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Vol. I, No. L 


oOc Per Year Single Copies 

Postage Paid Anywhere. Five Cents. 


lead Office . Quebec. 
Authorized Capital $4,000,000 
Paid-Up Capital - $2,500,000 
Rest ------ $1,000,000 


Edmonton I.umsden Rapid City 
Ft. Saskatchewan Kegina 
Prank Macleod Russell 
Glenboro Manitou Saskatoon 
Gretna Medicine Hat 
Hamiota Melita Shoal I.akc 
Hartney Minnedosa Sintaluta 
High RiverMoosejaw Sonris 
Holland Moosotnin Virden 
Indian Hd Morden Wapella 
Crystal City Innisfail Neepawa Wawanesa 
Cypress River Okotoks Weyburn 

Deloraine Killarney Oxbow Winnipeg 
Didsbury I„ethbridgePincherCk Wolseley 
Interest allowed on Savings Bank deposits at 
all branches at highest cui rent rates. Collections 
made at all points at lowest rates. The exten- 
sive branch system of this bank enables it to offer 
exceptional facilities to its customers. 
Winnipeg Branch - GEO. BOWLES, Mgr. 


Dominion Bank 


Capital, authorized - - - $4,000,000.00 
Capital, paid up - - - 3,000,000.00 

Reserve fund and undivided profits 3,565,000.00 

Branohas in Manitoba aad N.W.T. 

WINNIPEG— P. I.. Patton, Mgr. 
Main Office : Cor. Main and McDermot. North End Branch : 709 U aia Street. 





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Power and Pumping Engine 

No water to freeze, nor tank and 
pipe in the way. 

Gasoline in base of engine. 

No gasoline tank to leak or pipe to 

Three sizes— H h.p., 3 h.p., 6h.p. 

The Threshers' Supply Co. 

120 Lombard St. 



Building Materials of every Description in 



Tell us all about your requirements 
and ask for our 1905 Catalog. 


246 Princess Street Winnipeg, Man. 


January, 1905. 

Come With Us 

To the McRae Block 

Cor. King and James Sts. 

During Bonspiel and take 
a look at 

Bradley X Rays Sulky Plow. 

Ideal Disk Harrow 

— All sizes;"' has steel truss 
frame, chilled bearings, 
with recesses at ends of 
boxes, which protect them from dust and dirt. 
Special attention is called to the OSCILLATING 
SCRAPERS, which makes this the " ideal" of 
disk harrows. 


We have decided to open a branch house in Win- 
nipeg to handle future business in the Canadian 
Northwest, and have made arrangements with A. C. 
McRAE to act as our Transfer Agent ; also for office 
and sample room in the new McRAE BLOCK, WIN- 
NIPEG, where our representative will be pleased to 
entertain our friends during BONSPIEL. 

Bradley No. IO Double Disk Gan j. 


Bradley Disk Plows 

have ball-bearing hubs, 
furnished in 1, 2, 3 and 4 
disks. Convertible 1 to 3 
disks. Our 4-disk specially adapted for STEAM 

Bradley X & XX Rays Sulkies & Gangs 

rebuilt with high wheels, long hubs and high foot 
lift. Furnished with patent spring clevis, which 
will be appreciated in stony ground. Fitted with 
breaker or stubble bottoms. 

Ideal Disk Harrow. 


David Bradley Mfg. Co. 




M. \J . MILLER, Canadian Representative. 

Home Office and Factory at BRADLEY, ILL., U. S. A. 




January, 1905. 






WALTER A. WOODS, Hoosiek Falls, N.Y. 

DOWAGIAC MFG. CO., Dowagiac, Mich. 

PETROLEA WAGON CO., Petrolea, Ont. 

Binders, Mowers, Rakes 


Shoe Drills, Single Disc Drills, Double 
Disc Drills, Hoe Drills. 


Farm Wagons, Freight Wagons, Heavy 
Street Wagons. 


J. I. CASE PLOW CO., Racine, Wis. 


KENTUCKY WAGON & MFG. CO., Louisville, Ky. 

New Triumph Sulkies, New Triumph Gangs, 
Steel beam Plows, Breaking Plows, 
Disc Harrows. 


Top Buggies, Open Buggies, Bike Wagons, 
Phaetons, Mikados, Surreys, Spring Wagons. 



Old Hickory Farm Wagons, 
Freight Wagons, Heavy Truck Wagons. 







The Balfour Implement Co., Ltd. 


Offices : 319 Union Bank Building, Winnipeg, Canada 



January, 1905. 


Best to Buy, Sell or Use. 

^ockshutt Shoe Drill 

The Best Line of Implements on Earth. 

^ » ^ ^ - drag Shoe ) 

Hoe Shoe Single and Double Disc Drills, All Sizes 

Cockshutt Shok and Dise Drills 
Our Drills give satisfaction 
Constantly increasing trade 
Keep in working order for years 
Sows all kinds of grain accurately 
Have all the latest improvements 
Used by the progressive farmers 
The kind that stay sold 
Take the lead everywhere 

Double disc shoes work perfectly 
Ratchet drive in both wheels 
It has a comfortable seat for the driver 
Levers for tilting shoes a great advantage 
Light in draft. 

Send for Illustrated Catalogue 

We want to see 
you if you come 
to the Bonspiel 
or the Dealers' 
Convention at 
Winnipeg. We 
can interest you. 

If our traveller 
does not call be- 
fore you leave for 
Winnipeg, do not 
place any Orders 
until you have 
seen our com- 
plete line : : : : 

Oup Line of PLOWS is Up-to-date in Every Way 

COCKSHUTT PLOWS never fail to satisfy. One Plow 
sold sells more. We are building the best. Our line of Plows for 
1905 is more complete and better than ever. Drop a line for our 
latest Catalogue. 

Cockshutt Plow Co. Ltd. 


Factory : BRANTFORD 

Vol. I, No. I. 



Published each month by 

Canadian farm Implements, Etd. 

901-2 Union Bank Building, 
Winnipeg. Man., Canada. 
Phone 518. 

Single copies Five Cents. Fifty Cents per year. 
(Postage Paid Anywhere.) 

Rates Made Known on Application. 
Change rf Copy for Advertisements should reach 
this office not later than the 15th of each 
month— Cuts and Copy for New Adver- 
tisements can be received as late as 
the 20th of each month . 

This paper does not undertake to endorse 
opinions that may be expressed in its corres- 
pondence columns. 

F. D. Blakely - President and Manager. 
1\ G. Van Vleet - - Vice-President. 

Eastern Office : 
1 Wellington St. W., Toronto, Ont. 
Chicago Office 
Room 818 Hartford Building. 
A. S. Core - Representative. 



With this issue Canadian Farm 
Implements makes its bow to the 
world. We do not put forward the 
claim, so often advanced in launch- 
ing journalistic enterprises, that we 
have come "to fill a long felt want ;" 
suffice it that we believe the time 
has now arrived when such a jour- 
nal can find in the Canadian West 
especially an ample and rapidly ex- 
panding field of usefulness, and that 
its energies, if properly directed, 
will result in much benefit to the 
implement trade of this country. 

There is probably no other line 
of commerce carried on in Canada 
upon which the success of the coun- 
try generally is so dependent as the 
farm implement trade. It is a trite 
thing to say that the foundation of 
the national success of Canada' is its 
agriculture; this is especially true 
of this magnificent western domain, 


but where would the success of its 
farming be to-day if it were not iot 
the wonderful strides that nave been 
made in the improvement of farm 
implements in general, and in their 
adaptation to the peculiar conditi ns 
of prairie agriculture in particular? 
It is true that many factors are 
bringing their individual contribu- 
tions to the rapidly growing great- 
ness of all Canada, but amongst 
these the placing in the hand of 
the people of the very most approv- 
ed class of machinery is certainly 
far, far indeed from being the 1 s 
With our high rates of wages, re- 
moteness from outside consuming 
markets, and in consequent heavy 
freight charges, agricultural pro- 
duction, to be remunerative in this 
country to such an extent as to 
make exportation possible must be 
accomplished much more cheaply 
than is the case in almost any other 
part of the world. This result can- 
not be reached except through the 
use of the very best farming tools. 

It is with this thought we have 
proceeded to the establishing of 
Canadian Farm Implements. We 
believe in the power of the press. 
We are confident that a journal 
such as this can be used tor cht 
advancement of the trade. We isel 
sure it can be employed to dissem- 
inate information that will be oi 
benefit to everyone interested, 
manufacturer, wholesaler and dea- 
ler. We know it can do a benefi- 
cial work in facilitating the ac- 
quaintance of the large army who 
are ihentified with the implement 
trade of Manitoba, the Territories, 
British Columbia and all Canada. 
These are a few of the features of 
our work, just as they occur to us 
now ; and we intend to perform our 
task well. 

In indentifying ourselves with 
this work, it is a source of gratifi- 
cation to reflect that the betterment 
of farm machinery to meet the pec- 
culiarly pressing demands of this 
country is not only bound to bring 
added prosperity to our people, but 
is also sure later on, to bring its 
blessing to the world at large. The 
Canadian West owes many a debt 
to those eastern provinces and lands 
whose best blood has been drawn 
to give us so sturdy a race, but in 
the object lessons which western 
agriculture, in return, furnishes of 
the benefits to be eojoyed by adopt- 

., JANUARY, 1905. 

ing improved machinery, this coun- 
try is amply adjusting its obliga- 

Nor is the importance of the im- 
plement trade of Canada simply a 
reflected greatness — a greatness 
which is derived from the depend- 
ence upon it of the country's agri- 
culture. Its great proportions 
makes it a branch of commerce 
which in itself is of the first conse- 
quence. Accurate figures are not 
available, but it mav be stated as 
an approximation that the annual 
sale of farm implements in Western 
Canada alone amounts to about 
eight million dollars. When it is 
remembered that our annual immi- 
gration has already reached a ooint 
above one hundred and thirtv thou- 
sands of people, and that this num- 
ber is likely to be rapidly surpassed 
from year to year, also that this 
means the constant addition of a 
great volume of entirely new busi- 
ness, it will be seen that the farm 
implement trade in this country is 
destined to soon reach proportions 
which will be little short of stupen- 

To lend our strength in every 
legitimate way to help build up and 
solidify this trade will be our aim, 
and we believe the service that Can- 
adian Farm Implements can render 
will entitle it to an ample measure 
of patronage. 

Another for Winnipeg. 

Air. B. H. Bradley, general sales 
manager, Uavid Uradley Mfg. Co., 
Uradley, Illinois, spent several days 
ii. Winnipeg the first of the present 
month, looking over the future of 
the Canadian Northwest from his 
Company's standpoint. While here 
Mr. Bradley was the guest of the 
Winnipeg Wholesale Implement 
and Carriage Association, at their 
annual banquet. He was highly 
pleased with the courtesies extend- 
ed him by the members, and res- 
ponded in a few well chosen words 
to a call for a speech. 

After nearly a week's stay in the 
city, during which time he went 
carefully into the business future 
of the country, he decided that his 
Company should not longer delay 
in "getting in on the ground floor," 
and increase their already satisfar 
tory trade, and accordingly arrang- 
ed with A. C. McRae to act as stor- 
age and forwarding agent, and en- 
gaged Mr. M. J. Miller, formerly 
superintendent of the plow dent of 
'he Massey-Harris, as Canadian 

Subscription Price { 

representative. Mr. Miller will 
have office and sample room in the 
McRae Block, corner Main and 
James Streets. Winnipeg. With 
this organization, Mr. Bradley feels 
and expects that his company will 
secure a very large share of the 
Canadian trade. 

Standard Machines. 

One of the noteworthy features 
of the cream separator trade is the 
gradual reduction in the price of 
these machines during the past de- 
cade. Of nearlv every type the 
price has been reduced or the capa- 
city increased — the result being the 
same. The present price should 
not deter any farmer with a dairy 
from investing in a machine which 
will save time, labor and money as 
does the cream separator. 

Colonial Exhibition. 

The Colonial Products exhibi- 
tion, which, as its name indicates, 
is intended to illustrate the resourc- 
es and industries of the British 
Colonies, opened in Liverpool this 
month. A similar exhibition was 
held there last year, but the present 
affair was much larger and more 
comprehensive in its scope. Canada 
was well represented, as were also 
Australia, South Africa, and other 
parts of the British Empire. 


Have your spring deliveries made 
early so that you can get ahead of 
your competitor. 

The capital stock of the Moline 
Plow Co. has been increased to the 
snug' sum of $ * OOO.OOO. 

Business men of Yankton, S.D., 
have organized the Yankton Mfg. 
Co., capitalized at $25,000 for the 
purpose of manufacturing and 
placing on the market a new auto- 
matic windmill regulator. 

The Fosston Windstacker Com- 
pany of St. Louis Park, Minn., has 
changed its name to the Fosston 
Manufacturing Company, and will 
move its principal place of business 
to St Paul. 

Going to take up automobiles 
this year? More and more imple- 
ment men are doing this and thev 
find that is a good paying line. Of 
course, you would not expect to sell 
more than a thousand, but there is 
profit in each one. 



January, 1905. 

Great Northern Progressing. 

In all of the railroad yards of 
the Great Northern road, there is 
being collected a great number of 
small box cars. This is the result 
of an order which went into effect 
January r, to cut out all 28 and 30- 
foot freight cars, and no more of 
these small cars will be used by the 
road. The 28 feet cars have a 
capacity of only 28,000 pounds, and 
the Great Northern after years of 
experience has learned that they 
are both expensive and dangerous. 
They are built light and when there 
is trouble these cars are always in 
the centre of the mix-up. The 
freight cars now used are in the 
main 40 feet long, built massive and 
strong, and have a carrying capa- 
city of 80,000 pounds. The expense 
of hauling freight is these cars is 
much less than the same quantity, 
in two or three smaller cars, and 
there is much less danger of wrecks 
and smash-ups. Just what will be 
done with the discarded cars is not 
known but they will probably be 
sold to small roads and branch 

The Swindler and the Implement 

A recent issue of Farm Imple- 
ment News gives an account of the 
way in which implement dealers 
throughout the central states have 
been greatly disturbed by exceed- 
ingly low quotations made to far- 
mers by a Chicago supply house on 
numerous standard makes of im- 
plements and wagons. ■ The quota- 
tions given by this house are not 
genuine because they cannot supply 
the goods on which prices are 
named, yet they have made farmers 
suspicious of the dealers' prices. It 
is believed that the concern has no 
intention of supplying anything on 
which it quotes prices in the imple- 
ment and wagon line, much less the 
standard makes which it pretends 
to sell. 

The real purpose of the low prices 
is lo establish for the house a repu- 
tation as a place to secure bargains. 
Before the inquiring farmers learn 
the character of the concern and 
realize that its implement and -wag- 
on quotations are insincere, its can- 
vasser call upon them and try to 
secure orders for wearing apparel, 
which is the real stock in trade of 
the house and which, it is needless 
to add, is sold at exorbitant prices 
for cash in advance or note which 
is placed in the hands of an "inno- 
cent third party" to forestall any 
effort to escape payment. To se- 
cure the clothing order, the canvas- 
ser agrees to ship certain standard 
makes of implements or wagons at 
about one-half the regular retail 

Recently in Ohio, well known 
lines of implements were offered 
under the foregoing conditions at 
prices low enough to excite suspi- 
cion in the mind of any thoughtful 

farmer, yet in many cases the bait 
was swallowed and cash or note 
given for the clothing order. Some 
of the victims of this shrewdly de- 
vised scheme, while waiting for the 
delivery of the implements or wag- 
ons ordered at the same time, took 
occasion to complain to local imple- 
ment dealers of the prices they ask- 
ed for the same makes of goods. 
Worse than that they boasted of 
their alleged bargains to other far- 
mers, thereby discrediting- the deal- 
ers in the eyes of buyers generally. 

The Balfour Implement Go. 

One of Winnipeg's oldest imple- 
ment men is Joseph Balfour, and 
one of Winnipeg's latest jobbing 
houses is the Balfour Implement 
Company, Limited, with offices in 
the new Union Bank building and 
abundant warehouse facilities to 
handle a large turnover in this line. 

The line of carriages, spring wag- 
ons, bike wagons, etc., made by The 
Barrie Carriage Co., of Barrie. 
Ont, and the farm, freight and 
dray wagons and heavy sleighs 
made by The Petrolea Wagon 
Company, of Petrolia, Ont., are 
their lines of Canadian made goods, 
while plows of all kinds from The 
J. C. Case Plow Co.. Racine : shoe 
disc and hoe grain drills from The 
Dowagiac Mfg. Co.. of Dowagiac. 
Mich". ; old hickory farm and freight 
wagons from The Kentuckv Wag- 
on Co., Louisville. Ky.. and mow- 
ers, rakes and harvesters from Wal- 
ter A. Wood. M. & R. M. Co.. 
Hoosic Falls. N.Y.. and help to 
round out a choice line of imple- 
ments to offer the dealers of this 
country bv the Balfour Company. 

Gasoline Engines. 

E. S. Cooper, who for the last 
10 years has been engaged in the 
Gasoline Engine business in Canada 
and for the last 2.\ years a member 
of the firm of Burridge & Cooper, 
Wininpeg, has recently withdrawn 
from that concern and will erect a 
plant in Winnipeg to manufacture 
a line of high-grade Gasoline En- 
gines under the firm name of the 
Cooper Gasoline Engine Co. A 
pattern shop has been fitted out and 
some of the patterns are now com- 
pleted. A full line of Gasoline En- 
gine supplies will be carried and 
thei- are now offering engines to 
dealers. This will be the first iron 
working plant in the west devoting 
its entire energy to only one line 
and it is the purpose of the com- 
pany to furnish engines especially 
designed to suit the needs of users 
in the West. 

Big Increase in Homestead 

The homestead entries for 1904 
were 1,910, as compared with 1,578 
for 1903. 


Good Harness 

And for this write to 

The Great West Saddlery Co. 

Winnipeg, Man., or Calgary, Alta., for their latest Illustrated Catalogue. 








It is our opinion that we have one of the best agency 
propositions on Air-Cooled Gasoline Engines ever offered to 
dealers. A great many manufacturers have tried making 
Air-Cooled Engines, but only a few have been successful. 
A great many will keep cool while running in win'erbut not 
in hot weather. We give you one we guarantee to run under 
full load all day in the hottest of weather and keep cool. It 
It is a strictly high-^rade outfit that it is a pleasure to sell. 
The profits we offer you are good — perhaps better than on 
any other you could handle. Write us for agents' particulars. 


501 Bannatyne Av., Winnipeg, Man. Tel. 3249. 

[♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^ 




Best for the Dealer to Buy to Sell, 


Best for the Farmer to Buy to Use. 


J650 Ft. Pure Manila. 


600 Ft. Manila. 


550 Ft. Standard Manila. 


500 Ft. Standard. 

Trade Mark— Registered. 


During the week, Feb}-. 8th to 15th, our Representative, Mr. J. W. Fairchild, 
will be at the Hotel Clarendon. He will "be pleased to see anyone interested 
in Binder Twine, and to show samples of our goods. 

Twine Dealers, particularly, are invited to call upon Mr. Fairchild and get 
his proposition before ordering twine for the season of 1905. 



January, 1905. 



The Implement Trade of the 

Dealers whose only experience 
in the implement business has been 
gained in the Canadian West are 
probably a little apt to think that 
although other parts of the con- 
tinent may not quite keep up the 
pace set by this country in the 
way of adopting improved farm 
implements, still they follow not 
so far behind. The difference, for 
example, between the way in which 
farmers here take hold of new lines 
of machinery and that in which im- 
proved machines are received in the 
South-eastern States is somewhat 
strikingly brought out in an after 
dinner speech on "The Implement 
Trade of the South/' recently made 
by F. W. Whitman at the annual 
banquet of the Baltimore Implement 
and Vehicle Association. Mr. 
Whitman's remaks, given as fol- 
lows, show how "way back" south- 
ern agriculture really is. He 
said : 

"When this subject was first 
named to me by one of your com- 
mittee and I wrote it down, I felt 
very much like adding a large ex- 
clamation point after it ; but after 
a little more mature reflection I felt 
disposed to change my ideas and 
put an interrogation point after it, 
as I consider the implement trade 
of the south worthy of this question 
mark, and as a matter of fact a 

In the first place, in order to have 
an implement trade there must be 
an interest taken in agriculture. 
That this situation exists in the 
south I am going to try and explain 
by a few figures, for which I am in- 
debted to the Progressive Farmer, 
published in North Carolina. In a 
recent article issued by that paper 
are given the following statistics 
from North Carolina and adjoining 
states, by which I infer they mean 
North Carolina, South Carolina and 
Virginia: "Of our chief sources 
of agricultural wealth in 1899, 
animal products led, with a value 
of $111,000,000. Next came corn, 
with $104,000,000; cotton, third, 
with $96,000,000; vegetables, four- 
th, $30,000,000; hay and fodder, 
fifth, $24,000,000; wheat, sixth, 
$20,000,000; tobaco, seventh, $19,- 
000,000 ; lumbering enterprises, 
eighth, $18,000,000." 

Now, gentlemen, it is certainly 
sure that where there is such a 
varied assortment of agricultural 
interests there should be a large 
agricultural implement business, 
and yet my personal experience is 
that this business is in a very crude 
state in the south. My first exper- 
ience in the south was in the year 
1881, when I found it practically 
impossible to sell improved mach- 
inery. About the only implements 
they used at that time were the 
little cheap cast iron plows such as 
the Dixie, or what is known in 
the south as a plow stock. We 
must all of us take off our hats to 
the chilled and steel plow manufac- 

turtrs and acknowledge that on 
them depends the making of an 
implement trade; that is to say, un- 
til the farmers get to using some- 
thing larger than the little one-horse 
plows with which they only scratch 
the land they have no use for other 
machinery. After being absent 
from the south a little over fifteen 
years I was surprised on going 
back there about eight years ago to 
see the improvements that had been 
made, and these improvements have 
been going on slowly during the 
past eight or ten years, but are 
still very far behind our near-by 
home trade. There is to-day in the 
south a demand, to a certain ex- 
tent, for all classes of improved 
farming implements, but the trade 
on them is so scattered and so dis- 
connected, the travelling expenses 
so heavy, the railroad accommoda- 
tions so poor, that it makes it a 
difficult proposition for any one to 
go there and do a paying business 
in our line. 

There are gentlemen here to- 
night who have represented well 
known lines of goods that have 
made this effort and who, I belive, 
will back me up in this statement. 
Understand, please, I do not wish 
to throw a damper on the pros- 
pects for a southern implement 
business, as I believe it is the place 
for us to look for our future busi- 
ness ; but I want to impress the fact 
that the man who goes there ex- 
pecting to find gold dollars in the 
middle of the street is going to be 
most badly fooled. Going back 
to statistics again for a moment, 
the Progressive Farmer states that 
according to the census of 1899 
southern farming paid a dividend 
of 25 per cent, while the rest of the 
entire United States paid but 14.2 
per cent. North Carolina paid in 
that year 29.6 per cent, South 
Carolina 33.8 per cent, Virginia 
1 9. 1 per cent, Georgia 34.6 per cent 
and Tennessee 24 per cent. It 
further states that from 1880 to 
T900 the value of lands in the south 
increased 67 per cent and in the 
balance of the United States but 
62 per cent. The value of imple- 
ments in the south increased 120 
per cent, while in the whole country 
the increase was but 84 per cent. 

By the trade being in a crude 
state I mean that both farmer and 
dealer do not understand the goods 
and there are therefore a great 
many complaints about machines 
that justly belong to the users and 
sellers. I had a large hardware 
dealer in South Carolina approach 
me on a recent trip to take back a 
corn drill which I had sold him 
last spring, claiming it did not suit 
his trade and he could not sell it. 
Upon investigation I found the fer- 
tilizer hopper with a considerable 
quantity of corn in it, showing con- 
clusively that the user had tried to 
drill corn from the fertilizer hop- 
per. This is but one of many ex- 
periences I have had of this nature. 

Then again, improved machinery 
is antagonized by such labor as they 

have and many farmers are afraid 
to tackle it for fear of the results. 
Notwithstanding all of these draw- 
backs, the intelligent farmers will 
tell you they want improved mac- 
hinery, and if you can see suffi- 
cient profit in it to sell it and then 
go from farm to farm and instruct 
them how to use it you can get the 
business. But, will this pay? My 
personal experience is that it will 
not, at least for any length of time. 
It might do in a few exceptional 
cases. Profits are too close to jus- 
tify two or possibly three trips to 
sell the same article. Missionary 
work is expensive. It sometimes 
pays, but I believe, as a rule, the 
fellow that come behind the mis- 
sionary is usually the fellow that 
makes the profit. 

Now, in conclusion, I believe the 
implement business is there, but as 
to how to get it is the question. 1 
When I say, how to get it I mean 
how to get it and make it pay. 
This is a question that each one of | 
us will have to studv and solve for 

U.S. Exports of Implements. 

The returns regarding the ex- 
ports of implements from the 
United States during the first 
eleven months of 1904 show a 
slight decrease when compared with 
those representating the trade dur- 
ing the same period in 1903. The 
following table shows the exports 
to various countries during the two 
seasons. It is noteworthy that 
while the trade with Canada has 
shown a falling off, that with Cana- 
; da's great South American rival, 
; the Argentine Republic, has shown 
a considerable increase. It is also 
worthy of note, as one of the re- 
sults of the war in which Russia is 
engaged, that the United States' 
exports of implement to that coun- 
try during November, 1903, were 
valued at $264,569, while those for 
the same month of 1904 had fallen 
down to $16,994 — only about one- 
sixteenth the amount. The table 
of exports is as follows : — 

Eleven months 

Articles and Countries. ending November 





Mowers and Reapers, and parts 

10 985 0.14 

10 765 417 

Plows and Cult.vators, and r.arts 


2 850 297 

2 715 720 

All other, and parts of 

7 616 225 

7 275 938 

21 452 476 

20 758 075 

Exported to- 

1 726 886 

United Kingdom 

1 574 ?45 


174 299 

213 562 

2 859 433 

2 971 726 

1 C97 463 

1 250 488 


194 703 

135 111 


194 502 

229 335 

3 504 098 

2 982 024 

1 174 045 

1 262 674 

British North America . . 

3 539 466 

3 030 574 

Central American States 


British Honduras 

12 218 

12 043 


293 :91 

321 668 


76 671 

134 422 

Other West Indies and 


9 885 

10 975 


3 312 447 

4 103 720 


33 as 

47 004 


233 077 

251 838 


1 572 

3 289 

1 106 

1 501 

Other South America 

185 133 

lii 650 

British East Indies 

48 235 

59 759 

British Australasia 

1 378 360 

1 301 480 

Phi'ippi 'e Is'anda 

15 600 

. 25 592 

Other Asia and Oceania . 

173 205 

42 263 

British Africa 

978 358 

428 093 

86 289 

98 398 

Total fgricultural implements. 21 476 

20 tSB »75 

Yalue of Dealers' Conventions. 

No one can correctly estimate 
the value to the dealers in meeting 
occasionally in trade) convention. 
It should not be measured merely 
by dollars and cents. As has been 
said, we were not intended to live 
our lives selfishly, looking out sol- 
ely for our own interests, and just 
spending what money we were com- 
pelled to spend from time to time. 
If this were the only aim in the 
world this mundane sphere would 
indeed be a gloomy place in which 
to live. Fortunately the majority 
of wide-awake business men take 
a broader view of the question, 
which accounts for the fact that 
each year witnesses a larger attend- 
ance at events of this kind than the 
preceding year. Dealers by meet- 
ing in this social manner are enab- 
led to impart to each other valuable 
ideas, consequently business is 
being conducted upon broader, more 
substantial lines, and the general 
trade is being benefited thereby. 
Fvery dealer in implements or ve- 
hicles should ally himself with his 
local association and thus be placed 
in a position where he does not 
merely participate in its benefits, 
but, by contributing his brain and 
a little money, becomes an active 
worker in the upbuilding of the 
trade he represents. 

The influence exerted by the con- 
certed action of a strong associa- 
tion must ever outweigh individual 
effort, however excelent, of its 
kind. Bear this fact constantly in 
mind, and if you are truly interest- 
ed in the welfare of yourself and 
brother dealers you will not remain 

without the protecting influeniop 
of your local organization. — "The 

Spokesman. . 

The Trade Journal. 

A journal which the president of 
a, large concern insists upon seeing 
as soon as the mail arrives is of in- 
finitely greater influence and value 
than that which disputes with the 
penny dreadful 'the honor of dis- 
sipating the ennui of the office boy. 

If space is purchased in a good 
paper and then filled with good 
material, illustrations, argument, 
etc., profitable results are sure to 

The trade journal is sort of busi- 
ness missionary, whose particular 
diity is to gather in all the possible 
customers, big and little, in its 
chosen field, and send the retailer 
to the jobber and the jobber to the 
manufacturer for the goods adver- 
tised in its pages. 

We might twist the old adage, 
and make it read "Persistency, thou 
art a jewel." Certainly this is true 
when it applies to trade' journal ad- 
vertising. "Spasms" and "i-ts" are 
as dangerous to the life of an adver- 
tisement as they are to human life 
and hapiness. Be a Persistent, Con- 
sistent Advertiser. — Profitable Ad- 


January, 1905. 

Winnipeg W. I. & C. Association. 

The usual banquet held at the 
Mariaggi preceeding the annual 
election of the Winnipeg Wholesale 
Implement and Carriage Associa- 
tion was a decided success. From 
soup to cigars, everything was 
proper and right and the interest 
shown by the members is the best 
evidence of the success of this 

After the cigars were lighted, 
the chiarman proposed the toast: 
"The King. God bless him," 
which was responded to by the en- 
tire company with genuine patrio- 
tic heartiness. "Commercial In- 
terests" was ably handled by A. L. 
Johnson, vice-pres. of the Board of 
Trade, and F. O. Fowler, sec. of 
the Northwest Grain Association. 
The latter gentleman, among other 
statements, said: 

"W ith the immigration that is 
coming into the country annually, 
and which will doubtless increase 
year by year, I think the estimate 
I have made is a' most conservative 
one." "I have allowed nothing for 
Athabasca, with its acreage of over 
150,000,000, and as it is a fact that 
the hard wheat belt is receding 
northward at a rate of fifteen miles 
every year, there is no doubt that 
some day, at least a part of this 
immense territory will be avail- 
able for grain growing. Besides 
this, I have only taken one-third of 
Assiniboia and Alberta, and one- 
quarter of Saskatchewan, as avail- 
able for wheat, and allowed one-half 
of this again for summer fallow 
and pasture." 

The folowing table shows the 
acreage in the various territories: 

Territory. Acres. Available. 

Assiniboia 57,177,600 19,059,200 

Saskatchewan . . . . 6,120,000 17,280,000 

Alberta 63,523,200 21,174,400 

"This gives a total available acre- 
age of 57,000,000, and allowing 
half of this for summer fallow and 
pasture, leaves 28,500,000 acres, 
two-thirds of which would be 
wheat, and 19,000,000 at 19 bushels 
to the acre, a twenty year average, 
would be 361,000,000 acres. 


"Coming to Manitoba, we have 
an acreage of 47,332,840, of which 
I put at least 18,000,000 acres as 
cultivatable. Allowing half for 
summer fallow, leaves 9,000,000 
acres for crop, two-thirds of which 
would be wheat, namely, 6,000,000 
acres, and at 19 bushels to the acre 
would produce 114,000,000 bushels 
of wheat. This, added to the 
361,000,000 bushels estimated for 
the Northwest Territories, makes 
a total of 475,000,000 bushels of 

Mr. Fowler has prepared figures 
estimating the wheat acreage for 
Manitoba and the Northwest Ter- 
ritories for 1905, and gives it as 
4,000,000 acres. 

"Railway Interests," the ever en- 
tertaining topic, was coupled with 
the names of Major Swinford, of 
the Northern Pacific and Mr. Pres- 
ton, of the Soo road, both gentle- 

MR. JOSEPH MAW, Pres. W.W.I. & C. A. 

men spoke of the rapid progress 
of the great Northwest and that 
they always found an implement 
of some kind among the first bil- 
lings to the newly opened station. 

"Our Association," gave Mr. Ed. 
A. Mott and Mr. Joseph Maw a 
text from which they advanced 
many good arguments why the 
Association was good, was doing 
good, and would continue to do 
good in the future. 

"International Trade," that theme 
that interests govenrnments all 
over the world and the tariff cranks 
wherever they are was responded 
to by Mr. D. B. Bradley, of the 
Bradley Mfg. Co., Bradley, Illinois. 

"The Press." That necessary 
evil represented by editor Dafoe, of 
the Free Press ; J. J. Montcrieff , of 
The Tribune, and F. D. Blakely, of 
Canadian Farm Implements, was 
duly credited to all that was due. 

"The Ladies" and Mr. T. L. Met- 
calfe. Well, Metcalfe was there 
and the ladies were not, and the 
toast was duly honored. 

At the conclusion of the list the 
health of the president, Mr. Hutch- 
ison, was proposed by Mr. A. L. 
Johnson and brought for a spirited 
reply from the past president, who 
is always in good form and has 
something interesting and to the 
point to offer. 

The speeches were all bright, 
clever and racy. 

The 1905 banquet was the best in 

the series and we hope many may 
follow after. 

Five years ago the Jobbers, 
Manufacturers, Representatives, 
Managers of branch houses, etc., 
engager in the implement business 
in Winnipeg, met and organized 
The Winnipeg Wholesale Imple- 
ment and Carriage Association, and 
to-day. we believe there are but few 
representative houses in the kindred 
lines, doing business in Winnipeg 
that are not members of this Assoc- 

It is doing for the wholesale 
trade what a Retail Dealers' Assoc- 
iation could do for the dealers of 
this territory. Getting better ac- 
quainted with each other. Realiz- 
ing that the compentitor for trade 
across the way does not wear horns. 
Is not an Ananias and wants to do 
business as it should be done, and 
that the better basis trade is done 
on the better it is for everybody 
in that trade are principals, which, 
if followed, closely means success. 
The influence of this Association 
on the implement business of the 
Northwest can hardly be estim- 

Following past practice, The 
annual meeting was held in the 
Board of Trade rooms, Saturday, 
January 14th, at four p.m., and 
nearly every member was present. 
The usual statements of the officers 
were presented and accepted. 

Mr. W. H. Hutchinson, the re- 
tiring president of the association, 

spoke of the pleasant relationship 
which had existed among the mem- 
bers during his term of office and 
of the better feeling which was 
being developed in the trade on ac- 
count of the influences brought to 
bear by the organization. They 
had been able to do away with a 
number of abuses and he felt that 
the influence should be extended as 
much as possible. His address was 
well received. 

The officers for the following 
year were elected and appointed as 
follows : 

President — Mr. Jos. Maw, of Jos. 
Maw & Co. 

1st Vice-Pres.— Mr. A. E. Mott, 
of the Cockshutt Plow Co. 

2nd Vice-Pres. — Mr. A. C. Mc- 

Sec. Treas. — Mr. A. G. Watson, 
of John Watson Mfg. Co. 

Executive Committee — O. P. 
Robb, H. W. Hutchinson, J. E. 
Ruby, A. M. Stewart, John R. Nor- 
ris, G. W. Erb. 

The President, Mr. Maw, on 
taking the chair, appointed the 
Standing Committees as follows for 
the ensuing year. 

Transportation — H. W. Hutch- 
inson (Convenor), L. Hartshorne, 
L. C. Hazlett. 

Entertainment — E. L. McVicar 
(Convener), A. C. McRae, C. P. 

Exhibition — J. E. Ruby (Con- 
vener), A. M. Stewart, John Her- 

Constitution — J. D. Balfour 
(Convener), W. Johnston, C. H. 

Legislation — Geo. W. Erb (Con- 
vener), J. M. Reid, J. B. McCut- 

With forty members, represent- 
ing as many varied interests in the 
implement and carriage trade in 
Winnipeg, this Association prob- 
ably represents a larger turn over 
in merchandise values, and certainly 
represents an interest that is in clos- 
er touch and better understands the 
progress and advancement being 
made, and that will take place in 
our great country in the near fu- 
ture, than any other similar associa- 

A Change of Heart. 

A dealer there was who loyed his ease 

(Even as y'ou or I), 
And farmers are often so hard to please- 
To many good prospects he failed to freeze, 
And lost his ambition in time by degrees, 

(Then didn't he kick? Oh, my!) 

Accounts which seemed good he lost one by one 

(He hated to dun, you know) 
And hills he should discount allowed to o'er-nm, 
Qaye up the twine canvass he early begun, 
Declared selling implements "really no fun" 

(The profits came in so slow.) 

Of wide-awake rivals grew jealous in time 

(They injured his trade, no doubt). 
Until he felt certain he'd lose his last dime. 
And go to the poorhouse while yet in his prime. 
Declared self-destruction was really no crime. 
('Twas dreadful to see him pout.) 

Put a trade paper cheered him, he took a brace 
(Of course upon New Year's day). 

A smile chased the sorrow from out of his face; 

With courage he started to fix up his place, 

And soon felt as proud as the rest of his race. 
(His whistle was blithe and gay.) 

Then customers came— some old. some new— 

(His smile was pleasant to see). 
He pictured his future with roseate hue. 
Discounted his bills long before they were due, 
And sang with delight as his trade daily grew. 
(Here's a moral for you and me.) 
Orlo L. Dobson, to Farm Implement News. 

January, 1905. 



Why the Disc Plow has Come to 

Address by J. W. Farmer to the 
Dealers in Convention assembled 
at Wichita, Kansas. 

Gentlemen of the Convention : 

When called upon to prepare a 
paper upon why the disc plow will 
be permanent in this territory, if 
struck me as being an unimportant 
question. Then it dawned upon 
me why I had been selected by your 
honorable directors for this sub- 
ject, and as this will be a very dry 
part of the programme I will make 
it brief. 

I believe that every member of 
the Association is already convinced 
that the disc plow has come to stay, 
and if this conclusion is correct 
then each member knows the rea- 

In the first place, the plan of sow- 
ing wheat in stubble fields without 
plowing is fast passing away ; as 
every observing farmer has dis- 
covered that each year the necessity 
for plowing is becoming more and 
more apparent, and the time is neai 
at hand when land must be plowed 
every season to raise wheat, and 
with the increasing necessity for 
plowing comes the increased de- 
mand for disc plows. For various 
reasons it is another step along the 
line of progression ; they run light- 
er than the mould-board plows ; 
they cost less by about ten dollars 
and it costs less to keep them sharp- 
ened. They are more convenient 
to handle in the field ; a man having 
absolutely nothing to do after they 
are properly adjusted but to oil 
them occasionally and set uppn the 
seat and drive. They have adjust- 
ments for different conditions of 
ground that are far ahead of any 
mould-board plow and some of the 
best makes are almost indestruct- 

One especial feature to which I 
would call your attention is the 
adaptability to circumstances. For 
instance, you have a three disc 
plow ; in about twenty minutes you 
can have a two disc plow, or a one 
disc plow, acording to the number 
of horses you can spare to run it. 
Think of it! a two, four or six 
horse plow all in one, and also at 
the price of a common gang plow. 

In my twenty years' experience 
in this country I have no recollec- 
ion of ever having seen a fall but 
what at some time it was too dry 
to plow with a mould-board plow, 
and generally a great part of the 
time at that, and this is where a 
disc plow is appreciated. Of course, 
the disc plow, like everything else, 
is best when surrounding conditions 
are favorable, but it has been de- 
monstrated over and over again 
that a man can go on and continue 
to do a fair job of plowing with a 
disc plow after the ground has 
become so hard it cannot be stirred 
with a mould-board plow. Occas- 
ionally you hear some exceedingly 
wise man say that when the ground 
is too hard to stir with a mould- 

MR. A. E. MOTT, 1st Vice-Pres. W. W. I. & C. A. 

board plow, you had better not 
plow at all. To this kind of an ar- 
gument I would answer that if the 
ground is so hard you can't plow, 
how are you going to sow without 

Every dealer, as well as every 
successful farmer, in his territory 
knows it is of the utmost import- 
ance that wheat be sown in the 
proper season and the disc plow 
makes it possible under the differ- 
ent conditions in this territory to 
do so. It also makes it possible to 
put in wheat in better shape than 
in any other way. Some inexper- 
ienced man will say that the disc 
plow will not work in wet ground, 
but my experience has been that a 
disc plow will do far better work 
in wet ground than a mould-board 
plow will do in dry ground, and 
ninety per cent, of our plowing is 
done when the ground is in good 
condition, or dry and hard. There- 
fore the wet ground question is so 
insignificent it needs no considera- 
tion in the plow business of this 
territory and the evidence is so ap- 
parent to me that it is a onesided 

Every jobber in the jurisdiction 
of the Southwestern association 
will testify to the increasing trade 
of the disc plow, which is ample 
proof of its value, and I believe T 

am safe in saying that there is. a 
great decline in the sale of the 
mould-board plow all along the line. 
My personal experience has been 
that for the past season at the ratio 
of thirty disc plows to one mould- 
board plow. In most, if not all, 
of the territory adjacent to Wichiti 
the plowing is done in the fall when 
the ground is generally dry, and 
spring crops are being almost en- 
tirely listed, doing away with the 
necessity of otherwise stirring it. 
I speak of this merely to illustrate 
that the disc plow is especially 
adapted to our mode of farming, 
and to our seasons and to our soils. 

Another excellent feauture is its 
adaptability to the steam plow, 
which is becoming very popular, 
and it is more easily attached and 
more easily handled with an engine 
than other styles of plows. I can- 
not take time to illustrate the great 
number of advantages it has in en- 
gine plowing, and the man that con- 
demns the disc plow in this coun- 
try in either inexperienced or maybe 
has not tried the right kind. I sin- 
cerely believe that a few years will 
convince every dealer that may be 
yet unbelieving, as well as every 
farmer in the Southwest territory, 
: of the sweeping superiority* of the 
disc plow. 

Fanners are buying disc plows 

as never before, and I know they 
will pay a larger dividend on the 
investment, taking the life of the 
plow as a unit, than any other im- 
plement on the farm. Wheat 
properly sown ( and I have shown 
it is impossible to sow wheat prop- 
erly without plowing) will yield 
two to eight bushels more per acre 
than wheat sown in weeds and 
stubble, and grades frequently 12c. 
per bushel higher. It requires 
only a few minutes thought to see 
what two to five bushels per acre 
extra and twelve cents additional 
means to a farmer who raises from 
4,000 to 8,000 bushels per year, and 
if it means from $1,500 to $1,800 
to one big wheat raiser, what does 
it mean to the State of Kansas and 
the Territory of Oklahama? 

Gentlemen of the convention, I 
feel that the disc plow needs no 
recommendation from me. The 
disc plow is arguing its own case 
far beyond my power to argue. It 
has taken the lead, as never has a 
farm implement taken the lead be- 
fore. If there is a dealer here to- 
day that is in business in this terri- 
tory and who thinks differently I 
want to say to him, "get onto" the 
disc plow while it is passing this 
way, or he will miss the oppor- 
tunity of his life, and to the farm- 
er T would say, allow not prejudice 
to keep you from investigating the 
value of the disc plow. 

With a firm belief that the great 
majority of the dealers of this ter- 
ritory are already of the same 
opinion as myself in regard to the 
disc plow, I leave the question with 

Mr. Ferguson: I want to offer 
a suggestion along that line. I like 
that paper very much ; it is a good 
paper ; but an old mould-board plow 
is a good thing and a disc plow is 
a good thing, and both are neces- 
sary to handle in business. My 
judgment is that the old mould- 
board plow, when it can be used, is 
the best plow, but the trouble is it 
cannot be used in dry weather. 

Enthusiasm and Salesmanship. 

A good definition of "nobody" 
is a man without enthusiasm. En- 
thusiasm is the power that lifts men 
out of themselves. It is like a 
mighty magnet that attracts and in- 
fluences everything that it touches. 
We are not speaking of periodical 
enthusiasm — a little here and a little 
there. No. It is the habitual en- 
thusiasm that overcomes difficuties. 
It is hard to cultivate, but a sure 
winner when you have it! 

Salesmanship is on a higher plane 
to-day than it has ever been before. 
The old custom of set-'em-up and 
buy-'em-up is dying out. Men of 
character, judgment and reliability 
are the permanently successful ones 
of to-day. Men whose word is 
good and who can gain the confi- 
dence of their customers and thus 
co-operate with them in getting 
the greatest benefit from the use of 
the goods which thev buv. — From 
"Tingwall Talk." 



January, 1905. 

Bill Brown, Boy. 

By Mr. William J. Lampton, in The 
Implement Age. 

He was by no means a pretty boy. 
Nature had been unfair to his face, 
but his eyes sparkled and he was 
clean. It is difficult to go behind 
such returns as these. He obser- 
ved a "Boy Wanted" sign in a store 
window and entered the place. The 
proprietor, a kindly-mannered man, 
sat at a big desk in the corner. 
Him the boy approached fearlessly, 
but carefully. He took off his cap, 
and waited for the man to look up. 
The man saw the interrogation 
points in the boy's eyes. 

"Good morning," he said pleas- 
antly, as if inviting to confidence. 

"Good morning, sir," responded 
the boy. "I seen a notice in 
vour — ■" 

"You seen ?" interrupted the man 
with a pronounced accent on the 

"Yes, sir ; I seen a notice — " 
"Is 'seen' correct?" asked the 

"Correct enough for me, sir," 
said the boy, "Now, if I was pul- 
ling twenty-five per week out of the 
business, I might talk different. 
But you see I ain't. Even if I was 
pulling four per, I might say 'saw.' 
but what's the good of being par- 
ticular on nothing a week and find 
yourself ?" 

The man smiled. He could not 
help it. He had not heard that sort 
of an argument previously. 

"But," he said, "when you are 
out of a job you ought to make the 
best impresion you can in order 
to get one." 

"Well, I don't know about that. 
I know boys that make believe they 
are angels til they catch on, and 
when you go to look for their wings 
I guess they ain't there. I work 
it the other way. I ain't much to 
start with, but I'm a bird when I 
get going once. Your sign says 
vou want a boy. What's the mattet 
with me?" and the boy's face show- 
ed his eagerness for the place. 

"What is your name?" 

"Brown— Bill Brown." 

The man's face dropped several 
degrees. Very evidently he was 
not pleased. 

"Bill Brown— Bill Brown," he re- 
peated to himself. 

"That's it. You've got it all 
right," said the boy. 

"But I don's like it." 

"Oh, there's more to it than that. 
You see it is William Walsingford 
Brown. But how does a name like 
that fit on a boy with $4 a week? 
Now if I was pulling twenty-fi — " 

"Doesn't your mother call you 
Willie?" inquired the man gently. 

"Not if I can help it," said the 
boy with scorn. "Do I look like a 
Willie boy ?" he added, stiffening up 
and sticking out his chin. 

The man smiled again. 
"Not much," he admitted. 

"Thank you, sir. But you don't 
have to call me 'Bill.' You can call 
me 'Willie' if you want to, but I'll 

MR. A, C. McRAE, 2nd Vice Pres. W. W. I. & C. A. 

have to charge you $3 a week extra 
for that. It's worth that much to 
any boy's reputation, ain't it?" 

"Where did you work last?" 

"For a firm that went into bank- 
ruptcy last week. But my salary 
didn't have anything to do with 
that," he hastened to explain. "Be- 
fore that I worked for a milkman." 

"Did he go into bankruptcy?" 

"No, sir He watered his stock 
and kept on." 

"Um — ur," hesitated the man, 
"were you ever in Wall Street?" 

"Yes, sir ; I worked three months 
iu a broker's office." 

"Why did you quit?" 

"I didn't. I got o:i the wrong 
side of- the market, and the boss 
bounced me for gambling during 
business hours." 

"Wasn't he doing the same?" 

"Yes, sir ; but he was on the right 
side of the market." 

"Oh !" said the man, and pon- 
dered a while. 

"Do I get the job?" said the boy, 
still eager. 

"Do vou think you can do the 

"Well, you know what you can 
do with a bov if he can't, said Bill 

"We pay only $3 a week," ven- 
tured the man, just a little afraid of 
what Bill might say to that. 

"Would four strain the busi- 
ness?" inquired Bill. 

"No," smiled the man, "but $3 

a week is all we think a boy is 


"All right, call it three. I can 
just as easy do $4 worth, but if you 
only want three, three's what you'll 

The man coughed and hesitated 

a moment. 

"Of course, if you show you are 
worth $4, we will give it to you," 
he said. 

"All right again," said Bill. "But 
1 can't give you a $4 sample for 
longer than one week." 

The man scribbled awhile on a 

sheet of paper. 

"Very well," he said, "You come 
s round to-morrow morning and be- 


"What's the matter with begin- 
ning now? You may think I've 
got on my glad rags, and have to 
co home to change them, but I 
haven't. I'm ready right now." 

"Now suits me," said the man, 
and he called a foreman. He gave 
him some instructions about the 
boy, and Bill Brown went out with 
him, stepping high and his eyes 

When he had disappeared the 
man took the sign out of the win- 
dow and tore it up. Bill Brown 
had come to stav. 

W. J. Brown, Melita, was in the 
city recently and gave us a call. 
Mr. Brown is opening up in the 
implement business in Melita. 

His Chance for Revenge. 

"A nickel's worth of listerine? 
Yes, sir," said the druggist to the 
customer. "Can't I fix you up a 
bottle of our pepsonized cordial? 
You look a trifle dyspeptic to-day." 

"I guess not. Give me the lister- 
ine," said the customer. 

"In a minute. I notice you have 
a small cut on your hand. Shan't 
I wrap you up half a dollar's worth 
of court plaster?" 

"Not to-day." 

"Better try it. It's our own make 
and we guarantee it to stick." 

"But I don't want it." 

"I know. But you ought to have 

"I guess I know what I want. 
Got that listerine ready?" 

"In a minute. By the way, 
here's our new hair tonic. I notice 
you are losing your hair. Shall I 
fix you up with a bottle of it?" 

"Don't want any hair tonic." 

"You've got a cold sore on your 
lip. Won't you take a little liquid 
hydrastis along with you? Only 
35 cents." 

'Nope. Where's my listerine?" 

"Almost ready. You smoke, 
don't you? Shall I fix you up a 
box or two," 


"Well, you better try a bottle of 
our tobacco heart cure." 

"I wan't that listerine." 

"All right. But don't you want 
a dollar's worth of liquid glue, 

"I should say not." 

"Well how about some podophy- 
llin, or some cannabis indica, or 
some triturated tablets or some aqua 
pura, or some syrupus simplex, 
or " 

"Say I want that listerine. That's 
what I came here for. I don't 
wan't anything else. Do you think 
I've got time to hear you try to 
sell your whole blamed store. 
What I want is that—" 

"But you really ought to try a 
couple of glasses of our soda water. 
You look thirsty and — " 

"Say why the dickens are you 
fooling with me this way? Give 
me that listerine and let me get out 
of here." 

"All right, sir," said the drug- 
gist, handing him the bottle. "I 
just wanted to give you an idea of 
how I felt yesterday when you had 
me in your chair and I only felt 
wanted a shave, and you argued 
that I neded a hair cut, a singe, a 
shampoo, a facial massage, bay 
rum, hair tonic, pomade, brillian- 
tine, electric massage, and cream, 
perfume sprav, mustache curled, 
and all that. ' See?" 

And the barber, for it was indeed 
he, merely grasped his 5 cents' 
of listerine and hastened out. — 
Chicago Tribune. 

Subscribe for this paper, 3 years 
for one dollar. See front cover. 

January, 1905. 



Luck and Location. 

In the want department of this 
paper a few weeks ago, says The 
Hardware Trade, was- published 
an advertisement offering for sale 
a very complete money-making 
plant out in Washington. It in- 
cluded a bank, feed mill, and a mer- 
cantile business in which nearly 
all lines of merchandise were sold. 
The owner had to leave the climate 
because of poor health. He had 
started in business at that point 
with a few thousands of dollars and 
made money fast. The plant is 
just as good a profit as ever, but 
it takes capital to handle the deal. 

Even in these days when the 
northwest is no longer new, there 
are many instances of that kind. 
Men have located at just the right 
points and by turning their hands 
to whatever their hands found to 
do have piled up the profit. I know 
of an instance at St. John, N.D., 
the last town on a branch of the 
Great Northern road and near 
enough to the Canadian line to get 
the fish smell from across the bor- 
der. A French Canadian located 
there in the eighties, before the rail- 
road was built, and piled up money 
fast. After he had gathered about 
twenty-five thousand dollars around 
him he decided to go back to Mon- 
treal and take life easy. But 
Montreal did not satisfy him, and 
some years ago he returned to St. 
John. He made money just as fast 
as ever. He sold out recently at a 
good price and is free again from 
the worries of the store. 

Six years ago a young man 
started in business at a new town 
on the Soo line. The way the 
country developed put him in a 
good position for reaching a wide 
territory. He was a good collec- 
tor, took notes and security when 
he granted a line of credit, and the 
six years have brought splendid re- 

Such instances as these can be 
related until you would tire of lis- 
tening to them. They show that 
luck and location are a big thing. 
If you are not so favored you must 
fight that much harder. You 
might locate in a town which to- 
day looks good to be one of the 
big trading points of that particu- 
lar section of the country, and in 
a few years it has lost its best terri- 
tory and another town which a few 
years back gave little promise is 
forcing ahead. But after all is said 
and done, the fact remains that once 
we are in a location we must do 
like many others are doing, — make 
the best of it, and apply all of the 
arts of rcta'iilng to the conditions 
as wc find them. 

Open Accounts. 

The following good sensible ad- 
vice comes from The Store Mana- 
ger's Desk of the Hardware Trade 
and every line of it applies forcibly 
to the average implement dealer. 

total is too large, ask yourself why 
it is so. 

Were you afraid to ask any of 
those people for your money? 

If so, get over your modesty. 
You will prosper and be happier. 
You will have less to worry about 
at this time of year." 

MR. ARCHIE G. WATSON, Sec. W.W.I. & C. A. 

Hold it up as if it were a mirror 
and see if the reflection does not 
hit your case. 

"When you get the list of open 
acounts on paper and the balances 
due on each, take a long think. 

Have you done as good work on 
those accounts as you might have 
done ? 

With your pencil' point run down 
the list. 

The first four or five are familiar, 
are they ? You can remember how 
you combed them over several 
times, and the promises made you 
are still counting on. 

But how about that big amount 
opposite the sixth name on the list ? 
Did you neglect that? When Oct. 
1 came round, what had you done 
toward having that amount cut 
down ? 

Maybe you did not go after it as 
hard as you should. Maybe you 
thought it would come without 

All along the road towards the 
bottom of the page you can prob- 
ably find spots where you might, by 
a little industry, have made open 
accounts produce more money than 
they have. 

It is easy to say now what ought 
to have been done. Hindsight is 
always the best. But let us learn 
a lesson from this experience. 

The lesson is that any open ac- 

count needs watching. Sometimes 
the accounts which look as good as 
gold and seem like promptness it- 
self, will develop into slow pays if 
not watched. 

Then let us watch and let us al- 
ways pray that when Nov. I comes 
we will have the accounts in as good 
shape as close attention and good 
business sense can get them. 

Some of those good looking 
balances on which you "have been 
given good promises will grow 
moss before they are paid. Some 
of the accounts you have included 
among your assets will go dead on 
your hands. That is the story in 
many stores. It will be told in 
yours. When the obligation is 
fresh is the time to pursue it. 

The good collector is a necessity 
in any successful mercantile busi- 
ness. It is possible to collect money 
without making the customer mad. 
Are you built that way? 

It is also possible to run a busi- 
ness successfully if a customer does 
get mad now and then and goes 
to another store. 

He will come back again some 
day and be willing to do business 
your way. 

The man who is afraid to ask 
for what is justly his own when 
it is due will never be a success at 
anything. Tf that list of accounts 
is loncer than it should be and the 

What Will the Inventory Be ? 

Some good stories are told on 
how some merchants take inventory. 
Usually these merchants see them- 
selves getting rich faster than they 
had any good reason to expect. 
Later comes the surprise of an- 
other kind. 

An insurance man tells of a mer- 
chant who began business with a 
few hundred dollars and at the end 
of the fourth year was much grati- 
fied to learn that he was worth over 
five thousand. 

That would not be remarkable 
as that showing is frequently made 
by merchants who have the assets 
to support it. But this particular 
merchant had not. 

He took no inventory at all dur- 
ing the first three years, but at the 
end of the fourth year his son and 
the clerk decided to put the stock 
on inventory sheets and see what 
they had. 

They took that inventory like 
many sons of merchants and many 
clerks do. Everything was listed 
at cost price. The total showed 
nearly five thousand dollars. The 
rest of the resources were in book 
accounts and cash. 

Immediately the delighted mer- 
chant notified his insurance com- 
panies that he would need more in- 
surance. In a few months came a 
fire which scorched the stock, but 
left everything so that the adjuster 
could take an intelligent inventory. 

When the adjustor had finished 
he found that the inventory taken 
by the son and the clerk had swell- 
ed things about two thousand dol- 
lars. Much old stock had accumu- 
lated and the shrinkage was big. 
In addition to that the first inven- 
tory contained many mistakes in 

When the adjuster squeezed the 
water out of that inventory the 
flood swept away many of the old 
merchant's bright dreams. But he 
saw the point and took a' g"ood look 
at it. He "guessed" that he ought 
to have taken inventory before a d 
taken it himself. . 

This is one of many instances 
which the credit man in the average 
wholesale house meets every vear. 
Such merchants are doing: business 
on methods of forty years ago. It 
is not to be wondered at th-»* 
get tired of the business sooner or 
later. Neither is it surprising that 
the city mail order house finds rich 
picking in a community served by 
such merchants. 

This is inventory time for many 
merchants. Is your inventory to be 
a guess or an exact guide in calcu- 
lating the progress and the results 

of your business 
Hardware Trade. 

in 1904 r- 




January, 1905. 



And other 
"Flying Dutchman" 
Farm Tools. 


That kind of a LINE will get you the business. 



only one that 

the plow and 

levels the 
frame in one 

Best-Ever Foot- Lift Gang Plow. 

See that your Contract includes the 

Good-Enough Sulky Plow. 

9,000 of them sold in South America last year. WHY? Because they 
are the best Plows on earth for the money. 


Gang and 
Sulky Plows 

Are really 
Foot-lift Plows. 
" fine-haired 
mechanism to get 
out of order. 

See our full line of Plows, Mandt, Fish and Canadian Wagons, 
our splendid display of Vehicles, etc. , when attending the Bonspiel. Good-Enough Sulky Plow. 

Canadian Moline Plow Co. 

Market Square, Winnipeg, Man. 

January, 1905. 




The season of 1904, just closed, 
has in many ways heen a disap- 
pointing one to implement dealers 
in Alberta. 

To properly explain the complex 
situation one must needs review it 
from the very beginning. 

While trains are never snow- 
bound in this district, the unprece- 
dented abundance of snow last 
winter in Ontario, Quebec and 
the adjacent States caused un- 
fortunate delays in the delivery of 
raw material to the factories, thus 
postponing the time the finished 
machine was ready for shipment. 

These tardy shipments had to 
run the Eastern snow blockades of 
late winter and early spring so that 
in many cases seeding was over in 
Southern Alberta before the spring 
goods were on the ground. 

In Northern Alberta the goods 
were in time for the most part, but 
the farmers having had several bad 
bad years, were loath to increase 
their indebtedness and sales were 
light. Warned by the recent past, 
the dealers in Southern Alberta 
prepared for a good summer trade 
by stocking up heavily with hay- 
ing an harvesting machinery. But, 
alas, Fate ruled otherwise, and the 
district suffered from a severe 
drought so that the machines were 
left unsold. 

Very little hay was cut, spring 
grain, unless on summer fallowed 
land, was extremely light and the 
only reasonable crop was fall wheat 
which, however, had not been sown 
in large quantities. 

In Northern Alberta the farmers 
had very little, if any greater acre- 
age sown to crop than the year 
previous, and unfortunately sowed 
a great deal of frosted grain, and, 
as a consequence, crops were very 
light and the demand for machines 
correspondingly small. 

The Fall trade was an average 
one and the sleigh trade has been 
so far very good. 

On the whole the season of 1904 
saw a decreased drill and binder 
trade, an average mower, rake and 
plow trade and a slightly increased 
wagon and buggy trade. 

The season of 1905 has so far 
promised well, with a great deal of 
fall plowing done, and especially 
in Central and Southern Alber- 
ta, where most needed, and the best 
sample of seed grain is now avail- 
able for sowing in Northern Alber- 
ta that the farmers have had for 
many years. 

Collections have been poor in 
Southern Alberta and only fair in 
Northern Alberta. Many dealers 
report money tight. There are 
many signs that past due paper will 
be better cared for in the future 
than it has in the past. 

David Watson was in town re- 
cently, establishing an agency for 
the Balfour Implement Co. 

Mr. Anthony Grogan has taken 
the agency for C. Richardson Co., 
of St. Mary's. Already he has re- 
ceived considerable creamery sup- 
plies. He expects to handle the 
larger lines mainly. 

Massey-Harris Co., Ltd., have 
moved into their handsome two- 
story office building. Their offices 
are up to date in every way and 
considered the finest in Alberta. 

L. J. Ostrander, representing W. 
Johnston & Co., of Winnipeg, has 
just finished Alberta and reports 
sales 50 per cent better than last 

The Fairchild Co's. business for 
1904 was the greatest in «their his- 
tory in this district. 


The Union Bank of Canada has 
about completed its large brick 
building on the corner of Main and 
Hamilton streets. They expected 
to move in about Dec. but did not 
get in until January. 

The inaugural Bonspiel for the 
territories opened January 17th, and 
was a decided success. Thirty- 
four visiting rinks took part, with 
nine representing Regina. The 
new skating rink which was built 
and opened in the fall was given up 
entirely for the sport. 

The Massey-Harris Company are 
now occupying their new office on 
South Railway St. Mr. E. Mead- 
ows, who has been their local ag- 
ent for some time is not with them 
any longer. He contemplates tak- 
ing up some other line on his own 
account. The local business of the 
Massey-Harris Co. will be looked 
after by Mr. John Manson at the 
Company's show room. Mr. Man- 
son is well and favorably known, 
as he has been in the employ of the 
Company for a number of years. 

Hockey appears to be the sport 
this winter. With a fine new rink 
to play in the boys are putting in 
good work and should give a good 
account of themselves before the 
season is over. 

The implement firms are getting 
in their machines for spring trade. 
We have had excellent weather 
during the last three months and 
just enough snow to make good 
sleighing. The dealers report a 
fairly good business done in sleighs 
and cutters and they are. now 
looking forwards to a good busi- 
ness in the spring. They report 
collections during the fall to have 
been fairly good, but not quite as 
good during January. 

We will soon be enjoying one of 
the luxuries of this Western coun- 
try by having a first-class water 
supply. The City succeeded in 
getting sufficient pipes laid during 
the summer and fall to enable them 
to turn on the water, and on the 
second of January, New Year's 
Day, the ceremony took place with 
the usual formalities of speech 
making and band playing. 






HEAVIEST, Strongest, and Most Durable Pulverizer MADE 



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78-, 102-. and 150-tooth 



Made in Four Sizes — 
3-, 4-, 5-. 6-Seetions— 
20 teeth to the section. 



January, 1905. 

Why Implement Dealers Should 
Handle Cream Separators. 

Up to a year or two ago the hand 
cream separator was not handled 
extensively by implement dealers 
tor reasons not generally under- 
stood. One of these reasons may 
be defined in this way, i.e., the 
separator having been considered 
only a housewife's utensil, imple- 
ment dealers, therefore, left it to 
farmer agents and general store 
keepers to trade with the women 
folks who live and work on the 
farm. This meant the placing of the 
cream separator on the same basis 
as a clothes wringer or a sewing 
machine. The hand cream separ- 
ator is an implement used only on 
the farm and is indispensable on 
any farm where three or more 
cows are kept. The selling of the 
separator is fast falling into 
the hands of the implement 
trade throughout the United States 
and Canada, which is as it should 
be. because it is a farm implement 
and should be sold by farm imple- 
ment dealers. The implement 
dealer, as a rule, canvasses the far- 
mers of his district and that is what 
is required to be successful in sel- 
ling. The implement dealer has the 
best means of displaying the sep- 
arators alongside of his other im- 
plements, consequently he has the 
best chance to make sales both at 
his place of business and while he 
is on the road canvassing. He has 
the machine set up in his ware- 
house for the prospective buyers' 
inspection, and he has the article 
on his list when he is canvassing 10 
sell his general stock in trade. 
This time of the year, and up to the 
month of July, is the best time for 
disposing of and taking orders for 
cream separators. At this special 
time of the year there is little else 
doing in the implement trade and 
a lot of work can be done right now 
in taking orders for present deliv- 
ery and prospecting for later dates. 
This would fill in the time of the 
employees canvassing the district 
and would keep the office chairs 
from getting too warm. This can- 
vassing can be combined with col- 
lection work also. While the deal- 
er is canvassing for cream separa- 
tor sales he will run across a lot 
of other good business. He will 
learn that some one wants a binder, 
mower, plow or some article of 
farm machinery and he will stand 
the best chance of supplying that 
article with a profit that would 
otherwise be slow in coming. That 
the implement dealers are becoming 
alive to the fact that the cream 
separator should be a part of their 
stock in trade is shown by so many 
large implement manufacturers tak- 
ing up a cream separator, either 
lniving direct from a cream separa- 
tor manufacturer or making one for 
themselves. Not much more than 
a year ago, one large farm imple- 
ment manufacturer bought and 
took delivery of forty car loads of 
cream separators from the manu- 

facturer. These were all sold 
during the year 1904, passing 
through the local implement deal- 
ers' hands. Shortly after that, 
other large sales were reported as 
having been made to other imple- 
ment manufacturers. This present 
year a greater number of large 
firms have taken up separators than 
ever before. The implement dealer 
should carry all lines to be pre- 
pared to meet every demand and 
the cream separator can be carried 
with advantage. Very often it will 
help to sell some other class of 
goods. In this country the demand 
for separators is constantly increas- 
ing. This is a dairy country and 
will continue to grow along this 
line from year to year. It does not 
require an expert knowledge of 
cream separators to sell them. The 
only thing necesary is to know why 
a cream separator separates, and 
the proper adjustment of the mach- 
ine. The instruction books which 
go with each machine contain about 
all that is necessary to put the 
operator "separator-wise." 

This country is by no means 
filled with cream separators, in fact, 
taken as a whole, there is not a very 
large number compared with the 
number of farmers who milk cows. 

At least a few cows are kept 
by each individual farmer and 
where that is the case cream separa- 
tors can be sold. About the surest 
way to sell is to place the separa- 
tor with the farmer for a few days 
trial, and that almost means the 
sale is made. The country is fast 
filling up with new settlers who will 
now, or in the future, want cream 
separators so that trade will con- 
tinue to increase. There are farm- 
ers wanting them now, who did not 
a few years ago think of buying be- 
cause they kad not a large herd of 
milkers and it was not considered 
worth while getting a separator un- 
less at least ten cows were kept. 
Now all that is changed, partly be- 
cause there are smaller sized mach- 
ines being made than was the case 
a few years ago, and again, farmers 
are finding out the advantage of 
using modern machinery in dairy 
work. The hand cream separator 
as a farm implement is just as in- 
dispensable as any other in use on 
the farm. It can be worked twice 
a day every day in the year and 
pays a profit every time it is oper- 
ated. A properly constructed sep- 
arator will last for many years and 
will pay for itself in less than two 
years, if it is used every day during 
the milking season. In many in- 
stances they have paid for them- 
selves in less time. 

The implement dealers having 
already their selling staff organ- 
ixed and being in a position to 
know the general standing of the 
farmers financially in their district, 
ought to be in a position to com- 
pete successfully with separator 
firms who have to organize a staff 
for the sale of separators alone. 
The number of separator firms 
handling separators only, proves 
conclusively that there is a good 

profit in the business. The profits 
to the local dealer vary according 
to the terms on which he handles 
them. If he does a straight com- 
mission business his profits will not 
be so large as if he purchased the 
goods outright from the wholesale 
dealer. In any event the profits 
are fully as good as upon other 
implements, if not better. The pro- 

fits range all the way from fifteen 
to thirty per cent, according to 
terms and that should be satisfac- 
tory to the local dealers. As the 
departmental stores cater to every 
demand, so sooner or later, the im- 
plement dealer will realize that he 
is catering to an ever increasing 
demand when he handles a good 
cream separator. 









Mr. Dealer 


E are now making contracts for the season's 
output of 


If our machine is not represented in your district 
write us at once. 

Remember, we stock Galvanized Iron Double- 
Cylinder Pumps, Wood Pumps, Wheelbarrows, Rub- 
ber Belting, Hose. Let us know your requirements. 






THE: fr HG G"L itsfE. 








January, 1905. 



The Durability of Pigments and 

Reading the trade journals and 
magazines, and the accounts of mas- 
ter painters' conventions, gives one 
the impression that the white lead, 
paint, and pigments generally used 
in the present day are not as dur- 
able as those formerly used, says a 
writer in the Decorators' Gazett;. 
A few years ago, at a painters' con- 
vention, a paper was read entitled, 
"What is the matter with our white 
lead of to-day?" The burden of 
this paper was that the white lead 
is not as durable as it was fifteen or 
twenty years ago. The agitation 
that was set on foot has been with- 
out any tangible results. 

Many writers in the trade jour- 
nals, especially those of America, 
complain of the colors and paints 
now sold not being as permanent 
as they were formerly. 

Some of the speakers at conven- 
tions, and writers to magazines have 
not hesitated to put down the cause 
of this apparent deterioration in the 
quality of white lead and paints and 
colors in general to the greed of 
the dealers and manufacturers. 
Sweeping accusations, without rea- 
son, are unjust and uncalled for, 
and every fair-minded person will 
avoid them. It is not to be sup- 
posed that the practical painter of 
to-day is less intelligent and less 
studious than were his predeces- 
sors ; on the contrary, he has much 
opportunities to become technical as 
well as practical in his calling 
through the assistance rendered by 
the master painters' associations 
and the technical schools. 

There are very few master paint- 
ers to-day who have not taught 
how to test their paint materials — 
pigments as well as oils, turpentine, 
etc. — for purity and other qualities 
necessary to make a good, durable 
paint. If there are any who have 
not availed themselves of the oppor- 
tunity of acquiring this information 
it is their own fault, and they have 
no reason to complain. 

It is idle to say that the manu- 
facturers are not making white 
lead, paints or colors as good as 
they were made ten, twenty, or for- 
ty years ago; in fact, if anything, 
they have with very few excep- 
tions steadily raised the standard 
of their goods so that now perfectly 
pure goods can be obtained at fair 
prices from reputable manufactur- 
ers. Some goods are certainly a 
great improvement over those pre- 
pared by the painters themselves, 1 
fifty years or more ago. That 
painted surfaces to-day are not so ' 
durable as they were formerly can- j 
not be denied ; but what are the j 
causes for this deterioration? The 
unthinking will reply that on ac- 
count of the competition in the 
manufacture, the prices are cut and 
the maker of paint is compelled to 
lower the standard of the goods. 
The broad assertion is made that the 
pigments as well as the vehicles 
are adulterated, or that the process 



Bissell's Disk Harrows 

Have time and again doubled the work in 
field competition with all others, and done it 
with less horse power. Farmers know this, 
and are quick to learn the difference. For 
severe work on hard land or in tough places 
the Bissell Disk hasa j^reat record of "getting 
there." In construction it is simple, com- 
pact, strong— with essential parts all in the 
right relation and proportions, giving it a 
and BETTER WORK than any other. If 
interested, send us your address for particu- 

Manufactured by T. E. BISSELL, 
Dept. I, ELORA, ONT. 

JOS. MAW & CO. - Winnipeg. 

Representatives for Manitoba a. N.W.T. 



of manufacture is so hastened as to 
injure the quality of the goods. 
That there is some abominable trash 
sold for paint there is on question 
in the mind of the writer, but why 
should a painter purchase such 
goods with his eyes open? This 
discriminating painter will let them 
severely alone. 

One of the causes of the less 
durability of paints, especially in 
the large towns, is to be found in 
the atmospheric changes in them 
to what existed years ago, and the 
consequent differences in the action 
on paint. 

Fifty years ago there were com- 
paratively few railroads, few fac- 
tories, and very little coal was burn- 
ed as compared with the present 
day ; gas was not much in use. In- 
dustries in which these destroying 
agents of paint are used have de- 
veloped within the last thirty years 
to an enormous extent ; but this 
change has not been noticed, except 
by very few people, for the advance 
of the destroyer was, gradual. 

In order to search for the causes 
of the perishing of painted surfaces 
the potent factors which are at work 
to bring about such a result have 
to be looked for. The atmosphere 
consists of oxygen, carbonic acid, 
water nitrogen, with, in towns, 
other agents. That linseed oil is 
dried or solidified by oxidation, i.e., 
that it dries by absorbing oxygen, 
has been proved by eminent author- 
ities. In every good oil paint, lin- 
seed oil is used as a binder and car- 
rier for the pigment. The oil is 
suposed to cement the particles of 
pigment or coloring matter together 
and make them adhere to the sur- 
face to which it is applied. 

Many have an idea that this 
forms a chemical combination, but 
it does not ; it is a mechanical mix- 
ture only. There are some pigments 
which have a greater affinity for lin- 
seed oil, but none of them enter 
into a chemical combination with 
it, not even during the drying pro- 
cess. This goes to show that the 
disintegrating factors of the atmos- 
phere, *which will attack the dry 
pigments of colors, and powerful 
enough to destroy paint after the oil 
has become hard and solidified. 

There being no chemical combin- 
ation between pigment and vehicle, 

it is but reasonable to assert that 
linseed oil or any other vehicle can- 
not save the pigments from being 
destroyed, and this is proved in 
numerous instances where white 
lead paint is attacked by local influ- 
ences, most noticeable were exposed 
sulphurous gases. To demonstrate 
this, some very dilute nitric acid 
may be poured into a dish which 
has been coated on the inside with 
white lead paint ; effervescence will 
be observed, which is produced by 
the acid destroying the white lead, 
in spite of the solidified oil binder, 
the liberating gaseous carbonic acid. 
Any painter who has ever tested 
dry white lead for purity with nit- 
ric acid will have noticed a similar 
effect. . There are many factors 
which cause paint to perish, and it 
is not to be supposed that the binder 
must perish first in all cases, but it 
is a well-ascertained fact that very 
often the pigment itself is destroy- 
ed before the vehicle. To the prac- 
tical observer there should be no 
difficulty in determining the mater- 
ial which succumbs to the destroy- 
ing influences. It is well known 
that no oil paint is durable when 
applied to damp surfaces, and that 
it will not adhere or stand when 
used over a ground of coal tar asp- 
halt, or like substances. 

Oil paint or colors will quickly 
peel, scale, or otherwise perish in 
stables, on freshly plastered walls, 
cemented floors, and on all surfaces 
containing alkalies ; in fact, under 
all conditions where linseed oil has 
an opportunity to become saponi- 
fied by the action of alkalies'. This 
is most notably the case in painting 
plastered walls or cemented surfaces 
which have not been allowed to dry 
thoroughly or where the caustic 
lime has not become changed 
through the influences of air to 
harmless carbonate of lime. 

No matter how often painters 
have been warned of the evil con- 
sequences of doing this, they will 
do it. being urged thereto by the 
importunities of builders, landlords 
and others, who want to hasten the 
finishing of a building, and after- 
wards, when the result is complain- 
ed of, they have thoughtlessly look- 
ed for trouble in the material in- 
stead of the conditions under which 
it was applied. 

Plaster and cement can be regard- 
I ed as an intimate mixture of burn- 
ed clay, caustic lime and sand. 
When mixed with water the lime 
J becomes slaked, and partly goes into 
j combination with the clay, this com- 
bination consisting of silica, lime, 
alumina and water, which is chemi- 
cally neutral, and cannot produce 
saponification of the oil. But the 
free lime can do so. 

Cement and plaster, as a rule, 
contain free caustic lime which does 
not go into combination, and this 
is what saponifies the oil ; therefore 
it is far more safe to wait until the 
surface has absorbed plenty of air 
and the free caustic lime has been 
changed to carbonate of lime or 
whiting by the action of the car- 
bonic acid of the air. Should it be 
I necessary, however, to hasten the 
I conditions for safe painting, the 
surface may be coated with dilute 
sulphuric acid and afterwards wash- 
ed with water. This changes the 
caustic lime to sulphate of lime 
11 ). which is harmless, and 
the sulphuric acid does not affect 
the cement or plaster. 

In the perishing of paint where 
the oil is not the material attacked 
w e have to look to the nature of the 

The pigments are generally clas- 
sed as mineral and organic, and 
termed permanent, fugitive and 
changeable. It is most certain that 
all colors or pigments which will 
perish or change through the influ- 
ence of atmosphere and strong light 
in their dry state will be affected 
more or less when ground in oil 
and applied to exposed surfaces. 

So far as the natural composi- 
tion of our atmosphere is concerned 
there are only a few pigments (and 
these of organic origin) affected by 
it, and none but local influences 
need be dreaded. 

White lead, for instance, is affect- 
ed by sulphur gases in so far only 
as it will rapidly discolor, otherwise 
it will not suffer as quickly as some 
other pigments on account of its 
great affinity for oil, its density and 

Zinc white, under the same con- 
ditions, is not prone to suffer from 
/discoloration, but unless in com- 
bination with pure white lead it is 
not suitable for exterior work. 



January, 1905. 

Paints containing oxide of. iron, 
such as mineral brown or Venetian 
red, will often give very good re- 
sults for durability in favored local- 
ities, on iron work of store fronts, 
on bridges, etc., where there is com- 
paratively pure atmosphere, but in 
numerous instances where the re- 
verse is the case, the gloss has per- 
ished in a few weeks, the paint 
looking dry and the color changed. 
The coating was soft and easily 
removed. In these case the trouble 
appears to have been caused by the 
perishing of the oil from the attack 
of sulphurous acid gases present in 
the atmosphere, and of saline vap- 

In such cases it is for the painter 
to select such a medium or combina- 
tion of mediums for his paint as will 
give a practically impervious coat- 
ing to the surface, so that these 
gases with meet with greater resist- 
ance than there is in linseed oil 

As stated at the beginning of this 
article, the painters of the good 
olden times were more favored than 
their successors of the present, in 
so far as they had not so many at- 
mospheric complications to face as 
there are to-day". There are the rail- 
roads, factories and industries of all 
kinds, using millions upon millions 
of tons of bituminous coal, often 
containing much sulphur, the mani- 
fold industries using chemicals, etc., 
all of which assist to render our 
atmosphere impure. 

The burning of soft coal which 
contains sulphur pyrites, in no mat- 
er how small proportions, produces 
sulphurous acid, and this, finding 
its way through the myriads of 
smoke stacks and chimneys, uniting 
with the snow or even dew or mist, 
forms sulphuric acid, an agency 
which in time destroys any paint 
having linseed oil for its sole bind- 

Therefore it is necessary that the 
practical painter of to-day not only 
make a study of the paint pigments 
and mediums, but also of local con- 
ditions to which painted surfaces 
will be exposed. The sooner this is 
recognized by the profession the 
better for all concerned. 

In conclusion the writer would 
say that very often more is expect- 
ed than is warranted by the nature 
of things. No one can expect a 
painter's work to be imperishable. 
The laws of nature decree that 
every substance, should have its 
enemy, its destroyer. We have 
noticed lately that even the beautiful 
enameled bricks used in some parts 
of our public buildings are not last- 
ing, for the frosts of the past win- 
ters have caused the glaze to come 
off most of them, and if such mater- 
ial does not withstand the elements 
what can be expected of the mater- 
ial which the painter has at his 
command ? 



1 100 

Mr. G. E. Briggs, of the Water- 
loo Threshing Machine Co., Water- 
Iowa, was in Winnipeg this 
month and placed samples of their 
new Dump Wagon with the coal 
dealers and the City, and also made 
arrangements by which their Sweep 
ilay Rakes and automatic Stackers 
will be handled from this point. 

Mr. John Kelly, of Messrs. Kelly 
& Beals, Edmonton, was in the city 
for a week contracting for this sea- 
son's trade. Mr. Kelly speaks of 
Edmonton's future in a most, en- 
thusiastic way. He, however, like 
several others does not believe that 
the running- through Edmonton of 
the G.T.P. Railway^ thereby chang- 
ing Edmonton from a terminal 
point to a divisional point will im- 
prove the retail trade, then too, the 
small places springing up along the 
new lines will get their quota of the 
trade. He, however, belives that 
Edmonton is destined to be a 
wholesale centre. 

A Black Paint for Iron 

Mr. D. B. McLeod, general agent 
of the Northwest Threshing; Mach- 
ine Co., of Stillwater. Minn., has 
gone to the factory for a few days. 

A good cheap black paint for 
iron work is prepared as follows : 
Solid wood tar, 10 pounds ; lamp- 
black or mineral black, if pounds; 
oil of turpentine, 5^ quarts. The 
tar is first heated in a large iron 
pot to boiling, or nearly so, and 
the heat is continued for about four 
hours. The pot is then removed 
from fire out of doors, and while 
still warm, not hot, the turpentine 
mixed with the black is stirred in. 
If the varnish is too thick to dry 
quickly, add more turpentine. Ben- 
zine can be used instead of tur- 
pentine, but the results are not so 
good. Asphaltum is preferable to 
the cheap tar. — Ex. 

Among the many fine calendars 
we have already been favored with, 
that of Deere & Co., Moline, 111., is 
one that will attract attention any- 
where. It has a relief design of 
John Deere, inventor of the Steel 
Plow, also a relief of the first plow 
made by John Deere and a sample 
modern plow as turned out from 
this factory at present. 

The Ontario Wind Engine and 
Pump Company are sending out a 
new hanger for 1905. It shows 
samples of their well-known line of 
wood and iron pumps, wood saws, 
field grinders, aeromotors, and a 
large cut of The Toronto Wind 
Engine in the centre. A nice calen- 
dar and the statement that they are 
selling agents for the Empire 
Cream Separators completes the 

The International Harvester Co. 
have favored us with copies of their 
Deering and Champion calendars 
for 1905. The Deering shows 
traffic and manufacturing under the 
British flag, while the Champion 
has a very attractive Poke Bonnet 
study. These calendars are to be 
be had for the asking from any of 
their many^branch houses or from 
the local agent handling their 

A Chance for Canadian Goods 

The Department of Agriculture 
at Ottawa is in receipt of a letter 
from a gentleman residing in a 
large commercial centre in Colom- 
bia, in which he says that the people 
there are anxious to establish trade 
relations with Canada, and that of 
late the writer had been asked sev- 
eral times for the names of Cana- 
dian firms who could supply com- 
modities and manufacturers in com- 
petition with the United States. 

Among other things, Colombia pur- 
chases flour, kerosene, sewing mac- 
hines, canned goods, soda biscuits, 
and furniture in the United States. 
The gentleman adds that at present 
there is a great opportunity to get 
this trade, if Canadian exporters 
so desire. It is further intimated 
that there is a feeling in Columbia 
against trading with the United 
States.— M. J. Burke, Consul, St. 
Thomas, Ontario, Canada, October, 

I9 ° 4 ' - 

Canada Cycle Agencies] 

To supply the popular demand 
the automobile that is needed is the 
cheap runabout. For this reason 
one of the features of next season 
will probably be the Pope-Tribune 
car which will be introduced in 
Canada by the Canada Cycle & 
Motor Co., Toronto. This is a 
neat little car, with good lines, and 
tried powers of endurance with en- 
gine on the front and easily acces- 
sible, selling at the low price of 
$600. The Canada Cycle & Motor 
Co., will also sell for the first time 
in Canada, the three other cars of 
the Pope Mfg. Co., viz., Pope-To- 
ledo. Pope-Waverley and Pope- 
Hartford. This company has also 
renewed its agencies for the follow- 
ing cars which it held last year. 
"Autocar," "Packard," "Peerless/' 
"Thomas," "Ford," and Stevens- 

[Foreign Shipments. 

The International Harvester 
Company have contracted with the 
Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railroad 
for shipments of from 600 to 1,000 
carloads of implements destined to 
foreign countries during the present 
year. Shipments will go from 
Chicago to New Orleans and thence 
by the gulf route. 


We Handle a 
complete Line of 





Stewart -Nelson 
Company, Limited 

Cor. Nena and Logan Sts. 

I paris disc harrow, 12 to 20 inch. Winnipeg - Canada 

January, 1905. 



Brandon Binder Twine Co 

The annual meeting of the share- 
holders of the Brandon Binder 
Twine company was held January 
26th, and a full and detailed report 
of the condition of the company 
was laid before the assemblage by 
the president, Prof. Wolverton. 
Some of the members wished to sell 
the concern, but the majority were 
against that course. A good deal 
of discusion was indulged in, and 
it was finally decided not to dispose 
of the property and plant, but to 
try and make arrangements to con- 
tinue the work. A resolution was 
unanimously carried that in com- 
pany with other twine manufactur- 
ers, the Dominion Government be 
petitioned to place a bounty of 2 
cents a pound on all twine manufac- 
tured in Canada, in order that Cana- 
dian manufacturers could compete 
against the great United States 
combines, which were flooding this 
market with their surplus stock. It 
was thought that arrangements 
could be made with the bank to 
carry the present indebtedness of 
the company until it would be 
known whether the Dominion gov- 
ernment would accede to their re- 
quest. Should they do so, it was 
thought that ample capital would be 
forthcoming to run the concern 

The election of officers resulted 
in the return of all the previous 
officers and board, with the excep- 
tion of one resignation. 

Cossitt Go. Forging Ahead 

The Cossitt Co., Limited, of 
Brockville, Ont, manufacturers of 
harvesting machinery, report busi- 
ness for 1904 far beyond their ex- 
pectations. They were late in get- 
ting their new plant finished, but 
managed to catch the trade in all 
their lines. They now have one of 
the most up-to-date plants in the 
country. Last year they introduced 
three new machines : Their hay 
loader was a complete success, the 
entire output being sold early in 
the season, while they had to refuse 
a large number or orders. They 
are now starting to build a large 
number for the sason, 1905. 

The new side delivery rake they 
placed on the market, gave the same 
results as the hay 1 loader. This 
rake also acts as a tedder, and goes 
very well with the hay loader, as 
it leaves the hay in excellent shape 
to handle. 

They also introduced a new steel 
rake, eight, nine and ten foot 
lengths pronounced by all who have 
ever seen or used them, to be onej 
of the most up-to-date on the mar 
ket to-day. 

This company are doing most of I" 
of their business on the cash basis, 
selling direct to dealers, which they 
find a great success. Our readers 
will be pleased to know of their 
prosperity and no doubt will keep 
this concern in mind when making 
their contracts. — The Canadian & 
Vehicle Trade. 

A Good Opening in Quebec 

The U. S. Consul in Quebec, in 
answer to an inquiry from an Amer- 
ican interested in automobiles who 
wishes to know the prospect 
of making sales of American auto- 
mobiles and motor boats there re- 
plies : — "I have seen, as yet, only 
four automobiles in this city of 
70,000 inhabitants. There must be 
a market for a great many more. 
If the motor for boats is any im- 
provement on the present gasoline 
motors, I am sure there must be 
an opening for the sale of a great 
many of them among the large 
number of fishermen who have 
fishing rights on the numerous lakes 
and rivers in this vicinity. If some 
manufacturer would come here and 
attach his motor on a boat and de- 


Our readers will notice in thi.-s, 
our first issue, (and we hope many 
issues after this), numerous clip- 
pings from The Farm Implement 
News, of Chicago, Farm Imple- 
ments, of Minneapolis ; The Imple- 
ment Trade Journal, of Kansas 
City; The Implement Age, of Phil- 
adelphia; The Hardware Trade, of 
Minneapolis ; and many others to 
whom we are indebted, and we shall 
aim to make our paper of interest 
to the trade here the same as our 
contemporaries are to the dealers of 
the States. 

Empire Cream Separator Co. of 

The Empire Cream Separator Co. 
of Canada has been incorporated, 
to take over the Canadian business 
of the Empire Cream Separator 
Co. of Bloomfield, N.J., one of the 
largest hand separator manufactur- 
ing concerns in existence. The step 
has been considered advisable in 
view of the growing sale and de- 
mand for Empire separators in this 
country. The headquarters of the 
new company are in Toronto and 
the managing director is Mr. H. C. 
Sparling who formerly managed the 
Canadian end of tht business and is 
well and popularity known to the 
trade generally. It is the purpose 
of the company eventually to manu- 
facture cream separators in Canada. 
■ One of the first moves of the new 
company has been to make arrange- 
ments with the Maritime Dairy Co., 
of Sussex, N.B., the largest cream- 
ery company in New Brunswick, to 
handles its line in the southern part 
of that province. — The Canadian 
Implement & Vehicle Trade. 

Studebaker Plant to be Enlarged 

The Studebaker Bros. Manufac- 
turing Company, South Bend, Ind., 
are preparing to erect a large addi- 
tion to their plant to be devoted to 
the manufacture of automobiles. 
The structure will be five stories, 
300 x 200, and will cost $175,000. 


anadian Farmers and Canadian Dealers 

not only appreciate a good 
thing but they know a good 
thing as well. That is how it comes that several times as many JOHN DEERE PLOW'S (the highest 
grade steel plows made in America, or anywhere else) are sold to Canadian farmers by Canadian dealers as 
of any other high-grade steel plows of any other manufacture. The duty cuts no figure when a man wants 
the best and is willing to pay for it. 

Walking Plows for all purposes ; Riding Plows, single and in gangs, for horse 
and steam power ; Disk Plows, single and in gangs, for horse or steam power. 

For Sale by the Best Dealers in Canada. 
Manufactured by 

DEERE & CO. Moline, 111., U.S.A. 
THE FAIRCHILD CO.,1 Ltd., WINNIPEG, General Agents for Western Canada. 



January, 1905. 

Farm Machinery as a Factor in 
American Agriculture. 

We give below an abstract of a 
very instructive paper read by Prof. 
Zintheo before the American Soci- 
ety for the Advancement of Science 
at their meeting in Philadelphia a 
month ago. This paper contains a 
great many facts that illustrate the 
dependence of agriculture upon the 
use of improved machinery. There 
are few men in America better 
qualified than Prof. Zintheo to talk 
authoritatively upon this subject, as 
he has charge of the teaching in 
the somewhat important division of 
Farm Mechanics at the Iowa State 
College, and has likewise had a 
very wide experience in the way of 
representing in foreign countries 
the interests of the largest harvest- 
ing machinery companies in the 
United States. He says : — 

Farm machinery has made it pos- 
sible to develop the vast agricul- 
tural resources of the country. 
During the first two hundred years 
after the Pilgrim Fathers settled 
on the American shores the resour- 
ces of the country failed to bring 
about any increase of importance 
in commerce or in the products of 
agriculture. As late as 1845 the 
people did not raise enough wheat 
for their bread. 

With the advent of the steel plow, 
the self-binding harvester, and the 
steam threshing machine, there was 
a marked change in the producing 
power of the American people. 
Our food supply increased from 
4.33 bushels of wheat per person 
in 1845 to 5.50 bushels in 1859; t° 
7.45 bus. in 1869, and as high as 
10 bushels in 1889. During the 
same time the population on the 
farms had decreased to 80% in 

1850 and to 33% in 1900. The 
American farmers of to-day, with 
one third the labor of the country, 
produce enough food to support 
not only themselves, but the other 
67% that live in the cities, and ex- 
port farm products during the year 
1904 to the value of the enormous 
sum of $960,000,000, according to 
the United States Secretary of 
Agriculture's report. 

This same report states that in 
1830 it took over three hours' labor 
to raise one bushel of wheat ; in 
1896 it took ten minutes. In 1830 
the labor necessary to the produc- 
tion of one bushel of wheat cost 
I7# cents; in 1896 it cost three and 
one half cents. In 1850 the labor 
represented in a bushel of corn was 
four and one half hours, while in 
1894 it had been reduced to 41 min- 
utes. (This has been greatly reduced 
since then by the introduction of 
the more modern corn harvesting 
machines.) In i860 it is estimated 
that the labor in one ton of hay in 
bales represented 35^ hours, while 
in 1894 this labor was reduced to 
11^ hours or from a cost of $3.00 
in labor to $1.29 in labor. The 
report estimates that in the year 
1899 the agricultural implements 
in the United States saved in 
human labor the sum of $681,471,- 

This country is the greatest 
maker and user of agricultural im- 
plements in the world, and this is 
largely due to the fact that this 
country is the most prosperous ag- 
ricultural country in the world. It 
has enabled the farmer to pay the 
high price for labor caused by the 
competition of our manufacturers, 
and has taken away from farm life 
much of the drudgery and manual 
labor and made it in the best sense 
an intellectual pursuit. Improve- 
ments in machinery have brought 
about a steady decrease in the cost 
of production, notwithstanding the 
steady rise in wages. 

To give an idea of the vast sums 

391 Main St. 



East, West South 

Including OCEAN TICKETS to 


Pullman Sleepers. 

All Equipment First-Class. 

For Reservation of Berths and Tickets, apply to 

R. CREELMAN, Ticket Agent 1 391 MAIN ST., WINNIPEG. § 
H. SWINFORD, General Agent 1 Phone 1446. X 

of money invested in farm machin- 
ery, take for instance the following 
States: Iowa has $87,960,000 in- 
vested ; New York, $56,006,000 ; 
Pensylvania, $50,917,240; Illinois, 
S44.9/7.310 and Ohio, $36,354,450. 
The total value of implements on 
farms in this country is $761,261,- 
000. American farmers buy an- 
nually $100,000,000 of farm imple- 
ments. New designs of farm mach- 
inery are being constantly added so 
that farm machinery is surely the 
greatest factor in the development 
of American agriculture. 

C P R Improvements 

In the C.P.R. estimates for the 
coming year, which have just been 
passed at Montreal, one of the pro- 
visions is for the laying of standard 
rails on all sections of the main 
line, which are not so equipped at 
the present time. This work was 
begun last season on the western 
lines and was pushed with consid- 
erable vigor by G. J. Bury, general 
superintendent of the central divis- 
ion. The result is that there are 
but few sections of the line between 
Fort William and Broadview 
which are not so equipped, 80- 
pound rails having been laid as far 
west as Brandon. At a few points 
on the Broadview, Moose Jaw and 

Swift Current sections there are 
stretches where line divergence 
work is in progress, and where 
the heavier rail will be laid as 
soon as the grade is ready. 

During the past season 830.55 
miles of heavy steel was laid on 
the central division. Of this, 
27s. 25 miles were the 80-pound 
rail, 203.00 the 73-pound rail and 
352.25 the 72-pound rail.The com- 
pletion of so large a portion of the 
central division last year means that 
the western division will receive 
the greater portion of the heavy 
steel this year. There is consider- 
able grade reduction and curve 
easement work planned for the div- 
ision, together with some diver- 
gence of the old line. When com- 
pleted the improvements will ren- 
der a faster service possible from 
I coast tc coast. 

If the report is correct, that the 
C.P.R. is negotiating for the pur- 
chase of 60,000 tons of English 
rails, for delivery this season, it 
means that with this amount of 80- 
pound steel there will be a little 
I over 475 miles of it. The double 
tracking between Fort William and 
Wininpeg will require about 425 
miles of heavy steel and in addi- 
tion there will be a quantity need- 
ed for sidings and similar purposes. 
There seems to be little doubt in 
official circles but that the contract 
for this work will go to Foley Bros., 
as stated in the Free Press some 
weeks ago. 

Patent Heel 


Worn Out 
Drill Shoes 

They will fit any make of Shoe Drill. 

They are made of extra steel and will polish and keep 
clean in all kinds of soil. 

The price is low (about half the cost of new shoes) and it 
is not necessary to take the drill or any part of it to a black- 
smith or machine shop, as the heel can be put on by any per- 
son — it slips over the old shoe and fastens" with one bolt at 
the top. 

Saves Time and Money 

Patented in Canada and the U. S. 

Manufactured only by the.. 

Winnipeg Brandon Regina Calgary 

January, 1905. 



gmmmmmmmm mm mm mmrnx 

%- THE % 

1 Fairchild Co. L td : 1 


that the burning in part of the 
Canada Carriage Company's 
plant at Brockville early this 
month will not affect them very 
much, as the bulk of finished 
goods as well as a large quantity 
of material and four large build- _2» 
ings were saved intact, and they* are now running — ^ 
full force. — ^ 

Forty cars of buggies for 1905 trade are now in — ^ 
store in our Winnipeg warehouse, and all orders 
will be shipped promptly. 


Deere Plows 
Moline Wagons 
Fairchild Wagons 
Monitor Drills 
Disk and Drag Harrows % 
Pulverizers, Etc. 


Are being unloaded at our track X 
warehouse at the rate of 5 cars ^ 
daily, and outgoing shipments J 
are being made daily therefrom. 2 

♦ ♦ 

Nothing better than the above lines to secure the volume. 

Get in the procession and secure agency. 

Visitors to Bonspiel 

Are invited to make our sample room their headquarters. 





January, 1905 

A Representative Winnipeg House 

Twenty years ago there was but 
few Wind Engines or Wind Mills 
as they are more commonly term- 
ed in Canada, and especially in the 
Manitoba country. 

Ten years ago a company was 
chartered in Ontario to build wind 
engines, they bought out an estab- 
lished pump plant and since that 
time the business has enlarged and 
grown and expanded until to-day 
the factory of The Ontario Wind 
Engine and Pump Co. at Toronto, 
sends its products to every part of 
the British Empire and several 
foreign countries. 

With the great development of 
the agricultural and railroad inter- 
ests of the Northwest, came an in- 
creasing demand for their machin- 
ery from this territory, so in order 
to the better serve the interests of 
their customers, land was purchased 
last year in Winnipeg and a build- 
ing has been erected on same, that 
gives this company abundant stor- 
age and transfer facilities to prop- 
erly care for their trade from this 

Of course, no matter how well 
made or meritorious the machinery 
is, or how excellent the facilities 
for handling are, unless the busi- 
ness is properly directed and con- 
trolled it will not succeed. So in 
order that no mistakes should be 
made and the success of the branch 
house assured from the beginning 
— the business was placed in the 
hands of Mr. J. M. Reid, as mana- 
ger, who had demonstrated his 
ability in this line during several 
years' service with the company in 

For the entire Dominion this 
company act as agents for the well- 
known Stickney Gasoline Engines, 
made at St. Paul, and they are ex- 
clusive selling agents for the Em- 
pire Cream Separators in Manitoba 
and the Northwest provinces. 

Among other lines they handle 
the ensilage cutters, horse and tread 
powers, etc., made by B. Bell and 
Son, of St. George. 

Their new building here Occupies 
space on Chambers street, 50x60, 
two storeys and a basement. 

A shipping shed 32x50 adjoins 
this building and a platform front- 
ing the track the full length fur- 
nishes ample shipping facilities. 
The main building is well equipped 
with offices, repair shop and one 
of the largest electric hoists in the 
city. The platform of this hoist 
is 8x13 feet. The building is fit- 
ted with proper heating and sani- 
tary appliances and is one of the 
substantial additions to Winnipeg's 
solid growth during the last year. 

The Harmer-Wadge Implement 
Co. are a new company in the im- 
plement business in Winnipeg. 
Mr. Harmer was formerly manager 
of The Western Implement Manu- 
facturing Company while Mr. 
Wadge was connected with "The 
Hern" Fanning Mill business. 

MR. S. M. REID, Manager Winnipeg Branch Ontario 
Wind Engine & Pump Co. 

The New Warehouse of The Ontario Wind Engine & Pump Co. 
at Winnipeg. 

Why One Remained Outside. 

William H. Mason, who recently 
returned from a western trip, is 
telling a story about two country 
merchants he met during his trav- 
els. The men were brothers, well 
along in years, and among the most 
prosperous citizens of their county. 
One of the brothers was moved not 
long ago to believe that he should 
join the church. 

Neither had ever paid attention 
to religious affairs, but a stirring 
evangelist had finally aroused the 
elder man to feel that the church 
was where he belonged. He en- 
deavored to persuade his brother to 
join the church with him, but when- 
ever the subject was mentioned the 
brother always waived the subject 
and would not discuss the matter. 
Finally, the elder brother said one 
dav : "Tohn, why don't you join the 
church' if I do?" "Well. Bill, I 
might as well tell you. You go 
ahead and join the church : but if I 

join it, too, who's going to weigh 
the wool ?"— Chicago Chronicle. 

The Buggy No Better Than its 

The Farm Implement News has 
the following very sensible para- 
graph regarding the importance of 
quality in the wheels of vehicles : — 

If vehicle buyers knew that a 
few dollars covers the difference in 
cost between good and poor wheels 
they would not hesitate to pay a 
higher price to obtain the better 
grade. If dealers realized what it 
means to them to sell vehicles with 
good quality wheels they would 
demand and be willing to pay for 
the better grades. If manufactur- 
ers want to make the medium grade 
vehicle trade more satisfactory to 
every factor they will begin a cam- 
paign of education along that line. 
"A horse is no better than its legs." 
A buggy is no better than its 

The Mail List. 

Then get out your mailing list — 
of course you have one. Go over 
it carefully and pick out names of 
people that you think are at all like- 
ly to buy a drill this spring. To 
them send a strong letter calling 
attention to the drill that you have 
left, describing them and giving the 
lowest price. It may be that you 
will find twenty-five or fifty to 
whom you think it will be useful to 
send these letters — but that will be 
all right. If one of them bins a 
drill you will have gotten your 
monev back. 

Farm Wagon Trade. 

One of the most satisfactory 
branches of the retail implement 
and vehicle trade is the sale of farm 
wagons, says a writer in the Farm 
Implement News. The writer has 
met dealers who considered this 
line the most agreeable to handle, 
except in respect to the long credits 
which prevail. Of course, the 
trade is not free from the evil of 
price-cutting and the average pro- 
fits realized are doubtless smaller 
than they should be, but there is 
little trouble over repair bills con- 
sidering- the great number of wag- 
ons sold annually. Catalog house 
wagons are not much in evidence 
and comparatively few jobs are sold 
direct or offered for sale in that 

The assertion was made recently 
by one who has investigated the 
matter of total annual sales that 
approximately 250,000 wagons are 
sold every twelve months, and an- 
other authority, pronouncing these 
figures substantially correct, added 
that practically all of them are sold 
by the dealers. If this is true, only 
two things are necessary to make 
the retail wagon trade as satisfac- 
tory as one could reasonably hope 
for — a moderate increase of pro- 
fits and a substantial reduction in 
credits. The means of securing 
both of these are in the hands of 
the dealers themselves. 

A successful western daler told 
the writer that he has been trying 
for two years past to put his wagon 
business upon a different basis as 
regards credit and that he has been 
fairly successful. Twenty years 
ago he bought and sold wagons on 
four months' time. Gradually the 
credits were expanded until a year's 
time was considered a short retail 
credit and many sales were settled 
with notes of which the last did 
not mature until eighteen months 
after date. It may be remarked 
in passing that the first intimation 
of a change from the old four- 
months' basis came from a factory 
representative who voluntarily and 
unexpectedly offered the dealer 
sixty days' longer time than he had 
been receiving. He had asked for 
no more time. Last year his wagon 
sale credits averaged three months 
shorter than the year before, and 

January, 1905. 



this year's average he believes will 
be shortened by another month or 
two. In accomplishing this desir- 
able change he has lost a few sales 
to persons who could not be moved 
from their position of demanding 
unreasonable time, but he found 
most of his customers amenable to 
reason. However, this dealer had 
little competition during the past 
two years or he probably would 
.have found it a more difficult task 
to reform his wagon credits. But 
competing dealers, working har- 
moniously with the same end in 
view, can accomplish more and in 
less time than he. And with so 
little irregular competition to meet 
there is no reason why the same 
dealers should not make their wag- 
on business productive of more 
consistent profit. 

The Voice of Command. 

In these days the great man sel- 
dom uses the great manner. Power 
speaks gently; authority whispers 
oftener than it vociferates. Dew- 
ey's famous "You may fire when 
ready, Gridley," is the quiet and 
confident example of the big man 
in a big undertaking, whether it be 
war 0/ business. 

Twenty years ago the typical rail- 
road president, one of the three 
railroad kings of that time, was 
bluff, loud, autocratic, propulsive. 
His words rolled out thunderously. 
He brooked no argument. Jove 
could not have been more conclu- 
sive. He gave the impression of 
awe; he made his visitors feel that 
they were in a wonderful presence. 
The same railroad system now 
handles many times more business 
than it did then; its earnings are 
tens of millions larger; its employ- 
ees have grown into an army. The 
new president is altogether a mod- 
ern executive. While chatting with 
a visitor he gives orders. There 
is no elevation in his voice. Hum- 
orous sallies are sandwiched in the 
conversation. It is as pleasant and 
as comfortable as a friendly talk 
in a cosy corner. And yet this 
modern president dispatches more 
business in a day than his prede- 
cessor of twenty years ago did in 
a week. 

It is the same to-day with most 
men of eminence in business and 
politics. They are of the same 
brand — quiet, well-poised persons 
who semed to have acquired with 
their success the practical philoso- 
phy of life and living. They are 
not in a hurry. They do not fume 
or bluster. Their words are as 
cheerful as they are simple. They 
invite and tell good stories ; and 
their very calm is in part an ex- 
planation of their rise to high posi- 

It is a vast mistake to think that 
the tendencies are toward noise 
and haste and nervous waste in the 
big chairs of modern civilization. 
The man with the cool head and the 
gentle tongue is the kind who is 
wanted in large undertakings. 

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Most popular line on the 
market to-day. 


in 8, 10 and 12 inch 

in 6 inch Plates. 

Steel and 
Wood Saw 
Frames, and 

Horse and Tread 
Powers, Straw & 
Feed Cutters, 
Steel Land Rollers 

The B. Bell & Son 
line, the old reliable 
and best in the market 


The Empire 

Simplest and Best. 



The Stickney Line 

3 H.P. Stickney Jr. The 
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and 25 h.p. sizes.. 


Iron or Wood, Force 
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Head Office and Factory : TORONTO. 


* Gusher 



January, 1905. 

you do not need to be close enough 
to see, if you are within hearing 
distance of the exhaust sound. It 
is certainly folly to endeavor to 
muffle the exhaust where it is not 
required by reason of annoyance 
to the ears of people who are com- 
peled to live in the immediate vic- 
inity where a gas engine is con- 
stantly at work. In crowded cit- 
ies, in public buildings where many 
persons congregate, on automo- 
biles and pleasure launches when 
gas engines are used for power, 
it is desirable to muffle the exhaust 
sounds for the benefit of the ears 
of the many people near it who have 
no direct interest in its welfare. 
The unnatural sounds of a gas en- 
gine are those that indicate want 
of adjustment, wear, broken parts 
or impending damage to the engine. 
The regular click of the valves and 
sparker mechanism and slight rum- 
ble of the gearing, may be, along 
with the exhaust and inhaling 
sounds, regarded as 
natural sounds. But 
the pounding in the 

himself. An engine under his care 
will run along smoothly and quiet- 
ly and give off no unnatural sounds. 
i\o engine can do its best work 
when there is pounding in the cy- 
linder. And yet we find many en- 
gines running that way, and those 
who have charge of them do not 
know why the engine pounds. If 
they cut out their battery switch, 
and take from the engine the electric 
[ current which is supposed to be the 
only source of. ignition, they would 
find to their surprise that the engine 
would run right along and pound 
away without the battery or appar- 
ently anything to supply the igni- 
tion spark. The conclusion is that 
the engine is simply firing its own 
charges bofore the piston has fin- 
ished or completed its compression 
stroke, and the force of the explo- 
sion, against the on-coming force 
from momentum of the flywheels 
through the piston, causes the heavy 
jar or pound in the cylinder. After 
having determined that the engine 
is firing its own charges too early, 
the next step is to find out the cause. 

A. C. McRae's new Warehouse — the latest addition to 
Winnipeg's Substantial Buildings. 

Sounds in the Gas Engine. 

The best engineers take great 
pride in operating their engine in 
such a manner or condition that 
makes it practically noiseless. It 
is usually considered that the less 
noise or sound there is from an en- 
gine when it is running the better 
the condition of it. In a measure 
this is true, but there are certain 
sounds which may be regarded as 
natural sounds, which if entirely ob- 
literated may be a decided hinder- 
ance to the successful operation of 
the engine. The principal of these 
are the exhaust and the inhalation 
sound. In a stationary engine 
these may be conducted outside of 
the building at a point where they 
are not noticeable in the engine 
room. Or they may be so muffled 
as to reduce their noisy effect to 
the minimum. The attempt to com- 
pletely muffle the exhaust sound 
of a gas engine not only interferes 
with the running of the engine but 
if accomplished, it takes away a 
valuable guide to the operator by 
which he can judge the running 
condition of his engine. An opera- 
tor of a gas engine can hardly be 
considered a successful one who has 
not carefully studied the exhaust 
sounds of his engine and who is 
not able to detect by the sound of 
the exhaust many irregularities that 
arise in the running of the engine. 
The exhaust sound of an engine, 
therefore, is a natural sound that 
should not be interfered with too 
zealously. The exhaust and inhal- 
ation sounds will together deter- 
mine for an observing operator de- 
fects in the exhaust and receiving 
valve operations, as well as point 
out defective ignition, and will give 
immediate notice when aiv extra 
load is put onto the engine, and 
about the extent of the load, and 
whether the engine is overloaded 
or his handling its load easily. The 
exhaust sound, of course, is the 
principal guide and one that every 
observing operator soon learns to 
notice closely when within hearing 
distance of it. In the oil fields of 
this country many gas engines are 
in use, and often one man is given 
charge of from six to ten engines 
that he is expected to start and 
keep in operation. These engines 
are doing work at pumping oil 
wells and are scattered around over 
a square mile, or two or territory 
located conveniently at the oil wells 
they are pumping. The exhaust 
of these engines are never muffled. 
It would be regarded by the engin- 
eers in the field as an indication of 
ignorance if one among them 
should muffle the exhaust sounds 
of his engine. They listen for the 
exhaust sound of an engine that 
may be a mile or more distant and 
if able to hear it they are able to 
tell whether the engine is going all 
right or whether it is in distress 
and needs immediate attention. 
It is such a valuable sound that it 
may be regarded as the index fin- 
ger or pointer of the engine, but 
the important thing about it is that 

cylinder due to premature ignition, 
the grating or purring sound of a 
broken fly wheel or pulley spoke, the 
knock of a loose wrist box or fly- 
w heel loose on the shaft, the hissing 
and sometimes barking noise of the 
escaping pressure around the pis- 
ton, the clatter of worn parts in 
general, are sounds that should be 
met and overcome the moment they 
arise, because they are unnatural 
sounds and indicate an abnormal 
condition of the part creating the 
sound. Happy is he, and great 
is the operator ■ among operators, 
who is able to quickly determine 
the cause or source of any abnor- 
mal sound. He is a safe man with 
an engine. His ability did not 
come to him by chance but by close 
observation and application. He 
has done some good sound thinking 
on the subject of the running of 
the gas engine. He is often better 
equipped to handle a gas engine 
under a load than the manufacturer 

Either the compression is too heavy 
or the interior of the igniting 
chamber retains a firing heat from 
the preceding charge. This latter 
may be the result of obstruction 
in the cooling device or insufficient 
opening of the exhaust valve so as 
not to allow a free vent to the ex- 
haust gases. Or the pre-ignition 
may be caused by some projecting 
point of irorr on which there is a 
deposit of carbon, or a chunk of 
burnt carbon in the combustion 
chamber. Pounding in the cylin- 
der, you will notice, does not al- 
ways result from the same cause. 
Too often we fail to locate and 
overcome the trouble by reason of 
the fact that we make up our minds 
that the trouble is located at a cer- 
tain place, and we stick so closely 
to it that we seem to be unable to 
direct our attention to any other 
thing or point. The expert comes 
and locates the trouble at another 
point entirely, without giving our 

pet or supposed trouble any con- 
sideration at all. It is just as im- 
portant to be able to search for dif- 
ferent causes as it is to be able to 
distinguish between two abnormal 
sounds. Operators sometimes get 
confused between the sounds of pre- 
mature ignition (pounding in the 
cylinder) and a knock caused by a 
loose flywheel or wrist box. I have 
known operators to work for days 
in adjusting the wrist boxes in the 
hope of overcoming a knock caused * 
by a loose flywheel. This is very 
much like the fellow who stoops 
to scratch his friend's ankle when 
it is his own that itches. In order 
to overcome an unnatural sound 
in an engine it is necessary first to 
exactly locate the itch and then 
scratch at that place. Unnatural 
sounds are most easily located when 
one is entirely familiar with the 
natural sound. They are more 
quickly and easily overcome if their 
cause is located the moment they 
are noticeable. Some engines nev- 
er, or apparently never, develop 
any unnatural sounds because the 
operator is always on the alert and 
detects and remedies them the ins- 
tant they occur. His engine runs 
smooth and quiet all of the time. 
Other engines when they run at all 
are completely hidden by unnatural 
sounds. They are so numerous, so 
noisy, so deafening, that they would 
put to shame the braying of a don- 
key or the music of a little German 
band. It was my privilege to hear 
such a conglomeration of unnatural 
sounds coming from a gas engine 
at one time, which created such a 
din or clatter that I actually felt 
fearful of approaching it. Yet the 
engineer informed me that they had 
been using it, or trying to, in that 
same condition for the six months 
previous. It seemed to me upon 
looking it over that there wasn't a 
part about it that was intended to 
be tight. I afterwards learned that 
the engine was a complete wreck 
within a year from the time it was 
installed. It pays to guard care- 
fully, detect early, and remedv 
quickly all unnatural sounds about 
a gas engine. — Canadian Imple- 
ment and Vehicle Trade. 

The Choice of the Czar. 

Recent advices from Europe 
state that the Czar of Russia has 
recently ordered for use on his pri- 
vate estate in the Caspian country 
the following Deering machines: 2 
12 feet Deering push binders, 2 
Deering reapers, 2 Deering Mow- 
ers, 2 Deering hay rakes. This 
order was placed with the Odessa 
agency. The Czar is a good judge 
of agricultural machinery and his 
recent order for American made 
machines is the result of careful 
investigation, and can be attributed 
to the superior quality of machines 
made in this country. 

January, 1905. 



Harvester Concessions now 

The International Harvester 
Company of America in a letter to' 
H. J. Hodge, secretary of the Nat- 
ional Federation of Retail Imple- 
ment and Vehicle Dealers' Associa- 
tions, denies the report that their 
general agents and blockmen have 
received no instructions relative to 
the concessions made in the con- 
tract at the request of the Federa- 
tion in November last. In support 
of this denial they have submitted 
a copy of their instructions to gen- 
eral agents earing date of Nov. tt, 
T004 . The denial was reiterated by 
representatives of the company at 
a confereence held in Kansas City 
last Monday. 

It appears, however, that the 
company' general agents were in- 
structed to alter the contract in 
accordance with the agreement 
when such alterations were desired 
by the dealer. The result was that 
unless the dealer requested the 
changes they were not made. From 
this fact the report arose that no 
instructions had been given. 

At the conference held Monday 
the harvester committee of the Nat- 
ional Federation took the position 
that it was incumbent upon the In- 
ternational Harvester Company of 
America, in view of the concession 
planted, to alter the contract in ac- 
cordance with same whether re- 
quested by the dealer, or not. 

This phase of the question was 
discussed at some length and the 
company's represntatives accepted 
the harvester committee's view of 
the matter, promising that a letter 
covering the various concessions 
granted at the request of the Feder- 
ation would be sent to every Inter- 
national agent with instructions to 
attach same to his 1905 contract. 

The correspondence between Sec- 
retary Hodge and the International 
company prior to the Kansas City 
conference was as follows: 

Secretary Hodge to International 
"Abilene, Kan., Jan. 5, 1905. 
"International Harvester Company 

of America, Chicago, 111. 

"Gentlemen: About Nov. 1 your 
sales managers on behalf of your 
company granted certain conces- 
sions to the harvester committee of 
the National Federation of Retail 
Implement and Vehicle Dealers' 
Associations. The said concessions 
we deemed of great importance to 
the members of our association and 
the retail implement trade generally, 
if made effective. It is now being 
reported that your general agents 
and blockmen have had no advices 
from you concerning these conces- 
sions and when dealers ask for the 
modifications of the contract they 
are informed that they have no 
authority to grant same. 

"I am instructed by the harvester 
committee to say that they deem 
this of sufficient importance to our 

members to warrant an interview 
with authorized representatives of 
your company, and would suggest 
that such interview be held at Kan- 
sas City, Jan. 9. 

"Hoping you will give this your 
favorable consideration, I remain, 

"Yours respectfully, 
"H. J. Hodge, Secretary." 

International Harvester Company's 

"H. J. Hodge, Secretary, Abilene, 

"Dear Sir : I have your favor of 
the 5th, which referred to the fact 
that the report is current that this 
company has never instructed its 
general agents in accordance with 
the agreement reached at the con- 
ference with the Federation in No- 
vember. The best evidence that I 
can furnish to you that we did noti- 
fy our general agents in accordance 
with that agreement is the enclosed 
copy, taken from my files, or our 
general letter No. 93-C, Nov. 11, 
which was sent to every general 
agent in the United States. This 
will give you the evidence desired. 
We will further state that we are 
perfectly willing to meet your com- 
mittee at the time suggested and 
will try to satisfv them that it is our 
intention to fulfill our promises to 
the letter. 

"Very truly yours, 

"R. C. Haskins." 

The Instructions of Nov. 11. 
"General Letter No. 93-C. 

"Nov. ii, 1904. 
" io General Agents: 

"Gentlemen: There has been 
some discussion lately on the sub- 
ject of the exclusive feature of our 
commission contract, and we desire 
at this time to state the principle 
that will govern in this matter. 
Where we furnish goods to an ag- 
ent for sale on a commission or 
consignment contract our interests 
demand that such articles be hand- 
led solely on an exclusive basis. 
Such articles as are included in our 
sales contract and are bought out- 
right by the agent need not be on 
an exclusive basis provided the 
agent will buy such reasonable 
number as will protect us in the 
trade. On this basis you may, 
where desired, exempt rakes, hay 
stackers and tedders from the oper- 
ation of the exclusive clause in our 
agency contract for 1905. This 
will doubtless work to our advan- 
tage in many cases and save us a 
customer who might be willing to 
handle a few of these goods, but 
not on an exclusive basis until they 
have been on the market longer and 
demonstrated their superiority. 
You may also exempt horse hay 
rakes from the operation of that 
clause unless for reasons satisfac- 
tory to you you decide it will be 
to our advantage to have the rakes 
handled on a commission basis. 

"Some question having arisen as 

I Palmerston Carriages. I 

Every One 

Will Sell 

Bone Dry 






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^ new warehouse, corner King and James Streets. ^ 

^ A. C. McRAE, Manitoba and A Cth f west Territories, Winnipeg, Manitoba. ^ 



January, 1905. 

to the construction to be put on 
Clause 7 in the instructions to 
agents in the commission contract, 
you are advised that the policy 
of the company will be to replace 
defective canvases and wood parts 
in the same manner provided for 
replacing other defective parts. 

"Where desired, you may give 
the folowing written agreement to 
agents on contracts already written 
for 1905 : 

" 'It is agreed that the blockmen 
of the company shall, so far as prac- 
ticable, examine farmers' orders for 
commission machines submitted by 
the agent, and O. K. such as con- 
form to the contract requirements, 
and notes properly taken on such 
orders will be accepted.' 

"By the expression, 'so far as 
practicable' we mean that the block- 
man shall do this so far as he can 
in connection with his other duties. 
It is manifest that many sales will 
be made in the rush of the harvest 
season when it will be a onvs'^nl 
impossibility for the blockman to 
pass on all the orders. 

"Very truly yours, 
International Harvester Com- 
panv of America." 
"Diet. b. R. C. H." 

— Farm Implement News. 

Manager E. A. Mott, of The 
Cockshutt Plow Co. went east this 
month to visit the home factory at 
Brantford and strengthen his dif- 
ferent lines for the coming season. 

A Manufacturer's Views. 

H. C. Staver, of Chicago, repre- 
sented the implement and vehicle 
manufacturers at the dealers' con- 
vention in Sioux Falls last month. 
A part of his address is as follows : 

"My first duty to you is to bring 
the greeting of our association. I 
would say to you that our associa- 
tion is in sympathy with your work 
and it is our desire that the manu- 
facturer, the jobber, the dealer and 
the consumer, yea, the consumer, 
shall come closer together. I was 
requested by the chairman of the 
committee of dealers' associations 
to suggest a few arguments. 

The first is, standardize your im- 
plements and vehicle business. The 
manufacturer of an implement or 
a vehicle gives his life's study to 
that article; he not only studies it, 
but he gets reports from every 
traveling man ; he gets reports from 
many of the dealers ; he goes out 
and sees it in actual operation, and 
be knows what will make a practical 
article for you to sell. This may 
not seem to you correct at first start, 
but I want to say this as a clincher : 
I have had the pleasure of watch- 
ing trade a great many years, and 
1ft me say to you that the general 
manufacturer, if he is a live, ener- 
getic man and looks after business 
- ~ he ought and reads all the corres- 
pondence that comes into that office 
-r.d listens to all the reports brought 
to him, comes as near judging as 
to who are successful men without 

ever seeing them, without looking 
at Dun or Bradstreet as to their 
rating, than any man you know of. 
1 have watched the western coun- 
try more than the east, and I can 
name to you men by the hundreds 
who have made a success of their 
business and control the trade of 
their town, and they never think 
of asking you to change on an im- 
plement or a vehicle. 

I have read of a travelling man 
who, when he wrote an order, <rot 
in nearly every style of vehicle, and 
they used to write and tell him not 
to, and he would reply that the man 
wanted a variety on his floor. This 
gentleman sold the dealer a carload 
of goods. The goods arrived and 
he paid for them. In the course 
of about four or five weeks he 
w rote a letter and enclosed an order 
for another carload and said he did 
not want the traveling man to tam- 
per with that order. And that 
whole order was for only three 
styles. He said in his letter he 
wanted goods to sell and not goods 
to look at on the floor. If you find 
an implement or vehicle that sells, 
that is the one to push. If you are 
trying to sell a customer, and if you 
have but one thing to show him 
and put all your energy on that one 
article, you can sell him a great deal 
quicker than to show him five or 
six kinds. Competition is very 
close, you know. It is close with 
us. It is closer with the manufac- 
turer then ever, for it is simply by 
systematizing and getting it down 

on special lines that he can make a 
success of business. 

The warranty of a vehicle be- 
longs to the carriage maker. I be- 
lieve you should take up this ques- 
tion of warranty. This question of 
warranty has bothered always ; it 
bothers you and it bothers us. Just 
exactly what is right is the question. 
I belive the manufacturers of ve- 
hicles desire to do what is right, but 
the thing that worries them is the 
fact that so many times things are 
brought up against them which are 
not right but which the dealer him- 
self thinks is right. This is a dif- 
ference of opinion, and both are 
honest in their opinion. The far- 
mer comes in with his vehicle and 
he will say the paint is bad. Well, 
the warranty does not cover paint, 
and never has, and yet many manu- 
facturers have always made that 
warranty good. And then, when 
a complaint comes in about the 
paint being wrong, the question is, 
why did that paint go wrong? 
Maybe a neighbor of his has the 
same make of buggy and has used 
it just as long, and his paint is per- 
fect. Yet they went through the 
same process all the way. Why 
should one go wrong and not the 
other? It is true sometimes the 
paint goes wrong when it is the 
fault of the workmen in the paint 
shop. Then, in my judgment, this 
ought to be made right cheerfully. 
There must, as a rule, be something 
which causes these things to go 


We make the greatest variety of wheeled vehicles of any firm in 
Canada and are introducing 

Many New Varieties for 1905. 

It will pay you to investigate before purchasing." 112 p. catalogue free. 
See our new Artillery Hub Ball Bearing Wheel, adapted 
for all fancy road wagons and light top buggies, with rubber cushion 
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McLaughlin Carriage Go. 


Factory: OSHAWA, ONT. 

Branches carrying full lines at Winnipeg, Montreal and St. John. 

January, 1905. 



President Shamp on the Har- 
vester Question. 

Statements, recently given to the 
press by Jerome Shamp, Lincoln, 
Neb., president of the South Platte 
Implement Dealers' Association: 

The objects and aims of this as- 
siciation being to build up the retail 
implement dealers and bring about 
a closer alliance and friendship, and 
to establish staple prices, and, if 
possible, to place the implement* 
trade upon a more safe and reliable 
basis, would naturally place us in a 
position by which in all cases we 
should co-operate with the jobber 
and manufacturer, and in my judg- 
ment this is the only way the re- 
tail dealer can ever be brought up 
to the proper standard. The sys- 
tem which we live under at the 
present day is a system of organi- 
zation, and the International Har- 
vester Company is no exception. 

Certainly we can say that, taking 
the expense into consideration that 
has devolved upon the retail imple- 
ment dealer, he has made nothing 
to speak of in handling such goods, 
and this has largely been brought 
about from the fact of the un- 
natural competition and the strife 
between the retail dealers them- 

In this association we reserve 
the right to place a reasonable 
price upon the goods we sell, and 

we expect in turn that the manu- 
facturer and jobber will co-operate 
with us in maintaining this price. 

We believe that it is the right of 
the International Harvester ( om- 
pany to sell goods to whom they 
please, but we do believe that is a 
reasonable proposition and a busi- 
ness one that they should sell to 
such dealers as make a reasonable 
profit on the goods they sell, and 
we believe that they will do it. 

It is true that every organization 
is born for a purpose and that pur- 
pose is to make money ; and we 
presume that the International Har- 
vester Company has other motive 
in its organization. 

As to the exclusive clause in the 
contracts. This has been in exist- 
ence for the past twenty-five years, 
and so far as we can see it has al- 
ways been inoperative and we do 
not believe that it is either feasible 
or constitutional, as we believe that 
the retail dealer has and should 
have the right to sell whatever 
goods he desires, and an unreason- 
able thing cannot be demanded of 
either party. 

What the International Harves- 
ter Company's objects and aims will 
be in the future, it would be hard 
for one to foreshadow, and it seems 
to me at this- time that there is but 
one course for the retail dealer to 
take, and that is to establish a reas- 
onable, staple price upon the goods 
he sells, and then maintain it in all 
cases. Under the present system 
of organization it is the only way 

that he can possibly succeed, and 
then when this is done we have the 
right to expect the manufacturer 
and jobber will co-operate with us 
in maintaining these prices. 

Before the retail dealer can make 
a demand upon the jobber he should 
have a motive and an object by 
which the jobber and manufacturer 
could co-operate with him, and this 
is the only way, in my judgment, 
that we can succeed. An associa- 
tion without a motive is useless to 
its members. 

Our personal views in regard to 
the trust question is that legitimate 
capital centralized has never injur- 
ed any one, but the present system 
of watered stock is a menace to the 
legitimate trade of the country, 
and that all of the means of trans- 
portation should be taken hold of 
and operated by the government 
for the benefit of the people, which 
would give them back their con- 
stitutional rights, and would have 
a tendency to level down all of these 
institutions, which at this time can 
take advantage, through the means 
of transportation, and virtually de- 
prive other enterprises from spring- 
ing up and competing. We believe 
that this is the greatest question 
before the American people at this 
time, and that sooner or later it 
will be taken up and disposed of. 
When trusts become powerful and 
law-defying, there is but one way 
by which it can be controlled, and 
that is through the government. — 
Jerome Shamp. 

A New Departure. 

M. J. Miller, who for the last 
six years has been Supt. of Plow 
Dept. for the Massey-Harris Co., 
has recently been appointed Cana- 
dian representative for the David 
Pradley Mfg. Co., Bradley, Illinois, 
who make the celebrated . 
Bradley plows, harows and hay 
presses. The Bradley Company 
are one of the oldest plow builders 
in the United States, and their cele- 
brated "Garden City Clipper' pi„..„ 
have a world-wide reputation. 

Mr. Miller is undoubtedly one of 
the best known plow men in Can- 
ada, and has had years of exper- 
ience, not only in Manitoba and 
Northwest Territories, but also in 
the Western, and Southern States, 
having been connected with the 
Economical Plow Co., South Bend, 
Ind., who were the pioneers in 3- 
wheel plows, also with the Bissell 
Chilled Plow Co., of the same city. 
Mr. Miller knows the conditions ex- 
isting in the Canadian West, just 
what kind of plows are required in 
the different soils, etc. 

Mr. Miller will have charge of 
Eastern as well as Western Cana- 
da, and will have office and sample 
rooms in the new McRae Block, 
corner King and James Streets. 
Winnipeg. He will be at home to 
all friends and customers during 
bonspiel. and will take pleasure in 
showing the Bradley line. 


Office Specialty Mfg. Co., Limited 




Card Indexes, Card Ledgers, Shannon " Files, Check and 
Document Files, Sectional Filing Cabinets, Sectional Book 
Cases, Rapid Roller Letter Copier, and other high grade 
labor saving Office Devices in Steel and Wood. 




We would be Pleased to furnish School Trustees with Catalogue and Prices of our Ideal School Desks 



January, 1905. 

Don't Know Good Tools. 

It is remarkable what a lack there 
is of the common American plow in 
Japan and other countries of the 
Orient. No one knows exactly 
why. The American plow is ad- 
mired and desired wherever it has 
been put on s'ale. The farming 
people of Japan frequently inquire 
where they could get an American 
plow. There are American plows 
on sale in Nagasaki, but the people 
of the agricural districts do not 
appear to know of it. They have 
heard of American plows, but few 
have seen or used them. Moderate 
sized, plain, medium cost plows are 
wanted. If there too many attach- 
ments to any of the farming de- 
vices the Japanese are at a loss how 
to use them. They have a very 
great habit of removing labor- 
savine attachments and using; only 
the simple machine itself after it 
gets in their possession. 

Educate Buyers in Care of 

7 MW^y^ 


/V 9 

The volume of unfounded claims 
for free repairs on vehicles, a con- 
stant source of trouble and loss to 
manufacturers and dealers, could 
be materially diminished through 
efforts to educate buyers in the care 
of vehicles. A great many pur- 
chasers of medium grade vehicles 
actually lack the knowledge of how 
to take proper care of them. A 
large percentage of buyers, while 
they may possess the required 
knowledge, fail to apply it, not 
through any desire to shorten the 
life of the vehicle, but merely be- 
cause they are not reminded of the 
importance of giving it proper care. 
In these two classes we find a large 
majority of medium grade buggy 
users, the careless an dthe know- 


Courtesy of The Fairchild Company. 

It requires no stretch of the ima- 
gination to picture the vehicle buyer 
cheerfully and willingly accepting 
instructions on how to preserve and 
prolong the life of the carriage he 
has just purchased, nor to see him 
carefully following such instruc- 
tions. And it would be quite as 
natural for the buyer who knows 
how but hadn't thought of it to be 
effectively reminded of his duty by 
the same instructions. Yet how 
many of a season's thousands of 
purchasers are educated or remind- 

There should be co-operation be- 
tween the dealer and manufacturer 
along this line, for both are inter- 
ested in having each job give satis- 
faction and cause no unfounded 
claims for repairs. The manufac- 

turer knows better than the dealer 
what instructions are required. 
His should be the task to prepare 
rules for the care of vehicles and 
place a copy in the hands of each 
dealer customer. This can be eas- 
ily accomplished by printing them 
in his catalogues. The dealer who 
desires to put an end to unwarrant- 
ed claims and at the same time in- 
sure the maximum of satisfaction 
to his customers will not balk at the 
small expense required to reprint 
these rules and place a copy in the 
hands of each buyer. A few — a 
very few, comparatively — manufac- 
turers are incorporating rules for 
the care of vehicles in their cata- 
logues, and some dealers have taken 
up the matter with a view to edu- 
cating: their customers. Let this 

become the universal custom, and 
unfounded claims for free repairs 
will be reduced to the minimum. 
— Farm Implement News. 

Train Loads. 

The Emerson Manufacturing 
Company, Rockford, 111., recently 
shipped a trainload of implements 
to their Minneapolis house. The 
train consisted of twenty fifty-foot 
cars. It was covered with banners 
and placards indicating the con- 
tents. The shipment consisted 
largely of Emerson plows, and the 
run was made by daylight schedule, 
with stops at principal stations. 







Baggage bonded through to Canadian points, no customs inspection. 

Thoroughly Modern Equipment. 

Train leaves C.N Ry. Depot 5.20 p.m. daily. 
R. J. SMITH, D. F. & P. A. D. T. CUMMINGS, Ticket Agent. 

F. I. WHITNEY, G. P. & T. A., St. Paul, Minn. 

The Short line 

and Route of the 


Winnipeg, Man. °-^ c ^ Minneapolis & St. Paul 

TWO THROUGH TRAINS with First-class Sleepers and Dining Car Service DAILY 

Connecting in Union Depot, St. Paul, with trains to and from Chicago and all Eastern 
and Southern points. 

s c 






C.N.— G.N. 



P. Line 

The Busy Man 

Lv. Winnipeg - 
Ar. Minneapolis 
Ar. St. Paul - - 

's Train 

• - 17.20 k 

• - 7 35 k 
- - 8.05 k 


Lv. Winnipeg 
Ar. Minneapolis 
Ar. St. Paul - 

- - - 13.40 k 

- - 6.50 k 

- - - 7.25 k 

Lv. St. Paul - - 
Lv. Minneapolis 
Ar. Winnipeg 

- - 17.15 k 

- - 17 50 k 

- - 7.30 k 

L,V. St. Paul - 
Lv. Minneapolis 
Ar. Winnipeg 

- - - 20.00 k 
- - 20.35 k 

- - - 13 35 k 

For Tickets. Sleeping Car Berth Reservations and Fuller Inforina'ion apply 
to any agent Canadian Northern Railway. 
Cor. Main St. and Portage Ave., Phone 1066. Water St. Depot, Pho ie a8a6. 

January, 1905. 





Horizontal Stationary 

6, 8, 10, 12 and 15 H. P. 


6, 8, 10, 12 and 15 H. P. 


2, 3 and 5 H. P. 

Farmers and Dairymen, 
Threshermen and Mill-Owners 


I. H. C. Gasoline Engines are the Engines for the Dealer 
to Handle, Because They are Unquestionably the Most 
Desirable Gasoline Engines on the Market to-day 

International Harvester Company of America 

Canadian Branch Houses at CALGARY, LONDON, ST. JOHN 

General Office-CHICAGO. 

January, 1905. 


Olds Runabout, Seven Horse "Power • 



Furnished and 
Prices Quoted 


MAW & Co., Ltd., nSSSMT 



Has been sold in the NorthwestTerritory for several years, long 
enough to demonstrate its superiority in all things necessary to 

a successful gang plow. 

The Beams are Extra Heavy for hard service. 

The Furrow Wheels have wioe tires and enclosed dust-proof 
hub boxes with large oil chambers. 

The Front Wheel is 24 inches high and runs easy. 

The Jones Patent Connecting is the best device on the mar- 
ket for controlling the rear wheel. 

The Jones Foot Lift is out of sight, it lifts so easy. 

The Gas hardened Concave Face Plow Bottoms are the spe- 
cial feature — guaranteed to scoiu and will wear 50 per cent, 
longer tan any other plow. Why? Because the mouldboards 
are triple shin and the shares are doubk shin. 

FROST & WOOD CO., General Agents, 


J. THOMPSON & SONS MFG. CO., Beloit, Wis., U.S.A. 



Double Cylinder 

H amburg High - Grade AA/agon 



the easiest working 
""MP on the market. 


It has two brass cylin- 

One side will balance the 

All you do is work the 

A five year old child 
can operate this Pump 
in a fifty-foot well. 

This Pump will dis- 
charge twice as much 
water as any other 
pump. It will take but 
half the time and labor 
to pump the water. 

Is this Pump durable? 

It certainly is. 
The Cylinders are solid 

The Pipe Is all Galvan- 

The Rods are Steel Gal- 
It has no stuffing boxes 

to wear out. 
You can attach hose. 
You can attach wind- 

This Pump is positively 

Made of 
the best material, 
finest finish, 
light running, 


A full line of all kinds of agricultural implements wanted on the farm. Send for Catalogues. 

W. JOHNSTON & CO., Ltd., 776 Main St., WINNIPEG, MAN. 

Vol. I, No. 2. 


Head Office . Quebec. 
Authorized Capital - $4,000,000 

Paid-Up Capital - - $2,500,000 

Rest ------ $1,000,000 

Altona Edmonton L,umsden Rapid City 
Areola Ft. Saskatchewan Regtna 

Baldur Frank Macleod Russell 

Birtle Gleuboro Manitou Saskatoon 

Boissevain Gretna Medicine Hat 
Calgary Hamiota Melita Shoal L,ake 
Carberry Hartney MinnedosaSiutaluta 
Cardston High RiverMoosejaw Souris 
Carlyle Holland Moosomin Virden 
Carman Indian Hd Morden Wapella 
Crystal City Iunisfail Neepawa Wawanesa 
Cypress River Okotoks Weyburn , 

Deloraine Killarney Oxbow Winnipeg 
Didsbury L,ethbridgePincherCk Wolseley 
Interest allowed on Savings Bank deposits at 
all branches at highest current rates. Collections 
made at all points at lowest rates. The exten- 
sive branch system of this bank enables it to offer 
exceptional facilities to its customers. 
Winnipeg Branch - GEO. BOWLES, Mgr. 


Established 1849 Capital and Surplus $1,500,000 

Offices throughout the civilized world. Correspondence Invited. 

OFFICES IN CANADA— Halifax. MS., Montreal Que., St. John, N.B , Hamilton.Ont.. 

Ottawa, Ont., Toronto, Out., London. Out., Quebec, Que , Vancouver, B C. 
C. G. SCHAFFTER, Superintendent, Union Bank Bldg., WINNIPEG, MAN. 






s- Js 





All Oak Bars Malleable Clevis, and other Modern Conveniences 


60-80-100-120 Tooth 






LK ROY FELLETIER, Special Correspondent 
of the New York Times, says :— " I went into the 
Klondike in 1897 taking my '• Blick." With me 
there were two other correspondents, they each 
taking one of the larger machines, neither of 
which could stand the rough usage. Thus my 
machine not only did my own work tint the work 
of my brother correspondents as well. In 1898 I 
was 1'resident of the Yukon Aiming Exchange, 
and the little " lUick." did all the work of the es- 
tablishment, which handled nearly all of the 
mining property that was transferred In Dawson 
that year. 1 refused $3uo.ou for the marhine. It 
has never been repaired durntjr-the four years 
which I have owned it." — — — *— - Why 
pay $l'J3.oo for a typewriter when I will sell you 
our No. 7 office machine for $5£.ot> or our No. 5 
I'm 1:1 1 ile and Office machine for $40.00? If you 
require a typewriter let me hear from yon. I 
can interest yon. 


When writing advertisers, kindly mention Canadian Farm Implements. 



Building Materials of every Description in 



Tell us all about your requirements 
and ask for our 1005 Catalog. 


246 Princess Street Winnipeg, Man. 

February, 1905. 



Furnished and 
Prices Quoted 


The Two Best 

in cAmetica 

the iMoney 

JOSEPH MAW & Co., Ltd., ^TFxIT 



Has been sold in the NorthwestTerritory for several years, long 
enough to demonstrate its superiority in all things necessary to 
a successful gang plow. 

The Beams are Extra Heavy for hard service. 

The Furrow Wheels have wine tires and enclosed dust-proof 
hub boxes with large oil chambers. 

The Front Wheel is 24 inches high and runs easy. 

The Jones Patent Connecting is the best device on the mar- 
ket for controlling the rear wheel. 

The Jones Foot Lift is out of sight, it lifts so easy. 

The Gas hardened Concave Face Plow Bottoms are the spe- 
cial feature — guaranteed to scorn and will wear 50 per cent, 
longer than any other plow. Why? Because the mouldboards 
are triple shin and the shares are double shin. 

FROST & WOOD CO., General Agents, 


J. THOMPSON & SONS MFG. CO., Beloit, Wis., U.S.A. 



Double Cylinder 


the easiest working 
°"MP on the market. 


It has two brass cylin- 

One side will balance the 

other. -» 
All you do is work the 


A five year old child 
can operate this Pump 
in a fifty-foot well. 

This Pump will dis- 
charge twice as much 
water as any other 
pump. It will take but 
half the time and labor 
to pump the water. 

Is this Pump durable? 

It certainly is. 
The Cylinders are solid 

The Pipe is all Galvan- 

The Rods are Steel Gal- 
It has no stuffing boxes 
. to wear out. 
You can attach hose. 
You can attach wind- 

This Pump is positively 

P. & 0. Canton 

Oxford Gang 

Railroad Plows 
Tiger Drills 
Land Packers 
Wheel Scrapers 
Drag Scrapers 
McKie Buggies 

A Full Line of Farm 
Machinery and 

W. Johnston & Co. 


776 Main Street, Winnipeg 


10 Years with 
Gasoline Engines 

Speut in building, erecting and selling, should enable us to choose 
a good one. We want an agent in every district to handle our 1 ^ 
h.p. air-cooled engines. In our experience we have never seen a 
better-designed small engine than this. It has all the features 

found in large engines of the best class. 

The^Ba21^0vernOT_ no other kind ever gives as good results. 

Vertical Valves — which do not wear the valve seats out of true 
— ^ — - as horizontal valves do. 

Cut-Out for Battery— this saves the life of the battery by 
— ^ automatically cutting out the current 

when the governor cuts out the charge on account of light 


Speed Changing — can ^ e d oue while engine is running. 

Fan Cooling - above the cylinder is a small fan, which forces a 
^— - blast of air on the cylinder head and valve boxes 

and cools them so successfully that it enables us to guar- 
antee these engines to run properly, under full load, in a 
closed, warm room, for any length of time. In our ex- 
perience we have never seen an air-cooled gasoline engine, 

without a fan, a success. 

We are furnishing a line of engines that run properly, stay sold 
and help you make more sales ; and we figure it out there is more 
profit in these \y z h.p. air-cooled engines than in any other you 
could handle. If you want an agency, write us for particulars. 
We also have all the larger sizes in Water-cooled Engines — Sta- 
tionary, Portable or Marine. 



501 Bannatyne Av., Winnipeg, Man. Tel. 3249. 

Vol. I, No. 2. 


Subscription Price i £<w Copy < 

Western Retail Implement Dealers Meet 

President — Jno. E. Menzies. 

Vice-President— F. Chapin. 

The seventh annual meeting of 
the Western Retail Implement 
Dealers' Association was held in 
Winnipeg on the 16th of February, 
with the President, John Menzies, 
of Minnedosa, in the chair. In 
the absence otf the Secretary- 
Treasurer, J. W. Helliwell, of Oak 
Lake, it was moved by L. Watson, 
seconded by H. C. McQuarrie, that 
F. D. Blakely be appointed Secre- 
tary-Treasurer pro tern. The 
acting- Secretary then read the 
minutes of the previous meeting as 
printed in Canadian Implement 
and Vehicle Trade. On the 
motion of R. Shore, seconded by 
H. C. McQuarrie, the minutes 
were adopted as read. 

The President then addressed the 
meeting and in the course of his 
remarks said that at a Directors 
meeting a committee had been 
appointed composed of four mem- 
bers who were empowered to act 
with regard to forming a Mutual 

Fire Insurance Company in con- 
nection with the Association. 
This Committee held a meeting at 
Portage la Prairie, that point 
being selected as it was the head- 
quarters of the Mutual Fire Insur- 
ance Co., of that place, and the 
lawyers being located there who 
drew up the constitution governing 
the above mentioned Company. 
Mr. Snyder, of this Company, gave 
the Committee a great deal of 
valuable information and assist- 

After due consideration the 
Committee sent all members of the 
Association the following letter: — 

Oak Lake, Man., 

March ist, 1904. 

Dear Sir, — • 

The Western Retail Implement 
Dealers' Association is seriously 
considering the advisability of 
forming a Fire Insurance Com- 
pany on Mutual lines similar to 
the Mutual companies now in ex- 

istence, for the purpose of reduc- 
ing the cost of fire protection to 
the retail dealer. 

\ The objects of the proposed 
company are to give adequate pro- 
tection at actual cost, thus saving 
to the policy holder the profits us- 
ually divided among the Stock 
Holders in Straight Line Com- 
panies and also to bind the Associa- 
tion together in mutual enterprise. 

■Realizing as the Association 
does that a large saving can be 
effected in insurance, this method 
of obtaining your opinion has been 
adopted and the object of this letter 
is to get a few expressions of 
opinion as to the advisability of 
forming a company. 

The plan will be to rate the risk 
as it is rated to-day, but instead of 
collecting the entire premium in 
cash, the insured will only be ask- 
ed for fifty per cent, and the bal- 
ance in the shape of a premium 
note upon which the directors may 

make an assessment in no case ex- 
ceeding the face value of the note. 

From actual statistics there is 
not the slightest doubt that a 
saving of 50% can be effected as 
soon as the company obtains a 
reasonable amount of business. 

The Association does not feel 
inclined to go on with the scheme 
unless the representative dealers 
throughout the Province show 
their interest in the scheme, and to 
do this you are asked to answer the 
following question, and upon the 
answer, the Association will decide 
whether or not to take action. 

An immediate reply will facili- 
tate the organization of the Com- 

Can we depend upon securing a 
portion of your Fire Insurance? 
Yours truly, 
W. J. Helliwell, Sec. 

Oak Lake. 
J. E. Menzies, President, 

This letter met with a very 
heart}- response, the committee re- 
ceiving some forty replies of a most 
encouraging nature. Your com- 
mittee then decided ' to have the 
lawyers at Portage la Prairie draw 
up the necessary papers upon 
which to apply for incorporation. 
The members decided that they in- 
dividually make the necessary, can- 
vas for the $50,000 subscribed in- 
surance which the Act requires be- 
fore a charter can be granted. A 
canvass was begun among the mem- 
bers of the Association for the in- 
surance. The several members 
seen promised insurance of a con- 
siderable amount, when through a 
lack of unity of action on the part 
of the committee the work was dis- 
continued. At the conclusion of 
the president's address the follow- 
ing motion was made by R. Snore, 
Hartney ; seconded by A. T. Hilts, 
Holmfield ; "that it is the voice of 
the Association that the action 
taken last year with regard to 
Mutual insurance is hereby en- 
dorsed, and that the work of organi- 
zation be continued to completion." 
The motion was unanimouslv car- 
ried. The election of officers for 
1905 resulted as follows: — Presi- 



February, 1905. 

dert, John Menzies, Minnedosa; 
Vice-President, F. Cliapin, I lart- 
ney ; Directors, Geo. Smith, Bran- 
don ; A. T. Hilts, Holmfield; W. 
Williams, Gladstone ; L. Watson, 
Morden; and S. Hunter, Miniota. 

The general meeting' then ad- 

director's meeting. 

A Directors' meeting took place 
at the close of the general meet- 
ing, at which F. D. Blakely, 
of Canadian Farm Implements, 
was appointed temporary secre- 
tary-treasurer and the following 
committee was appointed to pro- 
mote the Insurance Policy as 
adopted by the general meeting:— 
the President, W. Williams, Glad- 
stone ; L. Watson, Morden ; and 
the Secretary-Treasurer. The 
meeting then adjourned, subject to 
the call of the President. , 

The Source of Associations' 

There is no question but that the 
influence of the different Dealers' 
Associations are all for the good 
of the entire trade, and the follow- 
ing from The Farm Implement 
News, referring to the last meeting 
of the Kansas Association is to the 
point. It says : — 

"That the Western Retail Imple- 
ment and Vehicle Dealers' Associa- 
tion is a successful organization 
whose influence for the good of the 
trade is far reaching none will deny. 
Once a year these facts are shown 
by the great convention held in 
Kansas City. The reports of the 
officers and the discussions in which 
many dealers participate, disclose 
what has been accomplished by the 
organization. Not all is made pub- 
lic, for the reason that it is expe- 
dient to discuss certain features, of 
the association work in executive 
session, but enough is reported in 
the trade press to demonstrate that 
the organization has made itself 
practically indispensable to the re- 
tail implement and vehicle trade of 
the southwest. 

It is no disparagement to other 
associations to say that the Western 
is the most successful, for that as- 
sertion does not imply that it is the 
only successful organization in the 
implement trade. There is not an 
implement and vehicle association 
in existence that has failed to ac- 
complish some good for the trade 
in general and its members in par- 
ticular. All have been the means 
of exterminating certain trade evils. 
If the conventions attended by the 

writer each year may be accepted 
as a criterion, no implement and 
vehicle dealer who attends any of 
the annual meetings in his line can 
truthfully say that he receives no 
benefit therefrom, that he hears and 
sees nothing helpful to him in con- 
ducting his business. 

But in tangible benefits the West- 
ern seems to lead. Why? Why is 
it the most successful? Why do 
manufacturers regard its conven- 
tions as the most important and pay 
more attention to its demands in- 
volving violation of trade ethics? 
-Why does it accomplish more in 
every way than other associations? 
The men at the head of the Western 
are able and earnest workers, but 
other associations have leaders of 
equal ability and no less earnestness. 
Given equal support they would 
make their organizations the peer, 
perhaps the superior, of the West- 
ern. And here we discover the 
answer to the foregoing questions. 
The Western association is the most 
powerful organization in the imple- 
ment and vehicle trade because it 
has the largest membership. The 
latest report of the secretary shows 
a membership of nearly 1,500, while 
the report of last week's convention 
shows a maximum attendance of 
650. There are 206 counties in 
Kansas and 198 of them are repre- 
sented in the Western association. 
Every county in western and north- 
ern Missouri and twenty-four out 
of the twenty-six counties in Okla- 
homa are represented. The mem- 
bership covers 859 towns. It is a 
force to be reckoned with. But 
stronger associations may be built 
up in single states. Whether there 
will be or not is for the dealers 
therein to decide." 

The Cool, Level Head. 

You may be smart, sharp, 
shrewd, cunning, long-headed, you 
may be a good scholar, very clever 
— even brilliant — but are you 
sound? That is the question 
everybody who has a«y dealings 
with you will ask. Are you sub- 
stantial, solid? Have you a level 

Everywhere we see men who are 
very brilliant out of work, plenty 
of sharp men who wonder why 
they do not get responsible posi- 
tions, comments "Success." But 
people are afraid of these one- 
sided, poorly-balanced men. No- 
body feels safe in their hands. 
People want to feel that a man in 
a responsible position can keep a 
clear brain and level head no matter 

what comes, that he can not be 
shaken from his centre no matter 
how much influence is brought to 
bear upon him. They want to be 
sure that he is self -centered, that 
he is sound to the very core. Most 
people overestimate the value of 
education, of brilliance, sharpness, 
shrewdness, which they think can 
be substituted for a level-head and 
sound judgment. 

The great prizes of life do not 
fall to the most brilliant, to the 
cleverest, to the shrewdest, to the 
most long-headed, or to the best 
educated, but to the most level- 
headed men, to the men of the 
soundest judgment. When a man 
is wanted for a responsible posi- 
tion, his shrewdness is not con- 
sidered so jmportant as his sound 
judgment. Reliability is what is 
wanted. Can a man stand without 
being trapped ; and, if he is thrown, 
can he land upon his feet? Can 
he be depended upon, relied upon 
under all circumstances to do the 
right thing, the sensible thing? 
Has the man a level head? Has 
he good horse sense? Is he liable 
to fly off in a tangent or to "go off | 
half-cocked?" Is he "faddy?"! 
Has he "wheels in his head?" Does | 
he lose his temper easily, or can 

he control himself? If he can keep 
a level head under all circumstan- 
ces, if he can not be thrown off his 
balance, and is honest, he is the 
man wanted. 

Mr. Fjd. Burke, implement 
dealer at Gainsboro', Man., was in 
the city during "Bonspiel." 


Economical Power 

In sending out their last spec- 
ifications for gasoline engines 
' for West Point, the U. S. War 
Department required them "to be 
OLDS ENGINES or equal.' ' They 
excel all others, or the U. S. Gov- 
ernment would not demand them . 

They are the horizontal type, 2 to ICO 
H. P., and are so simply and perfectly 
made that it requires no experience to 
run them, and 

Repairs Practically Cost Nothin g 

Send for a catalogue of oar Wizard En- 
gine 2 to 8 H. P. 'jump spark igni- 
tion 8>ntem, name a« in the famous 
01dHmobile> the most economical 
small power engine made; fitted 
with either pump-jack or direct 
connected pumper our general 
catalogue showing all sizes. 
Olds ddsoline Fmjlne Worfcs, 
Lansing, Mich. 
Joseph Msw A Co., Lid. 

*\ innipre Apmti, 
WinnifWf . M»niiob». 

Bradley X Rays Foot-Lift Sulky 

A bov of ten years can handle it. Write today 

It Pays 



Foot-Lift Solky 

For it is a Plow that has been tried by 
the most exacting farmers and has 
given the best of SATISFACTION. 

It is a Frame Hitch Plow, High Lift, High Wheels, Wide 
Coulter Bearings, Patent Stop on Frame for beam to rest 
on, making the wheels carry all of the load, leaving no 
weight or friction on the bottoms. Perfect Foot-Lift — 
hands always free to handle team. Furnished with 
1000-mile Magazine Hubs and our celebrated ''Garden 
City Clipper" Bottom. 

We make a jull line of Farm Implements. The Bradley 
proposition is a paying one. Belter call on us or write 
to our Canadian Representative in Winnipeg. 


BRADLEY MFG. CO., Winnipeg, Man. 

McRae Building, cor. King and James Sts. 


Canadian Representative. 

Head Office and Factory 















February, 1905. 



Land Purchase in the Northwest 

Fuller details are to hand of the 
purchase of land in the Northwest 
by a United States syndicate from 
the Canadian Pacific Railway com- 
pany. Word was received at the 
head office of the Canadian Pacific 
Railway company in Montreal, on 
Dec 31, that negotiations had been 
closed by which an American syn- 
dicate purchases from the company 
54,000 acres just east of the city of 
Calgary. The land comprises that 
half of the block of 100,000 acres 
above the irrigation canal, set aside 
by the company for sale this year 
as being too high for irrigation 
purposes. Up to Dec. 31 about 
50,000 acres of this block had been 
disposed of to individuals, amount- 
ing to $250,000. In the meantime 
negotiations had been opened with 
the American syndicate of Beisek- 
er, Hoople, and Saver. Mr. Beise- 
ker is the president of seven differ- 
ent banks in Minnesota and Dako- 
ta, and one of the best known capi- 
talists in the western states. 

The transaction with this syndi- 
cate involved $250,000. The pur- 
chase of this syndicate is of special 
significance in view of the fact that 
Beiseker, Hoople and Sayer was 
the first of the American syndicates 
to come into Western Canada with 
the intention of purchasing large 
blocks of land and colonizing them. 
This firm two years ago secured 
some 300,000 acres from the com- 
pany along the Soo line, between 
Milestone and Weyburn,, and to- 
day that is one of the most thick- 
lv settled portions of Eastern 
Assiniboia. They made a specialty 
of colonizing these blocks with the 
best farmers of the western states. 

The syndicate has an elaborate 
system of agencies throughout 
these states, contributing to the 
movement into Canada, and they 
utilize these forces in settling these 
blocks. They propose to do the 
same thing near the block of land 
just secured near Calgary. This 
is the first big step in the coloniz- 
ing of the lands- in the irrigation 
block. They will put farmers on 
these lands who will produce large- 
ly winter wheat and other grains. 
The plan of the big syndicate in- 
volves the location of hundreds of 
families adjacent to the city of Cal- 

Increased Capital. 

The Frost & Wood Co., of 
Smith's Falls, Ont, has increased 
its capital stock to $2,500,000. 

Gas Engine Theory and Practice. 

Readers of the American Mach- 
inist have long been interested and 
have profited by the articles over 
the name of W. Osborne. Occas- 
sionally he starts with a statement 
of apparent truth and leading to- 
ward a certain conclusion. Next 
follows a story which shows how 
completely wrong was your ac- 
quiescent acceptance of the inten- 
tionally doubtful statement with 
which he started out. The regular 
reader of W. Osborne finally comes 
to the state of accepting no initial 
statements, but waiting until the 
end to see where the argument 
leads. And as a rule, the conclu- 
sions arrived at are sound and sen- 

In a recent talk on gas engines 
he makes the following remarks: 

The theory of the gas engine 
seems very simple. It is only neces- 
sary to draw in a mixture of gas 
and air, compress it somewhat, ex- 
plode it, let it expend (doing work 
while it is expanding), exhaust it 
and repeat the series. Certainly, 
certainly. That is very simple ; 
anyone can understand that. 

For all of its simplicity it seemed 
wonderful when finally, after hard 
and continuous pulling on the fly- 
wheels, that first engine did con- 
sent to make a few revolutions. 
There were several wonderful 
things about it. It seemed won- 
derful that it would run at 
all. It seemed wonderful the 
way it would refuse to run 
at all. It seemed wonderful that 
having started to run nicely it 
would not run forever if it was not 
stopped. In looking back it seems 
wonderful to think of the number 
of now simple things, that we did 
not know about that engine. 

As I held a position where I was 
to an extent responsible for the 
making and running of these first 
oil country gas engines, I can give 
you at first hand some of the ex- 
periences of a corporal of indus- 

Most mechanics who don't give 
up and get drunk when things go 
wrong, try to think of something 
to do when they get into trouble 
that will get them out, and I tried 
to think out that gas engine. 

In the first place, there must be 
some relation between the volumes 
of gas and of air. They must be 
gotten into the cylinder. They 
must be kept in. They must be 
compressed. They must be ig- 
nited. They must be gotten 
j out. This engine ignited with a 

hot tube, and it must be heated, 
and kept hot. After some particu- 
larly mysterious and vexatious de- 
velopment with the engine, the 
theory would be gone over and 
over, but I always seemed to get 
back to the same place, and then 
I would try to think which of these 
conditions it was that I was not 

One of the most common offen- 
ces of this new prime mover was 
its habit of stopping. Sometimes 
it stopped from one cause and 
sometimes from another, and very, 
very often it seemed to stop from 
just no cause at all. And in start- 
ing it seemed to be as unreasonable, 
for sometimes it would start at the 
first trial, and sometimes hours of 
effort did not get it going, nor dis- 
cover why it would not go. To 
add to the perplexity it would fre- 
quently happen that after every 
one had been worn out trying to 
get it started and would go away 
and leave it for awhile it would 
start very readily. No amount of 
reasoning would convince some of 
the first users of the gas engines in 
this section that they were not like 
human beings, with their likes and 
dislikes, with their liking for being 
coaxed, and their dislike for being 
driven, and indeed the reasoning 
by which the possession of these 
qualities was proven was often 
very logical, in view of the way 
they behaved. 

While it was not very easy to 
decide why an engine would start 
up and run one day and positively 
refuse to do it another, it was not 
much easier, in those days, to de- 
cide why it started for different 
people who had widely different 

ways of coaxing it. There were 
two valves on the engine and one 
man would tell you that when his 
engine "balked" he could always 
start it by taking down the largest 
of these valves, wiping it off and 
replacing it. Another man would 
tell you that the small valve was 
the one to take down, while still 
another one would let you into the 
secret that the oil on the piston 
head got sort of stale and by pul- 
ling the piston head out and clean- 
ing the old oil off and putting on 
some new the engine would just 
be "-lad to run. 

Whatever one might think of 
the reasoning, still the fact remain- 
ed that some of these men were 
able to keep the engines going 
without much trouble, while others 
were wearing themselves and us in 
the shop all out. 

One day an elderly man, who 
was quite badly crippled up, came 
to the shop. He was running one 
of the engines and had been quite 
successful where a much younger 
and stronger man had failed and 
abandoned the job. In answer to 
a query as to whether he ever had 
any trouble, he replied that he occa- 
sionally had, but not very often. 

"When you do have trouble what 
do you do?" 

"I go and sit down on a nail keg, 
and stay there for twenty minutes." 

That was a remedy that would 
appeal to lots of men. It was 
easier than pulling out a head or 
; taking down a valve. I wanted 
! to know all about it. Perhaps it 
would pay us to furnish a nail keg 
as part of the outfit of the engine. 

"I don't suppose it would be safe 
to sit on a box, would it?" I ven- 



^ "20 Lo "B Distance *§> 

l_omto.»r-d <^ jW^ ^f#|^fe Telephone <ig> 

^ Street V ^lC 193 ° *§> 


|P Lubricating Oils and Greases, Leather, Rubber and Canvas 

Jj* Belting, Hose, Lace Leather, Brass Goods. Steam Fittings, jj[ 

v Ready Roofing, Engine Fittings, and Specialties for the 

Thresher and Mill Man, Feed Mills, Air Cooled Gasoline *$> 

Engines, Oil Pumps, Steam Pumps, Gaskets, Boiler Flues, *jg> 

Babbit, Solder, Emery Wheels. ^ 


'yfi Write for our Catalogue and Trade Discounts. 



February, 1905. 

tured. "If you should move 
around on the lease, do you sup- 
pose the 'engine > would mind it 
much ?*' 

"I happened to have the nail keg 
to sit on, and if I go out on the 
lease I am apt to get busy about 
something and stay much longer 
than the twenty minutes, and after 
all of my experimenting that is 
about the least time that it takes 
her to get over one of her fits. I 
have to handle her just right to 
have her do it in that time." 

Here was a man worth learning 
from, and I kept him going and 
found that he pulled the wheels 
around to a certain position. 

"There is one thing certain. 
When she gets mad about some- 
thing and stops before I stop her, 
I will have to do a job of petting 
and coaxing before I can do any- 
thing with her. Just like a woman 
for all the world. She never re- 
fuses to start in the morning when 
I first start up." 

These three things, being hard 
to start after having stopped, being 
moved to a certain position, letting 
stand for twenty minutes, let some 
light into my head, and after the 
man had gone I went down to an 
engine that was running on the 

testing block and turned off the 
gas gradually until it shut dow n. 
Calling some help, we tried to start 
it without success. Moving it to 
the described position (which was 

j with the exhaust valve wide open) 

1 it was left for some time. At the 
next trial it started without trouble. 

It was then shut down in the 
same way as it had been before, 
and with the gas shut tightly off 
it was moved back and forth 
several times, and then it was tried 

1 again and started without trouble. 

( The experiment was tried several 
times, always with success, and the 
mystery was solved. 

j How simple it is now that we 
know all about it, and what a lot 
cf backaches and profanity was 
scattered around before we found 
out, and all because we did not 
know that the cylinder was full of 
gas while we needed gas and air 
to get an explosion. 

It will be readily seen that when 
an engine is stopped by turning 
the gas off it makes several revolu- 
tions before coming to a stop and 
durin^ this time it is drawing in 
air alone. When the gas is turned 
on to start, it is diluted with the 
air already in the cylinder, as well 
as by the air being drawn in with 

it. When there is gas in the cylin- 
der instead of air, it is not much 
wonder that things don't go. 

A man may have a cylinder full 
of air to start with, but by not get- 
ting the gas adjusted right he may 
pull in several charges and not get 
started,' and by this means get a 
mixture too rich to ignite, and the 
remedy is the same. 

A Great Dam. 

The closing of the immense 
gates and the Hooding of the sites 
of a half dozen abandoned to\v:is 
in northern West Chester attracted 
many people desiring to witness 
the beginning of the inundation 
which is to change the country and 
cover their former homesteads an 1 
old landmarks. The dam will sup- 
ply both the city of Xew York a»4 
Sing Sing prison with water. ' 

The new Cernell dam, near Cro- 
ton-on-Hudson, in West Chester 
county, the largest piece of mason- 
ry in the world except the pyra- 
mids of Egypt, is practically com- 
plete after ten years of labor and 
expenditure of nine million dollars, 
says the W orld. The flood gates 
were shut down for the first time 
on the last day of January, and it 
began filling with water. It is es- 
timated by the engineer* that it will 
require about two years for the 
dam to fill. When the water reach- 
es the base of its coping, it will 
make a lake 16 miles long. 

For the first year Xew York's 
principal supply of water will 
come from 1 he overflow of 
the old Croton dam. The old 
dam will then be flooded and the 
water will rise thirty feet above 
it. The new dam will hold 30,000,- 
000,000 gallons of water. 

Grandma's Berry Pie. 

I like to go to grandma's when vacatio* 

days come round, 
She lets me play out in the hay and r»M 

upon the ground; 
She's good to little boys like me, and giT->» 

'em lots to eat, 
And says she doesn't mind if a fellow's tooth 

is sweet. 

Her things are always "home-made," and 

they're better than you buy. 
You ought to taste, for instance, some of 

grandma's berry pie. 

She keeps it in the pantry, 'way up on the 

second shelf. 
And when you're good she tells you, you 

can go and help yourself ; 
I climb up on the barrel and cut a Meat 

big slice. 

And when the red juice oozes out, my ! does- 
n't it look nice? 

I try to mind my p's and q's, as grandma 
says I should. 

If your reward is berry pie, it pays you to 
be good. 

Some days I go a-fishin' in McMurray's pool 

for pike. 

And grandma fills my dinner-pail with 

things she knows I like ; 
I bait my hook and throw It in and watch. 

till by and by 
I seem to grow raal hungry for a piece of 

berry pie, 

And as I sit upm the bank and wait and 
wait and wait. 

I wonder if the fish would bite with grand- 
ma's Die for bait. 

The New J. I. Case Triumph Gang Plow 

This plow has all the 
latest improvements, 
including Foot Lift, 
and is one of the many 
good implements sold 





Offices - 

yj? yj? ^5? vj? /J? 

February, 1905. 


Selling Cream Separators. 

There are many little turns in 
the way cream separators are sold 
and very much depends upon the 
local agent in making sales, in fact 
he is the man to make the sales in 
his community, though frequently 
he may need some help from the 
travelling man to load on what he 
has skidded up. 

Many local men want a great 
deal of help in this way and many 
never look to make a sale unless 
they have the travelling man with 
them. This is a serious mistake 
as many good sales are lost pend- 
ing the arrival of the travelling 
man, who cannot be everywhere 
at once. In the meantime, the 
prospective purchaser may have 
changed his mind or some other 
agent may have got in ahead, etc., 
and so a good sale, or possibly a 
number of good sales are lost, for, 
as a rule, one satisfactory sale of 
a separator in a district is a open- 
ing for other sales. A pleased 
customer is one of the best adver- 
tisements for any kind of goods. 
Many more cream separator sales 
would be made if the local agent 
would get the names of his pros- 
pective purchasers, then get his 
machines in stock, and when the 
proper time comes get the machines 
placed with the customer, then 
notify the travelling man that so 
many machines have been placed 
and that it is likely some help will 
be needed. Give him a few days 
notice, so tjhat he can arrange his 
programme to get round and give 
any help that may be necesary, in 
closing sales. When a separator 
works right it does not require 
very much persuasion on the part 

of the agent to convince the farm- 
er that he needs the machine. The 
farmer who milks cows certainly 
does need a separator. There is no 
question about that and a few days 
trial of a machine will soon per- 
suade him to that way of thinking. 


Keep out of contests. Many of 
them are fakes and prove to be so 
before the whole matter is threshed 
out. L'p to the present time no 
contest has been of any value, 
either to the manufacturer or to 
the farmers who use the machine. 
Contests only succeed in bewild- 
ering. The other fellow may 
make a bluff at you for a contest 
and the best way to meet his offer 
is to wager so much money on your 
machine that you scare him out. 
This would only cause a slight 
feeling of animosity on the part of 
the bluffer but it would not 
create an ill feeling in a whole 
community as contests generally 
do. As we have said, contests 
prove nothing. Any cream sep- 
arator is better than none, and all 
do about equally good work. Sell 
the machine that will run easily 
and be a durable one. 


It is not advisable to offer for 
sale machines of small capacity. 
The larger the capacity of the 
seoarator the quicker the work can 
be done. The capacity of a ma- 
chine is determined by the amount 
of milk it will skim in an hour. 
Verv few farmers want to spend 
an hour twice every day in skim- 
ming milk nor have they the time 
In do it, hence it is important that 
they have a machine of large 
enough capacity to do the work 



Mr. Dealer 

WE are now making contracts for^the season's 
output of 


If our machine is not represented in your district 
write us AT ONCE. 

Remember, we stock Galvanized Iron (Double- 
Cylinder Pumps,! Wood Pumps, Wheelbarrows, Rub- 
ber Belting, Hose. Let us know your 'requirements. 











quickly at each skimming. Let 
us go into a little reckoning here 
to see which is the cheapest ma- 
chine for a farmer to buy. 

Suppose that a farmer has ten 
cows giving two hundred lbs. of 
milk and he has a separator of two 
hundred lbs. capacity. A ma- 1 
chine of this capacity would take 
one hour to skim two hundred lbs. 
of milk. Its price is say fifty dol- 
lars. Now the farmer's time is 
worth something on the farm, say 
thirty cents an hour. With a ma- 
chine of two hundred lbs. capacity 
he would expend thirty cents 
worth of labor twice a day, which i 
would be sixty cents for three j 
hundred days, (the milking period 
on the majority of farms), or 
$180.00 for labor each year. Now 
adding the cost of the machine to 
the labor we have a total cost of 
$230.00. Now let us take a ma- 
chine that will do the work in from 
ten to fifteen minutes which would 
cost about $100.00. By using a 
machine of this kind the cost of 
labor is reduced to about one-tenth 
of what it would be with a small 
machine. This should convince 
any farmer that the larger separa- 
tor is the more paying investment. 
The small machine, as a rule, does 
not give the same satisfaction as 

the larger one, consequently the 
farmer will not be as well satisfied 
as he would be, had he an efficient 
separator of large capacity. Ma- 
chines of larger capacity do better 
work and are more durable in 
every way and cause less trouble 
in adjusting and keeping in order. 


Get all settlements made at the 
earliest possible date, whether it 
be cash or promissory notes. A 
cream separator always gives bet- 
ter satisfaction when the farmer 
himself possesses the full owner- 
ship. We do not know of a case 
where the farmer has not "got the 
best" when it all belongs to him, 
and there is no lien on it. Never 
run down the opposition agent's 
machine ; talk up the good points 
of the machine you are selling and 
you will have enough to say w ith- 
out disparaging another machine. 
All separators have some good 
points, some more than others, but 
the machine you are selling is the 
best on the market every time, or 
you would not be handling it. A 
farmer wants a machine "some 
day." It is up to you to convince 
him that the day has arrived when 
you and your separator reach his 


Good Harness 

And for this write to 

The Great West Saddlery Co. 

Winnipeg, Man., or Calgary, Alta., for their latest Illustrated Catalogue. 

£ De L a Val Separators 

Are Independent 

Vlill* Temperatures 

Cold milk puts the other kind "up 
against it " but the perfection of the 
"Alpha Disc" and 'Split Wing"— the world- 
famous De Lava 1. skimming device,— enables 
De Lavat, Separators to handle milk 
at low temperatures without loss in the skim 
milk and clogging of cream in the bowl. 
Over 600,000 in use — more' than ten times all 
other makes combined. 




248 McDermot Ave. Winnipeg, Man. 

Montreal NewYork Philadelphia Toronto Chicago San Francisco 



February, 1905. 


Owing to the light snowfall this 
winter the trade in sleighs and cut- 
ters has been short. Almost every 
dealer in the city has a large stock 
on hand. 

The McCallum Pulverizer is 
much in evidence this winter. The 
trade for this implement has been 
fairly brisk. 

The Massey-Harris Co. are add- 
ing a cream separator to their other 
various lines. No doubt they have 
made a careful selection and will 
undoubtedly capture a share of the 
ever-growing trade in cream sep- 

The Brandon City Council are 
advertising for tenders for a large 
quantity of vitrified sewer pipe and 
Portland cement. It is the inten- 
tion of the Council to lay several 
miles of sewers, waterworks, and 
granolithic sidewalks during the 
coming - summer. 

The annual stock show will be 
held here on the 2nd, 3rd and 4th 
of March. The large implement 
warehouse of Messrs. McLeod & 
Hanley will be used as a lecture 
room and judging ring. Among 
the agriculturists of note who will 
address these meetings are the fol- 
lowing names : — Prof. Grisdale, 

Ottawa; W. J. Black, Deputy 
Minister of Agriculture for Mani- 
toba; C. D. McGillivray, Bins- 
earth,; Dr. A. G. Hopkins, Farmers' 
Advocate ; A. P. Ketchen, Xor"- 
\\ est Farmer, and G. H. Greig. 

Mr. W. J. McClement, late Supt. 
of the Brandon Machine Works 
Co., who severed his connection 
with that concern the first of 
December. 1904, has entered into 
partnership with Mr. Jas. Shirriff 
in the operation of a machine repair 
shop. They have purchased the 
property of P. McKenzie & Co., on 
Sixth Street, and have installed an 
up-to-date equipment for the repair- 
ing of machines of all kinds. The 
concern will be known as the Re- 
liance Machine Co. As the com- 
pany will only require the rear part 
of the building, they have rented 
the front shop to Mr. Jas. Ander- 
son, who will do general black- 
smithing. He will continue the 
business built up by Messrs. Mc- 
Kenzie & Co. 

The Brandon Machine Works 
Co., Ltd.. held their annual stock- 
holders' meeting on the 8th of Feb- 
ruary. They elected the same 
Directors that held office during 
1004. as follows: Dr. McDiarmid. 
D. A. Hopper. D. H. Scott. D. 

Watson, R. M. Matheson, E. 
Evans and E. Johnson. The report 
brought down was a most favorable 
one showing a most prosperous year 
for the Company. A dividend of 
r 1 % was declared of which 6% 
was declared a cash dividend, the 
other 5% going to Rest account. 
The company are now prepared to 
manufacture gasoline engines, of 
various sizes and for different pur- 
poses. If they are successful in 
placing a modern and up-to-date 
engine in the market, and we have 
no doubt but that they will be. 
they have a wide and lucrative field 
before them. We will watch closely 
the result of this enterprise. 

The growth that Brandon has 
made during the past year is mar- 
vellous and as it is largely an agri- 
cultural city its success is indica- 
tive of the prosperity of the farm- 
ers in the surrounding country. 
Last season they harvested on an 
average 17 bushels to the acre, 
for which they received 90c. per 
bushel and better. In view of 
these prevailing conditions, the im- 
plement dealers of Brandon are 
preparing for a large trade during 
the coming season. There is everv 
indication that the competition in 
this spring's drill trade will be the 

keenest for many years. This is 
evidenced by the fact that Messrs. 
Smith & Inglis have imported 
three cars of Kentucky drills, that 
Messrs. McLeod & Hanley have 
a large stock of Dowagiac, and be- 
cause the Sylvester, Cockshutt and 
Massey-Harris Co.'s are all push- 
ing this class of implement. 

First Annual Dinner. 

The Winnipeg Branch of the 
Ontario Wind Engine and Pump 
Co., held their first annual dinner 
at the Empire Hotel on the t6th 
inst., when the manager, travellers, 
office staff, and several friends sat 
down around the festive board. 
After partaking of a splendid menu 
provided by the hotel management, 
the participants spent the evening 
in speech and song. The work of 
the past year was carefully review- 
ed and suggestions made with re- 
gard to this year's trade. Those 
present were exceedingly well satis- 
fied with the favorable report given 
and advocated that the present 
liberal policy of the company be 
maintained during the coming sea- 

! son. Among those present were J. 
M. Reid, manager ; H. P. Hansen. 
C. W. Northcott, R. Nicklin. J. P. 
Murphy, O. Chapman, J. R. Duffis. 

! R. H. Reid, R. G. McKay, J. M. 
Coates and others. 

! Genuine T.G.Mandt Wagons ! 

Qfl^fl^flBHBBBB Will get you the Wagon Trade and make you money. Every one sold SfliOTHBi^l 

Wt^T A makes other sales for you. Every one sold makes a satisfied customer a 

Get Our Catalogue 





GET THE AGENCY NOW i©r Wagon that satisfies and 

- sells at sight. Our line includes 
many good things — the Man (it is one of them. 

The Best Ironed. 


Most Complete 
Wagon made 

The best material is 
used in their construc- 
tion and the tires don't 
fall off after a few 
months' use, as often 
happens with imitations 

Winnipeg Canadian Moline Plow Co. Manitoba 

February, 1905. 



Mr. Latimer, traveller for Cock- 
shutt Plow Co., went to Winnipeg 
to attend the "Bonspiel." 

H. W. White, Alberta, repre- 
sentative of Canadian Moline Plow 
Co., went to Winnipeg- for the 
" 1 Junspiel." 

Masse\ -Harris Co. have given 
up the agency of Grey & Son's 
buggies and intend devoting their 
full time to their own line. 

W. G. Hunt, Manager of Mas- 
sey-Harris Co., Ltd., went to Innis- 
fail the other day to arrange for 
the enlargement and general im- 
provement of the Company's ware- 
house at that point. 

John Minhinnick, general agent 
for Frost & Wood Co., Ltd., went 
East for the Winnipeg "Bonspiel." 

R. S. Morrison, who has been 
acting agent for Massey-Harris Co. 
at Medicine Hat, has returned to 

Mr. McCammond, collector for 
Alberta for the Case Thresher Co., 
has just returned from a trip up 
North. He reports collections very 
hard and money scarce. 

Mr. Heiss has left the J. I. Case 
Company to join the Edmonton 
Electric Co. 

G. W. Case, representing the 
American Seeding Machines Co., 
paid this town a short call recently. 
He reports a steady increase in the 
demand for press drills. 

J. E. Green, formerly local agent 
of Massey-Harris Co., at Strath- 
cona, has joined the staff of J. I. 
Case & Co., as travelling salesman. 
Mr. Green is one of the best thresh- 
er machine experts in the West. 

Macdougall & Secord, of Edmon- 
ton, report collections worse this 
season than any year since 1895. 

The extremely cold weather of 
the last two weeks of January and 
first two weeks of February has 
been very hard on the range stock. 
It is estimated that the shrinkage 
will be greater this year than for 
many previous years. This is very 
■discouraging as a large proportion 
of the stock is carried over and will 
be unsaleable until away on into 
the summer. While the loss to the 
merchant is heavy, that of the stock 
raiser is greater. 

Mr. Russell, of Racine, Wis., 
Sales Manager for the Northwest- 
ern States, Manitoba and the Terri- 
tories, for the J. I. Case Thresher 
Co., was in Calgary recently. He 
called a general meeting of the Case 
Co. travellers to discuss prevailing 
conditions and future prospects. 

James Herring, one of the lead- 
ing travellers for Massey-Harrfs 
Co., has just returned from 
a trip to the factories at Toronto, 
Brantford and Woodstock. 

J. J. McGuire, representing Wm. 
Grey & Sons, buggy makers of 
Chatham, Ont., was in town for a 
few days recently. He has ar- 
ranged with W. H. Lee, carriage 
maker, to handle their line of 

T. J. Morris, Manager of the In- 
ternational Harvester Co., made a 
flying visit to Chicago, returning 
the early part of February. 

George Hinchley, Manager for 
the Waterloo Engine Works, for 
Northwestern Canada, was in town 
the other day and went North. He 
reports collections poor. 

Owing to the conditions of col- 
lections several farm implement 
concerns have received instructions 
to sell less, and collect more during 
the coming Reason. 

The importance of Calgary as a 
centre has been again demonstrated 
by the Case Thresher Co. establish- 
ing a branch office here. Mr. J. S. 
Witmer will have charge. 

Boring for Oil. 

Recently there was unloaded at 
Pincher Creek, Alberta, a standard 
oil boring rig of the heaviest type 
made. It is capable of boring a 
12-inch hole to a depth of 3,500 
feet. This is the first rig of the 
type to be installed in western 
Canada. It will be transferred by 
wagon to the South Kootenay Pass 
and will be used in the oil fields 

The Woman Saw It. 

Mr. and Mrs Ferguson were 
passengers in an elevated train. 

It whizzed past a house that was 
brilliantly lighted. 

"I wonder what was going on 
there," ejaculated Mr. Ferguson. 

"It was a wedding," replied his 
wife. "Didn't you see them stand- 
ing before the preacher? He was 
in a white gown. The groom was 
in full evening suit. The bride 
wore a robe of chiffon cloth with 
bertha and yoke of duchesse lace 
on the bodice and lace flounce on 
the skirt. She had a full length 
tulle veil and carried a bouquet of 
lilies of the valley. Where were 
your eyes?" 

Mr. Ferguson, realizing his utter 
worthlessness, resumed the reading 
of his paper and said nothing. 

Ape You Making Money? 


And all Implements bearing 

"The Flying Dutchman" 

Trade Mark 
will make you money. 

Our contract carries with it many good things, among which 


The Good-Enough 
Sulky Plow 

Sold with breaker or stubble 
bottom. The best plow on 
earth for the money. Buy the 
original "Good-Enough." 

The Best- Ever ^ ias won a p^ ace * n tne Dutchman fam- 

1^ i*ml r\ ^ ' It has man}' superior features ; does 

Foot- lift Gang gra nd work 


" Best-Ever" Foot-lift Gang Plow. 

Our terms are reasonable. Prices ri^kt. 
Your Correspondence Solicited. 

Canadian Moline Plow Co. 

Winnipeg, Manitoba 



February, 1905. 



Published each month by 

Canadian farm Implements, Cut. 

901-2 Union Bank Building, 
Winnipeg, Man., Canada. 
Phone 518. 

Single copies Five Cents. Fifty Cents per year. 
(Postage Paid Anywhere.; 

Rates Made Known on Application. 
Change cf Copy for Advertisements should reach 
this office not later than the 15th of each 
month — Cuts and Copy for New Adver- 
tisements can be received as late as 
the 20th of each month. 

This paper does not undertake to endorse 
opinions that may be expressed in its corres- 
pondence columns. 

F. D. Blakei.y - President and Manager. 
P. G. Van Vleet - - Vice-President 

Eastern Office : 
1 Wellington St. W., Toronto, Ont. 
Chicago Office 
Room 818 Hartford Building. 
A. S. Cork ... Representative. 



Having paid a visit to most of 
the agricultural implement and 
vehicle dealers recently we have in- 
variably asked, "How have col- 
lections been?" The reply gener- 
erally comes, "Not up to t)he aver- 
age," and there appears to be a 
general complaint that the farmers 
of Manitoba and the North West 
Territories have not met their obli- 
gations as promptly nor to the 
same extent as they have in pre- 
vious years. Again the question 
arises, "How is it that farmers are 
behind When they have had such 
splendid crops and g«od prices 
during the last few years?" To 
that we get the same old reply, the 
same old story, nothing new, but 
that the farmers are speculating 
in the purchase of land, much to 
the detriment of the turning of the 
wheels of commerce. 

The farmers of Canada have, for 
many years, largely been carried 
upon the financial backs of the 
manufacturers of agricultural im- 
plements and vehicles, so much so 
that the investments they have in 
the Northwest have been accumu- 
lating much faster than they 
should. The gravity of the situa- 
tion, from the information we 
have, and to our way of thinking:, 
is becoming stringent and perhaps 
getting to the danger point, par- 

ticularly so in the event of a bad 
crop being experienced this coming 

This not only applies, as far as 
we can learn, to the indebtedness 
of the farmer to the implement and 
vehicle man, but to almost all 
classes of trade. Having come in 
contact with travellers and mana- 
gers of large wholesale houses we 
find the same cry that "collections 
have been poor." Retailers, too, 
are complaining and it all leads 
back to the fact that farmers are 
buying too much land, much be- 
yond their capabilities to comfort- 
ably finance. If manufacturers, 
wholesalers and retailers traded in 
the same ratio beyond their capital, 
securing credit wherever they 
could get it. disaster would follow 
very rapidly in their wake. 

We are not writing in a pessi- 
mistic tone, because we are just as 
optimistic as the farmer and every- 
body else, in the great development 
and resources of our great country, 
but it behooves all of us to be care- 
ful and keep within reasonable 
bounds of our income. We would 
regret if we should say anything 
in this article that might discour- 
age the farmer in acquiring land. 
They are the legitimate ones into 
whose hands the farming lands 
should fall and not into the hands 
of the large corporations and specu- 
lators, for unless the lands are pur- 
chased by those who are willing 
and intend to work them and obtain 
therefrom the products of the soil, 
w e cannot expect to get revenue 
from them. We know of the great 
and natural desire on the part of 
the average farmer to provide 
farms and lands for his children, 
and also that he must acquire such 
land before it becomes too greatly 
enhanced in value and absolutely 
beyond his power to purchase, but 
at the same time, he should not 
make these purchases to the detri- 
ment of his creditors who have been 
so willing to give him credit for the 
necessary articles for the working 
of his farm, and the maintenance of 
his family. 

We are inclined to think, from 
what we can learn among our circle 
of business associates, whose inter- 
ests are largely with the farmers, 
that it would be to the farmer's 
own benefit to pay greater atten- 
tion to the liquidating of his in- 
debtedness, which, in many cases, 
is long- past due, and that he should 
rot purchase more land than he can 
reasonably finance for. 

We believe that we are quite 
correct in saying that everybody 

who does business with the farm- 
ers are willing to help them in every 
possible way, in extending to them 
every reasonable credit that their 
own financial resources will admit 
of, and the great question arises in 
our mind whether this credit has 
not been given to the farmers much 
to the prejudice of their own finan- 
cial interests, whereby they are 
financing a greater and much 
heavier load than they should be 
expected to do with the capital they 
have invested in their business, thus 
enabling them to speculate and 
make land purchases while they 
are financially unable to meet their 
obligations to the store-keeper, the 
implement and vehicle dealers, the 
loan companies and the banks. 

Far be it 'from us to raise the 
cry of "wolf," but we think the 
time has now arrived when it is 
w ise to be cautious and not over- 
trade. The farmer, and the same 
principle is annlicable to others, by 
over-trading and too much specu- 
lating may lose in a moment, not 
only the new land, bought with his 
hard earned money, but the old 
homestead for which he and his 
family have labored and striven for 
so long, looking forward to it as 
the place where they could live in 
comfort during their declining 


A. T. Hilts, Holmfield, was a 
visitor to the citv during the 

J. A. Stirling, Massey-Harris 
agent at Souris, visited the city for 
a couple of days recently. 

James D. Neelin, of Portage la 
Prairie, another implement man, 
gave us a call during "Bonspiel." 

Mr. John Smith, of Gray & 
Smith, implement dealers at Qu- 
Appelle, Assa., was in the city for 
a' few days during "Bonspiel." 

T. H. Downey, General Agent 
on the Morris-Brandon branch for 
the Massey-Harris Co., spent a day 
or two in the city a short time ago. 

Mr. S. Hunter, of Hunter & Co., 
Miniota, was in the city during 
"Bonspiel." While here he paid 
us a short visit. Mrs. Hunter ac- 
companied him. 

John F. Walker, Drayton, O., 
passed through the city a few days 
ago on his way to Portage la 
Prairie in the interests of the J. I. 
Case Co. 

Mr. J. S. Kimball, bookkeeper 
in the Winnipeg office of the Inter- 
national Harvester Co., went to 

Minneapolis recently for the pur- 
pose of undergoing an operation 
for appendicitis. 

Mr. C. A. Davis, one of the old- 
time implement men, for a number 
of years connected with the Mc- 
Cormick company and Internation- 
al Harvester Co. in the Canadian 
trade, is now representing the 
Canadian Cordage and Mfg. Co., 
of Peterboro , Ont., with head- 
quarters at Chicago. 

John M. Irwin, Superintendent 
of Agencies for the Stover Mfg. 
Co., of Freeport, 111., was a visitor 
to the city during Bonspiel. Mr. 
Trwin, who is a vey extensive trav- 
eller, has during the past year vis- 
ited Australia, New Zealand, and 
several European countries, com- 
ing direct from London, Eng., to 
this city. 

Mr. J. M. Reid, Western Mana- 
ger of the Ontario Wind Engine 
and Pump Co., recently left for the 
home office of the Company at 
Toronto, where he will attend the 
annual meeting. He will be absent 
about three weeks and during his 
trip will visit Chicago, St. Paul and 
other cities of the South. 

J. L. Irving, trade manager of 
the Moline Plow Co., with head- 
quarters at Moline, 111., was in 
Winnipeg for a couple of days 
during "Bonspiel." Mr. Irving 
has made several trips to this city 
in order to meet the dealers and 
become closer in touch with their 
requirements. He expressed sur- 
prise in the great number of im- 
provements made here within the 
past year. 

Mr. J. A. Morcombe, of Cypress 
River, was in taking part in the 
"Bonspeil" and while here gave us 
a call. Mr. Morcombe was one of 
the team that succeeded in winning 
the cup presented by the Lieu- 
tenant-Governor. He is a steady, 
cautious exponent of the "roarin' 
game" and in no small measure 
contributed to the success attained 
by them. He is the agent for the 
Fairchild Co.'s line of goods and 
Deering binders. 

J. R. Trumpour, the veteran im- 
plement dealer of Alameda, Assa., 
gave us a call during "Bonspiel." 
He handles the Frost & Wood line 
of goods and reports that the vol- 
ume of business of last year was 
very good but collections rather 
slow, largely owing to the fact that 
many farmers are holding large 
land interests, on which they had 
to meet payments, with the result 
that other accounts were left un- 

February, 1905. 



Mr. James Dow, of Stratford, 
Ont., has been appointed by the 
Deere & Mansur Co., of Moline, 
111., as their general sales agent for 
Canada. It is understood that this 
company have practically complet- 
ed arrangements for the manufac- 
ture of their hay loader in Canada 
and in this way protect their pat- 
ent rights. It is stated that they 
will be in a position to look after 
the coming season's business from 
their new factory. 

Mr. R. J. Helliwell, of W. J. 
Helliwell & Son, Oak Lake, was 
in the city during "Bonspiel." In 
speaking of the general business 
in his territory during the past sea- 
son, Mr. Helliwell stated that con- 
ditions were fairly good but that 
collections had been slow. He 
attributes this largely to the fact 
of farmers going into land specu- 
lation and also because many of 
them are still holding their grain 
in the elevators awaiting a rise in 

G. M. Durkee, manager of the 
Minnesota Mohne Plow Co., with 
headquarters at Minneapolis and 
ex-manager of the Canadian Mo- 
line Plow Co., of this city, was 
here for a few days during the 
" 'spiel," meeting old friends, 
and incidentally to see a few 
curling games. Although a resi- 
dent of Winnipeg for but a 
short time, Mr. Durkee formed a 
strong attachment for the city and 
stated that as a place to live, Win- 
nipeg makes a good second to 

Mr. A. E. McKinstry, Canadian 
Sales Manager for the Inter- 
national Harvester Co., with head- 
quarters at Chicago, was in Winni- 
peg during "Bonspiel." Mr. Mc- 
Kinstry is an old time implement 
man, having been with the Deering 
Co. for a number of years. Since 
the amalgamation he has had 
charge of the Canadian business 
for the International Harvestei 
Co., and is a frequent visitor to 
Winnipeg. He has unbounded 
faith in Western Canada and its 
agricultural possibilities. 

Mr. W. P. Wells, General Agent 
for the International Harvester 
Co.. at Regina, gave us a call dur- 
ing "Bonspiel." Mr. Wells has 
only been in Canada since August 
last, coming here from Quincy, 111., 
where he had charge of the Deer- 
ing Division. Though a compara- 
tively young man, Mr. Wells has 
had fourteen years' experience in 
the implement business. Both he 
and his family find Regina a nice 
place to live in, and like all adopted 

Canadians, have every confidence 
in the brilliant future before 
Western Canada. 

Our old friend, John Slemmon, 
the implement dealer, general mer- 
chant and real estate man of Pas- 
qua, Assa., was in the city during 
the "Bonspiel." He reports busi- 
ness and collections during the past 
season as exceedingly satisfactory 
and is confident that the prospects 
for the coming year are the bright- 
est in the history of the new town. 
He also stated that the damage 
from rust and frost was very slight 
in the vicinity of Pasqua and that 
50% of the wheat graded 1 and 2 
Northern. He also reports a 
steady influx of new settlers. 

Among the most frequent visi- 
tors at our office during "Bonspiel" 
was Mr. John Menzies, of Minne- 
dosa, President of the Retail Imple- 
ment Dealers' Association. In 
speaking of the Association, Mr. 
Menzies stated that during the pre- 
sent year an effort would be put 
forth to establish that organization 
on a more substantial basis and in 
making it df more and greater ser- 
vice to the local implement dealers 
throughout the country. Speaking 
of the implement trade of the past 
season, Mr. Menzies said that sales 
were very good, but that collections 
were somewhat tardy. In his opin- 
ion the coming year should be a 
prosperous one for implement men. 

W. A. Cavanaugh, General 
Traveller for the International 
Harvester Co., with headquarters 
at Chicago, was in the city for a 
few days while the "roarin' 
game" was in progress. Mr. 
Cavanaugh is well known to many 
of our readers, having been mana- 
ger for the McCormick Co.. of 
Winnipeg, for a period of eight 
years prior to the amalgamation 
of the large harvester companies. 
He is well pleased to see such 
marked improvements both in the 
residential portions and in the 
business blocks of the city and has 
nothing but praise for Winnipeg. 
He knows of no place with such 
prospects nor any place where he 
would sooner- live. The jobbers 
and general agents, to a man, gave 
our ex-citizen a hearty welcome. 

Mr. John A. Flanagan, travel- 
ling salesman for Western Canada 
for the Vermont Farm Machine 
Co., of Bellows Falls, Vt, manu- 
facturers of the celebrated U. S. 
cream separators, was in the city 
during the " 'speil," and from here 
will continue his trip through to 
the coast. Mr. Flanagan is an old 
timer as far as Western Canada 

is concerned, having lived here six- 
teen years ago, and is fully conver- 
sant with conditions prevailing 
here. For the past five years, and 
up until the present year, he was 
connected with the Immigration 
Department of the Dominion 
Government, being situated in 
Wisconsin, where he did some ex- 
cellent immigration work for 
Canada. Mr. Flanagan stated that 
he was glad to move his family 
back and make his home again in 
this country. 



It is our sad duty to record the 
death of Aid. T. E. Kelly, of Bran- 
don, who died at his residence in 
that city during the early part of 
the present month. Prior to going 
to the Wheat City, Mr. Kelly was 
a citizen of Winnipeg where he 
engaged with his father, the late 
Mr. A. Kelly, being one of the 
pioneers of the agricultural imple- 
ment and carriage business. In 
1882, Mr. Kelly severed his con- 
nection here to go further West, 
settling in Brandon where he car- 
ried on a large and lucrative busi- 
ness. The deceased was a most 
pleasant gentleman to meet, always 
having a genial word for whoever 
called on him. He was exceed- 
ingly popular and one of the best 
known men of the Province. His 
funeral was one of the largest ever 
seen in his home city, being attend- 
ed by the civic officials as well as 
by large numbers of friends in the 
surrounding district. 


We regret to announce the death 
of Mr. James D. Kippan, of Rus- 
sell, who died at his home on the 
6th inst., after a severe attack of 
pneumonia. His end was also ac- 
celerated by heart trouble from 
which he had been a constant suf- 
ferer for some time. The deceased 
was one of the most popular men 
through Russell section, being one 
of the pioneers of that district, 
having settled there from Silver 
Creek to which place he came in 
the early days from Stratford, Ont. 
Mr. Kippan was prominent in the 
implement business, having repre- 
sented the Massey-Harris Co. as 
well as handling other prominent 
lines. The funeral was conducted 
under Masonic management of 
which fraternity he was an active 
member. He leaves a widow, two 
sons and two daughters, to mourn 
his loss, who have our sincere 

Dealer Burned Out. 

Probably the most disastrous 
conflagration that ever visited 
Glenboro took place on the night of 
the 18th inst., when about 11.30 
p.m. the general store of Hensel- 
wood Benedickson. the new imple- 
ment warehouse of W. G. Sim- 
mon's and a frame dwelling owned 
by A. Doig, were entirely wiped 
out by flames. Mr. Simmon 
succeeded in saving practically all 
his agricultural implements. He 
was carying a stock worth $2,000, 
with insurance of $1,000. 

The Implement Trade Journal, 
of Kansas City, Mo., have our sin- 
cere sympathy in the recent loss 
by fire of their mechanical depart- 
ment. This publication has been 
very unfortunate, in that they were 
flooded out by the great floods 
which visited Kansas during June, 
1903. This, however, did not pre- 
vent a continuance of the business 
and we hope that this latter mis- 
fortune will not cause us to lose 
our valued exchange. 

We Sell to Japan. 

Capt. Orean Clyde Cullen has re- 
turned to Vancouver from a trip 
through the Territories, where he 
purchased large quantities of hay, 
oats and feed for Japan shipment. 
Two vessels will be required to 
take the cargoes which will include 
coal from Vancouver island mines. 
Capt. Cullen states that he is mak- 
ing contracts for supplies for ship- 
ment to Japan for the next five 
years. His operations are on the 
most extensive scale. The Imper- 
ial Marine association, which Capt. 
Cullen represents, is very close to 
high officials of the Japanese gov- 
ernment and it is connected in 
business with the Nippon Yusen 
Kaisha, the wealthy Japanese ship- 
ping company. 

Will Not Exhibit. 

We note that at a recent meet- 
ing of the Tri-State Vehicle and 
Implement Dealers' Association 
held in Cincinnati, it was decided 
not to have any vehicle exhibit at 
the convention to be held there 
during the coming year. This 
action has been taken owing to the 
opposition of local manufacturers, 
who state that such an exhibition 
was of practically no benefit to 



February, 1905. 

Keep Your Money in 
Circulation at Home 

Toronto, Spring of 1905. — The large factories of the 
Massey-Harris Co., Ltd., at this city, and at Brantford, 
Woodstock and Stratford, have been kept exceptionally 
busy owing to the ever-growing demand for Canadian-built 
farm machinery. Our Canadian farmers are realizing that 
it is to their profit and advantage to support their own 

15-19-23 Shoes or Discs 



Plowing made easy. 
A boy can operate 
successfully our 

Horse- Lift 

or Single 
Sulky Plow 

Massey-Harris Co. Limited 

Winnipeg Regina Calgary 

February, 1905. 


President Hutchinson Addresses 
Board of Trade. 

The members of the Winnipeg 
Board of Trade held their twenty- 
sixth annual meeting early in the 
present month, which was largely 
attended by merchants and busi- 
ness men of the city. Winnipeg 
being situated as it is, on the east- 
ern fringe of the great prairies, 
and being the wholesale centre for 
the vast stretch of country lying 
between the Rocky Mountains and 
Lake Superior, we feel that the in- 
fluence exerted by this Board_of 
Trade "should "be of great interest 
to our readers and for this reason 
we are quoting very fully the ad- 
dress delivered by the retiring 
President, Mr. W. H. Hutchinson, 
who is one of the oldest and per- 
haps the best known implement 
man in Western Canada, he being 
President and Manager of the 
Fairchild Co., Ex-President of the 
Winnipeg Wholesale Implement 
and Carriage Dealers' Association 
and for the past year having held 
the very important office of Presi- 
dent of this Board of Trade. 

Mr. Hutchinson addressed the 
meeting as follows : 

"As business men we have every 
reason to feel gratified that little 
has occurred in Canada during 
1904 to disturb the general seren- 
ity in all branches of trade ; indeed, 
the prosperity existent throughout 
the whole Dominion has been most 
marked during the past few years. 

The total trade in Canada for the 
fiscal year ending June 30, 1904, 
amounted to $472,733,000, of 
which $213,521,000 represented ex- 
ports and $259,212,000 imports; an 
increase of $17,997,000 in imports 
and a decrease of $12,328,000 in 
exports as compared with the pre- 
vious year; the decline in exports 
being due, mainly, to reduced ship- 
ments of wheat and animals and 
their produce, while coal most 
largely contributed to the increase 
in imports. 

The savings by the people now 
deposited in the savings accounts 
of our chartered,, postal and gov- 
ernment savings banks, and with 
the loan companies in the Domin- 
ion, total the enormous sum of 
$421,000,000, the largest amount 
yet attained, and being an average 
of $85 per capita. 

The growing demands of trade 
and commerce have rendered it 
necessary that existing chartered 
banks increase their capital. Many 
new bank branches have been es- 
tablished throughout Canada, more 


particularly in the Northwest, in 
which there are now 238 branches 
or agencies (exclusive of private 
banks), whereas, but ten years ago 
there were only 41. These figures 
do not include the 58 insurance 
and 50 loan and investment com- 
panies who have enormous sums 
on loan. 

Referring more particularly to 
the Northwest, in which we are so 
immediately interested, the pheno- 
menal progress in every line has 
attracted the attention of not only 
the other provinces of our fair 
Dominion, but even of those across 
the water in the motherland, and 
our American cousins to the south. 

Immigration still continues to 
pour in at a very rapid rate, and in 
most cases of a very desirable class 
of people. For the fiscal year end- 
ing June 30, 1904, 130,329 new 
settlers came into Western Canada, 
51,000 of whom were British, and 
43,000 Americans. The vigorous 
and intelligent immigration policy 
of the government and the efforts 
of the Western Immigration As- 
sociation, organized but a year ago, 
and financially supported by many 
members of this board, are, I be- 
lieve, doing more towards the de- 
velopment of the country and its 

commercial interests, than any 
other agencies. The distribution 
of literature pertaining to the won- 
derful capabilities and possibilities 
of our soil, and the great field for 
investment, has created almost 
world-wide interest, and I venture 
the opinion that 1905 will witness 
a still larger influx of settlers. 

Free homestead entries, and land 
sales at advanced prices by the rail- 
way and land companies to actual 
settlers, have exceeded very con- 
siderably those of any previous 
year. A very large number of our 
neighbors in the United States 
realize that we have lands of better 
quality than their own, which can 
be acquired at much less per acre 
than theirs are valued at, and have 
bought very freely. 

The acreage under wheat in 1904 
compared with 1903, shows an in- 
, crease of 5 per cent, in Manitoba, 
and 22 per cent, in the Territories, 
with an estimated yield of 60,000,- 
000 bushels. In the early part of 
the season, crop conditions were 
most favorable, and gave promise 
of an abundant yield, but in some 
districts, on account of damage by 
rust, ultimately the yield and grade 
were considerably reduced. It is, 
however, the general opinion that 

the higher prices obtained resulted 
as profitably as any previous crop, 
and the railway companies moved 
the grain much more expeditiously 
and with much less complaint re- 
garding car shortage, than in any- 
previous year, much to the satis- 
faction of the farmers and business 
community, so mutually interested. 
These improved conditions I be- 
lieve to be due to the more intelli- 
gent means adopted by the railway 
companies in the appointment of 
travelling inspectors, who are con- 
stantly engaged in ascertaining the 
requirements of each district and 
resulting in a more equitable dis- 
tribution of cars. 


A somewhat new feature has en- 
tered into the grain trade of West- 
ern Canada owing to the action of 
the United States government in 
definitely allowing what is com- 
monly called "milling in bond." Foi 
probably the first time on record, 
shipments of Manitoba wheat from 
Fort William have been forwarded 
to United States ports east of Lake 
Superior to be milled in bond and 
the product exported. Last year 
a considerable quantity of Mani- 
toba wheat was manufactured in 
this way in Minneapolis mills, and 
it is understood that somewhat 
heavy shipments of wheat are 
again going to that United States 
milling centre. The results of this 
new feature of our trade in grain 
will naturally be closely watched, 
for should the trade expand to any 
considerable extent, it will un- 
doubtedly affect our transportation 
companies directly, and cause to a 
more or less extent some re- 
arrangement of the present method 
of selling and handling the grain. 
It is safe to say that every bushel 
of grain in this way diverted to 
the south will mean a loss to Can- 
ada through such grain not being 
handled at Canadian ports and by 
Canadian steamboats and railroads. 
How far our farmers will be bene- 
fited seems as yet to be problem- 

Important legislation affecting 
the grain trade was passed at Ot- 
tawa last year when the "Inspec- 
tion of Grain Act" became law. 
This act embodies all legislation 
affecting the inspection of grain in 
Canada, and it is well to point out 
that the only changes made in the 
clauses relating to the inspection 
of Manitoba grain were those ask- 
ed for by the Manitoba and Terri- 
torial Grain Growers' Association 
at a conference with the grain and 
railway interests in Winnipeg a 



February, 1905. 

year ago, the conference being held 
at the request of the grain growers. 
It may be taken for granted that 
in every year when we will have 
a considerable amount of grain 
damaged in the fields by any cli- 
matic causes, there will be more 
or less dissatisfaction with the prac- 
tical working out of the best of 
grain laws. It is a matter of re- 
cord that when there is no dam- 
aged grain there is practically no 
dissatisfaction. It is evident, too, 
that many of the complaints now 
made are owing to a lack of know- 
ledge of the existing laws and 
therefore any proposed change 
should be very carefully consider- 
ed as to the results that might fol- 
low. For instance, in a few quar- 
ters, grain growers are advocating 
the lowering of the requirements 
of the principal standard grades, 
simply because this year's damaged 
wheat will not grade into them. It 
will undoubtedly occur, with the 
expansion of grain growing in this 
vast grain producing district, that 
new conditions will necessitate 
changes in the details of the meth- 
ods of inspection and handling, 
yet it would be most unwise that 
hasty legislation, based upon the 
abnormal conditions prevailing in 

any one or two years, should be 
passed by parliament. 


In a statement of crop movement | 
compiled last year, our secretary 
pointed out that of the 1902 crop j 
of wheat inspected and registered : 
in the regular elevators, that the 
Winnipeg figures were 51,833,0001 
bushels ; Duluth and West Super- j 
ior, combined, 42,406,923 bushels ; I 
Chicago, 37,940,953 bushels, and 
New York, 35,101,950 bushels; 
which unmistakably demonstrates 
the importance of Winnipeg as a 
grain centre; in fact, with the ex- 
ception of Minneapolis, it shows 
the largest total of any market on 
the North American continent. 

Our interior and terminal grain 
storage and handling elevator sys : 
tern, from the point of excellence, 
is equal to anything in the world, 
and it may be noted that a con- 
siderable extension of the system 
took place during the past year, 
some five and a half millions of 
bushels capacity having been add- 
ed. The capacity in the interior is 
now 28,178,363 bushels, and the 
terminals at Fort William and Port 

; Arthur 18,432,000 bushels, or a 
total of 46,640,630. Taking into 

I consideration that about one-half of 

the present crop is handled through 
elevators before the close of navi- 
gation, it will be seen that the stor- 
age available for the winter season 
is certainly very great. 


The railway companies opera- 
ting in the Northwest are putting 
forth every effort to keep abreast 
with its development, consequent 
upon the steady influx of popula- 
tion. During the past year the 
Canadian Northern! railway have 
been most energetic in constructing 
new, and extending branch lines ; 
550 miles have been graded and 
413 miles of steel laid, giving this 
company 1,758 miles under opera- 
tion west of Lake Superior. The 
Canadian Pacific railway completed 
and opened for traffic during the 
year 197 additional miles and have 
75 miles graded ready for rails in 
the spring, giving this corporation 
4,100 miles of track under opera- 
tion between Fort William and 
British Columbia. In addition to 
the mileage constructed, a great 
deal of time and money has "been 
expended in reducing grades and 
straightening existing lines, as well 
as purchasing additional motive 
power and car equipment, rendered 
necessary by the increased traffic. 

The expenditure on railway con- 
struction and improvements in the 
West during 1904 was largely in 
excess of any previous year, and 
apart from giving employment to 
a vast army of laborers, the com- 
mercial community benefited by the 
additional trade consequent upon 
the expenditure of such large sums 
of money. The extended lines in 
the new territory opened up will 
not only enhance the value of lands 
tributary thereto, but prove a veri- 
table boon and convenience to 
hitherto isolated settlers. The pro- 
gressive spirit displayed by the 
Canadian Pacific railway I believe 
! to be largely the result of recom- 
mendations made by the second 
vice-president, Mr. Wm. Whyte, 
who now manages the western sys- 
tem, and who is so thoroughly 
conversant with western needs. 
There is every indication that the 
present rapid rate of construction 
will be continued for at least a few 
years, as, with all their energy, it 
will tax the companies to their ut- 
most to supply the necessary trans- 
portation facilities. In the near 
future, too, a new factor will enter 
into the transportation system of 
the West. I refer to the Grand 
Trunk Pacific railway, the new 



anadian Farmers and Canadian Dealers 2£ta£ a a f£d 

thing as well. That is how it comes that several times as many JOHN DEERE PLOWS (the highest 
grade steel plows made in America, or anywhere else) are sold to Canadian farmers by Canadian dealers as 
of any other high-grade steel plows of any other manufacture. The duty cuts'nojfigure when a man wants 

the best and is willing to pay for it. 

Walking Plows for all purposes ; Riding Plows, single and in gangs, for horse 
and steam power ; Disk Plows, single and in gangs, for horse or steam power. 

For Sale by the Best Dealers in Canada. 
Manufactured by 

DEERE & CO. Moline, 111., U.S.A. 

THE FAIRCHILD CO., Ltd., WINNIPEG, General Agents for Western Canada. 

February, 1905. 




'Office and Showrooms, MASSEY-H ARRIS CO., Market Square, Winnipeg. 

Trans-continental road, of which 
we are assured construction opera- 
tions will be undertaken in the 
spring. In addition to providing 
increased facilities for carrying to 
the East the products of our great 
West, the new road will open up 
and develop many new and rich 
districts, and add vastly to the pro- 
ducing area of the Dominion. 


In the development of the West, 
Winnipeg is advancing in all direc- 
tions, and every citizen has a just 
right to feel proud. I do not know 
of any city that has experienced 
such phenomenal development and 
occasioned such universal, favor- 
able comment. The city assessor 
maintains that our present resident 
and floating population is 80,000, 
and many, well qualified to form 
an accurate opinion, maintain that 
it is in excess of this number. 

A greater amount of public 
works was carried out during 1904 
than hr any preceding year, and 
this expansion has been general ; 
applying to the opening up of new 
streets, the extension of sewers and 
water mains, asphalt, macadam and 
block pavements, artificial stone 
and plank walks, boulevards, etc. 

There is now completed 17 miles 
of asphalt, 33 miles of macadam 
and 16 miles of block pavement; 
23 miles of artificial stone and 186 
miles of plank walks, 99 miles of 
water mains, 87 miles of sewers 

and 65 miles of boulevard through- 
out the city ; with ten miles of pave- 
ment, 16 miles of sidewalk, 13 miles 
of sewer and 14 miles of water 
mains on order, which have been 
authorized by the council for con- 
struction in the spring that could 
not be completed last year. 

These public works entailed the 
expenditure of large sums of 
money ; the benefits of which, with 
the improvements themselves, are 
shared by citizens generally, and 
very materially contributed to the 
prosperity, public health and 
beauty of the city. It is grati- 
fying, too, to know that the rate ( 
of taxation for 1904 was only 17 
mills on the dollar (five mills less 
than the previous year) ; the total 
assessment being $48,220,000, as 
compared with $36,232,000 in 


Building operations have been 
carried on very extensively in ev- 
ery part of the city, in the erection 
of homes for the accommodation 
of the thousands coming amongst 
us, and business blocks rendered 
necessary by the growing trade. 

Permits were issued for build- 
ings during the year at an estimat- 
ed cost of $9,651,750, but more 
likely at an actual cost of twelve 
to thirteen millions, as builders, 
when obtaining permits, usually 
place the value below the cost, I 
hoping to escape higher assess- 

ment. For comparison it may be 
of interest that I place before you 
official information as to the value 
of building permits issued during 
the past year in the three largest 
cities of the Dominion and nine of 
the largest cities in the United 
States, whose population, with one 
exception, exceeds by many thou- 
sands that of Winnipeg. 

The following are the figures : 

Winnipeg $ 9,651,750 

Toronto 5,885,120 

Montreal 3,646,484 

Hamilton 1.000,000 

St. Paul 3,712,343 

Cincinnati 5,326,000 

Buffalo 6,688,319 

Detroit 6,737,105 

Minneapolis 7,820.000 

Boston 18,500.567 

Philadelphia 21,930.000 

Chicago *. . 44,724.790 

New York 75.267,780 

Considering the population of 
the various cities referred to, Win- 
nipeg leads in the value of build- 
ings by a very large percentage. 
Permits already issued this year 
exceed those of the corresponding 
month of last year. It is therefore 
reasonable to assume that during 
the present year building opera- 
tions will continue active. 

Bank clearings, receipts from 
customs, inland revenue and postal 
department in any city reflect more 
accurately, I believe, than any other 
data, trade conditions. Those of 
Winnipeg* show considerable in- 
creases compared with the prece- 
ding year, as you will find by the 
tabulated statement submitted here- 

1903. 1904. Inc. 

Bank cleariug3 . .J246, 108.000 $291.6 >1. 4X7 itrjj 

C -stoma revenue 2,232.563 2,723,160 20n 

Inland revenue .. 775.783 914.189 18% 

Postal revenue 201,907 265,319 22% 


During the past year the Cana- 
dian Pacific Railway were obliged 
to make very extensive alterations 
and additions to their Winnipeg 
terminals to facilitate the more ex- 
peditious, convenient and economic 
handling of the increased freight 
and passenger traffic, consequent 
upon the general expansion of 

In the re-arrangement and ex- 
tension of their yards, many addi- 
tional miles of new track were con- 
structed, and mammoth shops and 
freight sheds erected. Their mag- 
nificent new station, so urgently 
required, is almost ready for occu- 
pancy, and construction work on 
their new hotel is progressing 
rapidly. Their Winnipeg yard;, 
covering such a large area, with 
no miles of trackage, are now the 
largest in America, owned by a 
single company. The hotel and 
station, when completed, will sur- 
pass in size, convenience and ele- 
gance any similar structure in Can- 

The building of the much dis- 
cussed subway has. I believe, com- 
pletely removed the danger to life 
and limb so imminent heretofore, 
and gives direct and undisturbed 
communication between the north 
end and the remainder of the city, 
including a through car service. 

The extension of the street car 
system has caused an, unusually ac- 
tive sale of building lots in the sub- 
urban districts served by the new 
lines, and on these lots many new 
houses have been and are being 
erected by those whose means will 
not permit of their paying the high 
rentals that internal properties 
command. The extension to St. 
Charles will furnish rapid and con- 
venient transportation to and from 
the new suburban park so recently 
acquired by the city, and to the 
agricultural college to be erected 
during the coming summer by the 
government. In addition thereto, 
it will be convenient and of inesti- 
mable value in the marketing of 
garden vegetables and dairy sup- 
plies produced so largely in the dis- 
trict referred to. 

The new suburban line to Sel- 
kirk, consructed and operated by 
the Winnipeg, Selkirk and Lake 
Winnipeg railway, has ably demon- 
strated the practical utility of the 
road in furnishing transportation 
to the many settlers tributary 
thereto, and facilities for the daily 



February, 1905. 

delivery of fresh supplies of pro- 
duce grown so profusely in the dis- 
trict served thereby. 

The exhibition held in Winnipeg 
in 1904, financially supported by a 
grant from the Dominion govern- 
ment, the Dominion Fair, was an 
unusually important event, extend- 
ing as it did over two weeks, and 
will no doubt prove very instru- 
mental in promoting the industrial 
and commercial life of the West. 

Products of the field, forest and 
mines from every part of the Dom- 
inion and the large and excellent 
exhibit of live stock, with the 
magnificent range of manufactured 
articles, more especially "Made in 
Canada" goods, proved . exceed- 
ingly interesting, and evoked ex- 
pressions of surprise and gratifica- 
tion from the many thousands in 
attendance. The larger number of 
exhibits and the increased accom- 
modation provided for the better 
display thereof, contributed very 
materially to the success of the ex- 
hibition, while the larger receipts 
resulting from the increased pat- 
ronage and attendance, enabled 
the exhibition directors to clear off 
the long outstanding indebtedness 
of the association, much to the 
satisfaction of our citizens. 


On the death of Mr. Jno. Ber- 
tram, chairman of the Transporta- 
tion Commission, who always ex- 
hibited a keen and intelligent inter- 
est in the West and its needs, the 
Dominion government, no doubt 
having in mind the request of this 
board made over a year ago, that 
representation to be given on the 
commission to the West, which is 
supplying, and must in the future 
supply the vast bulk of the produce 
tonnage which the government de- 
sire to. retain within Canada until 
it reaches the seaboard, appointed 
Mr. J. H. Ashdown, one of the 
most valued members of this board, 
as a member of the commission. In 
addition to Mr. Ashdown's ap- 
pointment as a commissioner, our 
secretary, Mr. C. N. Bell, is also 
secretary of the commission ; there- 
fore members of the board can de- 
pend upon the wants of the West 
being properly and intelligently 
presented for the consideration of 
the commission. 


From the large number of en- 
quiries received by this board from 
Eastern Canada, the United States 
and European countries regarding 
manufacturing, it is very evident to 
my mind that the board should co- 
operate with the city council with a 

view of securing such industries 
for our city. 

With the prospect of cheaper 
power from the Winnipeg river in 
the near future, and a reasonable 
supply of cheaper labor, Winnipeg 
as a location should prove inviting, 
more especially as it is the distribu- 
ting centre for the vast territory 
to the west. I am opposed to giv- 
ing assistance by way of bonus or 
exemption from taxation for manu- 
facturers, but a reasonable basis of 
assessment for a stated period, 
might, and no doubt would, attract 
manufacturers, and prove benefi- 
cial to Winnipeg. I trust that the 
incoming council will take this 
matter up and give it active con- 


Better firs protection, one of the 
most important questions of a local 
character, and of such vital interest 
to every citizen, received very long 
and careful consideration by the in- 
surance committee of this board, 
and their recommendations (adopt- 
ed by the board) to the city coun- 
cil, advocating the installation of a 
high pressure water system for fire 
purposes only in the congested dis- 
tricts, more especially the central 
section, has been received with 

favor by the city council, who, at 
an early date, propose installing 
the system, and I would urge upon 
every member of this board their 
practical assistance to ensure the 
passing of the by-law. 


In addition to the four new halls 
erected, the fire equipment has been 
very materially increased by the 
purchase of three new steam en- 
gines, three chemical engines, four 
hose wagons, an 85-foot aerial 
ladder truck and one water tower, 
which, with the addition of forty- 
eight firemen, is worthy of note ; 
but the fact should not be over- 
looked that owing to the rapid 
growth of our city, and its isolated 
position through being dependent 
upon our own fire-fighting resourc- 
es, inspires the confidence that a 
high pressure system would give 
the additional protection necessary, 
and no doubt eventually result in 
the reduction of insurance rates. 


While our membership shows a 
net gain of 40 during the year, I 
am covinced that there are in our 
city a larger number of business 
men who should become members 
of the board, and who could, by 
their presence and counsel, render 

incalculable service in the various 
matters for the general good of 
the city and community which, 
from time to time, come up for dis- 
cussion. The board of trade works 
for the general benefit of the city 
without any ulterior or selfish mo- 
tives, and it cannot be denied that 
the actions of the board have been 
productive of much good. Might 
I here suggest that the present 
members take a more active interest 
hereafter by attending the meet- 
ings regularly? 

During the year we have been 
called upon to mourn the loss of 
five former members of this board 
in the demise of Mr. John Russell, 
a former president of the board ; 
W. F. McCreary, M.P., W. T. 
Rutherford, C. A. Patterson and 
A. C. Archibald, all of whom took 
a very active interest in the work 
of the board and enjoyed the confi- 
dence and esteem of the citizens 

I desire to express my apprecia- 
tion of the honor conferred on me 
in choosing me as your president, 
and I thank the members of the 
board for their many coutesies, and 
the members of the council for 
their generous support given me. 

The very efficient and courteous 

Dealers \ write for our full list of money makers ! 

Gasoline E 

The Stickney Line 

3 H.P. Stickney Jr. The 
New Stickney Horizon- 
tal Engine 6 h.p. is the 
latest and best Engine 
made. It is simplicity it- 
self. Also made in 12 
h.p. and 25 h.p. sizes. 


steel land 
Ro 1 1 e rs 

Empire Cream 

and Porcelain Cylinders ; Gal- 
vanized Iron Piping ; Hydraulic 
Engines ; Railway, Town and 
Village Water SupplyMaterial for 
Fire Protection or Domestic Use. 

Ontario mind Engine and Pump €0., Cimited 


Bead Office and factory 8 Coronto 

February, 1905. 



secretary had done much to lighten 
my labors as president for which 
I specially thank him, and this 
board has every reason to con- 
gratulate themselves on having 
such a capable officer. 

A vote of thanks was tendered 
the retiring president and coupled 
with a resolution to have the ad- 
dress printed in the annual report. 


The report of the council of the 
board having been duly printed 
and distributed among the mem- 
bers was taken as read. The re- 
port deals in detail with al! the 
work of the council during the 
year and is a voluminous docu- 
ment, showing the w ide range of 
subject coming within the scope of 
influence of the board of trade. 
Manv enterprises undertaken were 
brought to a successful issue, others 
were advanced a stage, while in 
some of the endeavors the board 
failed of the desired end. Among 
things accomplished through its 
efforts the council reported an 
improvement in the interior of the 
post office, the selection of a site 
for the new building, increased 
mail service between Brandon and 
Moose - Jaw. also more rapid ser- 
vice between Winnipeg and the 

Twin Cities and the earlier distri- 
bution of papers and circulars 
arriving by United States mail. 
The board also renorted the secur- 
ing of a King's warehouse with 
storage space of 5,000 square feet, 
and improvements in the present 
customs building and the assur- 
ances of further improvements 
when the post office building is 
completed. The appointment of 
Mr. David Horn as flour inspector 
was done at the instance of the j 


No section of the board has been 
more active during the year than 
the general insurance committee. ; 
Among other things undertaken , 
was a deputation to Premier Rob- ; 
lin asking for a fire marshal to be 
appointed. The committee also 
held many meetings to consider the 
arbitrary rates imposed after the 
Toronto fire. They also held meet- 
ings with Inspector Howe. In 
June the board strongy endorsed 
the proposition of the city council 
purchasing an 85-foot ladder and 
water tower, and after Mr. Howe's 
visit in October urged the council 
to order at least one 1,200 gallon 
fire engine instead of a proposed 
1. 000 gallon fire engine. The coun- 

cil, in September, took up the ques- 
tion of construction of a proposed 
system of high pressure water 
works for fire purposes, which mat- 
ter the committee enquired into and 
discussed with members of the fire, 
water and light committee of the 
city. The city engineer reported 
on a system of high pressure water 
works, and thereafter, in order to 
strengthen the hands of the city 
council in every possible way, and 
give them an expression of the 
opinion of the commercial com- 
munity, a general meeting of the 
board called for the special purpose 
on the 1 2th of December, passed 
strong resolutions endorsing the 
installation of a high pressure sys- 
tem for fire protection and sewer 
flushing. The matter was quite 
fully discussed and the fire, water 
and light committee showed a 
strong disposition to instal the de- 
sired improvements, but they could 
not agree on the method of apply- 
ing the cost on the taxation of the 
city. The committee pointed out 
the method proposed by the board 
of trade, that the properties bene- 
fitted should pay 40 per cent and 
the city as a whole 60 per cent of 
the cost, and it would work out 
that the properties so benefitted 

would really pay 55 per cent, of the 
1 actual cost, on account of the asses- 
\ sed value of taxable property with- 
in the protected area, being $15.- 
000,000 as against a total assess- 
i ment of the city placed at $60,000.- 
000. It was also urged by the 
committee that owing to it being 
improbable that the city might ob- 
tain a definite figure from the 
Canadian board of underwriters as 
to the reduction they would make 
in the event of this system being 
installed, that it would be well for 
the city to go ahead with the works 
and once they were installed, there 
should be no doubt of the city reap- 
ing the benefit by reduced insur- 
ance rates. 


A strong committeee from the 
council waited on Mr. Whyte on 
May 4, and presented to him the 
dissatisfaction existing over the 
action of the Canadian Pacific 
Railway company in connection 
with their construction work of the 
year. Mr. Whyte sfated that the 
tender of the firm referred to was 
so much lower than the local bids 
that no course remained for the 

I company but to give them the con- 
tract, and he informed the deputa- 

1 tion that while heretofore contracts 

The Fairchild Co 



ISH TO ADVISE THE TRADE that the burning in part of the Canada 
Carriage Company's plant at Brockville early last month will not affect 
them very much, as the bulk of finished goods as well as a large quantity 
of material and four large buildings were saved intact, and they are now 
running full force. 

Fort}- cars of buggies for 1905 trade are now in store in our Winnipeg 
warehouse, and all orders will be shipped promptly. 

Deere Plows 
Moline Wagons 
Fairchild Wagons 

Monitor Drills 

Disk and Drag Harrows 

Pulverizers, Etc. 

are being unloaded at our track warehouse at the rate of five cars daily, 
and outgoing shipments are being made daily therefrom. 

Nothing better than the above lines to secure the volume. Get in 
the procession and secure agency. 

THE FAIRCHILD CO., Ltd., 156 Princess St., WINNIPEG, MAN 



February, 1905. 

were let from Montreal, that here- 
after tenders for western work 
would be sent in to his office here. 
Mr. Whyte assured the deputation 
that he fully appreciated the desira- 
bility of giving, when possible, con- 
tracts for railway construction 
work to firms in the West who have 
their working equipment on hand 
and are ready to go to work with- 
out delay. 

Mr. H. W. Hutchinson, the re- 
tiring president, entertained the 
retiring council and other officials 
of the board to a dinner at the 
Manitoba Club at the conclusion 
of the meeting of the Board: 

Still They Come. 

There seems to be an impression 
that immigration to this country 
has, during the past year, seen a 
marked falling off, and that at the 
present time there is little doing 
in this line. As a matter of fact, 
the immigration to this country, 
and what is Almost as good for this 
country, the immigration to the 
United States from foreign coun- 
tries is showing startling increases. 
As an idea of the number of Euro- 
pean agriculturists who are hurry- 
ing to the United States, the 
Washington figures show that the 
increase in the number of immi- 
grants from both Russia and 
Austria-Hungary is particularly 
noteworthy, and the increase from 
Russia is considered essentially 

In December, 1902, the number 
of immigrants arriving from Rus- 
sia was 10,104; in December, 1903, 
10,431 ; and in December, 1904, 
15,992. Compared with Decem- 
ber, 1902, last month showed an 
increase of 57 per cent, in immi- 
gration from Russia. The immi- 
gration from Austria-Hungary in 
December shows an increase of 
12,738 over that of December, 
1903* aggregating 23,433. From 
the whole of Europe the immigra- 
tion last December was 58,894, an 
increase of 17,518 over December 
a year ago. 

A Fine One! 

We are in receipt of a fine letter 
opener for the use of the Manager, 
sent us with the compliments of 
the Farm Implement News. We 
hope that it may see long and suc- 
cessful service on our desk and 
that the good wishes and good will 
of the donors may always be en- 
joyed by this paper. 

g Will Not Affect England. 

The Liverpool Daily Post, com- 
mercially commenting on American 
millers importing Canadian wheat, 
says that to the English people the 
interest of this new situation turns 
chiefly upon the effect that the ces- 
sation of the wheat shipments to 
this country might have upon the 
price of flour here. The natural 
tendency would be for the price of 
flours to rise, in this advance the 
wheat growers of Canada would 
participate, but wheat is grown in 
so many lands and for so long that 
Great Britain has the wisdom to im- 
port wheat from every country in 
the world, where a surplus is to be 
found, without levying a duty. 
There is no fear of any shortness of 
the wheat supply here. 

At It Again. 

We are glad to note by the re- 
cent reports received from the East 
that the Canada Carriage Co., of 
Brockville, Ont, have again re- 
sumed business. Immediately after 
the fire, plans for a new building 
were drawn up. Within ten days 
same was partially equipped with 
machinery and men at work. For 
the present this building will give 
the Company as much blacksmith 
and trimming space as they will re- 
quire. Owing to trie fact that a 
large part of the plant, consisting 
of the wood and power shops, 
along with a large warehouse con- 
taining the season's shafts, a large 
stock of gears, tops, and top goods, 
were saved, and the Company are 
in a much better position to con- 
tinue business than was at first 

A Pointer to Dealers 

The recent publication of a letter 
regarding the vast amount of water 
that was being pumped with a small 
gasoline engine, caused some think- 
ing along that line. Those who 
complain because of dry weather, 
insufficient rain-fall, cattle damaged 
because of lack of water, etc., 
should consider this letter care- 
fully. This was a letter to the 
Columbus Machine Co. of Kansas 
City, from Daniel Heins, of Carroll- 
ton, Mo., in which he states that 
he has a small Columbus gas engine 
pumping from 12,000 to 18,000 gal- 
lons of water per hour from a depth 
of 24 feet. Just think what a vol- 
ume of water this would be if the 
engine ran 24 hours a day; and as 
j these engines can be run continu- 
ously except for a few minutes in 

the 24 hours, in which it is neces- 
sary to stop and clean them, it is 
well for ranchmen to do some fig- 
uring along this line. In looking 
further into this letter, we see that 
Mr. Heins says he has been run- 
ning his engine day and night for 
some time. During these winter 
days and evenings a dealer can do 
some valuable work by bringing be- 
fore his customers just such points 
as the above. — The Implement 
Trade Journal. 

Want Boundary Extended. 

The Manitoba Legislature re- 
cently unanimously supported a 
petition to the Dominion Govern- 
ment asking that the boundaries of 
the Province be extended in the 
West and North. The desire of 
the Legislature is that the West- 
ern boundary should take in a por- 
tion of Eastern Assiniboia and 
Saskatchewan and that the north- 
ern boundary be extended to Hud- 
son's Bay. A deputation went to 
Ottawa a few days ago to inter- 
view the Government along this 

Imports aid Exports. 

During the past year the duty 
collected by the Canadian Custom 
authorities on agricultural imple- 
ments coming from the United 
States amounted to $2,911,120, 
while the amount levied on English 
goods reached to only $21,842. A 
conservative estimate of the value 
of the implements imported places 
the figures at about $12,000,000. 
Harvesters were imported in the 
greatest number, implement parts 
next, and mowing machines, plows, 
threshers, horse rakes and grain 
drills following in the order named. 
Vehicles were imported to a total 
value of $1,500,000. Canada ex- 
ported to the United States imple- 
ments to the value of $26,850, and 
vehicles to the value of slightly 
over $20,000. 

Business Failures in 1904. 

Bradstreets reports the failures 
among Canadian business men for 
1904 to number 1,177, wrtn tota ^ 
liabilities of $10,018,299, an in- 
crease over 1903 of 221 in number 
and $1,689,937 i n amount of liabili- 
ties. The highest" record in num- 
bers for the past twenty-five years 
was in 1896, when 2,179 failures 
were recorded, and the highest in 
amount of liabilities, 1894, with a 
total amount of $23,985,283. 

Government Aid for the Ceast- 
Kootenay Line. 

All the British Columbia mem- 
bers waited on Sir Wilfred Laur- 
ier, Hon. Mr Emmerson and Sena- 
tor Templeton and asked aid for 
the proposed Coast-Kootenay rail- 
way. The delegation asked that 
the government guarantee the prin- 
cipal and interest to the amount of 
$3,000 a mile. Sir Wilfrid said 
that the government could not do 
this, but when the time came for 
the consideration of the usual rail- 
way subsidies, the Coast-Kootneay 
would not be forgotten. 

Land Sales. 

The Canadian Pacific land de- 
partment reports a sale of 34,500.- 
44 acres of land during the month 
of January, the amount realized 
being $141,750.50. 

He Got It. 

Be warned, boys ! About a • 
month ago a Paris, Ont., young 
lady stepped on a needle, and fully 
half of it could not be extracted. 
Two weeks later she complained 
of a severe pain in her side and 
last week the needle was removed 
from the arm of a Brantford 
young man." 

Personally, we prefer to not be 
so healthy, and smoke more. 

Late estimates place the popula- 
tion of the world at 1,503,300,000. 

It is a wise young man who 
leaves a good quality of cigars on 
the mantel when he calls upon his 

We often wonder what kind of 
New Year's resolutions women can 
make, when they neither smoke, 
drink, gamble nor swear. 

Husband, solicitously : "There, 
darling, don't cry ; you are wetting 
my cigars." 

Definitions : — 

Girl: An unmarried female be- 
tween the ages of two and sixty. 

Boy: An .unmarried male under 


The most forlorn woman I ever 
saw was travelling alone on a 
sleeper. She had an upper berth 
and was wearing a dress that open- 
ed in the back. 

In India native laborers receive 
four cents a day for sixteen hours' 

When writing advertisers, kindly 
mention Canadian Farm Implements. 

February, 1905. 



A Valuable Implement 

The weeder has been too gener- 
ally neglected by implement manu- 
facturers and dealers, and Ameri- 
can farmers have lost many millions 
of dollars as a result of this over- 
sight. A weeder is the most effi- 
cient implement on earth for killing 
the little weeds that come up by the 
million in the corn field before a 
cultivator can be used. It is better 
t( 1 harrow corn than to let all these 
little weeds get a start, but a har- 
row is too heavy and severe on the 
tender young corn shoots. A har- 
row seldom kills them or gouges ' 
them out of the ground when it is 
used properly, but it twists and | 
wrenches the young olants without 
any regard to thtir welfare. The 
w eeder runs lightly over the ground 
and catches all the young weeds, 
which sprout very near the surface, 
but docs not hurt the deeper-rooted 

Even more important than kill- 
ing the weeds, however, the weeder 
breaks up and mulches the surface 
of the soil, and thus checks the 
waste evaporation and saves mois- 
ture which the growing crop .may 
sadly need within a few weeks. It 
might be said that weeds are a 
Jessing in disguise to the corn 
grower, because they make him get 
out and cultivate his field. The 
greatest benefit which the corn crop 
receives from cultivation is not in 
killing' the weeds, but in stirring 
the surface of the ground so that 
waste evaporation will be checked. 
A field that is entirely free from 
weeds will scarcely produce a good 
ear of corn unless the soil is culti- 
vated, and the weeds are therfore 

useful in making the farmer use his 

With a weeder the farmer can 
easily give his corn two cultiva- 
tions which it would not receive 
without the help of this implement. 
It covers 15 or 20 acres in a day, 
so that a man can go over his field 
just when the corn is coming up, 
and again a week later, before a 
cultivator could be used to advan- 
tage. If the dealer knows any far- 
mer who uses a weeder, it will pay 
to watch his corn and see what re- 
sults he gets in husking. It is reas- 
onably certain that the farmer who 
uses a weeder a couple of times, 
and follows with the cultivator in 
season, will raise several bushels 
more to the acre than his neighbors 
can get from the same kind of soil. 
When an implement man has seen 
this fact demonstrated before his 
eyes, it will pay to order some 
weeuers for next spring and help 
some more farmers to make money. 

The usefulness of the weeder is 
not confined to the corn field. A 
field of winter wheat that comes out 
weak and sickly in the spring will 
take on new life and stool out bet- 
ter if the soil is given a good 
scratching. The thin spots in a 
meadow or pasture can also be help- 
ed considerably, and the unbeliever 
who does not have a weeder to try 
it can prove it by using a garden 
rake on such spots in his yard or 
lawn. A permanent pasture or 
meadow that is running out can be 
given a new lease of life with a 
weeder and a little seed. — Imple- 
ment Age. 

When writing advertisers, kindly 
mention Canadian Farm Implements. 

Are Hickory Goods Doomed ? 

Increasing scarcity of hickory 
wood in the United States has 
alarmed the manufacturers of wood- 
en vehicles to such an extent that 
at a meeting of over 200 represen- 

I tatives of these manufacturers, held 
at Chicago recently, the advisabil- 
ity of taking the matter before Con- 
gress was discussed, according to a 
prominent newspaper. Hickory 
trees have recently been attacked by 
an insect, which it is said is fast 

i destroying that class of timber. At 
a meeting it was declared 
that unless the Government took 
action in devising means by which 
these insects can be kept from 
breeding, in ten years practically all 

: the hickory trees in the United 
States will have been destroyed, 

"There are now but three states 
from which we can draw our sup- 

j plies/' said P. F. Van Behren, of 

! EvansVile. Ind.. "and hickory trees 
are becoming extinct in these 
states. The shortage in this article, 

J which is the most essential compo- 
nent of a wooden vehicle, will prob- 
ably necessitate a general raise of 
prices of all wooden vehicles." 

Whether a new enemy of the 
hickory tree has been developed or 
not — for it has always been a prey 
to boring insects — the supply is 
bound to become exhausted before 
long, unless some systematic plan 
is adopted to propagate the trees. 
This almost invaluable tree is not 
naturally prolific, but if one had the 
patience to wait for it to grow, it 
would seem as if its culture might 
be made a profitable one. Certain 
it is that unless something is done 
soon, vehicle-makers will have to 
devise a substitute of some sort. — 

I The Implement Trade Journal. 

Automobile Rules. 

Grab der veel vich is in front of 
you firmly mit both hands and put 
one foot on der accelerator. Now 
put der udder on der rheostat und 
let der left elbow chently touch der 
deodizer. Keep der blow pipe con- 
1 ecting mit der automatic fog vissle 
closely between red teeth, und let 
der right elbow be in touch mit der 
quadruplex while der apex of der 
left knee was pressed against der 
spark-coil. Keep both eyes on der 
road in front of you and der rest of 
vour face in der vaggon. Start der 
driving veels, repeat slowly der 
name of your favorite coroner, und 
leave der rest to fate. Dinken- 
speiler "Exchange." 

Fly Wheel Burgt. 

A peculiar accident happened it 
the Union Supply company's flour 
mill at Rosthern. Sask.. when 
packing around the throttle valve 
of the engine blew out and the es- 
caping steam caused the main belt 
to break. Two employees of the 
mill immediately ran to close off 
the steam by turning off the top 
valve of the boiler. 

Unfortunately they were too late 
as the engine had been running 
away for some few minutes and 
had attained terrific speed. The 
huge fly wheel, not being able to 
stand the speed, gave out, the 
spokes of the wheel were all brok- 
en, pieces of fifty and one hundred 
pounds weight being thrown in all 
directions. The main body of the 
big engine was also broken in two. 
The accident means a loss of at 
least $2,000 to the company. A 
new engine will be installed at 
once. No one was injured. 

Your Line for 1905 should include 


Diamond Harrows 

Made of wrought iron and steel. No holes 
punched in it to weaken it ; no nuts to lose 
off; no set screws to become loose. Sections 
are reversible. The strongest and most 
durable harrow made. 

Eveners for 3, 4, 5 or 6 sections. 

Head Office and Works 


Distributing Agencies 
Brandon, Regina, Calgary 

Winnioear, Manitoba 



February, 1905. 

Useful Slang. 

"Get Busy," "Keep Going" and 
"Do it Now," are phrases which at 
the present time are being used by 
a large number of people through- 
out this progressive land. What 
do they mean to you? Let us give 
the matter a few moments' study 
and go over the clauses separately. 

We will start with the first. "Get 
Busy." Are you getting busy? 
Are you getting matters into shape 
for the coming season's business 
or are you letting things take their 
own time? Spring is coming on 
apace. Soon will Old Winter 
throw off his hoary mantle and 
give way to seeding time. Are 
you looking up orders? Do you 
know that So-and-So is in need 
of a new plow, seeder, or some 
other implement in your line ? 
Have you got him down on your 
note book? If not, why not? Is 
his money not just as much good 
to you as it would be to the "other 
fellow?" If you are not looking 
after future orders you are not get- 
ting busy, and if you are not get- 
ting busy you are losing money. 
So much for the first phrase. 

Let us take the second. "Keep 
Going." Do you keep going, or 
are you working by fits and starts? 

Are you killing yourself by hard 
work one day and by indolence the 
next Don't do that. Success, 
and by the way that is what you 
are after, for success means so 
much more remueneration for you, 
is only gained by hard, persistent 
and earnest plugging. Are you 
working along this line or are you 
letting some competitor who is fol- 
lowing this course outstrip you? 
The harder you work, the more 
consistently you endeavor, the 
more energy, intellect and ability 
you put into your efforts the more 
ample will be your reward. There- 
fore, "Keep Going." 

Now with regard to the third 
item on the bill, "Do it Now." All 
important in your business and al- 
most synonymous with "Strike the 
Iron while it is Hot." There are 
many just waiting for the infor- 
mation you have with regard to 
that new threshing outfit that you 
were told Mr. Farmer was going 
to buy during the coming season. 
Have you seen Mr. Farmer and 
closed with him? Again we ask, 
if not, why not? "Do it Now." 
Some other fellow may have re- 
ceived the same tip that the party 
in question is in the market for a 
new machine and may be getting 

ready to go and see him. What 
is the matter with you? Why 
don't you go? Don't you want 
that piece of business? Perhaps 
it is some distance away and the 
roads are in bad shape and you are 
putting it off for a more favorable 
opportunity, if so, the Royal Mail 
has not gone out of business. Drop 
a card to the prospective buyer 
stating that you will call on him 
at an early date. Set the date, if 
at all possible. If you set the date 
be sure and be there. Tell him not 
to close with other dealers until 
he has seen you as you may have 
something to show him that will be 
to his advantage. Therefore, a 
good maxim when you hear of any 
new business is to "Do it Now." 

He Got Even. 

The captain of a steamer was 
once filling up his crew for a long 
voyage, when a seaman came up 
and said: "I want to sail with 
you, sorr." 

"All right, my man," replied the 
captain. "Where have you sailed 

"To Australia, sorr." 

"What nationality are you ?" 

"An Oirishman, sorr," was the 
read}' response. 

"Well, you must get a charac- 

This was obtained, and as the 
Irishman was presenting it another 
seaman came up and said he want- 
ed to join. 

"What line were you on before?" 

"American, sir." 

"What nationality?" 

"English, sir." 

"All right, go forward." 

Shortly after, as the two were 
swilling the decks in a heavy sea, 
the Englishman was swept over- 
board, bucket and all. 

Unmoved, Paddy finished his 
work, and then went to the cap- 
tain's cabin. 

"Come in," responded that offi- 
cer, in answer to his rap. "What's 
up now?" 

"You remember Bill Smith, the 
Englishman?" queried Pat. 

"Certainly, my man." 

"You took him without a charac- 

"I believe so. What of that?" 
"Well, sorr, he's gone overboard 

wid your bucket !" 

The Manufacturers' Association 
has forwarded a resolution of 
thanks to Sir William Mulock for 
the reduction of the postal rates to 


I Palmerston Carriages. § 

Every One 
|E Sold 
|= Will Sell 
~E Another. 

Bone Dry 






Patent Removable Bottoms in all Buggies. Send for Catalogue and prices, or when in Winnipeg call and see us at our 

new warehouse, corner King and James Streets. 

§E A. C. McRAE, 

Agent for 
Manitoba and Northwest Territories, 

Winnipeg, Manitoba. \ 

February, 1905. 


Put Yourself into Your Work. 

If you would have work count 
for something, put yourself into it; 
put character, originality, individu- 
ality into everything you do. Don't 
be satisfied to be an automaton. 
Determine that whatever you do in 
life shall be a part of yourself, and 
that it shall be stamped with super- 
iority. Remember that everything 
you do of real value must have the 
impress of yourself upon it, and 
let that be the evidence of excel- 
lence and superiority. 

You will find that devotion to 
your work will pay. Superiority 
of method, progressiveness, and 
up-to-dateness, leavened with your 
own individuality, are permanent. 

Do You Follow ? 

That a trade paper can be of 
great worth to the line of business 
it represents goes without com- 
ment and its worth can be meas- 
ured in proportion to its use. By 
this it is not meant the total issue 
printed and circulated altogether, 
but the total number of its interest- 
ed readers. This information can- 
not be easily obtained, but it is a 
well-known fact that a trade paper 
has vastly more readers than sub- 
scribers. There are several rea- 
sons for this. One reason is that 
a tradesman .who thinks he cannot 
afford to subscribe for one of his 
trade papers will borrow his neigh- 
bors. He is like the man without 
a watch. He wants to know the 
time, and to learn it he must con- 
sult the watch of another man. 
Another method by which extra 
readers are gained is through the 
proprietors or managers of estab- 
lishments. They realize the worth 

of a paper akin to their business, 
and will often pass their trade 
papers around among their em-> 
ployees. Some firms go further 
and will subcribe for a dozen or 
more of these papers and distribute 
them among their employees. 
They do this because they want 
keen, bright, well read men behind 
their line of business, and the 
trade reviews sharpen these vir- 
tues. The public libraries also 
realize their value and are among 
the great patronizers of the trade 
press issues, and supply their 
shelves liberally with them. There 
they are read and re-read by a 
large number of trade people. 
Many expert tradesmen who have 
risen from the ranks will admit 
that they owe their success, in a 
large measure, to the keen interest 
with which for years they have fol- 
lowed the progress and policy out- 
lined by the leading papers of the 
trade, of which they were a part. 

— Trade Press List. 

Big Increase in Railway Mileage Canadian Carriages in Australia 

What Trade Journals Do 

Trade journals have come to 
1 stay. Business men recognize their 
value. The postoffice officials can- 
not suppress them by unfair dis- 
crimination, for they dissemirate 
views of vital interest to the com- 
mercial world. They advocate 
I new ideas that are valuable to their 
readers. They unsparingly criti- 
1 cize and expose trade evils. They 
' put men in close touch with each 
other to the benefit and profit of 
both. Their value and their useful- 
ness to the commercial welfare and 
business interests of the. country 
cannot be questioned. — White's 
Class Advertising. 

The railway department has 
completed the compilation of the 
railway statistics up to June 30, 
1904; the mileage of steam rail- 
ways in Canada on that date was 
19,61 1 , compared with 19,077 in 
1903, an increase of over 500 miles. 
The paid-up capital, including Do- 
minion, provincial and municipal 
subsidies, was $1,186,646,918, com- 
pared with $1,146,550,769 in 1903, 
or an increase of nearly $40,000,- 
000. The gross earnings were 
$10,219,436, an increase of $4,154,- 
909; working expenses, $174,563,- 
162, an increase of $7,081,638. 

The net earnings were $25,656,- 
274, a decrease of $2,926,729 over 
1903. There were 23,640,765 pas- 
sengers carried, an increase of 
1,492,023; freight, 48,097,519 tons, 
an increase of 724,102 tons. 
Twenty-five passengers were kill- 
ed, as compared with 53 in 1903. 

Dominion Exhibition for New 
Westminster, B.C. 

( hving to the strong representa- 
tions made to the Dominion Gov- 
ernment by the members from the 
Province "beyond the Rockies, it 
has been decided to give New 
Westminster, B.C., the sum of 
$50,000 for exhibition purposes 
this year. This amount will be 
spent along the same lines as at 
the Dominion Exhibition held here 
last year, viz., in increasing the 
prize lists, in supplying expert 
judges, in assisting other provinces 
to make exhibits by granting re- 
bates on freight rates, in erecting 
new buildings and in generally 
making the exhibits larger and 
more educational. 

-Mr. D. H. Ross, the Canadian 
commercial agent at Melbourne. 
Australia, writes as follows in re- 
gard to "Canadian Carriages iYl 
Western Australia": Recent ad- 
vices from Freemantle and Perth 
indicate that the first shipment of 
Canadian carriages to Western 
Australia has given every satisfac- 
tion. The company, which handled 
these goods, is hopeful of largelv 
increasing the trade by having ve- 
hicles built according to the speci- 
fications required by that State. 
As pointed out in previous reports 
there is a fine carriage business to 
develop in Western Australia, and 
another importing concern at Free- 
mantle has been supplied with car- 
riage catalogues, which I had avail- 
able at this office, as they urgently 
required them." 

Definitions of a Baby. 

A London paper offered a prize 
I for the best definition of a baby. 
The last one of the following was 
the winner : 

"A bachelor's horror, the moth- 
er's treasure, and the despotic ty- 
rant of the most republican house- 

"The morning caller, noonday 
crawler, and midnight bawler." 

"A native of all countries, who 
speaks the language of none." 

"A few inches of coo and wig- 
gle, writhe and scream, filled with 
suction and testing apparatus for 
milk, an automatic alarm to regu- 
late late supply." 

"A little stranger with a free 
pass to the heart's best affections." 




Baggage bonded through to Canadian points, no customs inspection. 

Thoroughly Modern Equipment. 

Train leaves C.N Ry. Depot 5.20 p.m. dally. 
H. J. SMITH, D. F. & P. A. D. T. CUMMINGS. Ticket Agent. 

F. I. WHITNEY, G. P. & T. A.. St. Paul, Minn. 

The Short Line 

and Route of the 


Winnipeg, Man. :c -?r>> Minneapolis & St. Paul 

TWO THROUGH TRAINS with First-class Sleepers and Dining Car Service DAILY 

Connecting in Union Depot, St. Paul, with trains to and from Chicago and all Eastern 
and Southern points. 


C.N. -G.N. Line 
The Busy Man's Train 

Lv. Winnipeg - - - 17.20 k 
Ar. Minneapolis - - 7.35 k 
Ar. St. Paul - - - - 8.05 k 

C.N. N P. Line 

Lv. St. Paul - - 
Lv. Minneapolis 
Ar. Winnipeg - 

17.15 k 
17 50 k 
7.30 k 

Lv. Winnipeg - - - 13.40 k 
n Ar. Minneapolis - - 6.50 k 

Daily Ar St. Paul - - - - 7.25 k 

Lv. St. Paul ... - 20.00 k 
Lv. Minneapolis - - 20.35 k 
Ar. Winnipeg - - - 13 35 k 

For Tickets, Sleeping Car Berth Reservations and Fuller Informa'ion apply 
to any agent Canadian Northern Railway. 
Cor. Main St. and Portage Ave., Phone 1066. Water St. Depot, Phone a8a6. 



February, 1905. 

Don't Neglect Business. 

To neglect business is to reject 
success. There isn't anything else 
for it. The man who is careless 
about his appointments, lavish in 
his promises, and negligent in 
keeping them, whether he be 
preacher, teacher, merchant or 
roustabout — and one calling is as 
honorable as another, provided the 
man that fills it is as honorable as 
the other — is doomed to failure. 
The sooner we realize this and 
mend our ways, or stand aside and 
make room for another, the better 
will it be for all. 

Men are full of fault-finding. 
They are ever ready to blame 
others for their failures. They 
believe if they could just have 
things to their liking they would 
do such wonders! But, really, no 
man ever succeeded who was able 
to travel all the distance from start 
to finish in an automobile. No 
man could get up enough ambition 
to succeed in anything on a bed of 
roses. There might be roses bor- 
dering the path of success, but it's 
the thorns that spur a man on. He 
feels them, while he does not even 
see the roses. 

Success cannot easily be won. 
No man ever did win it easily, and 
no man ever will win it easily. It 
doesn't grow on low, hanging 

The man who is always grum- 
bling, is always fumbling. AYhile 
he is complaining of this difficulty 
and that, and bemoaning his lot, 
somebody else by his side is work- 
ing out problems and surmounting 
difficulties far greater than his. 
And without a whimper! 

YVhv, bless you. it never was in- 

tended that man should live with- 
out having something to overcome. 
Life wouldn't be worth living if 
there were no trials to test and give 
us more strength and courage. All 
trials are blessings. 

We plead for more grace, more 
faith, more love; and neglect to 
exercise what we have ! Go ye to 
a professional gymnast and ask 
him to increase your muscular 
power, your agility and bodily 
grace. Will he tell you to go 
home and what you ask for will be 
sent you by special carrier? Not 
much! He lays out a course for 
you to follow that compels you to 
exercise — exercise — what you've 
got. You can get no more until i 
you do. Thus we find it in all of I 
the faculties of the brain and heart. ; 
We grow strong in the thinge we 
exercise. That is why obstacles 
make for success. Each^ gives us 
strength for the next. 

— H. M. Walker. 

Two Sides to a Question. 

A large delegation of lumber- 
men, organized by representatives 
from British Columbia, waited on 
the Dominion Government on the 
7th inst, with a view to having a 
duty of $2 per thousand placed on 
all roug-h lumber coming into 

Canada from the United States, 
British Columbia lumbermen speci- 
ally complaining that unless a high- 
er protective duty is placed on the 
rough material that the mills of the 
Pacific Province will be forced to 
go out of business. The Premier 
promised the delegation that the 
matter would have the most earnest 
consideration of the Government, 
and stated that he was much im- 

pressed with the views presented 
by those present. 

No sooner was it announced that 
such action had been taken by the 
lumbermen of Canada than the 
Grain Growers' Association of 
Manitoba, in session at Brandon, 
passed strong resolutions endorsing 
the Govenrnment's present policy, 
pointing out the direct loss that 
would accrue to the settlers of this 
Province and to the North West 
Territories if a duty were placed 
on rough lumber. They also 
recommended that the present duty 
on dressed lumber be removed. 
They gave as the principal reason 
for this that as Canada is a lumber- 
ing country there ought to be no 
reason in the world why Canadian 
lumbermen should fail to be able 
to meet outside competition. 


We note from a recent issue of 
Farm Implements that Mr. S. E. 
Davis, President of the Monitor 
Drill Co., of Minneapolis, Minn., 
has again shown his interest in the 
welfare of his employees in a tan- 
gible manner. At the Company's 
annual meeting he made an outright 
donation of $28,000 for the benefit 
of his workmen. To all who were 
fifteen years in the service of the 
Company a present of two shares of 
stock was made, and to all who 
were employed between twelve and 
fifteen years one share was allotted. 
In this way twenty-five workmen 
shared stock to the amount of 
$3,000. Besides this, Mr. Davis 
personally transferred stock to the 
value of $25,000, bearing interest 
at 6 per cent, for the establishment 
of a permanent fund for the benefit 
of employees in need of assistance. 

The Quick Lunch. 

Who can write the life tragedies 
that may be traced to the "bolting" 
of lunches at "quick lunch count- 
ers?" Yet it would seem that even 
a "quick lunch" is becoming too 
slow for us. Recently we saw a 
sign in the window and over the 
door of a New York restaurant, 
announcing "The Quicker Lunch." 
"The quickest lunch" will probably 
soon follow. Indeed, many young 
business men do not take time even 
to go to a lunch counter. They 
have luncheon brought to their 
offices, where they talk business 
while they dine. 

Has life become so rapid that a 
man can not take time to eat? Is 
it possible that he can allow him- 
self only ten minutes for luncheon ; 
and that, even while eating, he can 
not take time to smile, or to turn 
off the steam, but must keep the 
throttle valve of his thinking 
machine wide open — planning, 
(planning, thinking, thinking? 

We have become mad in the 
matter of dollar-chasing. Not 
1 long ago a business man was heard 
to say that his partner, who had 
recently married, "took his wed- 
ding trip on an elevator in a New 
York sky-scraper." It was the 
only time he felt he could take to 
celebrate such a minor affair as his 
marriage ! 

A man can not be normal, and 
can not reach his best while living 
at such a high rate of speed. We 
can not, under existing conditions, 
attain that exquisite poise of 
character, that mental balance, and 
that harmonious bearing which 
should distinguish a great people, 
of a highly civilized race. 

Made In Canada? 

Sectional Book=Cases 

"Meet Present Requirements 
— Future Needs." 

-Write us '.for Catalogue and Prices. 
MB We will be pleased to quote you onir* 

Office Desks, School Desks, 
Letter Filing Cabinets, 
and Card Systems 

Office Specialty Mfg. Co., Limited 

126 Princess Street, Winnipeg 

When writing mention Canadian Farm Implements 

391 Main St. 



East, West South 

Including OCEAN TICKETS to 


Pullman Sleepers. 

All Equipment First-Class. 

For Reservation of Berths and Tickets, apply to 

R. CREELMAN, Ticket Agent 1 391 MAIN ST., WINNIPEG. 
H. SWINFORD, General Agent j Phone 1446. 

February, 1905. 




The Dealer About 

C mmpion Qeering McC ormick 




which have behind them an organization possessing the Resources, Stability and permanency of the International Harvester 
Company of America ? 

You never find counterfeits in nature. 

This explains why the farmer is known as the shrewdest of all buyers. His occupation, 
his close association with nature year in and year out has taught him to abhor counterfeits. 
He steers clear of them especially when it comes to purchasing farm machines or imple- 
ments. He wants the very best; he demands that a machine possess the merits claimed for it; it must be exactly as repre- 

If a buyer should ask you what features determine the value or usefulness of a machine, you would answer ; the 
quality of the material and the method of construction. 

You as a business man, Mr. Dealer, realize that a machine possessing these features must hare behind its manufacture 
vast resources. The manufacturer must be in a position to purchase or produce the very l>est quality of raw material. He 
must be in a position to transform this raw material into finished product according to the most improved methods of manu- 
facture, which means that he must employ experts, to supervise every detail of manufacture, and modern machinery of every description to 
perform the various operations in the shortest possible time and in the best manner. 

The great plant at Hamilton, Ontario, where Champion, Deering and McCormick machines are manufactured, is known as the most 
perfectly-equipped industrial plant in the world for the manufacture of harvesting machines. That is why Champion, Deering and 
McCormick machines possess a quality which cannot be excelled, and that is why the Canadian farmers demand an output which is almost 
greater than this immense plant can produce. 

The vast resources of the manufacturers of these machines are a protection for you; a guarantee against inferior quality and cheap 

When you sell a Champion, Deering or McCormick, you sell quality of the kind that satisfies your trade. 

DlVDlkJl A MITMi^V rHICITDCC Farm machines and implements are not bought for a single year, but for use during many 
riilCIVlAIMtlMC Y ILi\t3lJKlli>3 years. Consequently, it is essential, not only that the trade may obtain repair parts quickly, but 
CONTINUED SUCCESS* * Qa ^ ^ey ma y be certain of securing them 110 matter how many years their implements last. 

The permanency of the International Harvester Company of America is your guarantee, 
Mr. Dealer, that whenever you sell a Champion, Deering or McCormick machine you, will be able to furnish the repair parts quickly and 

In other words, the permanency of this great company protects you and your trade. 

A house built upon the sands must fall. You know, Mr. Dealer, that if you would prosper you 
must cater to your trade. Unless you endeavor to meet the demands of the farmer, you are build- 
THE MOST IMPROVED ing a house upon the sands. 

FARM H/l ACHflMFSi Stability comes with public endorsement. Public endorsement is the reward of merit. 

*r ilrl/»VOIlHIj^« The immense plant at Hamilton, the vast capital invested, and the world-wide and com- 

plete selling organization which puts Champion, Deering and McCormick machines before the farming world, are indications of a stability 
not possessed by any other concern in the world devoted to the manufacture or sale of harvesting machines and implements. 

You see, Mr. Dealer, this rmarkable stability behind Champion, Deering and McCormick machines is the safest guarantee in the 
world that you will always have the very best machines to sell that human ingenuity can manufacture. 


Mr. Dealer: Satisfy your trade and your trade will satisfy you. 


Binders. Reapers. 
Mowers. Rakes. 
Binder Twine, Knlle Grinders 

Deering & McCormick 

Binders, Reapers. Tedders. 

Mowers. Rakes, Disk Drills. 

Binder Twine, Knife Grinders. Shoe Drills, 

Smoothing Harrows. 

Out-throw Disk Harrows 

Lever Smoothing 


International Harvester Company of America 

Canadian Branches : Calgary, London, Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, Winnipeg, Regina, St. John 


February, 1905. 

Cockshutt Plow Co. l 




Tmnlamnnf Man Wecan su PP ] y y° n with a com P lete line - ° ur 

rillUltJlIlCIl L 111 U II implements are the most popular and up-to-date 

on the market. 


Fop 1905 
Cockshutt Drills 

The most successful drill ever 

Disc Harrows 

Single and double levers, 
Fifteen different sizes. 
Built almost entirely of steel, and 
adapted for the roughest kind of 
work. It gives satisfaction where 
others fail. 

Harrows of All Kinds 

Plows of All Kinds 

The Empire Gang 

A practical, all-round, light, three horse steel 
gang plow, cutting 24 inches wide. The Empire 
was the first plow of its kind introduced. It is. 
still in advance of all similar plows. 


Adams Wagons Armstrong Buggies Ideal Windmills 


Cockshutt Plow Co. w i±£ eg 

Vol. I, No.: 1 .. 


Fifty fentx Per Year Single Coi ies 
Postage Paid Anywhere. Ki\ e Cent**. 


Head Office ■ Quebec. 
Authorized Capital - - $4,000,000 
Paid-Up Capital - $2,500,000 
Rest - $1,000,000 


Edmonton L,umsden Rapid City 
Ft. Saskatchewan Regina 
Frank Maeleod Russell 
Glenboro Mariitou Saskatoon 
Gretna Medicine Hat 
Hamiota Melita Shoal Lake 
Hartney M innedosa sintaluta 
High RiverMoosejaw Souris 
Holland Moosomin Virden 
Indian Hd Morden Wapella 
Crystal City Inuisfail Neepawa Wawanesa 
Cypress River Okotoks Weyburn 

Deloraine Killarney Oxbow Winnipeg 
Didsbury Lethbrid'gePincherCk Wolseley 

Interest allowed on Savings Bank deposits at 
all branches at highest cui rent rates. Collections 
made at all points at lowest rates. The exten- 
sive branch system of this bank enables it to offer 
exceptional facilities to its customers. 
Winnipeg Branch GEO. BOWLES, Mgr. 


Established 1849 Capital and Surplus {1,500,000 

Offices throughout the civilized world. Correspondence Invited. 

OFFICES IN CANADA— Halifax, N S.. Montreal, Que., St. John, N.B , Hamilton, Ont., 

Ottawa, Ont., Toronto, Ont., London. Out.. Quebec. Que , Vancouver, B C. 
C. G. SCHAFFTER, Superintendent, Union Bank Bldg., WINNIPEG, MAN. 


Good Harness 

And for this write to 

The Great West Saddlery Co. 

Winnipeg, Man., or Calgary, Alta., for their latest Illustrated Catalogue. 







No one can give you a better deal.' 



LE ROY PEr.LETIEK, Special Correspondent 
of the New York Times, says :—" I went into the 

Klondike in 1897 taking my " Blick." With 

there were two other correspondents, they each 
taking one of the larger machines, neither of 
which could stand the rough usage Thus my 
machine not only did my own work but the work 
of my brother correspondents as well. In 1898 I 
was President of the Yukon Mining Exchange, 
and the little " Blick." did all the work of the es- 
tablishment, which handled nearly all of the 
mining property that was transferred in Dawson 
that year. I refused gioo.oo for the machine. It 
has never been repaired during the four years 
which I have owned it." — — — Why 
pay $1-5.00 for a typewriter when I will sell you 
our No. 7 office machine for $55.00 or our No .1 
Portable and Office machine for $40.00 •.' If you 
renuire a typewriter let me hear from you. I 
can interest yon. 


When writing advertisers, kindly mention Canadian Farm Implements. 



Building Materials of every Description in 




Tell us all about your requirements 
and ask for our 1905 Catalog. 


246 Princess Street 

Winnipeg, Man. 


March, 1905. 


Gang and Sulky Plows 


This is the Empire 

The Strongest and Best Working Light Gang 
Plow on the Market. Will clean in any soil. v 

Three horses will handle it anywhere. 

A source of satisfaction to the Farmer. 

A Money Maker for the Dealer. 

Our Leaders 

Cockshutt Gang Plows Cockshutt Sulky Plows 

Cockshutt Walking Plows 
Cockshutt Drills. Cockshutt Disc Harrows 

Ideal Windmills 
Adams Wagons Armstrong Buggies 


Improved for 1905. With New Foot Lift and 
1000-mile Dust-proof Axle. Look it up before 



The most popular Sulky Plow in Canada. 

Has many improvements for this season. 
For Breaking this Plow Cannot Be Equalled. 


Factory, Brantford. 


Vol. I, No. 3. 


Scbscription Price •[ f " y'S 5 oc. 

Our Critics. 

Criticism is the lot of every new 
effort, no matter what line that 
effort may take. It is either favor- 
ahle or unfavorable. There is 
scarcely any medium in criticism. 
It is like the Irish politician's say- 
ing: — "Are you 'wid us or agin 
us ?" 

That is just where critics stand. 
If they are not "wid you," they 
are "agin you." 

It has been our fate, seeing that 
we started Canadian Farm Imple- 
ments, to bunt right into a bunch 
of criticism but, so far, it has been 
of the most favorable sort, and we 
feel that, in order to show our 
proper appreciation of those who 
commended our efforts, that we 
should publish them for your bene- 

We do not wish to "blow our 
own horn" as we feel that the fol- 
lowing pointed paragraphs will 
ably do that for us. 

Canadian Farm Implements is a 
new journal published at Winnipeg, 
Manitoba. It is a very creditable 
publication, and we wish it success. 
—"The Plow Share," Omaha, Neb. 

Canadian Farm Implements is 
the name of a new publication, the 
initial number of which has come 
to us from Winnipeg, Man. It is 
a healthly-looking youngster and 
creditable to the publishers and 
editors in every way. — "Implement 
Age." Philadelphia. Pa. 

Canadian Farm Implements is 
the name of a new publication is- 
sued in Winnipeg, with F. D. 
Blakely as the directing spiric. 
Farm Implements is intended to be 
a medium of communication be- 
tween manufacturers of farm im- 
plements and agents engaged in 
selling them. If the new paper 
does not fulfil its mission, it will 
not be for lack of energy and enter- 
prise on the part of Mr. Rlakely. — 
"Weekly Sun," Toronto, Ont. 

The. trade papers of Winnipeg 
have had an addition to their num- 
ber in Canadian Farm Implements, 

the first issue of which has just 
appeared. Mr. F. D. Blakely, late 
of the Nor'- West Fanner, is presi- 
dent and manager of the publish- 
ing company. The new publica- 
tion starts out with a generous 
volume of advertising, and has a 
prosperous and enterprising appear- 
ance. It is to be published month- 
ly, and it declares itself to be "de- 
voted to the interests of dealers in 
and manufacturers of agricultural 
implements and vehicles. — "Free 
Press," Winnipeg. 

Canadian Farm Implements is 
the name of a new implement trade 
journal published monthly at Win- 
nipeg, Man. The January number, 
issued last week, makes a creditable 
showing in all respects. The pub- 
lishers are F. D. Blakely and P. G. 
Van Vleet. Mr. Van Vleet is well 
known to the trade as publisher of 
the Canadian Implement and Ve- 
hicle Trade, of Toronto, one of the 
best papers of its class. — "Farm 
Implement News," Chicago, 111. 

The initial number of Canadian 
Farm Implements, Winnipeg, Can- 
ada, is before us. If the subse- 
quent numbers are as well patron- 
ized as this one, its promoters have 
selected the proper place for its 
headquarters — the Union Bank 
Building — where they can drop the 
cash down a chute to the strong- 
box. The new venture starts out 
full of advertising and chock full of 
interesting matter and will prove 
a valuable factor to the dealers 
in farm machinery in King 
Edward's Dominion. It is a 
monthly of the regulation size and 
its subscription price is fifty cents 
a year. F. D. Blakely, an old news- 
paper man, is president and 
manager, and P. (>. Van Vleet, of 
the Canadian Implement Trade, of 
Toronto, is vice-president. — 
"American Thresherman." Madi- 
son, Wis. 

The first issue of a new monthly 
journal. Canadian Farm Imple- 
ments, has been received by The 
Telegram and proves to be a first 
class initial number. F. D. Blake- 

ly, so well-known from his eight 
years' connection with the Nor'- 
West Farmer, is the president and 
manager of the company by which 
the journal is published. 

Canadian Farm Implements has 
its headquarters in Winnipeg, and 
is to be devoted exclusively to the 
interests of dealers in and manu- 
facturers of agricultural imple- 
ments and vehicles. A glance 
through the pages of the first issue 
shows that no pains have been 
spared to provide excellent reading 
for those connected with the line 
of business to which the paper is 
devoted. — "Telegram," Winnipeg. 

The initial number of "Canadian 
Farm Implements" has been re- 
ceived, published at Winnipeg, 
Manitoba, Canada, by F. D. Blake- 
ly and P. G. Van Vleet. It is a 
handsome journal from cover to 
cover, contains live reading matter 
and is well patronized by adver- 
tisers. That it will be a success is 
evident from the fact that "Van" 
is at the wheel — an old experienced 
trade journal man, who knows how 
to steer the journalistic ship into 
smooth waters. Success to the new 
venture is our hearty wish. — "The 
Implement & Vehicle News." Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

Canadian. Farm Implements is 
the title of a new monthly trade 
paper published at Winnipeg, 
Manitoba, by Canadian Farm Im- 
plements, Ltd., which is F. D. 
Blakely and also P. G. Van Vleet, 
of the Canadian Implement and 
Vehicle Trade, of Toronto. The 
paper will be devoted to furthering 
the interests of manufacturers of 
and dealers in farm implements 
and vehicles, and the initial issue 
just received is a bright and well 
printed paper that gives bright 
promise for future issues. It is 
in the hands of men who have 
already achieved marked success 
in the implement trade paper busi- 
ness, and the success and healthy 
growth of the new venture is as- 
sured.— "The Threshermen's Re- 
view," St. Joseph, Mich. 


Far to the north, where the 
groundhog nestles close to himself 
to keep warm and where the ther- 
mometer mercury sticks close to the 
bulb* throughout the winter, a new 
implement journal has been born. 
It is known as "Canadian Farm 
Implements." It is a monthly, is 
published at Winnipeg, Man., and 
its officers are Mr. F. D. Blakely, 
president and manager, and Mr. P. 
G. Van Vleet, vice-president. It 
states "it does not come to fill a 
long-felt want." That's good. It 
has come because it believes there is 
a field there for a trade paper. 
That's better. Here's hoping that 
the new journal editors get three 
square meals per day and enough 
coal to keep the winter fires going. 
This they undoubtedly will if 
they maintain the standard of the 
first number. — "Farm Machinery," 
St. Louis, Mo. 

"Canadian Farm Implements" is 
the name of an implement monthly 
that has just been started at Win- 
nipeg, the first number being sent 
out in January. The journal is 
published by Canadian Farm Im- 
plements, Limited, with F. D. 
Blakely as president and manager. 
Mr. Blakely has had considerable 
experience in newspaper work, 
having for several years been on 
the business staff of The Nor'- West 
Farmer. He is possessed of a great 
deal of energy, and with the Cana- 
dian West as a hitherto unoccu- 
pied territory in the line of journal- 
ism that his company is to follow, 
the venture should be a successful 
one. We note that in the editorial 
announcement of Canadian Farm 
Implements the estimate is made 
that about eight million dollars is 
each year spent by Western Cana- 
dian farmers on farm implements. 
The typographical appearance of 
the issue in our hands is very attrac- 
tive. The journal contains 24 
pages and has a liberal patronage 
of local advertising. — "Nor'-West 
Farmer," Winnipeg. 



March, 1905. 

Our New Neighbor. 

"Copies of the January and Feb- 
ruary issues of the "Canadian Farm 
Implements," a new monthly im- 
plement trade journal published in 
the city of Winnipeg, Manitoba, 
have reached our exchange desk. 
The initial numbers are decidedly 
interesting and ably edited. Messrs 
F. D. Blakely and P. G. Van Vleet, 
well known Canadian journalists, 
are at the helm and will, we are 
sure, pilot the new, sturdy craft, 
safely past the rocks and shoals of 
the business seas, into the harbor of 
success. ' ' — North-west Implement 
Trade, Fargo, N. D. 


Believing that the development 
of Canada in the near future will 
be beyond precedent in the history 
of nations, and that especially in the 
great agricultural North-West, the 
gain in volume of the business in 
the lines we are connected with 
will continue to grow and advance, 
and that the City of Winnipeg, that 
wonderful city of the North-West, 
is destined to become the great cen- 
tre of all America for the distribu- 
tion of agricultural implements, 
and in the effort to better cater to 
the wants of the dealer in imple- 
ments of all kinds, we succeeded* 
in inducing Mr. F. D. Blakely, a 
gentleman long and favorably 
known to the trade, through his 
connection with The Nor'-West 
Farmer, to join us in the publica- 
tion of "Canadian Farm Imple- 
ments," a monthly trade paper for 
dealers, the first issue of which was 
presented to our friends and patrons 
last month, and for which we ask 
the friendship and support of the 
dealers in, and manufacturers of, 
implements in our great and grow- 
ing country, and especially Mani- 

toba and the Western provinces. 

In publishing this paper from 
Winnipeg, in connection with the 
"Canadian Implement and Vehicle 
Trade," from Toronto, we will try 
hard and earnestly to build up and 
strengthen the dealer and the trade 
all over Canada, and in every way 
possible to advance the interests we 
are identified with. 

We thank you one and all for 
the generous support you have 
given us in the past and will try, 
hard to merit a continuance of your 
valued favors in the future. 

P. G. Van Vleet, Editor,- 
"Canadian Implement & Vehicle 
Trade," Toronto. 

The second issue of Canadian 
Farm Implements has reached our 
desk. The pace set by the ffrst 
number was by no means lost sight 
of, with the result that a clean, 
well edited, business-looking journal 
has been given to the implement 
dealers of Western Canada. Cana- 
nian Farm Implements is the only 
exclusive dealer's paper in Canada 
West, and as such should receive 
their heart}- support both by word 
and deed (subscriptions). Mr. F. 
D. Blakely, who is president and 
manager, is to be complimented 
upon the success of his efforts. — 
Canadian Thresherman, Winnipeg. 

Name Wanted. 

We received one of our return 
subscription post cards from a 
reader at Dominion City, Man., 01; 
which lie failed to place his name, 
consequently we do not know from 
which of our readers, at that post 
office, the card came. We would 
be glad to have the sender drop us 
another card, giving name, and re- 
questing that we mail our paper to 

Trouble for Standard Oil Go. 

It appears as if a determined 
and united effort is about to be 
made to curb the power of the 
Standard Oil monopoly. The 
State Legislature of Kansas has, as 
previously reported, adopted a bill 
for the creation of a State refinery 
to compete with the great private 
monopoly, and has followed this by 
active measures to put the new law 
into effect.. In addition to this, 
similar measures are proposed in 
Iowa, Colorado, Texas, and Mis- 
souri, while 17 Western States all 
told have asked for a copy of the 
Kansas bill for the creation of a 
State refinery. 

The National Congress has also 
moved. The House of Represen- 
tatives has unanimously adopted a 
resolution calling upon the Secre- 
tary of Commerce and Labor to 
investigate the cause of low prices 
of crude petroleum in some parts 
of the United States and the wide 
margin between crude oil and 
finished petroleum. Steps have 
already been taken for the purpose 
of beginning this investigation. 

Out of the discussion of the spe- 
cific subject something else has 
followed, a recognition of the abso- 
lute necessity of effective control 
of all great private corporations 
and the growing belief that the 
only means of effective control will 
be found in public ownership. At 
a recent banquet of the Merchants' 
Club of Chicago, the Democratic 
Governor of Minnesota and the Re- 
publican Governor of Iowa joined 
in declaring that if competition is 
to be suppressed through private 
monopoly the feeling in favor of 
public ownership must grow. 

It is no wonder that public 
opinion has been aroused. A year 

ago the Standard Oil Company was 
paying $[.04 per barrel for crude 
oil ; during the last twenty-two 
months, within each period Kansas 
production! has shown wonderful 
development, the prices have been 
dropped to 48c, and the Standard 
Oil monopoly, by reason of the 
monopoly heretofore enjoyed, has 
received for itself the entire benefit 
of the difference between 48c. and 
$1.04. ^ _ 

"Good Man— Good Fellow." 

"Alfter all we say and do, we find 
there comes to us a satisfaction in 
dealing with the man who under- 
stands his business. We may give 
our trade to the Good Fellow for 
awhile, but finally the man of merit 

"Time was when Good Fellows 
got most of the orders. They got 
their customers full and had high 
old times, but the business man 
who has to go out for a 'high old 
time' with a 1'good fellow' when he 
wants to give an order will 'bust' 
nine times out of ten. We are 
getting wiser, and 'business is 
business' with people who know 
their business. 

"The man who is earnest, keeps 
a clear head and studies his busi- 
ness is the man who has a compe- 
tence when he is fifty. 

"The good fellow at fifty is a 
'has been' and works for the other 
man as shipping clerk for $40 a 

"Good fellows are found mostly 
where there is eating, drinking and 
gaiety, and are usually employees, 
not employers. Good men are to 
be found wherever there are great 
undertakings and great requi re- 
quirements. Be a 'good man,' not 
a 'good fellow.' " — The Star 

A Good Thing ! 

Most o-F us are after the Good Things 
0"F li-Fe- Here are Three of them : 




Our Goods are Sold through Agents on Com mission. One Agent 
recently cleared nearly $200.00 in a. single month on our lines alone. 
This is possible for YOU, and we trust that You are sufficiently inter- 
ested to write us about it. 


The Windmill 

len o-F the West." 

March, 1905. 


Threatened Shortage of Gaso- 

The Iron Age, a prominent 
United States trade paper, has the 
following to say regarding a prob- 
able shortage and increase in price 
of gasoline: — 

The Standard Oil Company is 
sounding a note of warning to 
makers, sellers and users of gaso- 
line engines, stoves, launches and 
automobiles. The warning is to 
the effect that the phenomenal in- 
crease in the consumption olf gaso- 
line for heating, lighting and power 
purposes will inevitably lead to a 
shortage and higher prices. Only 
a few years ago gasoline was an 
almost unsaleable by-product of 
petroleum, and in line with its pol- 
icy of creating a demand for slow 
selling products that company fos- 
tered and stimulated the manufac- 
ture and sale of gasoline stoves. 
Then came the gasoline engine, and 
on its heels the automobile, follow- 
ed by extensive systems of domes- 
tic and municipal lighting by gaso- 
line. Three or four years ago the 
Standard Oil Company, reading 
the future in the conditions already 
existing, began to warn the public 
that the supply of gasoline would 
soon be inadequate to the demand. 

But this warning has been largely 
dismissed by the trade and the pub- 
lic at large as only another "Stan- 
dard Oil scheme." Fortunately, 
the supply of petroleum has re- 
cently been greatly increased, or 
the threatened shortage might have 
become a fact. 

In refining crude petroleum only 
from 8 to 10 per cent, of naphthas 
is produced, depending on the grav- 
ity of the oil. From these naph- 
thas only about 50 per cent, of 
gasoline can be obtained, so that 
the maximum production of gaso- 
line is limited to an average of 5 
per cent, of the crude oil refined. 
But the actual production of gaso- 
line is limited in other ways. As 
soon as the refiners discover that 
they are glutting the market on the 
principal petroleum products — 
kerosene, paraffine and lubricating 
oils — they cease refining. It is 
stated that this condition is immi- 
nent, as there has already accumu- 
lated, a very great surplus, par- 
ticularly of refined oil, and the re- 
fineries will not continue to make 
and store such surplus for the sake 
of producing the small percentage 
of naphthas, no matter how great 
may be the demand for this class 
of product. 

The immediate remedy for the 
excessive demand for gasoline is 
likely to be sharp advances in price 
until the price becomes prohibitive 
for ordinary purposes, the high 
prices been maintained until the 
production can catch up with the 
demand and an equilibrium be res- 
tored. Another remedy which is 
being strongly exploited by the 
Standard Oil Company is the 
manufacture and sale of stoves that 
burn kerosene instead of gasoline. 
The manufacture of oil burning 
engines, in which the oil is vapor- 
ized in hot tubes and the resulting 
gas exploded similar to the gaso- 
line engine, is also receiving the 
encouragement of that company. 
Efforts are also being made to per- 
fect oil burning automobile engines. 
Makers of gasoline lighting sys- 
tems for homes, stores and towns 
are charged with working the 
greatest damage in proportion to 
the success of their operations, be- 
cause every system they install 
reduces the consumption of the too 
plentiful kerosene and substitutes 
for it a product that cannot be made 
without producing six or seven 
times its volume in the kerosene 
which it displaces. Here, too, 
earnest missionary work is being 

Every manufacturer of gasoline 

stoves, engines and lamps will have 
to decide for himself how much 
truth is in the Standard Oil Com- 
pany's warning, and every jobber 
and dealer who has now in stock 
machines and devices whose sale 
depends on the ready supply of 
gasoline at a low price will have 
to do the same. The promises and 
conclusions seem to be sound and 
logical, and the subject is certainly 
worthy of careful studv. 

Fairbanks Co. Reorganize. 

On the 15th day of March, the 
Canadian interests of The Fair- 
banks Company of New York City, 
passed into the hands of a new or- 
ganization which is now known as 
The Canadian Fairbanks Company 
Limited, who have branches in To- 
ronto, Winnipeg and Vancouver, 
and headquarters at Montreal. The 
company will manufacture Fair- 
banks standard scales, valves, en- 
gines, etc., and as soon as the 
weather permits a factory will be 
erected in the east for the above 
purpose. The business heretofore 
carried on in Winnipeg will con- 
tinue as usual, and the officials on 
being interviewed state that every- 
thing points to a very satisfactory 
year. The leading lines handled 
by the company are scales, valves, 
mill supplies, machine tools, plumb- 
ing supplies, pipe and fittings, and 
the company have a large trade 
throughout Manitoba and the North 
West Territories. 

I Fairbanks Standard Scales U 






The quality of a Scale is not in question when the name 
FAIRBANKS is used. All the wheat shipped out through 
Fort William and Port Arthur is bought on FAIRBANKS 
Weights. The acme of scale building is only obtainable on 

The Canadian Fairbanks Company Limited 

Montreal Toronto Winnipeg Vancouver 

Address the nearest House to you for particulars. 


Are always to be had from the use of 


Beams strong;, will not 
bend in hard plowing. 

Built same as 
XX Rays, but 
Beam Hitch. 
Wide roller 


is Strictly First-Glass. 
It Does More Than is 
Claimed For It!! 

friends in Canada, but some prefer a Beam Hitch. The U.S.A. 
Bean: Hitch is practically the same Plow, only it is made Beam 
Hitch — the Beams rest on our Patent Stop on the Frame, making 
wheels carry the load — doing away with all Friction on Bottoms. 
Ask for Circular and Prices and Terms. 

When in Winnipeg, come and look over our Line. If your 
dealer doesn't sell our Implements, let our Canadian Represent- 
ative know it. He'll look after your wants. 


Cor. King and James Sts., WINNIPEG, Man. 
M. J. MILLER, Canadian Representative. 

Home Office and Factory, Bradley, III., U.S.A. 



March, 1905. 

Increased Prices far Implements. 

We notice in a recent issue of 
Farm Implement News the follow- 
ing article regarding increased 
prices in the cost of farm imple- 
ments and machinery for next 
season. Owing to the fact that 
the manufacturers contract for 
the raw material they require 
from one July to another, 
there is no immediate like- 
lihood of any change in pre- 
vailing prices, but, as soon as their 
present contracts are fulfilled, the 
prospects are that they will be 
forced to increase the price of im- 
plements and machinery in order 
to compensate for the increased cost 
of material. 

The article is as follows : — 
Already the manufacturers are 
beginning to sound the market for 
1 1905-6 contracts and some business 
has already been closed for that 
period at present prices from 
manufacturers who believe that still 
further advances are likely to be 
made. This is particulaly true in 
pig iron and quite a number of 
implement and vehicle makers are 
already entering into contracts for 
their supply of pig iron for the last 
half of 1905. No maker has thus 
far bought any pig iron for 1906 
delivery. A very heavy buying 
movement in pig iron is in evidence 
and there is every probability thac 
the tonnage booked during the 
first ten days of March will be 
greater that at any similar period 
in the past. Pig iron now being 
bought is costing the consumers on 
an average of $3 a ton more than 
(lie pig iron that entered into the 

implements now being made for 
this summer's use. 


Take it all in all, the raw mater- 
ials that enter into the manufacture 
of implements for 1906 will aver- 
age anyway $3 a ton higher than 
the cost of the same materials for 
1905 machines. And there is a 
possibility that such manufacturers 
as delay the purchase of their 
materials will find their costs in- 
creasing in still greater ratio. This 
is one of the heart-breaking feat- 
ures of implement manufacture. 
The manufacturer has to buy his 
materials four or five months in 
advance of the time they will find 
their way into his machines and 
nearly twelve months before these 
machines are on the market, and he 
is sorely troubled to know when to 
buy and when to delay buying. 
The implement maker to-day, for 
instance, knows that the materials 
he will buy now will cost him $3 
or $4 a ton more than the mater- 
ials he bought last fall, and there 
is a chance that he may not be able 
to secure any more money for his 
next year's product. At the same 
time he fears to delay purchases 
any great length of time, because 
there is a possibility on a market 
like this that prices may still further 
advance. About three years ago, 
for instance, pig iron was quoted 
$7 higher at Chicago than even the 
present prices, which are looked up- 
on as high, and the man who delays 
buying is always confronted with 
the clanger of having to pay some 
such fancy price as that. ( )n the 
other hand, the manufacturer who 
places his contract now does so 

with fear and trembling that prices 
may fall and his competitors buy 
their iron at lower prices later on, 
putting him at a fundamental dis- 
advantage in marketing his goods. 


When one reads of the terrific 
rate at which the great steel works 
are turning out their finished pro- 
ducts and the fact that the produc- 
tion and consumption of pig iron 
month after month breaks all re- 
cords, and then looks over the field 
of the actual consumer in his own 
locality and sees that the consuming 
trade is only fairly active, he asks 
himself, "Where is all this steel 
going to?" This is a question that 
is being asked on every hand, and 
no satisfactory answer has yet been 
given, except that the country is 
prosperous and everybody is doing 
a little more business than he did 
last year in addition to doing a lot 
of business that was left over from 
last year. There is no doubt 
about the fact that jobbing foun- 
dries all over the country are rather 
quiet; that boiler shops and bridge 
shops, which are counted on to use 
a great tonnage of structural steel 
and plate steel, are anything but 
overworked, and that there is at 
present a sufficient surplus of 
skilled labor to indicate that shops 
are running by no means at their 
maximum capacity. Yet all the 
steel and iron that is being made 
by the big producers is going 
somewhere and is being paid for. 
How much of this buying move- 
ment is speculative, based on the 
storage of materials by the buyers 
against future needs, it is impos- 
sible to determine. 

The Adjustment of the Cream 

Keeping the hand cream separa- 
tor in proper adjustment is a very 
important matter and one which 
the selling agent and the farmer 
should thoroughly understand. It 
will be the means of avoiding many 
misunderstandings and will cause 
less fault finding. Very often a 
cream separator may go out of 
working order and yet not be the 
fault of either the machine or the 
manufacturer, but, in nearly every 
case, that of the operator, who, 
either consciously or unconsciously 
puts the machine out 'of adjust- 
ment. It is a regrettable fact that 
too few operators ever look at the 
book of instructions, and, if they 
do, they fail to follow out the in- 
structions given in it. Some opera- 
tors appear to insist in putting a 
separator together in a totally dif- 
ferent way from that originally in- 
tended by the manufacturer and 
designer. When this occurs and 
the machine goes wrong do not 
blame the manufacturer, but go to 
the book of instructions and follow 
the rules in it to the letter. 
Endeavor to remember that the 
maker spent years of hard study 
and thousands of dollars in the per- 
fecting of the separator, therefore 
it is useless to try and make it run 
otherwise than he intended. 


Keeping the machine properly 
oiled is a most important factor 
in the results obtained. In many 
cases operators apply too much 
oil. This will put a separator out 

SECURE the Agency NOW ! 

1905 will be another banner year in the cream separator business. Farmers 
and dairymen throughout the country are buying hand separators NOW. 

Mr. DEALER, you want this business ! 
You can get it only by selling the machine which satisfies your customers. 
Your customers want the machine that yields them the greatest profit. 
That is, they want the machine that SKIMS THE CLEANEST. 

The U.S. holds the World's Record 

for close skimming. Many other unequalled qualities, combined with very 
extensive advertising in local and dairy publications in Canada, make the 
UNITED STATES the best selling cream separator. Write us and our 
traveler will arrange to call on you. 



Kor the convenience of our customers we transfer to British Columbia points from Vancouver, B.C.; to North-West 
Territories from Winnipeg. Manitoba. Other transfer houses at Montreal and Sherbrooke, Quebec, and Hamilton, Ont. 


March, 1905 



of adjustment. Sometimes too 
little oil is used and many careless 
operators never apply any oil at 
all. The result is most unsatis- 
factory. We have a case in mind 
where a farmer used a machine 
for six days without oiling it. On 
the last run the gearing became 
heated and set. He straightway 
brought it back to the dealer and 
blamed the manulfacturer for not 
knowing his business. Another 
case, reported to us on good author- 
ity, was as follows:— the operator 
had a can of maple syrup sitting 
alongside the oil can and in his 
carelessness oiled the machine with 
almost a gallon of pure, delicious 
maple syrup. The result was that 
when the gearing became heated 
the syrup "sugared off." The 
maker was blamed for this. While 
the machine is running all wearing 
parts of the separator must have 
a little oil and only a little. Only 
the very best cream separator oil 
should be used for the purpose. 
Mower oil will not do. The oil 
must be of the highest fire-proof 
test and the best will be found the 
cheapest in the end. A separator 
requires less oil of good quality 
than of poor. A cheap quality of 
oil will gum on the wearing parts 
and cause the machine to run hard. 
When this happens the machine 
will go out of adjustment. There 
is always a cause for an effect, so, 
when the operator complains of his 
machine not doing its work prop- 
erly the agent should carefully in 
vestigate the matter and find out 
the reason of its being out of order 
Nine tenths of the reasons he will 
find are due to the machine not 
being in proper adjustment. 


Another cause of unsatisfactory 
results with the separator is dirt. 
Very often the cream separator 
upon examination will be found 
dirty. No machine in this con- 
dition can separate and skim milk 
properly. Frequently the cream 
and skim-milk outlets in the. bowl 
will be found clogged, or the inlet 
to the bowl will be found stopped 
up with filth. This will prevent 
any separator, no matter what 
make, from doing the most perfect 
work. We saw a case last year 
where the inlet to the bowl con- 
tained two small white beans, two 
white beads, one blue bead and one 
yellow bead and the top 'from a 
glass sugar bowl cover : all of which 
were put in by the children. The 
result was ^hat the machine did 
not work properly and the operator 

informed the agent to come and 
make it work or to take it away, 
with the additional information that 
he, the operator, did not believe the 
manufacturer had made the ma- 
chine right. When the separator 
refuses to work because of dirt 
and is out of adjustment, the only 
course open is to clean it. The 
slightest matter will sometimes put 
a separator off its work, but if all 
parts are in their proper places 
there is no reason why the machine 
should not do its work properly. 
Often a gear wheel will become 
loose and will not be running true 
with the other wheels. In many 
cases this is due to the operator 
amusing himself by taking the 
machine apart and not getting it 
properly together again. An 
operator who follows this cours3, 
is like the man who took his sep- 
arator apart on the Sabbath Day 
to see what it was made of, but 
he is unlike the man who took his 
clock apart and when he had fin- 
ished putting it together again he 
found that he had enough wheels 
left over to construct a new rime- 
piece. The operator got all the 
pieces back into their place but they 
were not properly adjusted, hence 
the reason why the machine did not 
work satisfactorily. When this 
happens the agent is called in and 
has to adjust the mechanism. The 
above facts have been set forth 
for the purpose of showing the 
agent who sells cream separators 

9/?r. 'Dealer 

Jfcave you the exclusive 
j€yency in your District for a Cream J 
Separator ? 

Sf not, why not ? 
ZJhere is JTfoney for the live 
Dealer in a TTJelotte Jtyency. 

Write us, and we will tell you 
of recent improvements and special advantayes of handliny 
the Ttyelotte. 


Uhe 7/felotte Cream Separator Co. 

124 tPrincess Street, It/innipey. 

how machines give trouble and 
how easily they can .be adjusted. 


All cream separators must be set 
perfectly level, and on a firm foun- 
dation. A floor that will not shake 
when a person is walking on it, is, 
as a rule, satisfactory. The lag 
bolts that are supplied with every 
machine should be screwed into 
the foundation just firm enough 
to hold the machine steady. As a 
rule, the gearings of separators are 
in perfect adjustment when they 
leave the factory. The majority 
of manufacturers give each ma- 

chine a thorough test before pack- 
ing for shipment. It is not neces- 
sary to do anything with the gear- 
ing when setting the machine up, 
other than to see that none of its 
parts have shifted in transit. 
Learn the contents of the instruc- 
tion book yourself, get your cus- 
tomers to do likewise, and you will 
have no complaints, hence no loss 
of time from this source, and you 
can devote all your opportunities 
to booming your business. A 
customer who is satisfied with a 
machine you have sold him will be 
the best advertisement you can 
have. , 



It is accepted as an axiom by experts on centrifugal 
separation that so long as the patents on the " ALPHA DISC " 
MUST LEAD THE WORLD. These patents embody the only 
perfected principle of milk separation and defy successful 

OVER 600,000 IN USE 

or ten times all other makes combined. 

lor over a Quarter ol a Century. 

Write for Catalogue 


Montreal Toronto New York WINNIPEG, MAN. Chicago Philadelphia San Francisco 


March, 1905. 


Edmonton sends her greetings to 
Canadian Farm Implements. The 
journal has an immense field of 
operation and that it may achieve 
abundant success in this vast field 
is the earnest wish of the implement 
dealers of Edmonton, the city of the 
far North West. 

J. P. Minnhinnick, general agent 
of the PVost & Wood Company for 
Alberta, has been spending the past 
few days at Edmonton and other 
Northern Alberta points. 

The Masse)-- Harris Company at 
Edmonton have sold their lots, 
corner Howard street and Jasper 
avenue, on which their warehouses 
stand, to the Merchants Bank. The 
Masse} -Harris warerooms will be 
moved back to the rear of the block 
on Howard street. The price paid 
by the bank for the property in 
question is a handsome one and 
gives abundant proof of the stability 
of Edmonton real estate. The 
Merchants Bank will erect a mag- 
nificent bank building during the 
coming summer. 

H. de Forge, representing the 
Waterous Engine Works Company, 
spent the past few days in Wetas- 
kiwin and district. 

C B. Beals, of Kelly & Beals, 

Edmonton, agents for the Frost & 
Wood Co., returned on Thursday 
last from a trip to Brandon, Winni- 
peg and other Manitoba points. He 
went as a delegate to the Oddfel- 
lows' grand lodge at Brandon. 

Thos. Irvine has recently severed 
his connection with the Interna 
tional Harvester Company at Ed- 
monton to enter the real estate 

As a large implement shipping 
centre, Edmonton bids fair to oc- 
cupy a very important position in 
the near future. At the present 
time there is said, on the best of 
authority, to be more harvesting 
machinery transferred or sold from 
Edmonton and Strathcona than 
from all other points in Alberta 
together. But with the immediate 
construction of the Canadian Nor- 
thern main line to Edmonton, con- 
struction of the Grand Trunk Pa- 
cific Railway east and west from 
Edmonton, the extension of the 
Calgary aud Edmcnton line (C. P. 
R.) from Edmonton to Athabasca 
Landing, as well as the building of 
other lines less certain of immed- 
iate construction, Edmonton will 
hold a unique position in the im- 
plement trade, as the central ship- 
ping point in the largest agricul- 
tural district in the Territories, or 

more properly speaking, in the new 
provinces of Saskatchewan and Al- 

Those unfamiliar with the Ed- 
monton district will scarcely believe 
the immense distances which agri- 
cultural machinery is now being 
shipped overland from Edmonton. 
Binders, mowers, rakes, drills, 
disks and cream separators have 
been shipped by different Edmon- 
ton implement firms to Vermillion, 
in the as yet unopened-up famous 
Peace River country, eight hundred 
miles north of Edmonton. To the 
west for from thirty to sixty miles 
and to the not th from fifty to eighty 
miles the country is fairly well set- 
tled and draws on Edmonton for 
heavy supplies of farm machinery. 
Again Edmonton supplies the Rus- 
sian and Galician as well as the 
large English speaking settlements 
to the east to a distance of from 
one hundred to one hundred and 
fifty miles. A large part of this 
machinery so sold is shipped on 
rafts down the Saskatchewan to 
landing places adjacent to the set- 
tlements. Population is flowing in 
to this country and as the Edmon- 
ton district becomes more thickly 
settled, and even from now out, 
the implement firms must look to 
the establishment of large wholesale 
warerooms at Edmonton. 

The Edmonton district is pre- 
eminently a dairying country, and 
the sales of cream separators in this 
district have been very large. The 
German settlements to the west pay 
particular attention to this branch 
of farming. 

Edmonton implement firms will 
not push sales with the same 
anxiety to " get the goods out" as 
formerly. More attention will be 
paid to the standing of the proposed 
purchaser. This is a result of the 
rather hard times this district has 
experienced during the past couple 
of years and the consequent diffi- 
culty in collections. 

Spring weather has been prevail- 
ing in this district for the past four 
weeks and a great deal of plowing 
and land cultivation has been done. 
Considerable wheat has been sown 
but numerous farmers whose lands 
are ready for the seed are waiting 
for the proper seedtime. 

Very few large plows have been 
sold in this district this season but 
the sales of walking plows have 
been heavy. 

W. J. Papst, travelling agent for 
the Robert Bell Engine and Thresh- 
er Co., spent a few days in Edmon- 
ton the middle of February. He 
secured an agency with Kelly & 
Beals for his line while in town. 

Success Harrow Carts & Jenkins Hay Stackers 

Two Splendid Additions to Your Line 


24 inch 


3 inch Tires 

and Durable 


Get the agency for the " Success" and you will "wear the smile that 
won't wash off." Order today. 

is simple and strong in con- 
struction ; no fine-haired mech- 
anism to get out of order ; easily 
operated, and every one sold 
makes a satisfied customer. One 
Jenkins stacker and two rakes 
will put up more hay than a 
force of twelve men. 



Address all Communications to 

M oline Plow C 



for prices 
on Jenkins 
Hay Tools 



March, 1905. 



During the past few weeks the 
implement dealers of Edmonton 
have been shipping large supplies 
of farm implements to the smaller 
agencies throughout the country. 
The establishment of small agencies 
all over the district was commenced 
by a couple of the implement firms 
and, of necessity, the other firms 
had to follow suit. 

The winter trade in this district 
this year was not up to the stand- 
ard of last year. The spring trade 
however is opening up with much 
better prospects. There has been 
a heavy run on wagons. 

All the implement firms complain 
of collections this year. The coun- 
try has been thoroughly canvassed 
but ready money is very scarce. 
The partial crop failures of the last 
two years, and the heavy land spec- 
ulation have resulted in a demorali- 
zation of the market. This winter 
has been a severe one on farmers. 
Prices for all classes of live stock 
have been and are at present away 
below the average, with the result 
that the offerings are very light, 
farmers not being willing to sacri- 
fice their stock at the ruling quota- 
tions. All these causes have led to 
a stringency in the money market. 
The best that many farmers can do 
is to give implement dealers security 
for their indebtedness. 

The contract has been let for the 
erection of the street railway power 
house and two miles of the street 
railway will be completed by Sep- 

Everything points to a good year 
in the Edmonton district and farm- 
ers are very hopeful of a successful 
season. . Real estate, city and coun- 
try, is again on the rise. 

Alex. E. May, agent for the J.I. 
Case Threshing Machine Co., re- 
turned recently from a visit to 
Brandon, Winnipeg and other 


Local implement dealers are busy 
looking after spring trade. The 
unusual early break up in winter 
has had the effect of getting the 
farmers to work and as a result the 
farm machinery and implement 
business is about a month ahead of 
former years. 

One of the finest business blocks 
in Regina is that belonging to the 
Massey-Harris Co., which was 
erected last season forwarehouseand 
office purposes. This building is 
about 90 by 190 and adjoins the 

C.P.R. They have shipping facili 
ties for handling four cars at a 
time and are now rushing forward 
their spring goods so that they will 
be in the hands of the dealers at 
the earliest possible date. 

The International Harverster Co 
who, for a number of years have 
occupied offices in the Smith-Fer 
gusson building, have recently re 
moved to the Armour block on 
Broad street, where they are now 
nicely located and will endeavor to 
care for the wants of the implement 
men as in the past. No doubt dur 
ing the coming season the company 
will give some attention to the 
warehouse question at this point, as 
their business is rapidly increasing 
and they find themselves decidedly 
short of warehouse room. At the 
present time the Regina Storage 
and Forwarding Co. act as transfer 
agent for them. 

The J. I. Case Threshing Co. 
have a nice warehouse and office 
building on Railway street. It is 
about 75 by 150 and is of substan 
tial construction. This is one of 
the busiest spots in town during 
the threshing season. 

The Frost & Wood Co. also have 
a fine warehouse and office here, 
and, although not as large as the 
others, still owing to the progressive 
manager, Mr. Peter Cooper, the 
company's business is in a profit 
able condition and they are turning 
out a large quantity of goods. 

The American Abell E. & T. Co. 
have a commodious warehouse here 
and they are getting a fair share of 
the business. Their " Cock of the 
North" outfit is a popular one in 
this vicinity. 

The cutter and sleigh season is 
now over. Fine sleighing was en- 
joyed during the winter with the 
result that sales were fairly good. 
Dealers, however, continued during 
the winter to complain of collec- 
tions being rather slow, accounting 
for this state of affairs by the fact 
that farmers are buying land and 
expect dealers to carry their paper. 

Regina is fast becoming the chief 
distributing point for farm imple- 
ments and machinery between Win- 
nipeg and the Coast. 

Building Permits. 

Building permits issued in Win- 
nipeg since the opening of the year, 
number 144; the total cost of these 
structures is estimated at $415,000. 
over double the amount compared 
with the same period last year. 

'and other 


The Flying 

Engine Gang Plow 

Is another one of the good things in our line. It is easy 
to operate, it has double the strength of any plow we have 
ever sold, it is built for long service. Note the construction 

Made in i2 or 14 inch, with 3 or 4 bottoms. Breaker or 
stubble bottoms furnished at purchaser's option. We use a 
direct, adjustable Beam Hitch. Our special circular describes it. 


We can deliver you the best ENGINE PLOW 
money can buy. 

Get a FLYING DUTCHMAN and satisfy your customers. 

Canadian Moline Plow Co. 





March, 1905. 



Published each month by 

Canadian farm Implements, Etd. 

901-2 Union Bank Bhilding, 
Winnipeg, Man., Canada. 
Phone 518. 

Single copies Five Cents. Fifty Cents per year. 
(Postage Paid Anywhere.) 

Rates Made Known on Application. 
Change cf Copy for Advertisements should reach 
this office not later than the 15th of each 
month — Cuts and Copy for New Adver- 
tisements can be received as late as 
the 20th of each month. 

This paper does not undertake to endorse 
opinions that may be expressed in its corres- 
pondence columns. 

F. D. Blakely - President and Manager. 
P. G. Van Vleet - • Vice-President 

Eastern Office : 
1 Wellington St. W., Toronto, Out 
Chicago Office 
Room 818 Hartford Building. 
A. S. Core - Representative. 


Co-Operative Harvesting: Co. 

The Toronto World, of March 
8th, devoted the best part of a col- 
umn to the affairs of the Farmers' 
Co-operative Harvesting Machine 
Co., and while Canadian Farm Im- 
plements have no facts concerning 
the matter, from this article, it 
would appear that the affairs of the 
company are in a somewhat hazy 

On March 8th, the annual meet- 
ing was held. W. C. Wells, the 
secretary, read the annual financial 
statement which gave the liabilities 
at $142,300 and the assets at $68,- 
856. Of the liabilities $132,650 is 
due to shareholders, $5,500 on bills 
payable and $4,000 on open ac- 
counts. Of the assets the plant at 
Whitby is valued at $11,230, mater- 
ial at $8,170, goods on hand $3,456 
and unpaid stock subscribed by 
farmers at $46,000. Mr. Mc- 
Laughlin, the former manager, is 
said to have questioned this state- 
ment, asking if it was not true that 
the company had received and spent 
about $75,000 in cash and owed 
$10,000, making $85,000 gone, but 
no one answered this question. It 
is further stated by eastern papers 
that for two hours the discussion 
was hot and excited. An official 
report was subsequently issued by 
Secretary Wells to the newspapers. 

In this statement appears the fol- 
lowing paragraphs: 

"At the annual meeting of the 
company, the report of the direc- 
tors and the annual statement of 
the past year was submitted to the 
meeting. The only adverse criti- 
cism offered in regard to it was 
by J. F. McLaughlin, at one time 
managing director of the company, 
who a little over a year ago was 
forced out of the position of mana- 

"Reports of the conditions of the 
company's plant and manufacturing 
interests were received and the 
shareholders expressed their satis- 
faction with the same." 

In this report it was also claimed 
that "the company has paid spot 
cash for all its machinery plant and 
other purchases and has no out- 
standing liabilities." 

To this report Mr. McLaughlin 
replied in the Toronto World, 
stating that he had not been forced 
out of his position but had re- 
signed, his resignation being accept- 
ed and a vote of regret placed on 
the minute book of the company. 
In the World of the 13th March 
appears the statement that J. F. 
McLaughlin had written W. J. 
Hanna, provincial secretary, asking 
him to investigate the affairs of the 
Farmers' Co-operative Harvesting 
Machine Company, saying: 

"In 1903 I obtained a charter 
from the Ontario government for 
the Farmers' Co-operative Harvest- 
ing Machine Company, Limited. I 
was induced by Joseph Stratford 
to undertake the organization by 
representations which I have found 
to be untrue. The waste of money, 
principally obtained from farmers, 
and the methods of the company 
generally, call for investigation on 
the part of those in authority." 

The Montreal Witness of March 
14th, commenting editorially upon 
the matter, says : "On the face of 
all this, it is certainly the duty of 
those well-known gentlemen who 
have been (Hon. G. E. Foster, Dr. 
Oronhytekha, Jos. Stratford, of 
Brantford, and others), and who 
are at present connected with the 
company to place the real state of 
the affairs before the country, not 
only for their own sake, but for the 
benefit of those shareholders who 
are said to have invested their 
money in an invention that was not 
lyet perfected — which money was 
no doubt meant to have been used 
in the manufacture and the sale of 
the machine but has been engulfed 
in the weary process of developing 
a merchantable article." 

New Advertising Manager. 

Mr. M. R. D. Owings has been 
appointed advertising manager for 
the International Harvester Co., 
with headquarters in Chicago. 

Mr. Owings is particularly well 
qualified for his new position, 
having spent practically all his life 
in connection with the harvester 
trade. His first position was in 
charge of the Audit Division of 
the Milwaukee Harvester Co., 
from which he was advanced to 
the Secretaryship of the Company 
with charge of the sales section. 
This position he held at the 
time the amalgamation of the large 
harvester concerns took place. 
His next charge was the organiza- 
tion of the Credit Division of the 
International Co. Mr. Owings has 
had considerable experience as an 
advertiser, having had charge of 
the publicity department of the 
Milwaukee Harvester Co. for a 
considerable time. 


R. H. Swallow, implement deal- 
er at Douglas, Man., was in the city 
on business a few days ago. 

The MacFarlane Co., implement 
dealers at Forget, Assa., recently 
opened a new warehouse at that 

The David Bradley Mfg. Co., of 
Bradley, 111., recently purchased the 
entire output of the Mackinnon 
Wagon Co., of Grand Rapids, 

The Western Transfer & Cartage 
Co. have opened up in the imple- 
ment business at Lethbridge. They 
will carry a full line of the Cock- 
shutt goods and McCormick bind- 

Jos. Bryan of H. F. Anderson 
& Co., who recently made a trip 
throughout the West returned to 
the city a short time ago. He re- 
ports the trade as generally quiet 
in Alberta but thinks that the 
spring business in Eastern Assini- 
boia and Western Manitoba will be 
fully up to the average. 

F. E. Nex, who has been agent 
for the Frost & Wood Co., at Sif- 
ton, for the past two years, has 
given up that agency and accepted 
a position on the road for the In- 
ternational Harvester Co. His 
work will be chiefly among the 
Galician colonists, of whose lan- 
guage he has a thorough know- 

The Wilkinson Plow Co., Toron- 
to, recently purchased a controlling 
interest in the West Lome Wagon 

Co., of West Ixjrne, Ont. The 
pFice paid is said to be in the 
neighborhood of $75,000. The 
output of this factory will consist 
of light and heavy wagons, carts, 
drays and spring coal delivery 

W. J. Hellivvell, of Oak Lake, 
was in the city for a few days re- 
cently in order to consult with an 
eye-specialist regarding his sight, 
which has been failing very rapid- 
ly for the past six months. The 
doctor assures Mr. Helliwell that 
with careful treatment and plenty 
of rest, his. sight can be greatly 

The Balfour Implement Co. 
have concluded arrangements with 
the North West Thresher Co., of 
Stillwater, Minn., to act as Western 
Canada selling agents for their 
threshing outfits. Mr. D. B. Mac- 
Leod represents the North West 
Thresher Co., as Canadian manager 
with headquarters at Winnipeg, as 

Mr. C. H. Cooper, implement 
dealer of Stonewall, Man,, gave 
us a call recently. He handles the 
Parlin & Orendorff plows, Mc- 
Laughlin carriages and McCor- 
mick binders. Speaking of last 
season's business, Mr. Cooper said 
that it was very satisfactory but 
that trade ,so far this spring has 
been very quiet. 

D. H. Watson, assistant mana- 
ger for the Balfour Implement Co., 
recently returned from Vancouver, 
the Okanagan Valley, Calgary, and 
many other intervening points. 
He reports business in the Terri- 
tories in a healthy state and says 
his company are contemplating the 
opening up of branches through- 
out the entire West. 

David Brown, Jr., Western pas- 
senger agent of the Grand Trunk 
Railway, with headquarters at St. 
Paul, Minn., was in the city for a 
few days during the early part of 
March. Mr. Brown is a frequent 
visitor to Winnipeg. It is expect- 
ed that his company will, in the 
near future, make an announce- 
ment that will be of special interest 
to eastern travellers : via Chicago. 

Mr. H. H. Rogers, who has for 
the past two years been travelling 
in Illinois in the interests of the 
Moline Plow Co., has been ap- 
pointed assistant manager of the 
Canadian Moline Plow Co., with 
headquarters at Winnipeg. Mr. 
Rogers has been in the implement 
business for the past twenty years 
and has a thorough knowledge of 
it. We extend to him a hearty 

March, 1905. 



The Norris Mfg. Co., of this city, 
were recently re-incorporated and 
the business will now be carried on 
under the title of the Norris Imple- 
ment Co., Ltd., changing their capi- 
tal stock from $25,000 to $100,000. 
They recently purchased ground 
and are now drawing up plans and 
specification for the erection of a 
large and modern factory where 
they will manufacture all the lines 
heretofore placed on the market by 
the old company. 

T. C. Bulloch, miller of Crystal 
City, was in the city for a few days 
during the present month and called 
upon us. Mr. Bulloch is an old 
timer, having lived in Manitoba 
over 20 years. In addition to 
carrying on his milling business at 
Crystal City, Mr. Bulloch is erect- 
ing a modern, up-to-date, imple- 
ment warehouse and will shortly 
install a complete stock of the Bal- 
four Implement Co.'s goods. His 
object in coming to Winnipeg was 
to order the stock and is having it 
shipped at once. 

Mr. f. A. Whitworth, Sales 
Manager for the North West 
Thresher Co., Stillwater, Minn., 

was in the city for a few days 
recently in connection with business 
for his firm, who anticipate an in- 
creased amount of sales from this 
territory during the coming season. 
Speaking of business in general, 
Mr. Whitworth said that the out- 
look was most promising in the 
South Western States owing to the 
favorable winter. The prospects 
now are that fall wheat will give 
better returns than for many years 

Mr. L. C. Hazlitt, Manager for 
the International Harvester Com- 
pany at Winnipeg, has just return- 
ed from a trip to Chicago and other 
Eastern points. He also visited the 
new factory of the Company at 
Hamilton, Ont. From this factory 
will come the greater proportion 
of the goods sold in Canada this 
season by International agents. Mr. 
Hazlitt reports the gasoline engine 
trade as assuming large dimen- 
sions. Arrangements are being 
made at the Hamilton works for the 
manufacture of these engines for 
the entire Canadian and export 

Mr. L. Watson, of Morden, gave 
us a call during March. Speaking 

of the prevailing trade conditions 
in his district, Mr. Watson said 
that the fine weather eatly in March 
had the effect of creating consider- 
able activity among implement 
dealers. Few sales, however, 
were closed but prospects are good 
when spring really sets in. On 
the matter of settlements, Mr. Wat- 
son stated that at present collec- 
tions are rather hard and that it 
is unlikely any great amount of 
the outstanding credit will be paid 
up until the crop of 1905 is har- 

Walter H. Mayer, of Kinistino, 
Sask., was in the city for a week 
recently. Speaking of the condi- 
tions in the Kinistino section last 
season, Mr. Mayer stated that they 
were generally unfavorable com- 
pared with former years. He looks 
for better this year 4 owing to the 
fact that the Canadian Northern 
Railway have their track laid to 
that point. This Mr. Mayer said 
would give residents greater and 
quicker communication facilities 
with the outside world and would 
undoubtedly lead to increased settle- 
ment, in that section, which at pre- 
sent is fairly active. 

Mr. H. W. Hutchison, presi- 
dent and manager of the Fairchild 
Co., accompanied by Mrs. Hutch- 
ison, left on the nth inst. for the 
Pacific Coast. For some time past 

Mr. Hutchison has been in poor 
health and a heavy attack of "la 
grippe" a short time ago left him in 
a run down and weakened condi- 
tion. With these facts in view, the 
directors of his Company have per- 
suaded him to take a month or six 
weeks much needed rest, it being 
the first that he has taken for 
twenty-two years. We, along with 
his many friends, trust that he will 
return to the city, and his business, 
with renewed health and vigor. 

J. K. Drinnan, general merchant 
of Medicine Hat, was in Winnipeg 
for a few days recently. Speaking 
of the report that the C.P.R. have 
gone into the matter of the utiliza- 
tion of the natural gas at Medicine 
Hat, Mr. Drinnan said in part that 
it is expected the C.P.R. will take 
some action along this line and that 
it is very probable they will estab- 
lish a large repair shop there. They 
have used natural gas in connec- 
tion with their divisional repair 
shops at that point. So far the re- 
sults have been most satisfactory 
as a saving of from fifty to seventy 
dollars a day has been made by 
using it instead of coal or wood. 

Mr. George Erb, manager of the 
Waterous Engine Works Co., re- 
cently made a trip to Calgary and 
intermediate points, on business 
for his firm. He reports business 
good throughout the west. 

Road Machinery 



and BEST. 

Built entirely of Steel and Malleable Iron. 
Light draft. Great durability. Easy to operate 
Great capacity. 8-foot Blade. 





Rear Views Showing Cutting Ditch and Moving Earth onto Roadway. 

In replying mention Canadian Farm Implements. 



March, 1905. 

Shortly after our last issue went 
to press, the resignation of Mr. W. 
A. Stiles, advertising manager for 
the International Harvester Co., 
with headquarters at Chicago, was 
announced. For the present Mr. 
Stiles will devote his energies in the 
interests of the Streator Gas and 
Light Co., of Streator, 111., in 
which company, we understand, he 
is a prominent shareholder. 

Mr. James Campbell recently 
purchased the interest of Mr. Hillis, 
implement dealers, Holland, Man. 
The concern will now do business 
under the title of Northey & Camp- 

Fairbanks & Morse Co. recently 
moved from Market Square to more 
commodious quarters at 181 Ban- 
natyne St., where their genial man- 
ager, Mr. F. H. Crane, will con- 
tinue to give his usual prompt at- 
tention to customers. 

Mr. W. C. Harris, editor and 
proprietor of the Medicine Hat 
Times, and former editor of the 
Canadian Thresherman, of this 
city, gave us a call a few days ago. 
He is of the opinion that Medicine 
Hat will boom during the coming 
season . 

Mr. Harry Cockshutt, president 
and manager of the Cockshutt Plow 
Co., of Brantford, Out., will sail 
on the 6th of April from San Fran- 
cisco for Australia, to look after 
the large interests of his company 
in the Commonwealth. 

Mr. LB. Fairchild, of the Fair- 
child Co., recently returned to the 
city from a pleasure trip through 
the West. 

We are pleased to note that Mr. 
Archie G. Watson, manager of the 
John Watson Manfg. Co., here, is 
able to be out again. He was con- 
fined to the house during the early 
part of March by a severe attack of 
la grippe. 

Mr. George Kirkland, manager 
of the Sawyer-Massey Co., has 
just returned to the city from a 
visit to the head office and factory 
at Hamilton, Ont. 

Mr. I. C. Nelson, manager of the 
Stewart-Nelson Co., made a trip 
West on the C. N. R. recently. 
He reports a marked improvement 
in business for his concern as com- 
pared with this time last year. 

Mr. George E. Norris, of the 
Norris Implement Co., has just re- 
turned to the city from a trip to 
Minneapolis, St. Paul and other 
points in Minnesota. 

Mr. Charles Brown, implement 
dealer at Boissevain, Man., was in 
the city for a few days recently in 
connection with his own business 
and the sale of a carload of driving 
horses from his district. 

Among our March visitors we 
are pleased to record Mr. Williams 
of Williams Bros., implement and 
hardware dealers at Gladstone and 
Plumas, Man. Mr. Williams was 
in the city in connection with the 
meeting of the Western Retail Im- 
plement Dealers' Association of 
which he is a Director and enthus- 
iastic member. He. handles the 
goods of the International Harves- 
ter Company and believes that pros- 
pects for spring trade are good, 
though inclined to be rather slow 
just now. 

Mr, R. Harmer, for many years 
manager of the Ontario Division of 
the Massey Harris Co., and who 
has been for several weeks in charge 
of the Sawyer-Massey office here, 
during the absence of Mr. Geo. 
Kirkland in the East, has returned 
to his home in Toronto. 

C. H. Haney, foreign sales man- 
ager for the International Harvester 
Co., with headquarters at Chicago, 
left on the 25th inst. for a trip 
round the world in connection with 
the company's business. He will 
go first to Australia, returning to 
this country by way of Suez and 
Europe. Mr. Haney will be away 
six months. 

Mr. A. T. Hilts, implement deal- 
er at Holmfield, was in Winnipeg 
recently in connection with the 
Western Retail Implement Dealers' 
Association, of which he is a di- 

The North Western Line, com- 
prising the Chicago & North- West- 
ern and the Chicago, St. Paul. 
Minneapolis & Omaha Rys , with 
a total trackage of 9,064 miles, hav- 
ing direct lines from St. Paul to 
Chicago, Duluth, Milwaukee, Souix 
City, Des Moines, Omaha and 
many other important centers in 
the middle States, recently opened 
an office at 518 Union Bank Build- 
ing, Winnipeg, in charge of Mr. 
Geo. A. Lee, who was recently ap- 
pointed general agent for Manitoba 
and Assiniboia. 

Implement Blue Book. 

' ' Hot off the press ' ' comes the 
Implement Blue Book, addressed 
to our offices by the publishers, The 
Midland Publishing Co., of 506 
Olive St., St. Louis, Mo., who are 

the publishers of our esteemed ex- 
change, Farm Machinery. The 
Implement Blue Book is a well 
printed, well bound volume, con- 
taining the names of the manufac- 
turers and jobbers of farm machin- 
ery and implements in the United 
States and Canada. The publish- 
ers say on the title page that the 
volume is self -indexed, double-in- 
dexed and cross-indexed. This 
being the case it would seem as 
though they had reduced indexing 
to a science. 

Secure One Now. 

We are the recipients of a hand- 
some fifty page catalogue recently 
issued by the Waterloo Mfg. Co. 
of Waterloo, Ont., with western 
headquarters here. It contains a 
large number of well executed 
photo-engravings showing the var- 
ious styles of traction and portable 
engines, all the different sizes and 
makes of separators and accessories 
manufactured by the company. It 
is well printed, on an excellent 
quality of paper, and presents a 
most attractive appearance. 

Any of our readers, by mention- 
ing this paper, can secure one of 
these catalogues on addressing the 
Waterloo Mfg. Co., Winnipeg. 

You Should Have It. 

We recently received from the 
Waterous Engine Works Co., of 
Winnipeg, a neat catalogue of their 
Champion road making machines. 
This catalogue is full of half-tone 





In sending out their last specifica- 
tions for gasoline engines for West 
Point, the U. S. War Deparlment requir- 
ed them "to be OLDS ENGINES or equal. ' 
They excel all others or the D. S. Govern- 
ment would not demand them. 

Horizontal type, 2 to 100 H. P., so 
simply and perfectly made that it requires no 
| experience to run them, and 

Repairs Practically Cost Nothing 

I Send for a catalogue of our Wizard Engine, 
1 2 to 8 H. P., ( jump-spark ignition system, I 
as in the famous Oldsmobiie) the J 
Tmost economical small power engine made; 
Ifitted either pump-jack or direct connected 
\pump. Or, our general catalogue, show 
ing all sizes. 
Lansing. Mich. 
Joseph Maw & Co., Lid. 
Winnipeg Agents 

Winnipeg, Mnnitobft 

engravings representing their dif- 
ferent makes of rock crushers, 
graders, road scrapers, ditching ma- 
chines, concrete mixers, etc. It 
contains a fund of information and 
should be in the hands of all who 
are interested in the selling of ma- 
chinery and implements. It can be 
had on application to their office by 
mentioning Canadian Farm Im- 

Engine Gang Plow. 

Turning over the virgin prairie 
with a single plow is an arduous 
task, and more especially is this 
true if one has several hundred acres 
which they wish to convert into a 
crop- producing farm. 

The Canadian Moline Plow Co. 
are at the present time displaying a 
new engine gang plow, two or three 
of which could be attached to one 
engine, and every time the steam 
horse was put across the prairie 
something would be accomplished. 
This engine gang plow is a combi- 
nation of heavy steel braces and 
levers, heavy beams, wheels, etc. ; 
which make the plow a picture of 
strength and effectiveness. 

This Company reports a splendid 
trade on engine plows, with the de- 
mand for large outfits prevailing. 
A number of land companies are 
preparing their steam outfits to be- 
gin breaking on a large scale as 
early as possible in the spring. 




w. j. 

ARNOTT, Sole Dealer 
Western Canada 

Note, - We have a large stock of Second 
Hand Machines for Sale or Rent, Rem- 
ingtons. Smith Premiers, Under- 
wood's, Oliver s and Empires. These 
machines are all in good order, some as 
good as new. 

W. J. ARNOTT, 404 Mclntyre Block 


March, 1905. 



Mp. Maw's Trip. 

Mr. Joseph Maw, President of 
the Jos. Maw Co., Ltd., recently 
returned from a month's combined 
business and pleasure trip in the 
cities of the South and East. While 
away Mr. Maw spent a couple of 
days at Lansing', Mich., where he 
went over the factory of the Olds 
Gasoline Engine Co. This is one 
of the largest and most up-to-date 
plants for the manufacture of gaso- 
line engines in America. He also 
visited the Olds Motor Works Co., 
which are also located at that point. 
At this factory thousands of the 
Olds curved dash runabout cars are 
turned out annually. Detroit was 
the next place visited and hero Mr. 
Maw was shown over the factory 
and head office of the Olds Motor 
Works, At this plant are made the 
Olds Touring Car, the Light French 
two passenger car, the Olds two cy- 
linder 20 h.p. car, and commercial 
wagons. Crossing the border, Mr. 
Maw proceeded from Chatham to 
Brantford, the latter place being 
the home of the Brantford Carriage 
Co, whose line Mr. Maw's company 
have represented in Western Can- 
ada for the past fifteen years. 

Returning west, Mr. Maw visit- 
ed the Automobile Show held in 
Chicago, where he spent a week in 
looking over the different cars on 
exhibition. He feels safe in stating 
that capital was represented to over 

a million dollars by the automobiles 
and supplies on exhibition there. 
In view of his wide knowledge of 
the automobile business and his in- 
timate connection with Western 
conditions, Mr. Maw felt that he 
was in a position to make a careful 
selection of machines most eminent- 
ly adapted to this Western country, 
with the result that he contracted 
with the Olds Motor Works for 
their different cars, and with the 
Winton Motor Carriage Co., for the 
handling of their celebrated vehic- 
les. Besides these, Mr. Maw is 
bringing in a new machine known 
as the "Marion." This machine 
is a four cylinder, air-cooled. 

After the Automobile Show, Mr. 
Maw took a week's rest at French 
Lick, Ind., and met quite a number 
of Winnipeg people there ; among 
whom were Mr. Black, of The 
Ogilvie Milling Co., Mr. J. C. G. 
Armytage, Mr. John Stewart, of 
the Foley, Lock & Larson Co., and 
also had the pleasure of a visit with 
Mr. Fred Thompson, general man- 
ager of The Ogilvie Milling Co., 
of Montreal, who was accompanied 
bv his son. 

About forty Toronto piano and 
organ workers employed by Otta 
Higel Action' Company, are on 
strike, through the Company re- 
fusing to grant them a nine-hour 

Ice Plant in Plow Factory. 

We give below copy of a unique 
folder received from the Rock Is- 
land Plow Co., by the pen of our 
friend Mr. F. D. Blake, the pro- 
gressive advertising man of that 
concern. This is one of a series 
of sketches which is being issued 
every thirty days by the manufac- 
turers of the Red, White, and Blue 
lines. Any dealer who desires to 
have this series complete can do so 
by dropping a card to the Adver- 
tising Manager of this concern at 
Rock Island, 111., U.S.A. These 
sketches are clever, well written 
and make interesting reading: — 

"What's an Ice Plant got to do 
with a Plow Factory? Well, I 
don't Know." Ice is right proper 
for undertakers and fresh oyster 
men and it's one of the main props 
of glorious life wherever refriger- 
ated refreshments have the call, 
but how a plow shop can legiti- 
mately connect with an ice plant is 
one of the modern methods that 
never got the drop on me up to 
the time I left my happy home. 

If you're ridin' the round-up for 
raw material to build a prize poem, 
don't rope a plow factory. If 
you're friskhv around like a two- 
vear old sizzlin' with desire to butt- 

in on the hilarious joys of a skirt 
dance, don't toy with the cold facts 
of an ice plant. When you try to 
locate the connection between a 
plow shop and an ice plant, put on 
your heaviest Fish-Brand slicker 
because your stock of sentiment is 
going to inherit a white frost. 

The, Boss scooted me along a 
trail lined with a few hundred 
machines that spit fire like Mount 
Peelee and made enough noise to 
stampede everything on the range, 
pulling up suddenly on. the banks 
of a canyon in the floor. He 
called it a tank. It looked to my 
gazelle eyes like a sink hole in the v 
Bad Lands country. Here is where 
we struck camp and uncinched for 

"I will now explain," said the 
Boss, lining up his throat for a fair 
start, "our modern method of hard- 
ening metal by the wonderful, effi- 
cient, reliable and perfectly con- 
trolled refrigerating process that 
— ." I put up my paws like a sick 
cub. "Back up partner, don't you 
see I'm bad in the wind. I don't 
someway thrive on the language. 
What I pine for is milk for babes. 
What's in the sink hole ?" I stacked 
it up that the Boss concluded I was 
locoed but he never turned a hair. 
"Water," he said, looking to see 





Long; D istance 

Going: "to Enlarge Your- W arehousc ? 
Get Our- Prices on 

Ready Roofing 

This is si good line 'For- you to carry in stock. 

Write for our Catalogue and Trade Discounts. 



ig* Vr?6 V^rV* s3^6 3^ ^H?S* 1: ^?F 6 >f<f*> 

■Hold On! 

Don't let loose of your money too soon. 
In one minute a man can make a ten 
years' mistake in buying 
the w rong disc harrow. 


can't be clogged up with mud or trash. Rock Island Oscillating 
Scrapers are the only fcrapers that scrape. Cross-head is rigid 
And hard ground can't raise the ends of the gangs nor make them 
"buck" in the middle. Discs run level — always. Penetration per- 
fect. Circular 87 tells. Memorandum book free. 
Rock Island Plow Company. Rock Island, 111., U. S. A. 

John Stevens Co. Limited, 
General Agents, Winnipeg. 


650 ft. to the lb. 
600 ft. to the lb. 
600 ft. to the lb. 
550 ft. to the lb. 
500 ft. to the lb. 
500 ft. to the lb. 

Still the Favorites of both FARMERS and DEALERS. 


Our Twine is not only evenly spun, but is WELL BALLED. 
This is very important, prevents tangling in Twine Box. 

Write for prices. 






March, 1905. 

what effect it would have on me ; 
"salty water." "That's better," I 
chirruped, "play your next card ; 
alkali water never did me harm." 

Well, when the Boss got under 
way proper, I could'nt see much 
for the dust, but I surveyed enough 
of the route to get back all right. 
I've got the brand of common- 
sense on the refrigerating process 

on the steel. It removes scales, 
cleans up the metal generally and 
has other properties, but I reckon 
most of this information comes 
sealed because all of it I could jar 
loose wouldn't cause saddle-galls if 
you had to carry the whole load on 
your memory. 

Two batches of steel can't be 
hardened exactly alike unless the 

By courtesy of the 
Waterous Engine Works 
Co., I,td., Winnipeg, 

all pieces not retaining their shape 
can be cut out and thrown into the 
corral with the crips. That's the 
whole story outside of the prize 
secrets and they are registered as 
the exclusive property of the Boss 
Bronco Buster himself. 

When the fog of technicalities 
clears up, the entire modern "re- 
frigerating process" of hardening 

Waterous Gasoline Fire Engine working at Lacombe, Alta. 

so an infant can recognize it on 
sight. When you get the hide off 
there is lcany nothing to it but the 
first cost and the enormous salary 
of the prize beauty who has the 
secrets corralled. 

Tool steel and some other high 
grade stuff is hardened in oil or in 
compounds having a drug store 
name, but for good, everyday work 
the wise ones have never spotted 
anything that beats brine — just salt 
and water mixed. You can hitch 
to this information because I got 
it straight from the Boss. This 
point settled, a tenderfoot would 
make a mistake in his first order for 
salt. You can't refine anything 
without taking some of the strength 
out of it. Get your wife to work a 
motto on cardboard out of that 
idea and hang it over the door. 

What you want is granulated 
rock salt. Right at this point is 
where I galloped in ahead of the 
game with some fool questions and 
had considerable information hand- 
ed out to me in small chunks. 
Rock salt is strongest and water 
will soak up more of it — "hold more 
of it in solution," is what the Boss 
shot at me. Salt has a direct effect 

brine is the same temperature when 
they are dipped. Don't break away 
now and ask what difference that 
makes because all goods of the 
same grade must have the same 
temper. Here's another bog-hole 
for a plow man to get his feet into 
without much effort. If the brine 
gets a little too warm it will cause 
soft spots in the steel and a soft 
spot in a plow will breed several 
brands of profanity, because soft 
spots won't hardly ever scour. 
Now you are on a hot trail for the 
connection between an ice plant and 
a plow factory. In order to insure 
uniform results it must be possible 
to control, absolutely, the tempera- 
ture of this brine. After the de- 
gree of temperature is fixed — if you 
ever want to get the exact figures 
on the temperature, bring along 
something stronger than a cork- 
screw to pull them with. Well, it 
takes an ice plant to control the 
temperature. The old method was 
to pump the brine to the top of a 
big tower and let it flow back in 
a thin stream over a series of 
shelves until it reached the tanks 
again. You don't have to have 
a sheepskin done in Latin to know 

that the brine would never get 
cooler than the air, and that the air 
was not always of the right tem- 
perature for hardening steel. 

Tanks holding upward of 2,500 
gallons, a powerful engine and an 
ice machine with a capacity of 
about 25 tons of ice daily, are some 
of the small jewelry belonging to 
the steel hardening department of a 
modern plow factory. This enor- 
mous quantity of brine is forced 
into pipes and kept milling a merry- 
go-round through the coils in the 
ice machine, and the temperature 
of the brine in the tanks can be 
regulated to a gnat's heel by poking 
a few buttons on the throbbing 
bosom of the brass mounted engine. 
Outside of the smell, that's all there 
is to it. The steel is cut, shaped, 
polished, and all the holes are 
punched in it before hardening, be- 
cause taking liberties with temper- 
ed steel is about as unpromising a 
job as tickling the heels of a glass- 
eyed cayuse with a rye straw. This 
steel, or shapes, is now heated to 
what the Boss calls a "low cherry 
red" and soused into the brine. 
When it comes out of the tanks it 
is again put on the forms so that 

steel is as dead easy as lassoing a 
hobbled pony in a feed lot and as 
simple as giving the baby pepper- 
mint drops for wind on his tummy. 
All you need is the price and a : slip- 
noose on the man with the secrets. 
I'm browsing 'round in a strange 
pasture and the fodder is pretty 
brand new, but I've got something 
else corralled. Hold the rope 
about thirty days and I'll send you 
No. 2. In the meantime if you 
want to get chummy with me throw 
a postal card on its back and 
brand it on the top side with the 
characters recorded below. Uncle 
Sam does the rest. 

Agriculturists Meet. 

The annual convention under 
the auspices of the state board of 
agriculture held its sessions at the 
University of Wisconsin, at Madi- 
son. The attendance was unusu- 
ally large, prominent farmers 
being present from all parts of the 
state. The programme provided 
for addresses on live agricultural 
topics by ex-Governor W. D. 
Hoard, of Wisconsin, Professor E. 
G. Holden, of the Iowa Agricul- 
tural College, Frank B. White, of 
Chicago ; Professor Thomas Shaw, 
of St. Paul ; and a number of 

March, 1905. 




Mr. J. F. Templet on, manager of 
the Imperial Implement Co., of 
Winnipeg, made a business trip to 
the city a few days ago. While 
here he arranged with Mr. James 
Sherriff to act as transfer agent to 
the various localities surrounding 
Brandon, for the 1 wagons and bug- 
gies controlled by his company. 

The Stock Judging School held 
during the early part of the month 
proved a most successful under- 
taking. The city was thronged 
with large numbers of interested 
fanners. The judging was keen 
and the addresses delivered by the 
lectureres interesting and instruc- 
tive. It is impossible to estimate 
the value these meetings are capable 
of doing throughout a community. 

McKenzie & Co., who recently 
sold their property on Sixth St. to 
the Reliance Machine Co., have 
purchased the Drysdale Co. prem- 
ises adjoining. They are installing 
machinery for the manufacture and 
repairing of buggies and wagons 
and all special goods in the vehicle 

Mr. G. R. Bole of the American 
Seeding Machine 'Co. passed 
through'Brandon a short time ago 

on his way to the Areola district in 
the interests of his firm. 

Mr. W. J. Papst, general travel- 
ler for the Winnipeg branch of the 
Robert Bell Engine and Thresher 
Co., of Seaforth, Ont., was in town 
recently, returning from the West. 
He reports thresher business in 
Alberta rather dull. 

Mr. John McKellar, one of the 
most successful farmers residing 
north-west of Brandon for the past 
tweaty years, recently disposed of 
his farm for a handsome consider- 
ation. He has formed a partnership 
with Mr. Hugh McNeill, who re- 
cently severed his connection with 
the Massey-Harris Co., to carry on 
a business in agricultural imple- 
ments and machinery, and will be 
known as McKellar & McNeill. 
They will handle the Balfour Im- 
plement Co.'s goods and New 
Hamburg Threshers, that are man- 
ufactured by the New Hamburg 
Co., of New Hamburg, Ont. The 
' 'Two Macs' ' are well known in this 
district and should get their share 
of the business. 

Mr. D. H. Watson, Assistant 
Manager of the Balfour Implement 
Co. , is frequently seen in the Wheat 
City as his family reside here. 

Mr. D. J. Hutchison of the Mel- 
otte Cream Separator Co., Winni- 
peg, visited Brandon a few days 
ago, after which he went south 
west in the interests of his com- 

Mr. W. J. McClement, manager 
for the Reliance Machine Co., went 
to Moosomin a few days ago to 
overhaul the engine of the Mooso- 
min Milling Co. 

Implement dealers are hopeful of 
doing a large trade in drills this 
season. So far farmers buy slowly. 

Mr. J. C. B. Inkster, who recent- 
ly represented the Frost & Wood 
Co., as general traveller, has been 
appointed in charge of the Frost & 
Wood office at this point. The pros- 
pects for this branch during the 
coming season are most favorable. 

Mr. David Sherriff, local manager 
forthe Cockshutt Plow Co., went 
to Winnipeg a few days ago in con- 
nection with business for his con- 

A most delightful dinner took 
place at the Empire Hotel on the 
evening of St. Patrick's Day, when 
two hundred and forty "Old 
Timers" gathered from Brandon 
and district in memory of the days 
gone by. Letters of regret were 

read from many living at a distance 
who were unable to be present. 
After dinner a pleasant evening was 
spent in listening to addresses by 
old timers, in the persons of Mayor 
Fleming, Dr. Mclnnes, Hon. T. 
Mayne and Rev. Win. Roddick. 
Orchestral music and songs inter- 
spersed the speeches and a most de- 
lightful evening was spent. This 
dinner was the outcome of the work 
of a Committee, recently appointed 
at a public meeting, to promote 
more social intercourse and good 
fellowship among "Old Timers." 

Large Clock. 

The clock to be placed in the 
tower of the new Canadian Paci- 
fic hotel here, will be one of the 
largest pieces of time-keeping 
machinery in Canada. It is to be 
on a substantial iron base within 
the tower, being fitted with fine 
steel arbors and pinions and ham- 
mered bronze wheels. The pen- 
dulum will be fitted with fine ad- 
justments to compensate for heat 
and cold. Electric energy will be 
supplied by enormous batteries 
capable of running 100 secondary 
clocks if necessary. 


I Municipal a " d Contractors | 
I Supplies | 

Elevating Graders 
Road Machines 
Grading Plows 

Wheel Scrapers 
Drag Scrapers 
Barrows, Wagons, &c. 

l£z Ever since the first mile of railway was built in the North-West, we have supplied 

most of the contractors with their outfits, as well as annually supplying the different 
^z municipalities throughout the country with Road Machines, Plows and Scrapers. Our Z^ 

^ knowledge of the requirements, and having a line of goods' unequalled by any in the 

trade, enables us to control the product of some of the very best manufacturers, and ^ 
also obtain the lion's share of the trade. Prices and terms made known on application. z^ 

I The Fairchild Co., Winnipeg, Man. 1 

Limited zS 



March, 1905. 

Binder Twine Market. 

With regard to the binder twine 
situation the following is what the 
Cordage Trade Journal of New 
York has to say regarding prevail- 
ing conditions : 

Practically no change has occurred 
in the Binder Twine market during 
the last fortnight. Independent 
manufacturers still have the market 
to themselves, and they are doing 
a moderate business at unchanged 
quotations. Many members of the 
trade who have purchased a portion 
of their requirements for the season 
are awaiting more or less anxiously 
the next move of the associated har- 
vester manufacturers. In the great 
majority of instances, the opinion is 
held that the International Company 
will name higher prices than its pre- 
vious quotations. Still, there are 
possibilities of an opposite nature 
and these make some merchants 
timid. Fibre values are practically 
unchanged, only Manila being slight- 
ly easier. Notwithstanding the fact 
that Binder Twine prices are to-day 
lower than they were one year ago 
to-day, Fiber quotations are consid- 
erably higher, shipment Manila 
Fiber being about li cents per 
pound higher than a year ago and 
Sisal one-half to three-quarters of a 
cent higher. These values for raw 
material would suggest an advanced 
schedule when the International 
Harvester Company again quotas 

but, of course, there is no certainty 
about any future action of that cor- 
poration. General market quota- 
tions f.o.b. Eastern factories may be 
given as follows : 

Bindkr Twine. Cts. per It). 

White vSisal (500 feet to the 

pound) @ 9U 

Standard (500 feet to the 

pound) 9% © §K 

Standard Manila (550 feet 

to the pound) 10^ ® 10^ 

Manila (600 feet to the 

pound) 11M @ 11^ 

Pure Manila (t)50 feet to the 

pound) ... ... 12^ (a<, 12% 

Less than carload lots quarter of a cent 

Annual Meeting. 

The management, heads of de- 
partments and travelling salesmen 
of the Ontario Wind Engine & 
Pump Co., held their annual meet- 
ing at the office in Toronto, on 
February 20th and 21st. Represen- 
tatives were present from all parts 
of Canada and matters of general 
interest to the company were taken 
up and discussed. The reports, 
given by the various gentlemen in 
attendance, were of the most grati- 
fying order, both with regard to the 
business of last season and the out- 
look for the future. Among the 
most encouraging reports handed 
in was that of Mr. J. M. Reid, 
manager of the Winnipeg branch. 

He reported much progress and 
stated that at the recent annual 
meeting of this Branch, held a short 
time ago, those present advised the 
continuance of the liberal policy of 
the company. The report pre- 
sented by Mr. Reid is all the more 
creditable when it is taken into 
consideration that the Winnipeg 
Branch has only been in existence 
a little over eight months. 

One of the many pleasant social 
features in connection with the 
gathering was the presentations to 
the retiring sales manager, Mr. F. 
W. Monteith. On behalf of the 
Company, Mr. S. H. Chapman 
presented him with a gold chain 
and locket, also a desk and chair, 
and Mr. H. Almas, on behalf of his 
fellow employees, gave him a beau- 
tiful gold watch, suitably engraved. 
In short addresses much regret was 
expressed at Mr. Monteith's re- 
tiring from the service of the com- 
pany, who, in response, thanked 
both the company and his fellow- 
workers for their kindness in pre- 
senting him with the beautiful 
gifts enumerated above and also 
for the courtesy and good fellow- 
ship that always existed between 

The meeting will be long remem- 
bered as a most successful and 
pleasant event. 

1 ■ 

L i 

T i 


Dealers ! ttlrite for our illustrated Catalogues 




3 H. P. Stickney 
The New Stickney 
Horizontal Engine 
is the latest and best 
Engine made. It is sim- 
plicity itself. Made in 6 
H.P., and'25 H*P. sizes. 

The Canadian 
A I R M O T O R 
simplest and best 


All kinds — Wood 

and Iron, single 
and double acting. 

Brass, Iron and Porcelain Lined Cylinders. 
See our new GUSHER PUMP. Write us for 
our new Pump Catalogue— just out. 

Horse Powers, Tread Powers, 
Feed Cutters, Land Rollers, 
Grain Grinders, Steel Saw 
Frames and Saws. 





Head Office and Factory :: Toronto 

The Western Retail Implement 
Dealers' Association. 

A Directors' meeting called to 
take place in the office of Canadian 
Farm Implements, 901 Union Bank 
Building, on March 15th, was, ow- 
ing to an absence of a number of 
the Board, cancelled ; and those 
present resolved themselves into a 
meeting of the Fire Insurance 
Committee of which there was only 
one absentee. This was Mr. F. 
Chapin, of Hartney, who wrote the 
secretary regretting his inability 
to attend and signifying his willing- 
ness to concur with any action 
taken by the other members of the 

After a lengthy discussion on 
the fire insurance policy, at which 
all present aired their views, the 
secretary was instructed to have 
copies of the subscription and dec- 
laration forms made out and sent 
to each of the members of the 
Committee, who expect to make 
the necessary canvass for the $50,- 
000 subscribed insurance, which is 
necessary in order to get a charter 
of incorporation, by the 1st of July, 
when a permanent secretary will be 
appointed to take over the insur- 
ance work and vigorously push the 
interests of the Association. In the 
meantime, all communications 
should be addressed to F. D. 
Blakely, Canadian Farm Imple- 
ments, 901 Union Bank Building, 

A Word for Dad. 

We happened at a home the 
other night, and over the parlor 
door saw the legend worked in let- 
ters of gold, "What Is Home 
Without a Mother?" Across the 
room was another brief, "God 
Bless Our Home." These mottoes 
will be found in many homes, 
worked by nimble fingers, and ex- 
pressive of the love and devotion 
felt by the members of the house- 
hold for the holiest and happiest of 
earth's blessings — "Mother" and 
Home." "Home — home— sweet 
home; be it ever so humble, there's 
no place like home." But there is 
another factor in the blessedness of 
home, that is too often forgotten, 
or, at least, perhaps sometimes, not 
full}' appreciated, and that factor 
is "Dad." And Farm Implements 
to-day, in a few words from an ex- 
change, wants to preach a little 
sermon in "Dad's" behalf. It is 
no discouragement to "Mother" to 
say that alongside of the legend re- 
ferred to above this other would be 

March, 1905. 



appropriate, "'God Bless Our Dad!" 

"Dad gets up early, lights the fire, 
boils au egg, grabs his dinner pail 
and wipes off the dew of the dawn 
while many a mother is sleeping. 
He makes the weekly handout to 
the butcher, the grocer, the milk- 
man and the baker, and his little 
pile is badly worn before he lias 
been home an hour. He stands off 
the bailiff and keeps the rent paid 

"If there is a noise during the 
night Dad is nudged in the back 
and made to go down stairs and 
find the burglar and kill him. 
Mother darns the socks, but Dad 
buys the socks in the first place, 
and the needles and the yarn after- 
ward. Mother does up the fruit 
well, but Dad buys it all, and jars 
and sugar cost like the mischief. 

"Dad buys chickens for the Sun- 
day dinner, carves them himself 
and draws the neck from the ruins 
after every one else is served. 
'What is Home Without a Mother?' 
Yes. that is all right. But 'What 
is Home Without a Father?' Ten 
chances to one it is a boarding 
house, father is under the slab and 
the landlord is a widow." 

"Dad, here's to you. You have 
got your faults — you may have lots 

of them — but we will miss you 
when you're gone." 

Yes, dear old, appreciated Dad! 
The legend which ought to grace 
the walls of the cottage or the pal- 
ace in your honor, may not appear. 
You may tread the pathway of life, 
bearing its burden ungrudgingly 
and cheerfully, and go down to the 
grave, unhonored and unsung in 
framed legends; but you will be 
missed and mourned nevertheless 
in the cold, gray days when you 
can no longer answer the call for 
your services, and will receive your 
reward on the other shore. Dear, 
old Dad! God bless Dad! 

New Water System. 

By the first week in April the 
population of St. Boniface, Man., 
will 'be revelling in the delights of 
a up-to-date water system. It will 
be, according to City Engineer 
Cioddard, one of the best water sys- 
tems in the West. The reservoir 
has a capacity of 64,000 gallons and 
the tank in which the water is 
raised 160 feet will hold 106,000 
gallons. This tank is of steel and 
was built by the Ontario Wind 
Engine and Pump Co., at a cost of 
$9,000. There are also a number 

of small supplementary concrete 
reservoirs. The pumps are capable 
of supplying 1,500,000 gallons of 
water daily, which, on the basis of 
the present population will give a 
per capita supply of 55 gallons. 
For all ordinary purposes there will 
be a pressure of 70 pounds but in 
case of fire 120 pounds will be ob- 
tainable, this should enable the fire 
apparatus to throw a stream one 
hundred feet high. When the en- 
tire system is completed the cost 
will be in the neighborhood of 

American Implement Competi- 
tion in Australia. 

The following interesting item 
regarding trade conditions in Aus- 
tralia, in connection with the im- 
portation of Canadian and United 
States farm implements and ma- 
chinery, appeared in a recent issue 
of Farm Implement News : — 

"A significant piece of news 
comes from Sydney to the effect 
that the Sunshine Harvester Works 
at Ballarat have been closed as the 
alleged result of American com- 
petition. On the other hand, it 
is contended that legislative inter- 
ference with the work of produc- 

tion has led to this step having been 
taken. The statement is that during 
the last year quite 14,000 Canadian 
and United States havesters have 
been imported into the common- 
wealth, viz.: — 5,000 into Victoria: 
4,000 into New South W'ales ; and 
the remainder into the other 
states. The usual selling price of 
the American ordinary harvester 
is roughly $250, of which $50 
represents all selling expenses, 
leaving- $200 to the importer out 
of which to secure a profit. There 
were about 500 stripping harvesters 
imported, the selling: orice of each 
averaging $400. It is contended 
that they are imitations of the 
Australian-made article as manu- 
factured at Ballarat. but the infor- 
mation does not state whether they 
are sold locally at a lower rate. 
The aeents for the United States 
and Canadian implement houses 
deny that so many harvesters of 
their manufacture were imported 
into the commonwealth in 1904. 
and in the absence of official statis- 
tics it is impossible to say which 
contention is correct. These agents 
also claim that the question of 
price has nothing to do with the 
sale, it being entirely a matter of 
quality. The Australian farmer 



Not only appreciate a good thing but they know a good thing as well. That is how it comes that several times as many JOHN DEERE 
PLOWS (the highest grade steel plows made in America, or anywhere else) are sold to Canadian farmers by Canadian dealers as of any 
other high-grade steel plows of any other manufacture. The duty cuts no figure when a man wants the best and is willing to pay for it. 

Walking Plows, for all purposes; Riding Plows, single and in gangs, for Horse 
and steam power; Disc Plows, single and In gangs, for horse or steam power. 

For Sale by the Best Dealers in Canada. Mauufactured by 

DEERE & COMPANY, Mo/ine, III., U.S.A. 



March, 1905. 

(they say) wants a good imple- 
ment and is quite ready to pay 
their price. The American goods, 
it is alleged, are manufactured on 
the Canadian model, while the 
British harvesters are constructed 
on conditions prevalent in the 
United Kingdom, nor do they meet 
local requirements in the same way 
as the Canadian and United States 
manufactures. The Australian 
makers of havesters contend that 
the Canadian and United States 
implements are absolute imitations 
of their goods and that the customs 
authorities ought not to pass them 
into the country. On the other 
hand, the Canadian and United 
States representatives assert that 
quite the reverse is the truth, and 
that the Australian makers have 
copied their goods. The Austra- 
lians do not seem to be able to com- 
pete with the foreign-made imple- 
ments and are practically asking 
for a tariff that would really be 
prohibitive and give them a mono- 
poly. Suppose, it is said, the im- 
port duties be so raised that the 
price of a British, Canadian or 
United States harvester is in future 
$500, instead of $250, would the 
Australian article be sold for less? 
Or, if native makers obtain a 
monopoly, would they not put up 

the price to $750, or indeed to any 
fancy rate? The whole crux of 
the question lies in the absurd con- 
ditions which govern labor through- 
out the commonwealth. Those 
conditions— which are forced on 
the manufacturers by the labor 
vote in parliament — make the price 
of manufactured productions so 
ridiculously high that only few 
people can afford to buy them. It 
is a policy that strangles agricul- 
ture by making the cost of imple- 
ments prohibitive ; it retards manu- 
factures by limiting their sale when 
produced ; and it debilitates the 
whole industrial system of the 
country. The value of the United 
States implement trade with the 
commonwealth is roughly one and 
one-half million dollars a year. 

There is a steady demand in 
Australia for hand pumps for wells. 
They must be fairly cheap and 
quite reliable. Some firms carry 
pretty good stocks of these pumps, 
as many as 250 to 300 of various 
sizes being kept by several separa- 
tor firms. Wind mills are in strong 
demand upon all large stations. 
Most of those now in use are of 
United States origin. All sizes are 
required for lifting water from 
20 to 200 ifeet, and those fitted 
with a detachable contrivance so 


Has been sold in the Northwest'i'erritory for several years, long 
enough to demonstrate its superiority in all things necessary to 
a successful gang plow. 

The Beams are Extra Heavy for hard service. 

The Furrow Wheels have wide tires and enclosed dust-proof, 
hub boxes with large oil chambers. 

The Front Wheel is 24 inches high and runs easy. 

The Jones Patent Connecting is the best device on the mar- 
ket for controlling the rear wheel. 

The Jones Foot Lift is out of sight, it lifts so easy. 

The Gas hardened Concave Face Plow Bottoms are the spe- 
cial feature — guaranteed to scour and will wear 50 per cent, 
longer than any other plow. Why? Because the mouldboards 
are triple ^hin and the shares are double shin. 

FROST & WOOD CO., General Agents, 


J. THOMPSON & SONS MFG. CO., Bcloit, Wis., U.S.A. 

that power can be used for other 
purposes will meet with the best 

Canadian implement houses have 
a very fair share of the Australian 
trade. Possibly they do as much 
as 30 to 40 per cent, of the total 
imports in Western Australia, a re- 
sult of looking after the market 

There is a good opening in West- 
ern Australia for buggies and light 
farm wagons. Those produced 
locally are rather clumsy affairs, 
while prices are out of proportion 
to results. It is absolutely neces- 
sary that the timber used should be 
quite seasoned. A two-wheeled 
knockabout would sell well, espec- 
ially in the mining districts." 

New Bus Company. 

Commencing on April 1st, free 
busses will become a thing of the 
past in Winnipeg. A company was 
recently formed and all the bus 
business will be run under the new 
company. It will take over all the 
equipment at present the property 
of the city hotel men. Busses will 
maintain regular service between 
trains and all passengers will be 
charged a fare. 

The Pup and His Feet. 

Miss Pellicoe resolved to address 
herself to the policeman on the beat, 
and she astonished him with the fol- 
lowing question : 

"Sir," she said, in true Johnsonian 
style, "what height should a mastiff 
dog attain at the age of six 
months ?" 

The policeman stared at her in 
utter astonishment. 

"They do be all sizes, Mum," he 
replied, blankly, " like a piece of 

"My relative in the West," ex- 
plained Miss Pellicoe, " has sent mc 
a dog, and I am given to under- 
stand that his age is six months. 
As he is phenomenally large, I 
have thought it best to seek for in- 
formation. Has my relative been 
imposed upon ?" 

"It's ha-r-rd to tell, Mum," re- 
plied the policeman, dubiously. 
Then his countenance brightened. 
"Does his feet fit him?" he inquired 

" What — what do you mean ?" 
asked Miss Pellicoe, shrinking back 
a little. 

"Is his feet like blackin'-boxes on 
the ind of his legs ?" 

"They are certainly very large." 

"Thin 't is a pup. You see, Mum, 
with a pup, 't is this way. The feet 
starts first, an' the pup grows up to 
'em, like. Av they match him, he's 
grown. Av he has arctics on, he's 
a pup." 

Don't Omit 

The Windsor Disc Harrow 

From Your Line for 1905. 

The Windsor pleases 
Both Dealer 
ana Farmer 

Built on the out-throw principle, with 16, 18 or 20 in. Discs. Strongly' aud 
accurately made, with the parts subject to greatest strain of steel and malleable 


The Cross Shaft on which the discs are placed is of SQUARE steel, thus 
preventing the discs from working loose and slipping. 

The Windsor has a PATENTED POLE ATTACHMENT, which allows of 
an instant change for three or four horses — no tools required. 

Write for our illustrated Catalogue. 

Head Office (j^f 

and Works CM W/f\ 



Western Canada Branch, WINNIPEG. 

Distributing Agencies, BRANDON, REGINA, and CALGARY. 

March, 1905. 



He Needed the Money. 

WANTED— A young man for 
office. Must be an experienced 
stenographer and typewriter and 
able to correspond in English and 
German. "Salary to start $3.00 
per week. — Address H.O.G., 711 
The Ledger. 

A well-known stenographer sent 
the following reply to the above 
advertisement : 

Bird Center, Aug. 3, 1904. 
H. O. G., 711 The Ledger, 

Dear Sir : — I beg to offer myself 
as an applicant for the position ad- 
vertised this morning. I am a 
young man, 37 years of age, have 
had 23 years' business experience, 
being connected with the U.S. em- 
bassy at Madagascar and feel con- 
fident if you will give me a trial 
I can prove my worth to you. I 
am not only an expert bookkeeper, 
proficient stenographer and type- 
writer, excellent telegrapher and 
erudite college graduate, but have 
several other accomplishments 
which may make me disirable. I 
am an experienced snow shoveller, 
a first class peanut roaster, have 
some knowledge of removing 
superfluous hair and clipping 
puppy dogs' ears, and have a medal 
for reciting "Curfew shall not Ring 
To-night," am a skilful chiropo- 
dist and a practical farmer, can 
cook, take care of horses, crease 
trousers, open oysters and repair 
umbrellas and am also the Cham- 
pion Plug Tobacco Chewer of 
J Vnnsylvania, my spitting record 
being 38 feet. 

Being possessed of great physi- 
cal beauty, I would not only be use- 
ful but would be ornamental as 
well, lending to the sacred precincts 
of your office that delightful charm 
that a Satsuma vase or a stuffed 
billy goat would. My whiskers 
being- quite extensive and luxur- 
iant, my face could be used for a 
pen-wiper and feather dusther. 

I can furnish high recommenda- 

tions from Chauncey Depew, Jacob 
J. Coxey, Kaiser Wilhelm der 
Grosse, Captain Clark, the Prime 
Minister of Dahomey and the Ah- 
koon of Swat. 

As to salary, I would feel that I 
was robbing the widowed and 
swiping sponge cake from the 
orphaned if I were to take advan- 
tage of your munificence by accept- 
ing the fabulous sum of $3.00 per 
week and would be entirely willing 
to give my services for less, and, 
by accepting the sum of $1.30 per 
week would give you an oppor- 
tunity of not only increasing your 
donation to your church, paying 
your butcher and keeping your life 
insured, but also to found a home 
for indigent fly-paper salesmen and 
endow a free bed in the Cat's 
Home. Really, old man, your un- 
heard of bounty borders on the 
supernatural and to the unsophis- 
ticated must appear like reckless 

Can call any night after 00 
o'clock, or can be seen Sunday 
morning in the loft of the Church, 
Broad & Dock Streets, where I am 
employed as first assistant Organ 
Blower and Understudy to the 

Respectfully yours, 

Write the Editor. 

The following is what Farm Im- 
plement News has to say regarding 
correspondence between implement 
dealers and the editor: — 

"The true newspaper, whether 
general or of trade, welcomes to 
its pages communications from its 
readers upon any appropriate topic. 
We believe that if implement and 
vehicle dealers would "write to the 
editor" more frequently concerning 
trade matters the resultant inter- 
change of views would be bene- 
ficial to every trade factor. These 
columns are always at the service 
of implement and vehicle dealers ; 

also the manufacturers and travel- 
ling salesmen." 

We heartily concur with all that 
has been said and should be glad 
to have correspondence from our 
readers along lines of interest to 
the trade. We feel confident that 
much of benefit, both to the paper 
and to the dealer will result. 

At least, let us have a try at it. 
We shall be glad to promptly 
acknowledge all letters received. 

Employees as Employers. 

Experience as employers changes 
the train of thought of employees. 
If all workingmen could be placed 
in the position of their employers 
for a time, the present industrial 
problems would assume a different 
complexion. That they would be 
easier of solution is strongly indi- 
cated by a practical experiment of 
the kind stated. The evolution of 
a labor union that went into busi- 
ness for itself presents significant 
sociological results. The experi- 
ment in question was the result of 
labor trouble, of the usual charac- 
ter, between Polishers' Union No. 
113 and the Eastman Kodak Com- 
pany, in June, 1902. The mana- 
ger, Mr. Frank A. Browned, re. 
fused to grant the union's demands. 

As a last resort, he suggested 
that the dissatisfied workmen start 
a shop of their own. He agreed to 
give them his work at current pri- 
ces. He also agreed to lease them 
his plant. The offer was accepted 
and a stock company formed. There 
were thirty-four equal stockholders. 
They formed .the working force, 
and, besides receiving standard wa- 
ges, shared in the profits. 

Two years and a half after the 
start the original thirty-four shares 
are owned by five of the original 
stockholders. Several of the or- 
ganizers are working at day wages 
for the five who gradually obtained 
all the capital stock. The present 
owners, instead of running a union 

shop, refuse to treat with the local 
union, and conduct an open shop. 
When the union insisted upon en- 
forcement of some of its rules con- 
cerning hours and other details, the 
new proprietors announced that 
they would close the shop first. 
The five union men, by the evolu- 
tion of business and time, are now 
in the same relation to their em- 
ployees that the Eastman Kodak 
Company is and was when Mr. 
Browned refused the union's de- 
mands. The once co-operative com- 
pany is really no more than any 
partnership concern, and is in the 
open field of competition, animated 
by the same personal ambition as 
any private company or corporation. 

This experiment, while it has 
made non-union men out of five of 
the experimentors, has doubtless 
more than ever convinced the other 
twenty- nine of the necessity and 
benefits of union organization. It 
shows also that human nature is 
much the same, in unions or out of 
unions, and that men will always 
look closely after their own inter- 
ests.— The Outlook. 

Peat Factory Here 

H. A. Richardson will establish a 
peat manufacturing industry at 
Winnipeg, having purchased from 
W. J. Griffin, patents for a peat ex- 
cavating and compressing machine. 
Mr. Richardson estimates that peat 
fuel by his process can be supplied 
to Winnipeg consumers at $5.50 
per ton, and will compare favorably 
with anthracite. The unique fea- 
ture of the process is that the ex- 
pense to which peat companies have 
hitherto been put, in draining the 
bog before operating on it, is avoid- 
ed. The machine is built entirely 
on a scow and peat taken at one 
end from the bog, by a series of 
buckets on endless chains, is dump- 
ed into a hopper, and in from 28 to 
45 minutes comes out at the other 
end in the form of perfected bri- 
quettes. It is claimed that by avoid- 
ing the air-drying process, some of 
the best elements, usually lost, are 
retained in the peat. Each ma-" 
chine can take 500 tons of peat 
from tne bog daily, and turn it into 
100 tons of briquettes. 

If you require a 

Fire or 
Burglar Proof 



write us for prices and catalogue. We 
can quote you prices that will interest 

W. Johnston & Co., Ltd. 

776 Main St.. WINNIPEG, Man. 




write for 




March, 1905 

I -= St. peter at tbe (Sate. *E | 

St. Peter stood guard at the golden gate 
With a solemn mien and air sedate, 
When up to the top of the golden stair 
A man and a woman, ascending there, 
Applied for admission. They came and stood 
Before St. Peter, so great and good, 
In hope the City of Peace to win, 
And asked St. Peter to let them in. 

The woman was tall and lank and thin, 
With a scraggy beardlet upon her chin. 
The man was short and thick and stout. 
His stomach was built so it rounded out, 
His face was pleasant, and all the while 
He wore a kindly and genial smile. 
The choirs in the distance the echoes woke. 
And the man kept still while the woman 

"Oh, thou who guardest the gate," said she. 

"We two come hither, beseeching thee 

To let us enter the heavenly land. 

And play our harps with the angel band. 

Of me, St. Peter, there is no doubt, 

'J here's nothing from heaven to bar me out. 

I've been to meeting three times a week, 

And almost always I'd rise and speak. 

I've told the sinners about the day 
When they'd repent of their evil way, 
I've told my neighbors— I've told 'em all 
'Bout Adam and Eve and the Primal Fall, 
I've shown them what they'd have to do 
If they'd pass in with the chosen few. 
I've marked their path of duty clear — 
Laid out the plan for their whole career. 

I've talked and talked to 'em loud and long. 
For my lungs are good and my voice is 

So, good St. Peter, you'll clearly see 
The gate of heaven is open for me, 
But my old man, I regret to say, 
Hasn't walked in exactly the narrow way. 
He smokes and he swears, and grave faults 
he's got, 

And I don't know whether he'll pass or not. 

He never would pray with an earnest vim, 
Or go to revival, or join in a hymn, 
So I had to leave him in sorrow there 
While I, with the chosen, united in prayer. 
He ate what the pantry chanced to afford, 
While I, in my purity, sang to the Lord. 
And If cucumbers were all he got 
It's a chance if he merited them or not. 

Eut oh, St. Peter, I love him so, 
To the pleasures of heaven please let him go. 
I've done enough — a saint I've been. 
Won't that atone? Can't you let him in? 
By my grim gospel I know 'tis so 
That the unrepentant must fry below, 
But isn't there some way you can eee 
That he may enter who's dear to me? 
It's a narrow gospel which I pray. 
But the chosen expect* to find some way 
Of coaxing or fooling or bribing you 
So that their relation can amble through. 
And say, St. Peter, it seems to me 
That gate isn't kept as it ought to be. 
You ought to stand right by the opening 

And never sit down in that easy chair. 
And say, St. Peter, my sight is dimmed, 
But I don't like the way your whiskers are 

They're cut too wide, and outward toss; 
They'd look better narrow, cut straight 

Well, we must be going, our crowns to win, 

So open, St. Peter, and we'll pass in." 

St. Peter sat quiet and stroked his staff, 

But, spite of his. office, he had to laugh. 

Then said, with a fiery gleam in his eye, 

"Who's tending this gate, you or I?" 

And then he arose, in his stature tall, 

And pressed a button upon the wall 

And said to the imp who answered the bell: 

' Escort this female around to hell!" 

The man stood still as a piece of stone- 
Stood sadly, gloomily, there alone, 
A life-long, settled idea he had 
That his wife was good and he was bad 
He thought if the woman went down below 
That he would certainly have to go- 
That if she went to the regions dim 
There wasn't the ghost of a show for him. 

Slowly he turned, by habit bent, 
To follow wherever the woman went. 
St. Peter, standing on duty there, 
Observed that the top of his head was bare. 
He called the gentleman back and said, 
"Friend, how long hast thou been wed?" 
"Thirty years" (with a weary sigh) — 
And then he thoughtfully added, "Why?" 

St. Peter was silent. With head bent down 
He raised his hand and scratched his crown. 
Then, seeming a different thought to take, 
Slowly, half to himself, he spake. 

"Thirty years with that woman there? 
No wonder the man hasn't got any hair! 
Swearing is wicked. Smoke's not good. 
He smoked and swore— I should think he 
would ! 

Thirty years with that tongue so sharp! 
Ho. Angel Gabriel! GIVE HIM A HAUP! 
A jeweled harp with a golden string! 
Good sir, pass in where the angels sing! 
Gabriel, give him a seat alone — 
One with the cushion — up near the throne! 
Call up some angels to play their best, 
Let him enjoy the music and rest. 
See that on finest ambrosia he feeds, 
He's had about all the hell he needs; 
It isn't just hardly the thing to do 
To roast him on earth and the future, too." 

. • • * * * * 

They gave him a harp with golden strings, 
A glittering robe and a pair of wings, 
And he said, as he entered the Realms of 

"Well, this beats cucumbers, anyway!" 
And so the Scriptures had come to pass. 
"The last shall be first and the first shall be 

last." - 

Trading Stamp Evil. 

The trading stamp habit is fast 
becoming recognized by Eastern 
business men as one of the worst 
evils that has yet attacked general 
mercantile business. Recently a 
deputation of Ontario business men 
waited on the Government with a 
view to having trading stamps pro- 
hibited. This deputation was 
headed by the President and Secre- 
tary of the Merchant Dealers' 
Association, with headquarters at 

The gentlemen presented strong 
resolutions from various branches 
of the Association condemning the 
evil. What the Government will 
do in the matter, is, as yet, merely 

A sporting editor says the situa- 
tion of Russia in the far east and 
the Czar's reported determination 
to continue the war reminds him of 
the Australian oarsmen who were 
struggling along in a race far be- 
hind the rival pair. Their coach 
was running along the bank of the 
river, shouting "Go on, go on. 
you're not beat yet." Two blokes 
on the riverside, seeing the hope- 
lessness of it. yelled out, "Don't 
you mind him. You are beat. 
Chuck it, chuck it." 

i The New J. I. Case Triumph Gang Plow 

This plow has all the 
latest improvements, 
including Foot Lift, 
and is one of the many 
good implements sold 






vj? y^v yj? yjy 


March, 1905. 



New Style Plow Invented by 
Kansas City Man. 

The Kansas City Journal says : 
Frank binwiddie, 3017 East Twen- 
tieth street, engineer at the Journal 
building, has invented and patent- 
ed a plow that promises to revolu- 
tionize that factor in farming-. By 
his invention, he declares, two 
horses ean pull with ease a plow 
which will turn a furrow four feet 
w ide as against a gang plow which 
with four horses turns but twenty- 
eight inches. The ordinary two- 
horse plow lays over a strip of 
land only fourteen inches wide. 

By this comparison it will be 
seen that the amount of work which 
can be done with two horses in in- 
creased 200 per cent.; or, in oth:r 
words, the cost of this branch of 
farming is reduced 66 2-3 per 

Mr. Dinwiddie's patent is no 
complex contraption which will eat 
up in costs of repairs all the saving 
made. On a four-foot axle, sus- 
pended from the usual sulky frame, 
is a hollow cylinder one foot in 
diameter. Running from the axle 
to the surface of the cylinder are 
six sets of rods, six in a set pro- 
truding at equal distances in rows 
about the surface. To the end of 
each of these is affixed a four- 
pronged fork. The forty-eight inch 
axle throws these forks eight inches 

When the machine is in readi- 
ness for use the cylinder rests 
squarely on the ground with the 
forks on the under portion buried 
in the soil. As the team goes for- 
ward the cylinder revolves on t'- 
ground and each of the six broaci- 

Works of Canadian Petrified Brick and Stone Co., Lousie Bridge, Man. 
Office: 917-19 Union Bank Buildings, Winnipeg. 

sides, each composed of six forks, 
is in turn forced into the ground 
and drawn through the earth, each 
fork at the deepest point penetra- 
ting to the depth of six inches, 
which is the depth of the plow now 
in use. The prongs on the forks 
are curved in the same fashion as 
those on the ordinary eating fork- 
so they pierce the ground without 
any great expenditure of powers, 
sinking by degrees as the cylinder 
turns. As each set of forks 
emerges from the ground it is. by 
a clever axiliarv connection, turned 
automatically, sidewise, thus per- 
mitting the dirt to fall. Any that 
might cling is scraped off by an 
arm of iron that extends inward, 
circular shaped, from a frame 
without the cylinder. 

As they rise the forks are throw n 
back in their first position ready to 
sink into the ground again. By a 
contrivance that can be worked 

from a seat for the rider on top 
of the machine, the cylinder can be 
raised readily until the forks clear 
the ground. This same action 
throws off the gear and the cylin- 
der hangs stationary. 

Mr. Dinwiddie and several farm- 
ers gave the new plow a long trial 
in the east bottoms last fall. The 
farmers who witnessed the work- 
ings of the plow declared that they 
saw no reason why it should not 
prove entirely practical on all 
ground clear of rocks and roots. 
This means 500,000,000 acres in 
the United States. The invention 
will be of great use in the wheat 
belt. The appearance of the 
ground plowed by Dinwiddie's ma- 
chine is the same as if it had been 
spaded. The ground, thoroughly 
broken, lies clear of the furrows 
and mounds which result from the 
use of the present plow. 

Do Vou Build ? 

Waterloo Automatic Cement Block Machine 

Canadian Petrified Brick & Stone 

Co., Limited 
917=919 Union Bank Building 


The Office Specialty Mfg. Co., Ltd. 

126 Princess St., Winnipeg 

Makers of High-Grade Office Furniture 




Shannon Filing Cabinets 
Vertical Filing Cabinets Card Systems 


Sectional Book Cases School ! urniture 


391 Main St. 



East, West a — South 

Including OCEAN TICKETS to 


Pullman Sleepers. 

All Equipment First-Class. 

For Reservation of Berths and Tickets, apply to 

R. CREELMAN, Ticket Agent ) 391 MAIN ST., WINNIPEG. 
H. SWINFORD, General Agent [ Phone 1446. 



March, 1005. 

Metallic Shingle Rate. 

The Railway Commission, it is 
reported, have reached a decision 
in regard to the complaint that the 
railway companies are charging 
an excessive rate for the carriage 
of metallic shingles. The rates on 
wooden shingles, slate, etc., are in 
the tenth class and are frequently 
lower than that class. At the pre- 
sent time, owing to a change made 
not long since by the railway®, 
metallic shingles were transferred 
to the fifth class and the rate is 
such, the manufacturers say, that 
they cannot do any business under 
it. For eleven years the railways 
carried metallic shingles according 
to the rate in the seventh class, and 
there does not seem to be any valid 
reason 'why they should not con- 
tinue to do so. The railways, of 
course, have an objection. They 
contend that if metallic shingles are 
restored to the seventh class it in- 
volves the inconsistency of carriage 
of the manufactured article at a 
lower rate than the raw material. 
However, as metallic shingles re- 
mained under the seventh class for 
eleven years without working 
serious injury, there seems to be 
no good reason why they should 
not be restored to that class. The 
Railway Commission will probably 
decide in favor of the complainants 
and order the railways either to 
give a commodity rate or restore 
metallic shingles to the seventh 
class. ' 

New Cars. 

The Great Northern Railway 
recently added to their rolling 
stock two chair cars. These will 
be used en route between Winni- 
peg and St. Paul, on. the C.P.R. 
Gt. Northern line on which they 
are re-establishing a passenger 
train service. This will, undoubt- 
edly be a great boon to passengers 
as a large portion of the trip is to 
be made by daylight under the pro- 
posed schedule. 

New C. N. R. Lines. 

The following is a list of the 
construction work that will be 
taken up by the Canadian Northern 
Railway during the coming year : 
Completion of the main line to Ed- 
monton ; the Rossburn line to 
Rossburn ; the Carberry- Brandon 
section ; the Springfield branch, a 
distance of twenty miles from Win- 
nipeg ; the extension of the Prince 
Albert line from Melfort to Prince 

Albert ; and the completion of the 
Thunder Hill branch, from Swan 
River to a point just beyond the 
western boundary of the Province 
near Thunder Hill. 

Other construction work will 
probably be taken up, such as the 
extension of the Hartney line to 
Regina, and the commencement of 
several other projected lines in 
Western Canada, east of the Rock- 

Duty Raised. 

The action of the Dominion 
Government in placing an extra 
ten per cent, duty on automibiles, 
and parts thereof, has led to a 
storm of protest among Eastern 
dealers, who, prior to the Order- 
in-Council increasing the duty, 
made sales on the basis of the duty 
previously imposed; viz., 25 per 
cent. Many claim that with the 
duty placed at 35 per cent, there 
will be no profit in the business and 
in some cases they will lose money. 

With a view to having the ad- 
vance rebated on goods ordered 
from the factory, prior to the extra 
10 per cent, increase, a deputation 
of dealers from Toronto, Mon- 
treal and Ottawa, waited on the 
Government recently and advised 
that such steps be taken. As usual, 
the Government promised con- 

The reason for the adding of 10 
per cent, to the duty, we learn from 
an exchange, is due to the fact that 
the Department, and the Minister 
of Finance, Mr. Fielding, were 
rather doubtful as to the proper 
classification of automobiles. When 
they were first imported from the 
United States they were classed as 
gasoline engines, and duty was 
collected on that basis. Mr. Field- 
ing, however, now maintains that 
the automobile is a vehicle and that 
it should be levied on accordingly. 
The duties on gasoline engines, 
etc.. is twenty-five per cent., while 
on vehicles, generally, it is thirty- 
five per cent. This accounts for 
the increase. 

As a result of this change to a 
higher protective duty, concerns 
that are now starting business in 
Canada will be materially bene- 
fited. _ 

Carriage Factory Destroyed. 

The carriage factory of A. Peere 
& Co., at Montreal, Que., was total- 
ly destroyed by fire recently. 
Damage was done to the extent of 
$16,000. During the fire the roof 
was blown off but only resulted in 
injury to one fireman. 




" FLYER " 


Baggage bonded through to Canadian points, no customs inspection. 

Thoroughly Modern Equipment. 

Train leaves C.P.Ry. Depot 2.25 p.m. daily. 
Train leaves C.N Ry. Depot 5.20 p.m. dally. 
R. J. SMITH, D. F. & P. A. D. T. CUMMINGS. Ticket Agent. 

F. I. WHITNEY, G. P. & T. A.. St. Paul, Minn. 

The Short 

and Route of the 


Winnipeg, Man. 

Gateway City) 

Minneaoolis & St. Paul 

TWO THROUGH TRAINS with First-class Sleepers »nd Dining Car Service DAILY 

Connecting in Union Depot, St. Paul, with trains to and from Chicago and all Eastern 
and Southern points. 


C.N. -G.N. Line 
The Busy Man's Train 

LVv. Winnipeg - - - 17.20 k 
Ar. Minneapolis - - 7.35 k 
Ar. St. Paul - - - - 8.05 k 

Lv. St. Paul - - 
Lv. Minneapolis 
Ar. Winnipeg 

17.15 k 
17 50 k 
7.30 k 

C.N. N P. Line 

Lv. Winnipeg . - - - 13.40 k 
Ar. Minneapolis - - 6.50 k 
Ar. St. Paul 7.25 k 

Lv. St. Paul - - 
Lv. Minneapolis 
Ar. Winnipeg - 

- 20.00 k 

- 20.35 k 

- 13 35 k 

For Tickets, Sleeping Car Berth Reservations and Fuller Informa'ion apply 
to any agent Canadian Northern Railway. 
Cor. Main St. and Portage Ave., Phone 1066. Water St. Depot, Phone 2826. 


North -Western 




Minneapolis. St. Paul to Chicago. 

Gen. Agent 

513 Union Bank 


March, 1905. 

# ^ 4 

'/, ' 


Deering % M'Cormick 





Ask any Farmer you happen to meet why he 
uses these machines in preference to all others 


Binders Reapers 
Mowers Rakes 
Binder Twine Knife Grinders 

deering & Mccormick 

Binders Reapers Knife Grinders Shoe Drills 

Mowers Rakes Disk Drills Smoothing Harrows 

Binder Twine Tedders Cultivators Lever Smoothing Harrows 

Out-Throw Disc Harrows 



Canadian Branches : Calgary, Montreal, Regina, Toronto, London, Oltawa, St. John, Winnipeg 


March, 1905. 


Maw-Hancock Disc Plow 


We Can 
Supply You 
With Any 
Style of 

Our Other Lines : 

Olds and Winton 
Lome Wagons, Grain 
Grinders, Bissell Disc 
Harrows, Wood Saws 
and Pumps. 


To make Your Stock Complete for Spring Trade. 

JOS. MAW & CO., Limited 

Market Square, 
Winnipeg, Man. 



Walking, Sulky and Gang Plows, Disc and Drag Harrows, 
Straw Cutters, Grain Grinders, Manure Spreaders, 
Studebaker Farm and Delivery Wagons 




lena a,r»cl Logan Sts. 




Municipalities andl Contractors 

Will find it to their advantage to write us for Prices 
on Road Graders and Scrapers. We carry in stock a 
full line of 






The cut will give you an idea of the 
actual load it will carry and you can see 
how readily it should pump water from 
almost any depth. 

It will also run a Cutting Box. Churn 
Cream Separator. Washing Machine. 
Grain l'ickler, or Fanning Mill on the 


There are lots of uses for it in Town, 
such as Pumping Watei . running Printing 
Presses. Sausage Machines for the but- 
chers. Emery Stand and Drill in a 
blacksmith's shop, small machine shop, 
Wood-Working Tools, etc. We equip 
them with a Rotary Pump for pumping 
out cellars and guarantee a capacity of 
bis. a minute. 

Getting at parts is a serious matter on 
some engines. Got to tear things to 
pieces sometimes to get at a trifling 
part. Nothing like that on our AIR 
Cooled Engine — every part can be gotten at easily and any adjustment made 
at once. That gives our agents a big advantage and sales easier to make 
Incidently they make more percentage of profit on these 1J£ H.P. AIR 
COOLED ENGINES than on any other we know of. 

We have larger sizes in W r ater Cooled Engines. Also MARINE 
Engines and Complete Launches. 

If you want an agency, write us. 

501 Bannatyne Street, WINNIPEG, Tel. 3429 

Vol. I, No. 4. 

Fifty Cents Per Year Single Coi ien 
PbRtege Fnid Anywhere. Ki\e Cents. 


made a contract for the sale of 
Threshing Machines for the 
season of 1905. Write us today 
and 'secure an agency for the 


ost up to-date line in the market. 






Established 1849 Capital and Surplus $1,500,000 

Offices throughout the civilized world. Correspondence Invited. 


OFFICES IN CANADA— Halifax. N S., Montreal, Que , St. John, N.B , Hamilton.Ont., 

Ottawa, Out., Toronto, Out,, London, Out:, Quebec, Que , Vancouver. B C. 
C. G. SCHAFFTER, Superintendent, Union Bank Bldg., WINNIPEG, MAN. 


Good Harness 

And for this write to 

The Great West Saddlery Co. 

Winnipeg, Man., or Calgary, Alta., for their latest Illustrated Catalogue. 




Better write us about Grand Detour Farm 
Trucks. They are the best we have seen 
and the prices are right. 

" No one can give you a better deal." 



LK KOY PEU.ETIEK, Special Correspondent 
of the New York Times, savs :— " I went into the 
Klondike in 1897 taking my' Mick " With me 
there were two other correspondents, they each 
taking one of the larger machines, neither of 
which could stand the rough usage Thus my 
machine not only did my own work but the work 
of my brother correspondents as well. In 1898 I 
was President of the Yukon M inlng Exchange, 
and the little " Hlick." did all the work of the es- 
tablishment, which handled nearly all of the 
mining property that was transferred in Dawson 
that year. I refused 8300.00 for the machine It 
has uever been repaired during the four years 
which 1 have owned it. " \V hy 

pay the exorbitant prices asked for other makes 
of typewriters when we will sell you our No. 7 
Office .Machine for less than ha f their price, or 
our No. 5 Office and PortAble Machine for less 
than a third of the price at which they are sold 


When writing advertisers, kindly mention Canadian Farm Implements. 



Building Materials of every Description in 



Tell us all about your requirements 
and ask for our 1905 Catalog. 


246 Princess Street Winnipeg, Man. 


April, 1905. 






The large and constantly increasing sales 
of Cockshutt Implements, both in 
this and other countries, is not due alone 
to their superior quality. The completeness of the line counts for much. 

When a dealer puts in the full line of Cockshutt gOOds / it is no longer 
necessary to deal with a dozen or more concerns. 

Mixed car lots is our specialty, giving you 
carload prices on small lots. 


Improved +"or 1905 

Has new foot-lift and 10(X)-mile Dustproof Wheel Boxing 

- Send for special terms to dealers. 


Cockshutt Gang Plows 
Cockshutt Sulky Plows 
Cockshutt Walking Plows 
Cockshutt Disc Harrows 
Ideal Windmills 
Adams' Wagons 
Armstrong Buggies 


Has several improvements for this season. There is no riding plow 
built that can do any more or better work than the J. G. C. 
It gives universal satisfaction. 



Factory : Brantford WINNIPEG 

k. 4 


Vol. I, No. 4. 

Mutual Insurance. 

Unity of action is, undoubtedly, 
the most effective way of achieving 
results, when any item of more 
than ordinary interest or benefit is 
taken up. On this ground unity 
among the implement dealers of 
Western Canada is essential, now 
that the Western Retail Implement 
Dealers have shown their determi- 
nation to carry to a successful con- 
clusion the scheme of mutual fire 
insurance as promulgated in our 
February issue. 

This scheme is something that 
should appeal strongly to every im- j 
plement dealer, and particularly to 
the man handling implements in 
the smaller towns and villages who 
has not adequate fire protection. 
The proposition is one that can be 
made a great factor, both in econ- 
omy and results, to the implement 
dealers. In order to show the ben- 
efits derived from, and the growth 
of a similar association, known as 
the Implement Dealers' Mutual 
Fire Insurance Co., which is in 
connection with the North Dakota 
and Northwestern Minnesota Im- 
plement Dealers' Association, we 
are giving hereunder a few extracts 
from the address of the secretary, 
Mr. Geo. E. Duis, mayor of Grand 
Forks, N.D.. and who was elected 
president of the main association at 
the annual convention held at Far- 
go, N. D., a few weeks ago, at 
which he delivered this address 
from which we are taking these 
extracts. Mr. Duis says in part 
that a committee was appointed for 
the purpose of organizing a mutual 
fire insurance company for the ben- 
efit of the association in February, 
1903. This committee met in 
March of the same year and pro- 
ceeded to organize and elect tem- 
porary officers. The secretary was 
instructed to proceed to organize 
the company as expeditiously as 
possible and to report to the board 
of directors when the required 
amount of insurance had been se- 
cured. The amount required being 
$200,000. Applications to this 

amount had been secured by May 
10. The applications, articles of 
incorporation, by-laws and all the 
necessary legal requirements hav- 
ing been received, same were trans- 
mitted to the insurance commission- 
er of North Dakota, who thereupon 
legalized the writing of insurance of 
this company. The legal date of 
incorporation was May 15, 1903, 
since which time this company has 
been actively engaged in the fire in- 
surance business in North Dakota. 

At the first annual meeting held 
in December, 1903, the company 
hid in force business to the amount 
of $500,000. All losses and claims 
of every kind and nature had been 
adjusted and paid, with one excep- 
tion, for which there had not been 
enough time to make settlement. 
The business since that time has 
rapidly increased until at present 
business is now in force on the 
books of the company to the 
amount of over a million dollars. 
The losses from Dec, 1903, to Dec, 
1904, amounted to $10,431.04. All 
claims were promptly paid and 
much confidence was thereby in- 
stilled into the minds of doubting 
dealers. Besides paying all claims 
the company returned the 40 per 
cent, dividend promised. This 
amounted to $6500 and Mr. Duis 
expects that same will be doubled 
this year. This will mean a saving 
of several thousand dollars to the 
dealers who have risks and will also 
mean that this saving will go into 
the betterment of conditions at 
home. It will not go to foreign 
cities but will be spent right in the 
dealers' own town, county and 
state. The organization of this 
company, and other companies in 
other states, has also had the effect 
of keeping general insurance rates I 
down to a nominal figure. This 
company is in sound financial 
standing and every man who has 
insured his property with it is loud 
in its praise. 

The turbine engine is steadily in- 
creasing in use, both on land and 
on sea. 

Motor Boats. 

The advent of the gasoline en- 
gine has almost completely revo- 
lutionized the launch business of 
the world. Particularly is this true 
in the smaller sizes. Five years 
ago, motor boats operated by gas- 
oline engines did not number more 
than five per cent, of the launch 
trade, while to-day the launch 
equipped with steam engine and 
boiler is a rarity and the man who 
insists on having such an outfit is 
looked upon as a curiosity. It is 
merely another case of the "sur- 
vival of the fittest," for the reason 
that the gasoline engine takes up 
vastly less room, is more cleanly, 
and can be started without loss 
of time, whereas in the case of 
the steam engine it takes from 
twenty minutes to half an hour to 
get steam up in the boiler. 

It is possible to-day to purchase 
a marine gasoline engine for the 
propulsion of an ordinary row- 
boat. An engine of this type 
weighs but 37} lbs., is capable of 
■ developing from one to one and a 
half h.p., and can be bought with 
all fittings, piping, gasoline tank, 
c to. , for less than $100.00. A com- 
plete 16-ft. launch, capable of car- 
rying from six to eight people, 
equipped with the above engine, 
can be secured for $200 in Win- 
nipeg. There is practically no 
limit to the price one can pay, 
providing they have the desire and 
the cash, for a modern gasoline 
launch. During the recent Motor 
Boat Show in Boston there was ex- 
hibited a 00-ft. racing launch fitted 
with a gasoline engine, having six 
I cylinders and capable of developing 
100 h.p. This craft was sold to a 
Philadelphian for $8,500. 

During the past few years many 
manufacturers have been putting 
forth strenuous efforts to produce 
light engines for launch purposes. 
Many have succeeded in greatly 
! educing the we'ght but this is 
only done at an increased cost in 

Subscription Price { y^^. 

price. We know of a case where 
a Chicago manufacturer succeeded 
in building an engine capable of 
developing 83 h.p., weighing only 
650 lbs. This so increased the cost 
that it was found inadvisable to 
build such engines. For all ordin- 
ary motor boat purposes it is pos- 
sible to secure a 20 h.p. engine 
with four cylinders, weighing 400 
lbs. ;a 10 h.p. two cylinder, weigh- 
ing 260 lbs. ; a 5 h.p. single cylin- 
der, weighing 150 lbs. ; or 3 h.p. of 
100 lbs. These weights, being 
about the average, amply demon- 
strate how readily they can be 
adapted to the smaller boats. 

In the Canadian Northwest there 
are a large number of small lakes 
and large sloughs that are con- 
venient, and the advent of the 
small, fair-priced motor boat, which 
can be procured by anyone of 
moderate means, promises a re- 
creation and sport, the love for 
which is a trait of the Anglo-Saxon 
race. Up to the present, motor- 
boating has not made much pro- 
gress in Winnipeg or the West, 
but from indications seen on every 
hand, it is evident that a large 
number of these craft will go into 
commission during the coming 
season. Just now the supply is 
entirely inadequate to the demand. 
Among other concerns the Cooper 
Gasoline Engine Co., of 313 Don- 
ald St., this city, is paying particu- 
lar attention to this trade and that 
they are meeting with considerable 
success. Having a number of 
years' experience in the gasoline 
engine business they are in a posi- 
tion to advise customers regarding 
the most desirible outfit for their 

What is said to be the largest 
electlro-magnet in the world has 
been installed in the Bridgeport 
(Conn.) Hospital. It will be used 
for extracting pieces of iron and 
steel from the eyes of machinists 
and other metal workers who may 
be injured. 


April, J.905: 

The Useful Gas Engine. 

The gasoline engine has many 
advantages over any other power 
for farm use, unless it be electric- 
ity, and only in exceptional cases 
can electricity be obtained for pow- 
er. Gasoline engines, when ignited 
by a battery, can be operated any- 
where without danger from fire, and 
this is the great advantage over 
steam. It can also be started in a 
minute without waiting to get up 
steam, and when the work is done 
the expense stops at once. It re- 
quires no engineer, is automatic in 
action and self-regulating. At the 
Iowa State Fair last fall a traction 
gasoline engine was exhibited, and 
the operator would start it and get 
off and let it run around the circle 
with no attendant. The battery is 
better for ignition than the flame, 
and is cheaper and safer. 

For separating milk, churning, 
pumping, running saws, shredders, 
fanning mills, washing machines 
and grindstones, gasoline engines 
have proved by a wide experience 
to be entirely satisfactory. For 
threshing machines it is still an open 
question, for the smaller engines 
have so far recommended them- 
selves better than the larger ones. 
Stationary gasoline engines should 
be bolted firmly to a base of rock 
and mortar. If they can make the 
base tremble their work will not be 
satisfactory. In this locality prac- 
tically all the country newspapers 
are printed with gasoline engines, 
and sometimes a balky engine on 
an upper floor never gives a particle 
of trouble when it is removed to the 
lower floor and made solid. For 
small engines the style which uses 
the oil cooler instead of the water 
cooler has advantages, for water 
will freeze in the tank, sometimes 
and cause much trouble. If a water 
cooler is used and it be a stationary 
engine, the best way is to have the 
water in the cistern or a tank and 
let the engine pump it for cooling, 
the water running back to the cis- 
tern to be used over and over again. 
The cistern is out of the way, and 
it will not freeze. 

Small engines are usually more 
serviceable on the farm if portable 
and mounted. Even ordinary 
trucks work well, and shredding, 
wood sawing, etc., can be done any- 
where. A few farmers can unite in 
buying a shredder of moderate ca- 
pacity and a gasoline engine and 
circular saw and change work get 
their jobs done with no cash outlay 
but for gasoline, and suit them- 
selves as to the time to do it. 

The dairy farmer, however, needs 
an engine all to himself. He 
should have a farm separator, and 
should separate every da}', of course, 
and so he needs the engine night 
and morning every day in the year, 
and he can use it for other purposes 
the rest of the time as desired. 
Some dairy farmers rarely move 
their engines, finding so much use 
for them around the dairy house 
that they depend upon traveling 
outfits for heavy work, threshing, 
etc. The ease of operating, the 
cheapness, the saving in work, the 
freedom from danger or fire, the 
compact form and small room re- 
quired, and the readiness with 
which it can be started and stopped 
give the gasoline engine a great ad- 
vantage over other kinds of motive 
power for the farm. — E. C. Ben- 
nett, in Iowa — Homestead. 

Go Slow. 

The tendency of public opinion 
is to run to extremes. 

When danger threatens the 
people's rights, the people are usu- 
ally very slow to awake to the 
fact; but once aroused, they are apt 
to rush pell mell, like a flock of 
sheep, until they crash into the 
wall on the opposite side of the 

pasture. Then, if the common 
enemy happens to get caught in 
the rush he is crushed beneath the 
impact of the mass; but if adroit 
enough to slip out of line, the 
people simply bruise their own 

That there lies a real danger to 
the people, an actual menace to 
their rights, in the present day sys- 
tem of organized corporate greed 
cannot be denied. But a blind; 
headlong rush into the madness of 
wholesale socialism will never rem- 
edy, but simply increase, the 
1 rouble. 

There are two classes of would- 
be leaders of the people who 
clamor for socialism: That portion 
of the "masses" who, having failed 
to make a success of life, are 
anxious to compel a division of 
their wealth by the successful, and 
those slimy politicians who hope, 
by compelling a change in the es- 
tablished order, to get their feet 
in the public trough and "hog" as 
much of its contents as their 
mangy hides can hold. 

In the hullaballoo raised by 
these two classes, the people them- 
selves are apt to become confused 
and stampeded,- and so made to 
serve the selfish ends of their self- 

appointed and irresponsible lead- 
ers, to their own undoing. The 
remedy tried, therefore, may easily 
prove worse than the original 

It behooves the people to be 
doubly watchful of their interests, 
beset as they are with these double 
dangers, like the mariners of old 
between the rocks of Scylla and 
the maelstrom of Charybdis. 

' The people unquestionably have 
rights, and have the right to pro- 
tect these rights; but to attempt 
to do this by annihilating some 
of the most honorable and prac- 
tically helpful lines in which a host 
of good, upright citizens are law- 
fully engaged, in the vain hope of 
driving out of business a corpora- 
tion engaged in a similar line. >iin- 
ply because of its magnitude and 
greed and more or less unscrupu- 
lous methods, is folly and worse ; 
it is criminal injustice. 

By all means compel honorable 
competition by publicity or any 
other lawful methods: but let these 
over-zealous legislators be careful 
how they destroy the rights of a 
portion of the people in an osten- 
sible and one-sided attempt to pro- 
tect the rights of another portion ; 
and let them be doubly careful lest 
in so doing they undermine the 
whole social and business structure 
of the country. — The Weekly Im- 
plement Trade Journal. 

Every Dealer 

does not sell 


Only the best dealers in Canada can sell Canada's best 


Thev appeal only to people of taste and good judgment: 
the best trade, and who are in a position, financially, to 
wholesale. We deal through the trade, 
comes to protecting your trade. 

Thev are sold by people who cater to 
control the best. We are exclusively 
Once we contract, you will find us cast iron when it 

The famous 


known for excell- 
ance all over the 
entire West. 

Our Plant is located in the West. Prompt delivery. 
Cheap and Quick Repairs. 





The most scientifically designed Mill the 
world has yet produced. 

a o ■» 

IrVe manufacture the Daisy Hayes Double Cylinder Force Pump in Black and Galvanized 

Literature and prices sent anvwhere upon request. Send for it and you 
will soon be convinced that the MANITOBA'S are the MONARCH'S, and 
that there is monev in our lines for vou. 

The Manitoba Windmill and Pump 
Company, Limited MMrm 

Box 301 BRANDON, MAN. 


No water tanks, no gasoline pump. 
Simple, strong, safe. High in 
grade, but high in work also. 

ffgr Be careful when addressing us. Get 
it right. Say Manitoba and Box 301 

April, 1905. 



Pointers on Checks. 

Bank checks possess many ad- 
vantages for the conduct of busi- 
ness, and. are used to a proportion- 
ate great extent. They are in 
nature but orders for the payment 
of money and are payable in the 
order in which they are presented. 
As given in the usual course of 
business, they do not constitute 
payment of the indebtedness for 
which they are given until paid. 
.\'or will the concurrent receipting 
of the debts for which they are 
given change this. If they are 
not paid on proper presentation, 
resort may be had to the original 
claims. The rule is different in 
this respect as to certified checks. 
So the having of checks certified 
constitutes payment as to the per- 
sons drawing them. 

Checks should be dated. If not 
dated at all and they do not con- 
tain any statement as to when they 
are to be paid, they are never pay- 
able. They must be ante or post- 
dated, as w ell as dated on the day 
of delivery. By being ante-dated 
they may be made to cover prior 
transactions, and in a measure de- 
termine the relative rights of the 
parties to them, provided that no 
fraud is intended or done. Post- 
dating in the main determines the 
date of payment. 

.When post-dated so as to fall 
due or. Sunday, they are payable 
on the following Monday. Checks 
post-dated or maturing on legal 
holidays should be presented the 
day following. When post-dated 
checks are paid before the dates 
mentioned, the money paid on 
them can be recovered. If blanks 
are left for the dates, the holders 
of checks are thereby authorized to 
insert the true dates of delivery, 
but no other dates, and if they in- 
sert any other dates it makes the 
checks void. Changing the date 
of checks without consent of the 
drawers will do the same. 

The presumption is that When 
checks are drawn, funds will be 
provided at the banks on which 
they are drawn to meet them, but 
presentation for payment must be 
made within a reasonable time. If 
not so presented, the holders will 
be charged with any consequent 
loss. When persons receiving 
checks and the banks on which 
they are drawn are in the same 
place, they shtould be presented 
the same day, or at least, the day 
after "they are received. Where 

they are in different places, the 
checks must be mailed to some 
bank or person at the place where 
payable before the close of the day 
following any receipt, and the lat- 
ter must present them before the 
close of the banking hours on the 
day following the receipt there; 
no extra time will be gained by 
holders depositing checks in their 
own banks for collection. 

After duly presenting checks, it 
is also the duty of the holder, if 
they are not paid, to notify the 
drawers before the close of the 
next secular day following the pre- 
sentation and dishonor. No par- 
ticular form of notice is required. 
It may be written or verbal. The 
principal case in which losses oc- 
cur from failure to use due dili- 
gence in the collection of checks 
is where the banks on which they 
are drawn fail in the meantime. 
If the banks continue solvent, the 
drawers will remain liable to pay 
their checks for months at least, 
after they are drawn. Presenta- 
tion and notice of dishonor will 
also be dispensed with where there 
are no funds to pay checks, and 
where the banks on which they are 
drawn suspend payment before, 
they can be presented, using pro- 
per diligence. After receiving 
checks, they must be presented for 
payment, unless such presentation 
would be useless before the ori- 
ginal claims can be sued on, for, 
by accepting checks, there is an 
implied agreement to use that 
method of procuring the money 
for which they are drawn. 

When checks are negotiable and- 


Economical Power 

In sending out their last spec- 
ifications for gasoline engines 
' for West Point, the U. S. War 
Department required them "to be 
OLDS ENGINES or equal." They 
excel all others, or the U. S. Gov- 
ernment would not demand them. 

They are the horizontal type, 2 to 100 
H. P., and are so simply and perfectly 
made that it requires no experience to 
run them, and 

Repairs Practically Cost Nothin g 

Send for a catalogue of our Wizard En- 
gine 2 to 8 H. P. jump spark igni- 
tion system, same as in the famous 
Oldsmobile) the most economical 
small power engiue made; fitted 
with either pump-jack or direct 
connected pump;or our general 
catalogue showing all sizes. 
Olds Gasoline Engine Works, 

Lansing, Mich. 
Joseph Maw & Co., Ltd. 

« imn,-t Agenu. 
Winnipeg. Manitoba.. 

pass by indorsement or delivery, 
the same degree of diligence will 
be required of each person to 
whom they are endorsed, in order 
to hold those indorsing them, as 
is required of original payees to 
hold original drawers of checks. 
But by putting checks in circula- 
tion, the liability of the drawer 
cannot be prolonged. They must 
be presented within the same time 
by indorsees as by payees. 

The above interesting item was 
taken from the Winnipeg Com- 
mercial. It commends itself to 
our attention and we recommend 
it to our readers. It contains 
much sound information that 
should be of value to every busi- 
ness man. 

South African Trade. 

Owing to the continued dry sea- 
son in South Africa, which has 
caused the destruction of large 
droves of cattle, there prevails an 
active demand for pumps and 
windmills. The sinking of wells 
has become a necessity, and even 
the government boring machinery 
has been called into requisition in 
order to supply live stock with the 
necessary quantity of water that 
they must have in order to sustain 

Two types ~>i windmills are sale- 
able — a light one for pumping 
water for stock, and a heavier one 
for irrigation purposes. The Cape 
Town market is fairly well stocked 
with the lighter mills. The main 
points essential to the successful 
sale of wind motors is that they 
must be light, of great capacity, 
easy of removal from one point to 
another, and they'must be of the 
type that will be set in motion by 
the slightest breeze. Windmills 
of this sort are scarce, and Ger- 
man and Austrian manufacturers 
are doing all they can to gain con- 
trol of the trade. The American 
model, however, is conceded to be 
the most desirable machine, but 
according to all reports it be- 
hooves our manufacturers to look 
sharp if they are going to gain 
a footing and hold it. Care should 
be taken in packing and duplicate 
wearing parts sent, so that repairs 
can be made on short notice. For- 
eign dealers are giving special at- 
tention to this matter. 


For Automobiles, Machinery. 
Traction Engines, Threshers, Etc. 

A model of simplicity, durability and 
strength. Raise by working handle 
below center; lower by working 
handle above center. Works at any 
angle. Send for Catalog e. OLIVER 
MFG. CO., 210 Desplaines Street 
Chicago. 111. 

Municipal Scales 












Every village and town in Western Canada 
should have a municipal scale. Has yours 
one? If not, it is up to you to get the job 
and put in a Fairbanks Wagon Scale. Prices 
and catalogues sent on application. 


Montreal Toronto Winnipeg Vancouver ♦ 






April, 1905. 

Bill Nye as a Dairyman. 

When I was young and used to 
roam around over the country and 
gather watermelons in the light of 
the moon, I used to think I could 
milk anybody's cow, but I don't 
think so now. I do not milk the 
cow unless the sign is right, and 
it hasn't been right for a good 
many years. The last cow I tried 
to milk was a common cow, born 
in obscurity, kind of a self-made 
cow. I remember her brow was 
low, but she wore her tail high 
and she was naughty, oh so 

I made a commonplace remark 
to her. One that is used in the 
very best society, one that need 
not give offense. I said, "So" — 
and she "Soed." Then I told 
her to "Hist"— and she "Histed." 
But I thought she overdid it. She 
put too much expression in it. 

Just then I heard something 
crash through the window of the 
barn and fall with a thud, a sick- 
ening thud, on the outside. 

The neighbors came to see what 
it was that caused the noise. They 
found that I had dond it in getting 
through the window. 

I asked the neghbors if the barn 
was still standing. They said it 
was. Then I asked them if the 
cow was injured much. They said 
she seemed quite robust. Then I 
requested them to go in and calm 
the cow a little, and see if they 
could get my plug hat off her 

I am buying all my milk of a 
milkman. I select a gentle milk- 
man, who will not kick, and feel 
as though I can trust him. Then, 
if he feels as though he can trust 
me, it's all right. — Bill Nye. 

Mineral Production in 1904. 

The Dominion Geological Sur- 
vey Department has published the 
annual preliminary statistical state- 
ment of the mineral production of 
Canada for 1904. The value of 
the mineral products of Canada 
last year aggregated more than 
$60,000,000, which is a falling off 
of $2,500,000 in the grand total, 
but this does not necessarily indi- 
cate a general slackening in the 
permanent industries of the coun- 
try. It is rather a gradual return 
to the natural conditions after the 
abnormal inflation due to rapid ex- 
ploitation of the richer and easily 
accessible portions of the Yukon 
placers. To this cause can be at- 

tributed nearly $2,000,000 of the 
decrease shown. Taking the dif- 
ferent classes, comparison with the 
totals of 1903 shows that the 
structural material and clay pro- 
ducts class remained practically 
stationary as far as their aggregate 
value is concerned. Practically 
every province in Canada shows a 
falling off. Nova Scotia, which 
ordinarily has an output of about 
half a million dollars, shows a de- 
crease^ of nearly half its produc- 
tion. Several reasons are given 
for this, among which may be 
mentioned the extreme drought 
during the past season, the closing 
down, owing to financial difficult- 
ies, of a number of the best pro- 
ducing mines, and the cessation of 
production at the Richardson mine 
owing to the destruction of the 
shaft and workings by an exten- 
sive crush- 

In Ontario, although a consider- 
able amount of prospecting and 
development work has been done, 
most of the mines that were for- 
merly important producers, were 
not operated during the year. 

In British Columbia, an increas- 
ed output from placer mines is 
indicated, while a smaller produc- 
tion was obtained from the lode 
mines. The ore shipments from 
Rossland and vicinity, the chief 
go4d producing district, were less 
in 1903 by about 20,000 tons. 

The Yukon output for the year. 
$111,(10(1,(10(1, is based on the re- 
ceipts of Canadian Yukon gold at 
the United States mint at San 
Francisco and other receiving 

Although over twice as much 
lead was produced in 1904 as in 
1903, the output is still far from its 
former maximum, viz., 31,584 tons 
in 1900. The production in 1004 
was about 19,000 tons as compared 
with 9,070 tons in 1902. 

The exports of lead from Canada 
in 1904 were 12,913 tons of lead 
in ore, etc., and about 21 tons of 
pig lead. Exports of iron ore were 
108,828 tons, valued at $401,738. 
In addition to the ore exported, 
about 180,932 tons of ore, worth 
about $489,687, were mined in 
Canada and charged to Canadian 
blast furnaces. — Canadian Manu- 

In China all the land belongs to 
the state and the only tax is a 
slight sum per acre, paid as rent, 
and which has never varied through 
all the centuries of time. 

Life of the Cream Separator. 

The dealer is often asked ques- 
tions by the farmer concerning the 
lasting qualities of cream separa- 
tors. This is one of the strong 
points made by many manufactur- 
ers in order to promote the sale 
of their particular machine. Dur- 
ing the past few years the manu- 
facture of ihese machines has 
grown at a phenomenal rate, and 
every day farmers are becoming 
more and more alive to the ad- 
vantages and profits to be derived 
from the use of a cream separator. 
They are very particular in their 
choice of machines and want only 
those that will do the closest skim- 
ming, last the longest, and can be 
operated with the least exertion. 
This discrimination on the part 
of the farmer has been the cause 
of many so-called cream separators 
finding a resting place on the scrap 

The most important factor in 
the life of the separator is care. 
Its life depends on the treatment 
it receives at the hands of the 
operator. A machine, even of the 
highest grade, will be speedily 
rendered useless by a careless or 
incompetent operator. Its life will 
be shortened and its effectiveness 
will have departed, leaving the pur- 
chaser with a mind soured against 
cream separators in general and 
his own make of machine in par- 
ticular. If the machine is properly 
taken care of it will last for many 
years. A modern cream separ- 
ator, with careful handling, should 
last and do good work for at least 
fifteen years. 

There are many styles and 
makes of machines offered on the 
market at the present time, and 
each has some particular point to 
recommend it. The truth regard- 
ing the cream separator problem 
appears to be that the machine 
that receives the best care at the 
hands of the operator is the one 
that will last the longest and give 
the most satisfactory results. Very 
much depends on the man. There 
is scarcely any room for dispute on 
this point. The care of the separ- 
ator is its life, and if the operator 
is not careful, the life of the 
machine will be short. 

In order to insure length and 
satisfaction of service it is essen- 
tial that the machine be kept in 
the most cleanly condition. It 
should be thoroughly washed every 
time it is used, not every other 
time, or once a week. Every part 
that comes in. contact with the 
milk must be cleaned and scalded 
after each milking. If this pro- 
cedure is not followed, the part 
subject to the acid of the milk- 
will become blackened and in many 
cases corroded. Where this state 
of affairs exists the life of the 
machine will be short. Washing 
is one of the most important points 
in getting a separator to give the 
best satisfaction. This cannot be 
supplied by the manufacturer. I fe 
can only give instructions as to the 
proper method of operation. He 
makes the machine, guaranteeing 
it to do perfect work if kept in 
proper condition. As a rule, the 
machine will satisfactorily perform 
its part of the contract providing 
the operator does likewise. Deal- 

Send for Pric 


Porcelain Lined Iron 
Cylinder Wood Pumps 

Made only of the Best 


Morden Double Action 
Force Pump 

es and Discounts 

Melotte Cream Separator Co. 


April, 1905. 



crs, when placing machines with 
the farmers cannot make this 
point too strong. We regret to 
say that many farmers are ex- 
ceedingly lax legarding the care 
of their machines. (This is not 
alone applicable to the separator, 
but to almost every other imple- 
ment and machine on the farm). 
They get the idea that if the sep- 
arator is simply rinsed out after 
each period of use that such is 
sufficient. This, of course, is a 
false idea and not entertained for 
a moment among careful, studious 
dairymen. The most satisfactory 
method of washing the separator 
is first to rinse it out with cold 
or tepid water immediately after 
using. This should be followed by 
a thorough scalding with boiling 
water, after which the parts so 
treated should be placed in the 
sunlight in such a position that 
dust cannot get at them. 

The care of the frame and gear- 
ing of the separator is overlooked 
by many otherwise careful oper- 
ators. It is just as essential to 
the longevity and work of the ma- 
chine to have the gearing and 
farmer in a cleanly condition as it 
is to pay attention to the other 
parts. Once a month, at least, the 
gearing should be cleaned of all 
old oil and grit. There has never 
been, that we have ^een, a per- 
fectly dust pro if separator. More 
or less grit is bound to get into 
the gearing of any of them. No 
harm from this source will result 
if the machine is thoroughly clean- 
ed once a month. 

All the old oil should be removed 

and new oil applied. Care should 
I be taken in the application of the 
oil. As was <^aid in a previous is- 
sue, mower oil will not do, and 
it is equally bad to apply too much 
oil as it is to apply too little. If 
the gearing of the machine is of the 
best quality when the machine is 
sold to the operator and he takes 
care to see that all the gearing is 
kept free from gummy oil, grit or 
other foreign matter, there will be 
little, if any, wearing of these parts ; 
therefore, the life of the separator 
will be lengthened indefinitely. 

Carelessness is, undoubtedly, the 
greatest destroyer of cream sepa- 
rators. No machine, no matter 
how high the quality, will last if 
it is not taken care of in a proper 
manner. We know of many cases 
where the gearing and frame of 
the separator are never touched, 
also a number of cases where the 
parts that come in contact with the 
milk are only washed as the fit 
takes the owner. What is the re- 
sult? Nothing but dissatisfaction 
both for the dealer and operator. 
The life of any machine, under 
simifar conditions, would be short, 
and the cream separator is no ex- 
ception to the rule. 

When one considers all the good 
things that can be said in favor of 
the separator one is forced to won- 
der at the number of misleading 
statements that are made regard- 
ing it. Not long ago a certain 
paper, speaking of the separator, 
was authority for the statement 
that five cows would produce 
enough more butter with a sepa- 
rator to be equivalent to $8± more 
than could be got from the same 
cows without the use of a sepa- 
rator. This is an exaggeration, 

and' all exaggerations are detri- 
mental to the business of the deal- 
er. No reputable seller desires to 
place his wares in the hands of 
the consumer by talking what he 
knows, or should know, to be un- 
truthful. A separator that is a 
close skimmer will, under varied 
conditions, make a gain of ten dol- 
lars per average cow per milking 
season over and above that pro- 
duced without a separator. In a 
herd of eight or ten cows the 
separator will effect enough saving 
in butter fat to pay for itself with- 
in a year from the time it is 
started, and will, when properly 
cared for. gain its own price year : 
by year. The separator will pro- 
duce greater profits during its life 
than am- other machine manufac- 
tured for the use of the dairyman, 
providirg- that it is looked after 1 

A Neat Catalogue. 

We recently received from the 
Deere & Mansur Co., of Moline, 
111., one of their handsome 110- 
page catalogues. This is one of 
the finest examples of the printers' 
and bookbinders' art that has come 
to hand. The fine quality of paper 
used brings out to advantage the 
large number of half-tones which 
are distributed throughout the 
catalogue. There are also a num- 
ber of colored illustrations which 
lend effect to the work. It con- 
tains a fund of information con- 
cerning the goods manufactured 
by this company, such as planters, 
drills, disc harrows, seeders, weed- 
ers, cultivators, stalk cutters, hay 
loaders, etc. The Fairchild Co. of 
this city are their agents. 

val Separators 

The Standard of Excellence 

DE LAVAL skimming qualities, wearing 
qualities and catalogued capacities can be 
depended upon as surelvas the Government's 

You may "think" the other kind is good 
enough but you "know" the puchase of a 
DE LAVAL SEPARATOR eliminates the 
element of chance. 

Over 600,000 in use, exceeding by ten 
times all other makes combined. 

Awarded even- Highest Prize at every 
International Exposition for over a Quarter 
of a Century. 

A post card will bring our catalogue. 

The De Laval Separator 

248 McDermot Ave. Winnipeg 

New York Chicago • Philadelphia San Francisco 


Farmers want to buy a reliable Cream Separator. They pay you good money for planting 
and harvesting machines, which they use for a few weeks and leave idle all the rest of the year. 
But when they buy a Cream Separator they are getting a machine that save time, work and 
money twice a day, every day in the year. That's one reason why thousands of farmers will 
buy United States Cream Separators this spring. 

If there are farmers in your locality who keep cows, there are sure to be some U. S 
Separators sold. It is the most widely advertised separator on the market, and has the 
merit to back up all claims we make on paper. Farmers know about it — you don't 
need to explain its good points. Look at the cut and you will understand why the 
U.S. appeals to a customer. 

Spring is the best time to sell Cream Separators — act now. Just fill out 
and mail us the coupon and we'll show you why it is money in your S.- <? The VER- 

° Bellows Fall, Vt. 

° Gentleineu :— You may explain 
why it is to my advantage to handle 
<"he United States Cream Separator. 

pocket to sell the U. S. Cream Separator. 



Distributing Warehouses at Winnipeg, Calgary, Vancouver 

....Name _ 




April, 1905. 


J. P. Minhinnick, general agent 
for the Frost & Wood Co., in Al- 
berta, spent last week in Edmon- 
ton and district. 

Geo. Manuel, of the Internat- 
ional Harvester Co., took a business 
trip to Calgary recently. 

The weather in this district has 
been delightful during the past 
month. It has been warm and 
dry with the result that a large part 
of the seeding has been completed. 

The spring implement trade this 
season is not so brisk as in for- 
mer years. The agents are more 
particular regarding the class of 
men with whom they do business 
on credit than formerly. Collec- 
tion returns in this territory for the 
past two years has effectually 
taught the dealers a lesson so that 
they are not now filled entirely 
with the desire to "get the goods 

W. J. O. Bouchier has severed 
iiis connection with the Interna- 
tional Harvester Co. He will for 
the present continue to reside here. 

A. I. Walker, of the Interna- 
tional Harvester Co., here, recently 
returned from a trip to Vegreville. 

He was accompanied by Mr. A. 
C. Fraser, manager of the Edmon- 
ton branch of the Merchants Bank. 
It is reported that a branch of 
this bank will be established at 
Vegreville, which is situated on 
the new Canadian Northern line 
to Edmonton, in the heart of the 
Vermillion Valley district, about 
100 miles east of here. 

The Bellamy Implement Co., of 
this place, are making preparations 
for an extensive expansion of their 
business during the coming sum- 
mer and fall. Mr. Thos. Bellamy 
of this concern recently purchased 
the present Baptist church build- 
ing on May St., just north of Jas- 
per Ave. This church will be 
vacated in the fall, and it is Mr. 
Bellamy's intention to convert it 
into a large implement warehouse. 
They have at present a frame build- 
ing 48 x 82 on the property im- 
mediately adjoining the church. 
This concern does a large busi- 
ness in McConnick machinery as 
well as in many other lines of im- 
plements and vehicles. 

Mr. R. L. Hoar, formerly in the 
employ of the Frost & Wood Co., 
at Winnipeg, is here negotiating 
with Berry & Hughes, Frost & 
Wood Co. agents at Fort Saskat- 

chewan, for the purchase of th^ir 

Edmontonians are exceedingly 
gratified at the honor of having 
their popular citizen, Hon. Frank 
Oliver, appointed to such an im- 
portant position as Minister of the 
Interior. A huge reception was 
tendered him on his return from 
the East. 

Collections have recently im- 
proved in this vicinity. An in- 
crease in market prices has mater- 
ially bettered conditions all round. 
Farmers are now disposing of live 
stock they have held over all win- 
ter and are beginning to meet 
their payments on the machinery 
which, in many cases, they pur- 
chased when they had no need of 
it. The excellent prices that pre- 
vail for oats has also had the effect 
of considerably loosening the 
stringency of money, so that taken 
all through things are in much 
better state than was anticipated 
a short time ago. 

Beatty Bros. Buy Provan Hay 

The delegates of the Canadian 
Manufacturers' association visiting 
England in June will be invited to 
attend a banquet to celebrate the 
incorporation of the West India 
committee by a royal charter. 

Among the manufacturers of 
smaller lines of implements, there 
if no more progressive firm than 
Beatty Bros., of Fergus, Ont., 
situated in about the centre of 
Ontario, on both the Canadian 
Pacific and Grand Trunk Railways. 
With a water power and excellent 
manufacturing facilities, they have 
rapidly built up a large hay tool 
business. Their Columbia fork is 
known from one end of the country 
to the other. 

Last fall they purchased outright 
tht business, patents and patterns 
of J. W Provan, of Oshawa. Mr. 
Provan was known as one of the 
most original and successful hay 
tool men in Canada. At the prin- 
cipal fairs, including the World's 
Fair in Chicago, he won the high- 
est awards in the face of competi- 
tion from the largest firms, both 
Canadian and American. Many of 
his ideas have become standard in 
the hay tool world. 

The Beatty unloaded certainly 
contain many points of decided ad- 
vantage, which are fully covered 
by patents. Dealers will do well to 
write for the handy circulars which 
illustrate and describe their com- 
plete line. 


The Moline Line is Complete 

Moline Plows, Fish Wagons, Crescent Canadian Wagons, Mandt 
Wagons, Stover's Ideal Feed Mills, Horse Powers, Blue Ribbon Vehicles 
Sandwich Hay Presses, Webber Fanning Mills, Success Harrow Carts, 

etc. are some of our 


Over 100 styles to 
select from, consisting 
of Surreys, Driving 
Wagons, Stanhopes, 
Top Buggies, Bike- 
Wagons, Democrats, 
etc. Write for prices 
on Rubber Tired work 





Splendid designs 
Artistic finish : : 

Honestlv built 

Our Catalogue, No. 
18, will show you 
what we have. Our 
Price list will interest 
you, ask for both : : 


We have what you want. Our terms are reasonable and prices right. 

Address all communications to 


April, 1905. 




Mr. D. H. Watson, assistant 
manager of the Balfour Implement 
Co., Winnipeg, spent Sunday with 
his family here. 

Mr. J. F. Templeton, manager 
of the Imperial Implement Co.. 
who is pushing business from 
Brandon westward to Indian 
1 lead, was in town recently. 

The Times Publishing Co. arc 
moving their plant from their pre- 
sent quarters to larger and more 
commodious offices in the Hughes 
Block on Tenth Street. They are 
installing considerable additional 
machinery and furniture and intend 
t<, make their plant up to date in 
every respect. 

Mr. L. T. Robier, who recently 
sold his farm in this district, has 
gone to Wauchope, Assa., where 
he will engage in the implement 
business. He will represent the 
Massey-Harris Co. and will also 
handle the products of the A. Kelly 
Milling Co. of this place. Mr. 
Robier is an energetic gentleman 
and we are satisfied that he will 
attend to the wants of the people 
in the Wauchope district. 

Mr. F. D. Blakely, of Canadian 
Farm Implements, was in town in 
the interests of that journal. 

Mr. G. R. Burkell, of the firm 
of Burkell & Betts, carriage build- 
ers at Neepawa, was in town re- 
cently in connection with the Can- 
adian Order of Woodmen of the 
World, of which organization he is 
a prominent and active member. 

Mr. W. B. Cameron, Massey- 
Ilarris agent, had the pleasure of 
a visit from a number of the Win- 
nipeg officials of the company a 
short time ago. Among these 
gentlemen was Mr. C. H. Whit- 
tiker, Mr. W. White and Mr. S. F. 

The two Macks, McNeill & Mc- 
Kellar, opened for business on 
April 1st. Indications are that 
they will receive a fair share of 
the business. 

Seeding has been going on in 
this vicinity since April 7th. The 
ground is in fine condition, and 
upwards of a hundred drills were 
sold by local dealers this season. 
A much larger acreage is being 
seeded this year than ever before. 
A good demand prevails for work 
horses and the market is quite 
equal to that of previous years. 

Mr. W. Willis, representing the 
Reeves Co., was in town a few 
days ago in connection with the 
interest of that concern. 

Jobbers and manufacturers of 
farm implements ancV machinery 
are beginning to recognize the fact 
rhat Brandon is one of the best 
distributing centres in Manitoba. 
'I he recent adjustment in freight 
rates gives added impetus to this 
claim, as the through freight rate 
is twelve cents additional from 
Winnipeg, whereas the local rate 
from Winnipeg is fourteen cents. 
Besides this saving, there is 
quicker transportation in through 
car lots, and as Brandon is ad- 
mirably situated for trans-shipping 
purposes to Western Manitoba 
and the new provinces, it is most 
advantageous as a distributing cen- 
tre. There is, however, an urgent 
necessity for the erection of new 
warehouses. The following com- 
panies are now distributing from 
Brandon: Frost >S: Wood Co., Mas- 
sey-Harris Co., Sylvester Co., 
Cockshutt Plow Co. and the Am- 
erican Seedinof Co. 

Carbon the Factor. 

We often see two pieces of wire, 
equal sizes and apparently the 
same quality, but when subjected 
to test one wire will almost stand 
double that of the other. Why is 
this? What is the real difference 
in steel wire that makes one kind 
so much stronger than the other, 
though both are of the same gauge 
and look alike. The principal 
cause of the difference is due to 
the quality of the ore from whic.i 
the pig iron was manufactured, 
and also the different processes 
through which the metal went in 
its various stages of manufacture. 
The most powerful element in the 
strength of steel is carbon. It 
strengthens and hardens the metal, 
and when properly assimilated, 
adds to its toughness. Hardness 
in wire can be obtained in low car- 
bon steel by working under cer- 
tain conditions, but wire of this 
description is produced at the ex- 
pense of toughness and there is 
very little added to its strength. 
According to tests recently made 
by capable authorities, wire con- 
taining 3 per cent, carbon has 90 
per cent, more strength than com- 
mon steel wire. A high carbon 
wire of No. 9 gauge has an average 
strength of 2,400 lbs., as compared 
with 1,300 lbs. for common wire 
of the same gauge. It is very 
poor economy to order other 
grades of wire when the best qual- 
ity can be purchased for only a 
slight increase in price. 





qsGi The line of Implements you handle 
has a great deal to do with your success 
or failure. 



" Best Ever" Gang Plow. 

The Gang Plow shown above is just what its name 
implies. The ''Best Ever" — easy foot lift operation, 
heavy beams, patent dust prcrof wheels, and the best set 
of shares and bottoms produced on any plow. 


A Strong 
Gang at 
a Weak 

Canadian Chief Gang Plow. 

The "Canadian Chief" Gang Plow will get you the 
light gang trade. Place a trial order, the results will 
be convincing. 

Address all communications to 

Canadian Moline Plow Co., 




April, 1905. 



Published eacli month by 

Canadian farm Implements, Ltd. 

901-2 Union Bank Building, 
Winnipeg, Man., Canada. 
Phone 518. 

Single copies Five Cents. Fifty Cents per year. 
(Postage Paid Anywhere.) 

Rates Made Known on Application. 
Change cf Copy for Advertisements should reach 
this office not later than the loth of each 
month — Cuts and Copy for New Adver- 
tisements can be received as late as 
the 20th of each month. 

This paper does not undertake to endorse 
opinions that may be expressed in its corres- 
pondence columns. 

F. D. Blakely - President and Manager. 
P. G. Van Vleet - - Vice-President 

Eastern Office : 
1 Wellington St. W., Toronto, Ont 
Chicago Office 
Room 818 Hartford Building. 
A, S. Corb ... Representative. 


Co-operative Harvesting Co. 

We are in receipt of the follow- 
ing letter from the Farmers' Co- 
operative Harvesting Machine 
Co., Ltd., Toronto, which is self- 

Toronto, April 12th, 1905. 
The Canadian Farm Implements, 
Limited, 901 Union Bank Build- 
ing, Winnipeg, Man. 
Gentlemen: — Our attention has 
been directed to an article appear- 
ing on the editorial page of your 
issue for March, 1905, relating to 
the affairs of this company. 

The libellous statements in ques- 
tion were first given out malici- 
ously for the purpose of injuring 
the company. What purports to 
be the financial statement read by 
the secretary is not the true state- 
ment as presented to the share- 
holders but a fictitious statement 
invented for circulation against the 

It is not true that the annual 
meeting was "hot and excited." 
The only adverse criticism came 
from the ex-official responsible for 
the mis-information given out, and 
there was at no time any dis- 
turbance excepting that at one par- 
ticular point the shareholders got 
tired of listening to him and at- 
tempted to howl him down and 

had to be called to order by the 
chairman. The statement that 
when the ex-official referred to re- 
tired from the position of manag- 
ing director a vote of regret was 
placed on the minute book is ab- 
solutely untrue. 

The further statement that he 
had asked the Provincial Secretary 
to make an investigation was pub- 
lished simply for effect. He knows 
as well as anyone else that the 
Provincial Secretary has neither 
the power nor the desire to order 
such an investigation, and if such 
a letter was sent to the Provincial 
Secretary, of which so far there 
is no evidence, it was done mere- 
ly that a copy of it might be print- 
ed in the press. 

Since the article was published in 
your paper you will have observed 
that the "Montreal Witness" and 
other eastern papers have been 
satisfied as to the libellous nature 
of the information given out and 
have made suitable explanations 
and apologies. We presume that 
in the case of your paper there was 
no intention to give out wrong 
information and we would therefore 
ask you to publish this communi- 
cation in a prominent position in 
your next issue. 

If you will advise us by return 
mail that you will insert the fore- 
going explanation it will be satis- 
factory to us, otherwise we will 
have to instruct our solicitors to 
issue a writ for libel. You are, 
of course, at liberty to omit this 
concluding paragraph from the 
matter published. 

Yours truly, 

Farmers' Co-Operative Harvest- 
Machine Co., Limited. 
W. C. Well, Secretary. 

We Think Not. 

"Some of the journals of Bel- 
gium, deploring the trade conditions 
here in certain lines, are encouraged 
to hope that manufacturers will be 
forced to compete in other coun- 
tries. To extend their markets 
they are advised to specialize on 
products offering extra advant- 
ages. It is alleged that Belgian 
manufacturers of agricultural im- 
plements have entered into serious 
competition with Americans in 
what the latter term their own mar- 
ket (Canada;, and have succeeded 
in placing products in greater 
quantities than have the Ameri- 
cans, heretofore thought to excel 
in that line." 

The above item was taken from 
a report made by a United States 
consul to Belgium and was repro- 
duced in several trade papers 
across the line. It comes as a de- 
cided surprise to us, in view of the 
fact that we were not aware that 
Belgian agricultural implements 
and machinery are imported into 
this country in any quantity. We 
do not know of any Belgian con- 
cern following this line of business, 
that has any branches or agencies 
in this country. We have never, 
to our knowledge, seen an adver- 
tisement exploiting Belgian goods 
in any agricultural or trade paper 
published in the Dominion, and we 
are of the opinion that manufac- 
turers in Belgium are not negli- 
gent of the value of advertising 
and we are convinced that were any 
amount of business done we would 
at least hear of it in an advertis- 
ing way. 

From the above excerpt it would 
appear to us that the Belgian press 
infer that all agricultural imple- 
ments used in this country are im- 
ported from our neighbors to the 
south. This, of course, is entirely 
erroneous. Though we still im- 
port large quantities of goods from 
Uncle Sam's domain, still the bulk 
of the trade is done by concerns 
manufacturing within our own bor- 
ders. Many concerns in the States 
that do not manufacture in Canada 
have their agencies and branch 
houses scattered throughout the 
land. The arrival of thousands of 
immigrants weekly and their lo- 
cating on homesteads, etc., has so 
stimulated the implement industry 
that the supply is scarcely more 
than adequate to meet the demand. 
We have no doubt if our Belgian 
newspaper friends were able to 
take a trip through Canada, as did 
the British journalists a year or 
two ago, they would change their 
opinions regarding our country. 

Buyer's Guide. 

We are indeed indebted to the 
Farm Implement News Co., Chi- 
cago, for a copy of their Buyer's 
Guide for 1905. As the title in- 
dicates this is a volume published 
in the interests of the dealer and 
contains a complete compilation of 
the various concerns manufacturing 
farm implements and machinery 
across the line. It contains 568 
pages and lists the goods of 2,233 
manufacturers, classified in such 
a manner as to be easy of reference. 
We congratulate the Company on 
getting out such a valuable volume. 

College President Appointed. 

At the meeting of the Agricul- 
tural College Board held on 19th 
inst., Mr. W. J. Black, the present 
Deputy Minister of Agriculture, 
was unanimously elected to the 
presidency of the new Manitoba 
Agricultural College. In our opin- 
ion Mr. Black is a most suitable 
man for the position and the Col- 
lege Board is to be congratulated 
on the appointment of such an effi- 
cient head. Though a young man, 
Mr Black has a vast amount of 
knowledge pertaining to agricul- 
tural matters. He is a graduate 
of Guelph Agricultural College and 
was previous to taking the position 
of Deputy Minister, editor of the 
Western edition of the Farmer's 
Advocate. During his residence in 
the West, Mr. Black has made a 
host of friends, and we, along with 
these, wish him continued success. 

Japan Increases Duty. 

The Japanese Government has 
adopted a new schedule of import 
duties to go into effect the 1st 
of July this year. This new sched- 
ule provides for an increase on 
practically all lines of imports. 
Agricultural implements will be 
taxed 10 per cent, ad valorem, an 
increase of 5 per cent, over the 
present schedule. The duty on 
carriages and vehicles is increased 
from 25 to 35 per cent, and on 
cordage and twine of all kinds 
from 10 to 15 per cent. 

C. P. R. Concession. 

That the Winnipeg Wholesale 
Implement & Carriage Dealers' 
Association is accomplishing good 
work for its members is evidenced 
by the fact that the association 
recently succeeded in getting the 
C.P.R. authorities to restore the 
ruling that provided for the switch- 
ing of cars of agricultural imple- 
ments and carriages between one 
warehouse and another, in order to 
facilitate loading, at a regular 
charge of |3.00 per car. During 
the period that this order was an- 
nulled by the company, the jobbers 
who had orders for mixed carloads 
were forced to haul their goods 
by drays from the warerooms to 
he shipping platform of a brother 
jobber, at whose platform the 
railway authorities placed the car. 
This procedure naturally resulted 
in considerable loss of time and in 
much additional expense for dray- 

April, 1905. 




Mr. J. M. Docker has been ap- 
pointed general agent of the Gaar- 
Scott Co. in this city. Mr. Docker 
comes to his new position well 
qualified, having for the past two 
vears been manager of the repair 
department of the American-Abell 
Co., and for the previous fifteen 
years in connection with the John 
Abel! Co. and has a wide and 
thorough knowledge of the thresh- 
ing machine business. He is a 
Canadian and was born at Dunn- 
ville, Ont. We congratulate the 
company in securing the services 
of such a capable and efficient 

llargrave, Man., is to have a 
new implement warehouse. Tt is 
understood that Knight & Robbins, 
the popular implement dealers 
there, are the builders. 

The well known implement firm 
of Cameron & Duncan, of Melita, 
have discontinued their branch at 
Pierson. It is their intention to 
concentrate their energies on their 
Melita business. 

.Mr. D. D. Thompson, imple- 
ment dealer at Elva, Man., has de- 
cided to extend his business. He 
has opened a branch at Melita, 

Mr. J. A. Cummings, formerly 
of Oak River, Man., has removed 
to Brandon. Mr. Cummings will 
go on the road for the Internation- 
al Harvester Co. 

Mr. A. V. MacLeod, of Mac- 
Leod Si Hanley, implement deal- 
ers at Brandon, was in Winnipeg 
on business during the month. 

A new company was recently 
incorporated at Pembroke, Ont., 
for the manufacture of incubators, 
power wheels, agricultural im- 
plements, etc. This concern will 
do business under the title of the 
Lee-Hodgins Co. 

Mr. S. A. Kaufman, manager of 
the collections department of the 
International Harvester Co., ac- 
companied by Mr. J. A. Coburn, 
the divisional manager of the same 
department, wore in the city re- 

Mr. W. S. Ross, western trav- 
eller for the Goldie & McCulloch 
Co., of Gait, Ont., was in the city 
for a few days recently. Mr. Ross 
will travel very extensively over 
this western country during the 
coming season. 

Mr. John Turner, blockman for 
the International Harvester Co. at 
Brandon, paid this city a visit on 
business a short time ago. 

The above is an exc 
the past six years was ge 
and who recently resign 
Implement Co., of which 
Norris was born in Haldi 
parents removed to Minn 
1894 he devoted himself 
position with the Gaar 
Mr. Norris left the emp 
but returned in 1S96 to 
pointed by thorn in char 
peg. In taking hi-; new 
Co., Mr. Norris takes wi 
friends, won by is genial 
in business matters. 

John R. Norris. 

client portrait of Mr. J. R. Norris, who for 
neral agent for the Gaar-Scott Co. in this city, 
ed to take over the management of the Norris 

he was one of the original promoters. Mr. 
mand County, Ontario, from which place his 
esota when he was seven years of age. Until 
to school and farm work, when he secured a 
Scott Co. at Fargo, N.D. At the end of a year 
loy of this company and went in for railroading, 
(he service of the company, and in 1900 was ap- 
ge of the branch they decided to open in Winnir 
position as manager of the Norris Implement 
'h him the good wishes of a large circle of 

manner and his excellen tact and good judgment 

Mr. A. E. McKinstry. Canadian 
Divisional manager of the Inter- 
national Harvester Co., was in the 
city for a day or two recently en 
route to Regina and Calgary 

Mr. L. G Hazlitt, local man- 
ager of the International Harvester 
Co., paid a visit to his old home 
at Grand Forks, X.D., a short 
time ago. 

Mr. W. B. Price, of Chicago, 
chief architect for the International 
Harvester Co., is in the city in con- 
nection with the erection of the 
company's new building. 

Mr. W. A. Dalmage. of Dal- 
mage & Stirling, of Souris, was in 
the city on business at the begin- 
ning of the month. 

Mr. J. F. Wideman, general 
manager of the Office Specialty 
Co., Toronto, gave us a call dur- 
ing a recent trip to various points 
in the West. He has great faith 
in the Canadian West and says 
that here a farmer can get larger 
and quicker returns for the amount 
of capital and labor invested than 
in any other country in the world. 
Tt is his opinion that Western 
farmers are not as economical as 
they ought and attributes this in 
large measure to the fact that they, 
knowing the rich nature of their 
soil, bank too much on the possi- 
bilities of bumper crops. It is also 
his opinion that farmers in this 
country do not pay enough atten- 
tion to the care of their tools and 

implements, in many instances 
leaving them exposed to the ele- 
ments from one year's end to the 
other, he believing this does them 
more damage than all the use 
they receive. 

The Ontario Wind Engine & 
Pump Co. report that there is an ., 
increased demand for the six, nine 
and twelve horse power Stickney 
gasoline engines. Each engine 
being self-contained on its own 
base appears to appeal with par- 
ticular force to the buying public. 
This in a large measure is un- 
doubtedly the cause of the increas- 
ed demand. 

During the past month we had 
the pleasure of a call from Mr. 
R. C. Henders, of Culross, Man., 
vice-president of the Manitoba 
Grain Growers' Association. Speak- 
ing of the prospect for the coming 
harvest Mr. Henders is convinced 
that this season should prove the 
record year in the history of the 
West. He is exceedingly opti- 
mistic regarding the future of the 
Growers' Association and consid- 
ers that it will be of great benefit 
to its members in many respects. 
Mr. Henders takes exception to 
our oft-stated views concerning the 
inability of the farmers to meet 
their indebtedness owing to their 
going into land speculation and 
considers that a good deal of the 
debt of the farmers is traceable to 
"the implement dealers, who, by 
their persuasive powers, coerce the 
farmers into buying machines and 
implements beyond their means 
and which many of them could well 
do without. 

Mr. A. L. Johnstone, Hamilton, 
Out., and Mr. W. L. Martin, Chi- 
cago, both of the experimental 
staff of the International Harvester 
Co., are in the West in connection 
with the various new lines placed 
on the market by the company this 

It is the intention of the Hart- 
Parr Company, of Charles City, 
la., to make extensive improve- 
ments in their present plant. The 
work will be commenced immedi- 
ately and will result in nearly doub- 
ling the present capacity of the 
plant. We are in receipt of the 
company's blue book and note with 
interest the number of good things 
contained therein. This concern 
manufacture stationary, traction 
and portable gasoline engines. The 
"get up" of the catalogue is a 
credit both to the company and 
their printers. J, & E. Brown, of 
Portage la Prairie. Man., are ex- 
clusive agents in Western Canada 
for this concern. 



April, 1905. 

We regret to note that the Tud- 
hope Carriage Co., of Orillia, Ont., 
recently had their warerooms des- 
troyed by fiie. They have our 

A new concern, to be known 
as the St. Lawrence Wagon Co.. 
has been incorporated at Montreal, 
with a capital of $75,00(1. 

McLaughlin & Whittick is the 
name of a new concern that has 
branched into the implement and 
hardware business at Plumas, 
Man. This firm purchased the 
business of Mr. A. S. Hare and 
also that of Mr. A. Shaw. They 
have our wishes for success. 

Mr. U. A. MacDonald, who for 
some time past has been ill at his 
home in Regina, was in the city 
on business a few- days ago. 

The International Harvester Co. 
report good spring trade. They 
say it has already greatly surpassed 
their expectati ons. 

Mr. W. 1). Dunlop, implement 
dealer of Ybrkton, Assa., was in 
town recently on business. 

We are pleased to note that Mr. 
R. H. Potter, assistant manager 
of the International Harvester Co. 
here, is able to be about again, 
after a severe attack of la grippe. 

A new implement concern has 
recently been incorporated here 
under the title of the Dow-Wadge 
Implement Co.. with a capital 
stock of $100,000. They will build 
Maple Leaf stackers and Hero 
fanning mills, as well as manu- 
facture several other lines of im- 

The Cooper Gasoline Engine 
Co. has secured the agency for the 
power driven hollow cement block 
machine that is being built by the 
Brandon Developing and Machin- 
ery Co., of P>randon. • This ma- 
chine should meet with ready sale 
in this country where building ma- 
terials are so high and where it is 
essential that houses and buildings 
be constructed so as to provide 
the greatest warmth at the least 
possible expense. 

The Brandon Windmill & Pump 
Co., of Brandon, recently forward- 
ed us a number of circulars con- 
cerning the various articles manu- 
factured by them. These include 
gasoline engines, windmills and 
pumps. This concern is making 
rapid strides along progressive 
lines. We understand that they 
pay particular attention to the pro- 
tection of the dealer, preferring to 
do their business through him 
than in any other way. We be- 

lieve they are liberal with custo- 
mers and that they have a fair 
share of Western trade. 

The large four storey and base 
ment building that the Internation- 
al Harvester Co. are erecting on 
the corner of Sutherland and Main 
Streets, just north of the Main 
St. viaduct, is proceeding rapidly 
towards completion, the builders 
being now at work on the second 
Moor. This structure is W> x 200 
and will give the company over 
00,000 sq. feet of floor space, cap- 
able of storing 150 cars of imple- 
ments and machinery. ' They will 
have excellent trackage and load- 
ing facilities. It is expected that 
they will move into their new of- 
fices and warerooms by the 1st oi 


We are well pleased with the 
appearance of a neat little book- 
let that has reached our desk, the 
property of the Oliver Mfg. Co., 
of Chicago, manufacturers of jacks 
and wrenches, principally jacks. 
This revised catalogue is a handy 
little work in its particular line. 
The first page contains an ex- 
ceedingly clever caricature. By 
dropping a card mentioning Can- 
adian Farm Implements, this com- 
pany will be pleased to mail one 
of these booklets to any of our 

Mr. J. T. Clegg, of Brandon, 
general agent of the Balfour Im- 
plement Co., has just returned 
from Southern California, where 
he spent the winter. Mr. Clegg 
will look after the interests of the 
Balfour Co. in that territory lying 
between Winnipeg and Moose 
Taw on the main lire of the C.P.R. 

Mr. 1 1. J. Kibble, formerly 
blockman for the International 
Harvester Co., at Chatham, Ont., 
: has been appointed to the travel- 
| ling staff of the Ontario Wind En- 
gine & Pump Co. He will, in all 
probability, make his headquarters 
at Regina. We extend a cordial 
welcome to Mr. Kibble and trust 
that he will meet with the success 
he expects in his new sphere of 

The company that has hitherto 
been known as the Challenge 
Wind Mill & Feed Mill Co., with 
headquarters at Uatavia, 111., will 
be known in the future as The 
Challenge Co. There has been no 
change in either the ownership or 
management of the concern. They 
recognized the fact that their name 
was rather lengthy and have decid- 
ed to adopt the briefer one. 

We are pleased to note that Mr. 
H. W. Hutchinson. President and 
Manager of the Fairchild Co., has 
returned from his six weeks' trip 
to the Pacific Coast in a very much 
improved condition of health. 

Mr. F. R Newman, manager of 
the Canadian Fairbanks Co., has 
just returned to the city after an 
absence of ten days, during which 
time he visited Vancouver in the 
interests of his concern. Mr. 
Newman reports business in a 
flourishing condition. 


II Highest Award 
§> ST. LOUIS 4? 






25,000 New Words and Phrases 

New Gazetteer of the World 
New Biographical Dictionary 

Edited bj- W. T. Harris, Ph.D., IX.D., 
United States Commissioner of Education. 

2380 Quarto Pages. 5000 Illustrations. 

Also Webster's Collegiate Dictionary 

1116 Tagcs. 1100 Illustrations. 

Regular Edition ; xl0x2*s inches. 3 bindings. 
De Luxe Edition S ',x8>jxl'i in. Printed from 
same plates, on bible ]»aper. 2 lieautiful bindings. 

FREE, " Dictionary Wrinkles." Illustrated pamphlets 


Publishers, Springfield, Mass. 

Mr. John Herron, manager of 
the Waterloo Manufacturing Co., 
lecently returned from a two weeks' 
trip between Winnipeg and Moose 
jaw, taking in the C.P.R. main line 
and South Western branches, as 
well as the Soo line. During his 
trip he visited many dealers and re- 
ports business and prospects as 
being very satisfactory. 

A. E. May, coal merchant, of 
Edmonton, was in the city on busi- 
ness recently. Mr. May ascribes 
the success of Edmonton in secur- 
ing the provisional capital as due 
in part to the superior location of 
the town and also to the exertions 
of Frank Oliver, M.P. Edmonton 
people feel assured that the legis- 
lative buildings will be erected 

We are pleased to call the atten- 
tion of our readers to the advertise- 
ment of McCulloch & Boswell that 
appears on another page of this 
issue. They are a well-known and 
reputable concern and we under- 
stand that they are quoting these 
launches to dealers at prices hither- 
to unheard of in this territory. We 
would advise dealers living adja- 
cent to water on which this class 
of craft could lie used to write this 
concern for catalogues, quotations. 

Paris Scotch Clipper 

Foot Lift 


Ganq, Sulky and Walking Plows 
Disc and Drag Harrows 

Straw Cutters, Grain Grinders 
Manure Spreaders, Wheel Barrows 
Studebaker Farm and Delivery Wagons 
Municipal and Contractors' Supplies 


Cor. Nena and Logan Sts WINNIPEG, MAN. 

April, 1905. 



The Adam Bros. Harness Co. 
has been granted a provincial 
charter. The business will be car- 
ried on under the management of 
Mr. W,m. Adams. 

Mr. I. A. MacDonald, formerly 
Implement dealer at Qu'Appelle, 
Assa., has removed to Ripton, 
Assa., where he will continue to 
pursue the elusive farmer in his 
endeavor to place his line of im- 
plements. We know of none that 
will be more missed from his for- 
mer home than our old friend 
]ohn A. 

It is the intention of the Massey- 
H arris Co. to add a four storey 
brick extension to their large plant 
at Toronto. This extension will 
cost in the neighborhood of $l'Jo.- 


A new concern, to be known as 
the Canadian Shovel & Tool Co., 
has been organized at Hamilton, 
( nit., with a capital of $2150,000. 
This company will erect a plant 
at a cost of $100,000 and will in- 
stall it with modern and up-to- 
date machinery for the manu- 
facture of shovels and tools of all 

The Eureka Planter, of Wind- 
sor, are having a new building 
erected at Woodstock, Ont. As 
soon as this is completed it is their 
intention to move their present 
plant from Windsor to Woodstock. 

The implement firm of Kohl- 
russ & Mang at Balgonie, Assa., 
has recently undergone a change 
of name. Mr. Kohlruss has re- 
tired, Mr. A. Hodel taking his 
place. The concern will now be 
known as Mang & Hodel. 

A new agricultural implement 
business has been started at Han- 
ley, Assa., by Mr. J. Rollefson. 
We wish him success in his new 

Mr. R. Lawson, who tor some 
time past has been an implement 
dealer at Killarney, Man., has sold 
his business to Messrs. Harris & 
Thompson. We extend to this 
firm our best wishes for prosperity. 

Mr. A. G. Smith has purchased 
the implement business of Mr. D. 
MacDonald at Yirden, Man. Ac- 
cept our wishes for success. Broth- 
er Smith. 

Robert Smith, of Brandon, tra- 
veller for the American- Abell Co., 
was in Winnipeg recently in con- 
nection with business for his com- 

Mr. J. M. Mawhinney, travelling 
salesman for the Sawyer- Massey 
Co. at Regina, has been severly ill 

from an attack of typhoid fever for 
some time past. 

P. M. Price of Moline, 111., sales 
manager for the Moline Plow Co. , 
has just returned to the south after 
a few days' visit to Winnipeg. Mr 
Price speaks of this city and the 
Canadian West in the highest terms. 

The Norris Impelment Co., have 
just issued a circular dealing with 
the Russell Elevating Grader and 
Ditcher, for which they are the 
sales agents in Western Canada. 
This machine is manufactured by 
the Posston Mfg. Co., Merriam 
Park, St. Paul, Minn. From the 
testimonials mentioned in this fold- 
er to hand it would seem that this 
machine has an enviable reputation 
on the other side of the line. Any 
of our readers will receive circulars 
and particulars by addressing the 
Norris Implement Co. Kindly 
mention Canadian Farm Imple- 

We are glad to note that Mr. 
C. F. Robinson, manager of the 
Massey-Harris Co. at Regina, is 
improving in health. A fortnight 
ago a blood vessel burst in his right 
lung which resulted in several hem- 
horrhages. Mr. Robinson is now 
able to sit up in bed but it will be 
some time before he will be able to 
attend to business. 

We regret to note that Mr. W. 
J. Hyde, implement dealer at Bal- 
gonie, Assa., was recently burned 
put by a destructive fire that 
visited that town. His entire loss 
amounts to almost $15,000 and his 
total insurance to about $4,000. 

Another manufacturing concern 
has been added to Winnipeg's 
already large and ever increasing 
list- This company will be known 
as the Taggart Bros. Iron Works. 
They have erected a plant on the 
corner of Selkirk and Charles Sts., 
u here they will build portable 
elevators, ornamental iron fences, 
crestings, etc. 

Mr. J. A. Morcombe and Mr. 
Jas. Ruston, hitherto individual 
dealers at Cypress River, Man., 
have decided to amalgamate. Their 
business will hereafter be known 
as Morecombe & Ruston. 

Mr. J. E. Briggs, of the Water- 
loo Thresher and Machine Co-, of 
Waterloo, Iowa, was in Winnipeg 
a short time ago, demonstrating 
to the City Works Department the 
special advantages of the new steel 
dump wagon manufactured by his 
Company. He also delivered an 
initial four ton, steel, self-dumping 
coal wagon to the Manitoba Cart- 
age and W arehousing Co. He ex- 
pects to be in Canadian territory 
until about the first of May. 

ifiiHB n 

KF^ iii ME — r:m m " " 1 — ^ fjr/jf 

Offices, Cockshutt Plow Co., Winnipeg. 

Mr. A. C. McRae, of this city 
has secured the agency for the sale 
of the sweep rakes and automatic 
stackers manufactured by the 
Waterloo Threshing Machine Co . 
of Waterloo. Ia. 

drier & Beere is the name of a 
new implement concern that has 
recentlv started business at Mac- 
leach Alta. They will handle the 
Cockshutt Co.'s line of goods, Mc- 
Cormick binders and Tudhope bug- 
gies. They arc taking over the 
business of the Baker and Skelding 

Twine Quotations. 

After a three months' withdrawal 
of binder twine quotations the In- 

I lernational Harvester Co. of Amer- 
! ica has again announced prices, as 
follows : Sisal and Standard, 500 
feet to the pound, 10 cents ; Stan- 
dard Manila, 550 feet to the pound, 
11 cents: Manila, 000 feet to the 
pound, 12 cents : Pure Manila, 650 
feet to the pound, V$ l / 2 cents. Ten 
thousand pound lots, one-eighth of 
a cent less. Car-lots, one-quarter 
; of a cent less. Usual terms of pay- 

The above quotations are F.O.B. 
Chicago. In order to arrive at 
Western Canadian figures 65 cents 
per 100 lbs. should be added F.O.B. 
Winnipeg. If. however, cars are to 
be broken at Winnipeg an addition- 
| al 10 cents per Hundred lbs. should 
be added for transfer charges. 

The 4 Maple Leaf Brands 

Best for the DKALER to buy to sell 


Best for the FARMER to buy to use 

Gilt Edge 650 ft. 

Gold Leaf 600 ft. 

Silver Leaf 550 ft. 

Maple Leaf 500 ft. 

IER b 

Trade Mark Registered 

We have Twine to sell. Quality the best. Prices' right. 
Enquiries receive prompt atteniton 





April, 1905. 

A Bright Future. 

We recently had the pleasure of 
a visit from Mr. G. H. V. Bulyea, 
Commissioner of Public Works for 
the North West Territories, when 
he was passing through our city 
on his way home from Ottawa, 
where he was in connection with 
Territorial autonomy. Mr. Bulyea 
believes that in dividing the Terri- 
tories into two provinces, with self 
government, that the Dominion 
Parliament has done something that 
v.... give impetus to the coloniza- 
tion and development of the West, 
causing it t ) advance at a rate 
hitherto unknown in the history of 
any part of the British Empire. 
His faith in the West is almost un- 
limited and in his opinion the new 
Province of Saskatchewan is des- 
tined to be the banner agricultural 
Province of the Dominion. 

Farmers the Victims. 

Another case of where the far- 
mers have to pay the shot reaches 
us from Wiarton, Ont. The cred- 
•' of the Wiarton Beet Sugar 
Co. have been suing for settlement 
of their claims, which total in the 
aggregate to almost $300,000. Ac- 
cording to the decision handed 

dow n by Chief Justice Meredith in 
connection with this case, all far- 
mers who took "growers' shares" 
in the company are liable for the 
amount unpaid thereon. There 
are 408 of these shareholders and 
the total amount of their liability 
is $9,(51)0, making an average of 
|23.75 each. This sum will only 
suffice to pay off the mortgage 
claim of $9,310 and will leave very 
little for the general creditors. 

This is another demonstration 
of what has already been said 
against farmers investing their 
money in joint stock companies 
and other affairs foreign to their 
own business, where they have not 
direct control of their investments. 
It is almost safe to say that the 
farmer who risks his money in a 
co-operative company makes a do- 
nation to that concern, not only 
of the amount he pays on the stock 
when he subscribes but of the full 
face value of the. amount for which 
he subscribes. It is not generally 
known that a company may issue 
stock at 25 cents, or anv otlur 
amount, on the dollar, fully paid- 
up and non-assessable, yet wh:ii 
the company becomes involved the 
stockholders are responsible to the 
creditors for the full face vain? of 
their holdings. This is what hap- 
pened in the Wiarton case and 
what has happened in many others 
of a similar nature. 

More Stackers. 

The Carberrv Stacker Co., of 
Carberry, Man., recently added 
additional space to their two-storey 
building, making it 40 x 70. This 
concern expect to double their out- 
put of the Jones Wind Stacker 
during the coming season, and. 
with this end in view, have install- 
ed considerable new machinery. 
They are also putting in up-to- 
date machinery for the purpose of 
(repairing threshing engines and 
separators, and are handling dif- 
ferent lines of threshing machines. 

in Western Canada. Mr J R. 
Xorris, who, for a number of years 
has been general agent of the 
Gaar Scott Co. at this point, will 
have general charge of the new 
business, so that dealers are assur- 
ed of courteous and fair treatment. 

Will Erect new Factory. 

The Norris Implement Co. have 
purchased a two-acre site on Win- 
nipeg Street, west of the General 
Hospital, where they will erect a 
modern factory. This location will 
give them ample yard room and 
excellent trackage facdities, both 
of which are essential to their ever- 
growing business. They will con- 
tinue to manufacture the Norris- 
Fosston Wind Stacker, Canadian 
Monarch Feeder, Closz Adjustable 
Sieves, oil pumps and engine and 
separator belt guides. This con- 
cern bids fair to be the largest 
manufacturing concern of the kind 

A Pump Catalogue. 

We have just received from the 
Ontario Wind Engine and Pump 
Co., one of their pump price lists 
for 1905. The company state that 
this cancels all lists previously is- 
sued. The little work contains a 
vast amount of valuable informa- 
tion and all dealers should have it 
on file with their other catalogues. 
By addressing a card to the com- 
pany's headquarters here and men- 
tioning Canadian Farm Imple- 
ments, one of these lists will be 
numediatelv sent vou. Get one. 

New Warehouse. 

That the implement business is 
on the boom in the neighborhood 
of Pierson, Man., is evidenced by 
the fact that a new and modern 
warehouse was recently erected by 
Mr. R. J. Tooke, a former resi- 
dent, but who has been farming 
about ten miles north of town for 
the .past five or six years. Mr. 
Tooke has secured the agency for 
the Balfour Implement Co.'s goods. 


Here are some lines you ought to handle 

Large Profits & Ready Sales 

are assured if you do so. 


from 3 to 25 h.p. 



Town, Village and Suburban Water Supply for 
Fire Protection and Domestic use. 


Ontario Wind Engine & Pump Co., Limited 




April, 1905. 



A Liberal Assortment. 

The paper-reading public of Can- 
ada have over eleven hundred 
journals from which to make a 
choice of their literature. There* 
are now, in this country, 115 daily 
newspapers, 829 weeklies. It:: 
monthlies and 37 semi-weeklies. In 
1004 there were 1,145 papers pub- 
lished, and only six more were 
added at the commencement of the 
present year. In Ontario there 
are more papers published than in 
all the rest of the provinces com- 
bined. The standing of the prov- 
inces is as follows: Ontario, 606; 
Quebec, 143; Manitoba, 105; Nova 
Scotia, 81; Northwest Territories, 
77; British Columbia, 53; and 
Prince Edward Island, 17. The 
fact that 90 per cent, of the new 
publications fail to make a profit 
for their original owners has be- 
come a recognized axiom in news- 
paperdom. Yet when a paper 
once crosses the pay line it is gen- 
erally found to be a safe invest- 

Beautifying the Road. 

During the coming season, over 
a million tulips will beautify the 
line of the C.P-R. between Halifax 

and Vancouver. Since its incep- 
tion seven years ago, the floral 
department, under the direction of 
Mr. N. Stewart Dunlop, tax and 
insurance commissioner for the 
company, has made rapid strides 
forward. The appropriation of last 
year has been doubled to meet the 
expenses of the present one. Pam- 
phlets are sent out giving inform- 
ation regarding the culture of the 
various bulbs and seeds distribut- 
ed. An effort is made to interest 
all agents and sectionmen in the 
beauty of their station environ- 
ments, with the result that seeds 
and bulbs are supplied gratis. The 
Company have just concluded the 
sending out of over 25,000 pack- 
ages of assorted seeds. 

One of the features of railways 
in England is the attractiveness of 
the grounds and stations along 
railway systems. Money is lav- 
ishly spent on every short mileage, 
so that the public will enjoy trav- 
elling. The C.P.R. is similarly 
disposed to make its system one 
of the most enjoyable for travel in 

An Unusual Sa:e. 

The Estevan flour mill has been 
paying one dollar a bushel for 
wheat. This is about the highest 
price in the West. 

An unusual sale occurred at 
Chatham Dock, London, Eng.. 
recently when thirty-one obsolete 
British war vessels were sold to 
the highest bidder for $090,000. 
or an average of $22,277 each The 
original cost of these vessels was 
$15,000,000, or an average of |4§6 
129 each. The lot included twelve 
cruisers, among them being the 
warships Warspite, Northampton, 
Galatea and Australia, two torpedo 
boats and the training ship Ex- 

The terms of sale provided that 
none of the vessels could be sold 
to a foreign power. All of them 
must be broken up within twelve 

New Mode of Propulsion 

With the safe arrival of the Allan 
liner, Victorian, at Halifax on the 
1st of April, there was ushered in 
a new era of ocean navigation by 
steam. This vessel is the pioneer 
of trans-Atlantic turbine steamers 
and on her maiden trip created a 
strong presumption in her favor 
as a speedy, commodious and sea- 
worthy ship. Both passengers and 
crew speak well of her initial per- 
formance. All noticed her steadi- 

ness and the absence of vibration, 
which has hitherto played a prom- 
inent part in an ocean voyage. The 
owners of the Victorian, convinced 
of the merits of the turbine system 
of propulsion, have built another 
vessel, the Virginian, so that these 
sister steamers may be regarded as 
the pioneers of a great array of 
steamships navigating all waters 
with steam turbines substituted for 
the ordinary steam engines. 

A Huge Debt. 

The Cnited States census of 1904 
shows that there were considerably 
over a million Canadian-born citi- 
zens resident there. Erom 1850 to 
1900 immigration from Canada to 
the States increased steadily. In 
1850 there were 147,000 Canadians 
resident across the line; 250,000 in 
1800; 493,000 in 1870; 717,000 in 
1880; 980,000 in 1900, and nearly 
1,180,000 in L900. Canadians of 
British extraction in the Cnited 
Ftates numbered 678,442 in 1880; 
784,741 in 1890 and 895.066 in 
1900. According to these figures, 
the States will be many years mak- 
ing up to Canada the debt she owes 
by extraction. At the present rate 
of 50,000 per year it will take half 
a generation. 

MunicipakContractofs Supplies 

Elevating Graders Wheel Scrapers 
Rpiri Machines Drag Scrapers 
Grading Plows Barrows, Wagons, etc. 

Ever since the first mile of railway was built in the North-West, we have supplied most of the 
contractors with their outfits, as well as annually supplying the different municipalities throughout the 
country with Road Machines, Plows and Scrapers. Our knowledge of the requirements, and having a line 
of goods unequalled by any in the trade, enables us to control the product of some of the very best 
manufacturers, and also obtain the lion's share of the trade. Prices and terms made known on application. 

The Fairchild Co., 






April, 1905. 

Pig Iron Production. 

The statistics regarding the pro- 
duction of pig iron in Canada 
during 1904 shows an increase of 
5,524 gross tons, a little over two 
per cent, as compared with 1903, 
but a decrease of 48,615 tons as 
compared with 1902. 

The total production in 1904 
amounted to 270,942 gross tons, 
against 265,418 tons in 1903, 319,- 
557 tons in 1902, 244,976 tons in 
1901, and 86,090 tons in 1900. In 
the first half of 1904 the produc- 
tion was 120,643 tons, and in the 
second half it was 150,299 tons, 
an increase of 29,656 tons. Of the 
total production in 1904, 251,671 
tons were made with coke, and 19,- 
27 [ tons with charcoal. About 
one-fourth of the total production 
was basic pig iron, namely, 70,133 
tons. The production of Bessemer 
pig iron, all made in the last half 
of the year was 26,016 tons. 
Spiegeleisen and ferromanganese 
have not been made since 1899. 

The following table gives the 
total production of all kinds of pig 
iron (including spiegeleisen and 
ferromanganese) in Canada from 
1894 to 1904. Prior to 1894 the 
statistics of pig iron production in 
Canada were not collected by this 





























The unsold stocks of pig iron in 
Canada on December 31, [904, 
amounted to 35,119 tons. 

On December 31, 1904, Canada 
had 15 completed blast furnaces, 
of which 8 were in blast and 7 were 
idle. Of this total 10 were equip- 
ped to use coke for fuel and 5 to 
use charcoal. In addition, 3 coke 
furnaces were partly erecced on 
December 31, but work on the fur- 
naces had been suspended some 
time ago. — The Bulletin. 

A New Industry, 

It is astonishing to think that 
at this late date the people of the 
West have not become thoroughly 
alive to the great advantages and 
benefits to be derived fjom the use 
of cement as a building material- 
This is all the more astonishing 
when it is taken into consideration 
that the use of cement has been 
known and appreciated in the older 
countries of the world for many 
generations. To-day people are 
living in what may be justly termed 
"the cement age." Opinion in this 
respect is based on the fact that a 
large number of buildings going up 
are built with walls entirely com- 
posed of cement. It is scarcely 
necessary, in this article, to go into 
elaborate details regarding the dur- 
ability of properly constructed ce- 
ment work. Suffice it to say that 
when the work is done in a proper 
manner it is capable of resisting all 
climatic conditions for a long per- 
iod of years, and it is said by man) . 
to be more lasting than either brick 
or stone. 

Another strong argument in 
favor of the use of cement as a 
building material lies in the fact 
that buildings of such material are 
exceedingly warm. 

It is an admitted fact among 
builders that a hollow wall pro- 
vides for the warmest interior in 
a building. This should be of 
much importance in a country 
where the thermometer drops away 
below the freezing point as it does 
in Canada. With this end in view, 
manufacturers are constructing 
their cement block machinery on 
this basis. To-day machines are 
placed on the market for the pur- 
pose of making hollow cement 
blocks. These can be operated by 
any practical man. W hen we take 
into consideration the distance we 
are from points where suitable stone 


Excelsior Adjustable 
Separator Belt Guide 

This guide was first put out in 1903. It has 
given unbounded satisfaction, being a model 
guide which has excited the greatest enthusiasm 
among all who have examined its principles of 
construction. This guide deserves your careful 
consideration in making your purchase of a belt guide. It is a marvel of simplicity and 
durability. No energetic thresherman can afford to be without this guide as it demonstrates 
its merits to him in very many ways every day it is used. The engine can sit anywhere 
uo to 13 feet out of line. us have your orders early— Special Prices for May delivery 



and lumber is produced for build- 
ing purposes, and that in only a few 
places we are able to find suitable 
brick clay, we wonder that the 
cement block machine has not re- 
ceived more attention from build- 
ers, contractors and architects. 

In the public press we are often 
confronted* with items regarding 
tests of cement. We have never, to 
our knowledge, read a report where 
this material failed to perform the 
work required of it- Experts all 
admit that it is the most fire-proof 
material offered for sale on the 
market, that is within the reach of 
the average builder. This fact is 
receiving much attention from in* 
surance companies. The fact that 
it is such an excellent fire-proof 
building material has caused them 
to consider the advisability of grant- 
ing reduced insurance rates on 
buildings of its construction. We 
are convinced that the time is not 
long distant when such a state of 
affairs will exist. 

This industry is receiving a great 
deal of attention among progres- 
sive builders and it is merely a ques- 
tion of time before every munici- 
pality in this W T estern country will 

have its cement manufacturer. In 
addition to giving a building that 
is satisfactory in every respect, 
cement gives a building that has 
the appearance of stone. The 
huilder who erects such has not 
only done a good thing for himself, 
but he has done a good stroke of 
business for the town, for, should 
others follow his example, the town 
will soon put on a greatly enhanced 
appearance that will result in in- 
creased real estate values and re- 
duced insurance rates. 

The fact that we are now living 
in "the cement age" is very forcibly 
impressed upon us by a visit to the 
works of The Canadian Petrified 
Mrick & Stone Company, who are, 
without doubt, the largest workers 
in cement products in Western 
Canada. Everything in the line of 
building material is manufactured 
at these works, from the coarse 
cement basement blocks to the finest 
of moulded courses and coppings. 
In order to produce the above 
effects they employ all classes of 
workmen from the unskilled to the 
most perfect of pattern makers 
having their works so equipped that 
an architect may simply turn over 


We have a 
few words 
to say to 
you and 


going any 
further we 
desire to call 
to youi notice 
The JSmdley 

No. 10 
Double Disk 
Gang Plow 
with its many 

over others of 
its class 

Will turn in 
its own length, 
will plow 
where a 
plow will not. 

Get our 
Circular and 
learn more 
about it. 

We make i, 2, 3 and 4 Disk Gang Plows — the latter are Great 
for Engine Plowing. One David Bradley Disk Plow in a 

community sells others — Satisfactory work at a satisfactory 
prices pleases the Farmer and a nice profit pleases the Dealer. 
In the Bradle} 7 Implement you will find all frhese Good Qualities. 
Call at our new Branch House in Winnipeg. If }-our dealer 
will not furnish our goods, write to our Representative. 


David Bradley Mfg. Co. JSSl 


M. J. MILLER, Canadian Representative 

Home Office and Factory, BRADLEY, ILL., U.S.A. 

April, 1905. 



to them detail drawings of his plans 
and receive in return manufactured 
stone equal in appearance to the 
natural article and moulded in such 
a manner as to fit the finest arches, 
or other style of decorative work 
that his plans may require. 

It gives us great pleasure to be 
able to state that wc find Mr. W. 
J. Cummings, who for many years 
was connected with the implement 
business in the Northwest, being 
General Agent for the McCormick 
Harvesting Machine Company and 
later with the International Har- 
vester Company, deeply interested 
in The Canadian Petrified Brick & 
Stone Company, and at the present 
time devoting his energies to the 
advancement of the industry- 

Those who are acquainted with 
him will realize from his past busi- 
ness career what this will mean to 
the development of the firm with 
whom he is now operating. ~S\v. 
Cummings is also taking an active 
part in the management of the 
Builders' Equipment Company, that 

Do Vou Build ? 

Waterloo Automatic Cement Block Machine 
Best Grade PORTLAND CEMENT Always on Hand. 

Builders' Equipment Co. 

917-919 Union Bank Building 

has recently been organized in this 
city and who are acting as Western 
agents for a number of cement 
block machines, the Mcintosh 
Pressed Brick Machine as well as 
being sole agents for several of the 
best brands of Portland cement. 

A New Departure. 

Following the resignation of Mr. 
F. W. Heubach, manager of the 
Winnipeg Industrial Exhibition, 
the Board of Management have de- 
cided not to appoint a regular 
manager to that position. It is 
their intention to divide the work 
lip among several departments, 
with a general secretary to look- 
after the whole. Mr. R. J. 
Hughes, who has been closely 
connected with the work for some 
years as Mr. Heubach's assistant, 
will be retained for this position. 
As is now the practice, the different 
departments are under the control 
of chairmen of committees, and 
these chairmen will be authorized 
to employ a superintendent during 
the fair season to attend to each 
particular department. As is well 
known, there was always great de- 
lay and dissatisfaction in the past, 
as every point that arose had to 
be referred to the general manager, 
and as it was not possible for him 
to be in more than one place at 
once, great delays and dissatisfac- 
tion occurred. Members of the 
board are confident that the new 
arrangement will work well. 

Ugly and Frugal, 

Some anecdotes of the King of 
Italy are told in an article on royal 
homes of sport in the February 
Madminton. Once in the valley of 
Cogue a peasant woman, taking the 
King for one of his own servants, 
offered to sell him some eggs. The 
King took the eggs and gave her 


Manufacturers of the Celebrated Improved Jjnes' Wind Stacker , 
which is acknowledged to be the leading wind stacker used in 
Western Canada. Write for Catalogue. Testimonials and contract. 
We also operate an up-to-date Machine Shop for the repair 1 it 
Engines and Separators. 


t CARBERRY, - Box 145 - MANITOBA t 

+ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ mtlHHHHHHHfHIHHnt 

a franc in payment. The woman 
held up the coin and said: "I will 
return it to you if you will show me 
the King." "I am the King," said 
Victor Emmanuel. The woman 
stared at him dubiously, and shook 
her head. "You can't be the 
King," she said, "you are far too 
ugly ; I have seen the Queen ; she 
is pretty, she would never have 
married a man like you !" His 
Majesty considered the point grav- 
ely ; then he answered: "I can't 
help that," and taking a gold piece 
from his pocket, he gave it to her. 
"Look at the portrait there," he 
said ; "you will see that I am indeed 
the King." 

The other story is charasteristic 
of the King's frugality. He had 
shot a chamois while hunting alone 
in the mountains, and a peasant lad 
who had seen the animal roll over 
and fall down into some chasm, 
offered to go and bring it. "Very 
well," said the King, "I will wait 
here." "But what will you give 
me?" "What do you ask?" "A 
franc and half your luncheon." 
"Very good; you shall have it." 
The lad went off down the moun- 
tain side and soon came back with 
the chamois over his shoulder, and 
the King handed him a franc and 
proceeded to divide his lunch into 
two equal portions. But the peas- 
ant turned away in contempt, for 
the luncheon consisted of a small 
loaf of black bread and a large raw 
onion. "I thought you were a 
gentleman (tin signore)," said the 
boy, "but I see you are only a poor 
devil like myself !" 

The Internationa] Harvester Co. 
are preparing to erect a $50,000 
warehouse at Marian, Ind. This 
structure will be of brick, hard 
wood interior and three stories high 
with 14,000 feet of floor space. 

Science for the Young. 

Thoughtful little Willie Frazer 
Carved his name with father's razor; 
Father, unaware of trouble, 
Used the blade to shave his stubble. 
Father cut himself severely, 
Which pleased little Willie dearly— 
"I have fixed my father's razor 
So It cuts!" said Willie Frazer. 

Mamie often wondered why 
Acids trouble alkali- 
Mamie, in a manner placid. 
Fed the cat boracic acid. 
Whereupon the cat grew frantic, 
Executing many an antic; 
"Ah!" cried Mamie, overjoyed, 
"Pussy is an alkaloid!" 

Arthur with a lighted taper 
Touched the fire to grandpa's paper, 
Grandpa leaped a foot or higher, 
Dropped the sheet, and shouted "Fire!' 
Arthur, wrapped in contemplation, 
Viewed the scene of conflagration. 
"This," he said, "confirms my notion- 
Heat creates both light and motion." 

Wee, experimental ^'ina 
Dropped her mother's Dresden china 
From a seventh story casement, 
Smashing, crashing to the basement. 
Nina, somewhat apprehensive, 
Said: "This china is expensive. 
Yet it proves by demonstration 
Newton's law of gravitation." 
—Wallace Irwin, in Philadelphia Post. 

Year's Losses on Canadian 

The annual report of the mar- 
ine department recently issued, 
shows that the total number 
of casualties to British and 
Canadian sea-going vessels, report- 
ed to the department as having 
occurred in Canadian waters, and 
to Canadian sea-going vessels in 
waters other than those of Canada, 
during twelve months ended June 
30, 1904, were 192, representing a 
tonnage of 81,143 tons register, 
and a loss, both partial and total, 
to vessels and cargoes, of $489,699. 
The number of casualties to inland 
vessels was slight and unimpor- 

Beatty Bros. 

Including the well-known Provan Line 
of Hay Tools. Do not be mislead. 

We alone can furnish the original Provan 
goods, as we purchased both the patent 
rights and the original patterns. 

Beware of handling imitations, as we 
will protect our patents. Mr. J. W. Provan 
has assigned to us the sole right to use 
his name in connection with Hay Carriers 
and Litter Carriers. 

We build a complete line of 


Our outfits have features of unusual 
merit us tell you about them. 

Beatty Bros. 






April, 1905. 

Not He. 

A shipbuilder tells of an Irish- 
man who sought employment as a 
diver in the service of one of the 
shipbuilding companies. 

The first job to which the Irish- 
man was assigned was to be per- 
formed in comparatively shallow 
water. He was provided with a 
pick and told to use it on a ledge 

Mike was put into a diver's suit, 
and, with his pick, was sent down 
to tackle the ledge. For about fif- 
teen minutes nothing was heard 
from him. Then came a strong, 
determined, deliberate pull on the 
signal rope, indicating that Mike 
had a very decided wish to come 
to the top. The assistants hastily 
pulled him to the raft and removed 
his helmet. 

"Take off the rist of it," said 

"Why, what's the matter?" ask- 
ed they. 

"Take off the rist of it," dog- 
gedly reiterated Mike; "I'll wur- 
ruk no longer on a job where I 
can't spit on me hands." 

In Canada the number of cigar- 
ettes manufactured and sold in- 
creased from thirty-four millions 
in 1890 to eighty-three millions in 
1895. One hundred and twenty- 
three millions were manufactured 
in 1900, while in 1904 the output 
was two hundred and sixteen mil- 




W. J. ARNOTT, Sole Dealer 
Western Canada 

Note. - We have a large stock of Second 
Hand Machines for Sale or Kent. Rem- 
ingtons. Smith Premiers. Cnder- 
woou's, Oliver s and Empires. These 
machines are all in good order, some as 
good as new. 

W. J. ARNOTT, 404 Mc'ntyre Block 


Annual Report of the Canadian 
Electric Railways. 

The miles of complete electric 
railways in Canada in 1904 were 
767, as compared with 759 in 1903. 
The capital paid, which includes 
Dominion, provincial and munici- 
pal bonus, was $50,399,188, as 
against $47,274,853 for last year 
and there were gross earnings of 
$8,453,609 compared with $7,233,- 
677. The working expenses were 
$4,472,858, leaving net earnings of 

There were 181,689,998 passen- 
gers carried, compared with 155,- 
662,812 in 1903, an increase of 
26,027,186. The freight carried 
was 400,161 tons, an increase of 
28,855 tons - Nine passengers were 
killed in 1904, as against 10 in 
1903. The passenger motor cars 
were 2,137, compared with 2,027 in 
1903, and the passenger trailers 
223, as against 290 in 1903. 

What R. S. V. P. Means. 

Dr. Madison C. Peters, in one 
of his brilliant and humorous lec- 
tures, adverted to the manners and 
customs of that wealthy and proud 
section of the community that is 
grouped under the generic name 
of "society." 

"I have no fault to find with 
society," Dr. Peters said. "Too 
often, though, being human, it has 
defects, and one of its defects to- 
day, is. I think, a lack of fine 
manner, of intellectual elevation. 

"Too often society is struck a 
telling blow by such an answer as 
an elderly country squire once 
made to an inquisitive young man." 

Here Dr. Peters turned to the 
blackboard behind him, and 
scrawled upon it four immense 
letters— R. S. V. P. 

"A young man," he resumed, 
"asked the country squire what, 
those letters meant at the foot of 
an invitation. The squire, with a 
little chuckle, answered: 

" 'They mean Rush in, Shake 
hands, Victual up, and Put.' " — 

More Space Needed. 

It has been found necessary by 
the Executive Board of the Lewis 
and Clark Centennial Exposition, 
which will be held this year at 
Portland, Ore., to make a- re-ad- 
justment of the exhibit buildings, 
owing to the great demand being 
made for space; and it has been 
decided to add 30,000 square feet 
of additional space to the new ex- 
hibit palace, making a total of 
90,000 square feet of floor space, 
and equal in size to the great Agri- 
cultural Palace at the St. Louis 
Exposition. The new structure 
will be known as the Palace of 
Manufactures, Liberal Arts and 
Varied Industries, and the cost will 
be in the neighbourhood of 

We are not altogether strangers 
lo large words of the jaw breaking 
variety, but we certainly have to sit 
up and ask for an introduction to 
one that appears in the following 
item : — 

"Important agricultural under- 
takings are to be carried out in Java 
by a company which has just been 
formed at Amsterdam under the 
title of the 'Cultuurmaatschappij 
Willis. 3 " 

We are not from Missouri, but in 
this case "we have to be shown." 

Making Improvements. 

The Lake of the Woods Milling 
Co. intend making extensive im- 
provements on their plant at Kee- 
watin," Ont., during the coming 
summer. A new power house of 
concrete and iron, 50 x 48 feet, 
will be built, in which four new 
water wheels will be placed. These 
will drive dynamos with a capa- 
city of 500 h.p. The power will 
be used to run the machinery in 
the elevator and the barrel and 
stave factories. Four electric mo- 
tors will operate the elevator and 
one will be placed in the stave fac- 

A Mile Long. 

One of the best advertisements 
that we have heard of in connection 
with a local implement business, 
was that indulged in by Mr. John 
Atkinson, implement dealer at Cas- 
sopolis, Mich., recently This en- 
terprising gentleman arranged with 
most of his customers who pur- 
chased goods for spring delivery to 
call for them the 1st April. As 
each wagon was loaded, each pur- 
chaser was present with a dinner 
ticket, entitling himself and his 
family to a free dinner at one of 
the leading hotels, after which a 
procession was formed headed by a 
brass band and the main thorough- 
fares of the city paraded. This pro- 
cession was over a mile in length. 
Many manufacturers whose goods 
were in the delivery, sent special 


By au- implement manufacturing concern an 
A.l. traveller. Must have had experience in the 
implement trade. Apply, Manufacturer. Can- 
adian Farm Implements, 901 Union Bank 
Building, Winnipeg. 


have been on the market and have proven successful for many years. Our line includes 

Brush Breakers, Prairie Breakers, Combination Plows, Gang and Sulky Plows 




the construction of '. the Combination Plow 
and will withstand all the hard knocks to 

See how'well and ngidly^it is braced. All our Plow 
o which the}- are subjected. Your line is "not complete/ 

s are strongly built 
without" them . *m 

Head Otfice and Works 




Distributing Agencies 


April, 1905. 



Why Business Men Fail. 

In its very thorough and search- 
ing inquiry into the numbers and 
causes of failures in the United 
States during the year 1904, Brad- 
street's develops clearly the fact 
that while ultimate responsibility 
for business success or failure is 
traceable to the individual himself, 
nevertheless the play of circum- 
stances, environment and excep- 
tional conditions makes it unjust 
to assign full responsibility for 
business success or failure to causes 
inherent in the business man him- 
self. Following the investigation 
into causes of failure, the author- 
ity cited classifies these causes un- 
der two general heads — namely, 
causes due to faults of those failing. 
Under the first head the following 
reasons are given : 1, Incompe- 
tence, irrespective of other causes; 

2, inexperience, without other in- 
competence; 3, lack of capital; 4, 
unwise granting of credits; 5, 
speculation outside of regular busi- 
ness; G, neglect of business, due 
to doubtful habits; 7, personal ex- 
travagance; 8, fraudulent disposi- 
tion of property. Under the head 
of causes not due to faults of those 
failing are: 1, specific conditions, 
disaster, etc.; 2, failure of others; 

3, special or undue competition. 
In the first eight reasons the caus- 
es of failure proceed from or de- 
pend upon the individual himself, 
while the three reasons placed in 
the latter category are causes 
largely beyond his control. 

In its investigation along this 
line of inquiry Bradstreet's finds 
that three out of the eleven reasons 
above given were assignable to a 
large majority of the financial cas- 
ualties of last year. Two of these 
were traceable to the individual 
himself, while one was more or 
less beyond his control. Lack of 
capital, or, what is equivalent, the 
attempt to do too much business 
on insufficient financial basis; was 
by far the most fatal single cause, 
accounting for about one-third of 
all casualties. Next to that is in- 
competence, due to poor selection 
of vocation, poor judgment or 
management or actual unfitness 
for the business entered upon. 
To this cause is attributed one- 
fourth to one-fifth of all the fail- 
ures. The third cause, specific 
conditions outside of the trader's 
control, including unfavorable gen- 
eral or special occurrences, such 

as a financial panic, depression, 
fires, floods, crop failures, etc., fur- 
nishes one-fifth to one-sixth of all 
the failures. Fraud accounts for 
8.6 per cent, of all failures, while 
extravagance, failures of others, 
and outside speculation were as- 
signable for between 2 and 3 per 
cent. each. Undue competition 
accounted for only 1.3 per cent, of 
all failures. To the eight causes 
accorded to the individual himself 
77.1 per cent, of the failures are 
attributed, while the three causes 
classed as beyond the control of 
those failing embrace only 22.9 per 
cent, of the failures. — Exchange. 

A Laudable Undertaking. 

Among the estimates brought 
down in the Ontario Legislature 
at Toronto recently was one item 
of $25,000 to be devoted to the 
erection of a farm implement de- 
monstration building in connection 
with the Ontario Agricultural Col- 
lege at Guelph. In our opinion, 
this is a most laudable undertaking 
and one that should prove of much 
benefit to students. We know of 
a number of United States colleges 
where a great deal of attention is 
given to demonstrating the use 
and working of the latest improved 
farm machinery. The value of 
such a course cannot be calculated. 
It is a well known fact that many 
machines and implements arc 
ruined by the use and handling 
they receive. In many instances, 
probably not to such an extent in 
this Western country, there are 
many tillers of the soil using tools 
that were practically declared ob- 

solete ten years ago. It is well 
known among implement dealers 
that many farmers know very little 
regarding the repair of a trivial 
break or how to repair some simple 
matter of adjustment. In such 
cases the dealer is called in and in 
a few moments sets matters right. 
While we are firmly convinced that 
Western Canada is unquestionably 
more progressive along the line of 
up-to-date agricultural machinery 
and implements than are the older 
settled portiotis of the Dominion, 
still we have to admit that there 
is yet room for improvement. We 
would suggest that the Provincial 
government give this matter earn- 
est consideration when erecting the 
new agricultural college here dur- 
ing the coming year. 

The Pass Proposition. 

On a certain railroad in Georgia 
the officials have been very much 
bothered with requests for passes. 
The practice of issuing free trans- 
portation has been cut off, and in 
the passenger cars and stations the 
following notices have been post- 

"This means you!" 

"Thou shalt not pass. — Num- 
bers xx, 18."" 

"None shall ever pass. — Isaiah 
-xxxiv, 10." 

"Suffer not a man to pass. — 
judges iv, 29." 

"The wicked shall no more pass. 
— Nahum i, 15." 

"This generation shall not pass. 
---Mark xii, 15." 

"Though they roar, they cannot 
pass. — Jeremiah v, 22." 

"So he paid his fare and went. 
—Jonah i, 13." 

Chinese Harvesters. 

A great land magnate of south- 
ern China owns and farms four 
acres. His envious neighbors hold 
competences of one acre or bare 
pittances of an eighth of an acre; 
but Wong Poy is lucky- lie has 
even been able to afford a wife. 
Two "hands" work .for him in 
those harvest days, aj: the panic 
wages of 20 cents a day. The 
men squat, Oriental fashion, at 
their work, chopping down the 
stalks with swift stabs of their little 
sickles. Mrs. Wong Poy and her 
eldest daughter follow behind and 
tie up the sheaves with wisps of 
straw. The two cherished men- 
children, sole hope of heaven for 
Wong Poy, play through the stub- 
ble and steal grains of wheat to 
chew. It is a matter for corporal 
punishement if they are caught in 
this, for in China every grain is 
numbered. When the wheat is all 
in and has been beaten out on the 
'.hreshing floors and stored in the 
well guarded granary under Wong 
Poy's house, the family makes re- 
joicing. There is a little mess of 
fish for the pot. A punk stick and 
a cup of rice brandy are offered 
up to the gods of grain, and be- 
fore them Wong Poy, his hands 
tucked in his sleeves, bows to the 
ground while he recites prayers. 
Mrs. Wong steals away from her 
husband to meet with the other 
village women/ and hold strange 
rites — wild, contortionatc trances, 
with visions of the upper and 
nether worlds. So have their 
mothers done, time out of mind. — 
Everybody's Magazine. 



Lowest price to the 
consumer and greatest 
profit to the dealer. 
Every engine guaran- 
teed to be tested to 

3 2-10 h.p. before be- 
ing crated. 

One farmer says his 
" Weber Jr." doe s 
more work than some 

4 h.p. ones in his dis- 
trict. As a residt of 
that engine's perform- 
ance we have sold two 
more there. Isn't that 
the kind of engine you 
should sell. We want 

Gasoline Engine Co. 

313 Donald St., W'p'g 



April. 1905. 

Shipper Wins Damages. 

The following item from Farm 
Implement News, concerning a 
decision recently handed down by 
a Minnesota court, should prove 
of interest to all implement dealers: 

"The question whether a com- 
mon carrier is liable to the owner 
of goods delivered to it for trans- 
portation, which arc damaged or 
destroyed by an act of God while 
in its possession, in consequence 
of a negligent delay in forwarding 
them, whether the act of God 
could reasonably have been antici- 
pated or not, the supreme court 
of Minnesota says, is an import- 
ant one, and the authorities are 
not in harmony. This court has 
considered the question with care 
in all its bearings, and reaches the 
conclusion, in a case growing out 
of the loss of property in the Kan- 
sas City flood (Bibb, etc., Co. vs. 
A. T. & S. F. Ry. Co., 102 North- 
western Reporter, 709), that the 
carrier is liable. 

"As a general rule, applicable in 
all eases of negligence, the court 
savs, if damage is caused by the 
concurrent force of the defendant's 
neglect and -some other cause for 
which he is not responsible, in- 
cluding an act of God, -he is never- 
theless liable if his negligence is 
one of the proximate causes of 
the injury complained of, even 
though, under the particular cir- 
cumstances, he was not bound to 
anticipate the interference of the 
intervening force which occurred 
with his own. In the application 
of this rule, however, the authori- 
ties are not agreed. It is held in 

some states, as applied to common 
carriers, that a negligent delay in 
forwarding property delivered to 
them for transportation, which is 
injured by an act of God, or other 
cause for which they are not re- 
sponsible, and could not reasonably 
have been anticipated, does not 
render the carrier liable, although 
the property would not have been 
damaged had there been no delay. 
The courts holding to this rule 
place their decisions on the ground 
that the act of God in such cases 
is proximate cause of the injury, 
and not the delay in transportation. 
In other states the opposite doc- 
trine is settled and adhered to. 

"The authorities are at variance, 
in so far as negligent delay is con- 
cerned, only in cases involving 
property not perishable. This court 
holds that it is. the duty of a com- 
mon carrier to whom goods are 
delivered for transportation, to for- 
ward them promptly, and without 
unreasonable delay, to their desti- 
nation. If it fails to do so, and 
negligently and carelessly delays 
the shipment, and the goods are 
overtaken in transit and damaged 
by an act of God, which would not 
have caused the damage had there 
been no delay, it is liable, even 
though the act of God could not 
reasonably have been anticipated. 
The negligent or unreasonable de- 
lay is' such a proximate or concur- 
ring cause as renders a carrier 
liable. This rule applies whether 
the goods in their nature are per- 
ishable or imperishable. 

"The rule that permits a carrier 
to excuse its negligence by an act 

of Got) overtaking it while thus in 
fault, the court says seems to it 
unsound. It is based on too strict 
an application of the rule of proxi- 
mate cause. It is the duty of a 
common carrier to which goods 
are delivered for transportation 
promptly and without unreason- 
able delay to forward them to their 
destination. Every reason in 
equity and justice relieves a carrier 
from performance of its contract 
and from liability for injuries to 
property in its custody for trans- 
portation, resulting exclusively 
from an act of God, or other in- 
evitable accident or cause over 
which it has no control, and could 
not reasonably anticipate or guard 
against. But reasons of that na- 
ture lose their force and persuas- 
ive powers when applied to a car- 
rier which violates its contract, and 
by its unreasonable delay and pro- 
crastination is overtaken by an 
overpowering cause, even though 
of a nature not reasonably to be 
anticipated or foreseen. If, but 
for its negligence, the loss would 
not have occurred, no sound reason 
will excuse it, and it should not 
be relieved by an application of 
the abstract principle of the law of 
proximate cause. No wrongdoer 
should be allowed to apportion or 
qualify his own wrong; and, if a 
loss occurs while his wrongful act 
is in operation and force, and which 
is attributable thereto, he should 
be held liable." 

At a political meeting an ex- 
cited Irishman had risen to yell 
his satisfaction. "Sit down," call- 
ed the man behind him, twitching 
his coat-tails. "Don't you know 
you're opaque?" 

"And that I'm not!" cried the 
other. "I'm O'Brien!" 

" Don't Knock." 

"If you can't boost, don't 
knock." Such is a popular every- 
day expression that contains a 
good deal of sound judgment and 
that brand of sense known as 
"horse." It is most applicable to 
the dealer who makes a practice 
of selling his own goods by run- 
ning down the line his competitor 
is handling. All machines and im- 
plements offered for sale on the 
market at the present time have 
their good points. Few there are 
that are perfect in every detail. 
The dealer who gets his goo*U in 
the hands of his customers without 
going into the defects of those sold 
by his brother dealer, is the man 
who has the respect of the com- 
munity. He finds that sales come 
easier by following such policy, 
consequently profits are larger. 
The man who has a control of 
his tongue has a valuable asset, 
which the glib- mouthed man has 
not. It may be hard to learn to 
say the right thing at the right 
time, but it is equally difficult to 
know when it is just the right time 
to say it. 

No matter how much truth there 
may be in what is said of a rival, 
still the public are always willing 
to take your criticism with a grain 
of salt. The man who booms his 
business by "knocking" his fellow- 
tradesman is undermining his own 
foundation, and ere he is aware tin- 
structure will come crumbling 
down on him and he will see his 
competitor, who would not stoop to 
such methods in order to get busi- 
ness, continue to build up his 
trade, putting it on a more solid 
and substantial basis year by year. 
Therefore, if you can't boost, don't 




Haggage bonded through to Canadian points, no customs inspection. 

Thoroughly Modern Equipment. 

Train leaves C.P.Ry. Depot 2.25 p.m. dally. 
Train leaves C.N Ry. Depot 5.20 p.m. daily. 
R. J. SMITH. D. F. & P. A. D. T. CUMMINGS, Ticket Agent. 

F. I. WHITNEY, G. P. & T. A.. St. Paul. Minn. 

'Made in Canada." 

Tray Outfits 

Designed to keep letters and papers, 
usually scattered through or upon a 
desk, in classified shape where they 
can be quickly referred to. Dimen- 
sions of Tray with cover: 13 in. wide, 
n' 4 in. high, 20 in. deep outside, 
fitted with our regular Vertical 
Compressor to keep papers upright. 
Finished in dull golden oak. 


Arranged particularly for use by Office Managers. Department Heads, Mer- 
chants, Brokers, Dealers and professional men of ever}' class. Tray \\ ith 
cover complete and 250 manilla folders for papers 8i x 11 and one set 2?> 
alphabetical guides. Write us for full particulars and prices. 

The Office Specialty Manufacturing Co., Ltd. 

126 Princess Street, Winnipeg 

April. 1905. 


2 1 

Stone Sawing by Wire. 

Stone sawing by wire is now 
successfully carried out in France, 
and a complete plant for this pur- 
pose comprises an endless wire 
which passes round a series of 
pulleys, one of which is a driving 
pulley. The necessary tension isr 
obtained by a straining trolley 
working on an inclined plane. 
Between the driving plane and this 
trolley the saw frame is situated, 
and on it the guide pulleys for the 
wire saw are fixed. The wire, as 
it travels, is made to press lightly 
on the stone, and the cutting is 
done by sand mixed with water. 
The wire is formed with three 
strands, each strand being a steel 
wire having a diameter of 0.098 in. 
The strands must be twisted fairly 
light, and should make one turn in 
1. 18 in. In the workshop the wire 
can be driven at a speed of 23 feet 
per second, but, in quarries or adits 
it is recommended that the speed 
should not exceed 13 feet per 
second. A uniform force must be 
exerted on the wire to produce the 
cut ; but the force must also be 
capable of being easily varied, and 
it must be proportionate to the 
length of the cut. — "The Engineer- 
ing & Machinery Chronicle." 

Hawaiian Shark Fisheries. 

It appears that the Hawaiian 
chiefs of some years ago were 
much addicted to the use of human 
Mesh as bait for sharks. It came 
cheaper than pig, was equally ac- 
ceptable to the shark, and gave the 
chief an opportunity to kill anyone 
whom he disliked. The victim was 
cut up and Jeft to decompose for 
two or three days in a receptacle. 
Kamehameha I. was a great shark 
hunter, and kept those of his vic- 
tims jvho were intended for bait 
penned up near the great temple of 

Mrs. Beckley gives a particularly 
interesting account of another 
method of capturing the huge 
niuhi, or man-eating shark, follow- 
ed by the natives. They first of 
all captured a large number of the 
small common shark, saved their 
livers with a portion of the flesh, 
wrapped them in ki leaves, and 
baked them underground. From 
fifty to a hundred canoes were load- 
ed with the baked meat and large 
quantitits of pounded roots of awa, 
mixed with a little water, and con- 
tained in large gourds. The fleet 
would sail many miles out to sea 

in the direction in which the niuhi 
is known to appear. 

Arrived at a comparatively shal- 
low place, the canoe containing the 
head fisherman and the priest and 
the sorcerer, who was supposed tc 
be indispensable, would cast 
anchor ; meat and the baked liver 
would be thrown overboard, a few 
bundles at a time, to attract sharks, 
After a few days the grease and 
scent of cooked meats would spread 
through the water many miles in 
radius. The niuhi would almost 
always niake his appearance after 
the third or fourth day, when 
bundles of the baked meat were 
thrown to it as fast as it could 
swallow them. After a while it 
became comparatively tame, and 
would come up to one or other of 
the canoes to be fed. Bundles of 
the liver with the pounded awa 
would then be given it, and it 
would become not only satiated, 
but also stupefied with awa. 

A noose was then slipped over 
its head, and the fleet raised anchor 
and set sail for home, the shark 
following, a willing prisoner, and 
the occupants of the nearest canoes 
being careful to feed it upon the 
same mixture from time to time. 
It was led right into shallow water 
until it was stranded, and then 
killed. Every part of the bones 
and skin were supposed to confer 
unflinching bravery upon the pos- 
sessor, and the actual captor, that 
is. the one who slipped the noose 
over the niuhi's head, would also, 
ever after, be always victorious. — 
Forest and Stream. 

Equal to Severe Test. 

A somewhat unique gas engine 
plant is at present being installed 
at Jamestown, N.Y., tfie power for 
which will be supplied by natural 
gas. The initial equipment con 
sists of two 500 h.p. engines of the 
horizontal single crank double act 
ing type. This company began 
experimenting with the use of gas 
engines three years ago; and they 
have operated with sufficient sue 
cess to warrant the exclusive adop 
tion 6f gas engines for the entire 
plant. Several of the largest en 
gine builders in this country are 
now producing gas engines which 
are guaranteed to regulate closely 
enough for the operation of alter 
nating current machines running 
in parallel; and this is probably the 
most exacting service, as far as 
regulation is concerned, which any 
engine is called upon to perform 

Stick to the Truth. 

A clergvman preached a sermon 
r salesmen not long ago and said 
imong other things: ''Refuse to 
tell a lie to enable you sell goods. 
Tf your house wants you to be dis- 
honest in trying to sell goods 
what then? Don't do it. Press 
vour business — try to sell all you 
an to customers at the price your 
house puts upon the goods, but 
don't lie. If you sell at the price 
)f the house, it is well and good, 
but if you sell with a lie, remember, 
it is your lie — yours the responsi- 
bility. Young salesmen or sales- 
women ought to systematize their 
jusiness according to scientific 
principles, and in practical experi- 
ence it will be found that the scien- 
tific and systematic seller of eoods 
will achieve the best results for 
mnself, his customer and his em- 
ployer. In almost every case the 
scientific seller will succeed, where- 
as the careless, uninterested seller 
fails. Scientific salesmanship 
means steady work and close ap- 
plication, and those salesmen who 
remember this will forge ahead, 
while careless or uninterested sales- 
men fall into perfunctory ruts and 
fail both for themselves and their 

Herein the preacher has brought 
up a point that too few salesmen 
consider of great importance in 
their business. The necessity of 
adhering to the truth, by manag- 
ing to sell a thing by honest ingen- 
uity, is never a matter of question 
by the proprietor; at least, it should 
not be, and it is granted that it 
is not. Truthfulness wins cus- 
tomers, but all salesmen do not 
work along those lines. 

Misstatement is often considered 
legitimate if a salesman is reason- 
ably certain that a customer does- 
n't know enough to discern the 
difference. What is the proper 
course to pursue? The question 
should never be necessary. False- 
hood is never justifiable in busi- 
ness more than elsewhere; and it 
is never justifiable. The preacher 
has explained the best and only 
proper way to success — "system in 
business and a comprehensive un- 
derstanding of it." 

That is the successful method. 
The salesman who understands 
his business, has the proper in- 
terest in it, and works with steady 
industry, pleases the customer and 
gets the reward It is simplicity 
itself, but it is perfectly free from 
prevarication. It must be so to be 
pennanently|suecessful. — Farm 


— TO 




Dauphin ami Weston the Edmonton Main Line 
as far west as the Elbow Station. Sask.. at the 
crossing of the North Saskatchewan River and 
Melfort on the Prince Albert Extension. 

One Fare for Round Trip 

Tickets on sale at Stations Neepawa, Gladstcue 
and South every Wednesday during April and 
May. 1905. val'd* one mouth and good for stop- 
over at Dauphin and West. 

GEO. H. SHAW, Traffic Mgr. 


1446 ^a^^ 1446 
Ticket Office— 391 Main Street 

Through Tickets 

East, West, and South 

Including Ocean Tickets to 
Europe, Australia,China, 
J : 1 p . 1 n , California and 
Florida Winter Resorts. 



l''or Reservation of Berths and Tickets, 
apply to 

R. CREELM AN. Ticket Agent 
H. SWINFORD. General Agent 

391 Main Street, WINNIPEG. 

THESE Hot Springs 
are the most popu- 
lar of American health 
resorts and are most 
attractive during the 
spring months. 

Excursions tickets on sale 
daily, good for three months 
for return. 

For sleeping car reservation 
and information address 

GEO. A. LEE, Oi 0 igent, 
513 Union Bank Bldg.. 
Winnipeg. Man. 




April, 1905. 

C. P. R. Extension. 

According to recent announce- 
ments the C.P.R. intend to do 
considerable extension work dur- 
ing the coming season. The com- 
pany are desirous of building 25 
miles east and the same distance 
west of Saskatoon for the con- 
venience of the large settlements 
in that territory- An effort is be- 
ing made to complete arrange- 
ments to build the northwestern 
section south to Quill Lakes, and 
an extension of sixteen miles will 
be added to the Lake Winnipeg 
line. Contracts are also being let 
for the Wohelev-Re^ton line, the 
Completion of the Kirkella line to 
Mileage '2(2. t' e c v *ension of the 
Wetaskiwin and Lacombe sec- 
tions, fifty miles of each, and pos- 
sibly a line from Yank to the 
boundary. Extra train service is 
also to be given on the Calgary- 
Edmonton and Deloraine branches. 

Important if True. 

A new fuel successfully tested at 
Muncie, Ind., has been invented 
by Jacob Smith, a glass worker, 
says an exchange. , It is said to 
produce more heat units per pound 
than either coal or wood. It can 
be manufactured ^nd sold at a pro- 
fit for half the cost of coal, and 
it does not smoke except when a 
strong draft is used. Its success 
as a fuel for domestic uses was 
determined some time ago, but not 
until recently, when it was used 
beneath an engine boiler, was its 
value for manufacturing demon- 
strated. The fuel is made largely 
from the refuse of the pulp mills, 
of which there are a number about 
Muncie. Each mill turns out 
thousands of tons of refuse an- 
nually. The refuse*, a combina- 
tion of soda and lime, is mixed 
with crude oil, and the finished 
product resembles putty. It may 
be cut with a spade and thrown 
into a furnace or beneath a boiler. 
No kindling is necessary, for a 
match touched to it will light read- 
ily, the material burning with an 
intense heat. There are no clink- 
ers, and the ashes remaining after 
the fire has burned down may be 
made into a new compound for 
which Mr. Smith has another use. 
A bushel basketful of the fuel be- 
neath a sixteen-horsepower engine 
at a Muncie factory kept steam up 
for eight hours. It is manufactur- 
ed as a plasterer makes his mortar. 
The patent office has called it the 
Smith fuel. 

Who Are Our Friends ? 

Of a St. Louis man it was re- 
central said that he celebrated his 
birthday "by entertaining all of 
his friends and relatives." 

It is well that he included the 
relatives, for had he contented him- 
self with inviting only his friends, 
the crowd would have made a slim 

A man's relatives are only asked 
when there are festal doings, and 
fill up his house till it looks like 
a steamboat excursion, but just let 
him. invite "all his friends" and see 
how many there will be on deck 
— why, there wouldn't be enough 
of, them to eat a ham sandwich 
or lick up a quart of champagne 

You yourself are on speaking 
terms with two or three thousand 
persons, maybe, but how many 
friends have you? That is the 

Of all the people you know, to 
how many would you be willing 
to confide a secret, and to how 
many would you feel at liberty to 
go for counsel or aid if you were 
in need of either? If your eyes 
were turned "to behold for the 
last time the sun in heaven," for 
which one of these hundreds of 
men and women would you send 
to come to you? Or would you 
send for any of them? 

Rather a lonesome prospect, 
isn't it? Still, that's the way (if 
the world. When a man enter- 
tains "all his friends," you put it 
down that he is entertaining two 
— himself and another fellow. — 
Earm Machinery. 

Opinion of the Majority. 

Somebody has said that char- 
acter is what you are and repu- 
tation is what people think you are. 

This may be true to some ex- 
tent, but the dealer will find it pret- 
ty hard to be one thing and yet 
give the impression that he is 
something else. 

A small part of the buying pub- 
lic may get a wrong impression 
about a dealer, or his goods, or his 
business methods, but if it is a 
wrong impression it won't hold 

The opinion of the majority is 
nearly always right and when it 
decides that a dealer has goods 
of merit, that his prices are what 
they should be, that his promises 
are sacred, that his guarantees 
mean all they appear to and that 
justice and fairness prevail in all 

of his transactions, then the dealer 
has conducted his business along 
the right lines and is what people 
think he is. 

The progressive retailer of to- 
day has learned that he must get 
his head above the level of the 
crowd in order to be recognized — 
he must get a reputation. 

He has learned that there is no 
particular shrewdness in handling 
vehicles of doubtful merit, simply 
because they can be bought low 
and sold at a long profit. 

He knows that he must' live with 
his customers and that while they 
may not be able to distinguish be- 
tween a good vehicle and a poor 
one at the time of buying, they 
can tell the difference between a 
carriage that gives service and one 
that doesn't. 

Too often the dealer thinks only 
of the sale and its accompanying 
profit, ignoring the fact ihat no 
business can be built up on one 
time sales and it is the satisfied 
customer who comes back and 
brings his friends with him. — Car- 
riage Dealers' Journal. 


That there are a great many 
sources through which losses may 
occur in business all will admit. 
That such sources are multiplied 
where goods are shipped from one 
agent to another, who sells to the 
consumer on a credit basis, none 
will deny. It is useless to deny 
the fact that credit 'has been one of 
the greatest up-builders in the his- 
tory of commerce, and particularly 
so in regard to agriculture, but it 
has its evils as well as its benefits. 
It has, in many cases, led people 
on into debt and ultimately re- 
sulted in tlt'r failure and bank- 
ruptcy. From this- source comes 
the greatest of all leaks in busi- 
ness, more commonly known as 
"bad accounts." 

There is probably no industry 
that allows such unlimited credit 
as- the farm implement and machin- 
ery industry. Business along this 
line is practically all carried on by 
credit. There are few farmers, 
buying tools and implements for 
the farm who go to the dealer and 
pay cash for what they get. Ow- 
ing to the prevalence of the credit 
system the dealer who refuses to 
"trust" is a rarity. The man who 
would try to run his business on 
a cash basis would be forced to 
the wall before he really knew 
he was started. Why is this the 

result? In our opinion, it is large- 
ly due to lack of unity among 
dealers. The man who presses a 
customer for payment of his ac- 
count, even when that account is 
long past due, is talked of among 
the buyers, with the result that he 
is in a measure boycotted, and a 
competitor who follows a more 
liberal credit policy but less busi- 
ness-like methods, captures the 
bulk of the trade. This is to be 
regretted, as it is the direct har- 
binger of many bad accounts. 
Farmers should be taught that ac- 
counts must be met, either by pay- 
ment in full, or part payment and 
renewal of note for the balance. 

It is an undoubted truth ihat 
many farmers give their notes 
knowing well that they will not 
be in a position to meet same when 
maturity is reached, and feeling 
satisfied that they will have no dif- 
ficulty in getting the dealer to carry 
their paper forward. The dealer 
is, in part, to blame, for this state 
of affairs. He has allowed credit 
and accepted notes so frequentlv 
that the farmer has now reached 
the stage where he considers credit 
as an established fact, and while 
the farmer may be thoroughly 
honest, which the majority of them 
are, still if they can get an exten- 
sion of time on their notes they 
are that much ahead and the deal- 
er so much behind. When the 
dealer is aware that the farmer 
with whom he is doing business 
is in the habit of practising this 
sort of thing he should do all in 
his power to forestall his requests. 
Endeavor to see him from thirty 
to sixty days prior to the maturity 
of the note and get him, if possible, 
to make a part payment. Offer 
him an extension on the balance as 
an inducement. In many cases 
the offer will appear alluring, with 
the result that the farmer will, in 
all probability, accept and the deal- 
er will have made considerable 
progress in the clearing up of his 

We are convinced that dealers 
should take some, steps to prevent 
such unlimited credit. The matter 
has now reached a point where 
it is worth the attention of all im- 
plement men. The most likely 
action that can be successful is, 
we think, only to be accomplished 
by more unity among the imple- 
ment dealers of Western Canada. 
The sooner such steps are taken 
and credit is reduced to a more 
proportionate basis the better for 
the dealer. 

April, 1905. 



Has been sold in the Northwest 
enough to demonstrate its super 
a successful gang plow. 

The Beams are Extra Heav 
The Furrow Wheels have w 
hub boxes with large oil chamb 
The Front Wheel is 24 inch 
The Jones Patent Connecti 
ket for controlling the rear whe 
The Jones Foot Lift is' out 
The Gas hardened Concave 
cial feature — guaranteed to sco 
longer than any other plow. W 
are triple shin and the shares a 

Territory for several years, long 
iority in all things necessary to 

y for hard service. 

kle tires and enclosed dust-proof, 

es high and runs easy, 
ncr is the best device on the mar- 

of sight, it lifts so easy. 
Face Plow Bottoms are the spe- 
nt" and will wear 50 per cent, 
by? Because the mouldboards 
re double shin. 

FROST & WOOD CO., General Agents, 


J. THOMPSON & SONS MFG. CO., Beloit, Wis., U.S.A. 








All Attachments and Thresher Supplies 

Our Lines are Leaders and Money Savers 

Write Us for Catalogues and Prices 


Not only appreciate a good thing but they know a good thing as well. That is how it comes that several times as many JOHN DEERE 
PLOWS (the highest grade steel plows made in America, or anywhere else) are sold to Canadian farmers by Canadian dealers as of any 
other high-grade steel plows of any other manufacture. The duty cuts no figure when a man wants the best and is willing to pay for it. 

Walking Plows, for all purposes ; Riding Plows, single and in gangs, for Horse 
and steam power; Disc Plows, single and In gangs, for horse or steam power. 

For Sale by the Best Dealers in Canada. Mauufactured by 

DEERE & COMPANY, Moline, III., U.S.A. 



April, 1905. 


Maw-Hancock Disc Plow 


We Can 
Supply You 
With Any 
Stvle of 

Our Other I.ines : 

Olds and Winton 

Lome Wagons, Grain 
Grinders, Bissell Disc 
Harrows, Wood Saws 
and Pumps. 


To make Your Stock Complete for Spring Trade. 

JOS. MAW & CO., Limited 

Market Square, 
Winnipeg, Man. 


The Canadian Monarch 

The Monarch is the only band cutter and self feeder built that CAN and 
DOES lift the butts off the grain, at the same time spreading it perfectly, 
just as a man would do by hand. All threshennen know this is the only 
proper way to feed. The feathering motion does not knock out the cylinder 
teeth or break concaves. The feed is perfectly even and uniform across the 
entire- width of the separator cylinder. .The Monarch supplies any separator 
to the separator's capacity. 

Manufactured by The 

Norris Implement Co., Ltd., Winnipeg, Canada. 

If you require a 

Fire or 
Burglar Proof 



write us for prices and catalogue. We 
can quotejyou prices that will interest 


W. Johnston & Co., Ltd. 

776 Main St.. WINNIPEG, Man. 

Municipalities and Contractors 

Will find it to their advantage to write us for Prices 
on Road Graders and Scrapers. We carry in stock a 
full line of 





Now is the Time to Sell a 

Gasoline Launch 


"We can Supply Them." 

Our prices are lower and discounts higher than have ever before 
been quoted in our territory. Lengths 16ft. to 22ft. carried in stock 

Sole Western Canadian Agents for 
the Celebrated 



We have the most modern and up-to-date repair shop in Canada ; 
LAUNCH and SKATE repairiug. 

Write us for territory and prices. 


Granite Automobile Garage 

Vol. I, No. 5. 


Kifty <~Vnts Per Year Single Copies 
Postage Paid Anywhere. Kive Cent*. 


made a contract for the sale of 
Threshing Machines for the 
season of 1905. Write us today 
and secure an agency for the 

most up-to-date line in the market. 





Established 1849 Capital and Surplus $1,500,000 

Offices throughout the civilized world. Correspondence Invited. 


OFFICES IN CANADA— Halifax. N S., Montreal. Que , St. John. N B , Hamilton, Ont.. 

Ottawa, Out., Toronto, Out., London. Out., Quebec, Que , Vancouver, B C. 
C. G. SCHAFFTER, Superintendent, Union Bank Bldg., WINNIPEG, MAN. 


Good Harness 

And for this write to 

The Great West Saddlery Co. 

Winnipeg, Man., or Calgary, Alta., for their latest Illustrated Catalogue. 




Better write us about Grand Detour Farm 
Trucks. They are the best we have seen 
and the prices are right. 

No one can give you a better deal." 

• 1 

• -x^'"'- -&*tS THE /<®^<t. 

L " Cannon Oiler „ , 

- / *™- v ' x Cannot Clog, as the oil passes 

through a fine strainer 
before reaching the spout. 

Last season ive could not mi jk^gt Oil cannot spill or escape 

supply orders after Sep- vBkJs?^^^ ,- . , , 

. , . , _ , ' iKV ^l. from the can when upset, 

tember /st .' bend your ^^HkAvW 

order now. ^WtSr unless the plunger is pressed. 


j P. O. BOX 703 WIN Ml REG P. O. BOX 703 j 



Building Materials of every Description in 




Tell us all about your requirements 
and ask for our 1905 Catalog. 


246 Princess Street Winnipeg, Man. 


May, 1905. 




Are Favorably 
Known Everywhere 

We have enjoyed a large trade this spring, and our 
prospects for the future are larger still. 

The New Style /. G. C. Stclky. 

Cockshutt Implements Make Friends 
and Hold Them. 


Is Mixed Car-loads of Plows, Harrows, Drills, Wagons, 



Is anxious to control a line of Implements that 



The Cockshutt Line J££v» ^ 

dreds of dealers in Western Canada are handling 
our goods today with entire satisfaction, both to 
their customers and to themselves. 

Catalogue describing our money - making 
line for the asking. 

Distributing Houses at Brandon, Regina, 
Calgary and Edmonton. 

Btantford Breaker 

Cockshutt Breakers turn a 
flat furrow without breaking 
the sod and are very light in 
draft on account of the long 
sloping turn of the mould 

This illustration represents our famous EMPIRE GANG with 
Breaker Attachment . 

There are special points about the Empire Gang that place it ahead of all 
other similar Gangs. It has an extra strong steel frame, heavy axles, 
dust-proof wheels, fine adjustment ratchet. It is also fitted with com- 
pound levers and spring lift of new design. Riding Attachment Supplied 

if wanted. 



Cockshutt Plow CO. Ltd. Winnipeg. 



Vol. I, No. 5. 



Manufacturer's Double Dealing 

s— — 

Is it possible for the manufac- 
turer to serve two masters? Can 
he sell identical goods, excepting 
for a different color of paint and 
a change of name, to the dealer and 
the catalogue house, and can such 
business be carried on honestly? 
These are questions that are to-day 
agitating the minds of many imple- 
ment dealers in the United States, 
brought about by the recent expose 
made by a prominent trade journal, 
regarding a separator manufactur- 
ing concern supplying both the 
dealer and the catalogue house with 
the same machine, except that the 
machine supplied to the catalogue 
house is painted blue and bears a 
different name from the one sold to 
the dealer that is painted red and 
is known as the Iowa. 

We cannot see how it is possible 
for any reputable manufacturing 
concern to engage in this business 
and expect to retain the friendship 
and confidence of the trade. Manu- 
facturers, at least the most of them, 
are well aware that the catalogue 
house is the greatest enemy of the 
legitimate trade. It does every- 
thing possible" to force the local 
dealer out of the field in order that 
it may secure control of the situa- 
tion. We do not believe that any 
manufacturer can serve the two in- 
terests and do it honestly. ( )ne or 
other has to suffer in consequence, 
and, in our opinion, it will not be 
the catalogue house. We are con- 
vinced that the manufacturer has 
to make a choice. Either the cata- 
logue house or the dealer has to be 
dealt with exclusively. 

The following is the article above 
referred to that appeared in the 
April number of the Iowa Trade 

" Any manufacturer has the 
great American privilege of selling 
!iis goods where and to whom he 
pleases. He has the privilege of 


furnishing them to catalogue 
houses if he wishes, or he has the 
privilege of doing a legitimate 
business through the jobber and the 
retailer. But there is no principle 
of business ethics which will give 
the moral right to sell both to the 
catalogue house and to the retailer. 

"A short time ago it was hinted 
to the Trade Journal if we would 
investigate the manner in which 
the Iowa Dairy Separator Co., of 
Waterloo, was doing business, we 
might find something verv excit- 
ing. W. W. Marsh is manager of 
this concern, and previous to this 
suggestion we had not suspicioned 
but what everything was alright 
with that concern and it was be- 
ing conducted in a fair manner. 
After a thorough investigation we 
find that the Iowa Dairy Separa- 
tor Company, of Waterloo, is fur- 
nishing cream separators to Sears, 
Roebuck & Co., of Chicago. It is 
an extremely unpleasant duty we 
find ourselves confronted with in 
making this announcement. We 
would rather say to our readers 
'the Iowa Dairy Separator Com- 
pany, of Waterloo, is worthy ot 
your business and of your confi- 
dence,' but you expect us to be 
honest with yon and in doing it 
we must make this exposition. 

"The Iowa Dairy Separator Co. 
has a contract with Sears, Roe- 
buck and Co., to furnish them the 
enormous number of 12,500 cream 
separators during the year 1905. 
During the month of February of 
this year Sears, Roebuck & Co. 
shipped out of the warehouse to 
to their customers, 986 separators. 
This concern puts out its separators 
in two different colors. The blue, 
which is made in three sizes, called 
the 'Economy,' are furnished to 
Sears, Roebuck & Co., while the 
red goes to the retailers. The bow l 
and core of these machines are ex- 

actly alike, but the frames are a 
little different. Just enough to de- 
cieve the unsuspecting retailer, who 
has been handling these goods in 
good faith. 

"The 'blues' are turned over to 
the Security Storage & Transfer 
Co., of Waterloo, and used to fill 
Sears, Roebuck & Co. orders. 
When the Iowa Separator Com- 
pany turns their product over to 
this warehouse, they are issued on 
a warehouse receipt, which is cash- 
ed when presented to the First 
National Bank of W'aterloo. The 
Storage Company receives twenty 
cents each for handling these, 
which is every cent it costs Sears, 
Roebuck & Co. to handle and sell 
the 'Economy' cream separator, 
with the exccpti6n of getting out 
the catalogue. 

" These separators arc delivered 
by the factory to the warehouse 
company and consigned to Sears, 
Roebuck & Co., Chicago. When 
they are shipped out they bear a 
shipping tag on the face of which 
is this form, 'Invoice number 

from Sears, Roebuck & Co., cheap- 
en supply house on earth, 7387 
North Desplaines, 7488 North Jef- 
ferson, 6896 Fulton, 131 Walman 
St., Chicago, 111. Ordered of Sears, 
Roebuck & Co. Town Notifv 

"We do not know what price 
Sears, Roebuck & Co. pay the 
Iowa Dairy Separator Company of 
Waterloo for these machines, but 
we have it on good authority that 
Sears, Roebuck & Co. make a $10 
profit on each of these separators. 
If this is true, and we have no rea- 
son to doubt it, on the 986 they 
sold during February they cleared 
up a profit of $9,860 and on the 
total contract for the year 1905, 
thev would clear up the nice little 
sum of $125,000. This makes a 
profit for Sears, Roebuck & Co., of 
Chicago, out of Waterloo, of more 
than is made by any concern in 

"One of the strange things in 
connection with this deal, and one 
which we are unable to explain at 
this time, is that all these separators 

are shipped out over the Chicago 
Great Western Railroad. We are 
not in a position to say whether the 
Chicago Great Western Railroad 
Co. grants Sears, Roelvick & Co. 
special rates or not, but it certainly 
does look very suspicious to have 
such large shipments go out wholly 
and entirely over the one road. If 
the Chicago Great Western Rail- 
road Co. is guilty of catering to 
and granting rebates to Sears, 
Roebuck & Co. then in no sense 
are they entitled to the support 
of the Iowa jobbers and retail mer- 

"When a representative of Sears, 
Roebuck & Co. is about to visit 
Waterloo and visit the factory and 
warehouse, all of the red separators 
are put out of sight. They are 
either packed away in some part of 
the factory or warehouse and so 
covered up as to be out of sight, 01 
else they are hauled to some barn 
or other obscure place, where they 
will not be detected. 

"Likewise when a jobber of 
some importance visits the factory. 
Only when he comes the blues are 
put out of sight and the reds are 
the only ones he sees. The Iowa 
jobber and the retailer can see 
nothing suspicious about the fac- 
tory or the warehouse. It looks 
to him as though the concern was 
doing a fair and square business. 

"Don't imagine for a minute that 
it is an easy matter for the employ- 
ees of this factory to get the separa- 
tors out of sight when one or the 
other of their customers show up. 
The facts are every employee of the 
factory is turned loose at the task 
and it makes but little difference 
where the goods are put so they 
get out of sight. 

"Last year cream separators, 
practically by the carload, were 
returned from Sears, Roebuck & 
Co. The old shipping cases were 
demolished and without the ma- 
chines having been rebuilt, but 
only being retouched, they were 
sent out as new. Twelve hundred 
of these machines which had been 
returned were in storage at one 
time last fall. 



May, 1905. 

"Sears, Roebuck & Co. reduced 
their price on cream separators for 
1905, $10 below what they were 
quoted at for 1904. Did they re- 
ceive a lower price from the factory 
for 1905 or are they content to 
make their profit #10 this year, 
instead of $20 as last year? Draw 
your own conclusion. , 

"The Iowa Dairy Separator Co. 
has a capacity of sixty machines a 
day, and we understand they are 
working day and night with two 
shifts, and also arranging to enlarge 
their plant. We have seen these 
machines, from the same factory, 
which furnished Sears, Roebuck & 
Co., billed to Iowa retail merchants. 
Of course they were of a different 
color than those furnished the Chi- 
cago concern. Now, Mr. Retail 
Dealer, Implement Dealers' Asso- 
ciation and Hardware Dealers' 
Association, you have the whole 
thing in a nut shell. 

"For fear Mr. Marsh will say in 
defence that the Trade Journal 
makes this exposure because it has 
it in for him, we want to make 
further explanations. At the 
Manufacturers' State Convention, 
held in Cedar Rapids, in February, 
the Trade Journal asked that the 
Association pass a resolution en- 
dorsing it for the work it had done 
in Towa in the interests of the Iowa 
manufacturer and in opposition to 
the catalogue houses. Mr. Marsh, 
wlio was occupying the chair at 
that particular session, took the 
trouble to ask the vice-president 
of the Association to occupy the 
chair and he took his place in the 
audience. When this resolution 
came up, Mr. Marsh opposed it 
because, as he said, it would be 
showing favoritism toward one 
paper, when the daily papers of the 
state had assisted the Association 
in its work. While we regretted 
to have Mr. Marsh take such a 
stand, at the time we gave him 
credit for being sincere and told 
him so, but now we can see that 
the anti-catalogue house campaign 
being conducted by the Trade 
Journal did not please him. While 
he was asking the Iowa retail 
dealer for his patronage, at the 
same time he was furnishing that 
retail dealer's enemy with ammuni- 
tion with which to wipe him out of 

"We have written Mr. Marsh at 
chfferent times on different subjects 
and never succeeded in even get- 
ting a reply. We confess that at 
me time we could not understand 
his attitude, but now it is all as 
plain as day. It would have made 

no difference what Mr. Marsh's 
attitude toward the Trade Journal 
had been in the past, this discovery 
of ours would have received the 
same treatment. 

"We are also sorry to say we 
have deep-seated suspicions against 
other Iowa factories and shall do 
everything in our power to ferret 
them out, and if they are found 
guilty as is the Iowa Separator 
Co., of Waterloo, then we most 
certainly shall mete out to them 
the same treatment we have in 
this case. So far as we know, 
this company has quite a nice 
business among the Iowa dealers 
and to all who are handling their 
separators we wish to say there 
is no reason for your being scared 
out of Iowa for your supply, sim- 
ply because this concern has been 
found guilty. So far as we know 
there are three other factories in 
Iowa making centrifugal cream 
separators, one in Waterloo, Ft. 
Dodge and Clinton. We have 
investigated their mode of busi- 
ness and satisfied ourselves they 
are not guilty as is the Iowa 
Dairy Separator Co. So long as 
there are two such concerns in 
Waterloo, we ask you to be careful 
and not confuse them. One is the 
Iowa Dairy Separator Co., which 

is guilty, and the other is the 
Waterloo Separator Co., which is 

"We are not familiar with the 
merits of the separators made by 
these two concerns, but our investi- 
gation has led us to believe, in fact, 
we have been told by men who are 
intimately connected with the Iowa 
Dairy Separator Co., that the ma- 
chine turned out by the Waterloo 
Separator Co. was head and shoul- 
ders above the other. 

"This is one of the most un- 
pleasant duties as a trade paper, 
we have been called upon to per- 
form, but to have passed it by 
would have betrayed the confi- 
dence of our readers and to have 
prostituted the good name the 
Iowa Trade Journal has succeeded 
in building for itself. 

"You have the facts without any 
guess work, without any equivo- 
cation, and we leave it to you. We 
ask you not to suspect any other 
Iowa manufacturer unless you have 
good grounds for it and if you have 
we shall appreciate it if you will 
make us familiar with the proofs 
you have on hand. 

"As soon as proofs are placed 
with us we will at once institute 
ar investigation, doing the entire 
work ourselves and taking all the 

responsibility. In no case or under 
any circumstances will we divulgo 
the names of the persons giving us 
preliminary information. You 
shall be protected, but we want 
what information you may have 
that we may be able to ferret out 
conditions as we have in the case 
referred to in this article. 

"We believe the Iowa institu- 
tions furnishing supply houses are 
extremely limited and we would 
not, for all the world, throw a 
shadow over any of them who are 
not guilty. How foolish it is for a 
manufacturer to take up such a 
trade. What a precarious condi- 
tion they place themselves in by 
doing so. Probably this very con- 
cern, next year will find that Sears, 
Roebuck & Co. for some excuse, 
either imaginary or real, are either 
manufacturing their own cream 
separators or buying them from 
another factory which would result 
in the Iowa Dairy Separator Co. 
finding the retailers had justly de- 
serted them and that the catalogue- 
house trade had gone entirely. It 
puts the manufacturer who stoops 
to such trade, in a position where 
financial ruin may swallow him up 
at the expiration of almost any 
catalogue-house contract. He can- 
not serve two masters. We want 


Only the best dealers in Canada can sell Canada's best 


They appeal only to people of taste and good judgment. They are sold by people who cater to 
the best trade, and who are in a position, financially, to control the best. We are exclusively 
wholesale. We deal through the trade. Once we contract, you will find us cast iron when it 

lomes to protecting your trade. 

o o I Our Plant is located in the West. Prompt delivery. 
*• "■s: »- Cheap and Quick Repairs. 

The famous 


known for excell- 
ance all over the 
entire West. 


C ,0 


The most scientifically designed Mill the 
world has yet produced. 

We manufacture the Daisy Hayes Double Cylinder Force Pump in Black and Galvanized 

Literature and prices sent anywhere upon request. Send for it and you 
will soon be convinced that the MANITOBA'S are the MONARCH'S, and 
that there is money in our lines for vou. 

Manitoba Windmill and Pump 
Company, Limited HaBMms 

Box 301 BRANDON, MAN. 


No water tanks, no gasoline pump. 
Simple, strong, safe. High in 
grade, but high in work also. 

AST* Be careful when addressing us. Get 
it right. Say Manitoba and Box 301 

May, 1905. 



to draw a conclusion and we want 
it to find a lodgment in the minds 
of our readers, and that is this: We 
want you to buy your supplies from 
Western factories. You have no 
assurance whatever hut what the 
Eastern factories are supplying 
catalogue houses every day in the 
\ear, in fact we know large num- 
bers of them are as has been exper- 
ienced and found out by the efforts 
being made by the National Hard- 
ware Dealers' Association. When 
you buy from an Iowa factory, they 
are right here near at home, and 
in the Trade Journal you have a 
friend which is watching every one 
of them, and it would hardly be 
possible for them to carry on such 
a business very long without being 
found out. While on the other 
hand the Eastern manufacturers 
might carry on that very thing for 
a century and you never would be 
the wiser for it. 

"We have been told of a circum- 
stance in our own state in which a 
dealer had taken a cream separator, 
made by this Waterloo concern to 
a farmer's residence for the purpose 
of making a sale. When he got 
there he found the farmer had or- 
dered a separator from Sears, Roe- 
buck & Co. at much less than what 
this dealer was asking. A com- 
parison was made of the two 
machines and imagine the surprise 
when the bowl and core of the two 
machines were identical. He may 
have had suspicions, but if his 
separator had come from an East- 
ern factory, he probably never 
would have been the wiser, but 
now the mystery is solved for this 
man; he knows how it came that 
the core and the bowl of the sepa- 
rator sold by him were exactly the 
same as those found in the sepa- 
rator sold by Sears, Roebuck & 

"Stay by the Iowa manufacturer ; 
he is your friend, and as we have 
said, with very few exceptions, is 
worthy of our confidence. We 
have said all there is to say; we 
have said enough. 

"We desire to be fair with the 
Iowa Dairy Separator Co., and Mr. 
Marsh, its manager, and if he de- 
sires to use the pages- of the Trade 
Journal to defend himself we will 
be glad to place them at his service 
without cost." 


In dealing with this matter in a 
recent issue, the following terse 
comment was made by Canadian 
Implement and Vehicle Trade: — 

"There being no duty on this line 
of goods coming into Canada, 

there is no reason why the con- 
sumer cannot buy these goods of 
the 'catalogue house' at their 
prices and have them delivered in 
Canada the same as in the States. 
On goods where there is a duty the 
Yankee 'catalogue house' stands a 
poor chance in Canadian trade, but 
it will not be very long before 
branches or houses along the same 
line will be estabished here, and 
when that time comes the dealer 
must be prepared to say to the 
manufacturer: 'You cannot have 
our trade and theirs. You must 
choose between us.' " 

Practical Rating System. 

A local organization of imple- 
ment dealers' in one of the western 
states maintains a system of rat- 
ings applying to implement buyers 
of the vicinity which one of the 
members of the association pro- 
nounces an unqualified success, 
worth ten times its cost. This sys- 
tem is one of the most valuable 
developments of local organization. 

The association has a member- 
ship of fifteen dealers in imple- 
ments and vehicles. Each mem- 
ber carefully examined his books 
and records and furnished to a cen- 
tral bureau all the information that 
he had or could obtain relative to 
his customers. For rating pur- 
poses the letters "A, B, C, and D" 
were adopted. The application of 
the letter "A" means that the cus- 
tomer is good for any credit he 
desires. If rated "B" the custo- 
mer is good for any reasonable 
amount of credit. The letter "C" 
indicates that the credit extended 

Wizard 1 





In sending out their last specifica- 
tions for gasoline engines for West 
Point, the U. S. War Department requir- 
ed them "to be OLDS ENGINES or equal. " 
They excel all others or the U. S. Govern- 
ment would not demand them. 

Horizontal type, 2 to 100 H. P., so 
simply and perfectly made that it requires no 
experience to run them, and 

Repairs Practically Cost Nothing 

I Send for a catalogue of our Wizard Engine, 
I 2 to 8 H. P., ( /ump-spark ignition system, . 
tsame as in the famous Oldsmobile) thej 
^ most economical small power engine made; 
Ifitted either pump-jack or direct connected J 
% pump. Or, our general catalogue, show-, 
ing all sizes. 
Lansing. Mich. 
Jomph Maw ft Co., Ltd. 
Winnipeg Agents 

should be secured, and if "D" fol- 
lows the name it means that the 
party should not be trusted at all. 

As previously stated, each mem- 
ber drew up a list of all of his 
customers from his books and 
rated them according to these 
specifications. The 1 association 
then employed a competent man 
to compile the information and 
apply the different ratings given by 
the different dealers. Eor in- 
stance, a farmer might be rated 
"A" by one dealer, "B" by an- 
other and "C" by a third, accord- 
ing to their respective experiences 
with him. Thus the list gave each 
member of the association the ad- 
vantage of every other member's 
experience with each particular 
customer. While a farmer might 
have kept his credit good at one 
place and not at another, infor- 
mation to that effect was avail- 
able to each member for use as 
he elected. 

Xo pledge or promise was ex- 
acted requiring the members to 
refuse credit to anyone, but the 
result was an immediate restrict- 
ing of credits to a class of buyers 
that had theretofore been given 
credit far beyond their merits. The 
system also placed in the hands of 
each member information that 
would enable him to determine 

whether or not credit should be 
extended, without wasting time in 
making inquiries, each member 
being furnished with a complete 
list with the ratings, as reported 
by the different members, printed 
opposite each name. Of course 
the list is revised from time to 
time, as changes occur. 

In this connection it is interesting 
to note that some of the local or- 
ganizations, especially the general 
merchants' organizations, including 
all classes represented in any town 
or community, are making use of 
such associations to collect bills 
from delinquent customers. Such 
customers are first notified by the 
merchant that unless his account 
is paid by a certain date the claim 
will be placed with the collection 
department of the association. 

If no attention is paid to this, 
a letter is then sent by the secre- 
tary of the association demanding 
immediate payment, and if no reply 
is then forthcoming the debtor is 
notified by the secretary that un- 
less the claim is paid within ten 
days the fact of his delinquency 
and his attitude towards the mat- 
ter will be reported to all members 
of 'the association. It is stated 
that this system has been very 
effective in the collection of ac- 
counts, settlement of which under 
other circumstances would have 
been long deferred or perhaps the 
amount entirely lost. — Earm Im- 
plement News. 



The Best Kor All Concrete Mixers 

It is a well known fact that mixers having inside blades, pocket and separate the 
material as it enters, and again in turn scoop it up from the bottom, and require constant 
attention by frequently flushing, as also scraping and pounding at short intervals on the 
outside of drum to dislodge the material which is constantly attaching itself to the inside 
mechanism, such as vanes, scoops, paddle arms, inside shaft, or whatever it may be, not 
only causing the material to ball, but greatly decreasing the life of the machine, as these 
accessories, by reason of their resistance, not only wear out rapidly but largely increase 
the strain on the gears, frame, etc. Our Cl"BE MIXKR. with ordinary use, is guaranteed 
not to clog. 

PORTABLE and STATIONARY, 7 Sizes, 2 to 80 Cubic Yards per hour 


Send for Catalogue No. SI 


General Offices : H07-9-11 Railway Exchange. Chicago. III.. D.S.A. 
New York Office : 150 Nassau St. 

J. L. NEILSON 6l CO. 602 Main Street, Winnipeg, Man. 

Agents for Western Canada. 


May, 1905. 

Punctuality in Business. 


Given equal capital, equal loca- 
tion and equal ability, the punctual 
man is the one who will succeed, 
where his easy-going, careless com- 
petitor will fail. Punctuality may 
he considered only a negative vir- 
tue, nevertheless its lack leads to 
many a disappointment and many 
a loss, and, what is of more far- 
reaching importance, to distrust 
and lark of confidence, which is 
fatal to all future business. 

No matter what the weather or 
the feelings of the business man 
may lie, his store should be open 
at the established time, as regular- 
ly as the ebb and flow of the tides. 
Then nobody in a hurry will have 
to go away disappointed at locked 
doors. No matter how trivial the 
business engagement may appear, 
he on the spot at the appointed 
time. A customer satisfied over a 
small purchase to-day, or over any 
little business engagement met and 
carried out as agreed, may eventu- 
ally mean a trade of hundreds or 
thousands of dollars. Be punc- 
tual in waiting on customers or in 
answering inquiries. Never kedp 
a customer waiting, even if you are 
the only one he can trade with in 
your town. 

Punctuality in collecting ac- 
counts is another important secret 
of success in business — as import- 
art as punctuality in making sales. 
Laxness in making collections is 
sure to breed laxness in paying 




W. J. ARNOTT, Sole Dealer 
Western Canada 

Note,— We have a large slock of Second 
Hand Machines for Sale or Rent, Kem- 
1NUTONS, Smith Premiers. Under- 
wood's, Oliver s and Empires. These 
machines are all in good order, some as 
good as new. 

W. J. ARNOTT, 404 Mclntyre Block 


on the part of your customers; 
which, as you will admit, is a bad 
habit. If you are not on the spot 
at the time appointed for payment, 
how can you expect your debtor 
to retain his respect for you as a 
business man? Business is busi- 
ness, and while the "pound of 
flesh" rule is not at all necessary 
in modern business, a close, prac- 
tical, up-to-date, systematic meth- 
od of making collections is abso- 
lutely necessary, and promptness 
is one of its prime factors. 

Then, punctuality in the pay- 
ment of your own accounts is just 
as essential as punctuality in mak- 
ing collections. It is absolutely 
necessary in establishing and main- 
taining your own credit. It is 
much more important than large 
capital, and will stand you in bet- 
ter stead. The man with moderate 
capital who not only pays his 
debts but pays them promptly, 
stands to win out in the race for 
business success far better than 
the man with practically unlimited 
capital who is careless in meeting 
his obligations. — Hardware. 

Remember the Name. 

One of the most progressive 
manufacturing firms operating in 
Western Canada is the Manitoba 
Windmill & Pump Co., of Bran- 
don, Man. We recently received 
a number of circulars from this 
concern containing much informa- 
tion with reference to the pumps, 
windmills and gasoline engines 
manufactured by them. They are 
the makers of the celebrated "Man- 
itoba" steel pumping mills and 
towers, and the "Manitoba" and 

"Daisy Hayes" pumps, lines that 
have attained most enviable repu- 
tations both among dealers and 
farmers in the West. From a 
modest beginning the history of 
this company has been one of con- 
tinual healthy growth, until today 
it occupies a prominent place 
among the many business con- 
cerns of this country. We under- 
stand that they prefer to have 
their goods sold through the deal- 
er and that they pay particular 
attention to the protection of their 
agents. We are also informed 
that they are very liberal in their 
dealings and that they have a fair 
share of the Western trade. 

Owing to the fact that there are 
other concerns in Brandon, Man., 
handling similar goods, we would 
advise dealers who wish to corres- 
pond with the Manitoba Windmill 
& Pump Co. to be careful that 
they get both the name and ad- 
dress right, and to put Box 301 
on all letters. We made an error 
last issue by giving another Bran- 
don concern credit for circulars re- 
ceived from the Manitoba Wind- 
mill & Pump Co. Remember the 

Another 0. K. Medal. 

A McCormick binder was award- 
ed a handsome silver medal, the 
highest prize given at the annual 
Agricultural Exhibition held in 
Cork, Ireland, in April. 


For Automobiles, Machinery, 
Traction Engines, Threshers, Etc. 

A model of simplicity, durability and 
stiength. Kaise by working handle 
below center; lower by working 
handle above centtr. Works at any 
angle. Send for Catalog e. OLIVER 
MFG. CO., aio Desplaines Street 
Chicago. III. 


Porcelain Lined Iron 
Cylinder Wood Pumps 

Made only of the Best 


Morden Double Action 
Force Pump 


Send for Prices and Discounts 

Melotte Cream Separator Co. 


Convincing: the Farmer. 

The separator agent has his own 
share of the world's trials and trib- 
ulations when he undertakes to 
place a cream separator with the 
fanner of a certain class. With 
many fanners, but particularly 
with those of a careless and shift- 
less nature, the selling of a ma- 
chine is an exceedingly difficult 
task. This class of men use every 
possible argument in order to turn 
the agent down; therefore it is 
essential to the dealer's success 
that he be well versed in every pos- 
sible contention why the farmer 
should use a cream separator. 

It is admitted by a great main- 
dairy experts that the farmer milk- 
ing from three cows up should 
own a separator. In view of this 
fact it is evident that the farmer 
who is milking any number of 
cows, from three up, and who re- 
fuses to place a machine, is work- 
ing directly against his own inter- 
est. It is the opinion of this class 
of farmer, who eventually pur- 
chases a cream separator, that he 
is doing the agent a favor in allow- 
ing him to put in a machine. The 
reverse is just the case. The deal- 
er who sells a cream separator to 
a farmer is doing that farmer a 

In selling to the farmer of a 
careful, studious disposition, one 
that keeps posted, by means of the 
agricultural press, on all appliances 
invented for the benefit of the far- 
mer, the dealer finds his task less 
difficult. When a cream separator 
is brought to the attention of a 
farmer of this class, he recognizes 
its value, and providing he has 
a number of cows to milk, and 
the separator is of the type that 
he deems the best value, the dealer 
has practically no trouble in plac- 
ing a machine. 


The old methods of raising 
cream, which on the modern dairy 
farm are declared obsolete, are not 
only unsanitary and unhealthful 
but they are the source of great 
loss to the farmer. Losses of this 
sort are leaks that are a continual 
drain on the resources of the far- 
mer. They are money leaks, and 
no agriculturist, anxious to suc- 
ceed, can afford such losses in his 
business. The old proverb, often 
quoted, says that "procrastination 
is the thief of time." In the case 
of selling a cream separator it is 
also the "thief of money." Far- 
mers who put off buying to a more 
convenient season (?) are simply 

May, 1905. 



throwing away what might other- 
wise be clear profit. We have 
often heard a probable purchaser 
say, "Oh, well, the separator is a 
good thing. I'll buy one next 
fall." When next fall arrives he 
decides not to purchase until next 
spring, and this sort of procedure 
is followed from one season to an- 
other with the result that the far- 
mer is losing what he might other- 
wise be converting into profit. 
This is not merely our opinion 
but is that expressed by prominent 
dairymen and through the columns 
of the agricultural press. 

Probably the principal reason 
for advocating the use of the cream 
separator is the saving that it will 
effect in butter-fat. By pursuing 
the ancient methods of cream-rais- 
ing, from one-eigthth to one-half 
of the cream is left in the skim- 
milk. The skim-milk is then fed 
to calves and pigs. This is equiv- 
alent to feeding the stock butter 
to the extent of from one-eighth 
to one-half of that produced. Now 
if it is economy to feed the stock 
from i2i per cent, to 50 per cent, 
butter-fat, it should be profitable to 
feed all the butter-fat to the stock 
and get out of the dairying busi- 
ness. All farmers, however, are 
well aware that such methods are 
not profitable. Butter is too valu- 
able a food for pigs and calves, 
especially when it is possible to 
purchase a food equal to butter- 
tat, capable of raising just as good 
a calf or pig, for one-twentieth 
part of the cost, 


We are cognizant of a few cases 

— two in particular — where sepa- 
rators have been put out of repair 
by accidents. In one case the 
owner was milking twenty-one 
cows and figured that for every day 
his machine was out of repair he 
was losing one dollar and a half. 
In the other case the owner was 
milking forty head of cattle and 
he requested the separator agent 
to pay him five dollars for every 
day his machine was idle. Tak- 
ing the milking period at three 
hundred days, we figure that the 
first man considered that he would 
lose $450.00 in that time, while the 
second man valued his loss at f 1,- 
500.00. (We merely cite these 
cases in order to show how users 
value their cream separators). We 
are also aware of a number of cases 
where farmers milking cows could 
no more get along without a sep- 
arator than they could get along 
without a binder in this Western 
country. These facts should prove 
conclusively to the thinking farmer 
that to be without a separator is 
a source of loss. 

Another argument in favor of 
the cream separator is that it is a 
great labor saver. The separator 
has practically every merit that can 
be cited in that connection. It 
will soon pay for itself by labor 
saving alone. In view of the fact 
that the majority of cream sepa- 
rator operators are women, it 
should be the aim of all farmers 
to provide machines that will, in 
as great a degree as possible, light- 
en the labors of their wives and 
daughters. The separator will do 
this, and, at the same time, do 
the work better and in a more 

efficient manner, thereby making 
a greater profit for the owner. 


Another point in favor of the 
use of the separator is that it will 
effect a considerable saving in 
money that would otherwise have 
tp be spent in the repairing and 
renewal of cans, pans, pails, etc., 
essential in the old methods of 
cream raising and skimming. Sep- 
arator skimmed milk will produce 
a more uniform quality of butter; 
and the warm, sweet, animal- 
heated skim-milk is admitted by 
many agricultural experts to be 
a much more nutritive and valu- 
able food for calves, pigs and poul- 
try than the average skimmed milk 
as fed, after the cream has been 

raised and skimmed by the old 

As a farm utensil, there is scarce- 
ly any machine used by farmers 
equal to the cream separator from 
the standpoint of practical utility. 
Other machines may be capable of 
producing greater gains during the 
period they are in use, but they 
are only used at certain seasons 
of the year, whereas the cream 
separator is used twice every day 
in the year. Dealers should make 
themselves thoroughly conversant 
with the separator they are hand- 
ling in order to be better able to 
meet the arguments put forth by 
farmers against the use of the 
cream separator. 



It is a well established fact 
and illustrated daily that the 
other kind of separator can- 
not be sold for list price when 
in competition with the DE 

The prospective purchaser 
purchaser does not require to 
the agent for the other kind 
does it for him by dropping 
his price 

Ask us for our catalogue. 

The De Laval Separator Co. 

248 McDermot Av. . WINNIPEG, MAN. 



You can sell Cream Separators. Every farmer is a possible customer for one. 
Farmers are going ahead and going ahead fast. They no longer drive to town as their grand- 
fathers did — they buy up-to-date buggies. They won't skim their milk as their grandmothers did 
— they can do it quicker and better with a Cream Separator. 

Farmers you see in town every week have made up their minds to buy. Most of them have a natural 
preference for the UNITED STATES CREAM SEPARATOR because they have 
seen it advertised continuously in their farm papers as the Separator that 

Gets the Most Cream and the Best Cream. 

You can't blame the farmers for ordering goods by mail if they can't buy them in 
their home town. It's YOUR business to have a United States Cream Separator 
right in your store. We'll send you an advertisement to put in your local paper 
— the farmers will see to the rest. Don't let this chance go by. Fill out, and 
mail us the three cornered coupon. We'll explain more fully, by return mail, why the 
U.S. is the machine for you to sell. Address your letter to Bellows Falls, Vermont. 



Distributing Warehouses at Winnipeg, Calgary, Vancouver 

The VER- 
v ° Bellows Fall, Vt 

w Gentlemen :— You may explain 
why it is to my advantage to handle 
the United States Cream Separator. 





May, 1905. 


Mr. J. F. Templeton visited the 
Areola district recently in the inter- 
ests of the Imperial Implement Co. 

Mr. Isaac Wood was in Brandon 
a short time ago in the interests of 
the Melotte Cream Separator Co. 
He stated that business in his line 
was particularly good. 

Mr. A. Perey, traveller for the 
Case Engine Co., accompanied by 
Mr. M. Gifford, head collector for 
the same concern, spent Sunday 
in town a short time ago. 

Mr. J. E. Ruby, manager of the 
Frost & Wood Co., with head- 
quarters at Winnipeg, recently 
visited the branch of the company 
at this point, on his way to Regina. 

Mr. W. J. Paps, of the Bell En- 
gine Co.. is pushing business in 
tli is Western country. He reports 
sales from many sections but states 
that business is still inclined to be 

Mr. A. N. Bannerman, traveller 
for the Threshers' Supply Co., of 
the 'Peg, was in the city recently 
pushing business for his concern. 
He reports a general pick-up in all 

The Hawkeye Feeder Co., agent 
here, had a pleasant call from Mr. 
Kimble, manager for the Parsons. 
Hawkeye Mfg. Co., and Mr. Maib, 
the general traveller for the same 
concern, a few days ago. 

Mr. John Inglis, of the imple- 
ment firm of Smith & Inglis at 
this place, visited Winnipeg on 
business a short time ago. Mr. 
Inglis is one of the most prominent 
business men in this city, being 
president of the Board of Trade. 

Mr. C. C. Macdonald, widely 
known throughout the country as 
a dairy expert, visited this city re- 
cently in the interests of the 
Uneeda Cream Separator, manu- 
factured by the National Manu- 
facturing Co., of Pembroke, Ont. 

Mr. J. E. Briggs, general travel- 
ler for the Winnesheill Grain Sav- 

er, was in Brandon a short time 
ago. His company intend to push 
business in Manitoba and the Ter- 
ritories this season and will ship 
from this point. 

Mr. G. K. Westlake, representing 
the Cockshutt Plow Co., was in 
town a few days ago on his regular 
trip. He is paying particular at- 
tention to the various experiments 
being made with the plows and 
drills manufactured by his com- 

Mr. B. C. Clarke made his in- 
itial trip to Brandon a short time 
ago in the interests of the Winni- 
peg Rubber Co. Mr. Clarke suc- 
ceeds 1 Mr. F. W. Fowler, who held 
this route for many years and who 
was recently appointed manager of 
a branch established by the com- 
pany at Calgary. 

The splendid rains that have fal- 
len during May, and the fine warm 
weather of the past two weeks, has 
so promoted the growth in the 
country that a good crop is practi- 
cally assured for 1905. Many 
thresher concerns are located in 
Brandon and all are jubilant over 
the splendid prospects. 

In preparation for the races on 
the 24th and 25th of May the Bran- 
don Turf Club have had the race 
track rebuilt. The secretary of the 
club reports almost double the en- 
tries for this year. With the track 
in good condition it is expected 
that many former records will be 

Shingle Combine. 

, Owing to the fact that the 
shingle manufacturers of the pro- 
vince of British Columbia have 
formed &■ combination, there has 
been a general advance on all 
shingles exported from that pro- 
vince. The formation of this^com- 
bine has been pending for a con- 
siderable period. Negotiations have 
been carried on between the manu- 
facturers and the Kootenay shingle 

men with a view to putting an end 
to the price war that has lasted 
there for a long time. These ne- 
gotiations have at last been success- 
ful and, it is understood, fully 
ninety per cent, of the shingle men 
have signed the agreement of com- 

■ As a medium through which the 
mills can act, two selling compan- 
ies have been formed, the Export 
Lumber and Shingle Co., Ltd., and 
the Union Lumber Co., Ltd. The 
price of shingles has been raised to 
what mills consider a paying figure, 
but is not as high as it was before 
the rate war was inaugurated. The 
old price was $2.65 to 50 cent 
points and $4 to outside points. 
The new price is $2.50 to 50 cent 
points and $2.95 to outside points. 

By the understanding thus 
arrived at, it will be possible for 
the manufacturers to regulate the 
production in accordance with the 
demand and prevent a glut. Both 
the Export Lumber Co. and the 
Union Lumber Co. will have offices 
in Vancouver. 

Use our Columns. 

In a recent item in this journal 
we requested otn> readers to make 
use of its columns on any matters 
pertinent to the trade. We want 
all those in the implement busi- 
ness to consider this publication 
as essentially their organ, published 
in their interests and for their ben- 
efit. A publication printed in 
trade interests is always open for 
correspondence from its readers. 
By pursuing this plan there is 
bound to come an interchange of 
ideas and much, resultant benefit. 
( hir readers arc brought into 
closer contact one with the other 
and the editor gets the benefit of 
their various ideas and experi- 
ences, and if he can give you any 
assistance or information on any 
topic he will do so. That is what 
he is here to do. Remember our 
columns are always at your dis- 

Are Erecting New Building. 

The Canadian Moline Plow Co. 
recently let the contract for the 
erection of a new four-storey and 
basement building on the corner of 
Logan Avenue and Chambers St., 
Winnipeg. This structure will be 
built of solid brick and stone. The 
danger from fire has been lessened 
by the windows being fitted with 
fire-proof glass. The show-room 
will be one of the most magnificent 
in the city, being 83 x 120. The 
structure will be equipped with a 
large elevator and will have practi- 
cally 50,000 sq. ft. of floor space, 
with ample trackage and shipping 
facilities. When completed it wijl 
be one of the most modern imple- 
ment warehouses in the city. The 
excavation has been started and the 
work will be pushed to rapid com- 
pletion. The erection of this build- 
ing is under the direct personal 
supervision of Mr. J. H. G. Rus- 
sell, the architect. 

To Replace Prairie Chickens. 

The prairie chicken as a game 
bird will almost entirely disappear 
from Minnesota in the course of 
fifteen years and the ring necked 
pheasant will take its place, is the 
opinion of S. F. Fullerton,, of the 
state game and fish commission. 
In a recent interview, Mr. Fuller- 
ton said: 

"Seventy-five ring necked pheas- 
ants which the department pur- 
chased, recently arrived at the Wil- 
lowbrook hatchery from the East. 
If all goes well, by next fall we 
will have 1,000 young" pheasants, 
which number will be released 
among the forests and prairies of 
the state. They propagate amaz- 
ingly, hatching nearly 60 young 
at a setting, and sometimes as 
many as 120 in the course of a 
year. I predict that at the end of 
five years there will be several 
million birds in the state. As a 
game bird the ring necked or mon- 
golian pheasant cannot be excelled. 
They are fast and easily started 
and make excellent sport. A 
closed season has been announced 
on the birds to last for five years. 
The birds are excellent insect des- 
troyers. The farmers will be ask- 
ed to co-operate with us in stock- 
ing the state, as it will be to their 
benefit. The ring necked pheasant 
is the most prolific game bird 
known, and no amount of cold 
can kill it, being especially adapted 
to our Minnesota climate." 

The Canadian Monarch 

The Monarch is the only band cutter and self feeder built that CAN and 
DOES lift the butts off the grain, at the same time spreading it perfectly, 
just as a man would do by hand. All threshermen know this is the only 
proper way to feed The feathering motion does not knock out the cylinder 
teeth or break concaves. The feed is perfectly even and uniform across the 
entire width of the separator cylinder. The Monarch supplies any separator 
to the separator's capacity. 

Manufactured by The 

Norris Implement Co., Ltd., Winnipeg, Canada. 

May, 1905. 



Are You Acquainted 


Let us introduce you to four of its 
members who have made and are 







with many special features. A few of them are : 
Dust-Proof Long Bearing Wheel Boxings, Extra 
Heavy Beams, Adjustable Rear Wheel, the 
Bottoms Possess Unusual Strength, Re-enforced 
Heavy Shares, Strong at Every Point, yet 
Simple in Construction and Easily Operated. 



with a Reputation, backed up by Years of 
Success, and Sold in almost Every Country on 
the Globe. Furnished with Cast Landside 
Shoe and High Landside. 



just as Staple as Sugar. As a Prairie Breaker 
we contend its equal has }-et to be manufactured. 
When equipped with Extra Long Landside the 
Draft is very Light and the Plow stays to its 
Work, requiring very little attention. 



at a Minimum Figure. This Gang will get you 
Business. Best Ever Bottoms are used on this 
Gang. Dust Proof Wheel Boxings, Re-enforced 
Shares, etc. No Cast Heads to break or get 
your Bottoms out of line. :: :: Ask the Price. 



-Tigr" ■" : — » , — % ^ ^ 




May, 1905. 



Published each month by 

Canadian farm Implements, Ctd. 

901-2 Union Bank Building, 
Winnipeg, Man., Canada. 
Phone 518. 

Single copies Five Cents. Fifty Cents per year. 
(Postage Paid Anywhere.) 

Rates Made Known on Application. 
Change cf Copy for Advertisements should reach 
this office not later than the 15th of each 
month— Cuts and Copy for New Adver- 
tisements can be received as late as 
the 20th of each month. 

This paper does not undertake to endorse 
opinions that may be expressed in its corres- 
pondence columns. 

F. D. Blakei.y - President and Manaeer. 
P. G. Van Vleet - • Vice-President 

Eastern Office : 
1 Wellington St. W., Toronto, Out. 
Chicago Office 
461 Champlain Avenue. 
A. S. Core - Representative. 


Everything Prospering. 

The statement that the people 
of C anada are enjoying prosperity 
is amply borne out by the excel- 
lent financial and commercial con- 
ditions of the country. All man- 
ner of industrial establishments are 
prospering; lumbering and mining 
are making rapid strides along the 
patli of progress; agriculture is 
going forward by leaps and bounds 
and the fishery interests of the 
Dominion are in exceedingly satis- 
factory shape. 

There is no country under the 
British Hag, nor any section of any 
other country in the world, that 
i> showing the same amount of 
progress as the Canadian West. 
Each day sees new industries 
opening up and the population is 
increasing at a rate seldom, if ever, 
reached in the history of any part 
of the world. In this country we 
have passed the "boom" period, 
and people arc gathering from all 
parts of the earth because this fact 
has been demonstrated to their 
satisfaction. Western Canada is 
no longer in the experimental 
stage; it is past that, as is evi- 
denced by the steady, though rapid, 
growth that is taking place from 
the Great Lakes to the Pacific 
( )cean. 

Each week marks the arrival of 
thousands of new settlers. The 

majority of these people are, gen- 
erally speaking, of a class that 
bids strong for the future welfare 
of the country. Many of them 
are taking up homesteads, while 
others are engaging with the var- 
ious trades and industries through- 
out the land. According to all 
reports, it is evident that fully 
100,000 new arrivals will locate in 
the Canadian North-West during 

Land values continue to advance 
at a rate consistent with the growth 
of the country. All signs, so far, 
continue to indicate another bum- 
per crop year. The acreage under 
crop for this season is greatly in 
advance of any previous year.| 
Farm implements and machinery 
have been in good demand, and all 
reports point to bright prospects 
for future sales. Excellent prices 
arc prevailing for all products of 
the farm, and this state of affairs 
is also prevalent in the mercantile 
world. Taken altogether, 1905 
promises to be the banner year 
yet attained in the history of the 
new West. 

Crop Conditions. 

During the past month the daily 
press of the country have been de- 
voting considerable space to crop 
reports in the North-West. Re- 
cently the Winnipeg "Free Press" 
sent a number of dispatches to their 
correspondents in the principal 
wheat sections of the country re- 
questing a report on prevailing con- 
ditions. From these replies, which 
we have perused, it is evident that 
the crop has received no setback. 
Rain and snow have fallen in 
abundance in Manitoba and in some 
sections of the Territories, while 
other parts are in need of moisture. 
The weather has been reported cool 
from practically all sections. With 
warmer weather it would appear 
that the crop outlook is most 
promising. We give herewith a 
condensed report from the dis- 
patches mentioned, received be- 
tween the 8th and 10th of May: 


Brandon. Man— All wheat seed 
ing finished. Early sown coming 
up well. Plants in healthy condi- 
tion. Few fields injured by wind. 
Weather cool, but favorable. 

Emerson, Man.— Wheat seeding 
in this district all completed. 
Light fall of snow on May 4th of 
great benefit. Conditions most 
favorable for bumper crop. The 
wet weather just what was needed. 

Carberry, Man. — Seeding all 
finished. Heavy fall of rain on the 
6th resulted in great benefit to the 
crops. Warm weather and no 
frosts are the essentials to large 

Virden, Man. — The heavy rain 
that fell for several hours on the 
6th most beneficial. Wheat all 
sown and only a small amount of 
barley and oats still to be seeded. 

Morden, Man. — Seeding all fin- 
ished. Weather cold and wet. No 
damage to crop. Fanners de- 
lighted with existing conditions. 

Newdale, Man. — Seeding not 
yet completed. No damage to seed 
by wind. Warmer weather and 
rain needed. 

Birtle, Man. — Frost a short 
time ago. No damage reported. 
Growth of wheat slow on account 
of backward weather. 

Carman, Man.— All wheat has 
been seeded. Weather cool. No 
damage reported. 

Crystal City, Man.— There has 
been no damage to the crop and 
the wheat is sprouting nicely. 
Cold northerly winds with slight 
snow flurries prevalent during the 
early part of the month. 

Minnedosa, Man. — The wheat is 
above the ground and coming 
along in excellent shape. There is 
no damage of any kind. 


Indian Head, N.W.T. — Con- 
siderable frost during the early part 
of May. No injury resulted to 
crops. Seeding completed. 

Medicine Hat, N.W.T.— Crops 
in this district further advanced 
now than in any spring for the past 
seven years. Wheat is up to six 
inches and looks promising. Farm- 
ers are expecting this year's crop to 
be a record one. 

Moose Jaw, X.W.T.— Crops in 
good condition. Have had some 
rain. Need more. Xo rust in this 

Yorkton, N.W.T.— Crops are in 
need of moisture. Considerable 
frost. As there has been no grow- 
ing weather no damage has re- 

Fleming, N.W.T.— Slight rain- 
falls have resulted in much benefit 
to the crop. Warmer weather is 
wanted. So far no damage has 
resulted to the crop. 

Estevan, N.W.T. — Warmer 
weather and moisture needed in 
order to insure good crops. The 
weather was frosty during the early 
part of the month. 

Edmonton, N. W. T. — Seeding 
completed. Wheat from three to 

five inches above the ground. No 
damage is reported to crop. Mois- 
ture will soon be required. 

Areola, N.W.T. — Crop condi- 
tions are favorable. No damage 
is reported. 

Moosomin, N.W.T. — Wheat is 
just appearing above the ground. 
There is no damage to the crop, 
and everything will prosper pro- 
viding the weather becomes warm- 
er. • •■ h • 

Canada's Parcel Post. 

Canada knows she has a parcel 
post because she has the deficit 
that goes with it. 

Although a country which has 
only begun to develop, Canada has 
many things not possessed by gov- 
ernments which have many times 
her population to deal with. 

A parcel post is one of these. 
Her merchants are complaining 
that it is breeding mail-order 
houses so rapidly as to interfere 
with the growth of the small com- 
munities which Canada needs so 
much in her development plans. 

The evidence that the parcel 
post is not what Canada wants 
seems to be accumulating so fast 
that Canadian merchants are being 
assisted in their campaign against 
it by business men in other lines. 

With the big postal deficit, the 
Canadian merchant complains that 
he must not only deal with the 
condition that breeds mail-order 
competition, but he must actually 
go down into his pocket and pay 
his share of taxes which are the 
direct result of this deficit. 

It would seem that the Canadian 
merchant has just grounds for a 

Putting the government into the 
freight business sounds well. But 
when you come to consider the 
effect of such an action on the 
country as a whole and the poor 
financial results from a postal de- 
partment standpoint you have an- 
other guess coming. 

Notwithstanding the boasts of 
the big mail-order men who are 
endeavoring to push the United 
States government into the freight 
carrying business, it is very doubt- 
ful whether this country will see 
this step taken for many, many 
years to come. — Hardware Trade. 

The William Grey Carriage Co., 
of Chatham, Ont, will increase 
their capital stock from $150,000 
to $500,000. It is understood that 
they will make considerable addi- 
tions and improvements to their 
already large and up-to-date fac- 

May, 1905. 







Gasoline Fire Engine 

Waterous Steam Fire Engine for Cities and large Towns. 

Strathcona Fire Department with Waterous Gasoline Fire Engine. 

Will throw a 
stream of water in 
3 minutes 



Waterous Gasoline Fire Engine throwing % inch stream at Lacombe, Alta. 

Waterous Gasoline Fire Engine at work at Dauphin, Man. 

Waterous Engine Works Co. Limited 




May, 1905. 

On the main lines of the Illinois 
Central and the Big Four railways, 
fifty-four miles south-east of Chi- 
cago, stands the delightful little 
town of Bradley, the home of the 
David Bradley Mfg. Co., celebrated 
throughout the entire agricultural 
world for their manufacture of high 
grade farm implements and ma- 

Stepping from the train the vis- 
itor is immediately struck with the 
neat appearance of the place. Fac- 
ing the station one views the mod- 
ern plant of the company. Inter- 

closely in touch with the require- 
ments and wants of the agricul- 
tural classes. They have excellent 
transportation facilities. Four great 
railroad systems pass their plant 
that operate lines to their yards 
and factories. Their water supply 
is excellent and they are always 
able to secure any amount of extra 
help desired, points of advantage 
in a large manufacturing concern 
that cannot afford to be overlook- 
ed. Then again they are close to 
Chicago, the second largest city 
on the continent, and of probably 
more importance, from the stand- 

Factory of the David Bradley Manufacturing Co., Bradley, 111. 

veiling between the station and the 
offices of the firm is a delightful 
little park, in the centre of which 
is a pretty artificial lake, from 
which the tanks of the company 
are supplied. Beautiful walks 
abound. These and the lawns 
show the interest that is taken in 
their appearance. Here the visitor 
from the north comes in contact 
with the first of spring's blossoms, 
and the lawns of the park are 
adorned with many beautiful plots 
of flowers and shrubs. 

Forgetting the surroundings and 
considering the benefits of location 
to the company the visitor is forced 
to admit that it is admirably suited 
to their needs and requirements. 
They are right in the heart of one 
of the most thickly populated 
mixed farming communities on 
this continent, and are thereby kept 

point of the average agriculturist, 
than any other. 

This company was founded by 
the late David Bradley, who, until 
his death in 1889, remained its 
president. Mr. Bradley was one 
of the pioneers of the middle West, 
moving from Syracuse, N.Y., to 
Chicago in 1835, where he assisted 
in the erection of the first foundry 
built there and was the first man 
to import pig iron into that city. 
A few years later he commenced 
the manufacture of the "Garden 
City Clipper" plow, an implement 
that to-day hasj a world-wide repu- 
tation. The demand for this plow 
increased at such a rate that Mr. 
Bradley decided it was advisable to 
form a company for its manufac- 
ture, and the present concern is 
the result. Immediately after for- 
mation, this company procured 


Canadian Representative, David 
Bradley Mfg. Co. 

such machinery as was then avail- 
able ' and erected a plant in Chi- 
cago. From time to time addi- 
tions and improvements were 
made on this factory until a few 
years ago no more adjoining pro- 
perty could be secured for build- 
ing purposes, and the company de- 
cided to leave Chicago and seek a 
suitable location elsewhere. They 
chose their present site, which was 
situated in a town then known as 
Xorth Kankakee. Here they 
erected large factories, and shortly 
afterwards the citizens of North 
Kankakee honored the founder of 
the Bradley Mfg. Co. by re-nam- 
ing the town after him. 

Since locating in Bradley this 
concern has made wonderful pro- 
gress. To-day their factories cov- 
er over ten acres and they have 
twenty-six acres adjoining, await- 
ing further expansion. From the 
manufacture of the "Garden City 
Clipper" plow this concern has 
gone on until it manufactures many 
styles of "Garden City Clipper" 
plows, as well as Bradley gang 
and sulky plows, "X Ray" and 
"XX Ray" sulky plows, railroad 
plows, planters, disc and lever har- 
rows, sulky hay rakes, cultivators, 
corn cutters and grain grinders, 
drills, seeders, horse and engine 
hay presses, and many other lines 
for the use of the modern agri- 
culturists. They have six branch 
houses throughout the United 
States, besides many agencies and 
transfer houses both. in that coun- 
try and in this. They employ 
many hundreds of men, and keep 
a staff of inventors, draughtsmen, 

pattern-makers and other experts 
continually at work in their experi- 
mental department, a department 
devoted to the improving of their 
various lines. 

This company is represented in 
Western Canada by Mr. M. J. 
Miller, whose portrait we re-pro- 
duce in connection with this arti- 
cle, who has his headquarters in 
the new McRae Building at the 
corner of King and James streets, 
and of whom we made special 
mention in our January issue. 

Are Consolidated. 

On the 15th of May, The Can- 
adian Fairbanks Company, Ltd., 
were appointed sole selling agents 
for the complete line of goods man- 
ufactured by Fairbanks, Morse & 
Company and handled by them 
heretofore in the city of Winnipeg. 
The Canadian Fairbanks Company 
have inaugurated a railway supply 
department and a gasoline engine 
department, where lines of this 
manufacture are under the care 
and guidance of Mr. F. H. Crane, 
who is very well known to the 
purchasing public at large in Mani- 
toba and the Territories. 

The stock being carried is large 
and varied, and consists of gaso- 
line engines made by this company, 
windmills, railway supplies, Barrett 
jacks, and the usual lines that go 
to make up one of the most com- 
plete assortments in the West. All 
inquiries to the new company will 
be carefully attended to, and in- 
formation cheerfully furnished as 
heretofore. The Canadian Fair- 
banks Company are branching out 
very fast, and arrangements have 
been made where they are starting 
a factory in Toronto to manufac- 
ture a complete line of their stand- 
ard scales, valves, gasoline engines, 
steam pumps, etc. The company 
is confident that with the increased 
line that it has to offer to the pub- 
lic, a very satisfactory trade will 
be done right from the start. 

Mr. A. H.' Shoemaker, who re- 
cently visited this city, and of 
whom we make mention in another 
item, is well known to the imple- 
ment and thresher trade of both 
this country and the States. He 
was one of the original founders or 
The Thresherman's Review, of St. 
Joseph, Mich., and was for ten 
years intimately connected with 
that publication. Mr. Shoemaker, 
while a Yankee, is a strong believer 
in the great future that lies before 
Western Canada, and says that the 
years to come will see Winnipeg 
ranking as one of the greatest cities 
on the continent. 

May, 1905. 



Better Fire Protection. 

Mr. G. W. Erb, Manager of the 
Waterous Co., gave a satisfactory 
test of a gasoline fire engine at 
Virden, Man., on the 23rd inst., 
fulfilling the guarantee required by 
the council. Another test was 
given the following morning, the 
engine throwing a powerful stream 
over the highest elevator to the 
entire satisfaction of all those pre- 
sent. The purchase includes a 
No. 7 Waterous gasoline fire en- 
gine, 1,000 feet Keystone hose and 
a hose wagon. This additional 
equipment, with the double cylinder 
chemical and hook and ladder truck 
and the additional proposed tanks 
will put the town of Virden in the 
first rank of protected towns in the 
West. The old manual fire engine 
(Armstrong backbreaker) has been 
shipped to Broadview. 

A concern, to be known as the 
Smith Stacker and Feeder Co., has 
been incorporated at Hamilton, 
Ont., with a capital of 140,000. 
They will engage in the manufac- 
ture of agricultural implements and 
will also carry on a general foundry 


Air. S. H. Roe, blockman for the 
International Harvester Co., on the 
South Western Branch was in 
Winnipeg for a couple of days re- 

Mr. M. M. Groff, blockman for 
the International Harvester Co., at 
Glenboro, Man., was in the city on 
business a short time ago. 

Mr. J. A. Turner, blockman for 
the International Harvester Co., 
with headquarters at Dauphin, 
Man., was in Winnipeg on busi- 
ness recently. 

The implement firm of Reid & 
Irwin, at Deloraine, Man., have 
dissolved partnership. The busi- 
ness will in future be carried on by 
Mr. C. J. Reid. 

Mitchell & Mcllmoyle have re- 
cently started in the implement 
business at Glen Ewen, Assa. 
They have our best wishes for 

During the past month Mr. John 
Leckie, proprietor of the Carberry 
Machine Works, Carberry, Man., 
visited the Cooper Gasoline Engine 
Co., of this city. 

Mr. T. B. Mitchell, proprietor of 
the Virden Machine Works, Vir- 
den, Man., was in the city recently 
on a business trip in connection 
with the Cooper Gasoline Engine 

It is reported that Mr. R. Cock- 
erton, of Dauphin, Man., intends to 
dispose of his business and return 
to his home in England. His 
father died there a short time ago. 

Mr. Thos. Cull, of the Cockshutt 
Plow Co., has just returned to the 
city from a trip to Regina and in- 
termediate points. He reports 
business as first rate. 

Mr. A. E. Mott, manager of the 
Cockshutt Plow Co., of this city, 
has just returned from a visit to 
his company's branches at Calgary 
and Regina. He reports the 
trade and general conditions in 
a most satisfactory state, due, in a 
great measure, to the recent snows 
anil rains that have fallen through- 
out the country. 

During the past month we had a 
very pleasant visit from Mr. J. E. 
Bevan, of Stonewall, Man., agent 
for the Massey-Harris Co., and 
v. ho handles the Grey Carriage 

Co.'s goods. Mr. Bevan stated that 
he had an excellent spring trade in 
drills and buggies, and is anticipa- 
ting a profitable season. He is 
much in favor of a dealers' organi- 
zation and said that such an asso- 
ciation must be thoroughly organ- 
ized to be a success. These are 
our sentiments. 

Do Vou Build ? 

Waterloo Automatic Cement Block Machine 
Best Grade PORTLAND CEMENT Always on Hand. 

Builders' Equipment Co. 

917-919 Union Bank Building 




Built In Winnipeg to Suit Manitoba 
and Territorial Grain 

Tills mill takes the lead in thorough- 
ness of work. It will skiwkate 
wheat and oats, barley and oats timo- 
and clover, chess, cockle, wild mustard 
and wild oats from wheat or barley, 
rye from oats, wild buckwheat from 
flax; cleans peas, beans, corn, buck- 
wheat and cockle. Almost a complete 
separation first t ime through. Oats and 
wheat sown together are separated per- 
fectly by the Hkro. Sold with or with- 
out bagger. Size— Width, 2ft. 41a.; 
length, 3ft. uin. ; height. 4ft. 2in. ; weight. 
ISOlbs., baggers SOlbs. 

Sold entirely through the dealer. A 11 
orders and communications from your 
territory referred to you. Write us for 
full particulars, catalogue, etc. 






V Power Press 

Tra :o, with a wagon. Can be drawn 
by two horses on common roads. 
Pat. Block Dropper saves enough 
time in ten hours to bale 114 to 3 
tons more than other presses 
Low Feed Table. Has full 
size baling chamber, but 
frame is short enough to 
load in box car. 

Is Light 
U but 
; Strong. 


M. J. MILLER, Canadian Representative. 

Bradley X Rays Foot- Lift Sulky 

A bov of ten years can handle it. Write today 



Bradley X Rays 
Foot -Lift Sulky 

For it is a Plow that has been tried by the most ex- 
acting farmers and has given the best of satisfaction 

It is a Frame Hitch Plow, High Lift, High Wheels, Wide 
Coulter Bearings. Patent Stop on Frame for beam to rest on, 
making the wheels carry all of the load, leaving no weight or 
friction on the bottoms. Perfect Foot-Lift — hands always free 
to handle team. Furnished with 1000-mile Magazine Hubs and 
our celebrated " Garden City Clipper " Bottom. 

We make a full line of Farm Implements. The Bradley 
proposition is a paying one. Better call on us or write to 
our Canadian Representative in Winnipeg 



McRae Building, cor. King & James Sts. 


Canadian Representative 

Heart Office and Factory 




May, 1905. 


Win. Johnston & Co., of this 
city, report a greatly increased de- 
mand for the P. & O. engine gang 

Mr. L. J. Ostrander, general 
traveller for William Johnston & 
Co., of this city, was in town for 
a few days recently previous to 
making his regular trip over the 
Alberta territory. 

W. H. Tyson, traveller for the 
H. F. Anderson Co., has just re- 
turned from a trip on the C.N.R. as 
far West as Kamsack. He reports 
business as a little quiet in that sec- 
tion, with good prospects for future 
business. He also says that the 
recent rains have been of much 

Mr. Archie Watson, manager of 
the John Watson Mfg. Co., has 
just returned to his headquarters 
here from a trip to Regina and 
intermediate points. He reports 
business as improving along all 
lines and that sales of the Grand 
Detour Wagon have been very 

Mr. I. C. Nelson, of the Stewart 
Nelson Co., is on a trip through 
Eastern Assiniboia. He reports 
business as being very satisfactory 
with bright prospects for largely 
increased sales as the season ad- 

Mr. W. S. Shoop, general trav- 
eler for the Fuller & Johnstone Co., 
of Madison, Wis., was in the city 
recently, visiting the Stewart Nel- 
son Co., who have the Canadian 
agency for "the Frost Proof 
Twins," the gasoline engines man- 
ufactured by Fuller & Johnstone. 

Mr. J, A. Latimer, general agent 
for tlic Cockshutt Plow Co. at 
Calgary, recently moved into the 
new offices and warerooms of the 
company at that point. 

Mr. A. H. Shoemaker, who is 
representing the Parsons Band Cut- 
ter and Self Feeder Co., of New- 
ton, Iowa, in the interests of the 
Ruth Self Feeder, now owned by 
the above named company, spent 
the past two weeks in Winnipeg 
visiting the Canadian thresher 
trade. Mr. Shoemaker left this city 
a few days ago for London, Ont., 
at which point the Parsons Co. will 
have their Eastern Canada head- 
quarters for the coming season. 

Mr. William Galloway, of Wat- 
erloo, la., celebrated by his man- 
ufacture of the "harrow cart," was 
in Winnipeg for a couple of days 
recently. This gentleman states 
that his output of harrow carts 
for the present season will exceed 
seven thousand, and that he anti- 
cipates placing twenty thousand in 
1906, which will double the pre- 
sent output of his factory. Mr. 
Galloway is very favorably im- 
pressed with the Canadian West. 

Mr. F. L. Maytag, secretary and 
treasurer of the Parsons Band 
Cutter and Self Feeder Co., with 
headquarters at Newton, la., was 
in the city a short time ago in 
connection with placing the Ruth 
Self Feeder on the market in this 
country. It is two years since 
Mr. Maytag last visited Winnipeg. 
He states that the city has shown 
remarkable growth and improve- 
ment since then. He has great 
confidence in our glorious West 
as is evidenced by the fact that he 


We are alive, and our invitation to you is 

Get in the Swim 


Our Army of Satisfied Customers 

M H. "'ho sell' 

Gilt Edge 
Gold Leaf 
Silver Leaf 
Maple Leaf 

650 ft. 
600 ft. 
550 ft. 
500 ft. 


Til I': liest in Quality." f 1 

Product of Canadian Industry 
I fe Leading in Popularity 


Orders and Enquiries 
receive prompt attention 

Trade Mark, Registered 

i Binder TWlNf . 

The Brant ford Cordage Co., Ltd. 


has invested in several thousand 
acres of land in this province. 

Mr. J. E. Ruby, manager of the 
Frost & Wood Co., has just re- 
turned to the city from a trip to 
Regina and Prince Albert. Mr. 
Ruby reports the general agricul- 
tural conditions throughout the 
country as being first class, the 
grain showing up nicely along the 
entire route, the recent rain-fall 
having done an immense amount 
of good. He stated that the crop 
prospects had caused a marked im- 
provement in the implement busi- 

Mr. Thomas Wadge, of the 
Dou-Wadge Implement Co., re- 
cently left for a trip through the 
South and Western States. He 
will visit, among other places, 
Spokane, Wash., and it is likely 
that he will take in the Lewis and 
Clarke Exposition at Portland, 
Ore., ere he returns. He will be 
away a month. 

We have just received from the 
Sawyer-Massey Co., of Hamilton, 
Ont., one of their 1905 hangers. 
This is a beautiful lithograph repre- 
senting their first factory in 1836 
that occupied the site upon which 
the Royal Hotel of Hamilton now 
stands. This picture has been care- 
fully prepared from descriptions 
and data furnished by many early 
residents and gives a very realistic 
idea of the appearance of the main 
street in one of Canada's most 
progressive cities, at that date. We 
beg to thank the Company for re- 
membering us and congratulate 
them on getting out such a hand- 
some hanger. 

We recently received a cata- 
logue representing the "Stickney 
Line" of gasoline engines from 
the Ontario Wind Engine and 
Pump Co., Canadian agents for 
the Charles A. Sticknev Co., of 

St. Paul, Minn., manufacturers of 
this line. This is a most readable 
pamphlet and is full of informa- 
tion concerning the engines above 
mentioned. Jt contains a large 
number of excellent cuts showing 
the various styles of horizontal and 
portable engines made by the com- 
pany. This type of engine is well 
known throughout the West and 
each day sees an increasing demand 
for it. The Ontario Wind Engine 
and Pump Co. will be pleased to 
mail a copy of this catalogue to 
any applicant. When writing 
kindly mention Canadian Farm 

A little bit late perhaps, but 
nevertheless highly appreciated, we 
beg to thank the Cockshutt Plow 
Co., of Brantford, Ont., for a copy 
of their handsome calendar for 
1905. This is one of the finest 
examples of the lithographers' art 
that has come into our office. It 
is a bust portrait of "Thayendan-" 
ega" (Capt. Joseph Brant), the 
famous Indian chief after whom 
the city of Brantford is named. 
Lithographed on imitation birch- 
bark paper, surrounded with arrow 
points, the head of the noble red 
man is thrown into bold relief 
The coloring is both effective and 
beautiful, and the company and 
their lithographers are to be con- 

It is the intention of the Cana- 
dian Rubber Co., of Montreal, to 
considerably increase their present 
plant. The Directors of this con- 
cern at their last meeting allotted 
$250,000 for the erection of new 
factories and for the improvement 
of the old ones. When it is taken 
into consideration that this Com- 
pany spent over $240,000 along 
similar lines in 1904 the rapid pro- 
gress it is making will be clearly 


Manufactuters of the Celebrated Improved Jones' Wind Stacker , 

Which is acknowledged to be the leading wind stacker used in 
Western Canada. Write for Catalogue, Testimonials and contract. 
We also operate an up-to-date Machine Shop for the repair of 
Engines and Separators. 



Box 145 


► ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦M M ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

May, 1905. 



Ruth Self Feeder. 

By the recent purchase of the 
good will, patents and business of 
the Ruth Self Feeder Mfg. Co., of 
Halstead, Kansas, the Parsons 
Band Cutter and Self Feeder Co. 
have come into possession of an- 
other valuable addition to the al- 
ready large and popular "Success" 
line made at Newton, Iowa. 

The almost phenomenal growth 
in demand for the "Ruth" self feed- 
er is known to most who have to 
do with such machinery in the 
States, and the demand for this 
very popular machine in Canada 
has led to the decision to have it 
more actively represented in the 
Northwest, and with that object in 
view the Parsons Band Cutter and 
Self Feeder Co. has decided to es- 
tablish an agency for this season 
in Winnipeg, which will look after 
the interests of "Ruth" feeders, as 
well as such other products of the 
"Success" line as are not already 
represented in the Canadian North- 

The policy of having a strong 
representation among implement 
dealers and which has greatly con- 
tributed to the steady growth of 
the Parsons Company in the States, 
will no doubt be pursued here, and 

the success of the "Ruth" self 
feeder commends it to the notice 
of dealers. 

The "Ruth" feeder will be repre- 
sented for this territory by the Par- 
sons Hawkeye Mfg. Co., sales 
agent, Mr. C. D. Kimble, with 
general offices at 140 Princess St., 

Threshers Supply Catalogue. 

We take pleasure in saying to 
the trade that we have just re- 
ceived from the Threshers' Supply 
Co., of 120 Lombard Street, a copy 
of their catalogue "C" for 1905. 
This is full of good things for 
those interested in their particular 
line of goods, and, in a great meas- 
ure, to the trade generally. In it 
the company claim that they have 
"everything for the thresher and 
some other things too." Taking 
the catalogue as an indication, we 
are fully prepared to agree with 
them in this regard. It contains 
nearly one hundred pages and is 
amply illustrated throughout with 
cuts of the various tools and parts 
handled by the company, which 
include beltings, couplers, pumps, 
jacks, injectors, lubricators, gov- 
ernors, oilers, wrenches, pipe 
clamps, flue cleaners, oil cups, belt 

guides, vises,, and many other 
articles essential to the thresher- 
man. This concern will be pleased 
to mail one of these lists to any 
applicant. Kindly mention Can- 
adian Farm Implements when 

G. T. R. Improve Service. 

The Grand Trunk Railway Co. 
have made a change in the leaving 
time of Train No. 6 from Chicago, 
which should be of great interest 
to travellers from Manitoba and 
the Territories to the East. This 
train will now leave Chicago at 
10.30 p.m., arriving at London, 
11.20 a.m.; Hamilton, 1.30 p.m.; 
Toronto, 2.45 p.m.; Suspension 
Bridge, 3.05 p.m.; Niagara Falls, 
3.22 p.m., and Buffalo at 4.15 p.m. 
the following day. Under this 
schedule this train will make con- 
siderably faster time, as well as 
better connections. 

The change of time will allow 
passengers leaving Winnipeg on 
any of the afternoon or evening 
trains of one day, to connect with 
the trains between the Twin Cities 
and Chicago the following morn- 
ing, in time to connect with Train 
No. 6 that evening. Heretofore 
this train left previous to the ar- 

rival of the trains from Minneapolis 
and St. Paul, which resulted in 
a considerable loss of time to pas- 
sengers via the Grand Trunk. 

The equipment of this train will 
be first-class in every respect, be- 
ing solid vestibule, consisting of 
chair and dining coaches, through 
sleeping cars between Chicago 
and Toronto, Buffalo and Mon- 
treal, and everything else that goes 
to make up a high class train. 

For particulars, time schedules, 
folders, etc., apply to David Brown, 
Jr., T. P. A., St. Paul, Minn., or 
Geo, Yaux, Assistant General 
Passenger Agent, Chicago, 111. 

Sale of Cream Separators. 

Now that the sale of cream sep- 
arators is becoming so general, 
the trade is interested to know 
which of the several makes now 
on the market meets most satis- 
factorily the demand of the dairy- 
men and farmers. 

The cream separator business is 
comparatively new, yet in the last 
few years the sale of these machines 
has increased faster than in any 
other branch of the implement 
business. It will pay almost every 
dealer to handle some standard 
line. 1 f' 

At the bottom of page 7 is an 
advertisement bearing on this sub- 
ject. It will interest you — read it. 

That is what every sale of the MOLINE WAGON represents, or else it would 
not have achieved the position as the leading farm wagon of Canada. 

The Fairchild Co., Ltd., Winnipeg 

General Agents for Canada 



May, 1905. 

Claim Official Dishonesty. 

The International Harvester 
Company of America has entered 
action in the courts of Illinois 
against Rodney B. Swift for the 
recovery of $25,000 which they 
allege he defrauded them of in a 
recent patent deal. Until his dis- 
charge, a few days ago, Swift oc- 
cupied the responsible position of 
manager of the experimental de- 
partment of the company. Pre- 
vious to the amalgamation of the 
large harvesting machine concerns 
he held many important positions 
of trust in the service of the Mc- 
Cormick Harvesting Machine Co. 
The case on which the Interna- 
tional Co. base their action is one 
in which Swift, it is said, purchased 
a patent, through an accomplice, 
for 150,000 and sold it to the com- 
pany for $75,000, and it is for the 
recovery of the $25,000 difference 
that the company have started suit. 

The McCormick Harvesting 
.Machine Co. has also entered 
action against Swift for the recov- 
ery of $60,000 worth of Interna- 
tional Harvester Co. stock that 
they presented to him as a reward 
for "long and faithful services" at 

the time the amalgamation took 
place. They, it is understood, base 
their case on the assumption that 
Swift was carrying on schemes 
for defrauding the company at the 
time the gift was made to him. 

The International Harvester Co. 
has notified its agents that Swift 
has been discharged from the em- 
ploy of the company and that he 
no longer has any authority to re- 
present them. 

Binder Twine Prices. 

Since our last issue there has 
been practically no change to note 
in the binder twine market. It is 
true that the market has fluctuated 
slightly, but not enough to cause 
any uneasiness or a change in past 
quotations. Owing to the recent 
slight decline in sisal fibre quota- 
tions the market has shown a ten- 
dency to lower figures, but the fact 
that manufacturers have practically 
completed the making of twine for 
this season's harvest has a steady- 
ing effect on the general tone of 
the market. It is doubtful, even 
were sisal to be had in large quan- 
tities at the present reduction in 

price, if manufacturers would make 
any special effort to get rid of pre- 
sent stock with a view to loading 
up for next season. The present 
outlook is dubious, for it is useless 
to deny the fact that a decrease in 
the price of raw material often 
has the effect of causing manu- 
facturers to put forth special efforts 
to get rid of stock rather than hold 
over until next season. Prospects 
are, however, that there will be no 
decline in the immediate future 
from the following figures: — Sisal 
and Standard, 500 ft. to _the lb., 
cj| to 9£c; Standard Manilla, 550 
ft. to the lb., io£ to io^c; Man- 
illa, 600 ft. to the lb., 1 if to) i2\c. ; 
and Pure Manilla, 650 ft. to the lb., 
13 to I3^c. Ten thousand pound 
lots, one-eighth of a cent less. Car 
lots, one-quarter of a cent less. 
Usual terms of payment. 

The above quotations are f.o.b. 
Chicago. In order to arrive at 
Western Canadian figures 65 cents 
per 100 lbs. should be added f.o.b. 
Winnipeg. If, however, cars are 
to be broken at Winnipeg, an ad- 
ditional 10 cents per hundred lbs. 
should be added for transfer 

C. N. R. Steamship Express. 

The Canadian Northern railway 
steamship express service will be 
resumed on June 4. The east- 
bound train will leave Winnipeg at 
4 p.m. and will arrive at Port 
Arthur at 8.30 the following morn- 
ing. Westbound the train will 
leave Port Arthur at 6.50 p.m. and 
will reach Winnipeg the following 
morning at 11.30. Dining cars will 
be run on all trains, both east and 
westbound. The daily train ser- 
vice between Winnipeg and Port 
Arthur will hereafter be permanent. 

Do You Want Space ? 

Arrangements for the forthcom- 
ing Winnipeg Exhibition, to be 
held July 20th to 28th, are pro- 
ceeding apace, and already the of- 
fices are beginning to take on a 
busy appearance. 

It is the intention of the Exhibit 
committee this year to allot space 
at the earliest possible date, and 
Canadian Farm Implements has 
been asked to call the attention of 
the implement, machine men and 
manufacturers to this fact in order 
that their applications may be sent 
in without delay and satisfactory 
allotments made. 


New Century Line 

Hay-Making Machinery 

Manufactured by 



Sold by 

The Balfour Implement Co. 

913 Union Bank Building WINNIPEG, MANITOBA 

May, 1905. 



The Chicago Strike. 

The present teamsters' union 
strike- in Chicago promises to cre- 
ate a revulsion of feeling among 
the thinking people of the country 
regarding lahor unions, and, in our 
mind, it is time that some such 
change was taking place if com- 
merce is to he hindered and people 
injured at the rate prevailing 
throughout the Chicago trouble. 

Hitherto trade unions have had 
the approval and commendation of 
the majority of the people. This 
was, and is, essential to their suc- 
cess. In the case of the labor 
union, as well as in everything else, 
nothing is worth anything that 
does not bear the stamp of public 
approval. . 

During the past few years the 
confidence of the people has been, 
more or less, shaken by the large 
number of strikes that have taken 
place. Many of these strikes have 
been carried out for the most 
trivial reasons. In the present in- 
stance the trouble started when the 
union teamsters' refused to deliver 
goods to Montgomery, Ward & 
Co., a firm declared boycotted by 
the union, for running a "sweat 
shop." This is a large mail order 



Double Cylinder 


the easiest working 
PUMP on the market. 


It has two brass cylin- 

One side will balance the 

All you do is work the 

A five year old child 
can operate this Pump 
in a fifty-foot, well. 

This Pump will dis- 
charge twice as. much 
water as any other 
pump. It will take but 
half the time and labor 
to pump the water. 

Is this Pump durable ? 

It certainly is. 
The Cylinders are solid 

The Pipe is all Galvan- 

The Rods are Steel Gal- 
It has no stuffing boxes 

to wear out. 
You can attach hose. 
You can. attach wind- 

This Pump is positively 

W. Johnston & Co., Ltd. 


house doing a tremendous "catalo- 
gue" business. To our way of 
thinking we would have very few 
regrets for the concern in question 
were it not for the fact that hun- 
dreds of other firms carrying on 
their businesses in the most legiti- 
mate manner are being punished 
equally with the original offenders. 

The struggle has developed into 
a contest as to the supremacy of 
the union. The strikers are deter- 
mined, at any cost, to demonstrate 
their ability to make the employers 
feel their nower. The results so 
far show many riots and much 
bloodshed. The effect on Chicago 
and throughout the whole country 
has been most distressing. One 
of the worst features of the whole 
business is that many persons are 
injured who are, in no wise, con- 
nected with cither party. 

Tt is estimated that the strike 
cost the interests affected nea/rly 
$2,500,000, for the first week, in 
shrinkage in business, extraordin- 
ary expenses and losses, and that 
over 350 persons were seriously in- 
jured and five killed. 

We are fully convinced that if 
this sort of thing is to be the main 
result of the formation of labor 

organizations the union has out- 
lived any usefulness it might ever 
have had. Such actions are bound, 
sooner or later, to cause the general 
public to lose sympathy with, and 
confidence in, the labor union. 

We also feel that the majority of 
union men are not in sympathy with 
such drastic measures as has been 
followed by the Chicago teamsters. 
In our mind one of the greatest de- 
fect of the labor unions is that they 
have not the right type of men as 
leaders. Many so-called leaders 
are practically nothing more or 
less than grafters in the game for 
all the benefits they can get for 
themselves without thought of the 
members. There are other leaders 
of the sound, solid, tactful type, and 
the unions headed by such men 
have made great progress and have 
resulted in much benefit to the 

Unless some decisive action is 
taken among unions and a stop put 
to the strikes that are forever crop- 
ping up throughout the country, 
based on the most trivial claims 
in many cases, we see a speedy end 
for the trade union, because the 
general public will, despite the 
fact that thev are slow to action. 

ip Beatty Bros. 

Including the well-known Provan Line 
of Hay Tools- Do not be mislead. 

We alone can furnish the original Provan 
goods, as we purchased both the patent 
rlqhts and the original patterns. 

Beware of handling imitations, as we 
will protect our patents. Mr. J. W. Provan 
has assigned to us the sole right to use 
his name in connection with Hay Carriers 
and I.itter Carriers. • 

We build a complete line of 


Our outfits have features of unusual 
merit Let us tell you about them. 

Beatty Bros. 




B double cam y |j ft v D D C C Q *?£fl!p&S?*l 
STEEL I f" I |1 U I r Ti r A A Simplest PRESS Made. < 

co** 0 Has an C 
Automatic £ 
Plunger Draw. | 


eventually become aroused and 
turn down the members of unions 
and publicly condemn such organi- 
zations. In many cases something 
is already being done along this 

Airmotors for France. 

The home office of the Ontario 
Wind Engine & Pump Co., of this 
city, has just received a rush or- 
der for two Canadian airmotor out- 
fits to go to Paris, France. In 
speaking of previous shipments, 
the company's agent in that coun- 
try states as follows: — 

"Have just finished erection of 
the '12 foot airmotor sent me last 
fall. This outfit is a remarkable 
one. Tt is on the shore of the 
Mediterranean Sea, at Monte Car- 
lo. It pumps water from a river 
and elevates it 180 feet to a dis- 
tance of 1,275 f eet - The result is 
magnificent and it is a complete 
success." The two present outfits 
go to Marseilles. 

R. J. McFarlane & Co., imple- 
ment dealers at Areola, Assa., have 
decided to expand their business. 
They will open up a branch store 
at Forget, Assa. We wish you 
luck, gentlemen. 

Mr. W. M. Stewart has com- 
menced in the implement and lum- 
ber business at McAuley, Assa. 
We wish him success and hope he 
won't overlook sending ini his sub- 
scription. Do it now. 

The Canadian Airmotor 


Pu m n« We nave just got out a spec- 
i-uiupa ja , , jne f orour western trade. 
If you want something extra good in a 
pump, send for our new Pump Catalogue. 

Stickney Gasoline Engines A &£E5 

better made. Send for our new Engine 
Catalogue— it tells all about them. 

The B. Bell & Son line of 
Horse and Tread Pow ers 

Feed Cutters. Land Rollers. Toronto ( 
Grain Grinders. Steel Saw Frames and 
Saws, Tanks in Wood and Steel. 


Vli'W'wXi't.iww'ifVii'ifVM'ii'ti'ii'i ||IWWWWWWNWWVWVWVVVVI<>tfWWWWVWWWV<tfVWIv£ 

M. J. MILLER, Canadian Representative. 

AND PUMP CO., Limited. 



May, 1905. 

A Neat Pamphlet. 

We have just received from the 
Manitoba Department of Agricul- 
ture a programme listing the meet- 
ings to be held under the auspices 
of the various local agricultural 
societies and farmers' institutes 
throughout the province between 
May 29th and June 15th. We 
understand that the Department 
has sent copies of this pamphlet 
to the various secretaries and the 
local newspapers and that they will 
be widely distributed through the 
different agricultural communities. 
The pamphlet is an exceedingly 
well executed piece of workman- 
ship, being beautifully printed on 
an excellent quality of paper. Nor 
is the information contained in it 
a whit behind the workmanship. 
It is comprehensive, concise and 
systematic, giving a list of the 
meetings, which have been ar- 
ranged in circuits, with the names 
of the speakers, the time and date 
of each meeting. It also contains 
a short biography of each speaker, 
illustrated with half-tones of the 
different gentlemen. We heartily 
congratulate the Department on 
this little work, and trust that the 
energy displayed by the Depart- 
ment will have the effect of awak- 

ening many of the societies from 
the lethargic condition into which 
they have fallen during the past 

few years. 

Advertising Sense. 

Good illustrations are always 

Put yourself in the place of your 

Originality is the spice and life 
01 advertising. 

Say little in your ads, but say 
that little well. 

Do not claim too much in your 
ad — stick to facts. 

Generally speaking, large space 
pays better than small. 

The best ads are those that have 
been boiled down several times. 

The McKie Buggy Co., of Platts- 
ville, Out., has decided to erect 
a factory at Hamilton, Ont., at a 
cost of about 1 1 0,000. 

A new concern for the manu- 
facture of motors, engines, tools, 
machinery, etc., has been incorpor- 
ated at Brockville, Out., with a 
capital of f.40,000. This concern 
will be known as the St. Lawrence 
Engine Co. 

What a Difference. 

"No man knows the value of 
discounts more than the merchant 
who has not the money to take 
advantage of them." 

Those words were spoken by 
one of the Northwest's most enter- 
prising retailers this week. 

This man has been working hard 
to get a start in the world. He 
began business with little money. 
All of the time he is busy figuring 
on how to meet his bills as they 
fall due. 

Not a question of discounts, but 
a question of being there with the 
money when the money is due. 

You know how it is. Some r 
times on hand, again asking for 
extensions. Then notes and inter- 

When will he be able to dis- 
count? That is the golden age so 
far ahead, to him. 

What a big difference between 
paying interest and taking your 
discounts. He knows it. He has 
figured it up many a time. He 
swears that if he ever reaches the 
discount realm nothing will ever 
dislodge him. 

Other merchants have said that 
and then as soon as they arrived 
at Discountville they proceeded to 

get into the mire again through 


Are you one of them? — Hard- 
ware Trade. 

The implement and harness busi- 
ness of Anderson & Auld, at Aber- 
nethy, Assa., has undergone a 
change. Partnership has been 
dissolved and the business will in 
future be carried on by Mr. Ander- 

On the first day of January, 
1912, the British Government will 
take over all the private telephone 
lines operating throughout the 
United Kingdom, making it a 
hranch of the postal service. The 
Government already has a private 
telephone service of its own. 

A delegation representing the 
woollen interests of the Dominion 
waited on the Government a short 
time ago and requested a re-ad- 
justment of the tariff with a view- 
to giving more protection to the 
Canadian industry. The delega- 
tion was met by the Minister of 
Customs and the Minister of 
Finance. After hearing many re- 
ports on the case the Government 
promised to give the matter con- 


I he Ruth Self Feeder 

RUTH FEEDERS Run Weil, They Wear Well, They 
Feed Well, They Sell Well, and They STAY SOLD 

Sectional View, showing Band Knives. Feeding Cylinder. 
Retaider and Threshing Cylinder." 

RUTH FEEDERS run quietly, and do not shake the 
Separator. They have no complicated attachments, 
and need no truss rods nor braces. 


Machines and Repairs in stock at Winnipeg. 

Feeder attached (o Thresher, sho'ving'cu'riei and Dividing Board tolded. 
f>nd manner of Belting. 


140 Princess Street, Winnipeg, Man. 


May, 1905. 



A Chance. 

While the inventive business in 
connection with farm machinery 
and implements appears to be 
pretty well looked after, it would 
still seem from the following item, 
in a recent issue of the Scientific 
American, that there is yet room 
for improvement. The writer of 
this item says: — 

"There are two things especially 
needed by the farmers of the wheat 
belt, of whom I am one. The first, 
and by far most important, is an 
automatic shocker attachment to 
our reaping machines ; the second 
is a practical traction engine adapt- 
ed to farm and road work in a 
country where the soil is loose and 

"As to the engine first: It 
should combine greater traction 
power than the average threshing 
engine, with minimum weight and 
water consumption. It should be 
very simple in construction, and 
built for hard, rough work. Pos- 
sibly such an engine is on the mar- 
ket, but 1 have seen nearly all the 
standard makes, and they do not 
fill the bill from the standpoint of 
the farmer seeking an efficient farm 
and road motor. 

"The automatic shocker is an 
urgent necessity. It is the one 

remaining thing needed to insure 
our harvests being gathered. 'Ho- 
bo' labor is costly and inefficient. 
The waste from poor shocking 
alone would annually amount on 
the average farm to the cost of 
such an appliance. It must, to be 
efficient, do the following things: 
(1) Hold, place, and discharge, 
standing and with heads well knit 
together, not less than seven or 
eight bundles. (2) Be absolutely 
under control of driver as to 
moment of discharge. (3) Not 
shell over-ripe grain. (4) Add 
not more than two-horse draft to 
the machine. (5) Be simple, 
strong, easily adjusted, and able to 
handle bundles made from lodged 
grain. (6) Be able to increase or 
decrease bundles in shock according 
to size, and general condition. 

"In my opinion such a shocker 
can he better adjusted to the header 
than to the binder type of reaping 
machines. A shock-forming table 
behind a header would allow of a 
lateral discharge of the finished 
shock without materially increasing 
the width of the machine. That 
type of machine, 12-foot cut, could 
be handled by eight horses and one 
man and would have a cutting 
capacity of about thirty acres 

In our opinion there are traction 
engines being manufactured to-day 
that will satisfactorily perform the 
work to which the writer of the 
above item refers. The matter of 
an automatic shocker attachment, 
that will deliver the grain in stand- 
ing shock, is yet to be perfected. 


Has been sold in the NorthwestTerritory for several years, long 
enough to demonstrate its superiority in all things necessary to 
a successful gang plow. 

The Beams are Extra Heavy for hard service. 

The Kurrow Wheels have wide tires and enclosed dust-proof, 
hub boxes with large oil chambers. 

The Front Wheel is 24 inches high and runs easy. 

The Jones Patent Connectinp; is the best device on the mar- 
ket for controlling the rear wheel. 

The Jones Foot Lift is out of sight, it lifts so easy. 

The Gas hardened Concave Face Plow Bottoms are the spe- 
cial feature — guaranteed to scour and will wear 50 per cent, 
longer than any other plow. Why? Because the mouldboards 
are triple bhin and the shares are double shin. 

FROST & WOOD CO., General Agents, 


J. THOMPSON & SONS MFG. CO., Beloit, Wis., U.S.A. 

Machines Should "Stay Sold.' 

While going over an exchange 
recently we came across the follow- 
ing clause: — "It is of greater im- 
portance to the dealer than to the 
manufacturer that every machine 
he (the dealer) sells 'stays sold.' " 

In order to carry the idea ex- 
pressed further we would say that 
it is essential to the dealer's success 
to see that the machine or imple- 
ment is in perfect adjustment for 
satisfactory work when it leaves 
his warehouse. Nothing is more 
exasperating to a buyer than to find 
that a new tool fails to do the work 
in the most satisfactory manner. 
It is of great importance to the 
dealer if he is able to demonstrate 
the efficiency of a machine in his 
own place of business without cal- 
ling in the aid of an expert em- 
ployed by the manufacturer. 

The dealer who allows a farmer 
to return a machine that he, the 

farmer, condemns, is doing himself 
a bad turn. Many machines are 
brought back on the slightest pre- 
text. Such cases become known 
among probable buyers with the 
result that the dealer's business is 
bound to suffer. Owing to the fact 
that the dealer has only a limited 
territory in which to work while 
the manufacturer can operate all 
over the country, it is most essen- 
tial that the dealer sees that all 
claims made by farmers, regarding 
incapable or unfit machines, are 
just. The dealer that habitually 
allows machines to be returned 
simply because the purchaser 
claims that they are not what they 
ought to be, loses sales and gains 
for himself the reputation of selling 
unsatisfactory goods. When this 
sort of thing occurs it makes very 
little difference to the manufac- 
turer. While his sales may be 
affected in the dealer's community 
it is not injured elsewhere, and be 
has a large field for expansion. 

Farmers do not appreciate a ma- 
chine that requires the services of 
an expert in order to perform 
satisfactory work. The dealer 
who can demonstrate his ability to 
locate and remedy anything that 
may be wrong with the machine, 
is the sort of man that indues the 



Is the machine the fanners of the West have come to know and 
like so well. There's a very good reason for it too — ask them 
and they will tell you why. 

F. & W. No. 8 
cuts 5 It.. 6 It., 
and 7 II. 

The No. 8 is built on scientific principles — made to wear and give 
satisfaction. No ground is too rough or too hilly for it to do 
good work. 



It will pay you to see our line before placing your orders. 
Send for our illustrated catalogue describing our full line. 

Head Office and Works : 







May, 1905. 

farmer with confidence and causes 
him to consider that he has come 
to a man that knows his business. 

Many complaints of inefficiency, 
of failure to "work" have no prac- 
tical foundation. The most of these 
complaints are due to faulty adjust- 
ment that should be plain to the 
dealer who knows how to operate 
the machine he sells. Many imple- 
ments are condemned simply be- 
cause of loose screws, missing nuts, 
etc. When a dealer has to call in 
an expert to make repairs the buyer 
generally has misgivings regarding 
the future working of the machine, 
whereas when the buyer sees the 
dealer fix it up the matter loses its 
serious aspect. He is a wise deal- 
er who knows how to put in perfect 
adjustment every machine or im- 
plement he sells. 

Dangerous Experiments. 

"Australia has made two unfor- 
tunate ventures in transplanting 
wild life from the British Isles. 
The first mistake was made in the 
introduction of the English rabbit, 
and it has entailed an economic 
loss of serious proportions. Fenc- 
ing and other preventive measures 
have entailed heavy outlays which 
would otherwise have been un- 
necessary. The direct loss through 
the destruction of crops has been 
a continuous burden in many 
localities. Rewards have been of- 
fered for the destruction of the 

pests, and there has been as yet 
no prospect of permanent relief. 
A similar though as ye't less seri- 
ous mistake has been made in the 
introduction of the English sparrow 
into Canada and the United States. 
The climatic and other features of 
this country have produced a 
change in this bird's habits, and 
it threatens to become a serious 
menace to grain crops in some 
localities. In cities the sparrows 
are nothing worse than a nuisance, 
and an enemy of the song birds. 
These are by no means trifling- 
charges, but in the suburbs and 
farming districts there is the more 
serious infliction of destructive in- 
roads on grain. 

"These striking illustrations of 
the uncertainty attending any in- 
terference with the balance of 
forces established by nature in the 
animal kingdom did not dissuade 
the Australians from another ven- 
ture of a similar nature — the intro- 
duction of the English starling. 
This bird was a destroyer of in- 
sects at home, and it was hoped 
it would serve the same useful pur- 
pose in the island continent, 
where many trees were injured and 
killed by insect pests. But all the 
favorable expectations met disap- 
pointment. The birds multiplied 
at a rate impossible in the British 
climate. They met the exigencies 
of their new situation by turning 
from an insect to a vegetable diet, 

and have become pests far more 
destructive than the insects they 
were expected to destroy. They 
go about in large flocks, and com- 
pletely destroy many promising 
crops of fruit. Their ravages in 
the orchards have caused many 
appeals to the Government for pro- 
tective measures. 

"In these experiences there may 
be a warning against interfering 
with the natural course of more 
important migrations. When there 
was no interference with the move- 
ment of population from Europe 
to America the best and most self- 
reliant among the people of the old 
country came to make homes in 
the new. The movement was ad- 
vantageous to this country, and it 
left European nations to deal with 
the problems they were creating. 
When the plan of assisting emi- 
gration was adopted it made a 
complete change. Instead of the 
most self-reliant, the most depend- 
ent and impecunious were moved 
from Europe to America, and it is 
questionable if that can be ulti- 
mately beneficial to either country. 
It is a disturbance "of the natural 
balance of forces, and in a meas- 
ure corresponds to the introduc- 
tion of untried species among the 
lower orders of creation. The 
Europeans so eagerly hurried into 
this country may become politi- 
cally acclimatized, and they may 
not. Our neighbors have felt the 
necessity of stringent exclusion 
laws, and it may be well for us 
to consider the wisdom of profit- 
ing by their experience." 

The above excellent article ap- 
peared in the editorial columns of 

the "Globe" recently. The sub- 
ject dealt with in the concluding 
paragraph is a most important one 
to Canada, and particularly to 
Western Canada. It is to this 
country that practically all the said 
"dependent and impecunious" of 
Europe are brought. While it is 
true that this new West is in ur- 
gent need of men, we hold that 
men of an agricultural turn of 
mind are what are required for the 
utmost and best development of 
the country, and we cannot see the 
benefit to be derived from the 
wholesale importation of the riff- 
raff of Europe, and especially 
Southern Europe. In our opinion, 
the Government should follow the 
example of the United States and 
insist that immigrants come up to 
a certain standard before they are 
allowed entry into the country. 
The subject is a timely one and 
worthy of much thought. 

Halifax Next. 

Following the Dominion Exhibi- 
tion at New Westminster, B.C., the 
Dominion Government has decided 
that the next exhibition shall be 
held in Halifax, N.S., in 1906. To 
this exhibition the Government will 
make the usual grant of $50,000. 
Already Halifax Exhibition is 
looked upon as one of the most 
progressive in Eastern Canada and 
the Commission in charge have de- 
cided to spare no efforts in making 
their Dominion Fair equal, if not 
superior, to any hitherto held in 
Canada. They have decided to 
raise a large fund in addition to 
that provided by the Government. 

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W+'S/f a ♦ a ; -f g-f a-f a-f a -f a -f a> s+.s -f a ♦ 


Card Index Systems 





Method which Classifies Important Business Facts 
Presenting them in Detached Form for Inspection. 

THE methods our Grand- 
fathers used will not win 
business success to-day. 
This fact is more sharply empha- 
sized each day the world grows 
older. Modern business com- 
petition demonstrates' nothing 
more clearly than the necessity 
of complete classified informa- 
tion regarding matters of detail. 


Roll Top Desks, Standing Desks and 
Office Furniture Of All Kinds. 

Office Specialty Mfg. Co., Ltd. 










♦ § -fa f :a f a f a f a f a f a -f a -fa -f a-f [a fa -fa ♦ a -fa -fa fa-fa -f a -fa -f a + a + a -f a f a 

May, 1905. 



The Coming " Catalogue House." 

In the past the implement and 
vehicle dealers of Western Canada 
have had very little chance to 
come in contact with competition 
from what is termed the "catalogue 
house." This, of course, is prin- 
cipally due to the fact that there 
have been no large departmental 
stores in this western country de- 
voting any attention to this busi- 
ness. Heretofore, the large stores 
of the West that handle various 
stocks have been willing to "live 
and let live," as far as the imple- 
ment business was concerned. 

This state of affairs cannot be 
expected to exist much longer, 
now that one of the largest mail- 
order houses in Canada intends 
to open up a magnificent store in 
this city in a short time. There 
is scarcely any doubt but this 
concern will make a strong bid 
for a share of the agricultural im- 
plement and vehicle business of 
this country, through the whole- 
sale distribution of catalogues 
among the farmers. 

In the United States the opera- 
tion of the mail-order business has 
resulted in great losses to the im- 
plement dealers of that country. 
There the conditions are such 

that almost every implement deal- 
er has felt the effects of competi- 
tion with the "catalogue house." 
These concerns place their cata- 
logues in the hands of every farm- 
er, who on turning to the imple- 
ment and vehicle section, finds 
prices quoted away below those 
of the local dealer. The result 
is that the farmer thinks the local 
dealer is making too great a profit 
and sends his order, accompanied 
by the cash, to the mail-order 
house. In return he gets an article, 
well finished, perhaps, but as a rule 
entirely wanting in qualities that 
go to make a lasting and satis- 
factory article. In this case the 
farmer has no means of redress. 
The "catalogue house" has his 
money and they delivered an article 
in return; such as they consider 
is worth the amount they received. 
When the farmer purchases from 
the dealer, he has the means in 
his own hands of securing redress 
if the machine or vehicle does not 
conic up to the qualifications speci- 
fied at the time of purchase. No 
dealer can afford, and stay in the 
business:, to sell unsatisfactory 

Dealers in Western Canada 
should do everything to restrict 

the advance of the mail-order 
business. It is yet in its infancy 
here and we have the example set 
by catalogue houses to the south 
on which to build our inferences 
as to what size the "catalogue 
house" may grow, providing it 
once gets a firm foothold. It is 
a parasite on legitimate business. 
In building itself up, it tears down 
the established industries of a 
country. It takes the money out 
of the district and gives only a 
practically worthless article in re- 
turn. Any dealer can meet the 
competition of the "catalogue 
house," providing the farmer or 
purchaser has sense and is open 
to conviction. Hitherto there has 
been little attention given to this 
matter by the implement dealers 
in this country. In view of the 
conditions cited above, it is time 
for a change. The strong associ- 
ations formed across the border 
have been the means of restricting 
the business of the "catalogue 
house" to a considerable degree. 
It is essential that the dealers of 
this country work along the same 

There are many rough places in 
business that you can help smooth. 


For ten months ending April 
30th, the sum of $941,007 was paid 
out in bounties on iron and steel; 
on lead, 1407,165; on crude petrol- 
eum, $243,148, and on binder twine, 
$9,167. For the same period of 
1904 the iron and steel bounties 
amounted to $679,322, so that the 
payments for this year show an 
increase of $271,685. 

Times are good. If they are not 
as profitable as you would like 
them, remember they might be 


We are the only firm to Western Canada 
devoting our whole time and attention to the 
Gasoline Engine business. We carry in stock 
Dry Batteries, Wet Batteries, Spark 
Coils, Wire, Switches, Gas Engine 
Cylinder Oil, " Mobile;. e" Packing, 
which is wire woven and does not have to 
be renewed every time you break a joint. 

We have a full line of Sparkers on hand. 
They do away with the use of Batteries on 
small engines and save the life of them on 
large engines. 

Cooper Gasoline Engine Co. 

313 Donald Street, Winnipeg 



Not only appreciate a good thing but they know a good thing as well. That is how it comes that several times as many JOHN DEERE 
PLOWS (the highest grade steel plows made in America, or anywhere else) are sold to Canadian farmers by Canadian dealers as of any 
other high-grade steel plows of any other manufacture. The duty cuts no figure when a man wants the best and is willing to pay for it. 

Walking Plows, for all purposes ; Riding Plows, single and in gangs, for Horse 
and steam power ; Disc Plows, single and In gangs, for horse or steam power. 

For Sale by the Best Dealers in Canada. Mauu fact u red by 

DEERE <fc COMPANY, Mo/me, III., U.S.A. 




May, 1905. 

One Man's Views. 

A. P. McMillan, of Conde, S.D., 
is a merchant who has had large 
experience in insurance matters, 
and he says he is heartily in favor 
of mutual insurance. He gives his 
reasons as follows : 

"First — Because they save me 

"Second — Because they are fair 
in adjusting the merchant's loss. 

"Third — Because they are nearly 
all home institutions, and all money 
paid to them is distributed through- 
out to those residing in our own 

"When the Redfield Mutual first 
started 1 was one of the first mer- 
chants in the country that took out 
insurance. At that time the old 
line rate was $6.00 per hundred 
dollars, and the mutual took the 
same rate, hut instead of paying 
all the premium as we did in the 
old line companies, we paid but 
one half cash and gave our note 
for the balance. During all these 
years, I think we were assessed on 
this note 50 to 80 per cent, at dif- 
ferent times. So you see this has 
been a saving to me of nearly one- 
half from the old line rate. But 
shortly after the mutuals got a 
good foothold the old line compan- 
ies began to cut the rate. This 
was follow I'd up by the mutuals, 
and my rate was reduced to $3.50. 

"As I had but little money 1 
stuck to the mutuals and dropped 
tin- old line entirely. For several 
years I have held policies in nearly 
every mutual of this state, and 1 
am certain they have saved me 
during these years over $1,000. 


"Several years ago I had what 
might have been a very bad fire, 
but owing to the fact that it was 
discovered before much damage 
was done, I was at once allowed 
all that I was entitled to, without 
any hesitancy on the adjuster's 
part whatever. So as before, I 
am a hearty supporter of the mut- 
ual companies, and heartily recom- 
mend them to all business men. 

"This last year I was raised 
from $3.50 to $4.50 per hundred, 
as this is the rate of premium as 
fixed by the board of underwriters. 
So it can be seen that the mutual 
companies have saved me from 
$100 to $150 a year during these 
years of their existence. I believe 
every business man should keep 
well insured in the mutual com- 
panies, as they are nearly one-half 
cheaper than the old line compan- 
ies, and certainlv need our heart v 

support. I would urge my brother 
merchants to stick to the mutual 
companies, for if we do not it is 
certain they must go out of busi- 
ness soon, and then the old line 
companies will raise our rates and 
use us just as they see fit. 

"There is much to be said about 
mutual insurance, and it seems to 
me all merchants and business men 
should be much interested in this 
subject, as it is one of the expen- 
ditures that draws very heavily 
out of our yearly profits, with no 
value received, only in our knowing 
that, should we have a loss by fire, 
we can get this loss made good, 
should we be insured in a good, 
responsible company. We are at 
present paying in this state two- 
thirds of the premium in cash, but 
i believe we should pay all in cash 
and thereby save the company 
sonic losses and expenses that now 
occasionally occur. Of course, 
then, as now, all the premiums not 
used will be paid back to us. 


"We as business men should see 
that every company wherein we 
have insurance is conducted and 
managed by good, honest, energctic 
men that are not merely working 
for their salary but are laboring for 
our mutual interest as well. W ith 
these honest efforts put forth, 1 
believe the rate throughout the 
state can be reduced, and this 
means much to those that earn' in- 
surance. So stick to the mutual 
companies. It is our only relief." 

— "Hardware Trade." 

The Marine Engine is Alive. 

All good old chiefs love their 
engines and come to believe in 
them. To all of us assistants and 
'prentices they were not the mere 
machines that they appear to the 
outsider, but quite human. Every 
noise they made, every motion, 
every trick they had we knew and 
had the reason for it. Kipling 
speaks of the marine engine as the 
most sensitive thing man ever in- 
vented. There's a sort of cold, 
lifeless, though admirable, preci- 
sion in a telescope and a fine regard 
for details in a phonograph, but 
the marine engine is alive ; it strains 
and labors desperately, it groans 
with rheumatism in its joints, 
screams with the pain of tight 
bearings, staggers and plunges 
against the oncoming seas, gets out 
of breath and runs away with itself, 
trembling like a frightened horse. 

June 4 







JUNE 4th 



A Magnificent New Train — Comfortable, Attractive Equipment — consisting of 


CONNECTIONS AT PORT ARTHUR with steamers of the Northern Navigation Co., 
Canadian Pacific Line, Booth Line, and Canadian Pacific Railway TO and FROM all points 

In the EAST. Detailed schedule will )>e announced shortly. 




Baggage bonded through to Canadian points, no customs inspection. 

Thoroughly Modern Equipment. 

Train leaves C.P.Ry. Depot 2.25 p.m. daily. 
Train leaves C.N Ry. Depot 5.20 p.m. dally. 
R. J. SMITH. D. F. & P. A. # D. T. CUMMINGS, Ticket Agent. 

F. I. WHITNEY, G. P. & T. A.. St. Paul. Minn. 

it a a a 5* « :: :t z ku :: :: :: :: :: :: j: :::::::: s r. n x :: xti a s^g,K kJCk aJSgSftM^SlS-" * 

m " ' - - - „ 




Europe, Australia, 


- , y 












Ticket Offick. 341 Main Strekt. 
Telephone :: 1446. 

Pullman Slf. epers. All Equipment Fust-Class. 

For Reservation of Berths and Tickets, apply to 
&] ' » 
M R. CREELMAN, Ticket Agent! 341 MAIN ST., WINNIPEG. 

| H. SWINFORD, General Agent 1 PHONE 1446. 

m . _ 

jtlllllllOaiS^ ? " 

May, 1905. 



Gasoline Engines 



I. H. C. Gasoline Engines are 
easy to operate and require little 
attention. They are economical 
because oi the low consumption 
ot tuel, together with their simplic- 
ity in construction and great dur- 
ability. These Engines have 
given thorough satistaction wher- 
ever they have been introduced. 


I. H. C. Engines are made in two 
styles, Horizontal and Vertical, 
and in various sizes ranging trom 
2 to 15 horse power. The horizon- 
tal is supplied either as a station- 
ary or portable engine. I. H. C. 
engines are especially designed 
for use by farmers and dairymen, 
as well as by threshermen and 
mill owners. 

HORIZONTAL STATIONARY 6, 8, 10, 12 and 15 horse power 
HORIZONTAL PORTABLE— 6, 8, 10, 12 and 15 horse power 
VERTICAL! STATIONARY — 2, 3 and 5 horse power 

They are the Engines 
for the dealer to 
handle, because they 
are unquestionably 
the best G a so 1 i n e 
Engines on the market 

Canadian Branch Houses : 

Calgary, N. VV. T. 
Regina, N. W. T. 
Winnipeg, Man. 
London, Ont. 
Montreal, Que. 
Ottawa, Can. 
St. John, N. B. 
Toronto, Ont. 

International Harvester Company of America 





May, 1905. 

The Maw-Hancock Disc Plows 

Our Other I.ines : 

Otds and Winton 

Lome Wagons, Grain 
Grinders, Bissell Disc 
Harrows, Wood Saws 
and Pumps. 

in One, Two, Three and Four Furrow. Always clean. 
Are easy on the horses, and w ork at times when no 

other Plows 
-fijAi^) will. They 
are the best 
back -setting 
p l o w s 'o n 

W E H A V E 


in ever}' style, and can supply you on short notice. 

JOS. MAW & CO., Limited 

Market Square, 
Winnipeg, Man. 





JULY 20 = 28th 



In Prizes and Attractions 

Prize Lists and Attractions Programmes 
mailed on application. Reduced fares on 

all railways. Seven Days' Racing. 
F. W. DREWRY, PRES. R. J. HUCHES, Sec.-Treas. 

MusnicifWklities as&d Coiattrsictlors 


Will find it to their advantage to write us for Prices 
on Road Graders and Scrapers. We carry in stock a 
full line of 





If you require a 

Pire or 
Burglar Proof 



write us for prices and catalogue. We 
can quote you prices that will interest 


W. Johnston & Co., Ltd. 

776 Mam St., WINNIPEG, Man. 

7 7: 

Now is the Time to Sell a 


Gasoline Launch 

"We can Supply Them." 

Our prices are lower and discounts higher than have ever before 
been quoted in our territory. Lengths 16ft. to 22ft. carried in stock 

[Sole Western Canadian Agents|for 
^the Celebrated 


We have the most modern and up-to-date repair shop in Canada ; 
LAUNCH and SKATE repairing. 

Write us for territory and prices. 


Granite Automobile Garage 


Vol. I, No. 6. 


Fifty Cents Per Year Single Copies 
Postage Paid Anywhere. Fhe Cents. 

Just Out! 





Sole Dealer Western Canada 

Note — We have a large stock 
of Second-hand Machines for 
Sale or Rent — Remingtons, 
Smith Premiers, Underwoods. 
Olivers and Empires. These 
machines are all in good order, 
some as good as new. 

W. J. ARNOTT, 4-04 Mclntyre Block, WINNIPEG, MAN. 


Established 1849 Capital and Surplus $1,500,000 

Offices throughout the civilized world. Correspondence Invited. 


OFFICES IN CANADA— Halifax, N S.. Montreal, Que., St. John, N.B . Hamilton, Ont., 

Ottawa, Ont., Toronto, Ont., London, Out., Quebec, Que , Vancouver, B C. 
C. G. SCHAFFTER, Superintendent, Union Bank Bldg., WINNIPEG, MAN. 


Good Harness 

And for this write to 

The Great West Saddlery Co. 

Winnipeg, Man., or Calgary, Alta., for their latest Illustrated Catalogue. 




Better write us about Grand Detour Farm 
Trucks. They are the best we have seen 
and the prices are right. 

No one can give you a better deal." 

Mr. Dealer 

is your best advertisement. 


And HE WILL COME BACK satisfied. 


120 LOMBARD ST., WINNIPEG phone 1980 

P.O. BOX 703. 



Building Materials of every Description in 



Tell us all about your requirements 
and ask for our 1905 Catalog. 


246 Princess Street 

Winnipeg, Man. 


June, 1905. 







Agricultural Implements, Carriages, Wagons, Sleighs, Windmills, etc. 


Dealers : 

We can supply you with a full line, and Goods that are unsurpassed in quality, 
scattering your trade, you are at a disadvantage if you do. 

There is no object in 

1905 Improved Jewel Gang Plow 

We show here a cut of our new improved Gang, which 
we are introducing to the Western trade this season. This 
Plow has been thoroughly tested and tried, and there is not 
a single experimental feature on the entire plow. 

FRAME — The frame is made of Channel Steel, U in. 
by 2 L A in. and strongly bolted at the corners. 

BOTTOMS— Our new series of Y Bottoms turn a nice 
furrow, and have proved themselves exceptionally good 
cleaners in very sticky soil. 

MALLEABLE STANDARD — A strong malleable frog is used 
for attaching the bottom to the beam, which adds great 
strength to this part of the plow. 

WHEELS The Wheels are strong and are fitted with 
our new 1000-mile Dust Proof Wheel Boxing. 

FOOT. LI FT — We have adopted a new Foot-Lift, which raises the plow with ease. In a word the Jewel has more strong 
points than any other Gang on the market. It is made with 12 and 14 in. bottoms. 



This is our latest light riding Gang, and one that will 
meet every requirement. The furrow and rear wheels are 
connected and controlled from the pole. The levers are all 
within easy reach of the operator. It is extremely light in 
draft and strongly built, and is fitted with Patent Dust Proof 
Wheels. The land wheel is extra large and set well out from 
the plow, which makes the plow run steadier and easier. 

We also build it with Adjustable Beams, which can be 
quickly set for wide or narrow work. 

Breaker Bottoms supplied if desired. 

Write for Catalogue and Prices. It will pay you to see us before you contract 


Vol. I, No. 6. 


Regarding Co-operation. 

There is probably no scheme sub- 
mitted to the consideration of farm- 
ers that appears more alluring than 
that of co-operation, and there is 
probably no proposition that has 
more disastrous results. While it 
is true that no individual farmer 
suffers great loss through the pur- 
chase of shares in schemes of this 
sort, owing to the fact that, as a 
rule, from $10 to $100 usually 
represents individual investments, 
still the loss to the farmers, collec- 
tively by each of these schemes, 
generally amounts to thousands of 

The entire history of the co-oper- 
ative scheme is one of failure, be- 
cause in our opinion, the principle 
upon which such companies are 
formed is unsound, for the reason 
that their formation contemplates 
the sale of their product or pro- 
ducts at a reduction from the nor- 
mal price. The merits of such 
companies are usually looked after 
by smooth, oily-tongued, eloquent 
individuals, who dexterously use 
the lever of reduced price to hoist 
the hard earned dollars from the 
pockets of the farmers into the cof- 
fers of the company. 

In the announcements and cata- 
logues issued by co-operative com- 
panies one of the strongest pleas 
put forward, in order to entice 
farmers to invest their earnings, is 
that they (the farmers) will be able 
to purchase their machinery, imple- 
ments and vehicles from their "own 
factories." We do not know of a 
single co-operative concern, opera- 
ating in America, that manufac- 
tures a complete line of agricul- 
tural implements and vehicles. 
Elsewhere we reproduce an article 
which fully shows the usual meth- 
ods pursued by many of these con- 
cerns in this regard. 

In the two concluding para- 
graphs of the above mentioned ar- 
ticle we are brought face to face 
with the question of the manufac- 
turer supplying both the legitimate 
trade and the co-operative compan- 
ies. It is our opinion that no man- 
ufacturer can afford to engage in 

this business and expect to retain 
the dealer's trade. By catering to 
the co-operative concerns manufac- 
turers practically place themselves 
on the same plane as those who sell 
to the "catalogue house." They 
are not deserving of any considera- 
tion at the hands of the implement 
dealers of the country. 

How any manufacturers can en- 
gage in this "double dealing" 
style of business is something that 
we are unable to fathom, in view 
of the fact that they must be aware 
that by carrying on this class of 
trade they are taking a step that is 
bound, sooner or later, to have an 
injurious effect, not only on their 
own businesses, but also on that 
of the local dealers. Canadian 
Farm Implements is firmly con- 
vinced that this style of business 
is detrimental to the trade gener- 
ally, and will have no hesitancy in 
publicly naming any concern whom 
we may know is engaged in this 
business hereafter. 

In order to show the method pur- 
sued by some of these concerns in 
order to secure business and share- 
holders, wc give hereunder two 
quotations taken from an adver- 
tisement of a co-operative concern 
operating in Canada. 

"Farmers act intelligently, fight 
shy of, as you would the very 
devil, and drive from your homes 
newspapers or men that undertake 
to say one word against co-opera- 
tion, and co-operative institutions." 

"Look out for traitors who are 
prepared to act, with all the wicked- 
ness and low-bred instinct in them, 
as paid hirelings of the opposi- 
tion who would sell co-operation 
and the very best of us into the 
hands of the enemy remorsefully 
as Judas did our Saviour for thirty 
pieces of silver. Canada and the 
United States are the home of 
monopoly and combine." 

This, to our mind, is rot 
of the rankest kind. We unlucky 
individuals, who own to hold a 
different opinion from those who 
instigated the publication of the ad- 
vertisement from which these ex- 
cerpts were taken, have very little 
to boast of in the way of character, 

according to these items. However, 
"the very best of us" mentioned in 
the latter quotation, are liable to 
error, as is amply demonstrated by 
the wrong use of the word "re- 
morsefully" also used in the last 
paragraph of the quotation. It is 
our opinion that the word "re- 
morselessly" would have been bet- 
ter chosen, because it would be 
with anything but sorrow that we 
would endeavor to clear the wool 
from the eyes of the farmer or 
dealer, who asks our advice in this 
regard. This sort of advertising we 
have never run in contact with be- 
fore, and all we need say in connec- 
tion with it is that it is a disgrace, 
not only to the writer, but also to 
the company he represents. 

Some Pointed Extracts. 

The following are a few extracts 
from an address on "The Relation 
of the Jobber and Wholesaler to 
the Local Dealer," delivered by the 
Hon. W. J. Dean, of Minneapolis, 
Minn., a well-known implement 
man, before the North Dakota and 
North Western Minnesota Imple- 
ment Dealers' Association, at Far- 
go, N.D., early in February. 

"The local dealer who conserves 
the best interests of his business for 
himself and his customers, will buy 
his goods from the jobber. Why 
should he do so? Because it is 
better for him to buy his stock from 
one concern than to buy from 
many. When a dealer buys a full 
line his trade is valued more than 
if he only buys, for instance, wag- 
ons or plows, and the jobber is not 
represented with his other goods 
in the town. It is better for the 
local dealer to have only a few 
creditors than many. If the crops 
are late and his collections are slow, 
and perhaps he is able to pay only 
part of his creditors promptly as 
his accounts mature, and some are 
getting their money while others 
are not, the latter are very uneasy 
and feel that they are not getting 
their share. Then when a dealer 
asks for an extension of time on 
his account of notes (I have heard 
of some dealers in the Northwest 

who are not always able to pay 
their notes when due, and had to 
ask for an extension) the creditors 
may not feel like granting the re- 
quest, because the other creditors 
have been paid On the other hand, 
if the dealer trades nearly alto- 
gether with one or two houses, they 
will feel quite different about it." 

"It is not the cheapest goods that 
are the best for the dealer to buy, 
unless he intends to stay in the 
trade for only a short time, and he 
wishes to make all the money out 
of it he can ; but most men in this 
line have been in it for years and 
expect to remain in it; and they 
should buy the best make of stan- 
dard implements, as in this way 
they will build up a good trade that 
will continue. If you sell an ar- 
ticle that satisfies the purchaser you 
have secured his good will, even if 
he has paid you a good price for 
it; while a poor article rarely satis- 
fies the purchaser, even though he 
may know he has bought it cheap. 
If it pleases him and he wants 
something else in your line he will 
be sure and call and see you before 
he goes and buys elsewhere, because 
he is satisfied with what you have 
sold him before, and you have not 
only made a customer and a friend, 
but he will advertise his good pur- 
chase to others." 

"In a long experience, I have 
never practiced running down other 
people's goods, and I recommend 
this policy to all dealers. Some 
years ago, when I was selling bind- 
ers at retail, a farmer came in and 
said, 'Dean, tell me all the bad 
points in regard to a competitor's 
binder.' I told him that I was not 
in that business and that he would 
have to buy that machine to find 
out what was defective or poor 
about it. I also said that I could 
tell him the good points about my 
own machine, and used this illus- 
tration: 'If I had a pot of black- 
paint and should spend the next 
half hour painting your face over 
with that black paint, it would not 
make my face or hands any whiter, 
and the chances are that I might 
get some of it on myself.' And for 
that reason I never run down other 



June, 1905. 

makes of goods. I sold him my 
binder, and have practiced that rule 
ever since. I probahly know some- 
thing about the good points of other 
machines, as well as my own, and 
know their defects also; but it is 
not necessary to tell them. There 
is plenty of room in this world for 
us all to live and do business, and 
I have no ill feeling against any 
other man doing a successful busi- 
ness, unless he misrepresents his 
goods to his customers ; and that in 
time ruins any man's trade, whether 
he is a local dealer or a jobber. Let 
a man have the name of being un- 
truthful, and it will soon travel all 
over the country. Some years ago 
I was in Massachusetts, and during 
a conversation with a manufac- 
turer, he said that he had dealt 
with a good many people, but that 
we had one man in Minnesota that 
lie thought was as mean a man to 
deal with as he had ever come 
across. I replied that I thought I 
could name his party, and did so. 
He was a man well fixed, probably 
worth a hundred thousand ; still he 
had that reputation, so money does 
not make character for a man." 

"I think that these gatherings of 
local dealers, and talking things 
over, is a good thing. Also, the 
local dealers in the same town 
would do well to get together in the 
same way, and try to build up the 
business of the town." 

"Another thing, when a party 
comes in and tells you he can buy 
goods from your competitor at bet- 
ter prices than you are offering, do 
not always take his word for it. 
We have found this to be true also 
with the local dealers ; they will not 
tell all the truth in regard to such 
things, or are sometimes misin- 
formed in regard to goods they are' 
buying. These gatherings make 
vour interests mutual ; and while I 
do not believe in making a schedule 
of prices or in combinations, at the 
same time, a man ought to make a 
living profit in making sales." 

"The implement business cannot 
be done on as small a margin as 
some other lines, for the reason that 
your goods have- to be carried from 
year to year ; they are bulky, and 
take a good deal of storage and in- 
surance ; and you can only turn 
them around about once in a year, 
and therefore you need to make a 
good margin. The dealer who sells 
his goods at fair margins is looked 
on with a good deal more favor by 
* the trade than the man who is sel- 
ling at cost, because that only means 
it will be but a short time until he 
is out of the business and somone 
will not get paid for their stock." 

"By comparing your ideas with 
your competitor, talking over your 
prices and being friendly with each 
other, you can save much in not 
making poor sales and by getting 
lair prices for your goods. You 
may say this cannot be done in your 
town with the competition you 
have ; but try it on ; the other fel- 
low may think the same of you, and 
a little advance made by you may 
be the means of your coming to 
more pleasant relations and better 

Gasoline Engines in China. 

Labor is so cheap in China and 
the cost of installing a power plant 
is comparatively so much that there 
is reluctance on the part of Chinese 
manufacturers to introduce power, 
even where it is evident that tfhey 
could do so with considerable sav- 
ing of labor, and eventually of 
money. Under the present cheap 
labor system of doing things there 
is no outlay for high priced ma- 
chinery, and the result is that if for 
any reason an establishment is shut 
down there is no loss to follow the 
idleness of money invested in . a 
power plant. 

The "fling shuey," or doctrine of 
the "wind spirit," and "good luck" 

has also a direct bearing upon the 
situation. It is believed that tall 
smokestacks and high buildings 
will interfere with this "wind 
spirit" and bring bad luck, and it 
is safe to say that no ordinary at- 
tractions of investments will lead 
the average Chinese business man 
into doing anything to conflict with 
his belief. 

There is a growing conviction 
of the advantage of power plants 
in the larger concerns, and the 
number of mills with fair grade 
power plants is increasing. It 
will be only a matter of a short 
time until the smaller manufactur- 
ers come to appreciate the need of 
power, and when that time comes 
there will be a field for gasoline en- 
gines almost beyond conception in 
its scope. As in the United States, 
there will be many cases and places 
where steam power will be prefer- 
able, but there are already many 
chances for the introduction of 
gasoline or naphtha power. Such 
engines are put out cheaply, and 
can be made cheaply and strongly 
enough to meet the requirements 
of a market where there is an abso- 
lute lack of knowledge of such 
machinery and its practical opera- 

American manufacturers must | 

remember in this connection that 
while they have the advantage at 
the present time there is reason to 
believe that before long they will 
have to fight for this trade with 
every weapon known to the modern 
business world. Already Japanese 
manufacturers are commencing to 
make some machinery of this sort, 
and while it lacks the merit of the 
American product, and will always 
be more or less behind the latter, it 
by no means follows that it will not 
be readily accepted in China. The 
Japanese have iron, coal, and other 
raw materials and industrial neces- 
sities. They have American and 
European trained experts, and they 
have labor so cheap that American 
competition on a labor basis is im- 
possible. It behooves American 
manufacturers to get into the mar- 
ket in China with machinery of 
all kinds if they expect to hold these 
markets in the future. 

The power machinery for most 
mills in this portion of China is 
from England and Scotland. As a 
rule, the mills have been established 
with English capital or under 
English auspices, and naturally, 
the machinery has been bought 
in the United Kingdom. At 
the present time, other things being 
equal, American power is likely to 


Only the best dealers in Canada can sell Canada's best 


They appeal only to people of taste and good judgment. They are sold by people who cater to 
the best trade, and who are in a position, financially, to control the best. We are exclusively 
wholesale. We deal through the trade. Once we contract, you will find us cast iron when it 

comes to protecting your trade. 

o o I Our Plant is located in the West. Prompt delivery. 
** '-K »- Cheap and Quick Repairs. 

The famous 


known for excell- 
ance all over the 
entire West. 




The most scientifically designed Mill the 
world has yet produced. 

We manufacture the Daisy Hayes Double Cylinder Force Pump in Black and Galvanized 

Literature and prices sent anvwhere upon request. Send for it and you 
will soon be convinced that the MANITOBA'S are the MONARCH'S, and 
that there is monev in our lines for vou. 

Manitoba Windmill and Pump 

Box 301 

Company, Limited KanufMrs 


• • ... 


No water tanks, no gasoline pump. 
Simple, strong, safe. High in 
grade, but high in work also. 

8®°" Be careful when addressing us. Get 
it right. Say Manitoba and Box 301 

June, 1905. 


be sought for, but where the mar- 
gin between the machinery of sever- 
al nations is as narrow as it is, it 
can hardly be expected that the Chi- 
nese market will do much running 
after the goods of any of them. 

So far as gasoline engines are 
concerned, a few object lessons out 
here would do a world of good, and 
1 believe that there will be an imme- 
diate demand for such machinery 
when its cheapness, convenience 
and efficiency are known. — Geo. E. 
Anderson, American Consul, Hang- 
chau, China. 

Missionary Methods Pay. 

There are many methods by 
which an implement dealer can-do 
a lot of missionary work in the way 
of finding farmers that are in need 
of implements, machinery, and ve- 
hiches. The following article gives 
the means pursued by a progressive 
concern across the line, which 
appeared in a recent edition of an 

"We still use and practice, as we 
always have done, the old time-tried 
motto, ; A pleased customer is the 
best advertisement.' We also find 
that a pleased customer is also the 
cheapest advertisement. While that 
is very well in every day transac- 
tions, we find that our trade needs 
a stimulant, a revival, a good stir- 
ring up each year, so every spring 
we have an 'opening.' We have 
tried this plan for several years 
new, and find that it pays immen- 
sely in several ways. It makes 
cheap advertisement, a firm gets ac- 
quainted with trade that does not 
come to its store at any other time, 
and sells hundreds of dollars worth 
of goods from stock that it would 
hot otherwise. 

"In this particular opening that 
I am about to describe, we had bills 
posted all around the country and 
announced in all the local papers in 
the towns nearest us that a 'buggy 
and couch will both be given away 
See, at our opening.' The couch 
the first day and the buggy the 
second. Every person over 1G 
years of age that comes in our store 
and registers will be given a ticket 
with a coupon, which will be de- 
tached and placed in a sealed box, 
the coupon and ticket both having 
^lie same number. At the end of 
the first day the couch will be given 
to the person who holds the lucky 
tickets, which will be drawn out of 
the box by a person, selected by the 
audience, who will be blindfolded. 
The buggy will be given away on 
the second day in the same manner. 

"When a person registers he is 
questioned as to his wants, which 
will be noted, together with those 
of his neighbors' wants, if he hap- 
pens to know them. Soon after we 
send our men out to see these par- 
ties, which often results in a sale, 
that would not be made otherwise, 
as we would not know they were in 
the market until too late. During 
this particular opening we sold 
fourteen buggies. 

"We had the buggies in a large 
armory where the buggy and couch 
were given away by the above 
means. But before this drawing 
of the tickets took place, we gave 
a short entertainment, in fact, had 
fine music all the afternoon and 
evening, which assisted quite a bit 
in filling the room with a cheerful 
air, and made the room not only 
attractive, but very pleasant indeed, 
and assisted in making sales. 

"It so happened at this opening 
that a person who got the buggy 
lived on the dividing line between 
us and our competitor in a neigh- 
boring town. The result was, that 
we not only gained his friendship 
entirely, but his trade also, and 
since then he has been coming 
regularly to our store for every- 
thing he needs in our line, and has 
even brought several of his neigh- 
bors our way, who have been good 
customers ever since, and 1 pre- 
sume we have sold them, all to- 
gether, enough goods to pay for the 
buggy several times over, besides 
selling several thousands dollars 
worth of goods on those two days. 
And that was not all, we could feel 
its good effects weeks before the 
opening and weeks after. Besides, 

8 to 


Economical Power 

In sending out their last spec- 
ifications for gasoline engines 
for West Point, the U. S. War 
Department required them "to be 
OLDS ENGINES or equal." Tkey 
excel all others, or the U. S. Gov- 
ernment would not demand them. 

They are the horizontal type, 2 to 100 
H. P., and are so simply and perfectly 
made that it requires no experience to 
run them, and 

Repairs Practically Cost Nothing 

Send for a catalocue of our Wizard En- 
gine *2 to 8 H. P. (jump spark igni- 
tion system, Rame as in the famous 
Oldsmobile) the most economical 
small power engine made: fitted 
with either pump-jack or direct 
connected pump;or our general 
catalogue s howing all sizes. 
Olds Gasoline Enaine Works, 

Lansing, Mich. 

Joseph Maw & Co., Ltd. 

Wlltatpn Amu 
Wi„„.,,,.. M . • i.« 

the fourteen buggies sold, there 
were several wagons, farm imple- 
ments and much hardware sold 
from stock, together with hundreds 
of dollars worth of furniture, 
stoves and tinware, making it ex- 
tremely profitable to say the least." 

Implement Expert Appointed. 

In his last report to Cong i ess, 
Secretary Wilson, of the United 
States Department of Agriculture, 
called attention to the necessity for 
the appointment of an expert in 
charge of the work of that section 
of the Irrigation and Drainage 
Division dealing with farm ma- 
chinery and farm buildings, and 
recommended that Congress make 
an appropriation for the carrying 
on of such a branch. This wis 
done by Congress at their last sit- 

Accordingly, Prof. C. J. Zintheo, 
professor of farm mechanics, at 
the Iowa Agricultural College, 
Ames, Iowa, has been appointed to 
take hold of this work, his duties 
to commence July 1st. Prof. Zin- 
theo is well qualified for his new 
position, having a vast amount of 
knowledge regarding both farm 
machinery and buildings. He be- 

gan his mechanical career by 
learning the blacksmith's trade, 
then became a machinist and loco- 
motive repairer. He next went to 
the University of Minnesota, where 
he took courses in scientific and 
electrical engineering, graduating 
in 1897. After graduating be took 
a course in practical training in the 
Deering Company's factory at 
Chicago, and afterwards visited 
many parts of the United Slates 
doing expert work for this concern. 

He also had charge of the Deer- 
ing exhibit at the Paris Exhibition. 
At the close of the Exposition he 
spent two summers in Siberia in 
the interests of the Deering Co., 
afterwards going to South Ameri- 
ca for them. On his return to the 
United States he took charge of, 
and organized the mechanics' de- 
partment in the North Dakota 
Agricultural College, the first agri- 
cultural college on this continent 
to establish such a course. In 
L903 he left the Dakota institution 
to organize the course in connec- 
tion with the Iowa Agricultural 
College, now acknowledged by 
many authorities to be the foremost 
college on the continent, dealing 
with this branch of practical agri- 
culture. We wish Mr. Zintheo 
continued prosperitv in his new 



The Best For 'All Concrete Mixers 

It is a well known fact that mixers having inside blades, pocket and separate the 
material as it enters, and again in turn scoop it up fiom the bottom, and require constant 
attention by Ireqiiently flushing, as also sen, ping and pounding at short intervals on the 
outside ol drum to dislodge the material which is constantly aiiaching itself to Hie inside 
mechanism, such as vanes, scoops, paddle arms, inside sha'l't. or whatever it mav be. not 
only causing the material to ball, but greatly decreasing the life ol the niach ne.'asUhese 
accessories, by reason of their resistance, not onlv wear out rapidly but largely increase 
tne strain on thelgears, frame, etc. Our CIBE MIXKR. with oidinary use, is guaranteed 
not to clog. - . 

PORTABLEjnd STATIONARY, 7 Sizes, 2 to 80 Ciibic.Yards per hour . 

hand power/steam, gasoline, 



General Offices : (IU7-9-1I Railway Exchange, Chicago. 111., D.S.A. 
New York Office : 150 Nassau St. 

J. L. NEILSON &. CO. 602 Main Street, Winnipeg, Man. 

Agents for Western Canada. 



June, 1905. 

Painting Farm and Business 

In painting farm wagons and 
trucks from the new wood the item 
of chief importance is to get the 
wood saturated with a sufficiency 
of pure, raw linseed oil, carrying 
enough pigment to prevent the oil 
from striking too deeply into the 
wood. For this purpose perhaps 
there is no hetter combination of 
pigment than two parts of white 
' lead ground in oil and one part of 
finely ground yellow ochre. Use 
just enough pigment to stain the 
oil and check its penetrative pro- 

For the second coat, take of the 
color chosen for the finish of the 
vehicle and use in the mixing § oil 
to § turpentine, with a gill of good 
coach japan added to i gallon of 
the paint. On this coat when ap- 
plied and dried out firm and strong, 
putty all necessary parts, using 
enough of the color in the putty to 
bring it out to the proper shade or 
tmt. If the body of the wagon has 
Tiny coarse-grained open-textured 
wood, such places should be glazed 
over the priming coat with the or- 
dinary carriage putty, cut to a 
glazing consistency with turpen- 
tine. Use a 2^-inch blade putty 
knife and make the putty thin 
enough to work readily from the 
knife. Press the glazing material 
firmly into the wood and remove 
the surplus material in order to re- 
duce sand-papering to a minimum. 
Over the second coat of paint use 
the finish color, in the form of 
color and varnish for ordinary 
grade work. For a better grade, 
use an additional coat of flat color 
and then the color-and-varnish. 
Deaden this color-and-varnish coat, 
when dry, with a tuft- of curled 
hair obtained from the trim shop, 
and stripe and finish. Over old 
surfaces no painting should be 
done until all scaly, shelly paint 
has been sanded and scraped off, 
and a solid surface exposed. Then 
carefully proportion for the 
amount of oil first coat to the con- 
dition of the surface. 

The heavier type of business 
wagon, and the class that usually 
comes to the village or country 
painter, need not necessarily be 
coated up with roughstuff, unless 
the surfaces are unusually large. 
When not to be roughstuff ed, prime 
as above advised, and glaze the 
surface carefuly with glazing 
putty. Then when this has hard- 
ened sufficiently, sandpaper it very 
Miiooth, and coat up with color, 

sandpapering between coats to 
knock off all nibs and dirt atoms 
and to keep the surface smooth. 

To use roughstuff for this work, 
apply over the primer a coat of 
roughstuff mixed with three parts 
lead and two parts filler, by weight, 
mixing it to a stiff paste wit!) 
coach japan and rubbing varnish, 
equal parts and thinning to the 
proper consistency with turpentine. 
After twenty-four hours sandpaper 
smoothly and glaze with glazing 
putty. After another twenty-four 
hours, apply a coat of quick rough- 
stuff, following nine hours later 
with a second coat of quick stuff. 
Then in due time face down this 
surface with rubbing stone and 
v. ater. 

For the permanent good of truck, 
farm and business wagon painting, 
tiie paint surfaces of which are 
built up largely of elastic pigments, 
elastic varnishes, rather than the 
quick, hard drying ones, should he 
used. This, of course, is contrary 
to ordinary practice, but it is never- 
theless founded upon experience. 
To coat elastic surfaces with hard, 
inelastic varnishes, is simply an- 
other way of sowing the wind to 
leap the whirlwind, and results in 
cracked and fissured surfaces. The 
elastic foundation carried through 
to the varnish stage should have 
an elastic varnish to protect it. 
This provides requisite harmony 
from the first to the final coat. 

The class of wagons here refer- 
red to are usually painted in bright, 
warm colors, yellows and reds 
being the chief favorites. Even 
the green box and the dull red gear 
of the farm wagon is bound to give 
way to more inviting colors. The 
green and primitive red are ancient 
and honorable, but are also dread- 
fully commonplace. 

Beautiful browns, warm and full 
of tone and brilliancy, are now 
popular, and Used to harmonize 
with the many shades of yellow, 
they yield rich and superb combina- 
tions. Olive and twentieth century 
browns, beside numerous browns 
made of Indian red, Prussian blue, 
chrome yellow and lampblack, the 
shades being varied as the pro- 
portions of the various ingredients 
are varied. 

The yellows used in harmony 
with the browns are light and med- 
ium shades of golden ochre, can- 
ary yellow, straw color, lemon 
chrome and twentieth century yel- 
low. Wagons, while, not ornately 
ornamented, are very plentifully 
striped, the lines being plain and 

finely drawn and placed with exact 
re Eerencc to developing the "smart" 
effects of the surface colors. — Am- 
erican Blacksmith. 

C.N.R's Wise Move. 

The C.N.R. company have de- 
cided to extend the Ridgeville 
branch through to Yassar on the 
main line east of Winnipeg at once, 
and to have it completed in time to 
carry the wheat traffic of the road 
in southern Manitoba. The ex- 
tension will connect Emerson with 
the main line, and steel has already 
been laid upon it to a point ten 
miles beyond Ridgeville or twenty- 
four miles from Emerson. 

The hearing this branch, which 
will be virtually then a main line 
from the southwest, will have on 
traffic is most far-reaching and im- 
portant in many ways. In the first 
place it will shorten the haul to the 
head of navigation by at least 
twenty-five miles from all points on 
nearly 500 miles of the C.N.R. svs- 
tem, the sections affected being 
Winnipeg-Morris. 4l).:{ miles; Mor- 
ris-Belmont, 102.2; Belmont-Hart- 
ney, .12.!); Hartney Junction-Bran- 
don, 40; Winnipeg-Leary's, 71.!); 
Hartnev-Virden, 36; .Morris-Emer- 
son, 24. S; Fmerson-Ridgeville, 24; 
Waopa extension, .11 ; new' exten- 
sion from Ridgeville to Yassar, 35. 
Total, 479. 

It will direct all the traffic of the 
southwest from Winnipeg, thus re- 
lieving the yards here of the con- 
gestion which inevitably ensues 
when the rush of the wheat season 
is on, and will also clear the main 
line into the city of the trains 
west bound for points on the >\ s- 
'.ems affected. 

Put the Helium Aport. 

It adds to the impressiveness of 
a pulpit discourse to dwell at some 
length on certain points ; but this 
sometimes has been overdone. 

An earnest preacher who, in warn- 
ing sinners against the rocks of 
ruin, had brought up the favorite 
illustration of a ship in imminent 
danger of going to pieces on a reef, 
was prolonging the horror of the 
scene, demanding what must be 
done, etc., when he was interrupted 
by an impatient sailor among his 
listeners with : 

"Put the helium aport, you lub- 
ber, and luff!" 


By an implement manufacturing concern an 
A.l. traveller. Must have had experience in the 
implement trade. Apply, Manufacturer, Can- 
adian Farm Implements, 901 Union Bank 
Building, Winnipeg. 

The Value of the Cream 

The real value of a cream separ- 
ator to a farmer may be reckoned 
in many ways apart from a dollars 
and cents profit, bur, as a rule, the 
farmer only thinks of the dollars 
that the separator may make for 
him. The cream separator has 
passed the experimental stage and 
no farmer, who milks four cows or 
upwards, is showing sound sense 
and good judgment when he has 
not placed a cream separator on the 
farm. It is impossible for the 
fanner of to-day to make his busi- 
ness a paying one without the use 
of a machine. The dairy branch 
of the farm will never pay, in this 
ec*iomic age, without the use of 
the separator. 

We heard a farmer remark the 
other day that he had not cows 
enough to warrant the outlay neces- 
sary for a cream separator. When 
questioned by the agent as to how 
many cows he had he replied, 
"eight." Now, that man is losing 
the price of a cream separator 
every year in butter fat alone. This 
is a matter that is given very little, 
in fact too little, attention and 
thought by our farmers. They, as 

A Durable Machine 

To give permanent satisfaction to 
both dealer and customer, a Cream 
Separator must be durable. The 

U.S. Cream Separator 

will out-wear any other. 
We'll tell you why. 

All working parts are enclosed and 
protected from dust anil erit. Those 
moving at high speed run in oil on 
steel balls, greatly reducing wear. 

All materials used are carefully in- 
spected, and are of highest quality. 

Throughout the whole machine the 
parts ire few, simple and easy to get 
at. Each machine is put to a thor- 
ough test before being shipped. 

The U. S. factory is equipped with 
th« most accurate and efficient ma- 
chinery to make exact duplicate parts. 
Only skilled workmen are employed. 

For these reasons it. 


The Simple, Sel f -Emptying. Close-Skimming 
Bowl, low milk tank, easy-to-turn crank make 
it easy to sell and its durability insures the 
dealer against " kicks. " 
U.S. Separators are sold the year round. 
Write us now for particulars. 

Vermont Farm Machine Co., Bellows falls, Vt. 

June, 1905. 



a rule, conclude that if the hutter 
fat does not come up in the pans or 
cans, whichever they may he using-, 
that the young- stock gets the butter 
fat when the skim milk is fed, 
therefore it is not lost. 

This theory is a great mistake, 
and one that it would pay our farm- 
ers to recognize. If butter-fat was 
only worth ten cents per pound, 
still it is too expensive a food to 
feed calves or pigs, when we con- 
sider that we can purchase a food 
equivalent, and equal in value to 
the stock, for one cent per pound. 
In view of this argument it is very 
poor economy to feed butter fat. 
Butter fat is always worth much 
more than ten cents per pound, 
t?:erefore, in order to get the most 
profit, it is imperative that we get 
all the fat from the milk, and the 
cream separator is the only process 
that can be employed that will take 
all the cream from the milk. 

All the experiments that have 
been made and the actual work of 
of farmers who use a cream separ- 
ator go to prove that a separator 
almost pays for itself the first year. 
The actual gain that a separator 
will give is from $7 to $10 per 
standard cow per year. This all 
depends upon how the cream is 
produced, where the separator is 
not used, but with the very best 
facilities such as ice and water in 
which to place the cans, the cream 
separator will give a gain of $7 per 
cow, per year, over any other 
method. The power of the cream 
separator (centrifugal force) is 
about 8,500 greater than the gravity 
or natural system, which is allow- 
ing the milk to stand until the 
cream rises to the top, to produce 
cream. This power is reckoned, 

allowing that the best facilities be 
employed in the gravity method. 
Now, where the facilities are not 
the best, the cream separator has 
still greater power to its credit for 
producing cream. 

The other advantages to be gain- 
ed by the use of a separator are 
saving labor for the women folks 
on the farm, cleanliness in hand- 
ling milk and cream, and better 
quality of butter. The remark is 
often made, "Oh well, we don't care 
if our butter is not best quality; 
we don't get any more for it." 
This is a very grave mistake, as a 
poor quality of butter will not com- 
mand a good price. It is in the 
class of "not wanted" goods, and 
even jf the market price oi butter 
is low at times it pays to have the 
quality right, for when it is good 
it will be sought after, and good 
butter can always command a good 

The investment of money for a 
cream separator is the best paying 
one that a farmer can make for 
any farm implement. If a farmer 
has even four cows and pays $75 
for a cream separator he gets back 
in gain at least $7 per cow, which 
would be $28 gain the first year, 
and $28 back on an investment of 
$75 is a great deal better interest 
than the bank gives. It is over 37 
per cent, gain on the investment, 
and that gain will come each year 
for a good many years. It is only 
necessary to count up the increase 
in yield of butter and the improve- 
ment in quality, to enable a farmer 
to see how absolutely necessary is 
a good separator to a dairyman, 
and how, under no circumstances, 
can he be as successful without one, 
as he would with one. 

Dealers Prestige not the Whole 

It- is hard to understand why a 
dealer will put in a $5,000 or $10,- 
000 stock of handsome carriages 
and then devote about four inches 
single column in his daily news- 
paper for the purpose of interesting 
people in his business. 

Yet this is just wbat hundreds, 
even thousands of dealers are doing. 
They seem to have the impression 
that they are widely known and the 
only bid they have to make for 
business is to put up their sign, get 
in their goods and open their front 

There are, we suppose, a large 
number of dealers who have whati 
they call prestige. Prestige is a 
valuable asset for any dealer, but 
it isn't the whole thing and in itself 
is not sufficient to carry the busi- 
ness along in these days of stren- 
uous, liberal advertising. 

You hear dealers say: "No need 
of my advertising, everybody 
knows me." They are mistaken, 
even in the sense intended, and if 
they will take a census of those who 
know them after a few years with- 
out advertising they will find most 
of those who do remember them at 
all are under the impression that 
they have gone out of business. 

Prestige is often only another 
name for petrification. Some of 
the old time dealers take the posi- 
tion that inasmuch as they have a 
large number of old customers to 
give them all the business they 
want it is useless to advertise. This 
is another mistake, for what dealer 
owns a customer? How many can 
make a list of a dozen and say : 
"These will buy only of me." 

The only way to perpetuate pres- 
tige and make it profitable is to 
carry a good stock and use enough 
advertising space in good mediums 
to tell why the stock is good and 
why people should buy. The pub- 
lic is forgetful. It also likes being 
asked and the dealer who persist- 
ently, insistently and consistently 
advertise his business is going to 
leave the concern with the so-called 
prestige away behind in the race 
for business. — Carriage Dealers' 

Catalogues Wanted. 

Exporters and importers would 
greatly oblige the undersigned by 
addressing to his consulate their 
latest catalogues, together with the 
following commercial information : 
Name of firm ; street, city and cable 
address; codes used;, export dis- 
counts and terms ; language of cor- 
respondence ; references or com- 
mercial rating; nature of exports 
and imports ; list of foreign branch- 
es and agents; supplementing this 
with complete information permit- 
ting immediate sales — thus getting 
rid of irritating epistolary angling. 
This will be filed gratis and classi- 
fied by firms and products in the 
commercial intelligence department 
of the consulate of Prague by the 
card and catalogue system devised 
by our consul at this post. The 
kingdom of Bohemia has a popula- 
tion of over 6,000,000, and that in 
the very heart of Europe, and is 
practically virgin territory for 
American exporters. 

Urbain J. Ledoux, Consul. 
Prague, Bohemia. 


there are more 

empire Cream Separators 

in use in 

Tl/estern Canada to~day than any other make is that 
the Empire is simpler than any other. 

Simplicity insures ease in operation, few repairs, long life and 
no trouble. For the same reason, Clttpirt agents make more 
money than any other. When they sell a machine it is sold — 
and that's the end of it. Our contract is a money-maker. 
Write to-day for Terms and our new Catalogue, No. 121. 


Ontario Wind Engine & Pump Co., Limited, Winnipeg, Man. 


I De Laval Separators 

Awarded the Grand Prize St Louis, 
1904, and at every World's Ex- 
position lor twenty-live years. 

"Just as good as the De Laval" would set 
the seal of approval upon any Separator, and 
is the verdict each " would be " competitor 
endeavors to secure for his machine. But 
every World's Exposition and practical test 
has been a demonstration of the fact that no 
separator is in the same class with the DeLaval 

De Laval catalogue free for the asking. 

The De Laval Separator Co. 

248 McDermot Ave. 

Winnipeg, Man. 

New York 



San Francisco 



June, 1905. 

The National Manufacturing: Co. Ltd 

Pembroke, Ont. 

Issue a guarantee bond fully protecting Agents and users of the Uneeda Cream Separators. 


IkllOW all men l)\> tbeSC H>re0ent9 that the National Manufacturing Company, 

Limited, doth hereby covenant and agree with , of the 

Town of - in the County of 

in the Province of , that the said The National Manufacturing Company, Limited, 

shall and will at all times hereafter save and keep harmless and indemnified the said 

his executors and administrators of and from 

all judgments which one P. M. Sharpies or one Herbert McCornack may recover against him on 

account of the said having purchased from the 

said The National Manufacturing Company, Limited, used or sold to any person or persons one or 
more of the Cream Separators manufactured by the said The National Manufacturing Company, 
Limited, and known as the Uneeda Cream Separator, and against all loss and damage from any 
injunction which the said P. M. Sharpies or the said Herbert McCornack may recover against him 
in connection with the purchase, user or sale of one or more of said Uneeda Separators, and also 
from all actions, suits and other proceedings which at any time or times may be brought or 

prosecuted against the said his executors and 

administrators in respect to the purchase, use or sale by him of the said Uneeda Separator. 

This Bond is not transferable and is given subject to the condition that the said 

, upon being served with any claim, writ or 

order in connection with the matter aforesaid, shall forthwith give notice of same to The National 
Manufacturing Company, Limited, and will allow the said Company to defend any such action in 
his name, sending to them all papers served on him. 



Signed, Sealed and Delivered 
in the presence of 








We understand that a Cream 
Separator Go. has sent circular 
letters stating that if they found 
their Patent contained in the Uneeda 
Separatot that they would go to 
law. This they cannot find, as the 
Patent referred to is not used in 
the Uneeda. Thus, there will be 
no law suit. The steadying device 
of the Uneeda, which is the part 
referred to, is not the same, and is 
patented in the Dominion Patent 
Office at Ottawa under the No. 
90,842. However, for the protec- 
tion of Agents and users of Uneeda 
Cream Separators, we are issuing 
a bond (afac simile appears here- 
with) and by which the National 
Manufacturing Company assume all 
possible liability from law suits. 

Write for catalogue, agents' discounts and terms, which are the most liberal given by any Separator Company. 


Head Office 

and Factory: 


Western Branch: 
20 Sylvester Blk., WINNIPEG, MAN. 

C. C. Macdonald, Mgr. 

June, 1905. 




Mr. D. J. Hutchison, of the 
Melotte Separator Co., was in 
Brandon on business recently. 

Mr. W. J. Papst, of the Bell En- 
gine & Thresher Co., of Winnipeg, 
was in town for a short time about 
the middle of the month. 

J. M. Docker, manager of the 
Gaar Scott Co., at Winnipeg, was 
in town on business for his com- 
pany during the past month. 

Mr. T. H. Crane, representing 
the Canadian Fairbanks Co., paid 
this place a visit recently, looking 
after the interests of his concern. 

Mr. A. D. Elliott, general travel- 
* ler for the Massey-Harris Co., was 
in Brandon, looking after the inter- 
ests of his concern, a short time 

Mr. J. P. Jones, representing the 
Carberry Stacker Co., of Carbjerry, 
Man., was in Brandon a few days 
ago in connection with business for 
his firm. 

Mr. D. B. McLeod, manager for 
the North West Thresher Co., at 
Winnipeg, was on a business trip 
recently to Brandon, and south- 
western Manitoba. 

Mr. J. J. Clegg, who returned a 
short time ago from a trip to Cali- 
fornia, has gone on a Western 
business trip for the Balfour Imple- 
ment Co., of Winnipeg. 

Mr. E. Laycock, who, until re- 
cently, was engaged in the imple- 
ment business, is doing a land office 
business in real estate and collec- 
tions to which he has turned his 

Mr. L. J. Haug visited this city 
a shor,t time ago in the interests 
of Haug, Brothers & Nellermore, 
of Winnipeg, who handle the 
"Yellow Fellow" line of threshing 

It is also reported now that the 
contract for the Bank of Montreal's 
new building on the site of the old 
Queen's hotel will be let at an early 
date and the building completed 
this season. 

Mr. J. M. Moore, recently 
appointed agent for the Uneeda 
Separator Co., of Pembroke, Ont., 
with a distributing agency at 
Winnipeg, Under the direction of 
Air. C. C. Macdonald, was in on 
business a short time ago. 

Mr. Charles Splayford, formerly 
a prominent machinist and engineer 
of this city, recently removed with 
his family to Saskatoon, N.W.T., 
where he will engage in the imple- 
ment business,- carrying a full line 
of threshers and other farm ma- 
chinery. He will also open a repair 

Mr. F. Chapin, Vice-President 
of the Western Retail Implement 
Dealers' Association, was in the 
city a short time ago attending the 
Annual Baptist Convention, which 
assembled on the 14th of June. Mr. 
Chapin reports prospects in the 
Hartney district as exceptionally 

Mr. M. Campbell, of the Manson- 
Campbell Fanning Mill Co., of 
Chatham, Ont., accompanied by his 
wife, is at present the guest of Mr. 
Wm. Atwell of this city. Mr. 
Campbell's company have recently 
completed the erection of a ware- 
house on Eleventh Street, close to 
the C.P.R. freight sheds. They are 
making Brandon a shipping point 
for Manitoba and the Territories. 

On June 8th the corner stone of 
the new Y. M. C. A. building was 
laid by Sir D. H. McMillan, the 
Lieutenant-Governor of the Pro- 
vince. This building will cost in 
the neighborhood of $75,000, about 
$67,000 of which has already been 
subscribed. The building will be 
thoroughly equipped in every res- 
pect. It will contain swimming 
baths, gymnasium, libraries, read- 
ing-rooms, etc. The third and 
fourth stories of the building will 
be devoted to dormitories for young 
men. It is expected that this 
handsome edifice will be ready for 
occupation by January 1st, 1906. 

There is reason to believe that 
the three vacant corners of Rosser 
and Tenth street may all be built 
during the present season. The 
Hamilton Provident and Loan 
Society have just about decided to 
erect their large new block this year 
on the corner of Tenth Street and 
Rosser Avenue. The work on the 
handsome new building, which is 
to be erected this season for the 
Canadian Bank of Commerce, on 
the corner of Tenth Street and 
Rosser, will be commenced this 
week. The contract has been 
awarded to Mr. T. M. Harrington, 
and the building when finished will 
cost in the neighborhood of 

Mr. E. S. Cooper, of the Cooper 
Gasoline Engine Co., Winnipeg, 
was in the city recently completing 
arrangements for the installation 
in the Alexander Milling Co.'s mill 
of a 250 horsepower suction gas 
plant. This system of power is 
new and practically just being in- 
troduced, though it has been in- 
stalled and is in operation in big 
concerns in the southern states. 
The big engine, which weighs 75,- 
000 pounds, is being made by the 
Weber Co., of Kansas City, Mo. 

The plant to be put in for the Alex- 
ander Milling Company will be the 
first in Canada. It is claimed that 
there is a tremendous saving over 
any other power, and if this plant 
meets expectations it is safe to as- 
sume, the suction gas system will 
be largely used in the West. 
Souris coal will be the fuel used. 

Will Get the Best. 

While last year a higher standard 
was set in connection with the qual- 
ity of the entertainment provided 
for the pleasure-seekers in front of 
the grand stand at the Winnipeg 
exhibition, the list of attractions 
which will be provided at this year's 
big fair on July 20 to 28 will be of 
an even higher order. The associa- 
tion recognizes the great educative 
influence this branch of the fair 
possesses and no expense is to be 
spared to make this one of the most 
enticing features of the annual fes- 
tival. F. W. Heubach, chairman 
of the attractions committee, is now 
in the East booking* features for 
the Winnipeg fair, and his orders 
are to get the best available. 

By the Yard. 

We have just received from the 
Frost & Wood Co., of Smith's 
Falls, Ont., an envelope containing 
a folder and note-book. This fol- 
der, which is one of the neatest and 
most novel propositions that has 
reached our desk in the advertising 
line, is illustrative of the different 
farm implements manufactured by 
the Frost & Wood Co. On one side 
the various styles of plows are re- 
produced in color, so that when the 
folder is extended it shows a yard 
(three feet) full of plows, while on 
the other side of the yard is shown 


For Automobiles, Machinery, 
Traction Engines, Threshers, Etc. 

A model of simplicity, durability and 
strength. Raise by working handle 
below center; lower by working 
handle above center. Works at anv 
angle. Send for Catalog' e. OLIVER 
MFG. CO., 210 Desplaines Street 
Chicago, 111. 

If you require a 

Fire or 
Burglar Proof 



write us for prices and catalogue. We 
can quote you prices that will interest 

W. Johnston & Co., Ltd. 

776 Main St., WINNIPEG, Man. 

the various scufflers, harrows, and 
cultivators manufactured. Taken 
all through this is a neat folder and * 
bound to attract attention. 

The note book, which in the 
Company's introductory chapter is 
entitled a "Pocket Memory Help- 
er," is somthing bound to be of 
much use to farmers generally. It 
is just what the firm have entitled 
it. One of the best things in it is 
a short article on "The Care and 
Aeration of Milk" and it has twelve 
statement forms for keeping track 
of the milk delivered at the cream- 
ery. It also contains much more 
valuable information for the agri- 
culturist as well as showing a num- 
ber of cuts of the various imple- 
ments and wagons manufactured 
for the use of the farmer. We con- 
gratulate the company on getting 
out such useful and attractive ad- 
vertising, and, we understand, they 
will be pleased to mail a copy to any 
applicant. When writing kindly 
mention Canadian Farm Imple- 

A Winning Line. 

The Walter A. Wood Mowing 
and Reaping Machine Company, 
of Hoosick Falls, N.Y., were re- 
cently advised by their London 
office that the Wood agents at Port 
Elizabeth, S.A., were awarded first 
prize for the New Century binder 
and tabular frame mower and 
received honorable mention for the 
Wood enclosed gear mower, all of 
which were exhibited at the agri- 
cultural show held in that city. 
There were twenty-four manufac- 
turers represented. This concern 
also received first priz-e and a medal 
for their New Century binder at 
the Royal Cornwall Society Show 
in England. 

The Balfour Implement Co., 
Ltd., of Winnipeg, control the sale 
of these goods in Western Canada. 

Do Vou Build ? 

Waterloo Automatic Cement Block Machine 
Best Grade PORTLAND CEMENT Always on Hand. 

Builders' Equipment Co. 

917=919 Union Bank Building 



June, 1905. 


Mr. T. C. Bulloch, of Rapid 
City, Man., agent for the Balfour 
Implement Co., gave us a call dur- 
ing the early part of June. 

Mr. Herbert Baker, chief accoun- 
tant of the Massey-Harris Co., 
here, recently left for the East on 
a combined business and pleasure 

The John Watson Mfg. Co., of 
Ayr, Ont, recently issued a neat 
truck catalogue which fully des- 
cribes and illustrates the many 
styles of trucks which they manu- 

Mr. J. Robinson, of the Robin- 
son Buggy Co., of Freeport, 111., 
was in Winnipeg recently looking 
over the territory, with a view to 
placing his goods on this market. 

A concern, to be known as the 
Canadian Fence Mfg. Co., has been 
incorporated at Woodstock, Ont., 
for the manufacture of wire fences, 
steel and iron posts, gates, etc., 
with a capital of $250,000. 

Scott & Sproat, implement deal- 
ers at Fillmore, Assa., have dis- 
solved partnership. The business 
will in future be carried on by 
Sproat & McConnell. We wish 
the new management every success. 

Mr. E. A. King has commenced 
in the implement business at Creel- 
man, N.W.T. You have our best 
wishes, Mr. King. Dig in and gee 
your name up. Don't forget our 
paper. Send in your subscription. 

Jno. F. McKinnon, who is con- 
nected with Kclley & Beals, imple- 
ment dealers at Edmonton, Alta., 
was in Winnipeg a short time ago, 
en route to the East, where he will 
visit his former home in Bruce Co., 

Mr. O. T. Thompson, manager 
of the J. Thompson & Sons Mfg. 
Co., Beloit, Wis., was in the city 
about the middle of the month on 
an annual visit to the Frost & W ood 
Co., who represent his company in 
Western Canada. 

Ritz & Voerger have commenced 
in the implement and lumber busi- 
ness at Humboldt, Sask. We wish 
you success, gentlemen, and feel 
confident that a year's subscription 
to our paper will be of much value 
to you. Try it. 

The implement concern of Huns- 
pcrger & Atkins at Didsbury, Alta.. 
has dissolved partnership. The 
business will henceforward be car- 
ried on under the individual man- 
agement of Mr. H. B. Atkins. We 
wish you success, Mr. Atkins. 

Mr. R. W. Robb, representing 
the Robb Engineering Co., of 
Amherst, N.S., was in Winnipeg 
recently in connection with the in- 
stalling of four large 250 h.p. boil- 
ers and two engines in the new T. 
Eaton Co. block on Portage Ave. 

Mr. G. E. Hanley, assistant 
general manager of the Internation- 
al Harvester Co., at Regina, has 
tendered his resignation to the 
Company, to take effect July 1st. 
What Mr. Hartley's future plans 
are have not yet been made public. 

The R. McKie Buggy Co., of 
Plattsville, Ont., has decided to 
erect a reinforced concrete building 
for factory purposes at Hamilton, 
Ont. This structure will cost in the 
neighborhood of $10,000 and will 
be thoroughly modern in every res- 

Mr. A. E. Mott, manager of the 
Cockshutt Plow Co., left for the 
East recently where he will visit 
the factory of the company at 
Brantford, Ont. It is expected 
that Mr. Mott will place his esti- 
mates for 1906 while at the home 

Mr. S. H. Chapman, President 
and Manager of the Ontario Wind 
Engine & Pump Co., Toronto, re- 
cently left for England on the 
annual excursion of the Manufac- 

turers' Association. Mr. Chapman 
is combining business with pleasure 
on this trip. 

Mr. W. Duggan has commenced 
in the implement business at Cam- 
rose, N.W.T. We wish you every 
success possible, Mr. Duggan, and 
trust you will not overlook adding 
this paper to your list of publica- 
tions received. Send us your sub- 
cription now. 

Mr. O. P. Robb, manager of the 
Canadian Moline Plow Co., has 
just returned from a visit to the 
South and East. During his ab- 
sence he visited the factory of the 
Moline Plow Co., at Moline, 111., 
as well as going to Flint, Mich., 
and Sarnia J Ont. 

A new concern under the name 
of Hicks & McLeod has com- 
menced in the implement business 
at Fillmore, N.W.T. Gentlemen, 
accept our wishes for success. 
Don't forget to send in your sub- 
cription to our paper. We have 
something that will interest you. 

Mr. Harry Speight, President 
and Manager of the Speight Wagon 
Co., of Markham, Ont., was in the 
city for a short time during the 
month, in connection with his firm's 
interests in this territory. The 
Fairchild Co., of this city, are their 
representatives in Western Canada. 

The D. ConbOy Carriage Co., of 
Toronto, recently purchased a new 
factory site, in th_at city, comprising 
about 150,000 square feet of 
ground, on which they will erect 
an up-to-date factory at a cost of 
$75,000. When completed about 
200 men will be constantly employ- 

Mr. H. P. Hansen, of the On- 
tario Wind Engine & Pump Co., is 
at present on an extended trip 
through the West in the interests 
of the Empire Separator Co. Dur- 
ing his absence, Mr. Hansen will 
visit Prince Albert, Calgary and 
Edmonton and surrounding dis- 

Mr. W. A. Hubbard, general 
traveller of the Aultman & Taylor 
Machinery Co., of Mansfield, Ohio, 
manufacturers of threshing ma- 
chines and boilers, was in Winni- 
peg a short time ago looking over 
tlie situation with a view to intro- 
ducing the goods made by his firm 
into Western Canada. 

Mr. D. H. Cosgrove, a resident 
of Napinka, Man., recently con- 
structed an automobile. He placed 
a gasoline engine in the rear of his 
democrat connecting same with the 
hind wheels by means of a chain 
belt. He constructed a satisfac- 

tory steering apparatus to work in 
connection with the front wheels. 

J. L. Neilson & Co., Canadian 
agents for the Municipal Engineer- 
ing and Contracting Co., Chicago, 
111., reports the sale of a No. 3 Chi- 
cago Cube Concrete Mixer to the 
Winnipeg Board of Works. He 
also reports the sale of two mixers 
of the same make to contractors of 
the International Water Power 
Development Co., at Fort Frances. 

Mr. Archie Watson, manager of 
the John Watson Mfg. Co., is at 
present absent from the city on an 
extended Western trip. While 
away he will visit Banff and several 
points in British Columbia before 
reaching Vancouver. It is alto- 
gether likely that he will take a 
trip to the Lewis and Clark Expo- 
sition at Portland, Ore., before 
returning home. 

Mr. A. E. Wayte, general travel- 
ler for the Fairchild Co., has just 
returned from a trip to the Battle- 
ford district, where he delivered a 
large shipment of "Fairchild'' 
goods for the new British colony 
locating at Lloydminster. The 
Great West Saddlery Co., and the 
J. H. Ashdown Co., had also large 
consignments in the shipment. 
This was one of the first lots of 
freight to go over the new C.N.R. 
line into Battleford. Mr. Wayte 
reports crops as being in Ai con- 

Mr. A. E. Thompson, of Harris 
& Thompson, implement dealers at 
Killarney, Man., was in the city 
for a few days a short time ago. 
In speaking of general conditions 
Mr. Thompson said that spring 
trade was somewhat dull, that sum- 
mer business was picking up slight- 
ly and that prospects for fall trade 
are exceedingly good. He reports 
the crop conditions in his section 
as exceptionally bright. The con- 
cern, of which Mr. Thompson is a 
member, represent the line of goods 
sold by the Balfour Implement Co.. 

We have just received from Mr. 
M. J. Miller, Canadian representa- 
tive of the David Bradley Mfg. 
Co., Bradley, 111., a copy of their 
recently issued, specially con- 
densed, catalogue of plows, and 
parts, suitable for Northern trade. 
This contains a large number of 
illustrations of the various styles of 
Bradley plows that have become 
very popular in this country. Any 
dealer can secure one by dropping 
a card to the David Bradley Mfg. 
Co., corner King and James 
Streets, this city. When writing 
don't forget to mention Canadian 
Farm Implements. 


Double-Cylinder Force PlIHip 

The Pre-eminent Features Are— 


The simplest and most perfect 
pump on the market. 


A feature in which it excells all 
others. It has solid brass cylinders. 
The Pipe and Rods are all Galvan- 
ised, and it has no stuffing boxes 
to wear out. 


Positively the easiest working 
pump extant. A 5-year-old child 
can operate it in a 50 foot well. By 
means of the two cylinders, one side 
will balance the other. All you 
do is to work the handle. 


It has double the capacity of an 
ordinary pump, and, therefore, will 
furnish the required amount of water 
in half the time. It saves 50% labor. 


Hose may be attached in an 
instant and you have a Fire Depart- 
ment in itself. Windmill may be 
attached to work one or both sides 
of the pump. It is positively anti- 
freezing and always ready for use. 

We want every dealer to write us. It is to 
your interest. W JOHNSTON & CO., ACEN1S 
Manufactured by WINNIPEG, MAN. 

Peter's Pump Co., Kewanee, III. 

June, 1905. 



There is Satisfaction and Profit in Handling 

The Moline Line 

The ' Flying- Dutchman" Trade Mark 

Denotes Quality, and the implements bearing this Trade Mark will 
not disappoint the purchaser. That's why 


The (Best Ever 9 Gang Plow 

Cleaned perfectly in a recent competition 
and secured first prize. The distance was 
one-half mile, the land was very sticky 
and the " Best Ever" was the only com- 
petitor that cleaned throughout the 
entire stretch. 

It's built right, which explains its 

Best Ever' Sulky Plow 

Have you seen it ? Built on the same 
principle as the Gang Plow; light draft, 
compactly built, strong, foot-lift, and can 
be operated by a boy. 

LAR ; it's good reading and explains 
special features. 

The 'Mandt' Wagon 

A Wagon that will get you business. 

Have you bought your wagons for 
fall trade? No? Well, try the 
"Mandt" and see your wagon trade 
grow. It sells at sight, and every 
one sold is a canvasser that brings 
the dealer business, and } 7 ou don't 
have to pay the wagon a salary. 

Our stock Is complete. We can 
load you a mixed car of Plows, 
Harrows, Wagons, Feed Mills, Etc 

Canadian Moline Plow Co. Winnipeg, Man. 



June, 1905. 



Published each month by 

Canadian farm Implements, Ltd. 

901-2 Union Bank Boilding, 
Winnipeg, Man., Canada. 
Phone 518. 

Single copies Five Cents. Fifty Cents per year. 
(Postage Paid Anywhere.) 

Rates Made Known on Application. 
Change cf Copy for Advertisements should reach 
this office not later than the 15th of each 
month— Cuts and Copy for New Adver- 
tisements can be received as late as 
the 20th of each month. 

This paper does not undertake to endorse 
opinions that may be expressed in its corres- 
pondence columns. 

F. D. Blakely - Preiident and Manager. 
P. G. Van Vleet - • Vice-President. 

Eastern Office : 
1 Wellington St. W., Toronto, Ont. 
Chicago Office 
4601 Champlain Avenue. 
A. S. Core - Representative. 


Probable Price Increase. 

According to many trade papers 
from the United States it appears 
that there will probably be an ad- 
vance in price of raw material es- 
sential for the manufacture of 
wagons within a short time. Some 
of the American manufacturers 
have stated that if there is to be any 
further advance in raw material, 
wagon prices will have to be ad- 
vanced to meet this increase. Un- 
der the circumstances it would be 
well for dealers in Western Canada 
to be prepared for such an advance, 
not only on wagons, but sleighs as 
well, for there is little doubt that 
should an increase take place across 
the line, our market here would be 
similarly affected. 

Our Invitation to You. 

As is usual during the Exhibi- 
tion a large percentage of the im- 
plement dealers of Western Canada 
will take advantage of the low rail- 
way rates to visit Winnipeg during 
Fair week, which, this year, is from 
the 20th to the 28th of July. To all 
these we wish to extend a cordial 
invitation to visit our office. We 
wish every implement dealer to feel 
that this office is his headquarters 
during his stay in our city, and we 
wish you to make use of it in every 
possible way that will be convenient 

to yourself. Have your letters 
addressed in our care, write your 
letters from here, arrange to meet 
your friends here, etc. 

Our latch string is always out 
and we will be delighted to have 
you drop in and smoke a cigar 
with us. As our window faces 
Main Street we have one of the 
finest views of the business sections 
of the city that is to be had from 
the Union Bank building. Call on 
us, and give us a chance to shake 
hands with you, and let us have a 
talk on general conditions. We 
feel that we can be of use to you 
and that you can be of benefit to 
us. Our office is Nos. 901-2 Union 
Bank Building. Get off the eleva- 
tor at the 9th floor. First door on 
the right. You cannot miss it. Be 
sure and pay us a visit. 

We beg to extend this invitation 
to manufacturers, and all others in- 
terested in the trade. 

Our Worry. 

We recently noted in the daily 
press the fact that Andrew Carne- 
gie had set aside $10,000,000 for 
the pensioning of college profes- 
sors, and we also noted the fact 
that a prominent college professor 
made a strong protest against his 
brethren accepting such pensions. 
It strikes us that some people are 
too particular. The only thing that 
bothers us is that Uncle Andy's 
wealth is liable to run out before 
he reaches the missionaries in the 
implement business, whom, we be- 
lieve, joking aside, have done as 
much for the advancement of agri- 
culture by the introduction of labor 
saving and profit making ma- 
chinery, as all the college professors 
on earth. 

A Point in J. E. B's Letter. 

We are in receipt of a letter 
from a subscriber, who signs him- 
self J.E.B. This letter will be found 
in another column of our paper. 
We beg to thank the writer, not 
only for his letter, but also for his 
calling our attention to the policy 
pursued by some manufacturers, 
who sell goods to farmers at the 
same price as to the dealer, on the 
ground that the farmer has become 
their agent. 

We have nothing to say in de- 
fence of this action and are of the 
opinion that such practices should 
not be followed by any reputable 
concern. The whole thing savors 
strongly of "catalogue - house" 
methods, and on this ground we 
feel justified in condemning it. No 

matter what may be said to the 
contrary the "catalogue house" and 
the "co-operative company" are the 
greatest enemies of the local dealer 
in existence, and for this reason we 
cannot see how any manufacturer 
or jobber can afford to do this sort 
of business. 

We firmly believe that a manu- 
facturer who is not represented in 
a certain town is at perfect liberty 
to sell his implement, machine or 
vehicle by mail providing he sells 
at his own price, plus the dealer's 
profit and the freight charges, but 
we also believe that he should make 
an effort to get an agent in that 
town, among the legitimate trade, 
at as early a date as possible. The 
manufacturer or jobber who re- 
duces his price so that the consumer 
gets his goods at a lower price than 
were he getting them through a 
dealer is committing an act bound 
to be detrimental not only to him- 
self, but the trade generally. - 

Tit for Tat. 

A rather peculiar state of affairs 
has come to light recently in con- 
nection with the action of the Min- 
nesota Implement Dealers' Assoc- 
iation who, a short time ago, black- 
listed and refused to sell imple- 
ments and vehicles to members of 
the Minnesota Farmers' Exchange, 
and who also requested the jobbers 
and manufacturers to stop selling 
goods to this concern. 

The Minnesota Farmers' Ex- 
change was formed for the purpose 
of buying goods wholesale, boy- 
cotting the legitimate trade. Since 
formation, however, this associa- 
tion has found it impossible to se- 
cure goods, except through small 
manufacturers, or irresponsible 
jobbers, who sell to the consumer 
direct, and these not in sufficient 
quantity, with the result that they 
have laid, what they consider, their 
grievance before the Governor of 
Minnesota, requesting that steps be 
taken to compel jobbers and manu- 
facturers to sell their product to 

It is impossible to tell what ac- 
tion the Governor of Minnesota will 
take in the case, in view of the fact 
that there is a possibility that the 
action of the manufacturers, job- 
bers and dealers, may be so con- 
strued as to amount to an infrac- 
tion of the anti-trust law that pre- 
vails across the line. We cannot 
see on what grounds the farmers 
can justify their complaint. They 
first organized for the purpose of 
boycotting the dealer, in an endea- 

vor to buy goods less the dealer's 
profit. Instead of being able to do 
this, in sufficient quantity, they have 
found that the manufacturers have 
stood behind the dealer, with the 
result that they have been unable 
to secure implements and vehicles, 
necessary for the successful carry- 
ing on of their co-operative scheme. 
Now they are squealing. We do 
not blame farmers for endeavoring 
to buy goods as cheaply as possible. 
It is human nature. We all want 
the best article for the least money, 
but we think that when a dealer has 
invested his capital in a stock of 
implements and vehicles, which he 
keeps on hand ready to supply the 
demand, that he is entitled to a 
legitimate profit on his wares. We 
will watch the Governor's action 
in the matter with considerable 

Does Your Lid Rattle ? 

During a recent gathering of re- 
tail merchants, held in Minnesota, 
one of the speakers of the day 
got off a new thing in the line of 
pithy observations. During the 
course of his address he said that 
he had very little use for the man 
"whose lid did not rattle" occasion- 
ally. He cited his reason for the 
use of these words by telling his 
audience that enthusiasm in busi- 
ness often reminded him of boiling 
water in a tea kettle. All have 
noticed how the kettle lid will 
rattle when water has reached the 
boiling point. He considered steam 
and enthusiasm both amounted to 
the same thing in their respective 
spheres. The man "whose lid 
does not rattle" occasionally, is, as 
a rule, a dullard. He has not got 
the "get up and get" style so 
essential to success, consequently 
he has nothing to get enthusiastic 
over, therefore his "lid never 
rattles." Does yours? 

Telephone Facts. 

There are now 3,315,000 tele- 
phones in use in North America. 
There are 65,000 wage earners and 
15,000 salaried officials and clerks, 
whose livelihood is directly trace- 
able to the electrical transmission of 
speech, and whose salaries amount 
to something like $36,000,000 an- 
nually. These facts will be most 
surprising to many who remember 
the doubt and discussion the prac- 
tical utility of the telephone received 
shortly after its invention and be- 
fore it came into general use. 

"Good temper is like a sunny 
day; it sheds its brightness on 
everything."— W. G. Willis. 

June, 1905. 



Fire Causes Serious Less. 

We regret to report the total des- 
truction by fire, of the mammoth 
seven storey building and the mag- 
nificent stock of the Scott Furni- 
ture Co., of Main Street, that took 
place on the evening of the 13th 
inst. The fire was started by a 
flash of lightning, from the worst 
electrical storm we have had this 
season, travelling down the fire 
escape and igniting in the ground 
floor. The flames spread with 
amazing rapidity, the large elevator 
passage acting as a flue and carry- 
ing the fire to all floors almost 
immediately, thus making it the 
hottest conflagration the local brig- 
ade have had to contend with for a 
considerable period. The water 
pressure was exceedingly poor, 
due, in a measure, to the bursting 
of a main on Garry Street, a short 
distance from the scene of des- 
truction. Four firemen were in- 
jured, but none seriously, through 
coming in contact with a live wire. 
The walls fell outward entirely de- 
molishing a number of small wood- 
en stores adjoining. The building 
was erected last year at a cost of 
$60,000 and contained stock worth 
$80,000. It was insured to the 
amount of the latter figure. 


Photographed specially for Canadian Farm Implements 

During the 15th and 17th of June, Winnipeg celebrated the opening of her initial Horse Show, and while 
the effort left much to be desired, a start was made, and better results will undoubtedly follow at succeeding 
events of the kind. The weather was most unfavorable throughout the entire week in which the Show was held 
and necessitated a postponement from the original dates, 14th and 15th, to those given above. 

The general quality of the horses shown was slightly above the average, and there was a fairly large entry 
list. The various prizes were keenly contested, and the gymkhana and polo events proved most attractive sec- 
tions of the programme. Probably one of the best features and the most interesting to many of our readers, was 
that part of the show dealing with automobiles. The automobile parade, a photo engraving of which we show 
herewith, was one of the principal events of the entire exhibition. There were several beautifully decorated 
machines in line, demonstrating that the enthusiasts spared no pains in getting their machines to the fancy point. 
The first machine in the line-up is that of Mr. D. H. Bain, the second that of Mr. Jos. Maw, and the third that 
of ex-Mayor Arbuthnot. This latter car, which is a Cadillac, was awarded the prize for the '"best decorated vehi- 
cle in the parade." It was gorgeously banked by poppies and green leaves and presented a most pleasing and 
attractive appearance. 

The auto races were another feature that took exceptionally well. The prizes were about equally divided 
between the Marion and Olds machines, the property of Joseph Maw; and the Cadillacs and Darracqs belonging 
to Messrs. McCulloch & Boswell. 

Keeping the Rain Off. 

A couple of young ladies hired 
a livery horse to make a drive into 
the country. The liveryman told 
them the horse would be all right if 
they kept the rein away from his 
tail. On their return they were ask- 
ed by the liveryman if they had any 
trouble. "Oh, no," said one, "there 
was one little shower, but we had 
an umbrella over his tail so that 
never a drop touched it." 


Applaud us when we run, con- 
sole us when we fall, cheer us when 
we recover, but let us pass on — for 
God's sake let us pass on ! 



Built In Winnipeg to Suit Manitoba 
and Territorial Grain 

This mill takes the lead in thorough- 
ness of work. It will separate 
wheat and oats, liarley and oats timo- 
and clover, chess, cockle, wild mustard 
and wild oats from wheat or barley, 
rye from oats. »ild buckwheat from 
flax; cleans peas, beans, corn, buck- 
wheat and cockle. Almost a com-lete 
separation first time through. Oats and 
wheat sown together are separate i per- 
fectly by the Hkro. Sold wit!! or with- 
out bagger. Size— Width, 2ft. 4in. : 
length. 3ft. 9in. : height. 4ft. 21n. ; weight. 
1501bs.. baggers 301bs. 

Sold entirely through the dealer. A 11 
orders and communications from your 
territory referred to von. Write us for 
full particulars, catalogue, etc. 






June, 1905. 

A Case of Fool Judgment. 

"Through an advertisement 
appearing- in a paper, which I con- 
sidered reputable, I borrowed 
money to invest in the scheme ad- 
vertised, but I lost every cent." 
Such is the pathetic wail of an in- 
dividual who sought to get rich 
quick ; one who was looking to get 
something for nothing. He now 
lavs the blame to the newspaper 
and has filed some bitter remarks 
against what he terms his "hard 
luck." The question arises was 
the newspaper to blame? In our 
opinion, it principally deserves the 
blame, for giving publicity, in its 
advertising columns, to a fake 

The defence usually put forth 
by managements of papers accept- 
ing such advertising, is that 
they were not aware that the adver- 
tisement was inserted by a concern 
making a practice of duping the 
public. In reply to this defence we 
would say that if they knew noth- 
ing of the people who wanted the 
space they should have made en- 
quiries regarding their standing 
before accepting the advertising. 
The average advertising men can 
go through any publication and 
point out 95% of the fake adver- 

tisements contained therein, thus 
we are convinced there is some jus- 
tification in the claim of the indi- 
vidual who was duped, he believing 
that the paper was a reliable one, 
one that would only carry adver- 
tisements from reputable concerns 
in its columns. All strictly repu- 
table papers refuse to accept this 
class of doubtful business, and we 
are glad to number ourselves 
among them. 

One writer on the subject says: 
j "It is manifestly unfair to hold a 
paper responsible for the doings of 
its advertising patrons. 1 " We can- 
not see why it is unfair. If a 
paper is endeavoring to carry on 
its advertising business in the most 

creditable manner, full investiga- 
i tion should be made before a 
doubtful advertisement is accepted- 
Some newspapers accept adver- 

j tising indiscriminately without any 
hesitancy, and the result is that, in 
many cases, their patrons suffer 
serious loss. 

With the reader of the advertise- 
ment the matter, however, assumes 
another aspect. No person should 
go into any scheme without making 
a thorough examination of the 
business of the concern advertising. 
If everything is not all right, and 
as it should be, careful and full in- 

Bradley X Rays Frame Hitch Sulky 
A boy of 10 years can handle it. 






< > 

< ► 



Frame Hitch Sulky 

For it is a plow that has been tried by the most exacting farmers and 
given the best of satisfaction. It is a Frame Hitch Plow, High Lift, 
High Wheels, Wide Coulter Bearings. Patent Stop on Frame for 
beam to rest on, making the wheels carry all of the load, leaving no 
weight or friction on the bottoms. Perfect Fool-Lift — hands always 
free to handle team. Furnished with 1000-mile Magazine Axles and 
our celebrated "Garden City Clipper" Bottom. 

We make a full line of Farm Implements. The Bradley 
proposition is a paying one. Better call on us or write 
to our Canadian Representative in Winnipeg. 

DAVID BRADLEY MFG. CO., Winnipeg, Man. 

McRae Building, cor. King & James Sts. 

M J. MILLER, Head Office and Factory: 

Canadian Representative. BRADLEY, IWm U.S.A. W 

vestigation will invariably disclose 
the defects. Every man is expect- 
ed to be able to judge for himself, 
he should, therefore, be prepared 
to take his chance with the rest of 
us. The get-rich-quick scheme is 
always a fake and the man who 
pours his money into such a sieve 
must expect it to leak out. It is 
not a matter of "hard luck," it is a 
case of fool judgment. The mere 
fact that any business enterprise 
offers something for nothing is all 
that is necessary to brand it a 

Twine Market Steady. 

There is practically nothing new 
in the binder twine market, the 
general situation being about the 
same as at our last report. Accord- 
ing to some despatches, there is a 
slight tendency to lower prices 
among dealers in certain sections, 
but, from our most authentic 
sources, we learn that, if anything, 
the market is a trifle stronger. 
Crop reports from all over the con- 
tinent show that the outlook gives 
promise of an abnormally large 
harvest, and, with this in view, 
many claim that there is not 
enough twine in sight to supply 
the demand. In view of this fact, 
we expect to see the market get 
more active, with probabilities of 
a slight increase in ptice during 
the next six weeks. There is, 
however, no change in the prices 
we quoted in our May issue. 

The "good fellow" is a "has- 
been" in the business world to-day. 
The man who commands business 
is the man who knows his business 
backwards, forwards and upside 

Binder Twine War. 

From several newspaper reports 
received at this office indications 
point to the biggest binder twine 
war in the history of this country, 
the field of operations being that 
part of the United States lying 
along the Pacific Ocean. The 
principals in this struggle are the 
Tubbs Cordage Co., of San Fran- 
cisco, the Portland Cordage Co., of 
Portland, Oregon, on the one side, 
and the International Harvester 
Co. of America and their agencies 
on the other. The home concerns 
are prepared to make a hard fight, 
for their existence is practically at 
issue, and if the International Co. 
win it will only be after a prolonged 

It is learned that the Inter- 
national Harvester Co. have threat- 
ened to cancel all contracts for 
binders with agents who handle any 
other make of twine than their 
own. In view of this fact their 
opponents have determined to mar- 
ket their own product on their own 
account, through agents of their 
own employing or in any other feas- 
ible manner. The fact that the 
Pacific Coast manufacturers have 
heretofore turned out an excellent 
quality of twine, that they are much 
closer to the Philippine Islands, 
from which the hemp supply is re- 
ceived, and that their freight char- 
ges on their raw material is lower 
than that of the International Co. 
gives them a decided advantage in 
this struggle. 

The market is at present practi- 
cally demoralized owing to farmers 
refusing to order twine, in the hope 
that a twine war will be inaugur- 
ated, from which they alone would 
get the benefit. The struggle will 
be watched with interest. 






Best for the FARMER 
To Buy to USE, 


Best for the DEALER 
To Buy to SELL 


TRADE MARK (Rf.cistebed) 

GILT EDGE, 650 ft. Pure Manila 
GOLD LEAF, 600 ft. Manila 
SILVER LEAF, S50 ft. Standard Manila 
MAPLE LEAF, 500 ft. Standard 

The Brantford Cordage Company, Limited, Brantford, Canada. 

June, 1905. 



Personal — Continued 

Mr. Geo. Forsyth, manager of 
the Regina Branch of the Massey- 
Harris Co., is at present visiting 
the factory and home office of the 
company at Toronto. 

The business hitherto carried on 
under the name of E. E. Devlin & 
Co., importers of Chicago aermotor 
windmills and pumps, Austin & 
Howell's well-drilling machines, 
etc., has been changed to the Dev- 
lin-Tyrrell company with Mr. C. 
S. Tyrrell, late of the Hudson's Bay 
Company, as local manager, with 
offices and showrooms at 140 Prin- 
cess Street, Market Square. 

Mr. A. C. McRae, has gone East 
on a business trip of about three 
weeks' duration. During his ab- 
sence- he will visit the Palmerston 
Carriage Co., at Mount Forest, 
Ont. ; John Campbell & Sons, 
London, Ont. ; Ottawa Car Co., 
Ottawa, Out.; Borland Carriage 
Co., Stratford, Ont.; and the Mil- 
burn Wagon Co., of Toledo, Ohio. 
While away he will also visit 
friends at Gananoque, Ont. Mrs. 
McRae accompanied him. 

Mr. M. J. Miller, Canadian 
representative of the David Brad- 
ley Mfg. Co., of Bradley, 111., re- 
cently returned from a trip up the 
Prince Albert and main lines of the 
C.P.R. He reports splendid crop 
prospects, due to fine warm weather 
and sufficient rain. New towns 
are booming all along the lines he 
travelled. Pie stated that he had 
a successful trip and that the imple- 
ment business is in an exceedingly 
satisfactory condition, with better 

Mr. J. A. MacDonald, our old 
friend who recently left Fort Qu'- 
Appelle to engage in the implement 
business at Lipton, Assa., gave us 
a call a short time ago. He re- 
ports everything in the vicinity of 
Lipton as "finer than silk." The 

crops are coming along well. 
There has been abundant rain and 
warm weather, and the farmers 
are jubilant. The implement busi- 
ness is fairly active and the pros- 
pects for future sales are excep- 
tionally bright. If John A's. per- 
sonal appearance is any indication 
we heartily agree with him and 
think that the implement business 
must be in about the same condi- 
tion as things in the vicinity of 
Lipton, Assa. 

Just before going to press we 
have been informed, in fact we 
have seen the statement in type, 
that our old and esteemed friend, 
Mr. John E. Menzies, implement 
dealer at Minnedosa, is giving up 
business. We have been aware 
for some time that it was Mr. Men- 
zies' intention to drop out of the 
implement and vehicle business, but 
we had hopes that it would not be 
for a considerable period yet. Mr. 
Menzies has made a success of the 
implement business. He has been 
engaged in it for a long time and has 
had his share of buffets and defeats 
in connection with it. Undaunted, 
however, he has kept right at it, 
and we have no hesitancy in saying, 
that Mr. Menzies will have no diffi- 
culty in "keeping the wolf from 
his door" for the remainder of his 
days. In 1904 and also 1905, Mr. 
Menzies was elected President of 
the Western Retail Implement 
Dealers' Association, of which he 
has, since its inauguration, been an 
active member. While the Associa- 
tion has not been all the success de- 
sired, the fault lies not with the 
President, for he has ever, and 
always, been a most painstaking 
official in its interests. 

This is the month of weddings, 
therefore it is in order that we 
should receive calls from newly 
married couples. A visit of this 
kind that gave us a good deal of 
pleasure recently was that of Mr. 

Save Your Batteries 

by using a 


It is an Automatic Sparker 
run off the Flywheel of 
your Gasoline Engine by 
means of a Friction Gover- 
nor Pulley. It not only 
does away with the use of 
Batteries, but saves Gaso- 
line as well, for it will 
ignite charges that are a 

little too weak or too rich and gets work out of them that a Battery would not. 

cooper gasoline engine co„3I3 donald street, winmpeg. 

T. C. Tinline, of Toronto, and his 
bride, formerly Miss Bessie Brown. 
Mrs. Tinline, we might mention, is 
perhaps more widely known to the 
implement trade than any other 
lady in Canada, having had charge 
of the office of our sister paper, 
Canadian Implement & Vehicle 
Trade, since its inception. Mr. 
Tinline is assistant manager of the 
Wilkinson Plow Co., of Toronto, 
and has a wide and favorable ac- 
quaintance with both manufac- 
turers and dealers all over the 
country. That both these young 
people are exceedingly popular in 
their home town is attested by the 
number of valuable and useful pre- 
sents received by them, among 
which were two handsome sets of 
silver ; one being from the employ- 
ees of the Wilkinson Plow Co., and 
the other from Canadian Implement 
& Vehicle Trade. On the eve of his 
wedding, Mr. Ffolkes, manager of 
the company with which Mr. Tin- 
line is connected, presented him 
with a handsome cheque. Both 
Mr. and Mrs. Tinline have pre- 
viously visited Winnipeg on separ- 
ate occasions. They speak in 
glowing terms of the improvements 
made here and marvel at the city's 
rapid growth. They, however, 
consider Toronto an ideal city in 
which to reside and are making 
their home there. We have much 
pleasure in wishing Mr. and Mrs. 
Tinline long life and happiness. 

Excellent Maps. 

The Stovel Company, engravers, 
lithographers and printers, of this 
city, recently handed us a complete 
series of their vest pocket maps. 
These are the neatest thing in the 
map line that has ever come to our 
notice. Printed on a fine quality 
of paper these maps compare 
favorably with any we have ever 
seen, both in workmanship and 
fullness of detail. They are in- 
dexed throughout. The Company 
are to be congratulated on their 
efforts. As we understand they 
are the only concern in the Domin- 
ion that are able to engrave maps 
by the wax process ; in fact there are 
scarcely half a dozen in America 
equipped to execute this class of 

Building New Warehouse. 

Deere & Co., of Moline, 111., re- 
cently commenced the erection of a 
five-storey warehouse, of the latest 
type of mill construction. It will 
be one of the finest buildings of the 
kind on the continent, and will be 
connected with the other branches 
of the concern by an elaborate con- 
veying system. When completed 
this structure will cost in the neigh- 
borhood of $100,000. 

Fairbanks' Standard Scales 

We are prepared to sell 


on a Commission basis and will quote terms on request 

The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Ltd. 




June, 1905. 

Thinkers Prefer Quality. 

It is an admitted fact that many 
dealers, and also farmers, are car- 
ried away with goods that have 
only price to recommend them. 
Too much attention is given to 
cheapness and not enough to qual- 
ity. The craze for cheapness has be- 
come so prevalent that now many 
implements and vehicles are turned 
out more with a view to pleasing 
the appearance than for practical 
use and durability. This, in a con- 
siderable measure, is the direct re- 
sult of the establishment of the 
mail order "catalogue house." 
Concerns of this type have found 
that plenty of paint and varnish, 
well applied, will cover a multitude 
of defects, that are, as a rule, found 
on the implements sold by them. 

Following the publication of an 
expose of a separator manufac- 
turing concern, made by a promin- 
ent trade paper across the line, 
which we reproduced in our last 
issue, a reader said to us : "How do 
you reconcile your statement, that 
the catalogue house turns out a 
poor quality of goods, when you 
say they are selling the same iden- 
tical separator as that sold by the 
implement dealers of Iowa, and 
elsewhere?" The question is rather 
a staggerer, but we made it clear 
to him, or tried to, in the following 

We do not claim that all the 
goods turned out by the "catalogue 
house" are worthless. We have 
never claimed that. What we do 
claim is that the bulk of these goods 
arc not equal in quality to those 
sold by the implement dealer. Were 
the "catalogue house" to sell goods 
of equal quality with those sold by 
the local dealer, it would be in 
business but a short time, as the 
difference between local freight 

rates and carload rates is so great 
as to change the price, to the con- 
sumer, in favor of the local dealer. 
But when by cutting prices, and, 
as a rule, supplying inferior goods, 
for the bulk of the product of the 
"catalogue house" is admittedly 
inferior, it cuts into the legitimate 
trade of the local dealer, then we 
consider the dealer has cause for 

There is nothing to be gained by 
the dealer, or the farmer, who pur- 
chases low priced goods of poor 
quality. It is much more profit- 
able to pay the difference and se- 
cure vehicles and implements, guar- 
anteed to give satisfaction, not only 
in practical use, but in lasting quali- 
ties. Low price is undoubtedly a 
strong lever in alluring customers, 
but. the farmer who buys a cheap 
article is likely to forget that he 
only paid the price for an inferior 
article, when that article does not 
give him satisfaction, consequently 
to the manufacturer or dealer a 
customer is lost. 

The dealer who makes it his 
business to talk quality rather then 
cheapness, and can deliver the 
goods, is the one that will attract 
customers to his place of business, 
and such customers, as purchase, 
will remember the satisfaction and 
durability of the goods bought long 
after the price has gone from the 
mind. Cheapness is the bait that 
draws the unthinking buyer, 
whereas quality is of supreme im- 
portance to the thinker. He is a 
wise dealer, or farmer, who is a 

Price Cutting Poor Policy. 

"He cuts prices." What a vast 
amount of information we glean 
fn >m this short sentence. What an 
amount of thought and train of 

ideas it brings to the mind of the 
modern business man. How well 
he knows the evil effect if one man 
indulges in this practice in order 
to force another man out of busi- 
ness. The old and the wise dealer 
never favors this policy. He knows 
the results to be derived from this 
sort of business and does not be- 
lieve in a policy of retaliation. He 
would prefer to meet his competitor 
and discuss a scale of prices and 
profits with him. If all men could 
see this question in the same light 
how little trouble there would be 
in business life. 

We hear on every hand that 
"Competition is the life of trade," 
and so it probably is, but competi- 
tion is not necessarily cutting prices 
and adopting other means for the 
wresting of the trade from "the 
other fellow." The worst offender 
in the matter of cut prices is, as a 
rule, the latest addition to the busi- 
ness. He deems it essential to his 
success to force the other man to 
the wall, if not by fair means, then 
by any other he cares to adopt. 
The result is that he arouses the 
ire of his brother dealer and the 
trouble has commenced. How often 
we have heard one man say, "Well, 
if he can afford to sell at that price 

I guess I can go him one better." 
The result is that both are losing 
heavily to the benefit of their cus- 
tomers, who are generally anxious 
to see such trouble because they 
will then be able to purchase goods 
for a reduced price. 

How much better it would be 
for the dealers to get together and 
arrange some scale of prices. How 
much better each would get along. 
More money would be made and a 
better relationship would exist. No 
concern can live that does not make 
normal profits. If the co-operative 
concern is a failure because of this 
fact, why then should the dealer 
expect to succeed in such tactics. 
The question is one that can only 
be settled by a complete under- 
standing among the merchants of 
a town as to what prices they will 
charge. The dealer who is pre- 
pared to meet his competitor half 
way has accomplished something, 
and if an agreement is reached so 
much the better for all concerned. 

Ambition is the world-moving 
lever that achieves. Many a man, 
whose ambition is not awake to 
life's opportunities, falls far short 
of the possibilities which his limi- 
tations encompass. Have faith in 
yourself ! aim high ! work ! The 
results will bring a satisfaction 
that will amply repay you. 

Paris Scotch Clipper 

Foot Lift 

M. J. MILLER Canadian Representative 


Gang, Sulky and Walking Plows 
Disc and Drag Harrows 

Straw Cutters, Grain Grinders 
Manure Spreaders, Wheel Barrows 
Studebaker Farm and Delivery Wagons 
Municipal and Contractors' Supplies 


Cor. Nena and Logan Sts. 


June, 1905. 


The Point of Utility. 

A Wisconsin agricultural expert 
says various tests and observations 
have demonstrated that for general 
farm crops, moderate dressings of 
manure, spread frequently, evenly 
and widely over the farm, will 
bring larger returns than when it 
is applied in large quantities to 
limited areas at long intervals. 
Herein lies the great utility of the 
manure spreader. Let no dealer 
longer ignore the opportunities 
afforded by this machine. 

Rules of a Montana Hotel. 

In a little mining town up in 
Montana there is a hotel in which 
there is posted a notice to guests 
which reads as follows: — 


Guests of this hotel will please 
bear in mind that we will not be 
responsible for either their lives or 
their property. There are places 
convenient where valuables may be 
deposited for safe keeping, and 
where life and accident insurance 
policies may be secured. 

Guests are requested to use 
proper care and caution when 

shooting at each other in the dining 
room, as a reckless discharging of 
firearms is liable to result in the 
unnecessary killing of innocent and 
unsuspecting parties. 

Guests will be expected to pay 
for whatever tableware they break 
in throwing at one another. This 
rule will be insisted on. 

If guests have any complaint to 
make regarding the conduct of 
waiters, they will please not come 
to us about it. The waiters carry 
pistols, and are supposed to know 
how to use them, and they will 
settle all their own difficulties. 

Guests must not put their feet 
on the table, especially if ladies are 
present. The act may be harmless 
enough, but there are fastidious 
people who object to it, and we are 
here to cater to the highest and most 
refined class of society. 

Guests who are not willing to 
sleep in the same bed with another 
guest need not stop at this hotel. 
We do not care for the patronage 
of people who want the earth, with 
the moon thrown in, for one dollar. 

This hotel positively will not bear 
any part of the funeral expenses of 
people who get killed while stop- 
ping here — not even of those who 

are forced to shoot in the interest 
of 'society and good order. 

Guests wishing to attract the at- 
tention of a waiter are requested to 
call or whistle for him. This is 
better than shooting him through 
the ea«- or nose, and besides, it will 
save funeral expenses. 

The public will bear in mind that 
this is no cheap house, but that it 
is a first-class, high-toned hotel. 
Therefore guests are expected to 
conduct themselves in a gentleman- 
ly, well-bred manner. This will be 
strictly insisted on, even if it be 
necessary to resort to the use of 
our guns. 

Thomas P. Montfort. 

The Devil and the Lawyers. 

The devil came up to the earth one day 
And into a court house wended his 

Just as an attorney, with a very grave 

Was proceeding to argue the points in 
a case. 

Now a lawyer his majesty never had 

For to his dominions none ever had 

And he felt very anxious the reasons 
to know 

Why none had been sent to the regions 

'Twas the fault of his agents, his maj- 
esty thought, 

That none of the lawyers had ever 
been caught, 

And for his own pleasure he felt a 

To come to the earth and the reason 

Well, the lawyer who rose with a 

visage so grave, 
Made out his opponent a consummate 


And the devil was really most highly 

To hear the attorney so greatly abused. 

But soon as the speaker had come to 
a close 

The counsel opposing then fiercely 

And heaped such abuse on the head of 
the first, 

That made him a villain of all men 
the worst. 

Thus they quarrelled, contended and 

argued so long, 
It was hard to determine which lawyer 

was wrong, 
And concluding he had heard quite 

enough of the fuss, 
Old Nick turned away and soliloquised 


"If all they have said of each other 
be true, 

The devil has surely been robbed of 
his due, 

But I'm satisfied now, it's all very well, 
For the lawyers would ruin the morals 
of hell. 

They've puzzled the court with their 
villainous cavil, 

And I'm free to confess they've puz- 
zled the devil; 

My agents are right to let the lawyers 

If I had them they'd swindle me out 
of my throne." 


New Century Line 


Hay-Making Machinery 

Manufactured by 



Sold by 

The Balfour Implement Co., 


913 Union Bank Building 




June, 1905. 



Canadian Farm Implements, 
Winnipeg, Man. 

Dear Sin 

Allow me to express my appre- 
ciation of your most valuable 
paper. I must say that it is a 
paper devoted entirely to imple- 
ment dealers, and every dealer 
should be a subscriber, as the ar- 
ticles appearing each month are very 
suggestive and helpful. Your 
motto seems to be "Hew to the line, 
let the chips fall where they may." 
A proper motto. 

Your article on page 21 of your 
May issue, re "The Coming Cata- 
logue House" is a good one, and I 
would like to see some action taken 
along the line you suggest. 

Regarding Wholesalers. I put 
in no little time recently canvassing 
a customer, a farmer, for the sale 
of a windmill, and after the second 
or third call he informed me that 
he had the agency for a windmill, 
and that he was getting his mill for 
the same price that it would cost me. 
Another farmer purchased a buggy 
on the same basis, another a separa- 
tor, and so it goes. I can name 
several cases where, if the farmer 
wants a certain article, all he has to 

do is to ask for the agency, and the 
result is that the dealer is cut out, 
except when something goes wrong 
with the machine, then the dealer 
comes in very handy. 

I think that it is high time that 
dealers at country points were 
getting their thinking caps on. I 
feel confident that all interested will 
agree with me when I say that the 
local dealers of Manitoba and the 
North West Territories do more to 
tearing down their own business 
than all other forces combined. We 
have not the chance of a wolf on 
the prairie. We are blocked at 
both ends. In view of this circum- 
stance let us do something to place 
the present Retail Implement Deal- 
ers' Association on a better basis. 
We are sadly in need of the ser- 
vices of the Association at the pre- 
sent, in fact, I feel quite safe in 
stating that the dealers of Manitoba 
and the North West Territories 
never were so badly in need of an 
organization of this sort than they 
are now. 

I would like to have some of the 
dealers express themselves along 
these lines. Canadian Farm Imple- 
ments invites our views. Now is 
your chance. Open up. Show 
what you are made of and where 
vou stand. 

Thanking you, Mr. Editor, in 
anticipation of your giving these 
few lines space in your paper. I am, 
Yours, For Dealers' Rights, 

J. E. B. 

Regina Will Celebrate. 

Dominion Day is to be fittingly 
celebrated at Regina. On that day 
the inauguration of the two new 
Provinces, Alberta and Saskatche- 
wan, will take place, thus furnish- 
ing the occasion for a most elabor- 
ate programme of ceremonies. 
Public addresses will be given by 
Sir Wilfrid Laurier, who has sig- 
nified his intention to be present, 
and other representative men of the 
Dominion. A parade will he held 
and an excellent programme of 
sports has been arranged. In the 
evening a splendid display of fire- 
works will take place. 

Swindles and Investments. 

As a matter of course, swindlers 
are clever people. Were they not 
they could not get the money of 
others without more toil than is 
agreeable to them. And because 
they are clever they seldom work 
fields which are generally well 
known. Such fields are left for that 

vast majority who are conserva- 

Nor are the swindlers much giv- 
en to do the work of the pioneer. 
That also requires much effort; so 
the swindler chooses the mining 
fields which have paid richly, the 
orange groves, the banana planta- 
tions, the rubber trees, the sugar 
cane, the coffee hacienda, and with 
their known reputation to support 
his net, he spins his web and waits 
for flies to walk into his parlor. 
Whatever else the swindler may 
do, he seldom is guilty of choosing, 
as the field of his operations, a 
scene where he will himself have 
to dig up the truth and prove the 
richness oT the field. 

So it has become a recognized 
fact that whenever an industry is 
used by swindlers as a means for 
catching the dollars of the masses, 
that industry must have much gen- 
uine merit. Still, many are foolish 
enough to turn away from an entire 
and often great industry, known to 
be profitable when conducted with 
fair ability. — New York Commer- 

Dealers can make a greater suc- 
cess of their business by becoming 
better acquainted with their cus- 
tomers. Try it. 


It Is the Best Feeder 

For the Dealer 
For the Thresher 
For the Farmer 

Because it sells well 


Because it attaches easily; 

runs steadiest ; lasts longest 

Because it helps the machine 
to thresh better 

THE RUTH has performed best in every trying kind 

and condition of grain. 


Parsons Hawkeye Mfg. Co. 



June, 1905. 



It Should not Require a Calamity. 

The following valuable article 
recently appeared in the Implement 
Trade Journal. It contains much 
sound thinking, and applies with 
just as much force to the implement 
dealers of Western Canada,*s it 
does to those in the territory 
through which the Journal circu- 
lates : — • 

"If men could only he made to 
realize that in addition to the per- 
sonal satisfaction one feels when 
one has done one's duty, it pays in 
cash returns to he generous and 
public-spirited, there would he less 
difficulty in .organizing local clubs 
of retail dealers, and instead of 
having to coax men to attend the 
meetings they would he anxious for 
the date of meeting to arrive. 

"Sometimes men learn this lesson 
hy costly experience. The writer 
has in mind a certain town in the 
Southwest that had attained con- 
siderable size, hut which reached a 
point where the growth of the town 
had practically ceased. Like hun- 
dreds of other towns it ceased to 
grow, hecause the business men of 
the town were at" war with each 
other. Instead of working to- 
gether to advertise the town and 

build it up and induce others to lo- 
cate there, they had become selfish 
and each was trying to build up 
his own business by attempting to 
tear down that of his neighbors. 
Strife and jealousy had reached 
the point where the leading busi- 
nessmen passed each other on the 
street without speaking, and, of 
course, they never thought of trying 
to get together to devise ways and 
means to work together for their 
own good and the good of the town. 

"There was in this town one firm 
much stronger financially than the 
others ; it conducted the largest 
store in the town, and naturally, 
did the most business. The pro- 
prietors of the smaller stores were 
jealous and did all they could to 
get customers away from the larger 
store, and the owners of the larger 
store were trying to run the 'little 
fellows' out of business. 

"One night fire broke out in the 
business portion of the town and 
almost completely destroyed it. As 
is usual at such times everybody 
fought the common enemy and for 
the time being forgot that they 
were at war with each other. It 
so happened that the big firm had 
a warehouse that the fire did not 
destroy and which was filled with 

goods, and before- the fire had fin- 
ished its job telegraphic orders had 
been sent for several carloads of 
goods. The men who owned the 
'big store' held a meeting, and 
after discussing the situation issued 
a call for a meeting of all the busi- 
ness men and they said to their 
competitors in effect: 'We have a 
warehouse filled with goods, bought 
at the lowest quantity price, and 
we have more coming; whatever 
we have that any of you men can 
use in your business you may have 
at exact cost to us and pay for it 
when you get ready.' This action 
broke down the old wall or parti- 
tion that had separated the mer- 
chants of that town. The smaller 
dealers were encouraged and every- 
one prepared to rebuild ; an organi- 
zation of the business men was 
formed and the town took on a ne\^ 
growth, with everybody working 
together for the business interests 
of the town. They all made more 
money than they ever did before 
and there was no 'knifing' of each 

"It should not require a calamity 
to bring business men together. 
Common sense should teach them 
that more goods can be sold in a 
community where the merchants 
work together for the upbuilding 
of the town and that the man who 

deals squarely with his competitor 
will sell just as many goods, yea, 
more goods than he who is always 
seeking an opportunity to 'do' the 
other fellow." 

"Too Much Yapee Yapee no 

It is not what a dealer says but 
what he does that counts. A man's 
actions, rather than his sayings, 
determine his ability and worth. 
Many are prone to talk too much. 
It is a failing of the majority. 
Much talk does not win business. 
The most beautifully worded sen- 
tences are not money getters from 
a business standpoint. The Chinese 
who say, "Too much yapee, yapee, 
yapee, no good," about hit the 
nail on the head. Many' dealers 
have found this true in their ad- 
vertising experience. Figures and 
fact count ; facts that are right 
to the point, figures that do not de- 
ceive. All people are not from 
Missouri, but all people want to 
be "shown" when it comes to a 
qtiestion of buying. One writer 
has termed this the "show me" 
age. He hit it. People have to 
see to be convinced. If dealers 
would make the greatest success of 
their business it is essential that 
they be in a position to produce the 
facts and the figures. When they 
are able to do this they have a long 
lead on the road to Easy Street. 


Dealers ! 

A /Vewv Hay Rake would help the fanners 
very much in handling their hay crop this year. 
They could harvest it in much better condition and thereby make it 
of much greater value if they used a 



AN AIL STEEL RAKE— firmly braced to stand all kinds of hard usage 

A SOLID STEEL AXLE supports tlie frame. On all sizes except the 8 ft. the frame 

is trussed -an additional guarantee of strength 
THE TEETH are all tested before leaving the works; nothing but the best of steel 

could stand this test. 

Send for our Illustrated Catalogue, which describes our M chinerv ifl detail. 

Head Office 
ana Works : 






Has been sold in the Northwest'ftrritory for several years, long 
enough to demonstrate its superiority in all things necessary to 
a successful gang plow. 

The Beams are Extra Heavy for hard service. 

The Furrow Wheels have wide tires and enclosed dust-proof, 
hub boxes with large oil chambers. 

The Front Wheel is 24 inches high and runs easy. 

The Jones Patent Connecting is the best device on the mar- 
ket for controlling the rear wheel. 

The Jones Foot Lift is out of sight, it lifts so easy. 

The Gas hardened Concave Face Plow Bottoms are the spe- 
cial feature — guaranteed to scour and will wear 50 per cent, 
longer than any other plow. Why' Because the mouldboards 
are triple ^hin and the shares are double shin. 

FROST & WOOD CO., General Agents, 


J. THOMPSON & SONS MFG. CO., Beloit, Wis., U.S.A. 



June, 1905. 

Sharp Trader Fools Implement 

There is a story going the rounds 
in reference to a certain Sioux Falls 
implement and vehicle dealer which, 
if true, is certainly a good one. A 
certain party drove up to the place 
of business of the aforesaid dealer 
and wanted to trade a horse in 
toward a new buggy. The party 
in question wanted the dealer to 
allow him $00 for the horse and 
agreed to pay the difference be- 
tween the above amount and a 
vehicle that retailed at $100. The 
dealer could not see his way clear 
to allow the horseman $(50 for the 
horse, and consequently the deal 
fell through. The horse trader 
asked permission to leave his horse 
tied to a telephone pole which hap- 
pened to be directly in front of the 
vehicle man's place of business. 
This done, the horseman drove 
away. He had hardly passed out 
of sight when a third party entered 
the buggy man's establishment and 
Inquired if any one had a good, 
cheap horse for sale, remarking 
that he was in sore need of an 
equine to do some work. The man 
who sells vehicles said, "Yes, I have 
a horse for sale. He is tied to that 
telephone pole in front." To make 

a long story short, the third party- 
untied the horse, and after having 
him led forward, backward and 
every other way, gave the buggy- 
man $2 to bind the bargain while 
he went home to get the other $58. 
Soon the owner of the horse appear- 
ed and started to lead the animal 
away. The implement dealer came 
out and remarked that he had 
thought it over and if the owner 
would give him $40 and the horse 
he could take the $100 buggy. The 
deal was made, and in a shorter time 
than it takes to tell, the horseman 
left minus a horse but the proud 
possessor of a new buggy. The 
implement and vehicle man is won- 
dering how far the third party lives, 
as he has never returned with the 
other $58. The dealer still has a 
horse for sale for which he gave 
$00 and which is worth about $-5. 
— Sioux Falls Commercial News. 

Fortunes from Inventions. 

"Little things" have brought for- 
tunes to many inventors, says an 
exchange. The once popular Un- 
known as "Dancing Jimmy" yield- 
ed its inventor a $75,000 income 
yearly. The sale of another toy, 
"John Gilpin,''' brought its inventor 

$100,000 a year. Mr. Plimpton, 
the inventor of the roller skates, 
made $1,000,000 out of his idea 
When Harvey Kennedy introduced 
the shoe lace he made $2,500,000, 
and the ordinary umbrella benefit- 
ed six people by as much as $10,- 
000,000. The inventor of the 
Howard patent for boiling sugar 
in vacuo realized an income of 
$250,000 per annum. The millions 
Sir Josiah Mason realized from the 
improved steel pen he gave to Eng- 
lish charities on his death. The 
patentee of the pen for shading in 
different colors made $200,000 a 
year out of it. The wooden bail 
with an elastic attachment brought 
$50,000 a year to its inventor. The 
metal plates formerly used for pro- 
tecting the soles and heels of shoes 
from wear made $1,500,000 in -a 
year. The woman who invented 
the modern baby carriage made 
$50,000. A young woman living 
in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, yet 
realizes $500 a year from the in- 
vention of the Alary Anderson curl- 
ling iron. The wife of a clergyman 
made a fortune from the invention 
of the modern woman's corset. A 
little girl who invented the screw- 
pointed gimlet made millions. Miss 
Knight, who invented the machine 

for making paper bags, refused 
$50,000 for it shortly after taking 
out the patent, and realized a prin- 
cely fortune for the exceptional in- 
genuity her conception reveals. 

A New Invention. 

Charles Bjorklund, of Bowes- 
mont, N.D., has invented and 
patented a plow cultivator, which 
from a practical test is just the 
thing to root up and destroy nox- 
ious weeds. The machine is com- 
posed of two sections of small 
plows — fourteen in all — strung 
along a frame-work and arranged 
somewhat after the plan of a seed- 
er. Each section can be operated in- 
dependently of each other by lift- 
ing levers. The plows have no land 
side, consisting only of mould 
board and share in one, and are 
worked on pressure springs. They 
will cut as deeply as is desired and 
will turn all roots and weeds thor- 
oughly to the top, so that they can 
be easily collected and destroyed. 
The machine has been tested on the 
farms of Messrs. Nicholson, Mc- 
Kean and McLellan, in the vicinity 
of Bowesmont, and found to be 
practical in everyway. 

— Farm Implements. 


C A N A D A'S 

GRe», industrial exhibition 


JULY 20-28, 1905 



Reduced Fares on all Railways. 
Seven Days Racing. 

F. W. DREWRY, President 

Prize Lists and Attractions Pro- 
grammes mailed on application. 

R. J. HUGHES, Secretary-Treasurer 


Motors in Agriculture. 

The following from The Autocar 
gives the situation in Great Britain. 
In America the conditions are not 
exactly the same, as several trac- 
tion gasoline engines have been 
built not exactly in accordance with 
the specifications called for by this 

-Although the internal combus- 
tion engine in its stationary form is 
very largely employed where relia- 
bility is the main consideration, and 
has also been used considerably for 
motor cars where weight is of great 
importance, it is rather curious that 
so little has . been done to take ad- 
vantage of it for -the heavier class 
of self-moving engines. True, we 
find it employed with considerable 
frequency for heavy trucks, and 
(In isc who have had much exper- 
ience with these machines fully ex- 
pect it to entirely displace steam 
before very long. Explosion en- 
gines so used are, however, at pre- 
sent very few in number, while 
agricultural engines of the traction 
engine type are very numerous, 
and arc increasing rapidly. It 
would seem that the same advan- 
tages which have brought the motor 
so much to the front for other pur- 
poses, viz., the simplicity of the 
machinery and absence of a boiler, 
and the very small amount of fuel 
and water required, would obtain 
as largely" on a traction as any 
other engine, and would be found 

of a very great advantage indeed 
on a plowing engine. One of the 
great reasons why steam plowing 
is not really successful in this coun- 
try is the very great expense of 
leading water to the engines. Lead- 
ing coal is also a considerable item, 
if far from a station, but the water 
is usually the greater. There are 
many fields where there is no sup- 
ply available, and where it has to 
be led a considerable distance. 
Further, almost all water supplies 
in the country are at the bottom of 
the valleys, and therefore the water 
has to be led up hill. If this is done 
(as usual) by horses, then it some- 
times takes as many horses as 
would go a good way towards plow- 
ing the land without the engines. 
I have recollections of driving a 
plowing engine on some fields 
where it took eight horses, three 
men and three water carts to keep 
us going with water, and even with 
all these we frequently had to stop 
or run easy because we were short. 
Besides this, there was a load of 
coal to be fetched every day. Now, 
suppose the engines had been oil 
engines, it would have been quite 
possible to have so constructed them 
that they would run for a week 
without water, and for three or four 
days without oil. This would re- 
sult in an enormous saving, and it 
is quite possible that it would make 
motor plowing a success. For 
threshing the saving would not be 
so great, as there is usually, but 


8 . O O F» . IVI . 

» T . PAUL 

8.35 P.M. 


8.55 A.M. 


you wiu be impressed with the 
superior appointments of this 
famous electric lighted train. 

GEO. A . L E 

General Aoent 


Phone 2443. 513 Union Bamc Buildin*; 

not always, water handy ; but for 
traction work there would often 
be a great advantage in being able 
to go long distances without taking 
in supplies. Incidentally, there are 
advantages in the fact that an oil 
engine does not ^hrow out sparks, 
and can be started up much quicker 
than the steam engine can get up 

To make such an engine a success 
would necessitate its construction 
by an agricultural engine maker, 
aided by motor experience. The 
road wheels, winding gear and 
transmission would probably be 
exactly like those on steam engines, 
but in place of the steam engine 
there would have to be an oil en- 
gine and a friction clutch. The en- 
gine would, of course, have to use 
heavy oil, not gasoline, and would 
be a compromise between the stat- 
ionary oil engine and the motor car 
type. That is to say, it would have 
to be very much more substantial 
than the latter, but by taking advan- 
tage of motor car experience it 
might be made very much lighter 
than the former, and capable of 
being run over a much greater 
range of speeds. How the details 
would work out it would be diffi- 
cult to say, without actually making 
sketches of the machine, and no 
c'oubt considerable experience would 
be needed to make a thoroughly 
satisfactory machine. As a sugges- 
tion, we might take the following: 
Two-cylindered horizontal engine 
with cylinders about 8 inches by 
10 inches. This should be capable 
of working up to 30 h.p. or 35 h.p. 
at 350 to 400 r.p.m., and somewhat 
solutions tempor- 

more at higher rev 

arily, if desired. A large fly wheel 
must be permanently fixed to the 
shaft, and also a friction clutch 
driving a length of shaft in line 
with a driving pulley for a belt 
upon it. On this length of shaft 
there would be the necessary gears 
for, say three different changes of 
speed and reverse arranged much 
as in motor car practice, driving a 
countershaft, and from this counter- 
shaft the driving wheels and wind- 
ing drum could be driven in the 
usual way, with the usual clutches 
to connect and disconnect. 

For an Advertiser. 

If you toot your little footer, and 
then lay aside your horn, there's 
not a soul in teti short clays will 
know that you was born. The man 
who gathers pumpkins is the man 
who works all day, and the man 
who keeps a humping is the man 
who makes it pay. The man who 
advertises with a short and sudden 
jerk, is the man who blames the 
editor because it didn't work. The 
man who gets the business has a 
long and steady pull and keeps 
space in his trade paper from year 
to year quite full. He plans his" 
advertisements in a thoughtful, 
honest way, and keeps forever at 
it until he makes it pay. He has 
faith in all the future, can withstand 
a bankrupt shock, and, like the man 
of scripture, builds his business on 
a rock. — Neche Chronotype. 

The largest sailing vessel afloat 
is the German ship Preussen, 
which has room for more than five 
thousand tons of freight. 





"Meet Present Requirements — Future Needs." 

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Roll Top Desks. 
Standing Desks. 
And a Complete Line of Office Furniture. 




126 Princess Street, Winnipeg. 



June, 1905. 

Canada's Railway Development. 

The statistics of Canadian rail- 
way development, as compiled in 
last year's annual report, show the 
importance of the transportation 
problem in a country of such gjreat 
distances. According to this re- 
port, we have 18,988 miles of rail- 
way in operation and 1!),<)78 miles 
of track laid. The mileage record 
by Provinces gives Ontario 7,142, 
Quebec 3,492, New Brunswick 
1,44.-), Nova Scotia 1,050, Prince 
Edward Island 200, Northwest 
Territories and Yukon 2,094, Mani- 
toba 2.225, and British Columbia 
1,421. In 18G7, the year of con- 
federation, the total mileage was 
only 2,087. Canada has 167 steam 
railways. Twenty-five of these 
have been amalgamated and form 
the Grand Trunk Railway system. 
The remaining 112 have been more 
or less consolidated. Three of these 
are bridge companies with 4-i miles 
of rail, and one is a tunnel company 
with 2| miles of rail. The mileage 
record is led by the Canadian Paci- 
fic, with 7,4.">7. Then follow the 
Grand Trunk, with 3,154.58; Inter- 
colonial and Prince Edward Island, 
1,519.20; other railways, 6,959.89; 
bridge and tunnel, 6.96. Of these 
roads, six, with an aggregate mile- 
age of 351.62, are narrow gauge, 
and one, the Carillon & Grenville, 
thirteen miles long, is broad gauge, 
the measurement being five feet 
six inches. This record strikingly 
shows the rapidity of our develop- 
ment, and it becomes even more 
significant when we reflect that it 
is but a beginning, and will soon be 
augmented by another transconti- 
nental system. 

The record of public aid is 
more striking than satisfactory. 
The Dominion has contributed at 
the rate of $9,313 per mile con- 
structed ; the Provincial Govern- 
ments at the rate of $1,720 per total 
mileage constructed, and the muni- 
cipalities at the rate of $868 per mile 
on total mileage. The amount of 
capital invested in Canadian rail- 
ways, June 30, 1903, was $1,146,- 
550,769. The actual amount con- 
tributed by the Dominion was 
$177,677,689, by Ontario $8,418,- 
578, Quebec $16,445,242, New 
Brunswick $4,542,940, Nova Sco- 
tia $2,090,091, Manitoba $1,275,- 
378, and by British Columbia $37,- 
500. Municipalities had contri- 
buted, up to June 30, 1903, $16,- 
551,044. The train mileage made 
on Canadian roads in the year dealt 
with was 60,382,920. The earnings 
per mile for the same period were 
$5,059, and the expenses $3,554. 

The net income of Canadian rail- 
ways for the year ending June 30, 
1903, was $28,583,004. In that 
year they carried 22,148,742 passen- 
gers and 47,373,417 tons of freight, 
including 1,926,070 tons of flour, 
5,761,792 tons of grain, 1,345,203 
tons of live stock, 6,041,976 tons 
of lumber of all kinds, 2.0S:S,L>!I7 
tons of firewood, 7,266,388 tons of 
manufactured goods, and 22,958,- 
('•91 tons of other freight. Great 
as this record is it will be but an 
interesting comparison when the 
Saskatchewan valley and new On- 
tario are covered by a network of 
railed highways. — "Exchange." 

International Railway Tunnel. 

The plans for the construction 
of an international railway tunnel, 
under the Detroit river, between 
Detroit, Mich., and Windsor, Out., 
have just been completed, and 'the 
work will be started in the very 
near future. The cost of this 
gigantic undertaking will be from 
$10,1)00,000 to $20,000,000, and 
over two years will be required to 
complete the task. 

The Canadian Southern Railway, 
now controlled by the Michigan 
Central Railway, through a '.I!)!) 
year lease, formally ratified by the 
Dominion Government last year, 
will be the holding company for the 
international tunnel enterprise. It 
w ill either issue new securities out- 
right or will guarantee the securi- 
ties of the tunnel company. 

The Grand Trunk Railway have 
applied for, and it is likely they w ill 
be accorded the privilege, of using 
the tunnel on a rental basis. 








Baggage bonded through to Canadian points, no customs inspection. 

Thoroughly Modern Equipment 

Train leaves C.P.Ry. Depot 2.25 p.m. daily. 
Train leaves C.N Hy. Depot 5.20 p.m. dally. 
R. J. SMITH. D. F. & P. A. D. T. CUMMINGS, Ticket Agent. 

F. I. WHITNEY, G. P. & T. A., St. Paul, Minn. 

fs aiasa sMs SaSSaaSg aaaaaaaaasa « v x ~ « aai aaaaaaaaaaiiMiijSEal 






Ticket Office, 341 Main Street. 

Telephone :: :: 1446. 
Pullman Sleepers. All Equipment First-Class. 

For Reservation of Berths and Tickets, apply to 
R. CREELMAN, Ticket Agent) 341 MAIN ST., WINNIPEG. 

H. SWINFORD, General Agent 1 

PHONE 1446. 

y«iggssnsssss~ «aaS3aSa«a»a.«a« k wsa^ a x.a« »:.aMSa« saasa 


have resumed their Through High-Class 



between Winnipeg: 


and Port Arthur 



A Magnificent New Train — Comfortable, Elegant Equipment — Consisting of 

Can. Northern First-class Sleepers, Coaches of Latest Design, Excellent Dining Car Service 

Leaves Winnipeg 16.00k. 

Arrive Port Arthur 8.30k. 

\ T\ ATI "V f Leaves Port Arthur 18.50k 

i DAI LI { Arrives Winnipeg 11.30k. 

Connections at Winnipeg with all Canadian Northern Branch Line Trains 

Connections at Port Arthur with Steamers of the Northern Navigatio n Co , Canadian Pacific 

S S. Line. Booth S. S. Line, and Canadian Pacific Railway To and From all points in the East and South 

Rates and Imformation from any Canadian Northern Agent 


Phone 1066 
Phone 2826 

June, 1905. 



Gasoline Engines 



I. H. C Gasoline Engines are 
easy to operate and require little 
attention. They are economical 
because of the low consumption 
of fuel, together with their simplic- 
ity in construction and great dur- 
ability. These Engines have 
given thorough satisfaction wher- 
ever they have been introduced. 



I. H. C. Engines are made in two 
styles, Horizontal and Vertical, 
and in various sizes ranging from 
2 to 15 horse power. The horizon- 
tal is supplied either as a station- 
ary or portable engine. I. H. C 
engines are especially designed 
for use by farmers and dairymen, 
as well as by threshermen and 
mill owners. 

HORIZONTAL STATIONARY- 6, 8, 10, 12 and 15 horse power 
HORIZONTAL PORTABLE — 6, 8, 10, 12 and 15 horse power 
VERTICAL STATIONARY— 2, 3 and 5 horse power 

They are the Engines 
for the dealer to 
handle, because they 
are unquestionably 
the best Gasoline 
Engines on the market 

Canadian Branch Houses 

Calgary, N. W. T. 
Regina, N. W. T. 
Winnipeg, Man. 
London, Ont. 
Montreal, Que. 
Ottawa, CAN. 
St. John, N. B. 
Toronto, Ont. 

International Harvester Company of America 





June, 1905. 

Our Lines includs : 

Olds and Winton 

Lome Wagons, Grain 
Grinders, Bissell Disc 
Harrows, Wood Saws 
and Pumps. 

The Maw-Hancock Disc Plows 

in One, Two, Three and Four Furrow. Always clean. 
Are easv on the horses. Will work where all others fail. 







in every style, and can supply you on short notice. 

JOS. MAW & CO., Limited 

Market Square, 
Winnipeg, Man. 



323 James St. - Winnipeg, Man. 

M. J. MILLER, Canadian Representative. 


25,000 New Words and Phrases 

New Gazetteer of the World 
New Biographical Dictionary 

Edited by W. T. Harris, I'b.l).. I.L.D.. 
United States Commissioner of Education. 

2380 Quarto Pages. 5000 Illustrations. 

Also Webster's Collegiate Dictionary 

HIS Pages. MOO Illustrations. 

Regular Edition 7 xlOxtH inches. S bindings. 
De Luxe Edition ."; ' 4 \K\\ 1 ; . in. Printed from 
same plates, on bible paper. 2 beautiful bindings. 

FREE, " Dictionary Wrinkles." Illustrated pamphlets. 


Publishers, Springfield, Mass. 


OURS are the BEST 


Now that your customers are 
through seeding, they will 
have time to decide on the 
kind of POWER they mY 
buy for their fall and winter 

If they want a GASOLINE ENGINE, the 

" STICK NEY " Is the one for them. 
If a WINDMILL, they should have the 

If a SWEEP or TREAD POWER, the " BELL " 
will suit them. 


Double Acting Gusher 
Pumps, Wood and Iron 
Pumps. Feed Cutters, 
Land Rollers, Toronto 
Grain Grinders, Steel 
Saw Frames and Saws, 
Tanksin wood andsteel. 

— Empire — — — 

Cream Separators. 


Ontario Wind Engine & Pump Co., Ltd. 

83-91 Chambers St.— Bet Logan and Henry Ave. 

Winnipeg, Man. 

Write to or Ask 

McCulloeh & Boswell 


Sole Western Canadian Agents for 



Pearson Gasoline Launches 

We have the most modern and up-to-date repair shop in Canada ; 
LAUNCH and SKATE repairiug. 


Vol. II, No. 1. 


Fifty Cents Per Year Single Copies 
Postage Paid Anywhere. Five Cents. 






Sole Dealer Western Canada 

Note — We have a large stock 
of Second-hand Machines for 
Sale or Rent — Remingtons, 
Smith Premiers. Underwoods, 
Olivers and Empires. These 
machines are all in good order, 
some as good as new. 

W. J. ARNOTT, 404 Mclntyre Block, WINNIPEG, MAN. 


Established 1849 Capital and Surplus $1,500,000 

Offices throughout the civilized world. Correspondence Invited. 


OFFICES IN CA NA DA — Halifax. N S., Montreal. Que., St. John. N.B , Hamilton, Ont., 

Ottawa, Ont., Toronto, Ont., London. Out.. Quebec, Que , Vancouver, B C. 
C. 6. SCHAFFTER, Superintendent, Union Bank Bldg., WINNIPEG, MAN. 


Good Harness 

And for this write to 

The Great West Saddlery Co. 

Winnipeg, Man., or Calgary, Alta., for their latest Illustrated Catalogue. 


WdDird ©r Tw(0 0 o » 


Wesit Life 

In 1892 The Great- West Life Assurance Company was instituted in the belief that a Life Company, with all its financial interests in the West, 
could offer Insurance on unusually advantageous terms. 

How well-founded was that belief is indisputably proved by the present position of the Company. 

<J The average rale ot interest earned on all investments is over 7 % . 
«J The surplus to Policy-holders was, on December list, 1904, $540,692.44. 
<I The business in force in June, 1905, is over $22,000,000.00. 
(& The present Annual Income amounts to $1 ,000,000.00. 
Low rates of premium, high profits to Policy-holders, and liberal conditions account for this rapid growth. 





By Every One Who Uses the Latest and Most 
Modern Building Methods. Full informa- 
tion sent you on receipt of inquiry. 

Builders Equipment Go. Ld 







Building Materials of every Description in 



Tell us all about your requirements 
and ask for our 1905 Catalog. 


246 Princess Street Winnipeg, Man. 


July, 1905. 

De Laval Separators 

MERIT Absolute and Unquestionable is the Secret oi De Laval Supremacy 

any of its seven 
styles and sizes has a 
capacity not less than 
20 p.c. in excess of any 
other at a corresponding 
price. Moreover, it will skim 
closer, last at least twice as long, 
and is easier to operate and clean. 


That any machine which delivers cream from one spout 
and skim milk from another may be a Cream Separator 
only in a very limited sense of the word is, in 
plain talk, what the jury on Separator Awards 
said at the recent World's Exposition at St. Louis. 

this decision of the world's greatest living 
authorities on dairying and dairy ma- 
chinery offers a simple choice between 
the DE LAVAL with demonstrated 
superiority and the inferior kind, 
with its unsubstantiated 
claim of "Just as good." 

Everyone has heard of DE LAVAL Separators ; 
most people have seen them. All will be cordially 
welcomed at our Exhibit on the Fair Grounds, and 
cheerfully shown those exclusive features which have 
made "DE LAVAL" a household word over two continents. 


The De Laval Separator Co. 

New York Philadelphia Chicago San Francisco Portland Montreal Toronto 

July, 1905. 



Engrave on Your Memory 

These Facts: 



Constructed Scientifically, 
Of Light Draft, 

Able to Clean Well in all 

Front axle is mechanically and strongly braced 
from the frame. 

Frame is light and strong. 

Rear wheel is held rigidly in position while at 

Are made of 


High-grade, Well-Seasoned, Oil-Soaked 


They are Built to Last 

The bottom of the box is made double, front and rear 
over the bolsters, with steel plates over the bolsters to 

prevent wear. 

There is an extra cross-bar immediately in front of the 
rub iron, greatly strengthening box while turning. 

Massey- Harris Co., Limited 




July, 1905. 




Dealers ! When you come to the Winnipeg Exhibition be sure and call on 
— - us. We will have a good display at our Show-rooms. It will pay 
you to look over our Stock. We have some Special things to offer. 



will build up 
your trade 

We stand 
behind every 
with our 
full guarantee 

1905 Improved Jewel Gang Plow 

The above cut represents our latest High-Lift Gang, which we are placing on the Northwest Market this season, 

It is Light Draft, High Lift, High Grade and highly finished. 


Cockshutt Gang Plows, Cockshutt Sulky Plows 

Cockshutt Walking Plows 
Cockshutt Drills Cockshutt Disc Harrows 

Ideal Windmills 
Adams Wagons Armstrong Buggies 

Send for 

Money- making 






Vol. II, No. 1. 

Benefits and Values of 

While addressing about 100,000 
people in the Pan-American 
grounds at Buffalo, in 1901, a few 
days prior to his assassination, the 
late President McKinley said that 
"Expositions are the timekeepers of 
progress." When he made this 
statement we doubt not that he had 
in mind expositions such as he 
was then visiting, but we think 
that, in a measure at least, 
the statement is equally appli- 
cable to, and none the less true 
of, the large annual exhibitions held 
throughout this country. We do 
not know of any factor that has 
more to do with marking the pro- 
gress of a community than the 
local fair, and with a country at 
large, than its annual exhibitions. 
The fair is practically a barometer 
of the conditions prevalent in the 
territory upon which it depends for 
the major part of its exhibit, and if 
the country is not in a prosperous 
condition it does not take one long 
to find it out when a visit to the fair 
is made. 

The benefits and values of an ex- 
hibition arc mam-, but when traced 
out to their source they may be 
practically divided into two classes, 
viz., the educational, or that per- 
taining to exhibits ; and the amuse- 
ment, or that in which attractions 
play the most conspicuous part. 
After all is said, and everything is 
considered, we are forced to admit 
that the main feature and the most 
important factor in the success of 
an exhibition is its ability to edu- 
cate. If a show is not of such 
standard and quality that it is able, 
in some degree at least, to instruct 
visitors it has lost its usefulness, 
hence its value does not amount to 

In order to be successful, in the 
broadest sense of the word, fairs 
and exhibitions, whether the small 
local show or the large city event, 
it is of primary importance that the 
show be educational. The more 
instruction one can get from the 
exhibition the more value such ex- 
hibition is to the community, and 

also to the country. A country is 
judged by the quality of its pro- 
ducts, hence it is of supreme impor- 
tance that the quality of the exhi- 
bits be of the highest order, so that 
the visitor may carry away with 
him ideas and memories of only the 

The second most important thing 
in connection with a fair or exhi- 
bition is the amusement features 
or attractions. These should be of 
the kind that make for morality, 
rather than the opposite. In say- 
ing this we do not want to be mis- 
understood. In our opinion side 
shows, where obscene and disgust- 

ing language is used, and where the 
clothing of the females taking part 
in the performances, figuratively 
speaking, is such that it might be 
wrapped up, placed in an envelope, 
and mailed with a two cent stamp, 
should not be allowed on the 
grounds of any respectable fair or 
exhibition in the country. When 
one considers that practically every 
boy and girl in the country is a 
visitor to the local exhibition, it be- 
comes evident that to have attrac- 
tions not strictly up to the moral 
code Is bound to be injurious to the 

welfare of the country at a later 
period. Good clean sport, tricks, 
acts and horse racing are just as 
essential to the success of a fair as 
are many of the exhibits, but when 
these are of a degrading and 
lowering, rather than an elevating 
and uplifting character, it is time 
that such fairs as make a practice 
of engaging this class of perform- 
ers were relegated to oblivion as 
''things of the past." 

One of the most prosperous ex- 
hibitions, within the last few years, 
has been the Winnipeg Industrial. 
Starting from an exceedingly small 
beginning it has gradually grown 

and increased in size until to-day it 
is looked upon as one of the leading 
exhibitions of its kind on the con- 
tinent. This is one of the best evi- 
dences that Western Canada is 
making rapid strides along the path 
of progress. It has always carried 
an exceedingly high class of exhi- 
bit, and while at times its side 
shows have not been above re- 
proach, there is every sign that the 
management have recognized the 
necessity for some action along this 
line. This year the Industrial will 
undoubtedly be bigger, better, and 

Subscription Prick { yJJS, 

brighter than ever. With the im- 
petus received last year, when 
Winnipeg was the country's choice 
for a Dominion Fair, the manage- 
ment have been putting forth every 
effort to make the show a greater 
success. No pains have been 
spared by President F. W. Drewry, 
Secretary J. R. Hughes, or the 
various Directors to make the Ex- 
hibition of more value to Western 
Canadians than ever before. 

Every implement dealer should 
make an effort to be in attendance, 
lie will find the results most bene- 
ficial to himself. It will give him 
an opportunity to come in contact 
with the manufacturers, and also a 
chance to visit the city warerooms 
of the large implement concerns 
operating in the West, besides 
bringing him in touch with all that 
is best in the line of business he is 
following. He will be able to take 
in the attractions, both at the Fair 
and in the city, with much resultant 
benefit, for, assuredly, amusement 
and a little diversion from business 
are "the spice of life." 

Dont Forget Our Invitation to 

Again we beg to extend to all 
implement dealers and visiting 
manufacturers, a cordial invitation 
to make our office their headquar- 
ters, at least, to pay us a visit, when 
attending the Winnipeg Industrial. 
As we said in our June issue our 
latch string is always out, and we 
would be pleased, in fact delighted, 
to have any person or persons in- 
terested in the trade call and see us. 
Come in and shake hands with us 
and, if a lover of the fragrant weed, 
sample our cigars. Being situated 
one hundred and twenty-five feet 
above Main Street we have an ex- 
cellent view of that thoroughfare, 
as w ell as looking over the whole- 
sale business sections of the city 
from our windows ; thus a trip *o 
our rooms will be amply repaid, be- 
sides allowing us an opportunity to 
discuss trade conditions generally 
Any information or assistance with- 
in our power to give you will be 
cheerfully given. Our office is No. 
90T-2 Union Bank Building. Get 
off the elevator at the 9th floor. 
First door on the right. Impos- 
sible to miss it. Don't forget to 
give us a call. 

F. W. DREWRY, President, 
Winnipeg Industrial Exhibition Association. 



July, 1905. 

Dealers' Association Victorious. 

In an article in our June issue, 
under the heading "Tit for Tat," 
we drew the attention of our read- 
ers to a rather peculiar state of 
affairs that had come to light in 
connection with the action of the 
Minnesota Retail Implement Deal- 
ers' Association in urging the job- 
bers and manufacturers not to sell 
goods to members of the Farmers' 
Exchange of Minnesota, who, they 
claimed, were simply organized for 
the purpose of boycotting the deal- 

In view of the request the manu- 
facturers and jobbers gave the 
Dealers' Association their support, 
with the result that the members of 
the Farmers' Exchange were un- 
able to secure goods except through 
small manufacturers and jobbers, 
and then not in sufficient quantity 
to supply their wants. Finding 
this to be the case the Exchange 
complained to the Governor of 
Minnesota against the action of the 
Dealers' Association, claiming that 
it was a violation of the Anti-trust 
law. and requesting that the Gover- 
nor take steps to have their griev- 
ances redressed. 

The case was submitted by the 
Governor of Minnesota to the 
Attorney General of the State for 
a ruling on the question, with the 
result that the legal gentleman ren- 
dered an opinion to the effect that 
the officers of the Dealers' Asso- 
ciation violated no law in request- 
ing both implement and vehicle 
manufacturers and jobbers to re- 
ject orders received directly from 
farmers and Farmers' Associations, 
011 the ground that the Minnesota 
Retail Implement Dealers' Associa- 
tion does not control the output of 
farm machinery in Minnesota and 
could not, if desired, act in res- 
traint of trade. The following is 
what the opinion states : — 

"I have carefully examined the 
matter with a view to determining 
whether or not chapter 350, Laws 
of 1899 (known as the Anti- 
trust law), was violated, and 
after such examination I am 
constrained to say that in my 
opinion, while the letter of 
the Retail Implement Dealers' 
Association is contrary to the spirit 
•of the law, I do not think that it 
discloses enough to show that the 
law has been actually violated. 
The letter complained of amounts 

to a request to jobbers and manu- 
facturers not "to sell or make con- 
tracts with so-called 'farmers' ex- 
changes,' and indicates that the 
writer if he had the power would 
commit an act which would be in 
restraint of trade, but it does not 
appear that the Implement Dealers' 
Association has control of the sup- 
ply of farm machinery, or that 
they had sufficient influence with 
manufacturers or jobbers to pre- 
vent them from dealing with farm- 
ers direct, and there is, therefore, 
no evidence furnished by this letter 
alone of the existence of any con- 
tract, 'agreement or combination' 
which accomplishes any restraint 
Of trade or prevents the farmers 
from obtaining this class of machin- 

"The Implement Dealers' Associ- 
ation has advised those who have 
control of the supply not to do 
business, but in order to commit an 
offense which would be punishable 
under this law it would have to ap- 
pear that they succeeded in making 
an agreement with the persons 
having control, whereby they pre- 
vented their doing business with 
the farmers' exchange. In that 
case I am satisfied that it would be 
a clear violation of the law, and if 
such a result has been accomplished 
or such agreement made it would 
be a proper subject for examina- 

Awarded the Contract. 

The Town Council of Strathcona, 
Assa., recently awarded the Ontario 
Wind Engine & Hump Co., of this 
city, the contract for the erection 
of a 120,000 gallon steel tank, to be 
erected on an 80 ft. steel tower, for 
their new waterworks system now 
being installed. Tank and riser 
pipe are to be jacketed with wood 
for protection from frost, and the 
total cost of the outfit will be 

This cdhcern, who make a speci- 
alty- of elevated tanks for water 
supply and fire protection for ware- 
houses, factories and towns, have 
just completed the erection of such 
a tank for the town of St. Boniface, 
and also a similar structure for the 
C.P.R. in connection with their 
shops here. The former tank holds 
105,000 gallons and the latter 125,- 
000 gallons. In testing the pres- 
sure of the St. Boniface tank re- 
cently, it developed 35 lbs. at Nor- 
wood, a mile distant from the tank, 
throwing a stream of water from 
a inch nozzle, 55 ft. high, thus 
demonstrating the fact that the 
town has ample fire protection 
from tank, without the necessity of 
starting their steam pump except 
in emergencies. 

See our Exhibit at Winnipeg's Great Fair 




Gasoline Engines 

And the Celebrated 

Empire Cream Separators 

These are the only lines we will have at the Exhibition. But 
we extend you a personal invitation to take the Belt Line Car to 
our warehouse, 83-91 Chambers St. (between Logan and Henry 
Avenues) and inspect our splendid line of WINDMILLS, 

B. BELL & SONS' Horse Powers, Tread Powers, 
Feed Cutters, Land Rollers, Root Pulpers, 
Revolving Spade Harrows. 


Wind Engine & Pump Co. 


Between Logan and Henry Ave. 

July, 1905. 



What Do You Think? 

In a recent issue, "Harness," a 
United States trade paper, pub- 
lished in the interests of the trade 
its name represents, acknowledges 
receiving a number of enquiries 
with reference to the advisability 
of harness-makers engaging in the 
vehicle business. In reply to these 
enquiries, it says: — 

"This enquiry reminds us of th« 
fact that carriage dealers and pro- 
prietors of repositories are turning 
their attention to the handling of 
harness. In not a few cases har- 
ness is profitably handled by car- 
riage dealers, large and small, and 
their experience is that it helps to 
sell carriages. A ready reply would 
be to the harness-maker, that if he 
has the room to store a few carri- 
ages, especially of those chiefly used 
in his community, that it would be 
a good thing to do. There is no 
reason why the harness-maker 
should not sell carriages as well as 
the carriage-maker should sell har- 
ness. The question of care, shop 
room, insurance and lost time in 
Showing prospective buyers around 
all enters into the problem. Yet, 

it is possible for the harness-maker 
in many localities, if he were a 
mind to, to do some business in 
the way of selling popular vehicles. 
And that, too, in spite of the fact 
that the country is overrun with 
I dealers in vehicles. Of course it 
would be merely a side show or a 
side issue to handle vehicles, and 
more in the way of accommoda- 
tion, but the possibility is not so 
remote as is apparent on the sur- 
face. The 'legitimate' carriage 
dealer would protest against this 
sort of interference, and not alto- 
gether without cause. On the other 
hand, the harness-maker might 
have the same right to protest 
against the vehicle dealer handling 
harness, so it might be a case of 
six of one and a half a dozen of 
the other." 

The following is what Farm Im- 
plement News has to say concern- 
ing the above item: — 

"The regular vehicle dealer is 
not justified in protesting against 
the sale of vehicles by harness- 
makers if such sales are made in 
the proper manner, which means 
from a stock large enough to en- 

title the seller to be classed as a 
vehicle dealer. We think our con- 
temporary makes a mistake in re- 
ferring to the business as a 'side 
show.' This expression conjures 
up visions of sales by catalogue at 
inadequate profits. Business of this 
character is done by many harness- 
makers. " 

"It is equally true that many 
carriage dealers sell harness, not 
from catalogue entirely, but from 
stocks too small to make' them real 
harness dealers. If they invested 
in larger stocks they would prob- 
ably obtain a larger share of the 
trade, but they would be disposed 
to ask more profitable prices, there- 
by enabling the harness-maker to 
get higher prices for his work. On 
the other hand, the harness-maker 
would be more desirable compe- 
tition as a vehicle dealer than as 
a vehicle scalper, even though he 
obtain a larger share of the ve- 
hicle trade. Yet if the country is 
overrun with vehicle dealers, as bur 
contemporary says, why not advise 
the harness-makers to shun the 
vehicle business?" 

We heartily concur with all that 
has been said by Farm Implement 

Make the Paper to Sell. 

"Poison!" "Arson!" "Suicide!" 
"A Thousand Killed in a Big Land- 

Japs Take Port of Cronicroft!" 
'Bowie Hides in an Organ Loft!" 

Swindle!" "Boodle!" "Holocaust!" 
'Railroad Smashup, Ninety Lost!" 
Long Shot Takes the Handicap!" 
Poodle Dies in a Lady's Lap!" 

Murder!" "Typhus!" "Black Small- 

"Foraker Calls on George B. Cox!" 
"Strikers Must Work or Go to Jail!" 
"Machen Out on $10,000 Bail!" 

"Earthquake!" "Cyclone!" "Hypnotic 
Trance !" 

'Bulldog Tore the Lover's Pants!" 
"Died at Home While They Buried 

His Wife!" 
"Ingersoll on 'A Christian Life!'" 

"Duel!" "Mayhem!" "Prays for Rain!" 
"Italians Fight on a Panhandle Train!" 
"Kept Marriage Secret Nearly a 

"Carrie Nation Drunk on Beer!" 

"Briber!" "Fakir!" "Man Ate Son!" 
"Senator Dick in Washington!" 
"Work is Rushed on Men-of-War!" 
"Cut in Two by a Whirling Saw!" 

"Auto Ran Into a Bar!" 
"Crushed to Death by Electric Car!" 
"Ex-Convicts Must Leave the Town!" 
"Kansas Banker Can't be Found!" 

That's the kind of stuff we read, 
"Frightful Deluge!" "Awful Deed!" 
Let us read something better than 
"Strychnine Put in a Milking Can!" 
—Andrews No. 34,105, 

Ohio Penitentiary News. 

Do You Want 

to see 

Something Good 

in Carriages 


If so call and see our • 

Exhibition of Up-to-date 

Palmerston Carriage Co'sj 


\ M A. C McRAE'S NEW SH XTsnZ n s er K,n9 WINNIPEG, Man. I 



July, 1905. 









is the machine for you to sell. It is the latest 
addition to the Cream Separator field, and its 
advent and immediate success has caused conster- 
nation in the ranks of competing manufacturers. 

WHY ? 

1st. Because it is simple. No complicated parts. No trouble to adjust. Easy to operate. 

2nd. Because it is labor saving. The low down frame gives the arm absolute control of the crank, thus producing 
the maximum amount of speed with the minimum amount of resistance and exertion. 

3rd. Because it is the closest skimmer. It takes all the cream from the milk. By the sale of the UNEEDA a dealer 
will make more money than by the sale of any other make of separator. 

4th. Because it is built like a watch, not like a corn sheller. It is made of the best material, and constructed by the 
most skilled workmen that money can command. 

5th. Because it is the only machine on the market to-day that embodies all those features that go to make an up-to- 
date separator, and because it is thoroughly tested, both as regarding separating abilities and durable 
qualities, before it leaves the factory. 

6th. Because the UNEEDA is a Canadian Machine, made in Canada, by Canadians, and should be bought by 
Canadian Dealers for Canadian Farmers. 

Other machines are those of yesterday and the past ; 
The UNEEDA is the separator of to-day and the future. 

The UNEEDA factory at Pembroke, Ont., is working night and day. 

Write for catalogue, agents' discounts and terms, which are the most liberal given by any Separator Company 

! The National Manufacturing Go. 

Head Office and Factory 

Pembroke, Ontario 


C. C. MAGDONALD, Manager 

Western Branch 

29 Sylvester Bik., Winnipeg 

July, I905. 



What the Cream Separator has 
done for Western Canada. 

A decade and a half ago there 
w as not a cream separator in the 
Province of Manitoba, nor in what 
Was then the North West Terri- 
tories, now the new Provinces of 
Saskatchewan and Alberta. At 
that period there was hardly any 
butter produced in the WestJ 
Nearly all of this commodity re- 
quired for consumption was import- 
ed from the East and sold at hand- 
some figures, and some that sold, 
even at the high prices, was not of 
very good quality. 
. About the year 1892 the farmers 
of the W est began to pay some 
attention to butter-making, using' 
the methods in vogue at that time, 
viz., the old fashioned shallow pans 
and the deep setting cans. The 
quality of the product was such 
that it was not readily sought 
after, in fact, it had to go begging 
to be taken out of the tubs at all. 
We were in Montreal in 1893 and 
one day met a gentleman who car- 
ried on a confectionery business in 
a little town a few miles from that 
city, in the Province of Quebec. In 
conversation with that gentleman he 
informed us that he had made a 
purchase of some Manitoba butter 
that day and requested us to guess 
what he paid for it. We ventured 
to say 15 cents per pound. He 
stated that he had expected to pay 
that price and was prepared to pur- 
chase ten tubs, but when the dealer 
quoted him 7 cents per pound he 
changed his mind and ordered fifty 
tubs. He stated also that the qual- 
ity was only equal to cooking 
grease, but considerably cheaper 

than lard, and just as suitable for 
his purppse. 

Now the farmers' wives of the 
West had worked hard to produce 
that butter. They had toiled hard 
in mjlking the cows, straining and 
setting the milk, skimming the 
cream from the milk, warming the 
skim milk for the calves, which is 
sloppy work at best, and had wor- 
ried much over the ripening of the 
cream and the churning of the but- 
ter out of the cream, in working 
and packing the butter, and had 
taken it to the store and traded it 
for groceries or anything else they 
could get for it. That butter cost 
at least 12 cents per pound to pro- 
duce in the first place, then it was 
shipped to Winnipeg, stored there 
at an expense, and was insured 
against loss by fire ; then it was re- 
shipped to Montreal where it had 
to meet the additional expense of 
freight from Winnipeg, drayage, 
cooperage, storage, insurance, and 
commission and when placed on the 
market could command only the 
price of 7 cents per pound, which 
was fully 5 cents per pound below 
the original cost of production at 
the farm. 

It is quite certain that some per- 
son or persons lost a lot of money 
on that butter. If the farmers did 
not lose in dollars and cents, they 
lost their reputations as butter mak- 
ers, which is infinitely a greater 

In 1895 we were in British Col- 
umbia, visiting the cities of, Vic- 
toria and Vancouver. While there 
w e made some extensive investiga- 
tions into the butter business. We 
visited, and were shown through, 
all the store rooms in these two 

cities in which butter was kept, and 
we really had to blush for our own 
country, on having the butter 
pointed out to us that was from 
Manitoba and the North West 
Territories. The dealers out there 
called it "Joseph's coat butter," for 
the reason that it was of so many 
varied cojors. Each color seemed 
to have a particular order of its 
own. We did not have the nerve 
to make a close investigation of the 
odors but they were filthy in the 
extreme. We asked the dealers 
there why they did not throw the 
worst of it into the bay or the 
ocean, upon which they informed 
us that the Government protected 
the fish, therefore they were power- 
less to dispose of it in the way sug- 

As in the previous case the farm- 
ers' wives of the West had worked 
hard in the production of this but- 
ter, and it was bad, so exceedingly 
bad, that no one wanted it at any 
price. It was not their fault. They 
did the best they possibly could 
under the existing conditions and 
with the meagre apparatus that was 
at their disposal. Those conditions 
and the apparatus was not of the 
sort qualified to produce good but- 
ter. Everything in connection with 
the dairy farm was against it. The 
shallow pan in which the milk was 
exposed to all the unfavorable 
odors of the surrounding atmos- 
phere, and the deep setting can, the 
filthiest and vilest thing in which 
to place milk, were the cause of the 
exceedingly poor quality of the 
product. It could not have been 
otherwise because the very nature 
of existing things said : "This is 
the best product we can turn out, 
because this quality is our limit. If 
you want better results you must 
look further into more advanced 

and scientific methods. We have 
done our best, and our days are 
numbered." The dairy industry in 
the Province of Manitoba and the 
Xorth West Territories was in a 
condition not to be mentioned out- 
side of home, and then it was only 
safe to speak of it in "accents soft 
and low." Then came the advent 
of the farm cream separator. 
(To be continued.) 

All the Farm and Dairy Papers are 
advising Iheir readers to buy Cream 
Separators. THF 


Is continuously advertised in these 
same papers. 

Dealers handling the U. S. get the 
benefit of both advertisements and 

When a farmer gets ready to buy a 
cream separator he knows all about 
the clean skimming, low milk-tank, 
enclosed gearing, automatic lubrica- 
tion and general strength and sim- 
plicity of the V. S.-he s read it all in 
our ads. 

Show him the machine itself and it 
takes little effort on your part to 
make a sale. 

Seems as though you are losing 
money if you don't have a U. S on 
your sample floor— doesn't it? Why 
not drop us a line now— we'll tell you 
all about the U.S. by return mail. 



18 distributing warehouses in United 
States and Canada, mean prompt 

If you are NOT selling the 





You Should Be. 

A thorough examination of this popular machine will con- 
vince you of its merits. 

Call and see it at the Winnipeg Exhibition. 

The Ontario Wind Engine and Pnmp Co., our general agents, 
will quote you most advantageous terms. 

Write for Catalogue No. 121 to 

Empire Cream Separator Company of Canada, Ltd. 

Toronto - Canada 


Ontario Wind Engine and Pump Co., Winnipeg, Man. 


We are Sole Agents for 


The best belting for all kinds of farm machinery. Made of Extra 
Heavy Stitched Cotton Duck Maple Leaf Belting is giving 
satisfaction in all temperatures and is admirably adapted to the 
Northwest climate. 


As usual, we will exhibit our Cream Separators and other 
lines at the Winnipeg and Brandon Fairs, and will be glad 
to meet visiting dealers there and at our city warerooms 

MELOTTE Cream Separator Co. 

124 Princess Street 



July, 1905. 

A New Invention— Stook Loader 
Eliminates Pitchers. 

Another invention that promises 
to do much to solve the labor pro- 
blem in the harvest field, is that of 
Mr. Jas. Graham, of Roseberry, 
Man., who has recently perfected 
and patented an automatic sheaf 
loader, by means of which one can 
pick sheaves out of the stook, or 
from the ground, and load directly 
into the wagon; thus doing the 
work more cheaply and expedi- 
tiously than it can be done by 
manual labor. 

This machine, which has been 
named the Graham Sheaf Loader, 
is intended to be attached to and 
drawn alongside of the wagon, or 
it may be driven independently be- 
side the wagon by a driver with a 
single horse. It is built entirely of 
iron and steel, with the exception 
of the tooth-bars, deck and carriers, 
which are of hardwood, and the 
following is a synopsis of the 
claim allowed Mr. Graham by the 
Patent Department at Ottawa. 

The main frame, and the exten- 
sion of main frame, is supported 
by two large rear wheels, and a 
smaller swivel wheel in front. A 
solid steel shaft runs through the 
whole width of the machine, and 
has bearing on main frame and ex- 
tension. The rear wheels are key- 
ed so as to turn this shaft. Be- 
tween the main frame and exten- 
sion is a cog-wheel keyed to the 
shaft, meshing into loose pinion 
with clutch on shaft, by which the 
machine is put into gear, by the 
lateral motion of the gear lever. 

On the shaft is also a bevel 
wheel, and bolted to extension of 
main frame are bearings, for bevel- 
pinion and shaft carrying sprocket 
wheel at rear of machine, over 
which is carried the sprocket chain 
to run the carrier. The cylinder is 
hollow and revolves fast enough to 
clear itself, and is wide enough to 
handle either round or square 
stooks. It has a solid steel axle, 

If you require a 

Fire or 
Burglar Proo! 



write us for prices and catalogue. We 
can quote you prices lhat will interest 

W. Johnston & Co., Ltd. 

776 Main St.. WINNIPEG, Man. 

running in properly constructed 
bearings, bolted securely to main 
frame. On this axle the sprocket 
wheel with chain over sprocket 
wheel drives the cylinder. 

The spokes are screwed into and 
radiate from the hubs of the cylin- 
der. These are used for a two- 
fold purpose, viz. : as standards for 
spiral-spring casings, and for sup- 
porting rims and cover of cylinder. 
The outer ends of these spokes are 
threaded long enough so that in the 
event of a spring being broken, all 
that has to be done is to take the 
two bolts out of the rim and the 
casing is free. 

The spiral-spring casings are 
Hanged at the outer end, with bolt 
holes in flanges, by means of w hich 
the rim and cover of cylinder are 
secured by bolt. The casings con- 
tain spiral-springs, and a slot is cut 
deep enough in each to allow for 
the depression of the teeth, and also 
to act as guides to the gudgeons on 
the end (if tooth-bars. The tooth- 
bars are six in number and are 
placed at regular distances apart 
around the cylinder. They are 
made of wood and each of them has 
twenty-four curved steel teeth, 
which project between the sections 
of the cover of the cylinder. Into 

both ends of all the tooth-bars a 
gudgeon is inserted, carrying a 
small spherical roller. Each gud- 
geon projects through its spiral- 
spring casing and rests on the 
spiral-spring. \ 

As the cylinder rotates each pair 
of gudgeons, with their rollers, 
strike the under surface of the two 
compressors or flanges, which are 
placed at each end of the cylinder. 
Each tooth-bar by the rotation of 
the cylinder is thus- depressed, 
causing the teeth to sink within the 
cylinder and let go their hold on 
the sheaves. They are held down 
until they have passed from under 
the deck when, having reached the 
end of the compressors, the springs 
are released and eject them to their 
working position. 

A small roller on the end of cy- 
linder axle, operated by the sproc- 
ket wheel, revolves rapidly and is 
intended for the purpose of expe- 
diting delivery, of the sheaves into 
the carrier, and also to prevent any 
straw from getting in between cy- 
linder and deck. The cylinder 
cover is in six sections and they 
partly overlap the bar, leaving just 
enough space for the teeth to do 
their work. The gear lever and 
tilting lever are convenient to the 

driver when on the seat. The car- 
rier is securely bolted to brace-bars 
on the left hand side of the ma- 
chine, and has two brace-rods bolt- 
ed to the extension of the frame to 
support it. 

The carrier rake consists of end- 
less link belting and hardwood 
-slats, through which steel teeth are 
driven diagonally, starting back- 
wards. These steel teeth securely 
hold the sheaves and conipel deliv- 
ery of same into wagon rack. The 
machine is raised over obstructions 
by using a tilting lever which is 
placed on standard of front wheel. 

The inventor in a recent letter to 
us has the following to say about 
his invention: — "Any man or boy 
who can drive a team can put on 
his own load as all he has to do is to 
drive alongside the loader, drop the 
draw-bar from wagon behind the 
front wheel standard of machine, 
start up his horses and the loader 
will do the rest. When his load is 
on he merely backs up an inch or 
two, lifts his draw-bar, and the 
loader is ready for the next. For 
stook raising this machine will do 
away with all pitchers in the field." 

If this implement does all Mr. 
Graham claims for it, we are of the 
opinion that there is money in it 
for somebody. 


Only the best dealers in Canada can sell Canada's best 


They appeal only to people of taste and good judgment. They are sold by people who cater to 
the best trade, and who are in a position, financially, to control the best. We are exclusively 
wholesale. We deal through the trade. Once we contract, you will find us cast iron when it 
1 nines to protecting your trade. 

a c I 
o o 

The famous 


known for excell- 
ance all over the 
entire West. 

Our Plant is located in the West. Prompt delivery. 
Cheap and Quick Repairs. 

■- 3 

O O Q 

01 S= 


The most scientifically designed Mill the 
world has yet produced. 

We manufacture the Daisy Hayes Double Cylinder Force Pump in Black and Galvanized 

Literature and prices sent ai^-where upon request. Send for it and you 
will soon be convinced that the MANITOBA'S are the MONARCH'S, and 
that there is money in our lines for you. 

Manitoba Windmill and Pump 
Company, Limited 

Box 301 




No water tanks, no gasoline pump. 
Simple, strong, safe. High in 
grade, but high in work also. 

S&° Be careful when addressing us. Get 
it right. Say Manitoba and Box 301 

July, 1905. 



We Will NOT Make an Exhibit at the Fair Grounds, but 

At Market Square, Princess St. 

We Will Display a Full Line o-F 


A Complete Line of Trade Winners 

That's What We Otter You 



Webber Fanning Mills 
Blue Ribbon Vehicles 
Crescent Canadian Wagons 
Mandt Farm and Express Sleighs 
Stover Ideal, Feed Mills, Horsepowers, Etc, 
Munro and Mcintosh's Full Line of Cutters 
Mandt Wagons, Trucks, Etc. 
Fish Bros. Racine Wagons 
Sandwich Hay Presses 


You can't buy a substitute to do 
the work of the Good Enough Sulky. 
This Plow belongs to the Dutchman 
family. Let us introduce you to the 
whole family when you are in the City. 



Canadian Moline Plow Company 

Market Square, Winnipeg, Man. 



July, 1905. 


0/ y /?& 

Co m inercial 

mm ( — ) 





15 na HP 






The Immigration Department of 
the Dominion Government is the 
pioneer user of the automobile as 
an aid to colonization purposes. 
They recently ordered and have 
received a monstrous gasoline 
electrical wagon, illustration of 
which is shown herewith, from 
the Commercial Motor Vehicle 
Co., of Detroit, Mich. This wagon 
was accepted by the Deputy Min- 
ister of the Interior, after being 
subjected to a most severe test 
over the worst streets in Detroit, 
all of which this vehicle negotiated 
without the least difficulty. The 
following is a description of this 
car: — 

A heavy rectangular platform 
extends from front to rear of the 
body and is carried on the axles 
by four heavy semi-elliptic springs 
working in sliding boxes on the 

under surface of the frame. 
The wheels are fourteen 
spoke artillery wood ones 
coupled direct with the 
electric motors used in the 
company's four-wheel drive system. 
Near the front of the car is a 
four-cylinder vertical gasoline mo- 
tor of 16 horse-power, used to 
drive a 12-kilowatt generator for 
furnishing current to the four 2\- 
horsepower electric motors, one of 
which is carried by the hub of each 
drive wheel. 

A five-cell storage battery fur- 
nishes ignition current for the gas- 
oline engine and is used to run the 
generator when starting the car, 
the generator, in turn, serving to 
start the engine, thereby doing 
away with cranking. The storage 
batten^ is continually re-charged 
from the generator, but is automati- 

Canadian Colonization Car. 

cally cut out before being over- 
charged. The gasoline engine is 
water-cooled in the usual way, a 
horizontal tube radiator hung be- 
neath the floor of the car in rear 
of the front axle serving to cool 
the water. All cylinders of the 
gasoline engine connect with a 
cylindrical muffler carried in the 
rear, and near it is the large gaso- 
line tank. For steering there is 
used a large wheel on a vertical 
column, the bottom of which con- 
nects with the four wheels, giving 
the four-wheel drive and steer 
common to the Commercial ve- 

While the power plant is inter- 
esting in many ways, it is the body 
of this colonizer that is looked to 
to be the magnet that will draw 
the Britishers from their hamlet 
homes in the old land and induce 
them to settle upon the western 
prairies. Upon first glance it is 
circus-like in the extreme, but a 
plight examination reveals the fact 
that it possesses many devices and 

i decorations foreign to the circus 
van. The box-car body, built of 

! the finest grades of polished Can- 
adian woods, is 20 feet long and 

1 to feet high when closed, as shown 
in the illustration, but when the 


Write to or Ask 

McCulloch & Boswell 

mir THEY KNOW -m 

Sole Western Canadian Agents 'for 



Pearson Gasoline Launches 

We have the most modern and up-to-date repair shop in Canada ; 
everv facility- for AUTOMOBILE, BICYCLE, GASOLINE 
LAUNCH and SKATE repairing. 




Canvas Belts 

Eight inch, five ply, one hundred 
and fifty feet, is a good stock size. 

The sjoocls are right, our prices are 
right, and if you buy from us we 
will use you right. If you attend the 


call and see us. We are located two 
blocks East of the Merchant's Bank 

Write to-day for Catalogue 
and Discounts to Dealers. 

Threshers' Supply Co., Ltd. 


July, 1905. 



side doors are opened the length 
is increased to 26 feet and the 
height to 18 feet. On the top the 
word "Canada" is outlined in in- 
candescent lights and beneath the 
projections of the roof are rows of 
lights. Each side is resplendent 
with gilt letters and decorations 
extolling the resources of the 
Northwest and graphically telling 
the future of all who settle therein. 

The body divides itself into two 
parts; at the front is a cab con- 
taining all the operating mechan- 
ism, and the remainder is an ex- 
hibition room which is filled with 
products of the country. The for- 
mer space also provides sleeping 
accommodations for the driver and 
lecturer when occasion demands. 
The cab is lighted by day through 
large beveled glass windows and 
by night by numerous electric 
lights, while on the outside there 
is carried on one side the maple 
leaf, the emblem of Canada, and 
on the opposite side the Canadian 

The exhibiting features of this 
colonizer are unique. On each 
side are six doors, three of which 
are hinged to open upward and 
three downward. Within are other 
doors which open both to the front 
and rear. On the inner sides of 
these are arranged samples of all 
the grains, grasses and vegetables 
grown in Canada. The opening of 
all the doors discloses the interior 
of the car, which is stocked with 
glass cases filled with samples of 
fruits and cases of specimens of 
different minerals common to the 
sections of the country advertised 
by the vehicle. The beauty of the 





Id sending out their last specifica- 
tions for gasoline engines for West 
Point, the U. S. War Department reauir- 
ed them "to be OLDS ENGINES or equal, " 
They excel all others or the O. S. Govern- 
ment would not demand them. 

Horizontal type, 2 to 100 H. P., so 
simply and perfectly made that it requires no 
experience to run them, and 

Repairs Practically Cost Nothing 

i Send for a catalogue of our Wizard Engine, 
1 2 to 8 H. P., ( jump-spark ignition system, 
\tame as in the famous Oldsmobife) the J 
[ most economica l small power engine made; 
Lfitted either pump-jack or direct connected t 
\pump. Or, our general catalogue, show- 
ing all sizes. 
Lansing, Mich. 
Joseph Maw & Co., Ltd. 
WinnipeR Amenta 

Wlnoii»(, Mftoltob*. 

exhibits is enhanced by elaborate 
electric lighting. Each door is sur- 
rounded with them, and mixed with 
the exhibit case in the interior are 
numerous small lights. Power for 
lighting is furnished from the gen- 
erator and storage battery, and 
within the driver's cab is a switch- 
board for turning on the lights in 
any part of the wagon. 

Without load the weight of the 
wagon is slightly over four tons, 
and when fully loaded it approxi- 
mates seven tons. Under load it 
is said to consume one gallon of 
gasoline per hour. It will travel 
at a 12-mile an hour rate of speed. 

We understand that this wagon 
will be filled with agricultural pro- 
ducts of the Dominion — largely 
from the West — and shipped to 
Great Britain, where an expert 
operator and a lecturer will take 
charge of it and commence a tour 
throughout the country in the in- 
terests of immigration. They will 
visit parts remotely situated from 
railroads and where little coloniza- 
tion work has hitherto been done, 
owing to difficulties encountered in 
reaching such places. 

"Everything comes to him who 
waits and hustles while he waits." 
Keep at it. 

The Latest Power. 

Cheap power is the great re- 
quirement of the Canadian North- 
west and any development tending 
to reduce the cost of power is a 
decided boon to the country. Dur- 
ing the last few years in Europe 
and America there has come into 
use very large gas engines using as 
fuel the ordinary coal. Each en- 
gine is equipped with a suction gas 

Brandon, Man., have purchased a 
250 h.p. 3 cylinder vertical gas en- 
gine and suction gas producer plant 
from the Cooper Gasoline Engine 
Co., Winnipeg. This plant is 
being built by The Weber Gas & 
Gasoline Engine Co., Kansas City, 
Mo., and is to be installed by Sep- 
tember 1st. This installation is 
arousing great interest among 
power users in the West and should 
solve the problem of cheaper power 
for the milling and manufacturing 

Manufacturers Won't Lose. 

producer plant into which the coal 
is fed and made into a gas which 
is drawn into the cylinder of the 
gas engine and produces the power 
in the same manner as in an ordin- 
ary gasoline engine. By using the 
coal in this manner, instead of 
burning it under a boiler and mak- 
ing steam, the power is produced 
by about one-third the quantity of 
coal required to run a steam engine. 
The Alexander Milling Co., of 

An official of one of the imple- 
ment and vehicle dealers' associa- 
tions states that many manufactur- 
ers who protect the dealers by re- 
fusing to supply catalogue houses 
are taking it upon themselves to 
help the associations locate the 
manufacturers who are selling to 
these houses, in return the deal- 
ers are abandoning the sale of goods 
which are available to catalogue 
concerns, even though the articles 
are differently finished and sold 
under private brands, thereby in- 
creasing the protecting manufac- 
turers' share of the regular trade. 
Manufacturers do not lose anything 
by helping the dealers in their 
effort to preserve their trade. — 
Farm Implement News. 



2; hp' Weber Jr' 

Read What 
Two Users 


A Good Line 
to Sell 

JOHN ARDIKL, Brandon. June 29th, 1905. — The 2% h.p. "Webkr Jr." Gasoline Engine which I purchased of your agents 
here. McKellar & McNeil, is driving an 8 in. grinder and doing the work to my entire satisfaction. The engine starts 
nicely and is no trouble to handle. 

G A. EDWARDS, Kkrfoot, Man., Apiil 21, 1905.— The 2% h.p. "Weber Jr." Gasoline Engine purchased from your Carberry 
agent. Mr. John I.eckie, is giving nie the best of satisfaction. I have done work with it 1 never expected it could do. I 
have cut 20 loads of logs with it in 5 hours, and run through 12 to 15 bags of oats an hour on a 10 in. plate grinder with very 
little gasoline. My neighbors thought I was buying a toy, but when I got started they all gave me their work to do. I 
have more than I expected in this engine. 

We want agents to sell our full line of Gasoline Engines. Write us for particulars. 

Cooper Gasoline Engine Co. 313 Donald St - Winnipeg 



July, 1905. 

Implements on the Farm and 
their Uses. 

In no department of human en- 
deavor have labor saving imple- 
ments been of greater service to 
humanity than in the tilling of the 
soil. During the last fifty years, 
few questions indeed have so 
quietly and unostentatiously been 
working such a revolution as the 
improvements that have been made 
in the implements used on the 
farm. The contrast between farm- 
ing operations fifty years ago and 
at the present day is so great, that 
were one of our hardy ancestors 
who tilled the soil half a century 
ago to be placed in the midst of the 
busy hum of the machinery on a 
modern well equipped farm he 
would be struck dumb with aston- 
ishment at the ease and rapidity of 
carrying on the operations, which 
in his day required so much ar- 
duous labor. Great improvements 
have been made which tend to 
lighten the farmer's toil and give 
him more leisure, enabling him 
also to increase the products of his 
farm at a considerable reduction in 
cost. Those improvements too 
have caused two blades of grass to 
grow where only one grew before, 

they have made possible the vast 
wheat fields of the West, and have 
aided greatly in extending the 
operations of agriculture. Thus 
the power of agriculture to provide 
food for the millions of human kind 
has been increased, its service in 
the onward march of civilization 
lias been accelerated, the cost of 
food lowered and its quality im- 
proved. So that it may well be 
said that no industry has served 
humanity so well as the manufac- 
ture and improvement of the imple- 
ments used on the farm. 

It may also be said that no in- 
dustry requires such a high degree 
of inventive genius and skilled 
workmanship. Deep thought in 
designing and great care in manu- 
facturing must be constantly exer- 
cised in the production^ the simp- 
lest farm implements. The condi- 
tions under which they work re- 
quire that they be strong and 
simple in construction, easy to 
operate and repair. No other class 
of machinery operates under such 
disadvantageous conditions. The 
steam-engine runs on a well pre- 
pared road or works on a steady 
foundation ; it keeps up a steady 
motion and is in charge of a train- 
ed engineer who understands his 

engine and knows how to keep it in 
the best running order. The auto- 
mobile is fitted with springs and 
pneumatic tires to free it from all 
jarring. The mower and the har- 
vester on the other hand are built 
on rigid frames without springs, 
and are drawn by strong horses 
over rough, stony fields, among 
stumps, on hillsides, through soft 
sand or sticky clay. No smooth 
road is prepared for these machines, 
and moreover, -the cutting bar 
meets a constant obstruction in 
thick, tough weeds, twigs and 
tangled grass or grain, while the 
driver is very often ignorant of 
how to operate the machine proper- 
ly, and gives it many a jar and 
strain which would otherwise be 
unnecessary. Hence nothing but 
the very best material may enter in- 
to their construction, and none but 
the highest skill and workmanship 
can hope to successfully continue 
their manufacture. 

The present perfection of our 
modern farm implements was not 
attained in a day. The accumulated 
experience of years of investigation 
and experiment is concentrated in a 
simple farm tool. Not until com- 
paratively recent years have they 
taken on their present design, and 

it is quite recently that they have 
reached their present perfection in 
detail. Yet the main idea which 
suggested many of them has come 
down from very ancient times. 
Our mo^t important implement of 
tillage, the plow, has been develop- 
ed from an implement used many 
centuries ago. It was nothing 
more than a wooden stick attached 
to a beam, which stirred the ground 
as deeply as the nature of the soil 
and the strength of the ploughman 
would permit. This crude imple- 
ment may be said to be the ancestor 
of all our implements of tillage 
with the exception of the disc and 
the roller. The idea embodied in 
the mower was suggested by the 
Romans, and even the self-binding 
harvester is the development of an 
idea suggested by a machine used 
on the plains of Rhaetia, as far 
back as A.D. 60. According to 
Pliny, this implement was pro- 
pelled by an ox walking behind, it 
had a comb-like bar which stripped 
off the heads of wheat, the straw 
being left standing. That such an 
old idea can be made to do service 
in a new guise in the twentieth cen- 
tury is shown by the fact that a 
patent has recently been granted 
for a machine, propelled from be- 


Farm Implements 

are well known throughout Manitoba and the North West. Their 
leputation has been established on QUALITY and SERVICE. 


that has proven its ability to cut all kinds 0} grain undet ah 
conditions. Eccentric Sprocket Wheel. Third Roller and Force 
Feed Principle. Roller a?id Ball Bearings. No Neckweight. 
Handsome Finish. 

Your stock is not complete without it. Write for 
Catalogue which describes our full line in detail. 





Has been sold in the Northwest 
enough to demonstrate its super 
a successful gang plow. 

The Beams are Extra Heav 
The Furrow Wheels have w 
hub boxes with large oil chamb 
The Front Wheel is 24 inch 
The Jones Patent Connecti 
ket for controlling the rear whe 
The Jones Foot Lift is out 
The Gas hardened Concave 
cinl feature — guaranteed to sco 
longer than any other plow. W 
are triple ahin and the shares a 

Territory for several years, long 
iority in all things necessary to 

y for hard service. 

ide tires and enclosed dust-proof. 


es high and runs easy, 
ng is the best device on the mar- 

of sight, it lifts so easy. 
P'ace Plow Bottoms are the spe- 
ur and will wear 50 per cent, 
hy? Because the mouldboards 
re double shin. 

FROST & WOOD CO., General Agents, 


J. THOMPSON & SONS MFG. CO., Bcloit, Wis., U.S.A. 

July, 1905. 



hind, to cut grain in this same old 
way, with only the added accom- 
plishment of threshing it at the 
same time. So that in our much 
boasted improvements during the 
last decade, we must not forget that 
we owe much to the ingenuity of 
the ancients in their attempts to 
solve the same problems that con- 
front us at the present day. 

The primary object in utilizing 
implements on the farm is to save 
labor, or rather to substitute for 
man's labor steam or horse power. 

thus making man's labor more effec- 
tive. The extent to which this has 
been accomplished is indeed won- 
derful. Almost all the operations 
on the farm entailing heavy work 
are now carried on by the aid of? 
labor-saving machinery. The til- 
ling of the soil is done entirely by 
tillage implements drawn by horse 
or steam power ; harvesting opera- 
tions are carried on with compara- 
tively little hand labor, and the im- 
plements used have made as light 
of draught as human ingenuity can 


We are now prepared to sell our Engines on a commission 
basis and will quote terms and prices on request. 

The Canadian Fairbanks Co., Ltd. 



M. J. MILLER Canadian Representative 

make them. Indeed they have 
been so well adapted to farm work' 
that it seems impossible to do with- 
out them, they have become an ab- 
solute necessity in successful farm- 

In the selection of implements 
for his farm, the farmer must 
exercise good judgment and a good 
deal of discrimination. The price 
of an implement should always be 
a secondary consideration to the 
question of quality and adaptability 
to his conditions. Many imple- 
ments which are very useful in a 
certain locality or for a certain 
branch of agriculture, may be of 
very little value in another locality 
and in a different branch of farm- 
ing. So that the farmer must know 
how to select those implements 
which are particularly adapted to 
his line of farming and to the 
nature of the soil on his farm. 

Editor's Note.— The above ex- 
cellent matter is the first part of a 
class thesis prepared by Mr. J. W. 
Kennedy, of Apple Hill, Ont., and 
which was awarded first prize in the 
Sophomore Year at the Ontaria 
Agricultural College, Guelph, Ont. 

Get on better terms with your 
competitor. He is not a bad" fel- 
low. You only think he is. 

One of the Finest. 

We have just received one of the 
finest catalogues that has come to 
our desk from the DeLaval Separa- 
tor Co., manufacturers of the fam- 
ous cream separator of that name. 
This is beautifully printed in two 
colors on an excellent quality of 
surface paper, and is well illus- 
trated throughout, having a large 
number of excellent half-tones of 
the machines, and parts of same, 
that are manufactured by the com- 
pany. It contains a large amount 
of valuable information dealing 
with their separator, and on the 
back cover gives a list of the vari- 
ous branches of the company 
throughout the world, which in- 
clude eight in the United States ; 
five in Canada ; ' five in South 
America ; twenty in Europe ; four 
in Asia ; three in Africa ; four in 
Australia and one in the Pacific 
Ocean Islands. Altogether this is 
a neat and interesting catalogue 
and is a credit to the company, and 
wt cordially recommend it to the 
consideration of our readers, to 
whom a copy will be sent on appli- 
cation to the Winnipeg branch of 
the company at 248 McDermot 
Avenue. When writing please 
mention Canadian Farm Imple- 

We handle HOISTING ENGINES, DERRICKS, in fact Contractors' 
Machinery for every purpose, also general Machinery. . 
Write us for quotations before ordering. 

J. L. NEILSON 4 CO , 602 Main Street. WINNIPEG. MAN. 

Agents for Western Canada. 



July, 1905. 

History of Co-operative Imple- 
ment Concern Recalled. 

The most impressive project for 
a co-operative implement manufac- 
turing industry put forth prior to 
that now in process of evolution at 
Springfield, O., was one that "strut- 
ted its brief career" in a historic 
city of the same name in Illinois. 
Tt was launched amid the blare of 
trumpets and proclaimed the great- 
est opportunity ever offered to 
farmers for investing a portion of 
their hard-earned money because it 
meant not only profit in the shape 
of dividends, but an enormous sav- 
ing in the cost of their agricultural 
implements. The Illinois concern 
made further progress along the 
manufacturing pathway than the 
Ohio outfit has yet made, but the 
extent of its production was a small 
output of one article of the score or 
more named in its alluring prospec- 
1 tus. 

As a manufacturing concern it 
endured a few weeks and then with 
utter failure staring it in the face 
made a desperate effort to retain 
some semblance and form of life by 
attempting to buy, and in turn sell 
to farmers anywhere, what it had 
promised to manufacture. So it 
was only a catalogue house that the 
sheriff found when he came clothed 
with authority to close it — and a 
feeble catalogue house at that. The 
process of evolution had been re- 
versed — the butterfly had become a 

To what extent is this history to 
be repeated ? Are the names of 
locations, plans of stock-selling and 
promises to stockholders to be the 
only points of similarity ? We find 
in an Ohio paper, of recent date, a 
communication signed "A Stock- 
holder" and addressed to farmers, 
containing a plea for additional 
stock subscriptions to the Spring- 

field' company and urging all sub- 
scribers to hold their stock. "In 
no great while you will be able to 
buy from your own factory what- 
ever you want," they are told. 
This rings true when read alone, 
but here is the paragraph which 
precedes it: 

"We have arranged with several 
factories from whom we are now 
receiving wire, plows, harrows, 
stoves, ranges, twine, etc., all com- 
ing direct from factory to stock- 
holders at a price lower than the 
dealer has been getting them." 

That has the catalogue house 
ring. Tt naturally calls to mind the 
last, as the comnanv's premier 
announcement did the first folk <~> f 
the defunct concern which lived its 
ephemeral life in that other Spring- 

— Farm Implement News. 
NOTE. — We held this article out 
in our Tune issue, after having re- 
ferred to it in an item headed. 
"Regarding Co-operation ." — Ed . 

Binder Twine Situation. 

"June witnessed a moderate de- 
mand for binder twine, with efforts 
made by manufacturers and the 
larger jobbers to dispose of their 
remaining supplies. Crop develop- 
ments were not sufficiently favor- 
able to cause the smaller merchants 
to become eager buyers. On the 
other hand, there was a demand to 
absorb enough of the twine offered 
to prevent sellers from 'bearing 5 
the market down on themselves. 
While lower quotations than those 
of April have been made during the 
last few weeks, the International 
Harvester Company and the Ply- 
mouth Cordage Company have ad- 
hered to their old schedules when 
quoting regular brands and new 
twine. It is asserted that lower 
prices have been made on twine 



Tbe simplest, strongest. most duraMe Press made. Fnll circle; double stroke ; low bridge; easy and 

safe to feed, and lightest draft Tress made. Send for circrdars and prices to— 
W. JOHNSTON &. CO., Limited, 776 Main St., Winnipeg 

without brands or with brands 
adopted for the occasion. Some of 
the independent manufacturers, 
with a limited amount of twine re- 
maining unsold, have made lower 
quotations for the purpose of clos- 
ing out their stocks." 

"There are differences in quota- 
tions ranging from one-half to one 
cent per pound on Sisal and Stan- 
dard ; but the extreme variation is 
on twine alleged to be old, or, at 
least, not exactly what the manufac- 
turers are willing to put their regu- 
lar brands on. Some members of 
the trade claim that the 'no-brand' 
twine is simply a device to cut 
prices without altering the general 
schedule. Generally speaking, crop 
conditions have continued fairly 
favorable during the last three 
weeks. Rain has produced heavy 
straw, while not. perhaps, improv- 
ing the yield of the cereals, and re- 
ports are received of more twine 
being used to the acre than usual. 
Quotations for the better orades of 
hinder twine are enuivalent to the 
fofi'Qwin? f.o.h. F.n stem factories: 

BmnF.R Twiv". Peiitj w lh 

White S1 B al < Rf>n ft tn thp no>«nrl> 0 ff BJ 
QtandarH I ROD ft. tf> r>» nn"n^l 9 <!5> 9J 
Stonrlor^ Manilla ft. t« t"P 

twnind 10 *» 10* 

Manila fr,00 ft tn til" wnill 11 11* Mmlla f «K0 ft t" th« no'-ndM 1 ?* ** 12* 

T.e«« than carload lets p"art«r of a rent 

— Cordao-p Trade Tonrnal. 

The general tone of the binder 
twine market in Western Canada 
has been firm since our last issue. 
The exceedingly satisfactory crop 
conditions, 'and the ideal weather 
we have had for cereal production, 
have had a most buoyant effect on 
the market. The above quotations 
from Cordage Trade Journal, are 
f.o.b. Chicago. In order to esti- 
mate Western Canada figures 65 
cents per 100 lbs. should be added 
f.o.b. Winnipeg, and 10 cents ad- 
ditional per too lbs. should be add- 
ed for transfer charges if cars are 
to be broken here. 

The Man Who Gets the Trade. 

The constant drop of water 

Wears away the hardest stone 
The constant pnaw of Towser 

Masticates the toughest bone; 
The constant, cooing lover j 
Carries off the blushine maid, 
And the constant advertiser 
Is the one who gets the trade. 

"Shall I buy an automobile." 
queries a writer in a magazine. If 
this is addressed to manufacturers 
and agents, tbe answer is in the 
affirmative, but if addressed to 
farmers it is in the negative. In 
the same publication a writer 
ramed Dora Cray asks: "What 
shall T wear ?" Ordinarilv the 
answer would be "clothes." 


Brantford, July 1905. 

a subject in season- 

Just a minute of your close attention to 


Our factory is in operation at Hurry-Up speed and full capacity. 
Orders are coming in daily. 

It is an even race between Supply and Demand. 

We offer you, at regular prices, our FOUR MAPLE LEAF BRANDS, which are not 
' surpassed in quality by any others in the Canadian market. 

We have succeeded in making our goods the BEST for the FARMER to BUY to 

USE, and, therefore, the BEST for the DEALER to BUY to SELL. 
REPEAT ORDERS we are receiving from those who have been selling our goods. 

TRIAL ORDERS are particularly welcome to us, 
as every one we receive adds one more to our list of satisfied customers 


Gilt Edge, 650 feet, 

Pure Manila 

Gold Leaf, 600 feet, 


Silver Leaf, 550 feet. 

Standard Manila 

Maple Leaf, 500 feet, 


TRA DKJ( Registered) MARK 
A word to the wise is sufficient. Thanks for your attention. May we not have 
your order ? You ought to have the goods we offer— they are trade builders. We 
fill orders by prompt shipment from Toronto. Brantford, Winnipeg and Brandon. 

Yours faithfully, 





July, 1905. 




W. J. McDonald, traveller for the 
Norris Implement Co., of the 'Peg, 
was in the Wheat City recently, 
looking up business for his com- 

The Melotte Cream Separator 
Co., through their agent, Mr. Jas. 
Shirriff, are donating a handsome 
coal burning stove, as a special 
prize in the dairy department at 
Brandon Fair. 

L. Osland, traveller for the 
Waterloo Threshing Machine Co., 
of Waterloo, la., was in town re- 
cently pushing the sale of the 
Winnesheik Separator. 

The J. I. Case Threshing Ma- 
chine Co., of Racine, Wis., have 
generously donated a handsome 
challenge cup for the best Short- 
horn bull, any age, at the Bran- 
don Fair, Aug. 1st, 2nd, and 3rd. 
This cup will have to be won three 
years in succession before becom- 
ing the property of any competitor. 
It will, however, be accompanied 
with a handsome medal each year. 

Mr. George Patterson, the pro- 
gressive manager of the Brandon 
Electric Light Co., recently placed 
an order for a North West Separa- 
tor, with all attachments. It is his 

Plant of the Palmerston Carriage Co., at Mount For est, Ont., one of the latest additions to Canada's hand- 
some vehicle manufacturing establishments. It is fully equipped with every modern and up-to-date convenience 
for the carriage-maker, and has a capacity of about six thousand vehicles per year. 

intention to operate it by a 25 h.p. 
electrical motor, for the purpose of 
threshing his 1,000 acre crop. The 
electricity will be supplied by water 
power close to his farm. He will 
require to run about a mile of wire. 
This will be the first instance in 
Western Canada where electricity 
has furnished the motive power 
for threshing pnrposes. 

The various thresher companies 
report trade somewhat backward, 
owing to the fact that there are 
large quantities of old goods offer- 
ed by the farmers in trade. This 
makes trade here practically pro- 
hibitive. It is time manufacturers 
came to an agreement about accept- 
ing old goods. Another reason 
why sales are reported slow, is due 

to the coming Winnipeg and Bran- 
don Fairs. Farmers think that by 
holding back their orders until 
after these events are over the 
various concerns engaged in the 
thresher trade will be so anxious 
for their favors that they will offer 
them special inducements in the 
way of cut prices or terms. 


We believe you are progressive and "Up-to-date." ,You"are*visiting the Exhibition hoping to acquire information 
that will be profitable to you in your business. Oup business is to supply you with THRESHING MACHINERY and 
THRESHERMAN'S SUPPLIES. We also aim]to be progressive, andjour machinery is "Up-to-date." WE WANT YOU 

We Represent the 

We Represent the 

Winnipeg Office, corner Dufferin Avenue and Sinclair Street. 

Directly opposite Carriage Entrance to Exhibition Grounds. 





July, 1905. 



Published each month by 

Canadian farm implements, Dd. 

901-2 Union Bank Building, 
Winnipeg, Man., Canada. 
Phone 518. 

Single copies Five Cents. Fifty Cents per year. 
(Postage Paid Anywhere.) 

Rates Made Known on Application. 
Change of Copy for Advertisements should reach 
this office not later than the 15th of each 
month — Cuts and Copy for New Adver- 
tisements can be received as late as 
the 20th of each month. 

This paper does not undertake to endorse 
opinions that may be expressed in its corres- 
pondence columns. 

F. D. Blakelt - President and Manager. 
P. G. Van Vleet • • Vice-President. 

Eastern Office : 
1 Wellington St. W., Toronto, Out 
Chicago Office 

4601 Champlain Avenue. 
A S. Core - Representative. 


We Think You're Wrong, Brother. 

In picking up a trade paper re- 
cently, which we received from 
across the line, we were somewhat 
surprised to see the statement that 
it was unadvisable to say anything 
anent the "catalogue house," for 
the reason that such publicity was 
just so much free advertising for 
"catalogue houses" in general. 

From this statement it seems to 
us that the magazine in question 
has lost its mission in the field of 
trade journalism. We think that 
the fundamental principle of all 
trade magazines is, or ought to be, 
a desire to keep all matters of inter- 
est to the trade constantly before 
that trade, and when a journal 
overlooks this principle it is forget- 
ting the interests of the trade in 
whose benefit it is supposed to be 

It being th»_ case that trade jour- 
nals are published in the interests 
:>f the trade they represent, there- 
fore, we consider, should any ele- 
ment engage in any business that 
will result detrimentally to the 
trade such journal represents, it is 
the business of the publication to 
adopt all honorable means to defeat 
the ends of the element in question. 
The "catalogue house" is an ele- 
ment, and by the way a powerful 
one, detrimental to the implement 

dealers, therefore, we believe, it is 
the duty of every publication issued 
in the interests of the implement 
dealers to keep them posted as much 
as possible on the methods pursued 
by members of the trade elsewhere 
in combating the "catalogue house." 
In view of this fact we will con- 
tinue to raise our voice against the 
"catalogue house," despite the ad- 
vice of our contemporary. 

Immigration Advertising 

The methods pursued by the 
Dominion Department of Immigra- 
tion in inducing citizens of the 
United States to become home- 
seekers in Western Canada was re- 
cently the subject of the following 
article in Farm Machinery:-— 

"There are various reasons 
assigned for the exodus of citizens 
of the United States to Canada ; 
among them is the claim that Cana- 
da offers more favorable induce- 
ments in the way of desirable laws 
There may be more or less truth in 
a claim of this kind, but the reason 
that is likely to be the most plau- 
sible is the unrelenting efforts of 
the land agents in advertising the 
agricultural possibilities of that 
country. Farm papers are loaded 
down with advertisements citing 
the advantages that the Canadian 
Northwest offers home-seekers. 
These land companies do not put 
in one or two issues and stop, but 
they keep everlasting at it. The 
heavy immigration to that section 
is not attributable to any superior 
merit of the country. There are 
parts in the United States equally 
meritorious that are, at present, 
being wholly ignored by home- 
seekers simply from the fact that 
their values are not being adver- 

"In the case of the Canadian 
Northwest, every advantage of the 
country is set forth in a good, sin- 
cere advertisement, and it is having 
its effect. Of course the ads are 
run in the papers that reach the 
greatest number of people likely to 
be interested; this, only, is intelli- 
gent advertising. 

"There are three essentials to suc- 
cessful advertising: Having some- 
thing worth telling, telling it in a 
convincing way, and running it in 
the papers that reach the greatest 
number of people interested in 
one's particular line. When these 
elements are combined, something 
is going to move." 

There is a great deal of truth in 
the above article and, it is our 

opinion, that the Western Cana- 
dian Immigration Association 
might, with much resultant bene- 
fit, adopt the same methods 
as those employed by the Gov- 
ernment, instead of, what we 
are almost forced to consider, its 
present "hit-and-miss" policy. As 
stated above, the Department of 
Immigration do all their advertis- 
ing through the agricultural jour- 
nals, which reach the greatest num- 
ber of people likely to be interested, 
whereas, the Western Canadian 
Immigration Association spend the 
greater portion of