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THE 
ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 
OF 
One Hundred and Twenty Letters 
WITH A 
New Arithmetic System 
BY 


JOHN M. KLUH 


CHICAGO, ILLINOIS. 
J. M. KLUH, 2842 State Street 
1922 


Copyrighted 
by 
Joun M. Kivu 
1922 


we (5 
K Ile 
GWIVERSITY OF ILLIMOIS LIEAAR: 
PREFACE. 


OTHE aa ric. 
iets 339 LON Libkany 


In introducing the Etymologic Cipher Alpha- 
bet to the public, the author would briefly observe 
that he was, from practical linguistical knowledge 
led to develope this Alphabet on etymologic 
principles, as an attempt to supply an educational 
want which had too long existed in linguistical 
works,—that of a uniform Book Alphabet for all 
languages from which the natives and foreigners 
might learn the sounds of their vernacular language, 


and of the human voice as recorded by letters. 


In teaching the phonetic elements of any 
language, the only rational and successful method 

_ of conveying a proper knowlege of it to the learner, 
is through the medium of the sounds of the langu- 
age which he already in some measure is acquaint- 

ed with; and pursuant to this principle, our con- 
sonant and vowel examples are mostly given in 
idential German, English and French etymologic 
key words. As our Alphabet embrases the most 


common sounds of all languages, the learner must 


: 4890395 


of needs train his tongue and ear to utter and Jist- 
in guish peculiarities of pronounciation which ap- 
pear difficult at first but a little practice makes 


these familar to the speaker. 


As the Roman Alphabet of twenty-six letters 
is wanting of about one hundred sound characters 
to represent the sound mutation of modern langu- 
ages, this deficiency necessitated the devising of 
new letters and the making of new types suitable 
to the needs of modern writing and printing, The ‘ 
author has aimed to keep each new character simple 
and distinct from each other, so that they will com- 
pare favorably with any of the old alphabets. The 
additional new letters enable us to form millions 
of one, two and three syllabic new words and mean- 
ings. It is hoped that this alphabet will receive 
the proper appreciation, and that with slight im- 
provements it may be introduced in the various 


institutes of learning for the benefit of all the 


people. 
THEA DP HOT: 


Chicago, in January 1922. 


THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER 
ALPHABET. 


The Alphabet, that is, the cipher, sound or 
word house, forms the elements of written speech. 
Etymology traces out the original word, its 
sound mutations and letter changes. The etymo- 
logie cipher alphabet has for its aim the preserva- 
tion of the root words, the preservation of their 
sound mutations and the preservation of letter 
orthography. 

The letters in all languages represent either 
vowels, consonants or diphthongs. Vowels are 
such letters that can be sounded alone as syllables. 
Consonants are such letters which cannot be ut- 
tered without a vowel. Diphthongs are two vow- 
els or consonants that form one syllable. 

The alphabet is an inheritance from our father 
- Noah, when the whole earth was oneness of wisdom 
and unity of speech, This oneness of wisdom and 
unity and speech still exists in the alphabet and 
word identity over the whole earth. The words 
of the diverse alphabets are still identical with 
each other, except some slight sound mutations. 
There are twenty-two letters in the ancient semitic 
alphabet, nearly every one of them is subject to 


6 THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 


two or more sound mutations found in modern 
Kuropean and Oriental words. Moreover, the 
common alphabets have not nearly symbols enough 
for the numerous sounds of modern languages. 
The German and French languages distinguish 
only 20 simple consonants, the English 22, the 
Romanic nations have even less consonants in com- 
mon use. It is evident that these alphabets are 
not sufficiently extensive to represent the sounds 
of the Asiatic languages, among which the Arabic 
distinguishes and represents 28 consonants, the 
Turkish 33, the Sanskrit 34, the Hindustani 35, 
or, including the aspirates, even 47, and the Tai or 
Siamese alphabet distinguishes and represents 44 
consonants, 
In order to learn the sounds or first elements 

of any language or of word and song phonetics, 
we must have uniform symbols to represent them. 
But since the orthographies of European languages 
written with Roman or Gothic letters vary con- 
siderable in the pronounciation of the same letter, 
as for example c stands for k, z, q, tz, tsh, th, gh; 

j stands for y, x, zh, dsh; 

g stands for g, j, dj, dsch. 

sh stands for ch, se, sch; 

ch stands for j, x, kh, tech, ch. v; 

b stands for b, bh, v, w. wh, p, ph, f, 


etc, 


THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET ‘ 


These deticiencies and inconsistencies of the 
old alphabet must be met with by new letters and 
methods. Our modern numbers are slight modi- 
fications of the ancient first nine semitic letters. 
On this account we have adopted them to stand 
for their original consonant value, Kach of these 
letters may be inverted, and thus represent a sound 
mutation of the same letter, This principle is con- 
tinued with every succeeding consonant letter 
adopted for our alphabet that can be used in this 
twofold manner. By this method we are enabled 
to represent with thirty characters sixty consonant 
varieties in common use. 

In the semitic and other ancient languages, 
there are five or six primary vowel symbols, nearly 
every one of these vowels is the ground vowel of 
two or more modern sound mutations. But as our 
alphabet distinguishes only the five or stx primary 
vowels, we have to add new vowel characters to 
indicate the new sounds and sound modification, 
Kvery primary vowel sound and its mutation may 
be sounded short and long. ‘The simple vowel 
letter represents the short or unaccented sound, 
the circumflex accent above a vowel letter denotes 
the long or accented sound of that letter. The se- 
condary sound mutation or umlaut is indicated by 
inverting the vowel letter from which it is derived. 
In this manner, we are enabled to distinguish by 


8 THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 


definite characters the most common primary and 
secondary vowel sounds and consonants found in 
diverse modern languages and dialects, so that the 
teacher and learner is enabled to study and explain 
by this alphabet the sounds of the human voice 
that should be known by all. 

It will be necessary to understand the genius 
of etymologi ic sound mutations, that certain letters 
of the ancient japhetic and semitic alphabets have 
several uses and are differently pronounced, so as 
to give to the words formed oral distinction and 
meaning. ‘Thus for instance y ayin is used as y 
in yard, as g in garden, as h in hortus, as w in war, 
as wh in whine, as v in van, von, as gh in ghost, as 
f in enough-f, as n in seven, as ng in song, as gn, 
kn in knosp, as r, rg in swear. In the middle of 
words it is also pronounced as, a, au, 0, é, y, Ow, 
we, oe, al,etc. It will be observed that this singular 
letter is indeed a sound servant letter in its ancient 
application as well as to its position in any root 
word. These and similar examples of letter and 
sound changes will enable the reader to under- 
stand the cause of various modes of writing, pro- 
nouncing and spelling of the same words in differ- 
ent modern languages and dialect. 


—_—__<-<>—__—_—_ 


THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 9 


The Consonant Sounds. 


ie? ND; 

The cipher 7 stands for the aliph-hamza, the 
first semitic consonant and number. It marks a 
slight outbreathing movement of the vocal organs 
before the utterance of the vowel, which the Greeks 
represent in writing by the spiritus lenis, the 
English and French by the silent h, as in the 
words; Latin, hora; English, hour; French, heure; 
Hebrew, lor; Latin, hiob; Arabic, lotel; E., hotel. 


31 p84, Vv, w, hv, wh. 


The cipher 7 inverted », represents the aliph- 
vaw sound mutation, a soft aspirated v, w, hv, and 
wh, as in the words: Latin, vallus: English, wall; 
Heb., lith; E., with; H., led; E., wet; H., laser; 


Ger., waser. 


16 #y,h. \ 


The letter 4 stands for the ayin hamza, the 
spiritus asper sound of Semitic Greek words. It is 
a gutteral aspirate formed in the lower part of the 
throat, commonly written with h, as in homo, heli, 
hyder, heute, hortus, honey, hum, harn. 


10 THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 


AO 5 Ys 

The letter 4 inverted y¥, marks the ayin yod 
sound mutation, It is deeper and harder sounded 
than j, as in semitic words; yarn, yawn, yelp, 
yellow, yearn, yester. 


2 23, b, p. 
The cipher 2 stands for the soft sound of b, 


the second semitic consonant and number, as in 
the words: beth, booth, babel, beg, berit. 


32 73. bhibys 
The cipher 2 inverted ¢, marks the sound 


mutation of b into bh, bv, ph, pf aspirates, as in- 


the words bond, Ger. pfand; Sansk. bhone; Gr. 
phone; Sansk. bhoto; Gr. photo. 


17 PB, p. 

The lower case letter p slightly modified 
represents the hard p sound, the seventeenth sem- 
itic consonant and number, sounded like p in 


pepper, papa, pen. 


47 4, p’h, pf. | 

The letter p inverted ¢, stands for the aspirat- 
ed sound of p, p’h, as in loop’hole; Beng. p’heather 
feather; p’halai, p’halguna, E. pound; Ger. pfund; 
Heb. perd; Ger. pferd; E. path; Ger. pfad. 


a 


THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET LJ 


9g a, Bs 9 

The cipher 3 or Irish letter 3-g, represents 
the third semitic consonant and number, as in the 
words: goal, gable, cathol, camel, gover. 


33 £3, g, ge. gi, dge. 
The cipher 3 inverted €, marks the sound 
mutation of g into gi, ge, dge and dsh, as in geo, 


gem, gin, algebra. 


18 ¥ P, q, ¢, g, gg, k, ck. 

The Armenian letter 4, a slightly modified q, 
stands for the hard guttural g or q sound formed 
in the throat by the pressure of the root of the 
tongue against the throat, as in the semitic words 
dagger, tilge; Sansk, qater; Fr. quatre; Eng. 


quarter. 


48 h DP, dsh, 9sh. 

The letter 4 inverted 9, marks the sound mut- 
ation of q into tzhh, dshh, as in the Amharic word 
qalama; EK. calm; H. qathan; Hind. qathana, 

4 ad‘, d, dh, t, th, ds, dz, z. 

The letter d corresponds with the fourth sem- 
itic consonant and number, as in the words deal, 
did, lid, yield, dress, deed. 

34 p ‘3, dh, th, ds, dz, d, t, z. 

The letter d inverted p, marks the aspirate 


iZ THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 


sound of d, dh, as in the English words this, thine; 
Sansk. dhey, dhale, dheal, dhome. 


19 @ Jy, th. 
The small letter £ corresponds with t in the 
words little, tattle, letter, hat, fat, trifle, 


49 4, th. 

The letter £ inverted 7, represents the aspirate 
sound of t, th, as in the words they, thine, with, 
things. 


5-577, hog. k, 0; chi 

The cipher § slightly modified, stands for the 
fifth semitic consonant and number, sounded as h 
in the words habel, have, hat, hush, hand. 


BD..G Meee tckeg on 

The letter § inverted g, marks the sound mut- 
ation of h into a soft breathed g, as in the hiphel 
forms of the Hebrew verb in German words, thus: 
gekommen, gegangen, gesagt, gethan. H. hebe; 
G. gebe, gabe; KE. give, gift. 


20 4m, h, bh, gh, chh. 

The character # represents the semitic gut- 
tural hh sound, much akin to hin haul, only the 
aspiration is stronger and formed deeper in the 
throat, as in the oriental words ham, helm; Ger. 
hehlen; Bengal. chhelen. 


THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 13 


50 gn, gh, ch. 

The letter # inverted g, indicates the sound 
mutation of hh into the aspirate gutteral ch, gh, as 
in the German English words: tochter, daughter; 
dachte, thought; teich, dough, 


6 6 yw, s’h, sch, sg, sk. 

The cipher 6 represents the ancient sixth 
semitic consonant and number. Its sound is that 
of s’h, sch, sg, sk, pronounced by bringing the tip 
of the tongue to the roof of the mouth, as in Pus’h- 
to, sgum, schaum, skum, skull, shell, 


36 9 w, gz, ks, chs, hs, 

The cipher 6 inverted g, stands for the sound 
mutation of x, chs, as in six, sechs, L. rixa; Chin- 
ese hs in hsu, 


21-3 w..s, sh. 
The script letter f marks the ssound as in 
the words sir, sarah, season, susan, dress. 


51 we, sh, sch, 

The letter f inverted ¢, indicates the sound 
mutation of s into sch, sh in the words shall, dash, 
she; Ger, scheide, schelm, schoen, schier, 

27 7,3 Z, 8. 


The cipher 7 represents the seventh semitic 


14 THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 


consonant and number, sounded like the soft hissed 
z, 8 in the words zone, zeal, fizz, prosa, these, buzz. 

St bY Yezh-ze 38. 

The cipher 7 inverted 4, marks the soft aspir- 
ate sound of z,s, zh, as in azure, pleasure; Pers. 
zhazh, zhala, zhinda, dizham. 

24 71, dz, ds. 

The letter 3 stands for the z or dz, ds sound, 
as in the German word ziiber, Syr. zaber; Bengal 
zaber; Ital. zona, zero, rozzo, mezzo. 


52 £3, dz’h, zh. 

The letter % inverted 4, represents the aspirate 
sound of dz’h, dzh, as in the Hindu words dz’hala, 
dz’hok, dz’hilacdila-tory. 

8 2 3, bh. 

The character d stands for the soft aspirated 
bh, v, f, as in the words live, self, selves, calf, 
calves, love, folk, Volk, Vater, father. 

SOep ial, 

The letter d inverted p, stands for the sound 
mutation of bh, w, wh, hv, as in white, weiss, hvitt. 


23 £m, ph, f. 


The character / represents the sound mutation 


THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 15 


of p into ph or f, as in the words fowl, fattach, 
fittig, farre, fall, forth. 


53 7B, fh, phh. 


The letter £ inverted 7, marks the sound mut- 
ation of the aspirsted fh, as in the Gaelic words 
fhasan, fhill, fhuaimrag. 


9 2, d, t, tt, th. 


The Hindu cipher ? stands for the ninth sem- 
itic consonant and number. It is sounded by 
bringing the tip of the tongue backward and up- 
ward nearly to the palate or dome of the mouth, as 
t, Din the Bengal words, talk, tank, tipper, toll. 


39 ¢ 0, dh, d’ th. 

The letter ? inverted 4, represents the aspirate 
sound of ? as in the words penthouse, thick, Syr, 
thaler, dollar, loth; Ger. léthen. 


24 33, tz, ts. 

The German letter 3 corresponds with the 
semitic ts sound, uttered by applying the tip of the 
tongue to the roof of the mouth, as in the German 
words 3unge, 3oll; K. switser, wits, 

54 € ¥, tz’h, ash, tssh. 


The letter 3 inverted £, marks the aspirate 
sound of 3sh, tssh, found in many languages. 


16 THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 


10 4%, J, y: 

The letter 7 corresponds with the semitic 
aliph-jod sound mutation, as in the H. Lat. words: 
jom, jad, jar; Ger. Eng. year, jura, jona, jasher, — 
yield. 

40 #%,j, dzh, dsh. 


The letter 4 inverted #, marks the sound mut- 
ation of aliph-jod, sounded like dzh,as in the Eng, 
words: joke, jingle, jump, jam, junk, job. 

25 Cy, g, gh, ¢. | 

The character ( represents the ayin gh or ghain | 
sound, a soft aspirated gh, corresponding to the 
English gh in loghouse, ghost, logos; Ger. garn, 
gestern, gelb; Lat. cum. 

55 2 Y, V, w, wh, hw. 

The letter © inverted 7, stands for the ayin 


waw sound mutation, as in the words: whine, 
wharf, war, wehr, van, von. 


11% 5,keok 


The small script letter & corresponds with the 
k sound in keep, kid, speak, keen. 


41 ¥ 5, ch, tch. 

The letter & inverted y, marks the sound mut- 
ation of k into ch, tech, as in the words chart, 
cherub, chew, chest, church, watch, 


THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 17 


26 3, 4. kh, ch. 
The Coptic letter chei represents the hard 

guttural kh, ch sound, as in the Scotch-German 

word loch; Ger, dach, wache, sache, buch, ach, 


56 4 5, chh, ch. 

The letter 4 inverted 4, stands for the sound 
mutation of kh into the aspirated ch-h sound, 
which may be expressed by the English chh in the 
word whichhorse, chheat, chhink, chhints, 


ae Soe 
, The script letter € corresponds with the ] sound 


in bull, lilly, lally, hfe, long. 
42 7 5, Ih, gli, I. 


The letter @ inverted 7, marks the sound mut- 
ation of | into lh. In the articulation of this sound 
the middle of the tongue is more raised than in 


that of 1. 


Siete, Th. 

_ The lower case letter 7 a slightly modified r re- 
presents the sound of r as in the words ray, ram, 
_more, rush, rule. 

57 ty, rh, gr, hr. 

The letter 7 inverted J, stands for the guttural 
_ sound of groryr, as in the word groom, bride- 
groom, L. homo; E. gum; Fr, razzia, grazzia; Ar. 


gazah ; 


18 THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 


1374 Dem: 
The character A corresponds with the m sound 
in the words mamma, mien, mine, meet. 


43 y#, mm, mb. 

The letter #1 inverted #, marks the sound mut- 
ation of mm, mb, as in the H. num; EK. numb; G. 
kamm; EH. comb; G. nummer; EK. number; E. lamb, 
G. lamm, kammer; EK. chamber; G. stumm; EK. dumb, 


44 +, mm, mp. 

The character @ represents the hard labial 
mm, mp sound, as in the words G. Schwamm; KH. 
swamp; G.schlamm; K. slump; Ar.lammo; L. lumen; 


K. G, lamp. 


58 % 9, mp, mpf. 

The letter ¢ inverted 9, stands for the sound 
mutation of mp into mpf, as in the words KE. shame; 
G. schimpf; E. sump; G. sumpf; EK. trump; G. 
trumpf; E. rump; G. rumpf. 

14 73, 0. 

The small letter 7 slightly modified corres- 


ponds with the n as sounded in now, noon, name, 
then, lent, hand, 


29 & y, nh, n. 
The letter 7 inverted (1, represents the nasa] 
dome sound of n, produced by pressing the tongue 


THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 19) 
against the back of the upper teeth while n is 
sounded as in Beng. nas; EK. nose; Beng. nad; G. 
neid., 


59 } y, ng. 
The character y) marks the small sound of ng 
as in the words lingua, langue, language, song, 


sing, sang, 


48 t&, gn, kn. 


The letter 9 inverted %, represents the sound 
mutation of gn, kn, as in the words H. gnosb, 
knosp, gnudo, regner, dignus, deign. 


15 G ai B Zy Cs J: 

The Gothic letter G, stands for the semitic sz 
sound as in Fr, cipher; Ger. ziffer, seraph, simile, 
case, soiled, zeit, 


45 5b, szh, ¢, sh. 


The letter g inverted 5, marks the sound mut- 
ation of ¢ into szh, as in Sansk. Kaszha; Russ, 
chasha; Fr. facon; KE. fashion, 


30 70 wn, st. 


The character / represents the sound mutation 
of s ortinto st. Thus, H. sub; Ger. stube; Ar. 
taude; Ger. staude; Ar. tab; E. stave; Ger. stab; 
Fr. féte; Ger. fest, 


20 THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 


60 7D wh, sht, shch. 

The letter { inverted 7, stands for the sound 
mutation of st into sht, as in the German words 
stube-shtube, stall-shtall, steuer-shteuer. 


eh 


Semitic Word Examples. 


spbs. Jatdd ma at 247 53 zadet 
S113 gapat gazot 955 drop sin Sayed 


1 pan pap m7éyzede son gata geat 
3 702 pany juny m3 kene 

ma> tipe Cede un datép Nd qade 

DD Giger Ty 207k oy fano 

oy cunt MDD pegah MYp Yate 


Ss 307 pire yeue osm tad zon 


THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 2 


The Vowel Sounds. 


The ground vowels, their derivations and 
diphthongs are best examplified by the vocal syllab- 
ary of the Ktymologic Alphabet. These vowels are 
devided into seven or rather eight orders, and com- 
bined with each other, produce sixty-four different 
vocal modifications to which any primary vocal 
sound combination or derivation of any language 
or dialect may be refered to for identification, 


ewe oo Bie) a: 4 fhe 
Nad Sa ME WO Hr MW yo 
8 dd da dé all A@ Ar at ao 
S aa aa aE atl AW at at ad 
a. cu 2a €&6 Cl £W 64 Et E0 
5 td tla UE UW UO UA Ut UO 
\ @A @a @E Gl @@ @1 @1 GO 
NM Aa Aa XE Al AD AA AL AO 
340 44 1&8 1610 14 11 10 
Y Oa Oa OE Ol OW OA Ct OO 
N a, a base, 
a, short, as a in Ital. matto, Fr. chatte. 
a, short, as a in ask, grass, gasp, staff, farther, 
d, long, as a in father, arm, palm; It. mano. 
Change of a 4 into v p. 
pv, short, as a in plaid, bade. 
p, long, as a in fate, ale, chamber, pray, 


22 THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 


S da, a base. 


a, short, as a in Ger. Mann; Fr, matelas. 
d, long, as a in Ger. mahnen. Fahne. 
| Change of a d into ii: p. 
p, Short, as i in Ger. Miinner, Kiilter, Wiilder. 
p, long, as ti in Ger, Viiter, wiihlen, Fiiden. 
NS} a. a base. 
a, short, as a in what, wander, want. 
a, short, as a in (zerman Jewish schavvass. 
a. long, as a in all, call, tall, talk, swarm. 
, long, as a in Ger. mal, schwab (dialect), 
Change of a 4 into 8 B. 
B, short, oe a in Danish and Norse. 
'B, long, as oe in Danish, Norse; and Swed. oede. 
v, long, as ea in earth, earn, learn. 


a4 base. 
a, short, as a in man, fat, flag, catch, marry. 
a, short, as e in Ger. berg, werg, jwerg (dialect). 
4, long, as a in bath, shall, have. 

Change of a 4 into v g 

v, short, as e a in men, any and many. 
p, short, as é in Fr, pére, mére, frére, léche. 
v, long, as a in care, fare, mare, pare. 


m € &, base. 


€, short, as e in get, met, fetch, pet, red, wet. 
€, short, as in Ger, elle, Kelle, Gabe, fest (hard). 


—_— 


n, 
n, 
y, 
n, 


@, 
@, 
@, 
0, 
@, 


0, 


, 


THE ETYMOTOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 2G 
long, as e in they, eight, Fr. dé, été, épée. 
long, as e in Ger. rede, seele, Klee, see. 

Change of € € into 2 3. Russ 2. 
short, as e in Russ. ethic, epos, era, epoch. 
short, as e in ent, rent, lent, hell, well. 
long, as e in Ger. lehre, hehr, ehre, wehr, 


5 ul, ti base. 


short, as u in pull, push, bull, put, full. 
short, as in Ger. Mutter, Fluss, Busvh, Kuss. 
long, as u in crude, truth, rude, rural, 


. long, as u in Ger. gut, bluth, stuhl, schule. 


Change of « @ into ti, n n. 
short, as ti in Ger. Miitter, Fliisse, Biische, K tisse. 
short, as u in Fr. but, sur. 
long, as ti in Ger. Giiter, Bliite, Sttihle, Schitler. 
long, a fi in Fr. stir, fiimes. 


5@, @ base. 


short, as o in roll, toll, whole, sword, none, 
short, as o in Ger. Gott, Volk, fromm, zoll. 
long, as o in note, mode, sole, more, borne. 
Jong, as o in Ger. sohn, noth, hoch, wohl. 
long, as 6 in Fr. cone. 

Change @ @ into 6, 0 9. 
short. as 6 in Ger. Gotter, Vilker, frobmmer, 
Zolle. 


short, as Gin Sw. bppna, 6fver, Ofre. 


24 THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 


@, long, as 6 in Ger. Séhne, Nithen, héher, wohler. 
@, long, as eu in Fr. peu, deux, seul, feu. - 


5 é é base, 
é, short, as in Fr. mes, des, ses, ces, les. 
é, short, as e in rest, best; Ger, Fest, nest. 
é, long, as é in Fr, téte, béte, féte; Gr. kétos. 
é, long, as ed in bear, wear, pear, tear. 
Change @ é into @ @. 
a, short, as in fern, kern, merry; Fr. me, de, le. 
2, short, as i in virgin, irksome, dirt, 
2, long, as ea in dearth, 


’ 4 7 base. 


{, short, as i in pit, fish, bill, fin, live. 

i, short, as iin Ger, bin, milch, fisch, ich. 

i, long, as 7 in Fr. cime, abime, agit. 

i, long, as i in machine, marine, police. 
Change of i # into 7 7. 

, Short, as 1 in wild, sight, kind, idea. 

}, long, as 1 in mile, fine, wine, file. 

1, long, as ei in Ger. meile, wein, fein, feile. 


SN a @ base. 


a, short, as ou in our, hour, out, bout, shout. 

d, long, long, as au, ou in haus, house maus, mouse. 
Chan ge of @ d into » p. 

», short, as eu in Fr. heure. 

y, long, as iu in Ger. hiiuser, miuse. liiuse. 


THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 20 


5 .a 4 base. 


a, short, as oi in Ital, noi, voi; K. boister. 

d, long, as oi, oy in moist, boil, join, void, boy. 
Change 2 4 oi oy into v p. 

v, short, as y in Boh. hory. 

p, long, as y in Boh. tchesky; Russ, my, ty, vy. 


mz base. 


1, short, as 7) in Greek 1to. 

i, long, as 7 in Greek or a in made, Isaaq. 
Change of 1 7% into x 4, 

r, short, as ié in Russ. diéti. 

py, long, as eu in feudal. 


y 2 J base. 
2, short, as iin Turk ‘ill; E. ill, 


2, long, as iin Turk. ilev, elev-ation. 
Change of 2 2 into 2 2. 
7, short, as e in Turk, ind-end. L. zgre. 
2, long, as ai in ailment, ether, etas; Ger. eid. 


yp + # base. 


#, short, as ou in poultry, ow in fowl. 
f, long, ou, ow in howl, owl, bow. 
Change # # ou ow into ¥ ¥. 
4. short as. 
g. long, as eu in Ger. heulen, eule, beugen 


26 THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 


» o 6 base. 


0, short, as oin odd, for, not, hot. 
6 long aso in oath form. stork. 

3 5) f ’ ’ 
0 long as o in Fr. vote. cor. 

3 3 é a 

Change of 0 6 into 9 9. 

0, short, as u in but, Op, cunnlgg, Urge; does. 
a, short, as 6 or oe in Danish and Norse. 
0 
re) 


, long, as eu oeu in Fr. beurre, coeur, ceuf. 


, long, as oe in Swedish cede. 

The ancient nasalization of vowels have mostly 
been turned into n in modern pronounciation, but 
where they still exist, nasalization may be indicat- 
ed by an inverted apostrophe placed after the 
vowel, as is the case with polish nasal vowels; 
thus 4@1, uo, y.. 


THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 27 


A New Arithmetic System. 


The letters of this Alphabet may be used for 
both Arithmetic and Algebra. Algebra is usually 
defined as generalized Arithmetic. In arithmetic 
every number or consonant represents a definite 
value, In algebra the vowels of the alphabet may 
be used to represent numbers, A letter can represent 
any number whatever, provided its value does not 
change during a particular range of operation. 

One of the most ancient methods of comput- 
ation is the sixty-unite. It is of ante-diluvian ori- 
gin. We still use it in the computation of time 
by counting sixty seconds to one minute, and sixty 
minutes to one hour. The Hindu, Chinese and 
other ancient nations still compute time by periods 
of sixty days, and by cycles of sixty years. 

The letters of ancient alphabets are also used 
for numerals. We likewise use the consonants of 
our alphabet as numerals in nearly the same sem- 
itic order and analogy, by counting from one to 
sixty, instead from one to ten, The tens, or rather 


the sixties are expressed by sixty times sixty — 


28 THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 


3600, The hundredths or rather sixty times 3600 
equal to 216000. The thousands or rather sixty 
times 216000 equal to 13960000. The consonants 


serve as numerals, and the vowel added to each 


consonant gives the name of the consonant, and 
the name of the number. 

In the table given below, the first set of rows 
presents the numerals from one to sixty in common 
ciphers, the second row gives the corresponding 
numeral with our consonant letters, and in the third 
row the consonant and vowel constitute the name 
and number of each letter. 

The second set of rows presents the corres- 
ponding numbers from 61 to 120. And the third 
set of rows gives the first number of the sixty 
sixties from one to 8600. Each number of this set 
consists of two syllables. 

In the fourth set of rows is given the corres-— 
ponding first numbers of each unite of 8600 up to— 
216000. Each number of this unite consists of 
three syllables, From 216000 on, each number is 
to be expressed by four syllables, in the same 


manner as in the preceeding numbers up to 


13960000. 


Rw RS ORS AO WN GQ BS SSW SOSH BS BS W®, WBA DAG RY LH 


Nr BWV Sapte de tay sat 


ROHS & 


THE BETYMOLOGIC CIPHER 


nt 


> 
R 


S FS SOD 
X PROM & 


“2 0 8 


is) 


a4 
29 
23 
Qd 
Q5 
26 
17 
2d 


Name. 
Qila 
QiQi 
21 3a 


Qida - 


QidE 
Qibu 
21 7@ 
Qida 
Qt dea 


| Qi gn 
» Qika 


dito 
dina 
Lint 
2iGga 
Liha 
dt pe 
Qiqu 
Lita 
Liha 
Lita 
215% 
Qt fa 
2130 
dita 
Qtht 
Lira 
dita 
QE 
dt fu 
211 @ 
liga 


ALPHABET 


No. 


1 
3601 
7201 

10801 
14401 
18001 


21601 7 


25201 
28801 
32401 
36001 
39601 


43201 | 


46801 
50401 
54001 
57601 
61201 
64801 
68401 
72001 
75601 
79201 
82801 
86401 
90001 
93601 
97201 
100801 
104401 
108001 
112601 


29 


30 THE ETYMOLOGIC CIPHER ALPHABET 


33 £ fa 893 2b Qita 
34 p pr 94 Ap Xipr 
35 G ga 95 dG diga 
36 9 gc §=—96 AQ Qigv 
37 L La OT 2b dila 
38 F Ft 98 Ap Lift 
39 4 ga 99 Qe diya 
40 # fa 100 Q¢ Qita 
41 ¥ yé 101 dy diye 
42 7 pu 102 27 Linu 
43 # w@ 103 Qn Lipo 
44 la 104 2k ila 
45 5 5a 105 25 2ida 
46 ¥ ¥% 106 27 di7zA 
47 ¢ da 107 2 ida 


48 h ho 108 2h iho 
49 4 za 109 23 2iza 
50 g gt 110 2q igi 


Bice pa 111 Qe" Riga 
52 4 4a 112 2 difLa 
53 7 fe 113 Q ize 
§4-2000-114 224 Ritu 
55°72 9@ 115 24 220 
56 ¥ fa 116 2h Qifa 
57 At lao lle et ila 
58 2 9% 118 29 Qigr 
59 & fa 119 2h 2ika 
60 7 Jo 120 2) 2ifo 


Swe 


1921 
1981 
2041 
2101 
2161 
2221 
2281 
2341 
2401 
2461 
2521 
2581 
2641 
2701 
2761 
2821 
2881 
2941 
3001 
3061 
3121 
3181 
3241 
3301 
3361 
3421 
3481 
3041 


116201 
119801 
122401 
126001 
129601 
133201 
136801 


140401 


144001 
147601 


151201 7 


154801 
158401 
162001 
165601 
169201 
172801 
176401 
180001 
183601 
187201 
190801 
194401 
198001 
201601 


205201 2 


208801 
216000