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Number 1 

' t : ae y 

The purpose of the Bulletin is to 
publish brief accounts of items of in- 
terest to the staff and students of 
Scarborough College. The emphasis 
will be on the activities of the faculty; 
however, prizes or honours awarded 
students, student projects, etc., will 
be mentioned. 

In the interest of combatting the 
“paper poHution” .at Scarborough Col- 
lege, this newsletter will be as brief as 
possible and will be printed on RE- 
CYCLED PAPER. It will be available 
on Friday mornings; members of staff 
will receive a copy in their mail boxes 
and additional copies will be placed 
at strategic points (such as the Post 
Office) for students. 

During term, the paper will be 
published weekly; during the rest of 
the year, its frequency will be deter- 
mined by the amount of news sub- 


The following Scarborough stud- 
ents have been accepted into the Faculty 
of Medicine: 

Mr. Louis Fields (IIT) 
Mr Michael Lo (II) 
Miss Jean Weir (II) 
Mr. Francis Woo (II) 

September 1, 1972 


For the benefit of those students 
and members of staff who have been a- 
way for the summer or who are new to 
the College, there appears below a brief 
curriculum vitae of Principal Campbell. 

1949 B. A. in Political Science 
and Economy, U. of T. 

1949-51 Rhodes Scholar at Oxford 

1951-52 Lecturer at Ontario Agric- 

ultural College 

Head of Department of A- 
gricultural Economics 


1962—64 Acting Director of Planning, 
Government of Hashemite, 
Kingdom of Jordon 
1964—68 _ Professor of Economics and 
Associate Dean of the Fac- 
ulty of Arts and Science, 
erate r: 

1968 Professor of Economics and 
Chairman of the Discipline 
Committee, U. of T. 

1970—72 Economic Advisor to the 

Minister of Finance and 

Planning, Government of 


He has served as a member of 
various government commissions, inclu- 
ding the Government of Canada’s Task 
Force on Agriculture (1968—70). 

1 ty it ‘i : i , “B i | : 
, in! | Al’ \ e : | 

The Fine Art Committee of Scar- 
borough College will hold its first in a 
series of art exhibitions beginning Sept. 
9th. with Arcadia Olenska Petryshyn. 

Having received her master’s degree 
in art at Hunter University in 1964, Mrs. 
Petryshyn has had five one man shows 
in Chicago, and Bodley Gallery in New 
York up to 1971. Several permanent 
works appear at such places as Svydynk 
Museum Czechoslovakia; George Pea- 
body Museum, Nashville Tennessee; Rut- 
gers University Art Gallery, New Bruns- 
wick N. J., among others. 

The paintings will be on display 
in the third floor Science Wing, until 

Sept. 29th. 
Rick Rigelhof 

by Cathy Pickett 

The Faculty Club would like to 
extend an invitation to all new staff to 
visit the Faculty Lounge, Room H-403B. 
We have numerous amenities such as 
good coffee and tea, a pool table, 
magazines, a small cafeteria and dining 
room, and a big fireplace for cold days. 
In past years, the membership fee has 
been only $10.00 (this is tax-deductible 
as well). Memberships will be available 
on October Ist. to all faculty, teaching 
assistants, graduate students, senior ad- 
ministrative and library staff. 

The main reason our fees have stay- 
ed so low for the last 2 years, is that 
volunteers have made our coffee. If you 
have enjoyed drinking the coffee, per- 
haps you would like to make it this 
year, (and obtain the ultimate status 
symbol — a frig key! ). The job re- 
quires little culinary skill; more im- 
portant is that you can arrive before 
9:00a.m. once every 2 weeks. It 
takes about 20 or 30 minutes to start 
the coffee. If you could help, please get 
in touch with Cathy Pickett, (3133). 

(Editorial Comment: Membership in 
the Faculty Club is not a requirement 
for allowing faculty members to eat 
in the Faculty Dining Room or to relax 
in the lounge. Coffee and tea are also 
available to non-members on a cash 


Mrs. Viola Konars, who had served 
as Dean Colman’s Secretary until July 
has joined the Social Sciences Division 
as its Administrative Assistant. In this 
new post, she will have significantly 
expanded responsibilities in many im- 
portant areas. She comes to this post 
with an unusual background of exper- 
ience with the College’s development: 
she was Secretary to Dean Beckel who 
served in that capacity from 1964 until 
Dean Colman took over. 

Professor P. W. Cave has been a- 
warded a $6,200 research grant from 
the Central Mortgage and Housing Corp- 
oration. One of Dr. Cave’s Ph.D students 
is also involved in the study entitled 
Residential Change in the City of 
Toronto. The research is the culmin- 
ation of work begun in 1963 and ex- 
tended in 1969 with the aid of a small 
grant from the University’s Humanities 
and Social Science Research fund. 

The study is composed of three parts:- 

(1) Alexandra Park district 1950—1970 

(2) The Junction district 1960—1970 

(3) Sample study across the City of 

One of the aims of the research 
is to produce a diagnostic methodology 
for analyzing short term neighbourhood 
change with a view to housing policy 

A visitor to the College this year 
will be E. A. Goodman, Q. C. Mr. 
Goodman is a prominent Toronto law- 
yer and public figure who has been 
actively involved in the Progressive Con- 
servative party for more than a quarter 
of a century. He was National Organiser 
of the party in the course of the 1960's 
and many will remember him as co- 
Chairman of the 1967 Leadership Con- 
vention that selected Robert Stanford. 
Mr. Goodman is also co-Chairman of the 
Committee for an Independent Canada. 
He and Ron Blair will join forces in 
conducting a seminar on the Conser- 
vative party and the Canadian party 
system from 1918 to the present. 

This summer, Professor Francis Bur- 
ton not only received tenure but also 
gave birth to twin daughters. 


. The Library has ordered a copy of 
William Breedlove’s Swap Clubs: a study 
in contemporary sexual mores (1964). 

COLLEGE is a reference manual on 
academic rules and procedures, and the 
facilities and services available at the 
College. For the benefit of those faculty 
members who are new to Toronto, there 
is some information about schools, hous- 
ing, shopping, theatre, etc. 

Barring unforeseen calamities, the 
manual should be ready for distribution 
by the beginning of term. Each member 
of the faculty will receive a copy in his 
mail box. 


Please set aside the late afternoon 
of Tuesday, September 19 to attend 
the official opening of the new build- 
ing. After preliminary remarks by Pres- 
ident John Evans and by Premier Davis 
(if he is able to attend), Controller Gus 
Harris (substituting for Mayor White) 
will lay the corner stone. The cere- 
mony will be followed by a reception 
and tours of the new building. 


The social pressures from minority 
groups has led to, among other things, 
new courses of study: Black Studies, 
Canadian Studies, and Women’s Stud- 
ies. Professor Richard Tomasson of the 
University of New Mexico thinks that 
the systematic study of men has been 
neglected, “thus reinforcing sex-stereo- 
typed attitudes and depriving men and 
women students of knowledge crucial to 
their growth’. To remedy this situation, 
he has submitted a proposal for a prog- 
gramme in Men’s Studies. His rationale 
and the details of the programme are 
published in the summer edition of 
Change (available in the library). 


Due to the large number of new appointments and promotions, the list below is e 
not complete; it is just a beginning. In subsequent issues the list will be continued and 
will include brief curriculum vitae of new staff members. 


Drama, Lecturer — Professor — P. H. Salus 
Mr. M. Schonberg Associate Professor — J. H. Corbett 
English, Lecturer — Associate Professor — J. N. Grant 
Mr. S. H. W. Kane Associate Professor — M. C. Kirkham 
English, Lecturer — Associate Professor — G. Scavizzi 
Mrs. T. Long Associate Professor — W. M. Dick 
English, Visiting Associate Professor — Associate Professor — J. P. B. Kenyon 
Mr. M. Myers 
English, Visiting Lecturer — . 
Miss S. Namjoshi SABBATICALS 
a Ns Te : Se Classics, Miss A. Boddington @ 
Fenoh elective English, Mrs. B. S. Martineau 
Miss S. Mittler English, Mr. M. Tait syle 
German, Visiting Assistant Professor — bag Mrs. E. P. Vicari 
Mrs. W. Tepfenhardt rench, Mr. L. E. Doucette 
History, Lecturer — French, Mr. G. F. R. Trembley 
; Mrcis (Ro oReberteot History, Mr. J. P. B. Kenyon 
Linguistics, Associate Professor — Philosophy, Mr. D. L. Mosher 

Mr. R. I. Binnick 
Philosophy, Lecturer — 
Mr. S. L. de Haven 

Philosophy, Visiting Assistant Professor — 
Mr. V. di Norcia 

PART-TIME APPOINTMENTS In order to be included in Friday’s 
issue, contributions to the Bulletin should 
History, Instructor — Mr. W. A. Haynes be sent by Tuesday, 5:00p.m. (of that 
Humanities, Instructor — Mr. C. F. Oliver week) to M. Bradshaw, Assistant to the 
Humanities, Lecturer — Mrs. G. Moray . Principal. ® 

Italian, Instructor — Mrs G. Katz 
Russian, Lecturer — Miss N. Kisseleff 
Writing Laboratory, Director — Mrs. E. Katz 

‘ CARRBORO! ©: * 

Number 2 —— 


With the expansion of the College 

and with the increase in the number of 
courses available, many students have 
faced difficulty in planning their prog- 
rammes. Course selection has often 
been determined by what courses were 
conveniently timetabled, or what fellow 
students have recommended (often on 
the basis of difficulty or ease of the 
course). As a result, many students have 
found their plans for the future frust- 
rated by the lack of some required 

To remedy this situation, the Office 
of the Associate Dean and Registrar 
will be starting a programme for coun- 
selling all students. (The programme 
was accepted by the General Policy 
Committee but has not been brought 
to Council yet). Each member of staff 
will be asked to counsel students who 
are majoring in his discipline. Beginning 
in late October or early November, each 
faculty member will be assigned six or 
seven first-year students, four second- 
year students, two or three third-year 
students and two fourth-year students. 

The student need not take his 

) counsellor’s advice but he is required 
to consult him, at least: the coun- 
sellor’s signature will be required (as 
proof of consultation) before a student 
may register in his courses. For the 
student and counsellor who are grossly 


; eh September 8, 1972 

incompatible, a mechanism will be estab- 
lished to allow the student to change 

This programme is not to be con- 
fused with the counselling that was 
offered during registration week to main- 
ly first-year students. 


Mr. Sandy Greig, who graduated in 
geography at Scarborough College in 

. June, has been awarded the Mackenzie 

King Scholarship for study overseas. 
Only one scholarship of this type is 
awarded in Canada each year. Mr. 
Greig will be using the scholarship to 
study for his Ph.D. in geography at the 
London School of Economics. 

Also going to the London School 
of Economics for a doctorate is John 
Pierce, who obtained his B.A. in geog- 
raphy at Scarborough in 1971. Mr. 
Pierce has spent the past year studying 
for his M.A. at the University of Water- 

ie ne 
< = 

Professor Pedro R. Leon, Spanish, will 
exhibit his prints at Cedarbrae District 
Library from October 9, 1972 to Nov- 
ember 10, 1972. 


On August Ist, the Graphics _ per- 

sonnel of Scarborough College conducted 

a conference for designers involved in 
production of visual aids for University 
teaching and research publication. 

The aim of the conference was to 
discuss mutual design problems, and 
new methods and techniques. 

A decision to establish an inform- 
ation centre at the University of Gueiph, 
Department of Graphics was made where 
names of graphics personnel could be 

A tour of the graphics area was 
conducted, followed by lunch in the 
Faculty Club. cafeteria. 

The conference ended with a dec- 
ision to hold another at the University 
of Gueiph in February 1973, and to hold 
a seminar in the future for all those 
interested in the production of graphics 
for teaching and research. 

The Universities represented were 
York, Guelph, Waterloo, Ottawa, Mc- 
Master and Toronto. 

Rick Rigelhof 


The installation of Dr. John R. 
Evans as the ninth President of the 
University of Toronto will take place 
at 3:15 p.m. on Thursday, September 
28th. The ceremony will be held on 
the Front Campus (of the St. George 

The Governing Council is inviting 
all members of the University comm- 
unity — faculty, staff and students — 
to be present. 



The 3rd floor dining room offers 
an alternative place for lunch every day 
from 11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. 


Mr. Maurice Murrill will be joining 
the College as its financial officer, on a 
part-time basis this fall and then full- 
time in the new year. He is coming 
with considerable experience in finan- 
cial matters, including 18 years at the 
University of Toronto. A brief out- 
line of his experience is listed below: 

1936-52 Accountant and _ business 
secretary for an English firm 

1952-54 Assistant Comptreller, Tor- 

onto General Hospital 

1954-64 Accountant for the 
Student’s Administrative 
Council, U. of Toronto. 

1964 Assistant to the Comptroller 

1965—70 __— Assistant to Director of Fin- 
ance, U. of T. 

1971-72 Budget Officer, U. of T. 


Coffee will be available on Monday 
September 11th after 10 a.m. for all 
members (and those eligible to become 
members! ) in the Faculty Lounge. 
(Remember, last year’s membership is 
good until September 30th). 

The faculty dining room (4th floor, 
adjoining the Faculty Lounge) will also 
.. open on September 11th from 12 noon 
to 2 p.m. 

Budget Accountant ,, U.of T. 


Professor to be on sabbatical leave 
has house for rent from December 1 for 
nine months, unfurnished or furnished; 
new modern 4-bedroom house with 
study and family room, garage, garden, 
kitchen with appliances (washer and 
drier); within walking distance of Scar- 
borough College or TTC bus route. 
Phone 282-4385 or 928-5198. 


Mrs. Joyce K. Sowby, Head of 
Public Services at Scarborough College 
Library, received the degree of Master 
of Library Science on June 8th, 1972. 

For those who are interested in 
following the activities of U. of T.’s 
Governing Council, the agenda and min- 
utes are received by Scarborough College 
Library and are available in the Library 


A decision had been made in the 
General Policy Committee to have all 
staff mail delivered directly to the 
Divisional offices. However, due to 
the delay in the completion of the new 
building, the new mail delivery system 
will be postponed. It will be imple- 
mented once faculty members are settled 
in their offices. 


All members of the College who 
plan to use the parking lots from 8:00 
a.m. to 8:00 p.m., Monday to Friday, 
are required to purchase parking stickers 
from the Physical Services Office, S-303C. 


Astronomy, Assistant Professor — 
Mr. P.G. Martin 

DIVISION OF SCIENCE Chemistry, Associate Professor — @ 
Physical Sciences Group Mr. T.T. Tidwell 
Chemistry, Lecturer — 
Mr. F. Tsien 
Chemistry, Lecturer — 
H.C. CORBEN, Mr. G. Kwong-Chip 
Physical Sciences Group, Chairman Chemistry, Demonstrator — 
Mr. I. Pivko 
— born in England, raised in Australia Chemistry, Demonstrator — 
—M. A. (mathematics) and M. Sc. Miss I. Smits 
(physics), University of Melbourne Computer Science, Assistant Professor — 
— Exhibition of 1851 Scholar and Rouse _ Mr. W.H. Enright 
Ball Student, Trinity College, Cam- Mathematics, Assistant Professor — 
bridge Mr. R. Delver 
— Ph.D. (theoretical physics), Univer- Mathematics, Associate Professor — 

Mr. I. Kupka 

f idge, studyi 
sity of Cambridge, studying under Physics, Professor — 

Professors Sir Arthur Eddington and 

P.A.M. Dirac Mr. H. C. Corben 

— post-doctoral study (Commonwealth Physics, P ote = are 
F und Fellowship) at University of Physics Metin: Bones a = 
California (under Professor J. R. , Mr. P.A. Griffin 

Oppenheimer) and at _ Princeton, 
(under Professor W. Pauli) 

— taught mathematics and physics in 
Australia and was Acting-Dean in 

Physics, Assistant Professor — 
Mr. A.E. Jacobs 

Trinity College, Melbourne PROMOTIONS TO: 
— Associate Professor and later Prof- 
essor of physics at Carnegie Institute Associate Professor — Mr. P. Keast 

of Technology 
— 2 years as Fulbright Visiting Professor 

at Universities of Genoa, Milan, Bol- Editorial Comment 
ogna, Padova 
— Associate Director of Electronics Re- My apologies to Mr. W.A. Hayes 
search Laboratory, Ramo-Wooldridge (History) for mis-spelling his name in 
Corp. the last issue. 
— Director of Quantum Physics Lab- 
oratory of Thompson—Ramo—Wool- 
— Dean of Graduate Studies, Cleveland 
State University 
— Dean of Faculties (later Vice-President PLEASE NOTE: @ 
for Academic Affairs), Cleveland State 
University In order to be included in Friday’s 
— author of 2 books and 50 technical issue, contributions to the Bulletin should 
papers be sent by Tuesday, 5:00p.m. (of that 

week) to M. Bradshaw, Assistant to the 


Number 3 

THE UNTEACHABLE by Martin Myers 

People keep asking me what a writer in: 
residence does, and I[ keep telling them that 
I’m going to be teaching creative writing. 
Whereupon most of my questioners look 
pained and say: You cant really teach 
creative writing, can you? The answer is: 
of course not. 

The seminar I plan to run is based on 
the premise that creative writing cant be 
taught. But it’s also based on the premise 
that every educated person writes already. 

@How skillfully is another story. Skill, talent, 

call it what you will, can be developed by 
anyone who is sufficiently motivated to 
write, to expose his work, and to study the 
work of others. 

I can document this from my own 
experience. I am the product of a number of 
writing seminars. I did graduate werk in 
creative writing at The Johns Hopkins Univer- 
sity. My novel, THE ASSIGNMENT, was 
written in class for a Master’s thesis and went 
on to get international attention. The Hop- 
kins’ course I was in, now in its thirtieth 
year, has produced a host of fine writers, 
such as John Barth, to drop one name. 

I have also taught in writing workshops 
for two summers now at York University, 
and I was astounded at the talent in my classes. 
(@ Many had never written before, having literally 
walked in off the street, they ranged in age 
from sixteen to seventy-five. 

. September 15, 1972 

_Vd like to do at Scarborough as 


a ere ae a Rei, E S . 
Writer in Residence is conduct an experi 

mental, non-credit, weekly, two-hour seminar 
I would restrict enrollment to 12 since this 
is an optimum number in my experience 
Would-be writers who are interested should 
submit a manuscript to me in H-313 (I'm 
there most afternoons). I will work with 
the writers of the 12 most promising manu- 
scripts. In the event that there are a great 
many more good writers, a second seminar 
is feasible. 

I'd like to make it quite clear that this 
is not a class for those who aspire to write 
what I call pop-hack, or genre fiction, or 
magazine features. The course will encourage 
innovation, experimentation, and — forgive 
me, but I must use the word — Art. Wr- 
iting as art is what we'll deal with. 

I would not be bothering with such a 
seminar if I did not feel it would benefit all 
involved. I expect to learn a great deal from 
it myself and will also be exposing my own 
work in progress to the tender mercies of my 

The Seminar is open to staff and stu- 

Director — Edda B. Katz 

A Writing Laboratory has been estab- 
lished at Scarborough College in response 
to widespread concern about the inadequacy 
of much student writing. The Lab is tempo- 
rarily located in S645. [ts permanent quarters, 
following the opening of the new building are 
to be in S635. The telephone number is 

For the time being the Lab will be 
open on 

Tuesday and Wednesday 10:00-12:00 
and 2:00-4:00 Thursday 3:00-7:00 

Should a single evening be insufficient 
to accommodate all the part-time students 
who wish to make use of the Lab, the evening 
hours will be extended later in the year. 

Instruction in the Writing Laboratory 
will be mainly in the form of individual 
tutoring sessions to which students bring 
work in progress from their classes. However, 
group instruction in specific areas may be 
arranged if a need arises. Faculty may refer 
students to the Writing Laboratory but attend- 
ance is always voluntary. 

At the present time, I am trying to 
identify as precisely as possible the kinds of 
writing problems most frequently encountered 
at the College. This information will help 
me determine ways in which the Lab can be 
most helpful to students. I hope, therefore, 
that the faculty, who assign and evaluate 
student writing tasks, and whose writing 
standards students must meet, will contact 
me with suggestions of what services might 
be appropriate for Scarborough students. 

I hope also that faculty will co-operate 
with the Writing Laboratory by informing 
students of the Lab’s existence and by re- 
ferring students experiencing writing difficult- 
ies to it. 


Professor A. Tayyeb attended the United 
Nations Conference on the Human Environ- 
ment which was held at Stockholm, June 5- 
16. At the Conference, he was affiliat¢ > 
with the Miljoforum which represented most 
of the non-government organizations as well 
as university students and teachers from all 
parts of the world. There, he conducted 
two seminars: one on the Satiated Environ- 
ment and the other on the Role of the 
Citizen in the Environmental Crisis. He was 
subsequently enlisted as the leader of the 
Miljoforum Workshop in Science Related 
Matters. The workshop’s recommendations 
were Officially presented to the U. N. body, 
and will form part of the latter’s overall 

in association with Pollution Probe, Prof- 
essor Tayyeb intends to organize at the 
College a two-day ““Happening”’ on ecological 
problems, some time in October. This will 
consist of seminars, lectures, discussions and 
an exhibit of the Stockholm Conference 
material. Details will be announced in ‘u 

later issue of this newspaper. 


There will be a general Faculty Club 
meeting at 12:10 p.m. in the Faculty Lounge, 
for the purpose of electing a new executive. 

Faculty, staff and students are invited — 
to attend the cornerstone-laying ceremony 
and reception on Tuesday, September 19 © 
4:00 p.m. 


The University Women’s Club, Scar- 
borough Chapter, welcomes any women, who 
are university graduates. The Club, which 
meets every third Monday at 8:15 in the 
Faculty Lounge, has an interesting speaker 
at each meeting. This year’s list includes 
among others, Ms. Phyllis Switzer of CITY 
TV, Mr. John Sime of the School of Art 
Lloyd Percival of the Physical Fitness Institute 
-and Principal D. R. Campbell. 

In addition to the guest speakers, the 
Club has numerous “‘study groups’. In the 
past, there have been groups concerned with 
education, pollution, women’s rights, book 
discussion, etc. 

Anyone interested in joining is invited 
to attend the first meeting. 



Professor Harry Kay, from the Depart- 
ment of Psychology of the University of 
Sheffield, will be visiting at Scarborough 
College and other Canadian colleges/univer- 
sities until, December. His research interests 
are skills, human learning and educational 
technology. In addition to giving talks on 
these topics he will be conferring with coil- 
eagues at the College. 

Dr. H. Hyvdrinen, Department of Geo- 
logy, University of Helsinki, Finland, is at 
Scarborough College as a Visiting Scientist 
from July until the end of October 1972, 
collaborating with Dr. J. C. Ritchie. Dr. 
Hyvarinen has spent the early part of the 
®ummer in the Northwest Arctic of Canada 
as well as taking part in the field excursion 
to the Yukon to the 24th International 
Geological Congress. 


School starts again 
this week........ 

Te = i 
aS 2 Sa 

ee | EES, RE =~ 

I think I’ve ruined 
her eyes for good! 

Life Sciences Group 

In addition to brief descriptions of our 
new members of staff, a short curriculum 
vitae of each Divisional Chairmen will be 
printed. This information is intended to 
help acquaint new staff members with the 
background of each Chairman. 

Life Sciences Group, Chairman 

— born in Scotland, 1929 

— B.Sc. first class honours in Botany, Univer- 
sity of Aberdeen 1951 

— Ph.D. (Ecology) Sheffield University 1954 

— D.Sc. (Ecology) University of Aberdeen 

— Senior Research Scholar, Exibition of 1851 
at Jardin Botanique de Montréal, 1955-56 

— Post Doctoral Fellow, National Research 
Council, at University of Manitoba, 1956-57 

— Assistant and Associate Professor of Botany, 
University of Manitoba, 1957-65 

— Exchange Research Fellow, at Academy of 
Sciences, USSR, 1961 

— Professor of Biology, Trent University 1965- 

— Professor of Biology, Dalhousie University 

— President, Canadian Botanical Association, 

— Research Interests — Quaternary and mod- 
ern ecology of arctic and boreal regions 

— Author of over 50 research papers and 


In order to be included in Friday’s 
issue, contributions to the Bulletin should be 
sent by Tuesday, 5:00 p.m. (of that week) to 
M. Bradshaw, Assistant to the Principal. 



Biology , Assistant Professor, C.K. Cons 

— B.Sc. Rhodes University 

— M.Sc. University of Natal 

— Ph.D. University of Manitoba _ 

— NRC post-doctoral fellow at the 
University of Toronto (investigating 
the physiology and ultra structure of 
neuromuscular systems) 

— published several articles based on 
his work on the anatomy and physi- 
ology of insect flight 

Biology, Assistant Professor, M.A. Mantuani 

— B.Sc. University of Toronto 

— Ph.D. Duke University (investigation 
of the sediment - water relations in 
lakes of the Lower Grand Coulee, 

— 1969-71, Visiting Assistant Professor 
of Ecology and Animal Behaviour at 
University of Minesota 

— 1971-72, Visiting Assistant Profess_ 
of Geology at Duke University 

Psychology, Assistant Professor, J.A. Kennedy 

— B.Sc. and M.Sc. Queen’s University, 

— Ph.D. (1971) Cornell University 

— 1970-72, Assistant Professor in the 
Department of Social Relations and 
Graduate School of Education at Har- 
vard University 

— replacing Professor Smith who is on 
one year’s leave of absence and one 
year’s sabbatical 

Professor — Mr. N. Moray 
Instructor — Ms. S. Farrell @ 

Mr. J. H. Youson 
Mr. R. E. Dengler 


Number 4 


Since Toronto is hundreds of mi 
any ocean, Scarborough College seems to be 
an unlikely place to train marine biologists. 
However, Professor Urquhart is nas to do 
just that. 

He starts with BIOBO8Y which ee 
with invertebrate animals (animals lackin 
backbone or spinal column). Since 82) Pot 
all invertebrates are marine animals, this 
course provides a basis for later study in 
marine biology. 

For the students who become interested 
in marine biology, BIOB21Y is a course that 
combines field study at Huntsman Marine 
Laboratory, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, 
with reading assignments at Scarborough Coll- 
ege. The laboratory at St. Andrews is run 
under the auspices of the Atlantic Provinces 
Interuniversity Commission on the Sciences 
with the following colleges/universities parti- 
cipating: _ Dalhousie University, St. Mary’s 
University, University of New Brunswick, 
University of Prince Edward Island, Scar- 
borough College. In the three-week field 
course (144 hours) students study ocean- 
ography, planktons, fisheries, trophodynamics, 
ecology of rocky shores, etc. One exciting 
feature of this course is that live, moving 
specimens are used; at Toronto, the specimens 
would have to be dead and preserved. 

SCARROS. - tf | 

COLLEg: | 
LIBR: reed 

Ua Final y, there is an advanced-level course, 

September 22, 1972 

BIOCO4Y (Invertebrate Ecology), in which 
students do original research projects in fresh 
water, terrestrial or marine invertebrate ecol- 
ogy. Those students electing to study marine 
invertebrates must be familiar with skin diving 
since they spend one week on a coral reef 
four miles off the coast of Florida, observing 
animals in their natural habitats. This year, 
the first time this course has been offered, 
there are four students enrolled — one third- 
year and three fourth-year students. 

(It should be pointed out that the 
majority of the expenses for the field trips 
in these courses are paid by the students). 


On the night of September 2, Dr. 
Philip Gregory and Professor Philip Kron- 
berg (both from Scarborough College), 
along with other astronomers from U. of T., 
were preparing to observe the binary star 
Algol and other radio emitting stars, at the 
NCR observatory in Algonquin Park. The 
weather was poor for observing this star, so 
Dr. Gregory decided to check on another 
source of radio waves and x-ray emission 
in which he was interested. This source, 
called Cygnus X-3, had been discovered in 
1970 and usually emitted radio waves of 
intensity of about 0.01 flux units. That 
evening, his instrument was reading 22 flux 
units — 2200 times greater than normal! 
This sudden, enormous increase in intensity 
was unprecedented. 

Dr. Gregory phoned colleagues in 
other observatories and by Sunday morning 
six observatories were involved in the 

Both Dr. Gregory and Dr. Robert 
Hjeliming, of the U.S. National Radio 
Astronomy Observatory speculate that 
Cygnus X-3 could be a black hole, although 
they do not understand why it would be 
giving out radio energy. (A black hole isa 
place in the sky where an ancient, long 
worn-out star has collapsed and all matter 
is disappearing in a vast surge of radiation). 
Another possible explanation is that the 
object is experiencing the equivalent of an 

Optical astronomers are also hoping 
to study his phenomenon but their pros- 
pects are poor. Cygnus is in an almost 
black part of the Milky Way, obscured by 
dark clouds or mass. 

Professor Kronberg reported that the 
strong radio emission has gradually dimi- 
nished over the past two weeks to its 
original low level. The question remains: 
What was it? 



For reasons of health and for efficient 
operation of the cafeteria, members of 
staff and students are asked not to remove 
trays, cutlery, etc. from the cafeteria nor 
to eat outside the designated eating areas. 

Those people who have been using 
the Service Tunnel entrance to enter and 
leave the building are asked to discontinue 
this practice. It is not only dangerous, 
but the electronically—controlled doorway 
was not designed for and is incapable of 
handling so much traffic. 

Faculty, faculty wives, staff and students: 

The annual residential campaign for 
the United Appeal begins next week. Many 
volunteers will be needed to do the job. 
Volunteers can put their names and phone 
numbers on the sheet provided in the 
Meeting Place on the south bulletin board. 

West Hill-Highland Creek campaign 
chairman, Lois James, will arrange conven- 
ient individual assignments, or, if there are 
enough people, a Scarborough College Blitz 
night can be set up for Monday, October 5. 

Meet your neighbours and do a good 
turn at the same time. 

Lois James 

At its meeting on Tuesday, September 
19, the Faculty Club elected a new exe- 
cutive: R. Dengler, President; R. Rigelhof, 
Social Secretary; C. Pickett, Treasurer. 
I. Campbell, J. Lee, C. Sparrow. K. Theil, 
V. Tripp are members of the executive 

All eligible members are asked to pay 
their $10.00 fee to Cathy Pickett. 



For almost a year and a half now, we of 
Pollution Probe Scarborough have maintained 
a modest office within Scarborough College. 

® ou organization has been operating 
full-time under federal and provincial grants 
as well as private funding campaigns. As of 
June 4, 1972 we have received a formal 
charter from the Province of Ontario as 

“Community Consultants for Environmental . 

Action (Ontario) Ltd.’ This non-profit 
charitable foundation will enable Pollution 
Probe Scarborough to get funding for environ- 
mental projects which concern Scarborough 
and the Greater Toronto Region. 

The nature and scope of our work is 
such that there exist ample opportunities 
for any interested persons. to participate with 
us towards the final realization of sound 
policies of enviroment and resource manage- 
ment and we extend an open invitation to 
staff and students alike to do just that. Come 
in and see us, or call: 284-3346, 3258, 
(@296. See if we can help you, or you can 
help us. And maybe we can help each 
other. New students are especially welcome. 

Pierre Coté, 

Norm Hawirko, 
Executive Director 


Leonard Steele, 
Executive Administrator 

A photographer from Gerald Campbell 
Studios will-be at the College the week of 
October 16. Graduating students are re- 
quested .to make appointments for their 
photos at the S.C.S.C. office, room S-303H. 


In order to be included in Friday’s 

Msue, contributions to the Bulletin should be 
sent by Tuesday, 5:00 p.m. (of that week) to 
M. Bradshaw, Assistant to the Principal. 

by Specks Tator 

Fluffy white clouds against a brilliant 
blue sky greeted the throngs flocking t 
view the equally brilliant guests assembled 
to the gala féte celebrating Scarborough’s 
cornerstone-laying last Tuesday. 

Garbed in a simple plaid suit which 
set off his shining eyes and neatly trimmec 
moustache, Principal D.R. Campbell murm- 
ured a few words into a microphone in the 
Meeting Place and summoned ll to the 
sunlit plaza between the new classroom 
and recreation areas. In by no means too 
few words, the Principal summoned a nattv 
David Onley to the podium to introduce 
the new President of the University. Res- 
plendent and stately in a grey suit, Dr. 
Evans gazed down at the grouped Lilli- 
putians and paid tribute to the past Prin- 
cipal and Dean and the architects of 
Scarborough’s glowing past. Citing this 
occasion as his first official act, President 
Evans used a broad brush to limn the past 
history and future prospects of the College. 

Followed to the rostrum by Ron Blair 
Chairman-elect of the College Council, 
Dr. Evans withdrew in favour of the 
introduction of Gus Harris, Controller of 
Scarborough who had foresightedly brought 
with him his own trowel. Laying on the 
plaster, Mr. Harris reminded his audience 
of the profit gleaned by the Borough from 
Scarborough’s students. Finally, a jubliant 
Principal welcomed all the guests and 
ushered them back to the Meeting Place 
for tasty refreshments supplied by the 
College’s chef de cuisine. 

A good time was had by all. 



social Sciences Chairman 

born in Toronto, attended Univer- 
sity of Toronto School; graduate B. 
Comm. University of Toronto 
Massey Fellowship, Trinity College, 
Cambridge. B.A. 

Senior Scholar, Trinity College, 
M.A. Ph.D., University of Cambridge. 
During period at Cambridge member 
of Political Economy (Keynes) 
Studied under Keynes, Dennis Rob- 
ertson, Joan Robinson, R.F. Kahn, 

took post at Tufts College, Mass- 

Carnegie Fellow and Research Asso- 
ciate, National Bureau of Economic 

Moved to Stanford University, Cal- 

ifornia. Eventually Department 
Head and. Professor of Economics 
Guggenheim Fellow. Lecturer on 
International Economics at Cam- 

Ford Faculty Research Fellowship 
Fulbright Fellow, Ancona, Italy 
For some years actively associated 
with Stanford’s Overseas Campus 
Programme. Taught in Florence, 

Italy for three periods and in Stutt- - 

gart, Germany for one. 

Author of a number of books and 

Consultant at times to the U. S. 
Joint Economic Committee, U.S. 
Treasury Department — Federal 
Reserve Board 


Economics, Visiting Associate Professok? 
Jon Cohen 
— six years as member of faculty 
of Yale University 
— specialization in Economic His- 
tory, with particular interest in 

Economics, Visiting Assistant Professor, 
John Gemello 
— is completing Ph.D. at Stanford 
— interests are Public Finance and 
Urban Economics 

Economics, Assistant Professor, Mark Walker 

— previously Assistant Professor at 

Graduate School of Management, 
Northwestern University 

— area of interest is Collective Dec- 

ision Procedures ( 

Political Science, Visiting Professor H. 
Gordon Skilling 
— Director of the Centre for Russian 
and East European Studies at 
University of Toronto 
— will be conducting seminar on 
Comparative Communism in East- 
ern Europe in the fall term. 

Political Science, Assistant Professor ,Victor 
Falkenheim Lae 
— graduate of Princeton and Col- 
— taught at Franklin and Marshall 
College since 1964 
— specialist in contemporary Chinese 
politics with general interest in 
Comparative communism in Asia 
— will be involved in developiry 
modern Chinese studies at Unive- 
rsity of Toronto 

inj alba to be continued next week 



Number 5 if 

\¢ r 



In May of this year, Queen’s Univ- 
ersity announced that they were no longer 

going to offer extension courses in Oshawa. 

Scarborough College was subsequently 
approached by representatives of Durham 
College of Applied Arts and Technology, 
and of the Ontario County School Board, 
who urged us to offer some courses in 
Oshawa during 1972/73, if at all possible. 
The request met a quick response in the 
College with the result that three full- 
year courses and four term courses are 
being offered at Durham College on Mon- 
day or Tuesday evenings for residents of 
the Oshawa area. The courses being 
offered, the approximate enrolment, and 
the Instructors are listed below (note 
that we are replacing the A, B, C desig- 
nation with X, Y, Z to avoid confusion 
with courses offered on the Scarborough 

ENGXO8Y 40 J. Kay 
GGRXO6F 17 K. Francis 
GGRXO8S (17) P. Cave 
HISYOSF 50 W. McKay 
HISYO6S (50) W. McKay 
PHLXOIY 24 S. DeHaven 
POLY23Y 15 J. Dreifelds 

The numbers are still approximate 
since many prospective students had, by 
September 19, still not received notice of 
their admissibility to the University of 

ae o oe ry 

F ‘i Py, 



September 29, 1972 

tay lite 

Wer aie Eee © 
+ es 

? Ce hist te 
* "The response to our offerings has 

<—beéir- very “jencouraging considering the 

late date at which the preparations began. 
We are still receiving enquiries from pros- 
pective students who have only recently 
heard of the courses. It is only through 
the co-operation of Durham College, who 
are providing classroom, bookstore and 
library facilities, the Ontario County Sch- 
ool Board and Queen’s University, who 
both provided us with names of pros- 

pective students, and the Office of Ad- 
missions of the University who made 
special arrangements to handle the un- 
expected number of somewhat late appli- 
cations for these courses, that we have 
been able to establish what looks to be a 
successful new campus for Scarborough 

J.D. King 


A foolhardy fly, I 

remembering what Thurber had said 

re angels and fools 

and angels in heaven and fools not dead, 
accepted invitations, entered parlours, 
tasted the texture of spidered thought 
and growing emulous, 

learned weaving, 

My doors are open from dawn to dust. 



What began as an informal debate 
among four college professors over lunch- 
time coffee has developed into a new 
undergraduate course with a novel structure. 
Called “Contemporary Cultures in Quest- 
ion”, HUM B13 invites students to join in 
the continuing discussion of whether hum- 
anity has a future, among professors Louis 
Mignault (French), Bonny Clancy (Philo- 
sophy), Abe Ross (Psychology), and John 
Lee (Sociology). 

Every second week the four will 
engage in an open debate with the enrolled 
students as a participating audience. In the 
intervening weeks students will present their 
own position papers to seminars at which 
the professors will act as resource persons 
on a rotating system, thus all forty students 
enrolled will have ample opportunity to 
become acquainted with each professor 
personally. Assigned readings for the 
course range from Neitzche through Freud 
and Sartre to Toffler and Skinner, and the 
final grade assessment will include an oral 

“Tm not optimistic about humanity’s 
future and the course certainly doesn’t 
guarantee an upnote ending” Professor Lee 
reports. ‘‘SSome of my colleagues are less 
Jeremiad that me, of course.” Professor 
Lee’s position paper which was presented 
at the first panel discussion names “‘at 
least nine probably mortal problems with 
no viable solutions in sight, or even likely”’. 
They are permanent local wars, ultimate 
global war, devastating civil conflicts, mind 
control and electronic surveillance, future 
shock of rapid social change, exhaustion of 
the earth’s natural resources, overwhelming 
pollution, intolerable gaps in relative living 
standards, and uncontrollable population 
explosion. ‘“Technology has no solutions” 
Professor Lee argues. “In fact, technology 
is the problem.” 

“We want to break down the water- 
tight compartments between subject matters 
and make learning relevant to man’s con- 
temporary problems’, Professor Mignault 
told the opening class. ‘‘We would like 
to have had even more professors here 
from other disciplines.” 


Making wine on one’s own is fun 
and inexpensive. 

Making wine together is even less 
expensive. The equipment needed is not 
costly; nor are the concentrates (or grapes 
and crusher, if you are venturesome). If a 
group of people share the costs they are 
even lower. If a group of people volun- 
tarily associate into a winemaking club 
they can get a discount from most wine- 
making supply stores. 

In addition, making wine together 
usually provides an occasion for a con- 
vivial savouring of the juices. This form 
of technological spinoff, although ancient, 
has retained its quaint charm even into 
modern times. 

Anyone interested in joining a loose 
(or tightly) knit voluntary association of 
Scarborough College Winemakers and Tas- 
ters please drop into the Faculty Lounge 
next Thursday October 5 at 2:30 p.m. 
If you are interested and cannot come 
contact Vincent di Norica (H-505; phone 
3145; home phone - 284-4907). 

One way or another I will try to 
provide information about winemaking to 
those interested and perhaps all interested 
might form the first Scarborough College 

Vincent di Norcia 




These paintings are fanciful renditions 
both abstract and semi-abstract using elec- 
@pn and photomicrographs for inspiration. 
They are not intended to be accurate 
representations of the work studied but 
rather an imaginative use of the material 
from the point of view of colour and comp- 
osition. At the same time they retain the 
feeling of the order of the universe that 
exists down to its smallest parts, rather 
than the disorder of unreality. 

Since there is no colour involved in 
electron micrographs, such as the Freeze- 
Etchings exploited here, there is scope for 
experiment in both colour and composition. 
They are particularly suitable for water- 
colours because both depend on _ the 
appearance of light and shadow. 

My educational background combined 
both Science (including Bacteriology) and 
@rt. I can identify with both worlds and 
these paintings combine my interest and 
my background. 

Doris Murray 

ENROLMENT 1972/73 
All figures are as of September 25, 1972 

1) Full-time 2) Part-time 
Ist year 970 No. of students 
2nd year 580 1007 
3rd year 359 C 
eae 216 oer e: Enrolments 


_ Of interest is the number of full- 
time students who pre-registered but did 
not register. The breakdown is as follows: 

Ist year 48 
2nd year 31 
3rd year 13 
4th year 23 

The large first-year number is un- 
precedented since from previous experience 
we should have expected the number to 
be less than 20. 


Douglas Cockell, who left Scarborough 
College in 1969 with a B.A. and has since 
completed work for his M.A. on the St. 
George Campus, will be remembered by 
many people as an outstanding student, 
active also as an actor, director and film 
maker. For over a year now he has tried 
in vain to find a job suitable to his 
qualifications and interests. He is part- 
icularly imterested in film but also in 
teaching. At present he is employed by a 
book shop. 

If anyone knows of a suitable position 
for Mr. Cockell, please contact Professor 


The first seminar for this year will be 
held on Tuesday, October 3 at 4 p.m. in 
the Faculty Lounge. Dr. Francis Burton 
‘will present a paper on Non-Human 
Primates, Sexual Antagonism in. 

Members of all Divisions are welcome 


Political Science, Lecturer, Arthur Rubinoff 

— from Dartmouth College 

— interested in international relations 
and the politics of the Indians 

— published book, /ndia’s Use of 
Force in Goa 

— will help to develop courses in 
Asian politics 

Political Science, Lecturer, George Friesen 
— graduate of Universities of Alberta, 
Manchester and Harvard 
— specialist in international politics 
and comparative European gover- 
nment, with particular interest in 

Sociology, Associate Professor, Nancy 
— previously at Princeton University 
— specializing in urban sociology 
and demography 

Sociology, Visiting Assistant Professor, Jean- 
Louis de Lannoy 
— previously at Princeton University 
— specializing in political sociology, 

Latin American and Canadian soc- 



Mr. C. Sparrow (Geography) 
Mr. B. Greenwood (Geography ) 


Associate Professor — Mr. B. Green- 


Drama, Lecturer, Michael Schonberg © 

— completing Ph.D. at Graduate Cen 
tre for the Study of Drama, U. of T. 

— field of study: History of Theatre, 
Theatre and Drama of Eastern and 
Central Europe, Renaissance Theatre, 
Japanese Theatre 

— 1970-1972, part-time teaching ex- 
perience at Scarborough College 
and U. of T., St. George campus 

English. Lecturer. Sean Kane 

— Ph.D., U. of T. (1971) 

— thesis on ‘‘Spenser’s Moral Allegory” 

— area of interest: Renaissance Lit- 
erature, Middle English, English- 
Canadian Literature, Literary Theory. 

English, Lecturer, Tanya Long 

— M. Phil., U. of T. (1972) © 

— thesis entitled “Study of the heroine 
in the novels of Margaret Laurence” 

— three years part-time teaching ex- 
perience at Scarborough College 

English, Visiting Associate Professor, Martin 

—M.A., Johns Hopkins University 

— published novel: The Assignment 
— work in progress: screen play of 
The Assignment, another novel, 
short stories, poems, theatre pieces 
— extensive experience in advertising 
radio, films, theatre, television. 

English, Visiting Lecturer, Suniti Namjoshi 

— Ph.D. (1972), McGill University ¢ 

— areas of interest: Modern Canadian 
Poetry, Science Fiction, Oscar Wilde 
and the 1890’s, Ezra Pound 

— published many volumes of poetry 

—-— - —— —- —- er 




Number 6 


High energy physics is probably the 
most costly field of basic research, a fact 
which has led to fairly active criticism in 
recent years. The latest accelerator, at the 
National Accelerator Lab (N.A.L.) in Bat- 
avia, Illinois (which has a main ring of 
diameter of 1 kilometer) cost about $250 
million to build. The previous generation 
of machines have seemed to provide puzzies 
(mainly in the form of new particles) 
rather than answers. However, a theory 
proposed in 1967 by Steven Weinberg of 
M.I.T. and Abdus Salam of the Internat- 
ional Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste 
has recently been revived following the 
work of a graduate student G’t Hooft of 
the Netherlands and was the subject of 
much discussion at the XIVth International 
Conference on High Energy Physics held 
recently at the University of Chicago and 

One of the exciting aspects of the 
theory is that it seems to be close to being 
the first unified theory of matter, since 
the attempts by Einstein and Bohr, which 
has a chance of working. In nature, there 
are four major types of force: gravitational 
weak.electromagnetic, and strong ( in order 
of increasing strength). The gravitational 
force is too weak to be evident in experi- 
ments performed in the large accelerator 
laboratories. The electromagnetic force is 
evident in our daily lives. The Weinberg- 
Salam theory proposes that the weak and 
electromagnetic forces have a common 


}, October 6, 1972 


: origin. — the difference in strength coming 
from the difference* in mass between the 
particles which mediate the interactions. 
The electromagnetic force is mediated by 
the (massless) photon and the weak inter- 
action by a very heavy particle, usually 
called the W boson or the intermediate 
vector boson. The W boson has not been 
found yet since the heavy mass means thai 
a very high energy (such as that which will 
be obtained at N.A.L.) is needed to produce 
them and they will then exist for an ex- 
ceedingly short time before decaying into 
existing particles. The Weinberg-Salam 
theory is cleanest (i.e. most easily dis- 
proved) for purely lepton interactions — in- 
volving only electrons, muons and their 
neutrinos. It is hoped that, in addition 
to the N.A.L. machine, the new colliding 
beam machines at Frascati, {taly; DESY — 
Hamburg; Novosibirsk USSR, and SLAC, 
Stanford (which separate beams of electrons 
and their antiparticles, positrons, collide 
and annihilate one another — c.f., two cars 
colliding when each travel in opposite direc- 
tions) will be able soon te determine the 
validity of the Weinberg-Salam theory. At- 
though there has been a great deal of 
optimism over this new theory the present 
models, especialiy when extended to include 
the hadrons (all particies that are not 
photons or leptons) are not yet aesthetically 
pleasing. A great deal of activity in the 
field is obviously going to take place in the 
next year. 

P.J. O'Donnell 

by J.C. Ritchie 

How did it all get like this anyway — 
human cultural systems, the landscape, the 
boreal forest, the desert? It’s a long story 
but the most significant and drastic events 
which shaped our present scene took place 
in the last couple of million years — during 
that rather small segment of geological 
time known as the Quaternary. For ex- 
ample the following events occurred at 
various times in the last 20,000 years or so 
in our country: much of the land was 
covered by thick ice, which, as it receded 
formed inland lakes and seas bigger than 
modern Lake Superior; a large group of 
mammals (Sloths, camels, tigers, mammoths 
etc.) became extinct; man arrived from 
Eurasia; and the plants and animals which 
had migrated or otherwise survived in face 
of these drastic climatic changes, shuffled 

back to set up the tundra, forest, grasslands, 

and so on, we know and exploit today. 
These great cycles of change are still active, 
and the present fleeting episode is just one 
of several interglacial periods. 

Three of our faculty investigate these 
events — in the Lebanon, where Professor 
Bruce Schroeder is studying the early cult- 
ures of man and their relations to changes 
in climate and early domestication of 
plants and animals; in Maritime Canada and 
elsewhere where Professor Brian Greenwood 
investigates the dynamics of landscape cha- 
nge; and in arctic and forested regions 
where Professor J.C. Ritchie is helping to 
unfold the history of vegetation change 
since the ice sheets waned 15,000 years 

But these Quaternarists, as they are 
calied, can’t get along by themselves. They 
need the expertise of each other to unravel 
these intricate, inter-related processes. In 
fact Quaternary Studies must be the oldest 
“interdisciplinary”’ field — 2 centuries old 
at least. So when Professors Greenwood, 
Ritchie and Schroeder put their heads 
together and hatched up a new A-level 

course (NSCAO3Y Quaternary Environments 
and Man) which brings together all the 
threads of this fascinating story, there was 
nothing “new and groovy” about the idea. 
But perhaps it does provide students with 
an opportunity to bring together the sign- 
ificant changes and events of the immediate 

past — that immediate past which is gC 
key to the present. 


Suggestions for this year’s speaker 
shouid be forwarded to Principal Campbell 
by Wednesday, October 11. 

LOST: picture of the Kitt-Peak National 
Observatory, from the Physical Sciences 
bulletin board. Would anyone having 
knowledge of this photo contact Professor 
R. Roeder. 


A photographer from Gerald Campbell 
Studios will be at the College the week of 
October 16. Graduating students are re- 
quested to make appointments for their 
photos at the S.C.S.C. office, room S-303H. 


In the course of making arrangments 
for recycling of the College’s waste paper, 
it was discovered that Mr. R. Mann and 
his staff were ahead of us. 
now, they have been sorting, bundling and 
sending waste paper to a recycling firm. 
Congratulations to Mr. Mann and his staff 
for their initiative! 

; ( 
For some time 





FRI. OCT. 6 — the last day on which 
students may enter a full-year course (Y), 
a fall-term half-course (F) or a year-long 
half-course (H). 

TUES. OCT. 10 — Council Chamber, 2:00 
p.m., Art Committee Meeting | 

Council Chamber, 1:00 p.m. Under the 
auspices of Latin American Studies (Div. 
of Humanities) and History Students Asso- 
ciation, F.W.O. Morton, of St. Antony’s 
College, Oxford will give a talk entitled 
Brazil Today: Is the Future Here? 
Mr. Morton was formerly with the Dep- 
artment of External Affairs in Brazil. 

WED. OCT. 11— Council Chamber, 
4:10 p.m. Council Meeting 

THURS. OCT. 12 — Council Chamber, 

2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. Martin Myers: 

readings from his work in progress 

Soccer, at Erindale 4:15 p.m., Scarborough 
vs Erindale 

FRI. OCT. 13 — Football at Scarborough 
4:00 p.m., Scarborough vs Medicine 

by Edwin A. Goodman 

In less than a month, Canadians will 
be voting. Up to the present time, however, 
there seems to be a conspiracy of silence 
between the leaders of the three major 
parties about what I believe is the most 
important election issue. This issue is the 
economic, social and cultural independence 
of Canada. 

In calling the election, Mr. Trudeau 
has said “‘the challenge is nothing less than 
the integrity of Canada .. .”. I admire the 
Prime Minister’s aplomb in setting the issue 
in the field that his government most clearly 
has failed to take action. No country most 
of whose resources are foreign-owned and 
processed abroad; whose electrical, chemical 
and petroleum industries and half of its 
manufacturing industries are owned abroad; 
whose professional and entrepreneurial clas- 
ses work and live in a truncated world; 
where two-thirds of its trade union is 
foreign-controlled; where most of its enter- 
tainment industry and many of its cultural 
and educational institutions are foreign 
based or oriented; has integrity. 

With the government open to attack 
on this issue on its front, its rear and its 
flanks, in the campaign up to the time of 
writing, neither Mr. Stanfield nor Mr. Lewis 
have as yet been prepared to advance a 
concrete policy or even deal with this issue. 
The only criticism to date has come from a 
few individual candidates, Mr. Eric Kierans 
and the Committee for an Independent 
Canada. : 

If no political leader is prepared to 
make a commitment on this matter which 
is of such concern to many Canadians, it 
follows therefore that if there ever was a 
time in Canadian history when it would be 
advantageous to have a minority govern- 
ment, it is now. Only this way will our 
next government become sensitive to pub- 
lic opinion. 



P.H. SALUS, Chairman 

— born in Vienna, raised in New York 

— B.Sc. (Chemistry) M.A. (Germanic 
Languages), Ph.D. (Linguistics), 
New York University 

— Chairman, Department of Ling- 
uistics, Queens College, City Univ- 
ersity of New York 

— Chairman, Programmein Linguistics 
University of Massachusetts 

— Fulbright researcher in Iceland 

— American Philosophical Society 

— Visiting Professor, New York Univ- 
ersity and Ohio State University 

— visiting lecturer and external exam- 
iner, Université de Genéve, Swit- 

— editorial consultant, Holt, Rinehart 
and Winston and Indiana University 

— Board of Trustees, Linguistic Re- 
search Inc. 

— translator of two books, editor of 
three books, author of three books 
and about 50 articles and reviews. 

French, Assistant Chantal 
— Ph.D. (1969), Wayne State Univ- 
ersity, Michigan 
— thesis topic: “Les Romancier 
Naturalistes et la Question de 
Emancipation Féminine” 
—formerly Assistant Professor at 
State University of New York at 



In order to be included in Friday’s 
issue, contributions to the Bulletin should 
be sent by Tuesday, 5:00 p.m. ( of that 
week) to M. Bradshaw, Assistant to the 


French, Lecturer, Sylvia Mittler 

— Ph.D. (1971), University of Stras- 

— thesis topic: Les Débuts Litté- 
raires d’Henri Pourrat 

— teaching experience at University 
of Toronto and University of Stras- 

History, Lecturer, Ian Robertson 
— Ph.D. (1972), McGill University 
— teaching interests: Canadian Intell- 
ectual History; Canadian History, 
1841 to present; History of U.S.A., 
slavery crisis to present; Russian 
History 1801-1929; Philosophy of 
Linguistics, Associate Professor, Robert 
— Ph.D. (1969), University of Chicago 
— thesis topic: Studies in Derivation 
of Predicative Structures 
— previous post as Assistant Professor 
of Linguistics, University of Kansas 
— has some knowledge of the following 
languages: Clasical Greek, Latin, 
Sanskrit, Hieroglyphic Egyptian, 
Spanish, French, German, and 
some computer languages (COMIT 
It, SNOBOL III, and FAP). 

Philosophy, Lecturer, Steven DeHaven 
= PhiDo Coe 2) Ure ober. 

— thesis topic: Intentionality and 

Intensionality, a study of the 

logical structure of psychological 

— Woodrow Wilson Fellow 

— last position as Visiting Assistant 
Professor at Simon Fraser Univer-' 

Philosophy, Visiting Assistant Professor. 
Vincent diNorcia 
— Ph.D. (1969), University of Toronto 
— Ph.D. thesis: Bernard Lonergan’s | 
Theory of Development 
— taught philosophy at Laurentian 
University and University of Sud- 
bury College, 1966-1972 

Number 7 

by A.S. Ross 

Newspaper reports of cries for help 
that are ignored by bystanders are usually 
greeted by cries of concern from the 
general public. Questions such as, “How 
have we come to this?” are asked, and 
answers such as, “apathy” and ‘‘dehuman- 
ization due to urban environment” are 
heard. Answers such as these lead us 
only to the security of the thought that 
since we ourselves are not dehumanized 
or apathetic we would have helped; they 
do not lead to an increased understanding 
of human behaviour. Why then, under 
some circumstances do people ignore a 
cry for help? 

Answers which are emerging from 
research conducted in our laboratory and 
those at other universities reveal two 
determining factors. First, we have found 
that when only one person is present at 
the time of an emergency helping occurs 
90 %, of the time, while with two others 
present it occurs only 15 %, of the time. 
The more people present at the time of 
an emergency the more responsibility can 
be diffused among them and the less 
likely any one person is to help. 

The second determining factor is 
whether or not others present are ignoring 
the emergency. Many emergencies are 
ambigouous. Observing others ignoring a 
situation may enable us to resolve our 



October 13, 1972 

ambiguity by deciding that the situation 
is not an emergency. The fact that we 
use the cues emitted by others to determine 
our behaviour in an emergency is not 
surprising considering that in our everyday 
life we use cues from others as to what 
behaviour is expected of us in novel 

One conclusion which follows from 
this research is that whether or not any- 
one responds to an emergency depends on 
what is going on around them. There are 
no “good” people or ‘“‘bad”’ people. Given 
the right situation any of us will help, 
but under other circumstances we are just 
as likely not to. 


This article is the second in what 
hopefully will become a series of articles 
featuring research topics in the various 
disciplines. 1 would appreciate hearing 
from faculty members who have research 
projects that are easily described in simple 
English, i.e., do not require professional 
jargon or extensive knowledge of the 
discipline on the part of the reader. 

by John Corbett 

There can be few people at Scar- 
borough College who have not heard of 
the substantial increase in fees faced by 
Arts and Science students this year as a 
result of decisions taken by the provincial 
government. Possibly some people have 
followed in the press (in as much as they 
were reported) the similar but more drastic 
changes in the health sciences field — cha- 
nges which have led to withdrawal of 
living allowances for internes in certain 
health science courses (physiotheraphy, 
dietetics etc.) as well as substantial fee 

But perhaps, if we are to judge 
from the public response to this import- 
ant issue within the college community, 
few people realize that these increases in 
fees will continue in years to come and 
apparently represent the beginning of a 
new government policy regarding post- 
secondary education. (‘“Apparently” — 
because the government seems under- 
standably reluctant to announce this new 
policy in an explicit way). In any case 
it seems certain that this policy, shifting 
a large percentage of the cost of post- 
secondary education onto the shoulders 
of students without providing sufficient 
support in the way of grants, will return 
the province of Ontario to the “elitist” 
system of education which we seemed to 
have abandoned in recent years in favour 
of an open-door” policy. Many Scar- 
borough College students will be con- 
cerned that these projected increases (esp- 
ecially severe in the areas of graduate work 
and professional training, medicine, law 
etc.) will make their planned programs of 

study much more difficult — if not 
But everyone should ask what 

the effects of these changes in government 
policy will be for the College’s future. 
Can we really tolerate a wholesale attack 
on the principle of wide accessibility to 
post-secondary education? What will be 

- the effect of such a policy on the academic 

development of Scarborough College? 

Whatever our feelings on this impor- 
tant issue, we should all try to make our 
influence felt on the provincial government 
during the coming year. Students esp- 
ecially can help by voting in the Ontario 
wide referendum regarding the proposed 

withholding of fees (October 11/12). 


One evening, at a wine and cheese 

I heard an academic sneeze. 

And instantly, within the room 

Eyebrows were raised, predicting doom. 
‘“‘Have you,”’ said one, “thought carefully _ 
Of the effect of history Wi 
On what you did?” Another cried, 
“Remember the year that King James died 
His countrymen, quite tragically, 

Praised the sneeze fanatically.”’ 

‘You misconstrue, you misconstrue! ” 
Cried yet one more, “I challenge you! 
Last year, I’m certain you'll recall 

A new book by Professor Small 

Dealt with this topic in detail; 

To...’ ‘‘Hold it! °’ growled Professor Grey, 
‘Just last week at the M.L.A. 

Three papers showed the R.T.V. 

Of C.P.E. and Series B! ” 

They warbled on and on in gloom 

When from the far side of the room 

Not purposely, but still quite pleased, 
Another academic sneezed. 

Joan Howard 

| ov Oe ce kh SST Se ee 




FRI. OCT. 13 — Football at Scarborough 
4:00 p.m. Scarborough vs Medicine 

MON. OCT. 16 — 8:15 p.m., Faculty 
Lounge, University Women’s Club 
Guest speaker, Ms. Phyllis Switzer, Vice- 
President of CITY TV _ will speak on 
“Women and the Media’. 

TUES. OCT. 17 — Room H216, 2:00 p.m. 
to 4:00 p.m., Film ‘“‘Apes of Gibraltar’ 

WED. OCT. 18 — Fresco Gallery, Royal 
Ontario Museum 5:30 p.m., “In Person” 
Martin Myers will read his own work. 

Soccer, at Scarborough 4:15 p.m., Scar- 
borough vs Senior Engineering 

Football, at Scarborough 4:00 p.m., 
Scarborough vs New College 

Room $319, 2:00 p.m., a showing of 
“The Milky Way” (French with English 
Subtitles) by Luis Bunuel. Admission is 
free. All are invited, but priority will be 
given to students in HISB27Y Europe 

FRI. OCT. 20 — Durham College Lecture 
Theatre 8:00 p.m. Admission $1.00. 
Russell Moses, special Assistant to Jean 
Cretien, Minister of Indian Affairs and 
Northern Development in the Federal 
Cabinet, and himself a Canadian Indian, 
will speak on the topic: A Canadian 
Indian Looks at Minority Problems. 

Soccer, Downtown 4:15 p.m., Scarboro- 
ugh vs Victoria 


There are no customers at your 
Credit Union. It’s the REAL people 

A credit union is people. It’s owned 
by people. It’s operated by people for 
people. Credit union people. Your credit 
union, the REAL people place, still has 
that personal touch you want and need. 

A credit union is factory workers, 
and office workers and construction work- 
ers. It’s clerks and secretaries and house- 
wives. It’s farm people and city people. 
Its young people and mature people. 
It’s people who own a piece of the action. 
They re member-owners of their very own 
credit union. 

It’s people saving and getting reason- 
able dividends. It’s people borrowing at 
reasonable interest rates. It’s people who 
receive great insurance benefits at no 
additional cost. 

If you’re presently a customer some- 
where consider the advantages of being 
a member-owner. Be a joiner. Join us 
at your credit union: 

University of Toronto Employees Credit 
Union Limited 

199 College Street 

Toronto 130 

Telephone 928-3220 


Remember last year’s print making 
workshop under Saul Fields’ direction? 
Interested in participating in an informal 
workshop this year? Faculty, staff and 
students who are interested, please leave 
your names in Professor Leon’s mailbox. 


Physical Sciences Group 

Astronomy, Assistant Professor, P.G. Martin 
— B.Sc., M.Sc. , University of Toronto 
— Ph.D. (1972), University of Cambri- 
— research interests: theoretical 
aspects and observations of inter- 
Stellar circular polarization and 
radiation transfer in dust shells 

Chemistry, Lecturer, G. Kwong-Chip 
— B.Sc. London University, England 
— Ph.D. (1972), Dalhousie University, 


-- research interest: exploratory or- 
ganic synthesis, organometallic 
compounds, reaction mechanism 

Chemistry, Associate Professor, T. T. 

— B.S. (1960), Georgia Institute of 

— A.M., Ph.D. (1963—64), Harvard 

— thesis topic: Highly Branched 
Molecules (under direction of P.D. 

— previously Assistant Professor, Un- 
iversity of South Carolina 

Chemistry, Lecturer, F. Tsien 
— B.S. (1964) University of Cattaenia 
— Ph.D. (1969), University of Wash- 
— post-doctoral experience at SUNY 
at Buffalo, lowa State University, 
University of Toronto 

Chemistry, Lecturer, R.M. Yealland 

— B.Sc., M.A., Ph.D (1967), Univer- 
sity of Toronto 

— post-doctoral research experience 
at Applied Physics Institute, Bann, 
Germany and Institute of Physics, 
Genova, Italy 

— teaching experience at U. of T. 

Computer Science, Lecturer, W.H. Enright 
— B.Sc., U.B.C. 
— M.Sc., U. of T. 
— Ph.D. (1972), U. of T. 

— teaching and reserach interest is 
numerical analysis 
Mathematics, Assistant Professor, R. Del- 


— M.A., Technological University of 

— Ph.D. (1971). University of Cal- 
ifornia at Berkeley 

— thesis topic: Variational Problems 
within the Class of Salutions of a 
Partial Differential Equation 

Mathematics, Associate Professor I. Kupka 

— Ph.D., IMPA Rio de Janeiro (1965) 

— research associate at CNRS, Paris 

(1959-1960) and at IMPA, Rio de 
Janeiro (1963-65) 

— teaching experience at University 

of California, Berkeley (1965-70), 

at University of Montreal (1970-71) 

at SUNY, Stony Brook (1971-72) 

Physics, Professor, H.C. Corben 
— see Bulletin, September 8th issue 

Physics, Professor, G.D. Scott 
— B.A., M.A., Ph.D. (1946), U. of T. 
— teaching career at U. of T. 
— 1962-69, Associate Chairman, De- 
partment of Physics, U. of T. 

Physics, Associate Professor, P.A. Griffen 
— B.Sc. .M.Sc., U.B.C. 
— Ph.D. (1965), Cornell University 
— formerly Associate Professor, Dep- 
artment of Physics, U. of T. 

Physics, Assistant Professor, A. E. Jacobs ( 
— B.A.Sc., U.ofT. 
— MSc., Waterloo University 
— Ph.D. (1968), U. of Illinois 
— previously Assistant Professor, Dep- 
artment of Physics, U. of T. 



Number 8 

by Specks Tator 

Mr. R.S. Blair starred in his premiere 
as Chairman of the Scarborough College 
Council last week; gratifying an obviously 
paid claque with his deft dealing and wry 

After a sober greeting concerning the 
enrolment shortfall, delivered in stentorian 
tones by our ever-dapper Principal, Mr. 
Blair turned to the Minutes which, thanks 
to the ever-flagging efforts of Neil Dobbs, 
were noi available. 

Wending next to the Committee 
reports, Mr. Gooch, hirsute chairman of 
the General Policy Committee, delivered 
himself of a lengthy recounting of the 
decade of meetings the doughty GP had 
sweated through over the summer. The 
report was greeted with great favour, save 
for the section barring the sale of beer in 
the Meeting Place. John Lee came out in 
favour of imbibing, especially during hoc- 
key games, and his amendment to provide 
for possible tippling at the indiscretion of 
the Principal was passed. 

The transitory nature of the Trans- 
itional Year Programme was briefly but 
deeply mourned. 

The absent Professor Thomas re- 
ported in writing on the activities of the 
Awards and Admissions Committee, and 
questions were asked concerning the im- 
plications of certain sanctions in the event 
of a fee-strike.. 

eee ane 

October 20th, 1972 

Dean King reported that there was 
no report of the Computer Committee as 
it had not met. There was prolonged 
applause. The Library Committee had not 
met either, to the relief of many. Prot- 
essor Harris reported that the Pianning 
and Building Committee had not met 
since last spring and that various and sun- 
dry affairs awaited action on the St. Geo- 
trge campus. Dean King (sitting) reported 
on the Committee on Standing. 

Always a stern disciplinarian, the 
Principal reported on the establishment 
of a court. 

A good time was had by ail. 

Paul Ricoeur, famous French philos- 
opher, formerly of the University of Nan- 
terre and now visting professor of philos- 
ophy at the University of Torento, will 
give a lecture on The Concept of Action 
in Linguistic Analysis, Phenomenology 
and Political Philosophy at Scarborough 
College, in the Council Chamber on Fri- 
day, Oct. 27, 1972 at 2:00 p.m. 


The New Programme Committee (a 
subcommittee of the Presidential Advis- 
ory Committee) under the Chairmanship 
of Professor Berlyne will be hoiding week- 
ly, open meetings every Thursday at 4:10 
p.m. in Room 3050, Sidney Smith Hall. 
Any interested person is welcome. 




The Fulani of Nigeria are light-skinn- 
ed non-negrcid cattle nomads of the Mos- 
lem faith. In fact, they are probably the 
world’s largest nomadic tribe and they in- 
habit that part of Africa’s Western Sudan 
from Senegal to Lake Chad. 

The Fulani highly value cattle: to 
them cattle are a measure of wealth. The 
northern Nigerian portion of this tribe 
alone has approximately 10 million head 
— roughly six per person. Cattle are their 
main source of food 
dairy products and corn. The future of 
the Fulani as other pastoral nomads in 
the world is in jeopardy, for as the 
world’s population grows there is not 
enough grazing land to feed their cattle. 
The Government of Nigeria, which is sen- 
sitive to this problem, is seeking a solution 
through a requested loan from the World 

Professor C. Hopen, who has spent 
three of his five years in Africa with the 
Fulani, joined other scientists (veterin- 
arians, botanists and economists) in a 
mission to appraise the situation of these 
people and to suggest changes to alleviate 
it. His particular job was to determine 
the sociological implications of the pro- 
posed changes and to design ranch-settle- 
ment models to serve as pilot projects. 

— their diet consists of 



After ener aiaty Bs Nigeria, ‘the team sp- 
ent one month in Washington writing a 
report in which they recommended, am- 
ong other things, the following improve- 
ments: increased water supplies, impro- 
ved pastures, establishment of veterinary 
medical centres and medical dispensaries 
and conversion of existing forest reserves 
into grazing reserves. At present, the 
Nigerian Government and the World Bank 
are negotiating terms for the proposed 
loan to finance these changes. 


The photo above is of a Fulani temp- 
orary shelter. 

In the summer of 1968, Professor 
Hopen and Mr. D. Harford travelled in Ni- 
geria to photographically study the activi- 
ties and the culture of the Fulani and the 
Hausa (sedentary, agricultural and urban 
people). After editing, two exciting films 
Soro and The Market’s Edge, were prod- 
uced. This summer Professor Hopen 
showed these films to the Fulani and 
Hausa some of whom appeared in the 
films. Since for them the experience 
was novel, the reaction was _ hilarious. 
The movies were also screened on the 
Nigerian television at Kaduna. 




FRI. OCT. 20 — Soccer, Downtown, 
4:15 p.m. Scarborough vs Victoria College 
Durham College Lecture Series. 8:00 
p.m. (See last week’s Bulletin). 

SUN. OCT. 22 — Scarborough College, 
Meeting Place, 3:30 p.m. Chamber Players 
of Toronto, Director: Victor Martin, 
Works by Boccherini, Vivaldi, Glick. Guest 
Artist, Christopher Weait, (Principal bas- 
soonist with the Toronto Symphony Or- 
chestra) will play the Fasch Bassoon 

MON. OCT. 23 - Council Chamber, 1:00 
p.m. Poetry readings by Alden Nowlan 
and Elizabeth Brewster. 

TV Wing, Viewing Room ‘‘A’’, 9:00 a.m. 
- 5:00 p.m. Film preview of National 
Film Board’s latest releases: The Sea, 
City Limits, Epilogue, (and others). 

Rugger, at Scarborough 4:30 p.m. Scar- 
borough vs Trinity ‘‘A’’. 

Volleyball, at Hart House, 8:30 p.m. 
Scarborough vs New College. 

TUES.OCT. 24 — Lacrosse at Hart House 
7:30 p.m., Scarborough vs University Co- 

Faculty Lounge, 6:00 p.m., Louis Lefeber, 
Prof. of Economics at York U. and con- 
sultant to Chilean government, will talk 
about the current economic problem in 
Chile. All are welcome. 

THURS. OCT. 26 - Football, Downtown 

(West) 3:00 p.m., Scarborough vs For- 

Council Chamber, 4:10 p.m. Special 
Council Meeting to discuss curriculum. 

Volleyball (Women), at Ryerson, 6:30 
p.m., Scarborough vs Ryerson. 

Basketball (Women), at Centennial 7:00 
p.m., Scarborough vs Centennial. 

Lacrosse, at Hart House, 7:30 p.m. Scar- 
borough vs Dentistry. 

FRI. OCT. 27 - Soccer at Scarborough, 
4:00 p.m., Scarborough vs School of 
Physical Education. 

Hockey (Women), at Centennial, 1:00 p.m. 
Scarborough vs Erindale. 

Rugger, Main Campus, 1:15 p.m. Scar- 
borough vs Engineering J. 

End of Murray Exhibit. 

Room §-128, 3:30 p.m. Prof. J. D. King 
will speak on “Spectroscopy or What Phy- 
sics is All About’. Coffee and cakes are 
available at 3:00 p.m. in the Facuity Lou- 
nge. All are welcome. 

STOLEN: Picture of the Kitt-Peak Nat- 
ional Observatory, from the Physical 
Sciences bulletin board. Would anyone 
having knowledge of this photo contact 
Professor R. Roeder. 


Reminder: membership fees 
are now due for the Faculty Club. Please 
send $10.00 or cheque (made out to 
Scarborough College Faculty Club) to 
Cathy Pickett, Treasurer. 

Editorial Note: 

A brief curriculum vitae for each new 
faculty member has now been printed. 
In future, this page will feature the acad- 
emic activities of students and faculty 
members, e.g., publications, addresses, etc. 

I would appreciate receiving infor- 

mation of such activities dating from 
September 1, 1972. 


invitied participant at the 16th International 

Conference on High Energy Physics held 
at the University of Chicago and at the 
National Excellerator Laboratory, Batavia, 
[ilinois, from September 6th to 13th. 

lished an article in The Canadian Entom- 
Ologist, 104:991-993 entitled The Effect 
of Micro-cauterizing the ALPPM (“Gold 
Spot” of Authors) of the Pupa of the 
Monarch Butterfly, Danaus P. Plexippus 
(Lepidoptera: Danaidae). 

DON FARQUHARSON, a geography stu- 
dent at Scarborough College spent the 
late spring and summer in the Cambridge 
Bay area of the Northwest Territories 

collecting data on land use and occupance. 

He froze some toes and earned the name 
luktuk Kabloona meaning “‘the white man 
who doesn’t know better’ while travell- 
ing with local hunters with whom he 
became acquainted the year before while 
in Cambridge Bay on an Opportunities 
for Youth project. Don will be writing 
his senior thesis on land use and occupance 
in the Cambridge Bay area, work which 
has some considerable bearing on native 
land claims in the Canadian North. 


Mr. Alden Nowlan and Miss Elizabeth 
Brewster will be reading their poetry at 
1:00 p.m., Monday, Oct. 23 in the Council 

Alden Nowlan is from the Maritimes 
and Elizabeth Brewster is from the Prair- 
ies. Both write eloquently simple poetry 
reflecting their roots and the viewpoint of 
their sexes. Both crystallize a mood or 
a moment of deep perception in their po- 
ems and both read them extremely well. 

Both poets have had new books pub- 
lished by Clarke Irwin the last few months. 
Miss Brewster’s is called “Sunrise North”’ 
and foilows four other volumes. Last 
year she was Writer in Residence at the 
University of Alberta and she has spent 
this year on a writing sabbatical funded 
by the Canada Council. Nowlan’s latest 
book of poems is “Between Tears and 
Laughter’ and has received excellent re- 
views across the country. He was awarded 
the Governor General’s Award for his eari- 
ier poetry in “Bread, Wine and Salt” and 
“The Mysterious Naked Man’”’. 


On Sunday October 22, at 3:30 p.m. 
Scarborough Coilege will resume its tra- 
ditional series of Sunday Afternoon Con- 
certs with a performance by the Chamber 
Players of Toronto. Victor Martin will 
conduct works by Bocherini, Vivaldi and 
Glick. Christopher Weait, the principal 
bassoonist with the Toronto Symphony 
Orchestra, is featured in the Fasch Bas- 
soon Concerto. 

This is the first of nine concerts of 
our Fall series, which will include an op- 
era by Purcell (October 29). a recital by 
the renowned German harpsichordist Fran- 
zpeter Goebels, performances of Christmas 
Music by the Canadian Chamber Orchestra 
(December 10) and the Scarborough Cha- 
mber Choir (December 17) and a variety 
of chamber groups and soloists. 



Number 9 

By H.C. Corben 

From September 17th through Sept- 
ember 25th, several hundred physicists 
gathered at the International Centre for 
Theoretical Physics at Trieste to celebrate 
Professor P.A.M. Dirac’s seventieth birth- 
day, and to join in a symposium on ‘‘The 
Development of the Physicist’s Concept 
of Nature’. In a paper called ‘The 
Quantum Theory of the Electron, 1” 
Dirac’s historic equation of quantum mec- 
hanics was communicated to the Royal 
Society of London on January 2, 1928. 
In the preceding two or three years 
Heisenberg and Schrodinger, with the help 
of others, including Dirac, had founded 
and developed the principles of quantum 
mechanics, and in this paper Dirac showed 
how the new quantum theory could be 
united with the twenty-year-old theory 
of relativity into what has turned out to 
be the most accurate physical theory ever 
conceived. Since that time nothing so 
basic as a central truth of physics has 
been uncovered. Chemistry, engineering 
and philosophy have also been widely 
affected by the knowledge, technology 
and ideas arising from the principles of 
quantum mechanics, and even the funda- 
mental biological process of DNA repli- 
cation may be partially controlled by 
effects than can be described only by the 
quantum theory of the electron. 


October 27, 

ring the conference, unsolved pro- 
blems in many areas of physics were 

reviewed, with one eye to the history 
and the other to the future. Dirac told 
us that further progress will not be ach- 
ieved until we ‘“‘give up our prejudices” 
while admitting that none of us knows 
what these are. The search for basic 
laws has now moved from the electron to 
the atomic nucleus and its constituent 
particles. We do not know if understand- 
ing at this level will require a modification 

of some essential parts of the theories of 
relativity and quantum mechanics them- 
selves, or whether, as we are attempting 
to do at Scarborough, we should learn 
how to improve on Dirac’s forty-five- 
year-old synthesis of the two theories 
without changing either one. 

In 1922, as in 1972, basic physics 
was a host of half-correct notions and 
partially explained facts, but during the 
next decade it all came together with 
the theory of the electron. We believe 
that a similar understanding of the other 
elementary particles will be achieved but 
we are unable to predict when it will be. 


On Friday, October 20 there was 
an enrolment of 2187 full-time students 
and 1125 part-time students in 1438 full- 
course equivalents. 


Astronomy AQ3Y is a course de- 
signed to acquaint students majoring in 
the Social Sciences or in Humanities with 
a branch of science that is becoming 
increasingly more important in their lives. 

The course begins by describing the | 

early advances of Astronomy and _ its 
impact on the thinking of the people of 
the times. In this respect, Professor M.E. 
Irwin (Classics) spends a number of lectures 
outlining the contributions of the Romans 
and Greeks and the effects of astronomy 
on their philosophy and daily lives. Prof- 
essor P.P. Kronberg (Astronomy) then 
relates the subsequent developments in 
the concepts of the universe and the 
relationship of these ideas to the conditions 
of the times: the connections between the 
Renaissance and Copernican Revolution , 
the discoveries of Galileo, the laws of 
Kepler and Newton. 

At the end of the course some lect- 
ures are devoted to exploring the various 
interrelations between current technology 
and both space and ground-based experi- 
ments. Some possible economic and pol- 
itical consequences of the space >effort 
are discussed. (For example, Professor 
Tayyeb gave a lecture last year on the 
implications of space explorations from 
the viewpoint of a political geographer). 
This is a topic of relatively recent interest 
in which a number of journal articles have 
been written, and to which new university 
faculties in some western countries have 
addressed their efforts. (An example is 
the School for Liberal Studies in Science 
at University of Manchester, England). 

Interest in this course is significant: 
there are approximately 80 students enr- 
olled this year and there were 70 students 
last year, the first time the course was 

by Karen Henderson 

The British Open University is a U.K. 
government experiment in higher educat- 
ion. Now in its third year, it offers the 
means by which “‘everyman’”’ can obtain a 
university education on a part-time basis. 
The courses consist of home study, supple- 
mented by visits to a tutor. These tutors 
are located in universities (in towns where 
there is a university) and at designated 
places in other towns. The science 
student also gets a chance to spend a 
week in the summer at a university in 
a real lab situation. 

The home study programme consists 
of watching T.V. tapes, listening to radio 
programmes, reading lessons and com- 
pleting assignments (which are mailed into 
regional centres for assessment) and, in 
the case of science courses, performing 
experiments with mini-home laboratory 
kits. The cost to the student is nominal. 

We have on display in Studio 3 of 
the T.V. wing a collection of British 
University items that pertain to the Science 
Foundation Course (a fundamental course 
in chemistry, physics, biology and geog- 
raphy) - films, audiotapes, books, and the 
home laboratory kit. Come and have a 
look at them, anytime between 9:00 - 
5:00 for the next week or so. 


Thurs. Sept. 28 — Vic. 3, Scar. 0; Tues. 
Oct. 3 — P.H.E. 2, Scar. 1; Thurs. Oct. 
5 — St. Mikes ‘‘A”’? 3, Scar. 2; Thurs. Oct. 
12 — Erin. 3, Scar. 2. 


Thurs. Oct. 5 — Trin. 0, Scar. 9; Fri. Oct. 
13 — Meds. 31, Scar. 0. 



November 1 to 30 Ulysses & Finnegans Wake at Scarborough i ee 

by Bill Somerville 

Television or films can be a good 
substitute if you cannot attend a class 
in person due to sudden illness, car prob- 
lems etc. The IMC has a large variety of 
pre-recorded programs on a great number 
of subjects. By calling the office before 
5:00 p.m., we can, quite often, suggest a 
program and play it to your class in your 
absence. This service is particularly useful 
for evening classes, where often the stu- 
dent has come out to the College for a 
single class, only to learn by a note on the 
blackboard *‘class cancelled’’. How frust- 

An introduction could be pre-record- 
ed outlining or assigning specific details 
to observe in the following program etc. 
The assembled package could be kept in 
the library in case of emergency. 

For programs and playbacks, call 
Norma Mulgrave (Ms.), extension 3242. 


The IMC at Scarborough College has 
just acquired a very portable Television 
Camera (7 x 12”) and Videotape Re- 
corder (22” x 18’’). It is now possible to 
record a lecture or seminar without dis- 
turbing the class with lights, large tripods 
and cameras, technicians etc. One person 
can do the complete recording! In fact, 
one of your own students could operate 
the equipment once it has been set up. 

If you are interested in self-evaluation 
or would just like to ‘“‘see yourself as 
others see you”. give me a call. Bill 
Somerville, extension 3232. 


In order to be included in Friday’s 
issue, contributions to the Bulletin should 
be sent by Tuesday, 5:00 p.m. ( of that 
week) to M. Bradshaw, Assistant to the 


PROFESSOR SPARROW is one of a group 
of ten geographers across Canada studying 
the careers of geography graduates over 
the past twelve years. The Canadian 
Association of Geographers Careers com- 
mittee is chaired by Romain Paquette of 
the University of Sherbrooke and Prof- 
essor Sparrow in one of Ontario’s three 
committee members — the other members 
being Professor R.G. Cecil of the Univ- 
ersity of Western Ontario and Professor 
F. Helleiner of Trent University. 

The committee is studying the past 
employment situation using a question- 
naire survey which has brought responses 
from over 1700 graduates (of whom over 
60 per cent came from Ontario). The 
Committee will publish its findings early 
in 1973 it is hoped. Preliminary results 
were discussed last week at the ACFAS 
meeting in Ottawa. A continuation of 
the project will investigate the potential 
market for geographers in both traditional 
and “‘hew”’ fields of employment for the 
next ten years. 

address at the fall convocation of Ryerson 
Polytechnical Institute on October 21. 
His talk was titled ‘The Search for 


FRI. OCT. 27 — Hockey (Women), at 

Centennial, 1:00 p.m. Scarborough vs 

Rugger, Main Campus, 1:15 p.m. Scar- 
borough vs Engineering I. 

Room S-128, 3:30 p.m. Professor J.D. 
King will speak on “Spectroscopy or 
What Physics is all about”. Coffee and 

cakes are available at 3:00 p.m. in the 
Faculty Lounge. All are welcome. 

Soccer, at Scarborough, 4:00 p.m., Scar- 
borough vs School of Physical Education. 

End of Murray Exhibit. 

SUN. OCT. 29 — Scarborough College, 
Meeting Place, 3:30 p.m. The Unisingers, 
Staging of Henry Purcell’s Dido and 
Aeneas. Accompanied by the Anamark 
Quartet and the University of Toronto 
Contemporary Dancers. Conductor: Ter- 
ence Seaman. 

MON. OCT. 30 — Lacrosse at Hart House 
9:00 p.m. Scarborough vs Physical Health 
Education ‘‘C’’. 

Volleyball (men) at Hart House, 9:30 p.m. 
Scarborough vs Pharmacy. 

TUES. OCT. 31 — Room H-309, 3:00 
p.m. Dr. T.F. Carney, Professor of Hist- 
ory at the University of Manitoba, will 
give a lecture entitled Economics in Ant- 
iquity: Which Model? All are welcome. 

Soccer, Main Campus, 3:00 p.m. Scar- 
borough vs St. Mike’s. 

Volleyball (women) at Ryerson, 7:00 
p-m. Scarborough vs Ryerson. 

WED. NOV. 1 — Football, downtown 
(east), 3:00 p.m. Scarborough vs University 

Volleyball (women), Ryerson, 6:30 p.m. 
Scarborough vs Trinity 

Hockey (men) [, at Varsity, 9:30 p.m. 
Scarborough vs Dentistry. 

FRI. NOV. 3 — Soccer, at Scarborough, 
3:00 p.m., Scarborough vs Erindale. 

Hockey (men) II, at Varsity, 3:45 p.m. 
Scarborough vs Law II. 



On October 20 and 21, the McMaster 
Association for Eighteenth Century Studies 
held its first sumposium of the year with 
“City life in the eighteenth century” as 
its theme. It is a pity that this symposium 
was so poorly attended by members of 
the U. of T. Faculty, considering that this 
University is so well endowed with re- 
sources (both people and books) precisely 

in this domain. (I did not meet a single | 

U. of T. type, although many colleagues 
from Western, Queen’s,,and American un- 
iversities attended). 

The program was rich and varied, 
ranging from ‘‘Piranesi’ impressions of 
Rome” on the one hand, enhanced by an 
exhibition of his prints in the University’s 
art gallery, to the economic history of 
Madrid in the eighteenth century on the 
other, with somewhere in between a paper 
on Samuel Johnson’s (and London’s) bath- 
room habits, a most fundamental expose 
by Professor James Clifford of Columbia 
President of the American Society for Eight- 

eenth Century Studies. 

Perhaps the high point of the sym- 
posium came with the performance by the 
Czech String Quartet of a Mozart and a 
Beethoven quartet in the Hall of the 
Faculty Club, a fine setting for chamber 


Number 10 


1 November 3, 1972 


: Bian 3 
ay el ek Se 

, 7} Ye y . R Y i d 
bet ieee | 44 z 5 
~—.: -From-the oregoing it must be obvious 

that the stress falls on the interdisciplinary 
nature of the Association and its prog- 
rammes, capable of appealing to a broad 
section of the academic community. Any- 
one who is unaware of the work of this 
organization so close to home and who 
wishes to be enlightened is invited to call 

Peter Moes 


PHLB65F is hosting a reading of 
Plato’s Symposium Friday night, Novem- 
ber 24. There is room for a few guests, 
and anyone who would like to attend is 
invited to drop a note to Paul Gooch 
within this week. If you would like to 
take part in the actual reading, please add 
that to your note . 


For those who are interested in part- 
icipating in the Printing Workshop, there 
will be an informal meeting at 12:00 noon 
on Tuesday, November 7 in the alcove of 
the Meeting Place. 

oy L. Tarshis 

Instant History - by which I mean 
writing about developments before the dust 
has settled - has its perils: I suppose that is 
why professional historians even when 
they offer something labelled “modern” 
rarely come much closer to now than the 
end of the First Great War. Economists 
cannot afford that luxury; since they have 
to suggest policies for here and now, they 
are often required to appraise developments 
up to no more than a few micro-seconds 

Thus, with certain forebodings let me 
write a bit of history, several decades too 
soon. An important contributor to the 
economic expansion and quite general im- 
provement in the material well-being of 
residents of the ‘‘developed’’ economies of 
the West were the International Monetary 
Institutions which came into being with 
the implementation of the Bretton Woods 
Agreement soon after 1945. From then 
until mid-1971, trade amongst these coun- 
tries expanded a good deal faster than did 
production, as obstacles to this trade were 
gradually lowered. There was at least as 
rapid a growth in international capital 
movements which, believe it or not, also 
contributed to this general growth in ec- 
onomic well-being. And though the mech- 
anism creaked badly from time to time - 
balance of payments woes, exchange rate 
crises, gold drains, and so on - it neverthe- 
less provided enough stability and expec- 
tations of continued stability to lubricate 
the system adequately. 

By August 1971 the whole system 
was in a State of collapse - partly battered 
down by French and German unreadiness 
to accept its full implications and partly 
destroyed by a drive toward protectionism 
engineered by U.S. interests operating thro- 
ugh the Treasury Secretary of the time. 
In my judgement, these efforts were mis- 
_placed; all countries (Canada not least) 

have already been injured by this dest- . 

ruction and the prospects are for still more 
difficulties in the months ahead. The 
situation is the more serious because those 
who were party to the destruction of the 

old system had nothing ready to put in | 

its place. 

That they were unready has not, 
naturally, stopped them from strong ex- 
pressions of confidence with each very 
minor step taken towards the development 
of a new system. President Nixon, always 

prompt to eulogize anything done officially 

during his own term of office, characterized 
the Smithsonian Agreement signed at the 
beginning of 1972 as ‘‘Perhaps the most 
significant agreement in this field ever....” 
Its terms were breached within three mon- 
ths. And several months later before the 
International Monetary Fund President 
Nixon proclaimed the need for a thorough- 
going revision; the French and Germans, 
agreed as to this need for drastic action but 
naturally disagreed with each other (and 
U.S. and almost everyone else) as to the 
nature of the actions required. It is now 
recognized rather broadly that the world - 
(this means, the advanced countries of the 
West) - is no more than at the beginning of 
the beginning in formulating a new system. 

There can be no question as to the 
importance of these issues. Just as the 
discarded mechansim made a substantial 
positive contribution to economic well- 
being, so too would an inadequate mech- 
anism be likely to injure the material 
interests of very many people. 

{t is too early at this stage to state 
whether what is finally evolved will be 
helpful or not. But two things are clear: 
until something like a new set of 



institutions becomes operational, we can i. 

expect a succession of mini-crises, with 
occasionally a real explosion in internat- 
ional money markets. Such developments 

-are bound to hurt all the economies of the 


. “‘West’’, and particularly the less developed | 

ones. Secondly, up to now, the schemes 
that I have read about seem to be very well 
designed to cope with the kind of problem 
arose during the 1930’s and 1950’s. I am 
not at all satisfied that any of them would 
help materially for the 1970’s. The real 
tragedy of the last 18 months, is that the 
mechanisms that were so brutally scrapped 
beginning in the spring of 1971, were 
evolving so that they could have made real 

The matters I have focused on here are 
decidedly technical and very important. 
They are too technical to be left to Central 
Bankers, whose expertise lied elsewhere; 
they are too important to permit us the 
luxury of allowing the decisions we take 
to be influenced by political considerations 
or by reference to the interests of particular 
groups. Unfortunately, that implies pess- 
imism, at least to me. 


During this year I hope to help es- 
tablish music as part of the cultural atmo- 
sphere of Scarborough College and thus 
make it a more exciting place for you, the 
student. I hope that all interested students 
will feel free to call upon me (my office is 
HS07A) to discuss any ideas or questions. 

I will shortly be organizing the group 
for the Advancement of Music at Scar- 
borough for students interested in the per- 
formance of music, the listening experience 
or the promotion of one of the great 
creative achievements of mankind. I part- 
icularly urge any students interested in 
forming chamber music groups to call upon 
me for help in their organization. 

I will also be presenting several lect- 
ure-concerts both by myself and with guest 

artists. These will be open to students and 

faculty . 

There is a real lesson to be learned . 

To the faculty, I invite you to ask me 
to visit any class where the subject of 
music may arise. Such classes can, of 
course, range from philosophy to physics. 
Please phone 3146 or 3304 to arrange a 

by Specks Tator 

It was a bad week: the Argos lost 
and the Special Meeting of College Council 
to consider Long-Term Curricular Proposals 
was a farce (following hard on the comm- 
edia dell’arte of General Policy last Wed- 
nesday ). 

After a frustrating twenty minutes 
waiting for a quorum to assemble itself, 
Mr. Blair convened Council to listen to the 
proposals of the Curriculum Committee, 
the “‘notorious author” of the report being 
Mr. Arthur Sheps. 

Mr. Biair inquired into the relationship 
between these deliverations and those of 
the Presidential Advisory Committee to 
consider the New Programme. Professor 
Salus, obese chairman of the Humanities 
Division, proceeded to inscrutably obscure 
the points in the Report. Professor Forrin 
was unreasonably unclear as to the meaning 
of practically everything and most people 
found Mr. Forrin unclear as well. 

There was much discussion of “‘re- 
quirements” and “freedom”. Professor 
Lee produced a poor metaphor concerning 
the filling of students with. knowledge like 
wineskins. He was in favour of freedom 
and responsibility. Others were in favour 
of requirements and responsibility. Mem- 
bers of council began to leave. 

After nearly two hours it was brought 
to Mr. Blair’s attention that there was no 
quorum present. The game was called for 
lack of interest. 

A tedious time was had by very few. 


FRI. NOV. 3 — Room H214, 12:10 p.m. 
Professor Philip Wagner from Dept. of 
Geography, Simon Fraser U., will give a 
lecture on “‘Concepts of Environment - 
space and place”. All are welcome. 

Soccer, at Scarborough, 3:00 p.m. Scar. 
vs. Erin. 

Hockey (men) II, at Varsity, 3:45 p.m. 
Scar. vs Law II 

SUN. NOV. 5 — Meeting Place, 3:30 p.m. 
Franzpeter Goebels in Recital: a program 
of music, old and new for the harpsichord. 

MON. NOV. 6 — Faculty Lounge, 4:00 
p-m. Ray MacLaren, a Vice-President of 
Massey-Ferguson Ltd., will speak about 
the multi-national corporation. All are 

Volleyball (men) at Hart House, 8:30 p.m. 
Scar. vs Law 

TUES. NOV. 7 — Room S-128, 1:00 p.m. 
Dr. David Schindler, Research Scientist in 
charge of Experimental Lakes (Eutrophi- 
cation) Project, Freshwater Institute, Can- 
ada Centre for Inland Waters, Winnipeg, 
Manitoba, presents ‘“‘An Experimental Whole 
System Approach to Limnology”. 

Basketball (women) Benson Bldg. 7:00 
p-m. Scar. vs Eng. 

Hockey (men) I, Varisty Arena, 7:30 p.m. 
Scar. vs U.C. 

Basketball (women) Benson Bldg. 8:00 
p.m. Scar. vs Meds I 

Hockey (men) II, Varsity Arena, 8:30 p.m. 
Scar. vs Music 

WED. NOV 8 — Soccer, Downtown, 1:00 
p.m. Scar. vs Eng. 

Council Chamber, 4:10 p.m. General Pol- 
icy Meeting. 

Hockey (men) III, Varsity Arena, 4:30 p.m. 
Scar. vs. Vic. 

Lacrosse at Hart House, 7:30 p.m. Sea 
vs Dents. 

THURS. NOV. 9 — Salle S-143,4 15 heures 
et 4 17 heures, Un film de Lelouch, 
Un Homme et une Femme (1966) avec 
Anouk Aimé sera présenté en francais. 
Bienvenue’ 4 tous. 

Rugger, at Scarborough, 4:00 p.m. Scar. 
vs P.H.E. 

FRI. NOV. 10 — Hockey (women) Cent- 
ennial Arena, 1:00 p.m., Scar. vs Trent. 

Faculty Lounge, 3:00 p.m. Faculty “Beer 
In”. $.50 per person. 

Hockey (men) I, at Varsity, 8:00 p.m. 
Scar. vs Meds A. C 


The IMC at Scarborough College, on 
Tuesday October 24th, in Studio 1, re- 
corded another two programmes in the 
series “Contemporary Canadian Writers”. 
In the first, the poet Alden Nowlan in 
conversation with Glen Ellis, talked about 
the genesis of his poetry, his work today 
and directions in which his poetry is 
moving. He read several poems including 
The Married Man’s Poem, X-ray, The Mys- 
terious Naked Man, Playground, Fair Warn- 
ing and He Grows In Understanding. After 
the reading, Mr. Nowlan and Mr. Ellis 
discussed a number of poems. 

The second is an interesting dialogue 
between Miss Brewster and a Scarborough 
College Student. John Argiropoulos ang, 
Miss Brewster discussed her development 
and influences through a reading of her 
poetry from various periods 


Number 11 it 


In mid-October the Government of 
Canada called a seminar at Mont Gabriel 
near Montreal to receive recommendations 
from representatives of industry, govern- 
ment and academia in regard to scientific 
activities in northern Canada. Among the 
invitees was Dr. Karl E. Francis from the 
Department of Geography and Scarbo- 
rough College, who was sponsored by the 
Indian Brotherhood of the Northwest 
Territories. One of the recommendations 
put forward by Dr. Francis, that there be 
an immediate program to determine the 
actuai and perceived land use and occu- 
pance of the native people of the North- 
west Territories, was advanced by the 
Seminar and submitted to the Govern- 
ment as a matter of great urgency. 

Continuing research on Jand use and 
occupance in northern Canada under the 
supervision of Dr. Francis has established 
the feasibility of an extended program of 
research under the general management 
of the native organizations of the North- 
west Territories. A peculiar but essential 
component of this work is the involve- 
ment of non-professional staff in the 
design and conduct of the research. A 
carefully selected professional staff works 
under the direction of local persons hold- 

ing traditional stature in their communities . 

The project involves few southern people 
and then largely in technical rather than 
managerial capacities. 




November 10, 1972 

This work has the strong support of 
the industrial sector because it is viewed 
as a basis for the settlement of land use 
conflicts and the establishment of political 
stability in the north. 

Among other recommendations put 
forward at Mont Gabriel by Dr. Francis 
was that there be a good deal less 
research on the northethan there is at 
present, that all social science research be 
on invitation of the people of the north, 
that the wisdom of northern people be 
heard in matters of research and of policy, 
and operations in order to better evai- 
uate the effect of these intrusions on 
northern life. 

Dr. Francis also spoke in support of 
a proposal by Paul Robinson of the 
Government of Northwest Territories that 
the results of the seminar be made known 
throughcut the north and expanded that 
proposal to suggest that a mechanism be 
set up by which the people could respond 
to the plans in store for them. 


We would like to remind faculty 
members that reading lists for spring 
courses should be sent to Collection 
Development before December Ist, 1972. 

by W.J. Bancroft 

In Sofia, Bulgaria, at the Research 
Institute of Suggestology headed by Dr. 
George Lozanov, yoga techniques of re- 
laxation have been combined with the 
Mauget oral method and traditional app- 
roaches to produce a unique system for 
the teaching of foreign languages. Dr. 
Lozanov is a medical doctor, parapsycho- 
logist and language theorist. His coll- 
eagues, who are experts in foreign lang- 
uage teaching, have elaborated the pract- 
ical aspects of the method, cailed Suggest- 
opedia. (Suggestopedia is one of a 
number of teaching methods based on 
relaxation currently being developed in 
Eastern Europe; the Soviet version is 
called Relaxopedia). Languages taught at 
the Institute include: French, English, 
German and Italian. 

Suggestopedia requires no_ special 
apparatus. In a pleasant classroom, with 
soft lighting, twelve students sit in com- 
fortable, specially constructed chairs in 
front of a teacher who has been individually 
trained in the foreign language and in 
“suggestion”. (““Suggestion” includes psy- 
shology and the dramatic arts and enables 
the teacher to elicit by word and gesture 
the maximum response from each student 
and from the group as a whole). Classes 
last from three to feur hours per day and 
meet six days a week. Each of the three 
courses in a given foreign language lasts a 
month. During the initial course, students 
are required to memorize 3,000 word- 
groups and corresponding grammar. 

A class session consists, essentially, 
of three parts: (a) review of previously 
learned material; (b) presentation of new 
material in the form of dialogues and 
situations based on “real life’’; (c) the 
so-called “‘séance”’ during which the stu- 
dents relax in their chairs and breathe 
deeply. During the ‘‘séance’’, the new 
material is reinforced by techniques re- 

sembling those of the television comm- 
ercial: coordination of sound and image; 
different intonations and rhythms in the 
repetition of the word or phrase; a back- 
ground of calm, pleasant music; the acting 
out of the text. 

Dr. Lozanov and his colleagues have 
found that their system speeds up the 
assimilation of a foreign language and 
that, because of the “relaxation” session, 
students feel little or no fatigue after a 

four-hour class. Vocabulary and grammar 
are “absorbed” without the intense effort 
normally required for memorization. Stu- 
dents are able to converse easily and can 
apparently recall their verbal knowledge 
on tests administered up to a year after a 
given session. 

Dr. Lozanov came to Scarborough 
College in March, 1971, to discuss the 
work of his Institute. His method is being 
researched in Moscow as well as in East 
Berlin and Budapest. Rumour has it 
that the Canadian government is actively 
investigating the Lozanov method. and 
that Dr. Lozanov may be coming to 
Canada next March for a return visit. 

Professor Bancroft was one of those 
responsible for arranging the Lozanov 
visit in 1971. An R.C.M.P. investigation 
followed. She went to Bulgaria for a 
Suggestology Symposium in June, 1971, 
where, among other enterprises, she read 
a paper on Pygmailion and conducted an 
English class in the Institute of Suggest- 
ology for Bulgarian cameras. In August, 
1972, when not in the appropriate lib- 
raries in Paris doing more conventional 
research, she was in Budapest interviewing 
linguists and occultists and trying to 
locate Suggestopedia researchers. As a 
result of this sojourn in Hungary, she 
can now report the existence, not only 
of hypnopedia or sleep-learning, suggest- 
opedia and relaxopedia, but also of a new 
method, “hypnosopedia”, based on hyp- 
nosis. It seems unlikely that the Canadian 
government will investigate the last-named 

~ sculptors 

® society of canada 


Forty-one pieces of sculpture on 
display until November 27. 

Meet the artists on Monday and 
Tuesday the 20th and 21st from 2 until 
6, Wednesday the 22nd from 7:30 until 
9:00 in the Meeting Place alcove. 


The Service Employees Union is 
sponsoring an evening of dancing on 
December 2 from 7 p.m. to midnight. 
The price of admission is $4.50 per 
person (with all proceeds going to the 
Childrens Christmas Party) and includes 
Tony’s famous buffet, dance music sel- 
ected by a popular disc jockey and var- 
ious prizes. There will also be a bar. 

Tickets can be purchased from the 
following bus drivers: George Arthur, 
Jack “Mac” MacDougall, Jim Wainwright 
(284-3272). Everyone is welcome. 

Faculty of Food Sciences 

The Faculty of Food Sciences, U. of 
T., is celebrating its 70th birthday with 
an open house on November 10 and 11 
in the Lillian Massey Bldg., 157 Bloor 
Street West. Of the wide array of displays, 
the following are a few: high protien 
food exhibit, food additives, convenience 
foods, food microbiology, development 
of fibres from 1902-1972, “‘fibres-in- 
crime” exhibit, etc. 


Scarborough College has won a De- 
sign Award, the first such award sponsored 
by the Scarborough Planning Board. The 
presentation will be made at a dinner at 
the Scarborough Golf and Country Club 
on November 16. 


by I.A. MacDonald 

In these days of creeping inflation 
and rising cost-of-living, it is important to 
have a financial security plan which will 
ensure that money is available for family 
needs when required.; A plan should 
include a ready cash account, adequate 
insurance and investments. An alternat- 
ive to the traditional bank or trust com- 
pany, is your credit union where you are 
not a customer, but a member-shareholder. 
Your credit union offers you the same 
professional money management, plus. If 
you are not already a member, speak to 
one of the College representatives of the 
University of Toronto Employees Credit 
Union Limited: Mrs. May Logsden, 3271; 
Mr. I.A. MacDonald, 3131; Mrs. A. 
McCullough, 3302. 


p.m. Faculty “Beer In’, $.50 per person. 

SUN. NOV. 12 — Meeting Place, 3:30 
p.m. Canadian Wind Consort. Serenades 
and Marches for Oboes, Horns and Bassoon 
with Christopher Weait, Eugene Rittish 
and Melvin Berman. World Premiere of 
a commissioned work by Keith Bissell. 
(Other works by Handel, J.C. Bach, 
C.P.E. Bach). 

WED. NOV. 15 — Room S-319, 3:30 
p.m. Dr. Ian Sussex Department of 
Biology, Yale University, New Haven, 
Connecticut, presents “Bean Embryo De- 
velopment, Biochemical and Cytological 


Lawrence House was born in Toronto, 

Canada. Following studies with Robert 
Nagel, Carmine Caruso, Bulent Arel, Mel 
Powell, Gunther Schuller and Darius Mil- 
haud, he has had a varied musical career 
as a professional trumpeter ,most notably 
as a soloist and chamber music player 
where he has more than twenty first per- 
formances to his credit in both the United 
States and Canada. Composers who have 
written works especially for him include 
Murray Adaskin, Frank Bennett, Steven 
Gilbert and Timothy Sullivan. Mr. House 
is also active as a composer (member of 
CAPAC), as weil as a popular lecturer and 

10 — Faculty Lounge, 3:00 

FIR. NOV. 10 — Hockey (women) Cent- 

ennial Arena, 1:00 p.m., Scar. vs Trent. @ 

Hockey (men) I, at Varsity, 8:00 p.m. 
Scar. vs Meds A. 

MON. NOV. 13 — Basketball (women) at 
Glendon, 7:00 p.m. Scar. vs Glendon. 

WED. NOV. 15 — Hockey (men) I. at 
Varsity, 7:30 p.m. Scar. vs New I. 

Hockey (men) II, at Varsity, 8:30 p.m. 
Scar. vs Knox 

THURS. NOV. 16 — Volleyball (men) at 
Hart House, 8:00 p.m. Scar. vs Eng II. 

FRI. NOV. 17 — Hockey (women) at 
Cornell U. Scar. vs Cornell U. (Tourna- 


MON. OCT. 30 — Volleyball (men) 
Scar. vs Pharm., 15 to 12 and 15 to 8. 
Lacrosse, Scar. vs PHE‘‘C’’, 5 to 1. 

TUES. OCT. 31 — Soccer, Scar. vs St. 
Mikes, 2 to 1. 

WED. NOV. 1 — Football, Scar. vs U.C. 
6 to 20. Hockey, (men) I, Scar. vs Dents., 
2 to 4. 

FRI. NOV. 3 — Hockey (men) II, Sear. 
vs Law, 0 to 2. 

MON. NOY. 6 — Soccer, Scar. vs Erin., 
2 to 2. Volleyball (men) Scar. vs Law.., 
15 to 13 and 16 to 14. 


Number 12 — 


by C. Sparling 

The talk by Dr. D. Schindler ‘“‘An 
experimental whole ecosystem approach 
to limnolgoy” on November 7th was the 
first in a series of talks by distinguished 
visiting scientists planned by the Life 
Science Division of Scarborough College. 
Dr. Schindler is project leader of the 
Eutrophication Section of the Freshwater 
Research Institute at Winnipeg, established 
by the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 
in response to the report of the Inter- 
national Joint Commission (December 
1965), which recommended studies on 
sources and nature of pollutants in lakes 
and on means of solving the pollution 

Eutrophication of lakes is now a 
familiar problem in all parts of the world. 
It may be defined as “nutrient poilution” 
and is the biological response caused by 
massive inputs of man derived nutrients 
to lakes. The objectionable aspects include 
the appearance of massive growths of 
algae, deoxygenation and other changes 
which lower the water quality for resource 
and recreational use. 

Instead of relying on laboratory ex- 
periments and long term observational 
field studies, the FRB selected a series 
of remote lakes near Kenora, Ontario and 
began artifical nutrient addition experi- 
ments, eg., one lake was regularily dosed 
with known amounts of phosphate and 

nitrate. Within a year, a typical eutrophic’ 


RES November 17, 1972 
¥ 4 

lake resulted, with pea-soup coloured 
water, thick with algae. 

Other experiments have provided 
evidence that phosphorus derived from 
phosphate rich detergents is the chief 
substance responsible for the observed 
eutrophication of our lakes. Naturally, 
detergent companies prefer an alternative 
theory, and, supported by a handful of 
scientists this group claims that organic 
matter in sewage is primarily to blame. 
Utilization of this organic matter by 
bacteria releases carbon dioxide which 
stimulates growth of algae. This “‘carbon”’ 
theory of eutrophication has been dis- 
credited by Dr. Schindler’s group. Using 
a sophisticated radon technique it was 
demonstrated that carbon dioxide invasion 
from the atmosphere into the lake is 
sufficient to support large populations of 
algae, provided phosphorus and nitrogen 
were abundent. Without these two essen- 
tial enrichments, addition of organic mat- 
ter (sucrose was used in one of the lakes) 
alone did not result in eturophication of 
the lake. 

Another very significant finding is 
that a lake disturbed by artificial per- 
iodic nutrient enrichment returns to its 
original condition if the process is dis- 
continued. Eutrophication is therefore 
reversible, at least in the early stages. 
Steps to divert sewage from lakes or 
strip it of nutrients can be expected to 
result in rapid improvement of water 


The article below was presented to 
College Council by eight students on 
November 1 and argues against structured 
programmes of courses. The article fol- 
lowing it, entitled ““Humbug’”’ is Professor 
Patenall’s criticism of the students’ pro- 


While it is probably a good idea to 
encourage students to choose a cohesive 
and recognizable program, to have such 
an idea made manditory would be detri- 
menfal to the best interests of the college. 
Not only would such a move prove dis- 
criminatory, but it would also give the 
college the “‘factory-assembly-line” image 
as is now possessed by the community 

This college should not be career 
oriented, education and regimentation are 
not and should not be syominous. By all 
means we should encourage those indivi- 
duais who know their future, who have 
chosen their life’s course, for they are 
rare indeed. However, we must also 
accomadate the traditional “liberal arts” 
student, that individual who choose to 
invest three or four years of his life, not 
in some specific telescopically focused 
program, but rather, in a general pursuit 
of knowledge and culture. Those are 
mainstays of our society, such that stu- 
dents graduate, not as a specialist in this 
or that, but as a human being who knows 
a little more about his world, in short, a 
renaissance man. 


The document put to Council on 
1 November concerning Specialist Prog- 
rammes and signed by the President and 
seven other members of the Student’s 
Council cannot pass unchallenged. I 
should say at once that I can comfortably 
overlook the crass illiteracy of the doc- 
ument - an inability to spell, a shattering 
ignorance of the basic principles of Mod- 
ern English syntax, a failure to sustain 
even rudimentary logical coherence, and 
a plethora of non sequiturs and vacuous 
rhetorical postures: (“This college should 
not be career oriented, education and 
regimentation are not and should not 
be syominous.’’) But I refuse to overlook 
some of the glib and arrogant assumptions 
that lurk behind the fabric of the paper. 

The first concerns Community Col- 
leges: The colleges are apparently endowed 
with a “‘factory-assembly-line” image that, 
we are told, the college must strive to 
avoid. Having taught in a College of 
Applied Arts and Technology in the 
United Kingdom, and having in the past 
four years come into fairly close contact 
with Toronto’s Community Colleges | 
feel qualified to object to this sneering 
and easy slur in the strongest terms. 
The authors’ vanity in this matter seems 
to embrace the old canard that as “‘univer- 
sity material’ university students are both 
qualitively superior to, and qualified to 
heap contempt on those who elect voc- 
ational training. I had thought that this 
evaluation of community colleges existed 
only in the minds of a few. usually 
elderly, bigots who, like withered apples, 
linger on in the Faculty of Arts and 
Science. For such a remark to appear 




over the signature of among others, the 
President of our Student Council is (sigh! ) 
ominous. Apart from the practicability 
and desirability of vocational training - 
which I hope is beyond question - I 
sincerely suspect that at this time these 
Community Colleges are doing a better 
job of vocational training than we in the 
universities are doing of intellectual train- 

This brings me to the second issue: 
the paper defends the liberal arts student 
as the true “Rennaissance Man”, which 
is a gallant but futile attempt to make a 
very silk purse out of a very sow’s ear. 
This struck me keenly when, in a late 
afternoon seminar (Rennaissance literature, 
no less) on the day following the Council 
meeting, one of the signatories of the 
document strolled into the class twenty- 
five minutes late, evidently the worse for 
drink, stinking like a brewery, and 
carrying a foam cup of beer. Presumably, 
our new Rennaissance Man of Scarborough 
College feels that illiteracy can be gilded 
with liquor and make him in some mys- 
terious way more “complete”. I would 
remind the authors of this appropriately 
yellow document that the legendary Ren- 
naissance Man was not simply a good 
time guy who studiously avoided learning 
much about anything - known as keeping 
an open mind by the liberal arts student; 
instead, this mythical creature combined 
such antique virtues as courtesy, humility, 
and industry - qualities which for a variety 
of reasons I would sooner find in Comm- 
unity Colleges than in Scarborough Col- 
lege. This Rennaissance Man could be 
and often was a specialist who while laying 
the first bricks of a new science would 
have the wit and compassion to relate 
his subject to other fields of human 

enquiry. To reject structured courses of 
academic pursuit on the grounds that they 
would compromise one’s ignorance, one’s 
development as a Rennaissance idiot, is a 
piece of drivelling anti-intellectuality. The 
Student Council paper may be termed, 
legally, “‘an indignity offered to the dead”’: 
to Turner the botanist, to Harvey the 
doctor, to Napier the arithmetician and 
even to Harold Innis of Toronto, who 
provided a model to which the generalist 
could do worse than aspire. 

Andrew J.G. Patenall 

by Specks Tator 

Well! Last week’s meeting was 
certainly a change! Just imagine: Prof. 
Salus in a necktie, a lovely floral rose- 
coloured affair. And right beside him, 
Mike Manford in a shirt of almost the 
same adorable hue! Just gorgeous, simply 

Our bearded chairman of General 
Policy was resplendent in a suit, and not 
even the motley garb of other members 
of the committee besmirched the lustre 
of the occasion. It was really grand. 

There was discussion of a great many 
things. I’m sure that most of them were 
of real importance, but, my dears, what 
can one say about the text of the 
brochure produced by Messrs. Lee, Moray 
and Corbett, or about the dismal state 
of the budget when surrounded by sar- 
torial splendour. 

A good time was had by all. 


ed a lecture entitled “Oil and Economics 
in the Middle East” to the Conference on 
the Middle East - Background for Teachers, 
organized by the Division of University 
Extension and the Department of Islamic 
Studies, on November 11th, 1972. 

(Mathematics, Scarborough) and H.S.M. 
COXETER (Mathematics, Main Campus) 
will be appearing on a CBC programme 
called ‘‘Ideas’”, on Monday, November 
20 at 10:03 p.m. on CBL FM. They will 
be discussing “Symmetry in Mathematics’. 



TUES. NOV. 21 — Hockey (men) I, at 
Varsity, 7:30 p.m. Scar. ws Trin. A. 

THURS. NOV. 23 — Hockey (men) I, at 
Varsity, 5:30 p.m. Scar. vs Grad A. 

Hockey (men) III, at Varsity, 9:30 p.m. 
Scar. vs Indust. Til. 

FRI. NOV. 24 — Basketball (women) at 
Glendon, 2:00 p.m. Scar. vs Glendon. 

Basketball (men) at Hart House, 4:00 p.m. 
Scar. vs U.C. II. 


Students, staff and faculty are re- 
minded that lunch and dinner dishes 
should be deposited on the racks provided. 
Please do not leave soiled dishes in offices, 
student lounges or the Faculty Lounge. 


SUN. NOV 19 — Meeting Place, 3:30 
p-m. Concord Singers. Music Director: 
Peter McCoppin. Madrigals by Purcell 
and Morley. Other works by Byrd, Pale- 
strina, Stravinsky and Nysted, also J.S. 
Bach’s “‘Lobet den Herrn’’. 

MON. NOV. 20 — Faculty Club, 8:15 
p-m. University Women’s Club of Scar- 
borough. Panel of declared candidates. 
“Community Activists: Good or Bad”. 

WED. NOV. 22 — S-632, 3:10 p.m. | 
There will be a seminar on the major 

infiuential mocgern American poet Ezra 

Pound, who died this month. Professors 
W.C. Kirkham, S. Namjoshi and J.R. 

Warden will speak. There will be time. 
for questions and discussion. Students 
and faculty are welcome. 

Council Chamber, 4:10 p.m. General 
Policy Meeting. 

FRI. NOV. 24 — H-216, 11:00 a.m. 
Physical Sciences Seminar. Professor 
R.C. Roeder: “The Universe: What 
Do We Really Know About It’. Everyone 
is welcome. 

Durham College Lecture Theatre, 8:00 
p-m. Admission $1.00. Kay Sigurjonsson, 
a well known commentator and TV per- 

sonality, presents a commentary “Con- €— 

cerns for Canadian Women’’. 



Number 13 


by Machado d’Assis (1839-1908), Brazil 
Condensed by P. Leén with apologies to 
the author. 

“The last guest has left. Our modest 
little dinner is over. And so, my fine 
young gentleman, you have reached your 
twenty-first birthday. It was twenty-one 
years ago you first saw the light, on the 
fifth of August, 1854, a puny little 
nothing; and now, you are a man, with an 
enormous moustache, and love affairs...” 

“Aw papa....” 

“Don’t pretend to be modest. Let 
us speak frankly and seriously man to 
man. Close that door. I have some 
important things to say to you. Sit 
down. Let’s talk.” 

“Twenty-one years of age, some 
stocks and bonds, a college degree: you 
can enter parliament, get a judgeship, go 
into the newspaper business, farming, 
industry, commerce, letters, the arts.. 
An infinite number of careers are open 
to you. 

No calling, in my opinion, is mere 
useful, more generally acceptable, than 
that of stuffed shirt. To be a stuffed 
shirt was the dream of my youth. I 
lacked, however, a father’s guidance; and 
[ end up as you see, with no other conso- 
lation or moral eminence than the hopes 
I deposit in you. Listen carefully, my 
boy, to what I say, and lay it to heart. 

‘Gravity is a mysterious carriage of 
the body,’ defines the decorum of the 

stuffed shirt. Do not confuse this gravity 

00, may be present in the outer aspect, is 
a mere reflection or emanation of the 
mind. The gravity I have reference to 
is of the body, only of the body - a 
natural oddity or an acquired knack. 

Once entered on this career you 
must exercise great caution in the choice 
of ideas you nourish in respect to others, 
and to yourself. The best thing will be 
not to have any. 

You, my son, if ’'m not mistaken, 
are endowed with the perfect mental 
inadequacy so necessary to the practice 
of this noble calling. 

I refer to the correct and precise 
gesture with which you draw yourself to 
your full height and frankly express your 
feelings in respect to the cut of a vest, 
the dimensions of a hat, the squeaking or 
silence of a pair of shoes. Here we have 
an eloquent symptom, here is something 
to pin one’s hopes on. 

You must throw yourself into a 
systematic course of mind enfeeblement, 
read textbooks of rhetoric, listen to 
certain speeches, et cetera. Gin rummy, 
dominoes, and whist are approved rem- 
edies. Whist also possesses the rare advan- 
tage cf schooling one to silence, and 
silence is circumspection in its most 
marked form. I do not say the same of 
swimming, horseback riding, and gymnas- 
tics, although it is true they keep the 
brain inactive. But, for that very reason, 
they rest it and restore its lost strength 
and power. The game of billiards is 
excellent.” Canta 

“How so, if it, too, is a bodily 
exercise? ”’ 

“TJ don’t say it isn’t, but there are 
things in which actual observation disproves 
theory. If, by way of exception, I 
prescribe billiards, it is because the most 
scrupulously exact statistics shows that 
three fourths of the devotees of the cue 
share the opinions of the same cue. A 
walk along the street, especially on streets 
given over to fashionable amusement and 
parade is most beneficial provided you 
don’t go unaccompanied, because solitude 
is a factory for ideas, and the mind, left 
to itself, even in the midst of a crowd, 
will take on a certain amount of activity. 

Bookshops, either because of the 
atmosphere of the place, or for some 
other reason that eludes me, are not 
suited to our purpose. And yet there is 
great advantage in going into them from 
time to time. I don’t mean stealthily, 
but openly, publicy. You can get around 
the difficulty in a simple manner: go 
there to talk about the rumor of the day, 
the story of the week, a shady deal, a 
scandal, a comet, anything - whenever you 
do not prefer to question directly the 
constant readers of Time Magazine’s glor- 
ious columns. Seventy-five per cent of 
these estimable gentlemen will give you 
verbatim the same opinions, and such 
monontony is eminently salutary. By 
following this regimen for eight, ten, eigh- 
teen months, say even two years, you 
will reduce your intellect, no matter how 
capacious it was to start with, to sobriety, 
control, and a well-tempered vulgarity. 
I do not touch upon vocabulary because 
it is really included under the heading 
‘ideas’. Naturally it must be simple, 
colourless, thin - there must be no dashes 
of crimson, no trumpet blasts..... 

Yet, better than all this, which, in 
the long run, is nothing but trimming, 
are the stock phrases, the conventional 
expressions, the formulas consecrated by 

the years, incrusted on individual and 
public memory. Such phrases have the 
advantage of not obligating others to a 
needless effort. I won’t recite them all 
now; Ill make a list of them for you later. 
Besides, the career of stuffed shirt itself 
will gradually teach you the elements of 
this difficult art of thinking what has 
been thought. 

The same goes for all the recent 
scientific terminology: you should get 
it by heart. Although the distinguishing 
characteristic of the stuffed shirt is a 
certain attitude of God Terminus, and_- 
the sciences on the other hand 
are a product of human push and 
bustle, still, since you are to be a stuffed 
shirt later on, it is best to adopt the 
weapons of your generation. Because one 
of two things will happen: either they 
will be worn out and common property 
thirty years from now, or they will re- 
main shiny new. In the first instance 
they will rightfully belong to you as the 
natural prerogative of a stuffed shirt; in 
the second, you can wear them with a 
dapper air to show that ‘you too are a 
painter.’ From scraps of hearsay and 
random talk you will eventually pick up a 
vague notion of the cases and phenomena 
all this terminology fits, because the 
method of getting information directly 
from scientific experts and professors in 
their books, studies, and notes, besides 
being tedious, involves the danger of 
inoculating you with new ideas, and is 
basically wrong.” 

“TI must confess, sir, what you pres- 
cribe is not at all easy.” 

“That’s just what I’ve been telling 
you. It is difficult, it consumes time, 
much time, it takes years, patience, toil... 
and happy are they who reach the pro- 
mised land and enter its paradise! ” 

“And this whole career, in your 
opinion, is nothing more than a kind of 
reserve against the deficits of life? ” 



“That’s right. It is extra. No other 
activity is debarred you.” 

“Not even politics? ” 

“Not even politics. It is only a 
question of abiding by certain essential 
rules and performing certain simple duties. 
You can belong to any party you please, 
liberal or conservative, republican or ultra- 
montane, the only condition being that 
you do not link any special idea to those 
terms, and that you recognize in the one 
you choose merely the usefulness of the 
Biblical shibboleth. 

Only, you must never make use of 
irony, that vague movement at‘the corner 
of the mouth, that thing of mystery, 
invented by some decadent Greek, caught 
by Lucian, passed on to Swift and Voltaire, 
a trait befitting skeptics and men of 
enlightenment. No....rather the vulgar 
story! Use our good old vulgar story 

- our friendly, smutty, fat-witted. frankly 

vulgar story - that has no veils or false 
modesty, that hits you full in the face 
loud as a slap with the open hand, that 
makes the blood leap in a man’s veins 
and breaks his suspenders with laughing. 
Yes, use the vulgar story. What’s that? ” 


“Midnight? You are entering your 
twenty-second year, my fine gentleman. 
You are of age. Let’s go to bed, it’s late. 
Think over what I have told you, my boy. 
All things considered, this conversation of 
tonight is worth every bit as much as 
Machiavelli’s Prince. Let’s go to bed.” 


Anyone that wants to read their 

poetry or listen to other people reading 
theirs, should come to the H-308 staircase 
at 1 o’clock on Wednesday, November 29. 


The next meeting of the Scarborough 
College Wine Club will be on Friday 
evening, December 1. Activities include 
wine tasting, wine making, and possibly 
a short talk by an expert on wines. 
It should be pointed out that members 
receive discounts on wine-making supplies. 
Those interested in joining shouid call 
Vince di Norcia (3145) or Tom Tidwell 
(3225). All are welcome. 


The Service Employees Union is 
sponsoring an evening of dancing on 
December 2 from 7 p.m. to midnight. 
The price of admission is $4.50 per 
person (with all proceeds going to the 
Childrens Christmas Party) and includes 
Tony’s famous buffet, dance music sel- 
ected by a popular disc jockey and var- 
ious prizes. There will also be a bar. 

Tickets can be purchased from the 
following bus drivers: George Arthur, 
Jack “Mac” MacDougall, Jim Wainwright 
(284-3272). Everyone is welcome. 


The Annual Christmas dance will 
be held on Saturday, December 16, 1972 
in the main cafeteria, 8:00 p.m. to 12:00 
p-m. Tickets are available at $4.50 each 
from Sam Smit, Room S-112, (3260). 
Everyone is welcome. 


Graphics and Photography have re- 
opened in the new wing. 

Access via the second floor tunnel 
past the old Graphics Department. 


FRI. NOV. 24 — H-216, 11:00 a.m. 
Physical Sciences Seminar. Professor R. 
C. Roeder: “The Universe: What Do 
We Really Know About [t”. Everyone 
is welcome. 

Durham College Lecture Theatre, 8:00 
p.m. Admission $1.00 Kay Sigurjonsson, 
a well known commentator and TV per- 
sonality presents a commentary “Concerns 
for Canadian Women”. 

SUN. NOV. 26 — Meeting Place, 3:30 
p.m. Norma Lewicki Tetreau (Soprano), 
Frank Tetreau (Piano) In Recital. Arias 
by Handel, songs by Brahms and Britten. 
Haydn Sonata and works by Lizst. 

Hart House, 8:00 p.m. Sunday Evening 
Concert. An evening of Robert and Clara 
Schumann. Kathryn Root, Pianist, and 
Barry MacGregor, Narrator. 

TUES. NOY. 28 and WED. NOY. 29 — 
(ne cf the best known editors and critics 
of Canadian Literature and a considerable 
post in his own right, Professor A.J.M. 
Smith, will be visiting the College. He 
will read some of his poems and talk 
about them on Tuesday, in the Council 
Chamber at 1:00 p.m. Professor Smith 
is the editor of The Oxford Book of 
Canadian Poetry, The Book of Canadian 
Prose, Masks oj Fiction, and Masks of 
Prose. He aiso edited (with F.R. Scott) 
The Blasted Pine and contributed some 
disrespectful verse to it. His first volume 
of poems, News of the Phoenix in 1943 
did much to stimulate the modern deve- 
lopment of Canadian poetry. 

THURS. NOV. 30 — Salle H-309 4 16 
heures, un film de Truffaut, Jules et Jim, 
sera présenté en francais. Bienvenue 4 

Council Chamber, 11:00 a.m., Professor 
Luciano Rebay, of Columbia University 
will be speaking on “Alberto Moravia - 
From Indifference to Attention’’. 


Those who are interested in attending 
the Sunday evening concerts at Hart 
House (held every 3 or 4 weeks) may 
obtain free tickets from Mrs. Brennan, 
S-421A or phone 3266. 


MON. NOV. 27 — Hockey (men) I, at 
Varsity, 7:30 p.m. Scar. vs P.H.E. A. 

Basketball (women) at Trent U. 8:00 p.m. 
Scar. vs Trent. 

Basketball (men) at Hart House, 9:00 p.m. 
Scar. vs Trinity A. 

THURS. NOV. 30 — Hockey (men) II at 
Varsity, 4:30 p.m. Scar. vs U.C. Il. 

Volleyball (men) at Hart House, 8:00 
p.m. Scar. vs For.A. 

FRI. DEC. 1 — Hockey (women) at 
Varsity, 8:00 a.m. Scar. vs POTS. 


Proverbs from the East 

There are three things that cannot 
be retrieved: the arrow once sped from 
the bow, the decision made in haste and 
the missed opportunity. 

Now that it is gone, does it matter 
whether a cow ate it or not? 

Number 14 


There is no question that male and 
female humans differ anatomically, mor- 
phologically, and hormonally. The ques- 
tion about allocation of roles resides in 
whether or not the sum of the biological 
differences is an imperative proscribing 
behaviours. In his recent book, Tiger 
joins those who would see biological 
differences as just this kind of imperative, 
and he argues that human behaviours then, 
are genetically programmed and cont- 
inucus with our forebears. But this is 
simply not so. While there is a tendency 
in higher monkeys and apes, for male 
‘cohorts’ and female ‘assemblies’, there is 
a stronger attachment between the sexes. 
Indeed, non-human primate societies, at 
this phylogenetic level, must be viewed 
as a complicated interwoven network. 
Futhermore, data from primates show 
that the only role that is biologically 
fixed is that 5 progenitor and progentrix. 
All others seem to be socially determined. 

Whether or not it is the male who rears 
the offspring, as is the case in at least 3 
species, or the female, as in a great many 
others, seems to be a social fact, not a 
biological one. Whether or not it is the 
male who leads troop movements, or 
determines them, or the female who 

Boe ahd 

Pi ecember 1, 1972 

occupies the role, is again a social con- 
vention. This social attribution of task 
is so regular a pattern that it is impossible 
to posit continuity for behaviour from 
non-human to human even without ac- 
knowledging the quintessence of human 
evolution - the fact of culture. For 
curiously enough, despite the reality of 
biology, culture can obviate its influence. 

Humans, are after all, the only animals 
who may be hungry, but will not eat, 
who may be exhausted and will not sieep, 
because other demands are seen as having 
priority. The differences between human 
male and female roies are real, but cuit- 
urally so. Each culture designates certain 
tasks according to an inherent cultural 
logic. That these tasks are then rational- 
ized as being biologically appropriate, 
does not, however, obscure that fact that 
they are culturally, not biologicaliy derived. 

Frances D. Burton 


This is the last regular issue of the 
Bulletin for this term. Next week’s issue 
will be devoted completely to the new 
building; it will provide general inform- 
ation and simplified drawings of the flocr 


Four years ago, Scarborough College 
initiated a programme of secondary school 
liaison, which has met with reasonable 
success and which has since been dup- 
licated by several other colleges. The 
purpose of the programme is not only to 
attract increasing numbers of first year 
students, but to attract academically- 
superior students who have a real choice 
to make. This is achieved by providing 
university-calibre students with first-hand 
experience of College life. 

All Scarborough secondary schcols, 
and many schools in surrounding town- 
ships, North York and Toronto are in- 
vited: to participate. Each is invited to 
send interested students from both Year 
4 ang Year 5, to the College for two 
days. The visiting students then attend 
lectures and laboratories, meet faculty 
and students and generally participate in 
ncrmal social life of the College. They 
are aided by student guides and members 
ci the Associate Dean and Registrar’s 
Cffice who help acquaint them with the 
College. During the afternoon of the 
second day, the high school students 
participate in a short talk-session with 
interested faculty and students. This 
provides them with an opportunity to ask 
questions and to discuss university in 
general and Scarborough Coilege in part- 
icular. The visitors are quite free to 
spend their time as they wish; every 
effort is made to keep their visit as in- 
formal and unstructured as possible. 

The reaction from the high school 
students is quite enthusiastic. They wel- 
come the opportunity to attend lectures 
and to absorb the College atmosphere. 

They comment most often on the warmth 
and friendliness of all they meet, and 
particularly on the willingness of faculty 
to speak with them. In the light of the 
hard-sell approach they have received 
from other universities, they find this 
most refreshing. 

In addition to administering this 
programme, members of the Office of the 
Associate Dean and Registrar often visit 
area high schools to speak with the stu- 
dents there, and to invite them to the 
College. Guidance personnel from the 
high schools are invited to spend an 
informal afternoon at the College in in- 
dividual groups and the response to these 
invitations has also been extremely en- 

Janet Scott 

by W.J. Kirkness 

Fifty years ago, in the course of 
discussions between the Roya! College of 
Dental Surgeons and the University of 
Toronto, the University decided that the 
financial situation did not permit the 
establishment of a dental faculty in ‘“‘the 
foreseeable future”. History as recorded 
by D.W. Guilett in his History of Dent- 
istry (1971), records that the proposed 
integration took place five years later, a 
period coinciding with the Hare Comm- 
ittee’s definition of “the foreseeabie fut- 


ure . 

Something to think about! 


drawings by 


Scarborough College, University of Toronto, 
December 4 to January 12. 1973 

by David Onley — 

In the Bulletin of November 17, Mr. 
Patenall offered some opinions regarding 
a Student Council paper submitted at the 
College Council meeting of November Ist. 
The meeting was held to discuss import- 
ant aspects of Curricular development at 

To place his comments in perspect- 
ive, some key points are needed. 

1.The Student Council paper was 
designed not to outline a position, 
but to stimulate debate. [t ac- 
complished this purpose. 

2. Mr. Patenall submitted no paper, 
no position, no ideas about Curri- 
cular development despite being a 
former Registrar at Scarborough. 

3. Ail Student Council members el- 
ected to the College Council atten- 
ded the meeting. 

4.Mr. Patenall’s absence from the 
meeting was notable. His experi- 
ence in this area would have made 
a significant contribution to the 

It is unfortunate that a Professor of 
English weil versed in the art of criticism 
should completely mistake the intent of 
the paper and thereby present a critique 
based on an incorrect premise. Because 
of this, and despite its obvious entertain- 
ment value, Mr. Patenall’s essay can be 
given no move than a D*. 


SUN. DEC. 3 — Meeting Place, 3:30 p.m. 
Telemann Quartet 

Sandra Watts - Oboe 

Emily Rizner — Finte 

Nancy Antonacci - Piano 

Margaret Weait - Cello 

Chamber Music from the Baroque and 
Medern Exvas. 

WED. DEC. 6 — 4:10 p.m. General Policy 
meeting in the Council Chamber. 

SUN. DEC. 10 — Meeting Place, 3:30 p.m. 
Canadian Chamber Orchestra. Conductor: 

Waiter Babiak. A program of orchestral 
music to suit the season. 

SUN. DEC. 17 — Meeting Place, 3:30 p.m. 

Scarborough Chamber Choir. Director: 
Garth Allen. A program of choral music 
for Christmas time. 


TUES. DEC. 5 — Hockey (men) II at © 

Varsity, 4:30 p.m. Scar. vs P.H.E. “‘C’’. 

WED. DEC. 6 — Hockey (men) II at 
Varsity, 5:30 p.m. Scar. vs Arch. 

Basketball (men) at Hart House, 9:30 
p-m. Scar. vs St. Mike’s “B”’. 

FRI. DEC. 8 — Hockey (men) I, at Var- 
sity, 7:00 p.m. Scar. vs Vic. I 


MON. NOV. 20 — Hockey (women) Phar. 
0, Scar. 12 

TUES. NOV. 21 — Hockey (men) II, 
Grad. 2, Scar. 3. 
Hockey (men) III, Ind. 3, Scar. 4. 

FRI. NOV. 24 — Basketball (men) U.C. 
65, Scar. 40 

Basketball (women) Glendon 30, Scar. 7. 

MON. NOV. 27 — Basketball (men) Trin. 
50, Scar. 48. 
Hockey (men) I, P.H.E. 2, Scar. 1. 


Access to Graphics & Photography 
Department via the second floor tunnel, 
will require front door key. 



December 8, 1972 

Number 15 
gaa nt case seeaN eT aan 
1 ee pRARHUGH \} 
i SUB mw th Richie i} 
; } 4 Vv a 1 
‘| 1% hy > \ tt 


In the next academic term, the new 
building should be occupied and funct- 
ioning. To assist members of the College 
in finding their way about, this issue of 
the Bulletin contains simplified drawings 
of the floor plans. You may also be 
interested tc know that this new area 
contains the following: 


57 facuity offices 

24 seminar rooms, of which 4 
contain only carpeting and has- 

a new graphics area 

a Fine Arts studio 

offices for teaching assistants 
in the Divisions cf Humanities 
and Sociai Sciences and for the 
Physical Sciences Group 
student study space 

physical education and recrea- 
tional facilities. 




Because more seminar rooms are 
now available, some rooms will be freed 
for other uses: (i) H-211 and S-357 (the 
portable) will cease to be used as a class- 
rooms (ii) S-223B will become the 
French discipline room (iii) S-223C will 
become the undergraduate calculator room 
freeing S-162 (presently housing the cal- 
culators) to become the chemistry dis- 
cipline room. 

However contrary to an earlier ann- 
ouncement, there will be no change in the 
present postal facilities until the end of 
this academic year; alse, students will not 
be moved into the new lockers at this 
time. And the keys that will be issued 
will be temporary for the permanent 
locks have not yet been delivered. 

In spite of these minor inconven- 
iences, we hope you will enjoy the new 




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Number 16 

by John Corbett 

Some degree of self-obsession has 
become characteristic of western man. 
Most often it assumes the form of self- 

justification; are the “‘western democracies” 

more free than their ““communist”’ neigh- 
bours? Does “progress” give us a moral 
or material lead over the “developing” 
countries? Is western society on the 
brink of a great physical or moral collapse 
and ultimate extinction? These quest- 

ions are more easily asked than answered. 

‘Fortunately self-obsession sometimes leads 
to critical self-analysis; great advances 
have been made recently in our under- 
standing of how western society works. 
Now we can meaningfully ask, I believe, 
“What is characteristic (unique? ? ) about 
western man and the world which he has 

Everyone realizes, of course, that 
the modern world-view of western man 
has been largely conditioned by the Chris- 
tian ideology which we have inherited 
from the Middle Ages - a package of per- 
ceptions and values which comes to us 
from a time when the Christian world- 
view was the only one for western man. 
In case this seems irrelevant in the modern 
secular world we should remember that 
many scholars (Harvey Cox for instance) 
“Ysee the “‘secular city” as the fulfilment 
not the negation of Christian ideals and 
aspirations. And, of course, it has long 
been recognized that the social ferment 
of the Protestant Reformation in Europe 
is intimately associated with the world 

i (me wee de: January 12,1973 

which has emerged from the Industrial 
Revolution’ ~ (R-H. Tawney Religion & 
the Rise of Capitalism is a classic work 
on the subject). This being so, it is 
scarcely surprising that modern social phil- 
osophers or cultural historians, when exa- 
mining the characteristic structure of the 
western world, are especially concerned 
with our belief system or ideology. Herbert 
Marcuse finds our world locked in a 
deadly struggle between the reality prin- 
ciple and the pleasure principle; the battle- 
field, he tells us, is within our minds; the 
war is being waged between the individual 
and his repressive society which, however, 
exists only or chiefly as a set of beliefs 
programmed into his mind by his culture 
from birth - in short an “internalized 

ideology”. (Eros & Civilization, One- 

Dimensional Man) Norman O. Brown 
takes this struggle further back into the 

past - he sees history itself and the west- 
ern historical concern as manifestations 
of a serious spiritual sickness or psychop- 
athology in our society. (Life against 
Death; the Psychoanalytical Meaning of 
History). Again George Steiner sees west- 
ern society as literally a relization of “hell 
on earth”’ - after our successful destruction 
of heaven (In Bluebeard’s Castle; Some 
Notes towards the Redefinition of Cult- 

It seems to me that these men, des- 
pite some unavoidable errors or personal 
idiosyncrasies, are basically on the right. 
track. But I also believe that they have 
not for the most part taken their enquiry 
sufficiently far back into the wesiern 
past (an exception is Wayland Young: his 

Eros Denied is an attempt to survey the 
growth of sexual repression in the western 
world, down to our own times). If the psy- 
cho-social structure of our modern western 
world is intimately involved with our 
heritage of Christian ideology, is it not 
logical to carry our enquiry into origins 
and development back into the ancient 
Mediterranean world which was, after all, 
the birthplace of the Christian West? 
Some questions come to mind immed- 
iately - what characteristics of modern 
society can be associated with the various 
Mediterranean cultures among our ancest- 
ors? To what extent do Greeks or Jews 
or Romans resemble modern western man? 
Not much - it may seem; but the question 
is surely worth pursuing. Next week I 
shall suggest some directions in which 
that pursuit might go. 


A booklet on day care facilities has 
been compiled and copies are available in 
S-407 (reception desk to the Office of 
the Principal). The booklet contains the 
following information: general regulat- 
ions, suggestions on how to choose a 
nursery or day care centre and specific 
information on facilities available in east- 
ern Toronto. 

There is also available in S-407 a 
booklet on the nursery schools in Toronto. 


(The following are excerpts from an 
article by Professor V.W. Bladen which 
appeared in the Globe and Mail, Dec- 
ember 12, 1972). 

First, let me state my priorities: and 
in this I hark back to Keynes’s Tract on 
Monetary Reform (1923). Inflation is 
bad: but unemployment is worse. There- 
fore the first objective in order of priority 
must be to reduce unemployment to a 
tolerable level, certainly no higher than 
3 per cent. Continuing high-level un- 
employment is inhumane and wasteful. 

I therefore believe any talk of trade- 
off between unemployment and inflation 
is wrong, foolish and immoral. We must 
conquer unemployment and not use it as 
a tool to conquer inflation. 

But we must then as our second 
objective seek means to avoid inflation, or 
at least to reduce the rate of inflation 
below, say, 2 per cent a year; and if we 
fail we must take immediate steps to 
compensate those on whom the rise in the 
cost of living imposes real hardship. Not 
to do so would be as inhumane as the 

deliberate intensification of unemployment. 

We have given too little thought to 
inflation-control by other means than by 
restriction of credit, reduction of prod- 
uction and increased unemployment. Be- 
cause we have given it so little thought 
many have concluded that income and 
price-control is the only solution. Having 
experienced such control in war, I am not 
prepared to accept this except as a last re- 


To stimulate the search for a solution 
to the problem of raising employment and 
weakening inflation, rather than to pre- 
tefAi to confidence in my own ability to 
find one, I propose the following four- 
point program. 

First: an immediate provision of 
funds for public expenditure and of in- 
centives to greater private investment. 

I suggest as one line of expenditure 
—of great importance to itself and high in 
the priorities of the people - a war against 
pollution. I propose public expenditure 
on sewage systems and on all kinds of 
measures to clean up our waters. And I 
propose generous subsidies to private 
industry to enable firms to reduce noxious 
waste by such changes in their technology 
as may be needed. 

This is but one area of expenditure: 
I afn trying only to stimulate the search 
for such desirable projects; I do not pre- 
tend to provide a total plan. I would, 
however, urge a substantial increase in 
Government expenditure on research and 

Second: I propose a reduction of 
tax rates - particularly of the highly re- 
gressive sales tax - to a level which would 

provide for a balance budget at, say, 3 
per cent unemployment. 

Third: I propose that we use fiscal 
rather than administrative means for re- 
ducing the threat of inflation. I make a 
specific proposal to stimulate the search 
for better fiscal devices, rather than to 
argue with confidence that this one would 
Bcpicre the desired result. 


I propose a refundable tax on the 
amount by which the income of any 
Canadian in any year, say 1973, exceeds 
his income of the previous year plus 
X=y per cent of that income. The x per 
cent should be based on a conservative 
estimate of the general increase in prod- 
uctivity, since increases in income matched 
by increases in productivity cannot be 
inflationary. The y per cent should be 
the percentage by which the cost of living 
has increased in the year, so that real 
incomes shall have increased by the x per 
cent justified by increased productivity. 

I realize there are great administrative 
difficulties, particularly for payroll deduc- 
tion, and I recognize the necessity of pro- 
viding specially for those whose incomes 
rise because they are doing more work: 
the unemployed who find work, the part- 
time workers who become full-time. 

I proposed this refundable tax in 1970 
to fight inflation: at that time I was 
complacent about an unemployment rate 
running about 5 per cent. I believe that I 
was wrong, not in proposing this anti- 
inflation measure, but in not joining with 
it, as I now do, a program of expansion of 
employment and production. 

Finally, I propose measures to miti- 
gate the harm done by any inflation which 
develops in spite of my taxation measure 
(or in spite of whatever other measures 
are used). 

So the theme is: (1) reduce unem- 
ployment: (2) try to avoid inflation: 
(3) if we fail in (2) let us “learn to live 
with inflation.” 


who last term was a visiting AUCC fellow 
from Sheffield University has been ap- 
pointed to be Vice-Chancellor of Exeter 

gave a talk entitled, “A preliminary syn- 
thesis of the late Quaternary pollen strati- 
graphy of the Western Interior of Canada” 
on Wednesday, December 13, 1972 to the 
Quaternary Discussion Group at the Un- 
iversity of Waterloo. 

PROFESSOR R.C. ROEDER, (Astronomy ) 
gave a talk entitled “Studying Quasars 
and Cosmology at Kitt Astronomical Soc- 
iety of Canada on Friday, November 17, 

lish) presented a paper entitled ‘The 
Question of Laura Riding and Robert 
Graves” at the Conference of the Modern 
Languages Association, in New York, on 
December 27, 1972. 


Mon. - Thurs. 8:45 a.m. - 10:30 p.m.* 
Fri. 8:45 a.m.- 5:00 p.m. 
Sat. 10:00 a.m.- 5:00 p.m. 
Sun. 1:00 a.m. — 5:00 p.m. 

* The library doors will be closed at 
10:30 p.m. on Monday, Tuesday, Wednes- 
day and Thursday evenings during the 
Spring term. 

For general information call Circul- 
ation (284-3246) or Reference (284-3183) 


MON. JAN. 15 — Faculty Club, 8:15 p.m. 
University Women’s Club of Scarborough. 
Mr. John Sime, Director, Three Schools, 
“The Knots of Art Education’’. 

THURS. JAN. 18 — Meeting Place. 10:30 
a.m. to 5:00 p.m. “Stockholm and After” 
10:30 a.m. - Opening remarks. D.R. 
Campbell, Principal 
10:45 a.m. - The U.N. Conference 
on the Human Environment at Stock- 
1:30 p.m. - Discussion of various 
4:00 p.m. - Two films. Room S-319 
The Changing Environment of Tor- 
onto and The Wolves. 

Concurrent with the discussion there will 
be an exhibit of the Stockholm Conference 
material, documents, reports, newspapers, 
magazines, posters.etc., in the ante-cham- 
ber of the Meeting Place. 


MON. JAN. 15 — Hockey (women) at 
Varsity, 8:00 a.m. Scar. vs Eng. 

Basketball (women) at Trent, 8:00 p.m. 
Scar. vs Trent. 




Number 17 


(PART If) 

by John Corbett 

Last week I suggested that the char- 
acteristic features of Western Society are 
seen by some scholars as the outcome of 
the (Christian) ideology which we have 
inherited; I also asked whether those fea- 
tures could be recognized in the societies 
of the ancient Mediterranean world. Let 
me now suggest the direction in which I 
believe some answers to that question 
may be found. 

We recognize that all the societies or 
socio-political forms of the ancient Med- 
iterranean world were pre-industrial; that 
is, they were organized in ways quite 
different from modern western industrial 
states with their advanced technology (there 
is, however, a striking similarity to some 
less ““developed” societies in the modern 
“Third world’). In _ classifying these 
societies and studying their development 
the ancient historian is much indebted to 
the anthropologist; we can easily recognize 
many varieties of tribal organization of 
which the classic city-state is probably 
simply the most highly developed form. 
But there were also in the Ancient Med- 
iterranean world some imperial states; 
these pre-industrial Empires, of which 


ve ie “aga 5% January 19, 1973 


eRomen is Sotor ‘Our’ va Flee probably the 
most important, do show many points of 
resemblance to the modern western world: 
their military and legal structures fore- 
shadow much of the complex social or- 
ganization characteristic of our world. 
There are also other less obvious but 
perhaps more important similarities; stu- 
dents of Latin Literature easily recognize 
the Roman obsession with moral decadence 
and failure as an ancestor of many modern 
anxieties. The Romans believed that they 
had a “‘civilizing role” or “mission” which 
justified their conquest and exploitation 
of more backward states; and they had 
made great strides in “religious history” - 
the propagandistic re-interpretation of the 
past as a justification for the present. (A 
brilliant student of the Aztec world has, 
interestingly enough found the same fea- 
tures in that society — H. Padden The 
Hummingbird and the Hawk.) These are 
both features of the western world-view. 
But, before the advent of Christianity, 
the Roman world had not, unlike the 
Aztecs, advanced to the second stage of 
imperial evolution. It had not become an 
ideologically based society in which orth- 
odox belief is compelled by institution- 
alized authority and heresy is severely 
repressed. The characteristic features of 
later western history were yet to come, 
antisemitism and the crusades, religious 
wars and the burning of witches; features 
which have their modern equivalents in 

Fascism and Auschwitz, napalm and the 
“cold war”. In the Roman world external 
submission was sufficient; the later Christ- 
ian West requires orthodoxy or mental 
conformity, just as the Aztec Humming- 
bird god demanded the acknowledgement 
of his superiority from his grateful sub- 
jects. We can recognize some of the more 
unpleasant aspects of an_ ideologically 
based society more readily in the Aztec 
world than in our own. Nevertheless, 
honest scholarship requires a critical re- 
visionist view of our own past. Norman 
Cohn has set a high standard for this 
study with his work on some millenial 
movements in the Middle Ages - it is 
“must” reading for anyone with an interest 
in the subject (N. Cohn Pursuit of the 
Millenium). But much more remains to 
be done. 


A booklet on day care facilities has 
been compiled and copies are available in 
S-407 (reception desk to the Office of 
the Principal). The booklet contains the 
following information: general regulat- 
ions, suggestions on how to choose a 
nursery or day care centre and specific 
information on facilities available in east- 
ern Toronto. 

There is also available in S-407 a 
booklet on the nursery schools in Toronto. 


The following is a condensed version 
of the University of Toronto submission 
to AUCC. 


i. Academic - Women represent about 
fifteen percent of the academic staff; 
this fraction is expected to increase with 
the advent of more qualified female appli- 
cants. Advertisements for academic pos- 
itions make no mention of the sex of the 

li. Non-academic - No mention is 
made of sex of applicant in advertise- 
ments; however, traditional female jobs 
are lower paying than jobs for men and 
efforts are being made to change this 


i. Academic - Men and women pay 
and receive the same compensation bene- 
fits depending on salary. 

ii. Non-academic - The situation is 
the same for non-academic staff except 
that women are given maternity leave and 
guaranteed their jobs upon returning. 


i. Academic - Although women usu- 
ally start at lower ranks than their male 
counterparts generally explained by a 
lack of experience and/or educational 
requirements, there is equal opportunity 
for male and female academics to pro- 
gress through the ranks based solely on 
academic ability. 

ii. Non-academic - Training is pro- 
vided on an equal basis for men and © 
women depending solely on administra- 
tive or mechanical ability. 



i. Academic - In the past, male 
academics have tended to be promoted 
faster and granted tenure quicker than 
their female counterparts. It is University 
policy now that academic promotion be 
solely on merit. 

ii. Non-academic - There is no dis- 
crimination, although, few women advance 
from traditional female jobs (secretary) 
to administrative jobs. This trend is now 


i. Academic - In some faculties (law, 
medicine) men have traditionally been the 
administrators; in others (nursing, library 
science) women have been the adminis- 
trators. In most departments, women have 
an equal chance to progress, all other 
factors being equal. 

ii. Non-academic - University policy 
is that promotion is based on merit 
regardless of the sex of the applicant. 


i. Academic - There is no discri- 
mination in application or granting of 


i. Academic - Women are paid less. 
Efforts at all levels of the University are 
being made to correct this inequality. 

ii. Non-academic - Pay is determined 
by job classification which is based on the 
requirements of the job itself, without 
reference to the sex of the applicant. 
Women in the past have generally had 
lower paying jobs and pay but now all 
jobs are open to women on an equal 
basis to men. 


(The following article appeared in 
the Scarboro Mirror, December 6, 1972). 

Scarboro College students council 
has recommended that all students with- 
hold fees for the second term of the 
current academic year until February 1 — 
15 days after the deadline set by the 

The 15-day withholding is a “sym- 
bolic gesture,” council president Dave 
Onley said. 

“We are not recommending that the 
students withhold their fees any later 
because we do not want to jeopardize 
their academic year,” he said. 

“But we do want to demonstrate to 
the provincial government how many stu- 
dents are disturbed by the fee increase’’. 

Onley called the 15-day withholding 
a responsible move which will hurt no 

one but will indicate how many students 
would withhold their fees indefinitely if 
the need arose. 

The main bone of contention, accor- 
ding to Onley, is that government educa- 
tional officials will not hear the students’ 
side of the issue. He said the students 
are prepared to present to the government 
several alternatives for keeping the educa- 
tion segment of the tax dollar down with- 
out raising university tuition fees. 

The proposed fee strike could be 
cancelled if the government were to come 
out “hard and fast” and say there will be 
no further fee increases in the foreseeable 
future, or if the announcement of further 

. fee hikes were to be made a full academic 

year in advance, Onley said. 

Onley said the government’s decision 
to hike fees contradicts its basic premise 
that a university education should be 
available to anyone who wants it. 


gave a talk entitled “Our Understanding 
of the Universe’> on December 11, 1972 
at the University of Waterloo. On January 
17, 1973 he gave a talk entitled, “Two 
Problems in Cosinology” at McMaster 

Also, he has just received notification 
from NASA that his proposal for use of 
the I.U.E. satellite has been accepted for 
early assignment of time (launch expected 
in 1977). The satellite will be used to 
look for Lyceand CIV 1549 in the spectra 
of some bright, low-redshift quasars and 
like objects. 

PROFESSOR P. SALUS (Chairman of 
Humanities Division) has been appointed 
to the Curriculum and Standards Sub- 
committee of the Academic Affairs Com- 
mittee (of the Governing Council). 

PROFESSOR P. GOOCH (Philosophy) 
has been appointed to the Planning and 
Resources Subcommittee of the Academic 
Affairs Committee (of the Governing Cou- 

DEAN A. WALKER has been elected 
Vice-Chairman: of the Board of Governors 
of Centennial College for 1973. 


Professor G.S. French has succeeded 
Professor J.E. Hodgetts as President and 
Vice-Chancellor of Victoria University in 
the University of Toronto, effective Jan- 
uary 1, 1973. 


FRI. JAN. 19 — Durham College Lect- 
ure Theatre, 8:00 p.m. Admission $1.00. 
Allan Leal, of the Ontario Law Reform 
Commission, presenting “Law in a Chan- 
ging Society”. 

WED. JAN. 24 — R-3230, 11:00 a.m. 
Professor W. Bunge, of York University 
will give a lecture entitled ““The Geog- 
raphy of Human Survival’. Everyone is 

Room S-319, 4:00 p.m., Dean Steiner — 
of the Faculty of Medicine will be 
speaking to students interested in a med- 
ical career. 


The Writing Lab has moved to 
R-5223. The hours are the same as they 
were last term - Tuesday and Wednesday 
10 - 12, 2 - 4 and Thursday 3 - 7. The 
telephone number is 284-3369. Please 
inform your students of the Lab’s new 
location and encourage those who need 
writing help to take advantage of this 



Number 18 


After two and a half years of plan- 
ning the Scarborough College climatolog- 
ical station opened in October. The first 
three months of recordings have now been 
submitted to the Atmospheric Environ- 
ment Services and will be published in 
due course in the Monthly Records. 

The station is located on the Un- 
iversity’s property to the north west of 
Ellesmere Road in a fenced enclosure. At 
‘the present time readings are made daily 
at 9:00 a.m. by Fred Schokker. The 
parameters measured include maximum 
and minimum temperature, surface temp- 
erature, precipitation, wind speed and 
direction and relative humidity. In due 
course other instrumentation will be esta- 
blished to measure evaporation, bright 
sunshine and radiation parameters. The 

Tobias? January 26, 1973 

station is used both for teaching and for 
research purposes. 

The planning and organization for 
the station has been carried out by Prof- 
essor Christopher Sparrow and Ken Dewey. 
Most of the clearing and preparation of 
the site was done by the College’s ground 
staff under the supervision of Jack Williard. 
The Atmospheric Environment Service 
provided assistance with the installation 
of some of the instruments. 

It is hoped that the daily climato- 
logical readings from the station together 
with those taken on the St. George 
campus and at the Cold Creek Conserv- 
ation Area and the daily weather charts 
and satellite photos will be displayed in 
the Meeting Place for everyone’s benefit. 


(The following letter, by Professor 
L. Tarshis, appeared in the Globe and 
Mail in response to Professor Bladen’s 

Professor V.W. Bladen’s views des- 
erve the strongest support. 

To create unemployment, as both 
Canada and the United States have done, 
to combat inflation is:like exposing some- 
one with a cold to a rabid dog so as ' to 
guarantee that he won’t succumb to the 
cold. The evidence is pretty strong that 
the combination of policies adopted in 
Canada does little to slow inflation, but 

it does much to throttle economic activity. 

To permit unemployment is to deny 
Canadians the product of their work - in- 
comes that would have been earned and a 
product that could have been produced 
amounting to about $6-billion a year. 
And not only that: it means a gradual 
loss in labor’s skills and a deterioration 
in work morale. Nothing can be said 
for this except that it weakens the econ- 
omy and at the same time it deprives 
people unnecessarily of what they want 
and should have. 

Compared to the losses that are in- 
flicted on us all when the economy 
operates well below its capacity, the costs 
we must bear on account of a moderate 
inflation are minuscule. Essentially they 
involve transfers - what the creditor loses 
in inflation, the debtor gains: what the 
unorganized worker may lose, the empl- 
oyer gains; what the widows and orphans 
whose sole wealth consists in Government 
bonds lose, the taxpayers gain; and so on. 

I do not mean by this to suggest 
that these transfers need not concern us. 
They most certainly should, but they can 
be handled almost costlessly - by raising 

pensions, by issuing purchasing power 
bonds, by seeing to it that certain workers 
are not left out in the cold. (And in any 
event, those who shed tears about what 
inflation does to the unprotected, should 
shed far more of them for workers and 
businessmen whose jobs and profits are 
jeopardized by policies whose predictable 
“other effects” are a decline in economic 
activity below its possible peak). 

No doubt the excuse will be offered 
that Canada cannot go it alone. But that 
argument, if ever it had any validity, 
clearly has none now, Canada’s floating 
exchange rate is designed to permit just 
that - that we can go our own way. And 
if we do not, then why should we not 
choose to fix our rate firmly to the U.S. 
dollar, say, as other countries have done. 
At least, trade would be easier and less 
risky with fixed exchange rates. 

Our present posture - flexible rates 
and still trying to keep in step, price-wise 
at least, with our major trading partners - 
reminds me of the fellow who takes an 
ocean cruise just to experience the pred- 
ictable agonies of seasickness. 



Many universities and community 
colleges across Canada have acknowledged 
the need for a greater focus on things 
Canadian by establishing Canadian Studies 
courses. A general lack of knowledge of 
Canadian culture and the overwhelming 
impact of our neighbours to the south 
through the media of television, print and 
popular forms of entertainment make the 
establishment of such courses essential to 
the continuing existence of a unique and 
independent Canada. 

Scarborough College’s Canadian Stu- 
dies course is being offered for the first 
time this year. It is a first year inter- 



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disciplinary course designed to highlight 
the distinctive characteristics of the Can- 
adian personality from the points of view 
of such disciplines as geography, anthro- 
pology, sociology, history, art, literature, 
economics and political science. Lectures 
are being offered by faculty members at 
Scarborough and from other campuses. 

As well as attending lectures, students 
participate in a smaller tutorial group 
where they may confront the issues in a 
more personal way. Students are also 
encouraged to take other Canadian-con- 
tent courses offered by the various dis- 
ciplines in the College. 

Sixty-five students are enrolled in 
the course. Many of them are motivated 
by a desire to increase their understanding 
of Canada; others are interested in the 
experimental interdisciplinary approach 
to content. Students are working on 
research projects involving such topics as 
sports in Canada, the confrontation of 
Indian and non-Indian cultures, literary 
and geographic regionalism, the use of 
historical data in art and the question of 
French-English relations. 

Because this course is being offered 
for the first time, it is not without its 
difficulties. _ Nevertheless, it offers a 
potentially exciting and personally mean- 
ingful learning experience to staff and 
students who decide to participate. 

Tanya Long 


MON. JAN. 29 — Room H-216, 4:00 to 
6:00 p.m. Students interested in Dent- 
istry are invited to meet Dr. A.B. Hord, 
Assistant Dean for Student Affairs. 

THURS. FEB. 1 — Dans la salle S-309, 
4 15 heures, le film Le Mur (d’ aprés la 
nouvelle de J.P. Sartre) sera presenté. 
Bienvenue 4 tous. 

FRI. FEB. 2 — Faculty Lounge, 3:00 
p.m. Facutly “‘beer-in” (cider and beer 


in conjunction with the Instructional Me- 
dia Centre, just completed a 14-minute 
videotape; entitled ATHENS AND ATH- 
ENA. This program explores the relation- 
ship between Athens and the goddess 
Athena in the Sth Century B.C. 

To view the program, call Miss Mul- 
grave, 284-3232. For information on 
the content, call Professor Irwin, 284- 
oN OF 6) 

PROFESSOR W. ISAJIW (Sociology) pre- 
sented a paper entitled “Definitions of 
Ethnicity” at a conference on the Immi- 
grant Experience in North American spon- 
sored by the Canadian Association for 
American Studies, October 26th, 1972 in 


All staff members and their friends 
are invited to attend the Valentine’s Day 
dance in the main cafeteria on February, 
10. The bar will be open from 7:00 
p.m. till midnight, the buffet dinner will 
start at 7:45 p.m. and dancing will 
last till midnight. Tickets, $4.50 per 
person, are available from Sam Smit 
(room §S-112, phone 3260) or through 
the College mail. 

Those who are planning to attend 
are asked to order their tickets soon. 


The first prize in the 1972-73 Great 
Late West Saxon Grammar Bonspiel in 
English BOLY was won by Miss Valerie 


‘“‘Available June 1973 until Sept- 
ember 1974. Large furnished house down- 
town (Sherbourne and Dundas, close to 
Don'Valley Parkway). Three floors, high 
ceilings, pine floors, full cellar, backyard. 
Recently redecorated, $300.00 per month. 

ISTRY are invited to meet Dr.A.B. Hord, 
Assistant Dean for Student Affairs, on 
Monday, January 29, 4:00 - 6:00 p.m. in 
room H-216. 




Number 19 

by Pat Keay and Robin Davidson-Arnott 

Professor Brian Greenwood has for 
several years supervised a field study in 
Kouchibouguac Bay, New Brunswick in- 
vestigating sediment transport by wave 
and current processes in the beach and 
nearshore area. As part of the study, 
Pat Keay and Robin Davidson-Arnott 
(graduate students in geography at Scar- 
borough) and Ted Bryant (a graduate 
student at McMaster) spent the last week 
in November observing conditions during 
freeze-up in the area. 

For the benefit of those not well 
up on their Canadian Geography, Kouchi- 
bouguac Bay is located at the northern 
end of the Northumberland Strait about 
fifty miles north-east of Moncton. It 
is noted for the well developed series of 
spits and barrier islands which extend for 
about 20 miles along the whole length of 
the bay. The islands are 200-800 metres 
wide and consist of a fairly wide sandy 
beach backed by sand dunes up to 10 
metres in height. They are separated 
from the mainland by shallow lagoons 
and are broken in places by tidal inlets 
and estuaries extending several miles in- 
land which provide shelter for small fish- 

(> ing harbours. 

The dunes, lagoons and marshes sup- 
port a rich variety of flora and fauna 
including numerous species of waterfowl 



February 2, 1973 

litself provides a bountiful supply of 
lobsters for the New England and eastern 
Canadian markets (at a dollar per pound 
cooked even graduate students can afford 
them). These, together with the recreat- 
ional potential and natural beauty of the 
area have led the Federal Government to 
declare a large part of the bay as a 
National Park which is presently under 

During winter, Kouchibouguac Bay 
and indeed much of the Gulf of St. 
Lawrence is ice-covered for 2-4 months 
and freeze-up was just beginning at the 
end of November. Ice in the estuary 
and lagoons made operation of the small 
boat. used to get out to the beaches. 
difficult at times and the cold curtailed 
plans for surveying in the water though a 
limited amount of echo sounding was 
carried out. Observations on the beaches 
showed many of the features resulting 
from ice action which have been reported 
from arctic beaches including ice-push 
ridges and the formation of ‘ice-foot’ at 
the waters edge. This suggests that some 
of the studies on arctic beaches might be 
carried out more conveniently and much 
more cheaply here. One interesting feature 
was the freezing of water in the upper 
layers of the dunes and beach which re- 
sulted in the sand being as solid and as 
hard as concrete. This should have the 
effect of reducing blow-outs in the dunes 
at a time when the protective vegetation 
cover has mostly disappeared. 


The Social Science Division is plan- 
ning production of a new journal which 
is to be written primarily by Scarborough 
College students. 

The new journal, which is tentatively 
entitled Scarborough Studies in Canadian 
Society, will be edited by Professor Nancy 
Howell, a sociologist, and will be produced 
by the Graphics Department. 

For the first issue, which may be 
released in April if all goes well, Professor 
Howell is recruiting papers by asking all 
the other sociologists and the anthropo- 
logists to suggest the best papers that 
have been submitted to them by students 
over the past year or so. Students who 
wrote the papers will be contacted for 
permission to print their work, of course. 
Students who have a paper that might be 
accepted are invited to submit it directly 
to Professor Howell, with a note agreeing 
to publication if it is accepted. 

At least for the first issues, the 
journal’s focus will be on first-rate, well- 
written studies of aspects of local culture, 
institutions, and behavior patterns. Em- 
pirical papers will be given preference 
over theoretical or library research work. 
Material that was not produced for a 
course will be considered, as well as work 
by graduate students and faculty. 

The journal is still in the planning 
stages, so guggestions will not only be 
appreciated but can be used. Papers and 
suggestions should be addressed to Prof- 
essor Howell, c/o the Social Science Div- 
ision Office, H-411. 

David Blackwood 

painter & printmaker 


John de Visser 







The nominations for membership to 
the Governing Council of the University 
of Toronto are open until February 12, 
1973, 12:00 noon, for the following 
positions: 4 full-time undergraduate stu- 
dent seats, 2 part-time undergraduate stu- 
dent seats, 2 graduate student seats, 4 
teaching staff seats, 1 administrative staff 
seat (includes “support staff’). Nomin- 
ations must be sponsored by the following 
number of nominators: teaching staff, 
10; graduate students, 15; full-time 
undergraduate students, 50; part-time 
undergraduate students, 15; administrative 
staff, 20. Nominators must be members 
of the same constituency as the nominee 
and a nominator may not nominate more 
candidates for election than there are 
seats vacant in his constituency. Nom- 
ination forms may be obtained from the 
Registrar’s office or from the Office of 
the Governing Council. 

The terms of office are as follows: 
administrative staff, three years; students, 
one year; teaching staff, three years. 

Within each classification there are 
a number of constituencies; for example, 
the “‘teaching staff’, comprised of em- 
ployees of the University of Toronto with 
rank of full-time or part-time lecturer and 
above, are divided into six constituencies. 
In all cases a teaching staff member’s 
constituency will be determined on the 
basis of his major teaching appointment 
to a faculty, college or school. 

Constituency I is sub-divided into 
six sections, each of which has one 
vacant seat. The sections are composed 
of teaching staff members who hold their 
major appointments in the following div- 

(i) federated universities 

(ii) Scarborough College or Erindale 


(ili) University College or New Col- 
lege departments of Classics, 
English, French, German, Near 
Eastern Studies; or in the Uni- 
veristy departments of East As- 
ian Studies, Fine Art, Islamic 
Studies. Italian and Hispanic 
Studies, Slavic Languages and 
Literatures, Sanskrit and Indian 

(iv) Faculty of Arts and Science 
departments of Anthropology, 
Geography, History, Philo- 
sophy, Political Economy, Socio- 
logy and Psychology. 

(v) Faculty of Arts and Science 
departments of Astronomy, Ch- 
emistry, Computer Science, Geo- 
logy, Mathematics, Physics, Bot- 
any, Zoology. 

(vi) members of constituencies (ili), 
(iv) and (v). 

Constituencies II - VI are composed 
of teaching staff members from other 
faculties in the University. 

There are two constituencies, each 
of which has a vacant seat, for graduate 
students: constituency I includes students 
in Humanities and Social Sciences; con- 
stituency II includes students in Physical 
Sciences, Life Sciences and Education. 

There are two constituencies, each 
of which have two vacant seats, for full- 
time undergraduate students: constit- 
uency I includes all students registered in 
arts and science programmes; constituency 
II includes all other undergraduate students. 

There is one constituency with two 
vacant seats for part-time undergraduate 
students. Similarly, there is one con- 
stituency and two vacant seats for the 
administrative staff representatives. 

It should be noted that any person 
nominated as a candidate must be a Cana- 
dian citizen at the time of nomination. 


FRI. FEB. 2 — Faculty Lounge, 3:00 
p.m. Faculty “beer-in” (cider and beer 

SUN. FEB. 4 — Meeting Place. 3:30 
p.m. Siegfried Behrend in Recital. 

THURS. FEB. 8 — Dans la salle S-309, 
4 16 heures, le film La Chambre (d’aprés 
la nouvelle de J.P. Sartre) sera présenté. 
Bienvenue 4 tous. 

SAT. FEB. 10 — Main cafeteria, 7:00 
p-m. to midnight. Valentine’s Day Staff 
Dance. Tickets $4.50 per person, avail- 
able from Sam Smit, (room S-112, phone 
3260) or through the College mail. Every- 
one welcome. 

invited to meet Professor H.M. McKinlay, 
Chairman of the Admissions Committee 
of the Faculty of Law, on Monday, 
February 5 at 4:00 p.m. in room S-319. 


Scarborough College will start its 
spring series of Sunday afternoon concerts 
on February 4 at 3:30 p.m. in the Meeting 
Place, with a recital by Siegfried Behrend, 
the most renowned German guitarist of 
classical and contemporary music. He 
will be accompanied by Claudia Brod- 
zinska in a programme ranging from Bach 
to Busotti. Admission is free. 

There will be five additional con- 
certs in this series. 


Available June 1973 until September 
1974. Three storey furnished house in 
the Lawrence and Yonge area, close to 
the new subway station opening in March. 
Three bedrooms on second floor, two 
study rooms on third floor. Washer, 
dryer and usual conveniences in basement. 
Garage. Back garden. $300.00 per month. 
Michael Kirkham, 284-3288 or 481-1089. 


Some time in the coming week, 
instructors will be asked to hand out to 
their students course evaluations for spring 
and year-long courses, and to allow stu- 
dents to complete the forms during class 
time. If the course has seminars, labs, 
to the instructor of that group; in courses 
where there are no sub-groups, the lect- 
urer will receive the forms. 

There will also be extra forms avail- 
able for students who took fall courses; 
but, these are to be completed at home. 



On February 9 there will be an 
exchange of information and ideas on 
instruction in Biology between a group of 
Scarborough high school teachers and the 
faculty in Biology at Scarborough College. 

the evaulation forms will be sent: 





Number 20 

by Specks Tator 

With a blizzard outside and the 
balmy breezes of the air conditioning 
within, the ‘‘Sod Turning” for the new 
residences was held in the (no longer as) 
new gymnasium last week. 


i: February 9, 1973 


Before a splendid backdrop of draw- 
ings and plans and through our usually 
non-functional P.A. system, Our Dapper 
Principal introduced David Onley who 
spoke of the valuable aid Ontario Housing 
had given in making the residences poss- 
ible; Mr. Frank French, of Ontario Student 
Housing Corporation then passed the ball 
back to the students, without whose feverent 
interest (he said ) the residences would not 
have been possible. Reciporcal compli- 
ments flew and then Ross Flowers led the 
thronged hordes through the labryinthine 
plans. Our agricultural D.P. then intro- 
duced Paul Cosgrove, the new Mayor of 
Scarborough, who turned an emerald sod 
with an argent spade. Sometime Plough- 
boy Campbell (Our D.P.) offered his 
assistance, should turfing prove difficult, 
but Mayor Cosgrove coped on his own. 

After coffee and doughnuts, Dean 
Walker led a conducted tour of the “R”- 

A good time was had by all. 

P.S. On entry, our resplendent 

Security Staff saluted our D.P. and the 
Mayor. Are we now a “Banana Republic’? 

by John Margeson 

‘How is it working? ” is a question 
about the Governing Council that I en- 
counter almost every day. It is not a 
question that can be answered in a single 
word or a single sentence, though I am 
often tempted to say “very well indeed” 
and leave it at that. 

One striking fact about these early 
months is the spirit of co-operation evi- 
dent in all the members of the Council. 
Everyone seems determined to make the 
new system work. The setting up of the 
committee structure, the dividing up of 
functions that once belonged to a much 
larger number of Senate and Board com- 
mittees, has been a Herculean task (no 
reference to Augean Stables intended), but 
it has been accomplished successfully 
even while necessary day-to-day business 
was being carried on. 

The Academic Affairs Committee 
has had the heaviest burden and has had 

to function almost like a miniature Senate. 

It has set up sub-committees in order to 
delegate some of its tasks but it must at 
the same time be responsible for the whole 
academic functioning of the institution. 
The chairman of this committee has 
obviously a most important post. 

Other committees such as Planning 
and Resources, External Affairs, Business 
Affairs, and Internal Affairs have had to 
concern themselves also with the day-to- 
day functioning of the University but they 
have also been able to make plans for 
larger tasks in the future - investigations 
into the nature of the University as it will 
become in the years ahead, its relation- 
ship to the City and the Province, its 
developing relations with citizens and a 
wide variety of institutions in our society. 
The Academic Affairs Committee may 
find it more difficult than the other 

committees to emerge from the flood of 
business in order to look at large issues 
against a wide horizon. 
I have been a member of the Internal 
Affairs Committee, and therefore con- 
cerned with such thorny issues as day- 
care policy and a disciplinary structure 
for the university. The mixture of stu- 
dents, faculty, lay-members and members 
of the administration within this comm- 
ittee has worked extremely well: many 
of us wonder how it would have been 
possible to accomplish anything substant- 
ial without the range of experience and 
attitude made possible by the mixed 

The Governing Council itself has 
worked expeditiously and has been strong- 
ly dependent upon the work of its com- 
mittees. Nevertheless it is already evident 
that the Council is jealous of its powers 
and determined to exert them whe ;} 
necessary. The members have been willing 
to accept committee reports and the 
guidance of the Executive Committee in 
most cases but there have been and will 
continue to be awkward questions en- 
forcing real debate on the floor of the 
Council. Council meetings are open 
except for short periods in camera when 
appointments of individuals are being 
considered or matters of a similar kind. 
Information about times and places of 
meetings can be obtained from the Coun- 
cil secretariat at Simcoe Hall. 

I am very hopeful about the new 
Governing Council and believe it will be 
both responsible and sensitive to the 
attitudes of the many different groups 
within the university. There are difficult 
problems ahead which may strain if> 
resources of wisdom and sensitivity but in 
the meantime I am inclined to say that it 
is working “very well indeed! ”’. 

John de Visser 

David Blackwood 

painter & printmaker 


by John Kirkness 

The quality of the undergraduate 
teaching being done in the College, as well 
as the means available for encouraging 
effective instruction, are the subject of a 
review currently being undertaken at the 
request of the General Policy Committee, 
by a small group of faculty and students. 
In order to identify areas of concern and 
need, and to make helpful and realistic 
proposals, we invite the participation of 
members of the College whose experience 
and training, here and elsewhere, have 
afforded them insights into the roles of 
teacher and learner, and into procedures 
and techniques found useful in “‘stimu- 
lating optimal learning behaviour’’. 

To encourage debate on the issue of 
the role and effectiveness of teaching at 
the university level, we have invited Prof- 
essor Edward F. Sheffield of the Higher 
Education Group in the University of 
Toronto, to come to the College on 
Thursday, March 1, to review informally 
university teaching practices and develop- 
ments elsewhere. The discussion will be 
held in the Council Chamber at 2:15 p.m. 

Comments and suggestions are very 
welcome; they should be made to Michael 
Bunce, John Kirkness or John Perz. _ 


There will be a meeting of the People 
or Planes committee at which various 
local politicians (of which Stephen Lewis 
is one) will be speaking. The meeting, 
to be held at 8 p.m. on February 15 at 
Woburn C.I. auditorium, will also feature 
a premiere of Christopher Chapman’s film 
done especially for P.O.P. 

All are welcome. 


FRI. FEB. 9 — R-4226, 3:30 p.m. Phy- 
sical Science Seminar. E.W. Ellers, Asso- 
ciate Professor of Mathematics, “Unitary 
Groups of Characteristic 2”. Tea will be 
available in R-4226 at 3:00 p.m. All 
faculty and students are welcome. 

SAT. FEB. 10 — Main Cafeteria, 7:00 
p.m. to midnight. Valentine’s Day Staff 
Dance. Tickets $4.50 per person, available 
from Sam Smit (room S-112, phone 3260) 
or through the College mail. Everyone 

SUN. FEB. 11 — Meeting Place, 3:30 
The Toronto Consort. A programme of 
15th century Italian music will be present- 
ed by this unique ensemble. The music- 
ians, in costume, sing and perform on 
such diverse instruments as the lute, 
psaltry, recorder, krummhorn, shawm, 
sackbut and cornetto. Permanent mem- 
bers are: Garry Crighton, David Klausner, 
Timothy McGee and David Walker. 

FRI. FEB. 16 — Durham College Lecture 
Theatre, 8:00 p.m. Admission $1.00 
Paul Hellyer, former Liberal Cabinet Min- 
ister and now a leader in the Conservative 
party, will present a critical look at 
Canadian politics. 


Available June 1973 until September 
1974. Three storey furnished house in 
the Lawrence and Yonge area, close to 
the new subway station opening in March. 
Three bedrooms on second floor, two 
study rooms on third floor. Washer, 
dryer and usual conveniences in basement. 
Garage. Back garden. $300.00 per month. 
Michael Kirkham, 284-3288 or 481-1089. 


“Available June 1973 until Sep’ 
ember 1974. Large furnished house down- 
town (Sherbourne and Dundas, close to 
Don Valley Parkway). Three floors, high 
ceilings, pine floors, full cellar, backyard. 
Recently redecorated, $300.00 per month. 


In an attempt to intensify identi- 
fication with Scarborough College on be- 
half of part time students, an office has 
been set up. It is located in S-360C, the 
office of the former Fine Arts portable. 

In. order to familiarize students, staff 
and anyone else who is interested with 
this experiment we are having some free. 
coffee nights. The first ones will be on 
Tuesday and Thursday February 20th and 
22nd from 7-9:30 p.m. Further announce- 
ments are to follow. 

Joan Pennings 
APUS Director 


Professor L. Tarshis, who has been a 
visiting professor for the past two acad- 
emic years, will be staying on at Scar- 
borough College and will continue to 
serve as Chairman of the Social Sciences 


The bookstore will be closed on 
February 15, 16 and 17 for stock taking. 



Number 21 vi 


In response toa letter from President 
Evans to Divisions of the University of 
Toronto, Principal Campbell has appoint- 
ed a Safety Committee of three, advisory 
to himself. The members of this Commi- 
ttee are as follows, Mr. 1.A. MacDonald, 
Mr. R. Rigelhof and Mr. G.A. FitzGerald, 
as Chairman. 

President Evans has stated his con- 
cern at the high accident incidence within 
the University of Toronto andasacon- 
sequence the University is paying the 
Ontario Workmen’s Compensation Board 
a penalty of some $250,000.00 this year. 
President Evans has asked all members of 
the University of Toronto to co-operate 
in a programme to cut down this accident 

This Committee, within the next few 
weeks, will be holding meetings to formu- 
late a safety programme and will be 
making recommendations to the Principal 
on ways and means to avoid accidents. 

The assistance and co-operation of 
the College Community is earnestly re- 
quested as such a programme can only 
-achieve its goal if every member of the 
College participates. The Committee 
would be grateful for any suggestions, 
ideas, etc., that would be helpful. 

February 16, 1973 

All correspondence should be add- 
ressed to the Manager, Physical Services. 

From time to time the Committee 
will publish, in the Bulletin, safety hints 
and news which, hopefully, will assist you 
to make this programme work. 


The College’s proposal for a credit 
system starting in July 1973 was approved 
on Tuesday, February 13 by the Academic 
Affairs Committee of the Governing Cou- 


You can change your faculty adviser 
if you wish; the arrangements can be 
made in the Student Council Office, room 


The central office of a new anthro- 
pological journal has been established at 
Scarborough College. Entitled Afisnuniti: 
Structural and Social Studies in Anthro- 
pology (Etudes structurales et sociales de 
lanthropologie), the journal will be pub- 
lished by Mouton of The Hague, Nether- 
lands, and distributed in all parts of the 
world. Articles will be either in English 
or French. The editor is Erik Schwimmer, 
who teaches anthropology at Scarborough 
College. The journal will be quarterly, 
commencing August this year. 

The editorial board and committee 
are drawn not only from Canada and the 
United States, but also from Belguim, 
England, Japan, the Netherlands and the 
Soviet Union. The Belgian member of the 
Council, Professor Luc de Heusch, is also 
representing France. 

Mouton set up the journal to en- 
courage development in a rapidly growing 
field in cultural anthropology which is 
variously known as structural, cognitive 
and symbolic anthropology. These terms 
are applied to various schools, in some 
respects disagreeing with one another, 
but focussing on common problems. The 
journal is expected to draw contributions 
from all these schools and from all count- 
ries where relevant enquiry is going on. 

In choosing Canada as the centre for 
the journal, the publisher had in mind a 
certain eclecticism for which Canadian 
scholarship is noted (at least abroad), in 
that the American, British and French 
traditions are all represented and contact 
with all of them is easily possible. While 
such a judgment will surprise some readers, 
the editor has discovered it to be well- 


The publication has a_ subsidiary 
office at the University of Montreal, 
headed by Yvan Simonis. This office will, 
in the main, be responsible for the French 
section of the journal, for which contri- 
butions are expected from French Canada, 
France, Belgium, and from those foreign 
contributors who write more easily in 
French than in English. 

Though the journal is basically ‘anth- 
ropological’, its field of reference is rather 
wide, as it covers much of sociology, 
political economy, linguistics, literary crit- 
icism, musicology, dance, drama art and 
even some mathematics. This great variety 
of subject matter, coupled with the width 
of area interest makes Scarborough College _ 
a very good centre for the journal. It is‘ 
easy, here, to find someone to whom one 
can talk about a paper on Scandinavian 
mythology, written in Russian, or about a 
paper on ritual in ancient Rome. We can 
even have rejection slips prepared in at 
least twelve languages. 

The value of the set-up to students 
will be mainly indirect but yet substantial. 
Developments of this sort are increasingly 
making the College into an intellectual 
centre, closely in touch with significant 
ideas at a very early stage of their growth. 

Needless to say, the journal is very 
interested in receiving articles from mem- 
bers of the Scarborough academic com- 
munity. Robert Shirley is a member of 
the editorial committee, dealing especially 
with the Latin American area. Both 
Schwimmer and Shirley would be most 
interested in discussing ideas about articles, 
and provide further information. 


® by H. Gordon Skilling 

J ; 

Soviet Russia and the countries of 
Eastern Europe have only recently moved 
into the forefront of interest in Canadian 
foreign affairs. The academic study of 
these politically, historically and culturally 
significant lands and peoples in Canadian 
universities, however, lagged far behind 
research and teaching in the universities 
of the United States, Great Britain and 
other countries. Indeed when the Centre 
for Russian and East European Studies 
was founded at the University of Toronto 
in 1963, little or nothing was being done, 
except in language and literature, to 
promote an understanding of the Slavic 
and other civilizations of Eastern Europe. 

The Centre, it was hoped, would 
encourage the development of Russian 
and East European studies in fields such 
as political science and economics, history, 
geography and sociology, as well as in 
language and literature, and would coor- 
dinate matters of common interest both 
in research, teaching and library develop- 
ment. Infact in the decade of the Centre’s 
existence, a remarkable growth has occ- 
ured, so that at present there are some 45 
faculty members whose specialty is Soviet 
Russia (or its predecessor, Tsarist Russia) 
or one or more of the countries of 
Eastern Europe, such as Czechoslovakia, 
Poland or Yugoslavia. The library holdings 
have expanded from nearly zero to more 
than one hundred thousand volumes in 
Russian and other languages of the area. 

The greatest handicap has been the 
lack of funds. The University assumed 
that the Centre, like the other centres 
which have proliferated in the past ten 
years, would generate its own sources of 
revenue and would not be included in the 

University budget, except for nominal 
“‘housekeeping’’ expenses. It was soon 
discovered that the American foundations, 
which had poured millions into Russian 
and East European Studies in the U.S.A., 
were shifting their support to Asian and 
African studies. Canadian donors were 
few and far between. Nonetheless, during 
its existence the Centre was able to raise 
substantial sums from the Varsity Fund, 
The Canada Council, and the Laidlaw 
Foundation, for the conduct of an ex- 
change programme with the U.S.S.R. (then 
the only such exchange in Canada); from 
the Varsity Fund for the support of a 
Russian Language Workshop (the first of 
its kind in Canada), and from various 
other sources for augmenting library re- 
sources and supporting travel and research 
by faculty and students. 

Now as the Centre enters its second 
decade, a grant of $150,000 for a three- 
year period from the Ford Foundation is 
a testimony of the substantial strength 
achieved in Russian and East European 
Studies by certain departments, in part- 
icular, Slavic Languages and Literatures, 
Political Economy, History, Geography 
and Sociology. The funds will be used to 
provide fellowships and funds for research 
and travel by graduate students; to assist 
faculty research and travel; to acquire 
library material; and to facilitate short- 
term appointments for visiting professors. 
The grant thus gives a welcome fillip to 
the continued growth of Russian and East 
European studies, now recognized as an 
integral part of the curriculum and an 
indispensable contribution to Canadian 
relations with an important part of the 
world’s peoples. 


FRI. FEB. 16 — Durham College Lecture 
Theatre, 8:00 p.m. Admission $1.00. 
Paul Hellyer, former Liberal Cabinet Min- 
ister and now a leader in the Conservative 
party, will present a critical look at 
Canadian politics. 

SUN. FEB. 18 — Meeting Place, 3:30 p.m. 
North York Chorus. Conductor: Dwight 
Bennett. This fine ensemble is a chamber 
choir of 30 voices which has sung at 
Seneca College and Willowdale United 
Church recently. Their programme will 
consist of Palestrina’s Missa Lauda Sion, 
Renaissance motets, madrigals and J.S. 
Bach’s Lobet den Herrn. 

MON. FEB. 19 — Faculty Club, 8:15 p.m. 
University Women’s Club of Scarborough. 
Husband’s Night. Mr. Lloyd Percival, 
Director, The Fitness Institute. ‘Fitter, 
Healthier, Happier’. 

WED. FEB. 21 — Room H-214, 4:10 p.m. 
Gordon Williams, Professor of Latin, Uni- 
versity of St. Andrews, Scotland, will give 
a lecture entitled “Poetry and the Status 
of the Individual in Roman Society’’. 
This lecture is sponsored by the College’s 
Culture Affairs Committee. All are 

THURS. FEB. 22 — Dans la salle $-309 
a 16 heures, le film le Genou de Claire 
(1970) un film d’Eric Rohmer (en couleur) 
sera présenté. Bienvenue 4 tous. 

In the Council Chamber, 10:30 a.m., Art 
Committee Meeting. All members please 

FRI. FEB. 23 — R-4226, 3:30 p.m. 
Physical Science Seminar. Professor A.E. 
Jacobs, Physics, will present Superconduct- 
ivity or ‘How the 1972 Nobel Prize in 
Physics was Won’. Tea will be available 
in R-4226 at 3:00 p.m. All faculty and 
students are welcome. 


For academic and non-academic staff 
members who did not receive a copy of 
the letter from President Evans outlining 
salary increases, copies are available in 

to S-418 (the former Physical Education 


PROFESSOR W. ISAJIW (Sociology), has 
been named Programme Chairman for the 
Symposium to be sponsored by the Can- 
adian Ethnic Studies Association in Oct- 
ober 1973. 

DEAN A. WALKER (Chemistry) gave a 
lecture entitled ‘Safety in the Laboratory” 
at the Ontario County and Scarborough © 
Secondary School Teacher’s Professional 
Development Day on Friday, February 
9, at Oshawa. 


CO) UGH /} February 23, 1973 

Number 22 if 

A (Hopefully? ) Worthwhile Whimsy 

by Ali Tayyeb 

Bo not ask me why, but perhaps ina 
weaker moment, or for some other, even 
flimsier reason, the Editor urged me to 
write a piece about the ecological and 
ethical implications of the environmental 
crisis that assumedly engulfs us all. She 
knows that | am_ obsessively neurotic 

\Fabout it. Since many of us believe that 

indeed nothing is more important than 
this crisis, the rational in me urged me to 
write rather on the more important matter 
i.e. nothing. This brief excercise is there- 
fore about nothing in particular, written, 

emphatically, with (only) nothing in mind. 

In one of his many magnificent 
works, Bertrand Russell opens the book 

with the statement: “It is doubtful 
whether we know anything about any- 
thing’ — or nothing in fact (my _ para- 

phrase). It seems high time therefore that 
we delved into this matter with approp- 
riate awe and energy. It is somewhat of 
a pity that human culture has already 
succeeded in conditioning most of its 
members to continue to learn about all 
sorts of things, some relevant, most irre- 
levant. If for no other reason but a 
change of pace or stance it may be 
worthwhile (even rewarding) to take a 
deep breath, concentrate and at least try 
it or not, we know nothing can be 

a ee i 
liens if 

more exciting than knowledge per se, 
even if it be about ordinary things. The 
pity is that things by their own nature 
are prisoners of intrinsic definitions like 
form, size, and mass, and of intrinsic 
dimensions like space and time. This 
is true not merely of concrete phenomena 
like objects and events but even of voids 
and vacancies. Nothing transcends these 
crude limitations. 

Quantitatively, nothing is independent 
of human perception and experience, or 
of the workings of the human mind. 
Nothing is more beautifui than Love or 
Truth, or Beauty or God. Nothing is 
more exciting than the capture of an 
unexplored fact, the dawning of a new 
idea, the discovery of our own soul, or 
the realization of the Spirit that could 
bind us together. Nothing is eternally 
true, for there was nothing in the be- 
ginning and there will be nothing in the 
end. Nothing exists beyond the edges of 
infinity, assuming that infinity does have 
edges. Finally, nothing is more salutary 
than the admission of the futility of one’s 
self in general and of this piece of writing 
in particular. Nothing can change these 
facts. In short nothing can alter reality 
itself and that is why it is so important. 

by lan M. Campbell 

A group of 40 biology teachers 
from the Scarborough secondary schools 
visited Scarborough College on Friday, 
February 9. In the morning, the teachers 
met with the biologists from the College; 
a discussion of the high school biology 
programmes as they related to preparation 
for first year biology at the College was 
led by Professor G.F. Israelstam. 

Following a welcome from Principal 
Campbell, the biology programmes at 
various high schools were described by 
the teachers. In return Professor M.F. 
Filosa presented a brief description of the 
College’s first year biology course. It 
was found that the high school programmes 
varied from being general survey courses 
on living systems at one school to being 
almost exclusively biochemistry at anot- 

During the discussion period that 
followed, some expressed the opinion 
that greater uniformity in course content 
for all schools was desirable, whereas 
others thought that the subject areas cov- 
ered at a given school were not as im- 
portant as the way in which the material 
was presented with regard to motivating 
students and stimulating a critical analy- 
tical approach to information. 

At the end of the meeting, the 
teachers expressed a desire to meet with 
the biologists at the College on a regular 
basis. This contact would enable them to 
discuss teaching problems with us and to 
keep current with developments in the 
biological sciences. 

In the afternoon the teachers were 
given a tour of the College facilities by 
Mr. 1.A. MacDonald. 

by Michael Schonberg 

Scarborough College is bracing itself 
for the world premiere of In the Wind of 
the World’s Anger, written by Angus 
Braid and performed by students of Drama 

This major cultural event was har- 
bingered by certain ominous occurrences, 
not the least of which was the cataclysmic 
eruption of the tiling in the Meeting 
Place. While the natural disaster did not 
give cause for exceeding alarm, thanks 
mainly to the prompt intercession of the 
powers that are, the upcoming dramatic 
extravaganza will or should. 

The play is about wind as the title 
suggests — not of the variety which echoes 
through the venerated seminar rooms of 
SC, nor of the sort that inspires the 
hearts of nature lovers in the valley. The 
wind which will rage in the Television 
Studio I, 7:30 p.m. from Tuesday till 
Thursday (admission free but get your 
tickets beforehand in the Meeting Place) 
is of the kind which makes ‘“‘bottles fly, 
heroes die, and cormorants keep their 
eggs in paper bags.” 

It will be an hour of continuous 
stimulation. Catharsis guaranteed or dou- 
ble your money back. 

The Memphis Ornithological Bulletin 
reports: ‘“‘It’s for the birds. Go see it’’. 

Clyde Barns, N.Y.T.: “Never heard 
of it, but understand it’s a tragicomical 
metaphthisiscal burlesque farcical op-erratic 
sexologic hit. What a way to start a , 
season! ”’ 

by Cathy Pickett 

The students and staff of the Science 
Division are holding an Open House on 
March 3rd and 4th. Our first Open 
House, two years ago, was a great success 
with more than a thousand visitors. We 
expect this year’s exhibits to be even 
bigger and better. 

We want to show members of the 
College and their families and friends 
aspects of science teaching and research 
done here. Exhibits on Astronomy, 
Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Psychology 
can be seen on Saturday from 1:00 p.m. 
to 9:00 p.m. and on Sunday from 1:00 
p.m. to 5:00 p.m. 

The Astronomers will have a tele- 
scope set up to see sunspots — if the 
weather co-operates. Other displays will 
show how a telescope magnifies distant 
objects, recent discoveries in radio astro- 
nomy and the U. of T.’s new observatory 
in Chile. 

There will be displays covering all 
aspects of modern Biology: 

(i) view of a single cell as seen 
through the electron microscope. 
(ii) bacteria and virus structures, 
their disease causing ability will 
be shown as well as the role of 
one-celled organisms in the pro- 
duction of wine and beer. 
effect of algal growth in our 
plants of all types will be dis- 
played and their structure ex- 

(v) marine aquarium with living ani- 
mals — invertebrates, such as 

coral and sea cucumbers. 
learn how to start your own 
insect collection. 

(vii) a fertilized egg developing to an 
embryo, illustrated by living 
frog and chick material. 

(viii) inheritance of various mutuations 
in man, mouse and fruits. (The 
world’s largest mouse will help 

you to understand genetics). 

(ix) displays explaining the biology 
of man. 

Chemistry will feature two major 
displays — one on chemical poisons in our 
food and the otier on various forms of 

Physics will demonstrate an “air 
table’’ and how a laser works. See how 
your name looks on an oscilloscope! 

Psychology will cover a great variety 
of topics: learning, perception, how 
research is carried out. A demonstration 
of how we perceive objects by the sense 
of sight and touch will show that there is 
more to vision than meets the eye; for 
example, some visual illusions will illustrate 
the fallibility of human perception. 

Learning will be illustrated by a 
computer programmed to play games with 
you and learn from its mistakes. You can 
find out how a child learns the concept 
of conservation of matter. Most people 
have heard of the “Skinner Box’’, you 
will be able to see the principles of 
Skinnerian conditioning applied to animal 
learning. You can tour a research lab 
and see the techniques used to study 
human memory. 

Our glassblower will show how he 
makes elaborate ‘one-of-a-kind’ pieces 
of glassware needed for research work. 

Films of general interest from all 
these scientific disciplines will be shown. 


FRI. FEB. 23 — H-215, 3:30 p.m. 
Physical Science Seminar. Professor A. 
E. Jacobs, will present Superconductivity 
or ‘How the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physics 
was Won’. Tea will be available in 
R-4226 at 3:00 p.m. All faculty and 
students are welcome. 

SUN. FEB. 25 — Meeting Place, 3:30 
p.m. Stars of the Kiwanis Music Festival 
Part |. This concert and the one on March 
4 will present exceptional performances 
by vocal and instrumental soloists and 
ensembles, as judged at the annual Kiwanis 
Music Festival. 

TUES. FEB. 27 — Television Studio I, 
7:30 p.m.. Students of DRABOTY will 
be presenting Angus Braid’s play “In 
the Wind of the World’s Anger”. Free 

WED. FEB. 28 — H-214, 12:10 p.m. to 
1:00 p.m.. Concert-with-Commentary Ili 
wili feature electronic music. Special 
guests will be Timothy Sullivan and 
John LoPresti. Admission is free. 

Television Studio 1, 7:30 p.m. Students 
of DRABO1TY will be presenting Angus 
Braid’s play “In the Wind of the World’s 
Anger’. Free admission. 

H-214, 4:00 p.m. Michelangelo Anton- 
ioni’s L’Avventura, an Italian film with 
English subtities. 

THURS. MAR. 1 — Dans la salle S-309 
4 16 heures, le film La Modification, 
(d’apés le roman de Michel Butor) sera 
présenté. Bienvenue a tous. 

Council Chamber. 2:15 p.m. Professor 
Edward F. Sheffield of the Higher Ed- 
ucation Group in the University of Toronto 
will review “University Teaching and its 
Improvement”. All faculty and students 
are welcome. 

Television Studio 1, 7:30 p.m. Students 
of DRABO1Y will be presenting Angus 
Braid’s play ‘“‘In the Wind of the World’s 
Anger’’. Free admission. 


gave a talk on ‘The Victorian Street 
Arab” (with slides) in the Royal Cana- 
dian Institute lecture series, Convocation 
Hall, on Saturday evening, February 24. 

mics) gave a paper entitled ‘Tools which 
an economic adviser should take with 
him to Africa’ at a conference on Dep- 
endence and Development in Africa at 
Carleton University, February 16-18. 

itical Science) who also attended the 
conference on Dependence and Develop- 
ment in Africa, is organizing a conference 
to take place at the University of Toronto 
April 6-8 on the theme of Worker, Unions 
and Developments in Africa. Participants 
from all parts of the world, particularly 
Africa, are expected. 

DEAN A. WALKER has been appointed 
by the Board of Governors of Centennial 
College of Applied Arts and Technology 
as their representative on the task force 
which is being established to make pro- 
posals for the transfer of both the Scar- 
borough Regional and Toronto East Gen- 
eral and Orthopaedic Hospital Schools of 
Nursing to Centennial College. 

The decision to transfer all Schools 
of Nursing to Colleges of Applied Arts 
and Technology was recently made by 
the Provincial Government. 

SLOOP. Boat has: head, inboard diesel 
engine (6 hp), bermuda rig, sleeps 4 
adults; made of planked yellow pine on 
bent oak frame. Recently surveyed. 
Price: $1,975.00. Call Abe Ross, 3119 
or 922-3391. 



Number 23 

by Professor |. McDonald 

If you had to wait in the lunch line 
a little longer than usual on February 
15th, apologies from the college class- 
icists. Your patience was in a good cause: 
our fourth annual Classics Day, which 
attracted upwards of three hundred senior 
high school classics students and their 
teachers from the eastern part of the 
Metropolitan area. 

Designed to offer some mid-term 
stimulation to those who believe there is 
nihil novum sub sole and to illustrate to 
prospective students the many ways in 
which classical studies may be approached 
at the college level, the program encom- 
passed a wide field of interest in a full 
round of lectures and discussions. These 
ranged from a student presentation pro- 
vocatively entitled ‘Oh! Cleopatra! ” to 
a practical exercise in deciphering Latin 
inscriptions,* and from an_ illustrated 
lecture showing how archaeologists know 
where to dig to an examination of some 
“opposition” views of the Roman Empire. 
All were well received, and the caliber of 
our guests’ participation was in many 

. cases encouragingly high. 

Will our efforts be rewarded in terms 
of massive enrolments next fall? Prob- 
ably not. But it is gratifying to hear the 
favorable comments of past and present 


fsa March 2, 1973 



participants, and of our colleagues in the 
high schools, who face some very real 
problems in maintaining strong classics 
programs - programs in which we feel 
students in all our schools should have an 
opportunity to share. The enthusiasm 
generated by an event such as this is, we 
think, much appreciated by those whom 
we entertain; and we are happy to have an 
opportunity to support the study of our 
discipline in its broader context. 

*For those whose Latin may be better 
than they think it is, here is a puzzler in 
the form of the scratchings of a love- 
struck graffito artist on a wall in Pompeii. 
(Our high school guests had it deciphered 
and translated - with an occasional pro- 
fessorial prod - in a shade over five 



On Tuesday, February 13, the Aca- 
demic Affairs Committee of the Govern- 
ing Council of the University of Toronto 
gave final approval to Scarborough College’s 
proposal for a credit system and thus 
nade it the first college or university in 
Ontario to have a credit system. By this 
nethod, students will be free to proceed 
ioward a degree at a rate of their own 
choosing except that a maximum of 
six full courses can be taken in the winter 
session for credit and a maximum of two 
full courses in the summer session. 

The advantage of the credit system 
to the student is an increased time flexi- 
cility in his programme. Since he is no 
longer limited to five courses per year, a 
good student may wish to take six courses 
in the winter session and one or two courses 
in the summer and thus earn a 15-credit 
degree in two years. Or, if a student 
wishes to proceed at a slower pace, he is 
no longer restricted as a part-time student 
to a maximum of three courses per winter 
and two per summer; rather he is free to 
set his own pace and thus, perhaps, com- 
bine a part-time job with university studies. 

An important side effect of this 
system is the elimination of the formal 
distinction between full-time and _part- 
time students. 

EDITOR’S NOTE: An apology to Prof- 
essor Tayyeb for making “Nothing that 
Matters’’ (which appeared on the front 
page of last week’s Bulletin) even more 
confusing by omitting a line in the middle 
of the article. The missing line was “‘. . .to 
learn something about nothing. Believe. . .” 



A brochure has been produced list- 
ing all the courses to be offered in the 
next 3 years in the following sessions: 
summer day and evening at Scarborough 
College, summer evening at Durham Coll- 
ege and winter evening at Scarborough and 
Durham. A copy of this document 
will be mailed to each student presently 
enrolled in part-time study and to the 
faculty. Anyone else wishing to see 
this booklet, should enquire at the Office 
of the Associate Dean and Registrar. 


A reminder that the Science Open 
House will be held this week-end. The 
displays will be open on Saturday, March 
3rd from 1:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. and on 
Sunday, March 4th from 1:00 p.m. to 
5:00 p.m. There will be exhibits in 
Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Physics 
and Psychology on the first to fourth 
levels of the Science wing. 

There should be something of interest 
to everyone - especially children. 


Meeting Place. 


The Graphics Department will be 
having a display of their works on the 
third floor Science wing. The exhibit 
will run from March 5 to March 30, 1973. 





This will introduce a series of short 
articles on safety, which will be published 
in the Bulletin during Spring term. The 
purpose of the articles is to remind 
members of the College of the need to 
review work procedures and to eliminate, 
or correct, unsafe practices. A definition 
of ‘“‘unsafe practices’ is not limited to 
laboratory work or vehicular operation; 
it also applies to hazards in offices, stores 
and lunchrooms. There are many instances 
of familiarity breeding contempt due re- 
petition, somewhat like the farmer who, 
after driving into the side of another car 
said, ‘I don’t know what came over me; 
| have crossed this intersection for twenty 
years and have always stopped, but I just 
did not see your car’’. It takes a conscious 
effort to change one’s work procedures 
and habits from wrong to right, and if 
this series is able to achieve this in some 
degree, the objective will have been reach- 

The reference used for the material 
appearing in the articles is the Safety 
Manual published by the University of 
Toronto, 1971. 

1.A. MacDonald 


It has been the practice of users of 
the Workshops services, to walk between 
the machines when approaching the 
craftsmen to discuss a project. We have 
recognized for some time that this prac- 
tice is inherently dangerous due to the 
nature of the machinery and the type of 
work usually in progress. On the initi. 
ative of Mr. Karl Weisser, and his coll- 

eagues, a plan of re-arrangement of the 
machines to provide walkways and work 
areas was undertaken to reduce potential 
hazards to the minimum. This plan has 
now been accepted. Users of the Work- 
shops are requested to enter the Shops 
using the marked walkways, and remain 
within these walkways, or the office area, 
for all discussions unless they are taken to 
a particular workbench by a craftsman for 


The Art Committee of Scarborough 
College has very reluctantly decided to 
cancel the remaining art exhibitons which 
had been scheduled for this academic year, 
and is not, at present, planning to borrow 
any works of art for exhibition next year. 
This decision has been forced on the 
Committee by the series of art thefts 
which have occurred since the beginning 
of term. In the fall, a large sculpture by 
Victor Tolgesy was carried off; before 
Christmas, two lithographs by Daniel Hane- 
quand were stolen; and finally, two prints 
by David Blackwood were stolen from 
the lastest exhibit. 

The thefts have brought Scarborough 
College into disrepute with those artists 
and galleries who have lost their poss- 
essions, and soon there will be few artists 
willing to exhibit at Scarborough College 
or insurance companies willing to under- 
write a Scarborough show. 

The selfishness and greed of one or 
two people has led to the cancellation of 
a valuable community programme, and in 
addition, brought embarassment to the 


FRI. MAR. 2 — H-215, 3:30 p.m. Phy- 
sical Science Seminar. ‘Spying on Mol- 
ecules with Lasers’. Professor David 
May, Dept. of Physics, U. of T. Tea will 
be available at 3:00 p.m. in R-4226. 

SUN. MAR. 4 — Meeting Place, 3:30 
p.m. Stars of the Kiwanis Festival - Part 
'1. This concert will present exceptional 
performances by vocal and instrumental 
soloists and ensembles, as judged at the 
annual Kiwanis Festival. 

MON. MAR. 5 — Studio 1, 7:30 p.m. 
The Poculi Ludique Societas (the medieval 
play society of the University of Toronto) 
will present three rarely seen plays, The 
Baptism of Christ (Ludus Coventriae), 
The Temptation of Christ (York) and 
The Woman Taken in Adultery (Ludus 
Coventriae). Free admission. 

Since accommodation is limited, members 
of the College are urged to be in good 
time or to bring their own cushions. 

TUES. MAR. 6 — S-319, 4:00 p.m. 
Professor A. Sherk, Assistant Dean of the 
School of Graduate Studies, will be at the 
College to discuss graduate work with the 

WED. MAR. 7 — H-214, 4:00 p.m. 
Pierpaolo Pasolini’s Teorema, an Italian 
film with English subtitles. 

Faculty Lounge, 4:00 p.m., Social Science 
Seminar. Professor Nancy Howell will 
speak on ‘‘Demography of Women’s Lib- 
eration Movement’”’. 

THURS. MAR. 8 — Dans la salle S-309 

a 16 heures, le film Le Rouge et le Noir 
(d’aprés le roman de Stendhal) sera pré- 

senté. Bienvenue a tous. 


was an invited participant at a Federal 
Government seminar on ‘‘Problems of the 
Urban Fringe’’ sponsored by the Ministry 
of State for Urban Affairs, in January. 
He and Professor John Punter from York 
University are engaged in research on the 
landscape impact of exurban settlement 
in southern Cnitario and were invited to 
comment on the proposed research prior- 
ities outlined for the Ministry by Prof- 
essor Lorne Russwurm of Waterloo Unive- 

While in Ottawa, Professor Cave also 
presented a seminar to the policy plan- 
ning and research staff of Central Mortgage 
and Housing Corporation which has pro- 
vided funding for his study of residential 
change in the City of Toronto. This 
project, reported earlier in the Bulletin, 
represents the culmination of almost nine 
years of research which has been directed 
towards developing a methodology for 
analyzing the dynamics of residential cha- 
nge in city neighbourhoods. 

HOUSE FOR RENT, Don Mills, 3 bed- 
rooms, furnished or unfurnished from the 

end of March 1973 to the end of August 
1974. Recreation room, fireplace. Close 

to the Don Mills Shopping Centre and the 
Don Valley Parkway. Quiet area. $290.00 
per month. Phone 444-2290. 



Number 24 

by Professor K. Dion 

As shown in one of the psychology 
exhibits at the Science Open House, young 
children’s concepts of number, mass and 
volume are often quite different from 
those of adults and older children. Child- 
ren were presented with several conser- 
vation tasks, adapted from those devised 
by Jean Piaget, a noted cognitive develop- 
mental psychologist. Conservation refers 
to the child’s understanding that the 
amount of substance or matter in an ob- 
ject stays the same even though the 
external appearance may change. For 
example, children were shown two clay 
balls of equal size, one of which was 
transformed into a sausage shape. The 
child was then asked whether the ball or 
the sausage had more clay or if both had 
the same amount. A similar procedure 
was used with water-filled beakers of 
different shapes. Conservation of number 
was demonstrated using eggs and egg cups. 
After the child place an egg in each 
cup, the eggs were removed from the 
cups and rearranged spatially so they no 
longer visually matched. 

According to Piaget, young children’s 
thinking about concepts such as number 
or mass is dominated by their perceptions. 
Thus when the spatial arrangement of a 
group of objects is changed or the shape 
of an object is altered, they decide that 
the number of objects or amount of 
matter in an object has also changed. With 

Marche? 1973 

e environment, the child gradually be- 
comes able to conserve. An_ informal 
survey of children trying out the con- 
servation tasks this past weekend indi- 
cated the general trends predicted by 
Piagetian theory. In the age range from 
3-10 years, generally a larger number of 
children exhibited conservation with in- 
creasing age. It was interesting to note 
that sometimes within the same family a 
younger child (e.g. 4 years) would not 
show conservation, while to his older 
sibling (e.g. 8 years), the answers to the 
problems seemed obvious, particularly 
on the number task. Many of the child- 
ren who responded correctly to the con- 
servation tasks were younger than those 
in the original Piagetian samples. As one 
particularly interesting example, conser- 
vation of volume presumablyoccurs around 
age 10-12 years (althuugh Piaget never 
claimed his age boundaries were rigid). 
This past weekend one three-year-old and 
several five-year - six-year-olds responded 
correctly to the beakers task. Conceiv- 
ably, many children may now have a 
greater range of experience with cont- 
inuous substances such as sand and water 
as well as discrete objects than was the 
case with the original. Swiss samples. 

SCIENCE OPEN HOUSE, held this past 
weekend (March 3,4), was a great success. 
2500 visitors looked at or participated in 
the displays exhibited by the disciplines 
of astronomy, biology, chemistry, physics 
and psychology. Particularly gratifying to 
those who had worked so hard in arranging 
the displays, was the enthusiasm of the 
young children for everything that they 

For those who missed the Science 
Open House, here are photos and desc- 
riptions of some events. 


Lured by 20gm. of free candy, hoards 
of children rushed to the hourly chem- 
istry show. The safety-goggled spectators 
were treated to an inside look of the 
colourful (and sometimes odiferous) wor- 
Id of the chemist. They saw nylon 
ropes without end, rubber that shattered 
and ‘‘things’” that glowed in the dark. 
After witnessing the ‘“‘old-fashioned” met- 
hods of chemical analyses, the audience 
was treated to a demonstration of the 
modern instruments - ‘“‘black boxes” - 
that are used today. 

If you have noticed your friends 
getting slimmer it’s probably because they 
visited the display on ‘‘Poison’s in your 
Food”, and are living on nothing but 
dextrose and water. The entire chemistry 
department was kept awake on Monday 
morning only by the caffeine that they 
had extracted on Sunday. The chemist’s 
concern for pollution was in evidence 
with a display of biodegradable plastic. 
The final demonstration cleverly turned 
copper into copper (there were several 
pretty steps in between). 

A good time was had by all. 

Chem Tator 


The Computer had one very good 
day, winning all but 17 out of 85 games 
on Saturday, and leading the humans 
for most of Sunday, except for a brief 
period when a group of Boy Scouts 
descended on it and worked as a syndi- 
cate. The programme was one which 
learnt for itself how to play the game, 
having only been programmed with rules, 
not optimal play, and was one of a set of 
such programmes which students in PSYC- 
56S had developed, to display some sim- 
ple principles of artificial intelligence. As 
such it worked very well, and was a 
credit to its designer, John Birgiolas. 
Among the more interesting features of 
the weekend was the unwillingness of 
adults to take part in the game for fear 
of losing, the enthusiasm of younger 
visitors, and the apparent inability of 
several members of Faculty to understand 
the principles involved, or to read any of 
the literature on display. They will be 

welcome to enroll in PSYB56 next fall. 



The rate of growth in membership 
and total assets, which was forecasted by 
your Directors at the last Annual Meeting, 
is being sustained. We now believe that 
the Credit Union should exceed 4100 
members with total assets of our and 
one half million dollars, by end of April 
1973. It is obvious that the Credit Union 
is being accepted by an increasing number 
of people as the place to put surplus 
funds for investment and to borrow money 
for short term needs and for mortgages. 
If you have a financial concern call the 
Credit Union office at 928-3220. 

Members should make note in their 
calendars that the Annual Meeting is 
coming up in May. The date selected and 
the programme for the Meeting will be 
mailed to all members in April. Please 
try to attend this meeting and give your 
Board the support it needs. 

1.A. MacDonald, 


All of the professorial staff, 2 demon- 
strators and 6 undergraduates participated 
and were pleased with the comments 
they received from visitors: ‘‘Wow’”’, 
“Amazing’’, “Fantastic” and “Interesting”. 

The Astronomy exhibit consisted of: 

1) posters showing U. of T. obser- 
vatory in Chile, together with 
photographs taken there, and 
photographs of David Dunlap 

2) posters demonstrating the high 
resolution achievable by radio 
astronomers using aperture syn- 
thesis methods; 

3) a large photograph of the Crab 
nebula showing the neutron star 
and an explanation of what a 
neutron star is; 

4) a demonstration of telescopic 
magnification and resolution us- 
ing a Questar telescope which 
looked at a postcard-sized pict- 
ure of the Crab nebula some 
60 yds away; 

5) a“Sonet Lumiére” show taking 
the viewer on a trip to the 
very fringes of the universe; 

6) and on Sunday afternoon 3 
telescopes were set out on the 
balcony beside S-421 to view 
the (single, lonely) sunspot near 
the solar limb. 


Available June 1973 until September 
1974. Three storey furnished house in 
the Lawrence and Yonge area, close to 
the new subway station opening in March. 
Three bedrooms on second floor, two 
study rooms on third floor. Washer, 
dryer and usual conveniences in basement. 
Garage. Back garden. $300.00 per month. 
Michael Kirkham, 284-3288 or 481-1089. 


SUN. MAR. 11 — Meeting Place. 3:30 
p.m. Etobicoke Chamber Singers. Con- 
ductor: Clive Dunstan. The programme 
of this distinguished choir of 20 musicians 
which has sung with the Etobicoke Phil- 
harmonic and performed for Maclean- 
Hunter Cable TV and the CBC will 
include music by Palestrina, Elizabethan 
Part Songs by Vaughan-Williams, three 
songs by Emily Dickinson, and composer 
W.K. Rodgers, and Songs From the New- 
foundland Outports by Harry Somers. 

MON. MAR. 12 — Faculty Club, 8:15 p.m. 

University Women’s Club of Scarborough. 
Professor D.R. Campbell, Principal, Scar- 
borough College, will give a talk entitled 
“University ‘as a stronghold of authentic 
Humanism’ ” 

WED. MAR. 14 — Meeting Place, 12:00 
noon. Concert-with-Commentary IV will 
feature the Toronto Brass Quintet in a 
programme of 16th, 17th, and 20th cent- 
ury music. 

THURS. MAR. 15 — Dans la salle S-309 
a 16 heures, Le Bonheur (1965), un film 
d’Agnés Varda (en couleur). Bienvenue 
a tous. 

H-214, 7:00 p.m. J.1. Rempel will give a 
lecture on “Building with Wood and 
Other Aspects of 19th Century Ontario 

EDITOR’S NOTE: Professor Thaler, the 
other candidate in this constituency, was 
also invited to make a few comments on 
his own behalf. As yet, | have received 
nothing from Professor Thaler; but, hope- 
fully there will be an article next week. 

The election will close at 4:00 p.m. 
on March 20, 1973. 


In addition to the regular summer 
sessions offered at all three campuses, 
University of Toronto is offering degree 
courses in Europe from July 4th to Aug- 
ust 14th as follows: in Nice, France, 1 
English and 4 French courses; in Siena, 
Italy, Fine Art and Italian courses; in 
Trier, Germany, 1 History and 2 German 
courses. Professor Scavizzi is one of the 
fortunate instructors to be participating 
in this summer session; he will be teaching 
FARB36Y, Early Renaissance Puinting in 
Tuscany, at Siena. 

The cost to the student is approx- 
imately $750.00 to $800.00; this sum 
includes round trip, tuition for one course 
room and board. Anyone wishing more 
information should write to the University 
of Toronto, Division of Extension, 119 
St. George St. or telephone 928-8692. 



The final jurisdiction for all dec- 
isions about Scarborough College is The 
Governing Council of the University of 
Toronto, and no voting member will be 
heard in that council except the one you 
elect. Therefore, it is imperative that all 
Scarborough staff vote to have an inform- 
ed_ delegate. To be informed the 
elected delegate must possess a 
knowledge of the traditionally structured 
colleges including Erindale, and the new 
directions and goals Scarborough has un- 
dertaken which, it seems, needs continual 
explanation. Although opinions may 
differ, | fail to see how Scarborough can 
be adequately represented by anyone who 
is not thoroughly familiar with the altered 
situation effected in the past few years 
on the Scarborough Campus, and agrees 
with the liberal attitudes those changes 

Wm. ]. Howard, 
Associate Professor, 
Scarborough College 




Number 25 

March 16, 1973 

OF 44 
a ti 
om Go 
as 3 

by Professor John Corbett 

In the present state of Ontario uni- 
versities, we do not need to be reminded 
of the importance of attracting good 
students to enroll at Scarborough College. 
Obviously, too, improved communications 
between the College and local high sch- 
ools will facilitate greater co-operation 
between us. With this in mind, Principal 
Campbell has recently held a number of 
lunch-meetings with the principals of lo- 
cal high schools. The College was re- 
presented at these meetings by the Regis- 
trar, Jim King, and staff from his office, 
some people from the University Office 
of Admissions and an assortment of fac- 

Having taken part in one of these 
meetings, | would say that the contacts 
established and the exchange of views will 
certainly contribute to attracting students 
to the College. But these meetings seem 
to me to have had a wider significance; 
assuming that everyone involved in teach- 
ing has a common interest in improving 
the “‘system’’, co-operation and an ex- 
change of views makes it much easier for 

the College and the high schools to take a 
common stand where their interests coin- 
cide, and to define and deal with areas of 
conflict. | personally was surprised to 
find that areas of disagreement were more 
restricted than | had imagined; many of 
the high school principals expressed con- 
cerns about academic ‘‘standards’’ and 
educational philosophy - something which 
might surprise people who think of the 
University as the only institution concern- 
ed with such questions! 

If these meetings have helped people 
at the College and the high schools to 
understand each other and to co-operate 
more effectively, and if future meetings 
of. this sort can be broadened to include 
more ‘‘ordinary’’ people at all levels - 
students and teachers, it seems to me that 
the future role of Scarborough College is 
assured. In any case Principal Campbell 
deserves a vote of thanks from everyone 
at Scarborough College for sponsoring 
these meetings and laying a good found- 
ation for further “‘communication”’ with 
the local high schools. 


(The following is an article that 
appeared in The Toronto Star). 

Psychologist Lester Krames has mice 
in his University of Toronto laboratory 
that think they’re rats. So do some of his 
hamsters and gerbils. And even his rats 
don’t know the difference. 

It came about because Krames, at 
the U. of T?s Erindale College, and an- 
other psychologist, Bill Milgram of Scar- 
borough College, decided that the typical 
approach to the study of animal behavior 
can be misleading. Laboratory animals are 
obtained from animal farms and studied 
without regard for what happened to 
them before, explains Milgram. Yet such 
an approach to the study of human 
behavior would be considered a glaring 

Do mice, for example, behave the 
way they do because they’re mice or 
because of the way they’re brought: up? 
To find out, the scientists put baby 
mice, hamsters and gerbils into rat litters 
and the mother rats nursed and raised 
the strangers as their own. All developed 
uncharacteristic ways of behaving. They’d 
cuddle and sleep together. Rats would 
spend time grooming mice. Hamsters 
didn’t roll over on their backs, squealing 
and raising their legs to protect themselves 
when frightened — a response considered 
typical among these animals. Mice would 
climb on the backs of rats to get at food 
suspended from the top of the cage. 
“Normally rats wouldn’t tolerate that 
kind of thing’, says Krames. 

And when hamsters and rats raised 
together grew into adulthood, they mated 
with each other, though no fertilization 
occurred. Normally, says Krames, if you 
put a mouse and rat together, the rat will 

kill the mouse. This killer instinct seems 
to vanish in the female rat when she _ has 
babies, allowing her to accept intruders. 
But after the young are weaned and re- 
moved, the mother rat will kill the ad- 
opted mice if they’re returned to her cage. 

Milgram notes that another unquest- 
ioned practice is to give rats a standard 
laboratory diet of food and water while 
doing all kinds of research on_ their 
behavior. Milgram decided to give his rats 
nothing but lettuce and found that they 
survived quite well over the four months 
the experiment continued. At first, the 
rats lost weight, then their weight stab- 
ilized and eventually they started gaining 
again. Milgram notes that lettuce is 95 
percent water and that while it contains 
many nutrients, they occur only in small 
amounts, and it’s unlikely lettuce cont- 
ains everything rats need. ‘‘There’s a 
dogma that says you have to be very 
careful about what you eat’, he says. 
“I’m a little sceptical of it now because of 
our observations of these animals’. But 
he stresses that he’s no expert in nutrition 
and confesses that Krames is taking vita- 
mins after reading Adelle Davis, U.S. 
nutritionist and author of several best 
sellers on proper eating. 

Milgram has found that young born 
to rats on a lettuce diet are slower de- 
veloping — they’re smaller and take long- 
er to open their eyes among other things 
— than the young of mothers on the nor- 
mal lab diet. He plans to continue his 
experiments to find out what other diff- 
erences there are between normally fed 
and lettuce-fed rats. Rats on the lettuce 
diet, he says, eat between one and one 
and one half large heads a day. And what 
happens when they’re taken off lettuce 
and put back on lab chow and water? 
“They just eat and eat’. 


(2nd of a series of articles on safety) 

Everyone who works, or studies, in 
a laboratory should be taught the correct 
procedure to be followed in using chem- 
icals and laboratory equipment. These 
procedures should include a means of 
checking to ensure there is ongoing ad- 
herence to safe procedures, and that 
everyone learns how to use new materials 
subsequently introduced into the lab. 

There is little likelihood of a major 
fire in the College but there are real 
dangers from explosion resulting in a 
localized fire, chemical spills, chemical 
fumes being spread through the air circul- 
ation system, electricity, and the high 
revolution equipment in some rooms. 
All who work in labs should familiarize 
themselves with the section of the U. of T. 
Safety Manual, ‘‘Working in Chemical 

A few items from the reference man- 
ual are worth emphasizing here: 

a. Hazardous chemicals should not be 
carried in unprotected glass cont- 
ainers - the safety containers available 
in the Academic Stores should be 

b. Toxic chemicals should not be used 
or poured in the open lab, they 
should be used in a fume hood; 

c. Excess stocks of flammable chemicals 
should not be accumulated in labs; 
order only the quantities required 
for immediate use; 

d. Do not work alone, use the buddy 

e. When working at night, or on danger- 
ous experiments, arrange to have 
someone else visit the lab periodically; 

f. Do not eat or drink in a laboratory; 

g. Compressed gas cylinders will be- 
come a dangerous missile if the 
valve is broken, always ensure the 
cylinder is secured when it is vertical. 

There have been several instances in 
the recent past or near accidents in labs 
due to faulty use of dangerous chemicals. 
It is imperative that everyone who uses 
or is responsible for the use of hazardous 
chemicals (and in this context the term 
hazardous chemical is used in its widest 
sense) takes every precaution to ensure 
that safe limits are observed in the quan- 
tity, composition and area of use. 

1.A. MacDonald 


The University of Toronto Staff 
Association publishes a monthly news- 
letter. Copies of the March issue are 
available in S-407 (the reception area, 
Office of the Principal) for those mem- 
bers of the non-academic staff who are 
not UTSA members but who would like 
to know something of the activities of 
this organization. This month’s news- 
letter contains articles by the two candi- 
dates (non-academic) for the Governing 

The stated purpose of UTSA is to 
unite the diverse members of the ad- 
ministrative staff into one organization, 
responsible to its membership and capable 
of taking common action on any matter 
affecting their welfare and through its 
standing committees, to provide assistance 
in handling grievances relating to salaries, 
classifications and other personnel prob- 

note that the University of Toronto Car- 
eer Counselling and Placement Service has 
moved to 344 Bloor St. West, 4th floor; 
phone 928-2537. 

The Career Counselling and Placement 
Centre has expanded its facilities so that 
you can now plan your career, look for 
employment, talk to a counsellor or just 
browse in the library more comfortably. 

make an appointment by phoning 928- 
8590. Counsellors will help you plan 
which courses to take so that you can 
keep as many career alternatives open as 
possible, discuss techniques for job hunt- 
ing, and inform you regarding the present 
labour market. 

CAREER LIBRARY: The library con- 
tains the following: occupational infor- 
mation, company binders, summer work, 
study and travel abroad, Canadian, U.S. 
and U.K. calendars. 

SUMMER JOBS: You can register for 
summer employment and check the bull- 
etin board for current listings. 

PART-TIME JOBS: On the bulletin 
board you will find requests for anything 
from research assistants and teachers to 
chauffeurs and bartenders. 

PERMANENT JOBS: If you are grad- 
uating in the spring or if you have decided 
to leave University at the end of the year, 
you are eligible to register for the In- 
dividual Job Referral Service as of March 
yet he wee 

G.S.A.R.: If you are a graduate student 
about to receive an M.A. or Ph.D. you can 
set up a dossier for the purpose of 
applying for academic positions. 

(Governing Council — Scar.-Erin. Cons- 

As President Evans noted in a recent 
public address, decision-making in the 
university has changed. It is now seen to 
be preferable to reach decisions by the 
slower method of consultation and con- 
sensus, in order that the decisions reached 
will be accepted by all members of the 
university community. 

My agreement with the President 
influences my interpretation of a faculty 
member’s role on the Governing Council. 
Continuing awareness of what the real 
problems are, and what the faculty at 
Scarborough and Erindale wish, will re- 
quire personal contact, and notifying con- 
stituents in advance of what the Governing 
Council is planning. 

If elected, this is the approach | 
intend to follow. My personal addition is 
that if a decision is reached by this 
method it must then be respected. 

G.R. Thaler 

Assistant Professor 
Erindale College 


Pres.:: Ross Flowers 

V.P.: Scott Cavalier 

V.P.: Chris Waddell 

2nd year rep: Donald Allen 
Bob Sands 

Sheila Montgomery 
Smita Sengupta 

3rd year rep: 

4th year rep: David Onley 

Heidi Hehn 

SCARBOr®” *” 

COLLEGE 3.07!» 

Number 26 March 23, 1973 

by J.A. Lee 

At first Jack’s tenants asked politely 
for improvements, but when he didn’t 
move fast enough, they started picket 
lines, sit-ins and rent strikes. So Jack 
agreed to remodel, but as cheaply as 
possible. ‘‘Give it a fast paint job” he 
told the decorators. | 

But when the painters tried to peel 
off old wallpaper, some plaster came with 
it. So Jack cailed in plasterers but the 
more they patched, the more old plaster 
fell on them. “OK’”’ Jack sighed, “We'll 
have to put new wallboard on - but 
for god’s sake don’t hammer too hard. 
Some of these walls might give away’’. 

Alas, he warned in vain. The car- 
penters had to be called in to rebuild the 
rotting walls. So Jack made a virtue of 
necessity. ‘‘As long as you’re redoing the 
walls, we can move that one there - and 
make an extra apartment on this floor’. 
But now he’d done it! The workmen 
moved a bearing wall and the second floor 
caved in. Poor Jack - he was right there, 

@@ 6 

Last week our local curriculum car- 
penters were getting closer to bearing 
walls. Not many of the old underpinnings 
still stand unweakened. 


Peet a4 


Gite = EA 
- ~— 
——_ == Saag Sn a 

The remodelling started several years 
ago with the New Program. Of course 
that pulled down a lot of old plaster 
such as content-centred sequential lecture 
courses, final exams, and lock-step pre- 
requisites. We rushed in essays to replace 
final exams but the essaymongers are 
busy undermining the scaffolding. We’ve 
shuffled course titles until we hardly know 
what’s going on. Last week the Curr- 
iculum Committee tried to sort out which 
Biology students who took one course 
could take the first half of another, who 
could take the second half but not the 
first, who could take both and who 
neither. The motion was referred back 
for clarification. 


Then we got near a bearing wall. It 
seems the old house had something called 
an average. You know, the sort of average 
used to sort “‘A”’ students from the lesser 
breeds for scholarships and graduation 
ceremonies. But we’ve already pulled out 
one wall by replacing the year system 
with a credit system. A student can now 
do one or two courses in a session, or 
five or six. How shouid year averages be 

By the session, of course. A student 
who takes 15 courses at the pace of 6, 6 
and 3, can work hard in his third session 
and get an A average in only three courses 
while the poor bloke who does five 
courses in his last session has to average A 
over all five. The optimism would be 
6 winter, 2 summer, 6 winter, then one 
summer course - an “average” on his last 
session based on one course! (An accum- 
ulative system was discarded, for good 
reasons - it would penalize the student 
who did poorly in his first session but 
improved later). 

Oh, by the way. The new average 
will be constructed out of the old wall- 
paper (the arithmetic mean) because the 
tenants asked for it. (They were fond of 
the old pattern). The session average will 
be recorded as both a letter grade and a 
percentile. Of course everyone knows 
that an arithmetic mean is the most use- 
less of averages, but who cares? The 
tenants like it that way. 

A student with one C (68), one B 
(78) and one good A (94) can get an A 
average 240/3 =80 while the student with 
three B’s and two A’s can still end up 
with just a B average, not even B . (e.g. 
70, 73, 75, 80, 83 =380/5 = 763 ). 

1 wonder when Jack and the tenants 
will make one small alteration too many, 
and the whole crazy patchwork will come 
tumbling down? (With us inside it! ). 


There are still many vacancies on 
College committees, but little time left: 
nominations must be in by 5:00 p.m., 
Monday, March 26. There are lists post- 
ed in the Faculty Lounge, in the Divisional 
Offices, and in the Meeting Place indi- 
cating which committees have vacancies. 

The procedure for nomination is 
simple: the nominee’s name must be 
proposed by two people in his/her con- 
stituency on a nomination form (available 
in the Divisional Offices, Post Office, 
Registrar’s Office, and Reception Desk at 
the front door), and the nominee must 
sign the form indicating his/her willing- 
ness to let his/her name stand. The 
form should then be sent to Mr. N. Dobbs, 
Assistant Registrar. 

So, check the list and make certain 
that your constituency is represented. 

ART SALE: acrylics, water colours, ink- 
drawings, lithographs, pastels. Come to 
H-512. Bonnie Clancy. 

U Din Pookimp ts 
lw ® 1, Uw Hor (Jorden 
on endlic. Lace paper slontine in four acne 


faa. orug ors 
MARCH 27, 28, 29 

The Stronger 


by W.J. Kirkness 

Increasing the quality of undergrad- 
uate student learning in the University 
involves, among other things, attention 
to the role of the class instructor. One 
means of encouraging this attention, cur- 
rently being given general discussion with- 
in the local academic community, is the 
Teaching Awards Programme developed 
by the Ontario Confederation of Uni- 
versity Faculty Associations. The pur- 
pose of the programme, established fol- 
lowing the Canadian Association of Uni- 
versity Teachers’ review of university tea- 
ching effectiveness, is to give recognition 
to outstanding teachers in Ontario uni- 
versities. Up to twenty OCUFA Teaching 
Citations are to be awarded per year for 
excellence in these catagories: 

i. outstanding teaching (individual 
or team) 

ii. successful educational innovation 

iii.successful curriculum development 

iv.authoring of outstanding textbooks 

The criteria for judgement are being 
left to the discretion of the group bring- 
ing forward names of faculty whom it 
considers worthy of nomination. 

Members of the College who would 
like further information about the awards 
and/or who are keen to nominate superior 
Scarborough teachers for the Citation are 
invited to contact the OCUFA office in 
Toronto (40 Sussex Ave. M5S 1J7) or to 
call John Kirkenss (3141). 


FRI. MAR. 23 — R-3232, 2:30 p.m. The 
Library Committee will meet to continue 
discussion of a new loan and fine policy 
for 1973-74. All those interested are 
welcome to attend. 

MON. MAR. 26 — Council Chamber, 1:00 
p.m. Lecture by Professor Gaberell Drach- 
man of Ohio State University, entitled 
“Its Competency Only Performance After 

MAR. 27, 28, 29 — Studio One, 7:30 
p.m. Love of Don Perlimplin for Belisa 
in her Garden, an erotic lace paper valen- 
tine in four scenes by Federico Garcia 
Lorca. Also The Stronger, by A. Strind- 
berg (same time and place). 

WED. MAR. 28 — Council Chamber, 2:00 
p.m. Professor Peter Russell, Principal of 
Innis College, will be speaking on ‘The 
Innovations in Curriculum and Instruction 
at Innis’. 


We sincerely appreciate the oppor- 
tunity to hold blood donor clinics in your 
College. There were 235 units of blood 
collected from the 251 donors who att- 
ended. This is the best winter clinic for 
the College as far back as our records go, 
although the fall clinic is always very 
successful. We are very grateful to all 
those who attended. 

We particularly wish to convey our 
appreciation to the Students’ Council for 
everything they did to make the clinic a 
success and to Mr. Mann and his staff for 
the co-operation they extended us. Many, 
many thanks to all who participated. 

Mrs. W.A. Voss, 
Blood Donor Service. 



Since its establishment in 1964, Innis 
College has encouraged the development 
of an academic programme distinct from 
that established in other Colleges and 
University departments. Over the past 
three years, the experimental courses dev- 
loped by the staff and students of Innis 
have focussed principally on contemp- 
orary issues and problems. No attempt 
has been made to duplicate courses and 
teaching traditions already well established 
in other divisions of the University. The 
entire programme gives participants opp- 
ortunities, not always available elsewhere, 
to work in new fields of study (e.g. Myths 
and Reality, The Political Structure of 
Scientific Thought) and to combine study- 
ing about something with doing that 
thing (e.g. Power and Strategy in City 
Politics). This concern with the inte- 
gration of knowledge and experience is 
associated with the College’s general aim 
to foster both free intellectual enquiry 
and personal development. 

Professor Peter Russell, Principal of 
Innis College, will discuss aspects of his 
College’s programme at an open meeting 
to be held in the Council Chamber on 
Wednesday, 28 March at 2:00 p.m. 


Nominations for the chairmanship of 
Scarborough College Council should be 
forwarded to Mr. N. Dobbs by 5:00 p.m., 
Monday, March 26. Nominations should 
be signed by a nominator and a seconder 
(who must be a member of Council) and 
by the nominee, indicating his/her will- 
ingness to let his/her name stand. 




Number 27 

by Richard Sandbrook 

The historical role of the working 
class has recently been subject to reassess- 
ment. Frequently repudiated are the 

Pe) Marxist views that the proletariat con- 
stitutes either, as Marx’s and Engels’ 
classic scheme would have it, the revolut- 
ionary social force in capitalist societies, 
or, as Lenin believed, the pre-eminent 
element in a revolutionary alliance with 
the poorest strata of the peasantry, or, 
finally, as Mao holds, the leadership cadres 
needed to mobilize the downtrodden pea- 
sant masses into conscious, revolutionary 
action. Consider, for instance, the meagre 
role attributed to the working class in 
Barrington Moore’s brilliant effort, in 
Social Origins of Dictatorship and Dem- 
cracy, to delineate three historical routes 
to modernity. Owing to Moore’s con- 
centration on the intricate coalitions and 
conflicts involving three social classes - the 
bourgeoisie, the landed aristocracy and 
the peasantry - the proletariat almost 

2 disappears from view as an_ historical 
actor. In a similar way Eric Wolf, by 
classifying as ‘“‘peasant wars” the revol- 
utions in Mexico, Russia, China, Vietnam, 
Algeria and Cuba in a book entitled 

Peasant Wars of the Twentieth Century, 


March 30, 1973 


clearly indicates his assessment of the 
unimpressive revolutionary role of the 
working class. Perhaps Frantz Fanon in 
The Wretched of the Earth has been 
most emphatic in dismissing the workers’ 
revolutionary potential in the third world. 
Not the workers but the poor peasants 
are, for Fanon, the wretched of the earth. 
The native proletariat, enjoying a privi- 
leged and well-remunerated position under 
colonial (and, by implication, neo-col- 
Onial) rule, has everything to lose in a 
violent struggle for liberation. On the 
other hand, the peasantry, having nothing 
to lose but its impoverishment and retain- 
ing a “‘stony pride’ in the face of all 
indignities, represents the authentic rev- 
olutionary force. 

Writers without a radical commit- 
ment have also downgraded the historical 
role of the working class. Consider, for 
instance, the often quoted study by Kerr, 
Dunlop, Harbison and Myers entitled In- 

con axes 

dustrialism and Industrial Man. These 
authors, generalising on the basis of a 
multiplicity of case studies carried out by 
a team of researchers around the world, 
have claimed that ‘“‘worker protest” is a 
diminishing rather than an increasing for- 
ce_as the “evolution of industrialization”’ 
unfolds. One of their central points is 
that worker protest, left to itself, will 
be directed toward winning gradual, in- 
cremental advances in wages and working 
conditions. But worker protest, they 
feel, is seldom a matter for the workers 
only; this protest can be “owned” by 
various groups, the ruling elite as well as 
its opponents. Such outsiders as ‘‘revolut- 
ionary intellectuals” and “‘nationalist lead- 
ers’ can, under certain conditions, chan- 
nel the workers’ grievances into a rev- 
olutionary movement. However, the con- 
ditions for class warfare are becoming 
increasingly exceptional, the exceptions 
including a ‘‘dynastic elite that does not 
adapt fast enough” and a “colonial regime 
that does not transfer power fast enough’. 
One reason for the decline in the next 
century of class conflict involving the 
workers is apparently that employers, 
owing to an enlightened sense of self- 
interest, will willingly grant concessions 
to their employees. The other reason 
seems more ominous in its implications: it 
is that elites have gained more experience 
in controlling worker protest. The authors 
observe, without demur, that workers’ 
Organizations have proved ‘‘quite recep- 
tive to the guidance involved in the 
development of consensus in an indust- 
rializing society, and even to more direct 
guidance by the elite through selection of 
goals and of men. Most labor organizations 
are, in fact, to one degree or another, a 
part of the established system’. 

To assess the validity of recent views 
such as these, the African Studies Com- 

mittee of the University’s International 

Studies Programme is convening on April 

6th-8th an international conference entit- 
led ‘‘Workers, Unions and Development 
in Africa’. Our aim is to seek answers to 

the central question of whether various 
writers are correct in forecasting a fairly 
passive role for organized labour in the 
political and economic life of Africa. 
The first panel will provide some historical 

perspective by probing the extent to 
which a consciousness of common inte- 
rests emerged among working people dur- 
ing the colonial period; this requires an 
analysis of strike actions, the emergence 
of ephemeral trade unions, and the instit- 
uting of political action by workers’ 

organizations. This discussion will be 

continued in the second panel which 

focuses on the question of the extent to 

which African unions today are working- 
class institutions responsive to the desires 
of their largely illiterate and semi-literate 
rank-and-file. The third and fourth panels 
will then deal in turn with working-class 
action in the economic and political spheres 
of contemporary Africa. A feature of 
this conference which promises to make 

the discussion particularly rewarding is 
the participation of trade union officials 
from both East and West Africa and Can- 
ada. The social scientists and historians 
who will contribute papers or provide 

critiques are drawn from Africa, Europe 

and the United States, besides Canada. 
The conference will be held in the Council 

Chambers, Galbraith Building (35 St. Geo- 
rge Street) from 9:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. 
on April 6 to 8; it is of course free and 

open to the public. Anyone desiring a 
programme or further information should 
contact either the International Studies 

Programme (928-3350) or myself, the 
conference organizer. 


(3rd of a series of articles on safety) 

Flammables, acids and broken glass 
are hazardous wastes. Liquid wastes 
should be collected in labelled containers 
and turned in to the Academic Stores to 
be held for pick-up by the University 
waste disposal teams. At no time should 
volatile waste or acids be poured down the 
drain. Broken glass and paper waste 
should be collected in appropriately mark- 
ed containers to await pick-up by the 
caretakers. Plant and animal waste should 
be collected in separate containers and 
placed in the chill room on the Ist level 
(room S-102), by technicians or research 

Hypodermic needles and_ syringes 
should be broken off at the bulb to 
prevent further use. All radioactive wastes 
are to be disposed of in accordance with 
the procedures set forth by the Radiation 
Protection Office. 

1.A. MacDonald 

ART SALE: acrylics, water colours, ink- 
drawings, lithographs, pastels. Come to 
H-512. Bonnie Clancy. 

COLLEGE COUNCIL for 1973-74 will 
be Professor C.E. Hopen (Anthropology). 


Scarborough College Economists met 
Wednesday, March 14 with teachers of 
economics in Scarborough high schools to 
exchange ideas on coordinating their re- 
spective programs. The meeting was 
organized because almost all high schools 
in the area offer at least one course in 
economics , and some offer courses at 
both the 12th and 13th grade levels; the 
College could supply a more cohesive 
learning program if faculty were aware of 
the preparation of the high school grad- 

One possibility brought to light at 
the informal gathering in the Faculty | 
Lounge is allowing students who have 
excelled in high school economics courses 
to skip the introductory course here at 
Scarborough and begin their study of 
economics with B level courses, thereby 
recognizing their high school accomplish- 
ment. Both sides expressed hope that this 
idea and other suggestions discussed will 
be further explored. 


The nominations for membership of 
committees of Council closed on Monday, 
March 26 with many vacancies unfilled; 
for example, the Curriculum Committee 
still has 2 faculty positions open. There 
are a few constituencies for which more 
than one nomination was received; in 
these cases, elections will be held in 
April. The vacancies will hopefully be 
filled in by-elections to be held in the fall. 

The newly-elected members will as- 
sume their responsibilities on April 30th. 


MON. APRIL 2 — Room R-3228, 4:10 
p.m. Curriculum Committee meeting. 
Among the items on the agenda are the 
report of implementation of the credit 
system, the proposal for Study Elsewhere 
Programme and the report on imple- 
mentation of College proposals for curri- 
cular development. 

FRI. APRIL 6, 7, 8 — Room 202, The 
Galbraith Building, 35 St. George St. 
9:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Conference on 
“Workers, Unions and Development in 
Africa’ sponsored by the International 
Studies Programme and the Centre for 
Industrial Relations of the University of 

FRI. APRIL 6 — Council Chamber, 3:00 
p.m. A meeting of the Court on Examina- 
tions and Term Assignments has been 
requested according to Item VI.3 of the 
Guidelines for the Court. 

Monday, April 2, 1973 


“Russian Nationalism in Music: External 
Challenge to the Central Tradition” Mr. 
Lawrence House, Musician in Residence. 
Council Chamber, 11-1 p.m. 


“Poetry of Love and Disenchantment” 
Russian poetry reading in translation from 
Mayakovsky, Esenin, Evtushenko, Voznes- 
ensky and Brodsky. By members of the 
Drama Workshop. S-128, 2:30-4:00 p.m. 


Danny Kaye: The Inspector General H-214 
5-7 p.m. 


— With the advent of the credit system 
the distinction between part-time and 
full-time students will disappear and 
will create a new problem in student 
organization and representation on Col- 
lege committees. One solution would 
be the merger of the groups repre- 
senting full-time and part-time students. 
Such a possibility is now being con- 
sidered by the students. 

— Applications from Grade XIII students 
giving Scarborough College as_ their 
first choice have increased significantly 
from previous years; however, it is too 
early to predict the final outcome. 

— In its meeting on March 15, the Govern- 
ing Council of the University of Tor- 
onto lowered the age of eligibility of 
non-matriculant students (those lacking 
a grade XIII diploma) from 23 to 21. 

— The Governing Council of the Univ- 
ersity of Toronto will hold its next 
meeting at Scarborough College. on 
Wednesday, April 18 at 4:00 p.m. The 
meeting is open to all. 

— A brochure on the student residences 
is currently being prepared. Anyone 
wishing a copy should inquire at the 
Student Services Office, room S-418. 



Number 28 

by R.B. Caton 

Scientific revolutions occur when a 
critical number of scientists change their 
fundamental assumptions about the nat- 
ure of the physical universe, writes T.S. 
Kuhn in The Structure of Scientific Rev- 
Olutions. In their-own quiet way, the 
Physical Sciences Group began a liaison 
last week which may eventually overturn 
one of the favourite paradigms of univer- 
sity scientists, which is that ‘‘science’’ is 
defined by those activities which take 
place in university research laboratories. 

Approximately thirty Department 
Heads of Chemistry, Mathematics and 
Physics from local high schools met with 
the teaching staff of the Physical Sciences 
Group’ last Wednesday, March 28, to 
discuss the current state of science peda- 
gogy. As Physical Sciences Chairman Bert 
Corben said in his introductory remarks 
to this all-star gathering, there is an 
“impedance mismatch’ across the high 
school/university interface which prod- 
uces undesirable transient effects. Some 
serious consequences of this mismatch 
are students who are repulsed by ‘‘hard”’ 
science and students who fail university 
science courses. 

COLLEGE BW iii 7 ly 

April 6, 1973 


SA ene ents oe = 


The College staff who participated 
in these discussions seemed favourably 
impressed that ‘“‘science’’ indeed does 
happen in high schools. It was also 
apparent that high school teachers and 
university professors share many of the 
same pedagogical and philosophical dil- 
emmas. For example, one of the eternal 
scientific problems was debated heartily 
over dinner, namely, the difficulty of 
discovering the most appropriate format 
to stimulate professional interaction at 
tea time. The debate continues. The 
much easier question, “‘Why are we educ- 
ating students in science? ’’ was dispatched 
forthwith, at least in the Chemistry group, 
where we couldn’t produce any plausible 

The spirit of the meeting was epito- 
mized by one of the high school represent- 
atives in a remark to Principal Campbell, 
who had been made an Honorary Physical 
Scientist for the occasion (without the 
approval of the General Policy Committee). 
Said the teacher, “We enjoyed talking 
with our colleagues, and the wine was 
excellent’. Of such stuff is communi- 
cation built. 

Painter/sculptor LEO KLAUSNER 
will have an exhibit of his kinetic sculp- 
ture on April 6 to April 27, Scarborough 
College, U. of T. 


The Canadian Committee of Social- 
ist Studies is sponsoring a conference on 
The Limits to Growth: Reactionary or 
Revolutionary Science? at Hart House, 
the Music Room, main campus, on Satur- 
day, April 14th, 9:45 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. 

Resource people for the conference are: 

Jim Laxer, Political Science, York 
University, Movement for Inde- 
pendent Socialist Canada. 

Ali Tayyeb, Geography, Scarborough 
College, University of Toronto. 

For further information contact: Vincent 
di Norica, Humanities Division, 284-3145: 
after 5:00 p.m. 284-4907. 


—The calendar, listing the courses to be ¢ 
given at Scarborough College for 1973-74, 
will be available in about one week. 
Copies will be distributed to the faculty 
via the College’s post office; students will 
be asked to pick them up from the 
Registrar’s office. 

—Once the calendars are available, pre- 
registration will begin for 2nd, 3rd, and 
4th year students. This year, students 
will need the signatures of their faculty 
advisors on the pre-registration forms. 

—The Student Services Office reports that 
student response to the credit system has 
been very favourable. Students are relieved 
to discover that they are permitted to 
take summer courses to replace the ones 
that they have dropped or expect to fail. 

—Students interested in application forms 
for “Experience ’73’’ (summer jobs thr- 
ough the Provincial Government) should 
contact the Student Services Office or 
call the Government at 965-3546. 

—The area on the 3rd level of the new 
wing facing the visitors’ parking lot will 
be used as a gallery for art exhibits. The 
first exhibit to be displayed there will be 
a collection of work by students in the 
Fine Arts courses and a private collection 
of political posters from Cuba. The 
exhibit should be ready in mid-April. 

The Leo Klausner exhibit of kinetic 
sculpture, starting on April 6, will be 
displayed in the small gallery off the 
Meeting Place. 


(the last in a series of articles on safety ) 

An accident is the unplanned con- 
sequence of one or more unsafe acts in 
combination with hazardous circumsta- 
nces. Hazardous circumstances cover a 
wide range of everyday situations that 
occur in the work and recreation activi- 
ties of most people from the workshops 
to laboratories to office routines. The 
basic causes of accidents are more often 
related to the actions of the individual 
than hazards of equipment and materials. 
A list describing basic causes is given on 
page 19 of the U. of T. Safety Manual. 

Accident prevention is the respon- 
sibility of everyone, not only the super- 
visor, the inspector or the engineer. There 
should be procedures covering the met- 
hods of work which are known to all 
staff and students in departments. It 
should not be assumed that because some- 
one is working in an area that he, or she, 
is aware of the safe working methods 
which are to be followed. The procedures 
should include a description of the action 
to be taken in the event of an accident; 
first aid, medical aid, artificial respiration, 
notification of the appropriate authority 
and preparation of any required docu- 
ments such as a Workmen’s Compensation 
Board report. 

1.A. MacDonald 


As is customary, the food service in 
the faculty dining room and in the 3rd 
floor dining room will be discontinued as 
of Friday, April 13. These dining rooms 
will be re-opened in the fall. 

The 70 grade 5 students who were 
at the College on Monday, April 2 are 

doing a study of glass. As part of their 
project, they wanted to see what could be 
done by a glassblower; therefore, these 
students from Donwood Park Junior Pub- 
lic School were here to observe the craft- 
manship of our glassblower, Mr. R. Legge. 

While here, they also toured the 
chemistry and biology labs (and enjoyed 
seeing the skeletons and preserved animal 
specimens), the greenhouse and the gym- 
nasium (where they exhausted themselves 
jumping on the trampoline). 


FRI. APRIL 6,7,8 — Room 202, The 
Galbraith Building, 35 St. George St. 
9:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Conference on 
“Workers, Unions and Development in 
Africa’ sponsored by the International 
Studies Programme and the Centre for 
Industrial Relations of the University of 

FRI. APRIL 6 — Council Chamber, 3:00 
p.m. A meeting of the Court on Examin- 
ations and Term Assignments has been 
requested according to Item VI.3 of the 
Guidelines for the Court. 

FRI. APRIL 6 — Faculty Club, 3:00 p.m. 
“Beer-In. Members $.50 admission. 

WED. APRIL 11 — Council Chamber. 
4:10 p.m. Scarborough College Council 
meeting. The agenda includes reports 
from Committees of Council, report on 
the emergence grant, government support 
for the “French Room’’, instructional 
development, academic development and 
a review of the Constitutional Guidelines. 
Members are urged to attend. 


Westphalia Volks Camper, late ‘69, 
pop-up, attached tent, little rust (Mexico 
2 years), reconditioned engine. One 
owner, $2485.00. Phone collect 1-649- 
2520 or 284-3189. 


raphy) chaired a symposium on research 
priorities in rural geography at a meeting 
of the newly-formed Ontario Rural Geog- 
raphy Group at York University on 17th, 


attended the Canadian Association of 

Geographers (Ontario Division) meeting 

at McMaster University, Hamilton on Feb- 

ruary 17 and presented a joint paper 

entitled “Geometric and Dynamic Charac- 

teristics of Offshore Bars, Kouchibouguac 

Bay, N.B.” 

aphy) was invited to present a seminar on 
“The Equity-Efficiency Trade-off in Reg- 
ional Development: A Reconsideration’”’ 
at the University of Illinois at Urbana 
on March 16th, 1973. 

delivered a paper on ‘‘La femme comme 
mythe chez Zola: Nana’’, at the collo- 
quium of the Graduate Department of 
French on the nineteenth century French 
novel on Saturday, March 23. 

MR. R. RIGELHOF (Graphics) gave a 
talk on ‘‘New Graphics Techniques’ at 
Graphics Seminar II held at the Univer- 
sity of Guelph on March 29, 30. All 
members of our Graphics Department 
attended the conference. 


will present his video-tape, Victorian 
Photography at the Victorian Studies Asso- 
ciation of Ontario Conference, April 7th 
(Saturday) at Glendon College, York 




Number 29 


by Professor F. Burton 

For some years now, | have been 
studying the population of monkeys in 
Gibraltar. These animals are unique, as 
they are the only monkeys in Europe, and 
despite local myths to the contrary have 
apparently a long history on the peninsula. 
The population lives in two small groups, 
both of which are free-ranging and prov- 
isioned, although they receive food amo- 
unt to only 1/3 of their total intake. 
Habituated to the presence of human 
beings (Gibraltar is still a British army 
outpost) who total 25,000, they are 
nonetheless not tame — they do not 
permit themselves to be touched. During 
World War II, in keeping with the British 
fortunes, the monkeys nearly disappeared. 
Sir Winston Churchill ordered the popu- 
lation to be restocked from Morocco, and 
the present population is virtually totally 
derived from these founders. The Gibralter 
monkeys or Barbary Apes as the Gib- 
raltarians prefer to call them, are unusual 
in that it is the males who are the prin- 
cipal agents of socialization of the young. 

This summer a group of Scarborough 
students will join me in Gibraltar for a 
field course in primatology. They will 
concentrate on the Queen’s Gate group 
which have not been so intensively studied 
as has the Middle Hill one. The objective 
is to get basic data: activity cycle, home 

roe ey April 13, 1973 
1 } f fe 
1 | | B | ARS iH 

range, movement patterns and food. In- 
cluded under this rubric is social organi- 
zation, with particular reference to the 
present role and status of the head male. 
A comparison between the Queen’s Gate 
and Middle Hill groups in terms of their 
reaction to humans is of importance, now 
that the Middle Hill group has become 
Open to more frequent contact with 
civilian personnel. 

The course begins in July, so that 
there should be occasion to observe at 
least a few new infants and the peculiar 
‘male care’ pattern typical of this species. 


This copy of the Bulletin will be the 
last weekly issue until September. The 
next issue will appear on April 27 and will 
continue to be published fortnightly dur- 
ing the summer. 

The Bulletin will appear on Fridays 
and the deadline for contributions will 
continue to be 5:00 p.m. Tuesday of that 

by John A. Lee 

A three-foot coffin full of symbols 
representing American control of Canad- 
ian life will be the most unusual research 
project featured at a display of student 
Sociology productions to be held in the 
Meeting Place, 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. 
on Thursday, April 19, 1973. There will 
be a variety of first-class essays too, 
selected from courses given by Professors 
Howell, Isajiw, and Lee. Two film pro- 

jects will be shown, an hour-long televised. 

study of rhythm and blues music, a shor- 
ter TV programme on advertising, and 
several graphic projects. There will be 
continuous replays of some “radio progr- 
amme”’ Sociology projects. 

Any member of the College is wel- 
come to drop' by and see what the 
College’s apprentice Sociologists have been 
doing this year. Social Science students 

from several Scarborough high schools. 

will also be viewing the display. 

by Specks Tator \ 

Does anyone know what’s going on 
in the TV wing? Where has all the 
equipment gone? What will be the fate 
of the “green book’? Who’s running 
the course evaluations? 

For the answers to these, and other 
questions, read on . . .for these were 
the topics that exercised the General 
Policy Committee last week. First, on a 
special item, Professor Salus brought up 
the questions of the disposition of the 
sound equipment in the Control Booth; 
a meeting of the TV personnel, of the 
staff involved in Drama courses, and 
Assoc. Dean Walker sounded as though 
it had been quite messy. I wish | had 
been there. Our Dapper Principal, none 
the worse for wear after nearly a year 
in office, promised to investigate. Messrs. 
Leon, Warden and Schonberg certainly 
seemed agitated. 

Next, the “green book’’, setting, for- 
th the College’s proposed extension offer- 
ings for the next three years, was lam- 
based by (again! ) Professor Salus, speak- 
ing for the Humanities’ Curriculum Com- 
mittee; Professor Grant, the chairman of 
the Committee, added his Classical com- 
ments in truly Ciceronian style. After 
too much discussion, addenda, corrigenda, 
emendata, edentata, and a veranda were 

And then Professor Graham, from 
whom too little has been heard this year, 
brought up the nature, status and quality 
of the course evaluations. Many voices 
were heard supporting the forms, crit- 
icizing the forms, rewording the questions, 
counselling the questioners, questioning 
the questionnaires. It was all in good fun 
and | look forward to next week’s appea- 
rance of ‘‘Parking” on the Council’s agen- 
da. Everyone is usually vitalized by this 
topic, and | look forward to seeing the 



same familiar faces and hearing the same 
comments about Parking and the bus 
service we have come to expect every year 
at this time. 

The GP, brilliantly chaired by Prof- 
essor Gooch, was all Humanities Division 
last week. Perhaps the next meeting will 
bring the wheel ‘round to the Physical 
Sciences. Professor Corben, are you there? 

A good time was had by all. 


On January of 1973 the Recreation 
Centre of Scarborough College finaliy 
became a completed reality. The many 
months of anxious waiting proved worth- 
while when issued in the light of the high 
quality of the facilities provided. 

Perhaps the most welcomed section 
of the total complex, was the area which 
contains the four squash courts. These 
courts have, since opening day, seen 
almost capacity use at all times. The 
billiard room too, has been well used, 
since it provides for a degree of non- 
physical, recreational activity. 

The administration of the Recreat- 
ion Centre, notably its director Taimo 
Pallandi, has demonstrated a unique appr- 
oach towards athletics, in the formulation 
of programmes and activities. This appr- 
oach has entailed the establishment of 
almost all activities on a co-educational 
basis. These activities include Judo, 
karate, dance, volleyball, squash and golf, 
to name a few. The success of this 
approach is evident in the number of 
people involving themselves in the various 



| The Recreation Centre has also pro- 
vided organizational leadership and faci- 
lities for a number of Scarborough High 
School events such as igymnastics and 
basketball tournaments. 

All in all participation by the various 
members of the college community, in 
the many programmes, has been quite 
satisfactory with the possible qualification 
that. there are considerably more men 
than women taking advantage of the 

However, this first semester of oper- 
jation has established a solid base on which 
to build and expand the present activities 
into a comprehensive programme with 
something for everyone. 

MaryAnn Prettie 


It will be two years from now that 
the Governing Council of the University 
of Toronto meets again at Scarborough 
So, if you have wondered what 
takes place in the meetings of this prest- 
igious legislative group, come and see for 
yourself on Wednesday, April 18 at 4:00 
p.m. in S-309. 


TUES. APRIL 17 — Faculty Lounge, 
4:00 p.m. The last Social Science Sem- 
inar will be on the topic of “Manmade 
Systems and their Future: Three Views’’. 
The three views will be given by Professors 

J. Cohen (Economics), J. Corbett (Clas- 

sics), and J. Ritchie (Biology). All are 


WED. APRIL 18 — S-309, 4:00 p.m. 
Meeting of the Governing Council of the 
University of Toronto. All are welcome 
to attend. 

FRI. APRIL 27 — Durham College Lect- 
ure Theatre, 8:00 p.m. Admission $1.00. 
Leslie Frost, a former Ontario Premier, 
is speaking on the problems of being 


Westphalia Volks Camper, late ‘69, 
pop-up, attached tent, little rust (Mexico 
2 years), reconditioned engine. One 
owner, $2485.00. Phone collect 1-649- 
2521 or 284-3189. 








Beginning on May 8th, the cafeteria 
will be open from 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. 
but meals will be served only at the fol- 

lowing times: 


7:30 a.m. - 9:00 a.m. 
10:30 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. 
12:00 noon - 1:30 p.m. 
3:00 p.m. - 3:30 p.m. 

To supplement this service, vending 
machines will be installed to supply bev- 
erages and sandwiches. 



Number 30 

A NEW COURSE ON Easier es 2a 

by P.P. Kronberg 

Some recent research in astronomy 
has turned up some new and quite un- 
expected discoveries which raise the poss- 
ibility that life in some form may be 
occur very commonly in the Universe. 

Prior to the mid 1960’s only neutral 
hydrogen and OH (hydroxyl) had been 
known to exist in the interstellar space in 
our Milky Way. Now, barely eight years 
later, radio astronomers have discovered 
no less than twenty-six different molecules, 
and the number is growing almost mon- 
thly. In fact, the main obstacle to dis- 
covering them at a greater rate is our 
present inability to accurately compute 
the frequencies of the rotational and 
vibrational transitions of the more com- 
plex organic molecules. Usually, it is 
necessary first to know what frequency to 
tune to before searching the sky with the 
radio telescope, otherwise one must search 
in frequency and space which is very 
time consuming. 

Some of the molecules discovered 
are CN, CO, H90, H9S, NHg3, ethyl 
alcohol, methyl a scohale *cyanoaéetylene, 
formamine, and other amines. That such 
complex molecules exist in interstellar 
space is surprising, because interstellar 
space is so rare that the probability of 
two atoms, let alone five, coming close 

oe | April 27, 1973 

“together for Jong enough to combine 

chemically is very small. Given that 
they exist, can they survive without being 
dissociated by the energetic ultraviolet 
and x-radiation which also exists in some 
regions of the Milky Way? The answer 
to these problems seems to be that these 
molecules are formed in the dense, opaque 
dusty clouds which are in the process of 
contracting to form a new star--and poss- 
ibly a solar system along with it. There 
the material is dense enough to form the 
molecules, and sufficiently opaque to 
shield the delicate molecules from the 
destructive ultraviolet radiation. Further- 
more, it is possible to produce sugars 
and amino-acids in the laboratory by 
placing of these compounds in an electrical 
discharge. All of this, in addition to some 
other evidence from the lunar and martian 
space expeditions, suggests that life-build- 
ing molecules, e.g. DNA, might be formed 
under natural circumstances along 
with other solar systems. Space-based 
telescopes which will be launched over 
the next 10 to 15 years will be able to 
detect planets if they exist around some 
of the nearby stars. This test is very 
difficult, if not impossible, to do with 
ground-based telescopes. 


All of this recent evidence strongly 
suggests that we could conceivably be on 
the brink of a “Brave New Universe’ 
populated with life in many forms. Not 
much imagination is needed to appreciate 
some of profound implications that such 
a discovery would have for the human 
scene. It is fun to speculate on some of 
the philosophical and religious implications, 
to begin with. 

It is with this background that some 
of us thought it timely to introduce an 
undergraduate course which combines all 
that we know about the possibility of 
extraterrestrial life, and discusses the wh- 
ole question on a scientific (but not too 
advanced) level. We feel that a large and 
prominent university such as ours ought 
to prepare the next generation of leaders 
for some of the consequences of space 
research. | think this is important if 
only because increasing amounts of public 
funds are going to be spent on space 
activity in all its aspects, good and bad. 
Extraterrestrial space has become part 
of man’s domain, if only in the psychol- 
ogical sense. 

The course is entitled ‘Life on Other 
Worlds” (INX250) and is sponsored by 
the Interdisciplinary Studies department 
on the St. George campus. The course 
will be given by a team from the depart- 
ments of astronomy and botany— Prof- 
essor R.F. Garrison and myself (Astron- 
omy), and Professors J. Dainty, G.A. 
Yarranton, J. Williams and M. Tyree 


With the exception of two items, 
food prices at Scarborough College have 
been kept unchanged for over two years. 
With the increase in minimum wages as 
defined in the Minimum Wage Act and 
because of the drastic increase in food 
costs recently, some food prices will have 
to be increased at Scarborough College. 

There will be no increase in the 
price of beverages, cereals, french fried 
and: other potatoes, vegetables, meat pies, 
and a number of other items. 

Price increases in other areas are 
necessary in order that the Food Services 
Operation break even. The average in- 
crease in price will be about 10% and 
will occur on May 8, 1973. We very 
much regret that inflation has made this 
step necessary. 

D.R. Campbell 


There has been a change in cafeteria 
hours as announced in the Bulletin on 
April 13. The cafeteria will be closed, 
starting on May 8, except during the 
following times: 

Breakfast 7:30 -a.m. =) 9:00 -a.m. 
Coffee 10:30 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. 
Lunch 12:00 noon - 1:30 p.m. 
Coffee 3:00 p.m. - 3:30 p.m. 

However, vending machines will be 
available in the cafeteria next to the 
athletic complex. 



Within a few weeks, many members 
of the faculty will be leaving Toronto for 
far-away places — the Arctic, Europe, the 
Middle East — to do research. Those of 
us who are unfortunately spending the 
summer in Toronto would welcome the 
occasional piece of news from these exo- 
tic corners of the world. Perhaps, in 
between digging among prehistoric ruins 
or studying ancient manuscripts in the 
libraries of Paris or London, you could 
find time to send back brief accounts of 
your work and travels for publication in 
the Bulletin. In return, we at the College 
will keep you informed of some of the 

activities here, again via the Bulletin. 

by G.F. Israelstam 

The first meeting of this group was 
held at the college on Tuesday 10th of 
this month. This liaison arose directly 
out of the very successful get-together we 
had as part of the teachers professional 
development day held here in February. 
Some 30 teaching biologists met with a 
couple of faculty members to discuss 
curriculum followed by a session on the 
teaching of cellular metabolism. Unlike 
the physical science teachers, the only 
alcohol present was that quantity prod- 
uced by yeast cells from 10 g of sugar, 
which meant about 1/3 oz. - not really 
enough for 32 people. We meet again 
next month, which | am given to believe is 
an excellent one for both red and white 

by Ross Flowers, President 

In the past Scarborough College Stu- 
dents’ Society (commonly known as the 
Students’ Council) has taken part in the 
life of the College in a variety of ways. 
Its participation has ranged from a pos- 
ition of apparent non-involvement and 
disinterest to one of definitive leadership 
—and sometimes a strange mixture of the 

The immediate future of the Council 
and its role and relationships within the 
College are my present concerns. | 
envisage this next year as one of both 
changed and consolidation. Consolidation 
of Council resources and expertise are 
necessary for achieving greater coordin- 
ation and organization of Council prog- 
rammes. Change will occur in so far 
the emphasis will be placed on different 
areas of concern. Hopefully, next year’s 

Council will be denoted by its service and, 
what | will call, quasi-politically oriented 

The most notable change will be in 
Council’s composition. Since the credit 
system blurs the distinction between full 
and part-time students, the Council of the 
“new’’ student body will be representative 
of both ‘day’ and ‘evening’ students, 
i.e.,there will be only one student organ- 
ization at Scarborough College. This 
amalgamation should help create a better 
esprit de corps within the College com- 

Unfortunately, this space does not 
allow me to explain more fully the 
rationale behind some of the proposed 
programmes of Students’ Council; how- 
ever, | hope to do so in future editions. 

The future of Council is promising, 
but, the promise will not be realised 
without a significant effort on the part 
of Students’ Council to work together, 
and without involving the whole of the 
student body and the rest of the College. 


(Political Science) is the recipient of an 
award in the humanities and social scie- 
nces under the terms of the ““Exhange of 
Research Scholars Between Canada and 
France’. Professor Friesen will spend the 
summer in France, doing additional re- 
search on his forthcoming book on post- 
war French foreign policy. 

PROFESSOR J.L.PEARL (History) spoke 
at Bloor Collegiate Institute on ‘The 
History of Witchcraft” on Friday, April 

SALUS (Linguistics) presented a paper at 
Stanford University Child Language For- 
um entitled ‘“‘Rule-Ordering in Child Phon- 
ology” on April 7, 1973. 


In the coming months, most faculty 
members will be attending conferences in 
their disciplines. 1 would appreciate 
receiving from those who are giving papers 
the title of the address and the date and 
place where it was delivered. 

FRI. APRIL 27 — Durham Lecture 

On doctor’s advice, Leslie Frost has 
been forced to reduce his activities and 
will therefore be unable to speak at Dur- 
ham College as announced. The April 27th 
lecture is_ cancelled. 


Come back from your trip to a 
garden that smiles. $5.00 per week 
minimum. Grad student, 282-5314, 439- 
3461 (late). 


Available July and August 1973, 
furnished and equipped apartment. One 
block from Summerhill subway. Two bed- 
rooms, one study room, large pleasant 
living-room, dining room, two terraces, 
garage, all pots, pans and dishes in the 
kitchen. Second floor of a three-story 
house. $650.00 for two months. Jean- 
Louis deLannoy, 284-3379 or 921-9555. 

borough College is 284-3398. The line 
will be answered at the reception desk at 
the main doors and will serve those mem- 
bers of the community who are seeking 
information or a particular department in 
the College. 



Number 31 

by Paul Gooch 

. . such are the dangers of retro- 
spection. So rather than risk a prolonged 
survey of my year in the chair of the 
General Policy Committee for 1972-73, 
| prefer to set out some thoughts on GP 
for the future. 

One of the most important tasks 
for GP to undertake in the coming year 
is a review of Council and its Committees 
— in more general terms, the process of 
decision-making in the College. For some 
time now Scarborough College has had 
structures whereby administrators and stu- 
dents, faculty and non-academic staff, 
could participate in the discussion and 
formulation of policy and the critique of 
practice. Just last year the University 
itself entered into a unicameral system of 
governance; and I believe this system 
should continue to be reflected internally 
within the College. 

But it takes more than structure to 
run a College. It takes people with 
energy and vision; it takes an atmosphere 
which cultivates self-examination and crit- 
ical, open debate in a spirit of goodwill. 
In our recent elections to the nine stand- 
ing committees of Council, however, we 
have ended up with about forty per cent 

COLLEGE 3U.).27)) 

- May 11, 1973 

of the available positions vacant. So GP 
will have to examine this situation and 
Our present structures in order to make 
recommendations to Council for the fut- 

It is important, then, that the 1973- 
74 GP be a vital committee. But GP has 
itself been part of the problem. Attend- 
ance hasn’t always been high. Thanks to 
a co-operative Principal, we did manage 
to recommend to Council the imple- 
mentation of things the College has dis- 
cussed for some time: counselling, the 
improvement of teaching, a College bull- 
etin, and so on. For the rest, we’ve 
been pretty friendly, but pretty toothless. 
Some of our senior administrators have 
left us to talk among ourselves without 
the benefit of their perspectives, and thus 
left themselves without any perspective 
from GP. 

In saying such things | do not blame 
individuals. Each has his own motives 
and reasons not immediately obvious to 


! The aura of sound scholarship is en- 
hanced by the footnote, for it suggests 
good research; hence this one: Gen. 

me. And no doubt GP perspectives have 
been at the best dim, and the view clearer, 
perhaps, from private administrative meet- 
ings. My only point is this: the best way 
to trivialize any process is to ignore it, 
and a sure way to stifle the growth of a 
creative and critical academic community 
is to leave those elected to formulate 
general policy on behalf of Council to 
sit and talk to each other. 

As | have no desire to blame indivi- 
duals, so | have no desire to underestimate 
the contribution of last year’s GP mem- 
bers. The co-operation | received made 
my task easier, and | appreciate that. At 
the same time, | want to be straight-for- 
ward with all members, elected and ex 
officio, of the 1973-74 GP Committee: 
the time has come for us to act together 
in an open and responsible way. We will 
have failed by this time next year if we 
have not moved, as a united Committee, 
to discuss basic policy questions in the 
College, to arrive at decisions through 
goodhearted but tough-minded discussion 
with our administrators, and to make 
considered recommendations to be tested 
in Council. 

The first task awaiting the Comm- 
ittee is the future academic direction of 
the College. Ways of beginning delibera- 
tions about our academic development, 
through Divisions and the Academic Dev- 
elopment Subcommittee, have been sugg- 
ested. The task demands co-operation 
throughout the College, and the burden 
for this rests squarely on GP. I ask that 
all concerned ensure that it is equal to 
the task. 



The chairman (chairwoman? ) of the 
General Policy Committee for 1973-74 
will be Professor Eleanor Irwin (Classics). 


by David Cash 

On Tuesdays, April 17th and 24th, 
at the initiative of Barbara (Greaves) 
Russell, a Scarborough College graduate 
who is now teaching at David and Mary 
Thomson Collegiate in Scarborough, some 
140 students from that school visited 
with the Chemistry group at the College. 
The purpose of the trip was to introduce 
the students, mainly in grade 12, to the 
teaching/learning environment of the Co!- 
lege, particularly the laboratory facilities. 

Following an unstructured tour of 
the College, an introductory talk was 

given in a lecture theatre by Karen Hen: 

derson and Alan Walker (first week) or 
Ron Harris (second week). Then, after a 
break for lunch, everyone gathered in the 
undergraduate laboratories. Here, each 
student carried out one of a number of 
carefully prepared experiments, based clo- 
sely on those performed by students in 
CHMAO1Y at the College. Each student 
was provided with his or her experiment 
outline well in advance, and the general 
laboratory techniques to be encountered 
were explained and demonstrated before- 
hand, partly by the aid of a TV tape. 
Since there were several staff persons in 
each room with 12-15 students, there was 
ample opportunity for individual instruct- 
ion and conversation to occur. 

Comment during the visits indicated 
that the format chosen was successful, 
and a sample of written comments pro- 
vided by Barbara Russell from her own 
students supported this impression. Most 
of the participants felt that they had 
learnt something, and enjoyed doing it. 
Some quotes follow: 


“enjoyable yet educational” 

“| felt the great satisfaction a chem- 
ist must feel when he labours over a 
hot test tube for several hours and 
achieves his goal” 

“there were always people around to 
help even when you spilled every- 

“‘disappointed no beer served in cafe- 

The Thomson teachers involved were 
Barbara Russell, Donna Moore, Kathleen 
Hellsten, Elizabeth Bunton, Glynis DeLuca 
and Al Simone. Those of the Scarborough 
Chemistry group taking part were David 
Niven, Barb Hungate, Bob Caton, Ilze 
Smits, Janet Potter, Alan Walker, Anne 
Verner, Frank Cheng, Karen Henderson, 
Ron Harris and Dave Cash. 


For those who have wondered what 
has become of John Andrews, the arch- 
itect of Scarborough College (of the 
“old” wing, that is), a recent issue of the 
Sydney Morning Herald reports that he is 
well and happy itn Sydney, Australia. 
After ten years of the North American 
way of life and pressure, he has returned 
to Australia where he enjoys a casual 
and an outdoor life (his office is within 
sight of the ocean) and still designs major 
projects. At present he is working on 
what he calls a “lifetime job’’, the design 
of the Metro Centre in Toronto. This 
development is to occupy 200 acres on 
the shores of Lake Ontario. 

Designing Scarborough College was 
essentially his first major work. It alone 
won him much praise and fame; for 
example, the New York Museum of Mod- 
ern Art called: it ‘‘the building of the 
century”. He also designed the contro- 
versial Graduate School of Design at 

Harvard, art centres for Smith College 
and Kent State University, student resi- 
dences for many universities, etc. 

He is quoted as sayiiig, ‘I just want 
to keep doing good things and pushing 
myself to my limitation”. Judging from 
the awards and honours he has won — 
Massey Medal for architecture in Canada, 
Centennial Medal from the Canadian Gov- 
ernment and the Arnold Brunner Award 
from the American Society of Arts and 
Letters, Professor Emeritus of the School 
of Architecture of University of Toronto 
— he is living up to his goal. 


Nominations for the award of ‘‘Hon- 
orary Member of Scarborough College”’ 
should be submitted to Principal D.R. 
Campbell by Friday, May 18 in order 
that the advisory committee may consider 
them before the next meeting of College 

The objective of this award is to 
honour, within the community of Scar- 
borough College, those persons who have 
contributed substantially to the life and 
development of the College. Persons in 
the following categories are eligible: 

(a) ex-members of staff, both aca- 
demic and non-academic, 

(b) graduates of at least one year’s 

(c) non-members (and who have 
never been members). 

Nominations should include a brief 
statement indicating the contribution ma- 
de by the nominee to the life and develop- 
ment of the College and should bear the 
signatures of at least two members of the 


MON. MAY 14 — Council Chamber, 
9:30 a.m. Meeting of The Computer 

WED. MAY 16 — S-229, 2:00 p.m. 
Biochemistry Seminar. Dr. A.M. Hill, 
Clinical Research Institute of Montreal, 
University of Montreal, will speak on 

“Effect of aldosterone on ribosomal pro-. 
tein phosphorylation in rat kidney cortex”’. 

Council Chamber, 3:00 p.m. Meeting 

of the Awards and Admissions Committee. 

Council Chamber, 9:30 a.m. Open meet- 
ing of the Committee on Standing to con- 
sider 3rd and 4th year marks. 

THURS. MAY 17 — Council Chamber, 
10:00 a.m. Meeting of the General 
Policy Committee. 

WED. MAY 23 — Council Chamber, 2:00 
p.m. Meeting of the Scarborough College 


gave a talk entitled ‘“‘The Cohort Method 
of Collecting Age Data: A Modification” 
at the annual meeting of the Population 

Association of America, in New Orleans 
on April 25. 

bout Scarborough College to the North 
Scarborough Rotary Club on April 18. 


House or apartment wanted from 
May 15 or June 1 to July 31 for visiting 
professor with wife and two children 
(2 1/2 and 1/2 years). Contact via 
Professor J.M. Perz, 284-3147; 291-8316. 


House for rent in Wolfville N.S. 
(Acadia University) for one or two mon- 
ths, June and July. Contact via Professor 
J.M. Perz, 284-3147; 291-8316. 


Monday, June 4 is the day that 
graduating Scarborough College students 
convocate. Presenting of degrees will 
take place at 10:30 a.m. in Convocation 
Hall (main campus), followed by a recep- 
tion at the College at 3:30 p.m. — in the 
valley if the weather permits. 

All faculty members are requested to 


May 14 - 24, Monday to Thursday, 
the bookstore will be open from 8:45 
a.m. to 8:30 p.m. On Fridays, the hours 
will be 8:45 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. 

Then, starting on Monday, May 28, 
the bookstore will be open till 8:30 p.m. 
on Mondays and Wednesdays one week 
and Tuesdays and Thursdays the alternate 
week, till mid August. 


A booklet on day care facilities has 
been compiled and copies are available in 
S-407 (reception desk to the Office of 
the Principal). The booklet contains the 
following information: general regulat- 
ions, suggestions on how to choose a 
nursery or day care centre and specific 
information on facilities available in east- 
ern Toronto. 

There is also available in S-407 a 
booklet on the nursery schools in Toronto. 


Number 32 pa 


by Ross W. Flowers 

In an earlier edition of the Bulletin, 
| briefly outlined the philosophies which 
would largely determine the scope and 
direction that Students’ Council will take 
in 1973-74. One of those philosophies 
was services. 

While there have been attempts made 
in the past to provide services to the 
students at the College, we feel that our 
committment is greater to this very im- 
portant aspect of Council’s responsibilities. 
This committment will develop in two 

First, we will be providing a wide 
range of activities and services — much 
wider than has even been considered be- 
fore. These will include the creation of a 
small speciality store (along the lines of 
the Hart House Tuck Shop); the establish- 
ment of a literary magazine at the College 
(similar in quality to the Innis Magazine, 
WRIT); a free phone outside of the Cou- 
ncil offices, prohibiting long distance use; 
creation of a typing room for persons 
who don’t have a typewriter and the for- 
mation of acentralized typing service for 

—— = 

COLLEGE 239)..5°°) 

May 25, 1973 

<—— 4 

individuals who are willing to pay for 
typed material. We will also be operating 
an improved Pub and Coffee Shop, ex- 
panded newspaper and more effectively- 
run used-bookstore. A special speaker’s 
program and the sponsorship of one or 
two small conferences has also been dis- 
cussed as areas where we are likely to 
develop. While none of the services 
which have been mentioned have been 
formally accepted by the Council, there 
has been serious consideration given to 
each of them by Council members. 

Second, to a much larger degree 
than has been attempted in the past, we 
will promote our services to the entire 
College community. Normally we shall 
take an unrestricted access attitude toward 
our services unless it becomes evident 
that students are being prohibited from 
using such facilities due to unconscious 
monopolisation of these services by others. 

The fulfillment of the services aspect 
of Students’ Council’s responsibilities will, 
| hope, encourage greater community 
interaction and spirit within the College. 

by R.E. Dengler 

The College grounds and adjoining 
parks offer a variety of habitats in which 
birds and other animals and plants live 
out all or part of their lives. With spring 
fever upon us, many in the College and 
the community expressed an interest in 
exploring the flora and fauna of the cam- 
pus as a group. Two weeks ago, to help 
bring those of similar interests together, 
Paul Catling, an assistant curator of the 
herbarium on the St. George campus, 
was invited to give a talk at the College 
entitled “Getting to Know the Birds’. 
Over two dozen people attended this 
fascinating and well illustrated talk. 

Apparently not all bird watchers are 
crazy, and many through their collection 
of migration and nesting data and through 
their activities in conservation groups, 
make valuable contributions in areas no 
longer of principal concern to professional 
ornithologists. Most of the talk dealt 
with the enjoyment to be had in birding, 
to the perplexities of field indentification 
of birds, and to the opportunities the 
birder has to appreciate many other as- 
pects of the outdoors. 

Those seriously interested in birding 
and conservation should look into joining 
the Federation of Ontario Naturalists 
and/or the Toronto Field Naturalists’ 
Club. Those interested in after lunch 
bird walks at the College, keep your eyes 
Open for announcements in the corridor 
outside the cafeteria. 

by W.C. Graham 

| won’t try to tell you why you 
should attend the College’s Convocation 
on june 4th. I will only try to indicate 
why someone who is an anarchist has 
attended every Convocation so far (and 
will be sorry to miss this year’s). 

I’ve heard it said that one should 
attend such an event so that the College 
will be well represented, or because the 
families of the graduating students expect 
and appreciate it. And these may be the 
best reasons, but I attend (i) because the 
Convocation is the only ritual (ceremonial) 
occasion of the College year and (ii) be- 
cause it is an inadequate ritual occasion. 
| think many people feel, as | do, that 
Convocations in their present form are 
out of date and useless formalities. But 
they are the only academic festivals we 
now have, alas. And festivals are import- 
ant to social institutions because of what 
can be called their ‘‘sacramental”’ function: 
i.e., according to the archaic formula, 
they are outward signs of an inward life 
and as such are 
of the function, purpose, and place of 
such an institution in people’s lives. A 
convocation is a time to critically reflect 
on such things and on whether the instit- 
ution lives up to its purpose to fulfill 
people’s needs. 

Also, sacramentally, a lifeless ritual 
can serve to remind us that in the life of a 
college it isn’t the hierarchical relations of 
rank, grading, etc., nor the authoritarian 
relations of command that are important, 
but the self-chosen, orderly, rational, hu- 
mane cooperation, mutual aid, support 
and assistance between people. The 
hierarchy and authority could be given up. 
These others couldn’t. 

important to remind us 


The following articles will describe 
the ways in which various faculty mem- 
bers plan to spend their research leaves. 

lish) will be spending his research leave 
in England, where he will begin work ona 
book investigating the response to certain 
19th and 20th Century English writers to 
their sense of loosening of communal 
ties. Wordsworth, Hardy, Edward Thomas, 
and D.H. Lawrence and perhaps other 
writers will be dealt with. 

will be spending his research leave mostly 
in Toronto but will be taking a two- 
month trip to Italy and probably to 
Israel during the summer of 1974. He will 
be working mostly on the St. George 
Campus to: 

i) finish off some work which is in various 
stages of completion - principally work 
on Roman History derived from this 
thesis; this work will then be ready for 

ii) do some exploratory work on a num- 
ber of topics in Roman Cultural History 
with a view to opening up some new 
lines of inquiry, such as Roman Religion 
and related work in Jewish and early 
Christian topics, 

iii) continue his study of Hebrew, prob- 
ably by sitting in on a second level course 
in Modern Hebrew and working on Bib- 
lical Hebrew by himself, 

iv) undertake an extensive reading pro- 
gramme in Greek and Latin. 

while on leave next year, will remain in 
Toronto to develop his interest in issues 
raised by the question of “‘the mission of 
the university”, by working at OISE in 
two areas: the sociology of the future, 

with special reference to alternative ed- 
ucational futures; instructional develop- 
ment in the Arts and Science faculty, and 
its implications particularly for curriculum 
design and faculty career development. 

Fat sun crowned with spikes 
grins comic-wide 
on wall-papered room. Rubbed 
out by mood 
blinks bleary-eyed and red 
like the juice 
of many cocktails coalesced into light. 
It’s hard to hold god in an unearthly 
The gods that grow on apple trees 
are lived with and eaten. 
Goddesses grown weary step off their 
| swear by the tub light 

and live by the moon. 



TUES. MAY 29 — 2:00 p.m., room 308, 
Dr. Ross Nazar of the Cancer Centre, 
Baylor College of Medicine will be speak- 
ing on “Structural analysis of mammalian 
ribosomal ribonucleic acid and its pre- 

WED. MAY 30 — Council Chamber, 
9:30 am. Open meeting of the Com- 
mittee on Standing to consider 1st and 
2nd year marks. 

THURS. MAY 31 — Durham College 
Lecture Theatre, 8:00 p.m. Admission 
$1.00. John Bulloch, President of the 
Canadian Federation of Independent Bus- 
inessmen, will discuss ‘‘The Future of the 
Small Businessman’. 

MON. JUNE 4 — Convocation Hall, 10:30 
a.m., Convocation. Reception at Scar- 
borough College, 3:30 p.m. 


The bookstore’s summer hours, as 
mentioned in the last issue of the Bulletin, 
have been changed as follows: starting on 
Monday, May 18th, the Bookstore will 
be open till 8:30 p.m. on Mondays and 
Tuesdays one week and Wednesdays and 
Thursdays the alternate week, till mid- 


The library hours during summer 
school will be as follows: 

8:45 a.m. to 10:00 p.m., Monday 

to Thursday, 

8:45 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. on Friday, 

closed on weekends. 


PROFESSOR M.G. EFRAN (Psychology) 
delivered a paper on interpersonal attract- 
ion and nonverbal communication: The 
effect of nonverbally communicated atti- 
tude similarity on two measures of attrac- 
tion at the annual meeting of the Mid- 
western Psychological Association, in Chi- 
cago on May Ist. 

PROFESSOR J.S. MOIR (History) gave 
an illustrated address to the Annual Din- 
ner Meeting of the York Pioneer and 
Historical Society, on 1st May, on “‘Hist- 
orical Preservation and Reconstruction 
Behind the Iron Curtain’. : 

FLAVIO HABAL, a former student at 
Scarborough College and now a graduate 
student of Pathology in the Faculty of 
Medicine, has won two awards in a con- 
tinent-wide competition for student med- 
ical research: second prize in the Mead 
Johnson open award and first prize in the 
James W. McLaughlin Award for excellence 
in his speciality — immunology. 

Mr. Habal is working on the way in 
which tissue reacts to injury or any gross 
physical shock, such as _ inflammation, 
asthma, Open heart surgery, etc. His 
work has affirmed the sequence in which 
various chemical “messengers” are relea- 
sed into the blood stream to limit the 
effects of injury and to reassert the normal 
state of equilibrium in the body’s chem- 
ical activity. 



Pickering Village, 3 acres, idylic set- 
ting, treed, stream, secluded. Mid-June to 
mid-December. For quiet couple; furn- 
ished, fireplace. One mile from shopping 
centre. $250.00 per month. Phone 






Number 33 

by Erik Schwimmer 

This is the first of a series of brief 
travel notes about an anthropological ex- 
pedition to New Guinea which is largely 
a Scarborough College contribution to 
knowledge. Whether anything will act- 
ually be contributed to knowledge is, at 
this stage, entirely uncertain. 

The principal investigator is Dr. Erik 
Schwimmer. The rest of the team com- 
prises Tom Barker and Susan Rogers, 
both Scarborough graduates, and Marta 
Rohatynskyi who will be known to many 
students at Scarborough as a teaching 
assistant in anthropology. An adoptive 
member of the party is Dr. Abe Ross 
(Psychology) who is on a year’s leave to 
explore New Guinea and do studies on 

The research programme is called the 

Papuan Regional Communications Project. 

It will operate in an area between Mount 
Lamington and the Owen Stanley range, 
where there are several small tribes, speak- 
ing a diversity of languages and linked, in 
the past, by relations of endemic warfare, 
and - both in the past and today - by a 
web of individual friendship, trade and 


LIBRARY June 8, 1973 

Each member of the 

marriage relations. 
team will study one of these tribes. Dr. 
Schwimmer will return to Scarborough in 
September but the others will stay for an 
additional year. 

So far, the party has got as far as 
Canberra, Australia, where it is being sub- 
jected to a two-week course in the local 
lingua franca, Hiri Motu. This is given at 
a vast campus largely devoted to graduate 
and research work and financed entirely 
by the Federal Government - the Australian 
National University. There is nothing 
comparable in Canada, though the idea of 
a Canadian National University might weli 
be worth pondering. It is not a leisurely 
place - our programme includes 7 1/2 
hours in a language laboratory each day 
and we are given at least three hours 
homework each night - written work to 
be handed in next morning and a little 
test each morning to make sure we aren’t 
slacking. We mostly start work at 6:00 
a.m. and go on to 11:00 p.m. (we relax 
for one half hour at the bar in our res- 
idential college). 

When we are in New Guinea we shall 
let you know more about our experiences. 

by Chantal Jennings 

Images of women in French literature 
(HUM B 42 F) 

Our culture, of which literature is a 
part, makes certain assumptions about 
men and women and assigns each sex 
certain roles and certain behavioural pat- 
terns. Male writers, in particular, use 
female characters as stereotypes (wife, 
mother, sex object, etc.), endow them 
with mythical significance (the witch, the 
saint, the shrew, etc.), idealise or denigrate 
them systematically, or do both con- 
currently, with the result that they have 
contributed in shaping the strictly regu- 
lated code of behaviour set for each sex, 
which still directs our lives today. Some- 
times, it is true, writers have revolted 
against it, as in the case of Genet. Writers 
therefore, either by their reflection of 
reality or by their departure from it, 
have helped form our present ideas on 
non-physiological differences between the 
sexes, ON women in general, and on their 
societal role. 

An analysis of literary works, not 
only based on literature, but also on 
sociology, anthropology and psychoanalysis 
should permit us to discover and make an 
inventory of these myths and stereotypes 
assigned to women, and should help us 
understand why and in what form they 
are stili used in our society, and what 
function they serve. In both courses 
there willbe a few lectures on the role and 
status of women in certain key periods 
of the development of French literature, 
and in both courses the material will be 
organized thematically. Generally the 
first course will be devoted to the study 
and discussion alternatingly of The Second 

Sex, the theoretical and feminist book by 
Simone de Beauvoir, and of literary works 
by prominent male authors from the 17th 
century to the present, with an emphasis 
on the 19th and 20th centuries. For 
example, the discussion of de Beauvoir’s 
chapters on prostitution or motherhood 
will be followed respectively by the read- 
ing and analysis of Zola’s Nana and of 
Mauriac’s Genitrix, two novels which ill- 
ustrate these respective themes. In both 
courses reading will be done in English 
unless the student has a good background 
in French. 

Women’s consciousness in French litera- 
ture (HUM B 43 S) 

To a large extent female writers, 
like male writers, seem to have used in 
their works stereotypes and myths about 
women, thus espousing, in appearance, 
the dominant ideology of our society. 
Such themes as love, marriage, and senti- 
mental stories occupy a major place in 
many of their works. Authors have some- 
times adopted a plaintive voice to express 
themselves. Still one should not be mis- 
lead by apparent conformism and should 
keep in mind that, by the very fact that 
they are professional writers, these women 
are transgressing the laws that govern the 
code of conduct for persons of their sex. 
In this light, the apparent conformity of 
the content of their works seems but a 
means used to delude the reader into 
thinking that they adhere to a code of 
manners they do not really believe in, 
since they are in fact revolting against its 
rules. This and the process of sociali- 
zation, which works on everyone, account 

for the apparent contradiction between 
the sentimental content of many of their 
works and the often audacious outcries of 
injustice and calls for equality with which 
their works are strewn (see Sand or Colette 
for instance). Their actural departure from 
the standard code of conduct sometimes 
takes on a subtle and discreet form, as in 
the case of Mme de La Fayette, and is 
sometimes accompanied by a partial or 
total rejection, either real or imaginary, 
of our life style, as is the case for several 
more recent writers. 

The subjective insight which major 
female writers from the 17th century to 
the present, with an emphasis on the 20th 
century, have had of the female condit- 
ion and of the place of the female writer 
in society will permit us to study their 
works as a testimony of and as a reflection 
on women’s position in their society and 
allow us to investigate the conscious or 
unconscious ways devised by their female 
characters or by themselves to cope with 
or revolt against various forms of institu- 
tional oppressions imposed upon them. 
An awareness of their condition is evident 
in all the authors studied, but a chrono- 
logical approach to their work will bring 
forth a gradual evolution from a negative 
self destructive attitude to an assertive 
or even aggressive stance. Other concepts 
related to the female condition such as 
romantic love or the classical idea of 
femininity will also be analysed and dis- 




Martin Robb was made the first 
honorary member of Scarborough Col- 
lege at the Convocation Reception on 
Monday, June 4. 

Mr. Robb worked many years for 
and with the students and faculty of the 
University of Toronto. He spent 26 
years on the Security Force of the St. 
George Campus, 11 years as a P.C., and 
15 years as Chief. He retired from this 
position in June of 1966, and although 
he was at that time well past retire- 
ment age, he started at Scarborough 
College as Chief of Security and remained 
in this capacity until August of 1970. 

The students of the College, unwill- 
ing to see Mr. Robb leave the University, 
requested that he join the Scarborough 
College Student Society as a group co- 
ordinator and student/staff liaison. Mr. 
Robb worked with the S.C.S.S. until 
late 1971, when he was forced to resign 
due to reasons of ill health. 



Governor General’s Silver Medal — 
Mr. Paul Allen Corby 
1973 Prize in Humanities — 
Mr. Paul Allen Corby 
1973 Prize in Science — 
Mr. Jay Bruce Lennox 
1973 Prize in Social Sciences — 
Miss Danuta M. Marchewicz 


JUNE 11 and 12 — Faculty Lounge, 
Scarborough College, 8:15 p.m. to 9:00 
p.m. Coffee party for summer students. 

JUNE 13 and 14 — Faculty Lounge, 
Durham College, 8:15 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. 
Coffee party for summer students. 



Starting July 1, the writing labora- 
tory will be open on Tuesdays and Wed- 
nesdays from 3-7 p.m. during the summer 
(except for the second week in July). 
Mrs. B. Corben, the Director, is in room 
R-5223, call 284-3369. 


Professor W.C. Graham (Philosophy) 
will be working in the Seminar Fur Klass- 
ische Philologie und Antike Philosophie 
at the University of Berne, Switzerland, 
after a brief stay in Freiberg, Germany. 
His principal research interest there will 
be pre-Socrates philosophy. He will have 
another research project simultaneously 
in the field of political philosophy, speci- 
fically anarchism. 

Professor Marilyn Smith (Psychology), 
will be spending her research leave at 
U.C.L.A. doing research on human mem- 
ory and cognition. 

Professor A.S. Ross (Psychology) will 
be spending his research leave in New 
Guinea doing work on perception. 

Professor A. Thomas (English) will 
be spending part of his research leave in 
England doing research in various libraries 
towards completion of a book on Vict- 
orian Literature of Social Investigation. 



In the coming months, most faculty 
members will be attending conferences in 
their disciplines. | would appreciate 
receiving from those who are giving papers 
the title of the address and the date and 
place where it was delivered. 



Number 34 

by Bronwyn Drainie, Student Servic 

Each summer the new students who 
have been admitted to the College are 
asked to come in in person to the Student 
Office to discuss their choice of courses 
for first year. They also have an opport- 
unity on this visit to enquire about 
financial aid and residences, to have a 
look (often for the first time) at Scarb- 
orough College, and to discuss any quest- 
ions they might have about university 

The students we see are becoming 
demonstrably more cynical each year 
about the value of a BA or BSc degree. 
The highly-motivated ones, in ever-increas- 
ing numbers, are setting their sights on 
the professions: medicine, dentistry, law, 
accounting and social work. This latter 
profession seems to be attracting many 
students who, under more favorable cir- 
cumstances, would prefer to become teac- 
hers. However, there is still a distressingly 
large number of new students who plan 
to head for teaching careers in spite of 
the current employment situation. 

The students who hope to apply 
for dentistry or medicine have chosen, 
for the most part, the correct Grade 
XIII prerequisites. This year for the 
first time, we are enquiring about their 



June 22, 1973 

marks in mathematics courses, and they 
are generally low (under 70%). Very few 
of them have taken the full complement 
of Grade XIII math courses. 

Apart from these science students, 
most of the new admittees seem to be 
offering a high proportion of the more 
novel, less traditional Grade XIII subjects: 
Home Economics, Sociology, Economics, 
Man in Motion (Physiology? ), Accounting, 
Music. It remains to be seen whether a 
large number of such courses are adequate 
preparation for many of our first year 

Two final notes, one good and one 
bad. On the plus side, a larger number 
of the students who have arrived on our 
doorstep because of the crowding on the 
St. George campus are taking it with good 
grace and seem to indicate at least an 
initial enthusiasm for Scarborough Col- 

On the minus side, an alarmingly 
large number of the students we have 
seen this year display great apathy and 
inertia towards the whole idea of a 

university education. They cannot see 
any ‘‘point” to it in terms of getting a 
job, and therefore they seem incapable of 
seeing any point to it all. Many do not 

even take the trouble to read over the 
offerings in the calendar before coming 
in to choose their course, preferring to 
leave the course selection up to the 
counsellors who will hopefully, magically, 
plan “useful!” programmes for them. ° 

by Ross W. Flowers, President 

In an earlier edition of the Bulletin, 
1 discussed in some detail the emphasis 
the 1973-74 Students’ Council will place 
on student services. In this edition I will 
briefly discuss the other major area which 
shall receive our attention, and might be 
referred to as ‘‘quasi-political”’. 

Unfortunately, in the last few years 
the Students’ Council has either opted 
out of any discussions of ‘‘quasi-political”’ 
matters, or it has been represented by 
individual members on College Council 
without formal Students’ Council debate 
of the issues at hand. We hope that this 
practice will end. Matters of College or 
University importance shall receive con- 
siderable attention by our Council. Asa 
result, when a member of Students’ Cou- 
ncil articulates a position on a matter 
before the College Council, the position 
will be more representative of and thus, 
we hope, strongly supported by the stu- 
dent body. 

Some of the quasi-political areas 
which shall be discussed during the year 
will include the question of student aid 
and how it relates to the particular prob- 
lems of Scarborough College students in 
the credit system, how are the academic 
standards of the College being served in 
relation to our admission requirements; 
and what disciplinary code and structure 
will exist at the College given the rest- 

rictions imposed on us by the Governing 

There are, of course, many other 
matters which will from time to time 
require our consideration. | feel that 
through this active concern the student 
body will obtain a greater degree of input 
into matters at the College than they have 
had in the past. As a result I can foresee 
the rapid emergence of a College com- 
munity which is highly communicative 
through increased interaction about all 
matters . at all levels. 

at Scarborough College 

Informal walks in the valley behind 
the College are scheduled for Tuesdays 
and Thursdays for the remainder of June, 
and early July. Walks will start at the 
sundial at 12:30 p.m. Bring binoculars 
for birds. 




“That will be a sort of non-course’”’, 
another classicist remarked to me when 
| was describing my course on women in 
ancient Greece to be offered next year. 
I knew what he meant, though he was 
quite wrong. He was referring to the fact 
that in the Greek world when epic and 
tragedy, history and philosophy, science 
and art flourished, the contributors of 
note were, with one exception, male. We 
know of no women playwrights, no act- 
resses, no women who held political 
office. According to the commonly 
accepted view, women kept house, both 
in the sense of looking after their domestic 
responsibilities and in the sense of staying 
indoors. We are informed that Athenian 
women in particular lived in seclusion, 
eating separately from their husbands 
and sharing very little with them, except 
their bed. Yet the pages of Greek litera- 
ture are filled with unforgettable port- 
raites of women: Helen, Penelope, Phaedra, 
Electra, Clytemnestra. Nor are these 
women all meek, self-effacing wives with- 
out ability or ambition. One of the puzzles 
of ancient Greece is this apparent dis- 
crepancy between literature and life. 

In this course we expect to look 
at the evidence of history and literature, 
representations of women in art, and the 
role of women in religion. We shall 
attempt to piece together a picture of 
what it was like to be a Greek woman, in 
the different city states and at different 
times. In addition, we shall look for 
indications of discontent, which may be 
expressed or implied with the position 
of women. 

A non-course? Not from my point 
of view. 

Eleanor Irwin 


Starting on Wednesday, July 4 there 
will be a series of weekly concerts (and 
possibly the occasional play) in the Meet- 
ing Place until mid-August. The _per- 
formances will start at 12:30 p.m. and 
will be approximately 1 hour in length. 

The first concert will feature Norman 
Hacking, a former student of Scarborough 
College (B.A., 1972 in English). Mr. 
Hacking, mostly a song writer, does per- 
form some of his own work and _ is 
presently recording an album of his songs. 



| would like to express, on behalf 
of the Scarborough high school men and 
women’s Physical Education Departments, 
our thanks to Scarborough College for 
the reception you have given many of our 
high school students this year. Mr. Taimo 
Pallandi and his entire staff have afforded 
us the opportunity to see, use and appre- 
ciate the athletic facilities available to 
students of Scarborough College and they 
have made every effort to make us feel at 

Our staff and students welcome these 

Opportunities and as aresult can appreciate 

the many things that Scarborough College 
has to offer. 

W.C. Campbell, Co-ordinator, 
Physical and Health Education. 


gave invited seminars at Queens College, 
City University of New York and at 
Cleveland State University on “A Mod- 
ified Version of the Quark Model’. The 
‘quark’ is a postulated constituent of a 
proton or a neutron or other elementary 
particle. So far, physicists have been un- 
able to find out what is inside it — hence 
the word ‘elementary’. Perhaps one day 
these particles will also appear to be 
elementary in the ‘my dear Watson’ sense. 

PROFESSOR P.W. GOOCH (Philosophy) 
attended the meetings of the Canadian 
Philosophical Association and the Classical 
Association of Canada at Queen’s Univer- 
sity, and on June 6, 1973 read to a session 
of the latter association a paper titled 
“Gregory Vlastos on the Socratic Denial 
of Acrasia’’. 

If anyone cares to know what that’s 
about, he can ask Professor Gooch about 
Viastos on Socrates. 

PROFESSOR M.G. EFRAN (Psychology) 
delivered a paper entitled “Violations of 
personal space: Toward a theory of 
crowding and stress’’ on June 7, at a 
symposium on current developments in 
environmental psychology at the Annual 
meeting of the Canadian Psychological 
Association in Victoria, B.C. 

nomy) presented a paper at the 4th 
Annual Space Symposium at C.R.E.S.S. 
(Centre for Research in Experimental 
Space Science) at York University on 
Wednesday, June 6th. It was titled ‘A 
Proposal to Look at Nearby Quasars in 
the Ultraviolet’. 


May/June — 7:30 a.m. to 9:15 a.m., 
10:30 a.m. to 11:00 a.m., 
12:00 noon to 2:00 p.m., 

3:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. 

July/August — 7:30.a.m. to 5:00 p.m. 


On Friday, June 29 the College will 
be closed in order to give Scarborough 
College personnel an opportunity to part- 
icipate with the Borough community to 
mark the opening of the Scarborough 

Civic Centre by Her Majesty the Queen. 


Starting on Tuesday, July 3 the 
summer closing time of 4:30 p.m. will 
begin. Normal 5:00 p.m. closing will 
resume on Tuesday, September 4. 



TUES. JUNE 26 — Council Chamber, 
10:00 a.m. Meeting of the College 
Services Committee 

TUES. JULY 4 — Meeting Place, 12:30 
p.m. Concert of folk music by Norman 




Number 35 


This year marks a watershed in the 
practice of hiring students by the Prin- 
cipal’s office. For the first time, at 
least to my knowledge, specific projects 
have been assigned to the students hired 
for the summer. My particular assignment 
is to seek donations from private industry, 
primarly those in the Borough, in order 
to help offset the cost of furnishing the 
new student housing complex. 

The prospective donors will receive 
a letter from the Principal before being 
approached by myself. In return for the 
company’s donation of either $286 (single 
bedroom), $460 (double bedroom) ,$1289 
(four person unit) or $1502 (six person 
unit), the firm will receive the usual tax 
exemption for the donation, as well as a 
special commemorative plaque. The pla- 
que, to be located in the room or living- 
room area, would indicate, for example 
“The furnishings of this room were don- 
ated bya, Company”’. 

At present, the response from the 
firms which have received the Principal’s 
letter has not been overly enthusiastic. 

However, | am personally optimistic that 
sufficient funds can be found by this 
method to offset in the neighbourhood 
of 50-60% of the expense incurred initially 
by the College for the furniture. If anyone 
has any suggestions, | would appreciate 
hearing from you. 

Ross W. Flowers 
President, Students’ Council 


On Tuesday, July 17, there will be 
counselling sessions for students planning 
to take fall and spring courses at Scar- 
borough College and Durham College. In 
the Meeting Place from 12:00 to 3:00 p.m. 
and from 6:00 to 9:30 p.m., faculty 
representatives from each discipline will 
be available to discuss informally the 
courses presently offered and those that 
could be offered in the future. 

For the convenience of those who 
will be coming in the evening, the cafe- 
teria willl be open for dinner. Also, coffee 
will be served during the evening session. 

. wee, 



The bicycle pathway, presently in 
use throughout Scarborough, has been 
extended to pass through College grounds. 
The pathway, shown by the heavy broken 
lines in the drawing, will be constructed 
by the Metropolitan Parks and Recreation 
Authority on the north side of Highland 
Creek from Morningside to west of the 
barn near the Principal’s residence. At 
that point a small bridge will carry the 
pathway over the creek and it will con- 
tinue on the south side to Colonel Dan- 
forth Park. 


The following is a correction of an 
earlier announcement concerning hours of 
operation for July and August. 

The regular hours will be from 7:30 
a.m. to 4:00 p.m. A limited evening ser- 
vice will be provided from Monday through 
Thursday from 4:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. 
from July 3rd to August 9th to meet the 
requirements related to the summer even- 
ing courses. 

Hat | 
Widest reef 
(meee means 


Professor Gerhard Herzberg, the 1971 
Nobel Prize winner in Chemistry, has 
agreed to give the Watts Memorial Lecture 
in February 1974. ¢ 


Professor Herzberg was born on Dec- 
ember 25, 1904 in Hamburg, Germany 
and earned a Dr. Ing. at Darmstadt Inst. 
Tech. in 1928. He has been on the staff 
of the following institutions: University 
of Bristol (England), 1929-30; Darmstadt 
Inst. Tech. 1930-35; University of Sask- 
atchewan, 1935-45; Yerkes Observatory, 
University of Chicago, 1945-48; NRC, 
Ottawa since 1948. From 1955 .to 1970, 
he was the Director of the Division of 
Pure Physics at NRC. 

His research has been concerned with 
atomic and molecular spectroscopy. Alo- 
ng with his associates, he determined the 
structure of many free radicals. He also ( 
successfully applied spectroscopic studies 
to the identification of certain molecules 
in planetary atmospheres, comets and 
interstellar space. 



A conference is being planned for 
May 1974 ona probe of media theory and 
practice using the whole of Metro Toronto 
as a means of interfacing and developing 

The conference on Visual Literacy, 
an organization initiated to extend the 
limits of a print-dominated world to in- 
clude all media literacy, will sponsor the 
chairman is Alderman Colin Vaughan of 
Metro Toronto, Sister Bede Sullivan of 
Seneca College, Vic Whatton, Ministry of 
Education, Earl Rosen, freelance media 
producer, Philip Nixon OECA, Gray Cav- 
anuagh Ministry of Education and York 
University department of Continuing Ed- 

Film, televison, rapid transit planning 
architecture for people, theatre, print and, 
graphics etc. will be but part of the areas 
to be involved. 

If anyone is interested in being part 
of an exciting, innovative convention app- 
roach, please contact Rick Rigelhof, gra- 
phics and photography department, room 
R-3226 or : local 3328. 


The Bookstore has been moved from 
its former location at the main entrance 
to Portable no. 5 or room S-360. (The 
portables are at the end of the S-wing). 


The June Monthly Review. of the 
Council of Ontario Universities announce: 
the establishment of a joint COU/CUA 
Program for Instructional Development 
to be directed by Dr. H.M. Good ot 
Queen’s University. ‘‘The aim of the 
program is to assist individual faculty 
members in Ontario universities and the 
universities themselves in improving the 
effectiveness and efficiency of their in 
structional processes. No approach con: 
sistent with this aim - whether concerned 
with the contribution of students, the 
organization of teacher time, the demands 
of research and administration, or the use 
of technical devices such as TV or com. 
puters - is regarded as outside the scope 
of the program’’. 

An office will be set up ‘‘to provide 
a liaison between various projects sup: 
ported by the program and between the 
Ontario universities and instructional dev- 
elopment programs in other jurisdictions 
It will also organize such study sessions 
and conferences as may be needed to 
develop priorities and guidelines for studies 
and experiments in Ontario’. 

Individuals or groups in the College 
who are interested in contributing to the 
work of the program and/or in applying 
for financial support for development pro- 
jects, are invited to contact John Kirkness, 
Chairman of G.P.’s Subcommittee or 
Instructional Developmeni. 


PROFESSOR A. GRIFFIN (Physics) pre- 
sented 2 papers at the Annual Congress 
of the Canadian Association of Physicists 
held at the University of Montreal, June 
18-21. They were “Surface Plasmon Dis- 
persion in the Case of Diffuse Scattering” 
and ‘‘The Static Surface Spin Suscepti- 
dility of Almost-Ferromagnetic Systems’’. 

PROFESSOR K. DION (Psychology) del- 
ivered a symposium paper entitled * Phy- 
sical attractiveness as a social cue’’ at the 
Canadian Psychological Association Con- 
vention in Victoria, B.C., in early June. 

?ROFESSOR P.}]. O’DONNEL (Physics) 
while on leave at the Department of 
Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Phy- 
sics, University of Cambridge, England, 
presented a paper entitled ‘‘Vector Dom- 
inance, PCAC and the Asymptotic values 
of Scaling Functions,’ at the following 

Dept. of Applied Mathematics and 

Theoretical Physics, Cambridge on 

February 6; 

Dept. of Natural Philosophy, Glas- 
gow University on February 13; 

Dept. of Mathematics, Durham Un- 
iversity on February 27; 

Dept. of Physics, University of South- 
ampton on March 9; 

Mathematical Institute, University 
of Kent, Canterbury on April 27; 

Daresbury Nuclear Physics Lab, on 
May 14; 

“Triangle Meeting” Institut fur The- 
oretische Physik der Universitat Wien, 
May 21-22. 

(Biology) were guests at Tufts University 
on June 10-11 to discuss studies on insect 
migration being carried out at this Univer- 
sity in. conjunction with other North 
American universities. 


TUES. JULY 10 — Meeting Place, 12:00 
noon. Concert featuring the York Winds. 
Everyone is welcome. 

TUES. JULY 17 — Meeting Place, 12:00 
to 3:00 p.m. and from 6:00 p.m. to 9:30 

p.m. Counselling sessions for students 

planning to take fall and spring courses at 
Scarborough College and Durham College. 

THURS. JULY 19 — Meeting Place, 12:30 
p.m. Concert featuring the Toronto Con- 
sort. Everyone is welcome. 


As of June 25, the enrolment in the 
summer sessions is as follows: 

Durham, evening - 102.0 FCE (full- 
course equivalents) 

Scarborough, evening - 379.5 FCE 
Scarborough, day - 426.5 FCE 

TOTAL - 908.0 FCE 

Last year’s summer ‘enrolments tot- 
aled to 510 FCE. 




Number 36 

by M. Bradshaw 

The Career Counselling Placement 
Centre of the University of Toronto has 
published a study, entitled “THE CLASS 
OF ’71 REVISITED”. The purpose of 
the study was to enquire into the post- 
graduate activities of the 1971 graduates. 

Of the 4,250 students graduating 
1,857 (44.5%) responded to the survey; 
of these graduates, 40.3% had four-year 
Bachelor’s degrees, 28.2% had three-year 
degrees, 5.8% had B.Ed.s, 20.7% had 
Masters’ and 5.0% had Doctorates. 60% 
of the respondents were males and 40% 
were females. 

The study reported that the average 
male graduate (M) and the average female 
graduate (F), having a Bachelor’s degree, 
was aS likely to continue his/her education 
immediately as to enter the job market. 
F was more likely to seek teacher training 
than M (44% versus 13%) and M was 
more likely than F to pursue post-grad- 
uate professional training (approximately 
3 to 1). 

52% of the graduates sought employ- 
ment rather than further training. 63% of 
them began their job search by March, 
1971 (half had started three months 
earlier, while nearly 20% did not begin 


July 20, 1973 

until after graduation). Most of them 
began work in the high “‘job start’”” months 
of May and September; 25% were without 
jobs after four months and 13% were 
still jobless after nine months. Two-thirds 
of the graduates submitted twelve or 
fewer applications before finding a job, 
while the remaining one-third had to 
make from thirteen to seventy-seven appli- 

50% of the female graduates pre- 
ferred to have a job in Metro Toronto; 
whereas, 63% of the males did not mind 
leaving Toronto, but half of them pre- 
ferred a city of at least 100,000 people. 
63% of the graduates found employment 
in Toronto and 7% in cities with popu- 
lations greater than 100,000. 80% of the 
graduates found their jobs on their own 
initiative; 20% of them took “‘Placement 
Centre-referred’”’ jobs. 

During their job-search period after 
graduation, family support was the main 
source of income for 36% of the graduates. 
Savings were the next most frequently 
used means, supporting 27% more of the 
Class of ’71 job-seekers. 


Basically, if M and F sought work 
diligently, they were quite likely to find 
jobs they wanted, when and where they 
wanted and the pay they wanted. How- 
ever, they were almost as likely to take 
further training as to seek work and an 
alarming 23% chance existed that, having 
sought jobs, they might be either un- 
employed (13%) or unhappily employed 
(10%) nine months after graduation. 

The Ministry of Colleges and Un- 
iversities has published a somewhat sim- 
ilar report on the 1971 and 1972 grad- 
uates of the Colleges of Applied Arts and 
_ Technology. It would be interesting to 
compare some of the data relating to the 
1971 graduates of University of Toronto 
and of the CAATs. (It should be noted 
that the University of Toronto report 
includes information to the end of Jan- 
uary, 1972; the CAAT survey ends with 
December 31st, 1971. The difference of 
the one month, particularly eight months 
after graduation, is probably not too great 
a discrepancy to allow comparisons to be 

The chart below shows the post- 
graduate activities of the 1971 graduates. 

U.of T. CAATS 
Employed 45% 78% 
Unemployed 7% 10% 
Continuing education 44% 11% 
Other 4% 1% 

Starting salaries for the U. of T. 
graduates, males and females, and for the 
CAAT graduates is shown below. 

U. of T. CAATS 
Starting Salaries M__F (M & F) 
Less than $5,000. 4% 16% 43% 
$5,000. to $6,500. 8% 18% 35% 
$6,500. to $9,000. 64% 49% 21% 
More than $9,000. 24% 17% 1% 
The job satisfaction is as follows: 
U.of T.* CAATS 
MF (M&F) 
Yes 48% 41% 78% 
No 22% 
Extremely dissatisfied 4% 10% 

*80% felt their job had potential. 

For anyone wishing to read the 
original reports, a copy of “The Class of 
'71 Revisited” is in the Student Services 
Office and the CAAT report can be 
borrowed from Marvi Bradshaw. 

by John H. Corbett 

It was with pleasure and some sur- 
prise that | recently received an invitation 
from the Curriculum Committee of the 
Division of Humanities to comment on the 
“unusually high” grades awarded in some 
of my courses last year, and on the con- 
cern which those grades caused in the 
College Committee on Standing. Perhaps 
a sensitive soul might have felt a rebuke 
implicit in this summons; but | was pleased 
to see some members of the College 
finally addressing themselves to the sub- 
ject of assessment, albeit in a rather 
indirect way. 
provided the extra incentive necessary 
for me to organize my thoughts on the 

In any case the summons 

subject of grades and grading and on the 
much more important question of assess- 
ment. This note will serve, | hope, as a 
brief indication of my thinking and per- 
haps as a stimulus to further discussion. 
| shall consider the question under the 
following headings: 

(i) concern with “grades” and the ‘‘met- 
hods of assessment’’ question. 

(ii) the ‘‘descriptive fallacy” and its con- 

(iii) teaching, 

and possible policy 

learning, and assessment 

When | first began teaching at the 
College the question of ‘“‘grades’’ was 
raised at one time only during the academic 
year—in spring. When it was time for the 
College to submit its ‘‘grades” to the 
appropriate higher authorities in the Un- 
iversity, all faculty were invited to con- 
sider final grades in a series of review 
meetings. Grades were then rather arbit- 
rarily adjusted to bring them into line 
with what was considered desirable (even 
though this was never clearly defined). 

In those days we could excuse our 
concern with ‘grades’ by referring to the 
wishes of a higher power. But even then, 
many members of the College were most 
dissatisfied with our procedures and our 
unstated policies. More than once the 
College Council considered radical revision 
of the current practice - even though such 
new proposals at that time were subject 
to the critical attention of the Faculty of 
Arts and Science as a whole. 

Almost as soon as the College won 
its curricular autonomy, work began on 
an extensive critical review of existing 
practices of assessment, with a view to 
forming policy for the future. As a part- 
icipant in that review, it pains me to 
recall the vast indifference with which our 

work was greeted among colleagues. One 
of the few positive results of that Com- 
mittee’s work was the impetus which it 
gave to the organization of Divisional 
Curriculum Committees and to the in- 
itiation of debate on some of these central 
policy questions in those committees and 
elsewhere. And yet, here we are once 
more with the question (1 might better 
say the ‘‘non-question’”) of grades and 
grade distribution within individual cou- 
rses. I, for one, am heartily sick of this 
old canard; | can only hope that we shall 
soon get down to the fundamental aca- 
demic and pedagogical questions which 
underly this obsession with grades. 

(ii) We should perhaps begin our dis- 
cussion of the assessment issue with some 
consideration of the “descriptive fallacy’”’, 
by which | mean the mistaken belief that 
an accurate ‘‘scientific’’ description of 
normal practice will free us from the 
trouble of defining a practice which we 
consider to be desirable in academic and 
human terms. Note, for instance, the 
final sentence on page 4 of the Principal's 
memo of 21 June 1973. 

“However, if our pattern of marks 
departs radically from the norm we should 
ask ourselves why this is the case and 
what effect this will have on students’. 

This ‘‘descriptive fallacy” is open to 
attack on two grounds, epistemological 

and ethical. First of all, do we have any 
adequate data on normal practice in 
grading: (i) is our base sufficiently 

broad to embrace a normal distribution 
of talent (supposing that such exists), 
(ii) is our data sufficiently detailed and 
accurate to reflect this normal distribution? 
It will not do for overall averages of 
“‘A’s” and ‘‘B’s”’ etc. to “look right’’ to 
our eyes; in this case we will simply be 
confirming our own prejudices. 


Much more important are the ethical 
assumptions implicit in this fallacy; once 
we have accurate knowledge of what con- 
stitutes ‘‘normal’’ practice we should sim- 
ply impose that model more or less rigor- 
ously on any class which we may be 
assessing. The human implications of 
this doctrine are monstrous, and altogether 
unworthy of an educational institution. 
But, note the intellectual weekness_ of 
such a view; we perceive what is “normal” 
in current practice and impose it on any 
given group; then we use that group as 
further evidence for normal practice - as 
obvious circularity, unworthy of a child. 
But, more important, what happens to the 
individual while this ‘‘sausage machine”’ 
of unquestioned assumptions and callous 
disregard of human identity and individ- 
uality rolls along, on its merry way? 

(iii) In place of this concern with “nor- 
mal” practice and with grades, | would 
like to offer a proposal centred on the 
individual student and teacher. 1! am 
proposing the following policy: 

(i) the College should abandon the pre- 
sent grading system of numerical and 
letter grades. 

(ii) in their place the College should 
adopt a ‘Pass’, ‘Fail’, ‘Pass with 
Honours’ system. j 

the College should give much more 
attention to individual curricula and 
courses of study and to formal and 
informal counselling programmes, 
even of a compulsory nature. 

the College should consider for the 
long range, the abandonment of cou- 
rse examinations or ‘final’? marks in 
courses and consider adopting in- 
stead a single formal assessment of 
each student at the end of his course 
of study. 

You may note that | have not 
referred to the ‘‘unusually high” grades 
awarded in my courses; | do not intend 
to do so. Not that | mean to imply that 
my “grades” are accurate and immune from 
criticism. Very much the reverse is the 
case; it was only with extreme reluctance 
and a bitter sense of the injustice which 
any grading system requires when applied 
to human beings that I assigned any grades 
to any student. ‘‘Grades’” may be a 
necessary evil (I do not myself believe 
it). Surely the real subject to which we 
should address ourselves is learning and 
the role which continous (self) assess- 
ment plays in learning. | cannot be con- 
vinced that formal public assessment of 
the sort required by “grading’’ systems is 
anything but a mindless, brutal and un- 
necessary depersonalization of individual 
human beings, and evil for those who 
receive “grades” and for those who award 
them alike. 


WED. JULY 25 — Council Chamber, 
10:00 a.m. General Policy meeting. 

WED. JULY 25 — Meeting Place, 12:30 
p.m. Concert featuring the Herbie Helbig 
Trio. Everyone is welcome. 

WED. AUG. 2 — Meeting Place, 12:30 
p.m. Concert featuring the Hart House 
Chamber Group. Everyone is welcome. 




Number 37 


As students enrolled in the Gibraltar 
Field Course offered by Scarborough Col- 
lege, we thought you would find it both 
interesting and helpful to be informed of 
the value and importance of this course. 

The course began, technically, July 1, 
but before this date we were given a 
military tour of the Rock of Gibraltar, 
arranged and conducted by Fortress Head- 
quarters. On this tour areas of study 
which pertained to our work were given 
special emphasis. Victor, our driver, 
demonstrated the guns facing Africa and 
Spain, the numerous batteries used during 
the two World Wars and the like. We 
were also given a talk on the history of 
the Rock, using the beautiful scale model 
of Gibraltar, constructed in the 1800’s, 
at Fortress Headquarters. As well as this, 
we were given a fairly detailed history of 
the people and their origins. From that 
point, we began the actual study of the 

Macaca sylvana, (the Gibraltar apes). 

The first requirement of the course 
necessitates us being on the study location 
(300 steep feet to walk! ) between 6:30 


August 3, 1973 

- 11:00 a.m. and 6:00 - 9:00 p.m. every 
day. The reason ‘for these hours is that 
these are the tourist-free times when the 
animals are most naturally active. Most 
mornings around 7:00 or 7:30 we receive 
a talk from Sgt. Holmes, Officer-in-charge 
of Apes. These talks contain the know- 
ledge he gained from his 18 years of 
experience in working with the apes. He 
has been most helpful and patient in 
teaching us the names, characteristics and 
behaviour patterns of every member of the 
troop (except for the new arrivals which 
being only a few weeks old all look the 
same to everyone! ). 

The four of us under the guidance of 
Dr. Burton are mainly interested in troop 
dynamics — the interactions of all troop 
members. Our situation is unique in that 
three adult males are sharing the leader- 
ship of the troop at this time; however, 
there is the possibility of them competing 
against one another for sole leadership. 
This being a rare situation in Gibraltar, 
we are specifically taking note of adult 
male interactions but not to the exclusion 
of other aspects. 

Another benefit of our study of a 
troop maintained for the tourists is that 
it gives a basis of comparison to the wild 
troop studied by Dr. Burton since 1970. 

Our experience in Gibraltar has made 
it possible to see theory in actual exis- 
tence. For us this has brought alive the 
lectures of the last few years. We find it 
to be a valuable lesson in the importance 
and necessity of field research in primate 
behaviour and other disciplines. 

Fortunately for us, Dr. Burton has 
introduced us to the amazing library here, 
which contains multitudes of original old 
manuscripts both fascinating and_ perti- 
nent to our study. In addition to this 
research, we are working with archives, 
museum specimens and military documents 
‘ating back to 1704. 

Gf course, we cannot exclude what 
we have gained as individuals from simply 
being here in Gibraltar, it being a port 
that draws a wide variety of peoples. 
Acquaintances are easily made; for exa- 
mple, the Minister of Tourism has 
asked us to judge a children’s fancy dress 
contest and attend the evening festivities 
of the annual fair. 

We all feel we will return to Canada 
competent diplomats: the combination 
of so many different nationalities often 
leads to situations that require us to take 
a constant non-political stance. Our 
affiliations with the University of Toronto 
and the British army demand that we be 
able to handle these situations with ut- 
most care. 

Marsha Cully 
Alison de Pelham 
Barbara Jones 
Rhonda Levine 


| have been informed that there has 
been a growing tendency for some people 
to consume alcohol at times and in areas 
of the College which are not covered by 
the licenses issued by the L.C.B.O. In- 
spectors visit the College from time to 
time, as they are entitled to do, to insure 

~ that.the terms of the licenses are being 

observed. I have learned that the award 
of future licenses may be prejudiced if we 
do not observe the regulations. We could 
lose our license privileges for 12 months! 

Thus, would you please ensure that 
you drink only in the regular areas speci- 
fied — Cafeteria, Pub, Faculty Dining 
Room — and on the days and at the times 
specified. (If a license has been issued 
for a special function, this will relate to a 
specific day and will clearly indicate the 
period during which alcohol can be served. 

and the area to which drinking is restricted). 

D.R. Campbell 

by Joan Pennings 


As one of the students who had the 
privilege to be taught by Professor John 
H. Corbett and finished with an ‘‘A”’ 
| think that some comments on What’s 
your Grade (July 20) are in order. 

As a part time student and mother 
of three children, to attend courses has to 
be fitted in between other ‘‘duties’’; so 
when I first contacted Professor Corbett 
about my particular situation he was 
understanding and sent me anything per- 
taining to the course by mail. (In all 


fairness other professors have done that 
too). He also made it known to me that, 
even though lectures are important, much 
of my particular course could be done by 
self-motivated study. I! was fortunate 
enough to attend many of the classes and 
saw the films pertaining to the course, 
which I thoroughly enjoyed. 

The enthusiasm displayed by Prof- 
essor Corbett for his discipline is one as | 
have seldom seen before and I am con- 
vinced that many students in my class 
agreed with me. I remember occasions 
where an older person in the class brought 
two of his colleagues (non-students) just 
for the sake of interest. Is it too pres- 
umptious to ask that Professor Corbett’s 
“high marks” have something to do with 
the fact that enthusiasm for his subject 
is ‘‘catching’’? 

Lastly | would like to say that in 
comparison to the mark | received from 
Professor Corbett, | also obtained an “‘A”’ 
in a half course based on essays by another 
professor and a ‘‘D”’ (51) in a half course 
based on multiple choice. My obvious 
conclusion is that from now on I should 
stay away from courses based on multiple 
choice tests, even though | would like to 
dabble a bit more in psychology. 

| can go along with a system as 
suggested by Professor Corbett in so far 
as it suggests a criterion for evaluation of 
either pass or fail. However, if we are also 
going to institute pass with honour, it 
seems to me that we might as well adhere 
to the old letter grades. 1! would rather 
see that an option be made available to 
students whereby they can determine 
their own mark; that is to say that a 
student knows what is required of his 
paper in order for it to be graded ‘‘A”’ 

“B”’, “C” etc. This may encourage some 
to take a trip to the writing laboratory, 
which is an extremely good and expedient 
place for poor essay writers. 

For courses based on multiple choice 
tests it seems to me only fair that at 
least one alternative in a series of tests 
is made available for those who do very 
poor inthis sort of ‘ academic’’ endeavour. 


Mr. David Keeling has left Scar- 
borough College to become Assistant Dean 
in the Faculty of Music. He has been 
succeeded by Mrs. Gudrun Curri as Ass- 
istant Registrar (Records). Mrs. Curri has 
responsibility for all functions previously 
handled by Mr. Keeling: admissions, 
registration, student records and student 
statistics, and duties as office manager for 
the Registrar’s Office. 

In the fall a band or orchestra will be 
formed at the College under the leadership 
of Mr. Don Coakley.. Students with 
previous experience in playing with bands, 
orchestras or ensembles are invited to join. 
If you are interested, please send the 
following information to Mr. Coakley, c/o 
Scarborough College: name, address, pho- 
ne, instrument, number of years exper- 


Principal D.R. Campbell has been 
asked by President John Evans to serve 
on the Governing Council of U. of T. 
He is also a member of the Academic 
Affairs Committee, a committee of the 

The Governing Council has accepted 
the Report of the Sub-committee on Ex- 
tension which, among other things, reco- 
mmended the formation of a college for 
undergraduate students taking mostly ev- 
ening and summer courses. The College 
will have a Principal who is a member of 
the professorial staff of an academic 
department, and an Academic Council of 
not more than 50 members. Professorial 
staff, students, administrators, alumni ass- 
ociated with the college would comprise 
the membership. 

The sub-committee recommended 
that the President be requested to com- 
mence the search for the Principal as 
soon as possible, so that he might poss- 
ibly take office for the 1973-74 academic 


According to a recent report by 
James Murphy, the University’s Chief 
Safety Officer, Scarborough College is 
one of the three units of the University 
in which the number of accidents has 
increased significantly. The University as 
a whole is continuing to reduce “‘lost- 
time accidents’ but the number of ‘‘med- 
ical-aid accidents’ has increased; that is, 
there is a reduction in the number of 
serious accidents but minor accidents are 
increasing. This increase is credited main- 
ly to the Faculty of Medicine, the Faculty 
of Dentistry and Scarborough College (in 
decreasing order). 

Having one of the University’s high- 
est accident rates is a rather dubious 
honour; perhaps we need to be more 



PROFESSOR J.S. MOIR (History) has— 
been elected Vice-President of the Can- 
adian Conference on Scottish Studies. 
The Canadian Conference on Scottish 
Studies meet annually with the Learned 
Societies and holds further seminars/con- 
ferences during the year. Emphasis of 
interest is on Scottish history generally 
and Scottish Canadian history as a minor 

has been awarded a grant of $3,500 by 
the Canada Council for research into part- 
time farming in Ontario. The project is 
entitled, ‘Multiple Job Holding by Farm 
Operators in Ontario: a Study of Spatial 
Activity Spheres and Community Impact’, 
and will concentrate upon selected areas 
of Eastern Ontario. 

PROFESSOR P. LEON (Spanish) del- 
ivered a paper entitled, ‘“‘Cortesia, Clave 
Tematica Y Estructural En El Aben- 
cerraje’’ at the meeting of the Canadian 
Association of Hispanists at Queen’s Uni- 
versity in June of this year. 

His book on Pedro de Cieza de 
Leén’s Cronica del Pert. was published by 
Gredos, in Madrid early this year. 

PROFESSOR J.B. WILKER (Mathematics) 
gave a talk on ‘‘Inversive geometry’ to 
the February Meeting of the Metro Mathe- 
matics Teachers’ Association and he spoke 
on ‘‘Inversive geometry and the homo- 
morphism of SL(2,C) onto the Lorentz 
group L ag to the Twenty-seventh Ont- 
ario Mathematical Meeting, Ottawa and 
to the Canadian Mathematical Congress. 


THURS. AUG. 9 — Meeting Place, 12:30 
p.m. Concert featuring the Ted Moses 
Quintet. Everyone is welcome. 


[Winns sso 
Number 38 CA , August 17, 1973 
ncoreses i 
by D.R. Campbell 
WORK: As economic advisor for two PLAY: East Africa is fantastic country. 

years to the Ministry of Finance and 
Planning in Nairobi my work was mainly 
with two highly competent Africans — the 
assistant deputy ministers of planning and 
of finance. Since | was asked to advise 
on agriculture, which comprises 80 per 
cent of the labour force, co-operatives, 
forestry, mining, and from time to time 
on wildlife management and on budgeting 
there was no lack of work or challenges. 
| was even pressed into service as a trouble- 
shooter to help provide famine relief in 
the arid lands during the drought of 1971. 
Working with me was a delightful young 

Work in the Ministry was a real joy. 
There was always so much to do — a 
cash flow for the Agricultural Credit Cor- 
poration, negotiations with Del Monte for 
an expansion of pineapple production 
(5,000 jobs), reorganization of a near- 
bankrupt sugar factory, planning a live- 
stock project that would double cash 
incomes in the arid zones, discussions 
with World Bank teams on seasonal credit 
for thousands of smallholders, preparing a 
materials balance plan for forestry. ... 

Twenty miles from our home was one 
edge of the great Rift Valley; five miles 
of tortuous but paved descent and one 
was at the foot of an extinct volcano; 
4,000 feet of climbing by foot and one 
peered straight down into the caldera 
hundreds of feet below; drive another 10 
miles and there was a beautiful fresh 
water lake on which we recognized 54 
species of birds in two hours; another 15 
miles took one to a small soda ash lake 
with up to 2,000,000 pink flamingos — 
the greatest collection anywhere. 

When we drove down the main high- 
way to the Indian Ocean we never counted 
fewer than 30 elephants per trip. And the 
coast! Hundreds of miles of white sand, 
coral, and blue and white breakers. 

Most of us went tenting regularly 
in areas which have the largest concen- 
tration of wild animals anywhere. At 
night there were always animal sounds 

‘including roars and trumpetings disturb- 

ingly close by. Over Easter 1972, we 
drove for five bone-shaking days in a 
Land Rover to Lake Rudolf (now thought 
to be the site of earliest-known man) and 

across the northern desert carrying all 
our supplies of water and petrol. 

KENYA: Kenya has had its racial prob- 
lems but the major step towards their 
solution came a decade ago when it be- 
came clear that the Africans were in 
charge. African-European relations seem 
remarkably harmonious and many English 
farmers rejoice that they became Kenyans 
and stayed on at independence. Relations 
between Africans and Asians are less 
happy and | expect that non-citizens’ 
days in Kenya are numbered. 

More important than racial problems 
are tribal problems. In contrast to Tan- 
zania where there are many small tribes, 
Kenya has a number of large tribes and 
this makes rivalries more serious. The 
aggressive more-westernized Kikuyu around 
Nairobi are viewed with anxiety and 
jealousy by some of the other large tribes 
although Government speeches attempt 
constantly to play down tribalism. Pas- 
toral people like the Masai and Samburu 
are not much concerned by these matters 
and live much as their forefathers did — 
on milk and blood from their animals. 

The great economic problems are 
unemployment in Nairobi, the continuing 
rural-urban migration, and the fact that 
quite rapid economic progress has not 
been shared at all equally. The Govern- 
ment, though, has been willing to allocate 
funds for investment projects to all parts 
of the country, even those backward areas 
where immediate pay-offs are low. Kenya, 
a capitalist-oriented country is an interest- 
ing contrast to neighbouring Tanzania 
which is following its own route to 
socialism. The relative progress will be a 
fascinating race to watch over the next 
two decades. 


Some interesting trends in enrol- 
ments by discipline can be seen from the 
figures below. In general, there is a grad- 
ual trend away from the Humanities and 
Social Sciences towards Science, with 
disciplines such as biology and chemistry 
experiencing a significant increase in en- 

The enrolment in a discipline is ex- 

pressed as a percentage of the total (FCE), 

taken in December of the particular year. 
For 1973-74, the figures shown are the 
projected enrolments for September. 



Discipline Déecl97i) DealO72 

Anthropology 6.9 S17, 4.3 
Astronomy ipa 1.0 WZ 
Biology ree) 8.6 Th 
Chemistry Bai 4.5 6.6 
Classics Hs 1.4 1.0 
Commerce 1.7 1.8 2.4 
Economics 5:0) 6.0 6.5 
English (eS V1.1 9.0 
Fine Art qe (ey Wi 
French 3.4 3.0 3.6 
German 6 hy A) 
Geography 4.7 4.2 43 
History The 6.6 a AS) 
Humanities il7/ 2.0 2.0 
Italian 6 ay 9 
Linguistics ‘5 | 
Mathematics 7.0 6.8 6.8 
Natural Science 1.0 Bel 1.8 
Philosophy Be 29) 2.6 
Physics 2.4 2.4 pS) 
Political Science 3.0 4.9 4.2 
Psychology 11.7 10.7 10.6 
Russian 4 6 4 
Sociology tad 8.5 7.6 
Spanish 1.3 1.] 1.0 
Humanities 33.6 B2i5 29.7 
Social Sciences 32.4 31.1 25 
Science 34.2 36.1 41.4 

by Eleanor Irwin 

One of the myths of the Greeks 
tells how the goddess Demeter’s daughter 
was kidnapped by the god of the under- 
world; how she searched the world over 
for her lost child and refused to allow 
the earth to produce food while the child 
was separated from her; and at last, 
finding her, was granted her daughter’s 
return to the upper world - but only for 
part of the year. So, says the account, 
while her daughter is with her, she makes 
the earth fruitful, and when her daughter 
-returns to Hades, the earth ceases to 
produce. Attention in the myth is 
almost exclusively focussed on the figure 
of Demeter who is both Earth Mother 
(or Mother Nature) and the Sorrowing 
Mother. But it is the daughter Perse- 
phone who intrigues me by the double 
life she leads. For part of the year she 
is queen in the world below and for part 
she is her mother’s child again in the 
upper world. She is a shadowy figure 
whose feelings are not revealed to us in 
the Greek accounts, yet it could hardly 
have escaped the notice of those early 
hearers, especially the women, that Perse- 
phone represents a truth for every mar- 
ried woman, virtually all women in an- 
cient Greece, - the dual role of daughter 
and wife. Persephone’s case is compli- 
cated by the change of residence, half 
time in the pleasant upper world and half 
time in the dark, dreary underworld. It is 
in her change of residence that Perse- 
phone seems to be the prototype of 
people like me who spend some of their 
year in a dark, dreary underworld of con- 
crete and some in the upper air of 
Haliburton. Just as she must have found 
compensation in both places and advan- 
tages in the double life, so do I. Being 
queen for half a year, for example, even 
over such subjects, must have made her 

position as daughter more bearable for 
the other half. But, being in the clean, 
clear air of the world of the living must 
have given her memories to store up 
against her sojourn among the dead. 

For me also the double life has 
compensations. During the winter | 
have my subjects, not as dead as hers. 
During the summer | am revived by the 
warm weather and natural surroundings 
at our cottage. 

It is my personal conviction that a 
classicist understands the Greeks and Ro- 
mans better if she (or he) has a cottage 
in Haliburton. Our cottage, like the 
Homaric house, has a large room or 
megaron with a central hearth, thus en- 
abling us to experience at first hand the 
smokiness Homer knew. Our lake, while 
not quite the Mediterranean, provides a 
vista for contemplation. Many an hour 
have | spent considering the colours of 
the lake and the wooded shore so as to 
get inside the skin of the Greek poets in 
my study of the way they used colour 
terms. At night my study of astronomy 
is advanced as | learn to distinguish the 
wandering planets from the sphere of 
fixed stars and watch for myself the Great 
Bear who never takes a bath in the lake. 
At times, because of a disruption in 
Hydro service, we use an oil lamp to 
illuminate the cottage and then | be- 
come more acutely aware of the con- 
trast of day and night in a world before 
the invention of the electric light bulb. 
We are more sympathetic to the prayers 
of the ancients for a favouring wind when 
we sail our small boat, though with a 
different sail style, it is more manoeuv- 
rable with respect to wind direction than 

classical craft. Once in a storm, we had 
the Dioscuri riding at the top of mast, 
and then were kin to all who had heard 
their crackle or seen their fire. 

Catullus rejoiced in his villa on Lake 
Sirmio, Horace in his Sabine farm away 
from the heat of crowded Rome; so 
we are happy to come up here. But as 
Persephone, in my imagination, found 
some drawbacks to her life in the upper 
world and some advantages to that in the 
world below, so | shall be satisfied to be 
back at Scarborough come September. 


Members of faculty and graduate 
students may now apply for carrells in 
the Robarts library. Letters of applica- 
tion should be addressed to: Reader 
Services, Robarts Library. 

Stack passes are also available for 
all members of the University but must 
be applied for in person at the Robarts 

NOV 49 1978: 


The xerox machine has remained on 
the fourth floor but all other duplicating 
and printing equipment has been moved 
to the second floor, to the room prev- 
iously occupied by the Student Coffee 

In using the xerox machine, please 
charge the appropriate department or 
division for the service. Duplication 
of any personal material will continue to 
cost $ .05 a copy and remittance should 
be made to Mrs. Elsie Autton, Room 

The printing room on the second 
level contains the following equipment: 
1 Gestetner Offset Press (to be used when 
more than 75 copies are required), 1 
Gestafax (makes stencils from master 
copy), 2 Gestetner Duplicating machines 
and 1 Ditto machine. 

Beginning on September 4, requisi- 
tion forms will be required for all work 
done in the printing room. It Is re- 
quested that they be completed in dupli- 
cate and attached to the original. The 
work will be completed as quickly as 
possible under the following order of 
priorities: teaching, administration, other. 
When the work is ready, you will be con- 
tacted and asked to collect the material. 

| zoo 80 OF At L2 6€