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Notes and Discussion. 527 

mentary Midrash, and applied the same title to that on Daniel, Ezra, 
Nehemiah, and Chronicles, which is to be found in a Vatican MS , 
Assemani, No. xcvii., because he put together Midrashic passages con- 
cerning these books. The editor has shown his usual skill in editing the 
MS. as well as in the learned preface. He mentions a commentary by 
Samuel Masnuth on the Book of Kings, existing among the MSS. of the 
Vatican library, which, we believe, is not the case ; from whom Herr 
Buber had this information he does not say, neither does he give 
the number of the MS. Another mistake is the date which 
the editor assigns to the author of the commentary, viz., the 
thirteenth century, and he makes him an inhabitant of Aleppo. 
Herr Buber quotes as his authority the late Dr. Zunz, who, 
on the authority of Judah al-Harizi, says that Samuel is mentioned 
as being at Aleppo in 1218. Harizi, however, only mentions Samuel 
ben E>X"in R. Nisim, without the epithet of JIUDO, which our author bears. 
Besides he is called in the colophons of the Vatican MS., Samuel, son 
of R. Nisim, of Sicily, dwelling at Toledo. Herr Buber does not know 

how to explain the words n?tD^>lD D3H02 v'pV, saying " perhaps Nisim 
was a native of Sicily, dwelling in Toledo, and finally emigrated, he or 

his son Samuel, to Aleppo"; he suggests also that v»pi? may possibly be 
a family name. The MS., No. 361, of the Vatican Library will, how- 
ever, show that Samuel's brother Isaac lived in the fifteenth century. 
It contains an Arabic treatise, beginning with the following words : 

*,>iaj?K!?Xl ^sW>S |'3 p~\*bx ; it was copied by David ben Elijah, the 

physician, for (1133;!) R. Isaac, the physician, son of R. Nisim JpTH 
ni3DD JHTH rP'l. The third opus of the same MS., which contains a 
vocabulary of plants in Arabic and Latin, was written by the same scribe for 

("1133^) Berechiah, the physician, son of R. Moses 'T13D TlDp JHTn }ptn ; 
the copy was finished at Palermo, Tuesday, the 29th of the month Si wan, 
5102=1442. Isaac Masnuth accordingly dwelt at Palermo, and his 
brother Samuel, our author, went to Toledo. Consequently the Samuel 
al-Barkuli, to whom Harizi dedicated his book called 'JlODnn, according 
to the editions and some MS., cannot be identical with our author. 

What ^>lp"l3 means is not certain, but it is most likely the name of a 
locality or a district of a locality. 

A. N. 



Shtars in Merton College, Oxford. — Mr. W. H. Stevenson, who is 
making a catalogue of the deeds belonging to Merton College, was kiud 
enough to communicate to me three Hebrew deeds. 

1st. The one published by Mr. Davis (Hebrew Deeds, No. 204, page 
369), according to Tovey's Anglia Judaica, where the text is not quite 
correct. It has been reprinted, according to the original in the Notes on 
the Jems at Oxford (Vol. II. of the Collectanea of the Oxford His- 
torical Society, p. 303). 

2nd. No. 1,099 B. ix. with Thomas Bodley's Latin translation, made 
the 3rd of August. 1574. The parties concerned are William de 
Watville, Maestre Walther de Merton, and Aaron, son of Abram, who 



528 Jetoish Quarterly Review. 

acknowledged to have received the 58 pounds from the above-mentioned, 
date 29 Henry III., 1244. The following is the Hebrew text :— 

t by bwn nd^od ^nbipy n-iiDJ nNtin mm hdd amnn ox 
rumyi n^ono nnx 3ino ny"6 nxr pa^» awn }iD"mon -i^dij nib^d 
njio^i awno nnx SQ^njn^ t ^>y 6 3"n n'-n nd^:i iniNt? d^> 
n ;v6n my^ni? p^n n:DD2» »02> ^>yi nd'po inix B2> ^>y M2>j? jno^ 
ny"6 nxr boom i^ sor ^ona ny-ian p? hjodb' trnaife of "ni 
ewh ^ o ;nv i^dh p nan ^on oonx nwW> D"3 nac pa«& 
bodP n:cn nb y"> D»sm boe> b6b6 pi t^ '1 nam nnnp ^p»o 
nnm:n i^> naiotyn pi amp: bod6 d$> mtyy rwon ™b6i amps 

V» BJ"2> ^ B02> "13 ^"11^1 ^ BO^J»E> WI1^>1 KQ^J 3ipj^> T11KJ 

nyi^> b»i naipan rns^oo d»b6k> rot? bpv vvh ^nno jitsw pr an » 
pr ^3ts> pi bb 'rao 3ip:n amnn ho nxtso t& 'n anix -inysc 
ni b^> b^j rootle anin »tm^ in i^> iB>y vanv is nd^>o aipansy 
^>y in zh 'n Doipjno nin»xn ns3>* -ipnd in n^yo^ iiqnb> 103 not? 
roo "-v aipun anno <N3^ ix i»tm^> in nqSj 3ip^> nDO^> > »bhi» ^yi 
boot!' nb 'n 'ipano oivn nw vbv nw p axi mnioi mitaa t^> 
nd^o npjn nnan^» a»Ntn 'tsnvi on ?x nbynb iiexs? ioa a>3ipa 
b^> ruDB> 3ipano nay pr ^>3D £>b tub 3ipan NB^-oiTxn t by vtjnio 
ait? n^>y n^> -ay pr inx nr^ y3T<? pi pin mnj/m n^yt? n3trni 
a^iyo vnnxB dies' n^i t»oij npjn^ nyn^> ts»»i h d ampin ^>y nity 
^y nyiyh. bt®h )biv xb nn dib* nnvi »3K^i noiwo ^ D»a»n rn nS 
niD^DD ^" ruK' ^p'o ^"^ ly a^iy nsnao vtrw ^y n^i n^ou npan 

: ^nonn ^nninz' noi naipan 
b-qn p pns 

Aaron, son of Abram, is probably identical with the Aaron who signed 
with others the Sbetar published by Mr. Davis, No. 194 and 195 
(pp. 357 and 358). Mr. Davis has another Aaron, son of Abram, in a 
Nottingham deed, No. 138 (page 279). I read in this deed Aaron, son. 
of Menahem. 

3rd. No. 2297, before St. Michel, 31 Henry III. 1247. Demise from 
Ealph de Amundevill 'to Walter of Merton, in Latin, signed — 

: nDN Kins' 2 ,-6yc6 unit? no ^>3E> mio p»niXD pn» on 

4th. No. 2423, c. 1260. A grant from Stephen of Chenduit to Walter 
of Merton, of Manors of Chetydon and Ybbeston (Ibston), Bucks and 
Oxford. 

venial iits-con Ttaw tv? ^n u^noi otdds> dhid noo D^inn unaN 
^>13^ in b n^js* nbw\ nny^i myTyi nynni. jh ^3 inso bin3^>i 
^n ninnon ay anarpni t3nis3B>3iN ^33 njnde'I'n ])bo by b nvni> 

1 Follows bw? crossel out 2 In a duplicate JWS. 



Notes and Discussion. 529 

tb> n*nt5> 3m dip nb^byo ninnon bo dj> on33*pn iSbs S3H3*o*p jta 
-ins jix Diea is ns*nn3 is onms 13^> 3**n ens on3«*pn ssvoe^s 
1300 -pjn ni3itan "iob 'ip3n -1*013 tb> *3 -inys ibid ny 3^>iy nsnso 
noikin ^>y »^> 3**n "ipjn S3i*02»s n*ne» d*ddi nmn bo renvoi 
pnx p tswo hwn > D**n uonn n.sn ibid ly n^iy nsnso '*3ip3n 

5th. No. 1,146, Hayyim fil Delcresse gives up all claim of tenements 
and /tomes at Birbek in Leicestershire and elsewhere to the chief of the 
house of the scholars of Merton to the scholars and socitores, belong- 
ing to Sir Robert de Farci, at the request of Sir Walther de Merton, 
formerly Chancellor of the King, dated the 8th St. Peter in Cathedra, 
56 Henry III., 1272. 

There are two copies of the Hebrew text, one of which is more correct 
than the other. I give the text arranged from the two documents, 
with the variations. 

On the outside we read the following Latin name of Hayyim : " Ock 
Hagin, Judaeus, London. 1 ' 

n*3D ioie6 *n^>noi *moB;? miD3 nsnm mio noo mnnn *3S 
p bo nnV<? vrvvnm&b) mpo miso vrvbipmb) s3io-i*oo »en**^>ipe>s 
ypnpn bo bv "b nvnb brow 'h n*ns> *my2>i n^>i3*i mynyi ny*3n 
D*y*30 DH2> Dipo boo nnns tnuo-iiaxi e>**oisi 3 e>¥i3-iiasni 03*03*01 
-\v\& '*3ip3nB> »nnn« nioiposi <-ion*^i 'pana Tya ^r 03*03*0 mis'? 
-1**013 -i*e> n^paa *vnan on*3n i*e> nmm n3*nao D*p*tno en**%:>e>sni 
♦ssnv s^>i *3S bis sb> pa "i^on 133ns n**W3ip naa n*ns? s3ioi*on 
ypnp ims ^y am ny*3n dip nyiy^i yun^> niayai *nso san dib> s^>i 
o-pan "W aip3n2> ain Die> r\b*byo «e>xi30-iiBsni e>**oisi 03*03*01 
na*nna is omna *Km*^> ix *ni3s^> is ^ ia**nn3 rem* is rnus is 
nxnso pn^ is *sn pso e>a*n3n*x n3*n dibo ins ?}ix Die>3 is 
3in oyoo *ins Die> is nSy3 nmn* is **nn* me> dki ibid ly nSy 
-ioie»n ^y 3in Die» ^>se»*i S3* mn*o 3in 8 Die» n^ys is *im* oea 
03*03*01 yp-ip 'ipsn n^ys DnSe» eme»*e'ie' ^>y is 'ip3n en**^ipK>Nm 
in i*ni3S is on*3n i*b> 'ip3nB> 3in dib> maya b>¥130-iibki b»**dini 
nns nmn* ik hw* dik6 is *Eni*^ is *rm&6 is ^ i3**nn3 insni* 
is ^on 133ns n3*ri3 ins jis Dies in n3*nn3 is Drum nSys 
B»n**Spe'sni noic> 'ip3n nioa^i i*3nS ^*vn^> *khi* ^>yi *^>y *n^3p pn^> 
p 1031 D^iy^> my*3ni nmn nnis boio nnis bo in nr\b^ vnwmvrw 
*sons mtw main bo nioam n33m n^xnn niB^? *eni* !?yi *^y *n^ap 
nmn* b n33 'ip3n ^xwoniansni 03*03*01 vptp mis bv 3**nn3 nns 
^>s^ ibw o*sons bo n33i ibid nyi D^iy nsnso ttbwow ninin*i 

1 In Latin Haginus. 2 ^**i*1pB>*S, scholars. 

3 k>xi3iibsi « nyn*x*^)*i 5 nnns 

6 CV130niBSl ' one 1 * deest. 

M M 



530 The Jew&h Quarterly Review. 

n-pb w dv KDpx nirvo ain rMjn is hut aea ain oytoo 
noi }nv i^on p nan ^on urns jtdW? wi D>e>on rue> > m»npj»x 

cnpri p D"n 

A. Neubatjer. 



Pope Eugenius IV. on the Jews. — The following document was 
communicated to me by Mr. W. Bliss, employed by the British Govern- 
ment in Vatican Archives, where he found it in the Resgesta Pontificum. 
As far as I could investigate the volumes of the Bullarium, it has never 
been published. 1433, 8. Id. Feb. Universis, etc. Sicut Judeiis non 
debet esse licentia in synagogis suis ultra quam permissum est eis lege 
presumere, Ita in hiis quae concessa sunt ipsis nullum debetur preju- 
dicium sustinere. Licet igitur prefati Judei in sua magis velint duritia 
perdurare quam prophetarum veiba et suarum scripturarum Archana 
cognoscere atque ad Christianas fidei et salutis notitiam pervenire, quia 
tamen defensionem nostram et auxilium postulant et Cristianas pietatis 
mansuetudinem interpellant. Nos felicis recordationis Calixti Eugenii 
Alexandri Celestini Innocentii Gregorii Nicolai Honorii et Nicolai quarti 
Bonifacii noni Romanorum pontificum predecessorum nostrorum ves- 
tigiis inherentes ipsorum Judeorum petitionem admittimus eisque pro- 
tectionis nostras clipeum impertimur statuentes ut nullus Gristianus 
Judeos eosdem invitos vel nolentes ad Baptismum per violentiam venire 
compellat sed si quis eorum sponte ad Gristianos fidei causa couf ugerit 
postquam voluntas eis fuerit patefacta efficiatur absque aliqua calumpnia 
Gristianus, veram enim Gristianitatis fidem habere non creditur qui ad 
Cristianorum Baptisma non spontaneus sed invitus cognoscitur perve- 
nire. Nullus etiam Cristianus eorund em Judeorum personas sine Judicio 
Judicis competentis Civitatis seu Terras in qua inhabitant vnlnerare seu 
occidere vel suas illis pecunias auferre presumat aut bonas quas hactenus 
in eadem regione Civitate aut Terra habuerint consuetudines impedire 
seu mutare. Preterea in suarum festivitatum celebratione quisquam 
fustibus vel lapidibus aut alias eos nullatenus non perturbet nee aliquis 
ab eis coacta servitia exigat nisi ea quas preteritis temporibus consueve- 
rant facere seu prestare, ad hasc malorum omnium pravitati et avaritias 
obviantes decernimus ut nemo Cimiterium Judasorum mutillare vel 
minuere audeat sive obtentu pecunias effodere corpora jam humata. 
Et quoniam justa et asqua postulantibus non est denegandus assensus 
statuimus ut in terris nobis et Romanes ecclesias immediate subjectis 
omnes ordinarii provinciarum Civitatum Terrarum vel locorum Judices 
ecclesiastici seu temporales in aliis vero ecclesiastici tantum circa 
exatione collectarum et onerum per universitatem seu ab universitate 
deputatos impositorum seu imponendorum exactionem ad instantiam 
et requisitionem eorum Judeorum qui se ad earn rem deputatos 
per prefatam ipsorum universitatem docuerint jus dicere et obligates 
ad solutionem prefatarum collectarum et onerum dumtaxat cogere 
et compellere debeant auctoritate presentium Juris communis seu 
prefatorum locorum Constitutionum vel consuetudinum et aliis re- 
mediis oportunis. Cum autem valde sit consonum asquitati ut qui 
commoda non sentiunt nee debeant ipsis oneribus subjacere decernimus 
quod in quibus Civitatibus Terris et locis Judasi prasfati Civium 

~ ' m'xpj'K