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ioo THE JOURNAL OF RELIGION
attention of the proofreaders should be called to a particular typo-
graphical error four times repeated in the citation of authorities
(pp. 277, 298, 325; Landmarks, p. 20), the promise of a bibliography
(p. 81) to appear at the end of the volume is not fulfilled, and apparently
the sub-heading on page 171 should be carried into the margin. But
all in all the volume is a delight to the eye.
Shirley Jackson Case
University of Chicago
JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY, AND MOHAMMEDANISM
With the appearance of the second volume 1 George Foot Moore's
History of Religions is now complete. The promise of the first volume
is more than fulfilled. To speak in superlatives about a book which
one enjoys greatly is a strong temptation, but to yield to the temptation
in this instance would appear to the reviewer to be a distinct weakness.
It is one of those rare productions of the restless modern press, a masterly
book; its pages are replete with evidences of many years of keen and
diligent labors; it exhibits especially in its first two sections which are
of greatest interest to us in that they are powerful factors in our own
little corner of the world, a fullness and security of grasp rarely attained.
He who seeks fundamental information about the rise and growth
of the great forces called Judaism and Christianity, from dim antiquity
down to the confusing complex of the most modern world, cannot
do better than to begin with this book. Packed with information, as
every page is, the reading is nevertheless smooth and of unflagging
interest throughout. The space at the author's disposal restricted
him necessarily to clear and concise statement of essentials only, and
he has never once yielded to the dangerous, if scholarly, temptation
to stray into alluring bypaths. In other words, to the reviewer's mind
most of what is essential is here found and little or nothing that is
Not much that is new is said on the earlier phases of Hebrew religion
and Judaism, but what could safely be placed in such a compendium
has for the most part found its place. LuckenbilFs "On Israel's
Origins," (American Journal of Theology, XXII , 24-53) and
J. M. P. Smith's "Southern Influences upon Hebrew Prophecy,"
(American Journal of Semitic Languages, XXXV , 1-19) probably
appeared too late for use; otherwise the coming to maturity of a new
1 History of Religions. II. Judaism, Christianity, Mohammedanism. By George
Foot Moore. New York: Scribner, 1910. (International Theological Library).
xvi+552 pages. $3.00.
BOOK REVIEWS 101
trend in investigation succeeding the Wellhausen schema would probably
have been signalized in this portion of the book. On the other hand the
ease and mastery with which the author threads his way through the
intricate mazes of medieval and modern Jewish thought and feeling
in a scant 26 pages (81-106) is admirable (why is Husik's History of
Medieval Jewish Philosophy not mentioned?).
The high point of art and mastery to the reviewer's mind is reached
in the chapter on the apostolic age of Christianity (chap, v, pp.
107-59). The reviewer knows no other similar statement, which sets
forth so clearly and succinctly the manner in which Christianity emerged
from the Judaism and Hellenism of its time. And thence through no
less thorny paths than in the case of Judaism, with unerring mastery
George Foot Moore leads us to our own time. Just one note of rather
sardonic criticism of one of the most modern trends of Christianity
jars a bit (p. 379, last paragraph); what is said there has in it more
than a modicum of truth, but the saying of it with the same cool,
even-handed sobriety which elsewhere rules throughout the volume
might have been more helpful.
The section on Mohammedanism is good, very good, indeed. But
here, after all, the fact, that the author is not so completely on his own
ground as in the previous sections tells, however slightly. Space forbids
a full statement of the reviewer's differences with the book at this
point. Just a few examples can be adduced. Jewish slaves do seem
to have been rare in Mecca (p. 389). Was Ah really an early believer
(p. 391) ? Can Islam be said to have made real progress at Medina
before Mohammed's advent (p. 392) ? A fair number of similar ques-
tions might be asked in regard to the earliest history of Mohammedanism.
Not all of these could safely be answered in a sense contrary to that of
the author. The fact is that many of them have not yet been suffi-
ciently examined to make any statement quite safe. George Foot
Moore's statements do, however, appear to the reviewer frequently
to lean not only to the safe, but rather distinctly to the over-conservative
side at this point. In the case of Ghazali, it seems to the reviewer,
that his place in the history of philosophy is not brought out quite
clearly enough. But with it all, for this section as well as for the others
the reviewer stands by his judgment. This is a masterly book, which
deserves and will deserve for a long time to come, careful attention at
the hands of every interested amateur and professional student of
religion and religions.
University op Chicago