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THE 



Journal of Religion 



JANUARY 1922 



THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE OPEN FORUM TO DEMOCRACY 

IN RELIGION 
By George W. Coleman 

WHAT ARE THE FUNDAMENTALS OF CHRISTIANITY? 
By Conrad H. Moehlmann 

THE MISSION OF REFORM JUDAISM 

By Samuel S. Cohon 

THE LEADERSHIP OF THE MINISTRY IN INDUSTRIAL AND 

SOCIAL LIFE 
By Wilfred Currier Keirstead 

LAW AND RITUAL IN THE PSALMS 
By J. M. Powis Smith 

GLIMPSES OF THE RELIGIOUS LIFE OF NEW JAPAN 

By Kenneth Saunders 

A NEO-REALIST'S CONCEPTION OF GOD 
By Douglas C. Macintosh 

WHAT SHALL PROTESTANTISM DO WITH MODERNISM? 

By Gerald Birney Smith 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS 

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Vol. II No. 1 



THE JOURNAL OF RELIGION 

Volume II JANUARY 1922 Number 1 

Issued by the 

DIVINITY FACULTY AND CONFERENCE OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO 

GERALD BIRNEY SMITH 

Editor 



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PRINTED IN THE U.S.A. 



THE JOURNAL OF RELIGION 

Vol. II CONTENTS FOR JANUARY 1922 No. 1 



THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE OPEN FORUM TO DEMOCRACY IN 

RELIGION 1-15 

By George W. Coleman, Boston, Massachusetts 

WHAT ARE THE FUNDAMENTALS OF CHRISTIANITY? 16-26 

By Conrad H. Moehlmann, Rochester Theological Seminary, Rochester, 
New York 

THE MISSION OF REFORM JUDAISM 27-43 

By Samuel S. Cohon, Chicago, Illinois 

THE LEADERSHIP OF THE MINISTRY IN INDUSTRIAL AND SOCIAL LIFE 44-57 

By Wilfred Currier Keirstead, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, 
New Brunswick 

LAW AND RITUAL IN THE PSALMS S 8-6 9 

By J. M. Powis Smith, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 

GLIMPSES OF THE RELIGIOUS LIFE OF NEW JAPAN 70-80 

By Kenneth Saunders, Pacific School of Religion, Berkeley, California 

CURRENT EVENTS AND DISCUSSIONS 81-91 

BOOK REVIEWS 

tct'C r , n"\Tr , Trr> r rTr»-vr nr nr\i~\ 

92-97 



92-104 

A NEO-REALIST'S CONCEPTION OF GOD 



By Douglas C. Macintosh, Yale Divinity School, New Haven, Connecticut 

A NEW EXPOSITION OF JOB 97 _ 99 

By J. M. Powis Smith, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 

THE INFLUENCE OF THE APOSTLE PAUL ON EARLY CHRISTIANITY . 99 - IO i 

By E. F. Scott, Union Theological Seminary, New York City, New York 

WHAT SHALL PROTESTANTISM DO WITH MODERNISM? .... 101-104 
By Gerald Birney Smith, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 

BOOKS RECEIVED 105-112 

BOOKS REVIEWED IN THIS NUMBER 

Alexander, Space, Time, and Deity 

Bacon, Jesus and Paul ••.... 9 

Driver and Gray, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of job, Together with * 9 

a New Translation 

Faulkner, Modernism and the Christian Faith ...'..." j£ 2 

Horsch, Modern Religious Liberalism: The Destructiveness and Irrationality of the New 

TheoI °gy 102 



The Journal of Religion 

Issued by the Divinity Conference of the University of Chicago 
Edited by GERALD BIRNEY SMITH 

WHAT IS IT? 

It is not a Journal of Homiletics. There are already excellent 
journals in this field. 

It is not an organ of propaganda. There is already an abundance 
of propaganda of various sorts, good and bad, in the religious world. 

It is not a periodical for technical archaeological investigation 
or for the critical analysis of historical documents. Other journals 
are ably promoting this valuable work of scholarship. 

It is an organ for the promotion of the historical method of 
studying religion. 

WHAT IS THE HISTORICAL METHOD? 

Every religion has a real history. Some religions grow and 
expand. Others dwindle and die. All of them have times of success- 
ful growth and times of decline. Why does religion exist at all? 
What makes a religion grow ? Why do some religions die ? What 
can be done to keep a religion from losing its power? These are 
important questions. If they can be answered, every religious 
leader can walk with surer step. 

The Journal of Religion exists to help further the investiga- 
tion of the historical conditions entering into the actual development 
of religious life and organization. The understanding of the forces 
which entered into the shaping of any religion in any period of history 
furnishes a basis for the estimation of our own problems. With the 
aid of psychologists and sociologists the interpretation of what has 
occurred in the past can be correlated with our study of present-day 
religion. Such co-operation in a common task the Journal attempts 
to promote. 



THE JOURNAL OF RELIGION 



WHY YOU SHOULD SUBSCRIBE TO THE 
JOURNAL OF RELIGION 

i. Because it is definitely planned to furnish the best possible 
scholarly discussions of religion and its interests. It is issued under 
the direction of the Divinity Faculty of the University of Chicago. 
It has on its staff of contributors many of the leading scholars of the 
world. It expects and welcomes that spirit of candid, fearless investi- 
gation which prevails in all scientific journals, believing that a better 
knowledge of the facts will always lead to a better organization of 
religion. 

2. Because it deliberately emphasizes the discussion of the problems 
of vital religion. There are several other journals admirably equipped 
to investigate questions concerning documents or literary origins. 
But the scientific study of religion is pressing back of documents and 
records to the actual life of which the documents are an expression. 
Every article accepted for publication in the Journal of Religion 
is an interpretation of religion itself, either in some historical develop- 
ment, or in its psychological aspect, or in terms of some current 
issue of thought or practice, or in the form of missionary enterprise, 
or in the endeavor to understand the inner meaning of non-Christian 
religions, or in the interpretation of the social implications of religion. 

3. Because it furnishes prompt and reliable information concerning 
current publications in the field of religion. Every issue contains a 
classified list of the latest books with brief critical statements indicat- 
ing the scope and value of each book. Important publications are 
critically reviewed at length. A special department is devoted to 
suggestive comment on significant articles in current magazines and 
journals. The Journal is an indispensable guide to a knowledge of 
current publications dealing with religion. 

SPECIAL FEATURES FOR THE YEAR IQ2 2 

i. A series of articles telling just what are the present aims and 
achievements of scholarship in the various realms of inquiry and 
investigation. What are New Testament scholars investigating 
today? What contribution to the knowledge of religion do they 



THE JOURNAL OF RELIGION 



expect to make? How are scholars defining religion? What are 
the present tendencies in religious thinking? What conception of 
the missionary enterprise is dominating missionary effort today? 
These and other questions will be discussed by competent authorities. 

2 . Interpretations of religion as expressed in action today. In these 
times of social and political unrest, religion is striving mightily to find 
ways in which it may help to point the way to the highest spiritual 
values. In the Orient, in Europe, in America, what is religion doing 
in these stirring days ? 

3. The frank analysis of current issues. What is to be done with 
Modernism in Protestantism? What is to be said concerning the 
movement for Church Unity ? How far have ministers the right and 
the duty to speak on social and industrial issues ? Is the future of 
Christianity to be organized in terms of our present denominations, 
or are new lines of cleavage to be established? These and other 
questions will receive constant attention. 

SOME CONTRIBUTORS TO THE JOURNAL 

Professor Edward Scribner Ames University of Chicago 

Professor Edgar S. Brightman Boston University 

Professor William Adams Brown Union Theological Seminary 

Professor John Wright Buckham Pacific School of Religion 

Professor F. C. Burkitt Cambridge, England 

Professor C. J. Cadoux Yorkshire United Independent College, Bradford, England 

Professor Shirley Jackson Case University of Chicago 

Professor George A. Coe Union Theological Seminary 

Mr. George W. Coleman Director Open Forum National Council 

Professor George Cross Rochester Theological Seminary 

President W. H. P. Faunce Brown University 

Professor Albert Parker Fitch Amherst College 

Principal George Galloway University of St. Andrews, Scotland 

Principal Alfred E Garvie New College, Hampstead. England 

Professor Maurice Goguel Faculty of Protestant Theology, Paris, France 

Professor Clarence H. Hamilton University of Nanking, China 

Reverend William E. Hammond Walker, Minnesota 

Professor William E. Hocking Harvard University 

Professor D. C. Holtom Tokyo, Japan 

President Henry Churchill King Oberlin College 

Professor Rufus M. Jones Haverford College 

Reverend John E. Le Bosquet Fall River, Massachusetts 

Professor E. W. Lyman Union Theological Seminary 

Professor Shailer Mathews University of Chicago 

Professor Julian Morgenstern Hebrew Union College 

Professor James B. Pratt Williams College 

Professor Kenneth Saunders Pacific School of Religion 

Professor E. L. Schaub Northwestern University 

Professor Ernest F. Scott Union Theological Seminary 

Professor Edwin D. Starbuck University of Iowa 

Professor Yu Yue Tsu St. John's University, Shanghai, China 

Professor Harry F. Ward Union Theological Seminary 

Reverend Cornelius Woelfkin New York City 

Professor Angus S. Woodburne Madras Christian College, Madras, India 



THE JOURNAL OF RELIGION 



A FEW READER COMMENTS 

"May I thank you for what you are doing? The Journal of Religion is a real 
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"Personally, I am very much pleased with the Journal of Religion. I look forward 
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is meeting the need on a very high plane." 

"I have been much pleased with the copies of the Journal of Religion which have 
come to my desk, and feel that the magazine is well planned to meet a distinct need. I 
gladly recommend it to all my acquaintances who are interested in a sane and intelligent 
religious interpretation of life." 

"For nearly twenty years I have been reading the periodicals of the University of 
Chicago under various names, and I can say with all sincerity that the Journal of Religion 
fits into my religious life in a peculiar way. It is different from so many of the other 
periodicals which I read, and it is always so stimulating and thought-provoking that I 
look forward to its coming with a great deal of genuine interest." 



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