that confident. 

The Women's Union has printed rape crisis cards 
to aid you in case of an attack. These informative lit- 
tle cards have emergency telephone numbers and 
four steps indicating what to do immediately after 
you have been sexually assaulted. 

The yellow cards are available in both French and 
English and can be picked up at: 

• All porters' offices in the Residence lobbies 

• Student Health Services in the Powell Building 

• Students' Society general office, Union Building 

• Women's Union, Union room 422 

Most Canadians (61 per cent) live in areas that 
don't have services for rape victims. Montréal, 
however, has those services and with a rape crisis 
card in your wallet they will be readily available to 
you in case you need them.D 

— The Women's Union 

posed changes are approved the prosecution will only 
be required to prove that there was a sexual assault 
and that the victim did not consent to that assault. 
Also, proposed changes in the legislation will make it 
more difficult for the defence to attack a victim's 
credibility by producing evidence of his/her 
character in the past. This evidence will only be ad- 
missible if it is relevant to the case being decided. 

Changes to the Criminal Code will make women as 
well as men liable to accusations of "sexual assault" 
or "aggravated sexual assault". These changes will 
also provide for the possibility that one spouse might 
charge the other with these offences. 

The penalties for these crimes are divided into 
several categories. For simple sexual assault, parallel 
to common assault, an accused may be tried by either 
summary process or indictment; and is liable to a 
maximum sentence of 10 years in jail. If the accused 
is found guilty of an indictable offence and s/he 
committed that offence with another person then the 
maximum penalty is 14 years in prison. For sexual 
assault with a weapon, threats to a third party, or to 
cause bodily harm, the maximum penalty is 14 years 
in jail. Aggravated sexual assault, which occurs when 
sexual assault is accompanied by wounding, maim- 
ing, or disfiguring the victim; carries a maximum 
penalty of life in prison. 

Although Canadian legislation will soon be chang- 
ing to emphasize rape as a crime of violence, this is 
not now the case. 

To reiterate, it is imperative at the present time 
that victims of rape make an immediate complaint to 
someone — preferably a police officer or a hospital 
or social worker. If the victim is hesitant to go to 
police or to a hospital, she might speak to a friend 
and have him or her accompany her to the police sta- 
tion. If she is going to a hospital she should go as 
soon as possible after the incident, and before going 
home or changing her clothes. Victims should also 
apply to the Crime Victim's Indemnity Fund for 

For more information or for help in applying to 
the Crime Victim's Indemnity Fund, call or visit 
McGill Legal Aid from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday to 

—Isabel Schurman 
McGill Legal Aid 


Interest in the study of women was expressed by 
both students and faculty as far back as the 
mid-'60s, a period in which all minority groups, 
as well as women, were demanding a reassess- 
ment of their traditionally ascribed roles. At McGill 
that meant an examination of the assumptions 
underlying their status in academe. Even then, 
various members of the student body and academic 
staff had initiated teaching, research and community 
projects in the area of women's studies. 

In 1969 Senate instituted an inquiry into 
"Discrimination as to sex in the University" and ob- 
tained a report from that committee in 1970. During 
the academic years 1973 through 1975, a new student 
newspaper, The Women's Collective Press, was 
established and a special issue of the McGill Journal 
of Education in Spring 1975, dealt specifically with 
"Women in Education." 

At the same time a series of campus-wide open 
meetings on "Women" were well-attended and 
resulted in, among other things, a student petition 
for a Women's Studies program. By 1979, the 
Women's Studies program and an interdisciplinary 

minor irr Women's Studies had been firmly establish- 

Courses in Womens' Studies are those which focus 
on the unique experience and contributions of 
women to society. The rationale behind the inter- 
disciplinary minor in Women's Studies is to integrate 
the study of women into established academic pro- 
grams. The Women's Studies program is thus geared 
to the student who wishes to undertake studies in an 
established discipline with a special emphasis on the 
roles, contributions, and cultural images of women. 
In addition to presenting a view of women in society 
within the context of several traditional disciplines, 
Women's Studies courses provide new research and 
theory that are widening our knowledge about 
women and, in many instances, amending traditional 
scholarly theories about women. 

Students should consult departmental listings and 
the 1982-83 McGill Calendar for descriptions of all 
courses included in the Women's Studies minor pro- 
gram. It should be noted, however, that not all 
courses are available in any one year. 

For additional information on the Women's 

Studies program, consult the following professors: 

Dr. Prudence Rains (Co-ordinator) 
Dept. of Sociology 
Leacock Building 
Room 732 
Tel. 392-5177 

Dr. Paola Valeri-Thomaszuk 
Dept. of Classics 
Leacock Building 
Room 524 
Tel. 392-5219 

Dr. Margaret Gillet 

Dept. of Administration & Policy Studies 
Faculty of Education 
Duggan House 
Room 305 
Tel. 392-8833 

—Betsy Pritzker 


Sexually transmitted diseases 


' he only thing I'm really worried about is 
getting herpes," says playboy airhead 
Chuck D. who rarely leaves the discos 
alone. "Syphilis and gonorrhea are no big 
deal. One shot and I'm back into the game." 

Chuck is partially right. Modern medicine has 
come a long way in the treatment and cure of 
sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs), but even in the 
cases of gonorrhea and syphilis, at least two injec- 
tions of penicillin, tetracycline or erythromycin and a 
couple of weeks of follow-up testing are needed to 
make sure that the infection is no longer potent. 
When it comes to herpes, however, Chuck does have 
reason to be worried. 

?,! Notwithstanding the ease of treatment for most 
STDs, the major obstacle remains the proper detec- 
tion of the disease. The subject of STDs is still a very 
embarrassing one for many to discuss. And, as a 
result of insufficient information, many cases of 
STDs go untreated because the symptoms, especially 
those appearing within the body, go unnoticed. 

Urethritis. Nongonococcal and nonspecific 
urethritis (NGU and NSU) are among today's most 
common sexually-transmitted diseases. They are 
caused by the presence of chlamydial bacteria, and 
the symptoms echo those of gonorrhea, although in 
some cases they may be milder. 

One to three weeks following exposure to NGU, 
men and women experience itching or pain during 
urination, and white, yellow or clear discharges are 
detected in the morning. Unlike gonorrhea, however, 
NGU doesn't respond to penicillin. Treatment usual- 
ly consists of one to three weeks of tetracycline, 
erythromycin or sulfonamide therapy. 

If left untreated, urethritis in either of its forms 
runs its course in four to six weeks and leaves no per- 
manent damage in men. In women, however, it can 
cause cervical infections which, when ignored, can 
move into the uterus causing pelvic inflammatory 
disease (PID). Among the consequences of PID are 
scarred Fallopian tubes and the susceptibility of in- 
fants delivered through the infected canal to 
pneumonia and chlamydial eye infection. 

Gonorrhea. Triggered by a gonococcus bacteria 
that contains a toxic tissue-damaging substance, 
gonorrhea is transmitted primarily during sexual ac- 
tivity and causes painful urination and discharges 1 
to 3 weeks after exposure. 

The symptoms in females, however, may be 
delayed for weeks or even months after infection. 
Then, women may notice a heavy yellow-green 
discharge, swelling, a mushroom-like odor and pain- 
ful urination. 

Unlike urethritis, gonorrhea is not limited to the 
genitals but can develop in the rectum and throat as 

Gonorrhea infections cause progressive tissue 
damage at the original site of contact and reach other 
body areas through the bloodstream. Unchecked 
gonorrhea may result in the narrowing or blockage of 
the urethra, sterility due to an infection of the 
epidymis, and a gonoccocal attack against the brain 
or heart lining. 

Furthermore, infants delivered through an infected 
birth canal can suffer from a gonorrhea affliction 
that causes blindness if the newborns' eyes are not 
treated with silver nitrate (it is standard practice in 
many hospitals to treat all newborns with silver 

Syphilis, which can be transmitted by blood 
transfusions and dirty hypodermic needles, as well as 
through sexual contact, occurs in four stages: 
•(1) Two to six weeks after exposure, a chancre 
(small sore), pimple or blister develops at the site of 

infection. Without treatment, the sore heals in three 
to five weeks as the syphilis symptoms, but not the 
disease, disappear. 

•(2)Ten to twelve weeks following the chancre's 
disappearance, a rash develops either only on the ex- 
tremities or covering the entire body. Other symp- 
toms are fatigue, fever, hair loss, mouth infection 
and swollen glands. These symptoms come and go 
for as long as two years. 

•(3)Following the permanent disappearance of the 
aforementioned symptoms, syphilis sufferers are no 
longer infectious. One in four will overcome the 
disease naturally; another 25% will remain infected 
but without any further symptoms; and the remain- 
ing 50% will enter the third (or latent) period. In this 
period, the bacteria can lie dormant in the various 
body organs and systems for an indefinite period of 

•(4)In the final stage, the bacteria is reactivated and 
attacks the infected areas, often bringing permanent 
damage to the brain, eyes, heart and several body 

Vaginitis. Another bacteria-caused STD is 
nonspecific vaginitis infection. Recognized by burn- 
ing, itching and abnormal discharges, nonspecific 
vaginitis can be properly treated with ampicillin and 
metronidazole. Unfortunately, metronidazole is a 
powerful medication with many unpleasant side ef- 
fects such as vomiting, nausea, loss of appetite, diar- 
rhea and headaches. Recent studies have also shown 
(albeit not conclusively) that it may also be car- 

Herpes. Also known as the VD of the Ivy League 
and Jerry FalwelFs revenge, herpes is nevertheless no 
laughing matter. Unlike most other STDs, herpes 
cannot be cured. Its recurrent attacks, which include 
painful blisters in the genital or anal areas, can occur 
at any time and generally happen during times of 
stress, when resistance is low or in the wake of sexual 

The initial recognizable sign of herpes is a burning, 
itching sensation at the point of infection, and 

blisters begin to develop two to twelve days following 
exposure. Fever and local swelling, along with symp- 
toms resembling viral infections, may also occur. The 
first attack is usually the worst and lasts about two to 
three weeks. 

Crab Lice. Pubic lice, colloquially called "crab 
lice," are not only communicable through sexual ac- 
tivity, but also through bedding, public toilets and 
towels. About three to six weeks following initial ex- 
posure, severe itching and lice in the pubic hair can 
be noticed. To treat crab lice, both partners must 
wash thoroughly with a non-prescription lotion 
(Kwcllada) that is available at most drug-stores. 
Also, all linen and clothes that may have become in- 
fected should be washed in hot water or dry-cleaned 
to prevent re-infection. 

This list is far from exhaustive. There are many 
other types of sexually-transmitted diseases — 
among them hepatitis, lymphogranuloma venerum, 
yeast infections, and amebiasis — that deserve your 
attention. Should you be sexually active and ex- 
perience any unusual discharge, painful urination or 
develop genital sores, tell your partners) and have 
yourself checked out by a doctor. 

Furthermore, if you choose to be sexually active, 
there are a number of protective measures that you 
should take in order to minimize the possibility of 
contracting an STD: 

•Condoms provide the most effective safeguard 
against disease (although, in the case of syphilis, they 
are useless since the bacteria can enter through the 
skin that the condom doesn't cover). Spermicidal 
jellies and creams may also provide some degree of 

•Personal hygiene is very important. • Wash 
thoroughly with soap and water before and after sex- 
ual activity. Also, urinate after sexual activity to 
flush away bacteria. 

•And, above all, get proper treatment if you do 
become infected. 

— B. Ronneli 

Your "STUDENT SERVICES" line-up 

for 1 982-83 


Counselling (Career & Personal) 

HEALTH (Medical Appointments, Health Care Advice, Literature) 
OFF-CAMPUS HOUSING (Computerized Lists Available) 

OFFICE OF THE DEAN OF STUDENTS (Health Insurance Info, Rhodes Scholarship Ap- 
plications, Disabled Student Info) 

McGILL CANADA MANPOWER CENTRE (Job & Career Info, Employer Directories, Help 
with résumes and interview preparation) 

Applications, cost estimates for foreign exchange boards, help with visa problems) 
TUTORIAL SERVICE (Senior honours and graduate students registered as tutors) 


Pastoral help and support available to all 

ATHLETICS - 475 Pine Ave. West. 

Instructional, Intramural, Sports Clubs & Intercollegiate programs offered. 



I The ABCs of stress 

A spirations. Every student who enters col- 
lege (or university) does so with grand 
aspirations. S/he looks forward to the en- 
tire college experience — the beer-bashes, 
fraternity-life, dances, demonstrations, and, oh yes, 
classes — with enthusiam and high hopes. Unfor- 
tunately, the bubble often soon bursts. 
Blues. As the workload gets heavy, assignments 
become due, classes get boring, and time whizzes by, 
the excitement quickly fades and the college blues 
begin. The best way to battle the blues is to keep 
everything in perspective and budget your time pro- 
perly so you won't get trapped by deadlines. 
Coffee and cigarettes. The dynamic duo of the col- 
lege scene, coffee and cigarettes are seen by far too 
many students as a panacea for their nervous ills. Un- 
fortunately, the caffeine in the coffee and the 
nicotine in the cigarettes provide only temporary 
pleasure and, in the long run, make things worse. 
Depression. According to a 1978 study by 
psychologists Aaron T. Beck and Jeffrey E. Young, 
as many as 78 per cent of students enrolled in North 
American universities may suffer some symptoms of 
depression. 46 per cent of the cases will be intense 
enough to lead the students, to seek professional 
help.(See how you rate in the accompanying Inven- 

Exams. Behold the accusatory sheet, a.k.a. the col- 
lege exam! One of the most nerve-racking of college 
experiences, the exam isolates the student, fills 
him/her with trepidation and attempts to test his/her 
knowledge of the course material. All too often, 
however, the student spends too much time worrying 
about what the teacher will ask and not enough time 

Frustration. A common feature of the college world 
is frustration. By inflating the importance of tem- 
porary setbacks and misjudging the severity of rejec- 
tions (both social and academic), students feed their 
frustration. They misperceive their problems and end 
up overreacting to adverse events. 
Grades. Ah, yes, grades. The eternal pursuit of the 
great GPA. "Go for the A's," the chorus goes, 
because students who get A's are All-right, outta- 
sight. Amazing A's. A's are admirable. But B's are 
for beginners. Boo. Borderlinc.and, G-d forbid, an 
F. Flop. Fool. Forever a failure. 
Headaches. The most common malady of college 
students is the headache. There are tension 
headaches, those caused by the lack of sleep and 
headaches brought on by overworking. 
Insomnia. The first casualty of the college semester is 
usually sleep. Because of the many worries associated 
with college, sleep becomes increasingly elusive for 
many students. Once again, this may be caused by 
the student's inability to keep things in perspective. 
He/she may be "over-worrying" and, therefore, 
unable to relax. Furthermore, insomnia is intensified 
by the alarming amounts of caffeine consumed. 
Jobs. 'Alas, there is no joy in Jobville.' Today 
especially is a difficult time for students. The poor 
economy and the high rate of unemployment bodes 
ill for anyone entering the job market, college 
degrees notwithstanding. Students therefore face the 
added burden of wondering what job opportunities 
will available after they graduate. 
Knowledge, (see record 4). 

Loneliness. Another major problem for students 
(especially for those living away from home for the 
first time) is loneliness. Suddenly, many students find 
themselves away from close friends and in an en- 
vironment that is both strange and forbidding. And, 
unfortunately, students may make matters worse by 
immersing themselves in schoolwork, thereby shunn- 

ing social contact. The best way to offset loneliness is 
to get involved in extracurricular activities. 
Major. The college years are a corridor to the future. 
It is the time when students decide where they want to 
go and what thay want to do. And the first step 
towards the future is choosing a major. Very often, 
the decision is a difficult one to make, chiefly 
because majors tend to be restrictive. To facilitate the 
choice, the student should take stock of his/her 
strengths and weaknesses, and then critically (and 
honestly) assess the (disadvantages of the various 

Nutrition. Another casualty of the college years is 
diet. Because of the crazy schedules that students 
often set up for themselves, proper nutrition is 
overlooked. Breakfasts are skipped, lunches are 
small, suppers are rushed, and junk-food is consum- 
ed for the sake of "energy." Students, therefore, 
should try not only to cat at the proper times but also 
to eat the proper foods. 

Overload. Though many students find college forbid- 
ding, others find it so fascinating that they wish to 
get involved in every event and every club under the 
sun. These students are usually over-ambitious and 
often find themselves strung-out because they have 
no time for themselves. Warning: do not over- 
involve yourself. 

Pressure. The major pressures associated with the 
college experience, besides those dictated by time 
limitations (such as term-papers, midterms and 
finals) are meeting academic standards and the need 
to define goals for life and career. Many students try 
to overachieve, thereby putting undue pressure upon 

Quitting. When the going gets tough, many of the 
not-so-tough start thinking about going home, 
throwing in the towel, downright quitting. Although 

The Beck Depression Inventory consists of 21 groups 
of four statements that are symptoms of depression 
in order of severity. Test yourself on this sample of 4 
questions by choosing the answer that best describes 
your state of mind. 

1. (a)I am not particularly discouraged about the 

(b) I feel discouraged about the future. 

(c) I feel I have nothing to look forward to. 

(d) I feel the future is hopeless and that things can- 
not improve. 

2. (a)I can work as well as before. 

(b) It takes an extra effort to get started at doing 

(c) I have to push myself very hard to do anything. 

(d) I can't do any work at all. 

3. (a)I can sleep as well as usual. 

(b) I don't sleep as well as I used to. 

(c) I wake up one or two hours earlier than usual 
and find it hard to get back to sleep. 

(d) I wake up several hours earlier... and cannot get 
back to sleep. 

4. (a) I do not feel like a failure. 

(b) I feel I have failed more than the average per- 

(c) As I look back on my life, all I can see arc a lot 
of failures. 

(d) I feel I am a complete failure as a person. 

Note: If you found yourself consistently choosing an 
answers other than (a), perhaps you would like to 
seek counselling help from McG ill's Health Clinic 
(392-5441) or Counselling Service (392-5119), both of 
which are located in the Powell Student Services 
Building at 3637 Peel Street, corner Penfield, or from 
McGlll's Chaplaincy Service (see related article). 

the expression "he who fights and runs away, HveH 
fight another day" may provide some solace, qH 
ting is a bad habit to get into, and is very hard toB 
ed. Therefore, don't pull the plug too soon, sfl 
counselling help. And try to find the best alternafl 
for you. [ y 

Relaxation. No matter how conscientious a studfl 
may be and no matter how much a student may enfl 
working, s/he needs some time to mellow-out. fl 
and off campus, there are many places to go i:';-H 
want to relax. Put your feet up. Have a brew. FotK 
about schoolwork, the job market and interest ra:H 
And talk to friends about nothing more serious t)B 
the day's 'Wizard of Id.' hi 
Scl f-Estccrn . Despite the initial high of making it \m 
McGill, the self-esteem of some college studcB 
belly-flops after they get back the results of exaA 
term-papers, etc. Self-esteem unfortunately becor 
locked up in academic performance, leaving man 
student feeling worthless.. 
Tension. Based on the premise that "a bashful 
dividual cannot learn," students who are too tense 
ask questions in class face a very difficult time inc 
lege. Because they fear asking a "dumb questioi 
they actually jeopardize their education. Much of 
knowledge gained in college comes from a give-ai 
take between students and professors. 
Underachieving. The transition from CEGEP I 
from high school) to college is indeed a difficult o 
Unfortunately, many students are not able to ad; 
as well or as quickly as others to their new envir< 
ment despite diligent efforts to do so. These stude 
continue to underachieve until they feel comforta! 
with and accustomed to many of the college's varie 

V.D. V.D. and other sex-related causes of stres 
such as fear of pregnancy, abortion /right-to-lifc a 
sex-role confusion, also weigh heavy on the colli 
student. (See related articles elsewhere in the Hat 

Walkman. The "Walkman Syndrome" (a.k 
withdrawal symptoms) often manifests itself in c 
lege students, especially in those who are in their fi 
year and are trying to impress their professors w 
diligent study habits. These students shut themsch 
off from everything but school-work and becoi 
recluses. Try to set up a balanced schedule consist: 
of work, exercise and relaxation. 
Xenophobia. Foreign and out-of-town students fa 
the toughest challenge because of what they m 
perceive as xenophobic reactions on the part of Mc 
tréalers. Often, these fears have no basis in rcalit) 
Yesterday. Too many students spend too much tir 
mourning over what they should have done the d 
before. They harp on their wasted time and constai 
ly bemoan the lost hours. Yesterday is gone and do 

Zclearnik effect. The Zeigarnik effect is the tenden 
to recall uncompleted tasks more frequently th 
completed ones. It suggests that completed tasks a 
forgotten because the motivation to perform them 
eliminated. Nevertheless, take pride in your a 
complishments and revel in your victories. It'll ma) 
college a lot more cnjoyableD 

Knowledge. Upon entering college, many studen 
suffer from the delusion that "everyone else kno* 
so much more than me." They tend to underestima 
their knowledge and capabilities, and, as a resu! 
underachieve. Don't worry. Just because oth 
students never stop talking in class (symptomatic < 
ego problems), it's more than likely that what they'i 
saying is garbage! 

—Eli Ronald Bernstein and Howard Neil Dolms 



Sexual harassment is an unwelcome sexual solicita- 
tion or advance, overt or subtle, made by a person in 
a position of authority (real or presumed) where the 
person has the power to offer or deny to the student 
an academic advantage or any opportunity affecting 
the status of the student. 

What is the present position of 
the University on sexual harassment 

Sexual harassment, in all its forms, overt or subtle, 
heterosexual or homosexual, is offensive and con- 
stitutes a violation of human rights. McGill Universi- 
ty reaffirms its desire to create a work environment 
for all employees, and a study environment for all 
students, that is fair, humane, and responsible; an 
environment which supports, nurtures and rewards 
career and educational goals on the basis of such rele- 
vant factors as ability and work performance. 

Sexual harassment which imposes a requirement of 
sexual co-operation as a condition of employment or 
academic advancement is inimical to this environ- 
ment. The University deplores such conduct as an 
abuse of authority. Whenever knowledge is received 
that a sex-based condition is being imposed, prompt 
and remedial action will be taken. 

(Taken from the recommendations of the Senate 
Committee on Women; published in the Ad- 
ministrative Newsletter, 1982) 

How do you know if you 
are being harassed 

Sexual harassment may be overt or subtle and can 
either be homosexual or heterosexual. It may occur 
between student and professor, student and teaching 
assistant, or between students. 

Sexual harassment may be overt or subtle. When it 
is overt it is easy to recognize. For example, a pro- 
fessor may demand unwanted sexual relations from a 
student in return for a higher grade. However, more 
subtle forms of sexual harassment may occur when 
attention is taken away from the academic nature of 
a relationship and directed more towards an un- 
wanted personal or sexual relationship. 

The following scenarios are designed to illustrate 
possible forms of more subtle sexual harassment and 
arc hypothetical: 


Scenario One. A student is having difficulties with 
a course; her professor suggests she make an appoint- 
ment with him to talk about it. Her professor has 
seated himself close beside her. When she raises ques- 
tions regarding the course, he does not appear in- 
terested. He suggests he drive her to his apartment 
for some wine. She refuses, but he persists and she 
excuses herself. She walks home dreading seeing him 
the next day in class. 

"After presenting a 
seminar in her tutorial, 
the student is asked by 
her instructor to remain 
behind after the others 
have left" 

Scenario Two. A graduate student finds it 
necessary to frequently meet with his advisor to 
discuss his thesis. His advisor suggests that they go 
out for a drink. The student, however, is uncertain 
because he does not feel comfortable with his advisor 
who consistently comments upon the student's good 
build and attractiveness, suggesting what he should 
wear to accentuate his physique. He feels they are 
stepping beyond the standard student— advisor rela- 

Scenario Three. After presenting a seminar in her 
tutorial, the student is asked by her instructor to re- 
main behind after the others have left. She does so, 
assuming he wishes to discuss her presentation. In- 

stead he directs the conversation towards her, 
repeatedly asking her questions ot a personal nature. 
She is uneasy but docs not wish to appear rude; she is 
well aware of the fact that he is responsible for the 
grade she receives for her presentation. 

Scenario Four. A small tutorial group consisting of 
six female students and one male student is being run 
by a female faculty member. The faculty member 
seats herself beside the male student. When the male 
student participates during class discussions, she puts 
her hand on his shoulder as a gesture of approval and 
in so doing repeatedly singles the male student out. 

What can you do if you feci 
you are a victim of sexual harassment 

Don't be afraid to discuss it with someone — a 
friend, a parent, anyone. Within the University com- 
munity, various groups and individuals are atuned to 
this problem and may be able to give you sound ad- 
vice. These include: 

•Dean and Associate Dean of Students 
•Student Ombudsman 
•Faculty Deans or Associate Deans 
•Director of Residences and Student Housing 

•Chaplaincy Service 

•Women's Union 
•Counselling Service 
•Health Services 

•Post-Graduate Students' Society 

After discussing with and getting the help of any 
one of these resource people, you can then decide if 
you wish to pursue the matter further. At the present 
time your next step would be to approach the Dean 
and Associate Dean of Students (in the Powell Stu- 
dent Services Building) until such time as the Senate 
Committee on Sexual Harassment outlines a com- 
prehensive University policy to deal with this pro- 
blem. The Dean and Associate Dean of Students are 
well-acquainted with the problem of sexual harass- 
ment. They urge any student who feels that s /he may 
be the victim of sexual harassment to discuss it with 



3459 rue McTavish 













"First come first served" 


McGill University's labour relations record: 

Labouring under an illusion 

In the glossy annals of official McGill University 
histories we are presented with a rosy image of 
benign progress in our august institution. 
Students float dreamlike through the college, 
emerging to become community leaders, government 
officials, noted intellectuals and academics. Pro- 
fessors while away their hours making notable 
discoveries of universal significance. 

Yet throughout it's venerable history, McGill 
University has relied upon another group of people 
who receive scant attention from the brochures. 
These invisible people are the University staff, the 
people who cook, clean, file, type, and generally run 
about picking up the litter left by the students and 

The Québec context 
The lack of records prevent us from piecing 
together anything but a fairly new and unfinished 
history of the University staff and it relations with 
the administration, but we can see the influences of 
labour's gains at all universities. The organisation of 
university staff across Québec came as a consequence 
of the high level of union activism in the late sixties 
and early seventies. These were the days of mass 
political agitation, demonstrations, and large scale 
co-ordination of unions for social and political 
demands that led to the formation of the FTQ-CSN- 
CEQ Common Front, and a general strike. 

The gains of the trade union movement in this 
period were impressive. The Common Front, uniting 
hospital workers, teachers, university employees, 
civil servants and most public sector employees 
achieved a massive increase in the public sector wage 
and the provincial minimum wage. 

College confrontations 
In 1971 every university in Montreal became the 
target for labour agitation as unions were formed, 
received accreditation and entered into negotiations 
for their first collective agreement. Library workers 
at Sir George Williams University (the present Con- 
cordia University) staged walkouts in mid-September 
as part of their campaign for union recognition. One 
week later ancillary/support staff at the Université de 
Montreal, still in the process of receiving accredita- 
tion as an FTQ local, went on strike demanding pari- 
ty with Laval University ancillary staff, and materni- 
ty leave benefits (the administration had refused to 
even make'a pay offer to the union). 

Most ofj these disputes ended in victory for th( 
fledgling unions, and served as blueprints for unions 
in other universities. Strikes at both the Université d< 
Montréal and UQAM received solid support from 
students who vitually shut down the campus along 
with other university workers who refused to cross 
the picket lines. 

Meanwhile, back at dear old McGill 

McGill] however, presented particular problems to 
workplace organization. In staff relations, as in 
many areas, the university maintained a paternalistic 
attitude. Employees had no vehicle for collective 
discussion on wages and, consequently, were paid 
close to the minimum wage. Academic staff were 
allowed some input into the decision-making process 
through (the ^workings of faculty and administrative 
committees, which were overwhelmingly dominated 
by senior academics and management personnel. 

Non-academic staff had no staff association, no 
union, jlnd no input into the decision-making bodies 
of the university. Individuals would approach their 

immediate superiors for wages, with scant increases 
being granted on the nebulous basis of merit. 
A Tower of Babel 
Non-academic staff could be roughly divided into 
two categories, ancillary/ support staff and 
clerical/secretarial staff. The ancillary staff includes 
porters, cleaners, gardeners, kitchen staff in the 
residences and Faculty Club, and the maintenance 
and physical plant staff (carpenters, electricians, 
plumbers, etc.) The clerical staff includes all non- 
academic office employees. 

Most of the clerical staff have traditionally been 
women. Low wages have been justified on the (er- 
roneous) basis that most women are second wage 
earners. Paternalist management-employee relations 
are reinforced by the fact that most clericals deal with 
male superiors. Organisation of clerical workers is 
difficult at best, due to the scattered workplaces and 
diverse working conditions. 

A similar diversity exists for support workers. Dif- 
ferent trades and different working hours are rein- 
forced by McGill's practice of hiring recent im- 
migrants from different nations to different sections. 
Thus, many employees in one sector might well be 
functionally unilingual, speaking only Italian, Por- 
tuguese or Greek. , . 

Fragmented by linguistic barriers and intimidated 
in a new country by the difficulties of finding jobs, 
such employees offer the University the prospect of 
docile, quiescent, and eminently exploitable labour. 
To their credit these workers have to date been the 
only body of employees to achieve unionisation and a 
collective agreement with the University. 

Administration to meat workers today : 

Strike talks resume 

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If McGill's! administration wanted to keep the 
unions out ofj thejr university, it was clear in 1971 
that many employees wanted to follow their counter- 
parts at other] Quebec universities. The administra- 
tion, however] was not prepared to accept unionisa- 
tion so easily. ' \ 

» J__ 

Within the teaching faculty there was a sma 
group of professors working with the Confédératio 
des Syndicats Nationaux (CSN) for the unionisatio 
of academic staff. This group was, and still is, tl 
McGill Faculty Union (MFU). The MFU has nevi 
managed to register 50 per cent of the teaching facu 
ty in its membership, a requirement for union 
creditation. To this day, when most academic staffi 
Canada and Europe are unionised, McGill faculty r 
mains unorganised. 

There is, however, an organisation called tl 
McGill Association of University Teachers (MAU 
which enjoys the recognition of the administratia 
MAUT has no legal status as a bargaining unit, ca 
not negotiate on behalf of its staff, and contaii 
managerial classifications of staff in its rani 
(associate deans, deans and vice-principals) who a 
legally excluded from membership in recognised sy 
dical associations. 

MAUT is what is generally known as a compa: 
union — it is dominated by senior managers, 
capable of acting against the interests of the a 
ministration (i.e them), and, most importantly, 
serves as a bulwark against unionisation. 

Ineffective staff associations that portf 
themselves as representative of staff while decryi 
the ills of unions are common tools for fighti 
unionisation, and hence keeping wages lower, wot 
ing conditions poorer and job security abysmal 
contrast to similar unionised workplaces. 

Associations such as the MAUT require more thi 
members to bolster their non-legal, informal stati 
In the MAUT' s case that support is provided by wh 
can only be described as McGill University's offici 
ideology: Collegiality. 

Collegiality sounds nice. The basic theory has be 
developed over the years into a series of axioir 
Confrontation is not good. The interests of everyo 
in the McGill community are basically simili 
whether they be a janitor, student or Governi 
Thus, it is claimed, it is possible for all parties to 
down quietly and discuss problems in a spirit of I 
nuine friendship and conciliation and, 'finally, rea 
an agreement. Such attitudes are formed at the t 
and filter down; McGill Principal David Johnston 
a firm believer in the merits of the collégial system 
government. , 

Students of history will recognise these sa 
theories under another name when applied to labc | 
relations — collegiality is none other than good 
European corporatism as peddled by Salaz | 
Dolfuss and Mussolini in the 1930s. 

Unions enter McGill \ 

In early 1971 library workers at McGill began 
sign up for a union. Influenced by the emergence c 


*)f£ 01THER HANDB00KS2B 

\ \ \ 

library union at Sir George Williams University (the 
present Concordia University) where working condi- 
tions and pay were similar, McGill library workers 
sought to organise. 

There were many reasons for unionisation. No job 
security existed, pay was low, and working condi- 
tions were dependent on the whims of immediate 
superiors. Library workers were also denied career 
advancement through the McGill School of Library 
Sciences as they couldn't enroll in its classes. 

Within a short period of time over 90 people were 
signed up. One hundred and forty workers were 
needed to achieve accreditation, yet this number was 
never reached. 

The University responded with an all out offensive 
against the union effort. A pay increase of IS per 
cent was given to the library staff as proof of the 
magnanimous benevolence of the collégial system. 
Fifteen per cent of the library staff were quietly laid 
off at the same time. 

Soon enough, certain rumours circulated amongst 
the staff about the evils of unions. Many of the staff 
in the library were immigrants from totalitarian 
countries in eastern Europe and so were susceptible 
to classic red baiting — somehow many were con- 
vinced that the unionisation drive was connected with 
Communists, a group of people that they feared and 
hated. None of these rumours were officially sanc- 
tioned by any university official or library manager, 
of course. No matter, they did their job well. The 
unionisation drive failed. 

"A useless social organisation" 

Unionisation was defeated, but the threat remain- 
ed. Staff associations on the collégial model emerged 
to represent the library workers. The McGill Univer- 
sity Library Staff Association (MULSA) was form- 
ed. It was described by one library assistant as a 
"useless social organisation." 

The Association of McGill University Librarians 
(AMUL) also formed at this time, along the same 
lines as MULSA. Like M AUT, these associations did 
not conform to syndical organising structures and 
were open to management level employees. And like 
all such organisations, MULSA and AMUL were 
consequently dominated, in committee and leader- 
ship positions, by management employees. 

Ancillary and support workers fared much better 
in their efforts at unionisation in 1971. Following the 
model established at the Université de Montréal they 
achieved accreditation as Local 298 the Fédération 
des Travailleurs de Québec (FTQ). 

One other group of workers managed to achieve 
accreditation in early 1972. The National Union of 
McGill University Employees (NUMUE) was formed 
to represent approximately 30 workers in the Com- 
puting Service and the University Print Services. 
They became a single local by accident, when the 
CSN office informed each group that the other was 
simultaneously organizing. 

Collégial J ty fights back 

By the end of 1971 it was clear to the administra- 
tion that campus staff were organising. The 
precedents at UQAM and UdM served well to remind 
them of the difficulties of fighting organised labour 
in universities. The unionisation drive in the library 
system had only just been staved off, with much 
credit due the unknown rumour mongers. While 
crucial to the normal operation of the University, the 
members of FTQ Local 298 did not present a deadly 
financial threat — a decent wage for them would be 
inconvenient, but not a massive bite from the budget. 
The real threat was clearly the mass of underpaid and 
overworked clerical staff. Numbering close to 2,000, 
they were clearly ripe for unionisation. 

Exactly one week after NUMUE received its of- 
ficial accreditation as a legal bargaining unit another 
staff association emerged on campus. 

The McGill University Non-Academic Staff 
Association (MUNASA) followed the tried and 

trusted company union formula. It was set up as an 
informal staff association without legal status which 
included management personnel in its membership. 

The original organizers of MUNASA were 
predominantly middle and upper management staff. 
These people have dominated the leadership of the 
association to this day. .Naturally, MUNASA 
wholeheartedly embraced collegiality as an approach 
to informal discussions with the administration. Like 
MAUT, MUNASA is smiled upon by the administra- 
tion and provided with token representation on 
university decision-making bodies. 

"The representation by MAUT and MUNASA," 
said Principal Johnston in 1979, "are good working 

Loc. 298 meets Collegiality 

By the summer of 1973, the first contract negotia- 
tions between Local 298 and the adminstration the 
summer were getting nowhere. McGill's maintenance 
and ancillary workers had lower pay than their 
counterparts at UdeM, UQAM, and Laval. Since the 
formation of the union the university had been tak- 
ing measures to reduce the number of unionised 
employees. There had been substantial layoffs in the 
residence and maintenence staff (which resulted in 
heavier individual workloads) and no coverage for 
vacations, which, again, meant that individuals were 
required to assume heavier workloads. 

The university had also increased the number of 
non-union contract labourers hired. Most union 
members also felt that the university was attempting 
to steal money from the union sick-leave bank. The 
sick-leave bank consisted of automatic contributions 
paid by Loc. 298 members to cover sickness benefits. 
The university administered the fund which by 1973 
had accumulated $140,000 in surplus. 

Union members felt that the surplus was rightfully 
theirs, but the university refused to hand the surplus 
over. After negotiations the university offered to pay 
back $40,000, but no more. As one union member 
pointed out, "It's crazy. If they admit that they owe 
us any (money) then they should pay us all of it. It's 
pretty cheap to steal money from your"employees." 

In early October Loc. 298 voted by more than 95 
per cent to take strike action in pursuance of the 
numerous unsettled issues in the negotiations. 
The first strike 

After last minute talks failed, the strike was started 

on Monday, October 15th. In its glorious 152-year 
history, McGill had never experienced a strike. 

The campus responded quickly to the threatened 
stoppage. The Friday before the strike started a few 
hundred students and faculty met and formed a 
Strike Support Committee, modelled on similar sup- 
port groups formed during the UQAM and UdeM 

Many classes were cancelled as professors and 
students respected picket lines. Numerous faculty 
societies and clubs endorsed the strike and called on 
their members to join the pickets. 

The administration, MAUT, and MUNASA did 
not, of course, support the strike. Neither did the 
Student's Society. 

By the second day of the strike over 300 classes 
were cancelled. Non-union library workers walked 
out in sympathy with the maintenance workers. A 
Strike Support Committee demonstration on campus 
drew close to a thousand students. Print shop and 
computing centre workers,- members of NUMUE, 
walked out in sympathy. At a demonstration at the 
end of the week hundreds of students dumped gar- 
bage bags on the steps of the administration building 
to show their support for the strikers. 

Quick victory 

After only four days the strike was clearly won. 
Massive student and faculty support for the strike 
had closed the campus, and campus opinion clearly 
supported the strikers (a petition in support of the 
workers' demands was signed by 2,600 people in two 
days). The administration gave way and made large 
concessions in their offer. 

In effect, parity with UdeM and UQAM was 
secured. Two extra paid holidays were granted, 
fl 1 00,000 of the sick-leave fund was handed over, job 
descriptions were provided, and a grievance pro- 
ceedure was set up. A cheerful assembly of union 
members accepted the offer by a vote of 75 per cent. 
The only unresolved issue concerned the university's 
hiring of non-union contract labour. 

Loc. 298's victory inspired another attempt at 
unionisation amongst library staff. The Canadian 
Union of Public Employees (CUPE) had 30 per cent 
of the library workers signed up by the first week of 
November 1973. 

Once again the union drive was defeated. On 
November 15th an unsigned "anonymous" leaflet 
appeared in the University libraries attacking unions. 
The leaflet contained a long list of erroneous allega- 
tions. It claimed that massive dues would have to be 
paid to the union, that holidays would be reduced, 
that time clocks would be introduced and that 
workers would be forced to go on strike. No universi- 
ty official claimed to have any involvement with this 
document. Despite union attempts to counter the 
distortions and rumours, they damaged the union 
drive again. 

MULSA decided to dissolve itself into the larger, 
campus-wide staff association, MUNASA. .A 
MUNASA recruiting drive began in the libraries in 
January of 1974. Part of the recruitment campaign 
included a drawing for a trip for two to Florida. 
CUPE members denounced MUNASA as a 
"classical company union". 

The university choose to announce a staff wage in- 
crease of five per cent through MUNASA, giving 
many workers the impression that MUNASA had 
secured the increase. In fact, the government had 
given universities a grant increase of nearly 10 per 
cent, and at UQAM and UdeM unionised staff 
received 10 per cent increases. The same old tactics 
had worked again and the union drive never achieved 
enough members for legal accreditation. 

For the next couple of years things were relatively 
quiet. In January of 1975 a group of clerical staff 
formed an organising committee for the formation of 
a union amongst clerical workers. The National 

continued on next page 


continued from pnrlom pagt 
Union of McGill Office and Technical Employees 
(NU MOTE) never real y managed to make a great im- 
pact on campus. They were quickly diffused by the 
MUNASA leadership who began to give hints that 
MUNASA might seek accreditation or syndication. 

This seemed to many people an indication that the 
organisation was moving towards becoming a union. 
Not so. Firstly, MUNASA would not be able to 
achieve syndical recognition due to the presence of 
"M" category managerial staff in the organisation. 
Simple accreditation as an association, on the other 
hand, would bring little in the way of legal bargain- 
ing power with it. Nevertheless, many staff were led 
to believe that MUNASA might become more than a 
social grouping. NUMOTE never achieved any 
sizeable sign-up. 

TAs get organized 

In late 1975 another group of McGill staff began to 
break with the collégial consensus. Teaching 
Assistants — graduate students paid by their depart- 
ment to assist in teaching, marking and other 
academic duties — had organised an the McGill 
Teaching Assistants Association (MTAA) to deal 
with their many grievances. 

TA wage rates and working hours varied greatly 
from faculty to faculty, and the MTAA was seeking 
official recognition and some kind of standardised 
pay scale. The university refused to negotiate with 
the MTAA, and there were frequent discussions of 
the possibilities of unionising TAs, as had been done 
at the Universities of Toronto, Québec and British 

In early December TAs organized a work slow 
down. The primary problem with TA unionisation 
was that the MTAA was heavily dominated by Arts 
faculty members, and accreditation required the sign- 
ing up of many Science TAs. To this day the MTAA 
has failed in several attempts at accreditation because 
of the lack of support outside of Arts. 

By February of 1976, with the threat of a TA strike 
looming, the university gave way to many of the 
TAs' demands. A cost of living allowance was 
granted and a grievance procedure was established. 

At the end of 1976 Local 298 achieved a new con- 
tract with the university which required no more than 
the threat of a strike. A new job security clause was 
added, and McGill finally agreed to the universities' 
common front contract conditions (covering all CSN 
and FTQ workers in the universities) on pay and con- 
tract length. The unionized workers at McGill were 
the only staff who enjoyed full parity with other 

The McGill Faculty Union had continued to exist 
throughout this period, slowly increasing its member- 
ship from approximately 30 to about 200, but it had 
failed to break the hold of the MAUT. On October 1 , 
1976, the MFU initiated what was to become a 

lengthy and confusing legal battle against the 
MAUT. They charged that the MAUT was violating 
the labour code by preventing unionisation of faculty 
and acting as an instrument of the University 
management. The MFU also claimed that the MAUT 
was offered certain services that the MFU was 
denied, such as a discount on internal mail services 
and automatic docking of membership fees from pay 
packets by the administration. The MFU filed for an 
order of dissolution against the MAUT. 

Here comes another one... 
The 1979-80 school year featured another dispute 
between the university and Loc. 298. There were two 
series of negotiations for the union: one with the 
government, negotiated throughout the university 
system by the common front, and the other with the 
McGill administration for the local clauses in the 

There was a one day Québec walkout by the 
universities common front on November 7th, which 
McGill members of Loc. 298 joined. The national 
universities agreement was reached without need for 
further action, but the discussions at McGill over the 
local clauses dragged on. 

The discussions at McGill concerned a vast number 
of clauses in the local agreement. Wages were not an 
issue, since these were governed by the national 
agreement, but syndical rights (union activities and 
access for officials), grievance procedures, job 
security, workloads and the still unresolved question 
of the university contracting non-union labour were 
still in dispute. 

McGill's second major strike started on Monday, 
February 18th, 1980. The membersof Loc 298 called 
for faculty and student support. The MFU and the 
MTAA called upon their members to respect picket 
lines, but initial support for the strike came slower 
than it had in the previous strike. The university 
threatened to dock pay for faculty and staff who 
refused to cross picket lines. 

The strikers were essentially fighting for the reten- 
tion of the status quo from their last contract. The 
university wanted to redefine job descriptions to 
allow for large scale layoffs during thé summer mon- 
ths and reclassification on the job (to double up posi- 
tions as a means of cutting staff). The university also 
wanted part-time workers excluded from the seniori- 
ty scales (thus removing their job security). "The 
University is making a concerted and systematic at- 
tack on the union," said union official Simon Berlin. 

By the middle of the week campus support was 
starting to grow. A Strike Suppport Committee was 
formed and a number of classes were cancelled. 
"A just and honourable settlement" 

Weekend negotiations failed to reach an agreement 
and the strike dragged on to the following week. 
Close to 100 classes were cancelled and the Strike 
Support Committee meetings were attended by over 
one hundred students. Once again MUNASA, 

MAUT, and the Student's Society refused to support 
the strikers. Some students' council members even 
claimed that supporting the strikers would decrease 
the quantity of money left for books and teaching. 

The strike ended on February 28th in what Simon 
Berlin described as "a just and honourable settle- 
ment." The status quo was retained in most areas, 
layoffs were limited by mutual agreement, and 
seniority and syndical rights were maintained. It was 
another victory for Loc. 298. 

In recent years there have been no big unionisation 
drives. Teaching Assistants last voted in October 
1980 to seek accreditation but the plan wasn't follow- 
ed up. 

The first stage of the long running MFU-MAUT 
action was resolved in 1981 with the court refusing to 
dissolve MAUT. The MAUT could not be acted 
against, it was ruled, because it did not constitute a 
legal entity. The court advised the two organisations 
to meet and settle their differences, but their 
disagreements remain pending and unresolved. Fur- 
the court actions are still possible. . 

Legal observers, and certain university ad- 
ministrators, noted, however, that the MFU-MAUT 
ruling could seriously threaten the status of 
MUNASA. If the same type of action were taken by 
a group of clerical staff against MUNASA then they 
would probably win the legal case because MUNASA 
does participate in salary negotiations. 

So what happens now? 

In recent years a new, and potentially fatal, threat 
has emerged to challenge collegiality. Budget cuts in 
education, from both the provincial and federal 
governments, are causing budgetary crises in all 

One of the major concessions made by the univer- 
sity to clerical staff, no doubt to bolster MUNASA 
and prevent unionisation, has been a rough wage 
parity with unionised staff in the other Québec 

This parity agreement has now been abandoned by 
the university in its search for quick savings at the ex- 
pense of its employees. Other Québec universities 
have received the same budget cuts and have less en- 
dowments and reserve funds than McGill, yet they 
have honoured their collective agreements. 

McGill, through a series of crisis inducing meetings 
and some clever public relations, has managed to ob- 
tain an agreement from MUNASA to what amounts 
to wage cuts (increases well below the rate of infla- 
tion). Many of the traditionally docile MUNASA 
members have been angrily comparing their fate to 
the conditions at other Québec universities (and also 
to the Loc. 298 workers at McGill who are still receiv- 
ing common front increases). 

Once again parity is a long way off. MUNASA has 

continued on next pago 

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Allied Jewish Community Services 

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YPF committees operate on a year-round basis to develop 
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If you would like to join one of our committees, or need more 
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1982-83 Season 


All voices welcome. 


rnwTArr DAY 288-5281 285-5395 

CONTACT EVE 481-5175 484-6430 


continuai from pnrtout pig» 
again raised the idea of certification, but no action 
has been taken*and no word is forthcoming on the 
continued presence of managerial staff in the 
organisation. A final pay agreement between 
MUNASA and the university for this year has not yet 
been reached. 

Stormy weather coming 

The assault on McGill workers has only just 
begun. Both the provincial and federal governments 
have embarked upon a path towards a massive con- 
frontation with labour in the next six months. 

The feds have announced their facile five and sue 
per cent solution to inflation. As a Radio-Canada 
survey in early August of this year revealed, wage in- 
creases have a minimal effect on inflation (interest 
rates and energy markets are crucial in fact, not pay). 

What will clearly affect universities is the all out 
coup deforce of the Québec government against 
public sector employees. The government demanded 
last spring that the common front re-open contract 
negotiations on the current agreement, with a view to 
accepting wage cuts before the next common front 
contract comes up at the end of November. The 
unions told the government that they were willing to 
negotiate but not to be dictated to, and that a con- 
tract was a contract and not subject to unilateral 

The government has responded by stating that the 
present contract will stand, but that it expects to 
receive wage cuts from the unions in the first months 
of the next common front agreement. Instructions 
have already been sent to Québec universities to the 
effect that these cuts should be made starting next 
January, unless staff agree to forego their contracted 
increases. An 18.5 per cent cut in wages is clearly 
unacceptable to the union movement in a time of 
rapidly rising prices. 

Attack from all sides 

McGill workers are facing attack from their own 
administration, the provincial government and the 
federal government. They are not alone in the present 
crisis, which will also threaten the wages of teachers, 
hospital workers, public servants and a host of other 
essential employees. 

Those workers at McGill who have no union will 
possibly be forced to accept even greater wage cuts 
than their unionised counterparts. Discussions bet- 
ween the administration and MUNASA and MAUT 
have achieved little. Clerical wages are already nine 
per cent lower than UQAM staff. The days of col- 
legiality and company unions are clearly over; sugary 
platitudes don't put food on the table. If McGill' s 
clerical workers are to have any chance of keeping 
their earnings above the poverty line, they must 
unionise now.O 


" I Vite TO fcfc. 


rbf=rO OK* 

Students' Society: and in conclusion... 

contlnutd from pas* 21 

They wanted a better pub, a better cafeteria, the 
extension of vending machine operations into other 
university buildings, rationalization of the Society's 
typesetting operation, and so on. The executive only 
wanted to have a larger hand in it, and given the basic 
agreement between the executive and executive direc- 
tor & co., they met little resistance. 

Things got trickier for the new Students' Society 
structure during the term of President Todd 
Ducharme (1980-1981), because unlike the previous 
three executives, the Ducharme executive's focus was 
moderately political. Not a return to 1960's style 
"radicalism" by any means, but a mild shifting of 
priorities from business expansionism to defining a 
more active role for student representatives on 
McGill's decision-making bodies. 

A high-profile symbol of the new focus was the 
Students' Society's campaign to get McGill money 
out of companies active in South Africa. It was a 
good cause which for a time drew a fair amount of 
support from students, and it had nothing at all to do 
with expanding the cafeteria. 

The new moderately-political focus given the 
Society by the Ducharme executive inevitably opened 
a debate as to the role of the entrepreneurial super- 
structure set up to take personnel, financial and 
Union building management out of the hands of 
students. If the Society's focus was now going to be 
mildly political, some people began to wonder, 
should the executive director-bureaucracy-joint 
management committee edifice dominate the 
organization as much as it did? 

During the term of Past President Liz Norman an 
effort was made by the four Society Vice-Presidents 
and a faction on Students' Council to trim the role of 
the entrepreneurial bureaucracy. The student ex- 
ecutive attempted to assume some of the functions 
traditionally reserved for the joint management com- 
mittee. The executive director came under a great 
deal of criticism from student Vice Presidents for 
allegedly arbitrary firings, and this criticism bloomed 
into a Council resolution declaring that the Society's 
structure was undemocratic. 

A council committee was formed to take a new 
look at the Society's set-up, and returned in the 
winter of 1982 with a report calling for the de- 
bureaucratization of the society, twinned with the re- 
introduction of open meetings and student-initiated 
referenda to once again give students themselves a 
direct say in how their Society is run. 

Norman didn't agree with these efforts. She sym- 
pathized with Executive Director Lerman and was 
unsure whether the Society's structure should be 
more democratic. Avoiding open debate on the issue, 
she manipulated Council agendas to ensure the 
restructuring proposals were never debated there. 
Her dissident vice presidents chose for reasons of 
their own not to aggressively confront her on the 
issue. When Norman's term came to an end, the ef- 
fort to reform the Society ended with her. 

It is still too early to evaluate the term of the cur- 
rent president, Bruce Williams. If the statements and 
first moves of his executive are any indication, 
however, his election indicates a return to the stance 
taken by the Reed and Eisen executives. The present 
student leadership not only accepts, but embraces the 
present structure of the Students' Society. Williams 
campaigned on a platform calling for the Society to 
turn away from the moderately political role carved 
out for it over the past two years. 

One is reminded, therefore, of what Andrew Year- 
wood had to say about society structure, as it was 
falling around his ears: 

"I sec my job as concentrating on PR work....The 
executive can't function when they have to do so 
much work. Professionals should take care of the 
money and leave the politics to the executive." 

Yearwood left behind a reputation as an incompe- 
tent, but in some ways he was a visionary; certainly in 
that comment he pointed the way for the new 
Students' Society. 

Seven years after he so succinctly stated the direc- 
tion the new Society would take, it seems he was 
wrong in only one particular: The executive doesn't 
care about politics anymore.!!] 

—Brian Topp 



2525 boul Laurentien 
St-Laurent, Québec 
Tel: 335-0500 

j. Gilles Martel 


Colt, Sapporo. H-r # 
K, O-r 


St-Laurent / 


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w SîsL*> qp 

Pl.^NE^ARW^^■' >, 

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Still crazy 

after all 
these years 

Some would say that Jean Drapeau has not 
been a good mayor. Very few would say 
that he has been a bad politician. Drapeau 
first started putting in his customary 
sixteen-hour days as mayor before many of today's 
Montréalers were born. 

Except for the 1957 election Drapeau has won the 
mayoralty race in a convincing fashion ever since his 
first civic sortie in 1954. 

As this year's municipal election unfolds in the 
morning newspapers many voters will look at the 
Drapeau era with a mixture of awe and ignorance. 
There is some supposed mystical force which has 
bound Montréalers to the mayor for the past quarter 
century. This is the theory which the mayor's critics, 
who if not legion are certainly noisy, have pro- 
mulgated for the past ten years. The official and 
unofficial opposition for the most part refuse to 
acknowledge that Drapeau is a consummate politi- 
cian who, excepting the Olympics' financing debacle, 
has done only what he said he would do. 

The Drapeau style of governing holds that the 
mayor is only accountable to the voters on election 
day. Efforts to get him to answer to anybody else on 
any other occasion have proven fruitless. We have 
been waiting for a promised official reply to the 
Malouf report on the Olympics for two years. We 
probably have more waiting to do. 

The beginnings 

Drapeau has always been a hard worker, devoting 
long hours to whatever task might lie before him. He 
got his start in politics as the typical envelope- 
stuffing and errand-running youth. From there, with 
the help of his father, he gradually became a more 
important cog in the local Rosemount political 

He was successful as a salesman before turning his 
attention full time to law. His reputation as a fighting 
lawyer grew quickly and became his electoral spr- 
ingboard in the 1954 civic contest. Along the way he 
never stopped indulging his twin passions of politics 
and debate. 

Dipping a toe in the lake 

Drapeau's first attempt as a candidate for political 
office was not in a Montreal civic election but in a 
1942 federal by-election. 

Running for the Bloc Populaire, a quasi- 
nationalist party which grew out of the triumphant 
remnants of the Québec "NO" movement in the 

1942 conscription referendum, Drapeau lost, but 
with dignity, garnering more votes than predicted. 

His intellectual guru and patron at the time was 
L'Abbé Lionel Groulx, a father of the Québec na- 
tionalist movement and the man who gave this pro- 
vince its first history book. It is from Groulx that 
Drapeau took one of the guiding principles of his 
political life: that Québec, and therefore its cultural 
and economic center, Montréal, must show the rest 
of Canada and the world that French Canada is their 
equal. This thought found its expression in the gran- 
diose projects conceived and undertaken by Drapeau 
and his colleagues. 

The "motherland" 

Our Mayor of 25 years is now thought of as a 
federalist but it is worth remembering that like many 
of his political contemporaries in both Québec and 
Ottawa he served as a foot soldier in the nationalist 
movement in the thirties and forties. 

Occasionally speeches of this era had a more than 
faint aroma of fascism wafting through their inspira- 
tional texts. Appeals to race and "the (Québec) 
motherland" swabbed the ugly side of nationalism 
with foul fears and a xenophobia which has never 
quite dissipated. 

Drapeau was certainly not unique in carrying the 
nationalism torch. Viewed in context with some of 
the firebrands of the time he could be considered a 

Cleaning up the city 

Drapeau was first elected mayor in 1954, the first 
of his landslide victories, riding in on the coattails of 
his high-profile stint as counsel to the Caron inquiry 
into crime and corruption. 

At this point in its history Montréal was an open 
city. Native Montréalers with garrulous parents or 
relatives have probably heard several interesting 
stories about "blind pigs" and the Main. City Hall 
reporters of the day collected two salaries, one from 
their newspapers and one from the city government. 
Bordellos and gambling dens were not just idle chat- 
ter in an American movie, they were as real as the 
singles bars on Crescent St. are today. 

Drapeau took no prisoners in his drive to put his 
own personal stamp on City Hall. In the process he 
drove a permanent wedge between himself and some 
of the people who had been part of the drive to put 
him into the mayor's chair. 

Drapeau had barely enough time to set up house 

before he was fighting the 1957 election. He did not 
have the support of the dominant political machine 
of Premier Maurice Duplessis, and they beat 
Drapeau by 4,000 votes with their candidate, Sarto 
Fournier. Conrad Black, who wrote the definitive 
history of Duplessis and his long and tenacious hold 
on Québec, called the 1957 election the "most 
disgraceful campaign the Union Nationale ever ran." 
And the Union Nationale did not enjoy a reputation 
for fighting a clean fight, even when they were 
coasting. Vote-riggings, beatings, and the disappear- 
ing and reappearing ballot box were all part of the 
Duplessis machine's electoral repertoire. 

Stuff that ballot box, stuff it good 

In good time Drapeau exacted his revenge. In 
1960, literally on the eve of the municipal election, he 
almost single-handedly carried out a raid on a small 
apartment on the corner of Fort and St. Catherine 
where plans for the electioon day rigging of the 1957 
contest were found. The mayor-to-be made the 
somewhat dubious claim that these same plans were 
to be used to rig the upcoming election. The media 
gave the raid full coverage and Drapeau swept back 
into the mayor's office, with 44 councillors (of 66) 
riding into the council chamber under his Civic Party 

The 1960 election was the last one in which 
Drapeau did not run as the incumbent. 

Don't worry I'm in control here 

Drapeau began to solidify his hold on the city dur- 
ing this period. The only members of the Civic Party 
were those who had been invited to run under its ban- 
ner. This eliminated the problem of having to deal 
with party members and the usual business of 
democrats, such as annual meetings and policy con- 
ventions. Civic Party councillors were quite aware 
that they were in the council chambers as guests. And 
guests who misbehaved were crossed off the next 

According to Brian McKenna and Susan Purcell, 
authors of the kind biography, "Drapeau," he 
works. And then works some more. The mayor 
established work habits during the beginning of his 
reign which became part of his standard operating 
procedure. Answering every letter he received pro- 
mptly, driving around the city in the wee hours of the 
morning with a stack of notes beside him checking on 

continued on noxt pago 


eont/nu«f from previous p«o» 

citizens' complaints, being first in and last out of the 
City Hall offices, all became as integral to the 
Drapeau mayoralty as his chauffeur's trips to the 
Montréal Pool Room to pick up some steamies for 
the mayor's lunch. 

Smooth sailing 

Drapeau did not face any significant opposition 
until the 1970 election. The Front d'action politique 
(FRAP) was formed under the same type of umbrella 
coalition which created the Montréal Citizen's Move- 
ment four years later. It appeared to have some 
degree of support in the community until the citizen 
and community groups which had come on board 
jumped off the bandwagon when agreement on a 
mayoralty candidate proved impossible. This left 
FRAP with only a hollow shell of labor organizers 
and left-wing activists to carry on the fight. 

FRAP became linked with the FLQ through a 
small measure of fact and large measure of innuen- 
do, and with the subsequent kidnapping of James 
Cross and cold-blooded murder of Pierre Laporte 
their fate was sealed. Drapeau mounted an effective 
if somewhat repugnant smear campaign and again 
walked back into City Hall through the front door. 
He won 92.5 per cent of the popular vote. Every 
single district sent a Civic Party councillor to the 
august council chambers, an unprecedented sweep 
which completely shut out what feeble and febrile op- 
position there was. 

The soap opera begins 

In 1974 the Montréal Citizen's Movement (MCM) 
was formed as a fairly broad-based organization with 
necessary tics to anglophone and middle-class Mon- 
tréalers. The rhetoric of the left wing of the party was 
just that, rhetoric. Montréal has a long tradition, 
which stretches back to well before the Drapeau era, 
of electing mayors with broad-based appeal. 

In the 1976 summer of discontent the MCM caught 
that ethereal political moment which has launched so 
many an opposition party in the past. They elected 18 
councillors, the first substantial opposition presence 
in City Hall in years. The MCM's mayoralty can- 
didate, Jacques Couture, garnered two votes for 
every three of Drapeau's. Indeed, a respectable 

The MCM then followed another long tradition by 
flushing it all down the political toilet of internal dis- 
sent. During the election they had capitalized on 
Drapeau's inattention to the developing scandal of 
Olympic's financing as well as some unpopular deci- 
sions the mayor made, among which was the destruc- 
tion of hundreds of elm trees to make room for the 
acres of concrete poured by Olympic's architect 
Roger Taillebert. 

How do you spell "Waterloo? 

The MCM made headlinesthe news during the 1976 
election campaign with damning truths and damning 
lies about the presence of "Stalinists" and other 
assorted revolutionaries in their loosely ordered 
ranks. In the months after the election the MCM was 
still making news. When its conseil générale produc- 
ed a document which described capitalism as a 
"cancer" eating away at the city, it became clear that 
disagreements between factions of the party would 
become a cancer eating away at the MCM. After all, 
the proposal to nationalize the banks (city-ize?) did 
cause talk. 

Raising the dead 

The four years that the MCM spent in opposition 
did have some very positive results. Opposition coun- 
cillors exhumed long-dormant urban issues and ac- 
tually got the city to move on a few minor items. The 
Olympics became the center-piece of the opposition's 

vitriolic attack. Nick Auf der Maur, an MCM coun- 
cillor at that time, was particularly effective in this 
arena. Other issues, including zoning, green spaces, 
and historic preservation, were discussed. What? 
Discussion at City Hall? No, it couldn't be true. 

In April of 1977 Auf der Maur and fellow MCM 
councillor Bob Keaton were fired or they resigned, 
depending on who you talk to, from the MCM. They 
formed the Municipal Action Group (MAG), taking 
many MCM moderates and a good chunk of the par- 
ty platform with them. 

The stage was now set for the 1978 municipal elec- 
tions. MAG chose an ambitious young federal politi- 
cian and art collector, Serge Joyal, as their candidate 
for mayor. The MCM put forward an obscure 
bureaucrat, Guy Duquette, as their candidate. Both 
parties developed extensive platforms which were 
generally ignored by the population at large. Both 
parties again made mor'e news with their negative 
proposals rather than their positive ones. 

Running against Drapeau and harping on the 
Olympic fiasco and the lack of democracy at City 
Hall yielded the opposition parties one councillor 
each. Michael Fainstat (MCM) and Nick Auf der 
Maur (MAG) were each first past the post in their 
districts. The remaining 52 council seats went to 
Civic Party candidates. Drapeau polled 61 per cent of 
the popular vote with 5 1 per cent of the eligible voters 
casting their ballots. 

The incessant bickering between the two opposi- 
tion parties was the primary reason for the drop from 
18 to two councillors. MCMers put the blame on the 
MAGers for leaving the mother party and splitting 
the opposition vote. In one sense this is true. 
However, it is clear that the MCM umbrella was too 
small to accomodate the two major factions. 

A divorce tends to be final 

In retrospect it seems incredible that MAG and the 
MCM ever entertained any serious hope of regroup- 
ing under the same banner for the upcoming civic 

On again, off again negotiations started in 
December of last year and appear to have finally run 
their drawn-out course, what with Fainstat and Auf 
der Maur doing the suit and counter-suit tango over 
quotes in Maclean's magazine which were attributed 
to Auf der Maur. 

The two parties appear to be truly united only in 
their opposition to Mayor Drapeau. In the long run it I 
would be less harmful to Montréal to have more of 
the Drapeau era rather than an ill-fitting, counter- 
productive coalition of bickering opposition boors. 

At press time Drapeau's future plans remain 
unclear. The recently hospitalized mayor will not an- 
nounce his plans until September. If he does run, the 
opposition parties may succeed in electing more than 
their present two councillors. But not much more 
than that. 

If Drapeau does not run then it is most likely that 
his protégé, Yvon Lamarre, chairman of the ex- 
ecutive committee, will run in his place as head hon- 
cho of the Civic Party. The MCM appears to have 
settled on union lawyer Jean Doré as their mayoralty 
candidate, keeping up their tradition of backing 
obscure bureaucrats for mayor. MAG, if they don't 
get police boss Henri-Paul Vignola to run, will 
almost certainly find another suitable public figure. 
This scenario would at least yield more in the way of 
substantive discussion of (one would hope) substan- 
tive proposals for solving substantive problems. Oh 
to dream, to dream. 

Well everyone has problems 

Montréal has some serious problems, which, not to 
belittle the less important ones, are more significant 
than establishing neighbourhood councils or dealing 
with the status of women at City Hall. 

Drapeau's greatest failure has been the slow but in- 
exorable ceding of control of the city, and of the city- 
dominated Montréal Urban Community, to the pro- 
vincial government. 

Drapeau sold the city's soul to get the cash for the 
projects dear to his heart. Although the problem of 
provincial paternalism is not unique to Québec it has 
left Montréal without an effective spokesperson. The 
provincial government's policy of regionalized 
economic development often leaves the city out in 
the cold. This, and not the lack of democracy at City 
Hall, is the key to unlocking the Civic Party's hold 
on the voters. 

The harping will continue. The Drapeau era will 
continue. And Montréalers will continue to suffer. 
The stuff of which legends are made of, indeed.D 

— G. Pierre Goad 



Strolling downtown 

Downtown. Everyone is always going 
downtown. In smaller towns you go 
downstreet. In Montréal there is some 
dispute over where downtown is or where it should 
be. At the moment the downcst downtown is pro- 
bably at the intersection of McGill College Avenue 
and Ste. Catherine St. Various levels of government 
are trying to move it further east and have built or are 
building a number of large office buildings on a ver- 
tical axis centred roughly on Jeanne Mancc St. 

Downtown is always moving and in the course of 
this city's history it has taken a few large leaps. Con- 
tcmpory downtown Montréal grew up around Domi- 
nion Square and the Peel /Ste. Catherine area. It 
moved into what was essentially a low-density 
residential area and gradually spread outwards. It 
wreaked havoc on what used to be Montreal's grand 
avenues and eventually even the secluded and very 
upper-class Golden Square Mile fell victim to the 
congestion, noise, and dirt of the bustling commer- 
cial centre which was turn-of-the-ccntury Montréal. 

Notwithstanding the efforts of our many spend- 
happy governments downtown Montréal is generally 
accepted as falling within the boundaries formed by 
Dorchester, Guy, Pine, and Bleury on the south, 
west, north, and cast respectively. 

Cricket Anyone 

Starting eastwards from Guy things only really begin 
to hum once you reach Bishop. Where eager 
nighthawks now prance merrily along there alcohol- 
fueled way lacrosse and cricket players used to 
prance in their own way. Bishop was one of the last 
streets to be completed in the downtown area. 

The stretch below Ste. Catherine was constructed 
first and was quickly lined with houses. On the west 
side of the block most of these houses 
housing bars and hairdressers and the like. The cast 
side of the street has only one of the houses left. The 
lonely building which is home to the ever-popular 
Darwin's is a lonely outpost in an urban desert of 
parking lots. This is one of many, but certainly the 
most glaring, of the ugly empty holes which 
pockmark downtown Montreal. 

Take note of the office building on the north-east 
corner of Ste. Catherine and Bishop. The elegant 
decorative details and its dignified proportions make 
this one of the better buildings along the Ste. 
Catherine S'r^t strip. 

The block between de Maisoneuve and Ste. 
Catherine is also home to another of these lonely ur- 
ban outlaws. The Royal George Apartments lie 
smack dab in the middle of land, most of which has 
already been reduced to ignoble use as a parking 
playground, upon which Concordia University plans 
to build a complex whose primary purpose would be 
to house an expanded library. 

The Royal George and its rare, for Montréal, glaz- 
ed terra cotta facade were originally slated for 
demolition. Public outcry saved the building. Plans 
now call for it to be integrated into the Concordia 
complex. Do not be surprised if after blasting the 
rock around it ;to pour concrete for Concordia's 
nouveau institutional style complex, the Royal 
George proves to be sitting on weak foundations and 
falls to the ground. 

Across de Maisoneuve Concordia's Hall building 
lies in wait. It easily equals in sheer ugliness any of 
il ,1 ' 


^ iSIMil 

hi W^JÊShSm^ tola g 

McGill's forays into contempory institutational ar- 

Bishop of course runs parallel to Crescent St. The 
mccca for the beautiful and quitc-well-off-thank-you 
people, Crescent also lies on the old grounds of the 
old Montréal Lacrosse and Cricket Grounds. This is 
one of the most visually charming bar and boutique 
strcetscapes in Canada. The northernmost block of 
Crescent houses boutiques and offices and the wide 
variety oî turn-of-the-ccntury buildings have for the 
most part been treated kindly. This end of the street 
is magestically capped by the Erskine and American 
Church which sits facing the entrance to the street on 
the northern side of Sherbrooke. 

At the south-west corner of Crescent and Sher- 
brooke the first real apartment building in Montréal 
sits empty. But at least it sits. It was at one time 
another target of the wrecker's ball. While it is good 
news that another office tower will not tower over 
congested Sherbrooke St. the sign on the front of the 
building promising renovations has so far proven to 
be an empty promise, j 

Across the street the Montréal Museum of Fine 
Arts lends a vestige of dignity to poor old Sherbrooke 

St. The front steps and the magnificent front doors 
of the building are used these days mainly as a 
backdrop for photographing fashion models. En- 
trance to the museum is through the subway station 
style plexiglass bubbles afixed like high-tech pimples 
I to the sides of the front steps. 

The middle block of Crescent St. is the most 
frenetic segment of this short street. The sidewalk 
restaurant and bar terraces are great people-watching 
perches for truly committed voyeurs. This street is 
always full of painted women and well-coif fed men. 
The middle of the western side of this block is the site 
of one of the better renovation jobs in this part of 
town. Take a minute one day to walk into the bricked 
courtyard. It is not advisable to go in to take a look 
at night. 

The parking lot and apartment building on the 
lower part of this side of the block are a bit galling to 
say the least. At least the apartment building is set 
well back from the sidewalk. 

Crescent below Ste. Catherine is an even grungier 
version of the adjacent Bishop St. block. A row of 
buildings on the east side of the block are being 
renovated, after almost succumbing to terminal 
neglect. Perhaps this part of the street may one day 
have more people than cars within a few feet of its 

It is most unfortunate that specalators razed this 
section of downtown in successive binges of land 
assembly. The residential population is virtually ex- 
tinct. If the sturdy rowhouses which were once the 
bedrock of this small area were still standing, instead 
of being parked on, the urban rejuvanation which is 
taking place directly to the east (in the so called 
Shauhgnessy village area) might have had a chance of 
claiming a toehold in what has become basically a 
single use urban area. 

What about all those other streets 

Continuing in an eastward direction Mountain, 
Drummond, and Stanley flash by in quick succes- 
sion. Aside from a few interesting features these 
streets arc essentially your basic non-descript com- 
mercial mixed-used urban demilitarized zone 
seperating the office and bar/ boutique downtown 
zones. Small office buildings, a few bars, stores, and 
the occassional residential building live in relative 

Mountain St. between Sherbrooke and de Maison- 
neuve has a few late 1800s buildings which, save for 
one, are unfortunately loaded down with visually un- 
sympathetic signage. 

The remainder of downtown Mountain St. has 
been defiled by a truly exceptional number of park- 
ing lots. The only point of interest is 1234. This dub 
(located on Mountain just below Ste. Catherine), 
which is forever becing written up in Tommy Schnur- 
macher's Gazette gossip column, was once one of the 
most popular(?) funeral parlours on the city^ The 
front entrance is really quite beautiful. 

At the north-east and north-west corners of Moun- 
tain and Ste. Catherine respectively are the two im- 
posing edifices which used to and now house Ogilvy's 
decpartmcnt store. The first building (north-cast) 
went up in 1895. The second building came to be 15 
years later. 

If you have wondered whether the building which 
extends over de Maisonncuvc between Drummond 

continued on next page 


continued front previous page 

and Stanley was designeed that way. It wasn't. The 
street was enlarged after the building was constructed 
and a decision was taken to simply run the street 
through the building. And why not. 

There are two Mount Stephen Clubs on Drum- 
mond. The building which is now the Mount Stephen 
Club was originally built for George Stephen in the 
the mid-1880s. The other Mount Stephen Club is the 
building with the anchor in front of it further up the 
street. The anchor implies some kind of naval con- 
nection. And indeed there is one. The building is now 
a naval reserve recruiting center. 

Around the corner on Sherbrooke St. towards the 
Stanley corner is one of the better if not the best at- 
tempt to date on ravaged Sherbrooke St. to preserve 
the street's original feel while still accomodating the 
office building construction which is now a perma- 
nent feature of downtown Montréal. 

Further east the downtown area genrally 
deteriorates. The one area of interest worth noting is 
Dominion Square. At one time a cemctary, this large 
downtown public green space is still full of bustle 
even if its role as Montréal's premier public place has 

Alas space does not permit us to travel through 
every city neighbourhood, all of which have 
fascinating histories. If learning your history on the 
street is an idea which grabs you by the throat and 
just won't let go, look for the walking tours organiz- 
ed by Save Montréal during the summer months. 
They are almost always interesting and are a good 
way to immerse oneself in the urban lore of Mon- 



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«W M f nothing else, the enigma that is the Mon- 
; tréal Urban Community Transit Commis- 
M I sion has manage*} to transcend its purely 
functional and ordinarily non- 
controversial role. What in other cities is merely an 
inexpensive way to get to work, school or play, has in 
this city become a matter of public opinion rallying 
even the most apathetic of Montréalers and confus- 
ing even the most enlightened. 

The ambivalent emotions the MUCTC elicits are 
clear: Tourists and newcomers to the city revel open- 
ly in the cleanliness, safety, and efficiency, of its 
buses and mctros; veteran Montréalers, on the other 
hand, jaded by the MUCTCs history of labor strife, 
constantly rising fares, and the less than pleasant at- 
titude of drivers and ticket personnel, can only smirk 
diplomatically at this and hope for the day when the 
rose colored appearances and the more opaque reali- 
ty merge into one. The reasons why the situation is as 
bad as it is and why it is allowed to deteriorate are not 
so clear. 

A History of 

The MUCTC has always been a "passing" fancy 
for tourists here on limited stays. In its youth, the 
metro system carried them to select corners of the 
island — chief among which was one one the 
system's raisons d'etre, Expo '67 (now Man and His 
World or Man and His Ghost Town). As it approach- 
ed puberty in the seventies, the network matured to 
reach yet another international showcase, the Olym- 
pic Stadium in the cast end of Montréal. Since then, 
the metro has inched its way further west past 
Bonaventure into deepest, darkest N.D.G. and past 
Atwater through Pointe St-Charlcs, Lasalle, and 

Metro maps now promise a line to circle the moun- 
tain making the Université de Montréal more accessi- 
ble, a line into the northeast tip of the island past St- 
Lconard and Ville D'Anjou, commuter train link-ups 
and, last but not least, no less than four more cor- 
respondence points to rival Berri-de-Montigny. What 
had started as a tourist attraction will in the future 
service Montréalers themselves more efficiently. 

Of Strife and Strikes 
The single most irritating facet of the MUCTC in 
the hearts of commuters is its history of on agai, off 
again strikes. Earlier this year, drivers and metro 
operators teased weathered commuters by rotating 
services — no buses one day, no mctros the next. 
THe late July strike was the 33rd since the first strike 
in 1965. 

Joining in the dance throughout the years have 
been maintenance and office workers, all two- 
stepping around issues like wages, indexation, salary 
insurance, uniforms, overtime, scheduling, firings, 
and most recently, the MUCTC management's pro- 
posal to hire part-time drivers. Back to work injunc- 
tions, violent clashes, and name calling have more 
often than not set the tone, giving the MUCTC the 
dubious distinction of having never settled any one 
dispute by reasonable two-party negotiations. 
Rather, government intervention and/or mediation 

has been the rule but usually only after it was decided 
that suffering commuters had been held hostage long 

Montréal's 500,000 commuters, having stood with 
their backs to the wall for too long, have only recent- 
ly begun to organize against the strikes (calling for 
the mass firing of strikers, some for the resignation 
of MUCTC Chairman Lawrence Hanigan) and 
amongst themselves (organizing car pools, picking up 
hitch-hikers, etc.). In fact, with each strike Mon- 
tréalers learn a new lesson in coping with traffic 
snarls, not to mention patience and tolerance for 
what they see as anarchic behaviour on the part of 
the transit unions. 

Adding fuel to this fire is the Germain Jutras 
report of May '82 on thé labor problems that are 
plaguing the transit system. Jutras is quick to con- 
demn the union for thwarting any attempts at a 
civilized sttlement to the disputes. The union 
counters that the administration is not bargaining in 
good faith, is tarnishing the union's image in the eyes 
of the public by not restoring full service after the last 
strike, and is inciting a strike by firing union stewards 

"-commuters wake up 

with a new kind of 
morning sickness: that 
sinking feeling of a day 
without transit" 

on trumped-up sabotage charges. As the beat went 
on, commuters more often than not woke up with a 
new kind of morning sickness: that sinking feeling of 
a day without transit. 

So why are these shenanigans allowed to continue? 
Why hasn't anyone (except maybe the public) con- 
cecded that the status quo situation is futile and that 
major reforms and concessions arc needed? The ra- 
tional road towards an honorable settlement seems to 
have been abandoned long ago by all the major 

Although the unions may have legitimate 
grievances, their blind attitude toward the 
commuter's plight hasn't garnered them any public 
support. They strike in the dead of winter; they 
refuse to reimburse pass-holders for days lost by 
strikes claiming it isn't their job to do so; and, while 
others arc buckled by the recession, they rake in ex- 
ecutive salaries and condemn the hiring of 400 more 
Montréalers as part-time drivers claiming that they 
will cut into their overtime wages and possibly 
threaten to break their union. 

Management, on the other hand, has been just as 
pig-headed in its flexibility. Chairman Lawrence 
Hanigan realizes that he has public opinion on his 
side (and not necessarily justifiably so) and, set 
against the background of his secure ten year tenure, 
he declares a war of attrition and then sits back and 

waits for divine intervention to sort things out. It 
comes in the form of government emergency legisla- 
tion after the obligatory two or three days of traffic 
pandemonium. Victory, when it comes, however, is 
more Pyrrhic than sweet. 

The Québec government, under whose auspices the 
MUCTC falls (the Montreal Urban Community has 
nominal authority over the transit barons), has been 
called upon on more than one occasion to order the 
strikers back to work. The relief is usually cosmetic, 
buying precious negotiation time until the next road- 

Oddly enough, it is the Québec government that 
stands to gain the most from a transit strike. It sub- 
sidizes 40 per cent of the MUCTCs annual budget 
and saves an estimated n500,000 a day during a 

This action-reaction routine of Montréal transit 
strikes has proven to be the most effective way of set- 
tling any dispute. The bargaining table has long since 
become obsolete but drivers and operators have been 
conditioned to remain confident that their demands 
will nevertheless be met. Everyone wins. The public 

But when the buses are on... 

Fortunately, the MUCTC refrain of the past year 
has not been all sour grapes. Bikers did recently win a 
long fight for the right to take their bikes on the 
metro. After some pretty heavy lobbying by militant 
bike groups, the MUCTC agreed to allow a limited 
number of bikers with special 05.00 passes onto the 
last car of the Longueuil-Bcrri route and even then 
only on weekends. 

Early last year, the MUCTC made it possible for 
those who use the bus and metro fairly regularly to 
obtain a monthly flash pass for n2I.OO. If you're a 
daily commuter or if you use the system at least eight 
times a week it is worth your while to invest in one of 
these. The passes are sold beginning on the 20th of 
the previous month at ticket counters (you need a re- 
cent photograph of yourself). Otherwise, a book of 
15 tickets will set you back n9.00 and individual fares 
have now reached flO.75. Students under 18 can get 
special flash cards or student passes that they can ap- 
ply to individual fares or to sinfully cheap tickets. 

McGilPs reputation as a commuter campus has 
detracted from its active student life. Students who 
have been stranded at late night parties know all too 
well that the MUCTC keeps Toronto hours. Most 
metro lines make their last runs between 1:00 and 
1:30 a.m. and arrive at Berri just in time for you to 
catch a connecting train. Most buses only run a little 
longer but some (namely the 31 along St-Denis and 
the 15 that moves east on Ste-Catherine and then cast 
on dc Maisonncuve) run all night and become a cozy 
haven for an assortment of street types. 

City maps detailing services, timetables, fares and 
routes for both the metro and the bus system arc 
available at most ticket counters. Additional infor- 
mation can be obtained by dialing 

— Gino Apponi 



r - révocation 

XT CEffl>« 




You And The Law 

Do you have a problem? Need legal information? 
Need a lawyer? 

The McGill Campus Legal Aid Clinic is open from 
9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Monday to Friday to answer 
your questions and to help clarify any legal problems 
you may have. Whether you need information about 
leases, contracts, divorce, criminal offences, im- 
migration or any other area of the law, the staff of 
the Clinic can help you. 

All of the following articles on points of law of in- 
terest to students have been prepared by staffers of 
the Legal Aid Clinic. 

The Clinic's staffers can also refer you to a lawyer 

if you need someone to represent you in court or 
otherwise act on your behalf. They can help you 
avoid problems by informing you of your rights and 
obligations before you act. All staff members are up- 
per year law students working in consultation with 
practising lawyers. 

You can find the Clinic in Union Building room 
B20. No appointment is necessary. If you read the 
Daily or tune in to Radio McGill you will find legal 
information in the form of weekly columns and 
broadcasts, all provided by the Legal Aid Clinic. In- 
terested groups may inquire at the Clinic about in- 
viting volunteer speakers to lecture on specific areas 
of the law. □ 

CRIMINAL LAW* Getting arrested 

Stopped by the police? Scared? Need to 
know your rights? Perhaps this situation 
will never arise but in case it does you owe 
it to yourself to know what your rights are 
if and when a police officer stops you. As well, you 
should be aware of some of the activities which the 
Government of Canada classifies as "crimes." 

The Canadian Criminal Code is the law which 
regulates criminal activity in Canada. It lists all of- 
fences and the penalties to which an accused may 
find her or himself sentenced. In addition, certain 
provincial and federal statutes create offences which 
are punishable by criminal sanctions. 

Crimes are either summary offences or indictable 
offences, but in some cqses the prosecutor may 
choose to procède by one mode or the other. The dif- 
ference is that summary conviction offences carry 
lesser penalties, usually fines and /or jail terms of less 
than six months. Indictable offences can also carry 
fines, but jail terms arc the more likely penalty and 
these can range from a few months to life imprison- 
ment. Both indictable and summary offences carry 
criminal records. 

Obligations of a police officer 

If a police officer stops you, s/he is usually stopp- 
ing you to inquire about a) an offence under the 
criminal code or a provincial or federal statute or b) 
to arrest you because you are suspected of commit- 
ting either type of offence. 

In any case the police officers are obliged to iden- 
tify themselves. If they intend to arrest you they may 
have a warrant for your arrest (or be aware of such a 

warrant) in which case they must produce the docu- 
ment, or, in some cases, an officer may arrest you 
without a warrant. S/he may do this when s/he cat- 
ches you committing an offence. If the offence has 
recently been committed or is on the verge of being 
committed (i.e. the police officer does not find you in 
the act of committing an offence), then whether or 
not s/he requires a warrant depends on the nature of 
the offence. 

Arrest without a warrant 

If the offence is a serious one (usually an indictable 
offence) such as murder, rape, theft, fraud, or 
possession of stolen goods, the police officer may ar- 
rest you without a warrant. If the offence is less 
serious, for example disturbing the peace unaccom- 
panied by causing injury to persons or property, then 
the officer should have a warrant. 

Before a police officer proceeds to arrest an in- 
dividual s/hc must have a reasonable belief that the 
person is involved in the commission of the offence 
or is the person who actually committed the offence. 
Aiding and abetting in the commission of many 
crimes is a criminal offence, as is conspiring to com- 
mit a crime. 

The police officer may not arrest a person without 
a warrant merely to interrogate the individual. 

When a police officer arrests a person s/he must 
tell the person that s/he is under arrest and must state 
the reasons why. Technically, an individual may 
resist arrest if any of the above conditions arc not 
met. In practice this might result in an irritation to 
the police officer, and cause more trouble for the 

citizen than submitting to the arrest and later taking 
action against the officer if the arrest was, in fact, il- 

Recourse for illegal arrest 

If the arrest was illegal the citizen may a) file a 
complaint with the police review board, b) take 
criminal action against an officer who assaults 
and/or physically injures the individual, or c) take a 
civil action against the officer for damages and in- 
terest if the individual, her/his belongings (such as 
glasses, teeth, clothing) or reputation suffered as a 
direct consequence of the illegal arrest. 

You know that you are under arrest if the officer 
tells you so; asks you to follow her/him to the sta- 
tion; takes you by force; places handcuffs on your 
wrists or informs you that a warrant exists for your 

Before being arrested a person can refuse to 
answer questions or to identify her/ himself, but 
refusing to identify oneself or being hostile to the ar- 
resting officer may, again, cause practical problems 
for the individual. It may also provide the officer 
with the "reasonable cause" s/hc needs to proceed 
with an arrest. In all cases when a person is stopped 
for a Highway Code offence, the person must iden- 
tify her/himself when asked to do so. 

Right to remain silent 

After being arrested, a person has the right to re- 
main silent, that is, to refuse to answer questions not 

continued on next paao 


You And The Law 

continued from previous page 

pertaining to her/his identity. Remember that if you 
choose not to remain silent, anything and everything 
you say can be written down and used against you in 
a court of law. The arrested individual also has a 
right to contact a lawyer and it is best to do this 
before answering any questions. If you do not know 
a lawyer, you can contact a provincial 
legal aid office. Also, you have a right to com- 
municate with your lawyer confidentially. 

Since at this stage the accused might be asked ques- 
tions about the offence, contacting a lawyer is a good 
idea. When the accused is brought before a judge 
s/he will be asked to enter a plea or, if applicable, 
choose a trial by judge alone or by judge and jury. 
Responses to these questions are very important and 
should be made with the guidance of a legal profes- 

If you have been arrested and detained you must 
be brought before a judge within 24 hours — or as 
soon as possible. If, for example, you are arrested 
during a weekend there may be no judge available 
until Monday morning. 

Search and seizure 

A police officer has the right to search you before 
arrest if s/he believes that you have in your posses- 
sion drugs or concealed weapons or illegal arms. 
After arrest a police officer may search an individual 
for anything — including evidence of the crime for 
which you are being arrested. For example, if you are 
suspected of theft or possession of stolen goods the 
officer may search you for these items. 

A police officer may search a dwelling if s/he has a 
search warrant or a writ of assistance. A search war- 
rant specifies the dates and times when an officer 
may search a particular dwelling and the reasons 
why. The officer must present the warrant before 
entering the premises. A writ of assistance is given to 
police working under special statutes, such as the 
Narcotic Control Act or the Food and Drugs Act, 
which oblige the citizen to render "assistance" to the 
police when requested. The writ of assistance does 
not specify times or dates, but it obliges the citizen to 
comply with the officer's request for aid. Again, the 
officer must produce the writ before the individual is 
required to admit the officer to the premises. 


Whether a police officer may enter a private dwell- 
ing to conduct a "raid" depends on several factors. 
Firstly, if the officer has reason to believe that a 
serious criminal offence is being committed (murder, 
rape, etc.) s/he may enter any dwelling. If the officer 
has received complaints that a group of partyers are 
disturbing the peace, s/he has no right to enter the 
dwelling without a search warrant or writ of 
assistance. The Bill of Rights in the new Canadian 
Constitution protects citizens from "unreasonable 
search and seizure." This, of course, has yet to be in- 
terpreted in the courts but the owner of a dwelling is 
under no obligation to allow entry to police officers 
who are merely answering a neighbour's call that par- 
tyers are disturbing the peace. Specific laws regulate 
access by police to places other than dwelling houses. 
The Narcotic Control Act, for example, allows police 
to search — without a warrant — any place other 
than a dwelling house and seize narcotics found 

Crimes and Punishments 

Various crimes for which a person can be punished 

Possession of a narcotic. Narcotics, which include 

marijuana, cocaine and heroin, amongst others, are 
regulated by the Narcotic Control Act. It is an of- 
fence to possess these substances, and possession is 
more than just holding the narcotics in your hand. It 
includes having the substance in your personal 
possession, knowingly having it in the actual posses- 
sion or custody of another, or having it in any place 
for the use or benefit of yourself or another. 

Possession is punishable on summary conviction 
(first offence) with a $1000 fine and/or imprison- 
ment for six months. Subsequent offences, pro- 
secuted by way of summary conviction, are 
punishable with possible fines totalling $2000 and/or 
one year in jail. If the prosecutor proceeds by indict- 
ment, instead of by summary process, and obtains a 
conviction, the maximum penalty is seven years in 

Trafficking in a narcotic. This is more serious than 
mere possession and it is irrelevant to the determina- 
tion of penalties whether the substance is a narcotic 
or whether it is another substance held out to be a 
narcotic by the person trafficking in it. Trafficking 
means giving, selling, transporting, sending, deliver- 
ing, manufacturing, or distributing a narcotic, or of- 
fering to do so. 

Importing or exporting a narcotic. This carries a 
mandatory minimum penalty of seven years in prison 
and a maximum of life imprisonment, even if the im- 
porting or exporting is of a small quantity of a nar- 
cotic for the personal use of the importer/ exporter. 

Possession of, or trafficking in, controlled drugs. 
These drugs are listed in the Food and Drugs Act and 
include a wide range of drugs, not considered to be 
narcotics, but which are regarded as potentially 
dangerous enough that possession or trafficking, 
upon summary conviction, will cost the offender up 
to 18 months in jail. On indictment the result will be 
up to ten years imprisonment. 

Theft. Shoplifting is a form of theft, as is the 
unauthorized taking of property belonging to 
another person, with the intention of depriving the 
owner of the property temporarily or absolutely. 
Theft of property valued at less than $200 is 

punishable by way of summary conviction or indict- 
ment. In the first case the penalties are six months in 
jail and/or fines totaling not more than $500. If the 
object of the theft is valued greater than $200, the 
procedure is by way of indictment and the maximum 
penalty is ten years in jail. 

Possession of stolen goods. Accepting or keeping 
stolen goods is an indictable offence. To commit the 
offence the offender must be aware that the property 
was obtained from the commission of an offence in 
Canada, or obtained by means which would have 
constituted an offence if executed in Canada. The of- 
fence carries a penalty of up to ten years in jail, 
depending on the nature and the value of the goods. 

Assault. Applying force intentionally to the person 
of another, directly or indirectly, without the consent 
of that person, or with the consent if it is obtained by 
fraud, is an assault. So is attempting or threatening,, 
by act or gesture, to apply force to another if the vic- 
tim has reasonable grounds to believe that the of- 
fender has the ability to carry out her/his threats. 
Assault also includes threatening another person 
while openly carrying a weapon or imitation of a 

Leaving the scene of an accident. If you are involved 
in an accident when you have the "care and control" 
of any vessel and you fail to stop, with the intent of 
escaping civil or criminal liability, you may be guilty 
of this offence. If you fail to give your name and ad- 
dress to the other parties involved, and fail to give 
assistance to any person who requires (or appears to 
require) assistance, you are guilty of an indictable of- 
fence. This renders the offender liable to imprison- 
ment for up to two years. The prosecutor could pro- 
ceed by way of summary process in which case the 
penalties are somewhat less severe. 

Suicide. The perpetrator of a successful suicide ob- 
viously cannot be punished, but counselling or aiding 
and abetting a person to commit suicide whether or 
not suicide ensues is an indictable offence. Offenders 
face jail terms of up to 14 years. 

Driving while under the influence of drugs or 
alcohol. If you are sitting behind the wheel of a 
motor vehicle, after voluntarily consuming or in- 
gesting something which would impair your mental 
faculties, you may be guilty of driving while your 
ability is impaired. 

Driving with more than .08 milligrams of alcohol 
in the bloodstream (more than 80 mg. of alcohol per 
100 ml. of blood) is also an offence committed once 
you have the "care and control" of a motor vehicle, 
whether or not it is in motion. This is measured by a 
breathalyzer test and refusing to take such a test once 
a police officer requests this of you, is a criminal of- 
fence. All three of these offences are punishable by 
way of indictment or summary conviction. The 
penalties imposed depend on the number of times 
that the accused has committed the offence and range 
from fines of $5O-$2,OO0 and/or up to six months in 
jail for a first offence, to mandatory prison terms of 
14 days to two years in prison for second and subse- 
quent offences. In addition, Quebec's Highway Code 
provides for the revocation of licences of drivers con- 
victed of these offences. 

Many other activities constitute crimes in CanaLF 
including behavior as diverse as failing to provide the 
necessities of life to people in your care, murder, 
manslaughter, practicing witchcraft, distributing 
hate propaganda with the intent to incite hatred and 
alarming her majesty. 

—Isabel Schurman 


You And The Law 


Everyone who comes and settles in Canada 
as a permanent resident will eventually 
have the right to apply for Canadian 
citizenship. The application procedure is 
fairly straightforward, but the effects of a change in 
status are sometimes surprising. Before making an 
application, the candidate should be aware of the ef- 
fects of becoming a citizen, the consequences of dual 
citizenship, the application process itself, and the 
possibility of citizenship being revoked in the future. 

Permanent residency vs. Citizenship 

In general, a permanent resident in Canada has all 
the obligations of a citizen under the law, but has 
fewer rights. The most important consequence of 
becoming a Canadian citizen is that you are no longer 
liable to be deported. A permanent resident may be 
deported if s/hc is convicted of a serious criminal of- 
fence, if s/he is considered a threat to national securi- 
ty or if s/he is in breach of any of the other terms and 
conditions of landing. The possibility of deportation 
remains for as long as the individual is a permanent 
resident, and disappears only when the individual 
becomes a citizen. A naturalized citizen can only be 
expelled from Canada if the Secretary of State 
revokes her/his citizenship, and the Secretary can on- 
ly revoke where the citizenship or the permanent resi- 
dent status was obtained through false representa- 

Only Canadian citizens can vote in federal elec- 
tions and in many provincial elections. And if you 
can't vote, you can't run for office either. So, while a 
permanent resident will have to pay taxes, s/he will 
have even less say than the average citizen in how tax 
revenues are spent. 

The right to carry a Canadian passport can make 
life easier at many borders. This is particularly true 
of the U.S. border crossings where permanent 
residents may require visas and tend to be scrutinized 
more closely than Canadian citizens. 

There are also some good economic reasons for 
becoming a citizen: some public service, business and 
professional positions, and some commercial enter- 
prises, may only be held by Canadians. 

Finally, it should be noted that if a permanent resi- 
dent is outside of Canada for 180 days out of any 12 
month period, s/he will be presumed to have aban- 
doned Canada and may lose her/his immigrant 
status. The presumption can be avoided by getting a 
special permit from the immigration department 
before you leave. A citizen will always have the right 
to re-enter Canada unless her/his citizenship has 
been revoked by the Secretary of State ors/he has re- 
nounced her/his citizenship. 

Consequences of dual citizenship 

Once you've decided that it might be a good idea to 
become a citizen, the next question is: What will be 
the effects of dual citizenship? (To those born and 
bred Canadians who have read this far: If any of 
your parents or grandparents were born outside of 
Canada, there is a possibility that you are considered, 
or could become, a citizen of another country. Read 
on.) Many countries, Canada included, permit dual 
citizenship, but some, like the USA, will consider an 
application for citizenship of another country to be a 
renunciation of your original citizenship. Other 
countries, Italy for example, won't allow a citizen to 
renounce her/his citizenship, so that if you become a 

Canadian citizen you will have to hold dual citizen- 
ship. You should check with the embassy or con- 
sulate of your home country. Canadians who want to 
find out if they arc considered to be, or could 
become, citizens of another country should check 
with the embassy or consulate of the country of their 
parents' or grandparents' birth. 

Once you've established that you can hold dual 
citizenship, the next question should be whether you 
would want to. This will depend on the rights and 
obligations of citizens of the other country. There 
may be laws in a country to which another Canadian 
is not subject, but which may apply to you as a 
citizen of that country: compulsory military service, 
special taxes and restrictions on exit arc examples of 
the more onerous type. There may also be benefits 
which apply to you but which do not apply to other 
Canadians, for example, the right to hold property 
and the right to work in the country. Dual citizenship 
is particularly significant when you are a citizen of a 
.country that is a member of the European Economic 
Community. Citizenship of a member country gives 
you the right to work in any other country within the 
Community. If you do hold dual citizenship and you 

no longer wish to be a citizen of both countries, you 
must contact the embassy or consulate of the country 
of your original citizenship and make an official ap- 
plication to renounce that citizenship. 

Requirements for Canadian citizenship 

Once you have decided to become a Canadian, the 
rest is fairly simple. To be eligible for Canadian 
citizenship you must fulfill the following re- 

1) You must be over 18 years of age, otherwise a 
parent or legal guardian must apply on your'behalf. 

2) You must have entered Canada legally as a perma- 
nent resident. 

3) You must have lived in Canada for at least three of 
the four yaers preceeding the application. 

4) You must not be in jail, on parole, on probation, 
or under a deportation order at the time of the ap- 
plication. Any time you spend in jail will not count 
towards the residency requirement. 

5) You must know either French or English well 
enough to make yourself understood. 

6) You must be prepared to demonstrate some 
knowledge of Canadian history, politics, culture, and 

7) The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), 
after conducting a security check, must be satisfied 
that you are not a threat to the security of Canada. If 
the RCMP believes that granting citizenship will be 
prejudicial to the security of Canada, citizenship will 
be refused and there is no appeal to that decision. 
The order refusing citizenship is valid for two years 
but it may be repeated if another application is made. 
If an application for citizenship is refused for any 
reason other than a security declaration, the refusal 
can be appealed to the Federal Court— Trial Divi- 

Anyone who wants to apply for citizenship should 
address her or himself to the Citizenship Court at 
1080 Beaver Hall Hill. The fee is $15, and the ap- 
plication must be accompanied by a birth certificate, 
proof of legal entry into Canada as a permanent resi- 
dent, and two photographs. The whole process, from 
the initial application to the granting of citizenship, 
usually takes between three and six months. 

Losing citizenship 

Once you are a citizen, there are only three ways 
you can lose your citizenship. Any citizen can re- 
nounce her/his citizenship by making a formal ap- 
plication to a Canadian consulate or embassy in the 
country where they are a resident. You cannot re- 
nounce Canadian citizenship while you remain resi- 
dent in Canada. 

A naturalized citizen may have her/his citizenship 
revoked by an order from the Secretary of State. This 
is an exceptional measure and can only be done if 
citizenship or the original permanent resident status 
was obtained by fraud or false representation on the 
part of the applicant. 

Finally, an individual born outside Canada who is 
a citizen through one or both of her/his parents, will 
lose her/his Canadian citizenship at the age of 28 
unless s/he applies to retain it and either lives in 
Canada for a year prior to making the application or 
establishes a substantial connection with Canada.fJ 

— Peter Kirby 


You And The Law 

f • ~ ~"~ "'■ " " " ™ ~ 7 ~. <-™ — . .— __. — — ■ ; - i , mm — r~- 



rt 1 

LAW*£uvifia ,, 

The Québec Consumer Protection Act was 
enacted to prevent fraudulent acts and to 
correct the imbalance of bargaining power 
which often exists between consumer and 
merchant. The Act covers every contract for goods or 
services entered into between a consumer and a mer- 


Under the Act, warranties are divided into legal 
warranties and conventional warranties. The former 
are those which are stipulated by law; the latter are 
those given by the merchant her/ himself. The mer- 
chant cannot reduce a legal warranty although s/he 
can give a warranty which surpasses the legal one. All 
goods are covered by a basic legal warranty concern- 
ing fitness for purpose, durability, availability of 
replacement parts and repair service, conformity to 
description in the contract, and conformity to adver- 

The goods must be fit for the purpose to which 
they would normally be used, plus they must be 
durable for a reaonable length of time taking into 
consideration their price and the terms of the con- 
tract. For example, if you buy new tires for your car 
and they cause excessive vibration at 100 km/h (dep- 
site the fact that they have been properly installed 
and balanced) they are not fit for their purpose. The 
merchant will, therefore, be obligated to either 
replace them, repair the defect, or refund the pur- 
chase price. Similarly, if the tires begin to deteriorate 
after one month's use they cannot be said to be 
reasonably durable. On the other hand, if yo*J drive 
over broken glass which damages the tire, the mer- 
chant is not obligated to make good the damage 
(unless the merchant has expressly guaranteed 
against such hazards) since driving over glass is not a 
normal use of the tire. Also, if the tires were sold to 
you as is for $2.00 each with the intention that they 
were not to be used on your car, but to make a child's 
swing, and you decided to put them on your car 
anyways, only to find that they had quickly 
deteriorated, the merchant will be under no obliga- 
tion to replace them, considering the price, the terms 
of the contract, and the conditions of their use. 

Wherever goods are sold, which by their nature re- 
quire maintenance, replacement paerts, or repair ser- 
vice, such parts or service must be available for a 
reasonable time after the contract. This warranty can 
be contracted out if the merchnt gives a written state- 
ment to the consumer before the contract is entered 
into, warning that parts or service will not be sup- 

Any statement or advertisement must be accurate 
and is binding on the merchant or manufacturer who 
makes such statement or advertisement. For exam- 
ple, a merchant cannot advertise that s/he has the 
newest 1983 model when in fact s/he does not. If the 
merchant advertises an item with a price of S 100.00 
but the price in the store is $200.00, s/he is obligated 
to accept $100.00 from the consumer. If the mer- 
chant advertises that a product is guaranteed against 
defects for three years, the consumer is able to hold 
the merchant to the guarantee even though the war- 
ranty was not mentioned when the consumer actually 
bought the item. 

A merchant or manufacturer cannot refuse to 
respect their warranty simply because you no longer 
have the' warranty certificate or because you did not 

send in the warranty card when you purchased the 
item. However, you will have to prove the date of 
purchase and, for this reason, you should keep the 
receipts of all items purchased which are covered by a 

There are specific legal warranties relating to 
automobiles and household appliances. 


Warranties on automobiles 

All new cars are sold with a manufacturer's war- 
ranty. The Consumer Protection Act now provides a 
legal warranty for used cars that are sold by a dealer 
and which have been on the market for five years or 
less. Note that the legal warranty does not apply to a 
private sale. The Act provides that both the manufac- 
turer's and the legal warranty are transferable to 
subsequent owners. Furthermore, both types include 
parts and labor, the reasonable costs of towing, or 
breakdown services when the repairs are covered by 
the warranty. 

The following chart indicates the different legal 
warranties for used cars. Note that the "length of 
time on the market" means the time the model type 
was first placed on the market by the manufacturer 
and not when the specific car was offered for sale. 

Length of time on market 
and kilometres travelled 

2 years or less and 
not more than 40,000 km 

3 years or less and 
not more than 60,000 km 

5 years or less and 
not more than 80,000 km 

All other used cars 

Duration of 

6 months or 
10,000 km 

3 months or 
5,000 km 

1 month or 
1,700 km 

No specific legal 

Remember that the dealer can always give a warranty 
with a duration greater than the legal warranty but 
s/he cannot reduce it. 

The above information on warranties also applies 
to motorcycles although the cost of towing and 
breakdown service is not included and there is a dif- 
ferent warranty duration: 

Length of time on market Duration of warranty 

2 years or less 2 months 

Between 2 & 3 years 1 month 

After 3 years no legal warranty 

Latent defect 

In addition to the above warranties (i.e. even after 
the warranties have expired), the owner of a motor 
vehicle (including a subsequent owner) can exercise a 
recourse directly against the dealer or the manufac- 

turer for a latent defect in the car. A latent defect is a 
defect which could not be discovered at the time of 
the sale by the consumer or her/his mechanic after a 
thorough inspection. In other words, it is a defect 
which only becomes apparent sometime after the 
sale. The merchant or manufacturer cannot plead ig- 
norance of the defect at the time of the sale. Once the 
defect is discovered, the consumer has one year in 
which to make a claim. 

Motor vehicle repairs i 

Whenever your motor vehicle is brought to a( 
garage for repairs the merchant must give you a writ- 
ten estimate unless 1) you sign an express waiver; 2) 
the total cost of the repairs is less than $50 or done 
free of charge; and 3) the work consists of installa- 
tion of tires or a battery, and the purchase and in- 
stallation form the object of the same bill. The 
estimate is binding on the merchant so that no addi- 
tional charge can be made for repairs included in the 
estimate. The merchant cannot make any repairs 
without first obtaining your express authorization. 

At the consumer's request the merchant must 
return the replaced parts unless 1) the repairs have 
been made free of charge; 2) the part is exchanged for 
a reconditioned part; or 3) the part replaced is subject 
to a warranty contract under which the merchant 
must return the part to the manufacturer. 

If the merchant fails to stay within the bounds of 
the estimate or s/he did not give an estimate and did 
not receive a waiver, then s/he cannot rightfully re- 
tain possession of the vehicle if the consumer pays 
the price of the estimate — if there is one. Unfor- 
tunately, some garages do not abide by the. law. If 
this is the case and the garage refuses to release your 
vehicle until payment is made, you have two choices. 
One, you can leave the car and report the situation to 
the Office de protection du consommateur. Two, if 
you want the car, you can pay under protest (you 
may wish to write "Paid under protest reserving all 
legal recourses" on your cheque or credit card slip, 
although it is not obligatory in order to make a claim) 
and then contact the office above. You may also wish 
to initiate legal action in order to be reimbursed. 

Automobile repairs are guaranteed for three mon- 
ths or 5000 km, whichever occurs first. Motorcycle 
repairs are guaranteed for one month. The warranty 
includes parts and labour. If the merchant does not 
honor the warranty, the consumer has three months 
from the discovery of the defect to make a legal 

Warranty for repairs of household appliances 


The household appliances covered by the Act are: 
kitchen ranges, refrigerators, freezers, dishwashers, 
clothes washers and dryers, and television sets. 
Whenever one of these appliances is repaired the 
merchant must give the consumer a written estimate 
unless 1) the consumer gives a written waiver; or 2) 
the total cost of the repairs (including shipping parts 
and labor) is less than $50.00 or is provided free of 

The consumer has the right to request the replaced 
parts. Each repair is legally guaranteed for three 
months which includes parts and labor and takes ef- 
fect upon delivery of the appliance. If the warranty is 
not honored, the consumer has three months from 
the discovery of the defect to make a legal claim. 


You And The Law 

More about credit cards 

The Consumer Protection Act prohibits a com- 
pany from sending you a credit card without first 
receiving your written application. Furthermore, the 
company can send you only one card with the same 
number unless you ask for more than one card. Once 
you use the card, a binding contract is formed bet- 
ween you and the company which issued the card. 

Once you have used the card, the company must 
send you a statement of account at least 21 days 
before the date on which interest can be charged. If 
you pay the total balance before that date, the com- 
pany cannot charge you interest. If you are given a 
cash advance, however, you will be charged interest 
from the day of the advance until the date of pay- 
ment. The Act provides that credit charges must be 
calculated on a daily basis on the amount owing at 
the time of the previous payment. Thus, for example, 

The installment contract cannot contain any provi- 
sions prohibiting the consumer from moving the 
goods within Québec or allowing the merchant to 
retake possession of the goods without the express 
consent of the consumer or the court. 

The consumer has the right to demand a statement 
of account once a month, without charge. This must 
be furnished by the merchant within ten days of the 
request. In addition to this, if the consumer wishes to 
pay off the balance in full before maturity, s/he may 
request, without charge, a statement of account 
which must be sent within ten days. 
• In the case of a default of payment, the merchant 
may demand 1) immediate payment of the amount 
due; 2) immediate payment of the balance of the debt 
if there was a forfeiture clause; or 3) repossession of 
the goods. Before doing any of the above, however, 
the merchant must inform the consumer by written 

if yo'u receive a cash advance today and pay it back 
tomorrow, you can only be charged up to two days 
interest for the advance. 

If you discover an error in your statement, write to 
the company informing it of your account number, 
the nature of the error and the amount of money in- 
volved, and your reasons for believing there is an er- 
ror. The company has 60 days within which to notify 
you that 1) the error has been corrected; or 2) it 
refuses to correct the statement, giving reasons. In 
the latter case, the company must send you, upon de- 
mand and without charge, documented proof of their 
grounds for refusal; for example, a copy of the 
voucher for the transaction in question signed by 
yourself. If a company fails to respond within the 60 
days, it loses its right to claim the amount said to be 
in- error. 

If your credit card is lost or stolen you are not 
liable for any debt resulting from the use of the card 
by a third person after you have informed the com- 
pany by telephone, telegram, written notice, or any 
other means. It is recommended that you telephone 
the company collect and then follow the call with 
either a telegram or registered letter to facilitate pro- 
of. In any event, your liability is limited to $50.00. 

Installment plans 

When the consumer purchases goods on an install- 
ment plan, the ownership of the goods is not 
transferred to the consumer at the time of the con- 
tract (which must be in writing), but at a time and on 
terms agreed upon by the parties. An exception to 
this is when the contract does not conform to that 
prescribed by the Act, in which case ownership is 
transferred to the consumer at the time of the sale. 
(See above regarding cancellation.) The merchant 
assumes the risk of loss or deterioration by fortuitous 
events until the ownership is tranferred to the con- 

notice. It is only 30 days after this notice that the 
merchant can repossess the goods. Note that if the 
goods are repossessed, the merchant is ndt obligated 
to return the amount already paid. If the consumer 
has paid more than one-half of the amount of the 
total sale price, the goods cannot be repossessed 
without a court order. 

Mail orders 

The consumer docs not have to pay for any un- 
solicited goods sent by mail. Neither is s/he under 
any obligation to return them. 

If you are ordering by mail, it is wise not to send 
payment until you receive the goods unless the mer- 
chant is known to be reliable or you have checked 
with the Office de la protection du consommateur to 
assure that the merchant has deposited a security 
which is supposed to protect you in the event that the 
goods are not sent or are defective. 

Itinerant merchants 

An itinerant is one who, elsewhere than at her/his 
business address, 1) solicits a particular consumer for 
the purpose of making a contract or 2) who makes a 
contract with a consumer. Two typical examples are 
the door-to-door salesperson and the company which 
asks consumers to attend a demonstration of its pro- 
duct. Note that if the consumer approaches a mer- 
chant at her/his place of business and requests that 
the contract be concluded at the consumer's home, 
the merchant is not considered to be an itinerant ven- 
dor. The Act does not apply to contracts which do 
not exceed $25.00. 

Every itinerant vendor must hold a valid permit. 
The consumer has the right to ask to see it. If the ven- 
dor refuses such a request, then refuse to deal with 
her/him. If a contract is signed and it is later learned 
that the itinerant vendor did not have a permit, the 
consumer can have the contract annulled. Note that 

the permit is not a guarantee of the quality of the 

All contracts entered into by a consumer and 
itinerant vendor must be evidenced in writing and 
must contain specific clauses prescribed by law. The 
most important point to note is that any contract 
over $25.00, entered into with an itinerant vendor, 
may be cancelled by the consumer within ten days of 
the consumer receiving her/his copy of the contract 
providing the latter is able to return any goods to the 
merchant in the condition s/he received them. 


When a person receives a good from a merchant 
who gives the consumer the right to pay the debt at a 
later date, there is a credit contract. All such con- 
tracts must be in writing. The Act covers three types 
of credit contracts: 1) contracts for the loan of 
money; 2) contracts involving variable credit (e.g. 
credit cards); and 3) contracts involving credit (e.g. 
the installment plan). In each case the merchant must 
state all the credit charges (which can include in- 
terest, insurance, administration fees, etc.) in terms 
of dollars and cents. S/he must also indicate that the 
charges apply to the entire term of the contract or, in 
the case of credit cards, to the period covered by the 
statement of account. The actual interest rate must 
also be expressed as an annual percentage. 

Cancelling a contract of credit 

A contract for the loan of money can be cancelled 
by the consumer, without cost or penalty, within two 
days of both parties receiving a copy of the agree- 
ment by 1) returning the money if it was received at 
the same time as a copy of the agreement was receiv- 
ed, or 2) if the money was received later or not at all, 
* by returning the money or sending a written notice to 
the merchant. 

The above procedure also applies to a contract in- 
volving credit: Note, however, that a consumer can- 
not cancel a contract for a new car once s/he has 
taken delivery. 

A contract involving a credit card does not become 
binding upon the consumer until s/he uses the card 
for the first time. If you have used the card and later 
wish to cancel it, simply cut the card into pieces and 
notify the company not to send you another on the 
renewal date. 

When a consumer purchases an item with a credit 
card s/he does not have the option of cancelling the 
contract within two days unless, of course, the con- 
tract is of a special type (e.g. with an itinerant ven- 
dor). It is as if the consumer paid cash. 

More about credit cards 

The Consumer Protection Act prohibits a com- 
pany from sending you a credit card without first 
receiving your written application. Furthermore, the , 
company can send you only one card with the same 
number unless you ask for more than one card. Once 
you use the card, a binding contract is formed bet- 
ween you and the company which issued the card. ' 

Once you have used the card, the company must 
send you a statement of account at least 2L>days 
before the date on which interest can be charged. If 
you pay the total balance before that date, the com- 
pany cannot charge you interest. If you are given a 
cash advance, however, you will be charged interest 
from the day of the advance until the date of pay- 
ment. The Act provides that credit charges must be 
calculated on a daily basis on the amount owing at 
the time of the previous payment. Thus, for example, 
if you receive a cash advance today and pay it back 
tomorrow, you can only be charged up to two days 
interest for the advance. 

If you discover an error in your statement, write to - 

continued on next pago 


You And The Law 

con tlnuod from previous page 

the company informing it of your account number, 
the nature of the error and the amount of money in* 
vol vcd, -and your reasons for believing there is an er- 
ror. The company has 60 days within which to notify 
you that 1) the error has been corrected; or 2) it 
refuses to correct the statement, giving reasons. In 
the latter case, the company must send you, upon de- 
mand and without charge, documented proof of their 
grounds for refusal; for example, a copy of the 
voucher for the transaction in question signed by 
yourself. If a company fails to respond within the 60 
days, it loses its right to claim the amount said to be 
in error. 

If .your credit card is lost or stolen you are not 
liable for any debt resulting from the use of the card 
by a third person after you have informed the com- 
pany by telephone, telegram, written notice, or any 
other means. It is recommended that you telephone 
the company collect and then follow the call with 
either a telegram or registered letter to facilitate pro- 
of. In any event, your liability is limited to $50.00. 

Installment plans 

When the consumer purchases goods on an install- 
ment plan, the ownership of the goods is not 
transferred to the consumer at the time of the con- 
tract (which must be in writing), but at a time and on 
terms agreed upon by the parties. An exception to 
this is when the contract does not conform to that 
prescribed by the Act, in which case ownership is 
transferred to the consumer at the time of the sale. 
(See above regarding cancellation.) The merchant 
assumes the risk of loss or deterioration by fortuitous 
events until the ownership is tranferred to the con- 

The installment contract cannot contain any provi- 
sions prohibiting the consumer from moving the 
goods within Québec or allowing the merchant to 
retake possession of the goods without the express 
consent of the consumer or the court. 

The consumer has the right to demand a statement 
of account once a month, without charge. This must 
be furnished by the merchant within ten days of the 
request. In addition to this, if the consumer wishes to 
pay off the balance in full before maturity, s/he may 
request, without charge, a statement of account 
which must be sent within ten days. 

In t he case of a default of payment, the merchant 
may demand 1) immediate payment of the amount 
due; 2) immediate payment of the balance of the debt 
if there was a forfeiture clause; or 3) repossession of . 
the goods. Before doing any of the above, however, 
the merchant must inform the consumer by written 
notice. It is only 30 days after this notice that the 
merchant can repossess the goods. Note that if the 
goods are repossessed, the merchant is not obligated 
to return the amount already paid. If the consumer 
has paid more than one-half of the amount of the 
total sale price, the goods cannot be repossessed 
without a court order. 

Mill orders 

The consumer does not have to pay for any un- 
solicited goods sent by mail. Neither is s /he under 
any obligation to return them. 

If you are ordering by mail, it is wise not to send 
payment until you receive the goods unless the mer- 
chant is known to be reliable or you have checked 
with the Office de la protection du consommateur to 
assure that the mâchant has deposited a security 
which is supposed to protect you in the event that the 
goods are not sent or are defective. 

Final words 

The information above is not exhaustive and has 
only touched upon those topics which are most likely 
to affect students. Space does not* permit the discus- 

sion of contracts with health studios, dating services 
or language schools. If you plan to enter into a con- 
tract for services of this type you should be aware 
that there are special laws' applicable to them. 

Remember that when you sign a contract it is bin- 
ding and that there are only a few special cases when 
you can cancel without paying a penalty. Make sure, 
therefore, that you read all contracts carefully and 
that they contain everything which you want included 

before signing. The contract should contain the name 
and address of the merchant (not a post office box), a 
description of the goods, and the total cost. 

All contracts must be written in French unless the 
parties expressly state that they wish it to be written 
in another language. □ 

—Robert McFetridge 





f you rent an apartment in Québec you will 
be required to enter into a lease which may 
be either oral or written. A written lease is 
recommended as it is difficult to prove the 
terms of an oral agreement. The average lease is for a 
term of 12 months and it automatically renews itself 
if notice to cancel is not given. The parties can agree 
qpon any provisions providing they are not pro- 
hibited by law. In addition, there are certain provi- 
sions which automatically apply to every lease. 
- !-'V .'■'»- . i 

A lease is a binding contract 

Once you sign a lease you are bound by its terms so 
read it carefully before signing. Anything that was 
orally agreed upon should be stipulated in the lease. 
If you sign an application to lease which is later ac- 
cepted by the landlord, a binding oral lease is created 
even though the actual lease has not yet been signed. 
The landlord must give the tenant a copy of the rules 
of the apartment before the lease is signed if s/he 
wishes these rules to form a part of the lease. The 
landlord must also make a declaration ôf the lowest 
rent paid for that particular apartment unit in the 
past 12 months. If this declaration is made at the time 
of the making of the lease, the tenant has ten days to 
apply to the Régie de Logement to ask that the rent 1 
be revised. If the declaration is made later, thé tenant 
has two months from the beginning of the lease to 
make the declaration. If the building is less than five 
years old, the landlord must make a declaration in- 
dicating that, because of this fact, the Régie does not 
have jurisdiction to fix the rent for the dwelling. 
'Sometimes a landlord will attempt to have a tenant 
sign a commercial lease because the apartment is in a 
commercial building. You should know that if you 
sign such a lease you will have no recourse to the 

The lease must be written in French unless the par- 
ties expressly state in the lease that it is agreed it be 
written in another language. 

. : "'. " • • 

I signed the lease but the landlord did not give me a 

.' Ideally, the tenant should receive a copy of the 
lease at the time of signing. However, once the lease 
has been signed or the application to lease has teen 
accepted, the landlord has ten days to provide a copy 
of the lease to the tenant. For an oral lease, the 
landlord has ten days to supply to the tenant a 
writing indicating the landlord's 
name and address and to supply a standard lease 
form containing all the obligatory clauses (these are 
provided free by the Régie). 

What sort of deposit can the landlord demand? 

A landlord can ask for one month's rent as a 
deposit if the lease is for more than one month. This 
deposit is to be applied to the last month's rent and is 
in addition to the first month's rent. Other deposits 

to cover keys or damage cannot be legally demanded 
by the landlord. If such deposits are paid, the tenant 
can make an application to the Régie to have the 
amount of such deposits returned. 

How much does it cost to apply to the Régie? 

As of April 1982 a S20 fee must be paid each time 
an application is made with the Régie de logement 
(except for applications by the landlord to fix the rent 
or modify the lease). If the applicant wins the case, 
the Régie can order the losing party to pay all or part 
of the fee. It is recommended that the applicant in- 
clude the reimbursement of the $20 in her/his initial 

The $20 fee must be paid each time the tenant 
deposits her/his rent with the Régie. This is refun- 
dable if the grievance is found to be justified. It is 
possible for tenants in the same building to act collec- 
tively so that only one application is made in all their 
names and consequently only one $20 fee need be 

Anyone who is receiving social welfare or who is 
eligible for legal aid (which would include some 
students and low-income senior citizens) is exempt 
from the $20 fee. 

Has the Régie been found to be unconstitutional? 

Some landlords are telling their tenants that since 
the recent court case concerning the Régie and the 
constitution, the Régie no longer has the power to 
hear their cases. This is not true. The case is now 
before the Court of Appeal. Until all appeals are ex 
hausted, the Régie will continue to have the jurisdic 
tion to hear every type of case concerning residential 

Can the landlord ask for a guarantor? 

Especially in the case of students who do not have 
steady income the landlord may want someone to act 
as guarantor to assure that the rent will be paid. The 
guarantor is often the parent of the student. The 
landlord is within her/his rights to make such a de- 
mand when s/he reasonably believes that the pro- 
spective tenant has no financial resources of her/his 

Can the landlord demand that the rent be paid by 
post-dated cheques? 

The landlord cannot demand to have the rent paid 
by post-dated cheques. The rent is normally payable 
in advance on the first of each month unless other- 
wise agreed upon. The rent is payable in equal in- 
stallments and only the last month's rent can be less. 
The landlord cannot ask for an advance payment 
which exceeds one month's rent. If the rent is not 
paid the landlord does not have the right to seize the 
tenant's personal property without a court judge- 
ment. If the rent remains unpaid for three weeks, the 
landlord can ask the Régie for cancellation of the 
lease as well as for damages. 


You And The Law 

What can I do if my new landlord is asking for a rent 
much higher than the previous tenant's? 

By comparing your rent with the landlord's 
declaration of the lowest rent paid over the past 12 
months you can determine the increase. If it is higher 
you can make an application to the Régie to have the 
rent fixed, keeping in mind that in 1982 the Régie is 
fixing rents anywhere from 10 per cent to 20 percent 
with 14 per cent being the norm. If the tenant was in- 
formed of the old rent at the time of making the 
lease, s/he has ten days from the making of the lease 
within which to make an application to the Régie. If 
s/he was informed later, s/he has two months from 
the beginning of the lease to make the application. 
The two month delay also applies if the landlord 
made a false declaration. Remember that if the 
building b less than five years old the Régie does not 
have jurisdiction. 

What recourses do I have if the landlord fails to per- 
form her/his obligations? 

The tenant should first discuss the situation with 
the landlord in order to arrive at some agreement. 
Failing this, the tenant has several recourses depen- 
ding upon the nature of the fault. 

If the apartment is unfit for habitation because it 
seriously endangers the health of its occupants or the 
public, the tenant has thé right to abandon the apart- 
ment. If the tenant notifies the landlord of the condi- 
tion of the dwelling before or within ten days of leav- 
ing, and if the condition is not the tenant's fault, s/he 
is not liable for the rent. If the tenant wishes to return 
to the apartment following the repairs s/he should 
leave a forwarding address. 

Where there has been a reduction of services pro- 
vided by the landlord, the tenant can apply to the 
Régie to have her/his rent reduced so long as the te- 
nant is not responsible for the fault. 

When the landlord refuses or neglects to comply 
with certain conditions of the lease, the tenant can 
deposit her/his monthly rent (cheques must be' cer- 
tified) with the Régie providing s/he gives written 
notice to the landlord at least ten days before the rent 
is due, indicating the grounds for the deposit. The 
Régie will hold the money until it is satisfied that the 
landlord has remedied the fault. As an alternative, 
the tenant can request from the Régie the right to 
withhold from the rent the amount required to per- 
form the necessary repairs her/himself. An account 
must be rendered to the landlord for the repairs 

If a tenant has been caused serious prejudice 
because of the landlord's failure to perform a 
obligation, s/he can apply to the Régie to have the 
lease cancelled as well as to claim damages which 
s/he or her/his property has suffered as a result of 
the inexécution of the obligation. 

'." ■ ' " r Tf?'f.' "'*;•'■'! -T' '" 

Does the landlord have the right to enter my apart- 

The landlord has the right to enter the apartment 
to determine its condition but the tenant can demand 
that s/he be given 24 hours notice. The notice re- 
quirement does not apply in the case of an emergency 
or when the landlord is showing the dwelling to a 
prospective tenant. The tenant can refuse access if 
the prospective tenant or purchaser is not accom- 
panied by the landlord or the landlord's represen- 

In all cases, except for emergencies, the tenant can 
refuse access before 9:00 a.m. and after 9:00 p.m. A 
landlord who enters an aprartment without first giv- 
ing notice can be fined from $100 to $1,000 by the 

Renewing the lease and rent increases 
A lease automatically renews itself for the same 

term (up to a maximum of 12 months) with the same 
conditions as the original lease, unless the tenant 
gives the landlord at least three months (and not 
more than six months) before the end of a lease of 12 
months or more (one month for shorter leases) in- 
dicating s/he wishes to leave at the end of the term. 

However, the landlord can also give notice of a 
rent increase during the same delay period in which 
case the tenant has only one month to give notice to 
the landlord that s/he is leaving or staying but con- 
testing the rent increase. If the tenant ignores the 
notice, the lease will be renewed at the new rent. 
When the landlord receives the refusal notice from 
the tenant s/he has one month to make an applica- 
tion to the Régie to have the rent fixed. If the 
landlord fails to do this the lease is renewed under the 
old terms. During the interim period before the Régie 
hears the case, the tenant continues to pay the old 

It is recommended that when a tenant receives 

cient time to find a new tenant. If the landlord can 
show that after diligent efforts s/he was not able to 
rent the dwelling s/he can be entitled to the full rent 
owing. Similarly, if the tenant can prove that the 
apartment was immediately rented to another, s/he 
should not have to pay any damages. 

If a tenant does not want to pay a penalty her/his 
only option is to find someone to sublet the apart- 
ment. Once a prospective subtenant is found the te- 
nant must give her/his name and address to the 
landlord who has ten days to refuse the individual. 
There must be reasonable grounds for such a refusal, 
such as an inability to pay the rent. If there is no 
response from the landlord within ten days, s/he is 
deemed to have accepted the new tenant. Remember 
that with a sublease the original tenant remains 
responsible for the rent and any damage done to the 
apartment if the subtenant reneges on her/his obliga- 
tions. Furthermore, the tenant must give notice to the 
landlord, at the appropriate time, stating that s/he 

notice of a rent increase which s/he believes to be too 
high, s/he should first attempt to negotiate with the 
landlord. This will often resolve the matter with both 
parties continuing to be on good terms. 

Do I have to send the notice by registered mail? 

All notices exchanged between the tenant and the 
landlord must be in writing and in the language of the 
original lease. The only exception to this is the 
24-hour notice given by the landlord to visit the 
apartment, which may be oral. Although it is not 
necessary to send them by registered mail, it is recom- 
mended. Staple your registration receipt to a copy of 
the notice and keep it in a safe place. You will then 
have something to prove that you actually sent the 
notice. Note that all notices sent by post are presum- 
ed to be sent and received on the day ■ of the 

How can I get out of my lease early? 

Neither party can unilaterally break the lease. 
Whoever does is subject to paying damages. The te- 
nant who wishes to leave early has the option of 
negotiating with the landlord to determine how much 
s/he has to pay to get out of the lease or of sublet- 
ting. The "three month rule" is not a strict rule of 
law and the landlord can demand that s/he be paid 
for the remaining term of the lease. The "three 
month rule" arose because many of the older Régie 
decisions granted the landlord damages equal to 
three months rent, as it was thought that gave suffi- 

docs not want her/his lease to be renewed, otherwise 
it will be renewed automatically in his name. If the te- 
nant wishes to avoid any future obligations under the 
lease her/ only recourse is to have the landlord enter 
into a lease directly with the new tenant. It is recom- 
mended that all subleases be in writing. 

The tenant must make a declaration of the lowest 
rent paid during the past 12 months. Furthermore, 
s/he must supply the subtenant with a copy of the 
sublease within ten days or, in the case of a verbal 
lease, s/he must give the subtenant her/his name and 
address and a standard lease form . The subtenant has 
two months from the beginning of the sublease to 
make an application to have the rent fixed, if s/he is 
paying an amount higher than the lowest rent paid 
during the past 12 months, unless the amount has 
already been fixed by the Régie. 

Note that a student who is leasing from an educa- 
tional institution cannot sublease or transfer his 

One last word 

Keep in mind that the Régie du logement is the 
final resort after all negotiations with the landlord 
have failed. The best solution to lease problems is to 
negotiate directly with the landlord. This is usually a 
much faster approach and it keeps the parties on 
good terms so that any future problems can be dealt 
with more amicably. □ 

-Robert G.McFetridge 


You And The Law 


This article is meant for those students 
who are lucky enough to have found 
employment. However, the lucky employed 
student should be aware that the subject of 
employee rights is covered by several pieces of rather 
complicated legislation. What follows is necessarily 
only a brief introduction. 

The relationship between the employer and the 
employee is contractual, no matter what the job is. 
The contract may take the form of a collective agree- 
ment, a formal contract of employment, or an oral 
agreement. Whether one has a collective agreement 
or a written contract, it is important to familiarize 
oneself with the terms of these writings. Most 
students will have an oral contract: "Okay then, be 
here Monday at nine." The student should note that 
this is a binding contract, and the employer is re- 
quired to follow the minimum standards set out by 
the labour legislation. The employer may offer stan- 
dards higher than the minimum, but s/he may not of- 
fer lower. The standards are, in effect, part of the 
employment contract. The act which is most impor- 
tant in setting out these requirements in Québec is the 
Act Respecting Labour Standards (ALS). 

Students should note that certain jobs, including 
some domestic and farm work, are not covered by 
the ALS. Also, if a student works for a federal 
undertaking such as a bank, an airline, or a railway, 
her/his conditions of employment are governed by 
the Canada Labour Code. 

The ALS establishes a minimum wage in Québec. 
This changes periodically, and is currently set at 
$4.00 per hour for workers over 18 years of age. This 
is reduced to $3.28 per hour if the worker receives 
tips. Tips belong to the employee, whether collected 
by him/her or by the employer. Many establishments 
have a shared tip system, which is legal if the 
employee agrees to it; but tips are NOT to be counted 
in the calculation of the minimum wage. The 
employee must receive her/his first salary cheque 
within one month of starting work; subsequent pay 
cheques must be issued regularly, with not more than 
16 days between each pay day. The employer must at- 
tach a pay sheet to each cheque, detailing deductions 
so that the employee knows how the net pay was 
calculated. Any deduction not permitted by law is il- 
legal; in particular - kickbacks, deposits to show 
good faith, and a percentage of tips that goes to the 
employer. These can be recovered, either through the 
Commission des normes du travail, or through the 
courts. If an employee is receiving minimum wage, 
the employer cannot make deductions for the pur- 
chase or care of a uniform. If the employee must sup- 
ply her/his own uniform (i.e. s/he is receiving more 
than minimum wage), then the cost is tax deductible. 

Generally, the normal work week is 44 hours; only 
when the employee must work more than 44 hours in 
the week is s/he eligible to be paid at a rate of time 
and a half. However if a job has hours which vary 
from week to week, the employer can apply to the 
Commission for permission to calculate hours on 
other than a weekly basis. The normal work week 
also includes at least 24 consecutive hours off, except 
when the employer has received permission to 
calculate the hours on other than a weekly basis. 
After 4 consecutive hours of work, the employer is 
entitled to a meal break of at least one-half hour. 
This is an unpaid break, unless the employee is not 
permitted to leave the workplace. Coffee breaks are 

not mandatory, but if they are provided, the 
employee must be paid for them. 

If the employee is asked to come into work, but 
has no work to do when s/he shows up, or is given 
less than 3 hours work, and is then sent home, the 
employer has to pay 3 hours work (in most cases). If 
the employee shows up and has to wait for work, the 
employer must pay for her/his waiting time. 

The public holidays in Quebec are New Year's 
Day, Good Friday or Easter Monday, St. Jean Bap- 
tiste, Victoria Day, Labour Day, Thanksgiving and 
Christmas Day. The employee must have worked for 
at least 60 days to be entitled to a public holiday, ex- 
cept for "La Fête Nationale" (St. Jean Baptiste) 
when one is entitled to a day off if s/he has worked 
for a minimum of 10 days between June 1 and June 
23. The employee is entitled to paid leave on a public 
holiday whether or not s/he works. If s/he must 
work on the holiday s/he must be paid an extra day's 
pay in addition to the regular wage, or be given a 
compensatory holiday. 

AH employees are entitled to vacation pay. The 
calculations differ according to the length of service, 
but for most students this payment will be equivalent 
to 4% of their gross yearly salary, this is NOT to be 
deducted from the employee's salary, but is given as 

a mandatory bonus. After one year's continuous 
employment with tne same employer, one is entitled 
to two weeks' vacation; if one works for less than a 
year, then the entitlement is one day of vacation for 
every month of work. 

An employee who qualifies can get up to 18 weeks 
maternity leave; and, where medical reasons warrant 
it, this period may be extended. The mother can then 
return to her previous job and enjoy all the rights and 
benefits that she would have had if she had been 
working for the period of leave. There is no paternity 
leave in Québec. 

Any employee not working under a collective 
agreement may be fired at the wish of the employer. 
An employee who has worked continuously for 3 
months or longer is entitled to prior notice in writing, 
or payment in lieu of notice. This notice is given one 
week in advance if the employee has worked between 
3 months and 1 year. The required notice period is 
progressively longer as the employee acquires seniori- 
ty. The employer may not withhold wages owing to 
an employee who has been fired. Neither may the 
employer fire a worker for exercising any right under 
the Labour Code. ■ 

There are other laws which are important to note. 
The Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du 
travail au Québec is charged with enforcing the Act 
Respecting Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) 
and the Workman's Compensation Act. The OHS 
act sets minimum standards of safety and allows a 
worker to refuse to perform work that would en- 
danger her/his or another's health, safety or physical 
well being, unless such a refusal would be dangerous 
to another person or unless the hazard is an ordinary 
condition of work. When a worker perceives a 
hazard at work, and has exhausted all internal pro- 
cedures for dealing with this hazard without satisfac- 
tion, a complaint should be made to the Commis- 
sion. If a worker is injured at the worksite, the 
employer should be notified immediately and an acci- 
dent report should be filed with the Commission. If 
the employer does not act, the Commission should be 
contacted directly. 

The student should know that once an employer 
decides on the qualifications necessary to perform a 
certain job under Québec jurisdication, the criteria 
must be applied, without discrimination, to all job 
candidates. Article 10 of the Québec Charter of 
Human Rights and Freedoms says that no distinc- 
tion, exclusion, or preference is permitted, if based 
on race, colour, sex, sexual orientation, civil status, 
religion, political conviction, language, ethnic or na- 
tional origins, social condition or on the fact that one 
is a handicapped person or uses means to palliate the 
handicap. As well, article 19 of the Charter, states 
that every employer must, without discrimination , 
grant equal salary or wages to the members of 
his/her personnel who perform equivalent work at 
the same place. Any complainant should be directed 
to the Human Rights Commission. 

Students are urged to take the time and trouble to 
report any breach of the minimum labour standards. 
You do have reason to hesitate for reasons of job 
security, but if you are hesitating, or have any ques- 
tion, please contact the McGill Legal Aid Clinic, 
Room B20 in the Student Union, 392-8918. 

—Martha Shea 
Peter Kirby 




ontréal potentially provides all the ingre- 
dients for the good gay life. There is a large 
community with many establishments 
catering to (or rather, earning a living 
the gay population. Compared to almost 

Gay life in Montréal 

anywhere else in North America there is a relaxed at- 
titude towards gays, symbolised (if not guaranteed) 
by Québcc's Loi 88, passed in 1978, which protects 
gays from discrimination in housing and jobs. 
The Québec charter of rights and freedoms is uni- 


1217 Crescent 

A volunteer-staffed collective featuring gay, lesbian, 
feminist and non-sexist children's literature. 

Llbrarie des Femmes 
3954 St-Denis 

This bookstore has feminist and lesbian books and 
publications in French. 

Organizations and services: 

Lesbians and Gay friends of Concordia 
1455 de Maisonneuve W. 
Meetings and social events. 


1264 St-Timothée 

The provincial organization for gay rights publishes 
Le Berdache, a monthly magazine. 

Gay Line . 
931-5330, 931-8668 

Information, referrals, and counselling. Call only in 
the evenings between 7:30 and 11:00. 

Gay Info 

Information, refferrals, and counselling. Call only 
on Thursdays and Fridays between 7:00 and 11:00. 

McGill Counselling Services 

While not specifically a gay counselling group, the 
service is helpful for any McGill student who feels the 
need to talk to a professional. 

Religious groups: 

Dignity (Catholic) 
McGill Newman Centre 

Naches (Jewish) 

CP 298, Suce H, Montréal 


Integrity (Anglican) 
c/o 305 Willibrord 



D VP . 1250 


Hollywood Bar 

1252 Stanley, Montreal 

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. ■. . ■ • 

que in North America in including "sexual orienta- 
tion" amongst its list of religious, sexual, racial, 
linguistic, and ethnic/ national origins that are 
granted equal rights (the federal government, adop- 
ting a Charter in the new constitution specifically 
removed references to sexual orientation, as did the 
Ontario government in its bill of rights). 

Civil rights were gained in Québec by virtue of a 
militant political campaign by gay organizations. 
Though these organizations still exist, the political 
engagement of Québec gays has clearly declined into 
what some characterize as "rabid apoliticism." 

Doubtlessly political action in the community 
always stems from the threat outside. In Ontario, 
and Toronto specifically, gays have faced vicious 
police raids on bars, clubs and bathhouses, and a 
concerted campaign directed against publications, 
such as The Body Politic, and bookstores, such as 
Glad Day. 

Overt police repression or gay attacks from the 
"moral" right are relatively unknown in Montréal 
recently. Bars and clubs aren't raided as such, but 
there are a large numbers of police "checks'.' for 
"overcrowding," permit infringements, and 
underage drinking. More often than not these 
amount to no more than a few ID checks and a 
flashlight in the face. Bathhouses are sometimes raid- 
ed but in the last few years these swoops have been 
uncommon and bear little resemblance to Toronto. 
Young men are regularly hassled in areas like Mont 
Royal park, but, once again, such incidents add up to 
little more than heckling by bored cops. 

There are a large number of facilities at the service 
of the gay community — social services, counselling, 
political groups, bookstores, and, of course, a large 
number of cafés, clubs, bars, and baths. 

Here at McGill, Gay People of McGill, located in 
room 411 of the Union Buiding (Tel. 392-8912), runs 
a drop-in centre and library and holds a number of 
meetings and events. The gay dances held during the 
year in the Union ballroom have a reputation 
throughout the city as smash hits. 

—Arthur Curran 


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ou'rc writing an article about English 
theatre in Montreal?... Guess it'll be a 
short article!" 
It's too easy to criticize the state of 
English language theatre here. It's easy to criticize 
theatre anywhere — everybody does it — but the idea 
of good professional theatre, in English, coming 
from Montreal seems to make itself a particularly 
easy target for ridicule. 

No, Montréal is not the "hub of the theatrical 
universe" that Toronto is. But don't be too quick to 
write off the possiblity of seeing some very good pro- 
ductions here, perhaps in some places you may not 
have thought to look. 

Generally, the watchword for Montréal theatre is 
inconsistency. You might pay good money to be 
disappointed in the product of a "professional 
theatre," and you can pay very little to be highly 
entertained at a university or community theatre. 

Smaller theatres have short runs of plays and may 
not have their own theatre spaces, but often it is the 
small amateur theatres that can afford to take risks 
with what they choose to produce, and here you may 
find the exciting, original theatre you look for in 

Live theatre is a good deal for students these days. 
All MontréaFs theatres, both amateur and profes- 
sional, offer student prices and special deals. Tickets 
range in price from as little as S2.00 for some produc- 
tions to $5.50 at the Centaur. Things to watch for are 
preview nights and matinée performances when 
tickets are often cheaper ($5.00 for student matinées 
at the Centaur). Student prices are not usually 
available on Friday or Saturday nights, but then you 
can take your five dollars and go to Rocky III. 

Professional theatre battles the odds 

There are only a handful of professional English 
theatres in Montreal. The two largest are the Centaur 
Theatre, located in the Old Stock Exchange at 453 St. 
Francois-Xavier (Metro Champ-de-Mars) and the 
Saidye Bronfman Centre, located at 5170 Côte Ste. 
Catherine Rd. (Metro Côte Ste. Catherine). 

The impossiblities of financing a profitable profes- 
sional theatre anywhere these days causes an intricate 
problem for theatre management. How to plan a 
season that is challenging and artistic, yet popular? 
What sort of compromises work? Sometimes the 
results of compromises can be boring. But both 
theatres have produced excellent plays in recent 
years, intermingled with the odd dud which labels 
them inconsistent. 

The professional theatre community is in some 
ways suffering from inbreeding. There are only a few 
directors native to Montreal who work professionally 
and they turn up a little too often in the same places, 
doing the same sorts of things. At the Centaur, most 
of the upper management has remained unchanged 
since its founding in the 1960's. 

The Saidye Bronfman is presently undergoing a 
major overhaul, as they prepare to open for a shorter 
season, independent of their previous management 
(the YM-YWHA of Montréal). Hopefully this 
change will allow them to get away from the burden 
of responsibility to the powers that be. 

Last season's highlights 

The Centaur presented several very exciting pro- 
ductions last season. They were perhaps a little guilty 
of their most common criticism — that they import 
good shows more often than they create them. The 
season opened with a West Coast production of Ber- 
tolt Brecht's Happy End which was very popular, as 
was the other import, a production of The 
Crackwalker, a work by a Kingston playwright which 

I English Theatre | 

Centaur produced in conjunction with a theatre from 
Toronto. Most of the cast and the director were from 
Toronto and the show re-opened there as a joint pro- 
duction with Centaur in May. Both these plays were 
"experimental" or at least unusual to some degree, 
and both were excellent. 

Maurice Podbrey, the Centaur's artistic director 
and a native of South Africa, directed Sweet Like 
Suga, a South African piece which had never been 
presented in Canada before. Sweet Like Suga was 
unusual in that it was South African, but it lacked a 
certain professionalism in its presentation, and was 
not well-received by reviewers here. 

Podbrey's South African connection had previous- 
ly been evident in fine Centaur productions of plays 
by Athol Fugard, most recently A Lesson from 
Aloes. Fugard is the author of the current Broadway 
"hit," Master Harold and the Boys. 

Next season at the Centaur promises as many sure 
things as last. A new David Fcnnario (of Balconville 
fame) play, Brecht's Galileo and an English transla- 
tion of Broue which has been successful in French. 
Two plays are billed as successes from England, and 
the other two are Canadian pieces, one by Anne 
Chislett, who has been produced successfully at the 
Centaur before, and the other a "newly commission- 
ed" work by Alun Hibbcrt of Montréal. The Centaur 
has probably found the best system of compromise: 
They manage to make some money and present plays 
that are almost always worth spending your money to 

The perils of Saidye B 

The Saidye Bronfman Centre has not been as 
financially fortunate as the Centaur. Earlier this 
summer it was announced that the theatre would be 

closed for the 1982-83 season due to a projected 
$100,000 deficit. The decision to close was made by 
the YMHA's Board of Directors. The people behind 
the theatre itself are not so willing to say die. They 
are currently planning to present a theatre season at 
the Saidye B, independent of the YMHA Board. 
They have made no concrete plans as of August, so 
whatever happens will be a surprise. Their track 
record is a good one. Even though their productions 
are usually on a smaller scale than those of the Cen- 
taur, productions of Pinter's Betrayal and Billy the 
Kid were excellent and notable for their set designs. 

Excitement in amateur ranks 
theatrical events are at Montréal' s amateur theatres. 
They certainly have an advantage in à city where the 
professional community is small — amateur theatres 
receive as much press attention as the pros. The com- 
munity theatres tend to produce plays appeal to a 
general audience — the Lakeshore Players, located in 
Dorval, arc perhaps Montreal's best example of a 
successful community theatre whose productions 
rival the best of the theatres in the city. 

University and school theatre productions in Mon- 
tréal arc also well worth seeing. Montréal is home to 
the National Theatre School (1182 St. Laurent), 
which presents a handful of productions each year, in 
English and French. School theatres change each 
season with their incoming and graduating students 
and NTS's productions 

introduce new actors, designers, technicians and 
playwrights who are on their way to becoming pro- 
fessionals in theatres all across Canada. Each year 
NTS showcases the work of their student playwrights 
— a virtual cornucopia of original English theatre in 

Concordia University (Loyola campus and Hall 
Building at 1455 de Maisonneuve), and the John Ab- 
bott and Dawson (The Dome) CEGEPs have full- 
fledged, professional theatre programs, presenting 
several productions a year. Concordia's D.B. Clarke 
theatre is downtown (1455 de Maisonneuve) and 
mainstage productions there last season (All My 
Sons, The Threepenny Opera) were superb. 

McGill's excellent theatre 

Closer to home, there are four main sources of 
theatre on the McGill campus. The English depart- 
ment presents one or two productions per semester, 
usually in Moyse Hall (Arts Building). For those who 
want to get involved in theatre, there are open audi- 
tions for at least one of the mainstage shows. Other 
English department plays arc put on by classes in the 
Drama department. Last year's offerings included 
Sticks and Stones by James Reaney, and A Funny 
Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum. 

While theatre in the English department employs 
students as actors and technicians, the management 
and direction of these shows is in the hands of the 
faculty. The three other theatres at McGill are stu- 
dent run from top to bottom. 

The Savoy Society and McGill Players' Theatre 
have long histories as institutions at McGill. Savoy 
produces one Gilbert and Sullivan piece a year, 
usually in March. Savoy is by far the most consistent- 
ly popular theatre group in Montreal — they easily 
sell out the 400-seat Moyse Hall for a full run (usual- 
ly eight performances). Their production of The 
Mikado last year was very well received and extra 
performances had to be added. 

Players' Theatre, located in the Union building 
(3rd floor) is proud to have been the training ground 
of William Shatner (of "Beam me up, Scotty" 
fame), its most successful alumnus. Players' is fund- 
ed by the Students' Society. They present four plays a 
year, chosen by a student reading committee. The 




theatre is managed by a student executive and 
students direct, produce, design, build and perform 
the plays. 

Each year Players' has a different flavor as new 
people exercise their taste and talents on the produc- 
tions which vary from complete duds to brilliant in- 
terpretations of theatrical literature. Players' and 
Savoy arc always open to theatre-goers interested in 
getting up from their seats and working on plays. 
Also, you can sign up to usher for shows in exchange 
for a free seat — working on a show qualifies you for 
2 free tickctsl . 

The fourth theatre at McGill is a young 
"breakaway" theatre called Tuesday Night Café. Its 
philosophy is to be a little more daring than the other 
theatres on campus. TNC is a theatre which loves to 
present original scripts, unusual performances and 
even traditional plays on a more modest (financial) 
scale than Players'. 

This year, as last year, TNC is theatre-less while 
Morrice Hall is being renovated. (TNC's revamped 
accomodations in Morrice Hall should be ready by 
August 1983.) Their temporary office is in the Arts 
Building basement and their productions will be turn- 
ing up in Players' theatre and probably some more 
surprising locations. Like Players', TNC is only as 
creative as the students involved in it. Some really ex- 
citing, original work has been produced by TNC 
since its inception in 1978. 

For. information on all plays in tow, watch the 
McGill notice boards and read the Friday and Satur- 
day arts sections of the Montréal papers. All McGill 
theatre groups will be placing audition and invitation 
to join notices in the Daily starting in September. 

—Susan Gemmell 

ffcnrfr,: vt.'US 



1451 rue Pierce, Montréal 

(Guy bit Majsonneuve) 
Tel. (SM) 912-0197 




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Concert Schedule 


ach year a variety of concerts is presented 
under the aegis of the McGIII Faculty of 
-M-A Music, including everything from solo 
recitals and chamber pieces to symphonies and 
opera. The focus of these activities is the Pollack 
Concert Hall, in the Strathcona Music Building, at 
555 Sherbrooke St. West. Besides serving as a 
showcase for McGill music students and faculty 
members, Pollack Hall is the setting for perfor- 
mances by outstanding musicians of international 

Music of every style and era — from Renaissance 
to Rock — can be enjoyed at Pollack, and the large 
majority of these concerts are free to the public. As 
well, students are given special reduced rates for most 
productions for which an entrance fee is charged. For 
those who are amateurs of music, as well as those 
who want to introduce themselves to the repertoire, 
Pollack Hall presents a wonderful opportunity to do 
just that. In the seven years since its opening, Pollack 
Hall has become one of the major centres of music 
making in Montreal, as a glance at the entertainment 
section of any local newspaper will attest. 

The most popular concerts are those of visiting 
musicians, McGill staff members, and the larger pro- 
ductions such as the McGUI Symphony Orchestra, 
Choir, and the Opera Studio. This year's schedule in- 
cludes several events that should be on the music 
lover's "not-to-be-missed" list. 

The CBC-McGUI Series continues this year, with 
concerts on Thursday evenings. The series features 
up-and-coming artists who are just making a name 
for themselves on the international scene. The con- 
certs are, therefore, solo recitals or small ensembles. 
Two locally-trained musicians are included in this 
series. They are cellist Hélène Gagné (Thurs., Oct. 
14th) and pianist Paul Stewart (Thurs., March 17th). 

A variety of chamber groups are being presented 
this year. As part of the Rameau Symposium (see 

McGill Symphony Orchestra 
Concert Schedule 1982-83 

October 15th 


November 13th 


Academic Festival Overture 
Symphony No. 96 (Miracle) 
Symphony No. 6 

Serenade K.163 in D (strings only) 
Symphony No. 4 in E Flat 

December 10th 

Mendelssohn "Hebrides" Overture 

Bizet Carmct Suite 

(possibly replaced by Mozart Symphony or concerto) 

February 11th 

Rossini Overture from PItalieni in Algieri 

Concerto Competition Winner 
Rimsky-Korsakoff Scheherazade 

Mgi mm ï m 

below), a newly-formed Baroque Chamber group - 
the Collegium Musicum - will be performing that 
composer's works (Thurs, March 24th), and will also 
collaborate with the McGill Chamber Singers in a 
concert of Renaissance and Baroque music (Weds., 
Nov. 12th). Eugene' Plawutsky, well-known locally 
for his work with the modern music ensemble, 
Gropus 7, will giving a chamber recital (Fri., Sept. 
24th), as will McGill professor Janet Schmalfeldt 
(Mon., Jan. 7th) and MSO oboeist Theodore Baskin 
(Thurs., Nov. 25th). For jazz buffs, the Armas 
Maiste Jazz Quarter will be giving two concerts 
(Weds., Nov. 3rd and Weds., Feb. 3rd). Several 
other chamber concerts are also scheduled. 

The McGill Symphony Orchestra has already 
released its programme for the 1982-83 season, and it 
is very ambitious one, consisting of favourites from 
the orchestral repertoire. The orchestra's director 
this year is Richard Hoenich, bassoonist with the 
Montreal Symphony Orchestra. A complete listing of 
the program is given below. The December 10th con- 
cert is especially suited to children, including 
Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra. 

Another student orchestra performing on campus 
this year is l'Orchestre des Jeunes du Québec. They 
will be performing 5 concerts at Redpath Hall during 
the school season, under the direction of Uri Mayer, 
Mario Bernard!, Franz-Paul Decker and Eugene 
Plawutsky. Details of their program will appear dur- 
ing the school year in the McGill Daily and other 
local newspapers. 

Redpath Hall, opposite the Student Union on 
McTavish St., will be the scene of several concerts 
featuring McGill's new organ. John Grew, will give 
concerts as part of the CBC-McGiJI series (Thurs., 
Nov. 18th), and the Rameau Symposium (Sat., 
March 26th). 

The Opera Studio, directed by Professors Luciano 
and Edith Delia Pergola will stage the opera Tales of 
Hoffman by Offenbach on the 9th to the 13th of 
March. As well, several concerts- of excerpts from 
well-known works will be presented. Every year the 
Opera Studio stages an opera, and it is always well at- 
tended and well received. This year's should be no ex- 

1983 is the 300th anniversary of the birth of the 
French composer and music theorist Jean Phillipe 
Rameau, and to commemorate the occasion, the 
Faculty of Music is presenting an international sym- 
posium entitled "Jean-Phillipe Rameau: New 
Perspectives on the First Fifty Years". Scholars from 
Europe, North America and Australia will give 
papers. As well, two concerts will be presented (men- 
tioned above). 

McGill will also be the site of a New Music Festival 
(Mon., Jan. 17th to Weds., Jan. 19th). This year 
works for string instruments will be featured. 
Organized by Professors Alcide Lanza, Donald 
Steven, and John Rae, this weekend session will pre- 
sent avant-garde pieces by local composers. Last 
year's piano festival was a great success, and set a 
good precedent for this year's string presentation. 

There are many other activities which have not 
been included in this general survey of the musical 
happenings at Pollack Hall, but more detailed infor- 
mation can be obtained at the main desk of the 
Faculty of Music at 555 Sherbrooke St. West. A 
monthly schedule of events at Pollack Hall is released 
at the begining of each month, and it can be relied 
upon as the most up-to-date version. As well, the 
events at Pollack Hall will be listed on a day to day 
basis in the McGill Daily. 

—Peter Tannenbaum 



1438 rue CRESCENT 
Téléphone: (514)288-9107 

des Jeunes 
du Québec 

1982-1983 Season 


Friday nights at 8:00 P.M. 
Redpath Hall 
McGill University 

November 5 


Uri Mayer 

Guest artists: 

Ensemble Répercussion 





Concerto for 4 percussion- 
nlsts (Première) 

Symphony no. 104 
In D major ("London") 

December 17 


Mario Bernard! 

Guest artist: 
Marle-Dantelle Parent 

Concerto grosso no. 8 In G 

("Christmas Concerto") 

Les Illuminations 

Symphony no. 4 
In A major ("Italian") 

February 25 


Franz-Paul Decker 

Guest artist: 
Louise Pellerln 

Divertimento fOr Mozart 
Six aspects ot "Eln Mad- 
chen oder Welbchen 

! wûnscht Papageno slch"by 
Von Elnem, Borlo, Frlcker, 
Wlmberger and Henze 

Oboe Concerto In D major 

Symphony no. 4 In C minor 

March 25 


Mario Bernard! 

Guest artist: 
Paul Stewart 

Symphony, op. 21 

Symphony no. 1 In C ma- 
jor, op. 21 

Piano Concerto no. 22 In 
E-Flat major, K.482 

April 22 


Eugene Plawutsky 

Guest artist: 
Sophie Rolland 
Cellist ' . 


Mirages (Commissioned by 
OJQ • Première) 

Cello Concerto in A minor, 
op. 129 
Symphony no. 4 
("Dellclae Baslllenses") 

Subscription: $20.00 (5 concerts) 
Information: Orchestre des Jeunes du 

1501 rue Jeanne-Mance, Montreal, Quebec 
H2X 1Z9 

Telephone: 282-9465 

... , •; ;.. .« .... -„ 


The music scene in Montréal is not one of the 
healthiest for a city of. its size. It leaves the 
music afficionado with a lot to be desired. 

This is not to say Montreal is musically 

dead — far from it. But what does exist is a polarity 
between "big name" acts on the one hand, and local 
talent on the other. Montreal's biggest problem is the 
lack of mid-range performers. 

There are several reasons for this deficiency: 
bureaucratic, geographical, and exposure. Playing 
here involves a lot of paper work, such as work per- 
mits, immigration visas and customs deposits on 
equipment. As well, performers need special 
clearance from the Québec government in order to 
process their Canadian visas. If the band from 
abroad the bureaucratic procedure takes even longer. 

Geographically Montréal is a bit out of the way of 
the well-trodden concert circuit. Compared to 
Toronto, there arc no major American cities nearby 
which would make Montréal an easy hop across the 
border. (Unless an act decides on a Canadian swing, 
playing Ottawa on the way to Toronto.) 

The above reasons are compounded by the most 
important one: the lack of exposure on the local air- 
waves. Radio in this city is stagnant at best, with little 
variety to the sound presented by the "progressive 
rock" stations. So why put up with all the hassles 
when few people will turn up for the show? It is 
known that several bands by-pass Montréal now 
after having experienced pathetic turn-outs at their 

The dismal track record of rock 'n'roll clubs is 
another compelling aspect of the Montréal music 
scene. The city has a hard time supporting a venue, 
even for major artists, as clubs open and close one 
after another. In recent months Le Pretzel has closed 
down for the third time, while Le Club Montréal has 
reopened (for the second time), but only for the occa- 
sional concert and not on a daily basis. 

Clubs will be forced to continue closing their doors 
in light of the rising costs for performers to both 
management and audience, and the patrons' indif- 
ferent attitudes toward alcohol consumption 
especially after paying a high cover charge. But 
hopefully, as has happened in the past, they will 

reopen their doors at some point in the future. 

After painting such a bleak picture let me draw to 
your attention that music does exist in Montréal and 
is well worth checking out. 

The best source for keeping up to date with the 
club scene is the "What's On" listing in the Saturday 
edition of The Gazette. (No, this is not meant to be a 
plug for buying the paper — try borrowing your 
neighbour's copy.) Or pick up a copy of Virus, Mon- 
tréal's only alternative city mag, which not only con- 
tains listings of musical events, but also of Him, 
theatre, and exhibitions for the month. (It should be 
mentioned that Virus is in French, but that does not 
hinder the comprehension of its listings.) 

With these two guides in hand you have the club 
scene pretty well covered. Also make sure you check 
out posters on street walls and lamp posts, especially 
in the McGill Ghetto and around the St. 
Laurent /Prince Arthur area. The only thing you 
have to do is be able to identify what kind of music is 
played at the various clubs. Sometimes, though, the 
name of the club or the name of the performer(s) will 
be revealing. 

What Montréal does have is a good jazz scene with 
an abundance of clubs to support it. The best known 
jazz club is The Rising Sun, which has always been 
the main outlet for well-known jazz and blues artists 
(Betty Carter, Taj Mahal, Dizzy Gillespie). In the last 
year the club's repertoire has expanded to include 
reggae acts. Located at 286 St. Catherine St. W. 
(returning from its St. Antoine location which was 
slightly off the beaten track, and from the depths of 
bankruptcy). Be prepared to dip deep into your 

pocket or just save up for those acts you really want 
to see. 

Located down in Old Montréal at 191 St. Paul St. 
W. is L'Air du Temps with its high-profile nightlife 
and vibrant music, set in a trendy environment. 
There is live music every night, and during its three- 
year existence L'Air du Temps has become a sought 
after place to play* at. On weekends there is always a 
cover, and be forewarned that the place tends to fill 
up fairly fast. 

One of my favourites is The Jazz Bar on Ontario 
St. E. just a few blocks from St. Laurent. This non- 
obstrusive club is owned by guitarist Ivan Symonds, 
who, with his trio, entertain you with jazz standards, 
as well as original material. More often than not, 
other musicians drop in after their own performances 
and jam with the trio before calling it a night . If you 
enjoy a low-key environment, this is your place. 

One of the best jazz clubs you've never heard of is 
the Club des Musiciens, hidden away in the Musi- 
cian's Guild building at 1 500 de Maisonncuve E. The 
Club is an hangout for many local musicians so ex- 
pect anything. Len Dobbin (of "This is Len Dobbin" 
fame) occasionally emcees, doing his passable white 
jive with shades of "Symphony" Sid between sets. 
Atmosphere is "hip," decor is neo-high school 
cafeteria, alcohol is cheap. Look for Cub posters 
around campus or just drop by on a weekend. 

Café La Voute at Sherbrooke and Guy offers good 
local talent and informal jam sessions just about 
every night of the week. The outdoor café (until late 
fall) makes La Voute all the more pleasant — you can 
just walk by and hear what's playing. 

Turning to rock music, just down the street from 
The Jazz Club and nestled in a comer is the quaint 
Cat's Paw (on Ontario St. E. just steps away from 
St. Lawrence). No bigger than some people's living 
rooms, The Cat's Paw possesses a very intimate at- 

contlnucd on next pago 


continu*! from pnrhut page 
mosphcre. Formerly a jazz club, the music has turned 
to more alternative rock. Due to its size there is 
always a miminal cover charge. 

If your musical taste is raunch 'n' roll cum heavy 
metal, The Mustache is the place for you. Located at 
1445 Closse St. right next to the Forum, The 
Mustache attracts competent bar bands who hammer 
out well-rehearsed cover versions of old-time 
favorites. The saloon-type atmosphere is com- 
plemented by the jugs of cheap beer. This place is 
definitely a haven for hard-core CHOM listeners. 
You can watch the bands inside and the fights out- 

The Checkers club on Park Ave. above Mont 
Royal has established itself in the last year for bring- 
ing in the occasional mid-range band. The place has 
hosted the likes of Carolync Mas, Polyrock and A 
Certain Ratio. Otherwise you can usually see decent 
environment. (As a point of interest, the*refcorded 
music is provided by ex-Radio McGill DJs.) 

If it's reggae you are looking for then try Club 
Nubia at 2112 St.Catherinc St. W. near Atwater. 
Montréal has a number of impressive reggae bands, 
such as J.R. Express, Street People and Selah, all of 

which you would be able to catch at some point in 
time in this smooth and friendly bar. 

Occasionally Toronto-based reggae performers 
make an appearance; and you can always hear some 
excellent "dub" that you won't hear on the radio or 
anywhere else in the city. 

The crowd is a unique blend of students, punks, 

"The crowd is a unique 
blend of students, punks, 
rastafarians, and up-and- 
coming professionals-." 

rastafarians, and up-and-coming young profes- 
sionals who don their Lacoste shirts and adidas in a 
rare venture out of nearby Westmount Square. 

Ambience is provided by two Bob Marley posters 
and plush carpeting on the floor and crawling up the 
walls. While the superabundance of carpet lends a 
crowded Nubia the air of the fire trap, beer at $1 .50, 
hard liquor at $2.50, and the best reggae in Montréal 

Vêlements pour dames 
à prix d'escompte 

Ladles' Failli ont al 
Discouru Prices 

Montréal, Québec 
II3H 2119 
• Tél.: (514) 933-3330 

With the 



should help you forget imminent immolation. 
Weekend cover (Thursday, Friday, Saturday) is 
$2.00, $4.00 for imported acts. 

And for those who prefer the folksier side of the 
musical spectrum, The Yellow Door located in the 
McGill Ghetto at 3625 Aylmer is the place to visit. 
Local folksingers and hootnannies are on their agen- 
da. On the other side of the McGill campus at Stanley 
below PenfielH, The Golem Coffee House usually 
has weekly concert evenings. This summer Tom Pax- 
ton and Peter Tork (of "Hey, hey, we're the 
Monkees" fame) have appeared on its stage. A cover 
is charged at both places, with coffee and soft drinks 
available for purchase. The Handbook has learned 
that Tork will be returning to the Golem in late Oc- 
tober or early November. 

This is by no means an extensive list of music clubs 
in Montréal, but only a small selection of the better 
known ones. Within weeks of being in this city you 
wjll be discovering places which will appeal to your 
musical taste and style. It should be briefly mention- 
ed that on the average most places charge about $3 
dollars admission (especially on the weekends), while 
the average beer price hovers around $2.50. 

Of course Montréal gets most of the big names that 
tour, their popularity and appeal determining the 
concert hall they appear in. .These range from the 
Forum and Theatre St. Denis to Le Plateau and Le 
Club Montréal. Each of these places have advantages 
and disadvantages, but remember if you want to see 
(and I stress see) your favourite band at the Forum, 
make sure you buy your ticket as soon as the show is 
announced, otherwise you will be stuck in the rafters 
longing for binoculars and wondering if it is really 
worth the strain. □ 

—Martin Siberok 



Has a full menu 
of Great Brasserie food 
from "Baron de Boeuf" 
to "Tourtière" to home 
made pies & cakes 


bràsserie\> METRO LEVEL 

ACT* 1 849-0525 


continu*] from preriou» page 

mosphere. Formerly a jazz club, the music has turned 
to more alternative rock. Due to its size there is 
always a miminal cover charge. 

If your musical taste is raunch V roll cum heavy 
metal, The Mustache is the place for you. Located at 
1445 Closse St. right next to the Forum, The 
Mustache attracts competent bar bands who hammer 
out well-rehearsed cover versions of old-time 
favorites. The saloon-type atmosphere is com- 
plemented by the jugs of cheap beer. This place is 
definitely a haven for hard-core CHOM listeners. 
You can watch the bands inside and the fights out- 

The Checkers club on Park Ave. above Mont 
Royal has established itself in the last year for bring- 
ing in the occasional mid-range band. The place has 
hosted the likes of Carolyne Mas, Polyrock and A 
Certain Ratio. Otherwise you can usually see decent 
environment. (As a point of interest, the^retorded 
music is provided by ex-Radio McGill DJs.) 

If it's reggae you are looking for then try Club 
Nubia at 2112 St.Catherine St. W. near Atwater. 
Montreal has a number of impressive reggae bands, 
such as J.R. Express, Street People and Selah, all of 

which you would be able to catch at some point in 
time in this smooth and friendly bar. 

Occasionally Toronto-based reggae performers 
make an appearance; and you can always hear some 
excellent "dub" that you won't hear on the radio or 
anywhere else in the city. 

The crowd is a unique blend of students, punks, 

"The crowd is a unique 
blend of students, punks, 
rastalarians, and upend- 
coming professionals-." 

rastafarians, and up-and-coming young profes- 
sionals who don their Lacoste shirts and adidas in a 
rare venture out of nearby Westmount Square. 

Ambience is provided by two Bob Marley posters 
and plush carpeting on the floor and crawling up the 
walls. While the superabundance of carpet lends a 
crowded Nubia the air of the fire trap, beer at $1.50, 
hard liquor at $2.50, and the best reggae in Montréal 

With the 



should help you forget imminent immolation. 
Weekend cover (Thursday, Friday, Saturday) is 
$2.00, $4.00 for imported acts. 

And for those who prefer the folksier side of the 
musical spectrum, The Yellow Door located in the 
McGill Ghetto at 3625 Aylmer is the place to visit. 
Local folksingers and hootnannies are on their agen- 
da. On the other side of the McGill campus at Stanley 
below Penfield, The Golem Coffee House usually 
has weekly concert evenings. This summer Tom Pax- 
ton and Peter Tork (of "Hey, hey, we're the 
Monkees" fame) have appeared on its stage. A cover 
is charged at both places, with coffee and soft drinks 
available for purchase. The Handbook has learned 
that Tork will be returning to the Golem in late Oc- 
tober or early November. 

This is by no means an extensive list of music clubs 
in Montreal, but only a small selection of the better 
known ones. Within weeks of being in this city you 
wjll be discovering places which will appeal to your 
musical taste and style. It should be briefly mention- 
ed that on the average most places charge about $3 
dollars admission (especially on the weekends), while 
the average beer price hovers around $2.50. 

Of course Montréal gets most of the big names that 
tour, their popularity and appeal determining the 
concert hall they appear in. .These range from the 
Forum and Theatre St. Denis to Le Plateau and Le 
Club Montréal. Each of these places have advantages 
and disadvantages, but remember if you want to see 
(and I stress see) your favourite band at the Forum, 
make sure you buy your ticket as soon as the show is 
announced, otherwise you will be stuck in the rafters 
longing for binoculars and wondering if it is really 
worth the strain. □ 

—Martin Siberok 



Has a full menu 
of Great Brasserie food 
from "Baron de Boeuf" 
to "Tourtière" to home 
made pies & cakes 


brasserie^* METRO LEVEL 

ACT£ 1 849-0525 



ontréal's taste is in its feet. Everyone from 
Dorion-suitcd Place Ville Marie-types to 
neon-decked trendettes turn out on any 
given night to give the streets and clubs of 
Schizo City that particular joie de vivre that brings 
tourists all the way from Peoria, Yellowknife, and 
Longueuil, to drink in our culture (or just drink in 
our bars). The discerning dancer soon learns through 
trial and error that there are places to be, places not 
to be caught dead, and places to be dead. 

Montreal may not offer spots as trendy as New 
York's Danceteria or as electrically charged as 
Xenon, but the trend capital of the Great White 
North does offer a varied assortment of attitude dan- 
cing experiences, from raunch and roll in Old Mon- 
tréal to drop-dead chic on Crescent Street. Many 
clubs are open until 3 a.m., and most do not charge 
cover unless there is a live act. Expect to pay about 
$2.25 for beer and $3.50 for mixed drinks. , 


St- Alexandre above Stc-Catherinc 

Expiring in the shadow of the shopping centre 
church (St. James'), this almost deserted club looks 
like something out of Saturday Night Fever, in- 
cluding polyester-clad, blown-dry, Tony Manero 
characters, lamely imitating the funky Californians 
they see on the tube. Cabaret's appeal is that -the 
color-lighted dance floor and elaborate overhead 
light and fan system provide lots of space and air for 
the -truly dedicated to attempt acrobatic feats of part- 
ner dancing. 

Drinking and talking are not a serious considera- 
. tion to the regulars, so drinks are over-priced and the 
waiters a bit dense. The predominantly English syn- 
thesizer disco is a bit behind the other clubs in Mon- 
tréal, and a bit loud for conversation at the glass and 
steel tables surrounding the dance floor, but the DJ is 
open to suggestions. Since no one goes here these 
days, it's a good place to hide out from the crowds. 

Vol de Nuit 
Prince Arthur 

A good place to sip Campari and tonic along with 
a somewhat chi chi if laid-back crowd. The soft lights 
cleverly concealed amongst layers of high-tech 
girderi ng and artsy pennants provide this reasonably- 
priced bar with atmosphere perfect for the prevalent 
sport, discreet people watching. You will be greeted 
at the speakeasy style trap door by a nose and a pair 
of eyes scanning for style potential. When the club 
begins to get crowded about 10:30 a.m. (usually only 
on weekends) the maitrc d' makes it hard for the tar- 
dy to get by. For those early enough to beat the 
crowds, or who possess a membership card, the scene 
inside is worthwhile, and the music varies from 
mainstream reggae to typical Montreal disco, with 
the occasional Latin tune thrown in for interest. The 
dance floor is small, but not crowded; the people 
here are pretty tied up chatting about Fassbinder and 

Pine at Clark 

Hidden away where only dance devotees will find it 
waits one of Montreal's best trot spots, offering a 
blend of music that varies from night to night, depen- 
ding on the crowd's — and the DJ's — mood. The 
largely Francophone crowd is less self-conscious than 
habitués of other night roosts, and is fairly regular, 
despite the mutability of the music. 

A miniscule fenced-in dance floor doesn't deter ar- 
dent hoofers from thronging to elbow one another to 
strains ranging from Stones to Van Morrison to Rita 
Marley. The large front room tends to be packed and 
very smokey, its walls background for a changing 
selection of ch attable art. The more quiet back room 
seems to be held by unspoken reservation for serious 
discussions on Bauhaus architecture and last sum- 
mer's trip to Europe. 

Until recently Secrets was a secret to all but a few 
older university students and young working types. 
Now the wait outside the door after 10:30 on a 
weekend night can be 20 minutes or more. Despite 
the cheaper drinks, the kids still haven't discovered 
this haven from the mini-skirted Euroflakes who 
flock to the West Side clubs. 

Le Cargo 

St-Denls near Rachel 

Cheap and good dance make Cargo a spot so hot 
even Tommy Schnurmacher has discovered it — 
which means this high energy Nouvelle Vague club is 
sure to be crammed on the weekends with NOKD 
(Not Our Kind, Deah). The club is packed after mid- 
night any night with hordes of hoary punkers and 
reformed New Romantics very serious about their 
bopping. Outside, a sign warns no drug deals in- 
doors, but you can watch them from the third floor 
picture window overlooking St-Denis. This place is 
the ultimate primal scream. 

Studio 1 

Ste-Calherine between Mansfield and Metcalfe 

Intense is the word. Even a casual glance inside this 
non-restrictive gay club reveals that all the men and 
the few women in tow are dressed to kill, or at least 
to maim seriously. These are the people our parents 
warned us about. But it's all in the look; the crowd is 
soooo cool. They don't drink a lot, which is not sur- 
prising at $2.75 for beer. 

The pounding sound at the top of the stairs is a 
quicksilver combination of newest new wave, the 
obligatory smattering of outré disco, and a heavy 
undercurrent of the most sophisticated reggae. Since 
the dance space is limited, the doorman keeps a close 
watch on the size and style of the crowd; if he doesn't 
like your look, you don't dance here. On a really 
zooming weekend night only cardholders get in. 



continued trcm prtvloLn page 

Anyone who finds the well-disguised hideout 
deserves a prize. Which brings us to... 


St-Laurent above Prince Arthur 

Camouflage must be someone's nightmare come 
true, but that shouldn't scare away people who live to 
dance. Aptly named, this stand-up/pick-up bar does 
not provide much in the way of space or other 
ambience-inducing features.... like chairs, but 
mavens of the gay way flock here in droves to dance, 
dance, dance. 

The mostly-American music (a bow to New York) 
is tremendous for self-abandoned, bodily harm- 
inflicting gyration. DJs are right on the edge of the 
dance floor, grooving away (Most clubs erect altars 
to their DJs to discourage anyone even thinking of 
requesting a change in the playlist.). They keep a 
broad selection of older music on hand, and are 
amenable to suggestions and personal favorites. 

Drinks are good and reasonably priced, and there 
is an occasional 50 cent beer night. Not a place to be 
depressed and loi artsy. 


Drummond above de Maisonneuve 

It's no coincidence that three non-restrictive gay 
bars are listed here, for gay bars seem to draw Mon- 
tréal's most stylish, least judgemental crowds. Bac- 
carat is two steps closer to New York than 
Camouflage when it comes to atmosphere, but still 
not a bloody chair to be found. The dance floor is 
small and hot, the music is loud and not. Drinks are a 
bit light on alcohol, but the waiters are entertainment 

in themselves. Jaguar, the bar in back, provides R&R 
from the bustle up front, and a video show to void 
out your mind. An occasional transvcstite singer 
wows the boys with tasteless renditions of torch 
songs of every continent. 

And so, moving on from the establishments 
of character and distinction, a mention of 
one or two other spots rounds out the 
martithoner's repertoire to include at last 
the ridiculous and the sublime. The less adventurous 
will find their kind on Crescent and Bishop streets 
where leotarded jail bait from the South Shore 
studiously pose as flesh and flash incarnations of 
their favourite Madamoiselle spreads. 

Here we stumble upon Vog and Metal/Glace (ac- 
tually on Stanley), home of the hurt-me, hurt-me, 
variety of punkette. The music never strays far from 
the de rigeur playlist of Go Go's tunes and remade 
Motown sounds. The atmosphere tends to be 
fashionably sterile, the languid regulars rather 
oblivious to any look but their own. This part of 
town tends to be over-priced and often under- 
staffed, so let us head east. 

Napping is the prevalent activity at Régine atop the 
Hyatt, and the rumba is a favorite at Altitheque 727 
in the clouds about Place Ville Marie. Both charge a 
hefty cover to join the bore-me-badly crowd as they 
earnestly explore the fine differences between Max- 
im's and Fauchon catsup. If you don't worry about 
$4.50 for a branch and bourbon, these two rooftop 
discotheques have the best nosebleed views of Mon- 
treal at night or anytime. 

South of Businessville lies Vieux Montréal, when 
dancing is considered a pastime only by those lacking 
the talent to juggle, play the bongoes, paint sad 
clowns or sling two-four. The term neanderthal 
comes to mind when thinking of the dancing seen in 
most boites â chansons in this quartier, but if that's 
your bag, Pierrot and A La Queue Leu Leu on St- 
Paul are always cooking, and relatively cheap for the 
brewski. Dress code is strictly high Harley Davidson 
Be warned. 

Turning north up St-Denis, one at last heads for 
Swingtown. A jog along this hotbed of retrograde 
sub-culturalism reveals many out of the ordinary way 
stations on the road to purgatory. About half the 
clubs in sight have dance floors, of the new 
wave/ reggae combination we kids like so much. Affi- 
cionados like to say they've been to Le Grand Café 
and Salons des Cents, the first heavy on French-funk 
fantasy fare, the second fond of electric Québécois 
disco. Bar Latin is a real mind bender for salsa 
lovers, though the very small bar fills up quickly, 
especially on the frequent nights when dance music is 
provided by a live band. 

To close the evening on the upbeat, there's Tax/ on 
Ste- Dominique just below Prince Arthur. If real men 
don't eat quiche, they're sure not to be here, for this 
oh-so-tasteful troupe of beautiful people look like 
they could stomach nothing.more manly. This brand 
new club is sure to be invaded soon by flocks of the 
foofi shoe folk before they get relevant at nearby 
Prince Arthur St. cafés. Taxi has the potential to be 
one of those truly special places to mellow out and be 
real that should be kept a secret by those in the know. 
Fer sure. - 

— Wingolia P. Hamster-Brookeshire 
'And boy, are her feet tired.' 


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This offer expires November 15, 1982. 


. jazz 

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Classes. begin Sept. 7th 
Good for sports' enthusiasts 
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Information: 849-6071 

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(or just call me Second-hand Rose) 

The Montréal street fashion scene lends itself 
easily to an overly simple Yellow Pages 
story format. For the most part, dressers in 
this city polarize under clear-cut peer 
group-influenced fashion categories. While fashion 
writers and gossip columnists croon wishfully about 
Montreal's internationally progressive con- 
sciousness, students in the know know enough to 
regress to the commercially successful trends of the 
20's, 30*s, 40's , and even the slick SO's to make their 
own anti-fashion fashion statements. 

The second hand way of life need not be the ex- 
clusive domain of the poor. In fact, even those lucky 
enough to be of old money can share in the originali- 
ty and exclusivity of a time-beaten fedora and faded 
bowling shirts and pay highly for the privilege. 

Time beaten and faded maybe, but dirty never. 
Second-hand emporiums (in the Montréal area at 
ieast) insist on overall cleanliness. Most items still 
sport dry-cleaning tags in much the same way clothes 
off the retail rack flash alligators and polo players. 

Those who do take the time to sift through the 
miniature showrooms of retro styles that dot the city 
usually do come up with that one in a million buy 
that says "Calvin Klein be damned." Unfortunately, 
most come away disappointed by prohibitively high 
prices and bottom of the barrel selection. The few 
items of any sartorial value are usually whisked from 
the rack, rushed to the cash, and stuffed into plain 
brown paper bags long before any one human can 
say "cute zoot suit." 

When one is lucky enough to finally make eye con- 
tact with that lusciously tailored wing-tip shirt or that 
finely feathered magenta boa, the accompanying 
price tag is more often than not blinding to the stu- 
dent with short-sighted economic visions. Weigh 
your allegiance to the New Romantics fashion move- 
ment against your undying devotion to a substantial 
breakfast and a roof over your head at night and act 

At this point, abridged descriptions of What's 
Where in the second-hand fashion establishment are 
in order. 

Drags at 367 St-Paul makes a concerted effort at 
selling only those items which are trendy to the se- 
cond hand sub-culture. This includes everything 
from two-tone shoes to fox coats in an assortment of 
sizes and relative states of disrepair. Really serious 
afficionados of used clothing may even manage to 
find some redeemable value in the store's selection of 
lingerie and uniforms (candy-stripers, diner 
waitresses, policemen, etc.). Unfortunately, Drags' 
reputation as the most popular second hand store in 
Montréal and its tourist location (Old Montreal) 
allow it to sell old clothes at new prices. 

Most of what is available at Drags is also available 
at a place called Amsal but at more affordable prices. 
Located in the most eastern tip of the island at 11465 
Sherbrooke E. in Pointe Aux Trembles, Amsal offers 
rack upon rack of great bargains suitable even for the 
second-hand ruling cliques. 

By the Pound, Frocks Trot and Boutique Fantasti- 
que are all vying to control the downtown market. By 
the Pound on Crescent below Stc-Catherine seems to 
have a larger inventory but this may just be the illu- 
sion created by its rather haphazard layout. The 
store's musty air adds to its authenticity but most 
find it somewhat dingy. The best part of it is that you 
pay for exactly what you get: as the name suggests, 
everything is weighed and priced according to its 
fabrié\ i 

Boutique Fantastique at 2155 Mountain doesn't 
necessarily cater to the student's budget but is still 
worth a look. This is where carefully crafted Diors go 
to meet their fates and, like common clothing, are 
bought off the rack. 

Those seeking to be scarred by the nether world of 
shit-on-me-punks had best direct themselves to either 
Rebel, Boutique Scandale or Boutique Vulgaire on 
upper St-Laurent near Pine. Their respective razor- 
keen staffs will more than oblige you if they aren't 
already busy obliging each other. If, however, you 
feel that those unsightly hairs that cover the region 
immediately above your hypothalamus have a God- 
given right to be there, stay away. For establishments 
that purport to sell clothes to the elements of life's fr- 
inge, they are fashionably understocked and horren- 
dously over-priced. 

The Carre St-Louis area and the length of St-Dcnis 
above it yield the greatest concentration of second 
hand shops per square foot than any other part of 
Montreal. Of the following, most all satisfy a more 
middle of the road second hand look (if we deem one 
to exist) and all are affordable: 

Rendez-vous à Rio, 3459 St-Dcnis, has a high tur- 
nover of clothes so the selection is ever-changing. Ex- 
pect loud colors and a lively atmosphere. 
Rose-Nanane is an extremely small two-tone bouti- 
que that borders on the hard-edged. Nevertheless, the 
wonderfully decorated surroundings are never in- 
timidating to cult neophytes. It's at 377 Roy E. 
La Chipie du Carre at 3607 St-Denis prefers to sell 
some new (as in never worn and not necessarily 1982) 
clothes along with the old. 
Bronx, at 4077 St-Denis, is the newest store in the 
area. Others include Les Boulamites at 3860 St- 
Denis, Les Phantaisies at 4063a St-Denis, La Poudre 
aux Yeux at 858 Marie Anne E., Le Rétroviseur at 
470 Rachel E. and Boutique D'Antan 1666a St- 

Those who are strictly textbook progressives and 
wouldn't flinch at the thought of crowding out the 
truely needy might consider the following. They are 
charitable relief outlets where a hungry look and the 
price of a Big Mac will keep you clothed until 

Aux Milles Trucs at the corner of Roy and Drolet is 
located in the same neighbourhood as all the above 
but, because all its clothes arc donated, it can afford 
to offer them for mere pennies. 
The Salvation Army's many outlets have much to of- 
fer in terms of second-hand gbods. Again, everything 
is donated so prices are kept to a minimum. 

Three other organizations run by auxilary groups 
hock clothing of alt shapes and sizes. The possibilities 
they allow are endless but they only specialize in 
more classic clothes and ignore blinding new- wave at- 
tire. They are: The Turnabout Shop at 386 Victoria 
in Westmount, The Outlet Shop at 4641 Van Home 
and Ortique at 293 Villeneuve, above Mount Royal. 

Army fatigues and paraphernalia arc, if nothing 
else, functional, resistant, and only for those willing 
to compromise their views on American imperialism. 
The Army Surplus and Sports Store on St-Laurent 
below Sherbrooke and Surplus D'Armee at 20 Notre 
Dame E. both carry old and new remnants of the 
people whojve joined the people who've joined the 
army, including i boots, caps, pea coats. Also 
available inlarmy or navy.D 

I —FredAstaire 


Books for the peripatetic bibliophile 

"But bookstores are such a wonderful place to go 
anyway. Just to be there." Bibliophilie purists may 
worry over a coming trend at booksellers to provide 
muffins with the Maupassant, but for some, that 
splat of humus in the pages of Das Kapital is just the 
palatability Marx needed. Running the gamut in 
bookstores these days is more like running the 
gauntlet. The choice is no longer just the baffling ar- 
ray of leftist factions and ethnic consciences; now the 
devoted browser must also come to terms with carrot 
cake vs. quiche when choosing his roost for the after- 

Of course, these are not mainstream bookstores; 
those outré bastions of Harlequin Romances covered 
in six designer colours are not where the serious and 
sagacious are to be found. Bookstores are places to 
be, or not to be, but the question is really whether 'tis 
nobler to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous 
prices at Coles, or to head for the holes in the wall. 

With Le Palais du Livres closing in October over a 
cigarettes on Sunday squabble, the leader in the 
second-hand field may be The Word on Milton 
(845-5640). The shop is dwarfed by le Palais' six jam- 
packed floors, but the selection in literature, non- 
fiction and reference/ text books is more relèvent to 
the student buyer. The turnover seems fairly rapid in 
such things as sociology and political science classics, 
a bit slower in English literature. Canadian and 
American literature are sometimes sparse. French 
literature is available. Books in demand are usually 
replaced eventually, so it's worthwhile to check back. 
Browsing is encouraged; in fact some of these people 
seem as cobwebby as the ancient overstuffed chairs in 
the corners. 

Huis Clos at 2013 St-Laurent is a small shop run by 
a recent McGill graduate. Not too far away is 
Librairie Prince Arthur (formerly Kebuk)on de 
Bullion just south of Prince Arthur.Both stores have 
slightly unbalanced combinations of books, with a 
good selection of ethnic and health food cookbooks 
and the more obscure foreign language dictionaries. 
Huis Clos has prints and a few used albums', Prince 
Arthur has a few more used albums. 

Specialised bookstores draw their own kind of 
devout crowd. The best known and best stocked is 
Norman Bethune at 1951 Rosemont (276-2421), run 

by the Worker's Communist Party. Trotskyist 
literature is found at Octobre at 4216 St-Denis 
(843-7290). It's run by the Groupe Socialiste des 
Travailleurs du Québec and is pretty small, but has a 
good selection of works in French. For pamphlets 
and tracts hot off the ideologically-correct press, 
there's Alternative Bookshop, 2033 St-Laurent 
(844-3207). Hard core Marxist-Leninists are served 
by L'Etincelle, the publishers of En Lutte! at 4933 
Grand Pré (844-3207). 

Androgene is a non-profit volunteer collective full 
of interesting people and books on gay and feminist 



2048 ST-DENIS 







11 AM 
11 AM 
11 AM 

6 PM 
9 PM 
5 PM 

We buy, sell, and trade 
quality books, records, 
& cassettes in french, 
english and spanish. 

50% de réduction 

archéoligie/préhistoire linguistique 

art littérature 

astronomie mathématiques/Informatique . 

biologie/médecine musicologie 

chimie philosophie 

droit physique/théories physiques. 

économie psychologie 

ethnologie théâtre 

géographie sciences de la terre 

histoire sociologie 


La Nouvelle-France 

2119 Saint-Denis 
. Métro Sherbrooke 
TéL 849-7855 







21 h 


• 6 photocopieurs 

• papier bond 

• monnaies pas nécessaire 



topics, and has a selection of non-sexist books to br- 
ing up baby by. The address is 1217 Crescent, and in- 
formation on gay and feminist events is available at 

Lately-shrunk Liberation Books is tucked away 
under that God-awful tunnel at de Maisonneuve and 
Drummond (843-6307). The selection is accordingly 
small, but this is the only bookseller downtown 
specialising in Third World literature, pamphlets, 
buttons and information. The place is now too small 
for the occassional crafts exhibits they used to have, 
and there are fewer books for children from Asia, the 
Caribbean, Africa and South America. Hours seem 
to be irregular. 

Another store claiming to be one of a kind, Ulysses 
has books on travel in every style, on and between 
every continent. They're at 1208 St-Denis (843-7135). 

It's hard to pin down what a place like Terre Etoile 
specialises in. It's either quiche, tofu, brioches, 

Margaret Atwood or Stendahl. As the name of the 
place suggests, this "tastefully redone rowhouse," 
on Sherbrooke just this side of Clarcmont, has am- 
biguous intent and content, but it's just oh-so 

Last comes the venerable old Paragraph on Sher- 
brooke just west of the Erotic Gates. The address ac- 
tually lists the entrance as Mansfield, and that's 
where you'll have to go for the muffins. Yes, 
children, even Paragraph, those respected (and close) 
purveyors of Rabelais, Milton and Margaret Trudeau 
have gone café, but such is the march of time and 
trend. The store carries a good selection of Cana- 
diana and magazines for those who don't care for the 

-Montague Douglas Scott 

Books I 


Africa, Asia, Central & South America, Tho Caribbean 
J Literature, History, Current Affairs, Politics 

X We specialize In Black & Third World 

{Books and Periodicals 
Horn of Africa Journal Now On Sala 

? 1 207 de Maisonneuve West Ô42-5021 * 

"More than a bookstore" 

• Books — Livres etc... • Engraving. Prints & Posters 

• Records — Disques Gravures et Affiches 

• Postcards — Cartes Postales 

• Nostalgia & Memorabilia 

& other eollcctors'items 

2045 Bishop. Suite I 849-3175 

an English bookstore 

Comes to the aid of the Student 
with its 

• Convenient Sunday hours 

• Knowledgeable service 

• Proximity to Snowdon metro 

• Baker's Dozen Book Club 

Monday to Friday 9:30-6, Sunday 10-5 

5474 Queen Mary Road 


All you ever 

to kno 



New and us 
Read out mon 


HTT?lTT?5 i I [i I k 14 iTiTil . H I in 31 

3457 St-Denis tel.: 843-5022 





(corner Côte des Neiges) 
above Café la Voûte 

1[ Paragraph Bookstore 
& Café 

Drop by for a literary 

munch and a light lunch. 

See us for your books and stationery. 

Meet for coffee and quiche in a 
pleasant and familiar atmosphere. 
We are just across the street 
from McGill. 

in i inn i minimum un i nn in mm i m i nimum 

2065 Mansfield St. 845-5811 

! UU 



Canadian Boohs 
Cidres Canadiens 

123571 Qreene, Westmount 


M i m i n i iii i mmmmmm ii i iii iii i i ii ii ii mi i m 


Other travelogue 

Ottawa: City of Great Compromises 

Ottawa, the nation's capital, truly represents 
Canada for it is one of our greatest compromises. 
Queen Victoria chose this former lumbertown to be 
the capital because of its geographic position — it lies 
on the Québec-Ontario border (Upper and Lower 
Canada back then), and is almost halfway between 
Montreal and Toronto. 

Ottawa is one of the few North American, and, for 
that matter, international cities to have been planned 
before it was built, allowing for easy access to park 
and recreational areas of which the city is overflow- 

The downtown market area is one of the most in- 
teresting in Ottawa. It has undergone many changes 
in the past decade, namely it has at least quadrupled 
in size and in variety of stores. 

During the warmer weather fruit and vegetable 
stands line the streets. There are also many year- 
round shops selling everything from fish to health 
foods to kitchen utensils. 

One of the market's greatest attractions is the 
amount of cafés and restaurants in the area. Most are 
small and have their own specialties — from the 
myriad of desserts at Memories at the corner of 
Clarence and Sussex (7 Clarence), to the eclectic 
menu at The Bohemian (89 Garcnce). 

The number and quality of restaurants, and 
especially cafés, in Ottawa has also increased. Some 
of the main restaurant areas are Bank Street (a mix- 
ture of everything), Rideau (Chinese, Jewish and 
steak) and Somerset (Chinese). There are many, 
many others scattered throughout the city. If money 

is a problem, most of the cafés offer good meals that 
are quite reasonable. 

Ottawa is well known for its athletic and recrea- 
tional centres. There are a plethora of parks, criss- 
crossed with bicycle-paths which double as jogging 
and roller-skating routes as well as excellent sites for 
midnight strolls. 

ft I v 

0 e 


The Rideau Canal is a main winter attraction in the 
capital. It is iced over and groomed for skating from 
just before Christmas to mid-February along its eight 
kilometre length. This makes it the longest skating 
ring in the world. 

Ice skates (and roller skates in the summer to skate 
beside the Canal) can be rented at several locations 
along the route. Prices are reasonable and enjoyment 

A must-see in Ottawa is Hog's Back Falls, whose 
name becomes more fitting after you see it. The Falls 
are located around Riverside south of Baseline (near 
Carleton University). There is a large park there with 
both open spaces and walking paths. 

Probably the easiest way to get to Ottawa is by 
Voyageur Bus. Buses leave every hour on the hour 
and take approximately two hours to get there. Prices 
depend on how long you're staying and on what day 
you leave. Don't forget to ask for the student dis- 
count (10). 

If hotels are out of your price range there are two 
rather inexpensive places to stay. The Hostel- 
Nicholas Street (75 Nicholas), a reconverted jail, and 
the YM-YWCA (180 Argyle) are suggested. If you're 
coming in by bus get off at the first stop for the 
former, and at the terminal for the *Y\ 

There are several important events in and around 
Ottawa throughout the year. The Winter Carnival, 
around the second week of February, is centered 
around the Canal and consists of horse racing, 
skating and other ice-related activities. 

The Tulip Festival in early May attracts many peo- 
ple to the city. The tulips are courtesy of Queen 
Juliana of Holland in thanks for our protection of 
her during the Second World War. 

The Canada Day celebrations on July 1st cannot 
be beat. Ottawa, being the capital, has the best 
fireworks display in the country. 

In late August the Canadian National Exhibition 
(called the *Ex' by the natives) comes to town, with 
rides, exhibitions and concerts. 

There are both alpine and cross-country skiing in 
the National Capital Region, although the latter is 
certainly more plentiful. In general the National 
Capital Commission, which also maintains most of 
the major parks in Ottawa, administers these areas, 
although some of the ski areas are privately owned. 


Probably the best .downhill skiing is at Mont St. 
Marie, while the best cross-country is at Camp For- 
tune, the latter being but 30 minutes from downtown 

Boats can be rented along the Ottawa River at the 
Britannia Yacht Club. Sailing, wind-surfing and 
motorboats are available for rental. 

If you're feeling more adventurous you can also go 
white-water rafting along the more treacherous parts 
of the Ottawa River. Several excursions are offered, 
and range from day trips to over-nighters. 

Ottawa also has more than its share of museums— 
everything from the push-buttony Museum of 
Science and Technology on St. Laurent Boulevard 
(about five minutes south of the Queensway) to the 
historical Museum of Man on Metcalfe, just a block 
north of the Queenway. 

The Bytown Museum named after Colonel By, the 
builder of the Canal, also has some interesting ar- 
tifacts with a more local flavour. The National 
Gallery always has a couple of exhibitions dealing 
with art of various sorts. 

When Parliament is in session, it becomes one of 
the greatest sources of entertainment in Ottawa. If 
you plan to attend ask your federal MP for a pass to 
ensure a good seal. The best time to go is during 
Question Period, in mid-afternoon. 

To the west of Parliament Hill lies the Supreme 
Court of Canada. Visitors arc allowed, but the 
gallery is quite small and holds only a few people. 

To the west of the Supreme Court is the National 
Archives Building. Anyone is permitted use of the 
facilities, but no books may be removed from the 
building. The library there contains thousands upon 
thousands of books, and you can find information 
on almost any subject. 

To the east of Parliament Hill are the Rideau 
Locks and beside these the famous Château Laurier. 

Further east, along Rideau Avenue, the new 
Rideau Centre is nearing completion. When finished 
it will contain a gigantic shopping area, restaurants 
and a new convention centre. 

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Come \o NewYork 
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Going with us means you'll get where you're going 
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For information call: Voyageur Terminal 

505 boul. de Maisonneuve East. Montreal H2L 1Y4 



Let Us Now Praise Two Wheels 


the velo i 


While thousands of undergraduates, grad 
students and profs sleep, the daily rite of 
commuting to campus is transformed into 
low farce by a confederacy of dunces. 
Ghetto developers, Jacques Parizeau and the 
MUCTC — on the surface the most incompatible of 
trios — have been working arm-in-arm and hand- 
over-fist for the last few years to make commuting as 
costly, time-consuming and inconvenient as possible 
for the denizens of this "commuter university." 

Thus the commuter's dilemma: how best, cheapest 
and fastest to greet the McGilJ morning? 

With Ghetto residents being displaced by 
developers' overpriced condos and the outrageous 
rents of the existing housing stock, many erstwhile 
ghetto dwellers are now living further east or in the 
Plateau Mont Royal distria. What used to be a 
leisurely stroll to McGill is now a brisk walk or a 
1 5-minute bus ride — a round trip worth $ 1 .50 a day, 
when the buses are running. 

Meanwhile, our corpulent finance minister has 
made the car a plaything of the rich, with his taxes 
pushing gas to over 50 cents a liter. 

And, finally, we come to the travesty that is the 
MUCTC. No matter which side you are on in the an- 
nual intra-mural transit war the fact remains that 
union-management relations at the transit commis- 
sion have been permanently poisoned and commuters 
will have to suffer through their spats. At this 
writing, h appears that the buses and metro may be 
off in September. 

Why, even if the buses were guaranteed to run, the 
fares are prohibitive, and the metro extension, while 
bringing service to the suburbs, hasn't speeded up 
service. On one of the major routes, the old 65, it has 
actually slowed down. 

Again the predicament: how best to greet the 
McGill morning? There are always the two legs 
beneath you. Or better, you could do what students 
the world over have done for generations — bike to 

The benefits of the bike are flagrantly obvious: 
bikes are cheap, as rapid as rapid transit, they're en- 
vironmental darlings, and, damn it, they just feel 
good and they're good for you. And, best of all, 
McGill is easily accessible by Sherbrooke St., a 
relentlessly flat artery that funnels cyclists from east 
and west into the Roddick Gates. 

What follows can be subtitled, "Let Us Now 
Praise Two Wheels," as the Handbook presents the 
essentials for McGûTs burgeoning legion of cyclists: 
some rules of the road, the coming vdorevolution, 
where to purchase your bike, suggested day-long or 

weekend low rent outings, and bicycle maintenance. 

Cycling in Montréal is not without its perils. 
Potholes dot the streets, most noticeably in the mon- 
ths after the spring thaw, and Montreal drivers are 
not known for their courtesy to bicyclists, let alone to 
each other. 

Rales for the initiate 

One must be skilled in the tricks of urban survival 
to avoid becoming the new hood ornament on a 
Purolator delivery van. Herewith the Handbook of- 
fers some rules of Montreal's highways and byways 
to cyclists: 

• Don't bring fancy bikes to school. In addition to 
having your wheels destroyed by poor roads, nice 
bikes, like the opponents of Latin American juntas 
have a habit of disappearing. So do unlocked pumps' 
wheels, saddlebags, and anything else which can be 
removed from a stationary bike. It is best to ride a 
mechanically sound but decrepit-looking bike. You 
may not win style points for fancy paraphernalia, but 
you also won't be greeted by a broken lock King 
where your prized possesion had been. 

• Always lock up your bicycle. Sounds like pretty 
mundane advice, but many an unfortunate cyclist 
have decided that locking up is just too much effort 
for such a brief trip. 

"I just ran into the dépanneur to pick up some 
beer," is a tragically familiar excuse. It is best to buy 
a Citadel or Kryptonite solid metal lock. They cost an 

arm and a leg and weigh a ton, but they do dew 
would be bike thieves. Almost any other lock can be 
clipped in a matter of seconds. 

• Avoid cycling up Park Avenue. Drivers on this 
street behave like kamikaze pilots. Park is probably 
the most dangerous street in the city; cars weave in 
and out of traffic at speeds normally achieved during 
NASCAR time trials. 

• Carry your belongings either in a backpack or 
secured to a bicycle rack. It's tough enough 
manoeuvering through the maze of traffic without 
worrying about packages in your hands. 

• It isn't enough to make sure you can be seen after 
dark. Yes, you should have front, rear and side 
reflectors, wear light colored clothing, perhaps even 
purchase a nite-glo flourescent vest (around 520), 
and wear a helmet. But best precaution for night 
nding is to drive very carefully. 

Bikes move much faster than pedestrians, making 
cyclists easier targets for cars: drivers cannot react in 
time to a bike which emerges from a darkened street 
into a lit one. With the exception of main 
thoroughfares, Montréal streets are almost pitch 
black at night. It's best to chance the major arteries 
after dark (Sherbrooke and St. Laurent) than to try 
your luck elsewhere. Be extra aware of potholes at 
night: without a sun to provide the shadows which 
enable us to distinguish potholes during the day, 
craters can suddenly appear beneath your wheels at 

• Be prepared for cold weather by packing a hat and 
gloves. In fact, wear a bicycle helmet. It will shield 


Let Us Now Praise Two Wheels 

McGill University, for its part, has done little to 
make cyclists welcome. With the exception of the 
iron railings on the Penfield side of Chancellor Day 
Hall and Stewart Bio, the rails along the promenade 
and on the McTavish side of Redpath Library, and 
the railing outside the lobby of the Leacock Building, 
there are few secure places on campus McGill lo lock 
up a bicycle. Take nothing for granted when you lock 
up your bike: One Handbook staffer had the 
handlebars, brakes, and front forks of a borrowed 
Torpado absconded with on a sunny Thursday after- 
noon between the hours of 3:00 and 3:30 as it was 
locked on the railing on the McTavish side of Red- 

"McGill University, for its 
part, has done little to 
make cyclists welcome." 

you from the elements and might even save your life. 
Bicycling in cold weather is not much different from 
cross-country skiing. By wearing wool socks, layered 
sweaters, gloves, a windbreaker and a hat, it is possi- 
ble to keep riding until the first serious snowfall. 

The Born-Agaln Cyclist 

After a week of varied cycling in and around Mon- 
tréal, most cyclists inevitably come around to the 
position that the city is not especially hospitable to 
bikes. The potholes, the hell-bent-for-homicide 
drivers of Montréal, car exhausts, bike paths better 
suited for country jaunts than for rides to midtown, 
bridges which don't allow jumping, dogs, and bikes: 
Who will put forward cyclists' grievances with the ci- 

For those born again bicyclists wishing to bring 
forth the cause of cycling lo the uninitiated, Mon- 
tréal boasts Le Monde à Bicyclette (Citizens on 
Cycles), a lively and entertaining cyclists' rights lob- 
by cum vclorevolutionaries. 

Working out of a warren of cluttered offices 
located in a crumbling storefront at 4224 Clark (Tel. 
844-2713), the "bikesheviks" have lobbied for public 
bicycle racks and paths and access to bridges and the 

Metro. . ,. , 

Le Monde is also the publisher of the cyclist's reac- 
tionary tract for the times, vers une ville nouvelle, an 
irregular newspaper which contains such features as 
"Cycling without sweat," "Des vélos et des 
femmes," and "Vdopoctry." 

"We work to realize the potential of the bicycle as 
a means of transport," rattles off Le Monde's Public 
Relations Director, the inimitable Robert "Bicycle 
Bob" Silverman. 

In most other progressive dties of the world, Le 
Monde's work would be redundant. Yet in their ef- 
forts to improve the cyclist's lot in Montréal, Le 
Monde members have appeared countless times in 
municipal court. Just this past spring, Silverman and 
Le Monde member Scott Wdnstein chose eight days 
in Bordeaux jail over paying a court-levied fine for 
painting an improvised bike path. 

Even though Québecers own the most bikes per 
capita than the people of any other province, there 
are few accomodations made for bikers in Montréal. 
After much foot dragging by City Hall in allowing 
bicycles on m.etros and creating new bike paths, Le 
Monde has made some headway. 

Cyclists can now take their bikes on the Metro on 
weekends and holidays, provided they purchase a 
special pass and are 18 years of age or older. Younger 
cyclists must be accompanied by a permit-holding 
adult and groups of cyclists must be no larger than 
four. Finally, only four bikes are allowed on the last 
car of the yain at one time. You can submit to all this 
and more for only $5.00 at the Bcrri-dc-Montigny 
metro station. 

The metro permit experiment will last until the end 
of 1982, at which point its success will be evaluated 
by the MUCTC. Given MUCTC chairman Lawrence 
Hanigan's antipathy towards the bike, the renewal of 
the metro pass is not a given. 

While the chances of finding your bike stripped 
and up on blocks when you leave your 3:00 class are 
not better than 50-50, the University might do its 
students a service by installing theft-proof bicycle 
racks, or any racks at all at key points on campus. 
The Université de Montréal and the Université de 
Québec à Montréal have already installed theft-proof 
J bike racks (for about 50 bikes each) while Concordia 
§ has bike racks outside the Hall building. 
J According to Chuck Adlcr, McGill Physical Plan- 
ning Assitant, "They (bike racks) were discussed a 
■o long time ago without much being done. I'm not 
J aware of any plans for them at present. I would say 
' ' that the Students' Society and students who are in- 
terested should speak to the student representatives 
on the Senate Development Committee." 


Keeping the bike in shape 

Convinced that cycling is the only way to get 
around town, but still wondering where you can get a 
set of wheels? Never fear. The Handbook has sent 
out a team of researchers to hunt down the best bike 
stores in town. 

High up on the list for anyone with a limited 
budget is Le Marché des Bicyclettes, a small shop'at 
1270 Van Home in the heart of Outremont. Bob and 
the boys run Le Marché, a store which sells only 
reconditioned used bicycles. A second hand ten- 
speed will probably set you back about $80, which is 
peanuts when you consider the going rate of over 
$175 for anything over 26 inches high with wheels. 
Since the store is continually short of merchandise, 
Bob recommends coming in and putting down a 
deposit towards the first good bike to come into the 

Louis Quilicotal 1749 St. Denis is practically a 
Montreal institution. Specializing in volume sales of 
ten-speed bikes, the store offers cyclists a wide choice 
of models to choose from, as well as a very large 
parts and accessory department. 

ABC Cycle and Sport, at 5584 Park and Peel Cycle 
at 1832 St. Catherine are two stores worth checking 
out. Peel tends to be a trifle pricy, but it has the 
largest selection of spare parts and accessories in 
town. ABC, though an excellent store, only services 
bicycles bought from them. Note that Peel Cycle will 




Let Us Now Praise Two Wheels 

continued from previous page 

be moving to 6665 rue St- Jacques, west of Caven- 
dish, Tel. 486-1148. 

You can get your bikes serviced at Rachel Bicycle 
Repair, better known as Jimmy's, tucked away at 72 
Rachel Street East, Tel: 843-6989. Jimmy does 
repairs and only repairs. The unanimous chioce of 
center city cyclists. 

Where to Bike 
When you want a little more than an acrid ride 

"-bike paths have been 
designed for recreation 
and not day-today utility." 

downtown or a hop to the dépanneur, when you want 
to air out the legs, follow us. Given the delicious 
varieties of climate up here, rides are qualified as ear- 
ly fall, late fall, spring and summer. Most bike paths 
on the island, however, are serviceable all year round 
(except deepest winter) and they make for good 
riding anytime. (For a map of Montreal's bike paths, 
go to the Montréal Urban Community in City Hall 
offices on Gilford St. in Old Montréal.) 

As mentioned earlier, bike paths have been design- 
ed for recreation and not day-to-day utility. Excep- 
tions which come to mind are the de.Maisonneuve 
path, between Addington and Coronation, through 
NDG in the west end, and the Rachel path out to the 
Olympic stadium in the east end — both run parallel 
to Sherbrooke. 

The Rachel path, which you can pick up just after 
Pare Lafontaine at Papineau, ends at Parc Maison- 
neuve (across the street from the Big O). The three 
kilometers of sometimes rolling, often narcotizing 
bike path through the park, laid down on a former 
municipal golf course, was the best thing to come out 
of the construction of the Olympic Village. The 
young folk careening around every comer make for 
foul conversation and the lone men who occasionally 
"cruise" Maisonneuve may remind you of lone men 
who do similar things in downtown bars. Still, you 
can picnic in open spaces over 200 yards off the path 
so privacy is not hard to come by. 

When you grow weary of the bike scene you can 
lock up the wheels and walk over to the Botanical 
Gardens for some aesthetic floral stimulation. If 
you're a west-end type this is a marvelous, if occa- 
sionally gritty trip — the east end of Montréal will 
show you the real city, the people who vote for 
Mayor Drapeau. 

Closer to McGill is the path around Mont Royal, 
which also doubles as a jogging and dog walking 
path. Blazed in levels through the trees on the south 
side of the mountain, you can enter this path as it 
rises towards Mont Royal in front of the Mclntyre 
Medical building on Pine. Avoid lunch hour and din- 
nertime as the path is crowded with runners. Other 
than those times, watch out for dogs off their 
leashes, and slipping and sliding on the sandy track. 
Pare Mont Royal, a/k/a Beaver Lake, is safe any 
time of day or night. 

The utility of a ride along the Lachine 
Canal/Parks Canada/ Historical Site path can be 
measured in the time it takes to convey you to 
Lakeshore Road just outside Lachine. (Note that 
Lakeshore is a continuation of Lachine's Boul. St- 
Joseph and it turns into Beaconsfield Rd. once you 
hit that suburb.) 

While the Canal may be of interest to maritimers 
and Meccano enthusiasts, the bike path along it is the 
prelude to a journey chock full of Lac St-Louis, 
cocktails, cows, alluring estates, yacht clubs and even 
the udder campus — MacDonald College in Sainte- 
Anne de Bellevue. If you wish this can be the start of 
a Tour de l'Isle, a trip around the perimeter of the 
island of Montréal. Or, you can settle for a ride 
around half the island by riding out as far as He 
Bizard and turning back. 

The fun starts in Point St-Charles at des Seigneurs 
and William Sts. where you cross the canal (the 
bridge is on des Seigneurs) and pick up the path. Of 
course, you can pick up the path wherever you can 
traverse the canal, with pontoons or otherwise. Just 
keep going west. 

After about 30 minutes of riding you should see 
Lac Saint Louis and Saint-Joseph will turn into 
Lakeshore Road, which you will follow all the way 
through Dorval, Pointe Claire, Beaconsfield, Baie 
d'Urfe and Kirkland, out to Saintc-A de B. At this 
point you're laughing. With Lakeshore Road as your 
guide, the ride is a fairly flat one, the roads are good, 
and the traffic is light. 

Once you reach Sainte-Annc, you can picnic in a 
park on the lake just before MacDonald campus. The 
Lakeshore, although ideally suited for a bike path, 
does not have one. 

Senneville, about 30 minutes after Sainte-A, is 
pure farmland, estates, and yacht clubs, only 20 
miles from downtown by car. After Lakeshore Road 
rouns the westrcn tip of the island, it turns into Sen- 
neville Rd. and then Gouin Blvd., the major 
thoroughfare on the north island. 

Ed.note: If you decide to turn back at He Bizard, 
you may find yourself getting a tad thirsty when you 
reach Pointe Claire. If it's a hot, tumid day, a 
stopover at the Edgewater Hotel for afternoon 
potables. The pool scene is not to be believed — not 
even tolerated. Seeing all that cultural baggage open- 

The cycling after Pointe- 
auX'Trembies is vaguely 
reminiscient of a drive on 
A95 in New Jersey" 

ed before your eyes — ah, it's soooo west island it 

On the road again, continue east on Gouin and 
you'll arrive at the Bois-de-Saraguay bike path, 
another soothing ride — you'll feel transported miles 
away from your overdue term paper. 

The route is straightforward from here — just 
follow the water and don't cross any bridges. The 
cycling after Pointe-Aux-Trembles (the eastern-most 
tip of the island) is vaguely reminiscent of a drive on 
1-95 in New Jersey. The Shell, Esso, Petro-Can, and 
other refineries are close enough to smell. 

If you're feeling adventurous, a weekend ride 
through the Eastern Townships, Vermont, or Nor- 
thern New Hampshire during peak foliage season is 
the perfect tonic for fall mid-terms. The best 
weekend for color is usually the first weekend in Oc- 
tober, the weekend before Canadian Thanksgiving 
and American Columbus Day. If you can, it is ad- 
visable to get your bike into northern Vermont or 
northern New Hampshire, rather than riding all the 
way from Montréal — the ride is too time consum- 
ing, it's fairly fiat and it offers few visual treats. 

In Vermont a good point of departure is Enosburg 
Falls. From here you can take Route 108 down to 
Stowe or Smuggler's Notch — the Notch is spec- 
tacular in fall; leaves begin to change by Labor Day. 
The ride is demanding as you go through the Notch 
but the reward is a ski dorm on the Stowe side of the 

Notch in which you can camp over- 
night. If you get the urge, the Long 
Trail, an offshoot of the Appalachian 
Trail system which extends from 
Georgia to to the Canadian border, is 
virtually at your doorstep and offers 
great hiking. For maps, dorm info, and 
other stuff, see the Vermont tourist in- 
formation center on Peel between 
Sherbrooke and de Maisonneuve. They 
also keep charts indicating the percen- 
tage of color in northern, central, and 
southern Vermont. 

As for New Hampshire, a ride starting 
at Dixville Notch in the northwest cor- 
ner of the state and ending down at 
Franconia Notch and the White Moun- 
tain National Forest can't go wrong. 
You can camp anywhere in the White 
Mountain National Forest, or you can 
enter at Franconia, pay a few dollars 
and get a camping site. Franconia is 
also a stop on the Appalachian Trail. 
For more info on Francinia and Nor- 
thern New England, go to the Vermont 

Some bicycle stores have weekend 
tour groups (for a small fee) and may 
know of other bike touring groups. 
The Peel Cycle Center comes to mind 
in this respect. There is also a group 
called the Vermont Country Cyclers 
that offers sumptuous bed and 
breakfast and jacuzzi tours for sump- 
tuous prices. You can get their 
brouchure at the Vermont center. 

—Stewart Freed, Clint Hardware 
and Scooter Resnik 

1270 Van Home, Outremont 




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LrrraATURE and test reports 



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Address , 

Province ; Postal Code 


Let Us Now Praise Two Wheels 

Here wc offer a few basic tips on how to keep 
your bike in shape and how to deal with the 
most common of bike ailments. Limited as 
wc are by the written word, we hope the ac- 
companying photos will enhance the narrative. Note 
the arrows, but if you are still lost, poke around your 
machine very carefully. The bike will unfold as it 

Most bike repairs can be effected with the proper 
parts in the comfort of your home; for more in-depth 
care, however, don't be afraid to consult a bike doc- 

CHAIN: After an exciting ride through the rain, 
don't forget to oil your chain the following morning. 
Water tends to dry a chain out rapidly, make it stiff, 
brittle and unyielding. A handy oil to keep around 
for chains and other well-used points is the 3 in 1 
brand all-purpose variety. One brand marketed as 
WD40 doesn't last very long. 

If your chain is rusted after a long layaway, soak it 
overnight in varsol and then oil it in the morning or 
soak it in car oil and rap the chain in a rag to draw 
off excess oil. It should be as good as new. 

If you decide to replace a chain yourself, 
remember that most new chains have 166 links, 
which is about 56 links too many for most bicycles. 
This may lead you to wonder why your chain sags 
like a bad facelift. For proper chain tension, 
eliminate the excess links (until you are down to 110 
links), put the chain on, and check that the rear 
dérailleur is able to slacken the chain. 

WHEELS & TIRES: A wheel with even a small 
"wow" in it (similar to the shape of a warped record) 
can give you an uneven ride. To eliminate the wow, 
that is to true the wheel, spin the wheel to find the 
warped point (it may rub against the brakes or the 
lower rear forks). Take your spoke wrench in hand 
and slowly tighten the spokes which are on the op- 
posite side to where the wheel is wowing. 

You can also loosen the spokes on the wowing 
side. Ideally, you should do a little of both. As you 
do this, turn the wheel slowly to make sure it is 
straightening. Note that bike wheels have the same 
number of spokes on both sides; the effect of increas- 
ing or decreasing tension on spokes should be ob- 

Wheels which are wowing as a result of a dented 
rim require more care than we can describe here. 

Most biking nightmares return to one common 
episode: blowing a tire while sprinting downhill. 
Before tackling the medical complications, let's talk 
about the contusions and lacerations suffered by the 
tire. We'll use the rear tire as an example since it is by 
far the more difficult tire to remove, let alone repair. 
Above all, you'll have to rely on your patience. 

The first trick is to move your shift lever forward 
to make sure the chain moves to the last gear (the 
sprockets farthest from the wheel — See photo 1). 
This is a farsightcd move to make replacing the wheel 
easier later on. Loosen the regular nuts, butterfly 
nuts or whatever keeps your wheel in position. Grab 
the dérailleur, pull back and lift it, and the wheel 
should fall out. If it needs some coaxing, do it slowly, 
making sure you don't take the chain off with the 

Once the wheel is off you can gently rest the bike 
on the dérailleur, although it would be best to work 
on the bike as it is held aloft by vise grips on a 

The key tool now, as we prepare to take the tire 
off, is a tire lever. This is a pieces of metal, about a 
half-inch wide and six inches long, bent slightly 
about a half-inch from its blunt tip. Once all the air is 
out of your tire, the tire lever will aid you in freeing 
the tire from the rim. Do not use a screwdriver, pliers 

Let Us Now 
Repair Those 
Two Wheels 

This Handbook feature is brought to you with the 
assistance of the people at Ecosense, an NDG based 
group that stands for its name. 

or any instrument with a sharp tip to perform this 
task; it may puncture your inner tube more severely 
than the original puncture. If you have to rough it, 
use a spoon or even a housekey. 

Now take the tire lever and begin removing one 
side of the tire from the rim, slowly and carefully. Do 
not start near the tire valve. Do not take the tire com- 
pletely off the rim. Once the inner tube is exposed, 
reach in and pull it out, again starting away from the 

Put some air in the tube and listen for the sound of 
air escaping. You can put a little gob (no one said this 
was going to be decorous) or water over the suspected 
hole and watch for bubbles. ✓ After you've done 
this, check the tire to see what made the hole — the 
offending particle may still be lodged in the tire, leav- 
ing you exposed to another blowout once' your tire is 
patched up and you resume riding. Remove the tran- 
sgressor at once. 

Now for the patching up. Make sure that the area 
around the puncture in the inner tube is clean and 
free of dust. Dab some glue on the hole and some 
glue on the patch and wait until the glue turns white 
(about two minutes). At this point apply the patch to 
the hole and stand on it for three to four minutes. 

Don't be a smartass and test the patch while the inner 
tube is out of the tire. Without the tire to press 
against, the tube will probably blow up in your face 
ha ha ha. 

Replace the tube on the inside of the rim, starting 
at the valve this time. Tuck the tube in with your 
fingers. Notice the spokes which protrude through 
the center of the rim — make sure they are covered 
by the rubber strip which is there to perform that job. 
Starting at the valve again, tuck in the tire. If you can 
replace the tube and tire with your hands that's all to 
the better; it may get difficult at the end. 

To replace the rear wheel repeat the same steps as 
when you took it off, except backwards. Put the 
chain on the last sprockets, center the wheel between 
the forks and insert it into the rear grooves. It doesn't 
have to go all the way into the grooves, just so long as 
it's not at the edge and ready to fall out. w Check 
that the wheel is equally far into the grooves on both 
sides. If it isn't you may suffer wheel rub, a distant 
relative of crotch rub and just as annoying. 

Of course you can fill up the tire just before you 
replace it. For most bike tires 60 lbs. of pressure is 
just right, although alloy rims (a dull grey color) can 
handle tires with 100 lbs. pressure. Harder tires will 
enable you to scud along easily and while they pass 
on the shock of every bump to the rider, they reduce 
the chances of bending a rim and blowing a tire over 
a sharp object. 

A key assumption in all of the above is that you 
will have a bike pump and a patch kit at hand if and 
when your tire goes. Especially if you are off for a 
ride in the country. All of the above is dog poop, 
however, in the unlikely event that your tire valve 
breaks and you have no spare valves at hand. Find a 

GEARS & SPROCKETS: The bane of most 
bicyclists' existence — the gears don't shift properly, 
they're locked when you're climbing uphill, the chain 
falls off when you shift from high to low ratios and 

Gears are a tricky mechanism to fool around with 
but there are a few tips on how to tune them. Both 


Let Us Now Praise Two Wheels 

the front and rear dérailleurs move in and out. Both 
dérailleurs have screws in them which impede move- 
ment in and out (sec photos 2 & 3). The two screws in 
each dérailleur should be clearly marked on most 
bikes as either "H" (high gear or sprocket closest to 
the wheel) or "L" (low gear or sprocket farthest 
from wheel). If these screws are not set properly it 
may account for the uneven response you're getting 
from your gears. 

To play with the gears, elevate your rear wheel and 
turn the screws to regulate chain movement. Move 
from high to low and low to high. With careful work 
you should be able to tune the bike. 

All this presumes that there is nothing else wrong 
with the gears, such as a) your right shift lever is 

loose (tighten it), b) your chain is not bending and 
not fitting into the rear dérailleur because it is too dry 
(oil it) or c) your gear cables may be stretched from 
age or wear (replace them). 

There used to be a rule around that one shouldn't 
ride in fifth or sixth gears because they palce to much 
wear on the chain. In this day and age of enlightened 
bike engineering, that rule is scoffed at. However, if 
your bike is over four years old, chances are that 
your chain is running on a curve in fifth and sixth 
gear and is dying a slow death. 

BRAKES: Squeaky brakes arc another pet peeve. 
Generally, if your brakes squeak it is the result of 
drag on the brake shoes when you apply the brakes. 
To eliminate this, adjust your brake shoes so that 
they point in at the rim, towards the front of the 
bike. With a wrench, grab the brake arms and turn 
them in. The idea here is that the front of the brake 
pads should touch the rim first. 

As with the gears, poor brake response may result 
from stretched or worn brake cables — replace them. 

To adjust the older center pull brakes, tighten or 
loosen the screw located at the juncture of the cables 
which extend to either side of the rim (see photo 4). 
This is also a point that could stand some oiling when 
you go after the chain. 

For the newer side pull brakes, find the screw at 
the side and tighten or loosen it accordingly. 

Part of your yearly maintenance should be check- 
ing both the brake and gear cables for wear and fray- 

• SEAT & FRAME SIZE: To find the proper scat 
height, get on the seat, put your heels on the pedals 
c and pedal backwards. At the bottom of the circle 
I your leg should be straight, roughly perpendicular to 
° the ground. Another reminder about keeping your 
< arms bent while riding. To prevent "road shock," 
ci loosen the scat and move it backward or forward, 
I getting as close to the handlebars as you need be to 
I achieve the desired riding position, 
m When it comes to chosing the scat, shun the plastic 

and vinyl variety. They don't breathe at all, give you 
sweaty bums, and in certain individuals can be the 
causes of pianful chafing. The word on seats is "seek 
leather." The old standby Brooks leather scat is too 
heavy for most racing bikes. A more popular brand is 
the Avocet seat, a leather model which in time will 
mold to the unique shape of your scat and provide 
hours of chafe-free enjoyment. 

As for frame size, stand flat-footed straddling the 
center bar. The correct frame size should leave about 
one inch and a half between the bar and your crotch. 
Of course some people, for reasons known best to 
them, prefer big bikes — in a manner akin to the 
North American "big car syndrome" of the late six- 
ties and early seventies. 

And some words in favour of toe clips on pedals. 
While they may create a feeling of static paranoia in 
the rider, toe clips are an important acccsory. The 
primary cause of accidents is the rider's feet dislodg- 
ing from the pedals, a loss of balance, a loss of con- 
trol, a loss of blood. While your feet may appear to 
be held hostage by the notorious "rat traps" you'll 
be amazed at how rapidly you adapt to them, and at 
how rapidly your feet will extricate themselves at a 
stop sign — unless you have mastered the racer's 
edge of holding still at a stoplight, with both feet in 
the toe clips. 

• HANDY TOOLS: If you're riding any distance 
over five miles, it's a good idea to keep these tools on 
your bike: a small adjustable wrench, a screwdriver 
with interchangeable bits in the handle, tire levers, a 
patch kit, and as options, on longer trips, you should 
take along spare wires, and a spare tire and inner 

• IN CLOSING: The crucial period for yearly bike 
maintenance, given these inhospitable northern 
climes, is when it's not much fun to ride anymore. At 
this time, October, Novemebcr, go over the movable 
parts with a new coat of grease or oil, clean the cables 
or change them, and keep the bike stored in a dry- 
place. □ 



6665 ST. JAMES W. 



'ft "■■ V 


u> DID P0R1 

Ruf n Flavoun^ Vw^ dipped 



Ligne cr.c up for a chari 

Préparez-vous pour l'hiver 

Arborez fièrement une de ces 
tuques tricotées à la main aux in- 
nombrables combinaisons de 
coloris et de tricots et dont 
chaque pièce est unique au 
monde. Pas de pompon inutile 
mais plutôt une coupe qui couvre 
bien les oreilles et un cordon 
pour tenir le tout bien en place. Et 
si vous tenez à le savoir, elles 
sont faites de laine vierge de 
moutons merinos espagnols. 

Vivez sous la chaleur des tropi- 
ques même pendant les pires 
tempêtes de neige grâce à ce 
merveilleux vêtement que sont 
les doudounes. Nos modèles un 
peu plus modernes que ceux des 
chinois qui les ont inventées bien 
avant le Christ, vous tiendront au 
chaud même par des tempéra- 
tures de -40°C. Pour vous, nous 
avons méticuleusement sélec- 
tionné notre collection à partir de 
modèles provenant de plus de 50 
compagnies pour n'en garder 
que la crème. 

Alliez la résistance au confort 
avec les knickers Kanuk fabri- 
qués de 60/40 et de fibre élas- 
tique Lycra. Vous combattrez 
aussi les bas ravalés grâce aux' 
petits bouts de Velcro à l'intérieur 
du knicker qui aggrippent les bas 
au niveau du genou. 

Protégez vos pieds du froid sibé- 
rien de janvier et du gros sel 
mouillé de mars avec nos hyper- 
guêtre Kanuk. Faits de néoprène 
et de Gore Tex, vous ne risquez 
plus de vous geler les pieds. 

Pour plus d'information 



Code postal 

Choisissez parmi notre vaste 
choix d'anorak en 60/40, en 
Gore-Tex, en 66/34, en Bukflex, 
en nylon (et j'en passe) disponi- 
bles en rouge, bleu, vert, beige 
ou rose à pois jaune. Faites-nous 
confiance, nous vous aiderons à 
choisir l'anorak qui convient à 
l'activité que vous pratiquez. 

Enfilez la fameuse mitaine d'hiver 
Kanuk. Vous comprendrez pour- 
quoi l'astronaute Neil Armstrong 
en portait lors de ses premiers 
pas sur la lune! Ses matériaux 
modernes (Gore-Tex, neoprène, 
pastille d'adhérence, fourrure 
polaire) lui confèrent des qualités 
inimitées. Une fermeture zippée 
vous permet de sortir rapidement les doigts pour prendre une 
photo ou vous moucher. Un article d'une grande technicité 
pour l'escalade de glace et le camping d'hiver. 

Revivez en rêve ou en réalité les 
péripécies d'un groupe de cam- 
peurs d'hiver qui relia en 1980 
Montréal- Fort-Chimo en ski de 
randonnée 4 mois dans la neige, 
le froid et les pires conditions 
météorologiques. Leur sac de 
couchage était le Kanuk Expédi- 
tion. Nous avons mis la main sur 
des modèles '81 et nous vous l'of- 
frons à 30% de réduction. Il se 
pourrait même que nous ayons encore quelquesTsé-Tsé1981- 
82 (le modèle 3 saisons de Kanuk) à des conditions sembla- 

Protégez vos chevilles grâce aux 
nouvelles fixations de ski de fond 
de sécurité. Les casse-cou, lors 
de vos chutes spectaculaires, ne 
craignez plus les dommages per- 
manents, la fixation sécuritaire 
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14 The- McGiH DaHy « Wednesday, September 15. 1982 




"SET, kids.' - 


~ ...PART 
- ONE 




ON SEPTEMBER 8, 1971, 

B B ■ B H H H 




TJ — HT 




•.-V:-'^;'r.'vx , ~-> 


Th» McGIII Dally 'Wednesday; SeptemberHS; 1982' 15- 

South African exile speaks 

by Julian Samuel 

The Daily recently interview- 
ed Jimal, a South African 
refugee who has been living in 
Canada for five of his ten years 
in exile. His name has been 
changed for this interview due 
to his unsettled status as a 
political refugee. With so many 
refugees in the news these days 
it is worthwhile to find out how in that I was forced 
one of them views his position cumstance to flee 

Jimal: Exile, yes... 
Dally: Is there a difference bet- 
ween the two? 

Jimal: There is a difference. A 
political refugee is someone 
who has had to flee the country 
because of his particular 
political activities. A political 
exile also could be a refugee. I 
am both a refugee and an exile 
by dr- 

and the country where • he 
presently resides. 
Dally: What Is the definition of 
a political refugee? 
Jimal: That's very difficult, 
because political refugees and 
thé legislations that govern 
them emerge from international 
lay which is somewhat vague, 
simply because the, entire pro- 
cess of the definitions have 
become questionable. The 
United Nations' Commission 
for refugees has set out a legal 
definition: someone who literal- 
ly has to flee from one's country 
because of political repression. 

But there are different kinds 
of refugees and so the definition 
is continually in flux, par- 
ticularly the legal definitions 
because some 'refugees escape 
from the country who have for 
example, collaborated with 
some foreign regime. When that 
is defeated then the individuals 
within that society fear reprisals 
for their collabration and conse- 
quently have to flee. The kind 
of status they receive in a coun- 
try to which they flee will very 
much depend on that country's 

For example, we have Viet- 
namese who arrived on the 
shores of Canada. They include 
people who escaped from Viet- 
nam simply because they col- 
laborated with the U.S. and 
feared the communist regime; 
others - who challenged the 
repressive nature of the com- 
munist regime, that their basic 
fundmental rights were 
abrogated. When they arrive in 
Canada both might be looked at 
equally as political refugees 
from the same country: even 
though they had different 
reasons for fleeing. 
Dally: . What sort of political 
refugee are you? Or political ex- 
He, you have often used that 

The circumstances were that 
either I would be imprisoned, 
tortured and then killed. I was 
hounded by the security police 
all the time. I was under house 
arrest before I left. So there is a 
difference whether you are a 
refugee or living in exile. 

Also there is another proposi- 
tion here and that is some of us 
want to go back to South Africa 
or back to China or back to 
Latin America although we 
become permanent citizens in 
the western world. 
Jimal: The desire to go back is 
absolutely phenomenal, because 
we are prevented from an in- 
tegral part of the society, 
because of white chauvinism. 
We refugees, particularly 
political refugees, I think, have 
made the foremost sacrifice in 
preserving those ideals which 
society values so much. It is 
people like us who want to bring 
about change in South Africa or 
in El Salvador or elsewhere so 
that brutality of everyday ex- 
istence — where rich countries 
are rich and poor countries arc 
poor — will not be an ongoing 

Daily:How do you relate with 
ordinary immigrants? 
Jimal:I am very interested in 
them but I am of no interest to 
them; they don't even know we 
exist. They have arrived on 
these shores as immigrants. As 
immigrants they want to better 
their condion t ions economically 
or otherwise and they have 
genunine reasons for beng here. 
Canada has had links in their 
country economically and they 

might even argue that Canada 

. ■ ... 

has been responsible for the 
underdevelopment of their 
respective contries. 
j Jlmai:I have nothing to say to 
(them — they are escaping 
poverty and rightly so. I 
myself would have been an im- 
migrant perhaps to some coun- 
try seeking better fortunes. 
Yet, when we talk about 
another sector of refugees we 
are talking about the people 
who collaborated i with the 
economic machinery and would 
help exploit their own people. 
Dally: :How do you relate to 
this last group of people? 
Jimal: :I have met them from 
time to time. They are an- 
tagonistic; they want to justify 
their racism — that blacks are 
incapable of running their own 

With a great deal of humility, 
I haven't got the time to talk to 
a bigot who has spent all his life 
trying to screw people, to make 
money and who is not able to 
understand the dynamics of 
society. I mean I'd like to talk 
to him but I have no intention 
raising political issues because 
that man's capacity to think has 
been stunted at such an early 

My doubts about what counts 
as civilization is daily question- 
ed. We are living in the dark 
ages, believing that we arc 

3: Freedom of speech.your 
students must ask why you 
aren't appreciative of the fact 
that you have freedom of 
speech here. You could hardly 
say the same sorts of things in 
South Africa. 

Jimal: In South Africa there is 
no freedom of speech. Of 
course that is a very serious pro- 
blem in any society, without it 
one is not in a position to ar- 
ticulate on problems. In the 
long run, it is not possible to 
change that society effectively. 
Dally: Isn't Canadian society a 
better society because it lets you 
speak out against the state? 
Jimal: I don't think people 


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should use the idea' freedom of 
speech in isolation. 'Freedom of 
speech' must be located within 
the political, economic and 
social entity of any country 
because freedom of speech is 
only important in so far as there 
is power attributed to it. 

In western democratic 
societies this idea is absolutely 
marginal. That is the power lies 
. with elites who constitute the 
legal world, with elites who con- 
stitute the social world and what 
have you — power groups, 
maybe some power with the 
trade unions, and various other 
pressure groups. 

For the ordinary person on 
the street freedom of speech is 
totally meaningless if that per- 
son cannot express political 
power. And as I see it in western 
industrial societies the working 
class people might not as well , 
have any freedom of speech. 
Dally: What does the Juture 
look like for an exile such as 

Jimal: Bleak, bleak, bleak! 
Dally: And how are you going 
to deal with this? 
Jimal: Well, it is extremely dif- 
ficult because conditions are 
changing all the time and there 

is very little you can do because 
academic institutions are the 
think-tanks for imperialism. 
They are tied with the kind of 
structuring of thinking. 
Dally: How ao you mean? 
Could you elaborate on that a 
little bit. 

Jimal: Firstly educational in- 
stitutions throughout the world 
are institutions that are set up, 
funded and organized by a 
government.' The government 
ideology determines the 
distribution of economics, the 
distribution of social power, the 
distribution of legal power. No 
institution can seriously" 
challenge the way that the na- 
tion thinks, I mean the elite of 
the nations think. The elite of 
the nations have to think as a 
group of institutions who have 
been set up as an organ of pro- 

For example, the interna- 
tional organizations: the United 
Nations, the World Bank, the 
I.M.F., the International Court 
at the Hague have a basis of 
western rationality and think- 
ing. This is constructed in the 
interest and 'benefit of the 
western nations not the rest of 
the world. 

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Solidarity: strategy for a grim future 

by Greg Teal 

Although the ruling ap- 
paratus in Poland seems deter- 
mined to use any means to 
safeguard its own interests in- 
cluding the systematic and 
violent repression of all forms 
of opposition, the' continuous 
demonstrations throughout 
Poland prove that the regime 
has not been able to "nor- 
malize" the situation. 

The question thus posed for 
Solidarity is: what strategy or 
strategies must be developed to 
unite the opposition and pro- 
vide it with the. force to con- 
front the apparatus? 

The question posed for 
Solidarity supporters in the 
West is how best to support the 
resistance and reorganization of 
Solidarity and its allies in 

In spite of the draconian 
measures of martial law, there 
are still hundreds of Solidarity 
newspapers and bulletins being 
produced underground whose 
pages are full of discussion and 
debate on strategic and tactical 
questions. It is, however, possi- 
ble to summarize and comment 
on some of the major positions. 

The most well-known is that 
of Jacek Kuron, leader of the 
KOR, the Committee for Social 
Self-Defense, who writes from 
the Bialoleka prison camp. 

"Society is at war. Those who 
declared war don't try" to 
mystify the situation and pre- 
tend this is not a war against 
society. Thanks to the extraor- 
dinary self-discipline of the peo- 
ple we avoided bloodshed. But 
now we have a classical occupa- 
tion with all its ingredients — 
censorship of mail, curfew, 
massive raids, house searches, 
arrests, military tribunals, and 
the attitude that society bears 
common responsibility for what 
particular people do." 

"The only language the 
authorities use when speaking 
to the nation is that of violence, 
threats, and despairing appeals 
for calm. What have they 
achieved and what might they 
achieve? The despair and hatred 
of all people;" 

Kuron accepts that only a 
broad-based and centrally 
organized resistance can change 
the current situation. However,' 
he believes the goal of this 
resistance is a compromise bet- 
ween the state and civil society. 

The problem with this posi- 
tion is that Kuron, along with 
many other leaders of the 
resistance, still believes that a 
more or less permanent com- 
promise with the bureaucracy is 
possible or even desirable. 

The facts alone show that the 
existing state power not only 
refuses to compromise, but is 
not even seeking a dialogue. 

As Adam Michnik, another 
KOR leader, wrote, "Solidar- 

■ m 

■ * • i J - 4 ; : ■ 

/. ' -IS'.: .■,»•• ' .• 

nose was a deadly threat to the 
ruling apparatus. It did away 
with the... principle that the 
Commuinist Party represents 
the working class." 

More than that, the rise of 
Solidarity deprived the 
bureaucratic apparatus . of all 
legitimacy. If an illegitimate 
regime can maintain itself in 
power only on the basis of 
repression, there can be no com- 
promise between society and the 

Kuron's documents have 
sparked a number of debates in 
Solidarity. One of the major 
points of discussion is the 
degree of centralization in the 
organized resistance. 

Before martial law Zbigniew 
Bujak was chairperson of the 
Warsaw regional committee of 
Solidamosc. Bujak does not 
question the KOR leader's call 
for compromise, but is opposed 
to centralization of the 

"I support a decidedly decen- 
tralized movement, adopting 
different methods . of action. 
Only suçh a diffused and varied 
movement will be elusive and 
difficult to suppress..." 

In the last few months there 
have been many letters and ar- 
ticles in the underground jour- 
nals that question both Kuron's 
call for compromise and 
Bujak's, for decentralization. 
All of the writers see that com- 
promise is sometimes necessary, 
and that resistance must take 

place on all levels, but they 
don't think emphasising these 
two is the best for Solidarity. 

In a letter to Opornik, one of 
the underground journals, a 
reader wrote, "There is nothing 
left for us but resistance, from 
passive resistance to armed 
struggle if necessary. All those 
who think that the Military 
Council for National Salvation 
(WRON) will agree to negotiate 
are naive, to say the least. For 
WRON, negotiating would spell 
death. This regime will defend 
itself against society in a 
truculent way,' resorting to 
every means, including waging a 
bodily war against the popula- 
tion. We can have no illusions 
about thatl The only realistic 
program for us is to organize 
for a confrontation that is in- 

The thrust of this and many 
other letters is that abstract calls 
for compromise misread the 
situation and leave Solidarity 
without a perspective for 
building an active resistance. 

Another letter objecting to 
compromise, in Tygonik Wo- 
jenny, the Warsaw region 
bulletin, complains "You seem 
to have forgotten that in order 
to negotiate a compromise, 
there has to be a certain margin 
for manoeuver, and that by 
retreating as much as you do, 
you deprive yourself of any 
possibility for manoeuvers or 

In Przetrwanie, another 
bulletin, a writer claims "There 

daily — JOY GARNETT 

is no one here that we can come 
to an understanding with. We 
have no other choice but intran- 
sigent civil resistance based on 
the solidarity of the society." 

Yet- another letter-writer 
notes: "The society is now 
fighting for survival, and a 
precondition for this — an 
essential one in my opinion — is 
a real economic reform, which 
is impossible without polidcal 
reform, and therefore without 
the demise of the Milifary 
Council of National 
Salvadon." ' 

Those who reject the sugges- 

tion of compromise unite 
behind another proposition: 
greater co-ordination. 

"A lot of energy and en- 
thusiasm are being 
wasted...because working in a 
dispersed way as we do we can- 
not act effectively. The only ef- 
fective means of rebuilding a 
real socialist network," the 
organisers insist, "and what 
. people are impatiently waiting 
for, is the subordination-of our 
actions to the union regional 

Militants also advocate other 
protest techniques besides 
demonstrations. They call for. 
coordination committees at the 
plant level, a more organized 
underground press, and active 
strikes as well as workers' 
guards. It is not apparent which 
will succeed, but Solidamosc is 
an incredibly creative organiza- 
tion. And it is likely that we will 
soon be seeing new and more 
powerful forms of resistance, 
particularly because continued 
repression and violence is the 
state's only apparent solution to 
the economic and political 

Here in the West progressives 
must be prepared to support the 
resistance and reorganization of 
the Polish people, not in the 
hypocritical and hollow mann- 
ner of Western leaders, but by 
militant solidarity with the 
Polish workers, women and 

A solidarity activity at McGill 
could involve mobilizing a cam- 
'paign in defense of the im- 
prisoned student leaders who 
are members of the outlawed in- 
dependent student union. Stu- 
dent unions here should be call- 
ed upon to elect Jaroslaw Guzy, 
President of the underground 
Polish student group, NZS, as 
their honorary president. 

Jaroslaw is being detained in 
the Bialoleka prison camp. 



Do you sing?... 
Play the guitar?... 
Juggle goldfish 
while standing on 
your head?... 
DRIVE 1982 . I 




392-8976 Ï 


I i .! P J P ^ IJI U J i y JMilPllini M !■ IL I FllilJUlJLjllUIW'llipillllllilBi ■■■■ im ■ ■ 

1 111 •' 

Northern Ireland 

What do the provos want? 

by Mary O'Neill. 

The name Sinn Fein 
goes far back in the history 
of the Irish national 
resistence movement. 
Literally, it translates as 
"ourselves". Although 
Sinn Fein is a legitimate 
political party operating in 
both Northern Ireland and 
the Irish Free State, its 
members are subject to 
frequent harrassment and 
persecution because of its 
alleged links with the Irish 
Republican Army. 

I spoke with Mr. Austin 
earlier this month at the Belfast 
Sinn Fein centre which lies in 
the heart of the notorious Fails 
Road district. The building 
itself is actually the shell of a 
burnt-out pub. The outside en- 
trance is barricaded and locked. 
A buzzer must be rung before 
entering so that visitors can be 
checked out by a sentry in the 
third floor window. Such 
precautions are necessary 
because most of those 
associated with the centre are 
targets for either the harrass- 
ment of the so-called "security 
forces"(police and British Ar- 
my), or the bullets of loyalist 

tions within the Republican 
movement itself. Mr. Austin 
spoke of the split within the 
IRA in 1969. There are now two 
factions within this organiza- 
tion alone: The "Officials" 
who reject violent struggle 
against the British presence are 
politically represented by Sinn 
Fein — The Workers' Party. 
The "Provisional" IRA are 
those most often in the news 
with their active paramilitary 
campaign. Their political 
spokesmen are the old Sinn 

Austln:"The Officials feel that 
the state can be reformed from 
within to such an extent that it 

Joe Austin Is chairperson of 
Belfast Sinn Fein; he also sits on 
the national executive of the 
Party. Last fall, Mr. Austin was 
the target of loyalist gunmen, 
members of the outlawed Ulster 
Volunteer Force, who awaited 
him In the back of a parked van 
along his usual route to the Sinn 
Fein center. He fortunately 
spotted his attackers as they 
were about to shoot and took 
refuge m a doorway. His walk-' 
' ig companion was shot dead In 
the Incident. 


Amidst a busy background 
(work was taking place on the 
Republican newspaper, An 
Phoblact, while downstairs 
workmen were pounding away 
with hammers) Mr. Austin 
spoke with me at length* about 
the Sinn Fein Party itself and 
the ongoing Republican struggle 
for liberation. 

. What often confuses out- 
siders most about the. 
"troubles" in Ireland is the ' 
great number of opposing fac- 

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will crumble. In tact though, 
the state becomes more 
repressive, in reaction to at- 
tempts to reform it. The cards 
are stacked.. .The pillars of this 
state are loyalist. What is need- 
ed then is a program of 'social 
agitation*. We have to make 
demands on the system. V 

D ally: Gnen that the. cards are 
stacked, that the British Army 
has overwhelming military 
strength and as you say, the 
"pillars" here are controlled by 
loyalist interests, what chance 
does a small organization like 
the IRA have of acnpzelng Its 

Austin:"Well... from a 
revolutionary point of view, the 

IRA should only be the public 
manifestation of general discon- 
tent. The main force has got to 
be popular support." 

Mr. Austin went on to 
describe how the ranks of the 
Republican movement were 
flooded after the reorganization 
in 1969: 

Austin:"But most of those 
who joined were not what you 
would call republican. A lot 
were just frightened Catholics. 
The feeling was that if you 
could get a gun, you could ac- 
tually get the Brits to leave." 

"But the reality of working 
with the Republican movement, 
for example selling An 
Phoblact, collecting for the 
Green Cross and so on, soon 
thinned the ranks. And perhaps 
that was fortunate in a way. The 
only common denominator was 
'anti-Brit* sentiment." 

"The problem with the.Irish 
struggle is that it has to be sus- 
tained over a long period of 
time. The IRA will not in the 
near future be able to drive the 
Brits into the sea...The trick is 
to transform their (the Irish 
people's) interest into political 

Daily://j recent years there has 
been talk of "Anglo-Irish 
Alliance" and I hear (hat the 
go vernment of the Free State is 
working out an arrangement 
with the British government for 
mutual extradition of prisoners. 
Is there a feeling of betrayal 
here by the South? 

Austin:" Certainly yes, by the 
government of the Free 


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Mr. Austin described the 
political set-up of the Free State 
as basically a two party struc- 
ture with Fine Gael and Fianna 
Fail being the predominant par- 

Austln:"Both of these parties 
were founded on acceptance of 
the 1921 settlement (the parti- 
tion of Ireland). So both 
acknowledge that the Brits have 
some role to play in Ireland. 
Both are conservative." 

"The Free State spends £100 
million a day on border defense. 
This is spent in a country where 
there is massive 

"They have betrayed the 1916 
proclamation, the first line of 
which states that the country of 
Ireland belongs to the people of 
Ireland. Well, we all know that 
the country of Ireland belongs 
to Germans, Americans and so 

• "The Republican movement, 
being a Republican movement, 
is a socialist movement and so is 
a threat to them;" 

DMyAnd the people of the 
Free State? 

Austin: "Support is there. 
Republicans in the South were 

hypnotized by events in the 
North (reference to last year's 
hunger strikes). People saw 
Sinn Fein as being a support 
group for the North:" 

/ questioned Mr. Austin also 
on the infamous Diplock courts 
which are notorious for their 
conviction of suspected "ter- 
Decisions are often 
made on the basis of the fllm- 


Tha McGIII Dally • Wednesday. September 15. 1982 19 

siest of evidence —for example, 
supposed "verbal" confessions 
made under "interrogation". 

Austln:"We see the Diplock 
courts as an extension of British 
oppression. They are headed by 
the Brits. There arc no juries. 
Judges are usually retired army 
officers. There is no question of 
impartiality; these people are 
politically motivated." 

"Supposively in a democratic 
country you have a right to be 
tried by your peers. Well, these 
are not the peers of anyone I 

He also emphasized that 
prison sentences for UDA or 
UVF (loyalist militia) members 
tend to be lighter, or ex- 
tenuating circumstances are 
often found for their actions. 
As for the "security forces": ' 
the RUV 

"No member 

(police) or Army has been 
found guilty of politically 
motivated or sectarian' crime 

The hottest current debate in 
Northern Ireland is the National 
Assembly proposal of direct- 
ruler, James Prior. His plan is 
for a "rolling devolution" 
scheme by which an elected 
assembly in Northern Ireland 
■ will be granted at first advisory 
status. The powers of the 
assembly will be either increased 
or rolled back according to pro- 
gress between the Republican 
and loyalist communities. 
• Both sides are so far sneering 
'at the proposals: The loyalists 
because they feel it gives too 
much to the nationalist minori- 
ty, and the Republicans because 
they see it as yet another British 
r opaganda tool. 

Austin:"The Brits want the 
Assembly in order to show the 
world a showcase of democratic - 
government in Northern Ireland 
which includes nationalist 
representation. In that assembly 
is a mechanism for tying Nor- 
thern Ireland into Britain." 

"The framework for the 
Assembly must be acceptable to 
Britain. It must strengthen the 
British position 
internationally... The Assembly 
is' a false projection interna- 
tionally, but it is also dangerous 
internally because it 
acknowledges a British position 
here.. .Our job is to see that that 
assembly doesn't work." 

The feeling within the na- 
tionalist movement is that the 
Austin:"If the SDLP runs, they 
will take their scats. So Sinn 
Fein will want to take as many 

"The feeling was that if you could get a gun you could 
actually get the Brits to leave. " 

best guarantor of the 
Assembly's failure is jion- 

Austin:"A total boycott would 
have been our most effective 

But developments, over the 
summer Indicate that at least 
one of the nationalist parties, 
the moderate SDLP (Social 
Democratic Labour Party) will 
be putting up candidates. This 
party is seen by the Republicans 
as compromising, essentially 
traitorous to the cause. So, it 
now appears that Sinn Fein at 
least will be running candidates 
in the Assembly elections but on 
an "abstentionist" platform — 
they will not participate in the 
Assembly if elected. Joe Austin 
is one of the proposed can- 
didates for Sinn Fein. 

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■SDLP seats as possible." 

But Mr. Austin does not see 
much hope for political in- 

Austln:"lt is in the British in- 
terest to depict Northern 
Ireland as a land where Catholic 
is fighting Protestant. The truth 
is that it is the British presence 
which is the source of the agita- 
tion... The long term solution 
lies with the British leaving." 

Dally/Ire you so sure that the 
British will leave? . 
Au st in: "The guarantee that will 
remove the Brits is the ongoing 
agitation against their presence, 
historically and presently." 
Dallyflw/ what of the two-thirds 
protestant majority here in Nor- 
thern Ireland? 

AustIn:"They are only a ma- 
jority within an artificially 
created state." 

Daily/5 that artificial state not a 
reality that must be lived with? ' 
Austin:"No. A state that has to 
engage in on-going discrimina- 
tion against a large portion of 
its population is already 







a discount shop on Mountain 
Fine handbags and boots for women 
at very affordable prices, 
(tote bags too!) 

2155 Rue de la Montagne 



Italian Cuisine 

An Evening to Remember 
at an affordable price 
(wine only $1.50 a bottle above QLC prices!) 
^r^^-STS^X r , B / ,nc l uet focilirics available 
. ^ — ^ 5:30 - 11:00 p.m., Mon. to Sat. 

3474 Park Ave., between Sherbrooke &. Milton 

********** ^A*****************************^*,^ 

* R/illT NIEE at * 



September 19, 9 p.m. 

• 1/2 price on drinks 

• $2 with McGIII I.D. 

• sponsored by O'Keefe 

• trophies, prizes 


For Information, call Wes at 989-9674 

20 The McGill Daily • Wednesday. September 15. 1982 

' C ' M ^' W 1:.™^K..- C »«»'^ -.AOVEKn.SnME.Vr- chabad house - aovfrt/sfmeve—, 



Welcome Back. It's that time of year again when students flock back to school in record 
numbers, and who is there waiting to greet them with an exciting range of Fall Activities? 
Why, it s the guys at Chabad House - Jewish Student Center. Those dynamic Rnbbis who 
are known far and wide for their great personalities and sparkling wit - not to mention their great 
scholarly wisdom. 

This year will be oneof the greatest ever! We'll be starting off with Falafel Night, and a host of other 
exciting events Our kosher cafeteria, "The Spice of Life", will be open for lunching Monday - Fri- 
day, 11:30-2:00 (with great student prices!). 

The Chabad Institute of Judaic Studies will feature a full assortment of classes, from Elementary 
- Alcf-Bet to Kabbala and Mysticism. Our famous Friday night celebration of continuity will be conti- 
nuing throughout .the year as well. 

Above all, our favourite Rabbi Ronnie Fine ("Ronnie" for short) will be available on and around 
campus for rapping, shmoozing, and to lend a hand to all McGill-niks who suffer with the Monday 
morning blues Monday to Friday. Come over and say hello. 

Is There Life After Falafel? McGill will be turned into a big Israeli restaurant when hungry 
students will line up to dig their teeth into tasty fclafcl anointed with tcchina, hot sauce and 

ni. u°ïu Wn S ^n n ai l C f • °" Thursda V- September 23rd, from 5 - 7 p.m., all roads point ta 
Chabad House, 3429 Peel St. 

Last year, over 150 McGill-niks and Concordians attended this first big event. The response was so 
great that other tasty ideas have been suggested for future bashes. Before the end of this semester, 
along with other falafel sales (by popular demand), we are considering "Choplivcr Dav" "Krenlach 
Day", "Gefilte Fish Day", "Dafina Day", and even "Kasha Varnishkes Day^However, we P Se 
ly refuse to have 'Bagels, Lox, and Cream Cheese Day" since that is much too ethnic for our palate 
"Falafel Night" - we hope to see you there on Septembr 23rd. It's $2.50 for all-you-àn-eat, and the 
good time is free. 

Meet your Campus Rabbi. Montreal is blessed with a campus Rabbi that few can compare 
to. Because of popular demand, we present another chapter in the continuing biography of 
this man. Ronnie Fine was not born n Rabbi as mnnv Vu.ti««. Rati,.- v~ir.„ ~„ .v„..u_j 

1 this man. Ronnie Fine was not born a Rabbi 
youth, his parents sent him at an early age to army I., ; , 
Homesick, he made his dramatic escape at the tender age of. 16 by tying his sheets together and 
lowering himself through a ground-floor window. His search then began for his roots (his parents' 
address having mysteriously been changed). Looking for clues, he wandered about asking people 
Areyou Jewish? . After many months of varied responses, from "Je ne parle pas anglais" (Eh?) to 
'Hock mir nisht kem cheinik!" (Go fly a kite!), his fateful day came to pass. One day, as he walked 
: down the street, he met a kindly Chabad House Rabbi. So thoroughly impressed was he, he decided 
the only place to dig up his roots was in his own backyard. After an extensive education in some of 
I the finest Torah academies in the world, he was offered.thc prestigious position of Chabad campus- 
Rabbi in Montreal. He reluctantly accepted, being too modest for high honours, and has been here 
evcrsince. This is a remarkably true story. In future issues of the Chabadnik we will print othere 
versions of Rabbi Fine's life story just as true as this one. 

Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur ot^o 

~- » «pi. », p.m., Jewish people all over the world will begin their celebration of the 

I High Holiday season. As every year, Chabad Hquse will be open to the Jewish community for ser- 
vices. Services will be open to Orthodox, Conservative, Reform, Reconstructionlsts and all non- 
| affiliates. 

Both evening and morning services* arc followed by full-course holiday meals, complete with round 
raisin challahs, honey,* apples, chicken soup, etc., etc., etc. There is no charge for services or for the 
beautiful meals. Holiness literally fills the air as the prayers rise and break all evil decrees (like bad 
grades and late reports). There is ample opportunity to ask questions about the various holidays and 
customs, and even to get them answered. 


Make the Chabad House - Jewish Student Center your one-stop place to be this Rosh 
Hashana/Yom Kippur and experience one of the most beautiful times of your life. 

♦Friday and Saturday evenings - 7:30 p.m., Saturday and Sunday mornings - 10:00 a.m. 




High Holiday Lecture Ser 

7. S.'S'CT: *rzrAi3 K5Aisr» v¥)rT*if l W Vw A *> * . . ■ i i J-)(v'-i- 1 


Are you going to synagogue for the High Holidays? 
Do you find the services boring? 
Is'this because you arc unaware of what's going on? 
Are Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur just an excuse for a fashion show> 
If you have checked "yes" to any or all of the above, then Chabad House - Jewish Student Center is 
the place to be every Tuesday night at 8:00 p.m. The "High Holiday Lecture Series" will delve into 
how and why/anaent customs including blowing the shofar and fasting arc relavcnt in today's 
modern 20th Century world. 

Published by 

Chabad Housejewish Student Center 
3429 Peel St. 

Montreal, P.Q. H3A 1W7 


Tlshrel 5743 
September 1982 


Each and every Sunday of this academic year the 
Presbyterian/United Church Chaplains of McGill will 
be co-sponsoring a Sunday morning worship service in 
the Reformed tradition. The services will take place 
Sundays at 10:30 am in the basement of the United 
Theological College, 3521 University (just above 
Milton). Informal dress is acceptable. Please join us in 
our ministry. A light brunch will be served immediately 
following the services. 


men notiDAy *ib >n b s 


This yean. 
join cis at 
i BOB S D 

6:30 pjn. 

RۤH B 4SB 4V4I 

Sopcombea 17tta "Fntday" Eoenin 0 ScroIcgb 

Meal Rollocoloo Sendees 

SoptornboR 18tb Satunday MoRnlnj] ScroIccb P:00 a.m. 

loaning SeRoicea o : 30 pjn 
Meal Foiiocoinf, Eoenfnf) Seaufces 

SepeemboH lPtta Sunday MoRnfn 0 ScRoicea 0:OO a m 

T€/H B IB B I i 

SopCembeR SOtb Sunday Eoenlna - Kol Nlône 
Septembeu 2Stb Monday Monnfno Seuoicea 
. • Arteunoon Seaolcos 

KIôôIbd to Bueak Fast 

Hlflta Holiday Senuicos, 
Including tbaee meals, 

SoRofcea [without, meala) 

ReaeRootiona cor aeRolcea and meals muat bo made in ad 

0:15 pjn. 
0-.OO a.m. 
4:30 pjn. 



J4)43 si ir If > s|. 

IM«>ri til. 




MON-FRI 5:15 pm Newman Centre, 3484 

5 pm Newman Centre, 3484 

11am Newman Centre, 3484 

8 pm Newman Centre, 3484 
MON- Pee ' 
WED-FRI Noon University Chapel, 3520 

0N D S^T N ; T 6T F ,? R 8 G P ET M 0UR ° PEN H0USE 

A Catholic Community Open to All 
3484 Peel - Tel.: 392-6711 


Let's get real, boys 

To The Dally 

In all the articles about the 
Students' Society Handbook 
Scandal (the student whose pic- 
ture 'randomly' appeared on 
the page about birth control and 
venereal disease) I am yet to 
understand one fundamental 
premise. No statement suggests 
how a face that is well-known to 
both handbook staff and to 
MSS officials could possibly 
have appeared 'accidentally.' 

In idly glancing through a list 
of handbook staff, I note the 
names of at least five people 
who have worked in student 
organizations with the student 
in question. They know his 
name, and are not blind. 

Furthermore, Mr. Williams 
and Mr. Hicks campaigned for 
political office against this stu- 
dent. Since they were around all 
summer, it is incredibly difficult 
to believe that they never saw 
. the handbook before it went to 
press. The average student is be- 
ing asked to make assumptions 
that are utterly moronic - in par- 
ticular, to believe that no-one 
recognized this face. It is easier 
to believe in the Great Pum- 

If this weren't enough, an in- 
credibly offensive article in the 
Tribune suggests that the entire 
issue has been "blown out of 
proportion." The main concern 
if the article is to reassure us' 
that no more money will be 
wasted (a difficult claim when 
one is discussing the Students' 
Society - on par with believing 
in the Easter Bunny given their 
history.) They should have 
thought of that when they were' 
"proof-reading". Incidentally, 
the Tribune is rapidly turning 
into a sleazy PR apologist for 
the more obvious goofs of the 
Students' Society. 

I am angry because I have 
suddenly realized how easy it is 
to be malicious under the guise 
of a student "prank." I am also 
sad. As yet, they have offered 
no apology, nor have they taken 
the simple adult role of accep- 
ting responsibility for their ac- 
tions. Any semblance of 
humanism or maturity is ab- 
sent. Like little kids, they blame 
someone else, cry "accident" or 
minimize the real damage that is 
done by this kind of activity. 

I suggest an easy solution, in 

' the spirit of public cooperation. 
Let us print up a series of infor- 
mation sheets on McGill life, on 
such straightforward, logical 
topics as birth control and 
venereal disease. We can then 
find some "random" pictures 
from the "random" files. These 
will include pictures of Mr. 
Williams, Mr. Hicks, and the 
entire handbook staff. We can 
then mail these posters "ran- 
domly" - to their parents, girl- 
friends, boy-friends, employers 
and professors. Since they feel 
the reaction of the student is 
"costly," not connected with a 
"strong legal case" and "blown 
out of - proportion," we can 
assume they will have the power 
of their convictions. Surely they 
will appreciate receiving in the 
same "random" spirit that 
which they so easily defend giv- 
ing out. 

Greer Nicholson 

Womens' issues not news 
To The Dally 

In reference to your editorials 
printed September 8th entitled 
Who are we and Tough times 
for women I feel forced to ask, 
"Who do you think you are kid- 
ding?" The first editorial states, 
'We aren't a promotional rag 
for any organization...' yet a 
quick glance to the McGill Daily 
Bylaws printed on page- three 
determines exactly the depths of 
this lie. Bylaws 2.1 and 2.2 
state, 'The McGill Daily should 
also provide its readers with in- 
formation and analysis of the 
economic order in which we all 
live, and should assist students 
to mobilize against that order 

where it is found to be preserv- 
ing "the class structure or to be 
oppressive to women, 
minorities and others.' Besides 
being a blatant socialist objec- 
tive it is worrisome in that the 
Daily is itselL an organization 
and any concerted attempt to 
mobilize students (what does 
this mean?) is going to have to 
take rather specific action. So 
much for being non- 

Thé paper also states in its 
editorials that they are not a 
small group, of people 
publishing a pet project. Yet a 
brief glance through the paper's 

staff box reveals that half the 
news editors edit women's 
news. What happened to the 
good old days when news, real 
■news, was for everybody? There 
seems to be some confusion,, 
perhaps .borne in a rhetorically 
congested and incoherently 
written editorial by Moira Am- 
brose and Suzy Goldenberg, 
that the women on McGill cam- 
pus still buy the tired arguments 
these 'editors* obviously 
subscribe to, i.e. that women 

; suffer 'the octopus feat of 
cleaning, cooking, caring and 
working.' Serious feminists 
have long ago abandoned that 
image when it was found to be 
not nearly, as prevalent as ac- 
tivists .had wanted it to be. In 
short, these two writers are 
hardly a representation of the 
larger female campus popula- 
tion but a few radical die-hards 
in a wishy-washy cause. It has 
been fly-weight feminists like 
Ambrose and Goldenberg, in 
fact, who have not only pissed 
off the intelligent movers of 
women's rights but set the cause 
back centuries by subscribing to 
mythology and emotional 

The McGill Dally, not at all 
like they see it, is a promotional 
rag and they do represent very 
small, indeed almost invisible, 
groups. Like most other Cana- 
dian newspapers they have the 
immediate disadvantage of be- 
ing a member of Canadian 
University Press (CUP), a na- 
tional organization long 
dominated by a hefty roster of 
lefties of all whacko descrip- 
tions. Some things never 
change they only get more bor- 

, It is good advice that anyone 
wishing to join the paper first 
check out the falsity these peo- 
ple wrap themselves in and then 
decide whether the compromise 
is worth it. Responsible students 
and faculty will nevertheless go 
back to reading other campus 
publications anyway. ; Look 
before you leap. 

Mark Wolfe 
Douglas Hall 








Friday, Sept. 17 

Candelighting time 6:46 p.m. 
Services, 7:00 p.m. 
traditional Roih Hashonah meal 

Saturday, Sept. 18 

10:00 a.m. Service! 
1:30 p.m. Kiddush and Meal 
7:30 p.m. Evening Services 
Candle lighting time 
After 7:40 p.m. 
Yom Tov Meal 

Sunday, Sept. 19 

10:00 a.m. Services 
11:30 a.m. Sho far Blowing 
• 1:00 p.m. Kiddush and Meal 

4:00 p.m. Tajhlich 

7:44 p.m. Conclusion 



Weds., Sept. 22 - Thurs., Sept. 23 

Sunday, Sept. 26 

4:45 p.m. Pre-Fast Feast 

6:28 p.m. Candlclighting Time 

6:30 p.m. Kol Nidre Services 

Monday, Sept. 27 

10:00 a.m. Services 

12:30 p.m. Yitkor 
6:30 p.m. N'eila Service 
7:28 p.m. Yom Kippur ends 
Break Fast Feast 



3429 PEEL ST. 

Accommodations F| ea sc Reserve 
available ' No Charges 

• J2, Th. Mean Qally • Wodnesday, feptOTbeMS. 1982 

From Dailys of Yore 

Thursday tetter 1st, 1336 


Vnd^rgroduplei, >il either ncx. are eligible for pvsttiovs 
tth reporters on l.h'e McCM Daily. This year newj repnrtrrr. 
will hare. Hie ndrantng: of trips iihieh Ht», bfl allotted 
slrnllij according In writ! this in a pn'« i ff« , Vo "'«iW>. has 
un/ hrc\i •ncatlahle. for n gnn.l many ii'iirf.. Furthermore a 
licit 1 Kiiflfiii of free lance, reporting will be instituted with 
Ihr aim of 'firing Hir reporter.-, freedom "f .;rapr (or their 

Applicants will ht interviewed by the News lïditor, 
Alln'n Awfernon. or hy Ascocinta Editor. John Mnii'.wnring, 
between Ihr, hour? of I and S and after fire-thirty. 

There am about .in vacancies and former reporters arc 
asked >•.< turn »p a.-, soon as possible to nine the Managing 
Board tome 'den »t 'he. assignments to le givrn. 

The Da'/;/ p/(M»3 to erfriment with th« inauguration, 
of an elementary school of io'irnolitni, and. this wilt give 
aspiring reporters not only an interesting stunt on journal- 
ism .hut also a considerable union»/ of somid practical ex- 

Promotion is solely* according to work done and tin- 
rerity of effort. There is a. definite eCward system and a 
greater inlcrrrl than this, a vast amount of interesting and 
amusing experiences to lie Iked through; 

Tuesday September 1st, 1964 

Meet The Doily 

Arise ye wretched of. the campus! Doily Workers of oil, foculfiei 
unite! You hove nothing to loss but your time; ybu no»c a Doih; 
Award to win! 

If there it a drop of printers' ink flowing. in your vein;,' you'll 
find nothing quite like the bustle and confusion of a newsroom 'oi 
deadline time draws near. Typewriters pound out an' urgent chorus 
as harried reporter! write up the news. . 
The pile of hair on the floor' 

crows steadily Either and white 
spaces stare the night editor tn 
the (ace as he looks at the. "dum- 
my" of his page, epd the clock 
ticks on. 

Always Comes Out 

Whatever the problem, The 
Dally always teems to hit the cam- 
pus each marnlnr with every co- 
lumn full, although It must be ad- 
mitted that once, when our music 
reviewer fell down a man hole, 
The "Dally did contain a blank 

Student Staff 
• The people who (all down man- 
holes, set stuffed Into garbage 
cant, are glued to their seats, and 
generally work at putting out .The 
Dally »r. .11 student... Most o( 
them come down regularly once a 
week to work in the News, SporU 
or Features department. 

Reporter's Job 
- A Dally reporter may be sent 
out to interviiw visitors to MeGill 
or esmpus personalities, may cover 
debates or McGlll gsmes, or may 
spend his shift in the office doing 
rewrites or writing headlines. The 
"Cub" reporter,' on first joining 
the staff will be taught the funda- 
mentals of news, sports or fea- 
tures writing, and will then h# set 

to work as soon as possible. 

Desk Jobs 

As the "Cub" gains experienro, 
ho will lie given more importnnt 
atnrics to cover, and by the end of 
his' first year ho may be getting 
Ncwufcaturcs assignments nr may 
be transferred to desk work, whero 
n* an Assistant Desk Editor ho 
will rind through and edit all copy 
before jiving it to tho Desk Kditor, 
who aligns the site of headline.- 
and the kind of type In which It b 
to be set 

A desk editor who it abla U 
completely supervise- his page,: am 
to "put It to bed" at the printers 
Is promoted to : "Night .Editor" 
Department bead* >. *ra .uauall; 
chosen from among the prsvleui 
year's N Ight Editors. 

So come and be a Dally Worker! 
Don't worn' If you can't spell — 
the English Department occasion- 
ally points out that no one on Tht 
Dally can do ao. To get newspapor 
experience of real value, to lean 
what's going on aroupd MeQiU, 
and to participât* in the legendary 
activities of our Press Club — tx 
a Daily Worker. 

For all who are interested, we'rt 
holding a freshman meeting at 1 
p.m. on Thursday In Ihe. Union.' 

Monday September 18th, 1967 

— Join the Daily — 

The McCill Daily hat been described by ill friendt ai 
'Monlreal't finest English language morning newspaper", 
'Ihe only thing that makes lectures bearable" and "not so 
tiuch o paper at a way of life". 

The terms lit cnemlet utc to describe It arc lett than kind. 
It Is produced by a group of several doien editors, re- 
rters. tporttwrlters. cartoonists, photographers, critics, paill- 
ai pundits, translators, researchers, typists, receptionists, 
iblticrs. neurotics and hangers-on who have nothing In corn- 
on except tint they all proudly describe themselves as "mêm- 
es of the Dslly staff".! 
Traditionally the paper, has provided a home for those who 
s-rd somewhere to hide. The staff's mortality rate is suffi- 
jii-ntty high that It heeds constant replenishment. The usual 
muni' tor Ihlt It the turprlr't. urge part of the freshman 
:lm that hat some talent in one or more of the areas men- 
llunril abnve. 

The Dally Is notorious for its ability to elicit such talent, 
uprclall)' In those who never before expected they might 
save it. 

Experience Is hardly an asset, although II is required thai 
staff aspirants know how to read and speak coherently. If you 
tJim-il write, we will teach you. If you can. you will leach us. 
\nd we have the most outre parties held in Laurcnllan hide 
i»a>> where you can learn things. 

In the fifty or so years of Us existence, it has sent a 
iiu'ty sircam of .writers,' newspapermen .and alcoholics out 
miii tin- world. Some of the more eminent of our cltiicnt have 
H-rn connected with It In one way or. another although, under- 
tjnil.ilily. they do not now like to talk about It. 

The Dally Is read by all Ihe Top People and most of the 
1'iilints on campus. Its staff Is sometimes praised, more often 
iilifiVil. hut always listened to. 

It inhabits- lèverai rooms in the Union batcmcnt, known 
ullccllvrly at the Dally Office, that have become a home away 
rarii hume to generations of hard-working freshmen. 

If vim want to Join, come down to' the office any alter- 
nait!, Sunday through Thursday, from 2-10 pm. and tell some- 
Mir soil want to work. The Daily's freshman meeting will he 
I.' ni mi Tuesday. September 20, ni B pm In the office. 


I'm alright Jack... 

To The Dally 

1 Re your article Registration Tribula- 

! Hons Usher in September, I can't really 
understand what all the fuss is about. I 

! have registrcd at McGUl for the past 
four years and I haven't been con- 

: fronted with any of the problems which 
you outline — and neither have most of 
my friends. To those who maintain that 
they weren't aware that they had to con- 
sult an advisor to complete a study plan, 
I say it is entirely your own fault. Had 
you deigned to study carefully the infor- 
mation that came along with your course 
calendar, you indubitably would have 
known. I'm sure it's all there in black 
and white, as it was when I received my 
First course calendar back in the summer 
of '79. But God forbid that one should 
even think of such a distasteful topic as 
school in the middle of summer! 
/ In future, I would implore The Dally 
to examine the issue, clear-headedly 
before taking up cudgels against the ad- 
ministration. They're trying their best to 
better their work; try to better your's 

~ Chandar S. Sundaram 

Film's okay 

To the Daily, 

Spending my first days here at MeGill, 
and being an eager reader of any printed 
material, I read the Sept. 13 issue with 
enthusiasm. This paper is a fantastic ef- 
fort, by any standards, but I was shock- 
ed by the feature article on the Montreal 
Film Festival, written by Samuel. 

I believe in free speech and press, but 
. journalism such as this (if it can be call- 
ed such) can not go uncontested. This 
article was found in a paper that refuses 
to print abusive literature, yet I see that 
Samuel's work was published anyway. 

This uticle did nothing more than 
direct, coarse and inflammatory 
criticism on a wide sampling of films 
présente dduring the festival. I was very 
hard-pressed to find any gracious com- 
ment on any facet of these films. Surely 
these films, some of which are the best 
that today's film industry has to offer, 
must have had some redeeming virtues, 
it is far easier to criticize unjustly than to 
praise with fairness. I think that Samuel 
was simply deriving some morbid form 
of pleasure from tearing everything to 
shreds whether it be within his reach or 

The main thrust of my comments is 
irected towards the introduction. I 
have never seen so many cliché "anti- 
you-riame-it-ril-smear-it" expressions 
that I found in the first two paragraphs. 
Such comments should have been more 
specific; the "glittering generality" 
should be reserved for political pro- 
paganda. Here are some points: . 

(a) Samuel mentions the "devious 
nature of Western ideology" but actual- 
ly, the "West" sustains a multitude of 

(b) Samuel creates a logical bond bet- 
ween ideology and art. This is er- 
roneous; one does not engender the 
other. Culture and art are the only two 
that can be linked in any logical way. 

- (c) I would like to point out that there 
were several Oriental films at the 
festival. Samuel's boundaries of the 
"West" seem to stretch quite far. 

(d) Another statement made in the ar- 
ticle is that "effective art rubs against 
the State, useless art corresponds with 
it." This precognizes an unfounded link 
between art and the "State", and it 
recognizes a classification of usefulness 

for art. All art has some purpose in 
Society. If we start to classify art in this 
manner, we are putting the very meaning 
of art in our Society in peril; I don't 
mean any Society, but every Human 
Community that has ever existed. 

(e) Films for the festival were pro- 
bably selected with regard to actual 
availability. Many Third-World coun- 
tries don't even have a film Industry, 
(After all, these countries are still 

. In conclusion, I would suggest that 
•Julian Samuel take some Philosophy 
courses (the most basic one will do) and 
could he please give some solutions to 
the problems that he sb clearly points 
out. To the MeGill Daily, I only say that 
I hope that a good look will be given to 
the definition of "hate literature" 
before publishing an article of such 
physical and moral magnitude. I think 
that quality is more important than 

s John Janls Terauds 

Freshman, Arts 


350 -JOBS 

370 «RIDES 

Adi miy be placed through thi Daly Ad of- 
flet, Room B17, Student Union Building, 9 
i.m. to S p.m. 

McQiD tludtnti: $2.00 ptr diy. For 3 dayt, 
$1.75 par day; mors thin 3 days, SI. 50 par 

McGIII Faculty ind Half: $3.00 pir day. 
AH others: $3.50 par dry. 
Tho Daly ruirvoi the right not to print a 
dassldsd id. 


Need money? Grad student wishes to stay 
dose to campus Mon. Tues. Wed. nights. 
Will only need a place lor a bed (otherwise In 
library); Call 802-796-3224 (Vermont) 

Roommate needed desperately. Please call 
Chris anytime 659-0501. 

A very spacious, bright and cozy 4-1/2 
apartment to share on Dr. Penlleld and 

' Female graduate slu dent looking lor same to 
share an apartment. Contact 849-3806. 

Female student looking to share clean com- 
pletely (urnlshed 4-1/2. located In West- 
mount. Close to all conveniences. 10 minute 
bus ride to campus. 180/month. 739-2507. - 

To share a 4-1/2. Bright, wall to watbalr 
conditioned, Indoor pool, sauna. Walx to 
school. Your rent $242.50. 931-0067 (until 
11:00 p.m.) 

Despair not. 1-1/2, 2-1/2 still available 
near McGIII; clean, unfurnished, year lease. 
Susan 849-1080. 

To shire -large 4-1/2, very clean, 5 mln. to 
McGIII Univ. Furnished - Quiet, mature, 
responsible female student wanted. 
Preferably a European graduate student. 
Rent negotiable. Call 286-1016 or collect 
(613) 236-1823. 

Sublet downtown 3-1/2, large rooms. Ideal 
for McGIII students. Call 844-3290. 

For rent: Light attractive basement i 
$200/month, facilities Included 
quiet female student, non-smoker. Call 

In the ghetto, roommate wanted to share a 
clean 4-1/2 on Durocher. $205/montn. If 
Interested cad Lorle at 286-1366. 

Escape the Ghetto. Upper duplex, spacious, 
-recently renovated 4-1/2, balcony, 
sundeck, quiet street, 5 mins. from McGin. 
to share with research technician. 
$225/month, all' expenses. Home 
B44-0932. Work 392-5764. 

To Share - Large nicely lumlshed 4-1/2 on 
Rldgewood. Female only $192.50 month 
and utilities. Call 341-5259. 

343 - MOVERS 

The Ghetto Mover. Need something moved? 
Closed truck, cheaper than trailer rental and 
no hassle. Call Gary 744-6837. 

Moving done quickly and cheaply by stu- 
dent with large van. . Call Stéphane, 

res per 




(Niveau Boutiques) 

Tél.: 288-8813 

The Tutorial Service is hiring tutors. II In- 
terested bring transcript and reference to 
Room 206 • Powell Bunding, 3637 Peel or 
call 392-6741 for Information. 

I NEED A LIFT Irom St-Laurent dally for my 
8:00 am classes. Will share gas and conver- 
sation! CaB Gennle at 744-3312. 

.The JjcGlU Pally.% Wednesday, £eplembet 15.. 1982. .23 



372* LOST ft FOUND 

Student required to help two children, ages 
9 to 10, with homework and generally to Im- 
prove their speaking and writing abilities In 
English. $5 per hour, 2 hours twice a week. 
Write: 3000 Breslay. Montreal H3Y 2G7 

Established Company looking for new blood. 
Immediate openings available In telephone 
sales. Easy money. We accommodate your 
schedule. Phone 482-5414. Ask tor Mike. 

Help wanted - Students willing to work part 
time to earn full time salaries. Established 
national firm. Open hours. Call Between 9 
a.m. - 1 p.m, 483-2301. 


Bilingual Typist (or. term papers, theses, 
etc. Special project, form letters. Proles- 
slonal work. $1.50/pg. 989-9432. 

Typing Done. Expert typing done with your 
choice ol element on IBM. Résumés, Term 
Papers, Research Papers, all quality work. 
Phone 934-1455. • 

Youth Hostel Mini L'Auberge de Jeunesse. 
Dora's Place at Glen Sutton, R.R.4 Manson- 
ville, Qué. JOE 1X0. (514) 538-5403. 


Baby sitter available. Experienced. Close to 
campus. Call 845-6822. 


Futons lor tale. 100% cotton, highest quali- 
ty. Single $98.95, double $118.95, Queen 
$138.95. For more Information call Menage 
à Shaw at 287-9101 . Last call before prices 
Increase. ' 

I must salt cross country skis, skates, and 
house articles. Tel. 288-6153. 

Film ft Communication students. Books for 
275D. 279D. 215A. Available at 1/2 price. 
Phone Mathew al 285-0024 after 6. 

Comfortable, modem chesterfield with mat- 
ching chair. Also folding cot. Any 
reasonable offer accepted. Everything about 
$150. Could sell separately. 3440 Durocher, 
Apt. 1011. 845-8829 or 722-5463. 

Leaving Canada: desk & chair ($80). 2 large 
foam mattresses (1x2m. $59). B/W TV 
($90), Super 8 projector ($87), Stereo radio 
($95). Transportation can be arranged. 
Phone 483-3565. ■ . .; 

.FOR SALE: Minolta 135mm lens, brand 
new, still In sealed box.Reg. $150, will sell 
for $90. Call Ed at 288-4175 or 392-8955. 

Super Chromega Dlchroic Enlarger Omega 
Color- Analyzer • 3 Omicron Lens • 4 Rim 
Holders • 1 Timer. Information: 463-3238, 

Electric Typewriter. Hot Smith-Corona 
"Sterling 12" Blue Eagle. EZ to use. Price 
negotiable, we can start talking at $110. 
Call Brahm, evenings at 482-9014. 

Furniture for Sala. Single bod $50. Solid 
maple chest $75, 9 drawer dresser, mirror, 
bed frame, walnut finish $125. Can arrange 

Lost • gold, torsada bracelet on Sept. 1 
(possibly in Leacock building). Great sen- 
timental value. Reward offered. Please call 
Daisy at 438-3673 or 342-4884 


College protestor, 35, wishes to meet an 
unattached, single, educated woman bet- 
ween 28 • 32. Sense ol humour as Important 
as physical attributes. Box 698, Coteau du 
Lac, Quebec JOP 1B0. 

MICHAEL REECE: Thanks for tho 50. schill- 
ings. I knew I could count on you. Sorry we 
missed each other. Stay tuned. 


German. Would like to give German lessons 
In exchange for French. Please call 

(breathing, vocal technique, Interpretation); 
elementary piano lessons, theory, sight 
singing. Experienced teacher. Reasonable 
rate. Near McGIII. Phone 844-9633 even- 
Ings or weekends. 

385 - NOTICES 

Increase your assimilation potential and 
develop your psychic faculties. Sell- 
hypnosis workshops. Private or group ses- 
slons. P,H. Mllot, N.D. 989-9432. 

McGIII students are Invited to a Fall Retreat, 
September 24th-25th, with Reverend 
Donald Burke, Pastor of Greenwich Baptist 
Church.' Connecticut. Westmount .Baptist 
Church, Sherbrooke at Roslyn Avenue, 
welcomes McGIII Students. Phone 

'Rally Nile at Raglna's' - Hyatt Regency 
Sept. 19th, 9 pm. Sponsored by O'Keefe, 
' 1/2 price on drinks. $2 with McGIII 1.0. In- 
formation call Wes 989-9674 

Come check out McGIII's number one frater- 
nity, 100 years old this coming year. ZETE 
Happy Hour. FrL 3 to 6, 3483 Peel. Behind 

Come WorsNpl Sunday morning services In 
the Reformed tradition will be held on cam- 
pus every Sunday of this semester starting 
this week. United Theological College. 3521 
University, 10:30 am. All are welcome. 
Brunch after the service. Co-sponsored by 
the Presbyterian and United Church 
Chaplaincies. r: 


The Yellow Door needs volunteers to do 
visiting, and accompaniment (to appoint- 
ments) for elderly people in the McGIII and 
downtown area. If you are Interested, call 
392-6742. -, 

Volunteers needed to work (or a few hours 
during the McGILL BLOOD DRIVE 1982. 
-Come to B-07 ol the Union Building or Call 
Sandra at 392-8976. 

77»f Today Column is published as a 
service to all McGIII student organisa- 
tions free of charge. Please ensure that 
submissions are legibly typed and sub- 
mitted be/ore 12 noon on the day before 
publication. ' . 


' First Prize Winners 

Québec winners in the National Com- 
petitive Festivals of Music perform in 
the Recital Hall, SS5 Sherbrooke .' at 8 
pm. Free. Info. 392-8224. 
M CSS Meeting 

8 p.m. In the ISA Office, Union Rm 
B15. Open to members. 
Political Sdence Students 1 Association 

Our first film of the year, Communism: 
The Red Menace, wifl be screened In the 
Political Science lounge, L42S. 
Everyone is welcome and there will be 
free coffee and cookies. 
Synchro Practices 

Starting 6 p.m. at Weston Pool, S55-B 
Sherbrooke St. West (Comer A y liner) 
Library Workshop: Card 

Explains how to use the Author/Title 
Catalogue in the Undergraduate Library 
and the McGUl Union Catalogue In 
McLennan. Starts at the Undergraduate 
Library Information Desk - Main Floor 
at 1-2 pm and 3-4 pm.' For Info: 

Tuesday Night Café Theatre 

is now accepting proposals for plays, 
student scripts and ideas for workshops. 
Proposal forms can be picked-up at the 
TNC office (Aits Bldg. basement, office 
D). For more information call 392-4637 
or drop by the office. 


Tuba' Concert 

Ellis Wean, tuba, and Yuri Meyrowita, 
piano, open the 1982/83 Pollack Con- 
cert Hall season at 8 pm 5J5 Sherbrooke 
W„ Free. Information: 392-8224. 
Players Theatre's First General Meeting 
We need actors, stagers, dancers, 
acrobats, technicians. I.e.: anyone in- 
terested in theatre. Union Rm 308 at 
4:00 p.m. For more Information call 
Gay McCOl 

The first meeting for 1982-83 will take 
place at 7:30 p.m. in Union Rms 
425-426. The meeting will focus on 
welcoming new students in addition to 
discussing various projects and events 
for the year all are invited. 
Library Workshop: Card 

Learn how to use the Subject Catalogue 
to find boob on a specific topic. Come 
to the Undergraduate Library Informa- 
tion Desk • Main Floor at 1-2 pm and 
3-4 pm. For Info: 392-4288. 

1439 RUE STANLEY «3 <069' 




roou. 8280.00 

FROM 1495.00. 


mow $395.00 

688 Dorchester W., 8uite 1400 

TECHSEL INC. are-Mio C^T, 1 ^ 

Sato & Repaid 

Luggage, Briefcases & Schoolbags 
Wallets & Umbrellas 

With this adr 
All Kinds of Zipper Repairs 

■£atdic"t du Sue à *Mtt 
ÇtandéaQ ^tpaix âo 

fd. 842-3846 

(See Yellow Parj63) 
2040 RUE METCALFE ST. (près du Métro) 


• 15 masters to 
serve you 




Remolding your golf shoes, rebuilding your favourite 
Wallabees, orthopedic alterations of all kinds, redylng 
or changing the colour of leather handbags, and valises, 
repairing all leather garments. 

Tana Products _ 

ind Birks) 


Women's Volleyball Training Camp 

Continues for all students interested in 
playing this year. 5:30 - 7:30 p.m. In 
Gyms 3 &4, Currie Gymnasium. 
Scrivener Magazine 
is holding a general meeting at 5:00 p.m. 
In Arts 385. If you like to write or are in- 
terested in working on a student jour- 
nal, please drop by. Positions are. still 
available for writers, editorial board 
members and an advertising manager 
(who will be paid by commission). All 
students are welcome. 
Open Audition! 

for McGill Drama fall production of the 
comedy 77ie Walti of the Toreadors by 
Jean Anouilh, at Moyse Hall, Arts 
"~BTdg. irom 7-9 p.m. 7 females, 4 males 
needed. Information: B. Anderson, 


. Music Lecture 

Morton FcJdman, American composer, 
will speak on his own music in the 
Recital Hall, 555 Sherbrooke W., at 3 
p.m. Free. Information 392-8224. 
Library Workshop: Reserve/Circula- 

Shows you how to takeout books from 
the general collection (stacks) and from 
, the reserve collection. The workshops 
are given at the Undergraduate Library 
Information Desk • Main Floor at 1-2 
pm and 3-4 pm. For Info: 392-4288. 
African Students 

Welcome to our first meeting at 6:30 
p.m.. Union, Rm BIS. Please attend - 
great plans lined up for the year. 
Open Auditions 

for McGIII Drama fall production o f. the 
comedy 77»e Waltt of the Toreadors by 
Jean. Anouilh, .at Moyse Hall, Arts 
Bldg. from 7-9 p.m. 7 females, 4 males 
needed. Information: B. Anderson, 


Shaughneasy Cup '82 

Tickets available at Sadie's. Concordia 
Stingers vs. McGill Redmen, Concordia 
Stadium at 2 p.m., $2.00 

1DAY < 


Sunday Moynlng Service 
In the Reformed Tradition wUI be held 
on Sunday, Sept. 19 at 10:30 a.m. at the 
United Theological College. 3521 
University. All are welcome. Brunch 
will be served after the service. Co- 
sponsored by the Presbyterian and 
United Church Chapla 
Rally Nlte at Reglne'a 
Hyatt Regency at 9 p.m. Sponsored by 
O'Keefe, 1/2 price on drinks, $2 with 
McGill I.D. Information caU Wes 

• Eyes Examined 

» Eye Glasses Fitted 

• Contact Lenses 

(soft /hard) . 

• Medicare card 



(comer Quy). 

933-8700 or 933-6182 s 

2*—nièWcGm-Dany---vwtm«<fty;sépiôfntjflr v i5-. 1982 • y 

pn»Tf^<«iw»ii'! v .W'«'.'.".'n-. k ; . v.» i V*.' f".'. . .- . 










6665 St-Jacques Oust west of Cavendish) 


• Larger Store 

• More Selection 

• Free Parking 

• 6*1/2 minutes from Downtown 





September 16 

CBC Broadcasts live all day with the 

Steven Barry Band - Lower Campus 

6:00 a.m. - 7:00 p.m. FREE 

Chilli Festival - Lower Campus 5:00 - 7:00 p.m 

Frat Crawl meet on Lower Campus 7:00 p.m. 

"Atrocious" Movie Night 

Union Ballroom at 8:00 p.m. 1,00$ 

September 17 

Field Day 

Lower Campus 12:00 p.m. 

"Scotty" From Star Trek 

Leacock 132 at 7:00 p.m. 2,50$/4,00$ 

Beach party - Treky Dance - Douglas Hall 9:00 

0,50$ with Scotty ticket or 1 ,50$ 

September 18 

Shaughnessy Cup Game ,2:00 p.m. 2,00$ 
at Concordia University 
Four Floors of Entertainment 
Featuring "The Sixties" ' 

uilding 8:00 p.m. 4,00$/5,00$ 





Wed., Sept. 1 5th, 8 pm 
Union Ballroom 

Admission $3.00 

Door prizes • Door prizes • Door prizes • Door prizes • Door prizes • Door prizes • Door prizes 

Albums from. Ski posses from. 

V"-;- jm 

Trip to Florida compliments of i