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366 Historical Notices. 

filius Alex, de Hamerton eis vendidit. Ita quod ego vel heredes mei 
versus predictas dues bovatas nichil exigere possumus aliquo 
tempore occasione alicujus debiti quod predictus Alanus unquam 
nobis debuit ab initio seculi usque ad finem seculi. 

" In cujus rei testimoniam presens scriptum littera mea Ebrayca 

A. Neubauer. 

Sleep and Death. — (The Midrash and the §««?•'««.) —There is a 
very beautiful Midrash in Ecba Rabbalhi on the verse in Lamenta- 
tions iii. 25 : " They are new every morning, great is thy faithful- 
ness." " We know from this," says a Talmudical teacher, " that just as 
God renews our life every morning after our sleep every night, so he 
will quicken the dead after their last sleep." We read, too, in the 
Qiir'an Sura 6, verse 60 : " It is he who causeth you to sleep by night, 
and knoweth what ye merit by day ; he also awaketh you therein, 
that the fixed term of your lives may be fulfilled ; then unto him 
shall ye return and he shall declare unto that which ye have wrought." 
Beidhawi, ia his recognised commentary on the Qur'an, remarks on 
this passage that Mohammed uses the verb Tawaffa, which really 
means "to cause to die,"' in the sense of sleeping, and the verb 
'• Ba'atha" which really means to " quicken the dead," in the sense of 
awaking from sleep, and he draws attention to the analogy which 
exists between sleep and death, our awakening every morning, and 
our resurrection to the life hereafter. We have no evidence of the 
borrowing of this passage. Men with their minds directed to the 
same subject over and over again attain the same results. 

L. M. Simmons.