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attention of the proofreaders should be called to a particular typo- 
graphical error four times repeated in the citation of authorities 
(pp. 277, 298, 325; Landmarks, p. 20), the promise of a bibliography 
(p. 81) to appear at the end of the volume is not fulfilled, and apparently 
the sub-heading on page 171 should be carried into the margin. But 
all in all the volume is a delight to the eye. 

Shirley Jackson Case 
University of Chicago 


With the appearance of the second volume 1 George Foot Moore's 
History of Religions is now complete. The promise of the first volume 
is more than fulfilled. To speak in superlatives about a book which 
one enjoys greatly is a strong temptation, but to yield to the temptation 
in this instance would appear to the reviewer to be a distinct weakness. 
It is one of those rare productions of the restless modern press, a masterly 
book; its pages are replete with evidences of many years of keen and 
diligent labors; it exhibits especially in its first two sections which are 
of greatest interest to us in that they are powerful factors in our own 
little corner of the world, a fullness and security of grasp rarely attained. 

He who seeks fundamental information about the rise and growth 
of the great forces called Judaism and Christianity, from dim antiquity 
down to the confusing complex of the most modern world, cannot 
do better than to begin with this book. Packed with information, as 
every page is, the reading is nevertheless smooth and of unflagging 
interest throughout. The space at the author's disposal restricted 
him necessarily to clear and concise statement of essentials only, and 
he has never once yielded to the dangerous, if scholarly, temptation 
to stray into alluring bypaths. In other words, to the reviewer's mind 
most of what is essential is here found and little or nothing that is 
not essential. 

Not much that is new is said on the earlier phases of Hebrew religion 
and Judaism, but what could safely be placed in such a compendium 
has for the most part found its place. LuckenbilFs "On Israel's 
Origins," (American Journal of Theology, XXII [1918], 24-53) and 
J. M. P. Smith's "Southern Influences upon Hebrew Prophecy," 
(American Journal of Semitic Languages, XXXV [1918], 1-19) probably 
appeared too late for use; otherwise the coming to maturity of a new 

1 History of Religions. II. Judaism, Christianity, Mohammedanism. By George 
Foot Moore. New York: Scribner, 1910. (International Theological Library). 
xvi+552 pages. $3.00. 


trend in investigation succeeding the Wellhausen schema would probably 
have been signalized in this portion of the book. On the other hand the 
ease and mastery with which the author threads his way through the 
intricate mazes of medieval and modern Jewish thought and feeling 
in a scant 26 pages (81-106) is admirable (why is Husik's History of 
Medieval Jewish Philosophy not mentioned?). 

The high point of art and mastery to the reviewer's mind is reached 
in the chapter on the apostolic age of Christianity (chap, v, pp. 
107-59). The reviewer knows no other similar statement, which sets 
forth so clearly and succinctly the manner in which Christianity emerged 
from the Judaism and Hellenism of its time. And thence through no 
less thorny paths than in the case of Judaism, with unerring mastery 
George Foot Moore leads us to our own time. Just one note of rather 
sardonic criticism of one of the most modern trends of Christianity 
jars a bit (p. 379, last paragraph); what is said there has in it more 
than a modicum of truth, but the saying of it with the same cool, 
even-handed sobriety which elsewhere rules throughout the volume 
might have been more helpful. 

The section on Mohammedanism is good, very good, indeed. But 
here, after all, the fact, that the author is not so completely on his own 
ground as in the previous sections tells, however slightly. Space forbids 
a full statement of the reviewer's differences with the book at this 
point. Just a few examples can be adduced. Jewish slaves do seem 
to have been rare in Mecca (p. 389). Was Ah really an early believer 
(p. 391) ? Can Islam be said to have made real progress at Medina 
before Mohammed's advent (p. 392) ? A fair number of similar ques- 
tions might be asked in regard to the earliest history of Mohammedanism. 
Not all of these could safely be answered in a sense contrary to that of 
the author. The fact is that many of them have not yet been suffi- 
ciently examined to make any statement quite safe. George Foot 
Moore's statements do, however, appear to the reviewer frequently 
to lean not only to the safe, but rather distinctly to the over-conservative 
side at this point. In the case of Ghazali, it seems to the reviewer, 
that his place in the history of philosophy is not brought out quite 
clearly enough. But with it all, for this section as well as for the others 
the reviewer stands by his judgment. This is a masterly book, which 
deserves and will deserve for a long time to come, careful attention at 
the hands of every interested amateur and professional student of 
religion and religions. 

M. Sprengling 

University op Chicago