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THE 



Journal of Religion 



JULY 1922 



THE CONSERVATIVE REACTION IN CHINA 
By Paul Hutchinson 

THE Present status of the psychology of Religion 

By Edward L. Schaub 

The motive of theology 

By George Cross 

THE VALUE OF THE SOCIAL SURVEY FOR RELIGION 
By Worth M. Tippy 

Sketches of Buddhism as a Living Religion 

By Kenneth J. Saunders 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS 

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, U.S.A. 



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THE MISSION BOOK COMPANY, Shanghai 

VoL II No. 4 



THE JOURNAL OF RELIGION 



Volume II JULY 1922 Number 4 



Issued by the 

DIVINITY FACULTY AND CONFERENCE OF THE 
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO 

GERALD BIRNEY SMITH 

Editor 



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Entered as second-class matter, January 20, 1 921, at the Post-office at Chicago, Illinois, under Act of 
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PRINTED IN THE U.S.A. 



THE JOURNAL OF RELIGION 



Vol. II CONTENTS FOR JULY 1922 No. 4 



THE CONSERVATIVE REACTION IN CHINA 337-361 

By Paul Hutchinson, Shanghai, China 

THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE PSYCHOLOGY OF RELIGION . . . 362-379 
By Edward L. Schaub, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 

THE MOTIVE OF THEOLOGY 380-401 

By George Cross, Rochester Theological Seminary, Rochester, New York 

THE VALUE OF THE SOCIAL SURVEY FOR RELIGION 402-417 

By Worth M. Tippy, New York City 

SKETCHES OF BUDDHISM AS A LIVING RELIGION 418-431 

By Kenneth J. Saunders, Pacific School of Religion, Berkeley, California 

CURRENT EVENTS AND DISCUSSIONS 432-436 

BOOK REVIEWS 

A TEXTBOOK ON THE PHaOSOPHY OF RELIGION 437-438 

By Edgar S. Brightman, Boston University 

POPULARIZING MODERN NEW TESTAMENT SCHOLARSHIP . . . 439-440 
By John Pitt Deane, Beloit College, Beloit, Wisconsin 

THE ORIGIN AND MEANING OF GREEK HERO CULTS 441-443 

By Shirley Jackson Case, University of Chicago 

BOOKS RECEIVED 442-448 



BOOKS REVIEWED IN THIS NUMBER 

Farnell, Greek Hero Cults and Ideas of Immortality 441 

If cC/we, The Contents of the New Testament 440 

Moffatt, The Approach to the New Testament 4,0 

Scolt, The New Testament Today 4,0 

Wright, A Student's Philosophy of Religion 4,. 



Cambridge lanibersitp ^ress 



Mithraism and Christianity. A Study in Comparative Religion. By L. 
Patterson, M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge, Vice-Principal of Chicester 
Theological College. Crown 8vo. Price on application. 

Early Judaism. By L. E. Browne, M.A., Fellow of St. Augustine's College, 
Canterbury. Crown 8vo. $5.50. 

St. Paul. His Life, Letters, and Christian Doctrine. By A. H. McNeile, D.D. 
Crown 8vo. With 3 maps. $4.00. 

The Paradox of the World. Sermons by John Oman, D.D., Author of 
Grace and Personality, The War and Its Issues, etc. Crown Svo. Price on 
application. 

Evolution and the Doctrine of the Trinity. By Stewart A. 
McDowALL, B.D. Crown Svo. $3.60. 

The Babylonian Talmud: Tractate B*rakot. Translated into English 
for the first time. With introduction, commentary, glossary, and indices. 
By the Rev. A. Cohen, M.A., sometune Scholar of Emmanuel College, 
Cambridge. Demy Svo. Price on application. 

The Epistle to the Hebrews. In the revised version. With introduction 
and notes. By A. Nairne, D.D., Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. 
Fcap Svo. $2.00. 

The Gospels as Historical Documents. Part III, the Fourth Gospel. 

By V. H. Stanton, D.D., Regius Professor of Divinity in the University of 
Cambridge. Demy Svo. $6.50. 

The Pastoral Epistles. With introduction, text, and commentary. By R. 
St. John Parry, D.D. Demy Svo. $8.00. 

Deuteronomy and the Decalogue. By R. H. Kennett, D.D., Regius 
Professor of Hebrew in the University of Cambridge. Crown Svo. Paper 
Covers. $2.50. 

The Sayings of Jesus from Oxjrrhynchus. Edited, with introduction, 
critical apparatus, and commentary, by Hugh G. Evelyn White, M.A. 
Crown Svo. $5.50. 



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Religious Education in 
the Family 

By HENRY F. COPE 

General Secretary of the Religious 
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THE author deals with the real meaning 
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xu-\-2g4 pages, i2mo, cloth 
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The University of Chicago Press 

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The Dramatization 
of Bible Stories 

By ELIZABETH E. MILLER 

^ A book which presents cogent reasons 
for leading children to dramatize great 
religious stories — develops the process of 
creating drama from biblical stories — 
shows stories in all stages of development 
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fl This book gives the methods and results of an 
experiment that has been carried on by the author 
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An invaluable book {or the home, the 
day school, and the Sunday school 

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The first single work to record the growth of the Bible from its beginning up to the present time. 
The Life of Paul, by Benjamin W. Robinson. $1.75, postpaid $1.90. 

This narrative moves rapidly through the apostle's successive difficult conflicts and powerful triumnhs and 
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The Religions of the World, by George A. Barton. $2.25, postpaid $2.40. 

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THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS, Chicago, Illinois 



FINDING FAVOR IN A NEW FIELD 



Empha* 

size 

Bible 

Study 



Constructive 
Studies 

for 

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Why 

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Try 

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Write for descriptive literature 



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THE PERSONALIST 

announces for early publication 

THE PERSONALIZING OF MODERN LIFE 
THE DEMAND FOR JAZZ 

By the Editor 

THE USE OF THE TERM PERSONALISM 

By Edgas S. Brightman 

THE GRAVE BEAUTY OF MASEFIELD'S VERSE 
THE QUILLURGENCE OF MR. SHAW 

By Josephine Hammond 

ROMAIN ROLLAND, THE WILL TO GREATNESS 

By Virginia Taylor McCormick 

ARNOLD BENNETT AND OLD AGE 

By Clara Frances McIntyre 

AN INTERPRETATION OF SHELLEY'S PROMETHEUS UN- 
BOUND 

By Allen R. Benham 

The July Personalist is ready for distribution. A limited number of sample copies 
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A New Book 



The Religion of the Psalms 

By 

DR. J. M. P. SMITH 

Professor of Old Testament Language and Literature 
The University of Chicago 



The Religion of the Psalms aims to give an understanding of the 
purpose for which the Psalms were written and of their function in the 
Jewish community. Its point of view is that the religion of the Psalms 
cannot be understood apart from some general knowledge of the conditions 
amid which they were written and the needs they were intended to satisfy. 
Only after one has learned the original significance of the Psalter is he in a 
position to use it intelligently for the instruction and comfort of his own 
generation. 

The Psalms are a record of the inner religious life of the later Jews. 
They show how the saints of that period met the problems of the spiritual 
life in their day. In so far as our needs are the same as theirs and in so 
far as they put their own experience on record the Psalms become for us 
a store of moral and spiritual wisdom. As we see the influences that operated 
to produce certain hopes and fears, we are enabled to determine more accu- 
rately the validity of those reactions and to control our own minds and hearts 
accordingly. 

The faith of the Psahnists in the presence of appalling difficulties and 
dangers is a constant marvel. To read the record of their loyalty stimu- 
lates our own. Faith kindles faith. 

Each chapter is rich in information and suggestions for the person who 
desires greater knowledge about the Psalms. Every minister will find here 
material which will open up the treasure house of the Psalms and thus 
increase the pleasure and profit of their use for devotional and sermonic 
purposes. 

$1.75, postpaid $1.85 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS 

5851 ELLIS AVENUE CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 



A Naturalist in the Great Lakes Region 

By ELLIOT R. DOWNING 

Associate Professor of Natural Science in the School of 
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4jo illustrations, flexible binding, $3.50, postpaid $j.6o 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS 

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Evolution, the Bible, and Religion 

By 
FREDERIC J. GURNEY 

In this pamphlet the author has set forth in a masterful way the modern 
point of view on the relation between religious faith and science. He treats 
his subject reverently and constructively, in a spirit of fairness to both. 

A careful reading of this pamphlet will help one to a reasonable point of 
view, from which can be seen the facts of nature as they are, the books of the 
Bible in their historical setting, and religion as a vital concern. 

Single copies, 10 cents; postpaid 12 cents; special rates on quantity orders 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS 

CHICAGO ILLINOIS 



A SHORT HISTORY OF CHRISTIAN 
THEOPHAGY 

By PRESERVED SMITH, PH.D. 

Pages, 223 Cloth, Price $2.00 

"In proportion as the knowledge of history becomes more profound 
and intelligent," says the great French scholar, Gabriel Monod, "an ever 
larger place is given to the study of religious beliefs, doctrines, and institutions." 
But, continues the same authority, the study of these phenomena is as yet very 
backward, partly because of the intrinsic difhculty of the subject, partly because 
the fear of wounding others' feehngs or of exciting their prejudices prevents 
many investigators from cultivating this field in a scientific spirit. The present 
work attempts to subject to rational analysis and objective consideration 
one of the most interesting and fundamental of Christian doctrines. The 
author, who writes sine ira et studio, as one who has no party to serve and no 
cause to advance save that of truth, coolly exhibits the history of the idea of 
the sacrificed and eaten god from its obscure dawn in primitive times to its 
evening twihght in the present. 

The practice of eating a god in the form of first-fruits or of a divine animal 
originated in ancient times, and attained an extraordinary development in 
the Mystery Religions of the Greeks, in the cults of Attis, of Adonis, of Osiris, 
of Dionysus, of f)emeter, and of other Saviour Gods. From these cults the 
idea was borrowed by Paul and, against opposition of the Jewish Christians, 
fastened on the church. The history of the dogma, after the first centuries 
of our era, has been the story of attempts to explain it. Transubstantiation 
and the doctrine of the sacrifice of the mass were not, as commonly by Protes- 
tants and rationalists they are said to be, the inept inventions of a barbarous 
age, but were the first endeavors to reason about and philosophically to 
elucidate beliefs formerly accepted with naive simpUcity. The hardest 
battles over the dogma came in the Reformation period, which accordingly 
bulks large in the present work. While Luther, Calvin, and other prominent 
Reformers believed in a real presence, but tried to give its mode new explana- 
tions, other more advanced spirits, Honius, Carlstadt, Swingli, Tyndale, and 
their fellows, adopted the view, now prevalent in Protestant communions, 
that the eucharistic bread and wine were mere symbols. After the heat of 
the sixteenth-century controversies, ZwingKan or rationalist views were 
quietly adopted by most Christians, though here and there high sacramentalism 
survived or was revived. 

Rightly understood the present study will be appreciated as a scientific 
essay in the field of comparative religion, and as furnishing a rational explana- 
tion of much that is most delicate and important in the history of Christianity. 



OPEN COURT PUBLISHING COMPANY 

122 South Michigan Avenue .... CHICAGO 



By 
A. WAKEFIELD SLATEN, Ph.D. 

Head of the Department of Religion and Ethics in the Youns Men *a 
Christian Association College of Chicago 

The purpose of this book is to make better understood the actual teaching 
of Jesus as presented in the Gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke. Back of that 
purpose is the conviction that a better understanding of this teaching is certain 
to react in a wholesome way upon all men's religious thinking and living. The 
author's aim is evidently not so much to furnish a manual of methods as to 
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In four significant chapters the author prepares the way for an intelligent 
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ings of Jesus. 

This volume provides a unique course of study for an adult class. It guides 
in the investigation of scriptural passages and stimulates discussion. 

The student of the New Testament — ^minister, layman, or teacher — ^will find 
this a most interesting and helpful handbook. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Foreword 

Hints to Leaders 

CHAPTER 

I. Why People Study the Bible 
II. What the Bible Is 

III. The World Jesus Lived In 

IV. The Importance and the Difficulty of Knowing What Jesus Taught 
V. What Jesus Taught about Civilization 

VI. What Jesus Taught about Hate, War, and Non-Resistance 
VII. What Jesus Taught about Democracy 
VIII. What Jesus Taught about Religion 
IX. What Jesus Taught about Himself 
X. What Jesus Taught: The Hope of the World 
Index 

xxii-\-ip4 pages, cloth $1.50, postpaid $1.60 



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