Skip to main content

Full text of "Front Matter"

See other formats


STOP 



Early Journal Content on JSTOR, Free to Anyone in the World 

This article is one of nearly 500,000 scholarly works digitized and made freely available to everyone in 
the world by JSTOR. 

Known as the Early Journal Content, this set of works include research articles, news, letters, and other 
writings published in more than 200 of the oldest leading academic journals. The works date from the 
mid-seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries. 

We encourage people to read and share the Early Journal Content openly and to tell others that this 
resource exists. People may post this content online or redistribute in any way for non-commercial 
purposes. 

Read more about Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate-jstor/individuals/early- 
journal-content . 



JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people 
discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching 
platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit 
organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please 
contact support@jstor.org. 



THE 



Journal of Religion 

Continuing the BIBLICAL WORLD and the AMERICAN JOURNAL OF THEOLOGY 



Vol. I JANUARY 1921 No. 1 



The Historical Study of religion 

By Shirley Jackson Case 

The religious Breakdown of the Ministry 

By George A. Coe 

Why Do Religions Die? 

By James Bissett Pratt 

Present Tendencies in the Society of Friends in America 

By Allen C. Thomas 

The Significance of Jesus' Hope 

By Charles Henry Dickinson 

THE INDENIZATION OF CHRISTIANITY 
By Angus Stewart Woodburne 

CRUCIAL PROBLEMS IN BIBLICAL THEOLOGY 
By Frank C. Porter 

The Religious Outlook in Great Britain 

By Alfred E. Garvie 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS 

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, U.S.A. 



THE CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, London 

THE MARUZEN-KABUSHIKI-KAISHA, Tokyo, Osaka, Kyoto, Fukuoka, Sendai 

THE MISSION BOOK. COMPANY, Shanghai 



THE JOURNAL OF RELIGION 

Volume I JANUARY 1921 Number 1 



Issued by the 

DIVINITY FACULTY AND CONFERENCE OF THE 
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO 

GERALD BIRNEY SMITH 

Editor 



The Journal of Religion is published bimonthly by the University of Chi- 
cago at the University of Chicago Press, 5750 Ellis Avenue, Chicago, Illinois, in 
the months of January, March, May, July, September, and November. 5 The 
subscription price is $3.00 per year; the price of single copies is 65 cents. Orders 
for service of less than a half-year will be charged at the single-copy rate. 
5 Postage is prepaid by the publishers on all orders from the United States, Mexico, 
Cuba, Porto Rico, Panama Canal Zone, Republic of Panama, Hawaiian Islands, 
Philippine Islands, Guam, Samoan Islands, Shanghai. 5P° sta ge i s charged extra 
as follows: For Canada, 18 cents on annual subscriptions (total $3.18), on single 
copies, 3 cents (total 68 cents) ; for all other countries in the Postal Union, 30 cents 
on annual subscriptions (total $3.30), on single copies, 5 cents (total 70 cents). 
5 Patrons are requested to make all remittances payable to the University of 
Chicago Press in postal or express money orders or bank drafts. 

The following are authorized to quote the prices indicated: 

For the British Empire: The Cambridge University Press, Fetter 
Lane, London, E.C. 4, England. Yearly subscriptions, including postage, 
245. each; single copies, 4s. 6d. each. 

For Japan and Korea: The Maruzen-Kabushiki-Kaisha, ii to 16 
Nihonbashi Tori Sanchome, Tokyo, Japan. Yearly subscriptions, including 
postage, Yen 6.65 each; single copies, including postage, Yen 1.40 each. 

For China: The Mission Book Company, 13 North Szechuen Road, 
Shanghai. Yearly subscriptions, $3.00; single copies, 65 cents, or their equiva- 
lents in Chinese money. Postage extra, if mailed direct outside of Shanghai, 
on yearly subscriptions, 30 cents, on single copies, 5 cents. 
Claims for missing numbers should be made within the month following 

the regular month of publication. The publishers expect to supply missing 

numbers free only when losses have been sustained in transit and when the 

reserve stock will permit. 

Business correspondence should be addressed to The University of Chicago 

Press, Chicago, 111. 

Communications for the editor and manuscripts should be addressed to the 

Editor of The Journal of Religion, The University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 



Entry as second-class matter, applied for at the Post-office at Chicago, Illinois, under Act of March 3, 1879. 
Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Section 1103, Act of Octobers, roi7t 
authorized. on July is, 1918. 



THE JOURNAL OF RELIGION 

Vol. I CONTENTS FOR JANUARY 1921 No. 1 

THE HISTORICAL STUDY OF RELIGION 1-17 

By Shirley Jackson Case, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 

THE RELIGIOUS BREAKDOWN OF THE MINISTRY 18-29 

By Georce A. Coe, Union Theological Seminary, New York City 

PRESENT TENDENCIES IN THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS IN AMERICA . 30-46 
By Allen C. Thomas, Haverford College, Haverford, Pennsylvania 

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF JESUS' HOPE 47-65 

By Charles Henry Dickinson, Calhoun, Alabama 

THE INDENIZATION OF CHRISTIANITY 66-75 

By Angus Stewart Woodburne, Kurnool, India 

UNSOLVED PROBLEMS 76-81 

WHY DO RELIGIONS DIE? By James Bissett Pratt, Williams College, Williams- 

tovvn, Massachusetts 76 

CRUCIAL PROBLEMS IN BIBLICAL THEOLOGY. By Frank C. Porter, Yale 

University, New Haven, Connecticut 78 

CURRENT EVENTS AND DISCUSSIONS 82-95 

BOOK REVIEWS 96-106 

CIVILIZATION IN ISRAEL. By J. M. Powis Smith, University of Chicago, Chicago, 

Illinois 96 

NEW BOOKS ON EARLY CHRISTIANITY. By Shirley Jackson Case, Univer- 
sity of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 97 

JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY, AND MOHAMMEDANISM. By M. Sprengldjg, 

University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 100 

SOME LEADERS OF RECENT RELIGIOUS THINKING By Gerald Birney 

Smith, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 102 

THE PROBLEM OF GOD. By A. Eustace Haydon, University of Chicago, Chicago, 

Illinois 103 

BOOKS RECEIVED 107-112 

BOOKS REVIEWED IN THIS NUMBER 

Bertholet, Kulturgeschichte Israels 96 

Buckham, Progressive Religious Thought in America 102 

Jackson and Lake (editors), The Beginnings of Christianity. Part I. Vol. I 97 

Lake, Landmarks in the History of Early Christianity 97 

Moore, History of Religions. II. Judaism, Christianity, Mohammedanism 100 

Sorley, Moral Values and the Idea of God 103 

Weiss, Das Urchristentum 97 





Do Not Miss 

The Journal of Religion for March 

The following articles will appear : 

The Attitude of College Students toward the Church, by Professor Albert 
Parker Fitch, of Amherst College. 

Professor Fitch, as a college preacher in great demand, is exceptionally 
well acquainted with the ideals of modern students. 

The Functional Value of Doctrines of Atonement, by Dean Shailer Mathews, 
of the Divinity School of the University of Chicago. 
This article, omitted from the January issue for lack of space, furnishes 
a suggestive study of the way in which theological doctrines interpret 
existing social ideals. 

Religion and the Concept of Progress, by Professor Clarence M. Case, of 
the University of Iowa. 

Is there such a thing as progress ? Or is there simply movement ? The 
service rendered by religion in answering this question is thoughtfully pre- 
sented by Professor Case. 

The Religious Motives of Premillenarianism, by Dr. Cornelius Woelfkin, 
pastor of the Fifth Avenue Baptist Church in New York. 
Dr. Woelfkin, himself once an ardent premillenarian, gives a sympathetic 
analysis of the religious appeal of this vigorous movement in present-day 
Christianity. 

Religious Experience and the Intimate Sense, by Professor Edwin S. Starbuck, 
of the University of Iowa. 

Professor Starbuck has been making a careful study of the psychological 
factors in religious experience. This article will open a fruitful way of 
interpreting religion. 

Christianizing Assamese Folk- Ways in Marriage and Home Life, by Elizabeth 
E. Hay, Missionary to Assam. 

The problem of the social gospel in the Orient is interestingly illustrated 
in this descriptive sketch. 

The Personality of God, by Professor George Galloway, of St. Andrews 
University, Scotland. 

This study of a difficult conception by the well-known author of the 
volume on The Philosophy of Religion in the "International Theological 
Library" will be welcomed. 

The usual departments of Unsolved Problems, Current Events and 
Discussions, and Book Reviews will be maintained. 



Tell your friends about the Journal of Religion 





Who's Who in 

This Number of the Journal of Religion 

SHIRLEY JACKSON CASE ("The Historical Study of Religion"), is 
Professor of Early Church History and New Testament Interpretation 
in the University of Chicago and author of The Evolution of Early 
Christianity and The Historicity of Jesus. 

GEORGE ALBERT COE ("The Religious Breakdown of the Ministry"), 

is Professor of Practical Theology in Union Theological Seminary, New 
York City, and author of The Psychology of Religion 'and A Social Theory 
of Religious Education. 

CHARLES HENRY DICKINSON ("The Significance of Jesus' Hope"), 
is Director of Religious and Extension Work, Calhoun, Alabama, and 
author of The Christian Reconstruction of Modem Life. 

ALLEN C. THOMAS ("Present Tendencies in the Society of Friends in 
America"), was late Professor of History in Haverford College, and 
author of A History of the Society of Friends in A merica. Professor Thomas' 
death occurred while this issue of the Journal was in press. 

ANGUS STEWART WOODBURNE ("The Indianization of Christianity"), 

is a missionary in Kurnool, India, and author of The Relation between 
Religion and Science: A Biological Approach. 

JAMES BISSETT PRATT ("Why Do Religions Die?"), is Professor of 
Philosophy in Williams College and author of Psychology of Religious 
Belief and India and Its Faiths. 

ERANK CHAMBERLIN PORTER ("Crucial Problems in Biblical The- 
ology"), is Professor of Biblical Theology in Yale Divinity School and 
author of Messages of the Apocalyptical Writers. 

ALFRED ERNEST GARVIE ("The Religious Outlook in Great Britain"), 
is Principal of New College, Hampstead, England, and author of The 
Ritschlian Theology, The Christian Certainty, and other works. 



Tell your friends about the Journal of Religion 



Week-Day 
Religious Instruction 

Where can one obtain reliable information on what has been 
done, and what is now projected in this field — information 
educationally sound and based on intelligent observation ? 

The latest information on this subject is published in 
RELIGIOUS EDUCATION, the bimonthly journal 
devoted to modern and scientific work in this field. 



RELIGIOUS EDUCATION 

$4.00 annually 

Membership in The Religious Education Association, 
annual fee $4.00, entitles one to receive the magazine 
without further charge, and, also, to the service of the 
Association's Bureau of Information. 



THE RELIGIOUS EDUCATION ASSOCIATION 

1440 East Fifty-seventh Street Chicago, Illinois 



The Great Questions in which we are so deeply interested at present are moral 
questions. The war, nationalism and internationalism, family, class divisions, the just 
management of business and industry, compel thoughtful persons to look for principles. 
To study the principles involved in all lines of action is the aim of 

The International Journal of Ethics 

LEADING CONTENTS OF THE JANUARY NUMBER : 
Some Problems of Fair Competition - Frank Chapman Sharp 

Is There a Law of Human Progress? - Viicror S. Yarros 

The Genesis and Differentiation of the Moral Absolute - - J. E. Turner 

The Labor Problem from the Social Viewpoint - /. W. Howerth 

The Instinct of Workmanship and the Will to Work - - - J. D. Stoops 

Schiller and Shaftesbury ------ Allan L. Carter 

The Mother's Confessional ----- Henry S. Curtis 

Reviews and Notices of Recent Books 

Published for the Editors by THE RUMFORD PRESS, Concord, N.H. 

Chicago: JAMES H. TUFTS, University of Chicago, Manager 
London: GEORGE ALLEN & UNWIN, Ltd., 40 Museum Street, W.C. 

Entered as second-class matter October i6, 1014, at the post-office at Concord. New Hampshire, 
under the Act of March 3, 1879 

Quarterly $3.00 a year 75 cents a number 

address all lAMFQH TI TFTQ the university of Chicago 

CORRESPONDENCE TO J-rtlVldOn. lUflJ CHICAGO. ILLINOIS 



Are You Reading 

THE PERSONALIST? 

A 68-page quarterly journal of philosophy, theology 
and literature. Edited by Ralph Tyler Flewelling. 

A significant contribution to clear thinking on the cur- 
rent problems of life and thought. 

Two Dollars Per Year 



Address 

THE PERSONALIST 

University of Southern California Los Angeles 



An Important List of Books on the 

History and Philosophy of Religion and Ethics 

By Eminent Writers 



ALEXANDER, HARTLEY B. 
Religious Spirit of the American Indian 

As shown in the development of his religious rites and 
customs. Paper, 30c. 

CARUS, PAUL 
The Gospel of Buddha 

Edition de luxe. New pocket edition. Illustrated in 
old Buddhist style by Kopetzky. $1.00. 

The Dawn of a New Religious Era 

And other essays. Cloth, $1.00. 

The Pleroma 

An essay on the origin of Christianity. Cloth, $1.00; 
paper, 50c. 

God 

An inquiry into the nature of man's highest ideal 
and a solution of the problem from the standpoint of 
science. Boards, $1.00; paper, 50c. 

CORNILL, C. H. 
The Prophets of Israel 

Popular sketches from Old Testament history. Cloth, 
$1.00; paper, 50c. 

The History of the People of Israel 

From the earliest times to the destruction of Jeru- 
salem by the Romans. Cloth, $1.50. 

CUMONT, FRANZ 
The Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism 

Introduction by Grant Showerman. Cloth, $2.00. 

DELITZSCH, FRIEDRICH 
Babel and Bible 

Three lectures on the significance of Assyriological 
research for religion, embodying the most important 
criticisms and the author's replies. Translated from 
the German. Illustrated, $1.00. 

DESHUMBERT, M. 
An Ethical System Based on the Laws of 
Nature 

Translated from the French by Lionel Giles, M.A. 
With a preface by C. W. Saleeby, M.D., well-known 
writer on eugenics. Paper, 75c. 

DREWS, ARTHUR 
Witnesses to the Historicity of Jesus 

Cloth, $2.25. 



GIRAN, ETIENNE 
A Modern Job 

An essay on the problem of evil. Translated by Fred 
Rothwell. Cloth, 75c. 

LE ROY, EDOUARD 
What Is a Dogma? 

Translated by Lydia G. Robinson from the sixth French 
edition of the author's book Dogme et critique. Boards, 

MILLS, LAWRENCE H. 
Zarathushtrian Gathas 

In meter and rythm. Cloth, $2.00. 

Zarathushtra, Philo, the Achaemenids and 
Israel 

A treatise upon the antiquity and influence of the 
Avesta. Cloth, $4.00. 

Avesta Eschatology 

Compared with the Books of Daniel and Revelation. 
Boards, 50c. Strathmore paper, gilt top, 75c. 

The Yasna of the Avesta 

Vol.1. A study of Yasna I. Price, $5.00. 
Our Own Religion in Ancient Persia 

The Zend Avesta as collated with the pre-Christian 
exilic Pharisaism. Cloth, $2.00. 

PICK, BERNHARD 
The Apocryphal Acts of Peter, Paul, John, 
Andrew and Thomas 

Boards, $1.25. 

RADAU, HUGO 
Bel, the Christ of Ancient Times 

Boards, 75c. 

SINGER, IGNATIUS 
Rival Philosophies of Jesus and Paul 

Being an explanation of the failures of organized 
Christianity and a vindication of the teachings of 
Jesus, which are shown to contain a religion for all 
men and for all times. Cloth, $2.00. 

SMITH, WILLIAM BENJAMIN 
Ecce Deus 

Studies of primitive Christianity. Cloth, $2.50. 

STIX, HENRY S. 
Three Men of Judea 

Cloth, $1.00. 



RELIGIONS ANCIENT AND MODERN 



A series of brief monographs upon various systems of religion, each by an eminent 
Animism. By Edward Clodd. 
Pantheism. By J. Allanson Picton 



Hinduism. By Dr. L. D. Barnett. 
Religion of Ancient China. By Prof. 

Herbert A. Giles. 
Religion of_ Ancient Greece. By 

Jane Harrison. 
Religion of Babylonia and Assyria. 

By Theophilus G. Pinches. 
Religion of Ancient Scandinavia. 

By W. A. Craigie. 



Mythologies of Ancient Mexico and 

Peru. By Lewis Spence. 
Religion of Ancient Egypt. By W. 

M. Flinders Petrie. 
Celtic Religion. By Edward Anwyl. 
Early Buddhism. By T. W. Rhys 

Davids. 
Mythology of Ancient Britain and 

Ireland. By Charles Squire. 
Islam. By Syed Ameer Ali. 
Religion of Ancient Rome. By Cyril 

Bailey. 



author. 8vo. Cloth 50c net per volume 

Judaism. By Israel Abrahams. 
Psychological Origin and Nature of 

Religion. By James Leuba. 
Religion of Ancient Palestine. By 

Stanley A. Cook. 
Shinto, the Ancient Religion of 

Japan. By W. G. Aston. 
Early Christianity. By S. B. Slack. 
Magic and Fetishism. By Alfred 

C. Haddon. 
Mithraism. By W. J. Phythian- 

Adams. 



THE OPEN COURT PUBLISHING COMPANY 



122 S. Michigan Ave. 



Send for complete catalog 



CHICAGO, ILL. 



The Harvard Theological Review 

Published quarterly: January, April, July, October 

For the year 192 1 the editorial board of the Harvard Theologi- 
cal Review announces several changes of plan which, they 
expect, will make the Review increasingly useful to the readers 
it serves. 

Reviews of individual books will be replaced by comprehensive 
surveys of recent literature; a new department of Notes will 
afford scholars an opportunity for suggestion and comment; there 
will be surveys, by eminently qualified scholars, of theological litera- 
ture published in Germany, Switzerland, Holland, and as far as 
possible in the Scandinavian countries, since 19 14; and similar sur- 
veys in other fields, such as the History of Religions, and of pub- 
lications in English and other languages, will follow. 

Contents for January 1921: Immanence, Stoic and Christian, 
Gerald II. Rendall; The Epistola Apostolorum, by Kirsopp Lake; 
Church and Religion in Germany, by Richard Lempp; The Tombs 
of Peter and Paul Ad Catacumbas, by George LaPiana; Notes, by 
Kirsopp Lake, G. F. Moore, W. H. P. Hatch, and H. J. Cadbury. 

The subscription price remains at $2.00 



Harvard University Press 

Cambridge 38, Mass. 

Please enter my subscription ($2.00 a year) to the Harvard Theological 
Review beginning January 192 1. 

Name 

Address 



Proceedings of the 

National Conference of Social Work 

(Formerly, National Conference of Charities and Correction) 

Forty-seventh Annual Session, Held in New Orleans, Louisiana 

April 14-21, 1920 

At the forty-seventh annual session of the National Conference of 
Social Work (formerly the National Conference of Charities and Correction), 
held in New Orleans in April, 1920, the president of the Conference, Mr. 
Owen R. Lovejoy, said in the opening address: "The race is old enough to 
have abolished poverty so that humanity could devote some of its energy 
to a higher pursuit than the mere search for food. But poverty has not 
been abolished. More money and effort will be expended this year than 
in any previous year in the world's history to alleviate the distresses of 
poverty and to cure injuries that have already been done. The world is 
in tragic need of social engineers, or adventurers into the rich realm of 
possibility and freedom. But they must be adventurers who are willing 
to teach and not to dictate." 

This keynote to the discussions of the most significant meeting in the 
history of the Conference was repeated in many other addresses which 
were given by leaders in the various phases of philanthropic social work. 
Among the addresses contained in this volume are those by Jane Addams, 
on "The Spirit of Social Service"; Felix Adler, on "The Next Step to Be 
Taken by the National Child Labor Committee"; Hastings H. Hart, on 
"The Place of State Surveys in Framing State Legislation"; Sherman C. 
Kingsley, on "Interpretative Publicity"; C. J. Galpin, on "Signs of Rural 
Hope"; E. G. Routzahn, on "The Elements of a Social Educational Pub- 
licity Campaign"; and Robert E. Park, on "Foreign Language Press and 
Social Progress." 

CONTENTS 

A. General Sessions. Pages 3- 88 

B. Section Meetings. Pages 91-502 

Division I. Children 

Division II. Delinquents and Correction 

Division III. Health 

Division IV. Public Agencies and Institutions 

Division V. The Family 

Division VI. Industrial and Economic Problems 

Division VII. The Local Community 

Division VIII. Mental Hygiene 

Division IX. Organization op Social Forces 

Division X. The Uniting op Native and Foreign- 
born in America 

C. Business Transactions. Pages 505-15 

D. Index. Pages 5 19-24 

530 pages, crown Svo, cloth $3.30, postpaid $3.63 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS 

Chicago Illinois