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I 







THE HISTOEY OF THE ! 

BARK OF I 

DER WEKTWA TER. 

His Life, Adventures, Trial and Execution. — His De- 
fence when on his Trial in the House of Lords, and 
his Speech to the People from the Scaffold previous 
to his Execut'on.— Several interesting Part^'culars of 
his Death and Burial— his Associates Lady Dervvent- 
water, and Dilston Castle. 





1 ^Qy^on 



bnii ^Qt^\ ^^nul lo fliW o'^t ff"* mod 8bv/ .-r^l^^v 
ban eoJBiao ■ f)yhf 

HISTOKY CW THE , , 



Tl^U^; memory oF this arpiable noMeman continues 
tot)eliijg'Hlj reviefred in the north ofEnglajtid, and 
numerous instances of his aflSbUity aticl bepefijcence 
continues to be Telated wjtb feelings of $vmj)athy 
anid regret. &e was formed toy nature to1)e gene- 
raB^ bdloved for his ben^ficien^e^ w so universal 
that he seemed to live for others. He almost con- 
stantly resided at Diktctn, neaT Corbridp^e, i^vhere 
he spent his ample mcome,'mid employ ed Ws^ 
in aischarging offices x)f kindness and cbarity. 
The generous and splendid hospitality of his house 
wars unequalled, ^rs his door and purse were con- 
tbiuaHy open to every one, whedrer neighbour or 
stmngeT, without regard to their pdlftical or reli- 
g«3us sentfeireitts. ms death was followed by the 
rurn of one of the mpi^ flourishing fkiniKes in the 
north vi En^anid. A rcfkti'on of t?he circum^tanrces 
th-at pretreded the ruin 6f the noble and antiient 
houae of Derwentwater, mtrst %ei«teresting to the 
retiijer. Many other iigspect^bie faitiilies fell "at 
thet sattie time, anfl ^aucefl vtjry important 
changes^ thewutitty. 



4 



JAMES RATCLIFFE, third earl of Derwent- 
water, was born on the 28th of June, 1689, and 
succeeded to his father's immense estates and 
wealth, when in his 15th year. He was revered 
by the poor as well as the rich, for his affability' was 
such, that the poorest peasant received as kind a 
greeting from him, as the richest of his acquain- 
tance. He was well made, '^and of a mild and 
pleasing countenance. He married Anna Maria, 
eldest daughter of Sir John Webb, of Canford, 
county of Dorset, and they lived the most happy 
and comfortable lives imaginable, until movements 
were observed indicating a meditated insurrection 
against the Hanoverian succession, in various 
parts of the country. The ministers resolved to 
secure the persons of all those known to be the 
least disaffected. Accordingly messengers were 
dispatched to apprehend the Earl of Derwent water, 
and Thomas Forster, Esq., M.P.,for Northumber- 
land ; but having timely intinnation of it, the Earl 
unwillingly retired from his domestic comfort, to 
a neighbourning cottage, inhabited by a humble 
but faithful retainer of the family, Cuthbert S win- 
burn. 

Mr Forster also left his dwelling, and after 
wandering to several places, came to the house of 
Mr Fenwick, of By well, where those in pursuit 
got scent of him, and he narrowly escaped being 
taken. The case of the whole of the Northumber- 
land gentlemen now became desperate, as no one 
considered himself safe from being arrested, and 
resolved immediately to appear in arms. 

Pursuant to this resolution, the next morning, 
October 6, 1715, at a place called Greenrig, Mr 
Forster with abont twenty gentlemen, met at the 



rendezvous. On this morning the Earl of Der- 
wentwater went secretly into his castle at Dilston, 
to enjoy a stolen enterview with his wife and 
child, when intelligence was brought to him of the 
gathering of the Waterfalls. His wife immediately 
said, " you cannot continue with honour, Earl of 
Derwenlwater, hiding your head in hovels from 
the light of day, and the Northumbrian gentlemen 
up in arms for the good cause of King Charles." 
** Neither will I,'' said the Earl, and immediately 
ordered every male in and about the castle to 
arms ; and every horse was put in requisition even 
the coach horses were saddled and bridled on this 
occasion. They mustered in the yard, formed, 
drew their swords, and led by the Earl, gallopped 
to the rendezvous, where they met Mr Forster, 
and, after a short consultation, they marched to 
Plainfield, where they were joined by others, and 
then proceeded to Rothbury. On Sunday morn- 
ing Mr Forster sent Mr Buxton, their chaplain, to 
Mr Ion, the minister of the parish of Warkworth, 
with orders for him "to pray for the pretender as 
King, and in the litany for Mary Queen Mother, 
and all the dutiful branches of the royal family 
whichMr Ion declining,Mr Buxton took possession 
6f the church, read prayers and preached. In the 
meanwhile, Mr Ion went to Newcastle to acquaint 
, the government with what had happened. Here 
\ Mr Forster proclaimed Charles Stuart as king of 
I Great Britain, &c. On the 10th they marched to 
Morpeth, having been joined at Felton Bridge by 
I several Scotch gentlemen from the borders. They 
were now 300 strong, all horse ; and they gave 
the poor people hopes of being soon furnished 
with arms and ammunition. 



The Nortliuaobrians, accor^ngfto PMteja^^w'^xe 
divided into troops. Hie first Iropjp.waslhe.Earl 
i6f Derwentwater's, and was conimanded fcy Kis 
brother, Charles Ratcliffe, Es/|^.,:arndCaptrain John 
Shaftoe. Tlie secGfid tiK)op w^s Lci'd Widdrjogr 
ton's, commanded by Tli©mas ELrringtan^JEsq^V of 
Bearfront. The third troop ^vias' com madded by 
Captain John Hunger, .<Df -North liadaJe, Mr 
Forster, beingva protestam, was li'om policy,, ^apft i 
pointed General, He marcfed . forw^md withri^n 
iliteiation of surprising Newcastle : but iindiag,tlie 
gates shat and a show ofde fence, lie turi)ed.towaj:ds j 
fJexham, where he was reinforced by another 
party of Scotch horsemen. Here he halted three 
days, collecting arms^ and horses to moumt the 
volunteers, who flocked from all quarters. Oii 
the night before his departure, Prinoe Charles was 
proclaimed in the Market Place. Mr. -F^xstef 
had sent an express to Lord Viscownrt Kennmre^ 
who was in arms in the west.of Scotland^, inviting 
him to enter Northumtbeirland. His X<ordsfiip 
agreed to the proposal, and immediately marcked, I 
to Rothbury. On the 19th of October, Mr Forsfc^ j 
left Hexham, and joined him at Rothbury that , 
nrght. Next morning the whjole body mardied ta I 
Wooller, on their way to Kelso^ to join theHighT^ 
landers, who w^er6 advancing, under Mackintosiw 
The Highlanders ^entered that town on the 22b4 
of October, and the Nortl^umberlandand N ithadaiff 
hoiSjfe arrived the same evejiing. On the 2Stl^ 
liieutenaat-genei>al Carpenter set out from^NeWi^' 
Castk, with Hotham's regiment of foot,, a-ad tlire^i. 
regiments of dragoons, ^arid on tb'e foil owl ogd^ 
arrived at Wooller, iutending to attack Kelso infijl 
mediately. Lord ICenmure hear in]g of his' 



7 

pi*esscd'- ti*efirt earnestlj^ to join the clans in tlie^. 
west dfScolkrrtl^bUJt the irifattiated NorthumbrMns 
opposed this opinion. It was next proposed to 
attsic^k GanerM Carpenter while his troops were 
fetr and "weaty ; this advice was also rejected, on 
wMch they broke •ap f^otn Kelso, and marched 
to J&dburgh. At HaWidk Moor the Highlanders 
mi!rtmei3, and ^okitiv^y fefdsed to enter England. 
D6t^?ftg tWe dripme tMy Were surrounded by the 
horse, in brd^r to compel them to uiarch forward : 
but rtie ritghlahders cocked their firelocks, saying, 
"ir#ey w^re to be sacrifised, it should be in their 
own tbiu^ti^y.'' A false alarm was given during 
the^ iVi^t, to try the Highlanders, who flew to 
ariirisv attd formed in good order. 

M^xt da^ the whole army marched to Langholm, 
intending to attack Dumfries, the key of the 
west, and which was in a very defenceless slate ; 
buft a d^lS^rence of opinion also frustrated this 
rational scheme and the Northumberland gentlemen 
in^sted upon marching to Lancashire, where tl4ey 
affirmed 20,000 men would instantly join them. 
Tl^s induced about 500 Highlanders to retire to 
the .mo.untains in disgust; the rest with great 
difficulty, was kept together. 

Haviijg entered England, they marched to 
Bi;a4pptQn, where M. Frost, by virtue of his com- 
missiojii to act as General, south of the Tweed, 
topkt upon himself the command. On approach- 
ing Penrith, the^y discovered the whole posse of 
Cumberland, amountii^g to 1^,000 men, with the 
SUeriff,Xord Lonsdale, a»d the Bishop of Carlisle, 
dr^wn out to oppoge them ; but on the appearance 
of General Forster and his followers, they all dis^ 



persed, leaving several horses and arms on the 
field. Next day, General Forster marched to 
Kendal ; and, on the 9th of November, entered 
Lancaster, where he seized six pieces of cannon. 
At Preston, a regiment of mihtia and Stanhop's 
regiment of dragoons, fled on his approach. 
Here he was reinforced by several gentlemen and 
their followers, and it was resolved, next day, to 
enter Manchester, seize Warrington-bridge, and 
thus open a way to Liverpool ; but this project 
like all others that had any show of prudence was 
delayed until their destruction was completed. 

On the l^th, General Forster gave prd^rs foi 
his army to m^rch ; hut was soon informed that 
General Wallas, with four regiments of dragoons, 
and one of foot, were in sight. Depending on the: 
promise of tha Lancashire gentlemen for timely 
Tntelligence, he was greatly anvnrised at the an^^ 
pe^rance of the royal army : but after reconnoiter- 
ing, he returned to the town to prepare for their 
reception. His men were not dispirited, but 
cheerfully commenced the preperation for their 
defence. They barricaded the avenues, and 
posted their men in the streets and bye-lanes, 
and such houses as were most proper for galling 
their enemies. General Forster formed four main 
barriers ; the first below the church, commanded 
by Brigadier Mackintosh, and supported by the 
Earl of De^rwentwater, Winton and Nithsdale, the 
Lord Kenmure, and the gentlemen volunteers m 
the churchyard. The second was situated at the 
end of the lane leading to the fields, and com^ 
raanded by Lord Charles Murray. The third 
barrier was near a windmill, and commanded by 
the Laird of Mackintosh. The fourth was in the 



9 



street leading to Liverpool, commanded by Major 
Miller, and Mr. Douglas. They drew up several 
intrencbments in the instant, and did all in their 
power to make a stout resistance, but were guilty 
of one capital error ; for General Forster recalled 
100 men from a narrow and difficult pass, thai • 
terminated by a bridge, and which might have 
been easily defended against a great force. General 
Waliis, surprised to find the pass abandoned, 
cautiously approached the town, and having viewed 
tbe disposition of his enemy, determined upon at- 
tacking all the four barriers at once, but at every 
one his trpops were repelled with considerable 
slaughter. Notwithstanding this success, the 
courage of Mr Forster's little army failed, on re- 
ceiving intelligence next morning that General 
Carpenter had arrived with his three regiments of 
dragoons. The Highlanders proposed to sally 
out upon the king's forces, and die like men, sword 
in hand ; but this was overruled. Lord Widd- 
rinton then prevailed on General Forster to offer 
to capitulate. Accordingly Colonel Oxburgh 
went with a trumpet to General Wallis, offering to 
surrender prisoners of war ; but the General in- 
sisted they should submit at discretion. This at 
length was agreed to ; and Earl Derwentwater, 
with Brigader Mackintosh, were delivered host- 
ages. Next morning, the king's troops entered 
the town, and having seized the noblemen and 
gentlemen, secured the Highlanders, who were 
drawn up in the Market Place. The number of 
English taken was 463, including 72 noblemen 
and gentlemen, mostly Northumbrians ; and the 
Scotch amounted to 1005, among whom were 143 
noblemen, officers and gentlemen,^ 



10 



Tbe half-pay officers among the prisoners were 
itniriediaterj sliot; hut Earl Der went water, Lord 
Widcfrington^ General Forster, and the oth^r 
prisoners of consequence were seat to Londdn, 
and conveyed to their respective prisons, in the 
most insulting manner. The parhament met on 
the 9th of January, and the Commons immediately 
began business by expelling Mr Forster, who was 
a me^mber for Northumberland, and impeaching 
the Earl of Derwentwater. 

Oh Thursday, February 9ih, 171^, at.about 
one o'clock, the Lords came from their own lijouse 
into the court-yard erected in Westminster Hall, 
to pass sentence upon James Earl of Derwentwater 
The clerk of the crown preseminjy his Majesty's 
commission to the Lord High Steward, which 
having been read the Earl of Derwentwater was 
brought to the bar by. the deputy governor of the 
tower, having the axe carried before him by the 
gentleman gaoler, who stood with it on the left 
hand of the prisoner* When the prisoner ap- 
proached the bar, (after kneehng) he bowed to 
the Lord High Steward, and to the House of 
Feers, which compliment was returned by both. 
iThe articles of impeachment were then r^ad, and 
the Earl was allowed until the I9th, the order of 
the day being read, James Earl of Derwentwater 
was brought to the bar, where he kneeled until the 
Lord Chancellor directed hira to rise; his Lordship 
demanded of the Earl if he was ready to put in 
his answer, which hje said he was, and deli verged 
th^ following : — 

Earl of. Derwentwatbr's Answer to tjhe 

Charge o.f H^^^h. Tre>a.son^ 
<* To the charge ^«f ftoi¥gh tod b^nbTO a rmixa^^ the 



^t. Alteaw'-Sf imwHiucii* in^ MjngH ! bedt cham- 
ber, where she! im|rfored':h^ h«afj m»- 
farttimate consort,, and tfeen witilchrew.. Aa jfis 
ansiwaK seem« toj havie been/ uxttammaMfSt, she 
went oa,tha 2il4}tiiatQ'tbjB lobby of tbe Haugfirof 
Lords^ to beg. tbeii: ift.t€»rG<&s«ioa : : but bereralsoi Wr 
petitron wasfdbrr^^rdecL The aext morning, 3h»e 
went to Westnoinster^ wiuh ai great atteniJance to 
petition both bowses of pavliament. The Duke 
of Richmond, ar near relation of the Earfs, 'was 
prevailed on to present her petition ; yet he voted 
against it. The house, however, seemed rather 
hiclined to mercy; but it was frnaHy agreed to 
leave the. matter to his Mjajesty,5whQ cljd not think 
propex to e^ tte rapnieve ox pairdon the. Eajrl of 
DerwentutaiteT^ and those who) spak& in favtMar qF 
this young ami aifma^ble^nobfetwan, and the oth>er 
condemned Lordsj drew down upon themselves 
bis marked disp]ea>ure. The same ev;aning, 
(February 2£rKl), onders were dispatched, for the 

' merits of tlte guarffa't^ 
round ihe scaSSold erected on, Tow^^r-liill,; 
and, a littk befoF0 tenro'ebck, the Earii<*f 
Derwentwater and the Lord Kenmure (eon- 
Yicted of the same ofTenoe) , were caj?ried in 
a ba^fenejf cioach frciin tlie Tower to^^e 
Transjofrt-offieej on Towier-^hiJl, wh^K^theWB 
wasa room liimg^vyitii Waofc ftr tlieir i^ecepttaii 
From tlii.« roami to tUe scafPold: their waisva 
railed gallery,. wJiiahi wag alsa ><H^ve^^ with 



16 



black. The Earl of Derwentwater was 
first led to the soaflfold ; and it was observed 
that in his going thither, and ascending the 
steps, his countenance turned very pale, 
But, after he liad been a few minutes on the 
scaffold, his behaviour appeared to be resolute 
and sedate. Having spent some time in prayer 
with a book, he then addressed himself to 
the sheriff, and desired he might have liberty 
to read a paper which he had drawn up, this 
request being readily granted, he went to the 
rails of the scaffold, and read as follows:— 

Being in a few minutes to appear befor the tribunal 
of God, where, though most unworthy, I hope to find 
mercy, which I have not found from men now in power, 
I have endeavoured to make my peace with his Divine 
Majesty, by most humbly begging pardon for all the sins 
of my [life ; and I doubt not of a merciful forgiveness 
through the merits of the passion and death of my Saviour 
Jesus Christ; for which I earnestly desire the prayers of 
all good Christians. 

" After this I am to ask pardon of those whom I might . 
have scandalized by pleading guilty at my trial. Such 
as were permitted to come to me, that having been unde- 
niable in arms pleading guilty was but the conseqnence of 
having submitted to mercy; and many arguments were 
used to prove there was nothing of moment in so doing ; 
among others the universal practise of signing leases, 
whereof the preambles run in the name of the person in 
possession. 

"But lam sensible, that in this I have made bold with 
my loyalty, having never owned any other than King 
James the Third, for my rightful and lawful Sovereign ; 
him I had an inclination to serve from my infancy, and 
moved thereto by a natural love I had to his person, 
knowing him capable of making his people happy ; and 
though he had been of a diflferent religion from mine, I 
should have done for him all that lay in my power, as 



17 



my ancestors have done for his predecessors, being there- 
to bound by the laws of God and man. 

Wherefore, if in this affair I have acted rashly, itii 
ouglit not to affect the innocent: I intended to wrong v 
nobody, but to serve my king and country, and that 
without self-interest ; hoping by the example I gave, to 
have influenced others to do their duty ; and God, who 
sees the secrets of my heart, knows I speak truth Some 
means have been proposed to me for saving my life, 
which I looked upon as inconsistent with honour and 
conscience, and therefore I rejected them ; for, with 
God's assistance, I shall prefer any death to doing a 
base unworthy action. I only wish now that the laying 
down my life might contribute to the service of my king 
and country, and the re-establishment of the ancient and 
hindamental constitution of these kingdoms ; without 
which, no lasting peace or true happiness can attend 
them; then I should, indeed, part with life even with 
pleasure; as it is^ I can only pray that these blessings 
may be bestowed upon my dear country; and since I 
Can do no more, I beseech God to accept my life, as a 
small sacrifice towards it. 

I die a Roman Catholic ; I am in perfect charity 
with all the world, I thank God for it, even with those 
of the present government, who are most instrumental 
in my death. I freely forgive such as ungenerously re- 
ported false tales of me; and I hope to be forgiven the 
trespasses of my youth, by the father of infinite mercy, 
into whose hand I commend my soul. 

JAS. DERWEiNTWATER. 

p. S. — If that prince who now governs had gi\ en me 
my life, I should have thought myself obliged nevef 
more to have taken up arms against h m 

After the reading of this paper, he gave it 
to the sheriff, telling him he might do with it 
as he pleased ; and that he had given a copy 
of it to a friend. Then turning to the block, 
he viewed it close, and finding in it a rough, 
place that might offend his neck, he, with 



18 



uncommon presence iof? Blind, Wd the exeoti ' 
ti(^tw 0liip it off H^afving prep^ared himseff 
for tte Mow by taking off his coat and waistf ! 
coj^t, h^ lny d,own to fit Ws head to to bl(MJkj,t 
telliiag the ' eixeo«(tioner that the sijgn be shouM^ 
give him was^ «^ lifi^d Jesiis, receite lii^^ 
saul/' and at the third time repeating it hj^ 
wa*s to do Ixis ofl&Ge, which he did at oneo 
bk)w It Wfi«s reported that, the night before^5ti 
the ^Earl of DerwentWater having seiit for ■ 
Stephen Roome, an undertaker of funer^ , 
al$, and discouraging with hi^ abauthis 
he tc^ld him he wo*uM h^ve a silver plate ok^ 
his coffin, with an inscription imparting^/ 
" that he died a sacrifiee to his lawful Sove- 
reign but Mr Roome sorupling to comply 
with it he was dismissed. 1 his was the refe-n 
son tiie^re was no hearse provided f(^r him €tt 
the exwution ; ^o that nis head was onl,y 
taken up by one of his servants, and put into 
a ^olean handkerchief; and the body being 
wrapped up in a black cloth, they were both' 
together carried to the Tower. 

Many wonderful and miraculous circum- 
stancefi were popularly belieTed to hwe ac- 
companied his death ; and the 'Auroro Boir^ra 
Ccilis,,' which appeared remarkably vivid on 
tlie night of liis execution, is still known liy 
the name of Lord Derwentwater's XigMs, 
HiB lordsliip's last req,uest, to be buried ivitH.j 
hiM ancestors at Dillon, was refused ; bui 
eijtljer a shani fmeral took place, or the coi^s 
was afterwards removed/for it was certainly 



I 

Ml. y the^famEy ^awiflt'^ !Bre^ft^*«a«dta^ xnt At- 
ki^Mie ' coffin was^ Swtflten ^pefl^a^ fHv ^ears 
ago, and the feedy fOtt»i»|,^^fte^^the 
near a century, in a .hig^i ^tate of preserva- 
tion. It was easily recogjiiiseclj^bjr tb« suture 
round the neck, 'by the openness of the coun- 
tenance, ^tn^d^ by tlie regularity of the features. 
The teeth were 5^31* {Jef fedt ; but 'Mr Surtees, 
in his* History of Durhaxn,, say thjsui /Several 
of them were drawn by a Wacksfmith, and 
sold for 2s 6d each. In a short time after, 
the vault was tflosed up. 

The unfortnrtate noblemtin is described to 
have been rather under the jniddle size, 
slender and comely with a fine ^co,mely and 
prepossessing aspect, 

The ample estates of the Ratcliffe family 
were declared forfeited, and an Act of Parli- 
ment passed to transfer the -use of th^m to the 
Greenwich Hospital Thisibnsines^/was not 
decided without some dispute, as <^gpears 
from the following: 

" This is again to renew and repeat my orders to all the 
tenants belongjj3g .tQ.imy)^an^<fi€H'^ es^atev/not to^^p^ any 
monies or rents to the commissioners for the forfeited 
estates, or to the receivers appointed by them. And I 
do hereby promii«e; 'iBd««inMy ' tlie»ni ^t^^^^ costs or 
charges they may be at, imrefusing to .do «th<e isame, until 
such time as the claim is decided, and the law-suite ended. 
Witness my hand tthie third daytof Ai|g^fe,riathe)y^r 1717 

"ANN BEilWJB^NXW AIDER/' 



m 



The following pathetic lines, on the fate 
of this unfortunate nobleman, and the ruin 
of his mansion at Dilston, will be found 
i^ortby the reader^s perusal : — 

How mournful feeble Nature's tone, 

When Dilston Hall appears ; 
Where none*s to wait the orphan's moan, 

Nor dry the widow's tears ! 

The helpless aged poor survey, 

This building as it stands ; 
In moving anguish heard to say, 

(And weeping ring their hands.) 

The bounteous Earl, he is no more. 

Who once adorn'd this plain ; 
Relieved the needy at his door, 

And freely did sustain. 

Here flowing plenty once did reign, 

Which gladden'd every face; 
But now, alas ! reversed scene, 

For owls a dwelling-place* 

The tim'rous deer hath left the lawn. 

The oak a victim falls; 
The gentle traveller sighs when shewn, 

These desolated walls. 

Each generous mind emotion feels. 
With pious pity mov'd ; 
No^breast its anguish yet conceals, 
For one so well belov'd. 



I 



21 



Let no'unhallpw'd tongue, or servile slave, 
. 'Their partial clamour vent beyond the grave; 
But let the noble Dead his honours wear; 
His fault deplore, his virtue still revere : 
1 i Tho' err he did, he finish'd the debate, 
1 With his own blood, and Ratcliflfe's fair estate. 
^; JJ!he aged farmer, totte'ring o'er the green, 
[♦ Leans on his staff, recounts the days he's seen: 
Informs the list'ning youth by his record. 
How blest his roof, how plenteous was his board; 
Nor rack'd by Derwent's hospitable lord, 
He stops his tale, involved in grief profound ; 
He sighs, he weeps, and feebly stikes the ground; 
Cries, why reherse these golden days of yore, 
)SifiSince they to me, to me can be no more! 
The clement heart, and curious, often calls 
To view the naked park, and stripped walls: 
E'en the damp Walls their stony tears impart, 
As if their master's wound had pierc*d their heart* 
Ye pensive mutes, 'tentive on Dilston wait. 
And mourn eternal Ratcliffe's tragic fate ? 



It appears that Lady Derwentwater, during her lortfs 
Imprisonment, and after his death, continued to rent 
>igiiam Park, near Romford, and not far from Thorndon, 
lord Petre's. The chapel, which had been fitted up in 
le Catholic manner; and was taken dowM only about th« 
^at 1784/ was wainscotted in oak, with an oaken Catholic 
ter and pulpit. Lord Derwent water's body was brought 
Olti London, and laid there till sent to Dilston. At 
'homddn is kept an oak chest, with an inscription in 
•ass, engraved there by Lady Derwentwater's orders, and 
iwataining Lord Derwentwater's dress which he wcwre Oil 



22 



the scaffold : —coat, waistcoat, bi;efche% ojF black , velvet, 
stockings tkat roTi€^ over the knee ; Tiis shoes, a wig of 
very fair:bair,ntku Mi dttw-M'^fveadi^sa^e^ a 
part of his shiji, Q^x havi«g, i)e0|i fiut >awt*y>*^thi6 
bloody ; the black serge that covered the scaffold, and. also 
the piece of btetrk serge that 'covered"the Modk, stilff with 
his blood, and with the mai'lBs (ofttiie cut @f' the aose in it. 
The family of Lord iPetre ha«ve foimd at Xhorndon many 
most interesting It tters of the Earl from the Tower, and 
an account 6f LiSs tfeath by ffis confessor, mo«t strtking 
and affectAQg. TJa€?y hav^y besides, .man^r itrinkete )Vtthicn 
belonged to him, The sou died when aiinteteen y«e^s of 
age : had 'he lived till twenty-one, preparations were 
mdkio^^O eat 0ff *tbe'cwtiafl, dn'Whic»h «a9«'the«&tate would 
now have belonjg^d. to luord P^tiie. The old aen-taU ibeing 
at an end by the last Lord Newbiirgh's death, the estate 
would have contie to James Lord IDerwentwater^s only 
daugbtflrv ijA.Dnj]\feia 3b«% JRHtiie, 



The Earl^s^bEatlw^F, Charlies, was iiv'wd and coadtemned 
on the 18 of May, 1716, but afterwards. reprieved, though 
retained in strict conirnement in Newgate. He afterward^ 
made his eseaf>e't© FniJice ; but^was^eaftiiFeidmd! execut- 
ed the sawie^^eac.. 



When the Earl s^ppeared m ai?ms he sent all the 
family deeds to a neighbouriog cottage, inhabited 
by a humble but fuithrul retainer df the family, 
Cuthbert Swmburne, an ingfenious clack-inaker of 
HefXham. Here tbey remained, jconcealed under; 
Swiiiburn's bed, until removed to Capheatoi^, i^daeri^ 
thgj wene concealed betweefli tw»o walls behind J* 
cUimney:. Walton, a slater, of BiaekTheddon, and j| 
ri^rd Pjjesbjterlan, when repairing th^ .roof, -disco 
emd ihis concealmaat, a»nd sdm ihe ;diestsj with thi9 
Bcmw^atwater ins^igiwa iipAn Aem. Qe mfwrnnl 
Sk William iMidddetcxn, w;ba,.iA .beii^g tdepttl^ 

for' tb« iD^ike of Somerset >w.heiAii&££ai^^4&t ^^aea^ 
tdn /for afiHis mas-i -^hs&rv^d^ >to ^«iiQg«jttre wmiihy (tlaa 



nwand- When Jie, fouiid »tfbe place, dasmbed by 
iValton, lie ^i-c^e^tfte wall, and met with tlae old re- 
;ords above natoBd, whicfe he seizjed and «ent joff to 
^ondon. ''tfh^y are ^ntm "at ^©reenwich Hospital, 
'rior to this, the cotti mission er& w«i%'ca^t*^rn many 
rials, notflfcaoiflgj *be Ra:toIifflfe< deftdfc: twreduce, 
ince the title of tha^f(to»l|y -wasi1(lidr(ti<tiev Walton, 
or this service ia 5ari>d< 4P ^a^^-ei^jo^'iedra.bftnidsome 
►ensign during^ bisTij;?, 



DERWENTWATER'S FAREWELL. 

Farewell to pleaisaflt ©iJsstoa.Hall, 

My £atbter?« Anxiieat-eeat : 
A stranger now.must xjall tlie^ hi§^ 

Which ^ars my heart to greet, 
FareweTl each -kindly well-known face, 

My heBni,'Las held so dear ; 
My tenants now must leave their lands, 
f<^ii M tbejsr "M^v^' < i n >fe»r. 

No more along the baHikS iOif Ty n<e^ 

ril rove in aatumiifg^rey ; 
No more I 'J 1 hear at early dawn 

The lav'rocks wake the day:; 
Then fare thee we^l' brave Wrth^ringtcwi, 

And ?Fws1reT" ^ *tr ae. 
Dear Shafti^ury^ad ilrring^tea,, 

Receive my last adieu ! 

And fare thee well George iSollingwood, 

Since fate has ftut^ifs d©wi3, 
If thou and I have lost our Ives, 

Our king h^ lost his aoWM, 
Farewell, farewell, my ladj dcAr, 

111 if thou GouncilPdst me, 
I never more may see the babe 

XbHiUsiailes U|)X)n thy kiie;©. 



24 



And fare thee well my bonny grey steed, 

That carried me aye so free ; 
I wish T had been a sleep in my bed, 

Last time I mounted thee. 
The warning bell now bids me cease; 

My trouble's nearly o'er ; 
Yon sun that rises from the sea 

Shall rise on me no more. 

Albeit that^here in London town, 
^ It is my fate to die, 

O carry me to Northumberland, 

In ray father's grave to lie : 
There chaunt my solemn requiem. 

In Hexham's holy towers, 
And let six maids of fair Tynedale 

Scatter my grave with flowers. 

And when the head that wears the crown, 

Shall be laid low like mine, 
Some honest heart may then lament 

For Ratcliffe's fallen line. 
Farewell to pleasant Dilston Hall, 

My father's ancient seat, 
A stranger now must call thee his. 

Which gars my heart to greet. 




PRINTED AT J. ROSs' STEAM-PRESS, NEWCASTLE.