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350 zap Vancouver cops p. 1 • Gay teachers on the movefr. 4 
Flaunting itp.24« Dykesp.10* Comicsp.25« Classifieds p. 26 




CAY LIBERATION JOURNAL 

Long lost documents 

reveal Freud 




NEWS 



Vancouver 



350 demand end to police harassment 



Over 360 gays and i heir supporters con- 
fronted Vancouver police at an April 6 
public meeting called by police to 
discuss' prostitutes andotner unsavory 
characters' whouseOavieSlreetin 
Vancouver'sWestEnd Gays over- 
whelmed the attempt by police to 
manipulate public sentiment in support 
ot their increased campaign against 
homosexuals, challenging the police 
record of gay harassment , and eventually 
causing (he police to walkout of their 
own meeting. 

Gays had been alerted lot he meeting 
by leaflets distributed in the clubs by the 
Gay Alliance Toward Equality <GATE|and 
Ihe Society lor Education, Action. 
Research and Counselling on 
Homosexuality (SEARCH) What police 
had expected to beaquiet "discussion" 
among 50 personsdrew over 400 tothe 
Wesl End Community Cenlre. 

First indicalionol the pro-gay lurn the 
meeting was lo take was the thunderous 
applause which accompanied I he ap- 
pearance of the GATE banner on the 
stage behi nd the police head table. 
Police carefully avoided explicit reference 
lo gays In their opening remarks. 
Finally the impatient audience inter- 
rupted Ihe police monologue, and started 
the discussion with questions and 
statements condemning recent police 
harassment 

One gay protested that he had been 
arrested at English Bay lor "doing 
something which il it had been with a 
member of theoppositesex would have 
been totally overlooked." Others 
challenged police priorities which waste 
taxpayers' money on persecuting gays 
torklssing, holding hands and olher vic- 
timless "crimes," while murder and 
break tns go unsolved. Speaker after 
speaker documented Instances ol police 
harassment in the clubs, beachesandon 
(he streets. Pol ice were challenged as to 
their aulhorlly to call a public meeting lo 
I amass public support lor theiraclions. 
Police were booed when they denied 
that fhey were harassing gays, but were 
merely enforcing the law "Enforcing 
selectively." gays shouled. The police 
suggestion that any complaints should 
bedirecled to the Mayor and the Police 
Commission were drowned out by jeers 
and catcalls, 

Vancouver's new mayor, Jack Volrtch 
has publicly linked himself with the 
stepped- up campaign against gays. In 
March hecalled lor the closing of clubs 
in the Davie Street area which "cater to 
the homosexual crowd." He virtually 
gave civic sanction to the victimization 
andbrutalizationof gays In the West End 
which have escalated in the past six 
months 

Since January, plainclothes police 
using entrapment havearrested over 100 
gays on morals charges primarily in the 
English Bay area A Utile used by-law 
closingcity parks at 1000 pm has been 
used to intimidate gays with loitering 
charges. 

Then on April 1, police swept through 
gay clubs in a well co-ordinated arrest of 
34gaywomenandmenonminordrugof- 
lenses related to amy I nitrateand 
marijuana 

Before the meet i ng. GATE members 
distributed a leallet entitled "Gays will 
, not beScapegoated,' documenting 
these developments It said in part; 
'DavieSIreel/sunpleasant However 
gays and other people who are driven 
i here are noi responsible for this state of 
affairs where human relations are 
reduced to buy and sell and competition. 
Gays have no control over Davie Street 
Gay people go there to socialize because 
we have lew alternatives in art anli-gay 
society Poor women are forced to sell 
thel r bodies in order to survive, and high 
unemployment, especially among youth. 
drive young men to prostitution Those 
el ty of ficiais and developers who sei I 
righteously wring their hands are them- 
selves the ones who nave created Oavie 
Street through distorted priorities which 




put real estate prof lis ahead ot human 
need." 

The audience was generally sym- 
pathetic to the complaints raised by 
proslilutes and transvest lies who also 
attended Ihe meeting. "Proslilutes band 
together lor protection Irom beatings." 
said one woman. The verbal and physical 
abuse they receive Irom police Include 
policedrtvlng cars up onto sidewalks 
inaltemplstodisperse them. Complaints 
to police supervisors only result in f ur- 
Iher abuse, she pointed out. 



One young transexual said lhat social 
attitudes lorce him Into prostitution to 
makea living. "Doyou think we can get 
work?" he said. 

At one point police Ined todilf use the 
gay protest by agreeing toa suggestion 
from the floor that ihey talk later with 
gays In'thelrown" meeting. Although a 
handful of gays left at this point, the 
ma|onty rejected Ihe vague promise and 
continued to challenge the police record 
in the open, public gathering. 

Their ideas overwhelmingly rejected. 



Ihe police unilaterally ended the 
meeting, protesting that some had come 
"to use this meeting for their own pur- 

In view of the continuing harrassment 
of the Vancouvergay community, GATE 
is planning strategy to keep the issue 
belore the public. GATE is building sup- 
port for a mass demonstration to be held 
at the Georgia Street Court House on 
June 4. 

by Robert Cook G 



March for free abortion gets gay support 



Aconlingent of twenty-five gay men ana 
lesbians participated April 2 in ademon- 
stration here demanding free abortion. 
The gay contingent was organized by the 
Association pour les Droits desGai(e)s 
du Quebec (ADGO). 

ADGQ, a Montreal gay liberation or- 
ganization, had distributed and postered 
several hundred leaflets in Ihe gay com- 
munity, calling on gays to participate in 
the march. 



and sex roles; since we are involved in 
parallel struggles — forclvil rights and 
the right tocontrol our bodies, since les- 
bians will only be free when women are 
tree; since some lesbians are also 
mothers; since the same Criminal Code 
which oppresses women by denying 
them free abortion also oppresses 
gays." 

About a thousand people took part in 
the spirited protest , and marched several 
miles through snow and rain. 

Sponsored by twenty-" 




Montreal g«y» led by ADGO marching in support ol abort Ion reform on April Z 



groups and an equal number ol other 
organizations, thedemonslratlon repre- 
sented the first ma|or public action for the 
right toabortion in several years, and was 
oneof Ihe most united women's 
liberation protests ever held in Quebec. 

OnMarchS, the opening day of the 
new session of the Quebec National 
Assembly and International Women's 
Day. the women's groups presenteda 
manifesto ("We'll have the children i hal 
we want") to the PQ government. 

The Montreal demonstration was 
called to support Ihe demands of Ihe 
manifesto, which urged ihe Levesque 
government to force Ottawa to repeal the 
Canadian abortion laws. It also called on 
the PQ government lo establish immed- 
i ai el y the necessary services so that 
abortion Is accessible toall women. And 
it demanded that the cost ol abortions be 
covered by Quebec medicare, like any 
other medical procedure. 

The manifesto underlined lhat, ol Ihe 
1 0,000 to 25,000 Quebecois women who 
undergo abort ions each year, less than 
5.000 are able to do so legally. 

From i he very beginning oil he pre- 
parations for the April 2 protest, 
lesbians played an important role. For 
example, oneof ihe original signatories 
ofthemanlfestowasCoopFemmes — a 
Montreal lesbian organization — and 
many lesbians participated as 
marshalson the me/ch 

by Stuart Russell 



Body Politic/ \ 



EDITORIAL/LETTERS 




Taking liberties 



in our April issue, we publicized the existence ol acensorship committee set up by 
the Periodical Distributors ot Canada. We pointed out that the three people on the 
commltteetArnoldEdlnborough.j.fl.N Sintzel and Tobi Levi nson) are making 
decisionsaboutwhai you aregoingtogel a chance to read Wepointedout that a 
small Canadian magazine had died because the committee had advised against 
distributing It, and their distributor followed lhat advice. Wepointedout that the 
committee's standards are unknown, and that there appears to be no appeal possible 
once lhelr decision is made. 

We brought this mailer to thealtentlon of ihe Canadian Civil Liberties Association 
(CCLA). We thought, perhaps naively, lhat interference with free access lo Infor- 
mation was a question ot civil liberties. 
We were told II wasn't. Not.ai least, when it Is practised by a' private business.' 
Allan Slrader, a lawyer with Ihe CCLA. doesn't feel this is aclvil liberties issue. Nor 
does he feel Ihere Is anything 'improper' about what they redoing. The CCLA reser- 
ves lis strengths lor battles with government censors. 

The PDC is simply a private business lhat has set upan advisory board. Any 
business can do that It'sgoodouswessiodothal. If dress designers can have a 
fashion board advise Ihem to lower hems an inch this year, why can't periodical 
distributors have a board toadvise them what todistribute this month? 
The logic is unassailable. 

But we think this Is oneol those times when you |ettlson logic in favor of some 
simple good sense 

In oursyslem.muchexchangeot opinion occurs via Ihe marketplace. There is 
simply no formal 'public (or um' system whereby Issues of moment can be debated 
and considered Much ol that happens In magazines and newspapers that, yes, have 
tobe purchased Not the best of systems maybe, but It's Iheone we have. 

When a small groupof people start taking liberties with that system, they are taking 
llbertiesawayfromus. Ilthemarkelplacelsoneof the ma|or public forums, if that is 
Ihe place we must turn to for the broadest publlcdebate on any Issue. If that is where 
we must go lo consider variety of opinion, then Interference In thai marketplace does 
become a mailer of Interference wllh civil liberties. To Insist that this is just another 
'private business' exercising Ihe same rlghls as any olher pnvale business is merely a 
game with logical categories. 

Prlvafe business has no mote right todeclde what you're going to read or see than 
govern men I does 

The CCLA Is willing to take up arms against government censorship. Bui 
business censorship goes unchallenged 

Make you wonder which is therea//y Important power In our society? 

STRUCTURE: when the going gets tough 

Some key supporters of Ihe John Damlen case met recently in Toronto toconfer on 
strategy matters. 

They easily agreed toseek higher visibility before Ihe non-gay public. 

They disagreed, however, on many particulars. Mosl of Ihese deal! with the 
relation ol the Committee to Defend John Oamlen to Ihe organized gay movement, 
andhow thai lelationwill be presented lonon-gays. Noclear agreements were 
reached. Many hard feelings arose. 

What was disturbing about (his meeting, lous, was not Ihe tad ol disagreement. 
Goodness knows, political eflorts always involve disagreements! We were disturbed, 
rather, by thenearlytolal absence of structure There was no shared definition of 
Commiliee membership, no rules of order, no firm notion about Ihe way this 
meeting's decisions would af feci the Committee. 

For two successful years Ihe Commiliee has operaled very informally II has raised 
over S20,000lopay the lawyers who are valiantly fight Ing against the resourcesof On- 
lar 10 s governing Big Blue Machine It has presented the case compellingly to gay 
groups from Halifax to Vancouver, and obiained cross-country support. All 
Informally 

Butnowli'slntheBigTIme. It needs— requires! — an equltableand under- 
standable structure 

Damien's main supporters, members of Ihe Canadian gay movement, are ac- 
customed to strateglcdisagreemenls. They know that only a clear organizational 
structure can hold a group logether when Ihe going gets tough. 

We urge Ihe Committee loestablishaconslitution lhat unambiguously defines 
membership, purposes, and njlesof order This should be donebefore it goes to the 
National Conference InSaskaloonlhls summer to seek yel further support. 

Then allot us could gel onabout our double business: winning John Damien's 
reinstatement and |ob protections tor all gay people 



Informed and infuriated "Clap Trap" Rap 



Issue 32 is among Ihe besl e 
myself boih informed and infuriated by 
your bold handling of the censorship 
threat ilhank you lor not disavowing por- 
no) and Ihe VD protection coverup 

At Ihe risk ol sounding like a 
patronizing Yankee, which I hope I'm not, 
I think TBPpresents the most important 
poll! leal perspective of any publication 
or organ i za l ion in North America. 
Lyall 
Ft. Wayne, Indiana 



Isherwood enjoyed 

I would like to thank you tor the excellent 
quality of the recent issues of TBP I par- 
ticularly enjoyed the interview with 
Christopher Isherwood Vouaredoing 
wonderful work 



Toronto 

2/ Body Politic 



Merv Walker's article on VDwasex- 
cellenl It was sensibteand useful lo 
recommend tiy brand names various 
products and contraceptive preparations 
to kill VD germs. Likehim I have come lo 
the conclusion thai manyorganizaiions 
purporting to fight VDreveal by their ac 
llons thai fheyareof two minds. Sub- 
consciously they still feel thai some 
price in terms ol health should be paid lor 
by Iheioys of sex. It is naive also not lo 
recognize ihe consequences of ihe fact 
thai there is money to be made in VD 
I have wondered whether tor -nuch 
confidence is being placed upv - 
washing with soapand wafer a- VD 
prophylaxis lamnotagainst wojhing, 
bul there are other products which mighi 
be used in addition A report in the 
British Journal of Venereal Disease! Vol 
48, No. 7. 1972), indicated lhat Orlho- 
creme immobilized syphilis germs inone 
to one-and-a-hail minutes and gonorrhea 



germs withinlive minutes Almost 
equally encouraging ligu res werealso 
given for Preceptin, Oelfin foam, etc 
G-Spence 
Montreal 

I found "The Clap Trap' ' very reveal ing 
and ol great personal interest I think the 
testing ot some of ihe prophylactics we 
naveat our disposal would Oea truly 
noblequestlor any gay group, llwould 
beablessingtoen|oy sex withoul fear ol 
contracting a venereal disease 

Also. I strongly urge every homosexual 
tocomeout thai last mile bit toyourdoc- 



Protest to Begin 

Keep up Ihe light tor justice and keep us 
inlormed on the results of iheCustoms 
decisiononLovrngMan Enclosed isa 
copy Of my protest to Ms Begin 

Very soon ihe Canadian Governmenl 
could well want to tell us what colour un- 
der shorts to wear 
Jean- Plems God in 
Winnipeg 

Toward solidarity 

I am writing in support of Chris Bear 
chell's'A reply lo Andrew Hodges'' 
(TBP, 32). 

In the event ol there being any doubt, 
there are many other women who believe 
asChrisdoes Ihope thai this one article 
will be instrumental in provoking a 
necessary dialogue, one which Is not 
restricted lo Ihe tellers page, However, 
Chnsends her article with, "But II It is lo 
bea productive one it must begin by 
recognizing that we aredeallngwltha 
political context "I quite agree. 

If TBP real ly is a national forum for a 
coherent gay movemenl.lhen perhaps II 
should not settleforatoken 
'provocative' article every six months or 
so So long as gay activists continue to 
discussour differences on the basis ol 
sexuality alone, we will always "stand 
divided" 

Once, longago, it was February and I 
read an article in TBP Now it is spring, a 
time thai holds love close to our hearts 
and brings sexuality mlo Ihe streets, 
Whoislhis Hodges (ospeakol whal I am 
supposed to beihinhmg when iseea 
lovely woman on the street or as I hold 
the one I dearly love in ihe midst of a 
heterosexual world or the |0y of sen- 
suality as bodies move on adance 
floor l love, I breathe. I touch 
"Lesbians have to overcome Ihe nolion 
lhat a woman partner is less lhan 
satisfying sexually. ."Who is thai, who 
is Hodges speaking to? The moment ol 
first touch Is sucha supremely important 
moment that il can goonand on forever, 
tingling ihe lips. Andso,|ustwhoishe 
speaking I o? 

The sex lobe removed from pubitc lite 
is the brutally compelling kind which has 
been given to us (femaleormale)by the 
hard in-and-out ol heterosexual ily. 
Women neither could nor would use I his 
lorce. But men, being the primemovers 
behind heterosexual! ty as a species, 
havemuchiounleam. ilisalwaysagood 
thing to glimpse two laggots enjoying 
themselves as people, as men. as lovers 
Weall feel, don't we? Bui don't be so hard 
about it. don'l slop it up wilh 
meaningless competitiveness lamala 
loss for words when I read Hodges: 
"Essentially, gay males, by being males, 
have had the privilege ofan environment 
in which a sex-p&sitlve attitude can work 
out well." I am surprised. I laugh, le 1 1 
whal other men think? We lesbians, once 
we realize ourown bodies as women, are 
sodeliciously free— laughing, crying, 
hugging, No pompousness.no still- 
ness. no rigidity. 

So please don't print nonsense that 
could only interpret lesbians as being 
political mannikinswilhno feelings. As 
Chnssays, "we can't aflord lodecide 
how many angels can dance on the head 
olapln " So then, what does it alt mat- 
ter? I won't mind what mendowiiheaoh 
Other so long as we can al I learn lo su p- 
port each other UkeChris.idonolyet 
seethe unity that I desire I desire more 
unity from taggois lhan counting female 
heads al gay dances. 

Thankfully, faggots and lesbians are 
not interested in each other as sexual ob- 



jects So let's 'orgeiaooul sex and 

seiuai di'ferences and find ourselves 
tweaking from a political context, 
striving for a communication thai does 
not count heads bul one which leads us 
toward a si nee re solidarity 
Pat Leslie 
Toronto 

Murder calls for 
Movement 

Re "Gay Murders Unsolved "{TBP. 31), I 
was shocked when I heard of lh_ murder 
of Hal Walkley in Toronto two years ago. 

Thelasl tlmelsawHai wasm June, 
1 1972. We were both teachers al Vlncenl 
| Massey Collegiate in Etobicoke. I always 
■ Hkedandrespecledhim Hewasacllve 
iin theTeachers' Federation and was the 
I OSSTF representative for our stall. He 
worked hard and advocated teachers' 
nghts Webothlettlhatschoolinl972. I 
moved lo Winnipeg then, so I never saw 
him after lhat. 

The murder of Hal Walkley and other 
gaysshouldenrageusall Weneeda 
strong, vocal gay rights movement lo win 
all our demands Evenluallv we will bring 
about a society thai will wipe out 
homophobiaandothercrlmesagalnsl 
gays. 

B rend a Dineen 
' Vancouver 



Rates "punish pigs'? 

How come US subscription rates are 
higher? Is Ihlsour 'punishment' for being 
Ihe white pig imperialists'? It so, please 
takeoul your nationalistic anger on the 
real enemies, nol subscribers who hap- 
pen to reside south ol some border. 
Eric Gordon 
West Hartford, Connecticut 

No, we're not out to punish you. Someot 
our besl friends live there, etc There are 
f wo reasons tor the rate discrepancy. 
First, the postage rate tar mailings to the 
US is about 20 per cent higher tor Urat 
class and ten limes higher tor second 
class. Second, we have a primary com- 
mitment to Canadian gays, and want to 
makeTBP as easily available 10 them (via 
Ihe low domestic second class sub rale) 
asposslble. So we ask American sub- 
scribers to provide a small subsidy tor 
Ihis. The US has many national gay 
magazines, and is generally richer 
Canada has only IBP. Your small sub- 
sidy helps us tultill our primary commit- 



-The Collective 



Comparisons 



In com paring TBP lo other gay lournals, I 
am consistently astonished by how 
readable, inlormalive, and supportive to 
thegay community 11 can be. It is 
refreshing lolind a magazine commit ted 
to gay rights, literature, etc., which is 
neither condescending to its readership 
nor naively rhetorical. I simply Ihought I 
would lei you know II is appreciated 
Malcolm Leibel 
Toronto 

I've very much enjoyed reading TBP 
which I Ihink superior to the US Ad- 
voca re (which seems to depend loo 
much on advertising by bars and rent- 
boys)and at leasl as good as our British 
Gay News. 
LB. 
London, England 

TBPis too political in the first place, 

toolef t-wing in the second place. 
(Gays have no rights or are persecuted 

in socialist ' countries— we don't 

want such retrogression 

here I) 
7fi Pal so seems to have an anti- 

religiousbias 

We would like news without extremist 

politics, pleasel 
(The Advocate is a good model) 

(anon.) 



We're glad to hear trom you — please 
keep wiling. Bul please edit your 
letter for length so thai we won't 
haveto The shorter, the sharper, the 
better 

The Collective 



LETTERS 



Thorstad re-viewed 

Bran Mossop accomplishes the mther 
amazing feet ol 'reviewing ■ a book by 
Largely ignoring US content In his com- 
pietely irresponsible review of Gay 
Liberation and Socialism (TBP, 32) 

Rat her than discuss! ng and assessing 
*hal David Thorstad 5 collection of 
doc u men is says, he Isolates and ab- 
stract* twopointsde. the nature of 
homosexual i ty and the f ami ly) for exten- 
ded treat men l Irom an extremely com- 
plex debate 

But that's not all InsodoingMossop 
hasdislorted and misrepresented the 
posillons so uncompromisingly fought 
for by gay liberationism in Ihe Socialist 
Workers Party. Needilbe recalled that 
the politically bankrupt school of 
falsification has no lack of historical 
precedents? 

Furthermore, why doesn't he discuss 
and evaluate the program that Ihese gay 
militants fought for, which the 
documents focus on? The exit ol gays 
from the SWP was not simply the result 
of IheSWP's refusal to "take no stand on 
the question 'Is gay good?' and not to 
assign party members to work In Ihe gay 

Perhaps if Mossop doesn't feel 
obliged to deal In a serious fashion with 
Thors tad's book, and consider what 
Canadian and Quebecois Gay Marxists 
can learn from the SWP debate, TBP 
should enllsl someone whocantakeon 
this task 

Isn't adlscusslon of "a rare Instance ol 
actual debate on gay liberation in a 
Marxist party'' more deserving lhan what 
Mossop has dished up? 
Sluart Russell 
Montreal 



Brian Mossop replies: 
I think it's quite legitimate in a review to 
isolate one or two aspects ot the book In 
question. The family and the nature of 
homosexuality are the topics most 
relevant to Ihe relation between gay 
liberation and the replacement ol 
capitalism by socialism- I did originally 
have a sentence pointing out that the 
book deals with othersubiects. and this 

I should perhaps have been retained. 
As to the program which sociallstsad- 

, vacate for the gav movement at its 
present stage, Ihe book has nothing that 
would be news to Canadians. Canadian 
gays— Marxists, social democrats and 
liberals— have over the past seven years 
worked out a program ol public struggle 
loi civil rights as a first step to lull 
liberation That program is more clearly 
articulated in the publications of the 
NationalGay Rights Coalition and the 
Coalition lor Gay Rights In Ontario, and 
in thepages ot TBP, than in Thorstad s 
book. 

I cannot answer the charges of 
misrepresentation since theyarenot 
clearly specllied. Instead the letter is lull 
ol phrases like 'dish up', 'politically 
bankrupt' and 'not serious'. Such 
language is not very informative and cer- 
tainly does not encourage discussion 



For anyone who has not read Gay 
Liberation and Socialism, the review of it 
would appear to me to besingularly 
useless, 

Wholeareasof I he discussion are 
totally ignored. 

An extremely conspicuous omission 
is the lack of evenamentionof the SWP 
leadership's infamous 'Memorandum', 
the adopt ion of wh ich signal led the end 
of any serious discussion. In this wret- 
chedly anti-Marxist document, we are 
trealed to anutterly ludicrous contrad ic- 
lion m one breath they claim to reject all 
anti-gay prejudices, in the next they 
refuse to take any position "on the nature 
or value of homosexuality"! Scientific 
socialists indeed 1 And that's just the 
beginning. This'document'hastobe 
seen lobe believed 

AlsomtsslngisfheSWP'sactual 
record with respect to gays ana gay 
liberaiion. Actions speak louderthan 
•mpty verbiage about support ol gay 
nghis This ihe review' also manages to 
ignore 

Brother Mos sop's criticisms ot the 
SWPgayhberationiais would be best 
dealt with by those who weredirect par- 
ticipants In that debate, if they consider 
Hay 



it worth their while. Any serious reading 
ol the material involved is sufficient to 
demonsi rate that these criticisms are 
false almost in their entirety 

What is most disturbing is what ap- 
pears to bean effort to find excuses 'or 
what Mossop charitably characterizes as 
the 'failure' ol heterosexlst rnarxists to 
deal seriously with the issues raised by 
gayllberatlon Itismyconvictionihat 
gay marxistshavea responsibility to e* 
pose hypocrisy and deceit wherever lhe> 
exist, not the least among our alleged* 
supporters. Ol course, in thecase of the 
Moscow-oriented Communist parlies, 
that would involve a great deal more than 
gayllberation. Wouldn't if? 
John Wilson 
Toronto 



A Proposal 



t It is high time gay liberation evaluated 
the question ol structure and implemen- 
ted some of the positive lessons from the 
women's liberation movement 
I A characteristic of (he women's 

movement has Been ihe reject ion of 
1 fhoseconventionalpatternsof 
organization usually described as "fop 
j down". An impetus was the simple truth 
that traditional norms ol organization 
I werethose/mposedbyamaie- 
! domlnatedsocietyiwomendesiredtobe 
: treerjow.insomepartsof thelrlivesal 
' least, from the debilitating aspects of 
i male dominance. Traditional met hods ol 
organization had often been used to 
prevent women from exercising political 
initiative. The flexibility of organizational 
I structures within women's liberation 
simply recognized that it is valid to work 
to eliminate negative attitudes such as 
competit iveness, and healthy toembody 
new organizational forms and ways ol 
conducting business. 

Gay liberation runs counter to the 
hierarchical and palriarchical structure 
of society no less than women's 
liberation. 

Gay liberation has no interest in main- 
taining a si ruclure antithetical toils goal 
| Itlhereloreshouldbedesirableand 
sound for gay liberation tomodily such a 
structure. 

Six years ago it was essential that a 
homosexual group with an outward per- 
spective have at least one person who 
was fully out and prepared to speak on 
behalf of f hose who could not because of 
job or family situations, In theory this 
person was literally the "voice" tor the 
vasf majority still in thecloset. Heorshe 
was toserveas a bold statement that 
gays were com i ng ou 1 . 

This original situation has nol 
changed greatly but the movement Is 
largerand possesses a pool of varied in- 
dividuals able to speak (or gay liberation. 
In addition, gay organizations through 
their achievements have gained a firm 
fooling and credibility in public con- 
scious n ess. 

Gay liberation must develop cadre, not 
aspecializedpriestcrall.no matter how 
talented or devoted. Gay liberation must 
not mimic what, unfortunately, is 
prevalent in the trade unions; a top- 
heavy, know-it-all, do-it-all leadership. 
I Ms II mely to do away with the role of 
the Chairperson or "President" and to 
diversity that position. Articulating ihe 
program ol gay liberation in public is a 
terrific training ground. Members have 
to lake the plunge and to learn from 
mistakes. Thismeansovercomingthe 
trepidation we all feel when exercising 
delegated responsibility. 

Presently there is almost an entren- 
ched assumption that the Chairperson 
will i ni i iate everything, take care of 
everything, and "run "th.ngs Thelact 
that the Chairperson is of ten an accep- 
ted target for opponents, on the left or 
the right, provides members with an easy 
ilunderstandableexcusefornot 
assuming greater responsibility, and 
diverts attention from political issues. 



This 



I Mora 



• course for 



gay liberation, more truly collect iv 
co-operative Members are hereby in- 
vited honestly and seriously to consider 
whether they wish to make substantive 
change in Ihe way we struggle together 
Toparaphrasea great fighter and 
man of action. Lenin, every cleaning 
woman must learn to run me state 
Maurice Flood 
Vancouver 



No. 33 

CONTENTS 



Country Craf tsperson 

by Michael Lynch 



22 



Ger Brender a Brandis is a bookmaker. And it may take him a year to 
make one. An artist who does everything from making his own 
paper to hand setting his own type, he is also a gay 'presence' in 
both his village and the nearest gay group. A portrait ot the artist as 

committed 



The gay rights Freud 

by Herb Spiers and Mic hael Lynch 



8 



Psychoanalysis has been no friend to gay people. A history of too 
many 'cures' and treatments.' The tendency might be to blame the 
father of it all for Ihe sins ot the sons and daughters. But new 
research is showing Freud was more ot a supporter of gay people 
than is commonly believed. Some startling new historical evidence 
linking Freud and Ihe early German gay movement. 



Romance 

by Michael Riordon 



19 



Michael and Michael were the best ot friends They worked 
togelher, played together, travelled together. What happens when 
one — or both? — begin struggling with feelings that 'friends' 
shouldn't have? 



Our Image 

The BP Review Section 



Pull Out 



"The Celluloid Ghetto" discovers we shouldn't even wanna be In 
pitchahs. we give one more boo to Baby Blue Twoanda slap in the 
mouth to Slapshot. Lesbian poetry, lesbian music and a lot more In 
our eighth regular pull out review section. 



In the News 

Canada this month 



1 



350 protest police action in Vancouver, gay teachers to organize in 
Ontario, and on the national scene, three non-gay organizations 
have called for the inclusion of sexual orientation in the Canadian 
Human Rights Act. These and more cross-Canada stories starting 
on page 1. 

REGULAR DEPARTMENTS 

Editorial 2 Flaunting It! 24 

Letters 2 Comics 25 

Trash 7 Classifieds 26 

Dykes 10 Community Page 27 



* Coverphotoby Jock Brandis • 



Ed , 



ilL/if 



Michael Lynch, Gary Ostrom, Keith Sly. 
Paul Trol lope, Merv Walker. 

CONTRIBUTORS 
Barry Adam, Clarence Barnes. Chris 
Bearchell, Dave Beauchamp, Don Bell, 
Robin Bentley, Ger Brender a Brandis. 
Jock Brender, Bill Brown. Sherrlli 
Cheda, Judith Crewe. Peter de Vries, 
Richard Dyer, John Fergus. Larry 
Gauer, Harvey Hamburg, Tom 
Hanrahan. Ale. Inglis, Graham 
Jackson, Ken Johnson, Claude Jutras, 
Jean Kowalewskl. Daphne Kulzner 
Nona Laney. David Livingstone, Jchr> 
Manwaring. Joe McNerney, David 
Mole, Brian Mossop, Fiona Ratlray 
Riordani 



NEWS COR RESPONDENTS 

Wish Leonard ISt John's) 
Robin Metcalie'HeiV/axJ 

John Blacklock. Ron Dayman & 
Stuart Russell (Monfreefj 
Davi d Garma i s e I Ol ra wa) 
JohnHlggina'KlnffsfonJ 
Barry Erlksen /Guefpft) 
Elgin Blair (Mlsslssauga) 

Shane Que HeefHamifron) 

Jim Monk (Windsor) 
Jeremy Bass (Winnipeg) 
Gens Hei i qui st (Saskatoon) 
BobRadkeffdrnonfonJ 
Bob Cook (Vancouver) 
A.ngeloRo&aB(Ausfr8'lsJ 
U nd say Tay I or I New Zealan d) 



Canadian 



Periodical 
Publishers' 
Association 



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1-Mlutllon of l«>l|Ou(i\»l Dl* 



M*ILIHGADCR£S5 riwjBoOf Bonne, fen nm 
Siaiun *. ttnonto. OntmoCtuutUW in 

HMU-BLt OH UlCBOfILM (BOM 



NEWS 



Ontario 

Gay teachers to organize 




The lormallon ol a gay caucus lot On- 
tario teachers was one ol several Hems In 
anedueaiionpoiicyacceptedbythe 
Coalition lot Gay Rights In Ontario 
(CGRO)al us second annual conference. 

Meeting In Ottawa over Ihe Easier 
weekend, seventy-live registrants 
representing all but oneot CGRO's 
eighteen member groups, attended 
panels, lectures and workshops that 
locussed on gays andeducalion. CGRO 
is presently Canada's only provincial 
coalition ol gay groups, but others are 
beingcontemplated now in Manitoba 
and Quebec. 

Theeducahon policy also included 
provisions (or Initialing curricula 
changes through local Boards of 
Education, drawing up a bibliography ot 
accurate materials tor presenting homo- 
sexuality in ihe classroom, approaching 
Faculties ol Education to train Ibeir 
student teachers more appropriately lor 
deall ng with homosexual It y. and 
distributing a new education pamphlet 
that CGRO has developed during recent 
months. 

The gay teachers' caucus was lelt by 
many lobe essential in thiseffort 
because teachers are among the most 
influential and yet |ob-vulnerab!eot gay 
workers. Terry Phillips, who teaches 
elementary si udents m a downtown 
Torontopublic school, will aci as a con 
tad person tor this group He has urged 
any leachers to write him through CGRO 
at 193Carlton Street, Toronto Thecon- 
lerence recognized that, at least during 
its lormallonal stages, this must bean 
underground "groupso that gay 
teachers will (eel sale taking pan in it 

GaysolOttawa. who hosted the con- 
J2.000teachers.prln- 
opaJs.and school board members in the 
OttawfrHui I area to at lend a number of 
event s at the Conference. Generous 
estimates indicated that around hall a 
dozen showed up They missed Ihe lee 
tures by Will Aitken on Christopher 
Isherwood, James Steak'ey on theGer 
man Homosexual Emancipation 
movement . and several speakers on 
topics such as bemg gey in high school 

4/Body Politic 



Otherconcerns ol the conference 

were Ihe upcoming provincial election 
and Ihe John Damien Defense The final 
plenary session adopted a comprehen- 
sive program for ihe election campaign, 
including a provision lor a province-wide 
election campaigncoordlnator. CGRO 
member groups will hold a provincial day 
ol protest lour weeks before eleciion day 
in cities across the province, anda joint 
rally in Toronto I wo weeks before Ihe 
election. The Iheme for thecampaign will 
be'Vole tor Gay Rights, Voteagainsi the 

A resolution on Ihe Damien Defense 
wasaisoadopted It recommends that * 
the National Gay RightsCoalilionbe 
asked loorganizea national day of 
protest demanding Damlen'srem- 
statemenl Itfurtherurgedacross- 
countrypeiilionlorgay rights and a 
closer public link bet ween the Commit- 
tee to Defend John Damien and CGRO, 
Us founding body and key supporter 

byMichael Lynch 



Damien defense 
strategy debated 

A conference called by the Committee to 
Defend John Damien met in Toronto on 
April 16Io consider defense strategies 
and ways of strengthening the basic core 
ol workers in ihe defense effort 
Although the committee has been open 
toanyone wishing to participate in the 
effort, this was the first specifically 
pubi ic conference to be held. Ap- 
proximately lony persons attendedat 
least part of the live-hour session 

Most ol Ihe discussion ceniered 
around questions raised by two position 
papers anda resolution Irom ihe 
Coalition lor Gay Rights in Ontario Vbies 
laken at the end of the session adopted 
pemof each ol these position papers, 
one of which came from Committee 



Chairperson Terry Phillips, and Ihe other 
from the Gay Academic Union (Toronto) 
Theconterencewasalsodividedinits 
response to the CGRO resolution It 
adopted t he preamble . which included 
this statement "We recognize thaithe 
mam weigh! ol a pubttcoutcry will come 
Irom gay people themselves, and thai in- 
dividual homosexuals and lesbians will 
be motivated to support John if they 
know that his case is being indissolubly 
linked in the public mind wilh anti- 
homosexual bias in society "And it 
carried CGRO s cat 1 1 hat t he National 
Gay Rights Coalition organize a national 
day ot protest demanding Damien's rein- 
statement "and calling tor the inclusion 
ol sexual orientation in provincial and 
federal human rights codes ' 

But it defeated CGRO's proposal tor a 
national petition for gay nghls and 
drastically altered the CGROcallfora 
closer public link bet ween the commit- 
tee and CGRO, its founder and key sup- 
There was considerable procedural 
confusion, especially when the votes 
were laken Although one person 
at lending said he had lust walked Inof I 
Ihe street , and many ol the groups sup- 
porting Damien were not able to be 
represented throughout the long 
meeting, one vote wasgiven to each per- 
son present . On Ihe question of whether 
the conference's decisions would be 
binding, a tie vote was broken by the 
chairperson in lavourof not binding the 
committee. There was further 
disagreement as I o who or what con- 
stituted the committee; at one point, Ihe 
chairperson's assertion thai H consisted 
of "only three people" evoked Indignant 
protests from the CGRO represen- 
tative. 

The conference adlourned with the 
agreement lo reconvene and continue ils 
debate in a further session. 

by Michael Lynch 



LOOT adds phone 
! line, drop-in 

| As ol May 3, Ihe Lesbian Organization ol 

I Toronto will be operating a counselling 

I and information telephone line as well as 

I adrop-lnat their centreat342Jarvis 

1 Street 

The iwo services will be staffed on 
Tuesday and Friday night from 7:00 lo 
1 1 :00. On Tuesday evenings there will be 
a pot-luck supper as well. The phone 
number is 960-3249 

LOOT hopes these services will help 

! lesbianwomenwhowanlloendtheir 

I isolationandiocommunlcale freely with 
olherlesbians TofacilHateihis, LOOT 
will also provide self-helpdiscussion 

I groups, individual counselling sessions 
and referrals lor lesbians whoare 
commgout. 

When the resources become 
available, LOOT intends to expand the 
telephone service loseven days a week. 

| Inieresledwomenareaskedtodevole 
iheir time, money and know-how to this 

i end. 

The organization also prints anewslet- 
terand has a number of committees 

, which hold meetings in addition to the 
regular LOOT general meetings. Togel 

i involved, contact LOOT at 960- 3249or 
wrileto342JarvisStreei Toronto On- 
tario, M4Y 2G6. 

ByllonaLaney 

Feminist paper dies 

The Canadian feminist newspaper, 
The Other Woman has folded. The 
demised the paper comes in ihe face 
of debts and a decline m collective 
members and in volunteer help. 

The largely lesbian collective that 
produced the paper over the past live 
years had writ len about women's and 
lesbian issues from a temi n i s t and an- 
il-capitaiist perspective 
inaneditoriaiinthe last issue, the 

' womenonthepaperdesenbedthe 
situation, "We were a shaky collective 

. ofsiimoreoriessstablepeopie With 
one person resigning on principle and 

, the res i gnat ion o I twooiherpeople, 
we are down to three and disnear 
tened " A fourth woman left after that 
Cynthia Wright and Gillian Chase, 



the two remaining collect i vo mom 
be rs. announced Ihe folding of the 
paper ma letter lo supporters and 
subscribers They made a plea tor 
funds lo help pay their remaining bill 
of Mil Those wishing lodonate 
money can send II to TheOthot 
Woman, PO Box 929, Sin Q. Toronto. 
With the apparent demise of Long 
TimeCommg Ihe lesbian journal from 
Montreal, lesbianfemlnlstsare left 
without any established national 
publications Lesbian Canada 
Lesbienne, analtonal lesbian 
newsletter which grew oul ol last 
fall's National Lesbian Conference 
has published one issue and hopes to 
continue. It is produced by Atlantic 
Provinces Political Lesbians lor 
Equality [APPLE) in Hal I lax. 

By David Gibson _ 



Park thugs at it again 

Thugsare reported to be terrorizing gays 
In David Baltour Park A Toronto man told 
TBPthai on ihe evening of April 12 he 
was attacked, beaten and robbed by a 
gandoltwelvemeninlhepark-Oneof 
Ihe men has been charged wilh common 
assault 

Last summer such violent incidents 
reached alarming proport ions (see TBP 
no .26). When contacted, Inspector Oliver 
al Slalion 53 did not seem overly concer- 
nedaboutarecurrence "Problemsllke 
this start with the warm weather," he 
said. When asked if extra patrols would 
beassignedtostreetsinihearea, he 
replied, "Whenever we havea case like 
Ihis we always give It more detailed at- 
tention," 



Mirror protects 
hockey players 



The anti-gay policies ot Ihe ToionloSlar | 
are the standard throughout the empire 
controlled by BelandHonderich, as is in- 

! dlcatedbylhefollowingreport. 

Early In April, Cheryl Freedmanol Don ; 
Mills decided toattend a public meeting 
being held by York East MP David 
Collenetle. She intended lo bring up 

i issues ol interesltogaymenandwomen 
livinginDonMllls.lnorderlomakelhe : 
meet mg more effective, she hoped to 
encourage gay attendance by p'acingan , 
advertisement in The Don Mills Mirror 
The Mirror's general manager, John 
Van Kooten, refused Ihead outright 
because II contained Ihe word "gay", 
saying that it mighl of lend "young 

' hockey players," 

Torstar. a corporate holding compnay, . 
controls Ihe Mirror as well as the Toronto 

; Star anClrteMtssissauga News. 

Ms Freedman was finally able to place 
her ad in Ihe Star, alt hough Ihe wording 
was changed from Don MlllsGays to Don 

1 Mills Homosexuals. 

byJohnHamicki ■ 



John's 



CHAN plans fanfare 

The Community Momophile Associa- 
tion oINewfoundlandlCHAN), is 
celebrating its third anniversary this 
mom h with a program intended lo 
build awareness and support in ihe 
community here. 

This follows adif f Icull winter when 
rumoursof the predicted deaihof the 
organization began tospread. Interest 
declined lo such an extent that a 
special edition ot Abot/rface. Ihe 
CHAN newsletter, was published 
calling tor a general meeiing in March 
io discuss the tateof the group. At 
this meeiing almost $600 was 
pledged loguarantee CHAN's con- 
tinued operation over ihe nexi three 
months. 

At the same time plans were initiated 
for the anniversary celebration An in- 
tensive publicity campaign is under 
way covering all aspects of gay life in 
theprovince Thevanousmedtahave 
been approached witha request lor 

highlighting the aclivitiesot 
i he organization and its members, 
by Wish Leonard 



NEWS 



Support grows 

on sexual orientation 

issue 

Sexual orientation should be included in 
the Canadian Human Rights Act This is 
the opinion of all three organizations that 
have testified before the Standing com- 
Committee on Justice and Legal Attairs 
m the Houseof Commons, 
The Canadian Bar Association was ex- 
pressing lis support on this issue (or the 
first time Trie Advisory Council on the 
Status ol Women and the Canadian 
Labour Congress (CLC) had previously 
supported the inclusion of sexual orien- 
lalion in human rights legislation, 
though the CLC's support had been at 
ihe provincial level (m Ontario!, 

During debate in the House prior to Ihe 
legislation being referred to the Just ice 
Committee, spokespersons tor all three 
major parties — ToryGordonFair- 
weather, Liberal Pierre De Band and New 
Democrat John GilbeM — allspokeln 
favour of including sexual orientation in 
the Act. 

The National Gay Rights Coalition 
(NGRQis still awaiting word on whether 
it will be called to testify belore the 
Committee. The government wants Ihe 
bill passed by June 30th and so is irying 
toget It back beforethe full Houseas 
soon as possible for third and final 
reading. As a result, theCommiltee may 
decide to limit the number ol witnesses 
In addition lo NGRC, some 20 groups 
haveaskedloappear IfNGRCisnot 
called, it will st ill probably have an oppor- 
tunity lo forward a wrillen presentation 
to Ihe Committee. 

In Ihe meantime, Ihe coordinating of- 
lice of NGRC is rounding up support 
from influential groups and 
organizations. The following groups. In 
addition to the ones who have already 
appeared belore the JusliceCommlttee, 
have Indicated that Ihey favour including 
sexual orientation in the Act: Canadian 
Association of University Teachers, 
National Association of Women and the 
Law, Planned Parenthood Federation of 
Canada, Canadian Federation of Civil 
Liberties and Human Rights 
Associations. Law Union of Ontario and 
the United Church of Canada 

Inanother development. iheStudent 
Council of Carleton University In Ottawa 
has adopted a hiring policy which 
prohibits discrimination on the baslsof 
sexual orientation in hiring doneby the 
Students Association. The policy was 
adopted with no opposition. 

by David Garmalse 

Fox suggests 
security clearances 
OK for open gays 

Solicitor General Francis Fox says that 
homose-uality is not afactor in ob- 
taining either employment or a security 
clearance in Ihe public service. Healso 
says lhat bemgopen would not prevent a 
homosexualtrom being considered for a 
public service job. 

Fox makes these commenls in a letler 
to ihe National Gay RightsCoalilion 
(NGRC) in response to allegations of an- 
li-gay discrimination in Ihe RCMP(see 
TBPno 28i The letterdid not respond lo 
the allegations, butdealt generally with 
the public service. 

"Being an overt or publicly professed 
homosexual would In no way prevent an 
individual from competing and being 
considered for employment many 
government depart men I or agency 
Whether or not he would be selected over 
other candidates would bea matter for 
managerial discretion in the normal 
selection process " 

The letter does not say anything really 
new — there are open gays inOtiawa 
who work for the public service and who 
have security clearances. However, m 
previous correspondence f rom gover- 
nment official 5 there has never been any 
reference to "oven' or publicly 
professed ' homosexuals 

What Ihe letter seems to imply is lhat 
Open gays Should have no problem ot> 
May 



taming employment and getting secunty 
clearances, but thai ciosei gays would 
e difficulty with security clearances 
e they could be ' exploited*' or 
compromised " 

NGRC is seeking clarification from the 
Solicitor General. 

by David Garmalse ~ 



Plans for national 
conference underway 

The schedule for the Fifth National Gay 
Rights Coalition Conference has been 
issued Itwillbeheldlhisyearin 
Saskatoon from June 23 to July 3. 

The agenda states thai the focus of the 
conference will be primarily NGRC 
issues, but there are provisions to make 
Ihe conference responsive toseveral 
concerns- 
Keynote speakers for the conference 
will be Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon, foun- 
ders of The Daughters of Biltlis and 
authorsof Lesbian/ Woman, 

Topics lor workshops include Ihe 
Oamien Struggle, Gay Parent s.Ageof 
Consent, Lesbian Culture, Rural Gays, 
Police Repression, as well as an exten- 
ded counselling workshop In a covering 
letter, Ihe coordinating committee 
stressed that lime isavallable for ad- 
ditional workshops and thai proposals 
are requested. 

The lei ter also sel a deadline olJunel 
forany papers being presented in order 
lo allow time for reproduction. 

Aside from Ihe workshops and NGRC 
business sessions, there will bea march 
and rally on Friday and social events 
each evening 

Thecoordinaling committee stressed 
In its letter that groups should try to pre- 
register In order to avoid difficulties in 
scheduling popular workshops. 

Complete information is available by 
wnllng: 

Filth Naiional Gay Rights Conference 
c/oGay Community Cent re of Saskatoon 
Box 1662, Saskatoon SK, S7K 3R8 

byKeilhSly 



University president 
joins gay forum 

Members ol Ihe gay community at 
Trent University have been assured 
that the university administration 
does not discriminate against slat I 
and 1 acuity on ihebasls of sexual 
preference in mat ters of hiring or 
promotion. 

This assurance was given by 
University president, Tom Hind, loan 
audience ot over 125 people attending 
a lorumentilled "Homosexuality and 
Society," sponsored by theTrent 
Homophile Association. 

Hind shared the platform with 
seven ot her speakers including MPP 
GiliSandeman(NDP-Peterborough), 
lesbian law student BJ Danylchuk, 
psychology professor Lee Beach, 
Brent Hawkes of MCC Toronto, 
George Hislopof CHAT, and Chris 
Fox, lesbian activist. 

Ms Sandeman reviewed her party's 
stand on sexual orientation and urged 
the members ol Ihe audience to write 
their MPPs and federal MPs 
pressuring ihem toamendall 
legislation discriminating against 
gays. 

The remaining panelists discussed 
various aspects ol homosexuality and 
outlined the special problems gay 
people experience when dealing with 
such social institutions as the law. the 
church and the medical/psychiainc 
profession 

Organizers ol the forum were ex- 
tremely pleased with the attendance 
and response to the forum, charac- 
terizing it as "the htgnl ight ot the 
years program 

THAconcluded its program of ac- 
tivites with a dance on April 2. but 
plans to keep theof lice and phone 
line during the usual hours 
throughout the summer 

by Dave Beaue tump 



CRTC questions 
CBC's anti-gay policy 

The Canadian Radio- Television and Tele- 
communications Commission iCRTCi 
wants lo know how ihe Canadian Broad- 
mg Corporation (CBC) arrived at its 
decision to refuse publicservice an- 
nouncements Irom gay groups. 

Last April 5, The CRTC quest ioned the 
CBC for over half an hour during the 
hearing ol a licence application lor an FM 
station by CBH (Halifax). CBH Is the 
station that refused to accept an an- 
nouncement submitted by Gay Alliance 
for Equality (GAE) of Halifax. 

WhenGAE intervened last year in the 
licence renewal application by CBH, the 
CBC promised to establ ish a national 
policy on PSA's from gay organizations 
Several months later. It announced its 
policy: no PSA's from gay groups would 
be accepted 

GAE intervened again at the April 5 
hearing held in Mont real. GAE submitted 
a written intervention and was represen- 
ted at Ihe hearing by Stuart Russell of 
I'Associat ion pour les droits des 
homosexuel s d u Quebec . a Montreal- 
based group which, likeGAE. is a mem- 
ber ot the National Gay RightsCoalilion 
(NGRC) 

Alter Russell delivered an oral presen- 
tation. Barry MacDonald, representing 
CBH, replied 'or ihe CBC. He said that 
theCBC had decided homosexuality was 
controversial because substanhal 
bodies of public opinion held strongly 
different viewson It. He added thai the 
CBC believed that majority opinion today 
would be opposed to condoning homo- 
sexual acis as acceptable behaviour 
Because PSA's arenot meant lo promote 
or advertise activities of controversial 
groups, MacDonald sad, the CBC 
decided to ban gay PSAs 

The CRTC was not satisfied with 
MacOonald's rebuttal and It s members 
questioned him at length about who 
made Ihe decision, how it was made and 
whether ihe CBC had conducted public 
opinion polls to determine il Canadians 
did consider homosexual activity con- 
troversial. 

The CBC had not conducted any polls. 
MacDonald said, but it had been making 
that kind of decision for over 40 years 
now. 

MacDonald added thai the CBC 
doesn'tacceptPSA'swhich are ob- 
viously pro- or anti-aboriion, bul he 
wasn't sure how that policy had been 
established either Apparently, there Is a 
program policy group within the CBC 
made upof 5 or 6 people. But its terms of 
reference are unclear. 

The CRTC did not appear to be too 
happy with the answers it got from Mac- 



Donald and will likely pursue Ihe 
question. 

Toensure that it does. NGRC has died 
an official complaint against the CBC 
with IheCRTC and is also preparing a 
submission as pari of theCRTC's review 
olwhethertheCBChasbeenlullillmgiis 
mandate. 

by David Garmalse 



No funds 

but plenty of action 

McMaster Homophile Association 
continues to provide leadership for 
the gay community here despltea lack 
of adequate financing which 
threatens to curtail some activities 

The re-election in March ot Brian 
Marsh as President and Shane Que 
Hee as Secretary- Treasurer Insures 
the current program ol events will 
continue Over the past monihsMHA 
has sponsored a poetry reading by Ian 
Young, hosted members of the Gay 
Youth Group ot Torontoand organized 
a public forum. 

At this forum held on April l,a 
group of 40guidance counsellors, 
social workers and students heard 
George Hislopof CHAT and Joyce 
Asqulth of The Hu man Sexuality 
Cllnicat McMaster discuss 
Homosexuality in High Schools. 
Copies ot a new MH A resource 
booklet were distributed. The booklet 
contains counselling information and 
a list ot books and materials relevant 
to homosexuality which are available 
in Hamilton area libraries. 

Earlier in the year Brian Marsh and a 
member of the Hamilton lesbian 
community participated in a two- 
and-a-half hour phone-in program on 
radio station CKOC. Response was 
overwhelming and, to every one's sur- 
prise In a city notorious for itsantl- 
gayness, (here were no homophobic 
calls. 

Despite this abundance of activity 
by MHA, it is possible lhat the 
Distress Line may have to reduce its 
services because ol lack of funds. 

Shane Que Hee explained the 
situation, "One source ot funds for 
MHA isa monthly dance held ai 
Eugene's Disco. With the advent of a 
new commercial social club (The 
ChaCha Palace)crowds have thinned, 
making money increasingly difficult 
to co me by. 

"Unfortunately for the cause of gay 
consciousness-raising, mosl people 
prefer a social clubor bar which 
demands on I y money to an 
organization which asks tor a per- 
sonal commitment." 

by Keith Sly D 




WOMEN'S COFFEEHOUSE BOOMING Upward* ol ISO women crowded Into Ihe hallot 
SI. Paul's Church on Avenue Road In Toronto on March 26 lo hear leabian toJkilnger 
Casse Culver and The Bella Stan Band. They [x-normedln ona of a aerlesol special 
evenings organized by the Three ol Cups Coffee House. 

Other groups icheduled Include Carol T.Ro*e and April Kaiaire*(Jurte 4) and Be Be 
K'Boehe(July). Regular coffeehouse* will be held al 142 Jarvla Sireal, May 7,14, and 28. 
Further Information la available* 1 967-28SZ 



NEWS 



Riding groups OK 
rights resolution 

Resolutions lavounng gay rights were 
passed at meetings ot the local NDP 
constituency associations ollhe ridings 
ot Winnipeg-North Centre (Stanley 
Knowlea. MP) and Wi nmpeg-St James. 

The members ol the Winnipeg NDP 
Gay Caucus moved a resolution that in- 
cluded clauses generally similar to 
National Gay Rights Coalition positions 
ongayclvit rights The resolutions, as 
passed, will be taken lo the upcoming 
federal NDP convention lo be held In 
Winnipeg, June 30- July 3. 

The clause calling lor the repeal ot t he 
leglslatlonaliowing indatlrtt le con- 
tinemenlfor "sexual offenders" was 
deleied In bolh constituencies The 
association members felt that this 
legislation was necessary to keep 
dangerous sexual ol tenders of f the 
streets. As well. Winnipeg-SI James 
changed a clause calling for an end to 
RCMP harassmen i and survell lance of 
gays, lodemandonlyanendto 
harassment. 

The motions as amended were passed 
by a substantial majority ineach case. 
by Jeremy Bass i 



Council formed 

A Council on Religlonand 

Homosex ual 1 1 y has been formed In Wi n- 

nlpeg to provideaccuraie Information 

regarding homosexuality toclergy and to 

solicit the support ot various church 

organizations on ihebehall of gay 

people. 

Oneol the first projects of thegroup 
was Ionian oul Informalionloclergy. 
Currently Ihe group Is applying for fund- 
ing from the Federal Government to 
print literature about homosexuality and 
Ihe church For more information, wrlie 
Box 1912, Winnipeg, Manitiba 

by Jeremy Bass Q 




One in ten are gay! 

The US gay movement 's claim t hat 
approximately oneoul ot every ten 
persons In the US population Is gay 
has been upheld In a recent letter from 
Or PaulGebhard, Director of the In- 
stitute forSex Research (Kinsey In- 
stitute). 

Citing recent critical reworking of 
Ihe dala originally collected by Kinsey 
Del ween 1938 and 1953, Gebhard 
testified that 13 95 per cent of males 
and4 25 per cent ot females, or a 
combined average 019.13 percent ol 
Ihe total population, had either exten- 
sive or "more than Incidental" 
homosexual experience. The figure 
excludes all members of homosexual 
organizations who were originally In- 
terviewed, and also excludes the 
category ol "psychological" 
response which was included In Kin- 
sey'songinal study Most criticisms 
of the ea/i ler reports had focussed on 
these two aspects. 

Gebhard stated thai if the research 
were to be conduc I ed agai n today he 
would expect the percentage ol per- 
sons who had had significant overt 
homosexual experience to be 
significantly higher." 

No equivalent research is known lo 
have taken place in Canada Canadian 
gay activists have regularly assumed 
that US percentage© could cross the 
border without becoming irrelevant 



First provincial 
conference called 

Response has been posit ive to the 

announcement ot the I ir si Manitoba 

Ga y Con ference which will be held at 
the University of Manitoba on Satur- 
day May 7. 

The past year has seen the 
emergence ot a large number of new 
organizations in ihe Manitoba gay 
community. Organizer Bill Lewis, in 
his Inilial letter calling for Ihe con- 
ference, said he hoped that the con- 
ference would lacllitatean exchange 
of information among ihegroups and 
would establish a more permanent 
communications network. 

The proposed conference formal 
will allow for each organization to 
present Its history and ouillnelts 
current activities and luture plans. 
This will be followed by an open forum 
where participants will discuss the 
organization of gay people In 
Manitoba. 

by David Gibson 



Board moves 
to prohibit gays 
in schools 

Frontenac County Boardof Education 
may review the health curriculum olfered 
in area high schools following visits to 
Loyalist Collegiate and Vocational In- 
st llule by members ol the Oueen's 
Homophile Assoclallon lasl month(T8P, 
no. 32). Three members of QHA spent 
I wo afternoons discussing various 
aspeclsof homosexuality and homo- 
sexual lifestyles with senior heallh 
classes. 

At aboard meeting on April 14, Trustee 
John La marc he presented a mot Ion 
directing school principals 10 prohibit 
any further vlsitsof this nature. The 
molion was noi lavourably received by 
some trustees and it was decided after 
some discussion to lable It pending a 
report from Ihe eduction commit lee 
chaired by Trustee Peter Watson. 

Thiscommlttee met on April 18and 
heard submissions from health 
teachers, students and membersof the 
clergy No representative of QHA was in- 
vited to at lend. 

Pam Tate, spokesperson for the 
Queen'sStudenl - Community Service 
Group under which OMA operates. Is op- 
timistic that Lamarches motion will be 
withdrawn when the report ol the 
education committee Isretumed. 

by Keith Slyu 



G AE confronts media 
at public forum 

The c BC and two Halifax dallies were 
strongly criticized by representatives ol 
the Gay Alliance For Equality at a public 
lorumon "Media Accountability to the 
Public" held here on March 9. 

Theevent, sponsored by the 
Oalhousie School of Business Ad- 
ministration and Ihe CBC. teatureda 
panel ol media ligures:Charles Lynch, 
head of Sout ham News Service, Clark 
Davey, editor of TheGlobe and Mail; Ron 
Haggart ol CBC- TVs "Fifth Estate"; Bill 
Smith, editor ol ihe Halifax Chronicle- 
Herald/Mail Star, and Kevin O'Hagan. 
the Prime Minister's Press Secretary. 

During the question period, GAE 
spokespersons complained of 
discrimination by the CBC and the 
Chronicle Herald Mail Star, all of which 
refuse lo accept ads for the GAE. 

Edilor Bill Smiih said lhat the policy 
did not originate in tiis department 
(although he agreed wilh it) and advised 
the GAE to 'Wrilea letter to Ihe edilor." 
at which poinl Ihe GAE spokesperson 
pointed out thai Smith himself was Ihe 
editor 



Smith was hostile and insulting. Once, 
having referred 10 a GAE member as 
• that young man." he pointedly correct- 
ed himself and called the speakers 
"boy "Thisdrew boos and groans from 
the audience 

Several panel members were mildly 
supportive ollhe gay group'sef forts, but 
none addressed himself to Ihe question 
of how gay people could obtain lair 
trealment from ihe media The audience, 
however, was strongly supportive ol the 
GAE position, applauding Ihegay 

\ spokespersonsandbooingthepanel 
The ail-male panel largely ignored the 
questions raised by the audience and the 
problem ol media accountability, 
preferring loquarrel internally about 
whether Quebeco is reporters with 
separatist sympathiesshould be allowed 
tokeep their jobs. The audience was left 
angry and alienated. 

CBC-TV taped the lorum lor a broad - 

j casi one week later emit led "Them and 
Us," but edited out the GAE speakers, as 

! wellasmostoftheaudienceresponselo 
Ihe panel However, Ihe local TV stalion 
CJCH showed on Its evening news report 

' anexchangebeiweenBIMSmithanda 

( GAErepresentallvewhichwasem- 
barrasslng lor the editor. 

by Robin Metcalfe l 



Court supports 
RCMP secrecy 

A recent ruling of Ihe Quebec Superior 
Court has further frustrated efforts of 
Sluart Russell, socialist and gay activist, 
todiscover the reason lor hlsdlsmissal 
last summer by CO JO. I he Olympic 
Games coordinating committee The 
reason given at the time was lhat Russell 
had noi been given ihenecessary 
security clearance By Ihe RCMP. 
Russell attendeda press conference 



Ofyanbad tv, theUgtM An droit* tie 

I Homme (the Quebec civil liberties 
organization) on March 2 to denounce 
iheRCMPs refusal to release files on 
persons lired tor "security reasons" 
prior to the Montreal games COJO had 
entrusted security clearances to the 
federal police agency 

At the timeof his firing last June. 
Russell had submitted his case to the 
newly established Quebec Human 
Rights Commission Because his firing 
had taken place before June 7, the com- 
mission could not Inierveneinhisca3e ll 
was, however, able lo lake up the sub- 
sequent cases of Sylvie Rocheand Katie 
Curt in, members of Quebec irotsKylsl 
organizations. 

Thecommission recently ordered ihe 
RCMP to provide lusiilfcalion for the 
denial ol security clearance. Bui ma 
decision handed down on March 22. Mr 
Justice Jules Deschenesof Ihe Quebec 
Superior Court ruled thai thecom- 
mission had e'ceeded Us jurisdiction 
andihatiheRCMPisjusiilledin 
withholding reasons lor denying security 
clearances. This is an important 
development In that It sets a precedent 
whereby the RCMPcanarbilrarily Ignore 
individual human rights, deemed to be a 
provincial domain Thelederal govern- 
ment's new Human Rights Aci is not ex- 
pected toaiterihis situation. 

At the press conference, Stuart 
Russell described his tiring and 
declared: "Gays, socialists and mem- 
bersol other minority groups have a 
democratic right to employment, lo 
protection from harassment or arbitrary 
firing," He further polnled out the need to 
Include protection torQuebec's 
homosexual minority In the Quebec 
Human Righls Charter. 

Russell Is an executive member of the 
Assoclallon pour les droits desgal|e)sdu 
Quebec (ADGQ), lormerly Ihe Gay 
Coalition Against Repression, and a 
former member of Ihe LigueSociaii&te 
Ouvrlere. 

by Ron Dayman 



24 down 
176 to go. 




Lasl month, we asked for 200 people willing to contribute ten dollars each to Pink 
Triangle's Book Fund, 

So far 24 have. That's $240 put aside for the publication of the important liberation 
booklet. With Downcast Gays We'd like to go ahead with publication this sum- 
mer. About 60 more ten dollar contributions over each of the next three months 
would just about do it. 

How about it? You could probably spare ten dollars this month. And, Immediately 
upon publication, each contributor will receive a complimentary copy ot this impor- 
tant booklet, weeks before it is generally available. 

With Downcast Gays is a book that can make an important contribution to the 
growth of gay community in Canada. But right now the protect needs community 
support. Your support. 

One more good gay book on the stands Is one more step towards tuH community lor 

gay people. 

Help us all take that step, with a small . but significant financial contribution . 



NEWS 



TRASH 



Bryant almost hailed 

Anita Bryant, whose ant i-gay hurricane 
rages on m Dade County Florida, was 

almost hailed 'Religious Hypocrite ot 
the Vear" at an Easter- weekend conven- 

t ion of the American At hel st s m Chicago. 
Bryant, along with tellow runner -up Jim- 
my Carter, lost the award to former Black 
Pantner Eldridge Cleaver, a newly "born- 
agamChristian " 

Madalyn Murray O'Hair, president ol 
the group, said during the convention 
thai she was heartened to seeatheism 
coml ng out ol the closet "She named 
author Trueman Capote as oneol several 




IF SHE HASONE__ Meanwhile In Vai 
couvai, a Florida citrus fruit display I 
downtown Eaton's store had Ita own 
■ka on Anita Bryant a 



Presbyterians 
prefer hets 

A readership poll recently conducted by 
the American sectarian Journal, The 
Presbyterian Laymen, shows that 
Presbyleri a n s "d I sapprove st rongl y" of 
all aspects ol the ordination of homo- 
sexuals. 

Ol the several thousand respondents, 
93.3 % said that they "definitely believe 
that homosexuals should not beor- 
dained as m In Isters." 

Whenaskedwhal they would doif ihe 
pastor ol their church were "an avowed 
homosexual," 92,2% checked the 
response that read: "I would leavethe 
church." 

IromSerrVews,- 1 



Gaynessusedasa 
smear; politicians 
urged to resign 

Gay Liberation and civil liberties groups 
in New Zealand have he'd pickets and 
Other protests against anti-gay cam- 
paigns directed alMembersof 
Parliament. OneMP has already 
resigned as a result ot allegations made 
against him, and the political futuresof 
two others are in doubt. 

During a heateddebale in Parliament 
last October, the Prime Minister alleged 
that Colin Moyle, Minister ol Agriculture 
m the former Labour Government, had 
been "picked up by the police for 
homosexual activities "Labour Party 
protests at Iheallegation led loan 
enquiry conducted by aformer Appeal 
CourlJudge.SirAltred North Hislin- 
dings revealed that at 1 1 o'clock one 
night m June 1975, Moyle had stopped 
his car inasireet well-known lor cruising 
and had mvtted an undercover policeman 
to get into the car and come to his home. 

At various times Moyle gave three con- 
iiictmge.planationsot the events He 
told Parliament that he suspected the 
man ol beinga burglar and wanted to see 
wnathewasupto To the policeman 
himself he said Ihai ne was trying to 
meet gays to gain information fora 
debate on homosexual law reform, and to 
Sir Alfred North he said that he was to 



meet an unknown man who was to give 

him detailsof security leaks. 

Opposition leader. Bill Howling. *no 
had believed the "burglar" story, was 
angry at Ihe report, and claimed that 
Moyle had misled Parliament. He even- 
tually persuaded Moyle to resign ms seat 
"for the good of the party." 

The second case involved another 
LabourPartymember.GeraldO'Brien in 
July lasl year O'Brien was arrested lor 
indecent assault on two youths ages 16 
and 17alter he had been badly beaten up 
in a motel. A maglslrate dismissed the 
case lor lack of evidence, but the two 
youths were no1 charged with the assault 
theyadmitted committing Then, in 
Jan uary ot this year, a gu I ter-press 
weekly called Truth made further 
allegations ol homosexual behaviour 
agal nsl O'Brien: to the ellect that two 
policemen had seen him try to pick upa 
man outside a gay sauna in Auckland 
When the story was published, there 
were calls (rom the Labour Party hierar- 
chy lor O'Brien to lake legal action 
against Truth, or to resign. Although he 
has so far done neither, he has announ- 
ced his decision to step down from his 
posi as Party Senior Vice-President, 

Thefinai incident concerned Marilyn 
Waring, Ihe youngest MPand a liberal 
membero! Ihe ruling Nalional Party. An 
article in TYwfniast year reported thai she 
was having a lesbian af lair witha married 
woman Waring made no public confir- 
mation or denial of ihe report, although 
she did make a private explanation to the 
party leadership, and public opinion was 
overwhelmingly in her support. Her elec- 
torate has disappeared in ihe latest 
redrawing ol boundaries, however, and 
she may have difficulty in gaining a party 
nomination lor Ihe 1978 General Elec- 
I tion, 

| Prolests about the incidents have 
locussed on two issues. One is the way 
in which ihe Prime Minister gained his In- 
i format ton about Colin Moyle: he referred 
' lodlscrepanclesbetweenMoyle'aex- 
ptanationsand the details Ihai were on 
| pollceflles. The North Report staled that 
the lileshad not been leaked toany 
government minister, bulil appears as if 
the Prime Minister has at least indirect 
sources ol information In the police 
lorce. The Implications ol this fact have 
not been lost on leliwinggroupsand 
others of his political opponents. 

The other issue is Trufft'squeer- 
bailing. The newspaper has consistently 
stirred up anti-gay prejudice, printed 
"exposes" of MP's private lives, and 
asserted that homosexuality is a suf- 
ficient reason tobar a person from public 
office. 

Speakers at a public meeting 
organized by theCommilteeloOppose 
Perseculion also pointed out that Truth 
has printed its attacks on them on the 
pages as scare stories about Ihe 
KGB. communist takeovers, and security 
risks. But even letter-writers to Truth it- 
self seem largely to regard ihis cold-war 
association of "queers" and "commies" 
as right-wing paranoia. Even so, its 
smear tactics are likely to result in the 
resignation of at least one more 
politician accused of the "crime" of 
homosexuality. 

by Lindsay Taylor 

National Gay Rights 
Coalition proposed 

During [he weekend of January 8-9 about 
30 people representing nearly as many 
organizations mel in Wellington to 
hammer out a constitution for a 
proposed National Gay Rights Coalition. 

This meeting was convened topursue 
the discussions begun at the Gay 
Liberation Conference held on ihe 
previous Labour Day weekend . The 
general consensus at that lime among 
Ihegay organizations was that a unifying 
body was needed to improve co- 
operation and communications among 
the groups and increase iheir political ef- 
fectiveness. 

Although a partial news blackout has 
been imposed. Ne w Zealand Gay News 
was opi imist ic about the weekend 
meetingand the futureot the Coalition 
Fu rt her meet i ngs are planned to 
discuss reaction Iromgroup executives 
tothe draft constitution, 

by Keith Sly __ 




Happy days are here again, according lo 
trie (Toronto) Gfooe and Marrs Ottawa 
bureau. A recent report on "The Ottawa 
Scene" began "Friday afternoons are 
happier occasions now for Liberal mem- 
bers of Parliament Fridays have always 
been drag days in Parliament and atten- 
dance on all sides of the House has been 
low..." 



Don't forget your heart pills, hon. 'cause 
you gotta stay flaccid In public. Arizona 
lawmakers have proposed a 

Homosexual Conducl amendment toa 
bill relorming the state's Penal Code. 
Theamendment would establish aone- 
year jail term and a $10,000 line lor 
anyone who "intentionally and 
knowingly engages in sexual intercourse 
or oral sex ual contact witha person ol 
the same sex." In addition, reports GPU 
News, theamendmentwouldmakeit 
illegal f or anyone lo have an erection in 
public, even if If were inside his pants. 

The city of Toronto sides with Magnus 
Hlrschfeld in believing in a"thlrd sex," 
though their theories seem lo dllfer. The 
1976 Enumeration notices ask you to 
specify your sex by check ing one of t he 
following: Male. Femate, or Business. 

Elementary, My Dear Bonar. Mr. E. Sonar 
Undsay, renowned educationist and 
past president of the Quebec 
Association ol Protestant School 
Boards, said last November that he knew 
all male elementary teachers "were a 
bunch ollrults." And hedldn't mean 
grapes. 

Anyone wanting tocorrespond with 
him about what hedld mean can write 
him at 413 Main Street, Cowansville, 
Quebec. And send him our best, won't 
you? 




The only response to Trash Is bigger 
Trash. AI least In Fori Worth, Texas 
When that burg's Star- Telegram ran Ihe 
above editorial cartoon on February 18, 
local gays responded by marching 
festively around and around Ihe block 
where ihe paper's offices are located. 

Reverend Jerry Sloan of Ihe MCC 
compared the event to Joshua's biblical 
march around Jericho, only this time 
(said the Reverend) they were trying lo 
break down "the walls of Ignorance and 
bigotry." 

No crumbling masonry was reported. 

Trash Is everywhere, but we're not. So 
when you bump Into some, send It to us. 
We're not \\is\ Injustice collectors. 

Send to: Trash, c/o The Body Politic, 
PO Box 7289, Stn A. Toronto, Canada 
M5W 1X9- 



Wholewheat: 

one of our most nutritious 

loaves and, certainly, 

the most popular. 

It is made from 

1 00% whole-grain 

stone-ground wheat flour, 

wheat flakes for added 

texture, and 

pasteurized honey. 

We bake it every day, 
Monday to Saturday. 

Try it. 



the 



UPPER 
CRUST 

natural bakery. 



1099 Yonge Street. Toronto Just i 



l of Ihe Summerhrll Liquor Store. 



FEATURES 



Br documents have recently 
en discovered thai show Dr 
)mund Freud, founder of the 
lology called psychoanalysis 
wn«ch has been used lor decades to op- 
press homosexuals, lo have been him- 
seilcons'srertifyopposedfo'neop- 
pressionot homosexuals Freud's 
famous "Letter loan American Mother" 
has often been laden as evidence that he 
was less anti-gay than many of his 
followers. There he said ihai 
"homoaexuailly is assuredly no advan- 

■ lage.bultlisnothlnglobeashamedof, 
no vice, no degrade I ion. it cannot be 
classified as an illness. Builhis eviden- 
ce hasproved slender when viewed 
against amass ol psychoanalytic theory 
Ihai took homosexuality lobea'perver- 

| ston," an "Infantile fixation," an arrest of 
1 normal" sexual development 

Intheeailtesi of these documents, an 
interview from Die Zeit (Vienna). irtOe- 
i tober1903.Freudsays 'lamevenofthe 
| Urmconvictionihalhomosexualsmust 
' notbetrealedassickneople.loraper- 

verseonenlalionislarlrombeinga 
' sickness Wouldn't that oblige us lo 
characterize as sick many great thinkers 
and scholars of all times, whose perverse 
| orientation we know for a fact and whom 
we admire precisely becauseol their 
mental health? Homosexual personsare 
! nof sick, but they also tfo not belong In a 
court of law'" 

In 1921-22, Freud and his Viennese 
associate Otto Rank, took issue with 
' some psychoanalysts who wished toex- 
cludeabomosexual doctor Irom the 
Pschoanalylic Association "We cannot 
exclude such persons," they wtole, 
"without other sullicieni reasons, as we 
cannot agree with f heir legal 
prosecution We feel thai a decision in 
such cases should depend upon 8 
thorough examination ol the other 
qualities of the candidate" 

In 1928, Freud paid honour to the early 
homosexual emancipaior Magnus Htr- 
schleldwilhaiesiimomaHnabook 
published on Hlrschteld's sixtieth birth- 
day: "I have always championed the view 
thai Dr Magnus Huschleld'slllelong 
si niggle against I he cruel and un- 
Jusllliedlnierte'ence of legislation 
against human sexual lite deserves 
. universal recognition and support ." 
i The lout h document, and perhaps the 
: most striking, is a petition to the Bilateral 

■ Commission which, m 1930, was alt em- 
i ptmg to lormulatea standardized penal 

code lot IheGerman Republic and 
Auslila.This petition urged lhat a 
paragraph which crlmi nallzed 

■ homosexual behaviour be repeated in ihe 
proposed new code "Homosexual shave 
Ihe same civil duties to fulfill as everyone 
else," said the petition. "Inthenameol 
lustice. we demand that legislation give 
(hem the same civilnghls by repealing 
the law tn question II homosexuals are 
guaranteed a lite ol human dignity, they 
will recipiocateby leading responsible 
anddignihedlives " 

1 Slgmund Freud, among others, signed 
1 Ihispetltion. Hlssupportwasreportedin 

■ aViennalabordailyon16May,1930. 

Freud's letter arguing that 
homosexuals can indeed by practicing 
psychoanalysts is published here, as far 
asweareaware, foMhelirsttime.The 
ot her doc u m e n t s appeared on ly on ce 
before — and were forgotten. JamesO. 
Sieakley, author of The Homosexual 
Emancipation Movement in Germany 
. recently discovered the lour while con- 
. linuing his research inio the early 
1 Europeangaynghtsstruggle.Nonehave 

everbetoreappearedinEnglish. Die 
I BodyPo/iricispublishingihemnowtO 
coincide with ihe meeting of the 
American Psychiatric Association in 
Toronto in May The response lo these 
documents by Freud slater disciples will 
be interesting — to say Ihe least 

Even though Freud was a consistent 
proponent of civil rights for gays, as 

'We want to thank Jim Sieakley for the 
j documents on Freud s support ol gay 
rights legislation, ana tor his translation 
lot litem 

Dr Hendrik RuiienOeek uncovered the 
Freud correspondence published here 
Located in the Special Collections Sec- 
tion ot Columbia University Library, this 
material will be published in his forth- 
comingbook. tentatively entitled Sewn 
Sword* We wish to thank hm as wen 
S/ Body Politic 



these documents incontrovemoly show, 
aiargerquestion remains. Mow are 
Freud s personal opinionson the rights 
ol gay people related to his overall 
psychological theory? Thequestionls 
important because many have charged 
lhat psychoanalysis isoppiessive with 
respect lo gays. 

Gay people ought to be familiar with 
aspects of this larger question, ought lo 
see Freud's support tor pro-gay civil 
rights not |ust in itsell. but as eilher con- 
sistent ortnconsisient with his basic 
theory Howeversirikingontheirown 
terms, the documents need to be 
evaluated within the context ol issues 
raised by psychoanalysis iiself —and 
I he ongoing debate over these Issues. 
Since theja/gon ol specialists is no more 
helpful lous than the simplilicationsof 
Ihe popu lar press, we've lou nd it con- 
venient here to imagine these issues un- 
der discussion by two friends. sitting 
outside in law n chai rs on an early sum- 
mer day — gay friends. letssay. both 
conversant wilh ihe issues and convirv 
cedof their importance 

These I wo friends — shall we sayills 
June, and lhat they aresippingLabatt's 
50as they talk? — haveiust decided to 
to address themselves directly to the 
chargethal psychoanalysis is op- 
pressive to women iThai charge is being 
handled well elsewhere) But they agree 
that it bears on their discussion and will 
be concerned with Freud's views on 
(emalepsychology when it relates direc- 
tly lo the issue of homosexuality. 

The lirsllriend begins by marshalling 
atypical accusation 

"Look. Ihe theory of psychoanalysis 
maintains from thestart lhat 
homosexuals areabnormai in their 
sexual development Moreover, since Ihe 
theory presents itsell as a science — 
and thus as a scientific method lor In- 
vestigating the naiureot the sexual lite 
of human beings — its claim that 
homosexuality Is abnormal is said lorest 
on scientific 'act 

"The very languageot psychoanalysis, 
furthermore, is condescending, even 
pejoralive, as lar as homosexuality is 
concerned Freud relers to homosexuals 
as 'inverts' and to homosexuality as in- 
version,' His theory describes homo- 
sexuality as a'sexual aberration.* It 
suggests that homosexuals have much 
incommonwllh'sexual perverts ' 
Fighting words, eh? Labels like those, af- 
ter all, have social Implicaiions! By 
parading as scientilic fact, this theory 
takes utile notice ol the social con- 
sequences ol labelling human beingsas 
inverts' and perverts and referring lo 
ihetr sexual activity as 'abnormal,' 

"And then I here's Ihe extreme par 
riarcal overtone. This isadoctrine — if 
notadogma 1 — that connects the so- 
cai led 'arrested' development of 
homosexual men and women with the 
alleged 'Inferiority' ol women: 'inferior' 
women because ot their supposed envy 
ol a male penis 1 From these premises, 
the theory claims to show thai there 
naturally' exisis behavioural charac- 
teristics which accompany one's gender 
Or. to put il another way, lhat Ihedif- 
ference between maleand female bodies 
results m differences in sex-role 
behaviour. These roles conlera 
feminine (by which Is mean r passive) 
character on women, and a mascul I ne (or 
act i ve) character on men. 

"And so, by implication, homosexual 
men are passive and 'feminine-like.' 
Homosexual women, lesbians, are 
aggressive and masculine-like .' And 
does the justification for all this 
iheon zing come Irom observing the 
varied assortment of homosexuals and 
lesbians in general? No — justtroma i 
lew observations taken from the crimes/ 
patients seen by Freud and his friends. 
"I know it was somewhat paradoxical 
for Freud to admit, as he did, that his 
sample of pat lews (and the samples of 
his disciples) could not be taken as 
representative ot homosexual men and 
women Yet he still advanced a theory 
which purported to show that there is 
suchathmgas normal' sexual develop- 
ment. 

"Need I say what constituted Ihis 
norm? Heterosexual .reproductive 
MKtaHtH ol course — the norm 

Fraud (left) and Wllrwlm Fltata, Hart-Ik 

ctoM frtand and InlirnM* corr«»pon- ;!_.—/ 



homosewuals tailed to reach 

The second inend isabii taken aback 
by the f orceof Ihis, and teaches lor his 

usual crutch 

"Come on now Surely you're aware ol 
Freud's Letter loan American Mother'! 
Where he says thai homosexuality is not 
avice or degradation or even an illness' 
That letter is squarely at odds with 
everything you'veiust attributed to 
Freud and psychoanalysis SI nee., ," 

But the firs) Iriend interrupts: 
" you come now! I'll grant you your 
liberal sentiment, and Freud his, but it we 
delve Into thai letter we find this diviner 



The 
Gay 
Rights 
Freud 



by HerbSpiers 
& Michael Lynch* 



ot ihe unconscious adding that 
psychoanalysi s considers 
homosexuality 'to bea variat ion ol 
sexual functions produced by a certain 
arresf ol sexual development ' And that's 
my point U's the theory ot sexual 
development Itsell that's at laull It 

lhat there is a normal sexual 
development which homosexuals 
haven't reached "Freudlssaylngthal 
homosexuals — thai you and I — are 
sexually immature. In our society, where 
our sexuality has a tow status anyway, 
ihe implications ol this theorizing can 
only be negative. It makes 
homosexuality into something to be 
cured. 

"Meanwhile, it gives hardly any; 
tion to the curing ot Ihe social tear and 
hatred ot homosexual men and women. 
In this regard, psychoanalytic theory is 
asocial, ahislorical, and totally 
apolitical." 

The second Inend has seen ihai his 
stock answers won't do He leans back in 
hischair, and begins rat her slowly: 

"You're right, Freuddid hold 
heterosexual ily lo be the norm. I can't 
controvert that! But I think It's important 
to understand why he thought this 

"First of ail, Freud said thai 'the 
distinction between what is sexually 



normal and abnormal, in spile ol its prac- 
tical importance, possesses only a 
conventional value ' 

"In one of his iwo mosl important 
works, Three Essays on the Theoryol 
Sexuality, he clearly stated lhat 
psyc hoanalysi s was opposed to 
distinguishing homosexuals asa 
separate sexual category Freud 
asserted that a" persons can make a 
homosexual object choice onecoiv 
scious level — and lhat all have made 
thai choice on an unconscious level He 
emphasized that exclusive 
helerosexualiiy was as much a problem 
in the scientific understanding of human 
sexual Ily as was exclusive 
homosexuality. 

"But Ihen, how could he have main- 
tainedolherwlse? Throughout hlsllfehe I 
insistedon the constitutional blsexuallty 
of all human beings. The reason most 
people don'l aci di reclly on thel r homo- 
sexual component he attributed to the 
horrendous demandsot social conlor- 
mlty. Su rely he and psychoanalys is can- 
not beheld responsible tor the history ot 
Ihe social repressions ot sexuality) 
"And Freud, Ihe most humane of 
psychologists, never claimed that 

sexuals could or should be 'cured'. 
Indeed, when he referred to the 
'curing' ot homosexuality, he put 
the verb In quotation marks. 
"You see, I can'i stale strongly 
enough one point: Ihe Import anceof 
Freud'scontrlbutlonloour understan- 
ding of Ihe nature ot sexuality, and the 
contribution lhat understanding has 
made lo the liberation ol homosexuals 
from longstanding myths. 
"Freud showed thai human sexuality Is 
not coincidental wilha'normal' sexual 
instinct, Rather, that the sexual Insiincl 
included what hecalied the 'Inversions' 
and the 'perversions' ." 

At this, friend one sils up: 

"Ahal Nowyou'teloocleverlotyour 
own good! You plead lhat Freud isn't 
guilty ol creating a theory which labels 
homosexuals as 'Inverts' and 'per- 
verts' — and Ihen go right on toclte the 
of 'Inversion' and perversion' In 
support ot Ihai Innocence! 

"To say that 'nigger' Is not an op- 
pressive word because black people 
possess Ihe quality of 'niggerness' 




FEATURES 



wouldn't inch anyone, and including in- 

mion »ndperver»(on into this toll 
rangeof human sexuality doesn I get the 
oppressive lerms invert' and 'penreri' o" 
Ihenookeltner They are latwls which 
St igmal ize human beings as being 
somehow less than human Labelling is a 
social process, and anyone who labels a 
group of people musi bear the respon- 
sibility lor trie social consequences of 
that labelling " 

Bulhis'riend. mind rapidly In motion, 
now. protests: 

"This analogy Is grossly misleading! 
Freud's use of invert ' arid pervert' can 
only be correctly understood within t he 
context of psychoanalytic theory. There, 
they nave a very restricted meaning. 
' 'Inversion' refers to Ihe fact that a per- 
son takes somebody of his or her gender 
as a sexual-object; perversion' means 
lhal a person's sexual aim, his or her ac- 
tual sexual conduct, is: primarily focused 
upon something ol her than 
genital sexual activity. Nol aJI inverts are 
perverts since, guiteclearly, 
homosexuals do engage In genital 

uaJ activity. 

II was precisely the fact that 
homosexuals doobtaln genital pleasure 
that led Freud tosuspect that we could 
not be 'cured'. 

' 'Inversion' simply means thai a per- 
son chooses someoneol the same sex 
as a sexual object Incidentally. Freud 
used the world In version 'In German. To 
Ihe German ear, this word, derived from 
Latln,does nol have the negative con- 
notation that 'inversion' does in English. 

|ust a neutral technical term 

I'm simply argutng, you see, lhatthe 
languageol any scientific theory must be 



detached Irom Ihe meanings which are 
normally attached tothe language we 
use in everyday life " 

He thinks this is a safe argument. 

easily granted and is surprised by his 
(n end's vehemence: 

"How insensitive you are! Mow naive 
to expect that the languageol scientific 
research, especially that which deals 
the behaviour ol human beingsand how 
we conceptualize that behaviour, can be 
so neatly divorced from the wordsof our 
dailylives! You seem tolhinh there is an 
invisible, but impenetrable, protective 
shield which separates scientific ter- 
minology from ordinary speech. 

"There's no such shield. The language 
of science invariably enters into our 
everyday discourse; its terminology, 
whether it's used in an accurate scien- 
tific sense or not. becomes part of our 
language as a whole. 

"Consequently, to employ words like 
'inversion' and 'perversion' under the 
blessingof science requires paying 
scrupulous heed to the possible social 
effect of Iheir scientific meaning. Every 
scientist Is part of a wider community 
and. as such, s/he bears a responsibility 
for the terms in which s/he couches 
ideas Because of Iheirsocial eminence, 
scientists may bear moreof this com- 
mon responsibility than even Ihe rest of 
us." 



Friend two thinks f or a r 
mind returns to Vienna as Freud found it 
react ing to his theory ol sexuality. He 
replies: 

"1 believe Freud would nol contest that 
point. I was jusi thinking of the hostility 
and calumny wilh which hlsown theory 



was received when he first propounded it 
at the turn of the century. Even his own 
scientific community of Viennese doc- 
tors osiraciied him intellectually. The 
general public dismissed him Yes, I have 
todilter with you further, /hold that Ihe 
language ol psychoanalysis is liberating 
"I'd even venture further — iplermsof 
sexual theorists, Freud is our Coper- 
nicus. Co pern i cu s chall enged the power 
ol the Catholic Church, showing that the 
earth revolved around the sun insteadof 
, thesuncirclingtheearthasRome 
I taught. Freud showed that there was ab- 
' solutelynothingsmlulabout sex For 
once and forall his theory of sexuality 
freed the sexual lives Ot human beings 
Irom the tyranny of religious moralizing. 
It took Ihe sin out ol sex. It taught us to 
look at sexuality and sen as the central 
components of our psychological 
1 universe. And most importantly.that 
children are sexual beings who have lor 
should have) sexual rights. This was his 
sexual revolution." 

I Thefirst friend has heard this before. 
too: 

1 "That last pan is certainly true. But 
don'l stop there. Consider the natureol 
his sexual revolution* further 

"You yourself mentioned earlier ihat 

j Freud's explanation ol sexuality in 
general — and his notionof inversion In 

I particular — requiredlookingatperson- 
persons as sexual "objects". In this 
theory, which avowedly depends upon a 
heterosexual bias, thedelinitionol 
sexual normality necessarily restson the 
gender ol that sexual object. That is, on 

; thebiologicalsexoltheperson.Sothe 

! theoryunderemphasizesthemoreim- 

i port ant laclthat Itispersons whoare 



these sexual objects in psychoanalytic 
theory, the possession ol a penis oi its 
absence becomes more significant than 
the tact of person hood Itself I 

Now when the scientist' refers to 
personsas sexual objects, there's this 
consequence: hec she creates a 
eafegory. When you create categories for 
persons, you can expect two processes 
to be involved. First, you look on persons 
as just so many ob/ects within that 
category, and secondly — II only im- 
plicitly — you make a value judgement 
about these objects The humanity, the 
individuality, the dignity of these objects 
is consequent ly overshadowed. That's 
t he result of concepts like normal', ln- 
vert'and pervert', and categories like 
'normality', 'Inversion', etc." 

Because Mend two has been distur- 
bed by this himsell, and has recently 
been thinklngof it, hisreply has already 
begun taking shape: 

"Walt — thatbothersmetoo But Isn't 
1 ltbasedonaslmplecontuslon?Tobea 
I sexual'object'lsn'tnecessarllytobe 
' depersonalized, islt?Whenltalkin 

termsof a person being a sexual object 
i lorsomeoneelse.amlnotrecognlzing 
that each human being Is different from 
every other? Different only in the sense 
I 'ji oi: trig a unique human body whichoc- 
I cupiesadlscrete space in the world? In 
. that sense, then, all human beings are 
' sexuaiobjecisinsofaraswealllook 
I upononeanotheraspotentlalsexual 

partners, as ob|ects of our desires. This 
! is all Freud meant by 'sexual-object'; it Is 
1 merely a description ot real i I v. 
I "And the categories' you refer to. 
I Don't theysimplyclasslty lypesof 
I descrlpllonwnlchwemaketoaldour 
' understanding of the world? Human 



Documents 

These documents published lor the first time in English 
establish Freud as a lifelong advocate of gay rights. 
They should be read along with his now famous "Letter lo 
an American Mother' ' ol 1935. 



1903 



5i . Freud, whom we visited yesterday 
i, made appro umaiety ihe lolloping 
qarcment 1 cannot comment upon the affair o( 
Prof. Beer in any detail, because I must rely en- 
tirely upon newspaper reports and cannot judge 
-heiher ihe suiemcnis ol ihe two boy* or ol Ihe 
defoitc attorney i* correct Like many scholars, 
1 udsocatr Ihe RUldpoInl thai ihe homoscvual 
docs not belong before i lie tribunal of a court i 












tie Mated a- sicj people, 
lor a perverse orientation is far from being a 
sickness. Wouldn't that oblige us lo charac- 
!■■■ i i as irrA many great thinkers and scholars 
ol all limes, whose perverse oncmauon we 

because of their menial health? Homosexual 
persons are nol sick, bul they alsodo nor belong 
in a court of law' Both here in Austria and :o a 
far giealet extent in Germany, a powerful 



paragraph of the lawbook which is directed 
against perverse people. Distinguished scholar* 
hasc affiliated «uh ihe movement, and it will 
draw incur larger circles until it move. 1(1 final 
victory. But n's a different matin in a case tike 
■Jul of Prof Beet, assuming ihai he is guihy as 
charged. The defendant in litis cast molded 
children under ihe age of fourteen, and such a 
person mm! t-e ionncml by ihe courts. Convic- 
ii.m would uctur on ihe same grounds if a girl 
under fourteen bad been sexually abused, and 
ihe prosecution *ould bring charges of rape, 
leducuon. or violation A conviction of two 
adull person* because of homosexual inter cour- 
■-- iv deplorable: a man guilty of abusing boys 
• i, ■ in... n,. i ,n reached the age of consenl 
should he convicted. This is my opinion, and n 
ii probably vrurcd by i Luge number of mv 



1921-22 



mi. truest June. tvn 
following Irtltr ru I mid from I ..ml on ■ 

The Dutch asked me some lime ago act 
propriety of accepting as a member 
Pi>*ncsui*JyiK Aaacttw nnJaoWotbt 
he tnanircUly homosexual t advun] aga 
and no* I hew Irons Van Eralcn ihai il 



■01 ir -i rr... ■,.... ih, 



Ifulaboul accepting Varendonck and referred 
his election to me: I spoke ol nunc in hi 
favour, i Van Emden and Varendonck wen 
well-known Dutch psychoanalysts at the lime 



tnUed: 

Vouj query cleai Ernest concerning prospec- 
ive membership of homosecual* has been con- 
idcred by us and we disagree « Hh you. In ef feci 
it cannot exclude such persons without other 
utficient reasons, as we cannot agree wilh iheir 
■-t.il prosecution. We feel that a decision in 
uch cases should depend upon a thorough 
ie other qualities of the can- 



A month Idler, a circular kller Irom I 
Sachs-Elflnglon In Berlin, reported: 

We have nol yet decided aboul the question 
of admin ing homosexual analysts lo our 
Society, but we have had some thoughts on [his 
mailer. First of all we are against any insult or 
harshness against anyone. We have had the ev- 
nctience thai homosexuals with an oyer! 
behaviour pattern can travel only pan of Ihe 
way with us Since homosexuality appears in 
many forms as a pan of a neurosis we believe 
lalyied. Our sad experiences 



imagine whai the last one has done towards a 
misunderstanding of psychoanalysis. Every 
possibility (o re-analyze these persons slops at 

their homosexuality. We agree that we only 
should accept homosexuals into our member- 
ship when they have other qualities in their 
favour. lDated22lanuary, 1922. erf.) 
Fiend-Rank replied on 12 linuary 

We recognize ihe arguments against Ihe 



against making ii 
various types of homosexuality and the dif- 
ferent m 



1928 



Magnus Hirsehfcld's lifelong struggle against 
the cruel and unjustified interference of 
legislation in liuman sexual life deserves iiniver- 



Sigmund Freud, in Richard L invert and Kurt 
Hiller icds I hur Mevxa Htrsthjeid a seinem 
60 Gtbuntat* IBerlin: Wisserischafllicb- 

humaiurjies komiice, I^Mi.p" 



The tailoring is a translation ot the ■Appeal to the Penal Justice Commission 
Concerning the Repeal ol Ihe Law on Homoseiuallty" that llrsf appeared In the 
Wiener Arbeifoneltung on 16 May 1930 ana was subsequently reprinted tr 
German newspapers, including Das Freundschaltsblatt. 



H. | ah racing — }iu aimer 

5. 3uni 1930 



1M 



20 ttfennio 



<5retiWaWa« 



Eli Appell an den McchlsansscM 

Woman d«r Aulh.bunrj d« Hom6s*iu«1lanparairaplMn 



One n| the most welcome cultural advances 
now taking place is the hi lateral standardisation 
of a reformed penal code in Austria and Ger 
many. It is all the more regrettable, therefore, 
that this standardization cannot be carried out 
fully due to Ihe (bilateral commission's! failure 
to reach agreement on several points 

Ii is most deplorable thai a difference of 
opinion has arisen concerning the penalization 
of homosexual 



likely I hat homosexuality would reappear in 
one of the ensuing generations. Homosexual in- 
tercourse is correspondingly exempt from legal 
sanction in a number of tuiopean countries — 
France, Italy, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, 
Rumania, Ihe French and Italian cantons ot 
Switzerland — as well as in Brazil, Japan, 
Turkey, and Russia, 

This law icpresenis an extreme violation of 
human right*, because it denies homosexuals 
iheir very sexuality even though Ihe interests of 
ihird panics are nol encroached upon. The 
most terrible consequence is blackmail, which 
Ihe police officially expect as a mailer of course 
and which drives many homosexuals to suicide. 
Penalization thereby directly aids and abets the 
felony of blackmail. 

A second, extremely grievous consequence 
lies in the fad thai homosexuals who could play 
a constructive role in society are oden rendered 
antisocial by being stigmatized as criminals, 
although to their own way of thinking they are 
entirely innocent. Sly. devious homosexuals 
know how to escape conflict with Ihe law, 
»hereas honest and deccnl homosexuals musi 
navigate a lifelong course among the shoals of 
state legal sanction, blackmail, neurosis or 
psychosis, and despair. Without the least per- 
sonal guilt, homosexuals arc drowning in a sea 
of lies. 

Homosexuals have the same civil dunes to 
fulfill as everyone else. In ihe name of justice, 
we demand that legislators give ihem Ihe same 
civil rights try repealing the law in question If 
homosexual* nc guaranteed a lite dI bmnU 
dignity, ihey will reciprocate by leading respon- 
sible and digni lied Ii tea . 
Arfur Schnmler, Sfelen Zweig, Frani Werfel. 



adult males. The German penal committee took 
a stand in favour of repeal (in 19291. bul the 
Austrian committee has now taken the contrary 
standpoint. A straw vote taken at the most 
recent conference of the bilateral penal code 
commission resulted in a vole of IS lo 23, 
manifesting a strong tendency in favour of 
repeal. This is an issue which should be dealt 
wilh in a non-partisan fashion, and il II fitting 
that ihe German committee members were free 
to vote without being bound lo ihe positions of 
iheir respective political parties 

We. the undersigned, direct an urgent appeal 
lo the members of Ihe bilaieralcommi vi on and 
to ihe (Austrian) National Council: for reasons 
of humanity, justice, and reason, the German 
standpoint should be adopted. 

Homose\uality has been present throughout 
history and among all peoples According lo 
scrupulous statistical surveys, as many as ten 
thousand homosexual men may lie in Austria. 
Thar sexual orientation is just as inherent to 
ihem is n lhal of heterosexual* The Male has 
no valid interest in attempting lo motivate 
heterosexual intercourse or marriage on the part 
of homosexuals, for this would perlotce lead lo 
unhapptnesa for [heir partners, and it is quite 
Among the signers ol this "Appeal" 

Jakob Wassermann. Ot Hermann Eckel 'President. Austrian Bar Association), Professor 
Hermann SwoOoda. Professor Montz Schllct and Professor Sifsmurid Freud. 
(The German penal committee referred to in this "Appeal" recommended to the German 
Legislature, the Reichstag, repeal ol Paragraph 1 75. This was the Ian that since 1871, 
had criminalized homosexual relations Trie Reichstag never voted on the recommen- 
dation- Indeed, under Hitler in 1935 (he lew was broadened to criminalize not lust sodomy 






-£c/sj 



DYKES 



Beingsare part of ihe world, so why 
inouid wo e.empi them Irom acieni'tic 

study? 

"Thereisnothlrig necessarily in- 
humane about lhis.il seems lome.One 
psychoanalyst. I should nolo, lakes the 
*w0 perversion to describe thequafify 
of a relationship bet ween two per- 
sons — whelher ihe personsare 
homosexual or heterosexual A perver- 
ted' relationship is one in which too little 
regard Is paid to the humanity ol each 
person Involved! 

"In view ol mm moralizing kindol 
science , ll's Ironic In the extreme to 
fault Freud lor his careful use of a con- 
cept like sexual object ' " 

AlhlB polni, lei us Imagine, the 
rwo friends are out ol beer 
When friend two rel urns from 
I the house wiih more, he also 
has ihe mail: agay liberation journal that 
confains lour previously unknown 
documents showing Freud's support for 
homosexual civil rights He resumes. 

"Thlslelterfrom D/eZeff — aperver- 
se orientation Is far from being a 
sickness.' Whaiever else Freud meanl by 
perverse', this makes it clear that he 
didn'i mean slckl He could not. Wouldn't 
11 bellselt perverse — inoureveryday 
sensed ihe term, ol course — if the 
lounder ol a psychological school ol 
ihoughl like psychoanalysts would have 
conscienced openly within its midst Ihe 
presenceot persons he regarded as sick 
or mentally III? 

"And Ihese tellers from 1921-22. 
Freud, opposing some of his 
professional colleagues lo maintain that 
homosexuals should not automatical I y 
be barred from becoming practicing 
psychoanalysis. Look al thesel Freud's 
English follower, Ernest Jones, sought 
Freud's opinion as lo whelher pracl icing 
homomsexuais should be admitted to 
the Psychoanalytic Assoclallon. 
Remember thai Freud'sanswertothls 
query isall the more lelllng in light of the 
fact that Ihe person concerning whom 
the quest Ion inllially arose — a Dutch 
doctorwho sought admittance — was 
later detected as a homosexual and 
commllled to prison. Remember also Ihe 
timesl Any Incidenceof a homosexual 
psychoanalyst being arrested for 
engaging in homosexual acts, even with 
an adult, could only have summoned lur- 
Iher discredit upon Freud's 
psychoanalysis and Its movement. But 
Freud'sanswer was undeterred, 

"Ol course, Ihls wasn't theendof Ihe 
matter. A month later Freud received a 
letter Irom the Berlin circle ol psycho- 
analysts, a leiier which put the 
Issue even more dramatically. They 
w role: 'We have had the experience thai 
homosexuals wil h an overt behaviour 
pattern can travel only pan ot the way 
withus Slncehomosexualltyappearsin 
many forms as part of a neurosis we 
believe thai it should be analyzed. (One 
becomes an analyst, ol course, after 
passing through analysis oneself). And 
to Ihls Freud answered thai though he 
recognized the argument s, Iheexciuslon 
ol homosexuals Irom the profession 
should not be made a law 'considering 
the various lypesol homosexuality and 
thedKlerent mechanisms ol cause.' 

"And here Is Freud's 1928 praiseol 
Magnus Hitschleid Thoughwedon'l 
know Freud's opinion ol Hlrschf eld's 
homosexual 1 1 y, we do know lhat the let- 
ter Irom the Berlin disciples had spoken 
skeptically ot n Nonetheless, Freud's 
praiseol 'Htrschleld'slilelong struggle 
againstihe cruel and unjustified Inter- 
I lerenceol legislation inhuman sexual 
ute is outspoken and uncompromising. 

Finally, by 1930 Freud had signed this 
petition — one muchlikethe more 
famous one Hlrschf eld had circulated 
during the previous decade — urging 
decriminalization of mosl homosexual 
activity Tnepetitionspeaksollheillel- 
lects ol the blackmail threat, and urges 
lhat without such effects homosexuals 
can lead responsible and dignified lives' 
like everyone else 

Friend one is silent, and friend two 
can't helpbutnol Ice: 

tou ve been silenced at last? Good' 
But you shouldn't really be astonished 
As la/ back as 1908. Freud condemned 
most forcefully ihe civilized' sexual 
morality ol contemporary Western 
10/eodyPolllic 



culture Why? Because ot its adverse el 
tects upon society in general, and upon 
ihe happiness ol individuals m par 
licular The sum of Ihese necessitated, 
he said. Ihe uigency ol sexual reform. 
There's pleasure, but no reai surprise, 
then, In llndi ng these document s-' ' 

By now friend one has found his 
tongue: 

"Okay, Freud was a liberal. Go ahead 
and praise him for thai. But white his 
record on homosexual rights is ad- 
mirable, even invaluable if viewed 
historically, I still say this: he is chiefly 
concerned wit h the rights ol 
men — "men" witha small m. 

"inhisoneprotractedstudyol 

i, Freud attributes thai which 



lesbiani: 



iiimableiniesbians — guess 
I what? — lothelr "masculine" com- 
ponent f Since you have so liberally 
quoted Irom Freud lo defend him, I will 
i nowquotehlmbacktoyou.(lmemorized 
Ihls bit lasi year, it appalled me so). 
"Toundersiand the coniext, I should 
, note lhat Freud is here speaking ol quali- 
j iieswhichheobservedinhls lesbian 
patient: Some of her intellectual at- 
tnbutes also could be connected with 
masculinity: for instance, heracuteness 
of comprehension and her lucid objec- 
iiviiy, m solar as she was not dominated 
by the passions Ol course, Ihe passion 
' to which he relers is her love lor another 

" Jusl because women don't have 
penises. Freud believed Ihal an un- 
avoidable Inferiority complex is Ihe lot 
ol women. II I recall correctly, he even 
says Ih3t 'being a woman means 
possessing a weaker sexual Inst met .' 
This was not )usl a quirk on his part. He 
held this view lo Ihe very end ol his life. 
My memory's prelly lair so I also recall 
the following, lis from his New In- 
troductory Lectures on Psychoanalysts, 
abookhewfolelaterlnhiscareer 'Weat- 
trlbute to women a greater amount ol 
narcissism (and this influences their ot> 
)ecl-choice) so that lor ihem to be loved 
lea stronger need lhan to love ' He went 
on to claim that 'their vanity is partly a 
further ellect ol penis-envy, lor they are 
driven to rale their physical charms more 
highly as a belaled compensation for 
their original sexual inferiority.' 

"This Is |usl plain reactionary' 
Whelher unlnienllonalornol.il serves to 
maintain male pnviiegeand to stifle the 
lull liberation ol women. And I know you 
agree tharihe liberation ol women and 
the liberation of homosexuals Isoneand 
Ihe same light. 

"So I say thai the implicallonsof his 
theory substantially weaken ihe 
progressive views on homosexual 
emancipation that he publically 
espoused. 

"What Freud was putting into practice 
was not what Freud preached." 

Satisfied wit hthisclimax, Inendone 
sits back and finishes his beer. Friend 
two, perplexed, stumbles to reply: 

"Well, yes, you're right. In hlsown 
therapy with patients he overlooked the 
very importance heat lached in theory to 
mankind's bisexuality He just didn't get 
Irom hismale pat ients the female sideol 
j their psychology. And sohetnlsunder- 
stood feminine psychology. 
1 "Llkesomanyolus, Freud's sexism' 
. was his failure to put into practice whal 
| hepreached In theory, thefact that 
psychologically there existsa' woman' m 
! every'man'anda'man'inevery woman' 
1 I wonder il discrimination against 
j women results, in panal least. Irom the 
I lacithatwemenjuslwon'tacceptour 
(eminineside? And then, proving the 
point, we oppress women through Ihe 
major social and political mslitut ions 
which we as men basically control," 

We'll interrupt ihe conver- 
sation, and the beer on this 
last note — hoping that i he 
dialogue leaves some im- 
pression o! the type ol sore spots lhat 
e.ist m psychoanalytic theory as Freud 
formulated it Still, alew closing words 
are in order words which our imagined 
friends undoubtedly would have gotten 
around to eventually 

Freud's theory musl be judged in lis 
pans and as a whole Isolated passages 
can be lound lor both praise and 

canKJonpao.ZJ 



Custody Rights 
for Lesbian Mothers 

Acontribution toastrategy discussion" 



There are two common mistakes made 
in evaluating lesbian child custody 
cases. Sometimes a closeted approach 
Isadvocatedbyllmldleministswhosay 
that lesbianism or homosexuality, as 
grounds for divorce or as a factor ina 
child custody dispute, is a threat to every 
woman And lhat this klndof bigotry 
could be used randomly 

While Ihls may be true, n overlooks ihe 
iact that most women threatened by ac- 
cusations ol lesbianism are lesbians. 
Succumbing to the fear that potential 
supporters will be losl through direct 
association wilh lesbianism is 
dangerous and defeatist Trying to make 
lesbianism more palalable appeal s to no 
one. Not the straight women who are 
ollen target sol these appeals (they 
aren't taken In by the ruse). Nor to 
lesbians who will only benefit from clear- 
cut vicioriesand unambiguous support 
otlheirrighis. 




II is true Ihal there arealso many 
lesbians who shy away from polillcal ac- 
tion lhat openly involves lesbians. Bui 
this problem will only be overcome by (he 
bu I Idi ng ol strong lesbian and gay 
movements and communilies that can 
gwesuch women the strength and con- 
fidence locome out. Not by trying to 
convince them lhat there is an "under the 
lable" way lolighl lor their rights — that 
wecanwin custody rights for lesbian 
mothers by pretending lo light tor 
somelhingelse. 

Some gay liberationism react lo this 

1 position by going to ihe other extreme. 
Theytake the posit ion Ihal, it a child 
custody casedoesnol automatically in- 
volve an up-front attitude lowards 
lesbianism, then political peoplecannot 

, afford to expend more than sympathy in 
supportofit Amorereasonableap- 
proach would fall somewhere between 
these iwo, 

The gay liberation movemenl's 
strategy of public act ion lor civil rights 

' seeks to combat Ihe invisibility ol gay 
people al the same lime as if exposes lo 
public view those lawsandinst i lull'.";. 
lhat oppress us. We hope to mobilize gay 
peopleandoursupporters lodghi for 
concrete changes Wehope that Ihe fight 

will educate, gay peopleaboul our 

struggle and that the changes we win will 
Improve each ol our lives 



How dowe apply Ihls strategy to 
custody rights struggles) A civil rights 
orientation is a way todemonstrale lo 
gay people lhat Ihe movemenl takes 
their needs seriously Lesbian mothers 
are olten among the mosl severly op- 
pressed gay peopleand we must not 
overlook, or appear looverlook. their 
pressing needs Ourcivil rights demands 
win support because they can be widely 
understood, by gays and straights alike. 
We need not fear thai gay people will be 
less willing lo support a child custody 
campaign because II Is not able to be as 
public as we would like. 

Another pari ol our strategy — win- 
ning public (I. e straighl)support lor Ihe 
changes we seek — Isnotlikelylobeas 
easily accomplished And this n.s:; in (!.■ 
or nothing to do wilh how public such a 
easels It is difficult tor straights lo 
grasp the Importance of . and lend sup- 
port lo. the child custody struggle. For 
example, the Ontario New Democratic 
Party, a body that is usually sympathetic 
logay rights, had somedlllicully coming 
to terms with CGRO's child custody 
demandalaconlerenceln Kingston last 
year. Thedemand was not adopted as 
party policy , and a gay correspondent 
described It as one ol the "nutty" 
demands ol theconlerence. 

Reverence for (he lamllyas a bastion 
ol "natural heterosexual ity" Is 
widespread, even among our lair- 
weat her liberal Mends. Ex tensive public 
re-education Is necessary so thai when 
circumstances require It, we can call 
upon the same kindol support lhat the 
gay movemenl has mobilized lor John 
Damien. 

While it is much easier for a gay person 
than a straight lo understand that It is 
homophobic and unjust todeprive a 
lesbian ol her children because ol her 
homosexuality, even gays could profit 
Irom some re-education Many gay men 
are reluclantio support issues primarily 
I involving lesbians (Just as Ihe converse 
I istruejandithasevenbeenihesadex- 
. perienceol lesbian mothers losee other 
lesbians dissociate Ihemselves Irom gay 
women with children. 
But education atone will nol make the 
I difference. The gay and lesbian 
I movemenlsmustsupportthestnjggles 
I thataregoingoninourowncom- 
munities on whatever level is possible. A 
precedenl in a provincial, or higher, court 
' could serve as concrete encouragement 

to women lo pursue Iheir rights ralher 
i than settle unsalislactorilyoul of court, 
which so often happens now 

It isdltficult to raise money when a 
case cannot be entirely public, But since i 
adequate funds are frequently crucial In 
' jfn id custody cases, fund raising is one 

MiTMtjutionwecan make in hopes ol 
securing such aprecedent Members of 
the movements can also build confi- 
dence by showing themselves as corn- 
mil ted people prepared to defend gay 
women in need And some day we will be 
able to apply our public action strategy 
fully it wilitakeacourageous lesbian 
wholsnol willing togiveupeven though 
the other avenues of retaining her child 
or children have been closed loher Lei 
us hope I hat when such a woman comes 
forward ine movements will have been 
able to do i he necessary ground work to 
give her the support she needs 

by Chris Beerchell 



Our Ima ge 

Tha DD Douioui Qi innlpmpnl V J 



The BP Review Supplement 



Number 8 




A gay Icon: James Dean In GianM1953). Tha s. 
suggests Dean's conlradlctory Imageln film: 
Since the gay movement began we 
have Insisted on the cenlralilyof Ihe 
media (understood In its widest sense as ' 
acarr ler, relnf orcer or shaper of our op- I 
pression). Sometimes we have gone 
ovei board In blaming Ihe mass 
media— they are only oneol the in- 
struments of oppression. More impor- 
tant, we have tended locondemn images 
of gayness in Ihe name of aesthetic con- I 
cepts and values thai are highly 
1 problematic We've I ended to demand 
I that gay characters and themes be 
represented according to certain ideas 
and Ideals about what art is, without 
seeing thai such ideas and ideals are 
straight ones, not neutral or transparenl 
t>ut imbued with a sexual ideology (hat ' 
has anti-gayness as one oi Its corner- 

Expression 

Many critics, especially in gay publica- 
tions, are concerned with how gayness 
expresses itself on film. Running 
throughall of these articles is the notion 
of lhe"gay sensibility," which has been 
defined by one critic as "a crealive 
energy reflectmgaconsciousness dif- 
lerent fromlhemamslream.a 
heightened awareness of certain human 
complications of reeling that spring from 
the fact of social oppression; in fact, a 
percept ion of the world which is 
coloured, shaped, directed anddefined 
by. Ihefaci of one's homosexuality.'' 

There is already a problem here with 
the notion ofagay sensibility It appears 
to suggest that the very fact of being op- 
pressed, and of being able to pass 
became one s "stigma' need not show. 
automatically produces the gay sen- 
sibility lamcertainlyhappyto 
acknowledge the (act of this sensicniit> 
but it has to be understood as something 
i hat has been and is produced and prac- 
tised in history and culture. It is the 
specific way we ic rather, a relatively out 
minority) have found of coping with 



□ required hi 



mphitl 



and resisting our oppression and our 
peculiarsilualion as "invisible" 
stigmatised people. Oppression does 

nol lust produce a subcultural sen- 



or he is most likely not aware. Even II , gayness, devlancy and crime The actual 

; filmsdid have individual authors (as realization of the gay scenecan find no 

: mostundergroundfllmsdo),itwouldslill wayroundlhetradltlonolrecordingthe 

not alter the problem. The author may grotesque. The milieu Is sketched in by 



sibilityjl merely provides t he condiilons have any qualities you like; but the | cutting from bizarre face to bizarre face, 
In relation to which oppressed people cinematic language has connotations [ accompanied by snatches ot dialogue 
create their own subcultureandatten- and conventions that escape the author. lifted out of context, as the protagonist 
dant sensibility. Takea film like The Detective, which sets supposedly looks round and takes in ihe 
A second problem is lhat it is in fact out to be sympathetic, putsa major star gay environment. This Is aconventlonaf 
ratherhardforanindrwdoafsensibllltyto (FrankSinalra)asadefenderofgaysand representatlonofthegayscene — corn- 
details some of the forms our op- paresimilar scenes in The Killing ot 
^^^^^^^^ pressfon(andsetf-oppression)takes,but j Sister George, New Face In Hell, The 
'H^H|^^HjH|j I nonetheless cannot help bui reproduce i Naked Civil Servant, etc. 
^^^^^^^M ^^ _ thedominantimageofgays.Theactual Nor Is ihe problem confined tocom- 
^M ^^^^^^ ^^^^^k conventions ol Ihe Mm are more power- mercial cinema {Indeed, as has been 
H ^^r^^^fc^^r^^^^ lull nan Ihe intentions ot script writer and poinledout.lhe very Obviousness of Ihe 
^M H^ H^l^LVL^L^B Star TrilJS,r,es,ar ' sunassa ' laDle .conventions in commercial cinema may 



' star. Thus the star's unassailable 
heterosexualily and cent rality to the ac- 
tion demands agay passivity in the 
narralive — astraighthastoactforus; 



celluloi 



• • 



Gay people haven't been 
seen much on film 
but even so, the medium 
has helped to define 
ourworld 

by Richard Dyer 

surlaceintiim Thisispartlyoecauseso 
many different people work on afilm. in 
an often fragmented and long-drawn-out 
production schedule Even the director 
has limited room tor manoeuvre. But 
more importantly it is because any artist 
in any medium whatsoever is working 
with a tradition, aset of conventions, that 
are imbued with meanings that she or he 
cannot change, and indeed of which she 



mean that they are easier to manipulate 
' in progressive ways than the hidden con- 
ventions of "art cinema"). Thus in con- 
temporary French cinema there is really 
in lie to choose bel ween the lesbian in 
Emmanuelte, an obvious exploitation 
lilm, and those in LesBiches, directed by 
critically acclaimed Claude Chabrol. 
and Ihe feminist film La Fiancee du 
Pirate — except that she is actually 
rather nicer in Emmanuelle. This Is 
because in every case the film is made 
n a straight framework — women 



ghetto 



the bleak view of sexual relations in 
American thrillers like this means tha! 
gayness is seen as part ol a web Of sexual 
sickness, equated especially with the 
hero's wife's nymphomanias e she lan- 
cies men other than him!) As well, the 
gay scene can be shown legitimately 
onlyat points in the plot relating to crime. 
(why else would Sinatra be interested- 1 
and so enforces the link between 



seen only in relation to men — and the 
lesbianism is ihereas a facet of the het 
world-view. In Ihe case of the first two. 
ihe attraction of lesbianism is evoked the 
better to assert the superiority of het- 
nese; in t he case of La Ftanceedu Pirate, 
the lesbian seems to represent a ' sick " 
way of being an independent woman as 
compared to the heroine's choice ol In- 
dependence through prostitution (which 

BodyPotltlc/ll 



OUR IMAGE 



Books 
Mass Media 
The Arts 




Contents 



FEATURES 

The Celluloid Ghetto 11 

BOOKS 

A Woman Appeared to Me 14 

The Ripening Fig and The Legacy 15 

Growing Up Gay 16 

Men Loving Men 16 

We Speak tor Ourselves and 

Loving Someone Gay 17 

Sexual Stigma , 17 

Sinister Wisdom 17 

Tapestries 16 

THEATRE 

Craig Russell and Company 14 

I Love You Baby Blue Two and Cages.. 16 

Oamnee Manon, Sacree Sandra 15 

Les Apres-Mldl d'Emllle 16 

MUSIC 

Moonclrcles and Be Be K'Roche 16 

FILM 

Slapshot 17 



ai 1 0*5 her both to revenge hersei i on 
men and to leave the village) In no case is 
lesbianism expressing itsell 

in this pers pective. Jack Babuscios 
article on James Dean is Instructive 
(Jack Babusoo is a writer lor the English 
periodical. Gay News Ed > Heargues 
lhal Dean's gayness informs his three 
screen roles, giving them "depth." 
"warmth" and "sensitivity." Thus Giant, 
tor instance, allowed him to express "the 
inabilityot adolescents to relate to the 
sexual roles played out by parents." Now 
in termsol how a particular screen image 
happened tocomeabout. theroleot 
Dean's gay sensibility m modifying and 
shaping it may well have been crucial, 
and il is important tosay so But at the 
same time one has losee that, as an ex- 
pression of gayness.i! isdetormed. 
There is never the slightest suggestion 
ihalDeanlsgaylnanyolhlsroles. 
Plaio's "crush" on him In Rebel Without 
a Cause is nol reciprocated, and there is 
no such attachment in theother two 
tilms. At one level Of course, Dean, quite 
possibly through his gayness, did help 
launch a way of being human and male 
without being particularly "masculine" 
(cl.also Montgomery Gift and Anthony 
Pertilns) — andthatlsacontnbullonto 
the struggle against the sex roles. But 
Ihisslrugglecouldonlybeshownalthe 
expense oi the character's 
gayness — hehadtobeseenasem- 
piratically heterosexual. Moreover, the 
narrative frameworks ol thetllms ln- 
pliciiiy reinforce heterosexual sex-role 
norms. The point about Dean's roles as 
rotes (rather than (Inequalities hlspsr- 
/ormance suggests, which may well be in 
contradiction wilhlhe roles). Is that he 
Is. in Easto' Eden and Rebel Without a 
Cause, the son of, in the fust case.a 
strong mother, and, in the second, a 
weak lather The stress on the "extraor- 
dlnary'qualllyol these parents [Jo Van 
Fleet in Eden always photographed In 
shadow and wlthdramatic "ex- 
pressionist" techniques of lighting and 
camera angle, Jim Backus played 'or 
laughsand palhos In Rebel) implies the 
propriety ot the ordinary parental roles of 
"weak" mot her and "strong" lather 

Dean, ol course, had a following, and It 
was undoubtedly because o! the kind of 
non-butch imaged being a man that he 
projected, an image that gay men have 
been in a particularly good position to 
imagine and deline — Idon'twantto 



deny his contribution nor its gay roots 
But his contribution is made, inevitably, 
at theeipenseot gayness, It is, 
moreover. In an artistic form where his 
tunc lion in the narrative contradicts the 
implications of his image People may 
have taken away an image ot gentle sen- 
sitive ways ol being a man, but they may 
also have taken away asense of 
neuroticismbomof inadequately per- 
formed sex roles. Films, and most art. are 
usually contradictory and open to alter- 
native interpretations, and as long as it is 

1 aquesliono' msertinggaynessinto 
films as they are, any full, undeformed 
expression of the gay sensibility will 
tend to be merely a weak counterpoint to 

1 the reinlorcement of heterosexual sex- 

I role norms 

Ordinary human beings 

I Avery common stance of straight critics, 
I and even many within the gay movement, 
' is that films should show that gay people 
arejustordlnary human beings. Highest 
praise isgranted to those IHms where it 
is apparently "incidental" I hat I he 
characters and milieux are gay 

It may be true that we are still at the 
stage where we need toassert, toothers 
and ic ourselves, i hai we are pari ol the 
human race But this assumes that there 
is noreai difference between being gay 
and being straight. Yet. froma 
materialist standpoint, gayness is dll- 
' terent physically, emotionally and 
■ socially Iromhetness 
I II is physically dllferent not in the sense 
; ot Involving different genetic factors 
| butinthesenseolbelngadlllerent 
j physical activity — two women in bed 
| together is nol the same as a manand a 
woman together or two men. Ills dlt- 
j ferent emotionally because it involves 
! twopeoplewhohave received broadly 
\ the same socialisation and have thus 
lormed their personalities In relation to 
I he same pressures and experiences 
! Gayness Is socially dllterenl because II 
is oppressed Oppression enters Into 
i straight relationships, of course, partly 
through the legacy of Puritanism in its 
, various lorms and partly through theop- 
presslon wiihm straight relationshlpsot 
; women by men. But the heterosexual 
impulse is not Itself condemned (except 
in extreme inslances)anda space Is 
allowed for It in marriage. We, on the 
other hand, have nearly always been 



condemned lor even having gay desire*. 
and noreai social legitimacy (in a wider 
sense than mere lackol legal constrain 
tsihaseverbeenallowedus I don't wish 
to imply that we are different in every way 
fromhets — tntermsolaapectaofour 
lives not directly involving relationships, 
we are, clearly, the same Our bodily 
(unctions, how wedoour work, our in- 
tellectual and creative abilities, all these 
are in no way different except insofar as 
they involve relationships The trouble 
is, of course, that they do — so much of 
Hie is relationships, and even where 
there is nophysical sexual expression, 
, the sexual reality ol our lives necesanly 
| informs them. 

\ What this boils down to in terms ot 
lllmsisthailfyouareiepresenting 
sexual and emotional relalionshipson 
screen, it does make a difference 
whether iheyaiegay or straight. One will 
. not doasametaphorlor theother, 
neither will doas general metaphors tor 
human sexuality and relationships. In 
assessing, tor instance, the klndot 
power struggles and games portrayed in 
The Klllmgot Sister George. Staircase. 
The Bitter Tears olPetra von Kant, and 
The Boys in the Band, one has todecide 
whether these are the power games 
1 goingon in gay relationships (termed 
and practised In a situation otop- 
i presslon), or whether these are the power 
games going on instralght relationships 
(formed and practised in a situation 
where men oppress women). If the latter, 
are they transposed toostenslble gay 
characters in order to give the verdict Of 
| "sick"and "neurotic" to heterosexual 
I hang-upsbyascriblngthemto 
I homosexualpeople?Thefllmsmen- 
I lionedseemtomelobesolacklnginany 
I sense ot the reality ol oppression (the 
I social situation ot gayness) and of gay 

sexuality (the physical activity ol 
| gayness) as to make the second Inter- 
pretation the more likely. 

A further reason lor accepting this In- 
terpretation is that it is a characteristic of 
, a minority of gay relationships to imitate 
straight marriages' Thus superliclally, 
j seen from the outside, gay relationships 
' can be reduced to the lormsof conflict ol 
, straightones.Atthesamelime, 
| however.lt Is implied that It Isthe 
"tragic" impossibility of gays actually 
i being married and straight that accounts 

tor the conflicts. In this way such 
' domesticdramasol "gay" litearedoubly 



Contrib utors 



Barry D. Adam, 24, isa sociologist and 

member of the steering commltteeof 

Windsor Gay Unlty. 

Sherrill Cheda tsa librarian and co-editor 

ot Emergency Librarian. 

Judith Crewe isan Alberta lesbian poet 

whose lirsi book of poetry has recently 

been published by Catalyst Press. 

Ron Dayman is a Montreal gay activist 

who has researched gay themes In 

Ouebecois literature. 

Harvey Hamburg Is a Marl tl me native 

who arrived In Toronto's gay community 

by way ot Winnipeg. New projects to help 

gay peoplea/e his specialty. 

i JeanKowalewsklisaTorontoiibrarian 
currently workingon onan MA in 

i UngulslicsatYorkUnlverslty. 
Daphne Kutzner pretends to bea PhD 

I candidate In English Llteratureat In- 

! diana University while writing ihe Great 

1 American Lesbian Novel. 

1 llonaLaney,21,hasbeenalesblan 
feminist tor nearly live years(her parents 
"know"), A civil servant pining to bean 
artist, she is presently involved in 
LesblanOrganizationofTorontoiLOOT). 
David Mole, a s t udent ot Canadian 

j economic history at the University ot 

; Toronto, promisesa Definitive Work in 
his future. 

Fiona Rattray is a Toronto high school 
student who is in ihe Lesbian Caucus 
and on the Executive Committee of 
GATE Toronto 

Michael fllordon is a freelance writer and 
playwright sharing digs with a friendly 
poller on Toronto Island. Michael is 
Educat Ion Coordinator for GATE 
Toronto 

Robert Trow is a Tor onio rabbit disguised 
asaparamedic at Hassle Free Clinic He 
haaabeautitul lover 

Robert Wallace, playwright and director. 
loaches English and Humanities al 
Glendon College, York University, in 

Toronto 
12/ Body Politic 




The angutth.,- 

Bfl DirkBogarae,v7cHrn(1960j. 
jajresDean,fle&e!LVirnoufaCause<19S6>,Re< 

. Sr*/rca«|t960l.Kon 
nethNeaonandFred*'-' > Combs. The Boys in the 
8a/)d(!970), Hanna Schyguita and Ma/git CarlenMn, 
The Bitter Te*rt ot Petra VonKsntnW?) 



OUR IMAGE 



r«*ssunng for I he straight 

audience — iheyaJlowittoirtewprob- 

Itnu of heteiose i u*l i !y (which psycho 
logically Iheynodoubt need tol without 
being shown that these are the>f own pro- 
blem* They ere shown instead how 
tragically impossible a straight lite is lor 
gays All this is confirmed by the way 
straight critics, presented wilh a similar 
drama Involving net people I Who s Alraid 
of Virginia Woolly, promptly turned 
around and assened (hal 11 was really a 
disguised homosexual play! This. des- 
pite A i bee's assurances to the contrary 

Realism 

Lingering behind much of the criticism 
Ol the representation of gays In films is 
t he leeling that ii is not real, it does nol 
show gay people as they really are 

Realism isoneolthe trickiest terms in 
the whole critical vocabulary — yet It is 
endlesslyevoked.ollen with recourse to 
synonyms like "convincing," "true-to- 
hle." "plausible" and so on What this 
means is that we require films to present 
us with settings, people, events that as 
closely as possible resemble day-to-day 
lile, granting a little artistic licence We 
lend not to recognize how tied tocon- 
venlion realism is, although one has only 
to look at the real ism of earlier periods 
iBniish 30's documenlary. Italian neo- 
realism, 'Method' acting) tosee both how 
styhzedal! realisms actually are, and 
how each realist stylecarnes all sorts of 
cultural, historical connotations with il. 

However, Ihe problem with realism Is 
the lacl lhal it is really only capable of 
capturing Ihe surfaced lite— it cannot 
capture what Is going on inside people's 
heads, nor can it capture Ihe social for- 
ces that determine the surf ace olllle. 

Intact.lt is very hard lot realism' todo 
anylhing but reproduce dominant 
Ideology In everyday lileobjectsand ap- 
pearances have, llrsl, an ob|ecliveslatus 
in iheblo-physical world, and second, a 
range of potential signlllcanceslorus in- 
dividually, alt hough dominant in that 
range is what our culture has laughl us 10 
associate with Ihem Bui once objects 
and appearances ate filmed, Ihey can 
only mean to us whal they mean In Ihe 
film They are signs whose only bio- 
physical stalus is celluloid- It Ihen 
becomes exceedingly difficult for them 
to mean anything but what they predom- 
inantly mean In our culture. Thus, to 



show gay people realistically on the 
screen means to show Ihem within the 
conventions of the prevailing cinematic 
realism This m turn means reproducing 
society' s ideas and assumpt ions about 
how gays really are. Whatever its inten- 
tions (and the intentions ot realist film 
matters are seldom anything but 
generous), a 'realist' lilm about gays is 
unlikely to chal lenge the audience's 
assumptions about gay people While we 
as gays may read the everyday surface 
represented Iperhaps quite accurately) 
according toour sub-cultural under- 
standings, the rest of the audience is per- 
fectly Iree to read It according loits 
dominant cultural understandings 

Realism can, within its conventions, 
show Ihe look of gay life, but it cannot 
show how it reefs, and whal it means to 
gay people, nor can il show the social 
pressures thai act on us and so produce 
the look of gay life. This is neatly demon- 
strated in the lilm Victim, which is amix- 
tureol liberal realism and crime thriller. 
The nolion of oppression comes across 
, m the film, but only because ot the non- 
realist elements. It is. for example, a 
major star (Oirk Bogarde. thenapin-up) 
who is blackmailed for being gay. and the 
thriller narrative clearly assigns villainy 
to Ihe blackmailers, not the gays. The de- 
piction of gay life is, in the conventions 
of Ihe lime, realistic enough — but the 
conventions ol the limeare such that 
real' can oil/ mean thekindol sick- 
ness' view ol homosexuality that the 
dim's title would suggest Thus, while 
oaynessdoes not connote evil, it does con- 
note sickness — Ihe dominant bourgeois 
view of us. as Wolfenden's report revealed. 



Stereotypes 



No term is more frequent in gay criticism 
' of Iheclnema than 'stereotype. 'Cer- 
tainly weareiighl to beangry about the 
succession ot pathetic, ridiculousand 
grotesque figures that are supposed to 
be us up Ihere on Ihe screen. 

We may define stereotypes asa 
melhodotone-dlmensional character- 
ization — that is. constructing a total 
I characler by Ihe very mention of one 
dimension ol her or his characteristics. 
Thus, toknow that a characler Is lesbian 
is immediately loknow thai she Is 
aggressive, frustrated, loud-mouthed, 
big-boned and perverse. All art, indeed 
all our thought s about the world, uses 



typecast ing . bul when we label s 

a grocer' or a doctor, we usually as- 
sume that that does not tell us all we 
need toknow about himland we usually 
assume it is a mam Whereas it is as 
sumed that stereotypes such as the 
dumb blonde, the happy nigger, the bull 
dyke and (he camp queen lellusall we 
need to know 

Thus far we can agree that stereotyp- 
ing is a Bad Thing. However, behind this 
notion ot stereotypes there lingers 
another nolion which may be equally un- 
desirable — the ideaol the "rounded" 
character, the type of character con- 
struction practised by nineteenth 
century novelists and advocated by theo 
hstssuchasE.M Forster This is nof Ihe 
' natural' way of depicting people in art, 
bul a particular artist Ic method tor con- 
struct ing protagon is ts in a particular nar- 
rative tradition It is a method that in- 
cludes certai n ol the domi nant val ues of 
Western society — above all. 
individualism, the beliel that an indiv- 
idual is important in and for himself, 
rather than tor her or his class, commun- 
ity or sisters and brothers. This card inal 
preceplol bourgeois ideology(ln con- 
trast toa feudal or socialist ideology) is 
built right into Ihe notion at the rounded 
character.' The individual may wellfeel 
| some pulls ot allegiance to groups with 
whoms/he identifies, but s/he is ultl- 
' matelyseenasdistinctand separate 
Iromlhegroup.and In many cases. 
, antagonistic to it. Rounded character- 
I izalionisfarlrom ideal when you need 
I (as we doiexpressionsol solidarity, com- 
mon cause, class consciousness, fra- 
ternity and sorority. 

What we need is not the replacement 
' of stereoiypesbyroundedgay 
characters (though ii would be wrong lo 
underestimate the temporarily progres- 
sive impact of films which douse 
1 rounded Characterization for gay charac 
I tets.This breaks the rules — ttisasur- 
I prise tofind Peter Finch in Sunday 
Bloody Sunday treated with Ihe same 
'roundness' as G I enda Jackson) We 
i need thedevelopmentol positively 
valued gay types. That is a represent- 
i atlonof gay people whlchdoes not deny 
' individual differences as stereotypes do. 
But which does not, unlike rounded char- 
1 acters.dlmlnishthesenseofacha/ac- 
. ler's belonging and acting in solidarity 
I withherorhlssoclal group. 
■ What the positions |ust discussed 




"Gayness is used to define the parameters 
of normality, to suggest the thrill and/or 
terror of decadence, to embody neurotic 
sexuality, or to perform various artistic/ 
ideological functions that in the end 
assert the superiority of heterosexuality." 



-and I ha torotd hilarity 
ADove Staircase 
Htght Soys in the Bantf 



seem to lack is any concept ol the op- 
eration of ideology man Films are 
treated as transparent, neutral, amere 

medium, and the distorted representa- 
tion of gayness as a correctable, regret 
table fault. As long as Ihe mesh between 
an i st i c form and doml nant ideology is 
ignored, no radical critique of gays In 
films can be accomplished. 

Where gayness occurs in films it does 
soasparr o'dominant ideology Itisnot 
there toexpress use", bul rather to 
ei press something about sexuality In 
general as undersfoodbyners Gayness 
isusedtodetine Ihe parameters of 
normality, lo suggest the thrill and/or 
terror ol decadence, toembody neurotic 
sex ual Ity, or to perform various 
artistic /ideological functions that in the 
end assert the superiority of heterosex- 
uality. We are wrong to assume that anli- 
gayness in tilms is a mere aberration on 
the part of straight society — how 
stralghtsview homosexuality is part and 
parcel Of the way thecullura teaches 
lhem(and us) to think and feel about their 
heterosexuality. Anti-gayness Is not a 
discrete ideological system, bul part Ol 
the Overall sexual ideology ol our cul lure 

This Ideology is complicated. There 
are many inllectlons of the hel norms, 
and much of the analysis of images of 
gayness has to lake this tntoaccount . 
Twoexamples — gayness in the 
American thriller tradition called "Dim 
noir"(eg The Maltese Falcon, In a 
Lonely Place, Glide, and also, one could 
' argue, in later cases such asGunn and 
1 New Face In Hell), where gayness is part 
ol a webol sexual tear and anxiety 
I (especially in the form of sexually potent 
women who endanger the hero). 
As well, the film Victim is one example ol 
a whole series of British films treating 
j sexual-social issues (such as prostitu- 
| tion, child-molesting, aduttery)as 
"problems" and "sickness," How 
gayness is represented derives from the 
1 particular inflection ol the ideology of 
j the time. 

! Moreover, and here we can take hope, 
' ideology is contradictory, ambiguous. 
I lull ot gaps and fissures. Straight culture 
isattractedas well as repelled by 
gayness, and tilms reflect this. Gay 
culture, although iisell formed and 
delotmed in the shadow of straight 
culture, does contain oppositional 
elements within it — at the very leasl.lt 
always raises the spectre of alternatives 
to the family, sex-roles and male 
dominance. For example, In the 
extremely conventional, bourgeois, 
"well-made" lilm. Summer Wishes, 
Winter Dreams, Ihe very briefly shown 
gay characters are presented as 
performing ballet grotesques. Not on the 
face ol it a positive assertion of gayness. 
Yet the film centreson the nf ts and cruel- 
lies of a heterosexual relationship, and, 
at the end of the picture, the gay relation- 
ship, alt hough not shown, is evoked as a 
positive, happy one. (The lacl that it Is off 
screen suggests how hard it is to llnd 
images to evoke this). Moreover, the 
central character's dilemma is 
structured in Ihe film (as the title 
indicates) m terms of dreams (the 
nightmare ol the ballet-gay) and wishes 
(sentimental reconciiiat ion ol son within 
the family unit). Her anguish is shown to 
stem not from reality itself but Irom how 
she thinks ot it. There is thus an 
undertow to the film which does begin to 
raise questions about the whole edifice 
of marriage, sexual relationships and so 
on. It is to such undertows that we should 
look, for they are the most likely sources 
of a cinema which undermines 
heterosexual artistic hegemony from 
within, and may in the process create a 
form ot artistic language which 
comprehends all of human sexuality and 
relationships. O 



aren't even as likeable 
as in the porn Hick 
Emmanuelie 



Lett Reoet Without a 
Cause Stressing 

the propriety Ol weak 
mothers and ilrong 
lathers. 



"The Celluloid Ghetto" was first 
published as "Gays in Film" in the British i 
journal Gay Lett (Number 2, Spring 1976|. j 
Gay Lett is a soclaii st journal published 
periodically by acolleciiveol gay people 
Copies may be obtained |S1 plus 50c 
postage) Irom: 

Gay Lelt 

36A Craven Road 

London W2, England 



Toronto Gay Alliance 
Toward Equality 



Become a GATE supporter 
Fight to end discnmina! ion. 
Add your voice to the move- 
ment (or our liberation. 
Fora minimum pledgeof$10a 
year ($5 for unemployed) we 
willgiveyou: 

• reduced admission at GATE 
dinners and dances 

• A subscription to Gay Rising, 
GATE'S monthly newsletter 

CALENDAR OF EVENTS 



• information about upcoming 
events and how you can help 
in the fight for our rights. 
Join the Lesbian Caucus 
An autonomous organization 
that seeks to mobilize the 
lesbian community of Toronto. 
Meets the second and fourth 
Sunday of each month {see 
calendar below). 
All women welcome. 



Wed May 4 
Sun May 15 
Wed May 18 
The GATE Dance 



Business meeting, 
193 Carlton, 8pm 
Lesbian caucus meeting, 
193 Carlton, 4pm 

GATE Dinner, 519Church St. 
(atWellesely)6:30pm 



Saturday May 7 
Saturday May 21 



Holy Trinity Church, 
behind the Eaton Centre 



Politics of Homosexuality. Discussion Group 



Wed May 11 
Wed May 25 



"Gay Women & Gay Men: 
OneStuggle?" 
"Working Gay People" 



Write us at 193 Carlton Street. Toronto M5A 2K7 
Or Phone us at (416)964-01 48 



OUR IMAGE 



YOU'RE INVITED! 



All Canadian lesbiansand gay men are invited to the 
Fifth National Gay Rights Conference, mftetJng on 
Dominion Day weekend in Saskatoon. 



Come join as there. 

Come help discuss the issues of our day, both general: 

sex and sexuality 
lesbian culture 
human rights (or gays 
gay youth 

police repression 
gay parents 
counselling in the gay community 
lesbian communications 

and specific: 

CBCw.gays 

1 977 electoral strategies 
the John Damien Defense 
gays In Quebec 

trade union support 

se* off enses in the Criminal Code 
lesbian rights 

Come participate in workshops, dance at the dances, 
socialize at the coffeehouses, view at the video 
presentations, meet new friends from Halifax to Victoria. 

Come join your national movement, the one that's 
getting things done. 



For lull informauon and registraUootrxrns, write to Fifth National day 
Conference. Gay Community Cenueof Saskatoon, P.O Bon 1662. Saskatoon. 
'HliMlllllfi S7r\3Rfl 



Craig Russell 
and Company 

Theatre m the Dell 
Toronto 

Reviewing a female impersonation act is 
averydicey proposition Weinevitably 
carry some oltheculturalbaggageot our 
sex-role cond it ion i ng along with us to 
the perlormance I've attended stage 
drag shows (or both straight and gay 
audiences and there's always an uneasy 
blend ol discomfort and liullation in an 
audience as the perlormer steps 
dangerously outside hisrole by donning 
women's clothes and mannerisms. 

On amore general level, it represents 
an important and long-standing tradition 
in gay culture, withardeni defenders and 
virulent critics in the gay community. 
Early gay liberationism recognised an 
exciting potential tor challenging sex 
roles by parodying them on Ihe stage and 
in the streets But many women (and 
some men), even then, lound stagedrag 
ollensively sexist, because it soeastly 
car icalures the oppressiveroles many 
women endure fora lifetime — roles 
which are shed when the show's over as 
easily as they are put on Besides, ina 
(orm ol entertainment aimed at gay men 
and liberal straights, parody can easily 
degenerate into mockery 

Craig Russell is a good female imper- 
sonator His makeup and cosluminq is 
accurate, and his mobile features 
provide some striking portrayals. The 
nighl I was there, Russell performed 
despite a Ihroal infection, which gave his 
voice a slightly hoarse quality. Quick 
exitsand entrances were hampered by a 
cramped stage shared with four 

However, Russell's temporary vocal 
impediment was put to good use in his 
first impersonation, rendering Carol 
Channing's dubious singing voice even 
more crackly than it sounds In real life 
Russell brilliant ly captured her culesy- 
piemannensmsand self-styled 
kooklnesslnhisbes! Impersonation ol 




The obligatory Mae West number was 
more of a visual triumph, since West's 
baudy repartee antf suggestive voice are 
probably not d i 1 1 icu 1 1 to emu late. Ot her 
higniighis were Peggy Lee in miles ol 
blue chiffon mumbling her way through 
"Fever," and the later Judy Garland 
milking "Over the Rainbow" for 
everything Its worth. Russell's vocal 
prowess does have its limits, however, as 
inMargoChanning'smonologueffom 
"All About Eve," where the appearance 

I andgestureswerepureDavis Duiwriere 
the voice could havebelonged to anyone. 

Whyisit that lemale impersonal ion 
haslorsolongbeenidenlilieo wilhgay 

, culture? There's not much explicitly gay 
content, tnough Russell's show con- 
tained a smattering of references to gay 
sex and gay cultural phenomena. I think 
mu^n of the appeal of stagedrag derives 
troma lascination with the whole con- 

> ceptof playtngat roles, Most ol us have 
consciously acted out socially del med 
malerolesalsomeperiodinourlives To 
an extent, then, there is a guaranteed 
rapport be tweenagay mate audience 



nd .1 itwtuiiiiii who rtMndoni 

i t ulinebehaviourto 
role denied lo men 
It is much less clear why certain 
actresses have such a largo gay 
following and are so ol ten impersonated, 
Davis and Dietrich defined a 
new screen parepnewee It reliant 
women with decidedly male qualities 
Perhaps ihe images protected by Ihese 
women are appealing, since the enter 
tainment world ol ters so tew male 
models accessible togay men 

Even so. this doesn't explain the 
popularity ol someone as blandly 
heterosenualasBarbraStreisand Her 
admirerstelimethalgay men identify 
with the unwanted, ugly duckling image 
thai pushes its way lostardom II so, it's 
a rather negative identity, since stardom 
iread acceptance) comes only alter one's 
ugliness' is refashioned intosomething 
socially desirable Does it In some way 
depend upon t he negati ve sell-image 
many gay men still have? Or is it a sym- 
bolic means ot throwing of I oppressive 
maleroles?At present, it Isan aspect ol 
gay male culture that ol tends some 
lesbians who, lushliably, resent being 
satirized by men. Interest mg to note that 
with rare exceptions, Black and Jewish 
satire is performed or wril ten by Black 
! and Jewish artists Yet women and gays 
' continue lobe legitimate comic material 
for men and straights. Is our reaction to 
anii-gay humour thai different Irom the 
I way some women react todrag? 

by Robert Trow ! 



A Woman 
Appeared to Me 

Renee Vivien (translated from 
French by Jeannette Foster) 

I Naiad Press, Box 5025. 

I Washington Stn, Reno, NV 89513, 

| 1976. $4.00 
All of us are once more in the deb I ot 

| Jeannette Foster. Her Sex Variant 
Women In Literature was tor years the 
oniybibliographlcaliool tor ihe study of 
lesbians in literature, and it is Still the 
best She has now rescued for us a"lost" 
text , Une FemmeM'Apparut, which was 
published in Paris in 1904, but has unlil 
now been unavailable in English II is im- 
ponanl not only as a fictionalized ac- 
count of the relationship between Vivien 
and Natalie Clillord Barney, but asa work 
of art concerned with both the nature ol 
creatWityandlhenatureot woman as 
artist. 

The autobiographical content of the 
book, which isbasedon the events of 
1899-1903. is both its strength and weak- 
ness. On the one hand Ihe emotional 
content of the book is so intense and 
vivid that it overwhelms the reader just as 
Vivien herself must have been over- 
whelmed. On Ihe other hand, Ihe cosmol- 
ogy ol flowers, music, colours and per- 
sonages is too personal lobe totally ef- 
fective, and the book occasionally lapses 
into formlessness because il imitates 
life too closely. Yet ihia is not merely a 
romandclet, autobiography, or an 
example ol "woman's conlesstonal writ- 
ing " ii is a deeply symbolic book about 
the nature ol woman, and particularly 
about the nature other sexuality and its 
relationship lo her art The woman ot the 
title is not only Vally (Barney), but an 
archetypal woman of whom Ihe women 
in the book are only rainbow-likelrag- 

The three central women of the novel 
are the narrator, Vally, and San Giovanni, 
also called the Androgyne, SanGiovanni 
is amy slenous figure, and Rubin specu- 
lates in her Introduction thai she is 







OUR IMAGE 



Re*i6* s xJeal s«il The narrator. Ihen, 
wouideomecioawioherfealseit aseif 
thildwWIsondeath and decay and is in- 
capable ol loving mote than one person 
ataiime Vallyislheopposite.afigureof 
light and laughter. w>l h an ability to give 
of herjell emotionally to many women at 
the same time She claims She is incap- 
able ol love, whereas Ihe narrator sutlers 
endlessly of 1 1 . I n the middle stands San 
Giovanni, who theorizes and writes 
about love and who u nders lands 1 1, but 
who remains clear of theemotlonal en- 
I tanglementsottheothercharacters. 
San Giovanni is ihe most successful 
artistof thegroup Her parable of the 
Charmer of Serpents opens the novel 
and lis phrases and ideas are repealed 
throughout She is the narrator's mentor, 
a woman who understands the con- 
nection bet ween su I len ng and art She 
writes not only out of her own suffering, 
but out of the suffering and injustice of 
the lives of all women It is San Giovanni 
who isSappho's most ardent admirer 
anddelender.andwhostriveslora 
Sapphic love "at once ardent and pure. 
iik'.-. -j white fiame "She is the clearest 
descendant of Sappho the novel 
presents, and this is closest to Ihe arche- 
typal woman artist Vivien wished lobe. 




Hen*« Vivien In masquerade 

The novel is at ils best when Vivien 
ceases lobe entirely personal and taKes 
San Giovanni's advice concerning the 
coniemptability of vulgar Imitation ol the 
real The section describing Ihe nar- 
rators reaction to tone's death is both 
realistic in its evocation ol guilt and des- 
pair and surrealistic in its imagery, and 
captures Viviens style at Us best: 

And then, in deeper shadow, amid Ihe 
perpetual adoiatton ol flaming 
candles, therewas a virginal casket 
scented with whiteviolets... 

A death rattle, and another, and 
another ... I had ceased lo exist tvrasa 
soul imprisoned in a corpse- Iwasa 
formless and contused mass, without 
substance or boundaries I was /loaf- 
ing with no other sensation than 
shuddering nudity Athought 
i surfaced amid this empty conscious- 
I ness, a thought sharper than desireor 
prayer. ..Tobe what I was, even though 
I had already forgotten who I was' 

Then darkness, end nothingness. 
A Woman Appeared to Me is an un- 
even, but powerful and important book. 
Jeannette Foster is to be congralulated 
on her beautiful and sensitive translation 
Irom Ihe French, and ihe Naiad Press for 
having ihe wisdom to print it 

by Daphne Kutzner 

The ripening fig 

Tales of Emerging Womanhood 
Martha and Lucy Van Felix-Wilde 
Porpoise Press. Box 328, 
West Hampstead, New York 1 1552, 
1975, $5 00 

The legacy 

Sonya Jones 

Vanity Press, Box 15064, Atlanta, 

GA 30333, 1976. $3.95 

The ripening fig is a collection ol short 

stories by two women who have written 

them under aiomi last name. The book 



begins and ends with badly reproduced 
photographs of Martha and Lucy m a 
rural setting, together wtthlheirgul 
children Thereisaprogressiomnihe 
slones from dehumanlzi ng but cul lural ly 
approved relai ionshi ps of women with 
men. towards an increasingly militant. 
radical lesbianism At first glance, we 
seem lohave all the prerequisites tor a 
political, feminist attempt tocreaiea 
literature out of an alternative life-style. 

But that s not how it turns out. The les- 
bian feminism in this book has been 
twisted toallow only the particular, 
narrow values that theaulhors 
espouse, and to engender a bitter dia- 
tn be agai n si anyone, man or woman. 
who does not fit into their personal and 
very shallow mould. Their anti-human 
dogmattzi ng sin kes out at every o ne. 
including such groups as fat people I 
was always repulsed by tat 
people... Wi I ma was bigger than Jo-Jo. 
She was a tank With short dyed black 
hair in a butch cut. Her legs crashed to- 
gether when she walked " in a 
Inghtenmg thread of ant i -Semi t ism, one 
of the patharchal vi llai ns is made to be a 
"fat slob" who "lost patience with all 
lorelgnershe had to interview who didn't 
speak Yiddish." There are even 
gratutitous snipes at the people who 
smoke, drink, or eat processed foods, all 
of which vices comeacross as male con- 
trivances to preserve the patriarchy. 

The ideal lesbian feminist society is 
described in the second-last story, en- 
titled "Verlnia and Alicia." In this Utopia, 
created by a group ot women called the 
Auralean order, tall and physically 
perfect Amazons ride around the stale of 
Arizona on horseback, as they make 
weighty and mythical pronouncements. 
' This fascist cardboard wot Id might have 

been created by Ayn Rand, were she a 
■ lesbian. 

Because the philosophy, suchas It is, 
I representedbythisbookisdisturbing.one 
< almost overlooks its literary qualities. 
: Theviclousstorlesaredrivenhomebyan 
! unwavering stream of hard, short, slac- 
, catosentences. Lifeless charactersend* 
I lessly mouth mean-spirited dogma The 
stories are, in a word, boring. 
On Ihe cover, theaulhors have con- 
| slderately provided this notice: "Don't be 
\ afraidtoreadlhlsbook! If you hav r. ■ 
lesbian tendencies, it won't give you 
any'" Probably the truest and most 
accurate thing they have to say . 

The legacy is written by a very different 
sort of lesbian feminist than The ripening 
fig, and with a completely different sel of 
motives. Although Sonya Jones' sensi- 
{ bilitiescome through as those of a 
i lesbian lemtnist, this book does not have 
, the sledgehammer effect of a strident 
; and unlhlnkmgdogmalism.lt is clearly 
written out of Ihe author's own life, in an 
allempltoexpressa particular form of 
experience with some degree olcom- 
i passion. 

The story concerns several months in 
the life of fleid Calloway, who has just 
accepted her first position as an assist- 
ant professor of Engiishatacollegeih 
Atlanta, Georgia. Retd proceeds lobe- 
come involved withCornelia Van Cliel, 
who is her superior at the college, with 
Professor Van Chef's daughter, and with 
j an assortment of characters whoarein- 
| tendedtobebtzarreandquirky 

Despite its sincerity, Thelegacy is 
unmistakably a first novel. The plot is 
contrived; its basis rests on an unlikely 
; linkwithReid'smother'spast.andan 
even less likely resolution. In a rather 
sudden death scene Heid protests, "For 
Chhssake. this is not Love Story,'' but the 
reader is not convinced And the prose is 
rite with alliteration, breezy name- 
dropping of writers andcomposers, and 
tums-of-phrase that are merely precious. 
A mother-daughter relationship, described 
as "genetic partners in reciprocal silence," 
is surely trying loo hard. Anolher 
detraction is the careless editing resulting 
insuch errors as kakigaberdineiodphers" 
and "ecclecltc. "Overall, Tne/egacylsa 
moderately interesting story, with 
moderately interesting characters. II has 
several moments that must ring true with 
most gay women of the generation and 
the academic milieu it portrays. Onegets 
the feeling that the author would suc- 
ceed much more effectively if she could 
resist trying to be clever with every single 
sentence. 

by Jean Kowalewski 




I Love You 
Baby Blue Two 

Paul Kelman and Hrant Alianak 
Theatre Passe Muraille 

Toronto 



Cages 



Lewis John Carlino 

Central Library Theatre 
Toronto 

Theatre, at its best, offers us a reflection 
of ourselves that both instructsand en- 
tertains; at its worst, it panders to com- 
mercial taste to provide escapist enter- 
tainment that both fulfills and relnlorces 
our fantasies. I Love You Baby Blue Two 
is this second type of theatre, a mindless 
revue ol sexual tableaux aimed at 
satisfying the masturbatory fantasies ol 
the heterosexual male — at si ■ dollars a 
throw. Asentertainment.it is as 
sophisticated as Love American Style 
gone nude. As soft-core porn, it is as ex- 
citing as a limp prick inaseductlon 
scene. 

What amazes me about suchex- 
ploilive schlock is that II still sells 
Baby Blue Two has been held overto 
meet the demands of an audience bored 
withCr?ar7/e's Ange/s and Irustrated in 
its search for Penthouse Passe Muraille 
has lapped a gold-mine. As long as Ihe 
Toronto Morality Squad keeps supplying 
them with Ihousandsot dollars of free 
publicity {the original Saby Blue was 
busted], we can presumably expect Baby 
Blue Three, Son of Baby Blue or Baby 
Blue in Chains. And more of the same 
sexual stereotypes that oppress women 
and reinforce masculinlst domination. 

Oh, they're allthere — theen- 
thusiastic virgin (eager to please), the 
novice stripper (ditto), the promiscuous 
wife (too eager), the biker moll (eager in 
leather), the cold-eyed vamptonce 
eager).Andlheyallslrip — bras, panties 
and G-st rings flashing on andoff like 
television commercials for back issues 
of Playboy. And, of course, they mastur- 
bate — with a vibrator or achampagne 
bottle, on a motorcycle ora white bear 
rug(!), in gossamer nighties or vinyl hot- 
pants, all lo the lush sounds of Donna 
Summer in heat, Themenfusually 
clothed)are around mainly as 
props — io sei their wind-up dolls in 
motion and then complain about never 
linding "love." And the theatre sells out. 

About five years ago, Passe Muraille 
mounted an exciting product ion called 
, DouAflabourswhich tracedtheim- 
migrationof the religious sect from 
Russia to Canada and documented the 
oppressive politics of the Canadian 
government and the RCMP in attempting 
to restrict their rights asa minority 
culture. The play ended with Ihe cast 
stripping as an act of protest II was a line 
example of nudity used to makea 
dramatically educational poinl Watch- 
ing Passe Muraille attempt a Canadian 
version of Oh' Calcutta', I was shocked 
at how this once vital theatre has lost its 
moral and political integrityand squan- 
dered its talent and imagination 

For all the "magic realism " of James 
Plan ton's set and the precise timing of 
Hrant Alianak sdirection. Baby 8/ue ftvo 
isacoid. tawdry exercise, cynical in its 
design and opprobrious in lis effect. At 
one point in the product ion. a jaded, 
aging stnpper asks a new recruit. "What 
are you in this business tor, anyway ? 1 



ran only conclude that Ihe gift's repry 
now speaks lor Theatre Passe Muraille 
as well: "Money." 
The latest manifestation of agay man 

to hit the Toronto stage is as achicken 
No kidding Lewis John Cart I no's 
Epiphany, the second halt otadoubie bill 
called Cages, presentsa man so 
frightened by his wile saccusat ions of 
his gay desires that he decides to assert 
his masculinity by donning a rooster's 
plumage, trapping hiswileinlhei' 
bedroom and force-feeding her bird- 
seed. The crisis occurs when he tnes to 
crow: he lays an egg. 

Sodoeslheplay Its curious blend of 
Naturalislic style with Absurd dialogue 
|to say nothing of its premise) ultimately 
defeats its aim which is. presumably, to 
dramatize the anxiety which can accom- 
pany role-confusion. But at the climactic 
moment in the play it is unclear whether 
Carlino expects us to really "believe'' 
that his Man lays an egg (and thus view 
theplayasAbsurdisl)ortoseehls 
del i very as an elaborate coming-out 
metaphor planned lor his wife's benefit 
land thus, I suppose, lind the play 
psychologically revealing or "real"). 

As I left the theatre with Malcolm Gor- 
don's pitiable attempts tocrow still 
ringing in my ears, I pondered Carlmo's 
statement. For about thirty seconds. 
Then I finked arms with my roommate 
and went for a drink. Let themeat bird- 
seed. I've got belter things todo. 
I Don't we all? 

by Robert Wallace 

| Damnee Manon, 
Sacree Sandra 

Michel Tremblay 
Theatre deQuat'sous 
Montreal 

Over the past few years, Michel 
Tremblay, popular Quebec playwright, 
has become Increasingly well known In 
English-speaking Canada The recent 
national tour ot his play Hosanna per- 
haps did the most to publicize his work 
outside Quebec. 

Interest ingly enough, Tremblay's 
works have never been presented in 
English In Quebec, since Tremblay him- 
self has forbidden It. However, suppos- 
edly as a result of the recent Parti 
Quebecols electoral victory, Tremblay 
will now lift this embargo. 

However, this is not the only new de- 
velopment tot Tremblay. Tworecent 
events are perhaps of even greater inter- 
est to Ihe gay community. 

On the night ot February 19, Michel 
Tremblay came out on the airwaves ol 
CBC-TV. In a profile of Tremblay on the 
English net work's national news, 
Tremblay spoke openly and positively of 
his homosexuality lor Ihe first time. In 
the past, Tremblay has not discussed his 
own gay ness and has even downgraded 
the gay themes in his plays. Ironically, 
this was the same day that gay organi- 
zations across the country were prr> 
I testing CBC-Radio's anil-gay policy. 
| At the same time that Tremblay was 
I proclaiming his homosexuality, a new 
' play wasopeninginMonlreal, Damnee ' 
Manon, Sacree Sandra. This isyet 
another two-character play Involving two , 
! ofthepersonalitiesalreadyencountered 

inTremblay'Sworks.mostnotablylnthe j 
, film llefaitunefois dans I'Est and 
Forever Yours. Marie Lou, anolher play 
which was successful in English- 
speaking Canada. Thecharacters are 
Sandra, a now-ag ing drag queen of> 
sessedwithsex — shewasthedrag 
queen who organized the plot against 
Hosanna — and Manon, amiddle-aged 
virgin obsessed with religion. It is around 
thisdichotomy and parallel thai the play 
: evolves, The scene shifts from Sandra to 
Manon on opposite sidesof the stage as 
they makeparallel monologues on their 
past lives and present despairs, two lives 
so different yet, as Tremblay seems to be 
telling us, so similar An enormous Virgin 
Mary in grotesque make-up ornates 
centre stage Here as inmost of 
Tremblay's plays, the comic and the 
tragic become one 

Attheendol the play, the two char- 
acters meet at cent re stage where, in an 

BodyPoWtc/15 



OUR IMAGE 



apocalyptic grand dn»l» tney ire 11 out ,naI 
tney don' t real ly ex 1st, that t hey were 
merely me crealion of "Michel This last 
symbolism has Deen explained By 
Trembiay This.hehasdeciared.isiobe 
the last in the series ot plays portraying 
the (jay underside of east-end Mont real 

For ihoae of us who have agonized 
over Trembiay s siereotypical and dated 
portrayal of gay me. this can only come 
aagoodnews But one wonders whether 
Trembiay's latest and second film. Le 
Solell se live en retard, which portrays a 
straight middte-classmilieu.isan indi- 
cation of his future direction 

At Ihls point one can only ask: now 
I hat you're oul, Michel, where nexl? 

by Ron Dayman u 



LesApres-Midi 
D'Emiiie 

Stanley Gaither 
place des Arts 
Montreal 

This rat her mediocre, even Inane 
comedy would scarcely msni a serious 
review, were it not lor the incalculable 
harm It does for the cause ot gay people 
In a city wheie gay liberation has yet lo 
have asenous impacl 

LesApres m/d/ 0'e"mi»etakesupa 
theme dear lo the heart ot Ihe modern 
psychlalflst. I he conversion ol a 
homosexual lohelerosexuallty No, not 
by aversion therapy The "liberal'' school 
of behaviour therapy has found 
subllermeanslhanlhal Jacques Cote, 
themalncharacter.fedupwithoeinga 
misllt, ted up withlhebilchy.crulsy gay- 
world, goes lo a pro3lilule,Emille, lo gel 
the "cure" He is, ol course, sent by his 
psychiatrist who takes up "very special" 
cases, 

And the mtracleo! tourdes was 
nothing compared to I his remarkable 
transformation Cole In the first act is a 
bumbling "queer" (tapelte), as Emllle 
does not fall to reter lohlm con- 
unually throughout iheplay 
An exclusive homosexual lor many 
years, Ihe Ideaol sleeping with Emllle 
appears extremely unpleasant. However, 
by the end ol Ihe first acl, Cote cannot 
get enough Andalong with this 
miraculous conversion, Cote In the 
bargain becomes suave, sophisticated 
and sure ol himself ..atrue"het" He 
thereupon decides todumpEmllie, after 
allamerepiostliuie. All he obviously 
needed was a "good luck", 

Thlslnitsell would beenough to turn 
the stomach ot any sell-respecting gay in 
Ihe audience. However, the second act 
reserves yet further indignities. 

Jacque's lover, Arthur, a stereotypical 
interior decorat or, arrives on ihe scene. 
No more than one minute in thedoor he 
slarts rearranging the furniture in 
Emilie'saparlment.Abilchyqueen 
(and, torall that, the only slightly ad- 
mirable character in ihe play), he attacks 
Jacques in a (it ot jealousy. One cannot 
but help cheer him when he spits out. 
"onceaqueer.alwaysa queer", to Cole 

Arthur speaks seriously ol their 
relationship and of the narrowminded- 
nessol heterosexual socieiy. and shows 
irue atteclion lor Jacques But in Ihe 
context of the play, the almost entirely 
straight middle-classaudienceof ihe 
Place des Arts lindslhis perhaps the 
most ridiculous and titillating part ol the 
play To sit quietly through this play 
beside one's lover and hear bursts ol 
laughteral the mere use of the words 
"lover" and " relationship" in a 
homosexual conlexl Is true sell- 
oppression 

Quebec theatre, like most national 
theatres, has tew positive images ol 
gays MichaelTremblay'sstereotyplcal 
and outdated portrayal of the underside 
of Montreal's gay scene could scarcely 
1 beconsideredacounierbalance Itisall 
1 themoredishearteninglhal thevery 
| popular lacompagnieJeanDuceppehad 
gone to the United States to seek out this 
anti-gay play Montreal thus has the 
rather dubious honour of giving this play 
its Ural showing anywhere But watch 
New York I! threatens to open there 
soon. 

by Ron Dayman 
tS/BotfyPolttJc 



Mooncircles 

Kay Gardner 

Olivia Records, 1976.S6.96 

($550 U.S.) 

Be Be K'Roche 

Olivia Records, 1976, $6.95 
($5.50 U.S.) 

it's lough putting some sort ot descrip- 
tion lo these tworecords which are so 
different and yet so similar. Both are well- 
engineered, well-produced ef tons Irom 
women's recording networks, done with 
care and attention to display the talents 
ol the musicians Andboiharestrong 
expresslonsofagrowlng, vibrant 
women's culture. 

Remember Lavender Jane Loves 
Women, one ot Ihe first women- 
identified albums? Kay Gardner was on 
that, her flute accompanying Ailx 
Doonin s songs This is her first solo 
album, conlainingall her own material, 
built around a strong belief in the Mother 
Goddessandourmalriarehalheritage.lt 
fealuresalol ol technically accom- 
plished musicians, notably Meg 
Chnslianonguilar OntheaibumKayal- 
lempis non-linear melodic lorm which, 
according to Ihe liner notes, "represents 
one of Ihe firsi milestones in this search 
lor modes ol musical expression lhal 
can translorm the elementsol sound 11- 
selfinlo an authentic vehicle lor lemale 
content." 

So what happened? From my poinl of 
view.neariynothing Thereareafew 
beauitlul instrumental passages, and the 
vocal pieces "Changing," and "Wise 
Woman" are memorableand lovely, bul 
Ihe overall ellect is close to 
monolonous Stlll.lt is. asonesisler put 
il, "lull of good healing energies" which 
onecan relax lo I suspect that Kay Gardner 
is belter seen In concert, where her 
presence very likely animates this music. 
My money is on her nexl album. 

Be Be K'Roche is a San Francisco Bay 
Area women's band that we've heard a lot 
about from our American sisters. The 
rumours are Irue — they're good! Their 
sound is light and controlled, their 
material is original and Ihey really area 
"collective celebration "ot.for.aboul 
and by women. Musically, they play a mix 
ol rhylhmand blues, latin, (azz with an 
exciting dash of soul. One of Ihe few 
women's bands you can dance to, they 
play expressively and well Especially 
recommended is "Kahlna Mama." Gel 
ihisalbum before it's sold out. 

These records are available Irom Ihe 
Toronto Women's Bookstore or directly 
by mail Irom Olivia Records, POBox 
70237, Los Angeles. CA 90070. USA. 

by Nona Lane y 
rVote Be Be K'Roche will be playing al 
theThreeofCups 
inTorontoln July, 



personal experiences. There are no 
sexist, aoeisi or raost terms — abreathol 

Iresh air toanyone imprisoned ma high 

Once a student does come out against 
all Ihe sexism ol the heterosexual world, 
there are sun the ageist altitudes ot the 

gay world to be faced "My experiences 
have shown me that it s as necessary to 
hghi tne ageism of the gay community as 
the straightness ol the rest ol the world 
Without both these struggles, young gay 
people will never Deliberated," wntes Sky 
intheartide 'OniyaKid'Thtsisanat- 
titudeanyrx>mosexualundertheageof2l 

. can comp rehen d . 

An excellent set ot guidelines for 

, coming oul to one's parents with a 

of hassles isottered Forthis 



alone t would recommend this pampniel 
While organizing a oay youth group m 
a high school may not always be 
possible. Ihe suggestions lor doing so 
could spark some resistance 10 1 he op- 
pression ol role-playing and helerosexist 
ideals prevalent in today s schools, and 
this would beasiep in the right direction 
An expanded ednion ot this pamphlet 
would perhaps benel it from articles on 
the nuclear tamiiyandamotein-deplh 
study ol sex roles. 

In general, Growino UpGay isan ex- 
cellent addition to the school library or 
guidance office. For any young person 
who thinks s/he is gay. it will providea 



by Fiona Rattray 




"Sen Is sSerlous Business, no laughing" 

Men Loving Men 



Growing Up Gay 

Youth Liberation Press, 1976, $1 .25 



| In ihe school syslem today, the gay 

i student has Utile, if any. support. S/hels 
usually isolated Irom any reliable and 
positive information pertaining tooeing 
young and gay. Growing Up Gay fillsa 
part of this huge gap 

I Thepamphlet contains sixteen 

1 articles written by homosexual youths 
living inthe US. The artlclesare 

i divided into four sections The largest 
one, "Come oul, comeout. whereveryou 

I are. "isacollectionol personal ex- 
periences and feelings ol young people 
in an oppresive heterosexist society and 

' educational system Other sections deal 
wilhtormlng a gay group ina high 

: school, coming out to one's parents 
while st ill living at home, the struggles 
lacing gay people today, and the need lor 

; strengthandpndetocounter straight 
society Thepamphleiconcludeswitha 
list of resource materials thai a student 

; searching tor morein-deplhand positive 

j information can use 

| One Of tnemore important aspects of 
the pamphlet is us positive and up-tronl 
tone lowards youth, most evident In the 



Mitch Walker 

Gay Sunshine Press, 1977, $7.00 

(Both Men Loving Men and Loving Man, 
the Gay sex book reviewed in TBP, no. 30. 
werejudged "immoral and indecent" by 
Canadian customs officials and denied 
entry into Ihls country. See last issue. 
Glad Day Books of Toronto appealed the 
decision Loving Man has been let loose 
again. Men Loving Men remainsem- 
bigoted.lt is, however. available direclly 
by mail from Gay Sunshine Press, PO 
Sox 40397, San Francisco, CA 941 40 for 
$7.00 (US funds}, postpaid). 

II seems to me there are three thingsa 
"sexmanual"canlry lodo: simply show 
you how to, a la Popular Mechanics. 
Midyri.yai grouse you, usually to maslurDation; or 

coffeehouse eiipand y lhe potent ; a i o( se >< and 

sexuality The last is, of course, the most 
dilticull, bul since human sexuality and 
even more soGay sexuality can no longer 
bedeiached safely frompoiiiicsflhe 
dynamics and uses of power), it also 
becomes Ihe mosl important. 

Men Loving Men calls iiselt "aGay sex 
guide and consciousness book " Author 
Milch Walker writes: "Warm bodies are 
spiritual ..I want to encourage thespirlt 
, ot touching, the warmth ol bodies I 
J can't help looking forward lo Iheday 
| when people slopplayingaMoursilly 
' games...thatencouragedistance. 
j suspicion and contusion in oneself and 
between people, that discourage 
growth, loveandcare." The book's 
California bliss-gush made me sigh a lit- 
1 lle.bul as someone for whom "the Spirit 
of touching" and "the warmth ol bodies" 
are held in much loo tight control, I find 
Waiker*sa)m at the very core of my 
revolution 

Comparisons with Loving Man are 
unavoidable. LM is $1 1 .95, MLM 57 00 
[MLM is smaller format and sott-cover) 
Bolharewell-informedandgenial LM 
has instructive pholos Illustrating 
positions, elc ,MLMalyncal"photo- 
essay" more tor ins pi rat ion than instruc- 
tion, and sketchy ink drawingsloosely 
illustrative In both, the pholos suggest 
that sex is a Serious Business, no 
laughing MLAfs instructions con- 
siderably less detailed, the emphasis 



more on "harmony." "fun," "warmlh," 
"adventure." ML M, by oneaulhor, tends 
lo be more conversational or Intimate 
than LM, by two. Noihlng InMLMon 
street, bar, orbalh-crulslng, (I went toa 
, bar in Montreal, Irled to remember Upson 
1 bar-cruising from Loving Man — 1./ooft 
i at your intended; 2. smile — llxedmy 

gaze ona comely man, but my smile 
. muscles were paralyzed so I lust stared 
j After an hour of this he let I alone, and I 
gol depressed. Time lo turn to the "Being 
Yourself" section in Men Loving Men?) 
! A valuable section in MLM encourages 
. the realizing and acting-out otlanlasies, 
with thecaullon "fantasies are tw&edged, 
i wilh potential lorgoodorbadkarmato 
yoursell and the world "The very large 
question of heighlening consciousness 
through liberating I anlasies versus 
heightening consciousness through a 
rational political ethic (Ihe Iwo can be in 
harmony or they can be diametrically op- 
posed m power -based relationships) is 
glided over loo lightly. Effusive 
' statements like "But il you remember 
who you are, and look for your center, you 
i can tap yourhidden energies and 
beauly" are momeniarily warming, but 
I can they begenumely affecting 7 More is 
needed. 

Each section , masl urbaiion . f el la I to, 
anal iniercourse, etc.. begins wilh a utile 
song of historical and cross-cultural 
precedents, poetry andquoiat ions, 
Some of these troubled me; tor example, 
enthusiastic references to warriors 
, lucking boys so their'butlocks were 
swollen with great pain." and boys being 
madetosn on sticks ol graduated sizes 
I to prepare them to welcome the 
pleasures expected of them" may 
1 titillate one's tantasies, but MLM also 
calls itself a "consciousness book " We 
need roots, ot course, but as more sour- 
ces become k nown we can become more 
selective can't we? (We should record 
everyt hi ng we can get our hands on. but 
be selective in what we call on lor in- 
spiration j Homoerot ic love and sex are 
exemplary, exploitation is not. 

Maybe you don'l need this book. It you 
do. know that it isn't a solution (o 
anyihing Butithelps Thai'swhythey've 
gol it lied upat Canada Customs. 

by Michael Rlor don 



OUR IMAGE 



We Speak 
For Ourselves 

Experiences in homosexual 
counselling 
Jack Babuscio 
SPCK, 1976, S7.95 

Loving Someone Gay 

Don Clark. PhD 
Celestial Arts, 1977.S5.50 

Tneseare t wo Books olinieresl to people 
' insomewayconnectedwiingay social 
services, or having a general concern 
with thequalityot the gay experience I 
wouldonly recommend that you read the 
Jack Babuscioand that, unless your 
reading time is an unlimited resource. 
you can ski p the book by Clark. 

Loving Someone Gay gave me the 
following message: being gay is really 
the shits, and it you have managed lo 
avoid suicide, you |usl might be able to 
gel it logether by using Ihe prescription 
being dispensed by professional helpers 
such as Don Clark, PhD. 

Clark's pul-downot the gay lileslyle is 
evident throughoul. He implies lhal 
cruising the bars and parks is incon- 
sistent with an ordinary (and in his terms, 
\ positive) lifestyle Bui while I certainly 
; hopelhalmuchollhenegativequallty 
which I associate with(myj gay male 
cruising will be diminished by the suc- 
cess of Ihe gay liberation struggle, I don't 
think that Don Clark's living to-formula 
existence offers much I hat is liberating 
either. 

Oneamusing nugget is a suggestion 
foraself-admimstered loving massage,' 
In which masturbation Is permitted, but 
only If you promise lo complete Ihe 
massage afterwards! A not-so-amusing 
suggestion Is for Ihe playing of a rejec- 
tion game, in which you set oul tosee 
how often you can gel rejected as a 
method of desensitizing yourselt against 
the pain of reaction. Yech! 

Clark nolBsltiat ingrowing up gay, "a 
lonely, emotional struggle is predict- 
able " Sure, if can be that way, but it can 
also bean exciting discovery ol sex, 
sharing andcommumly. And we can 
make lhal happen ourselves, not by 
living in a controlled environment, bul by 
changing the environment. 

There are also some rather 
quesltonable statistics tossed around 
with considerable assurance, a praclice 
whichiendstoputmeonmyguard He 
posilsthat moslof us are aware ol gay 
leelings before Ihe age of 10, and on 
another subject, that half of all trans- 
vestitesare gay. While I don't have a par- 
ticular investment in rejecting either 
notion, I don I think there's very substan- 
tial data supporting them. 

Clark suggests that seeking Ihe help 
ol someone like him is the only feasible 
methodof coming out. Don't tell your 
Inends. he cautions, they'll reject you. 
Andas tor lellmg ihe usual helpagents 
(relative, school counsellor, teacher, 
etc.), "You risk a! least a negative reac- 
tion or Ihe visible retracllon of respecl 
and good will toward you." 

This is Ihe sameguy who advises, 
wiihout reservation, coming oul to Dad 
as theold fella's lying on hisdeaihbed 
To the intelligent reader, theoptions 
don't look very pa I a (able. 

In contrast, I was very pleased wilh 
Jack Babuscio's book. Hediscusses 
with great sensitivity the varied ex- 
presslonsol Ihe gay experience, 
illustrating his remarks with Ihe tran- 
scribed comments of a large number ol 
gay people with whom he has been in 
contaci These snippets of conver- 
sations are, hrsiandforemosi. 
beli evabl e, and they come across as 
genuine expressions of lived experience, 
not as expressions of an ideological form- 
ulation 

Jack Babuscio's experience i n gay 
counsel ling has led him to believe I hat 
Ihepnncipal problem confronting ihe 
homosexual is ihal of Imding an accep- 
lable identity Thisprobiemisadirect 
result ol society's failure toaccepi 
homosexuality as a legitimate variation 
olthesexualdrive Thegay person's 
search lor an acceptable self image is, in 
turn, thwarted by a Darner ol Stereotypi'5 
sinner.' 'unnatural, "sick' and criminal 
These stereotypes can, if successfully 
internalized resull in feelings ol gum 
May 



and shame thai will adversely affect 
one's relationships ." Right on 1 

Babuscio has same neat things to say 
about the situation of older gay people, 
and he cautions counsellors against 
allowing their own hang-ups concerning 
old age to stand in the way o' realizing 
that life for the older gay can bequite 
satisfactory. 

Hound particularly interesting his 
discussion ot the situation of married 
gay people He suggests four basic 
reasons tor gays choosing to enter into 
such a seemingly conflicting situation as 
heterosexual marriage; first, insufficient 
awareness of one sgaynessat Ihe time 
1 of marriage; second, a conscious desire 
toescapelromthehnowledgeof one's 
gayness; third, rational choice; fourth, 
social and familial pressures." 

If you're thinking of getting intogay 
\ peer-counselling, this would makea 
, useful primer II wouldalso be useful for 
j non-gay helpagents whomust inevitably 
j come into coniact with a number ol gay 
' people, and whoare likely to be pretty 
mis/un-inlormedaboutourrealily And 
, astor Ihe seasoned gay counsellor, you 
, will likely enjoy the panoramic presen- 
tation of Ihe issues which we faceevery 
! timeweofferaneartoagaybrotheror 

by Harvey Hamburg "_ 

Sexual Stigma 

An Inlerac I lonisl Account 
Kenneth Plummet" 
Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975 
$15.50 

Piummer has remarked In self-criticism 
that Sexual Stigma is not a polllical book. 
Indeed. Ihe entire social and historical 
context, which so decidedly molds the 
late of gay people, is dispatched in a 
single lengthy sentence - "Whether this 
domination takes the form ot being burnt 
at the stake as a heretic or murdered on a 
common by queer-bashers'; whether It 
takes the form of penitent lais in 
medieval cloisters or exclusion from 
employment and country; wheiher it 
lakes the form of being pilloried in Ihe 
market square or mimicked and mocked 
on television and radio, wheiher il lakes 
the form o! trial and imprisonment or 
psychiatric examination and therapy; 
whether it is devalued as sin, sickness, 
crime or simply a sorrowful State — In 
each and every case the structureof the 
relationship is politically similar a 
dominant group, probably unwittingly 
coercesand controls a subordinate 
one "(p. ft 4) The statement is eloquent, 
but isolated; the question of subor- 
dination does not occur in Plummer's 
account. These very real constrainlson 
everyday lite are then forgotten, in favour 
of anemphasisonthetenuousnessof 
social interaction, w here "men [sic) are 
always negotiating situations, and where 
reali ty is precarious and emergent." (p. 
15) 

Accepling these analytical slriclures. 
Seiual Stigma succeeds masterfully 
where "interaclionism" proves most 
fruitful, i.e. in describing face- to- face and 
symbolic relations. Piummer seeks to 
rescue sex research from Ihe domination 
of biology and statistics, to ask the im- 
portant quesiion: what meartrngsdoes 
sexuality have tor people? Plummeref- 
fectively explodes the commonsense 
idea thai 'what is sexual' is self-evident, 
pointing out the situational and 
motivational conditions necessary for 
defining any act as sexual. Common 
sense may impute sexuality to the 
situation of a "woman lying naked while 
a man fingers her vagina" but not to "a 
boywatchinga football match." (p. 30) 
Should the Ural situation occur ma 
medical examination and ihe second in- 
volve erotic fantasies, Ihe definitions 
arereversed Sexuality is embedded ma 
system of socially provided meanings; 
the health-food faddist may take sex at 
prescribed intervals in Ihe same way as 
health foods and for the same purpose, 
the married couple may regularly have 
sexual act Iviiy because they believe the 
other expects It ol them, even when 
neither wants it; Ihe prostitute employs 
sexasameans of earning a living — as 
does the stripper t he man may seek a 
flow of regular sexual partners in Ihe 
belief thai this may sustain his public 
•mage of masculinity; and the student 
may masturbate out of habit or out of an 



associationwilhtensiorvreduction " 
IP 32-31 

The second halt of the book >s devoted 
to understanding British gay men by 
meansol thismleractionistframe The 
careful, critical review of the social 
scientific hteratureon gay men is the 
most comprehensive and enlightened to 
date. The Iwemy-f Ive page bibiii aphy 
is a valuable source in itself .Piummer 
has lurned the tools of sociological 
analysis 10 a posi live understanding ol 
oomingout.personalinvolvementingay 
life and coping with straight society 
Capsule reviews appear ol personal 
commitment, cross-cultural com- 
parisons, homophobia and stereo typing. 
straight reactions in lace-to-face contact 
with gay men. the array of silly 
"causation" theories, Interpreting 
oneseil as gay, "choosing" tobegay, 
closelry, gay relationships and sub- 
cultures, and so on . We are remi nded 
that upon closer scrutiny, ihe apparent 
anti-gay monolith dissolves into "anun- 
crystallized. contradictory, ambiguous, 
ever-changing, weakly focused and 
highly variable individual reaction 
towards homosexuality." (p. 113) This 
statement, like many others, however, 
minimizes the systematic ant i- 
homosexuality and sexism ot contem- 
porary society, 

ThemerilsofSexi/fl/Srig/nalielnits 
sober apprai sal of current academic 
ilteralureand its well-reasoned selection 
(andre|eclion|olmuchof it As Piummer 
points out, for example, disputes about 
the "causes" ot homosexuality produce 
nothing because the question Itself is Ill- 
conceived and does not make much sense. 
More importantly, "Why. when there 
aresomany potential sexual roles 
available, do so many elect lor net ero- 
sexuality as a predominant mode of 
sexual experience?" (p. 128) 

by Barry D. Adam :_! 



Slapshot 

George Roy Hill (director) 
Universal, 1977 

Itturnsout that the worst thing you can 
say toa man is he's queer. 

If you are in a movie that has Taken the 
Plunge and is using Bad Language, the 
worst thing you can say is that someone 
isacocksucklng faggot. The second 
most insulting thing is to say that 
someone's wile is adyke. To which, I 
gather, the response Is: "does that make 
hima faggot?" A mysterious question, 
but one that seems to make Ihe second 
worse thing Ihe same as the worst thing, 
which is simpler all round. 

It may be of some comfort to readers 
of TBPto know that I culled these bleak 
facts from an immensley crummy flic. 
Slapshot. Paul Newman's hockey movie, 
isapieceof fluff. A satire that can't resist 
the easy laughs of slapstick; a drama of 
the life of professional sportsmen that 
offers only transparent stereotypes and 
sentiment; a cheap pieceof work that 
reminded me of TV. 

And yet Ihe people go tosee it. Some 
of ihem cheered and leered in the right 
places. A lot of critics liked it. It is 
popular culture that plays unerringly to 
the gallery, to hockey buffs and lired men 
who need a laugh and don't want to have 
to work it all out. Why in Ihisart less en- 
tertainment are faggot insults so per 
sisfenia theme? Because otherwise the 
Bad Language would be flat? Being 
mean to Jews doesn't do il anymore bul 
calling someone gay retains lhat thrilling 
cutting edge. But the faggot insults were 
thrown away wit h such casualness, such 
a lack of spite. Your reviewer hardly felt a 
thing after the first few 

Because this isa movie about jocks 
and fans, well known tor their repressed 
sexual responses'' There is a good movie 
to be made about this, perhaps Paul 
Newman will be in it. Slapshot is not this 
movie. The chance topaint a picture ol 
commercial sport disclosing the sensual 
and sexual charge which all in.;, n 
abOUtSeems 10 imply is utterly missing" 

Because this is a movie lhat goes for 
Ihe cheapest device il can find and 
having found it repeats it endlessly, the 
same way they build bank lowers? 

In Ihe end, surely, it is because this i-., 




r 



Ch«ip d«vic«s. If you cml play hoek«y. strip 
the way the world is. Most of us. not |ust 
the script writers, go for cheap devices 
and repeat them endlessly until they fill 
up ihe silence. The sensual llvesof 
hockey players and tans are buried loo 
deep under (oil and anxiety tobe 
recovered without pain. We have learned 
tobe nice to Jews, and, whatever else it 
may be. haling gays is safeas houses, 
almost as safe as hating yourself. 

Slapshot never challenges ihls. It 
soothes. It affirms a brutish reality retur- 
ning it as ajoke, as meresentiment.asa 
fantasy of violence, and so it pleases and 
sells, iscontempt lor homosexuals vital 
in some way to the process ol producing 
and reproducing a debauched commer- 
cial cullure? Is It only Incidental? I don't 
know, but I hope I don't have logo to 
many movies IlkeS/aps/tof to work It out. 
by David Mole I i 
■ 



Sinister Wisdom: 

Lesbian writing and publishing 
Beth Hodges (ed.) 
Catherine and Harriet, 31 16 Courv 
try Club Drive, Charlotte, NC 28205. 
Fall 1976, $2.50 

In 1976. the same year that Amazon Quar- 
fer/ydied, vV/sdom was born Published 
and edited by two women, Catherine 
Nicholson and Harriet Desmoines, its 
purpose is to develops lesbian 
imagination in politics and art. Well 
designed and illustrated, it includes 
essays, fiction, poetry, drama and 
reviews. Individual subscriptions are 
$4 50 for three Issues. 

Their special issue on lesbian writing 
andpublishinglsagemedltedbyBeth 
Hodges, who also edlled the Margins 
(Aug, 1975) lesbian issue. It deals 
specifically with the quest Ion: "Does 
'Lesbian writing' exist? If so, what Is Us 
unique character?" and features In- 
depth articles concerning lesbian 
aesthetics and criticism lis roster of 
writers reads llkea "who's who" in 
feminist thinking: Susan Griffin. Deena 
Mltzger.June Arnold, Bertha Harris, and 
Barbara Gner. 

SusanGriffin andOeenaMitzger.ina 
section entitled "Transformations" write 
notes, thoughts, ideas and connections 
for works in progress, and these brilliant 
and moving passages stand alone as 
genuine insights Into lesbian writing. 

The feminist arlicle is apanel 
discussion (MLA, Dec , 1975)on 
"Lesbians and Literature" wilh writers 
June Arnold. Sandy Boucher, Susan 
Griffin. MelanleKaye, and Judith Mc- 
Daniel. Three authors, a teacher.and a 
reader speak honestly and personally 
about what lesbian writing Is and, more 
importanlly, is not. It is the mil mate con- 
nectionof their lives wilh their writing, 
leaching and reading which makes this a 
valuable and beautiful piece. 

While the concluding secllon on "The 
Politics of Publishing" raises many per- 
tinent issuesabout publishing wilh 
lesbianteminisi presses and includes 
interviews wilh Naiad Press and 
Women s Press Collective. II Is unfor- 
tunately Ihe weakest section of the 
issue Itwouidhavebenetitedfrom 
closer edilincj 

I hopeS/nii'-vyV/sdom will continue 
its tine work ot bringing these feminist 
issues and writers to a wide audience. It i 
deserves to survive 

byShefrtllCheda 

Body Politic/ 17 



OUR IMAGE 



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Tapestries: 

A review of lesbian poet rv 

TnearnvaiotGeorge-Th6reseDicken- 
son's first book ol poems, Slriations, 
(Good Gay Poeis. PO Bon 277. Aslor 
Station, Boston, MA 12123. 1976, $3 00) 

islhebirthannouncementofapromising 
lesbian poel. but I he book overall is 
perhaps premature, and unquesi i onab ly 
flawed lis seventy-four pages contain a 
collection ollnteileclual poems written 
at vanous limes over a six-year period, 
andaimost all the individual poemscon- 
lainexcellenl and feeling lines: 

Inlhecounlry 

a woman has left he' lover and waits 
dreaming ot knowledge and exploration 
she remembers kindness 
gentle lingers 

cool ol water 

and sott moss 

hard labor .. 
(torn "Only In Ihe Dual Realm " Or, from 
(he long poem "Simultaneity": 

A new cen ter wh i rls ou I ward 

holding its form 

fluid 

hearing the voices 



child'; i 



jnd 
iund 



• catering to your lifestyle 
» hotel reservations 

• listings of bars & clubs provided 



wind sound 

song ol all things 

echoing 

your scteamsechoes in the wings of 
the vortex 

transformed 

unbound 

Many poems are marred, however; 
their lines fragmented and, like (he worst 
ol the Black Mountain poets, Ms Dicken- 
son sometimes imitates, overly 
philosophical and didacticdiscusslons 

Heal ol water 

may free vision loramomenl 

or amber light strikes an old key 

rusted 

but still able to sing. 

And a lew others. 

One could wish that Ms Dickenson 
could abandon her self-conscious In- 
tellectual izing, and her Imitations. A 
lesbian consciousness who can write 
individual stanzas of Incredible lyricism, 
with remarkable control, should be able 
to write entire poems ol the same 
calibre and consistency ol lone. 

Consistency Is what Stephanie Byrd's 
25 /ears ol Malcontent (Good Gay Poets, 
1976, S2 00I contains in lull, and this 
small booklet contains twenty-live pages 
of angry, lesbian-feminist poems which 
are Striking jn their slarkness, vigour, and 
directness — especiallythelovepoems. 

Cooking red meat 

a dog 

bays 

and I wonder 

if you're really 

dying... 
I Mycredibilily 

a lover 

of Juicy tidbits 

who wants 
I your warm 
I moist cunt 

initsmoufh 

wanders in Kitchens 

of smoking meats 

on which tonibbte. 

The protesf poemsare memorable, loo, 
andStephanieByrdwrlieswithsirength, 
and Ihe passion born of love, pain, and 
oppression. Nonetheless, a few poems 
are too stark, statement poems which 
lack technical skill and variety in images 

Able to survive in the wave of first 
books, Personal Ettects (Alice james- 
books, 138 Mt Auburn Street, Cambridge, 
MA. 1976, S3 50)combmes the works of 
ihreepoets, Robin Becker, Helena Min- 
ion, and Marilyn Zuckerman, as sue 
cessf uliy and dynamically as does any 
co-opera 1 1 ve prod u c 1 1 on c om bl n i ng 
straight and gay poets Among tne 
three, Helena Minion's poems are con- 
sislently the besi Arresting, skilled, 
startling poems, they astonish with then 



imagery and precision: 
Doctors pinch you 
like the tasl known beast 
c-faspecies near extinction 

and with their lemimsl sensibility 

...her womb becomes the world's: 
the f elus in one corner lolded 
skulland cross bones 
likea mouse in a broom closet 
Feminist poems, however, not lesbian 
poetry RobinBBcker'spoelryisnotas 
varied, her imagery as ■spectacular," but ] 
she writes good, carelul poems from a i 
profoundly lell lesbian consciousness. 
Personal , wi Ihoul being embarrassingly 
so, her poetry isconcemed with her lover, 
her parents, her grandmother, with her 
hentage. her present, heihopesand 
doubts It has an impressive simplicity 
which summarizes so much wiihm its 
lines — as, the excellent openingof" A 
Woman Leaving a Woman" 

You are sellingoullrom Cambridge 
with an old debt 
inabrownhal 

running like a collapsible umbrella 
| alaundrybagotdetailslungacross 
your back. 

Buy ihe book and read therest of the 
I poem 1 And ihe Bubble poems, they're 
j super I You might even enjoy the entire 
book, though Marilyn Zuckerman's 
poems aren't up to Becker's or Minion's 
i standards They re the work ol a straight 
i poel, abeginning poel. and several could 
i have been improved by another revision, 
including the end poem which contains 
I lines like 

Silent rooms 

a single lamp 
circling lined paper 
over which apen skids, 

and Ihe opening slan/a ol "Dialectic 
which contains cliches like "better lhan 
molher's milk" among the good. 

Lynn Greenwood's Lesbian Love 
Poems (Thorn Henricks Associates, 
Birmingham, Alabama, 1976, price not 
stated) unlortunately must be labelled 
sentimental verseandbad poetry, 
despite Ihe author's true feelings. Love 
motivates many to poetry, but the end 
product in this book is typified by lines 
such as: 

Midnight tun and singing in the sun. 

Yes my kitten, my heart you have won? 

Running and singing our song 

Loving and laughing all ihe day long 
And on and on. This little book I lound 
embarrassing toread, or review — It's 
full of cliches, and bad rhymes 

Some interesting, and some dillicull. 
beginners ail. 

by Judith Crewe 




FICTION 



Romano 

A short story by Michael Riordon 




M 



chael was gaunt and tall inagrey 

it, hands in pockets, glasses 
tilted precariously on his nose so 
Iheshalts never louchedhisears, 
crooked grin, sloppy loaters with walked- 
down heels, black hair, dark skin. My 
grandmother said ominously I'm sure 
Ihere's some Indian m there somewhere. 
A ring on one ot Ihe lingers of his Ihin 
strong hands Idon'l remember the ring's 
origins, nor how we met, in the insurance 
company. 

We were, I think, almost immediately 
Inseparable, "Ihe two Michaels," it 
sounded like a circus act I could see him 
twenty rows ot desksand bigchattering 
calculating machines Irom where I 
worked He was standing, hands in 
pockets always , jokl ng with someone, he 
never seemed lo work. He brought some 



papers back to my seetton lor process- 
ing, or I look something lo his, we lalked 
and talked even though we walked to 
work together, lunched, went to concerts 
I and movies logelher and walked home 
most days together My supervisor and 
his admonished us several times, mildly, 
tor these long talkings during work 
hours. One day we came back from 
somewhere with helium-filled balloons, 
which we tied bobbing above ourcal- 
culating machines. 
| I havea thing about wrestling, a sod ot 

shy lever. My first erolic dreams spun 
| around it, my only sexual release lor al- 
i mosladecadepouredoulonmyonly 
lovers, the television wresllers — not so 
faithful, Ihey came and went, got fat or 
I moved toanolher channel I couldn't gel- 
I (I bought my own tiny television set and 




FICTION 



FORBIDDEN 
FRAGRANCE 

OU.nf* not ixArvna a the suitui stern thai 
gMs you off Dcner rrun a k** ffliw end ot a 
wwvout YetyounertrhMtowwry, because 
JacAroma contains no afTryt mime Open " 
Bottle lor |usi a lew moments and lhat real jock 
odour 'mi the room One wttift and you' Wood 
grows wrm, putting you m a sexy moofl 
jacAroma n ■ssmlul.bulfl snttlortwMen 








TFL,J&c4J*7 




We sell: 
Mandate ....$1.75 

Blueboy $2.00 

Advocate.. .$ .75 
Body Politic $ .75 



lars ago, I was fired from my 
job as a racing steward. I was told it 
was because I am a homosexual. 
That's all; even my employers said 1 
had been doing a good job. And I'd 
been in the horse racing business for 
over twenty years. 

I'm fighting back. I want my job 
back, and I've sued my employers 
for wrongful dismissal. The case is 
crawling through the courts. It's 
been two years now, and my law- 
yers tell me it's going to be a long 
fight. 

I couldn't have come this far 
alone. The gay movement in 
Canada has been behind me all the 
way, providing financial support 
and a lot of encouragement. But a 
lot of donations have come from in- 
dividuals right across Canada who 
see thai my fight has implications 
for gay people everywhere and in all 
walks of life. 

I want lo take this opportunity to 
thank you. 1 wish I could thank 
each and every one of you individ- 

20/8oaVPoMfc 



ually but thai isn't possible. So let 
this be a warm and heartfelt thanks 
to all. 

I also want to ask for your con- 
tinued support. From the beginning 
it hasn't been me against the On- 
tario Government — it's been us. 
You 've been fighting with me and 
through me for a victory that can 
mean job security for all. Let's keep 
going. I'm willing to go all the way 
— right to the Supreme Court if 
necessary. But I need your backing. 

Please continue sending your 
donations. The Committee to 
Defend John Damien acknowledges 
all of them and sends a receipt for 
each one. The amount of your 
donation and your name are kept 
strictly private — neither ever be- 
comes pan of any public list. 

Once again — my thanks. And 
my pledge to continue this fight 
until we've won. 

Plntu matt all chmuo peyoblt 10 The Com 

ivmrr m tlrjrmi John Damn* Mail to The 
(ommmet to Defend John Dampen pa Bot 

lit tM i. rbronn im» 3A4 




Romance 

Contmueatrornaag* 19 

locked myself irtio my room Saturday 
afternoons, afier being caught semi-in- 
flagrante-delictoat the family sei.) But all 
this was after Michael, after our long 
. straining bouls on Ihegriltyoil-sllck 

■ garage floor — "what on earth have you 

■ done to your clothes this lime??" when I 
came home I can' t remember wllh what 
excuse we used to start these hoi tights. 
I always won. I always f oughl 'dirty.' 
Michael was probably stronger — he 
was lean, absolutely lean, you could see 
bones and veins and musclesiust under 
i ht- skin, working. I presume he was un- 

I willing lonsk hurling me, to win Or so it 
' seemstome.rememberlnghimnow. 

Wearguedabout ihlsand lhat, end- 
lessly. Music. Before him my music was 
Ouane Eddy, the soundtrack from 
Lawrence of Arabia. Khachalurian and 

Sleeping Beauiy Michael swept me Into 
Beeihoven, Brahms. Wagner, the Dig 
, ones. Tchaikovsky was hencelortha 

lightweight, we laughed at people who 
1 said Ihey liked "semi-classical" and 
I meant the Boston Pops Webattledcon- 
j ductors against eacholher. hurling their 
virtuesllke thunderbolts. Hehadahead- 
start with Toscamnl, Bruno Walter and 
Karajan, I didn't know anyone so I |olned 
' the RCA RecordCluband came up with 
oneof theirsiars, Fritz Reiner of the 
I Chicago Symphony We were so 
cunning you played a new unidentified 
record lor Ihe Olher, Ihen "well, did you 
like Ihe performance?" "Nol Awful'" 
Tflumphaniiy'HaUt was conducted by 
your own beloved Kara|an, I got It lor your 
birthday!" I still delesl von Karajan, and 
just now I'm unloading my Reiner 
records. I'll keep Scheherazade, it was 
Ihellrst 



Ineversiayed the nighi at his house, 
nor he at mine, Iwasafraldlnhls, he 
unwelcome at mine, I not strong 
enough yet to resist Ihis or any other tyr- 
anny Bulotlenlstayed after supper 
wllh him to watch ihe late movie on tele- 
vision His mother and sister had gone to 
bed. Harshly lit from the slreet and from 
the TV, Ihe living room had a bleak look I 
associate with furnished rooms. We sat 
on ihe sola Michael's hand came easily 
tome — no, il couldn't have been easy 
— lores! on my shoulder or neck. Very 
light, tt brushed my neck. Very tight it 
brushed my chest, rested, Ihen my sto- 
mach, rested, slow, still, slow, touched 
my groin. Very lighl it brushed my 
shoulder, my back, rested, light, soft 
down my backlothelopof my ass. I was 
utterly, uncomprehendingly paralyzed. 1 
staredalthescreenand burned in 
silence or talked about anything at all. I 
made nosign. beyond my wild heart 
which I begged he wouldn't notice.no 
signihathewaslouchingme.orlhall 
tell. His mother came in once or twice, 
sleepy, hair in curlers, the lelevision was 
too loud. Or his sister came in froma 
class or a party. We jumped apart of 
course, Michael laughed. They must 
have known, though they gave no sign of 

We built sailboats toget her. witha 
third friend. How strange to be a third 
friend. He went on Building his boat while 
we wrestled on the Moor Ail this in the 
garage-basement of Michael's 
apartment, three little sailboais from 
plans in Popular Mechanics These 
weren"! your kits, these were from 
scraich. plywood, Iwo-by-fours, gal- 
vanized nails, marine hardware, crazy 
plaslicsallslike shower-curtains Each 
o!fhemwastocost$79orso.costus 
about$l50.Ah,youlh.ltwas.abeer 
commercial Itwaslunalic Noneotus 
had ever buill anything before, I'd madea 
birdhouseand forgot the door Buiwe 
couldrV I resisiallering ihe plans, danger- 
ously Finally they looked like nightmare- 
painted toboggans, one red and white, 
one yellow and black, one red. white, 
yellow and black. We bought a 1949 
Dodge, a black colossus lor Ji 75, hauled 
the sailboats to a lake, we crowed when 



noneot lhom*«nk. but Ihen none otlftem 
would move forwards, but only back 
wardsorsidewaya Weapeniiheday 
lying in Ihe sun. abandoned Ihe boats 
under cover ol darkness and drove off 
somewhere That car was dt Iven back 
wards up a hill in Pennsylvania, too sleep 
tor any of ihe forward gears When the 
bat tery tailed in New York Cily we drove 
nails into it and tl worked! We exhausted 
the old thing linally and left II ona street 
in Montreal, drooping onone side 



We travelled several limes to New 
York, Mlchaeland I. sensational 
overpowering New York. 
'Michael's childhood city His lather was 
, PuenoRican.lthink.ofhlssteplather. 
i My grandmolher refused to believe that 
thismightbethe'lndian'shesawinhim. 
she was convinced it was something 
even more sinister Michael's mosl vivid 
memory of this man; ma rage he crushed 
Ihe boy's pet duck behind adoor. Shortly 
after that his mother look the boy and his 
sisteraway Whai washedoingwilhapet 
duck in New York City? Michael's Hie 
wasfullolincongnjilles like lhat. We 
drove lohis boarding school near Pialls- 
burg. empty and haunted In summer, 
classrooms sunlit and dusty, 
generations otinilialscarvedlnlo Ihe 
desks He'd been dispatched there Into 
the care of priests, whom he described 
as systematically cruel He knew ihe 
|Calechism by heart. 
I One nigh! after leaving his house very 
I late, 1 remember tearing down theside- 
; walk, kicking in the fender of a parked 
{ car. growling at an astonished pedes 
1 Irian, then crying. I can'i remember why. 
One night allet leaving me, Irom my 
house or his — hetoldmethenext 
day — he'd wanderedlor hours, down> 
town, to a spaghetti restaurant, agarish 
formica place, talked to Ihe man In the 
nexl booth. He'd spent the night wilh him 
at his hotel, he said genily. The man was 
kepi by a wealthy businessman in a huge 
house on Long island, he had no respon- 
sibilities and could come and goat will as 
longashedidn'ltalkaboutlt,orname 
names, at least I was awestruck. 

I asked Michael once, only once, we 
were in my car: "are you a homosexual?" 
(how hard it must have been to say that 
word.)*' Yes and no. I swing both ways," 
Hehadbeen engaged toagirl "Are 
yoi/f". he asked. "No, I'msorry." lean 
remember the particular slreet, Ihe dark, 
the hour, even the look ol houses we 
were passing. 

I Two big expeditions to New York were 
I lor his brother Leon's engagement and 
! wedding. I remember seedy streets and 
; houses in Canarsy. part ot Brooklyn, Isn't 
! il, anyway a long transit ride from our 
hotel in Manhattan. The Algonquin. 
Gertrude Lawrence, Robert Senchley, 
Dorothy Parker, other I920's-I930's 
luminaries used to hold court InThe 
Algonquin, none of them meant much to 
me except to (eel very New York 
glamorous. The bartender was Turkish; 
as he whipped up miraculous drinks in 
Ihe tiny bar he paltered us with exploits 
of his glorious people, he told us they In- 
vented Ihe fork. Leon, a plumper but less 
humourous version of Michael, was 
marrying inloa vast Italian family. He and 
his fiancee, whom I though! 'vulgar,' 
| ai ready bickered nonsiop and screamed 
! at each other a lot, casually. Firsllnp.lor 
Ihe engagement party. I was over- 
whelmed by Italian noise, at led ton, 
kissing. Those people kissed me as II 
Ihey'd known me lor years. The party was 
in a rented hall; alter awhile I ran away 
Irom it and wandered aimlessly for miles 
unlilawhitemanonaporchloldmeit 
was dangerous to walk there because ol 
1 blacks. Michael was in bed at The Algon- 
quin when I got In. This may have been 
the first time l ran away tromhim 
I Thetrlp for Leon's wedding was 
I dazzling Michael was&eatMan.twoof 
hisfnendsandl wereushers These 
friends of his — one thick and 
I handsome, ihe other I remember as a 
roily, bushy mechanic, they all played 
louctvfootball and drank beer together I 
watched one o' their games, or even 
played. They were Of no interest to me, 
these two, but time he spent with them 
was lime he didn't spend with me We all 
', look the irain down from Montreal The 
Brooklyn lailor renting us tuxedos told 
'me "ill have to let inisout a little, your 
i tats are too big " — back muscles, latis- 



FICTION 




Romance 



Don't Uiiow 

where to put your head 

these days? 

Vegetal lie cdaper too small',' And there hasn't been a hut box In the house since 
great-nunl Agathn mnveilinMooseJuw? 

Take heart. The Body Polltle Is renowned for Its absorbent qualities (some 
subscribers tell us they haven't bought Kilty Litter In months). And with ten 
Issues a year, even you mudcup mayhem experts shouldn't run out of wrap- 
ping 

o put your head either. We print 
iorc on your mind than skin pix 



Metaphorically speaking. It's not a bad plai 



the kind of articles tliut u: 
(ulceus thai is, }Feutures like: 

• The nap Trap 

why IhcVT) 'industry' wouldrodicrBce 
tlilngsstuyjusluslhcyure 

• IHvlclecl We Stand 

Tin- controversial took ut the relat'oa- 
ship between Kay men and women 

• I ....III,.,- [-■,,■!.! li, Ml,. ii,,i, 

Tin founder of Parents of Gays 
sharing her tragic and Inspiring story 



• Queer Doings 

the beginning of the uncovering of guy 
history in Canada 

• Seven Years ToGo 
the plight of gay youth 



• New Fiction 

by writers like Jane Rule, Graham Jackson, 

and Mk-huclRJordon 



And there's cross-Canada aewB each month. And just to prove we're not 
deadly serious, there's regular comics. Reviews of the best (and worst, and a 
Inl In between) on page, stage and screen. Regular columns, and the largest 

ull-Uu\ . .la-si lied sci-llim In Canada. 

Siihseriliinjj means you don't miss an issue. And on those lousy winter days it 
comes righl to the door each month in a very plain, very brown wrapper. It 
■in' aus \ . ,u can cancel at any time and get a full refund if you aren't completely 
satisfied. 

.And subscribing means support. li's the must practical (and easiest) wav of 

endorsing die work The Body Politic is doing for the gay movement in 

Canada. 

Think about it. We hope you'll subscribe. 



simi dor si The football players chuckled, 
I blushed, thrilled, it became one ol our 
jokes. The wedding I've forgotten, the 
recepl ion was oul ot the movies: a 
banquet for hundreds, boltlesof liquor, 
lugsot beerand wine on all the tables, 
mountains ol pasta, an ore nest ra, a pro- 
fessional M.C. dancing, Michael made 
them laugh wilh his speech. singing, 
embraces, finally the line-up lopin 
money on Ihe bride, ihe pay-off under her 
mother'sbig, brimming but counting 
eyes, i was a iii this lime, I remember, a 
sort ol WASP joke. I kepi calling V.lo, ihe 
bride's 15-year-old brother "Wi no" far loo 
many times, and olher exuberant silli- 
ness. 



We wenl to Michael's grand- 
mother, his father's mother I 
think, his lamily was byzani me, 
split, split again, tendrils trailing oft here 
and there. 1 remember a terrible New York 
brick apartment building with fire 
escapes up Ihe front, dark inside, tierce 
heat in mid-summer, agrey transparent 
woman in abedaJone, noair In the room. 
He was very kind to her, she wished in a 
tired ghostly voice lhal he were more 
serious aboul things, I must walch him 
for that. We had decided by then we 
would bolh quit the insurance company 
and travel on my inheritance, tocome on 
my 21sl birthday. We would uproot 
ourselves, burn our bridges, cross the 
continenl spectacularly Inmy convert- 
ible Mustang with every imaginable ex- 
tra, a huge German radio that clipped unat. 
the dashboard, ablg blue tent and a Cole- 
man stove. Down thecoast to Mexico, he 
had a Utile Spanish from his father, la 
phrasebook, who knows when we'd ever 
be back, heandi 

My mother invited his to lunch, they 
should know each other so they could 
share news ol ouriourney. They were like 
mothers-in-law. Mine thought lilsa very 
nice woman, but that bleached hair! Yes, 
we would phone regu larly and ask for 
ourselves, they would at least know 
where we were. 

The Iripis blurred now. InChlcago we 
went walking in shods, noone else was 
wearing (hem. Policecruising in acar 
slid alongside, laughing something 
aboul "fairies." We wore long pants alter 
lhat. In Wisconsin, "America's dairy," 
isn'l it, we set upcamp ina heavy rainone 



night, then awoke in sun and sw««t f leids 
ol alfalfa Michael hi ssed me awake per. 
haps, we wrestled, lhat was all In South 
Dakota we fought billerly during a flash 
flood that spilled a hard current hall over 
the car on main sheet, llhaeGothtc novel 
Iran away Wemadeupinasleazybar, 
twilight, beaded curtain, sawdust on the 
floor I came lo in Michael's arms in the 
morning Awake, he'dheldmeallnlght 
while I vomited, retched, shook, cried 
and slept. In Wyoming we photographed 
wildhorsesunderanintinitesky.lt 
snowed on our tent in Yellowstone Na- 
tional Park, in June Gradually Michael 
became silent. Hedrove too last, always, 
I took over the wheel more and more to 
proteel the shiny green thing Through 
Montana, climbing Into the clouds, 
Glacier National Park into Alberta the 
silence deepened. We roared inloCal- 
gary. to the big Palliser Hot el. I remem- 
ber hurling Michael's luggage across Ihe 
sidewalkat the astonished doorman, I 
remember Michael laughing, It emember 
screaming away with the car door wide 
open. A note from Michael In Ihe Post 
Office General Delivery, a cold meeting 
in his room at the YMCA — greyllghtata 
small window, grey blanket on Ihe 
cot — hewouldflyhomelhenexlday.l 
drove to Banfl, visited friends working 
there, we went to the Calgary Stampede 
on Michael's and my lickels, ordered 
months before. Driving to Jasper alone, I 
went oil the road and wrecked Ihe Mus- 

I think he came once to the house in 

Montreal alter that, he wasn't admitted. 
The police picked him up later for loiter- 
ing,' What was he doing? Laughing, he 
told them he planned to rob a couple ol 
the nice houses. My mother saw or heard 
about It, called ihe police, Michael was 
released. I told the lamily he was a homo- 
sexual, they said Ihey had suspected as 
much, In any case he was obviously bad 
lor me, I wrote him a chilly note asking 
back the money I'd loaned him for the 
trip, he wiole or phoned that he'd earned 
It. 

I've looked lor Michael since. 01 
course you can't go back, the past Is be- 
yond redemption. But I've looked for his 
name In phone books In Montreal, 
Toronto, Boston, San Francisco, Los 
Angeles and New York, Vancouver I need 
losay something lo him. though I don't 
know what or how. He may have changed 
his name, he was never attached to it. 
Once In Montreal I saw him on the bus, 
sitting almost opposite. No sign ot re- 
cognition trom him, I looked away, fright- 
ened. I looked back, it must not have 
been him Bui Ihe resemblance was 
I striking. Still, he would surely have made 
' some sign 

| Ten years after Michael I began lo 
come out. G 



For m v head: 



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years and class 88.50 □_ 

year* firetdaaa 813.50 __ 

FOREIGN 

□ years surface 88.50 

□ yeursairmail812.nl) 



id lik. to help I'lnk Triangle Press,. The Body Pontic's 

publisher. I ve added 8. . . to my subscription cheque. 




FEATURES 



Country 
Craftsperson 



by Michael Lynch 



Ona clear day, from ihe lop ot a nearby 
hill, hecan see Toronto'sCN Tower, 45 
miles tolheeast. Not lhal Get Brender a 
Brandis spends much lime looking at It. 
Mlschosen home isamong the birches 
outside his studio, or In the sheO where a 
goat last week gave birth to twins, of In 
the nearby Held where his lour South- 
down sheep graze. 

Nevertheless, a gay man living in rural 
southern Onlarlocan'tlgnorethal 
lower's Beckoning, Toronto Isa magnet 
ior the region's gays, as cities seem 
always to have been. (Someone has writ- 
ten lhal any city of over 60.000 develops 
an elaboralegay world. JCan'l Ignore It, 
because itleaves him with llltleor no gay 
community. Even those gays who con- 
tinue to live nearby tlee to the city (or 
their gay lives activism, clubs, baths, en- 
tertainment. 

But Ger has dug In his heels here and 
Intends to slay "I would rather go to bed 
wlthaman who loves the woodsand the 
animals than with simply any gay man 
who hasa lot ot sex appeal," he says. 
"When I'm in Ihe woods I relate to the 
trees on many levels 
simultaneously — on the ■primitive' 
level that trees are living creatures com- 
peting tor space and light and water, lor 
what they regard as the good lite. They 
areaisowood — andllovewoodasa 
material to touch or to use." 

Few people make tlner useol wood 
Ihanhe.Gerisacountry craftsperson: a 
wood engraver and bookwright. His 
home near Cariisl e is also hi s studio. 
The Brandstead Press, oneol Canada's 
lew private presses operated asa 
business, Is his centre. He seleclsall the 
material lor his press — "material" in 
bothsenses; the prose or poetry and the 
paper, ink and binding stults. Keloids 
andcuts the paper by hand, soaks it In 
water and interleaves It with blotting 
paper the night belore so that It is Just the 
right dampness lor the momlng'sprin- 
ting run. He sets the lead type by hand. 
He designs and engraves wooden blocks 
lororlglnal graphics. He prints on two old 
cast-iron presses and hangs the sheets 
todry Then he lotds, collates, sews, 
glues. and binds them into limited 
editlonsol rare books. 

More than a hobby, the Press occupies 
moslot his hie. Every stage ol produc- 
tion engages him. He's recently been 
developing methods lor producing his 
own paper stock. He even spins flax into 
thread on his own spinnlngwheel, and 
weaves It (on his own loom, naturally I) in- 
to the line linen he uses lor bindings. 
(Those Southdown sheep, by the way, 
aren't just pets they produce the tleece 
that Ger turns into handsome wool 
fabrics) 

The thoroughness ol It all is Im- 
pressive But the personal loneliness is 
too, Ger doesn't try to hidehis sexual 
orientation "I guess some ol the village 
people have ligured it out lor them- 
selves: ot hers probably don' 1 1 hi nk about 

Rial doesn't seem to matter. 
What's hard tobear Is the sensed 
isolation tromotfiersolmyownkind I 
I sometimes sil here at night thinking that 
I alithegay people arehavmgabaiim 
| Torontowhilel'mletioutinihecold. 
-mi true, I know, but It teeis lhal 
way There may be more gay people In 
this area, but I know only two " 

Ger s house and studio are attached to 
his parents' rural home, and he speaks 
, fondlyolthewaystnwhichtheynave 
helped him — arareenoughoccur- 
rencel — loaccepthisgayness Its a 
talented lam i ty lather a distinguished 
i horticultural. st. brother Joc> . 
| maker, and SisterManannea writer now 

22/Body Politic 
■*ft0» 




byJockB'artdit tVooocurifyOar 
/ a B'tnti't ttnl appumnO m RFD. a 
r* tor country ••ggola'fa", 19m 



FEATURES 



Ger Brender a Brandis 




working on her second novel The family 
which Ger, But no! his brother 
i lull — denotes the 
particular branch of the Brenders who 
came from the Schtoss Brandis in Swit- 
zerland. He plans to visit the Schloss, of 
castle, when he's In Switzerland this 

But even a supportive nuclear family 
Isn't enough, and it wasGers tell need 
for"my own kind" that led t 
to seek oul t he gay activist group In 
Guelph, about twenty miles away. Since 
joining Guelph Gay Equality, he has 
becomeilssecrelaryand — according 
toone appreciative member — amain- 
stayol the group, 

And his Interest in establishing a gay 
presence in hisown cratt led him to plan 
acollectionot love poetry with gay and 
androgynous themes "I wasn't connec- 
ted to the grapevi ne ot t 
people and dtdn'Unow how to get siar- 
led." he recalls. "But when I decided to 
give 1 1 a try, I talked loanybody who could 
give me a lead The results have been 
very good — between two and three 
hundred entries came In. In theprocess I 
met an experienced editor who can do a 



"This is the tirsl book I've done ' 
gay subject matter — butlhopeil'snot 
the last. I hope that the Brandstead Press 
will become sufficiently well-known that 
gay poets will send me some ot their 
work from time to lime." 

Those of us whoaren't connoisseurs 
of bookbinding might be most im- 
pressed, on first looking at a Branstead 
Press book, by the handsome graphics, 
the woodblock prints of wildf lowers or 
old barns or forest animals. (His books 
illy on show at the North York 
Public Library ) Ger spends many hours 
at his drawing and pnntmaking. and his 
designs have a noticeable affinity lor 
those ol William Morns, although unlike 
Morris. Ger seems toappreciate each 
plant lor itself, and so he never works up 
the elaborate patterns Morns was best 
known for He really does like an in- 
dividual cedar, or trillium, or iris. 




Perhaps this is why he'sone of this 
country's most distinguished special- 
ized artists — quite apart from his 
drawings and prints for the Brandstead. 
Ger Is himself — shall we say it? — that rare 
flower an accomplished botanical draftsperson. 
Several years ago he was Invited to the renowned 
Royal Botanical Gardens in Hamilton — and stilt 
he travels there one day a week to teach classes in 
flower-drawing. 

Flower-drawing, feeding the chickens, 
shearing the sheep, contrl buting to flFD (the 
magazine lor rural faggoisi, publishing gay 
poetry, an active role in Guelph Gay Equality — it 
seems an unlikely patchwork. But not for Ger, 
Recently he was writing toa friend about the 
prospect of this articles "It'sawoven-toget her. in- 
terconnected view ot hte that I would like tosee 
coming through m it." Ins, to use the words, a 
quiet and difficult al tempt by one determined 
man to carve out a new site for gay community. A 
non-urban gay community, close (o the birches. 
the wood birds, the spinningwheeland 
■ 



For more information about Brandstead Prtis, 

mite fo Brandstead Press. Carllsla.Ontano. 
LOR1H0 



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24/ Body Politic 



In Montreal, Dapper Dans, a clothing 
store, pui huge billboards about, 
pushing denim clothes. Four or live 
breezy gl itlery ligu res Irom the groin up. 
a woman's jeans half -unzipped, a man's 
hand sliding in ihere. laces eul of I down 
loleers full ot marble teeth A fairly 
typical grossly senst probably quite 
successful ad campaign. A respectable 
number ot women and men, some Gay. 
protested outside Dapper Dan's. a public 
demonstration against sexisl 
manipulation. But moreexciting tome 
was that many of the ads were 
"defaced," writlen on with black in- 
delible markers. "Boycott Dapper 
Dan's." in French and English Nol writ- 
ten large enough lospoillhe ads, 10 ren- 
der t hem useless or rid iculous , but you 
have to start somewhere. 

Mostolthedowntownsteambaths 
would close wilhout suburbs-lull of hor- 
ny bul frightened men. some married, 
some signing in under false names, 
many wanting to have their cake and eal 
it in thecloset, as it were. The 
psychiatrist who administered meelec- 
Iric shocks turned out a lew years later to 
have both a wile, Irom whom he was 
separated, and very much on the side, a 
male lover "ll's my own business where I 
put my cock." he said, "It doesn't allect 
my lunctloning as a therapist." Whal are 
we to do with such people? The Gay 
movement has lived by the principle that 
Gay people are all oppressed regardless 
of class, creed, ethics, etc, solhe 
struggle is fought equally lor everyone 
whether they participate or not, whether 
they know II or not. But I'm moved by 
Camus' argument that in order not lobea 
victim one doesn't necessarily have to 
help ihe executioner Should we start 
thinkingof ourowntwislonlheold 
blackmail trick? It's Illegal However, if 
one were to share sex with someone 
well-placed, well-connected, well-off, 
judge, politician, policeman, Mother 
Superior, tycoon or journalist, why nol let 
this person choose- come out, all the 
way, ordosome specific and essential 
work forthe liberation of Gay people in 
general, or make a substantial donation 
to help others work for it (divert a little 
from Pierre Cardin, Johnny Walker. Puer- 
to Rico, Mercedes Benz. Gloria Gaynor 
and Spanish Provincial), or — (just leave 
it at that, wi i h an articulate shrug.) Not 
belore the act , ot course, it could dry up 
the almosphere, but afterwards over a 
cigarette, say. (A man from the US. 
teaching university here, suddenly of- 
fered S200.000 to the Gay Alliance 
Toward Equality (Toronto), anda similar 
of fer io The Body Politic, no strings at- 
tached. We were, despite ourselves, in- 
trigued. His family was in real eslale. he 
had money to burn, he cried, what better 
way to spend it! Unfortunately, his $2.50 
cheque to The Body Politic for a sub- 
scription bounced. We candream, 
though, can't we.) 

Fresh graf f ilti (rom a men's 
washroom. Ihe Student Union, McGill 
University, lhanks to our Special 
Correspondent. Inside one door "Gais 
Gaiesl Exigeons nos droits!" ("Gay 
RighisNow!". moreorlessi Response, 
below it: "Fuck a turkey !" Below inai 
"Be careful while doing it. ..you can get 
seven years under Ihe criminal code." On 
a second doon"Gay rights now'" Below: 
"Fuckyoursels(sic)wy(siciDontyoueat 
a women (sic) "Below: "Cuz(sic|men 
taste better," Below "I knew you gays 
were strange: you can't spell." My. my 
Just think o( it. Blackboards, billboards. 
church altars, police cars, mailboxes, 
newspaper boxes, sidewalks, walls, 
walls, walls. Spray painl in a myriad ot 
lurid colours, penknife, indelible lelt pen 
"Gay is Better Try it ""Helerosexuahiy 
is Curable "Come Out Fighllng1"OI 
course I wouldn't dreamof counselling 
tocommit a crime, which defacing the 
property ol hate- producing and • 
spreading people and inst itulions 

In Jonathan Kalz's Gay American 
Hittory — LeatiansandGayMamnthe 



USA. he capitalizes the word 'Gay.' 
Jonathan Katz: "Igol it from Ihe West 
Coast, ai lirst 1 didn't pay any attention, 
but the morel thought about it the better I 
liked it. It gives usakind ol control over 
the word, at least over our usage ol it " 
For my part. Gay will be capitalized In this 
column, as I ar as I'm concerned small or 
lower-case gays are ancient history, ar- 
li'acls I think the big G dignifies our 
name, gives us acapilal.acapitol, as il 
we were a nation. a people. Kali 
dedicates his book: "For my people, with 
love, in struggle — " Can we be a people? 
Thai would be a revolution' 

CA.Tnpp, a sociologist, writes in The 
Homosexual Matrix : "A person who is 
known to bea homosexual may beso 
friendly and sociable, so Impervious Io 
criticism, or simply so amusing to have 
around as to be lully accepted, 
sometimes becoming a social lavourite, 
desplteany thing in his private life." What 
a triumph, (One of the things my brother 
said to me when I came out to my family: 
"WefThe Heterosexual We) jusl hope 
lhat you don't lose your ability to laugh at 
yourself." II took me days Io realize whal 
he meant : If youdon't enjoy a good fain/ 
joke then you aren't a good fairy anda 
good lairy is Ihe only kind we'll tolerate,) 
Mary Anne Oeutschmann. a high-school 
student and a lesbian writes in Growing 
Up Gay: "But I did begin to learn to keep 
thai perpetual smile oil my face which 
used loappear whether Hell like smiling 
or not. This really unnerved some men. 
They couldn't get my smile ot approval 
for the 'groovy' sexist things they 
said — sothelregowasdellaiedjusla 
littlebll." 




A man I know went to a downtown Gay 
discodressedasaNun. I witnessed this 
miraclebyaccidenl,lwas|usloneofthe 
scared people lining Ihe walls trying io 
look more desirable than any one else in 
the dim light and simultaneously much 
harder- to-get (but nol frustrated and out- 
of-place, which was what I felt.) In walked 
this Nun, well, either a real Nun perfect in 
every detail bul with a neatly trimmed 
black beard, or il had lobe this person I 
knew.whoelsewoulddosuchathing.lt 
was he. We danced, he hiked his black 
skirts to reveal black stockings and 
Vatican-issue black Nun's shoes. He 
sweated under his cowl Heads turned, 
how they turned and craned and turned 
away Aflerawhilelleft.Hetoldmelater 
that nooneelse would dance with him 
including several "friends "Conform or 
die Walking home he was picked up by 
Ihe police Youcanimagmetheir 
amazement when he. in the back seat, of- 
fered to Bless them You etther have to 
shoot such people or laugh; these ones 
laughed. Was hisa revolutionary 
gesture? Loaded and breathtaking, 
especially In Ihe disco, that sea ot denim 
and tapered shirt* or whatever was de 

ii season in that disco II had to 
me the spectacular sol '-destructive 
abandonment ol a kamikaze at lack. El- 
fed*? Who knows. 

CtyMichMlK'ordon 



COMICS 




crillcism when we try lo assess his Con- 
tribution lo sexual liberation It has been 
said — as one of these Iriendsjust 
did — thai Freud's work is ihe "Coper- 
nlcan revolution of our sexual 
Itberatlon/'Yelmosifeminisisseeitasa 
psychological obstacle to Iheirslruggle 
againsi sexism, against the prerogatives 
of male superiority 

There is jusl no denying thelact that in 
ihenameol psychoanalysis Ihe idea that 
homosexuals are mentally ill has been 
espoused; it's an ideaaccepted far too 
widely by psychiatrists and Ihe general 
public alike. Whether Freud — because 
o> notions like inversion', 'perversion' 
and 'abnormal' — isrndirectlyrespon- 
siblelorthisisnosmall content ion, his 
acknowledged liberal sent imentson the 
mailer nolwiths landing. 

Butinsayingthis.wemustbewaryof 
holding him responsible lorevil done ty 
hisdisciples in his name ot Ihenameol 
psychoanalysisasheconceivedit In 
comparison, for example, we're unlikely 
tohold Christ accountable lor the 
Spanish Inquisition, or Mam for 
Stalinism The question whet her there is 
something implicit in psychoanalysis 
lhal produces psychological Iheories 
(and praciices) which oppress gay men 
and lesbians is, however, an altogether 
different matter 

In turning to this larger issue, weask: 
what is gained by asserting theexisten- 
ce ol a normal ' sexual aim 7 In sexual 
mailers, the very notion ot 'normatily' 
leads lopotentially adverse consequen- 
ces for (hose people who are deemed to 
be abnormal 

Freud once observed that "il is oneol 
i ne obvious iniusticesof social life thai 
ihe standard ol culture should demand 
Ihe same behaviour m sexual lilelrom 
everyone — a course olconduci which, 
thanks to his nat ure, one person can at- 
tain without eliori. whereas it imposes 
on anoiher the sever esl mental 
sacrifices, though, indeed, the m|ust ice 
is ordinarily nullified by disregard of the 
commands of morality " Thein|usticeof 
which rw speaks is nol really nuiiilied 
however as long as such a mean-minded 
morahiy still exists as It does, for exam- 



ple, wilhAmlaBryanl and her ilk. This 
type of morality is itself based upon the 
idea thai there is a sexual 'normality'. 
Speaking as a psychologist, Freud 
thought that nothing was gained in 
thinking ol inversion' and perversion' as 
degenerate' lormsofsexualily. These 
are psychological components lound in 
every 'normal' person. He said in fact that 
"no healthy person, it appears, can fail to 
make some addition that might be called 
perverse lo Ihe normal sexual aim; and 
the universality of this finding is in ilsell 
enough lo show how inappropriate it is lo 
use Ihe word perversion as a term of 
reproach.'' Bui il this is Irue, and it is, the 
rationale for retaining the notion of a 
'normal sexual aim' seems to vanish. 
One remain i ng problem requires at 
leastabiiel mention, although lis Im- 
portance is considerable Evenif 
psychoanalytic theory is a valid scien- 
tific theory — one which is neither self- 
conlradictory or systematically am- 
biguous — canit be verified in any way 
outside the clinic? Many kinds of studies 
have sought empirical verification, with 
mixed or negative results. David A. 
Begelman recently wrote in the Journal 
ot Homosexuality that "even outcome 
studies commissioned by analytic in- 
stitutes themselves have been so 
uniformly disappointing theirsponsors 
have been driven to suppress the results 
or contemplate career alier natives," 
No better exampleof this lypeof 
problem exists lhan Freud's hypothesis 
lhal women suffer from penis-envy. It 
has yet lo be shown that women actually 
do envy the male genitals Their phallic 
lealousy must be more than theoretically 
asserted: it must be proven. 

But evenif the claims ol 
psychoanalysisabouthomosexualily 
weretobe proven, whethenn the clinical 
situation or by empirical research, these 
four new documents show that Freud 
woulOoppose its use tooppress gay 
people. They make clear that hesaw the 
explanation of homosexuality's origin 
as, al worst, neutral with regards tons 
moral or social implications- 
Whatever t he success of 
psychoanalylic therapy may be. it does 
not depend upon curing ihe 
homosexual, ol having himor her give up 
homosexuality And the ex plana! ions of 
it s origin provide absolutely no basis for 
anti-gay attitudes or legislation 






This election 




VOTEFQR 

HSv^SfflSHSSfSSSSfcl 

■•era 

Phone(416)964-0«8 



CLASSIFIED 



FRIENDS-4 



PROFESSIONAL WOMAN . 









■m) i, 



nave gone ihrougn 
this period. Have many inleiesls 
but main one now is coming oul of 
the Closet If you ars sincere and 
can help I would like lo bear Irom 
»ou Drawer 612 



GAY MALE. 33. 68". 195 lbs. 
looking lor dlacreat Iriends >n rural 
Mannooa. Perhaps you 
as fruslrallng as I do* 
* appearance wen en- 
dowed & sensitive Interests in 
elude music 4 carpenlry 
Qiacretlonesseniiai Drawer 567 
NORTHERN MANITOBA male. 39 
Slim, looking tor permanent Gay 
lover — live in, financial assistance 
's possible. Please enclose short 
resume O rawer 558 



EDMONTON 



ATTRACTIVE WOMAN, 32, 2 

woman, preferably professional I 
■mbtanVMftancad and would prefer 
understanding in this regard 



FRIENDS!*' 



138. 

■LOR ISJ] 



biking, short stay camping-hiking 
good conversationalist gentle 
nature wanls companionship. Vic- 
toria BCarea . Dra wer 601 



SOUTHERN ONTARIO 

VOUNO MALE, 21, 58 , 126 lbs 
New to oay life Clean looking, 
guiet. non-smoker, many interests 
Looking lor friendship or a sincere 
relationship, with other gays bet- 
ween 18430 Prefer conventional 
appearance Photo appreciated 
Borholder. " 
Station. Ontar 
YOUNG MASC. 24 eilrs good 
looks with black wavy hair, blue 
eyes and slim, muscular body. 
Wants Young gay under 24 who Is 

High schoolers welcome. Photo. 

Drawer 609 

W ATERLOO 

YOUNG GUY would like to meet 



HOW TO ANSWER 

A CLASSIFIED 

IN 

THE BODY POLITIC 

if the ad you w am to answer has 
a drawer number in it, please do 
the following: put your reply Hi an 
envelope, address n to: The Body 
Politic. Box 72M. Station A. 
Toronto. Canada M5W 1X9 Write 
the drawer number In the lower 
left hand corner of the envelope. 
Mail rtlo us That's all. 

Every FnrJay we collect all the 
responses for each drawer and 
forward them lo the Individual In- 
volved. The resl Is up to both of 
you. 

(Oh yes. It's easier tor forwar- 
ding It your envelope doesn't ex- 
ceed regulation sire Than lo.) 

MALE, 26, s^eks guys lor dancing, 



GREEK PLEASURE: young top 

man (men) wanted between 15-45 
Vou m u si tw e.ceplionait, wall 
hung and interested in taking care 
ol bottom man 45 yea's o' age with 






looking any further I 
satisfy either stra 
Please no drugs. S/l 
This 



hing, stop 









. No s 

3 Draper 61 J 



rings 



TORONTO 



MALE. 33, 5' 10", 170 IDs, universlly 
graduate, varied interests, seeks 
similar Canadian resident lor 
permanent relationship 
(rugs. Drag. S/M Photo 



oppre. 
VANCOUVER 



'.ib€9 



OPENMINDEO. MATURE GUY. 
Liberal, easygoing, affectionate & 
fun Any age or ran 
Interests, French, Greek, 
theatre, music, especially opera 



TORONTO, Where are all you men 

Who like their lun packaged in a 
senuous bail, wrapped seductively 
in shiny salin (or) just under denim 
I am 6. 165. Drawer 61 5 

ANVONEOUT THERE *ho ihmkE. 



■I Qrj*er602 



and 



NON-SMOKER. 32. 5ti 



I5fj || 



other young male. Photography, 
hiking, ihealre, music, pieasanl 
days, gentle nights Photo ap- 
preciated Also seek pen- 
pal—London, England Happiness 

Drawer 571 „ , 

OTTON BRIEFS are a 
i Van- 



GAY MALE. early 40s. likes lealher. 
boots and heavy motorcycles, 

wanls lomeet other young men 18- 
40 years, sharing si 
Drawer 605 



cal c 

Standing person. . 
goodlooklng, honest, intelligent, 
aware. Am 5*7", slim, and healthy 
Hope you are, too Enjoy reading, 
walking, camping, art, discussion 
Also inlerested in building an 'alter- 
native' lifestyle Write Grani, Bo« 
24539, Sin C.Vancouver 



BRITISH COLUMBIA 



CRANBROOK. 

prolessional, mld-30's, would like 
to rrieel other male for companion- 
ship ai 
Drawer 631 



MALE, 45, slim, good personality, 
own home, looking for permanent 
gay relationship 35-50 Interests 
Include reading, sports and Ihe 

Northern living Pholo please 
Dr awer 603 



PRINCE ALBERT 



ATTRACTIVE MALE. 23. new 10 



it gelling something 
i someone altendlng 
ince In June/July. 



MANITOBA 



THOMPSON AREA Gay male 31 
160 lbs, 5'10". non-smoker, would 
'Ike to correspond with and meet 
gays in Northern Manitoba or 
Winnipeg. I enioy sex. music, 
photography, plants, reading. Ihe 
outdoors Drop me a tine Photo 
dialed Orawer 604 



honest, reliable and very 

friends 18-45 years, lor casual 
meetings, must be discreel, Bok 
655. Oownaview M.1M wi _ 
WHITE MALE. 19.5 n . fairly nana 
some, seeks similar com- 
panion/iovei Prefer ably in 20 s. 
sincere, handsome won own ac- 
comodation I 1rave> lo Clly most 
weekends in Toronto perm, from 
late June Like normal relations but 
willing Not interested In S/M 
B/D drugs Wide range of In- 
terest* Only serious replies an- 
swered Pholo nol essential 

Draw er 606 

TRAVEL COMPANION wants.:! lor 
Ihree weeks In July or August. 
Each paying own way. No sexual 
implications. Simply warn good 
company while seeing Spain and 
Greece. I'm university educated, 
young, masculine, responsible. 

Phone 465-D714 

OONT "CUTE" FELLOWS live past 
30? I'm looking lor guy over 30 
about 5'7", who has kepi his figure! 
Is stable, not alcoholic, not nelly, 
lor long-lerm, caring relationship 
He should share my Interests in 
ihealre. antiques, travel like 
Greek-style sex, aciive /passive 
I'm 42, white, slim, 5'tO", 140 lbs., 
clean cut, greying nicely, 
professional I have Iniegriiy, 
discretion, expect same. Please 
write, Include photo, height, 
weight, something about your in- 
terests and work I will return all 

Photos. Drawer 627 

LOOKING FOR LOVE? I'm mld- 
loriies, average looks, kind and 
open, need someone who is 
looking tor a loving relationship. 



another attractive educated man, 
30, serious yet lively intellectual 
wilh sense Of humour and many in* 

erudite (a congenital absolutist at 
heartj seeks compatible com- 
panion with similar background, 
knowledge of Ihe arts, and a 
philosophical bent, tor happy gulet 
limes, good arguments, possibly a 
life partnership No fritters Drawer 

6J6 

TWO GUYS who get oil en each 
Other enjoy a third tor vanely lun 
and games. No inhibitions Pholo 
appreciated, but win answer all. 
Drawer 61 7 

BISEXUAL MALE. «Z prolessional. 

swims lokeep Irtm. Seeks honest. 

cuddling, conversaiton alter sex 
loo Friendship and sex my object 
Absolute discretion o! course. 
Write frankly. Drawer 618 

QUIET. SUBMISSIVE gay male, 39, 
medium build, average looks, in- 
terested in S/M. would like I 



Toronto at 964 2290 

gveninas_No strings attached __ 
GAY MALE. 27. honest, seeks male 
19 to 24 lo go on a weekend vacation 
io Saul l Sie Mane All expenses 

nudism Date — October 8 to 10. 
Very easy lo get along wilh. mainly 
in sex. Drop me a tine Photo ap- 
preciated Orawer 57j 

SUPER-ENOOWED MALE, ages 13- 
36 Oul prefer younger male. Young 
at hean. am goodlooklng. 36 tall 
and sum Write with phone No Ap- 
preciate pholo. but not essential 
Looking lorwaro lo you wllh in- 
terest DraweratiQ 

MALETRANSVEST1TE.57, 130 lbs, 
clothes size 16, shoe size 10 1/2; 
convincingly young and feminine 
in drag though very masculine in 
straight, loves lulls ana bows, lace 
and high heels and all feminine 
fashions, would like advice and 
help from females re: liner points ol 
deportment Would repay by ren- 

specily your own requirements 
Has beautiful, beautiful llnger- 
naiis. long, shapely, and bulled 10a 
high lustre ExpeM innall-wrapping 
and protection ol nails from oc- 
cupational hazards such as split- 
ting and breaking Accomplished 
in the art ot applying basecoat, 
enamel and lopcoat so as lo avoid 
chippingand peeling Aska lor help 
in locating a baauiysaion requiring 
personable male as competent and 
reliable manicute virtuoso for 



525 

MALE, 25, 5' II ", 160 lbs Inlerests 
aremuaic.lood, cinema Wishes to 
meei guys 20-30 for sen, close 
friendship, and more Pholo ap- 
preciated Serious only please 

□ rawerS65 

32 YEAR OLD man wants to meel 

btseiuat men or women handicap- 
ped wllh Cerebral Palsy Loves sex, 
Films, folk music and really need 
lols of love from men 16-40. slim, 
medium height. Phone John 
Ke Herman, 769-4373 



PJTAWA _ 



Photo w 



if 6.30 



rflc.n* 




MALE. 24. 

meeting someone older for Iri 

ship, companionship and sex. 
interested in music, dancing 
dining Possibly looking 
somebody to settle down wllh 

marriage-likerelalionship I rw 

nice apanmeni dowi 
you are ready lo selll 
Qlveil a try together Drawwfijfl 



CAPRICORN MALE, singet- 
songwrller. 5'6", 135 lbs., dark hair 
and moustache, age 29. non- 
smoker, university graduate, 
career minded, many interests 
(cycling, astrology, "rhythm and 
blues" records, dance, working 
wllh siained glass, desire to learn 
lennls and pholography); would 
like to meet an honest, affec- 
tionate, protective, masculine man 
Irom 25 to 40 wllh a sense ol 
humour, who leels he may have 
something to share wilh the writer. 
Recenl pholo and Oescripiion of 
personality and interests ap- 
preciated. Confidentiality guaran- 
teed and expecied in return 
Drawer 622 



ATTRACTIVE MATURE English 

40's. looks younger In Canada 3 

years Very lonely. Seeks com- 
panion lor meaningful relation- 

ship.Drawer6i4 

MALE.26,511", 165 lbs, blond hair, 

educated, non-smoker Interests 
include books, cross-counlry 

theatre, dims, classical and folk 



ling 



galleries, and g 
at home. Nol iniobalhs, bars, 
dancing, S/M A Scorpio whi 
cats, fresh bread, Ireland anc 
ty Pylhon. Seeking male 
similar inlerests 24-28 tor 

591 



PROFESSIONAL MALE. 30s, 58" 



r. tjul 



i to age 



MALE. 25, 511", 185 lbs, clean, 

seeking males lor friendship and MONTR EAL 
sex all ages welcomed, I Iravel 
throughout Onlaric-q U i| e regularly 



45. Interested In estabii 

honest lasting relationship buill Oh 
love, trust ano care Answer only it 
you are earnest about exploring 
""'possibility Drawer 585 



WHITE, goodie 



Send pholo i 



So , 



\_'f.23 



sibie 



! 58", 130 II 



1., ng 



SINCERE MALE""Z6 58 '"'." lio'lbs 
Siono hair, blue eyes Publishing. 
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Gay Inlormat Ion and Resources, 
815, 7lh Si SW, Calgary. AB.T2P 
1Z5. PH |403>264-3911_7-I0pm 
Lesbian Drop-In, 138 14 AveSE, 
Calgary. AB. T2G 1 E2. Wed 8 pm. 
PH 1403)266-2552 

CORN£R"B ROOK 
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EDMONTON 



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LETTERS 

MAKE NEW FRIENDS throughout 
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FREDERICTON 



Gay Friends ot f redericton, Bo> 
442. Fredericton. NB, E3B 5A4, PH 
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OTHER 

ANYONE interested in forming a 
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campus ot Seneca College please 
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Classified Ad Form. 



Guelph Qay Equality. Rm 221, Univ 
Centre. Univ. olGuelph.Guelph, 
ON. Gayline (519)836-4550 

1 HALIFAX 

The Alternate Bookshop. Sta 301. 

1585 Barrtngton St, Halifax, NS, 
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GayAliianc«forEquallty,Bo>3611. 
1 HalitaxSouthStn,Haiilaj.N5,B3J 

3K6.Gayllne (902142*6969 

HAMILT ON ~~ ~ 

McMaster Homophile Assoc.. DC1. 
| Bo. 44 Sin B Hamilton, ON L8L 
I 7T5,Gayline:t4t6)527-0336 

Also at the above address: 

Eugene's Disco 

Gay Women ol Hamilton 

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Copy dale for next issue June issue (No 34) — May 18 

July/August issuefNo. 351 — June 20 
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KINGSTON 



Kingston Women's Cenlre, 200 
Montreal Si, Kingston, ON K7K 
3G4. PH:(6l3)542-5226 
Queen's Homophile Assoc, Sludent 
Af fairs Centre, 51 Oueen's 
Crescent, Queen s University. 

Kingston. ON, K7L2S7.PHI613) 
547-2836 

KITCHENER/WAT'ERLOO 

The Women's Place. 42-B King St S, 



o.ON.N2J1N8,PH:(519) 



Homophile Assoc, ol London. Onl., 

649 Colborne Si, London, ON, N6A 
3Z2, PH:(519)433-3762 



MJSSISSAUQA 



MONTREAL 



Androgyny Bookstore, 1217 

Crescent St. Montreal, PG.H3G 
2B1.PH:<514)866-2131 
Association Communaut aire 
Homoseiuelle de I'Universil* de 
Montreal, CP 755, Outremont.PQ 
H2V4N9 

Association pour lesDroltsdes 
GaHe)sdu Quebec, CP 36 Succur- 
sale C, Montreal, PO, H2L4J7 
Cenlre Homophile Urbain de won 
■rial, 6581 St Laurent, Montreal, 
PQ.PH 1514)279-5381 
Dignlty/Montreal.c/oNJOuffy 
CP 154, Iberville. PO.J2X4LI 
Drop-In Gay, 3419 Simpson St, 
Montreal, PO, Fri 7-11 pm 
Gary Info, POBoi 610. StnN DG 
Montreal. PQH4A 3H1 PH:(S!4) 
288-1101 Mon-Sat 7 11 PM Sporv 



Gj 1 lin*.. Si 41931-8668 or 931-5330, 
7days'wfc,7-llpn-i 
Gay McGlll. University Centre, 3480 
McTav.sh, Montreal. PQ, H3A 1X9 
Gay Social Services Project. 45 1 5 
St CathenneW.Montreal.PQ.H32 
IRS PH:(S14)934-0721 
Montreal Community Church/ 
Egliie Communaut aire da Montreal 
CP610 Succuisale NOG, Montreal. 
PO.H4A3R1.PH 15141845^4471 

Montreal Lesbian Organization. 

3595 S1UtbainSl.MontnMl.PO. 
H2X2N6, PH 1514)8424781. 
Drop-In: Thurs8pm 
n acnes: Gay Jewish Dlscuaaion 
group. Bo> 298, Stn H, Montreal. 
PQ.H3G2K8.PH Roy|514)738- 
9003 OR Harvey 486M3849 
ParenlsofGeys.COPOBoxeiO. 
StnN DG . Montreal POH4A3R1 
Meetings 3rd Tuesday PH:[514) 
288-1101 for Info 

OTTAWA 

Gays of Onawa, 'Gail de 
rOutaouals. Bo. 2919, Stn D. 
Ottawa, ON. K1P5W9. 378 Elgin 
(2nd floor). Gayl.ne (613)218-1717, 
Business; 233-0152 
Gay People ol Carle! on, c/oCUSA, 
Carleton Univ., Colonel By Drive, 
Ottawa, ON, K1S5B6 
Metropolitan Community Church. 
254Cooper.no. 11. Oll8wa.ON, 
K2P0G4 

Lesbians ol Ottawa Now (LOON). 
c/oOllawa Women s Centre. 821 
Somerset St W, Ottawa. ON. KIR 

6P.4.PH (613)233-2560 

PETERBOROUGH 

Trent Homophile Assoc.. Bom 1524. 
Peterborough, ON, K9J7H7, 262 
RubldgeSt.Flm203.PH: 
|705) 742-6229, Wed-Sun 



Centre Human! talre d'Alde el de 

Liberation CP 596, Haute Villa, 264 
rue des Franciscalns. Quebec. PO. 
G1R4S1. 

Comll* d' Information Homophile 
de Quebec, CP2I 1 3. Terminus Pos- 
tal Quebec,QuebecG1K 7M9I418) 
52S-4997 

Service d' En I talde Homophile de 
Qu*bec.CP596, Haute Vllle, 260 
rue desFranci scams. Quebec. PQ. 
G1R4S1 , 



Harbinger - Lesbian Drop-tn ?14 
Van ler Res. York Uncv Wed 3-6. 

PH: (41516673609 



REGINA 



Alropos Fellowship 
Society/Odyssey Club, Box 3414. 
Regina,SK,S4P3J8 



Community Homophile Assoc, of 
NFLD (CHAN), Bo. 613, Stn C. 
St Johns.NF.A1C5K8 



SASKATOON". 



Gay Community Cenlre. Box 1662, 
Saskatoon. SK. S7K 3FI8, 310 - 20th 
St E(2nd Moor), PH: (306) 652-0972 

Gay Academic Union c/o Prof 

PeterMillard 

Gay Assoc, of Youth 

THUNDER8AY 

Northern Women's Cenlre, 1 20 W 
Amelia, Bo* 314. Stn F, Thunder 

Bay.ON,P7C4V9 

TORONTO . 

Catalyst Press, 315 Biantyre Ave. 
Scarborough, ON. M 1 N 2S6 
Cha Is worth Charilable Foundation. 
199ChurchSt,Toronto,ON,MSB 
1Y7.PH: (416)862-1544 
Community Homophile Assoc, of 
Toromo(CHAT), 199ChurchSt 

(2nd Moor), Toronto. ON. M5B 1Y7. 
PH(416) 862 1544 
Dignity, Bo* 249. Sin E.Toronlo. 
ON.M6H4E2 

Gay Academic Union 60. 356. Stn 
K. Toronto, ON. M4P2E0 
GayAIHanceBtYork.c'riCYSF, 
Central Square. Rm 105, York 
University, 4700 Keele St, Downs- 
view.ON,M3J1P3.0ttice:216 
Vanier Col lege Res. , PH: (41 6)667- 
3509 or 667-3632 

Gay Alliance Toward Equality, 193 
CtultuflSt, Toronto. ON, M5A2K7, 
PH (416| 964-0148 
Gay Youth Group. Church St Com- 
munily Com re . 5 1 9 Church St. 
Toronto. ON, M4Y 2C9, Meetings: 
Tues 730 pm 

Glad Day Bookstore 4 Collier SI (al 
Yonge), Toronto, ON. M4W 1L7. PH: 
(416)9614161 

H»miehpech»(!he family 1, c/o Apt 
609, 135 Isabella, Toronto, ON. M4V 
1P3.PH: (416)961-2664 



29Granby St Toronto, ON MSB 1H8, 
Drop-In/ Ottlce Mon-Thur 7- 1030. 
Fn-Sal7 11 30 Church (4161364- 
9799. Distress Line: 364-9835 
Three of Cups.Women'sColtee 
House, 342 jarvis SI, Toronlo. ON. 
M5B27C.PH (4)6)967-2882 
TAG, Peer counselling telephone 
service Box6706, Stn A. Toronto, 
ON M5W 1X5. PH: (416)964-6600 
Toronto Woman's Bookstore. 85 
Harbord St. Toronto, ON. M5S 1 G5. 
PH (416)922-8744 
Wages Due Lesbians, Bo. 38, Sin E, 
Toronto, ON. M6H 4E1 , PH: [416) 
466-7457 

VANCOUVER 
Dignity /Vancouver, Box 1036. 
Vancouver. BC. V6B 3X5 
Gay Alliance Toward Equality, Bo* 
1463. Sin A, Vancouver, BC.V6C 
2P7.PH: (607)689-3139 
Gay People of Simon Fraser . c/o 
Student Society Simon Fraser 
University , Burnaby. 8C. PH:(604) 
291-3181. 

Gay People ol u BC , Bo* 9. Student 
UmonBldg.Univ of BC, Van- 
couver, BC.V6T1W5 
Rights ol Lesbians Subcommittee 
BC Federation ot Women, 1730 
Stephens St., Vancouver. BC, 
V8K 3V5 

SEARCH (Society lor Education, 
Action, Research & Counselling In 
Homosei ual Ity). Bo* 46903, Ben- 
tall Centre, Vancouver, BC. 
V7X1AB 

SEARCH Community Services, 
28 - 448 Seymour St.. Vancouver. 

bc ph BJHltaWtBB 

VICTORIA 

Victoria Women's Cenlre, 552 Pan- 
dora Ave. Victoria BC. V8W 1N7. 

PH 1604)385-3643 

WINDSOR 

Windsor Qay Unity, Bo. /0O2. 
Sandwich Postal Stn, Windsor, ON, 
N9C3Y6.PH (519)252-0979 

WINNIPEG 

Winnipeg Lesbian Soelely,c/o A 
Woman's Place, 143 Walnut St, 
Winnipeg, MB, R3G1P2, 

PH: (2041 786-4581 
Winnipeg Gay Youth, Box 27, 
UMSU. Winnipeg. Manitoba R3T 2N2 
PH : (204) 474*2 1 6 Thursday eveni ngs. 
Dignity/Winnipeg, Boi 1912, Win 
nlpeg,MB,R3C3R2 
Gays lor Equality. Box 27. UMSU. 
University ol Manitoba, Winnipeg. 
MB, R3T 2N2, PH- (204) 474-8216 

NATIONAL/REGIONAL 

Canadian Gay Archives, Boi 7269. 

Sin A, Toronto, ON, M5W 1X9, PH: 

(416)86343320 

Coalition for Gay Rights InOntarlo. 

193 Carlton St, Toronto, ON, M5A 
2K7.PHI4I6I 964 0148 

Committee lo Defend John 
Damlen, Boa 1 1 7, Sin V, Toronlo, 
ON.M6R3A4 

Libertarians lor Gay Rights, c/olan 
Young, 315 Biantyre Ave, Scar- 
borough. ON, M1N2S6 
NDP Gay Caucus, 163 Rusholme 
Hd, Toronlo, ON, M6H2Y6 
National Gay Rights 
Coalition/Coalition National pour 
lesDroltsdes Homosexuals 
(NGRC/CNDH), CP 2919, Succur- 

saie O.Ottawa. ON.K1P5W9, PH. 
(613)233-0152 

UnllarianUniversalislGeyCeucus, 
c/O Elgin Blair, Box 6248. Stn A. 

Toronto, ON, M5W1P6 



PUBLICATIONS 



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2051, 266 Graham, Winnipeg, MB, 
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The Body Politic, Bo> 7289, Stn A, 
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GayTlde.Bo/ 1463, StnA. Van- 
couver. BC.V6C2P7 
NGRC Forum/Forum de la CNOH. 
CP 36. SuccursaleC, Montreal. 
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Gay American History: 

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hardcover $11.50 



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□ Gay American History 

D Christopher and His Kind 

□ Common-Or-Garden Gods 

□ The Young in One Another's Arms 

□ Gardens 

O The Ancient and Other Poems 

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