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i Will San Francisco kill the baths? p 15 

Number 103 n May 1984 D US&Canada$2.00 D UK£1 D Australia $1.75 


A talk with 

Andrew Hodges, 

biographer of Alan 

Turing, gay father 

of the computer 




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Tfte liberation of homosexuals 

can only be the work of 

homosexuals themselves." 

- Kurt Miller, 1921 - 

The Collective 

John Allec. Paul Baker, Edna Barker. Christine Bearcheil. 

Rick Bebout, Sue Goldmg. Paul Hackney. Gerald Hannon. 

Ed Jackson. Stephen MacDonald. Tim McCaskell. Ken Popert. 

Gillian Bodgerson. Phil Shaw. David Vereschagin 

Desigrf/Art Direction 

Kirk Kelly/Rick Beboul 

Paul Aboud 

The News 

Chris Bearcheil. Edna Barker 

Robert Barron. Ed Jackson, John Moreau, Ken Popert. 

Gillian Rodgerson, Jane Smith, Richard Summerbell. 

Lee Waldon, Glenn Wheeler 

(Toronto News Stall) 

Richard Banner, Fred Gilbertson, Jackie Goodwin, 

Kevin Grittin, Rob Joyce, Don Larventz, Jim Oakes. 

Stan Persky, Michael Wellwood 

(Vancouver News Stall) 

Maurice Beaulleu (Quebec), Wayne Bell (Kitchener), 

Gale Comin (Calgary), Nils Clausson (Edmonton), 

Bernard Courte (Montreal). Jetlrey McLaughlin (Victoria). 

Robin Melcalle (Halilax). Jim Monk (Windsor). Fay Orr 

(Calgary). Joe Szatai (Kitchener) 

The World 

Tim McCaskell, Gillian Rodgerson 

Edna Barker, Ed Jackson. Kevin Orr 

Reviews and Features 

John Allec (coordinator). Rick Archbold, Paul Baker, 

Rick Biboul, Stephen MacDonald, Alan McGinty, Sonia Mills, 

Phil Shaw, Colin Smith, Richard Summerbell 

Out in the City 

John Allec (coordinator), P G Baker, Ron Ben-Israel. 

Jon Kaplan, Ian Thorn, Glendon McKinney. 

Richard Summerbell 


John Alan Lee, Joy Parks, Glenn Wheeler 


Rick Bebout/Chris Bearcheil 

Layout and Production 

Rick Biboul (coordinator), Paul Aboud, Edna Barker, 

David Blair, Mark Brickell. Robin Dauphinais, Terry Farley, 

John Flack, Paul Hackney Chris Lea, Barbara Klemme, 

Robert Mealy. Sonia Mills. Michael Petty, Kevin Orr. 

Konnie Reich, Colin Smith, Jane Smith, Ann Stokes. 

Jean-Luc Svoboda. and members and Iriends ol the collective 

Printing: Delta Web Graphics, Scarborough 


Gerald Hannon, Ed Jackson, Ken Popert 
Maurice Arcand. Robert Barron, Mike Kelley, Robert Wilson 


Gerald Hannon, Ken Popert 

Robert Wilson 

Subscriptions and Distribution 

Gerald Hannon, Ken Popert, Robert Trow 

Ward Beattie, Bill Brown, Mito Connelley, Martin Roebuck, 

Bob Wallace 


Paul Aboud. John Allec. Chris Bearcheil. Rick Bibout. 
Gerald Hannon. Ed Jackson, Ken Popert. Gillian Rodgerson 

Robert Barron, Brad Candy Gail Crouch, Ron Fisher 

Paul Hackney, Jean-Denis Lacroix, Dale Landry, 

Stephen MacDonald. Mike Marshall. Tim McCaskell, 

Christian Singer, Phillip Solanki. Rudy Sleinbach, 

Lee Waldon, Ken West 

The Body Politic is published ten times a year by Pink Triangle 
Press, a non-prolit corporation . as a contribution to the building ot 
the gay movement and the growth ol gay consciousness Respon - 
sibility lor the content ol The Body Politic rests with the Body Poli- 
tic Collective, an autonomous body operahng within Pink Triangle 
Press The collective is a group ol people who regularly give their 
time and labour to the production ol this magazine The opinions ol 
the collective are represented only In editorials and clearly marked 
editorial esstys. Ollices ol The Body Politic are located at 54 
Wolseiey Street (second lloor) m Toronto 

The publication ol an advertisement in The Body Politic does not 
mean that the collective endorses the advertiser 

Mailing address The Body Politic. Box 7289, Sin A 

Toronto. Ontario, Canada MbW 1X9 

Phone (416)364-8320 

Available on microlilm Irom 

MacLaren Micropublishing. Box 972. Sin F 

Toronto. Ontario, Canada MAY 2N9 

Copyright « 1984 Pink Triangle Press 

2nd Class Mail Registration No 3245 

ISSN 0315-3606 




The Body Politic is a member ol the Coalition lor Gay Rights in 

Ontario, the Toronto Gay Community Council, the Canadian 

Periodical Publishers' Association, and the inlernalional Gay 


The Body Politic gralelully acknowledges a grant Irom the 

Toronto Gay Community Appeal to assist in the development ol 

in house computer services 

The Body Politic is indexed regularly in 

the Alternative Press Index, 

Box 7229. Baltimore. MD 21218 



NUMBER 103 D MAY 1984 

31: Hookers 
on Davie 

It's a rare kind of film — one 
that belongs to the hookers, trans- 
vestites and transsexuals whose lives it 
probes as much as it does to Holly 
Dale and Janis Cole (left) who made 
it. But in their attempt not to moralize 
or impose their own point of view, did 
the filmmakers leave the hardest ques- 
tions unasked? Sonja Mills profiles the 
two virtuosos of "direct cinema," 
while Chris Bearcheil turns her own 
probing lens on the assumptions 
behind the camera. 

28: The enigma of intelligence 

Alan Turing's top-secret code-breaking work helped win World War II, and his mathematical theories laid 
the foundations for the modem computer. And he was gay. British gay activist and mathematician Andrew 
Hodges (above) has written a brilliant biography of the man, and TBP's Richard Summerbell and Rick 
Bebout explore with Hodges the quandary of gay people caught in the web of the national security state, the 
role of sensuality in the development of intelligence, smd the importance of asking "embarrassing questions." 

15: The battle of the baths 

Rumours were flying: on Friday, March 30, San Francisco's public health commissioner, Mervyn Silverman, 
planned to announce the closing of the city's baths. And he nearly did. Kevin Orr reports on the sequence of 
events leading to Silverman's ultimate decision to impose controls rather than closure, and ponders the effect 
the whole ruckus might have on the fight against AIDS. 

7: The Divided Church? 

A United Church task force recently recommended that sexual orientation be no bar to the ministry. The 
move has been praised by some as a step toward overcoming two-thousand years of oppression; others 
condemn it as pandering to sin. Will the debate split the United Church of Canada? 

19: Power and morality 

Can a gay man working for the arms industry have the same sense of ethics as a gay man picketing outside his 
plant? Do a gay cop and a street hustler share common interests? Sociologist John Alan Lee deliberates on the 
Utopian quest for a comprehensive and consistent gay morality. 

47: The big question 

Direct from the Pink Pussy Motor Hotel in Encino, California — A Body Politic exclusive! ! ! The question 
the whole world wants to ask Michael Jackson — and it's not about his nose job. Follow Stephen Stuckey on 
this "thriller" assignment, and get the real dirt on Diana Ross's dresses!!! 

Regular departments 

4: Letters to The Body Politic 

20: Out in the City, our regular Toronto calendar 

and listings section 
37: Joy Parks's "Shared Ground" 
39: Classified ads 
00: Network, our regular listing of gay and lesbian 

groups across Canada, does not appear this 

month, but will return in June 

On the police beat 

Newswriter Glenn Wheeler pays a cautious visit to 
Toronto's new police chief in the first installment of a new 
column, "Copwatch," on page 14. 

The cover: Holly Dale and Janis C\ile, in 
a photo by Sonja Mills; Andrew Hcxlgcs photographed by Cicrald 
Hannon; Alan TUring, in his Royal Society portrait, peeking out 
from a 1984 model fUring machine. Design by Rick Bcbtiut. 

We forgot to credit cover work last month. The design was by 
Rick Bebout; the photo for "You've got a nice body... for an 
Oriental" was by Gerald Hannon. The body was by Lloyd Wong. 



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Cloning effects and xenophobia 

While I found Tim McCaskell's article 
on racism ("You've got a nice body... 
for an Oriental," TBP, April) informa- 
tive, I wish it had gone further in sug- 
gesting ways to dilute it among gay 
people here. From my own experience, I 
find most GWMs are xenophobic (afraid 
of the unknown and unfamiliar) rather 
than racist. Having recently returned 
from a trip to San Francisco, I found the 
cloning effect on Castro Street eerie and 
sad. Surely that can't be the ideal. Vari- 
ety is the spice of life, and for those who 
preclude even a simple hello to the un- 
familiar — someone with an accent, an 
older person or a non-white person — I 
can only express my profound pity. A 
hello should not be looked upon as a 
commitment to have sex. What it can 
lead to is friendship. Isn't that what 
fraternity is all about? 

If we start setting up barriers, divi- 
sions and bitterness among ourselves, it 
can only lead to the demise of the gay 
equality movement. Considering the rel- 
atively easy access to meeting other gays 
in Canada as compared to a country like 
Poland, why are there still gays disliking 
other gays because of race or other such 
Scott Lee 

Excess testosterone 

Tom Waugh's March article, "Photog- 
raphy, Passion and Power," was won- 
derfully fascinating. He mentions that 
we valorize straightness, as exemplified 
by our "favourite" types of models and 
their poses in commercial photographs. 
I totally agree with him. We were raised 
as heterosexuals from birth. We eventu- 
ally had to come to terms with our real- 
ity being different from those of our 
family and childhood environments. To 
accept ourselves as different, yet equally 
valid, takes each person decades of hard 
work to accomplish. And for many the 
struggle is never resolved. 

The hatred that straight society has 
for Gays is internalized by us, and per- 
petuated through various acts of self- 
contempt. One aspect of this self-hatred 
manifests itself in trying to act straight 
and /or macho. This behaviour is re- 
warded with high social status — especi- 
ally on the "Meat Rack" (our most 
cherished Gay bars). In contrast, anyone 
who is not beefy, clumsy and tense has 
large chances of not being respected as a 
human being. This is why so-called "ef- 
feminate" men are treated as lepers, 
even in Gay society. 

Take a good look at the 1984 Buddy's 
Calendar from Vancouver. The centre 
figure looks like he has no fingers. Are 
we finally accepting the handicapped as 
sexual fantasy? Or is the model trying to 
act macho by clenching a fist and tensing 
his whole body? A fist is usually used for 
fighting (with some exceptions). Is he 
promoting Gay Patrol or does he think 
that fighting and anger are desirable 
traits? Maybe he's miming a song: "I'm 
an angry young woman, they call me a 
Dyke." Did the photographer instruct 
him to pose that way or was it instinctive 
on his part? 

I've seen people who are that tense in 
real life. They need pretentions such as 

,the calendar pose to exist, because they 
hate themselves the way they really are 
— Gay. They have to watch every move 

Buddy's Vancouver poster: instinctive pose? 

and gesture they make, even during 
sleep, to make sure they are not acting 

Another example of the commercial 
promotion of self-hatred are the videos 
shown in Gay bars, and the slides of men 
projected on the walls for "entertain- 
ment," as well as Gay "Art" hanging as 
decor. These images are all of macho 
men, titillating our desires, and at the 
same time telling us what we should be 
desiring. There are no images of average 
Gay men, like our friends and lovers and 
the guys who are actually buying the 
beer and supporting the owners! 

It's about time that we start rejecting 
the oppressive manipulation that our 
very own Gay establishments are perpe- 
trating on us. If these images that we are 
bombarded with are supposed to be our 
role models, then we will continue to 
hate ourselves, because most of us are 
not hung like a horse, with the body of a 
bull and hairy like a gorilla. In fact, 
most of us are beautiful, fun-loving, 
smiHng individuals who are much more 
congenial than those "hot studs" whose 
lives are soured by excess testosterone. 

And while you search like a scanning 
device for those hairy knights in shining 
armour, you'll never notice the nice guy 
who has been cruising you all night. The 
ones who want you are the best lovers, 
you know. Oh, he doesn't look like the 
guys in the pictures, you say? Well then, 
go home alone and jerk off — as usual. 

Charles Fisch 

Distressing attention 

In your March issue you published a 
review of Rampike magazine (in "The 
Ivory Tunnel," p41). While I am grate- 
ful for the fact that you mentioned the 
publication, I am distressed at the kind 
of attention you gave it. 

The so-called review accuses Rampike 
of censoring Toronto artist-writer John 
Grube's prose piece. The fact of the 
matter was that Grube offered the text 
to Rampike with an understanding that 
it would be printed after being edited. 
The work arrived in my hands in three 
separate sections, on three separate oc- 
casions, with Uttle to indicate the order. 



'These images are all 

of macho men, titillating our desires, 

and at the same time telling us what we 

should be desiring.' ' 

typed (not too neatly) on both sides of 
the page with a number of hand-written 
corrections on the sheets. In good faith, 
I took this piece, which was a series of 
diary fragments, chose the fragments 
that seemed most interesting, edited out 
the ones that seemed less interesting and 
pubHshed them in the order they ap- 
peared. Since there was an understand- 
ing that we would edit the piece, we did 
not contact Grube again. It seems we 
should have, because in spite of our ef- 
forts he was not pleased with the results. 

However, I fail to see how your publi- 
cation can accuse us of "mangling" a 
piece of writing which was already in 
that state when it reached our hands. I 
would like to say that I think John 
Grube is a fine writer and that we had no 
intention whatsoever of misrepresenting 
him. If we did, we apologize. Further- 
more, if your editors had so much as 
bothered to read the rest of the maga- 
zine, they would have noted several 
overtly gay works, one notable piece by 
Jean-Paul Daoust. That piece pulls no 
punches, and since it arrived in good 
condition we published it word for 
word. In the past, Rampike has been 
among the first to lend vocal support to 
The Body Politic in its legal struggles 
and its right to freedom of expression. 

I would like to point out that the 
theme of the next issue of Rampike is 
"institutionaHsation," and that we 
would welcome any articles either by 
yourselves, Mr Grube or your more eru- 
dite readers stating your point of view. 
Thanks for this opportunity to tell our 
side of it. 
Karl Jirgens, 
Editor, Rampike 

John Grube replies: 
Through a series of misunderstandings, 
Rampike published part, not all, of a 
prose poem I submitted. Through an- 
other series of misunderstandings. The 
Body Politic published part, not all, of a 
letter about this I wrote to Rampike. 
Toronto is a small town. Let me say that 
I have known Ian Young for a decade 
and respect his pioneering work in pro- 
moting gay poetry (and by so doing 
combatting the assimilationist nonsense 
that there is no gay poetry, just good 
and bad poems). I have also know Karl 
Jirgens for almost that time and respect 
his work at Rampike. In fact without his 
perceptive help I would never have seen 
that the diary fragments were worth 
publishing in the first place. Peace on 
both your houses. 


March 19, 1984 

Graham Ritchie, Senior Producer 
CBC-TV National News 
Box 5(X), Station A 
Toronto, Ontario 
M5W 1E6 

Dear Mr Ritchie: 

While we were pleased to see CBC TV 
acknowledge the importance of the AIDS 
problem by giving it special coverage in 
the national news (March 5 through 
March 10, 1984), we were disappointed 

by the omission of significant details. 

Specifically, we are dismayed that 
program number 4, dealing with the re- 
action of the Toronto gay community to 
the AIDS threat, implied there is little 
awareness of and /or reaction to the 
crisis by Metro's gay men. 

The opposite is true — as is signified 
by the existence of our organization. 

ACT is one of the direct achievements 
of the Toronto gay community, which 
over a year ago began to meet interest 
and concern about AIDS by organizing 
public forums to present and discuss up- 
to-date information about the subject. 
Thousands of gay men and others have 
received facts and opinion about AIDS 
Ihrough subsequent forums, seminars, 
lectures, mailings and telephone calls. 
The support we receive from three levels 
of government attests to the efficacy and 
importance of our educational outreach, 
as does the active and sustained involve- 
ment in our activities of organizations 
like the Canadian Red Cross, the Cana- 
dian Hemophilia Society and the City of 
Toronto Department of Public Health. 

Using interviews with gay men outside 
a bar to represent the response of Toron- 
to's gay community to AIDS is incom- 
plete and biased reporting, particularly 
when interviews with telephone opera- 
tors at the Gay Men's Health Crisis in 
New York are used to indicate response 

Thankfully, we do not suffer in Tor- 
onto the extreme crisis that the gay com- 
munity in New York currently must face. 
Unfortunately, however, we suffer the 
same vulnerability to the manipulations 
of the media. Your researcher, Vito 
Cupoli, knows the degree and extent to 
which the gay community has organized 
here to combat AIDS — if only because 
he used our files and office staff on a 
daily basis to prepare your series. 

We are shocked that you should 
ignore the work and commitment of a 
volunteer organization that to a large de- 
gree supplied the information that made 
your program possible. 

We would appreciate meeting with 
you to screen and discuss your series as 
soon as possible. 
Yours sincerely. 
Bob Wallace, Coordinator 
Media Relations Committee 
A IDS Committee of Toronto 

March 30, 1984 

Murray Chercover, President 
CTV Television Network, Ltd 
42 Charles Street East 
Toronto, Ontario 

Dear Mr Chercover: 

Would you like to know what I don't 
need at 9 am? I don't need CFTO editor- 
ializing in its news coverage of the 
United Church's recent analysis of 
homosexuals and the church. 

The news report on Toronto Today by 
Mr Emerson on Friday, March 30 re- 
ferred to openly gay people as "self-con- 
fessed" gays and then went on to com- 
pletely distort the analysis of references 
to homosexuality in the Bible by saying 
that the church had examined references 
which "clearly define homosexuality as 
a sin." The analysis actually states that 


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The year was 1880. Whitman made the trip to 
London, Ontario to visit his biographer- 
benefactor, Richard Maurice Bucke. Peter 
Doyle, Whitman's young friend and the 
subject of many letters, joined him in Niagara 
Falls for a few days before they journeyed back 
to Camden, Connecticut. The Archives has a 
copy of Walt Whitman's Diary in Canada. 

R)i UNl:>ians 

Box 639, Station A, 
Toronto, Ontario, 
C^anada M5W1C2 



post*er, n. An advertising sheet uniting pictorial image and printed letter- 
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or other surface. Syn.: broadside, proclamation, playbill, streamer, 
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Direct Dial: 

' ' Sometimes it feels like 
there is very little support out there for 
couples, and without that support it can 
be hard sometimes.' ' 

references in the Bible are unclear and 
are rooted in the primitive social un,der- 
standings prevalent more than two thou- 
sand years ago. 

As a counsellor at the University of 
Toronto Peer Counselling and Sexual 
Education Centre, I have had phone 
calls from gay people who are suicidal 
because of guilt based in religion, and I 
don't need any more of those either. 

Clean up your act. News reports are 
no place for homophobic moralizing. I 
just gave up CFTO news and will pass the 
word among your advertisers and my 
gay contacts. 
David J TUrner 


It would appear that the continuing 
health crisis, combined with a growing 
trend towards consepvatism in society at 
large, has prompted many people within 
the Gay community to pause and reflect 
on their current lifestyles. "Casual sex" , 
with multiple partners and "open rela- 
tionships" are now being seen by some 
in a different light. If what I hear in con- 
versation with friends and acquaintances 
is any indication, it would seem that a 
lot more people are finding the idea of a 
monogamous relationship attractive. 

At the same time, I find that so many 
Gay men have a defeatist attitude to- 
wards relationships. They are caught up 
in an oppressive mythology that states 
that the Gay male is innately incapable 
of maintaining a monogamous relation- 
ship and therefore that Gay relation- 
ships, at least the monogamous ones, are 
bound to fail. 

I find this attitude disappointing, and 
from personal experience I can tell you it 
is discouraging for those of us who are 
just starting out in a relationship to hear 
this sort of thing coming from the media 
and the people around us. It leads some 
people to believe that a couple of years 
at most is all they can expect; that soon- 
er or later someone is going to fuck up 
and that will be the end of it. 

What really pisses me off is that cer- 
tain men, when discussing the subject of 
Gay lifestyle, defend promiscuity as 
"the" Gay alternative. These men see 
monogamy as a straight institution, ir- 
relevant to the Gay experience, as some- 
thing that is imposed on us from the out- 
side that should be discarded. The logi- 
cal extension of their argument is that to 
be truly Gay and liberated, one must be 
promiscuous. Liberation for them seems 
to mean sexual licence. 

Vancouver recently hosted the first 
Annual Conference of BC Gays and 
Lesbians. Numerous workshops were 
offered, including several related to Gay 
lifestyle. I chose one called "Promiscu- 
ity, Monogamy, or...?" The title in- 
trigued me and I looked forward to 
hearing various views on the subject 
from all sides. About thirty Gay men 
and womyn attended that Saturday 
workshop. To my disappointment, the 
brief time that we had was mostly spent 
avoiding any conflict. Promiscuity was 
protected like a sacred cow and alter- 
natives were never properly discussed. 

No wonder some people are finding it 
hard to feel some sense of Gay commun- 

ity. How can we believe in a community 
when the most vocal among us hold to 
the myth that its basic unit of two loving 
people is unrealistic and bound to fail? 
What a pile of crap! It is this oppressive 
mythology, preached by jaded "I told 
you so's," that is going to decimate and 
eventually destroy us, not AIDS! 

Sometimes it feels like there is very little 
support out there for couples, and with- 
out that support it can be hard some- 
times. When problems arise, it can be 
just so easy for some of us to pack our 
bags and run away rather than stay put, 
face the problem head-on and work 
things out. Our partner is our mirror 
and being in a relationship makes it dif- 
ficult if not impossible to avoid our true 
selves reflected in that mirror. We are 
forced to deal with ourselves as we really 
are and that can be upsetting. 

Being with my Lover has changed 
every aspect of my life. Sometimes it 
feels like I've been turned upside down 
and given a good shake, and this has 
been frightening at times. With all of 
this, it might seem to some that main- 
taining a relationship is a lot of hard 
work. Well, you're right, sometimes it is, 
but let's not fool ourselves into thinking 
that "hard" means impossible. 

It is about time that our perceptions 
of relationships changed; that rather 
than seeing them as a liability agd a loss 
of some of our personal freedoms, they 
be seen more as a source of strength, a 
challenge and an opportunity for learn- 
ing and growth. When we allow this 
change in our perception to finally hap- 
pen, then we can truly say that Gay 
Liberation has begun! 

James Johnstone 

Our omission 

In our IVIarch 1984 issue, we failed to 
include the name of the artist in the 
credit line for the illustration accom- 
panying Catherine Bennett's review 
of Mary Meigs's The Medusa Head. 

The illustration, from the cover of 
the book, is, in its original form, a 
40" by 40" fresco of "plaster, wood, 
acrylic and passion" done by Jovette 
Marchessault. Ms Marchessault is 
also the author of The Saga of the 
Wet Hens, published by Talonbooks 
in an English translation by Linda 
Gaboriau in December 1983. 

Our apologies to Ms Marchessault 
for the omission. 

The Body Politic welcomes your letters. 
Address them to: Letters, The Body Politic, 
Box 7289, Stn A, Toronto, ON M5W 1X9. 



"In and of itself, sexual orientation 

should not be a factor in determining 

membership in the order of ministry of 

the United Church of Canada." 

This is the principal conclusion of 
the long-awaited report from the 
Task Force of the Division of 
Ministry, Personnel and Educa- 
tion (MP & E) of the United 
Church of Canada on the subject "Sex- 
ual Orientation and Eligibility for the 
Order of Ministry." 

In March, when the church's Division 
of Mission in Canada published its Draft 
Statement on Human Sexuality, a follow- 
up to its 1980 report "In God's Image... 
Male and Female," many people were 
surprised that it did not address the ques- 
tion of ordination for gay and lesbian 
candidates, especially in the light of the 
gay-positive affirmations in the sexual 
orientation section of the report. Mem- 
bers of the committee that authored the 
report explained that another report deal- 
ing with that topic was in the works. 

In the months between the two reports, 
curiosity reached a fever pitch within the 
church and in the community at large. 
Some groups within the United Church, 
however, were not prepared to wjiit until 
the report was made public to voice their 
objections to the possibility of gay and 
lesbian clergy. At a meeting of the Toron- 
to Area Presbytery on March 13, Rever- 
end Bill Thorneloe of Victoria Park Uni- 
ted Church presented two petitions to the 
assembly. Both asked that the United 
Church not ordain people who declare 
themselves to be active homosexuals. The 
petitions originated with the Victoria 
Park congregation and the Scarborough 
West Zone. 

The chair of the Presbytery meeting 
allotted fifteen minutes for discussion of 
the petitions. A heated debate ensued — 
but not about the petitions. Instead, 
people at the meeting challenged Thome- 
loe's right to present the petitions at all. 
Only two people (of the two hundred or 
so present) spoke about the contents of 
the petitions. Both speakers alluded to 

As time for discussion threatened to 
run out, no decision had been reached. 
The chair called for a vote on the motion, 
that the petition be transmitted to the 
General Council with concurrence. The 
Reverend Eilert Frerichs, chaplain at 
Hart House at the University of Toronto, 
rose to his feet and demanded to speak 
"on a point of personal privilege." He 
announced that he was speaking on 
behalf of "the ten percent of the people 
in the United Church who are lesbian and 
gay, the ten percent of clergy, the ten per- 
cent of the people in this room . ..." As he 
urged the congregation not to accept the 
petitions, Frerichs invited the church "to 
undo two thousand years of injustice." 
Scattered applause and shocked silence 
followed his speech. The chair again 
asked for a vote on the motion. It was de- 
feated by a substantial majority; in fact, 
the only people who voted in favour were 
three men from the sponsoring church. 

Reactions to the United Church report 
have been strong and varied. To allow the 
church time to study and discuss the issue 
on the basis of the report, the authors 
maintained secrecy about the contents as 
it was being written. After it was ap- 
proved by the Division, several church 
leaders were told of the recommendations 
so they could prepare positions. There 
were no breaches of secrecy. 

Opposition to the report is based on 
several arguments. First and foremost is 
the interpretation of the Bible. Jesus 
Christ never mentions homosexuality; the 
Christian church must rely on other sour- 


A long-awaited report — praised as a step 

toward overcoming 2,000 years of oppression; 

condemned as pandering to sin. 

ces in Scripture for a position on sexual- 
ity. The passages most often quoted by 
those who view gay sex as unacceptable 
— or worse — are the story of the de- 
struction of Sodom and Gomorrah, in 
Genesis, a passage from the "Holiness 
Code" in Leviticus, and one in Deutero- 
nomy which seems to condemn homosex- 
ual activity. But, as the report notes. 
Biblical scholars have questioned the 
King James translation of Deuteronomy. 
Many experts have concluded that the 
passage refers not to homosexuals but to 
"temple prostitutes." The "sodomites" 
referred to in the King James version of 
the book of Deuteronomy are actually 
male prostitutes of the Caanite cult of 
Baal who engaged in sex probably with 
both male and female initiates during fer- 
tility rites. And, as Frank Meadows, 
Chair of the Division of MP & P., pointed 
out, the actual meaning of the passage is 
irrelevant, because many of the proscrip- 
tions in the "Holiness Code" have been 
set aside. His favourite example: children 
who arc disrespectful of their parents arc 
no longer stoned lo death, although the 
Code indicates that they must be. 

Eilert Frerichs believes that the battle 
being fought now is not about homosexu- 

ality, but about the authority of the Bible 
in the Church. He says that "the real mir- 
acle about God and humankind is that 
She makes Herself known through very 
fallible, very ordinary, very human 

There are those who maintain that 
homosexuality is a sin and that gay 
people who are sexually active and have 
no intentions of becoming celibate or het- 
erosexual are unrepentant sinners. Frank 
Meadows says that we are all sinners; if 
all sinners were kicked out of the church, 
he points out, the churches would be 
empty. Frerichs concurs. "All of us, when 
God confronts us in utter and deliberate 
humiliation on the cross on Good Friday, 
are made aware of our sins.' ' 

Christians see Jesus as a liberator of the 
oppressed. "Justice" and "liberation 
from oppression" are terms used by those 
who support ordination for gay men and 
lesbians. To Frerichs, gay liberation is a 
"denial of the powers of the oppressor." 
He believes thai the United Church re- 
port is "faithful lo what is best in ihc 
Christian tradition: it names our own 
demons in the Church, and through the 
art of repentance tries to exorcise ihcm " 

The report asks the church to repent 
the homophobia it has exhibited, in the 
past, and to repent its contribution to the 
oppression of gay people. Bill Siksay of 
Affirm, an organization of gays and les- 
bians in the United Church, said that the 
writers of the report "stopped short of 
naming homophobia as prejudice." 
There are people in the church, he says, 
who have skills in dealing with prejudice. 
He hopes those people will be called on to 
counsel church members who find it hard 
to accept the idea of gay clergy. Such in- 
ternal support may help prevent splits in 
the church. 

Members of Affirm spoke to the Task 
Force several times in the eighteen 
months during which the report was be- 
ing prepared. Siksay noted that gays and 
lesbians in the church have been "invisi- 
ble," so gay people who now want to ad- 
vise the church are perceived as "outsid- 
ers trying to get in," not as people who 
have been active in and committed to the 
church all along. He gave an example: at 
a preliminary Division meeting to discuss 
approval of the report, members of 
Affirm were asked to remain in the back- 
ground. It was feared that other people 
wouldn't be able to say what they really 

Members of Affirm support the 
report's recommendation. They hope 
that if the church intends to ordain gay 
clergy, procedures will be in place by 

Most of the people in favour of the re- 
port agree that ordination for homosexu- 
als is only a first step. Once ordained, gay 
people might, as things now stand, be 
subjected to intense scrutiny. What would 
be an "appropriate" lifestyle for gay 
Christians? The report states that "we 
would see long-standing fidelity, love and 
commitment among the key principles in 
any partner relationship, ruling out 
promiscuity for both heterosexual and 
homosexual persons." Perhaps the Uni- 
ted Church could follow the lead of the 
Anglican bishops. Although they have no 
policy on the ordination of gay clergy, 
most bishops, confronted with a candi- 
date for ordination who disclosed that he 
or she was gay, would ask the candidate 
to remain celibate. The bishops seem to 
base this decision on guidelines for heter- 
osexual candidates: since heterosexual 
clergy may not have sex outside marriage, 
and since homosexual "marriage" is not 
recognized by the church, all homosexual 
activity is outside of marriage, and there- 
fore inappropriate. 

The United Church of Canada sees sex- 
uality as a "gift from God," and so could 
not require that gay clergy remain celi- 
bate. Bill Siksy said that Affirm is "really 
happy with the lifestyle section of the 
report. There was fear that there would 
be imposition of a code of behaviour 
along with a positive recommendation." 
Affirm is presently involved in discus- 
sions about Christian lifestyle within gay 
and lesbian communities. There is hope, 
says Siksay, that the di.scussion can con- 
tinue internally before Affirm addresses 
the church. 

Bill Siksay and Eilert Frerichs seem 
confident that the report will be accepted 
at the meeting of the general council 
which lakes place in Morden, Manitoba 
in August. What happens if the church 
docs not accept the report? Neither Sik- 
say nor Frerichs is sure. But Frerichs 
hopes that gay members of the church 
would "stay in faithful struggle within 
the church and recall ihc church to what 
is best." 

Would a positive answer split the 
church, as some fear? Frerichs replied. 
"On an issue of justice, maybe the church 
has lo be split." 

(iilliiin Kod^erNnn 



Liaison committee cop goes spring cleaning 

' 'Gays and hookers are here to stay. 
We'd just like to see them controlled in 
such a way that they would not offend 
other people. " 

— Superintendant Ron Tarrant, 
' Calgary city police 

CALGARY — Gay people here are sure 
the police are up to something — but they 
don't know what. A gay-police liaison 
committee had been meeting, and 
everyone thought progress was being 
made. But maybe that was just wishful 

The trouble started in the first week of 
April, when the cops set up hidden cam- 
eras in the basement of Eaton's down- 
town department store. Over the next 
four days, they charged 12 men with 
gross indecency and committing indecent 
acts, the usual in washroom busts. The 
man who led the operation was none 
other that Bill Brinks, one of the two pol- 
ice officers who sit on the liaison commit- 
tee and, as inspector at District One, the 
man in charge of policing in the whole of 
downtown Calgary. "Gay liaison or no 
gay liaison, we have to enforce the Crim- 
inal Code," Brinks says. 

But the cameras were just the begin- 
ning. A week later, a police sweep of vid- 
eo porn outlets was extended to both lo- 
cations of Numbers, a store selling cards, 
sex toys, clothes and magazines, and 
which has the only substantial stock of 
gay reading material in town. Numbers 
ran the gay video mail-order service After 
Dark, which advertised in rsP until the 
bust forced them to pull their ad. The 
store also rented videos — straight and 
gay — and it was those the police were 
after. "I don't know yet how many of the 
videos were gay and how many were 
straight," Numbers owner Gerald Daiter 

told TBP at press time. The cops took 
away so much stuff that it took them sev- 
eral days to collect all the titles and file a 
charge. The police also took Djiiter's 
mailing lists, and the orders that were just 
about to be sent in the mail. Daiter has 
had to close his Vancouver outlet, which 
took care of most of the video trade. 

Wayne Gillis, Daiter' s lawyer, says 
businesspeople like his client try not to 
get in trouble with the cops, but deciding 
what meets community standards — and 
is therefore not obscene — is a subjec- 
tive task. The requirements vary from 
province to province, and perhaps even 
from city to city. However, Gillis says he 
has been told by some police detectives 
in Calgary that they have a list of titles 
they consider outside the law. They 
haven't shown the list to businesses, so 
people like Daiter don't know if they're 
breaking the law or not. "1 don't think 
the police give a sweet toot about this 
case," Gillis says. "1 think they have 
better things to do, but they had to do 
this because there was pressure." 

Other people in the sex industry are 
facing harassment and intimidation, 
too. More and more prostitutes (male 
and female) are being charged with 
minor offences, for example. Just 
enough to get them into the station for 
pics and prints and cause them trouble. 
Wayne Gillis says the cops are on a 
morality campaign. 

But Ron Tarrant, who was in the iden- 
tification unit when the police started 
taking random pictures of prostitutes 
recently, denies there's a clean-up effort 
underway. "Eaton's management was 
getting at least one call a day from 
people who were disgusted at the antics 
going on in the basement washroom. And 
the pictures of prostitutes were by mutu- 

al consent. Some of them get carved 
up, you know — not to mention cause 
a lot of inconvenience for people who 
live on the same streets where they 
carry on their trade. If they went to 
some place a little more out of the way, 
we probably wouldn't bother them. 
Gays and hookers are here to stay. We'd 
just like to see them controlled in such a 
way that they would not offend other 

Until a few weeks ago, the police and 
gay representatives had been meeting 
regularly, and work had begun on a gay- 
awareness film to be used in police train- 
ing. After the Eaton's arrests and the 
raid on Numbers, however, some gay 
people suggested the committee be 
disbanded and communications with the 
police be cut. Some people thought the 
police were using information obtained 
through the liaison committee against 
gay people. 

Bruce May, one of six gay people on 
the committee, emphatically denies 
that's the case. He admits, however, that 
Brinks and Cst Debbie Baker set the 
agenda and asked most of the questions 
when the meetings began last fall. He 
says that has changed. "The gay 
representatives always prepare for the 
meetings with the police and we arrive 
with the agenda. It's we who ask the 
questions now." 

The committee called an emergency 
meeting on April 1 3 and most of the 
more than 60 people who showed up 
were supportive of the committee; no 
one wanted it to disband. Instead, they 
put to rest some of the rumors that were 
born during the tough two weeks. Ed 
Sutherland, a gay businessman, reported 
that he'd been told by Police Chief Brian 
Sawyer that the city's baths would not 

be raided, contrary to rumours that were 
going around Calgary. A decision was 
made to set up a defense fund under the 
auspices of the city's Right to Privacy 
Committee to help the 12 men arrested 
at Eaton's. And the owners of Calgary's 
four gay clubs offered to let their places 
be used for fund-raising activities. "It 
was a very positive meeting," Bruce May 
says. "The people who came were sup- 
portive of the committee's work, even 
though we all realize there are always 
risks when you deal with the police." 

The meeting decided to keep dealing 
with the police, but more of their discus- 
sions will take place at public meetings. 
And gay people will insist that the police 
talk over problems with members of the 
community before they resort to raids 
and arrests. Glenn WheelerD 

The law hath no fury 
like a cop scorned 

JVELLAND — A Niagara Regional 
Police officer has launched a libel suit 
against a local magazine for an editorial 
that was printed after the December ar- 
rests of 33 men charged with washroom 
sex offences in Welland. 

William Thomas, editor of What's Up 
Niagara, wrote the article for the 
February issue. He described police 
surveillance methods as "another fan- 
tastic film by Niagara Regional Police, 
George Orwell producer." 

Thomas continues, "Sgt Bob Shan- 
non of the Niagara Regional Police in 
Welland woke up one morning, looked 
in the mirror and saw Steven Speilberg 
looking back at him. 'Holy Hollywood,' 
I imagine he said to himself as he rushed 
down to headquarters to assemble his 
film crew of about four other artistically 
inclined cops, whistling all the way, 
'There's No Business Like Show Bus- 
iness...' " Thomas called Shannon and 
his "company" "Privy Productions." 

"Gay liaison or no gay 

liaison, we iiave to enforce tiie 

Criminal Code" 


Smoothing ytwr «»d to security. 

Shannon's libel suit does not have the 
official backing of either the Niagara 
Regional Board of Commissioners of 
Police or the Niagara Regional PoHce 
Association. Thomas has consulted 
with, but not retained, Toronto lawyers 
Eddie Greenspan and David Roebuck. 

As for the sex charges: of the 33 men 
arrested, 15 have pleaded guilty. Eleven 
were fined $200, two were fined $150, 
there have been two conditional dis- 
charges, and another man's case has 
been adjourned until June, when the 
Ontario Court of Appeals will have 
made a decision on a similar case. In ex- 
plaining the different treatments of 
similar charges. Judge Marc Girard said 
that the men "have suffered a great 
deal" and that each case "must be con- 
sidered on its own facts." 

Ken Chaplin D 

Top cop condemns 
crack-down report 

VANCOUVER — Chief Constable 
Robert Stewart of the Vancouver Police 
Department has sent a letter to Mayor 
Mike Harcourt stating that the police are 
not "planning a crack-down on any reg- 
ular business location frequented by our 
gay community." The letter was the 
chief's attempt to quell fears that the 
police were contemplating raids on the 
city's steambaths and bars. 

At first, the gay community's fears 
appeared to be well-founded indeed. In 
early March, the City of Vancouver 
health department made a report avail- 
able to the press which cited police com- 
plaints about "sexual encounters" and 
sexually-transmitted diseases in baths, 
and the presence of juveniles in the baths 
and clubs. The report, which urged the 
implementation of minor structural 
changes to steambath cubicles, and 

called for "health education and better 
contact tracing" to combat STDs, pro- 
voked flamingly homophobic stories in 
the Vancouver Sun and other BC news- 
papers. In response to a March 7 Sun 
story entitled "Gay Clubs Recruit 
Juveniles," members of the gay commu- 
nity registered complaints with the city 
council's community services committee 
about being "singled out and targeted as 
a class of persons who have solicitied 
juveniles" (as activist Rob Joyce ex- 
pressed it). The committee's March 8 
meeting was attended by about 25 local 
activists who charged that the report 
contained "grave and slanderous" 

Meanwhile, the story took an unex- 
pected turn. Chief Constable Stewart, 
who had previously refused to counter- 
sign the health department's report, res- 
ponded to the complaints by calling a 
special meeting of the city's Police/Gay 
Liaison Committee March 20. He told 
the meeting that "when I first saw the 
headline in the media, I was pissed off." 
He and Staff Inspector Joe Swan, head 
of the vice squad, explained that state- 
ments were actually complaints made in 
1978 about theoperationsof a steam- 
bath which subsequently went out of 
business. The small number of recent 
complaints police had received were not 
dealt with in the report. Furthermore, 
Swan stated, police oppose the report's 
recommendations that city bylaws 
should be changed to allow steambaths 
to install locks on cubicle doors, and to 
eliminate the regulation space now re- 
quired beneath doors. He indicated that 
police did not wish to lose the potential 
control of steambath activities that the 
current bylaws permit. 

Under pressure from gay members of 
the Liaison Committee, Stewart agreed 
to write to the mayor and all alder- 
persons in order to make it clear that the 
police department dissociated itself from 

Unstandard life 

Trying to bridge their 
credibility gap? 

It could be Stanley Park in Vancouver. It 
could be Riverdale in Toronto. It doesn 't 
take a magnifying glass to see that this 
idyllic couple gazing fondly at each other on 
a willow-draped bridge is two men. But if 
you think you recognize that look, think 
again. They're actually talking about securi- 
ty, life insurance even. Why else would they 
be gracing the Standard Life Assurance 
Company's new poster? 

According to the company's public rela- 
tions department, the focus of the shot is 
not the men at all — it's the bridge. Would 
you believe it 's part of an ad campaign to 
' 'establish a franchise on bridges ' ' for 
Canada 's oldest insurance company? Why 
else would they have gotten all those calls 
about it? And why the painted-on sun- 
glasses? The next poster will probably 
feature a man and a woman, concedes Tony 
Brown of Standard Life 's head office. A 
future ad could feature two women, he 
says, just ' 'to cover the whole spectrum. ' ' 
Uh huh. 

We just hope no one lost a job over the 
first one. 

the allegations which had been made in 
the press. Harcourt's office informed 
TBP that the letter, now received, calls 
the Sun's coverage "unfortunate and 
inflammatory." It also states: "The 
Vancouver police department is proud of 
the open dialogue and trust that exists 
with the gay community, (and) I intend 
to see that this trust continues. . . .' ' 

Despite these assurances, the police 
department has made it clear that they 
still intend to keep an eye out for possi- 
ble illegal activity in the baths. For the 
moment, though, pressure exerted by 
the Liaison Committee and other watch- 
ful gay activists keeps the police out of 
Vancouver's baths and clubs. 

Don Larventzd 


Solving the mysteiy 
of ten missing pages 

TORONTO — In what is fast becoming 
a not-so-charming tradition. Torso 
magazine has been censored once again. 
Ten pages, featuring a portfolio of S/M 
drawings and an S/M photo spread, 
were torn out of the May issue of the 
magazine prior to distribution. 

Earlier this year, the February issue of 
Torso hit the stands in Canada with eight 

and a half otherwise-blank pages boldly 
stamped "censored." Certain articles 
and ads failed to satisfy Canadian Cus- 
toms and Excise inspectors, who had 
examined the magazine's contents 
before they were printed. Instead of 
revising or replacing the articles. Varsity 
Publications, Torso's publisher, chose to 
print the Canadian run of the issue with 
blank pages clearly marked to show that 
the omissions weren't their idea. 

The May issue managed to clear the 
border but did not reach the stands in- 
tact. The removal of ten pages was rec- 
ommended by a group that calls itself the 
Ontario Advisory Committee of the 
Periodical Distributors of Canada (PDC). 
Their reason: fear of prosecution. 

When the prohibited importations 
section of the Department of National 
Revenue's Customs and Excise Branch 
found problems with the advance proofs 
of Torso's February issue, they were bas- 
ing their decision on their interpretation 
of "acceptable community standards." 
If material is deemed through this rou- 
tine screening procedure to be "un- 
acceptable," it is sent back to publishers 
with demands that black dots be printed 
over the offending images before the 
magazine can be sold in Canada. 

Although all types of magazines are 
censored, according to PDC member Ed 
McKin, in the last year more attention 
has been given to gay magazines 
because, in his opinion, "The commu- 
nity feels they are going a little too far." 

Unfortunately, this screening pro- 
cedure does not guarantee that a maga- 
zine cleared for Canadian distribution 
will be immune from prosecution by 
local police under the federal obscenity 
laws. If the police think the publication 
is obscene, all parties connected with the 
magazine — from publisher to distribu- 
tor to retailer — are liable to charges. 

Members of PDC, an association of 
magazine wholesalers, have endured 
many such charges over the years for 
carrying titles that were in contravention 
of the Criminal Code. To save them- 
selves expense and months of court time, 
PDC formed a "self-regulating" body 
called the Ontario Advisory Committee, 
composed of three "experts" who ad- 
vise PDC members which titles they 
think are likely to be charged. The 
wholesaler and publisher consult about 
the OAC's advice and one or the other 
decides to take the risk or to make the 
suggested changes. 

Jack Shapiro, who represents PDC on 
the Book and Periodical Development 
Council's Freedom of Expression Com- 
mittee, says the OAC "is not an ideal sit- 
uation and no one is more aware of it 
than we are. But it's not an ideal situa- 

The artists ' portfolio that wasn 't: pages 26 and 31 — two of the remaming four pages of what 
would have been an eight-page feature of drawings by Rex in the May issue of Torso. 






AUG. 2 -6, 1984 

fun 8- gaymes 


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Upstairs dance floor 
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When in Vancouver 
join us at Buddy's 

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When in Vancouver 

m^t Casitle ^ub 

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ySO Granville Street 







Present This Ad for 
FR€E Admission on Weekends 

tion to end up in court all the time 
either. We've attempted to resolve it by 
trying to meet our sense of responsibility 
to the community." 

That "responsibility to the commu- 
nity" sometimes leads distributor and 
publisher to compromise, which is what 
happened with Torso. Master Media, the 
distributor, and George Mavety, chair- 
man of Varsity Publications, agreed to re- 
move the "offending" pages. According 
to Shapiro, such a solution is a rare 
occurrence, happening about once a year. 

With all this wheeling and dealing, no 
one involved in a magazine's sale seems 
concerned that freedom of expression is 
being violated. The producers are not 
the only ones who seem unconcerned. 
Jearld Moldenhauer, owner of Glad Day 
Books in Toronto, has placed the May 
issue of Torso on display with a note 
warning buyers that several pages are 

missing. According to Moldenhauer, 
customers read the sign without reaction 
and buy the magazine anyway. 

John MoreauD 

Orr's appeal victoiY 
overturns precedent 

TORONTO — Former Glad Day Booi^s 
employee Kevin Orr won the appeal of 
his obscenity conviction March 30 when 
the Ontario Court of Appeal overturned 
a guilty verdict and ordered a new trial. 

After a four-day trial that ended 
March 4, 1983, Orr had been convicted 
— and given a conditional discharge — 
for possessing Come Watch and The 
Lealhermen while at work in the city's 
only gay bookstore. 

Appeal Court Judge Ian Cartwright 

concurred with defence lawyer Dianne 
Martin's argument that trial judge David 
Vanek made an error in law in finding 
the two magazines obscene based partly 
on the Hicklin test for obscenity rather 
than on the community standards of 
tolerance test, which superseded it. 

Martin argued that the Hicklin test, 
which determines obscenity by whether 
material "tends to deprave and corrupt 
those whose minds are open to such im- 
moral influences," was "rejected by the 
Supreme Court of Canada as having no 
application for an objective determina- 
tion of what is obscene." Vanek fell into 
a subjective assessment of the material, 
she said, because he failed to give due 
weight to objective evidence before him 
— for example, that the same material 
was available in 49 other stores and no 
complaints were received about it. This 
evidence, according to Martin, should 

have demonstrated to the judge that the 
magazines fell within the community 
standards of tolerance. 

Orr and his counsel were "thrilled" at 
Cartwright's decision, which allows 
them the chance to strike down a prece- 
dent that severely limits the legal depic- 
tion of gay sex, and which was being fre- 
quently cited in the prosecution of gay- 
male magazines seized from corner 
variety stores in Toronto. 

A date for the second trial has not yet 
been set . Chris Bearchell D 

Got a hot news tip? 

If you know somethinK you 

think everybody else should too, 

call The Body Politic and tell us 

about it. Confidentiality 


(416) 364-6320 



Support on life's emotional roller-coaster 

In the winter of 1983, Harvey Hamburg, 
Robert Trow, Leo Mittemi, Bill Lewis 
and Stephen Atkinson began organizing 
what would become the AIDS Committee 
of Toronto (ACT). In April of that year, 
Gays in Health Care and Hassle Free 
Clinic sponsored an information meeting, 
out of which came a list of volunteers. 
And on April 26, ACT held its first 

A main objective was to set up a sup- 
port group for persons with AIDS. ACT 
volunteers would deal with employers 
and landlords; they would provide trans- 
portation, cleaning and other services to 
help a person deal with AIDS in comfort 
and with dignity; and, if necessary, they 
would provide financial help. 

AlDSupport has dealt with 13 patients, 
five of whom have died. Those with AIDS 
must come to the group through the rec- 
ommendation of a doctor or friend. 
AlDSupport does not solicit clients. 

A health-care worker, newly arrived in 
Toronto, came to ACT, not because he 
feared he might have AIDS, but because 
he needed help in dealing with a patient at 
the hospital where he nursed. He was the 
only nurse dealing with the patient, and 
later was with him when he died. 

"On one hand, I had to be the profes- 
sional nurse; on the other, the friend. I 
had become quite close and wanted to 
cry. It was hard but I managed to hold 
back the tears. I went to the ACT office 
because I needed to share what I was feel- 
ing. I had to talk it through with people 
who would understand." 

Members of AlDSupport include a 
number of health-care workers. I spoke 
with Dr Dale McCarthy, a rheumatolo- 
gist, Dr Stephen Atkinson, a psychiatrist, 
and Dr Rosemary Barnes, a psychologist. 
All have dealt with patients going through 
changes of lifestyle, and all have dealt 
with the process of dying. They have 
worked closely with patients and their 
lovers, families and friends. 

"You want to be brave," says Stephen. 
"You want to believe you could face this 
yourself, if necessary. By helping some- 
one else, you are proving that you can in 
fact deal with death. 

"The man I dealt with for several 
months died in November. Not only did I 
get close to him, but I was greatly im- 
pressed with his best friend, who came to 
the hospital daily. He did what I hope I 
could do for my best friend. 

"I think it would be easier for me to 
deal with having the disease than to deal 
with watching a friend die — to be able to 
show up day after day and put on the 
brave front, to be strong for both of us, 
to always have hope." 

"AIDS has forced us to look at our 
own mortality," says Rosemary. "None 
of us planned to confront death at the age 
at which we are being forced to do so. 
And, in the case of AIDS, it seems so un- 
fair, so much an unlucky draw of the 

"We have an aversion to discussing 
death and the process it involves. It forces 
us to re-order our lives, to decide again 
what is important. Time takes on a new 
vitalness. We realize we don't have end- 
less amounts of time." 

Not all those in AlDSupport are profes- 
sional health-care workers. Lind^ Boyd 
works in the computer Held, but has had 
experience dealing with cancer patients. 
"My client took me on an emotional 
roller-coaster ride," Linda recalls. "He 
was constantly testing me, partly, I think. 

Forcing us to look at our own mortality: Doctors Rosemary Barnes and Dale McCarthy. 

because I'm a woman and partly because 
I'm healthy. He tried to shock me, make 
me blush, make me say 'I told you so.' It 
wasn't until later that he spilled out his 
true feelings. He's out of the hospital 
now. He didn't have AIDS, but rather 
ARC (AIDS Related Complex). I haven't 
heard from him lately, but he knows the 
line is always open." 

Right now, with few cases to keep vol- 
unteers active, AlDSupport is going 
through a transition. 

"We are using this time to help each 
other," says Dale. "Being in this group 
has affected each of us differently, and 
it's important to be able to express our 
feelings and to know there is help within 
the group." 

People become involved in organiza- 
tions for a number of reasons. Some are 
looking for a support system; others want 
to repay groups that helped them come to 
terms with their sexuality; others are 
looking to meet a lover. Whatever the 
reason for joining, it usually doesn't take 
long to realize the value of the group and 
to see the need to continue working. But 
some people overextend themselves. They 
sign up for one too many committees. 
Soon they see their friends drifting away, 
soon they tire of endless meetings, soon 
they stop showing up. 

If ever there was a group that had 
"potential burn-out" stamped on it, it is 
AlDSupport. The five members I inter- 
viewed were all, with one exception, fam- 
iliar faces. I had seen them across meeting 
tables or lecture halls. They are hard- 
working professionals who manage to 
balance work, home and social responsi- 
bility. In AlDSupport they have the added 
emotional stress of watching someone 
fight death. 

Yet none of the five was ready to quit; 
none regretted the time they gave. All 
wanted to be able to do more, and all 
wished there had been no need for their 

I don't want to canonize these five 
people. There arc others in AlDSupport 
with whom I didn't speak, and in ACT 
and other organizations across the coun- 
try who have worked endlessly, without 
recognition from the community. But the 
group in AlDSupport is special: they have 
met a challenge few of us have wanted to 

acknowledge, let alone meet face-to-face. 
And those who would thank them most 
are not alive to do so. 

This group w£is in part pushed on by 
the courage of Peter Evans, who died 
January 7. He shared his experience with 
the Canadian people and with his own 
community. He tried to take the stigma 
away from AIDS. 

"We don't want to sound hokey or 
maudlin," says Linda, "but it is impor- 
tant to AlDSupport, and I'm sure to 
everyone in ACT, that Peter's courage 
and inspiration be noted. He really did 
move us." 

In this cynical age, one tends to hold 
back on praise. Talk of heroes and 
bravery and inspiration seem to indicate a 
lack of sophistication and an overabun- 
dance of idealism. For the most part we 
each do what we have to do. Occasionally 
we are called upon to do more. To those 
who do, a vote of thanks. 

Stephen FontaineD 

Awareness plans get 
local media spotlight 

WINDSOR — This city's Lesbian and 
Gay Community Services Group 
(LGCSG) got an early start on their 
major community education project 
with a unanimous rejection by City 
Council of a request to declare the last 
week of May "Gay Awareness Week." 

The proposal was also opposed by Dr 
Walter Percival, who denounced the 
"promotionof away of life that spreads 
a lethal disease," and Dr Robert McGirr, 
president of the Essex County Medical 
Association, who called the request "a 
little out of line" in light of the develop- 
ment of AIDS. 

LGCSG has been planning the week of 
films, seminars and panel discussions for 
the past several months. During this 
time they have engaged in low-key 
lobbying of the eleven-member city 
council, five of whom arc affiliated with 
the New Democratic Party. Several 
NDPers, including Mayor Elizabeth 
Kishkon, declined to meet with the 
group. Others were more supportive, in- 
cluding a couple of non-NI)P members. 

The gay group requested the topic be put 
on City Council's agenda for April 9. 

The Saturday before, the Windsor 
S?ar carried a small item reporting that 
LGCSG's request was on the agenda and 
that the city had turned down a similar 
request in 1978. The follow-up story 
after the Monday council meeting was 
headlined: "Aldermen balk at endorsing 

The LGCSG's presentation to council 
was delivered in a matter-of-fact fashion 
by spokesperson Jim Monk. He outlined 
the topics the week will deal with, inclu- 
ding health issues ranging from physical 
fitness to AIDS and STDs, human rights 
issues ranging from local instances of 
discrimination to the United Church 
debate on ordination, and other current 
issues such as pornography. One of the 
key purposes of the week. Monk told the 
aldermen, is to "raise political aware- 
ness among that proportion of your con- 
stituents who are gay." He said, "We are 
not asking you to endorse the gay life- 
style — there is no one gay lifestyle, just 
as there is no one heterosexual lifestyle. 
We are asking for support for our com- 
munity in our time of need." 

Percival, who lead the doctors' opposi- 
tion, labeled the proposed week of activ- 
ities "dangerous propaganda" that 
would give "an aura of respectabihty" to 
homosexuality. "We simply should not 
have a sex week of any kind," he said. 

Leading the retreat from the left was 
black community spokesperson Howard 
McCurdy, who will contest Justice Min- 
ister Mark MacGuigan's Windsor riding 
for the NDP. McCurdy, who has a repu- 
tation for defending civil rights, said, 
"There are some of us who really accept 
homosexual behaviour, (but) we're not 
ready to raise it to the level of endorsa- 
tion." He said that AIDS is not a prob- 
lem for all homosexual men, just those- 
who are "promiscuous," and that he in- 
tended to attend gay awareness events. 
He still couldn't see his way to support- 
ing a council proclamation. 

Many local gay people are disgusted at 
the role of the NDP in all of this. Monk 
observes. "They just can't see any dif- 
ference between what (NDPers) do and 
what the moral majority-types do." 

"With six weeks to go, gay awareness 
week has already started," Monk said 
after the council vote. LGCSG's request 
for the proclamation was the lead story 
on local TV news two nights in a row. 
Monk is scheduled for a live CBC-TV 
debate with Percival the following week 
and he's been doing radio interviews 
from the fioor of the Chrysler plant 
where he works. Gay awareness week 
promises to be one of the best publicized 
series of events ever held in the Windsor 
gay community. 

"Our fair-weather progressive friends 
believe the electorate would skin them 
alive for supporting us," says Monk. 
"But 1 don't believe it. There are too 
many out-of-the-closet gay men and 
women here. All indications we've been 
getting are that, as usual, the politicians 
are further behind, and further to the 
right of, the people in our city." 

Chris Bearchell 


Unionists harassed 
by lesbianism rumour 

LONDON — Isobel C.oligher, once 
head of the data-processing operations 
of this city's branch of the federal 
department of Supply and Services, has 
been out of work for the past three 
years. She was harassed into resigning by 





730 Bathurst Street 

Toronto Ontario 


Rev Brent Hawkes, B Sc, B Ed, Pastor 

An Ecumenical Christian Church for all people 
with a special ministry to the Gay community 

What we believe 


Now faith is the assurance of 

things hoped for, the 

conviction of things not 

seen.... For whoever would 

draw near to Cod must believe 

that God ex/sts. ... HEBREWS ni.e 


...a spirit of wisdom and of 

revelation in the knowledge of 

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may know what is the hope to 

which Cod has called 

yOU....EPHESIANS 11 7-18 


Love is patient and 

kind. ..rejoices in the 

right... bears all things, believes 

all things, hopes all things, 
endures all things... never ends. 

1 CORINTHIANS 13:4, 6-8 

So faith, hope, love abide, 
these three; but the greatest of 
these is love. i corinthians i3:13 

Worship Services 


at 7:30 pm 


at 11:00 am & 7:30 pm 

With Singspiration 1 5 minoles before services 

SurxJay School is provided 
every Surtday am service 

Amplification for the hearing imfMiied 

Wheelchair accessibility 

On the first and last Sunday of each riKMith 
both wonhip setvKes will be signed for the deaf 

Instrumental Ensemble* 

Tuesday at 6:30 pm 


Thursday at 7:00 pm 

•Church meiTibership is not 

required for participation in 

these groups. 

her government bosses, she says, and 
one tactic they used was to circulate 
rumours that she was gay. 

Goligher claims she resigned "under 
duress" and that she has taped conversa- 
tions with her former employers that 
substantiate her allegations. Until now 
she has withheld the tapes because they 
may jeopardize the jobs of some of her 
friends still working at the department, 
but internal means of regaining her posi- 
tion have failed and she may be forced 
to make the tapes pubHc before the end 
of the month. 

Isobel Goligher told reporters during 
a demonstration outside the office where 
she used to work that she isn't gay; her 
real "crime" is trade unionism. Until 
she resigned, Goligher and a friend who 
worked for her in data processing were 
active members of their local of the 
Public Service Alliance of Canada 
(PSAC). She and her friend, who was 
then president of the local, were 
attempting to resolve the grievances of 
fellow employees. 

No one factor was decisive, but by 
August, 1981, Goligher felt she was 
under severe stress. Senior officials 
pressured her to up-grade the perfor- 
mance of the staff in her office. Other 
workers also felt they were being har- 
assed, and Goligher was told to give up 
her association with the union president 
or she would be fired. 

Finally, management concocted ru- 
mours of a lesbian affair between the 
two women. Goligher could no longer 
withstand the accumulating pressure, 
and she submitted her resignation. 
Later, department officials refused to 
consider her retraction. 

Bill Dennis, PSAC's London-area 
council president, who has heard Goli- 
gher's tapes, confirms that management 
threatened to fire Goligher and spread 
rumours that Goligher was a lesbian. 

Dennis, Goligher and their fellow- 
union members have been creating pres- 
sure of their own. They knew manage- 
ment was capable of playing dirty, so 
they recorded all conversations with 
them. Then they garnered the support of 
17 other union locals, collected 1,000 
names on a petition, and began picket- 
ing the office. Their most recent public 
action, March 19, was brought to na- 
tional attention by one of the wire 

Charles Lapointe, Minister of Supply 
and Services, has been barraged with let- 
ters and phone calls, including pressure 
from Goligher's local MP, Liberal 
Charles Turner, federal New Democratic 
Party leader Ed Broadbent and opposi- 
tion leader Brian Mulroney. But three 
long, expensive years of fighting 
bureaucratic red tape still haven't got 
Isobel Goligher her job back. 

Bill Dennis is convinced that if the 
tapes were publicly released, "the con- 
flict would be resolved really quickly." 
Apparently one of the things on the 
tapes is a department official "quoting 
the director general as saying he 
wouldn't hire me back because I'm a les- 
bian," Goligher reports. MP TUrner is 
particularly interested in the tapes 
because they contain statements that 
contradict information provided to him 
by department officials. 

Goligher would prefer to have her job 
back through regular collective-bargain- 
ing channels, but she is prepared to 
make public the contents of the tapes. 
She hopes for a resolution no later than 
the end of the summer. Dennis is confi- 
dent that her case will he resolved. "It 
can't be to her complete satisfaction, but 
it won't be unemployment, either," he 

Jane Smith D 

Council firmly rejects 
rights-protection law 

WATERLOO — A coalition of gay and 
lesbian groups in Kitchener- Waterloo 
has reached an impasse with city council 
in a two-year-long fight to pass a by-law 
prohibiting discrimination on grounds 
of sexual orientation. 

On March 19, the coalition, which 
represents Gays and Lesbians of Water- 
loo and the Kitchener- Waterloo Gay 
Media Collective, presented Waterloo 
City Council with a 219-signature peti- 
tion demanding that they reconsider the 
by-law, presented in October 1983, 
which dealt with hiring and access to 
community services. Council refused the 

The Waterloo coalition struck back — 
and hard. An open letter, sent to council 
and to the CBC, called the council mem- 
bers "bigots." 

The letter, signed by Joe Szalai for the 
Kitchener- Waterloo Gay Media Collec- 
tive, accused council of refusing to meet 
with the groups "because we're gay." It 
called the actions of council a "disease" 
that hid ' 'under the guise of the 'new 
conservatism.' " Finally, the coalition 
offered to meet with council to explain 
their position. The meeting was neces- 
sary because councillor's "minds have 
great difficulty handling anything be- 
yond zoning by-laws and pay increases." 

The CBC has not responded to its copy 
of the letter. 

A second open letter went to the cor- 
porate headquarters of Hewlett-Pack- 
ard, a US computer firm considering 
opening a head office in Waterloo. The 
coalition suggested that Hewlett Pack- 
ard "keep in mind that the city council 
has not shown itself to be progressive." 
A decision by Hewlett-Packard to locate 
in Waterloo would be seen by the coali- 
tion as endorsing the council's stand. 

A spokesperson for Hewlett-Packard 
said in March that their decision to 
relocate was "unlikely to hinge" on the 
letter from the coalition. The California 
corporation subsequently decided in 
favour of relocating in Waterloo. 

Joe Szalai says that the coalition will 
continue to inform companies thinking 
of relocation in Waterloo about 
council's stand on the by-law. 

Robert Barron D 

Custody reassigned 
after lovers separate 

VANCOUVER — A British Columbia 
lower court decision separating three 
children from their lesbian mother has 
been overturned by the BC Supreme 
Court after the woman moved out of her 
lover's home and into an apartment of 
her own. 

The lower court decision, which came 
down in February, had placed the chil- 
dren with their father, and the mother's 
lesbianism was cited as a reason for the 
judgment. The Supreme Court heard the 
appeal March 9, and awarded custody to 


Quote of the month: 

"Eliminate scene of banana 
on pelvic area" 

— from the Ontario Censor Board's 
elimination list, a description of a 
scene cut from Emmanuelle et les 
Collegiennes, distributed by New 
World Mutual Film Company and 
submitted to the board in July, 1983. 

the mother. A change in the mother's liv- 
ing situation and the presentation of af- 
fidavits citing the children's preference 
for living with their mother were bases for 
the decision. 

Supreme Court Justice AIjui Mac- 
donnell labelled the woman's lesbian rela- 
tionship "unhealthy," but went on to 
state that the "children should go where 
they are the most comfortable." Macdon- 
nell also noted that the woman's relation- 
ship with her lover "had ceased to the ex- 
tent that (the women) are no longer in the 
same house." He made it clear, however, 
that he reserved the right to review the 
custody order in six months. 

The affidavits detailed the children's 
desire to remain with their mother and 
her lover. One document quotes her 
15-year-old son as saying that his 
mother's lesbian relationship was "better 
than my mother's relationship with my 
father." The father was described by his 
son as a violent-tempered alcoholic. 

Whether the women have reconciled 
following the Supreme Court decision is 
unknown. JaneSmithD 

NDPer Martin takes 
Mbrd Six council seat 

TORONTO — New Democrat Dale 
Martin won a comfortable victory April 
9 over tax lawyer Susan Eng, gay lawyer 
Peter Maloney and six other candidates 
in the race to become junior alderman 
for Toronto's Ward Six. Martin received 
6,546 votes, Eng 5,716, Maloney 1,133 
and other candidates a total of 524. 

On city council, Martin joins fellow 
New Democrat Jack Layton, the Ward 
Six senior alderman, giving the ward two 
NDP aldermen for the first time. 
Martin's victory also gives Toronto's gay 
community a second firm advocate on 
council. Both Martin and Layton have 
publicly pledged themselves to the full 
legitimation of gay people as a consti- 
tuent community of the city. 

Maloney' s vote was probably the most 
interesting outcome of the campaign. 
Starting very late, with Httle money and 
few campaign workers, he finished far 
short of victory, but also far ahead of 
the minor-candidates pack. Unlike 
George Hislop in 1980, Maloney was not 
stereotyped as "the gay candidate" by 
the media. Although he presented him- 
self as a protest candidate running in op- 
position to NDP designs on a second 
Ward Six seat, Maloney's campaign lit- 
erature, distributed mainly in North Jar- 
vis, the most densely gay quarter of the 
ward, outlined a full political pro- 
gramme that neither played up nor hid 
his gay political activities. 

Lee Zaslofsky, a gay activist who 
works as Layton's executive assistant, 
played a large role in the Martin cam- 
paign. He says campaign canvassing in- 
dicated that most gay people who voted 
chose Martin over Maloney. "Maloney 
played down the gay issue and didn't 
mobilize the gay vote," he suggests. 

Both Eng and Maloney say they will 
stand again in the 1985 general muni- 
cipal election, and they have discussed 
running together as a non-party 
minorities ticket against the two NDP in- 
cumbents. "It's certainly something we 
want from our gut," says Eng. "It boils 
down to whether we think we could do 
better together than separately." 

Martin says he's not worried about 
facing an Eng-Maloney alliance in 1985. 
"They both ran cynical campaigns," he 
says. "Eng had no reason to run and I 
don't think she'll try again." 

Unlike many previous municipal elec- 
tion, this by-election saw no involve- 

ment of gay organizations. The Gay 
Community Council had shown some 
interest in sponsoring an all-candidates 
meeting, but did not pursue the matter. 
The Right to Privacy Committee, which 
in previous years has held well-attended 
election meetings, did not do so in this 
campaign. RTPC chairperson Dennis 
Finlay explained that his group has to 
focus on fund-raising to the exclusion of 
some other activities. 

Senior alderman Jack Layton has in- 
vited input from the gay community 
during his first term, but seems to have 
received little response. Both Layton 
and Martin have commented that gay 
poUtical activity appears to be on a 
downswing in the city. It would be sad 
if, at the very moment when they have 
more possibility than ever before to in- 
fluence city policy, gay people chose in- 
stead to retreat into cynicism and 
poHtical indifference. Ken PopertD 

neighbours... thanks to the police, 
the liquor authorities 
or the mayor 

Buffalo, the blue-collar, conservative city 
of one million people in upstate New York, 
used to be nicknamed "the armpit of 
America." However, its more complimen- 
tary title is "The Queen City." So, as it 
happens, is Toronto's — and the similari- 
ties don't stop there. 

Like Toronto, Buffalo is a mecca for 
gay people from Ontario's Niagara penin- 
sula and from upstate New York; its police 
department hierarchy, like Toronto's, is 
anti-gay. Former Police Chief James Cun- 
ningham, shortly before he died of a heart 

attack in January, said, "Personally I'm 
against gay bars. They're an embarrass- 
ment to the city." Cunningham's replace- 
ment, like his predecessor, is seen as a pup- 
pet of Mayor James Griffin, who is an 
outspoken homophobe. Griffin, who is up 
for re-election next year, refers to the city's 
gay people as "fruits," "sexucil deviates," 
"queers," "faggots" and "fairies." He has 
compared homosexuals to people who de- 
fecate in alleyways. (It's appropriate to 
note that Buffalo also calls itself "The 
City of Good Neighbors.") 

To protest (and publicize) the mayor's 
attitude, Queen City Publishing Com- 
pany, a group of people of all sexual per- 
suasions, recently produced a slick, full- 
colour postcard which depicts five men 
(four of whom are Canadians) posing in 
drag in front of City Hall. The postcard is 
selling well in the city's bars. 

Most of Buffalo's six gay bars and two 
baths are in a four- or five-square-block 
area known as "the theatre district." The 

district is in the centre of a major down- 
town revitalization project, which will 
eventually include a rapid-transit system 
and a pedestrian mall. If Mayor Griffin 
has his way, the clean-up will also mean 
the eradication of the city's gay establish- 
ments, although Griffin maintains he is 
only concerned about alleged "irregular 
activities" at City Lights, Buffalo's largest 
gay bar. John Little, the bar's owner, has 
purchased a three-storey building that he 
plans to turn into a gay complex, including 
a piano bar, pizza parlour, dance floor 
and theatre /forum. 

In September 1983, police raided City 
Lights in what seemed to be a selective 
liquor-licence investigation. About one 
week later, they raided the bar again, but 
this time they also went to the nearby 
Diane Duffs Little Club, the Villa Capri 
and the Morgan Baths. A few days later. 
Mayor Griffin and Chief Cunningham be- 
gan another round of verbal gay-bashing. 

City Lights owner Little was charged 
with failing to notify the state liquor 
authority that he had changed the name of 
his corporation prior to renewing his 
licence in 1982. (On this charge. Little en- 
tered a "no-contest" plea.) He was also 
charged with "permitting improper forms 
of physical fondling and dancing by cus- 
tomers." Liquor authority investigators 
allege seeing men dancing closely, kissing 
and holding hands; one agent says he was 
approached by a bar patron and asked to 
have sex in the basement bar. Two other 
agents say they saw an older man put his 
hand in the open fly of a younger man, but 
weren't offended enough at the time to 
make arrests. They couldn't identify either 
man. Liquor authorities are still deciding 
what to do about the charges. 

Little said Mayor Griffin "probably 
wanted to make a big splash (in the theatre 
district) prior to the rapid transit system 
starting operation.... 1 think it backfired 
on him." 

While the police and state liquor author- 
ities were at work, a Buffalo man has been 
fighting an antiquated loitering law. His 
case, The People vs Uplinger, dates back 
to 1981, when Robert Uplinger, now 32 
years old, was arrested by an undercover 
vice-squad officer for "loitering for the 
purpose of deviate sex." The story began 
August 8 of that year, when Uplinger was 
walking home from a bar. He stopped to 
chat with a good-looking stranger who, 
when asked, denied he was an undercover 
cop. After walking about two blocks to- 
gether, Uplinger discreetly asked the man 
home. The stranger then arrested him. The 
New York State Court of Appeals ruled in 
Uplinger's favour, but that decision is be- 
ing appealed to the Supreme Court. The 
case is being viewed as a precedent-setting 
battle which might establish gay rights as a 
constitutional issue. A verdict is expected 
sometime this spring. 

As TAP goes to press, Buffalo's 
municipal government, called the "Com- 
mon Council," is considering a limited 
anti-discrimination ordinance that would 
help lesbians and gay men who are 
employed by the city or by firms holding 
private-sector contracts for city projects. 
The ordinance is largely the work of the 
lesbian and gay community, and is sup- 
porled by ten of the 12 city councillors. 
Even if, as is expected, Mayor Griffin ex- 
ercises his veto power, council could vote 
on the ordinance a second time and 
thereby overrule ihc mayor. 

The caption on the back of the Queen 
City Publishing Company's postcard reads 
"From Buffalo with Pride." Ironic? 
Perhaps a bit. But the ordinance would 
undoubtedly he a welcome milestone in the 
city's roller-coaster relations with its gay 
community. kenChaplin 




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Chatting with the Chief 

The chief of the largest municipal police 
force in Canada sits behind a huge 
wooden table in a room that has Ven- 
etian blinds to keep out the sun, and pic- 
tures of the Queen of England and her 
husband on the wall. He asks you to sit 
down; you have a choice of three chairs, 
but you pick the one in the middle so 
you can face him directly. 

This is Jack Marks, and it's nine days 
before he's to become acting chief of the 
Metropolitan Toronto police force, 
which boasts 5,200 cops, and one of the 
biggest per-capita budgets of any force 
in Canada. He still says "Deputy 
Marks" when he answers the telephone, 
and is still getting used to his new 
surroundings. "He (former chief Jack 
Ackroyd, soon to be vice-chairman of 
the Ontario Liquor Control Board) has 
allowed me to come in here because he's 
away this week," Marks says with a 
smile, sounding like a young guy bor- 
rowing the old man's car. 

Jack Marks: son of a jeweller, gradu- 
ate of Danforth Tech, elder at St An- 
drew's Presbyterian Church in Scarbor- 
ough. Father of three children, "all 
graduates of university," not one of 
them a cop. Fifty-seven years old, and 
married to his wife, Joyce, for 34 years. 
They go for a walk at 10:30 most nights, 
but he doesn't talk to her about police 
business. "It makes it easier for her if 
people ask her questions," he explains. 
They'll have $93,975 a year to throw 
around now, and it will no doubt come 
in handy in Florida, a favourite getaway 
from the 10- and 11-hour days and two 
or three evening commitments a week. 

Marks has been a cop for 33 years. 
Much of that time has been spent in 
traffic, but he has looked after divisions, 
been part of the planning department 
and served as an inspector for the police 
commission until he became deputy 
chief four years ago. This is a man who 
has spent all his working life being a 
Toronto cop. If he were in a private 
corporation, Marks would be expected 
to bring with him to his new position 
some fresh ideas, and to chuck out some 
of the dead wood in the ranks. Here, 
such initiative would be seen by people 
like Paul Walter, head of the Metro- 
politan Toronto PoUce Association, as a 
sign of the new chief being remiss in his 

Still, a change at the top raises a little 
bit of optimism in all of us, and Marks is 
asked what he thinks of the current state 
of police-gay relations. 

"I have to assume they're resonably 
not in bad shape," he answers. "I 
haven't had any calls from George or 
Peter for quite some time." 

The George is George Hislop and the 
Peter in Peter Maloney, both long-time 
gay activists. Maloney finished third (a 
very respectable third, considering the 
modest campaign work he did) in the by- 
election held last month to find a 
replacement for John Sewell on City 
Council. The reason Marks hasn't heard 
from Maloney or Hislop is simple. Both 
are still involved in a lengthy legal battle 
that began in 1981 when the police 
charged Maloney, Hislop and three 
others with conspiracy to live off the 
avails of crime in the operation of the 

Club Baths. Both Hislop and Maloney 
say it might be considered improper if 
they were to phone the chief of police 
while their charges were still before the 

What does Hislop think of the state of 
police-gay relations? 

"I could sit down with Jack Marks to- 
day and we'd talk about the same things 
we did ten years ago. Nothing has 
changed. The high-profile attacks (the 
1981 bath raids, the charges against TBP) 
may be behind us. But the low-profile 
harassment hasn't abated. They're using 
the same techniques against us that they 
used in the late '60s and early '70s — en- 
trapment in washrooms, slurs from pass- 
ing cruisers, dragging us through the 
courts on silly charges. They're still 
refusing to deal frankly and openly with 

Maloney says the tension is aggravat- 
ed by the lack of formal liaison between 
the police and the gay community. That 
process was begun two years ago, after it 
was recommended in the Bruner Report 
to City Council on police-gay relations. 
But the raids on Glad Day Bookshop 
and TBP, falling within 10 days of each 
other in April 1982, soon ended that. 
Gay representatives who had begun the 
preliminary discussions with the police 
saw that there was no goodwill on either 
side, and so chose not to continue. 

Opinion in the community was mixed, 
as it is to this day. There are many gay 
people who would like to see a resump- 
tion of dialogue, because they feel the 
fight for police reform is taking too 
much energy from other things. But 
there are few lesbians and gay men who 
don't know someone who's had trouble 
with the cops. It might be a lesbian 
friend who complains to the police 
about an assault, only to be ignored. Or 
it might be a gay guy who's had an 
undercover cop come on to him in the 
washroom of the Royal York Hotel and 
then arrest him when he took the bait. 

But there has been no major conflict, 
Maloney says. "There has been a con- 
scious decision in the gay community 
that there be no ongoing liaison with the 
police. I think that should be recon- 
sidered. There's a new chief and I think 
it would be just good politics for us to 
talk to him. If called on, I would be will- 
ing to be part of a committee chosen to 
talk to the police." 

Marks, in the first blush of office, 
would welcome such an initiative. "One 
of the things you have to maintain is 
community ties and links," he says, "We 
can't afford not to talk to these people." 

But the invective is never far below the 
surface, and Marks is quick to brand as 
troublemakers those who question the 
way his police force is run. "There are 
people in the gay community who want 
to create problems with the police. The 
majority, I would think, want to live in 
peace and harmony with everyone else. 
But you will always have a faction of 
people who want to create a problem." 

Perhaps Peter Maloney is right — 
maybe now is the time for dialogue. No 
one would be sorry if the hassles and en- 
trapment stopped. But before that hap- 
pens, there must be a wiUingness in the 
force to change. D 




The City opts for controls, not closure — but will it work? A report by Kevin Orr 

San Fraiua£i^o: the battle of the baths 

Shortly before noon on Monday, 
April 9, San Francisco Commis- 
sioner of Public Health, Dr 
Mervyn Silverman, told a packed 
press conference that his city's ad- 
ministration would seek an ordinance 
banning "all sexual activity between in- 
dividuEils... in public facilities in San 
Francisco where the transmission of AIDS 
is likely to occur." 

The debate that has been festering for 
more than a year about whether bath- 
houses should be shut down to prevent 
the spread of AIDS had finally come to a 
head in San Francisco. 

The meaning of the announcement? 
The city would not close down gay baths 
and private sex clubs — as Dr Silverman 
had intended to announce ten days earli- 
er. This was supposed to be a compro- 
mise solution: the baths would be allowed 
to remain open — as long as sex did not 
occur on the premises. 

Dr Silverman is no homophobe. In 
fact, for more than a year he has consis- 
tently resisted pressure to close the baths, 
pressure that was coming both from with- 
in and from outside the gay community. 
Countervailing forces had managed to 
keep the operation of the baths intact — 
at lecist until March 27. 

Among the early proponents of bath 
closure was Dr Robert Bolan, president 
of the San Francisco AIDS/KS Founda- 
tion, who in January 1983 wrote that, "If 
going to the baths is really Russian rou- 
lette, then the advice must be to throw the 
gun away, not merely to play less often." 

Another gay doctor who believes the 
baths should be shut is Marcus Conant, 
president of the National AIDS/KS Foun- 
dation. Then there's Harry Britt, San 
Francisco's gay Supervisor, and many of 
his supporters in the Harvey Milk Demo- 
cratic Club. Randy Shilts, the gay report- 
er for the San Francisco Chronicle, has 
been accused of forcing the bathhouse 
issue through selective reporting in his 
frequent front-page coverage. 

Others, however, have insisted that 
closing the baths would not prevent the 
spread of AIDS. They say the problem 
isn't where gay men have sex, it's how. 
Closing the baths would only shift sex to 
parks, washrooms 2md other places where 
gay men cruise, and the baths constitute 
central locations in which to distribute 
risk-reduction information. 

Another argument was often cited 
by Silverman himself: he told Ray 
O'Loughlin, a reporter for The Advocate, 
lasi August, "If you close the baths, 
people might get a false sense of security, 
thinking the problem is solved. It could 
shift focus from the real health issues to 
this other issue and result in creating a 

That, in fact, is pretty much what has 
been happening in San Francisco. 

• Tuesday, March 27: Larry Littlejohn, 
a gay deputy sheriff, filed notice that he 
was seeking the 7,332 signatures necessary 
to put the question of bath closure to a 
referendum vote in the city's upcoming 
fall elections. 

• Wednesday, March 28: Dr Conant re- 
ported to a meeting of 12 AIDS activists 
that Silverman was prepared to close the 
baths. The group voted ten-to-two in fa- 
vour of closure, and drew up a petition 
urging Silverman to take action. 

Commissioner Silverman: "If you close the baths, people might get a false sense of security' 

It's not clear why Silverman appeared 
to change his mind. It's possible that he'd 
finally succumbed to pressure from May- 
or Diane Feinstein, who will be playing 
host to the Democratic national conven- 
tion in the city in July, and from Roger 
Boas, the city's chief administrator and 
Silverman's boss. It's also possible Silver- 
man was convinced by gay activists who 
have his ear that the gay community was 
overwhebningly in favour of closing the 
baths. Some activists thought a referen- 
dum would fan the flames of homopho- 
bia; others may not have wanted the 
question on the ballot during Harry 
Britt's re-election campaign, fearing that 
highlighting the issue would lose him 
votes — a charge that Harvey Milk Club 
president Carol Migden, a Britt support- 
er, denies> 

• Thursday, March 29: Supporters of 
closiu-e sought signatures for their peti- 
tion. According to the Bay Area Report- 
er, "Allegedly only 16 names were ob- 
tained, with three doctors and two gay ac- 
tivists on the list later withdrawing their 
names." The petition was never sent to 

Word leaked out that Silverman was 
planning to announce closure of the baths 
at a press conference the next morning. 
On Thursday evening, he attended a 
meeting of 120 representatives from the 

Larry Littlejohn: "traitor extraordinaire" 

gay community. They demanded to know 
where the line would be drawn in surveil- 
lance of gay sex, and what effect the clos- 
ings would have on other cities. The 
crowd was overwhelmingly opposed to 

• Friday morning, March 30: Silverman 
met with Mayor Feinstein, Harry Britt, 
gay activists, doctors and representatives 
from the City Attorney's office. He ar- 
rived at his press conference almost an 
hour late and reported that, because of a 
need to consider "a number of issues, 
both legal and medical, not resolved at 
this point," he would delay his decision 
for at least a week. 

While demonstrators, some of them 
wearing bath towels, gathered outside 
chanting "out of the tubs and into the 
shrubs," Silverman denied any pressure 
from either gay activists or municipal pol- 
iticians. "This was done by me and solely 
by me," he said, "and not by anybody 
else in the city system, and that's the 
truth." He refused questions from report- 
ers, and then left. 

Sal Accardi, speaking for the Northern 
California Baths Association, said that 
lawyers were working to draw up an in- 
junction to prevent the baths from being 
closed: "We're going to fight this all the 
way to the Supreme Court." Over the fol- 
lowing ten days, bath owners sealed over 
glory holes and shut down orgy rooms. 

• Monday, April 2: The Stonewall Gay 
Democratic Club met to endorse can- 
didates for the Democratic County Cen- 
tral Committee election. Carol Migden, 
who had been active in the short-lived 
campaign to gamer signatures for the 
petition urging Silverman to close the 
baths, was not endorsed — the first time 
a president of the Harvey Milk Club had 
failed to get the nod fronrihe Stonewall 
Club. Other Harvey Milk members also 
failed to get nominated. 

• Thursday, .April 5: The Bay Area Re- 
porter ran an editorial by Paul Lorch en- 
titled "Killing the Movement," which 
named 16 "traitors," including Britt, 
Conant, Bolan, Migden, I ittlejohn (who 
was named "traitor extraordinaire") and 

others who signed the petition. "These 
people would have given away our right 
to assemble, our right to do with our own 
bodies what we choose, the few gains 
we've made over the past 25 years," 
Lorch wrote. 

• Sunday, April 8: Thirty representatives 
of gay organizations attended a private 
meeting with Silverman. The health com- 
missioner asked their support for a pro- 
posal that would appear to ban all sex at 
the baths, porn bookstores and sex clubs. 
But he said he wouldn't order the estab- 
lishments closed, nor would he actually 
prevent "safe" sex practices. 

Gay activists foresee serious problems 
with Silverman's proposals. One is the 
definition of "safe" sex — would only 
solitary masturbation, for example, be 
allowed? Another is the question of en- 
forcement; Silverman said he would rely 
on bath owners for enforcement, and 
that city health inspectors would drop by 
from time to time. A third problem is 
licencing — the city might not be able to 
specify what sex acts could occur in a 
licenced establishment — which would, 
by definition, become a public place, 
making any sex there illegal. 

• Monday, April 9: Silverman held his 
by-invitation-only press conference, 
where he described the proposed move as 
an "imperfect and incomplete solution." 

In this fractious debate, it's apparent that 
most gay community leaders didn't sup- 
port closure of the baths after all. It's not 
so clear what the San Francisco gay com- 
munity at large feels, although Greg Day, 
an executive member of the Alice B Tok- 
las Democratic Club, says, "There's no 
way the community supports this move." 
And the Bay Area Reporter's Paul Lorch 
writes, "This office has received more 
mail on this issue than any other. Not one 
letter backed the collaborators (who 
called for closure)." 

In other cities, there were negative 
reactions. Marvin Bogner, New York 
City's Assistant Health Commissioner, 
said April 10, "The City of New York 
does not plan to close any establishments 
which have predominantly lesbian or gay 
clientele, whether these establishments 
are bathhouses, restaurants or whatever. 
It's our belief that education is preferable 
to government intervention." 

And in Toronto, the city's Associate 
Medical Officer of Health, Dr Richard 
Fralick, said, "Our department can't 
understand the necessity for taking this 
kind of action. We won't be doing that in 

One thing is certain: whatever happens 
in San Francisco will be watched carefully 
by gay communities and health depart- 
ments throughout North America. The 
debate about the medical and political 
effects of Silverman's plans, the attempts 
to put the proposed controls into effect, 
the court challenges to the legality of the 
actions — all of these details are guaran- 
teed to keep the issue a hot one for many 
months to come. 

It remains to be seen whether the re- 
sulting will lead to the vcr> thing Dr 
Silverman himself warned against last 
year — a distraction from what is still the 
focus of most AIDS work: education 
about disease transmission, and about 
how gay men can have safer sex. i ' 

THE BODY POLITIC [ MAY 1984 [ 1 15 








June 16-19, 1984 

New York University Loeb Student Center 
New York City 





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vwjrkshops including the Third AIDS Forum 
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checks payable to: NGHEF/Coniefeflce. Suite 1305. 
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^^B For totlktr intamiatlM call: F«rn Schwaber. Esq . 
or Mictuel Shernoff . ACSW. 212-20S-1009 



66 Wellesley Street East. 
Second Floor. 
Toronto. Ontario M4Y 1G2 
1416) 926-1626 

"Gay nnen and AIDS: some suggestions for risk reduction" is the title of the 
new brochure from the AIDS Committee of Toronto. And we'd like to send it 
to you, for free. 

As well, the ACT Bulletin comes out every month, giving up-to-date 
information about the AIDS situation in Canada. 

Keep informed. Just complete this form and send it to us. 

n Yes, serxJ me your new brochure, "Gay Men and AIDS, some suggestions for 
risk reduction." 

3 Send me your other brochures on AIDS. 

'Z Send me the ACT Bulletin every month (free in Canada only). 



n I understand that your information services are free, but I'm enclosing a 
contribution to help cover costs, and to help ACT in its community education 
work and for the support of people with AIDS, their lovers, friends and family. 
(Amount: ) 

Thanks to the Governments of Canada and Ontario through the Canada Ontario 
Employment Development (COED) Program for paying costs of salary and office 
administration. This ad paid for by a grant from the Gay Community Appeal of Toronto. 

Deukmejian vetoes 
job protection bill 

SAN FRANCISCO — California Gover- 
nor George Deukmejian vetoed this 
state's Gay Job Rights bill AB-1 March 
13, and the gay community has respond- 
ed with pickets and demonstrations. 

The bill had passed both the State As- 
sembly and the Senate earlier this year af- 
ter an eight-year effort by its author, As- 
semblyman Art Agnos. "This bill was de- 
feated by a group of bigoted Bible-thum- 
pers," said Agnos. "I will continue to in- 
troduce the bill until it becomes the law of 
the land. This is not the end of the strug- 
gle for gay civil rights." Agnos pledged to 
reintroduce the bill in January 1985. 

Deukmejian argued that Agnos had 
not proven homosexuals are discrimin- 
ated against in employment. He added 
that the bill would have given lesbians 
and gay men "special" consideration, 
and that the public was divided on the 
issue. The governor had been under pres- 
sure to veto the bill from many of his 
right-wing supporters, who had an- 
nounced they would introduce a referen- 
dum to take AB-1 off the books in the 
November election if it became law. 

The major opposition to AB-1 was "the 
Family Coalition," whose members 
claimed that the traditional nuclear fam- 
ily was threatened by the legislation. The 
bill's opponents distorted the legislation, 
which would have added "sexual orienta- 
tion" to an already existing state cqde 
that prohibits employment discrimination 
on other grounds. Senator H L Richard- 
son, for example, implied that employers 
would be forced to hire homosexuals with 
AIDS and would therefore be exposed to 
the syndrome. Others insinuated that the 
bill would lead to quotas and that em- 
ployers would be forced to hire a specific 
percentage of gay people. 

Three hundred fifty people marched on 
the San Francisco City Center a few 
hours after the veto was announced, and 
a group calling itself "Operation Duke 
Watch" organized hundreds to protest at 
Berkeley March 26, where Deukmejian 
was appearing with visiting French Presi- 
dent Francois Mitterrand. "Duke 
Watch" plans to appear at all the gover- 
nor's speaking engagements to make gay 
demands known. D 

Government tightens 
security clearances 

WASHINGTON — Local activist Frank 
Kameny is warning that little-known ex- 
ecutive orders and directives concerning 
security clearance may soon lead to the 
barring of lesbians and gay men from 
sensitive jobs in government and private 
industry on a "massive sceile." 

Although no official government pol- 
icy has yet emerged, the US justice 
department is currently reviewing a plan 
to "coordinate" the government's secur- 
ity-clearance programmes, giving the CIA 
a key role in approving the clearances. A 
new top-secret designation, "Sensitive 
Compartmented Information Clearance" 
(SCI), allows employees to see only 
limited amounts of sensitive information 
directly involved in their work. If a new 
assignment is given to an employee, a new 
SCI clearance is necesseiry. The cleeu^ances 
increasingly depend on CIA approval. 

The agency has steadfastly refused to 
hire lesbians and gay men and has never 
approved a security clearance for a 
known gay person, Kameny charges. If 
the agency gains control of the clearance 

process, jobs in the defence department, 
the department of energy, the nuclear 
regulatory commission, and in dozens of 
firms with government defence contracts 
may become closed to gay people. 

Two gay men have recently filed law- 
suits against the CIA after being denied 
SCI clearances. Richard Gayer, an engin- 
eer working for GTE Sylvania in San 
Francisco, was told he would need an SCI 
clearance to work on an assignment. 
When the CIA learned he had been open- 
ly gay for years, the clearance was denied. 

Another California resident, John 
Green, was turned down for an SCI clear- 
ance as an employee of TRW Inc, a 
defence-contracting firm. 

The CIA is arguing that its activities are 
so sensitive it cannot be sued. If the CIA 
wins the two lawsuits, the results could be 
"disastrous" for lesbians and gay men 
seeking clearances in the future, said 

The National .Gay Task Force is urging 
the Reagan Administration to issue an ex- 
ecutive order that will remove the restric- 
tions barring lesbians and gay men from 
serving in government intelligence agen- 
cies, but the government has so far failed 
to respond, n 

Papua New Guinean 
threatens witch hunt 

PORT MORESBY — A member of the 
Papua New Guinea opposition, Stephen 
Tago, has threatened to reveal the names 
of members of homosexual civil servants 
and members of parliament during the 
current legislative session. 

"There is a strong rumour that there 
are homosexuals in high positions who re- 
cruit friends from the police and army to 
reinforce their position in our society," 
said Tago in a report to the Port Moresby 
Post Courier. "It is noticeable," he said, 
"that more and more of the expatriates 


Queerbashed bronze 

George Segal's bronze sculpture of two 
men and two women, titled "Gay Libera- 
tion," was damaged by a man with a ham- 
mer while at Stanford University, 30 miles 
south of San Francisco. 

The sculpture, which had been on dis- 
play tor two weeks, received more than 40 
blows with a hammer. The nose of one of 
the female figures was nearly flattened. 
Segal said the damage was not as exten- 
sive as had originally been feared and that 
two foundry experts would make repairs. 
The sculpture was temporarily removed, 
and students placed flowers on the spot 
where it had stood. The work is expected 
to find a permanent home in either Los 
Angeles or San Francisco. 

A second casting of the same sculpture 
is presently visiting Tokyo and should be 
permanently installed in New York's Sher- 
idan Square later this year. It took five 
years to gain approval for the New York 
installation. D 


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If you pay for your subscript ion when you 
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recruited (to work in Papua New Guinea) 
are wantoks of those who practice this 
evil. I want to see the law enforced and 
these disgusting people removed from our 


Homosexual activity is illegal in Papua 
New Guinea, although few people who 
form liaisons are actually prosecuted 
unless "indiscreet behaviour" takes place 
in public, n 

V -J 

Partying for pride; staying on the air 

MELBOURNE — As Australian lesbians 
and gay men organized their annual 
celebrations in Melbourne and Sydney 
early this year, right-wing groups have 
blocked legislation prohibiting anti-gay 
discrimination in the State of Victoria 
and attempted to close down a gay radio 
programme in the New South Wales town 
of Lismore. 

More than 15,000 people gathered in 
downtown Sydney February 25 to partici- 
pate in one of the largest parades in the 
Southern hemisphere, Sydney's gay Mar- 
di Gras. The parade features brightly dec- 
orated floats, music and witty costumes. 

Although the parade is a major city 
event, organizers were forced this year to 
call upon the state Anti-Discrimination 
Board to deal with opposition from pol- 
ice and the Anglican church. 

In past years, police argued that the 
parade should be banned because it 
caused traffic jams. They consistently 
refused to cooperate with organizers by 
making alternate traffic arrangements. It 
was only after the intervention of the 
ADB this year that the police minister 
directed the police to provide full assis- 
tance to the parade. 

A last minute crisis occurred when the 
Anglican church, which owns 80 percent 
of Sydney Square, refused the revellers 
permission to use the downtown spot as a 
gathering place on the grounds that the 
event was "patently an affront to the 
Christian conscience." It was only after 
the ADB intervened (again) that the 
church agreed, the day before the event 
was to be held, not to oppose the 

In Melbourne 5,0(X) people turned out 
to celebrate Gay Day, the third anniver- 
sary of the decriminalization of gay sex in 
the State of Victoria. The event was held 
in the city's Olympic Park. Gay commun- 
ity political, religious, social and business 
groups set up stalls, and there was music, 
dancing and discussions. 

In the northern New South Wales town 
of Lismore, however, organizers of the 
Northern Rivers Gaywaves programme 
have been fighting attempts by the editor 
of the area's only newspaper to have their 
programme pulled from its spot on the 
locad community-access radio station. A 
January 5 editorial in the Northern Star 
stated, "Homosexuals, encouraged by a 
trendy officialdom turning a blind eye to 
their still-illegal sexual practices, are 
becoming more blatant in their attempts 
to further acceptance of their abnormal 
preferences. They are moving increasing- 
ly into the open, promoting in as many 
ways as possible the misplaced impression 
that homosexuality is normal and right." 

The paper managed to stir up anti-ho- 
mosexual feelings in some local churches, 
and one alderman attempted to introduce 
a motion to city council condemning 
Gaywaves for "corrupting public morals." 
One homophobe turned up at the 
station's annual public meeting to elect a 
new community board of directors. How- 
ever, the new members of the board sup- 
port the continuation of the programme. 

In Melbourne, however, new Equal 
Opportunity legislation was amended 
February 28 by the opposition majority in 
the State's upper house to delete all claus- 
es protecting homosexuals. 

The bill had been introduced into the 





Celebrating: The Six of One Band at Melbourne's Gay Days; above, a Sydney Mardi Gras reveller 

lower house in May 1983 by Premier John 
Cain, who was fulfilling a Labour Party 
promise to reform the state's human 
rights legislation. The minority Labour 
government is planning to stick to its 
guns, however, and will reinsert the 
"private life" sections of the bill and send 
it back to the upper house later this year. 
Unless some opposition representatives 
can be convinced to change their vote, it 
appears the change to the legislation will 
be stalled until after the next election, in 
May 1985. D 

Cancellation spar1(s 
gay radio resignation 

PARIS — The president of Frequence 
Gaie, the world's only full-time gay radio 
station, has resigned in what appears to 
be a power struggle in the three-year-old 

French lesbian poet and teacher 
Genevieve Pastre broadcast a weekly pro- 
gramme, "Voyage en Grande Lesbianie," 
which focused on artistic and literary ac- 
tivity among French and foreign lesbians. 
The programme, which appeared regular- 
ly for two years, was abruptly cancelled 
early in January. The station said that the 
programme was not attracting an audi- 
ence. Believing that the cancellation had 
silenced the voices of radical lesbians and 
significantly reduced women's participa- 
tion at the station, Pastre resigned as 
president at a general meeting in January. 

In her resignation letter Pastre stated 
that Frequence Gaie "was intended to be 
informative, educational, pluralistic, 
communal and convivial. It was on the 
basis of this, as well as being mixed (lesbi- 
ans and gay men), that we struggled. 
Today I denounce the policy of ' Julien 
Blanchet' (the pseudonym with which the 
telegram cancelling her programme was 
signed) as harmful to the station.... 

Because of the bureaucratic, Kafkaesque 
spirit of these little chiefs, because of 
their bad faith, arrogance, traditionalism, 
paralysis and incoherence, I hereby cease 
to carry out the functions of president of 
Frequence Gaie," Pastre said. 

"Lesbians and gay men no longer have 
a radio station. Everything has to be done 
over," she concluded. 

Pastre continues to struggle against the 
production team that is now directing the 
station's programming. In February she 
wrote to all those who had participated in 
her programme asking for their support. 

The resignation of Pastre and a num- 
ber of her supporters at the station has 
crippled Frequence Gaie's lesbian pro- 
gramming and intensified the debate 
between women who want nothing to do 
with male-oriented or male-dominated 
media, and those who say it is foolish to 
refuse free air time providing an oppor- 
tunity to reach thousands of women. D 

Court strikes down 
Oklahoma school law 

OKLAHOMA CITY— The Tenth Circuit 
United States Court of Appeals ruled 
March 14 that a statute of the Oklahoma 
legislature, which barred homosexual 
teachers from the school system, was 

The Oklahoma bill, passed in 1978, 
permitted the firing of teachers for speak- 
ing in favour of gay and lesbian civil 
rights and defined "public homosexual 
conduct" as "advocating, soliciting, im- 
posing, encouraging or promoting public 
or private homosexual activity in a man- 
ner that creates a substantial risk that 
such conduct will come to the attention 
of school children or school employees." 

The Appeals court found that the law 
"proscribes protected speech and is thus 
facially overbroad." 

The case was taken to court by the Na- 
tional Gay Task Force and the National 
Gay Rights Advocates (NGRA). NGRA 
legal director Leonard Graff said the rul- 
ing "represents a substantial victory for 
the gay community. The reversal vindi- 
cates our right to hold gainful employ- 
ment." He said the ruling "is significant 
because it demonstrates the ability of the 
organized gay community in large metro- 
politcm areas to reach out into the hean- 
land to effect change and reverse oppres- 
sive legislation." However, Graff cau- 
tioned that the Oklahoma City Board of 
Education can still take the issue through 
the appeals-court system or to the US 
Supreme Court, n 

Belgians study African cases; US sailor beats navy bias 

NEW YORK — A new Belgian study of 
African AIDS patients suggests that the 
syndrome may be spreading across Cen- 
tral Africa, while in the US a Naval offi- 
cer with AIDS has won his battle for a 
proper medical discharge. 

The Belgian study focused on 22 
Africans and one Greek national from 
Zaire who were hospitalized is Belgium. 
The 23 patients suffered the range 
of opportunistic infections that charac- 
terizes AIDS but none had a history of 
blood-product transfusions, homosexual- 
ity or intravenous drug use. 

A high frequency of Kaposi's Sarco- 
ma, a rare cancer associated with AIDS, 
has been reported in Central Africa for 
some time. Although KS is usually a 
slowly progressing limited to le- 
sions on the skin, there are reports of 
fast-spreading and fatal cases among chil- 

dren and young adults demonstrating de- 
pressed immune symptoms similar to 
those associated with gay AIDS patients in 
the US. The Belgian study concludes, "It 
is possible that AIDS has always been 
present but unrecognized in Africa. How- 
ever, we are struck by the increasing num- 
ber of patients who have come from Zaire 
or Rwanda to Belgium during the past 
four years to seek medical care. We be- 
lieve that AIDS is a new disease that is 
spreading in Central Africa." 

As knowledge of the disease becomes 
more widespread, more cases of AIDS are 
being reported from other parts of the 
world as well. The first case in Trinidad 
was diagnosed in February 1983 and since 
then there have been six more cases, all of 
them fatal. A father-and-son medical 
team reports finding cases in remote parts 
of Haiti and two cases have been diag- 

nosed in Czechoslovakia, sending shock 
waves through Eastern Bloc medical cir- 
cles. Although no cases have been report- 
ed in Poland, that country's health minis- 
try has announced that 50,000 brochures 
with detailed information on AIDS are be- 
ing printed for distribution to all Polish 

The Pasteur Institute in France has sent 
samples of a new retrovirus to the Centers 
for Disease Control in Atlanta for investi- 
gation. The new virus, called Lymphad- 
enopathy Associated Virus (LAV), was 
isolated from the lymph nodes of French 
AIDS patients. The French scientists 
believe that the retrovirus may be the 
cause of AIDS and are seeking confirma- 
tion through studies of American cases. 

Another retrovirus that seems to cause 
AIDS in monkeys has been isolated by 
researchers from the California Primate 


se* l\dr.r. dr.a Jcr.r. Mozeiie r.osis i:'. a near. Dosr-j esiar 
hshmeni at the Pines are getting ready tor summer 

Vacation Tips 

By Buck'n'Beau 

Fire Island Pines 
made easy 

Why stay in a hotel? 

Canadians are finding out European 
style pensions are the best value. 
A pension is a pnvate house where you pay 
to sleep and eat, Bed'n' Board, where your 
travel dollar gets you twice the vacation time 
that you'd get staying in a hotel and eating at 
restaurants. And at a pension you'U get a 
bonus; you'll meet alot of people who are 
like yourself. 

Buck'n' Beau's Bed'n' Board 

Suddenly everyone's visiting the Pines 
because you find luxury rooms and a 
speaal feeling of fnendship here," says Mr 
Kahn about his house, which is limited by 
local residential zoning laws to four paying 
guests at a time 

Buck'n' Beau's house at 161 Ocean Wk. 
offers you a view of the beach and has 
health promoting facilities like a swimming 
pool and an indoor hot-tiob, which is a great 
place for guests to socialize. The "Sunrise 
Cabin" and its spotless bathroom costs only 
$50 Single or $75 Double occupancy. 

It's eating that's believing 

One cannot think well, love well, sleep 
well, if one has not dined well." Vir- 
ginia Woolf would have loved Emil, Buck'n' 
Beau's cook From his kitchen comes won- 
derful Summery buffets. For $25 you'll get 
three meak a day and be spared shopping 
and cooking. 

You're free to spend your days sunning 
on the beach, secure in the certainty that at 
mealtimes all you'll have to do is relax with a 
group of good friends and enpy the plea- 
sures of dining well 

For a tree color brochure coll Mi: Kahn 


or (516) 597-6833 

Cut out and mail todayl 

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315 W. 23rd St. NY.. N.Y. 1001 1 

ClPlease send me your free ^olor hrrx:hijr<^ whil' 
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A small guesthouse, ideally located 
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Heated pool and Jacuzzi. 
Handsome, affordable, congenial. 

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806 Fleming St., Key West, FL 33040 



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512 Simonton St. 

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For information about 




255 Gerrard St. E., 


Research Center at the University of Cali- 
fornia. Scientists have succeeded in trans- 
mitting the disease, which closely resem- 
bles AIDS in humans, by injecting healthy 
monkeys with the virus. 

In New York, an advanced-cell-analysis 
machine has been put to work on AIDS 
research. The machine, which uses micro- 
computers and lasers to analyze T-cells in 
blood and can scan thousands of cells per 
minute, replaces tedious and time-con- 
suming methods of blood analysis. The 
machine, one of only seventeen in exis- 
tence, is the first to be designated solely 
for AIDS research and was purchased 
with New York City funds. 

Petty Officer John Baskin, a naval 
noncommissioned officer, seems to have 
won his battle with the navy to secure a 
medical discharge because he is suffering 
from AIDS. Baskin was admitted to a 
naval hospital in Florida in July 1983, 
then transferred to the Bethesda Naval 
Hospital in Maryland after being diag- 
nosed. Baskin applied for a medical dis- 
charge, which would allow him to contin- 
ue treatment at Bethesda; instead, the 
navy wanted to discharge him "by reason 
of homosexuality." The administrative 
discharge would make him ineligible for 
further treatment at navy hospitals. 

The only evidence of Baskin's homo- 
sexuality available to the navy were his 
Florida medical interviews, which he had 
been assured were confidential. 

As of 1 March, the navy has withdrawn 
the discharge notice and it appears that 
Baskin will be granted a medical dis- 
charge. While the legal victory over the 
navy has little personal impact on Baskin, 
who is near death, it will certainly help 
others in the military who develop AIDS. 

Finally, the San Francisco-based Na- 
tional AIDS Foundation has collapsed 
from lack of funds. The Foundation 
Board gave its employees notice early in 
March, when it became apparent financi- 
al reserves were almost exhausted. The 
Foundation, which had one small grant 
from the State of California, received no 
federal or local funding. 

According to ex-executive director 
Phil Conway, the Foundation was a 
leader in getting AIDS research funding 
from local governments and had helped 
projects in 68 cities, but it had failed to 
set up local grass-roots chapters for its 
own fundraising. The Foundation was 
established in June 1983, when the 
original San Francisco KS Foundation 
split into local and national chapters. 

The sudden move to close down oper- 
ations produced bitterness among ex- 
staff members and will effectively kill 
two planned fundraisers, which Conway 
estimated could have raised a quarter of 
a million dollars. Board members still 
managed to muster optimism. "To say 
that the foundation is 'closing down' is 
simply not correct," said board chair Dr 
Marcus Conant. "We are trimming our 
overhead consistent with current finan- 
ces and are looking ahead to continue to 
make a contribution in the fight against 

Jamaica newsletter 
back on the streets 

KINGSTON — After more than a year 
of silence, the Jamaica Gaily News is 
once again being published by the Gay 
Freedom Movement (GFM), Jamaica's 
national gay liberation organization. 
The group has purchased a mimeo- 
graph machine and now has equipment 
for every stage of JGN's production. The 
newsletter had depended on external 
equipment ^nd facilities for the past sev- 
eral years. 

1984 has been declared Year of The Bi- 
ble by the Youth for Christ organization 
and Year of Evangelism by the Methodist 
Church on the island, and the Gaily News 
editorial speculates that gay people are 
going to be in for a lot of criticism. The 
paper urges its readers to use call-in radio 
programmes and letters-to-the-editor col- 
umns to express pro-gay opinions. The 
GFM is also planning Gay Pride celebra- 
tions for the week of June 26 to July 2. D 

Koch anti-bias order 
cuts Sally Ann funds 

NEW YORK — The Salvation Army, 
because it refuses to alter a hiring policy 
that discriminates against lesbians and 
gay men, will lose $4 million in city con- 
tracts this year. Mayor Ed Koch has 
issued Executive Order 50, which de- 
mands that all groups holding city con- 
tracts must agree in writing not to dis- 
criminate on the basis of "sexual orienta- 
tion or affectional preference." 

"There is no way we could sign the 
order because it cuts to the core of our 
convictions," said Lt Col Wallace C Con- 
rath, divisional commander of the Salva- 
tion Army of Greater New York. "We 
feel that the scripture indicates that 
homosexuality is foreign to the will of 
God for mankind." 

The Army asked that religious organi- 
zations be exempted from the order but 
the mayor's liaison to the gay and lesbian 
community, Lee Hudson, stated that 
"the mayor was not interested in sanc- 
tioning discrimination in any group, so he 
denied any exemption." 

"I think it is a tremendous first step," 
said Arty Strickler, spokesperson for the 
gay synagogue Beth Simchat Torah. "It 
certainly points up the hypocrisy of an 
organization that purports to help people 
and believes in so-called morals and ethics 
but turns around and discriminates." □ 

European poll shows 
Dutch most tolerant 

PARIS — The European Value Systems 
Study group has just released the results 
of a poll of nine European countries' 
moral and social values, including atti- 
tudes towards homosexucility. 

Nearly 12,500 individuals replied to the 
questionnaire, providing 11,000 pages of 
country-by-country analysis and 1,125 
pages of general results. On a scale of 100 
(least tolerant) to 1,000 (most tolerant), 
France scored highest on all the ques- 
tions, with a score of 317, compared to 
31 1 for the Netherlands and 212 for 

On the question of homosexuality, 
however, Holland proved most tolerant, 
with a score of 564, followed by Denmark 
with 517. Italy and Spain proved least 

The poll found generally more toler- 
ance for homosexuality in countries 
where religious belief was least strong. 
More than 80 percent of Italian and 
Spanish respondents said they believed in 
God, while fewer than 65 percent of 
Dutch and Danish respondents called 
themselves believers. D 

World News credits 

Gay Community News (Boston), Bay Area Reporter 
(San Francisco), The Sentinel (San Francisco), 
NGTF Bulletin (New York), Philadelphia Gay News 
(Philadelphia), Campaign (Sydney), Outrage (Mel- 
bourne), Jamaica Gaily News (Kingston), Gai Pied 
(Paris), Connection (Huntington, NY). 




Can a gay soldier and a gay pacifist stiare a connnfion sense of etfiics? 

Power, interest and gay morality 

Take any social group: Christian, 
humanist, sociaHst, gay or what- 
ever. Imagine such a group at- 
tempting to arrive at a collective 
position on issues such as nuclear 
war, abortion or conservation. Such an 
attempt is bound to fail if questions of 
political and social power are not prop- 
erly addressed. Peter Millard's article, 
"In Search of Our Own Morality" (TBP, 
October '83), and David Fernbach's 
book The Spiral Path: A Gay Contribu- 
tion on Human Survival (1981) attempt 
to develop a consistent and comprehen- 
sive "gay morality." I want to argue 
(mainly with reference to Fernbach's 
book) that the inevitable contradictions 
and clashes of vested interests involved 
in any social movement make a compre- 
hensive "gay morality" impossible to 

Fernbach's The Spiral Path remains 
the most intellectually sophisticated and 
comprehensive attempt to provide a sys- 
tem of gay ethics. His basis is neo- 
Marxist. He emphasizes the importance 
of history, of class consciousness, of a 
materialist world view, of a scientific 
methodology, and, naturally in this 
moral argument, of a sense of mission to 
change the world. 

What is distinctive about Fernbach's 
Marxism is his attempt to show that the 
first historical stage of class division in 
society was the division between men 
and women. Gender was the first dimen- 
sion of class. It is the oldest and most 
modern form of class oppression, Fern- 
bach contends. The elimination of this 
most ancient and still pervasive form of 
class domination must come about by 
men becoming more like women. Fern- 
bach deals almost exclusively with gay 
males whom he sees as failures of the 
traditional male socialization process 
which has perpetuated three millenia of 
patriarchy. Although gay men are males 
and have been able to achieve status and 
power within the world, it is up to them 
to act as a "fifth column" working for 
the overthrow of patriarchy. 

Fernbach answers the possible objec- 
tion that gay males (the leather and 
butch styles) are as macho as heterosex- 
ual men by arguing that this is a super- 
ficial style, not a commitment to tradi- 
tional male values. Gay men are readily 
able to distinguish fellow gay men in 
leather from the heterosexual toughs 
and bikers in leather. What they are able 
to see is the rejection of certain tradi- 
tional masculine characteristics in the 
gay male, no matter how well disguised 
in chaps and chains. The gay male is 
more androgynous. If there are some- 
times exceptions — gay men in leather 
who are as traditionally aggressive as 
heterosexual men — these are precisely 
the kind of people most gay men (in the 
s/m subculture for example) will careful- 
ly avoid. They are too risky. 

Thus Fernbach places liberated gay 
men much closer to women than to het- 
erosexual men on a scale of feminism/ 
patriarchy, and argues that by support- 
ing and encouraging feminism from 
within the male world of power, gay 
men can help overthrow patriarchy. In 
this, Fernbach is Utopian, and Marx 
would find his reasoning unconvincing. 

Worse, he ignores the "honorary male" 
status of successful women who have 
been co-opted into the male world. The 
roles of iron ladies such as Golda Meir, 
Indira Ghandi and Margaret Thatcher 
suggest that there is nothing naturally 
inherent in being woman which assures a 
more tolerant, less aggressive and terri- 
torial stance in the world. 

Fernbach also considers the tradition- 
al nuclear family a source of male 
power, and finds gay people morally 
ahead of non-gay in their rejection of 
the traditional family. But he argues that 
gay men have missed the opportunity for 
liberation after moving outside the fam- 
ily. Instead of making communal soli- 
darity the basis of action, most gay men, 
he charges, have adopted sexual promis- 
cuity as the dynamic of relationship with 
each other. "The promiscuous trap pre- 
vents real encounter" and forces a 
"highly individualist quest" for transi- 
ent involvements. The search for sexual 
pleasure has also helped create a con- 
sumerist gay ethic, so that energy which 
ought to be directed to the grave crises 
facing humanity is discharged instead in 
frenetic dancing and fucking. 

The crises facing human survival are 
obvious enough; Fernbach considers the 
gay ethic in relation to the most pressing 
— nuclear war, environmental disaster, 
third world poverty, biogenetic engin- 
eering. The need for a revolution against 
traditional forms of class oppression has 
expanded beyond the needs of a single 
oppressed class. These mega-crises 
threaten the future survival of everyone, 
thus it is now necessary (and he argues, 
possible) to have a "majority revolu- 
tion" rather than one where a new vest- 
ed interest comes to power. This major- 
ity revolution would bring about a 
"maternal culture." 

It is this maternal vision, brought into 
being by liberated gay men, which links 

all the major moral issues into a single, 
consistent ethical system with a neo- 
Marxist politics and a gay sexuality. 
Traditional socialists see the present 
world crisis as a problem of class strug- 
gle; ecological and feminist issues are 
problems of oppressive property rela- 
tionships and will be resolved when the 
working class wins. Radical feminists 
(but not socialist feminists) see the crisis 
as one of male supremacy; class oppres- 
sion and ecological disaster will be 
resolved when male domination is over- 
thrown. Ecologists see both class and 
gender conflicts resolved through a har- 
monious human relationship with the 
biosphere. Fernbach rolls all three into 
one gay ethic which is sociaHst, feminist, 

The practical programme of a gay 
ethics involves working for a more lov- 
ing and less territorially imperative 
world. At this point one fully realizes the 
utopianism of Fernbach. For example, 
he proposes a "gaying of the armed 
forces." This would involve the libera- 
tion of armed forces from homophobia 
by winning the enlistment of gay men, 
and a much larger proportion of 
women. "An army in which women can 
play a full part is already an army that is 
deeply committed to peace, to abolition 
of war... as testified by... China, 

Alas, if it were only so simple. The 
experience of incorporating gay men 
into police forces (as in San Francisco) 
has already demonstrated that putting a 
gay man into uniform and handing him 
a gun is simply to create another cop. 
And the experience of Israel, one of the 
most successfully militaristic and expan- 
sionist societies, per capita, in the world, 
hardly proves that having a lot of 
women soldiers assures a peacekeeping 

Fernbach does not understand the 

power of social structures to shape social 
action and individual morality. In fact, 
it must be said that Fernbach not only 
fails to understand power; he hardly 
refers to it. But then, this is typical of 
almost all would-be-comprehensive 
moral systems in the western world. The 
failure of early Christianity to under- 
stand worldly power quickly resulted in 
absorption of its revolutionary ethics 
into an authoritarian state and into an 
authoritarian religious institution — the 
Roman Catholic Church. Modern hu- 
manists are rarely any more sophistica- 
ted in their analysis of power. Ironically, 
the Marxists proved highly adept in their 
understanding of worldly power, but in 
the process of getting it, they soon disen- 
cumbered themselves of any moral con- 
straints. One has only to watch the 
change in a socialist party after it takes 
power — for example, the willingness of 
the French sociaHsts under Mitterrand to 
sell weapons to any buyer, after cam- 
paigning for election on promises to stop 
such iniquitous policies of preceding 

It is not that "power corrupts" in 
some mysterious way which makes it im- 
possible for anyone with power to hold 
moral values and bring about moral rev- 
olution. It is simply that the position of 
power one has ahers a person's or a par- 
ty's interests in any given structure. Take 
any able trade-union leader and make 
him into a manager. The amount of 
power he has may not change, but his 
interests certainly do. 

This is precisely where any effort to 
build a "gay ethics" must fail. The very 
notion of a gay morahty which could 
take consistent and comprehensive 
stands on everything from abortion to 
nuclear war assumes that gay people 
share a common interest in the world. 
This is simply not so. The interest of a 
gay cop is not the same as the interest of 
the gay hustler he is about to arrest. The 
interest of a closeted gay judge is not the 
interest of the gay defendant on an inde- 
cent behaviour rap, because they hold 
different positions in relationship to the 
power resources in the institution; in this 
case, the legal institution. The same is 
true wherever, in whatever social institu- 
tion (education, armed forces, politics, 
religion, etc, etc), people who share the 
same sexual orientation (and even the 
same bed, as lovers), occupy different 
relationships to power. 

It is sad but factual that a gay man 
working for Litton Industries is not go- 
ing to share a common vision of human- 
ity, its crisis of survival in a forthcoming 
nuclear war, or many other moral as- 
sumptions of the gay man picketing out- 
side the plant. 

It is no more likely that gay libera- 
tionists can develop a gay morahty or 
gay ethics which is inherently consistent 
and specifies a single gay moral stance 
on war or pollution or abortion, than 
that Christianity or Marxism should 
develop such a comprehensive and con- 
sistent morality. I 

John Alan Lee leachex sociolofiy a I the 
L'niversity of Toronto 's Scarborough Col- 
lege. He IS the author of The C olors of I o ve 
and Oetiing Sex. 






iZLar Lubovich Dance Company. This is 
one of the most fresh and exciting contem- 
porary companies today. The twelve highly 
technical dancers are bursting with inexor- 
able energy, controlled under Lubovich's 
innovative choreography. Two different pro- 
grammes, with music by Philip Glass, Steve 
Reich and Johann Strauss. Premiere Dance 
Theatre, through Apr 21. Tickets $10-$15. 
Box office: 869-8444. 

C Dancemakers Strike Again. The popular 
Toronto company is premiering a new piece 
created for them by James Kudelka to a 
commissioned scored by Michael Baker. 
Winchester St Theatre, Apr 25-29. $7-$9. 
C Nureyev is coming! After an absence of 
seven years from Toronto, Rudi returns to 
star in his own National Ballet production of 
Sleeping Beauty, in what may be his last 
local appearances. May 9-12. Other perfor- 
mances between May 10 and 13 will be 
danced by local princes, including Frank 
Augustin. O'Keefe Centre, Front & Yonge. 
Tickets $5-$32. 



CJohn Gray in Concert. Grand piano and 

synthesizers play a large part in this young 
local composer's work. Perhaps at the ex- 
pense of form, he delights in what the Ger- 
mans seem to call Klangfarbschule, a devotion 
to sounds and tone colours for their own 
sake. The quaUty of his music varies, from the 
epic "Glory Be!", with its polyphony of love- 
ly melodies, to stuff that sounds like outtakes 
from Tomita. The Creativity Factory, 24 
Noble St (Queen & Dufferin). April 28, 9 pm. 
Info: 925-5789 or 536-8918. 
I 'Laurie Anderson. Musical madwoman? Or 
this decade's most intelligent and exciting 
poet, performer and composer? Find out 
when the author of Big Science and Mister 
Heartbreak brings her violins, synthesizers 
and strange words to Massey Hall April 23. 
Tickets at BASS or Massey Hall (363-7301). 
C Seagram Super Party. A free Harbourfront 
party with "music for everyone," from The 
Parachute Club to the reggae band Truth and 
Rights, from big band to Quebec folk music. 
June 1, 9 pm. York Quay Centre, 235 Queen's 
Quay W. Info: 364-5665. 
~ Ovation Opera Preview. Guest speakers 
divulge anecdotes about Anna Bolena (May 9) 
and Death in Venice (May 23), followed by a 
live concert presentation of excerpts by mem- 
bers of the Canadian Opera Company ensem- 
ble. 8 pm, York Quay Centre, 235 Queen's 
Quay W. $6.50 ($5.50 students /seniors). Info: 



CChainsaw Love. A reading of a new play 
by Brad Fraser ( Wolfboy), about a bizarrely 
comic family and the reclusive boarder in 
their basement. A little Texas Chainsaw Mas- 
sacre, a little Dracula, and a lot of black 
humour. A Theatre Autumn Angel produc- 
tion. May 8-13. Winchester St Theatre, 80 
Winchester St (in Cabbagetown). 365-0533. 
iZTop Girls. Caryl Churchill's most suc- 
cessful play after her excellent Cloud 9 — 
this is a more intricate play, about the means 
that a woman has to use to achieve success in 
a male world. Directed by Jean Roberts. Pre- 
views from May 20, opens May 29. Tarragon 
Theatre, 30 Bridgman Ave. 531-1827. 
dTrafford Tanzi. The National Arts Centre 
production of Claire Luckham's innovative 
look at the battle of sexual politics. The title 
character must literally half-nelson her way 

Sankai Juku: the company of live intricately disciplined performers, an exponent of a Japanese 
dance tradition called ' 'Butoti, ' ' is one of dozens of dance and music groups invited to ttie 
month-long Toronto Internatmal Festival. June 1-30. Many of the events will cost less than a 
movie. Watch for details, or vi/rite Box 5699, StnA, I\/I5W1N8 for a programme. (Above, Sankai 
Juku perform a ' 'street event, ' ' which may be duplicated in downtown Toronto). 

through life, fighting parents, friends, and 
chauvinist husband in an attempt to be an in- 
dependent person. The theatre will become a 
wrestling arena for the main event. In collab- 
oration with Toronto Free Theatre. Previews 
from May 3, opens May 10. 26 Berkeley St. 

DA Strange Manuscript. The latest produc- 
tion by Theatre Autumn Angel, one of Tor- 
onto's most exciting groups. Based on a 
19th-century Canadian fantasy, this play is 
about a land of reversals where, among 
other things, women play men's roles and 
vice-versa. Through May 6. Royal Ontario 
Museum Theatre (at Museum subway). 

DFanny-dango. A new show highlighting 
the life and works of Fanny Brice, featuring 
the talented Beth Anne Cole, with Tony 
Mason as the men in her life. Garbo's Dinner 
Theatre, 427 Queen St W. 593-9871 . 
□ Women Behind Bars. See review p 23. In- 
definite run. Basin Street Cabaret, 180 
Queen St W. 598-3013 or BASS. 
nxhis Is For Vou, Anna. What happens 
when a victim strikes back? The five-member 
Anna Project examines the causes of rage 
and revenge for women, using stories that 
range from mythic material to specific case 
histories. May 15-27. Backspace, Theatre 
Passe Murraile. 16 Ryerson Ave. 363-2416. 

□ Madeira M'Dear — A Flanders and Swann 
Show. A review based on the music and lyrics 
of Michael Flanders and Donald Swann, 
whose two-man shows were hits in the '60s for 
their comic cleverness (remember "Mud, 
Mud, Glorious Mud"?). Theatre-in-the-Dell, 
300 Simcoe St. 598-4802. 

□ The Brides. A trilogy of plays dealing with 
the psychology of the bride, narrated in a 
contemporary fairy-tale form, and examin- 
ing themes of life, loneliness and sexuality. 
The show promises an exploration of the 
fantasy dreamscape of the feminine psyche. 
Previews from May 16, opens May 19. Mer- 
cury Theatre, 296 Brunswick Ave. 927-9533. 

□ Anna Bolena. Probably this year's most 
eagerly anticipated show, largely because of 
the return of Joan Sutherland in the title 
role. The Donizetti opera is the final produc- 
tion this year by the Canadian Opera Com- 
pany, and the proverbial hen's teeth will be 
easier to come by than tickets at this stage in 
the game. Opens May 22. O'Keefe Centre, 
Front & Yonge. 766-3271 or Ticketron. 

□ Stratford Festival. Among the shows pre- 
viewing in May are the new Gilbert and Sulli- 
van production, folanihe, featuring Maureen 
Forrester as the Queen of the Fairies. The 
hero has to worry about being a mortal from 
the waist up and a fairy from the waist 
down.... a line that will likely be made much 

of. Previews begin May 26. Stratford, On- 
tario. 363-4471 (toll-free Toronto line). 

□ Shaw Festival. Among May's entries are a 
revival of last year's excellent Private Lives, 
starring Fiona Reid and artistic director Chris- 
topher Newton, and new productions of 
Thornton Wilder's The Skin of Our Teeth 
(with Nora McLellan in the role of the maid, 

a part originated by Tallulah Bankhead), and 
the Kern-Harbach musical Roberta, which 
features such tunes as "Smoke Gets In Your 
Eyes" and "I Won't Dance." Beginning May 
2. Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario. 361-1544 
(toll-free Toronto line). 



□ General Idea. A new show entitled "Baby 
Makes 3." As always, this collective effort is 
a treat for the viewer. Carman Lamanna Gal- 
lery, 840 Yonge St (922-0410). Tues-Sat, 10-6. 
Through Apr 26. 

□ Oliver Girling. New paintings. Grunwald 
Gallery, 80 Spadina Ave (929-3103). Tlies- 
Sat, 11-6. Through May 2. 

□ One-Day Gay Art Show. Organized and 
hosted by the Lambda Business Council, an 
exhibition from noon to 7 pm of a wide vari- 
ety of artists, photographers and sculptors, 
including Matt Gould, Andy Fabo, Bart 
Monk, Richard Plowright, David Aldrich, 
Ian McLeod, Jim Shannon and many more. 
Proceeds from the show go to the Gay Com- 
munity Appeal. June 3, 483 Broadview 

□ Printmakers Gallery. Spring previews, in- 
cluding good prints by Gerard Brender a Bran- 
dis. 97 Winchester St (923-5513). Sat, 

2-6 pm, or by appointment. Through Apr 28. 

□ Frontrunners: A Tribute the the 1984 Olym- 
pians. An exhibition of drawings of athletes in 
action by Ian MacGregor in his first one-man 
show. Printmakers Gallery, 97 Winchester St 
(923-5513). May 1 1 and 12, noon to 6 pm, or 
through June 2 by appointment. 



□ The Hearts of Men. "It is frightening to 
think how much of our sense of social order 
and continuity has depended on the willing- 
ness of men to succumb in the battle of the 
sexes," writes Barbara Ehrenreich in her 
book. The Hearts of Men. The "male revolt" 
of the last couple of decades, influenced by 
the Playboy philosophy and the "Me Genera- 
tion" has meant men sacrificing families to 
tend to themselves. A three-part series on the 
feminist author and her work . Ideas, CBC 
Radio (740 AM). May 8, 15 and 22, 9:05 pm. 

□ History and the Unconscious. Are we actu- 
ally headed toward McLuhan's "global vil- 
lage"? With all the problems of the modern 
world, are changes afoot in current Western 
conceptions of history and human destiny? 
This four-part Ideas series explores "The End 
of History" (May 10), "The Recovery of the 
Primitive" (May 17), "History and the Un- 
conscious" (May 24) and "Towards a Planet- 
ary Culture" (May 31). CBC Radio (740 AM), 
9:05 pm. 



□ Confused/Sexual Views. Excerpts from 
the controversial video-installation work by 
Paul Wong, which was to be the first show at 
the Art Gallery of Vancouver's new video 
space, but which was yanked for fear of pub- 
lic reaction (see TBP, April), comes to Toron- 
to for two showings. Made up of interviews 
discussing current sexual ideology, the work 
will be presented at The Funnel (507 King St 
E) at 8 pm April 21, and at the Rivoli (334 




Renegade radio station CFNY-fm hosted its 
now-annual U-Know Awards Monday, April 2 
at the Royal York Hotel, and guess who was 
there? Well, the man who invented the 
awards, for one. Mister David Marsden, who 
used to talk funny and is now CFNY's pro- 
gramming director. The Mars Bar cried real 
tears when presented with an award for doing 
what he does best: providing air time for good 
music, often the music of unknown, untried 
local bands. Like, for example, the band that 
swept the ceremonies Monday night, walked 
away with all the awards, CLEANED UP: The 
Parachute Club. (The band, pictured at left 
without parachutes, accepted one award from 
raunch-star Billy Idol). The Club's album Rise 
Up was voted by CFNY listeners best first LP 
of 1983; the group was tagged as the best 
band; AND (what is life without strawberries 
on the whipped cream that smothers the 
cheesecake?) Lorraine Segato was picked 
Best Female Vocalist of 1983. 

Congratulations, Parachute Club! And 
thank you, Dave Marsden, for orchestrating 
this particular revolutionary step. 

Edna BarkerD 

Queen St W) at 8 pm April 23. Info: Chris- 
tina Ritchie, 977-1685. 
DThe Hotel New Hampshire. Sex and the 
family are the central themes in Tony Rich- 
ardson's new film. The straight press has 
dubbed it "bizarre" for all of the sexual , 
taboos it explores: male and female rape, 
incest, lesbianism and male homosexuality, 
even hints of bestiality. It never aspires to be 
erotic; most of the characters are homo- or 
hetero-, but rarely sexual. Although one 
often wishes for less hedging, the film's am- 
biguity about sexual matters fits nicely into 
its fanciful rethinking of the family as an 
extended unit: how much more appealing are 
these characters than the families of Ordin- 
ary People and Terms of Endearment. The 
Hotel New Hampshire treats serious con- 
cerns in a whimsical manner, risking cen- 
sure, but emerges as a worthwhile film de- 
serving attention. (Uptown). 
D Against All Odds. Jeff Bridges plays the 
erotic centrepiece in Taylor Hackford's 
atmospheric contemplation on film noir. 
(Varsity, York). 

DThe Dresser. Peter Yates considers the hot- 
house atmosphere of theatre artifice. 
Though sometimes overwhelmingly "theatri- 
cal," the film does allow Tom Courtenay's 

Sexual Views: Paul, Sara and Kellie, and 
Tim, in Paul Wong's video work. Confused 


is-he-or-isn't-he dresser fine moments of 
humour, patience and anguish in his care for 
Sir. (International). 

D Liquid Sky. The current you'11-love-it/- 
you'11-hate-it film. A striking portrait of 
emotional alienation set in a new-wave, sci-fi 
structure. Seen from an alien's viewpoint. 
New York itself functions as an active char- 
acter, chillingly beautiful, full of threat and 
promise. (Carlton Cineplex). 
DSwing Shift. Goldie Hawn, Kurt Russell, 
and Ed Harris star in Jonathan Demme's film 
about women in the workforce during WWII. 
D Muscles. No screenings planned yet, but 
the National Film Board recently added this 
film on female body-building to its Toronto 
library. It can be borrowed free of charge 
from their distribution office at 1 Lombard 
St, or call 369-4093. 

DNot a Love Story. May 25 and 26. See ad, 
page 26. 


• Mennbers of Lambda Business Council 


DBemelman's. Fasfiionabiy cruisy pop singles 
bar, pricey restaurant. 83 Bloor St W. 960-0306. 
nCaf6 New Orleans. Best people-peeking perch in 
town (it'll take your mind off the food). Patio always 
packed. 618 Yonge St. 922-2439. 

• Les Cavaliers. Continental menu, daily specials 
418 Church St. 977-4702. 

DChap's Cafe. Noon-9 pm, including $1 .99 

soup/sandwich lunch special. $5-$6 range. 9 

Isabella St, 921-3012. 

D Church Street Caf6. Popular brunch locale in the 

heart of ghetto. Daily to 12, Sun: 10am-5pm.485 

Church St. 925-1 155. 

DCornelius. Very reasonable, very tilling meals. 

579 Yonge St. 967-4666. 

• Crispins/Buddy's. Innovative cuisine, great 
wines Brunch: $6.95, 66 Gerrard St E, 977-1919. 

Crow Bar. Full menu, easy atmosphere, with 
popular pix shown at 8 pm. Mon-Fri, 10 Breadal- 
bane (behind Parkside Tavern). 923-6136 

18 East Hotel & Tavern. Inexpensive home- 
cooked meals, Sunday brunch $3,95. 18 Eastern 
Ave 368-4040 

IFare Exchange. Small neighbourhood caf6. 4 
Irwin Ave 923-5924, 

' Fenton's. The one place to go if you've only one 
place to go (and can afford it) Less expensive room 
downstairs 2 Gloucester St 961-8485. 

• Jennie's. Chic restaurant Live music Fri-Sun 
niles. Sunday brunch 360 Queen St E (at Parlia- 
ment) 861-1461 

• Lipstick. Daytime meals, late night snacks, and 
loud music 4 30 pm-3 am (4 am weekends) 580 
Parliament St 922-6655 

• Pimblett's. Gaudy, friendly British pub Import 
draught, desserts 249 Gerrard St E 929-9525 

f iQueen Mother Catt. New wave, artsy crowd, 
with imaginative eats 206 Queen SI W 598-4719 

• Raclette. French cuisine and great by Ihe-glass 


wine list. 361 Queen St W. 593-0934. 
DRIvoli. Exotic snacks with colourful crowd. 
Queen St W, 596-1908, 

DLe Select Bistro. Bistro lunches and late night 
dining. 328 Queen St W. 596-6405. 
DTogether. Continental menu, specials. Sunday: 
allyoucaneat/$6. 457 Church St. 923-3469. 

• The Albany Tavern. 158 King St E. 861-1155. 
Dancing, patio. 

• The Barn. 83 Granby St. 977-4702. Casual 
stand-up bar and disco. After-hours Fri and Sat till 
4 am ($2 cover). 

DBoots (at the Selby). 592 Sherbourne St, 
921-1035. Dance floor, lounge. 

• Buddy's Backroom Bar. 370 Church St. 
977-9955. Chatty, casual stand-up bar. 

D Bud's (at Hotel Selby). 592 Sherbourne St. 
921-3142. Raunchy video, dance floor. 
nCameo Club. 95 Trinity St. 368-2824. Licensed 
private dance club for women. Fri and Sat only. 

• Les Cavaliers. 418 Church St. 977-4702. Piano 
singalong bar, very chatty. 

DChaps. 9 Isabella St (at Yonge). 921-3012. Large 
upstairs disco with risqu6 video, downstairs bar, 
DCornelius. 579 Yonge St. 967-4666. Dance floor, 
dining area. Open 4 pm; $1 a beer till 8 pm week- 
nights, great Friday after work, 

• Crow Bar. 10 Breadalbane St (laneway behind 
Parkside Tavern). 923-6136, Fully licensed; video. 
Mon-Sat, 4 pm-3 am; Sun 4 pm-1 am, 

DThe Hitching Post. 529 Yonge St. Leather bar/ 
restaurant (liquor licence pending, expected May 
1). Mon-Fri: 7:30 pm-10 pm. Fri/Sat: midnight to 
3 am. Sun brunch: noon to 4 pm; dinner: 5 pm- 
10 pm. 

DKatrina's. 5 St Joseph St. 961-4740. Stand-up 
bar with dance floor. Fri and Sat to 4 am. Sun 
T-dances, Cover charge weekends. Dining lounge, 
DOz. 1 Isabella St. 961 -0790 Large bar and 
disco, lotsa lesbians. Also after hours ($3), 
n Parkside Tavern. 530 Yonge St, 922-3844, 
Men's beverage room, side entrance. Closed Sun. 
HThe Quest. 665 Yonge St, 964-8641 , Bar, dining 
room and upstairs disco 
I ISt Charles Tavern. 488 Yonge St. 925-5517. 
Large beverage rooms. 

iTogether. 457 Church St 923-3469, Lesbian 
bar. dining room 

I IThe Tool Box. Leather club bar with patio, meals 
Club night Thurs 18 Eastern Ave, 869-9294 

• The Barracks. 56 WIdmer St 593-0499 Leather/ 
denim 6 pm-10 am. 24 hours on weekends 

• The Club. 231 Mutual St 977-4629 24 hours 

• The Roman's Health and Recreation Spa. 742 

Bay SI 598 21)0 24 hours 

I Chaps. See Bars, above 

nClub Manatee. 11A St Joseph St 922-1898 

Male only, youngish crowd Not licensed Fri & Sat 

10 pm-6 am; Sun: 10:30 pm-3:30 am. Live shows 

Sat at 2 am. Sun at midnight, 

DOz. See Bars, above, 

DPan AM Dances. Tues nights at the RIvoli, 334 

Queen St W from 8 pm New wave. 

DStages. 530 Yonge St 928-0492. Fri-Sat 12 to 5 

am. Sun 10:30 pm-4 am. $6. 

DTwilight Zone. 1 85 Richmond St W. 977-3347 

New wave. Weekends. $8. 

DVoodoo Club. 9 St Joseph St (above Katrlna's). 

960-9335. New wave. Weekends. $5. 


DCatnaps Guesthouse. 246 Sherbourne St. 
968-2323. Fifteen rooms. TV lounge, pool table 
and game room, laundry and kitchen facilities, 
parking, sundeck. One or two people: $25. 
□18 East Hotel. 18 Eastern Ave, 368-4040, Bar 
and dining room, 22 rooms. TV lounge, sauna, 
gym, laundry facilities, sundeck. free parking, 1 
or 2 people: $24, weekend rates, 
□The Selby Hotel. 592 Sherbourne St. 
921-3142 Victorian-style hotel; bar. dining room, 
72 rooms. No housekeeping, 1-2 people with pri- 
vate bath: $35: without: $27 


OTorontoGay Community Council, 105 Carlton SI, 4th floor 
MSB 1 M2. Umbrella organizatron ol lesbian and gay groups 
Forum for sharing intormalion and discussing political strategies 


UAIDS Committee ot Toronto. See Health, below 
GBeaches Area Gays, Meets Thurs nights, atter 9 pm. at Conti- 
nental Flair Lounge (in the Beach Mall). t97t Queen St E (at 

nsridges. 5-592 Church St. M4Y 2E5 Michael Riordon 
(922-0735) Group connecting lesbian, gay and third world libera- 
tion struggles 

rChutzpah. 730 Bathurst St. M5S 2R4 489-4662 Group for 
Jewish gay men and lesbians and friends 
; Coalition lor Gay Rights In Ontario (C6R0). Box 822, Stn A. 
M5W 1G3 533-6824 Toronto otiice 730 Bathurst St. M5S 2R4 

CommittM to Defend John Damien. t508-9t4 Ybnge St. 
M4W3C8 926-5729 

FMlscap (Oral Histofy Proioctl Conducting interviews with gay 
people JohnGrube 961-8947 

Foundation lor the Advancomont ol Canadian Tnnita<u«lt 
(FACT) - Toronto 519 Church St Community Centre M4Y 2C9 

Gay Alliance at York c/o CYSF. 105 Central Sq York University 
4700 Keeie St Downsview, ON M3J 1P3 667-2515 678 9230 

Gay Asians Toronto Box 752 Sin F M4Y 2N6 Into Alan at 
Glad Ddv Bookshop 961 4161 

Gay Association ol Marltimars In Toronto, 730 BalhursI Si 
M5S 2R4 Support group tor Ms'iliiDers moving to Toronto 

Gay Community Appul ol Toronto Box 2212 Stn P M5S 2T2 
869 3036 fund raising lor gay .ino lesbian community protects 

Gay Community Dance CommittM (GCOC) 730 Balhursi Si 
M5S ?R4 Organizes community fund raising dances 

Gay Couitwalch Room 337 Old City Hail iQueen and Bay) 

Gay Fathars ol Toronto Box 187. StnF M4Y 215 364 4164 

Oiy Llbaratlon Against tha Rlghl Evarywlxra (GLARE) Box 793 
SinO M-11 ?N7 

Cay SIG Drawer C622. c, o The Body PoMK Box 7289 Sm A 
M5W 1X9 Group ot gay mtmbersolMENSA in CioMa 

Gay SallDalonc* Group Box 793 Stn M4T 2N7 423 4803 
Organi.-es courses in self defence in and Outside ot loroofo 

continued on pagf 27 


^v** -^' 


I AY 11 &12^ 
noon — 6 

or by 
Thru J 


to tl^ 












"Discover Broadway on 
the Lake. Want great 
theatre without 
travelling to the Big 
Apple or London? 
Canada's Shaw Festival 
has just the ticket!'^ 
Rochester Times-Union 

and the Lion 

by George Bernard Shaw 


by Eugene Labiche 

The Skin of 
Our Teeth 

by Thornton Wilder 

The Devil's 

by George Bernard Shaw 


Music by Jerome Kern 
Book and lyrics by 
Otto Harbach 

The Vortex 

by Noel Coward 

Private Lives 

by Noel Coward 


by Phone 

10 am - 9 pm 

Monday through Sunday 

(Toll Free from Toronto) 


or call long distance 
(416) 468-3201 
Visa/MasterCard/A merican 
Express only 

For further information and 
your copy of our full season 
brochure, write: 
Shaw Festival, 
P.O. Box 774 
Ontario LOS IJO 

Artistic Director: 
Christopher Newton 

^MH MAY 2 TO OCTOBER 14 H^H ■ ■ m 

ShoMT Festival 


H E L A K 


The body as sculpture: Stuart Gratiam's marble-like torsos, at Art Invesco ttirough April 28th 


The North American TVansvestite-TYans- 
sexual Contact Service in Seattle says they 
have 250 Canadian members, and wel- 
come more. They have a 24-hour phone- 
line at (206) 624-8266. . . . The Toolbox at 
18 East planned to turn their basement in- 
to a small disco, now that the "Hot 
Stuff leather shop is relocating. But re- 
action from the bar's clifentele was so neg- 
ative that the idea is being reconsidered.... 
The Hitching Post at 529 Yonge has had 
to postpone a full opening pending ap- 
proval of their liquor licence application; 
the restaurant section opened April 14.... 
The Bam revealed its third floor last 
month, new cruise rooms with a pool 
table. . . . The Toronto Differently Abled 
Women's Accessibility Committee has 
just been formed, in reaction to many of 
the International Women's Day events 
being inaccessible to wheelchairs. The 
group can be reached at 929-9327 week- 
day mornings. JohnAllecD 


The Male Figure. Photographs by Eric 
Mosher, Jake Peters and Peter Sramek. 
Gallery 44, 202-109 Niagara St (363-5187). 
Through April 24. 

Stuart Graham rnd Bart Monk. Art Invesco 
Gallery, 548 Parliament St (961-2285). 
Through April 28 (Tues-Sat, 1-6 pm). 

Although these exhibitions differ in that 
one is of drawings, the other of photo- 
graphs, they have a common link in our 
perception of the male body. Whether 
naturalistic or distorted, the body in art is 
invested with multiple meanings, which 
all of these artists attempt to explore. 

All three photographers in The Male 
Figure address the question of beauty in 
their images. Peter Sramek does this 
most directly, contrasting a series called 
George, images of a fat, old man in deli- 
berately unflattering poses, with a series 
called Marly, a young man posed with 
pieces of classical sculpture, sometimes 
juxtaposing the swirling calligraphy of 
the model's limbs with the background. 
The work by Jake Peters is somewhat 
more contrived and coy — an image 
called Cotton Candy, for example, is of 
a leatherman with his torso exposed to 

just above his cock, with just a hint of 
pubic hair showing. While perhaps not a 
better photographer, Eric Mosher is cer- 
tainly wittier and more romantic than his 
colleagues. His two series, A Mattress 
for my Mistress and Promises from 
Paradise, show the same model in two 
very different lights, first with very lurid 
humour as a headless and sometimes 
cockless object, then in a soft, romantic 
mood, the body now cool and elegant — 
even the contrast of flesh and flowers 
doesn't seem corny. Avedon has become 

Photographic analogies seem appropri- 
ate to Stuart Graham as well, but here the 
name is George Piatt Lynes. Like Lynes, 
this artist is concerned with the body as 
sculpture. His torsos, rippling with mus- 
cle, have a marmoreal quality, and yet 
there is something else here. Graham is a 
fine technician, and the airy network of 
cross-hatching he uses enhances the three- 
dimensional quality of the work; the play 
of light is subtle, glancing off the shiny 
pecs. While well-known for his posters 
for Chaps and Boots, Graham is no one- 
song singer. The torsos here have a rich- 
ness and depth not seen in his more com- 
mercial work. The sense of "object" and 
the distant, distorted view create a tension 
which is beyond the simple depiction of a 
hunky bod. 

More recent images of a less-devel- 
oped body are also included in this 
series, and these have a different charac- 
ter, gentler and more romantic. They 
seem to indicate a change in Graham's 
attitude, a move away from the conven- 
tions of "gay" imagery to a more 
human, realistic view of the body. 

Bart Monk's drawings, unlike Gra- 
ham's, are provided with a narrative, 
titled and often placed in settings. He 
too is an exacting technician but, alas, 
the complex pattern of dots often mud- 
dies the form. While neither artist is 
afraid to draw from multiple sources. 
Monk is less successful, perhaps because 
of the complexity of the poses and the 
added elements of face, limbs and back- 
ground. Often the variables do not coa- 
lesce and the bodies are curiously mis- 
shapen. The figures seem to seek the 
studied nonchalance of the typical "hot" 
man and yet they miss the mark, 
having none of Graham's tension. The 
figures, and in turn the drawings, seem 
uncomfortable and ill-at-ease. Clone 
city, but not even interesting clones. 

So what is a hot man? Five views of 
the male figure are presented in these 
shows — some good, some not so good. 
They are worth a visit, so go, look, and 
decide foryourselves! lanThomD 


Women Behind Bars by Tonn Eyen (Basin 
Street Cabaret). Lacey or Tropicsnows by 

Sky Gilbert (The Theatre Centre). Wolfboy by 
Brad Eraser (Theatre Passe Muraille). 

Women Behind Bars, which I caught in 
preview at a Gay Community Appeal 
benefit last week, seems already to be on 
its raucous way to becoming a Toronto 
cult favourite. It's amazing — this show 
seems to offend nobody. The straights 
opposite seemed more upset about get- 
ting no relish for their hamburgers, 
while a table of older lesbians to my 
right lustily cheered the antics of bull- 
dyke matron Donna Douglass and her 
pack of crazed inmates vying with each 
other in lewdness and depravity. 

The show suffers from Basin Street's 
poor sightlines and miniscule stage. 
Director Keith Batten's ingenious set 
utilizes every inch of the tiny playing 
area (there's even an adjoining quarters 
for Matron!). Batten draws marvellously 
energetic performances from a well-bal- 
anced cast, most of whom seem a trifie 
shrill. In the frenetic, looney-bin atmos- 
phere of the opening scenes, everyone 
starts too high, with nowhere to go by 
the end of the show. Everyone, that is. 

rtie Alter Eros Festival, ttie giant feminist art and culture test organized by a wide variety of 
feminist and art groups, came to a close April 21st, after weeks of extiibits, video screenings, 
cabarets, ttieatre, music, puppet stiows, a twelve-tiour ' 'Holy Cow! Goddess Bazaar, ' ' and 
even a pajama party, complete with home movies, stories and popcorn. Watch for a review in 
the next issue of tbp. (Below, left to right: Cheryl Mitchell, an unidentified person, Jude 
Johnston and Eve Donner, attending the opening of Eros East at Gallery 940.) 

except Paulina Gillis as Stooly Louise, 
who literally runs away with the show 
when she proclaims: "From now on... 
stupid little Louise with the smelly feet is 
givin' the orders." 

Though physically perfect for the role 
of Matron Pauline, Donna Douglass 
overemphasizes the demonic, villainous 
side of her character. She lacks the arch 
assurance of gender-blur Divine who 
starred in one of the first New York pro- 
ductions of the play. Hearing Douglass 
expounding her theories of the play's 
therapeutic value — "We're all trapped 
by the system. . . . There are always bars 
around our lives." (Now) — makes you 
wonder if she thinks she's playing 
Mother Courage up there. Relax, 
Matron, Women is glorious trash, bliss- 
fully unredeemed by any social cons- 
cience. Playwright Tom Eyen's lurid 
sophistication bounces cliche off plati- 
tude, chortling at the vicious misogyny 
of women's-prison flicks and the sancti- 
monious postures of the genre. As 
Granny (the endearing Frummie Blatt) 

IVIatron and charges: loony-bin shrillness 

assures fellow prisoner Cheri, "Every- 
one's special in the eyes of the Lord. . . 
even a dirty whore like you!" 

Sky Gilbert's Lacey or TYopicsnows 
combines wit and atmosphere to chroni- 
cle the adventures of E A Lacey — a gay 
poet from Lindsay, Ontario, who flees 
the repressive "snows" of small-town 
Canada for the heat of the Brazilian 
jungle. Like many of Gilbert's theatre 
pieces, Lacey presents a collage of the 
artist's life and works: a loose parable of 
the gay artist's search for self-fulfilment, 
hampered by the limitations of self- 
denial, self-hatred and the need to 
reconcile romantic yearnings with 
harsher truths. 

Tanuj KohU's design concept is bril- 
liant. The play begins in a glacial rhom- 
boid; stark white walls and a raised dais 
draped in cool satin convey both the 
mindscape of Lacey and the intermin- 
able winters of a country full of oppres- 
sions: censorship and antiquated Hquor 
laws; bath raids and secret RCMP files 
on everyone. Ironic touches remind us 
that we too are part of the process of 
Lacey's piecing together personal frag- 
ments: his first homo crush, encounters 
with hustlers and homophobes, roman- 
tic affairs and nocturnal flings. 

In the second act we've moved with 
Lacey to the steamy tropics, where any 
desire might be fu filled. The cafe serving 
intermission snacks becomes, inevitably, 
the sultry bar setting for Lacey's Brazilian 
exploits. It's an interesting concept which 
dt>csn't entirely succeed — physically, 
because of the Theatre Centre's poor 
sightlines and muffled acoustics; dram- 

ionliniied i>n [\iin' .'A 










MAY 29 






n"A Mad Hatter's Party." Easter Monday 
night at Oz, the lesbian and gay bar at 1 Isa- 
Tella St. Special guests The Oriental Express, 
with host Sister Rockon, at 1 1 pm. Easter 
bonnet contest at midnight ($25 prize). No 
cover; bar specials through the night; door 
prizes. 961-0790. 

D "Confused/Sexual Views." The contro- 
versial video work. See Cinema. 
D Laurie Anderson. See Music. 


C Shopping For a Bike? Bike workshop. 
Register by Apr 24. Out & Out. 927-0970. 

□ Dancemakers. See Dance. 


nSpring Pub Night. Out & Out's annual 
get-together and open house. The Albany, 
158 King St E. 

□ GEM Newcomers Meeting. Hosted by Gay 
Equality Mississauga. 8 pm. Unitarian Con- 
gregation Hall, 84 South Service Rd, Missis- 
sauga. Info: 453-4426. 

□ US Out of Central America Rally. Huge 
rally with top-line speakers, organized by 
(among others) the Committee of Solidarity 
with the People of El Salvador. Convocation 
Hall. Info: COSPES, 533-8545. 

□ Dignity Annual General Meeting. Lynch 
Hall, Our Lady of Lourdes Church, 7:30 
pm. Confirm at 960-3997. 


□ Gay Equality Mississauga Dance. 8:30 pm. 
Unitarian Congregation Hall, 84 South Ser- 
vice Rd. Info: 453-4426. 


□ Gay Labour Days. A full week of lesbians 
and gay men working for you and donating 
their fees to the Gay Community Appeal. 
Participation in this project has blossomed 
from a lawyer and a dentist last year to in- 
clude piano tuners, portrait photographers, 
gardening crews, gourmet chefs, carpenters, 
a lovers' massage workshop, and many, 
many more. Make it worth their while — if 
you have the job, they probably have the per- 
son. Call 869-3036. Through May 6. 

□ CGSL Opening Day. Cabbagetown Group 
Softball League games get underway this 
afternoon, in Riverdale Park. 

□ MCC Dance. Dance and entertainment to 
raise funds for the Metropolitan Community 
Church's Canadian Mission Fund. $4 ($3 
advance). 730 Bathurst St, 9 pm. 

□ John Grey in Concert. See Music. 

□ Gay Asians Toronto. General meeting. 519 
Church St Community Centre, 3 pm. 

□ Bike Repair Workshop. Register by Fri- 
day. Info: Out & Out, 927-0970. 


□ Chutzpah Monthly Brunch. 1 pm at the 
Chinese Palace Restaurant, 150 Dundas St 
W. Info: 489-4662. 

□ The Old Clothing Show & Sale. Vintage 
clothing and accessories, the event of the 
year for some people. Palais Royale, 1601 
Lakeshore Blvd W. 1 1 am-5 pm. $2. 

Ms Heartbreak: Laurie Anderson in concert 

□ Bicycle Day THp. Meet Out & Out at 519 

Church St Community Centre at 10 am 
sharp. Bring lunch. 

□ Credit River Hike. Out & Out, 927-0970. 


□ Cawthra Square Cafe. Grand official 
opening of the 5 19 Church St Community 
Centre's long-awaited "community space." 
One and all invited, 4-8 pm. Entertainment, 
light refreshments. Ribbon-cutting ceremony 
on 6:30 sharp. Info: Penny Lamy, 923-2778. 

□ Integrity (Gay Anglicans) May Day Social 
Night. See Tuesdays. 


□ Lutherans Concerned. 8 pm. Info: David 
or James, 463-7354. 

□ Canoe Reunion and Info Evening. 

Movies, maps and plans for future trips, 
with Out & Out. Cost: $5. 927-0970. 

□ Lesbian Phone Line Meeting. New 
volunteers welcome. 348 College St, 3rd 
floor, 7:30 pm. 960-3249 (TUes evening). 


□ Poetry in Motion. Featuring a wide variety 
of poets (many from the feminist quarterly 
Fireweed), including Ayana Black, Vancy 
Casper, Roberta Morris, Pamela Cooper and 
Marlene Phillips. A WIC production. The 
Trojan Horse Cafe, 179 Danforth Ave, 8 
pm. $5 ($4 advance). 461-8367. 


□ Toronto Women's Bookstore Grand 
Re-Opening. Two-day open house and tenth 
anniversary celebration at the bookstore's 
brand new location, 73 Harbord St. 10:30 
am-6 pm both days, with live music Sat, 1-4 
pm. Also: Friday, 7:30 pm, storyteller Helen 
Porter reads from Women in Folk and Fairy 
Tales; Saturday, 7:30 pm, a poetry reading. 
Refreshments served, sale on books and rec- 
ords. 922-8744. 


□ Gay Asians Toronto Social. All members 
and friends welcome. BYOB. Info: Glad Day 
(961-4161) or attend April 28 meeting. 

□ Judy Garland Bowling Banquet and 
Dance. Annual bash of the Judy Garland 
Memorial Bowling League. Banquet is $10 
members/ $20 non-members, and includes 
award presentations, entertainer Maria 
Lukofsky doing her 7-minute version of The 
Wizard of Oz, The Spatula Sisters, and two 
surprise acts. Dance party begins at 1 1 :30 
pm (separate admission: $8), with DJ David 
Blackwell. Advance tickets from any mem- 
ber. The Concert Hall, 888 Yonge St. 

□ Metropolitan Community Church Bazaar. 
Furniture, clothing, books, etc. 10 am to 
mid-afternoon, 730 Bathurst St. Dona- 
tions/help: 536-2848. 

□ Boris Volkoff Reunion. Friends and fans 
of the late Boris Volkoff, active in Toronto 
for several decades as a dancer, skater, 
teacher and choreographer, are gathering at 
the Chelsea Inn for an honorary banquet. 
$30. Info: (416) 286-2035 or (416) 767-4295. 

□ Shorthills Day Hike. Register by Friday. 
$5. Out & Out: 927-0970. 

□ Toronto Women's Bookstore. See May A. 


□ Lesbian Mothers Potluck Brunch. Food 
and friendship, 1-4 pm. Info: 465-6822. 

□ Horseback Riding. Out & Out, 927-0970. 


□ David Watmough Book-Signing. The 

author of the popular No More Into the 
Garden and the new The Connecticut Coun- 
tess: Gay Chronicles of Davey Bryant will be 
at Glad Day Bookshop (648A Yonge St), 
from 4 to 6 pm. Refreshments will be served. 
Info: 961-4161. 


□ Bike Workshop. Repairshops, 
what to do about potholes, and 
more. $3. Out & Out: 927-0970. 

□ Integrity. Programme: "Concerning Op- 
pression and Justice." See Tuesdays. 

□ Chainsaw Love. Reading of Brad Fraser's 
new play. See Stage. 


□ Spring Spree Dance. A women's dance be- 
ing held at the Cameo Club, 95 Trinity St 
(southeast of King & Parliament). DJ, buf- 
fet, door prizes, and entertainment by an 
African dancer and the band Paradise 
Women. 8 pm. $7 ($5 advance). A WIC pro- 
duction. Info: 444-7979 (ask for Barb). 

□ Taurus Potluck Supper. For Tauruses and 
friends. Out & Out, 927-0970. 


□ Frontrunners. Exhibition of Ian 
MacGregor's drawings of athletes. See Art. 

□ Gay Fathers Potluck Supper. 7:30 pm. 
Gay Fathers of Toronto, 364-4164. 


□ "Spring Heat." Dance hosted by the Rape 
Crisis Centre, with disco music provided by 
Deb Parent. To arrange childcare, call 
964-7477 in advance. Ukrainian Labour 
Temple, 300 Bathurst St, 9 pm-1 am. $6 ($5 
advance), with sliding scale. Info: 964-7477. 

□ Independence Day Party. Hosted by the 
gay Jewish group Chutzpah. At Joel's place, 
8:30 pm. Everyone welcome. Info: 489-4662. 

□ River Rat Races. Canoeing in Beaver 
Valley. $10. Info: Out & Out, 927-0970. 


□ "Motherhood by Choice" Picnic and 
Rally. Mother's day celebration hosted by 
the Ontario Coalition for Abortion Clinics 
and the Canadian Abortion Rights Action 
League. Entertainment includes the Red 
Berets, Faith Nolan, theatre, clowns, food, a 
children's area and displays. Bring your 
friends, kids and a picnic lunch to Queen's 
Park, noon till 3. Info: OCAC, 532-8193. 

□ Metropolitan Community Church 
Parents' Sunday. Parents are invited to share 

Trafford Tanzi: battle of the sexes, on stage 


The Hamburg Ballet: one of the highlights of next month 's Toronto International Festival, here performing their all-male Mahler's Third Symphony 

in the morning service. See Sundays. 
n Dignity Women's Liturgy Service. See Sun- 

DCity Bicycle Outing. Meet Out & Out at 
519 Church St at 10 am sharp, with lunch 
and raingear. 927-0970. 
a Northumberland Forest Hike. Out & Out: 


D Lesbian and Gay Pride Day Meeting. All 

sorts of volunteers needed to help organize 
the July 1 parade and celebration. 519 
Church St Community Centre, 8 pm. Info: 
960-9402 (evenings). 


n Buddy's/Crispins Sixth Anniversary. See 

ad p 27. 


n"A Decade of Dignity." National confer- 
ence and 10th anniversary celebration of 
Dignity Canada Dignite, the organization for 
lesbian and gay Catholics. About 150 people 
are expected to attend this 4-day conference, 
which will include a talk by noted theologian 
Dr Gregory Baum (Friday, 8 pm — small 
donation requested from the public), femin- 
ist singer Arlene Mantle speaking on "Cele- 
brating Dignity in Music" (Saturday, 1 pm), 
masses (the main service takes place Sunday 
at 7:30 pm, location TBA), luncheons, and 
workshops on everything from "Sexual 
Ethics" to "Planning for the Papal Visit." 
Victoria College, U of T. Info: 654-2994, 
654-6517, 537-1773 or 960-3997. 
r ITobermory Weekend Hike. Rocky shores, 
cabins, and a birthday party for Queen Vic- 
toria. Cost: $50. Out & Out: 927-0970. 
r IWhile Water River TVip. "For the daring." 
A week-long irck down the Missinaibi, one 
of the last great unspoiled rivers of Northern 
Ontario. Out & Out, 927-0970. 


n Right to Privacy Committee Annual 
Meeting. Fate of RTPC to be discussed. 519 
Church St Community Centre, 8 pm. 
Dlntegrity. Programme: "Why Worship?" 
See Tuesdays. 

D Anna Bolena. "La Stupenda" returns to 
TO. See Theatre. 


□ Ovation Opera Preview. Guest speaker on 

Death in Venice. See l\/lusic. 


□ Gay Fathers of Toronto. 519 Church St 
Community Centre, 8 pm. 364-4164. 


□ Niagara-on-the-Lake Hike Weekend. Out 

& Out, 927-0970. 

□ Not a Love Story, See Cinema. 


□ CelebrAsian '84. Fourth anniversary party 
hosted by Gay Asians Toronto. Variety 
entertainment from 8 pm, with dancing fol- 
lowing until 1 am. 519 Church St Commu- 
nity Centre, 8 pm. Tickets at Glad Day, $8 
($7 members). Info: 961-4161. 

□ Canoe Clinic. First of two sessions, for 
beginners. Out & Out, 927-0970. 


□ Chutzpah Monthly Brunch. Meet the gay 
Jewish group at Zaidy's (225 Queen St W), 1 
pm. Everyone welcome. Info: 489-4662. 


□ Top Girls. New play by Caryl Churchill 

(Cloud 9). See Theatre. 

David Watmough: the author of The Connecticut Countess visits Glad Day Bookshop May 7th 







■ ■ 





































□ Defencercise. Two hours of exercise, self- 
defence and fun, hosted by Toronto Gay 
Patrol. Free. Wear running shoes, loose 
clothing and don't eat 45 minutes before ses- 
sion. 519 Church St, 7:30 pm. 

□ Overeaters Anonymous. For gay men and 
lesbians. 519 Church St Community Centre, 
7:30 pm. 


□ Gay Youth of Toronto. 7:30 pm. Info: 
533-2867 (Mon, Wed, Fri from 7-10 pm). 

□ Integrity (Gay Anglicans). Church of the 
Holy Trinity (Eaton Centre). 7:30 pm. 

□ Women's Studies Student Union Open 
House. Noon to 2 pm (bring your own 
lunch). Room 5 1 B, New College (NE corner 
in the basement), U of T. 


□ Metropolitan Community Church. Mid- 
week services. 730 Bathurst St. Wheelchair 
accessible. 7:30 pm. 

□ Toronto Addicted Women's Self-Help Net- 
work. Self-help group for women addicted to 
alcohol and other drugs. Central Neighbour- 
hood House. 349 Ontario St, 7 pm. Info: 


□ Canadian Gay Archives. Open for research 
and tours, 7-10 pm. 54 Wolseley St, second 
floor. Info: 364-2759. 

□ Married Lesbians. Support discussion 
group sponsored by Spouses of Gays. 1 :30 
pm, 206 St Clair Ave W. 967-0597. 

□ TAG Coming Out Group. Meets in private 
home. Supportive atmosphere for people 
coming to terms with their sexuality. 8 pm. 
Info: 964-6600. 


□ Dignity/Toronto. Gay Catholics and 
friends. Mass or worship followed by discus- 
sion. Lynch Hall, Our Lady of Lourdes 
Church (Sherbourne St, south of Bloor), 4 
pm. Wheelchair-accessible. 960-3997. 

□ Metropolitan Community Church. Wor- 
ship at 11 am and 7:30 pm; singspiration 15 
minutes before each service. Sunday school 
provided for 1 1 am service. Wheelchair acces- 
sible; services on first Sun of each month 
signed for the deaf. 730 Bathurst. 

□ Christos Metropolitan Community 
Church. Worship service at 7 pm, St Luke's 
United Church (Sherbourne & Carlton, in 
chapel off Carlton) with fellowship hour. 
489-4293 (days) or 248-1733 (evenings). 

□ Alcoholics Anonymous. Gay and lesbian 
group, open to all. 3 pm. 730 Bathurst St 


□ Alcoholics Anonymous 964-3962 

Lesbian and gay groups. 

□ Gaycare Toronto 243-5494 

Seven days a week, 7-1 1 pm. 

□ Lesbian Phoneline 960-3249 

Tlies 7:30-10:30 pm. 

□ GayCommunityCaiendar. . . .923-G.A\S 
! GayCourtwatch 362-6928 

□ Gay Fathers of Toronto 364-4164 

Mon-Fri, 7-10 pm. 

DGay Youth of Toronto 533-2867 

Mon, Wed, Fri, 7-10 pm. 

□ North .American 

Contact Service(Scatile). (206)624-8266 

1 ISpousesofGays 967-0597 

Wed and Thurs 6:30-8:30 pm. 

; Toronto Area Gays(TAG) 964-661H) 

Mon-Sai 7-10:30 pm. 
Counselling, info. 

Biscxuulslnlernational. .(215)425-3894 

(IRPA 960-6318 

Citizens' Indcpendcnl Review of Police 
Activities 24-haur confidential hotline. 
Trouble with the police? Call us firsil 

THE BODY POLITIC I 1 MAY 1984 11 25 

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continued from page 23 

atically, because the level of the poetry 
and related material sags rather notice- 
ably. There's a superabundance of energy 
and titillation provided by a gang of bar 
toughs and pretty hustlers fondling each 
other and cavorting with the audience. 
The fun is irresistable, but, hke Lacey, 
who finds that snow (lovelessness, self- 
mockery) also exists in the tropics, the 
play seems to have nowhere to go. 

As Lacey, a J Alfred Pru frock from 
Lindsay, James Haworth effectively 
conveys self-doubt with thrill-seeking 
and aching lust. More recent subjects of 
Gilbert's work, Pasolini and David 
Hockney, have transformed relentless 
self-absorption and self-hatred into 
powerful, creative images of the erotic 
tension between desire and fulfilment, 
idealization and repulsion. Lacey's mod- 
est work seems maudlin and slight by 
comparison, his self-oppression held up 
as an end in itself, with little genuine in- 
sight into what it means to be gay. 

"Shit, and I thought /was fucked up!" 
exclaims Bernie, a hunky wrist-slasher, 
as he gazes at fellow inmate David tied 
down and growling like a wolf. There's 
enough nervous energy and extraneous 
matter for several plays in Brad Eraser's 
Wolfboy: a raw, unfocused work which 
lacks form and, frequently, coherent 

The play sets out to examine the course 
of an intense personal relationship which 
springs up between two mental patients: 
suicidal Bernie (Keanu Reeves) and the 
mysterious David (Carl Marotte), who 
has turned himself into a violent parody 
of his favourite horror character, Lon 
Chaney's Wolfman. What might have 
been an intriguing exploration of homo- 
erotic attraction and power has been 
diluted with doses of defensive hetero- 
sexuality (the boys read Penthouse, talk 
about huntin' and fishin' like good old 
boys); misogyny (sex with women is 
"boning fish"); and worst of all, homo- 
phobia. Bernie's failure to deal with his 
gayness remains unchallenged, his erotic 
fascination with men largely uncon- 
fronted. Several scenes flirt with bon- 
dage, submission and the dynamics of 
S/M, but Fraser seems afraid or unwilling 
to confront such homoerotic themes. In- 
stead he falls back on heterocliches, stock 
situations drawn from B melodramas, 
gratuitous murder, necrophilia and 
schlocky stage blood. 

Sitting through Wolfboy is both sad 
and frustrating. It's not that Fraser hasn't 
imagination and talent, or that he can't 
find actors who can handle the shifting 
moods of his material. Marotte and 
Reeves as David and Bernie deliver sensi- 
tive, vibrant performances even when the 
play lurches into arid patches of gratui- 
tous symbolism drawn from werewolf 
lore, vampirism, and superfluous refer- 
ences to The Wizard ofOz. At one point 
"Toto" (David) commands Dorothy 
(Bernie) to tap his (bare) heels together, 
chanting "There's no place like home!" 

Someday I hope Brad Fraser will write 
a play filled with truth and power; a work 
which somehow combines solid dramatic 
craft with psychological insight and 
political awareness, that spares none of 
the quirky black humour of Fraser's best 
moments. In the meantime, Wolfboy 
should be stripped of its plunderings 
from gothic thrillers and horror fiicks, 
comic strips, fifties melodramas, and the 
overused Wizard of Oz. TUcked away 
beneath all the confusion and miscalcula- 
tion of Wolfboy, as it now stands, there 
has to be ONE tautly structured, intense 
and original drama about gays which 
confronts its subject without fiinching. 

P G BakerD 



continued from page 21 

OGay Youth of Toronto. 730 BathurslSt. M5S 2R4, 533-2867. 
Phone counselling: Mon.Wed, Fn, 7 pm-10 pm 
DGays and Lesbians at U of T. c/o SAC Otiice, 1 2 Han House Cir- 
cle. University of Toronto. M5S 1A1 360-6339 
DGEM Gay Community Outreach. Box 62. Brampton. ON L6V 2K7 
Peel Region (Brampton-Mississauga) group for gays and lesbians 
Gayline West: 453-4426 

DGU\D (Gay/Lesbian Action for Disarmament). Box 5794, Stn A. 
M5W 1P2 921-1938, 

DGIad Day Defence Fund. 648A Yonge St. M4Y 2A6 961-4161 
DInternational Gay Association (Toronto), c/o Gay Community 

DLesbian and Gay Academic Society, c/o SAC, 1 2 Hart House Cir- 
cle, Uofl M5S 1A1 921-5317 (Conrad) or 924-6474 

DLesbian and Gay History Group of Toronto. Box 639, Stn A, 
M5W 1G2. 961-7338. 

DLesbian and Gay Pride Day Committee. Box 793 . Stn Q , 
M4T 2N7 Organizes end of June celebration 
DLesbian Incest Survivors Support Group. Info 964-7477 (Rape 
Crisis Centre) 

DLesbian Mothers' Defence Fund. Box 38. Stn E. IVI6H 4E1 . 

DLesbian Spealiers Bureau. Box 6597. Stn A. I^5W 1X4 Info: 
Michelle at 789-4541 or Debbie at 964-7477 Speal<ers for myth- 
shaltering seminars and workshops about lesbians, 
DLesbians Against the Right. Box 6579. Stn A. M5W 1X4. 
Lesbian-feminist political action group 

DMetamorphosis. Box 5963, Stn A. M5W 1P4 Transsexual coun- 
selling and services 

DNew Democratic Party Gay and Lesbian Caucus. Box 792. Stn F. 
M4Y 2N7 964-1049 

DNew Dimensions. Social group for women, meets approximately 
every third week. Info: Gayle, 683-8691, 
DThe New Voice, c/o 519 Church St, M4Y 2C9, Lesbian/gay 

DQsgoode Gay/Lesbian Caucus, York University, 4700 Keele St, 
Oownsview, M3J 2R5 532-2443 (Peter) or 463-4721 (Shelley). 
DParents and Friends of Lesbians and Gays Toronto. 52 Roxaline 
St. Weston ON M9T 2Y9 Info: Pauline Martin at 244-2105. 
DParents of Gays Misslssauga. c/o Anne Rutledge, 3323 Kings 
Mastings Ores, Mississauga L5L 1G5, 820-5130, 
DRight to Prhracy Committee (RTPC). 730 Bathurst St. ms 2R4 
Defence committee for gays arrested under bawdyhouse laws. Che- 
ques or charges pyable to: Harriet Sachs in trust for RTPC, Info: 
961-8046 or 362-2877, Also runs Courtwalch (362-6928). 
DSpouses of Gays, c/o Caryn Miller. 260 Carlton St. MSA 2L3. 
Phoneline: 967-0597 Wed, Thurs 6:30-8:30 pm, 
DToronto Gay Patrol. Self-governing group of lesbians and gay men 
patrolling downtown core of city, c/o 29 Grenville St, Apt 2, 
M4Y 1A1, Info: Gary Akenhead, 921-7839 
DToronto Rainbow Alliance of the Deal. Box 671 . Sin F. M4Y 2N6 
DWHY? (We Help You). Non-profit para-professional support group 
for transsexuals. 26-325 Jarvis St, MSB 2C2, 967-3405, 


DAIDS Committee of Toronto. Box 55, Stn F, M4Y 2L4 926-1626 

(Mon-Fri. 9 am-5 pm). Educates public about the syndrome, 

especially AIDS-affected communities, and provides support services 

to people with AIDS, 

DAIcoholics Anonymous. Lesbian/gay fellowships. 964-3962 

DGaycare Toronto, c/o Christos MCC. Box 1 193. Stn F, M4Y 2T8, 

243-5494, 7-ff pm seven days a week Free face-lo-face drop-in 

counselling service in the downtown area Group sessions 

DGay Counselling Centre of Toronto, 1 05 Carlton SI. 4th floor, 

M5B 1 M2. 977-2153. Tues. Wed, Thurs, 6,30-9:30 pm. Professional 

counselling for lesbians and gay men Call for appt or drop in, 

DGay Fathers of Toronto, Phoneline: 364-4164. 7-10 pm, Mon-Fri, 

DGay Men's Discussion Groups. Sponsored by U of T Sex Ed Centre. 


DHassle-Free CHnic - Men. 556 Church SI, 2nd floor, M4Y 2E3. 

9220603, VD info, testing and treatment. Hours: Mon, Wed, 4-9 

pm; Tues, Thurs, 10 am-3 pm; Fri, 4-7 pm; Sat, 10 am-2 pm Bath 

clinics every Wed evening at The Club and Roman's, 

DLesbian Phoneline. Box 70, Stn F, M4Y 2L4, 960-3249, Tues 

7:30-10:30 pm Recorded message other times Speakers available, 

DSex Ed Centre, c/o U of T Office of Admissions. 315 Bloor St W. 

Room 107 M5S 1A3. Devonshire and Bloor Sts, behind Admissions 

BIdg 978-3977 Sex counselling for U of Tcampus, Gay counsellors 

every Tues, 10am-9pm. 

DTofonto Area Gays. Box 6706 Stn A, M5W 1X5 964-6600 Free 

peer counselling and info for lesbians and gay men, Mon-Fri: 7 


DTri-Ald Charitable Foundation,'8 Irwin Ave, M4Y 1K9 Gay youth, 

streelwork, parkwatch, public education, agency consultations. 

DCabbagetown Group Softball League. Box 1113, StnF, 


[ JJudy Garland Memorial Bowling League. Into: bulletin boards in 

bars, or write c/o TSA (below). Sept-May season: also summer 


DNot-so Amazon Softball League. All-lesbian recreation league 

forming this spring Into 967-7440 or 466-9341 

; lOut and Out Club. Box 331 . Stn F. M4Y 2L7 927-0970. Outdoor 

activities for gay people Include phone number 

I : Pool Bar League. Info at most bars, or write c/o TSA. 

r Rhrerdale Curling League. Write c/o TSA 

LjRivardale Volleyball League. Sept-April season Info at Crow Bar. 

Buddy's and Albany Tavern, or write c/o TSA 

' JRotatort Curling League. Write c/o TSA 

' Silukli. All-lesbian Softball team Box 6597. Stn A. M5W 1X4 


i Toronto HlHoflcal Bowling Society Write 100-2 Bloor SI W. 

M4W 3f ? or check bulletin boards in bars Also summer league 

■ TorontoSpontAlliance(TSA). Box 1113. StnF. M4Y 2Te 

Womyn Out Doors (WOODS). Wbmen-identifled women sharing 
outdoor skills and experiences Outings, workshops and trips Box 
462. Sin P M5S 2S9 

I iGayi in Health Care. Box 7086. Stn A. M5W 1X7 920-1882 
Gay men and lesbians working and training in health- care delivery 
and research 
I iTofonto Lambda Builntii Council Box 513. Adelaide St Sin. 

M5C 2J6 Non profit guild with over 70 members, publishes direc 
lory twice a year 


DChristos Metropolitan Community Church, Box 1193. Stn F. 
M4Y 2T8 968-7423 Christian church with special outreach to gay 
community, working in association with Gaycare Toronto 
DChutzpah. See Social/political action listings 
DDignity/Toronto. Box 249. Stn E. M6H 4E2 960-3997 Group lor 
gay and lesbian Catholics and friends. 
DIntegrity/Toronto. Box 873. StnF. M4Y 2N9. Pastoral ministry 
for gay and lesbian Anglicans and friends 593-6217 Chaplains 
available lor pastoral counselling through this number 
DLutherans Concerned, c/o Edward Schlauch. 980 Broadview 
Ave, Apt 2309, M4K 3Y1 463-7354 (David or James) Support 
and fellowship for gay and lesbian Lutherans and their friends 
DMetropolitan Community Church. 730 Bathurst St. M5S 2R4 
536-2848. Christian church with special ministry to gay 

DThe Sacred Triangle. 72 Ivy Ave, M4L 2H7 463-9688, Lesbian 
and gay occultists and spiritualists 
DSeventh-Day Adventists Kinship International, For past and 
present gay and lesbian A^Jventists. c/o Jeremy Young, Box 408, 
SInC, M6J 3P5 

DSpirit. 730 Bathurst St. M5S 2R4 248-1733 or 482-1817 Sup- 
port group for gay and lesbian Salvationists and friends 
DToronto Organization ot United Church Homosexuals. Box 626. 
StnO. lyl4T 1L0 


DThe Sisters ol Perpetual Indulgence. Drawer DPI. c/oBox 7289, 
Stn A, M5W 1X9 


DActionl Irregular publication of Right to Privacy Committee, 730 
Bathurst St. M5S 2R4. 924-4523, 
DBisexuals International (Philadelphia), (215) 425-3894 
DThe Body Politic. Box 7289. Stn A. M5W 1X9. 364-6320 
National lesbian and gay monthly, 

DCanadian Gay Archives. Box 639. Stn A, M5W 1G2 364-2759, 
DGay Community Calendar. Call 923-GAYS (923-4297). Box 8. 
Adelaide St Stn. M5C 2H8, 24 hour recorded message of weekly 
events. To get info listed call 656-0372 between 7-10 pm Mondays 
DGayline West. 453-GGCO. Community info for Mississauga and 
parts west of Metro, 

DGIad Day Bookshop. 648A Yonge SI, 2nd floor, M5Y 2A6 
961-4161, Mon 10-8; Tue-Wed 10-6; Thurs-Fri 10-9; Sat 10-6, 
DGrapevine, Box 38, Stn E, M6H 4E1 . Lesbian Mothers' Defence 
Fund newsletter. 2-3 issues/year. 
DLesbian Archives. Box 928, Stn 0, M4T 2P1 , 
DLesbian/Lesbienne. National newsletter, 367-0589 (Kerry) 
DMetamorphosis. Box 5963. Stn A, M5W 1P4, Newsletter for 

DNorth American Transvest'ite-Transsexual Contact Service (Seat- 
tle). "250 Canadian members." (206) 624-8266 (24 hrs). 
DSound Women, c/o Ryerson Women's Centre. SURPI. 380 Vic- 
toria St. MSB 1W7. Ryerson women's radio show collective Les- 
bian and feminist music, interviews and announcements. Sundays 
at noon. CKLN-FM88,1, To place announcements, call 598-9838 
DToronto Women's Bookstore. Temporary location: 201-296 
Brunswick Ave (at Bloor), M5S 2M7 922-8744, 
DThe Web, 821-1416 Freemonthly newsletter of women's 
events Available at SCM Bookstore, 519 Church St Community 
Centre, Cameo, Together, Toronto Rape Crisis Centre, or MCC 


The following is a select list ol women 's services in Toronto ol par- 
ticular interest to lesbians. 

DBroadside. Box 494, Stn P, M5S 2T1 , 598-3513. Monthly fem- 
inist newspaper Substantial contributions by lesbians. 
DConstance Hamilton Housing Co-op. For women only. 523 Melita 
Ores. M6G 3X9 532-8860 

DFireweed. Box 279, Stn B, M5T 2W2, 977-8681 Feminist quar- 
terly of politics and the arts 

DHassle-Free Clinic — Women. 556 Church St. second floor. 
M4Y 2E3 922-0566. Free medical clinic. Birth control and gyne- 
cological info VD and pregnancy testing, abortion counselling and 
referrals. Hours: Mon, Wed, Fri, 10 am-3 pm, Tues, Thur, 4 pm- 
9 pm. Call ahead, 

DInternational Women's Day Committee. Box 70. Stn F. M4Y 2L4 
789-4541 Independent socialist feminist organization. 
DJessie's Centre lor Teenage Women. 154 Bathurst St, M5V 2R3 
365-1888 Multiservice agency, Lesbian-positive 
DMacphail House, 389 Church St, MSB 2A1, 977-1037 Long- 
term YWCA residence for women 16-25 Shared co-op apartments 
DNellie's Hostel lor Women. 275A Broadview Ave. M4M 2G8. 
461-1084 Temporary hostel for women 16 and over, including 
mothers with children 

DStop 86. 86 Madison Ave. M5R 2S4 922-3271 . Crisis housing 
and social service centre for women under 25 
r JTimes Change Women's Employment Centre. 22 Davisville Ave. 
M4S 1E8 487-2807 9-5 Mon-Thurs. 9-2 Fri Employment coun- 
selling. |ob search and career planning workshops, 
DToronto Addicted Women's Self-Help Network. Suite 202. Box 
2213. SInP. M5S2T2 Phoneline 961-7319 Self-help group for 
women addicted to alcohol and other drugs Weekly meetings 
DToronto Area Caucus of Women and the Law. Box 231 . Sin B. 
M5T 2T2 

DToronto Ditlerently Abled Women's Accessibility Committee. 
929-9327 (weekday mornings) 

DToromo Rape Crisis Centre. Box 6597, Stn A, M5W 1X4 Crisis 
line 964-8080 Business line; 964-7477 Info, self-detence 
I Toronto Women's Housing Co-op. Coming soon. Inlo: 921-4755. 

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THh BODY POLITIC ui MAY 1984 ui 27 


at the safe distance of thirty years after 
his death, is an immensely sympathetic 
character. The English gay man who ap- 
plied his irresistible intellectual force to 
the development of the modem computer 
was an odd person, appealing but remote, 
even as a child. He became even more re- 
markable when, as an adult, he uncom- 
promisingly asserted his intellectual in- 
dependence (and quietly asserted his gay- 
ness) while deciphering Nazi codes for 
His Majesty's government during World 
War II, and while battUng the bloodless 
post-war bureaucracies that impeded his 
efforts to "build a brain" and ultimately 
crushed him when they could no longer 
deal with his gayness. Alan Turing: The 
Enigma, Andrew Hodges's new biogra- 
phy, brings the "shy and brusque" math- 
ematical genius to life, and in doing so 
breathes a new kind of life into gay writ- 
ing and gay thought. 

The book is nothing less than epic: in 
its scope and in its potential historical im- 
portance, it stands out over the rest of 
modern gay writing like Kilimanjaro over 
the plains of Tanzania. Turing's recogni- 
tion of his own homosexuality was an in- 
tegral part of the passion that drove him 
to explore the nature of intelligence, and 
Hodges's treatment of this fact forcibly 
links gayness with many of the seemingly 
remote things that held Turing's interest. 
The book introduces into the gay com- 
munity difficult questions about human 
intelligence, "machine intelligence" and 
the shaping of the intellect by physical 
existence — questions we've never really 
devoted much thought to. Perhaps more 
importantly, though, it also hurls a few 
relevant facts about human nature and 
sexual and intellectual politics into the 
rather sanitized and often homophobic 
world of computer science. The book is 
disconcerting in its lack of tunnel vision: 
it doesn't run for the security of the "gay 
market," the "computer market" or the 
"mathematics market." Instead, it brings 
everything about Turing together in a way 
that's just short of transcendent. 

The plot of Turing's story starts off 
sounding hke a standard intellectual bio- 
graphy, then turns into a black-and-white 
war movie, and finally hearkens toward 
the melodramatic, "twilight world" gay 
novels of the '50s. Turing was born in 
1912 and grew up awkward, messy and in- 
spired in the emotional straightjacket of 
Sherborne, a small English public school. 
He fell in love with a schoolmate, Chris- 
topher Morcom, and found solace and 
delight in the passionate adventures in 
amateur science the two of them em- 
barked on together. This relationship, 
though it remained platonic and was fore- 
shortened by Christopher's death in 1930, 
became an ideal to which Turing always 
compared his subsequent attachments. 

Turing's mathematical abilities soon 
led to a scholarship to King's College, 
Cambridge. Here he found another sort 
of solace — a microsociety insulated 
from the institutionalized homophobia of 
prewar Britain, a place where, a few years 
earlier, E M Forster could pass around 
the unpublished manuscript of his gay 
novel Maurice among the illuminati of 
the Bloomsbury Group. After finding a 
few appropriate friends at King's, Turing 
lived in relative peace and, in 1936, pub- 
lished On Computable Numbers, the 
clairvoyant mathematics paper which es- 
tablished his genius — and laid the theo- 

Alan Turing, Worid War II code-breaker and father of the computer, 

believed that, one day, machines would be able to think. But by the end of his life, 

biographer Andrew Hodges suspects, he came to realize that 

the mind was more than a matter of circuiti^. 


By Richard Summeitell 

retical foundations for digital computing 
devices which, though they existed only in 
theory, soon came to be referred to by 
mathematicians as "Turing machines." 

Peace, however, was trsmsitory, and in 
September 1939, Turing (who had already 
responded to the ascendancy of the Nazis 
by sponsoring a Jewish boy-refugee earli- 
er that year) left academic life to become 
one of the "Men of the Professor type" 
called to work for the Government Code 
and Cipher School at Bletchley Park. 


Here he became the foremost authority 
on the "unbreakable" German Enigma 
codes, which used a simple machine to 
scramble the messages controlling the 
U-boat fleets then devastating Allied 
shipping. The cracking of the Enigma 
code helped win the war, but Turing 
could take no public credit for it: the 
work done at Bletchley Park remained an 
official secret until the 1970s. 

After the war, Turing set to work at the 
National Physical Laboratory trying to 
translate the principles of On Computa- 
ble Numbers into an actual machine. 
Frustrated by the constraints of the glaci- 
al British bureaucracy, he left in 1948 to 
work on a similar project underway at 
Manchester University, where a success- 
ful programme had already been run on a 
modest, but at last actual, Turing ma- 
chine. It was the world's first electronic 
digital computer. 

In 1952 he made his fatal mistake. He 
reported a minor break-in at his home to 
the police, who, in investigating likely 
connections, soon found out about Tur- 
ing's sexual friendship with nineteen- 
year-old Arnold Murray, son of a Man- 
chester concrete-layer. Tliring shamelessly 
admitted to the affair, was arrested, tried 
for gross indecency, convicted, placed on 
probation — and ordered to take hor- 
mone therapy which, while it lasted, left 
him with breasts which he joked about 
fiippantly. After his probation ended, his 
efforts to meet men legally in Europe 
were obstructed by British security, which 
had no love for homosexuals who took 
their knowledge of state secrets to gay 

meeting-places on the continent. In June 
1954, without warning, Alan Turing 
dipped an apple in cyanide, bit it, and 

Hodges's biography pulls this string of 
events together in a superlative way. 
Where another writer might have made 
Turing's career mundane and his death 
maudlin, Hodges brings a genuine intel- 
lectual fascination to the former and a 
sensitive realism to the latter. Being the 
biographer of a mathematician isn't easy: 
one must decide which of the subject's 
vital preoccupations can be comprehen- 
sibly conveyed to the reader and which 
will only cause general baffiement. Alan 
TUring: The Enigma is a model of honest 
intellectual biography — taxingly com- 
plex but never inscrutable, with enough 
human interest, plot detail and sociopol- 
itical analysis to appease even the most 
mathematicophobic reader. Only occa- 
sionally does one encounter a schematic 
diagram for an encription machine, or a 
sentence like: "It could be shown that the 
assertion that the error terms remained so 
very small, was essentially equivalent to 
the assertion that this Riemann zeta-func- 
tion took the value zero only at points 
which all lay on a certain line in the 
plane." Otherwise, the book is sheer 
light, and its spectrum is enriched by quo- 
tations from Walt Whitman, Edward 
Carpenter and the like, and by the wealth 
of detail Hodges has acquired on Turing's 
personal life and feelings. This wasn't 
easy, either: Hiring was a private man 
whose privacy was reinforced by his cir- 
cumstances. Numerous people knew of 
his sexuality, but most were people who 
"mattered" to him. He ^as willing to 
explain his passionately assembled ideas, 
but they were incomprehensible to many; 
and he seemed always to be caught up in 
a spate of inchoate ideas, piquing curios- 
about matters that he could only 

lain to his own satisfaction after years 


)espite Turing's enforced solitude, 
Hodges seems to have uncovered every 
awkward pass he ever made at a friend as 
a young man, and has documented some 
fascinating instances of self-disclosure. 
Imagine this "confirmed solitary" jaunt- 
ily telling a recent straight acquaintance: 
"When 1 recall some past epoch, I think 
of whoever I was in love with at the 
time." In order to prise up this kind of 
information, Hodges had to interview 
scores of people. Even Alan's young 
friend Arnold Murray was consulted — 
blessedly: mistakenly convinced that he 
had been to blame for Turing's suicide, he 
was relieved by Hodges at the age of 
forty- four of "an albatross that had hung 
around his neck for twenty-five years." 

is himself a professional mathematician, 
although the long absence from work re- 
quired for the writing of Alan Hiring has 
left him an unemployed one. In gay cir- 
cles, he is best known as co-author, with 
David Hutter, of IVith Downcast Gays, a 
terse pamphlet which is the standard ref- 
erence on gay self-oppression, first pub- 
lished in England in 1974, reprinted by 
Pink Triangle Press in 1977 and 1979, and 
translated into Swedish, Italian, French 
and German. The frontispiece dedication 
of Alan Turing, "To thee old cause!" 
(from Whitman's Leaves of Grass), per- 
haps shows where his heart lies. Earlier 
this year, he was further impoverishing 
himself travelling around to promote 
Alan Turing at his own expense, and in 


February stopped by The Body Politic. 
where Rick Bebout and I talked with him. 
In his mid-thirties, he has affected a 
genial everyclone look, and has the Brit- 
ish academic penchant for speaking in 
short, organized disquisitions rather than 
Ngrth-American-style offhanded banter. 
It makes for interesting conversation. 

Richard Summerbell: Since Alan Turing 
received such prominent attention in the 
press, do you feel any of the reviewers 
really "got" the book? 
Andrew Hodges: Well, I don't think 
anyone has, actually. Each of them got a 
bit of it. Even Stephen Toulmin's review 
{New York Review of Books, January 19, 
1984), which I think is the soundest on 
the politic£il substructure of the book, 
doesn't really give the feeling of the nitty- 
gritty of what working in science is like — 
he gives the impression of a clash of ideas 
in the abstract. But I'm not unhappy 
about the situation; I'm pleased to see all 
these different pieces coming out, each 
seeing a different book, and each validat- 
ing it from a different point of view. 
RS: All the reviews I've seen seem to have 
made at least a token attempt to grasp the 
gay part of the book. 
AH: Yes. That's one thing I'm pleased 
about first of all. It's important to me: 
1 come out on the cover of the book and 
within the book — of course, you 'd 
know, but not everyone would, so it was 
actually a very important decision to 
make. But everyone who's referred to this 
has treated it in a pretty positive way; it's 
been regarded as a qualification for doing 
the book, which seems to me absolutely 
fine. I do think mine is the first book to 
bring out the strands of 1970s gay 
thought into mainstream publishing. I 
can't think of anything else that's done 

RS: That struck me as being the big 
departure in the book. It really was sort 
of a Godel, Escher, Bach (Douglas 
Hofstadter's 1979 bestseller on artificial 
intelligence) with more things integrated 
into it. 

AH: Yes. Actually, I read a review of 
Godel, Escher, Bach in the Freethinker 
which criticized Hofstadter for his lack of 
any understanding of the social and polit- 
ical critique of language and what inteUi- 
gence is and so forth — something he just 
skips over in a few paragraphs in his 
enormous book somewhere. And for that 
reason, I was very amused, as well as 

slightly annoyed, that his review of my 
book (New York Times, November 13, 
1983) completely suppressed its political 
implications -^ which clearly he just felt 
extremely uncomfortable about and 
didn't know how to deal with. I'm going 
to have to talk to him about that 

We've really got off the subject, 
though, because I do think it's important 
that what I've done is to fit some of our 
content into a place where no one would 
ever expect to find it — into the second 
world war, and computers and things. 
RS: It's amusing that this may position 
the computer as a "gay instrument," in 

AH: Well, there's a bit of me that goes 
along with that, in that I put a lot of em- 
phasis on free thought in the first half of 
the book, and that to me has a gay as- 
pect. I think one has to rescue science 
from the ghastliness of 99 percent of it, 
which is really quite... horrific. And re- 
member that originally science was there 
to challenge ideas. Now, Turing was 
absolutely of that one percent, and that 
to me is something tied up with his gay 
identity. It does give the subject a flavour 
of dissent. 

Rick Bebout: In your notes at the end of 
the book, you talk about how it could 
only have appeared when it did — after 
information about the Enigma project 
was declassified, and after the gay move- 
ment had begun. It also seems to me to be 
the kind of book only a gay man could 
have written about another gay man. 
There's a really complex person here to 
understand, and that understanding 
couldn't have been done at a distance 
from him. How did you feel about him as 
you went through five years of work on 
the book? 

AH: Certainly while I was most involved 
in it from '78 to '80, 1 was totally im- 
mersed in this stuff — in fact, it's still 
true that I can remember the dates and 
events of Turing's life better than those of 
my own. It's a bit like having another life, 
like people who believe they've had a 
previous existence. > 

I think actually I know Turing better 
than anyone did, because even the people 
who knew him very well have blanked out 
certain aspects and didn't want to know 
things. On the whole, throughout the 
book, I try to look at things really from 
Turing's point of view, and I take his line 
more than my own, but at the end I be- 

come a little more detached. I had to be 
more analytic and break away from the 
narrative in order to become more time- 
less, to somehow remain true to the 1950s 
and yet draw very strong subconscious 
parallels with the 1980s. It is edmost pain- 
ful for me when I say, at the end, that 
even though he thought he was being so 
heretical and dissenting, he wasn't at all 
— really, he was part of the system and 
didn't actually challenge it at all. 
RB: You seem to be saying that he killed 
himself because he realized he was in an 
absolutely untenable position — a loyal 
state servant in possession of official 
secrets and, at the same time, a gay man 
prevented by the state from leading a gay 
life because of fears about what he knew. 
AH: Yes, I think that's so. Actually, there 
may have been a specific crisis that we 
don't know about, some actual event — 
like there certainly was in the spring of 
1953 (when British agents apparently ob- 
structed a visit by a gay Norwegian 
friend). But I think what you've said is 
the more important thing: He didn't 
know whether he was in or out of the 
whole political setup, and he didn't have 
the equipment to deal with such a 

RB: You make the point very strongly 
that Turing had no desire to be a public 
person, and that, in the end, what did 
him in was almost precisely that — he 
wasn't political in the sense of knowing 
how to survive. 

RS: He wrote his one token letter of pro- 
test to an MP after his trial, and then he 
didn't know how to go any further. 
AH: That's right. Turing acted out what 
other gay intellectuals of the time only 
talked about, but he didn't have the polit- 
ical or social equipment to follow it 
through. We have the sort of detachment 
nowadays that allows us to see this sort of 
situation more clearly, but upper-middle- 
class British people in those days didn't. 
It was so deep, the indoctrination. 
RS: How did you try to avoid the poten- 
tial for cliched '50s melodrama at the 

AH: Well, there are certain things that 
belie that picture — the way that Turing 
took a much more positive approach than 
he might have after the trial was quite un- 
expected, actually. There's a much more 
human dimension that comes into the 
story here, and one sees sexuality as a 


humanizing force. The computer people 
don't see it that way, but to me, the 
whole period at Manchester (1948-1952) is 
dreary, and you're longing for something 
to break through all this stuff about pro- 
grammes and things. And something does 
— and I think to most people the sex will 
come as a positive element. Even despite 
the trial, that actually became one of the 
warmer periods in Turing's relations with 
other people — and that's one reason 
why his suicide was, indeed, a great sur- 
prise. You have the sense that things are 
looking up — and suddenly this thing hits 
you and you realize that the reasons 
behind it were so monumental. He was 
taking on not only all the social and legal 
oppression that everyone else had to face, 
but the entire structure of the military- 
industrial complex. . . . 
RB: ...the national-security state. That's 
one of the strongest ties to the present 

AH: There was a piece I just saw in the 
New York Times that was about gay men 
in the CIA, and that the concessions that 
might have been made a few years ago are 
now being completely withdrawn. The 
officials in that organization are now 
making exactly the same statements as 
British security did at the end of my 
book. They're saying the issue is not real- 
ly blackmail — it's that gay people go in- 
to all sorts of places and we don't know 
where they're going or what they might 
get up to. 

RB: That their sexual lives are uncon- 

AH: Uncontrollable. And the key word is 
control, absolutely. 
RS: At the end of the book, you point 
out that Hiring might have lost the equi- 
librium of thinking that the things he was 
doing were of primary importance — 
suddenly running up against the wall of 
how many more things there were to life 
than the things he was dealing with. 
AH: Yes, I think that's right — that's 
about as deep as I could go. I think he 
may have lost confidence. Of course, 
that's dangerous for me to say — what 
I'm saying is that Turing might have come 
to agree with me\ I've got absolutely no 
basis for saying that, of course; it really is 
going a bit far. But it does seem to me 
that the range of experiences of those 
years were such that they couldn't possi- 
bly be fitted into the type of restricted 
thinking about intelligence that all the 
Hofstadters of the world now apply. His 
life was much bigger than that, and he 
must have realized it himself. 
RB: I think we're leading really well into 
a discussion of Turing's ideas of intelli- 
gence and machine intelligence. You said 
in your notes at the end of the book that 
Alan Turing probably believed that a 
machine could have written this book. 
AH: Well, if you follow through what 
he was saying, that would be what he 
believed, 1 think. 

RB: Near the end of his life, though, as 
you said, he seemed to have come to 
some sense that there's more to intelli- 
gence than he'd ever thought before. 
AH: / think that, yes. I'm glad you 
picked up on that kind of thing, because 
one of the things that disappointed me 
about the reviews is that no one has men- 
tioned that the book ;5 a discussion about 
this whole theory of what intelligence is. 
RS: Turing obviously had some glimmer- 
ings of the limits of his theories. For 
example, at one point in the book you 
mention him saying something along the 
lines of, "if a machine were lo write a 
book, it would probably prefer to write it 
about another machine." He seemed 
aware of the identifications and such that 
people (and presumably other sentient 
beings) make. 
AH: I think that's true, and I say that 

HE BODY POLITIC □ MAY 1984 [ ] 29 


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myself in criticizing him. He did bring 
forward objections of this nature, but he 
just didn't treat them terribly seriously. 
RB: I found myself saying, "this man's 
view of intelligence fits who he was — 
someone who seemed to live from the 
neck up." He didn't, of course, but it 
seems that only at the end of his life did 
he integrate the fact that his body was 
part of his mind. 

AH: Yes. To me, the fact that Turing was 
confronted by the question of how sexu- 
ality could be integrated with his actual 
existence, and his scientific and profes- 
sional existence, was actually a step 
onwards. It was bigger than what he'd 
done before. 

RS: Where has this led you in your think- 
ing about intelligence and where it comes 

AH: Well, I've always been against any of 
this grading and separating off of one 
kind of faculty from another. I hope the 
book will teach people that being a per- 
son of any kind, whether successful or 
famous or not, has very little to do with 
these sorts of examination-type tests of 
cleverness. The true strengths come out 
of very varied kinds of capabilities. For 
instance, even during the war period, I 
was very concerned to point out that it 
wasn't only the cleverness in seeing the 
decoding techniques that was important: 
the Enigma project desperately needed a 
kind of moral autonomy to put its ideas 
across. Generally, in the discussion of the 
war-time stuff, writers have all portrayed 
it as though it were just the "brains" who 
worked on the theory of cryptanalysis in 
a world of its own. It's this world of dis- 
embodied intelligence — as if that intelli- 
gence could automatically be harnessed 
to someone else's effort. It wasn't like 
that at all — the political, "moral" push 
had to come from the same people. 

The importance of this line of criticism 
has been made clear to me by my own ex- 
perience in the gay movement — experi- 
ence with the actual questions of power 
that come in when one talks about sexual- 
ity in particular, and political.things in 
general. I've learned about all that from 
knowing what it's like to be on the receiv- 
ing end. 

One thing about the book is that it's 
not writtten as most books are from the 
perspective of someone on a high vantage 
point. On the whole, although it describes 
those sorts of people, it has a sort of 
worm's-eye view — the lower people are 
on the social spectrum, the more atten- 
tion they get. 

Now, the whole perception that ideas 
and words are absolutely associated with 
power, and that there are only certain 
things you're allowed to think and certain 
things you're allowed to say, comes 
through being gay. As soon as one starts 
talking about thought and communica- 
tion, we know that these things are 
dangerous, that they're not things just to 
do with putting words out on a typewriter 
— they're to do with what you can do to 
survive. I think Turing should have 
known that, too, because although 
people in that period hadn't formed those 
ideas as well as we have formed them 
now, nevertheless, he had both the in- 
telligence and experience to do it. 

I don't see how anything to do with 
language and meaning can be disassocia- 
ted from our actual sensual experience. 
There's nothing mystical or metaphysical 
about this — it's just a physical fact that 
words actually are spoken, and actually 
have physical effects, which bring about 
events, which interact back on us to cause 
pleasure or pain. We use those words 
because of those implications, and not 
because they simply appear out of our 
brains alone. In thinking about intelli- 
gence, I find myself drawn back all the 

''In thinking about 
intelligence, I find 
myself drawn back all the 
time to this question of 
interaction with exper- 
ience in the physical 
world. ...Non-gay men, 
who write most of this 
stuff about artificial 
intelligence, have a 
conception of sexuality 
which is as though, you 
know, they switch it off 
when they're at work." 

time to this question of interaction with 
experience in the physical world. 
RB: That brings us, in a way, to how 
necessary physical existence, sensuality, 
sexucility are to any sense of self. Clearly 
that's missing from most pop conceptions 
of artificial intelligence. 
AH: Oh, totally. Of course, non-gay 
men, who write most of this stuff, have a 
conception of sexuality which is as 
though, you know, they switch it off 
when they're at work. The whole idea of 
an integrated being doesn't seem to occur 
to these people. The whole work-career- 
marriage system just serves to divide 
everything off into compartments. 
Hofstadter's a lot better than that, but 
for the other people, I suppose all the 
questions we're raising now are just 

RB: Maybe the embarrassing questions 
are the ones gay people are in the best 
position to ask. I don't think your book 
could have happened before we had a 
sense of that, before there was a gay 
liberation movement. 
AH: Oh, no. And I hope the book makes 
that absolutely clear. I only heard about 
Alan Turing's story through being in a 
counter-psychiatry group in the London 
Gay Liberation Front. The openness and 
dissemination of information that was 
made possible by the existence of a resis- 
tance movement was essential to the 
whole thing. It's true that I then com- 
bined that with the sort of scientific in- 
sight that I've been very privileged to 
have access to. But I say it because it 
should be said: the gay liberation move- 
ment is not just some "fringey" thing — 
it's a central element in the whole ques- 
tion of what society is. 

Sexuality and the ways it's to be ex- 
pressed and dealt with is part of the 
modern world. It's a major \ate-20th- 
century fact and it's of enormous impor- 
tance — just as important as science or 
computers! D 

Alan Turing: The Enigma by Andrew Hodges. 
Simon and Schuster, New York (General 
Publistiing in Canada) 

30 :: THE BODY POLITIC :: MAY 1984 


A profile by 
Sonja Mills 


are two great filmmakers who make 
great films together, and when they 
aren't researching or making films 
together, they can be seen on Toronto's 
Queen Street, glue pots in hand, hanging 
posters together. They are inseparable 

In fact, I'm still not convinced that 
Holly and Janis aren't one person made 
to look like two. Mirrors? Trickery of 
some sort. Nevertheless, Holly and/or 
Janis are together, and have been for ten 

Their latest film. Hookers on Davie 
(see Chris Bearchell's review, below), 
has just been released. Both filmmakers 
grew up very close to the street, and find 
they are happiest making films about al- 
ternative lifestyles and people on the 
fringe. Their first collaborative project. 
Cream Soda, was a twelve-minute film 
about a private strip-tease club on Yonge 
Street in Toronto. Janis stayed in a stor- 
age room with the sound mixer, listening 
in to each of the wire-tapped rooms, and 
recorded whatever sounded interesting. 
Holly sat in the lobby with a camera and 
filmed the tricks as they came in. They 
would often ask what was going on, but 
the prostitutes would cover for Holly by 
saying she was a kid sister doing a pro- 
ject for school. 

Holly's and Janis's second project 
was called Minimum Charge, No Cover, 
which they thought would be about a 
transsexual they met during the shooting 
of Cream Soda. "She's extremely beau- 
tiful, and all the guys would hang 
around the editing room while we were 
cutting Cream Soda, saying 'Oh, she's 
gorgeous,' " commented Holly. "So we 
thought it would be interesting to let 
them know about her in the next film." 
The woman was unable to complete the 
film, however; instead, the filmmakers 
profiled several of their friends, includ- 
ing homosexuals, transsexuals, drag 
queens and prostitutes, and pieced to- 
gether a collage of alternative lifestyles. 

Next, Holly and Janis decided to look 
into the factors that lead to crime. Their 
research led them to Penetanguishine, 
Ontario, where they made a half-hour 
documentary about the people in a hos- 
pital there for the criminally insane. 
They used the film to raise money to 
work on smother project: they wanted to 
get into the Prison for Women in Kings- 
ton, Canada's only women's prison. Its 
officials, however, would not allow the 
film. But the filmmakers were persistent. 
"It took us four years to get into the 
prison, but we were determined. We 
decided that we really wanted to go 
there. We kept being told no by every- 
body until they finally wrote us a letter 
asking us not to write them anymore so 
they could close the file. We wrote back 
saying that if we could meet the warden 
and get a no from him in person, we 
would never write again. So they ar- 
ranged the meeting, we spent the whole 
day with the warden, and finally he said 
that we could go ahead and make our 
film." The highly acclaimed P4iV: 
Prison for Women was the result. 

The twenty-one days they spent shoot- 
ing there were a very emotional time for 
Holly and Janis, and also for the in- 
mates. "We hated to leave when the 
filming was over; it really tore us apart 
and tore apart a lot of the women we left 






behind. We keep in touch with most of 
them still, especially the ones that are 
still inside. We visit and write letters a lot 
and they're really happy with the film, 
which is a very good feeling for us.... We 
definitely became like the inmates. They 
were our people, we were their people, 
and the authorities couldn't stand that. 
They didn't want us to eat lunch with the 
inmates and we said, 'How can we film 
these people's lives all day and then go 
have lunch with you instead of them?' 
That got them really mad. And because 
we wouldn't eat with the matrons, the 
inmates used to sneak food up from the 
kitchens for us to eat. At one time, we 

were called down to the head security of- 
fices and were told that the inmates were 
going to be put into segregation if they 
continued to do this. We felt really bad 
and told them to stop — so they started 
sneaking twice as much. The only thing 
Aerlyn could eat was cole slaw because 
she's a vegetarian; so they would bring 
her a big bucket of it every day for 

Aerlyn Weissman worked as the sound 
recordist for both P4 Wand Hookers. 
The inmates at the prison named her the 
"official sound being," and she became 
very much a part of the Cole /Dale team. 

Very soon after P41V, Holly and Janis 
decided to begin research for Hookers 
on Davie. After some preliminary advice 
and assistance from Margo St James of 
COYOTE (a prostitution resource centre 
in the States) and Sally de Quadros of 
ASP (the Alliance for the Safety of Pros- 
titutes in Vancouver), they landed on 
Davie Street. 

"When we were making P4W, a few 
people we were filming said to us: 'No- 
body will want to hear about us; they 
don't care about us.' We would assure 
them, even though we didn't know our- 
selves, 'People will care about you, they 
will,' and it was really great when they 
did. We hope that the same thing will 
happen with this film, because prosti- 
tutes are misunderstood a lot. They're 
very invisible people and there's not a lot 
of real information available about 
people who are working as prostitutes. 
These people have come out of i heir 
closets, out of an invisible community 
and have said, 'Okay, fine, we're going 

to tell you about how we live.' We feel 
committed to that and it's really impor- 
tant to us that people take it seriously 
and understand it — not accept or love 
it, but try to understand it. It's very im- 
portant to us that people just listen — 
decide what you want afterward, but 
just listen. Don't let anything get in the 
way of that." 

Holly and Janis hope their next pro- 
ject will be a drama. Janise Gamble, one 
of the inmates in P4 W, was sentenced to 
twenty-five years in prison for being par- 
ty to a crime her husband committed. 
"If we can raise the money, her Hfe story 
will be the next film we make. We don't 
think she should be ignored or forgot- 
ten, because we don't think her prison 
sentence is fair. Twenty-five years with 
no parole is a long time, especially when 
you didn't kill anybody." 

In one scene in P4W, Janise Gamble 
expresses her feelings about Debbie, 
another inmate of the prison, who is 
about to be released. Janise becomes 
very emotional about the loss of her 
friend. "When we first saw Janise and 
Debbie in the prison," says Holly/ Janis, 
"they didn't even seem like part of the 
prison community. They were always by 
themselves, always together, and we 
wondered if they were just two pretty 
girls in prison who stuck with each other 
so they wouldn't be muscled by other 
women in the prison. Then we found out 
that there was this incredible love story. 
They were really in love. It was 

Holly and Janis have always worked 
extremely well together and have said, 
only half jokingly, that if one were to 
die, the other would probably not con- 
tinue making films. They are very tight 
partners; they have a wonderful working 
relationship; and they are a family. Last 
Christmas, Holly's mom cooked Janis a 
turkey and Janis's mom knitted Holly a 

Personally, I can't imagine one with- 
out the other. They complement each 
other almost ridiculously well. So, whe- 
ther Holly and Janis actually exist, or 
whether they are a very convincing split 
personality, I expect to see them /her 
together for a very long time. D 

A review by 
Chris Bearchell 


affords lesbians and gay men a couple of 
unique opportunities: the chance to 
compare our own sexual-minority- 
turned-subculture with another; and a 
chance to see how members of our com- 
munity fare within that other. Hustlers, 
transvestites and transsexuals receive 
their fair share — or more — of the film- 
makers' attention. And the parallels be- 
tween the experiences of hookers and 
queers goes far beyond the common 
contempt of the law-makers and -enfor- 
cers who see all of our bedrooms as 
bawdyhouses — places resorted to for 
the practice of either prostitution or acts 
of indecency, according to the Criminal 
Code. From the confusion and anxiety 
of our mothers to bashings on the street, 
from the anger of a new-found political 
voice to the fear or shame that prompts 
some protestors to don black masks, we 
share a lot of common ground. 

Research took the resolutely inde- 
pendent team of Cole and Dale to Van- 
couver — "the prostitution capital of 
Canada" — where the Alliance for ihc 




Safety of Prostitutes (ASP) directed 
them to Davie Street, not because it's 
typical, but because it isn't. Hustlers and 
hookers, some of them transvestites and 
transsexuals, work the same territory on 
Davie, and help one another cope with 
the hassles of the street. Once intro- 
duced by ASP, Cole and Dale had to gain 
the confidence of their would-be sub- 
jects. Eight people — men and women 
— eventually became the characters 
whose stories are told in the film. Cole 
and Dale seem to have developed the 
closest connections with Tiffany, a 
transvestite, and a transsexual named 
Michelle. The end result is a dramatic 
portrait of a vibrant, if not always kind, 
street and of some of the most interest- 
ing people who live and work on it. 

Cole and Dale call their approach to 
documentary filmmaking "direct cin- 
ema," a combination of cinema verite — 
in this case consisting mostly of footage 
shot from a van while the characters ply 
their trade — and interviews (minus the 
interviewer). Direct cinema requires, or 
perhaps creates, a rapport bordering on 
identification between filmmaker and 
subject. Davie Street belongs to the film- 
makers almost as much as it does to 
those whose world and perspective are 
documented in the film. And the film 
belongs to Michelle and Tiffany and the 
other six characters almost as much as it 
does to Cole and Dale. 

The straight residents of Davie and 
the cops who walk the beat are not in- 
cluded — Cole and Dale do not pretend 
to be objective. (The only "outsider" to 
take up substantial space in the film is 
Michelle's mother.) The voices of the 
hookers on Davie come through loud 
and clear. And unexpurgated. Like all 
targets of anger and violence, Michelle 
dishes out her share: she blows up at 
Tiffany in a bar, admits to stabbing 
tricks in self-defence. Yes, stereotypes 
are confirmed here, sometimes even em- 
braced, in the process of revealing the 
surface for what it is while, at the same 
time, revealing the underlying humanity. 
There is no way for a sensitive viewer not 
to feel sympathy for the characters in 
this film. 

Cole's and Dale's direct-cinema tech- 
niques were used effectively in P4W, 
where the bell-jar world of a women's 
prison was particularly suited to them. 
Davie Street is, in their words, a less- 
controlled environment, and one that 
seems to illuminate the limitations of 
direct cinema. Documentary filmmaking 
is fraught with pitfalls for a cinema- 
tographer with a conscience. The very 
term "documentary" creates in a viewer 
an unreasonable expectation: the direct 
rendering of reality on film. Cole and 
Dale have a conscience, and direct cine- 
ma seems to be their way of trying to 
reduce themselves to extensions of their 
equipment so that their preconceptions 
do not influence their films. But distor- 
tion is inevitable: regardless of conscious 
intentions, the camera cannot simply 
passively record. It selects, frames and 
shapes experience, information and 
ideas. By scrupulously trying to avoid 
imposing their own interpretation, Cole 
and Dale don't provide us with quite 
enough context to understand fully what 
we are seeing on the screen. The film ex- 
plains, for instance, that Davie Street is 
unique, that the collaboration among 
hustlers, queens and female hookers 
keeps the street "pimp-free." But how is 
the viewer to appreciate the significance 
of that without something to compare it 
to, without the knowledge of how pros- 
titution is carried on a few blocks from 
Davie on streets where hookers are con- 
trolled by pimps? 

In contrast to their usual role as pimps 
in uniform (see TBP, January /February), 
the cops on Davie are shown as disinter- 
ested. The film doesn't say anything 
about the current nationwide poUce 
campaign for stronger laws to allow 
them more control over prostitution, or 
hint at the tension they've helped create 
between hooker and their neighbours by 
claiming that, without these laws, 
nothing can be done to deal with the 

Cole's and Dale's desire to avoid a 
script made up of their own preconcep- 
tions is understandable and admirable, 
but it doesn't mean that a script doesn't 
get written along the way. Just as inter- 

*' Hookers on Davie 

puts on the screen 

contradictions tliat could 

have been enlightening if 

they'd been explored. 
Prostitution is just a job, 

the characters insist; 

they have a right to be 

proud of what they do. 
Yet they wear masks to 
demonstrations. Why?'* 

pretation without information produces 
an incomplete picture, so too does infor- 
mation without interpretation. The con- 
scientious filmmaker is one who distin- 
guishes between the two, not one who 
eliminates either one in favour of the 

Hookers on Davie puts on the screen 
contradictions that could have been en- 
lightening if they'd been explored. Pros- 
titution is just a job, the characters in- 
sist; they have the right to be proud of 
themselves and what they do. Yet they 
wear black masks to demonstrations. 
Why? The movie implies that they are 
not in the sex business by choice. But are 
most of us ever in any line of work com- 
pletely by choice? At the demonstration, 
the hookers demand "Alternatives not 
laws." Alternatives to the law? To work- 
ing the street? A straight audience could 
read the hookers' placards as a plea for 
alternatives to prostitution /?er^e. The 
film doesn't attempt to explain the enig- 
matic picket signs, but it does present an 
unrelenting picture of violence, drugs 
and despair. Sure, that's part of their 
reality, but presenting victims — even in 
their own terms — without asking where 
the victimization comes from is not 
enough. Are the people in this film vic- 
timized by bad upbringings? Or by the 
way our social system exerts control over 
them? These questions are too impor- 

tant to leave to implication, to the hope 
that the camera will catch the answers by 
accident. It's one thing for a film to 
produce sympathy, quite another for it 
to generate pity. Perhaps the characters 
who shape the film are so inured to dis- 
approval that they don't distinguish be- 
tween sympathy and pity. But surely 
they don't want sympathy translated in- 
to a desire to save them from them- 
selves, to force them off the streets. The 
supportive filmmaker should ensure that 
no such misinterpretation is likely. 

Cole and Dale have done what no oth- 
er Canadian filmmaker has done: they 
have opened the door on this once-hid- 
den world and invited us to look in. But 
our glimpse is limited. We want to learn, 
but our learning would be easier and 
more thorough if they'd provided us 
with a map of the terrain. While they 
have produced a powerful portrait of an 
unusual street and the men and women 
who populate it, they've left some of the 
hardest questions unasked. 

Perhaps these questions cannot be 
properly asked or answered in the medi- 
um of documentary film; maybe they 
can only be asked by natives of the 
world that is under scrutiny. The men 
and women of Davie Street may be the 
only ones who could produce a really 
useful map for us. Cole and Dale have 
taken the first steps to educating people; 
they ask that we listen, and we should. 
The next examination of the issue has to 
go further. It has to ask the tough ques- 
tions. That kind of political analysis can 
best be done from the inside, looking 
out. Next time, the prostitutes should 
step out of the roles of characters, sub- 
jects, victims, get their hands on the 
cameras and aim them not simply at 
each other, but at the world that shapes 
the lives of hookers on Davie Street. D 

Hookers on Davie is currently showing at the 
Carlton Cinemas in Toronto. The film will have 
its Vancouver premiere at the Ridge Theatre 
May 17 at 9:30 pm, during the Vancouver 
Film Festival, to be followed by a continued 
run at the Bay Theatre — on Davie Street. 
Hookers will also be screened at the Victoria 
Film Festival May 26. 


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I he conditions of homosexual life 
in North America have changed so 
profoundly and with such rapidity 
in the past four decades that the 
term "history" is now being ap- 
plied to the youthful experiences of 
people who are not yet middle-aged. The 
passage of a mere twenty years has been 
enough to render gay literature histori- 
cally quaint, and the customs of the 
1950s are presently attracting as much 
attention as newly discovered artifacts 
from a lost civilization. 

Like early French radicals, who re- 
started the calendar with 1792 as the year 
1, the gay movement of the 1970s tended 
to assign all gay culture from before 
1969 to the dustbin of prehistory. For- 
tunately, the 1980s have given us a 
longer view of our development as a 
community, thanks to such ground- 
breaking work as Allen Berube's 
research on gays during World War II. 
The period between the war and the 
Stonewall riot was a critical one in gay 
history. The corresponding period in 
North American gay fiction began in 
1948 with the appearance of Gore 
Vidal's The City and the Pillar and end- 
ed in 1973 with the publication of Rita 
Mae Brown's Rubyfruit Jungle. Al- 
though since overshadowed by the liter- 
ary explosion of the 1970s and '80s, a 
significant body of writing on gay 
themes appeared during this twenty-five- 
year period, far exceeding in both qual- 
ity and quantity what had gone before. 

Recently, some of these titles have 
begun to reappear in print. Just two 
years ago, Alyson Publications brought 
out a new edition of James Barr's classic 
1950 novel, Quatrefoil. Now, after more 
than fifteen years out of print. North 
Point Press is publishing one of the ma- 
jor American gay novels of the 1960s: 
Sanford Friedman's Totempole. 

The original Totempole was published 
in 1965 by Dutton, the same company 
that had printed The City and the Pillar. 
The cover of my battered 1966 Signet 
paperback, which I bought second-hand 
some years ago for ten cents, describes it 
as an "underground novel" which "pre- 
sents a man's life solely in the form of 
sexual experience." This suggests that 
the book is full of explicit sex. It isn't. 
The major theme is Stephen Wolfe's 
development as a sexual being, his denial 
of his homosexuality and his eventual 
self-acceptance. A coming-out story, in 
other words. 

The bulk of the novel describes the 
hero's childhood and adolescence. The 
eight chapters are named for different 
"totemic" figures, mostly animals, who 
represent the stages of Stephen's sexual 
and moral development. Sometimes this 
scheme works well, as in the chapter, 
"Monkeys," which describes Stephen's 
discovery of both manual masturbation 
and sexual guilt. The contrast between 
the decorous asexuality of a plush ani- 
mal toy and the nasty public sex habits 
of simians in a zoo reveals the artificial- 
ity of what our culture considers human. 
At other times, the author's scheme 
shows signs of strain. The chapter enti- 
tled "Rats," for example, does contain 
plenty of references to unpleasant ro- 
dents, but they do little to illuminate the 
main character's development and the ti- 
tle remains cryptic at best. The totem 
motif, in such cases, seems artificial and 
unduly programmatic. 

The most ambitious, and most diffi- 
cult, aspect of the book is its evocation 
of childhood eroticism. At their best, 
Friedman's descriptions have a vitality 

Totempole by Sanford Friedman. North Point 
Press (850 Talbot Avenue, Berkeley, CA 
97706). $13.50 pbk (US) 



that renders them believable and which 
is likely to remind the reader of his or 
her own early experiences. Stephen's 
first erotic responses are literally ocean- 
ic, a theme which is sustained through- 
out the novel. The author has the right 
instincts; unfortunately, they are too 
often hobbled by the conventions of 
Freudian psychology. Yet at other times 
the novel seems to challenge those con- 
ventions. Stephen's early sexuality is 
sweet, playful and unselfconsciously 
homoerotic. His "perversion" is the 
gradual crippling of this innocent sensu- 
ality by adult guilt, in the name of 
science and religion. Stephen learns to 
hate himself and cut himself off from 
the possibility of love. 

Despite numerous opportunities for 
sexual expression, Stephen does not 
become whole until the last section of 
the book, when he is serving in the army 
in Korea. (The military experience was a 
common feature of gay fiction in the 
decades after World War II.) There his 
capacity for self-acceptance is awakened 
by the love of a North Korean doctor. 
Stephen learns that, like Korea, he is in 
partition, his mind and body at war with 
one another. 

There are only a few incidents of 
actual sexual intercourse in the novel. 
The author's elliptical phrasing prevents 
these accounts from being explicit or 
even particularly sexy. There is, how- 
ever, a climactic (in more ways than 
one!) scene that affirms ass-fucking as 
not only good and pleasurable, but as 
profoundly liberating as well. 

These passages of Totempole that 
describe Stephen's adolescent struggles 
with sexual guilt in the context of a 
middle-class New York Jewish family 
echo some of the bitter humour of Philip 

Roth. While Friedman's scenes are rich 
in comic potential, they are ultimately 
less savage, and less funny, than Roth's. 
They communicate the sadness that 
comes from the frustration of the 
human capacity for love. It is no small 
accomplishment that the author main- 
tains our sympathy, not only for 
Stephen, but also for his confused and 
anxiety-ridden parents. 

Interestingly, it is Friedman's attempt 
to validate and affirm gay sexuality 
which seems most to date his novel. 
Among the North American novels of 
the pre-Stonewall period, it is those 
which .take homosexuality as an unques- 
tioned given, such as Christopher Isher- 
wood's A Single Man, Jane Rule's Des- 
ert of the Heart and James Baldwin's 

Another Country, which are today the 
easiest to read. The more self-conscious- 
ly propagandistic works, notably The 
City and the Pillar and Baldwin's Gio- 
vanni's Room, seem far more distant. 
They plead our cause within the frame- 
work of a debate whose terms are out- 
side our control. These last two novels 
end in death — one by murder, the other 
by execution. Totempole appeared at a 
time of cultural ferment and falls some- 
where in the middle. While it takes 
homosexuality as its central concern, the 
novel ends not in death but in rebirth. It 
reflects the shift that was taking place 
between the 1950s concern with the 
"why" of homosexuality and the 1970s 
interest in the "how." What emerges is 
less an explanation of homosexual desire 
than an examination of the forces that 
thwart its expression. 

The original publication of Totempole 
prefigured by only a few years the emer- 
gence of the modern gay liberation 
movement. Its reappearance now is a 
sign of our growing maturity and self- 
awareness as a community. It's an occa- 
sion to celebrate. Robin MetcalfeD 


Rape, ugly bears 
and farting dogs 

The Hotel New Hampshire. Oir: Tony Richard- 
son. Orion Films. 

Tony Richardson's film of John Irving's 
The Hotel New Hampshire is a failure, 
and a mess, but an interesting mess. It's 
as choppy and uneven as Fassbinder's 
Querelle and, at times, nearly as pom- 
pous. But it's very lively — one damn 
thing after another hitting the fan. But 
at 108 minutes the film is too short, too 
much a Selected Dramatic Highpoints 
stitched into a fury. 

Too bad. Hotel is Irving's best novel 
to date (much better that the overly- 
crowed-about The World According to 
Garp) and is not entirely untranslatable 
to film. As a lurid fairy tale about a 
wierd family who lives out a dream of 
trying to manage a successful hotel, the 
book is frequently catastrophic, refiec- 
tive, funny, serious, deliberately maud- 
lin, very ironic, obvious and gently mys- 
terious. A telegraphed doom informs 
everything. Irving uses domestic routine 
as a grounding for the appalling caprices 
that name and stick to the hapless Berry 
family Hke stigma to a hooker. 

What spoils the film adaptation is the 
loss of domesticity and ironic overview, 
the untidy scripting. Director /screen- 

Kinski, Lowe and Foster in Hotel New Hampshire: "let's not get too serious here, eh folks?' 


writer Richardson is given to both sensa- 
tionalism and bowdlerizing, and mistak- 
enly thinks he's still directing Tom 
Jones. So the film whirls into hit-or-miss 
country. The idea of using an off-hand, 
casual but exact rhythm for action 
scenes works marvellously for the dinner 
table fight, but is slack and crude in the 
opening and closing sequences. The rape 
of Franny (Jodie Foster) is vivid and 
awful, casts the right amount of long 
shadow, and the erotic tension between 
Franny and her brother John (Rob 
Lowe) is tactile and the most consistent 
thing in the film. But its consummation, 
comic and serious in the book, is ruined 
here by glibness and visual jokes that re- 
mind my nose of Jerry Lewis. 

Richardson's sloppy adaptation con- 
stantly reminds us — let's not get too 
serious here, eh folks! Like, let's not 
mention why Sabrina Jones has false 
teeth, or that Father actually went to bed 
with hookers after Mother died. And 
tone down the lesbian sex from cunnilin- 
gus to innocent necking, and obscure 
why Frank doesn't have boyfriends (this 
one's Irving's fault, actually). Better ab- 
breviate Mother's death too. But since 
revenge is big, let's tart up Franny's 
revenge of Chipper Dove; let's keep 
Frank's humiliating mud-fuck and his 
revenge for it. Let's have more or less 
equal balance among the victimizations 
but not get into the finer points of in- 
cest, racism, parental death or gay sex. 
It's time to tone down that damn farting 
dog Sorrow as a symbol, and cast glam- 
orous clotheshorse Nastassja Kinski as 
the ugly Susie the Bear!! That'll crock 

Not me it didn't. 

A postscript of praise — hats off to 
the acting, especially to Foster, Lowe, 
and Jennie Dundas, as Lilly, the self-con- 
fessed dwarf. And I'm glad all the i^ex in 
the film is realized without judgment, 
that rape is not confused with sex. 

Colin Smith D 


Sense and sensation 
for an AIDS overdose 

The AIDS Fact Book by Ken Mayer, MD and 
Hank Pizer. Bantam Books, $3.95. 
Everything You Must Know About Acquired 
Immune Deficiency Syndrome, ttie Killer 
Epidemic of ttie '80s, by Janet Baker. R & E 
Publishers (Box 2008, Saratoga, CA). $7.95 

Perhaps I shouldn't write what I am ac- 
tually thinking. Many might think it is 
insensitive while nearly two thousand 
surviving AIDS patients continue to 
struggle valiantly with their illness and 
many of my medical colleagues press on 
with their treatment and support of 
them. But, the fact is, I've OD'd on 
aids! For two and a half years I have 
thought about AIDS every day, read, 
written and lectured about it incessantly, 
suspected it more than I have seen it, at- 
tended conferences, sat on committees 
about it. I've dreaded its advance and 
have been awed at our community's res- 
ponse. I have thanked Whomever that 
Toronto, where I live, has been largely 
spared. I have even dreamed about it. 
After all that, who would have ex- 
pected that I would find The AIDS Fact 
Book not simply far from boring, but in- 
teresting? It's wonderful! — clear with- 
out being condescending, and complete 
without being overwhelming. It gives as 
good an outline of the immune system 
and other complicated medical aspects 
of AIDS as I can imagine needing. It 
treads very well the fine line between 
being politically correct about the un- 
necessary exacerbations of the AIDS 
problem that come from social prejudice 
and its effects on each of us personally, 
and being cautiously clear in its recom- 

The dice are rolled and your token, a pair of handcuffs, lands one space before "Castro 
Street," the property with your bathhouse on it. You pick up a Sleaze Bag card and are 
instructed to either give a tieart-wrenching rendition of Blanche Dubois emoting "I always 
depend on ttie kindness of stranger" or be banisfied to Straight City. 

This, as you may have guessed, is no ordinary board game. It's Gay Monopoly, a wonder- 
ful new version of the old standby, from the Parker Sisters (of Fire Island Games, Inc). The 
whole set is a hoot: from the cast-metal teddy-bear token to the full-colour board, you can 
tell this game is put together with care. And you're invited to change the rules and "be in- 
ventive like gay people always are." 

The game is distributed in Canada exclusively by the ... . It Store, and is available for 
$27.98 at their Thunder Bay, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, Saint John, NB and Halifax outlets, 
or by mail order (add $2) from 52 McCaul St, Toronto, ON M5T 1\/9. About $5 (all the manu- 
facturer's profits) from each game goes to AIDS research and support groups. Parker Sisters 
also tells us that there's a lesbian version coming soon. So get a bunch of friends together, 
have yourself a ball. . . and see who ends up Queen of the Mountain! Paul AboudD 

mendations about risk reduction 

And a very fine line that can be. I 
watched with interest while The Body 
Politic was criticized for seeming to 
ignore the real costs of AIDS while it 
tried to examine the destructive forces 
coming not only from outside but also 
from within the community, as we all 
struggled with our fears of annihilation. 
I also watched closely the debate within 
the gay and non-gay medical community 
about how far to go in promoting life- 
style changes as means of preventing the 

spread of an infection that we did not 
fully understand. 

Mayer and Pizer have also paid atten- 
tion to both sides of all the arguments, 
deciding in the end that people are bright 
enough to guide their own lives if they 
have the information they need. At least 
until there is significantly more informa- 
tion known I don't think we can expect a 
better text for helping us make informed 
decisions than The AIDS Fact Book. 

It is unfair, perhaps, for me to go on 
to review Janet Baker's book.... Like a 

soap operas and 
too-gentle voices 

The annual convention of the American Culture 
Association and the Popular Culture Associa- 
tion was held this year in Toronto, from March 
29 to April 1 . About 1 ,500 people, mainly 
teachers of English, history, mass media, soci- 
ology and anthropology, presented papers in 
more than four hundred sessions. Three of the 
sessions were identified as Gay and Lesbian 
Studies, including one on the Toronto gay com- 
munity organized by IBP and John Leo of the 
University of Rhode Island. Several papers in 
other sessions also dealt with lesbian and gay 
themes, but sometimes you needed to be really 
good at picking up on hints to realize what they 
were actually talking about. 

Mark Dombrowski told one session that 
more than a quarter of the main characters in 
recent American gay fiction are still killed oft 
by the end of the story. Many of these charac- 
ters are relatively young. Another quarter of 
the main characters lose their lovers to the grim 
reaper and a few more become victims of alco- 
holism or blackmail. Dombrowski says that 
this is partly because of the conventions of tra- 
gic romance and partly because novelists don't 
know what to do with characters after relation- 
ships have broken up! The study was based 
on more than thirty gay novels written since 
1975 that probably can be bought in a reason- 
ably sophisticated general bookstore. (The offi- 
cial guide to Toronto produced for the confer- 
ence listed every specialist bookstore in town 
except Glad Day Bookshop.) 

These novels are likely to have some effect 

on the image that American gay men have of 
themselves; stereotypes can become a self-ful- 
filling prophecy. Measured by a standard scale 
developed in 1975, the occupations of the main 
characters on aggregate are gender neutral, if 
not slightly "feminine." In other words, these 
novels still tend to reinforce the typical image 
of gays as writers, artists and entertainers. 
Florists, hair stylists and ballet dancers appear 
as secondary characters. There are some stu- 
dents, hustlers of course, and, in the novels of 
Gordon Merrick and others, characters who 
are either filthy rich or waiting for the wealthy 
aunt to die. 

Although none of the novels suggest that 
gays are emotionally unstable or are "child 
molesters." promiscuity is everywhere. On the 
other hand, there are many silences. There are 
few characters over 40 years old, and gay 
rights, political action and religion don't seem 
to exist. The eloquent condemnation of war in 
The Boy Who Rcked The Bullets Up is one of 
very few treatments of such issues. 

Dombrowski criticized the continued, 
though subtle, stereotypes that continue to ex- 
ist in American gay fiction. Many of the writers 
themselves are gay and the stereotypes are 
therefore to some extent self-imposed. Young 
readers, Dombrowski suggests, may unneces- 
sarily restrict their choice of occupation. And 
tragic romance seems an unrealistic form for a 
subculture that loves life so much. 

The second gay studies session had an in- 
teresting presentation by Rod Carveth of Cleve- 
land State University. He described research 
showed that women and men who watch TV 
soap operas had more liberal attitudes to abor- 
tion, divorce, extra-marital sex and homosexu- 
ality than do those who eschew the soaps. The 
more liberal attitude to homosexuality exists 
despite the scarcity of lesbians and gay men in 

soaps. Carveth's research did not actually 
show that soap-watching causes more liberal 
attitudes. One commentator suggested that 
men who watch soaps on TV are "different." 

There were three papers on popular music 
that also dealt with sexual politics. Leslie 
Rothaus from the University of Wisconsin des- 
cribed punk femininity as having the effect of 
fending off unwelcome male advances, even 
though styles that make women feet tough 
leave them open to taunts of being "lezzies." 
Rothaus described punk as a reponse to 
chronic unemployment, especially among 
young working-class women. For some, punk 
style is a way of coming out as lesbian. 

Harris Taylor, a free-lance video artist and 
writer from Guelph, Ontario showed a video on 
women in Toronto's new music culture. In the 
same session Robert Wallace of the Aids Com- 
mittee of Toronto and teacher of English at York 
University, described the problems posed for 
feminist and gay musicians by acceptance 
from the entertainment industry. Success often 
is accompanied by restricted opportunities to 
speak, dress and act openly in opposition to 
the dominant culture. In Canada, of course, 
this includes our massive domination by US 
culture industries. In this respect everyone in 
Canada is marginal. 

In the Clarendon Room of the Westbury 
Hotel, four women spoke about Utopias in 
women's science fiction to an audience of 
twenty women and three men. The voices 
were gentle. I wondered what other voices 
these walls had heard in the years when the 
Westbury had been a meeting place for the 
Communist Party, and more recently when 
gay men spilled over into the hotel from the 
only two gay bars that then existed in Toron- 
to. How could the voices be so gentle? 

Women's science fiction of the nineteenth 

century was almost always critical of mar- 
riage as an institution. Some novels hinted 
that women could live without men. After 
1875, to suggest this seemed to have become 
more difficult. But all of these novels were 
critical of what were seen as the men's values 
of individualism, competitiveness, violence 
and war. 

Today it is being suggested that in these 
novels, motherhood and child-rearing are the 
primary human activities. Another voice finds 
them an argument against logic and linear 
thought and for wholism, continuity and com- 
munity. As the tranquil voices of the speakers 
described this comforting and close world, I 
wondered who they were arguing against. 
Who wouldn't subscriB&'to such a notion of 
community and mutual aid, put that way? 
Who wouldn't give anything at the end of a 
long day of argument and uncertainty for 
such a world? 

Anything? Because there was something 
here that wasn't being said. About one-third 
of the imaginary worlds created in women's 
science fiction since 1970 eliminate men 
completely. But the word lesbian was never 

I wanted to ask why nobody said that we 
were dealing here with several lesbian nov- 
els. I didn't, because somehow it seemed a 
violent thing to do. I though of all of the gentle 
and confident voices in my own life that never 
had to assert their heterosexuality, and the 
violence of that assumption. I thought again 
of the many voices throughout the years that 
had been heard by these walls. Some of them 
must have been angry. Not because they 
wouldn't have chosen to speak with gentle 
voices, but because it was necessary that 
certain things be said. 



second helping of dessert pressed on by a 
doting grandmother, whatever was good 
in it might only have been lost to a sati- 
ated appetite. It is not that it is a bad 
book; certainly, it is factually correct. 
But it is plain confusing in some ways, 
for example, the apparent credit of auth- 
orship to Janet Baker. It seems to be an 
amalgam of extensive quotations from 
other publications, linked together with 
introductory tidbits. Perhaps "compiled 
by" or "edited by" would have been 
more honest. The format makes for dis- 
jointed reading. Even the cover is irritat- 
ing in its cheap design and evident sensa- 
tionalism. Forget this one! 

I may not have read all of the avail- 
able AIDS books, but, after The AIDS 
Fact Book, I hardly think I need to. 

Stephen Atkinson D 


Evei^day eroticism 

Sex or Symbol by Catherine Johns. University 
of Texas Press, $24.95. 

This book may be written in a fairly light 
style, but it contains the important mes- 
sage that the ancients, both Greeks and 
Romans, viewed sex and sexuality in a 
completely different light than we do. 
Much of what has been called erotic art 
is not, argues Johns, because our own 
sense of the erotic has been so formed by 
our Victorian forebears that we view the 
sexual nature of much antique art incor- 
rectly. Sex, far from being taboo, was 
for the Greeks and Romans a natural 
part of life and an integral part of wor- 
ship. The fertility rites of Dionysus and 
Priapus were of fundamental impor- 
tance in an agricultural economy, and 
the image of a phallus had an apotropaic 
(ie, prophylactic) function, warding off 
evil spirits. 

Out of the confusion of erotic images, 
Johns distinguishes four types: those 
which are specifically religious; those 
which are apotropaic (ex-votos and 
good-luck charms); humorous images; 
and finally, those which are intended to 
be erotic. With the aid of some fine il- 
lustrations, Johns provides examples of 
£ill of these categories, noting, in pass- 
ing, the prevalence of postures which 
reveal the genitalia of the participants; 
that women are more passive in Greek 
images; that anal intercourse does not 
usually appear in Greek "homosexual" 
images; and that tenderness rarely seems 
a part of these images. The homosexual 
images are, in fact, quite tame, generally 
an older man caressing a youth. Because 
these mentor and protege relationships 
constituted what was publicly accepted 
gay life in Greece, none of the illustrated 
examples shows two men of similar ages. 

While present in Sappho's poetry, les- 
bian images do not enter the world of 
common images. Despite having provid- 
ed us with the word "lesbian," the an- 
cient Greeks seem to have found lesbian 
imagery of little interest. 

The objects Johns discusses are, with 
a few notable exceptions, low art — ap- 
plied decoration to mirrors, pots, cups 
and small tokens and amulets. This fact 
is crucial to the book's argument — that 
sex was viewed as a part of life, not as 
aberrant behaviour, in ancient times. 
Everyday objects were decorated with 
sexual images; they were not different 
from objects decorated with other sub- 
ject matter. Sex and .sexuality (gay or 
straight) were an integral part of life. 

Johns shows that the categorization of 
sexual imagery as evil and separate is an 
error of the Victorians, whose strictures 
still misinform us, paradoxically elevat- 

Pan group from Herculaneum: "Sex, far from being taboo, was a natural part of life and worship" 

ing sex to a status it did not enjoy in 
ancient times. The Greeks and Romans 
were generally more accepting and thus 
saw the superb Pan group from Hercu- 
laneum (Pan fucking a goat) as a great 
work of art, not as a scene of unspeak- 
able bestiality. This book will have per- 
formed a great service if it helps some of 
our contemporaries to do the same. 



Status (quo) seekers 

Mae West Is Dead: Recent Lesbian and Gay 
Fiction. Edited by Adam Mars-Jones. Faber 
and Faber, $9.95. 

This anthology offers twenty-one new 
short stories by British and American 
writers and one Canadian, Jane Rule. 
The introduction by Mars- Jones is an in- 
sightful critique of Vermillion and 
Cobalt, two gay detective novels by 
Nathan Aldyne. The stories are equally 
divided between men and women auth- 
ors and range from bad to excellent. 

One of the things that struck me about 
the book is that most of the characters, 
especially the lesbians, seem to be, or 
definitely are, middle-class. When given, 
the occupations of the lesbian characters 
are: a lawyer, a dentist, a graduate stu- 

dent who lives with the dentist, a physi- 
cal education instructor, a nurse, two 
secretaries, and a (white) blues singer. 
Except for Merril Mushroom's hutches, 
and Sandy Boudher's secretary, the les- 
bians shown here seem fairly well inte- 
grated into the socio-economic status 
quo, and as such they pose no particular 
threat to the system. 

Is this a trend, or was it simply Mars- 
Jones's editorial policy? Another curious 
fact: All the lesbian stories, except for 
Mushroom's, are about encounters with 
the straight world. Only two of the les- 
bian characters are shown to have les- 
bian friends. 

The men, for some reason, are more 
willing to examine gay interaction and 
economic questions. Daniel Curzon's 
"Victor" poses an interesting checkmate 
between a gay teacher, a black woman, 
and the military. Richard Hall's remark- 
ably complex "The Prisoner of Love" 
pits a gay liberationist against a monied 
clone, using a Puerto Rican hustler as 
foil. Clone sees the hustler as an exotic 
piece of trade. Politico sees him as a 
romantic victim of American imperial- 
ism. Hall shows us two sides of the same 
middle-class coin. 

I don't mean to criticize the lesbian 
stories for their class preoccupations, 
especially not from a literary standpoint. 
Rarely did the social status of the char- 
acters interfere with the quality of the 

Fashion victim 

I can't quite put my finger on why I loathe 
the Italian racing-car-driver gloves which 
some rock guitarists are sporting on their 
strumming hands — it has something to do 
with pose, fabricated allure and macho 
speed and heat. But I know exactly why I 
reserve so much hatred for the little black 
cords with which certain preppies among us 
connect the bows of their oh-so-retro Ray 
Ban sunglasses, allowing for round-the- 
neck dangling au chest. It's because the 
style qualifies as "offensive cool," a fashion 
so vicious, so intimidatlngly correct that it 
immediately renders the wearer too cool to 
move. Sunglasses alone aren't a put-down, 
but Ray Bans scream "I've got them, you 
don't, " and Ray Bans-with-cord positively 
pronounce, "Eat my dust." 

No, hold it, wail a minute. I confess: the 
real problem is I'll never be able to wear the 
things I wear glasses anyway, OK?, and so 
it goes without saying, Ray Bans are not for 

me. That makes me so angry I want to 
smash furniture. I could get contacts and 
then I'd be able to wear Ray Bans over top, 
but that's not a good enough reason to shell 
out for contacts, is it? Well, would you? 
Seriously? Well, sure, I agree, I'd look 
fabulous in them, but. ... But just you wait: 
clip-ons are back in style, you know, the 
sunshade lenses designed for regular 
glasses, held on with those delicate little 
You'll besorry. Yet. PtiilShawl : 

writing. Anne Leaton's "Idyll," one of 
my favourites, offers a refreshing replay 
of an old theme (lesbian attracted to 
straight) and is quite universal, in spite 
of the fact that the heroine wears nylons. 

I must say, though, that the middle- 
class bias did worry me a little. A large 
percentage of the thrust of lesbian fem- 
inism has always been toward achieving 
professional and economic equality and 
status, and that's as it should be, but I 
wouldn't want to see it get too far out of 
hand. Theoretically, at least, it is easier 
coming out to your parents and the 
world at large if you're a lawyer than if, 
say, you work part-time as a waitress and 
spend your nights playing in a rock 
band. Being a lawyer does buoy one's 
self-esteem. One's lesbianism can be 
then seen as a small infraction of the 

But is this what we want? Does the 
size of one's paycheque really indicate 
one's worth as a lesbian? This works two 
ways, of course: another percentage of 
lesbian feminism has been aimed at 
downward mobility and the deification 
of the working class. Perhaps these stor- 
ies reflect some sort of reaction to that. 

Barbara Wilson's "Phantom Limb 
Pain," for example, presents two lesbian 
lovers, one an intelligent and aspiring 
nurse, the other a dull and lazy secretary. 
That seems rather a set-up. "I could 
never be a secretary, Sasha thought, ir- 
ritated, pitying.... We're professionals, 
at least, though we don't get near 
enough money compared to the doctors. 
Still, it's a challenge. Always something 
to learn, emergencies where you can 
really help." In terms of reality, the situ- 
ation could have been reversed, with a 
bright and restless secretary and a se- 
cure, apathetic nurse. It almost seems 
more likely. 

I would have enjoyed reading, for 
balance, a story about a lesbian (or two) 
living a rich and happy Ufe inside of a 
small income. One's job is, after all, not 
one's personality. A low income does 
not necessarily imply stupidity and 
squalor. It can even be argued that the 
vapid constriction of middle-class exis- 
tence is in itself a form of squalor. To 
quote an old song, it's not what you do, 
it's the way that you do it. 

Michelle BellingD 



Mrs Oscar Wilde: A Woman of Importance 

by Anne Clark Amor (Sidgwick & Jackson, 
$19.95) is the first biography of the woman 
Wilde married early in his life, and who de- 
fended him even after he became disenchant- 
ed with her. Charles H Hession's John May- 
nard Keynes: A Personal Biography of the 
Man Who Revolutionized Capitalism and the 
Way We Live (Macmillan, $27.50) is this 
year's second biography on the famous 
economic theorist. "Styled as a psychosexual 
biography," according to Publishers Weekly. 
"the book urges upon the theory that 
Keynes's creative genius was causally linked 
to his homosexuality." A L Rowse's popular 
Homosexuals in History: Ambivalence in So- 
ciety, Literature and the .\rts, returns in 
paperback for $13.95 (Carroll & GraO. 

New lit crit? In Laden Choirs: The Fiction 
of Patrick White (University Press of Ken- 
tucky. S25 US), Peter Wolfe analyzes the ex- 
tensive works of the gay Nobel laureate wri- 
ter. Sarah Elbert analyzes those well- 
thumbed pages .so many liiile women and lit- 
tle men have loved, in K Hunger for Home: 
Louisa May Alcoll and Lillle Women (Tem- 
ple, $24.95 US), and sees in them an evolving 
feminist pattern in literature. 

New plays? Doric Wilson's very funny K 
Perfect Kelalionship: A Domestic Comedy in 
Two .Acts is available from Sea Horse Press 
for $5.95 US. Also from Sea Horse is Korty- 
Deuce: A Play bv Alan How nc ($5.95 US), 
which I i^rn'M- called "a powerful and 

BODY POLITIC D MAY 1984 ! " 35 

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fascinating excursion into the nightmare 
world of homosexual prostitution." It has 
just been transferred to the screen, in a film 
directed by Paul Morrisey and starring Kevin 
Bacon and Orson Bean. 

Foreskin: lis Past, lis Present and... lis 
Future! by Bud Berkeley and J Tiffenbach, is 
available for $18.95 from Glad Day Book- 
shop (648A Yonge St, 2nd fl, Toronto, ON 
M5Y 2A6) — no publisher is indicated on the 
book. Prejudice and Pride: Discrimination 
Against Gay People in Modern Britain is 
edited by Bruce Galloway, and is available 
for $1 1.95 US from Routledge & Kegan Paul. 
The Disease Detectives: Deadly Medical 
Mysteries and the People Who Solved Them 
by Gerald Astor, includes material on AIDS 
and is available for $8.75 from Plume (New 
American Library of Canada). 

Jenny Lives With Eric & Martin by 
Susanne Bosche is a delightful true-life ac- 
count, crammed with photos and drawings, 
of a young girl living with her father and his 
lover. Published by England's Gay Men's 
Press, the book is distributed in North Amer- 
ica for $7.50 by Alyson Publications (Box 
2783, Boston, MA 02208). 

Medieval Latin Poems of Male Love and 
Friendship, selected and translated by Thom- 
as Stehling ($31 US from Garland Publish- 
ing, 136 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10016), 
is the first anthology of its kind, and includes 
material ranging from the platonic to the 
overtly erotic. 

Meet "Jason," a spirit guide from the 
other world, in Down To Earth: The Jason 
Journal ($6.95 US from Synergy Publishers, 
Box 18268-D, Denver, CO 80218-0268). 
Jason, who seems to be very chatty, has given 
trance medium Ron Goettsche and transcri- 
ber Bob Fogg 250 pages of advice on relation- 
ships, health, abortion, sex, and how to act in 
gay bars. 


Three new gay murder mysteries appear this 
month: Dead Man's Thoughts by Carolyn 
Wheat, and A Death for Adonis by E X 
Giroux, both published by St Martin's Press; 
and — for those who just can't get enough of 
Joseph Hansen's gay insurance investigator 
— Nightwork, the seventh in the Dave Brand- 
stetter series. 

Christy Dancing (Grey Fox, $10.95) by 
John Coriolan, author of the "porn novella" 
Unzipped, is about four gay men holidaying 
on Fire Island. A lonely 35-year-old school 
teacher and a Hispanic street-boy fall in love 
in Sireelboy Dreams, a first novel by Kevin 
Esser ($7.95 US from Sea Horse Press, Box 
509, Village Stn, New York, NY 10014). 
Beauty's Punishment: The Further Erotic 
Adventures of Sleeping Beauty by A N 
Roquelaure (Dutton, $7.95) is a sequel to The 
Claiming of Sleeping Beauty, which was 
dubbed "a terrific turn-on in addition to be- 
ing politically correct" by The Advocate. 

The eagerly awaited New Lesbian Writing, 
edited by Margaret Cruikshank, should be 
out by now (Grey Fox Press, $8.95 US). It in- 
cludes poetry, fiction, autobiography and 
criticism. Sislerworks: Stories by Women, 
edited by The Fictive Collective, includes 
stories by thirteen Canadian writers and is to 
available this month for $7.95 from The 
Women's Press (313-280 Bloor St W Toronto, 

Late news 

Just received as we go to press, an announce- 
ment for the First Annual Southern Women's 
Music and Comedy Festival, taking place 
May 25-28 at the foot of the Blue Ridge 
Mountains eighty miles north of Atlanta, 
Georgia. Space does not allow for many de- 
tails here, but participants will include Meg 
Christian, Teresa Trull, Robin lyier, Rita 
Mae Brown and many, many more. Very rea- 
sonable prices, which include camping space, 
performances, hot showers, food and a dance 
every night. Four-hundred cabin spaces also 
available. For detailed info, call (404) 
584-9177. Limited to 2,000 women (!). 

Tangente Danse Actuel in Montreal is plan- 
ning a three-week all-male festival in late 
October and early November called 
Momenl'homme, and is welcoming participa- 
tion from choreographers, dancers and per- 
formance artists. Call (514) 842-3532, or 
write 307 Ouest Ste Catherine, Montreal, PQ 
H2X2A3. John Ailed I 




Passionate extremes 

For the first time in this column, I'm 
going to concentrate my efforts on only 
one author, one who is relatively un- 
known in this country, but who should 
(if success is the just reward of hard 
work, persistence, talent and risk — ha 
ha!) become more than just a footnote 

Mia Albright: ideas no one else dared touch 

in lesbian-feminist literature. I say this 
of Bronx writer Mia Albright, self-iden- 
tified "nationahst feminist poet," 
performer and author, because this 
woman has one quality in Hmitless sup- 
ply: a sense of almost reckless individ- 
uality and guts. I don't like all of her 
work, nor do I agree with all of her 
ideas, but her brass-tacks approach to 
truth really knocked me fiying and made 
me realize that the work of this woman 
must not be ignored. 

My introduction to Albright's work 
was her Sappho 's Citizens: A Theatre. 
The novel, organized as a series of thea- 
trical acts, tells the story of Agie, a long- 
time feminist politico. In Agie's own 
terms, "she was willing to die for all the 
womyn in the world, but no womon had 
ever asked her to so she was still alive." 
Agie is a wonder, doing all the things 
that would make the most Politically In- 
correct of us cringe and run for cover. 
She has to leave her work at a women's 
centre because she takes the liberty of 
hiring a lesbian stripper for a fund- 
raising event. Agie dramatically voices 
her hatred and distrust of "wives who 
sell themselves and other women over to 
the oppressor." For that matter, she dis- 

trusts everyone who doesn't see the 
world her way. But it is this larger-than- 
life character — who, given proper artil- 
lery, would blow every man off the face 
of the planet — who keeps us turning the 
pages. Not for the meek or faint-at- 
heart, this book demonstrates a radical 
theory of separatism no other lesbian 
writer has dared envision. Beneath the 
violence, irrationality and often ridicu- 
lous acts and thoughts of the main char- 
acter, there is a complicated philosophy 
of how man has assumed a god-like fig- 
ure in our society, whereby all else is 
bent in such a way that male power can 
never be proved evil. Sappho's Citizens 
suggests that the false god man has made 
of himself must be destroyed by legions 
of women willing to take up weapons, if 
there is to be justice in women's lives. 
Heady stuff, but presented in an absurd- 
ist and imaginative manner. On one 
level, Sappho's Citizens \s a crazy romp 
through the life of a radical eccentric, on 
a deeper level, the book is a vehicle for 
Mia Albright to put forth ideas no one 
else has yet dared to touch. 

And her poetry? As mentioned 
before, Albright is a performance poet, 
and I'm afraid a quiet reading of her 
poetry won't allow for the same effect as 
a dramatic reading might. As in her 
prose work, she is not the least bit self- 
conscious in claiming that women's/ 
lesbians' oppression is the work of men 
and the women who support men's am- 
bition and power. In The Arrest of the 
American Feminist, she uses the story of 
French revolutionary Theroigne de 
Mericourt, who led the poor women of 
Paris but who w£is later betrayed by 
them and allowed to be beaten by men, 
as a less than subtle metaphor for the 
American women's movement and the 
issues it ignores. Her two other books. 
The Incompetent Gift of Violence 
Against Masters and A Scrap of Royal 
Need, are tormented screams, com- 
plicated, brilliant works of poetry that 
cry out against centuries of pain, oppres- 
sion, silence, and both physical and 
emotional abuse. Again in these works, 
the poet does not shy away from extreme 
political ideology, but uses her passion, 
her extreme reactions, to make sure that 
she is understood. 

There is an original, unfearing mind at 
work in both the poetry and prose of 
Mia Albright. While I confess that I 
don't always, cerebrally, understand 
everything she writes, I have a gut sensa- 
tion that this innovative writer repre- 
sents a radical trend we in North Amer- 
ica are about to discover. Her political 
style and literary flare is much like that 
of established French radicals Helene 
Cixous and Monique Wittig. Her work, 
like theirs, may make you laugh, it 
may make you angry, it may frighten 
you — but you can count on the fact 
that it will make you think. D 

Sappho's Citizens: A Theatre, The Arrest of 
the American Feminist, The Incompetent 
Gift of Violence Against Masters, A Scrap of 
Royal Need. A II by Mia A Ihrinhi, and 
available from Ananke's Womon Publica- 
tions, 2685 University Ave, 26D. Bronx, NY 
10468. A fee scale of Albright 's performances 
can be obtained from The Womon Poet 's 
Theatre, at the above address. 


B.A., LL.B. 


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looking for . . . 


Savory home cooking 
awaits you. Brunch is 
now being served every 
Sunday from 1 2 to 3 and 
only costs $7 for 2. 
Following brunch there's 
live entertainment In the 
bar out front. 


After dinner come out front and 
dance the night away— DJs John 
Webber and Judy Ley take turns 
spinning the turntables every night 
from 9 pm 'til after 1 am with the 
hottest music in town. Every second 
Tuesday is comedy night with Faith 
Nolan, brinks are reasonably priced 


With a separate bar upstairs, 
you can have a friendly 
game of pool, video games 
or Just relax and enjoy the 
comfortable atmosphere of 
"the playroom" Who knows 
what new friends await your 


457 Church Si. 






Then The Body Politic 

is right where you are. Check 

the list below for the location 

of the outlet nearest you, 

and get your copy of TBP 

hot off the press. 

Robert A. 



Glad Day Bookshop. 648A Yonge 

Longhouse Books, 630 Yonge 

Chaps. 9 Isabella 
Time Square Books. 369 Yonge 

Monel Books, 329 Yonge 
Phantasy Books. 329 1/2 Yonge 

Topper Bocks. 289 Yonge 

AS Smoke and Gift. 273 College 

Roman II Health Spa. 742 Bay 

Classic Bookshop, Royal Bank Plaza. 200 Bay 

Min-A-Man. 557 Church 

Atalanta Variety. 368 Church 

Fairway Variety. 520 Parliament 

Books & Chocolates. 584 Parliament 

Parliament Smoke and Gift, 

609 Parliament 

The Manatee. 11 St Joseph 

Boots at the Selby. 592 Sherbourne 

XOX Postcard Store. 140 Baldwin 

Edwards Books and Art. 356 Queen W 

Pages Book Store. 256 Queen W 

This Ain't the Rosedale Library, 

110 Queen E 

Cameo Club. 95 Trinity St 

The Toolbox & Hot Stuff. 18 Eastern Ave 

Lichtman's News. 34 Adelaide W 


The Atrium. Bay & Edward 

Olympia Gift Shop. Toronto Star Building. 

Yonge & Queen's Quay 

World's Biggest Bookstore 

20 Edward St 

W H Smith, TD Centre. King and Bay 

W H Smith. Hudson's Bay Centre, 

Bloor & Yonge 
University Bookroom. U of T Campus 

Textbook Store. U of T Campus 
Bob Miller Book Room. 180 Bloor W 

SCM Book Room. 333 Bloor Vif 

Book City. 501 Bloor Vl/ 


Cambridge Tuck Shop 

50 Cambridge 

Garfield. Gerrard Square. 

Gerrard & Pape 

Booksmith. 201 2B Queen E 

Beaches Book Shop. 2199 Queen E 


Book Cellar. 142 Yorkville 

Lovecraft, 63 Yorkville 

Mcpherson Discount, 214 Macpherson 

Lichtman'sNews. 1430 Yonge 

Book Cellar. 1560 Yonge 

Bookworks. 2409 Yonge 

The Book Nook, 2481 Yonge 

Nu-Ciaire's Cigar Store, 1636 Bayview 

Lichtman's News 

Bayview Village Plaza 

Bayview & Sheppard 


Bloor Discount Variety, 610 Bloor W 


Thornclifte News Stand, 45 Overlea 


York University Bookroom. 
Keeie & Sieeles campus 


insight Books. Shenoan Man 


TiLX and Accounting Services 


In Cabbagetown 
Parliament & Wellesley 

P.O. Box 158. Station A 
Toronto M5W 1B2 

Real Estate 


Harvey Malinsky 

922-5533 Res:364-1900 

Offering personal real estate 
services to our community. 

beneath the stars 

in this master bath with plexiglass 
ceiling panels under skylights that 
soar over a spacious dining/living 
roonn with fireplace. A large gourmet 
kitchen and extra bath make this 
stunning 2-bedroom 1600 sq ft 
renovation the best in downtown 
living. Minutes to the Eaton Centre. 
Will assist with favourable 
financing. Asking $179,000. 

Cimerman Real Estate Ltd. 

501 Parliament Street 
Toror^to, Ontario M4X 1P3 



• • • • 

Ask for Don McCurdy 

Have you thought about your tax return? 


We Are Expanding! 

Thank You For Your Support! 

Thank you: Dan Jotin Tom David Chris Rick Derrick Tony Jim George 
Nick Roy Paul Pat Don Charles Dennis James Doug Jack Norm Bill Dick 
Bob Ken Ron Jerry Charlie Henry Alex Mike Peter Les Terry Gord Steve 
Keith Walter Lee Rod Martin Philip Hugh Keith Fred Harry Adam Bryan 
Kevin Jeff and Ron Mark Ted Karl Scott Dale Max Norm Joe Frank Gerry 
Barry Ian Ray Gordon A! Wayne Ralph Edward Martin Geoff Robin 
Matthevk/ Allan Roger Gary Blake Collin Harold Bruce Todd Neil Tim 
Greg Lou Stu Craig Murray Henry Brian Larry Rob Maurice Leo Glen 
Howard Mario Garnet Eric Shaun Victor Samuel Conrad 

Call Mike or Tom (416) 591-6763 

Dart Travel 

314 Jarvis St, Toronto, Ontario MSB 2C5 


With patience, care and much sighing, the Rhinos packed their 
trunk and pulled up stakes . . . 

Rhinotype Inc. Typesetting has moved to 
428 Dundas Street East 

(Dundas and Parliament) 
Happily sharing space with Altitude Bakery and Rites Magazine 

For a fast turn-around and a fair quote, 
drop by the office or phone: 925-8377 




Typeselling for the coitimunity with humour and skill 





STUDIO TO SHARE with young male artist, 1,900 
feet, good light, no live-in, only $250/month. Great 
deal for young starving artist. Call Neil at 365-0513, 
leave message. 

BROADVIEW-GERRARD, mature responsable gay 
male or female wanted to share 3-storey furnished 
home. Fireplace, yard, parking, $263. 463-5528 even- 

humour wants to share downtown house with two or 
three others. Phone 767- 1 523 evenings and weekends. 
Drawer E30I. 

MASSAGE FOR HEALTH done by professional 
massage therapist. Mr Fung. By appointment only. 

MEDITATION BRINGS GOOD luck and love to 
your life. To learn techniques, call 487-9875. 

SHIATSU — traditional Japanese holistic therapy. 
Free treatment with Shiatsu school student. Donation 
appreciated. For info: Geoff, 536-3548. 

relax. 626-5465. Joseph (answering service). 

Join a Co-op! 

Downtown housing co-op at Elm and 
St Patrick Sts near Art Gallery of On- 

One and two-bedroom apartments 
with balcony or sunroom; from $540 in- 
cluding utilities; spacious common 
facilities including exercise, hobby 
and recreation rooms; fully land- 
scaped roofdeck. Occupancy Winter 

Join a resident-controlled non-profit 
community. Gall 598-0308. 


Piano Tuning & Repair 

Pianos are sensitive beasts: 
all that Iron and wood to 
the contrary. The change of 
humidity in the spring is 
especially hard on them. 
Call me. 

lames Tennyson 
Certified Piano Technician 
335 Markham St, Toronto 

FOR MAY 1 . Seeking a place in a communal house in 
the Downtown /Annex area. Employed, 25, non- 
smoking, experienced co-habitor. Mike. 469-1520. 
Before 9:00 AM. 

BLOOR-BATHURST. Two separate furnished 
rooms with shared bath, phone and kitchen privileges 
for rent in quiet gay home. $60 & $70 per week. 
References, 535-2294. 

GAY COUPLE SEEKING THIRD toshare large apt. 

20-30, West end. Must enjoy fun. Write us now, we're 
waiting. Drawer E351. 

grad student. Downtown area. Phone 661-5482. 

FORREST HILL VILLAGE, lux lower 2 bdrm 
duplex, firepl, brdlm, air, 5 appl, garden, subway, 
parking, prefer homosexuals, $1,100, no pets. Days 
239-8171, evgs. 243-8574. 

ANNEX, LARGE, BRIGHT newly decorated OTTAWA 
carpeted one-bedroom basement apartment with 
private entrance. Available June 1st, $400, first and 
last, references. 535-2294. 

T Jean Duncan-Day 

announces the opening of her 

private practice in 
Counselling and Change Work 
(416) 463-0277 

busy people. Half-day — $25; full day — $40. For more 
information, please contact Mark: 960-9586. 

son available. References. Party preparation and 
clean-up. Please call Jim at 588-1810 or 447-5674. 


RETAIN THOSE MEMORIES with distinctive por- 
traits of you and /or your lover. Photographed on 
location. Inquiries: Clive Pyne Photography: 

THERAPEUTIC MASSAGE by excellent male prac- 
tilioner. Mr J Prindiville, 977-3898. 

CERAMIC ART CLASSES with a difference. 
Paul at 829-9812. 




WANT TO SHARE APT. GWM looking for some- 
one (preferably GWM) having large apt to share im- 
mediately. Hog's Back area or on canal. Am junior 
professional. Must have own room. Non-smoker. 
Discretion assured. Ifyou think sex, don't write. Box 
256, 238 Davenport Rd, Toronto M5R I J6. 




sultations. 463-9688. 

EXPERIENCED THERAPIST available to individ- 
uals/couples for interpersonal and psychosexualdiffi- 
culties. Please leave message at 535-9818. Bill San- 
ders, MSW, Certified Sexual Therapist. 

JOCKS TO DRAG. Free catalogue includes 
swimwear, briefs, dancewear, military, wigs, heels, 
novelties and more. Basic Brothers, l220Westheimer, 
Houston, TX 77006. (713) 522-1626. 


FOR SALE: CONCERT KIT. 6 concert Toms, floor 
and bass drum, Rodger snare and foot-pedal, 2 cym- 
bal stands, 1 cymbal, hardware and stool by TAMA. 
A- 1 condition, rosewood finish, permaton black dot 
heads. $1400 — negotiable. 4 years old. Jenny, 
535-7148, any time! 


Planning, research & design 

With degree* m Environmental Design and 
Architecture, six years' experience in facilities 
planning, research and design, I can assist with 
your small-scale residential and commercial 
renovations and additions. 
Cordon K. Stone, B.E.D., H. Arch., Consultant 
Box 424, Sin F, Toronto M4Y 2L8 924-9061 

DANCE MUSIC SPECIALISTS: the latest in new 
wave, electrofunk and disco. Send for current chart 
and mail-order information. J's Records, 74Gerrard 
St E, Toronto, ON M5B 1G6. (416) 591-1536. 


LL's Painting & Decorating 

Wallpapering & repairs 

Louis Leveille 461-9940 

10 Hogarth Ave - Apt 1408 
Toronto Onl M4K 1)9 

Moving and Storage 

Local and long distance 

Acme Moving & Storage 

Member Allied Van Lines 

Paths Untrodden Book Service, PO Box 459, Village 
Station, New York, NY 10014-0459. Catalogue 
$2.00 US 


ORGANIZATIONS seeking volunteers can find 
them in The Body Politic classifieds. Advertise for 
volunteer help and get a 50% discount off our regular 
reasonable rates. 

LESBIANS AND GAY MEN wanted for peer coun- 
selling and information phoneline. Should possess a 
mature attitude, common sense and empathy. Phone 
TAG at 964-6600. 

HELP! CONNEXIONS, a magazine Ihal is a digesl of grass- 
roots work for social change, needs volunteer help with office 
work, wriling. layout, indexing, etc. New colleclivc members 
always welcome too. Call 960-3903. 


NORTH AMLRlt AN Man/Boy Love Association. 
For further information send $1.00 US lo: 
NAMBI A, Box 174, New York, NY 10018. 

Northwest Join NW Wrestling Dircciorv. Free. Box 
1864, Sin A. Kclowna. B( VIY 8M1 


New inicrnaiional hcalihconscious personal conlaci 
club lor men mm JO, voyeurism and exhibitionism 


painting. papering 

•free colour 

•fast, affordable 


Decorating Service 

Canada's oldest penpal club 
for gay men. 


Members across Canada 
and the U.S. 

P.O. Box 3043b, Saskatoon 
Sask S7K 3S9 

You'll Find It All At 

Toronto's First Gay Video Bar 

592 Sherbourne Street, Toronto. Canada 








■AINS mivit 

Ain CtlMATISl 



514 878 9393 

THE BODY POLITIC C: MAY 1984 ['^ 39 

Devlin Electrolysis 

Permanent Hair Removal 

Facial — Body 

Private & Confidential 

Mike 1 aking (res.) 9250087 

Robert G. Coates 

B. Sc., LL. B. 
Barrister & Solicitor 

70 Dundas Street East 

Toronto, Ontario MSB 1C7 


gay . . . got a 
drinking problem? 

(416) 964-3962 


July 1st is 

Lesbian and Gay Pride Day 

Volunteers are urgently required by the Toronto Lesbian 

and Gay Pride Day Committee to work on the 

entertainment and parade organization. 

We needyoui 


We meet at 8pm at the 519 Church St Community Centre 

on the following Tuesdays: 

April 24, May 15, May 29, June 12 and June 19. 

For more information, call 960-9402 (5:30 pm - 10:30 pm) 

Free details: Menstrokers, Box 42667, San Francisco, 
CA 94142. 

BECOME A G.O.O. D. GUY. We are now organizing 
an outdoor activities and social club (camping, skiing, 
canoeing, cycling, picnics and bar-b-cues, pot luck 
suppers and special parties) for the gays of Kitchener- 
Waterloo, Cambridge and Guelph areas. Join now as 
a charter member and help plan and organize your 
club. For detailed information write PC Box 2751, 
Kitchener N2H 6N3. Let's make this work! 


EDMONTON. Hunky male escort, 31, 6' 180 lbs, 
hairy, prefer out-of-town hotel registered guest. 
Write Drawer E060. 


available for modelling. Big, blond and beautiful. 
Call 977-0558. 



From Burt Reynol(Js 

to Elvis Costellos, 

from Dolly Partons 


All types of models available. 

Call (416) 461-6676 

"HOT", CUTE ITALIAN, 5'7" 150 lbs, into 
bodybuilding. Slender, youthful, good-looking, ac- 
tor, model, escort. Call "Angelo" anytime. Absolute 
discretion assured. 363-3417. 

cut good-looking males, 19 and 22, available for per- 
sonal escort /model services. 922-2089. 

and versatile, seeks position as personal escort. Steve: 


— The Philbeach Hotel, 30/31 Philbeach Gardens, 
London SW5, UK, Europe's largest gay ho(el. Bar, 
disco, restaurant. Tel: 01-373-1244/4544. 

BOSTON'S ALL-GAY place to stay. TWo renovated 
back bay town houses, continental breakfast, cock- 
tail setups, minute's walk to historic sites and night 
life, private/shared bath. $25-$45. Oasis, 22 Edgerly 
Rd, Boston, MA 02115. 617-267-2262. 

Fort Lauderdale, Florida 

Spend a pleasant vacation at the 

LA UDERDAI.E MANOR 300 ft. from our 

beautiful beach. Party at the world-famous 

Martin Beach Hotel next door and come 

back to a quiet and friendly atmosphere. 

Modestly priced hotel rooms, efficiencies 

and apartments with color TV. New pool in 

our tropical garden and BBQ. Call or write 

Lauderdale Manor Motel, 2926 Valencia St. 

fort Lauderdale, Fla 33316 

Tel: (305) 463-3385 

Friendly places to stay . . . Miles 
of beaches . . . Great restaurants 
. . . Lots of entertainment and 
dancing . . . Variety of shops 
and galleries . . . 
Write for free directory 
Business Guild 
Box 421 Dept. R 
/^ Provincetown, MA 02657 
> Call (617) 487-2313 


Enjoy It With Us! 


by hard-working accountant, professional standing. 
Also seeks work mainly in related accounting field. 
Available evenings, weekends. Please call 626-5557 
evenings and weekends. Thanks. 

SEEKING PERSON experienced in typing and 
editing to collaborate writing my autobiography. His 
residence preferred. PO Box 2913, Stn F, Scar- 
borough. ONM1W3P4. 

EXCELLENT CHEF looking for position with 
established restaurant or financial backing for a new 
one. Soups, stews, baked goods are my specialties. 
Drawer E334. 

student, has experience in the fields of banking and 
journalism, 50 wpm, excellent communication skills, 
pleasant personality. Seeks a position anywhere in 
Toronto. Drawer E352. 

ships? Write "This Ain't Ann Landers," Box 7289, Stn 
A, Toronto ON M5W 1X9. Anonymous if you wish. 

Hugs and kisses to the Toronto Right to Privacy 
Committee. Where would we be without you! 



COLLECTOR TRADES family nudist mags. Eric, 
PO Box 7 1 1 , Corona CA 9 1 720 USA. 

BLACK FELLOW, literary type, 39, in New York, 
would like to write interesting and inspired Cana- 
dians, bright guys 35-45, who enjoy good cor- 
respondence. Drawer E267. 

LOS ANGELES gay male couple will share two bed- 
rooms in home with coupled Olympic visitors. 
$55 /day /couple. Write Tony, PO Box 1374, Sun 
Valley, CA 91353 USA 


WELL-BUILT, 5'8" 1501bs, age 32, beard, educated, 
discreet, seeks pretty female or masculine top male 
any race, 23-33, parties, disco, friends and fun. 

Drawer E278. 

TOKYO CONNECTIONS. Attractive blond GWM 
couple going Sept/ 84, wants fashion industry con- 
tacts. Any advice appreciated. 213-150 Douglas St, 
Victoria V8V2P1. 

I'M A 29-YEAR-OLD FEMALE, bisexual, happily 
married and I have a 6-year-old daughter. I'm now a 
farmer, but I used to live several years in a quite big ci- 
ty. I would like to find friends from other countries 
too. 1 have many hobbies, writing letters, collecting 
stamps, commercial stickers, books (mostly detective 
stories and fairytales), rock-records, big hairy dogs (I 
have Briard and Bearded-Collie, girls), fishing, 
gardening, knitting and other hand-crafts, reading, 
TV and video, all good sports, swimming, fast cars 
and big trucks, etc. Write to me, whether you're man 
or woman, in English please. Mrs Sirkka Salminen, 
Ita-Seppala, SF-58700, SULKAVA, FINLAND. 


DEAR SIRS: I am from Poland. I would like to cor- 
respond with friends from Canada. I am 24 years old. 
I am student. I interested in music, films, theatre, 
sport. I know English, Russian languages. Tomasz 
Prochniau, 02-514 Warszawa 12, SKR.60. Poland. 



GAY WOMEN WRITE/meet everywhere! through 
The Wishing Well Magazine Program. Confidential 
(Code Numbers used), supportive, dignified, prompt. 
Ten years' reliable reputation. Tender, loving alterna- 
tive. Introductory copy US$5 (mailed discreetly first 
class). Canadian women especially welcome! Free in- 
formation: Box 117, Novato, CA 94948-0117. 

PENPALS WANTED. Seeking gay women from 
Canada and USA interested in exchanging ex- 
periences through correspondence. Alternative to 
meeting someone new. Drawer E310. 


romance in her life. Take a chance and reply to this 
ad. Drawer E265. 

22-YEAR-OLD GAY LATIN seeks young educated 
Canadian lesbian with view to marriage for family 
reasons. Drawer E266. 


rinks? Are you a hot head? A woman IN LOVE? 
Tired of a good thing? I have a 1-year guarantee as a 
certifiably psychotic rodent who is undergoing a per- 
sonality change. I want to be Laurie Anderson. Do 
you?? Why not? If so, please send your story to The 
Rodent at Suite E336. 

IN SEARCH OF THE BIG "O"? Do you rush to 
your mailbox every day for an invitation to your first 
(or latest) orgy? Drop us a letter (detailed and juicy) to 
say why you should be invited to ours. And who 
knows what the post may bring tomorrow? Drawer 


CHINESE BISEXUAL MALE, 26, 5'6", 122 lbs, U 
of T graduate, looking for bisexual female for 
mutually rewarding relationship and possibly mar- 
riage. Race no barrier. Please send descriptive letter 
with phone number and address. Photo appreciated. 
Will reply immediately. Drawer E094. 



TO BE FRIEND AND LOVER. Bearded, 38, 6' 180 
lbs, Levis-type, F/A, G/P, smoker, music-lover, un- 
conventional life, lots of affection, looking for some- 
one to love. Anywhere. Alive. Franz Schubert, Box 
1430, Succ Desjardins, Montreal PQ HSB 1H3. 

HORNY, HOT, correspondence of all kinds wanted 
from anywhere. J /O — washroom sex, curious about 
W/S. Try me in your first letter. Drawer E291. 


6' 165lbs, moustache. Interested in getting to know 
other Canadians and Americans who are proud of 
their masculinity and enjoy sharing it. Photo ex- 
change a must before meeting. Drawer E198. 


AUSTRIAN, 40s, 5'10" ISOlbs, reddish-blond, 
frosted, trim moustache, hairy, uncut, J/O, tits fan, 
Fr, no Gr, no S/M, kinks, etc, seeking gentle, ex- 
cessively hairy, taller, younger, bearded, slimmer, ex- 
pert DIY types, very straight appearance, varied ur- 
bane interests, to correspond, meet when travelling. 
Photos, close description please. Drawer E251. 

HONG KONG ORIENTAL, 27, sincere, honest, and 
easygoing, wants the same kind of friends. Loves 
travelling, reading, music, etc. Seeks friends 
everywhere. Plans to be in Canada. You will know 
what kind of person I am! Drawer E343. 

not be friends. When friends are lovers it is great. To 
be just friends is enough. Looking for friends and 
lovers from everywhere. Please write to Mike, Box 
19184, Oakland Station, Pittsburgh, PA 15273. 


JO BUDDIES WANTED with big balls and cock. If 
you enjoy JO, talking dirty, phone calls, fantasies, big 
balls, bare feet, write now. Am 37, attractive. Drawer 

YOUNG GWM, MASCULINE, sexually versatile, to 
relocate for relationship with GWM, 50, in great 
shape. Reliable, sober, honest type only. Photo, full 
details please. Henry. PO Box 6864, Stn A, Saint 
John, NBE2L4S3. 

25 AND JUST COMING OUT. Into voyeurism and 
exhibitionism, would like nude photo exchange with 
young college jocks, wrestlers and others. Drawer 

50 GOING ON 1 5 relocating to luxury beach house in 
Victoria. Welcomes houseboy(s) for fun, work and 
freedom. Write for details. Drawer E226. 

GOOD-LOOKING, COCKY, mascuhne married 
man, 34, 215 lbs, 6'4", into boxing, fist-fighting, 
seeks masculine, leather /levi top man to knock chip 
off shoulder to total humiliation. Discretion a must. 
Drawer EI 10. 


GWM, MID-30S, secure, stable, would hke to cor- 
respond/meet gay men who love to play golf. Live in 
Alberta but travel frequently. Maybe we can arrange a 
match? Photo and phone if possible. Drawer E3I 1 . 


165 lbs, blond, seeking attractive, athletic guys in 20s 
for possible friendship, may travel. Drawer E095. 


GWM, 47, ENJOYS OUTDOORS, cross-country 
skiing, gardening, looking for male for companion- 
ship in the Medicine Hat area. Reply with photo if 
possible, and phone and address. Drawer E284. 


YOUNG GWM, 5' 11 " needs really hard bare-bottom 
whippings with strap, paddle or tawse to really burn 
my tail. Would love ongoing, reciprocating relation- 
ship. David, PO Box 4675, Stn C, Calgary AB 

GWM, MID-AGED, HEFTY, seeks company fey 
theatre, concerts, dining, travel and just friendship. 
Box 1062, Stn M, Calgary, AB, T2P 2K4. 


GWM, 36, BLUE EYES, brown hair lives alone, can 
entertain. Write with photo for fast reply. Looking 
for a sincere type for possible relationship. Drawer 

GWM, LATIN, ORIENTAL sought for friendship 
by health-conscious Oriental. Phone, photo ap- 
preciated. Couples, penpals welcome. Box 1 122, Stn 
G, Calgary T3A3G3. 

GWM, 26, 5'6", 130 lbs, physically and mentally 
healthy, professional, many varied interests, sexually 
versatile, reliable, humorous, positive, easygoing. 
Looking for man of similar character, 25-39 for com- 
panionship (relationship?). Let's get together for din- 
ner or ???. Send photo if possible, all replies 
answered. I look forward to hearing from you. 
Drawer E3 18. 


PROFESSIONAL, 40s, frequent visitor to Edmon- 
ton, seeks friends for sex. Fine food, travel, fine sur- 
roundings, classical music, theatre, tennis, swim- 
ming, racquetball, jogging. PO Box 5382, Fort 
McMurray, AB T9H 3G4. 

MASCULINE ASS seeks singles, doubles, triples, or 
groups for gang rape. Will accomodate bis or married 
men only. Total discretion essential. Drawer El 95 

GWM, 24, 5'9" 125 lbs, varied interests wants to meet 
GWM, 25-40, into bodybuilding for exercise, friend- 
ship, possible relationship. Photo, Bob. Drawer 

150 lbs. Enjoys swimming, badminton, volleyball, 
horses. Would like to meet other GWM 20-35. 
Drawer E279. 

GWM, 6'1" 165 lbs, blue eyes, brown hair, young 36, 
fit, moderately hairy. Clean-cut, positive, quiet, af- 
fectionate. Computer programmer, own townhousc. 
Nature lover, non-smoker. Like good conversation, 
backpacking, photography, cycling, science fiction, 
folk music. Looking for committed relationship with 
non-macho male. Younger unhairy preferred, not 
essential. Your clear photo gels mine. Everyone 
answered. Discretion assured, expected. Bill, Box 42, 
Sub-PO II, Edmonton T6G 2E0. 


Gay people out to meet other gay people, right across Canada and beyond our borders too. 


Just 35(1; per word, minimum charge $7.00. Business ads: 70(1; per word, minimum charge $14.00, or call 
3646320 for reasonable display advertising rates. 


Body Politic subscribers: you can deduct $1.00 from the cost of your ad. 


Our discount system: 15% off for 2 runs, 20% off for 3 to 4 runs, 25% off for 5 to 9 runs, and 30% for 10 runs or 


All ads should be fully prepaid by cheque, money order or charge card, and mailed to arrive before the adver- 
tised deadline. Late ads will be held over for the followinqissue, unless you instruct otherwise. 

We cannot accept ads over the telephone. 

If you do not wish to print your address or phone number, you can request a drawer number We will for- 
ward replies to you twice a week in a plain envelope. This service costs $4.00 per ad per issue. 

Replies to your drawer cannot be picked up at our office. 

Gay sex is still illegal if eitheror both parties are under21, or if more than 2 people are involved, regardless 
of their ages. Please word your ad accordingly We reserve the right to alter or refuse any ad. 

Remember, too, that your ad is reaching other people, not just a box number. So it is smart to be positive 
about yourself, not insulting to others. We will edit out phrases like "no blacks" or "no fats or ferns." 

Postage here 


Box 7289, Station A 
Toronto, ON M5W 1X9 


No charge. Put your reply in an envelope and address it as in the 

diagram. Be sure the drawer number is on the outside of the envelope. 

Office staff do not open mail addressed to a drawer. 


Write one word per box. The amount in the box when you finish is the basic cost of your ad, but please be 

sure to add in the cost of a special head if you choose one. Mail your ad along with your payment to us 

here at: TBP CLASSIFIEDS, Box 7289, Station A, Toronto, ON M5W 1X9. 

BOLD (Max 30 characters)»» 

STANDOUT (Max 20 characters)»» 

GRABBER (Max 15 characters)»» 


Choose one of the headings above, 
ancJ your ad will practically jump off 
the page. See the examples below 
to decide which one is best for you. 

First, and cheapest: BOLD! 
For just $5.00, you get up to 30 
characters of bold type to head off 
your ad. Here are a few examples: 

OR EVEN DOWNTOWN Toronto would do. I'm 
looking for the great-looking guy in the Speedo 
bathing suit who ran out of Chaps last Wednesday. 
CaU me at 391-7693. 


I'M LOOKING FOR a man who'll give me aU the lov- 
ing I need, and who can take all the loving I have to 
give. Write Drawer DXXX. 

Even better: STANDOUT! 
Up to 20 characters for just $10.00! 
Check out these examples to see 
how yourad would look: 


GWM, 36, 5' 10" 1 55 lbs, would like to service you in 
every way possible. Have great ass and great techni- 
que. Drawer EXXX. 


MAN HAS APT TO SHARE in quiet section of Cab- 
bagetown near TTC and shopping. All utilities, own 
room, non-smoker. $300/monlh. Call 666-3223. 

And for tops in attention-getting: 


An extra $15.00 over the basic cost 

of your ad buys you up to 15 charact 

ers that will spotlight yot/r message. 

Check out these examples: 


MASTER, 39, MERCILESS, seeks slave who is will- 
ing to surrender his all. Limits respected. Drawer 

Write the text of your ad below, one word per box. 


































































More to say? Just keep writing on a separate sheet of paper, at a cost of 35u per word. 
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1980 RABBIT, good condition, blue, jusi driven oc- 
casionally to the bars, asking SS.OOOor best offer. Call 
James. 944-3214. 

Name _ 



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Clip this form and mall It with payment to: TBP CLASSIFIEDS, Box 7289, Station A. 
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nil BODY POLITIC > MAY 1984 , 41 


Box 161, Agincourt 

(Toronto), Ontario, Canada 


Visa, Ctiargex or 



Catalogue 3 now available! 

Illustrated 32 page 


$5.00 + 90« postage 

and tiandling 


Adults only — must be legal age 

No. 801 

Dress Harness 
(Back view) 

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OlNOUOl'aAV Nd31SV3 81 IV 

xotriooi »iii 

Sherbourne St. Toronto, Canada 
(416) 921-1035 


25-YEAR-OLD MALE feeling rather lonely and 
isolated here. 1 consider myself decent, intelligent, 
creative, witty, caring, talented and modest. At some 
point in some time 1 would like to meet someone 
similar. Could this be that point in time? Drawer E 177 

GWM, 38, 5'H" 165, sometimes called Castro clone. 
Likes games and fantasy. Anyone wanna play? 
Drawer E317. 

GWM, 6'2" 180, blue eyes, brown hair, 27, hairy, 
educated and fun, would like to meet Asian men 25-35 
for mutual pleasure. If you would like to enjoy the 
company of a versatile and masculine partner — 
answer this ad! Drawer E340. 


Lonesome traveller, GWM, 5' 10" 180 lbs, has un- 
limited supply of 43-vintage hot tight ass and improv- 
ing deep throat for hot, hung, horny studs who enjoy 
exacting workouts. Photo a must with your explicit 
letter telling me what we're going to be doing one cold 
night soon. Drawer E131. 

THIS 5'9" 144 lb non-smoking, non-drinking, affec- 
tionate guy aged 40 enjoys outdoors, hiking, canoe- 
ing, camping, firesides, exploring, kissing, hugging, 
touching, cuddhng, wishes to share these interests 
along with confidentiality, discretion, trust, honesty, 
respect, consideration, with male companion to age 
twenty, especially well-tuing "young boy" thinking of 
coming out. If you are of similar feelings, wishing 
father-type closeness, and are slim, athletic and ver- 
satile, send recent photo(s) revealing same with letter 
expressively describing yourself. Let's communicate 
for better knowing each other's interests, hopefully 
leading to enjoyable summer together as beginning to 
? future. Drawer E281. 

WANTED: 17-30, clean-cut, bi or gay male, 130-165 
lbs, fit, inactive, Orillia, Baseborden, Barrie, for 
white, military bi male, 190 lbs, weightlifter, jogger, 
blond, in 20s. Box 873, Barrie, Ontario L4M 4Y4. 

INTELLIGENT GUY, early 30s, slim and goodlook- 
ing, desires your friendship. There is much to do and 
enjoy in Sudbury. We could spend hours at Lake 
Laurentian or canoeing on Lake Ramsey. And then 
there are activities such as cinema, music, barbecues, 
and conversation. The more we socialize, the more we 
can enjoy. But first we must meet. Reply to all. 
Drawer E304. 


HANDSOME BI J /O STUD seeks action with other 
hot men. Am 29, 6' 165 lbs, moustache. Photo a must 
before meeting! Travel frequently — can accomodate 
buddies. If you want the best, then go for it! Drawer 

lbs, masculine, well-built, enjoys outdoors, travel- 
ling, music, movies, theatre etc... seeks reliable com- 
patible friend under 36 fond of affection, kissing, 
love-making with feelings. Photo appreciated (re- 
turned) Box 7303, Stn A, Toronto, ON M5W 1X9. 

DOMINANT MALE, small, 45 yrs 5'7" requires very 
passive small male as companion. Reply with frank 
letter, photo, phone. Age unimportant. Drawer 

LOOKING FOR MEN into light or heavy B&D and 
fantasy. I love hairy bodies, and I'd like to make you 
do a slow strip. I am 6' 170 lbs, good-looking and a 
great body. Drawer El 85. 

ting, seeking male friend and great action. Race, age 
unimportant. Phone and photo please. Discretion 
assured. Drawer E261 . 

REWARD FOR BIG COCK, hot fuck ass belonging 
to a well-built 36, 5'H" blond. Can be claimed 
anytime. Hot letter and phone please. Drawer E263. 

WELL-BUILT MAN 35, 6', wants slim, hot, pussy 
ass for dirty talk, finger play, cock fucking. Explicit 
letter and photo. Drawer E264. 

145 lbs, inexperienced, shy, smooth, extremely flexi- 
ble body, seeks clean, attractive, masculine, very 
muscular bodybuilder, 25-35, for discreet, long, ex- 
hausting, sweaty, athletic, experimental, educational 
encounters at your place. Please write with photo and 
phone. Drawer E268. 

GAY WHITE MAN, 41, intelligent, warm, caring, 
attractive, settled, seeks same for buddy/ friendship 
and sharing. Age:3I-42. Sincere replies only. Drawer 

or slim male for love or relationship, 18-38. Photo if 
possible, sincere only reply. Drawer E262. 

ATTRACTIVE GWM, 40, 5' 10" 160 lbs, wishes to 
meet submissive male for BID, S/M, etc. Any scene 
considered. I'm a sincere, stable, affectionate profes- 
sional who is not into bars or baths. Limits respected. 
Novices welcomed. Reply in confidence. Drawer 

MALE, 48, would like to meet masculine male over 40 
and up for good time. Drawer E270. 


GWM, 34, slim build, clean-shaven, looking for 
same. Guys 21-35 who could F/F and give G/S. Into 
giving and receiving. Photo gets prompt reply. 
Drawer E273. 


FRIENDSHIP of 40-55 established GM wasp-type 
needed by same. I am 5' 10" 160 lbs, masculine, good 
build, in mid-50s, enjoy theatre, dining, classical 
music and affection. Drawer E327. 

to 70 miles /day for day outing, occasional week-end 
and 2 weeks holiday end of July. Pos'iibly Montreal to 
Provincetown. Me: professional engineer, 33 years 
old, simple, organized, honest, goodlooking, in 
shape, straight-looking, seek similar to join me on my 
outings, possibly share sleeping bag. Drawer E330. 

management, French speaking, strong mind, honest, 
good and straight-looking, sensitive, likes reading, 
cycling, jogging, mildly wild sex, occasional toke, 
wine, going out. Can't stand TV, playing cards. 33 
years old, 6'2" 180 lbs. Looking for somebody to 
share the best of life and possibly build a lasting rela- 
tionship. Prefer well-balanced, positive, motivated 
real man. Drawer E329. 

I WANT TO MEET a mature gay man 30-45 who 
knows what he wants. After all, isn't that what it's all 
about? I'm 5'9" 150, blond, healthy. Big on arts, 
theatre, books. No expectations. It can be whatever 
we decide to make it. No phonies, no games. Let's 
talk. Drawer E332. 

GWM, 30, 5' 10" 145 lbs, dark hair, attractive, seeks 
similar 18-30, versatile, well-defined, well-hung for 
uninhibited encounters. Letter, phone. Drawer E333. 

seeks position with a financially secure male. Send let- 
ter detailing requirements, compensations and 
benefits. Drawer E339. 

GWM, 35, 5' 10" 175 lbs, brown hair, reddish body 
hair, muscular build, mascuHne, easy-going country 
type, very horny, well hung. Enjoy quiet times, music, 
little drink and smoke, mutual JO. Seek straight- 
looking easy-going younger male or couples for good 
times, have country home. Let's hear from guys in 
central and eastern Ontario. Can travel. Photo and 
phone appreciated. Hope to hear from you soon. 
Drawer EOOl. 

GAY MALE PROFESSIONAL, 29, 5'8" 150 lbs, 
honest, sincere and discreet, seeks a friend who likes 
quiet evenings at home, as well as going dancing on 
weekends. Drawer E124. 

GWM, 50s, quiet masculine professional, non- 
promiscuous, would like to give head on a regular 
basis to a very well-hung guy; no reciprocation. 
Drawer E040. 

PROFESSIONAL GWM, 38, 190 lbs 6'4", seeks 
young man over 21 for hot times. I am into most 
things and love spanking. Discretion assured and ex- 
pected. Drawer E162. 

GWM, BROWN EYES, 129 lbs 5'8", attractive, 58, 
young firm body and outlook, loving, discreet and 
helpful, seeking male friend and lover, any race, age 
under 30. Not into drugs. Please write with photo, 
phone, and time to call. Drawer E07I. 

GWM, 34, 5*6" 160 lbs interested in meeting a male, 
25-35, for a one-to-one relationship. My interests are 
JO, sucking and cuddling. Male must be slim or 
medium build, tall, circumcized, well-hung, little 
body hair and feels comfortable in snug jeans. Should 
have car and apartment. I have a sense of humour. 
Like to meet on a regular basis. Photo and phone ap- 
preciated. Drawer EI97. 

LOVER WANTED. I'm 44, 5'll" 150 lbs, average 
build and looks. Photos exchanged. Above average 
lifestyle and enjoys truckers to entrepreneurs. 
Theatre, reading, sailing and sex are my interests. No 
sexual or mental hangups. Kink is fun but not a voca- 
tion. Must enjoy an interesting sex life besides person- 
al goals. Drawer E206. 

I'D LIKE TO MEET A GUY on a friendship basis. 
My interests include biking, walks, tennis, softball, 
etc; I'll try almost anything sporting. Also, some 
movies, concerts and some dancing. I don't enjoy 
cooking, Judy Garland worshipping, femininity in 
men, or the Sunday Brunch scene. So if words like 
Blue Jays, Bester and Argos mean something to you, 
and you don't fit in with most gay men, drop me a line 
and let's communicate. This ad is not for sex. Drawer 

GWM 35 WOULD LIKE TO GO NUDE sunbathing 
but has no place to go, If you have a private deck to 
share on a sunny day please send phone. Drawer 
E285. ' 

MARRIED MALE (unfortunately without motorcy- 
cle) seeks casual meetings with male (preferably with 
motorcycle) to have good times together. Box 157, 
Woodbridge, Ontario L4L IBI. 


ready to meet his mentor/student. Nordic, intense 
and furry; balanced 30s, nine-year's development 
sees me independent in business and self, with a 
strong motivation to connect in higher pursuits of ex- 
cellence. My friend in SION , the time is drawn close to 
see a white hot Sun rising. The Fourth translates to 
Earthly benefits, possiblities and responsibilities. 
Hooded Ariel, now unveiled, lives near the power of 
the pond. Feel safe tocome home Babe. I've been here 
all along. Can, and should more be said in a first and 
last ad? T. O. T. There's work to be done. Drawer 
E322. __^_ 


A HANDSOME GWM, 6'3" 190 lbs, solid athletic 
build, masculine, very well-hung, versatile and adven- 
turous, interests include inventing, playing pool, 
bowling and people. If the above interests you, and 
you are good-looking, masculine, very well-hung and 
genuine, we could get a good thing going. Phone and 
photo would be ap preciated. Drawer E342. 

GWM PROFESSIONAL, 30, seeks hunk under 35 
with mutual concern for confidentiality for Wednes- 
day undercover intimacy. Doctor? Lawyer? Cop? 
Teacher? Student? Etc. Drawer E288 


Toronto's Gay Community Calendar 


24-hour recorded message 


WARM, SINCERE 28-year-old, dark hair, 
moustache, 5'H" 170 lbs, looking for long-lasting, 
sincere relationship. Not interested in bars or baths. 
Quiet dinners, white wine, theatre, photography, 
walks, long talks, cuddling and sharing are more my 
style. You should be attractive, masculine, 30-40, 
secure and stable. 1 am sexually versatile and have a 
lot to offer the right man. Serious replies answered 
and photo appreciated. Drawer E344. 

GAY WHITE MALE, 33, 6' 180 lbs, intelligent, 
warm, seeks other gays, object friendship, possible 
relationship. Write Michael. Drawer E345. 

complete oral servicing. No reciprocation necessary. 
Must have own place to meet. Drawer E346. 


GWM, 29, 5' 10", average build, moustache, seeks 
friends in Oshawa and Toronto. Prefer over 21, 
masculine, straight-acting and looking. Discretion 
expected and assured. Write and tell me about 
yourself. Reply to Boxholder, Box 1 00-458, 2 Bloor St 
W, Toronto, ON M4W 3E2. Send photo if possible. 

GWM, MARRIED, 45, slim, intelligent, sincere, 
sporty, good humour, needs good friend and sex part- 
ner age 21 to 40, race not important, discretion is. 
Daytime or evenings available. Photo, phone. 
Drawer E348. 

GAY MALE COUPLE, both young, good-looking, 
well-hung, masculine, seek masculine 21-35. Photo 
and phone number get same. Drawer D953. 

LITHE 26-YEAR-OLD MAN. Athletic body, 1 50 lbs 
6' with 'stache into sweaty, hairy muscular men of all 
ages. Phone and photo to Drawer E290 

QUIET PASSIVE MALE, white, 32, 5' 10" 1551bs, 
wants to get fucked by foul-mouthed men to 55 who 
like to describe out loud what they're doing to me. En- 
dowment not important. I'm also enema and J/O 
curious. Send photo if possible. Drawer E289 


BI WM, 160 lbs, 37, 6' 1 " looking for large, well-hung 
horny black or white stud to service hot white ass on 
regular basis. Drawer E302. 

ATTRACTIVE WHITE MALE, 27, 5'I1" 160 lbs 
seeks horny black top male 21-40. Also role reversal, 
J/O, 69. Discrete. Your place. Drawer E303. 


SPOTLESSLY PRESENTED, straight-looking, ef- 
fervescent, likeable; seeking suitable complement to 
suntan and chum around with. Well-behaved, desert 
loving. Paul 922-8484. 


NEEDS STRICT dominant master who knows how 
to discipline slave with whip. Slave enjoys pain, bon- 
dage and servicing masters. Love to meet Master 
Marc again. Photo and phone please "SIR". Drawer 


good-looking, nice bod, nice personality, somewhat 
shy . NOT FEM ! Ready to settle down with similar or 
health-minded masculine male, black or white, to age 
35. PO Box 1200, Stn F, Toronto. M4Y 2T8. 

NOVICE SLAVE, 25, GWM. trim seeks fit wild im- 
aginative master 22-38. My cock and balls need a 
workout. Drawer E292. 


GWM , 28, encourages those GWM who are also tired 
of casual sex and one-night stands to consider this ad. 
I enjoy music, theatre, films, socializing and getting 
to know people. I would like to meet easy-going, in- 
telligent, professional, and mature GWM (with a 
sense of humour) who are more interested in romance 
than immediate sex. Drawer E293. 


BI HOT AND HORNY needs same for J /O sessions. 
Together we can fulfill a need not always gratified in 
this real world. Will respect pre-arranged phoning 
lime. Reply with number and best time to ring. 
Drawer E295. 

KINGSTON. TALL. SLIM, GWM. 30s, wants to try 
something different. Love beards and body hair. Gets 
to Toronto regularly. Drawer E296. 

HOUDINI-TYPE gay escape artist needs experience. 
Secure room, dungeon, tractor, trailer, let me try. 
Willing to pay for time. Discretion assured and ex- 
pected. Drawer E297. 


Ever wondered what a personal ad 
could do for yoty? Take a chance — 
thousands of others have. We 
make no promises, but we do for- 
ward a lot of mail to people who 
place personal ads in The Body 
Politic. Try it. Find out. 

SMALL HUNK in Oakville, 31, 5'8" 140, bearded 
bearlike, affectionate, wants tall, husky big brother 
35-45. Romantic, good sense of humour. Photo ex- 
change in return. Life can be tough but getting older 
can help to love those special moments. Drawer E299. 

LATIN LOVER looking for GWM non-promiscuous 
25-45, straight-looking for an honest relationship. I 
am GWM, 31, 5'7" 1301bs. Brown hair and eyes, 
moustache, hairy and masculine and very romantic. 
Please write a detailed letter, photo and phone ap- 
preciated. Drawer E300. 


GAY MALE, 27, 5'6", 125, slim, interested in 
meeting another guy, 21 to 27, who enjoys sex, 
movies, concerts, music, friendship, and more sex. 
Honest, sincere, frank, not into games. Health- 
conscious. Letter, phone. Thanks. Drawer E349. 

MALE, 33, WOULD LIKE TO MEET new friends to 
share good times and who enjoy dancing on the 
weekends. If you are interested in making friends, 
please write and provide photo if possible. Drawer 

GOOD-LOOKING, mature university student, 21, 
5'9", brown eyes, black hair, moustache. 135 lbs. is 
very interested in men who participate in the follow- 
ing activities: tennis, squash, chess, windsurfing, fly- 
ing, yachting, sizzling sex, photography, candle-light 
dinners, sparkling wine and good conversation. Pre- 
ference given to mature intelligent attractive men 
25-40 for friendship and possible relationship. 
Photo/phone receives immediate response. Drawer 

gym build. 6' 1 70 lbs. reasonably attractive, fair, early 
40s. discreet, sophisticated, and well-travelled seeks 
dominant similar 25-40 for occasional dinners, shows 
and other mutual enjoyment. Your picture gets mine. 
All answered. Drawer E238. 

OUT-OF-TOWN 42 GWM in Toronto often. Would 
like someone, 35-50, to visit for friendship and on oc- 
casion stay over when on business. Will cover costs. 
Leather novice. Drawer E243. 

ENEMAS FOR EROTIC FUN with attractive GWM 
36. Experience not essential. Letter with photo en- 
sures reply. Drawer E254. 

ENEMAS YOUR BAG? Learn what the Fraternity of 
Enema Buddies offers you. Frank, 411 East 37th 
Street, Indianapolis, Indiana 46205. 


GWM, GOOD-LOOKING, 6'1" 175 lbs, mid- 
thirties, anxious to learn light S&M with stable, 
mature, masculine, dominant man. If you're tall, 
professional, clean, well-educated and well-built, 
please give us both a chance to get something good go- 
ing. Phone and photo appreciated. Drawer E308. 


Dutch, 28, 5' 10". 160 lbs. good body, hard cock — 
seeks young guy for weekday, afternoon fun. Drawer 

GWM, 27, STRAIGHT-ACTING, tired of being 
alone, hopes to meet similar friends, 27-32, who like 
classical music, opera, films, books, long walks, quiet 
evenings and who aren't afraid of a close friendship or 
possible relationship. Not into bars or drugs. All 
sincere replies answered. Drawer E309. 

COCK-CRAZY AND LOVE IT! Young, attractive, 
hot body, hot cock, hot ass needs LOTS of loving 
from other horny, hot men 21-35. Days, evenings. 
I'm 32, 5'9" 140 lbs, dark hair, moustache, hairy, 
hung. Box 1031, Stn F, M4Y 2T7. 

MALE, BLOND, TALL, trim, athletie, smooth up- 
per body, 36, clean, healthy, horny, with beautiful un- 
cut 8" endowment, seeks male with wet, perfect 
mouth who loves to feel super-deep expert stimula- 
tion. Prefer you trim, clean-cut and smooth; round, 
firm, perfect buns a special turn-on. Strip naked, get 
wet and uninhibitedly satisfy your every hunger with a 
guy who'll really appreciate your talents. Discretion 
guaranteed. Send physical description, photo if possi- 
ble (returned), phone and hot. hot letter to Drawer 

I AM A 27- YEAR-OLD trim, attractive, educated 
Oriental male who would like to meet someone com- 
patible for friendship or relationship. Photo/phone 
please. Drawer E312. 

lifestyle, warm, understanding, stable nature. Non- 
smoking, slim build, 5'8", clean shaven. Not into bars 
or drugs. Interested in classical music including organ 
and chamber concerts, long walks, cycling, cars and 
country weekends. Seeking stable, thoughtful, 
mature Chinese under 30 with similar qualities, 
established and living permanently in Toronto who is 
looking for a close friendship and would like to share 
my interests. Please include phone number. Serious 
replies only. Drawer E3 16. 

GWM. 33. ATTRACTIVE, clean, discreet, straight 
appearance, non-promiscuous. Seeks male under 30 
who is circumcized. French A/P, Greek A, likes kiss- 
ing, fondling for mutually satisfying weekly get- 
togethers. Reply with frank letter. Photo, phone. 
Drawer E3 19. 

MALE, LATE 40s. trim, smooth, masculine, 
energetic, eager, offers superb oral sex to clean, 
healthy, horny young males. Ultra-exciting techni- 
ques, perfect breath control, expertly long-lasting. 
Prefer you smooth, firm, nicely built and very well 
hung. Horny students, first-timers, marricds 
welcome. Have friend, blond, tall, 36, trim, uncut, 
very well-endowed who loves to watch and also get 
great head. Deepest, wettest, most intense sexual 
pleasure guaranteed. Send description or photo and 
phone. Discretion assured. Drawer E320. 

9 Isabella St.,Toronto, Canada 


THE BODY POLITIC i i MAY 1984 ; > 43 

OFFE^ name 




Certified Cheque or Money 
Order payable to 
Dept. 226 



Dept. 226 

810 West Broadway Street 

Vancouver. B.C. V5Z 4C9 










B.C. Rasldents Add 7% Sales Tax 

Shipping & Handling $3.50 per Tape 










Order: 1 title at $34.95, including shipping 

2 titles at $32.95 each, including shipping 

3 or nnore at only $29.95 each, incl. shipping 

n 1. A Matter of Size 

D 2. Huge no. 2 

D 3. Winner's Circle (new listing) 

D 4. Leo & Lance (new listing) 

n 5. Malibu Days, Big Bear Nights 

D 6. Best Little Warehouse in L.A. 

n 7. For Members Only 

D 8. Cannes 

D 9. Al Parker's Turned On 

D 10. Falcon Videopac no. 24 ("Style") 

nil. The Other Side of Aspen 

D 12. Cood Times Cumming (Lance) 

D 13. Greenhorn (Western) 

D 14. Seven in a Barn (J. Brian) 

D 15. Huge no. 1 

D 16. El Paso Wrecking Corp. (Joe Gage) 

n 17. Nights in Black Leather (Peter Berlin) 

D 18. Johnny Harden & Friends (new listing) 

D 19. Tuesday Morning Workout (J. Brian) 

D 20. Printer's Devils (William Higgins) 

D 21. The Idol 

D 22. Wet Shorts (award) 

D 23. Pacific Coast Highway 

D 24. The Boys of Venice 

D 25. The Boys of San Francisco 

n 26. These Bases Are Loaded 

D 27. The Diary (Toby Ross) 

D 28. Brothers Should Do It 

D 29. All Tied Up (Arch Brown) 

n 30. Cell Block no. 9 

D 31. Jeff Noll's Buddies 

D 32. Centurians of Rome 

D 33. Kept After School (Nova) 

D 34. Against the Rules 

D 35. Teenage Handymen 

D 36. A Night at Halsted's 

D 37. Cruisin' The Castro (new listing) 

D 38. New York City Pro (Leo Ford) 

D 39. Rear Deliveries 

D 40. The Class of '84, Part 2 

D 41. Revenge of the Nighthawk 

D 42. The Class of '84, Part 1 

D 43. Hot Shots (Casey Donovan) 

□ 44. Pegasus 

D 45. Eyes of a Stranger 

D 46. L.A. Tool & Die (Joe Gage) 

D 47. Up 'n' Cumming 

D 48. American Cream (Uniforms) 

D 49. Roommates (Kip Noll) 

D 50. Orgy (Christopher Rage) (new listing) 

TO ORDER: Send this list with the order form and 

receive a 75-page illustrated catalogue. 


GWM, 32, 6' 165 lbs. University background, ar- 
ticulate, masculine. Prefer similar single men, -^ 30 
+ 6'. Photo appreciated. Drop me a line then drop 
your drawers! ...E321. 

CUDDLY GAY MALE, weightlifter's build. Varied 
spiritual, cultural and athletic interests. Seeks 
another for friendship and /or relationship. I have a 
sexual dysfunction problem. Drawer E325. 

ATHLETIC GAY MALE seeks a friend to share any 
or all of the following activities: bodybuilding, jogg- 
ing, bicycling, dancing, movies, theatre. Drawer 

NICE COUTH BEARDED MALE, considered at- 
tractive, seeks nice, attractive cuddly man with 
goosebumps for lovely encounters. Drawer E326. 

LEATHER, RUBBER, B/D playmate sought. I'm 
experienced both ways. Limits respected, age unim- 
portant. Drawer E347. 


SEPARATED GWM, part-time father, lives in 
Brantford area — wishes to meet other GWMs for 
friendship and companionship. Am 31 and 5'9", 150 
pounds. Honesty, sincerity, discretion a must. Am 
not into bar or drug scene. Drawer E20I. 

MALE 33, 5'2" 1 10 lbs, hoping to meet very special 
man for committed relationship. Drawer E277. 

WANTED: YOUNG MAN between 18 and 25 for 
lawn, house chores, by 37-year-old man. Must be 
straight-acting. Loads of fringe benefits to the right 
guy. I like smooth bodies and red-heads and blonds, 
but open to other shades of hair, etc. Peterborough 
area please. Drawer E280. 

GERMAN MASCULINE MALE 42, 6'2" 185 lbs, 
seeks masculine male for friendship with honesty, 
warmth and intelligence. My interests: home with 
garden, good conversation, photography, travel. 
Discretion required and guaranteed. Drawer E282. 

BELLEVILLE. MALE 23, 5'9" 140 lbs, would like 
to meet others (under 30) from surrounding area for 
friendship and fun times. Relationship not an objec- 
tive but possible. Drawer E331. 

CREATIVE SPENDER, slim and bearded, seeking 
stable relationship with financially secure and 
generous man — photo and financial statement ap- 
preciated. Drawer E313. 

BI-SEXUAL WHITE MALE 48 years, 5' 11 " 1 53 lbs, 
needs shaft serviced, will reciprocate with Greek ac- 
tive. Discretion a must. Photo and phone will assure 
reply. Cambridge-Brantford area. Drawer E306. 

GWM, 30, 5'8" 130 lbs, dark hair, beard, seeking 
friendship/relationship with other sincere, warm, 
healthy, monogamous, career-oriented male — sense 
of humour an asset — photo appreciated. Drawer 

GOOD-LOOKING 30s, masculine male, wishes to 
meet discreet male for sex and friendship. Also want 
workout buddy. Clean and discreet, not really into 
bar scene. Niagara peninsula. Drawer E328. 


ATTRACTIVE SLIM 26-YEAR-OLD, 155 lbs, 5'9" 
black hair, masculine, seeks friends to share good 
times. Box 3187, Picton, Ont. KOK 2T0. 



HANDSOME GWM, 25, dark hair, 5" 10" 145 lbs, 
good physique, French. Hope to meet mature, sen- 
sitive, understahding man for a committed relation- 
ship around my age. I need someone who is looking 
for more in life than one-night stands and who is will- 
ing to truly give of himself totally to the right person. 
Sincerely, Box 3234, Station D, Ottawa KIP 6H8. 

YOUNG STUDENT OR WORKER, 16-21, wishing 
good times, discrete relation with mature 
person: teacher, 46, wish to meet you now. Drawer 


ATTRACTIVE GUY, 21, 5'8" 122 lbs, seeks stable, 
lasting relationship with sincere guy (preferably my 
own age). Not into bar scene, prefers quiet dates with 
a friend. Interests: everything connected to films. No 
need to be film connoisseur like me, just have toenjoy 
going to the movies. Also, I would appreciate some- 
one who has different interests to share with me. 
Please, you must send a clear photo to receive a reply. 
Thanks. Drawer E092. 


TWO WELL-HUNG, HORNY GUYS (29, 30) look- 
ing for hot. deep throat and light ass to stuff. If you're 
looking for some good, raunchy sex, send phone and 
photo to Drawer E323. 


GWM, 29, 5'8" 150 lbs. masculine, friendly, honest 
and understanding, seeking male 18-30 of same type 
for friendship or relationship. Not into bar scenes or 
drugs. Drawer E145. 

GWM, 25, 5'5" 149, friendly and honest. Likes 
reading, cinema, cycling. No drugs, drinks, smokes. 
Seeks same 20-30: friends, penpals, etc? CP 195 1 , Sue 
A, Montr eal H3C 3A6. 

IRA NCOPHONE 29, 5'8" 145 lbs. good-looking, 
varied interests, seeks anglophone who would help 
mc to improve my English. Friendship and maybe... 
Photo appreciated. Mcrci. Drawer E276. 


29-YEAR-OLD MALE between Digby and Yar- 
mouth. Not into heavy sex but likes male companion 
for good clean fun. Cuddling and conversation my 
specialty. Quick meeting possible. Drawer E260. 

lbs, physically fit, at ease in the kitchen as well as the 
barn or boardroom, seeks younger good-looking man 
for friendship and to help in the everyday activity of 
running a tourist business in Nova Scotia. The can- 
didate should be honest, sincere, discreet and mature. 
Drawer E294. 

MALE, 30, 5'10" 155 lbs, well-endowed, athletic 
build, good-looking, seeks similar company. Discre- 
tion essential. Photo, telephone appreciated. Drawer 

WORKING MALE 36, 6' 140 lbs, living in Annapolis 
Valley town. Moved here 3 months ago from very 
large city. I miss not having someone GAY to talk to or 
to do things with. I enjoy camping, hiking, theatre, 
dancing, cards, long walks, Sunday brunch, etc. 
Would like to have a good friend(s), maybe more. 
Discretion assured and expected. Drawer E341 . 


A NOTE to prisoners who wish to have pen pals — 
Metropolitan Community Church is offering a pen- 
pal service to men and women prisoners through the 
church's prison ministry. Prison Ministry, 730 Bath- 
urst St, Toronto, ON M5S 2R4. 

sexual exploitation, in institutions everywhere, bene- 
fit from the work of The Prometheus Foundation, 
which also protects gays in society from rip-offs by 
unscrupulous inmates. For information on the Pen 
Pal Group and other vital programmes, and a copy of 
FIRE!, the Foundation's newsletter, send SASE to: 
Prometheus, Box 12954, Pittsburgh, PA 15241. 

LEFT BANK BOOKS sponsors a Books For Prisoners 
project . Through donations and a postage grant we are 
able to send free miscellaneous books to inmates every- 
where, (provided an institution allows them). We offer 
specieil order books at cost (usually 35-40''7o off). Pris- 
oners and other interested persons should write: Books 
For Prisoners, Box A, 92 Pike St, Seattle, WA 98101. 

WM, 32, SEEKINGGAYS willing tocorrespond with 
a lonely gay man who really needs a sincere and honest 
friend, to possibly visit and help me through hard 
times. I am 5'6" 136 lbs, brown hair and blue-green 
eyes. Photo appreciated. All letters must be accom- 
panied with embossed stamped envelope — prison 
rule. Write to: Jonnie D. Sharp, SN 1 34-5 1 2, PO Box 
45699, Lucasville, Ohio 45699. 

with. I'm down and out and doing a lot of time. 1 
don't know when I'll be out, and I need a Sugar Dad- 
dy to help pass the time. No games. Will answer all 
mail, so feel free to write a line. I'm 33 years young. 
5' 10" 175 lbs, and lonely, so write me a couple of 
lines. Allen Livingston, 85358, Box 97, McAlester, 
OK 74501. 

BODYBUILDER, 23 YEARS OLD, 5' 11" 195 lbs, 
brown hair and eyes. Needing to hear from 
bodybuilders and other people out there to share 
some sunshine. Getting out in 85, hoping to find that 
special someone to share my life with. All letters will 
be answered, Benny Brewer, 94994. Box 97, 
McAlester, OK 74501. 

I'M 25, WELL-EDUCATED with many desires and 
interests in life. I'm seeking to establish a mutual and 
lasting relationship with any sincere individualist who 
wishes to correspond. Duane Frazier, 147-274, Box 
45699, Lucasville, OH 45699-0001. 

MALE 23, 5' 10" 180lbs, brown hair, blueeyes, look- 
ing for someone gay, 40-60 years old, interested in a 
lasting relationship. Jimmy Thompson, %346, PO 
Box97, McAlester. Okla. 74501. 

BLACK 26-YEAR-OLD. confmed and lonely in- 
dividual in need of someone to corresf>ond with. En- 
joy reading, exercising, listening to the radio, advanc- 
ing and communicating. Gregory Newson D58(X)4, 
PO Box 221, 63-1 14. Raiford. FL 32083. 

MALE, 5'10", 34. No one out there seems to care. 
Honest and very sincere, very open-minded, loving 
and understanding. Need true friends and possible 
relationship, will relocate upon release. Will answer 
all. Hurry, I'm lonely. Clifford Urry. PO Box 41. 
Michigan City, IN 46360. 

LONELY BISEXUAL MALE 5*5", red hair, blue 
eyes. Wish to correspond with male or female Robert 
Whiteing. 1 30902, PO Box 97, McAlester. OK 74502. 

NOLAN BEIL, 5'7". 150 lbs, se\uall> attractive, 
which led to a lucrative modelling career prior to in- 
carceration, seeks correspondence with persons who 
recogni/e that life can truly be beautiful. Nolan Bell, 
172.300. PO Box 4.5699, lucasville, OH 4.';699-00l. 


I ON LI ^ 6.s>, qiiici, nla^culmc, professional, non- 
promiscuous would like to give head on a regular basis 
lo hung guv. No recipr(Kation. Race no barrier. 
Photo Drawer E305. 

GAY C Ol RIWAli II General court information, 
lawyer referrals, crisis referrals, support ser\ices If 
you have been arrested or need assistance with the 
court system leave a message al room 337, Old City 
Hall or call 362-6928 or 961-8046 Wc are here to help 

SEXUAlREJUVENATIONmaie and female. Safe 
herbal remedial. Fully guaranteed $14.00 cheque or 
moncv order. Mankind, Box 1160, Sin F, Toronto. 

ON M4T 278. 

QU IT SMOKING EASY WAY cut down or Slop now. 
Safe herbal remedial Fully gurantccd $14.00 Man- 
kind. Boy 1160. Stn I, Toronto. ON M4T 278. 




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Hill si ill the same IriendU faces on our slalT. 


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Superstar lives in fear of Tlie Big Question 



Steplien Stucl(ey tries to find out! 

The lush pastel facades of Encino, California, home to singer 
Michael Jackson, did not, at first, faze me. I had been asked to try 
to interview him for The Body Politic to get his views on a num- 
ber of topics. It was not going to be an easy interview to do. 

Staying in my room at the Pink 
Pussy Motor Hotel on the outskirts 
of Encino, I wrote questions in my 
very best Jessica Mitford fashion, 
rated from "Kind" to "Cruel." 

I drove out to the large house he 
shares with his parents, his sisters 
Janet and LaToya, a boa constrictor, 
a cockatoo, two fawns, a llama, some 
macaws and a giant rhea. hi first 
Mr Latosinska, the burly s<icurity 
guard in the booth outside the 
house, didn't believe I was a journal- 
ist and wouldn't let me past the 
gate. I quickly told him I had an ap- 

He let me into the security booth 
while he checked with Mrs Jackson, 
Michael's mother. The intercom 
wasn't working very well — there 
was static — and the bureaucratic 
red tape involved in getting to see 
Michael got me down. I admit I had 
been drinking. Not heavily, but I 
had had a few shots of Country 
Roads apple wine back in my room. 

Mrs Jackson had never heard of 
me, she said through the static, 
Michael was very busy, and couldn't 
I just talk to somebody in the publi- 
city department at Epic Records? 
No, I said, I needed in-depth infor- 
mation regarding Michael's sexual- 
ity. All right — I see now it was a 
g^oss error to confide in Mrs Jack- 
son in this way. She said Michael 
was definitely not in and the guard 
hustled me back to my rented Cor- 
tina and told me to get out. 

I drove back to the Pink Pussy for 
the night and listened to Cilia 
Black's "You're My World" for in- 
spiration. Luckily, the hotel was lo- 
cated quite near K&J's Fine Li- 
quors — I was nearly out of apple 
wine. I had a few drinks and review- 
ed my research materials: tattered 
copies of the Watchtower and some 
old newspaper clippings from the 
National Enquirer and Tab Interna- 

Did you know that God is one per- 
son, Jehovah, who once existed all 
alone in space? Is it really written 
that the Motor City is to be spared 
the final conflagration? How does 
this connect with "Billie Jean is not 
my lover"? I needed the answer to 
these questions. 

Next morning after breakfast I 

BEST OF FRIENDS: Diana and Michael 
are close, but he doesn't get her gowns 

drove back to Michael's estate. As 
usual, groups of young women wan- 
dered about outside the fence, 
pressing their faces against the 
chain-link as they searched for a 
glimpse of Michael — or even 
LaToya. I had to get in this time. 

My first break was that it was a 
different guard in the control booth. 
I heard patrol dogs barking off in 
the distance. 

I am afraid I lied to the security 
guard — I said I was to interview 
Michael for Vogue magazine. The 
man pushed a button on his inter- 
com. First we heard a secretary 
speaking through the static. Anoth- 
er break: he seemed to believe my 
story. Within minutes, Michael 
Jackson himself was on the other 
end of the intercom, and I spoke to 
him from his own security booth. 

First I quizzed him a bit about 


9 «ifj 


^Evasive recluse eludes the media — but our reporter 
^^ fortifies himself and braves Encino to get the answer 

Diana Ross. Was it true she gave 
him her old sequined gowns when 
she was through with them? 

"No, no. Where'd you hear that? 
She gives them to the Salvation Ar- 
my for distribution to needy poor 

What about those gay rumours 
— Michael and Qlifton Davis, who 
wrote "Never Can Say Goodbye"? 

"Listen — that's nonsense. Clif- 
ton was at Caesar's Palace with 
Leslie Uggams, okay? I was there 
with Diana. The papers got it all 
wrong — say, are you sure you're 
with Vogue magazine?" 

So then it's not true about those 
sex-change operations — Annie 
Lennox and Madleen Kane, Brooke 
Shields kiddie-porn and all that? 
What about that story, "Numero- 
logy Proves Michael Jackson Doom- 
ed "To Live as Reincarnation of Tam- 
mi Terrell?" 

"People are always bugging me 
about my sex life these days. Do you 
know the story of Lot and Sodom 
and Gomorrah? There are some 
very interesting facts about homo- 
sexuality in the Bible, you know. 
Worship the Lord your God and 
serve Him only." 

LIFE WITH MAMA: Michael has always stuck close by his mother. Daddy got fired 

I begin to think the interview is 
getting somewhere. I can feel the 
alcohol coursing through my brain. 

I ask Michael about the battle of 
Armageddon. Does he really go 
knocking on doors to hand out cop- 
ies of the Watchtower? 

"After the dead are raised up, the 
chosen 144,000 will live in heaven; 
those who reject the teachings will 
be annihilated. Sure, I go visiting all 
the time." 

Does he incite riots when he goes 
out distributing the Watchtower? 

"No way. Well, once this girl got 
carried away and one of my body- 
guards had to restrain her until she 
was hospitalized. That made me 
sad. I cried. Usually I just hang out 
at the Kingdom Hall. All other chur- 
ches are controlled by devils." 

Is it not true, then, that Isabella 
Rossellini will be paid off so he can 
launch a new line of Lancome cos- 
metics and beauty products? Mich- 
ael's Eye-liner, Michael's Lip-liner, 
Michael's Super-spangle Styling 

"No, no. Listen — don't you know 
about heterosexuality, the natural, 
God-given way of human sexuahty?" 

The static is getting louder, my 
finger is getting tired of holding 
down the intercom button, and I 
very badly have to use the toilet. I 
still don't know much about Mi- 
chael's sex life but I hear irritation 
in his voice. I ask if he has any final 
words for Vogue readers. 


Thank you for the ivorld so sweet 

Thank you for the food we eat. 

Thaiik you for the birds that sing. 

Thank you, God, for everything. " 

I thank the guard and go back to 
my hotel room. I watch an old Tues- 
day Weld picture on TV. I put my 
notebook away and get out the 

Is Michael Jackson gay? Don't 
ask me. 

Page 4/ The Body Politic May 1984 


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