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Gritical Notices. 771 

Censur und Confiscation hebr'discher BUeher im Kirchemtaate. Auf 
G-rund der Inquisitions-Akten in der Vaticaua und Vallicellana 
dargestellt von Dr. A. Berliner. (Frankfurt a.M., 1891. 8vo.) 

If the censorship of books deserves a history, Dr. Berliner has made a 
very good beginning, by giving the of&cial lists of Hebrew books which 
were confiscated after searching for them in private houses at Rome, 
TJrbino, Ancona, Sinigaglio, Pesaro, Lugo, Ferrara, and Avignon, 
from 1753 to 1754. In the introduction, Dr Berliner gives a sketch 
of the decrees against the spread of heretical and suspicious books 
from 1542 to 1753. A complete history of this matter can only be 
made when all Hebrew books and MSS. of Italian origin in various 
libraries shall have been examined, and the names of the censors who 
gave permission to keep the books after having blotted out the 
so-called blasphemous passages shall have been noted, as well as the 
titles of the works. Will it ever be done ? We doubt it. 

A. N. 

Judentlmm und Christenthum und ihre Zukunft. Von Dr. A. F. 
Berner, Profei-sor an der Universitat Berlin (licipzig, 1891). 

An old friend in Berlin has sent me a pamphlet bearing the above 
title, with the suggestion that it should receive, as in his opinion it 
deserves, a sympathetic notice in the pages of this Review. The 
importance of Professor Berner's pamphlet, or rather lecture — for it 
was originally delivered at the Berliner Unions- Verein on Jan. 30th, 
1891 — lies, I should imagine, less in its contents than in the fact of 
its authurship. For that a full-blown ordentlieher German professor 
should speak words of thoughtful recognition concerning modern Juda- 
ism, and even urge that modern Christianity would in one direction be 
the better for a Judaising purification, is, I fancy, a strange and un- 
usual phenomenon. 

For its own sake, too, the pamphlet is worth reading and noticing, 
as one more expression of the numberless religious voices which are 
DOW making themselves heard throughout the civilised world. That 
it is a reprint of a lecture perhaps accounts for its extraordinary 
arrangement. It consists of a number of comparatively isolated 
jottings, which form anything but an artistic whole. Of its thirty-six 
pages the first twenty-three are introductory to the last thirteen. 
But these twenty-three, though thoy are, of course, nure or loss con- 
nected with the essential thirteen, do not lead up to them so necessarily 
that one cannot well conceive their place being taken by another