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In the final period, monarchy fails; the theocracy is restored; the 
Jews accept dependence on one condition — they must be allowed to 
follow their own religion; this becomes the basis of nationality, and by 
a process of elimination of the undesirables, it makes the Jewish state 
a smaller, but a more compact social unit than ever before. In this 
period arises a new doctrine— the worth of man as man — and a new 
problem, the problem of the free individual. These take various forms 
and in one way or another are the theme of most of the literature pro- 
duced in this epoch. The four fold righteousness of the former period 
is supplemented by a new element, that of humility, and righteousness 
itself becomes the character rather than the will of God. Thus were 
the experiences of a suffering people enriched and mellowed; 

The evolution of religion was complete with Jesus, in whom the 
perfect relation of man to God was realized. Social evolution, however, 
proceeds much more slowly, and is yet far from completed realization. 
It will finally come about by the universal practice of that distinctively 
Christian social quality so perfectly exemplified by Jesus himself, the 
characteristic commonly termed love, but which this author prefers to 
call meekness. 

The writer has amassed an immense amount of material under a 
very large number of subdivisions. In most cases he has illustrated 
his theses by the citation of a number of Scripture references. When 
we keep in mind the rather limited approach he has set for himself in 
preparing the book and when we allow for the strange and somewhat 
venturesome vocabulary used in a number of places, we must credit 
the author with a seriousness of purposes and with a certain construct- 
ive result, more in the realm of biblical theology, as it seems to the 
reviewer, than in that of the social sciences. 

D. E. Thomas 

Lincoln, Nebraska 


Dr. Cadman's study of the work of preaching begins with a chapter 
on "The Scriptural Basis for Preaching," which is not an examination 
of the warrants for preaching as they are found in the Bible, but is an 
enlightening study of the homiletic values of various sections of Scripture. 
Especially valuable are the studies of the Prophets and Jesus. The 
second chapter, "Prophets and Preachers of the Christian Church," is 
far removed from an outline sketch of the history of preaching, although 
based on careful study in this field. Dr. Cadman presents the personality 

1 Ambassadors of God. S. Parkes Cadman. New York: Macmillan, 1021. 
353 Pages. $2.50. 


of Wesley vividly, as one would expect after reading the middle section 
of The Three Religious Leaders of Oxford. He says, " Study Wesley as 
you study no other modern preacher, and do this the more because a 
certain parochialism, tinctured with condescension, is occasionally to be 
detected in Puritan references to him" (p. 67). He describes the manner 
of Whitefield thus: "Truths he could neither formulate nor cast in 
literary fashion were fused within him by his glow of soul and expressed 
with fluid energy. Even the small change of discourse was reminted by 
his volcanic manner." He calls Dr. W. L. Watkinson "one of our few 
surviving great preachers." "The Modern Attitude toward Preach- 
ing" is a careful study of the popular attitude toward the pulpit today 
based upon the author's wide experience in pulpit and platform work. 
Taking a thorough inventory of the forces at work in modern life, he 
finds that there is little new or disheartening in the prejudices and mis- 
apprehensions unfavorable to preaching in the modern world. He feels 
that " the primary cause of the present dearth of pulpit influence in many 
centers, learned or otherwise, can be traced to its breach with nineteenth- 
century science" (p. 107). Also the pulpit has been too remote from 
the current social unrest and yearning, although this fault is rapidly 
being remedied. Dr. Cadman writes with wisdom on the matter of 
preaching what is called the "social gospel." He says: 

I venture to break a lance with those who contend that the advocacy of 
social righteousness should be the absorbing theme of your ministry. When 
everything has been said for it that can be said, the fact remains that the resti- 
tution of the entire man after the pattern of his Creator is the whole of which 

social righteousness is but a part At all times insist upon the New 

Testament doctrines as the absolute principles of a Christian sociology 

Many to whom you appeal exceed you in the knowledge of classes and their 
callings, of groups and their necessities; but you have the effective Word that 
covers them all as the sky over-arches the landscape. That Word should 
become by your dispensation the source of those lasting benefits for society 
which, as history demonstrates, proceed from the moral and religious changes 
effected by the Gospel in the heart of man (p. 122). 

The two following chapters are closely related in subject-matter and 
are entitled, "Cross Currents Which Affect Preaching," and "Present- 
Day Intellectualism and Preaching." Here the fine insight and the 
balanced discrimination of Dr. Cadman appear attractively. No 
preacher can read these pages without feeling that there is every incen- 
tive awaiting him and no fears to daunt him in the way as he threads 
the tangled path of modern thinking. "The best preaching you will 
achieve," says the author, "which in the long run will prove its accepta- 
bility to mind and heart, will not be that of the pietists who 
deplore scientific dominancy, not that of negativists who deny religious 


mysteries, but the preaching in which religion interprets and is interpreted 
by science; in which faith and knowledge subsist together and reenforce 
each other" (p. 175). A stimulating study of "The Nature and Ideals 
of the Christian Ministry" follows; it is filled with common-sense 
counsel, such as this: "Shun as you would a plague the clerical manner- 
ism which has the appearance of downfalled amiability dashed with 
professional pretentiousness" (p. 214). "Preaching: Its Preparation 
and Practice" requires two chapters and is written in a friendly and 
intimate way. The man who has been doing the work here tells his 
comrades how he has done it. One is sensitive to the note of reality in 
this section; the counsels grow out of experience. At best, however, 
there is not much to be said in the field of technique over what has been 
put in form by" Phelps and Broadus. It is interesting to see how another 
man works. It is comforting to hear him tell his brethren to study 
Bunyan and Lincoln for their terse and biting Saxon style, and then 
read his own sentences, loaded with polysyllabic Latinity. It refreshes 
one to find again the classic illustration of the preacher who can give 
counsel but cannot follow it. The next book on technique must be 
written from the standpoint of psychology, evaluating all methods 
according to the nature of the preacher and the congregation, and using 
the last results in psychological and pedagogical research. Until then, 
such chapters as these, valuable as they are, will only rehearse the mas- 
ters with the added factor of fresh personal experience. The final 
chapter is on "Preaching and Worship," and is wisely constructive in 
its exaltation of worship as the paramount activity of the church and 
its minister. The volume as a whole is one of the most stimulating of 
recent homiletical studies. It does not possess the compass or solidity 
of Dr. Garvie's new book, but it is a thorough piece of work. 

Ozora S. Davis 

Chicago Theological Seminary 

Professor Hoyt brings together here thirteen papers consisting of 
biographical studies and essays, designed to show that the preachers of 
the Christian gospel have exerted a deep and potent influence in the 
development of American life. The first paper is on "The Puritan 
Preacher," a discerning study of the sources of power in the earliest 
American preaching. Then follow chapters on Edwards, Lyman 
Beecher, Channing, Bushnell, Henry Ward Beecher, and Brooks, each 
proportioned well and indicating the ways in which the preaching of 

1 The Pulpit and American Life. Arthur S. Hoyt. New York: Macmillan, 
1921. xii+286 pages.