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^  ^ 







J  Lamed,  the  twelfth  letter  of  the  Alphabet.  It  inter- 
changes with  the  liquids,  e.  g.  Jibisbttj  a.  rnia"lttj;  n313  a. 
npb  &c. — b  as  first  radical  letter  often  rejected  in  in- 
flection, e.  g.  npb,  rig,  nnip  &c. 

>>  as  a  numeral  letter,  thirty,  v.  'X. 

?  V  i>  ti  ?>  ^*J  prefix  (b.  h.)  unto,  to,  toward,  for; 
(before  infinitive  of  verbs)  to.  Pes.  I,  1  '31  riSQIKb  11K, 
v.  "11X11.— sort,  xab,  v.  xa  III.  Ber.  I,  1  bisxb  to  eat; 
ninpb  to  read;  a.  v.  fr.  — lb.  1HX  HW>  to  one  day,  i.  e. 
within  one  day  (until  morning).  Zeb.  5,  3  '31  flbibl  Dlib 
within  a  day  and  a  night  until  midnight  (v.  comment.), 
lb.  '31  "jO  DiJSb  inside  of  the  curtains.  Ber.  2a  msb  be- 
fore it,  rTnn&6  after  it.  lb.  14a  naxb  D3inbx  fQ  between 
Elohekhem  a.  Etneth.  lb.  13a  '21  155  ia*ibl  but  as  to  Babbi's 
opinion,  might  not  also  argument  be  raised  &c.  ? ;  a.  v.  fr. 
—With  personal  pronouns:  *b  to  me,  5|b,  rcb,  T(b;  Ch.  ?pb 
&c— Ex.  B.  s.  3,  v.  -SCn.  Ber.  2b  *I^V»OB  x£  was  un- 
known to  them.— Chald. :  *itfb  (v.  i3Pl)  let  the  text  read; 
X£ib  (v.  X72X)  let  him  say.  lb.  2a  sq. ;  a.  v.  fr. 

fcO  (b.  h.;  v.  1Kb)  not,  no.  Ber.  1, 1  '31  Hffp  xb  we 
have  omitted  to  recite  &c.  lb.  Ill,  4  '31  xbl . . .  xb  neither 
before  nor  after.  Nidd.5a  '21  pb  "pX  Kb,  no;  it  means  &c, 
v.  1Kb;  a.  v.  fr. —  xbl  indeed  not?  Hull.  4b  '21  airom  xbl 
indeed  not  (is  it  so  that  the  verb  TFpti  never  refers  to 
pei-suasion  by  speech)?  Do  we  not  read  &c.?;  a.  v.  fr. — 
rt'UWJ  Kb  (rils^)  a  prohibitory  law,  opp.  fittSJ,  a  positive 
command;  v.  1Kb.  Kidd.  I,  7.  Mace.  14b  bot.;  a.  v.  fr.— xba 
ivithout.  Ber.  35a  bot.  rT3*13  'S  without  pronouncing  a 
benediction;  a.  v.  fr.— xbffl  Klril,  v.  KIM. 

CS>I  ch.  same.  Targ.  Gen.  II,  5;  a.  v.  fr.  — Pes.  10b 
Kb  .  .  "ina  "pX  .  .  .  maps  before  the  time  when  it  is  for- 
bidden, yes  (he  must  search  after  leavened  bread);  after 
the  time,  no  (he  must  not  search).  lb.  XJU5  Kb  there  is 
no  difference ;  a.  v.  fr. 

2>^  II  m.  (preced.  wds.)  particle,  mote.  Yoma  20b, 
v.  Ka-iH.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  LXVHI,  3  laittJH  xb3  they  are 
like  a  mote. 

N3  III  pr.  n.  m.  La,  abbrev.  of  xbiX,  xbifi;  v.  Fr. 
M'bo,  p.  75b. 

bCtf  &0,  mj&O,  Koh.  B  .to  VII,  1 1  end-misplaced ; 
read :  '31  xnxp  E)K  msxi  .  .  .  pb'Jl  X'iSxb  pbo ;  v.  ib.  to 
IX,  10,  end. 

ns5,  v.  1Kb. 

T   T 

"IfcO  h.  a.  ch.  (v.  1Kb)  wo,  not.  Targ.  Y.HDeut.XXXIlI, 
3. — B.  Kam.  60a  'b  OKI  but  if  not,  opp.  UP  DK. — Hull.  24a 
"Oh  'b  KM  but  without  it  (if  the  text  did  not  say  so), — 
B.  Kam.  10a  If-PX  'ba  without  him.  lb.bnK  'b  iKbut  for  thee 
(sitting  on  it) ;  iTnayinx'b  iK  had  you  not  been  (sitting  on 
it)  with  me.  Ib.  itfi  1S153  'b  1H3  his  force  (pressure  by 
leaning)  is  not  to  be  considered  as  an  action  equal  to 
(sitting  on  it  with)  his  body;  a.  v.  fr. — 'b  KbK  but,  must 
you  not  admit?,  i.  e.  but  to  be  sure,  v.  xbx.  Ber.  2b;  a. 
v.  fr. — 'b  ix»  what  (does  this  mean)?  Does  it  not  (mean) 
that  &c.  Nidd.  5:i;  a.  fr.— Esp.  ixb  (lib)  m.  (=  Hbsn  Kb) 
a  plain  prohibitory  law,  the  violation  of  which,  in  the 
absence  of  any  severer  punishment  indicated  in  the  Script- 
ure, is  punished  with  thirty-nine  lashes  (v.  D^aiX,  s.  v. 
nsa-iK).  Men.  58>>,  a.  e.  nibbsaUJ  'b  an  implied  prohibition, 
e.g.  Lev.  II,  11  (where  ba  implies  any  mixture  of  leaven 
or  honey);  Ex.  XII,  9  (where  lbDXn  bx  refers  to  K3,  to 
bisar,  and  implicitly  to  any  preparation  not  through  the 
action  of  fire).  Ib.  '31  'bs  mixb  Kb  the  prohibition  in 
this  case  is  not  a  special  one  for  itself  as  is  the  prohib- 
ition, 'Thou  shalt  not  muzzle'  (Deut.  XXV,  4,  which  is 
preceded  by  the  law  regulating  corporal  punishment); 
Pes.  41 b.— filUS  bb2a  xan  'b  (v.  bba)  a  prohibition  deriv- 
ed by  implication  from  a  positive  command,  e.  g.  the 
law  (Lev.  I,  2)  defining  what  animals  are  fit  for  the  altar 
and  indirectly  excluding  unclean  animals.  Zeb.  34a  .  .  .  'b 
libs  "pplb  .  .  the  transgression  of  an  implicit  prohibition 
is  punishable  with  lashes ;  ib.  libs  "pplb  "pX  ...  'b  is  not 
punishable.  Pes.  1.  c.  tWS  nffir  bbsa  xan  'b  a  prohibi- 
tion derived  from  a  positive  command  is  treated  like  a 
positive  command  (the  neglect  of  which  is  not  indict- 
able); Hull.  81a;  a.  fr.— Jlttwb  pniDH  'b,  v.  pro.— PI.  -pixb 
Opllb).  B.Mets.  llla  'b  i3^a  libs  liasb  to  make  the  trans- 
gressor answerable  for  two  acts. —  'b  iann  those  guilty 
of  transgressing  a  plain  prohibitory  law,  punishable  with 

lashes,  contrad.  to  nirvna  iann,  mma  'n  (v.  ain  h.).  — 

Yeb.  10b;  a.  fr.— Ch.  pi.  iixb.  Hull.  801'.  Tem.  4b.— [Tosef. 
Erub.  XI  (VIII),  23,  v.  \\b.] 





wb,  v.  w*. 

KTOHfl»b,  v.  aoai-jb. 

SP.^b,  v.  wwrk 

T  «'  T 

"W,  v.  •<«.  m. 

"^fcO,  JlfcO  (b.  h.)  fo  Jafcor  (in  rain);  fo  6e  <irea\  Gen. 
B.  s.  50  (expl/lxb-'i,  Gen. XIX,  11),  v.  next  w. 
Nif.  nxb.3  to  be  exhausted.  B.  Kam.  82a;  a.  e. 

nfcOch.  same,  1)  to  labor.  Targ.  Josh.  XXIV,  13;  a. 
fr.— *2)  to  be  tired.  Targ.  O.  Gen.  XIX,  11  W$>  ed.  Berl. 
(oth.  ed.  ISOXb;  Y.  T*»frnBK);  a.  fr. 

Ithpe.  ifctbx  to  be  worn  out,  to  make  a  vain  effort.  Gen. 
B.  s.  50  (ref.  to  ixbil.  Gen.  1.  c.)  "p^bs  they  labored  in 
vain  (with  ref.  to  Is.  XVI,  12) ;  ",103iK  they  grew  sick  (with 
ref.  to  Is.  I,  14);  [Yalk.  ib.  84  1S03>bl  (with  ref.  to  Ex.  VII, 
18).— V.  ^nb,  ^b. 

nS5,  rVbf  "^S  (-  V  V&l  =  l^b.  Tosef.  Erub.  XI 
(VIII),  23  mm  &OT3  *ub  xn  (ed.  Zuck.  Tib,  read  lib)  was 
this  (the  first  tongs)  not  a  divine  creation?,  i.  e.  it  was 
nothing  else  than  &c;  Pes.  54a  bWl  t)iatt}  *P 3  n*n3'b  an 
(v.  Babb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  notes  9  a.  10) ;  Tosef.  Hag.  I,  9  'b  an 
(ed.  Zuck.  Obit,  Var.  "nb  an  read:  lib).— Ker.  12a  3"n  ""Kb 
"<n&<alM3  Tft^S  xb  Ar.  (ed.  only  "Was  l*b  3"n)  no;  in  this 
case,  too,  he  may  correct  himself  (saying),  I  did  not  remain 
&c.  Ib.  6b  iai"ix  -p2"<a  "^sb  it  is  not  so ;  they  are  neces- 
sary. Ib.  '31  3TDT  'b  it  is  not;  for  it  is  written  &c. — Snh. 
40b  nSBia  "W13BX  ""Kb  it  is  not  so ;  there  is  indeed  an  ex- 
pression in  the  text  open  for  interpretation;  Sabb.  64a 
'31  i«b  is  it  not?  it  is  indeed  &c.  Yoma  22b  mSiaa  TjnBK  'b 
no?  Indeed,  he  was  punished  on  his  body. 

T^&O,  part,  of  D*. 

"'TtEPJS!*  m-  (p*F<°p)  rhetor,  advocate.  SifreDeut.  343 
'31  inxb  lb  "ibujai  imtfttl  . .  .  'bb  like  to  an  advocate  who 
stands  on  the  platform  (in  court)  and  has  been  hired  by 
a  man  to  speak  in  his  behalf;  Yalk.  ib.  951  .  .  .  lU^bb 
'31  "13131  (corr.  ace). 

^<b,v.  1Kb. 

mjb,  v.  rt*. 

l"lO"OfcO  (accus.  of  Aa^eat;)  by  Lachesis!  (the 
goddess  of  fate).  Lev.  B.  s.  30  (in  a  speech  of  a  gentile 
robber)  '31  "T«n2JK  Stb  'b  b"K  Ar.  (Var.  *,OT3Xb,  T03Xb;  in 
ed.  differ,  phraseology,  a.  our  w.  omitted)  by  L. !  Noth- 
ing has  been  left  to  me  of  all  &c.  [Ar.  explains  Itlbxb  (?).] 

SOD&C,  Targ.  Lam.  Ill,  34  *&&*  'b  mnn  some  ed. 
(oth.  "»lb:P"l  nmr),  —  a  misplaced  and  corrupt  Var.  for 
S03ab  in  the  beginning  of  the  verse. 

■JDD&O,  v.  TtpDKb. 

"&&&*  v.  -inbx. 


?fi  v.  * 

n3?Sb,  part,  of  i?b. 

fcTOIDfctb,  UTDnDS5,  Targ.  Y.  I  Num.  XI,  8,  a  cor- 
rupt, for  ^D">EbN,  v.  OBbx;  v.,  however,  VUfftya.— V.  K-HSb. 

nSpSb,  v.  IKRYJV 

Zl5m.(b.  h.;  33b;  cmp.3"ip  a. 3^3)  [innermost,]  heart, 
bosom;  thought,  inclination,  mind  &c.  Sot.  I,  5  nab  n^n 
nS3  if  her  bosom  was  handsome  (inciting  the  senses). 
Shebu.  26a  "jD3K  tjab  thy  heart  has  carried  thee  away 
against  thy  will,  i.  e.  you  were  under  the  impression  that 
you  told  the  truth.  Nidd.  3b,  1Bp13  Tab,  v.  C)p3l.  Men. 
79b,  a.  e.  in">bs  nsra  T'a  ab  the  authorities  (in  receiving 
materials  for  offerings)  accept  them  with  a  condition 
at  heart  (that  they  may  dispose  at  their  discretion  of 
what  has  not  been  used  for  sacrifices). — CA  13b,  v.  W»  I. — 
Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  IX,  1  T»i»S  lab  his  heart  is  against  him, 
he  bears  him  a  grudge.— Zeb.  21a  D^pTiS  blU  Tab?  fcOXinb 
to  remove  (the  false  opinion)  out  of  the  heart  of  the 
Sadducees,  i.  e.  to  demonstrate,  by  practice,  the  rejection 
of  their  opinion;  Hag.  23a  (Ms.  M.  QipTtxn  "MO);  Yoma 
2a  (Ms.  M.  'xn  iJBa,  v.  Par.  Ill,  7).  Gen.  B.  s.  87,  end  (in 
a  gloss)  r.l^an  blT  *,3ba  n&OXinb  in  order  to  remove  (the 
bad  opinion  about)  her  out  of  the  hearts  of  men,  i.  e.  to 
save  her  reputation.— Ned.  20b,  v.  ttk-lft;  a.  v.  fr.— Trnsf. 
a)  the  marrow  of  trees,  the  sap-ioood.  Meg.  I4a;  Succ.  45b 
as  the  palm-tree  '31  inx  ab  xbN  lb  "pat  has  only  one  'heart' 
(sap-cells  only  in  the  stem  but  none  in  the  branches),  so 
has  Israel  one  heart  directed  to  his  Father  &c— b)  centre, 
central  portion.  Lev.  B.  s.  30,  end  '31  bia  nab  ablb  a  Lulab 
which  is  the  central  stalk  of  the  palm  tree,  v.  3blb.  — 

PI.  f.  niab.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  VII  '3i  'b  -,ma  nnxir  nan 
from  the  fact  that  thou  examinest  hearts  and  reins  &c. 
—V.  33b. 

nb,  sab,  i&pb,  *qnb,  *qnb,  '^bch.same.  Targ. 

Gen.  VI,  5^  TargJl  Chr.  XII,  38;  a.'fr.  — Ab.  Zar.  55a  13b 
3>"ii  Tiabl  myself  and  thyself  are  convinced  &c.  Midr.  Till. 

to  (ref.  to  a-iairn,  ib.  xii,  8)  -jinaba  Rrpi-nK  "wa 

'31  guard  the  Law  in  their  hearts.  Ib.  to  Ps.  XXVIII,  end 
(ref.  to  Gen.  XXXVII,  4)  XaiS3  "W  'bai  na  as  they  thought 
so  did  they  speak,  but  there  (II  Sam.  XIII,  22)  'bai  na 
StalSa  Kb  he  did  not  speak  out  what  was  in  his  heart; 

Gen.  B.  s.  84  -,inaisa  Tin-pba  n;  rrwta  mspba  *i  what 
was  in  his  heart  remained  there.  Snh.  35a  [read:]  Vto 
"i^jjiSt  iT233ii<"T  'b  paro  KalSI  although  they  (the  secre- 
taries) record  the  word  of  mouth  (the  vote  of  each  judge), 
the  heart  (the  impressiveness  of  the  argument),  once  for- 
gotten, remains  forgotten  (cannot  be  recalled  several  days 
after;  v.  Bashi  in  Babb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note).  Hull.  59a,  a.  fr. 
— SOp"n  '3X  on  an  empty  stomach;  a.  v.  fr. — "i  xa'bx 
(rr^bx),  V.  aaiba.— PI.  £ab,  'apb,  s^aab,  s^aab,  paab, 
■nab,  '^b.  Targ.  Prov.  XXVII,  19  fc^ab  (ed.  Lag.  pniab). 
Targ.  Jer.  XII,  3.  Targ.  H  Esth.  V,  1 ;  a.  fr. 

&05  f.  (b.  h.  nab)/fa»we.  Erub.  53b  a  Galilean  woman 




(v.  T^"S)  says  instead  of  X3bn  "fiO'lK'l  "SP  (come,  1  will 
give  thee  cream  to  eat) :  X2b  -pbsin  Ms.  M.  a  flame  con- 
sume thee  (ed.  Ki2b  a  lion  &c),  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.— [Pes. 

4-j1'  X2b  ma  traac,  v.  xsb.] 
SZ2  =  xanb.  v.  as. 

r  -  t  -  :'  t 

SD5,  Targ.  Y.  Gen.  XVIII,  8,  v.  •*-$. 

*SDv  or  "Q-?  (v-  n-V?)  [togroio  white;  cmp.  Joel  1,7,] 
to  6e  dried  up,  v.  infra. 

Pa.  K2b  or  tab  to  %  dry.  M.  Kat.  1  la  iN2b  it*mi2  raiB 

x  Ar.  ed.  Koh.  the  Pumbeditheans  laid  the  fish  dry 

(by  changing  the  course  of  the  water) ;  [ed.  as  corrected 
in  marginal  note  (v.  also  Eabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  300):  D122 
11113  ijab  xrnia  at  P.  the  fish  were  laid  dry  (the  water 
failing  through  some  obstruction  in  the  channel);  Var. 
in  Ar.  "<K2b  xmi2  (read  12)  the  B'ditha  dried  up]. 

^sO  v  m.  pi.  (preced.)  dried  up,  laid  dry.  Kidd.  72a 
Stnaan  'V  1*1113*7  &n-S  IBpX  Ar.  they  surrounded  (with  nets, 
mats  &c.)  a  pond  of  fish  that  were  laid  dry  on  the  Sab- 
bath (to  prevent  the  fish  from  being  swept  along  with  the 
comirig  flood);  [for  differ,  version  and  interpret.,  v.  t*5p]. 

D^fcCb,  v.  r*-cA. 

•    t  :  r» 

J->  m.  (b.  h.)  =  2b,  heart;  (in  rabbinical  homiletics) 
double  heart,  seat  of  two  opposite  inclinations  (v.  is";). 
Ber.  IX,  5  (ref.  to  Deut.  VI,  5)  '=1  -p-*i  i2UJ2  *j22b  b32 
'with  all  thy  heart'  means  with  both  thy  inclinations 
Ire.  (i.  e.  break  thy  evil  inclination  for  the  love  of  God). 
Gen.  R.  s.  48  (ref.  to  Gen.  XVIII,  5)  '=1  'pN  d322b  112"D1 
it  does  not  say  here,  'comfort  ye  your  Vbab,  but  your  leb\ 
which  intimates  that  the  evil  inclination  has  no  power 
over  angels;  a.  e.  —  [Pesik.  S'lih.,  p.  166a,  v.  next  w.]  — 
PI.  f.  trhnK  Tanh.  Ki  Thabo  1  (ref.  to  Deut.  XXVI,  16) 
21  'b  ir-rtU . . .  taibbBns  DnxiD  TOim  when  you  pray  before 
the  Lord,  you  shall  not  have  two  hearts,  one  for  the 
Lord,  and  one  for  another  thing  (idol);  ib.  2.  Sot.  I,  8 
'b  'a  235  (Bab.  ed.  p.  91'  H1235)  he  deceived  three  hearts 
(v.  335).  B.  Bath.  12b  before  eating  and  drinking  man  has 
'31  'b  T'i"  two  hearts  (his  thoughts  are  not  clearly  de- 
fined) &c.  (ref.  to  Job  XI,  12  'a  hollow  man  is  divided  at 

— —  -  (b.  h.)  1)  to  join  closely;  to  tie. — Part.  pass.  212b, 
pi.  yu!Q?.  Sabb.  V,  2  (52b)  'b  -i«S1i  tai13t  wethers  may 
be  taken  out  (on  the  Sabbath)  coupled ;  expl.  ib.  53b  ilnin. 
Ib.  Kin  i211p1  JOUPb  'b  ■WPl  SSlUa  "WO  where  is  the  proof 
that  this  root  22b  has  the  meaning  of  bringing  close 
together  ?  Answ.  ref.  to  WQafc  (Cant.  IV,  9)  'thou  hast 
chained  me';  '21  02b  1533  crib  ",i1ti'1p,,a  IIS  "YD!*  S<bl2*  Ulla 
says  (I'bubin  refers  to)  the  skin  which  is  tied  against 
their  chests  to  protect  them  from  the  attacks  of  wolves ; 
Y.  ib.  V,  7b  bot.  '31 1125  ',ni3  XiniH  (v.  ",1iD112).— 2)  (denom. 
of  2b)  part.  pass.  212b  (112?)  a  hide  shotting  a  hole  in  the 
place  corresponding  to  the  heart. — PI.  2"<212b,  11212b.  Ab. 
Zar.  II,  3  (29b)  'b  M112*  hides  with  holes  &c.  (are  for- 
bidden, because  the  heart  has  been  cut  out  for  idolatrous 

purposes);  expl.  Tosef.  ib.  IV  (V),  7;  Y.  ib.  II,  41b;  Bab. 
ib.  32a. 

Nif.  22b?  to  be  tied  around.  Y.  Sabb.X,  end,  12d  rniawn 
222?ib  ....  he  who  makes  a  strap  to  be  tied  around  (an 
animal's  chest  &c,  v.  supra);  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Bath.  IV,  13 
22bb  Pi. 

Pi.  22"ib  1)  to  join,  tie,  v.  supra.  —  2)  (denom.  of  2b) 
to  encourage;  to  strengthen.  Tanh.  Sh'moth  14;  Ex.  R.  s. 
2  (play  on  rob,  Ex.  Ill,  2)  '31  122bb  (113)  in  order  to 
make  him  courageous  when  he  comes  to  Mount  Sinai  &c. 
Gen.  R.  s.  77  11X2  132^1  ....  TTTi  the  king  took  his  son 
and  made  him  courageous  by  making  him  attack  the 
(tamed)  lion;  Cant.  R.  to  III,  6  122bs  mm  "nail  nx  am; 
132  1533  he  attacked  the  lion  and  incited  him  against  his 
son.  Pesik.  S'lih.,  p.  166a  [read:]  1135  ~\T\Z  22b  "jn3  JlSi 
improve  thy  strength,  strengthen  thy  powers,  valiant  man! 
(Ar.  ed.  Koh.  r"11352  H3  22»b,  oth.  ed.  fi11252  H3  22b  join 
physical  strength  to  valor). 

amb,  aesb,  v.  *2b. 

"Q>,   v.  12  III. 
35  [to  join,]  to  full,  stamp. — Part.  pass.  112b  q.  v. 


"Qv  m.  (preced.,  Arab,  libd,  v.  Fl.  to  Levy  Targ.  Diet. 
I,  p.  429 ')  felt;  thick,  fulled  or  felted  stuff  made  of  wool, 
hair  &c.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Bath.  V,  3  sq.  (interch.  with  112b). 
— PI.  ra*H2b,  T"i2b.  Ib.  3.— Esp.  felt-cloaks.  Ib.  1 1 .  Tos.  Neg. 
V,  1;  14.  Kil.  IX,  9  rallies',  'b  felt-clothes  (of  mixed  ma- 
terial) are  forbidden. 

K^b,  '"0  ch.  same.-P^T12b,  ***$>,  "*.  Y.  Ber.  II, 
5a  top  '31  'b  fOR  122?nx  he  took  to  selling  felt-clothes  for 
children;  Lam.  R.  to  I,  16  ^T^b.  Y.  Sabb.  VII,  10c  bot. 
'b  "pbiXS  like  those  felt-garments  (which  cannot  be  torn 
apart,  but  must  be  cut). 

5^25  m.  (preced.)  the  hairy  side  of  cloth.  Targ.  Y. 
Lev.  XIII,  55. 

&TGb,  v.  ^312b. 

^p'lDb  m.  pi.  (v.  Dip-Gib)  Libyan  asses.  Targ.  Y. 
Gen.  XXXII,  16  Ar.  (ed.  -plpilb,  ppl  ymft,  1  ^ibll,  read: 

Op"D>,  v.  Gipi2ib. 

rQv,  v.  12b. 

T   T 

TQ^  m.  (12b)  1)=  12b.— 2)  compact,  solid.  Sabb.  97a; 
Succ.  16b  i*al  'b3  i"iirbtt)o  Dins  b3  wherever  there  is  a  gap 
of  less  than  three  handbreadths,  the  parts  so  separated 
are  considered  as  a  solid  (partition),  e.  g.  a  mat  suspend- 
ed vertically  so  as  to  leave  a  gap  of  less  than  three  hand- 
breadths  from  the  ceiling  and  one  of  the  same  size  from 
the  floor  is  to  be  considered  'a  solid  wall  completing  the 
requirements  of  the  Succah  (v.  "1212). — Hence  labud,  the 
legal  fiction  of  considering  separated  parts  as  united,  if 
the  gap  is  less  than  three  handbreadths.  Ib.  M*m  tVO 
'31  'b  iin  "fl^VM  'b  in  you  might  have  thought  we  adopt 
one  labud  but  not  two  labud  (a  fictitious  connection  with 




the  ceiling  and  with  the  floor) ;  Erub.  9 '  "piiax  nnx  mia 
'al  mira  'b.  lb.  41'  the  traditional  rule  aplies  '31  'bbl  1Mb 
to  the  fiction  of  stretching  (v.  133),  of  labud  &c;  Succ. 
6b  'bbl  Ms.  M.  (ed.  'bl,  corr.  ace).  Erub.  9:l,  v.  BOr). 

"HSj,  ▼.'Wife. 

D'tanb,  v.  B?b. 

:  -  t 

lp2b9  v.  tw^. 

fcO^*  m.  Cj3b)  foundation.  Sabb.  104",  v.  ',3b. 

nj  IJ>  f.  (b.  h.;  -,3b)  [toAite]  frankincense.  Ker.  6a. 
Snh.  43:l  they  gave  the  culprit  '31  'b  bll3  Blip  a  grain  of 
frankincense  in  a  cup  of  wine  to  benumb  his  senses  (v. 
CRDj;  Treat.  S'mah.  ch.  II,  9;  a.  fr. 

SrG*Q>,  ^?12Z1!P  ch.  same.  Targ.  Is.  LX,  6  (some 
ed.  nj-feb).   Targ.T6.''Ex.  XXX,  34;  a.  fr. 

jmb,  v.  tt*. 

KVJ>  J  y\  J  J  m.  pi.  (Liburnicus.  cmp.  Liburnici  cu- 
culli,  8m.  Ant.  s.  v.  Cucullus)  Liburnian  mantles.  Targ. 
Is.  Ill,  22  (h.  text  mriBBB) ;  ed.  Wil.  a.  Bxt.  'b  SOB'VU'mj, 
taking  'b  as  an  adjective :  Liburnian  clothes;  (ed.Lag.  'bl; 
Var.  B«;UJ*ytaX  KJByvh^j  Ar.  reads  Xip313  to  which 

cmp.  *vya  i). 

ILrG™  m.  (b.  h. ;  ©3b)  garment,  covering.  Ex.  R.  s.  l 
iisa  11313b  his  dress  was  Egyptian.  Ukts.  I,  2  nb©  'bn 
the  husk  of  the  wheat  grain ;  a.  fr. —  PI.  B^ttwab,  fn^dV. 
Snh.  90b  *,m©>ab3  phap»e  O^pIS  the  righteous  who  are 
buried  in  their  garments,  v.BilS;  (Keth.  Ill1'  "jnittJIsbaB). 
Meg.  16b  niaba  iiawb  n©an  five  official  garments;  Yalk. 
Esth.  1059  main  b©Bi©13b;  a.  fr.— V.  tt$ttJ>0. 

JE^Qv,  SI2J^D5,  "tt  ch.  1)  same.  Targ.  Esth.IV,2. 
Targ.  II  KingsTIV,  42  irnj?Ol«  (ed.  Lag.  rTOSVa);  h.  text 
13bpiJ3);  a.  fr.— Keth.  63a  '=1  ©13b  ^3&ta  ^XtiJ  borrow 
dressy  garments  and  cover  thyself  (to  meet  thy  husband). 
Gen.  R.  s.  21  ITCH  rWa  m©13bl  whose  covering  is  a  part 
of  (inseparable  from)  its  body.  Taan.21l,,v.NnV1pi3.Sabb. 
77h  (playful  etymology)  n©13  Nb  X©13b  no  shame.  Nidd. 
20a;  a.  fr.— P/."piri3b:,  SMtiCb.  Targ.  Gen.  Ill,  21.  Targ. 
Esth. IV,  1 ;— Tarn.  32aTaiS*i  ywai purple  garments; 
a.  e.  —  2)  circumvallation.   Targ.  Zech.  XII,  6  1131  'b  (h. 

text  irst  fro). 

13b)  [that  which  is  joined  to  an  object,]  vertical  rim,  edge 
(by  which  a  flat  utensil  is  made  into  a  vessel-like  recept- 
acle, v.  BSfiBB  a.  7}in).  Pes.  48b  13t3b  nb  -px©  nb3"J  Ms. 
M.  (ed.  "pTSnb  pi.)  a  board  which  has  no  edges;  Kel.  11,3 
TQtb  (R.  some  ed.  ta'pab).  Tosef.  Ukts.  II,  18  ©i©  nbaa 
rw4  nb  ed.  Zuck.  (oth.  eth.  pOJab).  Tosef.  Oh.  XII,  5 
an  inverted  vessel  (v.  n©iB3)  tUBQ  T^b  nb  ©1  which  has 
a  rim  of  one  handbreadth  projecting  from  the  bottom 
(so  that  it  can  be  used  as  a  receptacle  in  its  inverted 
state).  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Kam.  VI,  17  nrbn  nb  ©i  (read  HP 

'b  nb);  Kel.  Vill,  B,  v.  ni^bx.  Mikr.  IV,  2  tsrab  Hltfa. 
ed.;  a.  fr.  —  H  fty?^  "pTatb,  'nb.  Pes.  1.  c,  v.  supra. 
Krl.  XVIII,  1  (ed.  Dehr.  'ppapb);  Tosef.  ib.  B.Mets.VIlI,  1 
ffttrt  ed.  Zuck.  (Var.  r^W* ;  oth.  ed.  Ttarfr). 

"J-r?  Pr-  n-  m'  Libzah.  Y.  Shebi.  IV,  35a  bot.  W*tea 

'b  ma,  v.  mm. 


1Q23  (b.  h.j  cmp.  Sam.  33b  =  n33>,  Ex.  XXII,  21,  sq.) 
to  knock  about,  to  send  from  place  to  place.  Mekh.B'shall., 
Amal.,  s.  2  iniasb  xb  0ni3!*©  when  Abraham  was  to 
be  shown  the  holy  land  (Gen.  XI II,  14)  they  did  not 
trouble  him  to  leave  his  place,  ITOlBSb  n©31  but  Moses 
they  did  put  to  the  trouble  &c.  (Deut.  Ill,  27). — Part, 
pass,  :313b,  pi.  Di!3l3b:  outcasts.  Gen.  R.  s.  52,  beg.,  v. 
next  w. 

Nithpa.  aabm  to  be  troubled;  to  go  from  place  to  place. 
Sifre  Num.  84  they  began  to  murmur  against  the  king 
IT  "pi  b»  *l33bm©  that  they  were  troubled  to  make  that 
journey  (to  meet  him);  ib.  '31  'bns  dbi3©3©  . .  ."[ban  the 
king  had  a  right  to  complain,  for  he  had  taken  all  that 
trouble  for  their  sake;  Yalk.  Num.  729  (v.  Targ.  Hos.  IV, 
14  s.  v.  ©21). 

DIP  m.  (preced.)  trouble,  misery. — PI.  B'roab,  constr. 
i-J3b. '  Gen.  R.  s.  52,  beg.  (ref.  to  Prov.  X,  8  [fl>,  with 
play  on  -Jib)  tttpsfy  ">33b  1^2)  K"3n  Lot  brought  upon 
himself  the  miseries  of  the  outcasts  (ref.  to  Deut.  XXIII, 
4  sq.);  Yalk.  Prov.  946  O-^nb  ^J3b  troubles  after  troubles. 



nD3,  5*05  (contr.  of  3nb,  to  be  bright;  cmp.  3b3b, 
■,ab  II) ;  Pi.  na^b,  nab  to  blow  ablaze,  enkindle.  B.  Kam. 
VI,  4  (59b)  5PTJ  naban  ^bl  ma  K3  if  a  third  person  came 
(after  one  brought  the  wood  and  another  the  light), 
and  blew  the  wood  ablaze,  he  who  fanned  the  flame  is 
responsible;  'al  mm  nna^b  (Y.  ed.  ina^b,  Misb.  Nap., 
Ms.  H.  a.  R.  inab,  '3pb,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  30)  if  the 
wind  enkindled  it,  all  are  free.  Ib.  60a  mm  nra">bl  '"b 
if  he  blew  and  the  wind  set  the  fire  ablaze,  i"«iaba  U)"1  QX 
a^n  nniabb  ^ID  if  there  was  in  his  blow  enough  force 
to  set  it  ablaze,  he  is  guilty;  Tosef.  ib.  VI, 22  ina^l  na^, 
nia_Db  "no. . .  ed.  Zuck.  (Var. b  for  3).— B.  Kam.  1.  c.  "Oni  js«) 
'al  '3  "Wl  "|X73l...  'b  he  who  teaches  libbah  is  not  at  fault, 
nor  is  he  who  teaches  nibbah  (ref.  for  libbah  to  labbath, 
Ex.  Ill,  2,  for  nibbah  to  3^3,  Is.  LVII,  19);  Y.  ib.  II,  5L 
top  (ref.  for  nibbah  to  Jer.  XX,  9  'it  (the  word  of  proph- 
ecy, v.  X33)  was  in  my  heart  like  a  burning  fire').  Bab. 
ib.  1.  c.  '31  inabl  misa  mi3  ^blU  "pas  it  means,  if  he  blew 
while  there  was  ordinary  air  stirring,  and  then  an  un- 
usual wind  set  in,  and  blew  it  ablaze,  lb.  59 ''  lb  10a 
'bl  nbm  he  placed  in  his  charge  glowing  coals,  and  he 
(the  irresponsible  person)  did  the  blowing,  opp.  to  10a 
rsnbtn  lb.  Y.  Sabb.  Ill,  beg.  5C  'ai  M11M  mbs  naba  he  lets 
hatchelled  flax  blaze  over  the  hot  ashes  (so  as  to  form 
a  cover  on  which  to  place  dishes  for  the  Sabbath ;  Tosef. 
ib.  Ill,  2  ip^bin). 

Nithpa.  nabr-3  to  flame  up.   Sabb.  37 '  nnafewi  nadp 





if  after  having  covered  the  embers  with  ashes,  the  flames 
blazed  up  again;  Y.  ib.  1.  c.  nabrui. 

S'D^  m.  (b.h.;  preced.)  [the  flame-colored,  cmp.rvnx,] 
lion.  Snh.  95a  the  lion  has  six  names  '21  'b  "PE3  *W.  Ib. 
106a  fisoabb  'b  "pa  . ...  tB  who  will  dare  to  throw  his 
garment  between  the  lion  and  the  lioness? — PL  dn!!<ab. 
Y.  Peah  I,  16a  (ref.  to  Ps.  LVII,  5)  UTTO  *b  "Pntt3 . . .  ill  this 
refers  to  Abner  and  Amasah  who  were  lions  in  the  Law 
(v.  t1+»);  Pesik.  Par.,  p.  31b;  a.  e. 

&T21?  pr.  n.  pi.  (?)  Labia.  Y.  Shek.  VII,  2  Bab.  ed. 
'Vi  Xp-i:i2D  Ms.M.  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S.a.l.,  p.  63,  note,  ed.^b"!; 
Y.  ed.  50c  bot.  "iVi  'EX)  in  the  inn  of  L. 

n&TZ5,  ^"'l^  f.  (v.  SOab)  lioness.  Snh.  I06a,  v. 
JOab.— Midr.  Till.  toPs.  XXXIX;  Yalk.  ib.  721,  v.  Spate. 

■  t  '  t  •  :  • 

"Trf'  v.  x*ab. 

mrnb,  v.  ^ 

"33,  Tosef.  Shebi.  V,  7,  v.  rriB. 

nyD5,  v.  nsab. 

SST'3"lZlb  f.  ch.=h.  rtjab,  ferfet.  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XXIV, 
10,  v.  Kgtjrol.  Targ.  Gen.  XI,  3  ed.  Berl.  xr^ab  (oth.ed. 
xn^ab).— B.  kam.  96b  'b  ITmyi...,Wl  if  one  stole  earth 
.  .  .  and  made  it  into  a  brick;  X1SS  irp'OSI  'b  if  one  stole 
a  brick  and  crushed  it  to  powder;  a.  e. — PI.  ""'33?,  X*?ab, 
*Tb.  Targ.  Gen.  1.  c— Targ.  Ex.  V,  7  sq.;  a.  e. 

^P*2>m.  pi.  (v.  Dab)  caldrons.  Targ.  Y.  Num. 
XXXI,  23.'  ' 

D"pnnb,  pp-ob,  v.  onb. 

■p2TQ>>  \^l)t  '2n  =  "r^"l??nn,  v.  "fs-ebr;. 
tZftb,  v.  ©a>. 

KTijnnb,  v.  ^nb  ch. 

J  lIZj^Zl^  f.  (ijab)  putting  on,  dressing,  opp.  rWBJI)  un- 
dressing. Yoma  32a  '31  "JT2?I3  'b  iia  as  well  as  dressing 
(the  priest's  putting  on  his  priestly  garments)  requires 
sanctification  (washing),  so  does  &c. ;  Y.  ib.  Ill,  40c  tTQ 
31  85"lpU  'b  as  well  as  he  must  sanctify  himself  for  dress- 
ing &c.  Lev.  R.  s.  22  '=1  Tnnn  EPXbs  rrjpab  (I  forbade 
thee)  to  wear  clothes  of  mixed  material,  as  an  offset  I 
permitted  thee  &c. 

~\2*  to  hold  f(tst(v.V.SmA882).  Targ. Prov. XXXI,  19. 

bnb,  v.  abab  ii. 

3*53"  (v.  nab)  to  bloom,  sprout.  Yoma  391'  (ref.  to 
-""  r,"Q,I  Kings  X,  21  as  designating  the  Temple)  "Wl  na 
'31  ababa  as  the  forest  produces  sprouts,   so  does  the 

Temple.  Ib.  81b  (expl.  D^ca  nblb)  '31  tY*Va  'Obabtt)  b3 
such  as  sprouted  forth  between  New  Year  and  the  Day 
of  Atonement;  a.  e. 

3^25  I  ch.  same.  Targ.  Ps.  I,  3.  Targ.  Job.  VIII,  19  ; 
a.  e—  Ab.  Zar.  38b  "ababa  lpBSIX  by  the  time  they  leave 
(the  bathroom),  the  seeds  blossom. 

Ithpalp.  ababnx  same.  Targ.  Ps.  XCII,  8. 

3>J>II,  l"""^  (v.  preced.;  cmp.  meanings  of  bfis) 
to  shout  Targ.  Y.  IEx.  xiv,  13  xababa;  Illlbllba  OVtbiiba); 
(corresp.  to  nix,  Mekh.  B'shall.  s.  2).  —  Pesik.  Dibre,  p. 
nob  (expl.  -pp,  ^bnx,  Is.  X,  30)  -jbip  -pbab  (Ms.  0.  ynbab 
-jbpa,  read  "plbab;  oth.  Var.,  v.  Buber  a.  1.  note);  Yalk. 
Is.  284  p^bab  (,corr.  ace). 

&GtQ3,  fcO^nt),  *yO  m.  (abab  I)  bloom,  blossom. 
Targ.  Job  XV,  33  'b^b  (ed.  Lag.  'lba"b;  h.  text  naj.—  PI. 
pabab,  ^bab,  'a^b.  Targ.  O.  Gen.  XL,  10  (Y.  ed".  Amst. 
xnaibab).  Targ.  Num.  XVII,  23  (Y.  II  pms).  Targ.  Ps. 
I,  V^iabab  (ed.  Lag.  'baib,  Ms.  iiabib). 

1J>«J^  pr.  n.  pi.  Lablabo,  on  the  road  from  Acco 
to  Ecdippa.  Gitt.  7b;  Tosef.  Ohol.  XVIII,  14  -UXbsb;  Y. 
Shebi. V,  36b  bot.  abab.— Tosef.  I.e.  2  aiaab  ed. Zuck.  (Var. 
;:ab;  R.  S.  to  Ohol.  XVIII,  7  ',bab). 


Sn'01323  f.  (=  "iabab,  preced.  art.),  pi.  ni'sibab  Lab- 
labo grapes.  Y.  Bice.  I,  63a  bot. 

"|n333,  Pesik.  Dibre,  p.  110b,  v.  abab. 

l^Jv,  l>2  v  m.  (librarius)  copyist,  clerk,  scribe. 
Sabb]"l,3  (lla)  ;3l*'abn  xbl  (Y.  ed.  Vbh)  nor  must  the 
scribe  go  out  (shortly  before  the  beginning  of  the  Sab- 
bath) with  his  pen  (behind  his  ear);  Y.  ib.  3b  top.  Gitt. 
Ill,  1  '=1  'bb  lax  if  one  says  to  the  scribe  &c,  v.  Itt^, 
Snh.  171'  (among  the  requirements  of  a  town  in  which 
a  scholar  should  live)  'bl  "jdlX  XEl"i  a  physician,  a  surgeon 
and  a  clerk.  — Peah  II,  6  'bn  dins  (Ms.  M.  ^baan);  Naz. 
56b  'bil  Dirti  Nahum  the  scribe;  a.  fr.  —  PI.  l^bab,  *$. 
Sabb.  lla.  [Ib.  92b  '21  nizbd  "nbab  pffl  for  the  imperial 
scribes  cany  their  bags  that  way ;  prob.  to  be  read  "^ibaa, 

v.  ^ba-j.] 

"ibQb,  S")bnb,  (^b),  '2"b  eh.  same.  Targ.  II  Chr. 
XX,  34.  'lb.  XXIV.'ll ;  a..~e.—Pl.  p-lbab,  X^bab,  '^b.  Ib. 
XXXIV,  13 ;  17 ;  a.  e.— Targ.  Y.  II  Numixil,'"  ftfc&  WT»l, 
-p-ib^ab  *i,  read :  p'lba'v?  am  chief  clerk  (a  gloss  to  fXSTcmp 
q.  v.). 

Q3  I  (b.  h. ;  deuom.  of  nsab)  to  make  or  pile  bricks. 
B.  Mets.  X,  5  (1181')  D^3ab  IpHm  "pHl  but  you  are  not  per- 
mitted to  pile  up  bricks  (on  the  public  road).  Ib.  "pbaiA 

■p:alb  xb  bax tf«a  Ms.  M.  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note; 

ed.  D^ab;  Y.  ed.  d^^abb)  you  may  knead  clay  on  the 
public  road  (for  immediate  use),  but  you  are  not  permit- 
ted to  form  bricks;  (Y.  ed.:  but  not  for  making  bricks). 
Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Kam.  Ill,  7  ;  ib.  Ohol.  XVII,  7. 




"Q2  II  (cmp.  fiab)  to  glisten. 

Pi.  "jab  1)  to  polish,  brighten;  to  finish.  Sabb.  VII,  2 
isabafil .  .  .  TTUfi  he  who  clips  wool  and  he  who  cleanses 
it  (by  washing,  removing  clods  &c);  Y.  ib.  10c  top  isabafi 
'31  1B5a*l  "fifi  under  m'labben  of  the  Mishnah  is  implied 
(any  preparation  for  improving  raw  material,  e.  g.)  he 
who  pitches  wood  &c,  v.  ttgfy.  Ib.  DlUJa  3"^n  pw^afi 
"jaba  he  who  cleanses  amiant  (v.  pa3"pax)  comes  under 
the  law  forbidding  polishing  (on  the  Sabbath).  Tosef. 
Ber.  VII  (VI),  2;  Ber.  58a;  Y.  ib.  IX,  13c  top  '31  'bl  Ttt  he 
(Adam)  clipped  (wool)  and  cleansed  &c.  Ab.  Zar.  V,  12 
'31  *,a^  IliO  "jabb  .  .  .  13TH2)  fix  such  utensils  as  are  or- 
dinarily cleansed  by  being  put  in  the  fire  (metal  spits 
&c.)  he  must  cleanse  by  fire. — Gen.  R.  s.  70  (play  on  "jab, 
Gen.  XXIX,  5)  do  you  know  Him  '31  "jabb  iv©  NlfittJ  who 
will  cleanse  your  sins  to  make  them  appear  like  snow 
(Is.  I,  18)?;  a.  fr.— Part.  pass,  "jaiba  finished,  polished,  re- 
fined. Nidd.  31a  (of  an  embryo)  niTal  'ba  well-formed  and 
of  strong  vitality;  Snh.  70b;  Num.  R.  s.  10.— Ib.  S»lTia  'ba 
finished  (refined)  in  wickedness,  v.  01&31BX;  Gen.  R.  s.60; 
Ruth  R.  to  II,  1;  Yalk.  Gen.  109.  —  Esp.  a)  to  glaze  tiles; 
to  heat  tiles.  Bets.  IV,  7  (33a)  '31  nx  paaba  pK  you  must 
not  heat  (new)  tiles  (on  Holy  Days)  for  roasting  on  them ; 
Y.  ib.  IV,  end,  62d  Qipiiaa  psaba  1aX1  "jKa  he  who  says 
that  you  may  heat  tiles  &c,  refers  to  such  as  have  been 
tested  (to  be  sound  under  fire). — b)  (of  metal  utensils,  v. 
supra)  to  glow.  Hull.  8a  '31  p3b  'b  if  one  made  a  knife 
glowing  hot  and  cut  with  it;  a.  fr.  —  Part.  pass,  ^aiba,  f. 
nsaiba.  Y.  Yeb.  XVI,  15c  bot. 

Hithpa.  "iabnn,  Nithpa.  "jabro  l)  to  grow  white,  gloss?/, 
be  cleansed.  Ex.  R.  s.  23  (play  on  fiabtfj  a.  fiabiy)  fiabujfi  fia 
nsabnal  milfil  robsbna  nxTfi  as  the  garment  gets  soiled 
and  is  cleansed  again  &c. ;  (Yalk.  Cant.  982  HOaana).  Ib.; 
Cant.  R.  to  1, 6  1BU  '3  his  tanned  skin  became  white  again,  v. 
oa-ia.— 2)  to  be  glowed,  heated.  Sabb.  27b  ^Vw*tt0...p61WTI 
bundles  of  flax  are  considered  finished  after  they  are 
baked;  Sifra  Thazr.,  Neg.,  Par.  5,  ch.  XIII. 

Hif.  pabfi  l)  to  grow  white.  Neg.  I,  6  HS^VrYi . . .  Wi  if 
the  hair  was  black  and  turned  white.  Ib.  IV,  4  . . .  plph2> 
paba  "jttJSfil  if  their  roots  are  black  and  their  tops  white. 
Yoma  VI,  8;  a.  fr. — 2)  to  whiten,  cleanse.  Cant.  R.  toV,ll 
'31  Cp3  pabfib  to  make  white  one  wing  of  a  raven.  Yoma 
39b  the  Temple  is  called  Lebanon  '31  pabattJ  because  it 
cleanses  the  sins  &c  — Keth.  59b  ma  M*  *p|^B  fiSllfi 
he  who  desires  to  make  his  daughter  white-complexioned 
(handsome);  a.  e.  —  Transf.  (with  d^DB)  to  put  to  shame, 
expose.  Ab.  Ill,  11  '31  iJB  pabafi  he  who  exposes  his 
fellowmau  to  shame  in  public.  B.  Mets.  59a  Dltfb  lb  fi13 
'31  paV>  b&tl  .  .  .  b^tti  man  should  rather  have  himself 
thrown  into  a  furnace  than  put  his  neighbor  to  shame. 
Yalk.  Deut.  938  Di-PDB  paba  rx  I  should  put  them  to 
shame;  (Pirke  d'R.  El.  ch.  XLIV  fibaa,  v.  fibs).  B.  Mets. 
58b  Enal  -jBTO  "fat/a  .  .  pabafi  b3  he  who  puts  his  neigh- 
bor to  public  shame  is  considered  as  if  he  shed  blood ; 
a.  fr.— Y.  Succ.  V,  55c  bot.  (play  on  bai)  V8  fia3  pab'auj 
lat  it  shames  (excels)  many  a  musical  instrument. 

Q^  ch.  (denom.  of  Xjab,  cmp.  fi"1^)  to  liave  a  strong 

rest;  to  be  well  balanced,  Babb.  104;|  h'WTa  sits  ipuj  a"a 

^sab  *,aba  nasi  Ms.  M.  why  has  the  word  "ipia  one  single 
foot  (in  the  letter  p),  while  the  letters  of  fiatf  have  a  level 
foundation?;  (ed.  ffiwab  ^aba  nasi  *np  wna  Kinx  XTp^US 
falsehood  (1pU3)  stands  on  one  leg,  while  the  foundation 
of  truth  (naX)  is  level). 

Pa.  "jab  to  found,  rest.  Erub.  14a  '31  Woa  S-fib  paba 
you  may  form  a  level  rest  for  it  by  plastering,  partly  on 
this,  partly  on  the  other  side,  so  that  it  will  be  firm. — 
Part.  pass,  "jaba,  v.  supra. 

"Ij"  I  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  m.  Laban,  son  of  Bethuel,  freq. 
^1l!<nT/b  L.  the  Aramaean.  Snh.  105a.  Ab.  Zar.  3a  'b  X13^ 
'31  let  L.  come  and  give  testimony  for  Jacob  &c.  Gen. 
R.  s.  60,  v.  Ot531BK.  Koh.  R.  to  II,  26;  a.  fr. 


jJ>  II  m.  (b.  h. ;  v.  "jab)  ivhite;  tohite  color,  white  sub- 
stance. Gen.  R.  s.  73  'b  "3  a  white  child,  opp.  ifflia.  Men. 
IV,  1  'bfi  fiS . . .  fibafifi  the  absence  of  the  blue  fringe  is 
no  obstacle  to  using  the  white  one  &c.  Bekh.  451',  v.pfia. 
Lev.  R.  s.  31  '31  'bfi  -|ina  fixn  a*W  pK  man  does  not  see 
through  the  white  (of  the  eye).  Yoma  75a  rpbsias  'b,  v. 
*»  II.  Ib.  VII,  4,  a.  fr.  'b  ^3  garments  of  white  stuff. 
Ib.  1,  v.  rfkabX;  a.  v.  fr.— 'b(fi)  rTTto  a  bright,  shadeless 
field, vegetable  or  grain  field,  opp.'jb^S  filttJ  orchard.  Shebi. 
II,  1.  M.  Kat.  I,  4C;  a.  fr.— PL  d^ab,  piab.  Mikv.  VIII,  2 
d^aiUaS  'b  (d^a)  white  and  cohesive  matter  (urin).  Tosef. 
Sabb.  I,  22  'bfi  white  garments,  opp.  p"ias  colored  ;  a.  fr. 
—Fem.  fisab.  Y.  Shek.  VI,  49d  bot. ;  Cant.  R.  to  V,  11  ITS* 
'b  white  fire.  Sifra  Thazr.,  Neg.,  Par.  5,  ch.XIII  D^filUS  fia 
'b  las  *]X  'b  as  'linen'  means  'of  natural  white  color',  so 
does  'wool'  &c.  Gen.  R.  s.  73  'b  IX  fillfil!)  is  it  the  portrait 
of  a  black  or  of  a  white  person  ? ;  a.  fr. — PL  fiisab.  Mace. 
20b  '31  'b  dpbaa  when  he  plucks  the  gray  hair  from 
among  the  black.   B.  Kam.  60b;  a.  fr. 

"D5  ch.  1)  same.  Targ.  Y.  Gen.  XXX,  37,  v.  next  w.— 
*2)  =  X23b,  brick.    Targ.Y.  II  Ex.  XXIV,  10  (Y.  I,  a.  O. 

px ;  h.text  roab). 

"Dr,  "Q5  n^<j  m-  ch.=h.fi33b,  white  poplar.  Targ. 
O.  Gen.  XXX,  37  (Y.  pb  filBI,  v.  fi^B).  Targ.  Hos.IV,  13. 

"htp>  v.  *,aib. 

MDb,  ,mO  m.  brick;  pi.  p?ab,  'a^b,  v.  Mnpab. 

nDD^j  "l5<>  f-  (b-  h-j  P^  ^°  stamp,  tread,  cmp.  lab; 
v.  Schr.  KAT2,'p.  121  note)  brick.  Lev.  R.  s.  23  (ref.  to 
Ex.  XXIV,  10,  cmp.  Targ.  Y.  ib.)  bax  ibWD  xbtt  19  fit 
'zi  "ifiifib  'b  buj  fia*fi  fin^fi  pin  ibxssttja  this  (brick  of 
sapphire  under  his  feet)  was  before  they  (the  Israelites) 
were  redeemed,  but  after  their  redemption  the  brick  was 
placed  where  it  belonged.  Kel.lX,6  '31  fisbsitt  'b  a  brick 
in  which  a  metal  ring  has  entirely  disappeared;  Tosef. 
Mikv.  VI  (VII),  12  '31  'ba  fiSWDU;  nsaa  a  ring  which 
was  stuck  into  a  brick  of  soft  clay.  Ab.  Zar.  46u  'b  qptu;, 
v.  5]pt ;  a.  fr—  PL  D^ab,  "*&.  Ex.  R.  s.  5.  Pirke  d'R.  El. 
ch.  XL VI II  'bfi  pilb  pa  between  the  layers  of  bricks.  B. 




Bath.  I,  1;  a.  fr.— Trnsf.  Vbenah,  the  larger  portion  of  a 
line  filled  out  with  writing ;  [Rashi :  the  blank],  v.  IT^t*. 

rrab,  b  rpa  v.  nr». 

n3!2^  f-  (b.  h.)  1)  fern,  of  ",2V  q.  v.— 2)  moon.  Ber.  59b. 
Erub.Ve*  '=1  'ba  IX  'b  n^TKI  Kim  provided  the  new 
moon  sets  in  either  at  the  moon-hour  (the  second  hour 
of  the  night  of  the  first  day  of  the  week  and  every  eighth 
hour  suceeding)  or  under  the  planet  Tsedek  (Jupiter). 
Fesik.  R.  s.  15,  a.  fr.  'ft  tKXO,  v.  IT»  II.  lb.  'Vn  TblO,  v. 
SV».   Gen.  R.  s.  33,  end  'bil  Wltf",  v.  DY»;  a.  fr. 

■tob,  atob,  v.  iabab. 

113—  *  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  Lebanon,  the  mountain  range  in 
the  north  of  Palestine.  Cant.  E.  to  IV,  15  ...  StnriUJ  IS 
'b  poa  until  the  decision  (Halachah)  sprouts  forth  (bright) 
like  a  kind  of  Lebanon;  ib.  V,  12  (cmp.  abab) ;  a.  fr.— 
Metaph.  King;  Temple.  Sifre  Deut.  6  ;  Gitt.  56b;  Yoma 
39b,  v.  ",?b.  —  [Y.  Kil.  I,  27a  bot,,  'b  ^"fTD,  v.  paVte^TS. 

n^'lDIlb  f.  Qab)  whiteness.  Neg.  IV,  4  'ba  WP  rraa 
how  much  of  the  hair  must  be  white  (as  a  symptom  of 
leprosy)?— Lev.  R.  s.  14  'b  bl!5  rWB  (not  rP3lbab)  a  drop 
of  white  matter;  Yalk.  Lev.  547.  Lev.  R.  1.  c.  rfliab  blU; 
Yalk.  1.  c.  Waiaab  btt3;  "Jin/ib  bffl;  (Ar.  PWM  fc»,  some  ed. 
one  w.  rvynabia,  corr.  ace). 

*  *i«—  "_i  v.  preced. 

yoDb,  i?nb,  Pi.  0f  wvov. 

"|2Z~,  '2"~  ch.=h.  -p3D>.  Targ.  Is.  XXIX,  17;  a.  e.— 
•Vl  sp-iN,  v.  Kj3"lH  II. 

*C2~  m.  (Xe^t);;  cmp.,  however,  DSb)  caldron.  Kel. 
XIV,  1  '(Var.  OEb);  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Mets.  IV,  1  '31  "^B  ^1  the 
caldron  (if  defective)  must  be  capable  of  serving  as  a 
receptacle  for  cups  (in  order  to  be  fit  for  uncleanness). 
—  PI.  Tp"nb.  Sifre  Num.  158  ■pO'ab  (corr.  ace;  Pesik. 
Zutr.  Matt.,  p.  279  ed.  Bub.  'p&isb) ;  v.  K*0^>. 

li???i  v.  ijjib. 

.  ninnip  pr.  n.  Libruth,  a  river  or  canal.    B.  Mets. 

87a  'Vi  vernm  is  r^i  nyia  (Ms.  m.  nnab,  Ms.  r.  rrtafc, 

v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  it  requires  a  Vav  as  large  as  a 
rudder  on  the  L.;  Meg.  16b  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.l.  note  6,  a. 
&*T?!  II). 

*]iTJ"p5,  "jiiajlQ^  m.  (Xapparov,  Xaupeaxov,  S.) 
the  emperor's  portrait  wreathed  with  laurels.  Yalk.  Ez. 
356  '31  "jVa  b®  fWCb  Clbaa  (corr.  ace.)  she  took  the 
king's  portrait  and  used  it  as  fuel  for  making  a  hot  drink, 
lb.  ib»  pyfla  (corr.  'aba);  Lam.  R.  to  I,  9  iOC-ilb,  read 
KO^yA  (laureata,  sc.  imago).  [Ar.  s.v.  WQ,  quotes  a  Var. 
pmflD,  for  pmYO,  a.  expl.  our  w.  =  Dlpalp.] 

"j"lnn!2>,  Yalk.  Esth.  1056,  v.  'p^a. 

&OT"Q>,  J~Q3  m.  pi.  (v.  "^TD  I)  Liburnian  ships. 
Targ!  Y.'  li  Num.  XXIV,  24  '31 ',»  'ba  (ed.  Amst.  K^aba, 

corr.  ace)  on  Liburnian  ships  from  Rome;  (Y.I  &0313ab  "p 
fiObliiK  Sl&rai  from  Liburnia  and  the  land  of  Italy).  Targ. 
Y.  H  Deut.  XXVIII,  68  (Y.  I  K"«sV^);  v.  TT&k 

Hi7Z2^  (b.  h.)  [to  join  closely;  denom.  icob  garment, 
whence]  oab,  UJab  to  be  dressed;  to  put  on  (an  under- 
garment), contrad.  to  q»S,  !"J03.  Y.  R.  Hash.  I,  57 b  top 
'31  qasrrai  Di-ilTOJ  ttJaib  ....  D1X  a  defendant  before  a 
human  court  puts  on  dark  clothes  and  wraps  himself  in 
dark  clothes,...;  '31  OitfJaib  xbx  ",3  l^X  bvrvsn  ba&t  but  not 
so  the  Israelites  (on  the  New  Year),  but  they  put  on  white 
(festive)  clothes  &e  M.  Kat.  17a  '31  qosm  fi-nirraj  toa^ 
let  him  put  on  dark  clothes  &e;  Kidd.  40a;  Hag.  16a. — 
Gen.  R.  s.  75  bits  ''ttbft;  Yalk.  ib.  130  ^TUiab,  v.  bna.  Ex. 
R.  s.  15  '31  tIJiabb  *H3  D'WQ  strong  enough  to  wear  helmets 
&e ;  a.  fr.— Part.  pass.  BSbb,  pi.  tWtab.  Ib.  inxi  D115  *ipx 
'b  one  (the  depth)  was  naked,  the  other  (the  earth)  was 
covered  (with  water).  Pesik.  Ahare,  p.  177b  '31  D"0ab  'b 
clad  in  white  and  wrapped  in  white.  Yalk.  Gen.  130,  v. 
supra;  a.  fr. 

Pi.  "flab  to  invest;  part.  pass,  aaiba.  B.  Bath.  122a  'ba 
'31  D"Hli<  invested  with  the  Urim  and  Tummim.  Tosef. 
Ohol.  XIII,  5  [read  with  R.  S.  to  Ohol.  XII,  4)  ttttti  fOba 
nip^Sa  ©alba  a  bed  frame  upholstered  with  tufts. 

Hif.  aStairi  to  clothe,  invest.   Ex.  R.  1.  c B**8»n 

l"P3nb  Werabrilhe  caused  one  slave  to  take  off  his  garment 
and  the  other  to  put  it  on.  Sot.  14a  qx  . . .  UPaba  KV\  ITB 
'31  TZJabfi  nnx  as  He  clothes  the  naked...,  so  do  thou  &e 
Tanh.  Haye  3  '31  -pi  "b3  "^abai  (not  a^abai)  and  clothes 
them  in  armor  &e  Ib.  (ref.  to  Ps.  CIV,  1)  rp  naabrtU  VWiPi 
n^a  that  is  the  strength  with  which  I  invested  thee  at 
the  Red  Sea.  Ib/31 1©S<*ib  tW$*)  yum  -niri^  part  of  thy 
glory  and  majesty  hast  thou  put  on  Abraham's  head  by 
granting  him  the  dignity  of  old  age.  Yoma  5 b  "i^'abti  ^iS^a 
in  what  order  did  Moses  clothe  them? — Y.  Shek.  V,  49a 
(expl.  ahpBan  Ores,  ib.  V,  1,  Mish.  ed.  VK&HBtl  b>3>)  TttW 
'31  ilJa  la^aba  he  invested  (the  appointed  person)  with 
(had  in  charge)  the  high  priest's  garments;  a.  fr. 

I2J5?»  '^^^»  ^1rl<1  ch- same-  Tar8-  Gen-  XXXVIII, 
19;  a.  fr.— Part,  diab,  ^ab.  Targ.  Job  XXVII,  17.  Targ. 
Ez.  IX,  2;  a.  fr.— Ber.  28a  ^Ktfl  Vfm  dab^  K*ia  Wlb~l  pta 
niirabx  jtJXI ...  let  him  who  has  been  invested  with  the 
priest's  cloak  wear  it;  or  shall  he  who  is  not  invested 
say  to  him  who  has  been,  take  off  thy  cloak,  and  I  will 
put  it  on  ? ;  i.  e.  let  us  respect  the  hereditary  office  of 
the  Nasi,  v.  rtW.  Keth.  54a  tf&ah  inainOS'W  WWfriai 
SOS  she  put  on  all  her  dresses  and  wraps.  Sabb.  10b  [read :] 
",-ppi  ^'^tfjiabx  xrVvp  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  30)  cloaks 
are  precious  on  those  who  are  invested  with  them,  i.  e. 
a  pupil  likes  to  quote  his  teacher;  a.  fr. 

Af.  la-obx  1)  same.  Targ.  Ps.  XCIII,  1 ;  a.  e.— Ber.  1.  e 
Ms.  M.  i-Pi'vaabK,  v.  supra.-2)£o  clothe.  Targ.  Ps.  CXXXH, 
16.  Targ.  Job  XXIX,  14  i2:cabxi  and  it  clothed  (protect- 
ed) me;  a.  e.  — Kidd.  30b  n^Co'in  no-sbJI  (not  tlTWjVl) 
and  let  him  clothe  and  cover  her.  Y.  Keth.  XII,  35a 
top  "W«Sab»;  Y.  Kil.  IX,  32b  top  i3TOaba  (corr.  ace),  v. 
fitp-fiptt.  Tam.  32a;  a.  e.— Trnsf.  to  take  hold  of,  seize. 
Kidd.  81b  pneabx  "IS"1  (her  bashfulness  in  the  presence  of 




her  father  is  a  sign  that)  sensuality  has  seized  her;  Keth. 
51bi"Umbst  "is"1  passion  has  overpowered  her  (she  speaks 
under  the  influence  of  sensual  excitement). 

A,  Mb  or  «|b,  v.  *fc>  KB& 

Wb,  "«&,  v.  K$. 

Dp"tf  5,  Y.  Sabb.  V,  beg.  7b,  v.  Wip^M. 

»TD"Ub,  v.  **a*. 

?Jp  (denom.  of  taba)  to  stack  ivith  the  pitchfork.  Tosef. 
Sabb/lX  (X),  10  yTSftl  ....  D"0D  if  two  take  hold  of  a 
pitchfork  and  stack;  Sabb.  92b;  Sifra  Vayikra,  Hobah, 
ch.  IX,  Par.  7. 

"pI2JUj  'J"1*  m.  (legatum)  bequest,  legacy.    Snh.  91a 

'Di  'b  arott  ax  Ar.  s.  v.  aa  (ed.  ?•»»  insu;,  Ms.  m.  "po^a, 

v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  if  a  father  made  a  bequest  to  his 
children  in  his  life-time;  Yalk.  Gen.  110  'pEr^ft  (read 
•p-jyibp/.).— R.  "pW'fc,  «©*/&  (legata).  Tanh.  Noah  14 
Abraham  was  the  first  (in  the  Bible)  mentioned  for  old 
age,  for  a  wayfarers'  inn,  'bai  and  for  disposing  of  prop- 
erty in  life-time  (ref.  to  Gen.  XXIV,  6). 

fc^"1^  f.  (Xa-j'sta,  sub.  Sopa;  v.  Liddle  et  Scott  Greek- 
Engl.  Lex.7)  hare-skin.  Gen.  R.  s.  20  Mus.  (ed.  Titab,  Ar. 
xab);  Tanh.,  ed.  Bub.,  B'resh.  24  ^OiA  read  fY*&  Xorfsiov, 
sub.  8ip\ia). 

VPJ",  |PJ1"0  m.  (legio)  Roman  legion,  in  gen.  legion, 
troops!  Ber.  32b,  v.  anaoa.  Tosef.  Hull.  VIII,  16  '31  iai3>  'b 
if  a  Roman  legion  passes  from  quarters  to  quarters, 
whatever  has  been  used  as  a  cover  or  shelter,  (v.  bfiN) 
is  unclean;  Hull.  123a.  Gen.  R.  s.  4,  end  ilirp  'b  an  in- 
tractable legion.  Tanh.  Vayesheb  3  naUZWl  tt&O  inst  'b 
"31  "j'U&O  (not  Twi<"i)  a  legion  of  fine  and  distinguished  men, 
their  heads  reaching  up  to  the  capital  of  pillars ;  a.  fr. — 

PL  jwaV,  a-oi-ob,  niaria^  'nb.  ib-  -i  F*  ^s  ^  these 

legions  are  not  worth  anything  (in  the  economy  of  Pro- 
vidence). Num.  R.  s.  i  'bn  D2  wab  nssra  . . .  rata  -px  it 
is  not  worthy  of  the  King  that  his  own  legion  (body-guard) 
be  counted  with  the  legions.  Y.  Taan.  II,  65 ''  bot.  '~  'pV 
D"UUp  two  wild-tempered  legions.  Ex.  R.  s.  15  ip"rt\a  D1311 
JtTBIIB  'bf\  lb  a  general  before  whom  the  legions  cast 
the  purple  cloak  (whom  they  proclaim  emperor).  lb. 
'31  "pi'abn  fcOxial  and  leads  the  legions  out  (in  parade), 
and  this  dates  the  beginning  of  his  rule.  Lev.  R.  s.  16,  end 
iblU  'b  <"l"2pri  K"flp  the  Lord  summons  his  legions  (to  ex- 
ecute punishment);  a.  e. 

"jTJD,  NDYl?!?,  'nb  ch.  l)same.— Pl.)mb,">b.  Targ. 
Y.  Num."  XIII,  l.'l'b.  XXIV,  24;  Targ.  Ez.  XXX, 9  (li.  text 
D-CJ).  [Targ.  Job  XV,  24  *Va  SOfinoixb  "insa  quot.  in  Nah- 
manides  a.  1.  ready  to  go  around  among  the  legions;  ed. 
pnalbab  Diaia'X.] — 2)  (popular  corrupt.  =  legatus)  legate, 
delegate.  Lev.  R.  s.  30  '31  "aaab  'b  in  ^iba?  nas  (Ar.  'b 
xabal ;  Tanh.  Emor  18  "]ba  btU  n^ttJ)  a  royal  legate  passed 
by,  sent  to  collect  taxes;  Pesik.  Ul'kah.,  p.  182a. 

■pffyfe  v.  liaab, 

SCU5,  v.  next  w. 

TTEP^J  f.  (Dab,  v.  X^Jlb)  1)  quaffing,  taking  a  draught. 
Y.Sot  I,161'  bot.  '31  UJbluW'ab  *na  (Bab.  ib.4a  s>aab  "na,  v. 
Xaa)  as  much  time  as  is  required  for  quaffing  three  roast- 
ed eggs. — 2)  (in  gen.)  eating  and  drinking,  entertainment. 
Snh.  103b  '31  npvnnm  'b  nblTl  a  little  refreshment  plays 
an  essential  part,  for  its  refusal  estranged  two  tribes  from 
Israel  (Ammon  and  Moab,  v.  Deut.  XXIII,  4  sq.).  lb.  52a 
(ref.  to  Ps.  XXXV,  16)  'b  *pO">:>  by  mpb  WtM)  they 
flattered  Korah  for  the  sake  of  entertainments  (to  which 
he  used  to  invite  them);  Yalk.  Ps.  723. — 3)  living,  sup- 
port (our  'bread  and  butter').  Gitt.  7a(play  on  naaial  aVpS 
risoDOi,  Josh.  xv,3i)  traiiiTrnn  bv  xmb  np3tf  ib  urir  ia  bz 
•("H  ibnffiS"1  n2D3",3lUJ  if  one  has  cause  to  complain  of  being 
hindered  in  his  livelihood  by  his  neighbor  and  keeps  his 
peace,  He  who  dwells  in  the  thornbush  will  take  up  his 
cause.  Bekh.  35a  -jrimTl  s6  xaiabb  we  do  not  apprehend 
that  their  testimony  may  be  influenced  by  their  bread 
and  butter,  i.  e.  by  their  dependence  on  their  employers. 
— PI.  niaiab.  R.  Hash.  18a  '31  'b  "i  "1333  corresponding  to 
the  ten  meals  which  Nabal  gave  to  David's  servants 
(I  Sam.  XXV,  5). 

"PJP,'  Y.  Snh.  11,  20c  bot.  "pi  'b  UJiab,  read:  f*\. 

"T3  >>  m.  (33b,  v.  aib,  formed  like  yxp)  1)  bottle,  a  vessel 
smaller  than  12  and  larger  than  013.  T'bul  Yom  IV,  4 
'31  liixbai..  .'b  a  lagin  which  requires  sunset  to  be  clean 
(v.  baa)  and  which  was  filled  out  of  a  cask  containing  tithes 
(intended  forT'rumah);  Erub.36a;  Y.ib.III,21bbot.(corr. 
ace).  Tosef.  Ohol.  V,  10;  Ohol.V,4;  Hag.  22b  Ms.  M.  (ed. 
■plb);  ib.  26a  fHWB  'b  (read  SOB).  Ab.  Zar.V,  1  '31  &*&  ..tfsn 
the  gentile  put  his  wine  bag  on  it.  Tosef.  Ter.  VII,  16  'b 
U"F3!"lia  (ed.  Zuck.  ItTWDB,  corr.  ace.  all  the  suffixes  in  the 
sentence);  a.  e.— PI.  d^ab,  T^ab.  Tosef.  Dem.  VIII,  22, 
sq.  Kel.  XXX,  4  d">bTia  'b' large  flasks  (of  glass).  Y.  Hag. 
II,  end,  78c.  Kel.  XVI,  2  'bn  rf>2  a  case  of  wickerwork 
for  flasks ;  Tosef.  ib.B.  Mets.  V,  13  "p313ibn  rrt3  (coir. ace). 
Ib.  VI,  8  yS  bXB  .  .  .  'bn  t"P3  a  wooden  flask  case. — Bets. 
151'  'b  "bV2  ibbn  these  are  people  counting  their  wine  by 
laginin  (less  rich  than  the  "pa  ibiU,  but  wealthier  than 
the  ni&13  ibsa).— Yalk.  Sam.  161  ni3-<3b:3tf;  (the  water)  in 
the  bottles.  — *2)  also  nSTib  f.  a  garden-bed  requiring  a 
lagin  of  seed.  Ter.  IX,  5  TOVb  ns*a  Ms.  M.  a.  Y.  ed.  (Bab. 
a.  Mish.  ed.  n3ab)  one  hundred  beds  planted  with  T'rumaii 
seeds;  Tosef.  ib.  VIII,  4  )^b  nxa  ed.  Zuck.  (Var.  ":'3b; 
R.  S.  to  Ter.  1.  c.  quotes  3lb) ;  [v.,  however,  X3ab]. 

"P:b,  KJ^bm.,  WT?1^  NHjjbf.same.  Targ. 
Y.  Gem  XXIV,"  14—20  (hTtextl?).  Targ.  Jud.  VI,  38  Var. 
ed.  Lag.,  v.  KS/pb.  [Targ.  Y.  Num.  XIX,  4  "pab  "JO,  prob.  to 
be  read:  Tab'-jO.]— B.  Mets.  85b,  v.  &*.  Yalk.  Koh.  967, 
v.  XrWpb.—  PL  'ppab.  Targ.  Job.  XXXII,  19  (Var.  fSpb, 
Sp131T ;  h.  text  tVOk).  Targ.  Lam.  IV,  2  (h.  text  ib33). 

fc}P,i  'J"1V  (Pilp.  of  aib,  contr.  of  3^b)  1)  to  stammer, 




be  undecided.  Deut.  R.  s.  5  "pld  3^3ba  Tin  PX  do  not  give 
judgment  in  a  hesitating  manner  (speak  clearly  and  with 
full  knowledge,  cmp.  B3aa;  Yalk.  ib.  907  yp).  —  2)  (with 
bs)  to  sneer.  Sabb.30by3l  li?3>  'ip  a  certain  student  sneered 
at  him.  Ber.  39a  d3>13  ^3K  3P3pail  P3>  I  am  angry  with  him 
who  sneers;  Y.  ib.  VI,  10c  top  nj&als  tvA  iinK  why  didst 
thou  laugh?;  a.  e. 

J>J*  I  ch.  same. 

Ithpalp.  afclVnx  to  5c  sneered  at.  Targ.  Esth.  I,  17. 

J  ^J  ^  II  (=  ?3p3,  v.  333 ;  cmp.  2323  =  33>33>)  to  proclaim, 
boast.'  Targ.  Y.  I  Gen.  XXXIV,  31  rrtooa  3l:3ba  ed.  (Ar. 
h"WB3;  Y.  II  tmbZ  iN3na).— Gen.  R.  s.  64,  end  fctrin  p^T 
'31  3?3pa  go  and  announce  it  that  thou  didst  put  thy 
head  into  the  lion's  mouth  and  earnest  out  in  peace;  Yalk. 
ib.  Ill,  end. 

JH*J!>,  A  "  m.  (3^3^)  stammering.  Cant.  R.  to  II,  4 
(ref.  to  l?3*Jl  ib.)  '31 iai?3bl  even  the  child's  stammering  is 
pleasing  to  me. 

aOaO)  J  ~  m.  =  3i?3^!i  (n  rejected)  1)  purslane,  v. 
»ft?kj«— 2)  pi  constr.  ^JftaV,  '3^,  only  in  Vt«1  'p  stems 
of  the  mustard  plant.  B.  Bath.  18* ;  25b  i^Tin  '?  m?3lK 
they  (the  bees)  eat  the  stems  of  my  mustard  plants,  v. 


"jQJ^i  Tosef.  Kel.   B.  Bath.  VI,  9  '?  IPX  Var.,  read: 

sSjJl",  J"~  m.  (a  corrupt,  of  linea)  a  narrow  path 
between  fields.— PI.  "p33b.  Targ.  Is.  XXVIII,  25  Regia  (ed. 
Lag.  ■,>133i?,  Var.  "payfc;  ed.  T"3l;  h.  text  mitt);  cmp.  Low 
Pfl.  p.  221). 

njjri"  f.  same,  in  gen.  row,  bed;  v.  'pSP  2. 

OJD,  Pari.  Pa.  bj&a,  fo  stammer.  Hag.  15b  Ar.  (ed. 


Ojb,  Y.  Yoma  III,  41a  hot.,  v.  80ft. 

^jjTlb,  v.  agyift. 

T^lb  m.  (v.  VPpflb)  Laodicean.  Kel.  XXVI,  1  ?13d 
*P  (ed.  Dehr.  ^mb)  a  Laodicean  sandal. 

&<2n5,  WT5  m.=b.h.)yr,sheath.  Targ. I Chr. XXI, 
27.  Targ.'H  Sam.  XX,  8;— Targ.  I  Sam.  XVII,  51  (ed. 
Wil.  "13). 


'",  v.  K^tft. 

^5lb,  v.  *rb. 

Z2H5  to  glisten,  be  bright,  v.  <S%a/".  drilptt). 

3H  ."3  m.  (b.h.;  precedO/^atMe.-P^.d^tnV,  constr.  "Van"?. 
Deut.  R.  s.  1 1  tt)K  'p  -[ina . .  ,1»  T^ 1  aindestined  to  re- 
ceive the  Law  from  between  flames  of  fire. 

M  Jn5  ch.  same. — PI.  constr.  "^rtp.  Targ.  Y.  II  Deut. 
XXXIII,*  2.  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  Ill,  2. 

nDri!5  f.  (b.  h.)  same.  Deut.R.  s.  11  'P  ^Bltt)  flaming 

r^MDnb  ch.  same.  Targ.  Ps.  CVI,  18. 

Jin*  m.  (b.  h.;  denom.  of  i"l3i"i)  study.  Num.  R.  8.  14 
(ref.  to  Koh.  XII,  12)  '31  ■«10*l  '?3  fCnn  rtfii  dN  if  thou 
takest  great  pains  in  the  study  of  the  words  of  the  wise 
&c.  (v.  Erub.  21b  *gy  ya  ri31rin  ?3). 

WTjnb  =  »3tWt.  Targ.  Lam.  Ill,  62  Var. 

J  111  >  m.  (3nV)  flourishing,  brandishing.  Targ.  Nah. 
ni,3  '31  niriPXl  'PI  (ed.  Lag. '?  p">da  producing  sparks  by 
the  hoofs  of  the  horses). 

t3P5  (b.  h.;  cmp.  dfi?)  to  glisten,  gloto.  Gen.R.  s.  21, 
end  IT  noni?  tt)Na  .  .  pisa  ^a  what  will  save  my  children 
from  this  glowing  fire  (hell)?;  a.  e. —  Part.  pass,  din?,  f. 
nzft'rib;  pi.  lANl*),  "pwris;  ttrewni  gloiving;  (with  *TtN) 
passionately  following,  anxious  for.  Gen.  R.  s.  94  "inx  'p 
13113,  v.  -|i-ia.  Y.  Taan.  VI,  69 b;  Pesik  Dibre,  p.  114a  Witt) 
'31  inst  '?  PX1tt)i  (not  imtt))  the  Israelites  were  greedy 
for  sweet  things.  Gen.  R.  s.  22  fiaian  TW  '?  IV!  had  a 
passion  for  agriculture.  Cant.  R.  to  I,  4  riS^Stt)  "HMX  ...  'p 
the  Israelites  were  anxious  for  the  Divine  Presence;  a. 
fr.— Tanh.  Huck.  4  (ref.  to  Ps.  LVII,  5)  inx  fftgrft  Witt) 
1"rt?  (=  d^dlilb)  they  had  a  passion  for  denunciation; 
Mi  dr.  Till,  to  Ps.  VII;  Yalk.  ib.  637;  Yalk.  Kings  213 
OTSUlP;  Y.  Peah  I,  16a;  a.  e. 

Pi.  dSi"1!?  to  glow;  to  make  glowing.  Lev.  R.  s.  16  ttJKii 
l^rYO^ad  Hdftba  the  fire  was  shining  around  him.  Gen. 
R.  s.  21,  end  (ref.  to  Gen.  111,24)  inor&ai . . . roanna  X^ntt) 
'31  it  (the  fire  of  hell)  turns  around  man  and  heats  him 
through  from  top  to  bottom  &c.  Num.  R.  s.  18  tt)Xri  idm1? 
the  fire  seized  him ;  a.  e. 

tOn  5,  Pa.  drt  ch.  same,  to  heat.  Targ.  Y.  II  Deut. 
XXXII,'22  rcirf?!  (prob.  to  be  read:  ridrtVl). 

n"n'i!3nb,  Y.  Nidd.  m,  51*  v.  DM*;. 

D"1!^!!?  m.  pi.  (b.  h.;  Talm.  etymol.  fr.  utjb)  glitter- 
ing; delusions.  Snh.  67b  (ref.  to  Ex. VII,  11,  a.  22)  dnidba 
'31  dn^-jnbd  d^ltt)  ilttWa  IPX  'with  their  fe^'m'  (secret  art's) 
refers  to  works  of  demons,  'with  their  Vhatim' — to  works 
of  sorcery  (with.  ref.  to  drib  Gen.  in,  24). 

fcratanb,  v.  ^aidp. 

t  :         t 

"■"Jib,  Sllb  (cmp.  tin?)  [fo  6e  bent;  cmp.  &)?;,]  fo  6e 
tired.  Targ.  Is".  LXV,  23  ed.  Lag.,  v.  ^n.  Ib.  XLII,  4  "^J 
(ed.  Wil.  "rt5  ^/".;  ed.  Lag.  fptf,  v.  ^ri").— Part,  ^b,  pi. 
■p^iiK  Targ!  Y.  II  Deut.  XXV,  18  (h.  text  EpS% 

^i/".  n!^X  1)  same,  v.  supra. —  2)  fo  fire,  annoy.  Targ. 
Mai.  II,  17  (ed.  Lag.  "i?nx).— 3)  to  bend  (one's  self),  v.  nn>. 

bnb,  j^bnb,  ^bnb,  f.b*,  &n,  ^ 

Jl>,  Hithpa.  drftnfi,  v.  dribna. 







"lPI  2  =TnirX,  but,  only.  Taan.  12a  (quot.  fr.  Meg.  Taan. 
ch.  XII,  ed.  Meg.  Taan.  'pb). 

nJlb  (v.  ">nV>),  >!/•.  nn>K  to  bend  (one's  self).  Targ. 
II  Kings  IV,  34,'  sq.  (ed.Wil.  a.  Bxt.  ^rfsK,  v.Ti^Ar.nnlsK; 
h.  text  ire). 

U  unto  him ;  v.  ~b. 

^  (homiletic  interpret.)  =  Kb.  Gen.  E.  s.  73  .."©I  b= 

sfc  )it  'JUS  jnBab  b^aSE  ^  13  lltl  r*¥l  .  .  whatever  agree- 
ments Laban  made  with  Jacob,  he  retracted  mentally 
ten  times,  for  we  read  (Gen.  XXX,  34)  hen,  hi  yes,  no ; 
Yalk.  ib.  130. 

t  :  ■' 

n&flb,  v.  w*\ 
wb,  v.  *(& 
wb>  v.  *tijc. 

D*D  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  £%a,  v.  «<W&.  Y.  Kil.  VIII,  31c  Kin 

b^-ixa  K^n  'b  BPH  n~raK  this  proves  that  Lub  and  Egypt 
are  the  same,  v.  "Qlb. 

&Q13  m.  (preced.)  =  nKblb  Libyan.  Sabb.  51b  Klsn 
'b  a  Libyan  ass.— PZ.  ^Kb/fc.  Targ.Nah.  Ill,  9.  Targ.  II  Chr. 
XII,  3;  a.e.— Tam.32a  'V>  "nan,  v.  supra.— V.^b,  "•^WpV- 

Dtnaib,  DpTrnb,  v.  o<?p$i 

^b  m.,v.blb).L%aw.  Y.Kil.VIII,31c; 
Y.  Sabb.  V,  beg.  7b  an  Egyptian  bean  when  fresh  *pni1X 
'31  'b  tYb  is  named  Libyan,  when  dried,  they  call  it 
Egyptian  bean;  ...  *iXB  Kin  'b  Kin  hT«»  Kin  this  proves 
that  Libyan  and  Egyptian  means  the  same  (v.  bib).  Ib. 
'ba  ia  a  proselyte  descendant  of  a  Libyan.  Y.  Shebi.  II, 
34a  bot.  'bt  "pb^a  bunches  of  Libyan  beans. — PI.  dh3>lV 
Y.  Kil.  1.  c;  Y.  Sabb.  1.  c,  v.  biplb^b.  Ib.  'ba  b^Kbn  6i*tt 
proselytes,  descendants  of  Libyans ;  v.  "Hb^b. 

D'H'O'lb,  Yalk.  Deut.  950,  v.  1B«ft. 

rrrabaib,  v.-^ib. 

ID  U,  "Q3  m.  1)  ("jbb)  Wtife  matter,  white  color.  Gitt. 
57a,  a.  e.  ns'^S  'b  the  white  of  an  egg.  Neg.  IV,  1  'b  nKla 
the  white  color  (of  leprosy).  Nidd.  31a,  a.e.  'bn  the  white 
substance  (semen  virile).  Ib.  ^938  'bit  the  white  of  the 
eye;  a.  fr.— PI.  D*S3ft.  Koh.  K.  toV,10  'bn  ttaaiDplb  the 
white  (semen)  out  of  which  are  formed  the  white  sub- 
stances of  the  embryonic  body. — *2)  Cjbbl)  the  mass  of 
clay  for  bricks.  Pirke  d'E.  El.  ch.  XLVI1I  b"<  'b  pa 
in  the  clay  stamped  for  bricks. 

XO)  A^>  m.(b.  h.;  Mb  onomatop.  to  lick,  lap;  to  gurgle 
v.  Ges.  H.  Diet.10  s.  v.  Mb)  a  small  narrow-necked  vessel, 
Log,  a  liquid  measure  equal  to  the  contents  of  (or  the 
space  occupied  by)  six  eggs  (v.Herzfeld  Metrol.  p.46,sq.). 
Men.  IX,  2.  B.Bath.  90a;  Tosef.  ib.  V,  10.  Tosef.  Kel.  B. 
K;i m.  1 1.  2 ;  a.  fr.— PI.  b^Slb,  fvb,  "psfe.  lb. ;  Kel.  II,  2 ;  a.  fr. 

S3lb,  NiP  (or  N3b)  ch.  same,  1)  small  bottle.— PI. 
"\ab  or  i»b.  Yoiiia  83b  [read:]  "WSl  'M  WHrTO  (v.  Eabb. 
D.  S.  a.  1.  note,  a.  515B)  they  surrounded,him  with  bottles 
(of  cordials)  and  dishes;  (Ms.  0.  ^abl  ^SX  'inK  they  placed 
around  him  dishes  &c).  —  2)  Log,  v.  preced.  Targ.  Lev. 
XIV,  10;  a.  fr.  (some  ed.  Kaib).— Pes.  109a  KUJIpal  'b  the 
Log  measure  of  the  Temple.  Y.  Sabb.  VIII,  lla  bot.;  Y. 
Shek.  Ill,  47c  top  Kn^-ilKI  'b  the  Biblical  Log,  v.  KPOain; 
a.  fr.—  PL  paib.  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XXX,  24.  —  Y.  Ter.  X,  47b 
top;  a.  e. 

WD,  tlJpiJ  pr.  n.  m.  Loga.  Tosef.  Yomall,  7  -,1m© 
'b  p;T  Cant.  E.  to  III,  6  naib;  Y.  Yoma  III,  41a  bot.  bab 
(corr.  ace). 

D  13 D  A  l>  m.  (Xoyi<JT7j<;  =  curator  orbis  among  the 
Eomans)  market  commissioner.  Tanh.  Tsav  1  b^aba^b,  ed. 
Bub.  Global  (corr.  ace);  Yalk.  Lev.  479  GIGGaib;  Yalk. 
Mic.  555  Giaaib,  'isa^b  (corr.  ace);  (Tanh.  Balak  12  ba'b 


"|Jb^>  m-  (&&) 8tieerer.  Y.Ber.VI,  10ctop  ed.Lehm. 


SQJl^U  e,  pi.  p»a«lb  (bab,  v.  TVPxb)  puffed  up  cheek 
{filled  with  a  quaff) ;  'b  Kba  a  mouthful,  quantity  of  liquid 
filling  one  cheek.  Pes.  107a  Kaaib  Kba  (Ms.M.  TTBH&).  Yoma 
VIII,  2;  Tosef.  ib.  V(IV),  3  '21  VaMb  Kba  nnilin  he  who 
drinks  (on  the  Day  of  Atonement)  a  quantity  equal  to 
the  fill  of  his  cheeks;  expl.  Bab.  ib.  80a  and  corrected 
'b  Kba3  Ka^K  say  as  much  as  would  cause  the  appearance 
of  puffed  cheeks.  Y.  ib.  VII,  44d  bot.  [read  :]  'b  Kba3  *W\ 
nnK  Kaaibb  pia  . .  .  ¥%&  inal  there  is  a  version  (for  Kba 
TTOSlb):  l^aaib  Kba3,  and  what  is  the  difference?  (xbaa 
l^aaib  means)  a  mouthful  which  can  be  kept  in  one  cheek. 
Ib.  '31  p  b®  ioaift  the  mouthful  of  Ben  Abatiah  which  is 
more  than  a  quarter  of  a  Log;  a.  e. 

fcOJOJrD,  Snmft  Num.E.s.2  'b  ittin,  a  corrupt. 

for  K^aab  or  Kai^aab  (Xa-^veia  or  XaYVsujxa)  lewdness ; 
(Lev.  E.  s.  20  nxatB,  Ar.  Kn-J^T). 

bTCQDJlb,  v.  G^ob^ft. 

S©J^  m.  ch.  =  h.  tt5=b.  Y.  Sabb.  II,  beg.  4r. 

\0  (b.  h.  *&)  pr.  n.  pi.  Lod,  Lydda  in  South  Palestine 
(Eoman  name  Diospolis).  Maas.  Sh.  V,  2  blSan  *{0  'b 
Lod.  was  the  westernmost  term  (of  one  day's  journey 
from  Jerusalem).  Tosef.  Erub.  IX  (VI),  2.  Y.  Meg.  I,  70a 
bot.  '31  niSpla  .  .  .  'b  Lod  and  Ge  Haharashim  belong  to 
the  fortified  towns  of  the  conquest  days  (v.  a'TilHn^).  B. 
Mets.  IV,  3  'b  i-flrl  the  merchants  of  L.  Snh.  32b  '"1  nnK 
tt  1t3>^K  follow  E.  El.  to  L. ;  a.  fr. 

vO  (b.  h.)  Lud,  Lydia,  a  district  of  Asia  Minor.  Pes. 
50a;  B.Bath.  10b,  a.  e.'b  ^ann  the  martyrs  of  L.,  v.  K^pllb. 
— Tosef.  Yeb.  IV,  5  (confession  of  a  robber  captured  in 
Cappadocia)  *?b  inbrob  linain  i3K  I  killed  him  on  his 
entering  Lydia  (Laodicea);  Y.  ib.  II,  end,  4b;  Bab.ib.25b. 

IXTfoy  nilb  (nS"!7!^)   (cmp.  next  w.)  pr.  n.  m. 
Luda,  (Ludaah),  an  Amora.   Sabb.  96b  (Ms.  M.  mib:  Ms. 




O.  snib;  Yalk.  Ex.  413  *fo).    Ib.  137a  (Ms.  M.  mib;  Ms. 

0.  imb);  Yeb.  71b  nxTib.— Y.  Taan.  Ill,  67a  mib  '-i. 

M^TD  m.  1)  =h.  I'Tib  Lyddan.  Ab.  Zar.  S6a  'b  'wbaTU 
mOKp  thou  citest  Samlai,  the  Lyddan;  (Y.  ib.  II,  41d 
bot.  Wm).- Yeb.  71b,  v.  preced.  — P/.  wV?.   Ab.  Zar. 

1.  c.  i^bwi  'b  ^«ffl  it  is  different  with  Lyddan  scholars, 
because  they  disregard  traditional  laws.— 2)"150*lb  (denom. 
of  ludi,  the  latter  being  treated  as  a  geographical  term) 
people  hiring  men  for  gladiatorial  contests,  lanistae  (v. 
Sin.  Ant.  s.  v.  Gladiator).  Gitt.  46b  bot.  fWI  8*133  Stinn 
'"  rri's:  there  was  the  case  of  a  man  who  had  sold 
himself  to  the  Ludae.  Ib.  47a'bb...m"'pb  tfm  Eesh  Lakish 
had  sold  himself  &c— Y.  Ter.  VIII,  45dtop  ysTH  H33T  ib^St 
<D1  7-7-2  Ml  ■pwftb  (not  mn;  prob.  to  be  read:  y^b)  if 
thou  hadst  sold  thyself  to  the  lanistae,  thou  wouldst  have 
sold  (thyself)  at  a  high  price,  but  here  thou  hast  sold 
(risked)  thy  life  for  a  trifle.— V.  G*VP. 

HI" 5,  v.  x^b. 

"Tl"  m.,  pLffnii  of  Lod,  Lt/ddan.  Pes.  62b.  — [V. 
-'-''-.']— Fern,  rvnib,  pi.  ni^Tib.  Kel.  II,  2,  v.  man.— 
[V.  rrob.] 

S"TI~  ch.  =  nx^b,  same.  Ex.  R.  s.  3  'b  TOE2J  *C 

T    T  T  T         '  I 


U  \'\J  m.  pi.  (v.  rttJ'Tib  2)  1)  keepers  of  gladiators, 
also  gladiators.  Pes.  12,};  Sabb.  10a  'b  b=xa  the  meal  time 
of  the  gladiators  (to  whose  diet  special  attention  was 
paid).  Y.  Gitt.  IV,  end,  46lj  *bb  10SS  "OB,  v.  tlit^b  2.— 
2)  (=  ludi)  public  games.  Tanh.,  ed.  Bub.,  Noah  20  Dsba 
ffnaOpai  'ba  »impa  haipa  bflWl  Bal.  introduced  sleep- 
ing rooms  (for  prostitution),  dice,  public  games  and  div- 
inations; Tanh.  ib.  14  roam  D^aGpa  rfnibaa).— ["p^b,  Ab. 
Zar.  18b,  v.  ",1-iba.] 


rf'T15  f.,  pi.  Vfff^b  (v.  a^b) gladiator's  food  (of  beans 
or  wheat;  sagina  gladiatoria).  Bets.  14b  ",nn  ttttBSb *pPtl 
'"  wheat  (which  can  be  made  direct  use  of)  for  prepar- 
ing &c.;Y.ib.I, end, 6 lanv^a  br&«£  (corr.acc);  Tosef. 
ib.  J,  23  nvnb  ed.  Zuck.  (Var.  nvmb). 

CO  h^  m.  ladanum,  a  soft  resin,  a  product  of  the 
Cistus  (v.  Low  Pfl.,  p.  127;  Sm.  Ant.  s.  v.  Ladanum). 
Keth.  77b. 

P^TO,  Y.  Ter.  VIII,  45d  top,  v.  «*•*£  2. 

**TR  y^  pr.  n.  pi.  Laodicea,  name  of  several  towns, 
esp.  L.  ad  Lycam,  a  city  of  Asia  Minor,  counted  to  Lydia 
(v.  i:ib).  M.Kat.26a,  v.  SW}I.  B.Mets.  84a,  v.  p"}S.  Y.Ab. 
Zar.  Ill,  42c  top  KipTlb.  —  Koh.  E.  to  III,  17  ;  Taan.  18b; 
Treat.  S'mah.  ch.  VIII;  Sifra  Emor,  Par.  8,  ch.IX  (SOp">b); 
Meg.  Taan.  ch.  XII  (martyrdom  of  Lulianus  and  Papus, 
v.  Tib).  Gen.  R.  s.  11;  Sabb.  119a;  Pesik.  R.  s.  23. 

llv  m.  (ludarius,  not  recorded  in  Lat.  Diet., v. Sachs 
Beitr.  I,  p.  121 ;  P.  Sm.  1905)  a  gladiator  trained  to  fight 
beasts  at  the  Roman  games,  analogous  to  the  Spanish 

matador  (v.  Sm.  Ant.  s.  v.  Venatio  a.  Bestiarii).  Ex.  R.  s. 
30,  end,  v.  KWaft"*  Gen.  R.  addit.,  ed.  Wil.  p.  376  top, 
v.  oiaairia. 

t.  iib. 

mb,  v. 

T   T 

Tl  Jj  v.  ixb. 

"^113  m.  pi.  (Syr.  SOlb,  P.  Sm.  1905;  cmp.  abab  I) 
the  first  milk  after  delivery,  a  dainty  dish.  Targ.  Job 
XX,  17  (ed.  Lag.  'vb;  some  ed.  "*&  ;  h.  text  nxan).  Ib. 
XXIX,  6  (ed.Wil.  wb;  h.  text  rTBjPj).  Targ.Y.  Gen.  XVIII, 
8  3bm  Ipae  W\b  ed.  (Ar.  Nab);  Targ.Y. I  Deut. XXXII,  14 

"frnb,  "fpTb,v.?p-ab. 
rmb,rmb,  «rmb,  v.  **,  ««>. 

—  t  —  v  tt:  -'t 

mb,  ^"anb,v.Bib. 

t  :  t    t  :  t  : 

"pDTft  Ar.  quot.  fr.  Y'lamd.  to  Num.  XXIII,  7  or  18, 
or  XXIV,  3,— quid? 

CD  II*,  Gen.  R.  s.  20  Ar.,  a  corrupt,  for  CP20*ib  as  in 
ed.  a.  Yalk.  Gen.  32. 

SST^TD  f.  (pk)  curse,  v.  xnab. 

*ni5,  v.  ^xibx. 

^j?)  "I"l^>  m-  (Wb)  attachment. —  'b  aw  surname, 
epithet  Neg.  XIV,  6  'b  btt  . .  ailx  ba  xbl  nor  any  hyssop 
which  is  qualified  by  an  epithet  C^}"1,  "*qfh  &c.) ;  Par.  XI, 
7;  Succ.  13a;  Hull.  62b;  Sifre  Num.  124;  129;  a.  e.— Ned. 
VI,  9  (53a)  'b  DW  NlSlllJ  for  this  (the  addition  of  'field')  is 
a  differentiating  epithet. 

rrmb,  sn^iib,  v.  SUb  *& 

T      T    :  T  T     t  T  ■ 



■^jjnb,  v.  ^i^. 

*q*fTjrpb,  -jjrnb,  v.  sub  'p^b. 

rrnb,  v.  n*. 

">  I  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  pi.  1)  Luz,  in  Palestine,  identical 
with,  or  near,  Bethel.  Gen.  R.  s.  69,  v.  next  w.;  a.  e. — 
2)  Luz,  in  the  land  of  the  Hittites  (Jud.  I,  26),  supposed 
to  be  Lizan  in  Kurdistan  (v.  Ne,ub.  Geogr.,  p.  394),  a  place, 
mentioned  in  the  Talmud  as  still  existing,  from  which 
the  purple  blue  (nbsn)  was  imported.  Snh.l2a(in  a  secret 
letter)  'ba  D^awn  D*nai  (not  mfcOtt)  things  manufactur- 
ed in  Luz  (nban).  Sot.  46b  (ref.  to  Jud.l.  c.)  ■psaistl)  'b  son 
fHf\  it  is  that  Luz  where  they  dye  purple  blue,  which 





Sennaherib  left  undisturbed,  and  Nebucadnezar  did  not  de- 
stroy, and  where  the  angel  of  death  has  no  permission 
to  enter  &c;  Gen.  B.  s.  69  (applied  to  Gen.  XXVIII,  19). 

Jl*  II  m.  (b.  h.)  nut,  almond,  hazel-nut;  also  nut-tree. 
Bekh.  8a  'b  "j^fita  "p533l  corresponding  to  chickens  (hatch- 
ed in  twenty  one  days)  is  the  almond  tree  among  trees; 
Y.  Taan.IV,  68c  bot.  (ref.  to  lp!D,  Jer.  I,  11)  mm  'brt  na 
'31  as  the  almond  tree  requires  twenty  one  days  from 
blossoming  &c;  (Koh.  R.  to  XII,  7  IpTUS-l).  Gen.  R.  s.  69 
(ref.  to  lib,  y.  preced.)  '31  MB  lb  "p*  'b  na  (some  ed.  tb, 
fem.)  as  the  nut  has  no  opening,  so  nobody  could  find 
the  entrance  to  the  town.  lb.  '31  1al5>  ff*1  'b  a  nut-tree 
stood  before  the  entrance,  lb.;  ib.  s.81  end,  v.  30*1;  a.  fr. — 
Ft.trtb,  yn^Vi  Y.  Kil.  I,  27a  bot.,  v.  Na.313.— Trnsf.  btt  'b 
nine  the  nut  of  the  spinal  column,a  hard  vertebra,(Juder\- 
knochlein,  v.  Low  Pfl.,  p.  375  a.  quot.  ib.  from  Hyrtl,  Das 
Arabische  und  Hebr.  in  der  Anat.,  p.  165).  Lev.  R.  s.  18; 
Koh.  R.  to  XII,  5;  a.  e. 

?l5,  JKjlb  ch.  same.  Targ.  Gen.  XXX,  37.  —  PI.  pfa 
RW&  Targ.  Y.  I  Num.  XVII,  23  (Y.  II  XTVb  13  fflVj  h. 
text  D^ptt5).   Targ.  Y.  Gen.  XLIII,  11. 

ll*  III  (b.  h.)  to  turn,  bend,  twist. 

Nif.  Tibs  to  be  perverse,  v.  infra. 

Hif.  rWj  or  T^n  to  fotrn.  Kil.  IX,  8  (play  on  ii  in 
BUJTB,  v.  W)  l">bs>  ta^attniB  vnx  nx  Kin  t^bai  tib;  (or  t^al) 
he  (who  disregards  the  law  of  HKSttJ)  is  perverse  and 
turns  his  Father  in  heaven  against  him;  [Comment. 'and 
turns  away  (estranges)  his  Father ....  on  his  account']. 

VO  TV  (v.  T?b)  to  talk  about,  sneer,  talk  disrespectfully. 

Hif.  t^h  same.  Y.Dem.  II,  22c  bot.  vbs  Ff$j  ^=tl  "f*1 
all  people  talked  against  him.  Lev.  R.  s.  6,  beg.  Cant.  R. 
to  IV,  12  '31  inK  "prta  hTnan  blp  saUil  heard  the  people 
talk  evil  of  his  daughters.  Gen.  R.  s.  54  )T\HQ  "prba  spoke 
disrespectfully  of  the  ark  (v.  Sot.  35a  sq.); — Y.  Shek. 
V,  49a  bot.  -prba  (some  Bab.  ed.  "pnsba). 

S?l5,  v.  Wi  II  ch. 


rmb,  v.  m^. 

ITD  I  (or  IT  2)  (cmp.  nib)  to  join. 

Pi-  nilb  (denom.  of  next  w.)  to  place  straps  close  to- 
gether so  as  to  form  a  boardlike  surface.  Part.  pass. 
rnjVo,  pi.  "prnjb-a.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.  VIII,  6  (R.  8.  to 
KeL  XVIII,  5  reads  DTtV,-ra,  v.  nil). 

nl>  II  m.  (b.  h.;  preced.;  cmp.  f|1)  tablet,  board.  Y. 
Shek.  VI,  49d  bot. ;  Ex.  R.  s.  47,  a.  e.  '31  nt  'b  bs  niran 
five  commandments  on  one  tablet  &c. ; — PI.  ninib 
(mostly  of  the  tablets  containing  the  ten  commandments); 
t^nilb,  "pnllb,  constr.  Yplb.  lb.  Ber.  8b  '31  'b  "na»1  'b  the 
(second)  tablets  and  the  broken  tablets  were  both  preserved 
in  the  ark,  (therefore  despise  not  an  old  scholar  when 
his  memory  forsakes  him);  B.  Bath.  14a;  Men.  99a.— Y. 
Kil.  IX,  32b  top  n-nnn  'b;  Y.  Keth.  XII,  35a  top  'b  (met- 
aphorically for  R.  Jehudah  han-Nasi ;  (Keth.  104a  "jinx 
ampn,  v.  tom)',  a.  fr.— Meg.  32a,  v.  rWtt.—  Tosef.  Kel. 

B.  Mets.  VIII,  4  '31  -pnilb;  Sabb.  47a  Q^nilb  (Ar.  ed.  Koh. 
BTTib,  oth.  ed.  d^mb) ;  Tosef.  ib.  X11I  (XIV),  1 5 ;  Y.  ib.  XII, 
beg.  13c,  v.  031-JD.  Sabb.  XII,  4  Sp3S  TPfli  ^SUJ  to  (Bab.  ed. 
104b  tlllb;  Y.  ed.  nH  as  in  Mish.  ib.  5)  on  (the  rims  of) 
two  boards  of  a  writing  tablet  (pinax).  B.  Mets.  1 17a  (expl. 
nipn)  DTillb  boards  of  the  ceiling;  a.  e. 

1115,  XITI5,  SriTlb  ch.  same.  Targ.Y.  Ex.  XXXVI, 
19,  a.  e.  (O.Wi,  h.  text  imp).  Targ.  Prov.  Ill,  3.  Targ. 
Is.  VIII,  1  (h.  text  "jiib) ;  a.  fr.— PI.  -pnib,  N*nib,  Tiib/iib. 
Targ.  Y.  I  Ex.  XXVL  15  (Y.  II  mb).  Ib.  20.  Targ.  Ex. 
XXXI,  18;  a.  fr.— [Sabb.  18a;  Gitt.T(51a  top,  v.  next  w.]. 

Sfll^,  t&TJD  m.  (=  NSib;  v.  'Tib)  1)  jaiv,  cheek.  Y.  R. 
Hash!  I,  58b  top  tprjft,  v.  n??.— PI.  N^nib.  Targ.  Y.Deut. 
XVIII,  3.-2)  fish-hook.— PL  ^nib,  *>n'b.  Sabb.  18a  Tub 
"""iplpl  Ms.  O.  a.  Ar.  (ed.  Tib)  hooks  (fish-lines)  and  traps 
of  little  joists;  Gitt.  61a  top. 

Hi"  I  pr.  n.m.  (b.  h.)  Lot,  the  nephew  of  Abraham.  Ber. 
54a'b  bu>  inmx. ..nxnn  he  who  sees  ...Lot's  wife  (the  pillar 
of  salt,  Gen.  XIX,  26).  Erub.  65a  'b  bffl  IMISiab  S^n  who 
is  as  drunk  (unconscious)  as  Lot.  Gen.  R.  s.  44  (play  on 
the  name)  '31  UCJlb  Bib  cursed  Lot  shall  not  be  Abram's 
heir ;  a.  fr. 

12l>  II  m.  (b.  h.  B'b)  lotus.  Gen.  R.  s.  91,  end,  expl. 
131I2&2  q.  v. 

1315  (v.  next  w.)  to  curse.  Part,  ob,  f.  nab,  pi.  rvtob. 
Num.  R.  s.  9  (ed.  Wil.  p.  56)  '31  it  'bl  -]3  ni»3tt53  b3n  all 
(women)  shall  swear  by  thee  and  curse  each  other  saying, 
if  thou  hast  done  this,  may  thy  end  be  &c. 

131  5,  T31  5,  T31  J  5ch.  [to cover,  talk  secretly:  cmp.  lanb,] 
to  curse.  Perf.  lib,  Bib.  Targ.  Lev.  XX,  9.  Targ.  I  Kings 
II,  8  iSOlb ;  a.  fr.— Part,  B*>Nb,  B«b,  SJ^b,  Ii?b,  -Jib.  Targ. 
Y.  I,  II  Num.  XXIII,  8.  Targ.  Gen.  XXVIl'29;  a.  fr.— 
Part.  pass.  &b,  Bib,  Bllb.  Ib.  Ill,  14;  a.  fr.  Gen.  R.  s.  44 
N'Jlb  'Jib;  Yalk.  ib.  76  bWb,  v.  Bib  I.— Snh.  49atop  (prov.) 
n-JXb  KW1  fctbl  KBlb  xnn  ed.  (Ms.  M.  KO*»K  v.  Rabb.  D.  S. 

T         T  T  V  T    IT? 

a.  1.  note,  Rashi  ffisb  xbl)  be  cursed  rather  than  cursing. 
Ib.  llla  ^b  na^b  xp  tsb^a  wilt  thou  curse  me?— Ib.  113a 
[read :]  lib  *zft  rajini  db  "O  KaVni  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note) 
is  it  so  that  when  Joshua  cursed  (Jericho)  he  meant  &c.  ? 
—Lev.  R.  s.  17  (ni53)  N'-Jllb  fb^X3  Nn^3  Dllb  (Yalk.  ib. 
563  ti^b)  cursed  (with  leprosy)  is  the  house  with  such 
accursed  inmates  (who  refuse  favors  to  their  neighbors) ; 
ib.  (play  on  rWlSplB,  Lev.  XIV,  37,  as  if  1"IK  spttJ)  ypW 
'lib  "pb",N3  xn^S  to  ruin  goes  the  house  with  such  &c. 

taib,  131  lb,  SI31]b  m.  (preced.)  curse.  Targ.  Is. 
XIII.Y.  Targ!  Num.  V,T21.  Targ.  Ex.  IX,  28  'Vl  "pbp  (h. 
text  nbp) ;  Y.  ib.  34;  a.  fr.  —  PI.  "pDlb,  «•»$,  'lib.  Targ. 
Gen.  XXVII,  12,  sq.;  a.  e. 

011215,  Midr.  Sam.  ch.  II  'bb  (some  ed.  'bib)  a  cor- 
rupt, of  03ibl3b. 

0  U '"131*  pr.  n.  m.  (corrupt,  of  Diocletianus  ?)  Lu- 
tianus,  a  Roman  emperor.    Gen.  R.  s.  83,  end  "]baiU  31^ 


697  n*fc 

bsoiaa  .  . .  iiSHS  'b  on  the  day  when  L.  became  king,  E. 
A.  heard  in  a  dream:  To-day  Magdiel  became  king  (i.  e. 
the  last  but  one  King  of  Edom-Eome,  v.  Gen.  XXXVI, 
43);  Talk.  ib.  140  Wvb. 

Dtaib,  v.  a*& 

"NC'^D,  *SC"l  — 5  m.  pi.  (prob.)  Arethusii,  the  in- 
habitants of  Arethusia  between  Epiphania  and  Emesa 
:-).  Targ.  Y.  I  Gen.  X,  18 ;  Targ.  I  Chr.  1, 16  (h.text 


V.    -'--. 


'  Dj  f  n™  (b.  h.)  1)  to  join,  be  connected,  v.  Piel,  a. 
!">""'". — 2)  (cmp.  Sm.  Ant.  s.  v.  Nexuni)  to  assume  an  obli- 
gation; to  borrow.  Shebu.41b;  Keth.88a;  B.Bath.  6alaiiOi 
'z"  "~"'r  X3  he  who  (being  sued  for  a  loan  duly  testified 
by  witnesses)  says,  'I  have  not  contracted  any  loan',  is  con- 
sidered as  admitting  that  he  has  not  paid.  Hull.  84a  "J1S3J 
•■"•N  ","■■-  "N  (delicate  persons)  like  ourselves  may  buy 
food  on  credit.  B.  Mets.  72b  '21  ISO  b:>  "plib  ","«  (also 
""."')  you  must  not  borrow  money  with  the  choice  of  re- 
paying in  grain  at  the  present  price;  (another  defin.,  v. 
Eashi  a.l.).  Bets  15b"'?r  vb  make  a  loan  on  my  (the  Lord's) 
account;— Esp.  nil?,  ill's  debtor,  opp.  to  IT&5  creditor. 
Shebu.  47a  *n  TO  'b  na  if  the  debtor  died'  before  the 
creditor ;  a.  fr.— PI.  -pl/ib.  lb.b  'b  "Stn  -pllba  XV  two  (diff- 
erent) creditors  and  two  debtors. 

Pi.  iijb,  Sil*b,  'ib  1)  to  order  an  escort  for  protection, 
v.  --■?.  Tanh.  Bal.  12;  Num.  E.  s.  20  bl  TO  Bfib  '3  He 
appointed  the  clouds  of  glory  to  escort  them.  Sot.  46b 

'21  nr-S  *XB bftstn  for  the  sake  of  the  four  steps 

which  Pharaoh  ordered  his  men  to  escort  Abraham  &c. 
— 2)  to  escort,  to  walk  a  distance  with  a  departing  guest; 
to  follow.  Sabb.  119b  '21  lb  "p^Va  Wtva  "W  two  minister- 
ing angels  escort  man  to  his  house  on  the  Sabbath  eve. 
Sot.  1.  c.  '21  ii'bra"  i"!"~r  "*x-  33  whoever  omits  to  escort 
a  guest  or  (as  a  guest)  declines  an  escort,  is  regarded  as 
if  he  had  shed  blood;  '=1  liivrb  kVoV*03  for  if  the  men 
of  Jericho  had  escorted  Elisha  &c.  Koh.  V,  17  Hffl 
'21  lii'ba  and  what  does  escort  him  (to  the  grave)?  Merits 
and  good  deeds;  a.  fr. 

Hithpa.  n-:r-  Nithpa.  fi'br;  1)  to  join  the  company 
of,  to  associate.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  CIV,  26  (play  on  jTVTfc, 
ib.)  '2*  rncSffc  TT»  pnO  nj&raB  "a  io  whosoever  joins 
them  (the  Eonians)  will  be  made  sport  of  with  them 
in  future  days.  Ib.  '21  .1"3pn  TTC  fTXO  illbnaB  "'a  32 
him  who  joins  them  (the  scholars),  the  Lord  will  cause 
to  rejoice  with  them  &c. ;  Yalk.  ib.  862.  Gen.  E.  s.  C3,  end; 
Yalk.ib.  Ill  'Z':  13".*3p  "ar  tT&TOB  the  disgrace  of  starvation 
was  made  his  companion.  Tanh.  Vayishl.  3  13  rrilbriiib  to 
be  his  escort;  a.  fr.  —2)  to  be  escorted,  to  accept  escort. 
Sot.  1.  c,  v.  supra. 

Hif.  ttlbfi  1)  to  escort.  Ber.  18a  •lillbn  OKI  if  he  does 
escort  him  (the  dead).  — 2)  to  lend.  Ex.  E.  s.  31  iilba 
ttCCO  lends  on  interest ;  rrefQ  Kbit)  'a  without  inter- 
est,   lb.  '21  »6?  xba  that  they  must  not  lend  &c.  Ib.  1JC 

'21  "pxn  .iriibn  rtai . . .  131x1  Tvubri  na3  see  how  much 

I  lend  ( to  man,)  without  taking  interest,  and  what 
the  earth  lends  &c.  B.  Mets.  V,  1  y31  rrsam  sbo  mban 
he  who  lends  a  Sela  to  get  five  Denars  in  return.  Ib.  62b 
n:a  "ailbii  lend  me  a  Maneh.— B.  Kam.  94b  rrOT\  >*ba  (a. 
r"0"G)  those  who  lend  on  interest;  B.  Met*.  62a;  a.  fr. 
— itlba  creditor,  v.  supra. 

1 1  >,  ffsl  >  ch.  same,  1)  to  join,  cling  to.  Targ.  II  Sam. 
XX,  2  (h.  text  pan). —  2)  to  join  a  caravan,  travel  with. 
—Hull.  7a  Viwro  illlbl  Kr*a  HfMl  an  Arab  that  had 
been  travelling  with  them. — 3)  to  escort,  v.  infra. 

Pa.  ""fe  "">3?  to  escort.  Targ.  Y.  II  Gen.  XXVUI,  12 
T&*  (Y.  I'pib  ',13^ni).— Gen.  E.  8.  48,  end  13b,  v.  $0*1, 
Tosef.  Keth.  VII,  6  -g^ta  "*£  (ed.  Zuck.  ^lb.Var.  "jb  -pb^l, 
read:  "jllbii)  escort  (the  dead)  that  people  may  escort 
thee ;  Y.  ib.  VH,  3 1 b  bot.  frib^i  ""lib  (not  «r6) ;  Bab.  ib.  72a 
ni3*l3i  *wbl  him  who  escorted,  people  will  escort;  a.  e. 

Af. '"vjbs?  same.  Targ.  Gen.  XII,  20.  Ib.  0.  XVUI,  16 
yiniJtilbxb  ed.  Berl.  (some  ed.  '(inn^lbitb ;  Y.  ftntfofb; 
h.text  cnb'rb);  a.  e.— Sot.  40b  '21  "ib Vnibx  walked  with 
E.  A.  (on  dismissing  him)  from  &c. ;  Ber.  31a  fT^lbX;  a.  fr. 

nl>?,  v.  "Wibx. 
">lb,  v.  mb. 

T  .  t  : 

'...  0>.  h.)  Pr-  n-  Levi,  1)  the  son  of  Jacob,  progenitor 
of  the  tribe  of  Levi.  Gen.  R.  s.  19,  a.  e.  '21  'b  las  Levi 
arose  and  brought  her  (the  Shekhinah)  down  &c.  Ex. 
E.  s.  1;  a.  fr.— 2)  'b  030;  or  'b  the  tribe  of  Levi;  'b  "p  or 
'b  a  Levite.  Yoma  26a  'b  liSiaa  in&tl  a  descendant  of  the 
tribe  of  Levi. — Hor.  Ill,  8  '21  'b  'bb  Clip  ",ri2  a  priest  goes 
before  a  Levite  (in  religious  privileges),  a  Levite  before 
an  Israelite.  Gitt.  V,  8.  Ib.  VIH,  5  'b  nn  if  she  is  the 
daughter  of  a  Levite.  Arakh.  IX,  8;  a.  fr.— PI.  C^lb.  D*lb 
Levites.  Hull.  I,  6;  a.  fr.  —  3)  name  of  several  Amoraiin, 
esp.  Levi,  or  L.  bar  Sisi,  disciple  of  E.  Jehudah  han-Nasi 
(v.  Fr.  M'bo,  p.  110b).  Y.  Yeb.  XII,  13a  top.  Pes.  76b;  a. 
fr.— 4)  (law)  a  fictitious  name.  B.  Bath.  43b;  a.  fr. 

fcOlb,  nSl^,  'n*  m.  ch.  (preced.)  Levite.  Targ.  0. 
Ex.  iV,  14  (Y.T^b,  corr.  ace.).  — Hull.  131a.— PI.  SOlb, 
TT?,  **.  [Ezra  VI,  16.]— Targ.  Ez.  XLIV,  15:  a.  fr.  — Y. 
Maas.  Sh.  V,  56b  bot. ;  a.  e. 

0  uN  J  >>  >  \J>  j)r.n.Bar-Livianus,n&me  of  a  family 
(gens).  Hu'lh  87a;  cmp.  "S^Elb. 

n"!^,  n"i,"l^  I  f.  Olb)  1)  Levite,  daughter  or  wife  of 
a  Levite.  Y.  Yeb.  X,  10*1  top;  Tosef.  ib.  VIH,  2.  Bekh. 
47a;  a.  fr. — 2)  the  community  of  Levites,  status  of  Le- 
vites. Ex.  E.  s.  1  'bl  il3in2  VQ  priestly  and  Levite  families. 
Y.  Maas.  Sh.  V,  end,  56d  *bl  roiPD  1PO0  friends  of  priestly 
or  Levite  families.  Bekh.  1.  c.  yniUB  'bl  1131.12  the  priests 
and  the  Levites  are  exempt;  a.  e. — 3)  the  community  of 
the  attendants  of  the  Tabernacle,  priests  a?id  Levites.  Sifre 
Num.  1 ;  a.  e. — 4)  the  Levitical  offices.  Ex.  E.  s.  5  b-13  tit 
'21  'b  ",ni31  Si3lii2  the  one  (Aaron)  took  the  priesthood  and 
gave  (Moses)  the  Levite  offices;  the  other  took  the  Levite 
offices  &c;  (Tanh.  Sh'moth  27  ri23a);  a.  e. 


njlb,  TV^b  II  or  TVT}  f.  (nji)  1)  consor/,  wife. 
Yoma  54 ''  topT(ref.  to  rvnbl,  i  Kings  VII,  36),  v.  fins  II.— 
2)  (v.  next  w.)  the  wailing  woman's  company.  Y.  M.  Kat. 
I,  80d  top,  [read:]  "WW  ffftti  "Wl...  Wy*1^  ^^«  Tfgn  Kb 
fifi^pb  a  woman  must  not  stir  up  her  company  for  wail- 
ing during  the  festive  week;  R.  N.  read  livyatha  (with 
ref.  to  jrwfc  1-nr>  Job  III,  8 ;  cmp.  Knvi^K). 

I  i^]V>  '  J  l5f.  (fills)  escort,  company,  esp.  the  trav- 
eller's escort  for  protection.  Sot.  IX,  6  'b  Kbn  *TBTfiTn  and 
we  let  him  (the  stranger)  go  without  protection ;  (Y.  ib. 
IX,  23d  bot.  fi"«lbn).  Bab.  ib.  46b  'bb  "pBIS  we  may  force 
(the  inhabitans  of  a  place)  to  provide  escorts  for  trav- 
ellers. Ib.  '31  'b  lb  pKl  . .  -|bfiafi  he  who  travels  on  the 
road  and  has  no  company,  let  him  be  engaged  in  study 
of  the  Law  (ref.  to  PM^  Prov.  I,  9) ;  Erub.  54a.  Hull.  7a 
'b  ta  fellow-travellers.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  CIV,  1  "pbx  Km 

fT?^  (or  1*77$)  tfay  God  be  thy escort; a- e- 

DTO "1  >  pr.  n.  m.  Levitas  (Lat.  Levites).  Ab.  IV,  4. 

fcCPlb,  *Vp,  ^Tp^i b, escort;  caravan. 
Gen.  R.  's.  16,  beg.;  Y.TYomaIV,  41d  top  (ref.  to  Gen.  II, 
12)  IFyjjYlVs.  .  .  .  tfQfta  happy  he  in  whose  house  it  is, 
happy  he  in  whose  company  it  is  (on  travelling) ;  Ex.  R. 
s.  35,  beg. ;  a.  e.— Gen.  R.  s.  92  fob  "OS  K3K  'Vl  IplB  (not 
"jl3?  IplB)  leave  now,  for  I  have  arranged  on  escort  for 
you;  Yalk.  ib.  150.— Lam.  1, 1  C3T\Ka  in  7)  ''■JWI  Tl5 
'3  walk  quickly  that  we  may  reach  the  caravan.  Ib.  tYW 
•,13'vap  *?  is  there  a  caravan  ahead  of  us? 

wpb,  v.  tigtfe 

srmb,  v.  Bffrvni. 

TT!    .  t     :t  : 

jH^"  >>  ] I"  m.  (b.  h.)  Leviathan,  a  legendary  sea-an- 
imal reserved,  with  B'hemoth,  for  the  righteous  in  the 
hereafter.  Lev.  R.  s.  13,  v.  niafiS.  Ib.  s.  22,  end.  Ab.  Zar. 
3b;  a.  fr. — M.  Kat.  25b  (in  a  wailing  song)  'b  a  great 
man,  opp.  pp"i  *2!~i  the  fish  of  the  swamp,  common  hu- 
manity (v.  d-ITX). 

698  a^fc 

>\J  a  word  in  an  incantation  against  thirst.  Pes.  112" 
(Ms.  M.  b-h). 

jroft,  v.  ™b. 

v.  next  w. 

DZpiJ  adv.  (Xo£ov,  v.  "(lO^bx)  athwart,  crossivise ;  di- 
agonally. Kel.  XVIII,  5,  v.  flBX&L.  Bern.  VII,  8  *WJ  bd13 
'b  he  must  take  two  barrels  from  diagonally  oppo- 
site corners.  Ib.  'b  fifiK  fillO  one  row  of  barrels  following 
the  diagonal  line.  Y.  Kil.  IV,  29c  top  'pzb  Tliad  (R.  S.  to 
Kil.  IV,  6  "|1D23X)  when  he  measures  by  diagonal  lines. 
Y.  Yoma  V,  42d  bot.  'b  VOBb  fin^fiUJ  Ha  yTl  except  that 
(corner  of  the  altar)  which  was  diagonally  opposite  to 
him.  Lam.  R.  introd.  (R.  Josh.  1)  '31  ynjgft  1fi"TO  ttJTlfi 
ploughed  his  field  crosswise  and  put  up  an  image  in  the 
center  &c. ;  a.  e. 

5*15  m.  (b.  h.;  contr.  of  bs>b,  apocop.  of  rb;?b  =  ;;•'"•, 
cmp.  formation  of  ~d3;  cmp.  bbs,  Ws%3>,  bvb'Jl)  l)ivind- 
ing  pathway,  passage  way,  esp.  o  swaW  room  tvith  a 
staircase  leading  up  to  the  upper  rooms  (v.  Sm.  Ant.s. 
v.  House,  Amer.  ed.  1858,  p.  519il).  Men.  34a  "ja  fiWB  'b 
•"fibsb  rPdfi  a  small  room  opening  (leading)  from  the 
ground  floor  to  the  upper  room.  Pes.  34;i  fi^fi  IBp  'b 
'31  there  was  a  small  passage  way  between  the  graded 
ascent  (1ZJ33)  and  the  altar;  ib.  77a  (Zeb.62b  T>1K;  ib.  104u 
ltm)r- H.  V&fo,  ftyb.  Y.  Erub.  VII,  beg.  24b  msb  Ifia 
'b  1^1  how  about  connecting  two  dwellings  for  Sabbath 
purposes  by  the  way  of  the  staircases  (leading  to  the 
roofs)?— Y.  Yoma  I,  38c;  Y.  Meg.  IV,  75c  bot.  5"2  ibx  'b 
'31  lbx  staircases  above  each  other  (well-hole)  require 
M'zuzah,  (to  be  furnished  by  him)  who  has  the  right  of 
use  of  the  lower  threshold.  Pes.  8a;  Yoma  lla  "pnal  'b  the 
staircase  rooms  and  the  provision  room ;  [comment,  refer 
to  Nr.  3,  v.  infra].  Midd.  IV,  5 ;  Pes.  26a  '31  "pfiinB  IT!  'bl 
there  were  small  passages  in  the  loft  leading  to  the  Holy 
of  Holies  through  which  mechanics  were  lowered  in 
boxes  (closed  elevators).  —  2)  (anat.)  a  passage  from  the 
vestibulum  vaginae  (lYTrnB).  Nidd.  17b,  v.  ft*$9.  —  3)  'b 
tnbl53"in  b'O  hen-roost.  Sabb.  102b  '31  'ba  3pD  ITOWl  he 
who  makes  a  hole  (for  ventilation)  in  a  hen-roost;  ib. 
146a  '31  bus  'b  dlUa  in  order  to  prevent  making  a  hole 
in  a  hen-roost  which  is  done  for  ventilation.  Ib.  122b; 
a.  e.  —  PI.  as  ab.  Pes.  8a;  Yoma  lla  pfWI  'b  hen-roosts 
&c,  v.  supra. 

!S>"  ch.  same,  small  room  tvith  a  staircase.  Y.Yoma 
I,  38c]  Y.  Meg.  IV,  75c  bot.  '31  TOS  film  K3>b">K  'tl  'b  the 
Lul  of  R.  II.  which  was  made  (with  reference  to  the 
law  of  M'zuzah)  in  agreement  with  the  opinions  of  the 

rriab^,  v.  i** 

^!y\J  m.  (=3bdb;  v.  db3.b)  1)  sprout.  Esp.  Lulab,  the 
branch  of  the  palm-tree  used  for  the  festive  wreath  on 
the  Feast  of  Booths  (Lev.  XXIII,  40) ;  also  the  festive 
wreath  of  the  four  species  combined.  Succ.  Ill,  1  blttfi  'b 
'31  a  palm-branch  unlawfully  acquired  or  one  dried  up. 
Ib.  4  IfiK  'b  one  branch  of  the  palm-tree  is  needed  for 
the  festive  wreath.  Ib.  9  bld^b  'b  TTQ  fi"fi  Kbl  . . .  TO  a 
traveller  on  the  road  who  had  no  opportunity  of  per- 
forming the  ceremony  of  taking  the  festive  wreath  in 
hand.  Ib.  'bb  1453  d1"fi  b3  the  entire  day  is  fit  (no  special 
time  of  the  day  is  designated)  for  the  ceremony  &c.  Ib. 
1 2 ;  R.  Hash.  IV,  3  '31  UJipan . . .  'b(fi)  ITU  the  ceremony  of 
Lulab  was  performed  in  the  Temple  seven  days  &c;  Succ. 
46a  '31  'b  nisa  -,im-i  dV  on  the  first  day  it  is  the  Biblical 
law  of  Lulab  which  is  carried  out,  on  the  following  days 
it  is  the  carrying  out  of  an  ordinance  of  the  elders;  a. 
fr.—  PI.  d^dblb,  Tnbsib.  Orl.  I,  7.  'bfil  d^brfi  leaves  and 
eatable  young  sprouts.  Shebi.  VII,  5,  a.  e.  d^Tff  ^b^ib. 
v.  *Prt.  Ber.  55a,a.  e.  d^Bl  'b  sprouts  of  grape-vine;  Yoma 




81lj,  v.  abnb. — Gen.  R.  s.  41,  beg.  33n*>  tn&tif  its  branches  I 
are  used  for  praise  (v.  Vrn);  Num.  R.  s.  3,  beg.,  v.  3*'-""; 
Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  XCII,  13  (sing.).  Succ.  IV,  4  nx  p3"^10 
..  — _•_.•,  tnev  use(i  to  bring  their  festive  wreaths  to 
the  Temple  mount  &c;  a.  fr.  —  2)  pOs^P  twigs  used  as 
brooms  in  the  ruin e  press  (Rashi),  cmp.  X^OJX;  the  tico 
posts  supporting  the  beams  of  the  press  (At.).  Ab.  Zar. 
75a;  Y.ib.V,end,45b;Nidd.65a;  Tosef.Toh.XI,16;  Tosef. 
Ab.  Zar.  VIII  (IX),  3. 

SZ"^*,  X—*"']™  ch.  same,  esp.  palm-branch,  palm- 
tree.    Targ.  Cant.  VII,  9  (h.  text  Tan).— Succ.  32a  ^XOO 

xin  'bn  e^non  niso  ^xm  ed.  (Ms.  Kin  obi?  nisn . . .)  how 

do  you  know  that  this  kappoth  (Lev.  XXIII,  40)  means 
a  green  sprout?  — B.  Kam.  96a  '21  '*b"b  3Tin  pta  "^xn,  v. 
xurn.  Gen.  R.  s.  6  '21  1\i&fo  "Op  nxi  ",n  when  thou  tiest 
thy  Lulab  (for  the  Succoth  festival),  tie  thy  feet  (stop 
travelling);  Y.  Sabb.  II,  5b;  Talk.  Is.  317.  —  PI.  pOPlb, 
-,"-'-• 'p.  ""PIP.  Targ.  Lev.  XXIII,  40.  [Targ.  II  Esth.  HI, 
8  xrobib,  v.  next  w.]— Targ.  Ps.  1, 3,  v.  X0303.— Ab.  Zar.  57a 
'SrW  WI(Mb.M.  W^  tmmA)  took  branches  down. 

ib.  trWn  man  (some  ed.  xoipibi,  Ms.  m.  sa*»Vft  r"i). 

S-'Z"*>  m.  (preced.)  palm -gardens.  Targ.  II  Esth. 
Ill,  8  X3:03&  (ed.  Lag.  X30313,  corr.  ace.)  our  palm- 

"j""l*,  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Kam.  II,  3  '3  IX,  v.  psibiX. 

C 'l'"Z>,  Midr.  Sam.  ch.  II,  read  Y'lO  "fi&  (v.  Yalk. 
Sam.  78). 

^'yO  {.,  pi.  nixb^ib  (b.  h.;  redupl.  of  nib)  loops,  coup- 
lings. Yalk.  Esth.  1048.  Sabb.  99a  top  *31 'bo  pOlp  f*n 
the  hooks  in  the  loops  looked  like  stars  on  the  sky;  Yalk. 
Ex.  370;  a.  e. 

oij&cb-b,  -:s-:-b,  ratf^b,™*  *•**. 

sybib  i,  v.  ka*. 

*S3"lb!!>  II  pr.  n.  m.  Zufc&a.  Y.  Orl.  II,  beg.,  61d  *1     | 
'b  in  ITTp;  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  II,  beg.  40c  'b  "B  'n  'n  Fr.  (in 
M'bo,  p.  83b),  ed.  *¥*$*&  q-  v. 

"jVv'U,  "j"1**^,  Ab.  Zar.  18b,  read  f*fib  (ludi)  #ames, 

V.  p-|30. 

0  iJ  <"i^>  C*""  pr.  n.  m.  Lulianus  (popular  cor- 
rupt, of  Julianus)  1)  name  of  an  influential  man  who 
suffered  a  martyr's  death  together  with  one  Papus.  Sifra 
B'huck.,  Par.  2,  ch.  V  (ref.  to  Lev.  XXVI,  19,  v.  nxs) 
'31  -moobx  *Vl  ttrm  -p  DISS  JCB  like  P.  son  of  Judah 
and  L.  the  Alexandrian  and  his  associates.  Y.  Taan.  II, 
66a  top  'SI  'b  . .  .  cr  the  day  on  which  L.  and  P.  were 
put  to  death;  Bab.  ib.  18b  *$*J  v.  fr.,  v.  tCp-fl;.— 2)  'b 
X=bo  King  (emperor)  Julian.  Y.  Ned.  Ill,  3V  bot.;  (Y. 
Shebu.  Ill,  34d  Oirx^bpin). 

*3"^bl5,  'fc^blb,  *JW  pr.  n.  m.  (preced.)  (son  of) 
Lufian  (Julian).T  Cant.  R.  to  IV,  12  [read:]  piip  Ttl  xb 

'"=...  hmmVl  Oisn  plXib  they  did  not  change  Reuben 
into  Rufus,  or  Judah  into  Juliani;  Lev.  R.  s.  32  (corr. 
ace.).— Y.  Ned.  Ill,  beg.  37d  'b*  "Q  n^Tt  *"j  ed.  Krot.;  Y. 
Yoma  H,  39d;  Y.  Naz.  IV,  53c  top;  a.  fr. 

TC'T^/O,  '&*p*ti,  '1*^  f.  (preced.  wds.;  sub. 
"•■on)  Lulian  style  of  hair-cutting,  clipped  hair.  Ned. 
51a(expl.  Wfitf<  Q1D=  Ez.  XLIV,20)'b  pro  like  the  L.  style, 
expl.  nx"Pn^  t)  'the  style  of  a  distinguished  person',  IGMn 
'31  nt  Vo  the  top  of  one  (row  of  hair)  touching  the  root 
of  the  other;  Snh.  22b  'b  niSOn  poo. 

srrbib,  v.  «#*. 


T     T   :  t   t  :  - 

XZilx1  m.  (popular  corrupt,  of  nummus= sestertius) 
sesterce  (v.  Sm.  Ant.  s.  v.  Sestertius). — PI.  "VM?.  Ab.  Zar. 
34b  W&  'no  .  .  .  XOlbo  Gallon  XOCp  Ar.  (ed.  .  .  xrO-p 
'01  noibo  .  . ;  Ms.  M.  omits  ioib)  a  xestos  of  brine  sells 
for  one  numtnus,  while  one  of  wine  sells  for  four  nummi. 
—Tosef.  Dem.  Ill,  12  '=1  nC3  rTVB  po^?  .  .  .  ^50  (R.  S.  to 
ib.II,  5  |flrt  read:  pB-lb  or  pS«=voou.u.tov)  as  to  baskets 
of  figs  or  grapes  and  piles  of  vegetables,  quantities  sold 
for  a  nummus  (and  upward)  are  considered  wholesale, 
those  sold  for  less  than  a  nummus,  retail;  Y.  ib.  II,  end, 
23a  '01  TTsSim  'OO  r\p*l  mo  -JOS  (read:  13  for  O;  R.  S.  L 
c.  pO*1?)  a  quantity  sold  for  a  nummus  (or  less)  is  retail, 
for  more  than  a  nummus  is  wholesale. 

S  IZj  i>j  v.  preced. 

nOD2l5,  Y.  Hor.  I,  46a  top,  read  n02o  3101. 

"|",  *P™  I  (b.  h.)  to  stay  over  night,  to  take  (night-) 
lodging;  to  be  kept  over  night.    Num.  R.  s.  12,  beg.  (ref. 

to  Ps. xci,  1)  nonn  tytffy  eio  :£»,  v.  nrt.  lb.  ..n"opn 

"Cbxa  pbb  mxni  the  Lord  .  .  is  desirous  to  lodge  under 
our  shade  (Tabernacle).  Snh.  VI,  4  ",b  0X1  but  if  his  body 
was  allowed  to  hang  over  night.  Pes.  42a  soblO  D^O  water 
which  has  been  kept  in  vessels  over  night  (misunderstood 
for  'our  water',  v.  n-Q).  Ber.  18b  niTOpn  n^OO  "p"1  and 
stayed  over  night  in  the  burial  ground;  a.  fr. — [Gen.  R. 
s.  60,  distinction  between  p*P3,  Gen.  XXTV,  23  and  pV?, 
ib.  25,  v.  «*&] 

Eif.  '^r\  to  keep  over  night.  B.  Kam.  99a  O110O  1015 
pbn  30  (X^)  transgresses  the  law  which  says,  (Lev.  XIX, 
13)T  'thou  shalt  not  &c.';  B.  Mets.  IX,  12  D110O  "Z  VT 
'Z',  rttl  X*3  the  prohibition  to  keep  the  wages  of  the  hired 
man  over  night  applies  to  it;  ib.  lllb ;  a.  fr.— Esp.  to  leave 
a  corpse  unburied  over  night.  Snh.  VI,  5  'ol  nx  "tfbtjfi  ~z 
whosoever  postpones  the  burial  of  his  dead  transgresses 
a  prohibitory  law  (ref.  to  Deut.  XXI,  23  in  its  general 
application);  '01  111003  i^n  but  if  one  kept  him  over 
night  for  his  honor's  sake  (to  prepare  a  more  honorable 
burial)  &c. :  a.  fr.— V.  r\$*2. 

Hithpol.  pisnn,  Nithpol.  "isipn:  to  seek  shelter;  to  tab 
refuge.  Num.  R.  1.  c.  (ref.  to  Ps.  1.  c.)  [read:]  pi'prn  "mr 




'31  "jls  MU5SU)  ?XB.  Almighty,  be  pleased  to  lodge  in  the 
shade  which  Bezaleel  has  made  for  thee.  Yalk.  Job  906 
fsn  WW  1331^12"  Ol3a  DM?  V3*  have  a  place  of  refuge 
where  to  find  shelter  from  the  judgment  of  Gehenna; 
(Yalk.  Jud.  41  1?S3^). 

V0  II  (b.  h.;  cmp.  Mlb)  to  join. 

Nif.  Y&3,  Sif.  "p!rM  (cmp.  bM£)  to  rise  against,  murmur, 
rebel.  Ex.  R.  s.  25  '31  rTtl  W&Mia  fPO  when  they  rebelled, 
it  would  have  been  necessary  that  the  anger  (of  the 
Lord)  &c. 

Hithpol.  ",3i?nM  same.  Tosef.  B.  Bath.  VII,  9  D^33i?rr?n 
'31  D^JlaMI  the  rebellious  (Num.  XIV,  sq.)  and  the  spies 
.  . .  took  no  share  &c. 

Ipb  =  jWb,  unto  them.  Y.  Ber.  Ill,  6b  top ;  a.  fr. 

rn&raib,  rrvoaib,  v.  ^& 

n^DDv  f.  (v.  M^3:i?Xl)  bathing  clothes,  sheet.  Y.Sabb. 
1, 3atop  '?3  CpatYVBa  from  the  time  he  wraps  himself  up  in 
a  sheet  (for  hair-cutting).  lb.  IX,  12abot. ;  a.  e.  (interch. 
with  ni»31?N).—  PI.  ni*D31?.  lb.  Ill,  6a;  Tosef.  ib.  XVI 
(XVII),  15  ttttnaji  Var.;  a.  e. 


T  :  t  :     • 

CSJj",  v.  next  w. 
t  : 

"0D"D  f.(XoY^Tf))  spear-head,lance, javelin.— P/.M^asib, 
niK-osi?.  Snh.  i4a  ?na  ?ia '? ...  in  mss  Ar.  (ed.  niK-oii?. 

Ms.  M.  ni131?,  Ms.  F.  TffWft ;  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  they 
stuck  into  his  body  three  hundred  iron  spear-heads ;  Ab. 
Zar.  8b  (ed.  WUWVft,  Ms.  M.  nV3?21?).  Sot.  1, 8  (9b)  niinsi?; 
Num.  R.  s.  9  MWHSI?  some  ed.  (corr.  ace);  a.  e. — Ch. 
SO  313.  Snh.  110abot.  '?  fb*S  Ar.  (ed.  small  ^*0)  around 
the  spear-head;  B.  Bath.  74a.— PI.  'Ojfc.  Gitt.  70a  Ar.,  v. 


pr.  n.  m.  Lms.  Gitt.  llb,  v.  WHb 

3?i^  m.  (b.h.  ?'?;  5>2>3  or  SI?,  cmp.  Sft,  a.  SOtte)  jaw.  Gen. 
R.  s.  81;  Yalk.  Prov.  959  (ref.  to  S&J,  Prov.  XX,  25)  331S* 
15132  D^lElp  who  chews  sacred  things  with  his  jaw.  Ib. ; 
Snh.  58b  (ref.  to  Prov.  1.  c.)  '31  13>i?  1D1DM  he  who  strikes 
an  Israelite's  jaw,  is  regarded  as  if  striking  the  Shekhinah. 

SSH3,  ,r0  ch.  same.  Targ.  O.Deut.  XVIII,  3  (Y.  S^rVi?, 
h.  text  D^M?).  Targ.  I  Sam.  XVII,  35;  a.  e.— Sabb.  541' 
(expl.  D?1D) '?  "O  Ms.  M.  (ed.  '3  *%  v.  Rabb.D.  S.a.l.note) 
a  bandage  or  bar  under  the  jaw  to  prevent  friction.  Ib. 
67a,  v.  "IBM.   Snh.  18b;  Y.  ib.  I,  18c  hot.  MS13,  v.  MB?. 

S  l"  l>>  v.  preced. 

!7ib,  v.  $. 

*j  l~  m.  (cmp.  MBb)  Jo/",  a  plant  similar  to  colocasia, 
with  edible  leaves  and  root,  and  bearing  beans.  [It  is 
classified  with  onions  and  garlic]  Peah  VI,  10.  Shebi. 
V,  2  '31  '3M  MSt  fCHBft  he  who  puts  lof  in  the  ground  for 
preservation  in  the  Sabbatical  year.  Y.  ib.  35(1  bot.  [read:] 

IMa  D^HB  '?  IVO  13>  so  much  about  lof;  how  about  oni- 
ons? (Answ.)  D^lta  SOM  '?  SOM  the  same  law  applies  to 
lof  and  to  onions.  Ib.  (ref.  to  Mish.  3)  '31  MBltt)  '?  "«bsa 
the  Mishnah  speaks  of  leaves-  of  the  wild  lof,  i.  e.  lof  train- 
ed for  the  leaves.  Ib.  VII,  1  MDTOM  '?  M?3>  the  (edible) 
leaves  of  the  wild  lof;  ib.  2  'IBM  '?  1p3>  the  (inedible)  root 
of  &c.  Sabb.  XVIII,  1  '31  '33  IVra  permits  the  handling  of 
(the  beans)  of  lof,  because  it  may  be  used  as  food  for 
ravens.  Tosef.  Maasr.  Ill,  10  '?M  niaia  (ed.  Zuck.  nai3)  lof 
preserved  in  pits,  v.  supra.  Y.  Erub.  Ill,  beg.  20c DpblpMl  '?M 
the  bean  of  the  lof  and  of  the  colocasia  (not  eaten  raw), 
a.  fr. 

P]*l^  (cmp.  KBV,  ft]S&)  to  join.  B.  Bath.  4a  bot.  M^IBM  T\St 
M">3  tp?l  (ed.  M^13M  M^?  '?)  his  neighbor  may  go  to  work 
and  join  (a  front)  to  the  hedge  (v.  M*nM).  —  Part.  pass. 
CF$i  CT&pkVfti  *&%*  ?ul1-  Ha'^  N3^M  when  it  remains 
joined  (to  the  body),  opp.  *"«»?  "pnM.  Ib.  107a  *tn*b  C)W 
(fr.  t]Efe)  the  waters  are  considered  as  connected.  B.Mets. 
100b  ■ywV'Q  Ar.  (ed.  iB3^13,  corr.  ace;  Ms.  M.  isbnB, 
Ms.  H.  a.  oth.  "V^TQ,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  when  the 
goods  are  not  yet  cut.  Shebu.  43a  ■tt'wVra  (Ms.  P.  "^Vn, 
v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  5)  when  the  girdle  consists  of 
pieces  sewed  together. 

"©"D  m.  pi.  (C]Bl?),  '?  FP3  place  of  coupling,  border 
(=  b'.'h.  M'lSMa).  Targ.  O.  Ex.  XXVI,  4  (Y.  WW?) ;  Y.  a. 
O.  ib.  XXXVI,  11,  sq.;  a.  e. 

Wb,  v.  y%&. 

J     D'~,    J     \mX  pr.  n.  m.  (prob.  corresp.  to  Joviani, 
cmp!  ■^S^bn?')  Bar  Lufiani.  Esth.  R.  to  I,  4.  Cmp.  013SO13. 

"PD "D  (1D"0)  m.  (cmp.  "Bi?)  owe  having  thick  and 
connected  eye-brows.  Bekh.  44a  "pBl?  (Ar.  IB"1?,  v.  Koh.  Ar. 
Compl.  s.  v.  note);  Tosef.  ib.  V,  9  T*M?  ed.  Zuck.  (Var. 

rvfo,  wb),  v.  ttff. 

ymh  v.  w?. 
cs"ft  v.  W-&. 

"1D;l*  ("llD^^J  m.  (prob.  corrupted  fr.  XoY^o^opo; 
or  oopocpopoc;  cmp.  MXSB'i'n)  spear-bearer,  guardsman, 
satellite.  Num.  R.  s.  10  DffiSMl  '?M  N31  and  the  guards- 
man came  and  arrested  them  (the  revellers). — PI.  D^BI?, 
ynBI?,  "iBi?.  Gen.  R.  s.  61  (ref.  to  Gen.  XXV,  3,  which 
verse  must  be  inserted  in  the  Midrash  text.)  [read:] 
niaia  xnaix  'W'Vi '?  ^n  'paiso  "j^aaina  yon*!  a"s» 
"JM  maiX  although  they  render  (the  words  ashshurim  &c.) 
by  'merchants',  'satellites'  and  'chiefs  of  tribes',  yet  they 
are  all  names  of  tribes;  Yalk.  Chron.  1073;  v.  "pTfiwJJJ. 
Pesik.  V'zoth,  p.  196b  1?l»  *p"i^Bl??  tal  he  motioned  to  his 
guardsmen,  and  they  stabbed  him;  Yalk.  Deut.  950  D^"P21?? 
(corr.  ace);  Yalk.  Sam.  151  'p'MSl??  1JO  (corr.  ace). 

XHDV  (v.  ^Bi?)  cotiplings.  B.  Bath.  6a'?1  Wlpa 
(Ms.  M.  XMB^BI  KM3p3,  read  '3"ip3)  if  a  neighbor  built 
against  the  party  wall  in  an  angle  and  joined  his  wall 




to  it  with  couplings;  [Ar.  rWI  "~p3*  '~Z  if  a  neighbor 
joined  a  previously  erected  structure  to  the  party  wall 
or  built  against  the  latter  in  an  angle]. 

715,  7" 5(b.  h. :  cmp.'Jlb  IV)  to  talk,  esp.  to  scorn, scoff. 
Ah.  Zar.  181'  (ref.  to  Ps.  I,  1)  ytib  1E10  3W  CX  if  he  sits 
(with  scorners),  he  will  finally  scoff;  '=1  "53X1  and  if  he 
scoffs,  the  Scripture  says  of  him  &c;  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  I,  1. 

Bif.  Y^>t}  1)  (with  ~nx)  to  talk  behind  a  person,  sneer, 
deride.  Ex.  R.  s.  52  beg.  vnnx  fip'bia  W  they  derided 
him  (Moses);  (Yalk.  ib.  417  t4»  n^i:ibr3).  lb.  tTVSfyc 
HOT  "inx  (Yalk.  1.  c.  Sisters) ;  a.  e.  — 2)  (with  TS3)  to 
speak  in  behalf  of ;  to  defend;  to  interpret.  —  Gen.  R.  s. 
91  (ref.  to  Gen.  XL1I,  23)  nr:3  !TT  'prcr\  'the  interpreter' 
that  means  Manasseh. 

Hithpol.  Vsftrnni  to  talk  frivolously,  make  I  ght  of, 
scoff.  Ab.  Zar.  1.  c.  '=1  "p'W*  "fXftHDn  bs  whoever  speaks 
frivolously  will  be  visited  with  suffering.  Ib.  (in  Chald. 
diet.)  I  beg  you  ttXibrtl  xbl  not  to  scoff.  Kidd.  81a  ITUl 
tmSS  "nQTSa  pxibrva  (Rashi :  nni^sn)  made  light  of  sinners 
(Rashi:  of  sin)  (spoke  as  though  temptation  could  never 
have  power  over  him).  Yalk.  Ex.  1.  c,  v.  supra.  Midr. 
Piov.  to  I.  6,  v.  tVPbv ;  a.  e. 

pb,  v.  pbV 

"p!3,  Ruth  R.  to  II,  7,  v.  X'jpib.       . 

0*^2 2  m  I2"ip  0  m.  pi.  (locum  tenentes)  lieutenants, 
riceroys'.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  CXLIX  [read :]  V*  T'13  "jbfl 
'";  l;  r*  S":i1 lb  a  human  king  has  a  dux,  has  governors. 
[Our  w.  is  a  gloss  to  a  word  in  the  text  which  is  now 
missing,  prob.  W*VD  -• — Editions  vary  between  OiU^wlpl::, 
r"J"_-p*r  &c.   V.  Mus.  s.  v.  in  Ar.  ed.  Koh.] 

C  ll""i^  m.  1)  (Xuzo;)  wolf,  an  opprobious  epithet  of 
the  altar.  Succ.  56b;  Tosef.ib.IV,  28  0*pib  ed.Zuck.(corr. 
ace.) ;  Y.  ib.  V,  end,  55d.—  2)  pr.  n.  m.  Olplb,  t^p"1',  TP^- 
read  Oi"pib  Lucius,  v.  W*a. 

!tf  — P*5  m.  (-pb)  picking, pinch;  'b  'b  in  small  quan- 
tities.Vam.R.  to  1, 1  ("TOM)  'b  'b  1?  mm  xb(Ar.X"J£'::::p 
q  v.)  wilt  thou  not  sell  me  (pepper)  at  retail? — Ruth  R. 
to  II,  7  (expl.  --V2  r.'Zn  i-irrr,  ib.)  [read:]  X'jplb  nrsr 
'31  n*-2'£  nr*xb  she  took  up  a  small  quantity  (of  the 
ears)  for  her  who  was  in  the  house  (Naomi),  who  was 
looking  out  for  her. 

"l—p"*,  Gen.  E.  s.  61  'b  X"n  pffl  Ar.,  read  with  Yalk. 
ib.  1 10  m-jp  "ttaV  "-•:  x'n  •p'tn  (ed.  *bl  mV«e  icrtJ  pTn). 

"2S"p"~,  S  p". *i>  n!?  m.  pi.  (Xioxdtov)  a  flower 
of  the  genus  levcoinm,  snow-flakes.  Bekh.  45b  a  man  cried 
out,  "nm  rOIItPKl  '5  "Wl  1*W  (Rashi  "C^pib;  Ar.  "OpTfl^v. 
next  w.)  who  wants  to  buy  levcoiumsl,  and  it  was  found 
to  be  white  flowers  (snow-flakes).   [Rashi:  white  lambs.] 

Cpl^,  v.  oipib. 
||'  [o      '  !^>    ■f'i  m-  (a  denom.  of  Kvjy.rt,  a  kind  of 

elephantiasis)  one  who  is  ichite-spotted  in  the  face.  Bekh 
VII,  6  '=5  ed.  (Rashi  Tft);  ib.  45b  expl.  SOTn  (from  an- 
alogy with  "CXipib,  v.  pieced.);  Tosef.  ib.V,  9  p^lb  (read 
'lib).  Tosef.  Ber.  VII  (VI),  3  pllb  ed.  Zuck.  (Var.  ypib); 
Y.  ib.  IX,  13,J  bot.  'lib;  Sifra  Emor,  Par.  3;  ch.  Ill  '3b; 
Ber.  58b  'lib  (Ms.  M.  'lib,  corr.  ace). 

xryop^,  v.  xn^ppb. 
OTamb,  v.  ifen*. 

"&13  (b.  h.)  to  knead.  Sabb.  VII,  2  'iter;  he  who  kneads 
(on  the  Sabbath).  Y.  ib.  VII,  10b  bot.,  a!  fr.  »i  tJTOjJ  3TT1 
is  guilty  of  an  act  coming  under  the  category  of  knead- 
ing (v.  DlVo).  Pes.  30a,  a.  e.  '21  rx  f^b  'pX  you  must  not 
knead  dough  (of  bread)  with  milk;  a.  v.  fr.  —  Part.  pass. 
BJift,  fr.  ft&b.  Y.  Sot.  IX,  24b  bot.  '31  ttCTtJ  'b  kneaded 
with  honey  and  cream  (Bab.  ib.48b,3in;;te-:rn5-|rb!T3Ti). 

i\Ti/*.  ui;:,  tJft"«a  to  &e  kneaded.  Pes.  35u  rrtJSirgtt  no"1:? 
'31  dough  kneaded  with  wine,  oil  or  honey.  Sot.  48b,  v. 
supra.  Men.  V,  2  (55a)  "p*TjJl23  PWjfta  (Bab.  ed.  ttW^?) 
must  be  kneaded  with  tepid  water;  a.  fr.  —  Yalk.  Prov. 
959  (etymol.  of  1275)  W8»  ttrftS  SIS  fctt  TSttEMi?  (not  »Vo) 
man's  flesh  is  kneaded  between  his  (the  lion's)  teeth;  Ab. 
d'R.  N.  II  Vers.  ch.  XLI1I  (ed.  Schechter,  p.  122)  \OtVO 

psa  fto  vsz  prifta  (not  7«tow). 

*&1>  ch.  same.  Targ.  0.  Gen.  XVIII,  6.  Targ.  Hos. 
VII,  4  "i:53T  ptra  ed.  Lag.  (oth.  ed.  'c\"-Q-i,  B5s!»^n)  from 
the  time  of  kneading. — Part.  pass.  'd~ib.  Targ.  0.  Num. 
XI,  8  (h.  text  TO?).— -Pes.  36a  '31 1?  ?ir>':r  xb  do  not  knead 
(the  bread  on  Passover)  for  me  with  &c.  Pesik  R.  s.  22 
'Z*  ^V?  r?TX  went  to  knead  (and  bake  her  bread)  at  her 
neighbor's;  Lev.  R.  s.  6  -3"p;;  a.  e. 

rfl<,  D"ll 5  (v.  W,  tin)  unto;  ivith.  Targ.  Gen.  II,  19 
rib  (constr.):  a.  v.  fr. — With  suff.  "^nib,  ^ni*3  &c.  unto  me, 
unto  thee  &c.  lb.  XXXIX,  15,  sq.  (h.  text  Wx) ;  a.  v.  fr  — 
r'fea  /rom  the  presence  of.  Targ.  Ex.  IX,  33;  a.  e. — B. 
Kam.  1 1 1 ,J ;  B.  Mets.  62b  bot.  Till?  pS3  ...MeyOtJ  *S  when 
I  die,  R.  O.  shall  come  to  meet  me ;  a.  fr. 

P,  v.  ten. 

T  T  - 

Sf!p,  to  fitp,  mow.    Targ.  Prov.  IV,  21  ",T5:  Ms.;   v. 

O)",  v.  tata^. 
"?b,  v.  ten. 

Tll^  f.  (b.  h.;  M?  IV),  constr.  rite  eft/  fatt.  Yeb.  24h; 
Keth.  22b  (quot.  fr.  Prov.  IV,  24). 

n "  m. (b.  h. ;  Hfi?  to  be  sticky,  sappy,  fresh)  moist,green, 
fresh;  liquid;  opp.  -2\  Dem.  II,  3  UJS^I  Tvs  either  fresh 
or  dried  fruits.  Ib.  5  "Oil  rteai  in  selling  fresh  fruits 
(or  liquids),  a  denar's  worth  is' wholesale;  Y.  ib.  II,  end, 
23a  '31  rteb  DT21  "OW  for  fresh  fruit  they  adopt  the  stand- 
ard of  value,  for  dried  that  of  quantity  (cmp.  X"31P) ;  Tosef. 
ib.  Ill,  1 2  yn  rteai  and  for  liquids  the  standard  is  a  JSin. 
Gen.  R.  s.  79,  beg.  (play  on  n?3,  Job  V,  26)  '31  nb  X3r 







thou  shalt  die  in  the  possession  of  vigor  (cmp.  Deut. 
\ XXIV,  7);  a.  fr.—Fcm.  nnb.  Sabb.49a  '3  D1D3  a  moist 
garment;  a.  fr.  —  PI.  o^nb,  firfe;  nin?.  lb.  "pass  nans  'V 
W  naturally  moist,  inx  "Oi  nana  '3  moist  through  some 
incident.  Y.  Ber.  I,  2C  bot.  '31  D^am  Ttl  '3  the  heavens 
were  liquid  .  .  .,  and  on  the  second  day  they  congealed 
(v.  iba);  Gen.  R.  s.  4,  beg.  DTPlSSa  TNI  '3  (corr.  ace);  a. 
fr.— V.  nnb. 

n5  m.,  v.  nnb. 

fcnni  v.  nnil. 

t  -:    _ 

nn^,  nriv  f.  (b.  h.  nb;  v.  nb)  moisture,  secretion. 
SifreTDeut.  357  (ref.  to  Deut.  XXX IV,  7)  nhb  03  xb  n"X 
'=1  nmiB  '3...  3D,  fttJW  nnb  03  X3X  read  not,  'his  moist- 
ure (vigor)  had  not  failed'  but  'was  not  failing  now' 
(that  he  was  dead)  (i.e.  03  is  not  meant  for  the  perfect 
tense  but  for  the  partic.  present),  whoever  touched  Moses' 
body,  felt  moisture  burst  forth  from  it  in  all  directions} 
Yalk.  ib.  963.  Shebi.  II,  1  *#\  nbsntfJ  15  until  the  moisture 
in  the  ground  is  gone;  Y.  ib.  33c  '3  X3n  *jXa  what  Tannai 
is  it  that  makes  moisture  a  condition? — Sabb.  107a  X^Xinb 
'b  rTMW  to  let  the  pus  escape.  Makhsh.  VI,  7  ttrrno  '3tt 
ill-smelling  moisture  (purulent  substance);  a.  fr. —  Trnsf. 
nriTO  '3  (prodiict  of)  ill-smelling  secretion,  i.e.  man.  Cant. 
R.  to  VII,  9  'O  '3  SWl  ^X  Oh,  thou  wicked  mortal !  Ex.  R. 
8.  20;  a.  e. 

Nnainb,  v.  ^nb. 

T    T  .'  t   :   • 

"Tin!?,  "l*n*  adv.  (v.  "in  II)  1)  singly,  separately,  only. 
Targ.  Ex".  XXVI,' 9  (h.  text  133).  Targ.  Gen.  VI,  5  (h.  text 
p"i); — Taan.  21 b  '3  "TOl  '3  ■nQS  the  men  separately 
and  the  women  separately.  Ber.  21'  "jnsi  'b  XWiu  W 
'3  x"WVU  there  is  a  separate  (different)  standard  of  time 
for  the  poor  man  (when  he  goes  to  his  meal)  and  an- 
other for  the  priest  (when  he  goes  to  eat  T'rumah), 
opp.  irWB  in  the  same  time.  Hull.  55a  -jmsi  '3  api3 
'3  a  perforated  milt  is  one  thing,  and  a  removed  one 
another  (the  laws  are  different);  a.  fr. — With  suff.  "Hinb, 
"ninba  for,  by  myself,  -ftfrfe,  ^nba  for,  by  thyself  &c. 
Targ.  Num.  XI,  14.  Targ.  6.  Ex.  XVIII,  14  -pinbS;  Y. 
SftWig^j  a.  fr.  — B.  Kam.  38a  n-Q3.b  ft+ftoh  6W1  blX  Ms. 
fit*  (ed.  n^35  iXTinb,  corr.  ace.)  he  went  to  him  by  himself. 
Men.  38a  OTTO  "in  33  each  for  itself  (one  independent 
of  the  other),  opp.  ina  II  P>H"tt'l  both  combined  as  one;  a. 
fr.  —  'baj  (=h.  nabai,  v.  -QUI)  provided,  but.  Y.  Ber.  1, 
3d  top  "31  1W  xbl  'bai  provided  that  he  does  not  do 
&c,  v.  x:"H-ir\  Y.  Peah  I,  161'  bot.  IT*  jtVi  xbl  '31  provid- 
ed that  he  does  not  return  to  it  (his  sin);  a.  fr. — 2)  (v. 
-nn)  jointly,  also  (h.M).  Targ.  Ps  LII,7.  lb.  CX1X,  23  Ms. 
(ed.  Dinx);  ib.  24.  Targ.  Job  XXVIII,  27;  a.  e. 

CS  1  iMv,  v.  preced. 

IL'inb,  y.enb. 

L;in^,  H^Hv  m.  (v.  rnbl)  flaming,  red.  Targ.  Y. 
.Gen.  XXX,  32,  sq.  a.  e.  (0.  D»nr,  h.  text  Din). 

n>  I  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  pi.  Lehi  (v.  next  w).  Gen.  R.s.98. 

(ref.  to  Juc"  XV,  19)  '3  ia\15  Mnn  Dipan  the  name  of  the 
place  was    i. 

"Fir  ll,  YD  m.  (b.  h.;  nnb;  cmp.  6Wft)  [joint,]  \)jaw. 
Tanh  Ki  Thissa  18  '33  IJWhW  mnib  the  tablets  are  called 
hih<  n,  because  they  must  be  studied  with  weariness  of 
th',  lehi  (jaw). — Du.  D^nb.  Erub.  54:i  (play  on  rnb,  Ex. 
XXXI,  18)  '31  pVQ  ?iyf>  tfT«  O^a  OX  Ms.  M.  (v.  Rabb. 
D.  8.  a.  1.  note)  if  one  will  make  his  jaws  as  (untiring  in 
repeating  lessons  as)  a  stone  &c.  Cant.  R.  to  IV,  15; 

v,  12  (ref.  to  ib.  13)  '3  )*V3  nxsv  nabn  xnntr  is . . .  a^nba  rn 

one  scholar  inserts  one  thing,  another  another  thing,  until 
the  haldkhah  (decision)  comes  forth  like  jaws  (well  adjust- 
ed). Sabb.57b(expl.  "pl^aiO,  ib.  VI,  1)  rn^nb  19  nb  y&VGft 
ed.  (Ms.  M.  D^nbn  ir  "pSWan)  ornaments  of  the  head 
which  hang  down  so  as  to  reach  her  cheeks.  Y.  Taan. 
IV,  68d  bot.;  Lam.  R.  to  II,  2  '31  7p?nba  D^aES  lb»->  grass 
will  grow  through  thy  jaws  (thou  shalt  be  dead  and  buri- 
ed), and  the  son  of  David  shall  not  yet  have  appeared. 
Tosef.  Ohol.  I,  6  ',na5>  T^nbm  (ed.  Znck.  Tibm)  and  the 
jaw-bones  count  among  them.  Hull.  X,  1 ;  a.  fr.  —  2)  va- 
rious objects  resembling  a  jaw,  or  attached  to  another 
object;  a)  that  part  of  the  bridle  which  encompasses  the. 
jatv.  Kel.  XI,  5. — b)  the  cheek-pieces  of  a  casque.  Ib.  8 
(v.  Maim,  comment,  ed.  Dehr.).  —  c)  inserted  sticks,  with 
which  theploughis  guided.  Ib.  XXI,  2. — Esp.  3)  lehi,  a  stake 
fastened  in  the  ground  by  the  side  of  a  wall,  serving  as 
a  mark  or  as  a  fictitious  partition  (enclosure)  for  the  pur- 
pose of  enabling  the  inmates  of  an  alley  to  move  objects, 
on  the  Sabbath,  within  the  space  thus  enclosed  (v.  S'rTOT. 
Erub.  12b  nsTia  Dlltta  'b  a  lehi  is  to  serve  the  place  of 
a  partition  (palisade),  contrad.  to  "0*t\  dltUa  a  mark  to 
distinguish  the  alley  from  the  public  road.  Ib.  I,  2  liafcn 
ntmpl  'b . .  ."^aa  the  means  of  fitting  an  alley  for  movements 
on  the  Sabbath  ...  are  a  stake  and  a  beam  on  top;  'bx  'i 
¥$$}  1aw  R-  E-  says  two  stakes.  Ib.  6  '31  "Ha**  frb 
the  stakes  about  which  they  speak  must  be  ten  hand- 
breadths  high  &c.  Ib.  i5a  'b  rn  . ..  -nbxa  WWH  'b  a  pole 
put  up  accidentally  (not  with  the  intention  of  making  it 
a  Sabbath  mark) .  .  .  serves  the  ritual  purposes  of  a  lehi. 
Ib.  12b  'ba  "iTlMn  if  the  alley  has  been  made  available 
for  Sabbath  movements  by  means  of  a  lehi ;  a.  v.  fr. 

2S  n>  ch.  same,  1)  the  cheek-piece  of  a  bridle.  —  PI. 
xrxins.  Hos.xi,4  -pnrxinba -pnai  ed.  (ed.Lag.  xrnnba; 
oth.ed.  xnxinb/xn'ib,  xrx^nb,  omittingthesuffix)lengthen- 
ing  (loosening)  their  bridles  (h.  text  DnTlb). — 2)  stake  as 
a  Sabbath  mark,  lehi,  v.  preced.  Erub.  15a  'b  be:  the  lehi 
had  fallen  over.— V.  MT«n&. 

T     t  t  : 

_JJ  x  adv.  (Ttb,cmp.  Aeth.  la-ha-ya  to  be  beautiful ;  cmp. 
tTB*,l'2i)very  well,  all  right.  Targ.Ruthlll,  13.— Gitt.67b 
bot.  'b  b"X  said  he  to  him,  Very  well  (do  so).  Erub.  15* 
'b  map  XTabiaa  as  regards  grain  stacks,  very  well  (they 
may  have  been  so  arranged  on  purpose);  a.  fr. 

^^tO*  't^^  f-  P1-  (v-  ^^  2)  Palisades>  whence 
axi'^a  n^nb,'  rwrtb  =  (awra)  ^r  pr.  n.  pi.  Fort  (of  Moab). 
Targ.  0.  Num.  XXI,  15*  r.*nb;  Y.  rY»*»nb.    Ib.  0.  28  ttT?) 



-X""  (Y.  II  'SI  ftrrrp  'b).  In  gen.  fortresses1  Targ.  Esth. 
IX,  27.  l  ' 

•jTib,  v.^.  Tt 

D-n",_v.=r:r.  ^ 

nD'H^  f.  ("'?)  licking,  lapping  (of  flames).  Y.  Mag. 
II,  771'  bot.'  ".-z-2  ",~"~:=  '"-x  rzr'-~  rxM  WW  »nd 
flaming  tongues  lapped  them  (the  words)  as  they  were 
lapped  when  coining  down  from  Sinai. 

n."n~,  nirpf.  (v.  nextw.)  maidservant.  —  PI. 
r-:-::.T  Ex.'R.  s.40,  end  ;  (Tanh.  Ki  Thissa  13  n-nB"J). 

wnjrp,  sronb  ('jTp)f.  (-(n-5,cmP.m?,  to  join-, 

cmp.  JW,  M*ib  II)  lj  concubine  (=h.  sabs);  2)  maidservant 

(=h.  MOX)!  Targ.  0.  Gen.  XXXV,  22  (some  ed.  XF ). 

Targ.  Jud.  VIII,  31;  a.  e—  PI.  *|rrb,  KWt*,  ':~b.  Targ. 
I  Kings  XI,  3.  Targ.  0.  Gen.  XxV,  6.  Targ.  Y.  ib.'  XX,  17. 
Targ.  Job  XIX,  15. 

ntttrb,  v.  xrrb. 

T      •    J  T   T  : 

n Cn  3  f.  (tirA  II)  1)  whisper;  spell,  charm.  Y.Sabb. 
VI,  8b  bot.  (expl.  tM3ft\  Is.  Ill,  20)  "pm  X1MH5  TSI  SfWlp 
'3M  M^ab?  ear-rings,  (namely)  that  which  is  put  on  the  place 
where  the  whispering  for  charming  purposes  is  done  (the 
ear). — '33  in  a  low  voice.  Gen.  R.  s.  3,  beg.;  a.  fr. — [Y.  Ber. 
I,  3d  top,  v.  X'irib.].— 2)  hissing  (of  the  serpent),  emission 
of  venom.  Ab.  II,  10  '="  WDTft  fhuftjl  their  (the  scholars') 
hissing  is  that  of  &c;  Num.  R.  s.  3,  beg. — Trnsf.  invidious 
talk,  tale-bearing,  insinuation.  Pes.  57a  •jilttTMb'a  *b  "nx 
woe  to  me  on  account  of  their  talk;  Tosef. Men. XIII, 21 
JW**  tva  their  mouth.— PI.  nvs'-rb.  Tosef.  Sot.  XIV,  3; 
Sot.47b  pn3  'b  '  Willi)  those  influencing  the  court  by  means 
of  secret  talk  or  insinuations. 

?jn5  (b.  h.)  to  lick,  lap  (cmp.  rns).  Y.  Meg.  I,  71c  hot. 
'=1  arm  WnBfa  M=rpb  he  licks  it  (the  ink)  off  with  his 
tongue  (from  the  interspaces  of  the  letters)  so  that  the 
Divine  Name  remains  intact.  Hull.  142a  "£>  ~*M3^  . . .  ME 
Oh  that  the  mouth  which  gave  forth  pearls  must  now 
lick  dust!;  Kidd.39b-n>-  (Pi.).  Esth.  R.  to  IV,  15  Tpfb  ■>= 
'=1  'IfMl  for  I  should  have  been  willing  to  lick  the  shoe 
of  his  (Haman's)  foot;  a.  e. 

Pi-  ~~"'5  same,  esp.  (of  lapping  flames)  to  lick  up,  dry 
1%.  make  glowing.  B.  Kam.  6a  rn  MSfA  (Rashi  ">b)  it  (the 
fire)  lapped  his  neighbor's  ploughed  field.  Gen.  R.  s.  4, 
beg.;  Yalk.  Job  914.  Y.  Hag.  II,  77 b  bot.  r=nVc,  v.  Mis-Tib. 
(Ruth  R.  to  III  13  T-jnbT3). 

?\T\b  ch.  same.  Targ.  I  Kings  XXI,  19  (h.  text  pp'?). 
Ib.  XVhl,  38.  Targ.  Mai.  Ill,  19  ift  iV;  ed.  Lag.  (some  ed. 
---:- J./".;  h.  text  CMb,  v.  preced.);  a.  e.  — Ab.  Zar.  28a 
iTpro  MWMb  they  burned  (cauterized)  his  shoulder  (to 
get  the  poison  out).. 

Pa.  tfr6  same.  Targ.  Jud.  VII,  5.  Targ.  Is.  LXIV,  1 ; 
a.  e. — Pes.  49a  "Z'.'S  7p~bc  dish-licker. 

n^ntp  m.  (MMb,  v.  Mb)  moisture.  Cant.  R.  to  II,  1  ^33 
'b  ■-  'i'"  there  is  still  some  moisture  in  it;  (Midr.  Till,  to 

Ps.  I  rrrt&rby.— v.  3**. 

Sn^n>  ch.  same.—  PI.  %vbn\\  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  H,  42a 

t  :     • 

'3  mas  px  if  it  gives  out  juice. 

!T1  n5!  jr\  J}  n  '  3  f. same,  moisture,  juice;  vitality.  Gen. 
R.  s.  48  'b  ha  UPIIJ  n:pT  (Ar.  rraibsb)  old  age  combined 
with  vitality.  Ib.  s.  61,  beg.  (ref.  to  inp31">,  Job  XIV,  7) 
lVr  '3  IT  that  means  his  vitality.  Snh.  49 a  '31  Vs  ""4  f*"© 
David  was  yet  in  full  vigor.  Ib.  92b  (ref.  to  Ez.  XXXVII, 
4 ;  1 1)  'dry  bones'  are  men  ms"3  r3  'b  CMS  pXU3  in  whom 
there  is  no  sap  of  good  deeds;  Sot.  46b  bot.;  Yalk.  Kings 
226;  a.  e.— [Cant.  R.  to  I,  6  'b  nbri,  read:  PCWiVsK] 

XSTTCSnb  ch.  same.  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  II,  42a  M"nOX  'b  the 
juice  (brine  of  fish  prepared  by  gentiles)  is  forbidden. 

rp^n",  IT1*  m.  (~M3),  MB  'b  lapping  icith  the  tongue 
into  the  mouth.  Lev.  R.  s.  22;  Pesik.  Eth  Korb.,  p.  58a; 
Pesik.  R.  s.  16;  Yalk.  Num.  776;  Yalk.  Job  926;  Tanh. 
Pinh.  12  [read:]  MB  -JlbMb  ■**>  DM3  tfi  *SS  (not  "1133?, 
M13M3)  is  there  in  them  (the  waters  of  the  Jordan)  enough 
(for  the  Behemoth)  for  a  lapping?  [or  MB  '3  "M3  DM3  W*) 
and  there  is  just  enough  for  etc.] — Ib.  MB  '3  ["^3]  3M3  '"X 
there  is  not  enough  &c. 

H5HO  (redupl.  of  MM3,  v.  Ms)  to  moisten. 

Nithpa.  rjbtftro  to  be  moistened.  Gen.  R.  s.  36  (expl. 
M31XM  CiX,Gen.ix,20)M?3nXM  MMbribro  iVouniO  since  for 
his  sake  the  ground  became  moist  again  (cmp.  Gen.  R. 
s.  33,  end,  quot.  s.  v.  THJ).  Y.  Sabb.  IV,  6d  bot.  TWV 
IMbrtbpsra  dry  (plants)  which  have  been  moistened  again, 

opp.  "pass  nana  "Mb,  v.  Mb. 

nbn5  ch.  same.  Gen.  R.  s.  41  (expl.  ftta,  Is.  LI,  23) 
Tt»UJ'pjl>nlujfl  "pPMO  yyqacfl  pb^X  (some  ed. ip-^)  those 
who  make  thy  wounds  flow,  who  moisten  thy  wounds, 

v.  am. 

Dn5 1  (cmp.  rib),  to  join,  or  to  be  joined,  be  inserted. 

ESf.rvtf^n  to  fit,  insert;  to  tenon.  Y.  Sabb.  XII,  13= 
'31  rx  CMbaM  he  who  inserts  the  shutters  (of  a  shop): 
Y.  Bets.  I,  60c  DM372M  (corr.  ace).  Cant.  R.  to  V,  12;  ib. 
to  IV,  15,  v.  "rb.  Lev.  R.  s.  3  (ref.  to  the  harmonious 
parallelism  of  Is'.  LV,  7)  p^nol  0^02^311)  0->M3^  WTttrtC 
Mtb  MT  as  one  fits  (with  tenon  and  mortise)  two  boards 
and  glues  them  to  one  another;  "'""O  TC  '"O  XIM'i"  D1X3 
M^^flM  (leave  out  MT3  MT  yOTtfl,  v.  Ar.  s.  v.  M32)  as  one 
inserts  two  legs  of  a  bedstead. 

DlJ^  II  (b.  h.;  v.  preced.)  to  join. 

Nif.  DMba  (cmp.  use  of  W{  Nithpa.)  to  come  in  (hostile) 
contact,  to  battle;  with  b  of  person,  to  assist,  battle  for. 
Mekh.  B'shall.  2  (ref.  to  Ex.  XIV,  14)  xbx  033  DMsV.  .xb 
'31  p3'3  CM;-  DVob  not  only  this  time  will  he  assist  you, 
but  he  will  always  battle  against  your  enemies.  Tanh. 
Mase  6  bMftWB  BM^"7^  Y'MOS  when  he  (Sisera)  went  to 
war  against  &c.  Ib.  Vayera  7  (ref.  tOOTlba,  Job  XX,  23) 
'31 C?  a^anb?  ftm  BTOB^BW  br  for  the  battles  which  they 
fought  against  the  Lord;  a.  fr. 

Hithpa.  onbrn  to  contest,  dispute.  Y.  M.  Kat.  Ill,  8ld 
top  '31  BTOnbtTO  D^SM  nx  if  scholars  are  at  variance  with 





one  another,  what  concern   is  it  to  you?    (B.  Mets.  591' 

'=*  pit  rst  nt  DTttBto). 

□n5  111.  (b.  li.;  fr.  nnb  to  chew,  v.  Ges.  H.  Diet.1"  s.  v. 
^)  food,  bread;  [Arab.  m/<v<*].  Ber.  V,  1  the  benediction 
over  bread  (rB)  reads:  '=1  'V  fcOXTan  who  makes  t  food 
Kiow  out  of  the  earth;  ib.  371'.  Men.  XI,  1  'bn  Titt  (sub. 
nVXffl)  the  two  loaves  of  bread  (Lev.  XXIII,  17).  lb.  'b 
P"W1  the  show-bread  (on  the  table  of  the  Sanctuary); 
a.  fr. — Trnsf.  tribute,  tax,  salary  (cmp.  annona).  Ruth  R. 
to  II,  14  rTOVo  bl25  nsnb  IT  that  is  (thou  shalt  partake  of) 
the  royal  maintenance!  Zeb.  85a;  Meil.  7b  nan  blU  to* 
i he  tribute  belonging  to  the  altar  (cmp.  Lev.  XXI,  6;  8; 
Neh.  V,  14).— PL  WO$.  Y.  Hag.  Ill,  end,  79(l  'b  "WB  two 
sets  of  show-bread,  opp.  to  *inx  enb. 

Dnb,  D^nb  tfOnbcli.  I)  same.  Targ.  Gen.  XIV, 
18.  Ib.  XLIIlVi ;\— Snh.  1001'  (from  Ben  Sira)  IS* 
ItW  ao  '1  'b  blS"1!*  ^X53  if  a  man  gays,  'wherewith  shall 
I  eat  bread  (to  season  it)?',  take  the  bread  from  him.  Ab. 
Zar.  35h  l<KBnm  'b  (Ms.  M.  X~n3)  bread  baked  by  gentiles, 
v.  PB.  Ber.  421'  '21  'b  VOW  VfO  (Ms.  M.  X^ilS)  let  us  go 
and  dine  at  a  certain  place;  a.  fr. — 2)  meat,  flesh.  Ex.  R. 
s.  42  (ref.  to  B"2nb,  Zeph.  I,  17)  'b  VirW&  "pip  IWW  in 
Arabia  they  call  meat  lahtna. 

^12TD  m.,  rPEHb  f.  (  =  lanbfi  n-a)  of  Bethlehem. 
Tosef.Kel.  B.  Mets.' VII,  1 ;  Bekh.  22'  'bn  rYOTl  Beth- 
lehem wine  jug.  —  PI.  rriWjb.  Kel.  II,  2;  Tosef.  ib.  B. 
Kam.  II,  2. 

DTOiOPu  f.  pi.  (denom.  of  anb)  a  sort  of  bread  offer- 
ed as  dessert,  wafers.  Ber.  42a  (Ms.  F.  nw^nb). 

ranb,  aronb,  v.  SUb  ?**>. 

^n5  (b.  h.)  to  squeeze;  to  force,  press.  Kidd.  22a(ref. 
to  Deut.  XXI,  12)  'thou  shalt  bring  her  to  thy  house'  T?Ab 
nsnbaa  nssnb"?  Kbffi  this  intimates  that  he  must  not 
urge  her  (to  yield  to  him)  during  the  war.  B.  Mets.  59b 
"arvibni  and  he  who  presses  him  (the  stranger),  contrad. 
to  flJX.— Part.  pass,  "prfs,  pi.  D"Wnb.  Num.R.  s.  1 1  D^ptni 
'bl  pushed  and  pressed. 

'£1"D  I  (cmp.  ~nb,  anb)  [to  lick,]  to  flame,  glow  (of 
coals),  opp.  Bto3>.  Pes.T75b  (ref.  to  EX  "tea,  Lev.  XVI,  12) 
rrrnibn  ya  iraa  tFO  xn . . .  tTBAW  b*=i  ibna  by  gahdle 

I  might  understand  dying  coals, ;  by  esh  I  might 

understand  a  flame;  .. .  how  is  it  now  (that  it  reads  ibns 
8K)1  He  takes  from  among  the  glowing  coals;  Y.  Yoma 
II,  end,  42a;  Sifra  Ahare,  Par.  2,  eh.  Ill;  a.  e. 

Ol5  II  (b.  h.;  cmp.  nan,  irn3)  to  whisper.  Ber. 
22a  '=1  'ib  rrrnb  said  it  in  a  whisper  to  R.  A. — Esp.  to 
whisper  an  incantation,  to  charm.  Snh.  X,  1  (90a)  lanibn 
V\  iiz'a'n  b~  he  who  mumbles  over  a  wound  reciting  the 
verse  (Ex.  XV,  26)  &c.  Ib.  101a  '=1  hBTTft  ywib  you 
may  whisper  a  charm  over  bites  of  serpents  and  scorpions 
on  the  Sabbath;  [Rashi :  charm  serpents  &  make  them 
innocuous].  Y.Sabb.  XIV,  14c  bot.  '31  "fSb  ynrnlb  you  may 
cure  by  charm  a  sore  eye  &c;  a.  v.  fr. 

Pi.  rnb  same,  1)  to  whisper,  hiss  (of  th«  nerpetrt);  fo 
inform.    Tanli.  Vaera  4  (ref.  to  Ber.  V,  1,  v.  ni^na)  HB 

':•,  nenb^  r,»ab"an  rjx  s-nn:  •Jnb"?  rn:n  as  the  serpent 
hisses  and  kills,  so  does  the  (Roman)  government  hiss 
(inform)  and  kill;  [read:]  -plOWl  rPS3  Bnxn  rx  fTtH  X-n 
I3*nm  rbj'  irnba  Xini  the  same  (officer)  puts  a  man  in 
prison  and  the  same  informs  against  him  and  puts  him 
to  death;  Ex.R.s.  9.— Tanh.  Balak  14  fTO  mnst  "paJriVt 
'tl  fill'  they  (the  demons)  repeat  after  him  in  a  low  voice, 
Blessed  be  the  name  &c;  Num.  R.  s.  20;  a.  e. — Trnsf.  to 
incite,  mislead.  Ber.  71';  Meg.  61'  '=1  Taib  D1X  r,'inb  OKI 
and  if  one  mislead  thee  saying  &c;  Gift.  23b.  Num.R.  s.  4 
'Z"\  X^uinir  "jCnb  **£  who  told  thee  that  the  Lord  dis- 
charged the  first-born  (in  disgrace)  &c.?— [Erub.  91a  ■- 
-mb,  read  ir""C  n=bn,  as  ib.  74",  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1. 
note  90.] 

Nif.  dnbo  (with  b)  to  be  hissed  at,  be  incited.  Koh.  R. 
to  X,  11  'zt  lb  '3  ="KK  ....  irren  "px  no  serpent  bites 
unless  it  is  set  on  from  above;  nb  '3  r"SX  . . .  PliaVWl  *,"W 
b^sb^  nor  does  government  persecute  a  man,  unless  it  is 
set  on  from  above. 

I*n5,  tliriD  eh.  same,  to  whisper,  charm.  Targ.Y. 

Gen.  xi,'  28.— y.  Sot.  I,  i6(1  bot.  vvv\  nr^-b  dinVnj . .  .b= 

"1,a,inb>ir let  any  woman  that  knows  how  to  cure  a  sore  eye 
by  charm,  come  forth  and  charm  for  me.  Ib.  -pans  ^OS 
151  n"»b  ntanb  act  as  if  you  were  charming  to  him  and  you 
may  spit  into  his  eye;  Num.  R.s.9;  Lev.  R.  s.  9. — Y.Sabb. 
XIV,  14d  bot.,  a.  e.,  v.  «RB\   Yoma  821',  v.  infra;  a.  fr. 

Pa.  drib  same.  Targ.  II  Sam.  XII,  19.— Y.  Ber.  1,3' 
bot.  "pirnboi  "p3nj  bending  and  whispering  (a  prayer). 

Ithpe.  C^n'^K  l)  to  be  tvhispered  to,  be  relieved  by  a 
ivhispered  charm.  Yoma  82 ''  [read:]  "Utfnb  .  .  .  nb  Wfflb 
XdinlpXI  nb  whisper  to  her  that  to-day  is  the  Day  of 
Atonement.  They  did  whisper  to  her  and  she  was  relieved 
(of  her  morbid  appetite);  [Ms.  0.  BtlVWI  and  the  embryo 
in  her  womb  was  quieted;  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  notes  10  a. 
20]. — 2)  to  listen.   B.  Mets.  59'  [read]  23^njpni  and  listen, 

v.  yn, 

*&n>  m.  (b.  h.;  preced.J  whisper. — 'ba  in  u  low  voice. 
Erub.  54a  'ba  nsiffi  f\"*n  was  in  the  habit  of  studying  in 
a  low  voice;  (ib.  53b  bot.  nCTlba  tnia).   Hag.  14a  (ref.  to 

mnb,  is.  in,  3)  'ba  •pn.'wa  mm  ^nno  ib  -pioina  rn  (v. 

Ms.  M.  in  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  a.  Rashi  to  Is.  1.  c.)  that  is  he 
to  whom  are  handed  over  the  secrets  of  the  Law  which 
are  communicated  in  a  low  voice  (cmp.  Gen.  R.  s.  3, 
beg.);  a.  e. 

senb,  (s'Jtd,  iTirn5)  m.  ch.  same,  o  ***»- 

tt;s  t     •     :         .T.:' 

per.  Y.  Ber.  I,  3C  sq.  n^^nb  ^"l  ima  what  means  that  whis- 
per (what  do  they  pray  in  a  low  voice)?— 2)  spell,  charm, 
secret  art.  Targ.  Jer.  VIII,  17  ed.  Ven.  (Bxt.  S<rnb,  ed. 
Lag.  Tpb;  Kimhi  '■'nb).—  PI.  T-Tjb,  constr.  -Jrb.  Targ. 
Ex.  VII,  11  (h.  text  "Jnb);  ib.  VIII,  14  (h.  text  "ubj. 

nn5,  Hif.  r^nbn  (cmp.  ~nb)  to  loll  the  tongue  (of 
the  dog);  to  pant,  be  exhausted.  Lev.  R.  s.  13  ~fT\^  nnnn 
n^nbp  ab=m  the  ass  walked  (patiently)  and  the  dog  pant- 
ed ;  Talk.  Hab.  563 ;  Sifre  Deut.  343. 



rij*  eh.:.4/".r-r-5Ssaiue.  [Targ.  II  Kings  IV, 34,  sq.,v. 
rnV.]— Lev.R.s.  13 '31  Mlbo  ■"r-  r**  when  burdened  thou 
pantest,  when  unburdened  thou  pantest. — Pesik.  B'shall. 
p.  86b  r,-:r"';~  r'r'zz  X333  ynrtl  S1E3  because  a  dog  (ha- 
bitually) lolls  his  tongue;  Yalk.  Ex.  227. 

KHTlb,  Srn"",  '70  f.  (v.  -nb,  irjrfcj,  xr-3i  *>  the 

splint-bone,  the  miter,  smaller  bone  of  the  leg,  fibula.  Yeb. 
103arT,;r="i  '3  35  Wl  1X3  "xn  Ar.  ed.  Koh.  (Yar.'^S;  ed. 
'"':)  he  who  -walks  on  his  splint-bone  (his  feet  being  turned 
outward  so  as  to  form  an  obtuse  angle). 

ob,*.  a*. 

ny>]  v.   -?• 
H>s".2T,  v.  rrx-jbn. 

t    t  :  t  t  ;  - 

[-"  — ^  m.  (b.  h.  -3)  gum-mastich  (Ladanum),  a  resin 
used  as  perfume.  Targ.  Gen.  XXXVII,  25.— Shebi.  VII,  6 
DT&  (Ms.  M.  ="_•>;  Y.  ed.  no*);  Nidd.  8a  Cl-*3.  [Maim.  a. 
oth.  take  our  w.  for  chestnut  or  hazelnut,  whereas  the 
context  proves  in  favor  of  a  resin.] 

S"  —  "i  —  ~,S""2V—  "STf  (>.aTOu.ia,lautumiae)2«a/r^. 
Ohoh  XVII,  3  '31  K^MO&O  Talm.  ed.  (Mish.  K'nwiiw; 
ed.  Dehr.  X^"33:n33)  he  who  starts  ploughing  from  a 
quarry  (where  chips  of  stones,  bones  &c.  are  deposited) 
or  from  a  deposit  of  bones  &c;  Tosef.  ib.  XVII,  3  SOS'S 
KWB  ed.  Zuck.  (read  '-"Xr?;  ed.  X33H  X33,  corr.  ace). 
[Comment.:  =  X-3::  ^'r  fi*H  of  bones;  but  "3  is  the  prefix 
as  context  proves.] 

X  ,  — ^,  v.  "lW3tM3. 

Sr"— >  f.  (--J3)  curse.  Snh.  48'»  -pax  rr*xAn  rrmA 

T  :  '•  ,  -:-  -         : 

(Yalk.  Kings  172  X~3"p)  his  curse  with  which  thy  father 
cursed  him  (euphemism  for:  the  curse  with  which  thy 
father  cursed  me).  Nidd.  13b  ",:r. ';  IX  y.r  so-1";  does  the 
Mishnah(II,  l)mean  a  law  (punishment)  or  an  execration? 

— '~')  tmFtimiJ  (sec.  r.  of  -12)  to  curse.  Targ.  Jud.  IX, 
27.   Targ.  Job  VJ3;  a.  e. 

Pe.  0^n&  same.   Ib.  II,  14.   Targ.  Jer.  XV,  10;  a.  fr. 

'TD5J  X"^>  same.  Targ.  Gen.  V,  29;  a.  e.  —  Snh.  48b, 
v.  xr"33.   Ber.  7a  n"^:x  I  will  curse  him. 


I—  ~2m'  m.  pi.  (b.  h.;  -W)  secret  arts,  v.  "V"-- 

i  I  w"1  —  ^  f.  (-i'33)  hammering,  furbishing.  Kel.  XIV,  1 

DU  522,  v.  c-:---j". 
Nw  _-,  v.  nursaa. 

—  — -:>  v.  -i-^t. 

IV,  v.  X~3-3. 

•  l  A  I  —  >,  read:  X'v"1"-""  f.  (Kt<.-'i<jp-(iai) public  service. 
Tanh.  Vaera,  ed.  Bub.,  4:  Yalk.  Ex.  178  '3  "^B  .  .  .  XS3B 
3*~i:i32  the  tribe  of  Levi  was  exempt  from  public  service 
in  Egypt;  (Tanh.  ib.  6  "IB  rTZV2  "".t). 

w"I/  (b.  h.;  cmp.  Z)Trs)  to  polish.  Pes.  Ill,  4  (48b)  rzr 
'fiV£Z\  w'sbri  (Y.  ed.  "p:*:i3)  if  the  dough  shows  evidence 
of  rising,  let  her  polish  it  by  means  of  cold  water  (slap 
the  dough  with  hands  dipped  in  cold  water) ;  Y.  ib.  30b 
top.  Gen.  R.  s.  23. 

{2JT2-P,  U^t35  ch.  same,  to  polish,  sharpen.  Targ. 
Gen.  IV,'  22  Levita.— Targ.  Prov.  XXVII,  17.— Part.  pass. 
r-v*3.  Ib. 

*  "=r^2,  not.  Y.  Maas.  Sh.  V,  beg.  55d  yn-2  p  •&  n33  why 
do  we  not  say?— Y.  Snh.  Ill,  21b  T1  V*BM  i;t  for  I  eat  no 
unclean  meat;  a.  fr.— xr?,  n3-?=x:x  ":;  J3"4=T»  "V.  Ib. 
I,  beg.  18a  ftm  BNtl  '3T  that  I  know  not  how  to  judge, 
lb.  X,  28b  3'--  rtrft  I  will  not  go.  Ib.  'z:  VtsPi  'si  and  I 
cannot  bear  it.  Y.  Oil.  II,  62c  top  p  "-3X  '3  -,:xi  but  we 
do  not  say  so.  Y.  Shebi.  IX.  38d  '31  "4w  3TX  ':  will  I  not 
go  and  make  sport  of  that  elder  of  the  Jews?,  i.  e.  I  mil 
go  &c;  a.  fr. 

X1",  tail,  v.  X"*;. 

T    T  '  »* 

S11  V,  S  "  >  pr.  n.  m.  Laya,  abbrev.  of  Ilai,  Hilai  (v. 
Fr.  M'bo,  p.T751').   Y.  Ber.  II,  5C.   Ib.  Ill,  6'1  top;  a.  fr. 


v.  X-1. 

?lS"",  Sr?.S'~,  '""*  f.  pX5,  ^3)  1)  labor.  Targ.  Is. 
XL,  28  (ed.Wil.  "?).  Targ.  Gen. XXXI, 42  (ed.  Berl.  a.  oth. 
r-x-3).— Esp.  vain  labor,  vanity.  Targ.  0.  Num.  XXIII,  2 1 
(Y.  'rr-3;  h.  text  2":r).  Targ.  Is.  X,  1;  a.  e. — 2)  earning, 
acquired  property.  Targ.  Deut.  XXVIII,  33.  Targ.  Ez. 
XXIII,  29;  a.  fr. 

S"5  heart,  v.  abch. 

T        • 

XZ'b,  Pi.  of  XB3,  v.  -a'3. 

S32"1*,  v.  33  Ch. 
t  :     *  ** 

t   :      •  T  :  ■ 

nlD"1",  v  n-a-b. 

t  : 

Dlp^3  0,  m.  (variously  corrupted;  Libycus)  Libyan 
ass.  Sabb.'V.'l  (51 b)  Dnp"Olb,  expl.  ib.  X313  Xl3n.  Kil. 
VIII,  4  (v.  Babb.  D.  8.  a.  L  note);  Tosef.  ib.V,4  '3H  TX  X31 
"pb333  nor  must  you  tie  the  Lybian  ass  to  camels ;  Sifre 
Deut.  231  OpEVn  (corr.  ace).  Y.Kil.  VIII,  31c  •*&>  n^X  ''--. 
OpTS^  ":n  some  read  Nibd'kos  (Numidicus);  [read:]  "|X3 
n*3"i3  nr  sr  /-3  n3X*i  he  who  reads  L.  refers  to  Lubbim  (Dan. 
XI,  43)  (yarb  UO,  read  ma"*,  a  gloss) ;  v.  ©■'aa^X;  Y.  Sabb. 




V,  beg.  7b  (corr.  ace.).— Gen.  B.  s.  98  (ref.  to  Gen.  XL1X, 
11)  [read:]  "HIX  'b  ynOIX  V\  nri3ir  ",655  to  carry  the  fruits 
of  a  less  fertile  vine  they  harness  one  ass  &c.  (v.  Keth. 

*,!)2"0,  "£*  m.  (nnb)  blowing,  fanning  a  flame.  B. 
Kam.  60"  T«B^  O^bd),  v.  ndb. 

"''Q'v  (read:  SOld"^)  pr.  n.  Libya  in  Africa,  esp.  a 
district  of  Northern  Africa  (Libyae  nomos)  between  Egypt 
and  Marniarica.  Y.  Kil.  VIII,  31c  &Q  STVOn  d"na  prose- 
lytes from  L. ;  (Y.Sabb.V,  beg.  7b  BTCp&Q),  v.^ba.  dip^'-. 

"|?lZi"  J,  3"  m.  03.3  II)  1 )  whitening,  cleansing.  B.  Kam. 
9a1'  i"i2",ttJ  "Hrl  ""d  '31  is  whitening  (the  stolen  wool)  a  change 
(by  which  the  right  of  paying  an  indemnity  instead  of 
restoring  the  object  is  acquired)?  Y.  ib.  IX,  beg.  6°;  a.  e. 
—  PL  E^liSTb,  'ab;  'b  *&  the  dags  after  menstruation 
(hiring  which  white  garments  are  worn  while  marital 
contact  is  still  prohibited.  Sabb.  13b  '31  Tf!M3B^  *W 
how  did  he  behave  towards  thee  in  thy  days  of  white 
garments? — 2)  heating,  glowing.  Bets.  34a  d^SSI  'b  dH13d 
because  it  resembles  the  act  of  heating  (new)  tiles,  v.  ",3b. 
—Hull.  8a,  v.  *wrn.  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  V,  end,  451'  '3  rWTS  (not 
*,*3"b)  requires  purification  by  fire  (Num.  XXXI,  23);  W 
'31  "P~iS  and  the  heating  must  be  such  as  to  make  sparks 
come  forth  &c. ;  a.  e. 

■j!3  V,  Snh.  1063,  v.lBOX. 

fcO*irO  foundation,  v.  WttV. 

nWlSTO  m.  (preced.,  v.  "|22  II) 'b  are  well-balanced 
form  of  writing,  the  Samaritan  characters  (v.  Geiger 
Zeitschr.  V,  p.  117).   Snh.  21b  (expl.  *na>  ;M). 

vcfefy  sybyb,  fttfWbi  v.  «$$. 

-ot  b,  &ob:rb,  v.  -m. 

&G2nb,  pi.  ywb,  v.  anrab. 

DlD^O  m.  (At[3avo;)  Lebanon,  the  mountain  range 
on  the  confines  of  Syria  and  Palestine.  Targ.  Y.  I  Num. 
XXIV,  6  (not  '3"<3). 

yzpb,  v.  ffff. 

PTO^m.  (libra)  scales.  Y.  Sabb.  VI,  beg.  7a  $jm 
W  fcOflTi  (Ar.  nin^b)  to  put  a  pair  of  golden  scales  (as 
an  ornament)  on  her  head  dress. 

"pj"Q">  f.  (v.  Wial)  Liburnian  ship.  Y.  Shek.  VI, 
50a  top  (Bab.  ed.  'pTab;  Tosef.  Succ.  Ill,  8  VTO). 

N3",(3,  v.  jerita. 
"ftp  Vj  v.  wab. 

.    yjU"^,  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.  V,  13,  v.  f&. 

]T)mb,  ;bf b,  i&xb,  xbpb,  s;f  b,  v.  sub  #. 

1^*5,  Tanh.,  ed.  Bub.,  B'resh.  24,  v.  IWlV. 

HTO  f.  (b.  h.  rT$;  I^J)  &irM.,  £««"»£  MW/j.   Ab.  Zar. 

I,  3  'bn  dT  birthday.    Y.  Ber.  II,  4d  top  IWW ""TO* 

1D1  inn"'?  happy  he  whose  time  of  death  is  like  his  time 
of  birth,  as  when  he  was  born  he  was  innocent  &c.  Sabb. 

II,  6  V^T1^  rCHJJS  (or  ■|ff*l",b)  in  their  hour  of  confinement. 
Nidd.  29b;— '3  MXdd  (sub.nXdld)  subject  to  the  laws 
of  cleanness  for  a  woman  in  confinement  (Lev.  XII, 2 — 8). 
lb.  23  b;  a.  ir.—Pl.  nTT*.   Y.  ib.  Ill,  50'';  a.  fr. 

arrb,  v.  »•£. 

fctlTP  V  f.  pi.,  v.  WrT'V'. 

mvb,  v.  ***. 

T  T        "  T  T  •• 

"KJJIY^,  'lib  (AtBuxot)  Libyans.  Targ.I  Chr. 
I,  11  (ed.'Lag.  'pk'b,  corr.  ace);  Targ.  Y.I  Gen.  X,  13  (h. 

text  aianb),  v.  Ranb. 

123  l"  pr.  n.  m.  (Leonteus)  Leonti,  name  of  an  Amo- 
ra.  Y.  Yeb.  IX,  end,  10b.  Y.  Sabb.  Ill,  6;i  but.  (Var.  iBWfc, 
■d3il3);  a.  e. 

nrb,  rzirb,  v.  q$. 

fTP^  f.  fjpft  IV)  em/  tatt,  suspicion.  Y.  Yeb.  Ill,  5°  top 
'31 '?  soxlfib  StblU  "'ID  in  order  not  to  give  rise  to  a  suspi- 
cion about  the  legitimacy  of  her  children;  Y.  Gitt.  IX. 
50b  top.   Ib.  IV,  45d  top  rtnb  (corr.  ace). 

nrrb,  v.  nnb. 

iribrrb,  nrnbirb,  tfbtvb,  v.  «*  ^ 

arrpb,  v.  rpt6. 

D^b,  v.  aft. 


^JfWb,  v.  rrsnab. 

TH^ICPb  m.  pi.  (perh.  a  disguise  of  T'lfeflffi,  or  of 
■pTia^l,  v.  lid^Stb)  informers  or  advocates.  Y.  Meg.  Ill, 
74a  bot.  (in  a  secret  letter)  '3  fittjblttb  13d">S  "03  we  have 
won  over  three  informers  (or  speakers). 

SED"0,  Yalk.  Is.  316,  read  srpb. 

STSO'b,  ^Tb2>  c.  (Xixpa)  Litra,  the  Roman  Libra, 

t    :  t    :  •  ' 

a  pound;  also  a  measure  of  capacity  (divided  into  12 
unciae).  Tosef.  Ter.  V,  11 ;  Y.  ib.  IV,  43a  '31  rWXp  '5  a 
pound  of  figs  which  one  pressed  &c.  B.  Bath.  89a  if  a 
person  wishes  to  buy  'P  S'O'i  'a  three  quarters  of  a  pound, 
he  must  not  say,  weigh  for  me  '31  '3  "W3"l  '5  three  quarters 
of  a  pound,  each  quarter  separately  &c.  Y.  Ter.  X.  47 b  top 




•■:*•  ns  -  X~r,  '5  -_:*  and  how  much  is  aL.'f  One  hundred 
zin  (v.  Will).  Ned.59a  r^b:*- 'b  a  Litra  of  onions;  a.  fr. — PL 

—  -•'-,  tvntfb,  rtttntfi,  Vftffb.  B.  Bath.  I.e.  Tosef.  Ter. 
1.  c.  Gen.  R.  s.  10;  Lev.  R.  s.  22.  Y.  Peah  II,  20a  bot.;  a. 
fr.— Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mete.  1, 16  'b  ixxr;  (not  -•-ia"!b),  'b  ---br. 
tf'J  l  weights  of  a  half-pound,  a  third  of  a  pound  &c. — 
Chald. pi.  X>,*^a"5,*r~-"''-  Lev. R.l.c.  W%  7»VW1 . . . xbr;  a 
pigeon  on  one  side  and  two  L.  on  the  other;  Gen.  R.  1.  c. 

—  [Y.  Ned.  VI,  39'1  top  "" J"b,  v.  WCno.] 

Sr*""4*"  *■  (Pieced.)  (by  the) pound.  Y.Ber  11,  o^  bot. 
'b  •"!"  ri~32.  how  much  is  this  (meat)  a  pound? — Pesik. 
R.  8.  23  *tt"n  'b  .  .  •"Piatl  and  a  Jew  boug'ut  it  at  a  denar 
a  pound. 

"b,  v.  m 


v.  X^:. 

S"*  •,  v.  X\ 

X"~,  S"~  m.  (rb)  tail;  '3  -sb=,  v.  n-bx. 

T   T  TT  •  .  '  '  *  1  ~ 

ST"*,  v.  ■m 


w"  ~  m.  (r"b)  rfott^/j.  Sifre  Num.  89  (ref.  to  Tib,  Num. 

xi.  s)  [readOrvoTOs  -•;•-  wa&a  inx  ^anyp^aiB  "pos  rn 

W  nin  'b=  WlrTl  'JWDrTI  cr«?n  this  is  short-hand  writing, 
one  word-sign  serving  for  three  words:  dough,  oil  and 
honey,  like  a  dough  moulded  into  cake  with  oil  &c;  Yalk. 
ib.  735. — ['3""b  Hon,  v.  'i*'?.] 

w      x,  Sw    ,^  ch.  same,  v.  "&$>. 

Sr"'"",  tarn,  v.  xr-b. 

Si/  ^  I  m.  (~?b)  beating  (wine  and  oil)  t«/o  a  mixture. 
Sabb.  134a  'b  T^  it  requires  beating. 

UO^>  II  (=  X3">X  xb)  there  is  not,  none.  Kidd.  21b 
'31  .  .  .  TSnX  X"~3  the  case  requires  that  he  must  say, 
'I  love  my  master  and  my  wife'  (Ex.  XXI,  5),  which  he 
could  not  do  (if  the  master  were  not  permitted  to  give  him 
a  gentile  slave  to  wife  on  account  of  his  being  a  priest) ; 
ib.  22a  'Vl  which  he  cannot  say  (at  the  beginning  of  his 
servitude).  Ib.  4b  T)JD3  'b~  x;^n  where  there  is  no  other 
reply.  Ber.25a,  a.  fr.  WS  VZ^-z'z  'b  xrt":  from  this  nothing 
can  be  proved.  Snh.  97a  ':",  X-'B'p  'b  .  .  .  W'lU  formerly 
I  thought  there  is  no  truth  in  the  world ;  a.  v.  fr. 

TD"V|  Snh.  106a,  v.  "SOX. 

:)"  sr   J,  VI  JlJJ   Jt  v.  sub  ",zi. 

""",  Tosef.  B.  Bath.  I,  4,  read:  bib. 

""",  Targ.  Y.  II  Deut.  XXXII,  10=V^,  v.  xV?". 

J  ?J  *  '"  ."  U1-  (D-  n-)  1)  w^^>  evening:  darkness: 
metaph.  suffering,  misery.  Cant.  R.  to  II,  17  nroba  be  ",Wj 
the  misery  (of  exile)  under  thegovei'nments;  OfURJ  b'i'ib'b 
the  sufferings  in  Egypt;  v.  fflTB.  Y.  Taan.  I,  64a  top,  v. 
-ipz.  Ber.  3a  'bn  TO  nttCKBU  'a  the  night  is  divided  into 
three  watches.  Zeb.  V,  3  '21  'si  CTb  the  same  day  and 
the  night  following  to  midnight.  Snh.  96a  V2S  rn83S 
b  ttttfa  Ms.  M.  (v.  Rabb.  D.  8.  a.l.)  night-work  was  done 
for  him  (the  stars  helping,  v.  Jud.  V,  20);  a.  v.  fr.  —  PI. 
rib"1",  constr.  ",b"1b  (also  used  as  a  sing.:  night-time,  v. next 
\v.).    Ber.  I,  5  'b?  at  night  (in  the  night  prayer).    Taan. 

23a  nirasj  'bm  rrpygn  'bs  (not  rrwi)  in  the  nights  of 

Wednesdays  and  Sabbaths.  Sifra  B'huck.  ch.  I  FOB  'b. 
rOS  'bs  every  Sabbath  night;  Lev.  R.  s.  35  nira©  'bs. 
Pes.  71a  ■J-nnxfi  B"f  'b  the  night  of  the  last  (eighth)  day 
of  the  festival;  Succ.  48a;  a.  fr. — 2)  pr.  n.  Laylah  (ref.  to 
Job  III,  3),  name  of  the  angel  of  night  and  of  conception. 

Snh.  93a.  Nidd.  16b. 
-    ■  •    " 

^/>,Sv  /(  constr.  b'v?  ch.  same.  Targ.  Gen.  I,  5. 
Targ/Ex.  XII,'42;  a.  fr.— Ber.  3b  '3*1  PPC  six  hours  of  the 
night.  Ib.  '21  'b  Ci'iL'3  the  night  moves  &c. ;  v.  r(ra ; — 
PI.  ivb/b,  IjVft,  WynV4,  Xrx^b-b;  constr.  "fyb,  Targ.  Y. 
Ex.  Le.  TaVg.  0.  Deut.  IX,9i;b..  ed.  Berl.  (oth.  ed.  a.  Y. 
■Jib  . . . ).  Targ.  I  Sam.  XXX,  12.  Targ.  Job  II,  13  Xrmb^b 
Ms.  (ed.  ynb-b).  Targ.  II  Esth.  IV,  16 ;  a.  fr.— Gitt.  57*.  B. 
Mets.  86a  Xr-b-b  -rbr,  three  nights ;  a.  fr. — *W}  (v.preced.) 
night-time,ai  night.  Targ.  Y.I  Gen.  VIII,  22.  Targ.  Ps. 
I,  2.  Targ.  Is.  XXXIV,  10;  a.  fr.  — Pes.  2a  (explain.  11X, 
Mish.  I,  1);  a.e.— [Y.  Dem.  VII,  beg.26a  xb-1?  yprrn,  read: 
nb  n-b  "ppmi%  v.  R.  S.  to  Dem.VII,  1.] 

HT;",  v.  b-b. 

^  '  ^  f.  (v.  preced.  wds.)  'b  n-^5  [night-coal,]  name  of 
an  insect  glowing  by  night,  fire-bug.  Pesik.  R.  s.  33;  Yalk. 
Is.  336. 

T  T    T       •• 

?pT5>  "P"1-?,  Sabb.  134a,  v.  "=b. 
*"">,  v.  n^b. 


I  V  '  >,  v.  next  w. 

n""*~  f.  (b.  h.;  r>b)  night-demon,  Lilith.  Targ.  Job 
I,  15  '21  risVo  'b  (h.  text  XOr).— Erub.  1001'  'b=  "WB  nVtiti 
she  (woman)  lets  her  hair  grow  like  L.— Nidd.  24b  ttKH 
'b  (a  fetus)  like  L.  (with  wings).  B.  Bath.  73a  'b  -13  ,'HfTHI 
(Ms.M.  XrX^b,Var.  in  ed.  a.Mss.  KtWbj  6»V4;l«rUlWi,41 
v.  Rabb.D.S.  a.  1.  note),  v.  T^Tiri.  Sabb.  151b  'b  ininx  L. 
will  take  hold  of  him. — PI.  "o"o,  yb'TJ  m.  night-demons. 
Targ.  Y.  Num.  VI,  24.  Targ.  Y.  I  Deut.  XXXII,  24.  Targ. 
Is.  XXXIV,  14.  Targ.  II  Esth.  I,  2 ;  a.  e.— Erub.  18b. 

Si;"""*  ch.  same.  B.  Bath.  73a,  v.  preced.— Gitt.  691' 
'bi  x-r^a  Rashi  (ed.  xnb/'bn,  Ar.  ^bibn),  v.  x-^a  II. 




NET",  v.  wwli. 

riliPjt  "T)S5  m.(b.  b.  133)  teaching,  learning,  stud// 
Cmterch.\v\thlV3br\);1ruining;habit.  Kidd.40b'3PIO  3115 '3 
'31  study  is  more  (than  practice),  for  study  leads  to  practice; 
B.  Kam.  17»;  Meg.  27a  (Ms.  M.  -I133n).  Hor.  13a  DTT3SW 
'3fl  rx  cause  man  to  forget  what  he  has  learned;  ib. ' 
'31  '3  2",,i"  -  brings  back  to  recollection  the  study  of  seventy 
years.  Ex.  B.  s.  43  '3  "p»5  (the  root  hfi  in  Hif.)  means 
to  teflcA.  Ber.  71'  WWaVo  W  ...  riblX  the  ministrations 
(of  the  disciples  to  the  doctors)  of  the  Law  are  more  val- 
uable than  the  direct  teaching  of  it.  Tanh.  Ki  Thetse  1 
'31  VTOSV  £p33  he  seeks  for  the  enjoyments  to  which  he 
has  been  used  and  fails  to  find  them;  a.  fr. — PI.  W^WS, 
T?W\>  "Z~.  Snh.  65b;  Yalk.  Deut.  918  (ex pi.  f/W,  v.  ',1?) 
(who  says)  r'Z^  "pan  ...  iTWiij  it  is  usual  for  the  wheat 
crops  to  be  fine  in  the  ante-Sabbatical  years;  Tosef.  Sabb. 
VII  (VIII),  14;  Sifre  Deut.  171  niB^  nTtlS.  .  .'3  the  ante- 
Sabbatical  years  are  usually  good  (in  crops);  Sifra  K'dosh. 
Par.  3,  ch.  VI  niE^  WrA  . .  .  tftwh. 

D"I"/2^,  1"T|H"3,  'ab  m.  pi.  (-res)  [junction*,] 
\)  mortised  shingles  or  boards  used  as  frames.  Kel.  V,  9 
'~  '-  rVi'51  ....  *rWl  an  oven  which  came  in  parts  from 
the  workshop  and  which  (after  being  put  up)  was  sur- 
rounded with  a  frame.  Ib.  V*IW%  r.K  p30  ed.  Dehr.  (oth. 
ed.  'B")   if  the  frame   was  removed;   Tosef.  ib.  B.  Kam 

IV,  12.  Ib.  VII,  9  '31  '';....  T:n  5TB  ","'  a  chimney-flue 
which  is  lined  with  boards.  Tosef.  Pes.  VII,  1.  M.  Kat. 
II,  2  '31  '*3  1?  itlL'i"  he  makes  a  frame  of  shingles  and 
covers  the  vat  that  the  wine  may  not  get  sour;  a.  e. — 
2)  a  sort  of  common  bread,  'shingles'.    Tosef.  Hall.  I,  7; 

V.  ib.  I,  end,  .r>8a  imBt  '3  rWMDS  if  he  made  the  'dog's 
dough',  into  'shingles',  it  is  exempt  (fioin  Hallab);  Ber. 
38a  '33  ed.;  v.  ^S3. 

"l^*,  rO^V,  Tosef.  Bekh.  V,  9,  prob.  a.  Var.  Lect. 

to  r*rt>,  v.  IJBft. 

"ET*    ]iyb  harbor,  v.  fd>. 

yD'Ot  Tosef.  Dem.  Ill,  12,  v.  X5313. 

SSjU2  v  (Provencal,  corresp.  to  French  limace).v«nj7. 
Gen.  B.  s.  51,  beg.,  a  gloss  to  "^D  i&O,  v.  X^S"3. 

v.  i%1. 


p>,  Y.  Sabb.  II,  5a  '3  .  .  .  '3  "J-Vnt,  re  id:  "P'3=-(;n3. 

srb,  nrb,  v.  *. 

T       ••  T        " 

(  Q  2  f.  (",13 1)  night-rest,  staging  over  night,  lodging. 
Y.  Maasr.  II,  49d  top  rhzrj.  n:\\  '3  taking  a  night-lodging 
(on  the  road  to  Jerusalem)  does  not  make  Tebel  (v.  533 II). 
Ib.  rarOCfc  '3  "2,  fi3  why  should  there  be  a  distinction 
between  a  night-rest  and  a  day-station?  —  lb.  5*5418  D"IN 
'33  one  has  to  put  up  with  a  night's  lodging  (cannot  help 

taking  it  and  is  contented  with  an  improvised  meal)  &e, 
v.  feri*.  Hull.  911'  '3  X33  IBiPn. .p*nX  this  righteous  man 
(Jacob)  has  come  to  my  lodging  place  (Beth  El),  and 
shall  he  be  suffered  to  go  without  the  hospitality  of  a 
night's  rest? — Y.  Sot.  11,18',  a.  fr.  '";3  "P"33E:  become  unfit 
tor  use  by  being  kept  over  night.  Ex.  B.  s.  1 ;  a.  fr. — 
Gen.  R.  s.  60  (ref.  to  "p33,  Gen.  XXIV,  23,  a.  y<33,  ib.25)  '3 
ns-in  pnr3..rnx  lodging  for  one,.. for  many.— Ft. Vctrk. 
Num.  R.  s.  12,  beg.  (ref.  to  'jS'ftW,  Ps.  XC,  1 )  ro-.n  '3  3^  "}5* 
where  he  (Moses)  lodged  many  nights  (Ex.  XXXIV,  28). 
Lev.  R.  s.  20;  a.  fr. 

S^^,  n^2">  f.  (linea)Zme;  string.  Tanh.  B'midb., 
ed.Bub.,  23  '31  SB  "fix  '*3  one  string  of  fine  pearls ;  (Tanh. 
ib.  20  mnx  fi-nnb;  ed.  Const.  HISS,  ed.  Ven.  MIS,  corr. 
ace);  Yalk.  Is.  316  KW5  (corr.  ace. ;  Num.  B.  s.  4,  beg. 
O-asjnS).  Cant.  E.  to  I,  10  ^3133;  Yalk.  ib.  983  D^r'rr. 
SWISS,  read :  DW5S,  v.  nh. 

D'^b,  v.  preced. 

J1DD*0,  Yalk.  Gen.  127,  v.  TO1*?. 

SI2Dnb,  nS^D1^  m.  ch.  =  0%^3,  robber.  B.  Mets. 
84a,  v.Txn^C^3.  Yob.  B.  to  VII,  26  [read:]  K^Wi  K1fifi3 
'31  r(pni  '3  pB3  that  night  the  robber  (with  his  band) 
marched  out,  but  the  guard  was  close  behind  them.  Esth. 
B.  to  I,  12  '31  '3T  -,n  (not  nX3Di3l),  v.  'jn.  Lev.  B.  s.  30 
KB©^  Xinn  TSrtW;  Yalk.  ib.  651  '31  '3  JOW1  SBrTW  that 
robber  was  captured.  Snh.  106b  (in  a  gentile  record  con- 
cerning Balaam)  '3  C)"i3E  ...  13  when  Phineas,  the  robber, 
slew  him;  a.  e.  —  Pl.  ^33'v:,  "p3p"13,  "WEO"^,  '33.  Targ. 
Job  IV,  11  (Ms.  K*OB  . .  .).  Targ.  Jud.V,  11.— Pesik.Shub., 
p.  1651'  (synon.  with  niD^S).  Gen.  B.  s.  60;  Y.  Shek.  V. 
48d  top;  a.  fr. 

ril^DD1^,  v.  preced. 

Ti?!t2p"l^f.  (denom.  of  ©TO!/*)  robber's  life,  lawless- 
ness. Kidd.  30b  '3  113*33 ...  l^Jt'i'  ";3  whosoever  does  not 
teach  him  (his  son)  a  trade,  trains  him  for  robbery;  a. 
e.—Pl.  rvi'ap'V:.  Yeb.  25b  '3  l"3  MM  he  was  arrested  on 
account  of  robberies  (that  had  been  committed).  Snh. 
46b  '3*3  K2"1  turned  to  lawlessness;  (Ms.  M.  N,3p",,33  = 

]tt*PnPftvTTOT6nb|  read:  n^*. 

Sn^'^D^b,  'pb  ch.  =  preced.  art.  B.  Mets.  84a  (ap- 
plied "to  BeshLak'ish)  rn  hWBIJ^  nX333  (Ms.  P. 
nx-D33)  the  (former)  robber  understands  his  handicraft 
(knows  the  nature  of  deadly  weapons). 

D^p^b,  DtSD^b,  'Ob  (frequ.  incorr.  WO . .)  m. 
(X-g9Tl)0  1)  robber,  pirate,  freebooter,  in  gen.  rover.  Targ. 
Y.  Gen.  XXI,  13.— B.  Kam.  57a,  a.  fr.  yiT3  '3,  v.  ",17;  B. 
Mets.  43a;  58a  T'JCb  (corr.  ace).  Y.  Ber.  IX,  13b  top.;  a. 
fr.— PI.  tnv&b,  T&Ofo,  'db.  Gen.  B.  s.  64  (v.  -na  II)  'OSSTB 
'31  'b  rovers  had  come  to  his  house  and  revelled  with 
him  the  whole  night.  Sabb.  10a;  Pes.  12b  'b  33X3  the 
meal-time  of  the  lawless  (prize-fighters  &c,  cmp.  O^s); 




a.  v.  fir.— Ch.  forms:  V-Jt?"'",  X~;V=">  (v.  fWaW*),  ','Z~-Z-'-. 
Targ.  Job  V,  5. — 2)  pr.  n.  m.  Lestes  (cm p.  Roman  name 
Latro).  Cant.  R.  to  IV,  12;  Lev.  R.  s.  32  '3  q»rf>  *Vl  nor 
did  they  change  Joseph  into  Lestes. 

"|*~""UCn*  m.  (Xr(  jTYjoiov)  robbers'  retreat,  den.  Cant. 
B.  to  VI.  4'=-  *pn  '3  . .  ..mopn  '3  na  (not  'EEC^)  since 
the  Lord  has  broken  up  the  strong  den  (Egypt's  idols), 
how  much  the  more  will  lie  break  up  the  weak  one  (the 
golden  calf)! 

"ISSD^b,  Koh.  R.  to  XI,  2,  v.  lOtJ  II. 

tnticrb,  jnacrb,  v.  $•**&*«. 

S~C"~,  v.  KBD3. 

T     :  *  *  * 

••  j.  Kni>  ^,  v.  wo. 

*r,w"~  f;  C~3)  WW*.  Tanh.  Emor  24  r«xrj  '3  (do) 
good  work,  v.  "":. 

~^""~  pr.n.  m.  (abbrev.  of  -.TS'TJX)  Liezer.  Y.  Sot.  Ill, 
19a  top  '3  "1  DVQ  (prob.  R.  El.  b.  Hyrcanos).  lb.  r"~-Z 
-•rb  '-.  rx  ribs-  (corr.  ace;  Yoma  66b..rrcon  rrrx  nbx'^ 
-;r-3X  *1 ).— Y.  Bets.  I,  60c  hot.,  v.  Fr.  M'bo,  p.  1111'. 

T"  v-  "-• 

Tl£"~,  v.  --r-*3. 

Sr*^""  m.(zz'-)coupling,  joining.  Targ.Y.Ex. XXVI, 
4 ;  a.  e..  v."  *Vb. — B.  Bath.  4a  bot.  5^n  FWa  '3  (Ms.  R. 
St""':)  the  joining  (to  the  hedge)  would  be  recognized, 
v.  V'3.— PI.  MWirb.  Targ.  I  Chr.  XXII,  3  (ed.  Lag.  NMrfb, 
Var.  ed.  Rahm.  "::  . 


v.  ■"•--. 

C£*~,  C£*~  f.  (Xot-a;=reliqua)re>Haiwfer,  arrears, 
esp.  delinquent  taxes.  Ex.R.  s.  15  '=1  '13  n:*S  he  remits  the 
arrears  of  taxes,  destroys  the  rolls  and  leads  forth  &c. 
v.yP53.  Lev.  R.s.  11-3-";'-;  rz~r  tvrtW  W*ra  a  province 
that  owed  arrears  to  the  king;  Esth.  R.  introd.;  Koh. 
R.  to  IX,  7  fWfi  (pi);  Ruth  R.  introd.,  to  1, 2  ^D£-3  (corr. 
ace);  Tanh.  Emor  22;  Pesik.Ul'kah.,  p.  182]\— PI.  "Zf--. 
v.  supra. 

sr^"*,  &<rrrz"",  "ir^*",  wfief^,  v.  sub  '—;. 

t:.  t  :      •      I  t   :  t   t   :      • 

■"",  v.-r'-. 

UV|  ;*>  pr.  n.  pi.  Litsuy,  prob.  a  suburb  of  Je- 
rusalem. B.  Bath.  75b  nfora  *4  qpx  (earlier  ed.  ittVl  r*;x) 
a  thousand  times  the  area  of  L.  containing  country  seats; 
Yalk.  Zech.  568.  [Comment,  takes  ""IS"":  as  numerals  = 
143);  v.  rs-j. 

"jlT1",  /"1.>,  "p£~  m.  (y&)  (irreverent)  talker,  scoffer, 
jester.  Midr.  Till/to  Ps.  I,  1  "«£  rT*l«  pOB  (ed.  Bub.  '"3) 
this  proves  that  the  serpent  was  an  irreverent  talker. — 

PL  aria**,  T?*^  ':»'"•  Y- Ber-  Ir> 4b  bot-  '5 12  T*W  "rn  T* 

there  is  no  generation  without  scorners.  Ex.  R.s.  52  "li"" 
;X— -"  the  scoffers  among  the  Israelites;  Yalk.  ib.  417  '; 
-n-n.  Ab.  Zar.  19a;  a.  e.— V.  f3. 

"IIT",  S«HT  eh.  same.  Y.  Ber.  II,5C  bot.— PLr-*'', 

».T        ••'  T     T        "  ,  I     .    T     •• 

".::»"".  Y.  Snh.  VI,  23"  bot.  '3  nr"o  a  troop  of  irreligious 
people;  Yalk.  Ps.  688  '31  WO  X"in.  Pes.  112b  '=1  tfi  'Vi 
(Ms.  M.  "-:*: '':  "V9W1)  for  they  are  scoffers,  and  may  draw 
thee  into  scoffing  habits. 

HlJaii.  >  f.  (preced.)  scoffing  habits,  sneering,  irony.  Y. 
Ber.  II,  5C  bot.  '=1  nnVTOBS  'stl  XT,  r>^p  (not  rYPiX^n) 
scoffing  is  a  serious  thing,  for  its  beginning  brings  suffer- 
ing, and  its  end  destruction.  Cant.  R.  to  I,  3  '3  *1"0*l  friv- 
olous speech,  v.  Cpnt.  Ib.  '3  3TC  "Q1  .  .  .  D333  EX  when  a 
word  of  the  Law  (a  religious  thought)  enters  the  heart,  a 
word  of  scoffing  is  removed  &c.  Num.  R.  s.  7 ;  a.  e. 

fcC-lDIS""  ch.  same.  Targ.  Koh.  II,  2.  Ib.  VII,  4.— 
Meg.  2bh;  Snh.631'  X"5"l  '3S  "G  . .  '3  32  all  sneering  is  for- 
bidden except  the  ridiculing  of  idols  (by  perverting  their 
names). — Ab.  Zar.  44a  (phonetic  etymol.  of  ns5&8,  II  Chr. 
XV,  16)  '3T3  MTftna  ttttl  for  it  (the  worship  of  that  idol) 
carried  lasciviousness  to  an  extreme.   Pes.  112b,  v.  XJS""- 

n*|>m",  'p"  m.  (n-3)  purchase.  Tosef.  Bekh.  VII,  5 
';  "nVX  what  purchase  is  this  (that  exempts  from  tithes)? 

—Bekh.  56a  nrr^E",  '";3  irx '32  ps  -p:a  n  -  (Tosaf. 

•:"X  "pa  n"D)  as  thy  children  are  not  obtained  by  purchase 
or  donation,  so  are  thy  sheep... not  subject  to  tithes  in 
the  case  of  being  obtained  by  purchase  or  donation.  Ib. 
*"2T  ~C'r~  rr  zr,  'bn  purchase  takes  effect  (exempts  from 
tithes)  on  that  which  is  not  yet  subject  to  tithes  because 
of  lacking  the  required  age;  a.  e. — Pl.U^rSpt?,  TT/lp"1",  'p; 
esp.  conducting  a  wife  home,  legal  marriage,  connubium 
(v.  Deut.  XXII,  13,  a.  e.).  Sot.  12a  (ref.  to  Ex.  II,  1)  hWWS 
'";  nrr^  n*3  he  (in  taking  her  back)  went  through  the 
regular  ceremony  of  conducting  a  wife  home;  B.  Bath. 
120a,  Ex.  R.  s.  1  (v.  yr-QX).  Kidd.  22a  (ref.  tor.np3\  Deut. 
XXI,  11)  r,z  -3  an  '5  thy  connection  with  her  is  a  legal 
marriage.  Ib.501":*  '"SX'3  he  dare  not  consummate  mar- 
riage (no  connubium  can  take  place)  even  with  one  of 
the  two  (sisters  whom  he  betrothed  to  himself  at  the 
same  time). 

Ijlp" >  m.  (^)  collection— Esp.  r'ZZV  ''-,  or  "Wpr* 
the  gathering  of  bones,  i.  e.  the  transfer  of  a  body  from 
the  provisional  cave  to  a  permanent  burial  place,  at  which 
certain  mourning  ceremonies  are  to  be  observed  by  the 
nearest  relatives;  v.  ::£3.  Y.  Pes.  VIII,  361'  top;  Y.  M. 
Kat.  I,  80d  top  'r  ';  DTOO  "-  ","X  . .  -n25on  he  who  trans- 
fers a  coffin  from  one  burial  place  to  another  need  not 
observe  the  ceremonies  connected  with  the  transfer  of 
bones.  Ib.  'zVs  '*3  UTTK  what  is  'bone-collection'  in  a  ritual 
sense?  Carrying  a  skeleton  Wrapped  &e,  v.  ys-pSX:  a. 
fr.— PI.  ysyyV-  Y-  Pean  Iv»  end> 18C  ''"3  •■-'"?  the  scholars 
have  adopted  the  lighter  (less  stringent)  practice  with 
reference  to  the  collections  (by  the  poor,  v.  ---). — "V'T5"" 
nl^Sr,  v.  supra. 







)  v.  CJ3 

"£"*]  in.  (b.h.)  lion.  Snli.  !ub  bot.(  X, 
30)  srnxs  Vwtfi .  . .  x*3  ■'xrra  of  him  (Sennaherib)  be  not 
afraid,  but  be  afraid  of  Nebucadnezzar  who  is  compared 
tO  B  lion  (Jer.  IV,  7).  lb  95a  '3  X3H  1-ftt  Dm  *&  *8  how 
can  you  draw  an  analogy  between  these  two  passages?; 
there  ( Is.  1.  c.)  layish  is  nsed,  while  here  it  is  dri\ — 
lb.  '21  ....  mWB  ITOtD  the  lion  goes  by  six  appellations 
&c.,v.  X"33;  Ah.  d'R.;  ib  II  Vers.  ch.XLIll ; 
Yalk.  Prov.  959,  v.  £13;  a.  e. 

"CO  II  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  pi.  1)  Laish,  the  northern  limit 
of  Palestine,  called  Dan.  Tanh.  Ki  Thissa  14  (ref.  to  Jnd. 
Will,  27)  CX^E  IT  's  L.  is  Paneas;  ib.  R'eh  16;  a.  e.— 
2)  Laish,  or  (Laishah),  prob.  between  Anathoth  and 
Gallim.   Snh.  941',  v.  pieced. 

w"0  III  dough,  v.  tiv£. 

t'),  Wftl'b,  2^,  S^"b  ch.  same.  Targ.  0. 
Ex.  XII,  39  «4  (Ms.  I  **S;  Y.  KttH?)!  Targ.  Y.  ib.  XVI,  2. 
Targ.  Jer.  VII,  18  **fc  ed.  Lag.;  a.e.— Y.  Pes.  Ill,  beg.  29d 
u;i?n  ^Vl&Va  crumbs  of  dough.  Ab.  Zar.  761'  top,  v.  KBVtt. 
B.  Kam.  18"  KW^Va  (not  nCstl),  v.  Ml.- Y.  Hag.  Ill,  beg. 
78a  [read:]  By«3  ^frOS  as  if  (they  drove  nails)  into 
dough.  —  PL  mj«qrh.  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XII,  34  ■jfrpqS'ft  (0.  ed. 
Berl.  "firr&k,  Bxt.  •jfrrnti'fc). 

ITC  J  f.  (tin's)  kneading.  Pes.  451'  '3  bTpO  that  part 
of  the  vessel  where  the  kneading  is  done  (the  interior). 
Y.  Sabb.  VII,  101'  hot.  Bnti1^  3S  for  kneading  it.  Y.  Snh. 
X,  29*  top  in&b  the  kneading  of  the  show-bread ;  a.  fr. — 
[B.  Kam.  18a,  v.  R8T&.3 

TTSlfrh,  v.  nstib. 

S^- btift),  tt$ffi%  v.  sub  4$, 

"|  w*  *,  WCO,  w  3  m.  ob.=»h.  *,rr';,  tongue; language; 
expression ;  meaning;  version.  Targ.  0.  Ex.  IV,  10.  Targ. 
Y.  II  Gen.  XXXI,  11  WBVip  )€'  sacred  tongue  (Hebrew); 
Targ.  Y.  ib.  47  tWIlp  tTQ  "jti^b;  ib.  XLV,  12;  a.  fr.— Lev. 
K.  s.  33  'si  x:x  -m  's  "»s  pi  nx  . . . .  x:x  *13  when  I  told 
thee  to  buy  me  the  best  thing  in  the  market,  thou 
boughtest  a  tongue,  and  when  I  told  thee  to  buy  me 
the  worst,  thou  boughtest  a  tongue? — Hull.  142a  'TJ  '? 
'21  he  saw  the  tongue  of  R.  H.  lying  on  the  dunghill. — 
B.  Kam.6b  Xsi'sp  '3  (hob  for  hayab,  v.  Mnli.)  is  the  easier 
form  (of  the  Jerusalem  dialect). — Xn"~-  '"  refined  ex- 
pression, euphemism.  Ber.  II1';  a.  fr. — Ib.  28a  X"om  's 
Xin  has  the  meaning  of  breaking.  Hull.  3lj  mEX*i '~  ~n; 
'31  according  to  this,  thy  interpretation  that  &c.  fcsabb. 
154'  (in  an  editorial  gloss)  X"tr3  '?s  according  to  the  latter 
version  (ni3X  for  mns);  a.  v.  fr. — 80TIK  MW&  (abbrev. 
X"3)  another  version  (reads),    lb.  104a;  a.  fr.— fflTQ  "JBT^, 

NtCa  WWS""!!!  "~!"i  V-3  evil  gossip,  calumny,  dvnnnci- 
alion  ;  also  "XrV-ri  '5  the  talk  about  third  (absent)  persons. 
Targ.Y.  Lev.  XIX,  16;  a.  e—  Arakh.  151'  'WVknVap.'n's 
Ar.  (ed.yUL's,  corr.  ace.)  the  talk  about  third  persons  kills 
three  persons.  Ib.  '3  's  DHL'S  M3  tv£  . . .  Xns"3  S3  what- 
ever evil  is  spoken  in  the  presence  of  the  person  con- 
cerned is  not  to  be  called  evil  gossip;  '3  'si  XE3TI  ]:'i  32 
so  much  the  worse,  it  is  impudence  and  calumny.  Ib.  16' 
'3  'S  611BB  tt3  P.'1;  BtTtsM  .  .  .  Wrfe*^  S3  whatever  has  been 
said  in  the  presence  of  three  is  not  gossip  (if  repeated 
by  one  of  those  present);  a.  fr.— &.y*VS!fi,  WS&b,  "':'?'• 
Targ.  Estli.  11,22.  Targ.IIEsth.1,2;  a.e.— Men.  6,Vl,v.b"3. 
— Keth.91a  '31  ^SQti^s  "Hn  "pPl  those  first  two  versions;  a.e. 

*■  t    :  i 

J^lTO  f.,  pi.  Knti/s  =  «ti/i>.  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XII,  17. 
Targ.O.'ib.  34  ed.  Bxt. 

TT^  5|  7P 3f  SP*  3  I  (=i"PX  xb)  Mere  is  (u-as)  not,  none. 
Targ.  0. Gen. II.  5  rV$  (some£;Y.rV*£).  Ib.XLVII,  13 
ms.— Targ.  Prov.  XXV,  14  r^XS.  Targ.  Ps.  XXXVIII,  4;  a. 
fr. — B.  Mets.  4a  '31  's  rTlss...  r.^X  ni3"33  the  creditor  has 
witnesses,  the  debtor  has  none.  Ib.  5a  'Tib  KWVl  TOS  Wltifl 
8tm  now,  likewise,  when  R.  Hiya's  opinion  is  not  adopt- 
ed, lb.  rT*s  rrt>  ....  rtTia  he  does  not  hold  the  opinion 
that  the  admission  of  the  defendent  must  be  of  the  nature 
of  the  claim;   a.  v.  fr.  — With  suffix:   BOrKs  I  (am)  not; 

T^"1?.  "v"1?.  '"'':  ,ll0U  (art)  not  5  "'^"'sj  '?'?  he  (is)  not  (no 
more)  &c.  Targ.Y.  I  Deut.  XXXII,  1.  Targ.  Gen.  XLIII,  5. 
Ib.  0.  XLII,  13.  lb.  XXXIX,  9  (Y.  rTTH?)  there  is  none. 
Ib.  XXXI,  2;  5  'JWKs  ed.  Berl.  (ed.  "jiaPI^,  "psr^;).  Targ. 
Ps.  LIX,  14  fVTrb  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  Wil.  jVVfb).  Targ.Esth. 
Ill,  8  *,inn^ ;  a.  fr.— Sliebu.  48a  mvb  ^X  WW*  . .  .PT^X  "'X 
nn^s  if  the  opinion  of  ....  is  to  be  adopted,  it  must  be 
applied  in  each  case;  if  rejected,  in  neither.  Keth.  22;| 
^nin"1;  *im  and  one  (of  us  judges)  is  no  more.  Shebn.  141' 
'31  ;33  Itlirisn  (not  "l!l  .  .  .  .)  which  do  not  occur  in  the 
Torah,  opp.  TrTSTWlj  a.  fr. 

Xin"'5  II,  ^^15  m-  cb.=h.ti^  I.  Targ.  Gen.  XLIX,  9 
(h.texTtx'i3S).  Targ. Num. XXIII,  24.  Targ.  Job XXVIII, 8 
(h.  text  Sirft).   Targ.  Ez.  XIX,  2  (h.  text  X*5s);  a.  e. 

:|  ..>  t*^^  imperat.  of  T^r};  v.  also  "2~. 
"V>,  HD5  unto  thee,  v.  -■: ;  v.  Wl. 

iS»  >(~3*-;cmp.  Arab.  ^a/r/cr/,Lat.]acca)j(eice  of  a  plant, 
used  for  dyeing.  Pes.  42b  'ss  !"P3  ^3"T  Ms.  M.  margin 
(ed.  X33  1H3  "1"3^'7)  (bran- water)  which  they  use  as  a 
priming  for  lacca.  Hull.  28a  'V;  ....  ^"Spl  its  blood  is 
used  to  be  mixed  with  lacca. 

fcO*  (v.  X2)  here.   Targ.  11  Estk.  I,  9. 

nniSD5,  v.  nn-ixl. 

D™  (b.  h.)  to  seize,  conquer.  Yalk.  Ex.  168. 
Nif.  is;?  to  be  caught,  seized.  Ib.  TOTl  rrtt^J  the  city 
was  taken.  Ex.  R.  s.  30  '31  ir:pi3  '3  ^13331  and  finally  in 
his  old  age  he  was  caught  (in  the  tempter's  net),  and  began 
to  be  afraid  &c.  Pesik.  R.  s.  31  TaWl  TVa^X  when  will 
she  (Jerusalem)  be  taken?;  a.  e. 




v05  ch.  1 )  same,  to  seize.  Targ. Prov.  XXVI,  1 7.— *2)  to 

contain.  Targ.  II  Esth.  I,  8  Toi  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  Amst.  T.«). 

7f/^;e.  "c'-rx  to  fee  seized,  caught  Targ.  Koh.  VII,  26. 

|TD5,  v.-;  a.  "*-. 

"Dl D5,  v.  eas. 

"j"^,  Snh.  1061,  v.  -r-X. 

0  J>  m.  (prob.  a  corrupt,  of  keoxtaxo;)  //<e  ?c/«7e 
wuCrf.  Y.  B.  Mets.  II,  beg.  81',  contrad.  to  p-r\— [Gen.  It. 
s.  7  '";  "irx-  — r-  "ins  Var.  in  Ar.  s.  v.  fnfiDS.] 

XD"C~  cli.  same.  Y.  Kil.  I,  27a  bot.,  contrad.  to  Kprft 

•pb,  v.  -z. 

:|P<  (cmp.  "'"-'•)  to  mix  thoroughly,  to  heat  oil  and 
wine  (corresp.  to  h.  3"J).  Sabb.  134a  ^ft^  x's  Ms.  M.  (ed. 
~""1'~,  v.Rabb.D.S.a.l.note)  let  him  not  mix  it  thoroughly 
by  beating. 

■nxbr:,!:^,  v.-^=s. 

~2Z>,  Pesik.  B'shall.  p.  92b  y'saSrm,  v.  ifck. 

rpvj*,  2"~  in.  ("'"='-)  l)(=rjisri?)  making  palat- 
able by  moistening,  as  dipping  into  vinegar  &c.  Y.  Ber. 
VIII,  12a  bot.  npt!}3  'b  13  UPttJ  ian  S3  any  food  which  is 
likely  to  be  moistened  with  a  liquid.  Ruth  R.  to  II,  14 
(ref.  to  '31  niaai  ib.)  D^'i'So  's  n;  this  is  symbolical  of 
the  seasoning  of  (Solomon's)  deeds,  i.  e.  of  his  amending 
his  deeds,  v.  "s-s. —  [Pesik.  Eth.  Korb.,  p.  58a,  a.  e.,  v. 
"tftofi. ■•] — 2)  soiling,  staining.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  XXIII; 
Yalk..  Deut.  808  (play  on  "pas  Deut.  II,  7)  Tpsfssb  -3is"n 
'31  thy  travels,  thy  getting  soiled  and  thy  pains  about 
thy  support.— Pi.  fwie ),  *3"4.  Mikv.  IX,  4  ;  Tosef.  ib.  VI, 
17  nx*S  ^C^Vcs  the  (moist)  stains  of  excrements,  lb.  9 
rVPHB  '-  ed.  Zuck.  (ed.  c;i3S,  corr.  ace.)  stains  of  fruit- 
juice.  Ib.  18  D"caCJ  D^TBO  's  the  muddy  sediments  in 
the  cup. 

Ii  J"i>«j>,  J  ^  f.  same,l)  glutinous  moisture,  humors: 
vitality.  Gen.  R.  s.  61  beg.;  ib.  s.  48  Ar.,  v.  rfTfktfs.  Ib. 
s.  79  '=1  '"'•  *|3  X"3r  Ar.  (read:  '*;  333  X"3r)  thou  shalt 
go  to  the  grave  in  the  fulness  of  vigor;  (ed.  ns  X*",  v. 
";). — 2)  thick  nauseating  substance.  Lev.  R.  s.  14  n£"3 
3  bo  (of  the  semen  virile).   Ned.  661',  v.  W\ 

:|3jD!j|  J  >  (cmp.  "-'-)  1)  (=nsps)  fo  moisten;  to 
season  by  dipping  into  vinegar  fro.  Ruth  R.  to  II,  14  (v. 
r^sab)DWlD"nB»W3"j^»na  VnWO'bSS  he(Manasseh)  amend- 
ed his  conduct  as  if  with  vinegar  (freeing  it)  from  bad 
deeds.— Part.  pass."33l33,  f.rzzz&v'Z'Z'uzz  j  r'z'zz^zz. 
Y.  Hag.  Ill,  78l1  npajaa  'S3  dipped  in  liquid,  contrad.  to 
nptm  K*8,  opp.  to  3'55.  Y.  Sabb.  XII,  16,J  top  '33  3X 
•Tpttjaa  if  the  cane  is  saturated  with  oil.  Ker.  13a  ME*- 
'31  t"  '33  the  drop  with  which  the  nipple  is  moistened; 
a.  e.— 2)  to  soil,  stain ;  to  defile.  Midr.  Prov.  to  XI,  22 ;  Yalk. 

Prov.  944  (ref.  to  Prov.  1.  c.)  3"33  "='"Vr  ^"^  ....  3X  if 
thou  pattest  a  golden  ornament  on  the  nose  of  a  swine,  it 
will  soil  it  with  mud  &c. ;  T"iir  rx  "'"—3  . .  ,n"n  ~z  so  does 
a  scholar  .  .  .  soil  his  learning;  (Midr.  Prov.  I.e.  sp3p3). — 
Part.  pass,  as  ab.  Yoma  771'  '31  r.1333133  T*P  TTl  Ms.  M.  2 
(v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  100)  if  his  hands  are  soiled  &c. 
Gen.  R.  s.  65  'S3  3^533  IttJOffla  VMh  I  used  to  attend 
him  in  soiled  (working)  garments.  Ex.  R.  s.  22,  end  (ref. 
to  Job  XVI,  17)  '31  stta  *ya  t*VW  ^3  he  whose  hands  are 
soiled  with  robbery,  will  call  ....  but  not  be  answered. 
Ib.  s».  27,  end  r*T3"3  'S3  soiled  with  sins.  Lev.  R.  s.  1, 
v.  x^-rpsox;  a.  fr. 

Hithpci.  ~s3;rr;,  Nithpa.  T\}z':rz  l)  to  be  moistened, 
flavored.  Pesik.  B'shall.,  p.  92,,'311",n73S3;r.3(not-,"'S3br3) 
they  were  perfumed  with  the  moisture  of  the  herbs  &c; 
v.  rrc"?;  Yalk.  Deut.  850.— 2)  to  be  soiled.  Y.  B.  Kam.  Ill, 
:ic  1">33  ^'-3-r:  (not  ISSsara;  Bab.  ib.  30a  1E:33)  if  his 
garments  wei  e  soiled.  Gen.  R.  s.  65  rYtT93  ~""337V2  defiles 
himself  with  s'ns.  Ex.  R.  s.  23  ;  Cant.  R.  to  I,  5  FZ-z'-rz, 
v.  033.  Esth.  R.  to  II,  7  rlX3i33  "*p£airo  I  became  soiled 
with  impurity ;  a.  e. 

:|~J>ch.  same,  1)  to  moisten,  saturate.  Part.  pass. 
-sr';3.'  Y.  Meg.  Ill,  74:i  bot.  xn""Txa  tya  saturated  with 
knowledge.— 2)  to  soil.  Y.  Ab.  Zar.V,  45atop  (expl.  rap-' 
V"  sediment,  Mish.  ib.  10)  "i::::!  XTina  it  means  that 
remnant  of  wine  which  soils  (is  thick,  with  ref.  to  !"i3p", 
Hos.  VI,  8). 

"|D^,  v.  "3  I  h.  a.  ch. 

"(1 3D",  Y.  Kil.  I,  27a  bot ,  v.  "p=Vc"~ '■ 

"|CD3,  v.  ".oris. 

wj"  m.  the  woolly  substance  of  cedar  twigs,  used  for 
wicks'  Sabb   II,  1  (Ar.  dVs),  v.  "fct^n  a.  VOfkf. 

SPD>  f.  (~;nj  going,  thrusting  forward,  x:r^2l  **> 
thrusting  forward  and  pulling  home,  a  bolt  or  pin  attached 
to  a  cord  for  fastening  the  panniers,  barrels  &c.  which 
hang  down  on  each  side  of  the  beast  of  burden.  Sabb. 
102a  '31  'sb  it  applies  to  thrusting  a  bolt  which  you  can 
pull  hack  by  the  cord  in  your  hand;  [Rashi  reads:  X3p3 
rope.]  —lb.  1541'  'S3  :"X  (Ar.  some  ed.  xrX3^33  pi.)  or 
when  the  burdens  are  fastened  with  a  bolt  (which  you 
can  pull  out  without  touching  the  animal). 

SE*  I  wherefore f ;  v.  xr. 

SI2>  II,  #12  J  (=X3  X:) naught,  vanity.  Targ.  I  Sam. 
XII,  21.'  Targ.  Is'.  II,  22;' a.  e.— V.  tvA^ 

Xm>J-)Z12b,  v.  x^:-3b.       . 

T •     :   -     ;    -  t-  :  t  : 

""/G>  the  letter  Lammed.  Y.  Sabb.  VII,  91'  bot.  Y. 
Meg.  I,  71c  bot.,  v.  n3«3nx.  Y.  Yeb.  I,  3a  -piSS  ia*1  3= 
'31 's  a  noun  which  would  require  the  prefix  Lammed  {to) 
and  has  it  not,  is  given  a  He  as  suffix;  Gen.R.  s.  86 ;  a.  fr. 





"1C*  I,  "IE>  (b.h.)  1)  to  ^  joined,  affixed  to,  v.  P?'.— 
2)  to  acfitstoni,  train.  Part.  pass,  niob,  f.nnsab;  pi.  fi'HMsb, 
■pnwobj  nvwob.  Y.  Ter.  lV,42d  'b  Kinir  rvras  according 
to  what  he  is  used  to.  Lev.  R.  s.  4  '21  h"ttO  'b  WW  she 
is  not  used  (to  handle  T'runiah)  from  her  father's  house. 
Dem.  IV,  4  '21  'b  ...  .  DN1  but  if  a  priest  or  the  poor 
are  habitual  guests  at  his  table.  Sifra  K'dosh.  Par.  3,  ch. 
Vr,  v.  IWb;  a.  fr.— 3)  to  learn,  study.  Ab.  II,  5  ]XF*Sh  xb 
'21  lob  he  who  is  bashful  will  not  learn,  nor  can  the  hot- 
tempered  teach,  v.  'jC^Z.  lb.  IV,  1  Bnx  b30  naibh  he  who 
learns  from  everybody.  lb.  20  "ib"1  'bn  he  who  studies  at 
an  early  age;  "jpT  'bn  who  begins  to  study  at  an  advanced 

age.    lb.  I.  9  *£ttfc  tltfel N,:c  lest  turough  thein 

(your  intricate  cross-examinations)  they  may  be  led  to 
tell  a  lie.  Taan.7a;  Macc.lOa'21  'Vpv\  nann  I  have  learned 
much  from  my  teachers,  more  from  my  colleagues,  and 
most  from  my  pupils;  a.  v.  fr. — B.  Mets.  71a,  a.  fr.  &tn 
[Mob  here  you  learn,  i.  e.  this  proves.  [Targ.  Esth.  I,  1 
nab  nnX"(N23  from  this  you  will  learn.] 

Pi. is;, TS'v:  l)tojoin;  to  arrange.  Sabb.  l25bEl*iabl  lid 
go  out  and  place  them  (the  building  stones)  in  order  (for 
sitting  thereon  the  next  day). — V.  B^TWPb. — 2)  to  train, 
accustom.  Hor.  lSb  '31  VBBtS  Bnx  nab^  man  should  train 
his  body  (to  relieve  his  bowels)  earljT  in  the  morning  &c. 
Nidd.  66b  '21  -pn3  mx  "JO?**  Bbisb  man  should  make  it  a 
rule  in  his  house;  a.  it.  — Part.  pass.  nalba,  f.  nnaiba; 
pi.  a'na-lba,  fWlbo;  nttlM^  trained,  experienced.  Snh. 
109atop  (in  Chald.  diet.)  Klh  "pB^a  'ban  for  he  has  ex- 
perience in  miracles.  Taan.  25a.  Succ.  29a  ni2a2  'baiy  ^SO 
•,n  (not  ■JrTTfBOa;  Ms.  M.  "pb^aniB)  because  they  (the  Jews) 
have  experience  in  afflictions;  a.  e. — 3)  to  teach,  instruct; 
to  argue.  Keth.  50a  Rnjjiboi  . .  .  naibh  he  who  studies  the 
Law  and  teaches  it.  Pes.  112a  FHVl  "ana;  teach  me  the 
Law ;  rpaba  'WW  1  will  not  teach  thee.  lb.  . .  nsbja  hOKffia 
'21  "!"i~ab  .  .  when  thou  teachest  thy  son,  teach  him  from 
a  revised  (correct)  copy.  Snh.  19b  '31  '">b  niral  nb">  *pnx 
Aaron  begot  (his  sons),  but  Moses  taught  them,  therefore 
they  are  recorded  under  his  name;  a.  v.  fr. — mpa^n  TSlbo 
primary  teacher.  lb.  17b.  B.Bath.  21a  'n  "naba  teachers. 
— bs  riDT  'b  to  argue  in  favor  of,  to  plead  for;  nam  'b 
to  plead  against.  Sabb.  32a  nabs  nnxi . . .  B"naba  . . .  "Wl 
bljp3  ni2T  l^b?  and  even  if  nine  hundred. .  .plead  against 
him,  and  one  (good  deed)  for  bim,  he  will  be  saved;  a. 
v.  fr.  —  Esp.  (in  textual  interpret.)  to  lead,  hint,  throw 
light  on.  Sifra  Emor  Par.  4,  ch.  IV  .  .  .  amin  nalK  Trm 
'21  SWIM  br  '"bl  n^Dir  83 1  might  have  thoughtfos/iafc  (Lev. 
XXII,  10)  meant  one  hired  for  a  limited  period;  there- 
fore sakhir  (ibid.)  comes  in  to  throw  light  on  toshab  that 
it  means  one  bought  for  life;  Kidd.  4a;  Yeb.  70a.  —  Sifra 
introd.  nabb  bbrn  ]>a  KS">  is  specified  for  the  sake  of  il- 
lustration, v.  bbs.  Meil.  llb,  "pnoba  "p*<  •  •  •  B"3in2  **;w 
two  verses  which  coincide  (teach  the  same),prove  nothing, 
cannot  serve  as  an  illustration  for  similar  cases;  a.  fr. 

Hithpa.  nabrn  to  practice.  Gitt.  24l};  Zeb.  2b  B^ifctJa 
'21  nsbnnb  O^llL'Sn  it  treats  of  scribes  who  are  in  the 
habit  of  writing  documents  merely  for  practice.  Gitt. 
60a  m  'brnb  .  .  3T2b  to  write  one  portion  of  the  Penta- 
teuch for  a  child  for  practicing  purposes;  a.  fr. 

"IE*  II  m.,  HID*,  HTQ"  f.l)  accustomed.  Tanh. 
Noah  2  'b  hTMB  na  ('bu;  ITO)  what  each  was  used  to  eat 
(ed.  Bub.  ib.  *Wab), — 2)  (of  persons)  learning,  arguing. — 
PI.  ynab,  'ipr.  Nidd.  22b  rWH  'b  "p*  . . .  1T"5  b2  from  an 
analogy  of  textual  words  (v.  rttjli)  which  are  not  free  for 
interpretation  (being  necessary  to  the  subject  proper), 
you  cannot  derive  any  general  rule;  ib.  ■pB*IS81  'b  we 
may  derive  a  rule,  but  it  is  open  to  argument;  a.  fr. — 
C,S2n  "SEb  'bn  those  who  were  permitted  to  argue  before 
the  scholars  (e.g.  Levi  before  Itabbi).  Meil.91';  Snh.  171' 
(v.  Rabb.  I).  S.  a.  1.  note  3).  Men.  80b  ^2n  Mjb  'b.  — 3)  (of 
subjects)  having  light  thrown  iqion,  defined.  Pes.  25b,  a.  e. 
"mb  &aaD1  nabb  SO  hi  i*in  (a  proverbial  phrase:  behold 
this  one  comes  as  a  teacher  and  turns  out  a  learner)  this 
is  intended  to  throw  light  (on  the  case  of  a  violated  be- 
trothed) and  is  at  the  same  time  receiving  light. — Sifra 
introd.  0"W33>0  'bn  ~i3n  something  which  is  clearly  under- 
stood from  the  context;  a.  fr.— Y.Kidd.I.59a|-rPab  rr>na" 
mnaSa  'b  it»!  "pnin  naa  the  case  of  the  Ibriya  (that  a 
Hebrew  handmaid  can  be  acquired  by  a  written  deed) 
is  learned  from  that  of  a  free  woman,  and  that  of  the 
Ibri  (the  Hebrew  bondsman)  from  the  liriya;  'b  X233 
IdO  consequent^'  a  case  may  be  illustrated  by  one  itself 
defined  (only  indirectly)  by  analogy;  a.  fr. 

i  IG>  whereto?,  v.  ha. 

t  :  T 

TTBj  ivhy?,  v.  na. 

XT  a      '  T 

S  lQ>  (v.  xsb  II)  naught,  vanity.  Gen.  R.  s.  2  (ref.  to 
inn,  Gen.I,2)Blb2  xbi  'bb  nVUi;  who  was  reduced  to  naught 
and  nothing  (on  account  of  his  sin,  v.  Bl;3).  Y'lamd.  to 
Ex.  V,  4,  quot.  in  Ar.  (play  on  nab  ib.)  'b  WnaTl  'b  DTW 
you  are  vanity,  and  your  words  are  vanity;  Yalk.Ex.  176 
B2"nan  'b  arw  'b.  Cant.R.  to  I,  7  (play  on  nobw,  ib.)  kVo 
'21  "W2  'b  niai'X  that  I  may  not  appear  a  nonentity  in 
the  sight  of  &c,  a.  e. 

•  N'lGip  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  m.  Lemuel,  homiletical  surname 
of  Solomon.  Cant.  R.  to  I,  1  13;3  bxb  Mtt  'b  (not  iabb23) 
he  was  surnamed  L.  because  he  spoke  against  God  in  his 
heart  (saying,  I  may  take  many  wives  and  yet  not  be 
seduced  to  sin);  Koh.  R.  to  I,  1.  Num.  R.  s.  10. 

TlQ^,  v.  nab.   [mab  Targ.  II  Esth.  I,  8  ed.  Amst.,  v. 

■nab,  D*Twb,Trraabf  v.  ma^?,  a^w*. 

ni"7j*f.  (Tab)  study.  Yeb.  109b  (ref.  to  Deul.  V,  1) 
'ba  "-"■  n'Mtt>Sa  WW  bs  whoever  is  bound  to  execute 
(the  laws)  is  bound  to  study  them;  Yalk.  Deut.  829. 

"£■<,  ")?2n^,  "72""  m.  (wrr^)  haven,  bay.  Esth.R. 

to  l,  8  '2i  n\up2a  rnx  'ba  mbis  m  rwvio  T»»  two  ships 

attempting  to  enter  the  harbor  (from  different  directions) ; 
one  desires  a  northern  wind  &c.  Y.  Yuma  III,  41a  n:-1^:* 
1B"|  S«  the  harbor  of  Japho.  Y.  Gitt.  I,  43 b  bot.  bin  Wob 
•pnBp  of  Ca3sarea.  Gen.  R.  s.  31  'ba  moW  VtftnO  .  .  .  BX 
if  a  man  wants  to  build  a  ship  able  to  stand  in  the 




harbor;  (Yalk.  Ps.  876  WOS).— Erob.  IV,  2  (41b)  -::: 
y:bb  Ar.  (ed.  b^b).  Ex.  R.  a.  48,  beg.;  Koh.  R.  to  VII,  1 
(ref.  to  'the  day  of  death'  &c.  ib.)  it  is  like  two  sea-faring 
ships  *31  '';!"!  "jE  nXSV'  rns  one  leaving  the  harbor,  and 
one  entering  it;  Midr.  Sam.  ch.  XXII T;  (Yalk.  Koh.  973 
r::).  Koh.  R.  to  VI,  5;  a.  e. 

n2"12~  ch.  same.   Y.  Ber.  Ill,  6C  hot. 

S^u^>  v.  next  w. 

D**C~, '72"~  (transpos.  of  b-b~,  v.  '-'?-■  cmp.  5*5*) 
fo  fn/fr  against,  murmur,  sneer,  Pesik.  R.  s.  6  '"'?  xb  1*3 
'31  zix  no  longer  did  any  one  talk  behind  Moses.  Ib. 
FcVasa  (not  -,-X;^2-2);  Yalk.  Kings  184;  (  Ex.  R.  s.  52 
Dfsrfoj.  Koh.  R.  to  VIII,  8  '31  BrVta  "p?*?^*?  (fr-  ^~'"r); 
Lam.  R.  introd.  (R.  Han.  1)  D"i'"5BB  sneering  with  their 
mouths ;  v.  tIB. 

Tk  *■■!*■ 

C2  ^  (v.BB  II)  unto  tribute,  tributary  (used  homiletic- 
ally  as  an  independent  word).  Lam.  R.  to  I,  1  "TfTBJ  (ref. 
to  BB3  nrvn,  ib.)  BB3  him  -p-sb  T"3  ^StScT  113583  ^sb 
;BB  S"n  323  N"n  because  the  Israelites  worshipped  idols 
(Vat)),  therefore  she  (Jerusalem)  became  tributary,  the 
letters  of  32S  and  BB3  being  the  same;  ib.  [read:]  n:2tt 
322  OoVl  the  inversion  of  BB3  is  b«6.  lb.  6W1  Vte  6W1 
'31  'b  the  numerical  value  of  "O^B  (130)  is  the  same  as 
that  of  B23.  Ib.  X231  X323  IBS  ■p3"rl  (v.  BB  I)  but  the 
Rabbis  explain  lamas,  unto  melting  of  the  heart  (she  be- 
came faint);  v.  MSB  I. 

0/2^  (BBB)  unto  him  who  refiises  (used  homiletic- 
ally  as  an  independent  word,  meaning  in  Greek)  dog.  Sabb. 
63''(ref.  to  Job  VI,  14,  v.  Targ.  a.  1.)  'b  2323  -p-pp  v^3  pjfl 
for  in  Greek  they  call  a  dog  //»JS  (?).  [The  sentence  is  an 
interpolated  gloss,  v.  Y.  B.  Kara.  VII,  end,  6a;  Keth.  96a; 
Gen.  R.  s.  76,  end.  The  interpolator  may  have  had  in 
mind  Xoi;xo;  '«  plague1,  used  as  adj.  in  LXX  for  ba"b2.] 

1^^2<  m.  (Xajx-a;,  -aooc)  forcil,  ^/<£,  /aw/j.  Targ. 
Y.  Ex.  XX,  2  ":■-  'b  lamp,  NB'-xn  'b  torch.—  Greek  gen- 
itive: OTB*A.  Y.  Yoma  III,  41*  top  (ref.  to  Dan.  V,  5  ;  v. 
LXX)  'b  bspb  . .  .  B3"p3  B5in  (not  Dl  .  .  .)  Aquila  trans- 
lates /i/r&e/  nabrashta:  opposite  the  lamp. 

D^JBDb,  0"lDnb,  v.  preced. 

i  .  ^  m.  pi.  (lanae)  icoollen  garments.  Y.  Snh.II,  20c 
hot.  "p"H  'b  (not  "fab;  corresp.  to  X"iB5l  "TplbrT.  in  the 
second  version  ib.). 

"]3j"  =  -,:x  sb.  y.  Peah  in,  i7J  top  toi  ynas  'b  nasi 

(abbrev.  'Bit,  v.  R.  S.  to  Mish.  ib.  Ill,  6)  and  why  do  we 
not  say  .  .  .  TTl  (in  place  of  "pRI)* 

S  '2,  IW>  (sub.  153,  p'bn)  m.  (orig.=l"IBi8D,  used  as  an 
independent  w.  as  if  from  a  root  BB3,  cmp.  B^b)  the  thin 
web  worn  by  loose  women  ( =  yr.ft  rx"J"  br  pibn,  Kel. 
XXVIII,  9,  v.  ym  II);  in  gen.  fine  veil.  Y.  Sabb.  VI,  8b 
bot.(expl.n"'T'T'.>Is.lII,23)  '21 1BVH  (133  'b  it  is  the  dress 
of  the  ill-reputed,  as  we  read  (Cant.V,  7)  they  took  my  veil 

&c.  (believing  her  to  be  a  harlot).  Ib.  XIII,  beg.,  14a  "jrim 
'31  3133  'TX  'b  (not  n::"Bb)  as  regards  the  thin  web,  even 
the  finishing  (adding  the  fringe)  is  considered  an  act  of 
weaving  (in  the  Sabbath  law).  Y.  M.  Kat.  II,  811'  top  fhrti 
'21 'b  "pins  decided  concerning  (the  sale  of)  stuff  for  veils 
(during  the  festive  week)  &c.—Pl.  rVBiob.  Y.  Sabb.  IV,  7a 
top,  v.  BH.-Chald.  form :  X^BlBb.  Y.  B.  Mets.  IV,  end,  9d .  .'" 
'33  p^B"  ft'n  .  .  R.  A.  was  engaged  in  weaving  veils.  Ib. 
'b  -fb^SB  "B  what  dare  we  do  with  those  veils  (dare  we 
use  means  to  give  them  a  fine  appearance)? 

i  — y  <»  w  BOJ  v.  sub  'B"-. 

(DUD*  )  CUC",  (denom.  of  B-CB-b)  to  attack,  as  a 
frce-booter,  to  commit  robbery.  Ex.R.  s.  1,  beg.  33332  rnh 
rvcn  PS  attacked  and  robbed  the  people.  Snh.  72a  XS1* 
'31  BOOVal  E"2~~  rr~sb  he  will  go  out  to  the  cross-roads 
and  rob  &c. ;  Yalk.  Deut.  930. 

S  K3  V>,  V.  HB1B-. 

PC>  f.  (contr.  of  ADS?,  v.  333)  cheek,  jaw.  Nidd.  23b; 
Y.  ib.'lll,  50c  bot.  —  PI.  n;r>Bb.  Nidd.  1.  c.  Y.  Yeb.  XVI, 
beg.  15c.  Sabb.  151b;  Lev.  R.s!  18,  beg.;  Koh.R.  to  XII.2 
(expl.  VaiTOm  ib.)  'bn  (^B'XI)  ibx  that  means  the  flesh- 
covered  cheek-bones. 

SrD", '0'*  ch.  same.  Targ.  Y.  Deut.  XIV,  9.  Ib. 
XXXIV,  7.  Targ.  Job  XL,  26.— PL  XrB^b.  Targ. Lam.  Ill, 
30.  Targ.  Is.  XXX,  28;  a.  e—  [Targ.  Job  III,  9,  v.  nr}?'*.] 

S>",  v.  -"b- 

3^",  Hif.  B^bri  (b.  h.;  cmp.  »3)  to  mock,  talk  las- 
civiously (with  3).  — Y.  Sot.  Ill,  19a  ^3n3  n»Voi  PCWP 
'31  who  sits  down  and  quotes  Biblical  phrases  in  a  las- 
civious manner  (e.  g.  Gen.  XXX,  16). 

— >  ">  Ithpa. 3"brx  ch.  same.  Targ  II  Kings II,  23.  Targ. 
Jud.  xlx,  25  (ed.  Lag.  13bsr\H,  v.  3=S).—  Targ.  Hab.  I,  10 
BSfene  (some  ed.  asArta,  fr.  3rbn). 

ZV"~,  ^">*  m-  (preced.)  sport,  mockery.  Targ.  Jer. 
XX,  7  (some  ed!  ';).  Targ.  Ez.  XXXVI,  4  (h.  text  asb).  lb. 
XXII,  4  (Levita  arb),  v.  arb  ch. 

XF>  (b.  h.;  cmp.  preced.  wds)  to  jest,  mock.  Pesik.  R. 
s.  34  '31  b?  i::3b  K"rb  in  vain  did  we  deride  their  words. 
Hif.  VShft  same.  Y.Peah  1, 15d  top  (ref.  to  Prov.XXX, 
17)  '21  35  na"rb~-'  y9  the  eye  that  mocked  at  the  law 
commanding  to  honor  father  and  mother  and  despised 
the  law  (Deut.  XXII,  6)  &c.  Erub.  211'  (ref.  to  aflb,  Koh. 
XII,  12)  '21  b~  a^b^n  \z  whosoever  derides  the  words  of 
the  wise,  v.  33b.  Gen.  R.  s.  94  ■nTirS'BB  tMWte  spoke 
lasciviously.  Esth.  R.  to  III,  9  '21  ISflM  "a"?*""?  they  deride 
us  and  our  religion.  Num.  R.  s.  16  "'b  4319911  they  spoke 
irreverently  of  me.  Y.Naz.  I,  beg.  51a  [read:]  a^B  ri;  iriB 
'31  IS  ",n*b2  how  is  this?  Does  he  mean  it  sarcastically, 
or  does  he  mean  to  say,  I  will  be  a  Nazir  like  them  ?  Yalk. 
Ex.  250  l^br  T-S-,-2  p'Tllll  and  the  Spirit  of  Holiness  laughs 
I     at  him;  a.  e. 




X/~,  .•!/'.  :-:;:S.  P<i.*svb  ch.same.  Targ.  Jer.  VIII,  18. 
Targ.  Is.  XXVIII,  11. 

J2?-;  m.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  sport,  mockery.  Erub.-'l1'  (ref. 
to  Koh.  XII,  12,  v.  >vb)  '31 'b  aYO  ""2  does  the  text  read 
la'ag  (mockery)?  does  it  not  read  lahag  (thought)?;  v. 

J$Z  oh.  same.  Targ.  Jer.  XX,  8  (ed.  Lag.  2^"'-);  v.2"'~. 


in.  pr';)  speaking  a  foreign  tongue,  esp.  Greek. 

v.  Meg.  II,  beg.  73a  »»  03  kxt  ':n  nr::n=  ra*r=  nnm 
if  the  Book  of  Esther  was  written  according  to  law  (in 
Hebrew),  the  Greek-speaking  (reading  Iron)  it)  in  Greek 
(translation)  performs  his  duty. — H.rYTTi9%.  Mish.ib.  II,  1 
'21  tjftrYi  u-;n  'V-  nr^x  y+vp  Y.  ed.  (Bab.  a.  Misli. rvitytt) 
it  is  read  to  those  speaking  a  foreign  tongue  in  their 
tongue,  but  the  foreigner  that  heard  it  in  Hebrew  &c.  Y. 
ib.  IV,  75abot.  Tosef.  ib.  IV  (III),  13  ';  Vi'  r^izn  rV3 
(Tar,  IVttSb)  in  a  synagogue  of  foreigners;  a.  e. 

fctftfpb  ch.  same.— PI.  *risV  Mace.  61'  '=1  ';  in:*  for- 

T.  T  ••         T 

eigners  (not  speaking  Chaldaic)  came  to  court  oetore 


D"2">"»  "|"-ri>™,  " '"* garden-orache ( Artiplex 
Hortensis,  v.  Low  Pfl.  p.  274).  Kil.  1,  3;  Y.  ib.  27a,  expl. 
T^'l'^n  'having  eyes'  or  'colors'.  —  [Sabb.  90a;  Nidd.  62a, 

V2_*>  (b.h.;  cmp.3?;)  [to  talk,  babble :]  1)  to  speak  a  for- 
eign tongue,  speak  Greek.  Meg.  II,  1  TSrb,  pi.  rviwlP, 
v.  fW». — 2)  (v.  flft  IV)  fo  talk  against,  criticise,  cast  suspi- 
cion. Pes.  51a'l".  '2  I"1;"  rrt5;  the  entire  country  criticised 
him ;  a.  e. 

Hif.  T-^'-rt  same.  Y.  Shek.  V,  4  in  some  ed.  of  Talm. 
Babli  VT"—-  v.  r;  IV. 

]l/~  m.  (pieced.)  1)  foreign  tongue,  esp.  Greek.  Meg. 
18'  "VP  '53  the  hi  az  (of  Mish.  II,  1)  means  Greek,  lb. 
":T  ';3  rOITOe  Ms.  M.  (ed.  IWP)  written  in  Greek  (trans- 
lation). Ib.  'b  3=3  in  any  foreign  tongue.  Y.  ib.  I,  711' 
bot. ;  Y.  Sot.  VII,  21*  top;  Esth.  R.  to  I,  22,  v.  ■qjt  I ;  a.  fr. 
— 2)  evil  talk,  disrepute.— b"  'b  N^ain  to  spread  evil  talk 
against,  to  cast  suspicion,  discredit.  Kidd.  81a  xnn  xVi" 
rr:z  bv  'b  SPXIQ  that  you  may  not  (by  punishing  her  for 
private  meeting  with  a  man,  v.  *OTP)  cast  suspicion  on 
the  legitimacy  of  her  children.  Snh.  431,  \9  'b  X">:;V  ";x 
'31  do  not  discredit  the  decision  by  lots;  a.  fr. 

"N3?5  abbrev.  of  -Tr*;X,  q.  v.— [Y.  Sot.  Ill,  19a  top,  v. 

t   :    t  mr  ' 


«*/"  (b.  h.;  cmp.  Cr:)  /o  swallow,  glut.  Deut.  R.  s.  1, 
beg.  (ref.  to  r»TT&,  Ez.  XL VII,  12,  cmp.  Men.  98a  ~rrnb 
Ci^bx  fiB)  '=1  ii:^in  oy&S  Q3X  (KWB  "^  53  whoever  is 
tongue-tied  and  eats  greedily  of  it  (the  Law),  will  have 
his  tongue  loosened  &c. 

Hif.  w^ri  to  feed  an  animal  by  putting  food  into  its 
motith,  contrad.  to  03X.   Sabb.  XXIV,  3  *{*&<$&  33X  but 

you  may  put  food  into  the  camel's  mouth;  Gen.  R.  s.  63 
(with  ref.  to  "WSsn,  Gen.  XXV,  30);  Num.  R.s.21.  Tosef. 
B.  Kam.  VI,  17,  ib.  Hull.  Ill  (IV),  19  '51  rfflftn  PO^ln  if 
he  made  the  animal  eat  asafoetida  &c;  a.  e.  —  B.  Earn. 
69a'=l  SC"i;  WlSPysrl  let  the  wicked  (robber)glut  it  and  die. 

—  V >  a  mnemonical  word,  intimating  33,  W*3,  b'T"-. 
Ber.  ola  HS"1  mS"jbb  it  is  good  for  the  heart,  the  eyes  and 
the  milt. 

"2/3,  S2?~(v.  iN3)  1)  to  labor,  work;  to  study.  Targ. 
Y.  Gen. Ill,  18;— Targ.  Prov.  XVI,  26  6Cs£.— Lev.  R. 
s.  32  mX33  "'V-  work  right  (Tanh.  Emor  2+  P""*;).  lb. 
s.  34  D^SJI  *3b  Vw  PlX  P"^  why  doest  thou  not  go  working 
and  have  something  to  eat?  — Y.  Keth.  V,  301'  top  -pOTTl 
*-vb  because  they  are  working  beasts.  Y.  Sabb.  VI,  7(1  bot. 
JBVniSCa  ^vb  Xim  that  he  might  be  able  to  study  the 
Law;  a.  fr.  —  Y.  Erub.  I,  18d  top  '51  fmra  nrszl  (cmp. 
"PlOfl  for  ^n)  and  he  studied  (repeated)  it  after  him 
forty  times;  ib.  nm"Vi  (read  rTTOVl).-2)  to  be  tired.  Targ. 
Y.  Ex.  XVIII,  18  *vb-T,  xr;^  Ar.  (ed.  1P2P  "WTO;  0.nxV>-: 
^x'-P).  Targ.  Lam.  V,  5.  "Targ.  Prov.  XXVI,  15  ""x";  ed. 
Lag.  (oth.  *3b);  a.  e.— Lam.  R.  in  trod.  (R.  Isaac  8),  v.  •fha. 
—  Y.  Gitt.  VIII,  beg.  48°;  Y.  Ter.  I,  40b  ^vb  SWTl  and  he 
became  tired  (ceased  from  raving). 

Af.  -*&&  to  tire  out,  ruin.  Targ.  I  Chr.  XVII,  9  "^j«s 
(not  *&?*£»). 

2^b,  v.  2V,. 

X&,  v.  JS>. 

JT^n2?^  f.  (tofe)  jetting  food  into  an  animaVs  mouth. 
Hull.  55,;,v.  rrarsn. 

>^,   v.  -"r. 

"'"I/!^  pr.  n.  m.  Ldyi,  name  of  a  Tannai.  Y.  Dein.  I, 
beg.  21';  (Tosef.  ib.  I,  3  "^Xr'-X,  cmp.  X^X). 

b"'?b,  »b"?b,  v.  b~. 

k ,  i J  >•,  v.  rwa*. 

"r?b,  v.  c-:-rr. 

nO"3?"  f.  (OS5)  pap  or  2>a»te;  ro"1"-:  HG^sV  pap  made 
of  grits  'of  beans'  Nidd.  IX,  7  (expl.  "fC-n;  "•*)';  Tosef. 
ib.  VIII,  9. 

rtO"^>  m.  ch.  same.  Y'lamd.  to  Deut.  beg.,  quot.  in 
Ar.  '21  'b  i_nn  a"iX  remove  this  paste  from  off  thy  eyes 
(said  to  a  bribed  judge). 

b?b,  sb?b,  v.  b^v. 

HD3?b  I  pr.  n.  m.  '-  ,2  JB«?  La'anah.  Y.  Snh.  X,  '2s:' 
top  '-,  ~-]2  *W*0;  (Koh.  R.  to  XII,  12  xbr  *p  1K>). 

ni^3  II  f.  (b.  h.;  Arab,  la'an  to  curse)  bitterness; 
wortuwbod.  Tanh.  B'shall.,  ed.  Bub..  21;  Yalk.  Ex.  258, 
v.  -!.-  L 




RT2y~  ch.  same,  bitterness.  Targ.  Y.  II  Deut.  XXIX, 
17  (not  xr:r>j. 

v-^>~  (cmp.  ~zv'z  a.  ens)  to  clew,  masticate.  Sabb.  XIX.  2 
';*  ":~r2  cr*';  one  chews  (cumin  for  a  plaster)  with  one's 
teetli  and  applies  it.  Tosef.  ib.  XII  (XIII),  8  'ppS'ft  "pS 
'21  you  must  not  chew  gum-mastich  on  the  Sabbath. 
Tosef.  Pes.  VI,  1 1  '31  ^2  DS1S1  .  .  .  aitOS  W»  lUUBMttJ  (not 
CT")  when  the  attendant  gets  up  from  the  table  to  mix 
the  wine,  he  must  close  his  mouth  and  chew  (the  meat 
of  the  Passover  lamb)  until  &c.  Pes.  II,  7  2"1X  Ci:*:"  x"; 
'2*  one  must  not  chew  wheat  (on  Pesah)  and  put  it  on 
one's  wound;  a.  e.  —  Part.  pass.  C>l??.  Y.  Ter.  VIII,  451' 
hot.,  v.  r';2. 

C""  ch.  same.   Targ.  Koh.  XII,  3. 

"I*"",  v.  -r'r. 

I»V|  v.  TB;ch. 

SS'IS.  ^  m.  (IS;,  cmp.  ~ZZ)  pap,  esp.  of  figs.    Sabb.  37 '' 

hot.  (Alf.  srsr:).    B.  Mets.  841'  'z  *Wa  ',T»0  sixty  kinds 

of  pap.— PL  '-€-.   Ned.  50b  (expl.  -pOSirs)  TOTI.  .  .x:T2 

';  V~:  -  a  species  of  figs  of  which  pap  is  made.   Ib.  XE;x 
/•-  -..„ 

^  ©!3  m.,  prob.  to  be  read:  X*TB- pi.  (v.  T,2:)  stew- 
pots.    Targ.  Y.  II  Num.  XI,  8. 

"Tltv,   v.  T*BD. 

U'lt-3,  according  to,  v.  WE. 

"C^iD"  m.  pi.  kettles,  v.  033. 

i,  ^  according  to,  because,  v.  !"!2. 

D^j  >S5>  to  join. 
Af.  "BrX  (cmp.  Tab)  fo  arrange.    Targ.  Y.  Lev.  VI,  5. 

I  if  ^  in.(b.  h.;  cm^.'Ot'-)  a  pot  in  which  light  is  carried 
(v.Maim.  toKel.II,  8  a.  Ar.  s.  v.) ;  torch.  Kel.II,8'pn  (U.S. 
-•Z-)  the  light-pot  — Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.LII(ref.  to  Gen.  XV, 
17)  '=•  min  x';x  ''z  1'W  torch  means  the  Torah  &c.  (with 
ref.  to  Ex.  XX,  1 8) ;  a.  e .— PL  &T»b.  Snh.  1081'  (ref.  to  TSV 
Job  XII.  5)  words  'zz  CfTDp  EiTL'  as  hard  as  light-pots. — 
Trnsf.  lightning,  fash. — PL  as  ab.  Mekh.  Yithro  s.  9  (ref. 
to  Ex.  1.  c.) '?  "n^l  JYlVlp  ^Zip  various  sounds  and  various 
flashes;  Vn  '~  JiaOfl  .  .  tVSff]  were  there  various  kinds  of 
sounds?  various  kinds  of  flashes?;  a.  e. 

™  ©"  ch.  same.  Gen.  K.  s.  30  (ref.  to  "PBr,  Job  XII,  o) 
rr'z  'z  rrt  mo  ynaK  pP  (Ar.  "7B?)  there  (in  certain  places) 
they  say  (instead  of)  'he  has  a  crier'  (that  walks  before 
him):  'he  has  a  torch'  (carried  before  him),  i.  e.  he  is  a 
distinguished  person. 

ITSlDPSi),  Tanh.  ed.Bub.  B'resh. 24, Var. •*"--':,  read: 
"*:"""£-  m.  pi.  (leporinae,  sub.  lanae)  garments  made  of 
hare-wool;  (cmp.  Gen.  R.  s.  20  n^ix  T2X). 

:!"T  *?<  I=r  "  "r'"<  v-  n?  »•  ?5$)  therefore.  Pes.  X,  5. 
Keth.  2^;'a.  v.  fr. 

iNw  ijx,  v.  xce;. 

P  :  .  m>  (r?^  glutinous  substance,  pus.  Mikv.  IX,  2 
•,"■:  pT»a  'z  pus  sticking  around  the  eye;  ib.  4  f?Kl?J  '3 
in  the  eye.  on  the  eye-lids. 

ND'lVirV  ch.  (pieced.)  7>i(/7J,  ao/l  portion  of  cabbage. 
V.  Ter.  X,  47 "hot.  PIM3B3  STTI  ri2"X  |a  30  take  (for  thyself) 
from  its  trunk  and  give  (as  T'rumah)  its  pulp. 

"ocb,  ":sb,  D-DDb, 

C/D>  c.  (CB;,  cmp.  TSz)  a  tightly  covered  pot,  stew-pot, 
v.  SjCK.  Y.  Hag.  II,  77d  top  [read:]  TnWGl  mn  ';2,  v. 
OB3  X.  Y.  Shebi.  VI,  end,  37a  pT  SB  nnx  'z  a  stew  of  veg- 
etables. Peah  VI11,  4  fefiVa  out  of  his  stew.  Y.  Ned. VI, 
beg.  39°  ';;  Tffp  a  dish  prepared  in  the  stew-pot;  (Bab. 
ib.  5ia  M>s6  Trm ;  Tosef.  ib. in,  2  bift'wa  yrawi).  Hull. 
84'  [read:]  '2"  "OSV^  np"1  may  buy  for  his  stew  a  litra  of 
&C.;  a.  fr.— PL  B^OBs,  feDs.  Tosef.  Sabb.  XVI  (XVH),13  : 
Y.  Bets.  IV,  62c  bot,  v.  crb.   Eduy.  II,  5,  v.  W<tt"fW;  a.  e! 

NC£~  ch.  same.  Y.  Peah  VIII,  20"'  bot.  X15  jo  rv:pr 
'z  gave  the  T'rumah  out  of  the  stew-pot.  Ib.  VII,  20a 
bot.  (ran  -iE2i  X0*B3  (read:  BDtffe;  Keth.  112a  12=  C2r-x 
"■ri)  the  pot  of  K'far  H.  (which  was  very  large).  Ib. 
VIII,  21a  bot.  '=1  XVI  '1  ya  . .  .  .  .  *pXf  does  not  the  dish 
originally  come  out  of  the  (earthen)  pot?  Eat  (now) 
of  it,  v.  XS23.  —  PL  X*;C2c.  Targ.  Y.  1  Num.  XI,  8,  v. 

jOi^  m.  (pieced,  ws.;  cmp.  /.a-Vivy;)  charlock,  a  plant 
resembling  the  mustard  plant.   Kil.  I,  5. 

*]D^  (cmp.  *ZZ)  to  cling  to,  to  clasp.  Tanh.  B'har  3  (ref. 
to  r23-i,  Ruth  HI,  8)  inES!;  she  clasped  him;  Ruth  R.  to 
1.  c.  rvTTnr  lr22?  (some  ed.  Ttttb),  v.  rVtWt. 

Pi.  T2'-  1)  same.  Bekh.  41a  (interpret.  TSS^)  r22*-"r 
':■  rep-TMl  it  continues  to  cling  (to  the  body)  to  the  day 
of  death,  v.  supra.  Sot  3b  (play  on  iT'sb^,  Job  VI,  18) 
'21  1"2£p  rzsin"  "inSS^O  (sin)  clings  to  him  and  goes  be- 
fore him  on  the  day  of  judgment. —  2)  to  wrap,  swathe. 
Sabb.  1291'  hot.  '21  ibTW  TX  y^ECO  you  may  swathe  a 
new-born  child  on  the  Sabbath.  —  Part.  pass.  ^S1?2;  f. 

rwfta  Dent.  r.  s.  3  £X2  fy&  CX2  ntfmn . . .  mim  the 

Torah  scroll  which  was  given  to  Moses, — the  skin  was  of 
white  fire,  written  upon  with  black  fire,  sealed  with  fire 
and  swathed  with  bands  of  fire. 

*]£v  ch.,  Pa.  Cpgib  (interch.  with  ZfSzJ  1)  to  swathe, 
bandage,  wrap.  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XV,  2.  Targ.  Lam.  II,  22 
eetnh  (some  ed.  mBB?).— Sabb.  661';  147lj  xpi2">  i2^Bb  to 
swathe  a  new-born  child. — Parti  pass.  ~2;^  (rE^).  Targ. 
II  Cbr.  XXXIV,  15  (of  a  scroll,  v.  preced.).  Targ.  Lam. 
II,  20  (Ar.  'irm  Ithpa). — Trnsf.  to  handle  in  the  tcay  a 
child  is  swathed,  to  turn  clay,  mould,  shape  (cmp.  3ST). 
B.  Mets.743  '21  X'pl  "Web  iDirra  xni  does  it  not  require 




moulding,  drying,  putting  into  the  stove  &c.  lb.  "132 
■JWtniWJibBn  Ms.  M.  (ed.  WO**!  PEBb^l,  eon1,  ace.)  when 
they  have  heen  moulded  and  dried.  —  2)  to  join,  couple, 
loop.  Targ.  Ex.  XXXVI,  10.  lb.  IK  XEBbb  (Var.  XEBbb, 
XEBbb);  a.  fr.— Part,  pass.  rEba,  ffffeo,  lb.  XXVI,  3;  a.  fr. 
Ithpa.  rp""PX  to  /;<•  swathed,  v.  supra. 

Sj£*  PlE",  '^c.^XCEb.  Y.Peah  VIII,  2la  bot, 
'b  ■)«  b"3x,  v.  xcEb.— Y.  BhebL  II,  3*»  bot.  fyl  rnTO  as 
much  only  as  is  required  for  the  stew-pot  (immediate 

TTppZ*,  Targ.  Y.  Lev.  I,  16  in  Ar.  s.  v.  -jpb  some  ed., 
read:  xpTPTB:T;  v.  XEpib?. 

"  E)2  (b.  h.;  cmp.  r|EP)  1)  to  twine  around,  cling  to, 
clasp.  Ruth  R.  to  III,  8,  v.  C)Eb;  Tanh.  B'har  3(expl.nB^i, 
Ruth  1.  c.  'he  felt  himself  embraced')  bl  PEib-l  rTOSfl  las 
as  you  read  ( Jud.  XVI,  29)  and  Samson  clasped  &e— 2)  (cmp. 
~7©)  to  wrap  up,  to  insert,  combine  (dishes). — Part.  pass. 
HE;,  pi.  "prttti.  Koh.  R.  to  VII,  7  (expl.  ",nB:)  ","«^»an  "fl» 
PT3.  P"  'b  two  messes  combined. 

Pi.  Pfb  same.  Ab.  Zar.  3SU;  59a  TBft  PX  W  PBbb  to 
go  with  bread  as  a  relish. 

TD"  ch.,  Pa.  P:b  as  preced.  Pi.  Bets.  16a  Fffotfl  "WS 
ptR3  (Alf.  PESTS"!)  something  used  as  a  relish  is  required, 
KPtlfeB  xb  r«fl  (Ms.M.PEbTa,  Alf.  XPBS-2)  whereas  bread 
is  not  used  for  that,  purpose. 

Ithpe.  rs'^X  to  be  used  as  XPBb  ;  v.  supra. 

kv>  t,  (v.  preced.  wds.)  something  tchich  goes  icith 
bread]  vegetables.  Ber.  441',  v.  n"l2  4.  — Gen.  R.  s.  15  in 
Wffl  rs  xb  PEb  last  one  says  /e/efA  was  h-path  (no 
food  of  man  before  he  sinned,  i.  e.  bread  fully  seasoned 
grew  out  of  the  ground,  and  no  relish  was  required); 
PTP?  ttTWP  X^P  rs  xb  'b  lefeth  will  be  no  food,  in  the 
Messianic  days;  Y.Ber.  VI,  10a  bot.;  Tanh.Ekeb7  [read:] 

pe  xb  tnasb  mvs  xbx  pe  rawi  now  "jpxpi  (with  ref. 

to  -Q  POE,  Ps.  LXX1I,  16;  cmp.  Sabb.  301',  Midr.  Till,  to 
Ps.  CIV,  12).  — Esp.  lefeth,  turnip.  Kil.  1,3.  lb.  9.  Keth. 
11  lb  '31  Smip»l  'te  yp  fc*TO  a  fox  made  his  nest  in  a 
turnip,  and  when  they  weighed  it  &c. ;  a.  fr. — PL  PlPiBb. 
Y.  Ter.  1I,41C  hot.  'b  iBlfl  turnip-heads.  Yalk.  Leut.  944. 
Snh.  191'  bot.  (ref.  PBb*n,  Ruth  III,  8,  v.  Targ.)  TOS  ITOWtt 
'b  "USSOB  his  body  became  as  soft  as  (boiled)  turnip  heads. 
Ber.  56a  Ar.,  v.  JfT&fc'Hj  a.  e. 


S7D5,  D">  ch.  same.  Targ.  Ruth  111,8,  v.  preced — 
Ber.  44 lj  '31  'b  tYTTI  tS  when  thou  seest  turnips  in  the 
market,  ask  not,  what  wilt  thou  eat  with  the  bread,  lb. 
56a,  v.  Xn-;?r.S_;  a.  fr.— Bekh.  431',  v.  DPS;.    . 

^/'^  *»' -:'»  w  -  f.  (preced.)  'b  PE  bread  seasoned  ivith 
a  relish.  Tanh.'Ekeb  7  (ref.  to  TOE,  Ps.  LXXII,  16)  BT 
xno-E  'b  PEb  TTflp*  mwpa  there  are  places  where  they 
call  seasoned  bread  piss'tha. 

D*nS52,  Jfw™  I  m.  (v.  PEb),  one  whose  head  is  turnip- 

shaped.  Bekh.  VII,  1  (43a)  *,PBb  Mish.  (Talm.  ed.  CiPEb), 
expl.  ib.  431'  '31  i»T1  XPBb  (read  D...  or  ",...),  v.  MT^|>W. 

"iV)?*?*  '£"5  II  m.  (~Bb)  »WisA.  Ber.  40a  lXTTir  "W 
'31  'b  IX  PlblO  until  salt  or  some  relish  is  placed  before 
each  Dne,  v.  C"i;3.  Neg.  XIII,  9;  Tosef.  ib.  VII,  10;  Hull. 
71b  'ba  (P)b3ixi  3.0*3  reclining  and  eating  (the  named 
quantity  of. bread)  with  some  relish;  Koh.  R.  to  VII,  7  ""2 
'ba  PT31X  3w  (corr.  ace);  expl.  ib.,  v.  PEb;  a.  e. 

fcOr©5/Dn>  ch.  same.  Targ.  Job  VI,  6  Var.  Ms.  (li. 
text  SEP),  v.  ©#». 


Y  ^j  y  5  m.  (b.  h. ;  V*lb)  scorns  r,  scrfffer,  frivolous  person . 
PI.  CWSb,  '"b.  Sot.  42a  'b  P3  the  class  of  scorners.  Snli. 
101a,  v.  "ii33;  a.  fr.— 'b  niTVa  (Ps.  1, 1)  scorners'  gathering, 
bad  company.  Kidd.  41a  'b  3t5TO  ISOa  his  company  is 
the  bad  company  (meant  in  Ps.  1.  c).  Ab.Zar.  181'  ("HOX) 
'b  '"O  ">3S2  (is  forbidden  as)  coming  under  the  category  of 
being  in  bad  company ;  a.  fr. 


mS--'  f.  (preced.)  1)  scorn,  lasciviousness.  Cant.  R.  to 
III,  4  (play  on  Plxbfl,  Is. XXI,  4)'b  ^"Ql  pfiB  JttTO  HE  the 
mouth  which  spreads  words  of  lasciviousness;  "pE3U3  *'$ 
'b  "Q*lb  because  they  went  out  for  lascivious  entertain- 
ment; cmp.  XPSfiS"1?. —  2)  sport,  pleasure.  Tosef.  Sabb.  VI 
(VII),  4  'b  nb  XPPU)  that  she  may  be  entertained;  Yalk. 
Lev.  587  PX^b  nb^PPPa  (corr.  ace). 

nb,  rasb,  maib,  v.  sub  'A 

It"  t  ••  T  T  "  »    " 

p>  m.  (ppb)  lapping,  greedy.  Pesik.  Zakh.,  p.  26b  p-~2V 
'3T  PE1X  pb  U?  Amalek  is  'am  lak  (a  greedy  people),  a 
people  that  came  to  lap  the  blood  of  Israel  like  a  dog; 
Yalk.  Deut.  938  ;  Yalk.  Ex.  262  ;  a.  e.   Tanh.  Ki  Thetse  9, 

a.  e.   '31  PIS  pb  W>,  v.  pb"\ 

*£-?»    ^Pri'    V-  ^~ 

ri"inip~  f.  pi.  (Ppb)  bought  property,  esp.  mortgaged 
property  sold;  trnsf.  the  purchaser  of  mortgaged  property . 
Keth.  IX,  8  'bP  p  P3nB3  X^PI . .  ."Ott  if  her  husband  sold 
his  property  to  strangers,  and  she  wants  to  collect  (her 
K'thubah)  from  the  sold  property  (sues  the  purchaser). 
B.  Mets.  12b  "pa  xb£  'b  CpB'nsb  ^PXI  and  he  might  seize 
the  sold  property  unlawfully.— B.  Bath.  107a  Ipbnu;  a^PXP 
IIP  'b  after  the  heirs  have  divided  up  the  estate,  the3' 
are  considered  as  purchasers  (from  one  another,  and  the 
brother  whose  portion  has  been  seized  for  his  father's 
debts  has  no  redress),  opp.  ",P  D-^'ll"1  they  are  heirs  (and 
the  estate,  minus  the  seized  portion,  has  to  be  redivi- 
ded) ;  a.  fr. 

nij>*,  v.  rwpb.  • 

U  IpV,  »Jp  \J  m.  (apb;  v.  wpb)  grain-gleaner,  a  sort 
of  huckster  dealing  in  grains  bought  up  in  small  quantities. 
B.  Mets.  72b  P^-QP  BTp^B  ^"f  . .  .  »plb  UJ"^  ed.  (Ms.  M- 
throughout  Vp''~;  Ms.  R.  a.  ed.  Ven.  21pb,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S- 
a.  1.  note  7)  why  is  it  different  with  the  gleaner?  Because, 
if  he  has  none,  he  will  borrow  from  a  fellow-gleaner.  Ib. 




tflaVl  'lbb  iSUJn  xs^ia  IS  until  the  market  price  has  been 
announced  for  (the  goods  of)  the  gatherer  and  the  merchant 
alike ;  Tosef.  ib.  VI,  1  nplbb  (corr.  ace.).— [Keth.  54a  aipba. 
Ar.,  v.  'J"^.]— PI.  rnefip\.  B.  Mets.  1.  c.  btt51 ...  'b  bliJ  Ttt 
'21  D18  33  Ms.  H.  a.  R.  (v.Eahb.  D.  S.  1.  c.)  if  the  gleaners' 
goods  (mixed  goods)  were  worth  four  S'ah  (and  more) 
a  Sela,  and  those  of  other  people  three  &c. ;  [ed.  VTI 
'21  mst  3251 .  . .  niaipb  if  the  gleaned  grains  were  worth 
&c ;  Tosef.  l.  c  ssmo  rvobin  niaipb  wi  (not  msbim). 

5tf".2"lp  >  ch.  same,  esp.  the  poor  gleaner.  —  PI.  ^aipb. 
B.  Mets.  21b  (expl.  nnsias)  'b  iro'b  gleaners  after  gleaners 
(the  poor  who  come  for  the  second  gleanings). 

■WElpb,  v.  \yjip3. 

b^^ipb,  v.  Dvj^pap-ib. 
bO^pb,  v.  wT?y 



&^/lp>  f.  (ipb)  1)  punishment.  Targ.  0.  Deut.  XXXII, 
32.-2)  &ew#  beaten.  Yoma  71b  J-rnipb,  v.  "jFfO;  Zeb.  18b; 
Yalk.  Ex.  380. — 3)  disorder,  disease,  defect.  B.  Bath.  16b 
Xlti  'b  ttnpn  sc"ip  a  complexion  like  the  color  of  the  horn 
of  the  unicorn  is  a  defect  (and  not  a  perfection).  Hull.  43a 
tf^m'bthe  disorder  of  the  kidneys  mentioned  byKakhish. 
Ib.  55abot.  '21 '?  iJO'S'i  when  the  disorder  extends  to  &c; 
a.  fr. 

npy  (b.h.)  1)  to  take,  receive.  B.  Kam.  119a  fip-JlS  ifiCU 
'21  yTipl?  collectors  of  charity  may  receive  from  them 
small  contributions.  Ex.  B.  s.  3  lbttJ  rix  'b  he  received  his 
due  (punishment).  Tanh.  Korah  3  irnba  'b  he  took  up  his 
cloak;  a.  fr. — 2)  to  carry  away]  to  persuade.  Ib.  1  (ref.  to 
Num.  XVI,  1)  '21  roiirs  abx  npil  fW  vayikkah  means 
attraction  by  soft  words;  ib.  2  Wbs  }W)>  xbx  np^l  f« 
inpb  lap'U  vayikkah  has  the  meaning  of  separation,  for 
his  heart  (pride)  carried  him  away;  Num.  B.  s.  18. — 3)  to 
buy,  acquire.  Bern.  IV,  5  '21  ib  rip  buy  (provision)  for 
me  of  one  who  is  reliable  &c.  Ib.  "Wripbl ....  np^b  ~jb>n 
'21  "jb  if  he  went  to  buy  of  him  (of  the  designated  person), 

and not  finding  him  I  bought  of  &c.  Ib.V.  1  "p  Ijpibn 

'21  he  who  buys  of  a  baker.  B.  Mets.  16b  lri|ri}MW»b  when 
I  shall  have  bought  it;  a.  v.  fr.— Ijpib  buyer.  Ib.  15b  bot. 
'b  n^l  when  the  buyer  is  dead.  Ber.  5arraia  'bl  and  the 
purchaser  is  glad;  a.  v.  fr. — Part.  pass,  nipb,  f.  Sinipb ;  pZ. 
=T'?b,",irpipb;  ni'rapb.  Y.  Pes.  il,29b  Ittwoqtta  'bn'that 
which  has  been  bought  with  tithe-money.  B.Mets.  110a'b 
T3  N^ni  have  it  as  a  purchased  property.  Y.Snh.IX,beg. 
26'1  [read  :]  lb  '?  fOTPHln  WttTttJ  tP  until  the  first  wife  has 
been  legally  acquired  (betrothed)  by  him ;  (Y.  Yeb.  XI, 
H'1  top  npipT),  v.  nnipb;  a.  fr.— V.  nirapb. 

Nif.fffAl,  rip"1:,  Hp3  to  be  taken,  bought,  acquired.  Maas. 
Sh.I,3  IWSa  CjOan'PS  TSik  must  not  be  bought  with  tithe- 
money;  Hull.  I,  7  Mp^i  irx.  Men.  42b  TTVip3;  "pnp3 ;  a. 
fr.— Kidd.  2b  (ref.  to  Deut.  XXII,  13)  it  is  not  written  V 

STJKb  itttJX  npbfi  if  a  woman  is  married  (marries  herself) 
to  a  man  (Var.  npT\). 

Hithpa.  ripbnn  to  be  enclosed,  squeezed  in.  Num.  R. 
s.  12 ;  Cant.  R.  to  IH,  1 1 ;  Pesik.  Vayhi,  p.  4a  (expl.  riHpbrra, 
Ex.  IX,  24),  v.  xrvvairs. 

llp-P  ch.,  Ithpe.  npibx  to  be  taken,  married.  Keth.  IV, 
1 1  (52b)  -p-Qiab  "jinpkri  is  Bab.  ed.  (Mish.  a.  Y.  ed.  pOSTY!) 
until  they  shall  be  married;  ib.  53b  ",np^ni. 

np~  m.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  purchase ;  (acceptable)  gift; 
lesson.  Taan.  7a  (ref.  to  Tipb,  Deut.  XXXH,  2)  xbx  'b  "pit 
STilti  lekah  means  the  Law  (with  ref.  to  Prov.  IV,  2) ; 
Tanh.  Haaz.  3;  a.  fr.— 'bn  *pK  auction-stone.  Yalk.  Lev. 
667,  v.  npa. 

T3p*  (b.  h.)  [to  seize,]  1)  to  gather,  glean;  to  pick,  v. 
Pi. — Part.  Epib  gleaner,  huckster,  v.  oipb. — 2)  (in  sewing) 
to  gather,  pucker.  M.  Kat.  26a  bot.  fVO  "jrvnDsbl  "jap/ibb 
rnablD  to  mend  (the  rents  for  the  dead)  by  gathering  or 
making  a  sort  of  stairs  (chain-stitches),  v.  u)$0. 

Pi.  ap^b  same,  1)  topick,  harvest;  to  pick  up,  collect.  Tosef. 
Shebi.  IV,  21  '31  iniX2  anriK  *fc  he  harvested  Ethrogs  on 
the  first  of  Sh'bat;R.Hash.l4a;  Erub.7a;  Yeb.l5a.  Tosef. 
R.  Hash.  I,  9  p*P  'i?  if  one  picked  vegetables;  a.  v.  fr. — 
Maas.  Sh.  II,  5  '21  **  ">bUJ  HO  Y.  ed.  (Mish.  a.  Bab.  ed.  Sia 
lipb  EpbttJ)  what  coins  he  picked  up  singly  belong  to  the 
second-tithe  fund.  Y.  ib.  53c  "b  b3.K  p*«ai  pia  '^bUJ  Nim 
'21  *P31X  bs  (not  "piK)  provided  he  picked  up  here  and 
there  (deliberately  selecting),  but  if  he  did  so  at  random 
&c.  Bekh.  7b  '21  apba  D^sa  b^^H  b2  every  animal  that 
lays  eggs  supports  its  brood  by  picking  up  food  for  it, 
except  the  bat  . .  .  which  gives  suck. — M.  Kat.  1, 5  tipba 
'21  D1X  one  may  (during  the  festive  week)  collect  for  final 
burial  the  bones  of  &c,  v.  lilp^b.  Snh.  VI,  6  DN  "pBjjfca 
'21  SrrasSil  the  bones  (of  the  convict)  may  be  collected  and 
buried  in  their  family  tomb;  a.  fr. — Esp.  to  glean,  to  take 
the  poor  man's  share  in  the  crop.  Peah  IV,  9  '21  apbas  ">o 
(Y.  ed.  '^bitt)  if  one  gleaned  the  corner  of  the  field  and 
said,  tbis  is  to  belong  to  &c;  Gitt.  llb;  B.  Mets.  9b. — 
PeahV,  6  uipbb  (Y.  ed.  Bpbb).  Y.ib.  IV,  18b  topP^I  12b"* 
'21  let  them  have  an  opportunity  to  go  and  glean  in  an- 
other field  &c,  v.  "WIST?,  a.  v.  fr.— [Peah  IV,  5,  v.  Hif.].— 
[Sot.  llb  '21  ",nb  apbai,  v.  ap;.]—  2)  to  pluck  (hair)  out 
singly.  Naz.  40b  I3pba3.  iup-b  if  he  plucked  it  singly  with 
pinchers;  Mace.  HI,  5  i'Jpb.  Ib.  20b  '21  r,133b  lipbtta  when 
one  plucks  out  the  white  hair  among  the  black;  Sabb. 
94b;  a.  e.  — [Naz.  1.  c.  13>nn  tWpV'B  IS,  read  "oba-ilD  as 
Mace.  IH,  5.] 

Nif.  Bpbs  l)  to  be  collected,  harvested.  Tosef.  Shebi.  IV, 
21  S"Oiro  '31  mim  biaiU  what  has  been  growing  under 
obligation  (as  eventually  subject  to  tithes)  and  been  har- 
vested under  obligation ;  rP3nsi»:i  '31  rWSiU:!  biaii)  what 
has  been  growing  in  the  Sabbatical  year  and  collected  in 
&c. ;  R.  Hash.  15a ;  a.  e. — 2)  to  be  made  smooth  by  plucking. 
Sabb.  97a,  v.  Mpb'?. 

Pu.  aplb  to  be  gleaned.  Peah  V,  1  YTinn  'b  xbttJ  ttJ^ia 
a  stack  of  grain  under  which  the  gleaning  for  the  poor 
has  been  left. 

Hif.  u^pbn  1)  to  cause  picking,  to  strew  feed  for  birds. 





Tosef.  Sabb.  XVIH,  4  ftJ^pWfc  contrad.  to  •pBptoa  (v. 
Bpbvt);  Sabb.  155b.— 2)  to  arrange  the  gleaning  by  the 
poor.  Peah  IV,  5  (3)  bsnn  b3>  •ptt-'pba  Wi  Y.  ed.  (Bab.  ed. 
a.  Misb.  "papba)  arranged  the  gleaning  by  the  line,  leav- 
ing a  corner  at  the  end  of  each  furrow. 

Hithpa.  apbrri  to  be  collected;  to  require  collection. 
Maas.  Sh.  II,  5  Dilipbrrafi  those  coins  which  have  been 
picked  up  singly,  opp.  "pbbssn.— Hull.  46a  tUS  Mpbrra  if  the 
required  size  of  sound  flesh  can  be  obtained  only  by  col- 
lecting (it  not  being  in  one  place),  how  is  it? — lb.77a  'brra 
liia  how  is  it,  if  the  quantity  of  flesh  required  to  cover 
the  broken  bone  is  scattered? 

T2p~,  13 'p*,  ch.  same,  to  pick  up;  to  gather.  Targ. 
Gen.  XXXI,  46.1b.  XLVII,  14  (ed.  Berl.  CJ&).  Targ.  Ex. 
XVI,  26;  a.  e.— Part.  "Jipb,  "Jpb.  Targ.  0.  Deut.  XXIX,  10 
-"'pb  ed.  Berl.  (ed.  Amst.  Bgb,  corr.  ace;  h.  text  2i:rt); 
Targ.  Josh.  IX,  21  *U$  Bxt.  (ed.  "cpba).— Sabb.  156a  sbl 
fT'awbla  B^pbfa  calf) that  does  not  take  up  with  its  tongue 
(the  fodder  placed  before  it),  v.  infra;  a.  e. 

Pa.  i^pb  same.  Targ.  Gen.  XLVII,  14,  v.  supra.  Targ. 
Lev.  XIX,  9  (Y.  II  Pe.);  a.  fr  —  Targ.  II  Esth.  Ill,  8  T'Jpbai 
(not  ■papbai),  v.  asm— Lev.  B.  s.  6  b"K  apba  Ninn  "mp 
-pba  nx  . .  agb  Epb  he  began  to  pick  up  (the  scattered 
Denars) ;  said  he  to  him,  pick  up,  pick  up,  for  it  is  thine 
own  thou  art  picking  up. — Y.  Sabb.  VII,  10a  bot.  "jMpbai 
(not  n-pbll)  and  gathers  them  (the  sun-dried  fruits  in 
cakes  or  strings;  v.  Maim.  Sabb.  VIII,  6);  a.  e. 

Af.  ^pbx  to  cause  to  take  up,  to  put  the  mouth  to. 
Sabb.  156a  IffV  T'-^pba  Ms.  0.  (Ms.  M.  mb  fBpba,  ed. 
■paipbita,  v.  Eabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  we  may  make  it  take 
up  (taste  the  fodder). 

t3p!3  m.  (b.  h.;  preced.  wds.)  1)  gleanings;  the  poor 
man's  share  in  the  crop  (Lev.  XIX,  9).  Peah  IV,  3.  lb.  10 
'31  -noun  'b  WW  what  is  called  leket  (the  poor  man's 
share)?  That  which  drops  &c.  lb.  11  'b  'b  pSD  where 
there  is  a  doubt  about  leket,  it  is  leket,  i.  e.  the  poor  man 
has  the  benefit  of  the  doubt.  lb.  V,  1  'b  Ha3  rtms  fti&to 
'31  we  calculate  how  much  it  would  ordinarily  give  out 
for  the  poor  man.  Y.  ib.  V,  beg.  18d  bl23  -jBp^b  5"S  ^"15113 
'31  for  he  piled  up  the  stack  over  the  poor  man's  share ; 

a.  fr.— 2)  pucker,  seam.  M.  Kat.  26b  'bn  -pna 3nipn 

he  who  rends  his  garment ...  in  a  place  which  has  been 
mended  by  a  pucker  (after  having  been  rent  for  a  death). 

!3pO,  S!3p5,  ItftSpVch.  1)  same, gleanings, poor 
man's  share.  Targ.  Lev.  XIX,  9. — 2)  the  accumulated  food 
in  a  bird's  crop.  Targ.  Y.  I  Lev.  1, 16. 

nTt3pb  Maasr.  Ill,  7;  Ohol.  XVIII,  10  'btt  Ar.,  v. 

SJ^ISpb,  NpI3pb  f.  (lectica)  sedan-chair.  Mekh. 
Mishp.  s.  1  'ba.  ..13b^'  xb  lie  (the  Hebrew  servant)  shall 
not  be  used  to  carry  him  (his  master)  in  a  litter,  a  chair 
or  a  sedan-chair;  Yalk.  Ex.  311 ;  v.  Xp^Jfiba. 

yJ)  np  J  [to  become  less,]  l)  to  suffer,  be  under  a 
disadvantage.  B.  Mets.  Ill,  12  VC\  *iom  npb1?  he  suffers 
the  disadvantages  of  loss  or  gain,  i.  e.  he  must  pay  ac- 

cording to  the  original  value  of  his  charge  in  case  of 
depreciation,  or  according  to  the  present  value  in  case 
of  a  rise  in  value.  Tosef.  Yeb.  IX,  3  npib  "pH  rmo  TO 

justice  suffers  under  this  rule,  i.  e.  it  is  inconsistent;  Y. 
B.  Kam.  IV,beg.4a;  a.e. — Esp.  to  be  smitten,  afflicted  with 
disease  (esp.  leprosy);  (of  crops)  to  be  struck  (by  hail  &c); 
to  be  blighted.  Sabb.  87b  rvni33  npb  the  first-born  (in 
Egypt)  were  smitten.  Ib.  97a;  Yomal9b  nplb  . . .  n^inn 
1S13.3.  he  who  entertains  a  suspicion  against  worthy  men, 
will  be  smitten  with  disease ;  Ex.  B.  s.  3  Silpbb  "Hjo  JlfiK  C]X 
nS*iSS  thou,  likewise,  deservest  to  be  afflicted  with  lep- 
rosy. Hull.  55a  nns  iObl3S  nnpb  if  one  of  its  kidneys 
is  disordered. —  B.  Mets.  IX,  7  «inpb  the  wheat  crop  was 
blasted. — Ber.  18b  'b  Nb  ibltt  his  crop  was  not  struck  by 
hail.— Makhsh.  IV,  3,  a.  e.  brYOfi  ripb1]  abtt)  that  the  wall 
may  not  suffer  (from  the  rain) ;  a.  fr. — 2)  (of  luminaries) 
to  be  eclipsed.  Mekh.  Bo.  s.  1  npib  iianniro  when  there 
is  an  eclipse  of  the  sun ;  B^pib  rYlVrafiias  when  planets 
are  eclipsed;  Succ.  29a;  a.  fr. — Part. pass,  "^pb  disordered, 
sickly,  stunted.  Sifra  Thazr.,  Neg.,  ch.  VII,  Par.  5;  Neg. 
X,  1  (expl.  Lev.  XIII,  30)  *i2lp  'b  pi  dak  means  diseased 
(sparse)  and  short  hair.  Yeb.  80a  'b  lax  "©aa!!}  bs  one 
born  with  defective  genitals.  Tosef.  ib.  X,  6  'b  iblp  his 
voice  is  abnormal  (womanly,  thin).  Ib.  7  'b  flblp  her  voice 
is  abnormal  (manlike;  Yeb.  80b  ri33>).  Ib.  'b  113>ir  his  hair 
is  abnormal;  a.  fr. — 3)  (law)  to  be  punished  ivith  lashes. 
Mace.  I,  1  Disn-iK  fiplb  he  receives  forty  lashes  (v.  S?*TK). 
Ib.III,  1  "ppibri  *|H  lbs  the  following  persons  receive  (thirty 
nine)  lashes.  Snh.  IX,  5  fi3lUl  'bia  ">a  he  who  has  been 
lashed  twice  (and  commits  the  same  offence  again) ; 
Hif.  Hpbn  1)  to  disaffect,  weaken,  strike.  Ber.  18b  113 
mix  fipba  hail  will  ruin  his  crops.  Sabb.  113b  KlrilU  i32a 
npba  because  it  makes  thin  (weakens  one's  constitution); 
a.  e.—Part.  pass.  Rpb*B  sickly,  broken  down.  Euth  B.  to 
I,  5  'al  laiUJa  Klri  5]K  he  (the  messenger)  was  likewise 
broken  down  and  sick;  Lev.  R.  s.  17;  Pesik.  Vayhi,  p.  66a; 
Pesik.  B.  s.  17  Snplba  (part.  Pu.). — 2)  to  punish  tvith  lashes, 
flog.  Mace.  Ill,  10  irllK  ypVa  Fta3  how  many  lashes  does 
the  court  inflict?  Ib.  12  IPilX  "ppba  12^3  how  is  the  flogging 
done?  Kidd.  81a  TOla^n  rQTJ  Kb  bs  "ppba  the  court  orders 
the  flogging  of  a  person  for  conduct  giving  rise  to  suspi- 
cion, basing  its  action  on  I  Sam.  H,  24.  Gen.  E.  s.  7  rifiX 
ijpba,  v.  nbap;  a.  fr. 

)?  .»  ^r  ■?  cn- sanle)  t°  oe  affected,  disordered,  smitten, 
punished.  Targ.  O.  Ex.  V,  14  ipb  (Y.  Ipb).  Ib.  16  ',pb  (Y. 
l^pb).  Ib.  IX,  31,  sq.  Targ.  Y.  INum.  XXVI,  11 ;  a.'fr.— 
Tern.  4b  ipb  ista:*  why  should  he  be  punished?— Ib.  5s 
ipb^b  ia3  !*n  let  him,  too,  be  punished.  Y.  Kidd.  I,  61b 
bot. '31  "pb^a  rvja  yw  if  it  should  happen  to  thee  to  suffer, 
it  is  better  that  I  suffer  in  thy  place ;  Pesik.  E.  s.  23 — 24 
""abvi  (corr.  ace.) ;  a.  fr. 

Af.  ipbst  as  preced.  Hif.  Targ.  Deut.  XXII,  18  "ppb^ 
(not  'b^l).'  Ib.  XXV,  2,  sq.  — Targ.  I  Sam.  V,  6;  a.  fr.— 
Sabb.  H3b  "'pbal  )*Ki  because  it  is  ruinous  to  health. — 
Kidd.  81a  T"H3a1  Tsbo  punished  the  woman  of  bad  repute 
and  published  the  cause(for  the  protection  of  her  children, 
v.  TS>b).  Ib.  '31  ipbb  103  *W  why  do  you  not  likewise  punish 
and  publish?;  a.  fr. 



nrPptl  f.  (fipb)  l)  taking,  seizing.  Succ.  37a  (ref.  to 
Lev.  XXIli,  40)  rran  '3  *,'"#2  a  real  taking  in  hand  is 
required.  lb.  1HX  121  ">"»  'b  an  indirect  taking  (with  glov- 
ed hand,  by  a  string  &c.).  lb.  llb  '31  'b  'b  tpb*.  he  com- 
pares the  expression  Flpb  (in  Ex.  XII,  22  a.  Lev.  1.  c.) ;  a. 
fr.  —  2)  purchase,  acquisition.  Ex.  K.  s.  28,  beg.  (ref.  to 
Ps.LXVIII,19)  1?  rero  'b2  he  gave  the  Law  to  him  as  an 
absolute  acquisition.  —  Esp.  taking  a  wife,  betrothal.  Y. 
Snh.IX,  beg.  26d;  Y.Yeb.XI,lld  top  (ref.  to  Lev.  XX,  14) 
'31  '3  2T3  1»1  *12*3UJ  2VO  *ir6l33  in  all  the  other  laws 
of  incest  the  verb  shakhab  is  used,  but  here  lakah  is  chosen, 
to  intimate  that  one  of  the  two  must  have  been  legally 
betrothed  to  him.  Y.  ib.  VI,  7b  bot.;  (Bab.  ib.  55b  nrnp); 
a.  e.— 3)  taking  away  by  death.  Gen.  R.  s.  25,  beg. 

-£pj?b,  vpgb,  v.  a^. 

T^yJm.  (vpb)  gleaner,  a  sort  of  client,  retainer.  Shebu. 
461'  "■Xtt  ita""*Al  11*3ttJ  how  about  his  hired  laborer  or  his 
client  (may  they  take  the  oath)?  — Y.  Erub.  VI,  23c  top 
"irpsl  IHJattJ  his  (the  gentile's)  attendant  or  client.  Keth. 
54a  '33  WlV""l*  (Ar.  13lp32)  and  the  reverse  is  the  law  (as 
to  deducting  from  his  wages  the  outlay  for  his  garments) 
concerning  the  client;  '?3  "pi  the  same  is  the  law  &c. 

T.2np2  Ich.  same,  esp.  beggar.— PI.  *&?%b,  Y.Taan. 
IV,  69a  bot.  '33  (ed.  X'J^pb,  con-,  ace);  Lam.  R.  to  11,2 
quot.  in  Arab.  s.  v.  2*1} ;  v.  3?iplp  I. 

TD 'p>  II  m.  (part.  pass,  of  Epb)  pinched  out,  chiselled, 
in  bass-relief  (cmp.  Syr.  nz:pb  embroidery,  P.  Sm.  1970). 
Targ.  I  Kings  VII,  19.  Ib.  26 ;  Targ.  II  Chr.  IV,  5  KWtBltttt  'b 
chiselled  in  the  shape  of  a  rose. 

n'^^p-P  f.  (apb)  'picking,  collecting,  harvesting.  Peah 
I,  4  nnXD  ini^p?"  and  such  fruits  as  are  harvested  all  at 
once  (not  singly  as  they  become  ripe).  R.  Hash.l4bn.2?ttJ2 
VTUffl  in-^pb  the  duty  of  giving  tithes  begins  when  it 
is  being  cut.  Ib.  15a;  Tosef.  Shebi.IV,  21  1^223  inii*pb  IfiX 
after  it  is  harvested  begins  the  duty  &c. ;  Succ.  40a  IJtfit 
fttftpb  (inn).  Ib.  llb  *,*VrtttJS  BWl  It  ",no"p5:  the  cutting 
them  is  their  making  (preparing  for  the  religious  cere- 
mony) ;  a.  fr. 

SDnptp,  Mp>  m.  (pp3,  cmp.  )^b  a.  Greek  Xsxocvt]) 
bottle]  flask.  Targ.  Jud.  VI,  38  N3p3  ed.  Lag.  (Var.  "pb, 
««>,  Ar.  SOIpp;  h.  text  3B&).—  Sabb.  12a  {TOI  ""pbb  Ar. 
(Ms.  M.  iOpbb;  ed.  X3p3,  corr.  ace.)  into  a  flask  filled  with 
water.  Ib.l43a  (Ms.M.  Hpib,  corr.  ace;  Rashi  Ms.  Wlpb, 
v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  100).  Ber.  62a  JOpVo  .  . .  Klttplpa 
(Ms.  0.  !"01p32)  clappered  ....  with  a  nut  in  a  flask.  B. 
Kam.ll3b,  v.  XJ^B.— PI.  VT$t,  ?}pb.  Targ.  Job  XXXII, 
19,  v.  N3"yb.— Gen.  R.  s.  13,  v.  next  w. 

NrWpb,  Srp^F?^  f-  (preced.)  a  little  flask.  Koh. 

r.  to  i,  7  'si  moS)  i^aVn  uni  did  'pi?  *.iba  (not  rriuo)  they 

filled  a  flask  with  (Ocean)  water  and  added  water  there- 
to, and  it  absorbed  it.— PI.  XMiO-O-pb.  Gen.  R.  s.  13  113m 

-« 'b  X3a  mb  (Ar.  'plilpb  x?a)  they  handed  him  flaskfuls 
&c;  (Yalk.  Koh.  967  Htt*)b  *tna  '13»). 

JlTp  2,  Nl^p? 1  pr.n. m.  Lakish,  L'kisha;  "jwattJ  *-31 
'3  ',3,  abbrev.  '3  U5"i,  3"1  R.  Simeon  ben  Lakish  (Resh 
Lakish)  an  Amora,  contemporary  and  brother-in-law  of 
R.  Johanan  by  whom  he  was  converted  from  a  lawless 
life.  Hull.  56a.  Gitt.  47a;  a.  fr.— B.  Mets.  84a  $,W>pb  13; 
a.  e. 

#npb  II,  tiyb  m.,  Xtiy)  c.  (tip»  slow,  late  (in 
the  season);  late  rain /  late-born  (cmp.  3*B2<).  Targ.  Deut. 
XI,  14  (ed.  Berl.  'p3).  Targ.  Y.  Lev.  XXVI,' 4.  Targ.  Hos. 
VI,  3;  a.  fr.  — Snh.  18b,  a.  e.,  v.  1*32.  Koh.  R.  to  VII,  26 
D*C05  'b,  v.  I"1*?*:.— Pl.)->ti">pb,  K^iTPpb,  ^pb;  **)"£""&!  Targ. 
Y.  I  Deut.  XXXII,  2  '"pb.  Targ.  Gen.  XXX,  42  (ed.  Am. 
'USpb;  h.  text  tnSaSH).  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  IX,  32— Gen.  R.s.  73, 
end  (ref.  to  bfK&h,  v.  supra)  "j23l  'b  the  late-born  were 
Laban's;  Lev.  R.  s.  30  8\2J"p>?  (corr.  ace). 

cs~ly"p>,  "p*  f.  (preced.)  lateness,  retardation. 
Targ.  O.  Gen.  XXX,  42  ttt$  '32  (ed.  BerL  N"#<J"&,  v.  Berl. 
Targ.  O.  II,  p.  11 ;  ed.  Amst.  MlSp'b)  when  the  sheep  were 
late  (tired). 

jP^m.  Opb;  transl.  of  Xeirxov)  a  very  small  copper 
coin.  Y.  Maas.  Sh.  IV,  beg.  54d  '31  *pB?K  *pin2  3X21X21 
(not  '31  .  .  .  3X21N21)  and  in  Arbela  the  Denar  is  worth 
two  thousand  P'rutahs  and  one  Lakan.— Y.  B.  Mets.  IV, 
beg.  9C  1"OX  '32  '3  to  lend  money  on  Lakan  against  L. 
(counting  Lakans  in  place  of  Denars)  is  forbidden. 

&Op3,  v.  x:*p>3. 

ti  :  -  t  '•  t 

"0p5  Lakni,  name  of  a  bird.  Hull.  63a. 

YY2  (b-  n-5  cmP-  T&) to  iaP>  tick-  Pesik.  Zakh.  p.26b 
'31  pftS  *"X2U  fialX  (not  K2U5);  Tanh.  Ki  Thetse  9 ;  Yalk. 
Deut.  938,  v.  p3. 

Pi.  pp*b  same.   Snh.  68a  '31  ppbitin  3333,  v.  10fi. 

Eif.  pbri  same.  Par.  IX,  3  npba  S**-TO  "JBa  (ed.  Dehr. 
itpbn)  because  it  (the  weasel)  laps  (lets  the  water  drip 
back  out  of  its  mouth). 

!2Jp>  (b.  h.)  to  be  slow,  late. 

Hif.  Uitpb'n  1)  to  retard.    Num.  R.  s.  1,  beg.  (ref.  to 

m?BW0,  Jer.  II,  31 ;  cmp.  3*B!*)  HfllK  **^p3:**1 XOO 

did  I  ever  promise  .  .  .  and  retard  it?;  Tanh.  B'midb.  2; 
Yalk.  Jer.  267;  Num.  R.  s.  23  Eenx  "•WUp'brn  .  .  X2H5  did  I 
promise  to  bring  you  .  .  .  and  keep  you  back? — 2)  to  do 
a  thing  late,  finish  in  a  hurry,  in  a  state  of  exhaustion. 
Lev.  R.  s.  30  (interpret.  CpiP,  Ps.  CH,  1,  with  ref.  to  Gen. 

xxx,  42)  i-i2ia*pb**  nso-p  i*i3stbaaa*.3B^33...32>iBn*-a 

5]1D3  (not  1PI3N353)  as  a  laborer  sits  waiting  for  the  time 
when  he  may  rest  a  while  from  his  labor,  and  finally 
finishes  it  in  a  hurry  (when  it  is  late). 

mpt)  ch.  same,  Pa.  UTpb  to  be  late,  tired.    Targ.  Y 
Gen.  XXX,  42  "•Wpb  (infin.,  not  'b),  v.  Kniiyipb. 





Af.  Epb&Jl  as  preced.  Hif.  2.  Yalk.  Ps.  855  (ref.  to  CpS*, 
v.  preced.)  iib  lrpbai  TiN  Kim  for  he  (the  poor  man) 
comes  (to  prayer  late)  and  goes  through  it  in  a  state  of 

E5j?5,  v.  &i?\ 

iTlpb,  inversion  of  bph  (Dan.  V,  25).  Snh.  22a  D3N  03tf 

1B1C3  'b  for  •pons!  bpn  WO  KM, 

3*Hb  (=  j?-«b,  v.  KS1X)  below.  Targ.  Y.  II  Gen.  XL,  23 
*Vl  NlOri  human  favor,  opp.  b">3>bl.  Targ.Ez.I,  27.— 3>i!ra 
(/rom)  below.  Targ.  Gen.  I,  7  (ed.  Berl.  Sllba).  Targ.Deut. 
XXXIII,  13;  a.  e.— Y.B.Hash.  II,  58abot.Y.PeahV,end, 
19a  Sib  "]a;  a.  fr. — [In  Hebr.  grammar:  Slba  accent  on 
the  last  syllable',  b^rba  on  the  penultima.] 

yiHJ^  c.  (b.  h. ;  Jfcfc)  1)  fow^ue.  Ber.  61a,  v.  Tjnn.  Bekh. 
VI,  8  (40a),  v.  IBia.  Lev.  B.  s.  16;  a.  v.  fr.— PZ.'nisiuJb. 
lb.  s.  33,  beg.;  a.  e.  —  Transf.  a)  language.  Sot.  49,J  'b 
■»011D,  Syriac,  v.  "^fto;  Wtpt\^>  (abbr.  p'Tlb)  Hebrew; 
rYW  'b  Greek;  a.  v.  fr. — b)  expression, phraseology, par- 
lance. Ber.  31b,  a.  fr.  trtfct  "OS  yittSVs,  v.  131.  Y.  Ned.  VI, 
beg.  39c  iilin  'b  Biblical  usage;  X"3  'b  common  parlance 
(later  Hebrew). — ">pa  'b  or  iT^pS  'b  decent  expression, 
euphemism.  Gen.  B.  s.  70;  s.  86  (ref.  to  Gen.  XXXIX,  6) 
'3'b  it  is  a  euphemism,  i.  e.'  the  bread  which  he  ate'  means  his 
marital  life.  Pes.  3a ;  a.  fr. — Ib.b  113.3  'b  respectful,  chaste 
language.— Par.  1, 1  fTVablD  'bil  lia  what  does  the  expression 
rviabffl  mean?— Eduy.1, 3;  Sabb.  15a131  'bn  1albDlN3i"Tm) 
in  transmitting  a  tradition  one  must  use  the  very  words 
of  the  teacher,  v.  "pii ;  Ber.  47\— blS3  'b  a  reiteration  of  the 
same  word  or  an  amplification.  Cant.B.  to  1, 16,  opp.  ElttJS  'b 
plain  expression,  v.  infra. — 'b  bs  bsi3  'b  assonance,  allit- 
eration. Gen.  B.  s.  31  (irnj  a.  mull?);  a.  e.— 3>1Jl  'b  (abbr. 
i"nb)  ev«7  £a/&,  calumny,  gossip,  denunciation.  Arakh. 
lob;  a.  v.  fr.— 13T'b,  ri3p3  'b,  v.  13t,  !l3p3.— PJ.  as  ab.  Y. 
Sabb.  XIX,  17*j  Y-  Yeb-  VIII>  8dTbot.T(ref.  to  Van  biain, 
Gen.  XVII,  13)  }<i  'f*tt3fP\  'b  the  double  expressions  in- 
timate amplification  (repeated  action);  '31  "pbl£3  'b  ('b 
mblE3)  they  are  merely  double  expressions,  the  Torah 
speaking  in  the  usual  way  (according  to  popular  usage, 
v.  supra);  Y.  Ned.  I,  beg.  36c.  Y.  B.  Bath.  VIII,  end,  16c 
'b  ^bsn  linguists ;  a.  fr. — 2)  anything  tongue-shaped,  strip, 
strap,  wedge.  Yoma  VI,  8,  v.  rniint.  Erub.  12a  31  'b  a 
small  inlet,  creek;  a.  fr.— PI.  as  ab.  B.  Mets.  II,  1  bm  'b 
•jaMX  purple  wool  coming  in  straps;  Erub.96b,  opp.  "pEin 
in  threads.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.  VIII,  6  'b  Wi3  two  straps 
of  a  bed,  v.  PPib  I.— Kel.  XVIH,  4  'b  bs>  13113113  pba  a  bot- 
tom of  a  bed  made  to  rest  on  wedge-shaped  corner 
pieces;  a.  e. 

rPp"1^!?  f.  (=rwbttJb,  v.  nzbtib)  juice  of  a  plant  used 
for  drying*.  Tosef.  Kil.  IH,  12.  Tosef.  Shebi.  V,  6;  Y.  ib. 

vn,  37c  top  trugwfofl. 

7l3vJj),  y"!p  f.  (b.  h.)  cell,  chamber,  compartment. 
Midd.  V,  4  ysii  risob  the  compartment  (in  the  Temple) 
for  the  storage  of  wood ;  'b  the  compartment  con- 
taining the  pilgrims'  well;  hNWl  'b,  v.  ttti. — Esp.  'bil  the 

Temple  treasury  for  congregational  sacrifices.  Slick.  II  J,  2 
'bil  MX  pallfl . .  UJbUJ2  the  funds  in  the  treasury  are  ar- 
ranged in  three  piles.  Ib.  'bil  Maim  the  treasure  of  &c. 
Ib.  IV,  1  'bil  nalina  yott)  "pbaiS  receive  their  wages  out 
of  the  Temple  fund;  a.  fr.— PI.  WOttflj.  Midd.  V,  3.  Tarn. 
Ill,  3  ;  a.  e. 

SrGtpb,  '^TO  ch.  same.  Targ.  Y.  Num.  XIX,  2 
'b  niJlSx'=*=h.Si3tt5bii  nailfi,  v.  preced.  Targ.  Jer.XXXV, 
4  ;  a.  fr.— PI.  KrOUJb,  fW^,  '-h.  Targ.  I  Chr.  IX,  26.  Targ. 
Ezek.  XL,  17;  a.  fr. 

NFltOTttjb,  'nb  (v.  next  w.)  foam  (of  nostrils).  Targ. 
Job  XXXIX,  20. 

n"Z*OE3^,  'n!p  f.(transpos.  of  nblubttJ,  v.  bbttj  a.cmp.  late 
Hebr.  bltiJbllJ  diarrhosa)  secretion,  chicken's  dirt,  spittle  &c 
Sabb.  XXI,  2. 

"]P>>  Hif-  ytityn  (b.  h.;  denom.  of  "jittib)  to  slander, 
speak  evil  of.  Esth.  B.  to  111,9  '=1  Drvbs  Til  pV  U3S  Satan 
arose  and  denounced  them  (the  Israelites)  before  the  Lord. 
Ex.  B.  s.  3  '31  THUS  tt)Il3!i  »ia  as  well  as  I  smote  the  serpent 
when  he  spoke  evil  (of  the  Lord).  Ib.  bs  lbttJ  nx  Jipb 
'PHU  was  punished  because  he  had  spoken  lightly  (of  the 
Israelites,  Ex.  IV,  1);  a.  fr. 

"jtEb,  Af.  w,U:b5<  ch.  same.    Targ.  Prov.  XXX,  10. 

[Tib,  v.  nnb. 

(SrO  f.(nib,denom.  of  T\*\b,to  join,  attach,\.  P.Sm.1920) 

1)  fellowship,  company.  Yeb.  29a  rVm  'b  Dliua  nnins  rTWa 
they  made  her  sister  subject  to  Halitsah  (v.  fi-S'1?!!)  on 
account  of  her  associate  in  the  case  (i.  e.  her  sister). — 

2)  that  which  clings  to  a  person,  fate,  luck.  B.  Mets.  20b  oiffla 
3>p&  IT1*!  "^rib  the  cedar  column  burst  in  my  luck  (to 
avenge  the  wrong  done  me).  Ib.  106a  Still  T^nb  DlttJa 
(-p">l  "P)b)  it  happened  in  thy  (bad)  luck ;  itfnb  DTOa  in 
my  bad  luck. 

ninrp  f.  (nnb)  moistening  the  grain  before  grinding. 
Pes.  36a  "p'pin  iin^b  'b  the  moistening  is  not  done  by 
careful  persons  (priests).  Ib.  40a  'b  xbn  iliipsb  IttJBK  iJ< 
Ms.  M.  (ed.  IT^pS)  white  flour  cannot  be  produced  with- 
out moistening.  Ib.  '31  'b  h2Ql  S<b  "^X  if  it  required  no 
moistening  what  is  the  guard  for?  (v.  "llH^ia). 

0  m.  (b.  h.)  Lethekh,  a  dry  measure,  half  a  Kor 
(113);  also  (='b  ITO)  a  land-measure.  Shebu.  VI,  3.— B. 
Mets.  104a;  B.  Bath.7a  xbx  13  f^VtO  B"3-'X  .  .  113  n^n  121X!1 
'31  'b  if  one  said,  'I  sell  thee  a  Beth-kor  of  land',  although 
it  measures  only  a  L.  &c. 

"TITO  (cmp.  taib  a.  Arab,  latta)  to  stir,  mix,  esp.  to 
stir  the  grain  in  water  for  the  purpose  of  moistening  it 
before  grinding,  in  gen.  to  wash  or  moisten  grain.  Tosef. 
B.  Kam.  X,  9  "jnnb  xbl  and  the  miller  omitted  to  moisten 
it.  Tosef.  Makhsh.  HI,  2  '31  b'JD  "jnnibb  to  have  them 
washed  in  the  dew  or  rain.  Pes.  36a  '31  "pnnib  "pX  must 
not  be  washed  before  grinding;  a.  fr. 





_  'oh.  same.  Pes.  36a  [read:]  nifl>3  TO  nFfeia  (v. 
Kabb.  I).  S.  a.  1.  note  9 ;  Ms.  M.  tTHrtb,  read  TflBSft  Pa.)  let 
it  also  be  permitted  to  wash  (the  grain  for  the  meal- 
offerings),  Y.  Gitt.  I,  43c  "prfj  "jinx  no  how  do  you  moisten 

the  wheat  (without  fitting  it  for  levitical  uncleanness)? — 
"p!"P£3  "pnbl  "ps^d  'Cp^U  "JDX  we  boil  eggs  and  wash  with 
the  water  in  which  they  were  boiled;  Y.  Shebi.  V,  36° 
top  (corr.  ace). 


U  Mem,  the  thirteenth  letter  of  the  Alphabet.  It  inter- 
changes with  3,  esp.  in  the  plural  termination  O"1^-,  (Chald.) 
V— >  e.g.  ■pX/nip=diX'iip,  y»e*T=tPt?n  &c.,with  d,  v.  letter 
d. — a  is  frequently  inserted  for  emphasizing  a  succeed- 
ing labial,  cmp.  ya+WJqb  a.  "HBO,  btt^at  a.  XSpbdT  &c— 
a  as  a  preformative  letter  in  denominatives,  e.  g.  nata 
from  ndT,  xnaia  from  mi,  25n"iK73  from  SIX  &c. 

12y  as  a  numeral  letter,  forty,  ['a  the  letter  Mem, 
v.  a"a.] 

~Q,""72  (followed  by  Dagesh  forte),  -a,  -To  (before 
gutturals)  prefix  for  ",a,  l)  from,  of,  e.  g.  dipaa  /ro»t  a 
j?Zace;  "'naxa  from  what  time  &c. — "bxa,  v.  w.  —  2)  (v. 
"TO)  /rom  £Ae  time  that,  when;  from  the  fact  that,  since; 
also  separated  TO.  e.  g.  Sot.  IX,  7  Hp53>n  nsnsnattJa  after 
the  heifer  has  been  killed;  Num.  It.  s.  2  *TOX  Xinia  "a 
(=n»3)  after  having  said;  Y.Shek.V,  end,  49 b  *i«-pa  when 
I  come  back;  Y.  Peah  VIII,  21b  top  "dl  "jTrtn  ^a  *,1-itn  ^a 
when  we  come  back, — when  they  came  back  &c. ;  Y.  Ber. 
II,  5C  hot.  rrn^Bo  ed.  Lehm.  (ed.  n*ndO  ^a)  because  I 
thought;  Y.  Taan.  IV,  69a  'ppWa  (Lam.  R.  to  II,  2  JO 
*ppE21)  when  they  came  forth ;  a.  fr. 

2£Q,  1XQ  ch.  =  h.  na,  1)  ichat?  Targ.  0.  Gen.  XXXI, 
26  ed.  Berl.  (mostly  Ha,  q.  v.).  dX  Xa,  contr.  d^xa  toTta* 
(will  happen)  if?,  suppose,  perhaps.  Targ.O.  Gen.  XVIII, 
24  dN  xa  ed.  Berl.  (oth.  ed.  a.  Y.  d^xa);  a.  tt.-^'pl  Xa, 
contr.  -pTO,  "pTO  w/«a£  M  tfus?,  ?<;^?  Targ.  I  Kings  I,  13 
■p  xa  (na)  (ed.  Lag.  pla ;  h.  text  5JTTO).  Targ.  Jer.  XII,  1. 
Targ.O. Gen.  XL,  7  (some  ed.  "p*  na);  a.  fr.— 2)  how!  lb. 
XXVIII,  17  (ed.  Berl.  xa,  oth.  ed.  a.  Y.  na). 

riTDJSD,  Pesik.  B.  s.  33  'a  1VS  1Tl»,  a  corruption, 

prob.  for  rwri«  mns  nnx,  v.  nix  n. 

"ISQ  m.  (b.  h.,  v.  Schr.  KAT2,  p.  564)  much;  (adv.) 
very.  Ber.  IX,  5  (ref.  to  "pxa  Deut.  VI,  5) .'.fften  ma  idd 
'a  'an  lb  rmo  nn  .  .  (Ms.  M.  a.  Y.  ed.  'a  'a;  Bab.  ed.  54a 
'a  'ad  omitted)  whatever  measure  he  may  measure  out 
to  thee,  give  thanks  to  him  very,  very  much.  Ab.  IV,  4 
'3}  i"in  'a  'a  be  exceedingly  lowly  in  mind  (humble). 

Dn"lHD  m.  (a^x)  the  planet  Mars.  Gen.R.  s.10.  Sabb. 
129b,  v.  XVlTI;  a.  e.T 

'  TT  ' 

1"0"l&tQ  scales,  v.  xnia. 

n^Z2  (b.  h.)  one  hundred.  Tosef.  Ber.  VII  (VI),  24 
mxa  'a  one  hundred  religious  acts.  lb.  8;  a.  v.  fr. — 
Pesik.Vattom.,p.l31bd,nii;  "i&n  'a  ninety-eight ; a.  fr.-Dtt. 
d^nxa.  Ex.  B.  s.  23;  Mekh.  B'shall.,  s.6.  Mace.  1,2.  Keth. 
I,  2,  v.  na^nS;  a.  fr.— PI.  nixa.   Mace.  23b;  a.  fr. 

PJtfQ  ch.  same.  Targ.  Gen.  V,  3,  sq. ; — Dw.'pHXa, 
ir«ta.TEzra  VI,  17.  — Targ.  Gen.  XXXII,  15;  a.  fr.  —  PL 
•plXa.  "jlXa,  XnilXa.  Targ.  II  Sam.  XVIII,  4  ed.  Lag.  (ed. 
•pxa;  corr.  ace).  Targ.  I  Sam.  XXIX,  2.  — Targ.  0.  Ex. 
XVIII,  21  Xnixa  ed.  Berl.  (oth.  ed.  '}Xa;  Y.'ViXa);— 
Y.  Kil.  IX,  S2b  bot.  'pais  'a  rtn  three  hundred  fasts;  Y. 
Keth.  XII,  35a  bot.  "jnxa  (corr.  ace).  Y.  Naz.  V,  end,  54b 
"jrvo  'a  nbn  three  hundred  Nazarites ;  'p3d"ip  'a  San  nine 
hundred  sacrifices;  (Y.  Ber.  VII,  llb  hot.;  Gen.  B.  s.  91 

nxa  n?n,  rata  sian);  a.  fr. 

iHSQ  V.01'  "&^?J  m.  (Arab,  mawz)  the  fruit  oftlie 
wild  Strawberry-tree  or  Arbutus  (v.  Low  Pfl.p.334;  Sm. 
Ant.  s.  v.  Arbutum). — 'a  "a  the  juice  of  the  wild  Straw- 
berry, used  for  adulterating  honey.  Koh.  B.  to  VI,  1 ;  IX, 
13  Var.  in  Lonzano  (ed.  OlKO,  D^xa,  D^Xa);  Tosef.B.Bath. 
V,  6  ",1Xa  ed.  Zuck.  (corr.  ace ;  Var.  fWO,  read :  fflSQ) ; 
Sifra  Vayikra,  Hoba,  Par.  12,  ch.  XXII;  Yalk.  Lev.  479 
"p^Sa  (corr.  ace). 

D1&W2,  Y.  Ab.Zar.  V,  44d  bot.  'ab=dlXaXP,  v.  D1XBX. 

"]j^Q,  v.  nxa.  — [Tosef.  B.  Bath.  V,  6  "pxa  ed.  Zuck., 
v.  ma.] 

DI^D  or  D1SD,  Koh.  R.  to  VI,  1 ;  IX,  13,  v.  MXa.— 
[Part.  pass,  of  dxa,  q.  v.] 

OWD,  HDIfctD,  v.  ckrto,  xoiXTO 

"lUSD  m.  (b.  h. ;  -fix)  1)  luminary,  light.  Ber.  VIII,  5 
Beth-Shammai  reads  U3Xn  Tixa  X"QO  (Blessed  be  &c.)who 
created  the  Ught  of  fire;  Beth  Hillel  ttixn  "nixa  x^ld  the 
Creator  of  the  lights  (colors)  of  fire.  Tosef.  ib.  VI  (V),  6 
they  differ  '=1  'an  bs  as  to  the  order  of  the  benedictions 
over  light  and  over  spices;  Ber.  52b;  Pes.  103a;  a.  fr. — 
D'W  'a  eye-sight.  Ib.  62b.  Y.  Taan.  IV,  68d  top.— Hag.  5b 
(euphem.)  Xin  d^3>  'ai  he  is  "blind  (cmp.  X'n'ins).— Ber. 
17a  niin  'ad  ....  "J^^S  may  thy  eyes  shine  through  the 
light  of  the  Law.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  CXIX,  135  d^S  'ad 
with  a  shining  face  (benevolence) ;  a.  fr.  —  PI.  mhixa ; 
constr.  "nixa.   Ber.  52b  TXS  C  'a  ndin  there  is  a  com- 




bination  of  lights  (colors)  in  the  artificial  light.  lb.  i:pV>B 
"mxal  "nxa  they  differ  as  to  (saying  in  the  benediction) 
maor  or  m'ore,  v.  supra.  Meg.  IV,  6  Y^a  'a  nx*i  X312J  ba 
he  who  has  never  seen  the  luminaries  (born  blind).  Ber. 
12a  (closing  formula  of  a  morning  benediction)  "tin  ""iSY1 
the  Creator  of  the  luminaries;  a.  fr. — 2)  light-hole,  open- 
ing, window.  Ohol.XIlI,l  nbTlPQ  'a  niBWrt  he  who  leaves 
an  opening  (in  the  wall)  from  the  start  (when  building). 
Tosef.ib.XIV,  l'ab  1XUJ5J1D  nns  an  opening  which  one  made 
to  serve  as  a  window ;  "ob  1B"<5.n  if  he  filled  the  window 
up.  Sabb.  XXIV,  5;  a.  fr. 

3?n"lS)!3  m.  (snx  I)  event,  occasion.  Sifre  Deut.  s.  1 ; 
Yalk.  ib.  792  'an  GU5  bv  lX*lpD  they  were  named  from  a 
certain  event  which  occurred  there.  Gen.  It.  s.  37,  end 
'an  Eiiab  pU3  pWWH3  Tft  they  passed  (invented)  names 
referring  to  events  (instead  of  to  genealogy).  Y.  Taan. 
I,  63d  bot.  'an  *tb  . . .  jtiin  *bb  according  to  the  season, 
according  to  the  needs  of  the  occasion.  Sabb.  24a  laiXl 
'an  "pra  and  insert  words  (in  the  prayer)  corresponding 
to  the  needs  of  the  occasion;  (Tosef.  Ber.  Ill,  10, sq.  snsia 
ed.  Zuck.,  Var.  SJIIxa);  a.  fr. 

■ptrmn,  fstSwn,v.^. 

J,  v.  ynsjva. 

D"0JSD,  D^3?SDm.du.  (b.h.;Tm)i)6afonces.  Ab. 
II,  8,  v.'C]3.  Pesik.  R*.  s.  20  'an  D.i*nptt3  l^ttJSa  his  deeds  are 
weighed  on  balances; — 2)  Libra,  a  sign  in  the  Zodiac. 
Ib.  Yalk.  Ex.  418;  a.  e. 

sSPSp,  12  m.  collect,  n.  (^nx)  harmonious  singers, 
chorus. TTarg.  II  Esth.  I,  2,  beg.  '31  STf*!  'a  -px  (Var.  "px 
2"Wi  mia)  like  a  chorus  that  renders  praise  &c. 

S^mSQ,  v.  xnna. 

T  T  t'  t  -:  - 

"i;inSQ"m.  (nnx;  cmp.  "*TO)  ■"'"fftHJ,  seam  made  by 
stitching  together  the  rents  of  a  garment  after  mourning 
time.  Treat.  S'mah.  ch.  IX. 

"'SIj  (=  ^n  xa)  what?;  why?  Ber.  2a  'ai  *m  X3S5  'a 
what  does  the  change  in  putting  evening  before  morning 
mean  ?,  i.  e.  why  does  the  redactor  of  the  Mishnah  put 
&c?  Ib.  '31  ixm  ifcttaail  and  whence  is  it  proven  that  this 
&c.?— Ib.b  inai  'al  and  what  does  v'taher  mean?  Ib.  'a 
"laiXl  why  this  v'omer,  i.  e.  why  is  another  citation  re- 
quired? Ib.  3b,  a.  fr.  1&6  'a,  v.  166.  Ib.,  a.  fr.  XaS»  'a,  v. 
Xasa.  Hull.  107b  Tl  'a... MIS  "31  and  even  if  one  touch 

T  -j  _ 

the  other,  what  of  it?  Ib.  'ax,  v.  iJOttt  Gitt.  56b  XHVlOX 
X">n  'a... those  remedies  (mentioned  before)  which  cured 
B.Z.—  what  are  they?  Pes.  3b  ",apn  Wl  'a  what  does  this 
(case)  before  us  mean?  Snh.  39a  ^Xn  'a  what  does  this 
(sigh)  mean? — Pes.  9a,  a.  fr.  'a  ^xn,  v.  TRhj  a.  v.  fr. — In 
Talm.  Y.  also  To,  ^a.  Y.  Ber.  VI,  10b;  ib.  Ill,  6b  bot.,  v. 
yria;  a.  fr. 

D"1^,  v.  Xa.   [Koh.  R.  to  VI,  1;  IX,  13,  v.  WXa.] 

"j"SQ  m.  pl.=T«a,  water.  Targ.  H  Chr. XXXII,  4;  a.e. 

yiDnSD,  Pesik.  B.  s.  33  'a  laix  +  '"i  (Y.  Sabb.  II,  4a 
bot.  YBPH&),  corrupt,  of  yPVMP,  v.  "p3">*jbx. 

DnSQ,  Koh.  B.  to  VI,  1 ;  IX,  13,  v.  tixa. 

D  SS/Q  (v.  OXa)  to  be  sticky,  soiled;  to  be  repulsive 
(cmp.&Vn).  Targ.  Ps.  XXXVIII,  6  (Ms.  TOa^X,  v.  *??).— 
B.  Kam.  18a  XWVa  'til  (not  blNal),  v.  Wl— Part.  OTfcO. 
Targ.  Ps.  LVIII,  9  (ed.  Wil.  DXa,  read  OXa).— Keth.  68° 
*b$  'a  he  is  repulsive  to  me.  Yoma  63b  'tit  UWO  because 
it  is  offensive  (on  account  of  blemishes).— Ber.  50b  ifa 
'a  xVr  Ms.  M.  (ed.  O^xaa)  something  which  is  not  sticky 
(the  handling  of  which  does  not  create  aversion) ;  a.  e. — 
PI.  "pD^Xa,  i&itoi.  Targ.  Y.  Deut. XXVIII,  13  (opp.'pVjria).— 
Yeb.  100a  "til  ailtta  because  they  (tbe  uncircumcised  and 
the  unclean)  are  rejected  on  account  of  their  physical 
condition;  a.  e.— Lam.  R.  to  111,45  (transl.  Oixal  ^nc,  ib.) 
X^GB  x^bXa  loathsome,  outcasts,  v.  X^"GB. 

Ithpe.  G^xax  to  become  repulsive,  to  decay.  Ber.  50  ',v. 
supra.  Pes.  28a  Dixaa1!  pan  Ms.  M.  1  (Ms.  M.  2  O^Xa"!; 
ed.  Caal)  leavened  matter  which  decays  in  course  of 
time;  ib.  Cnxaa  nbi  X"3>  Ms.  M.  1  (Ms.  M.  2  nO^Xa;  ed. 
n&psa,  v.  Rabb.D.  S.  a.  l.note)  an  idolatrous  object  which 
is  not  subject  to  decay. 

nD"1ff>Q  f.  (bXa)  rejection,  contempt;  use  of  the  verb 
DXa.  Lam.'R.  toV,  20 ;  Pesik. R.  s.31 ;  Yalk.  Is.  332.  Lam. 
R.  to  V,  22  (ref.  to  t>Xa  ib.)  'ai  tjd  ton  rrb  'a  QX  if  it 
be  a  rejection,  there  is  no  hope  (of  a  reconciliation),  but 
if  it  be  anger,  there  is  hope. 

Sri':l&"llSD  f.  (o^xa)  repulsiveness.  Men.  69a  'a  BiiDa 
'31  iin^MDiXaV  XT?X .  . .  Xin  Ms.  R.  (ed.  xmb^Xai)  is  it  on 
account  of  repulsiveness  (that  they  must  not  be  used  for 
offerings),  and  when  they  have  been  sown,  their  repul- 
sivenesswis  gone,  or  &c.  ? 

I  'CyJ  pr.  n.  m.  Me'ir,  esp.  R.  M.,  a  renowned  Tannai, 
disciple  of  R.  Akiba  and  of  Elisha  ben  Abuya  (v.  Pr. 
Darkhe  Mish.,  p.  154,  a.  SE^px).  Erub.  13b  laffl  'a  "1  nb 
lattJ  XttJ^a  '"i  xbx  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  his  name  was 
not  R.  M.  but  R.  Maysha.  Hor.  13b,  v.  "inx.  Gen.  R.  s.  9, 
a.  fr.  'a  '1  bttJ  VhVa  in  R.  M.'s  copy  of  the  Pentateuch. 
Hull.  IV,  4;  a.  v.  fr. 

iTPKH,  Kfrmn,  v.  sub  -m. 

t     ••    :  t  :      ••   :  " 


n^SD,  v.  ma. 
•J«n,  v.  qn. 

n^Q  ch.  (v.  T^a)  to  sink;  to  be  humbled.  Targ.  Jud. 
VI,  6.  Targ.  Is.  II,  9.  Ib.  XXV,  5  VDXa1:  (ed.  Ven.  V];  ed. 
Wil.  ",1DXa"i,  corr.  ace).   Ib.  XXIX,  4;  a.  fr. 

Af.  Tpxax  1)  to  lower,  humble.  Ib.  LI,  23;  a.  fr.— Targ. 
Ps.  XLIV,  20  'axax  Ms.  (ed.  '=ax,  v.  ^a).— 2)  to  lower 
one's  self,  bow  down.  Targ.  Is.  1.  c. 

Pa.TpXp,,^Xa  to  lower,  humble.  Ib.XXV,  5.  Ib.XXVI,  5 
Levita  (ed.^ ' Af.).  Targ.  Job  XVII,  13.  Targ.  Ps.CXL VII,  6 




Ms.(ed.7,'VS3,v.7|=,2).  Targ.  Prov.  XXIX,  11  ed^Til.  [read :] 
—  n-:  lowers  it  (appeases  the  fool's  anger),  v.  3KJn. 

&CSE,  V.K30. 

T  T  «    T 

nbiDl$23  f.  (b?X)  1)  fouse.  Nidd.l4a.  lb.  52b.  Tosef.  Sabb. 
XVI  (XVII),  21 ;  Sabb.  12a;  a.  fr.— P/.  niblSXO.  Y.  Nidd. 
II,  49(1  bot.  (ed.  Krot.  sing.).— 2)  wood-xcorm. —  PL  as  ab. 
Y.  Taan.  IV,  69c  "2  'ptftg  "px  do  not  produce  worms  (are 

never  worm-eaten);  Lam.  R.  introd.  (R.  Z'era)  rb 


^DSI2  m.  (b.  h.;  b2X)  food;  meal;  meal-time.   Sabb. 

10a;  Pes.  12b  On*  b2X*:'  v.  O^b.    Ber.  40a  "IS 11DX 

UTttSTai  -  "jrv«a3  a  person  is  forbidden  to  eat  before  giving 
food  to  bis  animal.  Taan.  20a  DlX  '3  food  fit  for  human 
beings;  a.  fr.— [Y.Hag.  H,  end,  78c  PfBO  ^EX  '3  "«,  read  : 
r-s:  -£X  bi-.  "rx,  v.  ba\]  —  PI.  nibaxo.  Gen.  R.  s.  20 
=-xr  '3  b="X  WTMB  that  thou  shouldst  eat  food  like  human 
beings;  (Tosef.  Sot.  IV,  17  B'O'WO,  Var.  BTW  bsxa). 

n>»SD  f.  (b.  h.;  b2X)  [preparing  food,]  slaughter- 
ing knifed  Gen.R.  s.  56,  v.  "IWBL  Pirke  d'R.  El.  ch.  XXXI. 
Pesik.  R.  s.  40.  Gen.  R.  1.  c.  tm  nniX  man  through  the 
merit  of  (taking  up)  that  knife  (Gen.  XXII,  10). 

"ODDNQ,  Targ.  Prov.  XXIV,  25,  v.  bO^JO. 

Jtf^Sp,  m.  (bbx)  spy.— PI.  *£&*»,  T^w?-  TarS- 
Josh,  H,  1.  'Targ.  0.  Num.  XXI,  2;  a.  fr. 

jUtXQ,  Tosef.  Maasr.  I,  7  ed.  Zuck.,  v.  h^z. 

HENS  m.  (b.  h.;  *iox)  1)  command,  order.  Ab.  V,  1 
'21  inx  TO  xbril  could  not  the  universe  have  been  created 
by  one  divine  command?— Meg.  21b ;  R.  Hash.  32a  rTflWlQ 
X"-  '~  TOO  the  first  verse  of  Genesis  is  also  to  be  consider- 
ed a  command.  Gen.  R.  s.  4  *XQ  n">lbn . . .  BT2ri  the  upper 
waters  are  suspended  (in  the  air)  by  a  divine  ordain- 
ment;  Taan.  10a.— Sabb.  63a  PT3X33  fiiso  MTMl  who 
executes  a  divine  command  as  it  has  been  ordained;  a. 
e.  —  Pl.  tVftOKO.  Ab.  1.  c.  'Bl  "a  nittwa  the  world  was 
created  by  ten  divine  orders  (counting  nine  "i-X"Yin  Gen. 
ch.I,  and  the  first  verse,  v.  supra). — 2)  word,  esp.  madmar, 
the  Tabam's  betrothal  (v.  33^)  by  word  of  mouth,  con- 
trad,  to  the  consummation  of  marriage  (i"iX").  Yeb.  II,  1 
10  H3  rTBJB  if  he  betrothed  her  to  himself;  Y.  ib.  3C  TO 
'z'  la  x*n  what  is  a  madtnar  with  regard  to  a  Y'bamah'i 
Saying,  'Be  betrothed  unto  me',  while  handing  to  her 
money  or  money's  worth,  lb.  "raia  "a  betrothal  consum- 
mates the  yabam's  marriage  (carrying  with  it  all  the  legal 
consequences  of  his  marriage),  v.  "T25;  a.  v.  fr. 

S""i72&^3,  constr."3Xa  ch.  same,  word,  sentence.  Targ. 
Prov/xVl,  24.  Targ.  Cant.  V,  13;  a.  e.—Pl.  X^EX-?,  constr. 
■noao.  Targ.  Prov.  IV,  5  (ed.  Lag.  -»  t1*?&ay. 

"jS/!2,  Pi.  "X-:,  T#B  (b.  h.;  v.  "jix)  to  deny,  refuse,  eep. 
1)  (of  a  woman  betrothed  in  childhood,  on  arriving  at 
majority)  to  protest  against,  to  annul  one's  marriage. 
Yeb.  XIII,  1  rnOIIX  xbx  fSKSB  "px  only  betrothed  (not 

married)  women  may  have  their  obligation  cancelled.  Ib. 
'21  rnap  X*rr,  ftBttsa  she  may  protest  (have  her  marriage 
cancelled)  even  while  yet  a  minor,  and  even  four  or  five 
times  in  succession.  Ib.  2  •xob  n3"nsE . . .  TPX  what  minor 
is  bound  to  make  declaration  (before  leaving  her  husband)? 
— Ib^^l  2TX3  n3X33H  if  a  woman  refuses  her  husband 
by  declaration,  he  is  permitted  to  marry  her  kindred  (who 
otherwise  would  be  forbidden  to  him);  a.  v.  fr.  —  2)  to 
advise  a  protest.  Eduy.  VI,  1  '2*  z'lX'C"'^  that  the  court 
eventually  advises  women  married  as  minors  to  protest ; 
Nidd.  8a;  Ber.  27a.— V.  ftKTO. 

1SQ  (cmp. X3)  who?,  what?,tchich?;  (relat.) who,which. 
[Targ.  •,■?.]  Sabb.  57a,  a.  fr.  '=1  "Ol  "a,  v.  1311.  Yeb.  107b 
",b  VTlM  xb  '3  who  is  meant  by  'they  did  not  agree  with 
him'?  Ib.,  a.  fr.  X3J"i  '3  who  is  the  authority  for  the  law 
just  quoted?,  i.  e.  whose  opinion  is  here  represented? — 
Hull.  50a  *Tl  '3  "13X  somebody  said;  Bets.  27a;  M.  Kat. 
22a;  (Nidd.  48a  K"m  I).  Y.  Kil.  IX,  32b  Ol  T»  '3  ^TH  plB 
go  out  and  see  who  it  is  that  wants  thee  outside  (an  in- 
timation of  a  teacher's  displeasure) ;  Gen.  R.  s.  33  (some 
ed.  yc).  Ber.  30b;  Hull.  7a  '31  X133  '73  Tn  see  how  great 
a  man  gives  testimony  about  him.  Y.  Maas.  Sh.  H,  53b 
bot.  '21  "fJUWI  '3  according  to  him  who  says  &c;  a.  v. 
fr.— V.  TO. 

]ND,"jNE,  fcOXE,  ]12,  #712  m.  (v.preced.)  [thing,] 
1)  vessel,  utensil.  Targes.  II,  9.T  Targ.  Lev.  XI,  33;  a.  fr. 
(interch.  with  "jO,  ',3).— B.  Kam.  17b  "On  XTOn  'O  it  was 
a  broken  vessel  he  broke.  Ib.^bTX'o  inn  ira  we  judge  by 
the  final  cause  by  which  the  vessel  was  broken;  a.v.  fr.— PL 
■-:x-9,X^:X3,i:xr,':3.  Targ.Ex.XI,2;— Sabb.l05b13n 
"'"Pan '3  broke  broken  vessels  (pretending  to  be  angry);  a.  fr. 
-2)  (cmp.  "<b3) garment,  dress.  Ib.  I13b ;  Snh.  94arr:X3b  -np 
'21  called  his  dress  (garments)  &c,  v.  1331;  B.  Kam.91b 
■:X3b  (corr.  ace;  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.).— B.  Mets.  47a  '33 
iTVifSpA  ~-Z~  (symbolical  possession  has  been  given)  by 
means  of  a  garment  fit  for  the  purpose ;  a.  fr. — PL  as  ab. 
Ber.  6a.  Y.Kil.  IX,  32b  top;  Y.Keth.XH,  35atop  ••i:XT2,  v. 
viz:  a.  fr.— 3)  (=h.  ",p:p)  [handle,]  coulter  of  the  plough. 
B.  Mets.  80a. 

DfctE  (b.  h. ;  cmp.  DOB)  [to  melt,  faint,]  (with  3)  to  be 
tired  of,  loathe;  (with  accus.)  to  cast  away,  reject.  Ber.  8a 
'31  inbsra  0X13  rVapn  "px  the  Lord  never  tires  of  the 
prayer  of  assemblies.  Sifra  B'huck.  ch.  Ill,  Par.  2  0X13 
ennxa  despises  others  (for  being  his  betters);  (ib.  0X13 
O^IHX,  corr.  ace.).  Tanh.Mishp.  11'2T|CXE  "02  their  god  has 
rejected  them;  Ex.  R.  s.  31.  Ib.  '31  nD£QV  r*"2X  is  it  true 
that  thou  hast  rejected  thy  son?;  a.  fr.— Part.  pass.  OWO, 
f.  riOM»;  pi.  313:1x3,  "C5X-3;  tV&tXq.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps. 
LXXV,9  (play  on  CE2,  Deut.  XXXTI,  34)  3^31X3?  0133 
reserved  for  the  rejected  (nations;  differ,  in  Sifre  Deut. 
324).  Der.  Er.  ch.  II  Utl'tfWl  '3H  those  who  are  despised 
in  their  own  eyes  (think  little  of  themselves);  a.  e. 

Nif.  0X33  to  be  repulsive,  loathsome;  to  be  rejected. 
Sifra  B'huck.  Par.  2,  ch.VIH  (ref.  to  Lev.  XXVI,  44) . . .  "Oi 
lbrJ3  xbri  ^OX-;:  xbSJ  . .  what  has  been  left  to  them  so 
that  (it  might  be  said)  they  were  not  cast  away  and 
loathed?;  Yalk.  Lev.  675  (corr.  ace).  Hag.  5a  W  and  be- 




comes  loathsome  (creates  aversion  to  his  neighbor). — 
V.  Cl&Oa. 

DSD  ch.  same.    Targ.  Y.  Lev.  XXVI,  44;  a.  e.— V. 


Ithpa.  cxarx  to  melt,  faint.  Targ.  Ps.  LVIII,  8  Ms. 
(ed.  "JIOarYi).  * 

Ithpe.  B'SWK,  v.  O^xa. 

US$12  m.  (preced.)  rejection,  contempt.  Lam.  R.  introd. 
(R.  Abba  2)  niin  itt)  noxa  the  contempt  of  the  Law;  (Y. 
Hag.  I,  76°  mva  DDSaisS). 

NGS£  m.  (TOt)  /«eafer.  Targ.  Job  XXXI,  18  Var.  Ms. 
(ed.  N2X2,'Ms.  1*2X2).— PI.  pWtt,  constr.  ">5>;*a.  lb.  XIII,  4 

■naws  (not  ^*wap). 

nososs,  v.  xoxB??. 

T     ~      •       T  T     -     •       T  '    I 

^nwEDsn,  v.  tot*?* 

rtSS/2  f.  (b.  h.;  liSX)  something  baked,  batch.  Men. 

v,  9  riBiD  nsxa,  v.  nwa.  Erub.  vn,  10  swn  nxo  'a  'ibk 

HD11B  even  a  batch  of  a  S'ah  but  consisting  of  broken 
pieces;  Y.  ib.  VI,  23d  top.  Ab.  Zar.  35b,  v.  "^IIB. 

"£SQ  ch.  same.  Targ.  0.  Lev.  II,  4  ed.  Berl.  (oth.ed. 

ns  . .,  ns  . .). 

^DS/G  m.  (b.  h.;  ^BS)  darkness.  Tanh.  B'midb.  2  &6 
Erbsxa  ...  "OX  did  I  not  myself  illumine  your  darkness? 

rn>SfNQ  f.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  1)  darkness,  gloom.  Yalk. 
Jer.  267  (ref.  to  Jer.  II,  31)  'a  p»  SMI  ITIfcO  XMUJ . .  XaU3 
did  I  tell  them  that  it  was  a  beautiful  land,  and  it  was 
a  land  of  gloom? — 2)  (homil.)  lateness,  procrastination. 
Ib/21  XattJ  hi^ttW  X"1(corr.  ace.)  another  interpretation; 
did  I  promise  to  bring  you  good  things  and  procrastinate 
it?  rrop'bn  fltA  s6x  'a  "pNI,  v.  fitter?;  Tanh.  B'midb.  2; 
Mase  9;  Num.  R.  s.  1 ;  s.  23;  Yalk.  Num.  683. 

"18J0,  SIKH  for*  v. -in  IV. 

T  T  T  ' 

P~  sKQ,  "sv2  f-  (*>•  n« ;  "™)  cwrse,  ew7;  decrease,  de- 
struction, opp.  PO^S.  Ber.  20b  '31  'a  son  curse  (poverty) 
will  come  upon  him  &c. ;  Y.  Dem.  II,  22d  bot.;  Y.  Peah 
V,  end,  19a.  Y.  Snh.  X,  28b;  ib.  29d  'a  fha  tt&ta  (not 
n^bt'1)  curse  (poverty)  was  given  power  over  them.  Tanh. 
B'resh.  11  'a^>  niT^la  13X  na  why  should  we  give  birth 
for  curse  (to  see  our  offspring  perish)?;  Gen.  R.  s.  23.  Ib. 
s.  34.— Sifra  Thazr.,  Par.  5,  ch.  XIV  (ref.  to  mxaa,  Lev. 
XIII,  51)  Ol  'a  12  *,n  put  a  curse  on  it  (the  garment) 
that  no  use  be  made  thereof.  Bets.  15b  "a  "^S2  l^>bn  these 
(being  the  last  to  leave)  are  poor  men.  Tosef.  Kidd.  1,11 
'a  nb  snn  (Var.  Xlia)  she  will  be  cursed;  a.  ir.  —  Pl. 
rvhxa,  "WX  Tosef.  B.  Bath.  VI,  2  ftvub  'a  TOS  (ed.  Zuck. 
ftX'tib  D"na)  ten  spoiled  (bitter)  pumpkins  out  of  each 

nSTIND  f.  (cp»,  dial,  for  Cp»  or  tpn ;  v.  ?iB*aa  a. 

nsinn)  shovel,  rake.— PI.  niBllNa.  Shebi.  V,  4  ed.  (Ms.  M. 


"HSQ  pr.  n.  m.,  v.  *na. 

SDn"lSD  m.  (D1K)  =  Xt)^6t,  tenant.  Lev.  R.  s.  5,  end 

T       •   -:    -  \     -  -./  t     •  -:' 

nin  821:  'a  *m  David  was  a  smart  tenant  (that  knows 
how  to  persuade  the  landlord  to  reduce  the  rent). 

"JDIIKQ  =  -,D-1N  na.  Mekh.  B'shall.,  Vayassa,  s.  1,  v. 

•  ™)SD  m.  (3nx  I,  v.  snixa)  that  which  is  struck  against, 
object  of  attack,  mark.   Targ.  Job  VII,  20  (h.  text  3>5,Sa). 

S2HMD,  N3T15?D,  constr.  snxa/Na.'Sa,  'a  m.(3nxil) 

tSt:  t    :  t    :  -  t  T'   -  T»    -  i  '  x    -  -:      ' 

anp  'a  holy  convocation,  festival.  Targ.  O.  Lev.  XXIII, 
3;  8  'sa,  tfa  ed.  Berl.  (oth.  ed.  '?a);  Y.  'WO;  a.  fr.  —  PL 
constr.  W*9i  '??•  Ib.  4;  a.  fr. 

■tfKQ,  v.-vaa. 
SinSD  fowm,  v.  ana. 

T  T  T  T 

ypMO,  l^Q,  v.nxa. 
W»Sa,  v.  wm 

T  T     -  t      •    : 

5S«Ou>  ""5-lZJ  pr.  n.m.  Mabgay,  a  Samaritan  name. 
Mace.  lia;  Gen.R.s.80  (NKtta),  v.  in.— Erub.64b;  Tosef. 
Pes.  I  (II),  27  isaitf  'a  my  name  is  M. 

CSJprQu  m.  (nn2)  causing  shame,  degenerate.  Targ. 
Prov.TX,  5;  XVII,  2;  a.  e. 

S"DQ,  pi.  rviisiaa,  v.  itas. 

r       r  : '  t 

n^IDD  m.  ch.=  h.  iba.  Erub.  15a.    B.Bath.  21b  12 

T  T 

'a  the  inmate  (of  a  building)  in  an  alley.  Keth.  77"  SMn 
'a  (fem.). 

X0,12  pr.  n.  m.  Mabog.    Zeb.  9b. 

I  jD  m.  (b.  h.  X12a ;  K12)  entrance,  gate,  esp.  entrance 
fo  a  group  of  buildings,  alley,  lane.  Erub.  I,  1  KinttJ  'a 
'31 ITDU  an  entrance  the  joist  over  which  lies  higher  than 
&c.  Ib.  8b  \na  rnUSM  'a  an  alley  formed  like  a  polyp 
(with  side  entrances  beside  the  main  gateway).  Tosef. 
ib.  I,  2  nnS  mis  1*s  uriD  'a  an  alley  which  has  the  shape 
of  a  gate  (archway) ;  a.  fr.  —PI.  nitfina  (fern.).  B.  Bath. 
21b  'a  i»  inmates  of  the  same  alley.  Y.  Ber.  II,  4b  top 
rVttffttan  'a  filthy  alleys  ;  a.  fr. 

51SQ  m.  (b.h.;b33;  v.Friedr.Del.Proleg.,p.l22)Jecrty, 
destruction.  Gen.  R.  s.  1 00  'an  ^DSa  in  order  to  accelerate  the 
decay  (of  my  body  in  the  ground;  Midr.  Haggad.  ^man). 
Snh.  108b  UK  bU5  'a  a  destruction  by  fire;  d*vo  hw  'a  by 
water ;  Gen.  R.  s.  39.  Tosef.  Taan.  Ill  (II),  1 11232  *jD  VttJ  'a  a 
destruction  of  all  flesh  (flood,  Gen.  IX,  11) ;  11132  \>W  'a  ed. 
Zuck.  (Var.  DiW  ^>U3  'a)  of  individuals;  ib.  1^12a  Kin  W 




this  (drowning)  is  his  mabbul  (v.  infra);  131  bUJ  'a  an  epi- 
demic.— Esp.  ('-it)  Me  flood  of  Noah's  days.  Snh.  X,  3,  v. 
Tin.  Gen.  R.  s.  31  'an  "H2J3K  the  men  of  the  flood-period; 
a.  v.  fr. 

X^llSQ  ch.  same.  Targ.  Hab.  Ill,  6;  a.  e.—  Gen.  R.  s. 
33  'aa  .  .  .  HE3  X?  Palestine  was  not  submerged  during 
the  flood ;  Cant.  R.  to  IV,  1.  Gen.  R.  s.  32,  v.  Spa  ch. ;  a.  fr. 

S^SQ  m.  (b.  h.;  3>33)  weW,  spring.  Koh.  R.  to  XII,  7 
(ref.  to  Koh.  ib.  6)  *3l  §SQp  b3>  . .  .  bm  TX3  the  (drawing) 
pitcber  of  Barukh  over  the  well  (of  prophecy)  of  Jere- 
miah :  -1-13  bttJ  isiaa  to  . . .  «3  the  (pouring)  pitcher  of 
Jeremiah  over  the  well  (of  inspiration)  of  Barukh;  Lam. 
R.  introd.  (R.  Josh.  2).— PL  d'WSO.'J'WSig.  Mekh.B'shall., 
Vayassa,  s.  1 ;  Yalk.  Ex.  257  ;  a.  e. 

91 SE,  NSjlilQ  ch.  same.  Targ.  Jer.  XVIII,  14  (ed. 
Wil.  *WXQ  pi.).  Targ.  Prov.  XIV,  27;  a.  e.— Y.  Ab.  Zar. 
V,  44d  '31  'a  Xrt  the  well  is  before  thee,  drink !  (i.  e.  do 
what  you  please,  I  shall  not  assist  you).  T.  Dem.  I,  22a 
top  '31  "^33  I"Hb  our  well  does  not  supply  us. — PI.  y,>!l33, 
■Wfig.  Targ.  0.  Ex.  XV,  27.  Targ.  Is.  XLIX,  10;  a.  e.,  v. 
supra.— [Targ.  Ps.  CIV,  6  'pSiaa  Ms.,  v.  »St3a.] 

STEQ  m.  (v.  »"ja«)  ferry-man.  Huh.  94a  yniaa  (not 
iTniaa)  our  ferry-man,  v.  O*1!?  ch. 

S^OQ  m.  (513)  shred  of  a  garment.— PI.  pSJWM?.  Targ. 

Ps.  civ,  6 "(Ms.  "pwao). 

fcO"QO  m.  (=  WOba;  b  rejected  as  in  fipa,  fr.  Hpb, 
cmp/iO^Ga  fr.  pD3;  v.  ',3b  H)  broom.  Targ.  Is.  XIV,  23 
(some  ed.  incorr.  '33).— Gen.  R.  s.  79  end  b"WBK  malK 
'31  .pi/taj  ^b  (not  "]",>1333,  -p333)  wanted  to  say,  Lend  me 
thy  broom,  and  she  said,  Lend  me  TpttKBa ;  [Y.  Meg.  II,  73a 
bot.  nsiabx ;  correct  etymol.  s.  v.  Kpabst]. 

atrbsfan,  v.baba. 

t     ■    :    :   -    :  ••  ••- 

HFlSf^DQ  f.  (sba)  the  uppermost  part  of  the  gullet. 
Hull.43b,  expl.  31Blin  yVWn. 

SD*'D  JD  pr.  n.  m.  Mabsima.   Y.  Maasr.  V,  end,  52a 

'3  "13  EH33." 

"j*tDD2D  Ar.,  v.  tmcmo. 

S31D2Q  m.  (Ida  I)  despiser;  haughty.— RlllKnqxq. 
Targ.Ys.LXVIII,  17.'  Ib.  CXXIII,  4. 

5§a  ^nqCna),v.s?3. 

TV212,  v.  H53. 

"V2Z1Q,  v.  isa.  [Tosef.  B.  Kam.  IX,  1  TWam,  read 
with  ed."  Zuck.  nS33!Tl.] 

X"QQ  m.  (=  snaa>a  ;  -OS)  ferry,  ford,  crossing  board. 
Hull.  94*  '33  -135  was  crossing  on  a  ferry-boat;  Keth.  105b 

'03  -OS  on  aboard  (cmp.  vbvl).  Hull.  95*  '31  '33 3TH tVf\ 
was  sitting  by  the  ford  of  &c,  v.  n^OfMITK.  Ib.b  'aapina 
made  the  readiness  of  a  ferry-boat  a  foreboding  test 
(whether  it  was  auspicious  to  undertake  the  journey). 

fllj  J-iZJ  f.  (rrna)  a  woman  making  an  assignment 
before  marrying  in  order  to  exclude  her  husband  from 
the  right  of  inheritance.  Keth.  79*  '3  "ibid  the  document 
of  assignment.  B.  Bath.  150b  '31  ns^is  'a  a  mabrahath 
must  assign  all  her  belongings.  Ib.  151a  i3p  '3  (sub.  1I31I3) 
an  assignment  of  a  woman  &c.  gives  possession  to  the 
assignee  (although  it  is  merely  formal) ;  a.  e. 

"TOE  C^D)  f.  (inf.  Af.  of  &03)  strengthening  food 
(v.  ffiffiri),  Targ.  Ps.  XLII,  4  (ed*  Wil.  'a). 

^"QH,  Y.  Hall.  I,  58a  top,  ed.  Krot.,  v.  "p-Qa. 

CTVU  J JU  pr.  n.  pi.  (v.  next  w.)  Mabrakhta,  a  caravan 
station  and  market  near  Mahoza.  Erub.  47b  'ab  1DSH  ^isl 
rams  that  came  to  M.  (on  a  Holy  Day).  Ib.  'a  "03  the 
inhabitants  of  M.;  ib.  «lb.   Keth.  10a  v.  »an. 

J"!frD"QD  (KfiDH3G)f.  (?pft;  cmp.Gen.XIV.ll)  a 
caravan  (of  camels).  Y.  Keth.  XIII, 35d  top  maia»  firPH  'a 
a  caravan  passed  (Shiloh);  Y.  Sot.  I,  17a  top;  Gen.  R.  s. 

85  sail)  -iK33 ...  'a. 

sSJ  IptJ  J/2  m.  (ip^a)  [what  is  knoion  by  searching,'] 
innermost, true  nature  (corresp.  to  b.  h.  "iptn).— PL  ijnpisaa. 
Targ.  Job  XXXVII,  16  (h.  text  liabfia,  cmp.'"ttJbB  I). 

SrQO,  SWriDH  f.  (WB)  night-lodging.  Targ.  Jer. 
XIV,  8  Isome  ed.  Straa).  Targ.  Is.  I,  8  '3  bd15>  (ed.  Wil. 
NfWiaa,  coir,  ace;  RegiaWflPi33;  some  ed.  '23,  corr. ace.) 
the  hammock  for  night-lodging  (h.  text  ttSlba). — 'a  rva 
pa)  lodging  place.  Targ.  Gen.  XLII,  27;  a.  e.— Targ.  Jer. 
IX,  l  nnaa  (nnaa,  constr.). 

&IMJD,  v.  Kaaa. 

T        T    :  tt  : 

fcCfcWE,  V.  83533. 

T       T    -  tt:  - 

"VSJtJ  v.  ^aaa. 

HSJS  f.  (naa)  collection.  Y.  Keth.  IX,  33b  bot.;  Y. 
Gitt.  V,'  46d  top^lbn  lain  'aa  it  (the  widow's  right  of 
alimentation)  depends  on  (ceases  with)  the  collection  of 
her  widowhood;  Y.  Shebu.  V,  36b  bot.  — Y.  Meg.  I,  70b 
bot.;  B.  Mets.  78b,  106b;  '31  d'niB  KgXQ  the  collection  for 
Purim  must  be  given  to  the  poor  for  the  Purim  festival; 
Tosef.  Meg.  I,  5  rnasa.  Lb.  "rWl  n^aaa  what  has  been 
collected  in  one  town.  Lev.  R.  s.  5  d^asnb  fipIS  n333  pd3> 
the  business  of  collecting  contributions  for  the  mainte- 
nance of  students;  Esth.  R.  to  I,  4  dTosn  1135.3. 

fcTDji/Q,  &t"p3  m.  (353;  cmp.  Syr.  8^333  coagulum, 
P.  Sm.*200l)  [astringent,]  alunt.—xb'V  'a  ('a)  (v.  Stb*>SH) 
liquid  alum.  Sabb.  110a  (in  a  prescription)  'a  SOI.  bpna 
'a  Ar.  (ed.  BTCtt,  Ms.  M.  only  *&»;  Ms.  O.  ^333)  alum  of 
the  weight  of  a  Zuz.  Men.  42b  bot.  Stb^a  'a  (Ms.  R.  2  toba, 
v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  8). 





nmSQ  pr.  n.  m.  Magbilah.  Y.  Ber.  Ill,  6B  bot.  'a 
yhb  13  XSiT'll  THS;  Y.  Naz.  VII,  56a  IfVttt;  Pesik.  R.  8. 
33  a^ax,  ItrteM  (corr.  ace). 

rPMD,  v.  nssa. 

XrP2MD  f.  (dial,  for  WV-DJra;  5)53;  cmp.  Sam.  Vfte, 
Lev.  XIX,' 14,  a.  "QIC  Ex.  XXIII,  33;  v.  Frankel  Zeitschr. 
f.  Assyriol.,  April  1894,  p.  3)  stumbling  block.  Targ.  Is. 
Ill,  6  (h.  text  nbu»a). 

«"»""2  m.  (v.  next  w.)  megeg,  a  species  of  reed.  Par. 
Ill,  9 ;  Tosef.  ib.  Ill  (II),  9 ;  'a  bttJ  ban  a  rope  made  of  m. ; 
Erub.  58a. 

JU^  (cmp.  Ma)  to  so/iten,  dissolve,  steep.  Y.  Maas.  Sh. 
II,  53c  top  nistaa  dl'O  53/ia  you  may  steep  (fenugrec  in 
a  lotion)  with  levitically  unclean  hands. 

Hithpalp.  aaaann  to  6e  dissolved,  melt.  Pesik.  R.  s.  21 
(ref.  to  Dijnaa,  Ps.  LXXV,  4)  *pfv\  saaana  abisn  n-n  rtas 

the  world  would  have  gone  on  melting  away;  Cant.  R. 

to  VII,  i  aaaana  (transpos.). 

XH2  ch.,  v.  Ma  ch. 

SJ1JQ  m.  (preced.)  solution,  maceration. — PL  "'iaa. 
Pes.  loV'a  l&i*>n  13  tra"^  Ar.(ed.  "03B,  Ms.M."03!K;  Ms. 
M.  2  ilWO;  Ms.O.  "OfcOa)  a  date  beer  of  thirteen  solutions 
(the  same  water  poured  over  thirteen  basins  of  crushed 
dates  in  succession). 

1XD  m.  (b.  h.;  115,  as  laa  fr.  Iftaj  cmp.  la  fortune) 
[allotted  gift,]  precious  goods,  esp.  fine  fruit. — PL  tiPHtyi. 
Sabb.  127b  'a  "VB  all  sorts  of  delicacies. 

fcvTJQ,  X2,  Jpl2  I  ch.  same,  precious  ware,  fine 
fruit— PL  ywo,  S^iaa,  '•■6a,  'J.ia.  Targ.  Job  IX,  26.  Targ. 
Y.  Ex.  XV,  19'.  Targ.  Y.  Deut'.  XXVIII,  23.  Ib.  XXXIII, 
13,  sq.,  v.  "pS^a.  [Targ.  Y.  I  Num.  XXII,  7  -paCHpl  fHfti 
jewels  of  divination  (?) ;  Y.  II  fro*  letters.']— Men.  43b 
iiaai  "paiSO"1**  spices  and  choice  fruits. 

fc^JQ,  JPQ  II  f.  (133),  constr.  tVJttfc,  guidance,  lead- 
ing string.  Targ.  Hos.  XI,  4  (ed.  Wil.  riiaa);  cmp.  Rf^"**?. 

nTHM,  v.  niiaa. 

b^JQ  m.  (b.h. ;  Via)  toiver,  turret.  Sabb. XIII,  5.  Tosef. 
Ohol.  XVIII,  5  'a3 . .  .D333S1  he  who  enters  gentile  lands.. . 
in  a  portable  turret.  Ohol.  IV,  1,  v.  111K.  Hag.  15b;  Snh. 
106b  three  hundred  hdlakhoth  (about  levitical  cleanness) 
11K3  mien  'a3  concerning  a  turret  flying  (moving)  in 
the  air  (cmp.  Tosef.  1.  c);  [oth.  opin.  =  "TOftO  laisn  'a, 
Ohol.  I.e. ;  for  oth.  explan.  v.  Rashi  to  Hag.  a.  Snh.l.  c.]. — 
Erub.  34a  laiDa  13"i**tt"  'a  a  turret  which  is  not  fastened 
(which  can  be  let  up  and  down).  Kel.  XII,  3  '"4*5  bUJ  'a 
'31  a  turret  (spice  chest)  of  private  people,  D">S<B11  bU3 
of  physicians.  Tosef.  Sot.  Ill,  10  'a  itt»K  the  builders  of 
the  Tower  of  Babel,  v.  nabsn;  »•  fr.— PL  D"^1ia,  "pbiaa, 
nibiaa.  Y.  B.  Bath.  IV,  U'  bot. ;  Tosef.  ib.  Ill,  3  'an  the 
turrets  (store  closets)  in  bath-houses.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets. 

II,  8,  v.  "MTpS.  B.  Mets.  25a  'as  y^WS;  Tosef.  ib.  II,  7 
mVtta  melius  coins  piled  up  pyramidally;  ib.*p^iaa',n^pa 
some  of  them  piled  up ;  a.  fr. — Esp.  biaa  pr.  n.  pi.  Migdal, 
Magdala,  near  Tiberias.  Tosef.  Erub.  VI  (V),  13;  Y.  ib. 
V,  22d  bot. — In  compounds:  b?aa,  e.  g.  1*15  'a,  aim  'a,  v. 
respective  determinants. 

b^U  8^0,  'JjiQ,  '-NO  ch.  same.  Targ.  Is.  II,  15. 
Targ." Gen.  XI*  4  (ed.  Berl.  'a).  Targ.  Jud.  VIII,  9 ;  a.  fr.— 
PL  r**Vnaa,  'a*0.  Targ.  II  Chr.  XXVI,  9,  sq.  Targ.  Ez. 
XXXVlil,  20  (h.  text  rliaTra);  a.  fr.  — Esp.  sViaa,  ym 
Magdala,  v.  preced.  Y.  Snh.  II,  beg.  19d  '3.1a  XlVpir  he 
fled  to  M.;  Y.  Hor.  Ill,  beg.  47a  'al  «13  pIS  (read:  Xlb, 
sub.  Kntt"*03)  to  the  synagogue  (and  school  house)  of  M.; 
ib.  th  Xia  he  is  in  the  synagogue  of  M. ;  Y.  Snh.  1.  c.  20a 
top  'a  K-ina;  Midr.  s'in.  ch.  VII  N*ft3J"hS  Vnaa.  Y.  Maasr. 

III,  50c  top.  Koh.  R.  co  X,  8  'al  MWW,  v.  supra;  a.  fr.— 
In  compounds:  Vnja  "1  &6iaa,  v.  respective  determinants. 

TObTjin,  HCftin,  'J-ia  m.  (preced.)  of  Magdala, 

r  t  :  :    -  »  :  :    -       : 

surname  of  sevc  il  scholars.  B.  Mets.  25a,  a.  e.,  v.  pnx\ 
Y.  Ber.  IX,  14a  i  jp;  Y.  Taan.  I,  64b  top;  a.  e. 

nb^D  f.  (Vl|)  1)  child's  nurse.  Lev.  R.  s.  36,  end.— 
2)  hair-dresser,  hand-maid,  v.  nV-ia. 

"pJQ,  Koh.  R.  to  VII,  26  some  ed.,  v.  1*\aa. 

I^^JIQ,  X2  m.  pi.  ch.  (v.  13a)  precious  goods.  Targ. 
O.  Gem  XXIV,  53  (Y.  ■pBTTft,  h.  text  msiaa).  Targ.  0. 
Deut.  XXXIII,  13,  sq.,  v.  Niaa. 

rHJQ,  v.  stiaa  II. 

Iln,  i5"na,  v.  -#. 

2"UQ  m.  (33a)  m7ce,  an  agricultural  implement  with 
many  teeth,  forming  a  sort  of  sieve  to  separate  the  grain 
from  the  chaff.  Kel.  XIII,  7 ;  T'bul  Yom  IV,  6 ;  [Ar.  s.  v. : 
a  sort  of  glove,  oth.  expl.:  reading  a^aa,  fr.  aa3,  an  im- 
plement for  drying  the  grain  by  winnowing]. 

JHJD  (b.h.)  pr.  n.  gent. Magog,  'al  MS  Gog  and  Magog, 
the  twoTallied  nations,  the  defeat  of  which,  it  is  believed, 
will  precede  the  redemption  of  Israel  (v.  Ez.  XXXVIII, 
sq.).  Eduy.  II,  10  '31  'al  '5  EJBUJa  the  judgment  of  Gog  and 
Magog  in  the  Messianic  days  will  last  twelve  months. 
Ber.  13a  'al  JM  narf>a  the  war  with  G.  a.  M.  Snh.  951'; 
a.  fr. 

TUQ  m.  (133 ;  cmp.  lift)  a  frame  to  spread  clothes  on. 
B.  Mets.T30a;  Pes.  26b  '31  'a...y'S  n3n-JU)">  xb  ni-3X  the 
finder  must  not  spread  a  lost  object  in  his  charge  over 
a  bed  or  a  frame  for  his  own  use. 

ND-tfQ,  v.  xto**a. 

nDljR3pr.  n.  f.  (?)  MgosetJi.  Yeb.  VIII,  4  (79b)  'a  p 
one  Ben  M. 

SJrJp-tf Qf  v.  annaa  a.  xntp^a. 

JlDUQ  f.(B|W  I),  constr.  nBISa  1 )  bung,  stopper.  Kel.lX,  1 . 




lb.  X,3,  v.  brrbri. — 2)  the  clay  used  for  sealing  wine  vessels, 
sealing  clay.  Y.  Ber.  IX,  13d  bot.  'art  mitfntt)  Ts  so  much 
rain  that  the  sealing  clay  looks  as  if  dissolving;  Y.  Taan. 
I,  64b  top(notcptfjrrttf);  a.e. — 3)  an  air-tight  vessel.  Tosef. 

Bets.  II,  14;  Y.  ib.  II,  61c  bot.  '330 "p&^Da  **1  they 

brought  the  burning  perfume  (TOA^D)  into  the  dining  room 
(on  a  Holy  Day)  in  an  air-tight  vessel. 

XkipiJuJ  ch.  same,  stopper ;  clay-seal.  Targ.  0.  a.Y.  I 
Num/x'lX,  i5  (Y.II  KTttVW).  Targ.  Y.ib.9.— PI.  xrsiaa. 
Targ.  Joel  I,  17  ■jinrewa  (h.  text  MTWUmi). 

"I  iJD  m.  (b.  h.;  *iiai)  1)  dwelling,  neighborhood.  Sabb. 
149b  (expl.  ■pa*',  Ps.  V,  5)  S"i  Spiaan  TW  Kb  a  bad  man 
shall  not  dwell  in  thy  neighborhood;  Hag.  12b  evil  shall 
not  &c;  a.  e.— *2)  rest,  stand.  To.  J.  Kel.  B.  Kam.IV,20 
(R.  S.  to  Kel.  V,  11  "TOO). 

TUQi  SlI^E  neighbor,  v.  "Ma., 

rn'lJD  I  f.  (b.  h.;  "h&,  v.  pia,  NiT'a)  store-room;  bin 
for  wheat,  figs  &c;  reservoir.  Pes.  4b,  a,Tj?.  WTB  i-isrba  'a 
a  store-house  full  of  provision.  Maasr.  Ir§,  v.  baS;  a.  e. — 
Tosef.  Mikv.  I,  17  '31  OlpB"^  bra  'a  (ed.  Zuck.  OTO^,  corr. 
ace.)  the  water-reservoir  of  Discus  in  Jabneh;  Y.  Ter. 
VIII,  45b  '31  bUJ  rrfSO ;  Kidd.  66b  SFpOl  b^J  'a.  —  Trnsf. 
(v.  fniJX)  pericarp  of  nuts,  almonds  &c. ;  drupe.  Maasr. 
I,  2  nuts  are  subject  to  tithes  'a  lttJS">ll)a  from  the  time 
they  form  drupes ;  Tosef.  ib.  I,  1 ;  Y.  ib.  I,  48d  bot.— Gen. 
R.s.  18  '31  rvmaa  l-O  nan  (read  rniaa)  he  built  in  woman's 
body  one  store-room  (the  womb)  more  than  in  man; 
(Erub.  18a  sq.  1X1K  "pM).— PI.  rvhtoa.  B.  Bath.  IV,  6  (67 b) 
D^abtt)  'a  (Ms.  M.  rvnsa)  reservoirs. '  Kel.  XIX,  7  nniu  'a 
the  drawers  in  a  chest.  Tosef. ib.  B.  Kam.II,  7  .."pbnn  t"Pn 
'31  'a  'a  *HDJ?h  a  wooden  spice  box  having  compartments 
{partitions)  without  lids.  Ib.  B.  Mets.  VIII,  1  'artttJ  ST-nttJ 
'31  ftbiy  (ed.  Zuck.  HlT^a,  corr.  ace.)  a  chest  whose  drawers 
are  inside  (not  protruding).  Yalk.  Cant.  992,  v.  STniSK. 

H")5] 3J2  II  f.  ("iia  I)  a  court  containing  several  divell- 
ings.  Erub.  70b  (Rashi :  a  barn  divided  off,  v.  preced.). — 
PL  nrflja  (or  rvhiaa)  neighborhood,  neighbors.  Gen.  R. 
s.  99 ;  Tanh.  Vayhi  9,  v.  rvTOa. 

nmj/D,  Y.  Sabb.  XVI,  end,  15d  tW  "11  'an,  read 

rtnwa,  v.  TOa. 

^OHIJIE,  Lam.  R.  to  II,  22,  Ar.  ed.  Koh.,  v.  TOa. 

n"]")l JQ  f.  strigil,  v.  n-naa. 

riTlJID  f.  i)  =  rHtta  I,  q.  v.— 2)  v.  rnaia. 

fctFTTIjlO,  fcCFlTJD  f.  ch.  I)  =h.  rnwa  II,  court, 
neighborhood.  Y. Sabb. XVI, end,15d [read:]  n^n-]Waa..nbS3 
'21  a  fire  broke  out  in  the  court  of  R.  J. ;  Y.  Yoma  VIH, 
45b  H'VW'aaa;  Y.  Ned.  IV,  38d.— 2)  neighbor,  v.  1MB. 

i23"UQ  m.  magian,  sorcerer.  Sabb.  75a.  Sot.  22a  'a  T'Tt 
he  is  a  magian  (saying  wrords  he  does  not  understand). 

MIZJIJIQ  ch.  same.  Yoma  35a  Ms.  M.  (ed.  WBiaaK).  Sot. 
22a  (prov.)  '21  fctbl  'a  yw\  the  magian  mumbles  and  under- 
stands not  what  he  says. 

{S!?UlHJ|Q  f.   (preced.)   the   magian's  practices,  v. 

iS  IMG,  A  U  m.  ("i]5)  cutting  tool,  sickle,  pruning 
knife!— PL  T*J|»3,  'a^a.  '  Targ.  II  Sam.  XII,  31  (h.  text 
nntta).— Y.Sabb.VlJ8b  bot.  (expl.  ninata, Is. II,  4)  ■pU'vo 
(corr.  ace.). 

SFiUQ,  v.  Kfinaa. 

t:  •     :  t:     •  : 

n XQ,  v.  wa. 

"P3Q  m.  (1J3)  speaker,  preacher.  Pes.  52b  (play  on 
Hos.  IV,  12  lb  W  ibpai)  lb  'a  lb  bp^an  b2  whoever  makes 
it  easy  for  him,  is  his  preacher. — PL  D^aa,  constr.  "^aa. 
Erub.  53b,  v.  nabs. 

*  t  t  -: 

D^DITJm  Yalk.  Num.  786,  read  Wjftiag, 
D"PJR3»  Num.  R.  s.  4,  end,  v.  bTYtto. 

*  '  *     T 

H  J1K3  (J!  fp)T2)  pr.  (cmp.  KHfSO)  M'gizah  (Pass), 
Mazaca,  later  Caesarea,  capital  of  Cappadocia.  Yeb.  25 b 

XipBlBp  nnaa;  (Y.ib.H,end,4bK^p11BpaU3  "p^T;  Tosef. 
ib.  IV,  5  'Bpn  only).  Y.  ib.  XVI,  15d  top  'Sp  bllJ  'Sa;  Tosef. 
ib.  XIV,  5  'Sp  nvna  (Var.rO^Ta;  Bab.ib.  121araila;  Koh. 
R.  to  XI,  1  W*noV  Tosef.  Sabb.  XV  (XVI),  8  'Ta  (Var. 
Wla).  M.  Kat.  26a  ^Dp  WHla  (Ms.  M.  **fOp*t  tlJ^a). 

SnirJU  v.annaali. 

T  •      :  t:     •   : 

MSYPJI]  I,  J$?]UQ  f.  (in  or  11a),  constr.  rvnaa,  waa, 
/bra",  jpass.  Targ.  II  Sain.  XIX,  19.  Targ.  Num.  XXI,  11 ; 
a.  e.—Pl.  Knpaa,  'tta.  Targ.  Y.  Num.  XXXIII,  45.  Targ. 
Jer. XXII,  20;  a.  e. 

SripJlQ  II  f.  (Vra)  arbitrary  decision,  'ai  V*i  Me 
arbitration  practice  of  untrained  magistrates,  opp.  to 
learned  courts.  B.  Mets.  30b  tTfA  'al  fiW*i  (ijta)  Nbx  ed. 
(Ms.  M.  xnoiaa,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  what  else  should 
they  have  done  (in  lieu  of  deciding  according  to  the  law 
of  the  Torah)?  Should  they  have  followed  the  practice 
of  the  arbitrators?— V.  Kntraa  H. 

n^a,  ^b^D,  v.sub'baa. 

"piW  (p-?Q)>  ^l"1^'$v,shield,protection. 
Targ.Deut.  XXXH,  38  (some  Ms.  ',aa,  Y.  ed.  Amsfpaa); 
a.e. — Gen.  R.s.  59,  end  fWana  Cj^K  he  swung  his  shield ; 
Yalk.  ib.  107;  Yalk.  Sam.  156.  Gen.  R.  s.  77,  end  IT^aa 
^1  W*l  the  shield  of  the  one  against  that  of  the  other; 
a.  e—  PL ymn, X^aa.  Targ. I  Kings X,  17 (ed.Wil.  ffia) ; 
a.  e. — fcO^aa  fi^a  pr.  n.  pi.  Beth  Maginnaya  (Shield- 
House).  Kil.  VI,  4  Y.  ed.  (Bab.  ed.  a.  Mish.  H'HaUl  m3; 
Ms.  M.  X^aaan ;  Tosef.  ib.  IV,  7  ■fWWTl  r«l> 

rDn3D,  v.naaa. 

•••       V     T  •••••  T  , 

D^JQ,  DJZ3  (or  b3Q)  m.  (v.  DOa)  tray,  plate.  Yoma 
VI,  7;  Pes.  V,  10  '31  ^POpltl  'an  )iT0  he  put  them  (the 
parts  belonging  on  the  altar)  on  a  tray  and  burned  them 
&c.  Ib.  65b  Irtb  IBpa  IT<Bia  'an  10^  Var.  in  Rashi  (v.  Rabb. 





D.  S.a.  1.  note  60 ;  ed.  'SI  n^Eia  Kin  VJN)  did  he  burn  them 
on  the  very  plate?;  Yonia  67b  inb  -rjpa  'a3  (1MN)  Var. 
in  Rashi  a.  Tosaf.  (v.  Rabb.  D.  8.  a.  1.  note  9).  Kel.  XVI,  1 
caan  (ed.  Dehr.  O'Oan;  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Mets.  V,  10  r\^3p). 
Y.  Yonia  V,  beg.  42b  'a  D3  Kaf  (Mish.  V,  1)  means  plate, 

ND'UQ,  NDUQ  ch.  1)  same,  plate,  dish.  Targ.  Ps. 
CXXIII,  2  '31  'a  .  .  "pp'ma  looking  out  for  (the  remnant 
of)  a  dish  at  the  hands  of  their  masters  (in  ed.  "Wil.  our 
w.  omitted) ;  Targ.  Y.  Num.  XI,  6  (not  p^ial).— Lev.  R. 
s.  28  b^bs  'a  mm  "("HD  whenever  a  dish  was  brought  in ; 
ib.  b^bi1  "Waal  "jTSl  as  soon  as  a  dish  of  mine  comes  in; 
(Koh.  R.  to  I,  3  Kb^an).— PI.  Ttfaa,  K*Dp:ra,  'Wa.  Targ. 
O.  Num.  IV,  7  (ed.  Amst.  '^aa);  a.  fr.— Targi  Ez.  XIII,  19 
onb"i  "pOiaa  (not  'aa ;  ed.  Lag.  "p^OWa)  plates  with  morsels 
from  the  tables  (h.  text  Tnns).— Lev.  R.  1.  c.  'iaa  nab 
'31  "ppED  why  are  the  plates  carried  out  without  having 
been  tasted? — 2)  (=Lat.  accubatio)  dinner,  banquet.  Koh. 
R.  to  I,  3  nTW  "Opaa  'pa31  that  I  came  for  the  sake  of 
thy  dinner.  Lam/fi.  to  I,  1  ^nnn  [read:]  irb  1W1  mba>{* 
NO^aa  (or  NPOpaa)  he  took  him  into  his  house  and  pre- 
pared a  dinner  for  him.— [Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XXVIII,  39  "Wia, 
v.  61M  ch.]— [Pesik.  Ha'omer,  ,p.  70a  -jCMa,  v.  tai-naa.] 

"PtSp^JQ,  0^12  m.  (magister)  a  high  imperial  of- 
ficer (v.  Sm.  Ant.'s*.  v.).  Ex.  R.  s.  30  'ab  ?&p  31p  put  the 
Magister  in  stocks.  Lev.  R.  s.  28  '31  ypb*  'a  "tJ^Sn  jtim 
he  who  used  to  appoint  the  Magister  Palatii  is  now  to 
be  made  a  bather  &c.  —  PI.  "ntsb^aa  (magistri).  Gen.  R. 
s.  26  (expl.  tratat,  Deut.  II,  20,  v.  Qptl)  "'BO'Oa  ^aTW3« 
nanba  (some  ed.  03  "WTBSOj  Yalk.  ib.  47  XsOiaa  ■pisaiaa) 
read:  W  "1"il3&'ia"Q1  'p^ioaa  mensores  (camp-surveyors)  and 
magistri  militum  (chief  commanders). 

"O'HIDD'UE,  Targ.  II  Esth.  IX,  3  (Var.  WBO'Wa,  t>aa, 
ijnaDa,  tmxtVPi)  read :  'W'W&tyO  m.  pi.  (magistrates)  of- 
ficials (h.  text  d^BTHOhK).  ' 

NSJP'UE,  '^12  I  f.  (v.  NOpaa)  tray,  plate.  Targ.  O. 
Num.VlI,  13  (ed.  Amst.  'Waj'h.'text  n*i2>p);  a.  fv.  —  Pl. 
Vtrtpsq,  'Wa.  Y.  Snh.  VIII,  end,  26c  [read:]  ""TO^  30*^ 
"O^a  to  steal  my  (silver)  plate. 

SriD"1^,  1J73 II  f.  (Dia  I)  haughtiness,  violence.  B. 
Kam.  114a 'al  VIS+O  (Ms.  M.  "iaa*i;  Rashi  in  early  prints 
'lima;  oth.  vers.  *?iaa;  Ms.  F.  Xliaa  read  ittaiaa,  v.  Rabb. 
D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  in  a  court  of  violence,  opp.  ifcOYl  ^3  reg- 
ular Persian  courts.  V.  Nfi'paa  II. 

REP2D,  NfrSn3E,  v.  sub  'saa. 

t    ••  -  t  :     ••  -  ••  - 

TJQ  rest,  v.  Kfcna. 

tjd,s"i"Jq,  (-uafcnxa,)  ISO  m.  o*ii5  v. 

"     T  T      "     T         V         "     -T  T  ••     t'/  T  V  ' 

n"isiaa  II)  fellow-inhabitant,  neighbor.  Koh.  R.  to  II,  20 ; 
Lev.  R.  8.  25  'a*i  nVTOK  the  wife  of  a  neighbor  (of  the 
old  man).  Y.  Yoma  VIII,  45b;  Y.  Ned.  IV,  end,  38'1  nin 
'31  n^TOa  was  a  neighbor  of  (living  in  the  same  court 
with)  R.J.;  Y.  Sabb.  XVI,  end,  15d  mWA  (corr.  ace). 
Y.  B.  Bath.  II,  end,  13c  '31  hTTOQ  nin  was  his  neighbor 

in  the  field  and  in  the  house  (living  in  the  same  court). 
Koh.  R.  to  VII,  26  tnuOib  'a  (not  Taa)  a  neighbor  who 
was  a  robber,  lb.  *pUa  (not  'piaa)  our  neighbor,   lb.  X,  19 ; 

a.  fr.— PI.  "pT^i  *fT¥$t  '^-  Y-  Peah  In. 17Cl  toP  'WB 
"psosia  gentile  neighbors.  Lam.  R.tol,  5  "pni^aiab . . .  'a  bs 
"p*i3S  do  all  neighbors,  bent  on  doing  evil,  do  it  to  their 
neighbors?  — Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  XLVIII  (prov.)  na=  Kb 
n^tlM  mam  .  .  .  n*iaX1  (ed.  Bub.)  go  not  by  what  thy 
mother  says  (of  thee),  but  by  what  the  neighbors  say. 
Cant.  R.  to  VII,  2;  a.  fr.  — [Lam.  R.  to  II,  22  *W3  WO 
ed.  (Ar.  "Wiaa)  read :  "W3  ^M  inmates  of  my  house, 
v.  "pr'fiTjtJip.]— Fern.  KPWto,  'w9-  Targ- Y- n  Ex-  m> 22 
PWWca  (not  nrn  .  .  .).— Lev.  R.  s.'  5,  end  .  .  'a  "Oab  TTX 

Tr^a  ~pba>  NablD  .  .  she  comes  to  a  neighbor ,  peace 

with  thee,  my  neighbor!  lb.  s.  6;  a.  ir.—Pl.  snp^aa.  lb. 
s.  9  nni^aa  nb  "pTast  (some  ed.  «n.  .  .  .)  said  her  neigh- 
bors to'her.  Ned.  2ib  'si  -jniai  nba?  ^TVpya  yiam.  that 

thy  neighbors  will  say  of  thy  daughter  &c.  Y.  Sabb.  Ill, 
5'1  bot.  [read :]  'a  T^T*  xbn  Iinbsi  (not  n^vaa)  provided 
the  neighbors  do  not  know  it. 

iTTJO,  TH3D  f.(b.h.  n-naa;  1^  I)  I)  saw.  Kel. XIII, 
4.  Bets.  IV,  3.  Hull.  I,  2;  a.  fr.— 2)  plane.  Tosef.  B.  Kam. 
XI,  15;  B.  Kam.  119b,  v.  I^ai.— [Tosef.  Kel.  B.Mets.VIII,  1 

nmas  ed.  Zuck.,  v.  WiWal]. 

Dl")"1^,  (D'i'nap)  m.  ((xaysipo;)  baker,  cook.  Lam.  R. 
to  III,  16'Dl^aan  bus  Ar.,  v.  battle.  Lev.  R.  s.  28;  Pesik. 
R.  s.  18;  Yalk.  Lev.  643,  a.  e.  X3X  ^D^ari  (^TJ»)  I  (the 
Lord)  am  thy  cook  (ripening  thy  fruits);  Pesik.  Ha'omer, 
p.70a  lp^-0  (corr.  ace).  Ib.O^a  103  read:  OTi^aas.  Num. 
R.  s.  4,  end  Y'13  b^U  '33  (not  ET^as,  til^V)  the  cook  of  a 
human  master.  Y.Keth.  I,  25c  *lt«  Dl^aa  bp  when  it  was 
announced  that  a  cook  (or  baker)  was  in  town  (Snh.  32b 
t^ni  blp).— PI.  yitfrnt,  rpT?^-  Lev-  R-  s.  7 ;  Yalk.  Num. 
777  "pGiaa;  Pesik.  R.  s.  16  D"Vnaa  (corr.  ace);  Pesik.  Eth 
Korb.,  p.  61a.— [Lam.  R.  to  II,  22  WlJm  Ar.,  v.  t«D.] 

yrH^^n  m.  (jxaYsipeiov)  cook-shop,  kitchen.  Y.  Bets. 
V,  end,'63b.T 

nnn"l"lJQ,  Y.  Sabb.  Ill,  5d  bot.,  v.  "«ra  end. 

DTjn,  dtjd,  »on^n,  v.  etttto. 

7  T       •       T  T     :        •      T  "  T 

S?)^:^q,  v.  ^aa. 

^3D  m.  (b.h.;  perh.  contr.  of  bwa,;)  l)  n^p  baa 
or  'a  sickle,  scythe,  an  implement  with  indentations.  Succ. 
32a  'ab  nail  Dips?  a  Lulab  curved  like  a  sickle.  Y.  ib. 
Ill,  53c  bot.  'a  "pa3  n^lias  leaves  shaped  (and  serried) 
like  a  sickle;  Bab.  ib.  34a  'ab  nail  (TV!  biaa?  nb«3  nb5; 
a.  e. — 2)  *P  baa  or  'a  an  implement  combining  knife  and 
saw.  Kel.  XIII,  1.  Hull.  I,  2.  Bets.  IV,  3  (used  for  split- 
ting wood);  a.  fr.— Snh.  95b  flfflTOJ  ^baa  (/em.),  v.  ir"J3 1. 

b%l2,  bs?$Q,  J2\T2  ch.  same.  Targ.  Deut.  XVI,  9 ; 
XXIH,  26  (h.Ttext  115ain).— Taan.  31a  baa  13M  Qli  the  day 
of  breaking  the  maggal  (suspending  the  chopping  of  wood 




for  the  Temple).—  PL  -pbaa,  ibaa.  Targ.  Is.  II,  4;  Mic 
IV,  3;  Joel  IV,  10  (h.  text'miafa). 

33JP  m.  (3ba,  v.  Fl.  to  Levy  Targ.  Diet.  II,  p.  567a) 
[scraper,]  an  instrument  of  torture,  goad  or  whip.  Gen. 
R.  s.  41,  beg.;  s.  52;  Yalk.  Gen.  69  nabaa;  (Tanh.  Lekh.  5 

avew).  —  PL  a^abaa,  fdbjxg.  Ex.  r.  s.  14,  beg.  lharri  -jb 

'a  B^lBari  go  and  give  him  fifty  lashes.  Tanh.  M'tsora  4 
'521  D^33  chains  and  straps;  Num.  R.  s.  13.  lb.  '"2  rtiaan 
five  afflictions.   lb.  s.  10,  beg.;  Lev.  R.  s.  27;  Cant.  R.  to 

v,  1 6,  v.  rvatna. 

K23JQ,  &G5JE  ch.  same.  Targ.Prov.XXVI,3(Var. 

tt:-'t::-  °  '     \ 

JOMOT,  Ms.  xabaa3,  corr.  ace;  h.  text  ana).—  PL  X*abaa, 
"pabaa.  Lev.  R.  s.  15  *|bn  'a  Man  she  saw  the  straps  hang- 
ing. Gen.  R.  s.  84, beg.;  Yalk.  ib.  140;  Yalk.  Job  904  JlXa 
'a  one  hundred  lashes. 


v.  abaa. 

H  ?|Q,  HTUD  f.  (b.  h.;  bba)  roll,  scroll,  volume,  part 
of  a  "ISO."  Treat.  Sof'rim  V,  9  '31  'a  bbil(IX)  9ZMJ  *plUW  fH 
you  must  not  prepare  the  section  of  Sh'ma  or  of  Hallel  as 
a  special  volume  for  children;  Gitt.  60a  '31  'a  airsb  lira,  v. 
lab ;  Yoma  37b.  Gitt.  I.e.  rWVfl  'a 'a  Him  the  Pentateuch  was 
published  in  sections,  opp.  damn.  Deut.  R.s.  8  Klip  fibrin 
ISO  when  beginning,  the  student  reads  (the  Pentateuch) 
in  a  detached  scroll,  opp.  1203. — Y.  Shek.  V,  49a;  Yoma 
38a ;  Cant.  R.  to  III,  6  paa(a)0  n'raa  a  volume  containing 
prescriptions  for  frankincense ;  a.  fr. — pom"1  'a,  D11H&  'a 
T3X  rbaa,  &c.,v.  respect,  determinants. — P/.niba,r.isi3a. 
Cant.  R.  1.  c.  '31  ani^aa  \*WQ  "Ptl  they  handed  over  their 
rolls  (containing  the  prescriptions)  one  to  the  other;  (Y. 

Shek.  l.  c.  nxTfi  nbaan  nx).— Esp.  r&mfc)  =  max  nbsa, 

a.  1POX.  Meg.  I,  1.  Ib.  19a  1S&  tH/hpi  'a  the  book  of 
Esther  is  called  a  book  and  also  a  letter.  Ib.,  sq.  Xllpfi 
'31  pa  namsil  tQ  he  who  recites  from  a  Book  of  Esther 
as  written  among  the  Hagiographa  (instead  of  using  a 
special  scroll);  a.  v.  fr. — M'gillah,  name  of  a  treatise  of 
the  Mishnah,  Tosefta,  Talmud  Babli  a.  Y'rushalmi,  treat- 
ing chiefly  of  the  Festival  of  Purim. — M'gilloth,  the  five 
books:  Esther,  Ruth,  Canticum,  Lamentations  and  Ko- 

n&CfrjJE,  v.  rtwafea 

T  T  :     —  •»!         : 

SO"1"1  J%12  m.  (■*»)  decreer  of  exile.  Y.  Yoma  III,  40c 
top  "a  !"iril&3  berets  (Jer.  XL VI,  20)  means  sweeper,  that 
is,  he  who  will  banish  (v.  Deut.  XXVIII,  63). 

SrDJQ,  '^JD,  constr.  n'23a,n^aa  ch.=h.  fiba.  Targ. 
Jer.  XXXVI,  2;  a.  e. 

"IQJQ,  v.  iaa«ra. 

T  :    ;'  t  : 

jJQ  m.  (b.  h.;  '|33)  shield,  defense.  Pesik.  Ha'omer,  p. 
70a,b  (ref.  to  a-OSa  bxi,  Job  V,  5)  *tt3  xbl  7*CJ  xb  not  with 
weapon  or  with  shield  (will  he  prevail);  Lev.  R.  s.  28 ; 
Pesik.  R.  s.  18;  Yalk.  Job  898.— Cant.  R.  to  IV,  4  end  (ref. 
to  ItWl  rbs,  ib.)  'art  mix  .  .  .  Ill  S)bx  I  folded  together 
(skipped  over)  a  thousand  generations  and  brought  unto 


them  that  shield  (the  Torah).— Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  I,  5,  v. 
-,13;  a.  iv.—PL  D^aa,  tfifQO.  Lam.  R.  introd.  (R.  Joh.  1) 
(ref.  to  Is.  XXII,  5)  'a  ym»  fVB,  .  .  .  B"npipa  TOB  they 
broke  down  the  walls  of  their  houses  and  made  of  them 
defenses.  Cant.  R.  l.  c.  nain  'a  niaaa  ^ax  "pab  unto  thy 
children  I  shall  be  many  defenses.  Gen.  R.  s.  44  bttJ  'a 
OPp^^lS  shields  of  the  righteous  (protectors  of  their  gener- 
ation by  dint  of  their  righteousness) ;  a.  e. — Esp.  Magen, 
the  first  section  of  the  Prayer  of  Benedictions  closing 
with  Dfiiax  ",3a  (usu.  called  niax,  v.  ax).  Deut.R.  s.  11, 
beg.  'a  nbrtnb  ITlfi  (Ber.  34a  rcxib)  he  must  go  back  to 
the  beginning  of  the  first  section.  Erub.  65a,  v.  pIQ  h. — 
•ppaan  rva,  Tosef.  Kil.  IV,  7,  v.  xpaa. 

),  X2 XD  ch.  same,  v.  ftO.     - 

j3P,  &W3p  m.  Cj33  ;  cmp.  OSH  fr.  ",3n)  grace,  undeserv- 
ed gift;  (adv.  with  or  without  prepos.)  for  nothing,  in 
vain.  Targ.  Prov.  XV,  27.— Targ.  Gen.  XXIX,  15.  Targ. 
Ex.  XX,  7;  Targ.  Deut.  V,  11;  a.  e—  Y.  Bice.  Ill,  65c  hot. 
d^a"1  "plXa  'a  xb  it  is  not  for  nothing  that  he  has  been 
allowed  a  long  life.  B.  Kam.  85a  tri  X^OX  a  physician  (that 
will  cure  thee)  without  pay;  ifB  'a3  'al  Xt)X  Ms.  M. 
a.  oth.  (ed.  incorr.,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  a  physician 
without  pay  is  worth  as  much  as  unpaid  service  can  be 
expected  to  be,  i.  e.  an  unpaid  physician  is  likely  to  be 
careless.  Y.  Snh.  X,  29a  bot.  'a  bs  ^SX  even  if  the  curse 
has  been  pronounced  gratuitously  (without  cause),  cmp. 
asn  nbbp  s.  v.  0|n. 

S3 XQ  m.  (^aa)  couch,  or  couch-room. — PL  X*33a.  Targ.II 
Esth.  I,  9  (ed.  Lag.  a.  oth.  X^asa,  corr.  ace). — [Pes.  107a 
1301a,  v.  xaaa.] 

HD3D,  v.  X333a. 

t  t    -  tt: - 

p33P,  v.  "paaaa. 

S^D^P  f.(part.Ithpe.  of  Tia)  =  h.n3tta(v.  nja),  blame- 
worthy ;  'a  xtib^a  blemish,  defect.  Gen.  R.  s.  60  (prov.) 
'SI  'a  "p  mxi  Xtib^a  what  blemish  there  be  in  thee,  be 
the  first  to  tell  it;  B.  Kam.  92b  VVft  xnb^a  Ms.  M.  (ed. 


ni'OJjp,  v.XSasa.— [Mekh.  B'shall.  s.  2  nV33a,  emend, 
for  nisaa,  read:  ni^ao,  v.  pap.] 

'p'D^^U,  v.  pa^aaaaa. 

n^JQ,  riD"1^  f.=*aa,  protection,  defense.  Pirke  d'R. 
El.  ch.'XXVlil;  Yalk.  Gen.  76  (expl.  yxo,  Gen.  XV,  1)  "^3X 
"b  'a  I  am  a  defense  to  thee. 

&-3D  or  D5p,  v.  a^aa. 

ns^D^a,  nni2Dja,  ■31^0050,  an&Jra,  v.  SUb 

t    :  •    t  ••    :  •    t  t  • :  •     : 


S?5P  m.  (533)  touch,  contact.  Kel.  1, 1,  a.  fr.  'aa  xaaa, 
makes  unclean  by  contact.  Toh.  VI,  4  nxaia  2>aa  pSD 
'31  a  doubt  as  to  having  touched  an  unclean  thing  is 
judged  in  favor  of  uncleanness;  Ab.  Zar.  70a,  a.  e.  —  3>3a 
1133  wine  touched  by  a  gentile  suspected  of  idolatrous 
manipulations.  Ib.58b. — Ib.  69a  ll^an  'a  another  ignorant 




man's  touching  things  kept  in  levitical  cleanness;  a.  fr.— 
PI.  PWJa.  Y.  Sabb.  VII,  9(1  hot.,  v.C^a.— Constr.  fjtyt.  Y. 
Pes.  VII,  34d  hot.  "pat  13  those  unclean  through  contact 
with  gonorrhoeists. 

"H12?JG  f.  ("ira)  threatening,  shouting.  Yalk.  Ps.  864; 
Midr.Till.  to  Ps.  C  VI,  9  ed.  Bub.  (missing  in  eds.)  nb  'a  ^BN 
'31  miH  it  was  not  even  a  shouting  (at  the  sea)  but  only 
a  blowing.  Yalk.  1.  c.  (missing  in  Midr.  Till.  1.  c.)  'a  ab 
■^aliiDa  xbx  not  only  a  shouting  but  even  a  roaring. 

£] yQ  m.  (C]fia  or  C]«i&)  sealer  of  wine  vessels.  Y.  Ab.  Zar. 

V,  44a  top  'a  rtU)3>a  ",32m  yuaiTMS  (not  Van)  the  boring 
of  which  the  Rabbis  speak  (Mish.V,  4)  is  the  work  of  a 
professional  sealer  (requiring  care  and  time). 

rtDijQ,  '^12  f.(b.  h.^aa)  [striking,]  1)  wound.  Makhsh. 

VI,  8  nnfiaa  D1  the  blood  flowing  from  a  woman's  wound. 
Nidd.  55*';  Ker.  13\  Hull.  351'.  Yalk.  Num.  710;  a.  e.— 
2)  sudden  death,  plague  Mekh.  B'shall.  s.2  xbx  naan  'pK 
'a  the  verb  Can  (Ex.  XIV,  24)  means  pestilence.  M.  Kat. 
28a  'a  nnT2  a  sudden  death.  Ber.  4b  'an  na'TUB,  during  an 
epidemic;  a.  fr.— [msaa,  Mekh.  1.  c,  v.  PBaa  a.  paao.] 

D^'DJ^i  V'DJD  m.  da.  (^l)  greaves,  metal  leggins. 
Sabb.  VI,Y(expl.  ib.  62»  "pVto).  Kel.  XI,  8  ;  Tosef.  ib.  B. 
Mets.  Ill,  1  0N  ed.  Zuck.  (corr.  ace. ;  Var.  b»|5a). 

KSjBijE,  'Pn5Q  ch.=h.  nWfc.  Targ.Y.II  Num.  XXV, 
8  XPB  .  . .  (corr.  ace). 

HJE),  Pa.  "i&a,  Tjng  (b.  h.  "laa ;  cmp.  -na)  1)'  to  drag 
down;  to  throw  over.  Targ.  Gen.  XLIX,  17  (h.  text  btft). 
Targ.Ps.LXXXIX,45.  Targ. Ez. XXXIX, 3.  Targ.II  Kings 
IX,  33  (h.  text  OWD).  Targ.  Is.  XXII,  19  (h.  text  tHti); 
a.  e. — 2)  [to  scrape  off,]  to  diminish,  destroy  (corresp.  to  b. 
h.  ROB  a.  Tl).  Targ.  Ps.  CXIX,  139.  Ib.  CI,  5;  8.  Ib. 
CXLIII,  12;  a.  e. 

Ithpa.  *iaapx  to  be  diminished.  Targ.  Job  VI,  17.  Ib. 
XXIII,  17  Ms.  (ed.  *W3JT8,  h.  text  ^PaiM). 

US,  fcCtfQ,  v.  TOO,  a.  XStata. 

••     T  T"     T  "  T  T   !    - 

HT$S  nnnjia,  NfiTya,  v.  sub  '-™. 

HUE,  v.  rmsa. 


SriQl"l JS73  f.  ch.=h.  ntfjMO,  v.  ff?5  2R/".  B.  Kam. 
'a  srnn  (Ms.  R.  Kfia'naa)  a  case  of  a  mugremeth. 

oiijn,&,n:R2,  y.Bma. 

mDll^G,  Pesik.  R.  s.  6,  read  tnBVW?. 

nDi"lj(D,  v.  anpBr.aa. 

n^DIIAQ  f.  (Cpa ;  v.  nB"}5a)  1)  spade,  s/joueZ.  Gen.  R. 
s.  16, beg.  nnst  'an  pniB  ..nsa"W  he  divided  off  the  course 
of  four  river-heads  with  one  (cut  of  the)  spade. — 2)  trowel. 
Pesik.  R.  s.  6  [read:]  '31  'a  !*b  "QU53  xb  no  trowel  nor  axe 
was  broken;  Yalk.  Kings  186  PBTiaa  (corr.  ace). 

XTP£n~lJJD,  "l£>'R5D  ch.  same.  Gen.  R.  s.  38.  Lev. 

R.  s.  24.—  PL  XrV'B'haa.  Targ.  Num.  IV,  14;  Targ.  0.  Ex. 
XXVII,  3  (Y.  S-pnEnaa,  corr.  ace);  a.  fr.  (h.  text  D"<3P). 

nSTlJm  v.  n^Bhaa. 

P|n")JQ,  HB'nJD,  v.  tftaa,  na^aa. 

DnDn~tfD,  Pesik.  R.  s.  16,  v.  OVVWa. 

ZXPiETlTZ  v.  xna^aa. 

SD^q,  v.  bi-naa. 

f|"D72  m.  (Cpa)  1)  trowel.  Y'lamd.  to  Gen.  XI,  1,  quot. 
in  Ar.s.  v.  Epa.— 2)  shovel.  Y.  Shebi.  Ill,  34c ;  Y.  M.  Kat. 

I,  80b  '31  "iBmaal  lbti  his  basket  and  shovel  show  that  he 
is  preparing  dung. 

TTD1112,  '"H?J2  f.  (preced.)  1)  spoon,  ladle;  trowel. 
Kel.  XXIX,  8  TO  bttJ  'a  the  ladle  of  the  household  (v. 
Maim.  a.  1.);  t^T^ta  btf)  'a  the  plasterers'  trowel.  Tanh. 
Sh'moth  9  B*<B  bu:  the  trowel  for  clay;  Ex.  R.  s.  1  (some 
ed.  Wi:  btt)  iB^aa,  v.  preced.).  Kel.  XIII,  4  'a  ladle  (v. 
Maim.  a.  1.). —  2)  (usu.  in  connection  with  b&)  spade  used 
for  digging  and  shovelling;  shovel.  Gen.  R.  s.  16;  Sifre 
Deut.  6,  a.e.,  v.  rnfi.— Tosef.  Toh.  VIII,  1 3 ;  Zeb.  99b.  Sabb. 
XVII,  2  '31  t]Tiab  'a  one  may  handle  a  spade  (on  the 
Sabbath)  for  grabbing  &e,  v.  Cft».  Num.  R.  s.  15;  Yalk. 
Ex.  163.  Lev.  11.  s.  23;  Cant.  R.  to'  IV,  8  '31  'am  bom  »Wl 
it  (the  Torah)  and  all  its  implements,  v.  M^>!*1t£. — Y.Hag. 

II,  78b  bot.  rona  btfJ  'a  an  iron  spade  (flat);  y9  bttJ  'a  a 
wooden  shovel;  a. e.— PJ.  niB^aa, 'maa.  B.Mets.30a.  Tam. 
II,  1.  Gen.  R.  s.  46,  beg.;  a.  e.— 3)  magrefah,  a)  name  of 
a  musical  instrument  in  the  Temple.  Arakh.101';  Y.  Succ. 
V,  55dtop. — b)  name  of  a  sort  of  tympanum.  Tam.V,  6, 
Ib.  Ill,  8 ;  Y.  1.  c.  55b  bot. 

rnnSlJiD,  v.  xn^s-haa. 

rman  (rmiaq,  rmra,nTun)  t^r. 

TTfc)  strigil.  Tose£  Sabb.  XVI  (XVII),  lY'iatts  p-nana  px 
ed.Zuck.  (Var. PTtiraa y+tlXQ) ;  Sabb.  147b "TOtD  yilTtt px, 
v.  to  i,— pi.  rvi-naa  (ni-naa).  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.  II,  12 
"vW  ed.  Zuck. ;  Kel.  XII,  6  Tnaa  (TiS«). 

fctFTTIJO  ch.same.  Sabb.  147b(Ms.M.  margin :  Xliaa ; 
Rashi  Ms.  kniiaa). 

lEniQ  m.  (b.  h.;  una)  open  space  outside  of  a  place. 
Gen.  KB*  21,  end  (ref.  Vo  Gen.  Ill,  24)  '31  p*  btt  *&&& 
he  drove  him  out  to  the  open  outskirts  of  the  garden  of 
Eden.  Mace.  12%  a.  e.  '31  'a  STUB  ptUia?  px  you  must  not 
change  a  cultivated  field  (outside  of  a  town  of  refuge) 
into  an  open  space  &c. 

rHUfl,  v.  STTnaia. 

mJIDf  Targ.  Hos.  XI,  4,  v.  6WS^  II. 

""TO,  a  prefix,  =m  ^a,  1)  than  that.  Targ.  0.  Ex.  XIV, 
12  rWWHD  (ed.  Amst.  Waa^a,  corr.  ace);  a.e.  — 2)  from 
the  time  that;  from  the  fact  that;  since,  because.  Targ.  Gen. 
XLVIII,  15.    Targ.  I  Sam.  1, 12.  Targ.  O.  Ex.  XIV,  11 ;  a. 

fr> Ber.  2b  '31  Jia^a  2>aiU  .  .  .  Wpfla  from  the  fact  that 

the  Boraitha  says  ....  we  conclude  that  &e    Ib.  15b 




.  .  .  bbaa.  .  .  XS^D  "Onpna  since  the  second  clause  rea  ,,' 
'R.  Judah  says  &c.',  we  must  conclude  that  the  first  clause 
does  not  express  R.  Judah's  opinion. —  Gitt.  19b  xnT2 
'31  isin  since  one  (of  the  papers  found)  was  undoubtedly 
there  (before  the  letter  of  divorce  was  thrown  there),  the 
other  was  surely  there,  too,  and  the  letter  of  divorce  may 
have  been  carried  off  by  mice.  B.  Mete.  83b  "'bis  Cpittvta 
-XH  since  he  is  so  bold. — WTTWOBPTa,  "panna,  v.  StrV^nist.— 
Gitt.  37a,  a.  fr.  '31  "'a^BJ  as  concluded  from  whatR . . .  said ; 
a.  v.  fr. 

tfr\12  m.  ch.  =  (b.  h.  To;  TlO)  the  priest's  cloak.  Ber. 

28a,  vJtt?a:>. 

WTV2,  v.  KTTO. 

T    T     T  T  •  T 

ecma,  v.  ww. 

T  T     -  t  T    - 

NPS^E  f.  (v.  P.  Sm.  2011)  =  ITOB,  tribute,  tax,  fine. 
Targ/Piov.  XII,  24  "zb  Ar.  s.  v.  WO  (ed.  MR&). 

ST1£,  v.  ftO'lTQ. 

S^IZIE  m.  (nan)  guide;  X*iT31  'a  forc/j  or  torch- 
carrier  directing  the  work  of  night  laborers. — PI.  "Hiiana . 
M.  Kat.  12b  Ms.  M.  a.  Ar.  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note;  ed. 
— =-T2,  Alf.  K'JO'TO). 

rD"TO,  ^IlSTC  m.  ch.  (nan)  =h.  rtafrO,  a/tar.  Targ. 
Josh.  XXII,  10T.    Targ.  Gen.  XII,  8;  a.  fr.'  — Zeb.  54a  31 

'a  "car"  m-eonta  asnna  Rab  translated  (-pio  Tsro  pi, 

Deut.  XXXIII,  12)  on  his  possession  shall  the  altar  be 
built;  a.  e—  PI.  yVjSHB,  K^nan*;  fem.  Bttyjyta.  Targ.  0. 
Num.  XXIII,  1;4;  a.  e.— Targ.  Ps.  LXXXIV,  4.— ^B  ipBa 
Xanana  (r.^B)  liquids  used  on  the  altar  (wine,  oil),  con- 
trad,  to  N^maa  ">a  ipWQ  liquids  of  the  slaughtering  place 
(blood,  water).  Pes.  17a  (ref.  to  Eduy.VIH,  4);  Tosef.  Kel. 
B.  Mete.  V,  7  (ed.  Zuck.  'BB). 

"21E,  v.  -an?  a.  ?$na. 

pH"!^  m.  (pan)  junction,  welding.  Targ.  I  Kings  VII, 
29;  36  (h.  text  t\fi).— Ft.  constr.  "^pana;  ft*  'a  arm-pits. 
Targ.  Jer.  XXXVIII,  12.  Targ.Ez.  XIII,  18  ed.  Lag.  (Var. 
'---;  ed.  Wil.  "'psna). 

"fiTD  m.  (nan)  1)  speaker.— PI.  B'nana.  Ber.  63b,  a. 
e.  '-"l  'an  mxn  the  first  among  the  speakers  on  all  occa- 
sions (attribute  of  R.  Judah).— 2)  the  anterior  part  of  the 
tongue.  Bekh.  VI,  8;  Tosef.  ib.  IV,  11 ;  Kidd.  25a. 

""S""P3  m.  (b.  h.;  v.  nan)  pasture-ground,  desert.  Gen. 
R.s.3Tl,"end.  Cant.  R.  to  IV,  4  (play  on  "pana  ib.  3)  S"SX 
'31'a  K1STJJ  although  the  Temple  is  a  desert,  you  are  bound 
to  observe  the  sacredness  of  its  precincts  now  that  it  is 
ruined  &c. ;  a.  fr. — 'a  *Tn  the  generation  that  died  in  the 
wilderness.  B.  Bath.  73b  hot. ;  a.  fr.— Tosef.  Mace.  HI  (II), 
2  ;  Mace.  9b;  Y.  ib.  II,  31d  top  'aa  nsa  (b.  h.)  Bezer  in  the 
Wilderness,  on  the  eastern  side  of  the  Jordan.  —  Tosef. 
Men.  IX,13  'a a  0^003,  read: fTOTl  nanaa  from  the  pasture- 
ground  of  Hebron;  v.  Men.  87* ;  Sot.34b.— PJ.P.inana.  Ber. 
IX  2.  Ib.  54b  'a  "obn  those  travelling  in  the  deserts;  a.  e. 

NnSlQ  m->  S?]"l5lQ  f-  ch-  same-  '£&Te-  Ex-  UI>1> 
a.  fr.— B.'Bath.  73b;T74b  ;aa  ",3^TK  we  were  travelling  in 
the  desert;  a.  fr.— Cant.  R.  to  IV,  4  (ref.  to  ~pana,  ib.  3) 
X*W  rpffWTO  "W  ?pa*«  thy  midbar  is  beautiful,  this 
means  thy  waste  (the  ruined  Temple)  is  beautiful,  v. 
preceding.;  [Comment.:  thy  speech.']— P/.N*nana,  f.",nanB. 
Targ.  Ps.  LXXV,  7.  Targ.  Is.  LI,  3.   Targ.  Cant.  II,  14. ' 

fcCQIQ  m.  (nan)  leader.  Targ.  Pro  v.  XI,  14  (Levita 
*$¥fJ&  h.  text  mba'nn,  cmp.  stnwnaTa)— Targ.  II  Esth. 

IV,  i  Var.  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  XSnana).—  PL  constr.  ''nana.  Targ. 
Cant.  I,  8. 

rfPS'TO  f.  pi.  (nan)  l)  conduct,  manners.  Koh.  R.  to 
in,  18  (ref.  to  man,  ib.)  Banana  Bip'Hsrni}  'a  the  way  the 
righteous  conduct  themselves.  —  2)  (b.  h.)  conversation, 
talk.  lb.  ana  B'nana  BWtTTB  'a  the  conversations  which 
the  wicked  hold.  Snh.  67 b,  a.  fr.  Tpninana  r&3,  v.  fiVa; 
ib.  38b,  '31 bsst  •fTthyvA  -fil  Ms.  M.  (ed!  bsx  "jlq);  Hag. 

ua  bxx  -pnnana  -^=='21  -£>i  na  nbs,  v.  r£a. 

"HS172  m.,  rP~Ql!0  f.  (denom.  of  nana)  belonging 
to  the  desert.  Erub.  83a,*a.  e.  'a  nxa  the  S'ah  of  the  Is- 
raelites in  the  desert,  containing  six  desert  Kab,  or  five 
Jerusalem  Kab.  —  PI  Banana,  "p'nana;  KtaaflSL  Men. 
VII,  1,  a.  e.,  v.  tnxp.— Esp.  nrnana  past ure-animals.  Bets. 

V,  7  (40a),  opp.  ni'n^a;  Tosef.  ib.  IV,  11. 

"]l?m  f.  pi.,  v.  aoana. 

MHSTZS  m.  =  xnana,  leader.  Targ.  II  Esth.  IV,  1. 
Targ.TpTrov.  XI,  14,  v.  sinana.— Snh.  14a  rmaijo  'a  (Ms. 
K.  xnan,  v.  "nan)  leader  of  his  people;  Keth.  17a. 

Sn:l3"li:'lC,  H3"1C  f.  (preced.)  command,  strategy; 
scheme  (b^h.  niSanri).  'Targ.  Prov.  I,  5;  XX,  18;  XXIV, 
6.  Ib.  XH,  5. 

8FTQTQ,  v.  xnana. 

t    :  -    :    -  t  :   :  - 

IKFlIZDlQ  pr.  n.  pi.,  v.  ariiaan. 

TV2  (b.  h.)  [to  stretch,]  to  measure.  Sabb.  I49b  sq. 
(play  on  rtanna,  Is.  XIV,  4)  the  nation  that  said  nina, 
SOW  measure  (the  area  of  thy  land)  and  bring  (tribute) ; 
Lev.  R.s.  15,  end  (Ar.:  tnam  nia  measure  and  give).  Erub. 
V,  4  'Bl  "pnnia  -i^  Sabbath  distances  must  be  measured 
only  with  a  rope  of  &c.  Ib.  5  nnaian  ",a  xbx  ■pTTia  -,ix 
the  measuring  must  be  done  only  by  the  best  experts. 
Y.  Succ.  I,  51d  'ai  *,a  nia^  OK  if  he  measures  from  &c. 
Maas.  Sh.  V,  9  niab  n"TO  i3K1B  ~m3V  one  tenth  (as  tithe) 
which  I  shall  measure  off  (when  I  come  home);  a.  fr. — 
Sot.  I,  7  ■&  "pnnia  na  nn/ia  niwa  nnaa  the  measure  with 
which  man  measures  will  be  measured  out  to  him,  i.e.  as 
man  deals,  he  will  be  dealt  with,  v.  KPOnrx;  Tosef.  ib. 
Ill,  1  nxoa  'a  he  measured  by  the  S'ah  (committed  great 
wrong).  Ber.  IX,  5,  v.  next  w— Ib.  30b '31  ana  Tia^  dV»:> 
man  must  alwajs  measure  himself  (examine  the  dispos- 
ition of  his  mind;  cmp.nax),  if  he  feels  that  he  can  direct 
his  mind,  let  him  pray,  if  not  &c. 

Nif.  n?a?  to  be  measured.  B.  Bath.  VII,  1  T*W0  ',^» 
Snas  are  not  included  in  the  measure.  Arakh.  VII,  1 
Has  Binna?  are  included  &c;  a.  fr. 




Pi.  11a  same,  to  stretch.  Gen.  R.  s.  3 ;  Midr.  Till,  to 
Ps.  XXIV,  a.e.  TJO^,  v.  nna.— [Cant.  R.  to  VIII,  11  "pipo, 
v.  nil.] 

lXU2)Tr\*'12  f.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  1)  dimension, measure, 
proportion.  Sabb.  150a  (play  on  FQITTD,  v.  preced.)  ixa 
"0  xb3  Stan  i&t)  bring  much,  very  much,  without  meas- 
ure. Peah  VIII,  6  11  'a  this  proportion.  Gen.  R.  s.  64; 
Esth.  R.  introd.  (ref.  to  HTM,  Ezra  IV,  13)  y^nn  ma  IT 
that  is  the  tax  from  the  land  as  measured,  i.  e.  the  (Roman) 
land-tax.  B.  Bath.  VII,  3  '31  bsn3  'a  I  sell  thee  exact  land- 
measure  by  the  rope.  lb.  128a  131K  ma  the  length-measure 
of  the  cloak.  lb.  linibpUJa  ma  the  measure  of  its  (the 
gold-bar's)  weights,  i.  e.  an  estimate  as  to  how  many 
coins  of  a  certain  weight  can  be  obtained  from  it.  Hag. 
12anbib'ai  DV  ma  the  combined  length  of  day  and  night. 
Yeb.  76b  (ref.  to  I  Sam.  XVII,  38)  imaa  V^a  his  (Saul's) 
garments  such  as  fitted  his  stature.  Mikv.  X,  5;  Hull.  73a 
'a(n)  Olpa  13>  as  far  as  the  designed  length  of  the  handle 
(excluding  the  portion  which  it  is  intended  to  cut  off). — 
Kidd.  42bj  B.  Mets.561',  a.e.  '31  bp^a3ffi1 'a3UJ  131  objects 
which  are  sold  by  measure,  by  weight  or  by  the  piece. 
B.  Bath.  89b  '21  fTT&n  'a  . . .  dbl3?b  one  must  never  keep 
in  one's  house  too  small  or  too  large  a  measure  (smaller 
or  larger  than  the  legal  size);  a.  fr.  —  PI.  fliia,  nil^a. 
lb.  88b  'a  btt)  ",115315  the  divine  punishment  for  fraudu- 
lent measures.  Tosef.  B.  Mets.  VI,  14  ....  "pSlaa  Wl  Nb 
'an  bs  xbst  . .  they  (the  agoranomoi  in  Jerusalem)  were 
appointed  not  for  the  regulation  of  market  prices  but  for 
the  superintendence  of- the  measures;  B.  Bath.  89a,  v. 
C^aii::*;— Men.  18a  TriT>a  msab,  v. fisa—  "Whence : 

•    :   : — :  '  -  '  t  t 

Middoth  (measurements  of  the  Temple),  name  of  a  treat- 
ise of  the  Mishnah,  of  the  order  of  Kodashim. — 2)  deal- 
ing; reward  or  punishment;  dispensation. — 'a  1553  'a  re- 
taliation, adequate  punishment  or  reward.  Sot.  I,  7,  v. 
preced.  lb.  9a  'aab  the  verse  is  to  intimate  that  God  dis- 
penses adequate  punishments.  Ib.8b  (ref.  to  ib.  I,  7)  y'SH 
^23  Stb'a3  nbian'al  although  retribution  (by  the  Jewish 
court)  has  ceased,  the  adequate  divine  punishment  has 
not  ceased.  Lam.  R.  introd.  (R.  Alex.  2)  (expl.  ■JSWpflf, 
Lev.  XXVI,  43)  'a  1533  'a  punishment  corresponding  to 
deed.  Ned.  32a.  Snh.  90a  'a  1S33  'a  n"3pn  bll?  WPfiB  b3  all 
retributions  of  the  Lord  are  in  correspondence  with  man's 
doings.  Ber.  48b  'whatever  the  Lord  thy  God  has  given 
thee'  rnssme  ma  "p3i  raw  'a  "p3...b33  -53111  (not  ma) 
he  is  thy  judge  in  whatever  sentence  he  decrees  upon 
thee,  whether  it  be  a  good  or  an  evil  dispensation.  Ib. 

IX,  5,  v.  ika.    Sabb.  97a.    Ib.  151 b  IT  'a  b3> dbiyb  at 

all  times  let  one  pray  to  be  spared  this  fate  (poverty); 
a.  fr.—  PI.  as  ab.  Snh.  90a,  v.  supra.  Yoma  87 b  1i33>an 
'31  VTiiia  bj?  he  who  passes  over  his  retaliations  (who  for- 
bears to  retaliate),  his  failings  will  be  passed  over  (be 
forgiven);  Meg.  28a.  Ib.  "WTO  b3>  TlaS  ttb  I  never  in- 
sisted on  retaliation ;  Kidd.  71avmia  bs  la3>a  13iSO(Rashi : 
i"ara);  a.  fr. —  3)  manner,  ways,  character,  nature,  con- 
dition. Ber.  40a  '31  n"3pn  maa  xb  the  nature  of  divine 
(intellectual)  affairs  is  not  like  the  nature  of  human  (ma- 
terial) affairs,  lb.  llb  '21  DV  ma  "Wffllft  to  mention  the 
nature  of  the  day  (light)  at  night.   Tanh.  Balak3  ima  Ha 

-%  .iat  is  the  nature  of  his  power.  B.  Mets.  33a  n3"W  'a 
'a  it  is  a  (meritorious)  way  (of  studying)  and  is  not,  i.  e. 
you  might  do  better ;  Y.  Hor.  Ill,  48c  top  'a  n3i&<U5  'a ;  a. 
fr.— PL  as  ab.  Ab.  V,  10  D1N3  'a  3J31N  there  are  four 
different  dispositions  of  men  (as  to  treating  one's  fellow- 
man);  ib.  11  ni3>13  'a  3?31X  four  characters  (tempera- 
ments); ib.  12  DiTvabt-Q  'a  3>31K  four  natures  of  students 
(with  regard  to  receptive  and  retentive  faculties).  Y.  Snh. 
XI,  30a  bot.  '31  'a  3>3U)  bs  all  the  seven  characteristic 
features  of  righteous  men  which  the  scholars  have  de- 
fined have  been  realized  in  Rabbi.  Ned.  20b  'a  stun  133 
children  conceived  under  nine  (abnormal  mental)  con- 
ditions. R.  Hash.  17b,  a.  fr.  'a  nill»  labia  the  thirteen 
divine  attributes  (Ex.  XXXIV,  6,  sq.).  Ned.  32a,  v.  TIB;  a. 
fr.— "pin  ma  a)  justice.  Tosef.  Yeb.  IX,  3,  a.  e.,  v.  ilpb. 
— Esp.  the  divine  attribute  of  justice,  opp.  D^anin  'a, 
v.  "pi  II.— b)  common  sense,  logical  argument.  Yoma  43b 
rorvu  "fin  'a  (NM)  ~p  common  sense  dictates  this;  Shebu. 
I4a.  Y.  Maas.  Sh.  II,  53c  top  "pin  'ab  ('aa)  itfjs  -painn 
they  regulated  the  laws  of  Sabbath  limits  according  to 
common  sense  (not  by  textual  interpretation).  —  c)  de- 
cision in  money  matters,  civil  law  (contrad.  to  ritual  law). 
Y.  Gitt.  V,  46c  bot.  pn  "pin  'ab  t)K  the  same  principle 
holds  good  for  civil  law  (collection  of  claims,  v.  ni3lE3); 
Y.  Shebi.  X,  39c  bot.  Ib.  (last  line)  '31  "pin  'a  'pliabl'  do 
we  apply  the  rules  of  Prosbol  (v.  blSTIIB)  to  ordinary 
claims?  Y.  B.  Kam.  V,  beg.  4d  31in  m&t  "pin  'a3  pin  Kb 
(strike  out  ",iaa3)  in  civil  law  we  are  not  guided  by  pro- 
babilities (v.  311;  cmp.  Bab.  ib.  27b).  Y.  Ber.  II,  5a  bot. 
'in  'abl  but  in  civil  law  (questions  of  possession). — 4)  prin- 
ciple, standard,  consistency.  Men.  Ill,  4  '31  '1  maa  follow- 
ing the  principle  of  R.  &c;  Pes.  77b;  Y.  ib.  VII,  34c  top. 
Shek.  IV,  6  'an  &W  ns^K  (comment,  'an  ",a  n3">K)  this  is 
not  consistent  (with  a  previous  rule).  Ib.  7  nx  nimn 
ima  (Y.  ed.  ITViia)  he  makes  his  standards  even  (is  con- 
sistent). Pes.  I,  7  'an  &rn  Wit  this  is  not  the  right  ar- 
gument. Ib.  I5b  ati  'ai  'a  'an  &Wi  n3^x  i&tax  why  do 
you  say,  it  is  no  argument?  it  is  surely  a  correct  argument. 
Y.  Hag.  Ill,  77d  'Menahem  went  out'  means  NS*1  'ab  'aa 
he  went  over  from  one  principle  to  another  (joined  the 
opposition;  Bab.ib.l6b  nsi  niamb  HX">).— Esp.rila  rules 
of  interpretation.  Sifra  introd.,  ch.  I,  end  '31  'a  jJ3ir...bbn 
Hillel  the  Elder  explained  seven  rules  &c;  Ab.d'R.N.  ch. 
XXXVII;  Tosef.  Snh.VII,  11.  Sifra  introd.,  beg.  (R.Yishm. 
said)  '31  'a  nilT2>  lubU33  the  Torah  is  interpreted  by  means 
of  thirteen  rules.  [Appendix  to  treat.  B'rakhoth.  'a  3"b 
'31 1011 '1  blU  the  thirty  two  rules  of  R.Jose  the  Galilean.] 
— Lev.  R.  s.  3,  beg.  'ai  PYDbfl  decisions  and  interpretations 
(by  which  the  decisions  were  reached),  v.  XFibisa. — Gitt. 
67a  '31  Vtfitm  manna  naiin  irjWd  my  rules  of  inter- 
pretation are  the  selection  from  selections  of  rules  by  R. 
Akiba.— Ber.  33b  'ai  31am  n"3pn  bia  WM  rronsuj  he 
makes  compassion  the  standard  (or  reason)  of  the  divine 
laws,  while  they  are  decrees  (the  reasons  for  which  it 
behooves  not  man  to  discuss);  Y.  ib.  V,  9C  bs  ISTl  X11p3 
'31  'a  because  it  sounds  as  if  he  were  finding  fault  with 
the  ways  of  the  Lord  (as  if  the  Lord  were  partial) ;  ",ri3a 
'ai  'ab  n33Jip  as  though  he  were  setting  limits  to  the  at- 
tributes of  the  Lord. 




PHD,  JTTQ  ch.  l)same.  Targ.  Ps.  LVI,  5 ;  11  PW*W 
W*l,  """am  'a,  v.  preced.  Targ.  Lam.  I,  1 ;  a.  e.— Suh.  38b 
ion  "o  Stin  TW  "'"Pit  the  two  dimensions  are  alike. — 
[2)  tribute.  Ezra  IV,  20,  a.  e.,  v.  n^a.] 

tfPTC,  v.  -TO. 
t  :    •  !  • 

Sn"TD,  Targ.  Esth.  I,  2  bam  'a  n^  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  Amst. 

ban  rn  nana)  read  bam  wa^ro  n->  nana. 

S1"ID  m.  f*W)  affliction.  Targ.  Esth.  VI,  1  &8VTB  our 



'"QUE,  M.  Kat.  12b  some  ed.,  v.  SOiana  a.  VtyfitV^ 

VTHD  m.  (b.  h.;  nrj)  /?ua?.  Mace.  14b;  Nidd.  41b  IS 
r:  XS^ir  until  the  flux  is  discharged  through  &c.  lb. 
rtrffioa  WlTa  what  flows  from  her  is  subject  to  the 
e  laws  as"  her  body.   lb.  Xaaa  WJ"TS  (not  n&taaa). 

XmilTQ)  Yoma  23*  Ar.  s.  v.  Tl»,  v.  6TOO. 

"HE,  Gen.  E.  s.  91  KOatfl  'an  (ed.  Wil.  "PTOS),  v.  "KPJB. 
;.  Kidd.  IV,  65d  top  nbin  ifta,  read:  t^. 

*™,  BTTja  *mvn  'a,  v.  mq^l 

?jilI2  m.Cr^)i?esWe.Bets.I,7;Tosef.ib.I,18.Ib.l7;a.e. 
r     fcCHQ  m.  ch.=next  w.  Lam.  E.  to  I, 1  ^rCTi  ('nxa  *in3) 


c<pbda  '^  "in  a  wooden  mortar  that  had  been  thrown 
away  (broken). 

HDilQ  f.  (b.  h.  nana;  ^1)  1)  mortar.  Tosef.  Bets. 
I,  17.  Yoma  75a,  v.  ^Wl.  Kel.  XXIII,  2  n^lan'a  a  Median 
mortar  (on  the  protruding  handles  of  which  the  pounders 
ride  when  at  work);  [Maim.,  (ed.  Dehrenb.  nn"na,  corr. 
ace):  a  sort  of  saddle,  v.  infra].  Sabb.  81u  mvp  'a  SPOttS 
'a  (v.  Tosaf.  a.  1.)  as  large  as  the  leg  of  a  small  spice 
mortar;  Y.  ib.  VIII,  end,  llc.  — 2)  a  mortar- shaped  seat. 
Yeb.  16a;  Y.  ib.  3a  hot.  Kel.  XXIII,  2,  v.  supra. 

fcCpllE  m.  ch.=h.  rpta.  Sot.  22a  ssraan . . .  'a  tfr* 
'a  "o  (he  is  called)  the  'pestle-Pharisee'  because  he  is  bent 
sideways  like  a  pestle  (in  the  mortar). 


RTQ^nn  f.  ch.=h.  roTTO.  Targ.O.  Num.  XI, 8  (Targ. 
Y.II  snriraj.— Y.  Bets.  I*  60d  top.  Y.  Sabb.  VII,  10a  bot. 
hTOTTO.   Ib.  JTTOTTO  (corr.  ace). — [Lam.E.  to  I,  3;  Num. 

E.s.  12  'a  varmna,  v.  kw«o.] 

3T1Q  m.  (apocopate  infin.  of  ^b/n)  the  act  of  drawing 
water.  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  II,  19,  v.  n*b/n. 

"2T\12,  v.  WW. 

"HID  m.  (1W  I)  1)  dwelling.— WW  'a  (DV'ss,  dw  'a) 
a-  dwelling  that  has  been  occupied  by  gentiles  (in  Pales- 

tine, which  is  unclean  until  examined  and  found  free  of 
corpses).  Tosef.  Ohol.  XVIII,  10  '?n  'a  ypTO  lESTO  how 
is  a  vacated  gentile  dwelling  examined? — Ib.  6  D^fVC 
'?n  'a  d'VBW  Samaritan  inmates  make  a  dwelling  subject 
to  the  law  of  m'dor  ha'ammim.  Ohol.  XVIII,  9;  a.  fr. — 
2)  story,  compartment.  E.  Hash.  24b  'pbsn  'a  the  upper 
story  of  the  heavens;  "jinnnn  'a  the  lower  story  (sphere 
of  the  heavenly  bodies).  Nidd.  31a  "pnnnn  'a  the  lowest 
compartment  of  the  womb.  Pirke  d'E.  El.  ch.  XXIII ;  a. 
fr.— PI.  n-Htta,  fHtm  Ohol.  XVIII,  7  dTtirn  'a;  Pes.  9a 
d"H2J"Dn  'a  (v.  **&&)',  a.  e.— Tosef.  Mikv.VI,  1  ttVftfva  (E. 
S.  to  Mikv.  VIII,  1  n-nvia)  the  dwellings  therein.— [Tosef. 
Maas.  8h.  I,  5  THa  WOO,  v.  Tha.]  —  [Midr.  Prov.  ch.  VI; 
Yalk.  ib.  939  frfta,  v.  rTtfva.] 

"lilQ,  fcOllQ  ch.  same.  Targ.  Ps.  LXXVI,  3.  Targ. 
Gen.  XXX,  20T;— PI.  Tfho,  IWW,  Ib.  VI,  16  (com- 
partments of  the  ark);  Targ.  0.  ib.14.  Targ. I  Chr.  IV, 41. 
Targ.  Job  XXXVII,  8;  a.  e.— Ib.  XXXVIU,  40  tKtffho.— 
[■nvia,  Bekh.  44b,  v.  ifi-ra.] 

SHITQ  f.=next»  w.  Targ.  Is.  XXX,  33  KmBtfi  'a  (ed. 
Lag.  xniUiX  ttrOa,  corr.  ace).  V.  XFnria. 

nn^llD  f.  (b.  h.;  WI)  row.  pile  of  ivood,  fire.  Tarn. 
I,  1  dtiJ  tHrhn  'ai  and  there  was  an  open  fire  place  there. 
Bets.  II,  5;  a.  e.—  PI.  constr.  ^la.  Midr.  Prov.  ch.  VI; 
Yalk.  ib.  939  din*^  'a  t*>  the  fourteen  pyres  of  Gehenna. 

^riH^lQ  ch.  same.  Bets.  32b;  Erub.  101a. 
t   :         : 

XtS^TQ  m.  (v.  next  w.)  treading;  (Arab.)  polishing. 
—  'al  xrnain.    Erub.  69a  (Ms.  0.  'na);   M.  Kat.  12b,  v. 

HtS^nQ  f.  (b.  h.  H#TD ;  «J«n)  that  which  is  trodden 
or  threshed!  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  CXIX,  25.— PL  d^na.  Ib. 
(Gen.  E.  s.  69  «Jfcj  q.  v.). 

"TO,  ^"HE  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  Media.  Shek.  Ill,  4  'a  diub 
on  behalf  of  "the  Median  Jews.  B.  Kam.  IX,  5  tb^S* 
'ab  (^SS)  mnx  he  must  carry  it  (the  unlawful  property) 
after  him  even  as  far  as  Media.  Kidd.  71 b  nbm  'a  Media 
is  sick  (doubtful  as  to  purity  of  descent),  v.  0015;  Gen. 
E.  s.  37,  end;  Y.  Yeb.  I,  end,  3b;  Y.  Kidd.  IV,  65d  top  *rra 
(read  ">'Ha).  Esth.  E.  to  I,  3  'an  tWttJn  nine  portions  (of 
beauty)  has  Media;  (different  in  Kidd.  49 b).  Ab.  d'E.  N. 
ch.  XXVIII  'a  bir  miI5l3>  (ed.  Schechter  "Win)  the  wealth 
of  Media  (Eome);  a.  fr. 

"H/G>  ^"IQ  m.  (preced.)  Median.  Sabb.  II,  1,  a.  e.,  v. 
DVU.  Yoma  llb  'an  1SU5  a  Median  gate  (archway).  Esth. 
E.  to  I,  22  'a  "("nub  the  Median  language;  a.  e.  —  'Fem. 
mra,  tV**TQ.  Ib.  Kel.  XXIII,  2,  v.  narra;  a.  e.—Pl.  ni*Ta. 
Esth.  E.  to'l,  11.  Sabb.  VI,  6,  v.  CfJB.  Y.  ib.  XII,  13c  bot!; 
ib.  IX,  end,  12b  'a  d^an  Median  wheat-grains;  a.  e. 

^"I1I2,  H&HD  ch.  same.  Dan.  VI,  l.—Pl.  W^a.  Targ. 
Esth.TX,2.   [YTAb!zar.n,  41c  top  X^Ta,  v.  n^na.] 

riDnia,  v.  nai^ra. 





ri"l"1'lD  f.  (ma)  measuring.  B.  Mets.  61 b  (ref.  to  maa, 
Lev.  XIX,  #35)  Spnp  mma  It  this  refers  to  land-measur- 
ing. Pesik.  Vayhi,  p.  7;l  (ref.  to  Ex.  XXVI,  6  a.  11)  1HK 
'Dl  'ab  one  mam  refers  to  the  measuring  (fitting),  the 
other  to  anointing  (the  tabernacle  after  it  is  put  up).  Y. 
Sot,  IX,23C  hot.;  Snh.  14b,Y.pW<3>.— Sot.  45a,  v.  fib}? ;  a.e. 

D'OV'IQ,  Pesik.  Ekhah,  p.  1221',  v.  "ji^. 

nn"IC,  Targ.  Prov.  XIV,  14  ed.  Wil.,  v.  rTTC  II. 

""TO,  Wl  nfti.^  *i»,  Win. 

-      T  •     T  TT      T  -T7  •  t'  ttt 

T     T   :     •  t  t  : 

■7H0,  v.  v™. 

P'TO,  v.  ftp. 
"TO  v.  13. 

£  j-E  I  pr.n.  (b.h.)  Afz'fZtan,  a  nomadic  tribe.  Targ.  Ex. 
II,  16;  a.  fr.— Num.  E.  s.  20,  v.  Ian ;  Snh.  105a;  a.  fr.— 
Denom.  ^ma^/.d^ma.  Num.R.l.c.';  Tanh.Balak3; 

"£"$3  II  m.  (b.  h.;  yn)  strife.  — PL  WJWJfc  T;ma. 
Hor.Vo1'  'ai  ya  'a  Vwn«  he  (Lot)  cast  strife  between  Is- 
rael and  Ammon;  Naz.  23,)(corr.  ace). 

W'HE,  V.  KfiJ'na. 

n  J  '  |Q  f.  (b.  h. ;  "("n  I)  [jurisdiction,]  district,  country. 
Maas.  Sh.  Ill,  4  (contrad.  to  Jerusalem).  R.  Hash.  IV,  3 ; 
Succ.  Ill,  12  (contrad.  to  the  Sanctuary);  a. fr. — In  gen. 
province ; large  toun,  capital.  Pes.51a  'an  b:>  all  the  people 
of  the  place.  Gen.  R.  s.  50,  end,  v.  ^ims.  Esth.  1, 1 
ITDIbtt  'a  'a  Y8 . .  .  '3D  dlpa  b2  wherever  'ir  is  used  in 
the  Scriptures,  it  means  a  capital,  wherever  m'dinah  is 
used,  it  means  an  hyparchia  (province);  a.  fr. 

snyia,  *ftra,  arDin  m.  (^  East.  Targ.  y. 

nGen.'XV,T19.  Targ.  Job  1,3' (h.  text' dip);  a.  fr.— Y. 
Gitt.  II,  44b  top  'a  ^3a  (=h.  dip  W)  nomads.  Gen.  R.  s. 
37,  end  (translating  dlpn  in,  Gen.  X,  30)  'a  "Hid  the 
mountains  of  the  East.— Constr.mia.  Targ.Num.XXXIV, 
1 1 ;  a.  e.— Y.  B.  Bath.  II,  1 3C  top  mms'iaa  on  the  east-side 
of  him. 

bswtq  (ra  •  •  •),  **3n"ra f-  ch-=h-  tt?-  Targ- 

Is.  X,T13  (ed.  Lag.Tmila).  Targ.  II  Esth.  VIII,  9.  —Targ. 
Prov.  XVI,  32  (h.  text  ITS).  Targ.  Y.  II  Num.  XXIV,  24 
SMI  'a  Constantinople  (or  Rome);  a.e. — Taan.  19b,  v. 
atmisa.  Lam.  R.  to  I,  1  Tffl  beg.  'a  'Wfl  ""b^S  Sin  the 
gate  of  that  city;  a.  fr.— PI.  IJTRJ,  Nn3"Ha.  Targ.  II Esth. 
1.  c.   Targ.  I  Kings  XX,  14.   Targ!  II  Esth.  IV,  11 ;  a.  fr. 

X  I'lQ  m.  pm  I)  =h.  rl^to,  winnowing  fan.  Targ.  Is. 
XXX,T24  (ed.  Jj&g.' pi.).— PL  KWk  Targ.  Jer.  XV,  7. 

fcCfiS'TQ  m.  (*\2*)  marker,  marfc.-PJmiaia^v.snsiaia. 

JSHlJ  iD  f.  psi)  cleansing,  house-cleaning.  Targ.  II 
Esth.  Ill,  8. 

S?i!p"]Q  f.  (JOT)  clean  fat  (permitted  to  eat).  Bekh. 
30a  Var.  in  Ar.,  v.  "JO  III. 

710,  part.  Hif.  of  bbn. 

blD,  N^IQ,  fcOTO  m.  (compound  of  xa,  ~x  a.  b) 
belonging,  property.  Y.  Keth.  VI,  30'1  hot.  T^psnx  .  .  *i 
"peW*l  bla  mas  orphan's  money  was  given  in  tr  of 
R.  . .;  Y.  Gitt.  V,  46'1  bot.  (insert  mas);  Y.  Shel-  Y?4s:i 
bot.  Y.  Ned.  IX,  41c  r^Via!  Kin  himself  an'1  ..-"^'tever 
belonged  to  him.  Lam.  R.  to  1, 1  va"!  beg.  Y"  TptKl 
rV^ma  and  gave  him  his  belongings  in  cl  .ge.  i'>.  end 
"pm'al  JOnlS  b3)  all  these  riches  and  belongings.  Ib.mbm 
'ai  "tym  "paoi  Kbl  (read  mbla)  I  was  afraid  lest  his  rel- 
atives may  take  away  his  belongings;  a.  e. — V.  fctblia. 

Jtf  "Q  I  m.  watchman's  lodge,  v.  Nb-jax. 

*       1m 

S  >"/G  II  m.,  pi.  N^bla  pb'n)  dratcing,  resorbing. 
Pes.  40a  '31  Wt*»^*pa  aax  b=  as  long  as  the  grains  absorb 
liquid,  they  do  not  ferment;  v.  tfb-ra. 

rnfcO"ID,  v.  next  w. 

T\yT)12  f.,  pi.  m'sblo  (denom.  of  nsbl)  gourd-fields. 
Shebi.  Il",  1  'aai  niKttJpaa  (ed.  Y.  a.  Ms.  m!  '531  '©pa;  not 
'xbia)  in  cucumber  and  gourd  fields ;  ib.  2.  Y.  ib.  II,  beg. 
33c  nsbiai  niapa  'ib  D^iua  R.  s.  a.  1.  c.  (ed.  nbmai . . .  ia . . .) 
when  he  himself  has  a  field  of  &c;  a.  e. — Erub.  104*  "psbia 
Ms.  M.  (ed.  V^Vi),  v.  rTtJjja. 

frODTQ,  SDEHD  m.  (rtOT)  sleeping*-'-*  (n)Ta  resrf- 
iny  |?Zrtce,  bed-room.  Targ.  Job  XXXIII,  15.  Ib.  19  (Ms. 
'-pa).  Targ.  Y.  Gen.  II,  24  'TO;  a.  e. 


toso  p,  v.  la  I. 

v.  in. 

m  i 

1fj]2,  I^Q  m.  (=pi"a;  b.h.  HWWj  ft?,  H«/".)  knot  in 
reed-matting.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.  XI,  12  'ab  ^ta  1pQla'«r*t) 
(R.  S.  to  Kel.  XX,  7  ",1a)  two  handbreadths  of  matting 
between  each  two  knots.— PL  a^TO,  "p^a,  'Sira.  Ib.  11 
'a  ilDiO  IttJp  NbD  tJ  (not  "nSp;  R.  S.  1.  c.  'Sa)  before  he 
knotted  the  tops  of  the  knots.  Ib.  VII,  11  [read:]  ITOpiiaa 
nbD  'an  "Weei  (v.  R.  S.  to  Kel.  XVII,  17).  Kel.  XX,  7  *Wa. 
Succ.  13b;  Y.  ib.  II,  end,  52c  '3>a. 

Sj^Q  ch.  same,  bunch,  bouquet.  —  PL  constr.  I»3'TO. 
Sabbr3T35  Ar.  (ed.  "OSWa). 

^31^?  m-  CW  ohJect  °f  strife-  Targ-  Ps-  LXXX,  7 
(Ms.  a.  Regia  !>»"ma). 

rem  xrenn,  sn^na,  v.  m™. 

-  :    -'  t    :    •    :  r     .   :    -'  n    •* 

^^  m.  (b.  h.;  ST;)  intelligence.  Mace.  23a,  v.  -r1;. 

^^D,  S^^T^,  C  ch.  same,  knowledge,  teaching;  reason. 
Targ.  Jer.  Ill',  15.  Targ.  Prov.  I,  5.  Targ.  Ps.  XXXIV,  1 
(Ms.  Tan). — 'a  FT*  (euphem.  for  Tips  *pna3a)  male  adult. 
Targ.  I  Sam.  XXV,  22;  a.  fr.  —  PL  (fem.  form)  $5Kja,  'TO 
objects  tvorth  knowing  or  well-known,  (used  of  persons) 
notables.  Targ.  0.  Deut.  I,  13;  15  (v.  Berl.  Massorah,  p. 
120;  h.text  DW^.—V.  SWa. 

D3^TQ>  i  »  m-  (comp.  of  3?la,  v.  preced.,  a.  enclitic 
a  for  Ka)  [noticeable,]  something;  anything  (corresp.  to  h. 




BWD,  naWO  or  W).  Targ.  Job  XXXI,  7.  Targ.  Gen. 
XXII,  12  (Y.  LevitaO;H3a).  Targ.  Deut.  XVII,  1;  a.  fr.— 
liekh.  511'  n-QS  ttT«a  "TO  (Rashi  a.  Tosaf.)  thou  didst  some- 
thing  wrong  (in  giving  the  redemption  money  with  the 
•tation  of  getting  it  refunded).  Snh.  55a  S«iT!!K  '■»»« 
'3"N»  doing  something  else  (unnatural  gratification)  he 
ougl  '  .to  be  punished.  Tanh.  Huck.  2  X3K0S  'a  *,a  from 
any  till'-  iclean.  B.  Bath.  123a  'a  &6l ...  K^ITO  Kb  (Ms. 
M.  T<fi/  >  Id  Joseph  have  been  given  no  preference 
whatever?;  a..e. — V.  "W?,  6'HU. 

T\TV2,  v.  nrnia. 

*]123  m.  (~2t;  v.  v]1)  clap-board,  trap  for  birds.  Kel. 

*p23  m.  (ri3)  a  vessel  used  for  smoking  bees  out,  v. 
reva*.  Kei.  xvi,  7. 

*]123  m.  (vHJ)  indirect  contact  by  shaking,  breathing 
&c.  (cmp.  lyVTa,  asrn). — Esp.  'a  risCMO,  or  'a  the  unclean- 
ness  of  an  object  arising  from  an  unclean  person's  in- 
direct contact;  the  object  thus  made  unclean ;  uncleanness 
of  a  minor  degree.  Nidd.  4a  TWltl  )V0  (xa-j)  'tfl  (Tosef. 
Toh.  IV,  4  D*na)  and  an  object  of  minor  uncleanness 
rests  under  it.  Sifra  M'tsor  a,  Zabim,  ch.  IV,  Par.  3  niUTS 
'a  Vnnn  he  makes  the  things  under  him  (e.  g.  cushions 
directly  under  his  head)  unclean  as  a  middaf;  a.  e. — PI. 
'  itffflo  laws  concerning  middaf.  Y.  Sot.V,  20b.  Y.  Dem.  II, 
23a  top.— Y.  Sabb.  VII,  9J  hot.  mM«  'a  ina  what  kind  of 
middaf oth?  Contact. 


pT5»  v. 
agro,  v.  -^. 

"1123  m.  (transpos.  of  TB9,  v.  IW*W)  [fallings,  v.  bbs,] 
ordure,  a  material  used  for  vessels.  Sifra  M'tsor'a,  Neg., 
Par.  6,  ch.  IV.  [R.  S.  to  Neg.  XII,  6  quotes  T"ia,  ref.  to 
KTW  Ab.  Zar.  75lj.] 

"1123,  jffi/".  "man  (denom.  of  "p-rTO)  to  sfrmi,  to  incline. 
B.  Bath.  22b  ^1  nx  THaaa  Ar.  a.  Ms.  F.  (Ms.  M.  "n-WJOa; 
ed.  THDHQ,  Ms.  H.  WaOj  Ms.  0.  "PTTQWj;  v.  Rabb.  D.  S. 
a.  1.  note)  when  he  inclines  the  sill  of  his  wall  (so  that 
none  can  stand  or  lean  on  it). 

5^1123  m.,  pi.  "ma  (transpos.  of  XTia;  "TH;  cmp. 
■p-na)  water-courses.,  gutters.  Sabb.  145b  \eOTi  "n  W  (Ms. 
M.  'a  "U;  Ms.  0.  *TTa  "a)  the  drains  of  Babylonia;  Bekh. 
*4b  Tffia  (corr.  ace). 

IS  123  m.  (transpos.  of  ama,  *fi;  cmp.  preced.)  cAas- 
tising  whip.  Yoma  23a  (Ms. L.  xsma ;  Ar. s.  v.  Ttf :  xn-iTna ; 
Ms.  0.  WTOSno,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  8),  v.  ?">pS  I. 

51 .31123,  "H123  f.  (b.  h.;  JttT*)  1)  embankment,  ac- 
clivity. Kil.  VI,  2  Taa  nnso  yiBCJ  nnx  one  row  on  level 
ground  and  one  on  the  embankment.  Y.  ib.  30c  top  SIS"1!!' 
■pab3  "0T>  (not  SETO)  the  slope  of  the  embankment  is 
considered  as  if  on  a  level  with  the  lower  ground ;  Y. 
Sabb.  XI,  13abot.;  a.  ix.—Pl.  PYfeTW,  **$,  Tosef.  Peah 
I,  9.  Shebi.  II,  8;  Tosef.  ib.  Ill,  4,  v.  fcOa.—  2)  step,  rank. 

"1123,  pi.  nWlO,  v.  THa. 

SrVOT)l23  f.  pr.  n.  (-pi)  Madrokhitha,  name  of  a 
peak.   Targ.  I  Sam.  XIV,  4  (h.  text  ri3D). 

1*11123,  123  (in  Y.  Dial.)  T^rMa,  p*$Q  m.  (v.  SOTa  a. 
Tft  II)  sloping;  'a  Dlpa  declivity'.'^PesA2,l,  opp. ■("liaax.  B. 
Mets.  82b,sq.-Y. Sabb. XI,  13abot.'3ia  Dipan  .-pnun  when 
the  place  was  sloping;  Y.  Erub.X,  26a  bot.  OOj  Y.  B.Bath. 
I,  end,  13a  "p-TOa.  Y.  Erub.  I,  18c  top  '21  '31a  nTl  (sub. 
Dips)  if  there  was  a  declivity  in  the  middle  of  the  alley. 
Y.Sot.  IX,  23c  bot.  '3a.— Tosef.  Mikv.  IV,  10  (expl.  Iffrnu) 
'to  -pxan  Q"a\m  <V  (Maim,  to  Mikv.  V,  6  'an  -,a)  rain 
water  that  runs  down  a  declivity. 

1*11123,  T123  ch.  same.  Targ.  Mic.  1, 4  (ed.  Wil.  'TO ; 
h.  text  "rfte).  Targ.  Ps.  LXXXIII,  14  (ed.  Lag.  'ma).  V. 


nJn")l23,  v.  w*b. 

D  '123  m.  (CTn)  1)  treading,  place  trodden  upon,  in 
gen.  basis,  seat,  esp.  midras,  levitical  uncleanness  arising 
from  a  gonorrhoeist's  immediate  contact  by  treading,  lean- 
ing against  &c.  Nidd.  VI,  3  '£(3)  Mffloh  bz  whatever  can 
be  made  unclean  as  a  midras;  expl.  ib.  49 b  'ab  i;m  be 
whatever  is  fit  to  be  used  as  a  seat,  couch  &c.  Kel.  XXIV, 
1.  Par.  X,  1;  a.  v.  fr. — In  gen.  ■fatBEtfl  ax,  uncleanness 
of  the  first  degree.  Hag.  II,  7 ;  a.  fr. — PI.  ivfefl'lfi  cases  of 
midras.  Hull.  35a.  Sabb.  59a;  a.  e. —  2)  a  sort  of  shoe  or 
heel.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.  II,  14  'ab  IX  bl3>3ab  "Wpnn  E. 
S.  to  Kel.  XII,  5  (ed.  D"nnab,  corr.  ace.)  if  he  made  the 
nail  for  a  shoe  or  a  midras. 

asni23,  v.  k*™. 

JSpH123,  v.  xp^a. 

w~n23  m.  (b.  h. ;  nJ*Tn)  textual  interpretation;  study. 
Keth.  IV,  6  '31  IBTl  'a  nt  the  following  interpretation 

did  R teach  &c. ;  Shek.  VI,  6.— Y.Yeb.XV,  14d  fna» 

'a  rxaxo,  v. naina ;  a.  fr.— Ab.  1, 17  'ai  fpVh  xin  'an  xb 
not  study  is  the  main  thyig,  but  practice  is.    Kidd.  49a 

bot.  '-Q  term  .  .  .  n3raa  by  Mishnah ,  R.  Judah  says, 

we  understand  textual  interpretation  (as  Sifra,  Sifre  &c), 
contrad.  to  rvebn.  Ib.b  niin  an*ia  min  tftl  (R.  Johanan 
means)  by  Torah  the  interpretation  of  the  Torah  text ;— 'an  tn  (abbr.a"nn)  school,  college.  Meg.27a  3"nn 
a"n3  VWDSb  "ma  you  may  change  a  synagogue  into  a 
school  house;  a.  fr.— PI.  tn&fvx  Ker.  13b.  Y.  Ter.  VIII, 
45b  top;  (ib.  I,  40d  ni^ipa).  Gen.  R.  s.  42  'a  VC  school 
houses;  a.  fr. — Esp.  Midrash,  homiletic  book,  nm  lUTra 
Midrash  Babbah,  homilies  on  the  Pentateuch  (and  the  five 
M'gilloth)  (beginning  with  nn"i  xiSUin  "\).— TVtn  'a  (from 
its  beginning  n^n,  Prov.XXII,29)=Di-Pirn  ■«)  'a  Canti- 
cum  Babbah;  "irox  'a  Midrash  Esther  or  Esther  Babbah 
&c— bxiaaJ  'a  a  Midrash  to  the  Books  of  Samuel ;  D"1^  "3, 
also  nia  in/id  (from  its  beginning,  Pro  v.  XI,  27)  a  Midrash 
to  the  Psalms.  —  xa^n3Pi  'a  Midrash  Tanhuma,  to  the 
Pentateuch.— PI.  P&hm  Midrashim,  esp.  nian  Babboth 
(a  plural  of  nan  by  false  analogy). 





XJ£FHD,  '112  ch.  same.  Lev.  R.  s.  9  'o  X3nn  (read: 
i35nx;  Num'.  R.'s.'9  noil  WW)  the  lecture  was  delayed. 
—'a  13  (in  Targ.  frequ.  only  'o)  =h.  union  JVQ,  v.  preced. 
Targ.  Y.  Gen.  IX,  27.  lb.  XXV,  27;  a.  fr.  — Ab.  Zar.  74b; 
Erub.  60a,  v.  mis.  Y.  Yoma  III,40C  bot.,  v.  nin.  Pes.  33a; 
a.  e.— PI.  T^"]0,  HNltfto,  "^.  Targ.  Jud.  V,  24.  Targ.  Ps. 
LXXX,  11;  ale. 

XD™ni3,  'a  xnup33,  v.  xn-na. 

TV2,  TV2  (b.  h.)  1)  something ;  anything.  Num.  R.  s. 
14;  Tanh.  Haye  3,  v.  rvybz.—2)  what  ?  which?  Hull.  89a 
(play  onbbx  03Oxn,Ps.LVIII,  2)  bbx3...in301X  rfB  which 
is  the  best  policy  for  man  in  this  world?  Let  him  act  as  if 
he  were  mute  (keep  silence).  B.Mets.  63a,a.e.ibno  "nib  ITO 
"(ii'i'al  what  are  they  to  me  and  what  their  equivalent,  i. 
e.  what  difference  does  it  make  whether  the  purchased 
objects  or  their  equivalent  be  delivered?;  Y.  YomaV,  43a 

bot.  ■jme-i  fa  noi  'jrwa  no.  b.  Bath.  32b;  3ia  ib  (ib)  rra 

"ipttJb  what  motive  could  he  have  to  tell  a  lie?  lb.,  a.  e. 
'31  nns  OlpOD.  Ipcb  ib  no  we  do  not  apply  the  principle 
I  bat  we  believe  a  defendant  because  he  has  no  motive 
to  he,  where  witnesses  are  on  hand;  a.  v.  fr. — S]K  ...  Mo 
wbat..  .?,  even  so,  i.  e.  as... so.  Gitt.  23b/3l  C)X...Onxno 
as  you  (Num.XVlII,  28)  refers  to  Israelites,  so  must  your 
delegate  be  an  Israelite.  Sabb.  133b  '31  C]X  .  .  Xin  no  as 
He  is  gracious  and  merciful,  so  be  thou  &c;  a.  fr. — 

piy  b3  xb. .,  v.  ?r.— *,"*!  i3ix  ...  no,  v.  *,i*j  H.— pttj .  .-b  no 

loxn . . .  what  has  this  to  do  with  . . .?  In  this  case  . . ., 
whereas  &c,  i.  e.  it  is  different  tcith  . . .  because  &c.  Kidd. 
4b  '31  loan  . . .  pttJ  no-rb  no  the  case  of  a  Y'bamah  is 
different,  because  she  can  neither  be  acquired  by  means 
of  a  document,  whereas  this  (an  ordinary  woman)  &c. ;  a.  fr. 
— -jtfJB?  no  (in  Babli  mostly:  "]1UB3  noo ;  abbr.  3"00)  what- 
ever be  thy  opinion  (from  whatever  opinion  thou  start),  i. 
e.  whichever  side  you  take,  at  all  events.  Y.  Ber.  I.  2b  '3  'a 
'31  OX  at  all  events  (he  has  offended);  if  it  was  day-time 
when  the  first  stars  (on  Friday  evening)  were  visible,  it 
was  day-time  when  the  first  stars  (onSabbath  evening)  were 
visible  &c;  Sabb.  35b  3"aa  nxon  3""n  must  bring  a  sin- 
offering  at  all  events  (whether  you  consider  twilight  a 
part  of  the  day  or  a  part  of  the  night).  lb.  34a  (in  Chald. 
diet.)  '31  ix  ~pE3  no  whichever  side  you  take,  if  twilight 
is  day  &c.  Erub.  10a  '31  iX  3"00  ">b  nob  .  .  .  nbl"tt  what 
reason  was  there  for  saying  'large  .  .  .'?  In  either  case 
(it  is  incorrect),  if  it  be  to  permit  the  use  of  the  larger 
court  &c.  Hull.  29a  '31  nxna  iX  3"oo  in  either  case  (the 
slaughtering  is  ritually  correct) ;  if  you  adopt  the  opinion 
that  an  exact  half  is  to  be  considered  as  if  it  were  the 
larger  portion  &c; — lb.  78b  "|tt5B3  OX  no,  v.  CE3. — 
nE2  a)  tvherewith?  B.  Bath.  10b  '31  Dim  nao.  whereby 
can  the  horn  of  Israel  be  lifted  up?  Sabb.  II,  1 ;  a.  fr. — 
b)  in  tvhat  case  ?  Qiniox  Qi-Qn  noa  (abbr.  X'"l3),  v.  lox  I. 

— nsb  wherefore?  Ber.  3a  ib  nob  JOO-O nbnn  what 

need  is  there  for  a  sign  for  the  beginning  of  the  first 
watch  ?  M.  Kat.  28a  '31  n3O03  'b  why  is  the  account  of  the 
death  of  Miriam  attached  to  &c.?;  a.  fr. —  nab  to  what?, 
whereto?  Kidd.40bQibfflO3  0"ip"*ra  'bwhat  are  the  righteous 
to  be  compared  to?— non  "Qin  'b,  v.  no*l;— V.  nob. 

'  T  T  '  T  T 

—3)  (relat.)  tuhich,  what.  Pes.  88b  '31 13.5  n3plU  no  what- 
ever the  slave  acquires  belongs  to  the  master.  Ber.  I,  1 
'31  IIOXTU  no  bs  for  whatever  act  the  scholars  designated 
the  time  'up  to  midnight'  &c;  a.  v.  fr. 

TV2f  TV2  ch.  same  (v.  Xo).  Targ.  II  Sam.  XVHI,  23.  Targ. 
Ex.XXXIII,21;  a.  v.  fr.— Snh.  65b;  Gen.  R.s.  ll,v.X-n"r.. 
Y.  Ned.  VI,  end,  40a  'on  nip3.\B  no  what  (prominent  men) 
I  left  there  (in  Palestine);  Y.  Snh.  I,  19a  top  (corr.  ace.) 
[lb.  ib  5110  no,  read  'XO.]— Y.  Gitt.  I,  43'1  yaup  *,3X  no 
what  do  we  stand  at,  i.  e.  what  is  the  case  before  us? 
Y.  Dem.  I,  21d  bot.  '31  "tt  -ffiBX  no  what?  is  it  possible 
that  &c?  i.  e.  it  is  impossible  that  &c;  ib.  bl3ia  'T  "l  no 
'31  it  is  impossible  that  R.  Z.  should  eat  &c.  Y.  Sabb. 
XIV,  14c  "in^-a  no  wherein  do  they  differ?,  v.  fig,  Hull. 
34a,  a.  e.  -U3B3  no,  v. preced.;  a.  v.  fr.— X"ino=X",n  no,  how 
is  it?  Y.  Sabb.  I.e. 

tfRH,  v.  nno. 

T     T  T   T 

rn^JfllQ,  Y.  Keth.  1,  25b  top,  v.'jn.  [Comment,  take 
our  w.  as  a  geographical  designation  of  coins;  v.  Zucker- 
mann  Talm.  Miinzen,  p.  15.] 

S  I  MPQ  m.  fYTft)  review,  revision.  B.  Bath.  1571' 
'31  'm  XOp  'O  (in)  the  first  revision  (of  the  Talmudic 
traditions)  by  R.  Ashi  lie  told  us  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note 
3).  [In  later  literature  'o  edition.] 

^yClTTD  m.  fTTh)  peddler.— PI.  'nf»;ta  Ber.  51b,  v. 


fltllZ,  ISilQ,  Pi.  nn-o,  xnia  (v.  nno)  to  dissolve,  di- 

TT  TT  T       • '  "       •     v  It' 

lute;  (of  clothes)  to  make  threadbare  and  ragged.— P 'art. 
pass,  xnino,  f.  xnino,  nn^ino.  Toh.  IX,  9  nnmo  niboo 

ed.  Dehr.  (oth.  ed.  xn  . . . )  a  tattered  (scorched)  piece  of 
cloth;  Nidd.  56axnmon  niboo;  ib.4a'noinon  (corr. ace). 
Kel.  XXIV,  17  '31  rmbattJ  nnmo  a  threadbare  shred 
patched  on  a  sound  one  (nii"ia,  v.  KTB). 

Nif.  nno3,  xno?  to  be  tattered,  fall  to  pieces.  Ib. XXVII, 
12  ed.  Dehr.  xno3,  Mish.  ed.  nno3;  Talm.  ed.  nno3). 

Hif.  nnon,  xnon  to  dissolve;  to  crumble,  sift.  Maas. 
Sh.  V,  1  -]Bimi  nnop  Ar.  (ed.  pr.  xnop;  ed.  nnoo)  he  dis- 
solves (the  lime)  and  pours  it  over  the  spot;  B.Kam.69a 

nnoo  Ms.  r.  (ed.  nn . .).  Zeb.  54a  '31  xnooi ...  1i0  xino 

Ar.  (ed.  nnooi)  takes  lime,  molten  lead  and  pitch  and 
mixes  them  and  pours  &c.  Ohol.  XVIII,  4  nnooled.Dehr. 
(Ar.  xnooi,  ed.  nn . . .)  and  crumbles  (and  sifts  the  earth). 

^7712  h.  (=in  no)  what  is  it?  how  is  it?  Targ. 
II  Esth.  1, 2  (3) ;  a.  e  — Kidd.  33b  '31 1105i\I3  'o  how  is  it,  i.  e. 
must  his  father  stand  up  before  him?  Ib.  '31  masb  'o  must 
one  stand  up  &c.  ?— Y.  Yoma  III,  beg.  40b  iplio,  'o  what 
does  bor'kay  mean?— Hull.  46a  'o  opbna  how  is  it  if  the 
liver  is  &c,  v.  Opb;  a.  v.  fr.  —  OTTil  'o  what  is  it  you 
might  think?,  i.  e.  you  might  be  under  the  impression. 
Arakh.  21 ''  '31  ibim  'T  'o  you  might  assume  that  he  an- 
nulled (the  protest),  therefore  we  are  given  to  under- 
stand &c,  v.  X^urs ;  a.  fr. 




fcFDITO,  v.  ijina  ii. 

NTin^,  ^"n1l2  m.  (bnal)  circumciser.  Sabb.  156*. 
— P/.^xbina.  IbTl35a. 

N~T!E  I  f.  =  Xttb^ina  II.  Keth.8a  "3  "U  a  festival  of 


S*™-  II  m.  0*0)  sieve.  — PL  ve*b«m.  Y.  M.Kat. 

t  •  ,  ~  •  x  -         : 

I,  81 b  top  '31  '-  ""b-xs  "mn  permitted  to  make  sieves  dur- 
ing the  festive  week  for  the  use  on  the  Festival. 

Sri^nE  I  f.  same.  Gen.  R.  s.  81,  v.  STn;  Tanh. 
Vayishl.  8,  ▼.  WT/a  II.— Bets.  29b  'n*l  X3JX  on  an  inverted 
sieve.  —  PI.  WjWtO.  lb.  M.Kat.  lla  'a  \fWcb  to  plait 
sieves  (during  the  festive  week),  v.  preced. 

Nr~"rTC,  £  II  f.  (bnal)  circumcision;  foreskin. 
Targ.  Ex.  IV,' 25,  sq.  (0.  ed.  Berl.  xrbrrc).  Targ.  Y.  Gen. 
XLV,  4 ;  a.  e. 

PI  -*i"7£,  7712*7712  f.  (b.  h.;  O^n  or  nan)  commotion, 
trouble.  Ab.  V,  8  '-  ~V2  l~"i  a  famine  in  consequence  of 
(war)  trouble.  Koh.  R.  to  XII,  12  Xin  to...So«  '"3  nana 
'z'  for  mehemmah  (ib.)  read  m'hummah,  for  whosoever 
brings  more  than  the  twenty  four  Biblical  books  to  his 
house,  brings  trouble  &c;  a.e.  [Nidd.  4a  Tiainan,  v.Hfr:.] 

(KF£"r?£  ch.  same.  PI.  xrnna.  Targ.  Esth.  1, 10. 

-      T  "    T 

S"TO,  v.  rra  ch. 

•       T  » 

fcOlTD  (fcOTID),  v.  vofrm. 

fcC'TC,  v.  x=-rs. 

T         "     "  »      - 

S  J*T7J2  f.  (bna  I)  circumcision.  'a  "O  fit  for  circum- 
cision. Yeb.  71a. 

TD'TJQj  v.  ■jarn 

"PHH  I  m.  quick,  v.  nna. 

"1  <  \1Z  II  m.  mahir,  a  fabulous  animal  of  gigantic 
dimensions.  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  I,  39d  bot.  [read:]  b*ttb  Tno  TIB 
'="  KTRB  '-  ","."=  X3  -/'X  is  it  permitted  to  raise  animals 
(in  Palestine)  ?  SaysB.Ba,Even  an  animal  like  mahir  &c; 
Y.  Pes.  1Y,  30d  bot.  (con-,  ace);  Y.  B.  Kam.  VII,  end,  6a 
(out  of  place). 

rn~Pn£?  f.  freral)  quickness,  speed.  Gen.  R.  s.  10, 
oppos.  rvuTra. 

?T7!2  (=  bra)  to  circumcise.  Y.  Yeb.  VIU,  8d  top  br 
"b~"ab  r:a  with  the  condition  that  he  will  circumcise 
them.  Ib.  bot.  a"~3  ibnia  r.X  thou  must  circumcise  him 
(the  slave)  even  against  his  will.   Gen.  R.  s.  46.  Cant.  R. 

I,  12;—  Part.  pass.  $WTO.  Yeb.  71a,  v.  T?^:..  Ib. 

(KYTOS)  ~ib"0  born  without  a  prepuce;  a.  fr. 

~77!2  I  ch.  1)  same.  Yeb.  71b  5*18  xb  ::"a  Tfiaai  and 
rhy  did  they  notp-actice  circumcision  in  the  desert?  Ib. 

72a«T,a  Vbna  xb  we  do  not  perform  the  operation  on  it(a 
cloudy  day  &c).  Sabb.  134a  n^bna^bl  Ms.  M.  (ed.  rttbna^bi, 
v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  and  then  one  (they)  shall  cir- 
cumcise him.  Ib.  136a  mb  *,rbna  'Otl  bna"a  how  dare 
we  circumcise  him  (on  the  Sabbath)  ?  Ib.  3"aa  n^bna"^ 
let  us  circumcise  him  at  all  events  (v.  n*a  h.); — Part. 
bvra.  Ib.;  a.  fr.  —  2)  (neut.  verb)  to  be  circumcised.  Snh. 
39a  '3J1  *,3*bnan  "ax  we  who  are  circumcised  cannot  be- 
come like  you;  '=1  wbna  -prx  (Ms.  M.  "|bn^a,  read  ib-rn) 
have  yourselves  circumcised  and  be  like  us. 

3ljE  II  (cmp.  nna,  a.  bna;  cmp.  Is.  I,  22),  Af.  >nax 
to  attenuate,  dilute.  Pesik.  Ekhah,  p.  122b  (ref.  to  Is.  1.  c.) 
mb  Vrran  dilute  it  (the  wine);  Yalk.Is.258bvrox.-V.brria. 

sp^ra*  v.  r,brr2. 

:|  >l  112  m.  (b.  h.;  Tj?fj)  way,  journey,  diurnal  distance. 
Hag.  13a  'al 8JOT1  *0  a  journeying  distance  of  five  hundred 
years;  Pes.  94b;  Y.  Ber.  I,  2C  bot;  a.  fr. 

r[>fj73  \T^JT\U)  ch.  same.  Targ.  Jonah  III,  3,  sq. 
Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XII,  31. 

fcCDHD,  v.  xnbvna  II. 

rrrriZjniZ,  'ITS  f.  pi.  (b.  h.  nnana;  nan,  cmp.  -ran, 

"rani)  debris,  mounds  used  as  burying  places  for  executed 
criminals.  Y.  M.  Kat.  I,  80c  bot.  *03  . . .  rWWrti  in  former 
days  they  buried  them  (the  convicts)  in  mounds  (while 
later  on  special  places  were  provided  for  them ;  v.  Snh. 
VI,  5);  Y.  Snh.  VI,  23d  bot  'nan  (correct  the  entire  pas- 
sage in  accordance  with  Y.  M.  Kat.  1.  c). 

pTiCrjE  m.  ch.  same.  Targ.  Ps.  CXL,  11  Regia  (ed. 


ji  )22=-,n  -jxa.  Y.  Shebi.  IV,35a  bot'ai  rTia'a(Y.Snh. 
Ill,  21 b  -,xa)  who  told  thee  &c.?— [Y.Erub.  V,  end,  23a, 
read  ^na  fash  "mnx.] 

&OD5mE  m.  (~?n)  perverse.  Targ.  Prov.  XVI,  28. 

NPffiSnE,  v.  xn:=sn3. 

T  T    :     -     :  t      t  :    :v 

Hi  \!2  (b.  h.;  cmp.  nna)  to  exchange,  buy.  Denom.  "nia. 

Pi.  nrra  (cmp.  ^bn)  1)  to  hurry,  be  speedy.  Sabb.  97a 
'31  scab  nnnaa  comes  quicker  than  &c.  B.Kam.  93a  y,"?T3,3 
'31  p512S?  he  who  cries  for  revenge  will  sooner  be  punished 
than  he  who  is  cried  against.  Sifre  Deut.  277  "ax  nnaa 
135  "v"s  s-iEnb  I  (the  Lord)  will  sooner  take  revenge  when 
a  poor  man  is  wronged  than  when  a  rich  man  is ;  a.  fr. 
— 2)  to  expedite.  Kidd.  31b  "^Vina  expedite  me  (on  my 

"iHC,  v.  nnia. 

"iHE,  "I^HC  m.  (b.  h.;  preced. art.)  quick,  ready.  Ab. 
V,  12  "Oxb  'ai  Siairb  'a  quick  of  perception  and  quick 
to  forget  Ex.  R.  s.  11,  beg.;  a.  e. 

T^DTTIZ  f.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  speed;  'a2  speedily,  easily. 
Ab.V.20  twyj  'aasoon,  in  our  life-time.  Ber.  17a  "lEn'a 




'21  soon  destroy  their  counsel.  Ned.  20il  X3in  Nin  '33  vb 
will  not  easily  be  led  to  sin;  a.  e. 

DNiQ  pr.  n.  (b.  h.)  Moab,  son  of  Lot;  the  Moabite 
people.  Gen.  R.  s.  51,  end  ax  "*  *«  rVOtt  through  the 
merits  of  Moab,  that  is  rot  ab,  of  him  who  is  called  father 
(Abraham).  Num.  R.  s.  20  yna  DS  'C  "ranro  Moab  and 
Midian  formed  an  alliance;  a.  fr—  Targ.  Y.  Num.  XXV, 
15.  Targ.  Gen.  XIX,  37;  a.  fr. 

fcOX"l/C,  v.  next  w. 

TOpNOB  m.  ch.  =  next  w.  Targ.  0.  Num.  XXII,  3 
(Y.jasia,  read:  ^...);  a.e.— PI.  '*$$*,  't^C  Targ.  Gen. 
X 1  \ ,  3  7.  Targ.  Deut.  XXIII,  4 ;  a.  e.— Fern.  WTOKW,  Targ. 
Ruth  IV,  5;  a.  e. 

■QSjiQ  m.(b.  h.) Moabite.  Yeb.VIlI,  3  D'niDK  'arwas 
'21  marriage  with  an  Ammonite  or  a  Moabite  is  forbidden 
and  the  prohibition  continues  forever  (with  reference  to 
their  descendants;  Deut.  XXIII,  4);  a.  fr.-  PI.  OT^O, 
ataxia,  7*3X13.  Num.  R.  s.  20.  Gen.  R.  s.  74;  a.  fr.  — 
Fem.Vqitia.Yelr.  69a,  a.  e.  (ref.  to  Deut.  1.  c.)  xVl  13X13 
'"2  a  male' Moabite  is  excluded  from  intermarriage  but 
not  a  female. 

KTOS/to  v.  nxaxia. 

ynjnain,  "Oisia,  "prjalE,  *«#a 

TiNDriQ  f. (part.  Hof.  of  X13 ;  cmp.  Ex. XXVII,  7) wedged 
into,  exact  size  of.  Neg.  VI,  6  '3  rvaiSD  (Ar.  nai3)  exactly 
the  size  of  a  lentil ;  Tosef.  ib.  II,  10  quot.  in  R.  S.  to  Neg. 
1.  c.  (ed.  Zuck.  najwa,  v.  f&). 

WOla,  v.  im 

t  t  :  T  T  : 

mbvsno,  "b^oio,  v.  next  w. 

S^T'DiQ  f.  (ba1:)  load.  Gen.  R.  s.  80  mn^aia  TW 
carrying  his  load  (to  market).  Ib.  s.  70  mrf^aia  min  3X1 
'an  (not  IVctd,  "^tlTO)  and  if  his  load  was  worth  two 
&c,  v.  1Mb. 

b'yilZ,  fcOIND  c.same.  Y.Hall. IV,  end,60b;  Y.Dem, 
III,23b  hot.  *W  (corr.  ace).  Y.  Taan.  I,  64  b  hot.  hP^J  am 
nsaia  Bina  he  put  his  cloak  over  his  load.  Lam.  K.  to 
I,  1  Tn"i,  beg.  "jiDip"!  '"3  a  load  of  wood ;  a.  ir.—Pl.  ibaia. 
Ib.  introd.  (R.  Joh.  1),  v.  KjWB. 

STDTO,  v.  nxaw. 

T  '  1 

3172  ch.  =  b.  h.  Ma,  to  melt. 

Af.  max  to  cause  to  flow,  to  make  sore.  Gen.  R.  s.  41 
(ref.  to  "pato,  Is.  LI,  23)  -jrea  f  aToan  "j^X  (Ar.  "p^aai 
-"3,  fr.  "ttD),  v.  nbrfe ;  ib.  s.  69;  Yalk.  Is.  337  "pJtfl  "pVw 
-"a  (some  ed.  y^Btfl . .  .  "p13,  corr.  ace.).— V.  X^la. 

'Ithpol.  Jsiarx  (v.  Syr.  6053,  P.Sm.2001)  to  be  languid, 
to  act  like  a  languid  person.  Ab.  Zar.  70 b  Kin  K3b»3 
ayUajnjp'l  Ms.  M.  Var.  (Dot  "aatBrVNK;  strike  out  xa^sa 
SViarapn  Xin  as  a  tautography)  he  may  say,  I  was  only 
a  little  lazy  (and  stretched  myself  so  as  to  reach  over  to 
the  neighbor's  roof  ;Rashi  a.l.  quotes  aVaODX  Wl3n3h.). 

X\12  m.  («o)  a  melting  substance,  wax  (?).  Pesik.R.  s.  33 
(play  on  'STO^K,  II  Chr.  II,  7)  nffi  '»  Wl  the  hard  blocks 
became  soft  like  mog,  v.  fa$. 


fcOJIE  m.  (denom.  of  M8;  cmp.  bnia)  ptw,  tenacious 
matted'.  Hull.  48a  'a  K^a  if  the  abscess  in  the  kidneys 
is  full  of  matter,  opp.  D^DT  B^a.  Ib.  55b.  Yeb.  75b  pE31 
'si  'an  Bina  lYWB  (Ar.  '3  rWS  pS3i)  and  there  came  out 
of  the  wound  something  like  a  thread  of  pus,  and  yet  he 
begot  children  afterwards. 

*  SDbjjTO  m.  (bba  with  format.  C;  cmp.  ith,  sabap) 
pivot,  hing'e.-~Pl.  K*&Mia.  Targ.  I  Kings  VII,  50  (h.  text 

llQJ^Qf  "M3^S  m.  (v.  STiWa,  a.  135  I)  slices  j)u£  on 
coals, "offered  afte/dinner,  perfume.  Ber.  VI,  6.  Y.  ib. 
10(1  '=1  W9  nVsnttJ  "jfa  '3  as  soon  as  the  smoke  rises  from 
the  burning  spices  &c;  a.  fr.— Sabb.  18a  '«  Ttfttftf  Y.  ib. 
I,  4a  top  '53  yWVD,  v.  "138  I.— PZ.  niiaaW.  Ber.  43a. 

piE^E,  Y.  Keth.  IX,  33b  bot.  'a  'p,  v.  xa:::x^. 

rPJHlC,  niJI/C  f.(-iaxl)  storage,storedup provision, 
magazine.— PL  rffWO.  Tosef.  Dem.  I,  10  he  who  buys 
"jfTOa  ni"V\aian  ',a  ed.  Zuck.  (Var.  "1S3,  nnaa)  from  the 
stores  in  Zidon ;  Y.  ib.  1, 22a  bot.  Wb».  Tosef.  1.  c.  MTftia 
TCB  ed.Zuck.  (Var.  nTVWO,  WHiSm;  Y.  1.  c.  nniaa),  opp. 

hqryjTOt  v.  en* 

rnJlQ,  v.  rroia. 

"ITC  (cmp.  *Ha)  [£o  stretch  one's  self,]  to  swim.  Gitt. 
07 b  TW&l  and  let  him  swim. 

m^l-imC,  Yalk.  Ps.  656,  v.  10^3. 

S"H")Q,  rP"H"lI2  f.  (modius)  modius,  a  Roman  dry 
measure,  corresp!  to  nxD.  Gitt.  57a.—  PI.  rWift  Ib.  Y. 
Maasr.  IV,  51 b  bot.  m^tis.  Num.  R.  s.  4,  beg-ris^nia. 

IS'HiQ,  n^llQ  ch.  m.  same.  Esth.  R.  to  I,  4  '3  -in 
■pfl'm'a  modius  of  denars;  Y.Pes.IV.end,  31c  "^TTO  (read 

'iima).  lb.  Ill,  30a  top,  v.  yianaia,  Erub.  83a,  v.  w»«o.— 

PI.  V*1VX    Y.  B.  Kam.  IX,  6'1,  sq.  [wrra,  frequ.  in  Talm. 
y.  for  ytio,  v.  ■*TJ.] 

D"1"!^  m.  Modim,  the  last  but  third  section  of  the 
Prayer  of  Benedictions,  so  called  from  its  beginning  'a 
"onDX  (we  offer  thanks).  Ber.  V,  3  (a  reader  who  says) 
'31  '3  'a  modim  twice  must  be  silenced;  Meg.  IV,  9  (25u). 
Y.  Ber.II,5a  bot.  'a  itf3  mn  12  when  it  comes  to  modim; 
a.  e. 

^"HIS  m.  (3Hi)  mark,  mnemotechnical  sign.  —  PI. 
DiS/Hia,  yyfia.  Erub.  54b  bot.  (play  on  5113,  Prov.VII,  4) 
n-iinb  'a  rittJS  ed.  Sonc.  (ed.  Di"ni3,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1. 
note  8)  make  mnemonical  symbols  for  the  study  of  the 
Law;  Yalk.  Prov.  940;  Yalk.  Jer.  315. 




D^Tto,  STTHIE  pr.  „.  pi.,  v.  mta 

S~TiE  m.  =  kVto.  Targ.  Prov.  XXIX,  3  Ms.;  ib. 
XXVIll,  8  "TO;  ib.VI,  31  '"TO  Ar.  (ed.  everywhere  ''TO; 
h.  text  "pit). 

nbllD  m.,  riTTO  f.  I)  part. -Ho/".  otrbk—2)ffOWri- 

field,  v.'  rrb-i-3. 

n"1^"!^  f.  (nVi)  hanging  fruits.  B.  Mets.  91b,  v.  Him. 

fcOTlQ  c.  (denom.  of  RVTW ;  v.  frWte)  scale.  Targ. 
Y.  i:.x.  I,  15.— P/.  ■p'JKto.  Targ.  Koh.  II,  8  ed.  Lag.  (oth. 
•d.'pWns.'Wio).  Targ.Y.Lev.XIX,36  T^^f0  (not  'a*w)' 

S>"Tl2  (h.  form  nsytyi.d^declaratMi^sp. protest 
before  witnesses  against  a  forced  or  unduly  influenced 
action.  B.  Batb.  40a  '=1  "jX^x  xbx  'a  "paro  xb  we  write 
a  protest  only  against  a  person  who  does  not  submit  to 
law.  Ib.b  nmanb  'a  X"nn  the  order  to  write  a  deed  of 
donation  in  secret  is  a  protest  annulling  a  subsequent 
disposal  by  deed.  Ib.  49a  "Oiai  ftl  "Q  if  witnesses  sub- 
scribed to  a  deed  say,  We  signed  after  the  owner  bad 
entered  a  verbal  protest  before  us  against  the  deed ;  a.  fr. 

"<TlQ  m.  (v.  next  w.)  of  Modim,  esp.  *tin  ("twbx  *S) 
R.  El/of  Modim.  Ab.  Ill,  11 ;  a.  fr.— Sabb.  55b;  B.  Bath. 
10b  'Tzh  fO-nj  13X  yi*XS  we  still  need  the  Modite  (for 

U  2>m"iZ2,  "j"'3?"l"lI2  pr.  n.  pi.  Modaim,  Modim,  Modin, 
the  native  place  of  the  Asmonean  family.  [Eds.  a.  Mss. 
vary  between  TftO,  'T^tva  a.  mplTO.]  Kidd.  66a.  Pes. 
IX,  2.  Ib.  93b  '21  tjbtfmVl  'art  "p  from  M.  to  Jerusalem 
are  fifteen  miles.  Hag.  Ill,  5;  Tosef.  ib.  Ill,  33;  a.  fr.— 
[r-"TV2,.Erub.  54 b,  v.  ?*TO.] 

rijM  i!2  f.  (b.  h.;  ST1)  acquaintance;  trnsf.  (m.)  friend. 
Y.  Peah  IV,  beg.  18a  '31  WTO  "Wb  n«"f  xbl!J  R.  S.  to 
Peah  IV,  1  (ed.  in;TO)  that  he  may  not  see  a  poor  man 
who  is  his  friend  and  cast  it  before  him. 

Ti"TO2,  v.  Ti-rra. 

tfJjT^C,  v.  H\J-tfiU. 

NJTiE,  v.  to. 

SDH1D  f.  (an*))  gift.  Targ.  Prov.  XXI,  14.  Ib.  VI,  35 
(some  ed.  tOTTO,  read  xa^TO). — PI.  constr.  "OTTO,  Targ. 
Y.  I  Deut.  XVIII,  8  (not  "arTO). 

bttTPDrrra,  *onb  ararn'E  tM».  Targ.pr0v. 

LYIII,  16.    Targ.  Ps.  XVI,  5.  rfQWRS  constr.  (Ms.  trim). 

Farg.  Y.  Deut.  XVI,  17  matTO;  a.  e.— PI.  XITOiTO.  Targ. 
Prov.  XV,  27  (some  ed.  sing.).  Targ.  Y.  Deut.  XVIII,  2 
WVOrTO  (corr.  ace). 

nTT\12,  "HID,  a  disguise  of  rvja.  Ned.  I,  2  (10a)  TO 
'a2  (Mish.  ed.  XITOa,  Bab.  ed.  "moa  1113;  corr.  ace.)  if 
one  says,  A  vow  by  (that  of)  Mohi ;  Tosef.  ib.  I,  2  nalXri 
IITO  "Wi  nnra  ed.  Zuck.  (Var.  WTO . . .  tTO,  Tmo,  a.  TaKTl 
for  "XTl)  read :  'a  laXTi  'a  Wiltfl  if  one  says,  (Neder)Mohi, 
or  (.YetfVr)  d'amar  Mohi,  the  vow  of  M.  or  the  vow  which 

M.  uttered;  expl.  Y.  ib.  I,  37a  top  [read:]  'a  man  "1132 
'21  ntOm  Tin  "•'alaa  by  the  vow  which  M.  vowed,  that 
means,  by  the  oath  which  Moses  vowed,  as  we  read  (Ex. 
II,  21)  &c;  Bab.  ib.lOb  Dlba  "lax  xb  'aa  TJWi  if  a  person 
said,  by  Mohi,  he  said  nothing,  but  if  he  says,  by  the 
oath  which  M.  spoke  &c.  Ib.  22b  'al  'aa  MTU  ix  if  thou 
hadst  vowed  by  M.  (using  the  phrase  'a  TT3)  &o. — [Tlia 
water,  v.  TO.] 

"•rnn,  v.  tp. 

jTTV2  m.  (v.  bna  II)  a  thin  secretion.  Y.  Naz.  VII,  56b 
Olptt!  '"art  the  secretion  (from  a  decaying  corpse)  which 
congealed,  opp.  "nna  lf-HlS  if  it  is  still  fluid.  Ib.  IX,  57'1 
bot.;  Y.  B.  Bath.V,  beg.  15a.   [Mish.  a.  Tosef.  brtia,  q.v.] 


m.  circumciser,  v, 


S*niQ,  v.  xbina. 

t  -:  t       t 

in  IG,  inu  m.  (b.  h. ;  iria)  exchange,  esp.  the  pi-ice 
paid  for  the  wife;  (in  later  practice)  the  wife's  settlement, 
tvidowhood  (nama).  Mekh.  Mishp.,  N'zikin,  s.  17  (ref.  to 
Ex.  XXII,  15)  '7a  V&S  rtb*b  XTHB  Taba  this  indicates 
that  he  (the  father)  imposes  it  upon  him  (the  seducer) 
as  a  mohar;  'ai  rtaina  xbx  'a  ffO  and  mohar  means 
k'thubah,  as  we  read  (Gen.  XXXIV,  12)  &c;  Y.  Keth. 
UI,  27d  top  (read  nniX  for  iniX).  Bab.  ib.  10a  (ref.  to  Ex. 
XXU,  16)  '=1  Plbiran  •aa  m  xn-r  that  this  (fine)  be  equal 
to  the  indemnity  for  outraged  virginity  (Dent.  XXU,  29), 
and  the  settlement  of  virgins  be  like  this  (indemnity,  i. 
e.  fifty  Shekel  silver);  a.  fr.— PI.  ^"rt/va,  constr.  "HrTO. 
Y.  ib.  Ill,  beg.  27a  [read :]  tt&ta  '1~rTO3  nvo  fTrt  V* 
niX*1  if  it  read,  hke  the  indemnities  for  virgins,  it  might 
be  right  (as  you  say). 

fcnrpE  ch.  same.  Targ.  Y.  Gen.  XXXIV,  12.  —  PI. 
(with  singular  meaning)  p"riia ;  constr.  "1~rt'i*a.  Targ.  0.  ib. 
Targ.  1 8am. XVIII,  25.  Targ.  0.  Ex.  XXII,  16  (Y.  "Ol-tEa). 

J  ]I_PaJ  m.  pi.  (preced.)  exchange,  adaptation  of  a 
name  of  a.  Persian  festive  season  and  /air  (cmp.  XP^Spx). 
Ab.  Zar.  llb  (Ms.  M.  nw»;  ed.  Ven.  a.oth.yilPa.v.Rabb. 
D.  8.  a.  1.  note) ;  Y.  ib.  I,  39°  "•"Ala  a  Babylonian  season. 

pZ!  jn  il2  m.  pi.  name  of  a  Persian  and  of  a  Babylon- 
ian festive  season,  (v.  preced.  a.  next  w.).  Ab.  Zar.l  1 b  (Ms.M. 
"1p3D*irt,l?a  for  the  Persian  season;  ed.  Ven.  a.  oth.  "'pSIrt'a) ; 
Y.  ib.  I,  39c  rt3pT>rm,  a  Median  season  (prob.  a  corruption 
of  our  w.).  [V.  Fl.  to  Levy  Talm.  Diet.  p.  3052.] 

"£Hn"l£  as  sing.,sub.  nattJ)  (pln.v.Xp^n) 
surety,  esp.  for  royal  taxes  (X5*"S).  Yeb.  46a;  B.  Mets.  73b 
'31  "WT1  ^rt^p-irti-a  (Ms.  M.  'nrtia)  the  surety  for  these 
people  lies  in  the  archive  of  the  king,  and  the  king  has 
ordained  that  he  who  pays  no  charga  can  be  made  the 
servant  of  him  who  pays  (for  hjm).  —  [Erub.  62a  rtX*na 
■ffiPltMO  '^a  (Eabad  "Oaan-iB,  v.  Rabb.  D.  8.  a.  1.  note  60) 
a  lease  is  sound  if  made  legal  by  sureties  and  (counter- 
signed) by  officers.   Oth.  explan.,  v.  X3a*i*iax.] 

"jTil  DTD,  Targ.Prov.XV,  8,  some  ed.,  a.  Var.  ed.Lag., 
a  corrupt,  for  rt'TipFTO  or  J"PPia?iFl. 




^miQ,  v.  irj\ 

•  •  i     -  •    ! 

5TO,  Tosef.  Toh.  VIU,  7,  v.  fejj  I. 

"|imi!3  in.  (ixaupoc)  Matift.  Gen.  R.  s.  7  Ar.  (ed.p^a), 
v.  "piCDX. 

DiTWrvna,  v.  e^^w. 

NTO  in.  (XI;  cmp.  XTXp  1)  chaff.  Targ.  Ps.  1,4;  a. 
e.,  v.  xsia. — 2)  **«3»gri  !tt  leaves  of  onions,  leek.  Kidd. 
63b  ^  'a  (^r.  ap*m  '2,  a  gloss  to  'UH  'a ;  Rashi:  a  /tawi- 
ful  of  onions). 

POTO,  Y.  Keth.  XI,  341'  '31  "173X  'Tftl,  read:  jrt3  JB»1 
HOW  (v.  Asheri  to  Keth.  5oa). 

"TITO,  Yalk.  Deut.  945,  v.  IT». 

NSD^lD  m.  (qi1;)  creditor.   Targ.  Ps.  CIX,  11  Ms.  (ed. 


aprto,  v.  ^». 

It    •  't    ■  - 

sbnai,  v.«b». 

t;         '     »  tt  - 

SbflTj  II  in.  (V|X  II)  yarn.  Midr.  Sam.  ch.  XXIII 
'31  TpjjT'ia  plOB  cut  thy  yarn  and  cease  thy  talk  (a  pro- 
verbial expression). 

'P^'ta  TCT'^  f-  pl.  =  li.  IMJKto,  Wafes,  Targ.  0. 
Lev.  XIX,  36  (some  ed.  pjttKb).  V. X^ia. 

&^3pD  m.  pi.  same.  Targ.  Y.  II  Lev.  XIX,  36  (ed. 
Amst.  X^ona,  corr.  ace).  Targ.  Is.  XL,  12;  15. 

IDJiE,  v.  wa. 

S^SrtiQ  m.  =  V&ntei  Targ.  Prov.  XXII,  7. 

Ij  123  m.  (b.  h.  na;  nna,  v.  nna)  marrow,  esp.  (with  or 
without  UJSO)  imm.  Tosef.  Pes.  VI,  10,  v.  n^p.  Hull. 
Ill,  1  '52  bi2i  STip  the  membrane  which  surrounds  the 
brain,  v.  Wnr»n  IV.  lb.  45a  'a  .  .  . .  na  bs  'a  as  to  moah, 
whatever  is  contained  in  the  skull  is  considered  as  brain. 
lb.1'  infra  31"i  the  larger  part  of  the  marrow  of  the  spine 
(spinal  cord);  a.  fr.— Men.  80b;  Yeb.  9a  llplpa  'a  tf>  "pX 
has  no  brains  in  his  head. 

J  \12}  Nni/Q  ch.  same,  brain;  also  head.  Targ.  0. 
Deut.  XXVIII,  35  (h.  text  Ipnp).— Hull.  45a,  v.  X!T«n  IV. 
Meg.  19b  'ax  fb  inal  and  they  struck  it  (R.  Hia's  opinion) 
on  the  head,  i.  e.  opposed  it  (Rashi:  and  he  (R.  H.)  struck 
it,  &c,  i.  e.  modified  it,  read:  Tral).  Gen.  R.  s.  68  hTpa, 
v.  SSB;  a.  fr.— P/.X*nia.  Targ.Y.  Deut.  XXVIII,  22  (some 
ed.  X^nia)  marrow  of  bones. 

nrTO,  imO,  Tosef.  Ned.  I,  2,  v.  nrria. 

>n*!w  m.  (denom.  of  nna,  v.bnia)  thin  secretion.  Toh. 
IX,  2  -,tta  XSVT!  'an  the  fluid  which  runs  out  of  the  olives 
(before  they  are  pressed);  ib.  3  "(MO  XXTM  'an'that  which 
runs   (after  the  oil  is  pressed  out);    ib.  TOn  "ja  XXTil 

which  comes  out  of  the  pit  after  the  oil  has  been  taken 
out ;  Tosef.  ib.X,  3  tsjn  rvo  np*W3  xsrn  'a.  Makhsli.  VI, 
6  -,aiT  TUB  XSV  'an  "pX;  Tosef.  1.  c.  "jaittJ  ^nisnx  "H"1  (read: 
",ai2J)  the  secretion  (of  olives)  cannot  be  excluded  from 
the  category  of  (must  be  classified  with)  (diluted)  oil; 
Sabb.  144a,  v.  rflsns;  a.  fr. 

PlTlQ  m.  (pna)  the  flat  end  of  the  writing  instrument, 
used  for  erasing,  v.  ania.  Kel.  XIII,  2 ;  a.  e. 

TOnO  (b.  h.)  to  incline,  ivaver,  decline;  to  give  way, 
hend.  Y.  Snh.X,  27d  bot,  v.  infra.  Tanh.  B'har  1  BUntS 
'31  "OB^DT  when  their  power  shall  sink  before  Nebuchad- 
nezzar. Tanh.  Vayishl.3  (ref.toProv.  XXV,  26)  Vtb  BOBM 
'31  when  he  bends  (humiliates  himself)  before  the  wicked ; 
Gen.  R.  s.  75  '=1  Slab  p*ni&  X"X  (Yalk.  Gen.  130  t^vAf) 
it  is  impossible  to  the  righteous  to  bend  &c;  a.  e. 

Nif.  aias  to  be  shaken,  bent.  Yalk.  1.  c,  v.  supra. 

Hif.  B*&n  to  bend,  to  shake.  Zab.  Ill,  3  nbi3^  rWflB  bz 
Dlxa  -^-atf?  (not  D1X  na)  (Asheri  DtfJ^,  v.  W&)  a  ship 
which  has  no  staggering  effect  on  man.  Gen.  R.  1.  c.  B^aa 
'31  lass  humbles  himself. 

Hithpol.  aaiann,  Nithpol.  aaiaro  to  be  declining;  to 
sink.  Y.  Snh.  X,  27d  bot.;  Yalk.  Is.'  338  (ref.  to  Is.  LIV, 
io)  '3i  n-j-jianjtt . . .  rraair  max  mat  n^xn  ax  when  thou 

'  t   :  :   •  T  T 

seest  the  merit  of  the  fathers  decline  and  that  of  the 
mothers  sink,  go  and  cling  to  grace  ;  Lev.  R.  s.  36,  end 
nijzsarOttJ.— Y.l.c.  281"p3Vim  ■pBB'iatTB  Ttf\  theysank  deeper 
and  deeper  (into  poverty).  B.  Mets.  71a  pOmOHa  1^033 
(Ms.  M.  "pBSana)  his  wealth  will  be  reduced;  Yalk.  Ps. 
665  aaiana  he  will  sink.  B.  Mets.  1.  c.  '31  'ana  ibbn  (Ms. 
R.  2  fWBKo,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  notes  2—4)  these  sink  and 
rise  again  &c. ;  Yalk.  1.  c. 

13 ID  ch.  same.  Targ.  Lev.  XXV,  35.  Targ.  Y.  Deut. 
XXXII,  35 ;  a.  fr. 

Af.  B^OK  to  balance,  weigh.  Pesik.  B'shall.,  p.  82a 
■pffc  ■Jamx  (a^anx)  '^'Jiaxi  WVCMMO  with  the  balances 
with  which  they  weighed,  weighing  was  done  to  them; 
v.  naia. 

Ithpe.  ananx  to  be  iveighed,  v.  supra  (v.  Bub.  a.  1.  note  42). 

Ithpol.  auianx  to  sink,  waver,  be  reduced.  Targ.  Ps. 
XCIV,  18;  a.  fr.— B.  Mets.  71a  ^-Jlanai  ""BTia  xVl  Ms.  R. 
(v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  4)  who  lend  not  on  interest  and 
yet  become  poor. 

131^3  m.  (b.  h. ;  preced.)  balancing  pole,  staff.  Bets. 
HI,  3  (25a)  n-jiaa  'aa  . .  .  xb  (Y.  ed.  n-jaa,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S. 
a.  1.  note  4)  he  must  not  bring  it  to  town  on  a  staff  or 
on  a  barrow.  Sot.  34a  (ref.  to  Num.  XIII,  23)  *ttW8«  SXTOM 
'31  'aa  it  being  said  'on  a  staff',  do  I  not  know  that  it  was 
carried  by  two  persons? — PL  ni^ia.  Ib.,  v.  ^J"1^"!^.  Tosef. 
Ohol.  VII,  1,  v.  -3/15;  a.  e. 

Ilt^D  m.  (Sty  1)  (it  is)  good,  better.  Tanh.  B'har  1 
'a  13  "nn  if  he  amends,  it  is  good.  Bets.  30a,  a.  fr.  W»tt  'a 
'31  ^Xl ...  it  is  better  that  they  fail  unwittingly  than  &c. 
Snh.  7a  (in  Chald.  diction)  '31  na:^bl  'a  it  is  better  that 
they  worship  the  golden  calf  (than  commit  murder). 
Ber.  28a  '31  DIpXT  'a  it  is  best  that  I  get  up  and  go  to 




them  myself;  a.  fr. — 2)  the  better,  the  right  conduct.  Lam. 
R.  introd.  (R.  Abba  2)  'zb  "prima  tVfl  .  .  TH»n  the  light 
in  it  (the  Law)  would  have  led  them  hack  to  the  right 
way.  Snh.  101b;  a.  fr. 

PR3"1D,  HU-  f.  (b.  h.;  v.  oia)  1)  a  small  barrow. 
Bets.  Ill,  3  (25a),  v.  air.—  2)  ;>/.  nrcia  Jawds  o/"  a  yofce; 
yoAr.  Tanh.  B'shall.  23  '=1  rVCDTai  'a  TiTl  the  yokes  and 
the  chariots  ran  (of  themselves)  &c. — *3)  balances.  Pesik. 
B'shall.,  p.  82a  'T,'-  EJSWW  7-"  OKI  HOBS  Ar.  with  the  bal- 
ance with  which  the}-  weighed,  weighing  was  done  to 
them;  [Ar.:  as  they  made  others  sink,  so  were  they  made 
to  sink  (v.  Ctta);  oth.  opin.:  '31  it333  with  the  staff  with 
which  they  struck,  were  they  struck], 

T~'2*T2  f.  (b.  h.  h»0;  ST35)  [bend,]  the  radial  bone  of 
a  bird's  wing.  Tanh.  Thazr.  8;  ed.  Bub.  10  (ref.  to  Is. 
YIII,  8)  'z"l  Wl  '-r;  the  radial  bone  of  a  chicken  is  one 
sixtieth  portion  of  its  wings;  [Rashi  to  Is.  I.e.  quotes 
r-J-  z,pl.];  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  LXXIX,  beg.;  Yalk.  Is.  279. 

J  i  ^'i^  reclining,  v.  iT23. 

K":_"~  v.  *$am 

&T2  —  TDj  Gen.  R.  s.  44  some  ed.,  v.  yAtx. 

"*m12*!!2  m.  pi.  ("~-)  feustwess(?),  an  adaptation  of 
the  name  of  a  Persian  festive  season  and  fair.  Ab.  Zar.  1  lb 

(Ms.  M. _■-;  Y.  ib.  I,  39c,  a  Median  festival,  TWO; 

Ar.  "r,03). 

pT^I/-,  read:  |»OT. 

"i  D,  T|TQ  m.  pi.  =  ',"■■?,  icater.  Targ.  Ps.  I,  3;  a.  fr.— 
Tar^.  II  Esth.  Ill,  3  •*VQ  (ed.  Lag.  fTH3  its  waters);  Targ. 
Is.  LVni,  11 ;  Targ.  Jer.  XV,  18;  a.  fr.— tiTRJ  her  (its) 
waters.  Ib.  L,  38;  a  e.— Targ.  Is.  XIX,  10  sna  (Var.  ed. 
Lag.  xna)  read  R?TO=xrTi3  — Y.  Erub.  X,  26c  ""13  "jr."  X;" 
that  he  add  no  water  to  it.  Y.  Pes.  Ill,  beg.  29d;  a.  e. 

U'\12  (b.  h.)  to  be  crushed;  to  be  loic,  sink;  to  be  poor. 
Tanh.  B'har  3  r.""r3  "3":,"  ;r  because  he  sank  into  sins. 

Eif.  "'an  1)  same.  Mekh.  B'shall.,  Amal.,  s.  1  KtWS 
''-'  -"-""-  3*PWP  "■■;■.-"  "■""  ■■::  when  he  (Moses)  let 
his  hands  sink,  (it  intimated)  that  Israel  is  destined  to 
sink  in  the  knowledge  of  the  words  of  the  Law  to 
be  given  through  his  hands;  Tanh.  B'shall.  27.  —  2)  to 
lower,  let  sink.  Ib.,  v.  supra. — Sifre  Num.  90  il"3p!l  "JSC 
'21  n";':  rTOtfl  "l"33  here  the  Lord  lowers  (his  anger) 
and  Moses  raises  (is  more  angry),  but  when  the  golden 
calf  "fas  made,  the  Lord  raised,  and  Moses  lowered  (tried 
to  soften  his  anger);  Yalk.  Num.  735  TfNaa  (fr-  m^). 

M/".,  part.  -■•::;  f.  rc/a:;  pi.  trtWC  fo».Kil.IV,7  tv  ': 
DTi:  lower  than  ten  handbreadths.  Ruth  R.  to  III,  3 
Tr:r  '33  in  the  lowest  part  of  the  city.  Y.  Maas.  Sh.Y, 
end.  56d;  Y.  Sot.  IX.  24a  hot.  '3  bp  in  a  low  voice,  opp. 
ST35.  Ber.  10b.  Sifre  Num.  58.  Ib.  83,  v.  ?fl3S.  Ab.  Y,  19 
'3  m  a  lowly  spirit,  v.  !?CS3.— Cant.  R.  to  IY,4  '3*  WHftft 
the  lower  mountains ;  a.  fr. 

TyiTZ  ch.  same,  1)  to  decline,  sink.  Targ.  Y.  II  Ex.  XII, 

42.  Targ.  Hab.  Ill,  6 ;  a.  e.  (v.  "^a).— 2)  to  become  soft. 
Snh.  95a  '3*1  SOnst  fr?  N:3  the  ground  under  him  became 
soft. — 3)  (denom.of  Tyia)  to  lag  under,  make  a  bed.  Targ.  Ps. 
CXXXIX,  8.— Pes.  49a  521  ry2  -Q  one  who  lays  under 
(his  cloak)  and  lies  down  (at  any  place,  a  shiftless  person). 
Taan.  6b;  Ber.  59a  (prov.)  "Wl  -pp23  ?|fe  . . .  *C3  nrtKl  13 
if  it  rains  when  the  doors  are  opened  (in  the  morning), 
lay  down  thy  bag,  ass-driver,  and  sleep  (do  not  export, 
for  provisions  will  be  cheap) ;  a.  e. — Part  ""X3,  -P*JU.  B. 
Mets.  84b  bl  rrt  ,Vf*Q  TBI  (Rashi:  "="3;  Yar.  tr"0,  v. 
Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  1)  they  spread  for  him  sixty  mat- 
tresses. Taan.  21b  hot.  ■pKO  Ar.  (ed.  ~|3),  v.  Kg*lW3fa— 
V.  SOU 

Af.  TppX,  ?p?K  1)  to  loicer.  Targ.  Ps.  CXIII,  6  Tpaa 
Ms.  (ed.  ?poa,  7T33;  h.  text  TfiOaSi).  —  2)  to  make  soft, 
crush.  Ib.  XLIV,  20  (h.  text  Sisi). — 3)  to  lag  under,  make 
a  bed.  Targ.  Job  XLI,  22  (h.  text  131). 

:|*iI2  m.  (preced.  2)  a  soft,  spongg  substance,  hackled 
wool,  rag,  lint  &c.  Sabb.  VI,  5  tt3TsuSJ  '3  wool  in  her  ear 
(to  resorb  running  pus) ;  it?"i3S2',3  '3  in  her  shoes  (to  soften 
them).  Ib.  134b  *Zt\  1C3*1  '3  a  dry  compress  or  dry  sponge. 
Tosef.  Nidd.II,  6  '33  nusatoa  insert  a  resorbent  (to  prevent 
conception);  a.  fr.  —  PI.  fOfe.  B.  Kam.  X,  10  BSptVB  'a 
'31  the  lumps  (of  threads)  which  the  washer  takes  out 
(of  the  trough).  Tosef.  ib.  XI,  12;  13.  Neg.  XI,  12;  a.  fr. 
— pWpO,  "pSSa,  v.  S133.] 

rnifilG  m.  (no*)  evidence,  v.  frcfin. 

"jD^D,  v.-fomf. 

-1^*2  f.  ([XTj^rav^)  machine  for  lifting  weights,  wheel- 
work.  Yoma  III,  10  Trw  '3  !"!',£:?  made  a  machine  for 
sinking  the  wash-basin  (v. IT'S)  into  the  well;  Tarn. in, 8. 
Kel.  XVIII, 2  (ed.  Dehr.  ^3=3).  Tosef.  Par.  HI (II),  9  -333-3. 
Hull.  15b  '33  3n.*2Ji"l  if  one  slaughters  by  means  of  a  ma- 
chine ;  a.  e. 

"H3^*I2  ch.  (pi.  form)  same,  rollers.  Targ.  II  Esth. 
I,  2.— V.  .TbMOL 

C32lC  m.  (333)  storage.  Tosef.  Ab.  Zar.  VIH  (IX),  1 
'';'r  nTES  ".bx  these  (vessels)  are  made  for  storage;  (Ab. 
Zar.  74b  CTp3>  13^333  Ms.  M.). 

CIHI2  m.  (denom.  of  ora)  revenue  farmer,  publican, 
custom-collector  (considered  a  robber  in  Jewish  law).  B. 
Kam.  113a  fi3".S"p  IP  "pWD  '3  a  publican  who  is  not  limited 
by  legal  stipulations;  1*1?X3  laWl  'a  a  self-constituted 
collector.  Ab.  Zar.  39a;  Bekh.  30b  hot.  'a  i-cp  the  pub- 
lican's knots  (seals  or  written  receipts);  a.  e  — PI.  TtSTO. 
B.  Kam.  X,  2  '31  '3  1?33  if  publicans  took  away  his  ass 
and  gave  him  one  taken  from  somebody  else.  Ib.  1 ;  Tosef. 
ib.  X,  22  '3  rem  the  treasury  of  the  publicans.  Ned.  Ill, 

4;  Tosef.  ib.  II,  2,  v.  "TO.    Sabb.  VIII,  2  '3  ISJp T«3 

paper  large  enough  to  write  on  it  a  tax-receipt  (v.  supra). 
Shebu.  39a  tJ  nVo  . . .  -p  fa  there  is  no  family  in  which 
there  is  a  publican,  whose  members  may  not  all  be  con- 
sidered as  publicans  (in  Jewish  law) ;  a.  fr. 





DD1Q,  S&D1D,  totOU  ch.  same.  Y.  Snh.  VI,  23c; 
Y.  Hag.  II,  77dTbot.  'a  "pjtfl  ima  the  son  of  Mayan  the 
publican;  Snh.  44b  'a  Kija,  v.  «^»a.— Y.  Sabb.  VI,  end, 
8d  [read :]  rt"b  P"Wi  X"iart  mp  JttTI  hO^db  JFip  he  came 
near  (was  caught  by)  a  publican,  and  he  gave  him  his  ass 
and  was  let  off,  v.  Kb**!.— PL  pCDia.  Targ.  Jud.  V,  11 
(ed.  Lag.  pOSO).— [pMTa,  Ab.  Zar.  14a  Ms.  M.,  v.  next  w.] 

D^DDDiE,  1npDDiQ  m.  pi.  a  species  of  figs.  Bekh. 
8a  (inferior  to  truo'iron).  Ab.  Zar.  14s  (Ms.  M.  pWTO; 
Ar.  pOOda). 

J  IZj,  JiU  I  m.  (b.  h.;  Assyr.  mala,  prob.  a  comp.  of 
a  a.  PX,  v.  Del.  Proleg.  p.  132)  1)  border,  front,  in  sight  of. 
Hull.  19b  (expl.  IB"©  biaa,  Lev.  V,  8,  iorcfer  o/"Me  neck, 
the  space  beginning  with  the  back  of  the  head,  opposite 
the  face,  and  ending  with  the  end  of  the  neck,  opposite 
the  throat)  CpTCWl  nx  nxTiri  'a  the  edge  which  sees  the 
'oref  (but  not  the  'oref  itself).  lb.  IWI  'a  . . .  C]T©  n"31 
X3V1  if  you  will  say,  we  know  not  where  'oref  itself  is, 
how  can  we  know  where  its  border  is? — Sifre  Num.  59 
D^B  'a  nb  nto  (Ms.  3,  a.  Yalk.  ib.  719  tMBI  'a)  give  the 
candlestick  an  edge  of  the  front  (an  edge  and  a  front),  i.  e. 
a  prominent  central  light  towards  which  the  lights  on 
both  sides  are  turned.  Ib.  60  d^B  'a  fib  nil©. 

T  T 

5113  II  (b.  h. ;  v.  preced.)  1)  to  make  an  edge,  to  hem 
or  fringe.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Bath.  V,  7  J»W*B5  fi3>UJ  "©  until 
he  hems  the  girdle.  Ib.  fifiX  fiVia  pal  when  he  made  a 
hem  on  one  side  (of  the  piece  which  he  cut  out  of  the 
middle  of  a  piece  of  cloth).— 2)  to  circumcise.  Sabb.  XIX,  4 
'3Y*inX  Via?  "tfiX  one  child  which  was  to  be  circumcised 
after  the  Sabbath  &c;  '31  pal  fi3tt)l  and  by  mistake  he 
circumcised  &c.  Ib.  6  '31  S"lB  xbl  ba  if  he  circumcised  but 

failed  to  split  the  prepuce  &c.    Ib.  5  (137a)  pX 'pp 

pbia  Ms.  M.  (ed.  pbfiia)  a  sick  infant  must  not  be  cir- 
cumcised. Pesik.  B.  s.  25  '31  iatt)b  ba  ">a  who  circumcised 
a  son  in  honor  of  my  name,  unless  I  gave  him  a  son?; 
Lev.  B.  s.  27  bba  (corr.  ace);  a.  fr.  — Part.  pass.  Pia,  pi. 
Cffcte,  f&VO.  Yalk.  Jer.  285. 

Nif.  PIS'1?,  Via?  to  be  circumcised.  Sabb.  XIX,  5.  Lev. 
B.  s.  25;  Gen.  B.  s.46  Via"?  pTrff!  on  what  part  of  the  body 
should  one  be  circumcised  ?-Y.  Shebi.  I V,  end,  35c  ilblB^iaa 
from  the  time  they  are  circumcised.  Gen.B.l.c.  XBl"ifi  1W 
"lPia"1^  the  physician  ordered  that  they  must  be  circum- 
cised; a.  fr. — [Polel  bbia,  v.  bba.] 

5173  ch.,  Ithpol.  bbianx  (v.  bba)  to  become  brittle,  fade. 
Targ.  Job  XIV,  2.  Ib.  XXIV,  24  Ms.  (ed.  HSpTF).  Targ. 
Ps.  XC,  6 ;  a.  e. 

S5173  I,  S5"1Q  m.(xba;  cmp.\).'h.^b-q)plentg,potver. 
Targ.  Prov.  VI,  31  Ms.  (v.  Bxt.  s.  v.  Via;  ed.  xbta).  Targ. 
Job  XII,  6  first  vers.  '31  'a  bx  patl  ed.  Lag.  (some  ed. 
xbiabx  corr.  ace;  in  oth.  ed.  our  w.  is  omitted). 

S51Q  II  m.  (mulus)  mule.  Pesik.  Shub.,  p.  162a  (ref. 
to  d-rrajru,  ii  Chr.  xxxin,  n)  mure  pit  'a  pas  Ar.  (ed. 

ipia)  a  sort  of  mule  of  bronze;  Y.  Snh.  X,  28c  hot.  xVra; 

Deut.  B.  s.  2  Tbla;  Euth  B.  to  II,  14  fibia;  Yalk.  Kings 

246  xbia.— PJ.rvixpsia.  Sabb.52a(Ar.»na8c.).— Ch.v.xrbva 

wSpn,  v.  >wv»9. 

mbio  (rry&itt  ririia  mpbin),  Lev.  b. 

s.  12,  read:  Xaavba. 

7  TIT 

JS51Q,  v.  tarn 

T   •  t: 

"J  5*113  m.  (cmp.  b.  h.rrib'ia;  iVj)  issue,  descendant.— 
PI.  a-nVia,  with  suffix,  emphatic  form  V'T'Vra.  Keth.721', 
v.  iVr. ' 

"15173  m.  (1^)  birth-time.  Sot.  llb  •jfi^bia  "jat  their 
time  of  giving  birth  ;  Ex.  B.  s.  1  "ifPT^bla  (corr.  ace). — 
fiJib  "ibia  (or  only  'a)  the  beginning  of  the  first  quarter 
of  the  moon,  New-Moon.  Pesik.  B.  s.  15  '31  f"Prt  fi33bfi  'a 
the  New-Moon  took  place  on  a  Wednesday  at  noon-time. 
—  *2)  travail.  B.  Bath  I6b  PPjViaa  fionna  (not  xB"nna) 
she  is  relieved  of  her  severe  throes  (differ,  vers,  in  Ms. 
M.,  v.  Babb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note). 

S"uiQ  ch.same.  Targ.  I  Chr.  XII,  32 ;  Targ.  Y.  I  Gen. 

I,  14  XlfPD  lbia=h.  fimbfi  'a,  v.  preced. 

SI  5173  f.=h.  rrfeia.  midwife.  Ab.  Zar.26axn^"Jlfii  'a 
thou,  midwife  of  Jewesses  &c. 

rrnbin,  v.  xnvra. 

^M2  mule,  v.  xbia  II. 

"v1!G,  pi.  a^bia  m.  (v.  xb^ia)  mule-drivers.  Y.  Yomal, 
38c;  Y.  Meg.  IV,  end,  75c,  T.'m^n  H. 

&051D  f.  (*Va)  /?#ed  up  ground,  mound.  B.  Bath.  54a 

'31  SHttJl  'a  bpU)  if  one  takes  earth  from  the  mound  and 
throws  it  on  the  low  ground;  '»3  'a  if  one  throws  from 
mound  on  mound  (to  make  them  even);  M.  Kat.  10b. — 
PI.  xrv«>:ia.  Erub.  56b,  v.  ''XT?  —V.  xrvka.—  [For  pr.  n. 
pi.  with  X^bla  or  Xfpba,  xnba,  v.  respective  determinants.] 

""IS"1 5123,  "l^^D  m.  (miliarium,  jxiXiapiov)  a  large 
vessel  to  boil  water  in,  caldron.  Sabb.  Ill,  4  sp-iUfi  'a  a 
miliarium  from  under  which  the  coals  have  been  remov- 
ed; Y.  ib.  Ill,  6a  bot. 

T5*i*3,  v.  nbia.— Ex.  B.  s.  l  •ji-pTbra,  v.  TVte. 

ST5"i*3  m.  i^)  parent— PI.  pT?^-  Cant.  B.  in- 
trod.;TYalk.  Sam.  134,  v.tW?. 

Y)"151I3  m.(mulio)  muleteer,  a  figure  in  a  Boman  play; 
cmp.  pT^S..  Tosef.  Ab.  Zar.  II,  6;  Yalk.  Ps.  613.— [Y.  Ber. 

viii,  i2b,  v.  wrika] 

^yiD  m.  pi.  Oba)  filling.  Y.Bets.  II,  Glr  top;  Y.Maas. 
Sh.  "V  56c  top;  Y.  Hag.  II,  78a  bot.,  v.  KWIB^  [Hiddushe 
Me'iri  to  Bets.  20a  quotes:  ^XPa  X^'3  xn"ilU53  a  joist  (to 
be  felled)  requires  the  (wooden)  handle  (of  an  axe),  i.  e. 
the  teacher  is  beaten  bj-  his  own  pupil.] 




T  T    T  -T  - 

yrfytD,  v.  -wtoa. 

t  :  »" 

XTp'j.SIQ  f.  fVa)  stuffing,  stuffed  meat.  Pes.  74*  "Wi 
t  (Ms.  M.'  2  Xrnba,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  50)  a  roasted 
lamb  stuffed  with  raw  and  unsalted  meat;  ib.b. 

NP^Qj  pi.  of  8f4*0  a.  of  Kriflo. 

Bfl^VflP,  v.  stea 

T      T    T  *  ••  T  - 

rtrortiD,  v.  rms*. 

T       •  TT    •  t: 

SPVlD,  v.  ^aa 



:|  5"1E  m.  (b.  h.  Tjsa)  Molekh,  the  fire-god  of  the  Cana- 
anite's  and  others.  Sub.  VII,  7  '31  'a£  IIDa'Vl}  "W . . .  'a? 
he  who  dedicates  a  child  to  M.,  is  not  punishable  until 
surrenders  it  to  M.  and  passes  it  through  fire.    lb. 

a  'a  Wjyi  D"133>  Wlp  the  Mishnah  speaks  first  of  idol- 
atry (in  general)  and  then  of  M. ;  xn  D"13S  ixb  'a  (sub. 
tTTOS)  the  Molekh  worship  is  not  included  in  general 
idolatry.  Tosef.  ib.  X,  5  '31  ITlKl  '"3  "IHX  whether  he  pas- 
ses his  son  through  fire  for  M.  or  for  any  other  idol,  he 
is  equally  punishable ;  Snh.  1.  c.  Ib.  b3  *a  .  »  .  .  ITO  "OBa 
'siD!T?:J  TrTTybarTlD  why  does  theTorahuse  the  expression 
Molekh  (when  meaning  any  idol)?  "Whatever  people  make 
their  ruler  (Tjba) ;  Y.  ib.  VII,  25c  top.  Bab.  ib.  1.  c.  ^X-©  'a 
an  improvised  object  of  worship  (a  stone,  piece  of  wood 
&c.) ;  a.  fr. 

&OD T\12  m.  (Tjba)  counsel  Targ.  Y.  I  Num.  XXI,  29. 
V.  KMWO. 

sbbia,  v.  Kbbo. 

t  :  ti  • 

tfrtHE  f.  (v.  vfym  II)  m«fe  Targ.  II  Chr.  XXXIII,  13. 
— lb.  11  rffjVtt  (pj.  constr.,  used  as  sing.). — Targ.  Y.  Ex. 
XIV,  7  VSf*ea  team  of  mules.— PI.  KrYW&W,  KV&ttfc  Targ. 
Y.  II,  ib.  25  (ed.  Amst.  "^a,  v.  supra ;  ib.  XHlbta,  corr. 
ace.).— "Jllbia,  KMI^W.  Y.  Ber.  VIII,  12b  ed.  Lehm.  (ed. 
"fpfeta,  corr.  ace.).'  Y.  Taan.  Ill,  66c  top. 

VrllZ  m.  (b.  h.;  =S1Xa;  v.  ha,  Xa;  cmp.  tfl&B)  1)  sotMe- 
£7uw#,  anything.  Ned.  66  b,  v.  nB\  — Y.  Kidd.  Ill,  64c  bot. 
"it  dla  *flaa  iria  what  is  mamzer  (Ijaa)?  Something  re- 
pulsive; Yeb.  76b  "IT  'a  STO  "flaa  the  Law  says  mamzer 
which  means  anything  repulsive  (male  or  female);  Sifre 
Deut.  248  "itala  XiniI5  bz  (corr.  ace.)  whatever  is  in  any 
way  repulsive. — 2)  blemish.  Bekh.  V,  5,  a.  fr.  'a  bs?3  hav- 
ing a  blemish  (unfit  for  the  altar,  for  priestly  service  &c). 
Ib.  VI,  9,  a.  fr.  'a  Itl  *lh  this  is  a  legal  blemish;  'a  n3^X 
this  is  not  &c— Meg.  29a,  v.  *W\  B.  Mets.  59b  '31  -;n"tI3  'a 
do  not  reproach  thy  neighbor  with  a  fault  which  is  also 
thine  own;  a.  fr.— PI.  "pa*0.  Bekh.  VI,  1  *ff\  'a  •&&  bi>  these 
are  the  blemishes  in  consequence  of  which  a  first-born 
animal  may  be  slaughtered  (after  the  destruction  of  the 
Temple).  Ib.  2  pbd  'a  "pX  a  blemish  in  the  white  of  the 

eye  is  no  blemish  in  the  sense  of  the  law.  Ib.  VII,  1  'a 
'31  pbdlB  ....  lbx  the  above  named  blemishes,  whether 
permanent  or  transitory,  make  also  human  beings  unfit 
(for  priesthood  &c);  a.  fr.  — Denom.  dam  to  become  blem- 
ished, defective.  Y.  Shek.  IV,  48b  laaini  pa^an  p-J1BU5  they 
had  redeemed  them  when  they  were  without  blemish, 
and  they  became  blemished.  Num.  R.  s.  12,  end;  Cant. 
E.  to  VI,  4  '31  taaVl  xbl  and  they  have  not  become  unfit 
for  sacrifices  on  account  of  blemishes  or  old  age  &c,  v. 
DfiT.—  Y.  Yoma  II,  39d  naain  n33U5  n-n-Jp  frankincense 
which  was  extinguished  is  unfit  for  the  altar. 

DID,  StfElE  ch.  same.  Targ.  Job  XI,  15.  Targ.  Lev. 
XXI,  17 ;  a.  fr.— Bekh.  35a  'a  "m  is  a  blemish  in  the  sense 
of  the  law.  Gitt.  56a  '31  'a  m  p^Vi  which  according  to 
our  (Jewish)  laws  is  a  blemish  (unfitting  for  the  altar), 
but  is  not  so  according  to  their  (Roman)  ritual;  a.  fr. — 
PI.  fVftO,  TBIta.   Snh.  5b,  v.  2TP2II.   Bekh.  36b;  a.  fr. 

0  I/C1/Q  m.  (fxiu.o;)  mimic  actor,  mime.  Lam.  R.  to 
III,  13  '31  *tin  nx  tnO-'53a  (Ar.  Glax^a,  read  OTOfla)  they 
bring  a  mime  on  the  stage,  his  head  shaved  &c. ;  ib.  in- 
trod.  (R.  Abbahu  6)  Lt'WJl  (corr.  ace  ).— PI.  pdala.  Gen. 
R.  s.  80,  beg.— Cant.  R.  to  VII,  9  Ona^a  JitWl  (read :  ftfBOt^O) 
tiftaye  (Dan.  Ill,  2)  means  the  actors. 


SnS^S,  v.  next  w.— [Sabb.  58a,  v.  "Tra.] 

nnG'iU  m.  (fina;  cmp.  xptptov,  Lat.  tritus)  tried, 
skilled,  expert,  practical.  Snh.  5a;  R.  Hash.  25b  d'Olb  'a 
recognized  by  the  public  as  an  experienced  judge,  lb. 
'31  'a  ~b  pX  there  can  be  no  expert  more  popular  than 
Moses  was.  Bekh.  IV,  4  (28b)  Y'db  'a  a  lawyer  approved 
by  a  court.  Ab.  Zar.  27a  top  'a  XB11  a  practical  physician 
(that  has  a  reputation  at  stake).  Ib.  trorb  'a  nvt  dx  if 
he  is  a  recognized  practitioner.  Sabb.  VI,  2  ^a  I^XIB  S^ap 
'an  an  amulet  which  is  not  issued  by  an  approved  person; 
ib.  53b  'a  tfWD  TVtp  an  unapproved  amulet;  Tosef.  ib. 
IV  (V),  10  xnaia.  Sabb.  1.  c.  dnxb  'a  of  approved  effect 
on  human  beings.  Y.  ib.  VI,  8b  top  'a  rTT  "^ap  this  amulet 
is  approved.— Erub.  V,  5  (58b)  'an  ',a  xbx  (Ms.  0.  'a  xbx, 
v.  Rashi  a.  1.)  only  one  of  the  best  of  the  expert  class; 
(oth.  opin.  v.  Bart.a.l.).— Gen.R.s.30  'al  pis  a  righteous 
man  and  at  the  same  time  a  practical  man;  a.  fr. — PI. 
d^naia,  pnaia.  Snh.  Ill,  1  (23a)  'a  (IX)  d"nU53  (Bab.  a.  Y. 
ed.  T'3  ">Ba  'a,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  1)  men  otherwise 
qualified  and  (or)  authorized  by  the  court;  expl.  ib.  23a 
'aa  1tt553  p"M53  T>n  OX  if  not  disqualified  (on  account  of 
kinship  or  bad  conduct)  they  are  to  be  considered  as  if 
they  were  authorized  judges;  a.  e. — [nnaia,  XHala,  Sabb. 
58a,  v.  TO.] 

^DIQ  m.  pi.  (xa*>)  oath;  imprecation,  curse.  Targ.  O. 
Num.  V,  21  (Y.  ^aiaa).  Targ.  0.  Lev.  V,  1.  Targ.  I  Kings 
VIII,  31  (not  ^a) ;  a.  fr.— B.  Mets.'  85a  XI  nniTS  'a  I  swear, 
this  (my  desire)  has  been  abandoned.  Lev.  R.  %  6  (prov.) 
VlSTl  'a  +Tb  . . .  hX3T  pd  right  or  wrong,  do  not  run  the 
risk  of  an  oath.   Y.Ned.  I,  37a  top,  v.  nnia;  a.  e. 





TV^T-rlft  m.  ch.  (a  corrupt,  of  p*tf»)  necklace,  of- 
ficial badge,  v.  K3"0an.  Y.  Sabb.  VI,  s'Uop. 

*^rH2"lQ  (prob.  to  be  read  Nnia?,ad,  or  *aty  f.  (v. 
xr^-20)  a  mite.  Y.  Sabb.  I,  3b  town  'a  bead-mite,  KWl 

■pQQID,  pi.  of  oitta 

HEfiO  m.  (part.  .Ho/",  of  *«e)  1)  exchanged,  v.  ■*«.— 
2)  converted,  apostate,  esp.  wiwnior,  CM  o^en  opponent  of 
Jewish  laic,  non-conformist.  [Our  w.  interchanges  with 
TBttta  in  eds.  a.  mss.]  Hull.  41'  'a  bifW'  'iBX  even  a  non- 
observant  Israelite ;  Tosef.  ib.  I,  1  laitfja  ed.  Zuck.  (Tar. 
'a).  Hull.  1.  c.  nibisb  'a  opposed  to  circumcision ;  itnxb  'a 
"Ol  opposed  to  this  one  practice  (of  slaughtering  accord- 
ing to  ritual);  ib.  hVo  fPfinn  bdb  'a  *t\  is  considered  as 
a  rebel  against  the  entire  Law;  ib.  K"3>b  'a  accused  of 
idolatry.  Ib.  5a  '31  "Jd3al  'all,  expl.  ib.  '31  *]&&  'a  one  ac- 
cused of  idolatrous  libation  &c.  Erub.  69a,  v.  **&$.  Ab. 
Zar.  26b  '31  d^SSi-ib  'a  yidsonb  if  eating  unslaughtered  flesh 
(ni5"03)  to  gratify  his  appetite,  he  is  called  a  mumar;  if 
he  does  it  in  a  spirit  of  defiance,  he  is  called  a  min  (heretic). 
Ib.  (oth.  opin.)  'a  roi  d^Siib  '^SX  even  if  in  defiance,  he 
is  only  a  mumar;  Hor.  lla;  a.  v.  fr. • — PL  d"nala.  Yalk. 
Lev.  434,  quoted  fr.  Sifra  Vayikra,  N'dabah,  ch.  II,  s.  2 
(ed.  diiaiitta). 

fcOElQ  ch.  same.— PI.  Ve*VKQ.  Targ.  Y.  Lev.  I,  2. 

S"D1D  (SDi72)  f.  (wrj,  v.  *awa;  as  to  xnia  cmp. 
xnsn  fr.  5?J)  oath,  imprecation,  curse.  Targ.  Job  XXXI, 
30  'aia  ed.  Lag.  (oth.  ed.  xnia).  Targ.  Ps.  XXXVII,  22 
rrtjtfha  Ms.  (ed.  Jttlla).  Targ.  O.  Num.  V,  21  (ed.  Amst. 
MPraX  Targ.  Ex.  XXII,  10;  a.  fr.— B.  Kam.  114a  10S  1WH 
n"1?  111U  'ax  'in  they  (the  gentile  courts),  too,  in  the  case 
of  there  being  only  one  witness,  administer  an  oath  to 
him  (the  claimant).  Pes.  1 13b  Wl  VTOtffitfl  (Ms.  M.  ^aiai 
"pl-lb  Tp  incorr. ;  Ms.  M.  2  "Ofi  "ja^a  "ja^a  *0\  v.  Rabb. 
D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  and  thus  they  swear. —  [Ned.  I,  2  JKHlad, 
v.  nnia.] 

y\12  (contr.  of  'ft  1  "1U)  «;Ao?  Targ.  II  Esth.  VII,  5  'a  "Cl 
(ed.  Amst.  "a)  whose  son? 

fcOTG  pr.  n.  m.  Mona;  v.  Xia  HI. 

JBZHI2  pr.  n.  m.  (Movo[3a£oi;)  Munbaz,  1)  name  of  a 
King  of  Adiabene,  and  of  one  of  his  sons  who  embraced 
the  Jewish  faith  (v.  Jos.  Ant.  XX,  2,  1  sq.;  B.  J.  II,  19,  2). 
Gen.  R.  s.  46.— Tosef.  Peah  IV,  18  ;  Y.  ib.  I,  15b  bot.;  B. 
Bath.  1  la.  Yoma III,  10  (Ar. ttV»).  Men.  32b ;  a. e.-2) name 
of  a  scholar.  Tosef.  Sabb.  VIII  (IX),  5;  Sabb.  68b;  Yalk. 
Num.  749. 

0  U  33  lD  (corr.  Oii^ia)  m.  (u-ovoYevr,;)  only  child. 
Pesik.  R.  s".  10. 

i-  i/-,  v.  yrrpg. 
TTD1E,  v.  Tima. 

0"DD"I3")Q  ('ai:a)  m.(u,ovou.a)(o;) gladiator.  Y'lamd. 

to  Gen.  XLIX,  1,  quot.  in  Ar.  "pWI  H1UW  'a  "pK  a  gla- 
diator makes  no  will  (has  nothing  to  dispose  of;  Yalk. 
Gen.  157  109;  Gen.  R.,  addit.,  ed.  Wil.  p.  376,  Var.  "fwk). 

nn31Q,  "POlzC,  Lam.  R.  to  I,  13,  prob.  to  be  read: 

•pnaia,  v.  i-ihaia ;  v.  "v?32. 

fcOt231D,  Gen.  R.  s.  44  some  ed.,  v.  ^;a. 

S!2"0"]!G,  nI2"  \12  f.  (moneta)  mint;  coin,  coinage. 
Ex.  R.V5.  Lam.R!  to  I,  1  (T»5h)  'a  Xin  "'an  look  at  this 
coin.  Esth.  R.end  '=1  'a  "OTia  -p . . . rbWl  llflD'a  "ftzm  Ha 
as  the  King's  coinage  passed  all  over  the  country,  so  did 
his  (Mordecai's)  coinage  &c. ;  ibttJ  'a  ftai  and  what  was 
the  legend  of  his  coinage?  Y.  Snh.  II,  20b  top  .  .  'a  y*1S 
D^p  ....  (masc.)  our  lord  Saul's  coinage  still  exists 
(he  is  yet  king;  Midr.  Sam.  ch.  XXIII  MOB).  Ex.  R.  s. 
15  ntt*p  dsblUI  fiVjd.  wrtl*  bUJ  'a  the  coinage  of  your 
gods  is  abolished  (the  Egyptian  gods  are  defeated),  and 
shall  your  coinage  remain  (shall  you  continue  to  beget)? 
—Gen.  R.  s.  37  '31  dT3  xbx  ttnx  D"nsa  b«i  'a  *s3  every 
stamp  (names  of  the  descendants)  of  Mitsrayim  is  marked 
with  U"1  (the  sea  in  which  they  were  destined  to  perish)  • 
Ludim(&s  though)  Lude-yam  &c;  Yalk.  Chr.  1073; — 
PI.  ptfOia.  Yalk.  Gen.  62  [read:]  pVM  X?X  T^W . .  .'a  P3, 
v.  bldB.  Gen.  R.  s.  39;  Yalk.  Josh.  17  [read:]  'a  dn?  1K2P 
(not  "pd^ia)  their  coins  (medals  in  their  memory)  were 
issued ;  a.  e.— [Ttt  "ja  Xd^ia,  Gen.  R.  s.  44,  v.  "©bo.] 

■jTD^in,  v.preced. 

p"3*/0,  j12  m.  (u.ocviaxr);,  v.  SUpSah)  necklace.  Deut. 
R.  s.  4  [read:]'  'a  *Th  iJlsi  rYW  dX  dibdD  iim  'a  *nn 
'31  1Kb  dXI  3TW  bti)  (v.  Talk.  Is.  256)  here  is  a  necklace 
and  here  are  chains;  if  thou  doest  my  will,  here  is  a 
golden  necklace  for  thee;  if  not  &c.  Pesik.  R.  s.  29-30. — 
PI.  nip^Dla.  Ib.  (ref.  to  trpOS,  Prov.  I,  9)  .  .  fi"dpn  BttW 
'31 'as  (not  n^p..)  the  Lord  made  the  letters  of  the  Torah 
like  necklaces  and  suspended  them  &c. 

"j"j  1U  m.  pi.  (a  comp.  of  ^ia  a.  fc»13 ;  Versions  vary, 
betw.  '^la,  "Wra  a.  '-12a)  fish-brine,  small  fish  in  brine ;  in 
gen.  brine.  Keth.  60b  '31  'a  H?3X1  a  woman  that  eats 
monine  (during  pregnancy)  will  &c.  Snh.  49axn2H^1  'a  '">SX 
'31  (Yalk.  Kings  172  'Si  'a)  even  brine  and  (Yalk.;  brine 
of)  hashed  fish  he  used  to  taste  and  give  to  the  poor. 
Sabb.  11 0b  isapVa  brine  of  locusts.  Ab.Zar.29axrwr-!'a 
(Ms.  M.  WQ)  m.  is  good  to  eat  after  fasting.    Gitt.  69b. 

Pp&in,  v.  d,dd. 

IS  DIaJ  pr.  n.Mysia,  a  district  of  Asia  Minor.  Targ.Y. 
Gen.X,'2Ar.  (for  h. text  r^a;  ed.  S^OiX  q.  v.);  Targ. I  Chr. 
I,  5  ed.  Rahmer  (ed.  Lag.  'sODIK);  Yoma  10a;  Y.  Meg.  I, 
71b  bot.  X^pla. 

^t>M2,  v.  C]dia. 

n~lnDiD,  v.  nidia. 

T        "  t  •■ 

J'i'P^D  m.  pi.  (p.65^0;,  muscus)  the  animal  perfume 






musk.   Y.  Ber.  VI,  end,  10d  (Ar.  TpdSd),  v.  pdHd.    Keth. 
75*  T&GtQ  Ar.  (missing  in  ed.),  v.  SfTTQ. 

Dn£fc*D,  v.  W^. 

C -C?.  -  =  o-aWTw,  v.  dddd. 

^ICIC  m.  (dd'j)  [adJ/rton,]  1)  attachment,  rim  (cmp. 
frr^OOX),  Kel.  V,  5  TOWl  C|Wd  a  chimney-piece;  ffTMl  *a 
the  rim  around  a  boiler  in  the  ground.  lb.  11  d^d  bo  'd 
a  moulding  of  clay  around  the  stove;  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Kam. 
IV,  18.  Tosef.Par.XlI(XI),10n"rp'd,v.  supra.  Ib.CpOldn 
(corr.  ace);  a.  fr. — 2)  (sub.  FfeBFI, fa*p)  Musaf,  additional 
offering,  additional  prayer  on  8abbaths  and  festive  (and 
fast-)  days.  Tosef.  Ber.  Ill,  10  *0  13  "pKO  bz  a  half-festival 
on  which  there  is  no  Musaf  (prayer  or  offering);  O^O  bai 
'*:  "  and  one  on  which  there  is  a  Musaf;  Sabb.  24*  d*^ 
•a  ■-—  ""  0"U».    Ib.  10  STO  r^Vl  "JTO  since  there  is  no 

usaf  appointed  for  it;— PL (with  sing.sense)  "pSdVa. 
Ib.  Ber.  IV,  1.  Ib.  28a; 

SrCr  -  ch.  same,  Musaf.  Y.  YomaVI,  43d  t3*QBa  *fi 
when  he  had  finished  the  Musaf  (on  a  fast  day).  —  PL 
KTOao,  -,""-,  "SOW.  Targ.  II  Chr.  VIII,  13;  a.  e.— Ah. 
Zar.  14b.   Ber.  28b;  a.  e. 

iC'E  m.  (b.  h.;  *!d^)  discipline,  morality,  conduct. 
Midr.  Prov.  to  I,  2  "3  "ldb . . .  ttP  dX  if  a  man  has  wisdom, 
he  can  learn  good  conduct;  ib.  to  I,  7;  Yalk.  ib.  929;  a.  e. 

HD"1E  m.,  pi.  rrhfcia  (b.  h. ;  idst)  bands,  fetters,  re- 
strictions. Yeb.  77*  (ref.  to  Ps.  CXVI,  16;  cmp.  "Wtt)  -:d" 
';■  DWlTifi  ";r  'MlO  '-  two  restrictions  which  were  against 
me  t'uou  hast  untied  (permitted)  (by  confining  the  pro- 
hibition of  intermarriage  to  male  Moabites  and  Ammon- 
ites), v.  "2X;-:. 

N^iC  i!2  ch.=next  w..  v.  ""iSdh. 

rnC"l£,  PTTOliQf.  (preced.  art.)  reins.  B.Mets.  8b 
'=■  'zz  -"r  n;  SOT  (not  zmzr)  he  who  sits  in  the  wag- 
on has  not  taken  hold  of  the  reins,  while  he  who  rides 
holds  the  reins  (and  leads  the  heterogeneous  animals,  v. 
:-:). — Esp.  (sub.  THX  or  zzr ;  cmp.  ~dBX)  taking  hold  of  the 
reins  as  a  form  of  taking  possession.  Ib.  nsrsdd  n:ip  n:_x  '- 
Bashi  a.  Ms.  R.  2  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  30)  taking  hold 
of  the  reins  does  not  give  possession  to  the  finder.  Ib.  'd 
n:p  ""zr.z  getting  the  reins  from  a  fellowman  (the 
owner)  means  possession.  Ib.  "2  pBJJs  "X":  what  is  the  ex- 
pression (the  etymology  of)  moserah  ?  (Answ. :  from  Idd).— 
Kidd.  I,  4  quot.  in  Rashi  to  B.  Mets.  1.  c.  'Idd  rY0p2  (ed. 
ri"¥t3B&5)  is  taken  possession  of  by  seizing  the  reins  (or 
:hain).B.Kam.IV,9'dd..inrpif  the  owner  tied  the  animal 
(to  a  fence  &c.)  by  the  reins.  Par.  II,  3  'dH  Tit  rV<&9  bS'p 
if  he  threw  the  reins  over  her  back.  Y.  Kidd.  I,  60a  bot. 
'21  bd'  '-  '■:  ~r~  if  he  handed  him  the  reins  of  one  of  the 
camels;  a.  fr. 

"j"HO"lQ,  Y.  Sabb.  Vm,  10b  bot.  'O  "no,  read:  IT*??; 

v.  eVm. 

|^.*.  C""^  m.  pi.  (redupl.  of  pdd)  olive  barrels,  con- 
sisting of  loosely  joined  splices  lined  with  pitch.  Bets.33b. 

TJflU  m.,  ri'jP'IQ  f.  fr®)  foretoarned,  esp.  (law)  Mu  ad 
(v.  Ex.  XXI,  29),  an  animal  ichose  owner  stands  forewarn- 
ed on  account  of  three  successive  injuries;  liable  to  full 
indemnity,  contrad.  to  dr.  B.  Kam.  I,  4  'dM  "ttO  an  ox 
that  has  done  damage  three  times.  Ib.  'z"\  :ds":  'd  "d'n 
the  tooth  of  an  animal  is  considered  a  mu'ad  with  ref- 
erence to  eating  such  things  as  are  fit  to  be  eaten  by 
it,  i.  e.  damages  for  eating  must  be  paid  in  full  with- 
out previous  forewarning.  Ib.  dl  *Qtt)b  'd  bain  the  foot 
is  a  mu'ad  &c,  i.  e.  what  an  animal  treads  upon  on 
its  way  must  be  paid  for  in  full  without  forewarning. 
Ib.  dbisb  "2  d'~:n  the  serpent  is  always  a  mu'ad  (even 
when  tamed).  Ib.  '31  dbo  pT3  dbOd  'd  the  mu'ad  pays 
full  damage,  collectible  from  the  owner's  best  property. 
Ib.  II,  4  'z"\  TfTWlO  ba  'd  a  mu'ad  is  an  animal  against 
which  three  warnings  on  three  days  have  been  given; 
(another  opin.)  d^dSS  .  .  .  YVVfno  'd  against  which  three 
warnings  have  been  given  (even  in  one  day).  Ib.  5  dlX 
db*l5b  'd  damage  done  by  a  human  being  must  under  all 
circumstances  be  restored  in  full.  Ib.  17b  'd  m  "nn  (OTPJl) 
damage  done  by  chickens  must  be  restored  in  full;  "CSt 
'd  must  not  &c;  a.  v.  fr. — Trnsf.  n*Pd?b  "D  a  mu'ad  for 
sin,  i.  e.  likely  to  sin  again.  Num.  R.  s.  9  obnoao  "jVd 
'v'z  "2  no?3  Xdnd  having  sinned  three  times,  he  has  be- 
come a  mu'ad  for  sin. — PI.  BTtPm,  "jTtWO.  B.  Kam.  1, 4; 
Tosef.  ib.  I,  4  'd  nOdn  there  are  five  kinds  of  mu'ads.  B. 
Kam.  16a;  a.  fr. 

"13^  \12  m.  (b.  h.;  i>^)  1)  appointed  time,  appointment. 
Pes.  I,  3  (10b)  ttl  TSPid  within  the  time  appointed  for  the 
removal  of  leavened  matter  (up  to  the  sixth  hour  of  the 
day);  '-fl  IrlR  after  the  time  (until  nightfall),  Rashi;  (oth. 
interpret ,  v.  infra).— PI.  ECWO.  Erub.  54b  niinb  'd  no:? 
have  fixed  times  for  the  study  of  the  Law,  v.  S"nid. — 
2)  festive  season,  festival,  esp.  =  "zn  bin,  the  week-days 
intervening  between  the  first  and  the  last  days  of  Passover 
and  of  Succoth.  M.Kat.1, 1;— Pes.  I.e.  'dSTjlPa  during 
the  festive  week  of  Passover;  'd<l  1HSO  after  Passover, 
Tosaf.;  (oth.  interpret., v.  supra). — PL  B'nS'id,  r.rrrid.  Pes. 
X,  6  UTM  tfhvt  16  other  seasons  and  festivals.  Sabb. 
145bd*nd'U  bddO'd  the  festivals  in  Babylonia  are  joyously 
celebrated;  a.  fr. —  "pp  'd  Moed  Katon,  (half- festival) 
name  of  a  treatise  of  the  Mishnah,  Tosefta,  Talmud  Babli 
and  Y'rushalmi,  of  the  Order  of  Mo'ed.— "2  nid  the  Order 
of  Mo'ed,  name  of  the  second  order  of  the  Mishnah,  To- 
sefta and  Talmud  Babli  and  Y'rushalmi. 

1?i£i  ^"?1^  ch.  same.  Targ.  I  Sam.  I,  3;  4.— M. 
Kat.  18b  th  kirt  Marian  bin,  v.  preced.  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  I,  39b 
bot.  "21  n^ld  the  day  or  days  after  a  (gentile)  festival. — 
PL  •pir"2,  K^i-id.  Targ.  Lev.  XXIII,  2.  Targ.  Hos.  II,  13; 
a.  fr. 

S~2n2  f.  ch.=nnr!id  liable  to  do  damage.  Targ.  Prov. 
XXV,  19  Vd  8&TI  (h.  text  tfVUVJt,  v.  B.  Kam.  1, 4 ;  Ms.  Xrsjd, 
v.  :W;  cmp.  Lam.R.  introd.,  R.  Hanina  2,  v.  b£"  a.dddT?). 

flTOD,  v.  tna. 




123^)22  m.,  HtSSHD  f.  (='aa ;  e?a)  small,  minute,  sparse. 
%  -at a  little;  small(spot8ic).  Tosef.Sot.XV,  12,  sq.;  Tosef. 
B.  Bath.  II,  17  '53  '1  H3  -n">lBa  leaves  a  little  portion  (of 
the  wall)  unfinished  in  remembrance  of  the  destruction 
of  Jerusalem ;  'a  *i  m^lBa  leaves  off  a  little  portion  of 
her  toilet.  Hag.  I,  5  tJ  rrrl  rrt  if  he  has  little  of  both.  lb.  8 
'a  Nipa  "pin  the  Biblical  text  for  these  laws  is  sparse. 
Gitt.  14a  'a  nana  a  small  gift.  Sifra  Tsav,  ch.  XV,  Par.  11 
*a  riS^ab  the  putting  on  of  hands  which  is  rarer  (than 
waving,  being  confined  only  to  live  sacrifices);  'a  nEISrl 
waving  which  is  rarer  (being  performed  by  one  person 
only,  while  putting  hands  on  is  done  by  all  sharers  in 
the  sacrifice) ;  a.  fr. — PL  B*HjpWO,  yoiWa ;  WittSft.  Hag.  1.  c. 
"a  ^0331  Q"Ulia  fi^bsiX  many  eaters  (members  of  the 
household  partaking  of  the  peace-offering)  and  small 
wealth.  lb.  'a  tnblS  less  burnt-offerings  (than  peace-of- 
ferings), lb.  1  la  'a  rvobni  .  . .  R"Tpa  the  Rabbinical  laws 
sparse  in  comparison  to  the  profuse  Bible  text  on  the 
subject.  Arakh.  30b  'a  ttVO  . . . ' .  tfi  *W  are  there  longer 
and  shorter  years?;  a. fr.— Esp.  BSfl»,  BS*OT  the  smaller 
thing,  the  lesser  sphere.  B.  Hash.  4>>,  a.  fr.  tt21ia  MDSn 
MDSn'a  nt>En  riOBn  xb  if  you  take  hold  of  the  larger  thing, 
you  may  lose  your  hold,  if  of  the  smaller,  you  will  hold 
it,  i.  e.  where  the  interpretation  is  doubtful,  select  the 
smaller  number;  Y.  YomaII,end,40a'aa!"l.  Sifra  Vayikra, 
N'dab.,  ch.  XIII,  Par.  XII  'aaM  the  least  portion  thereof. 
Y.  Keth.  Ill,  27d  bot.  'aa  ppft  niB13.  the  disgrace  of  a  minor 
is  the  less  grave  thing;  ib.  'aa  1pT51  and  the  indemnity  he 
gets,  is  smaller  ;  a.  fr. 

5n2TlQ,  v.  by\— [Meil.  14b  VWB  Xpl,  v.  VJQr] 
1TD1Z2,  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  I,  40a,  v.  'fHfXS. 

es  sEnU  m.(x^Q)  l) concealed, hidden;  miraculous.  Hag. 
13a  (quot.  fr.  Ben  Sira)  '31  "|aa  'an  search  not  into  that 
which  is  concealed  from  thee  (mysteries  of  theosophy); 
Gen.  E.  s.  8  (v.  fiaobs).  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  Ill;  a.  e.—Pl. 
trxbsia,  "pKblpw.  Snh.  I6b  (play  on  v\bs)  -ji-PiBsa  'au: 
for  their  proceedings  are  wonderful;  Ber.4a  DST,taG'na  'aU3. 
—  Trnsf.  (in  the  phrase  ttrxb  "[lab  'a,  arisen  from  tt^X 
sbs*1  *z,  Lev.  XXVII,  2)  a  child  whose  power  of  dis- 
crimination is  uncertain.  Tem.  21'  wstb  "pabii  'a  ni3*ib 
ish  (Lev.  1.  c.)  is  used  in  connection  with  vows  Cp3*iS>)  in 
order  to  include  la  doubtful  person  next  to  a  man',  i.  e. 
a  boy  near  the  age  of  religious  majority;  Num.  B.  s.  10; 
Naz.  62a;  a.  e.— Ib.  29b  paTl  IB^xb  "paG  'a  the  rule  that 
the  vow  of  a  boy  of  twelve  years  of  age  is  valid  is  merely 
a  rabbinical  enactment. — 2)  distinguished,  esp.  mufla,  a 
special  expert  assessor  at  court  to  whom  questions  of  law 
are  referred,  instructing  judge.  Hor.  I,  4  (if  a  court  gave 
a  wrong  decision)  BIB  Y'n  blB  'a  n%1  X5  in  the  absence  of 
the  mufla.  Ib.  4b  '31  "p-noB  ina .  ..'a  mn  ab  so  also,  if  the 
mufla  was  absent,  they  cannot  be  made  responsible  for 
their  decision,  because  they  ought  to  have  informed  them- 
selves and  did  not  do  so  (therefore  their  judgment  was 
not  a  legal  act  at  all).  Y.  Snh.  1, 19c  top  ",!"lb\B  'ai  KIM  TPtt 
'31  he  (the  questioner)  and  the  mufla  of  the  court  (to  whom 
the  question  had  been  referred)  went  to  &c. ;  Tosef.  ib 
VII,  1 ;  Tosef.  Hag.  II,  9  abBla  ed.  Zuck.  (Var.  absia).  Sifre 

Deut.  152  (ref.  to  vbff*,  Deut.  XVII,  8)  WOU  'MW  laba 
"Uia  this  intimates  that  the  text  speaks  of  the  mufla; 
Snh.  87a  top  (Bashi:  =  fifiala).  Cant.  R.  to  III,  7;  Num. 
B.  s.  11  (ref.  to  G^ID,  II  Kings  XXV,  19)  '31  T'D.  blB  'a  W 
the  saris  means  the  mufla  of  the  court,  who  is  called 
saris  (mediator)  &c,  v.  tn&  H.— PI.  "pabBla.  Hor.  7a  Ms. 
M.  a.  Bashi  (ed.  fbBia).  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps'.  1.  c.  1"3  'wb&ra. 

jbSD'lD,  v.  5b_B.   [Tosef.  Hag.  II,  9,  v.  preced.] 

niDID  m.  (fit"1,  crap.  !"JS^)  confirmation,  evidence;  mir- 
acle.  Sifre  Deut.  83  "p&O  'a.  ..tnaiBn  niN  oth  (sign)  refers 

to  a  phenomenon  in  the  heavens mofeth  to  one  on 

earth.  Snh.  93a  'a  enb  iTBJttlB  D^3K  men  in  whose  be- 
half a  miracle  was  effected.  Y.  ib.  XI,  end,  30r;  a.  fr. — 
Hull.  103b  inn  'a  thou  prodigy  of  the  generation! — PI. 
a^riBia,  'pnBia.   Tanh.  Sh'moth  23. 

riDlQ,  ^r©l£!  ch.  same.  Targ.  0.  Deut.  XIII,  2;  a. 
e.— PI.  "prBia^nBia.  Ib.  Deut.  VI,  22.  Targ.  0.  Ex.  IV, 

f  ID  (cmp.  ysa)  to  suck.— Part.  p^O.  SabD-  13*a  **& 
'a  Kb-!  b^pW  an  infant  that  docs  not  suck.  Ib.  133b  SOaiX 
'a  £<bl  a  surgeon  (circumciser)  that  fails  to  suck  the  blood 
out  of  the  wound.— Ab.  Zar.  32a  '31  Ifib  W"tfl  and  they 
(the  earthen  vessels)  resorb  the  wine  (Ms.  M.  ^Ual  *iS 
'31,  v.  ixa). 

y "ID,  imper.  of  pta. 

y ID  m.  (b.h.;  -pja)  [swc&ecZ  owf,  dry,]  chaff.  Midr.  Till, 
to  Ps.  I,  4  '31  WpMtt)  'as  laXM  CK  you  might  think  'like 
the  chaff'  in  the  valley  in  which  there  is  yet  some  moisture 
&c.  Gen.  B.  s.  83,  end  '31  'am  IBpill  pFp  the  straw,  the 
stubble  and  the  chaff  were  disputing  with  one  another. 
Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  II ;  a.  e.— [Tosef.  Ter.  Ill,  1 7  'ari  IJB  ed.  Zuck. 
from  the  grain  before  it  is  threshed;  v.,  however,  ■"i"-"1'^?-] 

ylD,  fcCZiQ  I  ch.  same.  Targ.  Is.  XXIX,  5  (ed.  Lag. 
fa).  Targ.Hos.XIII,3;  a.  fr.— [Targ.  Ps.  LX1X,  21  HXTO, 
some  ed.,  read:  5«na,  v.  »}a  II.]— Y.  Snh.  X,  27d  bot.  ft» 
'31  i"Pi:Q*J  'a  the  chaff  which  remains  there  (after  the 
straw  is  removed)  undermines  the  walls. 

£*■£  llj  II  Motsa,  near  Jerusalem  (also  named 
Colonia).  Succ.  IV,  5.  Y.  ib.  54b  bot.  '31  x^saa  'a  ina 
what  is  Motsa?  Mamtsia .  .  named  Colonia;  Bab.  ib.  45a 
'31  'a  l"H!>  *p  .  .  .  »nbp  dlpa  the  place  was  named  Co- 
lonia, but  why  does  our  Tanna  call  it  Motsa?  (Answ. :  as  if 
SOSVa)  '31  pSPaiiT^fct  because  its  inhabitants  are  exempt 
from  royal  taxes,  he  calls  it  M.  (v.  Sm.  Ant.  s.  v.  Colonia). 

^T\12  III  m.,  pi.  constr.  \ssia  (b.  h.;  fcB£)  exit;  'a 
ra^J  (abbrev.  T13"ia,  CS10)  the  night  following  the  Sabbath; 
■j"n  'a  the  night  following  a  Holy  Day.  Tosef.  Sabb.  Ill, 
5;  Hull.  15a,  a.  e.  U3"la3.  *>3i<i  (or  IB  "lab)  may  be  eaten 
after  the  Sabbath  is  past.  Bets.  30b;  Sabb.  45a  '0"T>  'a  IS 
'31  ",1ins<n  not  before  the  end  of  the  last  day  of  the  (Suc- 
coth)  festival;  a.— tWattJ  "3  the  period  beginning 
with  the  end  of  the  Sabbatical  year.  Shebi.  IV,  2.  B. 
Hash.  9a;  a.  fr. 



ZHIT-,  v.  ansa. 

T    :  t   :   \ 

mnna,  v.  -=----•?. 

fcCiTlE,  Cant.  R.  to  IV,  1,  read:  VQftBGt,  v.  Kobs. 

"TCWnn  m.  pISX)  swatf,  Usser.—Pl.  |*'ffHU.  Sabb.  10b 
'a  rTVtWW  ....  "jlHa  because  its  (Zoar's)  settlement  was 
more  recent,  its  sins  were  les^s  (Yalk.  Gen.  84  yaSTa). 

p*12  (cmp.  "^a  a.  ppa)  to  be  crushed,  stamped  upon; 
to  be  soft ;  v.  next  w. 

Pa.  p"a,  p5?  (cmp.  iea  I;  b.h.Hif.)  to  talk  contempt- 
uously, sneer,  mock.  Targ.  Prov.  XIX,  28  (Ms.  corruptly 
-—---,  for  "-•;-).  lb.  ni,  11  p*nan  (read:  p^ar). 

Af.  p*K»  same.  lb.  IX,  12  (some  ed.  !pao,  v.  p^a). — 
Targ.  Is.  XXXVII,  22  xp'aa  ed.Lag.  (otb.  ed.^Sa);  Targ. 
II  Kings  XIX,  21  "nra  Bxt.  (ed.  Lag.  ^Sa). 

p*  —  m.  (preced.)  [a  soft  hackled  substance  (cmp.  T|ia),] 
felt-sock  or  stocking.  Tosef.  Teb.  XII,  10  (Ms.  Erf.  "pa, 
marginal  correction  pta);  Yeb.  102b  bot. 

Sp"l/2  ch.  same,  pi.  iffVO.  Targ.  Esth.  VIII,  15,  v. 
■■s-r-i.—  Yeb.  102b  top  'a  "nit  RttWl  (Ar.  ipa*0  "tflt,  corr. 
ace.)  five  pairs  of  socks.  Gitt.  68b  *Ti<p  'aa  be  (Solomon) 
comes  to  us  with  socks  on  his  feet;  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps. 
LXXYIIL  45  —  [Snh.  95a  trpva  Ar.,  read :  iTTiia  ori-i^ia, 

V.  N-p"'^  II.] 

IpuG  m.  (b.  h. ;  "p")  fire-place,  hearth  where  fire  is 
maintained. — 'afi  rva  the  room  (in  the  Temple)  in  which 
fire  is  perpetually  maintained.  Tarn.  I,  1 ;  Midd.  I,  1 ;  a. 
fr.— Sabb.  I,  11  (19b)  'a  rvn  mYia  the  pile  in  the  fire- 
room  (in  the  Temple  or  in  private  houses). 

"P"iE,  &np"l£  I  ch.  same.  Targ.  I  Chr.  II,  54.— Snh. 
33b  '31  y\p  (?"•)  Tpi  T^p/lalX  (not  Tp*j  v.  Rabb.  D.  S. 
a.  1.  note ;  Easbi :  '31  IS)  while  thy  fire  is  burning,  (go) 
cut  tby  gourd  and  roast  it,  i.  e.  when  listening  to  your 
teacher  give  him  your  full  attention,  and  you  need  ask 
no  questions. — iTnaaT  'a  (n*a,  *a)  the  hot  spring  of  Ti- 
berias. Esth.  R.  to  I,  9  "Si  t3Tl  "TO  the  waters  of  the  hot 
spring  &c;  Yalk.  Gen.  133  'a  "m  "ZZ;  Gen.  R.  s.  79  "2 
"0  r-r-  "W  the  baths  of  &c. ;  Pesik.  B'shall.  p.  89b  "pin 
~"pa  (corr.  ace). 

S"p"iS  II  m.  (=h.*ip-rpr)top,  crown  of the  head  (differ. 
fr.  X-p-  -).  Targ.  Job  II,  7  (ed.  Lag.  '"pia,  Var.  "ipia). 
Targ.Y.  Deut.  XXVIII,  35.  [lb.  28  read :  Klpia.]  Targ. Ps. 
VII,  17  (ed.  Lag.  n,  Var.  1). 

"|*~p?l!2,  TrlpC  m.  (Maxeowv)  Macedonian.  Targ. 
I  Chr.  i,  7  (h.  text  yn,  v.  K^-npW).— Esp.  'a  GTlTSrbs 
Alexander  the  Macedonian  (Alex.  tbeGreat),  v.Ci~~:C='-X. 
[Mekh.Yithro,Bahod.  s.9'3,  read  with  ed. Weiss  rival  or 
D"nx=Rome.]— PL  yar.pia,  'pa.  Targ.  Esth.  VIII,  15  'a 
Harm  Macedonian  gilt  shoes. 

JSJ Vlj^l/U  same.  Targ.  Esth.  VIII,  15K2!Tn. .  .V&tys 
'a  the  great  Macedonian  gold  crown;  Targ.  II Esth.  VI,  10 
x-:--p-a  . . .  »W>3. 

^t  :  ^1?^'  1?^?  (Mctx&fcavfflO  Macedonia,  esp.  the 
Greek  empire  founded  by  Alexander  the  Great  and  his 
successors.  Targ.  Y.  Gen.  X,  2;  Targ.  I  Chr.  I,  5  (h.  text 
yp);  Gen.  R.  s.  37,  beg.;  Yoma  10a  [read:]  yn  1Sai2a3  "Ha 

'a  IT;  v. Dio'nix. 

fcfrj^D,  ^IL^p^v.cnpa. 

]  I  'plD  m.  (Maccus,  adapted  to  ynp*l3)  Maccus  or 
Macchus,  a  buffoon  in  Roman  farces.  Ab.  Zar.  18b,  a. 
e. ;  v.  jPtfta. 


SEplft  f.  (nip)  1)  stand;  with  suffix  "napia.  Targ. 
II  Chr.  XXXV,  15  'a  *tnx  ?S  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  Beck  'a  ?5;  h. 
text  ^asa).  *2)  place  of  combats,  arena.  Ex.  R.  s.  30  D^» 
'31  'a?  It  rt)  (some  ed.  a.  Matt.  K.  xapa)  two  entered  the 
arena  (for  a  combat),  one  a  professional,  the  other  a 
private  (amateur). — V.  Mp  ch. 

NjCj>  _  m.  (preced.)  standing  by,  attendance.  Targ. 
II  Chr.  IX,  4  ;  v.  Dpa. 

"nZ2p"iQ,  v.  xapia  a.  xapa. 

"p0p*2  m.  pi.  (tip;  cmp.  mop  a.  x:a)  a  sort  of  sfafe 
garments.  Gen.  R.  s.  36 ;  Cant.  R.  to  VII,  9 ;  Esth.  R.  to 
I,  12  (expl.  -bmo,  Dan.  Ill,  21)  'ft  I'lffiUJ;  cmp.  Wjbfe. 

*]P*E>  v.  P,p3 1  a.  n. 

n^p*C  m.  (Part.  Hof.  of  ftzpj)  {cut  off,  set  aside,  stored 
away,)  \)  a  space  back  of  the  dwelling,  containing  stored 
up  wood,  cattle  in  sheds  &c.  Erub.  II,  3;  ib.  22a.  lb. 
X,  8.  Bets.  IV,  1  taM  Z'Z?  wood  in  the  muktseh  (stored 
for  the  winter);  a.  e. — 2)  store  of  fruits.  Maasr.  Ill,  2. 
Ib.  I,  5  'a  iT2"S"C  IS  until  the  melon  is  stored  away.  Y. 

Ter.  II,  41d  top  T1  bs  in  "ja bttt  mil  he  took  ten 

dry  figs  from  the  storage  as  tithes  for  ninety  in  the  bas- 
ket (designated  for  immediate  use,  v.  n';2;r);  (Men.  54b; 
55a  Sispa). — 3)  (sub.  4o)  the  tool  specially  intended  (for 
cutting  figs).  Shebi.  VIII,  6,  v.  ri2~r;;  [Maim,  the  shed 
where  figs  are  spread  for  drying.}. — 4)  an  animal  set 
aside  (in  a  shed)  for  a  sacrifice.  Tern.  28b  D^C  sac's  tJ 
set  aside  until  it  would  be  seven  years  old.  Ib.  29a  "":a 
STTWl  ",a  'a?  where  in  the  Torah  is  muktseh  intimated? 
(misunderstood  by  Abbaye  as  meaning,  'where  is  it  in- 
timated that  an  animal  must  be  kept  in  an  enclosed  space 
for  some  time  before  it  can  be  offered  on  the  altar?' — 
and  corrected  as  meaning,  'where  is  it  intimated  that  an 
animal  designated  for  idolatry  is  forbidden  for  the  Jewish 
altar  ?').— Tosef.  Ab.  Zar.  V  (VI),  10  VI  t"S?  'a  'a  n^X  what 
is  meant  by  m.  (as  forbidden  for  .the  altar)?  That  which 
has  been  set  aside  (in  a  special  place  designated  for  the 
purpose)  for  idolatrous  use,  but  if  one  merely  devoted 
it  by  word  of  mouth  &c.  Tem.  VI,  1.  Tosef.  1.  c.  9  TOTBta 
'31  MCSS'Ca  'a  SOp3  when  is  an  animal  called  m.  (for  idol- 
atry)?  Prom  the  time  that  an  act  (of  dedication)  has 




been  done  with  it;  Tern. 29*  (12)  lWtt)  IS  K5K  TIBK  TO  *pK 
(v.  Rashi's  first  interpret. ;  second  interpret. :)  a  m.  re- 
mains forbidden  only  until  it  has  been  used  for  some 
work  (whereby  its  designation  for  the  idolatrous  altar  is 
annulled).  lb.  nu»a ....  "iiOK  'a  "pK  a  m.  remains  for- 
bidden only  until  some  act  (as  shearing  its  wool  or  some 
work)  has  been  done  with  it;  a.  e.  — 4)  (Sabbath  law) 
muktseh,  that  which  is  not  counted  on  for  use  on  the  Sab- 
bath or  Holy  Day  (v.  "jsia  s.  v.  fOlt  a.  njain);  forbidden 
for  use  or  handling.  Bets.  2a  KIM  'a  «"3fl  "armaSO  ^Ka 
what  reason  had  Beth  Shammai  (to  permit  the  egg  laid 
on  the  Holy  Day  by  a  hen  which  is  kept  for  laying  eggs 
and  can,  therefore,  not  be  used  for  consumption  on  that 
day)?  Is  it  not  muktseh?  lb.  iVtt  rV4  n^K  'a  IT*  rYWI  he 
who  forbids  m.  forbids  also  nolad  (v.  "lb;).  Sabb.  44a  'a 
OIK^a  nana  not  counted  on  (and  therefore  forbidden  to 
handle)  on  account  of  its  repulsiveness  (e.  g.  an  old  clay 
candlestick) ;  "ilOiK  nana  'a  m.  in  consequence  of  a  ritual 
prohibition  (e.  g.  a  candlestick  which  on  the  entrance  of 
the  Sabbath  could  not  be  moved  because  a  light  was 
burning  on  it).  lb.  157a  CO  yHOn  nana  'a  not  counted 
on  for  use  on  the  Sabbath  because  the  object  is  too  ex- 
pensive for  a  use  for  which  it  is  not  originally  made;  a. 
fr.  —  PL  BtftttB,  'pi?pia  set  apart,  chosen.  Sifre  Num.  85 
(ref.  to  nitpn,  Num.  XI,  1 )  Dn2T15  'an  the  fire  seized  the 
distinguished  among  them  (with  ref.  to  "pSp,  Jud.  XI,  11; 
Yalk.  Num.732  d^Spa).—  Fern.  r1JJJWa,jpJ.  niapia.  Sabb. 
43b  t\m  'a  Km  are  they  not  muktseh  (because  they  are 
not  intended  for  human  food)? 

22pm  v.  sispa. 

fcnplQ  I  m.  Cipj)  honor.  Koh.  R.  to  II,  20;  Lev.  B. 
s.  25  *31  PW^tl  'a  "fin  bs  so  much  honor  do  you  show 
to  this  old  Jew?— Ber.  28a  'an  Kt>3,  v.  &OJ51]. 

fcOp"lQ  II  m.  ("ip;  I,  cmp.  "rip I)  [pickings,]  marrow, 
brain\v.)XrS-Q).  Targ.  Job  XXI,  24.  Targ.Y.Deut.  XXVIII, 
28'a  KTDE'jal  (not  Klpia)  which  makes  the  brain  fat  (dulls 
man's  reason,  v.  csa).  —  Hull.  93a  'ail  iS"ia"i  the  mem- 
brane covering  the  testicles  and  that  covering  the  brain. 
—Yalk.  Gen. Ill,  end;  Gen.  R.s.64,  end  n">"ipia  some  ed., 
v.  K^ipa.]— V.  K^p/ia  II. 

tDp*Q  m.  compared,  v.  ffipJ. 

Jl'CpiQ  m.(cmp.niapa)  a  cucumber  bed.  Y.Kil.III,28c 
bot.;  a.  e.— PI.  (fr.  Kirpia)  ni">irpla  (Y.dial.  for  niKUJpla). 
Ib.d  'an  "pa  nUJpia  (not  "pa)  a  cucumber  bed  between  cu- 
cumber beds. 

"HE,  Hif.  "i^an  (b.  h. ;  cmp.  **TO)  1)  to  exchange.  Snh. 
56b  Wtfi  Kb  iSN  UTbtk  I  am  God,  you  shall  not  ex- 
change me  (for  another  god);  a.  e. — Esp.  (with  ref.  to  Lev. 
XXVII,  33)  to  substitute  a  dedicated  sacrifice  (by  which 
both  become  sacred  property).  Tern.  I,  1  d^aa  bsn 
(Bab.  ed.  "p"paa)  all  persons  have  power  to  exchange ;  Kb 

itflQ  "Van "i^anb  "WB1  B"TKir  which  means  not  that 

one  is  permitted  to  exchange,  but  that  if  one  did,  the 
substitute  is  sacred.  lb.  2a  "naa  13*K  113T1"1  an  heir  cannot 
exchange  his  father's  dedication.    lb.  3a,  a.  fr.  "iB?a  (Pi. 

of  *ia*).  lb.  I,  l  (7b)  dnbm  nx  d^-naa  (Talm.  ed.  dnbira) 
can  exchange  what  belongs  to  them.  lb.  li^pa"1  Kb  1i3an 
ID  (Talm.  ed.ia  *p"Paa  "pK)  he  (the  priest)  cannot  exchange 
the  first-born  animal  (although  it  is  his  as  the  priest's 
share).  lb.  2  '31  bs  ^n  -,a  d^aa  you  can  substitute 
small  cattle  for  large;  a.  fr.— V.  d^ia^KlL— 2)  to  convert. 
Yalk.  Gen.  136  d3nK  "Paa  *3K  I  shall  force  you  to  abjure 
your  religion  (Gen.  R.  s.  82  TailJa) ;  v.  laia. 

Hof.  "lain  to  be  exchanged,  to  become  sacred  (without 
redeeming  the  original).  Part.  laia.  Tem.  1,1;  a.  fr., 
v.  supra. 

"filG  I  ch.,  Af.  "TCBK  (Pa.  "ftp)  same.  Tem.  2b  "WS  ^-laK 
l^aa  he  has  also  the  power  to  exchange  (v.  preced.).  lb. 
10b  '31  "iB^a  Kbn  Kin  ^W^  (Rashi  "niax)  he  has  no  power 
to  exchange,  but  to  dedicate  he  has.  [B.  Mets.  77a  WR. 
na^K,  v.  ^a.— [V.  Kj-iia:*.] 

"11Q  11=  1aK.  Y.  Ber.II,5b  top  "ilal  p^Sa  he  went  out 
and  said.  lb.  h**Vfi1  "rial  (ed.  Lehm.  llaKi)  but  say  also 
what  follows  it. 

"llQ,  Hfo  m.  (b.h. ;  TTO)  myrrh.  Ker.  6a;  Y.  YomalV, 
41d  (an  ingredient  of  frankincense);  Gen.  R.  s.  91,  end; 
Yalk.  ib.  149  (not  "ma),  v.  "niFK.  Mikv.  IX,  5  'an  (Var. 
Ton);  Tosef.  ib.  VI  (VII),  16  'an  the  myrrh-gum.  Cant. 
r!  to  V,  16;  a.  fr.— Ib.  13;  Sabb.  30b,  v.  "ia  II.— PI.  ninia 
lumps  of  gum.  Lam.  R.  to  I,  20  (play  on  Tia"ran  ib.,  as 
if  fr.  lan)  'a  'a  i&ws,  v.  &A  II. 

Tta,  XTfift  (^TQ)  ch.  same.  Targ.  Ex.  XXX,  23 
(Var.  Kna,  Vfim,  K^a,  v.  Berl.  Targ.  0.  II,  p.  29).  Targ. 
Prov.  VII,  W.  Targ.  Ps.  XLV,  9  'TO.  Targ.IIEsth.  II,  5 
(play  on  ^inSa)  Vttfl  K"ia  ed.  Lag.  (oth.  ed.  '"<a).— Hull. 
139b  (translating  "rTTJ  "ia,  Ex.1,  c.)  KOI  K"Ha  clear  (liquid) 
myrrh;  Meg.  10b  "Ol  *"ia  (Ms.  0.  a.  L.  KOH  KlTo,  v.  Babb. 
D.  S.  a.  1.  note  20).— Keth.  75a  ■ppffllai  nnia  Ar.  (missing 
in  ed.)  myrrh  and  musk,  v.  Kni'p. 

S~)"1Q  I  c.  (b.  h.;  K"tJ)  fear,  reverence.  Ab.  I,  3,  a.  fr. 
D"<aiyT'a  the  fear  of  the' Lord.  Ber.  28b  t^att)  'a  W1HU 
"ll"a  'as  to ib»  (Ms.  M.  Kn^ttJ)  that  your  fear  of  the  Lord 
be  as  great  as  the  fear  of  man  (before  whom  you  hide 
yourselves  when  you  want  to  do  wrong).  Kidd.  31a  D^ipn 
ntsn  'ab  dKn  'a  n"apn  the  Lord  (the  Bible  text)  places 
the  reverence  due  to  the  mother  before  that  due  to  the 
father  (Lev.  XIX,  3).  Ib.b  'a  lhTW  whereby  is  filial  re- 
verence shown? ;  Sifra  K'dosh.,  beg.  'a  Kfl  11">K.  Ab.III,  2 
'31  nsoia  KbabKUJ  but  for  the  fear  of  it  (the  secular  govern- 
ment) &c;  a.  fr.— Fern,  form  njoia,  constr.  niOla.  Kidd. 
30b.  Num.  R.  s.  15  nin  'a... It  Klla  this  'fear'  (Koh. VIII, 
13),  we  know  not  what  it  refers  to;  but  on  reading  .  .  . 
(Lev.  XIX,  32)  we  learn  that  it  means  the  reverence  due 
to  one's  teacher.  Ib.  nibpUJa  'al  n"0"i  'a  inn  there  is  also 
the  warning  to  fear  the  Lord  attached  to  the  prohibition 
of  usury  (Lev.  XXV,  36)  and  of  false  weights  (ib.  XIX, 
36).— Naz.IX,  5,  v.  nnia  II.— [Yalk.  Sam.  78  .  .  'a  '^tl  na 
'a  'fin,  read:  K"iSB  .  .  .  X-ft3,  v.  Midr.  Sam.  ch.  II.] 

S"*I"1Q  II,  rn*]Q  f.  (u-topa)  stupid,  foolish.  Lam.  R. 
introdT.(R.  Simeon)  (play  on  nxiia,  Zeph.IH,  1)  [read :]  *fy 

'a  Nnialiab  "pllp  ^^Q  "|3^J  Kin  it  is  a  Greek  expression, 




for  in  Greek  they  call  a  foolish  woman  mora;  Yalk.  Zeph. 
567  tfToa  (corr.  ace).  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  IX,  21  (play  on 
PTftD,  ib.)  'a  .  .  .  i"P3  ",3T!3  .  .  THS  D53n  let  folly  enter  into 
their  hearts,  for  in  Greek  they  call  a  fool  mora  (=  DTlfe). 

n&JTlQ,  constr.  nglfe,  v.  K'Tfia  I. 

nSTlE  f.  (b.  h.  rtKna;  v.  K"TQ  Ifi/".)  crojp  of  birds.  Zeb. 
VI,  5,  sqV  Yoma  21a;  a.  e.— P/.  niK^ia.  Tarn.  I,  4;  Sifra 
Vayikra,  N'dab.,  Par.  7,  ch.  IX. 

ra-fm,  srnraiTa,  rrrnma,  v.  *&£$* 

n"1!!!!^  I  f.  (na'n)  young  tree  or  bough.— PL  Wi^'Tfto, 
Succ.  IV,'  5  (45a)  MSIS  Vtt)  'a  (Mish.  a.  Ms.  M.  '"TO)  young 
willows;  Yalk.  Ps.  876.  Tarn.  II,  3  '"TO. 

rf'STfiQ  IIf.,pi.  ni*S7i^(=nis^*ra,v.nyia'n)l)«;afer- 
ing  time's.  Y.  Shebi.  II,  34a  'a  -ubw  "Oaa  23a  "(sub.  b-TO)  he 
omitted  to  water  it  for  three  periods  (Mish.  ib.  9  niSIS); 
Tosef.  ib.  II,  4  nwna  ed.  Zuck.  (read :  nijna"TO;  Var.  tWaSO). 
— 2)  layers,  piles  of  hewn  stones.  Ib.  m,  1 ;  Shebi.  Ill,  5. 

rta,  nia,  sm'a  v.  ^,  wmto. 

t  ••  t    :  •      '      t    • 

*|YU~nQ,  Targ.  Y.  Lev.  XIX,  36  some  ed.,  v.  JO'tia. 

n^iin^  f.  (rdVi)  perception.— PI.  tyvHSJia.  Num.B. 
s.  14  (some  ed.  'til'TO),  v.  n»ann. 

Tiinm.,  mTjint,  v.™ 

"PID  I  m.  (b.  h.;  TV)  descent— PL  t&tfn.  Erub.56a. 

II  1/2  II  (or  IJTQ)  m.  name  of  a  species  of  locusts. 
ToseZ  Hull.  Ill,  25. 

SP'I'TTIQ  f.  pi.  ("n*i  fo  plough)  furrows.  Targ.  Ps. 
CXXIX,  3  fttWlW  ed.  Lag.  (Regia  "tWWOj  ed.  Wil. 
TTOtfTWij  ed.  Ven.  IWttO,  corr.  ace). 

S"1^  ™nO  m.  (preced.;  cmp.  "im,  Jon.  1, 1 3)  rudder.  B. 
Mets^Y11';  Meg.  16b,  v.  rtfbb. 

tt  :     :  t    •  t    :  "  :  1 

SP^T"7|Q,  "*T™Q>  Sp"^™lD  m.  (Pers.  murdah  mortuus, 
v.Pl.toLev.Targ.Dict.I,p. 4181 ;  cmp. iJCrna) dead, wither- 
ed flesh.  Hull.  121a  (expl,  \btk,  Mish.  ib"  IX,  1)  R.  J.  says 
KpTTO  Ar.  s.  v.  VV«  (ed.  a.  Yalk.  Job  906  KpB^ia);  R.Lak. 
says,  yoiO  in-obsa  lira  (v.  tA&j) ;  [Targ.  Job.  XIII,  4,  a  gloss 
to  Vbx,  combining  both  opinions:  fc0">30  IrfB&h  Np^nial 
ed.  Lag.  (ed.  Wil.  Tlta;  Ar.  ed.  Koh.  s.  v.  bbx:  *ttf|. 

riH^lD  myrrh,  v.  KTOQ. 

n~l  iD  I  m.  (b.  h. ;  =  niSa,  of  Phoenician  origin,  v. 
Wellh.  Text  d.  B.  Sam.,  p.  146,  sq.)  razor.  Naz.  IX,  5; 
Midr.  Sam.  ch.  II  '31  (n)TTO$h  %  tva  as  the  word  morah 
which  is  used  in  connection  with  Samson  (Jud.  XIII,  5) 
intimates  that  he  shall  be  a  nazarite,  so  also  &c.  (I  Sam. 
I,  11);  v.  next  w. — Num.  B.  s.  10  why  is  the  razor  C"l3>n) 

called  morah?  *an  KT*na  15>tt5ri  ytX®  for  the  hair  is  afraid 
of  nothing  but  the  razor  (v.  XTTO);  v.  Midr.  Sam.  1.  c. 

TlTpilZ  II  m.  (cmp.  nspTO)  authority.  Naz.  IX,  5  &6m 
1'"Q  bffi  Stbx  'a  "px  does  not  this  morah  (I  Sam.  I,  11,  v. 
Targ.)  mean,  'the  authority  of  man  (shall  not  come  upon 
his  head)'?  Tla.  Via  'a  rts  tlTl  "Q31B  (Var.  XTia)  the  au- 
thority of  man  was  obviously  upon  him  (I  Sam.  XVI,  2) ; 
Midr.  Sam.  ch.  II  (corr.  ace). 

TTpiD  III  f.  stupid,  v.  Kite  11. 

JIHIQ  I,  part.  IK/",  of  nn*  •  v.  next  w. 

JiniQ  II  m.  (b.  h.  jrnfa;  part,  of  WTO)  rebellious.— 
PL  D-nia.  Tanh.  Huck.  9  (ref.  to  ffnan/Num.  XX,  10) 
D^sa"©  'an  .  . .  'an  ina  what  does  this  hammorim  mean? 
There  are  several  explanations  of  it  :^awm.  means'trouble- 
some';  '31  "pCllD  'on  hammorim  means  'fools',  for  in  the 
sea  towns  they  call  fools  morim  (v.  cilia);  cnai&t  tlPI 
•jh^raVa  nt<  CiTiaUJ  'an  and  some  say,  ha  mm.  means  those 
who  presume  to  teach  their  teachers;  (or)  O^nn  tT^TTOM 
'31  those  who  shoot  arrows  (with  ref.  to  I  Sam.  XXXI,  3); 
v.  rTTJ;  Num.  R.  s.  19. 

S  1  j"173  III  (jAiops,  vocat.  of  [xojpo;,  v.  next  art.)  fool! 
Pesik.'  Shim'u.  p.  118b  'a  ^33  snip  inn  PS*  .  .  .  rjV'tib  like 
to  a  king  who  gave  his  son  in  charge  of  a  pedagogue  and 
said,  never  call  my  son  fool;  .  .  yins  'a  SOlirt  ft»l  na 
CYTia  .  .  what  does  this  more  mean? — As  in  Greek  they 
call  a  fool  moros;  Yalk.  Jer.  265;  Yalk.  Num.  764  "Oab... 
D^Tia  (con-,  ace). 

plHl/Qi  Targ.  Ps.  LV,  22,  v.  RrVWia. 

Dimn  m.  ((JL(op6;)  fool.  Pesik.  Shirnu,  p.  1181',  a.  e., 
v.  preced.  art.— PL  Ci-.ia,  ynia.  Ib.  'a  ^33b  .  .  .  .  V&t  you 
shall  not  call  my  children  fools  (play  on  d^'an,  v.  preced, 
art.).  Tanh.  Huck.  9,  v.  nnia  II. 

/  lG)  l/l/J  m.  supposed  to  be  the  name  of  a  clean  bird 
with  long  legs  and  of  a  red  color,  Rashi  (differ,  in  Ar.). 
Hull.  63a.   [The  sense  of  'a  -p3a"i&1  is  obscure.] 

r.nniQ,  Tosef.  Ter.  IV,  15  =nrri!iaa,  v.  nna. 

12™nQ"m.  (=zniaa;  a^ia)  bald-headed  person.  Tosef. 
Naz.  1^6  (Naz.  46bBmaan  yp), 

S'OIQH'IQ,  T3HD  pr.  n.  Mauretania,  a  district  of 
northwestern  Africa'.  Sifre  Deut.  320 ;  Yeb.  63  h  (not  liOcna), 
v.  X^3"13. 

"HTO,  Yalk.  Gen.  149,  read  Tia. 

^"IIQ  m.  (b.  h.  :nia,  Wfeaj  cmp.  ™Pi)  1)  an  im- 
plement with  grooves  or  indentations,  esp.  threshing  sledge. 
—PL  DV?^.  BT?io.  Zeb.  116b;  Men.  22a;  Ab.  Zar.  24b 
(expl.  a^lta,  II  Sam.  XXIV,  22),  v.  b^sntts.— 2)  ^a^fl^e 
(Rashi:  all  parts  of  the  animal  which  are  rough  and  in- 
dented).—PL  as  ab.  Ber.  55a;  Sabb.  81a  nana  ^"nia  the 
palate  (or  tongue  &e)  of  an  animal. 





WHId,  JHId  ch.  same;  1)  threshing  ledge.  Targ. 
Is.  XLT,  15.— PI.  K^-Vra.  Targ.  II  Sam.  XXIV,  22.  Targ. 
Is.  XXVIII,  27  KVnn  ^'n'ia  (ed.Lag.  W»<  h.  text  tf«*B).- 
Tem.  18a  *Tnjr*tiO0  ",BK  Ar.  (ed.  '3^1»D ;  Eashi  ♦j'tea)  even 
if  you  have  to  take  them  away  from  the  threshing  sledges. 
— 2)  palate.  Targ.  Job  XII,  11;  a.  ft.  — PI.  as  ah.  (with 
sing,  meaning).  Targ.  Ps.  XXII,  16  (ed.  Wil.  sing.).  Targ. 
Cant.  V,  16;  a.  e. 

7JP  H  id  morigan^  a  word  in  an  incantation.  Sahb.  67a 
Ms.  M.  (ed.  «*na). 

jrp-]il2,  'dH  HH  (b.  h.)  Mount  Moriah,  the  Temple 
mount.  Taan.  II,  4,  sq.  '31  'an  1Tt3  .  .  .  n33?W  Tq  may  He 
who  answered  Abraham  on  M.  M.  answer  your  prayer 
&c.  lb.  16a;  Y.  Ber.  IV,  8C  top;  Cant.  E.  to  IV,  4;  Gen.  E. 
s.  55 ;  Pesik.  E.  s.  40  (homiletical  etymologies). 

"]inHid,  v.  $*#. 

"Dirrmd,  WwnTin  Pr.  n.  m.  MauHau. 

wus(?),  eponymous  hero  of  Eaamah.   Targ.  Y.  Gen.  X,  7; 
Targ.  I  Chr.  1, 9  (ed.  Lag.  'B&onaa). 

fc^nin,  'd  s^bn^m.  Pi.  (V.  **»*,  a.  ***)  an  in- 

gredient  of  frankincense,  supposed  to  be  unguis  odoratus. 
Targ.Y.  II  Ex.  XXX,  34  (not  jtazj;  h.  text  rtrTffl). 

ST^Hidf.  (=nj*lin;  ttffr  decision,  law.  Y.  Snh.  IV, 
beg.  22&T(in  Chald.  diet.)  'a  JW  *6 . . .  fttrtl  that  scholar 
did  not  know  the  law. 

rP^Hld,  Cant.  E.  to  II,  16,  'a  "»i,  v.  tmKF^fj. 

T^TTQ,  SD^Hld  m.  pj*)  teacAer,  scAoZflr.  Keth. 
23a  •p3'1*X  '21  -,33.  they  are  the  daughters  of  a  scholar.  Y. 
Sabb.  VIII,  llb  top  WW!  'a  (not  'U531)  the  teacher  of 
the  Nasi  (E.  Judah);  Y.  Shek.  Ill,  47c;  ib.  VIII,  beg.  51a 
Vt*Vft  n^iia. 

D" ' 'HlI3,  (ch.  form  Kb^fla)  m.  (muries)  brine,  pickle 
containing  fish-hash  and  sometimes  wine.  Ab.  Zar.  34b 
"inia  "jaix  'a  you  may  use  muries  prepared  by  a  gentile 
professional  cook  (because  he  puts  no  wine  into  it).  Ib. 
V&f+txn  SOnX  a  ship-load  of  muries.  Pes.  109a  'ai  xr©p 
'31  a  xestos  measure  for  muries  existed  in  Sepphoiis 
which  corresponded  to  the  Log  of  the  Temple;  Y.  Sabb. 
VIII,  1 1*  bot. ;  Y.  Pes.  X,  37c  bot.  '=1  'El  Vttp*&  Kraain  an 
old  Tumanta  (eighth  of  a  kab)  for  muries  in  Sepphoris. 
Y.  Ter.VIU,  45b  bot.,  v.  UOiS  I.  Tosef.  Ber.  IV,  2.  Tosef. 
Dem.  I.  24;  Hull.  6a:  a.  fr/ 

STlD'Hld  morifath,  a  word  in  an  incantation.  Sabb. 
67a  Ms.  M.  (missing  in  ed.). 

2$|5"Hld  m.  1)  <py*)  crocus,  saffron.  Targ.  Cant.  IV, 
14.— [Targ.  Ps.  CXIII,  9,  v.  p1\]— Y.  Kil.  II,  28a,  v.  SWl. 
Gitt.  70a,  v.  tTltt.  Hull.  47b  'a31 .  .  .  tBTTl  which  has  the 
color  of  cuscuta  or  saffron;  a.  e. — 2)  v.  Npiial. 

H "H id  m.  (part.  Hif.,  denom.  of  Ti)  spitting,  dis- 
charging secretion.  Tosef.  Par.  IX  (VIII),  6  Kinir  i3£a 
Tma  E.  S.  to  Par.  IX,  2  (ed.  Wra,  corr.  ace)  because  it 

secretes  liquid  matter. — PI.  "pTyia.  Ib.  E.  S.  1.  c.  (ed. 
•pis,  corr.  ace).  Neg.  IX,  2,  quot.  by  E.  S.  to  Par.  1.  c; 

v.  *na. 

"CHld  m.  testator,  ancestor,  v.  C"i". 

HHId  m.  (b.  h.  Tpa;  Tjrn)  faintness,  cowardice.  Sifra 
B'huck.  Par.  2,  ch.VII  (ref.  to  Spb,  Lev.  XXVI,  36,  with- 
out i)  [read:]  '3i  -pa  . .  xpk  . .  "pa  YfcOfil  -mi»  lJiS  it 
does  not  read  morekh  (with  1,  which  may  be  derived  from 
"pX  and  mean  hope,  v.  TpX)  but  morekh  (without  1)  which 
means  fear,  terror,  despair  &c  (v.  ?pa);  Yalk.  Lev.  675 
(corr.  ace). 

arnvmia  arsronia,  arprvta  tjuxmx 

tt«:  tt>:  t    t  •    :  i~         "* 

cmp.  nmix  I)  long  boards,  esp.  the  trough  at  the  well 
(h.  dXirV-i). '  Targ.  Y.  I  Gen.  XXIV,  20  (ed.  Amst.  ni*aiia, 
corr.  ace;  Y.  II  iTaila  nnnxi,  corr.  ace).  Ib.  XXX, 38; 
41  (Y.  11  KWala,  corr.  ace).  Targ.Y.  Ex.  II,  16  (ed.  Amst. 
KTffrWBJ,  corr.  ace). 

"^DDHld,  Y.  Shebi.  VI,  end,  37a,  v.  131. 

DH^ld,  Part.  Hof.  of  Din  q.  v. 

T"fid  m.  (prob.  contract,  of  "pixa;  -fix)  moran,  name 
of  a  compartment  of  the  house  (the  Greek  peristyle?). 
B.  Bath.  I,  6  (lla)  'an  (Ms.  M.  fiaB;  Ms.  H.  -pian). 

fcOH'ld  (Ar.  ns&na,  hSKTJQ)  name  of  a  parasite  worm. 
Ab.  Zar.  26b  'a  dllUb  (a  circumcision  performed)  on  ac- 
count of  a  murana. — Hull.  49a  '31  "yobs  'a  as  to  a  murana 
found  on  the  lungs,  there  is  a  difference  of  opinion  &c. 
Ib.  67b  Ar.  (ed.  "9TI).— H.  T3lia,  iJSSO.  Targ.Y. Ex. XVI, 
20.    Targ.  Job  VII,  5  (not  h3ila) ;  a.  e.  —  [V.  next  w.  a. 


T      •    T  "" 

"P^DHId,  ^Hld  (or  'ia)  f.  pi.  (cmp.  EJKJ  1)  ash- 
frees(b.h.iniFi).'Targ.Is.XLI,19;  LX,  13(ed.Wil.^3^; 
ed.  Ven.  I  yjMW). — 2)  lances,  v.  xrroiia. 

SdnDmd,  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XXI,  1 8,  a  misplaced  Var.  lect. 

of  wraiia,  v.  xn->3iia. 

9  t      •  :    :  - 

sTPDHId  f.  (v.  preced.  art.,  cmp.  jxeXia  ash  a.  spear) 
spear,  lance.— PI.  ni*3lia.  Ex.  E.  a.  17,  end-1^  'a . .  .33?  xn 
'31  it  is  for  you  my  darts  are  prepared,  which  I  send  over 
the  waves  of  the  sea  (on  your  ships).  Ib.  '31  ">bttJ  'a  my 
(the  Lord's)  darts  are  ready. 

SrrOHId,  "0H*)d  ch.  same,  lance,  pole.  Targ.  Ps. 
XLvf,  10^  Targ.  I  Sam.  XIII,  22;  a.  fr.  —  [Targ.  Y.  Ex. 
XXI,  19  nirroisra  his  staff,  v.  KtVCtfia.]-  [Targ.  Ps.CXXlX, 

3  ynrwrna  ed.  Ven.,  v.  stnii^a.]— Pi.  T^nva,  wn^s-TDo, 

WVJS^HV  Targ.  Ps.  LV,  22  (ed.  Wil.  yVWfc  corr.  ace). 
Targ.  Jer.  XL VI,  4.   Targ.  II  Chr.  XI,  12 ;  a.  fr.— Targ.  Ez. 

XXXIX,  9  ■pS'WO  "tfK  (h.  text  T>  Ppa,  v.  -p^lia).— Pesik. 
B'shall.,  p.  94a;  Koh.  E.  to  XI,  2  'am  "nain'a  with  sticks 
and  poles. 

D3H"ld,  Pesik.  E.s.  21,  v.  oisnrj. 

5$&"fid  m.  (cmp.GlX)  abscess.  Eduy.  II,  5;  Tosef.  ib. 
I,  8,  a.  e.,  v.  Dpa.  Gitt.  69b  'ab  a  remedy  for  an  abscess. 





■p-jr&l'm  v.  pDBWft 

Jp  n!2  m.  (OD")  bruised  grain,  coarse  bran  (differ,  fr. 
fQW). "  Y.  Sot.  I,  17b;  Y.  Peah  VII,  20a  bot.;  Keth.  112a 
■pOtia  (corr.  ace).  Tosef.  Shebi.  V,  8.  Hall.  H,  6  lJO/Wa 
tbe  bran  tbereof ;  a.  fr. 

Ss?pH*0  f.  (DD"i)  destruction,  ruins.  Targ.  Prov. 
XXVI,  26*  (h.  text  IptX&a). 

/"■-=r;X-3q.  v. 

T  t         :    ^ 

""l"lS,  Y.  Yoma  VIII,  end,  45c,  read  with  Lev.  K.  s. 

3 :  sn  '--. 

"TTIIj,  j)£  ■j^'n'i-a,  v.  Wia. 

SlJ"1"1D,  S  \£TTtfl  m.  (cinp.  $&ty  projecting  point. 
Ber.24a~2*=T-  the  top  of  the  cap  (the  bag  containing  the 
T'fillin).  Erub.  76b;  Suce.  8a  Xnxripn  "a  the  projection  of 
the  corners  (of  a  square  inscribed  in  a  circle).  B.  Bath.  3a  'a 
Nr:-pi  the  projections  of  a  rough  stone  wall.  Sabb.  77b 
r-"T  X3p  *a  the  top  of  the  scab,  opp.  mm,  lb.  100b 
~-  r"X  '"=  N -:"-",  Ms.  M.  perhaps  the  ground  in  the  water 
has  a  projecting  eminence  (v.  Tosaf.  a.  1.;  ed.  mx  'a  Wfi 
nb  but  has  not  the  ship  a  projecting  point  (a  helm)? — 
Hull.  17b  '31  KBp  'a  the  anterior  edge  of  a  notch  in  a 
knife  cuts  smoothly  (the  skin  and  flesh)  and  the  posterior 
edge  tears  the  vital  parts  (D">3at3).  Men.  94b  "TOS  nclla 
tlb  (Rashi  KttHlO)  he  attache  sto  the  shipshaped  cake  a 

TVETW2  f.  (b.  h.;  &P)  inheritance.  Snh.  59a  (ref.  to 
Deut.  XXXIII,  4)  Ettb  xbl  'a  lib  it  is  our  inheritance,  not 
theirs.  lb.  '38  bttfia  'a  naiH  1JW  according  to  him  who 
reads  morashah,  he  (the  gentile  studying  the  Law)  robs 
(us).  Ber.  57a,  a.  e.  nia-'ixa  xbs  *a  "Hpn  bx  read  not  (Deut. 
1.  c.)  morashah  inheritance,  but  m'orasah  (betrothed),  v. 
Dnx.  Ex.  R.  s.  33. 

N'tZTHQ,  v.  tfwva. 

S7H"E  f.  (v.  -•:),  xnpijiUJ  'a  a  solution  of  pounded 
myrrh-gum.  Y.  Ber.  VI,  10a  bot. 

Uj^lZ  (b.  h.;  v.  rra)  to  feel,  touch. 
Nif.  iaia2,  part.  pi.  WTttHaJ  [gropers,  searchers.]  the  last 
troop  of  gleaners.  Peah  VIII,  1  '3rt  "oVnOa  from  the  time 
the  last  gleaners  go.  Y.  ib.  20d  BffKl  .  .  .  'S  fttV  X"ip3  nab 
'31  why  are  they  called  n'moshoth  (searchers)?  Because 
they  come  out  last.  Ib.  '31  'S  "On  *ijn  rHX  (not  rPlBiai) 
some  read  n'moshoth,  others  mashoshoth  &c. ;  he  who  reads 

wsA.  calls  them  so,  because  they  feel  their  way  in  walk- 
ing (old  people);   B.  Mets.  21b;   Taan.  6b  '31  130  'J  VOB 

that  is  meant  by  n'moshoth?  Old  men  walking  on  a 
staff;  (oth.  opin.)  '=1  tJlpV,  v.  Xaipb.  Y.  Peah  I.e.  sdtf  JTtl 
"Sri  "pa  (not  *a)  used  to  go  out  among  the  last  gleaners. 

L31Q  eh.  1)  same.  Targ.  0.  Gen.  XXVII,  12;  a.  e.— 
2)  (perh.  fr.  r:aa;  cmp.  l&ttDb)  to  handle,  attend  to,  pre- 
pare. M.  Kat.  27b  '31  xrevx  "Xn  Anm  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S. 
a.  1.  note;  ed.  incorr.)  let  that  woman  have  her  shroud  in 
readiness.  B.  Kam.  92b  uia  *pS3&  XE31X  prepare  a  saddle 
for  thy  back,  v.  XS31X. 

Af.  ttjiax  fo  a#o«p  to  touch.  Targ.  Jud.  XVI,  26  yxt^HJK\ 
(ed.  Lag.  iSttJaxi,  v.  Xflja). 

H^JIQ  m.  (b.  h.:  3^)  seat,  sitting.  Y.  Ber.  IX,  13a  top 
i"Jtt3Ylp3  iaiaia  His  sitting  (in  judgment)  is  in  holiness  (with 
ref.  to  Ps.  XLVII,  9).  Meg.  IV,  3  (23b)  'ai  iDSa  the  cere- 
mony of  rising  and  sitting  down  at  funerals;  a.  fr. — aiaia 
trsb,  v.  yb. — Esp.'a  (nxaia)  the  uncleanness  caused  by  an 
unclean  man's  sitting,  the  unclean  seat  (Lev.  XV,  4).  Kel. 
I,  5  tf\  331Ua  Xaaa  causes  uncleanness  of  couch  and  seat; 
Zab.  I,  1;  a.  fr.  — [Hull.  124a  at  aria  the  privy  chair  of 
one  afflicted  with  gonorrhoea;  Ar.  reads:  atana,  VOXOO, 
'a  leather  seat  of  a  folding  chair',  v.  JW.] — PL  niaria. 
Lev.  R.  s.  1 ;  Tanh.  Vayikra  1  (ref.  to  Prov.  XXV,  7)  pm 
'DT  'a  "jaipa  "ja  keep  removed  from  thy  place  two  or  three 
seats  (behind  that  which  is  due  to  thy  position),  that 
they  may  say  to  thee,  go  up. 

JlDETlD,  v.  preced. 

"JnESIZS  or  "jTCJID,  y.  Yeb. vm,  9d  top  'ai  1-115  xin 

(or  ITS) ;  Y.  Kidd.  IV,  65d  bot.  'xrai  "pS  Xin,  prob.  to 
be  read:  XC-a/l  )^S  or  "jUTa/i,  v.  8TOI  a.  tfKf, 

rnlrntfb,  v.  *»& 

y_  'Uj"lD  m.  (b.  h.;  r-r*)  protector,  aid,  esp.  (by  adopt- 
ing the  phrase  Deut.  XXII,  27 )  means  of  saving  a  be- 
trothed damsel  assaulted.  Snh.  73a  iai  baa  fib  'a  By  xn 
yiDYl?  bia^'iD  but  if  there  is  aid,  any  means  to  save  her 
is  permitted  (even  by  the  death  of  the  assailant).  Ib.  C 
'31  pX  'a  Tib  if  there  is  another  way  of  saving  her,  you 
dare  not  kill  him. 

rjljlD,  v.  ptiia. 
fcO*£";2  hide,  v.  «3ttJa. 

T      :  *  t    :  - 

n3Ipl2,  '12  :p3  pr.  n.  pi.  the  Fort  of  the  Moschi,  a 
people  whose  territory  formed  the  southern  part  of  Col- 
chis. Kidd.  72a;  Yeb.  17*. 

jDlL  _  pr.  n.  pi.  Moxoene,  a  town  east  of  the  upper 
Tigris  sources.  Kidd.  71 b  'a  12  Babylonia  extends  (for 
genealogical  purposes)  as  far  as  M.  Ib.  72a  'ai  linb  "OttJla 
Tinb(K,rakh)Moshki  (v.  preced.)  is  different  fromMoxoene. 

pIplQ  m.  (v.  pawa)  musk.  Ber.  43a  (Ms.  M.  ^ria).— 
PI.  '"ppria,  v.  pacsia'. 

niD,  rfiD  (b.  h.)  to  die.  Gitt,  VII,  3,  a.  fr.  ->na  DSt  if  I 
should  die.  Gen.  R.  s.  9  (play  on  littr,  Gen.  I,  31)  nam 
nia  aia  behold,  it  is  good  to  die.— Kidd.  72b  '31  *1  natt53 
when  R. . .  died.  M.Kat.  28aD1KnS  na  if  one  dies  suddenly. 
Sabb.  55b  WB  DXana  died  for  their  sin.  Tam.  32a  (in 
Chald.  diet.)  '31  moM  ffiS^X  Tas^  na  what  must  man  do 
in  order  to  die?  Let  him  feed  himself,  v.  <l"n.  Shebu. 
18a,  v.  ai'JI;  a.  v.  fr.— V.  HO. 

Eif.  Pi^an  to  put  to  death;  to  cause  death.  Snh.  53a  3X 
'=■  :r^aa  nnx^...irviafib  bia^  nnx  ^x  that  if  you  cannot 
put  him  to  death  in  the  manner  legally  prescribed,  you 
must  execute  judgment  by  whatever  means  you  can.  Ib. 
56b  "mbs  fWnra  .  .  .  n^iai  acts  on  which  a  Jewish  court 
passes  a  sentence  of  death.   Tam.  1.  c.(in  Chald.  dict.)fia 





laXS  FW  .  .  .  8S*»  W  what  must  man  do  in  order  to 
live?  ..  Let  him  starve  himself  (his  appetites).  Ber.  63b 
ST&0  lass  n^aaUJ . . .  n"*l  *pat  the  words  of  the  Law  remain 
only  with  him  who  kills  himself  (denies  himself  all  en- 
joyments) for  its  sake  (with  play  on  Num.  XIX,  14);  a.  v.  fr. 
Hof.  nam  to  be  put  to  death.  Keth.  87b  rpD3  fWW 
those  put  to  death  by  the  sword.  Snh.  55b  rTf^'J'WU'UJ 
are  put  to  death  on  her  account;  a.  fr. 

ITnZJ  ch.  same,  v.  n^a. 

n ]Q  m.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  death.  Ab.  II,  4  tfP  T2  . .  .)>& 
~nia  do  not  trust  thyself  (that  thou  wilt  not  sin)  until 
thy  dying  day;  Ber.  29a.  lb.  17a  HA  Q^X  5)16  man's  final 
destiny  is  death ;  a.  v.  fr. — 'an  "jxba  (abbrev.  a"na)  the 
angel  of  death.  Ab.  Zar.  5\  Gen.  R.  s.  9  IKa  STtS  ITMTI 
a"na  rlT  'and  behold,  it  was  very  good'  (Gen.  I,  31)  this 
refers  to  the  angel  of  death;  a.  fr. 

DIG,  SriQ  I  ch.  same.  Targ.  Ex.  X,  17.  Targ.  Jer. 
XI,  19  'at  KaO  poison;  a.  fr.  — Targ.  Y.  Gen.  XXXV,  18 
fern.— Sabb.  88b  'al  XaD,  v.  supra;  Yoma  72b.— Yeb.  63a 
'aa  ^pn  !*W|i  something  harder  than  death.  M.Kat.  28b, 
v.  B^Orl  ;  a.  fr. 

tXTf\T2  II  f.  (-ny  oath,  v.  wnaia. 

2iT1I3,SDP1Q  m.  (2rv?)=h.  2ti3ia,sea£,  dwelling;  session. 
Targ.Ez.XLVilI,15.  Targ.  0.  Ex. XII, 42;  a.  fr.— B.Bath. 
165b,  a.  fr.  Xnbn  anias  in  a  session  of  three  judges.  Koh. 
R.  to  III,  6  [read :]  '=1  ifrr^Hia  )Vr?  but'  he  assigned  to  them 
their  place  in  a  dark  compartment  of  the  ship;  a.  fr. — 
'a  Una  court,  school.  Bekh.  5b  PO*l  'a  ifEQ  in  the  Great 
College;  Yalk.  Ex.  224  nnnia. — PI.  "pnnia,  constr.  Tarfa. 
Targ.  Ez.  XXXIV,  13.— [Targ.  Y.  I  Deu't.  XVIII,  8  tirVra, 

v.  bOfria.] 

Sr^DplQ,  constr.  rfiDrriQ  f.  (preced.)  settlement. 
Targ.  Y.  Num.  XXI,  15  (some  ed.  niinia;  h.  textnsui). 

S33rrM2  m.  (preced.)  1)  residence. — PI.  "pSSnia.  Targ. 
Ex.  XT,  23.  lb.  XXXV,  3  (Y.  II  "vna  tV±);  a.  fr.— 2)  seat, 
chair. — PI.  as  ab.    Targ.  II  Esth.  I,  2. 

Km™,  v.  annual. 

T    :  t  :      ■ 

X^mij,  pi.  wftmo.  v.  xbna. 

t:  ■         't-j*  t  :  - 

"j^PQ  m.  (TWO)  pestilence.  Sifra  B'huck.  Par.  2,  ch.  IV 
(ref.  to  nfcna,  Lev.  XXVI,  16)  'a  raa  ....  nbnaan  nsa  a 
plague  which  causes  confusion  among  men,  and  which  is 
that?  It  is  the  plague  of  pestilence  (epidemic);  Yalk. 
Lev.  673. 

fcOiTID  ch.  same.  Targ.  0.  Num.  XVII,  15  (Y.  fem., 
sub.  rina).  lb.  XXXI,  16.  Targ.  Ps.  LXXVIII,  50  Ms.  (ed. 
tiniaa);  a.  fr.— Taan.  8b,  v.  SUED.  Snh.  29a;  Yeb.  114b 
(prov.)  '31  'a  nin  *p«j  aia  a  pestilence  may  last  seven 
years,  yet  none  dies  before  his  time,  a.  e.  —  [Targ.  Y.  II 

Num.  xxni,  io.  ya-nap  "pania,  read  'jfi  ttniaj 
SDP1D  rope,  v.  bttPO. 

m.  pi.  ch.=h.  BWa,  loins,  sides.  Targ.Y.  Gen. 

XXI,  14.— Hull.  51a  tk  fro  WJPfew  (Rashi:  'naa)  they 
throw  them  so  that  they  fall  on  their  sides. 

SP3riQ  f.  pi.  (?)  =  JOrVia.  Targ.  Y.  Lev.  XXVI,  16 
(ed.  Amst.  fctnama,  corr.  ace). 

"IFfi/G,  v.  ina. 

T  "T 

111  l!Q  m.  (b.  h.;  *\ty*)  remainder,  surplus.  Shek.IV,3 
'31  iTMtt  Iriia  what  remains  over  of  the  surplus  fund  of 
&c.  lb.  4.  Men.  83b  nosn  'a  what  has  not  been  used  of 
the  money  (or  the  animals)  dedicated  for  the  Passover 
sacrifice;  a.  f r.  —  PI.  rrhrria.  Y.  Yoma  V,  beg.  42b  ^fcOn 
'31  'an  b9  Kin  T'a  (not  K^3n)  it  is  a  silent  agreement  of 
the  authorities  that  surpluses  (from  sacrificial  appropri- 
ations) shall  be  applied  to  burnt-offerings.  Sifra  Tsav, 
Mill.,  end  QiT^irYia  their  remnants. 

"THE),  fcnSTC  ch.  1)  same.  Targ.  0.  Ex.  XVI,  23. 
Targ.TY.  II  Ex.  XII,  34  (h.  text  -nlXUia);  a.  e.— Lev.  R.  s. 
34,  end  '31  "pba  iwia  ...  13  when  she  talked  a  surplus  of 
words  (more  than  necessai-y)  on  the  Sabbath.— PL  &t^rn"i?3, 
n^^nia.  Num.R.  s.  11  '31  'a  p^K  how  many  days  (above 
3000)  are  there?  —  2)  superabundance.  Targ.  Is.  I,  9. — 
3)  preference,  advance.   Targ.  Koh.  II,  13  ;  a.  e. 

rDft?  m.  (b.  h.;  n31)  attar.  Zeb.  V,  1,  a.  fr.  ytimh  'a, 
v.  ftitri  Tam.  Ill,  1,  a.  fr.  ^a^sn  'a  the  inner  altar  (in 
the  interior  of  the  Temple).— Gitt.  V,  5  'an  "jipn  i3Ba  in 
order  to  prevent  neglect  of  the  altar.  lb.  55b  lia&O  xbttJ 
'31  bsiX  'a  lest  people  say,  the  altar  receives  stolen  goods. 
Ber.  55a,  v.  153.  Gen.  R.  s.  80  T6fO  p  'as  as  the  altar, 
so  are  its  priests;  Y.  Snh.  II,  end,  20d;  a.  v.  fr. — Ab.  Zar. 
53b;  Tosef.  ib.  V  (VI),  8,  a.  e.  (of  an  idolatrous  altar),  v. 

wa^a.— P/.  ninata.  Lam.  R.  to  1, 16  nsaus  nnaa  isax  i-n 

'31  'a  behold,  our  mother  built  seven  altars  and  offered 
seven  children  on  one  day  (as  martyrs  of  their  faith). 
Num.  R.  s.  20;  a.  e. 

&s*2jD  m.,  pi.  ''Vfita  (v.  bat)  foliage  in  a  bag,  bolster 
used  by  the  shepherd;  [Ar.  short  pieces  of  matting].  Succ. 
20a,  expl.  ^3/ina,  q.  v.  Ib.b  ^3Ta  Ms.  M.  (ed.  nrbama). 

&02]D,  r03JI3  m.  fist)  seller.  Targ.  Is.  XXIV,  2 
(some  ed.  X3537a).— Y.  B.  Mets.  V,  beg.  10a  'ab  Tl  -pTa  -inii 
if  prices  rise  above  that,  woe  to  the  seller  (on  time). 
Esth.  R.  to  III,  6  mjajab  ni?  ill  (not  WfiV)  woe  to  him 
who  sells  it  (the  king's  purple).  Pesik.  R.  s.21,  v.  WOT  II. 

&02£|£l,  '5?^P  same-  TarS-  Ez.VII,  12,  sq.  (ed. 
Wil.  'niTa).  'Targ.  II  Esth.  Ill,  11 ;  a.  e. 

AVD  (denom.  of  Ma;  b.  h.  T^a)  to  mix  icine  icith  xcater, 
spices  &c. ;  to  temper;  in  gen.  to  fill  the  cups,  to  offer  drink. 
Ab.  Zar.  58b  (to  one  who  used  136a)  13Ta  xaiNI  why  do 
you  not  say  m'zago?  Ib.  1*0$  WTOttJ  **"•  wine  which  a 
gentile  mixed  for  drinking.  Ib.  59a  '31  D"n33  IflTa"!  Hlan 
wine  which  gentiles  mixed  and  Jews  drank.  Pes.  X,  2 
'31  D13  lb  13Ta  they  (the  attendants)  offer  him  the  first 
cup  &c.  Num.  R.  s.  1  (ref.  to  Cant. VII,  3)  ..Mia  KWB  "a 
'31  Mia  .  .  (not  aiTa)  he  who  mixes  wine  properly,  mixes 
one  third  wine  with  two  thirds  water;  Tanh.  B'midb.  4. 





Pes.  VII,  13  VivA  to  serve  the  wine;  a. fr. — Part. pass,  a*i*a 
a)  mured  (wine),  opp.  "Tt.  lb.  108b.  Neg.  I,  2  lVi'3  'an  f*0 
the  color  of  red  wine  mixed  with  snow,  v.  TlPB.  Nidd. 
II,  6  '~2  like  mixed  wine;  expl.  ib.  7  '21  BhpSTI  "TO  two 
thirds  water  &c,  v.  supra;  Sabb.  75a;  a.  fr. — b)  combined. 
Num.  K.  s.  2,  beg.  paWa..n'ia,lpa  rVO  in  eighteen  biblical 
passages  are  Moses  and  Aaron  combined  (the  predicate 
being  in  the  singular  number  as  if  they  were  one  person). 

Nif.  3TO3  to  be  mixed.  Y.  Ab.  Zar.V,  45a  bot.  ;2  ':  '-£X 
'2'  'Z~'S  even  if  the  quantity  finally  added  to  produce  the 
required  proportion  was  a  permitted  substance;  Y.  Orl. 
II,  62 b  bot. 

Pi.  art  to  clarify,  make  clear.  Cant.  B.  to  VII,  4  (play 
on  art,  ib.)  the  Sanhedrin  '21  Maa  XlSlUJ  which  makes  the 
law  clear  for  her  (the  congregation). 

1V2  ch.  same.  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XXX,  33  (h.  text  HpT). 
Targ.  Prov.  IX,  2.  Targ.  II  Esth.  I,  8 ;  a.  fr.— B.  Mets.  60a 
';■  ITO39CJ  rfiTa  he  mixed  it,  (and)  when  he  tasted  it  &c. 
rub.54a  '=*,  n-?  S"Hb  Kp'1..rVTCHPM  he  found  his  servant 
hen  he  was  about  to  mix  the  wine  for  him;  St:x  i-pa'a"1^ 
will  mix  it  myself;  Ned.  55a.  Lam.  E.  to  I,  1  •*&"!  ("in 
'rN-6)(in  an  enigma)  ""Si"?  "pin  two  give  drink(the  breasts). 
Ex.  E.  s.  45  '21  "patO  "pDK  "pin  two  angry  faces  putting 
hot  water  into  the  drink !,  i.  e.  one  adding  to  the  other's 
wrath,  instead  of  placating;  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  XXV,  4 
■-"-  'ptttta  (corr.  ace;  cmp.  Deut.  R.  s.  3).  [Lev.E.s.28, 
end  ITWO,  v.  -;x.]  Gen.  E.  s.  63  (read:]  ,\»l'>Lt\i  ntQ,  and 
tempered  the  bath  before  them  (v.  KSi);  a  e.— Part.  pass. 
;-•':.  X"rt.  Yoma  81b  TOX  "«a  'a  Ar.  (ed.  Vita)  did  I  say, 
'tempered'  (vinegar)? 

Pa.  V*Q  same.   Targ.  Is.  LXV,  11. 

Af.  a"rtx  same,  esp.  to  mix  drugs.  Part.  VTVfb  apoth- 
ecary. Targ.Y.  Ex.  XXX,  25  [read:]  *V  XiV  xa£2;  ib.35 
(h.  text  r-"-i). 

ATZj  ^-W)  -J  pr.  n.  M'zag  (Mizgag),  eponymous  hero 
of  a  tribe  answering  to  Mazices,  Mazyes  (Maxyes)  in 
Northern  Africa  (v.  Sm.  Greek  a.  Eoman  Geogr.  s.  v. 
Mauretania).  Targ.Y. Gen.  X,7  ;  Targ.  I  Chr.  1,9  (ed.  Lag. 
Sa»B);  ib.  32  (h.  text  pH). 

A}U  m.  (b.  h.;  M5T,  cmp.  TOO  fr.  "Ha)  [clearing,  refin- 
ing; fr.  which  57*3  to  clear  (dark)  wine  by  dilution  &c.,] 
1)  mixture.  Sifra  Vayikra,  N'dab.,  Par.  5,  ch.VII  'an  XP 
not  in  a  mixture  of  water  and  wine.  Nidd.  II,  7  (19a)  'a2l 
Y.  a.  Bab.  ed.  (Mish.  aiTas),  v.  Staj  Y.  ib.  II,  50b  top  'asi 

jpTOB   rt»ha  Sift X2X  (not^atani)  'and  like  mixed 

wine',  says  Abba  .  .  .,  like  a  cup  filled  with  mixed  wine, 
seen  from  without  (through  the  glass).  Bab.  ib.  20a  VT1 
'a  -  except  the  discharge  which  has  the  color  of  a  mix- 
ture of  one  third  wine  &c. ;  a.  e. — 2)  temperament,  dis- 
position. Gen.  E.  s.  28  ;i .  .  .  .  feta  (not  irm)  the  king's 
disposition  is  bad  (he  is  illiberal). 

w?^:  -  I,  }  U,  £SJ  V2  ch.  same,  mixed  wine,  drink. 
Targ.  Prov.  XXIII,  30'arvd  drinking  house  (h.text~Oaa).- 
Ned.55a'2-  Tffi'ia  -"in  this  prepared  wine  tastes  like  that 
prepared  by  &c;  Erub.54a'21  X3"rt  *XH  VX  B.Mets.60a'a 
ST  STa  TH  wine  which  I  mixed  is  easily  distinguished 

!  (because  I  make  it  very  weak).— Trnsf.  Naban  'a  the 
banquet  of  the  world,  the  needs  of  life.  Cant.  E.  to  VII, 
4;  [Matt.  K. :  X5rt  the  butler  of  the  world  (the  Lord)].— 
PI  "J'2,  v.  next  w. 

M5)I2  II  or  S5)2  I  m.  (cmp.  KTTOR)  crystal,  glass. 
Yoma  35 b  'an  Klarb  as  the  wine  shines  through  a  glass 
cup  (be  it  ever  so  thick). — PI.  ^ata  or  ^sna.  B.  Bath.  73b 
Knam'a  "nn(Bashb.  tO,  v.  Eabb.D.S.  a.  1.  note  300)  two 
cups  of  wine.   [Y.  Nidd.  II,  50b  top  '21  SOX  "Waal,  v.  ata.] 

5SiJ|U  II  pr.n.  pi. 3fa2ya.  Gen.  E.s.34,  end;  Yalk.Gen, 
61  'art...  ',n  rt  where  are  you  from?  Said  they,  from 
Mazga.  Ib.  '21  'a  rt  D^M  SOX  I  am  a  scholar  from  M., 
and  it  contains  no  more  than  two  stands  (for  students). 

&W5D  m.,  v.  KSta. 

t:    t  »»  • 

5tf  3 V2  {.,  tfTVZ'n  12  (a;a)  Wine-Mixer,  name  of  an  un- 

t:    t  t    :  -  v  -  . 

clean  bird ;  'n  'a  to  Little  Wine-Mixer,  name  of  a  clean 
bird.   Hull.  62b,  sq. 

JSJE,  v.  ara. 

^T]}12  m.  (an;)  seed.  Targ.  Y.  Gen.IV,  3,  v.  S^iII. 

HlD  I  (b.  h.)  =  ttj  rtft  what  is  this?  Tanh.  Sh'moth 
23  (ref.  to  Ex.  IV,  2)  '21  fift  3VO  ilrt  -JTO  'a  'what  is 
this  in  thy  hand?'  It  may  be  read  mizzeh,  out  of  that 
which  is  in  thy  hand  thou  deservest  punishment. 

t  nU  II  m.  (!it:)  the  priest  appointed  to  do  the  sprink- 
ling (Num.  XIX,  Vl).  Tosef.  Par.  XU  (XI),  12.  — Trnsf. 
priest,  man  of  distinction.  Y.  Ber.  IV,  7d  top  'a  xiiTjj  rt 
'21  iTP  *o  "p  let  him  sprinkle  (occupy  the  office)  who  is 
a  sprinkler,  son  of  a  sprinkler  (a  scholar  of  scholarly  an- 
cestrj-);  dare  he  who  is  neither  himself  a  sprinkler  .... 
say  to  him  who  is  . . . .,  Thy  water  is  plain  cave  water, 
and  thy  ashes  mere  ashes  from  the  stove  (thy  decisions 
are  of  no  legal  value)?;  Y.  Taan.  IV,  67d;  Ber.  28a;  cmp. 

TO  =  It  ha  what  is  this?  why  is  this?  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  Ill, 
43b;  ib.  IV,  44b  top. 

HMte,  v.  mm*. 

T  T    :  :  t  t  :  -    : 

WlTS  m.  (art)  wine-mixer,  butler.  Targ.Y.  Gen.  XL, 
5;  a.e.  — Y.  Sabb.  I,  3a  hot.— PI.  X-lirt.  Targ.Y.  Gen. 
XL,  1 ;  a.  e. 

71  \'\]72  or  I  l~"^2  f.  (v.  nil)  travelling  bag  contain- 
ing provision  &c.  Kel.  XX,  1  Mish.  ed.  (Talm.  ed.  ITrvra, 
Willi,  corr.  ace;  ed.  Dehr.  rrnTT3,'Var.  in  Maim.  Jllia). 

ri|?J)C  f.  (b.  h. ;  rff=im ;  cmp.  Xllp  [coupling,  set,]  door- 
frame, esp.  door-post.  Kidd.  22lj  (ref.  to  Ex.  XXI,  6)  PiVl 
'21  "HTJ  l^ilia  'ai  door  and  post  were  my  witnesses  in  Egypt 
(ib.  XII,  23)  when  I  passed  . . .  and  said,  my  servants  are 
the  sons  of  Israel  and  not  servants  of  servants  &c.   Ib. 




'31  lOtW  'a  na  as  m'zwzaA  is  used  only  of  what  is  in  a 
standing  position,  so  is  here  deleth  meant  of  the  door  in 
its  position.  Men.  34a  WlK  'ab  where  there  is  only  one 
door-post;  a. e.— PL nillia.  Mekh.Bo.s.  11 ;  a.e.— Esp.  m'za- 
zah  (Deut.  VI,  9 ;  XI,  20)  the  inscription  on  the  door-pout 
(a  slip  of  parchment  containing  Deut.  VI,  4—9,  a.  XI, 
13—21).  Pes.  4a  '21  Tin  rain  'a  to  fasten  the  m.  at  the 
door  is  the  tenant's  duty  (not  the  owner's).  Men.  44a 
'an  "ja  -liBB  requires  no  m.  lb.  innsa  'a  lb  "pNIU  \o  he 
who  has  no  m.  at  his  door.  lb.  34a  nnx  'aa  a^n  is  bound 
to  have  one  m.  at  the  door;  a.  v.  fr.— Y.  Meg.  IV,  75c  bot. 
S  btiJ  iW^hd  n^a  the  case  of  the  m.  in  the  house  of  Rabbi. 
— Yoma  11'  *TTP  htWO  the  m.  in  a  private  house. — PL  as 
ab.  Men.  1.  c.  *a  inira  a^Tl  must  have  two  door-post  in- 
scriptions ;  Yoma  1.  c. ;  a.  fr. 

^rin?Q  ch.  same,  door-post;  door-post  inscription. 
Targ.  Ps.  CXXI,  5  '3V'a  bbaa  *,a  ed.  Lag.  (missing  in  oth. 
ed.)  for  the  sake  of  the  ni'zuzah  &c.  Targ.Y.  Deut.  XX, 
5 ;  a.  e. — Men.  33a  'a  *b  sap  fasten  the  m'zuzah  for  me. — 
Ab.  Zar.  1  la  '31  'a  Xtn  saw  the  inscription  at  tbe  entrance ; 
a.  e.—PL  WJWW,  pJWRJ,  ftWtB.  Targ.  Lam.  11,9  (h.  text 
'n-'-Q).  Targ! Deut.  VI, 9;  a.e.— [Targ.  I  Sam.  I,  9  "nwo  }», 
missing  in  ed.  Lag.] 

arrDira,  aroto  *  **&**  q.  v. 

t     •  :  t  t         :  T  !        • 

jlTD  m.  (b.  h. ;  "IT) /bod,  sustenance ;  meaZ;  alimentation. 
Erub.III,  1  '31  'an  "ja  "ilisn  he  who  vows  abstinence  from 
mazon  (nourishment)  is  permitted  to  partake  of  water 
and  salt.  lb.  30s;  Ber.  35b  '31  'a  ilpi&t  abl  Kin  nbai  tra 
only  water  and  salt  are  not  called  mazon,  but  all  other 
food  is  included  in  mazon;  Gen.R.  s.94,  beg.  Eiub.  VIII,2 
nniSO  '3  'a  food  for  two  meals.  Ber.  VIII,  8  'an  inxb 
for  the  after-meal  (dessert).  lb.  'an  bs  "paa  he  says  the 
grace  after  meal.  lb.  5  '21  'ai  13  the  benediction  for  the 
light,  then  for  the  meal,  then  for  the  spices  &c;  Pes.  103a. 
—'an  roia,  v.  ^a.— Ber.  VI,  8  isiTa  aim  and  this  was 
his  meal.— Y.  Yeb.  XV,  14d  bot.  nisahl  ftVHft  "a  the  ali- 
mentation of  wife  and  daughters  (after  a  man's  death). 
lb.  VII,  8a  bot.  'j'f+tima  ni;an  'a  the  obligation  to  support 
the  daughters  from  a  man's  estate  is  a  Rabbinical  enact- 
ment; a.  fr.  —  PL  ni:iTa.  Ber.  35b  'a  ^na  SOia  (abbrev. 
a"aa)  (Blessed  be  he)  who  created  various  kinds  of  food. 
Keth.  IV,  6  ma  'aa  a^n  bound  to  support  his  daughter. 
lb.  XI,  2  'a  n?  "pX  she  cannot  claim  alimentation.  lb.  3 
"ini2a  'ab  I  have  sold  (a  portion  of  my  widowhood)  for 

my  support.  lb.  xii,  2  'a  iai 'a  nb  wia  bsan  her 

husband  supports  her,  and  they  (the  heirs)  must  give  her 
the  equivalent  of  her  support;  a.  fr. 

"jijQ,  fcO"ftQ  ch.  same.  Targ.  0.  a.  Y.  I  Deut.  XXIV,  6. 
Targ.  Y.  I  Gen.  Ill,  18;  a.  fr.  — Ber.  44a,  v.  BOW  I.  —  PL 
•p:STa,  Hj%a.  Y.  B.  Bath.  IX,  beg.  16d  'a  nb  mbshe  cannot 
claim  alimentation.  Keth.  65a  'a  ib  plOB  decree  aliment- 
ation to  be  given  me  (by  my  husband's  heirs).  Bets.  16a 
Kin  'ai  wert  pn  i^Tfl  that  this  hok  (Ps.  LXXXI,  5) 
means  sustenance;  a.  e. 

PirmjE,  v.  sniJt. 

SrpJITE,  HITO"^  f.(  support,  com  fort. 
Gen.  R.  s.  48  (ret  to  Gen.  XVIII,  5)  N3bl  'a  SffB  bread 
is  the  comfort  of  the  heart;  Yalk.  Gen.  82;  Yalk.  Jud.  75 
xnwa  (corr.  ace). 

NDljE  m.(S]r:)  creditor.  Targ.Ps.CIX,  11  (Ms.NS/na). 

fctTpSfi'TQ  I  f.  (preced.)  loan ;  'a  "Hfl  creditor.  Targ. 
Ps.  LXV1, 12."  Targ.Y.  Deut.  XV,  2  (ed.  Amsterd.  Nnsiia). 

SrPDTO,  NrPSilH  II  f.  (qti)  threatening,  rebuke, 
wrath.  Targ.  0.  Deut.' XXVIII,  20  'a  ed.  Berl.  (oth.  ed.  a. 
Y.  'a,  'a).   Targ.  Ps.  XVIII,  9.   Targ.  Is.  XXX,  17 ;  a.  fr. 

fctHDiTQ,  v.  Krpsma  I. 

""1"15Q  m.  (b.  h.;  Ill  or  Tit)  compress.  Y.  Sabb.  II,  5a 
top  'a  nxiDSU)  "raa  Kb. .  .'a  njXlES  if  he  had  made  a  compress 
out  of  it,  it  would  have  been  clean;  now  that  he  soaked 
it  in  oil,  is  it  not  the  same  as  if  he  had  made  it  a  com- 

i  \~T\)12  m.  ch.  (v.  preced.)  an  implement  for  mashing 
olivesT&c.  Y.  Sabb.  XVII,  16b  top;  Y.  Bets.  I,  60c,  v.  KT*t, 
—PL  "nita.  Sabb.  123a. 

TTW2,  Kei.  xx,  i,  v.  mita. 

9  /J  tt :    * 

)TD,  TTQ,  v.  lata,  lata. 

"^<n^^  f-  &$)  (fitter,  spout.  B.  Bath.  II,  5  fp"WW 
'31  'an  ",a  .  . .  you  must  build  your  wall  at  a  distance  of 
four  cubits  from  your  neighbor's  spout,  so  that  he  can 
put  up  a  ladder  (to  repair  it).  lb.  22b  TOSHUa  'a  an  in- 
clined spout  (under  which  people  can  pass).  lb.  59a  'a 
■pa  bll)  a  spout  made  of  masonry. '  Tosef.  Toh.  IX,  15  'an 
'31  hPVflD  nn^nia  a  spout  which  an  unclean  person  broke 
apart  while  it  was  receiving  and  discharging  liquids; 
a.  fr. 

"'TQ  pr.  n.  pi.  Mazi,  near  Tyre  (v.  Hildesh.  Beitr.,  p.  27, 
note  192).  Y.  Dem.  II,  22(1  top ;  Tosef.  Shebi.  IV,  7  ywta 
ed.  Zuck.  (Var.  f^tq,  b^ta). 

#yi2,  Wl]T2,  fcOpQ  m.  collect,  noun  (XT,  cmp.  Ktia; 
Syr.  pi.  Kta,  pT.Sm.  2064)  Vtair.  Targ.Y.  Deut.  XXI,  12.— 
Naz.  39a  '31  'a  Tan  (Rashi  WO'a)  does  hair  grow  from 
beneath  or  from  above?— Meg.  18a  n^taa  "jsna  nin  was 
busying  himself  with  his  hair;  R.  Hash.  26b  Ms.  M.  (ed. 

ninsira).  Ned.  50a.  Snh.  noa  top  n^tab  nnnno  she 
loosened  her  hair.  lb.  to^nab  ftfy  V**}  he  cut  your  hair 
off  (shaved  you  all  over).  Yeb.ll6b  Tpta  "nnD  loosen  thy 
hair.  Ab.  Zar.  75a  'a"l  (filters  made)  of  human  hair. — 
[Targ.  Is.  Ill,  20  iOOa  tablp  ("jablp  ed. Lag. ),  Var.  UO DaDa^p, 
btHbata  blp,  Ar.  'atabp,  read:  N^a  ^CiaJlp  hair-pins  (h. 
text  EnittJp;  LXX  ifxirXoxiov;  cmp.  LXX  Ex.  XXXV, 22.] 


t   •    :  'i  ■ 

n^jQ  I  pr.  n.  pi.,  v.  nnsa. 

n^"1^  II  f.  (ata)  mixing  the  wine,  offering  drink. 




Sabb.  VIII,  1  0l3n  rA5/*ia  "''is  as  much  wine  as  is  required 
for  a  cup  (of  benediction)  to  be  mixed  with  water.  Keth. 
61a  VQtl  '3  offering  the  wine  cup  (by  the  wife).  Tosef. 
Sot.  I,  2  Oirn  'a  ">13  as  much  time  as  is  required  for  pre- 
paring a  cup  of  wine;  Y.  ib.  1, 16c  bot.;  Bab.  ib.  4a;  a.  fr. 


Nn"2,  v.  vefta. 

E*j  v.  ■'jo. 

~"~'Y2  ($11)  frightening  demons.  Targ.  Y.  Num. 
VI,  24.' 

DVQ'TD,  Yalk.  Prov.  935,  v.  Jpffn. 

'  t  :    • 

p"2  m.  (pj:)  one  ?dio  does  damage,  destroys,  wastes. 
Yoma80b,  sq.  'Xii  BIS  ;3S<-  "O  'if  he  eats'  (Lev.  XXII,  14) 
which  excludes  him  who  wastes  (by  eating  excessively). — 
In  gen.  'a(n)  the  offender  that  occasioned  damage,  opp. 
pr:  the  injured  claimant.  B.  Kam.I,  2;  a.  fr.— PI.  D^ra, 
nr*Q.  Ib.  Ill,  11,  v.  pT3.  —  Gen.  B.  s.  54  ITVq  TJ-ffg  the 
annoyances  of  one's  house  (flies  &c). — Esp.  demons.  Ber. 
3a,  sq.  '3n  ">3Ea  on  account  of  the  demons  (dwelling  in 
ruins).  Num.  R.  s.  12,  beg.;  a.  fr. 

p  1*2,  wNp  -j2  ch.  same,  esp.  demon.  Targ.  Cant.  VIII, 
3.— Kidd.  29l^"'-2in  .  .  .  'a  Xinn  mn  there  was  a  demon 
dwelling  in  Abbayi's  school  house. — PI.  X^p"1*^,  "pjahjc, 
-p-fr.  Targ.  Job  V,  7.  Targ.  Ps.  LXXXIX^  33  (ed.  Lag. 
'tia);  a.  e.— Hull.  105b  'a  TTOWl  tflWH  because  demons 
frequent  there ;  a.  e. 

Itf  ?P"J2  f.  (v.  xp^t  H)  irrigating  channel  (h.  nssn). 
Targ.  I  Kings  XVIII,  32;  35  (ed.  Wil.  Xn£  .  . .  ).  Targ. 
H  Kings  XVIII,  17 ;  Targ.  Is.  VU,  3. 

apTft],  v.  M^ija. 

2l2  m.  (b.h.  ;?T3,cmp.  Arab.  wa«2i^hospitium)[sf afion 
o/  £Ae  stars,]  constellation  of  the  Zodiac;  in  gen.  planet. 
Gen.  E.  s.  10  '31  131?n  laiatt)  'a  Br  there  is  a  planet  that 
finishes  its  circuit  in  thirty  days  .  .,  in  twelve  months  &c. 
Ib.  '31  '-2  .  . .  rYlVra  S"1'  TDbna  n513  the  Venus  passes  the 
twelve  constellations  in  ten  months,  requiring  for  each 
station  twenty  five  days;  a.  fr. — PI.  rtWO.  Ib.  Ber.  32b 
'31  'a  "ICS  f^ffi  I  have  created  twelve  stations  in  the 
heavens,  and  for  each  station  I  have  appointed  thirty 
legions  (of  stars),  v.  SOOCa.  Tosef.  ib.  VII  (VI),  6  .  .  nxiin 
["f  ~cr]  'an  rxi  he  who  sees  the  sun,  the  moon  and  the 
stars  and  planets  in  their  original  position  (at  the  end 
of  a  lunisolar  period).  Sabb.  75a  '31  rMftlptl  SlWtl  the  cal- 
culation of  periods  and  constellations.  Gen.  B.s.  25;  Y.  Pes. 
1, 27 b  top 'SI 'an  Iffiao  X?  the  planets  did  no  service  during 
the  year  of  the  flood ;'ai  tSKXSP&  T3.1S  (abbrev.  C"l3r) 
idolater,  v.  ~cr,  a.  i~nl33\ — Trnsf.  (astrology)  constellation 
at  one's  birth,  planet,  destiny;  guardian  angel,  angel  of 
destiny.  Gen.  B.  s.  10  -1  'a  15  f»6WJ  ....  3T3?  jib  "p  "f^ 
there  is  not  an  herb  which  has  not  a  planet  in  heaven 
that  strikes  it  and  says,  Growl  — Sabb.  156a  D'P  ?$a  XP 

'31  nsUJ  'a  bill  not  the  day's  planet,  but  the  constellation 
of  the  hour  (of  birth)  has  influence.  Ib.  '31  B^sna  *a  the 
planet  (of  birth)  makes  wise,  rich  &c.  Ib.  bxiHT?  'a  "pX 
Israel  is  not  dependent  on  nativity;  a.  v.  fr. 

m  * 

>l2)  ff*>i2  ch.  1)  same,  planet,  constellation;  luck. 
Targ.  Y.  Num.  XXXIII,  45  'a  ro  (h.  text  na).  Targ.  Y. 
I  Gen.  XXX,  11.  Targ.  Koh.  IX,  3  XBTV  'a  bad  luck;  a.  fr.— 
Sabb.  53b,  a.  fr.  'a  tvb  I"PiO  BIX  man  has  a  guardian  angel 
(chance  of  recovery  from  a  disease  fatal  to  beasts).  Taan. 
29b  frt*9  y*l  his  luck  is  shaky  (bad),  opp.  tvfatQ  8013. 
Koh.  B.  to  VII,  15,  a.  e.  'a  sneip,  v.  3>BB;  a.  v.  fr.  —  PI. 
X"*5$a,  xrtta.  Targ.Y.  Num.  VH,  84.  — Targ.  Is.  XLVII, 
13  TOW  (constr.;  ed.  Ven.  I  nibja  h.  form).— Targ.  Koh. 
VII,  15.  Ib.  IX,  2;—  Sabb.l46a  lin  Wrt*q  pH^jJO) 
their  guardian  angels  were  present  (at  the  giving  of  the 
Law).— 2)  (Ms.  X5ta)  fortune,  possession.  Targ.  Ps.  CXII,  3. 
Targ.  Prov.  VUI,  18  (ed.  Lag.  X'VJtB,  pi.);  a.  e.,  v.  xb"iia. 

3k     ] 

N~l2>  pi.  X">*5*a  m.  (?t3)  running  motion.   Pes.  40a 

'31  W»ift  3.3.X  ?3T  Ar.  (ed.  in^'sna;  Ms.  M.  HTHflR;  Ms. 
M.  2  a.  Ms.  O.  in-w^Pa;  v.  Babb.  D.S.  a.l.  note)  as  long  as 
the  liquids  are  in  motion  (boiling),  they  do  not  create  fer- 
mentation; v.  X2T3. 

&OJ2,  v.  m&b  2. 

t:  ■"  - 

J5J2  or  A  >}2  m.(b.  h.;  art)  [dripper,]  fork  for  taking 
meat  out  of  the  caldron.  Kel.  XIII,  2  £*1  ''-"3  (not  f&on) 
if  the  forked  head  of  the  soup-ladle  is  broken  off,  v. 
yhBO^ail ;  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Mets.  Ill,  6.— Sabb.  XVII,  2  (122b), 
v.  ta'~a. 

fctm"TQ,  Targ.Y.  II  Ex.  XIV,  25,  v.  BtrtWJ. 

"i"—  12J2  m.  pi.  (='Btata,  transpos.  of  mat,  v.  *T**Bls 
cmp.  S»W  for  asttS ;  as  to  Bt  for  tt  cmp.  X^C*?,  X^BtltS) 
music,  siceet  melodies.  Targ.  Job  XXXVI,  11  (Ms.  X^^02; 
h.  text  Diaisa).  —  Hebr.  constr.  iBiata.  Hag.  I4b  *(nn  'a 
M?31  the  musical  entertainments  at  a  wedding  (Y.  ib.  II, 
77a  bot.  -jp.n  twb  ftfWP  ~r"-  "-33). 

"112)2  m.  (b.  h.;  "iat)  soh#,  ^saJm.  Lev.  B.  s.  10  'an 
'31  Bnx  htn  this  psalm  (Ps.  XCH)  was  composed  by  Adam. 
Midr.Till.  toPs.  IV;  a.  fr.— PI.  niniata,  Cniata,  "plat  a. 
Y.  Ber.  IV,  7d  bot.;  Y.  Taan.  II,  65c  top  '31  '3  ir*  1333 
corresponding  to  the  eighteen  psalms  &c.  Y.  Sabb.  XVI, 
15c;  Treat.  Sof'rim  ch.  XVI,  11  'a  .  .  .  nxa  one  hundred 
and  forty  seven  psalms  (Pss.  I  and  II,  IX  and  X,  XLII 
and  XLIII  forming  severally  one  psalm).  Lev.B.  s.4  nX3 
'31  lax  'a  Cflffil  (notQ^llUSl)  one  hundred  and  two  psalms 
had  David  composed  (up  to  Ps.  CIV,  counting  Ps.  I  and 
II,  Ps.  XLH  and  XLIII  severally  one  psalm,  v.  Ber.  9b 
bot.,  a.  Var.  in  Ms.  M.  in  Babb.  D.  S.  a.  1.,  a.  Yalk.  Ps. 
862);  a.  fr. 

5$"112J2  ch.  same.  Lev.B.  s.  34  'a"!  X3^3S  nVl31  and 
the  entire' contents  of  the  psalm  (CIX). — P/."p*llata.  Koh. 
E.  to  VII,  8  '31  '3  "piax  T&W  the  ones  recited  psalms, 
the  others  alphabetic  acrostics;  Buth. B.  to  III,  13;  Yalk. 
Koh.  974  IBPWBU. 




TDV2  (Pilp.  of  Wo)  to  soften. 

Nikpalp.  WJ?rq  to  be  softened.  Hull.  45b  blOfi  dadatt) 
11133 '3  if  the  spinal  cord  is  a  pulpy  mass,  the  animal  is  unfit, 
if  merely  softened, it  is  fit  for  food  (Kasher).  Tosef.ib.  111,1 
nma  ntaTanSli:  an  animal  whose  brain  is  softened ;  quot- 
ed Hull. he.  '31  T3Tan3U3  Fiona,  and  corrected  into  dadaro. 
lb.  (in  Chald.  diet.)  "pTl  tWRQ  '3  this  man's  brain  is 

V2y!2,  Ithpalp.V$vrw,rv3li2T}itch.s&me.  Targ.Y.IGen. 
\  XXllI,  4  ITTa'tansa  which  became  soft  (that  they  could 
not  bite).  Targ.  Job  XXVI,  5  •pTaTarra  softened  (decayed 
in  the  ground). 

"P2J2>  Targ.  Prov.  V,  19  some  ed.,  read:  'jpt. 

fcOHJQ  m.()v])  he  who  invites;  host.  Ned.24a  —  [KSJpro, 
pi.  obutar.  *Pf&!t  v-  W!  M 

&TOEJD,  v.  «^5  end. 

fc^HENQ  m.  pi.  (h.  rmWO ;  T01  I)  snuffers.  Targ.  I  Kings 
VII,  50 ;  a.  e. 

m\\2V2  m.  (denom.  of  *ftVQ ;  cmp.  fbl*  I ;  Hai  G. :  denom. 
of  )l)  'Bh  "wan  a  jpZate  urcift  mowy  partitions  (each  of 
which,  if  separated,  may  be  a  receptacle).  Kel.XVI,  1. 

^BXD  tlfliy  loan.  Targ. Y.  Deut.  XXIII,  20.  lb. XXIV, 
10  ttrtTB  (some  ed.  'io). 

fctrSPlfTQ  f-fapt)  brushing  up  an  animal's  hair  to  give 
it  a  delusive  appearance  of  fatness.  B.  Mets.  60,J  (expl. 


™)$I3  (sec.  r.  of  *»,  151)  /o  ^isf  yarn.  Sot.  VI,  1  IS 
n3333  niina  . . .  IXttPTU  until  the  women  twisting  yarn  by 
moonshine  talk  of  her;  ib.6b.  Y.  ib.VI.beg.  20d  'jftW  £« 
'31  rYWna ....  n^X  rtfHtfia  we  read  mots'roth,  some  read 
moz'roth;  he  who  reads  mots'roth  ia2>  "jisa  means  'they 
twist  wool';  he  who  reads  moz'roth  means,  'they  spin  flax 
yarn',  v.  **$.— {PHWO,  t&iVKt,  v.  lit.] 

Pi.  ita  to  weave  over,  cover  with  a  web.  Gen.  R.s.  10 

(ref.  to  niija,  Job  xxxvni,  32)  mirim  n«  'njaatt  ifoh  bta 

it  is  the  planet  that  covers  the  fruits  with  webs  (cmp. 


n™llD  m.  (b.  h.;  nit)  winnowing  fan.  Kel.  XIII,  7; 
T'bul  Yom  IV,  6.  TosefcKel.  B.  Bath.  VII, 3.  SifraB'huck. 
Par.  2,  eh.  VI;  a.  e. 

rfFl^2  f.  pi.  (b.  h.)  mazzaroth,  name  of  a  constellation 
of  stars.   Gen.  R.  s.  10,  v.  1T& 

n"l|Q  m.  (b.h.;  nit)  swnme,.Eas<.  Men.ll0a"WJlpa 
'Q  '•fe  from  Carthagene  eastward.  Tam.  I,  3  'an  "pi 
in  an  eastern  direction.  lb.  4  11533  3113  inita?  east  of  the 
bridge.  Ib.  II,  4  nnita  facing  east,  lb.  Ill,  2 ;  Yoma  III,  1 
'an  33  i3B,  v.  IlKl.  — Sabb.  156b  (Chald.  diet.)  Waplai 
•SO  n^3  and  I  will  place  it  in  the  eastern  horizon;  a.  fr. 

.   ^nnjQ  m.  (preced.)  eastern.  Tam.VI,  1  'an  the  eastern- 
most light  on  the  candle-stick;  a.  fr. — PI.  BfsrtWtt.    lb. 

'a  tiro  i31!3  (Talm.  ed.d^dlSJO)  the  two  easternmost  lights. 
Gen.  R.  s.  43,  beg.  'a  3U3  33?  the  heart  of  the  eastern 
kings  (Gen.  XIV,  1);  Yalk.  Is.  311  d^mta  (corr.  ace.).— 
Fern,  tttrm.  Tarn.  IV,  1  n'yiBX  'a  )*p  the  north-eastern 
corner  of  the  altar.  Zeb.V,  3;  a.  ir.—Pl.  ni*nita.  Tam. 
Ill,  9  (Talm.  ed.  rvmta,  Var.  n"012>a);  a.  e. 

D"Hn2  m.  pi.  Mzarim,  name  of  a  constellation  of 
stars  (those  scattering  the  clouds,  v.  nit).  Targ.  Job 
XXXVII,  9. 

|"H)Dj  v.  next  w. 

"pfQ,  "PT^  m-  C^V?)  9^1,  siraP  °f  cloth  whuh  M 
wound  over  Ave  bed  to  keep  the  covering  in  position, 
Maim.;  [Hai  G.  a.  Ar.:  (fr.  ita  to  spread  under)  a  sort  of 
carpet  under  the  mattress;  v.,  however,  Tosef.  quot.  bel.]. 
—  Kel.  XIX,  3  '31  XXl^n  'a  a  piece  of  the  girth  hanging 
from  the  bed.  lb.  'a  "TUB  remnants  of  a  torn  girth.  lb.  4 
'an  3251  ...  XWi  was  carried  (in  his  bed)  by  the  bed  and 
by  the  girth  (the  carriers  holding  the  ends  of  the  strap), 
lb.  5,  sq.;  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Mets.  IX,  6.  '31 13  "p3a  »inw  'a 
the  girth  which  one  ties  around  the  bed.  Ib.  "pita  ed. 
Zuck.  (corr.  ace). 

P""WQ  m.  (b.h. ;  p"ni)  the  boivl  out  of  which  the  sprink- 
ling is'  done.  Yoma  IV,  3  '31  '»3  33p  received  the  blood 
in  the  bowl.  Num.  R.  s.  13  ntt)3Vi  1533  'a  the  bowl  is 
typical  of  the  dry  land;  a.  v.  fr. 

p"TO,  K|5n?n,  ;~P;)D  ch.  1)  same.  Targ.  O.  Num. 
VII,  13  'ta  edLBerl.  (Mss.  'ta,  'i-ta;  Y.  Kp-p-ta,  pita);  a. 
fr.— PL  N*p1ta,  "yvn.  Targ.  O.  Ex.  XXVII,  3  'pl^-ta  ed. 
Berl.  (Y.'*Wn).  Targ.  Zech.  XIV,  20.— 2)  blood-vessel, 
jugular  vain.  — PI.  hpita,  "fa,  "v^a  the  neck  ivith  the 
jugular  veins.  Hull.  93b ;  Pes.  74b  *tm  Ib.  (used  as  a 
sing.)  '31  n^3nn  'a  -pi  (missing  in  Ms.  M.)  and  so  the 
neck-piece,  if  he  cut  it  &c. 

TT\)T2,  Tosef.  Men.  XI,  2,  read:  tiffoi 

Sna  I,  $RD  I,  v.-im  h.  a.  eh.- |>na,  Targ.  Is.  XIX, 
10,  Var/ed.  Lag.  ana,  read:  itna  her  water,  v.  iia.J 

fctTO  II  f.  OTiall)  stroke,  plague.  Targ.Ex.VHI,  15  — 
Constr.  nna,  nna,  pi.  *,na,  v.  MTTja. 

KTO  II  m.  (preced.)  whip.  Targ.  Nah.  Ill,  2. 

nSlHQ  f.  (nna)  protest  to  prevent  the  claim  of  un- 
disturbed possession  (v.  nptn).  B.  Bath.  38a,  a.  e.  K?W  'a 
'a  SOin  I^SSS  a  protest  (before  witnesses)  in  the  absence 
of  the  usurper  is  a  legal  protest  (prevents  the  claim  of 
undisturbed  possession  being  recognized).  Ib.b  "^al  *a"9\ 
'31  'a  what  is  a  legal  protest?  If  he  merely  says,  This 
man  is  a  robber,  it  is  not  a  legal  protest.  Ib.  39b,  sq.  'a 
'31  "pXI  diStt)  ^SSS  a  protest  is  valid,  if  made  in  the  presence 
of  two  witnesses,  nor  is  it  necessary  to  say,  Write;  i.  e. 
they  may  write  a  document  to  that  effect  without  being 
especially  authorized;  a.  fr. 

fcOriQ  I  m.  (b.  h. ;  son)  hiding  place  in  times  of  war 
&c.  Nidd.IV,  7.  Tosef.  Yeb.  XII,  4;  Yeb.  99a  'a3 . . .  113^ 
gave  birth  to  two  children  (each  to  one  child)  in  a  hiding 




place  (so  that  the  motherhood  of  each  child  could  not 
be  ascertained). 

NDnE  II,  (SlSriQ)  f.  (preced.)  a  rod  with  tvhich 
hidden  olives  are  knocked  down  (Maim.);  [the  working 
men  searching  after  the  hidden  olives  (other  comment.)]. 
Peah  VII,  2  'an  -|bni»a  (Bart.  KianaTl ;  Ms.  M.  -fbnniUa) 
from  the  time  the  mahdbe  is  gone;  Y.  ib.  20a  hot.  nsbn 
'an  (ed.  Ven.  SiV*l);  expl.  13"cn  ns  TWVV  (v.  ia"tt2) 
•when  he  lays  down  the  searching  rod  ;  v.  next  w. 

sinnam.,  ntfnnqi,  rptannM^Mnai. 

Keth.  27a'  nnx  nxiana  tW  ttP  EX  If  there  was  only  one 
hiding  place  (where  the  troops  did  not  enter) ;  Y.  Gitt. 

in,  45a  top  n^iana  air  ?vn  (read  nrvn).— Pi.  a-wiana, 
B^arta,  'piana  (b.  h.  a^ana).  y.  Keth.  n,  26d  air  m, 

'a  v.  supra.— Men.  63a  (play  on  ronajabfl  "Wfattffl*  SOnsO 
it  atones  for  the  hidden  (sinful)  thoughts  of  the  heart. — Y. 
Peah  VII,  20abot.  (expl.  1313  a.  rfO*0  as  a  substitute  for 

Nana  II)  'an  nx  -riaa  xinm  (not  i^iaa)  for  it  (the  rod) 
causes  the  hidden  olives  to  fall  off.  —  2)  =  Nana  II,  q.  v. 

*nSi3naiI,i»i.D'1SiDrrQ  m.  (homiletic  trans- 
pos.  of  *naa,  as  if  from  n35)  bursting  forth,  idle  talk.  Men. 
63a  (play  on  nana)  tiZti  ^anais  SW^n  it  atones  for  the 
outbursts  of  the  mouth,  Vfla?  na?a  ilDlHX  "i*iaxl3  (Ar.  ed. 
Koh.  s.  v.  nn2  :  Tlianaa  Kp,  prob.  to  be  read  WW33  naa  Xp) 
as  people  say  'he  blabs'.  [Our  w.  seems  to  be  a  corrupt, 
for  ''MSa,  formed  like  Waa,  fr.  naD.] 

S  ^  UnZQ  m.  (aan)  stick  for  beating  cumin  &c.  Targ. 
Is.  XXVIlf;  27. 

KESriD,  v.  arm 

T    :    :      -  t  :    :  - 

5iin?2  m.  (ban)  destroyer,  esp.  (=  nban  "j&tba)  mes- 
senger of  injury. — PI.  B">bana,  yfcana.  Num.  E.  s.  14.  Ib. 
s.  20;  a.  e. 

S^nD  ch.  same.  Targ.Y.  II  Ex.  IV,  25. 

SD5SI1/Q  m.  (preced.)  destroyer.  Targ.  Prov.  XVIII,  9 ; 
XXVIIl/24.  : 

XFi^SniZl  f.  (ban  Pa.)  travailing  woman.  Koh.  E.  to 
III,  2  '3*1  &«3lbaa  VNrn  'a  nb  fWB  )th»  she  is  called 
tn'habbalta  (v.  ban  1),  because  she  is  pledged  in  the  hands 
of  death  (with  ref.  to  Ex.  XXII.  25).    Gen.  E.  s.  60,  v. 

KtY^n  II. 

fOriD  f.  (b.  h.,  v.  tfWSrt)  pan.  Men.  V,  8  fa  'an 
FftiS  nV  the  mahdbath  has  no  lid ;  '31  nBS  'a  the  m.  is 
flat,  and  what  is  baked  in  it  is  a  thick  mass  (contrad.  to 
nirn-a);  Sifra  Vayikra,  N'dab.,  Par.  10,  ch.  XII;  Lev.E. 
s.  3;  a.  e. 

l-inD  m.  ("ttn)  the  rope  around  the  neck  of  the  animal 
tied  to  the  ivagon  (Hai  G.  a.  oth.) ;  [the  pin  fastening  the 
yoke  to  the  pole  to  prevent  the  wagon  from  vacillating 
(being  ISn),  Maim.].   Kel.  XIV,  4. 

IS  j5lJU  m.  (v.  preced.JilfAa^ra  (girdler(?)  or  the  lame 
one  (?)  j.  Yeb.  116a  surname  of  one  Anan  bar  Hiya  of  Ne- 

nnriD,  Targ.Y.  II  Num.  XXXIV,  6,  v.  Ktfria. 

mo,  v.  ina. 

T       T 

^lllE,  v.  anna. 

T  :       -  t    :  - 

•nllD  m.  (35n)  draining  figures  in  the  air,  gesture. 
Ber.  46b''aa  Trb  iina  he  talks  to  him  by  gestures.  Hag. 

5b  'ai  'aa  n^b  una  "»hb  2Hi  xbi  toaa  (differ,  in  Ms.  m.,  v. 

Eabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  should  a  man  who  knows  not  what 
they  indicate  to  him  in  gestures  hold  converse  in  signs 
before  the  King? 

SliriQ,  S]TO  f.  (Kin)  indication,  sign.  — PI. 
WW lyrp,  STJTBTD,  wn ftta.  Targ!Y.  Deut.  XXIX,  1.  Targ. 
JobX,  17.  '[Targ.  Y^Deut.  XXIX,  21,  read:  Kniina,  v. 

T-:  -  J 

SrVOTlnQ  f.  (preced.)  indication;  'a  la  the  officer 
of  a  community  who  indicates  the  boundaries  of  properties; 
topographical  engineer.  B.  Bath.  68a,  sq.  (Var.  in  Mss. 
'?ina,  'pina;  v.  Eabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  400). 

"ninno^nn.minn,  ficminn,  v.  ■«*  wi. 

■•-:         t  :  :  t:    —     :  -  t»     - 

SmiPlD,  v.  anna,  a.  arna. 

t    r  :     -  t  -.  -'  t  -:- 

>  iMaJ  m.(b.h.;  tin,  ttn,cmp.  tsu,evo:,  templum;  Assyr. 
mahaza  town,  Del.  Hebr.  Langu.  p.  62)  harbor,  market- 
place (cmp.  Ber.  57a  identifying  Ttt  with  Tina,  Ps.  CVII, 
30),  esp.  Mahoz,  prob.  a  coast  district.  Arakh.  Ill,  2; 
Tosef.  ib.  II,  8  xtina;  v.  nbin. 

I  T        T  t  - 

jShMjQ  ch.  same,  1)  harbor,  trading  place.  Targ.  Ps. 
CVIlI  30.  —  PI.  fTina.  Targ.Y.  I  Num.  XXXIV,  6  "MHO 
C^na)  its  harbors  (or  trading  places;  Y.  II  ilina,  ">1"ina, 
corr.  ace).  Targ.  Lam.  II,  19;  IV,  1  (h.  text  niSin).  Targ. 
O.  Num.  XXII,  39  ^nirina  mip  (h.  text  nisn)  his  city  of 
markets.  Targ.  Job  V,  10. — 2)  in  gen.  large  town  (="p3). 
Tam.  32b.  Sabb.  12a  'a  "ia  city  people,  opp.  XHibpn  "WJ. 
Ber.  37b,  opp.  itibpft.— PI.  ^tina.  B.  Bath.  73b.—  Esp.  pr. 
n.  pi.  Mahoza,  a)  a  district  in  Palestine,  v.  preced. — b)  Ma- 
hoza {M'huza),  a  large  Jewish  trading  town  on  the  Tigris. 
Targ.  Esth.  VIII,  15(?).— Ber.  59b.  Yoma  11*  Sabb.  95a; 
a.  v.  fr. 

ncSnllQ  m.  (preced.)  1)  belonging  to  harbors  or  trad- 
ing places.— PI.  "Wina.  Targ.  II  Esth.  VIII,  13.— 2)  of 
Mahoza,  v.  nxDtina. 

n]pHQ  m.  (preced.  wds.)  of  Mahoz.  Mekh.  B'shall.  s.  3 
Abba  Jose  'an  of  Mahoz. 

!SrP]nnQ  f.  ch.  a  woman  of  Mahoza.— PI.  KrWina. 
Kidd.T72b  'a  -ona  xnnx  aas^ab  Asheri  (ed.'a  xnnst  Eashi 
'aa  xnnx)  to  marry  one  of  those  Mahoza  women. 

nSDJIriQm.  (preced.)  of  Mahoza.  Erub.  57a;  Yalk. 





Num.  787.   Sabb.  87b;  B.  Kam.  72a.  Mace  18\  Gitt,  85''; 

Kidd.  6b  wwnrm.— V.  nxtin  n. 

"R  FlQ  m.  pi.  (tfin)  idolatrous  oracles.  Targ.  Hos.  Ill,  4 
(h.  text  t^Bin).  Cmp.  X11JTQ. 

"^tlD  m.  (nna)  1)  dissolved,  watery.  Y.  Naz.  VII, 
56b,  v.  bnia.  — Trnsf.  wasted  by  dissipation.  Esth.  R.  to 
II,  3.-2)  blotted  out.  Yeb.  24a  (ref.  to  Deut.  XXV,  6)  taifi 
'a  lattJUJ  D^DS  excluding  the  eunuch  whose  name  is  any- 
how blotted  out;  Y.  ib.  IV,  5C  top  'a  lOWtt)  nt  NS^  (not 
IdlU  )"<tiW).  Ib.  'a  lattJttJ  nx  he  whose  name  would  other- 
wise be  blotted  out.  V.  nna. 


v.  isin^a. 

^rS^TO  f.  pi.  =nxria,  protests.  B.  Bath.  39b  &HH 
i"iinabT/aTn^  (Ms.  R.  Dtrma,  Ms.  H.  nxna,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S. 
a.  1.  note  60)  had  need  to  deposit  a  protest. 

rpnEl  I  m.^inil)  laughter;  obscenity.  Sabb.64a  Ms. 
M.;  Yalk.  Num.  786,  v.  1ft1% 

?j1nQ  II,  ^DlriQ  m.  ch.  (v.  1$n  I)  gold  hooks  over 
the  female  bosom  (h.  rfltt).  Targ.  O.Ex.  XXXV,  22  (ed. 
Amst.^na);  Num.  XXXI,  50.— Sabb.  64a  'p'VDJMRffl  V*! 
'a  that  is  the  reason  why  the  Biblical  tal3  is  rendered  in 
the  Targum  with  mahokh  (obscenity,  v.  preced.),  v.  "IT1?. 
— PL  TWBTJJ,  K*3ina.  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  1.  c. ;  Targ.  Y.  I  Num. 
1.  c.  (not  WWTOj  Y.II  K*Sto»). 

5in?2  m.  (b.  h.;  bin)  [circle,]  1)  untitled  ground  sur- 
rounding the  vineyard  (between  the  vines  and  the  fence). 
Kil.  IV,  1,  sq.  d-DM  Vina;  Erub.  3b.  Y.  Kil.  IV,  29b  top  &6l 
"dp  d"i3b  'a  nor  does  the  law  concerning  the  planting  of 
the  mahol  apply  to  a  small  vineyard.  Ib.  'a  1?  tt5^  the  law 
does  apply  to  it.  Ib.  'ail  ba^D  (prob.  to  be  read  bad)  it 
has  no  more  the  nature  of  a  mahol.— 2)  chorus  of  singers 
and  dancers.  Taan.  31a  'a  nilUSb  to  arrange  a  chorus. 
Yalk.Is.  294,  v.  nVinil. 

'  T 

nblttE  f.  (b.  h.)  as  preced.  2.    Koh.  R.  to  I,  11,  v. 

njsin  h.—PL  rviVina.  Cant.  r.  to  vn,  1. 
Giro,  v.  wrm 

*S&1nQ  m.  Opn)  insult.  Targ.Y.  Gen.  XVI,  5  ^dina 
i*iSS  'WiBi  Ar.  (differ,  in  ed.). 

p"ini2,  PflQ  m.  (pna  2)  strike,  an  instrument  for 
levelling  a  measure  of  grain  &c.  Kel.  XVII,  16;  Tosef. 
ib.  B.  Mets.  VII,  9  '31  lintt)  'an  the  strike  which  has  a 
(secret)  receptacle  for  a  piece  of  metal  (to  increase  its 
pressure  fraudulently);  Koh.  R.  to  IX,  13  pnan.  B.  Bath. 
89b;  Yalk.  Lev.  618  '51  ttS>Vl  bltf  'an  "pttJW  f«  the  strike 
must  not  be  made  of  gourd,  because  it  is  too  light  &c. 
lb.  '31  IIS  'an  rx  fn»l»  p»  (Yalk.  1.  c.  IT1S  fern.)  you  must 
not  make  the  strike  thick  on  one  side  and  thin  on  the 
other;  a.  e.—Pl.  d^pina.  Y.  Yoma  I,  38c  bot.  Lev.  R.  s.  21 
Cp3  btt)  *,nipina  the  strikes  sent  with  the  measures  were 
of  silver. 

"1*1  PP2,  rPQ  m.  (lin)  white,  white  color.  Targ.  0.  Lev. 
XIII,  3,  sq.;  a.  e. 

"Hire,  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  I,  39c,  v.  T*)*ia. 

tlftro,  v.  wm^a. 

SniriQ  m.  (nni)  going  downfall— PI.  )'\*tl\U.  Targ. 
Y.  Deut.  XXVIII, 43.  [Mflna,  Targ.  Prov.  XX,  30  ed.  Lag, 

v.  xnna.] 

fcCntlQ,  v.  anna,  a.  fcttina. 

TT     :      -  t    l  -'  t  -:  - 

fcClTlire  f.  (preced.  art.)  1)  declivity.  Targ.  Is.  XV,  5  ; 
Targ.TJer.  XLVIII,  5  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  Wil.  n^nna).— 2)  alight- 
ing. Lam.  R.toll,  l  nwninas  nwpida  run  xbhis  mount- 
ing was  not  like  his  alighting;  his  mounting  was  gradual, 
his  coming  down  sudden;  Yalk.  Hos.  528  n^ninna. — PI. 

■j^wmo.  Koh.  r.  to  xii,  5  'a  -jan  rva  "ppba  ",an  nr«  are 

there  any  ascents  (on  the  road),  or  any  declivities?;  Lev. 

r.  s.  is  yvt$. 

srnna,  v.  ^na. 

tt  :     ■  • 

lifTO,  Slllre  m.  (ntn)  cycle.  Ber.  59b  n"3  b3 
'a  IWVl  "plU  Ms.  M.  (ed.  Iim)  every  twenty  eight  j-ears 
when  the  (solar)  cycle  begins  anew. — PI.  T'lUna.  Targ. 
Y.  I  Gen.  I,  14.— [In  later  Hebrew:  bYtt  lima  the  solar 
cycle  of  twenty  eight  years;  "pap  'a  the  lunar  cycle  of 
nineteen  years.— In  liturgy :  '"oprayerbook  for  the  festivals.] 

"^"lJnQ  m.  pi.  (used  as  sing.;  preced.)  turning  around; 
trnsf.  longing  (cmp.  Sam.  nVTO,  Gen.  Ill,  16;  IV,  7).  Gen. 
R.  s.  26  X3nb  'a  "pb  W  Kb  mayest  thou  never  long  for 
here  (home);  Yalk.  ib.  43  lltna  (corr.  ace). 

^fri!0,  M^D  m.  pi.  (used  as  sing.;  ijn)  appearance. 
Targ.O.  Lev.  XIII,  3;  a.  e.  (some  ed.  'a).  — With  suffix 
^niina,  SSntna.  Ib.  4;  ib.  20  (some  ed.  fro);  a.  fr. 

nHPjriD  m.  (itn)  =  bPVhna,  review,  revision.  Y.  Sabb. 
I,  2d  (In  a 'defective  sentence)  '31  b"X  W"3ri  'ad  on  review- 
ing again  he  said  to  him  &c. 

ri^JllQ  f.  (n\n) glass;  (spy-glass?)  Mekh.Yithro,  Amal., 
s.  2  '31  "pmiB  It  'ad  with  the  glass  through  which  the 
kings  look;  Yalk.  Ex.  270. 

SrVfllQ  f.  (preced.)  1)  mirror.— PI.  Nutria.  Targ. 
Is.  IIL  23."(h.  text  d^ba).  Targ.O.  Ex.XXXVlii,8  n^tna. 
ed.  Berl.  (oth.  ed.  Pi^tria,  n?tna).— 2)  shoiv.  Cant.  R.  to 
VII,  1  KabSH  hWtna  )M*X  "jinxi  and  you  shall  be  the  ad- 
miration of  the  world. 

fcOpinD,  Ned.  10b,read:  iOptaa. 

"iTjna,  v.  ^itna. 

nPljQ,  nriD,  v.  nna,  Tie 

-     t  -     :  tr       "  1 

I211Q,  (^(IQAr.)  (denom.  of  next  w.;  v. Kel.  XIII,  8 
^b  ffrpPft)  to  snuff,  trim  with  a  pin.  Bets.  32b  "p^Wa; 
'31  nK  you  may  trim  the  wick ;  expl.  ib.  X3U3in  ^IIS  to 
remove  the  charred  top;  Y.  ib.  IV,  62c  bot.— Sabb.  90a; 
Men.  107a  '31  nd  "j^amaUJ  Ar.,  Rashi  a.  Ms.  M.  Men.  (ed. 




■ftSDlTO)  it  was  used  for  trimming  the  wicks  and  cleansing 
the  snouts  of  the  candlestick. — [rcrtia,  v.  EH".] 

"— ijE  f.  (Oil  I)  1)  weed/?,  jh'h.  Sabb.  VI,  1  nrxtt)  "Q 
r;-r:  a  mohat  without  a  hole,  i.  e.  a  dress  or  hair-pin; 
ib.  3  napan  '-  a  needle,  lb.  I,  3  '=1  iorraa  Br*T*l  XIT  X5 
the  tailor  must  not  go  out  with  his  needle  near  Sabbath 
eve;  ib.  llb  '31  rcrrn  '~~  with  his  needle  stuck  in  his 
garment;  Tosef.  ib.  I,  8.  Sabb.  XVII,  2  f  J*  'B  a  small 
(sewing)  needle,  O'Xpc  ~ -  the  sack-needle  (for  loose  and 
coarse  webs);  Kel.  XIII, 5.  Y.M.Kat.I,  80d  bot.  Orl.I,4,v. 
r_'--z ;  a.  fr.— 2)  stitch.  Y.  B.  Kam.  X,  end,7c  '2  xba  the  length 
of  a  stitch  which  those  of  .  . .  interpreted  to  mean  C""';=:: 
•a  x;~:  double  the  length  of  a  stitch;  Bar  K.  used  the 
expression  Ol  '~~  TZ'L"  xv~  as  much  as  is  required  for 
making  a  stitch  (carrying  the  needle),  which  E.  J.  inter- 
preted "an  r;-r.:  (D'wbSD)  double  &c;  Bab.  ib.  H9b  xVs 
t3  X; -=  '-':  Vim  "2  the  length  of  a  stitch  and  besides  it 
a  thread  the  length  of  a  stitch  (Bashi:  the  length  of  a 
needle).— PI.  tram,  "pona  (m.).  Y.  Kidd.  I,  58cbot.;  Y. 
Shebu.  VI,  beg.  36d  "2  "SO  two  needles  (or  pins).  Sabb. 
96b  'Z'  ynuTBj  Tptn . . .  "nUHI  the  embroiderers  of  curtains 
threw  their  spools  (v.  rwvr?)  one  to  the  other;  a.  fr. 

S'»H  «  ch.  same,  1)  needle,  pin.  Targ.Y.  Ex.  XXI,  6; 
Deut.  XV,  17  (h.  text  r:rra).— 2)  stitching.  Targ.  Y.  Ex. 
XXVI,  36,  a.  fr.  "a  ITO  stitched  embroidery  (h.  text  cp"i). 
— Ber.  63a  WYPuUtl '-  stitching  in  lines  or  furrows  (quilt- 
ing).— PI.  pOTTO.  Y.  Yeb.XII,  12d  bot.— Y.  Ber.IV,7d  top; 
Y.  Taan.IV,67d  "2  TOS  making  needles.— X*:;r:*2.  Targ.Is. 
Ill,  22  Ar.  (ed.  SPOrTO)  embroideries  (h.  text  D^-in). 

nZ'^nC  f.  =  rcan,  chopping.  Mace.  8a  n^5  raorra 
felling  of  trees. 

TiTSlTQ  m.  (x::~  II)  seducer.  Gen.  K.  s.  52  (play  on 
■;  ".r,~,  Gen.  XX,  6)  '31  -p3S"i  "4  ":/-""?  thy  seducer  is  in 
my  power,  thy  inclination  which  made  thee  sin  &c. 

""■UnC!  delicate,?.  "W»L— Wa^  Targ.  JobI,22,v.  HBTOO. 

'  SiUij'r  m.,  P^  ""V~"?  (prob.  =  "pasrra;  cmp.  Syr. 
xr::::n^,  'i-jr",  P.  Sm.  1247)  embroidered  horse-covers. 
Targ.  HEsth.  VI,  11. 

X"")^2i  ^2  m.  ("iVC:)  striking  ivith  the  rod,  punishment. 
Sabb.  32a  "H";  13  TO  xr^X  WTO  «T«n  (Ar.Var.  K03ITO) 
let  the  maid  continue  her  rebellion,  it  will  all  go  under 
one  rod  (in  her  hour  of  need  a  woman's  sins  are  remem- 

"TO,  HTO  ,(nn?2)  (b.h.;  v.  nrra)  tortib,  wipe  out; 
to  w ear  out,  destroy.  [In  Talm.  mostly  prr:.]  Erub.l3a;  Sot. 
n,  4  ( 1 7 b)  (ref .  to  nrrai,  Num. V,  23)  rvirrak  brro  z\rz  (Mish. 
pr^n?)  a  writing  which  one  can  wash  off.  Gen.  R.  s.  23 
(play  on  5X",r^,  Gen.  IV,  18)  '=1  ^:X  jTffe  I  shall  wipe 
them  out  of  the  world;  a.  e. — V.  ^fTa 


Pi.  ii'n'rz  [to  strike  out,  annul,]  1)  to  protest  against. 
B.  Bath.  38b  D"0)B  ".ZZ  '"2  if  he  entered  a  protest  against 
the  illegitimate  occupation  of  his  property  in  the  presence 
of  two  (v.  i-isr-;).    Ib.  '31  r+.-i-  ■oi  must  he  protest  in 

the  occupant's  presence? — Keth.  lla  tirnra  she  protested 
against  her  conversion  in  childhood.  Pes.88a  nifiab  t&tLi 
she  has  the  privilege  of  protesting  (declaring  her  pref- 
erence); a.  fr. — 2)  (with  z\  or  TO.  of  the  person)  to  fore- 
warn, interfere,  try  to  prevent.  Sabb.  55b  bot.  tVWO  "CBa 
*«  xbl  -:sm  . . .  lb  (not  Wlb,  v.  Eabb.  D.  8.  a.  1.  note) 
it  was  for  Ph.  to  forewarn  Hofni,  and  he  did  not.   Ib.a 

dm  ftap*  xb  tna  vt*a  dxid  (Ms.  m.  ibap  . . .  irvo)  that 

if  they  warned  them,  they  would  not  have  heeded  them. 
Pes.  IV,  8,  a.  e.  BTQ  1FQ  xb  they  did  not  prohibit  their 
doing  so;  a.  fr.— Cant.  R.  to  IV,  12  bs  9Ta(l)  nl33.ri  1T03 
'Z'  JQ3CP  the  daughters  (in  their  father's  absence)  entered 
a  protest  concerning  themselves  and  gave  themselves 
away  to  husbands  (Pesik.  B'shall.,  p.  82a,  a.  e.  ipO?P3 

Hif.  nrran  1)  to  dissolve,  dilute.  Y.  Pes.  Ill,  beg.  29d 
■pann  nx  Tl  if  (by  boiling)  he  made  a  mush  of  the  leavened 
matter  (made  it  unrecognizable).  Hull.  120a;  Y.  Maas.  Sh. 
II,beg.53b,a.e.,  v.X^S;  a.  fr.  (interchanging  with nrran).— 
Tosef.  Par.  IX  (VIII),8  11X3  ^jOTl  (not  "**&)  if  he  thawed 
the  frozen  water  by  artificial  heat. — [Midi*.  Till. to  Ps.VI,7 
Ttnach,  read  noaai,  v.  nos.]— 2)  to  rub  off,  cleanse,  polish. 
B.  Bath.  V,  10  TnlppttJa  tttvoq  cleanses  his  weights.  Lev. 
R.  s.  7  (play  on  DTTT3,  Ps.  LXVI,  15)m5pa  nrraa  Bttlflfl  rT13 
like  him  who  wipes  a  dish  (licks  the  remnants  up);  Pesik. 
Eth  Korb.,  p.  61a;  Pesik.  R.  s.16;  a.  e—  Pirke  d'R.  El.  ch. 
XVII  !"PS32  nrrs"?  she  produces  a  sound  by  rubbing  her 
hands  (in  sympathy  with  the  mourners). —  3)  (denom.  of 
n~-:r2)  to  recognize  as  an  authority;  in  gen.  to  autlwrize; 
to  appoint.  Snh.  23a  nmbs  n">3.n  iningrp  . . .  "CaTi  bs  xb 
he  cannot  reject  a  judge  whom  the  majority  has  recog- 
nized as  an  authority  over  them.  B.  Mets.  IX,  12  "~~rv 
'Z'  ;^N  if  he  gave  him  an  order  to  the  storekeeper.  Y. 
Pes.  vni,  3od  top  'z"\  meg  rrrxn  nno  proaa  DX  if  by 
insis  is  meant  giving  authority  (and  not  merely  knowing 
and  tolerating),  it  is  tacitly  understood  that  a  woman 
makes  an  appointment  as  if  saying,  I  will  dine  with  my 
children;  if  it  means  merely  knowing,  then  the  Mishnah 
(Pes.  VIII,  1)  means  appointment. —  [Y.  Sabb.  XIII,  beg. 
i4a  vms  nrra^n  ed.  Krot.,  v.  nrrj.] 

Nif.  itrraa  to  be  dissolved,  washed  away;  to  be  wiped 
out,  destroyed.  Y.  Pes.  Ill,  beg.  29d  a  cake  boiled  1  8?TB 
without  being  mashed  beyond  recognition  (v.  supra).  Taan. 
Ill,  8,  a.  e.  '31  mra?  C2X,  whether  the  stone .  .  .  has  been 
washed  away,  v.  "i?X.  Tosef.  Par.  1.  c.  WWa  (fr.  WTO) 
the  water  was  thawed  up.  Gen.  R.  s.  28  . .  -pyarraOX  '"X 
'3  . .  even  the  millstone  was  washed  away.  Ib.  ima"1!  R33Q1 
Ei"i^2  and  how  many  of  them  were  destroyed?;  a.  e. 

^tyZy  Sn^2  I,  (nni2 J  ch.  same,  1)  to  dissolve,  mash 
(by  stirring  &c.j.  Pes.  40b  Wra  IT&  VVQ  XE'i  X3n  Ms.  M. 
(insert  XITp)  for  R.  himself  they  made  a  mush  with  flour 
of  parched  grains  (v.  XD^pn);  ed.  'SI  rib  Tra..X21  (read 
rvb)  R.  himself  had  a  mush  made  for  himself  &c.  Ib. 
'21  X-Pip  n-?^:b  Ms.  M.  (ed.  rin-c^b)  to  make  a  mush  &c. 
(corresp.  to  h.  V?13). — V.  xn^p.  — 2)  to  wipe  off,  blot  out. 
Targ.  Is.  XXV,  8.  Targ.  Ex.  XXXII,  32;  a.  fr.— 3)  to  pro- 
test, v.  infra. 

Pa.  ^rra,  Af.  "rr;x  l)  to  protest,  forewarn,  interfere. 





Targ.  Koh.  VIII, 4.— B.  Bath.  38a  **tnA  rtfy  ">»:m  he  ought 
to  have  entered  a  protest.  Ib.39b^>TraP  0;Tia>),  v.  Kn^ma. 
Keth.  lla  N^Ttaa  she  may  protest  (against  her  conversion 
in  childhood').  T,  B.  Bath.  II,  18b  hot.  '31  flTO?,  v.  &&Rl$i 
a.e. — Ib.'pnTU  Tja'rap...>pb3''  their  neighbors  may  inhibit 
them. — 2)  (denom.  of  finals)  to  declare  approved,  to  recog- 
nize as  efficient.  Sabb.  61b  &033.  wina?  (Ms.  0.  a.  Rashi 
"«TraXP)so  as  to  make  the  man  an  approved  physician  ;  'OS 
5>iQp  to  consider  the  amulet  as  approved. 

Ithpe.  Tama,  namx,  "fBfTlJi  l)  to  be  wiped  off;  to  be 
blotted  out.  Targ.  likings  XXI,  13.  Targ.  Ps.  CIX,  13 
nan-;  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  Wil.  Tram).  lb.  14;  a.  fr.  — 2)  to  be 
diluted,  dissolved.  Pes.  74b  bot.  fctnana  KPn  Ms.  M.  2  a. 
early  eds.  (v.  Rabb.D.  8. a.  1.  note;  ed.  Knana;  Ms.  M.  1 
fctrranx,  corr.  ace.)  weak  vinegar.  Gitt.  69a  nam:*  ■'ffl'an^ 
(some  ed.  n  for  n)  it  (the  liver)  is  dissolved.  —  3)  to  be 
declared  approved  (nnaia).  Sabb.  1.  c.  &033  'N  the  person 
has  become  an  approved  physician ;  35*>ap  'X  the  amulet 
is  considered  approved.  lb.  61*  snap  anaai  &033  btJOO*l  15 
early  ed.  (later  ed.  nnaiai .  .  .  nnaiai,  read  '"ra ;  Ms.  0. 
Trams,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  1)  until  both,  the  person 
and  the  amulet,  have  been  approved;  a.  e. 

"'HP'  tsni2  II  (preced.)  [to  diminish,  cmp.  !"DD,]  to 
smite,  wouM<£-Targ.Ex.VII,20.  Targ.  IIEsth.  11,21  nttf 
SOTi  the  serpent  will  bite  him; — Part.  Tra,  RTlOj 
pi.  fjtVO,  y*1lP.  lb.  XXI,  19  (Y.  tP^rlO,  corr.  ace).  Targ. 
Is.  X,  15.  Targ.Y.  Gen.  Ill,  15;  a.  e.— Part.  pass.  pi.  Tra 
(Tra).  Targ.  Is.  LIII,  4.— B.  Bath.  21a  »p  Npir?  mna  ^3 
'31  TraT  when  thou  strikest  a  child,  thou  must  strike  it 
only  with  a  shoe-strap.  M.  Kat.  17a  ^113  133^  Tra  r+tfTi 
was  striking  a  grown  up  son.  Gen.  R.  s.4l,  a.  e.  PilOS  "pit 
BWTTQ  Tja  as  soon  as  thou  sayest,  'strike',  I  shall  strike. 
Snh.  109b  '31  Knmx?  Tidl  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  when 
a  person  struck  his  neighbor's  wife,  and  she  miscarried 
&c. ;  a.  fr.— V.  NITra. 

Ithpe.  Trans  to  be  smitten.  Targ.  II  Sam.  XI,  15.  Targ. 
Esth.  VII,  9  TllbS  Tram  mpff  (Ezra  VI,  11)  and  hanging 
thereon  he  shall  be  flogged  (to  death). 

"'PID  m.  (=Tjxa ;  tin)  stitcher,  fine  weaver.  Targ.  0. 
Ex.  XXVIII,  32.  targ.  II  Sam.  XXI,  19  (some  ed.  Ttia).— 
[Targ.  Is.  LIX,  5  Btjfia  ed.  Wil.,  read  &Ona,  or  with  ed. 
Lag.  mna.]—  Denom. 

T1Q,  SriQ  to  interlace,  weave.  Targ.  Is.  XIX,  9  Tra. 
Targ.  II  Kings  XXIII,  7  pTa.  Targ  Is.  LIX,  5  (v.  preced'.). 
— Y.  Sabb.  VII,  10c  top  '31  SOTia  13  when  she  interlaces 
(plaits),  she  is  guilty  of  an  act  of  weaving.  Sabb.  148a; 
Ber.  24a;  Pes.  42a;  Hull.  58b,  v.  Kmna.—  [8H0,  Targ.  Is. 
XIX,  10  'a  Till),  some  ed.,  read:  fctna,  v.  "HaJ 

Ithpe.  WiSPX  to  beinterivoven,  fastened.  Sabb.  58a  Nnal 
XrVEna  [rTtfJ  Ms.  M.  a.  Ar.  (Ms.  0.  &V&t  *nNXti,  v.  Rabb. 
D.S.  a.  1.  note;  ed.Knaia  n"0  NmaT,  some  ed.  nnaia,  corr. 
ace.)  it  is  fastened  to  it. 

rrriQ,  PPT1Q  f.  (b.  h.;  mn)  l)  support,  provision. 
Y.Peah  III,  17dbot  'a  IP  tth  he  has  left  for  himself  some- 
thing to  live  on  (a  permanent  source  of  income).  Sifre 
Num.  159;  Yalk.  Num.  787  'an  mdl  tPpVM  markets  and 
a  provision  store  (v.  KniTj). —  2)  [healing,]  light  cicatriz- 

ation. Y.Pes.VII,34abot.,  expl.mna  (Lev.  XIII,  24)nmTt 
nmTi  K?1  it  is  and  is  not  healed  up  (has  only  a  thin  cover- 
ing). Neg.  I,  5.  Sifra  Thazr.,  Neg.,  ch.  II,  Par.  2  nmrra 
OT33  if  the  half-healed  part  of  it  is  as  large  as  a  bean, 
lb.  Par.  5,  ch.  XI;  a.  fr.  — *3)  creatures;  DTI  mna  sea- 
animals.  Gen.  R.  s.  7,  end;  Yalk.  ib.  12  DTI  'a  JtTIOtl  he 
who  causes  the  cross-breeding  of  sea-animals  (Tosaf.  to 
B.  Kam.55a  quotes:  dTl  mTlpa);  Y.Kil.  I,27abot.mT3. 
(corr.  ace). 

SO^ITD,  Y.  Snh. VI,  23c  bot.,  read:  B^TO,  v.  NdTj. 

nnnriQ,  v.  rm. 

n^np  f.  0"irra;  v.  ^Tia)  enervation.  Num.  R.  s.  10  (ref. 
to  mna?,  Prov.  xxxi,  3)  '3i  m*na  . . .  nntn  be  on  thy 

guard  against  those  things  which  are  (the  cause  of)  the 
enervation  of  kings. 

NbnnniD,  Gen.  R.  s.  77  ■pOpB'Wl  'a  ( Ar.  some  ed.  fc&rna), 
a  corrupt.,  prob.  for  ttfjSna  a  mat  (bale)  of  silk ;  (Cant. 

R.  to  HI,  6  trta  3U)  nVan). 

&trpna,  Pi.  of  anna. 

t     •      :  t      •     :  T  '  • 

riTPlD  f.  (Tra)  pardon.  Yoma  VII,  1 ;  Sot.  VII,  7  J»S 
y&t\  nbTra'the  benediction  offering  praise  for  forgiveness 
of  guilt.  Y.  B.  Kam.  VIII,  end,  6C  mablS  'a  1?  ffk  will 
never  be  forgiven.   Snh.  44b ;  a.  fr. 

^^THD  I  m.=  h.  V^n,  a  wall  of  loosely  piled  stones. 
Targ.  Ez.'xiII,  10,  sq.  (ed.  Lag.  KSMno,  Regia  Sana). 

XTnn  II,  v.  wenm 

t     .      :         '  t  i    •  l 

n^riQ  I  f.  (ytya)  striking,  wounding.  Snh.  91b  (ref. 
to  Deut.  XXXII,  39)  '31  TlKd  nsiSII  'a  na  as  striking  and 
healing  refer  to  the  same  person,  so  do  death  and  life 
refer  to  the  same  person;  Yalk.  Deut,  946 "^na  (corr. ace). 

PI2TTO  II  f.  (pm  or  y$n)  1)  division.  B.Bath.2b 
smiPS  'a  sa^K  may  I  not  say,  m'hitsah  (ib.  I,  1)  means  a 
division  of  property? — Answ.  '31  nixn?  1S1  then  it  ought 
to  have  read,  'they  agreed  to  divide'.— 2)  partition,  wall. 
Ib.  3a,  v.  R^ft;  a.  e.— Esp.  (in  Sabbath  law)  a  partition 
ten  handbreadths  high,  to  mark  a  space  off  as  private 
ground  pTlTl  niim).  Erub.  VIII.7  '31  r\b  IB*  3"i<K  . .  naS 
if  a  canal  runs  through  a  (private)  court,  you  must  not 
draw  water  out  of  it  on  the  Sabbath,  unless  you  made 
at  its  entrance  and  its  exit  a  partition  &c. ;  "pin  . . .  bni3 
'a  dliaa  the  wall  over  the  channel  may  serve  as  a  legal 
partition.  Ib.8.  Sabb.  101a,  a.  fr.  mipn  'a  an  overhanging 
m'hitsah  (not  connected  with  the  ground).  Erub.  5a  nnip 
'a  dUDO  the  beam  (across  an  alley)  serves  as  a  legal  fiction 
for  a  m.  (as  if  its  broadside  were  prolonged  so  as  to  form 
a  partition),  v.  15$ ;— 3)  divided  off  space,  com- 
partment) (for  sacred  law)  camp,  precinct,  cmp.  fiSHd. 
Num.  R.  s.  4  d^nsn  n^Tia  the  camp  of  the  priestly  di- 
vision. Mace.  20a,  a.  e.  P13&6  'a  the  limit  (the  area  of  Je- 
rusalem) for  consuming  (the  second  tithes) ;  aipp?  'a  the 
limit  for  protecting  it  (as  having  once  entered  the  sacred 
precinct).   Lev.  R.  s.  26  T3£Ta3  iOS  'with  me'  (I  Sam. 




XXVIII,  19)  in  my  division  (in  heaven).  lb.  rVRBI  "•b  f» 
atXTtTOi  C32"b  I  am  not  permitted  to  enter  thy  compart- 
ment. Num.  B.  s.  20  *,rS""Ta  their  compartment. — Gen. 
B.  8.  98  (play  on  OTBI,  Gen.  XLIX,  23)  irrr-a  ib«J  his 
camp-fellows  (brothers);  a.  fr  —  PI.  l'fijftltil.  Erub.  89a  'S3 
tVTO"tfl  when  the  partitions  (between  one  house  and  the 
other)  are  distinguishable  on  the  roof.  Num.  B.  s.  7  13P3 
"2  2"ar~  the  scholars  fixed  camps  (for  sacred  law);  Sifre 
Num.  1  'ob  D"a3fi  13a  (v.  Kel.  I,  9);  a.  fr.  —  'pi'Tra  /au-s 
concerning  partitions  for  Sabbath  purposes,  v.  supra. 
Erub.  4a;  Succ.  5b. 

STISrnC  ch.  same,  partition.  Targ.  Y.  Num.  XVII, 
13. — Erub.  89%  v.  next  w. 

NKTnE  (fcC^rrK)  f.same,  1)  partition,  division. 
Erub.  92a  'a  MWtfi  (v.  Eabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  60)  the  par- 
titionbetween  the  two  areas  are  distinguishable  (v.  I  ll'iyj). 
Sabb.  101a,  a.  fr.  'a  FPHX  T'a  imagine  the  partition  con- 
tinued downward.  Erub.  89a  WYBmo  p""3X  TO  imagine 
the  partition  continued  upward,  v.  "133;  a.  fr.  —  2)  (also 
X^"1)"":)  compartment,  wing,  extension  (cmp.  ("Mr*).  Targ. 
I  Kings  VI,  6  (not  'rVT3;  h.  text  &>&,  sbs).  Targ.Ez.XLI,5, 
8,  sq.;— PI.  Xr:J-na,  X";2VTa.  Ib.6,sq.  Targ.  I  Kings 
1.  c.   lb.  15,  sq.;  a.  fr. 

p"H2,  V.  pTTQ. 

np"ni2  f.  (prra)  1)  rubbing,  blotting  out.  Erub.  13b 
S'fl  "2  flTH  iT^EJSJ  its  preparation  consists  in  washing  (the 
writing)  off  (Num.  V,  23).  Y.  Sot.  II,  18abot.  ftim  'ob  is 
intended  to  be  blotted  out.  Bab.  ib.  18a;  a.  e. — 2)  scrap- 
ing. Y.  Sabb.  VII,  10c  bot.  '=1  ML'rtl  'a  "*tta  what  scraping 
was  done  in  the  preparation  of  the  Tabernacle? 

5>rj>*rR2  f,  pj.  (prra)  a  load  counted  by  stricken 
measures.  B.  Mets.  80b  (oth.  opin.:  reduced  in  weight  by 
being  icorm-eaten). 

1  ™U  m.  (b.  h.;  "ina,  cmp.  *i"]a)  exchange,  that  which 
is  obtained  by  exchange ;  price.  Sot.  26b,  a.  e.  n3iT  'a  the 
price  obtained  from  selling  a  harlot. — [Tosef.  Mikv.  I,  19 
'ftfUJ  ed.  Zuck.  (missing  in  ed.)  a  corrupt,  for  n^na,  a 
misplaced  gloss  to  fttO  ib.] 

nnnD  part.  pass.  Af.  of  WTO. 

Sr"n)G  f.  (-■na)  web.  Pes.  42a  'a  x"in(3)  mVo  isx 
TlTTta  wilt  thou  weave  all  these  things  in  one  web 
(bring  under  one  category)?;  Hull.  58b1"l3""iria(corr.  ace.); 
Ber.  24a  WTyiU  WTTttJ  Ms.M.  (ed.  xnna,corr.  ace.) ;  Sabb. 
148a  S-irVTT3  (v.  Eabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note). 

NP'ra,  v.  xnrra. 

tt   :       -  t -: - 

?jnD  (sec.  verb  of  "in  II)  to  laugh.  Shebu.34b;  Bets. 
14a,  a.  e.  '31  fibs  nana  they  laughed  at  it  &c. 

S'DnS,  Targ.  Is.  Ill,  22,  read  HfWB^  v.  XUrra. 

"mQ  (cmp.  !-i!"va)  [to  blot  out,  annul,]  to  remit  (a 
debt):  to  forgive, pardon,  to  forego,  renounce.  Keth.  85b 
WHJ  ibJTOl  "ftF.1  .  .  .  "Clan  if  one  sells  a  note  of  indebted- 

ness to  a  neighbor,  and  then  remits  the  debt,  it  stands 
remitted  (and  the  buyer  of  the  note  must  settle  with  the 
creditor).  Ib.  inbrra  she  remitted  it.  Y.  B.  Mets.  VI,  end, 
lla  **C3ia  C!~tb  ibnail)  to  whom  custom  officers  remitted 
the  fine.  Ib.  wbrra  "Olbs  ttt)b  we  remitted  (the  fine)  for 
this  man's  sake  (individually).  Ber.  12b  ba  b3S  lb  "."bnia 
'31  all  his  sins  are  forgiven  to  him.  Ib.  32a  "15  ...  .  "O^X 
'SI  ttlb  nbonl  binaCTB  I  will  not  leave  thee  until  thou 
forgivest  and  pardonest  &c. — Sabb.  30a  '31  b*J  *b  birra  for- 
give me  that  particular  sin  (the  seduction  of  Bathsheba) ; 
-jb  bifia  thou  art  forgiven ;  a.  v.  fr. — 1*11333  bs  'a  to  forego 
the  honor  due  to  one's  self.  Kidd.  32a  bina  1113= . .  'air  3XS"i 
if  a  father  allows  a  son  to  omit  the  acts  of  reverence  due 
to  him,  his  honor  is  remitted  (the  son  may  avail  himself 
of  the  permission) ;  '31  'OTD  3"iil  but  if  a  teacher  gives  per- 
mission &c;  a.  fr. — Num.B.  s.  19  '31  "112)53  bniafi  "^MS  for 
he  who  is  asked  to  forgive,  must  not  be  relentless  (v.  B. 
Kara.  VIII,  7). 

Nif.  brras  to  be  cancelled;  to  be  forgiven,  pardoned. 
B.  Mets.  17a;  Gitt.  26b,  a.  e.  1*1135115  '3  1331!) . . .  nail)  on  a 
note  once  given  and  paid  off  you  cannot  raise  a  loan 
again,  because  the  security  which  it  contains  (v.  PTirjX) 
has  once  been  cancelled.  Yoma  88a  bna'b  *"m*JO  (his  sins) 
lie  ready  to  be  forgiven.  Taan.  7b  '21  ibra"  3"XX  unless 
Israel's  sins  are  forgiven.  B.  Kam.VIII,  7  ""113  Xlilll)  S"5X 
'31  lb  1  "pX  although  he  pays  (the  fine  for  insulting  a 
neighbor),  he  is  not  forgiven  (by  the  Lord),  until  he  asks 
pardon ;  a.  fr. — V.  rib":-;. 

5tjEl,  ^llQ  ch.  same.  Keth.  86a  .  .  .  brrcPrri  b".pn 
nrbrva  Asheri  (nnb-Tix  . . .  fibmn),  v.  binli  ch.— Y.  ib. 

XIII,  35d  "■?  VrjO  Xin  he  might  have  remitted  my  debt. 
Kidd.  32a  rrnpib  mb  bTio=T*i33  bs  bna,  v.  preced. 

S^H^,  M?*PIE  ch.  =next  w.,  cavity.  — PL  "pbra, 
"•na.  Targ.  Y.  fbeat.  XXXII,  18  (Y.  II  "pbna,  read :  'bra'; 
v.  next  w.).  Targ.  Is.  II,  19. 

T]JT\12,  n?pYV2  f.  (b.  h.;  bbn)  cavity,  cave.  Mekh. 
B'shall.,  Amal.,  s.  2  let  me  enter  the  land  *|TnOp  Pb*nas 
by  the  cave  Caesarion  (Sifre  Num.  135  bbn  "p*J).  Tosef. 
Yeb.  XIV,  6  "rtfl  blI5  'a  an  underground  fish  pond ;  Yeb. 
121a;  a.  fr.— PI.  nibna,  'ina.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Kam.  I,  11 
'21  mrHD  'a  the  underground  places  under  the  Temple 
are  not  sacred  area;  Pes.  86a.  Ib.;  Tam.  271',  a.  e.  xb  'a 
1125"ipn*  the  caves  under  the  Temple  have  not  been  con- 
secrated. Keth.  llla  *"J1  niBS3  'a  underground  passages 
are  made  for  them  (v.  blabs,).  Ib.  'ab  rw  xb  xavfl  per- 
haps he  will  not  be  privileged  to  pass  underground. 
Gen.  B.  s.  96;  a.  e.— PI.  m-D^-Tia,  y^na.  Pesik.  E.  s.31. 
Gen.  B.s.  1,  beg.  '31  'a  'a  TOS  mxtil  man's  body  is  made 
with  many  channels  and  cavities;  Yalk.  Ps.  835.  Sifre 
Deut.  319  (play  on  "bbna,  Deut.  'XXXII,  18)  'a  TpKWtt 
'a  who  made  thee  full  of  cavities;  Num.  B.  s.  9,  beg. 
'31  ibx  'a  'a . .  tfV9  I  built  you  with  many  cavities,  that 
means  the  hearts  and  the  kidneys. 

n>nS  f.(b.  h.;  nbn)  sickness.  Mekh.  B'shall./Vayassa, 
s.  1  (reTf.  to  Ex.  XV,  26)  'SI  'a  D"13  "fX  DX  (Xri)  if  there  is  to 
be  no  sickness  among  them,  what  healing  will  they  need? 



B.  Mets.  107b;  B.  Kam.  92b  nna  it  'a  'the  sickness'  means 
(affection  of)  the  bile  &c,  v.  nbn. 

nplvtlQ  f.  (b.  h.  r^lTO;  pbn)  division;  separation; 
difference,' dissension,  strife,  faction.  Gen.  It.  s.  4  px  HBP 
'an  nx"Q3  .  . .  aVTO  why  are  not  the  words  'that  it  was 
good'  written  about  the  second  day  of  creation?  .  .  .  Be- 
cause separation  was  created  thereon  (Gen.  I,  6);  'a  DX 
'31  IJipvib  X^nu?  if  to  a  separation  which  was  made  for 
the  establishment  and  settlement  of  the  world,  'that  it 
was  good'  cannot  be  applied,  how  much  less  to  a  sepa- 
ration which  tends  to  the  confusion  of  the  world!  Ab. 
V,  17  d^ttJ  D'JjV  X^nm  'a  a  dissension  which  is  carried  on 
for  the  sake  of  heaven  (of  truth,  without  selfish  motives). 
Ber.  37a  'an  *p3  .  .  .  TYO  12  how  long  wilt  thou  put  thy 
head  between  contending  parties,  i.  e.  why  dost  thou  de- 
viate from  the  established  rule?  lb.  38b  n^DUJ  'an  this 
has  been  taught  under  a  controversy  of  opinion.  Y.  Peah 
I,  16a  'a  ifcsa  people  who  create  strife.  Y.  Snh.  1, 19c  top 
'31  'a  nn^n  xb  nbnro  in  former  days  there  were  no  con- 
flicting opinions  in  Israel  (they  being  settled  by  the  San- 
hedrin) ;  Bab.  ib.  88b  '31  'a  paia  V>n  xb  they  allowed  no 
differences  to  spread  &c;  Tosef.  ib.VII.l;  Tosef.  Hag. II,  9 
nipftrra  (pi.).  B.  Bath.  147a  'an  Vnn  bx  do  not  join  a 
political  faction.  Hor.llb'31  blU  injS'ftwg  ^Sa(notinipbna) 
on  account  of  the  contention  of  Adoniyah  (who  claimed 
the  right  of  succession).  Ib.  '31  &03>2  'a  X3iX  *Q  wher- 
ever there  was  a  contest  between  claimants,  anointing 
was  required;  a.  ir.—Pl.  nipibna.  Sot.  47b  '2",  'a  W*l  the 
factions  in  Israel  became  numerous.  Tosef.  Snh.  1.  c,  v. 
supra.  Meg.  3a  '31  'a  13.*n  xbtU  in  order  that  dissensions 
may  not  spread  &c;  a.  e. 

SS^pitTjQ  ch.  same,  division.— PI.  xnpibna.  Targ. 
Y.IGTen.  L,  1. 

^jbriD  m.  (b.  h.;  C)bn)  sharp  knife.  — PL  D^Bbna.  Y. 
Yoma  ill,  41a  top  (ref.  to  Ezra  I,  9)  fVtiGft  lbx  .  .  'a  ma- 
halafim  .  .  means  the  slaughtering  knives. 

Y^T7I2  m.,  du.  tpxbna,  pi.  "psbna  (pbn,  cmp.  p^bn)  a 
sort  of  windlass,  loops  of  a  rope  attached  to  a  heavy  slab 
for  rolling  over  plastered  roofing  &c,  v.  nb"VSSa.  Mace.  9' 
ma  ixbna  oaicm)  ns  Var.  in  Ar.  s.  v.  bsna  (ed.  lbxna) 
until  the  entire  ramming  machine  slips  out  of  his  hands 
(opp.  to  pOS3  the  breaking  of  the  rope);  Y.  ib.  II,  beg.  31c 
■pxbnan  b=  nx  TWIT  IS  (read  b^BTB  or  WlTO)  until  he 
lets  go  all  the  loops  (expl.  =bnnn  pDSD).  Ib.  **1  la*i  na 
'an  nenaea  (not  psbnan)  what  R.  J.  says  ('until  he  drops 
the  whole  rope')  refers  to  the  slipping  of  the  machine; 
Tosef.  ib.  II,  3  ed.  Zuck.  vna  pbsnan  \>2  ViSniB  *®  (read : 
'sbnan . . .  VtffiB).  M.  Kat.  1, 10  (nri)  xb  bnx  . .  nx  *psia 
Q^sbnal  (Y.  ed.  tt*% . . . ;  Ms.  M.  Dibxna)  you  may  plaster 
over  cracks  in  the  roof,  or  roll  them  over  with  a  (small) 
roller,  using  the  hands  or  the  feet,  but  not  with  the 
windlass,  v.  Y.  ib.  81a  top.  —  [The  Var.  lect.  "buna  rests 
upon  a  popular  transposition,  as  if  from  ppa.  The  inter- 
pretation of  bsna  by  commentators  as  trowel  does  not 
fit  the  context] 

S^^prizO  m.  pi.,  ch.  same.   M.  Kat.  25b  lini . .  ISntiJiX 

'ab  ed.  (Ms.  M.  X^bsnab,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  80)  the 
statues  became  smooth  (effaced)  and  they  were  used  as 
slabs  for  rolling  machines. 

mpbna,  nppfin,  v.  npibna. 

rDnQ  pr.  n.  f.  (b.  h.)  Mahdlath,  name  of  the  mother 
of  the  queen  of  demons,  v.  n^ax.  Pes.  112b;  Num.  R.  s.12. 

DHQ,  v.  nrpa. 

^THOn^  f.(ian)  something  desirable,  treasure.  Koh. 
R.  to  V,  10  rrtHlSTO  TOial  who  loses  a  dear  object. 

"'QflD,  ^12dTVl2  m.  (ian)  sight,  appearance,  v.  *ltpr. 
Targ.  Y.  Gen.  XXIII,  8.  lb.  XLI,  21.  Targ.  Y.  Deut,  IV, 
6;  a.  e. 

Vl2ty2  m.,  &C%$HD  f.  (sap)  that  which  is  leavened. 
Targ.  Ex.  XII,  19,  sq".  ' 

j-223nQ  m.  ("pan)  a  icash-pit  containing  ordure  &c. 
to  create  fermentation.   B.  Bath.  19a. 

nana,  ^nsna  ('orra)  m.  ^-oni)  a  Pue  of  debris, 

mound  (of  a  ruined  place).  Targ.  Is.  XVII,  1  'a  ~p3  a  fort- 
ress of  debris.—  PI.  p'lSana,  'apa.  Targ.  Ps.  CXL,  11.— 
V.  x^ana^T. 

PSnQ  (popular  pronunc.  nana),  v.  nan. 

njnC  m.  (b.  h. ;  ilin)  camp,  esp.  the  encampment  of 
the  Israelites  in  the  desert  (v.  Num.  II);  transferred  to  the 
limits  of  graded  sacredness  in  Jerusalem  (v.  nipna  II). 
Sifre  Num.  1  bx^UJ"1  n?na  the  camp  of  the  Israelites  (from 
the  gate  of  Jerusalem  to  the  Temple  mount) ;  n^lb  'a  the 
camp  of  the  attendants  (priests  and  Levites,  from  the 
Temple  mount  to  the  Temple  court);  h3*i3t8  'a  the  camp 
of  the  Divine  Majesty  (from  the  entrance  of  the  court 
and  further).  Ib.  yHX  'a  the  camp  of  the  Ark  in  the  desert 
(=rr>lb  'a);  Y.  Sot. VIII,  22b  bot.;  a.  fr—  PI.  m'Dpa.  Sifre 
1.  c.  "pi  'a  \ubttJ  there  are  three  camps  of  graded  sacred- 
ness (=ni:rna). 

£<DTO  m.  (Gin)  mercy.  Targ.  Is.  LXIII,  9.  V.  pfTtt, 

rPQIDriQ  f.(ocn  II)  polish,glaze.  Tosef.  Kel.B. Mets. 
I,  3  '31  *,a  Indiana  (some  ed.  'aiOtt;  R.  S.  to  Kel.  XI,  4 
inappn,  expl.  the  steel-edge  of  an  axe)  its  glaze  is  of  an 
unclean  material. 

"fiDHO  m.  (b.  h.j  -iGn)  need.  Cant.  R.  to  VII,  2  bsb 
n^iona  1*13  .  . .  n^la  to  each  body  according  to  its  need ; 
Ber.  29 b. 

llDnD  ch.  (preced.)  defect,  shortcoming.    Targ.  Y. 
Num.  XI,  23. 

^"^!"toOP  f-  Pi-  (preced.)  defects  (of  sight).  Bekh. 
44a  xb'a  b3X  but  mere  defective  eye-sight  does  not  dis- 
qualify (opp.  perfect  blindness).  Ib.  pia  'a  the  disquali- 
fication from  defective  eye-sight  is  derived  from  p"  (Lev. 
XXI,  20). 




Nv"^,  'a  xra  pr.xx.yl.  Matha  M'  hasia  (or  Mahseia, 
v.  Jer.  XXXII,  12),  prob.  a  suburb  of  Sura  (v.  Berl.Beitr. 
z.  Geogr.,  p.  45,  sq).  Keth.  4*.  Ber.  17b  "31  'a  'a  "03  the 
(gentile)  inhabitants  of  M.M.  a'e  obstinate.  Kidd.  33a.  B. 
Kam.  119b.   Snh.  7b;  Hor.  3b. 

"  OljQ,  r\12  adv.  (Vcr)  complete  measure.  Targ. 
I  Kings  VII,  26,  a.  e.  (h.  text  Vo*). 

S~",£iT2  m.  ch.=next  w.— PI.  ynisna.  Targ.Zeph. 
II,  9  (ed.  Wil.  ^Sr-;)  salt-mines.  Targ.  Ez.  XLVII,  11. 

rH"l£l"iD  f.  (n£n)  1)  mine.  Keth.  79b  ?p->S  Ptt  'a  an 
alum-mine.— 2)  product  of  the  mine.  Ah.  Zar.  33b  (expl. 
TUB  ";-)  7"1S  bwa  *»?3  vessels  made  of  alum  crystals. — 
3)  (v.  <~~'Z~  II)  fruits  obtained  by  digging,  bulbous  vege- 
tables. Tosef.  Maasr.  I,  6  m/mC  btt  '2  storaged  vegetables 
(some  ed.  "'hisr:*;  pi.). 

)  EM/2,  a  mnemonical  abbreviation  for  fityb  penalty 
of  death,  tthtfin  fine  of  one  fifth,  "jV^fe  not  redeemable,  and 
z'-'t  forbidden  to  non-priests.  Yeb.  73b. 

^1?H^  (or  rnDTO)  {.(^sn)  afield  ichieh  is cleared 
of  trees.— PI.  rYhwra.  Tosef.  Shebi'.  Ill,  18  ed.  Zuck.  (Var. 


&*-  f-JyQ  m-  C1?"  H)  owe  causing  shame.  Targ.  Prov. 
XIX,  26.   ' 

yn^2  (b.  h. ;  sec.  r.  of -pin)  fo  split,  strike.  Pirke  d'E. 
El.  ch.  XXXIV  '31  trtWYm  nx  m  I  struck  Jerusalem 
on  the  day  &c. ;  Talk.  Deut.  946.   Snh.  91b. 

"fri2  m.  (yxn,  v.  Jud.  V,  11)  [distributor,  cmp.  rffs,] 
Zad7e  for  filling  vessels  out  of  the  well,  or  the  wine-  or 
oil-pit.  Par.  V,  5  'an  "brr  the  sides  of  a  broken  ladle.  Ab. 
Zar.  74b;  T.  ib.  V,  end,  45b;  Tosef.  ib.  VIII  (IX),  1.  Toh. 
X,  7  'a  t]3l.  n-n  SX  if  he  emptied  the  pit  by  using  a  ladle 
(to  pour  into  the  vessels).— PI.  "psna.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Kam. 
VII,  15.— [Fl.  to  Levy  Talm.  Diet.  Ill,  309a:  yna,  fr.  "ra 
to  stir,  cmp.  Ps.  LXVIII,  24.] 

D^nI2  m.  (asn)  quarry,  mine.  Shebi.  Ill,  5.  Ib.  6 
'"2  p«0  r.'.ns  if  a  stone  fence  is  less  than  ten  handbreadths 
high,  it  comes  under  the  category  of  a  quarry.  Y.  ib.  34c 
bot  'SI  15^213  'a  a  quarry  situated  between  two  estates. 
Ex.  E.  s.  15  '31  'art  *]1"G  blessed  the  quarry  from  which 
it  was  hewn.  Lev.  R.  s.  26,  end  '31  V3E?  'an  1i6ai  and 
they  filled  the  quarry  before  him  with  gold  Denars.  Esth. 
E.  to  I,  6  'SI  ntn  'an  this  (marble)  quarry  had  not  been 
revealed  to  any  man  before  &c. 

^O^ITE  ch.  same.— PI.  N^na.  Targ.  Jud.  Ill,  26  (h. 
text  a-ip-OS). 

n^TO  f.  (b.  h.;  nsn)  division,  half.  Shek.  VII,  1  'a 
'ab  at  an  equal  distance  from  each.  Hull.29a;  Pes.  79a  'a 
Slls  'a  *53  half  to  half  (if  the  nation  is  equally  divided 
between  clean  and  unclean),  we  treat  it  as  if  the  majority 

were  clean.  Hull.28b  3.113  'abs  'a  half  (of  the  vital  organ) 
cut  and  half  uncut  is  considered  as  if  the  larger  portion 
were  cut.  Lev.  R.  s.  10  'a  na51S  roViSn  repentance  effects 
half  (the  atonement) ;  a.  fr. 

bsnn,1rf.D',bsnz2,  rbsna  v.  f** 

T-t--'  '     T    —.     -       I      •     T    "1  —  It-:- 

SbXTIQ  f.,  v.  vsbxrva. 

T    :    :      -        '  t  :  -   :  - 


T-t:        "'  t-t-:- 

rD^ijS  f.  (v.  nbsin)  matting  used  for  partition,  cover- 
ing &c,  in  gen.  mat.  Succ.  I,  11  vnp  'a  a  reed  mat.  Tosef. 
ib.  1, 10  XSirPE  V»  'a ;  Succ.  20a  WC  VtJ  'a  a  mat  of  bul- 
rushes. Bets.  36a  'si  5"?  'a  "p&TtB  you  may  spread  a  mat 
over  bricks  &c; — Pl.rrbxrrz.  Succ.l.c.(expl.r.l;:£"n) 
•r it  'a  real  mats.  Y.  ib.  II,  end,  52c  X131X  ttfaPTO  mattings 
of  Usha.— Y.  Erub.  VII,  24c  top  nfr-femtt  (not  TV**>  .  . .). 
Num.  E.  s.  21  rfisbtrib:  a.  fr. 

KPDXnS,  Sb^lD  ch.  same.   Gen.  E.  s.  33  . .  Nan 

r    :   -   :      -'  t    :    : 

'a  X*in3  .  .  saw  a  poor  man  wrrapped  in  a  mat;  Yalk.  Ps. 
727.  —  PI.  "iVSTTO,  S'V-Sna.  Y.  Sabb.  VII,  10c  top.  Y.  Ab. 
Zar.  Ill,  42c  top  'a  Kftffptt  ',i5n  they  covered  the  statues 
with  matting  ;Koh.E.toIX,10  [read:]  'a  BBtfipKi'fcK'pWn. 

XTSIIIS  m.  (=  "VLSftM,  v.  "tssn)  trumpeter.— PL 
S^-^na.   TaVg.  II  Chr.  V,  13.    ["p^sna,  part,  pi.,  v.  ixsn.] 

ptljQ  (cmp.  nna)  l)  to  rub  out,  blot  out.  Sabb. VII,  2 
V\  a"S  pnian  he  who  rubs  out  in  order  to  write  over 
the  erasure.  Sot.  18a  '31  'al  nna  niX  3D3  if  he  wrote  (the 
adjuration  of  the  Sotah)  by  writing  and  washing  off  letter 
by  letter.  Ib.  '31  "jlni  "JprTDI  and  washed  them  off  in  one 
cup.  Sabb.  75b  np-HJ  mx'a  if  he  erased  one  large  letter.  Ib. 
'SI  pnia3iain  ntin  this  case  he  who  erases,  is  more  severely 
dealt  with  than  he  who  writes  (on  the  Sabbath); — 
Part.  pass.  p^na.  Ab.  IV,  20  'a  *P"3  erased  papyrus  (pal- 
impsest).— 2)  to  scrape,  smooth.  Sabb.  VII,  2  (73a)  -cran 
"ipniam  .  .  Mish.  a.Y.  ed.  (Bab.  ipnaam)  he  who  tans  its 
skin,  and  he  who  scrapes  it.  Y.  ib.  10c  bot.  E113a  zV^Ti 
pnia  is  guilty  of  an  act  coming  under  the  category  of 
scraping.  Ib.  10a  npnian  he  who  planes  the  beam;  a. 
fr.— 3)  to  level,  striked  B.  Bath.V,  11  pina V  . .  pinab,  v. 
J-:.  Sabb.  153b;  Tosef.  ib.  I,  17  nxD  JplTO  they  made  the 
measure  (of  laws  passed)  just  even  (so  that  anything 
added  would  make  it  overflow),  opp.  BS^tt;  Y.  ib.  I,  3C;  a. 
fr.— V.  p;iT2. 

Nif.  pna:  to  be  blotted  out.  Sot.  II,  4,  v.  nna.  Ib.  I8a 
IqVqtS  npna:i3  Blp  before  the  roll  (containing  the  ad- 
juration of  the  Sotah)  has  been  washed  off.  B.  Bath.  164a 
lav  "p  '2  an  erasure  of  one  day's  standing,  EflCfl  "WB  *p  '3 
an  erasure  two  days  old ;  a.  e. 

Pi.  pn*ra  to  smooth,  shave.  Sabb.  73a,  v.  supra.  Y.  ib. 
VII,  10d  top  pnaa  OWn  3"'n  is  guilty  of  an  act  coming 
under  the  category  of  scraping;  a.  fr. 

pMw,  pv^]  ch.  same,  1)  to  blot  out,  wash  off,  erase. 
Targ.  Num.  V,  23.  — B.  Bath.  164a  'si  rrt  pTia  Kap^  he 
may  erase  it  and  write  over  it  what  he  may  choose.  Ib. 
"vs'tvji  pVTDT)  let  one  erase  (some  writing)  and  compare; 




a.  fr.— Part.  pass,  ptflf,  f.  Np/ria.  Gen.  R.  s.  65,  beg.  TV" 
fctatt!  npTia  Ninb  S^"1  **aiU  '°  V"*1  let  tnis  man  "whose 
name  deserves  to  be  blotted  out  come  and  marry  that 
woman  &c;  Yalk.  ib.  112;  113  (not  npna).— Koh.  R.  to 
XII,  5  fPOtt)  '33  matt?  p^TVD  OlSN^TiN  Hadrian,  his  bones 
be  ground,  his  name  be  blotted  out.  Esth.R.toI,4 12*3*13133 
'31  'a  pTMJ  Nebuchadn.,  he  be  ground,  blotted  out  &c. — 
2)  to  strike.  Part.  pass,  as  ab.  Y.  Pes.  IV,  end,  31°;  Esth. 
R.  1.  c,  v.  bin*.  B.  Mets.  80b,  v.  Knp^na. 

Ithpe.  P^rranat  to  be  blotted  out.  Gen.  R.  s.  28,  end 
",b*3*i  n^ott?  pnan*)  .  .  la'CtO  as  one  says,  that  man's  name 
be  blotted  out. 

pTV2  m.  strike,  v.  pina. 

pn/2  or  pnD  m.  (preced.  wds.)  erasure,  erased  spot. 
B.Bath.'l63b  bot.'an  bs?  TW1  Kin  the  document  itself  and 
the  signature  of  witnesses  written  over  an  erasure,  lb. 
164a;  "ppna.  Ib.  161b'31  -p*l2*.  'an  b3  all  erasures 
written  over  must  be  ratified  (on  the  margin). 

SPPlQ  ch.  1)  same.  B.  Bath.  164a  '31  Kill  'a  "-a*!  Kb 
the  erasure  (written  over)  of  one  paper  cannot  be  com- 
pared to  that  of  another  paper.  Ib.  'a  bs  .  .  .  &0n3irt  we 
witnesses  have  signed  our  names  over  an  erasure;  a.  e. — 
2)  papyrus.  Meg.  19a  top  (explaining  h"*$). 

&$pnO  m.  (pha  2)  stricken  measure.    Targ.  Y.  Lev. 

xix,  35",  o'pp.  KHraJm 

n\12  m.  (b.  h.;  =  infc*a;  inx)  weatf  day,  future  day. 
Mekh.Bo.  18  '31  VQ&90  'a  ID'*  there  is  a  mahar  which  means 
wow  (the  next  day),  and  there  is  a  mahar  which  means 
some  future  time;  Yalk.  Ex.  225.— Ber.  28a  nPNl  "OK  'ab 
'31  to-morrow  I  and  you  &c.  Sot.  48b  b31N  Ha  .  .  .  *»a  bs 
'31  'ab  he  who  has  bread  in  his  basket  and  says,  what 
shall  I  have  to  eat  to-morrow?  &c. — Y.  Gitt.  II,  44a  bot. 
'31  'ab  son  nb^b  Kin  it  makes  no  difference  whether  the 
same  night  or  the  next  day  or  after  some  time;  a.  fr. — 
n*irra  f.,  constr.  n*jna.  Men.  65b  u"i*»  'a  rdu>n  'aa  'the 
morrow  of  the  Sabbath'  (Lev.  XXIII,  11)  means  the  day 
after  the  first  day  of  the  Festival  (Passover).  Ib.  WW  IN 
rWDifO  Pdtf"  'ab  Stbx  may  it  not  mean  the  morrow  after 
the  regular  weekly  Sabbath  ? ;  a.  e.  — d*;ri*ina  day  after 
to-morroio.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  XII  '31  -jbs  'abl  and  the  day 
after  to-morrow  we  shall  go  &c. 

"1HQ,  SnPlD  ch.  same.  Targ.  Ex.  XVII,  9.  Targ. 
Prov.  XXVII,T1  ''a^"1;  a.  fr.— Lev.  R.  s.34  K3n  ton  n*<b  'ab 
to-morrow  she  (the  soul)  is  no  more  here.  Y.  Gitt.  II, 
44b  top  ina*i  K"ina  the  day  after  to-morrow;  a.  e. 

mj"nnD  (TO)  strings  (of  meat,  fish  &c).  Tosef. 
Shek.  Ill,  10  'a  if  the  meat  found  was  on  strings;  Y.  ib. 
VII,  beg.  50c  'a  Vtt  dN.— B.  Mets,  II,  1  d*>5.*l  blU  'a  fish  on 
strings.  Tosef.  ib.  II,  1  niai*l*lp  buJ  'a  axes  strung  to- 
gether; a.  e. 

?|1"lnQ  m.  (Tpn)  singe,  burn  (wound).  Targ.  Y.  Ex. 
XXI,  25.'  " 

Dn"inD,  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.  II,  14,  read  with  R.  S. 
toKel.  XII,  5:  OTTO. 

nEJ"Hn^  f.  (b.  h. PiynqajttSyt)  \)plough.  Tosef.Sabb. 
XIV  (XV),  1  'a  bUJ  **n*>  the  pin  of  the  plough;  Y.ib.XVII, 
beg.  I6a.  Y.  Naz.  VII,  beg.  55a  'an  dbsn  Nbin  "OS  so  that 
the  plough  might  not  stir  them  up.  B.Mets.  IX,  13  n&tl 
dl*>3  'an  and  must  give  him  back  the  (pledged)  plough 
for  the  day;  a.  e.  — 2)  strigil.  Ib.  113b  NB03*i  'a  a  silver 
strigil  (which,  if  pledged,  the  creditor  may  sell  and  give 
the  debtor  a  common  one);  Keth.  68a  **£03*1  'a  (such  a 
luxury  as)  a  silver  strigil. 

n©nni3  pr.  n.  pi.,  v.  rosrvra. 
mHQ,  v.  ina. 

t  t:    r  t  t 

fctfnnD,  TPfi'i  'a  pr.  n.  pi.  ("Wl)  M'hirta  d'Yattir 
[the  Cave  Region  ofY.,  v.  Hildesh.  Beitr.,  p.  25),  in  Upper 
Galilee.  Y.  Shebi.  VI,  36°;  Tosef.  ib.  IV,  U  MmnO;  Sifre 
Deut.  51  irP1  nnNTinS;  Yalk.  ib.874  Wl  tfniins  (read 


riDt^riQ  f-  (b.  h.;  a^Tj)  1)  thought,  plan.  Ber.  6P 
'31  'ad  nbs'nbnnd  it  was  the  original  plan  to  create  &c. — 
Kidd.  40a  ""IB  nUTOU)  'a  an  intention  which  bears  fruit 
(is  carried  out).  Ib.  '31  nB*i2Sa  naiB  'a  the  merit  of  a  good 
intention  does  the  Lord  (in  rewarding)  add  to  that  of  a 
good  deed;  Y.  Peah  I,  16b  top;  a.  fr.  —  2)  troubled  mind, 
care,  apprehension.  Snh.  26b  '31  nbsia  'a  trouble  (about 
sustenance)  affects  the  memory  even  for  the  words  of 
the  Law  (makes  one  forget  one's  learning). — PL  rYOiaqa. 
Ib.  19b,  v.  b?3.  Ib.  26b  (ref.  to  Ps.  XI,  3)  '31  r-PidlBrl-O  lb*-!* 
if  this  wicked  man's  plans  be  not  frustrated,  what  will 
the  righteous  man  do? 

rQl^riD  f.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  design,  art.— 'a  P3xba  a 
productive  work  (with  a  direct  purpose).  Bets.  131';  Hag. 
10b,  a.  fr.  niin  nidi*  'a  P3S*ba  the  Torah  forbids  (on 
the  Sabbath)  productive  work  (by  which  you  affect  the 
property  of  an  object,  not  mere  changing  of  position, 
planless  efforts  &c). 

SPD^riQ  ch.  (preced.  wds.)  \)plan;  art.  Targ.  Jer. 
XLIX^  20.  Targ.IIChr.  XXVI,  15;  a.  fr.  —  PI.  K^-"5, 
*,31*ina.  Targ.  Is.  LV,  8,  sq.  Targ.  Ez.  XXXVIII,  10 ;  a.  fr.— 
2)  trouble.  Erub.  29b  'a  *>blidai  and  drive  trouble  away. 

"P^riiO  m.  (Tj^n)  darkening,  -pa^^S?  "jr^n-a  dimness 
of  eye-sight.  Targ.Y.  Deut.  XXVIII,  65  'a!  (not  'at;  h. 
text  wv  -,rb3). 

nnjQ,  riHD,  part.  act.  a.  pass.  Af.  of  nnp. 

XETIQ  f.  (preced.)  declivity.— PI.  fttna.  Lev.R.s.18, 
v.  Krwina. 

SPHD,  ^rPj/2  f.  Ona  II)  1)  deficiency.  Targ.  Prov. 
X,  20  (h/text  aras).— 2)  defect.  Targ.  Cant.  IV,  7  (h.  text 
dia).— 3)  stroke,  plague,  slaughter  (corresp.  to  h.  nsa;  v. 




WTO  ]I).— Targ.  Josh.  X,  10.  Targ.  Y.Ex.  IX,  27 (ed.  Amst. 
BWto).  lb.  xxiii,  25  rra  (nna),  v.  wnno;  a.  ft.— PL 
fljoj  KMTO.  Targ.  0.  Deut.  XXVIII,  59  (Y.  yWTO)j  a.  fr.— 
Targ.  Y.  Lev.  XXYI,  18  xrxrxa.  —  Targ.  Prov.  XX,  30 
n~-r,-2  (ed.  Lag.  KTilrTO,  Var.  ''BltTO,  corr.  ace);  Targ.  Y. 
Deut.  XXIX,  21  WTniTO  (fr.  KWB).- [V.  XVna,] 

nrjIl/G  f.  (b.  h.;  nr^)  1)  coal-pan.  Kel.  II,  3  iWifi  'a 
a  coal-pan  the  rims  of  which  are  broken  off  (having  a 
flat  plate  only),  opp.  ib.  7  nab'3  '32.  Yoraa  V,  1;  a.  e  — 
2)  smiff-dish.—Pl.  niniro.  Men.  88b  iPT/Ettu/l  rrtlpte  7X" 
-::n  TO  the  tongs  and  the  snuff-dishes  of  the  candlestick 
were  not  made  out  of  the  Kikkar  of  gold;  Yalk.  Ex. 
369;  a.  e. 

S"rr~  VTrnnr:,  v.  «rmirm. 

t  -:   -     J    t  :  — .  -  t    • 

nwtd,  T¥TP-> v-  *---- 

rPHTD,  v.  xn'riina. 

NTTllTG  f.  ch.  =  h.  nWTO.    Targ.  O.  Num.  XVII,  11 

(Y.  S-Vrrr)!    Targ.  H  Chr.  XXVI,  19;  a.  fr.— PL  f?*™, 

:    S-"-rr^.   Targ.  Num.  XVI,  6;  17.  Ib.  XVH,2 (Y. 

ed.  Amst.  XT,na,  corr.  ace).  Targ.  Y.  ib.  13;  a.  e. 

SZrr!!2  m.  (rr:)  declivity.  Targ.  Josh.  VH,  5  (h.  text 
-— :  |;  a.  e.,  v.  xr-rina. 

rPrinD  f.  (b.  h. ;  "inn)  breaking  in,  breach.  Snh.Vin,  6 
...  ......  /„-  ^--j  jje  wjjQ  treats  ^  ^  jU(3ged  (allowed  to 

be  killed  with  impunity)  on  account  of  what  he  will  do. 
lb.  72a;  Yoma  85b  'a-!  X-r-J  "Xa  what  is  the  reason  of  the 
law  allowing  to  kill  one  breaking  in  (Ex.  XXII,  1)? — Snh. 
72b  '31  ■:;  'a  xbx  "b  'px  the  text  speaks  only  of  breaking 
in,  whence  can  it  be  proven  that  the  thief  found  on  one's 
roof  &c.  may  be  killed?  —  Ib.  'SI  IT  17— rna  his  breaking 
in  serves  the  place  of  forewarning  (he  knew  what  he  might 
expect).  Ib.  103a  (ref.  to  -""!,  II  Chr.  XXXTTT,  13,  v.  8. 
Baer,  Liber  Chron.,  p.  126,  a.  Rabb.  D.  S.  to  Snh.  1.  c.  note 
200)  '"  '  -  r  -=  nn"pn  lb  ns5;r  the  Lord  made  for  him  an 
opening  in  the  heaven  to  receive  him  &c. ;  (Pesik.  Shub., 
p.  162b  rTTWt)t  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  CXVm,  'an  TO..X".ia  na 
what  has  he  found  in  our  possession  (taken)  from  the 
place  we  broke  into?  Ib.  'fCHl  ""  'an  the  place  broken  into 
is  the  City  (of  Jerusalem);  a.  e. 

^THPImQ  ch. same.  Targ.O.  Ex.XXII,  1 .  Targ.  II Chr. 
XXXlri.  13"  (v.  preced.).  — Snh.  72"  'ni  tO  ''Xbr  TX-  b= 
I  should  kill  any  one  that  would  break  into  my  house, 
except  &e— Ber.  63a  (prov.)  "np  X3am  'a  31EX  X3:5  En 
Yaakob  (missing  in  ed. ;  Ms.M.2  XIS-X"!,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a. 
1.  note  40)  the  thief  at  the  entrance  of  the  breach  calls 
on  the  Lord  for  help.— PI.  X"rna.  M.  Kat.  25b;  Snh. 
109a  (Ms.  F.  ■'rrrra,  v.  Babb.  D.  S.  a.l.  note  50),  v.  "-. 


T  T     T         ' 

8:20,  v.  ---.. 

^".iK".^  m.  (b.  h.;  xax::)  broom.  Gen.  B.  s.  79,  end, 
v.  x:"-a;  Y.  Meg.  II,  73a  bot.,  v.  x:"bx. 

fctrfenMSE,  HmaiSn,  v.  xr-_: 

T  T  T-'  TT  T     -  X    :-  - 

5^fc,!lp;2T2Q  m.  pi.  (v.  next  w.),  'O  ^3  (n^2)  slaughter- 
ing place  (in  the  Temple).  Eduy.  VIII,  4,  a.  e.— Kel.  XV, 
6;  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Mets.  V,  7,  v.  rtaTO. 

DTjS^C  m.  pi.  (n33)  slaughtering ;  'an  PFO,  slaughter- 
ing place  (in  the  Temple).  Midd.  Ill,  5  (Mish.  ed.D^nrva). 
Ab.  V,  5  (Strack  a.  other  pointed  ed.  read  a^rEKa). 

""t-"'  "Z'2'C  c.  (r=-jH)  l)  coin,  medal  (v.  X'^STO). 
B.  Earn.  97u  sq.  'an  nbO£:i  'rn  bv  ...  mban  if  one  loans 
money  in  a  certain  coin,  and  that  coin  was  afterwards 
repealed,  '31  X21V1  'a  lb  *(ni3  he  must  pay  him  in  the 
present  legal  coin.  Dj.b  tto  IS^im  'an  bs  . .  .  mban  if 
one  loans  &c,  and  the  coin  was  in  the  meantime  made 
larger  (heavier),  '31  FltXTtl  'a  lb  )T\M.  B.  Mets.  45b,  sq., 
v.  tfV^n.— B.  Kam.  1.  c.  X"X biT  'a  the  Abraham  medal; 

a.  fr.— PL  rnraaaa,  fwaaa  b.  Mets.  n,  2  '31  nt  'a  neb© 

three  coins  heaped  upon  another,  v.  bxa.  Y.  ib.  8b  fflrblE 
T1  be  'a  three  coins  of  three  different  kings;  a.  fr. — Ab. 
d'R.  N.  ch.  XVIII  'a  'a  nbl3  nilpn  bs  nirs  (v.  ed.  Schechter 
note  5)  he  assorted  the  entire  law  (like)  coins,  i.  e.  system- 
atized.— 2)  type  (of  prayers,  documents),  formula.  Y.  Ber. 
V,  9b  '31  br  HPttSa  WW1  xb'tf  that  you  do  not  change 
the  formula  of  a  benediction.  Ib.  bot  n313  'a  lalX  he 
recites  the  regular  form  of  the  benediction.  Ib.  VI,  10b 
bot  '31  'an  by  nroan  b3  (read  TO)  he  who  changes  the 
formula  of  prayers  which  the  scholars  have  fixed.  Gitt 
5b,  a.  e.  '31  'aa  n*Tan  b3  he  who  changes  the  formulas 
of  documents  &c.  Y.  Meg.  Ill,  end,  74c  nr-Z'^a  "ppm  HOB 
'31  bl23  Moses  introduced  as  a  type  of  prayer,  O  God,  the 
great  &c. ;  a.  fr. 

fcOZ"!!^  ch.  same,  coin,  medal.  Targ.  II  Esth.  m,  9 
'a  "ni3'  workers  in  the  mint.  Targ.  Esth.  IX,  4  n^saca 
his  medal  (h.  text  tfaffl);  cmp.  attpiia. 


V.  "KT2. 

ntSG,  i7£pl2  f.  (b.  h. ;  n-j:)  couch,  bed,  frame,  bier. 
Ned.  Vli,  5,  v.T«feT3.  Ib.  56a,  a.'fr.  ir^a  rx  rtDtah,  v.  r,tz. 
Ib.b  a">b3b  niniTOn  'a  a  bed  designated  for  the  exhibit  of 
garments  (not  slept  upon);  Snh.  20a.  Ber.  HI,  1  'an  'Wfi 
those  carrying  the  bier;— nb^a  bttJ'a,  xrb'1b3'a,v.nr5, 
fitnVfca.—  Sabb.  47*  v.  tjlp  L—  PL  ttiua,  "a.  Ned.  56a;  a. 
fr.— Trnsf.  family,  offspring.  Lev.  B.  s.  36  iraa  nn^ttJ 
mafbC  his  bed  was  perfect,  his  children  were  all  right- 
eous;  Sifra  BTrack.,  Par.  2,  ch.  VIII.  Ber.  60b.  Pes.  56a 

b%S  "^raroa  iT11 Stae  perhaps  there  is  a  blemish  in 

my  family;  a.  e. 

T\W2  m.  (b.  h. ;  na:)  1)  staff.  Ab.  V,  6  'an  the  staff 
of  Moses.  Ex.  B.  s.  3  13  ''~Z-~r-  'an  the  staff  with  which 
thou  shalt  chastise  him.  Ib.  'the  signs  which  I  placed  in 
thy  hands'  (Ex.  TV,  21)  'an  nt  that  means  the  staff;  a. 
fr.— 2)  tribe.  Tosef.  B.  Hash.  HI  (H),  3  'ai  'a  bs  b?  raba 
three  notes  for  each  tribe;  Y.  Succ.  V,  55c. 


v.  naia. 





ffl2)Q  adv.  (b.  h.;  aa  fr.  HttJ,  a.  h  locale)  downward, 
(used  as  a  noun)  6e/ow.  Tanh.  B'shall.  23  b©  ttJK  nana 
'a  blB  .  , .  ,  Slbya  through  the  fire  from  above  were  his 
wheels  below  ignited;  (Yalk.  Ex.  235  IttabttJ  ...ibsabttJ,  v. 
infra).  Hag.  II,  1  (llb)  'ab  tVff\  hbyabfia  what  is  above 
(in  heaven)  and  what  is  below  (in  the  nether  woi'ld,Rashi : 
above  the  Hayoth,  below  the  Hayoth,  v.  PW1).  Tosef.  Ber. 

V,  5  Uairi  'ob  lb  ittjibtt)  he  who  is  the  third  in  rank  re- 
clines below  him  (v.  Sm.  Ant.  s.  v.  Triclinium);  a.  fr. — 
Euphem.  for  fibsa  in  order  to  avoid  a  blasphemous  ex- 
pression: B.  Kam.  79b  btt)  "jtlKl  .  .  .  'a  bttJ  yV  tW9  bl3"03 
'31  'a  he  treated,  if  one  may  say  so,  the  divine  eye  as  if 
did  not  see,  and  the  divine  ear  as  if  did  not  hear. — Frequ. 
•JOO.  Y.  Yoma  VII,  44b  'a  bffl  .  .  .  ',bya  b\15  ni1H»3  as  the 
service  in  heaven,  so  is  that  on  earth;  Lev.  B.  s.  21,  end 
(not  rvmiD).  Y.  E.  Hash.  II,  58b  *»btt5  Y'a  the  court  on 
earth;  a.  fr. 

rHnTOQ  f.  CUTO)  water  pipe  of  a  bath,  gutter.  Mikv. 

VI,  11;  Tosef.  ib.  V,  8.  lb.  VI,  4  '31  nbll)  'aia  ',aia  when 
the  gutter  of  the  bath  opens  into  private  ground.  —  PI. 
WhrjWD.   Tosef.  Erub.  XI  (VIII),  9. 

^UQ  f.  Coi)  inclining  (the  ear  &c),  favor.— 'n  T»  to 
ask  a  favor,  beg.  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XI,  8.  Targ.  Ps.  LXXII, 
12.— Yoma  87a  (in  Hebr.  diction.)  '31  'a  ffipaari  he  who 
begs  his  neighbor  (to  forgive  him).  —  'aa,  xnittaa  (cmp. 
TO)  I  pray.  Targ.  Y.  Gen.  XLHI,  20.  Targ.Y.I  ib.  XLIV, 
18*  Targ.Y.  Ex.  XXXII,  31;  a.  fr.— Yoma  72 b  13^">a  'an 
I  beg  of  you.  Snh.  97a  13*«3a  601*3  '03  ed.  (Ms.  M.  'an 
131131a);  a.  fr. 

1*11130  f.(b.h.jriiB)  yarn.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  LXXIII,  4. 

N*Wl"lT32  f.  (iiD  I)  spider.  Targ.  Job  VIII,  14  'a  13 
(Ms.  Krill-jaj  spiderweb. 

tito:,  v.  -m?. 

me£,  plumb-line.  Kel.  XII,-8  'Bla'a  Ar.  a.  Mish.  (some  ed. 
rV&Bteaj  ed.  Dehr.  nfijoioa;  Talm.  ed.  nb'oblBa);  Tosef. 
ib.  B.  Bath.  VII,  12  nibabBa.  Kil.  VI,  9  '31  mibh  'a  ibifcO 
(Ms.  M.  'biaa)  as  if  a  plumb-line  were  suspended  on  it 
(take  the  vertical  line). — 2)  stem  with  foliage  attached  to 
a  fruit.— PI.  hftofeo  (cmp.  RrYllbBto).  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  1, 39'1 
"ir?",riibl2iMaai)"1bai153S'1K  pine  cones  with  their  attachments 
(so  that  they  can  be  used  for  the  thyrsus,  v.  Sm.  Ant.  s. 
v.  Thyrsus). — 3)  (cmp.  rvbaa)  a  pad  or  cushion  made  of 
pieces  of  cloth.  Sabb.V,  3  'aa  ba5  KS"»  nb  the  camel  must 
not  be  taken  out  (on  the  Sabbath)  with  the  pad  on  his 
back;  expl.Y.ib.  7bbot.,v.i<n3i35.  Bab.ib.54a!-milJpn  'aa 
133ta  the  pad  tied  only  to  his  tail  (hence  liable  to  slide 
down);  Tosef.  ib.  IV  (V),  3  '31  rT*fcrYl  'an  with  the  pad 
hanging  (loosely  lying)  on  his  hump  to  let  the  air  strike 
through;  ib.  [read:]  13313  lb  mifflpri  'aa  KIM  XUli  b3S< 
'31  iniisnai.— Tarn.  V,  4  '31  'a  'pas  there  was  on  the  top 
of  the  lid  (of  the  coal  pan)  a  sort  of  pad  (with  which  to 
handle  it).  Tosef.  Sabb.  VI  (VII),  1  '31  'a  TOph  he  who 

ties  a  pad  to  his  hip  (a  superstitious  custom).—  P/.nibaiaa 
rvfttsbittS/  v.  supra. 

N*Tlt20,  Ber.44b,v.  HBII. 

TT  T      :      •  '  •   : 

bltDQ,  byU12  I  (btt,  ^B,  v.  bto^X;  cmp.  f»)  on  ac- 
count of ',' for  the  sake  of.  Targ.Y.  I  Num.  XXV,  8  "p^bx  'a 
on  account  of  these  persons.  Targ.  Ps.  XLIV,  27  (h.  text 
}S»b).— "*1  'a  because,  for.  Targ.  Ps.  I,  6.— R33T1  'a,  'On  'a 
therefore  (h.  p  by),  lb.  5.  [Ib.  4  S33in  'a  ed.  Wil.,  strike 
out  'a,  as  ed.  Lag.]— lb.  XLIX,  15 ;  a.  tr.—t^flxm  for  my 
sake,  Tjfjbliia  for  thy  sake,  &c.  Targ.  Prov.  VIII,  15,  sq. 
Ms.  (ed.WK  biaa !).— Targ.  Ps.  CXV,  1 ;  a.  fr. 

t^M  II  (b^lffi  l)m.(bbu)  moving,  march(=h.2tt). 
Targ.  0.  beut.  X,  11  (ed.  Berl.  ;aa),  v.  KiVBa  II. 

b^DlI 'm.h.  (bas)  handkerchief— PI.  ytyiak.  Yalk. 
Gen.  7 ;  Yalk.  Ps.  848  'aai  and  by  waving  handkerchiefs 
(for  salutation);  Gen.  R.  s.  5;  s.  28  "pVnsa,  "pbua  (corr 
ace.).— V.  "pbsiasa. 

blffi  III,  M^ISQ  (b*05  III,  «b*Oq,  "tag) 

m.  (bai)  1)  weight,  burden  (h.  &tisa).  Targ.  0.  Num.  XI, 
11  (ed.  Amst.  'a).  Targ.  ib.  IV,  27  (0.  ed.  Amst.  folfBB, 
read:  'baa).  [Ib.  24  bttfiab  ed.  Berl.,  biaab  ed.  Amst.;  Y. 
biaab,  infin.  of  bo?.]—  Targ.  Y.  I  ib.  XXV,  8  fcbfesj  "ja 
through  the  weight  (of  the  two  bodies);  a.  fr.— Y.  Hag. 
I,  77b  top  'a  nn .. ..  'pYDttD  yiini  pVwa  -,ib  "pyaa  -pin 
they  (the  Romans)  made  them  carry  loads  (on  the  Sab- 
bath), and  they  (the  Jews)  arranged  it  so  that  each  two 
persons  should  carry  one  load. — P/."pbiaa.  Targ.Is.XLVI, 
1. — Y.  Hag.  1.  c. — 2)  burden  of  prophecy.  Targ.  Is.  XXI,  1 
Rashi  biaa  (ed.  baa);  Y.  Taan.  IV,  69b  top  &013153 31'a 
a  heavy  burden  of  prophecy  (charge)  against  Arabia. 
V.  ttbaa. 

rbubinq,  v.  nbaiaa. 

JtfFplTOO  f.  1)  booth,  v.  w^baa.— 2)  (with  suff.  of 
personal  pronoun)  on  account  of,  v.  b^aa. 

,  v.  Mia  I. 

N&"©1B52,  v.  msbtvd. 

SHED  or  StlO?  m.  (MB  I,  v.  Targ.  Y.  Gen.  XV,  6) 
rebellion,  reproach.  Targ.  Job  I,  22  'a  "»bia  Ar.  s.  v.  IIB 2 
(ed.  iana,  iBMa,  fr.  Nan  II,  sinful  words ;  h.  text  nbsr). 

KEl^HED,  v.  wnrnm 

T    T     T      :     -  t    :  -   : 

|N-2I3  m.  Ojna)  grinding  mill  for  olives.  Ex.  R.  s. 
36,  beg." 

SST1T20  f.  (Mail;  cmp.  MI-id  Ps.  LI,  8)  kidney,  loin. 
Gitt.  69b'  'Sl'nipiraa'W-lX  (Ar.  ed.  Koh.  Knnaa,  some  ed. 
fctrxnaa)  on  this  (his)  loin  and  ...  on  the  other  loin. 




iltana,  v.  ibm 

"T2I2S,  C^S)  pr.n.(=V"-~--,  redupl.  of  133,  v. 
x~33)  [Chief  of  the  Service,]  Mattatron  (Mittatron),  name 
of  the  chief  of  the  angels  (corresp.  to  B^sn  1*0).  Targ. 
Y.  I  Gen.  V,  24  Wl  X~£3  -:  M.,  the  chief  recorder.— 
Snh.  38b  (ref.  to  Ex.  XXTV,  1,  cmp.  Targ.  Y.  a.  1.)  "3Va  nt 
that  is  M.  whose  name  is  like  that  of  his  master  (with 
ref.  to  Ex.  XXIII,  21,  cmp.  Eashi  a.  L).  Hag.  15a  tJ»  XTn 
2*  Ms.M.(ed.  repeatedly  "1"3)  saw  M.  to  whom  permission 
.riven  to  be  seated  while  writing  down  &c.  Ab.  Zar. 
:  N--X  r-"3-x  Ms.  M.  (ed.  ^a)  if  yon  choose,  say  it 
wa<  M.  (that  instructed  the  children).  Lam.B.  introd.  (B. 
Joh.  1)  W  htm  'z  X3  M.  came  and  fell  upon  his  face.  Sifre 
Deut.  338  [read:]  '=*  nKIB  '"  rrr,  ""Z^XB  with  his  (Moses') 
finger  Melatron  pointed  out  to  Moses  &c. ;  Talk.  ib.  949 
(v.  — j-j-;j.   [Gen.  E.  s.  5,  v.  lioo^a] 

"U  r>  &*«»  ""■??  (=t.  K2B)  1)  to  stretch,  reach;  to 
arrive  at;  to  obtain;  to  happen  to.  Targ.  Gen.  XI, 4  (Y.  II 
■«38a).  Targ.  0.  ib.  X,  19  (h.  text  rata).  Targ.  II  Kings 
XIX,  26.  Targ.  Koh.  VIII,  14;  a.  fr.— Targ.  Esth.  V,  2 
[read :]  ~~";  ?~z~.  and  it  (the  scepter)  reached  her  hand 
(▼.  Meg.  15b) .— Snh.  109a  '31  wA  'z  "O  when  he  arrived 
at  a  certain  inn.  Keth.  63a  iTQi-b  X"^^  "3  when  she  came 
near  him.  Ib.  W  m'zvz  'z  the  eve  of  the  Day  of  Atone- 
ment came.  E.  Hash.  1 2b  rVTOBa  r,z  'ZZ"\  yitTfi  1"X  "'OX  1"X 
W  said  E.  A.  in  the  name  of  E.  Job.,  and  they  arrived 
in  the  chain  of  tradition  up  to  'in  the  name  of  E.J.  the 
Galilean'  (an  editorial  gloss).  Y.Ber.HI,6atop,a.  fr.  tTTOO 
c:-X  an  accident  (mourning)  befell  him.  Y.  PeahVHI,  end, 
-  "T'j-nand  so  it  happened  to  him  (as  he  had  wished). 
Ib. '31  b*3"B  'z  xbl  and  he  had  no  chance  to  dine  with  him. 
Y.  Snh.  VI,  23c;  Y.  Hag.  II,  77d  bot.  xbl  X^a  tQO  TO 
'  z  wanted  to  fetch  water  but  could  not.  Ib.  78s  top  bs 
z-  --:-.  v.  x:-t.  [Ib.  '31  TOSi  ■*»  b3,  read:  ptO  in  bs 
•tfl  let  each  of  us  do  &c]  Y.  Keth.  IV,  28b  top  nns^BB 
'z-  -:x~  -xnb  thou  hast  found  that  which  E...  said;  ib. 
VXWnm.— Hag.  5a  Xlp  ^xnb  'a  'z  when  he  came  to  this 
verse.  Snh.  100a  *y\  735"  ~'~z  ~z  when  (in  preparing  wrap- 
pers for  the  scrolls)  they  came  to  the  roll  of  Esther;  a. 
v.  fr.  — [Hull.  132a  top  !p*B0  we  or  they  (the  words  of 
the  text)  have  reached  thee,  agree  with  thee,  Eashi;  v. 
x:"jl.]— 2)  (sub.  ftfrinra  or  Mam)  to  be  ripe,  ready.  Hag. 
1.  c.  '31  13B1  ~:n  p*BB."  he  left  those  (figs)  which  were  ripe 
and  plucked  those  which  were  not.  Hull.  112a  XBB  !"!Xmn 
the  lower  portion  was  ready  (roasted). 

Af.  ibbx  to  cause  to  reach;  to  fetch,  bring,  offer.  [Targ. 
Y.  II  Gen.  XI,  4  %:bb  part,  pass.,  v.  supra.]  Targ.  Y.  ib. 
XXVII,  25.  Targ.  0.' Lev.  IX,  12;  a.  fr.— B.  Kam.  117a  '•tl 
)inz  ■'-■CXI  take  it  up  and  hand  it  over  (to  the  King's 
treasury)  in  our  presence ;  '31  'XI  XII  he  did  take  it  up 
&c.  Ib.  119b,  a.  e.  m  ""inxi  ^"IMBX  (not  ^IBBX)  is  leading 
the  needle  forth  and  bringing  it  home  one  stitch  (=h. 
x--rv  "pVtt)?  B.Bath.  21a  '31  ',:rzzz  xb,  v.  XpT«-  I.  Keth. 
1031'  sq.  '=1  'sb  VffWM  they  took  him  to  Sepphoris 
which  lies  high.   Gen.  B.  s.  14,  beg.;  ib.  20  X3X  yu'W  ]Z 

yzb  "1?O0  from  your  own  language  I  will  offer  (proof)  to 
you;  a.  fr. 

Ithpe.  "oanx  to  repair  to.  Targ.  0.  Num.  XXIII,  15; 
a.  fr. 

8&BBJQ,  v.  Mxna. 

T  :     :     -  t  :     • 

aDDsq  ftra  fjsn,  no...)  m.  ^44  ,». 

Y.  Kil.  iX,  32a  top  'a  'I'i'liUil  shirayin  (Mish.  ib.  IX,  2)  is 
silk.  Sabb.  20b,  v.r,S3.  Y.  B.  Mets.  IV,  9C  bot.  'ab  fttm  3TP 
gave  an  earnest  money  on  silk.  Lev.  E.  s.  34  information 
was  brought  against  them  'a  'pin3...l3  that  they  dealt 
in  silks  (v.  Sm.  Ant.  s.  v.  Sericum).  B.  Kam.  117b  XMn 
':■  ' -X  "'inxi  one  informed  (the  royal  officers)  of  the  silk 
goods  of  E.  A.; — PI.  VtXJIJU,  'Z'Z,  ~zz~z,  'pBB.  Targ. 
Esth.  I,  6  (h.  text  "IB).— Gen!  E.  s.  40  BVP  X3X  'al  I  am 
willing  to  pay  the  duty  on  silk  goods.  Y.  B.  Kam.  VI, 
end,  5C  xba  Wl  'a  it  (the  bag)  contained  silk  goods.  Gen. 
E.  s.  77,  v.  xb^na;  Cant.  E.  to  HI,  6;  a.  fr. 

^  ^."Q  m.  (;?:)  javelin  for  thrusting.  Targ.  I  Sam.  XVH, 
6  (h.  text  "JIT'S).— PL  K^BO.  Targ.  Job  XL,  18  Ms.  (ed. 
X'.'-zz,  Eegia  xr-lbBB;  h.  text  l^BO). 

Sv"£l22  m.,  constr.  baa  (v.  blaalH)  imposed  destiny, 
burden  of  prophecy.  Targ.  Is.  XIIT,  l  (h.  text  Xtta).  Targ. 
II  Kings  IX,  25.  Targ.  Is.  XXI,  1  (Kimhi  "jb-JB,  V.  K&M; 
Eashi  blBa);  a.  fr. 

tt:  t    -    :  tt:- 

5^5  h3/Q  m.  (z\i:  I)  shade,  cover.  Targ.Y.  Num.  XIV,  14. 

"]1503  m.  (bb-j,  v.  bzb-J;  cmp.  Jer.  XXII,  26)  exile, 
place  of  banishment.  Num.  E.  s.  7  'f'tt  M3  bttJ  'a  the  place 
of  exile  for  those  condemned  to  banishment.  Deut.  E.  s. 
2;  ib.  s.  6,  v.  1~-J. 

71  'J  i"I2u  f.  (diminutive  of  n^baa)  a  small  patch. — 
PL  ttt*ytbf3Q,  v.  r'b-jz. 

Sr"^"^Q  f.  f>»)  l)  javelin,  v.  b'ja.— 2)  thrusting.— 
*,i33X  mhzi-z  stoning  to  death,v.  xrsibisx.  Targ.Y.  Ex. XXXI, 
15;  a.  e. 

STJT^D  m.  (babB)  1)  exile,  homeless.— PL  x^b/jb-j". 
Targ.  Mic.  IV,  6,  sq.;  Targ.  Zeph.  HI,  19  (h.  text  nrbs.1). 
—2)  (mostly  pi.)  "zSysz,  'BT3=next  w.  Yeb.  99a  'a  X133 
'31  'al  a  slave  is  chattel,  and  chattel  (in  E.  Mei^s  opinion) 
is  seizable  for  widowhood;  Keth.  81 b  '31  xb  fQWOb  '31 
and  chattel  is  not  seizable  &c. ;  a.  fr. 

"J"  V2  "  "5D,  4WD  m.  pi.  (bdbo)  movable  goods,  chattel, 
opp.Spipa  immovable  propert\-.  Kidd.  26b;  B.  Bath.  156b 
~z~r,  'z  ",5  "-  had  a  large  fortune  in  movables.  B.  Mets. 
llb,  v.  2SX.  Tosef.  Kidd.  I,  8,  sq.  B.  Mets.  IV,  1  "p:ip  'z  b= 
'31  nt  all  movables  (exchanged)  buy  each  other,  i.  e.  tak- 
ing possession  by  the  one  gives  possession  to  the  other 
party ;  a.  v.  fr. 

»OTD,  v.  Brtsan 





rpb'JD,  Lam.  R.  to  III,  7,  v.  HtyfO. 

SSTlwIDP  f.  (bVj)  protection,  shade.  Targ.  O.  Lev. 
XXIII,  43  Ms.  (v.  Bed.  Targ.  0.  II,  p.  37),  v.  M$baa. 

I"pbnG  f.  (nVj)  patch,  strip;  lining.  Kel.  XXVII,  12 
'31  niyin  'a  S]S  even  a  new  piece  of  that  stuff.  Y.Meg.  I,71d 
top  'an  "pbial  and  is  mended  by  underlining  a  patch.  Gen. 
K.  s.  4,  beg.  S">p*lb  'a  niW1  let  there  be  made  a  lining  to 
the  firmament  (be  made  stronger).  Kel.  XXVI,  2  T*bs>  nba 
nfeCfflh  nx  (R.  S.  nibaa)  if  he  underlined  the  bag.  Tosef. 
OhoLXIV,  6 ;  Zeb.  94a ;  a.  fr.— Trnsf.  a  strip  of  land.  Lam. 
R,  to  III,  7  (ref.  to  "H2>n  mi,  ib.)  '31  bU3  'a  It  (not  il^CJa) 
that  means  the  Samaritan  enclave  (between  Galilee  and 
Judaea).—  PI.  ni^aa.  Ib.  introd.,  end  'a  'a  nnix  yisnm 
they  planted  the  land  by  strips  (not  the  whole  at  a  time); 
Y.  Keth.  XII,  35b  top  nsnu»  nn^n  'a  'a  the  land  was  burn- 
ed up  strip-wise;  Y.  Kil.  IX,  32c;  Pesik.  Dibre,  p.  114a; 
(Yalk.  Dan.  1066  rYP3boa).  Lam.  R.  introd.  (R.  Abbahu  3, 
ref.  to  Ez.  XXIV,  6)  Qibia  ltl  'a  'a  they  were  exiled  by 
districts  (not  all  at  once);  Yalk.  Ez.  362.— Dimin.  rv^aa, 
rv^Vja;  pi.  WDib-ja.'baa.  Sabb.  I25a  '3i  ",nn  'pwB  'a  (Ar. 
ni^aa)  strips  of  less  than  three  square  handbreadths ; 
Succ.  16a;  B.  Bath.  20a;  a.  e.  — Yalk.  Dan.  1066,  v.  supra. 

#yyj!2,  STJD  m.  f>te  I)  shelter,  hut,  booth.  Targ. 
Ps.  X^  9  (Ms.  KVfva).— Y.  Succ.  Ill,  beg.  53°  &6&B  rVfc  T&S 
'31  put  up  a  festive  booth  for  himself  in  the  street. — PI. 
X'baa  (N^aa).  Targ.  0.  Lev.  XXIII,  42  (ed.  Amst.  rYjbaa, 
corr.  ace).  Targ.  II  Sam.  XI,  11;  a.  fr. 

RTubUD,  NDbtQQ  f.  same.  Targ.  Is.  I,  8.  Targ. 
Jon.  iV,  5.  Targ.  Y.Lev.  XXIII,  42  ;  a.  e.  — Constr.  nb'Ja 
(nVaa).  Targ.  0.  ib.  43  rfsoa  (Ms.  I  n^Vja,  III  t^tttt 
pi.).  Targ.  Is.  IV,  6.  —  Esp.  festive  booth,  Succah.  Succ. 
3"  'bbaal  xaiSN  Ms.  M.  (ed.  anbiaa,  anbaa,  v.  Rabb.  D. 
S.  a.  1.  note)  at  the  entrance  of  the  Succah.  Ib.  28b  'an  in 
the  Succah,  'aa  in  without  the  Succah  (in  the  house  &c). 
Y.  M.  Kat.  Ill,  82a  '31  rr*$B0  PWl  if  his  (the  mourner's) 
Succah  is  small;  a.  fr. —  [Treat.  S'mah.  ch.  XI,  end  Xribaa 
Xa*i3*l  the  watchman's  hut  in  the  vineyard — a  mistaken 
gloss  to  ^^IIX,  which  found  its  way  into  the  text;  v. 
M.  Kat.  27a,  a.  T^**.]— PL  SXtym,  "jlbBO.  Targ.  O.  Lev. 
1.  c,  v.  supra.  Targ.  Gen.  XXXIII,  17  (Y.'  *,Vja). 

SD  J10l12  I  m.  javelin,  v.  baa. 

fcO^DlQ  II  m.  (bbia,  Vj3,  cmp.  I'ftaa)  journey  (h.  i'&a). 
[Targ.Is.XXI,l  ',b"jaKimhi,  v.  xbua.)— PI. "pabaa,  constr. 
■»At30.   Targ.  Num!  XXXIII,  1 ;  a.  fr. 

fPDTjQ  f.  diminutive  of  mbaa,  q.  v. 

SST1^^12D  f.  (2>ba)  limping.  Keth.  103b  (to  Levy  who 
was  lame)  ^nsbaabl  "jb  fcO"*1X  do  we  need  thee  and  thy 
limping  (lame  remark)? 

rfcoa,  v.  rrtoo. 

TMT2Q,  'UPD  m.  (aaa)  jfce/inc,  t*se  of  the  root  aia. 
Tosef.  B.  Mets.  VI,  18  (ref.  to  tStffi,  p8.  XV,  5)  '31  ntn  'art 
(ed.  Zuck.  aia^an)  we  know  not  in  what  sense  this  'de- 
cline' is  meant;  Y.  ib.  V,  end,  10d  'aa^an;  [Yalk.  Ps.  665 
'31  ais'rt  this  yimmot  &c.]. 

"pQIQQ  m.  (b.h. ;  "jaw)  secret  chamber,  treasury;  treas- 
ure.—PI.  eroia-ja.  Num.R.  s.  9  'an  -pnb . . .  lb^nrn  the 
inhabitants  of  the  city  began  to  put  their  gold  and  silver 
in  the  secret  chambers  of  the  fortress;  Tanh.Naso5.  Lev. 
R.  s.  1  'an  "bin  he  goes  (to  her)  through  secret  walks 
(of  the  palace),  v.  next  w.  Cant.  R.  to  I,  1,  v.  iZJSn;  a.  e. 

rPjlQDEl  f.  (preced.)  secrecy— PI.  rTV^iaaa.  Tosef. 
Dem.  II,  9  'an .  .mn  (Var.  ni3laaan,  rWfraooa,  corr.  ace.) 
if  they  repent  in  secret,  opp.  fcOCmsn;  Ab.  Zar.7a;  Bekh. 
31a.— Lam. R., introd.  (R.  Josh.l)'an  "jm!*  "piniS  TVl  (some 
ed.  FYTOaiian)  they  worshipped  idols  in  secret;  Yalk.  Ez. 
348.— Gen.  R.  s.  52  'an  "bin  he  goes  to  her  in  secret;  ib. 
s.  74  (v.  preced.).  Ib.  s.  17  'an  nab  why  did  he  do  it  se- 
cretly (while  Adam  was  asleep)? — Pesik.  R.  s.  8  whatever 
a  man  does  '31  "jttjnn  'an  in  secret,  in  the  dark  or  openly ; 
Yalk.  Prov.  959.  Pesik.  R.  1.  c.  rYV'OaaanO  whatever  is 
hidden  in  the  secret  chambers  (of  the  heart) ;  a.  e. 

rD"lQt2D  f.  (preced.)  treasure  in  charge.  Snh.  100b 
(quot.  fr.  Ben  Sira)  SOU)  'a  n^njrtb  nn  a  daughter  is  to  her 
father  a  false  treasure  (causing  anxiety). — PI.  rii's3iaaa. 
Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  CXIX,  17.— V.  preced. 

asfinog,  v.  *&$. 

fcCV^lEIGQ,  Y.  B.  Bath.  VI,  end,  15c,  v.  Htf^OOq. 

fctH'OGiQ  m.  fiaa)  1)  hiding  place.  Targ.  Is.  XXXII, 
14.— T2)  hidden  object.— PI.  "piaiSO.  Targ.  Ob.  6;  Targ. 
Jer.  XLIX,  10  (some  ed.  '"laaa). 

^r^HIQTDQ  f.  (preced.)  hiding  place,  hidden  place. 
Targ.  "is.  XXII,  8  (h.  text  ~0a).— PI.  Kn^iaaa.  Targ. 
I  Sam.  XXIII,  23  (not  "niaja;  h.  text  d^nna).    Targ. 

Jud.  VI,  2  (not  "niaaa ;  h.  text  niinsa). 

T2UOQ,  Nithpa.  aaaans  (contr.  of  asaasa,  v.  a?a) 
to  be  crumbled,  reduced  to  atoms.  Erub.80b,  v.  a?a Nithpa. 

UOUQ  oh.(v.a*ffi)fo  make  shaky.  Part,  pass.f.naaaaa. 
Lam.  R. 'introd.  (R.  Han.  2)  (expl.  niSia,  Prov.  XXV,  19) 
'a  bll  a  wavering  walk;  v.  fcOSla. 

yrnffla,  v.  *?»». 

ET^DED,  v.  nisiaaa. 

N3JGI3Q,  SISjiataa  m.  (BOB)  sinking;  (with  K»a») 
sunsel;''uesi.  Targ.Y.Deut.  XI,30(ed.  Amst.  xsnaa).  Ib. 
XXI,  23  riaaa.  Targ.Ps.  CXIII,  3.  —  PI.  'psiaavpraaa, 
"^aSJO.  Y.  il.  Hash.  II,  end,  58b  yWOOB  T^  (corr.  ace.) 
fourteen  sunsets.  Gen.  R.  s.  63  '31  Ka*P  "Waaa  D9  Ar.  (ed. 
■\::"3a  corr.  ace.)  on  Friday  at  sunset. 




SHOES,  v.  ffniaaa. 
]®2,  v.  mm 

mana,  v. »». 

t  :     -    :  'i-  : 

3?  1230  m.  (b.  h.;  SM)  plantation.  Y.  Kil.  IV,  beg.  29a 
VH3.  313  91302  X3\M  RTffi  provided  it  was  originally  a  large 
vine  plantation.  Lev.  R.  s.  25  nVttTl  '323  ttVtf  IpDJTlfl  X? 
as  the  first  thing  be  engaged  in  nothing  but  planting; 
a.  e. 

H2I20,  rC?t2Df.  1)  same.  Gen.E.  s.  15,  beg.;  Midr. 
Till,  to  Ps.  CIV,  16  yr&on  pSKattn  they  (the  cedars)  shall 
enjoy  their  transplantation.  Gen.  R.  s.  30  Q"m-0  KPtta 
plantation  of  vineyards.  Cant.  R.  to  II,  3  313  h®  n"3"23 
(prob.  fiWlsaa  pi.)  like  the  rows  of  plants  in  a  vineyard. 
Midr.  Sam.  ch.  XXVIII  fcW  -p^tTQ  Tjnsaa  whence  is  thy 
origin?  — 2)  cultivated  state,  opp.  pFfln.  Y.  Kil.  IV,  end, 
29c  in?B3a  inr  more  than  when  it  is  cultivated.  Midr. 
Sam.  ch.  XXV  '31  nSEp:  "tf«B  nSKO  rtHTl  miTi;  he  saw  his 
(Saul's)  plantation  cut  down  (his  descendants  put  to  death, 
v.  II  Sam.  ch.  XXI),  and  did  not  worry  about  it  &c. ;  Yalk. 
Ps.  765  bV*U  (corr.  ace). 

NPO^EO,  Mr}  • . .  f.  (nrj)  exhilarating  effect  of 
the  wine.  Y.  Gitt.  Ill,  end,  45lj  "2»1tl  UWo  (the  distinc- 
tion between  "j'ih  and  1W">a  is  made)  on  account  of  its 
effect;  Y.  B.  Bath.  VI,  end,  15c  *y»aO  (corr.  ace). 

ST^.EO  f-  (n?3)  [leading  astray,]  prostitute.  Targ. 
Lev.  XXI,  7  (some  ed.  &t*3»a).  Targ.  Y.  I  Gen.  XXXIV,  31 
fci^DO.— K,  v.  next  w.' 

Nrn2oo  f-  same>  Targ-  Y  Gen  XXXVIII)  21)  sq 

Targ.  Y.  Deut.  XXIII,  19.— PI.  KrY*SBa.  Targ.  Y.  Num. 
XXIV,  14.  Targ. Y. Gen.  XLII,  9  (not'^-JO).  lb.  12  W^^Oa 
constr.  (not  '>..). 

**O^OOf.  C0?1?)  savory,  refreshing.   Targ.  Hab.1,16 

(h.  text  nie^Q). 

i\72s^!2m.  (preced.)  refreshment.  Y.  Snh.II,20cbot. 
rTBJJDS  Tr**  (corr.  ace.)  bring  refreshment  (for  the  mour- 
ner)—[which  may  also  mean  good  cheer,  whence  the 
reply:  'send  and  get  Menahem  &c.']. 

"O2120,  Gen.  R.  s.  63,  v.  KSaBB. 

'  t  :    :   • 

TlTrlZs'JZ  f.  ch.=nextw.  Y.Ned.  VIII,  beg.  40d  Kin 
'31 /-2  the  partaking  of  food  for  the  sake  of  tasting  requires 
no  benediction,  nor  is  it  subject  to  laws  about  robbery  &c. 

i  iyQ!^ta372  f.  (taso)  tasting.  Ber.  u*  nana nsisa ns-ix  'a, 

v.  preced. 

nnSi^H  f.  (b.  h.;  hfiall)  towel,  apron  (for  wiping 
moist  hands);  in  gen.  bandage,  wrap.  Tosef.  Hag.  Ill,  2 
■inrTBoa  his  apron;  Hag.  II,  7.  Kel.XXIV,  14  S^T  ^('"2) 
towel,  EHISG  b»  bands  for  scrolls;  "pisri  SwJS  bands  around 
shrouds;  fft  ■«3  "^33  bttl  and  the  wraps  of  the  musical 
instruments  of  the  Levites  (Maim.) ;  (oth.  vers.  TW&n  S>ttJ 

'31  ">b33  bands  used  for  tying  up  the  instruments  &c).  lb. 
XXVIH,  5  '50  nxU32>ttJ  n&3  a  bag  of  a  bolster  which  was 
changed  into  a  plain  sheet;  a.  fr. — PL  nintfpa.  lb. XXIV, 
14  '31  )n  'a  tt&ttJ  there  are  three  kinds  of  mitpahoth,  v. 
supra.  Snh.  100a  (in  Chald.  diet.)  T3  D">1£3  ninsu"?  i3pna 
'31  i3"i  Ms.  M.  were  fitting  up  wraps  for  the  books  in  the 
house  of  &c.    Kil.  IX,  3;  a.  fr. 

Sr^DlDQ  f.  pi.  (i£a  II,  cmp.  fiBUB)  drippings.  Lam. 
R.  to  I,  1  *<n31  (ima  in  7)  'a  p  from  the  nature  of  the 

opag,  bgqo,  v.  0pa. 

SCp"— 0  sz7/c,  v.  Kbaaa. 

T»:     -     :  '  t  :   -  : 

HI20  m.  (b.  h.;  11a  to  drip;  cmp.  Iia)  rain.  Taan.6b 
(ref.  to  TBJJjB,  Am.  IV,  7)  'a  Bipa  xnn  it*  will  be  a  place 
where  the  rain  will  stand  (in  pools).  lb.  9a  "Pn^  ^3^33  % 
rain  is  sent  for  the  sake  of  au  individual ;  a.  fr. 

I  —  ->  Hif.  I^an  (b.  h. ;  denom.  of  preced.)  to  let  rain. 
Tanh.  ed.  Bub.,  B'shall.  20  '31  TWaa.  *Y*n  I  let  rain 
bread  &c. 

HOO  ch.,  Af.  lasx  same.  Targ.  Y.  Gen.  II,  5.  Targ. 
0.  ib.  XIX,  24. 

SHEO,  SHEn0  ch.  =  h.  VMS.  Targ.  O.  Gen.  II,  5. 
Targ.Job  XXXVII,  11  (h.  textilixi);  a.  v.  fr.— Sabb.  651'; 

Bekh.  55  M) VOtXfca  hi  that  rain  fell  in  the  West 

(Palestine),  the  Euphrates  is  the  great  witness  (when  the 
Euphrates  rises,  it  indicates  that  Palestine  has  had  rain). 
Taan.  6a  '31  nb?3  "a,  v.  K53S;  a.  fr—  PI.  •plaa,"'}?.  Targ.  Y. 
Gen.  XIX,  24.  Targ.  Ps.  LXV,  10  Ms.  (ed.  sing.).— Taan.  9b 
STWia''a  ilplUa  their  rains  are  faithless  (the  signs  of  rain 
are  deceptive).  fp'JBU,  f+ffQ  womb,  v.  f*TB*Ta] 

TT-  T  TT~  t    ■- 

t\\  IwD  m.  (*TTB;  cmp.  Arab.  mt£rrt<7,  hasta  brevis)  Me 
hunter's  spear.  Targ.Y.  II  Gen.  XXXVI,  39  (play  on  Traa, 
ib.)  '31  '223  19%  tvm  S033  ('Rashi'  to  Gen.  R.  s.  83  quotes: 

rr^ona  tfceb  mni  x^iia  xnsa,  read :  'aa  *sb)  a  (busy) 

man,  for  all  his  life-time  he  worked  with  the  hunting 
spear ;  Y.  I  XniTlD31  '223  with  hunting  spear  and  with 
net;  Targ.  I  Chr.  I,  50  S«Tni031  S<r«"J-23. 

fcO'lT.SQ,  r0"lTiQ/G  f.(matrona)rwa£ro»,farfy(mostly 
used  of  Roman  women  of  quality).  Gen.  R.  s.  41,  beg.,  a. 
e.,  v.  fOToVja.  Ib.  s.  52  *S  n^as  he  raised  her  to  the  rank 
of  a  lady  (who  is  protected  from  the  gaze  of  men,  v. 
nD3  II).  Ex.  R.  s.  44  '31  "Q  n&M!»l  . .  .  I"&HB  he  took  her 
for  wife  and  made  her  a  lady  and  gave  her  a  chain  &c. 
Gen.  R.  s.  4;  a.  fr.— PI.  rwhafcj  ni^sil^a,  v.  next  w. 

rPDTTJQ  f.  (preced.)  lady-like.  Ex.  R.  s.  3  nnx  nnE'J 
'a  a  maid,  opp.  n^SJls  a  negress  (slave).  In  gen.  lady. 
Num.  R.  s.16  (not  an-cna^);  a%e.— PL nraiiaa.  Y.Ned. 

Ill,  end,  38b  '31  nWTOO  ^tib  b'^3  (not  "Vdb)  this  is  to 
be  compared  to  two  ladies  meeting  one  another  (in  car- 




riages).  Ex.  R.  s.  19  niaYl  nisi'isa  TUB  ed.  Wil.  (oth.  ed. 
nTO  . . .)  two  ladies  apparently  of  equal  rank.  Sifre  Deut. 
317  (ref.  to  Deut.  XXXII,  14  'with  the  fat  of  &c.)  'a  ■&* 
CfiblB  this  alludes  to  their  (the  Roman)  ladies  (living  in 
luxury) ;  a.  fr. 

XiTi'1J,nPJ3  oh.  same.  Hull.  105b.  Ned.  50a  hot.  |tfl 
'a  and  (he  hecame  rich)  through  a  husiness  affair  with 
M  matron  (v.  comment.).  Kidd.40a;  a.  e.—  PI.  ar^SVVJa. 
Targ.  Esth.  11,14  (not"<3...;  h.  text  d^UJSbS).  Targ.  II  Chr. 
XXXV,  25  (h.  text  tthtf !). 

*|"0"|j3T")12p  f.  (ftrjtpOKoXlO  mctropolis,capital ;  city. 
Meg.  6a  Q^sVa'blB  'a  WWW  . . .  "HOp  IT  that  is  Caesarea . . 
for  she  hecame  the  residence  of  (the  Roman)  governors ; 
Lam.  R.  to  I,  5  [read :]  'a  "pap  rVWW  (strike  out  "p^B^m) 
Caesarea  became  &c.  Gen.  R.  s.  92  '31  WMl  tnOQ  it  was 
a  metropolis  and  you  say,  'they  returned  to  the  town'! ; 
a.  fr.— [Gen.  11.  s.  42,  v.  O^ViBinni^X.] 

K0BT"O3,  v.  #x>w&. 
T\T\T£Dt  v.  mjga. 

*THT3Q  m.  rtn»)  funnel.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.Mets.III,  12 
'31  ■plB3ttj''a  (ed.  Zuck.  1*1B3tt3)  a  funnel  which  is  broken 
into  or  the  pipe  of  which  is  off. 

"jnHIQD  womb,  v.  IftBfy. 

■pbwreau  v.  rpisn-jrp. 

m&WlED,  Sifre  Deut.  204,  v.  pDMShW. 

ETChtDD,  v.  rvsTnoa, 

J$DT£Dm.  =  XB*pI,  leaf.— PI  constr.  iFiaa.  Targ. 
Y.  Gen.*IlI,*7. 

l^bTC^nQ,  v.  •ppiB'h'ja.— [Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  XXXVI, 

v.  aiJBiVap.] 

TI"£Hr£)Q,  Tosef.  Ohol.  XVin,  13,  v.  Tityntf??. 

^DSllSp/liSPQ  m.  (WHS,  Pales  ottfta)  debt  matur- 
ed for  collection  by  seizure;  'xb  bpB  to  get  one's  due,  to 
be  punished.  Pes.  57b  . . .  W4  rrfepttfcn  Warn  "fha 
'21  FWa  M*ty>y9^  .  ■  blessed  be  the  Lord  who  caused 
Issachar  ...  to  receive  his  due  at  his  (the  king's)  hand  in 
this  world;  (Ms.  M.  KM"HBB^..,  'ur^n^ptfh;  Yalk.Lev. 
469  rVWO'na!)  "01B1B11  rTfcplFT,  read:  IDWl*);  Ker.  28b 

rrwnoals  *&k  rH&pwi.  Yeb.  iosb  r^os^-jab  131  tvtyni 

Rabbi  received  his  due  (it  served  him  right).    Snh.  21a 
nosna^  te'va  JiF&plB  Michal  received  her  due. 

&S£TLjE  m.  (pn-j  I)  goad,  whip.  Yoma  23a  (expl.  fcOla) 
'21  •W""»l'  a-pup  'a  Ar.  (ed.  omit  fcO-Cp)  a  plaited  whip 
of  the  Arabs  the  head  (sting)  of  which  is  taken  off.  lb. 
77a  'al  SOClDa  KaVn  Ar.  a.  Ms.  M.  2  (Ms.  M.l  'a"l;  ed. 
Vp&TStS,  corr.  ace.)  perhaps  yahef  (II  Sam.  XV,  30)  means 
without  horse  and  whip? 

S^Hffi,  '03»  fcPlSDf.  (n-js)  l)  (=h.  rvnatja,  twja, 

rniapX)  service,  post,  watch,  guard.  Targ.  0.  Num.  Ill,  36 
1-Ja,  v.  "IBja.  Targ.  Is.  XXI,  8.  Targ.  II  Kings  XI,  5.  Targ. 
I  Chr.  XVIII,  17.  Targ.  0.  Deut.  XVIII,  8  the  division  on 
duty  (h.  text  msaa).  Targ.  Ex.  XIV,  24  (Bxt.  WWJB;  h. 
text  maiBX). — 'a  rVB  prison.  Targ.  Gen.  XL1I,  17;  19 ;  a. 
fr.— Lam.  R.  introd.  (R.  Abba  2)'a  C*l  the  chief  of  the  city 
guard.— PI.  tfn'TOa,  W}intt8,  "J^-ja,  'J'ltta.  Targ.  I  Chr. 
IX,  22.  Targ.  II  Kings  XI,  18.  TaVg.  Ps.LXIII,  7  (ed.Wil. 
sing.;  h.  text  nilaiTN);  a.  e.— V.  "jinatfa. — 2) safe,  leather 
bag.— PI.  «rhogtV«yinW3.  Ab.Zar.lOb  'aB  ..IT'S  "TO  rTtfl 
'si  (Rashi  in  early  ed».  KriK'jKtfa,  wyiwsa,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S. 
a.  1.  note  80)  he  sent  him  gold  dust  in  bags  and  wheat  on 
top.  Keth.  110a  ^  nab  'a  "©IBM  why  change  bags  (of 
equal  weight  from  one  side  of  the  animal  to  the  other)?, 
i.  e.  let  the  two  accounts  balance  each  other. 

"'Q  I,  -"a,  ""la  from,  of;  because,  v.  -a. 

*T2  II  h.  (b.h.)  1)  who?;  which?;  he  who.  M.Kat. 
16b  '31  K*i1p  "a  fiNI  Ms.  M.  (ed.  omit  nxi)  see  who  calls 
thee  outside.  Keth.  64b  ^a  DK  "CUB  ^a  which  hires  which?, 
i.  e.  which  (of  the  two)  hires  and  which  is  hired?  B.  Bath. 
IX,  1  '31  naa  "va  he  who  (if  one)  died  and  left  &c.  lb. 
VI,  7  '31  TYl  rirVrlTB  "a  he  through  whose  field  there  is  a 
public  passage.  lb.  6  '31  na^J  lb  WttJ  "<a  he  who  has  a 
garden  &c. ;  a.  v.  fr— (Chald.)  Ab.  Zar.  41b  irVwn  "HST"  ^a 
Ms.  M.  (ed.  np^BI)  who  can  say  (how  do  we  know)  that 
he  cancelled  it?  — 2)  [who  will?,]  Oh  that!  Sot.  V,  2,  a. 
e.  '31  nbrri  ■»»,  v.  rft*.  Pes.  49b  '31  n"n  "b  in'1  ^a  Oh  that 
I  had  a  scholar  before  me,  and  I  would  &c. ;  a.  fr. — 3)  [ts 
there  any?;  in  gen.  introducing  a  question:]  is  there?,  docs 
he?  &c.  Sabb.  31a  bbn  'SO  i»  does  Hillel  live  here?  Hull. 
33a  '31  iTa  SC1!*  ia  is  there  anything  which  is  permitted 
&c.  Ber.  34a  top,  v.  WTO.  Hull.  32b  '31  CflOSa  "V  *TQ 
how  is  it?  can  the  first  cut  be  combined  with  the  second 
to  effect  &c?  Naz.  32b  ■pTWO  flirt  "a  . . .  iVw  if  one  had 
come  ....  would  you  have  vowed  ?  lb.  Tia*1!^  "pSTn  ^a 
did  they  know  when?  lb.  '31  TlB  "pST!  ^a  did  they  know 
on  what  day?  — Pes.  14b,  a.  fr.  "al  ^a  (sub.  Nr6  Nfi)  is 
there  an  analogy  between  the  two  cases?;  v.  "an I;  a. 
v.  fr. 

*{T2,  ^12  what"?;  v.  ^xa. 

^12  water,  v.  B^a. 

^12  ch.  pi.  water,  v.  "pa. 

T     -  x  ' 

"i^S^Q  m.  (-(Xa)  a  woman's  protest  against  a  marriage 
contracted  during  her  minority,  annulment  of  marriage. 
Yeb.  XIII,  4  'a  "inst  aa  a  divorce  issued  after  annulment 
(her  husband  having  remarried  her  after  annulment  and 
then  divorced  her);  135  iHX'a annulment  following  divorce 
(having  divorced  and  remarried  her  during  minority). 
lb.  108a;  Tosef.  ib.  XIII,  1  'a  ttt  (TrTPK)  in  what  way 
is  miun  performed?  Ib.  nta  bl'-rt  'a  *fi  1p»  there  can  be 
no  surer  protest  than  this;  a.  v.  fr.— PI.  tr31K">a,  "p31^a. 
Ib.  'a  "'"CiD  (Yeb.  107b  "Jl^a  BJS)  letters  of  protest.  Yeb. 
108a  rT»3«IKta  ",n  *Jl  rTMBTr^p  her  betrothal  (to  another 
man)  serves  as  a  declaration  of  protest.    Snh.  I,  3;  a.  fr. 

0*]fcirO,(&;l2$E)  m.  (DXa)  repulsiveness,   creating 




on.—'"  r.ZTrz,  v.  ttJEpto.  Y.  Maas.  Sh.  II,  53b  bot. ; 
Y.  Sabb.  XIY,  14°  X-rs  C*xa  it  is  a  nauseous  manipulation 
(and  therefore  forbidden  on  the  Sabbath,  v.  nxpia). 

XC  WC,  nC"S)Q  ch.  same.  Y.  Maas.  Sh.  II,  53b 
bot.;  Y.  Sabb.  XIV,  14c  '2  *T«a  3KO  what  is  the  prac- 
tical difference  between  them?  It  lies  in  the  applicability 
of  the  Sabbath  law  concerning  repulsive  things,  v.  preced. 

CHCSTC,  Lam.  E.  to  HI,  13  Ar.,  v.  tiWVX 

x:s-:,  v.  «*«. 

"j^JSTE,   v.  ",om 

Tiro  v.  -oa 



V.  15. 

C"  "*2,  v.  boa. 

"""■£,  Y.  Sabb.  VI,  8b  hot.,  v.  tfTtlO. 

SHUTD,  v.  K-- _. 

t:  :       •  T  :;  • 

D^JPDi  v.o"»ao. 

dtq  v.  Dw. 

"HJPE,  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XV,  19  some  ed.,  read:  •**•«,  v. 

fcCT^,  ^-"  r.  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  pi.  Mecleba,  a  town  on 
the  Eastern  side  of  Jordan.   Mikv.  XII,  1. 

iTPDj  v.  ens. 

"T"^,  "T  ■  m.  (cmp.  of  *>,  ~n  a.  "JO  or  ■«?)  1)  [what- 
ever it  may  be,]  something,  anything.  Targ.  Job  VI,  6  (sec. 
vers.).  Targ.  II  Esth.  I,  9.— Gitt.  56b  'Z1  "2  -x:-  -  tR3  ask 
something  of  me  that  I  may  grant  thee.  Hor.  13b .  .Xab"H 
"2  XI— ;"  "  X=^X..(Ms.  M.  xrbi-2)  is  perhaps  something 
(a  conspiracy  against  me)  going  on  at  college?  Snh.  38a 
13  HVl  "■"  axp  "~  xbl  and  they  did  not  speak  at  all.  Gitt. 
14 l  "2  xb"  -~Z*  US  xbl  there  was  no  surplus  whatever  in 
his  account.  Sabb.  62b  "2  xbl  rrt  "WR  xbl  and  he  said 
nothing  to  him  (did  not  object).  lb.  '21  Tr>z\  tVWl  'a  b2 
whatever  is  connected  with  enjoyment.  Erub.  103b  lrfl 
"2  xb  and  there  is  nothing  more  to  be  said  against  it;  a.  v. 
fr.— Gen.  B.  s.  91  XC=^1  "'rr.z  lb  ""Z  . . .  *x  (ed.Wil.  fTCO ; 
read :  T*J3Q)  if  we  find  that  he  argues  with  us  about  an 
affair  of  custom ;  Yalk.  ib.  148  X22*;z  TR30  (corr.  ace). — 
2)  (cmp.  "-  a.  ^32)  [is  there?]  icill  he,  trill  it?  is  it?  &c. 

Ab.  Zar.  53 b  TrTn  TfHyjU '~2  will  the  war  of  Joshua 

come  up  again?;  a.  fr.— Shebu.  20b,  a.  fr.  XT-X  'B  is  this 
an  argument?,  v.  X^IX. —  "X  MYM  'a  something  which 
can  be  placed  by  the  side  of,  because  it  is  analogous 
to.  Nidd.  3a  '21  mom*  fffm  "2  because  it  is  like  the 
sensation  of  &c.  Hull.  19a;  a.  fr. — [Not  to  be  confounded 
with  '*nq  out  of  tlie  power  of,  v.  "P.] 

TTC,  STITC,  v.  b^a,  xb--. 

-  t    :  •  •   •  t    :   • 

D"PE  m.  (=--?-2t  with  enclitic  a  for  Xa)  anything. 
Targ.  Prov.  XXVII,  7  -p*TOrt  la  bo  (ed.  Lag.  WVTfrBSn ;  Ms. 
Cl^a,  coit.  ace.)  anything  however  bitter. 

SOOTO  v.  K»m 

T    :    :        •  t  :  -  : 

XH"72,  nn"'!2  (contr.  of  *a  or  "jO  a.  X}P,  MTlj  [f£-7ia<- 
ever  it  be,  be  it  as  it  may,]hoicever,  at  all  events.  B.  Kain. 

ioeb  ">-pa  tk  xb  xn  "a  anon  Ms.  M.  (ed.  -nrw  xb  ta  xnirn) 

now,  however,  you  see,  he  has  not  confessed.  B.  Mets. 
84b  tJ1  xb  -a-3  bins  '72  H*rfQ  in  knowledge,  at  all  events, 
(even  according  to  thy  own  admission) he  was  thy  superior, 
(though)  I  do  not  know  (cannot  judge).  Sabb.  125a  "HIX 
'21  'a  ^b  do  at  least  admit  that  &c,  v.  "?«.  Nidd.  6b  ttp 
'21  nroa  'a  at  all  events  it  says  'loaves  of  T'rumah';  a. 
v.  fr.  [Not  to  be  confounded  with  XPa  from  this,  v.  Xn.] 

^ITVD  (preced.]  [be  it  as  it  may,]  but.  Snh.  39a  Tlh 
'21  "J2X  'a  Ms.  M.  (ed.  omit  "2)  very  well;  but  we  &c.  Ib.; 
Ab.  Zar.  10b  '21  "a  . . .  Tana  thou  spokest  well,  but  (there 
is  a  law  that)  he  who  defeats  the  King  &c. ;  a.  fr.  —  [Ib. 
41a  b'm  'a  XTi,  read  with  Ms.  M.  ST*?.] 

HiT'El  =  ftto.  Targ.  I  Sam.  XXV,  34;  36,  a.  e-  ed. 
Lag.,  v.  1P3. 

nrrc,  v.  wm 

Out  —  (not  a...)  m.  (|xa'iouu,a;,  8.,  majuma)  May- 
day; largess  (to  soldiers);  a  kind  of  mock  sea-fight  (in 
Home).  Tanh.,  ed.  Bub.,  Sh'mini  8;  Num.  E.  s.  10  23209  32 
'21  '12  lb  FPil .  .  .  each  tribe  had  its  own  May-day.  Midr. 
Till,  to  Ps.  XVIII,  13  [read  as  in  ed.  Bub.:]  -jVin  BWlBDI 
ibcj  'ab  but  when  he  (the  King)  goes  out  to  celebrate  his 
majuma;  Yalk.  Sam.  160  (Pesik.  E.  s.  21  DTSb;  Ex.  E.  s. 
29  rn-axll;  Sifre  Num.  102  mb'J3).-[P/.  ttWttbrOi  Lev. 
E.  s.  5  Ms.  M.  (ed.  rrWtJWl).] 

—  ^ri  !!2  (2-l;-)  1)  (adv.)  seated,  in  a  sitting  position, 
opp.  WttO,  Shebu.  38b,  v.  la^ra.  M.  Kat.  20b  '23TI  -=-"X 
5HD  he  recalled  to  mind  that  he  had  rent  his  garment 
while  seated ;  a.  fr. — 2)  sedate,  collected,  v.  3BJ\ 

JTlTH  f.  pi.  (homiletically=r"'x -)  hundreds,  (at  least) 
fooo  hutidred.  Num.  E.  s.  13  (play  on  nVOWlp,  Lev.  XXVI, 
13)  'a  bo  rrfflp  a  height  of  hundreds  (Tanh.  B'resh.  6; 
ed.  Bub.  18  rrsx  nxa).  Num.E.  1.  c.  2TX":  t'---2  nx-:  z'~ 
(not  Zpp)  kom  (=n^p)  is  one  hundred  cubits,  meyoth  is 
two  hundred  (which  combined  makes  three  hundred); 
Gen.  E.  s.  12;  Tanh.  1.  c. 

mix  v.  xm2. 

t:       •  t:  • 

rftFD,  v.  n-wa. 

t:        •  t.      : 

^"?*I!2,  v.  icno. 

t:       •  t  :  - 

^VD,  v.  wtti 




Sn  D  m.  (hPa,  v.  ^na  1)  stirred  flour  in  a  dish,  paste. 
Sabb.  37b.—  Ber.  37b  Ar.  a.  Ms.  M.  margin  (ed.  SOTffp). 

"^ITD  m.  (WTO)  1)  cleansing.  Pes.  VI,  1  TQ^ip  OD  tbe 
cleansing  of  its  bowels,  expl.  ib.  68a. — 2)  (=  hNha)  protest, 
declaration.  Ib.  88a  Ol  'a  *^>  "pN  there  can  be  no  more 
distinct  manifestation  of  will  than  this. 

D^rTO  m-  (&!»"0  ffrace.  Targ.Y.  Gen.  XXXIII,  11. 
Targ.  Y.  II  ib.  XLIV,  21  "O^  Dina  my  gracious  look. 

w^tTQ  m.  (dlhll)  1)  apprehension,  doubt.  Kidd.  51' 
'a  tYO  *|SO  "pst  in  this  case  there  is  no  room  for  any  doubt. 
— 2)  indisposition,  ailment.  Sabb.  lla  tti&n  'a  abl  'a  ^3 
any  ailment,  only  no  headache.  Tern.  16;i;, 
Amah,  s.2.— PI.  pra!lh'>a,  Tia.  Ned.  41a  BMOh  "^ina  (those 
suffering  from)  headache. 

^tjjTTD',   Targ  Job  I,  22,  v.  Nrrja. 

S^n^D,  Gen.  R.  s.  77  Ar.  some  ed.,  v.  xV^na. 

Dm  12  m.  (Dan)  vessel  for  heating  water,  boiler  for 
mixing  wine.  Sabb.  Ill,  5  '31  IhDiSttJ  'ah,  expl.  ib.  41a,  sq. 
•pan  D"va  l3aa  h3i£a  'an  a  boiler  which  was  emptied  of 
its  hot  water;  (oth.  explan.)  '31  IhS^StiJ  'an  a  boiler  which 
has  been  l-emoved  from  the  stove ;  Y.  ib.  Ill,  beg.  5C  "VCBttl 
'an  r,X  when  he  has  removed  the  boiler.  Pes.  VII,  13  'an 
SSa^a  the  boiler  for  mixing  the  wine  is  placed  between 
the  two  parties.  Kel.  XIV,  1 ;  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Mets.  IV,  1  'an 
"psbD  bapb  i*o  a  boiler  (when  defective)  is  susceptible  of 
uncleanness  as  long  as  it  can  be  used  for  keeping  coins 
in  it;  a.  fr. 

"Dfra,  v.  Tana. 

T      :  t      •    : 

WD,    V.  Btt. 

Dt3*Z2  m.,  constr.  aBTQ  (b.  h.;  Hty  the  choice  of.  B. 
Kani.  7"  (ref.  to  Ex.  XXII,  4)  pffl  b®  IrVlffl  'a  it  means  the 
highest  assessment  of  damage  of  the  property  of  the  in- 
jured party ;  p*fiB  ba  IhTttJ  'a  the  best  property  of  the 
injurer  is  held  responsible  for  the  damage.  Ib.  "|T,a  "pX  'a 
fc<V  SO^nst  must  he  pay  only  in  the  best  value  (as  property, 
cash  &c.)  and  in  no  other  stock?  Ib.1'  Kin  'a  "^To  b3  all 
movable  objects  are  payment  in  good  value  (must  be  ac- 
cepted) ;  a.  fr. 

fcOlyTQ  ch.  same;  'ffl  dbttJ  to  pay  the  highest  assess- 
ment arid  in  best  value.  B.  Mets.  IX,  3;  Y.  Keth.  IV,  29a 
top,  a.  e.  (formula  of  a  farmer's  contract)  'aa  B^UJK  I 
promise  to  pay  indemnity  in  full  and  best  value. 

TV2PT2,  v.  ntsa. 

T  T  • 

laiia^n,  v.  wasp. 

"llUu^,  "212  m.  (metator)  measurer  of  boundaries ; 

(v.  Sin.  Ant.  s.  v.Castra)  officer  sent  in  advance  of  persons 
of  high  rank,  or  of  troops,  to  lay  out  the  camp  or  to  ar- 
range quarters;  quartermaster.  Tanh.  Ki  Thissa  35  (ref. 
to  Ex.  XIII,  21)  'a  Ohi3S^  -|Vlh  ^K  I  went  in  advance  of 
them  as  a  metator.  Y'lamd.  to  Deut.  II,  31,  quot.  in  Ar. 
'31  'a  rv«a5&  *nns>  ^X  I  will  be  the  metator  even  of  an 
uncircumcised  person  (ref.  to  Is.  XLV,  2).  Gen.  R.s.5  ibip 
'31  hffiab  llB^a  htt53>3  . . .  'Rashi'  (ed.  yttBtrTO,  corr.  ace.) 
the  voice  of  the  Lord  was  the  metator  for  Moses,  when 
he  said  to  him,  Rise  &c.  (Deut.  XXXII,49);  ib.  tPah  \&  '- 
the  metator  for  the  waters  (assigning  to  them  their  courses, 
paving  their  roads  &c.) ;  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.XCIII  TTJ-ja  T\->t\ 
Dh-QB^  ed.  Bub.  (ed.  "O'lBa,  corr.  ace). — [Sifre  Deut.  338 
hTUa^  'iVraaa  n'^pil  hVi  IsaSSO  quot.  in  Sachs  Beitr. 
I,  p.  108,  read:  TlHtta;  v.,  however,  "|i"lt3»a.]— Tt.  f'jfcjtJ'TO. 
Y'lamd.  Ar/pOBTO (Tanh.  Balak  10'pmbllJ). 

a  &dtl™,  nwepa,  v.  rb»». 

t  :    -     •  t:-      •'  t  « -  i 

bWl2,  v.toaalll. 

*bphm,  f^ftAWQ,  v.  sub  'Vja,  'V^a. 

ItFQ,  v.  "rosn. 

antra,  v.  *n. 

t     :       •  t  t  ■ 

"PHI^/O  f.  (|j.T)Tpa,  jxYiTpyj,  accus.)  womb, uterus.  Pesik. 
Zakh.,  p'.  23a  h^UJ  'a  ~nh  he  severed  her  womb  (in  birth) ; 
Tanh.  Ki  Thetse  4  ed.  Bub.  (ed.  'prVO,  corr.  ace);  Yalk. 
Ps.  868  p*0">a3  -|Sn  (corr.  ace).  Gen.  R.  s.  47,  a.  e.  Ip^S 
'a  ovary  (Yeb.  64b  ibl  tVO),  v.  t£& ;  Pesik.  R.  s.  42  "ptea ; 
a.  fr. 

nn£,  v.  i«a. 

OW'Q,  Gen.  R.  s.  45,  beg.  Ar.,  v.  dan. 

}t5&  &TO,  8^0  C'O)  m.  pi.  ch.=h.^a,  ««fer. 
Targ.'d.  Gen.  XXVI,T19  (Y.  ">ia).  Targ.  Gen.  I,  2;  a.  fr.— 
Constr.  TO,  Ttf^,  Targ.  0.  Ex.  XV,  19.  Ib.VII,  19;  a.  fr.— 
Targ.  0.  Deut.  XXIX,  10  ^33  ed.  Berl  (Var.  Tjapa,  Tp^a, 
v.  Berl.  Targ.  0.  II,  p.  58)  \hy  water.  — Hull.  105b  HPVB 
iJOra,  v.  hiOn?.  Gen.  R.  s.  70  '31  'a  5«lS"t)1X  having 
added  water,  you  must  add  flour,  i.  e.  having  added  to 
my  objections,  you  are  so  much  the  more  bound  to  find 
a  solution.  Hull.  97b  ^31  'a  water  in  which  eggs  have 
been  boiled;  a.  v.  fr. 

Mgfina  tfflptiPa  apam  v.sub  '--a. 

Ir         ~    :  tI :  -    :  It  :    ~    : 

■jTl^Q,  v.linna. 

""ra,  v.^xi. 

ID"1"1^  m.  mayish,  name  of  a  tree,  Celtis  (v.  Low  Pfl., 
p.  250)  'a  tall  tree  ivith  fruits  like  myrtle-berries'.  Sifra 
Vayikra,  N'dab.,  Par.  4,  ch.  VI;  Tosef.  Men.  IX,  14 ;  Tarn. 




29b.— P/.  ft^a  fruits  oftJie  mayish.  Gen.  R.  s.  72,  beg. 
(expl.  rrx-v-). 

PTO  v.  r-:. 

TTW&  v.  xrx. 

>!S-J  "!2  pr.  n.  (b.  h.)  Michael,  name  of  an  angel.  Targ. 
Job  XXV,  2  (sec.  vers.).  Targ.  Ps.  CXXXVII,  7;  a.  e.— 
Hag.  12b  Vran  -rn  "2  M.,  the  great  chief;  Men.  110a.  Y. 
Ber.  IX,  13a  hot.  one  in  distress  T1  1&  xb  riTCF  xb  cries 
not  to  M.  nor  to  Gabriel,  but  &c. — Num.  E.  s.  2;  Pesik.  R. 
s.  46  'a  —  r.  bx=  "pKl  -poa  "a  Michael  is  a  combination 
of  MS  (Ex.  XV,  11)  and  kael  (Deut.  XXXIII,  26);  a.  fr. 

f  D  —  I  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  m.  Micah,  1)  ML,  the  owner  of 
an  idolatrous  temple  (Jud.  XVII).  Esth.  R.  to  III,  7  ab:i 
'a;  Snh.  103b  "2  btt  "ba-:  the  image  put  up  by  M.;  ib.  ljJD5 
"2  ::■:  the  smoke  rising  from  the  sacrifices  to  the  image 

&c— Ib.  101b,  v.  ^BDU   Shebu.  35b  Vfll  "03 PTRMB  br 

all  divine  names  mentioned  in  connection  with  M.  (Jud. 
1.  c.)  are  profane  (not  names  of  the  Lord).  Pes.  117a  'zz't 
'="  "2"  WB  '-  ~-  with  Micah's  image  at  Bekhi,  the  Is- 
raelites should  have  sung  the  Hallel? — Ex.R.s.41 ; — 
2)  ML,  the  prophet.  Lev.  R.  s.  10  'D1  "3  nx  tmJjB  I  sent 
M.  and  they  smote  him.  Mace.  24a  '="  "-Z"-'  'a  xa  M. 
came  and  based  all  the  laws  of  the  Torah  on  three  prin- 
ciples ;  a.  e. 

t  \m>  ■-.  II  f.  ("" -)  decline,  reduction  to  poverty.  B. 
Mets.  1143  '~"V~  "2  "2  "a;  "2  can  an  analogy  between 
assessments  of  vowed  values  and  assessments  in  cases  of 
indebtedness  be  based  on  the  use  of  the  root  7^a  (Lev. 
XX VH,  8  a.  XXV,  35)? 

fctr™"^.  f.  (te»  I)  food,  meal.  Targ.  Prov.  XXIII,  3. 
Ib.  IV,  17  (ed.  Lag.  a.  oth.  T&OTOj);  a.  e. 

Sr"D"E,  v.  xb-a. 

J^IZ  pr.  n.f.  (b.h.)  Michal,  daughter  of  Saul  and  wife 
of  David.  Tosef.  Sot.  XI.  15  ;  Snh.  19b.  Ib.  21a.  Midr.  Sam. 
ch.  XXV:  a.  e  — Erub.  96*  tR3  ra  "2  daughter  of  Saul(?), 
v.  comment. 

>D"E,  S  >P""2  I  m.  (bax  I)  1)  food.  Targ.  Lev.  XI,  34. 
Targ.  Jud.  XIV,  14;  a.  e.— Pes.  114a  T^baia,  v.  r.r-Q.  Succ. 
29a;  4Sa  "2  "Xa  eating  vessels,  dishes,  opp.  to  drinking 
vessels.  —  2)  (infin.  of  bax)  eating.  Gen.  R.  s.  19  frtwtp 
when  eating  thereof;  a.  fr. 

S^Tuj  II,  i"DD*E  c.  (bax  II,  !*©)  1)  measure.  Targ. 
Y.  I  Lev.  XXVI,  43r(il  xbaa).— 2)  (v.  rr-z,  xrb"a)  system 
of  laics,  treatise,  tract.  Y.  Shebi.  X,  end,  39d  "WTI  030  ~- 
*ai  "2  XTTi  a  man  that  has  studied  one  tract  and  comes 
to  a  place  where  they  honor  him  for  two  tracts,  is  bound 
to  tell  them  cm  x:x  '"2  X"ir;  x:x  I  know  only  one  tract : 
Y.  Mace.  II,  end,  32a.  —  PI.  fxtt.  Targ.  Y.  Num.  XIII,  33, 
yVQ  'a  bad  manners  (cmp.  fWO). — Y.  Mace.  1.  c.  'a  fr 

(not  nba-a).  Yalk.  Koh.  971  fn  99,  read  -,baa  or  "ib-aa, 
v.  xb-2a. 

piOTD,  v.  rt=-2. 

fcCl^D'Cl  f-  =  *£■&  f°od-  Targ-  Prov.  XXXI,  14  (ed. 
Wil.  a.  oth.  '=a). 

XFOT^D  same,  v.  BttftftCJ^l 

T   :   -      ••  t  :  - 

WbfQ  v.  -:=-. 

SDD'TZj  v.  xa=a.  [Snh.  44b  'o  JWJ3,  read:  Xpaia.] 

^22  m.  (an  adapt,  of  mille,  sub.  passuum)  1)  mil  (mile) 
=  2000  cubits.  Yoma  VI,  4  '"2  bab  llXSiUI  nraa:  seven  and 
a  half  Ris  for  each  mile.  Y.  Shebi.  VI,  36c  top  '"a  3'*i 
bR'HU1  r>:na2  twelve  mil,  corresponding  to  the  encamp- 
ment of  the  Israelites  (ref.  to  Num.  XXXIII,  8);  a.  fr. — 
Fl.  "b"2.  Tosef.  Yoma  IV  (III),  13.  Yoma  VI,  8;  a.  fr.— 
2)  milestone. — PI.  as  ab.  Yalk.  Deut.  907  J-PH  xb'a  fib^a 
'a  na  a  road  on  which  there  were  no  milestones. 

STQ  I  ch.  same.  Hull.  139b,  v.  TTB.— PL  f&Q.  Targ. 
Y.  ExT  XIV,  22.  Ib.  XVn,  8;  a.  fr.  —  [Y.  Snh.  X,  28c  bot. 

Sbna,  v.  xb  w  n.] 

STD  I,  0$3"Q  II)  f.  ch.  (v.  Pfcitf)  1)  a  lock  of  wool, 
woolly  substance.  Nidd.  17a  xai"H2  'a  cotton,  Rashi  (oth. 
opin. :  lock  of  clean  and  soft  wool). — 2)  fine  wool;  a  cloak 
of  fine  wool.  Targ.  O.  Gen.  XLIX,  11  'a  'a  (ed.  Berl.  '"2  % ; 
Var.  rb/a  rb-a  ;  t&m  xbr:)  all  woolen.  Targ.  Hos.  H,  7; 
a.  e.— [Tosef.  Sabb.  V  (VI),  14,  v.  ifrw.] 

S ^E  II  (a  Chald.  adapt,  of  h.  "bxa,  v.  bx),  with  pref. 
'aa  of  itself.  Targ.  II  Esth.VI,  1  arr^sa  (=-prnbTSa;  some 
ed.  arrbxa)  of  themselves.  — Yoma  42b  iiblD  rra-iEn  be 
'"•2  WMJOl  "ara  -"a  SWW1  rara  in  that  section  (Num. 
XIX)  there  are  texts  intimating  an  exception  from  a 
preceding  intimation,  and  texts  independent  of  preceding 
or  following  intimations.  Sabb.  140b  'aa  xa"Y!X1  and  the 
length  comes  of  itself,  v.  XS^lX.  B.  Mets.  16a  'aa  fiSTm 
X"M  an  inheritance  comes  of  itself  (without  an  effort  on 
the  part  of  the  recipient);  a.  fr. 

S  y^Z  I,  Tm>12t  SDT'D  f.  a  species  of  oak  from  which 
the  gall-nut  is  collected  (quercus  infectoria),  or  the  acorns 
of  which  are  used  as  tanning  material  (quercus  aegilops 
or  Oak  of  Bashan)  [not  ash-tree].  Midd.  Ill,  7  niXTiba 
'a  V,r  (some  ed.  M;T2,  Maim.  nV^a)  beams  of  Milla;  Erub. 
3*  Ms.M.  (ed.  roTD);  Lev.  R.  s.  17,  beg.— [Tosef.  Shebi. 
V,  3  r;"a  ":r  leaves  of  the  Millath  (prob.  used  for  steep- 
ing in  wine  or  oil).  Tb.  (missing  in  ed.  Zuck.)  r&a  "ip^S 
the  real  Millath-nut(?).]— PL  "ST?.  Ib.  VH,  11 ;  Y.  ib.  IX, 
38d  bot.;  Pes.  53a  'a  OTA  jOt3  an  indication  of  high- 
lands is  the  growth  of  Milla-trees. — 'a  "a  a  solution  of 
acorns;  also  a  solution  of  gall-nuts.  Gitt.  19a  (v.  ","x) 
'a  -a  -a;  :r  'a  T2  p«J  (Ar.  'a  5"r)  for  a  tanned  ink  wiil 
not  take  on  a  tanned  hide.  Y.  ib.  II,  44b  top:  when  one 
desires  to  write  a  secret  letter  to  his  friend,  "^aa  zrz  X"itt 
'2",  ;apa~  ~m  'a  he  writes  with  a  solution  of  gall-nut, 


X^tt  774 


and  the  recipient  of  the  letter  pours  over  it  untanned  ink 
which  settles  on  the  writing. 

V&I2  II,  #)$,  (nVa)  c.  (=h.  n£a;  bba  II)  word, 
command;  (cmp.  ^Q-n)  tfun#,  o&/ec£,  affair,  subject  &c. 
Targ.  Y.  Gen.  XLI,  IS.  Targ.  Y.  Deut.  XXVII,  26.— Targ. 
Y.  Gen.  XVIII,  2;  a.  fr.— Y.  Sabh.  XIX,  beg.  16d  hVtt  'bo 
iTinxa  every  subject  in  its  proper  place  (not  digressing); 
Y.Erub.  VI,  end,  24a  rVo!  SOa  *«  (not  NPrP).  Lev.  R.  s. 
24;  Y.  Yeb.  II,  3d  fcWtJ  'a  something  bad  (euphem.  for 
pollution);  a.  fr.— PZ.  "pl^a,  X^a,  "^a,  «J«p.  Targ.Y.  Gen. 
XVIII,  2.  Targ.  Jud.  XXI,  13';  a.  fr.— Hull.  139b  ^  noK 
'a  fiOWl  said  Hanina  to  me,  These  are  (idle)  words;  'a 
'an  aWN  Kbs<  T'O  you  cannot  mean  that  this  is  an  un- 
truth ?  But  say,  it  was  done  through  words  (of  charm, 
v.  RnVro);  Ab.  Zar.  38b.— Ned.  22a  m^sn  'a  (Ar.  faton) 
things  (actions)  of  an  abandoned  woman.  Gitt.  29a,  a. 
e.  'ni  "poaa  X?  'a  words  cannot  be  transferred  to  a 
deputy,  i.  e.  an  order  authorizing  somebody  is  not  trans- 
ferable; ib.  71b  '31  *pDaa  'a  an  order  is  transferable.  B. 
Bath.  77a  '31  'a3  'ai  ThW  'a  nmix  letters  (documents) 
are  words  (symbols  of  value)  and  words  cannot  be  taken 
possession  of  by  means  of  words  (by  a  document  of  as- 
signment, but  the  original  document  must  be  handed 
over);  a.  v.  fr.— Erub.  2a  mVra  ■pUJ">53'l  ("DID  (corrected 
in  Ms.  M.  tlffoiQ)  Succah  (Succ.  I,  1)  about  which  much 
is  said  (several  disqualifications  stated);  ^ffl^SS  &0=1  "Hna 
tvtya  Mabuy  (Erub.  I,  1)  about  which  not  much  is  said 
(only  one  disqualification  is  mentioned) ;  Succ.  2a  nmo 
Str&ia  "»tD*Bn  Ms.  M.  2  (Ms.  M.  1  rfj^a,  ed.  nn^a) ;  atVl 
rrtya  vnta  (sing.). — ^a  Wi  soa,  'a  i3nDa  (abbrev.  a'Tia) 
whence  is  it  proved?  Hull.  140a.  Ib.  24b;  a.  v.  fr.— *on 
"^a,  v."|«n.— S^a^l'a  divine,  religious  affairs.  Keth.  105b; 
a.  fr. — &ta?3H  'a  secular,  trivial  affairs.  Sabb.  82a;— 
[For  other  combinations  see  the  respective  determinants.] 
—V.  ixrfpa. 

Nl^E,  fcH^Q  nextw.-P/.  KM^a,  '^3. 
Targ/y.  II  Ex.  I,  15  some  ed.,  v.  Vfft^ 

TTITU  f.  (b.  h.;  iV^  midwife.  Ex.  R.  s.  1  WW  'a  131 
'31  Snails  does  a  midwife  not  need  a  midwife  to  deliver 
her? — PI.  nrfe?a.  Ib.  'an  ft\  "ntfl  and  who  were  the  mid- 
wives  (Ex.  I,  15);  a.  e. 

HTD  I  oak,  v.  s^al. 

T  •  '  T       * 

II  ivord,  thing,  v.  hia  a.  vbna  II. 


PITTS  f.  (;ia)  circumcision,  circumcised  membrum. 
Sabb.T130a  'an  bs  .  .  .  .  ntttt  the  government  decreed  a 
prohibition  against  circumcision.  Ib.  XIX,  2  ■Q'lX  PS'pB'B 
'nl  'a  you  may  do  on  the  Sabbath  whatever  is  necessary 
in  connection  with  circumcision  (of  a  child  on  his  eighth 
day).  Ib.  24b,  a.  fr.  nsan  &6lB  'a  a  circumcision  not  tak- 
ing place  on  the  eighth  day.  Ib.  118b  ^»  'an  at  my 
membrum;  Y.  Meg.  I,  72b  bot.  lTlV«3;  a.  v.  fr.— [Targ. 
Cant.  Ill,  8  'a  nainn  the  seal  of  the  covenant  of  circum- 
cision.]— PI.  rtVfa.  Y.  Sabb.  XIX,  17a  '31  'a  ■WB&  p^O  from 
this  {himmol  yimmol,  Gen.  XVII,  13,  lammuloth,  Ex.  IV, 

26)  we  learn  that  the  act  of  circumcision  is  a  complicated 
one,  one  that  of  cutting  &c. 

N^D,  v.  <tafc  a.  ttfts. 

TS'TF'Q  m.  (db-o)  saving,  delivery.  Pes.  118amiOB3  'a 
'31  the  delivery  of  the  souls  of  the  righteous  from  Ge- 
henna (ref.  to  Ps.  CXVI,  4). 

&TOT£ibnD,  'Wul2  m.  pl.(u.eXtTu>u.ia,a  denom.  of 
u.sXiTw'|jia,not  otherwise  recorded)  sweet-cakes,  confection. 
Gen.  R.  s.  48.  Y.  Sabb.  VI,  8C  bot.  nali^a  f4"W  -,a  pn 
(corr.  ace,  a.  strike  out  "ja)  dealing  in  confection.  Yalk. 
Num.777  n^aiiba  Wo;  Pesik.  R.  s.  16  B^slE^a  (corr. ace; 
Pesik.  Eth.  Korb.,  p.  58a  nilp  ^S). 

"irl>"l!Q,  yQ  m.iKbn)  filling,  drawing  water.  Par. VII,  2 
'an  rtens  nnxban  labor  during  the  act  of  filling  makes 
the  water  unfit  (for  the  sprinkling  ceremony).  Tosef.  ib. 
IV  (III),  11.  Y.  Succ.  IV,  54c  bot.  dttfc  T^a  WmB  "ps 
Jnn  the  water  must  be  drawn  especially  for  the  purpose 
of  libation  on  the  Festival.  Bab.ib.54a  D^an  'aVpSpin  "p» 
'31  on  the  Sabbath  (during  the  festival  of  Succoth)  the 
horn  is  not  blown  at  drawing  water  for  the  altar ;  a.  e. — 
V.  K&a. 

biffy  SblVa,  *SD  m.  (*&)  speech.  Targ.  O.Ex. 
IV,  10.  Targ.  Is.  VI,  4;  a.  fr. 

S&^ITQ  m.  (Pales  of  ifea;  cmp.  KDbin  fr.  bin)  space, 
area.  B.  Bath.67alsn^tt'a  (Ms.O.n&lV^; 
Ms.  F.  SiO^a,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  notes  60;  70)  the  area  of 
the  court  (not  the  buildings  around  it,  corresp.  to  t»?»), — 
[PL  K*0&"^  v.  NO^sa.] 

*NrflbnD  f.  pi.  (•£»;  cmp.  Syr.  WVlVo  P.  Sm.  2127) 
[pitchers,]  name  of  an  aquatic  plant  bearing  beans.  Y. 
Kil.  I,  27a  top  (expl.  nSVJ,  q.  v.). 

Srfra,  v.  ansa. 

OTsriha,  mxhiz,  v. 

nb"'ft,  Pesik.  Bahod.,  p.  107b 
796,  v.  ^>*%  a.  *?«. 

^B,  nb^^read: 

SSTQ*^1^  m.  pl.(u.eXi|XT]Xa,  melimela)  honey-apples, 
must-apples.  Y.Maasr.I,49a  top  'a  Tlisn  melimela  apples; 
Tosef.  ib.  I,  1  nba5  *S  (corr.  ace). 

DTPTQ,  Pesik. R.s. 21,  read :  "pl^S,  or^SO^a. 

"pnQ,  Sabb.  150a  Ar.,  v.  T^a. 


I ,-      "  ,      t  :       • '        t  t  :       •  t  :  •  t         t  :   : 

v.  Tpa,  '3i=a. 

^b"Q  m.  (bVal)  broken  down.— PI.  *,"^a.  Snh.  66a, 
v.  ^«S. 

Sbb^,  v.  Ktta. 


"jb^Q  m.(uiXav,To)  black  pigment,  ink.— PI. ^"02.  Gen. 

Yalk.  Ex.  286;  Yalk.Ps. 




B.  s.  1  '31  "" -bp"  '"  to  carry  this  'pen  and  ink'  for  my 
son;  Yalk.Num.766  fnoVpl  'ptfrm  (corr.  ace);  Y'lamd. 
to  Num.  XXIII,  9  quot.  in  Ar.  "pabpl  "pQ. 

J  "  12  f.  (jxsXavo;, r(  S.=u,eXa?,  jxeXaiva)  dark-colored. 
Y.  Ab.  Zar.  I,  39c  top,  v.  X^ix— [Ar.  s.  v.  ba  13  quotes: 
■:':--r  . .  inligj,  x-:b--=,  mfcva,  read:  "pb^,  v.  preced.] 

t    :      .  '  t   ••  • 

7  • 

*j*i;S>*D,     2!C  m.  (u.t;Xo7C£ku>v)  an  apple-shaped 
melon,  cucumber-melon,  prob.  the  fruit  sgitasA  (v.  Sm.  Ant. 

s.  v.).  Kii.  i,  2  *»  'am  rmopn  (Ms.  m.  yttlmrn  rwpn) 

cucumbers  and  melopepons  are  not  forbidden  as  mingled 
seeds  (ttt*V») ;  Ter.  II,  6.  Y.  Kil.  I,  27a  bot.  .'. .  p  msb 
'3  ":""  M9V4Q  .  .  .  (not  X""')  therefore  (because  it  is  a 
hybrid  product  of  apple  [jatjXov]  and  pepon  [stxoa  re- 
rcov]  they  call  it  in  Greek  melopepon.  Tosef.  Shebi.V,  3 
(missing  in  ed.  Zuck.)  ","££5  -~  ip^r  (Var.  "poabsit)  the 
real  fruit  melopepon  (  leaves).  Tosef. Ukts.  II.  10 
ftha  (Var.  "pEba;  corr.  ace.).  lb.  14  'pEBba.    Tosef.  Toh. 

v,  4  ymfoar-H  tnmib''u,  ■pjiBBb-a,  ^a  Tosef.  Kii.1,1. 

Ter.  VIII,  6;  a.  e.— Yalk.  Koh.  968  *2F\  ftfttfa  .  .  .  '"EX 
even  melopepons  in  Nisan  were  not  absent  from  Solo- 
mon's table ;  Tanh.  Yithro  7  'pBBd&U ;  ed.  Bub.  5  "plEE^n 
(corr.  ace). 

&0"5£T  .,  '"-  ch.same.  Snh.llOa  'a  ^3  125  \bffVQn 

t  •    :  :     • 

Ar.  (ed.  XrviE3)  he  knocks  you  about  like  a  melopepon. — 
PL  MMVBfiba.  Targ.Y.I  Num.  XI,  5  (Y.  II  HTgsVo,  corr. 
ace;  h.  text  tWCfiK). 

&T"D"72,  "HTQ,  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  I,  403,  v.  "p33. 

nVB,nfef.oafc,  »st=l 

n^C,  2152  f.  (ttn  II)  [something  soft  and  thick,] 
1)  focfr  of  wool,  wool,  down.  Hull.  50b;  52b  (expl.  D"C 
•WOn)  '  -  "2  pKJD  WpO  that  portion  of  the  stomach  which 
has  no  downy  lining.  Tosef.  Sabb.IV(V),l ;  Y.ib.V,  7bbot. 
'-z-  r"'3=.  v.  "23  ;  Bab.  ib.  54a.  lb.  10b;  a.  e.— PI.  ytjpU, 
'ba.  Koh.  R.  to  1, 9  "jrra  (corr.  ace),  v.n  5.—  2)  ear-lap.  Sifre 
Deut.  122  rfaa  xbx  LfWTi  "X  the  slave's  ear  must  be 
bored  through  in  the  lap  only ;  Bech.37b;  Kidd.  21bxnVva3; 
Y.  ib.  I,  59d  top  [read :]  !Ttt  'an  p  iSTO  rmm  "On  am 
?3"0.— PL  as  ab.  Ex.  E.  s.  40  TTfaa  (not  *pn  . .,  expl.  in 
a  gloss  3T:n  Elpa  !"!*)  hanging  on  his  ear-laps. 

n>'",2,  ST""D  ch.  same  (interch.  with  xb"<a)  l)/?ne 
tcooZ,  also  a  cloak  of  fine  wool.  Targ.  Ez.  XXVII,  18  (v. 
x:"33).  Targ.  O.Gen.XLIX,  11,  v.  xbial;  a.  e.— Snh.  44*; 
M.  Kat.  28b,  v.  xbaOX.— P/.  fri^P.  Targ.Esth.I,  6.  Targ. 
Lam.  n,  20  ed. Lag.  (ed.  ll't&UJl  read:  n*rb"3). —  xrb"*a. 
Sabb.  10b.  v.  2J3b. — 2)  ear-lap.  Kidd.  21b,  v.  preced. 

^r*5*!!2,  Si*T2  f.=xb/an,  word;  thing,  affair  &c. 
Targ.  Prov.  XXV,'  15.  Targ.Y.  Num.  XXXI,  8  "paopl  'a 
(notxnba)  some  sorcery;— Bets.  38a  baprrwa  XaW 
that  I  may  say  something  acceptable.  —  Gitt.  23a  'a  ixb 
'SI  "HOSTl  XVI  what  I  said  that...,  was  nothing  (was  not 
correct).  —  Tern.  4b,  a.  fr.  "31  Taxi  'a  53  anything  that 

the  Law  says  not  to  do,  if  done  &e,  v.  *V%.  Shebu.  34b, 
a.  fr.  '=1  Vtvaft  xbi  'a  52  a  thing  in  which  one  has  no 
interest,  is  not  noticed  exactly.  Ab.  Zar.  18*  "O  *2  xb^T 
'21  it  is  something  disgraceful  to  me  that  &e  B.  Mets. 
114b;  Taan.  21b,  v.  p^nx  Sabb.  81b  'a  IT*  ri^iax  she 
spoke  a  word  (magic  spell).  Gitt.  30°,  v.  "(px.  Ab.  Zar. 
66b;  a.  e.  X^tt  'a  Kirn  the  flavor  (of  a  forbidden  thing) 
is  something  substantial  (fit  to  affect  ritually  the  sub- 
stance receiving  it).  Gitt.  52b  '31  xabr2  'a  it  is  merely  a 
favor  he  does  the  court;  a.  v.  fr. — '"2  Xii  x:a  =  "ibia  VttSO, 
v.  xbrsH.  Hull.  10b;  a.  fr.— Esp.  'a  Tor  (euphem.,  sub. 
xniT3X*i)  to  let  blood;  to  be  bled.  Taan.  2lb  TOS  nm  "O 
'a  when  he  (the  surgeon)  bled  a  person.  Hull.  Ill3  KLiTCJ 
'a  W)  on  the  day  he  was  bled  (Rashi:  VI  KtfPO).  Sabb. 
129a  sq.;  a.  e.—  PL  xrW?,  v.  xb/all. 

D  12  m.  pi.  (b.  h.;  cmp.  Sina)  water,  fluid;  secretion; 
solution.  Constr.  ^pl.  ftVBf^O,  constr.  Wa  Snh.  108ab5bi 
'a?  nalTsyWl  the  eye-ball  which  (in  restlessness)  resemb- 
les water,  v.  babs.  Par.  VIH,  9  '31  3">3iari  'art  smitten 
waters  (springs  or  lakes  formed  through  a  catastrophe, 
v.  Snh.  L  e).  Ib.  tiKBBtin  'on,  v.  2T3;  a.  v.  fr.— D'O'raJfcn  'a, 
3""rr:i<  '"  &e,  v.  respective  determinants. — rYTf*  "*a  juice 
of  fruits  (wine,  date-honey,  &e).  Pes.  35a,  sq. ;  a.  fr. — ""a 
Cfbsn  urin.  Ker.  6a;  a.  fr.— 'an  tV3  urinary.  Meg.  in,  2 ; 
Y.  Ber.  II,  4C  bot,— Hag.  3a  ",*rnaj  "OX  ?ftt  we  drink  thy 
water,  i.  e.  we  depend  on  thy  teaching;  B.  Mets.  84b 
■pma  "CX  fTvno;  Hor.  14a;  a.  e.— Taan.  16a/2"  r".-;  b: 
all  the  waters  of  the  world ;  a.  fr. 

D^'Q,  pi.  "jTOTO,  v.  D"1Q. 

DiQ^Q,  v.  oiaiFQ. 
m'QTQ,  ''D'1^,  v.  tem. 

^12rl2  laxa,  1)  word,  command.  Targ.  Gen. 
XLI,  44.  Targ.Ps.  XIX, 4;— 2)  (hypostatized)(-i1)'a 
the  Word,  i.  e.  the  Lord  (used  in  Targum  to  obviate  an- 
thropomorphism). Targ.  Gen.  IU,  10.  Targ.Y.  ib.  9;  a.  v. 
fr. — WV&,  xna'rpb,  v.  "tax. 

D"12"22,  Cant.  E.  to  vn,  9,  v.  Dia^ia. 

tDQ"lD,  v.  tiwa. 

"^12  I  from,  v.  "ja. 

1^12  H  m.  (b.  h. ;  cmp.  y>,  ",xa)  kind,  genus,  species. 
Peah  n,  5  1TIX  'a  one  kind  of  seed.  Ter.  H,  4  ■poTfltl  -,-x 
a*^  a^XE  bs  'aa  you  must  not  separate  T'rumah  from  one 
species  to  redeem  fruits  of  another  species.  Ib.6  ..r"-"p- 
*TTIX  'a  cucumbers  and  melopepons  are  considered  as  the 
same  species.  Bice  HI,  10  "U^aa  'a  D-H'33n  nBDin  what 
you  add  to  the  legally  required  quantity  of  first  fruits 
must  be  of  the  same  species;  what  is  used  for  decorating 
the  first  fruits,  ':"a  ir'xra  '-  must  be  of  a  different  kind. 
— Hull.  100a,  b^iS  xb  irai  f^  v.  bas.  Eo.  97b,  a.  fr. 
""•-  ""N'rz  '  -  a  heterogeneous  mixture  (of  forbidden  and 
permitted  things) ;  a.  v.  fr.— PL  D",?'ia,  fS^O,  constr.  "VV. 
Peah  1.  c.  'a  "»30  n51t  if  he  planted  on  it  two  different 





seeds,  lb.  t^un  i>TQ  "flffi  two  kinds  of  wheat.  Naz.  VI,  1 
'=1  pTOSK  'a  niabu?  three  kinds  of  prohibitions  exist 
with  reference  to  the  nazarite. — '"tin  riSQttJ  the  seven 
products  of  Palestine  (Deut.  VIII,  8).  Bice.  I,  3 ;  a.  fr. — 
'an  ruuan  the  five  species  of  grain  (wbeat,  barley,  rye, 
oat  and  spelt).  Ned.  VII,  2;  a.  fr.— pblbniU)  %  tXfSn»  the 
four  species  of  the  festive  wreath,  v.  3blb.  Men.  111,6;  a. 
fr. — pas  something  like,  in  the  shape  of,  of  the  nature  of. 
Ker.  5b  1T3  'as  drawing  the  shape  of  a  crown;  "O  'as 
W,  v.  "O.  lb.  'si  f**B  inttJ  'as  two  drops  of  oil  looking 
like  pearls.  Taan.  8l) ;  a.  v.  fr. 

j  D  III  m,  (preced.)  [a  peculiar  person,]  sectarian, 
infidel.  Ab.  Zar.  65a  niaiKSLU)  'as  SOil  "'tl  he  is  legally 
treated  like  an  infidel  of  the  gentiles,  i.e.  like  a  gentile  that 
has  rejected  the  gods  of  his  people/ — Esp.  Min,  a  Jewish 
infidel,  mostly  applied  to  Jew- Christians  (and  in  editions 
controlled  by  censors,  often  substituted  by  ipllUpms&c). 
Hor.  lla  'a  MT  iin  b^srfj  Ms.  M.  (ed.  fpWfi  if  he  eats 
forbidden  fat  in  a  defiant  manner  (v.  b?3),  he  is  a  Min; 
ib.  (another  opin.)  V'S  tSX/tn  bs  'a  VflTW  who  is  a  Min? 
(A  Jew)  who  worships  idols.  — Gitt.  45b  'a  isnsti)  n"D  a 
book  of  the  Law  written  by  a  Min,  contrad.  to  i1S3;  a. 
fr.— PI.  ens/a,  ftyva.  Y.  Ber.  IX,  i2d  bot.  'si  nx  i^ffl'an 
the  Minin  asked  R.  Simlai  &c.  Tosef.  B.  Mets.  II,  33  'an 
nmoam  fiilaittJani  the  Minin,  the  apostates  and  the  in- 
formers; Ab.  Zar.  26b  (Rashi:  idolatrous  priests,  Jews  or 
gentiles) ;  a.  fr. — Tan  J"C13  the  (twelfth)  section  inserted 
in  the  Prayer  of  Benedictions  and  containing  an  im- 
precation against  the  Minim.  Ber.  28b,  sq.  (ed.  diplixn) ; 
a.  fr. 

fcO^D  I  ch.=h.  "pa  II.  Targ.  Y.  Lev.  XI,  4.— Hull.  79a 
nasi  'a  the  species  to  which  its  (the  mule's)  mother  be- 
longs. Ib.  1W9  'a  Sin  lhVe  all  of  them  are  considered 
one  species  (independent  of  their  parentage).  Ib.  66ani3ial 
that  which  is  of  the  same  kind,  rW»1  ixbl  that  which  is 
of  a  different  kind;  a.  e. — PI.  p3pa,  K^iTO,  *5*W.  Targ.Y. 
Lev.  XI,  13.  Targ.  Koh.  II,  5.— [Y.  B.  Kam.  IX,  6d  bot.  IMP 
"iay,  v.  TOD.] 

MTDH.riHDTQ,  *%%  S^T^ch.=h.pani. 

Ber.  58a"  Ms.  M.  (ed.  ipllX).  V.  Snh.VlI,  25d  top  -jinan 
'si  1131a  in  a  certain  Min  saw  them,  and  said  what  he 
said  (a  conjuration).  Ib.  XH3ia  'jttB  pi£3  ia  when  that 
Min  came  out.  Ib.  bot.  'SI  lilX  3i&3  'a  in  a  Min  took 
up  a  pebble  and  threw  it  up  &c;  a.  fr.— PI.  ifcOia,  Ki*?ia, 
i?pa.  Koh.  R.  to  1, 8  &tk)  'a  nib  "JltW  the  Minin  did  some- 
thing (some  sorcery)  to  him.  Ab.  Zar.  4a  'Si  'ab . . .  nsnttfa 
R.  Ab.  praised  R.  S.  to  the  Minin  (in  office)  as  being  a 
great  scholar;  a.  fr.— [Sabb.  133b  bot.  iJOia  31!),  read  iJOa, 
v.  npa.] 

fc^Q  III  pr.  n.  m.  Mina.  Y.  B.  Mets.  V,  beg.  10a  '"1 
'a  -0V2  (v.  Fr.  M'bo  p.  66b).  — [Y.  Ber.  I,  3d  top  Via© 
'a  "Q,  ed.  Lehm.  NnjiX,  read  JOiX,  v.  Fr.  ib.  p.  125b.] 

VXTD,  v.  ^tk;. 

JPUTa,  MH^y  v.  sub.  -nsa. 

t  :      •  TT:t  11  ■ 

**3"D,  "*2Q  m.  (nsa)  appointment  to  office,  onfo'- 
nation.  Y.  Snh.  I,  18c  bot.  (ref.  to  Ez.  XIII,  9  ma  3ns31 
'SI)  'an  nT  that  means  tbe  ordination  (of  teachers).  Ib.  19a 
bot.  [read:]  'a  1i12ia  its  (his)  appointment  is  valid.  Y. 
R.  Hash.  II,  58b  top  'an  mx  "psbin  "VD^Sfc  to  proclaim 
an  intercalation  we  go  by  tbe  dates  of  ordination  (tbe 
oldest  graduate  voting  first);  Y.  Snh. I,  18c  "p^an  (corr. 
ace.).— Y.  Hor.  Ill,  end,  48c  'si  iJO  'ab  bsx  but  in  or- 
dination 'those  seeing  the  face  of  tbe  King  (the  Nasi) 
are  those  seated  first  in  office'  (an  adaptation  of  Esth. 
1, 14),  i.  e.  the  scholars  of  Tiberias,  as  the  seat  of  the  Nasi, 
have  the  preference  to  those  of  the  South;  Esth.  R.  to 
I,  14  'ias  D13.  Num.  R.  s.  15,  end  Di3pT,1  'a  the  appoint- 
ment of  the  elders;  a.  fr. 

MS,  *nrC,  mSn  ch.  same.  Targ.  II  Chr. 
XXXI,  13.— Y.  Snh.  I,  19aTbot."'Sl  'ab  -,1"ip  ',an  there  (in 
Babylonia)  they  call  the  ordination  s'mihhutha  (v.  MISiaD); 
a.e.— P^.pilJia.  Y.  Taan.  IV,  68a  'a  p"in  iJaa  nm  ordain- 
ed only  two  (each  year) ;  Koh.  R.  to  VII,  7  piOa  (read 

*fSFty  t.  13131a, 

pl3]D,  N|3lM,  "^H  m.  (p?i)  child,  boy.  Targ.  Y.  II 
Num. XI, 12^1  N|5i3ia).— Y.  Sabb. XIV,  14d  pi3iial  nxiH 
mSTQi  dry  excrements  of  a  child.  Y.  M.  Kat.  Ill,  81d  bot. 
'Si  'a  inb  .  .  .  nan  she  saw  a  teacher  strike  a  child  too 
severely.  Gen.  R.  s.  87;  Yalk.  ib.  145,  v.  K?M>I.  Y.Sabb. 
I,  3b  npiVa  his  child;  a.  fr.— PL  Nipira, '  ipisia,  '11a. 
Y.  Snh.  VII,  25d,  v.  Knitt3lU35.  Y.  Ben  II,  5a  top,  v.'i*13b. 
Lev.  R.  s.  37  '31  ibpbpa  'al  with  which  the  children 
make  sport  &c. ;  a.  e. 

MrplD^X?  f.  (preced.)  girl— PI.  Kn^l'S^a.  Pesik.  R. 
s.  3,  beg.  'al  KliSD  Xins  (not  pn...)  like  the  ball  of  the 
girls  (=  h.  ni33  bffl  1113,  v.  1113). 

Tr\Tl2  f.  (pa  III)  heresy,  infidelity.  Tosef.  Hull.  II,  24 
'a  1131  b3>  DSn3  was  arrested  on  the  charge  of  heresy 
(suspicion  of  being  a  Jew-Christian).  Ib.  131  ....  KQttH 
'31  'a  bttJ  perhaps  one  of  the  Minin  told  you  some  inter- 
pretation in  their  style,  and  it  gave  thee  pleasure?;  Ab.Zar. 
16b  bot.  -pib  S*3  'a  Nam  (insert  131);  Koh.R,  to  I,  8.  Meg. 
IV,  8  (24b)  'an  "pi  IT  iin  (Bab.  ed.  DiJOpn,  Ms.  M.  'an) 
such  is  the  manner  of  the  Minin;  ib.  Ei33£inn  "11  (Ms. 
M.  niSian,  corr.  n313£in,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  notes  100,  sq.). 
Ib.  9  'an  -pi;  Ber.  V,  3  (34a)  'a  1311  early  eds.  (ed.  ft'CTB, 
missing  in  Mishn.  a.  Y.  ed.).  Lev.  R.  s.  28,  beg. ;  .Koh.  R.  to 
I,  3 ;  XI,  9  'a  13J?  yea  pW  filial  words  which  manifest 
an  inclination  towards  heresy;  a.  e. 

"rara,  v.  i-jsa. 

^12VT12,  v.  iaii?a. 

^"O^D,  Y.  Snh.  I,  18c  top  'aa,  read:  M^yTOO, 

■]^3TQ,^|TQ,  v.^ah. 

trard,  ticpyv,  ipyiri  lib^o  v.  SUb  '13a. 

,t:       «  tt:       •      ,  t  :       •      ■    Tt:       •'  *:• 




HjWD,  v.  pan. 

n^p^'D,  'n3E  f.  (p:1;)  nursing.  Y.  Nidd.  I,  49abot.; 
ib.c  top  nr""-:"-:  ■:"  the  time  during  which  she  nurses; 
Bab.  ib.  36a;  10,J;  a.  fr.  — [Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.  IV,  5,  v. 
r -:-;.] 

T^l"2,  v.  rp:-a. 


"jI'EI  whence?,  v.  -,:a. 

C^"!2  m.  (c:x)  oppression,  violence.  Targ.  Is.  X,  1  (h. 
text  •■x). 

JtfpIj'C,  ^Q  m.  name  of  an  undergarment  (perh. 
a  corrupt,  of  manica  =  tunica  manicata).  Targ.  Esth. 
VIII.  15  (some  ed.  HtyfcQ). 

$T~plmj2  f.  ch.=h.  Wp^ia.    Lam.  B.  to  I,  1  TBI 

(*NKQ  --  6)  'z  TIT ymsy  twenty-four  months  of 


rp""^,  npnDS  f.  (b.  h.;  p3^)  1)  a  woman  giving 
suck,  wet-nurse,  v.  p:~. —  2)  (v.  p:x)  siphon,  tube;  small 
cup.  Kel.  IX,  2.  Ab.  Zar.  58a  'zz  JTip  tapped  with  a  siphon. 
Kel.  XIV,  2  'a  TDiha  htt»  if  he  put  a  knob  (cup)  on  the 
top  of  the  cane.  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Mets.  IV,  5  nxrrr  ffijwq 
'="  rrr-  ed.  Zuck.  (B.  S.  to  Kel.  XIV,  2  rp-.z)  a  cup 
which  one  put  under  a  door  (as  a  pivot).  Tosef.  Dem. 
HI,  6  rrp-:a  ed.  Zuck.;  Y.  ib.  H,  22a  bot.  rp-:a— Y.  Ab. 
Zar.  IV,  44b  top  njWO.— [Pirke  d'B.  El.  ch.  XLIII  '- 
■_x-,  v.i "-;•:.]— PI.  r'-p-;"z,  ':z.  Tosef.  Zeb.  1, 12  'ar.  -~z 
ed.  Zuck.  (ed.  r.^p'ZZ)  or  when  he  made  the  libation  out 

of  tubes.— v.  rrfyara. 

rf>TT2,  ^l"n  'E  (read  R1Ttor«*1Tt)lL  (pi^) [sucfrer 
of  animals,]  hedge-hog.  Targ.  Y.  Lev.  XI,  30,  v.  &6">\ — 
V.  n-Ts. 

S!TZ"!!2,  nriD^Q  m.  (mentha,  uiv9a)  mint.  Ukts.I,  2 
(Mish.  ed.  xr'zri,  corr.  ace;  Var.  in  R.  S.a.l.  xr~X  q. v.). 
Y.  Dem.  II,  22c  bot. 

SO'E,  V.  X£a. 

fc$0"7-,  Y'lamd.  to  Num.  I,  quoted  in  Ar.,  v.  ftBfla< 

2Z'*2,  ZZ'^Zj  2C12,  2*012  m.  (355)  fafct'na,  «/7i«0 
«/>.— TP*»  <a=h.D>Q&  X"--, partiality.  Targ. Y. Ex.  XXIII, 
3:  a.  e.  — Targ.  Y.  I  Gen.  IV,  8  (not  TWl).  Targ.  Prov. 
XXVIII.  21  -2X2  'z  (read:  ■««).— fWWN  *U  taking  and  giv- 
ing, dealing.  Targ.  Is.  IX,  4. 

StPE,  v.  nca. 

"plCTE,  read: 

i  lO"72  m.  (uisos  -ov,)  middle.  Lam.  B.  to  I,  1  Ten 
('rx-:  tt,  7)  xmxn  'ar.  in  the  middle  of  the  road.  Ib. 
CtTTfO  in)  'ar  Ar.  (ed.  tntaa)  in  the  middle  of 
the  shop. 

p0*U  m.  (missus)  course  at  dinner.  Tanh.  ed.  Bub. 
B'resh.  2  'z  'z  course  after  course.  —  PI.  same.  Ib.  ttaz 
"]?  rrn  'a  how  many  courses  had  you? — Y'lamd.  to  Num. 
I,  quot.  in  Ar.  X~"'i  )TOD  (corr.  ace). 

Hratra,  ""'^w':,  v.  sub  '--. 

p"Dm12,  v.  p"^-2. 
"3p*73,  v.  'son. 
Ca2C"iQ  semissis,  v.  C"a"~'-. 
KIDC'D,  v.  KTsaa 

*  t  :  :   - 

lpm12,  Y.  Gitt.  I,  43b,  a  corrupt.,  prob.  for  "jCS?  (Gr2) 
hot-tempered.  [Comment.:  =  X^X  physician,  —  does  not 
fit  the  context.] 

pSO^D,  v.  p&zz. 

pO*E>  pS'r  m.  (pB?)  rising,  (sun-)  rise.  Targ.  Ps. 
XXII,  5.  Targ.  Cant.  HI,  6,  a.  e.,  v.  xnipT^. 

^OnD  f-  C«*)  bunch.— PI.  fVn.  Y.  Shebi.  U,  34a 
bot.,  v/rak 

*"jiP";D  m.  (-flO)  seducer,  tempter.  Pes.  107a  Ar.,  v. 

D^DIFD^  f.  (ji(GOcoaic)  /ease,  re/rf.  Y.  Pes.  VI,  31b 
bot.  'TW8  (corr.  ace);  v.  "aix  I. 

fcTWD,  H^TtfC,  v.  sub  *&a 

t::       •  r   :     :       •  »  :  ■ 

0*D"IT,D*E,  v.  orotaem, 

"^""C,  —  ">£  m.  (rra)  1)  reduction  of  size,  the  space 
reduced.  Erub.  77a  *3\  itMnfl  W  rx  if  the  reduction  of 
the  height  (by  lowering  the  wall  or  raising  the  embank- 
ment) extends  over  four  handbreadths ;  '  an  ~".z  only  as 
far  as  the  reduction  extends. — 2)  minority.  Y.  Pes.  VII, 
34e  bot.  'ar  IX  ZVTZ  (not  'ar  'rr*,r)  do  we  treat  the  case  as  if 
it  were  a  majority  (of  unclean  \  ersons),  or  as  if  it  were  a 
minority?  Ib.  '"22  TQTl  "pX  (not  'ar)  if  you  will  consider 
it  a  minority.  Y.  Kidd.  I,  59b  top.  Yeb.  119a  rfl:*2a  'a  a 
minority  of  women  miscarry;  a.  e.  —  3)  the  least  of.  B. 
Hash.  lla;  Yeb.  42a;  Nidd.  38b  (ref.  to  I  Sam.  I,  20)  '"Z 
*ZV\  rWlpn  the  least  of  fkufoth  (plural  number)  is  two 
(seasons,  of  three  months  each),  the  least  of  yamin  is 
two  days;  a.  e. — 4)  narrowing  qualification,  limitation. 
Yoma  43a;  B.  Kam.  86°,  a.  fr.  *  T»  '  -  pXI  'a  nnx  'a  "*n 
'=■:  x'rX  this  is  a  Umitation  following  a  limitation,  and 
a  double  limitation  serves  to  widen  the  scope  (because 
the  repetition  indicates  that  no  limitation  is  meant, 
but  only  an  exemplification);  Y.  Peah  V,  end,  19d  (corr. 
ace).  Y.Hor.  I,  beg.  45c '~  nnx  '-  -rx  'z  three  successive 
limitations.  Lev.  B*  s.  24,  end  'a  "prb  plV'n  it  says  'only' 
(Dent.  XXV III,  13)  which  intimates  a  limitation;  a.  fr. — 
PI.  tttSBfiD,  fpO^O,  'ra.  Tosef.  Shebu.  I,  7  ffilfi  rtTl 
'z"i  ""\Z*~  interpreted  the  Bible  texts  with  a  view  to 




widening  and  narrowing  the  limits  of  the  respective  laws. 
Y.Sabb.VII,  10b  '31'aibx  ^H  K"*1  "|K  akh  and  hu  (Ex.  XII, 
16,  are  limiting  qualifications  intimating  that  you  must 
not  cut,  grind  &c.  (on  the  Holy  Day).  Y.  Ber.  IX,  14b 
bot.,  v.  "XI;  a.  fir. 

S'J^D  ch.  same.  Erub.  77*  'a  lariK  ^X  if  the  re- 
duction has  any  effect.  Yeb.  1 19'1  '31  nibiEa'i  *a  "pad  add 
the  minority  of  miscarrying  women  to  the  half  of  female 
births,  and  the  male  births  will  be  a  minority.  Hull.  6a, 
a.  fr.  'ab  ttJ^n  takes  into  consideration  the  minority  (the 
possibility  of  the  rarer  cases).  Yeb.  119b,  a.  e.  xb  'al  'a 
UPTl  a  minority  of  a  minority  he  does  not  take  into  con- 
sideration. Kidd.  80a  left  xmbl  *xa3  'a  a  minority  is  con- 
sidered as  non-existent.— P/.^aWvp.  Snh.45b,  sq.  WQ"'*l  W~n 
'ai,  v.  preced. 


»JJ1*OT3,  v.  xp/tfa. 

XDTPlD'"'^  (a  feigned  part.  Ithp.  of  th&,  denomin.  of 
VMS,  a  substitute  of  fPIS  which  again  is  a  substitute  of 
•TO,  v.  ^^d)  JwiW  6e  a  #aA£z.  Ned.  10b  ixa  'a  how  is 
it,  if  one  says  mipp'hazna  (for  mipp'zihna)  ? 

stasia,  v.  x^-osa. 

T     :    -        •  t    :   :    • 


SpD"a,  SJ5BQ  m.(pB3)  1)«b#,  end.  Targ.Ex.XXXIV, 
22  (ed.  Berl.  *pE"«a;  cod.  7  RjSttOjoth.  XpTBa,  npBa;  v.Berl. 
Targ.  O.H,  p.  31);  ib.  XXIII,  16.— P£  ^B^'  'W?-  Y-Ter- 

VIII,  46b  bot.,  sq.  xraiiu  'as  =  h.  roia  ^xsia,  v.  xsia  m. 
—2)  going  out,  v.  xbsa. 

Y^IZ  to  suck,  v.  'pa. 

jr'Q  m.  (b.  h.;  pa)  [£/?a£  wfa'c/i  is  won  by  squeezing,] 
juice.  Y.  Naz.  I,  51b  SlblS  bl»  'a  the  juice  of  'Orlah  fruits 
(v.  nVw). 

<2S>*ID>  v.  xssa. 

i  \H*12  f.  ("pa)  [that  which  is  squeezed  in,]  the  joint 
or  collar  of  reeds,  stalks  &c.  Kel.  IX,  8  fSf^O  bttJ  ST31B  'a 
the  second  joint  of  a  stem  of  oats ;  M3p  bui . . .  'a  of  reeds. 

"i.SZ "D,  H12  m.  («"isa)  1)  squeezing,  tvringing  out  (of 
the  blood  of  the  sacrifice).  Zeb.  52a.  Ib.  65a;  a.  fr.— 
2)  (cmp.  "Wfa)  exact  measure.  Bets.  Ill,  8  "OSa . . .  bind.  C]X 
rvnart  'a  in  week-days  he  did  the  same  (filled  the  meas- 
ures beforehand)  for  the  sake  of  exact  measure  (in  order 
to  allow  the  liquids  to  settle).  Ib.  29a  they  collected 
three  hundred  garab  of  oil  rvrian  'aa  as  the  surplus  in 
his  accounts  realized  from  the  remnants  in  the  measures ; 
Tosef.  ib.  Ill,  8  (v.  ed.  Zuck.  Var.).— Trnsf.  U3B3n  'a  [the 
squeezing  of  the  soul  out  of  the  body,]  agony  of  death. 

Tanh.  Mick.  10  (ref.  to  X'sa,  Ps.  XXXII,  6)  'a  b3>  bbfitv 
'Dti  let  him  pray  that  he  may  be  spared  the  agony  of 
death. — dWi  'a  [the  pressing  through  of  the  day,]  sunrise 
and  sunset.  Gen.  B.  s.  92  (ref.  to  Ps.  1.  c.)  dlTi  'a  nsb  at 
evening-time;  Y.  Ber.  IV,  7b  bot.  dV  bllJ  l^BWB  rcb  (pi.) 
at  morning  and  at  evening,  v.WWJ. — "pin 'a  final  (exact) 
judgment  (after  death);  "pd83fin  'a  final  count  (of  sins). 
Gen.  E.  1.  c— PI.  "p^SFa,  with  suffix  VJWO  (cmp.  T*Ba  for 
V^tta  s.  v.  «"i;a);  v.  supra. 

3^*72,  :£2  m.  (3>3£a)  middle,  midst.  Targ.  Job  VII, 
12  (Ms.  'MlttO).  Targ.  Y.Deut.  XXIII,  11. 

&OI2SpQ,  %'Q  m.  ([xuarpoi;,  -ov)  spoon.— 'p-Pda  'a  (v. 
■pniaa)  mystromacherion,  an  instrument  having  a  spoon 
on  one  side  and  a  knife  on  the  other  (cmp.  Sm.  Ant.  s. 
v.  Cochlear).  Lev.  B.  s.  33,  beg.  (ref.  to  Prov.  XVIII,  21) 
'31  'a  'a  db^pS>  d3>in  Aquila  interpreted  it,  'a  spoon-knife', 
death  on  one  side  and  life  on  the  other;  Yalk.  ib.  661 
'a  "ttttMW;  Yalk.  Ps.  768  'al  "hOSCO  (read:  'aViBSa). 

TlESTa,  sabb.  i54b,  v.  vrat, 

99TQi  XSQFQ,  'SQ  dm***  Targ.Y.Num.XVII, 
12,  sq.  (ed.  Amst.  3*0).  Targ.  Y.  I,  ib.  XXII,  24.  Targ.Y. 
I  Ex.  XIV,  27;  a.  fr.  — B.  Mets.  108a  [read:]  !T>d32"i  »aa 
(Eashi:  isya  ">S)  in  the  centre  of  his  (the  seller's)  land). 

fcCETH,  N22TQ  m.  (=Mpsa)  central,  middle,  be- 
tween extremes.  Targ.  Y.  Lev.  XIV,  17,  v.  X^a.—  Ned. 
31b  top  'a  X3"dT  (R.  N.  XS^Sa)  middle  goods  (holding  the 
mean  between  goods  which  the  seller  is  anxious  to  get 
rid  of,  and  such  as  are  sought  after  eagerly),  v.  XB^n. — 
PI.  T*S2^a,  i?2">a.  Targ.  II  Chr.  VI,  18  (ed.  Lag.  "W^ia). 
— Ber.l8b.  Ker.6b/adin  between  (the  other  ingredients). 
B.  Mets.  108a,  v.  preced.— Naz.  56b  "jS'nax  xb  'a  those 
intermediate  in  the  chain  of  tradition  need  not  be  men- 
tioned (only  the  first  and  the  last).  V.  X^Sa. 

tfpa,  v.  w*' 

"!■»  Q  *)  Part<  Hif*  of  "IS?  q-  v. —  2)  pathway,  narrow, 
balk,  v.  "lsa. 

fcrcra,  nsnyu  v.  SUb  >**. 

pnQ,  Pa.  ptao,  v.  pw. 

^j?E>  'pTO,  v-  %?i  ^p.  — [Y.  Dem.  HI,  beg.  26a 
ilDba  *D,  read :  bpa.] 

Dp1^,  DpD  m.  (d«ip)  standing.  Targ.  Josh.  IV,  3  *inx 
'a  (h.  text  nsa). 

napna,  v.  xapa. 

T  't     1 

"JP^O  (p^a;  cmp.  "ja^sj)  to  mock.  Targ.  Ps.  CXIX,  51 
•p3piaa  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  *(3  .'. .,  ",3  .  . .). 

~!pnQ  m.  (Tip)  cooling.  Tosef.  Sabb.  XVII  (XVHI), 
18;  Sabb.  151b  'a  *^Q  cooling  vessels  (glass  &c).  Ib.  53b 
fiandb  'a  *pX  cooling  (as  placing  in  water)  is  not  gener- 




ally  done  to  beasts  (unless  they  are  sick).  —  [Part.  JSif. 
np^a,  v.  T£.] 

Sn*23  myrrh,  v.  srfla. 

tXTVll  v.  Ktm 

rrPC  Yalk.  Zeph.  567,  v.  WTWIL 

JH"!*^  m.  (denom.  of  SHxa,  v.  i'nx)  selecting  the  green 
and  tender  onions  in  the  bed.  Y.  Peahin,  17c  top  "CH  ">xi 
'"3  and  what  is  merug?  [Ib.  VFtttl,  read:  insjan,  v.  S'TK.] 

"pTE,  v. ",'-:. 

l"l  u  m.  (P?a)  polishing,  finishing.  Pesik.  Nab..,  p. 
127a  '-  '~z~—^  ""Si  your  words  require  polishing  (are 
incomplete).— Euphem.  sexual  gratification  attended  with 
effusion  of  semen.  Yeb.  55b. 

pmHT'12}  Tosef.  Dem.  IV,  13,  v.  ynq. 

n  I  L  m.  ("Ha)  embittering,  hard  labor  (with  ref.  to 
Ex.  I,  14).  Num.  R.  s.  3  the  family  was  called  M'rari,  73 
'-  ftitO)  an  allusion  to  their  bitter  task  (of  carrying  the 
wooden  material  of  tbe  Tabernacle).  Pesik.  R.  s.  15  d"H*2 
'"  V'-3  .  .  .  Miriam  intimates  the  bitterness  (of  slavery); 
Yalk.  Cant.  986.   [Cant.  R.  to  II,  11,  a  gloss.] 

D"i!2""]  £  m.  (a--2)  a  bird  that  has  lost  its  feathers. 
Y.  Meg.  I,  72b. 

-,  J  IPs  H  D  12  (jxupt-jxupiaos;)  tfew  thousand 
times  ten  thousand'.  Pesik.  Bahod.,  p.  107b;  Yalk.  Ps.  796 
(corr.  ace);  v.,  however,  ",?>,3. 

""" -,  Tosef. Neg.  in,  10 'am ed.  Zuck. (Var. pITani), 
read  :  f*rjit*ft,  v.  tna  n. 

DTq]  D""PD,v'tman. 

T  T  T       •    -; 

"i""«"CH"«3  m.  ([xupuivaxov,  S.  =  Lat.  myrtatum) 
(wine  or  oil)  flavored  with  myrtle-leaves.  Y.  Shebi.  Vil, 
37 b  (some  ed.  'Tia). 

?  J'U  weakening,  v.  S^ia. 

J$3p.*Q  pasture,  v.  "tFTO  I. 

Ipn^li  Tosef.  Mikv.  VI  (VII),  13  ed.,  read  with  ed. 
Zuck.  p-re.  v.  pno. 

""]"£,  riHQ  m.  (rVP,  as  crro?  fr.  IDT*,  v.  PI.  to  Levy 
Targ.Dict.n,  p.  5681)  a,^  /Mice.  Targ.Y.Deut.  XXIX,  5 

(h.  text  *i=o).  v.  rvno. 

CS«J  '!■■  I  pr.  n.  pi.  (v.  next  w.)  Mesha,  1)  a  place  in 
northern  Galilee  (v.  Hildesh.,  Beitr.  p.  38).  Tosef.  Shebi, 
IV,  11  ed.  Zuck.  note  (Var.  xr--a).— 2)  M.  in  Babylonia, 
in  the  district  of  Mesene,  v.  fXfta.  Y.  Yeb.  I,  3b ;  Y.  Kidd. 
IV,  65d  top.  Gen.  R.  s.  37  treHO  (identified  with  Kflja,  Gen. 
X,  30 ;  Targ.  Wja,  Kflta).   [Talm.  Bab.  ffrg  q.  v.] 

^w"2  II,  Stj""_D  (StfZTXa,  fiWJKTo)  pr.  n.  m.  Mesha 
(=  XJTOa,  v.  Nold.  Mand.  Gr.,  p.  64),  name  of  several 
persons.  Erub.  13b  x;:"a  s6x  . . .  TSttJ  *i  X;  Ms.  M.  (ed. 
■nmrn,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note),  v.  f»a  PeahIL  6  X-"- 

Y.  ed.(Ms.  M.  *n»;  ed.  '8W3,  v. Rabb.  D.  S.  a.l.  note);  Naz. 
56b  'vm.— Hull.  12la  'i-3.  Y.  Orl.  I,  61a  bot. ;  Y.  Maasr. 
V,  51d  top.— Y.  Sabb.  I,  3a  bot;  Y.  Ber.  n,  end,  5d  8W 
(corr.  ace.). — lb.  4C  bot.  M.,  grandson  of  R.  Joshua  b. 
Levi.— Y.  Sabb.  I,  2C  top.— Y.  Naz,  IX,  57d  bot.  M.,  son  of 
R.  Jeremiah.— Y.  Pes.  IV,  30d  top  'a  "«  members  of  the 
Mesha  family. 

XfipZISna,  v.  xpa-ijaii. 


HlLT'Dm.  (b.h.;TS^)p/a»w,  level;  common  (cmp.  <"JSp2). 
Yoma  75a"(play  on  LPWTil,  Prov.  XXIII,  31)  "jVta  nrns 
'as  Y1^"  JTiaTT  all  forbidden  connections  appear  to  him  like 
a  common  (to  which  all  have  access).  lb.  "02...zbv~  72 
the  entire  world  appears  to  him  like  a  common  (he  dis- 
regards other  people's  rights);  Num.  R.  s.  10  "jmst  WIS 
'as  IpSM  he  considers  all  sins  free  like  a  common.  lb. 
'as  EFPra  .  . .  "pKJ'BCJ  they  (the  oppressors)  carry  off  all 
that  belongs  to  them  (the  Jews),  and  their  houses  are 
left  levelled  like  a  common.  Tanh.  R'eh  3  fin'pnn  ttttH 
'31  'a  ftnbnn  rtWfl  'a  nsiDI  D^Sp  one  road  full  of  thorns 
in  the  beginning  but  level  in  the  end,  and  one  level  in 
the  beginning  &c;  a.  e. 

anis-a,  irrcrn,  awlspp,  v.  snb  1^0, 
«Di^n  ptfu  Mrnstfo,  v.  sub  -sm. 

t  :       •       I  t    :      .'         t        :     : 


1^"Z2,  "pETQ  pr.n.  (v.  iZ&v  I)  Meshan,  Mesene,  the 
island  formed  by  the  Euphrates,  the  Tigris  and  the  Royal 
Canal.  Kil.  49b  'a  hba3  nrOT  nine  measures  (of  impu- 
dence) M.  has  carried  off.  lb.  71b,  a.  e.  WW3  pCTg  M. 
is  dead  (for  purity  of  descent),  v.  DW5-  Yoma  10a  (expl. 
"TO  CCttTI,  Gen.  X,  11)  'al  ma  Perath  Meshan  (v.  Berl. 
Beitr.  z.  Geogr.,  p.  44).  B.  Kam.  97b  'an  HKT&tl  ,..VO">  he 
may  say  to  him,  pass  it  (the  repealed  coin)  in  Mesene. 
B.  Bath.  73a  jaHrOT;  Sabb.  101a  'SJTan,  v.  tUi%'%  Kidd. 
72b  v.  ywaiaat 

"-K2jnD  m.,  nnDl2n^f.  (preced.)  Mesenian.  Kidd.  71b 
'a  josnaan  Stn  that  Apamea  where  the  Mesenian  dialect 
is  spoken. 

""©nZ3>  ™l^3p.  m-  0>.  h.  D^OTa;  toj)  straight  line, 
horizontal,  level.  Kidd.  H,  6  'a  'a'  ■n'TC  nittH&  to  divide 
his  field  in  straight  lines  (beds)  of  various  seeds  (instead 
of  squares,  MYT3).  Y.  ib.  II,  28a  top.  Y.  Erub.  IV,  21d 
bot.  a  telescope  (v.  nieisa)  'aa  tv&  na  tWJt  rrrrc  the 
horizontal  range  of  which  he  had  tested  before  (v.  Bab. 
ib.  43b).— Y.  ib.  V,  22d  top  [read:]  .  .  "CttJai  niElsa  SOaa 
'si  'aa  he  takes  a  telescope  and  tests  its  horizontal 
range,  and  then  &c. 

SHOT,  Vntift2,  'til2l  ch.  same,  1)  bed.-Pl. 
""^-2,  lyKBQ.  Kidd.  39a  "2  ilea  .  . .  5*lT  Ar.  (ed.  'X'ra) 
planted  the  garden  of  the  school-house  in  beds  (of  various 
plants),  v.  preced.— 2)  plain,  valley.  Targ.  Gen.  XII,  6  (h. 




text  "jibx).  lb.  O.  XXXV,  8  (h.  text  fflNg).  Targ.  Deut.  XI, 
30  (h.  text  TVSTS).  lb.  Ill,  10  (h.  text  rfohft;  a.  fr.—  Lev. 
R.  s.  12,  beg.  '0  hVra  TQS  Xim  C]10  finally  he  (the  drunk- 
ard) will  make  his  house  a  level  (v.  liura).  Sabb.  110b 
TTOI  "TB  "<b  2n  (sub.  **1  HWITPOO)  give  me  of  what  grows 
in  the  waste  places  of  the  valley  (or  bed)  of  leek. — PI. 
K**?^  T3^9  C^P)-  Targ.  0.  Num.  XXII,  1  (Y.  X*'"]UJa, 
corr.  ace).  Targ.  O.  Deut.  XI,  30;  a.  e.  — Gen.  R.  s.  42 
(transl.  Wj,  Gen.  XIV,  6)  plttfl  Hr*fl».  lb.  end  (ref.  to 
"Oft*,  ib.  13)  Xlaai  'a.— Sabb.  1.  c.  "nfflitfl  (Rashi  KrVWJa, 

Ms.  M.  "TOttjo),  v.  xira  a.  xns. 

BntiTQ'IIi  *ntj"t)  camp,  T.^tio. 

t  I       •  ••     :       • 

rTQ  I  ch.=h.  rvra  to  die,  6e  dead.  Imperf.  nw,  WW*. 
Targ.  Gen.  V,  8.  Ib.  XLIV,  20.  Targ.  O.  Num.  XX,  29  "TO 
mo  (Var.  'a  xni,  m&ttk,  v.  Berl.  Targ.O,  II,  p.  44).  Targ. 
0.  Gen.  11,17  man  naa  (ed.  Amst.  na->a);  a.  v.  ir.—Part. 
mxa,  (wo,  ma,  na;f.  xma;  pi.  "pmyo,  "prra,  "pna.  Targ. 
Y.  Num.  XXII,  30  xma  "(ed.  Amst.  WTO).  Targ.  Ex.  XII, 
33;  a.  fr.— Ber.  31a  'JStjW  that  we  must  die.  Y.  Peah  I, 
15c  hot.  nrra  she  (his  mother)  died.  Snh.  97a  m?a  h*1  xb 
'31  C^X  none  of  that  place  ever  died  before  his  time; 

Af.  max  to  cause  death,  slay.  Targ.  O.  Gen.  V,  24  mas 
ed.  Berl.  (o'th.  ed.  max,  'SK),  Ib.  XXXVIII,  7  h"W3»  ed. 
Berl.  Targ.  I  Sam.  XIV,  1 3  maa  (ed.  Lag.  mnaa  Polel) ;  a.  fr. 

rPQ II m.,  NETO,  NHS  I,  NM  c.  (preced.)  dead; 
corpse.  Targ.  Deut.  XIV,  1.  Targ.  O.  Num.  XIX,  11  (ed. 
Amst.  Xna);  a.  fr.  — Y.  Bice.  Ill*,  65b  'a  ^Stp  ",a  pOT'p'l 
who  rise  before  the  dead  (being  carried  to  burial);  a.  fr. — 
PI.  X*ma,  tf«m  Targ.  Num.  XVII,  13;  a.  fr.— Y.  Kidd.  I, 
61cbot.  'a  bs  "ja^p  -pWrTn  13  (not  yvB+p)  when  they  stand 
by  the  dead  (lamenting);  a.  e. 

ItfrPD,  SHG  II  m.  (infin.  of  Xnx)  coming.  Targ. 
I  SamT  XVI,  4  ^a  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  Wil.Y^na);  a.  fr.— Gen. 
R.  s.  60  (ref.  to  X3a  X3,  Gen.  XXIV,  62)  '31  'aa  xnx  he 
came  from  coming?  Where  did  he  go  to? — PI.  X*ma 
(with  sing,  sense;  cmp.  fc!>S»).  Targ.  0.  Gen.  XXIV,  62 
Tfsna).— Gift,  30a  X^na  rvratt  xb  this  is  not  called  'com- 
ing home'  (as  fulfilling  the  condition).  Keth.  17a  "pia 
'31  tf'.U.r'ljJ  blessed  by  thy  coming  for  peace ;  Snh.  ^Tp'.na. 

XrP^l  f.,  constr.  nmp  =  h.  rTTpa.  Targ.  Y.  I  Gen. 
XXXV,  8 ;  a.  e. 

tf3£TO,  v.  xana. 

T     :  •  t    :    • 

nrik'/C  f.  (b.  h. ;  rfla)  death,  penalty  of  death.  Sabb. 
156b  nJICa  'a  an  unnatural  death;  haSS  'a  natural  death. 
Snh.  68a  ipXS  nmo  irvntfi  DX  if  they  shall  die  a  natural 
death.  Ib.  XI,  4  (89a)  T'33  'a  death  at  the  hand  of  the 
court.  Ib.  5  D1X  1T*S  VVna  he  must  be  put  to  death  by 
man  (court);  D->am  *Tra  IrVfta  he  shall  be  put  to  death 
by  the  Lord.  Keth.  37b  xwnx  'a  one  continued  act  of 
execution  (comprising  lashes  and  putting  to  death);  a. 
iv.—Pl.  rvirva.  Snh.  VII,  l  i"nb  noas  'a  snix  four  forms 
of  capital  punishment  have  been  entrusted  to  the  courts. 

Sot.  8b  '31  'a  3>3*1X  fh  the  divine  judgment  taking  the 
place  of  the  four  forms  of  capital  punishment  (which  the 
Jewish  courts  can  no  longer  decree)  has  not  ceased;  a.  fr. 

\]W\  '12,  v\12  m.  (nna)  stretching,  drawing  tight.  Y. 
M.  Kat.  I,  80fl  bot. — 'a  b»  ana  a  pin  used  in  weaving  or 
embroidery  to  draw  the  thread  tight,  spool.  Kel.  XIII,  5 
(Talm.  ed.  ',ima).  Ib.  'ab  ns^pnn  (ed.  Dehr.  xn^ab,  v. 
Xmall  a.  K$mo).  Ib.  8;  Yeb.43a  *zb  IX  lib  (Kel.  ed.  Dehr. 
xmab)  made  for  snuffing  the  light  (v.  BJT0)  or  as  a  spool. 

pFPQ,  T)12  m.  Ojna)  stretching,  v.  preced.  Orl.  I  4 
'a  btf)  ana  (Ms.  M.  y*Va),  v.  preced."1D,  "PTiiTO  (jxeciflopia)  borders,  front- 
iers. Gen.R.  s.50,  beg.  Ar.(v.  "p^ixl);  Lev.R.s.  27  "p-llha 
(corr.  ace). 

^Wn^Q  f.  (ma)  death,  dying.  Targ.  Y.  I  Num.  XVI, 
29;  a.  fr— B.  Bath.  16b;  Taan.  23a,  v.  xnvqn. 

fcOinrPEl  (a  feigned  part.  Ithp.  of  IPCS,  denomin.  of 
Wfl,  a  problematic  substitute  of  mii,  itself  a  substitute 
of  nits ;  v.  "WT1*)  I  wi//  6e  a  nahiz.  Ned.  10b;  v.  Xifnaia. 

&OrpQ  m.  (ma)  [death,]  the  deceased.  Yeb.  37b,  sq. 
'a  13  the  son  of  the  decceased  person. 

CS.iP/U  m.  (Xnx)  bringing  home,  drawing  towards one's 
self.  TSabb.  102a,  \.  XFisb;  [Rashi:  Xira  rope].— [Ukts.  I, 

2  Ximan,  v.  xnpa.] 

WriTD,  v.  Xira. 

t   :        •  t  i  • 

SD^^Q  (a  feigned  part.  Ithp.  of  WM,  as  a  dialectic 
substitute  of  tp",  denom.  of  l^pi,  a  substitute  of  p"1^,  itself 
a  substitute  of  'VIS)  Jw;^/  6e  a  wo'iz.  Ned.  10a  •  v.  XS'rrV1^. 

"in^D  m.  (b.  h. ;  in;)  cord,  rope.— PI.  b^Jtyia,  "'Iv'1'?. 
Num.TR.s.l2,  end.  Yalk.  Ex.  374;  a.e.—  [Tanh.KiThetse  4 
■plrVa,  read:  "plp^a.] 

^Dl^a,  v.  xsina. 

T     :   -        •  t  :  -   : 

ZVpT2,v,  xn^a. 

u!2  thy  water,  v.  "p^a. 

!jDm,  (b.  h.;  TO)  ZoM>Zy.  Sot.  10b  (play  on  ansa,  Ps. 
LVI,  1)  bsb  nrn  ^a  (TTW5  he  was  lowly  and  sincere  to 
everybody.  Lev.  R.  s.  34  '31  b3  ij&b  ip  Xiniz;  "a  the  poor 
man  is  called  makh,  because  he  is  lowly  before  every- 
body, he  is  like  the  lowest  threshold;  Midr.  Prov.  to  ch. 
XXII  '31  nsipDxn  IS  -ja  he  is  lowly  (bent  down)  to  the 
lowest  threshold. 

fcOD,  1SDSD  m.  (=  N3Sa;  T}?a)  crushed,  battered. — 
'a  XT1T  a  battered  Zuz  (which  cannot  be  passed).  Sabb. 
129a;  B.  Kam.  37a  (Ms.  M.  'xa);  Bekh.  51a  'xa. 

T     •  '  •   : 

"72212  m.,  rn55<P  f-  C^i  Fi-)  broom;  also  the  fan- 
shaped  twig  of  the  palm-tree.  Ukts.  I,  3  man  br  'an  » 




the  stem  of  'the  hroom'  of  the  palm-tree;  Tosef.  ib.I,  4 
mass.  Tanh.  Mas'e  13  (ref.  to  TtXtfl,  Is.  VIII,  23)  p"dan 
'333  he  swept  them  off  as  with  a  broom;  Num.  R.  s.  23, 
end;  Lam.  R.introd.  (R.Abbahu  2)-P2==32  0091,  v.BaTT. 
Tosef.  Sabb.  VI  (VII),  7  'an  :r  zr  sit  on  a  broom  (a 
.superstitious  practice);  a.  e. — PL  "rhsza.  Succ.  13b  'a 
3"3r  •""  palm-twigs  on  which  there  are  dates;  Y.  Bets. 
IV,  62c  top.  Pes.  56b  '"3  Vi"  the  dates  hanging  on  the 
branches.  Y.  Peah  IV,  beg.  18"  '33  3*" "r.  (leave  for  the 
poor)  dates  on  the  branches.  Y.Maasr.I,  48d  hot. — [Sabb. 
1131'  Vjrhasa,  v.  n33  I,  Pi.]  — [Ruth  R.  end  Iffgja  some 
ed.,  read:  PlTQM.] 

I  —  -■  —)  v.  pieced. 

"2.2  12,  Targ.  II  Sam.  XVII,  28,  v.  K33B. 

w  2j  -,  v.  oasr. 

SrrZr^  (*,33)=h.  n:"-,  brooch,  buckle.  Sabb. 
62a,  expl.  -.s-;:is.— lb!  I56b,  a\  yv\  II. 

"fiDDj  TDD,  v.  — ■=•:. 

n"lZ!^!C  f.(b.h.-3='3;-3S  ;  v.rTOS)  sieve.— HjCthaSQi 
Gen.  R.  si  39  ;  Yalk.  ib.  62;  Yalk.  Neh.  1071 ;  Ruth  R.  end 
(not  tWCdS  . 

EDZQu  m.("i;3S)e/of/ies-|)ress;screJt',me.  Tosef. Sabb. 
XVI  (XVII),  5  =-""  . . .  -';"-  bO  '3  (ed.  Zuck.  BW3  for  CM, 
corr.  ace.)  a  domestic  clothes-press  which  has  been  un- 
screwed to  take  out  clothes.  Sabb.  XX,  5  '21  ■p""-r"3. .. '  - 
you  may  unscrew  a  domestic  clothes-press  but  not  screw 
it  (on  the  Sabbath).  Ib."pC3"2  ~3"('3)  the  washers'  clothes- 
press.  Kel.  XVI,  7  3""r;  VO  '  -  the  carpenter's  vise  (for 
straightening  wood),  v.  fTO 3 ;  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Bath.  I,  8  3T333 
".".:  ;:'.  Ib.  15  '31  3=3,"  23," '3  the  leather  worker's  press  on 
which  he  stretches  the  hides.  Y.  Sabb.  XX,  end,  17d;  a.  e. 


i  \^2  f.  (b.  h.;  nz:)  wound,  plague,  stroke, bloiv.  Sabb. 
134b.TMeg.  13b  (ref.  to  Esth.  Ill,  1)  njOSI  .  .  .  &C3'3  "in  it 
'a?  after  the  Lord  had  prepared  the  healing  of  the  wound 
(the  means  of  salvation);  a.  v.  fir. — P.11X3  P33,  r*vTTT33  ' -. 
rrmo  '=  &c,  v.  respective  determinants.  Sot  III,  4  rz= 
"i'MTIBJ  Y.  ed.  (Bab.  a.  Mish.  tt&Q)  the  wound  inflicted  by 
the  Pharisees,  i.  e.  injury  done  under  the  pretext  of  strict 
adherence  to  the  letter  of  the  law,  or  of  benevolence;  Y. 
ib.  19a  '=-,  r.-^v  •-•:  KTIO  rr,'z'~  -the  plague  of  the  Phar- 
isees' is  he  who  advises  heirs  to  evade  paying  aliment- 
ation to  the  widow.  Ib.  "3  tPX  %%  IT  (collect,  pi.)  the 
Pharisean  plague  has  struck  her;  ib.  13  "";:  'S  '3  n*  his 
friends  under  the  pretext  of  benevolence  have  deprived 
him  of  the  benefit  of  the  poor-law;  Y.  Peah  VIII,  21* 
bot. — Sot.  I0b  (play  on  3r=3.  v.  -":)  3"  rtori  -rz~  rfftiB 
his  defect  was  a  perfection,  for  he  was  born  circumcised; 
[Rashi:  'the  place  where  he  was  to  be  wounded']. — PI. 
rvis-3.  Ex.  R.  s.  10;  a.  fr.— Snh.  I,  2  rwoVua  '"3  corporal 
punishment  (lashes,  v.  P**33=)  must  be  decreed  by  a  court 
of  three.  Ib.  10a  X&nttb  nrnst--  4a  a  number  of  lashes 
which  is  divisible  by  three  (39);  a.  £r. — Maccoth  (Ptmish- 

ments),  a  treatise  of  the  Mishnah,  Tosefta,  Talmud  Babli 
a.  Y'rushalmi,  of  the  Order  of  N'zikin. 

•  i  —12  f.  (b.  h.;  rvr)  burnt  spot  on  the  skin,  burn.  Neg. 
IX,  1  'a  iCn  IT  Cam  nana  Bine  fe  all  wounds  produced 
through  fire  (directly  or  indirectly)  are  called  'burns'.  Ib. 
YIII,  7  '3fi  LFM'fiJ  the  cicatrization  of  a  burn.  Ib.  IX,  2 ; 
SifraThazr.,Neg.,  Par.  4,  ch.VII  '=1  'al  "piO  *)■«  an  inflam- 
mation and  a  burn  cannot  be  combined  (to  make  up  the 
minimum  size  required  for  uncleanness);  a.  fr. 

[\,Jj2  m. (mfG) a  straightening  device,vise.  Pesik.Zutr., 
Haaz.  (p.  Ill  ed.Bub.)  '=1  ttV)  'SO  WO  he  placed  it  (the 
crooked  wood)  in  a  vise,  and  it  was  not  straightened; 
(Sifre  Deut.  308;  Yalk.  Deut.  942;  Yalk.  Ez.  362,  corrupt 
versions);  cmp.  "3:==3. 

I "}-■'—>  ww  pr.  n.  Mikhvar,  Makhvar,  a  district  of 
Peraea.  [The  situation  of  Machaerus  forbids  its  identi- 
fication with  our  w.]  Targ.  Y.  I,  II  Num.  XXXII,  1 ;  ib. 
XXI,  32  (Y.1 13=13;  h.  text  W).  Ib.  XXXH,  35  (Y.  I  *a 
SHKBrO,  II  nnzmVa;  h.  text  rVBSft  1ir).-Y.E.  Hash.  II, 
58a  top  TTOl  'a  vm ;  (Bab.  ib.  23b;  Tosef.  ib.  II  (I),  2  tr+fl 
— "-),v.  Tins ;  Y.  Shebi.  IX,  38dbot;  (Tosef. ib.VII,  11  3TI 
*VttttSr\  ed.  Zuck.,  v.  Var.  ib.  note).  —  Tam.  Ill,  8  '"3  ~r. 
(Talm.  ed.30b"H3);  Yoma  39b  "1333  "«lh  (Ms.O.  TrOa;  Ms. 
M.  ni"m;  Ms.  M  2  "rtttOB). 

p^lD!2  m.  pi.  faz,  V?3;  cmp.  n'312)  curtain,  cover. 
Targ.II  Kings  XXHI,  7  (Ar.  '^zz).  " 



UU  m.  (b.  h.;  "jiG)  defined  place;  plan;  residence. 
Sot.  VIII,  3  "Diaa  I»  PPO  n;i3n  he  who  rebuilds  a  house 
on  its  old  place  and  plan.  Lam.R.introd.  (R.  Joh.  1)":"3'3~ 
■(HDfiftl  to  my  original  residence  (heaven). — Esp.  Makhon, 
name  of  one  of  the  seven  heavens.    Hag.  12b. 

lUl^C  f.  (preced.)  a  place  where  animals  are  kept 
ready  for  slaughtering ;  stall,  coop.  —  PL  ri:'zz.  Ohol. 
VHI,  1.— [Y.Sabb.  XVH,  16b  top  mtWDI,  v.  X:=n2.] 

CwiJiJ'bj  f.  ("(G  Pa.)  looking  out,  lurking. — Targ. 
Jud.  V,  11  ""3C"';  r:"*3  r"3  the  place  where  robbers  lie 
in  wait. 


Tr^212,  v.  nrvoa. 

T  :  t      •    ; 

ni"liD22,  v.  nin3-3. 

wl»!C  I  m.  ('liz:)  hoe,  spud;  digging  with  the  spud.  B. 
Bath.  54a  '31  1HX  *B  H3  HTOPTD  fTO  (Ms.  R.  n2  'CZ'.Zl)  as 
soon  as  he  has  inserted  the  spud  once,  he  has  taken  posses- 
sion of  the  entire  field.  Ib.  13^3  "3,;"r"3  Z'~z  only  the 
place  where  he  dug.  —  [Y.  Ned.  IV,  beg.  38c  Vl"  tSYTTTp 
'3,  v.  r-2-:.] 

CE2  II  m.  (TOB3,  v.  3J33S)  1)  clapper  of  a  bell.  Midr. 

Till,  to  Ps.  VII,  10  '31  ?«  todai -,1332b  H  3T1  like  a 

golden  bell  whose  clapper  is  inade'of  a  jewel*. — 2)Jiaiumer, 





striking  with  the  hammer.  Ab.  Zar.  191'  "jllhx  'a  the  last 
stroke  (driving  the  nail  in).— [Tosef.  Mikv.  VI  (VII),  17 
B'ttrPCm,  ed.  Zuck.,  read :  D^aiaan,  v.  lU3a.] 

tfteq,  Ktf&Di,  m^bo  Ch.  »>»,  tom^; 

knocker.  Lev.  B.  s.  24  'a  ri!»%  mm  *,xa  whoever  has  a 
hammer  (or  a  hoe,  v.  next  w.).  Gen.  E.  s.  44  (ed.  "Wil. 
mjTBa);  Yalk.  ib.  77  ntttWJ,  v.  ttJttJS.  Y.Meg.  Ill,  73d  bot., 

v.  xiaiaa. 

S{D"D23  II  ch.*=h.  ttMjBB  L,  hoe,  spade.  Lev.  E.  s.  25 
'31  fp'jjiaa  •jlSB"'  (Var.  in  Ar.  XGB  ab"*)  shall  take  up  his 
spade  and  go  out  and  plant  trees. 

TPOD  f.  (T|0)  1)  poverty.  B.  Mets.  114a;  Arakh.  171' 
(ref.  to  SJO,  Lev.  XXVII,  8)  '31  Vidua  xmtt}  15  he  must 
have  remained  in  his  impoverished  condition  from  the 
beginning  to  the  end  of  the  proceedings.— 2)  humility.  Gen. 
E.s.74,  end  (play  onnnaa,  Ps.LX.l)  niani  msni  humility 
(of  David)  and  innocence ;  Yalk.  Sam.  147  irb  niani  ID. 

CS^  njQ  f.  (Assyr.  makua,  v.  Frankel  Zeitschr.  fur  As- 
syriol.  Ill,  p.  53;  Proceed.  Soc.  forBibl.  Archaeol.  1887, 
p.  103) a  certain  kind  of  boat,(low  boat?).  Keth.69bX"npOX 
Tm ;  (Taan.  21a  xnS^Bbl,  v.  Eabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  300),  v. 
X^ipOX;  [Eashi:  sail].  B.Bath.  161b  'a  (^2£)  drew  a 
ship  in  place  of  his  name  (Eashb.  mast);  Gitt.  36a;  87b 
(Eashi:  sail-yard). 

TflSE  f.  (n=?)  a  bite.  Koh.  E.  to  VI,  11  [read:]  Xin  IX 
'a,  v.  •itfpy?. 

"  IMwD,  "n  jD  m.  (bna)  staff  used  for  painting  the 
eye.  Kel.  XIII,  2  cpfi  ^3©  'a  a  painting  staff  the  spoon- 
shaped  side  of  which  is  broken  off;  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Mets. 
Ill,  5,  v.  13  T.  Snh.  68a  niBlBiaa  'aa;  Cant.  E.  to  I,  3,  v. 
rvroj  a.  ion.  B.  Mets.  91a  niBlBiaa  'as  as  the  painting 
stick  is  inserted  in  the  tube ;  Mace.  7a ;  a.  e. 

fct^PDOm.,  fctSJXDQ  f.  ch.  same.  B.  Earn.  117a 
XE031  'aa  tvb  lbl  Ar".  (ed.  xnb )  they  lifted  his  eye- 
lids with  a  silver  stick.  —  PI.  ^H3a.  Gitt.  69a  'a  xnbn, 
three  staff-fuls  of  paint. 

"OQ,  fcO/G  (v.  ~ia)  to  decline,  bend.  Targ.  Jud.  V,  4 ; 
a.  e.  (v.  ?pm).  ' 

Af.  "cax  to  lower.  Gen.  E.  s.  17,  beg.  fiBxb  roax  she 
lowered  her  face  (looked  down  sulkily);  Lev.E.s.  34  FOaX 
XBX  ta?  (corr.  ace). 

Ithpe.  *aanx  to  be  bent  down,  depressed.  Targ.  Ps. 
xxxvm,  9  n^aanx  (ed.  Wil.  maanx;  h.  text  trail). 

Ib.  CVI,  43.   Targ.'  Job  XXIV,  24  (Ms.  to^anx). 

"OEI  m.,  #°012,  n*DQ  f.  '(preced.)  1)  bent,  cowed, 
timid.  Lev.  E.  8.  13  [read:]  X^il  xa^  ",a  Xp^O  "tt  xntTl  Xlfi 
'31  'a  Ar.  (ed.  X"Oaa)  an  animal  coming  on  land  from  the 
water  is  timid,  coming  out  of  the  forest,  it  is  not;  Cant. 
E.  to  III,  4  (corr.  ace.).— 2)  low.  — PI.  X^3a.  Gen.  E.  s. 
32  XVI  'a  pa  ix  if  it  is  one  of  the  low  mounts;  (Cant.  E. 
to  IV,  4  X»3^aa,  v.  next  w.). 

fga  WED  mJ&aO,  NFD'Dn  umiyftm 

Zow/y,  // umble.  Targ. Lev. XIII, 20, nq. — Targ.  Pi  o  v.  XVII I , 
14  (ed.Wil.xn.33a).  Ib.XVII,  27;— PL  T^aa,  X*3i3?. 
Targ.  Is.  LVII,  15.  Targ.  Job  V,  11 ;  a.  fr.  — Cant.  E.  to 
IV,  4,  v.  preced.   [—2)  bolster,  cushion,  v.  X33a.] 

SkfiD  J12  f.  (preced.)  1)  lowliness,  humility.  Targ. 
Koh.  X,  6;  a.  e.— 2)  languor.  Ib.  18  XITPpEn  WOTBO  lan- 
guor in  the  observance  of  the  law  (h.  text  D"m  tllPBttJ). 

MPmOi  v.  v*a 

t  :      •    -  i    •  - 

^"DD,  876*00, 'b^E  f.  (Vtt)  l)  measure  o/ca- 
pacity;  trnsf.  (v.  mja)  retribution,  dealing  out.  Targ.  0. 
Deut.  XXV,  14.  Targ.  I  Chr.  XXIII,  29  ;  a.  fr.— Targ.  Job 
IX,  22  'a  van  the  same  destiny.— PI.  "i'^=^,  l^O.  NrVr;:, 
'^3a.  Targ. Y.  Deut.  1.  c.  Targ.  O.  Lev.XIX,  36  (Y.  &tta, 
read:  )\. . .).  Y.  B.  Bath.  V,  end,  15b  'a  53?  Vta  nin  punish- 
ed for  false  measures. — 2)  a  vessel  used  in  connection  ivith 
the  show-bread  in  the  Temple.  —  PI.  Stn/s-ca.  Targ.  Ex. 
XXV,  29  (h.  textrvnpaa);  a.  e.— 3)  (  a  collection 
of  rules  of  interpretation,  treatise,  tract.  Gitt.  44a  "p"1? 
Tjirip^aa  read  it  up  in  thy  collection  (Boraitha).  Pes.  48a 
'31  'aa  m^  linxi  and  his  reply  is  recorded  in  another 
collection.— Y.  Ab.  Zar.  IV,  44b  top  'a  .  .  p^EX  E.Y.  pro- 
duced the  M'khilta  (v.  infra ;  v.  Mekh.  Mishp.  s.  20,  ed. 
Weiss,  p.  107,  note  100).  —  PL  "jX^sa.  Lev.  E.  s.  3,  beg. 
'a  13  . .  .  mniai  he  likes  to  be  called  a  man  mastering 
many  Mekhiltas;  Koh.  IV, 6  'a  MB  (some  ed.  xb'^a, 
"X^sia,  v.xbsiall). — Esp.  M'khilta,  or  M.  d'be  R.Yish- 
mael,  a  Halakhic  and  Midrashic  book  on  Exodus  from 
ch.  XII,  to  XXXV. 

T3D,  v.  133. 

"TOQ,  Pirke  d'E.  El.  ch.  XXXVIII,  read  XV3a,  v. 

PTPD/3  f.  ("DO)  sale.  E.  Hash.  26b;  Sot.  I3a,  v.  rvna  I. 
Y.  Kidd.  I,  59a  'a  'a  we  draw  an  analogy  between  the  ex- 
pressions -oa  (Deut.  XV,  12  a.  Ex.  XXI,  7).  msnaUJ 
'a  bia  the  seventh  year  counted  from  the  date  of  sale, 
opp.  D515  bw  the  Sabbatical  year.  B.  Kam.  68a  ns^XUJ  'a 
mtin  a  sale  which  cannot  be  reconsidered;  a.  fr. — Y. 
Maas.  Sh.  Ill,  beg.  54a  miTTa  "inn^a  its  sale  is  permitted 
in  a  special  Biblical  passage  (Deut.  XIV,  24,  sq.). 

| '""PjQ  (|xa^atpa)  knives, daggers.  Tanh.Vayhi9 
(play  on  ninsa,  Gen.  xlix,  5)  mannb  •ptipw  xin  vf  ynub 
'a  it  is  Greek,  in  which  swords  are  called  machaerin. 
Gen.  E.  s.  99  'a  Xlil  W  yw^  Pirke  d'E.  El.  ch.  XXXVIII 
tWl  a*ir&  D^X-ilp  bWW  (read:  X^3a).  Gen.  E.  s.  88 
'31 13M5  'a  X13ip  (combine  into  one  word:  xovSo[j.dy£ipa,v. 
S.  compounds  of  xovto)  they  put  short  daggers  in  to  their 
shoes.  Lev.  E.  s.  33,  beg.  "pT^ia  (corr.  ace),  v.  brtBHWJi 

"DlBSraD,  v.  ^rvmn. 
HttS^a,  v.  xniiaal. 

T      •     -  r 

JJDQ  (v.  T^a),  Eif.  ^n  ^o  &en(7,  fott'er.  Tosef.  Naz. 
IV,  7  '31  nx  ^nqa^ri  I  bent  my  head. 

Nif.  T)"?;  fo  6e  crushed.  Sifre  Deut,  290  13a3,  v.  Van. 
Nithpa.  ~aar,2,  v.  Jja^a, 





:|»  J  ch,  same,  to  lower,  level;  to  humiliate.  Targ.  Y. 
Ex.  XII,  37  'Z'  trgrrcfc  to  level  mountains.  Targ.  Ps.  XXXV, 
15  (h.  text  O-a:). — Part. pass.:  "^On,  pLyvoa  laid  under, 
bolstered.  Targ.  Ez.  XXIII,  41,  v.  next  w. 

Pa.  Tie"?  same.  Targ.  Y.  Num.  XIV,  14.  Targ.  Prov. 
XXII,  22.— Targ.  Lam.  Ill,  3-4.  Targ.  Ps.  CXLVII,  6  [read :] 
--""?",  v.  -X":;  a.  e.-Yoma  84b  "WW  ""*?  Kashi  a.  Ms. 
0.  (ed.  TpSUU,  v.  Eabb.  D.  8.  a.  1.  note  9;  Ms.  L.  fOBB 
"="0,  v.  ~rO)  he  subdues  the  flame  (and  produces  a  coal 
fire  which  can  be  utilized). 

Ithpa.  "2^rx  to  be  humbled,  cast  down.  Targ.  Ps. 
XLII,  6;  a.  e. 

X-^.—  m.  (preced.;  cmp.  Tpa)  bolster,  cushion.  Targ. 
Ez.  XXIII.  41  -p"  "z  '"*=-  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  only  npi-i  T&iXO, 
corr.  ace.)  bolstered  with  cushions  of  honor.  Targ.  II  Sam. 
XVII,  28  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  "fttBO,  corr.  ace;  h.  text  33pa). 
Targ.  Am.  VI,  7  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  pBTBB). 

NFD3a,  v.  re-.. 

53Q  m.  (333)  fraud,  adulteration.  Mekh.Mishp.  s.  13, 
v.  bVj. 


t  •    :  t  :  .    :'  t   • 

n5D!C,  '"Q  f.  (b.  h.:  rtbSD)  perfection.— PI.  nftra,  "O; 
aw  'a  (vessels)  made  of  pure  gold.  Men.  29a  (expl.  ant  '"3, 
II  Chr.IV,21)  '=1  aw  3=3  ir.b^'U  it  used  up  all  the  locked 
up  gold  of  Solomon. 

n>0^2  m.  (n*33)  Destroyer,  name  of  an  angel  of  judg- 
ment. Deut.  E.  s.  3,  v.  iaOTt 

Sr""^-,  v.  xr'.'ar-a. 

T  :     ••  t        :    - 

553Dj  v.  333. 

t   :     •  *  : 

H55DO,  Cant.  E.  to  LT,  15,  v.  irrnb& 

^<^?E  pr.  n.  pi.  (3^3)  Makhlalta  (Crown).  Targ. 
Y.  Num.  XXXII,  3 ;  34  (h.  text  rvhas,  nhl»).  lb.  35  HSftSO 

( y.  n  —i  '-a ;  h.  text  n'-cs). 
^77212,  v.  fcVba 

S^rD^,  Yalk.  Dan.  1061  some  ed.,  v.  X'wnbsa. 

mm,i112m;12f  pi.  "-''::•;,  v.  next  w. 

"TlESE,  rnCDJQ  f.  (b.  h. ;  na3  fo  Aufe)  trap,  small 
fisher's  net,  contrad.'to  Bnrt,  Y.  Pes.  TV,  30d  top;  Y.  M. 
Kat.  II,  end,  81 b  UB  X"n  Tl  one  may  fish  with  the  small 
net.  Y.  Yeb.  XVI,  15d  top  (prob.  to  be  read:  rth.'.  .pi), 
v.  "-zz.—Pl.  rvrfiutaa,  'f'tuXUU,  UTTOjU.  Tosef.  Bets.  Ill,  1; 
Y.  ib.62a  top.  Yeb.  121a  yiflPDU;  Tosef.  ib.XIV,  6  WTUDO 
(Var.nwmaaBi  readr-x--:;-;.  fr.r" VBfg.  Kel.XXLU,  5. 
Makhsh.  V,  7.  Pirke  d'E.  El.  ch.  LI  LHWlT  IULUJU  p&lW 
will  be  caught  in  the  nets  laid  for  them ;  a.  e. 

?JDDD  (v.  ^30)  to  crush. 

Nithpalp.  -patttrt  fo  &e  o-usAc(7.  Snh.  10  lb  (Ar.  ed.  pr. 
tgRTO);  cmp.  ?J»D. 

U  u  JlZ,  v.  next  w. 

DDDQ  pr.  n.  pi.  (b.  h.  'i»»33)  Mikhmas  in  Benjamin. 
Men.  VIII,  1  (Bab.  ed.  83b  0^33a,  corr.  ace;  v.  Eabb.  D. 
S.  a.  1.);  Tosef.  ib.  IX,  2  Dasa  ed.  Zuck.  (Var.  Oa  .  .). 

HQDQ,  v.  ias. 

"IDDC  m.  (b.  h.,  v.  T^ysyo)trap,net.  B.Kam.  117a.— 
[ffnasa,  Esth.  E.  to  VI,  10  ed.  Wil.,  read  B*naBB.] 

riHHpO,  v.  miaaa. 

k\u212  f.  constr.  (compound  of  a,  3  a.  Xa;  cmp. 
x-:=-)  of  those  like.  Targ.  Ps.  LXXIII,15  ed.Lag.,  v.  Xa3X 

*]I}Q,  v.  1X3. 

"3DD,  v.  -i:=^?a. 

D"0DQ,  Men.  83b,  v.0a3a.— [Gen.E.  s.  31  "lO^sa,  some 
ed.,  v.  next  w.]. 

OjDD  m.  (033)  1)  storing  up,  laid-in  stock.  Y.  Kil. 
II,  beg.  27c  'a  "jTT  in  the  way  of  storing  up  (for  home 
consumption).  Gen.  E.  s.  31  iojra  an,  v.  tfaaft.  Y.  Dem. 
IDT,  22c  top  btKWW  1033a  311 'the  larger  portion  of  his 
storage  comes  from  Jews. — 2)  'a  ma  the  lower  side  of  the 
shovel,  v.  Oris.  Y.  B.  Mets.  IX,  beg.  12a. 

D".p3DD,  D^.P??^  m.  du.  (b.h.;  033)  [clothes  of 
retirement,']  undergarment,  drawers.  Yoma  VLT,  5.  Ib. 
23b  th  Dip  -an  Utt*  X31B  that  there  must  be  no  garment 
put  on  before  (under)  the  drawers;  a.  fr. 

"PJDUD,  212  ch.  same.  Targ.  0.  Lev.  VI,  3;  a.  e. 

NFTCEODE  f.  0S33)  gathering  in.  B.  Mets.  21a  *?fi  '3 
m  the  season  of  storing  up  the  grains  from  the  thresh- 
ing floor;  ib.b  i*vnai  'a  (corr.  ace).  [Ar.  s.  v.  UJ33,  reads 
XCT:r33,  and  explains:  the  sweepings  of  the  threshing 

ODD  (denom.  of  next  w.)  to  pap  toll  on.  Midr.Till. 
to  Ps.  CXVLLI,  20  '31  33  0313  -|3ix  nx  unless  thou  payest 
the  toll  on  all  thy  goods,  thou  wilt  have  nothing  left.- — 
V.  oris. 

ODD  m.  (b.  h. ;  003)  [marking  of,  counting,]  toU,  tax. 
Succ.'30a  nm  ma  the  custom-house.  Sabb.  33b;  Ab.  Zar. 
2b  'a  Dna  bxrb  o^ltta  Orapn  you  put  up  bridges  in  order 
to  raise  toll  on  them.  Ib.  13a  "an  nx  13  mfi  to  him  shall 
the  toll  be  remitted.  Tanh.  Lekh  5  "pan  *3»  'a  133  collect 
the  duty  as  if  it  were  wheat;— PI.  niXD3?.  Ab.  d'E. 
N.  ch.  XXVIII. 





S&3E,  '^12  ch.  same.  Gen.  R.  s.  40  tft  X331  |f6 
(r='^  133)  when  he  arrived  at  the  custom-house.  Ih.  an 
'a  pay  toll.  Ah.  Zar.  4a  '31  'a  IT^  TpattJ  they  released  him 
from  taxes  for  thirteen  3rears.  [5ft5a,  infin.  of  ND3,  v. 
"S3.] — PJ.  ^CCa,  "ia.  "2  "tt  Custom  House,  name  of  a  place. 
Keth.  112*  top;  Yeb.  45a;  Gitt.  46h;  v.  X313II. 

M&DQ,  v.  stasia. 

t  :    t  »  i 

^DSDDQ,  v.  sotra. 

HDpD  m.  (b.  h.;  nwil)  1)  tent-cover.  Sabh.  28a;  a. 
e  —  PL  hikbSO.  lb.  Num.  R.  s.  12,  end;  a.  e.— 2)  (v.  Lev. 
Ill,  3)  the  cover  of  the  inwards,  peritoneum.  Y.  Hor.  I, 
46a  top  '3  3^51  (not  '3151)  and  the  fat  of  the  peritoneum. 

THIODlS/^OpC  m.  pi.  (IDS,  cmp.  Arab,  kasar  and 
denom.)  division,  settlement  of  shares  (cmp.  Cos).  Y'lamd. 
to  Num.  XXIII,  10,  quot.  in  Ar.  iifflSnl  -|Vl!3  nK  VlBME^ 
'31  'an  when  thou  (Balaam)  takest  thy  share  and  makest 
a  settlement,  thou  shalt  agree  with  (or  thank)  me.  [Ar. 
refers  to  rnccx.] 

nDDQ,  Y.  Sabb.  VI,  end,  8d  'vb  3"1p,  read:  (H?BQ>, 
v.  KS313. 

Dl^TDTDDE,  Mekh.  Yithro,  Amal.,  s.  2  end,  read: 
■pb^i-iCOE  m.  pi.  (Ta£e<onr)0  magistrate's  assistants. 

"p'TODC,  v.  yiibsa. 

*|DDD  (denom.  of  next  w.)  to  chastise.  [Targ.  Ps.  XCIV, 
12  ^3*3033,  Var.  ed.  Lag.,  read:  'MB,  v.  -|G3.] 

Ithpa.  "japan:*  to  be  chastised.  Targ.  Job  XXXIII,  19. 

SDDDQ  m.  ("j33)  chastiser.—  PL  "naDSe.  Targ.  Prov. 
XXIV,  T25  (ed.  Lag. '^33X3,  Ms.  ^3X033). 

&CVDDDQ  f.  (preced.)  chastisement,  rebuke.  Targ.  Ps. 
L,  17.  lb.  XXXIX,  12  (some  ed.  '=03,  corr.  ace);  a.  e. — 
PL  xn^333a  (v.  next  w.).  lb.  XXXVIII,  15.  Targ.  Job 
XXIII,  iRWtttoa  ed.  Lag.  (corr.  '113D33  or  ^SSM;  oth. 
ed.  sing.). 

fcO^D&pQ  same.  Targ.  Job  XXXI,  23  tT*SB3a  Ms. 
(ed.  Lag.  "E^Da;  ed.  Wil.  '""SBa). 

HDDQ,  Y.  Succ.  II,  end,  53b,  read :  nspa. 

H550D  f.  (b.  h.;  ?B3)  doubling,  coupling.  Erub.  53a 
'3  la^^n  that  is  the  reason  whjr  it  is  called  'double  cave'. 
lb.  '3  iX3  why  is  it  called  &c.?— Gen.  R.  s.  98  im®**  9VW 
'an  rVeflDO  vas  hear,  oh  Israel,  our  father  of  the  double 
cave!;  a.  e. 

HDD  (b.  h.;  cmp.  ni3)  to  sell.  Sifre  Deut.  169  (ref.  to 
Deut.  XVIII,  8)  '31  1-133  ii3  what  have  the  fathers  sold 
to  one  another?  (Answ.  the  weekly  turns);  Succ.  56a; 
Y.  ib.  V,  end,  55d.  B.  Bath.  64b,  a.  fr.  1313  W!  yvi  1313 
the  seller  is  presumed  to  sell  liberall}',  i.  e.  to  sell  all  ex- 
cept that  which  is  specified  as  excluded;  '3  i"l"~i  *p^3'3  he 
sells  only  that  which  is  specified  as  sold.  Ib.  IV,  1 . .  .1313(1 
'31  '3  8*b  if  one  sells  .  .  .,  he  has  not  implicitly  sold  &c. 
Sot.  HI,  8  '31  rWia  rTOJtfl  'px  a  woman  cannot  sell  her 

daughter;  a.  v.  fr.— Part.  pass.  1133  ;  f.  n*133;  pi.  3^1133, 
ynw'q;  nil13a.  Tosef.  Ab.  Zar.  Ill  (IV),  18  '3  m  "hh  he 
is  sold  (the  sale  is  valid).  B.  Bath.  IV,  3.  Tosef.  B.Kam. 
VII,  8  '31  'an  tvmn  wine  casks  which  have  been  sold  to 
the  shopkeeper  (awaiting  delivery);  a.  v.  fr. 

Nif.  1333  to  be  sold.  Sot.  1.  c.  flea?  ,,.';  vptfn  a  man 
can  be  sold  for  his  theft,  but  a  woman  cannot  &c.  Mekh. 
Mishp.  s.  2 ;  a.  fr. 

™DQ,  Ithpa.  isanx  (denom.  of  133)  to  be  made  ac- 
quainted'. Targ.  Prov.  XIX,  14  Var.  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  N13an3, 

V.'  133). 

"012  m.  (b.  h.;  133)  sale.  Kidd.  6b  Hip  K?  'a3  if  the 
transaction  is  a  sale  (of  land),  he  has  not  acquired  pos- 
session (by  delivering  the  purchasing  money  as  a  loan). 
Ib.47a'a3  'pffl!  and  they  agree  in  the  case  of  a  sale.  Keth. 
XI,  4  Vj3  ttl33  her  sale  is  invalid ;  a.  fr.— V.  1333. 

H3D  m.  (b.  h. ;  133)  acquaintance,  friend.  Y.Gitt.  Ill, 
45a  "03>b  '3  12)1  has  the  poor  man  a  friend?,  i.  e.,  is  he  who 
separates  the  poor  man's  tithes  permitted  to  reserve  them 
for  a  certain  person? — PL  a"1*©?,  constr.  ^33.  Ib.  'an 
'31  n3in3  the  Mishnah  speaks  of  friends  of  priests  or  Le- 
vites  (to  whom  the  owner  is  in  the  habit  of  giving  the 
priestly  shares);  Bab.  ib.  30a.  Ib.  Wlp  i6  '33  (sub.  tltfPO) 
the  Mishnah  does  not  distinctly  speak  of  friends.  Hull. 
133a;  a.  fr. 

S~0I2  ch.  same.  Targ.  II  Kings  XII,  6.  —  PL  "p33. 
Ib.  8.T  ' 

n*l"lDl3  f.  pi.  1)  (13a)  sales,  trnsf.  m.  (cmp.  ninip?) 
seller.  Gen.R.s.98  (ref.  to  Gen.XLIX,  6  _n'i33)  for  whom 
are  those  weapons  fit?  WjrT^lfilSO!)  to  their  seller,  to  Esau 
who  sold  the  birth-right  (to  their  father). -2)  (=nilba,  fr. 
133,  cmp.  13a)  friendship,  neighborhood, neighbors.  Tanh. 
Vayhi  9;  Gen.  R.  s.  99  (ref.  to  Gen.  I.  c.)  WTWOa  X"1 
'31  3rTini1ia3(ed.  Wil. '1133)  and  some  say  m'kherothehem, 
means  their  neighborhoods  (ed.  Wil.:  and  some  say,  read 
it  m'khorothehen)  as  we  read  (Ez.  XVI,  3)  &c— V.  TT3-2. 

'j'HDQ,  Y.  Hall.  I,  58a  top  'a  WW  (ed.  Krot.  "pan) 
prob.  to  be  read  "pisia,  the  dough  prepared  by  sellers 
(intended  to  be  used  as  leaven). 

5l£p/Q  m.  (b.  h. ;  bti»)  hindrance.  Succ.  62*  tWW 
'a  ixip  Isaiah  called  the  evil  inclination  'hindrance'  (Is. 
LVII,  14). 

~PU  "D12  m.,  pi.  T"1**CP72  (1^3)  \)preparatory  means, 
preliminary  acts.  Meg.  71'  £23  231X  "l^apa  acts  prelimin- 
ary to  the  preparation  of  food  (as  grinding  the  slaughter- 
ing knife  &c).  lb.  Yn-flfaa  &6l  Sin  it  says  (Ex.  XII,  16) 
'that'  (alone  may  be  done),  but  not  its  preliminaries.  Ib. 
'31  1UJBX1D  'a  acts  which  might  have  been  done  a  day 
before.  Erub.  102b,  sq.  nisa'a  requirements  of  a  religions 
act  (to  be  performed  on  the  Sabbath,  v.  nni).  Sabb.  136a 
nbia  '3  requirements  for  circumcision.  Tosef.  Pes.  V,  1 ; 
Y.Sabb.XIX,  17*  top;— 2)  Makhshirin (things  which 
make  an  object  fit  for  levitical  uncleanness),  name  of  a 




treatise  of  the  Mishnah  and  Tosef  ta,  of  the  Order  of 

rj3r,2  m.  (b.  h.;  CJK3)  sorcerer.  Snh.  VII,  4.  lb.  11  Wl 
tXBSSn  ".'■:"  a  sorcerer,  that  is,  he  who  performs  a  real  act 
of  sorcery;  a.  ir.  —  Pl.  BOMBIX  Tanh.  Vaera  3.  Snh.  67b 
T*l  '-  bVSQ  .  . .  2"X  Ob  and  Yid'oni  are  included  in  the 
law  against  sorcerers ;  a.  fr. 

nS'^C' r  f.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  sorceress.  8nh.  67a  ^rx  "z 
';•  r"X~  by  the  expression  'sorceress'  (Ex.  XXII,  17)  both 
man  and  woman  are  meant.  Y.  ib.  II,  end,  25tl  /mz  r'i*1E3  on 
the  section  treating  of  sorcery;  a.  e. 

rrm'2*2  :.  (preced.)  sorcery.  Tanh.  Vayetse  12  "21 
(some  ed.  "£'i"~  -2,  corr.  ace.)  with  sorcerous  charms,  v. 

2rZ"2  m.(b.  h.;  z\Tjz)  writ,  letter.  Ab.  V,  6,  a.  e.  2n=h 
•:r-.  V.  zrz.—PI.  -"-:•:.  "paftBO.  Tosef.  Sabb.  XVII 
(XVIII),  8  Z'Z'ZZ-  Wl  fed.  Zuck.  pa»tf1)  the  public 
announcements  in  cities. 

2?"^,  SZri  «  ch.  same.  Targ.  Esth.  IX,  27.-—  PI. 
•,-"=V  Targ.Y^IDeut.  XXXII,  8. 

—»*.-;  J  m.  (preced.  wds.)  writing  tool,  pencil,  stylus. 
Kel.  XUI,  2;  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Mets.  Ill,  4  '=1  3rYOh  fcO«  "0 
the  stylus  of  which  the  pointed  end  is  broken  off,  v.  -~"~  : 
Y.Sabb.VTH,llbbot.  Kidd.21b;  a.e.— PL  =-2"-,-"-=f 
Y.  Taan.  VI,  69a  top  '='  "X  "V™  '~-  (not  tftTttKO)  with 
these  our  pencils  we  shall  march  out  and  stab  them ;  Lam. 
R.  to  II,  2  ;  to  III,  49. 

SZrr  -  ch.  same.   Ab.  Zar.  22b   v.  kta*. 

t   :   -    :  '  tt  - 

O  — »   J  Jj  V.  2"  -  ch. 

T    T    :      •  t  :    • 

:::::,  v.  woo. 

ST*"?!-  f.  pi.  (v.  xrz)  after-crop.  Sabb.  110b  '-- 
Ms.  M.,  v.'xrr. 

7  T   T 

T?DD,  ▼.-«?• 

IZrZ'-lm.  (b.  h.;  2~2)  imprcssio)i,  writ. — PI.  yvSPCPO. 
Tosef.TSabb.  XVH  (XVIII),  8  ed.  Zuck.,  v.  3W30  h. 

"«1T2E  m.  (b.  h.:  "Jrz)  1)  mortar.  Y.  Peahll,  17atop, 
v.  rr2. — 2)  mortar-shaped  cavity; — 3)  jaw.  Gen.  R.  s.  98 
(expl.  Jud.  XV,  19)  TOSJ  '"  WtM  2-p-n  that  place  was 
named  Makhtesh  (Cavity);  ib.  '21  1?  x*2rrr  TdVq  it  in- 
timates that  the  Lord  opened  to  him  a  spring  from  between 
his  (the  ass')  teeth  (taking  "2  as  jaw). — 4)  an  instrument 
of  torture.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.  VII,  8,  v.  S*l  Pesik.Shek. 
p.  15%  v.  Troh. 

— rr^,  S  wT~"2  m.  (-;~D  1)  wound,  plague,  afflic- 
tion. Targ.  Ex.  XI,  1.  Targ.  Lev.  XIII,  29;  a.  fr.— [Targ. 
Y.  Gen.  XH,  19  fern.]— PI.  jitJUfU,  TWO,  Targ.  Gen.  Xn, 
17.  Targ. Ps.LXXXIX, 33.-2) [pounding. -PI. !^Rn,  T  =  ;. 

Targ.  Prov.  XXVII,  22,  combining  massoretic  vers,  with 
one  from  which  LXX.  a.  Pesh.  are  translated,  v.  ~"~"X.] 

nSrD^  f.  (preced.)  1)  mortar.  B.  Bath.  IV,  3  'Oh 
hS'Opn  the  stationary  mortar  in  the  house.  lb.65b;  Tosaf. 
ib.  Ill,  1  npipp;  "2h  a  mortar  hewn  out  of  a  rock  in  the 
house.  Taan.  28a;  a.  fr.— 2)  cavity.  Tosef.  Xidd.  VIII,  6; 
Nidd.  61a  rvmrr  hfi6o  "Q  a  hole  in  the  ground  full  of 

JH,  v.  *;••:. 

~jQ  m.  (V:"2)  brittle,  easily  crushed.  Sifra  Vayikra, 
N'dab.,  ch.XIV,  Par.  13  (play  on  5wWj  Lev.  11,14)  5o  jp 
tender,  yet  brittle;  Men.  66b  bvl  "p  (Ms.  M.  X;2l  "TO,  v. 
Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note);  Y.  Sabb.  I,  2d  hot.  xb"3  ~p  (corr. 

ace),  v.  bmrts. 


Wj  v, 

Xr'-2  a.  h^2. 

S"3  I  (b.  h.)  to  be  full,  v.  iO"?  II.  — Tosef.  Dem.  V, 
24  -pro  -X:"3  -X"1!!  how  could  thy  heart  be  so  full  of 
thyself,  i.  e.  how  daredst  thou? 

Pi.  V&Q,  n'x-3  to  fill,  to  draw  (water).  Erub.  VIII,  6 
'il  "("W^ao  *p»  (Y.  ed.  yiqo)  you  must  not  draw  water 
out  of  it  on  the  Sabbath.  B.  Bath.  162b  BWp3  inx'r-c 
if  he  filled  the  vacant  space  on  the  document  with  the 
signatures  of  relatives;  Gitt.  87b.  Hor.  llb  tnpO  xb"" 
iTtii  Tr.'QX  he  was  filling  his  ancestors'  place,  was  a  direct 
successor;  a.  fr. 

Eithpa.  x'rarh,  Nithpa.  «5raW  to  be  filled.  Ber.  3b; 
59a  '21  K^OTO  "*On  fS*.  v.  »rt*T  L  Y.  Succ.  Ill,  end,  54a 
■Opt  B^BOPnW  T9  until  he  has  a  full  beard.  Y.  Ber.  IX,  13d 
bot.  ahl "-:"!  _x'--;rri  be  full  of  gold  denars ;  hKkgro  httyn 
and  it  became  filied  with  &c.  Gen.  R.  s.  33  *&M OTOTfl  «6?hh 
"*;X  ';?  be  merciful  to  one  another.  Ib.  'TsAsKtp.  .VTVp 
~""n~  "??  I  saw  her  in  distress  and  was  filled  with  pity 
for  her ;  a.  fr. 

PS^G  ch.  same,  v.  *:2. 

T    i  '  ■•    : 

&*"□  II  m.,  HPt^E,  H?T3a  f.  (b.  h.)  full.  Ab.  IV, 
20  "j— "^  "Z  .  .  .  .  w*1  many  a  new  vessel  is  full  of  old  wine 
(many  a  young  man  is  full  of  wisdom).  Meg.  6a  (ref.  to 
Ez.  XXVI,  2)  Tt  i-Qlh  r,  '2  CIS*  when  one  (of  the  two 
cities,  Jerusalem  and  Caesarea)  is  full,  the  other  is  waste ; 
a.  fr.— Esp.  a  full  month,  of  thirty  days.  Bekh.  58a  "l"" 
':•"  O  at  times  (in  some  years)  it  is  full,  at  times  defective, 
v.  "Ch;  a.  fr— PI.  B^O,  TkSjo,  ^Vo;  f.  ";x:-?,  r-;2.  Ber. 
57a;  Erub.  19a,  a.  e.  flO-O  t"V«0  "3  are  full  of  good  deeds 
as  a  pomegranate  (is  full  of  seeds);  a.  fr. —  [hits'O  as  a 
noun,  v.  rtSJib^.] 

BSD  h.,  ^b"!2  ch.,  v.  xi=2. 

:  t    :  : 

ns^2,  v.  x*22  n. 

"^Cj  pr.  n.  m.  M'lai.  Sabb.  139a  (Ms.  0.  "V&BB,  v. 


>/-«  I  m.  (x'~*a)  sfore,  goods,  merchandise.    Pes.  31 ! 




Di"03  bUJ  'al  and  the  goods  (in  the  store)  belong  to  gen- 
tiles. Tosef.ib.I(Il),  17  bsniu^  b©  'San  if  the  goods  belong 
to  an  Israelite.  Pes.53b'31CP3b'abi;:an  b3  one  who  throws 
the  profits  of  merchandise  into  the  purse  of  scholars,  i. 
e.,  gives  scholars  an  opportunity  of  gaining  a  livelihood.— 
Sabb.  56a  DW  ^M  bs  lV*n  T3  they  (the  sons  of  Samuel) 
forced  goods  on  private  people  (abused  their  station  by 
making  people  their  mercantile  agents  or  their  customers); 
Tosef.  Sot.  XIV,  6;  ib.  5;  a.  e. 

nM>D  II  m.  husk,  glume,  v.  3>ba. 

"'fcOD  m.  ch.  C^tl)  helve  of  an  axe.   Y.  Bets.  II,  6F 
top,  quot.  in  Hiddushe  Me'iri,  v.  *^8. 

:|NvQ  m.  (b.  h.;  "js<b  to  tPWft,  cmp.  nab)  messenger, 
esp.  aw^e/.  Gen.  R.  s.  50  '21  n©13>  1HK  13  I1*  one  angel 
never  performs  two  missions.  Snh.  96a  '31  "jaTTJ©  'a  miK 
the  name  of  the  angel  that  came  to  Abraham  was  Night. 
Gen.  E.  s.  9  fi^n  ^xba  angel  of  life.  Ib.,  a.  fr.  man  'a 
(abbrev.  a"na)  angel  of  death ;  a.  v.  fr.— PL  DTSKba.  Ib. 
s.  50  '31  'a  "0©  Stbl  nor  do  two  angels  go  on  one  mission. 
Ib.  'a  nia"i3  lb  telli  they  appeared  to  him  as  angels.  Ib. 
'a  yxip  ",mmb©  1©S©a  after  they  have  done  their  mission, 
the  text  calls  them  messengers.  Y.  R.  Hash.  I,  56d  bot. 
'31  lbs  'an  ma©  C]S  the  names  of  the  angels,  too,  came 
(to  Palestine)  with  them  (the  exiles)  from  Babylonia; 
Gen.R.  s.  48.— mttJ(n)  'WVa  (abbrev.  ©"na,n"a)  the  min- 
istering angels.  Sabb.  55b  n"a"i  j«n  the  teacher  who  said 
(ib.  top)  that  the  angels  asked  the  Lord  &c.  Ned.  20*  "i 
<~t"a  ib  mo  final  four  things  did  the  ministering  angels 
tell  me;  ib.b",3a~i  fT'a'jNa  'the  ministering  angels'  means 
teachers;  ©aa  i"!"a  ministering  angels  in  the  true  sense. — 
Tosef.  Sabb.  XVII  (XVIII),  3  pm  "Saba  messengers  of 
hindrance,  opp.  to  ©"na. —  Y.  Shebu.  VI,  37*  bot.,  a.  fr. 
nban  i3xba,  v.  nban.— Hag.  5lj,  a.  fr.  fiib©(n)  "oxba  the 
angels  of  peace ;  a.  v.  fr. 

?jS>22,  fcOfcOQ  ch.  same.  Targ.  Y.  I  Ex. IV,  25 ;  a. 
fr— PI.  N*3itba,  "psxba,  "cxba.  Targ.  Gen.  X1X,1;— 
B.  Bath.  7V 'SI  jrp^O  'a  •'"in  w4i  two  angels  in  heaven, 
Michael  and  Gabriel,  differ.  Ib.  '31  ni©  'a  Xin  he  saw 
ministering  angels  sitting  &c.  Koh.  R.  to  IX,  11  (ref.  to 
Ps.  LXVIII,13)  '31  'an  "(lmsba  '^BN  even  the  chiefs  of  the 
angels,  Michael  and  Gabriel,  were  afraid  of  Moses.  Taan. 
24b,  v.  xnba;a.  fr. 

njS^u,  IijJS^d  f.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  work,  trade,  vo- 
cation; task.  Ab.  1,10  'an  na  3inx  love  trade,  opp.  to 
HWl,  office.  Ned.  49b,  v.  bins.  Ber.  17a  "TOa  TfiS(|a  ^3N 
my  work  (study)  is  done  in  town,  "31  m©a  IPCXba  KtTI 
and  his,  in  the  field  &c,  v.  *n*.  Ab.  II,  14  ?|Pda6a  bi>a 
thy  employer  (the  Lord).  Ib.  15  nana  'am  TOp'.&Wl  the 
day  (life)  is  short,  and  the  task  great.  Ab.  d'R.  N.  ch.  XI 
na©3  'a  IS  1©51  (not  n©?1)  and  they  made  him  work  on 
the  Sabbath.  Sabb. VII,  1  'a  ax,  v.  3.X ;  a.—  PL m'axba. 
Ib.  'SI  na-in  'a  n^S  he  did  several  (forbidden)  labors 
on  several  successive  Sabbaths.  Ib.  2,  v.  ax:  a.  v.  fr. 

n^jN  Ju  f.  (b.h.;  denom.  of  Tjfctba)  messenger's  func- 

tion, angeldom.  Gen.  R.  s.  50;  Yalk.  ib.  84  'a  l©ab  they 
put  on  the  appearance  of  angels. 

^V  JM  (°-  h0  Pr-  n.  m.  Malachi,  the  prophet.  Meg. 
15a  !WI8  m  'a  M.  means  Mordecai,  '31  'a  la©  SOp3  nabl 
and  why  is  he  called  M.  (minister)?  Because  he  was  vice- 
roy. Ib.iaiU'a  the  prophet's  real  name  was  M.  Ib.  m&rasa 
'a  in  the  prophetic  book  of  M. — Ex.  R.  s.  28;  a.  e. 

PDSba,  v.  nsNba. 

Sri^  J!2  f.  ch.=h.  ntoba,  (the  priestly  gift  from)  the 
fruits  laid  in  store.  Targ.  0.  Num.  XVIH,  27  ed.  Berl. 
(oth.  ed.  NntrtbajMs.I  xmba,  Iixn^ba;  Y.  Nmbai  snan). 

tt"i'  *■••:'  t;:-j  tt:  -  ' 

ID^JD  m.  (b.  h.  ©ab)  dress,  cover.  Shek.  V,  1  'an  b'J, 
v.  ©ab  Sif.— Deut.  R.  s.  7,  end  i©>aba  its  dress  (shell),  v. 
ftfon.  Sabb.  ii3a  '31  -j©iabaa  na©  bttJ  ^©iaba  #n  «b© 
that  thy  Sabbath  dress  be  not  the  same  as  thy  week- 
day dress. 

paba,  v.  -,aba. 

^T^'D,  ^2ttl2  m.  pi.  (a  corrupt,  of  mala  pu- 
mica)  pome-granates. '  Y.  Sabb.  VI,  8a  bot.;  Y.  Yeb.  XII, 

i2d  top,  v.  -mis. 
N^lfe,  v.  amaba. 

T  :        ••   :     -  t  :  ••  :   - 

tfaig,  v.  ©ab. 

"j?<P>  T?<^  m.(b.h.;  ",ab  I,  v.nsab)  1) press,  frame, 
mould'.  Sot.  1  la (ref.  to  Ex.  1, 1 1)  '31  'a  WWl  they  brought 
a  brick  mould  and  suspended  it  from  Pharaoh's  neck; 
Ex.  R.  s.  1.  Zeb.  54a  '31  EP©b©  Kin©  'a  a  frame  of  thirty- 
two  by  thirty-two  cubits  (which  was  filled  with  stones, 
cement  &c).  Y.  Sabb.  XII,  beg.  13c  '31  'a  bi:i33  like  taking 
a  frame  and  putting  it  over  the  piled  up  bricks  (which 
cannot  be  called  building).    Tosef.  ib.  XIII  (XIV),  15  'a 
nana  b©  the  frame  (bottom)  of  a  bedstead.   Tosef.  Erub. 
XI  (VIII),  17  JtnbpBfi  bus  'a  a  window  frame.    Tosef.  B. 
Bath.  II,  14  '31  mis  IN  'a  a  window  frame  or  the  shape 
of  a  door;  B.  Bath. Ill,  6.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.V,9  nmb'a 
'31  13ni3  a  bedstead  bottom  intended  to  be  moved  from 
one  bed  to  another,  opp.  intended  for  one  particular 
bed.    Tosef.  Ohol.  XIII,  5  [read:]  '31  ©filba  son©  'a,  v. 
©ab.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Bath.  I,  8  bTWl  -ifia  b©  'a  the  frame 
of  a  large  saw.  Neg.  XIII,  3  '31  *8an  'a  a  casing  to  pro- 
tect that  portion  of  the  beam  which  rests  on  the  wall.— 
Gen.  R.  s.  38;  Yalk.  Prov.  961  (ref.  to  Prov.  XXVH,  22) 
'aa  ....  Kin©  nt3  like  one  undertaking  to  crush  barley 
in  a  frame;  a.  fr. — PL  d^saba,  "piaba,  niuaba,  "fflba.  Neg. 
1,  c.  B.  Bath.  69*  DTirB  b©  'a  door  frames;  ni3lbn  b©  .'a 
window  frames;    n-jan  13>13  b©  'a  sockets  for  the  legs 
of  a  bedstead.    Kel.  XVIII,  3   *fc  ^a  ">3aba  stands  for 
the  musical  instruments  of  the   Levites ;   Tosef.  ib.  B. 
Mets.  V,  9  lib  'a  ed.  Zuck.  (corr.  ace);  a.  e.  — 2)  (from 
its  shape)  a  small  garden-bed,  a  plot  (of  three  hand- 
breadths  in  width).— PL  as  ab.  Peah  III,  1.  Ib.4  Dibxan'a 
"p^il  "pa©  plots  of  onions  between  vegetables.  Ib.  VH,  2 
'a  15©  b©  nil©  "i,  three  rows  at  a  distance  of  two  mal- 




benim  (six  hand-breadths)  from  one  another ;  Tosef.  ib. 
Ill,  10.  Ter.  IV,  8  '-ii  (sub.  $Qft)  figs  pressed  in  quad- 
rangular moulds,  opp.  E^blXP. 

S-^^2  ch.  same,  a  quadrangular  piece.  B.Mets.ll6b 
x_..-  /„  a  wj(je  piece  0f  cemented  bricks  of  a  fallen  wall 
(Ms.  F.  WJYFl  x:"b  a  brick  wider  than  the  usual  size,  v. 
Bashi  a.  1.). 

Sr.i.^"2,  J  —  ^"2  f.  (preced.  wds.)  quadrangular 
frame* Targ.  Y.  Num.  XXXIII,  20  [prob.  to  be  read:] 
"-:--!  BttJ^bo  (pi.)  building  moulds. 

sr  wi~~,  v.  x-r". 

aTZ  (cmp.  Syr.  ;bE,  P.  Sm.  2131)  to  pluck,  to  strip  (of 
hair,  feathers  &c).  Tosef.  Bets.  Ill,  19  '=1  rw  T?^*3  y°u 
may  cleanse  the  head  and  legs  of  an  animal  (by  scalding). 

■|3u  ch.  same,  to  pluck  (cmp.  Pesh.  Deut.  XXIII,  26). 
Gen.  B.  s.  45,  beg.  (expl.  Xftoj  "b~  ;-;"  rx  r.~  Ar.  what- 
ever thou  pluckest,  is  plucked  ;  (ed.  J*?-?  Sfa  x^-n  n-3 
as  you  say,  'pluck,  pluck');  Y.  Yeb.  VII,  8a  bot.  nX"i  IT33 
lAaa  ;-b"3  - -X    corr.  ace). 

fijvZj  m.(transpos.  of  -b'"?)  pitch-fork;  the  cook's  fork. 
Sabb.  XVII,  2  (122b;  Mish.  a.  Ms.  M.  SAtO);  Y.  ib.  16b  top 
ppb  rbr  rrb  tan  rx  the  kitchen  fork  to  place  food  for 
a  child  upon  it.  Tosef.  ib.  X  (XI),  7 ;  SifraVayikra,  Hobah, 
ch.  IX,  Par.  7,  a.  e.,  v.  ";b. 

H  >  «,  "2  f.  (b.  h.;  iVa  ni)  word.  Lev.E.s.  16  (prov.) 
3*:r3  KpWB  sVoa  '^  where  a  word  is  worth  a  Sela, 
silence  is  worth  two;  Meg.  18a  (v.  Eabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  1). 
— PI.  ••'",  ■"■■   Cant.  E.  to  IV,  4,  v.  22p;  a.  e.  — Ch.  rite; 

t.  xr--.] 

n'^C,  Y.  Naz.  H,  51d  hot.,  v.  iY'Vl. 

S"^^":,2,  v.  x:rv?. 

S*"-,  tS**^  m.  (b.  h.;  xbs)  fulness,  contents.  Mikv. 
Ill,  1,  sq.*  TlSl  Wfto  WW  tCFO  IS  until  a  quantity  equal 
to  its  original  contents  and  something  besides  have  run 
off.  Y.  Succ.  I,  5id  top  'ri  nx/bES  mnSDtt  rrODDK  an 
exedra  which  is  (on  one  side)  entirely  open  towards  the 
public  road.  Ib.  bot.  "bT  be  "ixib'SE  as  far  as  the  bucket 
is  let  down  into  the  water  (for  filling  it).  Hull.  II,  3  EX 
"a<""J  xbo  "f  :CZ  -~  if  the  slaughtering  knife  has  the  length 
of  the  width  of  the  neck.  Kidd.  33a  TVXC  '"3  as  far  as  his 
eye  can  reach.  Sabb.  30a,  a.  e.  X"3":  "33  as  much  as  a  hair's 
breadth.  Sifre  Num.  160  (expl.  T  "px,  Num.  XXXV,  17) 
T>  '~2  as  large  as  the  grasp  of  the  hand ;  a.  fr.  —  [Tosef. 
Ohol.  XVII,  3  BWB  "3.  v.  tWiobj 

&C~~,Sr2  ch.same.  Targ.Y.Num.XXXV,17.  Targ. 
0.  Deut."  XXX ITT,  16  (Y.  J^b-3»,  v.  X^bEH);  a.  e.— Ab. 
Zar.  29a  n*m-ix  V/Ot\  "z  as  much  as  one  can  pinch  with 
five  fingers;  '31  "3*  .  . . .  rPSESX  'a  as  much  as  one  can 
pinch  with  thumb  and  little  finger;  a.  e. 

fcT  T2,  S"  5T0  m.  same,  full  capacity.  Gitt.  70a  SfWH? 

(Ar.  nxib"2),  v.  Err  2.  Ohol.  XIV,  2  ix^SE;  Tosef.  ib.  XIV.  7 
ix^b'ES  the  full  extent  of  the  hole  which  the  carpenter's 
borer  is  capable  of  making,  opp.  XT':."  ~z  np'D  X3"3,  v. 
rr^p-:.  Ib.4,  a.e.— PJ.  E-xr'r;, '"  -  (b.  h.)[filling  one's  hands,'] 
investment,  inauguration.  Lev.  E.  s.  11,  a.  fr.  ","2"  KF3HD 
'*3n  the  seven  days  of  the  inauguration  of  the  priests  (Lev. 
VUI).  Y.  Yoma  I,  38b  bot.  tt\  ITO  '?  of  what  nature  were 
the  sacrifices  at  the  inauguration?;  a.  e. — Milluim,  name 
of  the  first  division  of  Sifra  Sh'mini. 

X\J2i  m.  (5b/3,  v.  ibr)  [plucking,]  usufruct.  —  '?  "^zS 
("033)  a  wife's  estate  of  which  the  husband  has  the  fruition 
without  responsibility  for  loss  or  deterioration,  con  trad, 
to  bl-r.  'pet,  v.  b\-z.  Yeb.  VII,  1;  Tosef.  ib.  IX,  1.  Keth. 
79b  '"3  ncTO  a  domestic  animal  belonging  to  the  wife  &c. 
— Gen.  R.  s.  45  '31  r,r~r,  "3  rrz~  Hagar  was  a  handmaid 
of  Sarah  whom  Abraham  had  to  support  but  could  not 
sell;  a.  fr. 

2tf  JTi*^  m.  ch.  (v.>b"2)  a  hairless  skin,  bag.—  *~z~-  'l 
a  bag  containing  documents.  Keth.  85a.  B.  Bath.  151a. 

fcC2J5">!C  rn2Jj"*I2  c.  (jAaXa-jfjAa)  any  emollient, 
plaster,  poultice.  Sifra  B'har  ch.  I  (ref.  to  Lev.  XXV,  6) 
'"3  ~:""3  PfflDSb  xbl  but  not  to  use  (the  fruits  of  the  Sab- 
batical year)  for  a  poultice;  Succ.  40b;  B.  Kam.  102a. 
Tosef.  Dem.  I,  25  '"3  Hff99&  iTEp  flour  to  make  poultices; 
a.  fr.— Trnsf.  a  soothing  remedy.  Sabb.  119b  'a.-'^Er.  hot 
water  after  the  exit  of  the  Sabbath  is  soothing.  Deut. 
E.  s.  8  nzzb  '"3  the  Law  is  an  emollient  for  every  wound; 
Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  XIX  nbb  '"3  soothing  for  the  heart ;  Yalk. 
Ps.  675 ;  Lev.  E.  s.  12  WblE,  Tb-2  (corr.  ace.) 

nS2Ji1>!2  m.  of  M'loga  (supposed  to  be  a  Baby- 
lonian place),  '*3  XEp  name  of  a  particular  Kab  measure. 
Pes.  48a  '"3  XEp  (Ar.  a.  Ms.  M.  2  rtxrib:"?  of  Magla,  v. 
Eabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  100).  Ib.b  "X:r,;-3  xnp  (Ms.  M.  2  a. 
oth.  nx  .  . .). 

iT]  Ju  m.  creditor,  v.  ills. 

HI  "72  f.  (nib)  loan,  debt.  Keth.  IX,  2  IX  ynps  "tb  hhSTi 
'31 '?  and  left  a  trust  or  a  loan  in  the  hands  of  strangers. 
Ib.  84a  rorv^  rtXSliib  '"3  a  loan  is  made  to  be  spent  (opp. 
to  trust).  Kidd.  6b,  a.  e.  '31  '?Z  I'-pST.  if  one  betroths 
a  woman  to  himself  by  remitting  her  indebtedness  to  him, 
she  is  not  betrothed  (there  being  no  consideration  offered 
to  her  at  the  time);  '-  rx:~Z  offering  as  a  consideration 
the  benefit  of  the  loan  (by  extension).  Ib.  47b,a.  fr.  b"  'a 
!~!2  a  verbal  loan,  "lE'i'E  '"3  against  a  note.  Ib.  46a,  a.  e. 
iTBTSrl  ' tz  ,i'~p"3ii  if  one  betroths  a  woman  with  remitt- 
ance of  a  loan  and  the  offer  of  a  P'rutah  besides. — Bekh. 
48a;  a.  e.  ri~ira  fQt"!!  '"3  an  obligation  arising  from  a 
Biblical  law,  e.g.  the  duty  of  redeeming  the  first-born ;  a.  fr. 

ISP"T  y!Z  f.  ("^b)  funeral  escort,  wailing  ceremonies. 
Midr.TTil'l.  to  Ps.  CIV,  26  (play  on  r.T  p^lb,  ib.)  T3"0  ni 
'_  x~~  fB  this  (the  reward  of  the  hereafter)  does  him 
more  good  than  that  funeral  service  (with  its  eulogies, 
Koh.XII,  5;  ed.  Bub.  X7" r:  rx*  1-  ~Z~J>;  Yalk.  Ps.  862 
'-r--b-3  rx-:  yO  "Z'z  rr,  (corr.  ace). 




pib^,  'Q  nn3  pr.  n.  pi.  PeM  Milvan  (prob.^b.  h. 
Site  rv\a,"  II  Kings  XII,  21 ;  cinp.  Kn%).  Y.  Meg.  IV, 
75c  bot. 

NQft5Q,  ftT2)*PT2  m.  (a  Babylonian  corrupt,  of 
v6|xi5[i.a,  numisma)  stamp  of  a  coin.  Ber.  53b  ■P3"'iB  *na 
'31  'as  ...  'a  "pa  when  one  can  distinguish  the  stamp  of 
a  Tiberian  coin  from  that  of  a  Sepphorian  coin. 

1T15H,  pi.  d^roVia,  "(Vfipa,  v.  risa. 

Ml  >Q  m-  (D«  n->  n^)  °  salt-plant,  sea-purslane  (Ha- 
lineus).— P/.  B'W&gj  "pn^a.  Kidd.  66a.  Pesik.  R.  s.  15  fes 
'21  'a  ?31!K  . . .  18  whoever  believes  in  him  (the  Messiah), 
is  contented  to  live  on  salt-plants  &c. 

!StTl?Q  ch.  same.  PL  "pnsfea.  Targ.  Zeph.  II,  9  (h. 
text  SHIP). 


*raiBibn,  v.  *«**&•«. 

t    :  :  t  : 

^12,  v.  "too. 

£>i  "'P/U  f.  Oba)  2>/rtcc  /or  drawing  water,  well.  Lev. 
R.  s.  21S012J3T  "inrniba  ?S  rT*b  av^l  sat  down  by  the  place 
where  the  women  draw  water;  Pesik.  Ahare,  p.  1761'; 
Yalk.  Lev.  571  "jinrfca;  (Keth.  62b  KTTWl  VtVQSH). 

^r"ib!G,  v.  aniiiba. 

^^j  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  m.  Malluch,  an  Amora.  Hull.  49a 
'31  nMI"  'a  you  quote  M.  the  Arabian,  but  he  said  &c. 
lb.  'a  '-n  iT-inx  the  home  of  R.  M.  (in  Arabia).  Y.  Succ. 
Ill,  beg.  53c.  Y.  B.  Bath.  16a  top;  a.  fr. 

fcoiba,  v.  r*u; 

T  T  t     •    : 

fO^DS  f.  (b.  h.;  T^jz)  rulership,  office.  Midr.  Prov. 
ch.  XXI  '31  'a?  iiVo  T'13  when  a  human  being  rises  to 
rulership,  he  is  in  the  hands  of  the  Lord ;  Yalk.  ib.  959. 
Sabb.  56b  'an  pi»  lp?n*<  shall  divide  the  rulership  between 
themselves.  Num.  R.  s.  3  'a  i?3>a  rulers;  a.  e. 

v.  sub  'k>**a. 


m.  (b.  h. ;  yfc  I)  lodging.  Snh.  95b  TTSb  . . .  p*f* 
ijipa  this  righteous  man  (Jacob)  has  come  to  my  lodg- 
ing place ;  Hull.  91b,  v.  nvb.  Midr.  Prov.  ch.  IX  saasu; 
'31  aid  'a  "|?  a  beautiful  lodging  has  been  offered  thee 
in  the  hour  of  thy  death ;  a.  fr. 


VHjU  m.  (25«ft)  kneading  trough.  Y.  Gitt.  VIII,  49b  bot. 

M.272  (b.  h.;  denom.  of  nVa)  to  salt,  brine;  esp.  (in 
ritual  law)  to  streio  salt  on  raw  meat  to  resorb  its  blood. 
Midd.V,3  '3iniT©  ffrfcia  vr\  they  put  salt  on  the  hides  of 
sacrifices.— Hull.  11 3a  '31  rttJi  hm  inbia  3"X  NtX  unless  one 
salts  it  carefully  and  washes  it  thoroughly.  Ib.  n;iai  n"Ha 
'31  one  must  first  wash  the  meat,  then  salt  it  and  again 

wash  it.  B.  Bath.  74b  '21  ffipTsb  Wufcoi  and  preserved 
it  in  salt  for  the  benefit  of  the  righteous  &c.  Hull.  1.  c. 
'21  irftattJ  "flrTES  5T  a  clean  fish  which  was  salted  together 
with  an  unclean  one;  a.  fr. — Part.  pass.  ni5a  (v.  rnba) ; 
pi.  B^rilpa,  'pni-a.  Ib.  'a  an^m  both  were  salted,  opp.  ?SP. 
Yalk.  Ps.  887  'a  salty  secretions.— Y.  Taan.  IV,  69b  top 
'a  i^a  various  kinds  of  salted  food.  Y.  Sabb.  I,  3C  bot. 
"ivT^^  brines  prepared  by  gentiles ;  a.  fr. 

Hof.  nsain,  nban  to  be  streivn  ivith  salt.  Sifra  Vayikra, 
N'dab.,  Par.  9,  ch.  XI  nrfsain  X?U5  no  salt  had  been  put 
on  it. 

Pu.  n^a  same.  Part,  h^iaa  salted,  trnsf.  bright.  Kidd. 
29b  'aai  TIT  133  nVl  OK  (Var.  KPiaal)  if  his  son  is  eager 
to  learn  and  bright;  [our  w.  missing  in  Tosef.  Bekh. 
VI,  10). 

n^Cl  ch.  same.  Targ. Lev. II,  13.  Targ.Y.  Gen.XXXI, 
19.  — Sabb.  75b  '31  SOira  'an  ',Na  i&tn  he  who  salts  raw 
meat  (on  the  Sabbath)  &c.  Hull.  113a  Ka-ia  xa-0  rnV  'a 
salted  each  piece  separately.  B.  Bath.  74 b  nap:;  nnpa"1'- 
let  him  preserve  in  salt  the  female  (Behemoth);  a.  fr. — 
Part.  pass,  rr^a,  aniVa,  pi.  irrv?a.  lb.  i?»a  'a  btiisj  fish 
in  salt  is  good ;  '31  'a  Wlttffl  meat  in  salt  is  not. — Ib.  "nS"^ 
'a  fowls  in  salt ;  a.  fr.— V.  Kn^a. 

Ithpe.  nsanx,  nsKPX  to  be  strewn  icith  salt,  be  salted. 
Targ.  Ez.  XVI,  4.— Hull.  112b.  Ib.  97 b  '31  in^a-'X  were 
(ritually)  salted.,  with  the  nervus  ischiadicus  left  there- 
in; a.  fr. 

TOJ2  II,  Pa.  n^C  (denom.  of  n|a)  to  row;  to  bal- 
ance. Keth.  85a  "Wia  n!baa  (not  rta^a)  rowed  the  boat 
(as  an  act  of  possession).  B.  Kam.  117b  WWU  in  rt*&  'a 
(Alf.)  one  of  them  tried  to  keep  the  boat  in  balance  (against 
the  ass  that  threatened  to  upset  it);  [ed.  &nan?  rT^s  'a 
(Var.  StVa,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  90)  he  tried  to  counter- 
balance the  ass]. 

l"DS  c.  (b.  h.;  cmp.  ??a)  [brittle,]  salt.  Ker.  6a;  B. 
Bath.  20b  n"»ano  'a  (sub.  p«)  sea-salt,  v.  n^p-hnpx. 
Hull.  112a  in>a  nana  P3JO  is  eaten  on  account  of  (with) 
the  salt  it  has  absorbed.  Keth.  66b  (prov.)  ion  "jiaa  'a 
"idn  -"SO  the  salt  (means  of  preservation)  of  wealth  is  its 
diminution  (by  charitable  deeds),  and  some  say  hesed 
(benevolence).  Gen.  R.  s.  51  'aa  nxsn  she  (Lot's  Avife) 
sinned  through  salt ;  'a  'a  i?  "un . .  To  -in  she  went  to  all  her 
neighbors  and  said,  give  me  salt  for  we  have  guests;  a.  fr. 

nba,nba,  ^tlba,  4X1  ch.  same.  Targ.Lev.II,13 
nVa  constr.  ed.  Berl.  ( Var.  'a,  'a,  v.  Berl.  Targ.  0.  H,  p.  32 ;  Y. 
'a).  Targ.IIChr.XHI,5.  Targ.Y. Gen. XIX, 26  (v. Gen. R.s. 
51  quot.inpreced.);— Kidd.62a;  Hull.  113a,v.  Nr-;V;r.. 
Bekh.  8b  '31  "no  ^3  'a  when  salt  becomes  unsavory,  where- 
with do  they  salt  it?  B.  Bath.  74b  i?3>a  nnba  (differ,  vers, 
in  Ms.  M.,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  as  to  the  female  (Be- 
hemoth), its  brine  is  more  savory.  Yeb.  63a,v.  n^snll; 
a.  fr.— PI.  t6a,  'T2.  Pes.  8s  'a  13  salt-store.  Ab.  Zar.  33a 
bxmr^n  'a  W  xnan  NnuJ  poured  wine  into  a  Jew's  salt- 
store  (Rashi :  a  vessel  filled  with  salt). 

l>/2  m.  (b.  h.;  cmp.  meaning  of  aX;  a.  n;a)  mariner, 
sailor.  Koh.  H.  to  IX,  8. 

«nh:  789 

N1T9E  ch.  1)  same.— PI.  T&3.  Gitt.  73a,  v.  15X11. 
Taan.  24b  '=1  '33  "raT'X"'  "<3X3a  iXTH  (differ,  vers,  in  Ms. 
M.;  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  I  saw  angels  disguised  as 
boatmen  who  brought  sand  and  loaded  the  ships. — 
2)  dealer  in  sailors'  outfits.   Y.  B.  Mets.  IV,  end,  9d,  v. 


XI""!"-,  v.  r'33  ch. 

t  :     •  "  '■' 

S7i"», '«  y^^r  Pr-  "•  P1-  Tower  °f  Matte'  near 
Caesara'ea  (v.  Hildesh.  Beitr.  p.  9).  Y.  Dem.  II,  22c. 

S"*ijT2,  Srr^",2  pr.  n.  pi.  Milhaya,  native  place  of 
R.  Jose,  prob.  in  Galilee  (v.  Hildesh.  Beitr.  p.  9;  Neub. 
Geogr.  p.  269).  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  II,  41'  top.  Gen.  R.  s.  42.  Lev. 
R.  s.  26.  Lam.  R.  to  1, 9 ;  Yalk.  Is.  302  "322  qWP  (corr.  ace). 

H^H*  r  f.  (b.  h.;  drib  II)  war,  contest.  Sot.  VIII,  1,  "2  mm  chaplain  of  the  army  (Deut.XX,2),  v.lTJal. 
lb.  7  r-'l"~-  ntonVu  (Bab.  ed.  44b,  pi.)  secular  (political) 
warfare;  "":£*:  '2  a  war  for  religious  causes;  '21  FCT  "a 
a  war  of  duty.  lb.  44b  '31  WBnj"P  T3  the  war  of  conquest 
under  Joshua,  all  agree,  is  a  war  of  duty  &c. — Meg.  15b 
imp  bttJ  WRtUTVo  disputes  about  the  Law;  a.  fr.  — PZ. 
r'tr'z-z.  Sot.  1.  c.  finvnb  TH  nfQ  n'anba  the  wars  of  the 
house  of  David  for  extending  the  dominion.  M.  Kat.  25b 
(in  a  eulogy)  '-  "S3  1  ar"  .  .  .  rt5  an  offspring  of  worthies 
came  up  from  Babylonia  and  with  him  came  the  book 
of  wars  (allegorically  for  knowledge  of  the  Law;  oth. 
interpret.  R.  Hamnuna  who  came  with  Rabbah).  Snh. 
97a  '2  rrrm'a  in  the  seventh  Messianic  year  there  will 
be  wars;  a.  fr. 

T'TiZ^Z  f.  (r-32)  saline  atmosphere,  corrosion  produced 
by  saline  influences.  Ohol.  Ill,  7  '2  VtbdKV . .  ."Wl  a  cave 
formed  through  saline  corrosion. 

N"""""™!"""^!  f.  ch.  (preced.)  salt  deposit  in  a  cavity  in 
which  sea-water  was  allowed  to  evaporate.  Sabb.  66. 
lb.  73b,  v.  r:z  I. 

—  ~  -  (b.  h.)  [to  stand  forth,prqject  (cmp.  232),]  to  escape. 
Pi.  oVo  to  rescue.    Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  XLI  fi3n  QT2 

~2'r?^  on  the  day  of  evil  I  shall  save  thee.  Taan.  23a 
"ztrz  "rait-a  thou  hast  saved  it(the  generation) through 
thy  prayer.  Yalk.  Ps.  777  '=■  nobOQ  ':="-  Michael  helped 
David  to  escape  from  within  and  Jonathan  from  with- 
out ;  a.  e. 

Nif.  25a:  to  be  saved,  to  escape.  Esth.  R.introd.  1TX1  t"!3 
£"3335?-  Noah  is  the  first  of  those  saved  (mentioned  in 
the  Bible).  Koh.  R.  to  IX,  15  ';  213  "isi?  90*0X1  £o  who- 
soever listens  to  the  suggestions  of  his  good  inclination 
will  be  saved;  a.  e. 

Hithpa.  223rn  same.  Yalk.  Deut.  854  I'-sr^r-  DPXi 
/21  and  you  will  be  saved  from  the  judgment  of  &c. 

—  >"2  ch.  same.  Ithpe.  3-33-x  to  be  saved.  Targ.  Prov. 
xix,  5  trtore  (ed.  Wil.  awo-  Ms.  arsst-a). 

11  "*£  m.  (b.  h.),  pi.  "paba,  v.  aaba. 

D^OI^D,  v.  x^'aibr;. 

fcTDTDbDi  v.  *>*tob. 

0  i  — ^.»)  v.  next  w. 

«>Lm.  (denom.  of  332,  fr.  2*';  or  223  fo  wrap,  cover; 
cmp.  Syr.  aba  P.  Sm.  2136)  frame  or  casing  around  the 
beam-rest  in  the  wall  (corresp.  to  *|23a). — PI.  paaba.  B. 
Kam.  67a  (expl.  P153X,  Ez.  XLI,  26)  'a  (Ms.  M.  pOiaba; 

Ms.  h.  TOtnVta,  Ms.  R.  paba),  v.  xaba'ri. 

^r'^^G  f.  (23a;  cmp.  xr-2"^2)  crumbling,  corro- 
sion. Targ.  Prov.  XII,  4.  lb.  XIV,  30  xr"23a  (Var.  ed. 
Lag.  MfrtCO,  cler.  error).  Targ.  I  Chr.  XIY,  1. 

xmbo,  wnsribn,  v.  x^-a-v-  a.  *$&. 

,*I'3/D  to  speaZr,  v.  332 II. 

n>C,  &*>"C  ch.  =  h.  X33,  1)  fo  6e  /W/.  Targ.  Josh. 
Ill,  15;  a.  fr.;*  v.  next  art.  Ab.  Zar.  28a  JtnVn  =133  xb"J, 
v.  XtnVW;  a.  e.— 2)  fo  fill.  Targ.  Gen.  I,  22.  Targ.  Deut. 
VI,  11  (0.  ed.  Vienna  '!sa  Pa.);  a.  fr.— Part.  -32;  f.  X^r3; 
pi.  "(ba;  xrs-32,  N---32.  lb.  0.  XXIX,  10.  Targ.  Josh. 
IX,  2Y(ed.Vii.  -,3*?).   Targ.  Gen.  XXTV,  11;  a.  fr. 

Pa.  ^sa  1)  to  fill.  Targ.  Jer.  XIII,  13;  a.  fr.— Lev.R.  s.21 
-prfjip  ^"r?  fill  thy  vessel;  Pesik.  Ahare,  p.  176b;  Yalk.  Lev. 
571  T32  (read:  ""X^a);  Keth.  62b  "4o.  Ab.  Zar.  29a  rT^IsaT 
BPO  and  fill  it  with  water.  Taan.  29a;  Shebu.  10a;  Pes.  77a 
n^lsa  "^Isa . . .  lian  they  made  the  Tammuz  of  that  year 
a  full  month  (of  thirty  days);  a.  e. — 2)  to  complement, 
compensate,  replace.  Targ.  0.  Gen.  II,  21  "-ban  ed.  Berl. 
(ed.  Amst.  'a\  corr.  ace.).— B.  Mets.  105a  n^lrai  ma  he 
took  pains  to  make  up  for  the  loss.  lb.  'SI  i"Pr*"~2"  rr~2 
Ms.  M.  (ed.  nvip'sa?)  thou  didst  take  pains  to  make  up  &c. ; 
a.  e.— [3)  X23  37  '2  to  comfort.  Targ.  O.  Gen.  XXXIV,  3 
ed.  Berl.  (v.  Berl.  Mass.,  p.  27);  v.,  however,  Kidd.  50a, 
quot.  s.  v.  33a  II.] 

Ithpe.  "barx  to  be  filled,  full.  Targ.  Gen.  VI,  13.  Targ. 
Ex.  XL,  34  '31  If  'X  (filled);  a.  fr. 

n5"2,  Y.Hall. I,  57d  n*3Xa  "■ba,  v.nbx^ba— Yalk.  Is.  302 
"322  CjOl"1,  V.  X-"3 -. 

nbl2  m.,  S^bn,  Wfy2  I  c.  ch.=  h.  X32,  full.  Targ. 
Deut.  XXXni,  23  (Var^-V?,  "32,  -33).  Targ.  Ruth  I,  21 ; 
a.  fr.  —  Erub.  84a  X""3a  "O  when  the  pit  is  full  of  water; 
a.  fr.  —  PI.  fm,  F&O.  Targ.  Deut.  VI,  11 ;  a.  fr.  — [Targ. 
0.  Deut.  XXm,  26  "^bal  ed.  Berl.  those  ears  which  are 

full  (ripe;  oth.  ed.  "'^sa).] 
S"]  TiZ,  ^"'^0  II  m.  (preced.)  fulness.  Pesik.  Hahod., 
p.  53a  ("ref.  to  Ps'.LXXXIX,  38)  'a  3"  Xl!T^  fnTD  like  the 
moon  growing  to  fulness.  lb.;  Yalk.  Ex.  190  X1FP0  XM 
'a  br  this  (Solomon's  reign)  is  the  full  moon;  Yalk.  Chr. 
1082;  (Pesik.  R.  s.  15  nrx'pa).— Constr.  "A?  (=  h.  kVq) 
the  fill  of,  as  much  as.  Targ.  Ex.  IX,  8.  Targ.  Ps.  XCVI, 
11;  a.  fr.— Meg.  16a  msaip  'a  a  handful.— V.  X"32. 

n^"'1^,  <^^5^  f-  (°-h-)  l)  Ml,  ^  xba.— 2)  fulness, 
full  growth.  Pesik.  Hahod.,  p.  53a  (ref.  to  Ps.  LXXXES, 
38,  v.  preced.)  nrX'oab  .  .  .  DrPST  OX  if  you  will  do  good, 





you  shall  count  (your  historical  records)  by  the  nation's 
growth  to  fulness,  opp.  &3.B  decrease;  Pesik.  B.  s.  15,  a.  e., 
v.  preced.  Gen.  B.  s.  12  TrW^J  hv  .  .  .  lMflM  those  things 
had  been  created  in  perfect  condition.  lb.  s.  14  finN^a  v9, 
irsrba  ;S  fully  developed.  Num.  E.  s.  12;  a.  e.  — Gitt. 
70*  Ar'.,  v.  vAn. — 8)  {the  priestly  gifts  from)  the  ripe  or 
stored  fruits.  Tem.  4a(ref.  to  Ex.  XXII,  28)  6TWa  *% 
m'leah  means  the  first  fruits  ;Mekh.  Mishp.s.  19t)"ni3'D  &M 
"ana  "pr-sn  that  means  the  first  fruits  which  are  taken 
from  the  fulness  (the  stored  fruits).  !b»..|''<V^W»f  Ufflttt 
"at  first  fruits  which  go  by  four  names,  reshith  .  .  .  and 
m'leah;  Yalk.  Ex.  351. 

■parbn,  p^bn,  read:  rmY* 

SsPS'vp  f.  pi.  ivomen  drawing  icater,  v.  ''ba. 

n5W5Q  m.  (fxeXtYaXa,  8.)  Aoney-  and  milk-cake. 
Y.  Hall.  I,  57dS,  v.  )\Ott. 

SiTfi'1  I'D  f,  0>a)  filling,  replacing,  v.  i>a  Pa. 

lTOD  m.(nba)  \)preservedin  salt,  pickled.  Hull.ll3a 
'a  (1U?n)  salted  meat,  opp.  ban.  lb.  97h,  a.  fr.  finro  . .  .'a 
what  is  preserved  in  salt,  is  ritually  to  be  considered  as 
if  boiled  or  roasted;  a.  fr.— [PL,  v.  nba.]— 2)  safted  reZis/i, 
dessert  Ber.  VI,  7.  lb.  44a  '31  'a  rfi  f&W?  fW5  b3  Ms. 
M.  (ed.  nba,  corr.  ace;  v.  Eabb.  D.  8.  a.  1.  note)  a  meal 
without  salted  preserves  is  no  meal. 

SilvQ  ch.  same,  v.  nba  I. 

t      •    : 

a^bn,  v.  **». 

t  :    -  * » - 

Sri"'*;  vD,  v.  anxba.— an^a,  v.  ^ba. 

TfbU,  "bp,  v.  r(ba  a.  $B  ch. 

£C\P  m.  (T(ba)  counsellor.  Targ.  II  Sam.  XV,  12  (ed. 
Lag.  Sbn&a ;  Levita  toba). 

O  T  T    /  T  T  -' 

sbnba,  v.  a^a. 

Sbnb?2  f.  ch.  =next  w.— PI.  ^ba.  Targ.  0.  Deut. 
XXIII,  26'  (ed.  Berl.  f^tel,  v.  ^ba). 

T\j^Jl2  f.  (b.  h.;  bbal)  ripe  ear,  esp.  parched  ear.— 
PI.  ni'^Sa!  Maasr.  IV,  5  'a  bblan  he  who  rubs  parched 
ears;  Tosef.  Bets.  I,  20.  Tosef.  Ter.  Ill,  18  ..•pbsittJ  O"03n 
"o  *,nrayb  ...  if  one  brought  ears  to  his  house  with  the 
intention  of  parching  them.— Y.  Pes.  Ill,  beg.  29d,  v.b"W. 
Pesik.  E.  s.  43,  a.  e.,  v.  na£;  a.  fr. 

SO"1  >Q  m.  (P'ales  noun  of  "too,  cmp.  awfcia)  [water- 
pot  (cmp.  oopia),]  a  cooking  vessel.  Targ.  I  Sam.  II,  14  (ed. 
Lag.  KOlpa,  Var.  K&iBb'W;  h.  text  TV*).  Targ.  Y.  Num. 
XI,  8  XObia  Levita  (ed-  6W6Kb,  KT»b;  h.  text  111S).— 
PZ.  SOOlba,  'b-*a.  Targ.  II  Chr.  XXXV,  13  (h.  text  nmbs). 

^"^p,  *|9p  m.  (=  C]bxa;  t]bl*)  feaeAer.  Targ.  I  Sam. 
XIX,  20.  Targ.  Ez.  Ill,  17.— PJ.  "psfea.  Targ.  Jer.  VI,  17. 
Targ.  Is.  L,  4 ;  a.  e. 

f^a,  v.  ?* 

n^^D  f.  (b.h.;  *pb)  1)  speech,  argument, defence;  (in 
an  evil  sense)  sneer,  scorn.  Midr.  Prov.  to  I,  6  IflfWl  11  'a 
'31  m'litsah  (ib.)  means  the  Law  proper  &c,  rx*p3  nabl 
'51  P$ia  fconu;  ni^ba  nam  and  why  is  it  called  m.?  Be- 
cause it  saves  those  engaged  in  it  from  the  judgment  of 
Gehenna;  '31  ysibraUJ  "'a  tottJ  'a  n^'J  Hftnpl  nab  why 
is  it  called  mHitsah  (scoff-producing)?  Because  whoever 
desires  to  scoff,  will  be  amply  supplied  with  scoffing. — 
2)  metaphor.  Cant.  E.  to  I,  1  'a . .  biua. .  aipa  onb  UP  they 
find  confirmation  in  plain  Biblical  prose,  in  proverbs,  and 
in  metaphors. 

np^^P  f.  (pba)  pinching  a  bird's  head.  Sifra  Vayikra, 
N'dab',  ch.  VIIl/  Par.  7  ;  Zeb.  65*  IjHB  nb  3>Dpia  'a  the 
pinching,  for  which  function  the  Text  appoints  a  priest; 
a.  fr. 

TiWbl2,  Tosef.  Neg.  IV,  10  ed.  Zuck.  'an  (oth.  ed. 
'Vagi),  read  with  E.  S.  to  Neg.  X,  10  ni^bpn. 

SrP  yQ  f.  0>a)  filling  up,  complement.  B.  Bath.  104b 
top  [read :]  '31  nsium  'ab  KIVii  WS  "W  (v.  Eabb.  D.  S. 
a.  1.  note  40)  and  if  there  is  a  surplus,  it  must  go  to  make 
up  the  nine  kab. 

fcCnbd,  NrT^p/ip,  ($rhu)  f.(preced.)  l)mounJ, 

rampart  TargTlI  Sam.  V,  9;  Targ.  I  Kings  IX,  24  (ed. 
Lag. '"'a;  h.text  Bf&Q).  Targ.  II Sam.  XX,  15  (h.  text  nbbo); 
a>  q.—PI.  xr^ba,  '^a.  Targ.  Jer.  XXXII,  24.-2)  stuffing. 
Pes.  74a,  v.  KW*£w. 

*  t     :  : 

•T  >p  (=  ^b  na)  what  is  it  to  thee?;  of  no  practical 
valueJs&bb.  i50a  sq.  "pa  na  btai  'a  b©  nisinirn  (Ms.M.  na 

"lb,  v.  Eabb.  D.  8.  a.  1.  note)  accounts  of  'what  is  it  to 
thee?'  and  of  'what  is  in  it?',  i.  e.  for  no  practical  pur- 
pose.  [Oth.  opin.,  v.  Ar.] 

H-2Q  (b.  h.)  [to  lead  in  council,]  to  preside;  to  officiate; 
to  be  ruler.  B.  Bath.  164b  QiniU  lb  "p3ia  nsitt  'a  when  he  has 
been  in  office  one  year,  they  date  (in  documents)  'the 
second  year'.  Meg.  lla  (ref.  to  ^ban,  Esth.  I,  1)  VOSSa  'a 
started  a  dynasty  with  himself  (had  no  claims  of  succes- 
sion). Ib.  woa  isba,  v.  net?.  Zeb.  ii8b  'arc  n:u  nmrs 
'31  ten  years  during  which  Samuel  ruled  alone,  'aU3  nDlXJI 
'31  VlKttJ  and  one  year  during  Avhich  Saul  and  Samuel 
ruled  conjointly;  Tem.  15a;  a.  fr. 

Nif.  r^a;  [to  be  led,]  1)  to  take  council,  to  ask  advice 
or  permission.  Ber.  3b  ",i-nn:03  fO^ffl  they  ask  the  San- 
hedrin  for  their  confirmation.  Ib.4a  n^3"'Baa'3  "0»  ...n^  P3 
'D"\  in  whatever  I  undertake,  I  consult  the  opinion  of  M., 
my  teacher.  Ib.  29b  NSI  "plpa  ~l=an  . . .  nnxt'31  and  when 
thou  art  about  to  go  on  a  journey,  take  council  of  thy 
Maker  (pray)  and  go  out.  B.  Mete.  H^-pa^-pX  the  scribe 
must  ask  for  authorization  (to  insert  in  the  contract) ; 
a.  fr. — 2)  [to  take  council  with  one's  self,]  to  reconsider, 
change  one's  mind.  Gitt.  Ill,  1.  Dem.  Ill,  2  '31 . . .  nplbn 
TWinb  if  one  buys  vegetables  ....  and  then  decides  to 
return  (the  goods).  Ib.  3  snaxtf)  '31  '^31^  ^133  if  he  took 




them  up  to  eat  thein  and  changed  his  mind  (deciding) 
to  keep  them ;  a.  fr. 

Hif.  ""':""  to  appoint  or  elect  for  rulership,  to  ac- 
knowledge the  authority  of.  Snh.  64a  Ztrbi  inW'bartt!),  v. 
-'-•-.  Y.Ned. IX,  beg.41b(ref.toPs.LXXXI,  10)-p-ipatt  IT 
-'"'  '"''"2^  bx  allow  not  the  tyrant  within  thee  (the 
evil  inclination)  to  rule  over  thee.  Ab.  Zar.  18a  IT  rv;"X 
~'Z'~'Z~  DWDtl  "3  this  (Roman)  nation  has  been  given 
the  rulership  by  divine  decree.  R.  Hash.  16a  "^Bb  TVOHt 
3"r"  ■;■:"':"';  r'~zyz  ....  recite  before  me  verses  of 
homage  (v.  rflaba),  in  order  that  you  may  declare  me  your 
ruler ;  a.  fr. 

"^,  "^  ch.  same,  1)  to  rule.  Targ.  Gen.  XXXVII, 
8;  a.  fr!— Part.'rpba.  Targ.  Jer.  XXXIII,  21  (ed.Wfl.'^O, 
corr.acc);  a.  fr.— Ab.  Zar.  10a  *3l  ife^T*  XTSa  I  desire  that 
my  son  Severus  be  king  after  me;  ib.  T|iba^*r. — Ber.  64* 
M21  '3  Rabbah  officiated  (as  teacher  and  judge);  a.  fr. — 
2)  (mostly  "pVo)  to  decide.  Targ.  Is.  XIV,  27.  Ib.  XXIII,  8 
(ed.  Ven.  Tpba).  Ib.  9  F3bpa  ed.  Lag.  (some  ed.  X3ba,  read : 
roba);  a.  fr.— Part.  pass,  rfira,  Ib.  XIV,  26;  a.  e—  3)  to 
advise.  Targ.  II  Sam.  XVII,  7.  Targ.  I  Kings  I,  12;  a.  fr. 

Pa.  T|"*a  1)  to  advise.  Targ.  Job  XXVI,  3.-2)  to  de- 
cide, v.  supra. 

Af.  Tpbax  1)  =preced.  Hif.  Targ.  I  Kings  111,7;  a.  fr  — 
2)  to  counsel,  persuade.  Targ.  Josh.  XV,  18.  Targ.Y.Deut. 
XXX,  6;  a.  e.— [Targ.  Prov.VIII,15  pabaa  ed.  Lag.  rule 
(oth.  ed.  pcba).] 

Ithpa.  "barx,  Ithpe.  Tpbarx,  TpbEPX,  'ax  =  preced. 
Xif.—T&rg.  Is.  XXXII,  7;  a.  fr.— B.  Bath.  4»  "pan  TTQ 
pDpono  do  people  ask  for  advice  (or  permission)  after 
they  have  acted?  Ber.  27 b  '="  >Pbflftft  consult  my  family. 
Ib.  -:  'ax-  b"X  he  went  and  consulted  his  wife.  Ned. 
54a  '21  'BtiiMji  xr,-Vr  |'»  IS'I  xrb-3  53  any  change  of  order 
for  which  the  messenger  has  to  ask  special  authorization, 
is  heterogeneous  (to  the  object  of  the  original  commis- 
sion) ;  '31  nbr  rfV»  ybyqn  xrb"3  53  a  change  for  which 
the  messenger  asks  for  instructions  is  homogeneous.  Sot. 
43b  fib"  'a"1!*  "'X  if  he  reconsiders  his  original  disposal; 
a.  fr. 

:|  JU  m.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  leader  in  council,  chief,  king. 
Ber.  3b'  'an  -::nx  our  lord  the  king!  Tosef.  Snh.  VIII,  5, 
r.  fr.  C-oban  *Am  'a  the  Most  Supreme  King  (the  Lord). 
Ib.  IX,  8  C"b"  b»  '-2  '-SX  even  a  king  of  kings  (great 
sovereign).  Snh.  38a,  a.  fr.  T'ia  'a  (v.  ~C3)  a  human  chief. 
Ab.  Zar.  10*  'a  p  'a  "pTWb  pX  they  (the  Romans)  do 
not  allow  the  son  of  a  king  to  succeed  his  father.  Kerith. 
5b  -(.£jo  'i2  a  first  king,  starter  of  a  dynasty.  Shebu.  6b 
m  br  "isVtt  this  hyparch's  chief.  Num.  R.  s.  18  '31  'a  rrra 
Moses  has  made  himself  the  chief,  and  Aaron  is  high 
priest  &c;  a.  v.  fr. — Pi  B*353.  Hor.  12a  rx  pr:r"3  TS'Z 
'31  'an  how  are  kings  anointed?  By  drawing  with  the 
oil  the  outlines  of  a  crown;  Ker.  5b.  Ib.  TH  FP3  "353  the 
kings  of  the  house  of  David  (southern  kingdom);  bxi'lT'a 
the  kings  of  tte  northern  kingdom;  a. v.  fr. — 'a  na Prin- 
cess, name  of  a  demon  afflicting  the  eye,  also  a  certain 
disorder  of  Pit-  .  ..  ra  I.  Sabb.  109»  (Var.  Iplin  K3, 
v.  Rabb.D.8.  a.  1.  note).— P/.-ba  moa.  Tosef. B.Kam.  IX, 

27  'a  naa  Tits'1  the  'princesses'  (humors  of  the  eye)  es- 
caped (in  consequence  of  a  blow). 

"2,  ?P5^i  fcC"~  ch.  same.  Targ.  Ps.  XXIV,  7;  9. 
Targ!  Ex.  I,  8;'  a.  fi\  — Snh.  110a  'a  IWl  tHfe  he  (Moses) 
himself  is  chief.  Y.  Yeb.  XVI,  15c,  v.  O^ptTX.  Y.  Ter. 
VIII, 46b  bot.  'a  tOSTVH  he  (Dioclet)  became  king;  a.  fr.— 
PI.  -faba,  X*3ba,  l&d.  Targ.  Gen.  XVII,  6.  Ib.  XIV,  5. 
Targ.  Prov.vill,  15  ;  a.  fr.— Gitt.  62a  'a  ftfyt  xabtf  (to 
scholars)  peace  be  with  you,  chiefs!  —  Shebu.  6b  'a  *Hh 
'31  two  kings  and  two  viceroys  (hyparchs);  a.  fr. 

n*^2,  "73,  iSm/yiZf  "72  m.  (preced.  wds.)  counsel,  ad- 
vice. Targ.  Is.  IIL  3.  Targ.  Y.  Deut.  VIII,  18  (O.  itSS;  h. 
text  !j2);  a.  fr.  —  PI.  ftfyi  X;?^a,  *tf.  Targ.  Is.  XXV,  1. 
Targ.  Job  XII,  17  (not  'a).   Targ.  Hos.  X,  6;  a.  e. 

&02D,  v.  Rtffa. 

FT-  t      •  : 


Pi3>?2  f.  (b.  h.;  T|ba)  queen,  king's  wife.  B.Bath.l5b 
'zi  X3"a  raba  laixrt  ba  whoever  says  malkath  Sheba 
(I  Kings  X,  1)  means  a  woman  is  mistaken;  means 
the  kingdom  (rcba)  0f  Sheba.  Sabb.  119a  'an  natt  the 
queen  Sabbath;  a.  fr. 

^yyS  f.  (Tjba)  consultation.  Gen.  R.  s.  8;  Yalk.  ib.  13 
(ref.  to  Gen.  I,  26)  'a  X3H  fpb  this  does  not  mean  holding 
council  (with  the  ministering  angels). 

^DslZ,  v.  xr.ttba. 

:     -  t       :  - 

fVD^S  f.  (b.  h.;  Tjba)  l)  kingdom,  government ;  office. 
Ab.  Ill,  5  'a  bt?  the  yoke  of  (secular)  government  (burden 
of  office).  Ber.  13b  a.  fr.  tfitStt  'a  W  the  yoke  of  (sub- 
mission to)  divine  government.  Gitt.  VIII,  5,  v.  ",i«*i"l.  Ber. 

48b,  a.  e.  '3i  rwra  'a  -px,  v.  -en.  Sot.  nb  (ref.  to  era, 

Ex.  I,  21)  'a  TQ  dynasties.— 'aa  Tia  to  rebel  against  the 
government,  to  commit  treason.  Snh.49a;  a.  fir. — rtstfrjtt  'a 
the  wicked  government  (Rome).  Ber.  61b  Ms.  M.  a.  early 
ed.  (later  ed.  fP);  a.  fr. — 'ab  anp  connected  with  the 
court  (influential).    B.  Kam.  83a.    Gitt.  14b;  a.  fr.  —  PI. 

ni'sba.  Gen.  R.  s.  44  '31  'ai  arma rwa^x  the  Lord 

showed  him  (Abraham)  four  things:  future  punishment, 
(persecution  by  foreign)  governments  &c. ;  Mekh.  Yithro, 
s.  9  '31  'a  3?3"1X  the  four  empires  which  were  destined  to 
subject  his  descendants.  Ber.  34b,  a.  e.  X5X  .  .  .  "pa  px 
-aba  'a  Tiasia  there  will  be  no  difference  (in  the  conditions 
of  life)  between  the  present  and  the  Messianic  days  ex- 
cept (the  delivery  from)  the  oppression  of  governments ; 
a.  fr. — 2)  (in  liturgy)  a  benediction  invoking  God  as  king 
(obirn  -53  tnrfa).  Ib.  12a  '31  'a  na  fWtJ  Mara  b3  a  ben- 
ediction in  which  the  word  'king'  does  not  occur,  is  no 
benediction.— PL  nfraVa  the  references  to  the  divine  king- 
dom in  the  Musaf  of  the  New  Tear's  Dag,  the  section 
called  Malkhiyoth.  R.  Hash.  IV,  5.  Ib.  6  'a  tCW»  the  re- 
citation of  ten  Biblical  verses  referring  to  the  divine 
government.  Ib.  (32b)  '31  'a  ni31l3t  Ms.  M.  (ed.  sing.),  v. 
p-x:.   Y.  ib.  Ill,  58d;  a.  e. 

fcCl'D^Jf  ^0^2  f.  same,  kingdom,  rulership.  Targ. 
Ob.  21.   Targ.  Jud.  IX,  9 ;  a.  fr.— B.  Kam.  113a,  v.  xr-. 





Ber.  58a  X3np*i"i  "0  pS3  fct?1&H  'a  royal  majesty  on  earth 
is  similar  to  that  of  heaven.  Ab.  Zar.  10b  'an  ^UJn  the 
notables  of  the  (Roman)  empire.  Tam.  32a  '31  13ba  W* 
let  him  shun  government  and  governor ;  '31  'a  nn"P  let 
him  be  a  friend  of  government  and  ruler  and  (use  his 
influence  to)  do  good  to  mankind.  Pes.  113a  W^nsoba 
'31  "mriN  their  rulersiiip  dwells  behind  their  ears,  i.  e. 
they  may  rise  to  power  at  some  future  time.  Ab.  Zar.  2  ' 
'31  12  Winte^a  "08J8  (or  '  isba,  pi.)  they  will  continue 
in  power  until  the  Messiah  comes ;  a.  fr.— PL  "jlsba,  xni3?a, 
'lisba.  Targ.  Gen.  XXV,  23.  Targ.  Deut.  Ill,  21 ;  a.  fr. 

*"05Z2>  fct"05l2  c.  (~ba,  cmp.  oV»)  deliberation, 
vacillation.  Pesi'k.R.  s.  15  -pb  i3ba  son  piDB  cut  (end) 
this  deliberation  of  thy  heart  (decide);  Pesik.  Habod.  p. 
43a  "jab  ",a  irfao  (read:  N'oV'a,  and  insert  plOS);  Yalk. 
Gen.  77  -;aba  iaV»  "pin  SBp  (read  with  Matt.  K.  to  Gen. 
s.  44:  SOsba);  Gen.  R.  s.  44  TB  )V  X^Jdia  pin  pop  (ed. 
Wil.  Bte^tD;  Ar.  s.  v.  SJDp:  X^-JS  in);  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps. 
XL,  end  VtAna  K"ffl  (ed.  Bub.  anb^a);  Yalk.  Ps.  737  -pin 
ISOlba  (corr.  ace).  [8CWIO,  seems  to  be  a  corrupt,  of  [xe- 
tdvoia  in  the  sense  of  change  of  mind,  the  Greek  equiv- 
alent of  our  w.] 

S"052  f.  (jiaXaxia,  malacia)  want  of  appetite,  nausea. 
Deut.  B.'  s.  6  ininstn  'a  nbsil)  (not  nniaob)  whose  sister 
was  suffering  from  malacia. 

&tJ??J2i  lT$bD  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  m.,  'a  31  Bab  Malkia, 
an  Amora.   Sabb.  46a;  a.  e.,  v.  next  w. 

TD^S  pr.  n.  m.  M'lakhiu,  1)  father  of  R.  Kahaua. 
Erub.'8b.— 2)  'a  31  Rab  M.,  an  Amora.  Keth.  61b;  Mace. 
21a;  Nidd.  52b.  '31  *1  lax  'a  "l  lax  Rab  M.  reports  in 
the  name  of  R.  Ada  &c. ;  Bets.  28b  Ms.  M.  (v.  Rabb.  D. 
S.  a.  1.  note).  lb.  (mnemonical  rules  by  which  to  distin- 
guish between  the  subjects  reported  by  R.  Malkia  and 
those  by  R.  M'lakhiu);  ib.  Nnsba  *,mina  -pa^DI  and  the 
mnemotechnical  mark  is :  the  Mishnah  is  queen,  i.  e.  all 
opinions  referring  to  Mishnah  (and  Boraitha)  belong  to 
Rab  Malkiya  (God  is  King). 

SjD>I2,  "C  m.  (?}ba)  counsel,  wisdom.  Targ.  Prov. 
VIII,T14.'lb.  XXIV,  6  (ed.Lag.  SOsbia);  a.e.— V.  N53bia. 

^CObO  f.  ch.=h.  nsba.  Targ.  I  Kings  XI,  19 ;  a.  fr.— 
Ker.  28b;*Pes.  57a;— PL  *,3ba,  VayK&O.  Targ.  I  Kings 
XI,  3.  Targ.  II  Esth.  V,  1. 

IXTOJC,  'b^U  f.«=60^a,  counsel.  Targ.  Ps.  XXXIII, 
11.   Ib.  I,'l;  a.e.— PL  KflgW,  *W.   Ib.  V,  11 ;  a.  e. 

SrflDrDvQ,  J^12  f.  (preced.)  consultation,  meeting 
of  councilm'en.  Targ.  Prov.  XI,  14. 

~~E  m.  (denom.  of  Via)  border,  hem.  Kel.  XXVIII,  7; 

Sabb.  29a  'an  "JO  yvn bs>  UJbll)  the  measure  of  three 

square  handbreadths  of  which  the  Rabbis  speak,  means 
exclusive  of  tbe  portion  used  for  hemming.  M.  Kat. 
26b  'an  "TO  ....  silpn  he  who  rends  his  garment  only 

as  far  as  tbe  hem   goes;   Y.  ib.  Ill,  83b  top  'an  *,a.  — 
Denom. : 

5701  to  hem,  edge.  M.  Kat.  26a  ibbiaib . . . 'pfttirn -pi=i 
and  all  these  i-ents  may  be  mended  by...  hemming.  Kil. 
IX,  9  '31  IS  bbia  he  hems  (the  purple  band)  before  he 
knots  it. 

5  JJ2i  II  (b.  h.)  1)  to  crush,  squeeze,  esp.  to  rub  ears 
for  husking  the  grain.  Taan.6a  bam  "CI,  v.  dipba.  Maasr. 
IV,  5,  v.  nb">ba.  Bets.  13a  mb">ba3  "|bbiab  with  the  intention 
of  husking  them  when  parched.  Tosef.  Sabb.  XVI  (XVII), 
22 ;  Sabb.  12a  bbia  he  rubs  it  between  two  fingers ;  a.  fr. — 
Part.  pass.  Vlba.  Tosef.  ib.  XIV  (XV),  17  'an  ns  pbbia 
you  may  husk  that  which  needs  husking. — 2)  to  stir  a 
mush,  make  apulp.  Pes.  401'  biba"^  n^inni .  . .  pbbis  px 
'31  you  must  not  stir  a  dish  (in  the  usual  way)  on  Pass- 
over, but  he  who  desires  to  make  a  mush,  must  put  in  the 
flour  and  then  add  vinegar.— Part.  pass,  as  ab.  Tosef .  Maasr. 
I,  7  biban  *,a  ed.  (ed.  Zuck.  baxan,  Var.  baan)  out  of  the 
olive  pulp. 

Nif.  bba?  to  be  compressible,  (of  webs)  to  be  soft  and 
doicny.  Gitt.  59a  (ref.  to  nrinba,  II  Kings  X,  22)  131 
rinaJI  bbasn  a  cloth  which  can  be  compressed  (creased) 
and  stretched  (again,  showing  no  creases  when  unfolded) ; 
[Rashi:  a  stuff  the  thread  of  which  is  twisted  between 
the  spinner's  fingers  and  stretched]. — V.  nbaba. 

^0/2  I  ch.  same,  v.  Viach. 
55S  ch.,  constr.  of  xbba. 

V  J!2  III,  Pi.  b|a,  "to  (b.  h. ;  denom.  of  Via)  [to present, 
show;  cmp.  ffth,  nin,]  to  proclaim,  utter,  speak.  Hor.  13b; 
Meg.  18a;  Mace.  10a  (ref.  to  Ps.  CVI,  2)  '31  b|ab  tVO  *ab 
whom  does  it  become  to  utter  the  mighty  deeds  &c? — 
Y.  Keth.  II,  26d  bot.  inUJX  'lbs  bs  bfeaa  "Olbs  13988  we 
heard  that  man  speaking  of  (pointing  out)  that  woman 
as  his  wife ;  ITM  bs>  nbjbaa  speaking  of  her  children ;  a. 
e —[Ley.  B.  s.  27  bba  "TO,  read:  ba,  v.  b<»  II,  2.— Lam.R. 
introd.  (R.  Han.  1)  trblsaa,  v.  obab.] 

55Q  II,  Pa.  b%3,  b^a  ch.  same,  in  gen.  to  speak  (cor- 
resp.  to'  b.h.  isn,  h"«to).  Targ.  Gen.  XXXIV,  3  (O.ed.Berl. 
i|a).  Ib.  XVII,  22,  sq.;  a.  v.  fr.  — Part,  bisaa,  xbipaa  &c. 
(in  ed.  frequ.  with  one  a,  corr.  ace).  Targ.  Job  II,  10; 
a.  fr.  —  Kidd.  50a  ilbs  "^a  i's>aa  (=  "$WM)  they  speak 
against  me. 

Ithpa.  biraniX  1)  to  be  spoken,  said,  told.  Targ.  Ps. 
LXXXVII,3.  Targ.Y.  Ex.  XX,  16;  a.  e.— Y.  Shek.  VI,  50, 
top  (play  on  WO,  Ez.  XL VII,  5)  [read:]  p^a  im»  "»a  *KM 
'31  pbfeapaT  what  is  me  sahu?  "Waters  which  are  spoken 
of  in  the  world  (v.  rnia). —  2)  to  converse.  Targ.  Y.  Ex. 
XXXIII,  9.   Targ.  Ez.  II,  2 :  I,  28 ;  a.  e. 

S^-?!C  \Rs>12)  m.  (preced.)  word,  speech.  Targ.  Job 
XV,  U.  TargJll  Esth.  VII,  9  bba  (constr.);  a..e.  —  PL 
pbba,  constr.  ^Vba.  Targ.  Y.  II  Deut.  XXX  ,  24  (ed.  Amst. 

N>t5^2,  Jm'12  m.  (bba  I)  1)  only  in  60".-  'a  embers. 
[Comm.'identifyourw.  with  preced. .referring  tothedouble 




meaning  of  OT&.]  Ab.  Zar.  28b  (Var.  xbbia.  v.  Rabb.  D. 
B.  a.  1.  note  400).  —  PL  "b\o,  **Q.  Sabb.  109b  Tl  'tbvi  "3 
-1.  ';";-)  between  the  embers — *2)  gold  ore  as  broken 
in  the  mine.  Ketb.  67a  '  -3  Ar.  (ed.  X5*T33)  it  means  ore 
(Bashi :  gold  leaf). 

S~T«  m.  (=  xb'rx..  v.  bbx)  spy.— PL  VH^ffO,  (*$g). 
Targ.V.  II  Deut.  I,  1  (Y.  I  Xibbx).— [-Yr"2,  v.  K&a] 

STfl5?Q  f.  (bVq  II)  speaking.  Constr.  nfc&o.  Targ. 
Y.  ExT  XXXIII,  16.  ' 

TD5D  m.  (b.  h.;  T?b)  ox-goad.  Kel.  IX,  6,  v.  'jqrtj.  Y. 
Snh.  X,  28"  '="  ~  -'":  KTHD  '  -  it  is  called  maimed,  because 
it  trains  the  cow  &c;  Pesik.  Bahod.,  p.  153a;  a.  e. 

"^"2^2  in.  fiboH),  pi.  'p^wVo  crumbs,  Mikv.  IX.  2 
"Ofi  tlie  crumb-like  particles  of  dirty  or  sweaty  hands 
when  they  are  rubbed  against  each  other. 

S"^  -~^2  ch.,  pi.  "pfewSw  same.  Y.  Pes.  Ill,  beg.  29d, 
v.  'Zl~\. 

5D5C  (Pilpel  of  bb?)  fo  toft,  v.  ab-b. 

nUj^U^^JDv/j)  f.  (bVoII;  cmp.  nbr?)  cloth  of  a 
fine  and  doxcny  texture.  Gitt.  59a,  explained  bba:n  "C"i, 
v.  bba  II,  AY". 

t  :  • 

"j"EC"E  Tanh.  Yithro  7,  v.  "peBb^a. 

>•  —  m.  (rrb,  v.  r"b)  whiskers:  '-'"Z"-  br  '-  glume, 
the  outer  husk  of  grains.  —  PL  "?b-.-  Ukts.  I,  3;  Hull. 
119b,  sq.  *xba;  Tosei*.  Ukts.  I,  2  "p&OTO  br  "Xba  ed.  Zuck. 
(R.  S.  to  Ukts.  1.  c.  7"";-2;  Var.  Tosef.  ed.  Zuck.  SsV©, 
coir.  ace). — Hull.  1.  c.  a^xb  an  "pM  ixbaa  when  he  takes 
hold  of  a  number  of  glumes  (which  do  not  break). 

^>u3j  pL  m"'~z.  v.  a-ra. 

!tf£  <"2,  i~!£  T2,  infinit.  PaeY  of  abx  or  rpb"|.  Y.  Kil. 
IX,  32T|/bot.;  Y.TKeth.  XII,  35a  bot.  'a  "V;,  v.  abx  II. 

"TSwO,  Tosef.  Ukts.  II,  10,  v.  fMJ*B. 

S2£  >-  m.  (v.  a'ba)  teacher.  Yeb.  21b  rWI  'a  thou 
s-halt  be  a  teacher.    Gen.  R.  s.  68,  beg.  "£?a,  ▼■  N?~-""?- 

Jtf""^,  "j"£jf  ~*2,  S2"i;^",2,  v.  sub  'sb"a. 

|>~G  (b.  h.)  to  pinch  a  bird's  neck  with  the  finger 
nail.  Zeb.VI,5;  lb.  VII,  5;— Part.  pass,  pq&O;  f.npVra, 
pi.  nip^bp.  Sifra  Vayikra,  N'dab.,  Par.  9,  ch.  XI  np-lba 
mt'"  a  bird  that  has  been  pinched  for  a  profane  pur- 
pose, opp.  rriia  'a.  lb.  bx-l""  rYplVu  birds  pinched  by 
Israelites  (not  for  sacrificial  purposes),  opp.  3*:~a  "Z. 

Nif.  pba:  to  be  killed  by  pinching.  Y.  Sabb.  II,  5a  bot. 
PJjsbailOT  after  the  pinching  has  been  performed.  Ab. 
d'R.  X.  ch.  I  "br  "P"  r?  ~"^"~  ~-=  h°w  many  birds 
have  been  pinched  for  thee  (the  altar)  1;  a.  fir. 

p"w  ch.  spine.   Targ.  O.  Lev.  I,  15;  a.  e.  (Y. *«")• 

for  receiving  the  excrements  of  working  cattle;  [Tosaf. 
Yom.  Tob  a.  1.  attests  a  version  aibpa].  [Tosef.  Kel.  B. 
Mets.  Ill,  14,  v.  Ogfco  II.] 

*&"]p>E  m.(b.h.;  dpb)  late  rain.  Taati.  6»  fCha  'a  the 
late  rain  (the  malkosh  of  the  Bible)  is  the  rain  in  Nisan. 
lb.  (play  on tt3"ip5-3)'21  "jrvncp >  baa  "CTt  Rashi  (ed.  frttTWp) 
something  which  crushes  the  stiff neckedness  of  the  Is- 
raelites (who  humble  themselves  in  prayer  for  rain) ;  "QT 
mDpa  ttXian  xbaan  something  which  fills  the  grain  in 
its  stalks;  "icpn  bsi  ttfr&Qfl  bs  TVnD  tn  which  falls 
upon  both  the  ears  and  the  stalks ;  Yalk.  Deut.  863.  Sifre 
Deut.  s.  41 ;  a.  fr. 

sS'w"lp^2  ch.  same.  Targ.  O.  a.  Yr.  II  Deut.  XXXH.2. 
— PL  •fr'pbr.   Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XL,  4. 

n'p>/C  f.  (<"ipb)  the  punishment  of  lashes.  Mace.  I,  3 
-""SIX  '"2  W\  XliTi'  that  he  (has  done  something  for 
which  he)  is  subject  to  forty  lashes.  Y.  Naz.  IV,  53a  bot. 
'3*1  B*33"iX  \VfV\  'a  the  Biblical  punishment  consists  of 
thirty-nine  lashes ;  a.  fr.— PL  rvrpba.  Snh.  81 b  rVKVnabiB  'a 
the  punishment  of  lashes  for  offences  punishable  with  ex- 
tinction.  Ber.  7a,  v.  PflPTTOl;  a.  fr. 

n^p^,  ^rilp^C  ch.  same,  chastisement.  Targ.  Y. 
Deut.  XXV,  3.   Targ.'  II  Sam.  VII,  14. 


nnpvE,  v.  rnpba. 

U^np5Z2  m.  du.  (b.  h. ;  r.~h)  tongs;  (in  Midr.)  two 
pairs  of  tongs.  Pesik.  R.  s.  33;  Yalk.  Is.  271  (ref.  to  Is. 
VI,  6)  'aB  *TO  why  with  two  pairs?;  v.  next  w. 

nnp>22  f.  (preced.)  tongs.  Pesik.R.  s.  33 ;  Yalk.  Is.  271 
mnx  'a  ba:  (some  ed.  nnpb"3)  he  took  another  pair  of 

12p™!2 1  m.  (apb)  gatherer,  eclectic  scholar.  Ab.  d'R. 
N.  ch.  XVIII,  end  'zl  xba  riE"  ~Z"  '"  a  discriminating 
eclectic  scholar  without  any  pride. 

12p>/!2  II  m.,  rapb"a  f.  (apb)  pinchers  for  picking 
hair,  wool  &c.  Mace.  IH,  5 ;  Naz.  40b,  v.  apb.  Kel.  XHI,  8 
(ed.  Dehx-.  10)  rz~'"'zh  fUB&\  and  he  makes  use  of  them 
as  pinchers;  lreb.  43a  apbnb.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.III,  14 
"("Dii:  be  cngbctl  (ed.  Zuck.  fVSO  br  -j-pb^n)the  fullers' 
pinchers  (with  which  they  remove  knots  in  a  web).  Sabb. 
97a  *31  '"33  apb^TVtO  .  .  .  "1CJBX  "iX  a  public  road  cannot  be 
made  even  (as  skin  is  made)  with  pinchers  and  razors. 

nI2p5E,  Y.  Naz.  I,  51 b  bot.,  *f"p  "3=,  read:  ^pb", 

v.  ","-• 

S—  P~"2  m.  ch..  pi.  BP*OJ?ifl  (preced.  art.)  snuffers. 
Targ.  Y.'  Num.  IV,  9  (Ar.ed.  Koh.  xn^pb-a,Var.  X^J'jpb  - ; 
h.  text  '^npb-2).  Targ.  Y'.  Ex.  XXV,  38;  XXXVIl','23 
xr— jpb-a  (Ar.  xnrapb-). 

T3"p?0  a     api)  bag.  Kel.  XYI,  7  -~Z  bm  "zr,  the  bag     |  Sr"^p52,  v.  KDpte. 




TTgbo,  v.  -jpba  ii. 

]vibi2f  ynbti,  v.  ?*%&. 
antes  v.  **. 

p^IJ-PQjm.  (yob)  slanderer,  in former.  Midr.  Till,  to 
Ps.  CXX. 

SDn£;3E  ch.  same.  Targ.  Ps.  CXX,  3. 
^Tj'iT^jDl  (preced.)  slander.  Targ.  Ps.  LII,  4. 

T\bl2,  v.  nb^a. 

n^D,  v.  Kferai. 

tfrfeD,  v.  btt$m 

ISr  >>D  mound,  v.  xmba. 

T  ••     •  '  t  :  :  - 

CSiDu  place  for  drawing  loater,  v.  KfWfta. 
TT]7)'7J2  f.  (b.  li.)  wardrobe.  Gitt.  59a,  v.  bba  II. 

T    t  :    v  '  -  t 

"prift,  v.  nb^. 

HTfTOPi  read  ITntnba. 

t    :  :    -  t   :   :    -        '       i  ii""i 

1—  72,  Ul2  Mem,  name  of  the  thirteenth  letter  of  the 
alphabet.  Sabb.  103b  nair.O  dlUT  d"a  Ms.  O.  (ed.  dWd) 
the  Mem  in  s/*em  is  closed  (final  letter) ;  nnina  "pi'aUJ  d"a 
(ed.  nins)  the  Mem  in  Shim'on  is  open  (initial  letter), 
lb.  I04a  'si  naxa  nairo  d"a  nnins  d"a  the  open  and  the 
closed  Mems  intimate  that  there  are  subjects  in  the  Law 
which  are  open  to  all,  and  such  as  are  closed  (esoteric 
studies).  Y.  Meg.  I,  71d  '31  d"a  d"a  2V31  ftl  ina  why 
is  it  that  the  letters  Mem,  Nun  &c.  are  written  in  two 
ways?— Maas.  Sh.  IV,  11 ;  a.  ir.  —  Pl.  tfiOQ,  T^a.  Sabb. 
103a  one  must  not  write  '31  'p3ad  'a  Mem  like  Samekh 
or  vice  versa;  a.  e. 

itm,  v.  «*. 

TV212,  Y.  Erub.  IV,  end,  22a  'a  rVO,  v.  baa. 

ruaai  v.  na. 

jJlZJU  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  m.  Memucan,  one  of  the  seven 
princes  of  Persia  and  Media.  Meg.  12lj;  Esth.  R.  to  I,  14 
(play  on  the  name),  v.  ',13  a.  6183. 

"""fc^HD  (nS y\12)  m.  pi.  (bba  II)  frail,  short-lived 
people  (by  the  way  of  play  on  tfbaa,  q.  v.).  —  Fern.  pi. 
VKVCfyum,  Nrpibiaa  f/^iWJ  (with  <&$  frail  words  (un- 
tenable arguments).  Yeb.  75!>  sq.  "fcNi  im-iax  'a  *ttrt  BrWSS 
'a  because  you  are  frail,  you  speak  frail  words;  (Var. 
WV^tt . .  .i^rtW  lmnso  dioa  because  you  are  descendants 
of  &c);  B.  Mets.  109»;  B.  Bath.  137b  (Ms.  R.  -,WttH);  151a 
(ed.  Pes.  nnxibiaa). 

^12)1212,  v.  ^aia. 

"j"172!Q  m.  (contr.  of  "pana,  v.  'pan;  nan)  accumulation, 
wealth,  value  (in  Greek  writers:  Mammon).  Tanh.  Matt. 7 
'31  dSDiaa  nx  dSrOdVl  OFftt  you  loved  your  wealth  (of  cat- 
tle) more  than  your  souls ;  Num.  R.s.  12.  lb.;  Tanh.  1.  c.  6 
dibs  "O^K  nila  nnxia  na  "paa  money  is  named  mamon, 
that  which  thou  countest  is  nothing.  B.  Mets.  2b,  a.  fr. 
pBD3  bdlan  'a  property  of  doubtful  ownership  (with 
several  claimants).  Tosef.  B.  Mets.  VII,  13;  B.  Kam.  116lj 
'a  isb  ■pdfflna  the  loss  of  a  caravan  attacked  by  robbers 
(the  redemption  paid  them)  is  apportioned  according  to 
the  value  of  the  freight  which  each  passenger  carried, 
contrad.  to  nittJBS  "'Bb  according  to  the  number  of  pas- 
sengers, lb.  83b  'a  *pS  nnn  "p»  'eye  for  eye'  (Ex.  XXI,  24) 
means  a  fine  in  value,  opp.  Oaa  "ps  an  actual  putting  out 
of  the  eye;  a.  v.  fr.—  [Pesik.  R.  s.  21  (ed.  Fr.,  p.  1051')  "px 
•naiad  WJB  tiPS,  read  iStOBS,  thou  canst  not  define  its 
value ;  Fr.  a.  1.  emends  WD3,  v.  i^V  .]—Pl.  naiaa.  Snh. 
I,l,v."pn;  a.  fr. 

"\V212,  #7)1212  ch.  same.  Targ.  Gen. XXXVII,  26  na 
'a  (Y.  'aTn"«3n;  iJtext  3>S3  na).  Targ.  Ex.  XXI,  30  (h. 
text  IBS)}  a.  fr.— B.  Kam.  15»  'a  XpTJ  iObB  the  payment 
of  'half-damage'  is  considered  as  a  due  indemnity,  opp. 
KdSp  penalty.  lb.  108a  'a  WIS  "nn  two  kinds  of  indem- 
nity (for  the  same  action) ;  ib.  iOiaa  *nn  two  indemnities ; 
a.  fr. 

T\±ftl212  f.  (nja)  appointed,  deputy,  superintendent,  in 
gen.  officer.  Tosef.  Pes.  II  (III),  11  'aan  "p3Yt;  Pes.  49a  'a 
5""1  b^3  Zunin  the  deputy  of  Rabban  G.  (superintendent 
of  the  College).  Sot.42a  ia3  bs  'a  VFV  who  has  a  superior 
in  office,  lb.  Kin  'a  ixb  "jSO  the  deputy  high  priest  is  no 
active  officer.  Snh.  II,  1  '31  fSjta  'an  the  m'munneh 
places  him  between  himself  and  the  people;  ib.  19a  "OTtl 
'a  I3""n  "pd  the  sagan  (Tosef.  ib.  IV,1)  is  the  same  as  the 
nCmunneh  (in  Mish.  1.  c),  i.  e.  the  deputy  high  priest. 
Shek.  V,  4  '31  bs>  'a  KiniB  who  was  the  superintendent  of 
seals  &c;  a.  iv.—Pl.  d">3laa,  "pSiaa.  Ib.  1  '31 'an 'pi  ibx  those 
were  the  special  officers  in  the  Temple;  a.  e. 

^1212  m.  (ttfca)  touch,  feeling.  Targ.Y.  II  Gen. XXVII, 

22  (Y.  I  oaia . . .  ttjsp). 

SHO?  m.  (nia) pestilence,  death.  Targ.Ps.LXXVIII, 
50  (Var.  Xinia). — Constr.  naa.   Targ.  Jer.  XVI,  4;  a.  e. 

"fiJO/p  m.  (v.  ita)  twisted  gam,  cord.  Y.  Sabb.  VII, 

F)T212  m.  (StO)  druggist.    Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XXX,  25;  35, 

v.  sta  ' 

""HOD,  v.  sub  njaa. 

"^1212  m.  (b.h.;  "TOD,  sec.  r.  of -it,  cmp.  nnsaa,  "WOT,  v. 
Arnheim  Hebr.  Gr.p.173)  [rejected,  outcast,]  bastard.  Yeb. 
IV,  13  '31  *iXl!)  bs  'a  1WN  who  is  a  mamzerl  The  issue 
of  any  connection  forbidden  in  the  ")i"ih;  (oth.  opiu.) 
*S\  ni3  rbs  "pa^no  b3  the  issue  oi  '  connection  for- 
bidden under  the  penalty  of  extinction;  a.i'r.— Pl.Tim~'~^, 
-p-n-aa,  "ijaa.  Kidd.  Ill,  13  inaib  'r  "pVo^  there  is  a  pos- 
sibility for  the  issue  of  bastards  to  be  rebabilitated.  Yeb. 




VIII,  3.  Y.  ib.  9C  bot.  yWjryfti  the  bastards  among  them; 
a.  fr.—  Fern.  PnUBQ.   Tosef.  Kidd.  V,  2.    Yeb.  78b;  a.  fr. 

fcTTjCSS,  ""^12  ch.  same.  Targ.O.  Deut.  XXIII,  3.— 
Yeb.  781';  a.  e.  —  Fetn.  Wytnau,  nrfTTOOi  Lev.  R.  s.  32; 
Y.  Yeb.  VUI,  9C  bot.  'XJfl  ITttaa  J?Qp  pbp  3r:0  he  heard 
people  call  (certain  persons)  bastards. 

rn"p2/!2,  m)J212  f.  (preced.)  the  legal  condition  of  a 
mamzer,  bastardship.  Y.  Gitt,  IV,  beg.  45c,*r*?  X'.r  BtfblE 
'*2  in  order  to  prevent  cases  of  bastardship.  Ib.  pM9  WW 
'  :  *~"  her  children  will  be  subjected  to  the  restrictions 
of  &c.  Y.  Kidd.  I,  58d  top  'z'  rwi  BttO  '~2  the  difference 
between  the  two  opinions  concerns  bastardship,  and  you 
say  so  (that  the  several  followers  of  the  two  opinions  did 
not  hesitate  to  intermarry)?;  Y.  Yeb.  I,  end,  3b  ffTflaW 
(corr.  ace).  Yoma  18b  "2  .  .  .  .  KboOl  and  fills  the  world 
with  cases  of  bastardsliip;  Yalk.  Lev.  617;  (Yeb.  371' 
pM)j  a  e. 

;>.— «j     )*r^  ni.  (preced.)  descendant  of  a  mamzer, 
belonging  to  the  mamzer  class.  Kidd.  IY,  1 ;  Tosef.  ib.V,l. 

CTHJOQ,  v.  noma. 

rnjgo,  asfirgq,  ngrgqai  v.  •*?*,  *:- :: 

SI"  «^,  p*2*2  m.  (p^)  scorner.  Targ.  Pro  v.  IX,  7; 
a  fr.— JP/.V~>r,  V~Vr-  Targ-  *■•  I,  1 ;  a.  e.— Ib.  XXXV: 
16  x*:p— ?";  scorning  icords  (ed.  Wil.  'pas). 

Sr^Jp^'DQ,  'pEE  f.  (preced.)  scorn.  Targ.  Prow  I, 
22;  a.  e). 

"DQQ  m.  (b.  h.;  -=2)  sa/e.    B.  Bath.  155b  'S  Prs^-; 

T     :      .  '         -   t'  t  t    :    - 

her  sale  is  valid. — Ib.  '"2  l~2r-  their  sale  &c;  a.e. — npa 
•an  commerce,  commercial  transactions.  B.  Mets.79b;  a.  e. 

Srr!C!2,  Targ.  Prov.  XV,  13,  read  with  ed.  Lag.: 

^  r.  m.  (Y--Z II)  crushing  tool, press-beam  (or  stone)  for 
olives;  mill.  B.  Bath.  IV,  5;  expl.  ib.  67b  MtGTOB.  Tosef. 
Ter.  in,  13  '=1  -fjttfl  'ah  "pfA  frtn  when  he  puts  them 
in  the  mill  and  walks  over  them  crosswise;  Y.  ib.UI,  42b 
top  'T2.1  P.nn.  Maasr.  I,  7  'ah  fUa  Mish.  ed.  (Bab.  ed.  TfOS 
'rn ;  Y.  ed.  a.  Ms.  M.'  -Pi " -)  from  the  pulp  under  the  press ; 
Tosef.  ib.  I,  7  VtMWh  ed.  Zuck.  (Yar.  VttBK,  bAttr). 

"BE  pr.  n.  m.  Mammal.  Tosef.  Erub  IV  (III),  17  m 
*a  the  family  of  M.;  Y.  ib.  IV,  22a  ftttM  (corr.  ace.).— 
Yeb.  105a;  Y.  Bets.  I,  60b  top,  a.  fr.  *a  *0  N-X  (sa). 

s  -  .  -  1  ore.  v.  N?:-;. 

t     :     -  '  ri  • 

N  ^  r  U  II  pr.  n.  pi.  Mamla,  a  place  whose  inhabitants 
were  short-lived.  Gen.  R.  s.  59,  beg.;  Midr.  Sam.  ch.VIII; 
a.  e. ;  v.  "'SSttsa. 

3^02  m.  (V5a  II)  speech.  Targ.  Gen.  XI,  1.  Targ.  Ex. 
XXXIII,  11  (h.  text  S-CS);  a.  fr. 

!jCuG  m.  (b.  h.;  Ty'O'Z)  mixture,  mixed  drink.  Num. 
B.  s/lO  "pO  }-■'■  xbx  '"2  px  mimsakh  (Prov.  XXIU,  30) 
means  a  mixture  of  wine  with  wine. 

Sa22  pr.  n.  pi.  Mamtsi,  a  Palestinian  border  town 
(v.  Hildesh.  Beitr.,  p.  26).  Y.  Shebi.  VI,  36c  XPPQSO  'O; 
Tosef.  ib.  IV,  11  WCB"!  'a  (Var.  '251,  JVU-l);  Sifre  Deut. 
51  PiriS-i  "WJ;  Yalk.  Deut.  874  ttWl  BT8B. 

S"!£!2E  pr.  n.  pi.  Matntsia.  Y.  Succ.  IV,  54b  bot.,  v. 

WpOD,  STfUPOD,  v.  sub  'p^oa. 

pp?2"!2  m.  (ppr)  decay,  tcorm-eaten  material.  Sabb. 
IX,  6T(90a)  '=1  'aafl  Br*«J  'aa  Y.ed.,  Ms.  0.  a.  Ar.  (v.Babb. 
D.  S.  a.  1.  note  60;  ed.  ppa)  worm-eaten  sacred  books  and 
their  worm-eaten  bands. 

S"},22  I  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  m.  (or  pi.)  Mamre.  Gen.  R.  s. 
42,  end  (ref.  to  Gen.  XIV,  13)  'a  .  .  .  SOT.X  it  was  a  place 
called  M.;  'a  .  .  .  X"Q2  it  was  a  man  &c. — Men.  85a  name 
of  an  Egyptian  sorcerer,  v.  ^SrTP. 

S"]!2<2  II  m.  pha,  pna)  rebellious,  (n"n  "tt  35)  'a  -,pT 
an  elder  disregarding  the  decision  of  the  Supreme  Court. 
Snh.  XI,  1  (84b);  2  (86b).   Y.  Sabb.  I,  3d;  a.  e. 

'HSD  f.  Mamru,  name  of  a  plant.  Gitt.  69*,  v.  -r .— . 

Dla^JfTOD,  v.  ens^te, 

EwZSU  m.  Orra)  [someMinp  tangible,]  substance;  sub- 
stantial, real.  Ex.  R.  s.  14,  beg.  (ref.  to  W&*,  Ex.  X,  21) 
'"a  12  PPPiia  there  was  substance  in  the  darkness  (it  was 
thick).  Ab.Zar.67aT,OX  Ti;2-"  XOtOt  53  any  thing  the  taste 
of  which  (in  a  mixture)  as  well  as  its  substance  is  for- 
bidden. Ib.b  1*JH  MM  S5T  lara  a  mixture  in  which  there 
is  the  taste  of  a  forbidden  thing  whose  substance,  how- 
ever, is  not  visible,  is  forbidden.  Hull.l08a  Wttti  x'?l  tOWS 
Jtm-v-.-jn  X.rr3  that  a  forbidden  substance  should  ritu- 
allv  affect  a  mixture  in  which  is  left  a  taste  after  its 
removal,  is  in  all  cases  a  Biblical  rule.  Snh.  63b  ..pyiV1 
'21  '"2  12  pfltB  .  .  the  Israelites  knew  very  well  that  there 
is  no  reality  in  idols,  yet  they  worshipped  them  for  the 
sake  of  being  permitted  public  licentiousness.  B.  Kam. 
83b  '"2  pr,  v.  p-a.  Ib.  '"2  Pir-O  actual  putting  to  death. 
Snh.  64a,  v.  p2^;  a.  v.  fr.— Y.  Ber.  Ill,  6d  bot.  S^p  PH$«So 
its  substance  remains  (on  the  skin,  even  if  dried  up). 

lEE"^,  SEJEII3  ch.  same.  Targ.  Y.  II  Deut.  XXXII, 
17.— Sabb.  152b  bot.  '-2  n^2  rvw  Ms.  O.  a.  Ar.  (ed.  XOTra, 
v.  Rabb.  D.S.  a.l.  note  10)  that  there  is  substance  in  him 
(that  it  is  not  a  mere  apparition).  —  [-2"2  constr.  touch, 

v.  viaa.] 

'ytilZC,  TvMSD  parable,  v.  We. 

T.J     •  T     T    S      •  •*  TT 

TTTCIZTZ  f.  (b.  h.;  5S-QI)  rulership,  power.  Koh.  R. 




to  X,  4  '31  'a  *|b  nnxn  ^3  if  rulership  happens  to  be  thine, 
leave  not  thy  humility. — Gen.  R.  s.  53  'an . .  .  nbu5  that 
rulership  was  taken  from  them ;  a.  e. — [Gen.R.  s.  20,  read : 

snbisaa,  v.  baja.] 

mtutiya,  v.  r*s$#o. 

nCTZ,  v.  btnrap. 

D  liHQ/U  a  combination  of  each  first  letter  of  the 
words  "pblfii  bpri  X3a  x:a  divided  off  in  groups  of  three 
letters  each  (Dan.  V,  25).    Snh.  22a;  Cant.  R.  to  III,  4; 

v.  y-ibxx. 

U*$Z}1212,  "]nj!pF}DQ  m.  pi.  (b.h.;  prwo)  sweet  things. 
Mekh.  Yithro,  Amal.,  s.  1. 

mil2  (b.  h.)  /Vow,  of;  more  (or  less)  than.  Ab.  Zar.  18a 
lanT  Baffin  "ja  from  heaven  they  will  have  mercy  (on 
me),  i.  e.  I  trust  in  God.    Sabb.  21b  ■)'.'¥  UUJh  p  ytWVQft 

v.  Tin.— inman  "a,  v.  ins ;  nnaian  "pa,  v.  hrjano. — Tem. 

28a  '21  X^Sinb  nannn  "JO  'of  the  cattle'  (Lev.  1, 2)  intimates 
the  exclusion  of  &c;  a.  v.  fr.-Prefix  "»,  -^3j  "O,  "*«  q.v.— 
T?"?i  f^i  Tl?*1"?  (=b.  h.  "J^Saa,  v.  yx)  whence?,  whence  is 
it  proven? — Yoma  32a  '31  ttJan;i  'a  whence  is  derived  the 
regulation  about  five  immersions  &c?  lb.  Jlb^aii  VsttJ  'ai 
'31  and  whence  is  the  rule  dei'ived  that  each  immersion 
requires  &c?  lb.  44a  'a  .  .  .  xbx  ^  "pX  this  would  prove 
to  me  only  in  favor  of .  .  .,  whence  do  you  derive  that 
the  same  applies  to  .  .  .  ? ;  a.  v.  fr. 

"jE,  *pT2  ch.  same.  Targ.  Gen.  I,  2;  a.  v.  fr.— With  suf- 
fixes of  pers.  pron.  *VQ,  '"vo  from  me;  TjJa,  '*B  from  thee; 
m|ft  "nj  from  him,  it  &c.  lb.  XXII,  12.1b.  Ill,  3;— 
Y.  Ber.  II,  5a  bot.  pbo~i  'p  ",a  to  where  he  had  come  from. 
Sabb.  80b  n"^>  XI  rTfr**!  10  this  came  to  him  from  his  own 
doing.  Sot.  40a  fiS^a  "p;>  XpB3  ^xai  and  what  difference 
does  it  make?  '31  'CibpT^  n^Sai  "»IB  through  myself  and 
him  the  Most  High  is  exalted.  B.  Kam.  18a  hTrtb  Wxp 
ST^a  it  was  lost  through  its  (the  chicken's)  action  alone. 
Y.Peah  YII,20,)  XISl  mni  IrWTQ  (the  sweetness)  is  entirely 
its  own  (no  honey  has  been  added).  Snh.  39b,  v.  X2X; 
a.  fir.— «W  X3>13  XJ>,  M'Vutl  bs  X?  it  is  not  at  all  in  his 
power;  v.  xbi3. — "1  ',a  from  the  time  that,  after;  from  the 
fact  that;  when;  because.  Lam.  R.  to  II,  2  'j'ibsxi  )~o  after 
they  had  eaten ;  a.  v.  fr. ;  v.  "'m 

IlIZ  I  m.  (b.  h. ;  nja) portion,  food.  Num.  R.  s.  12  (play 
on  Tainx)  the  sun  '31  ',a  511X^3  n'^'pn  TllTttJ  whom  the 
Lord  has  created  to  weave  (ripen)  food  for  creatures ;  pXI 
'31  r,!"HB  X^X  "ja  man  means  fruits  and  food  (with  ref.  to 
"JOfl,  Dan.  I,  5).—  Esp.  ')a(ri)  the  manna  of  the  desert.  Ex. 
R.  s.  25.  Tanh.  B'shall.  20;  Mekh.  ib.,  Vayassa,  s.  2  "^31X 
'an  those  eating  manna  (not  troubling  themselves  about 
to-morrow).   Yoma75a;  a.  fr. 

"]/C  I,  S2E  ch.  same  (a  day's)  support.  Succ.  39b  '+02 
"a  for  as  much  only  as  is  needed  for  the  day.  Ib.  "'Xni 
'31  'a  that  man  means  support,  v.  preced. — Esp.  XSa  the 
manna.  Targ.  Ex.  XVI,  31.  Targ.  Y.  ib.  27;  a.  e.  (some 
ed.  x:a). 

y2,  *]Q  II  who?,  what?,  v.  -jxa.  Targ.  Gen.  XXIV,  23. 
lb.  XXXIII,  8  (ed.  Berl.  Xa;  oth.  ed.  'Xa);  a.  fr.  — Em- 
phatic. X5a  (X5a).  Targ.  Ps.  XXXIX,  5.  Targ.  Prov.  IV, 

*VG  III,  %*yE 1 1  thing,  vessel,  garment ;  coulter,  v.",xa. 
fcOD  I.  (fcOE  II)  who?,  what?,  v.  la  II. 

t    :      '  v      t    i-        '  ' 

&OQ  II  (apocop.  of  "jX  ")a  =  h.  "paa;  v.  ',2a)  whence?; 
whence' is  it  proven?  B.  Kam.  117a  '31  xOJpan  xna^n  'ai 
but  whence  will  you  prove  that  we  draw  no  analogy  from 
fines?  Ib.  44a  bot.  '31  'p'W  'ai  and  how  do  we  know  &c? 
Snh.  61b  <lb  X3^aX  'a  whence  (on  what  evidence)  do  1 
say  so?;  a.  fr.— ^a  "Wl  X3a,  "^a  iJrjStt,  v.  X^all.— 
1X3a.  Gen.  R.  s.  11,  v.  :m —  'b  X3a,  ",3)3  a  whence  do  toe 
have  this?,  hoiv  do  we  know?  Ber.  7a.  Meg.  2a  IftXtO  'a  '0 
'31  whence  do  we  derive  this? — Whence  we  derive  this? 
(you  ask,  as  if  it  were  a  law  requiring  an  intimation  in 
the  Biblical  text,  while  it  is  merely  a  measure  of  accom- 
modation,) as  we  were  going  to  explain  further  on.  Ib. 
20a;  a.  v.  fr. 

S-D,  (jjOC)  manna,  v.  'a  I. 

&CD  III,  (^feOlU)  pr.  n.  m.  Mana  {Mona),  name  of 
severalAmoraim.TY.  Sabb.  I,  2C  top.  Y.  Dem.  IV,  24a  top; 
Taan.  23b  ^Sa  — Y.  Ab.  Zar.  II,  42a  top ;— V.  Fr.M'bo, 
p.  114b,  sq. 

tX2TZ  IV  a  weight,  v.  nsa. 

"pSOQ,  Koh.  R.  to  VII,  7,  'a  yir,  read  with  Y.  Taan. 
IV,  68a:  "piSa,  v.  iis^a  ch. 

"1SDQ  whence?,  v.  xsall. 

7H2Z2,  v.  tasw. 

r  :    t  t: 

SD1332  m.  (XD)  lasher  at  court.  Yoma  15a;  541'  sq.; 
Zeb.  38a'(expl.  Cj^saS)  'VO  . .  ina  R.  Judah  showed  it  by 
imitating  the  movement  of  the  lasher,  v.  TTMX 

"pm  v.  '(iD5?a. 

mS^DQ,  v.  next  w. 

5^3532  m.  (v.  next  w.)  any  means  of  charming:  art, 
contrivance.  Tanh.  Lekh  15  (play  on  '$a,  Gen.  XIV,  20)  'a 
'31  tV'ypn  n'^y  (ed.  Bub.  ib.  19  nsxa,  corr.  ace.)  the  Lord 
made  a  charm...,  for  Abraham  took  dust,  &c.  Zeb.1161'  Ms. 
M. xjx^a ;  Yalk. Lev.  579  nsaa^'wa,  v.  x";a H.-P^. r^x:r.r:. 
Gen.TRT.  s.  43  '31  WITS'  'a  na3  (Ar.  ni*3aa)  how  many  arts 
did  I  not  contrive  to  bring  them  under  thy  power?;  Yalk. 
ib.  74  nWJfia  (corr.  ace). — Esth.  R.  end  (ref.  toPs.LXVJ. 
3)  '31  ~\hv  ni'SSDa  'irx  "pb^ni  na  (corr.  ace.)  how  fearful 
are  thy  contrivances  ;  those  to  be  slain  slay  their  slayers 
&c;  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  XXII  -|Vn  X^Sa;  Yalk.  Ex.  225; 
Yalk.  Ps.  790;  Pesik.  B'shall.,  p.  81a'n^553a. 

VlDiO/'C  m.  (y.a77ptvo*)  same,  i)  charm,  potion.  Gen. 

R.  s.  88Tip:n?  1?  WS  'a  (ed.  Wil.  yo&sa,  pi.)  they  prepared 


797  Mr»tt 

a  charm  for  him  to  choke  him. — 2)  art,  contrivance.  Ex. 
R.  s.  18  (play  on  TJ-aa,  Ps.  LXXVII,  7)  'Z'  JWBPtt  '"2  (ed. 
Wil.  ^>£.)  tby  contrivance  in  Egypt  (in  not  sending  the 
plague  of  the  first-born  at  once).  lb.  '21  'a  3TT>  "T3  (ed. 
Wil.  "333,  corr.  ace.)  who  understands  thy  contrivances 
at  the  Red  8ea  (when  those  who  had  drowned  the  Is- 
raelitish  children,  were  drowned)?  Tanh.  B'har  2  ~Z'~ 
,_.  -•_.„  «g  -;x  (not  ^..^  j  -will  reverse  my  plans  and  make 
him  (the  poor)  rich  &c.  Y'lamd.  to  Deut.  VII,  12,  quot. 
in  Ar.  'B  rts  ~"3~ii  "n  the  Lord  turned  the  plan  (of 
drowning  the  Israelites)  against  him  (v.  supra). — 3)  me- 
chanic contrivance,  machine.  Lev.  R.  s.  20,  beg.  fpn  xb 
lVflJ  <-  -.-.-  Ar.(ed.van33)  he  did  not  know  tbe  mechanism 
(of  the  throne  of  Solomon);  Pesik.  Ahare,  p.  168a  SiTM 
•'--  7-3:-  (corr. ace);  Tanh.  Vaethh.  1  "p3333  (corr.  ace). — 
Talk.  Esth.  1046;  Targ.  II  Esth.  I,  2  *T33  by  machinery  (in 
the  throne  of  Solomon). — PI.  ""333a,  rri»3U  lb.  Yalk.  I.e. 
"y~'Z  r*:;:.  "n  the  machinery  burst;  a.  fr.  (v. supra). — 
x*:?:-;,  ri-'assa,  v.  preced. 

HmZ-^  f.  (Ezra  IV,  13;  =fiia;  cmp.  313a  a.  Sia)  Jand- 
fflar.  Estb.  R.  introd.;  Gen.  R.s.  64,  v.  Mia;  Ned.  62b;  B. 
Bath.  8a  "bail  raa  IT  'a  mindah  is  the  king's  share  (of 
the  crops). 

ffiD,  "-  "ISS  pr.  n.  pi.  XYar  Mandu  (Kafr  Menda, 
north  of  Sepphoris;  v.  Sm.  Bible  Diet.  s.  v.  Madon,  a. 
Fischer  a.  Guthe  Map  of  Palestine).  Pesik.  Shub.,  p.l63b; 
Yalk.  Job  906 ;  Gen.  R.  s.  52  a.  Lev.  R.  s.  1  ed.  Wil.  ":a.— 
[Tosef.  Yeb.  X,  3  Tea  l£3  ed.  Zuck.,  Var.  "pl3a.] 

'^wE,  v.  preced. 
"jtf">«,  v.  p*tt. 

"j"*3Q,  v.  nag. 

""— SIDE,  v.  -my^. 

$^2*2,  S^M^S  m.  (=~ia;  cmp.iiiaa)  knowledge,  wis- 
dom. Targ.  Y.  Deut.  I,  13  'a  "na  possessors  of  knowledge 
(0.,  v.  3la).  Targ.  Job  XXXTII,  3 ;  a.  fr. 

ST^^D  f.  same.   Targ.  Koh.  IX,  11. 

D-H^D,  V.  HS'TQ. 

JSP3?N^G  f.  (v.  preced.  wds.)  sentiment,  disposition.— 
PL  xrr'-:-2  (cmp.  nan).  Targ.  Job  XXXVI,  4  (some  ed. 
sing.;  Ms.  X3i3a;  h.  text  rvon). 

fcC'llDD,  Y.  Naz.  I,  51a  bor.,  read:  K31T33. 

I  imlZ  m.  (b.h.,  from  which,  mina;  fi3a)  [one  hun- 
dred,] Maneh,  a  weight  in  gold  or  silver,  equal  to  one 
hundred  common  or  fifty  sacred  shekels  (v.  Zuckerm. 
Talm.  Miinz.  p.  7,  sq.).  Bekh.  5a  rrft  blS3  OTp  fan  'a  the 
sacred  Maneh  was  double  the  weight  of  the  common, 
lb.  VIII,  7  TBI  '-23  taking  the  Tyrian  Jtf.  as  a  standard, 
lb.  49    ■'"YCJ  Vi"  'a  .  . .  i-ns  '33  'the  Tyrian  M.'  .  .  .  means 

the  standard  of  the  Tyrian  system  (one  8ela  =  4  Zuz, 
Rashi).  Keth.  I,  2  'a  (13133X1  D^rxa  .  .  .  fibTO  the  widow- 
hood of  a  maiden  is  two  hundred  (Zuz),  and  that  of  a 
widow  (remarried) is  one  hundred  (Zuz,  a  common  Shekel). 
B.  Kam.  90b  '{:r  (1313  'a  IX  ",3n  "nis  *tj  does  the  Mishnah 
(VIII,  6)  mean  a  Tyrian  or  a  country  Maneh  (twelve  and  a 
half  Zuz)?  Shebu.  VI,  1  fTn  "^  'a  thou  owest  me  one  hun- 
dred denars.  8nh.  VIII,  2  1T33  'a  meat  of  the  weight  of  a 
Maneh.  Shebi.  I,  2  TH>SpnW3  'a  B^aiO  the  weight  of  sixty 
M.  in  the  Italian  system.  Ker.  6a;  a.  fr. —  Erub.  85b  bot. 
'a  fixa  p5  =*3a  133  make  room  for  one  worth  one  hun- 
dred M.  (in  gold).— Trnsf.  CIS  p  'a  a  Maneh  son  of  a  P'ras 
(half  a  Maneh),  i.  e.  a  distinguished  son  of  a  less  dis- 
tinguished father.  Taan.  21b.  —  PL  tftm,  "p33.  Y.  Shek. 
VI,  49c  bot.  'a  . . .  C]bx  the  weight  of  fifteen  hundred  M. 
Ker.  1.  c. ;  a.  e.  —  Chald.  form:  "W.  Targ.  Ez.  XLV,  12 
(Kimhi  X33).—  PI.  fia,  Btta,  £0,  'Itt^,  ""BO.  lb.  Targ. 
Is.  VII,  23.  Targ.  I  Kings  X,  17  ;a.  e.— Esth.R.  to  VI,  10: 
Lev.  R.  s.  28.— Sabb.  133b  X31D  'a  333  (not  ''WB,  v.  Rabb. 
D.  S.  a.  1.  note  90)  fat  weighing  seven  M.  (Rashi:  seven 
portions  of  fat).  Y.  B.  Kam.  IX,  6d  bot.  [read  as  Tosaf: 
to  Bab.  ib.  100b:)  '31  "paab  'a  'Ml  11335  tpQ  T3a!l  wool 
worth  five  M.,  dyeing  material  worth  five,  and  ten  M. 
wages.   Y.  Meg.  TV,  74d  bot.  ""SB  (corr.  ace);  a.  e. 

i  i- -  I  f.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  share,  portic 
'a  1332  'a  TPpllL"  you  must  weigh  one  nie< 

ion.  Bekh.  V,  1 
■pppltt!  you  must  weigh  one  piece  (of  the  meat 
of  the  first-born)  against  another  piece  (of  secular  meat 
of  ascertained  weight).  Gitt.  59b,  a.  e.  "jHEXl  TOP  'a  'a  bla^b 
that  he  (the  priest)  have  the  privilege  of  first  choice 
(when  a  division  is  made).  Sifre  Deut.  53;  Yalk.  ib.  875 
ns"1  'a  the  best  portion  (at  the  meal).  Yalk.  Num.  765, 
end  '=1  'a  laxsb  TVUtt)  "ib^  a  king  who  selected  a  portion 
for  himself,  and  another  came  and  spoke  disparagingly 
of  it;  a.  fr.— PL  ni3a.  Sabb.  149a;  Tosef.  ib. XVII  (XVIH), 
5.  Ib.  4  irTrriaa  b?  pD-sa  cast  lots  for  their  portions  (at 
the  table);  a.  e. — V.  nan. 

nr  -  II  to  count,  v.  -: -. 

T     T 

^"2^  m.  (b.  h.;  ar<a)  conduct,  manner,  usage.  B.Mets. 
VII,  1  'ns^lail  ansa  the  usage  of  the  country.  Tosef. 
ib.  VII,  13  XT^aJ  "cblii  'a  the  usage  among  members 
of  a  caravan:  ib.  14  "pEDtl  'a  the  usage  of  shippers  (in 
cases  of  jetsam).  Y.  Pes.  IV,  30d  top  'a  !3^X  this  is  no 
religious  usage  (deserving  recognition) ;  'a  it  is  &c.  Hull. 
131'  'pr^ftl  ■jfrmsx  'a  xbx  . . .  tftO  the  gentiles  outside 
of  Palestine  are  not  to  be  considered  as  idolaters,  they 
only  continue  the  usages  of  their  ancestors.  Ab.  Zar.  54b 
3*113  iati3a=  aViS  the  world  (nature)  follows  its  laws.  Pesik. 
Ahare.'p.  168a,  v.  pB|3B :  a.  fr.— PL  D^tisa.  Lev.  R.  s.  20, 
beg.  l^aii^a  its  arrangements,  v.  "jiaasa. 

S^HZIQ  ch.  same.  Targ.  Ruth  IV,  7:  a.  e.— Snh. 
46b  xa'?33  'a  a  mere  usage  (is  incidentally  recorded  in 
the  Bible,  not  meant  as  a  law).  Ib.  'aa  "aniab  xbl  in 
order  not  to  depart  from  the  common  custom;  lSmE"1?! 
'aa  intimating  that  they  will  be  treated  differently  from 
the  common  usage  (as  a  disgrace).  Nidd.  66a  "jb  N3">-X 
'a  niax  nxi  XllCX  I  speak  of  a  legal  prohibition,  and 





you  quote  a  usage;  Yeb.  13b;  a.  e.  —  [Y.  Ber.  V,  9a  15.naa 

rvwao,  v.  "an. 

"'CirGQ  f.  (ana)  roaring.  Yalk.  Ps.  864,  v.  *Jf«$9. 

JTTDQ  m.  (an2)  feader,  director.  Gen.  R.  s.  39,  beg.; 
a.  e.  *»  x'aa  mn  dVCttTO  laxn  is  it  possible  that  this  world 
has  no  leader?  —  B.  Bath.  91a  sq.  '31  irnaa  13.&W}  ..  .■*» 
woe  to  the  world  (humanity)  whose  leader  is  gone,  woe 
to  the  ship  whose  captain  is  gone  I;  a.  e.  —  PI.  tfVPnaa. 
Gen.  R.  s.  24  Va^naal  "VH1  "ill  generation  after  generation 
and  their  several  leaders,  lb.  s.  12  "ifraviaai  )ii  X"Q  crea- 
ted them  (the  heavens)  and  their  directing  agencies,  v. 

Nana.— v.  ana. 

t     :-  -t 

^SPIDD  =  ^sr  xaa,  v.  saa  n. 

fctirij^  m.  (nna  I)  [light- giver,]  morning  star.  Y. 
Yoma  III,  beg.  40b;  Y.  R.  Hash.  II,  beg.  57d,  v.  p?3l. 

iSmnn^LJ  f.  (preced.)  fine  appearance,  display  of 
dignity.  Ned.  38b  yras  'xb  . . .  ftW  Ar.  (v.  Asheri  a.  1.; 
ed.  xm-inaab ;  Var.  in  R.  Nissim  KnnpSab)  slaves  are 
mainly  used  for  display  (and  need  no  fattening  food). 

1tH2  (=  in  19)  who  is  he?,  who  is  it?  Snh.  14a  *tm 
'31  f&T  *1  'ai  ITnsWl  and  one  with  him,  and  who  is  the 
one?  R.  J.  &c. ;  a.  iv.—Fem.  *$a  (=  ■*!  ")?).  Sabb.  140b  &6 
'a  K5X  13a  "pTOVi  do  not  call,  Who  is  he?  (at  the  door) 
but  'Who  is  she?'  —  Esp.  ^3  a  f«h)  (ellipt.  for  ^n  "Jtfl  Wi) 
ivhose  opinion  is  this?  Hull.  15b  '31  '"i  xb  'a  whose  opinion 
is  it  (you  represent)  ?  This  is  neither  Rabbi's  nor  &c.  Succ. 
3a  '21  T25"n  'a  -£>  laNI  Ms.  M.  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  he 
who  said  this  to  thee, — do  you  know  whose  opinion  he 
represents?  Beth  Shammai's  &c;  a.  fr. —  [B.  Bath.  91a 
13a,  v.  next  w.] 

NPn3"^>  ^rP^E  m.  (comp.  of  "pa  a.  VtVA) 
manager  of  the  house,  executor.  B.  Bath.  9la  (prov.)  is 
rm^aisa  Ka^p  . . .  vbi  Ms.  M.  (ed.  'n  isa  xa^p,  v.  Rabb. 
D.  S.a.l.  note)  before  the  dying  man  is  dead,  his  executor 
stands  (ready  to  assume  the  administration). 

11212  m.  (b.  h.;  in)  shaking;  ttSjh  *ti3a  shaking  of  the 
head,  ready  assent,  submission.  Sabb.  104a  (ref.  to  the 
shapes  of  certain  letters,  v.  C]S3)  'Vaa  nmnn  n3n^3lU  (Ar. 
only  'as)  the  Law  has  been  given  under  repeated  signs 
of  assent. 

pbllDD,  v.  blisa  H  a.  T^Vjaa. 

SiTlTl-lDQ  f.  (bl!3 1)  nasty,  muddy.  Taan.  6b,  v.  rata. 

an™,  v. «™. 

T      T  :       -  T !   T 

N "3D  I  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  m.  Manoah,  1)  the  father  of  Sam- 
son. Ber.  61a.  Num.  R.  s.  10.  B.  Bath.  91a;  a.  fr.— 2)  M., 
father  of  R.  Huna.   Taan.  9a. 

niDD  II  m.  (b.h.;  tVO)  rest.  Sabb.  152b  'a  *,nb  ffli  (Ms. 
M.  nnaa)  find  rest.  Lam.  R.  to  I,  3  '3i  'a  nxxa  ib^St  if 

she  (Judah)  had  found  rest  (among  the  nations), she  would 
not  have  returned  (to  the  Lord) ;  a.  e. 

nrPDQ  f.  (b.  h.) ;  same.  Num.  R.  s.  10  n&Op3  nxi33n 
'a  inspiration  is  called  resting  (ref.  to  Jer.  LI,  59,  a.  Is. 

XI,  2).  Ber.  64a  'a  anb  "px  n"n  scholars  are  never  at  rest 
(constantly  progressing).  Ex.  R.  s.  1  'a  Dnb  yWB  nsd 
he  saw  that  they  had  no  recreation  from  labor;  a.  fr. — 
Esp.  the  seat  of  the  central  sanctuary  (with  ref.  to  Deut. 

XII,  9).   Tosef.  Zeb.  XIII,  20;  Zeb.  119a,  sq. 


OiDQ"DQ,  v.  cisaisia. 

T  T 

1121212,  v.  iw. 

t         :  "T 

\\212  m.  (b.h.;  naa;  sub. ^N)  manager,  executor.  Gen. 
R.  s.  22T(ref.  to  Prov".  XXIX,  21)  nivfc  1S1& . .  .pasa'U  ">a  *>3 
'31  ff?S  'a  if  one  indulges  his  passion  in  his  youth,  it 
will  be  his  ruler  in  his  old  days;  (Yalk.  Prov.  962  nnia, 
some  ed.  bffila;  ib.  961  pnia).  Succ.  52b,  v.  n"3,-Ji<.— [Cant. 
R.  to  II,  1  1T13S  113a,  a  corrupt  gloss,  perhaps  for  'p">S 
T'aitf,  a  reference  to  Ex.  R.  s.  23.] 

&01273  m.  (v.  fctsa;  "aa)  the  ordinary  daily  food.  Targ. 
Y.  II  Deut.  VIII,  3  (h.  text  urb). 

^21212,  v.  ^a/aia. 

&1212  m.  (b.  h.;  013)  refuge.  Ex.  R.  s.  1  nUJab  'a  ',na 
'31  suffered  Moses  to  take  refuge  with  an  idolater.  Yalk. 
Job  906;  Yalk.  Jud.  41,  v.  yft  ;  a.  e. 

HOIDD  f.  same.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  LXVIII  'a  on?  TW 

t  :  .  ' 

3^03  '^Ti<  have  no  resort  to  which  to  flee. 

i  ~I")3/Q  f.  (b.  h.;  113)  candlestick,  lamp.  Pesik.  Ekhah, 
p.  123Ta,  a.'e.,  v.  nS3.  Gen.  R.  s.  20  '31  iai  ant  £jp  'a  a 
golden  candlestick  with  an  earthen  lamp  on  top  (typical 
of  a  noble  woman  married  to  an  ignoble  husband);  a. 
fr. — Esp.  the  candlestick  in  the  Sanctuary.  Num.  R.  s.  15. 
Men.  29a.  Tam.  Ill,  9;  Yoma  21a,  v.  ",1tt5^;  a.  fr.— PI. 
ni-iiaa.    Men.  1.  c. 


XP1212,  v.  ansa. 

tt    :     -  t:   t 

S37J3D,  read:  fc»1»a. 

t   :  •  ;  - 

MnWD,  'n"J3Q  (a  feigned  denom.  of  »T*B,  with 
suffix  of  first  person)  1  will  be  a  Nazih  (substitute  of 
Nazir),  v.  next  w. 

fcOp^DQ,  p}2!2  (v.  preced.)  1  will  be  a  Nazih  (sub- 
stitute for  Nazir").  'Y.  Naz.  I,  beg.  51a  [read:]  ftp*  "p^n 
xan^lESa  xan^aa  '^...yr*fro  ""la-a  what  are  the  substitutes 
of  substitutes?  ...  I  will  be  a  Nazik,  a  Nazih  &c.    Ib. 

wwiaa  naixn  i^x  "par*  u;aa  f**&i3  •piw'z  iwo*a  ibx  "pa 
jo-maa  iaiN3  xan^sa  xan^taa  laixn  "53  im  na^s  xa-j 

these  are  not  substitutes  of  substitutes ;  these  are  direct 
substitutes.  If  one  said  manzirna  (I  will  be  a  Nazir),  is 
he  not  a  Nazir?    So  he  who  says  &c.  (turning  the  sub- 




stitute  nouns  into  verbs)  must  be  considered  as  if  he  had 
said  manzirna.  Ned.  10b[read:]  X3nTsa  X3r,73a  Sep"". 

N""!^)  Xj"">J2Q  (v.  preced.)  I  will  be  a  Nazir.  Y. 
Naz.  I,  beg.  51a  (not  '""-),  v.  preced. 

TCP  m.  ch.  =  h.  niaa,  l)  rest,  relief.  Targ.  0.  Gen. 
VIII.V  Targ.  Deut.  XXVIII,  65  (Y.  some  ed.  nw).  Targ. 
Ps.  CXVI,  7  WTO  (Ms.  'm,  Kegia  'ni3).— 2)  going  to  rest, 
decline  (v.  next  w.).    Targ.  Gen.  Ill,  8  BOY1  rTO  (h.  text 

nniiD  f.  (b.  h.;  ni3;  cmp.  nn_3)  1)  [to'd  rfotcn,]  o/fer- 
i>^,  present. — PI-  tvttrrq.  Num.  R.  s.  13  ix-cn  nab'rbti; 
'="  'a  maixn  as  the  nations  brought  gifts  to  Solomon  &c: 
a.  e. — Esp.  (in  ritual)  meal-offering .  Men.  I,  1  XOin  ntWO 
th#  sinner's  meal-offering  (Lev.  V,  11).  lb.  X,  6  (68b)  MTO 
~ -H2  the  meal-offering  connected  with  animal  offering 
(e.  g.  Lev.  VII,  13).  lb.  XII,  3  '31  'a  ibs  *nn  I  vow  a 
minhah  of  barley;  a.  v.  fr. — PI.  as  ab.  lb.  I,  1 ;  a.  fr. — 
M'nahoth,  name  of  a  treatise  of  the  Misbnah,  Tosefta, 
and  Talmud  Babli  of  the  Order  of  Kodashim. — 2)  (cmp. 
preced.  2)  [decline,']  afternoon  (corresp.  to  b.  h.  0*3"isn"p3); 
•nfi  t'izt  (or  WTO)  afternoon-prayer,  Minhah.  Ber.  IV,  1 
(26a)  :VWl  -G  'ah  rbsn  the  Minhah  may  be  read  until 
sunset ;  ib.  26b  '3i  D*n"Oti  "pa  Va  *ran  "mro  . .  'an  nbsn 
the  Minhah  may  be  read  &c,  because  the  daily  sacrifice 
of  the  afternoon  could  be  offered  until  sunset.  Ib.  aba  "IS 
'ar.  up  to  the  middle  of  the  afternoon.  Ib.  nbvia  'a  ('a 
Nap)  the  large  (first)  afternoon,  i.  e.  the  time  from  six 
and  a  half  hours  after  sunrise  to  sunset  (the  day  being 
divided  into  twelve  hours) ;  rr.-^p  'a  (n3l"inx  'a)  the  smaller 
(later)  afternoon,  i.  e.  from  nine  and  a  half  hours  to  sun- 
set. Ib.  rttrlnto  'a  abs  the  middle  of  the  late  (small)  after- 
noon. Ib.  top  'a  bbsrn  x'r  nr3  if  by  mistake  he  failed 
to  read  the  Minhah ;  a.  fr. 

UnjLJ  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  m.  Menahem,  1)  King  of  Israel. 
Yalk.  Kings  236  (from  Seder  c01am).  —  2)  name  of  tbe 
Messiah  to  come.  Snh.  98b.  Y.  Ber.  Ill,  5a  top;  Lam.  R. 
to  I,  16;  Pirke  d'R.  El.  ch.  XIX  C^OV  p  bx"i33>  p  'a.— 
If.,  associate  judge  of  Hillel.  Hag.  II,  2.  Ib.  161'  XS"1 
~;ar.  tfTOSO  'a  M.  resigned  from  the  judgeship  to  enter 
the  King's  (Herod's)  service.— 4)  M.  bar  Simai,  surnamed 
'the  son  of  saints'.   Pes.  104a;  Ab.  Zar.  50a;  (Y.  ib.  HI,  42c 

,  top  O'MDMJJ  Wl'lp  "&nX  Dim). — 5)  name  of  several  scholars. 
f.  Maasr.  V,  end,  52a  M.  bar  Mabsima.— Y.  Erub.  VII,  24c 
top.— Tosef.  ib.  XI  (VIII),  10  X^ba  Wt  'a  (Keth.  60*  0*0). 
Tosef.  Shebu.  I,  7  It  03  ETX  'a,  v.  1T35.— Tosef.  Keth.V,  1 ; 

'T  a.  fr. 

NnTTOQ,  v.  xrwro. 

tL'nDQ  m.  (b.  h.  *ans)  diviner,  v.  tiro. 

'CTjyQ,  SCH2E  ch.  same.  Targ.  0.  Deut.  XVIII, 
10.—  PL  "POTTO'  i<;'l;~:a.    Targ.  Y.  Lev.  XXVI,  30;  a.  e. 

SrTCQ,  rpZ2  f.  ch.=h.  fiTOO,  1)  offering;  meal  of- 
fering. Targ.  Lev.  II,  1 ;  a.  fr. — PI.  XHIrTO.  Targ.  O.  Num. 
XVHI,  9  ed.  Berl.  (ed.  'rn:a).  — 2)  afternoon,  afternoon 

prayer,  Minhah.  Targ.  I  Kings  XVTH,  29.— Y.  Pes.  V,  30'1 
top.— Sot.  39b  masm  'an  in  the  Minhah  of  the  fast-day. 
— PI.  xnnaa.  R.  Hash.  31a  xnoiXH  'an  in  the  Minhah  of 
Sabbath  days;  a.  e. 

|">HtadJAJ  f.  (correct  '"^aa,  mantela,  jiavnfjXiov,  of 
Semitic  origin,  v.  b^oa  H)  napkin,  handkerchief.  Y.  Ber. 
Ill,  6d  bot.  '31  'ax  pp-H  quot.  in  Asheri  to  Ber.  24b  (ed. 
pbaSFtt,  Rashba  yV^Cl  OX,  Var.  "pbaxs  OX,  corr.  ace,  and 
read:  inla  for  "IIDX)  who  spits  into  his  handkerchief. — PI. 
same.  Gen.  R.  s.  5 ;  s.  28  *pbl13a31,  *pbl3a31  (corr.  ace.), 
v.  bttsa  II. 

"fiSM  '"^  m-  (">-?)  i)  (infin.  of  -13:)  'a?  -noai  the 
charge' of.  Targ.  Y.  Num.  HI,  36  (0.  "b  iB^ob  "POan  ed. 
Berl.,  oth.  ed.  laab). — 2)  [guard,]  border,  edge  of  a  cloak 
(corresp.  to  Lat.  clavus).  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XXVIII,  31 ;  34.— 
Trnsf.  (like  clavus)  tunic.  Targ.  I  Chr.  XV,  27. 

■jna"ITJ3E,  v.  toyaq. 

'3/2)  U  J  jSS  pr.  n.  Land  of  Minni  (supposed  to  be 
Minyas  in  Armenia).  Targ.  Ps.  XL V,  9 ;  (Targ.  Jer.  LI, 
27  "a^a-wi). 

*32  pr.  n.  m.,  v.  X3a. 

n|E,  v.  BO. 

"0/Q  a  weight,  v.  riaa. 

jS)  /  \212  (b.  h.)  to  divide,  distribute;  to  count.  Bekh 
IX,  7  '31  IRK  0309  naial  (Bab.  ed.  58b  'X  "p3iai)  and  he 
counts  with  the  rod,  one,  two  &c.   Ib.  "psim  DX3a  if  he 

'  tt  : 

counted  them  while  they  were  crouching.  Shebu.  34a  bot. 
'3i  -p  yrm  naa  (not  rprraa,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  I 
counted  (delivered)  to  thee  a  Maneh  (as  a  loan)  in  the 
presence  &c. ;  ib.b  R.  Hash.  12a  '31  bl3ab  "paia  bxnur  "WWl 
the  Jewish  scholars  count  the  dates  of  the  flood  in  ac- 
cordance with  R.  El.  (beginning  the  year  with  Tishri), 
and  the  astronomical  calendar  in  accordance  with  R.  J. 
(beginning  with  Nisan).  Pesik.  R.  s.  15,  beg.  n:nbb  TWO  "pX 
'31  we  count  by  the  moon  (fix  the  date  of  the  new  month) 
only  when  seen  after  sunset.  Succ.  29a,  a.  fr.  naobb  "paia 
regulate  the  seasons  by  the  moon  (have  a  lunar  year). 
Men.  65b,  a.  e.  '31  D"^"1  Mao  count  the  required  number 
of  days  and  proclaim  (one  day  as)  the  New  Moon  Day. 
YomaV,  3;  a.  fr. — Part.  pass,  "sna;  f.  fTWa;  pi.  0^*33, 
T«0a,  *p«a;  ni-«iaa  a)  counted.  Taan.  8b  'an  131  that 
which  has  been  counted  (is  known  by  number).  Bekh. 
IX,  7  'an  "(a  inx  one  of  the  sheep  already  counted. — 
b)  classified;  (pi.)  class.  Hag.  17b  mss  qx  T^Eab  i3nn  na 
TirOoh  (moB  =  '3?  b©  TOO)  as  the  New  Moon  festival 
belongs  to  its  class  (of  days),  so  does  the  Pentecost  (which 
is  determined  by  counting  weeks)  belong  to  its  class  (of 
weeks),  i.  e.  the  pilgrim's  sacrifice  (nvar:)  may  be  offered 
during  the  entire  eighth  week  from  Passover;  R.  Hash. 
5a  1^-ab. — c)  (v.  Nif.)  entered  for  a  share  in  the  sacrifice. 
Zeb.  V,  8  VTO&  xbx  b3X3  XM  can  be  partaken  of  only 
by  those  registered  for  it.  Pes.V,3  (61a)  vbsixb  Kbo  XJTflE 
V«i3ab  xb'-"1  (Bab.  ed.  1^13ab)  if  while  slaughtering  he  had 





in  mind  such  as  were  unable  to  partake  of  it  (sick  per- 
sons &c.)  or  such  as  had  not  been  registered  for  it.  lb. 
6ia  hot.  "piisab  "pboiK  irprvK  (Ms.  M.  i^isab  vioix)  the 
partakers  (to  be  held  in  mind)  are  analogous  to  the  reg- 
istered, lb.  70a  rTO&.V.  .  •  M^N  Ms.  M.  (ed.  incorr.  V^'OO^, 
V"13ab)  it  (the  pilgrim's  sacrifice)  can  only  be  partaken  of 
by  those  registered  for  it;  a.  fr. 

Nif.  njas,  '*>3  1)  to  be  counted.  Num.  R.  s.  1  b"»»6S  ^ 
"pHaS  Stbl  are  neither  numbered  nor  measured.  Bets.  3  , 
a.  e.  nisE^  1311*0  nx,  v.  nx.  Gitt.  V,  6  Wfi  (usu.  isas 
1*1251)  they  (their  votes)  were  counted,  they  resolved,  v. 
lea  II ;  a.  fr. — 2)  to  be  counted  on  for  a  share  in  the  Pass- 
over lamb,  to  be  registered  (Ex.  XII,  4).  Pes.VIII,  3  dbl3& 
'31  1*v>3*  y,50",3  persons  may  continually  be  entered  for  a 
share  in  it,  as  long  as  there  remains  for  each  &c.  lb.  "pa"0 
'21  "("OTCroi  they  may  be  entered  and  withdraw  again.  lb. 
89a  ni3H*>b  VdX  but  as  for  registering  (additional  names). 
Tosef.  ib.VH,  7  '31  nisanbl  -(IDsnb  12£1  (ed.  Zuck.  incorr.) 
if  some  of  them  wish  to  withdraw  and  have  others  enter- 
ed on  their  share  &c. ;  a.  fr. — 3)  to  be  specified.  Y.  Taan. 

IV,  68b  (ref.  to  Mish.  IV,  5)  ni3a*>nb nxi  na  what 

reason  was  there  for  that  specification  of  the  time  when 
each  family  of  priests  and  the  people  had  to  offer  wood?; 
Y.  Shek.  IV,  beg.  47d;  Y.  Meg.  I,  70c  top. 

Hif.  nsan,  'Vi  to  cause  to  be  entered;  to  add  to  the 
number  of  sharers;  to  transmit  one's  share  to  another 
person.  Y.  Pes.VIII,  36a  top  dsn  b>3>  mix  'in  he  gave  him  a 
share  gratuitously.  Tosef.  ib.  1.  c.  nisanb  im«J  rTTfilh  "b3 
'31  (ed.  Zuck.  nisaVj)  members  of  a  party  who  desire  to  give 
others  a  share  in  their  own  portion.  Ib.  diinx  nsaan 
Ipbn  b>3*  (ed.  Zuck.  indB)  he  who  assigns  to  others  a  share 
in  his  portion  ;  a.  fr. 

Hof.  nsain  to  be  added  to  the  number;  to  be  entered 
as  a  member  of  a  group  or  of  a  family.  Tosef.  ib.  3  'n 
dna  inx  b3?  if  he  (the  orphau)  has  been  entered  as  his 
guest  by  one  of  the  guardians.  Ib.  6  '21  soaintt"  iTTOn  i3d 
ed.  Zuck.  (oth.  ed.  13a3UJ)  members  of  a  group  who  have 
been  entered  (in  a  body)  in  addition  to  the  original  par- 
ticipants; a.  e. 

Pi.  nja,  '-a  to  appoint,  elect  Gitt.  V,  4  fmm  )fb  *?Ot 
'31  for  whom  their  father  had  appointed  an  executor. 
lb.  '31  idX  ttlratt  whom  the  father  ...  has  appointed. 
Taan.  10b  '31  inisab  IIXHU  1*3  who  is  worthy  to  be  elected 
manager  &c;  a.  fr. — Part.  pass.  n*.iaa;  pi.  VWOO.  Sot. 
42a  'aa  "pd  nab  for  what  purpose  is  a  deputy  high  priest 
appointed  ?;  Yoma  39a  I3ia*»a  ed.  (corr.  ace. ;  v.  Rabb.  D.  S. 
a.  1.  note);  a.  fr.— Hor.  13b  '31  d315  d^3iaa  dnidXID  Ms.  M. 
(ed.  diTQK  'aava,  =  d^Siaan  *,a)  whose  father  is  of  those 
worthy  to  be  elected  manager  (v.  Taan.  1.  c). — V.  fl^aa.— 
Esp.  to  ordain  as  teacher  and  judge.  Y.  Snh.  1, 19a  bot. 
'31  X^IE  'laiZJ  1"d  a  court  that  ordained  without  the  con- 
sent of  the  Nasi.  Ib.  '31  n?aa  inx  ^3  li'fi  each  teacher 
used  to  ordain  his  own  pupils;  a.  fr. 

Hithpa.  nsarn,  Nithpa.  nsero  1)  to  be  appointed,  des- 
ignated as  deputy,  to  be  ordained.  Sifra  Ahare  Par.  5, 
ch.  VIII  fisanan  inx  p3  nidlb  to  imply  the  other  priest 
that  is  designated  as  a  deputy.  Y.  Bice.  Ill,  65d  top  33*1 
'31  *3Tfl  when  a  scholar  is  ordained,  his  sins  are  forgiven. 
Ib.  '31  t]033  'ana  xino  W  (not  i3ana)  before  him  who 

has  been  ordained  for  money,  we  must  not  stand  up,  nor 
do  we  call  him  rabbi,  and  the  cloak  upon  him  is  like 
the  cover  of  ass.  Yoma  22b.  Y.  Shek.  V,  48d  bot.  *W3 
'31  'plana  dnxir  dnx  . . . .  fc&'WJ  ni  dX  if  this  one  ap- 
pointed superintendent  of  wicks,  was  privileged  to  be 
counted  among  the  great  of  the  generation,  how  much 
more  youwho  are  to  be  appointed  over  the  preservation  of 
lives  (as  directors  of  charities).  R.  Hash.  II,  9  (25a)  sisarCIB 
'31  *>3>  Y'2  Ms.  0.  (ed.  lla3>!2J,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  90) 
who  have  been  ordained  as  a  court  for  all  Israel;  a.  fr. — 
2)  (of  things)  to  be  assigned.  Tosef.  Sot.  VII,  20  n*ans 
'31  nd3*lS  dlxb  if  a  livelihood  has  been  assigned  to  a  man 
(by  Providence,  i.  e.  if  he  has  succeeded  in  establishing  a 
livelihood),  he  must  buy  a  house ;  '31  npi  lb  '3  Tin  (v.  ed. 
Zuckerm.  note)  if  more  has  been  provided  for  him,  he 
must  buy  a  field  .  .  .  and  then  marry  a  wife. 

"0Q,  SDQ  ch.  same  1)  to  count.  Targ.  Ps.LXXVIII,9 
X3Pp(S)  13a  (ed.  Lag.  "O^a,  corr.  ace.)  they  calculated  the 
term  (of  redemption).  Targ.  Num.  1,44;  49;  a.  fr. — Men. 
66a  '31  iai*i  "Oa^  to  count  the  days  .  .  .  and  the  weeks 
(of  the  cOmer).  Ib.  '31  lai*-  13a  ..  .  *,3d"i  Ms.  M.  (ed.  "0a) 
the  scholars  of  .  .  .  counted  the  days  but  not  the  weeks. 
Hull.  60b  '31  *p  *i3a">l=  the  Israelites  shall  count  days  and 
years  after  thee  (the  moon);  a.  fr. — [Yalk.  Is.  337  *pi3al, 
v.  5ia.] — 2)  to  appoint,  v.  infra. 

Pa.  ""Sa  1)  to  appoint,  ordain.  Targ.  0.  Gen.  XLI,  33,  sq. 
(Y.  Pe.);  a.  fr.— Y.  Bice.  Ill,  65c  bot.  mni*aa  J*n*fl3  *,1in 
they  wanted  to  ordain  him;  ib.d  top  n^2aa.  Ib.  n"013a1 
and  they  ordained  him.  Sot.  40a  nnsaab  n*6»  *,331  •OO'^J 
XUJild  the  scholars  agreed  to  appoint  him  first;  a.  fr. — 
Part.  pass.  xsaa,  i?aa;  pi.  *,Jaa  appointed;  officer  (v. 
n**,aa).  Targ.Y.  Num.  11,5.  Targ.  Jer.  XXXVII,  13.  Targ. 
IChr.IX,19;  a.f i\— 2)to assign, commit.  Targ. Ps. XXXI, 6. 
(h.  text  lipBX).    Targ.  II  Chr.  XII,  10;  a.  e. 

Af.  i.3ax  1)  to  register,  enter,  designate  for  a  share. 
Pes.89a  Xlp^a  OT3*tt3t*"tthat  he  had  originally  designated 
them  for  participation  in  the  Passover  meal;  a.  e. — 2)  to 
take  a  vote.  Ib.  52a  13aaMs.  M.  (ed.  *|3iaa,  read  *|*oaa),  v. 

K*$a  ii. 

Ithpa.  "eanN,  XSanx,  Ithpe.  '■oat-ox,  "•aanx  1)  to  be  num- 
bered, counted;  to  vote.  Targ.  Num.  II,  33;  a.  fr.' — Sot. 
40a,  v.  supra.  Gitt.  56 b  '31  idUrn  V&  MfiiXl  (not .  .X3*aX1 
XdHUn  . .)  the  nobles  of  Rome  have  agreed  to  place  thee 
at  the  head;  a.  e.  —  2)  to  be  appointed;  to  be  ordained. 
Targ.  Ps.  CX,  4  ;  6;  a.  fr.— Y.  Bice.  1.  c.  i3anial  yh*t*  fa  in 
t)d3d  (read:  ftan^ai)  one  of  those  ordained  for  money's 
sake.  Ib.  (adapting  Hab.  II,  19)  '31  **■»  XH£d33  xb  has  he 
not  been  ordained  for  money?  &c.  lb.  "■Sena  i*to  Vdp  sb 
he  would  not  allow  himself  to  be  ordained; — 3)  to  be 
designated  for  a  share.  Targ.  O.  Ex.  XII,  4. — Pes.  89a 
im  in  bo  *ind  sins-oa^i  Ms.  M.  (Ms.  O.  mi  in  bs  *>3ai3i 

n^ind;  ed.  '31  i3n  n">1^S  *0a-'31,  read  12m  1*13*13* ;  v.  Rabb. 
D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  and  let  them  be  designated  as  participants 
with  each  of  them  (and  leteach  of  them  bedesignated&c). 
lb.  *oana  xp  *>a  l^ntai  ind  after  the  lamb  is  slaughtered 
how  can  he  be  entered?  Ib.  60b  *C*nnx  n'nV'S  1:a*iai  (v. 
Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  200)  and  other  persons  will  be  enter- 
ed for  a  share  in  it;  a.  e. 




iy\  212,  12  pr.  n.  m.  Minyomi,  a  physician.  Ab.  Zar. 
28b  (Ms.  M.  pa^B).  Sabb.  133b  (Ms.  M.  TW«i3;  Snh.  99b 
bot.  f*tfte). 

m\~12'V212  pr.  n.  m.  Minyomin.   Hull.  49b,  v.  J*pTil3?. 
12^212,  part.  Af.  of  BR 
^12^212,  v.  yn^aa. 

;  :a,  v.  w  h. 

p^OE,  v.  p^aw. 

I        T  :     t  '       t  : 

SJ2T1DE,  Y.  Meg.  II,  73b,  read  K^a, 

bC"0Q,  '72  m.  Caa,  v.  ac^aan)  [badge  of  office,]  neck- 
lace. TTarg.  Gen.  XLI,  42;  a',  e.  — Tam.  32a.— PI.  i^SQ. 
Targ.  Y.  II  Gen.  XLIX,  22. 

nD"GQ  f.  h.  form,  same.  Pirke  d'R.  El.  ch.  XL1II 
11IJX1  n3"i3B3  inlX  ItnXI  quot.  in  Men.  Hamm.  V,  ch.  V, 
1,  2  (ed.  npa^aS)  they  seized  him  by  his  necklace. 

V jC"0Q|  "^Q,  2*12  pr.  n.  m.  Minyamin,  name  of 
several  persons;  i)  M.,  an  Egyptian  proselyte.  Tosef.Kidd. 
V,  4;  (Sifre  Deut.  253  yW3);  Sot.  9a;  Yeb.  78a.— 2)  13  'a 
WW.  Meg.  28a  (Ms.  M.  T^K  13  '33;  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1. 
note).— 3)  Nidd.  65a,  v.  rT^STSa.— 4)  Ab.  Zar.  28 b,  v.  "W^. 

fSD,  v.  Tah. 

V212,  T^mQ,  12  m.  (b.  h.;  naa)  number, count;  bal- 
lot, vote.  B.TMets.  6b;  Bekh.  59b,  Ta.  e.  1312  ISOn  '72  a 
count  properly  begun  redeems,  i.  e.  if  one  began  to  count 
ten  or  more  animals  for  tithing  purposes,  and  during 
the  count  one  animal  died  or  ran  off,  those  which  passed 
the  rod  are  redeemed.  lb.  IKin  'a3  inb  VliaBiK  they 
were  redeemed  by  means  of  the  (interrupted)  count  pro- 
perly begun.— 'ail  31*1,  %P»  311,  v.  "i^2.  —  Bets.  3b  131 
'B3  WU5  Ms.  M.  (ed.  'B312J  131) ;  Zeb.  73a  'a  13  «51B  131 
objects  sold  by  the  piece.— Y.  Ber.  I,  38  top  'an  b3J  lias: 
let  us  decide  by  vote ;  Tosef  Ohol.  IV,  2  'ab  Has:.  Eduy. 

I,  5,  a.  fr.  'am  naSHin blia  superior  to  a  previous 

meeting  of  scholars  in  learning  and  numbers.  Bets.  5a 
'31  'a  ~n1U  'a3ttJ  131  b3  a  prohibitory  measure  passed  by 
ballot,  requires  another  ballot  to  be  abrogated  (although 
the  reason  for  the  measure  has  ceased  to  exist).  Snb. 
26a  'an  ",a  13*^  ....  HOp  a  measure  passed  in  a  meeting 
of  wicked  men  does  not  count  (deserves  no  consideration 
on  the  part  of  successors).  Hull.  97b  'an  *jB  .  . .  "pX  does 
not  count,  is  not  included. — Num.  B.  s.  1  bxni)11  "j*:a3  at 
the  census  of  the  Israelites  in  the  desert;  a.  fr. — [In  later 
Hebrew:  'a  the  requisite  number  of  males  for  congre- 
gational worship.] 

I'DUSrOQ/^DQ/^  ch.same.  Targ.  Gen.  XXXIV, 
30.  Targ.  Num.  1, 2 ;  a.'fr.-Sabb.  73b  "b  nab  'a  why  does  the 
Mishnah  state  the  number  (39)?;  Kerith.  2b;— Bekh. 

60a  bot,  '31  nxDIE  'a3  nTTW  b"Win  because  it  occurs  in 

the  Persian  (?)  system  of  counting  that  they  call  ten  one. — 
Snh.  36a;  Gitt.  59a  'a3  "wn  N3X  I  was  one  of  the  voters 
in  the  school  of  Babbi,  and  with  me  they  commenced. 
Y.  Snh.  I,  18c  top  [read:]  '31  'aa  n^pbo  UOK  pX  whether 
or  not  I  was  counted  in  (to  make  up  the  required  num- 
ber); a.  fr.— PI.  K*3?aa,  Ttyn,  "V.  Targ.  Num.  I,  44;  a. 
fr.— Gitt.  1.  c. ;  '31  IPf^aa  inbl3  in  all  their  ballots  they 
began  their  vote  from  the  side  benches  (with  the  jun- 
iors).— Sabb.  66b  '31  'a  b3  all  incantations  which  are  re- 
peated several  times,  must  contain  the  name  of  the  patient's 
mother ;  a.  e. 

ItfS^Q  m.  (Cfn)  fan.  B.  Mets.  86*  'a3  "ft*  "WWl  (Ms. 
M.  a.  oth.  TpEi3B3)  fan  me  with  the  (thy)  fan;  v.  nB3B. 

nj^OE,  n^lp^Q  &cv  v.  sub  'a^a. 

XtCJC,  Y.  Meg.  II,  73b,  read:  XTOm. 

il~«/U  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  pi.  Minnith,  in  Palestine.  Lam.  R. 
to  III,' 16  (play  on  'a  13n3,  Ez.  XXVII,  17)  "p^B  fctbl  "«}r1 
wheat  dishes  without  number ;  ib.  'a  paa3  as  many  as  the 
numerical  value  of  n^aa  (500);  Koh.  R.  to  I,  8  (corr.  ace). 

TV02D,  Y.  Sot.  V,  20c  bot.,  v.  n^23n. 

\yyi2,  v.  Nion.- [Yalk.Koh.971  -psa^a,  v.xbaJTall.] 

D272,  Koh.  R.  to  V,  11  Daana  some  ed.,  read :  paasnx, 
v.  oaaa. 

^12212212,  Targ.  Y.  Num.  XXVI,  9  Ar.  (ed.  "ElSa), 
read:  TMJtB,  v.  "jar  I. 

"\272,  "\212,  *\212,  ^12  (=)Hya',cmp.i<ii2  II)  whence? 
Targ.  Num.  XI,  13.  Targ.  O.  Gen.  XVI,  8  <Y.  ",xn  "ja). 
Targ.  Jon.  I,  8  (some  ed.  "jSa,  corr.  ace.) ;  a.  e. 

1102/0,  or  11020,  Targ.  Prov.  XXIX,  21,  v.  n&3. 

IS^DJO,  v.  iWW, 

^pD2l2,  Num.  R.  s.  12;  Sifre  Num.  45,  v.  ^'JOSpON. 

$272  (b.  h.)  [to  cut  off,]  to  withhold,  refuse,  refrain. 
Pes.  113b  VibsiB  Dibsaa  attitin  he  who  denies  shoes  to  his 
feet.  Keth.  96a  'si  s-'aia  ib^xs  nsairba  rnabn  aaian  he 
who  denies  to  his  pupil  the  privilege  of  attendance,  is 
considered  as  if  denying  kindness  to  him.  Ber.  10a,  sq.  bx 
D^anin  "ja  lass  3>3a"?  must  not  cut  himself  off  from  (des- 
pair of)  divine  mercy.  Gen.  R.  s.  76,  end  (ref.  to  Job  VI, 
14)  '31  "|Sia  n~aa  thou  (Jacob)  didst  refuse  kindness  to 
thy  friend  (Job) ;  a.  fr. 

Nif.  53a:  1)  to  restrain  one's  self;  to  shrink.  Eduy. 
IV,  8;  Yeb.  I,  4  '31  KUpb(a)  Waaa  istb  they  did  not  refrain 
from  intermarriage.  Ib.'3l  rWTia  pUJia?  (nillb)  '3  Kb  they 
did  not  shrink  from  relying  on  one  another  in  the  ob- 
servances of  levitical  pureness;  Tosef.  ib.  I,  10.  Ib.  12  "ja 
'31  prsas  (b3N)  praaa  TTt  xb  pBOn  they  did  not  shrink 
(from  interchange)  where  the  case  was  doubtful  &c. ; 
Yeb.  14b.  Gitt.  36a  '31  nilbnba  133B3  they  hesitated  to  lend 
money  to  one  another;  —  2)  to  be  withheld.    Num. 




R.  s.  15  *Bl  nnaiBfi  nssa?  (some  ed.  n?3a3)  joy  was  with- 
held from  the  wicked  and  given  to  &c. 

Hif.  S^San  to  keep  apart.  Y.  Taan.  I,  64b  top  •jSHpaa  WW 
Ua  11  for  thou  keepest  them  (the  rain-drops)  from  com- 
mingling (v.  B1E1); Y.  Ber.  IX,  I4a  top  "pa^aa  (corr.  ace). 

V212  ch.  same,  to  diminish;  to  withhold.  Targ.  Gen. 
XXII,  16.  lb.  XXX,  2.  Targ.  0.  Deut.  XIII,  1  (h.  text 
S>-13);  a.  fr. 

Ithpe.  SpEWS,  fitS"^  \)tobe  diminished;  to  cease,  omit. 
Targ.  Ex.  V,  11  (O.ed.  Vien.  SSaFP;  h.  text  sna).  lb.  IX, 
29  (h.  text  bin).  Targ.  Deut.  XXIII,  23  (O.  ed.Vien.S3.aPin). 
Targ.  Jud.  XV,  7 ; — 2)  tv  restrain  one's  self;  to  refuse, 
shrink.  Targ.  Ex.  XXIII,  2 ;  a.  e  —  Gitt.  52b  iSBBTsfc  V* 
he  might  shrink  (from  becoming  a  guardian).  Y.  Sabb. 
VII,  9b  bot.  'pssana  j6,  v.  N"fi;  a.  e. 

bW212  m.  (b.  h.;  h»)  lock.  B.  Bath.  65b;  Tosef.  ib. 
Ill,  1  'ah  nxi  1J3H  nx  the  bolt  (fastened  to  the  wall)  and 
the  lock  (fastened  to  the  door),  opp.  to  finBa  the  portable 
key.  M.  Kat.  I,  10.  Zab.  IV,  3 ;  a.  fr.  — Trnsf.  the  lock  of 
the  buttock,  anus.  Koh.  R.  to  III,  19;  Gen.B.  s.  17  (some 
ed.  ^S3a);  Yalk.  Koh.  969  ^3>3a;  v.  ^*»$. 

ly\^12iy^21Z  m.  (b.  h.;  b?2,  v.  fcgJ)  foot-covering, 
shoe,  contrad/to  Vl3B  sole.  Kel.  XXVI,  4.  Esth.  R.  to  IV, 
15,  v.  TjHK  Yeb.  XII,  1.  Tosef.  ib.  XII,  10  '31  BISSE  'a3 
with  a  torn  shoe  which  still  covers  the  larger  portion 
of  the  foot;  a.  fr.  —  PI.  B^SJB,  T^MB.  Sabb.  129a.  Pes. 
1 13b,  v.  S5Q.  Y.  Sabb.  VI,  8a;  a.  fr.— Kil.  IX,  7  p'Wl  nfiwSO. 
cloth  socfts,  v.  XCn")^. 


)  v. 

^S  3a. 

HDDQ  f.  (q«)  1)  /"an.  Kel.  XVI,  7  (Ar.  XS3B).  Yeb. 
63a  *«B13Pn  'a3  Ar.,  v.  t)W  ch.  — V.  »B^3a.—  *2)  (v.  fiBO) 
flag.  — PI.  niS3a.  Mekh.  B'shall.,  s.  2  ni£3B  (corr.  ace); 
v.,  however,  "jiS^D. 

PnSDQ,  Pesik.  R.  s.  17,  read:  B^BSa. 

^"ISOiQ  m.  ([xovotcwXiov)  a  trading  mart  enjoying  a 
monopoly.  Dem.  V,  4  'an  "ja  nplVB  when  he  buys  (loaves 
of  bread)  in  a  monopolized  market  (where  the  numbers 
of  bakers  and  of  retailers  are  limited).  Y.  ib.  24d  top  WB 
'31  'a  what  sort  of  a  mart?  Where  there  are  nine  sellers 
supplied  by  eight  bakers,  so  that  eight  may  have  bought 
from  one  baker  severally,  but  one  baker  must  necessarily 
have  supplied  at  least  two  sellers. 

D"®2C  pr.  n.  pi.  (Mevcp,  MefACpt;)  Memphis,  in  Egypt. 
Pesik.  R.  s.  17  filSSa  CpJ ;  Pesik.  Vayhi,  p.  63b  CnS-ia  (corr. 
ace.)  the  Biblical  Nof  is  Memphis ;  v.  B^BB. 

C2&2C  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.  Ill,  1  ed.  Zuck.,  v.  D^Sia. 

Tl  U!£2T2  m.  pi.  Mantsfakh,  a  vox  memorialis  for  the 
five  letters  (a,  3,  s,  B,  a.  ~\)  which  have  separate  forms 
at  the  end  of  words.  Y.  Meg.  I,  71d  '31  H3^fi  'a  the  double 
forms  for  the  five  letters  are  a  Mosaic  tradition,  lb.  lira 
MDTtfl  "$>  WtpPtW  fiB  .  .  .  'a  what  does  the  vox  M.  in- 

timate? What  the  inspired  seers  (prophets)  have  institut- 
ed for  thee  ;  Gen.  R.  s.  1.  Ib. ;  Sabb.  104a;  Meg.  2b  D^BIX  'a 
Dl"iBN  M.  intimates  that  the  seers  indited  them;  Num. 
R.  s.  18;  Tanh.  Koran  12. 

Itfrmp^Q,  v.  Nnrnpwa. 

"Dp2U,  Ab.  d'R.  N.  ch.  XVIII,  end,  v.  BpVo. 

SI2p3£  f.  (EJJ35)  holder,  ">*il*S  'a  a  band  on  which 
various  trinkets  are  suspended.  Sabb.591'  (defining  J&Bp), 
v.  &OXB. 

nTfp^  f.  pi.  (b.  h.;  p^;  v.  npjna)  tubes.  Men.  97a 
(ref.  to  Ex.  XXV,  29)  B"Bp  lb  St  lnni*p3B  by  m'nakkiyoth 
are  meant  the  tubes  placed  between  the  show-loaves  to 
let  the  air  pass;  Rashi :  'which  keep  the  bread  clean  from 
mould',  fr.  SipT3);  v.  ?|3BI  Pi. —  [LXX  translates  our  w. 
with  xoaftoi.] 

Nrfl"P j?3Q|  #^1\}ZT2  f.  pplll)  cleanliness.  Hull. 
105b  (Ar.  "ip3»).  Ab.TZar.'30a'(Ar.  'ip3B;  Ms.  M.  KWPJM.] 

DpDQ,  v.  p^r,  a.  np.^a. 

S2J"13I2|  '~QD  rTVba,  lamp,  Targ.  Ex.  XXV, 
31;  a.  fr.— Y.  Yonia  III,  41a  top,  expl.  fiSTOS.  Gen.  R.  s. 
63,  end  (translat.  n^Ssn  hBX,  Is.  XXI,  5)  'a  T1D  arrange 
the  lamp;  Cant.  R.  to  III,  4  '31  'a  na"pst  thou  (Belshaz- 
zar)  hast  put  up  the  lamp,  kindled  the  light;  a.  fr. — PL 
fctPHSB.   Targ.  Jer.  LII,  19 ;  a.  e. 

ni£j£2  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  m.  Manasseh,  1)  son  of  Joseph; 
also  the  tribe  of  Manasseh.  Gen.  R.  s.  84  D">;:3l!5b  Bin  'a 
Sllpb  M.  was  the  cause  that  the  sons  of  Jacob  rent 
their  garments  (Gen.  XLIV,  13;  v.  Gen.  R.  s.  91);  a.  fr.— 
2)  M.,  King  of  Judah.  Snh.  X,  2  ;  Tosef.  ib.  XII,  11.  Yeb. 
49b  '31  mn  'a  M.  put  Isaiah  to  death ;  a.  fr.— 3)  M.,  grand- 
father of  Jonathan  (Jud.  XVIII,  30).  Tosef.  Snh.  XIV,  8 ; 
B.  Bath.  109b  '31  'a  p  "W  was  he  the  son  of  M.?  Was 
he  not  the  son  of  Moses?  Ib.  '31  'a  n'ttJSa  PHDS1Z3  "jina  be- 
cause he  acted  like  king  Manasseh  &c. — 4)  M.,  a  scholar. 
Y.  Meg.  II,  73a  bot. 

fcPttto,  S^  n.  m.  M'nashia.  Y.M.Kat.111, 
83c  top;  Y.  MegJlII,  73  b  ituma,  8tttT3B  (corr.  ace). 

TDD  f.  (b.  h.;  h3a)  1)  portion,  share.  B.  Bath.  12u  'a 
'31  3133  I  sell  thee  a  portion  of  my  vineyard.— "ban  n:a 
the  king's  share  (annona).  Ned.  62b ;  B.  Bath.  8a,  v.  rnsa. 
Ab.Zar.71a")ba'a  ij>3>  Ban  settle  forme  the  annona  (in  kind 
or  money). —  2)  appointment;  nsas,  nsa  hs  (abbrev.  a"5) 
on  condition  that,  for  the  sake  of.  Tosef.  Dem.  "VI,  13 
•j3  'as  las  rnrti  nso  ed.  Zuck.  (Var.  p  rvw»b  »"s  nbnna . .) 

but  if  he  originally  had  made  that  agreement  (of  divid- 
ing the  profits)  with  him.  Ib.  VII,  3  ibtU  nVYjrarnu  a"3 
with  the  condition  that  the  tithes  be  mine.  Y.  B.  Mets. 
V,  10b  bot.  '31  lb  mbsb  'a3  with  the  condition  that  he 
will  give  him  (as  his  share)  one  new-born  animal  or  one 
crop  of  wool.  Ab.  I,  3,jt.  13?.  Tosef.  Snh.  XI,  2  i3N  3HT 
riUJlS  n3K  "(3  a"ri  I  know  (the  nature  of  the  offence  and 




its  penalty),  and  on  that  condition  I  am  committing  it ; 
Mekh.  Mishp.  s.  20  p  a"S  i3X  Sl-P  (read:  a"S1).  Kidd.  6b 
linnb  a"?  njna  a  present  made  with  the  condition  that 
it  shall  he  returned  (possession  for  the  time  being) ;  a.  v. 
fr. — Ab.  Zar.  37a,  a.  fr.  ^al  "PttJ33>a  . . .  a"2  laiXfi  b3  if  a 
man  says  'on  condition',  it  is  to  he  considered  as  if  he 
had  said  'from  now',  i.  e.  the  stipulated  transaction  takes 
retrospective  effect  when  the  condition  is  fulfilled.  — B. 
Bath.  X,  8  (175b)  Ihlbn  inSO  b3>  Ar.  (ed.  VOiaX,  v.  PO«ia^) 
he  extended  the  loan  to  him  (the  friend)  on  the  condi- 
tion which  he  (the  guarantor)  offered. 

HDD,  ^rjQ  ch.  same.  Targ.  II  Sam.  VI,  19  (ed.  Wil. 
XP3a).— B.  Bath.  167a  (in  a  contract)  yUJOTDl  piR*!  n373 
"HX  the  share  of  Keuben  and  Simeon  the  brothers.  B. 
Kam.  113b  X3bal  'a=~ban  nsa,  v.  preced.  B'.  Mets.  1091' 
~b"n  'a  thy  share.  Yeb.  37b;  a.  e. — 'a  bs,  v.  preced.  Targ. 
T.  II  Gen.  XLIV,  18  '31  msta  a"5  even  if  it  must  be  done 
against  the  will  kc.—Pl.  btnilaa.   Targ.  II  Esth.  II,  9. 

012  I  m.  (ODa)  1)  (cmp.  Dapa  II)  juice.  Num.  R.  s.  14 
(play  on  mSoWDS,  Koh.  XII,  11)  niia  baa  (bitter)  as  the 
juice  of  bitter  things,  v.  Dapall. — 2)  melting,  fainting. 
Lam.  R.  to  I,  1  Vina,  v.  Dab. 

DG  II  m.  (b.  h.;  =630;  nD3=XttJ3)  impost,  tribute,tax. 
Lam.  R.  to  I,  1  Ynta,  v.  Bab  a.  X&a  I.  — PZ.  fi^&a,  "psa. 
Y.  Dem.  II,  22d  top  IttJnnnSUJ  Ton  'a  ^»a  the  places  which 
were  made  tributary  (under  Joshua)  are  considered  as 
conquered  (belonging  to  the  Holy  Land);  Y.Shebi.  VI,  36c 
bot.  -pOti  "ton  (corr.  ace);  Gen.  R.  s.  98.  Lev.  R.  s.  33, 
end  'si  'an  nbsab  xbx  laoab  xb  (this  nninsi,  Deut.  IV, 
28)  does  not  mean  'to  worship'  but  'to  serve'  by  paying 
imposts,  annonae  &c.  lb. ;  Cant.  R.  to  II,  14  nx  . . .  'ab  DX 
•ai  ■:-'?;•  -pa  (some  ed.  tnDSb)  if  it  be  a  question  of 
taxes  ....  thou  art  king  over  us  ...  .  (we  recognize  thy 
sovereignty)  .  . .,  but  &c. 

#012,  S©"72  ch.  same.  Targ.  Prov. XII,  24,v.xnx,TQ. 
—  PI.  V©?,  "pWta'  Targ.  Josh.  XVII,  13;  a.  fr. 

S&012  I  m.  ch.  =  Da  I,  melting;  xn^bl  'a  /am!  hearted- 
ness.  Lam.  R.  to  I,  1  Tilia,  v.  Gab. 

iS0Zj  II  m.  (XD3,  v.  np3)  pee?,  sAore?  for  taking  bread 
out  of  the  oven.  Taan.  25a  '21  'a  "*Y*K  bring  the  shovel, 
for  thy  bread  is  getting  charred.  Bekh.  27a  limn  fib  nbplH 
'a  she  takes  the  priest's  gift  of  the  dough  on  the  point 
of  the  shovel  (to  avoid  direct  contact). 

!KC?3  to  melt,  v.  "Da  a.  DOB. 

JjSQu,  ?S  jXOQ  m.  (nxp)  repulsive;  unclean.  Targ. 
0.  Lev.  V,'2  (Y.Vxpa).  lb.  XIII,  45 ;  a.  fr.— Eduy.  VIII,  4 
Ms.M.(ed.nxPDa);  Ab.  Zar.37a;  a.e.— P/.pDXDa,  *pnxpa. 
Targ.  Lev.  XI,  26;  a.  fr. — Fern.  &QKDO,  XPnxpa.  Targ.  Ez. 
IV,  14.  Targ.  Lev.  V,  2;  a.  fr.— Y.  Kil.  IX,  8JF  bot.  X3HX 
'a  an  unclean  land  (outside  of  Palestine)  ;  Y.  Keth.  XII, 
35b  nnnxpa. 

«"nsoa,  v.  ivhnBB, 

SriPl^bD,  v.  xpnoa. 

•    t    :  »  «  : 

S3S0Q  m.  (-,XD  to  tread;  v.  xrp)  sftoe.  Targ.  Ps.  LX, 
10  (ed.  Wil.'  ■'SDOjpJ.);  a.  e.  — Gitt  56a  'a  XSnbia  Wh  she 
happened  to  be  barefooted.  Ib.b  'a  in  D""D  nin  (not 
■>3XDa)  he  had  put  on  one  shoe.  Kidd.  49a,  v.  X513.  Gen. 
R.  s.  41,  beg.;  s.  52,  end,  v.  y^abi-J;  a.  e.—Pl.  *$*&»• 
Lam.  R.  to  I,  5  "^XDa  "JT»  both  my  shoes.  Taan.  22a  'a 
ia31X  black  shoes  (worn  by  gentiles). — Contr.  "jOa,  X3Ba, 
q.  v. 

SSDS&72,  Y.  Dem.  II,  21d  bot.,  v.  XPSDa. 

fcSCSOD  m.  (XD3  to  move;  Hif.  to  drive;  v.  PI.  to 
Levy  Talm.  Diet.  Ill,  p.  313a)  ox-goad.  Pesik.  Bahod.,  p. 
153n;  Lev.  R.  s.  29;  Yalk.  Lev.  645  nDXDXa  (corr.  ace); 
Yalk.  Num.  782.   [Ar.  s.  v.  IDG:  XDDa.] 

"IfctDQ  to  sate,  v.  ipa  II. 

SnSDQ,  v.  ra, 

T  T     :  r  t  : 

StflTSCD  f.  (XD3;  v.  P.  Sm.  2179;  2391)  balance,  pair 
of  scales.*  T&vg,  Prov.  XVI,  11  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  Wil.  Xfipa). 
lb.  XI,  1  ed.  Lag.  (Var.  XSXOa,  corr.  ace;  ed.  Wil.  xnOa). 
lb.  XX,  23  (ed.  Lag.  a.  oth.  XPfilIJa);  v.  XPfiDa. 

2012,  3DQ,  v.  a&rra 

3DQ,  '12  m.  (b.  h. ;  nnp)  dining  couch.  Sabb.  63a  top 
'31  nni  'an  on  a  wide  couch  or  on  a  narrow  couch  (an 
obscene  disguise  for  a  fat  or  a  lean  Avoman,  v.  ""bllto). — 
Cant.  R.  to  I,  12  STpin  "in Dan  'on  his  couch'  (ib.),  in 

TX2.012, n^PpD  f.  (preced.)  1 )  banqueting  party.  Sabb. 
149b  bot.— 2)  banquet,  dinner.  Ber.  52b  df«a  P3pa  titfo 
T"sb  (Ms.  M.  tPia  nnon)  the  banqueting  of  gentiles  is 
presumed  to  be  dedicated  to  idolatry.  B.  Bath.  120a  'an 
i13pT  TIX  "ibn  in  sitting  down  for  a  festive  meal  age 
takes  the  precedence. — 3)  (b.  h.)  winding  staircase.  Tarn. 
I,  1  '31  rnbinn  'a  the  staircase  leading  (to  a  well)  under 
the  Temple.  Midd.  IV,  5 ;  a.  fr. 

SrQOD,  ^012  ch.  same,  winding  staircase.  Targ. 
Ez.  xli,  7  (h.  text'nno3!).— PI.  xpapa,  '^Ca.  Ib.  Targ. 
I  Kings  VI,  8  (h.  text  D^blb). 

:7— CD  m.(TpD)  a  netted,meshg plant^erh. pine-cone. 
Par.  111,3  '31  'ai  bpa  ynirnp  (Var.  'a  IX)  they  tied  (to  the 
top  of  the  rope)  a  stick  with  a  cone  (to  which  the  ashes 
would  adhere). 


v.  xpn^oa. 

rPDDOD,  &*bO"10E,  a  corrupt,  for  xb^Boa  m.  pi. 
(ptiaiuXa)  medlars.  Y.  Sabb.  VII,  10a  bot.  [read:]  'T\n 
"ppbai  'a  .  .  .  niiUJI  he  who  spreads  (for  drying)  dates, 
grapes  or  medlars  and  gathers  them  (on  the  Sabbath). 




"•IpQ  m.  ("My  I)  multitude.  Targ.  Y.  Deut.  X,  22.  Targ. 
O.  Gen.  XXX, 30 ;  a.  e.-[Targ.  Is.  V, 24,  v.  "japa.]-V. "\30III. 

XTilDO,v.  aispa. 

13CD  m.  ("\3p  I)  greatness.    Targ.  Is.  V,  24  (ed.  Lag. 

™lijD/2  m.  (b.  h.;  130)  1)  enclosure.  Ex.  R.  s.  15  bS31 
mosa'an  he  locked  the  enclosure  up  before  it  (the  cattle). 
Y.  B.  Kam.  V,  4d  bot.;  ib.  VI,  5,J  bot.  (in  Chald.  diction) 
'a  nb  mxi  (not  mb)  when  it  (the  stack  of  grain)  has  an 
enclosure  around  it. — 2)  locksmith;  (allegorical ly)  scholar. 
Snh.  38a;  Gitt.  88aj  v.  130. 

M~);jPQ,  flpQ  ch.  same,  enclosure,  prison.  Targ. 
Ps.  CXLII,  8. 

M 'HjjpQ  pr.  n.  pi.  Misgaria,  in  Babylonia.  Kidd.  72a 
(RashY:  S^IVOa). 

ri")3pQ  f.  (b.  h.;  13tt)  Wm.  Men.  96b  iniatta  the  rim 
of  the  table;  Succ.  5a;  Yalk.  Ex.  369. 

HOEl,  v.'toa. 

T\U12  f.  (b.  h.;  np3)  trial;  wonder.— PL  nigra.  Pesik. 
R.  s.  33.  Deut.  R.  s.  7,  v.  noa. 

'  T    T 

fcnnpQ  m.  (*fl*l)  witness.  Targ.  Job  XVI,  19. 

"ID/G  m.  (noa ;  cmp.  Opan)  a  liquid  substance  used  for 
curdling.  Gen.  R.  s.  4,  end  'a  bll)  nnx  ns^w  one  drop  of 
m'so.  Ib.  s.  14;  Lev.  R.  s.  14;  Yalk.  Job  905. 

ICQ,  Sabb.  78a,  read  Avith  Ms.  M.  "j&a^OXa,  v.  ipX. 

n^SIG,  v.  rwwtes. 

ni^CQ  m.  (aap;  v.  napa)  reclining;  invited  guest. 
Lam.  R.  to  IV,  2  (in  Chald.  diction)  'a  nx  mb  thou  art 
not  invited. — PI.  "paiOa  guests,  dining  party.  Gen.  R.  s. 
71  '21  a"SSX  Wl  nxb  V©  'a  ail  (not  -p^Bb)  most  of  the 
guests  (assembled  at  Boas'  wedding,  Ruth  IV,  11)  were 
d  escendants  of  Leah,  and  yet  they  made  Rachel  the  chief 
person  (placing  her  before  Leah);  lluth  R.  to  1.  c;  Pesik. 
Ronni,  p.  141b  (not  "pitta);  a.  e. 

SrVQ^lOQ  f.  (xap;  v.  xrriap)  keeper  of  a  wine  shop. 
Ab.  Zar.  70b  tftib  tfrbpvb  niOal  'a  *Wl  Ms.  M.  (ed.  in- 
corr.)  a  shopkeeper  who  gave  her  key  in  charge  of  a 
gentile  woman.— [Sabb.  105b  Alf.  Ms.  'tta,  v.  xmaisa. 

J^bZl'lDQ  m.  (bap)  load.  — PI.  ^=aiOa.  B.  Bath.  86a 
•vaitvT'ttaa  Ar.  (Ms.  H.  "^apa,  Ms.  M.  "^axtta,  v.  Rabb.  D. 
S.  a.  1.  note;  ed.  "^boxna  q.  v.)  in  the  case  of  loads  of  gar- 
lic (which  are  not  packed  in  bags  or  baskets). 

ar-Qion,  v.  MTtfea 

t  t  :  : 

1  'JIlDZj  m.  pi.  (WD;  cmp.  ;pp)  low  border-marks  (v. 
tt£/tta).  Y.  B.  Bath.  II,  13b  bot.  '31  'a  "pasi  fb*tt  if  part- 
ners of  a  property  divide  off  between  one  another  by 
means  of  border-marks  (which  can  easily  be  stepped  over), 
they  may  object  (to  opening  a  school ;  v.  Tosef.  ib.  I,  4). 

nipQ  m.  (b.  h.;  Mitt,  Ges.  Thes.  p. 941)  cover,  sheath' 
TWttMJ  'a  the  (iron)  sheath  of  the  ploughshare.  Tosef 
Kel.  B.  Bath.  I,  7  (R.  S.  to  Kel.  XXI,  2  UWaail)  'an).  Erub. 
22:i  Ms.  0.,  v.  Xltea. 

j  I  \012  m.,  "1  llOT3  f.  pi.  (preced.)  veils,  masks.  Lam. 
R.  to  IV,  3,  v.  Kiii\ 

^OQ,  v.  EflR. 

"H©Q  load,  v.  xitea. 

"j"IDQ,  T'DD,  Lev.  R.  s.  22,  beg.  tb,  v.  *$£. 

"J21M  m.  (poll)  critically  ill.  Gitt.  VI,  5  'an  t]«  the 
same  applies  to  one  taken  sick;  Y.ib.  48a,sq.'31  "p SpttJ  bs 'a 
m'sukkan  is  he  who  was  suddenly  overcome,  contrad.  to 
nbin.  Ber.  62b  Kin  'a  latt  Kim  and  he  thought  his  health 
was  endangered  (by  a  delay);  Tam.  27b  Kin  'a  Xab"H ; 
a.  fr._Fem.  maitta.  Hull.  II,  8  'an  nx  oniirn  he  who 
slaughters  a  beast  which  threatens  to  die. — [Midr.  Prov. 
ch.  XXII  Wp  -pitta,  v.  pttl]. 

rjD^oa,  roD^ioq,  v.  t,cdp. 

K^DiDQ,  S^HDiDQ  m.  (ISO)  stopper.  Sabb.llla 
bot.  fKeth.  6a;  Bekh.  25a  xn^WI  'a  (Ar.  s.  v.  120,  a.  Ms.  M. 
a.  F.  Sabb.  1.  c:  'altta)  the  stopper  of  the  brewing  boiler 
(made  of  soft  material,  as  rags  &c). 

^blM,»^Oa,  Q^blOD,  D^DD,  read: 

{^11 13^1073  m.  (denom.  of  O^bltt)  a  shoe  consisting  of 
a  mere  sole.  Yeb.  103b  bl  'an  bl3ttb  "JIB  to  exclude  the 
sandal  which  consists  merely  of  a  sole  and  has  no  heel; 
Yalk. Deut. 938  'iiblOa,  '"^bttia;  Kidd.l4a  sq.  D^blttab  CJ1D 
(Ar.  tt^blttb). 

OnE10D,  v.  o^pa. 

HEfiDE,  v.iatt. 

(SblDQ  m.  (Otta;  v.  ttttan)  stomach  (of  man).  Koh. 
R.  to  XII,  4  (ref.  to  mna,  ib.)  )tra  'a  mbl  *"5  because 
the  stomach  grinds  no  more;  (Sabb.  152a  'ppTlp;  Lev.  R. 

s.  18  ttttan). 

SxTOp'toQ  m.  pi.  (u-eaoaxuXov,  -a)  inter columnia- 
tion,  space  between  Uvo  columns.  Y.  Ned.  Ill,  37d  bot.  X3X 
'a  ^Sam  bs>  milX  .  . .  man  (not  "^ais)  I  saw  the  tanned 
slough  of  a  serpent  stretched  over  eight  intercolumnia- 
tions;  Y.  Shebu.III,34d'V^tt1tta  K^an  b3J  T^p*,  v.  X11X  II. 

&O01&D,  v.  nbttaoa. 

rilBlDQ,   Tosef.  Sabb.  VIII  (IX),  22  ed.  Zuck..  v. 


S^lOU   NHTplOa,  v.  next  w. 

SrOj?"l©D  f.  (pp?)  ascent,  step.  Targ.  Y.  I  Num. 
XXXIV,*4  (some  ed.  KnVplOa;  Y.  II  Krllippa).  Targ.  Is. 
XV,  5.  —  PI.  y^p/iSO.  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  Xx/23;  a.  fr.  — Targ. 

Ps.  CXX,  1  Vawm  ytptUU  ^5  (ed.  Wil.  ppi&a)  on  the 
rise  of  the  depths  (v.  Succ.  53a) ;  ib.  CXXI,  1  T*£5W3  ed- 
Lag.;  ib.  CXXIII,  1  ""ppa  (h.  text  nibsan).— [Koh. R.  to 
XII,  5  fplOa  'JOP  r-N  (not  ■p'maa)  are  there  any  steps 
to  go  up?,  a  Var.  lect.  inserted  in  the  text;  v.  Xppa.] 

Srp?iDl2  f.  (preced.)  going  up.  Targ.  Y.  I  Deut. 

""i  iC2  m.  ("pa)  informer,  traitor  (delivering  Jews  into 
the  hands  of  the  Roman  government).  B.  Kam.  119a  "paa 
'a  the  property  of  an  informer.  Ker.  2b;  B.  Kam.  5a  Ms. 
M.  (ed.  "Cia,  corr.  ace);  a.  ir.—Pl.  rYHtoa.  Y.  Sot.  IX, 
end,  24c,  a.  e.  tfl  "t  a  (studying  Greek  was  forbidden) 
on  account  of  the  informers  (whose  familiarity  with  Greek 
tempted  them  to  treason,  v.  Bab.  ib.  49b).  R.  Hash.  17a 
ttn  'pBTOTl  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  50)  the  heretics  and 
the  informers.—  Fern,  trftoo.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.XII  snr 
'"j)  'a  -jraix  (ed.  Bub.  nx~"Ca  tTV&Wt,  corr.  ace.)  may 
thy  own  people  turn  informer  against  thee;  Yalk.  Ps.  G56 

(not  iram). 

'P'niDD,  Koh.R.toXH,5,  read:  "P3?*M| r.tHtt$3/)UQ. 

n"j"l©!2  f.  (^pa)  (a  chain  of)  tradition.  Sot.  10b  nt  Wl 
':i  IWOKQ  "~~i"  'a  we  hold  a  tradition  from  our  fathers 
that  &c.  Hull.  63b  "23  bziC  TtTQ  Cffl  as  for  eating  clean 
birds  we  rely  on  tradition  (there  being  no  rules  for  dis- 
tinguishing them  in  the  Biblical  law).— Esp.  the  traditional 
Scriptural  text  without  vowels,  contrad.  to  X"ipa  the 
traditional  vocalization,  v.  "X.  Y.  Meg.  IV,  74d  bot.  (ref. 
to  Neh.  VHI,  8)  'they  explained  the  reading',  'an  rit  this 
means  the  traditional  text ;  Bab.  ib.  3a  mmOan  "l^X  (some 
eds.  miO*3;  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.);  Ned.  37b  nmoart.  Ab. 
Ill,  13  Ll'Wib  5"0  'a  the  tradition  is  the  fence  for  (pre- 
serving the  integrity  of)  the  Torah.  Zeb.  37b,  sq.  "anx 
'a  ":~S"  X~pa  the  traditional  vocalization  is  a  help  (in 
interpretation),  and  so  is  the  traditional  literal  text  (e. 
g.  rzD3,  Lev.  XXIII,  42,  which  may  be  interpreted  as 
singular  number,  and  which  is  read  as  a  plural) ;  a.  fr. — 
PL  Prntao.  Tanh.  Vaethh.  6  V\  --zzr,  "2  £&  the  tradi- 
tions of  wisdom  were  taken  from  Moses  and  given  to 
Joshua. — Meg.  3a;  Ned.  37b,  v.  supra. — [n'TSa  Masso- 
rah,  the  collection  of  textual  readings  systematically  ar- 

NTHi©D  ch.  same.  Targ.  Job  XV,  18.  Targ.Is.XXX, 
11  XWlpa  (Bxt.  XJiaCa,  corr.  ace). 

■     D'iDJGi  Tosef.  Pes.  U  (HI),  3  'an  ed.  Zuck.  (Var.  ntJOH, 
pOaTl),  read:  PPffB  or  pi.  nioiin  (v.  Pes.  40b). 

SriDQ  f.  (=KrWlpn  q.  v.)  bath.  Snh.  62b;  Erub.  27b, 
.V.  tzy\  B.  Mets.  6a,Tsq.  'Si  ?&3  "USB  ...  'a  vettn  (not  n^s) 
there  was  a  bath-house  which  two  contested,  one  saying, 
it  is  mine  &c.  Lev.  R.  s.  28,  end  [read :]  n"~"C"  "a  "iDX 
he  put  on  his  bathing  apparel,  v.  xrvW. 

JSriCD  m.  (no:)  balance,  v.  xrxoa. 

TT.  -  ;'  •  t    _»  I 

KTinCQ  f.  Cnb)  bath;  bath-house.  Kidd.  33a  trti 
'B  "^  ST,"1  was  sitting  in  the  bath-house ;  v.  tfrflOa. 



U  npij  m.  ^t\xS)squeezingappliance,wringer.  Tosef. 
Kel.  B.  Mets.  VI,  7  nVl  bttJ  'a  a  wringer  on  hinges. 

HZTHC12,  Targ.  I  Sam.  XVH,  6  (Kimhi  in  ed.  Ven.  I 
XEsna),  read:  X£pna  (v.  ppr;)  scaly.  [The  entire  clause 
XO^>*p  .  .  .  X1L"n:n  'ai  is  a  misplaced  and  corrupted  gloss 
to  verse  5,  ref.  to  WttpVp  "pi-raji  of  the  text,  v.  ?z\l  a. 

t  ;  •    J 

^IH^r  m<  P1-  C"^;  cmP-  ^""P*)  feasters,  those 
who  feast  mourners.  Targ.  H  Esth.  I,  2  (3)  'a  ^nap  ed. 
Lag.  (ed.  X^nOa,  VtHMMi,  corr.  ace. ;  ed.  Frf.  SWtl'TO). 

SrnCC,  SPinC/G  f.  (np:)  l)  =xnpa  balance,  pair 
of  scales.  Targ.  Ps.'  LXII,  10.  —  PI.  xrxnpa.  Targ.  Job 
VI,  2  ed.  Lag.  (ed.  Wil.  xr.npa).  Ib.XXXI,  6  xnnxcaMs. 
(corr.  ace.;  ed.  KftTpgn).  Targ.  Y.  Deut.  XXV,  15  (not 
'xrta). —  2)  weighing  counter,  esp.  butcher's  stall.  Hull. 
132b  'a  52p  he  put  up  a  permanent  stall  for  selling  meat. 
Shebu.  42a  '31  'ax  r.rrmx  you  sat  by  the  stall  and  took 
jour  (advanced)  money  as  the  meat  was  being  sold.  B. 
Kam.  23b  '=1  'as  aTl  (sell  your  animal  to  the  butcher, 
and)  sit  by  the  stall  and  get  your  money  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S. 
a.  1.  note);  a.  e. 

&OTJD/2  m.  (Ithpe.  noun  of  220)  =  n^p-X,  porch, 
esp.  dealer's  stall  with  a  bench  attached  to  the  house.  Y. 
B.  Bath.  II,  beg.  13b  'a  Th  r,z  —  r*  . .  p2T  sold  his  dwell- 
ing and  reserved  for  himself  one  porch. 

Nr"3TJp22,  HD f.  same.  Cant.  R.  to  VI,  12  pX 

'zi  'a  wnrib  'b=rt>a  son  (not  (rtihb)  if  he  looks  up  to 
thatstall  where  he  used  to  sit  tailoring &C.-P/.  xr""2"22a. 

Y.  Bets.  I,  60c  bot.  ^l  KtT«nn  'a  to s6  sit  not  on  the 

outer  benches  of  the  hall  of  Bar  Ula,  for  they  are  cold. 

HI  jt2t?Q  f.  h.  same  (cmp.  KIJO&W,  T«Bt£K).  Y.  Kil. 

IX,  32a  'a  3"5  ",ira  placed  on  a  stationary  stone  bench, 
opp.  n-j^a,  couch.  Y.  Erub.  VII,  24b  bot.  '31  ">:S  bs  'a  HtW 
(not  iTTtBS)  if  he  attached  a  porch  along  the  whole  front 
of  the  wall.— PL  r/P^ppa.  Y.  Pes.  V,  32c  bot.  p-"r  Ttl  'a 
■pnb  they  made  for  them  projecting  boards  (along  the 
wall,  that  they  should  not  step  on  the  blood;   Bab.  ib. 

65b  i;aa:rxx  man,  v.  xapp^x). 

SDVt2DD,Targ.  Is.  XXX,  11  Bxt.  Lex.  p.  1462,  a  cor- 
rupt., v.  xrnisa. 

Ti!2QH  m.  (ipp)  a  blow,  slap.  Tanh.  Haye  3  'a  fssO 
he  slapped  him  in  the  face;  a.  e. ;  v.  "ippa. — Pl.'py^zi. 
Yalk.  Koh.  968  (play  on  TX,  Koh.  II,  9)  rxr  'frfuftp  nnin 
•b  niar  x-n  'an  trnbv  . . "'?  r,a--pr:  the  lesson  which 
I  learned  with  'heat'  remained  to  me;  ...  the  very  lesson 
which  I  learned  with  (my  teachers')  slaps  stood  by  me; 
Koh.R.  to  1.  c.  rWprt  px::  ^TBN  tWp&  -r-abr  r,-iln  So 
"b  (corr.  ace.;  v.  Matt.  K.  a.  1.). 

"p-iT^CE  secret,  v.  TTppa. 





"^QQ  m.  Opp)  one  who  diverts  judgment  from  its 
straight  path  (=h.  "pi  fitta),  prevaricator.  Targ.  Is.  LVIII,  6 
'a  yn  (h.  text  naia).— Gen.  R.  s.  50  (fictitious  name  of  a 
Sodomite  judge)  "pTtttJQJ  B"i  (— fp  ippa,  some  ed.  "pTtaOa, 
corr.  ace.)  Chief  Prevaricator  (Snh.l09bWH  ibna);  Yalk. 
ib.  84  (corr.  ace). 

""TOpE,  v.  preced. 

"j "I2D/G  f.  (u.a<7Ti)rT))  ^ttm  mastic.  Gen.R.  s.91  end; 
YaIk.Gen.149  (expl.a'?,Gen.XLIII,  11;  ed.  KJWSJ^rOSatia, 
'3a2£la  corr.  ace).  Tosef.  Sabb.  XII  (XIII),  8,  v.  D?V. 

D'H'TaDn,  v.  next  w. 

ptov,  -a)  secret.  Midr.'Till.'toPs.  IX,  6  "OK  ill  "p-naSTo 
'31  ed.  Bub.  (ed.  *p*nnDa,  corr.  ace.)  this  secret  I  reveal 
to  thee.  Gen.  R.  s.  50 ;  s.  68  '31  'a  "rbaiD  ^"SJ  because  they 
revealed  the  mysteries  of  the  Lord  (Gen.  XIX,  13);  Yalk. 
ib.  84  "p*nnoa.  Gen.  R.  s.  71  'a  "fcsn  secret-keeping,  dis- 
creet men.  Ib.s.  98;  Tanh.Vayhi  8;  Pesik.R.s.21  B^aoa 
(corr.  ace).  Y.  Gitt.  II,  44b  top  'a  3TO  a  secret  letter ;  (Y. 
Sabb.  XII,  end,  13d  'pp'naoa  rfra) ;  a.  fr.— Targ.  Y.  I  Gen. 
XXVIII,  12  "pTDtja  (some  ed.  ",F«pa,  corr.  ace).  Targ.Y. 
Num.  XVI,  26  "papa  (some  ed.  "p^apa,  corr.  ace). — [Gen. 
R.  s.  50;  Yalk.  ib.  84,  v.  ^apa.] 

TApQ  m.  (naO)  slap  in  the  face.  Ex.  R.  s.  15  'a  nap, 
'a  pBO,  v.  "riapa.  Num.  R.  s.  20,  end  '31  1HX  ^atoa  "JW 
he  slapped  one  of  the  boys;  (Tanh.  ed.  Bub.  Balak  30, 
note  175  -iaoa).— V.  "riBOO. 

yntada  CtDtjg,  laaa),  v.  r?**?* 

|1p"''™)'pCD  m.  (jxixjTirjpixov)  of  a  secret  nature.  Y. 
Sabb.  XII,  end,  13d,  v.  ffBtSQ. 

nD"!t20E,  v.  V^B^SO. 

m'Ol2,  f  \U12  (b.  h.)  to  melt,  flow)  to  cause  running 
off,  effect  curdling.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  LXXVIII,  25  K?1U 
ripa^  that  the  manna  might  not  melt. — Denom.  ioa. 

Hif.  fipan  to  cause  to  flow.  Ib.  to  Ps.VI,7  rpp  bTirifi 
'31  inaa  Hpaai  ed.  Bub.  (ed.  nnaai)  he  began  to  weep  and 
make  his  bed  flow  with  (his)  tears;  Yalk.  Ps.  636. 

Pi.  nsa  same,  to  dissolve,  weaken.  Deut.  R.  s.  7  (play 
on  ni&a,T  Deut.  xxix,  2)  '3i  ymta  rrisaa  rvoari  the 
plagues  weakened  the  bodies  of  the  Egyptians;  Yalk. 
ib.  940. 

Nif.  iipas  to  be  melted,  to  fall  away.  Tosef.  Sot.  Ill,  4 
rvpaS  rOT*  her  thigh  will  fall  away. 

"Dp,  fcsOD  ch.same,  to /2om;,  weft  ajeay.Targ.II  Sam. 
XVII,  io  **rr  6aa  (ed.  Wil.  iXfi  Af),  v.  Opa.— Part.  ibB, 
f.  iTpa.  Targ.  O.  Num.  V,  21  (ed.  Vienna  fcTpa  =  fc^paa, 
v.  infra). 

Pa.  "^pa  to  cause  melting,  falling  aivay.  Targ.  Ps. 
XXXIX,  12  tV$g.  Targ.Y.  Num.  V,  22  SOpa^X^paab.— 
Part.  pass.  Kpaa,  ipaa,  f.  &Opa(a),  v.  supra.  Pes.28a  Rashi 
nsaa  xb  is  not  dissolved  in  water,  v.  G^Xa. 

Af.  ^pax same.  Targ.  O. Num.  I.e. ;  a.  e.— Targ. II  Sam. 
1.  e,  v.  supra. 

Ithpe.  hpanx  to  be  melted,  fall  away.  Targ.  Num.  V, 
27.  Targ.  O.Lev.  XXVI,  39  (v.  Da^);  a.  fr.— Targ.Y.  Gen. 
VII,  21  "pannx  (not  nnx ;  h.  text  3W1). 

Ittaf.  K/qtft  same.  Targ.  Ps.  LXXVIII,  6  Ms.,  v.  C^xa. 
Ib.  LXVIII,'  3  Ms.  (ed.  Ithpe.);  a.  fr.  (in  Ms.). 

5tfn<DQ,  Targ.  Is.  Ill,  20  ed.  Lag.,  v.  X^a. 

fc'TOQ  b  x"<&aa,  v.  i&a. 

DnDD,  Targ.Y.  Gen. IV,  8  pBX  'a  some  ed.,  read:  np">a. 

petdo,  arfiPba,  v.  SUb  m 

r      •    :  t  :       •    :  "i 

n"*DQ  f.  (tiaa)  melting,  losing  courage.  Yalk.  Ex. 
251 ;  (Mekh.  B'shall.,  Shir.  s.  9  Ht;i»a). 

NSn1OQ,  v.  rhfBo. 

I^bn,  v.  -jioa. 

JllD^pD  f.  (T^C,  IK/'.  T^Tl  nx  Ipii)  easing  one's 
bowels.  Y.  Yoma  III,  40b  bot.  ns^at)  (corr.  ace),  v.  l&Bn. 

n>nbQ,  TItOU  f.  (b.  h.;  &0  II)  path,  road.  Yalk. 
Deut.T907,  v.  W.— PI.  ni^pa,  '^)pa.  Ber.  59b;  Lev.R.  s. 
23  Dtt'ftpan  0^333  the  planets  on  re-entering  their  peri- 
odical orbits. 

D'1a'1pQ,(Oap'1I3,/p!)Q)  m.  (a  popular  corruption 
of  semissis)  semissis,  a  Roman  value,  equal  to  half  an  as 
or  six  ounces.  Tosef.  B.  Bath.  V,  12  fWnWIp  "TO  '^a  a 
semissis  is  equal  to  two  quadrantes  ;  Kidd.  12a  ^2113  OaOa 
•ppSllalp;  Y.  ib.  I,  58d  "©a  oaSVTlp  "W.— PI.  y&vnqiq, 
ppap^a,  ■pp'^apsia.  Tosef.  1.  e  'D^a  i3U5  1C3^K  an  as  has 
two  semisses ;  Kidd.  1.  e  '^aOia ;  Y.  1.  c.  pDiaiOa. 

OUTDID,  a  species  of  wood,  v.  Oapa  III. 

•^ria^pD,  v.  xnapa. 

2nDQ,  Y.  Taan.  IV,  beg.,  67b,  v.  S*ptt. 

CD^DD  m.  (=:p£t>a;  CfO;  cmp.  GB^pB,  OBP?  with 
which  our  w.  interchanges)  border-mark,  partition  con- 
sisting of  wooden  or  stone  pegs,  contrad.  to  its^na  or  bm3 
partition  wall.  Erub.  72a  (Ms.  O.  twice  DE^OB,  v.Rabb.D. 
S.  a.  1.  note  10),  opp.  to  rTlttJS  ns^tta  a  partition  ten  hand- 
breadths  high.  B.  Bath.  2b  XabS-'B.  'aB  (Ms.  M.  TP^pBB,  v. 
Rabb.  D.  S.  a. Lnote)  where  there  are  only  pegs  as  border 
marks,  opp.  bWO.  Ib.  bot.  'aB  (Ms.  M.  'OB,  emended  'Da). 
Ab.  Zar.  70b ;  Y.  ib.  V,  44d  bot.  'an  nplVnn  "ISM  a  court 
which  is  divided  off  by  mere  marks  (cmp.  "pJflOa).  Tosef. 
Sabb.  VIII  (IX),  22  [read:]  'a  imujsb  ^3)  Var.  ed.  Zuck. 
(ed.  niBlba)  large  enough  to  be  used  for  a  marking  peg. — 
PI.  Tpsppa.  Yalk.  Ex.  422  [read :]  nbiJa^a  nriuss  i^n  'a  -pas 
a  sort  of  marks  were  on  top  (to  distinguish  between  the 
Holy  and  the  Holy  of  Holies;  ib.  370  '31  TWi  "pOBOB  "a=). 




p^D/Q  m.  (pda)  oftue  harvest.  Y.  B.  Bath.  Ill,  Ha  top, 
v.  "WHS  I.  Hall.  Ill,  9  'a  TVn  olives  collected  at  the  regular 
harvest,  opp.  dlp^S  Tl*H  gleanings  (v.  d1p^3ll);  Y.  Maasr. 
V,  51d  top  (not  p^a).  Y.  Yeb.  XV,  14d  'a  d3331  ■ffiCJ  KIT 
when  the  grape-cutting  is  over,  the  olive-harvest  begins; 
a.  e. — V.  np^da. 

p^OQ*  part.  ^/".  of  pd3. 

p"0Q  I  m.  (pd3)  reaching  definite  conclusions,  decid- 
ed.  Hor.  14a,  v.  fiirpp.— V.  pd3;. 

p^OD  II  m.  (pes ;  sub.  d^da  &c.)  owe  who  levies  con- 
tributions, in  gen.  a  Roman  collector,  oppressor  (interch. 
with  p**D).  Tosef.  Ohol.  XVI,  13  (ed.  Zuck.  p^sa);  Y.Pes. 
I,  27c;  (Bab.  ib.  9a,  a.  Ab.  Zar.  42a  '310).  —  PI.  f^fX  B. 
Kam.  X,  5  'a  imbd31  and  government  officers  confiscated 
it.  Ib.  116b  '31  'xa .  /Da  naKI  "jKa  he  who  reads  massikin 
is  not  at  fault,  nor  is  he  who  reads  m'tsikin  (ref.  for  the 
latter  to  pCtO,  Deut.  XXVIII,  57,  for  the  former  to  Chald. 
riNpO  for  bxbx,  ib.  42).  Y.  Sabb.  XVI,  end,  15d  ni03>b  "jSId 
'an  thou  shalt  be  forced  by  the  officers.— Y.  Dem.  VI,  25b 
13125  'an  ",a  it  means  that  he  rented  the  field  from  the  of- 
ficers (who  had  confiscated  it). 

fctj^SOch.  same.-PZ.^piSa.  Targ.  Y.  Deut. XXVIII, 
42  (hJtext  bubs,  v.  B.  Kam.  116b  quot.  in  preced.). 

npnDD  f.  =pida.  Sabb.  17a.— PI.  nipda.  B.Bath. 
36b  'a  UJblD  three  olive-crops. 

"p^p'SD,  v.  Kn^pi'da. 

rFPOC  f.  (*ida)  1)  harnessing,  taking  possession  of 
a  working  animal  by  an  act  resembling  harnessing.  Kidd. 
I,  4,  v.  rndia.  Tosef.  ib.  1, 8  n^diai . .  ib  -ida  'a  K^n  irK 
(ed.  Zuck.  n-Tdlal,  Var.  n")diad)  what  is  m'sirah  ?  He  (the 
seller)  hands  him  (the  buyer)  a  bit  and  he  harnesses  it 
(the  animal);  Kidd.  22b  '31  ninK  'ad  I2£i3  what  is  bim- 
sirah  (Kidd.  I,  4)?    He  seizes  its  hoof,  hair  &c,  a.  fr. — 

2)  handing,  delivery.  Gitt.  9b,  a.  fr.  'a  "ns,  v.  rnd ;  a.  fr.— 

3)  levy.  Cant.  K.  to  IV,  4  (ref.  to  Num.  XXXI,  5)  . .  fi^SttJ 
'ad  .  .  twelve  thousand  men  were  raised  by  levy,  opp. 
Md13d  as  volunteers. 

]"H"pE]  m.  pi.  C*n&)  rebels,  v.  "pj^O. 

TOUD,  STOE,  v.  i*;. 

nnD/2  m.  (rind)  stone-cutler.  Pesik.  S'lih.,  p.  166a; 
Talk.  Num.  744,  v.  00a. 

HC?2  I  (b.  h.;  denom.  of  T^da)  to  temper,  mix  wine 
(cmp.  57a).  Ab.  Zar.  58b,  v.  Ma.  Num.  R.  s.  10  nsda  p 
':i  Eve  mixed  wine  for  Adam.  Ib.  '31  p  d">3dia  V*l  they 
mixed  strong  with  light  wine;  a.  e. 

!]CD  II  (b.  h.;  denom.  of  n3da  I)  to  cast  (metal).  Y. 
Ber.  I,  2d  top;  Gen.  R.  s.  12,  end  T|dia  Ar.  (ed.  Y.  Ber. 
Tjd13 ;  Gen.  R.  psia),  v.  dbia  — [Yalk.  Ex.  165  nsdaa,  read 
foda,  v.  r(id.] 

^'012  m.  (b.  h.;  7|3d  H  to  be  clear;  cmp.  aia)  clarified, 
mixed  drink.  Ex.R.s.42,  end  (play  on  ridda,Ex.XXXII,8) 
'n  Tus>a  Kin©  -y'da  -pa  pn»ap  3"p  the  gold  in  the  calf 

weighed  120  centenaria,  corresponding  to  the  numerical 
value  of  mesekh  (drink)  which  removes  He  (the  Lord, 
i.  e.  leads  to  godlessness). 

rfDQ  m.  (b.  h. ;  Tj3d  I)  web,  screen,  curtain.  Num.R.  s.  6 
'31  *&tt  Tjda  the  curtain  for  the  gate  of  the  court.  Yalk. 
Ex.  372;  a.  e. 

&C&Q,  Sabb.  96b,  v.  Kdd3  III. 

HD0/Q  I  f.  (b.  h.;Tjd3)  molten  image.  Snh.l03b  (play 
on  is/xxviil,  20  '3i  nsdam)  'a  ib  nosn  am  ia  133  d3i3 
n*ix  should  a  molten  image  be  made  a  rival  to  him  'who 
gathers  the  waters  of  the  sea  together  like  heaps'? ;  Num. 
R.  s.  7 ;  Yoma  9b.  Sifra  K'dosh.,  beg.  (idols  are  called)  'a 
d^dld^S  dnttJ  ©":>  massekhah,  because  they  are  cast. 

fDOft  II  f.  (b.  h.;  "3d  I)  web,  garment.  Ex.  R.  s.  42, 
end  (ref!  to  Ex.  XXXII,  8)T'3l  viOa  rYhrtfb  TWbDK  Irtjri  'a 
a  bad  web  have  you  woven  for  future  generations  (follows 
the  Chaldaic  translation). — V.  Fc&a. 

rOOQ  III  (homiletic  play,  =ns  i&a,  v.  *qt$  thus 
healing.  Ex.  R.  s.  42,  end  [read:]  -p  . .  .  Kin  idlld  *,nub 
'31  ',niK  KS"ia  i3K  (v.  "'Enid)  it  is  a  contraction;  the  Lord 
says,  'Shall  I  thus  cure  them?',  as  we  read  (Ex.  XXXII, 
8 — 9):  'They  have  made  themselves  a  molten  calf... 'and 
the  Lord  said  unto  Moses,  I  have  seen  this  people,  and 
behold,  it  is  a  stiffnecked  people'  (i.  e.  it  is  incurable). 

POD,  SD^QQ,  W?tp_,  m\2^012,  v.  i?da, 


"DQ72  m.  (next  w.)  poverty.  Cant.  R.  to  I,  4  (inter- 
preting '13 :dda,  v.  'ddall;  strike  out  nnx  ia*i)  "^ddaa 
nsi13  "pnK  out  of  my  poverty,  we  shall  run  after  thee. 

I^CQ  I  m.  (b.h.;  *|3d  I)  poor  man  /(adj.)  scanty,  scarce; 
trnsf.  mean.  Midr.Prov!  ch.  XXII  T«na  "Jdlda  Kin©  'a  the 
poor  man  is  called  misken,  because  he  is  sparsely  supplied 
with  means  of  livelihood;  Lev.  R.  s.  34  ifD.  KinilJ  i35a 
bdb  he  is  called  misken,  because  he  is  despised  of  all  men 
(ref.  to  Koh.  IX,  16).    Ruth  R.  to  I,  1  (ref.  to  Koh.  1.  c.) 

Kin©  ia  'a  ma  kpk  rrrwi  rrnta  'a  n\n©  »"i  b«  maan  131 

'31  li-imd  ''ltd  was  the  wisdom  of  R.  Akiba  who  was  a 
poor  man  despised?  But  what  does  misken  here  mean? 
One  who  proves  himself  mean  by  his  own  words  (not 
practicing  what  he  preaches) ;  Koh.  R.  to  1.  c.  [read:]  KbK 
lildld  'a  Kin©  n ;  Yalk.  Ruth  598  T*lTO  'al  Kinn  KbK 
WO  (insert  inasn).  Koh.  R.  1.  c.  p30a»1B  to  KbK  'a  -pK 
lildl  (not  "pd&aO)  behold,  a  misken  is  none  but  he  who 
makes  his  words  appear  mean.  Ib'.  to  IX,  15  K"i1p  nabl 
'31  "pKI  ni^dn  ?3d  ''isa  ISiKlU  'a  iniK  and  why  does  the 
text  call  him  (the  good  genius  in  man)  misken  (scarce)  ? 
Because  he  is  rare  among  men,  and  (mean)  because  the 
majority  of  people  do  not  listen  to  him;  ib.  to  IV,  13; 
a.  fr.— Yalk.  ib.  979;  Y'lamd.  to  Num.  XXIV,  5  quot.  in 
Ar.  nmn  ildla  'aO,  read:  Vndld  'affl,  v.  supra.— Denom. 





"{SCQ  II,  TSpD  to  make  poor,  make  contemptible. 
Koh.R.*toIX,  16,v.preced.  Ex.R.s.  1;  Sot.  lla  (play  on 
nfeSOO,  Ex.  I,  11)  "jnipm  nx  ni32022113  (read:  "(TWO)  for 
they  (the  buildings)  impoverish  their  builders;  Yalk.  Ex. 
162  ni330212)  (corr.  ace).  Cant.  R.  to  I,  4  (play  on  i33tf:2, 
ib.)  [read:]  nxro  "pinx  i?i33ea  make  me  (Israel)  poor, 
and  we  shall  run  after  thee  (v.  preced.). 

Ithpa.  "|2c-?nn,  Nithpa.  "j302ri3  to  become  poor.  Sot. 
1.  c.  TKJWO  'pKO  pOWl  P3  whoever  makes  building  his 
business  will  get  poor ;  Yeb.  63a ;  Ex.  R.  1.  c. ;  Yalk.  Ex.  1.  c. 

TSOD,  ND?Ca,  *?C>D,  'DTD  m.  ch.  -  h.  to  i. 

Targ.  Koh.  IV,  13,  sq.  Targ.  0.  beut.  XV,  11 ;  a.  e.— Y. 
B.  Mets.  II,  8C  top  13  U»iX  a  poor  man.  Y.  Peah  VII,  21b 
top;  a.  fr. — PI.  lp?»tJO,  N*?"?02,  "W30j  '*«.  Targ.Y.Deut. 
1.  c.  (notp3~02).  Targ.  Prov.  XXII,  7  ;  a.  e.— Y.PeahLc. 
'2?  5?B1...  3iT  gave  his  son  Samuel  money  to  distribute 
among  the  poor.  Y.  Hag.  II,  77d  bot.;  Y.  Snh. VI,  23c  "jinn 
'31  '2  let  the  poor  come  and  eat  it,  that  it  may  not  go 
to  ruin.  Y.  Sot.  Ill,  19a;  Y.  Peah  VIII,  21a  bot.  .."©I  tffr 
'-2  1X190  . .  used  to  give  him  the  tithes  of  the  poor  every 
third  year;  a.  fr.— Denom. : 

"liCu,  "TSpQ  =l?P^  H,  to  make  poor,  reduce.  Targ. 
Ps.  LVI,  8  (h.'text  1W),  Ib.  XCIV,  5  (h.  text  rt»).  Targ. 
Job  VI,  9  (h.  text  NSW);  a.  e. 

tood,  arTOqa/n?&a,  "na  f^preced.^m^, 

scarcity'.  Targ.T0.  Deut.  Vlil,V(ed.  Vien.  yni*w).  Targ. 
Job  V,  11  "»a  1231X  those  black  from  starvation  (h.  text 
D^-rtp);  a.  e.— Lev.  R.  s.  35';  Pesik.  Shim'u,  p.  117a;  Yalk. 
Lev.  670;  Yalk.  Is.  256  '31  WW?  '2  "W  poverty  is  as  be- 
coming to  Jews  as  a  red  line  on  a  white  horse;  Lev.  R. 
s.  13  rWOSWJ  (read  xni3i302). 

Sr^»D/C  f.  (preced.)  making  poor.  Targ.  Jud.  XIV, 
15.— [Targ.  Ps.  XXXIX,  12,  v.  Xii13D32.] 

rocDqq,  v.  i\t;t>. 

TCDE  f.  (b.  h. ;  Tpo 1)  1)  web  on  the  loom.  Ohol.VIII,  4 
nOTEn  "2  the  spread  web,  i.  e.  the  web  hanging  from  the 
transverse  beam  (vestis  pendens,  v.  Sm.  Ant.  s.  v.  Tela). 
Kel.  XXI,  1  'an  U5S3  the  woof,  opp.  to  lEW  inil)  the  warp 
of  the  standing  loom.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  XXXVIII ;  Yalk. 
Ps.  733  '31  '2rt  13X  we  are  the  web,  and  Thou  the  weaver ; 
a.  e.— 2)  (crop.  Lat.  textus)  construction,  Talmudic  treatise. 
Ruth  R.  to  II,  9  (play  on  7(5>:j,  II  Sam.  XXIII,  16)  MjttBS 
'31  ns3p1  '2  (not  XH302)  he  (David)  constructed  it  and 
fixed  it  as  a  rule  for  future  generations  that  the  king 
forces  the  road  &c.  (v.  Snh.  II,  4);  Midr.  Sam.  ch.  XX;  Y. 
Snh.  II,  20c  top.  Sabb.  114a,  v.  H^O;  a.  ix.  —  Pl.  niP302. 
Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  CIV,  25  '31  131  'art  IPX  those  are  the 
systematic  collections  of  Bar  K.  &c.  Num.  R.  s.  18  DH2UJ 
'2  sixty  Talmudic  treatises  [editions,  however,  count  sixty- 
three]  ;  TanK  Korah  12;  Cant.  R.  to  VI,  9  (not  nm  . . .); 
a.  fr. 

XPCOD  ch.  same,  text,  treatise  &c.   Snh.  49a  rrnSH 

t    :  v   -  » 

'23  1FJP  a  legal  subject  had  just  been  opened  for  them 

(for  discussion,  and  he  would  not  disturb  them).  Hor.  101' 
'31  *|?B  '2  *pn2ip1X  have  you  put  up  such  and  such  a  web, 
i.  e.  have  you  mastered  this  and  that  subject? 

Jl^pQ,  v.  rbyq. 

fcrbCQ  m.php)rejectable,  drossy.  Targ.  Prov. XXVI, 
23  ^XBOS  (h.  text  OiJPO  C]03). 

POp  x02  m.  (v.  PObo)  hair-dresser.  Lam.  R.  to  1, 15 
(expl.T nVp,  ib.)  [read:]  '•prmx  IWMPa  JSffl  pi023  "|p"iD 
'2  np1102P  he  combed  them  (carded  their  skins)  with 
an  (iron)  comb,  for  in  Arabia  they  call  the  hair-comber 

N72pD,  HElpP  f.  (K»6)  closing  a  cavity,  '2  ",3X,  v. 
•|3X.  Nidd.  69b  '2  pio  when  the  apparent  corpse  lies  on 
a  stone  under  which  there  is  a  cavity;  Sabb.  82b  (Ms.  M. 
X2012,  v.Rabb.  D.  S.  a.l.  note).  Sifra  M'tsora, Zab., Par. 2, 
ch.  Ill;  a.  fr. 

D^QOQ,  v.  0202111. 

DjQOQ  I  (v.  002)  to  melt,  dissolve. 

Nithpa.  0202H3  to  be  molten,  to  be  in  a  state  of  dis- 
solution or  liquefaction.  Hull.  45b,  v.  Tata,  Ib.53b  "nann  '3 
if  (in  one  spot  of  an  animal  known  to  have  been  attacked 
by  a  beast  of  prey)  the  flesh  appears  decayed;  ib.  isiri 
'3 i2*i  what  do  you  mean  by  'decayed'  (Answ.)  XBilhlU  P3 
'31  what  a  physician  would  peel  off,  until  he  comes  on 
sound  flesh ;  ib.  77a  OaOam  Y.  Ter.VIII, 46a  top  10202ni312J 
ri^sa  h33  (a  melon)  the  core  of  which  is  liquefied. 

DQDQ  ch.  same,  1)  to  melt,  make  faint.  Targ.Y.Deut. 
I,  28  101202  (not  "pi202;  h.  text  102(1).— Y.  Shek.V,48d 
SOS2  02022  "ran  pi  nfi  Bab.  ed.  (v.Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  p.  43 ; 
oth.  ed.  020;  Ms.  M.  120)  which  wine  loosens  the  bowels. 
—2)  to  soil,  make  loathsome.  Hull.  18a  xniB3  nip  012022 
the  authority  soils  the  meat  with  dung,  so  that  it  can- 
not be  sold  &c— Part.  pass.  D2O22.  Ib.  28a  rTOTp  '22  13 
5*21  its  throat  stained  with  blood;  ib.  53b. 

Ithpa.  02D2piX  to  be  dissolved,  melt  away,  perish. 
Targ.  Job  IX,  23  (h.  text  Pi*0). 

&Q0Q  II  (cmp.  ttJ2U32)  1)  to  press,  squeeze.  —  Part. 
pass.  020122  mashed,  shapeless.  Num.  R.  s.  14  (play  on 
nin2u:2T,  koh.  XII,  10)  rvha  on  01020122  oixxiionm  rwwa 

'31  when  they  (the  words  of  the  Law)  come  out  disfigured, 
they  are  bitter  (drops)  to  those  who  hear  them;  v.  02 1; 
Y.  Snh.X,  28a  bot— Nidd.  24a  (p02012)  Dip20l2  liSBID  12 
(=  '122)  a  foetus  whose  face  is  mashed,  contrad.  to  flim'J, 
v.  niO  I.  —  2)  (cmp.  "pax)  to  press,  urge,  esp.  (of  medical 
treatment)  to  sustain  vital  energies.  Gen.  R.  s.  82  ~p 
'31  nu3S3  p02022  this  is  the  way  they  stimulate  the  vital 
energy  of  the  travailing  woman;  (Yalk.  ib.  136  p3HD2); 
Yalk.  Is.  263  rWlfi  HX  p02021tf  (corr.  ace). 

DDpQ  ch.  same,  1)  to  press,  squeeze.  Hull.  4a02022 
101202  fii?  he  holds  the  bird's  head  closely  in  his  hand 
(so  that  no  mark,  if  there  was  any  on  it,  could  be  rec- 




ognized). — 2)  to  stimulate,  sustain  strength.  Yeb.  42b 
'31  PP&  MKMCWU  she  may  sustain  the  child's  strength  with 
eggs  and  milk  (replacing  the  mother's  milk). 

Ithpa.  OaOOPiK,  "a^x  to  be  squeezed,  mashed.  Y.  Yeb. 
VIII,  9a  top;  Y.  Sabb.  XIX,  17a  bot.  [read :]  in  rrt  T&T* 
WW  nn  Oaoa"a  T3  10  a  son  was  born  to  him  with  his 
membrum  mashed,  and  he  died. 

OECE  III,  C"ECE  m.  (v.  Oaca  I)  po/wAed  wood, 
prob.  (=5.13::  x,  cmp.  1*0)  coral-wood.  Hag.  26 b  'a  iba  Ms. 
M.  (some  ed.  C"aoa,  read  O^aOa;  Ar.  OO'Oa)  vessels  of 
pohshed  wood,  opp.  to  Diaboatnto;  Men.  97a.— [Kidd.  12a 

Z"Z",  v.  6VW.] 

hcece,  v.  nz?z-2H. 

T     T      :      ~  T   T    :    -  -: 

&CDECE,  Targ.  Ez.  XLIH,  14  Ar.,  v.  Wffijba. 

"iECE  m.  (b.  h.  only  in  pi.;  130)  1)  a  pointed  object, 
nail,  pin.  Sabb.  VI,  10  (67a)  aibsn  fQ  'a  (Y.  ed.  3&ttl  '2) 
a  nail  from  the  gallows  of  an  impaled  convict  (used  as 
an  amulet).  Kel.  XII,  4  r~i;n  "a  the  blood-letter's  pin  (v. 
infra) ;  rYCffBtl  "3X  Vl)  'a  the  style  of  the  sun-dial ;  ''Will  '33 
the  weaver's  pin.  lb.  5  'SI  tPprtTtt  tJ;  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Mets. 
II,  14  'ai  lapSHJ  '73  an  iron  pin  which  was  bent  in  order 
to  be  used  as  a  key.  Kel.  1.  c.  "W&ID  bllJ  'a  the  banker's 
pin  for  fastening  the  shutters,  v.  D*"W.— Num.  R.  s.  14  83*18 ' - 
HMJlttJ  lb  a  nail  which  has  abig  knob. — Tosef. Kel. B.  Mets. 

IV,  3  '31  13  DSin  tWtA  '33  HTX13  niUSTB  bpa  a  staff  to  the 
end  of  which  a  pin  was  attached  for  the  sake  of  taking 
hold  of  the  threshing  floor  (of  making  it  stationary) ;  ib. 

V,  10.  Ib.B.  Bath.  VII,  2  '=1  V»  'an  Bin  the  builder's  cord 
to  which  a  pin  is  attached  (i.  e.  plumb-line).  Ib.  B.  Mets. 
II,  11  SJTW1  "a  the  scraper's  pin  (fastened  to  the  smith's 
block);  a.  iv.—Pl.  tfnotjtj,  }'fyJQti,  nilapa.  Gen.  R.  s.  68, 
end.  B.  Bath.  7b  '53  na  rap  drive  nails  into  it,  i.  e.  re- 
member it  well.  Tosef.  Kel.B.  Mets.  II,  11  nVott)  "flWl  nbia 
'"3  a  store-keeper's  bowl  (?)  studded  all  over  with  nails. 
Tanh.  B'haal.  15  (ref.  to  Koh.  XII,  11)  13X1  rtTlOBjaa  3TO 
'al  'a  "piip  it  is  written  k'mishm'roth  (like  guards)  and  we 
read  Wmasm'roth  (like  nails)  to  teach  thee,  if  thou  drivest 
them  like  a  nail  into  thy  heart,  they  will  guard  thee; 
Num.  R.  s.  4.  Esth.  R.  to  VI,  10  '731  D^bsn  .  .  .  ">3X  I  pre- 
pared for  tbee  ropes  and  nails  (for  impaling) ;  a.  fr.— 2)  (pi.) 
cloves.  Num.  R.  1.  c.  D*WB3  '732  ...  "pair  as  sweet  to  their 
hearers  as  cloves. — 3)  a  peg-shaped  attachment  to  a  loaf, 
knob.  T'bul  Yom  I,  3  I33n  mxr  *a  the  knob  on  the 
back  of  the  loaf  (supposed  to  serve  as  trade-mark). — 
4)  a  wart  or  corn  (cmp.  Lat.  clavus).— PL  r&VtSQ.  Sifra 
Thazr.  Neg.,  Par.  1,  ch.  II  '7311;  Tosef.  Neg.II,  IS  tTKOOon 

lECE,  cOECE  ch.  same,  pin,  nail.  Targ.  Y.  Num. 
XXV,T3.'— Y.  Hag.  IH,  beg.  78d  '21  '73  in  3^03  mi  in  '» 
each  took  one  nail  and  drove  it  in.  Y.  Pes.  V,  32b  top 
[read:]  X13033  -p3>  swap  xn  let  this  be  fixed  in  thy 
memory  like  a  nail;  Y.  Yeb.  XHI,  13c  top  niaO">aa  (corr. 
ace.) ;  a.  e. — PI.  "-a--,  Rvns&a,  W*1 .  .  .  Targ.  Jer.  X,  4 ; 
a.e.— Y.  B.  Bath.  II,  13bbot.  [read:]  ffrub  'pV'K  ftUili 
n*bl131  '73  refused  to  one  another  the  fastening  of  the 
weaver's  pin  to  the  party  wall. — [Xixca,  v.  1730.] 

rH12D12  f.  wart  or  corn,  v.  1730a  h.,  end. 

NFlECE  f.  (D10)  one  of  the  marked-off tiers  or  settles 
of  the  altar  (v.  Midd.  IH,  1).  Targ.  Ez.  XLIH,  14;  17  (ed. 
Lag.  '73ip73  a.  '73073 ;  ed.  Wil.  first  time  xnanpa,  Ar.  xroaOa ; 
corr.  ace. ;  h.  text  niTS). 

"jOE,  WOE  m-  (v-  *»X0a)  8hoe-  TarS-  °-  Gen- XIV' 
23.  Targ.  Ez.  XVI,  10;  a.  fr.— Lam.  R.  to  1,5  rT*r<1  'a  m 
one  of  his  shoes;  "jlT!  '73  in  the  other  shoe;  a.  e. — Kidd. 
22b  bot.  "WOTS  (prob.  to  be  read:  "^XDT?)  my  shoe.  —  PI. 
y:073,  X*3C3.  Targ.  Josh.  IX,  5  (ed.  Wii.  13073).  Targ.  Is. 
IH,"  18  (h.text  0^032?).— Hebr.  pi.  O^Spa.  Y.  Pes.  X,  beg. 
37b,  v.  brfis. 

S3  QE>  v.  next  w. 

fcO^Q^  m-  C\\Z>)  pure  gold.  Targ.  Is.  XIII,  12  (ed.  Wil. 
X3pa;  ed'.  Lag.  n330a;  h.  text  Ona). 

ni2pD  f.  ("|30)  strainer;  the  strained  mass.  Sabb. 
XX,  2  (139b)  blin  ?72J  'a  a  mustard  mixture  in  the  strainer 
(v.  Rashi  a.  1.).  Ib.  134a  lbtt  'aa  .  . .  "pSDa  "pK  you  must 
not  strain  a  mustard  mixture  (on  the  Holy  Day)  in  the 
strainer  designated  for  it. 

NFOOE  *  (preced.)  sieve,  basket.  Y.  Dem.  H,  21d 
bot.  Ib.  X3X03  (corr.  ace.). 

CCE  (b.  h.)  to  melt,  dissolve. 

Nif.  0733,  0733,  eia"1?,  OB"1?  to  melt,  be  liquefied;  to  fall 
away;  to  faint;  to  despair.  Ex.R.  s.  25  ipOlEr?  (Var.  TpE^) 
they  faint.  Yalk.  ib.  251  "p0733  iVWtfl  they  began  to  lose 
heart;  Mekh.  B'shall.,  Shir.,  s.  9  Danb.  Deut.  R.  s.  1,  end 
'21  13*1?  or^Pi  may  this  man's  (thy)  eye  run  out.  Maasr. 
I,  2  lOXTTEa  0"aiain  pomegranates  are  subject  to  tithes 
when  their  core  becomes  pulpy;  expl.  Y.  ib.  48"  bot. 
'21 baiX  1573^71373  (cmp.  0730a  II)  when  the  eatable  portion 
(core)  can  be  mashed  under  one's  fingers;  [anoth.  definition 
taking  our  w.  in  the  sense  of  falling  away,  diminution; 
nsno  tFXSMBQ  when  the  ripening  core  is  reduced  to  half 
the  capacity  of  the  cavity, — upon  which  the  remark  is 
made,  1333?  ",ia?S  .  .  .  10an  . . .  Xab^l  perhaps  he  learned 
it  from  the  homiletical  teachers  who  interpret  hemassu 
&c.  (Deut.  I,  28),  they  divided  our  hearts  (an  allusion  to 
Num.  R.  s.  17)]. 

Hif.  can  to  cause  to  melt  aicay.  Deut.  R.  s.  2,  beg. 
(ref.  to  Ps.  xxxix,  12)  'ai  nnix  npan  . .  man  ba  (not 
mix)  all  the  delight  which  Moses  longed  for,  to  enter 
the  land, — thou  hast  caused  it  to  decay  as  a  moth  enters 
garments  and  makes  them  decay.  V.  npa. 

CCE  ch.  same.  Targ.  II  Sam.  XVH,  10  ^Oa^  Oaa(ed. 
Lag.  "<ca  Xca73),  v.  "ra. 

Ithpe.  ccanx  to  melt,  decay.  Targ.  Ps.  LXXV,  4.  — 
[0133X,  v.  D^xa.] 

DCS  m.  stomach,  v.  coan. 

^COE,  v.  xcsoa. 

T    T   .-  T       t  - 

&O1T300G,  v.  absitaoioa. 




3?©Q  m.  (b.  h.;  SD3)  removal ;  journey ;  station.  Cant.  111,6  'ab  'aa  from  station  to  station; — ■K.tYlSfcO 
{fern.).  Snh.  94b  '31  503  'a  *WS  that  wicked  man  (Senna- 
cherib) marched  ten  journeys  in  thatone  day;Yalk.Is.284. 
Tanh.  B'midb.2  ,aa*,!T3S'  n:*31  and  it  (the  well)  went  with 
them  on  their  journeys;  Num.  R.  s.  1.  Tosef.  R.  Hash. 
Ill  (II),  3  "031  and  the  signal  for  marching  (Num.X,  2-8); 
a.  fr.— Pesik.R.  s.  16  tnsoan  the  marches  in  the  desert.— 
[Tosef.  R.  Hash.  II  (I),  2  niSOa,  nvsoa,  v.  rtWtfflB.] 

"T^DO  m.  (ISO)  assistant,  attendant.  —  PI.  D^SOa. 
Par.  Ill,  6  tyngbO  b31  n-iB  the  red  cow  and  all  her  at- 

nT2DD,  v.  rwtea 

"I9DQ  m.  (b.  h.)  =  1Bpn.  Lam.  R.  introd.  (R.  Joh.  1) 
'a  "plttjip  D3b  na  why  do  you  compose  these  lament- 
ations?, v.  IBpn. 

1DCQ,  HSpn,  fcHSpD  ch.  same.  Targ.  Gen.  L, 
10.  Targ.Y.  Deut.  X,  6  ;Ta.  e'.— P^.  VfiJ^OO.  Targ.  Am.  V, 
16  (ed.  Lag.  a.  oth.  sing.). 

rnpspa  v.  npnj?. 

fcT^SpQ  m.  ^SO)  fearfulness.  Targ.  Job  XLI,  17  (Ms. 
'B^pa;  h.'text  nfeJ).'  lb.  XXXI,  23  (ed.  Lag.  WO]  Ms. 
Var.  X^Ep;  h.  text  «*$). 

pBDl2,  "lQ  m.  (pEO  II;  v.  pEO)  s£mi£,  dilemma;  dif- 
ficulty. V.  Sot.' in,  i9a  hot.  nni-ian  nin  '72b  nass  fte'ten 
she  placed  herself  in  such  a  dilemma  (to  be  suspected  of 
adultery  and  to  have  to  drink  the  waters  of  jealousy). 

Y.  Gitt.  VIII,  49c  bot.  'si  hin  "iab  -jass  o^snb  n'wi  na 
what  was  thy  reason  for  taking  such  a  responsibility  (by 
deciding  in  favor  of  a  lenient  opinion)? — Esth.  R.  to  11,3 
ran  'an  "H^b  ISO  they  (the  Persian  matrons)  came  to 
that  trouble  (to  have  to  compete  with  all  maidens  of  the 
country) ;  a.  e. 

NpSpQ,  Hp^CD  m.  (pSOU)  1)  sufficiency.  Y.Ber. 
IV,  8aTtbp  [read:]T  \ttMa  warm  verm  Kin  b3b  'a  -jb  rrw 
3*ou  have  enough  material  for  each  Divine  Name  out  of 
them  (the  combined  benedictions);  Y.  Taan.  II,  65c  top.— 
2)  Pa.  of  pEO,  q.  v. 

")9CE  m.(b.h.;iEO)  number,  count.  Cant.  R.  to  VI,  9 
(ref.  to  II  Sam.  XXIV,  9)  '31  p3an  nt  'a  mispar  means 
counting,  mifkad,  summing  up.  Pesik.  R.  s.  11  'a  Vn  they 
were  a  limited  number;  'an  xbttJ  innumerable;  a.  fr. 

HSCQ,  SHBpQ  m.(lEp)  tool  for  cutting  hair,  razor, 
scissors.  TargT  6.  Num.  VI,  5.  Targ.  Ez.  V,  1  (not  'Da); 
a.  e.— Snh.  96a  'a  "4  inn  (Ms.  F.  xn"]Bpa)  give  me  a  razor; 
ib.  XHIBOa  n^P  13m ;  Yalk.  Is.  276  NiSOa. 

Dn1^BpD,  D";"^SpQ  m.  du.  (preced.)  shears,  scis- 
sors. Kel.  XVI,  8  'al  niBOa  pV\  the  sheath  of  a  shearing 
knife  or  of  scissors.  Y.  M.  Rat.  Ill,  82a  top  'aa  with  scis- 

sors,  "pO  a.  msoa;  Bab.  ib.  17b;  a.e.— [Tosef. 
Kel.  B.  Mets.  IV,  5  D'nBOa  ed.  Zuck.,  read  S^a^a.] 

nnDpQi  rniSCTj  f.  (preced.)  shearing  knife,  clip- 
ping tool  Kel.  XVI.8,  v.  preced.  M.  Kat.  17b,  a.  e.,  v. 
preced.  Kel. XIII,  1  (Maim.  '1B0a,ed.Dehr.niB0a).  Tosef. 
ib.  B.  Mets.  Ill,  4  B^plB  bo  'a  shears  consisting  of  sep- 
arable blades;  Sabb.48b;  58b  'IBOa.  Tosef.  Bets,  ill,  19, 
v.  ISO;  a.  e. 

-    T  ' 

srnD&a  f.,  v.  iBoa. 

t    :  -     :   -       '  T  ••  ~ 

p'OlZ  (denom.  of  a  noun  pOa,  fr.  p03  to  ascend)  to 
harvest  olives,  opp.  to  C]p3  to  pick,  glean.  Tosef.  Dem. 
VI,  6  ts^nn  pioab  mm  .  .  .  ba-ptfJ  biOa-1  if  an  Israelite 
rented  from  a  fellow  Israelite ...  his  olive  trees  for  harvest- 
ing, the  rent  to  be  payable  in  olives;  ",aiB3  pICab  Wn 
payable  in  oil;  Y.  ib.  VI,  25b  top.  Neg.  II,  4  '31  poia3  in 
the  position  of  one  taking  olives  down.  Tosef.  Toh.  X,  4 
1pTDa  xblT  IS  before  he  plucked  them ;  a.  f r.— Part.  pass. 
plOa;  pi.  "ppioa.  Tosef.  B.  Mets.  IX,  1.  —  Denom.  pica, 

p©72  part.  Af.  of  p03T. 

SfJOD  m.  (p03)  ascent— PI.  ppoa.  Lev.R.s.  18 ;  Koh. 
R.  to  XII,  5;  v.  Krvnirra. 

N3SP&D,  v.  at3pca. 

t      It     :   -  T'T  1 " 

DIpDD,  Y.  Bice.  Ill,  65d,  v.  OlpOai. 

SDppQ  m.  (pes)  1)  ascent,  height,  steps.  Targ.  I  Sam. 
IX,  11  (ed.  Lag.  UOXppa).  Targ.  Is.  XXXVIII,  8;  a.  e.— 
2)  final  result,  upshot.  Meg.  I4b  "Wh  "Wl  'al  and  so  it 
finally  came  to  pass. 

"j^ppD,  v.  txrnpioa. 

SiHppQ  f.  pi.  (preced.  wds.)  going  up,  procession. 
Targ.IIChr.  IX,  4. 

HDQ  (b.  h. ;  sec.  r.  of  10X,  cmp.  meanings  of  b.  h.  150) 
1)  to  seize  (v.  Num.  XXXl/5).  —Denom.  ni^ea  1.— 2)  to 
hand  over;  to  deliver,  transmit.  Ab.  I,  1  '31  S'lOal  and 
handed  it  (the  Law)  over  to  &c.  (in  the  chain  of  tradi- 
tion). B.  Mets.  8b  (expl.  ni^pia)  '31  131  Ipian  tfM/Q  like 
one  handing  over  (giving  possession)  &c.  Ib.  lllbbot. 
(expl.  1ES3  nx  Kffl3,  Deut.  XXIV,  15)  11TB3  nkS  10aC  131 
■rfss  Ms.  M.  (ed.  "lOian,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  a  labor 
for  which  he  binds  (obligates)  himself;  [oth.  explan.]  ib. 
112a  nn^ab  laSXS  nx  'a  (Ms.  M.  Vb&  1U5E3  lb  'a)  he  deliver- 
ed himself  to  death,  i.  e.  risked  his  life ;  (Ms.  M.  for  which 
he  surrendered  his  life  to  the  employer) ;  Sifre  Deut.  279 
11I3B3  nx  -]h  'a  he  surrendered  his  life  to  thee  (the  em- 
ployer) ;  a.  v.  fr. — bs  "pi  'a  to  surrender  one's  case  against 
a  man  (to  Providence);  v.  yw.  B.  Kam.  93a;  R.  Hash.  16b; 
a.  e.— Esp.a)  to  surrender  a  person  to  the  authorities,  to  in- 
form against.  Gitt.  7anlobab  D^pab  "vfai  it  is  in  my  power 
to  bring  them  to  judgment  through  the  (Roman)  govern- 
ment. Tosef.  Ter.VIl,  20  '31  *npa-;  xbl  cbl3  'BWi  let  them 



all  suffer  death  rather  than  surrender  one  Israelite  &c. ;  a. 
fr. — V.*rtea. — b)ios?'o  (sub.  ttrrob)  to  suffer  martyrdom. 
Pes.  53 h  '31  rmvip  b?  ,ya»  -TWOO  who  were  ready  to  suffer 
death  for  thesanctification  of  the  Name  (of  the  Lord).  Talk. 
Ex.  182  '=1  n-^r  PWfaan  IWW  a  people  that  is  ready  to 
die  for  the  unity  of  my  Name;  a.  fr. — Part.  pass.  "WOp; 
f.  rTIWO;  pi.  D^KDO,  "p-flC";  HV'WOU.  Kidd.  32b;  B.  Mete. 
58°  '21  3%  '~r;  "ai  to  an  injunction  which  is  entrusted 
to  the  heart  (over  which  human  authorities  have  no 
control),  the  Text  adds,  'and  thou  shalt  be  afraid  of  thy 
God.'  Mekh.  Ki  Thissa  (ref.  to  035,  Ex.  XXXI,  14)  C33 
raaA  'o  =rx  "XI  '_  r-r  the  Sabbath  is  given  in  your 
charge,  but  you  are  not  surrendered  to  the  Sabbath,  i. 
e.,  there  are  higher  objects  for  which  the  Sabbath  law 
must  eventually  be  violated;  Toma  85b;  a.  fr. 

Nif.  IOCS  to  be  delivered,  transmitted.  Num.  B.  s.  4 
IfftjU  TO  ri~~"C5  the  birth-right  (priesthood)  was  trans- 
ferred to  him.  B.  Kam.  82b  WTO  D^Op:  "p»  they  will 
not  be  given  into  your  hands,  you  will  have  no  power 
over  them;  Men.  64b.  Y.  Yoma  III,  40d  bot.  Tsoa  rrn  xb 
'31  it  (the  pronunciation  of  the  Tetragrammaton)  was 
not  communicated  to  any  but  &c. ;  a.  fr. 

ICE,  ("iDC)  I  ch.  same.  Targ.  Gen.  XXXIX,  8. 
Targ.  Am.  I,  6.  "Targ.  O.  Deut.  XXIV,  15;  a.  fr.— Part, 
pass,  "-tr:;  f.  X--CO;  pi.  "TCP;  rT<&U  Targ.  Num.  in,  9; 
a.  fr.— [Targ.  Y.  II  Gen.  XVI,  5  ym  Y*n&0,  a  corrupt., 
prob.  to  be  read:  ~2"  PFHtXO;  cmp.  B.  Kam.93a.] — B.  Mets. 
8b  -:p"b"i  n-*r  la  xp  "XO  who  is  there  to  deliver  it  to  him, 
that  he  might  take  possession?  Y.  Yoma  III,  40d  bot.  X3X 
"tt  ITff  ICO  I  will  transmit  it  (the  pronunciation  of  the 
Tetragrammaton)  to  you.  Koh.  B.  to  III,  11  [read:]  rvx 
f"P;  "riDUtCl  533  13  "OH  is  there  a  person  here  to  whom 
I  might  communicate  it?;  ICO"';  "rX  ~-  when  he  was 
about  to  communicate  it.  Kidd.  12b  '3*1  X3HV2  "ni  who 
enters  a  protest  against  his  own  letter  of  divorce.  Ber. 
20a  '31  TIT«Blfl  -ICO  Xp  TBI  were  ready  to  suffer  martyr- 
dom for  the  sanctification  of  the  Name ;  '31  "iJ^OO  X3  OX 
we  are  not  ready  to  suffer  &c. ;  a.  fr. 

Ithpe.  ~3"rN,  "ico*X  to  be  surrendered,  transmitted ; 
to  surrender  one's  self.  Targ.  Lev.  XXVI,  25.  Targ.  Ps. 
LXXIX,  11 ;  a.  e.— Gitt.  66b  "-CO"; ;  29a  ","lCBO,  v.  x'^O  II. 
Snh.  26a  ""CO"*;  have  decided  to  surrender  (to  capitulate). 
Koh.  E.  1.  c.  ico-o  rrb  "iCO^o  rP&S  bop  xbl  (some  ed. 
!"pb  ico^ob)  he  declined  to  have  the  Tetragrammaton 
transmitted  to  him  (v.  Y.  Yoma  1.  c). 

"1C/Q  II,  Pa.  ")®/2  (denom.  of  tf-C-a)  to  saw.   Targ. 
Is.  XLIV,  13.  Targ.  II  Sam.  XII,  31  (ed.  Wil.  ICO);  Targ. 
:  Chr.  XX,  3  (ed.  Eahm.  IXOO).— Part.  pass.  iCpp.  Targ. 
Kings  VII,  9. 

i&O  m.  (b.  h.  "riap;  ic:)  a  tool  with  rough  edges  or 
teeth,  file,  sate.   Sabb.  XVII,  4  bTOJl  'o  saw  for  cutting 

rood.  Kel.  XXI,  3 ;  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Bath.  I,  8  'O  ?ttJ  ",030 
iinan  the  frame  of  the  saw.  Y.  Succ.  Ill,  53c  bot.  'O  "pOS 

saves  serrated  like  a  saw,  v.  b*p;  Tosef.  ib.  II,  7;  Bab.  ib. 
J4a  'ob  no*,1.  Gen.  B.  s.  6;  Midr.  Sam.  ch.  IX,  V.1C3;  Ex. 
B.  s.  5  '03  (Var.  lpep3);  a.  e. 

811  p-\Ct 

^"lD!2  ch.  same.  Targ.  Is.  X,  15  (ed.Wil.  X^Cp).— PI. 
•,^0O.  Targ.  I  KingsVn,  9.  Targ.  II  Sam.  XII, Vl ;  Targ. 
I  Chr.  XX,  3  (ed.  Bahm.  7-XC-). 

S3"j0/2,  vl.  ?0"IOO,  v.  isrco. 

T    •   t    I     *         '-it:7  't:-: 

'  2  ]Cu  pr.  n.  m.  M'sarbay,  by-name  of  the  family 
of  Jojarib.  Y.  Taan.  IV,  68d  '31  xn^i  "ICO  'O  he  was  sur- 
named  M.,  because  he  surrendered  the  Temple  to  the 
enemy ;  13  irnoi  rraUJ  bs . .  3"nri  rT\ . .  the  Lord  went  into 
judgment .  .  .  because  they  rebelled  against  him. 

■)£■]&£,  MSIM  m.  (3^0 1)  rebellious.  Targ.  Ps. 
LXXVIII,  8  (ed.  Lag.  pmBO,  Var. ■pltJO ;  ed.Wil. "POIOO 
{pi.  followed  by  sing.  TO-IO;  Ms.  ynmoo).  Targ.  Is! 
LXV,  2. 

""HOE,  v.  vv/n. 

N2n  [CD  m.  (crro)  1)  impatient,  impetuous.  Targ. 
Prov.  XXI,  5  (h.  text  "l/X).  —  2)  rebellious.— PI.  fOrnoO; 
Targ.  Y.  Deut.  XXXI,  27.  Targ.  Ps.  LXVI,  7  ed.  Will  (ed. 
Lag.  fOfrngo;  Ms.  "plISTiCO;  h.  text  d"n")0). 

"  JS3n  I^D  adv.  (preced.)  impetuously.  Targ.  Prov. 
XXV,  8  (h.:  text  nno). 

"prncQ,  v.  -,3-ico. 

It-::-;'  '  r  ■.  -  ■. 

■pnirnpa,  pirr^Dp,  v.  ^meo. 

n5l"lOQ,  Y.  Ned.  VII,  beg.  40b  mblbsi  "o,  a  corrupt. 
for",:^_s;3-3"2  m.(|xeXi!J!j6cpuXXov,  cmp.Syr.'pVslSlccbno, 
",V31SlCi3"o,  P.  Sm.2025;  2091)  Melissophyllon,melissa  or 
baum,  an  herb  (v.  Sm.  Ant.  s.  v.);  v.  XTsppn. 

pTlCD,  v.  pioo. 

np1"|pI3  m.  (pno  II)  hair-comber.  Lam.  B.  to  I,  15, 

v.  nbcbpp." 

?|n"!tDQ,  v.  rpq-g. 

^IDD,  v.  ttpTnop. 

ISrPlfcE,  v.  xrvico. 

H"1CD  m.  (tj'TO ;  v.  T("]0  I)  band  with  which  the  saddle 
is  fastened  around  the  ass'  belly.  Tosef.  Sabb.  IV  (V),  2 
fa'TOOTl  rx  llEp^  xbttJ  (v.  ed.  Zuck.  note)  he  must  not  tie 
his  band ;  Sabb.  53a  13"l0O3  13  -nUJpi  xb'iJ  Ms.  M.  (ed. 

",31-iCO  13,  read:  13i-cp);    Y.  ib.  V,  7b  bot.  "OillOon  rx 
(read:  i3"^optt). 

p")CI2  m.  (p^D  II)  1)  comb,  strigil.  Kel.  XIII,  8  bE  'a 
*,nilPB  hackle  for  flax.  Ib.  7 ;  T'bul  Yom  IV,  6  TK1  bo  'O 
hair-comb ;  a.  e.— Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.  IV,  4  pn  13  V3W3  rO 
(an  iron)  comb  to  which  a  sting  is  attached  (an  instrument 
of  torture  cmp.  ba*iQ).-  2)  an  indented  attachment  to  a  vessel 




orairfantkc.  Ib.  9  'an  Vs  "flan  rtUJ^IU  a  lamp-chain  is  con- 
sidered as  joined  to  'the  comb'.  Kel.  II,  8  "IISIS  bttJ  'a; 
Tosef.  ib.  B.  Kam.  II,  8  pTiDa,  v.  "Wn*  Ukts.  II,  3  'an 
the  crown  of  a  pomegranate.  —  PL  nip^pa.  Ber.  61b,  a. 
e.  VrO  ^11)  'a  iron  combs  for  flaying,  v.  supra. 

Sp""lpQ,  "H^?  Oh.  same.  Ber.  18b  ^J^pa  my  comb. 
— PL  T?"»Pa,  1T?**J9.  Gitt.  57bfc6nB*l  'an  with  iron  combs, 
v.  preced.;  Lam.  R.  introd.  (R.  Josh.  2);  II,  2  "ppiICa 
(not  "Jip. . .);  Koh.  R.  to  III,  16  XplDa  (sing.) 

rnDQ  f.  (b.  h.  Pntoa;  v.  -ip3)  a  mowM  /or  frying  a 
batter  (albn),  in  gen.  paw.  Hall.  I,  4  'an  nbn  Ms.  M.  (ed. 
'ban)  cake  formed  in  the  mould;  Pes.  37a;  expl.  ib.  Blbn 
'31  bU)  home-made  /iaJui  (v.  oVn  I).  Y.  Hall.  I,  57d,  v. 
KB^H  III.   Y.  Pes.  II,  29b  hot. 

SripD,  '"HOD  oh.  same.  Targ.  II  Sam.  XIII,  9  (ed. 
"Wil.  '"npa).  Targ. "Lev.  II,  5  (also  "npa;  h.  text,  nana). 
Targ.  Ez.  IV,  3.   Targ.  I  Chr.  IX,  31  (h.  text  ffVOn). 

2tf FTpQ,  v.  wanton. 

n©D  f.  constr.  (b.  h.;  v.  next  w.)  as  much  as,  in  ac- 
cordance with.  Hag.  8a  (ref.  to  Deut.  XVI,  10)  . .  laVa  'a 
'31  inJPjn  fcOaa  .  .  Ms.  M.  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.)  'in  accord- 
ance with'  (the  free-will  offering  &c),  this  intimates  that 
one  must  procure  his  festal  offering  with  secular  money 
(not  from  second  tithe-money).  Ib.  '31  'a  yttl  3>aiT>a  ijta 
where  is  the  intimation  that  this  missath  means  secular? 
(Answ.  ref.  to  oa,  Esth.  X,  1). 

NP.SD,  (Kirn?),  "73  f.  ch.  (DDa;  cmp.  ^  fr.  Ml*) 
plenty,  enough.  Targ.  Pro  v.  XXX,  15,  sq.  (h.  text  yin). — 
Constr.  npa,  npa,  To,  TO  adv.  (=h.^).  Targ.  II  Sam.  XXIV, 
16  (h.  text  -XI).  Targ.  Ex.  XXXVI,  5  (h.  text  *«»).  Ib. 
0.  7  (Y.  noias ;  h.  text  BWt).  Targ.  Prov.  XXX,  8  "TttO 
enough  for  me  (h.  text  ^pn).  Targ.  Jer.  XLIX,  9  yiTWTB 
(h.  text  B*1!) ;  a.  fr. — 'ap,  ('ap),  "^ap  as  much  as  required. 
Targ.  Y.  Ex.  1.  c,  v.  supra.  Targ.  Lev.  xn,  8  (Y.  ed.  Amst. 
'an).  Targ.  H  Chr.  VIII,  1 3  'an  (ed.Lag.);— V.  npipp, 
— *Lev.R.s.  3  "»n&0  Kabste  "jinsia  snsna  no^a  it  is  enough, 
they  will  pay  for  it  in  the  hereafter  (Yalk.  Koh.  971  nrpa). 
—V.  aonoa. 

inpQ,  v.  VHPRq. 

TiFlM,  v.  inpa. 

pHinOQ  m.  pi.  (inp  II,  v.  next  w.)  confusion.  Yalk. 
Gen.  126  'a*  13,  v.  B^jiKS. 

fcttTHiFlGQ  f.  (nnp  II)  reel.  Hull.  60a,  v.  *\)ft*i 

KTOQ,  ^TOQ,  ^  t  (denom.  of  npa)  1)  (it  is) 
enough'.  Targ.  Y.T  Num.  XII,  14  iWipa  it  is  enough  for 
her.  Targ.  I  Chr.  XXI,  15;  27  r^npa;  (Targ.  II  Sam. 
XXIV,  16  noa).— Y.  Keth.  I,  25c  '31 WTOJS  t<b  is  it  not 
enough  for  her  that  she  has  been  raised  to  priesthood? 
—Gitt.  14b  '31  ninoia  Kb  (some  ed.  n^np^a)  not  enough 
that  he  did  not  help  us  but  &c.   Ib.  56b  WWl  Xp*J  TW? 

'31  thou  art  sufficiently  rewarded  by  seeing  the  distress 
of  thy  enemy.  B.  Bath.  126a  '31  "va  j6  was  it  not  enough 
that  thou  didst  sell  his  property  &c?  Ber.  55a  rVTWj 
n^npa  his  joy  (over  his  good  dream)  is  enough  for  him 
(he  must  not  expect  its  realization);  a.  fr. — Yalk. Gen.  62 
HUTU  n">bl3T  '^a  xn  this  (sample)  is  enough  to  prove  that 
all  the  wine  is  bad;  Gen.  R.  s.  38  Vlpa  Ar.  (ed.  IBtfja; 
prob.  to  be  read:  '31  'a  IBEa,  v.  =lBipa).— 2) (v. P. Sm. 2184) 
saturation,  plenty.  Targ.  Job  VI,  7  (sec.  vers.)  nnnl..",l3n 
'31  'a  they  made  me  sickly,  and  thus  there  was  more 
than  enough  for  my  meal  (h.  text  *f1S  nan,  play  on  ** 
a.  W),  v.  xnil-n. 

"PlTltDD,  v.  "inpa  a.  I^BtJO. 

JtfDQFlDQ  f.  (Dnp;  cmp.  apix)  substructure  filled 
with  earth,  tier;  v.  xnapa. 

"iFlpZ?  m.  (b.  h.;  "ire  I)  secret.  — PL  tf*f$tti,  T^Wtftt, 
'inpa^  Gen.  R.  s.  82  (quot.  adopted  fr.  Jer.  XLIX,  10)  Vfb* 
'31  S^BOB  Tnnpa  I  laid  open  his  (Esau's)  secrets  in  order 
to  expose  hiVbastards;  Yalk.  Jer.  331;  Yalk.  Chr.  1073 
'inoa  (corr.  ace).  Ex.  R.  s.  19  Tninpa  W>  ^6t  shall  not 
learn  his  (Israel's)  secrets.  Hag.  5b  iaU3  'ai  .  .  .  Dlpa  the 
Lord  has  one  special  place  whose  name  is  mistarim  (Jer. 
XIII,  17).— V.  y^ppa. 

SHPlpD,  Targ.  Y.  Deut.  XXIX,  5,  v.  Wt3 1. 

fc^/Q  I  ch.=h.  nra,  [grain,]  m'ah,  a  coin  and  a  weight. 
Targ.Ysam.  II,  36  (h.  text  rfTOK).  Targ.  Job  XLII,  11 
Ms.  Var.  (ed.  NBim,  h.  text  tr^Up).—PL  fVfy  W.  Targ. 
0.  Ex.  XXX,  13  (Y.  T3a;  h.  text  rTU).— B.  Mets.  102b 
'a  nxa  'a  nxa  KTCOX  if  he  said  'an  Istira',  (adding)  'one 
hundred  m'ah',  he  must  pay  one  hundred  m'ah.  Kidd. 
81a,  v.  tXS/n.  Snh.  26a;— STOa=h.  nisa,  money.  Targ. 
Esth.  IX^  22. 

#$P  II  ch.=h.  ns>a,  belly,  womb.  Targ.Ps.CXXVII,4. 

Ib.  LVIII,  4  *j2>a  *,a  (h.  text  Htia).  Ib.  XLIV,  26  sosa  Ms. 
(ed.  VtoVVm  h.  text  133MB).— Mostly  pi.  "psa,  N^?a,  'a, 
"a;  constr.  "VSa,  bowels,  intestines.  Targ.  Gen.  XXX,  2. 
Ib.  XXV,  22,  sq.;  a.  fr.— Hull.  93a  SOSa  »"h  the  starting 
point  of  the  (large)  intestines.  Yalk.  ib.  976,  v.  Strop.  Lev. 
R.  s.  3  iOSa  ^3  (some  ed.  n*Sa)  the  small  bowels ;  Koh. 
R.  to  VII,  19  [read:]  'a  rl3B;T  a.  fr.— V.  M?sa. 

&n!3?Q  m.  Op>;)  doing.  — PL  riBSa.  Targ.  Job 
XXXIV,  25. 

t  :  -    :  -" 

SDID!/^  m.  (preced.)  maker;  parent.  Gen.R.  s.  68; 
Yalk.Vs.!878  (play  on  tm,  Ps.  CXXI,  l)^3Bbab  D^l'nn  bx 
■•S^asaVl  (v.  lin)  I  lift  my  eyes  unto  the  horim,  to  my 
teacher  and  my  begetter. 

NSTD'IB^H  f.  (preced.)  making,  getting.  Targ.  Prov. 
XXI,  6. 


813  nawn 


XH'D^D  m.  (13?;  v.  VFRMft  growth.    Y.  Ned.  VII, 

c  top  ran,  v.  wyn. 

rniSEjD  f.  (b.  h.  rnas?;  133)  ferry-boat.  B.  Kam. 
116a  (Ms.  M.  nnaro);  Yeb.  106a  (ed.  Knssa;  corr.  ace.). 

I2IOT,  Toh.  X,  5,  Ar.,  v.  1^33. 

'DTQ^E,  Lam.  B.  to  IV,  19,  v.  1-P3S  a.  pbn. 

l3>Z3  m.  (133)  pitchfork  for  the  first  stage  of  win- 
nowing (passing  the  grain  from  one  side  to  the  other). 
Kel.  XIII,  7;  T'bul  Yom  IV,  6.  [Ar.  reads  "TOO,  with  Var. 
lect.  "OSa,  ISSa.] 

CN  l3>Z2  m.,  constr.  133a  (133)  passing,  mustering. 
xg.  Is!  XXX,  32.— V.  next  w. 

XHZ2E  m.  ("in?)  ford,  ferry.  Targ.  0.  Gen.  XXXII, 
33a  constr.  ed.  Berl.  (oth.  ed.  133a).—  Yeb.  106a,  v. 
r-isra.  Hull.  95a  Ar.  (ed.  K"3a).  Ned.  27  b  '33  l^pOS  the 
ferry  cut  him  off,  i.  e.  there  was  no  ferry  to  take  him 
over.  lb.  811&31K  iba^a  'a  the  accident  of  missing  a  ferry 
can  be  foreseen. 

Jl  l32?Q  f.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  crossing,  esp.  the  place  of 
crossing.— PL  1111333,  constr.  irhttra.  Ber.  54a  D^n  'a  the 
place  where  the  Israelites  crossed  the  Bed  Sea;  yMN I  'a 
where  they  crossed  the  Jordan;  a.  e. 

IX?H23?Q  ch.  same,  1)  crossing,  ferry,  ford.  Y.  Taan. 
IV,  68=,  sq.— B.  Bath.  73a  Ms.  F.,  v.  KR33la.-2)  (fc3p*T3)  'a 
a  parted  beard  (perh.=13!?a,  pronged  like  a  fork).  Snh. 
100b.— 3)  Cpbeni)  'a  the  hollow  rim  of  the  capsule  of  the 
T'fillin  of  the  arm  through  which  the  thong  is  slipped. 
Men.  35a. 

*  'Xyj2  m.  (v.  next  w.)  rolling  machine.  Sifre  Deut. 
229  '=1  WXffo  Qlpa  Kltt  tta3  how  large  a  railing  is  requir- 
ed around  the  place  where  one  puts  his  rolling  machine? 
Three  handbreadths,  opp.  to  "pOIII  tl^S  the  part  of  the 
roof  used  for  moving  about;  Yalk.  ib.  930  1pa3?"a. 

t\jm'^12  f.  (ba3)  1)  roller,  a  slab  for  rolling  over  a 
plastered  roof,  v.  J^rTO.  Mace.  II,  1;  Tosef.  ib.  II,  3;  Y. 
ib.II,beg.  31c.  M.Kat'.1, 10bai31  T<3'a3,  expl.ib.  lla  -pS3 
'21  'a  with  hands  and  feet  as  with  a  roller. —  2)  a  press 
for  straightening  ivood.  Sifre  Deut.  308,  v.  "pa  Pi. ;  Yalk. 
ib.  942  nbasa. 

1X*y2  m.  1)  (b.  h.;  baS;  Siba?)  the  wagons  surrounding 
the  camp,  ring.  Num.  B.  s.  19;  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  VII;  a. 
e.— 2)  v.  V'Mta. 


r*DJiI/E,  v.  nl^ya. 

T  T  -8     -  T      •  -.  " 

S"H2E  f.  with  child,  v.  -h*  I. 

t  •  —    :  *  '■ 

'  "PTO2,  v.  -ww. 

P5Q  I  m.,  pi.  D^T^Q,  ^T®&_  (b.h.;  wtwn^ 
■Hi/'.)  ftno£s  of  reed  matting;  v.  "jia. 

fftfi  II  m.,  *>*.  Dn|"I?q,  ^"TO  0>.h. ;  ft*)  *»w»^ 

ties,  siveets;  abl3  "^l-P  the  best  things  in  the  world. 
Sot.  9a;  15b.  Num.  B.  s.  7  yon  -paSia'S  'a  b3  they  found 
in  the  manna  the  taste  of  all  the  best  things  &c. — Y. 
Ber.  VI,  10b  top  'a  "^a  K113  the  Creator  of  various  kinds 
of  sweet  things  (fruits  &c).  Ib.  rnjJlStt  b31  ^IXn  b3  for 
the  land  (Palestine)  and  its  good  things.  Gen.  B.  s.  67  033 
tabl33tt)  'a  b3  the  taste  of  all  good  things  in  the  world; 
Yalk.  ib.  115  3^3133  (corr.  ace);  a.  fr. 

""HS^Q  m.  (b.  h. ;  113)  mattock,  also  the  share  of  the 
plough'.  Kel.  XIII,  7,  v.  133a.  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Mets.  Ill,  14; 
IX, 3  1"nsa.  Tosef.  ib.  B.Bath. 1, 7,  v. rtioa.  Ib.  8 . .  mtT'lflan 
'SpXB  the  strings  and  thongs  of  the  share-beam ;  a.  e. 

"I^3?D  ch.  same.  Targ.  Is.  VII,  25. 

T\VlZ  f.  (b.  h.  pi.  ni3a,  Is.  XL VIII,  19,  v.  Targ.;  cmp. 
next  w.)  [grain  of  sand  &c.)  m'ah,  (cmp.  nia)  1)  a  weight. 
Y.  Kil.  I,  27a  top  '31  rTIK  'a  one  m'ah's  weight  from  the 
top  of  a  melon,  cucumber  &c;  [B.  S.  to  Kil.  I,  2:  one  seed 
taken  from  the  top  &c,  v.  next  w.]. — Lev.  B.  s.  17  'a 
'31  'ai  1133  WlK  one  m'ah's  weight  of  coarse  thread  &c. ; 
(Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  LXXIII,  4  niiia).— 2)  a  coin,  corregp. 
to  the  Tyrian  Obolus  (v.  Zuckerm.  Talm.  Miinz.  p.  4). 
Tosef.  B.  Bath.  V,  12  '31  C]03  'a  UJltf  six  m'ah  silver  make 
one  denar;  '31  ""itt?  Cp3  'a  one  m.  silver  is  equal  to  two 
dupondia;  Y.  Kidd.  I,  58d;  Bab.  ib.  12a;  Bekh.  50a.  Y. 
v  Shebu.  VI,  beg.  36d;  a.  fr.— PI.  f&Bk  lb.;  a.  fr.—  rli3a  in 
gen.  small  coins,  money.  B.  Mets.  IV,  1,  v.  SiDp.  Pes.  50b 
W\  flJilaa  M1K3ri  'a  proceeds  from  trans-oceanic  traffic. 
Ib.  0^1^  'a  orphans'  money  (invested  at  half-profits 
between  executor  and  orphans).  Ab.  Zar.  17b  Q^llS  bltJ  'a 
money  laid  aside  for  Purim  enjoyments;  ripIS  btt)  'a 
charity  fund.  Ib.  '31  vnisa  B1K  'p*  Kb  one  must  not  give 
his  contribution  to  the  charity  fund,  unless  its  manager 
be  &c. ;  a.  fr. 

T\VD  (or  "'^Qjm.;  p^.a^^sa.^ya.'^a  (b.h.;  nis) 
[curve;  cmp.  bbn,]  inside,  boivels,  belly.  Kinn.  Ill,  6  TOa 
fmi533  Wa  "VJ3  D^bSib  its  large  intestines  are  used  for 
harp-strings  &c.,  v.  1133.  Nidd.  22b  ITTO  ffra  nb  tiJi  H3a 
has  an  internal  wound  (abscess);  (Tosef.  ib.  IV, 3  D^SBSa). 
Y.  Naz.  VII,  56c  hot.  baan  ^Sa  nnn  under  the  belly  of  the 
camel ;  IfpiSlI  *&&  1KV\  under  the  arch  of  the  »ate.  Snh. 

vin,  2  (52a)  ftna  "C3  maim  vwa  -pnb  rtrtn  runs  into 

his  inside  and  scalds  his  bowels.  Hull.  56b  'a  TO  1PS3 
'31  1-iax  by  the  intestines  of  birds  (Mish.  HI,  3)  are 
meant  the  stomach,  the  heart  &c— Eduy.  Ill,  3  m33X  ^Sa 
the  seeds  and  the  juice  of  the  melon  (v.  preced.).  Y. 
Maasr.  I,  48d  n^33K  'a?  -jlfiBba  '^'"'a  "p3  na  what  is  the 
difference  between  the  core  of  the  melopepon  and  that 
of  the  melon ?-Y.  Ter.  VIII,  46a  top,  v.&a&al.— Tosef.  Kel. 
B.  Mets.  IX,  2  iiblU  |*Wd  the  stuffings  of  the  sofa. 

w?a,  v.^ish. 

5™l2l?l5'73  m.  (FOy)  dense,  large-sized,  opp.  pT'a,  v.  ppT 
Arakh.  25a  '^1  i"l3~a  Kb  neither  too  densely,  nor  too  sparse- 
ly sown.  Succ.  IV,  9  (48b);  a.  e.— PI.  •,',3>iya.  Pes.64b  TtTl 





'a  ttDB  iniX  TWfc  (not  "jniN,  v.  Rabb.  D.  8.  a.  1.  note  9 ; 
Ms.  M.  f+BQ,  v.  rt373)  and  they  called  it  the  Passover  of 
the  crowded,  v.   "?a. 

tawo,  v.  a?a. 

M,M,  v.sub'^. 

nEfi2?Q,  infin.  Pa.  of  a?a. 

•pawn,  ncpf&q,  v.  fa  nam. 

j'^^Q  m  (denom.  of  ]"')  having  many  eyes  or  colors, 
name  of  a  ^>fan£  (prob.  iroXo6cpf}aXfxoi;  =  poucp&aXfioc), 
Chrysanthemum.  Y.  Kil.  I,  27a,  v.  d^aisb. 

SOl2?a,  v.rpnaii. 

T    -  T  If 

T\y\Vl2  m.,  fTWQ  f.  (H*»,  Pi.)  prominent,  dis- 
tinguished.'Ber.  10b  (expl!  W$S>,  II  Kings  IV,  10)  EPS-CD  'a 
the  most  distinguished  room  (the  exedra);  Ned.  56a  (expl. 
irrb&ftj  Mish.  VII,  4)  d^aaiB  'a  (Var.  T&asaia)  the  best 
room.  Men.  108b  ^rvaatt)  'a  (Ms.  M.  WaattJ  rt^bsa)  my 
best  room.  B.  Kam,  16b  (expl.  W*kfin  "ja,  Mish.  I,  4)  'a3 
1"<Daaatt5  with  the  best  portion  of  his  estate;  a.  e.  —  PI. 
d^wa,  -pksa.  lb.  nnsffianir  'a  the  most  distinguished 
of  his  family;  a.  e. 

\"uiyl2  adv.  (lay)  standing,  in  a  standing  position. 
Shebu.  38b  '21  'a  WOUJ  an  oath  must  be  taken  standing, 
but  scholars  may  remain  seated.  Ber.  30a  "lafct  XldH  31 
'a  Eab  H.  says  (he  who  is  walking  on  the  road)  must  stand 
still  (during  prayer),  opp.  ""[Vila;  Y.  ib.  II,  beg.  4a.  Sifre 
Deut.  155  'a  xb&t  11D3  nil^U)  f&  no  function  is  properly 
performed  if  the  priest  is  not  standing;  a.  fr. 

1"$D  I  m.  (b.  h.;  )W)  1)  [selection;  cmp.  tft%]  resi- 
dence, esp.  the  Temple ;  'an  by  the  Temple  !  Tosef.  Keth. 
111,2.  Tosef.  Ker.  IV,  4.  Num.  E.  s.  12  ffW&Sa  SjjtHJ  natt) 
thouhast  placed  thy  residence  with  the  uppermost(angels). 
Koh.  R.  to  XII,  7  tVTD  *>3iya  my  residence  (in  heaven)  is 
pure;  a.  e  — 2)  Ma'on,  name  of  one  of  the  heavens.  Hag. 
12b. —  3)  [that  tvhich  is  looked  for,]  sustenance,  support 
(v.  I  Sam.  II,  29;  32).  Gen.  R.  s.  68,  a.  e.  bu>  iaisa  fT'apn 
*,abi3>  the  Lord  is  the  support  of  his  world;  cmp.  dipa. — 
[Ex.  R.  s.  24  lniSia  -pra  f»0,  some  ed.,  read:  £SO.] 

J  \sl2  II  pr.  n.  pi.  1)  (b.  h.)  Maon,  in  Judaea.  Mekh. 
Yithro,  Bahod.  s.  1.  HTTP  'a.  — 2)  'a,  also  'a  tV<$  Maon, 
Beth  Maon,  near  Tiberias.  Sabb.  139a  hot.  'a1!  MUD^d  "a 
the  synagogue  of  M.;  (Gen.R.  s.  80,  beg.  N312a"1  "pnJUirosS, 
read  "Wl'Stfl;  Y.  Snh.  II,  end,  20d  tfnaioa  '33).  Y.  Erub. 
V,  22b  bot.  'a  tV&j  Y.  Sot.  I,  17a  bot.  -p^sa  iTO  (corr.acc); 
Num.  R.  s.  9  (ed.  Wil.  p.  58).— [Tosef.  Shebi.  VII,  13  "j13>a 
N3X  Var.,  ed.  Zuck.  *j1S>attJ ;  oth.  ed.  "jSa.] 

n&C"13?Q  m.  (preced.)  o/"  Maon.  Gen. R.  s.  80, beg.  "tor 
'a  Jose  of  M.;  Y.  Snh.  II,  end,  20d  '"Stag  (h.);  Yalk.  Ez. 
357  K^isa  tJbTV— K. 'Sgi'too.  Ib. 'al  'jUlWOSa;  Gen.R. 
1.  c.  (not  WWai),  v.  preced. 

"13"I3?P  m.  1)  of  Maon,  v.  preced.— 2)  'a  IBs  the  Book 
M'  oni,  name  of  a  Pentateuch  copy  in  Jerusalem  in  which 
'ira  was  written  in  place  of  HSra  (Deut.  XXXIII,  27). 
Y.  Taan.  IV,  68a  bot.  'a  ISO;  Sifre  Deut.  356  d^isa  btt3; 
Treat.  Sof'rim  VI,  4  n315>a  IBd  (corr.  ace). 

»1}tPZ3i  v.  nwisa. 
D^JtPq,  v.  •wa. 

HDl^D,  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  LXXIII,  4,  read  with  ed. 

Bub.  nawa,  v.  t)apr. 

mS13?D,  read:  niiB?>a. 

DH"]3?Q  m.  (denom.  of  ai»),  UJailJ  'a  owe  who  has  be- 
come clean  with  the  setting  of  the  sun  (Lev.  XXII,  7),  opp. 
to  av  biaa,  v.  baai.—  PL  usau5(n)  ^iniisa.  Par.  in,  7; 

Tosef.  ib.  Ill,  7.  Ib.  6  UJatt)  "QtWD,  UJaia  btU  *VW&  (corr. 
acc.).-Pem.  naiWa.  Sifra  M'tsora,  Zab.,  Par.  5,  ch.  IX.— 
[a'TWO  wiccerf,  v.  315  I.] 

■jftiji  *ron,^?a,  fcp  r?n  m.  (v.  ^?>  a™^., 

goats-hair,  horn  &c.  Targ.  0.  Ex.  XXV,  4  iJJWj  ed.  Berl. 
(v.  Berl.  Targ.  O.  II,  p.  27,  a.  Massorah,  p.  Ill);  Y.  *jj?a. 
Ib.  XXVI,  7  ^SB  ed.  Berl.  (Y.^^'al).  Targ.  Num.  XXXI, 
20.  Targ.  O.  Ex.  XXXV,  26  K*»2Pa  (ed.  Berl.  KJf?B);  Y 
«M*»5a  ('a). 

n3"J!^/J  f.  (aw,  v.  infra)  a  concrete  of  stone  chippings. 
clay  &c.;  used  for  paving  floors,  pavement  covering  the 
ceiling  (CPpfl)  of  the  lower  story  and  serving  as  flooring 
to  the  upper  story.  B.  Mets.  X,  2  'art  nx  fvfystl . .  "jinnm 
the  dweller  below  must  provide  the  ceiling,  and  the  one 
above  the  pavement.  Ib.  117a  'al  iplTMN  'a  the  plaster 
preserves  the  ceiling  (thus  benefitting  the  owner  of  the 
lower  story);  (oth.  opin.)  '31  ""TOX  'a  it  serves  only  to 
level  the  floor.  Succ.  I,  7  'a  S"pb3>  "piM)  filpn  a  ceiling 
not  covered  with  pavement;  a.  fr. — [3t5>,  Neh.  Ill,  8  is 
supposed  to  mean:  to  form  a  concrete  for  fortification 
2)urposes.  —  Our  w.  seems  to  be  a  hebraization  of  aba 
caementum  (v.  P.  Sm.  2137),  by  confounding  it  with  h.  r. 
aba;  cmp.  Kaba^ri  a.  aaba.] 

fcO^Q  m.  (Vis)  spinner.  Koh.  R.  to  VII,  9  (prov.) 
mrobTsa  rnb  p^ba  p  mrobB  by  b"ns>  'an  xaa^rt  (not  'sa; 
strike  out  3^3  b*1ti,  being  a  Var.  lect.  or  gloss  to  p^bd) 
as  the  spinner  winds  (the  yarn)  on  his  distaff,  so  will  it 
get  off  his  distaff,  i.  e.  the  rash  man  hurts  none  but  him- 
self; v.  Kd^a  in. 

kS>)>U  m.  (preced.)  the  yarn  on  the  distaff.  Targ. 
Prov.TXXXI,  19  (h.  text  -jbfi). 

U«rQ  (b.  h.;  cmp.  aia)  to  be  thin,  minute. — Part. pass. 
awa,  f.  naira;  pi.  a-awa,  "paiya;  niowa.  Y.  Pes.  v,32a 
bot.;  Y.  Snh.  I,  18c  bot.  rriV\  ''aWal  mi  "id*  big  in  spirit 
(haughty)  and  small  in  learning  (of  narrow  capacity). 
Tosef.  Hall.  I,  7;  a. e.— Tarn.  IV,  2  nairaa  at  least  (Talm. 
ed.  31a  pWaa,  comment,  "jawaa  on  the  smallest  of  the 


Pi.  D3JJ3,  ~r-3  1)  to  diminish,  reduce;  to  do  little.  Ab. 
IV,  10  '31  per-  E3TOQ  "'"  do  less  business,  and  busy  thy- 
self with  the  Law.  M.  Kat  22»,  v.  per.  Taan.  I,  7  TB3WO 
I':".  X-33  we  must  reduce  business  transactions,  build- 
ing &c.  lb.  IV,  6  iHHiaa  ■poyoo  2X  0333123  with  the  be- 
ginning of  the  month  of  Ab  we  must  reduce  rejoicing. 
Hull.  60°  ~;"^r  rs  -::;■:'  "3b  go  and  make  thyself  smaller 
(be  reduced).  Snh.  17a  03-3::r  DCTBarTai  P^XIM  because 
you  made  yourselves  small  (were  modest);  Num.R.  8. 15. 
Tosef.  Evub.  IX  (VI),  15  '31  D^axs  .T^S  if  he  reduced 
the  size  of  the  gap  by  means  of  stones  &c.  Y.  ib.  VII, 
beg.  24b  d"*toa  "p::r33  you  may  use  utensils  for  reducing 
the  opening.  Bab.  ib.  77b  3a*33  effects  the  reduction,  i.e. 
puts  the  two  adjoining  places  in  the  legal  condition  of 
dwellings  connected  by  a  gate;  a.  fr.  —  2)  (interpret.)  to 
limit,  qualify,  exclude  from  the  rule.  Shebu.26a  12"in  mn 

I'-VZ'  -Z" -  rr%rr.  ':=  rx  interpreted  the  entire  Law  on 
the  principle  of  'It  includes  and  it  excludes',  i.  e.  on  the 
principle  that  if,  in  the  Biblical  text,  a  specification  is 
preceded  and  followed  by  general  terms,  both  an  ex- 
tension ("13")  and  a  limitation  (EiyTa)  must  be  found; 
e.  g.  ib.  (ref.  to  Lev.  V,  4)  '3",  "»0 . . .  Wb  .  .  .  rs:  "X  or 
if  a  soul  swears',  this  is  a  general  expression,  'for  bad  or 
for  good',  this  limits  (the  sphere  of  the  law  to  things 
which  are  either  an  advantage  or  a  disadvantage);  'what- 
soever it  be  &c.',  this  is  again  a  generalization ;  now  what 
does  it  include?  All  kinds  of  words  (vows);  '31  'a  'a  ^xai 
and  what  does  it  exclude?  It  excludes  a  religious  act  (the 
vow  of  doing  a  forbidden  thing  or  not  doing  a  com- 
manded thing).  Sifra  Tsav,  ch.  XV,  Par.  11  CPOSTa  3X 
'31  r.z'irz  3V"3X  x";  totlO  -zmiz~  if  I  exclude  them 
(the  gentiles)  from  the  privilege  of  laying  hands  on  the 
sacrifice,  which  has  a  wider  sphere  of  application,  must 
I  not  exclude  them  from  the  privilege  of  waving  &c.?; 
a.  fr. — Part.  pass.  03*033,  v.  BSW, 

Eif.  tarvan  to  do  little,  less.  Ber.  I7a  tw  "raxn  X312 
ero&a  XTil  rena  lest  you  say,  I  do  much  good,  and  he 
but  little;  '=1  B"WMan  "Xi  nr-.n  "inx  "B^lB  we  have 
learned,  whether  one  does  much  or  little  (they  are 
equally  worthy),  provided  one  directs  his  heart  &c. ;  Men. 
XIII,  11;  a.  fr. 

Xithpa.  -" ore,  Hithpa.-V'zr-  to  be  diminished, reduced. 
Erub.  VII,  5  '=■  rrrr  -  pT»l  ':  if  the  pile  of  straw  has 
been  reduced  to  less  than  ten  handbreadths.  Ib.  54b;  Ab. 
Zar.  19*  -""5"  r  ne  wiH  become  less  (will  decline  in  learn- 
ing). Arakh.  30b  *2"  ':  if  his  value  was  reduced.  Tosef. 
Sot.  XIV,  10  '31  E^-n  '-V'lr:  the  days  were  reduced,  and 
the  yeari  shortened.  Ib.  ta'ltfn  tTtfTfft  Oiian  15-rrr: 
Erarn?  the  nations  began  to  grow  and  the  Israelites  to 
be  reduced  (in  rank).  Pesik.  R.  s.  14  1"  --jr^r:  he  became 
reduced  in  fortune.  Midr.Till.toPs.XlI,end  PttPara  --Z: 
D«T33*  their  soul  within  them  shrinks,  i.  e.  they  feel  jealous 
and  angry;  Yalk.  ib.  659;  Lev.R.s.32,  beg.  rasana  (corr. 
ace).  Sifra  1.  c.  r,z*:r  r--~;zr:  the  sphere  of  the  act  of 
waving  is  the  smaller  one;  rT3"W0  r,z"~r:  the  laying  on 
of  hands  has  the  smaller  sphere;  a.  fr. — Erub.  80b  ^xa 
03337-:  OS!  -r:  'it  was  reduced'  (Mish.  VII,  7)  means,  it 
was  reduced  to  atoms,  t.XTOOO.— B.Mets.71al"-jr-;r-; """:. 
v.  0»a  h.— Tosef.  Mikv.  VI  (VII),  14  *"3>ana,  v.  7\?~- 

815  *&*?& 

T22?I2  I  ch.,  Pa.  DSC  same,  to  reduce;  to  exclude.  Yoma 
74a  '31  'ab  ....  iX3  13V33  this  'none  but'  is  to  exclude 
what  (whom)?  ...  It  excludes  the  king;  Shebu.  31a  Ms. 
M.  (ed.  "piExb);  a.  fr. 

Ithpe.  tfWtJ  to  be  reduced;  to  be  excluded.  Erub.  79b 
blan^xa  'xn  when  its  size  was  reduced  the  day  before; 
a.  e. 

T0&J2  II  m.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  a  little,  little.  Ab.  I,  15 
rati  fi!2S1  '3  113X  promise  little  and  do  much.  Sabb.  31b 
(ref.  to  Koh.  VII,  16)  sarPb  '3  XH  but  a  little  wrong  one 
may  do?;  a.  e. — V.  13533. 

"I"—  "12,  "T^yO  m.  (",3r)  vat  or  pit  where  olives  are 
packed  until  they  form  a  viscid  mass.  Toh.  IX,  1  'ail  nsi 
the  (intended)  exudation  produced  by  lying  in  the  vat, 
opp.  flEipn  rtyi  the  (unwelcome)  exudation  originating 
in  the  pile  or  basket,  v.  3W  h.  lb.  9 ;  Tosef.  ib.  XI,  1.  Tosef. 
Maasr.  Ill,  7  'pBSWl  Ib.  13,  a.  e.  *,Ol?a.  Y.  Dem.  VI,  2Jd 
top  ETVn  3*123  '3  a  mass  of  olives  from  the  vat;  a.  fr. 

&C'.2252  ch.  same.-P/.  "WO.  Snh.  llb(Rashi  VenQ  ; 
Tosef.  ib"n,  6  WCPO;  Y.  ib.  I,  18d  top;  Y.  Maas.  Sh!  V, 
56c  top. 

HD'^^Q  f.  (OC5  II)  torap.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Bath.  V,  4. 

"•"2,  v.  nana. 

TO  WWti  v.  vqa. 

X??*VQ,  v.  xbra. 

U^VT2,  ]^7D,  v.  ra. 

T^o,  X3Vi3?a,v.rrB,x3i53. 

It:—  t    t  :    -  'T  :  -'      rr' 


—     T  -   1 

J$Q  m.  (b.  h. ;  \*9)  cloak,  robe.  Ruth  R.  to  IV,  8  (ref. 
to  I  Sam.  XV,  27)  ""2  bl2  iVra  whose  cloak  (did  Samuel 
seize  and  rend)?;  Midr.  Sam.  ch.  XVEil;  a.  e. — Esp.  the 
high  priest's  robe.  Yoma  VII,  5.  Zeb.  88b;  Arakb.  16a; 
a.  e. 

5"TO,  NT'^Q  ch.  same.  Targ.  I  Sam.  n,  19.  Targ. 
Ex.  XXVIH,  4T;  a.  fr.— PI.  ttyvif.  Targ.  Ez.  XXVI,  16. 

n^-^2  f.  (bsa;  b.  h.  bsa)  false  dealing,  bad  faith. 
Sifre  Num!  7  (ref.  to  Num.  V,  12,  sq.)  nr©  10*1  PS  'a  "nn 
this  (context)  proves  that  maal  refers  to  marital  faith- 
lessness (not  to  pecuniary  defalcation).  Ib.  .  .  .  '3  "X 
Tp*B  X3X  .  .  nf'ilah  everywhere  (in  the  Scripture)  has 
the  meaning  of  false  dealing;  Num.R.  s.  8.  B.  Bath.  88b 
'31  '35  XOl"!  0"Hp«"!  nt  this  one  (who  robbed  a  man)  makes 
sin  precede  faithlessness  (ref.  to  Lev.  V,  21),  whereas  that 
one  (who  robbed  the  Temple)  makes  faithlessness  precede 
sin  (ib.  15);  a.  fr.— PI.  rtftVO.  Num.  R.  s.  9  (ref.  to  Num. 
V,  12)  '31  ibbfl  '3  TUB  why  this  repetition  of  the  stem 
i>S53» — Esp. m"ilah,the  laic  concerning  the  unlawful  use  of 
sacred  property  (Lev.  V,  15  sq ).  Tosef.  Me'il.  1, 5  *(3  . .  V^xri 





'an  protects  the  flesh  of  the  other  animal  from  being 
subject  to  the  law  of  m.,  i.  e.  no  use  made  of  it  is 
considered  sacrilege.  lb.  8  'a  +P  NS"1  is  no  longer  am- 
enable to  the  law  &c;  Meil.  2a.  Tosef.  ib.  Ill,  2  'a  "p^rtb 
nbfilS  IT  to  what  fund  does  this  fine  for  mal-appropriation 
go?  Mei'l.  12a  'a  ma  ma,  'a  JO^K  the  law  of  m\  applies 
to  it;  a.  fr  —  PL  as  ab.  Zeb.  V,  5  'a  D1DN  the  guilt-offering 
for  mal-appropriations  of  sacred  property;  &.fr.—M,'ilah, 
name  of  a  treatise  of  the  Mishnah,  Tosefta  and  Talmud 
Babli  of  the  Order  of  Kodashhn. 

0*581  T$& v- *?*• 

■pgQ,  v.  )y_. 

1"2?Q>  "]"^3?Dm.  (b.  h.;-)^;  cmp.^S)  1)  spring,  fountain; 
source,  issue.  Mikv.  V,  1.  Ib.  3,  v.  bnj.  Ned.  41 b  sattri  'a 
a  bubbling  well,  v.  ffptti.  Tanh.  Thazr.  6  'a  .  .  .  *13>1I)  ^3 
laX3>  ^SSa  for  each  bair  ...  a  separate  well  (which  feeds 

it).  Ex.  R.  s.  24  '31  'a  rropn  soa  (not  -psa),  v.  rn*n». 

Gen.  R.  s.  26;  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  I,  2  i;m»g,,,  11333  the  Lord 
held  back  his  germinating  issue.  Lev.  R.  s.  32;  Cant.  It. 
to  IV,  12  EfTJTn  tin  Dim  'a  'a  sealed  well'  (Cant.  I.  c), 
that  means  the  (pure)  males.  Yeb.  64b  DTD  'a  the  well  (in 
her  womb)  is  the  cause  of  the  death  of  her  successive  hus- 
bands. Nidd.  ll'J;  ib.  35b  Kin  TnN  'a  it  is  one  and  the 
same  source  (from  which  the  menses  and  the  blood  at 
parturition  issue) ;  a.  fr.— PI.  Tfo*9Q,  '"^Sa.  Ib.  B.  Mets.  87a, 
a.  e.  'a  ">3tU3  like  two  springs.  Pesik.  R.  s.  42  'aTl  *>3  ©31 
'31  tivi  he  laid  dry  all  the  wells  (secretory  organs)  both 
his  own  and  those  of  his  household  &c.  Tosef.  Sot.  XV, 
3,  a.  e.  nasn  'a  the  well-springs  of  wisdom.  Nidd.  28b 
lTViS^Sa,  mrvis'isa  his,  her  (the  leper's)  discharges ; — 
2)  (cmp.  iiya)  inside,  digestive  organs.  Snh.  81b  ppTaj  IS 
WSa  until  his  bowels  are  shrunk. 

fcO^Q  S  j"^Q  ch.  same,  belly,  ivomb,  bowels.  Targ. 
Ps.  XLlV,  26  (v.Vsa  II).  Ib.  XXII,  11 ;  a.  e.— Taan.  10b 
hot.  'a  BTOJa  to  prevent  disorder  of  the  bowels;  ib.  lla 
'a  QHWa  *!30p  he  thought  the  reason  for  recommending 
short  diet  was  to  prevent  disorder  of  the  bowels  (of  which 
he  was  not  afraid). — PI.  'pS^Sa,  "*9$.  Targ.  Ps.  XL,  9; 
a.  e. 

T1Cp972,  PTDPQn  f.  (32>a,  denom.  of  WW)  a  paste 
made  of  flour  on  which  boiling  water  is  poured,  contrad. 
to  W=H.  Hall.  I,  6;  Pes.  37b  (Ms.  0.  rTOSoH);  Eduy.V,  2 
(Ms.M.  nosafi) ;  a.  e.,  v.  nti^bn  II.  Tosef.  Hall.  1, 2  KOWan. 

y>V72,  PR},  v.  pv. 

Sj2n!?El  I  m.  (pj|5)  oppressor  (=h.  p^a).  Targ.  Is. 
LI,  13.  Targ.  Job  XXXVI,  16  (h.  text  IS).  Targ.  Esth. 
VII,  4;  a.  e. 

SSpT  <^r  II  f-(preced.)  oppression,distress  (=h.i-i]3lYQ). 
Targ.  Ps.  CXIX,  143;  a.  e.—  PI.  XnpiSa.  Ib.  CVII,  13;  19. 
Ib.  6  'rpsa;  a.  e.— Opr*Wa,  part,  f/of  pSa,  q.  v.] 

^•/J  (b.  h.;  cmp.  Tpa)  to  crush;  to  dissolve  by  rubbing. 
Lam.  R.  to  I,  1  (TWh)  pin  ns  «SM  they  crushed  an  old 
man  to  death.  Yeb.  34b  niaria,  v.  infra.  Tosef.  Pes.  IV,  3, 
v.  infra. — Part.  pass.  ftBtt;  f.  Wsa;  pi.  B-owa,  *p?PMj 
ni3l3>a  dissolved  by  rubbing,  crushed.  Nidd.  22 b  "*9  'a 
pmn  a  foetus  which  can  be  squashed  by  rubbing,  al- 
though with  some  difficulty.  Y.  Dem.  VI,  25d  top  TOT!  'a 
a  substance  pressed  into  a  mass  (as  olives  in  the  vat) 
is  considered  as  connected,  v.  "VQTi.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps. 
LXXIII,  4  rt313>a  ed.  Bub.,  v.  tfBp.— Lam.  R.  1.  c.  fiOB 
■p313>a  (not  *|313>a)  the  Passover  of  the  crushed  (crowded) ; 
Pes.  64b  'a  HOB  .  . .  "pafOUJ  when  one  old  man  was  crush- 
ed to  death,  and  they  called  it  &c.  Tosef.  ib.  IV,  3  10333 
'a  nOS . . .  ^KTU11  the  Israelites  entered  the  Temple  mount 
and  it  could  not  contain  all  of  them,  and  they  called 
it  &c;  (Var.  "p33>ia  the  Passover  of  the  crushers;  Var. 

•pia);  Pes.  1.  c,  v.  rrawa. 

Pi.  yjpa  1)  same.  Nidd.  1.  c.  '31  pina  IPesaa  she  tests 
the  nature  of  the  foetus  by  pressing  and  rubbing  with 
her  nail  moistened  with  spittle.  Y.  Yoma  VIII,  44d  bot. 
i"lbbn  fix  Tj^a^  "plX  you  must  squeeze  the  core  of  the 
olive  together  (to  be  used  as  a  standard  of  size).  Yeb. 
34b  rtsrtO  3>3SS<a  Tori  Tamar  destroyed  her  virginity  by 
friction  with  her  finger;  (ib.  Hbsia  brides  acting  like 
Tamar).  Y.  Sabb.  XX,  17c  bot.  TjSaa  (Bab.  ib.  140a  inaa, 
v.  nna).  Keth.  36b;  Gitt.  81a.—  Esth.  R.  to  I,  14,  v.  0*a; 
a.  e.  —  2)  (cmp.  T^a)  to  lower.  Ber.  45a  iblp  fcmprt  s^ao* 
(Var.  ^-W  Hif.),  v.  T|a3. 

Hithpa.  Tjsanrj,  Nithpa.  .^?aP3  \)tobe  crushed,  squash- 
ed, rubbed  off.  Y.  Maasr.  I,  48d  bot.,  v.  OOa.  Pes.  1.  c,  v. 
supra.  Tosef.  Mikv. VI (VII),  14  D-iiaan  feSfOSWTffl  Til  quot. 
inR.S.toMikv.  IX,  2  (ed.  Zuck.  "pasana)  they  are  rubbed 
against  (and  stick  to)  the  garments,  v.  Y%.  Men.  X,  4  (66a) 
TjSarn  itiili  that  its  grains  may  not  be  crushed;  a.  e. — 
2)  to  be  lowered,  flattened.  Nidd.  47a,  sq.,  v.  CO. 

^yQ  ch.  same.  Part.  pass,  rpsa  having  crushed  genitals. 
Targ.  Y.  Lev.  XXII,  24. 

Pa.  ^Sa  same.  Gen.  R.  s.  57,  end;  Yalk.  ib.  102  (play 
on  fi33>a,  Gen.  XXII,  24)  "jissa  crush  them;  v.'pam. 

s*?Q  m.  (adopted  fr.  Deut.  XXV,  9)  [from  on,]  upper 
of  the  shoe.  Yeb.  102a  'al  'a  »bl  'a  max  minn  the  text 
says  'from  on'  (his  foot)  but  not  the  cover  of  a  cover,  i.  e. 
the  upper  must  be  immediate  to  the  skin  of  the  foot,  v. 
anssx.  lb.  iVn  'an  joanr  ainsib  3"x  if  it  were  so  (that 
ybn,  Deut.  1.  c.  meant  'to  fasten'),  the  text  ought  to  have 
read  'on  the  upper  part  of  his  foot'. 

>yQ  m.  (b.  h.;  ^13  or  bbs;  cmp.  V]^)  circumvention; 
fraud,  adulteration,  faithlessness.  Yalk.  Ex.  343,  v.  D^. 
Num.  R.  s.  7,  v.  next  w. 

Jj_Q  (b.  h. ;  denom.  of  preced.)  to  circumvent,  defraud. 
Sifre  Num.  7  (ref.  to  Num.V,  12)  mis  13T  b$  'a  13  fi'^ai 
'31  does  'she  was  faithless  to  him'  refer  to  marital  be- 
trayal or  to  money  matters?;  v.  P&"Wa. — Esp.  to  make  in- 
appropriate use  of  sacred  property,  to  be  guilty  of  trans- 
gressing, be  amenable  to,  the  laio  concerning  tti'V".  (Lev. 
V,  15,sq.).  Meil. 1, 1  "jm  D^ria  in  using  them  inadvertently 



817  nbjna 

one  commits  m''  ilah  (i.  e.  they  retain  their  sacred  char- 
acter in  spite  of  a  mistake  made  at  their  slaughtering), 
lb.  M2 '"}""  a  ""X  it  has  no  longer  a  sacred  character.  lb.  Ill, 
2  "."-  "?""  -  xb"  m~:~:  xb  you  must  not  make  use  of  them, 
but  if  you  did,  you  are  not  amenable  to  &c. ;  a.  v.  fir.  — 
[Yalk.  Num.  765  "lpttJai  bsia,  read  VjWO,  v.  b'r.] 

~>*2  ch.  same.  Me'il.  14b  XEVpa  VtHJpl  that he  makes 
improper  use  of  sacred  property;  ib.  D*2np2  b^Sia  Xpn 
(corr.  ace). 

S^>£,  "D  m.  (bbr,  infin.  br-a;  cmp.  mx-z.  II)  coming 
in,  entering.  Targ.Y.H  Ex.  XXI,  10  [read:]M^p£"a-  >r&PM 
Itt'ili!)  his  visiting  her  (for  marital  duties);  [Y.  I  Mb  b"""  - 
read:  Mb  IPfcyuj  or  rrtj"*5B  (fr.  b'S)].  — Keth.  53a  "xbra 
■'"jit  my  very  coming  in  (with  you). — PI.  constr.  *~~°2.  '"a, 
'ra. — xrar  'a  swiset.  [Dan.  YI,  15  "'bra,  ed.Baehr"bra.]— 
Targ.  Y.  II  Num.  XXV,  4.— Xr212  'a,  XMCE("1  ROT)  'B  &c. 
Sabbath  eve  (Friday),  Passover  eve  &c.  Ib.  XXII,  28. — 
Targ.  Y.  Gen.  XIV,  13.— Gitt.  77s.  B.  Mets.  49a  hot.  Keth. 
62b  'z'  xa"  'a  bs  every  eve  of  the  Day  of  Atonement. 
Ib.  63a;  a.  fr. 

H~!^2  I  m.  (part.  Hif.  of  Mbr);  flW  Mbra  Smoke- 
Raiser,  name  of  a  plant  used  as  an  ingredient  of  frank- 
incense (Fumitory?).  Ker.  6a.  Tosef.  Yoma  I,  8  (ref.  to 
""-,  Lev.  XVI,  2)  '3  'a  12  IfTftm  Ttba  this  intimates  that 
he  must  add  mdale'ashan.  [Ib.  H,  6;  Y.  ib.  Ill,  41a  VM 
T  'a2  . .  .  "X"p2  understood  how  to  make  the  smoke  of 
the  frankincense  rise ;  Bab.  ib.  38a  '?  mbrMb.] 

n*^"C  II  m.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  ascent. — n-arix  Mbra 
(b.  h.j  pr.  n.  pi.  Maale  Adummim,  Maledomim  between 
Jericho  and  Jerusalem.  Tosef.  R.  Hash.  I,  15;  Y.  ib.  II, 
57dbot.;  Bab.  ib.  22b. 

TZVZ  f.  (b.  h.;  preced.)  1)  ascent,  step.  Midd.  II,  3 
'a  dPP  the  height  of  every  step;  a.  e. — PI.  M'bra.  Ib.  Succ. 
V,  4  'aM  -HE . . Iflf  rrHl  '"2  T8W  rvraM  fifteen  steps  leading 
down  .  . .  .,  corresponding  to  the  fifteen  'Songs  of  Steps' 
(Ps.  CXX  to  CXXXIV).  Ib.  53a  'a  mm  Van  -:r,  those 
fifteen  (Songs  of)  Steps.  Yoma  23a  tblXM  'a  the  steps  in 
front  of  the  Temple  hall  (Tosef.  ib.  I,  12  Mrs);  a.  fr.— 
2)  rise.  Num.  K.  s.  15  '=!  tJ  S'p'HS  br  -rbra  the  rise  of 
the  righteous  is  a  rise  without  a  decline;  1255  Vi"  "rb~~ 
'a!  Mb":'-  '  -  Esau's  (a  Roman's)  rise  is  a  rise  which  may 
lead  to  degradation;  a.  e. — 3)  degree,  gradation,  super- 
iority; preference;  advantage.  Yoma  44a;  Num.  R.  s.  7 
'"  V"3  '-"  '-  ~a  "T.  now,  there  is  no  gradation  of  sanctity 
between  the  interior  of  the  Temple  and  the  space..., 
except  &c.  Keth.  13a,  a.  e.  pOMT2  HE?  'a  where  priestly 
descent  is  concerned,  they  put  up  a  higher  standard 
(made  the  law  more  stringent).  Kidd.  70b  »">  MTMi  '-a  11 
'21  "3  tins  is  the  distinction  of  Israelites  over  converts; 
a.  fr.— PI.  as  ab.  Yoma  44b  xn-nixn  •«  the  gradations  in 
sanctity  are  of  Biblical  origin  (v.  Kel.  1, 8,  sq.). — 3)  height, 
on  high.  Mekh.  Mishp.  s.  15  'a  br  ps  the  eye  of  the  Lord. 
Tanh.  B'shall.  23  'a  \m  12X  (some  ed.  'ar::),  v.  n-j  ..  — 
jlbsob  a)  on  high,  in  heaven.  Hag.  H,  1  (11)  *ab  na  (Ms. 
M.  a.  Y.  ed.  ",b~-b)  what  is  on  high  ;  Gen.  R.  s.  1 ;  a.  fr. — 

Freq.  "jbsa,  "ibsab,  "ibraV::,  '???,  v.  Mtsa. — b)  upward,  be- 
hind, beyond.  Kidd.  IV,  5  'abi  M2TaM  "ja,  v.  pn2;  a.  fr. — 
c)  (of  time)  further  on.  Pes.  50b,  a.  fr.  'abl  MM:aM  -,a  from 
the  minhah  time  and  onward.  Ber.  26b;  a.  fr. — d)  above, 
of  superior  rank.  Kel.  I,  2,  sq.  EMa  'ab  of  a  higher  rank 
(in  Levitical  law) ;  a.  fr. 

T~'sl2  {.,  v.  next  art. 

^^yf2  m.  ("'br;  cmp.  brr*,  rbpin)  achievement,  profit; 
good.  Targ.  II  Chr.  XIII,  2  'al  Xa«5  a  name  of  good  por- 
tent.—Targ.  Lam.  IV,  9  'a  better  off.— Ber.  10a  »Vl  ■pfla 
lbsa  (cmp.  br?b2)  bad  children ;  'a*i  "SO  (cmp.  M"^3M  ch.) 
good  children  (Ms.  M.  'fach  &tr~i7,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1. 
note).— Used  as  adj.  B.  Bath.  74b  'a  MMba  (Ms.M.  rp-15), 
v.  Mba  ch.  Do.  'a  xb  is  of  no  good.  Keth.  105b  'an  DTOa 
<4R3  because  they  are  better.  Sabb.  129a  KVOnV  M^2  'an 
Ms.  M.  when  lying  in  the  sun  is  healthy.  Keth.  62b  S^S 
'al  pious  and  capable ;  a.  fr. 

S*>>12  c.  (preced.)  good,  perfect,  valid.  Targ.  Job 
XXXDJ,  28  'a  X~nM:  the  perfect  light  (of  the  hereafter). — 
Nidd.  29a  'a  nbl  a  genuine"  embryo.  Gitt.  29a  bot.  '*2  X-" 
""tl  a  valid  divorce.  Ber.  llb,  a.  fr.  'a  SOUTb  a  more  ap- 
propriate expression,  opp.  M.;"a  "Ol,  v.  M!J. — Shebu.  4ob 
ttttroc  xn  '"2  Mar  how  fine  an  argument  is  this!;  a. fr. — 
PI.  f.  Nr--br-2.  Ber.  8a  '=l  'a  nb"ia  tma  one  of  those  fine 
sayings  of  thine  concerning  &c. — [Targ.  Ps.  CXVIII,  20 
xvra,  some  ed.,  v.  x:bra.] 

Sr^^^]  f.  (preced.) perfection,  excellence ;  improve- 
ment. Shebu.  45b  'a  "xa  wherein  consists  the  excellence 
(of  the  argument)  ?,  v.  preced.  Men.  43a  'ab  i:n«TK  ^X 
Ms.M.  (ed.  "^xrr.'rx)  if  it  changed  for  the  better.  Ber.  56a 
'ab  n-b  -rsa,  v.  XMWna.  Hull.  5b  X^M  'a  does  it  imply 
perfection?;  a.  fr. 

Jj5]2  m.  (b.  h.;  bbs)  {bringing  about,]  deed.— PI. 
t^bbra!  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  LXII,  13  D^r^M  rbbsa  his  evil 

S">2?£)  ch.  same,  evil  deed.  — PI.  "o'^rz.  Targ.  Ps. 
XXVIII,!  Ms.  (ed.  -nniS).— [Targ.Y.  Gen.XLH,  9;  12  Ar. 

v.  xbrbr;.] 

■jb^a  v.  Mbp. 

^^"3^2  m.  (*5W)  l)  entrance,  gate.  Targ.  Jud.  IX,  40. 
Targ.TPs.'  CXVIII,  20  (some  ed.  X^bra,  corr.  ace);  a.  fr.— 
Gitt.  56b  Mb  r">x  'a  it  has  an  entrance  (for  taking  in  food), 
opp.  x:pEa  discharge.—  PL  X-  :bra.  Targ.  II  Chr.  XXIU, 
14.  Targ.  Ps.  LXXXVH,  2;  a',  e.— 2)  mostly  pi.  (=xbra) 
setting.  Ib.  L,  1.  Targ.  Josh.  I,  4;— [Targ.  Ps.  XIX,  6 
X*:S2  "bra  r,~"xa  Ms.  (read  M^bra;  ed.  only  XM"nX2).] 

fcO"v2?D  m.,  pi.  constr.  "'brbra  (brbr)  that  which  is 
to  be  explored,  weak  points.  Targ.  Y.  Gen.  XLII,  9;  12 
Levita  (Ar.  "'bb?a;  ed.  xn^r-ja  r— r). 

rk$12,  XniZ  '12  pr.  n.  pi.  Mdalath  MWa.    Targ. 




Y.  I  Num.  XXXH,  3;  37  (b.  text  hteVfc;  0.  some  ed.  ''VM 
M31;  Y.II  xbsb). 

Sr^D  f.  pi.  (bbs)  income.  Pesik.  B.  s.  31  (emend,  in 
ed.  Fr.)  xnpES  "OZJ  Kbl  'a  "SO  Xlirn  am^li:  a  bad  neigh- 
bor counts  (bis  neighbor's)  income  but  not  (his)  expenses. 

"TZj2JD  m.  (b.  h. ;  las)  1)  standing  up;  B.UJlai  '12  stand- 
ing up  and  sitting  down,  halt  of  the  funeral  escort  on  re- 
turning from  burial  for  lamentation  or  consolation.  Tosef. 
Pes.  II  (III),  15  '31  "ml  'a  "px  no  less  than  seven  halts  are 
made.  lb.  14  'lai  'a  nittwb  iar«ia  Wp«  where  it  is  custom- 
ary to  make  halts  (on  the  eve  of  Tassover).  B.  Bath.lOOb 
"lava  <nb  lay  arranged  for  her  sake  a  ma  amaa'&c.  Meg.IV,3 
(23'')nitt35T3  rnnBn...'a'ptt)13>,pNwe  arrange  no  mdamadkc. 
with  less  than  ten  persons;— B.Bath. I.e.  Dlpa..TJian 
"Hasa  if  one  sells  his  grave,  the  road  to  his  grave,  or  his 

halting  place—  Plxrras^.  lb. ninujiai 'a  'Ta  pnniB  px  no 

less  than  seven  &c,  v.  supra.— 2)  {\&w)  presence  of  witnesses, 
judges  &c.  lb.  144a  bot.  "nmbttJ  TaSoa  in  the  presence  of  us 
three  (the  owner,  the  trustee,  and  the  recipient).  Y.  Shebu. 
VI,  37a  top;  Y.  Gitt.  IX,  50c  bot.,  v.  Tax.  Y.  Keth.  XIII, 
36a  bot.  n*iasa:3  p&Bttn  when  her  father  made  the  promise 
in  her  presence;  a.  fr. —  3)  post,  a  division  of  popular 
representatives  deputed  to  accompany  the  daily  services 
in  the  Temple  with  prayers,  and  also  a  corresponding 
division  in  the  country  towns,  answering  to  the  divisions 
(guards,  v.  laiua)  of  priests  and  Levites.  Taan.  IV,  2  bs> 
'31  'a  tTTi  "lattjan  laiua  b=i  corresponding  to  every  guard 
was  a  post  of  priests,  Levites  and  Israelites  stationed  in 
Jerusalem,  lb.  4  'a  in  pX  no  prayer  meeting  of  the 
ma'amad  took  place. — 'a  "TOX,  v.  UJiJX;  a.  fr. — PI.  as  ab. 
lb.  2  'a  "(rt  ibx  this  is  the  origin  of  the  md amadoth.  lb. 
27 b,  a.  e.  'a  xbabx  but  for  the  prayer  meetings  of  &c. 
Meg.  Ill,  6  miasro  niUSaa  'a2  at  the  prayer  meetings  the 
first  chapter  of  Genesis  was  read  (one  section  each  day 
of  the  week). 

TZ2§D  m.  (las  II)  support,  frame.  Sabb.  60a;  15b 
'atl  T!X  "bin  bsn  (in  levitical  law)  everything  depends 
on  the  nature  of  the  support  (e.  g.  the  seal  is  judged  by 
its  setting,  the  ladder  by  its  frame).  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Bath. 
II,  5  'a?  a  piece  of  a  web  which  can  be  used  for  the 
weaver's  frame,  v.  flVrTS.  —  PI.  *p'  jlua^j.  Y.  Yeb.  XII,  12d  top 
•p?  btU  '12  the  main  body  of  the  shoe  made  of  wood.  Y. 
Sabb.  VI,  8b  fTSBfO  Tnx  it  depends  on  the  nature  of  its 
supporters  (i.  e.  the  parts  which  keep  the  framework  in 
position;  (Bab.  ib.  60a  WHaOa;  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.  Ill, 

13  enmbian). 

U^12^D  m.  pi.  (b.  h.;  pas)  depths.  Ab.d' 
nblss  igasafc  TrmttB  when  f  went  down  to  the  depths 
of  the  abyss. 

m\pT2,  Lev.  R.  8.  32  nasana,  v.  asa. 

HiSjQ  m.  (b.  h. ;  nss  I)  answer.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  VIII 
'a  lb  ixxa  xb  they  knew  not  what  to  answer  him. 

."v^  f-  (b.h.;  preced.)  1)  turn  of  the  plough,  furrow, 
fttrrotifS  length.    Tosef.  Hull.  IV  (V),  6.    Ohol.  XVII,  2; 

a.  e.  —  2)  (perh.  hDSam.)  handle  of  the  plough;  coulter. 
Tosef.  Shebi.  Ill,  20  'a  nb  -padi  xbttJ  ISbai ;  Y.  ib.  IV, 
35bbot.  'an  nx  -yvao^  xbttJTnbm  provided  that  (in  training 
the  cow  for  ploughing)  he  will  not  press  the  coulter  (so 
as  to  make  the  appearance  of  real  ploughing). 

"pDS^P,  ^~$12  m.  OSS  I)  augur  from  clouds.  Targ. 
O.  Deut.  XVIlif,  10  **a  ed.  Berl.  (oth.  ed.  '|J?a,  )}&&).— 
PL  RMMW,  ySSJW,  '??a.   Ib.  14  'jft  ed.  Berl.  (oth.  ed.  'Istt, 

NlD^D,  v.  xniasa. 

T     :    -    -'  t    : 

KiiKjQ  v.  x^?_. 

TTPiDTD,  TnpVl2  f.  (denom.  of  IBS)  [duster,]  apron, 
any  garment  for  the  protection  of  clothes.  Zeb.  94b;  Hull. 
123J  'a  "na  enough  to  be  used  as  an  apron.  Sabb.  9b 
'31  '12  IT^tfJa  from  the  time  he  puts  the  hair-cutters'  wrap 
upon  his  knees.  Ib.  '31  to'iBSa  rWUJa  (Rashi:  lrniSSa) 
from  the  time  he  shakes  his  wrap  off  (to  prepare  for 
bathing). — Esp.  a  travelling  cloak  with  a  hood  (cmp.  Sm. 
Ant.  s.  v.  Cucullus),  also  a  short  cloak  with  a  hood  (pal- 
liolus).  Tosef.  Meg.  IV  (III),  30  '31  'an  Cf»S  for  one  wrapt 
in  a  travelling  cloak,  a  birrus  ....  it  is  unbecoming  to 
read  &c.  Sifre  Deut.  234  '31  xbUJ'nb  BIB  exclude  a  mdafo- 
reth  with  which  one  cannot  cover  his  head  and  the  larger 
portion  of  his  body;  Yalk.  ib.  933  (not'BTSa).  Y.  Ter.VII, 
44d  bot.  irnBSa.  Sabb.  120a;  Y.  ib.  XVI,  15d  (one  of  a  class 
of  clothes  permitted  to  be  saved  on  the  Sabbath).  Lev.R. 
s.2;  Pesik.  Shek.,  p.  17\  —  PI.  rri^lKW,  nisOBSa.  Ib. 

\UsJ2  m.  (denom.  of  IB")  pitchfork  for  the  first  stage 
of  winnowing  (to  remove  dust  &c),  v.  "OSa. 

fc^D^Q  1-  (v.  P^Wga)  cloak  with  a  hood.  Targ.  I  Kings 
XX,  3V  41  (Ar.  XTlBSa;  Kimhi  KrVTBSO;  h.  text  "®X).— 
PI.  ^B?a.  Y.  Sabb.  VI,  8b  bot.  (transl.  rYtttWKO,  Is.  Ill,'  22) 
'ai  pnbip  colobia  and  m. 

S"HB3?Q,  Y.  Bice.  Ill,  65d  'al  'pSattJ,  v.  X^BS. 

TTWDt  v.  pniwjg. 
NFnB9D,  v.  xnssa. 

t   :    -  -:    —  t  :  -  - 


DTRS^Q,  Y.  Sabb.  XIV,  14c  bot.,  v.  trrna?. 

I^^D  m.  (b.  h.;  1*3  to  cut)  adze.  B.  Kam.  X,  10  Ha 
'an  X^Xia  ttnnniB  the  chips  which  the  carpenter  makes 
with  the  adze;  Tosef. ib. XI,  15.  Kel.  XIII,  4.  Sabb.  XII,  1 
(the  stone-cutter's  trimming  adze).  Sifre  Deut.  308;  Yalk. 
Deut.  942,  v.  bpB.  Kel.  XXIX,  6  niai^b  bl!3  'an  the  battle- 
axe  of  the  legions.  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Bath.  I,  7  "ISXB  (corr. 
ace);  a.  e.—  PI.  pnxra.  Arakh.  VI,  3  (Bab.  ed.  23bpi3>sa, 
corr.  ace). 

fcCGC^D,  'S?D  m.  (T43?)  vat.  Targ.  Is.  LXIII,  2,  sq.; 
a.  fr.— Ab.  Zar  60a  (Ar.  X^XB),  v.  »'!'*?.— P/.  Xj'TXSa,  '2f?B. 
Targ.  Is.  XVI,  10. 

fctFH^iC,  '2912  I  f.  (preced.)  press-room  (=h.  rTtS 

wan,  v.  fa).  Targ.  Num.  XVIII,  27  (h.  text  2p^).— Ab. 
Zar.  70'.   lb.  74b  "W^SSW  my  press-room;  a.  e. 

STm^Q  II  f-  (isr;  cmp.  rrow,  KFnssi)  meeting 
room,  school-house.  Erub.  49a;  60a. 

p"^,  p"3?£  (v.  pla)  to  ftea^,  stamp;  trnsf.  to  scorn. 
Part,  p-r-2,  f.  X-'-:- -.  Targ.  II  Kings  XIX,  21 ;  Is.  XXXVII, 

22,  v.  pra.— T.  Ber.  II,  4(1  top  V?  rp^a  yvw  . .  .  -ina*> 

to-morrow  they  will  be  with  us  (the  dead),  and  now  they 
scorn  us  (by  treading  on  our  graves). 

Jlp^Z  m.  (b.  h.;  npr  to  restrain)  railing.  M.  Kat.  I, 
10.  Si'fre  Deut.  229  'ari  "JO  TIBS  not  subject  to  the  law  &c. 
(Dent.  XXII,  8).  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.  VIII,  2,  v.  MQ-ip;  a. 
e.— 'a  Pra  pr.  n.  pi.  Beth-Ma' akeh.    Y.  Maas.  Sh.  IV,  54d 

bot.,  v.  moo  in. 

"-pIp^E  f.  C,'pr)  sf%.  Koh.  R.  to  VI,  11  [read:]  IX 
'■z  son  IK  TKm  K^n  either  a  bite  or  a  sting;  v.,  how- 
ever, Ttavm. 

^TJ>"12,  v.  Kpr?aii. 

D™1^2  m.  (b.  h. ;  2^)  sun-set,  West.  Erub.  IU,  5,  v. 
an*.   B'.  Bath.  II,  9  t&VC  west  of  the  town ;  a.  v.  fr. 

&0"1>E,  fcO""j?!C  ch.  same.  Targ.  Pro  v.  VII,  9  2?sa 
UXtT  \h.  text  Dl^n-ir).  Targ.  Gen.  XXVHI,  14;  a.  fr.— In 
Talmud  Babli  'a  the  West,  Palestine.  Ber.  2b  'an  in  the 
Palestinian  colleges.  Yeb.  117a;  a.  fr. — [Lev.  R.  s.  17  'an 
■naat,  read  H*aa*J»oai  v.  22-';".]— [Sot.  41b'a  12  prob.  pr. 
n.  m.] 

nSjH^D  m.  ch.  =  h.  "Q^sa  western,  western  man 
Targ.  IsT  XXHI,  4.   Targ.  Joel*  II,  20;  a.  fr. 

swasrtpa  v.  22-:-. 

t   -  t  :   -    :  ••  :  - 

"QHI7Q  m.  (denom.  of  5HSO)  western.  Zeb.  V,  2;  a. 
fr. — Fern.  rWtJD.  lb.  3  'a  rP3"!BX  0"ip)  north-western 
corner  of  the  altar.  B.  Bath.  25b  rWW:  'a  pip  north- 
west; a.  fr.— [12-isa,  Tosef.  Par.  Ill,  6,  v.  2^5?.] 

#^yjT2  m.  (32-r)  whirlpool.  — PI.  constr.  "fetflSO. 
Targ.TJob  XXX VIII,  16. 

nn^j  f.  (b.  h.;  ir,  cmp.  TWt)  care.  Y.  Ber.  IV,  7d  top, 
v.  WO  II.'  Sabb.  33b  tttrnsok  Vim  go  back  to  your  cave 
(hiding  place).  Yeb.  119b;  a.  fr.— ttVBSon  Trsro,  v.  t&BOQ, 
— PI.  rn-tzra.   M.  Kat.  5b;  a.  fr. 

ficfrisa,  v.  ro-hm 

r  T  ..   _ 

:j  "1*12^2  m.  ("?)  board  on  which  the  baited  bread 
is  arranged  (Maim.);  rolling  pin  (R.  S.  a.  oth.).  Kel. 
XV,  2. 

TYDTlVlZ  ch.  same.  Y.  Sabb.  VII,  10a  bot  Dffia  'a2 
ytfU  (not  rntma)  he  who  beats  flax  (on  the  Sabbath) 
using  a  rolling  pin,  is  guilty  of  an  act  of  the  category  of 
grinding  (crushing  the  seeds). 

X?T\?P_,  'TOO,  v.  xpi?a. 

819  nicjra 

2"H3?Q  m.  (a"??  II),  D-qi?  'a(n)  «»Ao  causes  the  even- 
ings to  set,  name  of  the  first  section  of  the  night  prayer. 
Ber.  I2a  '21  'S  'an  fins  if  one  began  the  first  section  with 
ma' drib  'drabim  and  closed  with  'Creator  of  the  lights'. 
lb.  '3  'an  D^D  if  he  closed  with  m.  'dr.  (in  place  of  'Cre- 
ator of  the  lights').— [In  liturgy:  n^Sa  (r&SP)  the  night 

rOHSr/Q  f.  (b.  h.;  Tp3)  1)  arrangement,  order,  esp. 
pile  of  wood  on  the  altar  in  the  Temple.  Yoma  33a  ""nx 
'31  hbfti  'a  ...  'a  "HDa  Abbayi  related  the  order  of  the 
priestly  functions  in  behalf  of  the  college  .  .  as  follows: 
the  large  pile  comes  before  &c.  Tarn.  II,  3,  sq.  Tosef. 
Yoma  UI  (II),  3;  Yoma  45a;  a.  fr.— PI.  tfartSBO,  lb.  IV,  6; 
a.  fr.  —  2)  line  of  battle,  battle-field.  Midr.  Sam.  ch.  XI ; 
Yalk.  ib.  102  rTfl  'an  he  (Saul)  was  in  the  battle. 

D*D"OT,  Yalk.  Gen.  115,  read:  D^nsa. 

D"0"1?Z2  m.  pi.,  constr.  WW  (b.h.;  ?£»)  arrange- 
ments,' ordinances,  esp.  nanba  (',n3)  'a  the  regulations 
concerning  excuses  from  the  army  to  be  proclaimed  before 
battle  (Deut.  XX,  5—9).    Tosef.  Sot.  VII,  18  on  arriving 

at  the  frontier  he  says,  narta  fa  'a  siamb  -jVi  salvia  ■*> 
let  him  who  hears  (this)  go  to  hear  the  proclamation  of 
the  priest  of  war  (v.  Miaa) ;  "iaiK  ina  nanba  'an  what  is 
said  in  the  proclamation  before  the  battle?  Sot.  42btop 
nanba  'a  i"i21  ISam  listen  to  the  words  of  the  proclama- 
tion. Ib.  VIII,  2  '2"!  'a  fra  "'"an  "psaitt)  l^K  bs  all  these  listen 
to  the  words  of  the  priest  appointed  over  the  ordinances 
of  battle  and  go  back  &c;   Sifre  Deut.  193,  sq.— V.  Tj*!". 

S9H2D,  v.  Kftta. 

T    :   T    :'  t  :  t  : 

Sp13?D  m.  (pis)  run,  haste.  Targ.  Ps.  CXVI,  U. 

Sp"lS?Q  m.  (preced.)  fugitive.— PI.  **££«.  TarS-  Jer- 
XL VIII,  19  (ed.  Wil.  'gTfe;  ed.  Lag.  VPgViffy.  Targ.Y. 
Lev.  XXVI,  36  lpi-ira  ('fira). 

S^";2E,  H7TOE  f.  ch.=h.  n-?a.  Targ.  Gen.  XIX, 
30;  a.Tfr.  — SabbT33b,  a.  fr.— Esp.  burial  cave.  B.  Bath. 
58a  omnsn  'a  the  cave  where  Abraham  was  buried ; 
— PI.  xrisa.  Targ.  I  Sam.  XIII,  6.— B.  Bath.l.  c.  -pxa  mn 
'a  undertook  to  mark  the  burial  caves. 

7VZj$]2  m.  (b.  h. ;  rites)  deed,  act;  practice;  fact,  event. 
Yeb.  IV,  9  'a  ...  nias-va  IS  until  thy  older  brother  takes 
action  concerning  her  (v.  nx^bn  a.  0*12 "•).  Ab.  I,  17,  v. 
BS-TO.  Kidd.40b,  v.  W&.  B.  Bath.  130b  . .  robn  T*TBJ&  "pK 
'ab  ViDbn  ...  'a  *Ba  K^l  you  dare  not  derive  a  law  either 
from  a  theoretical  decision  or  from  an  act  (of  your  teachers) 
unless  they  declare  their  decision  a  rule  for  practical 
guidance.  Ib.,  a.  fr.  21  'a  a  practical  decision  is  a  teacher 
(a  guiding  precedent).  Yeb.  XV,  2  mVD  '321  and  only  in 
the  same  way  as  it  (the  precedent)  happened.  Ib.  116b, 
n*~'r  'a  filttJa  on  account  of  an  occurrence.  Ib.  . .  'J'rTU 
'31  '12  rrm . .  only  for  the  Jordan  and  for  a  ship  exactly  as 
the  event  took  place,  they  established  the  ordinance  &c. 
Ber.  I,  1  *b*l  1X21  'a  it  happened  that  &c.  Bets.  Ill,  2  rHUSa 




'31  D"13J?a  it  happened  that  a  gentile  brought  &c.  lb.  '24", 
a.  fr.  nVOV  'a  you  quote  a  fact  which  disproves  your 
rule!  Yeb.  70b  iB"tt3  'ai  'a  "ibina  he  (the  uncircumcised) 
lacks  an  act  and  this  to  be  performed  on  his  body;  a. 
fr. —  'a  ^1D3X  (sub.  D^BS)  men  in  whose  behalf  miracles 
occur,  saints.  Sot.  IX,  15;  a.  fr.— rWta  nfcwa,  Q^D3  ',0  &c, 
v.  respective  determinants. — PI.  a-'iUSa,  constr.  "V^a.  B. 
Kam.  95b,  a.  fr.  fi"P  ^33  'a  Ntt  is  it  not  a  daily  occur- 
rence? Tosef.  Nidd.  IV,  3  '31  "pV*1  'a  ^31U  my  father 
brought  the  report  of  two  precedents  from  Tibin  to  Jab- 
neh.   Ber.  32b  WW  'a  good  deeds;  a.  v.  fr. 

NDEJSQ  m.C|l»$)  stronghold.  Targ.  Prov.  X,29(Ms.'trca). 

"IIEOT  m.  (b.  h.;  denom.  of  1*5)  tithe.— ■'»  naYW  the 
tithe  of  the  tithe  which  the  Levite  owes  to  the  priest 
(Num.  XVIII,  26);  'a  or  "pENI  'a  the  first  tithe  belonging 
to  the  Levite;  ">3M5  'a  the  second  tithe  to  be  consumed 
by  the  owner  in  Jerusalem  (Deut.  XIV,  22,  sq.);  *>X5  'a 
the  poor  man's  tithe,  every  third  year  (ib.  XXVI,  12). 
Maas.  Sh.  V,  6 ;  a.  v.  fr.— Fl.  WH^SO  (nr«2»a).  Maasr.  I,  1 
'ascitis  subject  to  tithes; — Ma' asroth, Ma' aser 
Sheni,  respective  names  of  two  treatises  of  Mishnab,  To- 
sefta  and  Talmud  Y'mshalmi,  of  the  Order  of  Z'raim. 

W^WD,  t$Q,  %  ch.  same.  Targ.  Num.  XVIII, 
26  (eel.  Berl.  '03>a);  a.  fr.— Targ.Y.  Deut.  XII,  6  fbtniWa 
(collective  noun).— PI.  *£&»»,  'osa,  '90;  WTiteWB.  Targ. 
Num.  XVIII,  28;  Targ.  0.  Deut.' i.  c.  yO"nt»a  ed.  Berl. 
(ed.  Vienna  'WtoSti).  Targ.  Mai.  Ill,  8 ;  10 ;  a.  fr. 

^toQ,  v.  preced. 

D^DDD,  v.  sub  '2T?a. 

$^$012  m.  (3>5C)  mafgi'a  {plague),  name  of  an  animal 
of  which  the  lion  is  afraid,  the  Aethiopian  gnat  (Levys. 
Zool.  d.  Talm.  p.  316).  Sabb.  77b  (Rashi:  a  small  beast 
frightening  the  lion  with  its  howl). 

NrfiHJElQf.  (TjbI)  desolation.  Targ.  Is.  XLIX,  19. 

myntfQ,  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XXII,  16  some  ed.,  v.  JOYnSa. 

H£Q  f.  (MB3)  1)  flag.  Num.  R.  s.  2  'a  mB51  fcP»tt»  bsb 
5221  for  each  prince  a  flag  of  a  different  color.  Ib.  'a  SIX 
the  color  of  the  flag;  a.  f i\— [PI. rviEa.  Mekh.  B'sliall.  s.2, 
v.  SlESa.] — 2)  (crap,  Lat.  mappa,  of  Punic  origin)  napkin, 
towel.  Ber.  VIII,  3 ;  a.  fr. — 3)  bandage  around  a  scroll.  Y. 
Meg.  I,  71d ;  Y.  Erub.  X,  26b  top  'a  Vb5>  fWD  ISO  a  scroll 
which  is  not  bandaged  (so  that  the  writing  is  partly  ex- 

rnBjQ  m.  (b.  h.  HBa;  HSD)  1)  mechanic's  belloivs,  con- 
trad,  to  niBIEU)  blowing  tube.  Tosef.  Bets.  Ill,  15.— 
2)  smithy.  Tanh.  Vayesheb  1,  v.  V*r»5— Gen.  B.  s.  84  r&lh 
niDB  h*»TO,  read:  irWBa,  v.  HB3. 

SniSD,  ntl^lSD  ch.  same,  bellows.  Taan.  12a  'a 
'31  SO?a*i  belows  full  of  wind  (abstinence  without  merit). 

DViBO,  v.  obs. 

Sn5lS!Q,  ri^SQ  f.  (Vfi5)  l)  dropping,  throwing  seed. 
Arakh.  25a  f  'aa  .  .  .  S"it  To  we  assess  the  value  of  a 
field  by  the  quantity  of  seed  ...which  it  takes  when  strew- 
ing with  the  hand,  opp.  to  d^THttJ  'a  strewing  from  a 
perforated  bag  or  wagon  drawn  by  oxen;  B.  Mets.  105b; 
a.  e. — Y.  Ber.  Ill,  6C  hot.  T1  rtasan  with  one  and  the  same 
throw. — 2)  falling  in,  debris.  Ber.  3a,  sq.  you  must  not 
enter  a  ruined  building  for  prayer  'an  "<3Ea  because  it 
may  fall  in.  Y.  Sabb.  XVI,  15d  top  'an  TTB  .  .  "pV^a  we 
must  save  (on  the  Sabbath)  ....  persons  buried  under 
debris.  Pes.  II, 3  'a  r^>3>  H^BSttJ  yan  leavened  matter  cover- 
ed with  debris;  a.  fr. — 3)  (=nbaa)  downfall.  Y.  Ber.  V. 
beg.  8(1  ann  m^na  btt)  'ai  Jeremiah  closed  with  proph- 
esying the  downfall  of  the  destroyers  of  the  Temple; 
(Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  IV  l^Baa). 

D^plD/G  m.  pi.  (v.  KJ31BII)  gliding,  sinking.  Koh. 
R.  to  VIII,  11  (in  Chald.  diet.)  yiflb  Tfb  . .  .  ?\b9  Vrtrt*  «n 
'a  (some  ed.  'p^Ba)  those  haughty  ones  (or  Romans)  go 
in,  .  .  .  go  out,  they  never  slip. 

fcOniSD,  fcOniDQ  (a  feigned  denom.  of  rWD,  v. 

T  :  •    :    -  t  :      •    :    -  " 

KiFitsa)  Iwillbe  a  pazih  (a  substitute  for  nazir).  Y.Naz. 
I,beg.51a  tOinSa  (corr.  ace);  Ned.  10b  fcOmEa  (corr.acc); 
v.  MJpwa. 

nSQ  m.  (b.  h. ;  HB3)  blowing,  expiring;  UJB3  HBa  ex- 
haustion, despair.  Tanh.  Sh'mini  11.  —  [Tosef.  B.Bath. 
II,  17  nsa,  read  with  ed.  Zuck.  MT"!Bal  v.  TOSh.] 

SnDpm.,  S?jnDiG  f.  ch.  same;  11JB3  HBa,  nnaa 
despair.  Targ.  Job  XI,  20.  Targ.  Is.  XVII,  11.  Targ.  Deut. 
XXVIII,  65  msa  (ed.  Vien.  f$fQ,  pi.  constr.;  Y.  rnEa).— 
[Pi.  ynsa.  Targ.  Ps.  XI,  6  anibxi  'a,  v.  MB3.] 

fcOjnBO,  v.  KjntBa. 
"jrtSO,  nnSQ,  v.  ansa. 

)nt2DQ,  Sifre  Deut.  43,  v.  p^OW. 
Tt2DD  m.  v.  TJB. 

STSDD/O  m.  (IDE)  dismissal  from  school,  reading  of 
Scriptures  and  prayers  at  dismissal. — PI.  ^XSBQ.  Ber. 
53b  WHOBa  fFSa  (Ms.  P.i'nBBa  Kpl)  at  the  time  of  their 
dismissal  with  devotional  exercises ;  "O  "frr  JOT3  (Ms.  F. 
inb  "naSa  Hp*\)  not  at  dismissal  (when  they  recite  merely 
for  practice). 

&03DQ,  &OI3EQ  f.  (TJB)  divorced.   Targ.  Y.  Lev. 

t   :    :    •  t    :   -    •         v     -r 

XXI,  7 ;  14. 

nt2Jin5^,  ^??  (b-h0  Pr-  n-  m-  Mephiboshcth,  son 
of  Jonathan,  fabled  to  be  a  great  scholar  and  acknowl- 
edged by  David  as  his  teacher.  Ber.  4a.  Num.  R.  s.  8; 
a.  fr.— Erub.  531',  v.  3:3. 

&OTTSE,  v.  fcomsa. 

DnSD,  b^BQ  pr.  n.  pi.  Memphis  in  Egypt.  Targ.  Jer. 
II,  16,  a.e.  (h.  text  #).  Targ.  Ez.  XXX,  13  DEa  ed.Wil.— 

V.  D^B3^. 



D^p'SQ,  v.  dT3*«. 

K"n"5)D|  Yalk.  Lev.  547,  tV0)»  Vr  13,   read:  RRSttft 
~ZJ2  inf.  of  ~EX. 

*"^£/2  f.  (b.  h.;  ?tl)  fall,  downfall.  Gen.  R.s.  17  nbnn 
rtfil  "3  the  beginning  of  (moral)  ruin  is  sleep  (laziness); 
Yalk.  ib.  23  nfljBQ  (pi.).  Snh.  39b  D^SttJI  V»  *jn3Btt  the 
downfall  of  the  wicked;  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  IV,  v.  PSfe?;  a. 
fr— PI.  rftao.   Yalk.  1.  c;  a.  e. 

rC25£Q  f.  (b.  h.;  ybS)  debauchery,  name  of  an  idol. 
Ab.  Zar.  44*  v.  xr-::*-'-. 

DjQQj  v.  nViBo. 

S""^2  f.  ch.=h.  tt;B~,  a.  PlViBa.  Targ.  Ez. XXXI,  13  ; 
16;  a.Tfr.— P/.  XT^E*:.  Y.  Taan.  Ill,  end,  67a  pri  y**t\  '- 
ruinous  houses  were  there. 

tljSiZ  m.  (n:s)  vacancy.  Toh.  X,  5  "an  tfpo  a  vacant 

"S3,  v.  B^Q. 

■'^SDTZ,  Gen.  R.  s.  63  K»B*1  '3,  v.  rsl. 

pir'C  m.  (part.  pass,  of  p:a)  brought  up  in  wealth, 
delicate,  fastidious.  Targ.  Prov.  IV,  3;  a.  e.  —  Keth.  67b 
-xr.  ■b"=  "2  is  he  used  to  such  comforts? — B.  Earn.  84a 
';*.  '~~  \l'":"X  X="X  one  man  is  delicate  and  feels  pain  more 
intensely,  another  is  hardened  &c;  a.e.— P/.""p:E"C,  "p:E~. 
Targ.  Is.  XLIV,  4 ;  a.  e.— Hag.  4a  sq.  'O  l*rvb  to  include 
delicate  persons  (that  do  not  walk  barefooted).  Sabb.  109a; 
a.  fir.  —  Tern.  X~:s  -,  bttn{33BO.  Targ.  O.  Deut.  XXVIII,  56 
(Y.  xp:-E-3).  Targ.Is.XLYII,  8 ;  a.e.-P/.xrpSE-a.xnxp^r:. 
Targ.  Lam.  IV,  3. 

fc^pZSQ  f.  (preced.)  used  as  adv.  in  the  manner  of  a 
nobleman.  Targ.  I  Sam.  XV,  32  (h.  text  nunsa). 

\pZZ12,  HT^'p^'D  f.  (preced.)  good  breeding;  de- 
licacy, fastidiousness.  Targ.  0.  Deut.  XXVIII,  56  ed.  Berl. 
(Ms.  I  ^pafPO,  some  ed.  p:snx,  v.  Berl.  Targ.  O.  II,  p.  58; 
Y.  xp:~S). — Pes.  50b  JCM  tJ  Bicra  it  is  merely  because 
they  are  used  to  indulgence  (idleness).  Hag.6axr""r_ '"  HSU 
'z*i  Hannah  saw  in  Samuel  extraordinary  tenderness  (saw 
that  he  was  a  very  delicate  child). 

&£3%3i  v.  p&a. 
Ci -,  v.  wro. 

h^Iose,  v.  sfcVow. 

SrOrTlOBOf.  (5B5)  trotting.  Targ.  Jer.  VIII,  16  ed. 
Lag.  (ed.'  ntTOB,  Kimhi  rWWDZJ).  Ib.  XLVII,  3  (ed.Wil. 


821  pyifitt 

TOG&Q  f.  (5CS)  1)  plane.  Kel.  XIII,  4  (ed.  Dehr.  5 ; 
Mish.'ed.  tPteftO;  Maim,  in  comment.  r&2B"2). — 2)  sculp- 
tor's chisel.  Tosef.  Sabb.  XIII  (XIV),  17,  v.  rt3|TO. 

Sr!>CD"2,  S^f.  ch.  (preced.)  sculptor's  tcork,  en- 
graving. Targ.  Ps.  LXXIV,  6  r';CE"-2  ed.  Lag.  (some  ed. 
"iCS-D;  ed.  Wil.  'BS),  v.  "iBO'to. 

"JTDQ  m.  ("fSE  to  split)  mat  of  reeds,  bark  &c;  the  poor 
man's  mattress.  B.  Mets.  113b  in  cases  of  seizure  for  debt 
we  must  allow  '31  'Ol  SlB^al  !"lIi'1E  a  (dining)  couch  and 
a  couch  with  matting  to  the  poor  man,  contrad.  to  VTZ. 
Sabb.  84a,  sq.   Kel.  XXVH,  2;  a.  fr. 

#1£)12  ch.  same.— PI.  "ttDB.   Sabb.  65»  -nan  WO  'Ol 

t    :    —  ••  ■  ~ 

and  had  mats  for  them  (spread  at  the  bottom  of  the  river 
in  which  they  bathed;  oth.  opin.  put  up  on  the  shore  as 
screens)  in  the  days  of  Tishri;  Ned.  40b;  a.  e. 

SI  ?2Z£D  f.  plane,  v.  riVWfl. 

!Sp£72,  v.  xpx*m 

SjpDG  m.  (ps?)  1)  =h.  xsia,  coming  forth;  KT31  'a 
spring;  (of  a  building)  exit;  (of  troops)  exodus,  march. 
Targ.  II  Kings  II,  21.— jR.'paDBB.  Targ.  Ps.  CXXVI,  4.— 
Targ.  Ez.  XLII,  11.  Targ.  Num.  XXXHI,  2  (ed.  Berl.  E"; 
Y.  ed.Vien. '£"?);  a.  e.— 2)  discharge  from  the  bowels.  Gitt. 
56b,.v.  xfev.—Y.  xnpas. 

T  T  -.  -  Tr:  — 

SrfiDpSDE  f.  same,  1)  source;  mine.  Targ.  Ps.  CVH, 
33.  Targ.  I  Chr.  I,  23;  a.  e. — 2)  that  which  comes  forth, 
sprouting.  Targ.  Job  XXXVIH,  27.— Targ.  Ps.  LXXXIX, 
35  (Targ.  0.  Deut.  XXIH,  24  MpBX).— 3)  going  out,  leaving. 
Targ.  Ex.  XXI,  7  (ed.  Vienna  'fZ).  Targ.  Ps.  LXVIH,  21 
NTOOa  rvupBia  death. — V.  next  w. 

SrpS£  f.  (preced.)  =h.  nyBPj,  1)  discharge,  excrement. 
Constr.'npS^.  Targ.  Ez.  IV,  12^  Targ.O.  Deut.  XXIII,  14  (ed. 
Lisb.'rpEp;  Ms.  'r«pEp);  a.  e.— Sabb.  134a  rT*53BO  fa) 
its  anus. — 2)  expense,  outlay.  Lev.  R.  s.  34  "o  'jX'O'n  *,a  (not 
X^)  who  shall  make  the  outlay  ? ;  Yalk.  ib.  665. 

rDVSQ,  v.  rarnsso. 

WTlSQ  m. Ci"iE) icife's settlement— PI. constr. "Wtta. 
Targ.TY.  Ex.* XXII,  16  (not  WfcOj  O.  ■*£*# 

fctrPPHBD  f.  pi.  (rns)  foose  tf*rea<fe  o/"  a  tassel, 
fringes^  Sabb=.  59b. 

rD"HDl2  f.,  pi.  nfe"*^  (T*E)  =  iWO,  press-beam  or 
s^one/B.  Bath.  67b  Ms.  M.'(ed.  T«g;lb.  R.  ^E^);  Y.ib. 
IV,  beg.  Uc;  Tosef.  ib.  Ill,  2. 

THBDi  v.  --£■=. 

WlSO  m.,  infin.  of  "p_Q  q.  v. 


v.  next  w. 

p2^E/C  m.  (part.  pass,  of  p.3")Q)  =p?Bti.  Targ.  Y.  I  Deut; 
XXVLn,54.— Pm.XpT5"iffi3,  xnp3-iSB.  Ib.  56  (not  xp:-t". 
Ar.  xr^p:-!E").  —  PI.  WJitfW  Targ.  Y.  Num.  XXXI,  50. 





•  HS/G  m.  (:"ia)  upsetting;  "db  (adv.;  cmp.  "Sft)  1)  ir- 
regularly,  out  of  order.  Meg.  II,  1  "6b  .  . .  X~i1pri  lie  who 
reads  the  Book  of  Esther  in  an  irregular  way  (corresp. 
to  YWTQ,  ib.  181'  top).  lb.  17a(ref.  to  Bath.  IX,27)  astf?  na 
xb  'ab  ddro  C)X  xb  'a?  as  you  cannot  disregard  the  order 
of  these  days  in  celebrating  their  season,  so  you  must  not 
transpose  the  order  in  which  the  events  of  these  days 
are  described.  Ib.  (ref.  to  Esth.  IX,  28)  xb  'ab  rTW8»  rta 
X?  tab  tWQ\  C|X  as  you  cannot  subvert  the  celebration, 
so  you  must,  not  subvert  the  order  of  recitation.  Ber. 
13*;  Sot.  32b;  a.  e.  —  2)  backward,  retroactively,  retro- 
spectively, opp.  Xdltbl  "jXSa.  Snh.  27a  bbSS  Xin  fob  he  be- 
comes disqualified  as  witness  reti-oactively,  i.  e.  his  tes- 
timonies are  invalidated  from  the  time  that  he  perjured 
himself  (opp.  Xdfibl  ",3">a,  v.  Xdlll).  Erub.  37b,  sq...XXdi1 
"2b  and  the  retroactive  result  would  be  that  he  drank 
untithed  wine  at  the  time;  Y.  Dem.  VII,  26b  iJPfcttb. 
Y.  Gitt.  Ill,  end,  451'  yxpm  WEB  XlH  tSrmh  is  it  to  be 
considered  as  sour  wine  at  the  time,  i.  e.  from  the  day 
that  he  was  bound  to  examine  it?  Tosef.  Sot.  XI,  9  ..fi38 
'ab  . .  count  thirty-three  days  backward.  Gen.  R.  s.  49 
'ab  "p  TVtr;  take  up  the  argument  going  back  gradually 
(from  fifty  to  forty-five  &c);  a.  fr.— Tosef.  Ber.  IV,  19,  sq. 
"2b  "pdb  to  say  the  blessing  after  meal,  opp.  HplTtO(p)j 
Pes.  101 b. 

ff>Fl>  JSG  f.  (>"nBI)  tearing  open,  esp.  (sub.  n"d)  the 
place  of  the  abdomen  which  the  butcher  strikes  when 
tearing  the  peritoneum.  Hull.  50b  (expl.  id'aSfi  013)  'a 
(some  ed.  WISHED). 

pHDD  m.  (pnftj  cmp.  p^G)  joint.  —PL  constr.  T^lSS. 
Naz.  52b  '21  D^i  "a  the  joints  of  arms  and  legs. 

n^^SG  f.  (b.  h. ;  preced. ;  cmp.  xnipBX)  [that  which 
branches' off,]  neck,  nape.  Hull.  I13a  '31  RPfTOB  idlirn 
he  who  breaks  the  neck  of  a  slaughtered  animal  before 
it  is  dead.  Zeb.  65b  'al  rVTRB  ~nin  he  cuts  (with  his  nail) 
the  spinal  column  and  the  nape;  Hull.  21a;  28a.  Ib.  10b 
(in  Chald.  diet.)  dMB^X  th  dSSd  the  knife  may  have  been 
notched  on  striking  the  neck-bone ;  a.  fr. 

w  Ji^J  m.  (v.'ihs)  one  ivho  undertakes  a  voyage.  Gitt. 
VI,  5  '31  XSV%Tl  'aH  one  who  starts  for  a  sea  voyage  or 
a  caravan  journey. — PI.  d"VinBa.  —  dVl  ''ftihBa,  dTa^  '12 
sea-farers.  Y.  Sabb.  II,  beg.  4C,  a.  e.  d">ai  'a  »  b'J  "TFWVi 
I  went  around  inquiring  of  all  sea-faring  people ;  (Bab. 
ib.  20b  xa^  inms).— [In  later  Hebr.  '12  commentator.] 

#TT*£ND£>12  f.  (dttJS;  v.  »*»"•)  stretching  out  hands 
and  feet,  prostration  at  prayers  (=h.  njIWttJh).  Y.  Ab. 
Zar.  IV,  43d  top  '31  HTOtfSI  xrvOiTft  'a  the  prostration 
on  fast  days  (that  it  must  not  be  done  on  stone  floors, 
v.  ib.,  a.  Meg.  22b),  and  the  arrangement  of  the  calendar 
with  regard  to  the  seventh  day  of  Succoth  (that  it  should 
not  fall  on  the  Sabbath),  v.  Wtt*lS;  Y.  Shebi.  I,  33b  hot.; 
Y.  Succ.  IV,  beg.  54b  'te'^jJSO.  T 

t*:  •  m-  (b- h-  J  nt??)  opening,  entrance.  Mikv.VIII,  1 
'3?  )"\n  (Var.  nnBb)  outside  of  the  (town)  gate;  Tosef.  ib. 
VI,  1  (R.  S.  to  Mikv.  1.  c.  finE).— Pesik.  R.  s.  37  WBlU  PIMM? 

'31  the  opening  of  his  lips  is  blessing  and  peace.  Sabb.  X  V,  2 
(1111')  Hplbn  '12  (Y.  ed.  WTOO)  the  neckhole  of  her  shirt; 
Y.  ib.  15b;  a.  e.—Pl.  bTtfflHft  constr.  "TifiB?.  Ber.  fila  bot. 
dbn  '12  "0125  'pd..HaVl  Y'i-p  man's  evil  inclination  resembles 
a  fly  and  is  seated  between  the  two  valves  of  the  heart ; 
Yalk.  Koh.  979;  Yalk.  Gen.  38— plbfi  '12,  v.  supra. 

nrDD  ch.  same,  opening.  Targ.  Ez.  XXIX,  21. 

nP©!Q  m.  (firs,  Pi.  2)  1)  engraver,  sculptor.  —  PI. 
d^HnBa.  Kel.  XXIX,  5  d^3dX  ^rtPBa  bw  ndpa  the  sculp- 
tors' mallet  (contrad.  to  TOO  stone-cutter).— 2)  seal-ring. 
Tosef.  Sabb.  IV  (V),  11  ITKMrtOlB  'd;  Sabb.  62b  rtTQffi  '3 
(corresp.  to  dnin  mbs  ttrvB  re'dd,  ib.  VI,  3). 

nf)S)0>  n^sHD/Q  c.  (b.h.;  nntt)  key.  Kel.  XIV,  8, 
v.  ndldix.  Bech.  45a.  Taan.  2a,  sq.';  a.  fr.  —  PL  r.inriBa, 
nin^Bpi   Tarn.  Ill,  6.   Taan.  1.  c;  a.  fr. 

fctnrplG  ch.  same.  Targ.  Jud.  Ill,  25.  Targ.  Is.  XXII, 
22.  Targ.  Y.  Deut.  XXVIII,  12;  a.  e.— Y.  Bets.  I,  60c  bot., 
v.  ynoaibs;  a.  e.  —  Midr.  Sam.  ch.  VII  '31  blSad  d^m  "2 
the  key  (of  the  College,  i.e.  Resh  Lakish,  the  chief  arguer, 
v.  infra)  is  in  Migdal  Z.;  Y.  Hor.  Ill,  beg.  47a  '12  13X1  (^Xl 
in)  and  where  is  the  key  ?  ;  Y.  Snh.  II,  20a  top  (incorrect 
version).— PL  piEtta,  KJlTflBO,  m*H  . .  .  Targ.  Y.  Deut.  1. 
c— Y.Sabb.  XIX,  16d  bot.— Trnsf.xnnBa  X"03,  or  rtfiFlBa 
a  scholar  that  opens  the  discussion,  arguer.  Y.  Sabb.  I, 
3a  bot.,  a.  e.  '12  '5.  Xlfil  ....  "jSK  mb  we  must  not  heed 
what  is  reported  in  behalf  of  R.  Shesheth,  for  he  is  an 
ai-guer,  i.  e.  brings  matters  up  for  mere  argument's  sake; 
Yalk.  Ps.  735  '12  Xinm  (read:  XlfTl). 

]r£>Q  m.  (b.h.) threshold.  Ab. Zar. 41b ;  Y. ib.  111,42''  top 
'31  "iTVn  'dd  15fi3  (sub.  rUBYTp)  they  revered  the  threshold 
more  than  the  Dagon;  a.  e.—Pl.  nisnSa.  Ib.  112:2?  ^"10^ 
'a  Hd3  the  Israelites  worshipped  many  thresholds. 

T     T  T     : 

feGSZQxn.,  ^?JDI2G  f.  (3S5)  plant,  set.  Targ.  Is.V,2 
dap  (ed.  Lag.  3a">d).— PL  XlTdSd.  Targ.  Mic.  I,  6  raSM  (ed. 
Wil.  nd^d,  ed.  Lag.  rasu). 

MJLI/G  f.  (b.  h.;  ds*')  array,  general  assembly.  Tanh. 
Nitsab.  \  (ref.  to  Deut.'xxiX,  9)  '31  "a  nii3a  •)»«»  rid  i2Bd 
why  did  Moses  call  them  for  a  general  meeting?  Because 
they  were  to  be  handed  over  from  one  administration  to 

t\ulll2{.  (b.  h. ;  d^*)  pillar,  statue,  monument.  Sifra 
K'dosh.  introd.  (idols  are  named)  dilai?  dnUJ  "0B3  'd 
matsebah,  because  they  are  made  to  stand.  Sifn'1  Deut. 
146  (ref.  to  Deut.  XVI,  22) '31  HdlfiXlU  '12  Hal  if  the  erec- 
tion of  a  pillar  which  was  loved  (of  the  Lord)  in  the 
fathers,  is  hateful  in  the  descendants  &c.  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  IV, 
44a  top  '12  imPX,  v.  1WJ ;  a.  fr. 

srv^nxn,  v.  unite. 

t   t  :   t    :  t 

1212,  pi.  nnsqt  v.  rni^. 

^l^C  I,  ^^"I12D  f.(7i&)  net, trap.  Targ.Jer.XLVIII, 




Targ.  Ex.  XXX VIII,  4  (Y.  some  ed.  Xr^:s~  coir. ace; 
h.  text  W1);  a.  ir.—Pl.  fpna,  WTOa.  Targ.  Is.  XIX,  8, 
sq.  (ed.  Wil.  '\TSt).  Targ.  Koh.  Vlf,  26  yn^.—  Y.  Sabb. 
XIII,  14a  bot.;'  Y.  Bets.  Ill,  62a  top  -WW  'a  by  lltteU 
are  meant  -woven  nets  (not  traps). — V.  MffftEU 

N~^2  II  m.  C&L*,  v.  N~-^-3)  /brf,  stronghold.— PL 
»;tB.  TTarg.  I  Sam.  XXII,  4,  sq.  (ed.  Wil.  KJjttO).  Targ. 
Ez.  VII,  7;  a.  e. 

Sr™^^  f.  (preced.  wds.)  1)  net,  v.  XTOa.  — 2)  /bW. 
Targ.  I  Sam.  XXIV,  1  (h.  text  WTOta);  a.  e.—Pl.  Strang, 
xr-^:.  Targ.  Jer.  XLVIII,  41.— V.  Kn*n»X 

n^C,  v.  -^-2  ii. 

T       T 

/  \'S!2  f.  (b.  h. ;  •"•J":)  1)  [dry, pressed  bread,]  unleaven- 
ed bread,  esp.  f/ie  bread  served  at  the  Passover  meal.  Pes. 
X,  3.  lb.  5  '=",  lo  ODD . . .  ~  -X  xri'  '"  whoever  does  not  ex- 
plain, at  the  meal,  the  following  three  ceremonies,  has  not 
done  his  duty,  and  these  they  are  :  the  Passover  sacrifice, 
the  eating  of  matsah  and  the  bitter  herbs.  Men.  V,  1  bz 
0  r*X2  :t::-  all  meal  offerings  are  offered  in  an  un- 
leavened condition,  opp.  VaFj.  Pes.  35a  .  .  d^XSfi  BHtTl 
'"'  maiTl  ->-P  -,ra  X3T  ="!S . .  one  performs  his  duty  of 
eating  matsah  (on  the  first  Passover  night)  with  such  things 
only  as  are  capable  of  leavening  (the  five  species  of 
grain);  a.  ir.  —  Pl.  fflJta.  Mekh.  Bo,  s.  8  'a  bz  ^St  JODB 
SOTOaa  I  might  think  anything  unleavened  is  included 
(may  be  used  for  eating  on  the  first  Passover  night);  a. 
fr.  —  _)  '-.~  -vr,  or  ''2  a  hide  not  tanned  by  a  process  of 
fermentation,  untanned  hide.  Kel.  XVII,  15.  Gitt.  22;i; 
Sabb.  79a  '=1  'a  p  WW  rrafctt  there  are  three  kinds  of 
hides,  matsah  &c,  v.  X~~S"n.  lb.  'z"\  l&affiza  'z  m.  is  what 
its  name  implies,  not  salted  and  floured  nor  tanned  with 

2}T£C  m.  (b.  h.;  3trs)  a  bright  metal;  'z  ntLTtf  (WO] 
bronze.  Targ.  II  Chr.  IV,  16  'z  WO  (h.  text  pVT3  miT:).— 
Y.  Succ.  V,  bb'x  top;  Arakh.  10b  (quot  fr.  Ezra  VIII,  27) 
atyao  r:r:. 

y&!2,  v.  ktzsko. 

\  \Z.  £12  111.(3^)  pyramid,  pyramidal  file.  Y.B.Mets. 
II,  81',  sq.,  v.  «£-"-. 

"2^1212,  12  "5  Pi-M'tsubah  (Maasub,  Neub. 
Geogr.  p.  22),  in  the  district  of  Tyre.  Y.  Dem.  II,  22'1  top 
(ed.  Krot.  raiXB  ;  Tosef.  Shebi.  IV,  9  xrrii  X21S). 

Sabb.  105a  (ex'pl.  OTHpJ'fc  (Ms.  6.  *^0Da,  v.  Babb.  D.  S. 
a.  1.  note  6)  the  thrums  or  slips  to  which  the  threads  of 
the  warp  are  attached.  Ib.b  "'d'UttJ  CpVtt  Ms.  0.  a.  Bashi 
(ed.  sr-ru-: ;  Ms.  M.  xrr*:i-;  Ms.  Alf.  xr-r-c-;,  v.  u'c) 
pulled  the  thrums  (of  his  garment,  to  indicate  his  anger). 
[— [2)  (v.  XSTS  II)  dry  ttvigs,  chips.  Succ.  29a  xp->T  xrx 
'a  ";=*;-•;  xpi  Ar.  (ed.  otto^s  two  xpi;  Ms.  M.  i  xri-rx; 
2S<rV"^;  ed.  Pes.  a.  oth.  "Z^)  a  wind  came  and  stirred  up 
the  withered  twigs  of  the  covering  of  the  Succah. 

TllSE,  v.  rtn*a 

SJTlffi2  m.  (is*)  stalk.— PL  V&3X8Q,  X~-:sz.  Targ.  Y. 
Gen.  XL,  10  (not  X^iS":).   Targ.  T*  I  ib.  12  (h.  text  'X+W). 

NTX2,  STIXQ  m.=  xns-s  II.—  PL  "ptwa,  K^pia, 
'WQ.  Targ!  Koh!  IX,  1 4.  Targ'.  I  Sam.  XXH.4,  sq.ed.Wii. 
(v.  m  II). 

nnilKS  f.  (b.  h.;  *flx)  hunting  apparatus,  net,  trap; 
bote.  Kel.  XXI,  3,  v.  IttA*.  Ib.  XV,  6  rnVrffl  mSBO  a 
trap  for  weasels.  Sabb.  43 b  'aa  Wrs"1  V&B  he  must  not 
spread  the  mat  so  as  to  form  a  trap  (for  the  bees).  Esth. 
B.  to  III,  2  (ref.  to  Ps.  CXL,  6)  '21  SY'nx  "4  HOIS  TJ  the 
nations  laid  a  trap  to  ruin  me,  saying  to  me,  worship 
idols  &c.  Ab.  Ill,  16  'albr  RtOhB  'a  a  net  is  spread  over 
all  the  living  (none  can  escape  divine  judgment);  a.  e. — 
Ber.  9b;  Pes.  119a  D^n  TQ  flM  IT  to  Ms.  M.  (v.  Babb. 
D.  S.  a.  1.  note  30)  like  a  net  without  fish;  (oth.  vers. 
" in .  .  tO  like  a  fort  without  provision;  Bashi:  like  a 
trap  without  grain  to  attract  the  birds),  v.  I"&EEQL — PL 
tftPCtq.  Tosef.  Bets.  Ill,  1;  Y.  Sabb.  XIII,  14a  bot,;  Y. 
Bets.  tH,  62a  top  trrOM;  a.  fr.— [Y.  Erub.  IV,  21'1  bot. 
nvnxn,  read:  r.-isixa.] 

SITO"!!^,  Tosef.  Bekh.  V,  3,  v.  IWrtlft  a.  yTX. 

#7\*Vl%,12  f.  ch.=h.  tVjmi,  1)  net,  trap.  Y.  Kil.  I,  27a 
bot.  *SI\  rtWOla  x:Ha  O-iS  X2tt  herewith  Kahana  laid 
his  net  for  Besh  Lakish  and  caught  him;  Gen.  B.  s.  7, 
end  (some  ed.  rTtPlSO};  a.  e.— 2)  stronghold.— Pi.  ROTOta. 
Targ.  Jud.  VI,  2  (ed.  Lag.  Xrx-S-).   V.  MffBOi 

/  I  ^  _  f.  (b.  h. ;  tvrs)  command,  esp.  religious  act,  mer- 
itorious deed.  Hull.  141a,  a.  fr.  /-2  1-13  for  a  religious 
purpose,  opp.  flWfl  tJ?15  for  a  secular  or  religiously  in- 
different purpose. — 'a  n^nVs  v.iran'-^. — Ab.IV,  11  rr.n'z 
one  good  deed,  opp.  STnaS  sin.  Ib.  ^3  '"O  nz&  the  reward 
of  a  good  deed  is  another  good  deed,  v.  *"Ha.  Ib.  II,  1  '"2 
fibp  a  light  command  (obejed  with  little  sacrifice);  Ned. 
39b;  a.  fr.  —  I  t't*jfj  tlX2n  'z  a  religious  act  achieved 
through  a  wrong  deed,  e.  g.  using  an  illegitimately  ob- 
tained object  for  a  religious  ceremony.  Succ.  30a;  a.  fr. — 
Y.  Sabb.  XIII,  14a  bot. ;  Y.  Hall.  I,  end,  58a  'a  mtO  yn 
no-sin  is  virtue ;  rt^SS  'a  "pX  no-virtue  is  sin. — Zeb.  52a, 
a.  fr.  'z  (sub.  p"p)  an  offering  dependent  on  certain  oc- 
casions as  ordained  in  the  Law,  opp.  FCin  an  obligatory 
offering  (at  regular  seasons). — 'a  "nenx,  v.  "fiSTX. — Y.  Sot. 
I,  beg.  16b  arOt?i  (IX)  '•&  rnamw  is  this  said  only  as  a  rec- 
ommendation or  as  an  indispensable  act?;  Y.  Pes.  II,  29lj 
bot.,  a.  fr.,  v.  MSrt?.-Hnll.l06a  '*:  OTOa  because  it  is  merit- 
orious; '31  r™r";  "2  ''2  -X2  what  is  the  merit  of  it?  It  is 
meritorious  to  obey  &c.  Ib.  tlTOI  X;X  '~2  x;i  n-*n  X5 
neither  an  obligatory,  nor  a  meritorious,  but  a  religiously 
indifferent  act;  Sabb.  25b. — nrr  r"ji"2  (abbr.  r"a)  a  posi- 
tive command;  nrrr  xb  'z  a  prohibition.  Kidd.  1,7;  a.  v. 
fr.,  v.  X2-5,  a.  bft,  IX;.  —  '•:  na  the  corpse  of  a  person 
whose  relatives  are  unknown  and  whose  burial  is  oblig- 
atory on  everybody.  Hor.  13a  'E  na  ~~2  Viz  they  struck 
upon  a  corpse ;  a.  fr. — M.  Kat.  20a  'a  Vra  HP  OH  the  five 
relations  (besides  father  and  mother)  whom  one  is  obliged 

to  bury  (Lev.  XXI,  2,  sq.).  — Lev.  B.  8.  34 


'a  ^  "]P  give 




me  what  thou  ait  commanded  to,  i.  e.  alms,  v.  next  w. — 
PL  tVtim,  rviisa.  Mace.  23b  'a  .  .  .  h16W  11510  six  hundred 
and  thirteen  commands  (positive  and  prohibitive).  Y. 
Sabb.  1.  c;  Y.  Hall.  1.  c.  (ref.  to  nisan  nbx,  Lev.  XXVII, 
34)  '31  'a  "jWlSpal  }rPW  dX  if  thou  doest  them  as  they 
are  commanded,  they  are  deeds  of  merit  &c.  E.  Hash. 
28b  "|2aTn  xbx  "(n^S  *Q13>  13^X  'a  one  violates  the  law 
by  adding  to  the  prescribed  form  of  ceremonies  only 
when  executed  in  their  due  season  (e.  g.  one  does  not 
violate  the  law  by  dwelling  in  the  Succah  on  the  eighth 
day).  lb.  1-1313  rVD'nx  y*  'a ;  Ber.  13a  '3  rWtf  'a,  v.  hSJ*. 
Succ.  39a,  a.  e.  '21  "pda  "^13  'an  b3  the  benediction  at  the 
performance  of  religious  ceremonies  must  precede  the 
act.  Nidd.  61b  b"3>b  tllbdd  'a  ceremonial  laws  find  no  ap- 
plication in  the  hereafter  (e.  g.  a  dead  body  may  be 
wrapped  in  Kilayim).  lb.  'an  "p  ilUBn,  v.  "'lUEn;  a.  v. 
ftp,— Ker.  17b  (ref.  to  Lev.  V,  17)  \f*p  rvnxa  the  tradi- 
tional reading  (v.  dX)  is  acts  (therefore  a  doubt  between 
two  pieces,  one  permitted  and  one  prohibited,  is  required 
for  a  sacrifice  (">lbn  dllJX).  lb.  'a  XS^b  the  requirement  of 
two  pieces  is  not  complied  with. 

T\W2  (h.  form),  ^riTl^a,  NfllED  ch.same.  Targ. 
Y.  I  Num.  XII,  16.— Targ.  Y.II  Deut.  XXV,  10—  [Y.Kidd. 
I,  61b  bot.  IffWlBb  'a  XDX,  v.  WBMX.]—  Esp.  charity.  Lev. 
E.  s.  34  rTCRJ  Tfehtt*  Xa2>  b3  let  every  one  distribute  charity; 
a.e.— PL  1«5M,  *W«*0,  rWflWa  Targ.Y.IIDeut.  VII,  10. 
Targ.  Y.II  Num. I.e.;  a.e.— Lev.E.l.c.  n*OS  KW  S^aiU  X3X 
'a  I  hear  that  he  is  charitable.  lb.  s.  3  ilpnal  rmWI 
'a  13  he  desires  to  be  called  a  charitable  man.  Y.  Ber. 
IX,  14b  bot.  '31  'a  "psa  iina  ia3U5  lUnB  ed.  Lehm.  (oth. 
ed.  omit  "nna)  'a  carrier  Pharisee',  he  looks  as  if  carrying 
religion  on  his  shoulder;  Y.  Sot.  V,  20cbot.  rtJJTWp}  "pJO, 
Num.  B.  s.  9  (prov.)  X^dxb  MTiB  n^nixab  . . .  Wnh  a  gate 
which  opens  not  for  good  deeds,  will  open  for  the  phy- 
sician ;  a.  fr. 

""ISC,  v.  *r* 
m72,  T?W$  v.  xxa. 

"SD^SftQ  m.  (denom.  of  ma;  •»)  wrangler,  hair- 
I^McArcr. T  Sabb.  152a  'a  wnp  (id)  ed.'  (Eashi  bbK**JM, 
Ms.  M.  X^Ba)  Baldhead  (wants  to  be)  a  hair-plucker!,  v. 

TVT^n  I  f.  (b.  h.;  bbx)  [precipitous  declivity,]  glen, 
shaft?  fish-pond.  B.  Bath.  67a  'al  n-dbm  a  sand-mound 
(for  glass-making)  and  a  glen  (shaft  for  metal-digging; 
oth.  opin.  fish-pond);  Arakh.32\  Meg. 6b (missing  in  edi- 
tions revised  by  censors,v.  Eabb.  D.S.  a.  l.)rVd3in  inx  1*PX1 
'ai  (Ms.  M.  nidin)  and  on  the  fourth  side  it  (Eome)  is 
bounded  by  sand-hills  (clay-ground)  and  glens  (or  shafts). 
—Ber.  9b;  Pes.  119a  (d^*!)  nil  nd  "pWD  'a3  (v.  Eabb.  D. 
8.  a.  1.  notes)  like  a  pond  without  fish  (oth.  vers.,  v.  next 
w.);  Yalk.  Gen.  154;  Yalk.  Kings  204;  v.  niisa.  Mekh. 
B'shall.,  Shir.,  s.  5  (ref.  to  Ex.  XV,  5,  a.  Jon.  II,  4)  ft«  rpf 
'31  mx  'ab  Jonah  went  down  into  one  whirlpool,  but 
they  (the  Egyptians)  into  two ;  Yalk.  Ex.  246.— PL  niblXa, 
'isa.  Mekh.  1.  c.  d^lS  d^a  xbx  'a  "pal  m.  means  rapid 
waters;   (Yalk.  I.  c.  '31  nbixa  pXI);  a.  e. 

("it^D  II  f.  fattj  omp.  rfcw>?)  refuse,  threshed-out 

halms]  husks  &c.  Ber.  9b;  Pes.  1 1 9a  "pn  nd  *pK1I5  'a3  Var. 

lect.  (v.Eabb.D.  S.a.  1.  notes)  like  husks  without  grain.— 

PL  nibixa.    Tosef.  Ter.  X,  3  (Var.  ed.  Zuck.  trbWti),  v. 


^n51SQ  f.  ch.=  h.  nbssa  I,  depth,  glen.    Targ.  Job 

XLI,  23;  a.  fr.  —  PL  xnbixa.    Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XV,  5.  Targ. 

Ps.  LXXXVIII,  7  (ed.  Wil.  sing.). 

DiDii2Q  f.  pi.  (UBS;  cmp.  b.  h.  tmida,  fr.  tVp)  (also 
used  as  sing.)  a  tube  for  measuring  distances,  a  sort  of 
telescope.  Y.  Erub.  V,  22d  top  [read :]  '31  -isiral  'a  x^da, 
v.  "T^TQ  (cmp.  Tosef.  ib.  VI  (V),  13).  Y.  ib.  IV,  21tl  bot. 
'31  lb  TO  'a  (not  rvnisa)  he  had  a  telescope  &c.  (Bab.  ib. 
43b  rVlBlBUJ),  v.  Ittfro. 

n^B^lSZQ  f.  (ns^,Pi.)  overlaid  mouthpiece  of  a  musical 
instrument.'  Keh  XI,  7 ;  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Mets.  I,  7  nid^a 
(corr.  ace). 

fc^l^Q  m.  ("('""4)  chirper;  X32nn  'a  [smoke-chirper,] 
cricket' in  the  chimney.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  CII,  4  '12  p*in3 
'm  (my  days  pass  in  smoke)  like  that  cricket  (ed.  Bub. 
*ip"n  XX^Xa,  read  "np-n,  the  cricket  on  the  hearth,  v.  Bub. 
a.  1.  note  14). 

Dnp£E,  T^XQ  (psa)  mortals,  v.  pstj. 

3?"l1]IQ  m.  (b.  h.  sn'xa;  STlX)  feper.  Neg.  XIII,  11.  Ib. 
Xiv/i.  Meg.  I,  7  -jbma  'a,  -isdia  'a,  v.  dbn  II.  Ned.641'; 
».  v.  ftp.— Ft.  BWiao,  l^isa.  Neg.  xiv/13.  Ketfa.  T7b 

bot.  bddd  'a  "pX  there  are  no  lepers  in  Babylonia;  a.  fr. 
fcCTOQ  oh.  same.   Targ.  Y.  Lev.  XIV,  2;  a.  e. 

niLID  f.  (b.  h.  "HSU;  naa)  quarrel,  wrangling.  Bnh. 
74a;  79a;  Keth.  33a  (ref.  to  Ex.  XXI,  22)  '31  rTffnaBB  '80 
the  text  speaks  of  a  fight  with  murderous  intent;  Ex. 
E.  s.  1.  Y.  Naz.  IX,  end,  58a  (ref.  to  Ex.  1.  c.  a.  18)  xbm 
'31  nd^-ia  ton  'a  x^n  are  not  matsuth  and  m'ribah  the 
same?;  Y.  Snh.IX,  27a  bot. ;  Y.  B.  Kam.  IV,  4C  top.  Gen. 
E.  s.  50  (play  on  nista,  Gen.  XIX,  3)  '31  hVrti  'a  a  great 
dispute  arose  (between  Lot  and  his  wife)  about  the  salt; 
Yalk.  ib.  84.  Pesik.  Vattomer,  p.  133b  (ref.  to  1X3,  Lam. 
IV,  15)  n"dpnb  'a  ibSd  .  .  .  ibj.  xb  they  did  not  go  into 
exile  until  they  had  become  contestants  against  the  Lord. 
[Not  to  be  confounded  with  niaa,  pi.  of  nsa,  a.  nixa,  pi. 
of  nisa.] 

&<rV)2&2,  'ISSQ  ch.  same.  Targ.  0.  Gen.  XIII,  7  (some 
ed.  /isa).  Targ.  Ps.  Ill,  7  (h.  text  tnidd"; !).  Targ.  II  Sam. 
XV,  4 ;'  a.  e. 

t::-  tt:-  t   t  » • 

T72D2  m.  (b.  h.;  nns  to  glisten)  forehead.  Koh.  E.  to 
XII,  2  'an  m  n*nm  'and  the  moon'  (ib.)  means  the  fore- 
head; Lev.  E.  s.  18  'an  nr  -nxm  (Sabb.  151b  nn^B  It). 
Yoma  7b,  a.  e.  in^a  b2?  IrYTlS  as  long  as  it  (the  plate)  is 
on  the  high  priest's  forehead;  a.  e.  —  Trnsf.  effrontery. 


Tanh.  T*ruiu.  1 1  rz:r:~  'z  »  ns=?  to  atone  for  the  brazei; 
front.  Kidd.  70*  0  rflO,  v.  WW;  a.  e. 

Sni?C  ch.  same.   Targ.  Y.  I  Gen.  IV,  8. 
rZZ'2'212,  Gen.R.s.  65, end  '-';,  read  feOlS&tt r.  v.  ==s. 

shewed,  rom,  v.  sub  •» 

K  "!£ -,  XLT2  (b.  h. ;  cmp.-J-.)  to  reach;  to  find.  B.  Mets. 
1,  l  r-r-vrsrz  ax  I  found  it.  lb.  J '  rtTOXQ  -xa  x:--x  t«i 
':-  rrr-X"i  I  might  have  thought  'I  found  it'  meant  'I 
discovered  it',  although  he  had  not  taken  it  up  &c.  lb., 
a.  e.  '="  mri  -xrx-;  rrxriai  'and  which  thou  hast  found' 
(Deut.  XXII,  3)  means  that  it  came  into  his  possession. 
Gitt.  IX,  10  ~-~v  -"  ~z  'a  he  discovered  in  her  some- 
thing disgraceful  (infidelity);  '31  mnx'a  he  found  another 
woman  handsomer  than  she; — 'z'  3X  .  .  "3  VSB  ~z 
what  do  we  find  with  regard  to — ?  So  also  &c,  i.  e.  as 
in  the  case  of—,  so  &c.  Sifra  Vayikra,  N'dab.,  ch.  VIII, 
Par.  7  'Z'  -----2  3X. .  .STiapm  "&W0  ha  as  when  burning 
(the  sacrifice  on  the  altar)  the  head  is  separated  from 
the  trunk,  so  when  pinching  the  neck  of  the  bird  the  head 
must  be  severed  &c. ;  a.  fr. — Part.  pass.  *iaa,  f.  ITCPL; 
pL  """aa;  ffi^xa  accessible,  frequent;  likely.  Arakh.  30b 
.'-  -j-s  xa  -1  'and  he  find  the  means'  (Lev.  XXV,  26),  this 
excludes  the  case  of  the  means  being  accessible,  i.  e.  of  one 
who  had  the  means  at  the  time  being.  B.  Mets.  27a  (ref.  to 
Deut.  XXII,  3,  v.  supra)  '31  bxx  *tr1  aa^tt  irrOKtt  18  that 
which  is  lost  to  him  but  accessible  to  any  body  else;  i~i~"~N 
';"  ~'SH'z  WW  ".'im~  lost  to  him  and  inaccessible  to  every- 
one else  (e.g.  swept  away  by  a  flood).  Sabb.  151b  IS  fflDS 
'31~"~  'Xfi  xaia  ITTUWJ  do  good  while  thou  findest(an  oppor- 
tunity), and  it  is  possible  to  thee  (thou  hast  the  means),  and 
thou  art  yet  in  thy  own  power  (possessest  thy  faculties). 
Snh.  86"  'a;  D-fi  fctton  "3  'if  one  be  found  stealing  &c.' 
(Deut.  XXIV,  7),  this  excludes  the  case  when  the  abducted 
and  sold  person  was  in  his  power  (his  own  child  &c).  lb. 
TQTl  •-"-  ■-" :r;r  the  case  is  to  be  judged  as  if  they  (the 
children)  had  been  in  his  possession.  Gen.  R.  s.  85  "iBSJri 
rmz:~.'z  'a  the  note  can  be  produced  for  collection,  i.  e. 
evidence  can  be  found  against  us.  Gitt.  i1'  'a  a^r  "pX 
•  z~~p~  no  witnesses  are  to  be  had  to  identify  it.  B.  Mets. 
18a  'a  r-— •I'm*  CTIpZJQ  where  caravans  pass  frequently. 
Esth.  E.  to  I,  1,  v.  "-"-.  lb.  (ref.  to  Ps.  XXI,  9)  "p"1  NPIP, 
"pa^'Xa  Z~Z~~  '-  thou  shalt  have  the  opportunity  of 
punishing  thy  enemies.  B.  Kam.  4a  'a  ripiTJi  the  damage 
through  it  is  frequent.  lb.  60a  'a  Wl  an  ordinary  wind, 
'a  WW  Wl  an  extraordinary  wind;  a.  v.  fr. 

Nif.  azz:  to  be  found.  Gen.  R.s.85  rcroaa  UttagV  who 
are  caught  at  a  theft;  a.  fr.— Esp.  to  turn  out,  to  follow,  to 
result.  Hull.  I,  4  '31  "183  ':  the  result  is,  what  is  legal  in 
slaughtering  is  illegal  in  pinching.  Pes.  25b  TOP  '31,  v. 
'lab  II.  Sifre  Deut.  210  tf*TO3  a-aa:  from  which  we  can 
consequently  derive. — Y.Pes.V,  beg.  31c,  *ttf»  "XS-;: 
thou  turnest  out  saying,  i.  e.  the  result  is,  consequently. 
i— "T015  (xaar)  "^Z'T  ax  (abbr.  b'TX)  if  you  will  say.  Gitt. 
82b  '="  xr"X  -a*';  X'^.r  3X  if  you  will  adopt  the  opinion 
of  &c.  Sabb.  136*  '3*  "-'~t  V'rs  if  you  assume  that  they 
differ  &c. ;  a.  fr.— Tosef.  Ohol.  IV,  12  '31  lalb  jtr.r:':  if 
j'ou  assume  kc. 

825  *TD 

Hif.  x-aan  to  furnish,  provide  with.  Gen.  R.  1.  c. 
'31  n"2pn  'm  TQK3  they  (the  tokens)  had  been  lost,  and 
the  Lord  provided  others  instead.  Hag.  5a  (ref.  to  ",X^ar, 
Deut.  XXXI,  21)  '3-  X-uaa  13-a*  nar  what  remedy  is  there 
for  a  slave  for  whom  his  master  invents  evils  and  troubles  ? 
lb.  '31  Vf)>  msa  1?  X'saan  he  who  is  ready  to  furnish 
the  means  (of  his  delivery)  to  the  poor  man  in  distress 
(by  which  the  persecutor's  greed  is  increased);  [Rashi: 
he  who  has  money  ready  for  the  poor  man  in  extreme 
distress,  instead  of  helping  him  to  a  livelihood  in  due 
time].  Arakh.  30b  (ref.  to  Deut.  XIX,  5)  SWRfflO  BnD  xxai 
TO33  rx  'and  it  strikes',  this  excludes  the  case  of  one  who 
brings  himself  within  the  range  of  the  missile  (after  it 
is  started);  Mace.  8a;  a.  e. 

"I]£Q  I,  5tf2272  ch.  same,  to  reach,  be  able;  to  master. 
B.  Mets.  114b  '3-  x:_ua  X:  nr3~X3  I  could  not  master 
four  orders  of  the  Talmud,  how  could  I  master  six? — 
lb.  14a,  a.  fr.  ifh  ~ax  "-sz  he  may  say  to  him.  B.  Bath. 
84a  "p  min  W*0  (mil)  X*3  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.)  thou  wouldst 
not  have  had  the  right  to  retract;  '31  pnxa.  .JfftiBtl  now 
that  thou  hast  overreached  me,  canst  thou  retract?  ;  a.  fr. 

Ithpe.  "aa"X,  'ax  [to  find  one's  self]  to  succeed.  Keth. 
62a  '31  "H3!  '^X  xb  the  gentile  did  not  succeed  in  keeping 
pace  with  him.  Ned.  891'  VOXtvA  'ax  xVl...  B"m  he  tried 
his  utmost  (v.  XQ5 1),  but  had  no  success  in  his  studies;  a.  e. 

Af.  X^xaX  (with  rvrs:,  or  without)  to  place  one's  self 
within  sight  of  an  enemy  so  as  to  give  him  a  chance  for 
reconciliation,  to  be  ready  for  reconciliation.  Yoma  87a 
rVttftfl  X^saa  r.m  (v.  Rabb.D.  S.  a.  1.  note;  ed.  X^xaai 
n-;).— [Keth.  60b  x^aa.,  v.  "aa II.] 

*!¥!2t  Tl'^2  yZKFZ)  (b.  h.)  to  squeeze,  wring,  esp.  to 
u-ring  out  the  blood  of  the  bird  sacrifice.  Sifra  Vayikra, 
N'dab.,  ch.  VIII,  Par.  7  hJfha  Btth  he  wrings  it;  a.  fr. 

Pi.  nra,  nsa  1)  same.  Zeb.  VI,  5,  sq.;  a.  fr.— 2)  to 
pour  out  to  theTlast  drop,  to  drain.  lb.  64b  nsa']  rr:  -z 
'31  iTSB"]  (ed.  punctuate  nsa^,  Hif.)  it  does  not  say  (Lev. 
V,  9),  'he  shall  pour  out  (the  remainder)  at  the  bottom 
&c.',  but  'it  shall  be  wrung  out',  which  means,  that  it 
will  run  out  to  the  bottom  of  itself.  Ter.  XI,  8  *:""~ 
WOl  (Y.  ed.  ra"a";  Ms.  M.  rsat)  if  he  bent  the  vessel 
and  drained  it;  B.  Bath.  87b(Ms.  H.  a.  R.  r^'Z');  ib.V,8 
(87a)  nr^ai  WO**!  (Y.  ed.  PCttfl;  Bab.  ed.  n^STll,  Ms.  M. 
narai;  Ms.  R.  RBljpol).  Gen.  R.  s.  85;  s.  92  (play  on  X^:, 
Gen.  XLIV,  16)  '31  MStaa  KYT8  HT3  as  one  drains  a  vessel 
and  leaves  nothing  but  the  lees.  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  L1X 
(play  on  xxa,  Prov.  XVIH,  22)  rtsaa  x^n  nr-  ItDNTtB 
'31  irvna  'jVo  rmz-zr,  (;3)  ed.  Bub.  (oth.  ed.  rxaaa,  a.oth. 
variants)  when  the  wife  is  bad,  she  drains  all  the  good 
things  out  of  his  house  and  makes  him  poor;  Yalk.  Prov. 
957  X"a*aa  (read:  n"^aa);  a.  fr.— 3)  (cmp.  SXa)  nTV-  '- 
to  measure  exactly.  Erub.IV,  li(52b)  -,':rr:  r-—z:zn  *-x 
'31  the  surveyors(in  marking  distances  for  Sabbath  limits) 
do  not  measure  exactly  (but  mark  within  the  limits),  in 
order  to  allow  for  mistakes. — Trnsf.  to  sound  one's  learn- 
ing. Men.  18a  "^niTa  nisas  to  have  my  own  learning 
examined;  '31  "rWTfla  'ab   to  sound  the  learning  of  &c. 

Hithpa.  naara  to  be  wrung  out;  to  be  emptied,  drained 




Sifra  Vayikra,  Hob.,  Par.  io,  ch.  XVIII;  Zeb.  64b  yTurna 
TlD^b  D^Bana  where  the  remainder  is  poured  out  towards 
the  bottom  of  the  altar;  a.  fr.  [Ib.Vl,4  (641')  nsana  HYI,  read 
nan,  v.  Rabb.  D.S.  a.  1.  note  50.]— Y.R.IIash.I,56(l  top; 
Y.  Shek.  Ill,  beg.  471'  '31  ib^b  nisrana  p  )HC  12  op  to  that 
time  (the  first  of  Elul)  the  latest  births  of  the  old  year 
(of  those  conceived  before  the  first  of  Nisan)  take  place 
&c. — Tmsf.  (with  y3irn)fo  be  exactly  counted,  to  be  finally 
settled.  Y.  Sot.  I,  17a  (he  sufl'ers  a  loss  by  the  death  of 
his  ox  &c.)  nsana  fatJWtl  and  the  account  (of  his  sins) 
is  settled;  ib.;  Num.  R.  s.  9  *31  KSIitna  nnx,  v.  SHKI;  Koh. 
R.  to  VII,  27. 

"^£?II  ch.  same,  1)  to  wring.  Zeb.  65lj  Bib  *>$$\  fm 
'31  (not  CT  'VOxn,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  1)  and  since  he 
wrings  the  blood  out,  he  does  the  act  prescribed  for  the 
burnt-offering  &c— 2)  to  suck.  Sabb.  54b  Wnta^y.  rV«. 

Pa.  i$a  to  give  suck.  Keth.  601'  *KU  (T»V  SOSaa  she  will 
give  him  (her  own  child)  more  suck. 

Ithjia.  ^Sanx,  Ithpe.  "TSttlnaj,  ^sa^x  to  be  wrung  out, 
drained.  Targ.  Lev.  I,  1 5 ;  a.  e.— Targ.  Job  IV,  1 2  TOatVttl 
(Ms.  ^±UPPry»  Itfc/*.;  h.  text  yaiB). 

fcTXQ  m.  (•$$)  quarreler,  v.  Ki*««a. 

&TXI3,  Tosef.  Sabb.  VII  (VIII),  1  'Srt,  v.  K*W. 

f'W'XD  f.  (XSa)  1)  finding,  discovery.  Y.  Sot.  I,  beg. 
lfib  (ref.  to'  >aa,  Deut.  XXIV,  1)  '31  aipa  b=3  'a  ys*  'find- 
ing' means  everywhere  ascertaining  through  witnesses. — 
2)  something  found.  Gitt.  V,  3  EMS''  Kb  'a  XSlan  the  finder 
of  a  lost  object  cannot  be  made  subject  to  an  oath  (if  the 
owner  claims  more).  B.  Mets.  8a,  v.  n33 ;  a.  fr. — PI.  tlWnta. 
lb.  II,  1  '31  l^ffl  'a  lbx  the  following  things  if  found  be- 
long to  the  finder,  and  the  following  must  be  published; 
a.  fr.  —  Tmsf.  precious  things.  —  PI.  as  ab.  Gen.  R.  s.  50 
(ref.  to  niNSnsn,  Gen.  XIX,  15)  '31  'a  VH8  two  precious 
acquisitions,  Ruth  &c;  ih.  s.  41  ;  Yalk.  ib.  70;  84. 

stfPS"lIlD  ch.  same.— PI.  ItfttQ.  Y.  B.  Mets.  II,  8cbot. 
•31  1351  ''a  1TMO  rWO  TDS  he  gains  for  himself  the  re- 
putation of  one  returning  lost  objects,  and  makes  great 
gains;  '31  'a  nna  anii'TO  trt  "an  people  see  him  return 
lost  objects  and  give  in  his  trust  &c. 

n"Qn3H3,  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Mets.  I,  7,  v.  rY^pWD. 

H^Q,  v.  ttfKBO. 

Ti^ll'C  f.  (nsa)  =i>lJI',a,  wringing  out  the  blood.  Sifra 
Vayikra,  N'dab./ch.  VIII,  Par.  7.— PI.  WMta,  Hull.  132b 
bot.  (missing  in  Tosef.  Dem.  II,  7;  Men.  18b). 

nV^a  i.,pi.  niV'sa  (b.  h.  n^a;  ^)  d  bens. 

Pes.  50a  (ref.  to  Zech.  XIV,  20)  '=1  pVrWJ  'a  «3  all  bells 
which  they  suspend  on  the  horse  .  . .  shall  be  sacred  unto 
the  Lord.— [2)  (homilet.)  shades.  Ib.;  Y.  ib.  Ill,  end,  301', 
v.  bbx  Hi/".] 

SFl-pXD  f.  (bsa),  v.^~  tiVnpj  toe  washer?  fork  (?). 
Targ.  I  Sam.'  XIII,  21  Kimhi  (ed.  nbsa,  'S^a;  ed.  bag. 
nibxa ;  h.  text  "pabp). 

KQ)tfqi  'nxa,  v.  «*?$». 

^n2272,  &OnXD  m.(5>?0)  1)  (noun)  middle,  midst.  Targ. 
0.  Num.  XXxV,5  5*Sa  ed.Berl.(oth.  ed.  KJ*Xa  ;  Y.  MnTO).— 
Constr.  Wpa.  Targ.  Ps.  XXII,  2:i;  a.  e.— PI.  fOTWO.  Targ. 
Jud.XV,  4  ed.Lag.  (oth.  ed.'|3^a).— 2)  (adj.)  middle,  aver- 
age. Ned.  81b  top  R.N.  (ed.  twya).— KSWa  N33.  v.33l.— 
[JOS^a,  Targ.  Prov.  XXIX,  13  Ms.,  v.  X^a.] 

(IS"  -*Q  m.  (preced.)  /yiw^  betiveen,  central,  average. 
Targ.  Ex.  XXVI,  28 ;  a.  e.  —  P/.  "W^.  Targ.  Jud.  XVI, 
29;  a.  e.,  v.  SO'-Tv?.—  Fem.  KrTO">Sa,  KTOTtO.  Targ.  I  Kings 
VI,  6  "WWS  ed.  Lag.;  ib.  8.— B.  Bath.  107a  tff&rSQ  WlVa 
it  is  the  average  (between  twenty  and  thirty). — Esp. 
fctwsa  the  middle  clause  of  a  Mishnah  &c,  contrad. 
to  X1!3'"H  first  clause,  and  NB^D  the  ending  clause.  Hull. 
94b ;  a.  fr. 

fcKVlS^XQ  f.  (preced.  wds.)  middle,  centre;  constr. 
r^ro.   Targ!  II  Chr.  VII,  7.    Targ.  Ps.  XXXVI,  2;  a.  e. 

an^xn,  mrpseq,  v.  nm 

t    ••     •     :  t-:      •     :  t  r    •  i 

acrxa,  v.  «*». 

t:    -    :  t  :-  : 

^X^XQ  m.,  £>£.  constr.  *¥W3  (ySa)  compressed;  SO"»S  'a 
having  blinking  eyes.   Keth.  60b  bot. 

p^Z^TQ  m.  (b.h.;  pis)  oppressor,  esp. Roman  tax  collector, 
v.  p^Ba  II.— PI.  Bip^a,  VP^a.  Sifre  Deut.  317;  Yalk.  ib. 
944  'z"\  h3  lpinnttJ  'B  the  oppressors  that  have  taken 
possession  of  Palestine  &c. 

"Tp^Q  m.  pi.  (Chald.  adapt,  of  h.  6PpW»)  mortals. 
Y.  Kil.  IX,'  32  b  top  'a  ffW  rest  now,  ye  mortals  (it  is 
Sabbath);  Y.  Keth.  XII,  35a;  Koh.  R.  to  VII,  11  yprao 
(h.  form). 


nn!pXQ,  v.  VO$>«!£a. 

pbxbXD  m.  pl.="pbs32,  cymbals.  Targ.  I  Chr.  XV, 
28  ed.  Lag!'  (ed.  Rahm.  "plnriaa,  Var.  'SO). 

n^XQ,  v.  xn^aa. 

Snnri^XD,  Yalk. Dan.  1061  tf^K  'ab  yfip  pf\  (some 
ed.  VTHrboxb)  read:  «^3ba  ^sb,  there  (Deut.  IV,  28)  the 
images  of  the  kings  are  called  gods  (authorities);  Lev. 
R.  s.  33  N^rbob. 

SriQXQ  m.  (rvtybrightness;  StaVI  nTCOSa  noow.  Lev. 
R.  s.  24*(Tanh.  K'dosh.  9  fti^STS). 

yQX/3  (v.  ysa)  <o  squeeze,  suck,  sip.  Y.  Ter.  XI.  47'' 
bot.  Vasab  D^IDinaa  when  they  are  too  poor  to  be  sucked 

out.  y.'b.  Mets.  vii,  beg.  nb  yasa-"!  a^sna  C)Vp  sbr 

Dt35Sa  he  must  not  peel  (taste  the  surface  of)  the  figs 




or  take  a  suck  of  the  grapes  (and  throw  them  away) ; 
Y.  Maasr.  II,  50a  bot.  yVCtXt\  (read:  "■:•J•:•:',).  Gen.  R.  s. 
60  (expl.  tVffmi,  Gen.  XXIV,  21,  as  if  fr.  nrr)  fORM 
"  n""  he  sipped  (the  water  which  she  handed  him) 
and  looked  at  her;  Yalk.  ib.  109. 

kmxd,  K^m  Ngsso,  v.  *&m. 

r"!li-  f.  (b.h.;  v.  r:2  a.  derivatives)  [the  bright  head- 
.  ]  turban  esp.  the  priest's  turban.  Tosef.  Yoma  I,  10 
W  '--  "Tf.'S"  '--'Z  be  took  the  turban  from  the  head  of 
one  of  them,  and  they  knew  that  the  count  for  the  lot 
was  to  begin  with  him ;  Yoma  25a.  Ib.  '=1  bin  "nxa  'a 
is  there  a  turban  (mitsnefeth)  among  common  dresses  (not 
used  at  the  priestly  service)?   Ib.  VII,  5 ;  a.  fr. 

xr.r::r:,  kotsd,  k&xoq  ch.same  Targ.  is. 

XXII,T18!'  Targ.Ex.TXXYIII,  37.  Targ.  Zech.III,  5;  a.  e  — 
11.  ly'JJtU  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XXVni,  4  (ed.  Vien.  't^Trl  0. 
ed.  Berl.  -£":;■:  . 

"'±2  (v.  i-.z-z)  to  press,  squeeze.  —  Denom.  rjax  q.  v. 

Pi.  "Vr  !)  (v-  ^a Hithpa.)  to  be  exact  in  calculation, 
to  measure  exactly.  Tosef.  Erub.IV  (III),  4  HX  ITSFa  DX1 
':"  ~T,T-  and  if  they  (those  authorized  to  lay  for  him 
the  Erub,  v.  WTO)  measured  the  Sabbath  limit  exactly 
(laying  the  Erub  in  opposite  directions,  each  exactlj-  at 
2000  cubits  from  his  present  place),  he  must  not  move 
from  his  place;  Erub.  50b;  Y.  ib.  Ill,  21b  '=1  PX  rs^a  if 
he  had  the  Erub  laid  &c.  Ib.  '="  rx  rvi'l  (read  W«) 
if  they  (the  partners)  laid  the  Ernb  &c;  Tosef.  ib.  IX 
(VI).  12  rs-a  (read:  Wo);  a.  e.  — 2)  (denom.  of  5*») 
to  place  in  the  middle.  Snh.  H,  1  WS0R3,  v.  rWRJO.  Y.  Ber. 
V,  end,  9'1  "jTWl  rx  ')TMMJ<J  the  priest  is  calied  upon  to 
read  between  the  two  common  Israelites.  Gen.  R.  s.  95 
';■  T'x  "ruaa  l"n  they  took  him  in  the  middle  and 
guarded  him.  Pes.  1 1  la  TOKUtftl  xbl  TOXaa  "px  nirblE  there 
are  three  objects  we  must  not  allow  to  pass  between  two 
persons,  nor  must  any  person  be  passed  between  them. — 
Part.  pass.  rsiaa  a)  exactly  placed  (=-,i!ca);  b)  placed 
behceen.  Zeb.  58b  *3\  TOW  '  -  -  TZVZ  the  altar  was  placed 
exactly  in  the  centre  of  the  Temple;  Yoma  16a ;  ib.  33b; 
Sifra  Vayikra,  N'dab.,  Par.  V,  ch.  VII  rsaa.  Ex.  R.  s.  2 
'="  ~U"X-  'IUTP1  ' -^  T^tra  who  was  standing  in  the  very 
centre  of  the  fire.  Y.  Ber.  IV,  8 b  top  nssraa  VtttiB  . . .  hVm 
'31  knowledge  is  something  great,  for  it  is  placed  between 
two  divine  names  (I  Sam.  II,  3). 

"%12  ch.  Pa.  raa  same,  to  pass  betioeen.  Pes.  llla  "X", 
"rnr:  -xa  xrua  Ms.  M.  (ed.  n-rcpr  -xa  'f'-ftguij  -x*)  and 
if  it  (the  serpent)  passed  between  &c.(ed.  and  if  they  allow- 
ed it  to  pass  &c).    Ib.  (TO  rvrx  fft  xrsa-;  ed.  (Ms.  M. 

in-:- traon  ;    Ms.  O.  bttttTt;  Ar.  s.  v.  -t-S  :  N*E%  v. 

Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  notes  200,  sq.)  between  whom  a  menstru- 
ant  has  passed.  —  [Y.  Ab.  Zar.  II,  41a  bot.;  Y.  Ter.  VIII. 
45'1  top  x:-=c  v±--(z).  v.  "-:.]— Part.  pass.  sr:a=h.  WBI3, 
[  ▼.  preced.  Targ.  Y.  Num.  XIX,  4.  Targ.  Y.  II  Gen.  XLIX. 
14.   Targ.  Y.  Num.  XXI,  13  SSOO  (h.  form). 

VSfc  m.  (b.  h.;  »J)  mattress,  bed.  B.  Mets.  H3h,  v. 
-,•"-■  TAb.  Zar.  10b  '=1  '"3  WW  -a  Oh!  that  I  might  be 
thy  mattress  in  the  hereafter!— Sabb.  55b  n?3a  rx  b~';-z 
he  upset  her  (Bilha's)  bed  ;  a.  e.  —  PL  r-rsa.  Ib.  Nidd. 
32b.  B.  Bath.  53b.  Hag.  14b  '=■  ntttTO  r-x/'a  (fern.)  fine 
dining  couches  were  prepared  for  }ou;  a.  e. 

S>1£C  ch.  same.  Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XXII,  26  SSa  (constr., 
not  rsa).  Targ.  Y.  Gen.  XXXV,  22  (v.  Sabb.  55b  quot.  in 
preced.).— Ft.  T&fr  Targ.  Ps.  CXXXII,  3. 

S"ZC,  v.  ksxto. 

T    :     •  t  :     • 

"1"S2  m.  (b.  h. ;  nri)  step.— [Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Bath.  I,  7, 
v.  Tsra.]  — PI.  CHSXa,  constr.  I*VAU.  Yalk.  Jon.  550  *tfj 
"|TO  nrx  "n  b;  and  the  steps  of  every  living  creature  dost 
thou  examine.— [Arakh.  VI,  3  (23b)  "J-nrsa,  v.  isra.] 

S  /TC  m.  (938)  optpressor,  creditor.    Targ.  Prov. 
XXIX,  13 ''a  X-Q5  (Ms.  x^r-s-3,  read  'an  of  oppression; 

h.  text  arson  r-x). 

fli^llZ,  HSS2  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  pi.  Mizpeh  or  Mizpah 
(Watch-Tower).  Vzah.  II,  6  'an  r-X  the  man  of  M.  (or  the 
governor  of  the  Watch-Tower  of  the  Temple). 

S'wiKI!  (v.  preced.)  =h.nssa,name  of  several 
places.  Targ.  Josh.  XI,  3.  Targ.  I  Sam.  XXII,  3;  a.  fr.— 

V.  xrizo. 

Y%]2  (b.  h.;  v.  "pa)  to  press,  suck;  to  drain.  Sabb. 
XlX,2"|-Ui*a"and  compress  the  blood-vessels  of  the  wound 
by  sucking.  Par.  IX,  3  T'S'J.'  a  KTM3  she  (the  dove)  sips  (and 
lets  no  water  out  of  her  mouth  again).  Tosef.  Sot,  V,  9 
'31  telWI  issiai  "tou  he  takes  out  the  fly  and  sucks  it 
out  and  eats  the  dish;  Y.  ib.I,  17a  bot.;  Gitt.  90s.  Lev. 
R.  8.  15  '=1  YStO  Xinir  xb  not  that  the  dry  sponge  drains 
the  wound,  but  it  protects  it.  Deut.  R.  s.  2  n?32  ~b  "pX 
mal  nniX  "pia  hast  thou  not  a  ring  (containing  poison)  ? 
Suck  it  and  die;  a.  fr.  — [Cant.  R.  to  in,  10  fflxa  rss'a, 
read :  rrsia,  v.  ns\] 

1T2EG  ch.  same,  1)  to  suck,  drain.  Targ.  Ps.  XII,  9.  Ib. 
LXXV,'9  (some  ed.  fCOpBt]  Pa.).— 2)  to  wring,  press.  Ib. 
LXXI1I,  10  frsaa  Ms.  (ed.  "pOPIUj  h.  text  tgBP).— V.  f  n, 


pSD  (sec.  r.  of  p2?)  to  pour,  cast.  Hor.  12a  -ppsia 
'=1  JOB  T(Ms.  M.  '=1  lb  "P*S?,  fr.  pS*1)  they  pour  oil  on  his 
head;  (Ker.  5b  p^a).  Gen.  R.  s.  12  '21  psia,  v.  tibsr.— 
Part.  pass.  p"^a  cast,  (poet.)  mortal,  v.  ~'4'. 

IIEIZ  I  (sec.  r.  of  -ns)  to  twist,  make  a  rope.  Y.  Sot. 

VI,  beg.T20d  ninsia,  v.  "vta. 

ISC  ch.  same.  Y.  Sot.  VI,  beg.  20d  yrsq,  v.  Ita. 

"I22S  H  (denom.  of  nsa)  to  rfe/?7»«  the  boundaries,  to 
bound.  B.  Bath.  61b,  sq.,  v.  tfc  h. 

ISC  ch.  same.  B.  Bath.  61 b  top  '=1  *THa  n"b  'an  ;"rx 
althou»h  he  mentioned  in  the  agreement  the  outer  bound- 




aries  of  the  land.  lb.  'a  X51  Prt  1SO"pb  n^b  |Wl  he  ought 
to  have  defined  (the  parts  of  the  house  which  he  sold), 
but  did  not  do  so.  Ab.  Zar.70b  ^"flpjp  Ml  *9pW  ">»«  "»^o 
Ms.  M.  (v.  Rashi  a.  1.)  he  may  say  (I  stretched  my  hand 
over  to  the  neighbor's  roof,  because)  I  wanted  to  measure 
the  boundary  lines  on  the  roof;  v.  infra. 

Ithpe.  isp^X  to  stretch  one's  self.  lb.  ed.  Xp  tWta^J 
X31SBO  (not  X^soo;  v.  Eashi  a.  1.,  a.  Koh.  Ar.  Compl.  s. 
V.  12TO ;  Rashi  Var.  X31SOO  Xp  IISOIX,  corr.  ace.)  I  stretch- 
ed myself,  v.  MO  ch.— [B.  Bath.  6b  XSIISOO  Xp  ^IXpo,  a 
gloss  borrowed  fr.  Ab.  Zai\  1.  c. ;  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note 

")SQ,"122nQ  m.(b.h.;  11SI)  1)  narrow,  jmm».  Hull.  50b 
(expl.">OlEn  D13)  n-jobl  "ion  IB  from  where  the  stomachbe- 
gins  to  narrow  and  downward  (the  animal  being  suspended 
with  its  head  down).— 2)  distress.  Midr.  Till,  to  CXVIII,  5 
D11SB3  ""CIO  'on  ",0  'out  of  distress'  (ib.)  alludes  to  Egypt; 
Yalk.  ib.  875.  —  3)  a  narrow  path  marking  the  boundary 
between  fields,  balk,  ridge;  in  gen.  boundary.  B.  Bath.  55a, 
v.  3Sn  II.  Y.  ib.  Ill,  beg.  13d;  Y.  Kidd.  I,  60d  top  "fc  '^£N 
D1HS  even  the  (common)  balk  between  them;  Y.  Peah 
II,beg.l6d.  B.Mets.l07a'on  &  TaWj  ",^X  a  tree  standing 
on  the  balk.  Ib.  lbl3  'on  b3  xbooa  when  it  covers  the 
entire  width  of  the  balk.  B.Bath.  53bKm'o  ixn',3n1oX  13 
Xin  KS1R  "Wll  XS1X  Ms.  M.  (ed.  Xin  in  X21X1  '»)  do 
we  say,  this  balk  belongs  to  both  fields  (and  taking  pos- 
session of  it  means  possession  of  both)?  Ib.  XIOBX  'o 
'21  X21X1  (Ms.  0.  XIOIO;  differ,  in  Ms.  M.),  v.  X16BX.  Ib. 
62a  '31  "pIXI  'O  the  field  which  I  sell  thee  is  contiguous 
to  Reuben's  on  the  east  and  on  the  west  side;  a.  fr. — PI. 
n-nsp  boundary  lines,  bounds.  Ib.  6lb  'o  lb  "tfttB  W» 
Dlixnn  although  he  defined  (in  the  agreement)  the  outer- 
most lines  (of  the  group  of  buildings  or  fields),  3inn  'o 
15  he  intended  only  to  give  an  amplified  description  of 
the  situation  (not  to  sell  him  the  entire  group).  Ib.VII,  3 
Tnaomi  fWTJS  (if  he  says,  I  sell  thee  a  Beth  Kor  of  land) 
giving  its  description  and  boundaries  (and  it  turns  out 
to  be  less  than  a  Beth  Kor);  a.  fr.— Sabb.  118a  xb3  nbns 
'o  a  boundless  possession. 

"1SQ,  &*"J12Q,  '2H3  I  ch.  same.  B.  Bath.  5a  XS1X  fSl 
'31  'ox  bought  a  fieid  contiguous  to  the  estate  of  R. — 
lb.,  a.  fr.  'o  131  WH  the  prerogative  of  the  neighbor,  the 
right  of  preemption.  B.  Mets.  108b,  a.  fr.  131  W1  n3  n^b 
'o  the  law  of  preemption  does  not  apply  in  this  case. 
B.  Bath.  62b,  v.  xabD;  a.  fr.  —  PL  iiara,  TO.  Ib.  61b,  v. 

TGBQ,  NHSO,  'nE  II  m.  (ISO  I,  y.  ^ISO  I)  rope  of 
rushes  &c. ;  1 )  a  contemptuous  name  for  slave  (cmp.  XD11X). 
B.  Bath.  127b  nxo  'o  X133J  T$>  "^IXpl  when  he  had  been 
in  the  habit  of  calling  him  (whom  he  now  claims  to  be  his 
son)  promiscuously 'slave',  'metsar  (rope)',  'one  hundred'); 
11  nxo  [musi]  nxo  xi33>  'o  nxo  'o  no  (v.  Rabb.  D.  S. 
a.  1.  note  70)  what  is  metsar  meah?  M.  means  slave; 
meah,  that  he  is  worth  one  hundred  Zuz;  [differ,  inter- 
pret, in  comment.— Alf.  11T  nxo  X133>  'o  1133K  ilOXI  for 
people  say,  'the  rope  of  a  slave  (is  worth)  one  hundred 
Zuz'].  —  2)  a  cable  stretched  across  a  river  and  holding 

a  board  suspended,  rope-bridge.  M.  Kat.  6b  bot.  Kidd.  81a. 
Bets.  7b.  B.  Bath.  167a  'OS  W1  UK  I  would  put  my  hand 
on  a  rope-bridge  (and  write  to  imitate  the  writing  of 
a  trembling  hand). 

S122Q  m.  vat,  v.  K1£"3. 

T    .     -  '  t  :  :  - 

nana?,  wazj;  nn^a,  K^spj,  'na  m.  Ch.=i.. 

■nso,  Egyptian.  Ta'rg.  Gen'.  XXXIX,' 1;  2;  5  (Y.  HJ1  . ., 
read:  "Wl .  .).  Targ.  0.  Ex.  II,  11  "nsp  ed.  Berl.  (oth.  ed. 
■n  .  . ;  Y.  insp,  corr.  ace).  Targ.  Y.  II  ib.  lSITVTSa  (read 
801 . .);  a.  e'— Y.  Sabb.  V,  beg.  7b  Vf^Tn  xblS,  v.  "Olb. 
Gen.  R.  s.  64,  end  nxiS^o  Klip  the  Egyptian  heron;  a. 
e.— PI.  ^Xisp,  '313.  Targ.  Gen.  XLIII,  32 ;  a.  fr.  —  Fern. 
xtiisp,  xnisp,  'to.  ib.  XVI,  3.— PI.  kitiiso.  Targ.  Ex. 
I,  19  (Y.  ed.  Vien.  fctrrn  . . ,  corr.  ace). 

nsn^Q,  v.  ns3iso. 

T    T     :      ■.•'  TT  T    ■. 

V?*T)Xo,  v.  toW 

"H^2  I  m.  (v. *<'4Vl)  anything  hoisted  of  rushes,  palm- 
twigs  &c.  'O  53n  a  common  rope  (badge  of  disgrace  worn 
by  the  Sotah,  v.  n-jio).  Sot.  I,  6 ;  a.  fr.— [Y.  ib.  1, 17a  top ; 
Num.  R.  s.  9  take  our  w.  to  mean  Egyptian,  v.  next  w.]. — 
Fern,  n-nsp.  Sot.  II,  l,  a.  fr.  'o  ns^as,  v.  ns^ss. 

n"l!2D  II  m.  (b.  h.)  Egyptian.  Yeb.  VIII,  3  1211X1  'o 
an  Egyptian  and  an  Edomite  convert,  lb.  761',  a.  e.  'o  13 
'31  ip  Wl  an  Egyptian  proselyte  was  my  fellow  student 
&c.  Ib.  "JH13X1  'O  an  original  Egyptian  proselyte,  opp.  to 
1113  'O  the  son  of  an  Egyptian  proselyte.  B.  Bath.  Ill,  6 
'on  dblO  an  Egyptian  (small)  ladder ;  a.  fr.— PI.  3"- "3p, 
di-Sp.  Pes.  X,  5.  Ex.  R.  s.  1 ;  a.  fr.  —  Fern.  PP130.  Yeb. 
1.  c.'nJIUJKI  'O,  niT13  'O,  v.  supra.  B.  Bath.  1.  c.  'on  yibn, 
v.  "jftrj;  a.  fr.— PI.  ni*130.  Ex.  R.  1.  c;  a.  fr. 

nSfiSi  KJ3S  v.  nx^so. 

D"H2?Q  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  Egypt.  Pes.  IX,  5  'o  TOS,  v.  111. 
Ex.  R.  s.  1 ;  a.  v.  fr. 

mm  a  msa,  v.  mstt)  nm 

nS2")22Q  m.  (v.  next  w.) growing  on  the  balk.  Yoma 

i8b  (MsTM.'nx'jsp),  v.  xi^aia. 

TiDn^Q  m.  pi.  (v.  XiSp  I)  boundaries,  adjacent  fields. 
Targ.  Y.  Num.  XXXIV,  12.— B.  Bath.  63a  if  he  added  in 
the  agreement  xnaiSp  yVw  (Alf.  xnsxisp)  these  are  the 
fields  adjacent  to  it.'  Ib.  128a  xnaiSO  11301  lUJBXhe  may 
know  exactly  the  estates  contiguous  to  the  field  which 
he  identifies.  B.  Mets.  108b  '31  11SO  13  1  msn  those 
four  neighbors  of   a  field   (entitled  to  preemption,  v. 

xiso  I). 
Snn^D,  v.  nxiso. 

T  ••    :    •  t  t  :  • 

D^Q,  Pi.  fism,  rwfe,  v.  nxv. 

Sri^lTil2Q  f.  (niS)  bending;  -jlllX  niFlSO(not'p)  mak- 
ing the  ear  willing  to  hear.   Targ.  Y.  Gen.  II,  7. 




&*2pE  m.=  h.  napa,  mallet.  Bekh.  43b  iaT7  ppa 
'ab  ITnain  (not  ppab)  a  makkaban  is  one  whose  head  re- 
sembles that  of  a  mallet. — PI.  "pajsa.  Targ.  Jer.  X,  4  (ed. 
Lag.  "paipa).    Targ.  Is.  XLIV,  12  (ed.  Wil.  paipa). 

iTl'D'SpD  f.  pi.  (a  jocular  denom.  of  nbsp,  adopted 
fr.  Ex. XXVI,  5)  founded  on  tradition;  contrad.  to  niV^pa 
a  corresponding  feigned  denom.  of  N^pa,  founded  on  the 
Bible.  Y.  B.  Kam.  VIII,  end,  6C  1&  'ab  T^S  nn^n  -,n 
(='  a  N3)  where  didst  thou  learn  these  things,  founded 
neither  on  Bible  nor  on  tradition? 

CSJ  >ij>Q  m.  ('^p  I)  one  ivho  takes  in,  wins.  Targ. 
Prov.  XI,  30,  v.  next  w. 

CSi  nJ^IlpC  f.  (preced.)  taking  in,  winning.  Targ. 
Prov.  XI,  30  xnasn  *V>2)1  'a  (ed.  Lag.  rnrasfl  sobapa)  (the 
art  of)  winning  souls  is  wisdom  (Lag.  a  winner  of  souls 
is  wisdom ;  h.  text  COM  nilB&S  npb). 

13j^/2  m.  (denom.  of  3pa)  one  whose  head  is  mallet- 
shaped.   Bekh.  VII,  1,  v.  N3pa. 

rQj5Q  f.  (b.  h. ;  ap5)  mallet.  Kel.  XXIX,  7  -puns  bl»  'a 
the  stone-cutters' mallet.  lb.  5,v.nFiBa.  Tosef.  Sabb.  XIII 
(XIV),  17  '31  nbOSa  S"5  'OS  1*1  xbl  he  must  not  strike 
(on  the  Sabbath)  with  the  mallet  on  the  chisel  (to  open 
a  casket  of  dates)  ...  as  one  does  on  week  days. — 
PL  ninpa.  Par.  Ill,  11  pa  *>ttJ  'a  stone  mallets. 

nlpD,  v.  rr-npa. 

0  lpP>  T"!!pE  m.  (nnp)  Sorer.  Kel.  XIII,  4.  lb. 
XVII,  12  '31  ha»V^ffl  bna  'a'xbas  as  large  as  the  hole 
made  with  the  large  carpenters'  borer  kept  in  the  Temple 
cell,  which  is  the  size  of  an  Italian  dipondium  &c. ;  Ohol. 
XIII,  1 ;  Tosef.  ib.  XIV,  1.  Ohol.  II,  3  '31  'papa.. .  'a  WHO 
what  borer  do  they  mean  ?  The  small  one  used  by  phy- 
sicians &c.  Ib.  XIV,  2  XiniU  ^3  'a  s6a  any  hole  made  with 
the  borer,  v.  SW^ffl ;  Tosef.  ib.  XIV,  7.  Tosef.  Sabb.  XIII 
(XIV),  17  rmpa;  a.  fr.  — [Num.  E.  s.  9  &^n  btt  'a  some 
ed.,  read  !"npa.] 

""IpE,  v.  "plpa  i. 

WJ  "Ip£>  an  abbreviation  for  Stamina,  n^p,  d^  and 
"■V""w,  wrong  intention  at  slaughtering  a  sacrifice,  illegality 
concerning  one  part  of  a  sacrifice,  the  legal  effect  of  the 
sprinkling  of  the  blood,  and  the  occurrence  of  the  word 
sh'lishi  {third)  in  both  laws  under  discussion.    Zeb.  28b. 

iL^pQ.m.  (b.  h.;  tthp)  sanctuary,  esp.  'a  or  'an  lYq 
(abbr.  a"nn)  the  Jerusalem  Temple,  contrad.  to  ptt5a  the 
Tabernacle.  M.  Kat.  9\  Erub.  2a  'a  "np^aa  piaa  ",n3^X 
'31  'ai  we  find  that  the  Tabernacle  is  sometimes  called 
mikdash,  and  the  Temple  wwsAfam.  —  "jHUsn  'a  the  first 
Temple  (the  Solomonic  Temple);  iJlB  'a  the  second  (post- 
exilic)  Temple.  Yoma  21 b;  a.  e.— Ib.  a'Tia  ...  MSlua  when 
Solomon  had  built  the  Temple;  a.  fr. — PI.  d^mpa.  Meg. 

16b  'a  tlB  two  sanctuaries  (that  of  Sbiloh  and  the  Jerusa- 
lem Temple);  Yalk.  Gen.  152. 

OTpQi  KCT |5Q,  'pJQ  ch.  same.  Targ.  Ex.  XXV,  8 ; 
a.  fr. — Y.  Ber.  II,  Bf  ~top''pia  ift,  mn=h.  UHpan  nta,  v. 
preced. ;  Lam.  E.  to  1, 16  "WTtt-ni  'jittJ'npa  nn  (not  "pffilpa) 
the  Temple  of  the  Jews. — PL  'ptfffiU.  Targ.  Ez.  XXI,  7 ; 
a.  e. 

^FjlE'lp/Q  f.  =  h.  nvhp,  prostitute.  Targ.  0.  Gen. 
XXXVIII,  21,  sq.  (ed.  Vien.'^pa). 

fcO'lpQ,  v.  Napa. 

njpQ  m.  (b.  h.;  nip)  gathering  of  water,  esp.  Vie 
ritual  bath  of  purification.  Yoma  VIII,  9  (play  on  nipa 
hope,  Jer.  XVII,  13)  'SI  inisa  'a  na  as  the  bath  purifies 
the  unclean,  so  does  the  Lord  &c.  Ib.  31a  a^Sa^X  'a  "to 
n&<0  the  contents  of  a  ritual  bath  must  be  forty  S'ah; 
Num.  E.  s.  18.  Mikv.  I,  7  '31  'ab  niU3  has  the  qualification 
of  a  ritual  mikveh  when  gathered  in  a  pond,  contrad.  to 
*£Sa;  a.  v.  fr. — Trnsf.  means  of  purification.  Kidd.  64a 
'31  mro  nipa  biOim  mm  daughters  of  common  Israel- 
ites are  the  means  of  purity  (reinstatement  to  priestly 
status)  for  (the  issue  of)  degraded  priests,  i.  e.  the  daughter 
of  an  Israelite  woman  and  a  degraded  priest  may  marry 
into  priesthood;  ib.  77a;  Tosef.  ib.  V,  3;  a.  e.— PL  nilpa, 
niaipa,  'llpa.  Y.  Ter.  TV,  43a  bot.  nilpa  TO;  Mikv.II,  3 
'Sl'a  "01B  two  adjacent  reservoirs  one  of  which  contains  &c. 
Ib.  1, 1 ;  a.  fr. — Mikvaoth,  name  of  a  treatise  of  Mishnah 
and  Tosefta  of  the  Order  of  Toharoth. 

rnpZJ  I  ch.  (v.  preced.)  1)  gathering  of  merchants, 
fair,  merchants1  station ;  2)  goods  at  the  fair.  Targ.  I  Kings 
X,  28.-3)  reservoir.— PL  X^pa.  Targ.  Is.  XXII,  11  (h. 
text  nipa). 

illpD  II  m.  (xnp)  acid.  Keth.  75a  Ar.,  v.  RWp. 

D^p/E,  v.  nextw. 

| "ipD  m.  pi.  (macellum,  jxaxeXXov)  1)  slaughter- 
house. Gen.  E.  s.  86,  beg.;  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  CV,  16.— 
2)  meat-market,  provision-market.  Hull.  95abfcOU^  Tiaoi'a 
if  there  are  meat-stands  (kept  by  gentiles)  in  a  place 
where  the  butchers  are  Jews.  Ib.  92b  top  "lttja  "pbpltiJ  "pX 
'aa  nan  they  (the  gentiles)  do  not  retail  carrion  in  the 
markets;  a.  fr.— [SifreNum.  131  a^lpaanb  13a  they  erected 
markets  for  them  (Var.  Disbp),  v.  S&p  HI.]— Y.  Hag.  I, 
76b  top  "pbipaa  "ifix  even  if  you  have  to  buy  your  meat 
in  the  market  (having  no  sacrifice  of  your  own). 

bVipQ*  v.abpi. 

DlpDm.  (b.  h.;  dip)  1)  place.  Ab.  Zar.  8b;  Snh.  14b 
diia  'an,  v.  SHI.  Yoma  38a  bot.  '31  ^aipaai  "jliOpi  -jaiM 
thou  shalt  be  called  by  what  name  thou  deservest,  and 
given  the  place  due  to  thee  &c,  i.  e.  be  not  afraid  of 
human  envy.  Shebu.  VII,  4  naipab  nsiaian  rtlfll  the  oath 
goes  back  to  its  home,  expl.  ib.  47a  "Vob  nsiaili  nitn  the 
oath  goes  back  to  Sinai,  i.  e.  no  oath  is  demanded  and 





no  decision  rendered,  the  case  being  surrendered  to  him 
who  proclaimed  on  Sinai,  'thou  shalt  not  rob' ;  oth.  opin. 
fib  n^inab  rtWMJ  Win  the  oath  goes  back  to  him  who 
by  right  should  have  been  asked  to  make  oath  but  could 
not  be  permitted  to  swear  on  account  of  disqualification, 
i.  e.  he  must  pay ;  a.  v.  fr.— 'a  So, 'a  b33  (abbr.  a"3,  a"33) 
everywhere.  Sabb.  40b;  a.  fr. — TB  'a  bfi,  a"33  wherever. 
Erub.  81b.  Meg.  29a;  a.  fr.— 'a  iniN,  v.  trlK  III— 2)  ecm£- 
ence,  substance;  'an  Me  Existence,  the  Lord  (cmp.  "pSa). 
Gen.E.s.  68  'a  lniaywipi  n*ajpfi  bus  ia©  "psa  no  TiBa  in 
circumscribing  the  name  of  the  Lord,  why  do  we  call  him 
Makom?  laipa  teV©  "pm  obis  bttJ  iaipa  Ninw  because 
He  is  the  existence  (the  preserver)  of  the  world,  but  His 
wor  Id  is  not  His  existence;  Pesik.  B.  s.  21 ;  a.e. — Ab.  Zar. 
40 h  filial  laVtt  ibaiu  'an  yra  blessed  be  the  Lord  who 
has  given  his  world  over  to  preservers  (who  has  created 
remedies).  Nidd.  491'  11193  rVlT'  'an  the  Lord  be  with 
him.  Ber.  16b;  Lev.  E.  s.  5,  v.  ynbti;  a.  v.  fr. 

DlplO,  Treat.  Sof'rim  XXI,  7  'a  'Oris,  v.  biia. 

Nft^p/G,  v.  aapa. 

f]1pD  m.  (Cjlp,  f)Bp;  cmp.  K©ip  needle-eye)  the  eye  of 
the  coulter  for  the  insertion  of  the  horizontal  pole.  Kel. 
XIII,  3. 

"lIpQ  m.  (b.  h.;  lip,  v.  ^pl)  fountain,  esp.=bi  lipa, 
the  interior  of  the  womb  from  where  the  menses  are  dis- 
charged. Nidd.  65b.  lb.  66a;  a.  fr.— [Pesik.  B'shall.,  p.  89b 
SWafaH  fpo,  v.  Nipia  I.] 

™l"lpQ  m.  (Ip3,  v.  next  w.)  beak,  a  tool  for  whetting 
millstones.  Kel.  XXIX,  6  (not  Tpa). 

STlpQ  ch.  same,  beak  of  a  bird.  Gen.  B.  s.  64,  end, 
the  Egyptian  heron  "pIK  niipal  whose  beak  is  long ; 
Yalk.  ib.  Ill,  end  WnpttM  (corr.  ace).  Gen.  B.  1.  c.  aff 
V\  milpa  (not  n^lpla)  he  put  his  beak  (into  the  lion's 
mouth),  and  brought  the  bone  out;  Yalk.  1.  c.  n^Slp  (corr. 

NnipQ,  v.  shpa. 
bj^pS,  v.  btip. 

niZJIpQ  m.  (flJgS;  v.  rt&Ba)  knocker.  Y.  Bets.V,63a 
bot.  [readffima  W>'im31  'a  the  use  of  the  knocker  in 
the  synagogue  is  permitted  (on  the  Sabbath) ;  [oth.  emend, 
v.  ed.  Krot.  marginal  note]. 

Efojipqi,  v.aiBj3i. 

EftETipQ  II,  '/2  15  pr.  n.  pi.  (?)  Ben  APkoshesh.  Yeb. 
15b;  Y.  ib.  i',  3a  bot.'  V&p  tt% 

mpD,  Koh.B.  to  I,  9  "pb3B  'a  nas,  a  corrupt  Var.  lect., 
v.  biJBiV^bp. 

t  *  '  : 

TIlfpQ,  v.  next  w. 

S1)p/3  m.  (Up,  cmp.  TT5  a.  Arab,  kazz  salire)  jumper, 
runner.  Y.  B.  Hash.  II,  58a  top  nstpa  ftp  (corr.  ace.) 
the  torches  were  moved  (v.  Mish.  ib.  4)  in  the  manner  of 

the  runner  (in  zigzag). — PI.  hnpa.  Pesik.  B'shall.  p.  K41 
"31  iialp  p  •'ittpa  Ar.  (ed.  ""tlppa;  Yalk.  Ex.  225  lllpa, 
corr.  ace.)  his  runners  before  him,  his  runners  behind  him 
(Cant.  B.  to  IV,  12  Vina  -psbna  3^1351).  • 

SriJpQ,  n?l...  f.  (Tip)  calculation.  Y.  Shebi.  I,  33b 
bot.  '31  'a  Kin  S)S  this  calculation  has  also  been  adopted 
(v.  W^bWiBa) :  that  ten  young  plants  within  an  area  of 
a  Beth-S'ah  are  equal  to  three  old  trees  as  regards  the 
Sabbatical  year  laws ;  Y.  Succ.  IV,  beg.  54b ;  Y.  Ab.  Zar. 
IV,  43d  top. 

npD  m.  (b.  h.;  npb)  1)  taking.  Ab.  IV,  22  Witt?  fig* 
bribe-taking.  Pes.  IX,  5  UttJSba  ifipa  it  must  be  selected 
(designated)  on  the  tenth  day  of  the  month  (Ex.  XII,  3).— 
2)  (traditional  pronunc.)  fipa  buying,  purchase,  bargain. 
Ib.  112b  '31  'an  b"  Tiasn  ^N  do  not  stand  bargaining  when 
you  have  no  money.  B.  Mets.  IV,  3  'ab  mirffi  if  the  over- 
charge amounts  to  one  sixth  of  the  price  paid.  Ib.  50a  'p 
^npa  *b  give  me  back  my  goods.  Ib.b  'a  Vlli"V3  annulment 
of  the  bargain.  Ib.  51a  TV<2  Ifipa  fiplb  the  purchaser  has 
his  purchase  in  his  possession  (and  can  show  it  to  his 
friends  to  have  it  valued);  a.  v.  fr. — 'an  pit  auction-stone 
for  slaves.  Sifra  B'har  ch.  VII,  Par.  6  (Yalk.  Lev.  667  fipbfi), 
v.  Naaib  I. — isaal  'a,  v.  isaa. 

fcTTOpQ,  rnitSpQm.  ch.  (lap  II)  the  upper  gar- 
ment with  the  girdle,  walking  cloak  or  sheet.  Y.  B.  Mets. 
II,  beg.  8b  'a2  ""p13 . .  nstiJi*  found  a  web  wrapped  up  in 
a  cloak.  Ab.  Zar.  58b  '31  "j^S  ^libJWW  before  you  take 
off  your  cloak,  go  back  (and  rescind  your  decision). 

*|"Vit2pQ  m.  h.  same.  Tosef.  Kel.  B.  Bath.  VII,  1  'XOK 
'am  VpiOB  (E.  S.  to  Kel.  XXIX,  1  "pi-opal;  Kel.  1.  c. 
nilBSafil  XIDIBn)  shreds  of  the  girth  and  of  the  wrap- 
ping clothes.  Sabb.  120a;  Y.  ib.  XVI,  15d  top  (differ,  fr. 


fcOlQpQ  m.  (denom.  of  H^bp)  cucumber-field.  Targ. 
Is.  I,T8  "ed.  Lag.  (oth.  ed.  X^Jpa).  — 'a  *tt  pr.  n.  pi.  Bar- 
Mikfya.  Y.  M.  Kat.  I,  80b  hot". 

S*t2p!Q,  fcC^ID  ' '  m.  pi.  (BgS)  objects  held  in  the  hand 
while  making  oath.  Tosef.  Snh.V,  1  [read:]  bW^pa.  .*$  fft 
iBipai  'abl  if  the  contestant  says,  swear  to  me  by  thy 
life,  or  by  the  object  or  objects  which  I  hold  (v.  njp); 
Y.  ib.  Ill,  beg.  21a  (corr.  ace). 

j,  v.  aiwp. 
feOpn,  v.  top. 

riT'pQ,  rnj?S  f.  (ip1;)  fire-pot,  fragment  of  a  vessel 
used  for  carrying  fire.  Sifra  M'tsor.,  Par.  1,  ch.  I  bin  itf 
'31  'a  Vl3i  from  the  word  heres  (Lev.  XIV,  5)  I  might 
infer  that  a  fragment  of  a  vessel  was  meant,  therefore  it 
says  'a  vessel'.  Y.  Sot.  II,  17d  bot.  V^Dim  tfi  fc&  ..THTl  *,Ka 
'SI  he  who  says  . . .  you  must  not  use  a  makkeda,  means 
a  vessel  the  larger  portion  of  which  is  missing.  Num.  B. 
s.  9;  Sot.  9a  bin  bm  'a  a  piece  of  an  earthen  vessel,  opp. 
■jTQItiJa  nib13 ;  ib.  32b.   Sabb.  XXIV,  5 ;  a.  fr. 

yJTpES  m.,  v.  ^Ipa. 

831  T\m?K 

TVZ^plZ  f.  (v.  Kapa)  bought  object,  thing.  Lev.B.s.5 
■>b  "pjrn  nibbE  'a  ~jb  rPX  (not  "jann)  bast  thou  such  and 
such  an  object?  wilt  thou  lend  it  to  me? 

Np"p~,  v.  #$m. 
N?Tp2,  v.  v&r&a. 

~j>S  c.  (h.  b.:  bbp  /o  sutw^)  walking  stick,  in  gen. 
sta/f.  Sabb.  66a  ZPipt  bz  'a  old  men's  stick.  Kel. 
XVII,  16;  Tosef.  ib.  B.  Mets.  VII,  9  '31  ITO  13  Z^Z  'a  a 
staff  which  has  a  secret  receptacle  for  a  m'zuzah  (njiffa) 
or  jewels.  Ab.  Zar.III,  1  'a  1T3.  Z*Z  S3  a  statue  holding 
in  its  hand  a  staff;  ib.  41a  a=  .  .  .  TOO  W*  rrmc  'a  the 
staff  intimates  symbolically  that  he  causes  himself  to  be 
chastised  as  with  a  staff  in  behalf  of  the  entire  world 
(vicarious  sacrifice).  Y.  Dem.  VII,  beg.  26a  [read:]  *HJ 
,_.  .„•...  ,--,  n-;nr  n^ani  (not  bp-ai)  what  does  it  mean 
that  I  saw  iu  my  dream  an  officer's  staff  suspended 
from  my  body?— Y.  Ned.  IX,beg.,  41b  nmtt  a"1  bz  ibpa 
':*  ILMeir's  staff  was  in  my  hand,  and  it  taught  me  knowl- 
edge. Toh.  VIII,  9  'SI  nKba  KM-'  *tS  a  staff  which  has 
become  wet  with  unclean  fluids;  Tosef.  ib.IX,  15  httTH  '- 
W  (corr.  ace);  a.  v.  fr.— Sabb.  139a  (ref.  to  Is.  XIV,  5) 
,_.  igggg  -131-in  <&&  this  alludes  to  judges  who  are  a 
staff  (of  support)  to  their  beadles  (conniving  at  their 
abuses).—  PI.  hftfJO.  Pes.  V:9.  K.  Hash.  I,  9  'a  nTO  "pnplb 
they  may  take  sticks  with  them  (for  defence);  a.  e. — 
Yoma  VI,  7  (67b)  VtZ\ "jSbp  Y.  ed.  (Bab.  a.  Mish.  nisbpai, 
v.  Babb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  6)  he  twisted  the  limbs  of  the 
animals  around  carrying  poles. 

n*p!2  m.  (nbpll)  roasting  place;  '-  1EK  ashes  from 
the  roast,  i.  e.  vegetable  ashes,  contrad.  to  *®K  which  in- 
cludes any  crumbled  substance.  Taan.  II,  1.  Ib.  15,J  (ref. 
to  '=',  -£X  'prVUI,  ib.)  "p^za  ",n  'a  "1SK  they  must  bring 
wood-ashes  (not  dust,  crushed  bones  &c).  Par.  IX,  7  "EX 
'-  "irxz  z~vrz~  ~r:  ashes  fit  for  lustration  (ashes  of  the 
red  cow)  which  were  mixed  with  wood-ashes.  Tosef. 
ib.  X  (IX),  1  '-  'K3  f\  "nn  they  are  as  unfit  for  lustration 
as  wood-ashes.  Ber.  28a,  a.  e.,  v.  n<a  II. 

n^p2  ch.  same.  Targ.  Lam.  II,  10.— [B.  Mets.  74a 
nbpo  "WTO,  v.  ibp  II.] 

^""'pS  m.  (abp)  bag  for  collecting  the  excrements  of 
working  cattle  Y.BlKam.II,beg.2d.  Kel.XVI,7,  v.'Jipba. 

■"£"DpE,  Targ.  Y.  Num.  VI,  4  'a  "pSSiia,  read  "pEibpa, 
and  strike  out  'pEUa,  as  a  gloss  to  KJEiaa;  v.  KElbp. 

—  '  j^  —  m.  (b.  h. ;  -bp)  refuge,  esp.  for  the  unintentional 
man-slayer.  Mace.  II,  4.  Ib.  6  'a  ^13>b  flf^JU  . .  5310  inK 
both  the  innocent  and  the  willful  slayers  go  temporarily 
to  the  place  of  refuge;  Sifre  Num.  160.  Mace.  II,  8  nxi*i 
icsp*:  ""r";  r';;r  a  man-slayer  who  arrives  at  his  place 
of  refuge;  a.  fr. 

SrCJ*!ppI2  f.  (?bp  II)  braid,  plait.  Y.  Sabb.  VI,  7d  bot. 
'si  nr"  "2  n:3ia  mn  she  sold  the  plait  of  her  head 
(hair),  and  gave  (the  proceeds)  to  him  (Akiba),  that  he 
might  study  the  Law;  Y.  Sot.  IX,  end,  24c  m?en  KTS^bp. 

H^bpQ  f.,  pL  rfi95pQ  (preced.)  braids,  nets.  Yoma 
YI  7 ;  v.,  however,  bpa. 

DpS,  &^pp  I  m.  (ttp)  1)  =h.  lasa,  standing,  at- 
tendance, office.TT&rg.  I  Kings  X,  5.  Targ.  Is.  XXII,  19  ed. 
Lag.  (ed.  'alp1?,  'aipa). — 2)  that  which  is  placed  before 
the  guest,  portion,  plate.  Esth.  K.  to  I,  4,  v.  Si^p. 

sapa  it,  nnpE,  wisfja  f.  (wp;  v.  wpjj  CmP. 

Gen.  XXIII,  17;  20)  acquisition,  bought  object,  thing.  Y. 
Ned.  XI,  42c  bot.  KM  'a  nb  21  n  when  he  allows  her  a 
good  bargain.  Cant.  B.  to  VIII,  9  Kalpa  pTab  to  buy  some 
goods.— Targ.  Y.  Ex.  XXII,  7;  10  Knapa  Ar.  (ed.  KpO'T?; 
h.  text  roKba).— Gen.  B.  s.  73  "jKa...  Knapa  Kin  b3K  *,Ka 
'Q  Kin  mn  who  ate  this  thing  (dish,  v.  Kapa  I,  2)  ?  who 
broke  this  thing  (or  plate)?  — Constr.  napa,  napia.  Y. 
Erub.  in,  21b  top;  Y.  Gitt.  VII,  end,  49a  *,bB  'a  an  estate 
bearing  the  name  of  a  certain  person;  Y.  Kidd.  Ill, 
64a  top  napia;  Y.  Maas.  Sh.  V,  56b  bot.  napa. 

p!!2pI3|  v.  pp~. 

KFlDpE,  constr.  riQpQ,  riQpnQ,  v.  Kapa  II. 

PlDpK  m.  (b.  h.;  nsp)  property,  esp.  cattle.  Num.  B. 
s.  22  bins  'a  Bnb  ft"*l  they  had  a  large  stock  of  cattle ;  a.  e. 

NiVOpE,  nrpDpD  f.  (denom.  of  i9£)  a  bundle  of 
reedsJ  Y.  Maas.  Sh.  IV,  end,  55c  Knbsia  'a  the  bundle  of 
reeds  (seen  in  an  alleged  dream)  means  the  bolster  at  the 
bottom  of  the  bed. 

HSpE  m.,  HsSpE  f.,  (nsp)  a  stiff'  mass  of  grist,  oil 
and  onions.  Ned.Vl.'lO.  Hull.  14b.  Succ.  II,  9  monoa 
ron  when  a  stiff  dish  gets  spoiled.  Ib.  29a  "pD^5  bz  'a  a 
pulp  of  grist;  Y.  ib.  II,  end,  53b  yw  nBpa.  Ib.  bz  .1B32 
131  b:  (corr.  ace.)  a  pulp  of  anything;  a.  fr. 

S2£j>!!2  m.  (C]p3  U)  1)  surrounding,  circitmvallation. 
Targ.TLain.  II,  8  (h.  text  bn).— 2)  going  around ;  'a  '^TOa 
nomadic  camps,  freebooters.  Targ.  O.  Num.  XXXIII,  55  'Oa 
"pSJEpa  freebooters  surrounding  you. 

n^pQ,  Yalk.  Lev.  658,  v.  napia  3. 

!?"tepE  m.  (b.  h.;  rsp)  1)  corner,  angle.  Tarn.  IH,  3; 
Yoma  15b  rvmsa  niDIES'a  the  corner  of  the  north-western 
side  of  the  Temple.— 2)  =nspla,  store.  Men.  54,J;  55*,  v. 
nspia— B.  Bath.  X,  8  (i75b)  bVii  nb"c  n'rum  bsn 'a *,-iko 
•jna  Ms.  M.  (v.  Babb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note)  for  there  is  no  store 
(of  wisdom)  in  the  entire  Law  richer  than  these  (civil 
laws);  Ber.  63b.— PI.  ysispa.  Tosef. Hag.  1, 9  mm  'ttlSpa 
'SI  *Bia  stores  of  the  law,  bodies  of  Halakhoth;  Tosef. 
Erub.  XI  (YIII),  24  ''SSpla  ed.  Zuck.  (Var.  VTSpa).— 3)  v. 
next  w. 

]12  m.  (b.  h.  njttpa;  preced.)  nb^l  bttJ  'a  a  tool 
for  cutting  fig-cakes,  knife  or  saw.  Tosef.  Sabb.  XIV(XV),1 
(ed.  Zuck.  rispa);  Sabb.  123b;  Y.  ib.  XVII,  beg.  16a.— 
PI.  ninspa,  v.  next  w. 

n^iZpQ  f-  (?.  preced.wds.)  stored  fruits,  esj>.fig-cake  — 
PI.  rwspa.   Ned.  VIH,  4  (61 b)  'an  ibEpTO  is  (ib^pTO, 





l^ifiSitt))  Up  to  the  time  when  people  lay  the  figs  in  layers; 
[oth.  opin.:  people  fold  up  the  knives  (v.  preced.)  to  store 
them  away;  oth.  opin.:  people  fold  up  the  matting  on 
which  the  figs  are  dried  before  they  are  stored].  lb. 
62a.  Tosef.  Dem.  I,  3  nisspan  ibBpiUJB;  Y.  ib.  I,  beg.  21c 


n^j^D  f.  (b.  h.;  twpri  v.  nsp)  apart;  (adv.)  partially, 
in  some  cases.  Shebu.  VI,  3  '31  -paa  'a  lb  ITTini  b"wn  since 
he  has  admitted  a  part  of  what  is  comprised  in  the  claim 
(empty  'casks'  against  the  claim  of  'pitchers  of  oil').  Ib. 
B^bs  nspaa  min  if  he  admits  that  he  owes  a  portion  of 
the  vessels  claimed. — B.  Mets.  3a,  a.  fr.  fiJSan  'a(a)  MTvo 
S3W  he  who  admits  a  portion  of  the  claim  must  make 
oath.  Y.  Sbebu.  VII,  beg.  38b  '31  'a  nsnai  'a  njnsu;  i&b 
because  he  is  benefitted  to  a  certain  extent  and  benefits 
(the  owner)  to  a  certain  extent,  he  must  swear  in  some 
cases  and  pay  damage  in  other  cases.  Sifra  Sh'mini,  Par. 
9,  ch.  XI  'a  mfiBl  'a  ttKaa  you  make  it  possible  to 
declare  (the  seeds)  unclean  in  some  cases  and  clean  in 
others.  Ab.  V,  8  '31  "jtlXpal  -plBSa  ^pa  if  a  part  of  the 
people  give  tithes  and  a  part  give  not,  v.  rTnza.  Koh.  R. 
to  VII,  27,  a.  e.  fflfian  baa  tfJSin  'a  loss  of  a  part  of  one's 
life  (pain,  loss  of  property  &c.)  is  considered  like  a  sac- 
rifice of  one's  entire  life;  a.  fr. — Ch.  v.  nap. 

ppQ  (b.  h.;  cmp.  pla)  to  soften. 

Nif.  pB3,  pis?,  'a^a  to  be  softened;  to  decay;  to  he 
sqashed  beyond  recognition.  Nidd.  X,  4  1tt»n  pia^ia  IS 
until  decay  has  set  in.  Bice.  I,  8  Ipaa  if  the  first  fruits 
became  decayed.  Sifra  B'huck.,  Par.  2,  ch.  VIII  (ref.  to 
Lev.  XXVI,  39)  tea?  Nbx  sipB"?  lalX  I3i«  it  does  not  merely 
mean 'they  shall  decay' (when  a  portion  remains  sound),  but 
'they  shall  dissolve'  (v.  Mace.  24a  bot.).  Nidd.  Ill,  4  pia"1? 
'al  ibin  the  embryo  may  have  been  mashed  (mixed  up 
with  the  blood)  before  it  was  passed.  Y.  ib.  Ill,  end,  51a 
'31  ln^bttJ  iip/ia^  the  placenta  was  mashed.  Bab.  ib.  27a 
'31  B2B  piaa  nan  laitf  there  is  no  comparison  between 
one  presumption  that  the  embryo  was  mashed  and  two 
such  suppositions  (that  the  placenta  of  one  embryo  and 
the  embryo  of  another  placenta  were  mashed).  R.  Hash. 
Ill,  8  O^Bi?  m  they  decayed  (from  the  serpent's  bites), 
opp.  "pKBina;  a.  e.— Tanh.  Noah  10  inia^paS;  Yalk.Dan. 
1060  IT*  pais,  v.  infra. 

Hif.  pan  l)  to  squash.  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  II,  40cbot.  pian  xbll) 
'31  lest  she  may  squash  the  embryo  in  her  womb. — 
2)  to  enervate,  cause  consumption.  Keth.  VII,  10  inpaa 
she  (the  intercourse  with  her)  will  enervate  him  (the 

Eof.  pain  to  be  crumbled,  to  dissolve.  Snh.  92b  Ilia  n 
(Rashi)  his  (Nebucadnezzar's)  pride  was  crumbled  (he 
confessed  his  wrong),  v.  pna ;  (ed.  ma  Tl  its  (the  kiln's) 
foundation  was  crumbled  (from  the  heat);  [oth.  vers,  n 
TTC  the  lime  in  it  melted;  Tanh. Noah  10  Vnoi  pa3;  Yalk. 
Dan.  1060  1TB  pa^]. 

Hithpalp.  papann  to  be  crushed,  to  pine.  Taan.  25b 
-15-jSil  papan^ia  TJ  until  he  is  made  submissive  (by  star- 
vation) and  feels  pain. 

y\JQ  ch.  same. 

Ithpalp.  papanx  l)  to  pine  away,  be  weakened.  Targ. 
Y.  Deut.  XXXI,  18;  a.  e.— 2)  to  decay,  melt.  Targ.  Job 
XIV,  10(h.  text ffifcn).  Targ.Ps.LXXIlI,8(h.textlp^).— 
3)  to  sneeze,  v.  infra. 

Ithpe.  pparm  (cmp.  J«o,  Ithpol.)  1)  to  be  languid,  to 
stretch  one's  self.  Targ.  I  Kings  XVII,  21.— 2)  [to  collapse; 
v.  KfTB  a.  ia-jS,]  to  sneeze.  Targ.  II  Kings  IV,  35  ed.  Lag. 
(ed.  Ven.  I  ppianx  Ithpol.  of  pla;  Regia  pBpan:*;  ed. 
pTrattS;  h.text  *m*\;  Pesh.  ppBns). 

i,  v.  p^aa. 

ypJ2  m.  (preced.)  ^Bt>1  'a  book-worm.  Sabb.  90a. 

^pQ,  'S^pK]  m.  (v.  ppa,  Ithpe.)  sneezing.  — PI. 
TPpa,  '^pa.  Targ.  Job  XLI,  10  ">1ppa  Regia  (Ms.  Var. 
^ipipa;  ed.  '♦H*^  b.  text  TWO*). 

")}2Q,  v.  ip/a. 

y]2  m.  ch.=h.  IBJia,  cooling;  'a  Sp  shady  rock.  Targ. 
Is.  XXV,  5  (h.  text  3S). 

iSHpQ  pr.  n.  m.  (Maxpo;)  Macra.  Gen.  R.  s.  46  [read:] 

'al  NTn  XianBa  this  interpretation  of  M.  is  plausible; 
(Lev.  R.  s.  25  «tj?T). 

sS  JpU,  Cs  J  lpl2  m.  (NT^)  being  called,  summons.  Y. 
Ber.  II,  4,rtop;  Y.  Meg.  I,  71c  (play  on  *plpa,  Prov.  V,  18) 
'31  13pb  ^"ipa  "|JTi  blessed  be  thy  being  summoned  to 
the  grave;  Yalk.  Prov.  937;  Koh.  R.  to  IV,  17.  Ib.  msa 
"|1*ia  PTVttl  "jXTpa  be  blessed  in  the  house  to  which  thou 
wilt  be  called. 

v>  JP^l  m.  (b.h.;  fcOpT)  \)call,  convocation.  Sifra  Emor, 
Par.  11,' ch.  XIV  lUTp  'a  1X1I5S  ax  aba  unless  one  made 
it  (the  Day  of  Atonement)  a  holy  call  (observed  it).  Ib. 
ch.  XIII,  Par.  1 1  '31  ffilp  'a  bNTW  "ffl  the  sons  of  Israel 
are  a  holy  convocation  (called  to  celebrate  the  festivals) 
&c.  Mekh.  Bo.  s.  9 ;  a.  fr.— 2)  reading,  esp.  the  reading  from 
the  Scriptures.  Ber.  II,  1  'aa  'JB1  the  time  for  reading  the 
Sh'm'a.  Meg.  3a,  a.  fr.  nb^a  'a  the  recitation  of  the  Book 
of  Esther.  Tosef.  Ber.  II,  20  nbfini  'a  B'tB  im  reading  the 
Scriptures  and  prayer  are  permitted  there;  Sabb.  10a; 
a.  e.— Meg.  1.  c.  (ref.  to  Neh.  VIII,  8  'a  lfcOpil)  It  this  means 
the  reading  of  the  text;  Ned.  37b;  a.  fr.—  3)  pronunci- 
ation, vocalization ;  d^BlB  'a  the  traditional  vocalization 
of  the  Scripture  texts.  Ib.— 4)  teaching  the  Bible,  primary 
instruction.  Ib.  IV,  3  'a  13lab*>  Kb  he  must  not  teach  him 
Bible,  contrad.  to  1TT1B  &c.  Ib.  36b  bot.  'an  bs . . .  aipaa 
where  is  it  customary  to  take  remuneration  for  teaching 
the  Bible.  Y.  Meg.  Ill,  beg.  73d;  Y.  Keth.  XIII,  beg.  35c 
'31  'ab  IBB  tva  Beth  Sepher  was  the  school  for  Bible,  Beth 
Talmud  for  Mishnah.  Lev.  R.  s.  2,  beg.  'ab  "peaza  enter 
the  primary  school;  a.  fr.  — 5)  the  Scriptures.  Y.  Taan. 
IV,  68a  bot.  'an  b3  bS  imm,  v.  im;  a.  fr.  — 6)  Biblical 
verse,  text.  Sot.  V,  2  '31  mWl  "ja  'a  lb  yWB  there  is  for 
it  no  passage  in  the  Torah  intimating  that  it  is  unclean. 
Ib.  '31  "jB  'a  lb  *Oaa  produces  for  it  a  Biblical  text  in 
evidence  &c.  Yeb.  llb,  a.  e.  'Witt*  T«a  KXT'  'a  "px  a  Bible 
verse  can  never  lose  its  literal  sense  (although  its  meaning 

may  be  extended  by  the  methods  of  interpretation).  Snh. 
a.  e.  "si  SCPP  t\»  'a,  v.  nrj.  lb.  I0ia  lasra  ril  ti 
~:  ibis  verse  must  be  interpreted  from  its  own  wording, 
lb.  bot.  trm  ^:x  '3..."]b  yso  how  do  you  know  this?.. 
I  interpret  Bible  verses;  a.  {v.— PI.  rijrpa,  rri^pa.  Men. 
19b;  Zeb.  63b;  Sot.  14b  '31  nttK  'a  "0»  XS'a  rir.«V>  a"3 
wherever  there  are  two  possible  interpretations  of  two 
parallel  expressions  one  of  which  contradicts  the  other, 
and  one  of  which  confirms  the  other  &c.  Yoma  52abot., 
v.  r-=-  Y.  Snh.  VIII,  26c  top  'a  tVKfom  IriK  JIT  this  is 
one  of  the  three  passages  where  the  Law  speaks  meta- 
phorically; Y.  Keth.  IV,  28c  top;  a.  fr. 

^""12,  v.  next  w. 

D"i~®  >S"Hj>/!2in.  ([xaxfiO-lAa^ooc,  a  made-up  word) 
Macro-ciaphros  (Tall-Lightfoot).  Gen.  K.  s.  65 . .  OttJ  nrvTO 
Z'~Z~  Xllpa  . .  (corr.  ace.)  and  a  woman  was  there  who 
had  a  son  that  was  a  dwarf,  but  whom  she  called  M.  and 
said,  'a  "z\  my  son  is  tall  and  lightfooted  (fit  for  the  body 
guard);  Cant.  It.  to  II,  15  DI^S"^  Tp*B  (corr.  ace);  Yalk. 
Jer.  332  0isbl"ipa,  OsVnpa  (corr.  ace). 

sSr"D"nj>!C  f.  (l^p)  coming  near,  touching.  Yalk. 
Gen.  26  '31  rpr^i-paz.  r=al  kVi  nas  as  thou  didst 
not  die  on  touching  it  &c;  Gen.  R.  s.  19  DrVa  xVl  Mas 


DTSuTpQ,  tD^TlpE,  v.  onsbxi-ipa. 

D"HpE  m.  (|j.ay.p6;)  tall.   Yalk.  Gen.  114  '{'OtKJ  CX 

'31  13"3"~2  'a  though  in  thy  sight  he  is  tall,  in  ours  he  is  a 
dwarf;  (Gen.  R.  s.65,  a.e.  Crs?  X1-)pa  &c,  v.  ci-z'rs---:  . 

m'j^2  m.  ("p  1^/".),  ipW  'a,  ipV«  'a primary  teacher. 
B.  Bath.  21 b  'SI  &6n  ^  'an  that  a  teacher  cannot  prevent 
a  colleague  from  opening  a  school  in  the  same  avenue. 
Ib.a  'Z'  '-  a  "0  the  highest  number  of  pupils  for  a 
primaiy  teacher  is  twenty-five;  a.  fr. — PL  "^pa-  lb. 
'31  "i  %  "~r  ~:~  where  there  are  two  teachers  one  of 
whom  &c,  v.  D~y  II. 

ri"D"Hp/C  f.  pi.  (a  jocular  denom.  of  SOpa,  to  rhyme 
with  nib^spa)  based  on  textual  interpretation.  Y.  B.  Earn. 
YIII,  end,  8*  v.  r'Vzpa. 

j  '  1^12  I  pr.  n.  m.  Macrin,  (supposed  to  mean)  Ma- 
crianus,  one  of  the  thirty  tyrants,  who  after  the  capture 
by  the  Persians  of  Valerian,  was  declared  Roman  emperor 
together  with  his  sons  Macrianus  and  Quietus.  Gen.  B. 
8.  76  (ref.  to  'three  of  the  older  horns',  Dan.  VII,  8)  WDTB  It 
■»fcl-p-npl  Dl-.pi  'a  cr-=;"  zrb  (some  ed.  "p^ipa)  those 
(Romans)  who  gave  them  (the  princes  of  Palmyra,)  their 
royal  titles  (v.  IS? IV);  M.  &c;  Yalk.  Dan.  1064  GWpia 
Gip-i-pi  DYVpl  (omitting  CrvizVa  .  . .  It)  (some  ed.  Cll^pl; 
Ffirst  Gloss.  Graeco-Hebr.  p.  145  quotes:  tn'm-'pl).  [The 
other  two  names,  obviously  corrupted,  refer  perhaps  to 
the  two  sons  of  Macrianus.  V.  Fiirst  1.  c.  for  other  con- 

833  *™?£T? 

THpQ  II  m.  (b.  h.  *,"pa ;  denom.  of  "ftp)  having  Jwrns. 
Hull.  60a;  Sabb.  28b;  Ab.Zar.  8aD^1Ba  'fc. . .  S'nprTW  "TO 
the  ox  which  Adam  offered  had  one  horn  in  his  forehead, 
for  it  is  written  (Ps.  LXIX,  32)  &c;  raffia  '{*V\  tl  but  does 
not  makrin  mean  'having  two  horns'  (as  D^Ea  'having 
hoofs')?  3TC  "ppa  it  is  written  without  Yod  (intimating 
a  defect). 

"j3T1p2  f.  pi.  (=np)  rents.  Y.  Maas.  Sh.  IV,  55b  bot.,  v. 
Sirjp-'k'll  a.  Nrrp^a. 

ri^JnpD  f.  (^p)  a,  piece  of  dough,  separated  from  the 
main'doughin  the  trough.  Tosef.  Toh.  XI, 2.  Toh.  I,  8  — 
PI.  niS'npa.  lb.  7.  Tosef.  Hall.  I,  12  'a  ilttjyrrtCa  from  the 
time  the  dough  is  divided  up  into  lumps;  Y.  ib.  I,  beg. 

59a  'a  'a  mrsrura;  a.  e. 

2plP?>  S!?p"pP  m.,  mostly  pi.  "^pa  (v.  Spnp) 
attached  to  the  ground,  real  estate,  opp.  x'pabaa.  Yeb.  99a, 
a.  e.  "'al  'as  tens  a  slave  is  legally  considered  as  real 
estate  |  B.  Bath.  150a  tttpnpOO  (Ms.  M.  pi).  Ib.  'a  "WW) 
'31  -r:T  there  is  a  difference  between  movable  real  estate 
(a  slave)  and  an  immovable  estate;  ib.  68a.  Ib.  150b  nave 
"pn"!  "WpT\  'aal  Ms.  M.  (ed.  'aso)  the  widowhood  which 
the  Rabbis  have  instituted  to  be  guaranteed  by  real  estate. 
Ib.a  bot.  Kin  'a  fiiTX  mire  the  wife's  settlement  is  con- 
sidered real  estate ;  a.  fr. 

NiTRpC,  NFTPpE  f.  (v.  -ipa)  cooling  place.  Targ. 
I  Kings  VII,  2,  a.  e.  N"2:.  r~pa  r-3  the  royal  summer- 
house  (h.  text  yvzbft  19"  ntl).— K^W  'a  pr.  n.  M'kerta 
d'Tsillaya  {Cooling  Shades),  name  of  a  field.  Y.  M.  Kat. 
I,  beg.  80*  (ed.  Krot.  rnpa). 

n^U;pI2  m.  (K'ip)  one  who  raises  objections, disputant. 
Gen.  R.  s.48 ;  s.  85 ;  Yalk.  Gen.  82 ;  B.  Mets.  87a,  v.  &£UW 
(cmp.  XnttEa).— PI.  iripa.  Y.  Kil.  HI,  beg.  28c  ptTfi  'f\V\ 
'a  were  sitting  and  raising  questions. 

nitf!2pa,  X'XtpQ,  v.  next  w. 

-Jp2  f.  (b.  h.;  =rW£pa,  denom.  of  xrp,  v.  tfWtfp) 
cucumber  field,  in  gen.  truck-farm.  Tosef.  Ter.  I,  4;  Y.  ib. 
I,  40b  bot.  Tosef.  B.  Mets.  IX,  32 ;  a.  e.  (v.  also  rnrpia).— 
PI.  niKopa,  r.iirpa,  T'xirpa.  Shebi.  n,  l  tfi  Jot  (Ms. 
M.  UttfyjU,  corr.  ace;  Maim.  rVPtJpa),  v.  r??*rs.— In  gen. 
nisVrai  'a  late  vegetables  or  fruits.  Pes.  6b.  Erub.  104a 
•ttfc-vqn  T'Jjepa  ed.  Sonc.  (Ms.  0.  TOVd;  Ms.  M.  I^xrpa 
1",S?'iai,  ed.  only  li-^ll)  (who  guards)  his  late  fruits;  a.  e. 
—[Sabb.  90b  "Wl  hv  WBpO,  read:  n^;pTa.  v.  STJp.] 

niUpD  m.  h.=ch.  nxrpa,  disputant,  undecided.  Hor. 
14a  'al  cp"ih  quick  but  undecided,  opp.  to  p"«Oai  "Jina  slow 
but  coming  to  a  conclusion. 

S"  wpD  —  h.  rrajpa,  v.  BWjJjo, 

n1^pP»  v.  Hijopa. 

ISTtJfJD,  ^ttSpw,  f.,  part,  pass.  Af  of  10j3. 




"rOTEJpD-  Targ.Y.IIDeut.XXIX,16,read  :-n3iptt5a. 

"ID  m.  myrrh,  lia. 

"ID  I  =  iax,  to  speak,  say.  Y.  Sabb.  I,3b  top  lai  nn 
again  he  said.  Y.  B.  Bath.  X,  17c  bot.  X31.1  "njwa  (not  Tff») 
from  what  H.  said  (we  learn).  Y.  Snh.  Ill,  21 b  bot.  *jKa 
lai  he  who  said.  lb.  X,  27(1  bot.,  v.  ni.— Y.  Ter.VIlI,  46a 
y*yo  "jinx  na  "pan  observe  what  you  say.  Y.  Ber.  II,  5C 
topT,pial  mx  (not  nial)  some  say;  a.  fr. 

"ID  II  m.  (b.  h. ;  ^)  1)  bitter.  Pes.  39a  '31 la  pf  b3 
every  bitter  herb  contains  a  gum  (won  by  impissation). 
Lev.B.s.31  '31  W  nnna  nta  la  rather  something  bitterer 
than  this  out  of  the  hand  of  the  Lord,  than  sweets  out 
of  thine;  Yalk.  Gen.  59;  Gen.  B.  s.  33  (corr.  acc.); — 
Y.  Snh.  X,  27d  iJ>  la  woe  is  me.    Keth.  69b  (play  on  i6l 

aimio  rTtSa,  Am.  vi,7)  diniiob  n»  nirw  rttlSa  he  who  is 

bitter  (of  soul)  ami  distracted  (through  bereavement)  is 
made  the  chief  of  those  banqueting  (i.  e.  the  mourner  must 
sit  at  the  head  at  the  comforting  meal) ;  M.  Kat.  28b  (not 
nna, Ms. M. nnia) ;  Yalk.  Am. 545.— 2) corrosive  substance; 
trnsf.  care,  worry.  Sabb.  30b;  Pes.  11 7a  (play  on  lia,  Cant. 
V,  13)  a  student  before  his  teacher,  la  niB'Jl3  WinBtt)  yvfl 
whose  lips  to  not  drip  from  care ;  (Cant.  B.  1.  c.  WSJBTU 
lia  niBliiS).  —  3)  mar,  name  of  a  bitter  herb,  ferula.  Pes. 
1.  c.  iXlli  la,  expl.  i  Kin  m  la  mar  is  y'roar,  v.  "**t*] ;  [for. 
Var.  lect.  v.  Babb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note].— Fern,  ttra,  q.  v. 

"ID  III  (or  153)  m.  (nia)  exchange ;  ~l  Ia3  instead  of; 
as.  Hull.  94a  n-JinU5l  1532.  niVniS  rOrfl  and  he  gave  her 
(the  ritually  forbidden  hen)  to  him  (the  gentile)  pretend- 
ing that  it  was  ritually  cut.  B.  Kam.  113b,  v.  Kp^f.  Bekh. 
30a  K11331  la3  H*4  "JtRS  sold  it  for  fat  of  the  ileum 
(which  is  permitted ;  Ar.  Kn33l53,  suggesting  XFOSia,  q.  v.). 

"ID  IY,  "ID  (h.  a.  ch.),  S"1D  I  m.  {pi.  forms  X153,  fya, 
iiX53)  (Arab,  marua,  cmp.  X153,  io  6e  strong;  cmp.  13» 
a.  125)  »wan,  lord,  master;  somebody;  (as  a  title)  Mar. 
Tosef.  Shek.  II,  1 5  bsn  ^3>  la©  i3Ba  because  he  was  ruler 
&c,  v.  bisiaX;  Hor.  13a  X3>13  lax  (prob.  to  be  read  Xla 
Kbl3).—  Lev.  B.  s.  31  na  1153  my  lord  Noah.  Y.  Peah  VIII, 
end,  21b  "^3  11a  61S?3i  t&  let  my  lord  not  be  angry  &c; 
a.  e.— Targ.  Gen.  XXXVII,  19.  Targ.  Prov.  XXIII,  2  ;  a. 
fr.— Snh.  109b/31  153  i«Y...  n31  153  iK  if  the  one  (Moses) 
is  teacher  (leader),  thou  art  a  pupil  (subordinate),  and  if 
the  other  (Korah)  is  &c.  Hull.  105a,  a.  fr.  Kin  lax  la 
'31  lax  lai  one  said  one  thing,  another  another  thing, 
but  they  do  not  differ.  Yoma  20b  *b  lax  lai  Ms.  M.  (ed. 
max  rial)  and  you,  Sir,  say  to  me  &c.  lb.  n3i3  31  UrTO  la 
la  (Bashi  Kin  la)  the  man  (you  speak  of)  is  a  teacher ; 
sit  down,  Sir.  B.  Kam.  60b  '31  la  Ka^  h^  lax  la  one 
said  to  him,  tell  us,  Sir  &c— Ber.  2a,  a.  fr.  la  lax  it  has 
been  said  (introducing  a  discussion  on  a  subject  previous!)- 
touched  upon).  Y.  Snh.  I,  18c  bot.,  a.  e.  xrtfaUJl  WTO  13K 
'3T  in  such  a  case  the  author  of  the  rule  would  not  have 
maintained  it.  Y.  Ter.  YIII,  45°  'a  xm  Kroiatt)  iia  xn 
K1212  here  is  a  master  of  traditions  and  a  master  of  prac- 
tice. Gen.  B.  s.  58  (expl.  3©in,  Gen.  XXIII,  4)  Km3  UKa 
(=ni3n  ^53)  owner  of  a  house,  citizen,  opp.  Kini.  Succ. 
32b,  a.  fr.  "b  mi53  ni>  illE  the  Lord  forgive  him  (he  is 

mistaken).— Ned.  50a  n^»  KJialiSS-'i  let  our  lord  do  with 
this  (be  contented  for  the  present).  Y.  Ab.  Zar.  V,  44a 
[read :]  -j©E31  nia  nx  ftk  (cmp.  Prov.  XXIII,  2)  if  thou 
art  master  over  thy  desire;  Tjnia  "]1DB3  iK  if  thy  desire 
is  master  over  thee;  Deut.  B.  s.  Vx3X  HDB31 11a  XSXlam 
master  over  my  desire;  a.  ir.  —  Pl.  iia^di'^Sa  (used  as 
sing.  a. pi.;  v. supra).  Targ.  Is.III,12;—  xnilia.xniia 
(pi.  of  XW153).  Targ.  Prov.  V,  13  (h.  text  ilia).— Gitt.  40" 
ixma  'a  1^3  the  owners  at  second  hand  (of  the  settlement 
of  slaves)  died  out;  ixalp  'a  i33X  llinx  apply  (for  eman- 
cipation) to  the  heirs  of  the  original  owners.  B.  Bath. 
3b  niniia  inVo^  inswap  (Var.  ninna  133  in^isb)  he  (He- 
rod) killed  all  of  his  master's  family.  B.  Kam.  103a  'a 
X3ni3l  Ms.M.  (ed.  hTrtlla)  the  owner  of  the  flax;— 
Mar  Samuel,  Mar  Ukban  &c,  v.  respect,  pr.  nouns. — Fern. 
Xn-153,  nni53  l)  mistress,  constr.  nia.  Targ.  I  Kings  XVII, 
17*.  'Targ.  Is.  XXIV,  2;— Gen.  B.s.  52,  v.nbsa.  Y.Hag. 
II,  77d  xni31  'a  the  hostess.  Y.  Peah  VIII, 21b  top  [read:] 
tVTtrm  nHi)S31  lini  nij)  3n  give  him  (the  poor  man)  more, 
for  his  appetite  is  his  master  (be  is  used  to  good  living). 
Y.  Ab.  Zar.  I.e.,  v.  supra;  a.  fr.— 2)  pr.  n.  f.  Martha.  Gitt. 
56a;  a.  fr.  &mi3  n3  'a,  v.  dirYra.— M.  Kat.  26b  bot.  13  K3X 
'a(Ms.M.nia);  Yeb.l20a;  Sabb.l21b;  Yoma 84a  (v. Babb. 
D.  S.  a.  1.  note  60);  a.  e.  — 3)  pr.  n.  m.  (?).  Snh.  5a  bot. 
B.  Bath.  52a  (v.  Babb.  D.  S.  a.  1.  note  8).  Pes.  103a  top  'a 
lax  (Ms.  M.  1  X3112  31;  Ms.  M.  2  X31la,  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a. 
1.  note). 

"ID,  &OD  II  f.  1)  (=xixa,  v.  nix)  hoe,  rake.  Erub. 
77b  X3i2ni  'a  "«ai  it  requires  hoe  or  pick-axe  (to  get  it 
out).  Meg.  28a,  v.  ill  II.  Taan.  23b  top  'al  "Q^S  the  wood 
(he  had  collected)  and  the  rake.  B.  Mets.  82b  **)B1  'a 
aillpl  (Ms.  la,  Ar.  3>6B  la)  hoe  and  mattock  and  axe; 
Ber.  57b  dlllpl  b&B  la.  Keth.  64a  ni13pb  nial .  .  .  X3i?3 
I  want  a  staff  to  lean  on  and  a  hoe  to  make  my  grave, 
i.  e.  a  son  to  support  me  in  old  age  and  to  provide  for  my 
burial;  Yeb.  65b.  Taan.  21b,  v.  KVSM;  a.  e—  *2)  (=XlXa, 
denom.  of  XHX;  cmp.  Arab,  marvu  silices  &c.)  flint  for 
striking  a  light.  Zeb.  116b  Xnin  'aa  X113  IpiBX  (Ms.  M. 
xsxsaa,  Yalk.  Lev.  579  ns&aa,  v.  X3&3a;  Ms.  K.  X3X53a; 
En  Yaak.  X353a)  produce  fire  with  a  flint-stone  which  has 
not  been  used  before. 

S"ID,  to  be  strong,  v.  11a. 

&OD,  v.  11a. 

S^D,  v.  Xiia. 

n^"lDi  m.  (b.  h.;  nxi)  sight,  looks,  appearance;  color, 
shade.'  Yoma  74b  nttJX3  t3i3i3>  nxia  the  pleasure  of  looking 
at  one's  wife.  Tosef.  Neg.  I,  2  ',nijXl  'a  the  first  inspection 
of  a  leprous  affection  (Lev.  XIII,  3),  13©  '53  the  second 
(ib.  5)  &c.  lb.  4  *,2b  'a  bo  all  shades  of  white;  ni3iD  'a 
grey  color.  Ib.  5  ni33,  'a  the  appearance  of  an  elevation ; 
nan3  bx  'as  as  the  appearance  of  a  shade  thrown  on  a 
sunlit  object;  Sifra  Thazr.,Neg.,  ch.  1;  a.  fr.—  PI.  nixi53 
(with  pronom.  suffix)  V'Xla,  rnxia  &c.  Neg.  I,  1.  Sifra 
1.  c,  Par.  2,  ch.  II  1iXla3  retaining  its  original  color;  nn3 
liXiaa  fainter  than  its  original  color.  Bekh.  VII,  5;  v. 
Tpion ;  a.  fr. 


nS"C  f.  (b.  h. ;  preced.)  1)  mirror.  Kel.  XIV,  6  rt»SW 
'a  13  (not  HX12JS\2J)  one  part  of  which  he  polished  to  serve 
as  a  mirror.  Tosef.  Sabb.  XIII  (XIV),  16 ;  a.  tr.—Pl.  rfarm. 
Gen.  R.  s.  4  niblia  'a  magnifying  mirrors ;  niSBp 'a  diminish- 
ing mirrors;  a.e. — 2)  -picture. — PL  as  ab.  lb.  s.  73  "jb  rrn 
~FP3"lri3'a  didst  thou  have  pictures  in  thy  house?  niinil) 
. . .  n:nb  IX  of  black  persons  or  of  white  ? 

riS"lQ,  v.  roti*o. 
TKBRTO,  v.  *Brno. 

rPS~i£  f.(nxi),  ',*~(n)'-3,  appearance,  sight, semblance. 
Bekh.  VII,  3  "Sri  "2  "91)8  because  he  is  repulsive  to  look  at. 
Lev.  It.  s.  26 ;  Midr.  Till,  to  Ps.  VII  'a  ">3Ea  . . .  "pbia  li^X 
'".~i  he  does  not  take  his  children  with  him,  because  he 
is  afraid  of  the  evil  eye.  —  Esp.  'S(n)  t3  "^Ba  in  order 
to  avoid  the  semblance  of  wrong-doing,  for  appearance 
sake.  Bets.  9a,  a.  fr.  ^n  'a  ^3Ba  DToan  118X115  Blpa  bs 
'21  '"EX  wherever  the  scholars  have  forbidden  a  thing  for 
appearance  sake,  it  is  forbidden  even  in  strictest  privacy, 
cmp.  Iiri;  Y.  Erub.  VIII,  end,  25b.  Y.  M.  Kat.  I,  80b. 
'S  'a  ">3Ba  ",33lb  n"bl  do  the  Rabbis  not  care  for  appear- 
ance?; a.  fr. 

&ON10,  v.  Kym. 

T  T 

mi^NHQ  f.  pi.  (b.  h.;  denom.  of  'JJX-i)  head-part  of 
the  bed,  bolster,  pillow.  Y.  Ber.  Ill,  6d  bot.  '13(a)  . . .  nVin 
n::an  he  majT  suspend  them  from  the  head-board  of  the 
bed,  opp.  rr&Tta.  Yoma  78a  rniiiixia  nnn  nn->3a  put  it 

under  his  bolster.  Sabb.  12b  btt  WflPaHa  flbsab  nS^DlU 
flbin  (='aa)  the  Divine  Presence  is  above  the  head-side 
of  the  patient;  Yalk.  Ps.  741. 

2112,  S"TO,  (b.  h.)  pr.  n.  f.  Merab,  daughter  of  King 
Saul.   Snh.  19b;  a.  e. 

wD")E,  v.  1(3113  a.  r(3i3. 

nil"112,  v.  nana 

Beware,  wwsna  v.  seem* 

T     •  :     -'•         T-t  ■  t  :  -   :  - 

S3'""i~iI2,  Xj^STIE  m.  (inn)  1)  educator,  teacher. 
TargTProv!  II,  17  ed.Lag.  (ed.  Xri3ia  teaching;  h.  text 
t]lbx).— 2)  (=h.  nib1;)  raised  (servant  or  child).- PL  yv+QTm, 
constr.  Wflj  Tft  Targ.  Y.  I  Gen.  XIV,  14  (II  "VWO, 
corr.  ace.)!  lb.  XVII,  12.  Targ.  Y.  Num.  XIII,  23 ;  28;  a. 
e.  — 3)  (pi.)  sprouts.  Targ.  Ps.  LXV,  11  xnnas  "9.^8 
(Ms.  KnsTjsa ;  h.  text  n^abn). 

^r!1"'"1!!!*^,  SrP*S"]E  f.(preced.)n»rse,  foster-mother. 
Targ/Y  II  Gen.  XXXV,  8  (Ar.  XrV*3aia;  h.text  npaTo).— 
V.  xnsiaia. 

&C"H~iD,  v.  xi^aia. 

tt    :     :     -  t    t  :    :  - 

JtfTllIPSlQ  ^w^aia.  Kidd.3ib  tm  trio'^oj  KWin 

(Ar.  rprr^aia)  she  (whom  he  calls  his  mother)  was  his 
foster-mother  (or  nurse). 

nyftnn,  j*rrtFBna  v.  n^n. 

835  KbrriE 


nlT31I2,  Targ.  Y.  II  Gen.  XIV,  14,  v.  K^ais. 

rFS'TQ  f.  (b.  h.;  n3i)  l)  increase, profit.  B.  Mets.  61a. 
—2)  young  tree.— PL  nvaia,  v.  tWitt  I. 

KrPS"1Q  f.  1)  =h.  tiaiiia  I,  a  growing  tree  (not  yet 
fully  developed).  Y.  Shebi.  I,  end,  33c  ..'a  Xin  "*an  ',3X1 
">1iE3  X^nx  .  .  (not  "11B3)  and  yet  we  see  young  fig  trees 
come  out  with  full  fruit;  [Y.  Orl.  I,  61a  .  .  xnila  "pin 
n^sisb  .  .  .,  a  corrupt  gloss  transferred  from  Y.  Shebi. 
1.  c.]. — 2)  training,  teaching.  Targ.  Prov.  II,  1 7,  v.  XS^aia. 

NTP  SlIQi  v.  xn^aia. 

t:    -  :    -  t   t  :  :- 

?Iil™in  m.  (T|3i)  an  irregular  pile.  Ohol.  Ill,  7  bit)  'a 
B^33X  (Ar.  53113,  Var.  pla)  a  pile  of  (large)  stones;  Succ. 
20b  -|31B  ed.  (Ms.  M.  2  -j313).  Sabb.  125b  "pla  (S3la)  Ar. 
(ed.  "pl3). 

armaria  arrDsna,  v.  ww»a  a.  K*wm. 

tt:-:-'  tt:-!-'  tt::-  t:      •    :  - 

rcgizi^rrisa'Ta  v.n-anan. 

t  t  :     •     *  t  :    • 

(fen,  resting  place.  Targ.  Am.  Ill,  4  TttT&BTtt  ed.  Lag. 
(ed.  Wil.  'AtfHft  Targ.  II  Esth.  I,  2  ISaia.— B.  Bath.  73a 
XBlt  X35131  n'Waia  "3  the  resting  place  of  a  small  star 
(Ms.  P.  n"<Pnasi3  t3  the  transit  of  &c;  v.  Rabb.  D.  S.  a.  1. 
note  40).  Ib.b  n^UTH  'a  "U  the  place  where  his  head 

JTJI2  to  sway  to  and  fro,  vacillate. 

Pa.  V*T8  to  cause  swaying.  Targ.  II  Sam.  VI,  6 ;  Targ. 
I  Chr.  XIII,  9. 

Ithpe.  a^ianx  to  be  swayed,