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Journal of Religion
THE KENTUCKY CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE TEACHING OF
By Alonzo W. Fortune
The Constitutional and legal Status of Religion in
By Carl Zollmann
Can Christianity Welcome Freedom of teaching?
By Gerald Birney Smith
THE RELIGION OF THE MANICHEES
By F. C. Burkitt
THE DILEMMA OF SOCIAL RELIGION
By Clarence Marsh Case
THE INTELLECTUAL AND SOCIAL CRISIS IN CHINA
By F. L. Hawks Pott
AN EXPERIMENT IN RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATION
By Laurens Hickok Seelye
THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, U.S.A.
THE CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, London
THE MARUZEN-KABUSHIKI-KAISHA, Tokyo, Osaka, Kyoto, Fukuoka, Sendai
THE MISSION BOOK COMPANY, Shanghai
Vol. II No. 3
THE JOURNAL OF RELIGION
Volume II MAY 1922 Number 3
Issued by the
DIVINITY FACULTY AND CONFERENCE OF THE
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO
GERALD BIRNEV SMITH
The Journal of Religion is published bimonthly by the University of Chi-
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as follows: for Canada, 25 cents on annual subscriptions (total $3.25), on single
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35 cents on annual subscriptions (total $3.35), on single copies 6 cents (total
71 cents). 5 Patrons are requested to make all remittances payable to the Uni-
versity of Chicago Press in postal or express money orders or bank drafts.
The following are authorized to quote the prices indicated:
For the British Empire: The Cambridge University Press, Fetter
Lane, London, E.C..4, England. Yearly subscriptions, including postage,
20s. id. each; single copies, 4s. 3d. each.
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Nihonbashi Tori Sanchome, Tokyo, Japan. Yearly subscriptions, including
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For China: The Mission Book Company, 13 North Szechuen Road,
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lents in Chinese money. Postage extra, if mailed direct outside of Shanghai,
on yearly subscriptions, 35 cents, on single copies, 6 cents.
Claims for missing numbers should be made within the month following
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Business correspondence should be addressed to The University of Chicago
Press, Chicago, 111.
Communications for the editor and manuscripts should be addressed to the
Editor of The Journal of Religion, The University of Chicago, Chicago, 111.
Entered as second-class matter, January 20, 1021, at the Post-office at Chicago, Illinois, under Act of
March 3, 1879.
Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Section 1103, Act of October 3, 1017,
authorized on July rs, 1918.
PRINTED IN THE U.S.A.
THE JOURNAL OF RELIGION
Vol. II CONTENTS FOR MAY 1922 No. 3
THE KENTUCKY CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE TEACHING OF EVOLUTION 225-235
By Alonzo W. Fortune, Lexington, Kentucky
THE CONSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL STATUS OF RELIGION IN PUBLIC
By Carl Zollmann, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
CAN CHRISTIANITY WELCOME FREEDOM OF TEACHING? . . . 245-262
By Gerald Birney Smith, University of Chicago
THE RELIGION OF THE MANICHEES 263-276
By F. Crawford Burkitt, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England
THE DILEMMA OF SOCIAL RELIGION 277-290
By Clarence Marsh Case, University of Iowa
THE INTELLECTUAL AND SOCIAL CRISIS IN CHINA 291-302
By F. L. Hawks Pott, St. John's University, Shanghai, China
AN EXPERIMENT IN RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATION 303-309
By Laurens Hickok Seelye, Beirut, Syria
CURRENT EVENTS AND DISCUSSIONS . . . . . . . . . 310-319
THE THEOLOGY OF AN ANGLICAN LEADER 320-321
By Clarence A. Beckwith, Chicago Theological Seminary
SEEBERG'S HISTORY OF DOGMA 321-323
By William Walker Rockwell, Union Theological Seminary, New York
City, New York
THE PRINCIPLES OF MISSIONARY ENTERPRISE 323-325
By Henry H. Walker, Chicago Theological Seminary
A PLEA FOR BEAUTY IN RELIGION 325-327
By Walter Sargent, University of Chicago
BOOKS RECEIVED 328-336
BOOKS REVIEWED IN THIS NUMBER
Gore, Belief in God 320
Seeberg, Lehrbuch der Dogmengeschichte 321
Richter, Evangelische Missionskunde 3 2 3
Vogt, Art and Religion 325
Two new chapters have been added: "The Religion of the Celts and Teutons"
and "The Unfolding of the Idea of God in the Religions of the World."
THE RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD
By GEORGE A. BARTON
Professor of Biblical Literature and Semitic Languages in
Bryn Mawr College
Professor Barton's book fills a long-felt need in the field of com-
parative religion for a collection of facts which are suitable for the
general reader. The book deals with the origin, history, and principal
teachings of all the great religions. The author points out those
characteristics of Christianity which make it destined to be the
universal religion, and the result of the study should be a greater
respect for all religions with a supreme allegiance to Christianity.
xii+331 pages, cloth; $2.25, postpaid $2.40
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LIFE THE LONG ROAD TO FREEDOM
By The Editor
THE RELIGION OF JOHN BURROUGHS
Reginald Wright Kaufman
THE WOMEN OF IBSEN
Virginia Taylor McCormick
SOME REACTIONS TO DEWEY'S PHILOSOPHY
Carl C. Rasmussen
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The Religious History of New England
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An invaluable book for the home, the
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and organizations interested in child welfare
and the promotion of a Christian type of
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THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS, Chicago, Illinois
A SHORT HISTORY OF CHRISTIAN
By PRESERVED SMITH, PH.D.
Pages, 223 Cloth, Price $2.00
"In proportion as the knowledge of history becomes more profound
and intelligent," says the great French scholar, Gabriel Monod, "an ever
larger place is given to the study of religious beliefs, doctrines, and institutions."
But, continues the same authority, the study of these phenomena is as yet very
backward, partly because of the intrinsic difficulty of the subject, partly because
the fear of wounding others' feelings or of exciting their prejudices prevents
many investigators from cultivating this field in a scientific spirit. The present
work attempts to subject to rational analysis and objective consideration
one of the most interesting and fundamental of Christian doctrines. The
author, who writes sine ira et studio, as one who has no party to serve and no
cause to advance save that of truth, cooly exhibits the history of the idea of
the sacrificed and eaten god from its obscure dawn in primitive times to its
evening twilight in the present.
The practice of eating a god in the form of first-fruits or of a divine animal
originated in ancient times, and attained an extraordinary development in
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of Dionysus, of Demeter, and of other Saviour Gods. From these cults the
idea was borrowed by Paul and, against opposition of the Jewish Christians,
fastened on the church. The history of the dogma, after the first centuries
of our era, has been the story of attempts to explain it. Transubstantiation
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tants and rationalists they are said to be, the inept inventions of a barbarous
age, but were the first endeavors to reason about and philosophically to
elucidate beliefs formerly accepted with naive simplicity. The hardest
battles over the dogma came in the Reformation period, which accordingly
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their fellows, adopted the view, now prevalent in Protestant communions,
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the sixteenth-century controversies, Zwinglian or rationalist views were
quietly adopted by most Christians, though here and there high sacramentalism
survived or was revived.
Rightly understood the present study will be appreciated as a scientific
essay in the field of comparative religion, and as furnishing a rational explana-
tion of much that is most delicate and important in the history of Christianitv.
OPEN COURT PUBLISHING COMPANY
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A New Book
The Religion of the Psalms
DR. J. M. P. SMITH
Professor of Old Testament Language and Literature
The University of Chicago
The Religion of the Psalms aims to give an understanding of the
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