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596 The Jewish (Quarterly Review. 

The Responsum commuaicated by Dr. Neubauer (as above, pp. 222-3) 
is of great importance. He not only confirms the assumption of 
Graetz (IIistory,Y. 300-311), that the scholars taken captive by the 
Admiral Ibn Rumalis were Babylonians,' but also the conjecture of 
Prof. Kaufmann {Magazin, by Berliner, V. pp. IQ-IS), that they came 
from Purabadita. Neubauer has correctly identified apP^ the one 
addressed, as D*D3 |3, who, in this case, as in others, is styled eiPN. 
Cf . Kobak's Jeshurun (Hebrew) VIII. 57, in which I called attention 
to the Responsa ntUJ mon, No. 135 : v\'h^ 3py* nio, and I now add 
Responsa ny\VT\ nySJ*, No. 71 : V't V3N mpn HlW 1J»n, and Or 
Sarua, II. 110; No. 234: V3N fll^N DSJ'3 D»D3 "\. 

Now, if the one addressed be Jacob ben Nissim, it seems to me that 
the respondent is, beyond doubt, R. Schevira, who also addressed his 
well-known epistle to Jacob b. Nissim (cf. Neubauer Mediaval Jewish 
Chronicles, Preface, p. xi.). Here (p. 223) he says: nnOSJ' 13»31 

miK'3 ^a-h in^osj' nh) njmh ):b ihudb' i6 p 'h'h) w^B' n3*E'»3 

2n3*K'* h'£f nniB'n K^B'D n^na. Then Schemaria was in the Academy 
of Pumbadita, in which at the time Scheraira was not yet Gaon, but 
Ab-bet-Din (cf. Rapoport in Buach' a Jahrtuch, 1844-5, p. 264); and, 
consequently, the other scholars, who were his fellow-travellers and 
were taken prisoners with him, were also from Pumbadita. 

S. J. Halberstam. 

1 Contrary to J. H. Weiss, Zur Oeschiehte der jiid. Tradition, IV. 266. 
Cf. also Besturi's Magazin II. 26, III. 171, XL 139. 

' Cf. my remarks in Kobak's Jeshurun, V. 139, concerning the informa- 
tion of R. Nathan. Perhaps there is acme sort of connection between 
these three rows in the academy and the three Dn3n mentioned there.