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A MAGAZINE 

FOR LESBIAN/GAY 

LIBERATION 








Lit: L» i •! Lfl LI w L • i«i L' 



Ontario's new ''open'' government 
won V come to the door 

PUBLIC-SPIRITED 

Cops and media say harassing 
washroom sex is their duty 

DYING TO LIVE 

Jim Black wants no sad songs from us 







'-> 







Vancouver Gay and Lesbian 
Summer Games and Gay/Lesbian 
Pride Festival. 

July 29: Art Exhibition opens at the Pitt Inter- 
national Gallery, 38 Powell St. (604)681-6740. 
Aug I: Coming Out Show on CFRO radio, 
7:30pm. Special gay/lesbian pride shows. 102.7 
fm, 104.9 cable. Party for Vancouver partici- 
pants in the Summer Games. Buddy's, 1018 
BumabySt. (604)681-2424. Aug 2: Registra- 
tion and Information Centre for the Summer 
Games. Participants may meet their billets 
here. Noon til lOpm. Lotus Hotel, 455 Abbott 
St. (604)685-5346. Bridging the Gap - a social 
evening for the entire community presented by 
the leather/levi/SM crowd. John Barley's, 23 
W Cordova, (604)669-1771. Aug 3: Summer 
Games events start, 9anfv5pm. Swimming — 
Aquatic Centre, 1050 Beach Ave. 
(604)689-7156. Softball - China Creek Park. 
Terminal Ave. Women's Soccer — Strathcona 
Park, 601 KeeferSt. Volleyball - University of 
British Columbia, Osborne Gym. 
(604)228-4721 for directions on campus. 
10-pin bov/ling — Brunswick Lanes, Park 
Royal Shopping Centre, West Vancouver, 
7:30pm. Aug 4: Summer Games events finals. 
9am. Spokes Weekly Ride at 12 noon. Cyclists 
meet at the tennis courts in Stanley Park, at 
the end of Conxjx St. Fun Run — leave from 
Aquatic Centre, 1050 Beach Avenue. Registra- 
tion from 8am, run at 9am. Vancouver Men's 
Chorus hosts a boat cruise. Details TBA. Sum- 
mer Games Awards Banquet. Cocktails, din- 
ner, awards, dancing. Dogwood Room, BC 
Pavillion, Pacific National Exhibition grounds, 
6:30pm. Aug 5: Parade Breakfast. A conti- 
nental breakfast of cinnamon buns, orange 
juice and coffee from the Elbow Room Cafe. 



pholo: Bielt Johnson 



VANCOUVER is held by many to be the city of perpetual fun and games. Each August the city unpeals itself from the beaches, 
and pours Itself out of the bars and into the streets for... more fun and games. The Gay and Lesbian Summer Games will be held 
August 1-5; the Gay/Lesbian Pride Festival August 2-11. 

The games arose out of the success of some 50 Vancouver athletes who participated in Gay GamesI held in 1982 in San Fran- 
cisco. The first Vancouver Gay Summer Games were held in 1983. 

This year, medal events include swimming, volleyball, Softball, 10-pin bowling and women's fastball. A $35 registration fee 
covers all expenses for participation in these events, plus billeting and a ticket to the awards banquet. Non-medal events are 
planned for billiards and track, and there will be a fun run and cycling. 

The games are organized by the Metropolitan Vancouver Athletic and Arts Ass ociation, which coordinates and promotes 
amateur athletic groups and cultural activities. 

The MVAAA has organized an art exhibition at the Pitt International Gallery July 29 to August 10, in conjunction with Pride 
Festival week. Alternate Image, a photography club associated with MVAAA, will capture this year's events on film. 

Vancouver's Pride Festival is an annual event, somewhat out of step with the rest of the world, which celebrates in June. The 
reason, according to Festival Chairperson Malcolm Crane, is the weather. It always rains in Vancouver at the end of June, 
whereas life is all sunshine and roses in early August. 



VANCOUVER PRIDE FESTIVAL/GAY AND LESBIAN GAMES 



Nelson Park, comer Bute and Pendrell Sts, 
8:30-IO:30am. At noon, the big parade, 
yaaaah! Floats from gay businesses and 
groups, participants in the Summer Games, 
strange nuns in beards, a rumoured-to-be- 
large contingent of expatriate types from the 
Kootenays, politicians (last year, every federal 
party entered a float!), and lots and lots of les- 
bians and gay men. Nelson Park to Sunset 
Beach Park, by way of Pendrell, Bidwell and 
Beach. If you would like to enter a float, ban- 
ner or costume, please contart the Pride Festi- 
val Association. Rally after the parade at Sunset 
Beach Park, featuring awards for parade en- 
trants, speaches by local bigwigs and lots of en- 
tertainment. The Pride Festival Association is 
still seeking approval for a beer garden and car- 
nival which will follow the rally. The afternoon 
will wind up with a concert. Sports picnic at 



the Prospect Point picnic area in Stanley Park, 
noon til dusk. Last year's featured lots of cold 
beer, hot dogs, and sometimes messy fun. A 
spaghetti eating contest quickly deteriorated 
into a spaghetti flinging contest, from which 
few spectators were spared. Aug 6: Gay 
Travel seminar, presented by Story Travel. The 
evening will feature gay travel videos and infor- 
mation about tours designed for gay travellers. 
Enjoy some wine and cheese, too. 820 Bid- 
well. 7pm. Public Information seminars from 
Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anony- 
mous. Details TBA. Aug 6-8: Gay/Lesbian 
Film Festival '85. Films will include three 
shorts by Kurt McDowell, entitled Nudes 
(Sketchbook), Loads and Taboo...the 
single and the LP. Others include David 
Roche Talks To You About Love, Choos- 
ing Children, Pearl Diver and We Were 



One Man, by Philip Vallois, an exploration of 
the relationship between a mentally disturbed 
land labourer and a German soldier, set in 
France in 1943 . Showings are at the National 
Film Board Theatre, II 55 West Geor;gia St, at 
7:30 and 9:30pm. There will also be 2:30 mati- 
nee showings at reduced rates on August 7&8. 
Aug 8: The Coming Out Show, same as Aug 
I. Aug 9: AIDS Forum, including guest 
speaker James Curran MD. of the Centre for 
Disease Control in Atlanta. Seating is limited, 
so plan to arrive early. John Oliver Aud- 
itorium, 530 E 41st Ave (at Eraser), 8pm. 
Women's Dance, by Groups 6 Presentations, 
8pm. Details still TBA. Leather/levi/uniform 
night at John Barley's, 23 West Cordova St. 



2 • THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 



A 




(604)669-1771. Aug 10: Gayfest - infonna- 
tion displays from community groups, at the 
West End Community Centre, 870 Denman 
St, starting at noon. The Times of Harvey 
Milk will be presented free in two showings 
during Gayfest. 

• Kinesis Dance presents 9 new works 
choreographed by Paras Terezakis, Kathryn 
Ricketts and Grant Strate. Terezakis explores a 
number of personal themes: expectations, in- 
timacy, breaking through barriers, conformity. 
Vancouver critics refer to the honest creativity 
of his work. As well, it is often self-examining 
and introverted work, which places great de 
mands on the audience to relate to the exper- 
iences that are presented. Fireball Theatre, 
281 E Cordova; 8pm August 15-17. 
(604)689-0926. 

• Corey Hart is one of Canada's hottest 
new singers. He's bringing his new album 
"The Boy in the Box' ' to the stage August 6 at 
the Pacific Coliseum. His hit ' 'Sunglasses at 
Night' ' reached the top 10 — not a bad feat for 
a boy of 22 from Montreal. (604)280-4444. 

• Evita. "Don't Cry For Me, Argentina." 
The truth is. ..well, you may not learn the 
truth, but you'll see a bit of Broadway when 
this popular musical makes its debut in Van- 
couver. Florence Lacy (Hello Dolly, The 
Grand Tour) stars as Evita Peron, the second 
wife of Argentine dittatorjuan Peron, played 
by Robert Alton (My Fair Lady, A Funny Thing 
Happened on the Way to the Forum) . Queen 
Elizabeth Theatre, 649 Cambie, August 13-21. 
Info: (604)280-4444. 

• Tears for Fears makes their Van- 
couver debut appearance at the Pacific Col- 
iseum on August 3 1 . The group consists of 
Curt Smith and Roland Orzabal, chums since 
their school days in Bath, England. Their music 
is described as emotionally complex and conv 
mercially successful. Not what you'd call 

have a nice day' ' music , but there is a subtle 
underiying optimism to their worid-view. Info: 
(604)280-4444. 

• The American Association of 
Physicians for Human Rights is 

holding its annual meeting in Vancouver this 
year with a symposium on Gay/ Lesbian Health 
Care in the I980's, including an AIDS update. 
For information: AAPHR, Box 14366. San 
Francisco, California 94114. 

Reported from Vancouver by IBP 
correspondent Robert Harris. 
For the latest information on what's 
happening In Vancouver, pick up the 
city's leading gay paper, Angles. For 
outlets, call (604) 684-6M9. 



TORCH SONG TRILOGY will 
have an extended run through 
August if all goes well. This local 
production opened to good 
reviews and great audience 
response. A benefit perfor- 
mance for AIDS Vancouver ran 
25 minutes over the usual 3 
hours, 45 minutes because the 
audience could not stop 
laughing. Richard DeFabees 
gives us an entirely believable, 
entirely human Arnold; Van- 
couver East Cultural Centre, 
1 895 Venables at Victoria. 
(604)254-9578. 




TORONTO 

• Fever Dream, a post-feminist peek 
into the lives of five Toronto strippers, playing 
until August 1 7 at Jane Mallett Theatre, St 
Lawrence Centre, 27 Front St E. Reservations 
and ticket info: (416)366-7723. 

• Women in Canadian Theatre, 

a two day conference offering performances, 
panels, and readings by playwrights Erika Rit- 
ter, Judith Thompson, and Sharon Pollock, 
will be held at the York University Conference 
Centre on August 2 and 3. The conference is 



sponsored by the American Theatre Associa- 
tion's Women's Program, which has been ac- 
tive for over a decade and has held conferences 
and theatre festivals in New York, San Francis- 
co, Minneapolis, San Diego and Dallas. The 
program regulariy brings together a wide range 
of American and Canadian women in theatre, 
providing a forum for sharing their work. Con- 
ference registration is $50 ($40 US) and can be 
sent to Prof Rhonda Blair, Hampshire College 
Theatre, Hampshire College, Amherst, Mass- 
achusetts 01002; or phone (413)549-4600 or 
(413)253-2196. Local info: (416)593-0171. 

• Issues For the Next Genera- 
tion. Young people from around the worid 
will gather in Toronto August 1 5- 1 8 to cele- 
brate the United Nations International Youth 



VANCOUVER* KINESIS D A N C E • A U G I 5 - I 7 





"The liberation 
of homosexuals 
can only be 
the work of 
homosexuals 
themselves." 
• Kurt Hiller, 
1921 



The Collective 

Paul Biker. Chnstine Bearctwll. Rick Bebout. Gerald Hinnon, 

Ed Jxkson. Mike KeHey. Son|a Mills. Tim McCiskell. )ohn Moreau. 

Alan O'Gwnor, Dand Rajfjide. Gillian Rodgerson. Lee Waldorf 

Design & Art Direction 

Rick Bebout & Rob^n Budd. 
with Dale Bolivar. Renata janiszewski 

Canadian News & Network 

Ken Popert (coordinator). Ken Chaplin. Ed Jxkson. Andrew Lesk. 

Neil Powers. Gillian Rodgerson. Ric Tajrlor. Michael Totzke. 

(Toronto News ScafI). Rob Joyce. Don Lar»ena. Stan Persky 

(Vancouver News Stifl). Sam Archer (Victona). Maurice Beaulieu 

(Quebec). Wayne Bell (Kitchener). Gale Comin (Calgary); 

Bernard Courte (Montreal). Elizabeth Donovan (Halifax). 

Douglas janoff (Montreal). Bill Kobewka (Saskatoon). 

Jeffrey McLaughlin (Viaona). Rohn Metalfe (Halifax). Jim Monk 

(Windsor). Fay Or (Edmonton). Roben Matthews (Halifax). 

Joe Szalai (Kitchener) 

World News 

Tim McCaskdl, Gillian Rodgerson (coordinators). 
Kevin Orr 

Reviews, Features, Letters & Columns 

Rick Bebout (coordinator). Andrew Alty. Rick Archbold, 

Chris BearcheJI. Doug Grenville. Andrew Kath. Pete Livingjstone, 

David Maclean. Son|a Mills. Alan O'Connor. Craig Patterson, 

Joy Parks, Gllian Rodgerson. Jane Rule. Int Shimrat, Colin Smith, 

Richard Summerbdl. David Vereschagin 

Coming & Xtra 

Sonja Mills (coordinator), Paul Baker, Roben Hams (Vancouver). 

L Lopez. Robin MetcaKe (Halifax). Alan McGinty (Montreal). 

John Moreau. Dayne Ogilvie. Phillip Solanki. Ian Thom 

Layout & Production 

Robyn Budd (coordinator). Rick Bebout, Dale Bolivar. Paul Hackney, 

Gillian Hughes, Andrew Keith, Eugen Kurz, Kate Lazier, Jim Leahy, 

Andrew Lesk, Dorte Nielsen. Doug O'Neill. Kjel Oslund, 

Michael Petty, Wanda Jane Phillips. Mark Smith. Art Wood and 

members and friends of the collective. 

Printing: Delta Web Gnphics. Scarborough, Ontario 

Display Advertising 

Lee Waldorf (coordinator). Dale Bolivar. Boan Hint, Kate Lazier, 

Paul Lee. Mike Marshall 

Classified Advertising 

Gillian Rodgerson (coordinator). Paul Lee 

Subscriptions & Promotion 

Genkj Hannon (coordinator). John Balatka, Ward Beanie. 
Mile Conndley, Paul Flanagan. Detlef Karthaus, Stephen Mackay 

Distribution 

Ken Popen (coordinator. The Body Poliuc), Bill Brown. Carle Falle, 
Mark Hamilton. Martin Roebuck. Robert Trow. Bob WaliKe 

Office staff 

Rkk Ubout, Dile Bolivar, Robyn Budd, Gerald Hannon, 
Kate Lazier, Sonja Milli, Ken Popcit, Gillian Rodgenon, 

Lee Waldorf 
Brad Candy, Bnan Flint, David Rayside, Ken West 

The >e4y Mhk n puUntitd monthly by Pink Tnangk fna. > non-profn 

corponKJOn . as i contntution to (he budding of the py movement and the 

irvMhofpycomoouinesi RapomiWity lor the content of The Body Politic 

and of Xtra. which a pubWied twKt a moncii and dmnbuted free, resu with die 

6od|r Politic Coiearte. an autonomous body operating wuhtn Pmli Tnangie Preu 

Tht ofialaai o( tin call«ah>« tr< r«primmd only lii durly marked 

•tftsrWi. 'Hm paMkitian ofan idvtf tl wmwi t in The Body Politic 

dMi iiM man ttiat ttM coll«ctiv< Mdonci the advertlMr. 

Cofrrfftit msnnkTrlaiiflePmaiSSNHIS-lMi 

Second Clan Mail Registraion No }24S 

Unced Sates Second Qasi Posaje paid at Lrwuton. NY US Postmaster 

■end address changes to The Body Poiu. Boi 2SS. LewHCon NY iWn 

Sccond-dass subKnpuon rates for one year art t IS^S CN in Canada. 

1 1 1 ^S US lor itie US and overseas 

AvabUe on ncrofilm from: MacLaren Micn>pubiiihing. 

Box 972. Sen F. Toronto. Ont»», Canada hMY 2N^ 

OfTices of 1V Body Polltk are loated at 
S4 Wolseley St. 2nd f). Toronto. Ontario 

MaJllnf addrett: The Body Politic, Box 7711, Stn A Toronto, 
Ontario, Canada MSW IXt. • PtMNie (4li) ]M4}20 

Display Advertising deadlines: 

For the September I98S issue: Thurs, Aug I 

For the October I98S issue: Thurs, Sept S 

TIm Ba4y Poiltk IS a menter of die Coalicion lor Gay Rights 1 Oncano. the 

irvemaijonal Gay Atsoca t cn and the kitefnaeional laboft Information Service. 

andtVCanad«<PenoikaiPut*i>>cn Asooatjon Tkc Body Politk gratefully 

acknowl ed ges a pant Worn the Toronto Gay Connwvty Appeal to assist m the 

devdufjincn oi Mvnouse computer scfvices 

TIm Bo4y Polltk o ideied legi^arty n the Akemaine Press Indei. 

Boi 722^. Bakunore. MO 2I2II USA 

PrfMid Md puMiAcd in Canada 




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I 



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ABOUT WOMEN 



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4 • THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 



I 




TORUN lOl La Cage auxFolles. Peter Marshall 
and Keene Curtis star as an outrageous gay couple whose lives are 
turned upside down when their straight son requests that they clean 
up their act so that he can present "normal" parents to his would-be 
inlaws. The Tony award winning Broadway musical-comedy, based 
on the film, plays through August 1 at the O'Keefe Centre. 
Showtimes: Mon-Sat at 8pm, with Wed and Sat matinees at 2pm. 
$26.50-$40.50. 1 Front St, info and reservations: (416) 872-1212. 




Year. Participants will take part in discussions 
and workshops in eight theme areas: Develop- 
ment and Underdevelopment, Peace and War, 
Women's Issues, Popular Culture, Human 
Rights, Environmental Issues, Education, and 
Work and Technology. This international con- 
ference will be held at Glendon College, York 
University. Fornrwre info: (416)667-6163 or 
(416)967-3868. 

• Forty Deuce. The play about male 
prostitution in New York City continues to 
run at the Bathurst St Theatre for an indefinite 
period of time (probably until late July or early 
August). 736 Bathurst St; for reservations and 
ticket info all (416)533-1161. 

• Hollywood Musical Festival. 

Enjoy performances of some of Hollywood's 
biggest stars as Harbourfront presents a series 
of classic Hollywood Musicals, featuring such 
stars as Judy Garland, Gene Kelly, Fred and 
Ginger, Audrey Hepburn and others: Mon July 
22: Pigskin Parade, July 23: A Star is 
Born, July 24: Silk Stockings. July 25: 
Three Smart Girls and Yankee Doodle 
Dandy, July 26: Swing Time and Anchors 
Aweigh, July 27: Kiss Me Kate and San 
Francisco, July 28: The Gang's All Here, 
July 29: Poor Little Rich Girl, July 30: 
Words and Music, July 31: Sweethearts, 
Aug I: An American in Paris. All screenings 
at the Studio Theatre, York Quay Centre, 235 
Queen's Quay W. Films start at 7:30pm; and 
in the case of a double bill, the second show 
will begin at 9:30. Tickets are $3.50, available 
at the Harbourfront Box Office, BASS, or call 
(416) 869-8412 and charge it. 

• Jane Siberry is in concert Tuesday, 
August 6 at the Ontario Place Fonjm at 8:30 
pm. Free with admission to the grounds ($5). 



• Claposis. A love story about women, by 
Audrey Butler. Aug 7-10 at 8:30; Aug II at 
2:30. Theatre Passe Muraille Backspace. Box 
office: 363-2416. 

• Bratty and the Babysitters play 
a special gig Thursday, July 25 at the El Mocanv 
boforCFNY's" Streets of Ontario " spot . 
464 Spadina Ave; (416)961-8991. 

• Heretix, an all-women rock band will 
play on Friday, August 1 6 at DMZ as part of a 
series presented by the A Space Music Com- 
mittee. Tickets are available at A Space (204 
Spadina Ave), Toronto Women's Bookstore 
(73 Harbord St), DMZ (337 Spadina Ave) and 
the Bamboo (312 Queen St W). Info: 
(416)364-3227. 

• KD Lang. On Muchmusic this month. 
KD Lang in concert 10:30pm on Saturday, 
August 24, recorded at Toronto's Ontario 
Place in May. Muchmusic is a pay-TV channel 
which comes on cable 29 in Toronto. 

• '50s Costume Dance. The Metro- 
politan Community Church of Toronto pre- 
sents "Conf)e Back to Our '50s Dance Jimmy 
Dean, Jimmy Dean" with a cash bar, movies, 
finger foods and prizes for the best '50s 
costumes. Saturday, August 10 at 9pm at the 
MCC Sanauary, 730 Bathurst St (I block 
south of Bloor). Tickets are $5, available at 
Glad Day Bookshop or at the door. 

For the latest information on what's 
going on in Toronto, call 923-GAYS 
(923-4297), or pick up a copy of Xtra!, 
published twice a month by the people 
at The Body Politic, and distributed 
free in bars, clubs, theatres and 
restaurants across the city. 



MONTREAL 



THE BEACH at Pare Lafontaine. The 
only thing missing is the surf and the 
sand. Because the St Lawrence River is 
too polluted and the swimmable lakes 
are just too far away for busy, modern 



homosexuals, enterprising gay men and 
women have created this impromptu 
beach-like environment in this 
downtown(ish) park. It's located at the 
N E comer of Sherbrooke & Amherst. 
Should you find yourself in the area on 
any hot, sunny summer day, find a 
blanket, suntan lotion, beer and a radio 
and join the gang. There are often 
several hundred gay people there at 
busy times. Just like a beach! 




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6 • THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 




MONTREAL 

• Subversive Cinema. The Conserv- 
atoire D' Art Cinematographique de Montreal, 
which is part of Concordia University, has 
made subversive cinema their summer theme. 
To quote the organizers: ' 'This is a retro- 
spective about the subversion of existing val- 
ues, institutions, and taboos East and West, 
Left and Right by potentially the most power- 
ful art of the century." It'san excellent com- 
pendium of cinema classics from around the 
worid, from the '20s to the 70s. Some not- 
ables: camp classic Some Like it Hot star- 
ring you-know-who (Aug 2, 9pm), Death in 
Venice (Aug 4, 9pm), Todd Browning's 1932 
Circus-intrigue flic Freaks (Aug 9, 7pm) and 
Pasolini's Salo, an interpretation of the Mar- 
quis de Sade's 120 Days of Sodom (Aug 10, 
9 pm). Conservatoire D'Art Cinematograph- 
ique de Montreal, Concordia University, 1455 
de Maisonneuve Quest (Metro: Guy); admis- 
sion is $2 for each film. Info: (514)879-4349. 

• The World Film Festival. The 

ninth annual extravaganza will open on August 
21 and will run until September I. The Festival 
organizers have decided to be close-mouthed 
about the features being offered this year: at 
press time, the only information available was 
that the Nonman Jewison ' s Agnes of God 
starring Jane Fonda and Anne Bancroft would 
be the lead film. However, the promoters as- 
sure us that there will be "several gay-themed 
films' ' in this year's program. The Festival, and 
the concurrent Montreal Film, Television 
and Video Market (Aug 25-31) will be based 
at Hotel Meridien at Ste Catherine & Jeanne 
Mance, and most of the screenings will be at 
theatres in the adjacent neighbourhood, for 
more information, check the daily papers 
toward the end of August. 

Reported from Montreal by TBP 
correspondent Alan McGinty. 
For the most up-to-date information on 
events in Montreal, pick up the latest 
Issue of Sortie, North America's 
largest French-language gay publication. 
Call (514) 286-7122 for locations. 





WINNIPEG 

• The Canadian Women's 
Festival '85. This second annual festival 
celebrating women's contributions to the Arts 
in Canada will take place in Winnipeg, Man- 
itoba on the weekend of Aug 30- Sep I at 
Kildonan Park. The impressive line-up includes 
Heather Bishop, Wondeur Brass. Lillian 
Allen, Sheila Gostick and many, many 
more! Tickets are available at ATO, BTO, 
Home-Made Music, La Maison du Disque. JJH 
McLean and McNally Robinson Booksellers. 
For more information contaa: Canadian 
Women's Music and Cultural Festival/Le Festi- 
val Culturel des Femmes Canadiennes, 3D-I6I 
Stafford Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba 
R3M2W9; or call (204)477-5478. 



ST JOHN 

# Canada Summer Games. The 

Lesbian and Gaymen Or^ganization of Saint 
John, New Brunswick (LAGO-SJ) is planning a 
whole series of social events to celebrate this 
year's Games. There's dancing at Jay Jay's 
Club, Hilyard Place on Aug 16 starting at 9pm; 
call (506)633-1376 for information, and a bar- 
beque at Mispec Beach at 12:30 on Saturday, 
Aug 17 with a softball game at 1:30 (raindate — 
call 633-1256). LAGO's big dance will be held 
at 9pm on Aug 17 at the Union Hall at Ludlow 
and Tower St in West Saint John, with a drag 
show, tan line contest and prizes to Mr and Ms 
Athlete for the most original or unique athletic 
costume. Those who wake up in time can go 
to brunch Sunday morning, Aug 18 at 1 1 :30 — 
call the Gayline at (506)633-1256 for location. 
Jay jay's will be sponsonng a pool tournament 



Aug 21 at 9pm. There'll be a beach party at 
Saints Rest Beach Aug 24 at 8pm — and while 
the saints rest, the rest of us will be toasting 
marshmallows! LAGO-SJ's regular dance will 
be held Aug 31 at the Union Hall. 




HALIFAX 

• La Femme de I'Hotel, by Que- 
becoise director Lea Pool, is one of several re- 
cent films dealing with bonds between women; 
however, according to Margaret Fulford, "the 
question of sexuality hangs in the air but is ne- 
ver dealt with directly.' ' Showing Aug 2-8 at 
Wormwood's Dog & Monkey Cinema, 1588 
Barrington St, 3rd floor; call (902)422-3700 for 
screening times. 

• Emily and Walt. Halifax filmmaker 
Glenn Walton's short, on an imagined dia- 
logue between a loquacious Walt Whitman 
and a laconic Emily Dickinson, is scheduled to 
be premiered Aug 12 dunng a benefit for the 
Atlantic Filmmakers Co-op at Ginger's 
Tavern. HollisSt. 



• Judy Small. Both feminist and gay/les- 
bian audiences have raved about Judy Small's 
powerful voice and witty songs such as Turn 
Right, Go Straight. The Australian folk 
singer will be appearing at the Sir James Dunn 
Theatre, Dalhousie Arts Centre, Friday, 
August 1 6 at 8 pm. Tickets are $8 at the door, 
or $7 in advance from the box office. Red Her- 
ring Bookstore or by calling (902) 429-3 1 1 6. 

Reported from Halifax by TBP 
correspondent Robin Metcalfe. For the 
latest information on events in Halifax, 
call the Gayline at (902) 423-1389. 




EDINBURGH 

• The I98S Edinburgh Festival 
Fringe will have a definite lesbian presence 
— as Lavendar Menace, the city's lesbian and 
gay community bookshop, sponsors three les- 
bian readings and an original play. 

The play. Vita, celebrates Vita Sackville- 
West — poet, novelist, and traveler — who 
eloped with her first love, Violet Trefusis, in 
1920, and was later the lover of Virginia Woolf. 
A romantic figure who loved costumes and 
lived in a castle, she was a realist on the subject 
of women's position in society; and gave her 
support to Radclyffe Hall during the Well of 
Loneliness trial. Sigrid Nielson's two-wo- 
man show is based on the words of Vita, her 
lovers, and her friends. Performed at Lister 
Housing Co-op, 36a Lauriston Place, August 
19-3 1 at 2pm. Admission is £2.25 (£1 .75 for 
unemployed and students). 

Jeannette Winterson, bestselling author of 
Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit, will 
read from her novel at the bookshop (Ha 
Forth St in Edinbur;gh) at 8pm. Tuesday. Aug 
20. 

I Know I Danced With Her, But it's 
You I Love is a sendup and celebration of les- 
bian ronwitic fiaion from 1957 to the present. 
This three-woman reading features selections 
from the five-volume Beebo Brinker series by 
Ann Bannon as well as more contemporary ro- 
mances such as Choices and Iris. 8pm on 
Thursday, Aug 15 and Wednesday, Aug 21 at 
the bookshop. Free, but donations are appre- 
ciated. 

Laughing Lesbians is a reading of hu- 
nx)urous selections from works by lesbians 
and other irreverent women such as Rita Mae 
Brown, Dorothy Parker, Stevie Smith, jane 
deLynn and others. 3pm on Sunday, Aug 25 
and 8pm on Friday, Aug 30; also free and also 
at the bookshop. The August 25 performance 
will be followed by a women-only party with 
music, wine and food. 

For more information, call Lavendar Menace 
at 031-556 0079. 

Got something coming? Get it into 
Coming! Send information and photos 
to: Coming, The Body Politic, Box 7289, 
Stn A. Toronto, ON M5W 1X9. Deadline 
for September events: Wednesday, 
August 7 



THE BODY POUTIC • AUGUST 1985 • 7 



D I T O R I 



A Time 
to Act 



After 42 years of Tory rule, Ontario has a new government. What kind of 
changes can we expect? Will this government be sympathetic to the con- 
cerns of lesbians and gay men? 

With the Liberal Party having taken the reigns of power from Frank 
Miller's Conservatives and with the New Democrats holding the balance 
of power, we might reasonably expect to see some changes made. Surely, 
with a more left-leaning government at the helm, our right to be protected 
from discrimination will become law; our hassles with police commissions 
free from local control will cease. 

Think again. 

Since 1976, New Democratic policy has promised protection for the rights of gay 
people in this province. But during the reign of William Davis's minority Conserva- 
tive government in the late '70s, the NDP held the balance of power — but didn't hold 
to their principles. Not only did they fail to push the Tories to include sexual orienta- 
tion in the Ontario Human Rights Code, they backtracked on their own stated policy. 
Gay rights were "not a priority" said then-NDP leader Michael Cassidy during the 
1981 provincial election campaign. Are they a priority now? Or are NDP policy and 
NDP action still worlds apart? 

Liberal Party policy on gay rights is "open" — members are free to vote as their 
conscience dictates. Former Liberal MLA Sheila Copps (who has since gone to feder- 
al heaven) exercised her conscience in 1981 , bringing forward an amendment to the 
Human Rights Code that would have included sexual orientation. Her bill was de- 
feated by the majority Conservative house, but the fact that it was Copps who acted 
rather than a New Democrat points up the passivity of the NDP. Right now Susan 
Fish, the Conservative MLA for the heavily gay downtown Toronto riding of St 
George, is working with legislative counsel to amend the Code. The NDP have pro- 
fessed "interest," but they're not doing anything. Even NDP researcher Graham 
Murray confesses that "it has not been close to the front of anyone's agenda." 

The NDP is also on record as favouring revamped police commissions (which are 
now under provincial rather than local control), and for full civilian review of abusive 
pohcing. The NDP has the opportunity to prove that they're interested in a more de- 
mocratic process: they should push for an end to arbitrary enforcement of the bawdy- 
house laws by a largely homophobic police force; they should call for an end to the 
entrapment of gay men in washrooms and parks. 

What can we do to show the governing Liberals and their NDP allies that we want 
action? We must act ourselves. 

William Wrye (MLA for Windsor-Sandwich) is the new Minister of Labour, re- 
sponsible for the Human Rights Code. His office says that "all matters of legislation 
are under review." Write and tell him how you feel this legislation should be "review- 
ed." Contact groups that are on record as opposing discrimination on the basis of 
sexual orientation — the Advisory Council for the Status of Women, the United 
Church of Canada, The Globe and Mail, the CBC, the Canadian Labour Congress, 
The Toronto Star, the Canadian Psychiatric Association, among many others — 
and ask them if they're willing to reiterate their stand. 

The new Solicitor General, Ken Keyes (MLA — Kingston & The Islands), is respon- 
sible for law enforcement. Contact him and ask what he's planning to do to make the 
police truly responsible to the communities they are supposed to "serve and protect." 

Call your local MLA and ask how he or she feels about laws that oppress gay peo- 
ple. And say hovjyou feel about them. 

Finally, contact Bob Rae, the leader of the New Democratic Party of Ontario. His 
party has a poHcy to live up to, and a lot of hedging to live down. Ask him: Will the 
NDP act? Or just talk? Andrew Leskjor the collective • 

You can write members of the Ontario legislature at Queen's Park, Toronto 0NM7A IA2. 



8 • THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 





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conference in the Fall issue. 



THE CULTURAL NEWSMAGAZINE 



5TH FLOOR 489 COLLEGE ST TORONTO. CANADA, ri6G 1A5 




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Box 55, Stn F, Toronto, ON, IVI4Y 2L4 

Phone: (416)926-1626 

This space paid Iw by a grant (ran Ihe Gay Community Appeal ol loronlo 



I 



IN THIS 
ISSUE 



Number 117 
August 1985 



30 



13 



27 



17 



33 



47 



35 
18 



The Real Dirt 

Tilling the soil and making things grow is good for the 
body and the soul. Doug Grenville on the romance of 
gardening. 

On Hold 

Andrew Lesk called up Ontario's new "open" 
government to learn what's in store for lesbians and gays, 
but no one wanted to take the call. 

Dying to Live 

Jim Black asks us to "sing no sad songs" as he shows us 
the way to die with dignity. Gerald Hannon on the life and 
the dying of a person with AIDS. 

Higli-mindedl 

More washroom arrests: the cops say it's their duty to 
spy, the media say it's their duty to publish names as 
sixteen more lives are ruined. 

Una out off the shadows 

History has often ignored thefemmes who shared their 
lives with more flamboyant butch partners. Joan Nestle 
reviews Una Troubridge: The Friend ofRadclyffe Hall. 

Beach by-law bingo 

The perils of harpoon fishing in Lake Ontario (among 
other things). The Back Page by Alan O'Connor and 
Craig Patterson 

Out ffrom behind the veil 

Sandra E Lundy reviews Lesbian Nuns: Breaking Silence 
and reflects on the lives of these hidden women 

Closing the barn door 

The Fraser Commission gives us too little, too late. The 
government that appointed them is gone 

Regular departments 

8 Editorial: A challenge to the new government 
II Letters: High marks/or the "High School Faggot" 

20 Networtt: A short list of new groups across Canada 

21 Worid Ne^s: Smashing Borders in Toronto 

38 Shared Ground: New books from Naiad, by Joy Parks 

39 The Third Text: Small presses, by David Maclean 

40 Classifieds: More hot pix and ads from all over 

The cover: Doug Grenville gets into his garden. Design by Robyn Budd. 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 9 



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Keep the story 
straight 



It has been brought to my attention (and thank- 
fully so) that I slipped up when talking to Andrew 
Lesk as he researched his article "Last call for 
Miller?" (TBP, June 1985). Mr Lesk quoted me 
correcdy as saying Susan Fish "has had a lot to 
do with establishing ACT" but I was wrong. Fish 
was not in on the beginnings of ACT (the ATOS 
Committee of Toronto) but she's been instrument- 
al in keeping it in existence. Again and again, she 
has gone to bat for ACT in its continuing appeals to 
bureaucrats and politicians, and twice, both this 
June and last, she has arranged last-minute fund- 
ing that has kept this office going. 

It's important to keep the story straight about 
the fight to combat AIDS, as complex and often- 
muddied as it gets. I apologize for misleading Mr 
Lesk. 

Phil Shaw 

Media Relations Officer 

AIDS Committee of Toronto 



Inspired... 



How refreshing it is to see a genuinely touching 
story in TBP. I'm referring to Ian Paterson's 
"Confessions of a High School Faggot" (May). 
My immediate reaction was to look for his ad- 
dress so I could send him a letter commending 
him on his courage to be gay and proud in a rela- 
tively anti-homosexual world. 

The problems encountered by Ian in Edmon- 
ton are problems that I am sure many high- 
school students encounter. What happens to our 
gay youth who do not live in a large urban centre, 
where there is relative anonymity and more gay 
social contacts? Although I was much older than 
a high-school student when I finally came out to 
friends and family, I can sympathize with the 
feelings that dominate our lives at the moment of 
truth. As a student in a small high school, I knew 
of no one (in fact, it took 10 years to find some- 
one) that I could talk to about my feelings. As a 
teacher I was definitely afraid of being approach- 
ed to answer questions about being gay, even if I 
was not the person being singled out. As most 
readers know, when your job depends on not be- 
ing gay, you generally remain in the closet. I con- 
tinue to work with children in a more specialized 
field and I am high-profile in the community, so I 
can much more easily be open about being gay. 
Yet there remains the pain and anguish of know- 
ing there are people in the community who need 
someone to help them "find themselves." 

In Yellowknife (population 11,000), the 
"known" gay population is relatively small. No 
doubt the 10 percent who are not out of the closet 
make their way to larger centres to indulge them- 
selves. However, a $420, 1,000-mile airplane 
ride to Edmonton is a luxury not everyone can af- 
ford. If one has ever lived in a small, isolated 
community, one knows there are no secrets! It is 
becoming easier for established adult men in 
town to live a relatively open lifestyle. We can 
cope with the harassment and frustration of se- 
cluded life by having a small support group. Al- 



though we are available to offer support to the 
youth of the community, the smallness of Yellow- 
knife often leaves them no recourse but to attempt 
— or succeed — at ending their frustrations. 

In our attempt to help ourselves and future gay 
men, we have established a small but concerned 
group of professionally trained people who are 
available to talk and counsel. I am hoping that 
through TBP perhaps other northerners will 
realize that they are not alone and will reach out to 
their own communities and start living a happy gay 
life. 

On a lighter note, the gay community in Yellow- 
knife is thriving. Albeit small, we are bringing a 
new meaning to "out in the cold." From all walks 
of life, we are getting ready for our three months of 
"not-winter" — barbecues, beaches and bikinis, 
not to mention all the gorgeous university students 
back for their summer jobs in construction. The 
winters are long and very cold, but there is a 
warmth which permeates our friendships and ac- 
tivities. I love reading about other small conunun- 
ities in Canada and what is happening in the gay 
scene there. I hope that other readers will begin to 
contribute more newsy articles to the paper so that 
we can see the fun side of our lives, not just the con- 
tinued harassment. 
John Hanlon 
Yellowknife, Northwest Territories 



AIDS is no jolce 

It was unclear to me whether Robin Hardy has a 
first-hand acquaintance with my play Night 
Sweat, a Romantic Comedy. Certainly his com- 
ment that the play is "a bad joke, indiscreetly 
told" {Theatre in the Plague Years, TBP July, 
1985) is an ugly insult both to me and to the many 
talented and caring people involved in the New 
York, Los Angeles and San Francisco produc- 
tions. Night Sweat is an unusual play and, I sup- 
pose, shocking to some people, but it is notm at- 
tempt to tell an AIDS joke; and if Mr Hardy has 
difficulty in seeing more than that in the play, 
perhaps he should take the trouble to look more 
closely and do some thinking about it. Whether 
or not the play succeeds (and it is succeeding in 
Los Angeles currently), it is at least an attempt to 
present issues of erotic liberation and gay identity 
in the face of the health crisis — issues which I feel 
are of crucial importance to gay men, and which, 
as far as I can see, have not yet been confronted 
by any other "AIDS play" or, indeed, anywhere 
else in our literature (though I do very much ap- 
plaud William Hoffman for afBrming gay eroti- 
cism so movingly in As Is). 

The subject of Night Sweat is the fear of death 
— that sickening, chilling fear which is now, trag- 
ically, a part of the lives of all gay men. The theme 
of the play is summarized in the Latin refrain 
chanted at the climax of the final scene, as the he- 
ro approaches his final, fatal orgasm: Timor 
moris conturbat me. Our conturbation as gay 
men threatened by death is the uneasy territory of 
the play. 

As any educated person of this century knows, 
the erotic has a strong connection to the death 
wish, and this connection runs deep in our cul- 
ture: from before the "Liebestodt" to beyond 
Love Story there are multitudes of examples 
throughout our culture of the eroticization not 
only of the death wish, but of violence. Well, gay 
identity is based in significant part (and quite 
properly) on the erotic. What does it mean to us 
as gay men, then, when a deadly, sexually trans- 
mitted disease hits our community? What impact 
does the disease have on our self-acceptance as 
gay? What roles do our old, hidden but ever- 



present enemies of guilt and self-hatred play in 
this context?— guilt, which insists that we deserve 
to die, and self-hatred, which is the desire to die? 
What sources of hope and strength are there for 
us as gay men? Night Sweat presents these prob- 
lems and attempts to answer the last question. 
It also attempts to present the connection be- 
tween gay self-hatred and the segment of gay cap- 
italism founded upon and fostering self-destruct- 
ive behavior. 

I am not saying that Night Sweat is a perfect 
play, of course; I am very aware of its weak 
points. Nor is it a play for everyone. But I do 
think the play deserves more than Mr Hardy's 
thoughtless and, most probably, ignorant dis- 
missal, and that a sympathetic analysis of the 
play would yield much which is of genuine con- 
cern to gay men. Perhaps 7"5P would be interest- 
ed in finding someone to write a thoughtful re- 
view of the San Francisco production which 
opens in a few weeks, and which will be running at 
Theatre Rhinoceros through August. 

Robert Chesley 
San Francisco 



CARBON COPY 



DearMrPenner 

The Parkdale NDP riding association in To- 
ronto has learned of Richard North's hunger 
strike from its coverage in the May issue of The 
Body Politic. This riding association is extremely 
concerned that a pledge made to the Gay people 
of Manitoba by the NDP in 1981 has not yet been 
fulfilled. The inclusion of sexual orientation as a 
prohibited form of discrimination has been rec- 
ommended for inclusion in the Manitoba Hu- 
man Rights Act by the Manitoba Human Rights 
Commission and you yourself pledged that an 
NDP government would carry out such a recom- 
mendation in the 1981 election. 

The prohibition of discrimination on the basis 
of sexual orientation is an issue that goes far be- 
yond a particular community and reaches out to 
all those concerned with human rights and liber- 
ties. Moreover, it is extremely disturbing that an 
NDP government has failed to carry out a solemn 
pledge, made before its election, in the past four 
years. There have been three NDP provincial 
governments which have failed to act on this ele- 
ment in their own platforms and this inaction 
calls into question the credibility of all NDP cam- 
paign promises. 

Ontario has recently gone through a provincial 
election and in a number of Toronto ridings, the 
Ontario Liberals were able to question success- 
fully the worth of NDP campaign promises, giv- 
ing as an example the matter of gay rights and the 
failure of successive NDP provincial governments 
to enact protective legislation. 

Serious questions in the minds of past and 
present Ontario NDP voters have been raised. Al- 
though the Ontario NDP also has included this is- 
sue among its policies, only the Parti Quebecois 
of all provincial governments has lived up to its 
pledges to the gay community — and the PQ is 
not affiliated with our movement. 

At its Executive Committee meeting of 26 May 
1985, the Parkdale NDP Riding Association 
unanimously approved an appeal to your gov- 
ernment to amend the Manitoba Human Rights 
Act to include sexual orientation as a prohibited 
form of discrimination in the most urgent man- 
ner possible and certainly before the next pro- 
vincial election. 

We do not wish to interfere in the affairs of our 
sister party in Manitoba. However, the issue of 



gay rights and the failure to amend the Manitoba 
Human Rights Act is now having an impact on 
the Ontario electorate and we hope you under- 
stand and share our concerns. I would appreciate 
a response to this appeal. 

Sincerely, 
John Stanley 
Toronto 

Dear Mr Stanley 

This will acknowledge receipt of your letter of 
May 27, 1985. 

Your letter proceeds on the premise that sexual 
orientation is not covered as a prohibited form of 
discrimination in the Manitoba Human Rights 
Act. Although it is not a specifically named 
ground of prohibited discrimination, the Mani- 
toba Human Rights Act contains prohibition 
against discrimination in general as well as specific 
terms, and it is my view that discrimination on sex- 
ual orientation is prohibited although not specifi- 
cally named . It is true that there is no judgment of a 
superior court of Manitoba one way or another. It 
is also true that it would be preferable if the specific 
ground were mentioned. The same argument 
would apply to other forms of discrimination. 

In any event, we still have under active consid- 
eration the proposal of the Human Rights Com- 
mission for a new Human Rights Code, one 
which would up-date the present Act and im- 
prove it in many ways. 

Having said that, I should point out that it still 
remains true that the Manitoba Human Rights 
Act and the Manitoba Human Rights Commis- 
sion are among the best in the country. 

I respectfully urge that this letter be brought to 
the attention of the Parkdale NDP Riding 
Association. 
Roland Penner, QC 
Attorney-General of Manitoba 

We're sorry Jane 

In our July issue, Jane Rule's article, "Fantasy," 
was mangled by the misplacement of a line of 
type in layout. The two affected paragraphs 
should have read: 

Sexual fantasy is commonly used as a safety 
valve for erotic energy. The content of sexual 
fantasy indulged in for the purpose of mastur- 
bation is astonishingly various. The scene may 
be a closet empty of everything but a pair of 
shoes, one glove or an old sock. A bowl of 
grapes, a bone, a wounded bird are as capable of 
arousing individual lust as the memory of an in- 
tensely satisfying sexual experience with another 
person or an elaborately orchestrated orgy. 

There are people for whom solitary fantasies 
are their sole sexual life. For others, those fan- 
tasies have litde relation to their sexual exper- 
iences with other people. But for many, sexual 
fantasy is based on real desire and is the rehear- 
sal for sexual activity in the real world. Iffetish- 
es are part of the fantasy, they want partners 
who understand the erotic value of fetishes. If 
there is a ritual plot, partners must learn it. 
Sexual pleasure, if not dependent on these fan- 
tasies, is heightened by them. 

Our apologies to Jane Rule and to her readers 
for this error. 



The Body Politic welcomes your tellers. Send them 
10 us al: Letters. TBP, Box 7289, Stn A, Toronto av 
M5lf 1X9. Letters selected for publication may be 
edited for length. 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • II 




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12 • THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 



BODY 



In Ontario, the homophobic Tories are out, 
the Liberals are in, but so far they're 
still in the closet on gay issues 



Ice age ends, but will the ice melt? 



Frank Miller and Ontario's Conservatives 
have been ousted from office. Do 
gay people now have reason to rejoice? 

On June 18, the Liberal and NDP opposition 
jointly carried a motion of non-confidence in the 
crumbling minority Conservative government by 
a tally of 73 to 52. The Liberals, who assumed of- 
fice June 26, now rule with 48 seats. They are sup- 
ported by the NDP's 25 members in the legisla- 
ture. The Conservatives are the official opposi- 
tion, with 52 seats. Now that the governing offici- 
als in this province are no longer right-wing, can 
gay people here expect better treatment? TBP 
spoke with members of the new legislature to find 
out where they stand and what we can expect. 

NDP policy is explicit: the Ontario Human 
Rights Code (OHRC) should be amended to pro- 
hibit discrimination on the basis of sexual orien- 
tation. Evelyn Gigantes (NDP — Ottawa 
Centre), probably the only MLA at Queen's Park 
who answers her own phone, acknowledged the 
fact that she has a large gay constituency. She 
told TBP that, although she hasn't yet had the 
opportunity to review past proposed amend- 
ments, she has "every intention of pursuing the 
matter. It is a strong interest of mine." 

Susan Fish (PC — St George) also appreciates 
her large gay following in downtown Toronto. In 
her recent election platform, she stressed the need 
for legislation to protect the rights of homosex- 
uals. "I am working with Legislative Counsel 
right now on a bill to amend the act," Fish told 
TBP. "If it is not possible to introduce it in this 
session (before the summer recess), I will most 
certainly do so in the fall." Fish pointed out that 
the change of government has left many MLAs, 
herself included, overtired and overscheduled. 

Ditto William Wrye (Lib — Windsor-Sand- 
wich), who, as minister of labour, is responsible 
for the administration of the OHRC. Wrye's exec- 
utive assistant, David Goyette, relayed the minis- 
ter's remark that "all matters of legislation are 
currently under review." Goyette acknowledged, 
however, that Liberal Party policy in the past has 
been open on sexual orientation — Liberal MLAs 
may exercise a "free conscience" in this area. 

Attorney General Ian Scott (Lib — St David), 
is responsible for the Police Complaints Board. 
Scott can also determine whether certain police 
activities, such as park and washroom busts, 
should be pursued in the courts. However, be- 
cause of a hectic schedule, Scott was not available 
for comment. Michael Chemey, an assistant to 
the minister, stated: "There is no way he (Scott) 
can speak to another person at this time, includ- 
ing his mother," and hoped that TBP would not 
"draw any wrong inferences." With regard to an 
interview, Chemey said that "you could possibly 
do it for the next issue.' ' While the minister reserves 
comment, the police continue to entrap and arrest 
men in public washrooms and parks, most notably 
in Toronto in the centrally located David Balfour 
Park and downtown Allan Gardens. 

The solicitor general's office, under minister 
Ken Keyes (Lib — Kingston & The Islands), de- 




Ontario premier David Petersen (centre): how much change? 



clined to comment on Liberal policy regarding 
police reform. Currently, Ontario's municipal 
police forces are not controlled by their local gov- 
ernments, but by provincially controlled boards. 
This poses problems with community control 
and accountability. TomZyzis, Director of Poli- 
cy with the Premier's Office, admitted that the 
police should be more representative of the com- 
munities they serve. He stated that the Liberal 
government is in favour of "an independent re- 
view process." 

Graham Murray, an NDP policy researcher, 
says that the New Democrats are in favour of 
"ftiU civilian review" of abusive policing, and are 
"pushing for elected officials to police commis- 
sions." 

Another busy person unavailable for comment 
was Monte Kwinter (Lib — Wilson Heights), 
Minister of Consumer and Commercial Rela- 
tions. Kwinter's office is responsible for the On- 
tario Film Review Board (formerly the Ontario 
Board of Film Censors) headed by Mary Brown. 
Kwinter's assistant, Susan Edwards, spoke to 
TBP on July 8 and stated that the minister 
"would abolish the current censor board and in- 
stead set up a public committee and involve com- 
munity groups to aid in the classification of each 
picture." Edwards, who professed to be harried 
because of understaffing, strongly pointed out 
that censorship is "not up to a small group of 
people." Concurrent with Edwards's remarks 
were Kwinter's interesting thoughts that came 
forth in legislative sittings on July 8, 9, and 10. 



"...we as a government are opposed to porno- 
graphy in every form," queased Kwinter. "We 
are opposed to it when it comes to the degrada- 
tion of women, the exploitation of children, and 
gratuitous violence." Then, in an apparent at- 
tempt to prove his liberalism, he vaguely offered: 
"We feel we have an obligation to make sure cre- 
ative integrity is also protected." Hmmmm. 

NDP policy, on the other hand, is very direct 
on film censorship. Kathryn McLeod, at NDP 
Research, reiterated policy adopted at the 1980 
NDP convention: "...film classification with no 
authority to cut or reject films." 



The Coalition for Gay Rights in Ontario 
(CGRO) has not made any decisions regarding its 
approach to the Liberal government, according 
to Tom Warner. "This hasn't been discussed of- 
ficially within CGRO," Warner commented, 
while also making it clear that CGRO first wishes 
to find out what the views of the new government 
are. 

It appears that, until the transition of govern- 
ment is complete, Ontario's gay men and women 
can expect no drastic changes in legislation which 
directly affects them. 

Andrew Lesk • 



We count, 
therefore you are 



The Body Politic recently received a curious tele- 
phone call from Michael Blurton of the Ontario 
Ministry of Transportation and Communica- 
tion. Blurton, a ministry analyst, wanted to 
know how many gay people there are in Ontario. 
Eariier this year the Ministry surveyed 2,000 
motorists at checkpoints throughout the prov- 
ince in an "ongoing attempt to understand the 
travelling needs of the public' ' One survey ques- 
tion queried each driver about his or her relation- 
ship to others in the car and among the possible 



answers was "spouse/living companion." When 
the result was fed into Ministry computers, it did 
not compute. Strange to say, the data would only 
make sense if it were assumed thai some drivers 
had claimed to be travelling with spouses or living 
companions of the same sex. Suddenly the light 
went on, and Blurton called TBP to get a fix on 
the number of gays and lesbians in Ontario. 

It seems that, if gays and lesbians didn't exist, 
the Government of Ontario would have to invent 
us. Gillian Rodgerson% 

THE BODY POUTIC • AUGUST 1985 • 13 



Unacceptable and absurd 

Human rights chief trashes RCMP homophobia 



The Canadian Human Rights Commission has 
recommended the abolishment of the Canadian 
Armed Forces' policy which excludes homosex- 
uals from employment, and examination of the 
policy which excludes women from combat. 

The report by the Commission was prepared 
for the special parhamentary Sub-Committee on 
Equality Rights which is studying the "grey 
areas" of Section 15 of the Canadian Charter of 
Rights and Freedoms — one of which is discrim- 
ination against gays. The Committee held public 
hearings across the country in May and June to so- 
licit public opinion. Its report — due October 15 
— will contain recommendations to Parliament. 

Gordon Fairweather — Chief Commissioner 
for the Canadian Human Rights Commission — 
appeared before the Sub-Commitee in May. He 
pointed out that "translating the principles of 
Section 1 5 into everday practice is not something 
that should be left wholly to the courts, that Parli- 
ament has a duty to anticipate and to ensure that 
law and the conduct of public business reflect the 
intent of Section 15 in the first place." 

In the report, the commission urges the Sub- 
Committee to consider the protection offered by 
Section 15 to be open-ended: "Such an interpreta 
tion would mean the Sub-Committee would give 
serious attention to the issue of systematic dis- 
crimination, discrimination which occurs when 
apparently neutral policy, procedure or practice 
is applied equally to all but has an adverse effect 
on one or more groups or classes of people far 
greater than on other groups or classes." 

The section of the report on sexual orientation 
is limited to the Canadian Armed Forces' current 
policy and the RCMP's proposed policy (See 
"Queer-free and proud of it," TBP, June 1 985) to 
exclude homosexuals from employment. From 
the report: ' 'The Canadian Human Rights Com- 
mission finds it unacceptable, and contrary to the 
very spirit of human rights legislation, that an 



ONCE UPON A TIME 



Five years ago: 

June 27-July 1, 1980: Celebration '80 in Cal- 
gary, the eighth annual conference of lesbians 
and gay men, disbands the Canadian Lesbian 
and Gay Rights Coalition. Its predecessor was 
the National Gay Rights Coalition (see below). 
Proposals are made to form a more limited group 
aimed at lobbying the federal government. 
July 5, 1980: The national convention of the Lib- 
eral Party of Canada adopts a resolution includ- 
ing sexual orientation in the Canadian Human 
Rights Act. 

July 31 , 1 980: The Toronto Board of Education 
votes to look into the establishment of a perma- 
nent liason committee between the board and the 
gay and lesbian community. 

Ten years ago: 

June 27-30, 1975: The National Gay Rights 
Conference in Ottawa — the largest and most 
geographically representative meeting of gays 
ever in Canada — sees the formation of the Na- 
tional Gay Rights Coalition. 
Jaly 4-7, 1975: A gay caucus is formed at the 
NDP national convention in Winnipeg- 

14 • THE BODY POUTIC • AUGUST 1985 




Fairweather: 'prejudice is dictating policy' 



individual should be denied employment, or be 
terminated from employment, simply for being 
what he or she is. It is for this reason that the 
Commission has recommended in every annual 
report since 1 979 that sexual orientation be made 
a ground of discrimination under the Canadian 
Human Rights Act. 

"It is absurd that a homosexual could be suc- 
cessfully employed in virtually every walk of life 
and yet be automatically excluded from service 
within the Forces and the RCMP. The policy is 
even more absurd given that homosexuals are not 
restricted from employment within Canada's 
new security service." 

Both the Forces and the RCMP justify their 
policy on the grounds that homosexuals or les- 
bians would be disruptive in close quarters and 
make heterosexuals uncomfortable. 

"Both. .. are willing to let the presumed preju- 
dices of their members, and of certain communit- 
ies which they serve, dictate policy. This is akin to 
justifying differential treatment because of custo- 
mer preference and is not acceptable." 

The Canadian Armed Forces currently ex- 
cludes women from combat positions. "For ex- 
ample, women cannot work at any position 
aboard a potentially operational ship, fly as a 
crew member of any fighter aircraft or be em- 
ployed in any position in a squadron that in times 
of armed conflict might be sent into a combat 
zone." 

The Commission finds the arguments in sup- 
port of the Forces' policy "speculative and un- 
persuasive." If the policy is to stand, the Forces 
must establish a bona fide rationale, that ration- 
ale must be based on empirical data, and the For- 
ces " has a duty to avoid any discriminatory effect 
of policy if it can reasonably do so...." 

Michael Totzke 9 



Biting the hand that leads 

BC Socreds kill rights bill, overturn Vancouver's gay rights bylaw 



VANCOUVER — The opposition human rights 
critic in the BC legislature introduced a private 
member's bill in June which would have included 
specific protection for gays and transsexuals in 
provincial human rights legislation. But the bill 
was quickly defeated by the government without 
debate. 

MLA Colin Gablemann (NDP — North Is- 
land) said the general principles of his bill — 
among them, including the category of sexual or- 
ientation — have the support of caucus. 

Coincidentally, a month eariier the governing 
Socreds reiterated their hostility to the inclusion 
of sexual orientation when they stripped the cate- 
gory from a proposed amendment to 
Vancouver's city charter. Vancouver's licensing 
bylaw allows its city council to revoke a business 
license if the business discriminates on the basis 
of race, creed or colour; council wanted to in- 
crease the categories, but any proposal to expand 
the city's powers must be ratified by the legisla- 
ture. 

Gablemann says an NDP government would 
definitely include sexual orientation in BC's hu- 
man rights statute. "In fact, it's appalling we 
didn't do it ten years ago," Gablemann told Van- 
couver's gay paper, Angles. There was agree- 
ment in caucus before the 1983 provincial elec- 
tion to include sexual orientation, MLA Emery 
Barnes (NDP - Vancouver Centre) said during the 
election campaip. 

Gablemann 's bill would provide protection 



against discrimination in housing, employment 
and services on the basis of sexual orientation 
and numerous other categories. A definition in 
the bill specifies that sexual orientation includes 
"heterosexuals, lesbians, homosexuals, bisex- 
uals and transsexuals." Transsexuals were in- 
cluded so that, if passed, courts could not inter- 
pret the legislation more narrowly to exclude 
transsexuals. 

The NDP caucus heard the general thrust of the 
bill. The inclusion of transsexuals was not raised, 
but Gablemann said he is willing to defend the in- 
clusion in his rural north Vancouver Island riding 
and in caucus. "It's not a politically popular 
move, but someone who has a transsexual life- 
style has as much rights as anyone else has, as far 
as I'm concerned," Gablemann said. 

Gablemann's bill would overturn many chan- 
ges the Social Credit government made last year 
when it passed new human rights legislation and 
made it more difficult to proceed with com- 
plaints. In addition, his bill would cover equal 
pay for work of equal value. 

Meanwhile, in a legislative committee study- 
ing Vancouver City Council's proposal in May, 
Socred MLA's argued that city legislation should 
not encompass more than BC's Human Rights 
Act does. The proposal "comes from a respected 
legislative body and what we're doing is we're 
dancing around the business of sexual orienta- 
tion," MLA Mark Rose (NDP — Coquitlam- 
Moody) said, according to minutes of the meet- 



ing. "If people are going to be discriminated 
against because of that, through no fault of their 
own, and a legislative body wishes to add this ex- 
tra protection against that particular quality in a 
person, then I don't see why the hell we're wor- 
ried about whether or not it's consistent with a 
charter or goes beyond," Rose said. "What's 
wrong with guaranteeing more rights than fewer?" 

Garde Gardom (SC — Vancouver-Point 
Grey), ex-liberal MLA turned Socred cabinet 
minister, told Rose: "You're trying to write the 
Bible on the head of a pin." MLA Lome Nicolson 
(NDP — Nelson-Creston) pointed out that the ci- 
ty's "race, creed or colour" provision had been 
included since about 1953 — long before the 
Canadian Charter of Rights, any BC human 
rights legislation or John Diefenbaker's Bill of 
Rights. "Perhaps it isn't inappropriate, based on 
where they've been before, that they seem to be 
leading rather than following," Nicolson said. 

The six Socred members of the committee, in- 
cluding four cabinet ministers, voted against in- 
cluding sexual orientation, family status (cover- 
ing tenants with children) and source of income 
(welfare recipients). Rose and Nicolson voted for 
inclusion and a third NDP member was absent. 

The Socreds approved the addition of the cate- 
gories of sex, religion, marital status, physical or 
mental disability, nationality, ancestry, place of 
origin and political beliefs. The bill was forward- 
ed to the legislature, but was not dealt with before 
summer recess. Neil Whaley% 



I N 



The gay question makes its marii 



The Equality Rights Sub-Committee seems to be getting serious about gay rights 



The special parliamentary Sub-Commit- 
tee on Equality Rights descended on To- 
ronto June 17 and 18, on the last leg of 
its original seven-city trans-Canada tour. (The 
September 5 reporting deadline has since been 
extended to October 1 5 . Additional hearings are 
scheduled for Ottawa July 15 and 16, and for the 
Maritimes sometime in September). 

Of the 36 briefs presented during the two-day 
Toronto hearings, four were specifically gay and 
lesbian. Peter Maloney, well-known gay activist 
lawyer, attacked the Criminal Code, Armed For- 
ces policies and family and income tax provisions 
in the law for their inherent discrimination 
against gays and lesbians. He cited Criminal 
Code age-of-consent provisions and criticized its 
hate literature sections for failing to cover in- 
citements against gays and lesbians. Maloney 
said it was "odious" that the Government of 
Canada, in the pise of the RCMP, should so bla- 
tantiy discriminate in not allowing known homo- 
sexuals to be part of the force. David Rayside and 
George Smith presented a brief for the Right To 
Privacy Committee. They argued that sexual ori- 
entation is implicitly a forbidden ground of dis- 
crimination under Section 15 of the Canadian 
Charter of Rights and Freedoms and should be 
accorded full legal protection under that section. 
The brief said that, despite the 1969 Criminal 
Code amendment legaiiang homosexual con- 
duct between consenting adults aged 2 1 and over, 
police forces continue to believe that homosexu- 
aUty is worthy of special prosecution and that ho- 
mosexuals constitute a criminal minority. The 
brief also dealt with discrimination in employ- 
ment and housing. 

Tom Warner of the Coahtion For Gay Rights 
in Ontario made a personal and anecdotal pre- 
sentation to the Sub-Committee, stressing the 
detrimental effects on the gay or lesbian individ- 
ual having to deal with a homophobic world. 

Doug Wilson presented a brief on behalf of 
Rites magazine. 



'^To advance 
tlie dictates of 
tlie status quo 
is to validate its 
licence to 



oppress 



ff 



Allies of the gay and lesbian cause made them- 
selves known to the Sub-Committee in many oth- 
er briefs. The City of Toronto in its submission 
indicated that sexual orientation has been a pro- 
hibited ground of discrimination in its collective 
agreements since 1973 and that the protection 
should be expanded to all jurisdictions. 

The Rt Rev Clarke MacDonald, representing 
the United Church's working unit on social issues 
and justice, demanded that sexual orientation be 
included in Section 1 5 as well as in the Canadian 
Human Rights Act. MacDonald insisted that the 



federal government press the provinces to do the 
same in their human rights codes. 

The National Action Committee on the Status 
of Women and the National Association of Wo- 
men and the Law also called for bringing sexual 
orientation under the protection of Section 15. 

One argument was repeatedly presented to the 
Sub-Committee by the gay and lesbian represen- 
tatives. Given that Section 1 5 does not enumerate 
"sexual orientation" as a prohibited discrimina- 
tion, it was forcibly argued that the structure of 
Section 15, with its inclusive rather than exhaust- 
ive list of prohibited grounds of discrimination, 
indicates that grounds other than those listed de- 
serve judicial protection. Sexual orientation is 
one such ground in that it defines a group that is 
discriminated against because of the very charac- 
teristic which identifies it. 



What also emerged was the conclusion that the 
strongest case for recognizing a right against 
discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation 
would seem to lie in a challenge to a discrimin- 
atory law or regulation as being in violation of 
Section 15. 

Some fears have been expressed that the hid- 
den purpose of the federal government in creating 
the Sub-Committee is to gather evidence that the 
majority of Canadians oppose a liberal interpre- 
tation of Section 15. Referring to this suspicion, 
Maloney told the Sub-Committee: "To advance 
the dictates of the status quo is to validate its 
Ucense to oppress.' ' But Sub-Committee member 
Svend Robinson rejected suggestions that the 
panel was seeking the formation of a majori- 
tarian consensus hostile to minority rights. 

There is some reason for restrained optimism. 



Francine Foumier, a former head of the Quebec 
Human Rights Commission who played a role in 
the addition of sexual orientation to that prov- 
ince's human rights law in 1977, has been asked 
by the Sub-Committee to submit a report on the 
advisabilty of making a similar addition to the 
Canadian Human Rights Act. And the federal 
justice department Human Rights Law Fund has 
just (July 5) awarded Maloney $5,700 to prepare 
a report outling the position of the Canadian gay 
and lesbian community on Section 1 5 and on dis- 
crimination based on sexual orientation. The 
Fund grants money to national organizations to 
enable them to make representations to parha- 
mentary hearings. As there is no national gay or- 
ganization right now, Maloney appealed to the 
Fund as an individual on behalf of the national 
community for assistance. Ric Taylor 9 



MP praised for human rights woric 

Svend Robinson: beyond the call of liberalism 



HALIFAX — Federal NDP justice critic Svend 
Robinson, MP for Bumaby, was awarded a spe- 
cial citation June 5 by the Halifax Gay Alliance 
for Equality (GAE) in an informal ceremony at 
the group's community disco. Rumours. 

Robinson was in Halifax with the Sub-Com- 
mittee on Equality Rights, which is conducting 
public hearings into issues surrounding the 
equahty rights section of the Canadian Charter of 
Rights. Although GAE had asked to address the 
Sub-Committee, the organization was not noti- 
fied of the Halifax hearing until June 2, when 
Robinson contacted thegroup, having noted that 



GAE's name was missing from the list of groups 
scheduled to appear. With his assistance, GAE 
was able to present a brief June 6. The organiza- 
tion was represented at the hearing by Chairper- 
son Lynn Murphy and community outreach 
worker Dari Wood, who spoke about gays and 
lesbians in the Armed Forces. 

As a token of the organization's gratitude for 
his intercession on its behalf and in recognition of 
his work in support of gay and lesbian rights at 
the federal level, the GAE Executive presented 
Robinson with a Lavender Diesel, a model truck 
mounted on a stand with a brass plate bearing the 



legend, "For Service Above and Beyond the Call 
of Liberalism." The award was created by the or- 
ganization in 1977 to recognize exceptional con- 
tributions to the local gay and lesbian community. 
Former GAE chairperson Robin Metcalfe pre- 
sented the award on behalf of the organization. 
When the recipient confessed that he was at a loss 
for words, an audience member helpfully sugges- 
ted that he was, perhaps, "strangely touched." 
"I think I was strangely touched on the way in 
here," cracked Robinson. 

(GANG) Robin Metcalfe • 




Metro Toronto 
funds AIDS group 

Metropolitan Toronto Council, in a strong show 
of support for the AIDS Committee of Toronto 
(ACT), granted $40,000 to maintain the efforts of 
the underfunded group at a meeting June 19. 

After two hours of debate, council voted 32-5 
to bridge a gap in the financing of the ACT office. 
ACT had applied to Metro Community Services 
for a social service grant of $277,266, but was 
turned down because ACT is seen as a health ser- 
vice. 

Council member Robert Yuill argued that ACT 
should not be funded because Council does not 
currently support other disease-related organiza- 
tions. Metro Chairman Dennis Flynn, connected 
to the gay-oppressive Progressive Conservative 
Party of Ontario, countered Yuill by coming out 
strongly for ACT funding. Phil Shaw, aCT's 
media relations officer, said: "Flynn was utteriy 
amazing. During the debate, he relinquished the 
chair to join the debate." 

Flynn argued that ACT was desperate for fun- 
ding to help stop a terminal disease. "At the end 
of the month they will be terminal if there isn't 
funding," he said. continued page 16 



THE BODY POUTIC • AUGUST 1985 • IS 




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placard, handbill, showcard. 

pos«terM»ty, n. 1. All who have proceeded from a common ancestor; 
descendants collectively. Syn.: offspring, progeny, issue. 2. A 
gallery dealing solely in the art of the poster. Daniel Stroud, 
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16 • THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 



im 



m 



a treatment program tor 
premature ejaculation 
SYSILVERBERG V.D. 



Over 3,000 copies 
sold since 1978 
through Doctors 
and Therapists 



The Sex Information and Education Councii 
of Canada newsletter says — 

"Contrary to Masters and Johnson's claim, Silverbcrg asserts 
that men can learn control on Iheir own and the exercises are 
designed to achieve that end. Suggestions for partner involve- 
ment are also included. The style is relaxed and reassuring and 
the booklet is quite easy to read. Therapists might wish lo use it 
as an adjuncl lo their own work . Indeed a wider public distribu- 
tion of the booklet might help many men avoid that trip to a 
therapist's office in the first place." 

To order send Cheque or money order for $9.95 
(includes postage and handling) to 

The Canadian Institute 
for Sex Research 

76 St. Clair Ave. W. Suite 100 Dept, B.P. 
Toronto M4V 1N2 
(416) 960-9966 



IN CANADA 



Shaw, naturally pleased by Council's deci- 
sion, says that ACT has "a strong municipally 
based ally in Metro Council." However, since the 
grant will fund the office only until September, he 
adds: "Between now and the fall, ACT will be 
lobbying hard and fast to secure provincial fun- 
ding.' ' A ndrew Lesk • 



Federal, city grants 
to AIDS Vancouver 

Vancouver City Council voted June 1 1 to grant 
AIDS Vancouver $50,000 after its Community 
Services Committee unanimously approved fun- 
ding. In a similar move, the federal government 
has also granted $150,000 toward the operation 
of the AIDS Vancouver office. 

Bob Tivey, Project Director, says the Vancou- 
ver office will now be able to employ three staff; 
aside from Tivey, two half-time personnel have 
been hired to co-ordinate Support Services and 
Information and Education. Previously, the of- 
fice was maintained soley by volunteers. 

MP Pat Carney (PC - Vancouver Centre), 
Minister of Energy, Mines and Resources, an- 
nounced the $150,000 federal grant July 2. In the 
announcement, Carney stated: "Until research 
has found a cure for this disease, it is important 
that we provide both support for people with 
AIDS and correct public information." 

Tivey, while appreciative of Carney's efforts, 
felt that Daryl Sturtevant, Health Promotion 
Acting Regional Director for Health and Welfare 
Canada, deserved mention. "Pat Carney recog- 
nized our needs," Tivey concurred, but pointed 
out that Sturtevant was instrumental in preparing 
the necessary briefs for Jake Epp, Minister of 
Health and Welfare, whose office issued the grant. 

Andrew Lesk % 



STATS 



As of July 4, the Laboratory Centre for Disease 
Control in Ottawa had recorded a total of 248 
adult cases of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syn- 
drome (AIDS) in Canada. This compares with a 
total of 230 cases this past June?, and a total of 97 
cases one year ago. 
The current total of 248 breaks down as follows: 





Total 


Gay or bisexual 






Cases 


Living 


Canada 


248 


188 


104 


ON 


102 


93 


57 


QC 


84 


39 


14 


BC 


45 


41 


25 


AB 


10 


10 


4 


NS 


5 


4 


4 


SK 


1 


1 





NF 


I 









No cases are reported in Manitoba, New 
Brunswick, Prince Edward Island or the Ter- 
ritories. The one case which had previously been 
recorded in Manitoba is no longer diagnosed as 
AIDS. 

You can get advice about AIDS by calling the 
following organizations: Halifax Metro Area 
Committee on AIDS, c/o Gayline, (902) 
423- 1 389; Montreal AIDS Resource Committee / 
association des ressources montrealaises sur le 
SIDA, (514) 933-2395; AIDS Committee of Tor- 
onto, (416) 926-1626; Edmonton AIDS Net- 
work, c/o Gay Alliance Toward Equality, (403) 
424-8361; AIDS Vancouver, (604) 867-2437. 

KenPopert% 



High-tech sex cops strike again 



Police video 
surveillance 
disrupts another 
Ontario community 



GUELPH ON — Six men have been sentenced 
after pleading guilty to charges of gross indecency 
arising from police video surveQlance of a wash- 
room in Guelph's Silvercreek Park. Twelve other 
men have been charged with gross indecency. 
One of them has also been charged with buggery, 
a charge that carries a maximum prison sentence 
of 14 yean. 

Four of those so far convicted on a charge of 
gross indecency have been sentenced to a $300 
fine and a year's probation. Tv/o others, one con- 
victed on two charges of gross indecency and the 
other on six, each received a fine of $600 and a 
year's probation. Some of the convicted were or- 
dered to stay out of public washrooms during the 
period of probation. Counsel for one of the men 
unsuccessfully sought a more lenient absolute 
discharge on the ground that his chent was a het- 
erosexual who hadn't had sex for four years be- 
cause of his wife's stroke. 

Most of the men were arrested June 14, after 
weeks of video surveillance by the Guelph muni- 
cipal police force. Police refuse to divulge what 
triggered the surveillance, but Crown Attorney 
Owen Haw told the court June 28 that, since the 
original charges were published, the police and 
the Crown attorney's office have received com- 
plaints of alleged similar activities occuring at 
other washrooms throughout the city. 

Haw, in prosecuting one case, urged the judge 
to not grant a conditional or absolute discharge 
sentence, on the grounds that the "lifestyle of 
promiscuity" indicated by the arrests can lead to 
the spread of disease among the families of the 
men involved. Most of the accused were married 
men, many with children. 

The court has heard that one of the accused 
men has received medical help and was, as of 
June 20, to be transferred to a psychiatric hospi- 
tal. One of the accused "tried to do himself 
harm" according to a June 29 story in The 
Kitchener-Waterloo Record. The story, based 
on an interview with the wife of the accused, 
claims that fear of the shame and publicity sur- 
rounding the case led the man to desperate meas- 
ures. He is now recovering in hospital. 

The charges have attracted much media atten- 
tion and raised many questions about the role of 
the media and the police in the administraUon of 
justice. 

On June 17, the Guelph Daily Mercury, a 
Thomson newspaper, unsuccessfully appealed a 
judicial publication ban instituted June 14. The 
ban prevented publication of names and details. 
Explained Managing Editor Gary Manning: 
"We think it (the publication ban) goes beyond 
what the law entails. We don't think that the law 




provides for the exclusion of names of people 
who have been charged." Manning said that the 
Mercury was fighting to uphold the right to pub- 
hsh the names, yet would not necessarily print 
them. Said Manning: "...itbecomesavery diffi- 
cult choice to make, and our decision as to wheth- 
er or not to publish the names is not carved in 
stone. We're still weighing the responsibility to 
the community good. That's what's formost in 
our mind; doing what we feel is our duty and our 
responsibility to the good of the community." 

Some local groups disagreed. Guelph Gay 
Equality (GGE) initiated a campaign to pressure 
the Mercury into not publishing the men's names. 
Debbie Juby, a volunteer spokesperson for the 
GGE said: "Publishing the names of the accused 
men is going to put their homes, their jobs, their 
families and friends in very uncomfortable posi- 
tions. In the past, there have been two suicides as 
a result of names being publicized in incidents 
such as these...." Juby volunteered to be a 
spokesperson because "I am a friend of members 
of the GGE. I am tired of the harassment of gay 
people in general in regards to their sexuality." 

A gay man added: "I think any publication of 
the names is going to be really harmful, no matter 
what the trial results are, even if they 're found not 
guilty. There are men who are given criminal dis- 
charges for these charges, which means they have 
no criminal record. Yet the sheer publication of 
their names in the newspaper will affect their lives 
in the community. And this effect will be beyond 
the legal judgments handed down. And that's 
very unfair when the media becomes another 
form of justice." 

Other organizations also opposed the publica- 
tion of the men's names. The Central Student As- 
sociation of the University of Guelph passed a 
motion June 1 9 calHng for a freeze on the printing 
of the names. The president of the Guelph and 
District Labour Council and of the Guelph New 
Democrats, Derek Fletcher, endorsed a GGE 
press release which encouraged the Mercury to 
withhold the men's names. The June 20 edition of 
the Mercury announced a names policy. After a 
week of deliberation, the Mercury had decided to 



publish the names of the accused within the con- 
text of the trial results. 

By June 2 1 the focus of the attention had begun 
shifting to the question of police actions in laying 
the charges. Demonstrations took place outside 
Guelph city hall and the Eaton Centre, where a 
group of concerned citizens, including gays, held 
a banner proclaiming "Stop policing sexuality." 



''That's very unfair 
when the media 
become another 
form of justice" 



John Clifton, a protestor and PhD student at 
the University of Guelph explained: "We are not 
condoning washroom sex. We're condemning 
the inhumane and heavy-handed tactics used to 
prevent it. Use of stickers on mirrors informing of 
video surveillance would be a better way of deal- 
ing with washroom sex. The occasional visit by a 
watchman would also serve the purpose." 

Police forces in Vancouver and San Francisco 
have attacked the problem of public sex with 
warnings, such as signs, and security guards. In 
1 978, Ontario's Niagara Regional Police observ- 
ed through an open grate 47 men using a wash- 
room for sex and issued warnings to the men con- 
cerned. Last January, they arrested 32 men who 
were videotaped in the same washroom. None of 
the men arrested this year had been caught in 
1978, claims Kevin McMahon, a St Catharines, 
Ont reporter, in the June 1985 issue of This 
Magazine. 

The Toronto-based Right To Privacy Com- 
mittee believes that washroom sex is a result of 
societal pressures on bisexual individuals. In an 
information pamphlet they claim: "Unfortun- 
ately, the stigma attached to homosexual sex is so 
powerful thai this activity has come to be organ- 
ized in a very anonymous, clandestine fashion, 



often in public parks and washrooms. The nui- 
sance this behaviour causes for some people is in 
large measure a direct result of the prohibidon of 
homosexual activity in our society . . . ." The pam- 
phlet continues: "It is somewhat ironic in the 
light of this crusade on the part of the politicians 
and the pohce that the vast majority of those ar- 
rested in these round-ups are not homosexuals. 
They are, by-in-large, heterosexual, family men 
who ft-om time to time engage in same-sex activ- 
ity. Once a man has engaged in same-sex activity, 
however, he is labelled by the authorities as a ho- 
mosexual and no amount of heterosexual activity 
can rip this label from him. The government's 
pohcing of sexual life, in this sense, is conducted 
on a very unscientific basis which means that 
these arrests are not so much an attack on the gay 
community in Southern Ontario as they are a 
violent effort to suppress homosexual activity." 

In responce to this perceived assault on sexual 
activity, Guelph Gay Equality set up a defence 
fund "to provide financial help and aid to those 
people who wish to plead not guilty, because the 
court costs could be high. This organization aims 
for a society where we can live freely and have our 
own choice of life that we wish to follow." 

The Guelph police refuse to release much in- 
formation regarding the charges. A great deal of 
information is covered under the publication 
ban, especially information dealing with die 
techniques involved in the arrests. However, 
Deputy Chief Vernon Scott was unable or unwill- 
ing to provide much information in an interview 
with this reporter, and refused to allow anything 
that he did say to go on record. All media have 
been refered to Pat Martin, the community rela- 
tions officer. 

Sgt Martin defended the operation as a duty. 
"When a criminal offence is commited, the law 
says we have to act on that. ... We use the pubUc's 
money to the best of our ability. We attempt to 
channel it in the directions that we get the best 
value for our dollar, in pohcing the city. Our 
senior officers made the decision and they, I'm 
sure, will stand by it. I certainly stand by their 
decision." 

Asked whetiier signs and warnings had been 
considered as an alternative to arresting people, 
Martin rephed: "I don't see how you can draw 
those kinds of comparisons, to be honest with 
you. Certainly, when someone commits a crime, 
we act upon it.... However the officers became 
aware of that type of incident going on, they used 
their judgment and decided that's the best way to 
act upon it, and dliat's what they've done. As a 
result, the charges have been laid." 

The impact of such arrests is underiined by 
McMahon, in his article for This Magazine. "To 
underscore the obvious, almost all of the men 1 
interviewed who had been arrested in Welland the 
previous year said that they considered suicide 
but clung to lives which had been ruined. A year 
later, many still get threats and calls in the night. 
One man is being eaten by ulcers produced by the 
stress. Several lost their families, their jobs or 
both. Most lost all their friends." 

Donations to the defence fund can be made out 
and sent to: Guelph Gay Equality, c/o Central 
Student Association, University Centre, Univer- 
sity of Guelph, Guelph, Ont NIG 2W1. 

Ian Kirkbv • 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 17 



Closing the Barn Door 



The Special Committee on Pornography 
and Prostitution, headed by Vancouver 
lawyer Paul Eraser, released its findings and rec- 
ommendations to the public April 23. The 
750-page report is the result of six months of pub- 
lic hearings in 22 Canadian cities and consulta- 
tion with a number of government bodies. The 
committee also met with Drs Edward Donner- 
stein and Neil Malamuth, whose controversial 
findings on the relations between pornography 
and violence were frequently referred to by those 
testifying, and with Professor Bernard Williams, 
who headed the Committee on Obscenity and 
Film Censorship, appointed by the Government 
of the United Kingdom in 1977. 



The most forward-looking parts of Pornography 
and Prostitution in Canada, Report of the Spe- 
cial Committee on Pornography and Prostitu- 
tion are contained in the section on prostitution. 

The package of legal reforms would amend 
nine different provisions of the Criminal Code. It 
would repeal the existing soliciting law (section 
1 95 . 1 ) and amend the disorderly conduct section 
to take into account specific (non-prostitution) 
nuisances associated with street soliciting, and 
amend the "procuring" and "living off the 
avails" provisions so that only the use of vio- 
lence, or the threat of it, is criminalized. 

The Committee would also have Parliament 
revise the bawdy house law — an 18th-century 
anachronism used periodically by local police 
forces to attempt to curtail sex in gay baths, as 
well as to prevent prostitutes from working out of 
their own residences. Only one of the several gay 
organizations that appeared before the Commit- 
tee's hearings — Montreal's Committee of Gay 
Cultural Workers Against Obscenity Laws — ad- 
vocated the approach the Committee eventually 
followed: recommending the alteration of the law 
so that it no longer affected gay men, but contin- 
ued to be available for use against prostitutes. 
Other gay organizations advocated decriminaliz- 
ing prostitution. However, the committee also 
proposed an amendment that would exempt 
hookers from charges of keeping, or being an in- 
mate of, a common bawdy house only if they are 
conducting business in residences not occupied 
by more than two prostitutes. 

Other proposed law reforms included amend- 
ments to sections of the Code primarily aimed at 
gay sex, but occasionally used against prostitu- 
tes, including buggery (section 1 55) and gross in- 
decency (section 157), which they propose would 
no longer apply to acts between any number of 
consenting persons over the age of 18. 

Social reforms proposed by the Committee in- 
clude urging all levels of government to strength- 
en their moral and financial commiUnent to the 
elimination of economic and social inequality be- 
tween men and women and of discrimination on 
the basis of sexual preference (as if many govern- 
ments in Canada in the '80s had such commit- 



18 • THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 




ments), the provision of adequate social pro- 
grammes to assist women and young people in 
need, and the disbursement of funding for groups 
involved in the care and welfare of both practising 
and former prostitutes. 



In preparing the section of its report on prostitu- 
tion, the Committee relied on the many written 
and verbal presentations, private and public, 
that it had received; investigations into attempts 
to control prostitution in other countries; and re- 
search conducted by the Badgley Committee on 
sexual offences against children, in particular that 
committee's National Population Survey of atti- 
tudes toward pronography and prostitution. The 
report cautions, "It must be stressed that social 
surveys such as this (Badgley) can give us only a 
very partial and somewhat superficial understand- 
ing of the issues with which we are concerned." 

In spite of acknowledging the limitations of 
such projects, the Eraser Committee recom- 
mends two studies of its own. The remaining 
prostitution proposals are for government-spon- 
sored research into prostitution itself, and "into 
relevant educational programmes on human sex- 
uality" for the nation's schools. But future stud- 
ies aside, the prostitution section of this report 
contains evidence of the flaws in such approaches 
to social issues. 

Even while it tries to grapple with homophobia 
in the Code's sex offences by recommending the 
redefinition of a common bawdy house so that it 
no longer means "a place resorted to for the prac- 
tice of acts of indecency ,' ' the report emerges with 
prejudices against gay baths intact — referring to 



sex in baths as "male prostitution." 

Occasionally a report such as this one stum- 
bles over some interesting information — a cop 
explaining how his force regularly intimidates 
hookers into allowing themselves to be photo- 
graphed for police files, for instance — but most- 
ly they are exercises in political expediency whose 
results depend on the agendas of their govern- 
mental sponsors rather than on whatever intelli- 
gence they collect. The Eraser Committee con- 
cluded from its international investigations and 
comparisons that "it seems that those coun- 
tries... which have ignored the importance of 
non-legal, social responses to prostitution have 
experienced less success in controlling prostitu- 
tion than those such as Sweden, Denmark and 
Holland, which have recognised the value of soci- 
al strategies in changing attitudes and responding 
to the human problems associated with prostitu- 
tion... there is no correlation between the exis- 
tence of harsh criminal law provisions and effec- 
tive control of prostitution... there is little evi- 
dence that decriminalization necessarily results 
in an increase in prostitution and related crimina- 
lity." And yet it does not recommend complete 
decriminalization of prostitution. 

The report reflects clearly how, as the Eraser 
Committee travelled back and forth across the 
country conducting its public hearings, the brave 
voices of individual or organized sex-trade work- 
ers — those people whose lives would be most di- 
rectly affected by the Committee's deliberations 
— were drowned out by the middle-class voices 
of soul-savers, street-cleaners, social workers 
and uniformed cops. Imagine the possible results 
if the federal Tories decided to formulate public 
policy on, say, the rights of lesbians and gay men, 
by such means. 



The veneer of liberal tolerance that coats the 
Eraser recommendations on prostitution is sup- 
posed to be the sugar that will help make the 
whole bitter report easier to swallow. The irony is 
that, no matter what the public told the Commit- 
tee or what the Committee in its turn tells the gov- 
ernment, the Tories (who didn't commission the 
report anyway) know what they want to do in re- 
gard to prostitution law reform, and it has noth- 
ing to do with liberal tolerance. Proposals to 
tighten up the anti-soliciting laws were an- 
nounced before the Committee even had time to 
report. 



In its search for solutions to the "problems asso- 
ciated with pornography,' ' the Eraser Committee 
began by asking witnesses to define pornography 
itself. 

Those who testified varied widely in their no- 
tions of what kind of material ought to be banned 
or controlled. The testimony from more conser- 
vative bodies such as the Roman Catholic Arch- 
diocese of Toronto and REAL Women of Canada 
suggested that any explicit material, including 
depictions of consensual sex between a married 
heterosexual couple, was potentially degrading. 
Eeminists who testified tended to define porno- 
graphy as material which depicted abuse of pow- 
er in a sexual context in such a way as to endorse 
the abuse. 

Addressing the question of whether pornogra- 
phy is harmfiil, the Committee concluded that 
there are two types of harm which can be attrib- 
uted to pornography: "the offence which it does 
to members of the public who are involuntarily 
subjected to it" and the "broader social harm (it 
does) by undermining the right to equality." 
These conclusions were the base upon which the 
Committee built its recommendations. 

Although the Committee did not define por- 
nography in any precise way, it decided that ma- 
terial which attracts the attention of the law is of 
two types. The first is "the merely sexually expli- 
cit," and contains no "appreciable amount" of 
violence or degradation. The other is material in 
which a connection is made between sex and vio- 
lence, degradation or abuse "in such a way as to 
suggest approval of that abuse." 

The first recommendation made by the Eraser 
Committee on the subject of pornography sug- 
gests that the term " obscenity ,' ' with its connota- 
tions of moral outrage and indecency, should no 
longer be used in the Criminal Code. They also 
recommend that the heading "Offences Tending 
to Corrupt Public Morals" should be removed, 
as should the section dealing with "disgusting ob- 
jects." The material previously governed by the 
sections of the Code relating to obscenity would 
then be grouped under a new section of criminal 
offences relating to "pornography," with "care 
being exercised," cautions the committee, "that 
the definition of the prohibited conduct, material 
or thing is very precise." 

These new offences are organized into a three- 
tier system, which would also be used in relation 
to offences under the sections of the Criminal 
Code which deal with using the mail, public per- 
formances, broadcast material, films and videos 
and by Canada Customs in its regulations. 

The most serious offences, under this system, 
are those involving children and cases where ac- 
tual physical harm is caused to the people depict- 
ed. A prison term of five years is the suggested 
penalty for publishing, distributing or creating 
such material. The committee assigns lesser pen- 
alties for selling or renting prohibited material, 



explaining that "it is well known that it is in the 
production and distribution of this material that 
the real profits are made." 

The second category of seriousness carries 
similar penalties, but the defence of scientific or 
educational purpose or artistic merit is available. 
Material in this category depicts adults and is 
considered "sexually violent and degrading por- 
nography," although the report cautions that the 
^ord "degrading" may be too vague and may 
make it difficult for distibutors to interpret the 
law. Pornography containing bestiality, necro- 
philia and incest is all considered degrading. 
"Sexually violent behaviour" is defined as sexu- 
al assault and "physical harm depicted for the 
apparent purpose of causing sexual gratification 
or stimulation to the viewer, including murder, 
assault or bondage of another person or persons, 
or self-infliction of physical harm." 

"We included self-inficted harm," notes the 
report, "because it is typically portrayed in a 
context which makes it appear that the actor, 
usually a woman, enjoys and deserves the pain." 

In the third tier of offences are those relating to 
material which is merely sexually exphcit, por- 
traying consenting adults over 18. Offences in 
this category relate to displaying such material in 
places where children can see it, and in places 
where the public usually has unrestricted access 
without warning signs of some kind. 

The problem of the average person's inability 
to determine what is legally obscene under the 
current law is reflected in the Committee's re- 
commendations regarding allowable defence. If 
a person can demonstrate that he or she used 
"due diligence" in attempting to ensure that no 
prohibited material was included in pornogra- 
phy that he or she sold or distributed, no convic- 
tion can be obtained. However, clearance by a 
Canada Customs officer would not be accepted 
as a defence. 

The report suggests that Customs regulations 
be brought into hne with the Criminal Code, to 
avoid situation where illegal material is allowed 
to be imported into Canada. Customs needs to 
develop a clear definition of what is prohibited 
and this definition shoud be made available to the 
pubUc, not merely circulated in internal Customs 
memos. 

The Committee suggests closer cooperation 
between Customs and the CRTC to regulate 
trans-border broadcasts of pornographic mater- 
ial, and cooperation with provincial film and 
video review boards to prevent copying of ban- 
ned films and videos before they are removed 
from the country. They recommend that those 
provinces which do not presently have such re- 
view boards should set them up. 

The Committee also recommended that Cana- 
da Post should assign "a high priority to stop- 
ping the flow of pom into Canada by mail." 

Several of the people who testified before the 
Fraser Committee advocated the appoach taken 
by Andrea Dworkin and Catherine MacKinnon 
in the by-law they drafted for the City of Minnea- 
polis. This by-law states that pornography is a 
form of discrimination based on "sex," and that 
it therefore violates women' s civil rights. It allows 
individual women who believe they have been 
harmed by pornography to sue for damages in 
civil court. Canadian supporters of this approach 
have suggested that the provincial H uman Rights 
Commissions are appropriate tribunals for com- 
plaints against pornographic material. 

The Fraser Committee felt that some porno- 
graphy could be classified as "hate literature," 



but human rights tribunals are not the right place 
for complaints to be heard. Lack of funding and 
the huge influx of pornography-related cases 
which would undoubtably occur would lessen 
their ability to deal with other equally valid com- 
plaints which do not fall under any other area of 
legal attention. 

"Human rights conraiissions should vigour- 
ously explore the apphcations of their existing 
legislation and jurisprudence on pornography 
issues, including exposure to pornography in the 
workplace, stores and other facilities. However, 
we do not recommend that a separate pornogra- 
phy-related offence be added to human rights 
codes at this time." 



Fraser and company believe that there is a grad- 
ual shift towards acceptance of sexual relations 
between children and adults. They also think that 
the law is not a particulariy effective tool to bring 
about changes in attitudes and behaviour. Nev- 
ertheless, in the third part of their report, they set 
out to defend the institution of childhood inno- 
cence by proposing criminal laws more severe 
than anywhere else in the western worid. And 
while the Committee calls for an end to discrim- 
ination based on sexual preference, their recom- 
mendations actually increase the legal sanctions 
against homosexual activity by people under 18, 
as well as banning writing which defends the 
rights of gay youths to enjoy sex. 

Children are defined by the Committee as peo- 
ple under the age of 1 8 . Previous calls for reform 
of laws pertaining to pornography and prostitu- 

How and when 

young people learn 

to engage in 

consenting sexual 

relations is never 

addressed 



tion have used 1 6 as the legal age but the Commit- 
tee says it set the higher limit to be consistent with 
the Young Offenders Act. In fact, that Act de- 
fines only persons under age 12 as children and 
considers those between 12 and 17 as young per- 
sons responsible for their actions. 

The Committee reported that most juvenile 
prostitutes are 16 or older. Their most common 
characteristic is that they are unable to live at 
home with their parents. Heavy use of drugs is 
uncommon, few are controlled by pimps, most 
have criminal records and in general they hold 
social service agencies in contempt. The average 
income on a good day was estimated to be $190. 
The Committee did not discover what happens to 
young prostitutes as they grow older, and called 
for more research. 

No evidence was found of commercial produc- 
tion of kiddie pom in Canada. What does exist is 
sexually explicit pictures of children taken by am- 
ateur photographers known to them and some- 
times circulated to others with an interest in view- 
ing such material. 

The Committee found no research on the effect 
of exposure of children to pomography. Lacking 
evidence of either danger or harmlessness, they 
decided to assume the worst, an assumption 
shared by the great majority of the population, 
according to the polling data in the report. 



UnUke the Badgley report on sex offences ag- 
ainst children, the Fraser report does not call for 
the charging of juvenile prostitutes with a crime. 
In this particular case they are unwilling to crim- 
inalize conduct by a youth which would not be 
criminal by an adult. The customers of young 
prostitutes, however, would be committing an in- 
dictable offence punishable by up to 5 years' im- 
prisonment. Anyone persuading, encouraging 
or coercing a person under 18 to engage in sex for 
money, or for some other reward or considera- 
tion, including payment in kind, or to engage in 
illicit sexual conduct, would be subject to 14 
years' imprisonment. Living with someone con- 
sidered to be a juvenile prostitute would also rate 
14 years, unless evidence could be produced 
showing that one was not being supported from 
the proceeds of prostitution. These laws would 
apply to people under the age of 18 as well as 
adults. 

The Committee recommends that buggery and 
gross indecency remain offences when a person 
under 18 is involved. Since those terms are used 
to describe homosexuality in Canadian law, gay 
youth would be considered criminals, since illicit 
sexual conduct is defined as sexual behaviour 
prohibited by the Criminal Code. 

In the recommendations concerning children 
and pomography, the production, distribution 
and possession of sexually explicit material por- 
traying persons under 18 would become criminal 
offences. The sale or rental of visual pomogra- 
phy or sex toys to persons under 18, or the dis- 
play for sale or rent of such material where it can 
be seen by persons under 18 would be illegal. An 
exception is proposed by the Committee which 
would allow young people access to sexually ex- 
plicit images of adults for scientific or education- 
al purposes. 

On June 15, 1982 in acquitting Pink Triangle 
Press of using the mails to distribute indecent, 
scurrilous and immoral material. Judge Thomas 
Mercer mled that the article "Men Loving Boys 
Loving Men" {TBP, December 1977) did not ex- 
ceed Canadian community standards of toler- 
ance, even though it advocated pedophilia. The 
Fraser Committee wants to abolish the legal test 
of community standards and rewrite the law un- 
der which this magazine was charged to ensure a 
conviction in similar cases. 

The report calls for laws which would crimin- 
alize the publication, the distribution or posses- 
sion of any written or recorded material "which 
advocates, encourages, condones or presents as 
normal the sexual abuse of children." Sexual 
abuse is defined as sexual activity directed against 
a person under 18 which is prohibited by the 
Criminal Code. 

The effect these laws would have on free 
speech, if passed, is enormous. It would become 
illegal to advocate lowering, let alone abolishing, 
the age of consent. Works of fiction, scientific 
studies, birth control and veneral disease coun- 
selling directed towards young persons would all 
be subject to proscription or censorship. Eariy in 
their remarks, the Fraser Committee acknowleg- 
ed that young people are sexual beings and 
should have access to healthy erotic literature. 
Yet the substance of the report works to deny the 
sexuality of the young and forbid the creation of 
erotica oriented towards the needs of young peo- 
ple. The Committee refused to examine the 
breakdown of the family which forces young peo- 
ple into the streets and prostitution. Instead of 
calling for laws which would allow children to di- 
vorce their abusive parents and sue for support, 
the Committee proposes lo increase the harass- 
ment of juvenile prostitutes by criminalizing their 
work and living environments. 



As with the Badgley report, Fraser and his 
committee never address the issues of how and 
when young people leam to engage in consenting 
sexual relations. And they seem determined to 
prevent everyone else from engaging in such a 
discussion. Jim Monk % 



FOR THE 



RECORD 



Calgary's only gay/lesbian magazine, JO Percent 
Review, folded in May. Editor Paul EUison, cit- 
ing production problems, said, "the staff didn't 
have the time" to meet its quarterly publishing 
date. Begun in 1984, 10 Percent Review pul out 
three issues. 

• 
Saskatoon's original gay bar has closed. The Ritz 
Hotel shut down, after being sold to the Royal 
Bank. 

Bmce Carman was one of a group of people 
who started going to the Ritz's Apollo Room in 
1971. Carman noted it was a "gmbby place." 
Over the years there were repeated attempts by 
some bar patrons to harass gay clientele. The bar 
staff always stood up for the gays. Saskatoon 
now has one gay bar open every night. The Ritz 
will be remembered as the first bar where gays 
were welcome. 

• 
Metropolitan Toronto Council voted 18-11 May 
28 to give $10,000 to the Toronto Counselhng 
Centre for Lesbians and Gays. Council member 
Robert Yuill, voting against the grant, said ho- 
mosexuals and lesbians should not get special 
treatment. 

But council member Jack Layton discounted 
the "petty and ridiculous arguments" of the 
right-wing. Layton felt the majority of Council 
"have begun to see the need for providing ser- 
vices to the gay community." 

The Counselling Centre has an all-volunteer 
staff of 65 and handles 35-50 clients a week. 

• 
Paul Head, an openly gay former Ontario Pro- 
vincial Police officer lost a seven-year bid to get 
hisjobbackMay9. 

Coming out of a Hamilton gay bar in March 
1978, he was arrested, charged with gross inde- 
cency and contributing to delinquency of a juven- 
ile. The charges were based on a 14-year-old 
boy's claim to have had sex with Head in a shop- 
ping mall washroom. 

At 2:30 am, after neariy four hours of interro- 
gation at the Burlington OPP detachment. Head 
turned in his resignation. Two days later, he tried 
to have his resignation withdrawn. 

In March 1980, a divisional court (a branch of 
the Ontario Supreme Court) ordered Head rein- 
stated. The Ontario Court of Appeal overtumed 
the mling, saying he resigned voluntarily, rather 
than under pressure. 

Last May, the Supreme Court of Canada mled 
7-0 that Paul Head was not under duress when he 
resigned from the OPP in 1978, after being charg- 
ed and arrested with gross indecency. Head, vale- 
dictorian of his police college class in 1974, was 
with the OPP four years. Neil Powers % 



THE BODY POUTIC • AUGUST I98S • 19 



O R 




Network is The Body Politicks listing of community 
groups and services of interest to iesbians and gay 
men throughout Canada, published every second 
month. In other months, to keep you up-to-date, we 
publish this digest of corrections and additions. To list 
your group, write: Network, TBP, Box 7289, StnA, 
Toronto ON M5W 1X9. 




ONTARIO 

rSLEPHONE AREA CODES VARY 

Hamilton 

HUGS. Drop-in Centre/Cof- 
feehouse, first and ihird Mon- 
day of the month. 

Toronto 

AIDS Gxnmittee of Toron- 
to. Box 55, Stn F, M4V 2L4, 
926-1626. Mon-Fri. 9am- 
5 pm. Educates public about 
the syndrome, especially 
AIDS-affected communities 
and provides support services 
to people with AIDS and 
PLS. including separate dis- 
cussion groups for people di- 
agnosed with AIDS and PLS. 




TELEPHONE AREA CODES VAR> 

Lennoxville 

La difference. Tuesday 
nights, 830 Pere-Franciscain. 

Montreal 

Antenne Rose, culture ho- 
mosexuelle, lundi I6h30, Rad- 
io Cenue-ville (102,3 MR. 
Aide aux transsexuels du 
Quebec (ATQ),CP 363. 
Succ C. H2L 4K3. 2594990 
(Marcelle). 

Association des bonnes gens 
sourds(ABGS). CP764. 
Succ R. H2J 3M4 
Association cxMnmunautaire 
homosexuelle de I'Univer- 
«tt de Montreal (ACHUM) 
.a/sFAECUM,Panlliondes 
sciences socialcs. 3200, Jean- 
Brillant, H3T IN8, 343-5988. 
Association des lesblennes 
et gais de rUniversite de 
Quebec a Montreal (ALGU- 
QAM). CP8888.SuccA. 
H3C 3P8 

Association des meres lesbi- 
enncs(CROISSANTE). CP 
222. Succ Delonmier. 
H2H 2N6. 524-1040 (Carole). 
Association homophlle de 
HontriillGay Montreal 
Association (AHMIGMA) . 
CP 1164. Succ H.H3G2N1, 
933-2395. Ser\icesetfilialcs: 
Alpha Kira (fratemite en al- 
ternative aux bars), 
MARC/ARMS, Gay Info, 
Parents et families de gai-e-s, 
Travestis a Montreal. 
Aube-^pine, librairie des 
femmes. 4050. St-Andre, 
524-9890. 

Qinlque lesbienne, centre de 
sante des femmes du quartier, 
16, est St-Joseph. H2T IG8; 
842-8903. 



Comlte des gais et lesbien- 
nes de Montmorency 
(CGLM). 475 boul de I'Aven- 
if, La^al. H7N 5H9. 
GMn'femme, loisirs. lesbien- 
nes seulement; 277-2464. 
Counselling-AOGQ, 
travailleur social au local les 
mardi, jeudi el vendredi, 
843-8671 pour rendez-vous. 
Eglise communautaire 
metropolitalne Montreal 
(MCq, CP 619, Tour de la 
Bourse, H4Z 1J8. 525-7109 
(Real .Murray, pasteur). 
En forme, association spor- 
tive.^98-9728 (Robert). 
L'envol, reunion AA pour 
femmes seulement; 454, est 
Laurier (dimanche matin, 
llh). 

Federation pour Pavance- 
ment de la condition trans- 
sexuelle (FACT), a/s Ms 
Fisher, CP 293, Cote-des- 
Neiges, H3S 2S6. 
Friends of Affirm, gais el Ics- 
biennes de I'Eglise Unie, 3521, 
University, H3A 2A9. 
933-2395 (Gay Info). 
Gai ecoute (hommes), 7 
davs/week, 7-11 pm. 
843-5652. 

Gays and Lesbians of McGIII 
(GALOM), 3480, McTavish, 
local417. H3AIX9. 
392-8912. 

Gays in General/Gai-e-s en 
general (Gi/eG). CP 2121, 
Dorval H9S 3K9. 933-2395 
(Gay Info). 

Identification, reunion AA, 
pour femmes seulement, 454, 
est Laurier (vendredi, 20h30). 
Jeuncsse Lambda Youth, 
gais, lesbiennes et bisexuel-le-s 
de 25 ans et moins, CP 272, 
Succ VMR, Ville Mont-Royal 
H3P 305. Call 933-2395 (Gay 
Info). 

La coalition (formerly 
RAGLAM), Box936, SlnH, 
H3G SM9. 

Ligue d'actlon sportive et 
culturelle (LASCAR). 
522-7098 (Yvon). 
Les archives gales du 
Quebec, CP 395, Succ Place 
du Pare, H2W 2N9, respon- 
sable: Ross Higgins. 
Les capables, groupc d'appui 
pour bisexuels: CP 966, Succ 
H. H3(i 2M9. 933-2395. 
LIgue Lambda, association 
sponive,CP 701, Succ N, 
H2X 2N2. 931-2892 ou 
274-2747 (Real). 287-2001 
(Noel). 

Matrix, emission de femmes 
anglophones, CINQ-MF 
(102,3), vendredi soir22h30 a 
23h et samedi matin de 10h30 
allh30. 

Montreal AIDS Resources 
Committee/ Association des 
ressources montrealaises 
sur le SIDA (MAROARMS), 
CP 1164. Succ H,H3G2N1. 
937-7596. 

Les sourcieres, nco- 
paganisme, CP 384, Succ La 
Cite, H2W 2N9. 
Thtitre exp^imental des 
femntcs, 5066. Clark, 
H2T 2T8. 

Rouyn 

RAHCAT, College de 
I'Abitibi-Temiscamingue, CP 
1500, JOX 5B5 

Sherbrooke 

L' Association des gais et les- 
biennes de rUnlversite de 
Sherbrooke, 2500 Universite, 
Centre socialJIK 2RI. (809) 
564-5013. 



Centre de renseignements 
et d'Interventlon en homo- 
sexualite, a/s Socio-culturel, 
475 Pare, Pavillion 3, 
JIH 5M7. 564-6340 
Elle et lul, Tuesday nights. 
Sle-Famille church. 569-0147. 




SASKATCHEWAN 

TELEPHONE AREA CODE: )06 

Regina 

Rumours, gay community 
centre. 1422 Scarth St. (306) 
522-7343. 




PUBLICATIONS 

Til EPHONEAREACODESVARV 

Action! Irregular publication 
of the Right to Privacy Com- 
mittee. 730 Bathurst St, 
Toronto ON M5S 2R4. 
Amaiones dliler, lesbien- 
nes d'aujourd'hui. radical les- 
bian quarterly, CP 1721, Succ 
Place du Pare, H2W2R7. 
Angles, Box 2259, MPO, 
Vancouver BC V5B 3W2. 
(604) 684-6869. 
The Body Politic. Box 7289, 
Stn A, Toronto ON 
M5W 1X9.(416)364-6320. 
Broadside, Box 494, Stn P. 
TorontoONM5S2TI.(4l6) 
598-3513. Monthly feminist 
newspaper with substantial 
contributions by lesbians. 
Qa s'attrapell, a lesbian 
monthly. CP 771, Succ C, 
Montreal QC H2L 4L6. 
Communique, Box 990, 
Caribou, Maine 04736, USA. 
FIreweed, Box 279, Stn B. 
TorontoONM5T2W2. (416) 
977-8681. Feminist quarterly 
of politics and the arts. 
FLAGMAG, Box 1556. Sin 
A, Fredericton NB E3B 5G2. 
The Gay Gleaner, Box 1852, 
Edmonton ABT5J2P2. 
Gay Phoenix, Box 44, Stn B, 
Hamilton ON L8L7T5, 
(416)639-6050. 
GEM Journal, Box 62, 
Brampton ON L6V 2K7. 
Gender Review, a publica- 
tion of the Foundation for the 
Advancement of Canadian 
Transsexuals (FACT), pri- 
marily of interest to male-to- 
female transsexuals. Box 291, 
Stn A, Hamilton ON 
L8N 3C8. 

GLOW Newsletter, c/o Fed- 
eration of Students, Uof 
Waterloo, Waterloo ON 
N2L3GI. 

GOinfo,GaysofOt- 
lawa/Gais de I'Oulaouais, 
Box 2919, Stn D.Ottawa ON 
KIP 5W9. 

Guelph Gay Equality 
Newsletter, Box 773, 
Guelph ON N1H6L8. 
HALO NewsletUr, 649 Col- 
borne Street, London ON 
N6A 3Z2. 



La mensuelle trelze. lesbian 
paper published five 
times/year, CP 771, Succ C, 
H2L 4L6. 

Metamorphosis, a publica- 
tion of interest to female-Io- 
male transsexuals. Box 5963, 
Stn A, Toronto ON 
M5W 1P4. 

The Open Door, rural les- 
bian newsletter. Northern Les- 
bians (Collective), RR 2, Box 
50, Usk Store, Terrace BC 
V8G 3Z9. 

Perceptions, Box 8581, 
Saskatoon SK S7K 6K7. 
Le petit Berdache, bi- 
monthly information bulletin 
ofAD(iLQ,CP36, SuccC, 
Montreal QC H2L 4J7. 
(514)843-8671. 
Rencontres Gales, Editions 
Homeureux Enr, CP 245, 
Succ N, Montreal QC 
H2X 3M4. 

Rites. Box 65, Stn F, Toronto 
ON M4Y 2U. 

Sortie, North America's ma- 
jor French-language gay pub- 
lication. CP 232, Succ C, 
Montreal OCH2L4K1. 
(514) 286-7122. Office: 
3961 rue Si-Denis. 
Target, newsletter of the 
Island Gay Community Cen- 
tre Society, Box 695, Stn E, 
Victoria BC V9W 2P9. 
Thompson Area Gay Group 
Newsletter, Box 3343, Kam- 
loops BC V2C 6B9. 
Thunder Gay, c/o Box 2155, 
Thunder Bay ON. 



ces was not as strong as it 
<ing would be in an intentional 

strangulation, 
ogg Dr. Pike pointed ou? 
t[iat 1 that some people can be 
^ a j sexually stimulated by 
g of I having pressure applied 



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ork- 
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case, are not likely to 
fight back. 

He warned however, 
that applying such 
pressure to the neck could 
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r. Pike said it is a 
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pressure to their necks. 



» ''^' homosexuality 



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20 • THE BODY POUTIC • AUGUST 1985 



T H 



WORLD 



Celebrating Our Lives 



A meeting in 
Toronto and 
several new North 
American member 
groups make the 
IGA truly interna- 
tional 



TORONTO — Delegates and observers of the 
Seventh International Gay Association con- 
ference, "Smashing Borders — Opening 
Spaces,' ' met in Toronto July 1 to 7, with much of 
the discussion focussing on right-wing attaci(s on 
gay people worldwide. 

A 14 point statement released at the end of the 
meeting by the 500 participants from 1 8 countries 
condemned such actions as the Salvation Army's 
petition against law reform in New Zealand, con- 
tinuing purges of gay people from the military in 
many countries, video surveillance of public 
washrooms in Ontario, lack of funding of AIDS 
research, and the continuing refusal of global or- 
ganizations such as the United Nations to recog- 
nize gay rights. 

In the case of New Zealand, where the gay . 
community is struggling to win support for a bill 
that would reform anti-gay laws and make gay 
people eligible to lodge complaints with the Hu- 
man Rights Commission, a national petition 





A Panel of Parliamentarians: Eveline Esthuis of the Communist Party of the 
Netherlands and Herbert Rusche of the West German Green Party addressing the audience at a 
panel of gay members of parliament hosted by Svend Robinson, NOP member of the Canadian 
Parliament for Burnaby. 



Alan Li of Gay Asians Toronto welcomed 
delegates to Toronto at the opening session of 
"Smashing Borders — Opening Spaces." 

campaign, supported by the Salvation Army, 
has collected over 100,000 signatures against the 
bill. The IGA issued a statement of condemna- 
tion of the petition, saying that it is not bona fide 
"because 1 . many people have used false names, 
2. many people have signed twice, 3. many peo- 
ple, including school children, have been pres- 
sured into siping, and 4. because of the afore- 
mentioned factors, the number of signatories 
cannot be verified." Parents in New Zealand ob- 
jected to their children being asked to sign the pe- 
tition in school and in Sunday School. 
Sylvia Borrens, of the COC (the Dutch nation- 



al gay organization), will travel to New Zealand 
as the IGA's official representative to ask the Pe- 
titions Committee and the Statutes Revision 
Committee not to receive the Salvation Army's 
petition. She will also be able to report back to the 
IGA on the situation in New Zealand and recom- 
mend futher action to member organizations in 
support of law reform. 

The law reform bill, which was presented to 
Parliament March 8 by Fran Wilde, a Labour 
MP, is being considered in committees now and 
is not expected to appear back before the House 
until September or October of this year. 

Delegates discussed, but were unable to reach 
consensus on, abolition of the age of consent for 
sexual relationships. Some feared that legal sanc- 
tions against non-consensual sex with kids in 
their own countries were not strong enough to 
prevent abuse of girls by straight men without age 
of consent laws. However, the conference did vote 
to urge governments to make the age of consent for 
gay people the same as that for heterosexuals. 

Michael Robinson of Lesbian and Gay Youth 
Toronto presented the resolutions from the 
Youth Workshop. He called on the IGA to create 
a special Youth Secretariat to deal with such is- 
sues as age of consent, heterosexualism in educa- 
tion, lack of social and other resources for gay 
and lesbian youths and the need for an interna- 
tional information network for young gay peo- 
ple. It was pointed out that gay and lesbian 
youth, along with women and representatives 
from the Third World, often have limited finan- 
cial resources. The Youth Workshop suggested 
that efforts be made by the more wealthy member 
groups to help subsidize representatives from 
youth, lesbian and Third World organizations to 
attend the conference next year. A similar resolu- 
tion was passed in 1983 at the conference in Vien- 



na, but delegates wished to re-emphasize their 
commitment to this principle. 

One of the most contentious issues to arise in 
the final plenary was a series of resolutions draft- 
ed by Third Worid delegates calling on the IGA 
to support national liberation struggles in the 
Third Worid, to oppose American intervention 
in Nicaragua and to support lesbians and gay 
men involved in those struggles. All but the first 
of these resolutions failed to achieve the necessa- 
ry 80 percent approval of delegates due to a solid 
block of European representatives who abstained 
on the grounds that the IGA had no business 
making policy on such "non-gay" issues. 

Manuel Lujan, representative of the MHOL, of 
Peru, explained the position of the Third Worid 
delegates. 

We feel that the people who are in the leader- 
ship of the IGA at present aren't supportive 
enough towards the problems of the Third 
World, h is going to take efforts on both sides 
to overcome this difference. We feel very close 
to the groups who have supported us: Men of 
All Colors Together from the USA, other Am- 
erican left-wing groups. Gay Asians Toronto, 
The Body Politic... We plan to network to- 
gether over the next year with other Latin Am- 
erican groups so that we can have a stronger 
position to present before (next year's meeting) 
in Copenhagen. 

Liberation in the Third World, especially in 
Latin America, runs parallel with other strug- 
gles— women's liberation, the struggle of un- 
ions and popular organizations for sixiai 
change.... Youcan't talk about it asan isolated 
phenomenon. Our success is tied to broader 
a-onomic, sociological and cultural changes. 
If the IGA wants to be relevant to 1 Jtin Ameri- 
ca, it must be willing to take a stand on those is- 
sues as well." 



A committment to fuller participation by rep- 
resentatives from Latin America and other parts 
of the Third World was evidenced by the Third 
World Travel Fund, set us by the organizers of the 
conference, to assist delegates from Peru and 
Brazil to attend the meeting. 
This year's IGA conference differed from previ- 
ous ones in that, for the first time, more than one 
group in the host community was involved in the 
organization of the event. 

In 1983, the Toronto Gay Community Coun- 
cil applied to host this year's conference. That 
group was suspended in April 1 984, due to lack of 
participation by member groups. Organizing re- 
sponsibihty for the conference fell to a group of 
individuals, representing many community 
groups and eventually coordinated by a steering 
committee of six. From the beginning, the group 
hoped to make the conference as much a com- 
munity festival as a political congress. 

The Canadian Gay Archives was approached 
to organize a gay history conference to run con- 
currently with the IGA meeting. Artists and per- 
formers offered to form a cultural committee to 
present videos, films and original pieces of con- 
crete and performance art. 

The organizing committee of Lesbian and Gay 
Pride Day became involved through cooperation 
on Pride Book '85, a glossy souvenir programme 
of Lesbian and Gay Pride Day, the IGA confer- 
ence agenda, and the schedule of history con- 
ference events. 

This was the second time the IGA has met in 
North America. It is constandy combatting the 
image of a Northern European organization and 
meeting on this continent should help. Several 
North American groups became new members, 
including Rites magazine, the coalition for Gay 
Rights in Ontario (CGRO), and the lesbian and 
gay archives of St John's NB. The IGA's Action 
Secretariat, responsible for coordinating politic- 
al action by member groups, is now located with 
the ADGLQ in the province of Quebec. 

Increased participation by North American, 
Latin American and Asian groups should ensure 
that the International Association of Lesbians/- 
Gay Women and Gay Men is finally truly inter- 
national. Gillian Rodgerson% 




Jean-Claude Lelist of the Gay Liberation 
Front/Cologne and Maria Pronk ofCCX' in 
the Netherlands listening to debate at one of 
the plenary sessions. 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 21 



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22 • THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 



T H 



WO R L D 



No 



• II 



ixlers Here 



Sixteen years after gay men fought back 
against a police raid at the Stonewall Tavern 
in New York City, Lesbian and Gay Pride has 
become an international event. 

Twenty-eight thousand marched in 
Washington DC, enjoying a sunny day and a 
picnic at P Street Beach. 

In New York City, Mayor Ed Koch walked 
in the parade down Fifth Avenue, afar cry 
from Toronto 'j Mayor Art Eggleton V refusal 
to endorse Lesbian and Gay I*ride Day 
because he didn V believe any kind of sexual 
orientation should be ' 'glorified. ' ' 

The party in Paris lasted for a week. Con- 
certs, a dance recital and more serious forums 
all celebrated the gay community and its 
accomplishments. 

Australians made Gay I*ride a national af- 
fair, scheduling events all over the country 
with the help of seven "Stonewall 
Collectives." 



ill 8 «■«■ "* " 





Above: Putting his feet 
where his mouth is: New York 
Mayor Ed Koch marches for gay rights. 
Beiow: Washington DC: Cel- % 
ebrating Gay Pride with a parade and picnic. 




photo: Atgis Kemejys 

Above: It didn't rain on tlieir parade: Sunny smiles and 
sunglasses at Lesbian and Gay Pride Day in New York City. 
Left: Gay Paris: A reveller at one of the week's festivities in the 
French capital. 



''Not a gay issue"? 

Boy lovers excluded from West Hollywood parade 




LOS ANGELES - The North American Man/- 
Boy Love Association (NAMBLA) is distributing 
a petition to protest its exclusion from the June 23 
Gay Pride Parade in West Hollywood. 

Parade spokesperson Tracy Jordon accused 
NAMBLA of advocating breaking the law and 
said "We don't agree with what you stand for 
and we don't think what you stand for is a gay 
and lesbian issue." Jordon also claimed that 
NAMBLA's past participation in parades had 
drawn objections from the community and caus- 
ed unfavourable publicity. 

NAMBLA member David Watson called the 
move "unjust and discriminatory political exclu- 
sion." "We are a support group for gay men and 
youth who suffer oppression because of their sex- 
ual and other relationships with one another,' ' he 
said. "We advocate changing laws, not breaking 
them." Watson pointed out that NAMBLA parti 
cipated in lesbian/gay pride parades in Boston, 
New York and San Francisco. 

The Los Angeles move to exclude NAMBLA 
echoed a decision by the New York Lesbian and 
Gay Community Center which refused 
NAMBLA's request to rent meeting space in the 
Center last spring. Center president Irving 
Cooperburg said that NAMBLA was too contro- 
versial and might jeopardize the Center's fund- 
raising efforts. That decision is being protested 
, by New York's Heritage of Pride Inc and Gay 



and Lesbian Independent Democrats. 

Moves to exclude NAMBLA from the gay 
movement come at a time of increasing police 
pressure against pedophiles. Chicago police 
made headlines with claims they have cracked a 
pedophile ring which used computer networks to 
communicate names, addresses and descriptions 
of hundreds of children ' 'considered 'vulnerable, 
available and receptive'." Jack Smith, general 
counsel for the US Federal Communications 
Commission, said the use of computers to ex- 
change information on child "victims" "ap- 
pears to be proliferating." Press coverage in the 
Chicago Sun Times seems to be designed to con- 
jure up images of a dangerous national pedophile 
conspiracy. • 

Delay tactics slow 
French law reform 

Anti-racism law goes ahead but 
homos have to wait 

PARIS — The French Senate refused June 17 to 
endorse the extension of this country's anti-rac- 
ism laws to include gay people, but the govern- 
ment-sponsored bill, which has already passed 
the National Assembly, is expected to return 
there to become law during the summer. 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 23 



T H 



WORLD 



French anti-racism laws were passed in 1972 
and 1975 and can punish discrimination by fines 
up to 30,000 francs and a two-year jail sentence. 
Extension of these laws to prohibit discrimina- 
tion on the basis of sexual orientation has been a 
demand of the gay movement since 1979 when 
the CUARH (Emergency Committee Against 
Homosexual Repression), collected more than 
1 0,000 signatures calling for the inclusion of sex- 
ual orientation. 

A new legislative package, including the 
measure to protect people on the basis of lifestyle 
(moeurs), was introduced by the Socialist gov- 
ernment on International Women's Day March 
8, and easily passed the National Assembly May 
23. Homophobia raised its head in the Senate, 
however. 

"With this amendment, nobody will have the 
right to refuse employment to cannibals," said 
Senator Louis Boyer. ' 'They want to authorize ul- 
tra-lax lifestyles even though we live in a society of 
normal people. Periiaps there are some homos in 
government, but when they try to transform socie- 
ty into a homo society, we have to draw the line." 

Although the Senate's move will delay the bill 
it will not be able to prevent its final passage, or 
the growing unity between France's vibrant anti- 
racism movement, SOS Racism, and the lesbian 
and gay community. SOS Racism has organized 
thousands of French highschool students in a na- 
tional campaign to fight racist violence which is 
directed primarily against African and Asian im- 
migrants. This year, the organization's founder 
and president, Harlem Desir, marched with 
4,000 lesbians and gay men in the annual Paris 
"Gay Pride" demonstration, June 22. 

In spite of the continual weakening of France's 
socialist government, which has been responsible 
for implementing nearly all the reforms demand- 
ed by the country 's gay movement, and the prob- 
ability of a shift to the right in the next elections, 
gay people seem optimistic about the value of the 
legal initiative. "The final adoption of this law 
will be a valuable weapon in the fight against anti- 
gay discrimination," concluded Herve Liffran in 
the Paris magazine Gai Pied. • 



Spain takes the first 
steps to reform 

Government supports European 
Council recommendation 

MADRID — The Spanish pariiament voted 
June 1 1 to support Recommendation 924 (1981) 
of the Parliamentary Assembly of the European 
Council, which asks governments of member 
states to outlaw all forms of discrimination based 
on sexual orientation. 

Spain is the first member of the European 
Community to adopt the recommendation. The 
country is in the process of reforming its Military 
Penal Code and the next step should see criminal 
code reform to remove the crime of ' ' public scan- 
dal." Other probable reforms include protecting 
people from discrimination on the basis of their 
sexual orientation and a uniform age of consent. 

The move was the result of regular contacts be- 
tween lesbian and gay organizations and the 
Spanish Socialist Party government. It is hoped 
that the formation of a new National Alliance will 
strengthen the influence of Spanish gay organiza- 
tions. • 



Telling the story in 
their own words 

Gay American Indians to 
publish anthology 

SAN FRANCISCO - Gay American Indians 
(GAI) has received a $7,500 grant from the Chi- 
cago Resource Centre to produce a book-length 
anthology documenting the past and present lives 
of gay American Indian men and women. The 
anthology will include essays, oral histories, stor- 
ies, poetry and artwork. 

"Our history project has already gathered ref- 
erences on traditional gay roles in more than 100 
different tribal societies throughout North Amer- 
ica," said Randy Bums, GAI vice-president. 
"We hope this anthology will help our families 
and communities understand us better as gay 
people." 

GAI was founded in 1975 and has more than 
700 members nationally and internationally. 

Contributions can be submitted to the GAI 
History Project, 1347 Divisadero St, N° 312, 
San Francisco, CA 94115 USA.m 

Setting a precedent 
in Belgian law 

Bathhouse keepers free after 
two months in jail 

BRUSSELS - Michel Vinceneau and Rudy 
Heanen were acquitted May 29 on charges of 
keeping a disorderly house in connection with 
raids against Belgian gay baths in March 1984. 

The two were imprisoned after the raids and 
were released only after two months of repeated 
protest from gay, civil rights and educational 
groups. Vinceneau, a law professor, took advan- 
tage of his time in prison to produce a book on 
Belgian "debauchery" laws which has recently 
been published. 

The decision sets an important precedent by 
stating that "debauche" (debauchery) is synon- 
ymous with prostitution. Previously the word 
was used to criminalize a wide range of non-con- 
formist sexual behaviour. The decision went on 
to say that:" In a pluralistic and tolerant society, 
minority sexual attitudes, as long as they are dis- 
crete and consensual, must be accepted. There 
has been a perceptible change in this regard in 
public opinion , in scientific analysis and in the at- 
titude of the public authorities which presently 
assists associations with the goal of defending the 
homosexual minority." • 

Defendants in 
suspended anima- 
tion 

Trial would decide if gay 
words are indecent 

LONDON — Committal proceedings against 
the nine people charged in connection with the 
raid on Gay's the Word bookshop in April 1984 
concluded June 28, but no verdict is expected un- 
til the end of July. Magistrate C J Bourke must 
decide whether there is enough evidence to send 
the community bookstore's eight directors and 
one staff member to trial on charges of fraudu- 
lently conspiring to evade the prohibitions on the 
import of indecent or obscene material into the 
United Kingdom. 

During the five days of testimony, customs of- 
ficers explained the criteria used to determine 



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T H 



whether books could be seized. Officer David 
Woods said that he stopped books if he thought 
there was "something wrong with them." Any 
"gay" books coming into Britain are examined 
by Customs as possibly obscene. Both a book of 
Verlaine's poetry and a alth guide dealing with 
AIDS fell under this category. 

Officer Robin Fallows revealed that Customs 
and Excise keeps a register of names and addres- 
ses of suspected importers of obscene material. It 
also lists books which have been classified as ei- 
ther "obscene" or "cleared.' ' The list is available 
only to customs officers, and importers cannot 
discover whether material that they have im- 
ported is obscene or not. 

As in Canada, it appears that many of the de- 
cisions are left to the discretion of the individual 
officer. Derek Riley testified that he associated 
the word "gay" in Gay's the Word with homo- 
sexuality and the practice of homosexuality with 
obscenity. "It is my opinion as a normal person 
that certain acts may be considered indecent.' ' In 
response to further questioning by defence coun- 
sel Geoffrey Robertson, Riley agreed that by 
"normal" he meant heterosexual. 

If sent to trial and convicted, the defendants 
could face prison terms of up to two years and 
fines of up to £1 ,000 per charge. There are over 
100 personal and joint charges. 

Donations to thefiind to defend Gay's the 
Word can besentto 66MarchmountSt, London 
WCl.% 



Native charges 
''AIDS gate'' 

Bath owners vow to clean up act 

NEW YORK - The New York Native, this 
city's largest gay publication, has launched a 
series of front page and editorial attacks on Dr 
Robert Gallo, "discoverer" of the so-called 
AIDS virus, HTLV III. 

Native publisher Charles L Ortleb charges 
that Gallo committed fraud, stealing the discov- 
ery of the AIDS virus from Dr Luc Montagnier of 
the Pasteur Institute in Paris. Ortleb claims Gallo 
classified a sample of Montagnier's LAV virus as 
part of the HTLV family which had been the focus 
of Gallo's work, so that he could claim credit for 
the discovery. Ortleb charges that this misclassi- 
fication has set back AIDS research and the devel- 
opment of a vaccine. The Native %ots on to quote 
a British scientific journal that reported there was 
growing evidence that the AIDS virus has nothing 
to do with the HTLV family. 

Ortleb is calling for a Congressional investiga- 
tion of Gallo's work. The National Cancer Insti- 
tute, which employs Gallo, called the charges 
"preposterous" and refused further comment. 

A meeting of 53 bathhouse representatives 
from across the US has unanimously agreed to 
promote "sexual responsibility" by distributing 
AIDS literature and encouraging the use of con- 
doms. Stanley Berg, managing director of the In- 
dependanl Gay Health Clubs, said that business- 
es agreed to work with local health departments 
"to the fullest possible extent." 



Bav Area RcporWr (San Irancisco). (iai Pied Htitrio 
(Paris), Cav Commumiv Sews (Hosinn), Monirose Vmir 
(Houston). Philadelphia (lav Vcm< (Philadelphia), The 
Advocate (l.os Angeles), H'a\hingl<m Blade (W,)shinglo;i. 
DC), Stephen Hum (Chicago), Kohert French (Sydney). 



WORLD 



Meanwhile, Club Bath's Chain entrepreneur 
Jack Campbell announced he is opening a new 
chain of "health conscious" gay spas. The new 
chain, which includes many affihates of the Club 
Baths Chain, will provide more athletic facilities, 
distribute AIDS information and ehminate "high 
risk ' ' areas such as pooriy lit common rooms. • 

A school of their 
own 

Harvey Milk High helps 
gay kids cope 

NEW YORK — Twenty teenagers have received 
a second chance at a high-school education 
through attending Harvey Milk High School in 
Greenwich Village. 

The school opened April 1 in the Washington 
Square Methodist Church. The New York Board 
of Education provided $50,000 through its Off- 
Site Educational Services programme to pay the 
salary and benefits of one full-time (gay male) 
teacher and portions of the salaries of the part- 
time support staff: a teacher-trainer, a career 
counsellor and an assistant principal. The rest of 
the funds, covering rent and school supphes, 
have come from the Institute for the Protection of 
Lesbian and Gay Youth GPLGY). 

The fourteen boys and six giris currently enrol- 
led at the school range in age from 13 to 19. All 
have suffered harassment in the regular school 
system because of their sexual orientation. One 
boy was assigned to the giri's gym class at his pre- 
vious school because the teacher didn't think he 
was masculine enough for the boys' programme. 

The school operated without any publicity until 
June 6, when frontpage stories in the New York 
daily papers announced its existence to the general 
public. Apparently, neither Mayor Ed Koch nor 
the superintendent of schools was aware of the 
school until the news stories appeared. The pro- 
gramme which funded Harvey Milk school also 
operates several other alternative schools for stud- 
ents, such as teenage mothers and drug abusers, 
who cannot attend regular public schools. 

Joyce Hunter, a social woricer who is the pro- 
gramme director of the IPLGY, responded to ac- 
cusations that the school is encouraging ' 'ghettoiz- 
ation' ' of gay kids by saying that ' 'This is not for all 
gay kids. This is for those kids who are not making 
it in the conventional high-school system." • 



IN MEMORY 



Controversial publisher 
dead at 53 



SAN DIEGO — David Goodstein, former law- 
yer. Wall St investor and publisher of TAf /l</vo- 
rfl/f.diedofcancer June 22 following surgery. He 
was 53. 

Goodstein bought the local Los Angeles paper 
in 1975 and turned it into a glossy national news- 
magazine. He also developed the "Advocate Ex- 
perience," a human-potential workshop model- 
led on EST. Goodstein 's regular editorial col- 
umn in The Advocate expressed his strongly held 
and often controversial views aimed at integrat- 
ing the gay community into the mainstream of 
American life. • 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 25 



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U • THE BODY POUTIC • AUGUST 1985 




mng 




'o Live 




am well. lam 

40 years old 

and I am well. 

The man across from me in this 

small, cluttered bachelor apartment 

turned 57 on June 14. He lies stretched 

out on the sofa, smoking a cigarette. 

The smoke curls in front of him, drifts 

past his sparse, colourless hair to be 

sucked out the open window into the 

noisy domain ofJarvis Street. 

His name is Jim Black, and he is dying. 

We are watching a video. On the 
screen, it is five years ago. lam wear- 
ing glasses, drinking coffee and an- 
swering questions about gay politics 
and gay life and aldermanic candidate 
George Hislop and park sex and you 
name it. The man asking those ques- 
tions is Jim Black. On screen, he is 32 
years old looking 25, fresh-faced, 
slightly nervous. His hair is almost 
shoulder-length and very blond, al- 
most white. He is well. He is oh-so- 
young and new and eager and fresh 
and earnest, and he is well. 



► 



Emotional lovers, roommates, 
friends: May 1984, three months 
before the first signs, Jim Black in a 
hug from Kevin Stacey. 

by Gerald Hannon 




On screen, on a cable show called Lifestyle 
that he produced each week with a friend and 
beamed out to the 14,000 people in Simcoe, On- 
tario, he is pressing me about an article I had 
written called "Men Loving Boys Loving Men." 
" Isn't it questionable? Isn't it wrong, all this talk 
ofsex with boys?" 

Five years later he snorts, speaks up from the so- 
fa, drowning out the rest of his question, my reply. 

"It was so hard for me to ask those questions 
without admitting I was gay. I was such a typical 
closet case. I had a low-to-nonexistent sex life. I 
was such a smalltown boy. It seems like a million 
years ago." 

His voice is slow and measured, high, lingers 
overlong on final consonants. He can sound al- 
most prissy sometimes. 

Seems Hke a million years ago. But Jim Black 
moved to Toronto just in 1983 to start life afresh. 



freed at last from the withering constraints ot life 
in the small Ontario town he was bom in and 
where he fully expected to die. Two years and may- 
be 20 sexual partners later he is a PWA, a Person 
With Aids, who feels he won't make it to Christ- 
mas, who weighs 1 19 pounds, down 66 pounds 
and losing, at one point, two pounds a week. 

TWenty sexual partners. Fewer than one a 
month. Looking at him, looking at him reaching 
gingerly over to the coffee table to stab out his cig- 
arette, turning again to the cherubic man on tele- 
vision, I can't help but think, "he doesn't deserve 
this." No one does, of course, but god, this one 
seems like such a cruel joke, like such a pointless 
goddamn kick in the teeth. Jim Black, bom 1948 
Simcoe, Ontario. Lived 35 yean in Simcoe, Onta- 
rio. Worked in a comer variety store just two min- 
utes from home. Cared for his invalid mother. Was 
thought to be the town queer butalmost never had 
sex with anyone; was, in fact, impotent from the 
age of 19 to 32. Tried suicide four times. Came 



close, but never quite got it nght. Moved to Toron- 
to, had sex 20 times, and is going to die for it. 

Five years ago. I am talking about sex in the 
park — how much I like it, how private it really is, 
and two friends who have just come into the ap- 
artment say, "hey, Jim's gonna say his park 
thing," and almost right on cue, five years ago, 
Jim Black says, "I'd probably faint if I saw some- 
one having sex in the park," and the two friends 
hoot and Jim, today, smiles mefully like some- 
one who's been ribbed on this one many times 
before and starts to tell me about the parks. 

"I discovered Allan Gardens last September. 
Late at night I'd go over there but not for sex real- 
ly. I used to go over there and sit and watch the 
people. It got to where I'd sit and talk with all 
kinds of people. Then I'd go home. But sex? 



► 



REFLECTIONS ON THE 





THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 27 



Twice, maybe, in Allan Gardens. Then I discov- 
ered Balfour Park — a hell of a lot more fun. And 
I wasn't so shy. It was in the bushes and it was 
dark and anonymous.... The funny thing is I 
don't believe in anonymous sex. I feel like such a 
hypocrite. 1 did it. But I don't believe in it. Any- 
way, it only lasted about a month." 

And you think that's what did it, don't you, 
gobbling all that come in the park, dick after dick 
and all of them anonymous just like he said? 
Tempting, isn't it? But Jim started feeling sick the 
very next month, and that's a little fast for the 
AIDS virus and anyway, he thinks he knows when 
it staned, and it wasn't your classic "sordid" en- 
counter but a nice little tryst set up through the 
classified pages of the Toronto Star. 

"He was from South Africa. We arranged to 
meet and he was waiting in the lobby for me when 
I got home from school. I was taking a federal 
tourism course in Mississauga. We had sex. We 
spent an hour and a half, two hours together." 

"You got fticked?" 

"Yeah. It was always something I said I 
wouldn't do. But I got real involved.... And it 
didn't hurt, so. ... I blew him too. He came about 
six times. And I'm a swallower...." 

Time for his joke now, the one that's appeared 
in so many interviews with Jim Black. "So you 
see," he says, "I've got a case of/oreign AIDS." 



''You've got to keep 

a sense of humour. 

If people say Vh 

you poor thing' I 

say bullshit. I can 

feel sorry for myself. 

I don't need any 

help, thank you 

very much." 



Not the greatest, maybe, but he's trying. 
"You've got to keep a sense of humour. If people 
come in the door and say, 'Oh you poor thing' I 
say bullshit. I don't need that. I can feel sorry for 
myself. I don't need any help, thank you very 
much." 

I got to see him better at it a month later in a 
hospital bed, his face partly eroded by some 
yeast-like growth, his hands so covered with it 
they were encased in loose-fitting cartoon-type 
gloves and he was kibbilzing away with a very 
young woman who was the hospital chaplain. 
She looked very new to the job. She looked as if 
she wished Mr Black could be just a teeny bit 
more serious about dying. 

I think he is though. I think dying has become 
his project, and he is planning it with a ferocity 
and intensity and skill that his meager and une- 
ventful life denied him. 

"This is my one contribution to life," he told 
me. "And I have to die to make it." 

What was there before? 

"I was lonesome," he admits bleakly. "When 



I moved here I didn't know anybody. I sat there 
and stared at the walls and did my homework and 
was just bored. I didn't have much money so I 
couldn't go out drinking. And when I did I felt 
like a kid in a candy store. All those gorgeous 
guys.... But I wasn't that sexually active. I 
wouldn't do anything unless somebody came up 
point blank and said something to me. A lot of 
people must have thought I was a snob, but it was 
plain old insecurity." 

"I guess I was partly scared of catching some 
disease. But AIDS wasn't one of them." 

Toronto, it was turning out, didn't seem that 
huge an improvement over Simcoe. Then Jim 
met Kevin Stacey. 

Kevin was 17, and, in his own words, "not ex- 
actly a street person, but...." Something clicked 
— not sexually; they both say "yuck" when the 
very notion of sex between them comes up — but 
in just about every other way this very odd couple 
worked out just fine. They became roommates 
and still are today. 

"I was getting better at going out," Jim re- 
members. "I was more confident. Though going 
out with Kevin everyone would be cruising him. I 
could have gone out stark naked and no one 
would have noticed. I hated that. Guys have 
pushed me out of the way to get to him." 

Kevin was young and handsome; Jim was not. 
And maybe there was that tension when they 
went out together and everybody looked right 
through Jim and right at Kevin, but I sense there 
was a kind of paternal pride too. And for Kevin: 
"Jim's helped me mature and grow. He's been 
my father and my best friend and my emotional 
lover. He was the security and stability I needed 
in my life...." 

And off they'd go to the Quest for a beer and a 
laugh, handsome young Kevin and acerbic, ec- 
centric Jim and they'd have a good time and turn 
just about everything into a joke, including that 
weird disease that seemed to be going round the 
States but that no one up here seemed to know ve- 
ry much about. 

Then, in August of last year, Jim got sick. He 
was sick for a whole month. He got within two 
weeks of finishing his travel course and just 



couldn't do it — he went to school every day but 
says that he doesn't remember a thing. Then one 
day he just collapsed, and was taken to Wellesley 
Hospital. 

He says the first question they asked him was, 
"Are you gay?" He said he was. They took some 
tests, and then they told him they thought it was 
either malaria or AIDS. 

Malaria? In Toronto, in 1985? But that's what 
they treated him for and it worked. It took about 
four weeks, but whatever it was, he got over it. 

Two months later, he began to feel sick again. 
"I thought it was the flu. I'm very susceptible to 
flu. So I went back to Simcoe for a week and I got 
better. Then in November I got sick again. I was 
really weak. I wasn't hungry. Funny taste in my 
mouth. After a couple of weeks of that I couldn't 
get out of bed in the morning I was so weak. My 
friend Lonny from downstairs had to come up 
and help me go to the bathroom. I had to have a 
pail beside the bed because I was throwing up... 
But I didn't go to the doctor. 1 figured I'd get over 
it. That it was the flu." 

But it wasn't, obviously, because it wasn't go- 
ing away. Jim finally went to a doctor who diag- 
nosed Hepatitis B, and then got him checked into 
Toronto Western Hospital. They did a lot of tests 
there, but released him in time to spend Christ- 
mas at home. 

When he got back to Toronto in January, 
Kevin told him that Dr Jenny Heathcote from 
Western had called and wanted to see him. 

" I went down to see her and she told me to come 
in and sit down. Then she said, it's AIDS.' I said, 
is it buy the casket and order the flowers time?' 
She said 'yes.' And that was all we said about it." 

Was she shocked by his levity? That this young 
man's very first question would be about dying? 
Was she more used to fatally ill young men who 
would deny it, rage, or clutch about wildly for 
treatments, cures, hope of any kind, hope that 
would keep them living? 




February 1985: "The only special 
strength we have is love." 




She could not know that, for Jim Black, dying 
would become his way of arcing his life, finally, 
into meaning, of clutching and shaping the life 
that for 35 years had sifted away through his fing- 
ers in the dreary round that was Simcoe, and the 
variety store, and his dying mother, and his inva- 
lid father. 



'1 knew nothing 
about AIDS before 
I got sick and I was 
angry. Nobody 
spoke out. What are 
these people feeling? 
I had a big mouth. 
If anyone could do 
it, I could." 



He had practised dying before, with the not 
quite too many pills and the amateurly slashed 
wrists. He had not got it right, and lurched each 
year into yet another year of "feeling I was a rot- 
ten human being who didn't deserve to live. I was- 
n't contributing anything... everything and every- 
body would be so much better off without me." 

He had practised dying before, but this time he 
was going to get it right. Within a week of the di- 
agnosis, he and Kevin went together to talk to 
someone at the AIDS Committee of Toronto. 

"I knew nothing about AIDS before I got 
sick," Jim says, "and I was angry. Nobody that I 
knew of who had it — except in the States and on- 
ly occasionally — spoke out. I got tired of open- 
ing newspapers and reading that this one had di- 
ed of AIDS in Ottawa and this one in Vancouver. 
No one was talking and if they were it was all stat- 
istics. Who cares? That doesn't tell me anything. 
What's it like"] What are those ptopk feeling! 
What are they going through — the emotional, 
the physical? 

"So I decided — I had a big mouth, and if any- 
one could do it, I could." 
• 
I began this article by saying I was well. I do not 
want to die, and in my seamless good health I can 
almost despise the ill. I did not feel charity or pity 
when I first saw Jim in his hospital bed — I felt 
disgust. Death seemed to be inside him clawing its 
way out and the not very pretty marks of that 
struggle were everywhere on his thin and wasted 
frame. I felt he had no right to be unwell, to be 
such an affront to a bright spring afternoon. 

I felt difterently when I left his room, though I 
was not there for very long. We didn't speak 
much — he spent most of the time chatting and 
kibbitzing with another friend and the young hos- 
pital chaplain. The physical ravages do finally 
fade behind the ceaseless good humour and the 
steely resolve to take his death as an accepted and 
inevitable part of his life, more fully his than any- 



pholo: David Rasmus 



28 • THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 






thing else had been, as much deserving of that 
bright spring afternoon as the chaplain's starch- 
ed white smock or his friend's hearty laughter. 
When Jim Black went to the AIDS Committee 
of Toronto, he went hoping that he could put a 
human face on AIDS, that by standing up and ac- 
knowledging that he had the disease he could help 
defuse some of its mystery and terror. He has 
done that, but he has also done more — he is 
helping to put a human face on dying for the ma- 
ny of us who find death is worse than terrifying — 
it is an embarrassment. No one we know would 
do anything like that. Increasingly, those we 
know and love are doing exactly that and we have 




nowhere to look but to each other for guidance 
from that shabby and inhuman embarrassment 
that stills our hearts. We could do worse than be- 
gin by looking to Jim Black. 

I do not want to leave the impression that he is 
heroic and alone. Dying of a rare and frightening 
disease tells you who your friends and family 
really are. "Some of my friends disappeared," 
Jim says. "As far as they're concerned, I'm dead 
already." Some relatives who never meant much 
anyway have dropped him. But Kevin's first re- 
sponse — "How could you do this to me?" — as 
youthfully self-centred as it was, told Jim his 
death would take something valuable away from 
Kevin. He and other friends are with Jim when 
they can be, call in when they can't, visit him in 
the hospital when he is there. 

The AIDS Committee of Toronto has earned 
his high marks for their quiet competence, their 
support, encouragement, their ability to provide 



him with the media platform to say his simple 
message over and over again. 

"I'm not ashamed. I'm sure as hell not 
ashamed." 

"Be cautious, but don't live in fear. Fear can 
do what the religious groups haven't been able to 
do to us." 

"You can't catch it from sitting and talking to 
me. Unless we have sex, or I give you a blood trans- 
fusion while we talk, you're not going to get it." 

"Don't turn away from your friends. And 
don't latch on to them and suffocate them." 

"Don't give up. Hope is important. If nothing 
else, I want to leave hope." 

Something of Jim Black's gay life began by 
talking to me on a small-time cable television 
show for some few hundred people who might 
have been watching in a backwater provincial 
town. The final testament of his short gay life is 
No Sad Songs, a new film by Nick Sheehan, to 
premiere at Toronto's Festival of Festivals this 
fall. The title is taken from what Jim has chosen 



pMolo: David Rasmus 



for his epitaph — "Sing no sad songs for me, for I 
have found myself." 

Jim Black is saying what every gay person who 
has ever stepped out of a closet has said — "you 
can't shape my life anymore. I am going to seize it 
and shape it myself." Jim Black's life and his 
death are one and the same now, and he is seizing 
and shaping them both. 

No sad songs. Not when he built in Toronto 
what had always eluded him in Simcoe — a net- 
work of friends, people who are helping him seize 
and shape his life and death, people like his 
roommate Kevin, who looked at Jim awkwardly 
and said, "I'm not very philosophical." and then 
looked at me and said, "The only special 
strength we have is love." 

Amcn.# 

As of publication. Jim Black is alive and living with his 
friends and AIDS in Toronto. 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 29 



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gardeners find that 

nurturing perennials and 

cruising slugs can satisfy 

the sense, soothe the soul 

and help them find new 

friends 



by Doug Grenville 



Right from the day my first gritty little pop- 
py seeds revealed themselves to be tall ele- 
gant plants with oriental red petals more delicate 
than silk, I have been hooked on gardening. It 
was my eighth year. A neighbour had given me 
the tiny seeds. As the poppies burst through the 
soil they provoked questions of life I had not pre- 
viously formulated. Each year I collected seeds 
from the best flowers, only to be more intrigued 
by the influence my selection had upon them. 

Since then I have begun wonderful friendships 
through a common interest in gardening and 
have shared my hoe with a handsome young lov- 
er. My very first love began in a grand estate gar- 
den. It remains with me now, especially so be- 
cause he has died, as a moment in the moonlight 
in the white garden, where the flowers collected 
the light and the scent of roses embraced us dur- 
ing our first kiss. This, of course, led to further 
gropings in the summer house, hidden from 
neighbours by the grape vines. 

Gardens satisfy more than our senses; they 
soothe the human soul. For those who know and 
love plants, gardening is a way of life. Both gar- 
dens and individual plants can have exotic and 
interesting histories (I have a friend who claims 
that his English ivy was stolen from the walls of 
Westminster Abbey). Some of my favourite gar- 
deners consider gardening a dynamic art form. 
To me gardening is mostly an assurance that life is 
renewed. 



30 • THE BODY POUTIC • AUGUST 1985 



This year I attended the annual plant swap 
held by members of Toronto's Out and Out 
Club. Emotions ran high at the start of the event. 
A few sought-after specimens had caught the eyes 
of some of the more avid gardeners. Several were 
making moves toward the plants when the organ- 
izer, Tony Whittingham, brought order to the 
meeting — a few eager hands were slapped in the 
process. After much confusion, general agree- 
ment was reached that the prized plants would be 
auctioned and the less popular specimens would 
be sold at a fixed price. 

Acting as auctioneer, Tony tried his best to 
please all — at times taking his spade to the 
clumps of perennials to share among the top bid- 
ders. The seriousness that marked the beginning 
of the meeting soon dissipated (with some help 
from the wine) into a very entertaining afternoon. 
I became quite undecided about my desires; was it 
the gardens I enjoyed the most, or the gardeners? 

A later field trip by the group to the Royal Bot- 
anical Gardens in Hamilton (we all aspire to the 
RBG) was marked not so much by the numbers 
that came, but by the spirit of those who did. The 
Gardens presented exceptional blooms this year, 
with the perennials attracting us most. In one plot 
the yellows of hybrid primrose contrasted with 
the silver leaves of yarrow and purple blooms of 
veronica. The spikes of loosestrife were alive with 
bees, oblivious to the admiring gardeners. All the 
senses were stimulated by the colours, textures, 
smells, and the sounds of the insects. Activities of 
the day included an olfactory judging of the mag- 
nificent iris garden. (Conclusions of this explora- 



tion were that the pastel blue and mauve iris pos- 
sessed a high quality perfume, whereas the purple 
to almost black flowers, although fabulous in co- 
lour, were best avoided by the nose.) 

Peonies were simply enjoyed for their outrage- 
ous displays of colour, spreading across the 
lawns like petticoats. Their subtle sweet scent 
drew many of us to bury our faces in their gigantic 
blooms. The fine day had also attracted many 
other visitors to the RBG. The vast majority pre- 
ferring the not-so-subtle display of iris and peo- 
nies. The inevitable brides showed a definite pref- 
erence for the rose garden, but the group decided- 
ly preferred the perennial display with its all-blue 
garden, its garden entirely composed of grasses 
and the other mass groupings of hybrid perenni- 
als. The peonies had provoked our playfulness; 
the perennial garden elicited a serious, almost 
solemn, respect. Here the group lingered, sup- 
pressing emotions of jealousy (and the desire to 
steal cuttings). We all knew our own gardens, de- 
spite our love for them, would pale against the 
splendour around us. 

After the tour of the Royal, I still remain unde- 
cided; do I enjoy the gardens or their gardeners 
the most? Perhaps I have yet to find the right gar- 
dener? In the meantime, I shall continue to enjoy 
both. 



► 





JIM AND PAUL: HYPNOTIC 

HORTICULTURE 

hen Jim Dougan and Paul Sheppard bought theirfirst home, itwastheirgarden 
they most had in mind. They had been gardening for 1 years, but in a rented 
city plot. In their apartment they had satisfied their urge to grown with an ex- 
tensive collection oftropical plants. Now, with just overtwo years of invested 
time and energy, they are glad of their decision to become homeowners. 
The home, a former reaory for the Anglican Church, had some interesting 
plantings beforejim and Paul arrived. However.asPaulsays, "Theoldguywas 
quite a gardener, but had left it unattended in his lateryears.' ' The rejuvenation has includ- 
ed making raised beds for their vegetable garden, transplanting shrubbe^, the introduc- 
tion of spring bulbs and the cuttingdown of the old cherry tree. That was a somewhat con- 
tentious issue in the neighbourtiood, as it has been a tradition to allow the local children to 
pick the sweet cherries. "It had to go," said Jim, who was more concerned that his 
vegetable garden receive proper sunlightand moisture. He still hastobattle the poisonous 
effects that a neighbour's black walnut has on his soil (hence the raised beds for the 
vegetable garden). 

The winter months are spent on projects inside their home, as well as, careful planning 
for next year's garden. February blues are further overcome by starting up a heated cold 
frame. They sow many vegetables and salad greens very early in the season using the heated 
frame. Paul says that they have now succeeded in extending their outdoorgardeningfrom 
March to November. The early surt that they have is very evident in their garden. 

Winter also allows for time to be spent with the local gay organization . Both Paul and Jim 
have been aaive members of the Guelph Gay Equality for more than 12 years. 

This year's garden favourite for Paul are the calla lilies. They are planted at the base of a 
large wooden barrel that collects the rainfall from their roof. The overflow keeps the lilies 
moist, necessary forthe exotic flower. Jim's preference is forthe native plants he has estab- 
lished in the garden. Twisted-sulk, ostrich ferns, bloodroot, trilliums, hepaticaand Solo- 
mon's-seal all combine tomakealushspringand early summerdisplay of ourfinest natives. 
Keepinga perennial garden in constant Woomfrom early springto latefall is Paul'sgreat- 
est ambition. He maintains a diary of bloom times and of changes he wants to make for next 
year. A sampleentry shows that there were not enough yellow crocuses in the back garden 
this year. A comment exclaims, "Oh, where does one put a bleeding heart in the 1 980s! ' ' 
This year Jim and Paul were rewarded for their efforts. Their home restoration and gar- 
den plantings won them the prestigious Heritage Award, presented by the Guelph City 
Council forcontribution to the improvement of the puWicdomain.JimandPaul'smeticu- 
lous restoration of their front porch was the main reason for winning theaward. The porch 
is striking in appearance, though very unusual in its design; Paul says " It has been described 
as a Moorish Gothic and Greek revival , with Canadian accents.' ' Paul had carefully replaced 
58of the front railing'sspokes.Theirgardening efforts were alsonotedin the award'sdedi- 
cation, which sutes, "The initiative and dedication manifested in the renewed porch are 
also apparent in the plantings which further enhance the property." 

Jim and Paul feel that nrwre people should get into gardening. They believe strongly that 
thereistherapy in thehypnotic relaxation of weeding, pruningandhoeing. Gardening pro- 
vides tremendous release from tensions, say Jim, who suggests herb gardens for balconies 

— just a few things for a salad or to spice up a sandwich. 
As gardeners, Jimand Paul have developed astrongdislikefortwo neighbourhood pests 

— ats and slugs. They are at a loss for controlling the felines, but the slugs are hand picked 
and drowned whenever they are spotted. This seems to be the best method, and dewy 
evenings are the prime time to spot them. When others are out strolling through theeven- 
ing in Guelph's parks, Jim and Paul, armed with flashlights, are cruising slugs in their own 
back yard. • 



MARY ANN AND JUNE: 

GEHINGBACKTO 

LIFE'S 'FIRST PRINCIPLES' 

Hary Ann Robinson andjune Brett have been gardeningontheirpresentproper- 
ty in Guelph, Ontario for three years. Their enthusiasm for their planting is 
quite infeaious, and as enjoyable as the garden itself. I was first met at their 
home by their rose and herb garden, the sweet rose scent mixed with spices 
and savouries enveloping me in the moist eveing air. A brilliant, emerald green 
hedge of parsley surrounded this unusual mixture of plants. 
To both Mary Ann andjune, gardening offers an opportunity toukepartinthe 
cycle of life. They feel that growing plants ties them into the next season. Mary Ann says 
that it fulfills a basic need , what she calls one of life's "first principles.' ' Gardening for her 
elicits the same response teachers feel when, arms full of coloured construaion paper, 
they say, "Okay children, lets make something." 

Both June and Mary Ann agree that gardening can also tie you into other people. They 
have perennials that were given to them by people who have remained in memory with 
them through each year's bloom. Sharinggardening ideas and discussinggardening trends 
brings them closerto other people. Theirgarden party thisyear was timed tocoincide with 
theiririsbloom. Both are also membersoftheGuelph Horticultural Society, and enjoy the 
contacts with people that they would otherwise not meet. 

June and Mary Ann'sgarden, besides being a colourful and peaceful environmenttoex- 
plore, reflects the personality of its caretakers. They have combined plants, shrubs, herbs 
and vegetables in a mannerthis is unique to them. Their main interest is in a wide variety of 
perennials; this calls for close inspeaion to notice the more rare species. It's definitely a 
garden for gardeners. Their camomile lawn, which they said was very labour-intensive in 
the beginning, is a newaddition . This year's plansalso included the introduction of another 
rose garden. Mary Ann plans to exhibit roses in the future and June is studying flower ar- 
ranging in order to further enjoy their harvest of flowers. 

I was most fascinated by their " potato tire" — potato plants growing inside old artires. 
As the plants grow upwards a new tire is added to the pile and filled with soil . The potatoes 
can easily be gathered in the fall by taking down the tires. 

Mary Ann and June's winter months are spent pouring over seed catalogues from as far 
away as Great Britain. Winter represents a trying time, especially for Mary Ann, who 
begins pacing past the windows as the season drags on through March. The garden, how- 
ever, begins early in covered "cold frames" where perennials are started from seed. It is 
Mary Ann who is out first with hat, gloves and trowel , working with the soil , turning the 
compost and taking in the sun and fresh air. For her and June, this is all part of life's "first 
principles." • 





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A biography of the lover ofRadclyffe Hall proves the need to rediscoverfemme courage 

U na out of the shadows 



Una TYoubridge: ne Friend ofRadclyffe Hall, 

by Richard Ormrod. Jonathan Cape (Academ- 
ic Press in Canada), 1984. $32.50 CN. 

Joan Nestle • 

// was after the sucess of Adam 's Breed that 
John Radclyffe Hall came to me one day with 
an unusual gravity and asked for my decisi- 
on in a serious matter: she had long wanted 
to write a book on sexual inversion. ...It was 
her absolute conviction that such a book 
could only be written by a sexual invert who 
alone could be qualified by personal know- 
ledge and experience to speak on behalf of a 
misunderstood and misjudged minority. 

It was with this conviction that she came to 
me, telling me that in her view the time was 
ripe, and that although the publication of 
such a book might mean the shipwreck of her 
career, she was fully prepared to make any 
sacrifice except the sacrifice of my peace of 
mind. 

She pointed out that in view of our union 
and of all the years that we had shared a 
home, what affected her must also affect me 
and that I would be included in any condem- 
nation. Therefore she placed the decision in 
my hands and would write or refrain as I 
should decide. 

I am glad to remember that my reply was 
made without so much as an instant's hesita- 
tion: I told her to write what was in her heart, 
that so far as any effect upon me was con- 
cerned, I was sick to death of ambiguities 
and only wished to be known for what I was 
and to dwell with her in the palace of truth. 
— Una Troubridge, in The Life and Death 
of Raddle Hall, 1945 

Femmes, the women who were the wives, 
the devoted companions, of the "mascu- 
line" Lesbian, are deserving of their own history. 
Who were these women who risked social ridicule 
and ostracism because of their love choices? 
Where did their strength come from, their ability 
to keep their personal style and yet hve as 
shadows in the much-studied world of the invert? 
Because they appear as women they are often 
doubly trivialized, labeled by the early sexolo- 
gists and the later psychologists as the inauthentic 
invert and the duped child. Never considered 
queer enough because their self-presentation 
seemed to maintain a gender identity recopiza- 
ble to the outsider, and never taken seriously 
enough for the depth of their sexual choice be- 
cause women were not supposed to know them- 
selves that way, these women went on wanting 
their Johnnies and their Mikes and their Tonies. I 
have always believed that a full study of Lesbian 
history will reward us with images of sexual resis- 
tance that will change the face of gender history, 
and therefore of women's history . The femme is a 
crucial character in this study because she is the 
bridge between what was once considered the 
biologically abnormal woman — the masculine 
Lesbian — and the confining world of the con- 
trolled woman — the women in skirts. Through a 
turn of her head, a passion accepted, she quietly 
explodes the legacy of victimization. 

Chronicling such a femme's story is the only 
virtue of Richard Ormrod's book. He is, he tells 
us, the first person to think that the lover of the 




A passion accepted: Una Troubridge with Radclyffe Hall, 1933 



author of TTie Well of Loneliness was important 
enough to deserve herown full-length biography. 

Bom Margot Elena Gertrude Taylor on 
March 8, 1887 to an upper-middle-class family, 
with an Irish mother who doted on the Pre-Raph- 
aelites and a sunken English squire of a father 
who had both a social conscience and a lust for 
life, Una is caught for the first 28 years of her hfe 
between her individuality and the traditional de- 
mands made on a single woman. She early shows 
a talent for sculpting and enters the Royal College 
of Art at 13, an unusually early age. Soon she is 
experimenting with self-presentation — first 
donning tailored suffragette clothes, then playing 
with flounces and frills and finally settling for 
outdoor dress that consisted of a highwayman's 
coat, a three-cornered hat and a gold lorgnette. 
In 1907 her father dies, taking with him all the 
family's financial security, and Una finds she 
must support herself. At first she hopes that her 
art career might bring in sufficient funds but this 
proves not to be the case, and she marries Ernest 
Troubridge, 20 years her senior, with three 
teenage children and a promising career in the 
Royal Navy. 

For several years she tries to be a dutiful wife 
and social hostess, but frequent bouts of unex- 
plained illness send her to a hypnotherapist. Her 



diaries suggest that together they discover the 
true cause of her unhappiness: her unexplored 
love of women. During these years a child is 
bom; known as the "The Cub," she is later to be 
in some ways sacrificed to Una's complete devo- 
tion to John. 

On August 1, 1915, with a four-and-a-half- 
year-old daughter and a 52-year-old husband 
many miles away, Una attends a dinner party at a 
cousin's house and there meets Margurite Anto- 
nia Radclyffe Hall. All indecision flees. "She 
knew what she wanted," Ormrod writes; hus- 
band, child and family standing were not to be 
obstacles in the fulfillment of her choice, and on 
November 19, 1915, he tells us, Una gave herself 
joyfiilly and completely to her lover. "From that 
time onward, she began to redefine herself as an 
invert, closing the door forever on her previous 
bisexuality." 

John, however, was not a free woman; she was 
still the lover of socialite Mabel Veronica Batten, 
to whom Hall dedicated several of her novels. 
Until Batten's death in 1916, Hall and Trou- 
bridge had to find ways to make their love possi- 
ble. The courtliness of Hall in trying to preserve 
the dignity of her dying lover, and the fierce pas- 
sion of Troubridge in trying to secure her new life, 
make up one of the many recognizable Lesbian 
rites of passage that the biography contains. 
(Una herself is to experience a similar displace- 



ment many years later when a nurse, called in to 
care for the ailing Hall, becomes the last passion 
of RadclyfTe's life. Rather than choosing to end 
their union, Una agreed to open the relationship 
up to her final rival, even agreeing to help care for 
her after John's death.) 

After Mabel Batten's death, both Una and 
John become involved in the Society for Psychi- 
cal Research, attempting to make contact with 
Batten's forgiving spirit. Charges of immorality 
are brought against Hall by certain offended 
members of the Society, and Una begins her life- 
long journey as Hall's comrade, secretary, de- 
fender, comforter and literary agent. It is she who 
will name all of Hall's books and make all 
arrangements for the protection of her literary 
future. 

• 
The most important contribution Ormrod makes 
to Lesbian history is his use of Una's unpublished 
diaries and essays. Read this book for the clues it 
gives to other Lesbian lives of the time, for the 
ftiller portrait we get of this couple's later years 
together, for the depiction of how they faced ill- 
ness and for the sense of how Una, like Ahce B 
Toklas, struggled to stay on alone for her surviv- 
ing years without John. The photographs are 
also a valuable addition to our legacy of Lesbian 
images. Una, standing firm on her sandalled feet, 
short white hair capping her head, hands on hips, 
shirted and in canvas pants, shows a crusty 
strength that denies the more simphstic presenta- 
tion of her in the text. 

In the first ten pages of the book, Ormrod uses 
approximately 15 exclamation marks; thus the 
unimportant becomes exalted and the truly un- 
usual is lost. This over-zealous use of punctua- 
tion is symptomatic of the book's larger problem: 
a powerful story never gets told because the auth- 
or cannot really do anything profound with the 
material in front of him. He is choked by half-di- 
gested theories of what makes an invert. For in- 
stance, when describing Una's childhood rela- 
tionship with her father, he writes, "this abnor- 
mally close and exclusive attachment to her fath- 
er, from her earhest years, was to cause problems 
later in her life and may well have remained an 
unresolved 'Electra Complex.'" In another 
place he refers to Una as a "basically hysterical 
personality type." None of these labels, nor his 
decision that Radclyffe Hall was really a preoper- 
ative transsexual (a result of his misreading of a 
butch woman's life), go anywhere near what 
these lives could tell us. 

Perhaps we should be grateful that Ormrod 
does not hinder his presentation of facts with any 
deeper interpretation, because when he does 
pause to reflect, this is what he says: 

The dynamics of their relationship are worth 
exploring, it was ostensibly "homosexual'" 
but this needs some clarification. "Homo" 
means "the same as", and /n a true lesbian re- 
lationship both partners perceive them- 
selves and each other as female, in what is a 
mirror-image situation, without roles. 
(emphasis mine) 

Una, he goes on to tell us, was the eternal femi- 
nine. But a passage from Una's early diary sug- 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 33 




Una alone in Italy: a crusty strength that 
denies easy labels and half-digested theories 

gests that her sexual journey was a little more 
complicated. She tells us of an early infatuation 
with a girl actress at her school. Una lost her heart 
to 

a spiendaciously (sic) ample and properly up- 
holstered Principal boy whose sex was never 
for a moment ambiguous. She was not chosen 
for any boyish characteristics but because she 
was a buxom lass with large shapely thighs, 
well-developed hips with a handsome roving 
eye, a flashing smile and a rich contralto voice. 
I sat in silent worship before the well-filled 
silken tights. . . the debonair gait, the clustering 
curls of this peerless wonder. 

Here we have an insight into the beginnings of 
one femme's sexual desire — and the passage cer- 
tainly does not denote passivity. Throughout his 
biography, Ormrod shows little knowledge of 
Lesbian history and the long tradition of butch/ 
femme couples that is central to it. Instead he 
mixes current Lesbian-feminist rhetoric in with 
outdated psychosexual terminology to come up 
with an arrogant and ahistorical definition of 
what a true Lesbian relationship is. 

Ormrod's work was published in 1984. He 
could have had access to the work of Lesbian his- 
torians and writers who have explored butch/ 
femme culture. That he chose not to is a challenge 
to us all. Butch/femme is not a dirty joke; Rad- 
clyffe Hall and Una Troubridge are not isolated 
figures, even though their literary position made 
them seem so. AU through the text, their lives give 
evidence of an extended family of other hutches 
and their girlfriends who were the real social 
home of this peripatetic couple, women like Miki 
Jacob (Naomi), the life-long Jewish friend of 
both Una and John who deserves a book of her 



own, Brother (Toupie Lowther), Jo (Carstairs) 
and the "three boys (all girls!): Edy Craig... 
Christopher St John and 'Tony' (Clare Atwood)." 
We are told in Una's own words how this gang of 
friends spent vacations together, visited the invert 
bars of Paris together, argued and made up to- 
gether. All this Lesbian subculture involvement 
was counterpoint to Una's devoted Catholicism, 
her motherhood and her ongoing struggles with 
her husband's family. We need to know more 
about how Una understood her social outlaw self 
and her womanness. How do we demand that 
our lived lives and the resulting cultural 
knowledge be taken seriously? One answer I can 
offer is that we must take the leads provided in 
books such as this one and do our own research 
and analysis. 

• 
For 28 years, Una Troubridge and Radclyffe 
Hall forged a life together. Their courage at the 
1928 obscenity trial of The Well of Loneliness 
showed them both at their strongest; their infatu- 
ation with D'Annunzio and their naivety about 
fascism showed them at their worst. We see them 
restlessly seeking a place to live, enduring snubs 
and public intrusion, falling in and out with their 
friends. Always Una remained steadfast, through 
slander and morality trials, through her hus- 
band's opposition to John (he made it legally cer- 
tain that under no circumstances would Una's 
daughter The Cub ever be left in Hall's guardian- 
ship) and through Radclyffe's anguished writing 
process. But she also pursued her own interest, 
becoming the first English translator of Colette 
and attempting to adapt the French writer's work 
for the stage. 

Toward the end of their life together, the trips 
to Italy and France fell away, and we read of a 
tired and dying John being nursed by Una. For 
six months she accompanied her lover on their 
last shared journey as Hall fought with courage 
and dignity aginst the pain of stomach cancer. 
For the 20 years after John's death, Una wrote to 
her every day in the diary she had started in 1917 
when Hall presented her with the first blank book 
inscribed with the words, ' 'To Squig, good luck.' ' 
She started wearing John's clothes, including the 
ring she had given her, and lived on in Italy, her 
adopted country, a devotee of the opera and of 
the memory of her best friend and most desired 
lover, until her death in 1963. 

On the last page of his biography, Richard 
Ormrod says: "She certainly had not expected to 
give up her art, separate from her husband, be- 
come the feminine half of the most famous Lesbi- 
an couple of the century...." 

When we look at the face of Una Troubridge 
and read her own words, it is clear that the power 
of erotic choice transformed her life into a monu- 
ment to love. • 

Personal note: This review was written during a very 
difficult time for me. I want to thank Deborah Edel, an 
old comrade, and Paige Gillies, a new friend, for 
their giving of life to me. 

Joan Nestle is a co-founder of the Lesbian Herstory 
Archives in New York City, and the author of 
"Butch-Fem Relationships: Sexual Courage in the 
1950s, ' ' which appeared in the Sex Issue of Heresies, 
and was reprinted in the September 1 98 1 issue of The 
Body Politic. 



Tom Wakefield explores the limits of the personal as merely personal 

Ordinary ironies 



Drifters, by Tom Wakefield. Gay Men's Press 
(Box 247, London N 15 6RW, England), 1984. 
£3.50; $6.50 US. 

Chris McCormick • 

Tom Wakefield's collection of nine short 
stories is thoughtful and simple.Well- 
written and with a direct style, it presents charac- 
ters who look like people we know. The stories 
are political in that they tell us of the ordinary 
problems gay men experience, such as rejection, 
thoughtless lovers and discrimination. Yet it is 
difficult to sort out how ironic Wakefield is being. 
Taken literally, he appears to be saying that these 
problems are simply problems of relationships 
and sexuality. Yet taken ironically, he shows the 
limits of treating such problems as simply person- 
al matters. 

Many of the men here are victims. They are 
used by people, and (with one exception) as a 
remedy they seek nice, domestic relationships. 
The carousel of friendships includes the gypsies, 
the cruisers, the users, the abusers, the travellers, 
good guys and bad guys. 

Perhaps domesticity is a solution to the prob- 
lems of gay sexuality, but I think Wakefield is 
pointing out the subtle irony of attempts to re- 
solve private problems in private. The message is 



that the characters do not understand the larger 
issues of politics and sexuality in which their ac- 
tions are enmeshed. Their actions, like Wake- 
field's stories, are simple and direct, and deal 
with the things they can see and feel. 

When Tony abuses Richard, he moves out and 
finds a nice man. Aubrey discourages intimacy, 
so Arthur moves away. John is not allowed to 
sleep with his boyfriend in his niece Loma's 
house after he allowed her a similar courtesy in 
his house, so he leaves. Malcolm is kicked out of 
his parents' house when they find out he is gay, so 
he goes to stay with his aunt, later to be set up by 
the police and, through a tragedy of errors, ends 
up in the city taken in by a drag bag man. 

If this is Wakefield's point — that gay prob- 
lems are ones of sexuality, that gays need domes- 
ticity, that any action gays take to change their 
circumstances are small — then his stories are ef- 
fective. If he is being ironic, then he is very effec- 
tive. Personally, I'm willing to give him the bene- 
fit of the doubt, because he does not preach but 
instead makes his message subtle. This is what 
good literature is all about. • 

Writer Chris McCormick lives in Toronto. 




34 • THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 



I o 



A collection of narratives by lesbian nuns challenges both religious and sexual stereotypes 

* Out from behind the veil 




Lesbian Nuns: Breaking Silence, by Rosemary 
Curb and Nancy Manahan. Naiad Press (Box 
10543, Tallahasee. FL 32302), 1985. $9.95 US. 

Sandra ELundy • 

y first contact with nuns was in At- 
lantic City, where my family vaca- 
tioned since I was about six years old. 1 remem- 
ber staring transfixed as a group of wierdly dress- 
ed women strolled down the boardwalk, five 
abreast, arms linked together. They returned the 
genial smiles of passers-by, and every once in 
while they'd stop to admire a puppy or a small 
child. 

I'd never seen anything like them in my neigh- 
bourhood. All the grown-up women I knew — 
teachers, neighbours, relatives — lacquered up 
their hair in rigid beehives, wore killingly fash- 
ionable clothes and carried a frightening, slightly 
soured look just beneath their brilliant make-up. 

"Mommy! Mommy! What are they?" I cried 
excitedly, pointing to the nuns. 

"They're nuns," sheanswered. "Catholic wo- 
men who don't get married and live together in a 
big house." Then she added, rather pointedly, I 
now recall, "Jews don't have nuns." 

"Oh." I was disconsolate as my eyes followed 
the black-and-white procession down the 
boards. I could deal with no Christmas, no organ 
in the synagogue. But losing the option I saw in 
those sisters — to be separate together as women 
— seemed a hard fate indeed. 

I relate this anecdote to underscore a central 
theme of Lesbian Nuns: Brealdng Silence, the 
absorbing new anthology edited by ex-nuns 
Rosemary Curb and Nancy Manahan: that in 
our society the figure of the nun is ambiguous, 
even subversive. The official line has it that the 
nun (dis)embodies perfect womanhood: selfless, 
sexless, ever-giving, ever obedient to male pro- 
scriptions. Less charitably, popular wisdom 
holds that nuns are shriveled old maids, probably 
closet lesbians. For thousands of Catholic and 
non-Catholic women, though, the nun symboliz- 
es a genuine alternative to the heterosexual trap 
of begetting and spending, and promises a wom- 
an-centred Ufe. The nun as closet lesbian/femin- 
ist hero! 

One of the many virtues of Lesbian Nuns is 
that it unveils the reality behind these fantasies, 
and demands new perspectives on convent life 
and on lesbianism. More broadly, this collection 
is poipant to the situation of all women within 
rigid patriarchal systems. 

Fifty-one women, 42 former nuns and nine still 
in orders, describe the relationship between their 
lesbianism and their choice of cloistered religious 
life. They are white women, women of colour, 
upper-, middle-, and proletarian-class women, 
women of different ethnic backgrounas and dif- 
ferent ages. They became Immaculate Heart of 
Marys, Benedictines, Grey Nuns, Carmelites, 
Poor Clares; most assumed new names. Their di- 
versity makes generalization chancy; neverthe- 
less, certain notes on convent life sound repeated- 
ly throughout their narratives. The first concerns 
reasons for entering the convent: fewer writers 




'.•.•.v.'.*.'.- 

:-::X-:<:-:-: 



Rosemary Curb & Nancy Manahan: exposing holy inhumanities 



than one might imagine speak of a genuine spirit- 
ual conviction of vocation. Many more tell of en- 
tering because convent life offered the only ac- 
ceptable alternative to marriage, or because they 
were in love with a nun. ("It's one of the most ef- 
fective recruiting practices of religious communi- 
ties," notes Manahan. "Women fall in love with 
nuns and enter; then younger women fall in love 
with them and enter, and the chain goes on.") 
For most, sexuality, especially lesbian sexuality, 
was a Dread Unknown: "The taboo (against 
knowing one's body)," writes a not atypical con- 
tributor, "was so strong that I never looked, or 
touched, for thirty years." 

"How many women of my generation became 
nuns because we were already (unknowing) lesbi- 
ans?" muses Curb. "Almost all of you!" the 
Church hierarchy seemed to be answering, par- 
ticularly in the pre-Vatican II days. Hence we 
read of the zealous — and to many sisters, puzzl- 
ing — campaigns against "particular friend- 
ships": bedroom doors locked at night from the 
outside; close friends transferred to convents in 
different states; the penance of self-flagellation 
(mental, sometimes physical) for "impure 
thoughts," the relentless "custody of the senses." 
"In my second year," writes a pseudononymous 
contributor, "my novice mistress informed me 
that two novices were upset because they were 
experiencing strong feelings for me. The German 
matriarch instructed me to stop whatever I was 
doing. I was unaware of doing anything...." 

A former Benedictine remembers of a loved 



one: 



I could never recall if Sister Dolores knew what 
was happening because we never had open 
communication about it. Since we were sup- 
posed to be physically detached from every- 
thing and everybody, there was never a close 
touch. The only time we could touch was dur- 
ing recreation when wc had a chance to talk 
and touch hands. According to the Rule, the 



sisters were supposed to touch both palms to 
the other nun's open palms. But it was a very 
neat, short, contact. There was no possibility 
to say, "I have this feeling for you." 

To be fair, many contributors see the convent 
experience in retrospect as nurturing as well as re- 
pressive, particularly in the area of social activ- 
ism. Noting the prevalence of ex-nun lesbian 
leadership in many contemporary peace and lib- 
eration movements, for example, Jeanne Cordo- 
va speaks of "the convent as Boot Camp for us 
all, our alma mater of the soul." For Ginny Ap- 
uzzo, writing in a section on "Convent Values 
and Lesbian Ethics," "Being a nun was painful 
but productive. I couldn't be doing the work I do 
now for gay liberation without having learned to 
channel my energy. I call it grace." "Ayyelet 
Hashachar," who has since converted to Juda- 
ism, even goes so far as to call the convent "an 
eariy version of the women's separatist move- 
ment." Others see the vows of chastity, poverty, 
and obedience as not stifling at all, but 
"liberating." 

Nevertheless, one senses an overwhelming, 
tragic dislocation of emotion and an anguish of 
spirit inherent in cloistered religious life. I was 
shocked and saddened by the numerous accounts 
of institutionalized sadism. Not only homopho- 
bia — Lesbian Nuns also "breaks silence" on 
the orders' widespread classism and racism — 
and on everyday acts of holy inhumanity: 

The blind obedience which our vows demand- 
ed implied that women couldn't think. Every- 
thing was done in a particular way or by a cer- 
tain method, and once told to do something, 
no questions asked! I recall having the chore of 
washing and drying all the towels for the three 
hundred-member community. I was told to 
hang them outside to dry even though the com- 
munity had an automatic dryer. Since it was 



drizzling, I questioned the sense of such action. 
Commanded to complete the job, I knew that 
my obedience was being tested. Later in the 
day as the increasingly wet towels hung on the 
line, I was reprimanded for hanging towels in 
the rain. Having been imperfect that day, I was 
to confess my faults at the evening meal and 
beg the community's forgiveness while kneel- 
ing at the entrance to the refrectory. Looking 
back at the incident now, I see only waste of hu- 
man potential and energy. 

And human love! "The final straw came for 
me when my mom died of cancer and my dad was 
not allowed to see me or have me come home." 
Not surprisingly, an overwhelming number of 
contributors developed acute psychosomatic ill- 
nesses associated with their convent years. 

Lesbian Nuns challenges many assumptions 
about the serenity and logic of convent life. It also 
challenges stereotypes about lesbians. The com- 
mon perception of lesbians as irreligious, for in- 
stance, finds no fodder here. Neither do the ster- 
eotypes held by many lesbians ourselves. Quite a 
few contributors are deeply Christian-identified; 
some even give their god the masculine pronoun. 
These writers testify that their choice of religious 
expression, and their present or former vocation 
as nuns, often elicits hostility from other lesbians. 
People often "smirk at women who have spent 
time in the convent," one lesbian ex-nun ob- 
serves. "It invalidates the person, her choices, 
her background; and it reinforces the internaliz- 
ed oppression of ex-nuns." If Lesbian Nuns 
opens up a dialogue within the lesbian commun- 
ity about spiritual practice and prejudice, then 
the work will have broken another ugly silence. 

In their introductions and in numerous inter- 
views, the editors have emphasized that this is not 
an anti-Catholic book. Of course it's not: the 
scope of Lesbian Nuns is much broader than that, 
for convent life reflects the experience of all women 
within male-dominated structures. In this sense, 
the stories assume certain universalities. This is one 
ex-nun's "examen of conscience": 

Do you have problems with authority — vacci- 
lating between passive obedience and flaming 
rebellion? Do you sometimes find yourself 
paralyzed with indecision, afraid of doing the 
wrong thing with your time, longing for some- 
one to give you permission or an order? Do you 
feel guilty about setting your own career goals? 

Sound familiar? One doesn't have to be Catholic 
to recognize the origins of these questions in 
women's internalized self-hatred. 

And isn't it, after all, the business of all patri- 
archal institutions to tell us how and when to 
touch? Isn't it their business to compel us, against 
our better judgment, to hang out wash in the rain, 
then demand that we "confess" our fault before 
the harsh judges of our "communities'? And don't 
many of us, despite the odds, struggle through lo 
reclaim our lives, to take back our proper names? 
If the narratives of Lesbian Nuns are personal and 
concrete, they are also profoundly metaphorical. 
Far from being parochial in scope, the work is a 
major contribution to the development of women- 
identified consciousness. • 

Sandra L undy is afreelanct editor, writer and teacher 
based in M'H' York city. 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 35 



LITERATURE 



In spare and simple stories, Richard Hall explores the vulnerable wisdom of looking back 

Reflections 




Letter from a Great-Uncle & Other Stories, by 

Richard Hall. Grey Fox Press (San Francisco), 
1985. $7.95 US; $11.95 in Canada. 

Michael Lynch • 

razzle-dazzle here. Richard Hall's 
volume of new stories — only two of 
the eight published before — have no use for 
briUiant wit, sharp ironies. A-Hst party circuits, 
name-dropping, the flair of camp. (Don't say I 
didn't warn you.) They begin flatly: "He should 
not have come. He knew it as soon as he boarded 
the rattle-trap bus in Palma." Or: "My sponsor 
believes I should put it all down on paper." One 
begins so flatly as to snub its nose at ostentation: 
"The beginnings are always the hardest." 

Such simple sentences lead to bare incidents. 
Well-to-do Klaus offers the use of his piano to a 
young musician. Three locals drive up to the 
country house Jack and Rudi have just settled 
into, stay a while, and leave. A boy discusses an 
Oz book with a gay man in the neighbourhood. 



"Most of Hall's men do 
look back.... they cast 
lines into the past and 
resist what they catch 
there. It is never 
simple, their vigorous 
fishery: seeking always 
involves avoiding, and 
vice- versa." 



Pruning the flash from these austere stories, Hail 
has revealed moral and emotional depths none of 
his more prolific contemporaries can equal. 

These are stories of middle age, with that age's 
magical mixture of strength and trembling. The 
strength lies in the arrival: for these middle-class 
North American males, arrival means job ach- 
ievement, coupledom, the house in the country, 
transcontinental or transatlantic travel. There is 
time, now, to look back over the unresolved 
crises of an earlier age, to examine the fissures in 
the foundation of middle life, to forge anew. 
Most of Hall's men do look back, often to their 
first lover. They reconstruct, repalpate the acci- 
dents, in his phrase, that change lives. In another 
of his metaphors, they cast lines into the past and 
resist what they catch there. It is never simple, 
their vigorous fishery: seeking always involves 
avoiding, and vice-versa. 

Hall's bare incidents characteristically bounce 
off a symbol or memento that could, in heavier 
hands, become sententious. He keeps them light. 
Stealing a rosebush from a public garden, finding 
a frozen gourmet dinner left in the freezer, the 
Purple Prince in the Oz story — these become oc- 
casions for many-layered emotional portraits. 




middle age 



Richard Hall: pruning the flash to reveal emotional depths 



With small means, that is. Hall effects his great 
ends. Some of the ends are familiar in gay fiction: 
the cost to an adolescent of parental denial of his 
gay identity; discovering that your lover has used 
you for sex; coming out to mother; sounding the 
depths of racism within mixed-race couple. Hall's 
craft is such that these potentially formulaic 
issues emerge for characters we know in the most 
unformulaic ways. It is even a surprise to realize 
that they are issues, as it is in our own lives when 
we think we've dealt, say, with coming out to 
mom, with a former lover's avoidance, with ra- 
cism — there, suddenly before us and within us, 
it is. 

There it is: each of these stories presents, and 
each wants to explain without reduction, a com- 
plex of emotions. The collection's fullest achieve- 
ment, "The Lost Chord," presents a bourgeois 
black, a doctor, who in his late middle years has 
achieved tight control over all his emotions. 
Tight? Absolute! — but fully conscious. At the 
intermission of a concert (he allows his emotions 
latitude only while listening to music) two young 
gay historians plead for a film he made decades 
earlier of himself and his white lover. They praise 
him lavishly as a pioneer in film, in overcoming 
racism, in building gay culture. Their request un- 
does the controls over his memory, and confronts 
him with a dilemma of truth versus apparent 
truth. It poses for him the personal questions of 
public history. It defines, in fact, his personality 
through these questions: history bubbles at the 
core of who he is, who we are. 

The title story shares this personal historical 
impulse. Hall has enlisted his historical imagina- 
tion here; if the tale sprawls and leaves open mat- 



ters that his more crafted fictions tuck in, the cost 
is worth the benefit: a fictional probe into the 
most fascinating period of gay history. Hall's 
own great-uncle, he explains in a headnote, "was 
bom to Polish immigrant parents in Texas just 
after the Civil War, was homosexual, and had to 
leave home because of a sex scandal." Before his 



"Much as his 
characters resist the 
very truths they seek, 
the straight literary 
world has resisted 
recognizing Hall's 
achievements because 
of his material — 
our lives." 



death when Hall was ten. Hall knew him as a dap- 
per, distant, but very special relative. Well after 
his death. Hall began to try to explain this speci- 
alness, and began garnering clues to his great- 
uncle's sexuality, his self-forged life as a homo- 
sexual during the very period in which the mod- 
em homosexual role in North America was itself 
being forged. 

This story, then, imagines "Uncle Harris Bel- 
ansky" and his life. Its details about the small 
town, the early fixes on Harris's "problem," the 
attempted remedies, his desperation, his friend- 
ships, his escape — these are mostly consonant 



with our current archeology of that period. A 
particularly deft manoeuvre has the boy see, in 
frontier Texas, a berdache and attempt to under- 
stand himself in terms of this Native American 
"squaw-man." Uncle Harris writes of his early 
life in a long letter to his family just before he dies, 
in New York in 1 936. He omits his adult life in the 
metropolis — a silence one regrets, even though 
one knows that this life was unlikely to make it in- 
to this particular letter. (Perhaps Hall's stand-in 
nephew will be lucky, and someday will find in a 
second letter an update from Uncle Harris.) Hall 
frames the letter with the nephew's own actions in 
tracing it and his uncle, sparely, but enough to 
show that the act of writing history is, crucially, 
the act of shaping the self. How Uncle Harris got 
through his childhood, for all the differences of 
decades, gives his young nephew clues for getting 
through his own. 

That very helping, at the heart of the historical 
imagination, permeates this book. History, like 
fiction and like life, requires us to imagine differ- 
ences. The man we live with, however much he 
appears (and is) a clone of ourselves, is so differ- 
ent as to be unfathomable except by an act of his- 
torical imagining. But our faithfulness to the dif- 
ferences, of our lovers or our great-uncles, al- 
ways involves some principle of similarity . This is 
the vulnerable wisdom of middle age. 

• 
Richard Hall published this story and this collec- 
tion in his sixtieth year, as if in farewell to his own 
middle age. Over the last 20 of these years he has 
played a major role in sophisticating gay male lit- 
erature. His novel, The Butterscotch Prince, and 
his earlier stories gathered in Couplings display- 
ed his unmitigated devotion both to gay sub- 
stance and to the craft of fiction. He has written, 
seen staged, and published gay plays. His hard- 
core scholarship in the lives of Henry James and 
his brother William have been invaluable to liter- 
ary biography. (In the last story of this collection, 
Hall allows himself to diddle around with James's 
biography; it's a honey.) His essays, reviews and 
interviews have raised the standards of sensibility 
and intelligence in the gay press. I'm pleased that 
The Advocate's new literary supplement has 
ensconced him in a regular column. 

Much as his characters resist the very tmths 
they seek, the straight literary world has resisted 
recognizing Hall's fictional and critical achieve- 
ments because of his material — our lives. On the 
threshold of his seventh decade, then, his craft 
having been pmned of all that is not him, I think it 
time we honour what is Richard Hall. No razzle- 
dazzle, as I say, no fool's gold; just one of our 
prime cultural resources. • 

Michael Lynch teaches English at the University of 
Toronto, and is working on a book about male-male 
intimacy. 



M • THE BODY POUTIC • AUGUST 1985 







0^50. 

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at home in the Church St neighbourhood. 
Brandt makes sure you get the best. 
It's a language we understand. 






We have fresh top quality beef, pork, 
lamb, veal, poultry and fish. 

We're friendly and courteous and 
eager to help you. 

We carry a wide selection of cheese, 
deli and imported food products & 
pastries. And we cater food trays. 




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Open Monday to Friday 8am-8pm, Saturday 8am-6pm 




SMALL PRESS 



THE THIRD TEXT 

David Maclean 9 

In the City 
of Flesh 

The sailor: his muscled beauty remembered long 
after his ship has returned to the treacherous high 
seas, his moral code diametrically opposed to so- 
ciety at large, and his detachment from the emo- 
tional suffering of all those he leaves behind in 
seaside motel rooms, dreaming of his return. 
These images of a mythical figure have appeared 
many times in the romantic domain of French let- 
ters, and have been icon-zed as a part of male ho- 
mosexual semiotics. Jean Genet is perhaps the 
most famous central figure of this sailor's fan 
club, but, appropriately, considering the sailor's 
code itself, no one person owns the image of this 
mysterious escape artist always waving goodbye, 
leaving you still asleep on soiled white sheets as he 
disappears beyond the surf. 

What is it we so admire about this beautiful 
brute? Is it not the life dedicated to travel and 
movement (which we equate with the search for 
truth) and the accompanying myth of freedom 
attained through total sexual abandon? All se- 
crets are contained under the flesh, and truth is 
flesh in movement, flesh intertwined with other 
flesh, flesh that rises up and away from the cor- 
rupt earth, which is what man becomes when he 
stands still. He digs a hole in the ground and 
erects a village where he attempts to enslave and 
gain control over others. He adorns himself and 
worships all that is artificial. In the hot sun of the 
marketplace, flesh is not free but sold and resold, 
and all the time rotting in the process. In this way 
we enter the mythical, metaphorical city of Baby- 
lon, and the role of the poet is to speak out against 
all this corruption of beauty and truth. 

Rene Crevel was one of those poets. He saw 
things: he had eyes, as they say, and much of 
what he saw pained him. He committed suicide 
when he was thirty-five. 

Babylon is a novel he wrote in 1927, and it has 
recently been published in English translation by 
North Point Press. Crevel's work is a surealist 
masterpiece that speaks to the gay sensibility in 
its fascination with the possibility for personal 
freedom through liberation of the body and 
through the pursuit of one's inner desires. 

Highways belong to lovers of the entire world. 
The wind nourishes their lungs, lights uplheir 
glances. But what hole in the horizon will per- 
mit them to escape and scale the stars? 

The targets of his attack are the petty-bour- 
geoisie of the period (the inhabitants of 
Babylon), who attempt to disguise their lusts 
(their true selves) under a canopy of social respec- 
tability, tradition, and class privilege. Of course 
they have servants, and these are of the variety 
who offer scathing truths about their charges, 
given the opportunity. 

This family — it's like butter in the frying pan. 
it melts so fast that maybe there'll soon be no- 
body but me standing there all alone in front of 
my stove. The women are always going off with 
the men they shouldn't. And the young one — 
she's left in the lurch. 

The central figure in Crevel's fantastical social 
expose is a young girl who grows to maturity in the 
presence of adults who one by one abandon their 
familial roles and surrender to wanton passion. 

Famished, insatiable, Amic cast about. A 
butcher boy lo<iked at her and she wanted to 
suck the blood of animals from his big paws. 

Once desire has been truly tasted it begets more 



desire — "to know everything. And not only the 
pleasures of sex." But in Babylon excess is the 
name of the game. The young girl's grandmother 
who has run off with her own daughter's fiance, is 
not easily satisfied. Upon returning to "the city 
of flesh" after her own scandalous honeymoon, 
she is soon found cruising for more "meat." 

. . .one needed only to choose among these sail- 
ors who produced from their seafaring pants 
splendid handkerchiefs stained with love 
...and for fifty francs would promise a skilled 
and robust virility, a ruddy chest, a hard belly, 
and thighs that, having dispensed with the hy- 
pocrisy of underpants, had the good smell of 
coarse-grained cloth. 



'^.. to know 
everything. 
And not only 
the pleasures 
of sex." 



The cast of characters in this tale of moral cor- 
ruption and spiritual insipidness also includes the 
young girl's older English cousin, who by "run- 
ning away" with the girl's father becomes a fan- 
tasy figure for all that is free/evil/beauti- 
ftil/whorish in the imaginations of those left be- 
hind in the family. The girl's mother, twice aban- 
doned, is betrothed to a missionary by her overly 
analytical psychiatrist father. Religion is mocked 
for its condescending role in trying to bring "civi- 
lization" to the savages of Africa, where the mi- 
nister takes his new bride. When he returns, he 
brings back a "Negress," who is to be tamed of 
her flagrant sensuality in the fold of the servants. 
But on her days off she wastes no time in finding 
muscled thighs that feel the same as those on the 
strong warriors back home. 

Crevel's prose is pure poetry, at times difficult, 
but truly beautiftil. His genius is that he presents a 
complex world, often describing the thoughts, 
dreams and fantasies of each of the characters, but 
he himself is the sailor — only passing through, 
and so fi-ee of guilt, blame, or active participation 
in the world he sees so cleariy. Pain is juxtaposed 
with a searing beauty in the vision of the self-exile. 
"Lighter than a shadow she took flight." On the 
horizon, the corrupt and hopeless village can be 
seen; the sailor has been there before, he has seen it 
all, so what is the use of returning? 

Babylon, always Babylon. On the phospho- 
rescent bed of the tide, the city of flesh spread 
wide its legs, while its head lay on a pillow of 
hanging gardens. . . . Beyond, as a guide for the 
uncertainty of navigators, there was no other 
lighthouse than a gigantic phallus. 

Does that not describe the set for Fassbinder's 
Querellel 

The original French text, lovingly translated 
by Kay Boyle, with the addition, as an afterword, 
of a fictional conversation with Rene Crevel 
(which demonstrates the extent of passion Ms 
Boyle has for her subject). Babylon was praised 
by such luminaries as Andre Breton, Ezra 
Pound, and Salvador Dali when it was first pub- 
lished. This praise was deserved as this novel is a 
major work of surrealist writing. Pour yourself a 
cool bath, open your favourite bottle of white 
wine and bon voyage. • 



Babyion by Rene Crevel, English translation by Kay 
Boyle. North Point Press. 850 Talbot Av, Berkeley, 
CA 94706. $15.50 VS (hardcover). 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 37 



SMALL PRESS 



SHARED GROUND 

Joy Parks • 

Nuns and 
Naiad's spring 
line-up 

While I'm usually pretty excited about new 
books from Naiad, I must admit that I was rather 
anxious about writing this particular column. 
For those of you who haven't heard of and/or 
taken a stand on the current controversy, 
Naiad's long awaited Lesbian Nuns: Breaking 
Silence, edited by Nancy Manahan and Rose- 
mary Curb, not only broke small press sales rec- 
ords, was banned in Boston and may end up as a 
TV movie; but pubhsher Barbara Grier made 
history, big bucks and more than a few enemies 
by seUing the reprint rights of sections of the book 
to Penthouse's /^(?n//n magazine, enraging anti- 
pom lesbian feminists and, in the process, gain- 
ing much publicity for both the book and Naiad 
Press. 

As a reviewer and a big-L-Lesbian, small-f- 
feminist, 1 should take a stand on this issue; but 
frankly, I can't. On one hand, 1 hate the thought 
that the work of lesbian women is padding the 
pockets of Penthouse magnate Bob Guccioni, a 
man who has equated women with ground 
chuck. On the other hand I'm sure that Barbara 
Grier, having been the editor of The Ladder 
(which we must remember sold in the "dirty mag- 
azines" section of most newsstands), knows the 
detriments of overt censorship better than most 
of us. So since I don't know how I feel about this 
situation, I'd rather look at Lesbian Nuns itself 
along with the rest of Naiad's spring 1985 list (a 
number of good books which I fear may go unno- 
ticed in all the commotion) and judge the books 
on their own merit rather than the political fray 
that surrounds them. 

After reading Lesbian Nuns, I couldn't help 
but wonder what all the excitement was about in 
the first place. It certainly isn't Forum material. 
The book looks at the conflict between religious 
vocations and a lesbian lifestyle and consists of 
personal essays by a number of lesbian women 
who either made the decision to leave the convent 
to pursue another kind of life, or women who 
made compromises which allowed them to live as 
lesbians and remain active in their religious com- 
munity. 

Lesbian Nuns makes the extent of lesbianism 
within the convent visible and is an enlightening 
read for those of us who gave up on the Church 
years ago. But unfortunately, the hype surround- 
ing the publishing and reprinting of Lesbian 
Nuns far exceeds its actual appeal. It is, in fact, a 
rather ordinary book. 

Also from Naiad this spring are Misfortune's 
Friend, the seventh novel from Sarah Aldridge, 
the queen of the lesbian parlour romance; and/4 
Studio of One's Own, a journal by Ann Stokes 
which documents the building of a lesbian retreat 
on a beautiful New Hampshire mountainside. 
The photographs of the women working are sim- 
ply georgous and quietly inspirational. Naiad 
has also brought back into print (I hope for a long 
time to come) the late lesbian scholar Jeanette 
Foster's classic Sex Variant Women in Litera- 
ture, a study that deals with 2,600 years of lesbian 
literature. This book is an invaluable tool for les- 
bian researchers and scholars and a necessary ad- 
dition to the library of any serious lesbian reader. 

However, the most exciting Naiad title this 
season is The Swashbuckler by Lee Lynch. In 



past reviews, I have praised Lynch's ability to re- 
create the characters of lesbian women in the '50s 
and '60s in an honest and real way; but in The 
Swashbuckler, Lee Lynch moves from simple 
story-telhng to serious literature. 

We enter the life of Greenwhich Village bull 
dyke Frenchy Tonneau in 1960 and experience 
her wild drunken nights in the Sea Colony, pick- 
ing up girls for a night's pleasure. We fall in love 
with her pompadour and her practiced "diddy- 
bop," but Lynch also lets us in on the confusion 
of Frenchy's deep male identification, her trou- 
bles in hiding her secret life at home and at work, 
and the enforced butch/femme etiquette of the 
bar scene. What is most important in The Swash- 




buckler, setting it apart from other novels dealing 
with this aspect of lesbianism, is that we see Fren- 
chy and the lesbian attitudes of that era, in the 
context of the changes that feminism brought to 
lesbianism. All around her, Frenchy's sense of 
identity and her knowledge of how to be a lesbian 
is being shattered by "nouveau" lesbians coming 
to their lesbianism through politics and clashing 
with the establishied world of bar dykes Uke Fren- 
chy . She faces new lesbians who aren't into roles, 
are publicly affectionate and, worst of all, are ig- 
norant of the taboo of trying to cut through the 
sexual pride of Frenchy's sense of herself as a 
"stone" butch. Lee Lynch has captured the 
painful transitional years of the '60s with poig- 
nancy, and with much love and respect for the 
lesbian women personified in Frenchy. With 
Lynch's guidance, we learn to walk in Frenchy's 
pointed boots and experience with her the excit- 
ing, wonderfully erotic and sometimes devastat- 
ing world of a bull dyke in the '60s. We come 
away from it somehow changed. The Swash- 
buckler is Lee Lynch's finest and most sensitive 
work to date, and perhaps the most moving novel 
of lesbian life ever written. 



JENNIE'S RESTAURANT 




Lesbian Nuns: Breaking Silence, edited by Nancy 

Manahan and Rosemary Curb. $9.95 US. 

Misfortune's Friend, by Sarah Aldridge. $7.95 US. 

A Studio of One's Own, by Ann Stokes, edited by 

Dolores Klaich. $7.95 US 

Sex Variant Women in Litemture, by Jeanette 

Forster $8.95 US 

The Swashbuckler, by Lee Lynch. $7.95 US. 

Books can be ordered from Naiad Press Inc, Box 
10543, Tallahassee.Florida. 32302. 




New Summer Menu 
Toronto's Hottest Courtyard 

Offering fabulous 

cuisine fraiche gourmet foods 

and continental cuisine. 

Open for lunch/dinner/Sunday brunch. 

360 Queen St East, Toronto 861-1461 

(Located at the unglamorous corner of Queen and Parliament) 



METROPOLITAN 

COMMUNITY CHURCH 

OF TORONTO 

730 Bathurst Street 
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2R4 

(416) 536-2848 

Rev Brent Hawkes, B Sc, B Ed, Pastor 

An Ecumenical Christian Church lor all ptMple with a sp«ial ministry li 

the Cay Community 




What We Believe 
FAITH 

Now faith is the assurance ot things hoped for, (he conviction of things not seen . . For 
whoever would draw near to God must believe that God exists. . HEBREWS 111, 6 

HOPE 

. . .a spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of God, having the eyes of your 

hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope to which 

God has called you .. . EPHESIANS 117-18 



LOVE 

Love is patient and kind... rejoices in the right. ..bears all 

things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all 

things. never ends. 1 CORINTHIANS 13:4, 6-8 

So faith, hope, love abide, these three: but the greatest 
of these is love. 1 CORINTHIANS 13:13 

Worship Services 

Sunday 

at 11:00 am & 7:30 pm 
With Singspiration 15 minutes before services 

"Wheelchair accessibility 

All MTtil-fS 

will he signed for Ihv deaf. 

Instrumental Ensemble* 

Tuesday at 630 pm 

Choir 

Sunday at 5:.1()pni. 
'Church nwmbenhip is not required for participation in these groups. 



38 • THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 




AESTHETERA 






GOES 




• Free admission before 8:30 p.m. 

• Advance tickets at $2 per person fincludes 4 
discount coupons on beer and liquor + 2 tickets 
for draws) 

$3 per person at the door 

• Bop 'til you drop with D.J. - J.W. at Boots 
from 7:30 p.m. 

FREE bottle of champagne will be given out to 
those who come holidaying in a Hula skirt 
(too bottles in total) 

• Draws for 6 prizes at midnight 

THE BIGGES T COS TUME PARTY 
SINCE HALLOWEEN! 

(swim wear, jock straps, tantalizing 
holidaying wear are welcomed) 



WM 



yCtElJJ 



tHm 



592 Sherboume street 921-3142 



GAY PUNK 

The San Francisco gay (and communist) punk 
group called the Dicks, who had an album Kill 
from the Heart in 1983, havejust released anoth- 
er one called These People. If you want to write 
to them the address is: Dicks, PO Box 425, San 
Francisco, CA 94101 . A fanzine of interest to gay 
punks is Dr Smith available for $2 from 317-620 
Richmond St W, Toronto, ON M5V lY9.TheJu- 
ly issue of Maximum Rock N RoD has two letters 
about a homophobic flyer produced by the New 
York band CRO-MAG. Six issues of Maximum 
Rock N Ron cost $9 from PO Box 288, Berkeley, 
CA 94701 . The Body Politic is preparing a feature 
on gay punks (especially dykes). If you have some- 
thing to say, write to Features, TBP, Box 7289, 
Station A, Toronto ON M4Y 2N9. 



FILM 



A film with a difference is presently being shot on 
location in Vienna. It's a German-French co- 
production titled Beethoven with the American 
director Paul Morrissey and starring Wolfgang 
Reichman, Matieu Carriere and Nathalie Baye. 
The theme of the movie is the violent passion for 
his pubescent nephew that the composer devel- 
oped in his later years. What's different about the 
film is that Orfilm International will make you a 
co-producer for a minimum investment of two 
hundred dollars. Of course, for this paltry sum 
you don't get your name in the film credits, but 
you do get an advance copy of the script, you can 
watch the film being shot, and when it's time for 
the premiere you get a personal copy on video- 
cassette. Shareholders also benefit if the film 
makes money. If there are any budding film pro- 
ducers out there, the address is 202 rue de Rivoli, 
76001 Paris (telephone 2 61 74 72). 

Detlef Karthaus (from der Stern) % 



LESBIAN AND 
GAYHISTORY 



The well-known radical History Workshop Jour- 
nal, which is published in England, doing a special 
issue (Fall 1986) edited from the United States. 
They're eager to receive articles, reviews, reports 
etc, on areas including lesbian and gay history. 
Write to Jane Caplan, Dept of History, Bryn 
Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA 19010. or to Sean 
Wilentz, Dept of History, Princeton University, 
Princeton, NJ 08544, USA. Prospective contribut- 
ors should contact the editors as soon as possible. 
Art and Culture Magazines 

• 
The Summer 1985 issue of Impulse magazine 
contains the script of David Burgess's The Orillia 
Opera, a play about the washroom busts in the 
basement of the Opera House in 1983. The same 
issue has articles by Alex Wilson on Disneyland, 
and Tim Jocelyn on artist furniture and function- 
al art in New York. There is also an excerpt from 
Midi Onodera's film about sex, talk, and fanta- 
sy. Tilled "Ten Cents a Dance," it will be pre- 
miered at the Toronto Film Festival this Fall. Al- 
so in the Summer issue is a series of photos by 



Mike Glier about men at home doing housework . 
The magazine costs $4 a copy, $15 for four is- 
sues, from Box 370, Stn B, Toronto, ON 
M5T 2W2. The latest issue of FILE megazine 
(which is usually produced by the three gay artists 
called General Idea) is completely taken over by 
artist John Scott. The issue is a version of Frank- 
enstein mainly told by Scott's drawings. FILE 
Vol 6, No 3 costs $5 from Art Metropole, 217 
Richmond St W, Toronto, ON M5V 1W2. One 
of the best magazines about contemporary cine- 
ma is Jump Out, which is now calling itself more 
generally, "a review of contemporary media." 
Issue 30 contains a special section on "Sexual 
Representation" with articles on gay pom and 
video by Richard Dyer, Tom Waugh, and John 
Greyson. Send $3.50 (US) for the issue, or sub- 
scribe for $12 (US), to Jump Out, Box 865, 
Berkeley, CA 14701. Finally, Max Allen is edit- 
ing a Censorship Bulletin which is available free 
from Glad Day Books, 598 Yonge Street, Toron- 
to, ON M4Y 1Z3. AlanO'Connor% 



Between 
the Folds 

They remark 

how stunning we are together, 
my arm eclipsing the flash 

of your shoulder, your hair 
embroidering the velour of my own. 

We twist like taffy in argument, 
show all shades of exotic peppers, 

then purr apologies like cahcoes. 
We are lovers curled into one another— 

concentric, perfect and safe 
in passions that leave me with crystal 
traces 

behind ears and around fingers, 
you with red licorice berries plump 

on thighs and belly. 
They remark 

how very different we are, 

yet so aUke in demeanor.... 
We smile, 

knowing that contrast does not rest 

between the folds 

deep and moist, 
purplish red. 

Ihri Jewell • 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 39 



Welcome to The Body Politic Classifieds — gay people making contact 
with each other across Canada and beyond. 
It's a bargain. Personal ads are just 40<t a word, with a minimum 
charge of $8.00. Business ads (those placed for any profit-making ser- 
vice) are 75<t per word; $15.00 minimum — or call our advertising 
manager at (416) 364-6320 and ask about reasonable rates for display ads. 
You can be bold, stand out, or be a grabber! For a small additional charge, you can really call atten- 
tion to your ad with one of our special headings: 

BOLD: 27 CHARACTERS, MAXIMUM. ONLY SS.OO. 

STANDOUT: 20 CHARACTERS, MAXIMUM. AN ADDITIONAL $10.00. 

GRABBER! 15 CHARACTERS. LEAP OFF THE PAGE FOR $15.00! 

You save if you repeat your ad. Run your message twice, and you save 15%. Three or four insertions 
save you 20%; five to nine 25%; and if your ad runs ten or more times, you save 30%! 
And you save if you subscribe. 5ofl'>'/'t>////f subscribers can deduct $2 from the cost of their ads. And 
if you don't have a subscription yet, you can order one on the form below — and still get $2 off. 
We'll forward your responses. If you don't want your address or phone number to appear in your 
ad, we'll assign a drawer number people can mail to at The Body Politic. We'll forward your responses 
to you twice a week in a plain envelope. This service costs an extra $4.00 per ad per issue. 
Conditions. All ads must be fully prepaid by cheque, money order or charge card, and mailed to ar- 
rive by the advertising deadline given below. Late ads will be held over for the following issue, unless 
you instruct us otherwise. Ad replies sent to a drawer number cannot be picked up at our office. 
Some rules: Gay sex is still illegal if either party is under 2 1 years of age, or if more than two people are 
involved, regardless of their ages. Please word your ad accordingly. The Ontario Human Rights Code 
prohibits specifications based on race, age or sex in any ad offering employment. Personal ads offering 
scenarios that might reasonably be read as racially or otherwise abusive or stereotypical must clearly 
indicate that what is being requested is mutually consensual sexual play and not relations of genuine 
subservience, such as employment. We reserve the right to refuse or alter any ad. 




• CLASSIFIEDS* 




Remember, too, that your ad is reaching other people, not just a box number. So it's smart to be 
positive about yourself and to avoid inadvertently insulting others. We will edit out phrases like "no 
blacks" or "no fats or ferns." 

How to place an ad: Just fill in the form below. Choose a Bold, Standout or Grabber heading if you 
want, then write the rest of your message in the boxes below, one word per box. Telephone numbers 
count as one word, as do postal codes. The amount in the last box that you write in is the basic cost of 
your ad. Then, calculate your total cost: add charges for a special head or our forwarding service if 
you've chosen them, and deduct discounts if you run your ad more than once, or if you subscribe. 

Mail your ad along with payment or charge information to us at: IBP Classifieds, Box 7289, Stn A, 
Toronto, ON M5W 1X9. Or you can place your ad by phone: figure out what you want to say, get out 
your charge card and call us at (416) 364-6320. Ask for the person in charge of classified ads. 

■ ■■■H^^^^^aBMB^^^^iH^ How to answer an ad: It's easy — and it's free. 



^m A _I • ^ ^Ri r* _i w^ %• A-* % I •.r* I I Put your reply in an envelope and address it as 

Get my ad into The Body Politic s classifieds. 



My heading is ^ 



My text is 



GRABBER! 

Maximum 15 characters 

STANDOUT 

Maximum 20 characters 

BOLD 

Maximum 27 characters 






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$8.00 


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More to say? Just keep writing on a separate sheet of paper, at a cost of 40C per word (75C per word for business ads). 



Basic cost S^ 



.limes. 



.number of runs: 



Special heading 

, Grabber ($1 5.00 X number _ 
Standout (S 10.00 X number _ 
Bold($5.00xnumber 



.of runs): 
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_ of runs): 



Total cost before discounts: 
Discounts 

;2runs. Deduct 15% 

3-4 runs. Deduct 20% 

5-9 runs. Deduct 25% 

1 0-1 2 runs. Deduct 30% 
^ I am a subscriber, lean deduct $2.00 
II I'm going to subscribe now. Deduct S2.00 

Forwarding Service 

Please assign a drawer number and forward replies. 
I enclose $4.00 per id per issue. 

SubKribel 

I want to subscribe. 

(Add subscription cost to subtotal) 















.^ 




-J 2.00 


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Subtotal J 




Subtotal J 


n Canada! 24.95 CN 


Dimernationalj 24.95 US 



DEADLINE FOR THE SEPTEMBER ISSUE: 
5 PM, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 7 

DEADLINE FOR THE OCTOBER ISSUE: 
5 PM, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4 



Name: 
Address: 
City: __ 



Prov/Sute: 



.Code:. 



Total payment S^ 



Clip this form and mail it with 

your payment to: TBP Classifieds, Box 7IW, Sution A, Toronto. Ontario M5W 1X9. 



t 



My cheque/money order is enclosed. 
Charge my T I Visa ' 1 Mastercharge 

Card number: 

Expiry date: _ 



Signature: 



ECI3 



shown below: 



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Drawer TBP Classifieds 

Box 7289, Station A 
Toronto, ON 
MSW 1X9 



Affix 

sufficient 

postage 



Make sure to write the drawer number on the 
outside of the envelope — this is our cue to for- 
ward your letter without opening it. 



Order by 
phone! 

It's easy: Just figure out 

what you want to say, 

write it down, get out 

your charge card and call 

(416) 364-6320 

any time between 1 1 am 

and 5 pm, Monday 

through Friday. Just tell 

us you'd like to place a 

classified ad, and well 

take your message and 

your charge card 

number. Payment by 

Visa or Mastercard only. 



40 • THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 




HOMEUFE 



RLAIl ^ SHRVlCrS 



Cimerman 

Real Estate Limited • Realtor 

A Spectacular Victorian Restoration! 

Near the park in Cabbagetown on a 
quiet cul-de-sac. Mouldings, trench 
doors with lead glass, 10-foot ceilings, 
central air + much more. $149,900. 

Yonge-Eglinton-New. Detached home 
that's pertect tor entertaining and dis- 
playing your art. Living room features 
a marble fireplace. Recreation room 
has a walkout to a large yard. 
$324,900. 

Cabbagetown. $104,000, 6 Years 
New, 3 Level, 3 Bedroom, Central Air, 
Fireplace. Tom McNeill 922-5533. 

Cabbagetown. $95,000. Historical 
Mews Location, 2 Storey, 2 Bedroom, 
backing onto park. Tom McNeill 
922-5533. 

Sales Representatives 
Tom McNeill 922-5533 
Barry Shecter 486-5200 



HarveyMalinsky 

Offering personal Real Estate 
services to our community. 



NOVA SCOTIA 
GUESTHOUSE! 

A unique 28 room century 
mansion completely furnished 
with antiques on 4 landscaped 
acres 20 minutes from Sydney. 

Potential of this unique 

property is unlimited with 

opportunities for additional 

rentable rooms; restaurant; 

retail; residential apartments, 

etc. Ideal for individuals or 
couples in search of prosper- 
ous self-supporting business 
and home. 

Asking $181,500 



My c()/n/)iikr (lacss s/xucs 
you amipanthli' /nv/Kfly 
I (lines across t/x' cih — 
• RL'suk'titiid 
' Commercial ami 
huluslrial 




DUNHILL 

Mi-.ii t >.i,il. ^ in-.iK.iMCc Brokers I in 

484 Parliament Street 
Toronto. Ontario M4X 1P2 

(416) 967-6901 

or 920-0040 




Robert A. 
Brosius 

CHARTERED 
ACCOUNTANT 



Tax and Accounting Services 

922-6949 



CLASSIFIEDS 



97 Maitland Street 
Toronto M4Y 1E3 



DnWaiemH.Otto 

REGISTERED 
PSYCHOLOGIST 



Private practice in 

individual, couple 

and family therapy at 44 

Jackes Avenue 

(Yonge and St. Clair area), 

Toronto, Ontario M4T 1E5. 

Free consultation. 

Fees on sliding scale 
according to income. 

Confidentiality guaranteed. 
Telephone 962-5328. 



HOMES 

• TORONTO^ 

1/2/3 BEDROOM APARTMENTS. $350 and up. Uwn 
a nd trees. All paid. 698-5823. 

WANTED, FURNISHED bed/sitting room, to rent on a 
monthly basis for use while in Toronto occasionally. 
Privacy, no objections to company required. Drawer F374. 

LARGE, SUNNY, QUIET, very clean, near Riverdale 
Park. Share bath and kitchen. $200. Ask for Bill or Warren, 
4 65-9871. 

WE ARE FIVE GAY men looking for a sixth person to 
share our downtown Toronto home. We are hoping to find 
someone with a sense of humour who is into communal 
responsibilities, enjoys cooking, and left-wing and gay 
liberation politics. Rent $310 inci from August 1. Call 
3 62-2877. 

24 YEAR-OLD male seeks shared accomodation, August 
o r September. Chris, 964-0701. 

ROOM TO RENT. South Riverdale. 10 minutes from 
Queen and Yonge. Non-smoker. References. Available 
August 1.463-0277. 

LARGE ANNEX APT to share with vegetarian, non- 
smoker gay male. Subway, parking, sundeck . $250/monlh. 
Michael. 922-8544. 

•SOUTHERNONTARIO» 

WANTED TO RENT- WEST HAMILTON-DUNDAS 
house or large 3 bedroom duplex. Reasonable rent in ex- 
change for responsible tenant. Woman and 2 children. 
Character and employment references available. Posses- 
sion June/July '85. Drawer F156. 

BROCK UNIVERSITY STUDENT 

ACCOMMODATION for academic year in comfortable 
home in nearby community. 20 minutes away by car. Own 
room/bath. Preferably gay female. Let's get to know each 
other before September. Enquiries to Drawer F3I4. 

RETIRED SENIORS 

MAINTAIN SOCIAL AND FINANCIAL independence 
while we provide lodging, meals and health care in a friendly 
licenced home. Location— Eastern Ontario. Peter & Steve. 
Drawer F153. 

LONDON STUDENT WANTED to share 3-bedroom fur- 
nished home with male couple. $225/month, with five ap- 
pliances and cleaning lady. Non-smoker only. Phone 
5 19-672-7718 after 6. 

WANT TO RENT IN PETERBORO 

PROFESSIONAL MAN SEEKS room with kitchen 
privileges for three nights midweek beginning September. 
Either rental or possible exchange for guestroom in my cen- 
t rally located Toronto house. Call (416) 486-71 10. 

•0 T T A W AJ 

HUGE BEDROOM for a non-smoking person in my quiet 
house. Five appliances. Sunny garden with barbeque.^lose 
to downtown. $325. 235-0377. 

• H A L 1 F A X • 

GRADUATE STUDENT, 25, QUIET, non-smoker, seeks 
(shared?) accommodation in Halifax for the school year. 
I'd like my own room, and a non-smoker roommate. Do 
you speak French? I'm studying — maybe we could prac- 
ti ce. C Bowen 1031 Fenn Avenue, Victoria, BC V8Y 1P4 . 

SERVICES 

TELEPHONE MESSAGE SERVICE. If you're going to 
have your telephone answered by anyone other than 
yourself, why not the next best thing? US! Call 860-0805 for 
information. 






Agcni (or Atlas Van Lines 



SOLSTICE. GAY ASTROLOGICAL and tarot consulta- 
tions. 463-9688. 

FREE ASTROLOGICAL INFORMATION upon request. 
No obligation. Astrognosy, 11 Yorkville Ave, Suite 608, 
Toronto, ON M4W 1L3 or call 961-5812. 

COUNSELLING: PERSONAL, GROUP, career. Bored? 
Frustrated? Confused? Depressed? Lonely? Call Peter Scar- 
g all, at 424-4554. 

NEED A HANDY MAN to do repairs, light construction, 
or gardening on your house or apartment? Call Bill at 
4 84-9706. 

CLEANER (MALE) does excellent work on homes and 
apartments. Reasonable rates. Let me be of service. Call 
Robert at 699-8124. 



BEAUTY SALON FOR DOGS 

1519 O'Connor Drive 

for appointments call: 759-9427 

Tues.-Sat., 7:30 ann. to 6 pm. 



LL's Painting & Decorating 

Wallpafsering & repairs 

Louis Leveille 364-5356 

258 Parliament Street 
Toronto, Ont. MSA 3A4 



Rik Ruiter, B.A., M.Oiv. 

Individual, Couple, Family Therapist 

151 Robinson St, Hamilton, ON L8P 1Z6 

(416) 527-5610 




Piano Tuning & Repair 



By now the humidity has 
thrown your piano out of tune, 
the solution is obvious. 



lames Tennyson 
Certified Piano Technician 
335 Markham St, Toronto 
%7-6653 



K 



• CALGARY» 

SALES, MARKETING PROFESSIONAL, 28, seeks op- 
portunity in wine, spirits or related industry. Five years ex- 
perience. Organized, articulate, communication skills. 
Self-motivated, creative, related education. Personable, 
hardworking, career oriented. Drawer F419. 

• TORONTO^ 

APPLICANTS FOR DENTAL and hospital receptionist 
work wanted. No experience. We train. 288-1240. 

MAN NEEDS QUIET HOME, companionship and/or 
job. Unemployed. Overweight, grey hair, average looks. 50 
years old, 5'10". PBSfavouritechannel. Enjoy healthy, ac- 
tive lifestyle. Alert, friendly personality. College grad. 
Nature buff. Self-starter. Can type, cook, drive and garden. 
Competent manager and organizer. Consider room/board 
in exchange for services. Drawer F365. 

FULL TIME POSITION AVAILABLE 

AT GLAD DAY BWKSHOP. Book knowledge and retail 
experience essential. Please submit resume in care of Robert 
Banks, Glad Dav Bookshop, 598A Yonge St, Toronto, ON 
M4Y IZ3. 

I NEED WORKNOW 

MOVING TO TORONTO in Augusi. Experienced in order 
desk, accounts receivable, accounts payable, inventory 
control, expediting and filing. References provided. Great 
asset to any company. Drawer F4I0 

TRAVEL 

VACATION ACCOMMODATION IN BC 

Gav Bed & Brcakfasi, priwitc suiic on ihc beach. 1889 
Hollywood Crescent, Victoria. BC V8S IJ2 (604) 592-7892. 
J20 single, S35 couple. 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 41 



VANESSA MAGNESS 

B.A.S. (Finance) 

member of the C.I.CA.M. 



Tax Services 

Small Business 

Bookkeeping 

& 
Accounting 



368-1365 

office in downtown Toronto 



PHOME 
ULTIMATF 

Anything 
You Want 

• Bodybuilders 

• Spankings 

• Athletes 

For Lifeguards. Sur] 
Beach Boys. etc.. call our 
Beach Line: 502-227 -SWIM 

Ask about our free offer 
24 HOURS 

M/C • VISA • AMEX • C/B • D/C • CMEQSS 

trie C .111 h<i< Ks 
Distrcrl nilliii^ Kt-dstindblc Kdli's 

718-204-6666 




Robert G. Coates 

B. Sc., LL. B. 
Barrister & Solicitor 



70 Dundas Street East 

Toronto, Ontario MSB 1C7 

598-4922 



BOOTS 

A contact club forming 
for men into: Heavy Boots, 
Leatfier & Rubber, Uniforms, 
Motorcycles, Vans, Trucks 
& Jeeps, or wtiatever your 
masculine trip may be. 
$5.00 Membership Fee. 
No Forwarding Cfiarges. 
P.O. Box 266, 
Postal Station "A" 
Vancouver, B.C., Canada 
V6C 2M7 




Dr. Wayne M. Boone 
M.D.,C.C.F.P. 

is pleased to announce 

the opening of his 

general practice 

at 

40 Wellesley Street East 

Suite 408 

Toronto, Ontario 

M4Y1G4 

964-2295 



PAUL T.WILLIS, 

B.A.,LL.B. 

BARRISTER AND SOLICITOR 
NOTARY PUBLIC 

For the General 
Practice of Law 

Day or evening 
appointments available 

248 Gerrard Street East, Suite 1 
Toronto, Ontario MSA 2G2 

Telephone (416) 926-9806 



® 



R. Douglas Elliott, B.A., LL.B. 

Barrister & Solicitor 

65 Queen Street West, Suite 805 

Toronto, Ontario M5H 2M5 

(416) 865-9890. 



Office hours: 9 am to 5 pm 

Evening and weekend appointments available 



Initial consultation: $20 
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Now, a complete cleaning service for our community. 




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42 • THE BODY POUTIC • AUGUST 1985 



CASTRO HOTEL 

AT 1 8TH AND CASTRO in San Francisco. Now stay in the 
Castro, not just nearby. Unique Victorian suites with pri- 
vate bath and parlor overlooJcing the street. Experience the 
Castro by staying there. Castro Hotel, 560 Castro Street, 
S an Francisco, CA, 94114 (415) 621-2521. 

NOVA SCOTIA: Lovett Lodge Inn. Victorian, antiques, 
alpine. Near St. John-Digby ferry. Brochure: Box 119, 
Bear River, NS BOS IBO. (902) 467-3917. 

SEAFAIR INN - OGUNQUIT 

BEAUTIFULLY RESTORED VICTORIAN bed & break- 
fast inn furnished with antiques. Walk to club restauraunts 
and beach. Private or share baths. Very reasonable rates. 
Brochure, 24-B, Shore Road, Ogunquit, Maine 03907. 
( 207)646-2181. 

STRATFORD BED & BREAKFAST 

Spend relaxing retreat in historic home along scenic Avon 
River, 8-minute walk to famous Stratford Shakespearean 
Festival featuring "Measure for Measure." Home-cooked 
breakfast, reasonable rates. Bumsyde Guest Home, 139 
William St, Stratford, ON N5A 4X9. Phone (519) 
271-7076. 

■ LAUDERDALE | 
MANOR MOTEL 

Fort Lauderdale 
SUMMER SPECIAL 

$134.00 US/week* 
ROOM and CAR 
'perperson/doubleoccupancy 
taxes & insurance not included 
fromjunel toOctober3l,l985 
Write or phone: Lauderdale 
Manor Hotel 2926 Valencia St 
^^ Fort Lauderdale Florida 333 I 6 ^^ 
^ Tel: 305-463-3384 H 

MOUNTAIN RETREAT 

YEAR-ROUND BED and breakfast inn in New Hamp- 
shire's White Mountains on 100 private scenic acres. The 
Highland Inn offers a peaceful and relaxing setting, charm- 
ing rooms with private baths, lovely common areas, fresh 
flowers, antiques. Fireplace, library, large swimming pool 
at the Inn. Great hiking, canoeing, fishing and antiquing 
nearby. Mid-week discounts. Grace and Judi, Innkeepers. 
Box 1I8P, Bethlehem, NH 03574. (603) 869-3978. 

BEACH FRONT Roman Beach Apts. Oistintown Barba- 
dos West Indies. Phone 809-42-87635. Summer. Two per- 
s ons. One night S20-45 US. All Welcome. 

SAN FRANCISCO, PHOENIX. Bed-Breakfast. Private 
homes. Classic yachts. BayHosts, 1155 Bosworth, San 
Francisco CA 94131. 415-334-7262. 

TRY AND BEAT US 

WHEN IT COMES TO LOCATION, atmosphere and 
amenities in the French Quarter. New Orleans only guest 
house exclusively for gay men. Ursuline Guest House, 708 
Ursuline, New Orleans, LA 701 16. 504-525-8509. 

BUY & SELL 

THERE'S A BOOK BEHIND THIS MAGAZINE. Lon- 
don's Gay News called it "spectacular." New York's yH- 
lage Voice said "The clarity and drive. . . engage any gener- 
ous intelligence." The book hcalkd Flaunting it.' A Decade 
of Gay Journalism from The Body Politic. It's yours for 
$8.95 plus Jl .00 for postage and handling. Order the book 
that Christopher Street called "a pleasure to read. . .so well 
editing that it becomes a document of the first decade of gay 
liberation." Send $9.95 today to Flaunting It!, Box 639, Stn 
A, Toronto ON M5W1G2. 

WE PAY CASH 

FOR USEDGA Y magazines. Orion Books, 544 YongeSt (4 
doors north of the Parkside Tavern) Toronto, Ontario 
M4Y IY8. Tel. 923-5537. 

VOLUNTEERS 

ORGANIZATIONS seeking volunteers can find them in 
The Body Politic classifieds. Advertise for volunteer help 
a nd gel a 50% discount o ff our regular reasonable rates. 

LESBIANS AND GAY MEN wanted for peer counselling 
and information phone line. Should possess a mature atti- 
tude, common sense and empathy. Phone TAG at 
964-6600. 




MUSICIANS-SINQERS 

Join Metropolitan 
Connnnunlty Church o( 
Toronto's baroque 
Instrumental ensennble 
or choir 
Phon* 536-2M6 



MESSAGES 

PIETRO. Lost your phone number. Please call me. 
Telephone %2-5328. Willem. 

LA.G.O.S.J. INC. PRESENTS 

SAINT JOHN N.B. SUMMER GAYMES '85. Friday 
August 16 through Saturday August 24. Come join us for a 
funtastic summer celebration. LAGOSJ Inc salutes Jeux 
Canada Games '85 and Saint John NB on its 200th anniver- 
sary of incorporation. 



books at cost (usually 35-40% ofO- Prisoners and other in- 
terested persons should write: Books For Prisoners, Box A, 
92PikeSl, Seattle, WA 98101. 

23 YEARS OLD, 6' I" 198 lbs. I like riding horses and 
bowling. 1 want to love someone and someone to love me. 
Cari McQuay, 055540 Q 3-E-4, Florida State Prison, Box 
7 47,StarkeFL, 32091. 

GAY ITALIAN MALE, sad and lonely. Behind bars with 
no contact from the outside worid. Will answer all. Johnny 
Rucker, 169-564, Box 45699, Lucasville OH, 45699 USA. 



F 


R 1 


E 


N 


D 


S 




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•INTERNATIONAL* 



PHOTO: RUTHANN TUCKER 




HOWARDSMITH, formerly of 1621 YongeSt, now at 133 
Cottingham, please contact Andy at 967-6192 or 364-6320 . 

GROUPS 

GAY INVESTMENT CLUB 

NEW, BUT NOW ACTIVE club seeks a few more male 
members. Last chance, so write today with details of in- 
terests. Drawer F195. 

MAN/BOY LOVE. News, art and opinion. Bulletin and 
other information $1. NAMBLA, 537 Jones St, N" 8418, 
S an Francisco, CA 94102. 

OTHER 

GAY COURTWATCH. General court information, law- 
yer referrals, crisis referrals, support services. If you have 
been arrested or need assistance with the court system leave 
a message at room 337, Old City Hall, Toronto, or call 
3 62-6928 or %l-8046. We are here to help you. 

IN MEMORIAM 

FOGG, GERALD. In loving memory ofGerry, who passed 
away June 18, 1984. Sadly missed and always remembered 
by Alan, Irwin, Paul, Peter and David. 

PRISONERS 

A NOTE to prisoners who wish to have pen pals — Metro- 
politan Community Church is offering a pen-pal service to 
men and women prisoners through ihechurch's prison min- 
istry Prison Ministry, 730 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON 
M5S 2R4. 

LEFT BANK BOOKS sponsors a Books For Prisoners pro- 
ject. Through donations and a postage grant wc arc able to 
send free miscellaneous books to inmates everywhere, (pro- 
vided an institution allows them). We offer special order 



FRIENDS 

• TORONTO* 

MALE, GAY, 29, healthy non-smoker seeks honest 
woman for friendship and marriage. Serious commitment. 
Drawer F297. 

GAY MALE wishes to marry gay female for Canadian 
citizenship. Please call 241-1832 and ask for Kevin. 

ATTRACTIVE, CULTURED, Japanese single male loves 
girls, art and music. Seeks romance! Fred, (416)961-8468. 

SOMETIMES FEEL ISOLATED in straight "man's" 
world? Gay woodworker wants to meet/talk with others in 
this or related trades. Drawer F420. 

FRIENDS 
FEMALE 

• TORONTO» 

INSOLENT LITTLE BITCH submissive's mail is screened 
by protective Master. I have been allowed to place this ad 
with the understanding that I may respond only to letters 
which state intentions specifically. Drawer F407. 

VOLUPTUOUS, CREATIVE. SENSUOUS, off-the-wall. 
Seek same or different for fun and games. Drawer F424. 

INTELLIGENT, FIT, ACTIVEwoman needs long, linger- 
ing sensuous massage. Sometimes it's easier to ask in 
writing what can't be said out loud. No smokers. Drawer 
FAOO. 

• MONTREAL* 

GWF. 40, MATURE, warm, active seeks same. Object: 
new contacts, possible friendship; discretion assured. 
Drawer F360. 



NIAGARAHAMILTON-TORONTO 

BODYBUILDER WITH GOOD PECS wanted for pec/tit 
worship byGWM,38,5'10" 160 lbs. SafeJ/Osex. No S/M. 
Box 56, Niagara Square, Buffalo, NY 14201, USA. 

HAIRY MEN/ADMIRERS. Big, uncensored, sizzling-hot 
US/Canadian ad listings. Bears, fur-lovers, trappers. Nude 
i nfopixpak: Man-Hair, 59 West 10th, NYC, 1001 1. 

SUPER M FOR ELDERLY MEN 

MEN 60 OR OVER seeking mates of similar age for caring, 
sharing life, hobbies, travel, fun, J/0. Local/national mon- 
thly listing. Free service. Send long self-addressed envelope. 
Box 103, 606 West Barry, Chicago, IL 60657. 

SOLEIL! Jeune algerien de 26 ans cherche correspondants 
pour amite et plus, et ce dans la tendresse et la douceur. 
Reponse assuree. Drawer F368. 

YOUNG GOOD-LOOKING ASIAN guy, 22 years old, 176 
cm tall. Studying hotel and restaurant management. Senior 
student, fashion model, love summer beaches, sports, disco 
and Asian cooking. Very flexible in bed. Seek contact for 
sincere and honest gay relationship. Drawer F364. 

G WM YOUNG, ATTRACTIVE, and loving seeks mature, 
sincere and caring male for lasting relationship. Please 
write soon, will answer all. Drawer F356. 

COMMERCE MAJOR in business management. 21, 5'7" 
140 lbs, black eyes and hair. My hobbies are swimming, 
reading, going to the beauty spots of our place, movies and 
TV. Fond of native and modem dance. Antonio Cordero, 
La Consolacion College, Bacolod City, Philippines 6001. 

HOT DRAWINGS, STORIES made to your orders in 
(equal) exchange for uninhibited fantasies concerning 
beautifully clothed, (beardless) hunks forced into 
(Bowtied): gaysex, cannibalism, s/m, etc. ..Few limits! 
Send sample— and shots of wanted hunk(s) with instruc- 
tions. Only horny need apply. Drawer F394. 

• ALBERTA* 

GWM, 34, 5'H" 155 lbs, brown hair, blue eyes, profes- 
sional. Interests include: bicycling, swimming, squash, 
travelling, theatre, classical music, long walks and cuddl- 
ing. You: white, black. Oriental, Asian, not important but 
under 35 and in good shape. Will answer all with photo. 
Drawer F219. _^ 

MUSIQAN SEEKS FRIEND 

PROFESSIONAL MUSICIAN 50 seeks friend, lover or 
penpal. Varied interests, looking for a relationship but will 
r eply to all. Reply to Box 477, Red Deer, Alberta T4N 5G 1 . 

OUT IN THE TUMBLEWEED 

YOUNG ARTIST, flashing eyes, floating hair, at home in 
the vastlands but eager to meet fellow settlers. Is there a 
homo home on the range? (If not, I'll risk a visit to Edmon- 
t on.) Write M.G., Box 688, Mayerthorpe, AB TOE INO . 

• CALGARY» 

FUCKBUDDIES 

FUCKBUDDIES FOR REGULAR and/or occasional sex 
wanted by couple. Max waist 32". Discretion and mutual 
trust a must. Write Box 1002, Calgary, T2P 2K4. 

" SLAVE WANTED 

MASTER, 50, MERCILESS, seeks slave willing to sur- 
render all. B/D, S/M, humiliation, limits respected. GWM. 
Race not important. Drawer F198. 

A MOUNTAIN TRAIL under a blue, blue sky; falling 
leaves; movies, dancing, skiing Louise, being silly, snuggl- 
ing close, the whispered words "I love you". ..like it? 
GWM, 31, 5'9" 125 lbs, red/green, bright, hkeable, 
straightacting seeks bright, affectionate, reliable GWM 
under 32 who likes self and others. For good times, friend- 
ship, possible relationship. Prefer slim, blond "boy-ne.xt- 
door." Please write: R.M. Box 165, 401 - 9 Ave, Calgary, 
T2P 3K5. 

SLAVES 

CALGARY MASTER looking for slave(s) into S/M sub- 
mission and strict training. I know what you need and I 
know what I am doing. Write detailing your desires and 
qualifications to BOX 274, Stn T, Calgary, T2H 2G8. 
Serious only. 

CUDDLY TEDDY BEAR WANTS YOU 

ARE YOU OVER 25 and have your act together? Please 
write with photo-Myself-I am 37, blue eyes, considered 
good-looking. All replies answered. Drawer F329. 

TOILET REQUESTS 

ACTION SIR! Slave is available weekday evenings for 
master who is into scat, water sports, whipping. Descriptive 
letter gets descriptive reply. Slave is not able to travel due to 
type of business. Phone 243-8398 or write Suite 188-181, 
401 9 Avenue SW, Calgary, Alia. T2P 3K5. 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 43 



r^^^^!!^sccMH CUPS 

C0CK-RlH6S-CAT«^Jf^ ^ STUOOEO BELTS 

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PIG . DOUBLE EA6LE • "^^«^;^ .^^^jj 



P R I APE 

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llin^ 



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Monday to Saturday 
1pm to 11pm 

Escorts and Model 
referral for every occasion 

964-2638 

Mastercard, Visa, Veri-cheque 



(Tlontgomery 
Leathers 




Box 161, Agincourt 

(Toronto), Ontario, 

Canada MIS 3B6 



visa. Charge/ or Mastercard 
accepted 



Catalogue 5 now 
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AN AROMA FOR YOUR FANTASIES 



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Toronto (Ontario) MSB 105 

Tel.: (416) 977-4718 



44 • THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 



FUN-LOVING ORIENTAL, masculine, professional 
boyish, 31, seeks masculine, sincere, affectionate GWMs 
21-40, possible relationship. Photo, phone! Box 1122, Stn 
G, Calgary, T3A 3G3. 

•M A N I T B A» 

SOUTHWEST RURAL MANITOBA 

SOUTHWEST RURAL MANITOBA, 31 year old, inex- 
perienced, passive, GWM, seeking dominant muscular 
well-hung gay Hi white males for demanding weekends. A 
serious relationship is not necessary but pleasure a must. I 
am a professional but would enjoy strong, physical, erotic 
sessions with non-professionals. Some professionals bore 
me. Enjoy swimming, music, motorcycles, sports, cars and 
horseback riding. A photo appreciated and discretion 
essential. See you. Drawer F301. 

• W I N N I P E G~i 

... I NEED SOMEBODY ! 

HEY HOW ABOUT YOU. 

GWM: YOUNG THIRTIES, 5'8" 138 lbs, established, 
secure, seeks slim young GM over 1 8. If you need somebody 
that is honest, sincere, easy to talk to, and extremely 
understanding, please reply to Drawer F395. Photo? Your 
choice. I can offer more than just companionship for the 
! right person. 

• ONTARIO» 

HAVING TROUBLE FINDING a place to stay this 
September because of the shortage of student housing in 
Thunder Bay? I'm a 45 year old, 6' 175 lbs reasonably fit 
professional who has a soloution for a discreet, straight 
looking young gay male non-smoker who enjoys sex with 
older men. I'll share my house and bed with you. Your in- 
terest in bicycling, skiing, politics and travelling would be 
added assets. Drop a line telling about yourself and your 
sexual interests along with a photo and phone number to 
Drawer F406. 

GWM COUPLE, 30s, seek others, single or couple, for 
friendship, good times, sex etc. Have cottage on beach, en- 
; joy sunning, swimming and sex. Reply with photo. Box 36, 
Perkinsfield, Ontario LOL 210. 

CANADIAN INDIAN 

32, 5'7" 145 lbs. Would like to spend time with sexually ac- 
tive male to age 45. Tall, hairy, musky men turn me on. 
Phone and photo if possible. Work in Northern Ontario but 
travel to Toronto frequently. Drawer F372. 

HANDSOME, INTELLIGENT, hairy, masculine, horny, 
well-built 30 year-old top seeks adventurous action with 
muscular good looking guys. Relationship possible. Cor- 
respondence welcome, phone action OK. Relocating to 
Toronto fall '85. Reply with hot letter and pictures. Drawer 
F393^ 

• SOUTHERN ONTARIO^ 

WANTED: Friend, companion, lover. I am 25, fit, 6 ' 165 
lbs, blue eyes, brown shoulder-length hair, presently beard- 
ed. I am intelligent, caring, culturally aware, humanist, en- 
vironmentalist, enjoy people, wry humour, compassion, 
honesty, sex, walks, movies, good foods, camping etc. If in- 
terested in friendship or more, please reply with number/ad- 
dress. Drawer F339. 

BROCK GAY MALE 22, likes dancing, loves blue, likes 
kissing, loves fucking you, likes explorinr Toronto's horny 
men, wants you. Drawer F355. 

GWM 28 straight-appearing and acting, sincere, warm, 
stable, seeks another amputee or physically disabled male 
for longterm friendship or relationship. Prefer 21ish to 
31ish. Phone, photo to: c/o 312-45 Barlake Ave, Stoney 
Creek, ON L8E 3R6 or call 561-6074 evenings. 

ONE FRIEND IN LIFE is much, two are many; three are 
hardly possible. Friendship needs a certain parallelism of 
life, a community of thought, a rivalry of aim . Looking for 
penpals (any age) maybe a friend to 30. Who are sincere and 
honest. Together we can alleviate our loneliness and bring 
some sunshine intoour lives. Sparetime interests: The Arts, 
SF and mystery novels (Joseph Hansen), countryside, city 
living, reality, sociology, loafmg around, tropical fish, 
writing, board games and levis. Then write this down to 
earth, 44 year-old male, who's not afraid to admit it! Stable, 
humourous, dominate but compassionate. Gay positive 
but not a rounder. Professional (fourth estate), shift 
worker, slightly handicapped (sports accident.) Considered 
handsome, some say charismatic, Etobian. Photo (phone 
optional.) So? Are you tired of being alone, sometimes? 
Your mailbox empty (except for flyers)? Reach out, take a 
chance. All sensible replies answered. Discretion assured. 
Drawer F353. 

IS IT HARD? 

TO FIND A LOVER in Toronto and Simcoe County? Call 
Gay John for that turgid feeling and almost instant relief. 
Rep ly Drawer F386. 

CAMBRIDGE GAYS, where are you? GWM, 35, regular 
guy, non-promiscuous lifestyle, would like to meet same. 
Interests: travel, music, concerts, theatre, outdoors, good 
times, quiet evenings, levis, boots. Open to lasting relation- 
ship. Drawer F387. 

PROFESSIONALLY STABLE, sexually secure, GWM, 
32, 5'8" 140 lbs, bearded biker likes wrestling, bowling, 
mechanics, driving convertibles, back roads, alcohol, no 
drugs. Seeks Dad/brother w/own motorcycle for summer 
riding and safe sex. You arc stable, secure, paternal, hir- 
sute, 30 plus. Stratford area or riding through. Polaroid 
appreciated. Drawer F304. 



• OAKVILLE/BURLINGTON AREA 

GWM, 28, PROFESSIONAL, slim build, serious, sen- 
sitive, anxious to meet similar 28 plus GM non-smokers for 
sincere friendship with potential for monogamous, loving 
relationship. Drawer F342. 

HIRSUTE MALE WANTED 

GWM SEEKS HAIRY well built white male 22-36 for fun 
and possible relationship. I like beards and/or moustaches 
but not essential. Enjoy wine and gentle loving. Must be 
discreet. Write with P/P if possible. Those with photo get 
fastest reply. Drawer F302. 



I AM A 32-YEAR-OLD MALE, 6'4" 200lbs, lean, muscu- 
lar swimmer's body, physically fit, clean-cut, professional, 
financially secure, intelligent, sensitive, outgoing and 
stable. Looking for permanent relationship with a male who 
has similar qualities. You must also be a hunk who is a top 
man, hung and cut, 25 to 35 years old, 6' or over, masculine 
appearing and acting, no beard, no moustache. Photo and 
phone please. Drawer F212. 

ATHLETIC M ALE, 6'2" 1 80 lbs, tired of the bar and bath 
scene, seeks same under 35. Photo/phone number. Drawer 
F381. 



PHOTO: RUTHANN TUCKER 




• KITCHENER» 

ATTRACTIVEGWM,27,5'6" 130 lbs, brown hair,green 
eyes, French active, Greek passive, seeks attractive non- 
promiscuous, very well-endowed, masculine man, 25-35, 
for good times and possible relationship. Mild S/M, W/S, 
abusive talk OK with right person. Send letter, photo and 
phone. Drawer F287. 

• HAMILTON^ 

PERMANENT MONOGAMOUS lover sought by conser- 
vative, introverted GWM, 34, 5'10" 155 lbs, handsome. 
You are 32-40, intelligent, frank, unsarcastic, quiet, caring, 
clean-living, and looking for someone special to share your 
life with. No one-night-slanders please. Reply to Box 195, 
S tation B, Hamilton L8L 7V7. 

• TORONTO» 

NEED PHOTOS OF YOURSELF 

PORTRAITS, NUDES, negatives returned. Phone Studio 
16, 532-4380, inquiries welcome. Inexpensive. 9 am to 7 
pm. 

SUCCESSFUL PROFESSIONAL GWM. 38, 5' 11" 
brown hair, brown eyes, 158 lbs, seeking new friends. 1 en- 
joy movies and fun times. Discreet. Why not write and see 
what develops. Drawer F3II. 

YOUNG MALE, serious outlook, self-employed, busy, 
constructive lifestyle, enjoys swimming, arts, dining out 
and close friends. Am a fit 24, 5' 10" 155 lbs, interested in 
meeting attractive male, 25-35, muscular build, athlcticand 
cultural interests, career oriented, and willing to share self 
towards building a future together. Drawer F347. 

YOUNG MAN, 5'9" 170 lbs, medium fit build, seeks 
young male for camping and fun. Drawer F298. 



PLAY SAFE J/0 WITHME 

TORONTO MALE 37 SEEKS J/0 buddy. Hot, safe jerkoff 
fun only. Shy or worried welcome. Explore mutual fan- 
tasies. Cut, clean, discreet welcome. Drawer F348. 

VERY ATTRACTIVE, WILD, multi-dimensional artist, 
24, brown hair, blue eyes, moustache, of sound mind, true 
heart and solid fiesh seeks fun and frolicking times. Likes: 
fun people, butchly attired, hot moustachioed manimals, 
THE SETH MATERIAL, dazzling intellectual repartee, 
life as poetry. Reply Drawer F369. 

BROADMINDED MASCULINE MALE, average look- 
ing, clean, sincere, 145 lbs 5' 10", likes cuddling, seeks 
monogamous relationship with same. Looks unimportant. 
No one-nighters. I need somebody to love and I know 
you're out there. Disableds welcome. Appreciate phone 
and returnable photo. Toronto-Mississauga area. Drawer 
F37I 

ARE YOU INTO BODY WORSHIP! 

GWM, WANTS BEEFCAKE PAL, any age or race, who 
enjoys showing it off. I'm 40, 5'H" 155lbs, good shape, 
professional, educated. Interests— film, dining, travel, art, 
theatre, running, cycling, architecture and muscleboys. If 
you'd like both attention and friendship, drop a 
line. Drawer F367. 

LONELY WHITE MALE, 24, seeks oriental for gentle 
limes. I am a student, 5'7" 1 25 lbs, slim, seeking student or 
young professional. I am very discreel and health consci- 
ous. Send photo and letter and I will do same. Jeremy, 65 
Front West, N" 030-142, Toronto. ON M5J IE6. 



HOT TIMES COMING 

MALES WITH SPI RIT and a la.sic for ihccrolic, sought by 
6' 160 lb, blond, late 30s for mutual turn-on. Interests in- 
clude: leather, skin, video, the real thing, light bondage, 
cuddling. Box 312. Station J. Toronto. M4J 4Y8. 



GWM, 45, WELL-ENDOWED would like to meet blue- 
jeans or black jeans guy 2 1 -28 or in 30s for mutual pleasure 
and friendship and possible relationship. A little black 
leather turns me on a lot too. Drawer F371 . 

DOMINANT GWM 50, 5'10" 180 lbs, hairy body, clean- 
shaven, straight-appearing, can be strict but affectionate, 
seeks submissive guy into most things mentioned in these 
ads. 1 am not into heavy drinking or drugs. Drawer F370. 

BUCK MEN 

WE'RE GWM COUPLE who would like to meet you. 
Easy-going, easy to get along with. Into music, videos, 
entertaining and fun. Drop us a note if you like. Hopefully, 
there's a great summer ahead. Drawer F376. 

GAY MALE POET/artist pagan (Irish druid), 36, sHm, 
health-oriented, but not good-looking, seeks long-term 
relationship with someone with similar interests, 25-38." 
The best lovers are friends, and the best friends are lovers." 
Drawer F366. 

BLACK, ATHLETIC, ATTRACTIVE, masculine male 
professional, 31, who is fit and healthy, considerate, 
easygoing, responsible, with many interests and a sense of 
humour, seeks attractive, together, responsible, masculine 
male for friendship. Photo/phone appreciated and 
answered first. Drawer F322. 

ATTRACTIVE WM, 24, 165 lbs, seeks clean shaven mus- 
cular or lean WM to 30 for clean fun and good times. Replies 
t o "C," Box 1 128. Stn F, Toronto. ON M4Y 2T8. 

ATTRACTIVE CHINESE, 20s, seeks sincere guy, 18-38, 
for serious long term relationship. Sincere only! Photo ap- 
preciated, all answered. Drawer F201. 

A GW HIM' 'N HIM couple are seeking other singles or 
couples, any race, for good times. We're professionals, 36& 
41 , good-looking (but aren 't we all), interesting people. We 
enjoy each other but would like to share that enjoyment. As 
Auntie Mame reminded us. .."life is a banquet and most 
poor beggars are starving to death." Come, enjoy. Write 
soon and tell us about yourself. Photo would help. Drawer 
F299. 

ARE YOU CARING and understanding? If so, you're the 
person I'm looking for. I'm 32, GWM, 5'7", brown hair, 
blue eyes. I'm good-looking and keep my body in shape. I 
work for an airline and would like to meet someone who 
understands that includes I have to travel. If you can accept 
that, I'd like to meet you. I'd love to have someone to come 
home to. A photo guarantees an answer. I have no racial or 
ethnic prejudices. Drawer F290. 

ATHLETIC, FIT, SLIM, guy, 24, 5'7" 130lbs, muscular, 
established, stable, fun, sincere, discreet, honest, seeks new 
friends. Reply with phone. Drawer F288. 

ATTRACTIVE WEST INDIAN male, 19 years, 140 lbs 
5'8", slim, good shape, intelligent, outgoing, reliable. 
Seeks GWM 1 8-25 . Will service your ass. Photo and phone. 
Answers all. Reply Drawer F380. 

GOOD LOOKING GWM, 35, 5'9" 155 lbs, seeks younger 
masculine guy, 20-30, with little body hair, into camping, 
canoeing, sailing, biking, etc for friendship and possible 
relationship. Uncut definite plus but not necessity. Life is 
too great to spend in the bars. West Toronto, Mississauga. 
Photo. Drawer F379. 

ROMANTICm 

GWM, 43, black hair, green eyes, moustache, 170 lbs and 
5'U". If you are romantic, under 40, and wish to have a 
monogamous relationship with a caring, loving and sincere 
guy, please write. No drugs, dope, one-nighters or drinkers 
please. Phone/photo. Thanks. Buddy first, then sex. 
Drawer F378. 

ATTRACTIVE, NON-PROMISCUOUS, health- 
conscious professional (two university degrees) Chinese, 
25, 5'9" 145 lbs, moustache, warm, affectionate, sensitive, 
romantic, mature, stable, independent, not into bars. Seek- 
ing compatible GWM, 21-25, with similar qualities for 
sincere friendship, possible long-term monogamous rela- 
tionship. Must be non-smoker, financially secure, reliable, 
honest, loyal, masculine. Detailed letter/phone. Photo ap- 
preciated (returnable.) Discretion assured/expected. 
Drawer F35 1. 

PERMANENT, MONOGAMOUS LOVER sought by 
conservative introverted GWM. 34, 5'10" 155 lbs, hand- 
some. You are 32-40, intelligent, frank, unsarcastic. quiet, 
caring, clean-living, and looking for someone special to 
share your life with. No one-night slanders please. Reply 
Box 195. Station B, Hamilton, LJL 7V7. 

YOUNG HOT MASTER any race into fucking, wanted by 
attractive slave, 6' 155 lbs, 38 years old, into whipping 
BAD. W/S. F/F. beginners OK. Drawer F330. 

HANDICAPPED? WANT REUEF/FUN 

GWM, 33, will provide sexual relief, pleasure. Prefer very 
young handicapped Greek A/P also. Frank letter, photo 
(returned) phone for quick reply. NE Metro preferred, not 
essential. Drawer F335. 

FUN-LOVING, GOOD-LOOKING GAY male couple. 
33, 37, not into promiscuity, drugs, boo/e or smoking, 
seeking similar goi>d-looking men between 25-35 for good 
times! Reply with photo and descriptive letter. Drawer 
F359. 

GWM. 28. SLIM athletic body. 130 lbs wants to share hoi 
J/0 phone sessions with same. Send letter, photo, phone. 
Drawer K358. 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 45 



ATTRACTIVE ORIENTAL MID-20s with good body 
who is warm and sincere, seeks GWM between 28 and 38 for 
friendship and possible relationship. Photo and phone 
number appreciated. Drawer F332. 

FRIENDSHIP AND LOVE wanted and needed by a man In 
his 40s who is a nonsmoker-intelligent-loves affection-not 
afraid of committment. Enjoys life. Drawer F363. 

ATTRACTIVE YOUNG BODYBUILDER masculine 
straight looking, in 20s. needs other bodybuilder to 30 for 
sweaty workouts. Not into bar scene. Photo, phone. 
Drawer F362. 

GWM 22 SEEKS attractive, submissive, oriental, hairy 
GWM, flexible in bed with receptive ass, for hot love ses- 
sions. Photo and own Toronto apartment a must. Drawer 
F361. 

GWM, 24, 6'H", semi-handsome, non-smoker. I'm sen- 
sitive and independent. Sincerely want to meet a mature 
male, 24 to 30s, who feels that bars and terrific looks are 
least important. Must be serious and needs like myself a one 
on one relationship based on love and caring for one 
another. Drawer F352. 

TOP MAN, CREATIVE mind/demanding body. 6" 155 
lbs, 48, married, seeks slim submissive buddy. Your place. 
My leather. Our pleasure. Total discretion. Drawer F354. 

HOT TIMES ROMANCE 

GWM, 35, PROFESSIONAL businessman, attractive, 6' 
155 lbs, seeks masculine male 21-35 for romance and hot 
times, possible permanent relationship. Discretion 
assured, denim and leather welcome but not necessary. 
Masculine men only. Photo and phone if possible. Drawer 
F357. 

UNCUT MASCULINE GUY 37, 5'9" 165 lbs, with big 
cock wants long J/O sessions with construction worker type 
with big uncut cock and big balls. Straight, bi OK. Drawer 
F349. 

I SEEK A STRONG man with heart, intelligence and im- 
agination who is interested in trying to forge a committed 
relationship. Someone masculine, but not invulnerable, in 
good shape or getting there, positive and with integrity. I'm 
36, 5'8" 140 lbs, blue eyes. Sexually, I am an experienced 
bottom into leather, denim, boots, B&D, S&M who needs a 
Topman to explore and expand my limits, but who isn't 
afraid of affection and romance. Someone health conscious 
and non-promiscuous. Outside of the sexual arena, I am 
self-reliant in career, talented, with many outside interests. 
Take a chance. Photo optional. Drawer F403. 

MUSCLE BUDDY WANTED 

GWM, 31, 6'2" 178 lbs, seeks weight-lifting training part- 
ner. Would enjoy naked work-outs with home weights or 
regular gym attendance. Optional tum-ons TT, S/M, B/D. 
Drawer F398. 

GWM, 28, 6' 165 lbs, blond/moustache, educated (2 
degrees), self-employed (3 businesses), dynamic, fun, 
humourous and outgoing. I want a permanent relation- 
ship— no one-nighi stands. However, I am selective: you 
must be 25-32, intelligent, ambitious, down-to-earth and 
patient enough to make a friend. Interests include: camp- 
ing, fmance, antiques, travel. Respectable, sincere persons 
are invited to call 887-9434. 

COOD-LOOKING FASHIONABLE Chinese male, 24, 
5'9" 138, brown hair, eyes, straight acting, fun-loving 
adventurous. Seeks WM to 30 for get-togethers, possible 
relationship. Candid replies with phone to Box 1 128, Stn F, 
Toronto, M4Y 2T8. 

UKES BIG TITS ON GUYS 

TORONTO-GWM, 38, 5' 10" 180, blond, loves chubby 
guys with big tits and horny nipples, 18-45. Photo ap- 
preciated, answer guaranteed. Drawer F4I8. 

J/O ENTHUSIASTS 

MALE, 22, ATTRACTIVE, seeks buddy 18 to 30 years 
old. Stroke yours for me and I'll stroke mine for you! 

ARE YOU A YOUNG PROFESSIONAL 

WELL PUT TOGETHER in both mind and body looking 
for a mentor, dad? Film maker seeking right lover to help 
"grow" and flourish. Drawer F409. 

ATTRACTIVE COUPLE, clean, healthy, physically fit 
seeking someof the city's finest married, bi, singles, couples 
into uniforms/leather for occasional get-togethers. Com- 
plete discretion guaranteed. Will answer all replies. Drawer 
F423. 

WATERSPORTS 

THE FOUNTAIN OF YOUTH does exist. GWM, 30, 
hung, uncut, good build, cleanshaven. Have downtown 
apartment. Would like to meet well-endowed beer drinkers 
for wet times. Light S/M, smoke, poppers, hot videos. 
Member of NY Golden Showers Association and Rain- 
makers. Photo and phone appreciated but not necessary. 
Drawer F306. 

NON-GHETTO-DWELLING professional guy, 
moustache, hairy chest, macho appearance seeks similar 
for permanent living-together relationship. Likes classical 
music, leather, 18 East, moustaches. Dislikes pop music, 
smoking, gay ghettos, wimps. Many varied interests in- 
cluding computers, model making, languages, playing 
musical instruments. Own house near zoo with piano, 
organ, home gym and well-equipped workshop. Serious 
replies only— no one-nighters. Drawer F408. 



44 • THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 



GOOD— HUMOURED and straight-acting man in late40s 
, 5'9" 155 lbs, who enjoys music, theatre, movies, travel 
and skiing, would like young friend. Photo/phone ap- 
preciated. Drawer F397. 

MONOGAMOUS LOVER SOUGHT by GWM out-going 
34, 6'2" 185 lbs. Handsome. You are 25-40, intelligent, 
sincere, witty, clean-living, emotionally honest who enjoys 
evenings out or cuddling at home. No one-nighters. Drawer 
F416. 

MUSCULAR ATHLETE OR bodybuilder wanted. You 
will be used for discipline, humiliation, bondage. Your 
limits respected. No sex required. Novices, marrieds OK. 
Very discreet. Drawer F415. 

MALE 37 SLIM, artistic seeks sincere male to build lasting, 
loving relationship, mutual support, good sex, planning, 
dreaming life together. Drawer F414. 

SLIM AND SENSUOUS GWM, 5'9" 148 seeks manly top- 
man for long term, un-ordinary relationship. I am multi- 
faceted, artist, love children, easy going, honest, educated 
but individualistic, poor, attractive, vibrant, no grey and 
40. Am interested in a winsome, taller man, possibly beard- 
ed, intelligent, creative, caring, muscular, physically pas- 
sionate and has own interests. Hot bodied and spiritually 
minded replyto Drawer F413. 

WILUNG TO SERVE? 

ATTRACTIVE HEAVYSET MASTER looking for bot- 
toms to serve my needs for S/M, FF, WS, shaving and toilet 
training. Applicants must be healthy, attractive and well en- 
dowed. State your needs, photo and phone. Drawer F4I 1 . 

NEED A FRIEND 

ARE YOU 25-35 and looking for a relationship with an 
older financially secure GWM? I live in a downtown condo 
and enjoy all the good things Toronto has to offer. I am very 
affectionate and hope to meet a cultivated professional 
clean-shaven GWM for love and possible permanent com- 
panionship. Photo appreciated and returned on request. 
Drawer F422. 

"FATHER" 40s 5'10" 168 lbs, good appearance, ex- 
teacher, sincere understanding, but strict when necessary, 
seeks "son" needing occasional woodshed-type discipline. 
Ideal would be student or similar who has recognized a need 
for caring firmness. Drawer F42I. 

HERPES? I didn't ask for it, neither did you. Maybe we 
should talk. I'm 31, 6'4" 195, enjoy photography, camp- 
ing, skiing and hot videos. Drawer F402. 

WATER SPORTS-GOLDEN showers, re-cycled beer. 
GWM, 38, 6' 150 lbs, seeks men into mutual wet times. 
Detailed reply, photo appreciated. Drawer F405. 

BLACK, ATTRACTIVE, masculine male, muscular, 
swimmer's body, very well-hung, intelligent, sensitive, out- 
going and stable. Seeking monogamous relationship with 
male of similar qualities. You must be a bottom man 25 to 
33 years old. Photo and phone appreciated. Drawer F404. 

WHERE ARE YOU EDDIE SPENCER? 

I HAVE LOOKED everywhere. Would like to hear from 
you or anyone knowing your whereabouts. Bob, Box 241 1 , 
Kitchener ON N2H 6M3. 

I SERVICE HOT, horny, masculine guys. Jay, 762-3848 . 

BLACK IS THE COLOUR of my true love's skin, but 
where, oh where is he? Good-looking, sincere, responsible, 
professional white male, mid 30s, 5' 10" 155, seeks athletic, 
masculine black guy who has his act together, is easygoing 
and considerate, and would like to really enjoy life with a 
special friend. Phone, photo appreciated for quick reply. 
Thanks. Drawer F399. 

LOOKING FOR A SPECIAL MALE 

PARTNERTOMEETONaregular basis, prefer well-built 
over 160 lbs, well-endowed. I am a mature, clean, very plea- 
sant GWM. Like most sex plays including rubber and FF. 
Not into bars and rags. If interested, contact MW, Box 283, 
2 75 King St E, Toronto, ON M5A 1K2. 

HYPNOTIST WANTED 

OUTWARDLY MASCULINE MALE, 46, working on 
Master's degree in Oral Engineering, seeks professional 
hypnotist to make me get the big one down and keep it down 
for two or three hours. Box 334, Station K, Toronto, ON 
M4P 2G8. 

DISCREET CLEAN 43, very well-hung, enjoys giv- 
ing/receiving full French. LOvely buns, interested being 
passive for Greek, daytime best. Older men preferred. Will 
also pose nude. Drawer F40I. 

ONE TO ONE RELATIONSHIP 

I'M 50, NOT finished looking for a friend, lover, compa- 
nion who is a big, butch, dominant, agressive, lop man. I'm 
a small in every way bottom type. I'm into sweaty bodies 
and jock straps and I want to experience dominance, bon- 
dage among many things, all in private with one man. I also 
like walking, swimming, wrestling and home life. Love af- 
fection, giving and receiving. This is not an ad for a one- 
nighl stand or instant sex. Sincere replies only. Drawer 
F385. 

HOT ASS NEEDS W0RK0UT1 

ATTRACTIVE GWM, 32 years, 5'7" 150lbs, moustache, 
good build, seeks Greek active hung studs for fun times. 
Send photo and number. Drawer F384. 

GWM, 31, blond hair, blue eyes, professional seeks 
masculine guy 21-25 for friendship, possible relationship. 
Race not important. I enjoy weekends at the cottage, 
reading and going to movies. Photo appreciated and return- 
ed. Drawer F383. 



OPEN-MINDED STUDENT 24, 6'3" 184 lbs. Interests 
from Monty Python to scuba diving. Seeking intelligent, 
warm, fun, close male friend, 21-30. Drawer F382. 

I'M SINCERE, HEALTHY, bright, monogamous, warm, 
positive and presentable. I enjoy laughter, friends, my 
career, travel, running, long walks, etc. I am not interested 
in the bar scene or casual sex. I 'm 3 1 years old, 5'8" 1 30 lbs 
and have dark hair and beard. Phone and photo ap- 
preciated. Drawer F392. 

ARTICULATE. DISCREET, INTELLIGENT married 36 
year old GWM seeks friendly arrangement with similar 
married 25-40. Write to Boxholder, Box 395, Stn 0, 
Toronto. I'll reply August 12. 

MUST DO WINDOWS 

TWO GWM ROOMMATES, 30s, summon a maid to 
neaten old Victorian house (scene only.) Individual room 
service expected. Ferns welcome. Candidates must be under 
25, smooth, trim body, obedient, tidy, and hot. Applicants 
should include qualifications. Drawer F396. 

QUIET, SERIOUS-MINDED male, 42, fairiy attractive, 
5'7" 150 lbs, whose interests include movies and books, 
would like to meet a similar male who believes that a friend- 
ship which is based on more than sex is possible. Drawer 
F388. 

BUCK LOVER WANTED 

TALL, FAIR, FIT, reasonably attractive male seeks inter- 
racial relationship with someone, probably in thirties, who 
practices mutual respect and has hopes for more than a one- 
night stand. Call 656-4521 (except 2-25 August) or write 
Drawer F389. 

WRESTLING GWM 29, slim, short, interested in wrest- 
ling, total novice. Seeks other beginners or experienced guys 
willing to "teach". All replies answered. Drawer F390. 

• S H A W A • 

YGM, 25, 5'8" 125 lbs, office worker, sincere, stable, lone- 
ly , likes quiet life, loves Golden Horseshoe but enjoys camp- 
ing in rural areas on weekends. Seeks friendship and possi- 
ble relationship. Any nationality, okay. Brains more im- 
portant than looks. E.D. Drawer F391. 



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GAY MALE 
shaven men. 


, 29, attractive 
Write Box 2197 


and friendly. I prefer clean- 
, Kingston ON K7L 5J9. 







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WARM, SINCERE, GIVING guy, attractive and stable, 
interesting and active, mid-forties, not into the typical gay 
scenes, looking for younger guy to share with. Willing to of- 
fer emotional and financial assistance. Good opportunity 
for the right guy. No drugs, out of town invited. Reply 
Drawer F070. 

OTTAWA, 40, 6' 1 " 175 lbs, not looking for lover but occa- 
sional meetings and friendship. Married welcome, good 
build , large cock preferred . Discretion. Write Drawer F2 1 8. 

SINCERE GAY MALE, 40, average build, self-employed, 
would like to hear from male under 25 for possible relation- 
ship. You should have interest in business and travel and 
not into drugs. Send photo and phone if possible. Drawer 
F313. 

OTTAWA AREA GUY 

MASCULINE GWM. I am 27, 6'2". I work out with 
weights regularly and am in good shape. I am straight look- 
ing, affectionate and sincere. I have a variety of interests 
which include music and bike riding. I would like to meet a 
similar male to 30 years for friendship and possibly a rela- 
tionship. Photo appreciated and discretion assured. 
Drawer F308. 

NEW TO CITY, seeking men into rubber, leather, raunchy 
scenes, switching roles. I am 35, hairy, hefty, honest, cudd- 
ly, healthy. Send detailed letter, photo, phone to Drawer 
F337. 

SPANKINGS.. .Fair haired 32, 140 lb delinquent with 
smooth, hairless bottom requires sizzling attention. ..Also 
enjoys giving spankings to guys needing it. Have car: Ot- 
tawa, Smith Falls, Kingston, Montreal areas preferred. 
Send explicit descriptive letter to Drawer F324. 

OTTAWA CUWMASTER 

GWM 26 CLEAN SHAVEN straight-looking and acting, 
5'9" 170 lbs, good build, seeks same for pro wrestling style 
bouts for exercise and fun. Photo and your wrestling fan- 
tasy to Drawer F350. Discretion a must. 

• Q U E B E C • 

HOLIDAYS IN QUEBEC CITYI 

35-6-145 NICE PARISIAN living in Q-C. Invites young 
trim healthy travellers (under 25) for love and tourism in La 
Belle Province. Only restrictions-no beard, no moustache. 
Bern ard, 418-687-1126. 

• MONTREAL* 



GWM, GRADUATE STUDENT, seeks companion to 35 
for soirees at Place des Arts, cycling etc. I'm 28, 5'8" 148 
lbs, bearded and affectionate. If you're also masculine, 
bearded, affectionate and posess varied interests, let's get 
together. Drawer F412. 

YOUNG, ATHLETIC, FRIENDLY French man learning 
English would like to meet English-speaking people to share 
fun limes together (cinema, cycling, jogging) Write CP 26, 
S ucc Westmount, Quebec H3Z 2T1. 

• H A L I F A X • 

PROFESSIONAL NEAR HALIFAX would like to share 
intimate moments with someone honest, sincere and has 
love to share. Discretion imperative. Drawer F375. 

LIVING NEAR HALIFAX. Middle-aged and love- 
starved. F. A, G/P. Would like to meet someone younger, 
well-built, honest, mature, while I can still get it up. 
Renumeration considered for the right person. Reply only if 
sincere. Drawer F377. 

•NEWFOUNDLAND* 

LEATHER SUVE SEEKS MASTER 

WELL-TRAINED SLAVE interested in correspondence 
and long, hot leather scenes. When visiting St John's, don't 
leave your toys at home. Box 591, Stn C, St John's, NF 
AlC 5K8. Experienced only. 



MODELS & ESCORTS 


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GOLDENBOY ESCORTS 

BEAUTIFUL MEN WITH BEAUTIFUL BODIES. 
Reasonable rates in/out calls 24 hours. 424-5455. 


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MONTREAL CANADA. French speaking, honest gay 
male, in business, like outdoors, quiet life and cities, enjoy 
travelling, has good sense of humour, social, gentle, 
discreet, sensible, healthy, love animals, fully alive, enjoys 
outside dinners, open minded. Welcome decent, attractive 
men 1 6-22 years old to visit my home and Swiss Chalet, will 
give hospitality and good times, to enjoy the finer things of 
life. Answer and a recent photo, please, a must. Andre, Box 
115, Stn R, Montreal, H2S 3K6. Telephone 
1-514-277-7834. 



TORONTO ESCORTS AND MODELS 

FULFILL YOUR FANTASIES. Lean muscular 26, 5' 11" 
170, masculine, clean cut man available as escort and/or 
model. Call Rick: 531-6976. 

COMPETITIVE BODYBUILDER. 50" chest. 18" arms, 
31" waist, 28" thighs, 18" calves. Well-built and defined. 
Call Roger 362-8982. 

GOLDENBOY MASSAGE AGENCY 

MASSEURS AND MODELS, 18-28. Service to hotels and 
homes. AMEX MC/VISA and cheques. 

APPLICANTS NEEDED. 
416-283-3160. 

ENJOY TOUR TORONTO'S GAY SPOTS 

WITH A COMPETENT,friendly, spontaneous, most at- 
tractive, unique male escort. (Also model, unforgettable 
massage.) Follow the leader. G. Tours, 922-8484. 

HOT TORONTO NIGHTS! MODEL 

HOT, HORNY, HUNG. GBM,available for discreet ses- 
sions, leather or not. Videos, toke, fantasies, toys. Photo, 
phone— recieves reply. Drawer F248. 

TWO ATTRACTIVE GAY WOMEN, 22 and 24, available 
for personal escort. Leave message for Helen or Cheryl: 
6 90-7035. 

TORONTO'S FINEST 

TWO HOT ATHLETIC MALES 21 and 22, available for 
model and escort. Call 964-81 13. 

HOT LEAN MUSCULAR masculine man available as 
model/escort. Duane, 920-1428. 

HOT TORONTO NIGHTS! MODEL 

HOT, HORNY, HUNG. GBM. Available for discreet ses- 
sions, leather or not. Videos, toke, fantasies, toys. Photo, 
phone-receives reply. BOX 1312 STN F, TORONTO, ON 
M4Y 2V9. 

COLLEGE STUD 

SUPERHUNG ATHLETIC INTELLECTUAL and good 
looking student needs help with expenses. Experienced 
escort-professional model. Mike. 766-6996. 

A BRIGHT. GOOD-LOOKING student. 22 years old, 
honest and discreet, seeks position as escort. Call Steve 
9 61-4680. 

TORONTO'S FAVOURITE ESCORT: Roger. 5' 1 1" 155 
lbs. hot, handsome, uninhibited. Call 921-2614, noon to 
2am . 

"PAPER ROUTE TO MODELLING" 

AMBITIOUS TROJAN seeks an evening opportunity. 
Aldon, 922-8484. When only the best will do. 

CALIFORNIA TITLE-HOLDING bodybuilder now 
available for escort work and private modelling. Call Paul, 
2 4 hours. 860-1065. 

BLACK MALE MODEL available for escort service. 
Downtown, in/out. Minimum $50. 920-7913, or Box 1042, 
S tn F. Toronto. 

SUBMISSIVE MALE ESCORT available for hot times. 
Sir, let me help you fulfill your fantasy. 73 1 -85 1 8, evenings. 
Sir 

CLEAN-CUT, HANDSOME, athletic young man 
available for personal model/escort services. 469-8144. 



D O 



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THE MUNICIPALITY 
OF METROPOLITAN TORONTO 

BY-LAW No. 103—78. 
Respecting the manageaient of Metropolitan parks. 

The Council of The Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto HEREBY 
^ ENACTS as follows: 

1. In this by-law, 

(a) "Commissioner" means the Parks Commissioner for The Mu- 
nicipality of Metropolitan Toronto; or in his absence or Inca- 
.city or if that position is vacant, the Director of Park 
•ing, Projects and Development; 

'J means th 



, excavated earth, 
knife, slingshot or other weapon or fireworks, provid( 
arrows nxay be brought into a park where an area or areas are posted 
for archery. 

(6) Clause (b) of subsection (1) shall not apply to the sale in 
Exhibition Place of any genuine admission ticket to any authorized 
event at Exhibition Place, at a price equal to or less than the price 
"printed thereon. 

4. No person shall in any park 

. (a) enter into any lagoon, pool, pond, stream, river, lake or any 
other body of water not designated as a swimming area; 

(b) enter or remain therein without being properly clothed, and 
for the purposes hereof "properly clothed" includes the wear- 
ing of an appropriate bathing suit or other beach attire; 



(c) dress, undress or be in a state of imdress except in the places 
sxjecifically provided for the purpose of changing clothes; 

(d) loiter in a washroom, bathhorise or bathing station, or conduct 
himself in such a manner as to be objectionable to other 
patrons or the public; 

(e) bring to or use at, or permit to be brought to or used at, any 
beach or the waters adjacent thereto, any underwater spear 
or shooting device or inflatable object; 

(f ) being a male person enter any portion of any washroom, bath- 
house or bathing station set apart for the use of female per- 
sons, or being a female person, enter any portion of any wash- 
room, bathhouse or bathing station set apart for the use of 
male persons. 



le manag 
poration", is hereby repeal 

By-law No. 87-69, as amended, being a By-law "To regiilate 
trafllc on roads in park lands owned, managed or controlled by The 
Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto", is hereby repealed. 

3. This By-law shall be deemed to have come into effect on the 
23rd day of Jime, 1978. 

ENACTED AND PASSED this Sth day of September, A.D. 1978. 



W. J. LOTTO, 

Metropolitan Clerk. 

(Corporate Seal) 



PAUL V. GODFREY, 

Chairmar 



Beach bylaw bingo! 



Anyone can play 

— but if you read 

between the lines, 

wu'llfind the rules 

lacked in favour of 

vody clean fun that 

may not be quite 

your brand 



The World Guide to Nude Beaches and 
Recreation lists almost 200 nude beach- 
es in different parts of the world, in 
places as diverse as Texas, Quebec and Greece. 
But those few brave souls who perenially bare 
their bums in places like Toronto Island's 
Hanlan's Point have as yet been unable to con- 
vince the city authorities to put Toronto on the 
nude beach map. Nude sunbathing is prohibited 
by Section 170 of the Criminal Code, and by this 
bylaw regulating behaviour in public parks. 

Bylaws often seem to deal with the most trivial 
things. But they also tend to reflect the spirit of a 
community and its governors. City governments 
are more easily influenced by the sway of public 
opinion. A few cranky ratepayers will send an al- 
derperson scurrying to meet their equally cranky 
demands. 

The only sight which is possibly more innocu- 
ous than a hooker, or hustler, plying his or her 
trade on a city street, is a nude sunbather on a 
beach. Both tend to raise the self-righteous indig- 
nation of the moralist. 

The Municipality of Toronto's Bylaw No 
103-78, provides an interesting glimpse at the 
preoccupations of those involved in "the man- 
agement of Metropolitan parks." The word 
"management" conjures up visions of tree plan- 
ting and lawn watering, in fact, the bylaw regu- 
lates public safety and morality. I Jke most pieces 



of legislation, the bylaw seems wordy and overly 
specific. But beneath the legalese and the redun- 
dancies, we get a good sense of just how our city 
parks are perceived. 

It is clear in the case of nude sunbathing that 
the protectors of morality have won hands down. 
Witness the bylaw regulation behaviour on pub- 
lic beaches. At first, the rhetoric of this bylaw ap- 
pears to be one of safety and good order. Sections 
(a) and (e) deal with swimming safety. There are 
good reasons to protect swimmers from under- 
water spears, even if Lake Ontario has yet to be 
properly appreciated by spear-fishing congni- 
scenti. The prohibition against "inflatable ob- 
jects" is presumably a water-safety regulation, 
since few who have inflatable sex-dolls have been 
known to use them as bathing companions. 

But one need not dig too deeply to see that the 
bylaw is aimed, quite clearly, at the handmaiden 
of order and safety: morality. Witness section 
(b). The phrase "appropriate bathing suit or 
other beach attire" is delightfully prissy: beach 
attire conjuring up visions of wide-brimmed sun 
hats, Esther Williams floral bathing caps, and 
that garment known as the beach "cover-up" 
(linguistic kissing cousin to that hateful word, 
which describes another beach accessory, the 
tote-bag). And, of course, the word "appropri- 
ate" in legalese lends lo assure discrctionar> 
(read discriminatory) enforcement. 

While it's not difficult lo figure out who the 
provisions against loitering in paragraph (d) arc 
aimed against, I wonder what the general public 



would think about it. Long after I had begun to 
loiter, I still hadn't figured out just what sips 
against loitering were about. I had always assum- 
ed that the prohibition against loitering grew out 
of a non-sexual part of the Protestant Work 
Ethic, that it was aimed against laziness, that it 
was a crime of the same order as playing games 
oii Sunday. Knowing that "thou shall not loiter' ' 
is synonymous with "thou shall not cruise wash- 
rooms" gives new meaning to the maxim, "The 
devil makes work for idle hands." A no loitering 
sign is, of course, the best clue as to whether 
there's action, police and otherwise, in a facility. 

Paragraph (0, which warns against co-ed 
washrooms caused me to smile until 1 remem- 
bered how much mileage anti-ERA forces got 
when they conjured up the spectre of equal rights 
for women meaning washrooms would not lon- 
ger be sex-segregated. 

In the summer of 1936 during a heat wave, 30 
men were arrested at Toronto's Sunnyside beach 
and charged by the police with indecent expo- 
sure. This brazen bunch, whom we might call the 
"Sunnyside 30," were caught with their pants 
down only in the figurative sense. They were 
wearing swimming trunks, but these were so 
scanty as lo have revealed ihcir naked chests. # 



Craig Patterson and Alan O'Connor 



THE BODY POLITIC • AUGUST 1985 • 47 




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