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710 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 



A NEW TRANSLATION OF THE BOOK OF 
JUBILEES. 1 

Part II. 

XT. — And in the fifth year of the fourth 2 week of this jubilee, in 

the third month, in the middle of the month, Abram celebrated the 

feast of the first-fruits of the grain harvest. 2. And he offered new 

offerings on the altar, the first-fruits of the produce, unto the Lord, 

an ox and a goat and a sheep on the altar as a burnt sacrifice unto the 

Lord ; their fruit offerings and their drink offerings he offered upon 

the altar with frankincense. 3. And the Lord appeared to Abram, 

and said : " I am God Almighty ; approve thyself before me and be 

thou perfect. 4. And I will make my covenant between me and 

thee, and I will multiply thee exceedingly." 5. And Abram fell on 

his face, and God talked with him, and said : 6. " Behold my 

ordinance is with thee, and thou shalt be the father of many nations. 

7. Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name 

from henceforth, even for ever, shall be Abraham, for the father of 

many nations have I made thee. 8. And I will make thee very great, 

and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come forth from thee. 

9. And I will establish my covenant between me and thee, and thy 

seed after thee, throughout their generations, for an eternal covenant, 

to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, throughout their 

generations. 3 10. (And I will give to thee and to thy seed after thee) 4 

the land where thou sojournest, the land of Canaan, that thou 

mayest possess it for ever, and I will be their God.'' 11. And God 

said unto Abraham : " And as for thee, do thou keep my covenant, 

thou and thy seed after thee ; and circumcise every male among you, 

and circumcise your foreskins, and it shall be a token of an eternal 

covenant between me and you. 12. And the child of eight days old 

ye shall circumcise, every male throughout your generations, him that 

is born in the house, or whom ye have bought with money from any 

1 For an account of the MSS. on which this translation is based, see 
Jewish Quaeteely Ebvibw, V. 
* "Seventh," B. 'Aom. 

1 Restored from Gen. xvii. 8, being lost through print. 



The Book of Jubilees. 711 

stranger, whom ye possess, who are not of thy seed. 13. He that is 
born in thy house shall be circumcised, and those whom thou hast 
bought with money shall be circumcised, and my covenant shall be in 
your flesh for an eternal ordinance. 14. And the uncircumcised male 
who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin on the eighth day, 
that soul shall be cut off from his people, for he has broken my 
covenant.'' 15. And God said unto Abraham : " As for Sarai thy 
wife, thou shalt no more call her name Sarai, for Sarah shall be her 
name. 16. And I will bless her, and give thee a son by her, and I 
will bless him, and he will become a nation, and kings of nations will 
proceed from him." 17. And Abraham fell on his face, and rejoiced, 
and said in his heart : " Shall a son be born to him that is a hundred 
years old, and shall Sarah, who is ninety years old, bring forth ? " 
18. And Abraham said unto God : " O that Ishmael might live 
before thee ! '' 19. And God said : " Yea, and Sxrah also shall bear 
thee a son, and thou shalt call his name Isaac, and I will establish my 
covenant with him, an everlasting covenant, and for his seed after 
him. 20. And as for Ishmael also have I heard thee, and behold I 
will bless him, and make him great, and multiply him exceedingly, 
and he will beget twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation. 
21. But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will 
bear to thee, in these days, in the next year." 22. And he left off 
speaking with him, and God went up from Abraham. 23. And 
Abraham did according as God had said unto him, and he 
took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and whom 
he had bought with his money, every male in his house, and circum- 
cised the flesh of their foreskin. 24. And on the selfsame day was 
Abraham circumcised, and all the men of his house, and 
those born in the house, 1 and all those whom he had bought 
with money from the stranger, were circumcised with him. 
25. This law is for all the generations for ever, and there is no 
circumcision of the time, and no passing over one day out of the 
eight days ; for it is an eternal ordinance, ordained and written on 
the heavenly tables. 26. And every one that is born, the flesh of 
whose foreskin is not circumcised on the eighth day, belongs not to 
the children of the covenant which the Lord made with Abraham, 
for (he belongs) to the children of destruction ; nor is there, moreover, 
any sign on him that he is the Lord's, but (he is destined) to be 
destroyed and slain from the earth, and to be rooted out of the earth, 
for he has broken the covenant of the Lord our God. 27. For all 
the angels of the presence and all the angels of sanctification have 
been so created from the day of their creation, and before the angels 

1 Restored from Latin. 

zz 2 



712 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

of the presence and the angels of sanctification he hath sanctified 
Israel, that they should be with him and with his holy angels. 28. 
And do thou command the children of Israel that they observe the 
sign of this covenant for their generations as an eternal ordinance, 
and that they be not rooted out of the land. 29. For the command is 
ordained for a covenant, that they should observe it for ever among 
all the children of Israel. 30. For Ishmael and his sons and his 
brothers and Esau, the Lord did not cause to approach him, and he 
chose not amongst them because they are the children of Abraham, 
because he knew them, but he chose Israel to be his people. 31. And 
he sanctified it, and gathered it from amongst all the children of men ; 
for there are many nations and many peoples, and all are his, and 
over all hath he placed spirits in authority to lead them astray from 
him. 32. But over Israel he did not appoint any angel or spirit, for 
he alone is their ruler, and he will preserve them and require them 
at the hand of his angels and his spirits, and at the hand of everyone, 
and of all set in authority by him, 1 in order that he may preserve 
them and bless them, and that they may be his and he may be theirs 
from henceforth for ever. 33. And now I will announce unto thee 
that the children of Israel will not keep true to this ordinance, and 
they will not circumcise their sons according to all this law ; for in 
the flesh of their circumcision they will omit this circumcision of 
their sons, and all of them, sons of Belial, will leave their sons un- 
circumcised as they were born. 34. And there will be great wrath 
from the Lord against the children of Israel, because they have 
forsaken his covenant and turned aside from his word, and provoked 
and blasphemed according as they have not observed the ordinance 
of this law ; for they treat their members like the Gentiles, so that 
they may be removed and rooted out of the land. And there will be 
no pardon or forgiveness for them, so that there should be pardon 
and release from all the sin of this error for ever. 

XVI. — And on the new moon of the fourth month we appeared 
unto Abraham, at the oak of Mature, and we talked with him, and we 
announced to him that a son would be given to him by Sarah his 
wife. 2. And Sarah laughed, for she heard us speaking these words 
with Abraham, and we admonished her, and she became afraid, and 
denied that she had laughed on account of the words. 3. And we 
told her the name of her son, as his name is ordained and written in 
the heavenly tables, (i.e.) Isaac. 4. And when we returned to her at 
a set time, she conceived a son. 5. And in this month the Lord executed 
his judgments on Sodom, and Gomorrah, and S6b6im, and all the 

1 Emended. 



The Book of Jubilees. 713 

region of the Jordan, and he burned them with fire and brimstone, and 
destroyed them until this day, even as, lo, I have declared unto thee 
all their works, that they are wicked and sinners exceedingly, and that 
they have defiled themselves and committed fornication in their flesh, 
and wrought uncleanness on the earth. 6. And, in like manner, 
God will execute judgment on the places where they do according to 
the uncleanness of the Sodomites, in like manner as he judged 1 
Sodom. 7. But Lot we saved ; for God remembered Abraham, 
and sent him out from the midst of the overthrow. 8. And he 
and his daughters committed sin upon the earth, such as had not been 
on the earth since the days of Adam till his time ; for the man lay 
with his daughters. 9. And, behold, it was commanded and engraven 
concerning all his seed, on the heavenly tables, to remove them and 
root them out, and to execute judgment upon them like the judgment 
of Sodom, and to leave no seed of this man on earth on the day of con- 
demnation. 10. And in this month Abraham moved from Hebron, and 
departed and dwelt between Kadesh and Sur, in the mountains of 
Gerar. 11. And in the middle of the fifth month he moved from 
thence, and dwelt at the well of the oath. 12. And in the middle of 
the sixth month the Lord visited Sarah, and he did unto her as he 
had spoken. 13. And she conceived and bare a son in the third month, 
and in the middle of the month, at the time of which the Lord had 
spoken to Abraham, on the festival of the first fruits of the harvest, 
Isaac was born. 14. And Abraham circumcised his son on the eighth 
day : he was the first that was circumcised according to the covenant 
which is ordained for ever. 15. And in the sixth year of the fourth 
week we came to Abraham, to the well of the oath, and we appeared 
nnto him as we had told Sarah that we should return to her, and she 
conceived a son. 16. And we returned in the seventh month, and found 
Sarah pregnant before us, and we blessed him, 2 and we announced to 
him 2 all the things which had been decreed concerning him, that he 
should not die till he should beget six sons more, and should see (them) 
before he died ; but that in Isaac should his name and seed be called. 

17. And that all the seed of his sons should be G-entiles, and be 
reckoned with the G-entiles ; but from the sons of Isaac one should 
become a holy seed, and should not be reckoned among the G-entiles ; 

18. For he should become the portion of the Most High, and all his 
seed had fallen into the possession of God, that it should be unto the 
Lord* of glory 3 a people above all nations, and that it might become 

1 ABO emended. 2 Emended with Lat. 

s So AB; C gives "a treasure of glory" ; D "a people of inheritance"; 
Lat. " a holy people." We should possibly read " a people for (his) 
Cf . Ex. ix. 5 ; Deut. vii. 6 ; xiv. 2 ; xxvi. 18. 



714 The Jevnsh Quarterly Review. 

a kingdom* of priests 1 and a holy nation. 19. And we went our 
way, and we announced to Sarah all that we had told him, and they 
both rejoiced with exceeding great joy. 20. And he built there an 
altar to the Lord who had delivered him, and made him rejoice in 
the land of his sojourning, and he celebrated a festival of joy in 
this month seven days, at the altar which he had built at the well of 
the oath. 21. And he built booths for himself and for his servants 
on this festival, and he was the first to celebrate the Feast of 
Tabernacles on the earth. 22. And during these seven days he 
brought each day to the altar a burnt offering to the Lord, two oxen, 
two rams, seven sheep, one kid of the goats, for a sin offering, that he 
might atone thereby for himself and for his seed. 23. And as a peace 
offering seven rams, seven kids, seven sheep, and seven he-goats, 
and their fruit offering and their drink offering ; and 2 he burnt 
all the fat thereof on the altar, a chosen offering unto the Lord for a 
sweet smelling savour. 24. Morning and evening he burnt fragrant 
substances, frankincense and galbanum, and stackte, and nard, and 
myrrh, and spice, and costum ; all these seven he offered, crushed, 
mixed together in equal parts (and) pure. 25. And he celebrated this 
feast during seven days, rejoicing with all his heart and with all his 
soul, he and all those who were in his house, and there was no stranger 
with him, nor any that was uneircumcised. 26. And he blessed his 
Creator who had created him in his generation, for he had created 
him according to his good pleasure ; for he knew and perceived that 
from him would arise the plant of righteousness for the eternal 
generations, and from him aholy seed, so that it should become like him 
who made all things. 27. And he blessed and rejoiced, and he called 
the name of that festival the festival of the Lord, a joy acceptable 
to the most high God. 28. And we blessed him for ever, and all 
his seed after him throughout all the generations of the earth, because 
he celebrated that festival in its season, according to the testimony of 
the heavenly tables. 29. For this reason it is ordained in the 
heavenly tables concerning Israel that they shall celebrate the Feast 
of Tabernacles seven days with joy, in the seventh month, acceptable 
before the Lord — a statute for ever throughout their generations every 
year. 30. And to this there is no limit of days ; for it is ordained 
for ever regarding Israel that they should celebrate it and dwell in 
booths, and set wreaths upon their heads, and take leafy boughs, and 
willows from the brook. 31. And Abraham took branches 3 of the 
palm, and the fruit of goodly trees, and every day going round the 

1 Emended with Lat. and Ex. xix. 5, 6. 2 Emended with Lat. 

3 Emended with Lev. xxiii. 40. Eth. and Lat. texts corrupt, the former 
='•' the heart," the latter=" the glory." 



The Book of Jubilees. 715 

altar with the branches seven times [a day] in the morning, he praised 
and gave thanks to his God for all things in joy. 

XVII. — And in the first year of the fifth week Isaac was weaned in 
this jubilee, and Abraham made a great banquet in the third month, on 
the day his son Isaac was weaned. 2. And Ishmael, the son of Hagar, 
the Egyptian, was before the face of Abraham, his father, in his 
place, and Abraham rejoiced and blessed God because he saw his 
sons and had not died childless. 3. And he remembered the words 
which he had spoken to him on the day on which Lot had parted 
from him, and he rejoiced because the Lord had given him seed 
upon the earth to inherit the earth, and he blessed with all his mouth 
the Creator of all things. 4. And Sarah saw Ishmael playing* and 
dancing, 1 and Abraham rejoicing with great joy, and she became 
jealous of Ishmael and said to Abraham, " Cast out this bondwoman 
and her son ; for the son of this bondwoman will not be heir with my 
son, Isaac." 5. And the thing was grievous in Abraham's sight, 
because of his maidservant and because of his son, that he should 
drive them from him. 6. And God said to Abraham, " Let it not 
be grievous in thy sight, because of the child and because of the 
bondwoman ; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken to her 
words and do them ; for in Isaac shall thy name and seed be called. 
7. But as for the son of this bondwoman I will make him a great 
nation, because he is of thy seed. 8. And Abraham rose up early in 
the morning, and took bread and a bottle of water, and placed them 
on the shoulders of Hagar and the child, and sent her away. 9. And 
she departed and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba, and the 
water in the bottle was spent, and the child thirsted, and was not able 
to go on, and fell down. 10. And his mother took him and cast him 
under an olive tree, and went and sat her down over against him, at 
the distance of a bow-shot ; for she said, " Let me not see the death 
of my child," and as she sat she wept. 11. And an angel of God,* one 
of the holy ones, 2 said unto her, " Why weepest thou, Hagar ? Arise 
take the child, and hold him in thine hand ; for God hath heard 
thy voice, and hath seen the child." 12. And he opened 3 her eyes, and 
she saw a well of water, and she went and filled her bottle with water, 
and she gave her child to drink, and she arose and went towards the 
wilderness of Paran. 13. And the child grew and became an archer, 
and God was with him, and his mother took him a wife from among the 
daughters of Egypt. 14. And she bare him a son, and he called his 
name NSb6v6t ; for she said, " The Lord was nigh to me when I 

i Better read with Lat. and LXX. Gen. xxi. 9 " with Isaac." 
J Probably a corruption for " from heaven." Of. Gen. xsi. 17. 
3 Emended ABC. 



716 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

called upon him." 15. And it came to pass in the seventh week, in the 
first year thereof, in the first month in this jubilee, on the twelfth of 
this month, there were voices in heaven regarding Abraham, that he 
had believed all that he had promised him, and that he loved the Lord, 
and that in all his afflictions he was faithful. 16. And the prince 
Mastema came and said before God, " Behold, Abraham loves Isaac 
his son, and he delights in him above all things else ; bid him offer 
him as a burnt-offering on the altar, and thou wilt see if he will do 
this command, and thou wilt know if he is faithful in everything 
wherein thou dost try him. 17. And the Lord knew that Abraham 
was faithful in all his afflictions ; for he had tried him through his 
country and with famine, and had tried him with the wealth of kings, 
and had tried him again through his wife, when she was torn (from 
him), and with circumcision ; and had tried him through Ishmael and 
Hagar, his maid-servant, when he sent them away. 18. And in 
everything wherein he had tried him, he was found faithful, and his 
soul was not impatient, and he was not slow to act ; for he was faith- 
ful and a lover of the Lord. 

XVIII. — And God said to him, " Abraham, Abraham ; " and he 
said, " Behold, here am I." 2. And he said, " Take thy beloved son 
whom thou lovest, even Isaac, and go unto the high country, and 
offer him on one of the mountains which I will point out unto thee." 
3. And he rose early in the morning and saddled his ass, and took his 
two young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood of 
the burnt offering, and he went to the place on the third day, and he 
saw the place afar off. 4. And he came to a well of water, and he 
said to his young men, " Abide ye here with the ass, and I and the 
lad will go (yonder), and when we have worshipped we will come 
again to you." 5. And he took the wood of the burnt-offering and 
laid it on Isaac his son, and he took in his hand the fire and the 
knife, and they went both of them together to that place. 6. And 
Isaac said to his father, " Father ; " and he said, " Here am I, my 
son." And he said unto him, " Behold the fire, and the knife, and the 
wood; but where is the sheep for the burnt-offering, father ? " 7. And 
he said, " God will provide for himself a sheep for a burnt-offering, 
my son." And he drew near to the place which God had told 
him of. 1 8. And he built an altar, and he placed the wood on the 
altar, and bound Isaac his son, and placed him on the wood which 
was upon the altar, and stretched forth his hand to take the knife to 
slay Isaac his son. 9. And I stood before him, and before the 
Prince Mastema, and the Lord said, " Bid him not to lay his hand on 

' Emended with Gen. xxii. 9. MSS. " the place of the mountain of G-od." 



The Booh of Jubilees. 717 

the lad, nor to do anything to him, for I have shown that he fears the 
Lord." 10. And I called to him from heaven, and said unto him : 
" Abraham, Abraham ; " and he was terrified and said : " Behold, here 
am I." 11. And I said unto him : " Lay not thy hand upon the lad, 
neither do thou anything to him ; for now I have shown that thou 
f earest the Lord, and hast not withheld thy son, thy firstborn son> 
from me." 12. And the Prince Mastema was confounded ; and 
Abraham lifted up his eyes and looked, and beheld a ram caught* in 
the thicket 1 by his horns, and Abraham went and took the ram and 
offered it for a burnt-offering in the stead of his son. 13. And 
Abraham called that place " The Lord seeth," so that it is said " in the 
mount, The Lord seeth": that is Mount Sion. 14. And the Lord called 
Abraham by name a second time from heaven, as he had appointed 2 us 
to speak to him in the name of the Lord. 15. And he said : "By 
myself have I sworn, saith the Lord, Because thou hast done this 
thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thy firstborn son, from me, 
whom thou lovest, that in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiply- 
ing I will multiply thy seed as the stars of heaven, and as the sand 
which is on the seashore, and thy seed shall inherit the gates* of its 
enemies. 16. And in thy seed shall all nations of the earth be 
blessed, because thou hast obeyed my voice, and I have shown to all 
that thou art faithful unto me in all that I have said unto thee : go 
in peace." 17. And Abraham went to his young men, and they arose 
and went together to Beersheba, and Abraham dwelt by the well of 
the oath. 18. And he celebrated this festival every year, seven 
days with joy, and he called it the festival of the Lord after 
the seven days during which he went and returned in peace. 
19. And accordingly has it been ordained and written on the heavenly 
tables regarding Israel and its seed that they should observe this 
festival seven days with the* joy of festival. 4 

XIX. — And in the first year of the first week in the forty-second 
jubilee, Abraham returned and dwelt opposite Hebron, that is Qarj£t- 
M>&q, two weeks of years. 2. And in the first year of the third week 
of this jubilee the days of the life of Sarah were accomplished, and 
she died in K6br6n. 3. And Abraham went to mourn over her and 
bury her, and we tried him [to see] if his spirit were patient and he 
were not indignant in the words of his mouth ; and he was found 
patient in this, and was not disturbed. 4. For in patience of spirit 
he conversed with the children of Heth, to the intent that they should 

1 Emended with G-en. xxii. 13. * Emended. 

3 Literally " cities," but LXX. renders ~W& iriXets. 

4 The Lat. has in laetitia gaudentes. There is some corruption. 



718 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

give him a place in which to bury his dead. 5. And the Lord gave 
him grace before all who saw him, and he besought in gentleness the 
sons of Heth, and they gave him the land of the double cave over 
against Mamre, that is Kebrdn, for four hundred ' pieces of silver. 
6. And they besought him, saying, " Let us give it to thee for 
nothing"; but he would not take it from their hands for nothing, 
for he gave the price for the place, the money in full, and he bowed 
down before them twice, and after this he buried his dead in the 
double cave. 7. And all the days of the life of Sarah were one hun- 
dred and twenty-seven years, that is, two jubilees and four weeks 
and one year : these are the days of the years of the life of Sarah. 
8. This is the tenth trial wherewith Abraham was tried, and he was 
found faithful, patient in spirit. 9. And he said not a single word 
regarding the rumour in the land how that God said that he would 
give it to him and to his seed after him, and he begged a place there to 
bury his dead ; for he was found faithful, and was recorded on the 
heavenly tables as the friend of God. 10. And in the fourth year 
thereof he took a wife for his son Isaac, and her name was Rebecca, 
the daughter of Bethuel, the son of Nahor, the brother of Abraham, 
the sister of Laban and daughter of Bethuel ; and BethueP was 
the son of Melc£, who was the wife of Nahor, the brother of Abra- 
ham. 11. And Abraham took to himself a third wife, and her name 
was Keturah, from among the daughters of his household servants, for 
Hagar had died before Sarah. 12. And she bare him six sons, Zanbar, 
and Jaksen, and Madai, and Madan, and Ijasboq, and SeMja, in the 
second week of years. 13. And in the sixth week, in the second year 
thereof, Rebecca bare to Isaac two sons, Jacob and Esau, and Jacob 
was a smooth 3 and upright man, and Esau was fierce, a man of the 
field, and hairy, and Jacob dwelt in tents. 14. And the youths grew, 
and Jacob learned to write ; but Esau did not learn, for he was a 
man of the field and a hunter, and he learnt war, and all his deeds 
were fierce. 15. And Abraham loved Jacob, but Isaac loved Esau. 
16. And Abraham saw the deeds of Esau, and he knew that in Jacob 
should bis name and his seed be called ; and he called Rebecca, and 
gave commandment regarding Jacob, for he saw that she too loved 
Jacob much more than Esau. 17. And he said unto her: "My 
daughter, watch over my son Jacob, for he shall be in my stead on 
the earth, and for a blessing in the midst of the children of men, and 
for the glory of the whole seed of Shem. 18. For I know that the 
Lord hath chosen him to be a peculiar 4 people unto himself, above all 

1 Emended from "forty." 2 Emended. 

3 Emended. 4 Restored from Deut. vii. 6. All MSS. corrupt. 



The Book of Jubilees. 719 

peoples 1 that are upon the face of the earth. 19. And behold, Isaac 
my son loves Esan more than Jacob, but I see that thou truly lovest 
Jacob. 20. Add still further to thy goodness to him, and let thine 
eyes be upon him in love ; for he shall be a blessing unto us on the 
earth from henceforth unto all generations of the earth. 21. Let thy 
hands be strong, and let thy heart rejoice in thy son Jacob ; for I have 
loved him far beyond all my sons. He will be blessed for ever, and 
his seed will fill the whole earth. 22. If a man can number the sand of 
the earth, his seed also will be numbered. 23. And all the blessings 
wherewith the Lord hath blessed me and my seed shdl belong to 
Jacob and his seed alway. 24. And in his seed shall my name be 
blessed, and the name of my fathers, Shem, and Noah, and Enoch, 
and Mahalalel, and Enos, and Seth, and Adam. 25. And these shall 
serve to lay the foundations of heaven, and to strengthen the earth, 
and to renew all the luminaries which are in the firmament." 26. And 
he called Jacob before the eyes of Rebecca his mother, and kissed 
him, and blessed him, and said : 27. " Jacob, my beloved son, whom 
my soul loveth, may God bless thee from above the firmament, and 
may he give thee all the blessings wherewith he blessed Adam, and 
Enoch, and Noah, and Shem ; and all the things of which he told 
me, and all things which he promised to give me, may he cause to 
cleave to thee and to thy seed for ever, according to the days of heaven 
above the earth. 28. And the spirits of Mastema will not rule over 
thee or over thy seed to turn thee from the Lord, who is thy God 
from h3nceforth for ever. 29. And may the Lord God be a father 
unto thee and thou the first-born son, and the people alway. Go in 
peace, my son." 30. And they both went forth together from 
Abraham. 31. And Rebecca loved Jacob, with all her heart and 
with all her soul, very much more than Esau ; but Isaac loved Esau 
much more than Jacob. 

XX. — And in the forty-second jubilee, in the first year of the 
seventh week, Abraham called Ishmael, and his twelve sons, and 
Isaac and his two sons, and the six sons of Keturah, and their sons. 
2. And he commanded them that they should observe the path of the 
Lord ; that they should work righteousness, and love each his neigh- 
bour, and act on this manner amongst all men 2 ; that they should 
each so walk with regard to them as to do judgment and righteousness 
on the earth. 3. That they should circumcise their sons, according to 
the covenant which he had made with them, and not deviate to the 
right hand or the left of all the paths which the Lord had commanded 
us; and that we should keep ourselves from all fornication and unclean- 
ness, and renounce from amongst us all uncleanness and fornication. 

1 Restored from Latin. * Emended. 



720 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

4. And if any woman or maid commit fornication amongst yon, burn 
her with fire, and let them not commit fornication with her after 
their eyes and after their heart ; and let them not take to themselves 
wives from the daughters of Caanan ; for the seed of Canaan would be 
rooted out of the whole land. 5. And he told them of the judgment 
of the giants, and the judgment of the Sodomites, how they had been 
judged on account of their wickedness, and had died on account of 
their fornication, and uncleanness, and mutual corruption through 
f ornicatioa. 6. And guard yourselves from all fornication and un- 
cleanness, and from all pollution of sin, lest ye make our name a 
curse, and your whole life a hissing, 1 and all your sons to be destroyed 
by the sword, and ye become accursed like Sodom, and all your 
remnant become as the sons of Gomorrah. 7. I implore you, my 
sons, love the God of heaven, and cleave ye to all his command- 
ments, and walk not after their idols, and after their uncleannesses. 
8. And make not for yourselves molten or graven gods ; for they are 
vanity, and there is no spirit in them ; for they are work of (men's) 
hands, and all who trust in them, trust in nothing. Serve them not, 
nor worship them. 9. But serve ye the most high G-od, and worship 
him continually, and hope for his countenance always, and work up- 
rightness and righteousness before him, that he may direct 3 you 
and grant you his mercy, and send his rain upon you morning 
and evening, and bless all your works which ye have wrought upon 
the earth, and bless thy bread and thy water, and bless the seed of 
thy womb and the seed of thy land, and the herds of thy cattle, and 
the flocks of. thy sheep. 10. And ye shall be 3 for a blessing on the 
earth, and all nations of the earth shall desire you and bless your sons 
in my name, that they may be blessed as I am. 11. And he gave to 
Ishmael and to his sons, and to the sons of Keturah, gifts, and sent 
them away from Isaac his son, and he gave everything to Isaac his 
son. 12. And Ishmael and his sons, and the sons of Keturah and 
their sons, went together and dwelt from PMrm6n to the entering in 
of Babylon in all the land which is towards the East, facing the 
desert. 13. And these mingled with each other, and their name clave 4 
to the Arabs, 5 and (they are) Ishmaelites (to this day). 

XXI. — And in the sixth year of the seventh week of this jubilee 
Abraham called Isaac his son, and commanded him, saying : " I am 
become old, and know not the day of my death, and a am full 

1 Emended in accordance with Lat. 

2 Emended with Lat. MSS. " find pleasure in." 

3 Emended with Latin. MSS. " thou shalt be." 

4 Emended with Latin. MSS. " was called." 

5 Emended with Latin as to case. 6 Emended. 



The Book of Jubilees. 721 

of my days. 2. And behold, I am one hundred and seventy -five years 
old, and throughout all the days of my life I have remembered the 
Lord, and sought with all my heart to do his will, aud to walk up- 
rightly in all his ways. 3. My soul hated idols,* and I despised those 
that served them, and I gave my heart and spirit 1 that I might 
observe to do the will of him who created me. 4. For he is the 
living Q-od, and he is holy and faithful, and he is righteous beyond all, 
and there is with him no accepting of (men's) persons or of gifts ; 
for G-od is righteous, and executeth judgment on all those who 
transgress his commandment and despise his covenant. 5. And do 
thou, my son, observe his commandments and his ordinances and his 
judgments, and walk not after the abominations and after the graven 
images and after the molten images. 6. And eat no blood at all of 
animals or cattle, or of any bird which flies in the heaven. 7. And 
if thou dost slay a victim as an acceptable peace offering, slay ye it, 
and pour out its blood upon the altar, and all the fat of the offering 
offer on the altar with fine flour mingled 2 with oil, with its drink 
offering — offer them all together on the altar of burnt offering 3 ; it is 
a sweet savour before the Lord. 8. And 4 thou wilt place the fat of 
the thank offering on the fire which is upon the altar, 3 and 4 the fat 
which is on the belly, and all the fat upon the intestines and the two 
kidneys, and all the fat that is upon them, and upon the thighs and 
liver thou shalt remove, 5 together with the kidneys. 9. And offer 
all these for a sweet savour acceptable before the Lord, with its meat 
offering and with its drink offering, for a sweet savour the food 
of the offering unto the Lord. 10. And eat its meat on that day and 
on the second day, and let not the sun on the second day go down 
upon it till it is eaten, and let nothing be left over for the third day ; 
for it is not acceptable or well pleasing, and® let it no longer be eaten, 6 
and all who eat thereof will bring sin upon themselves ; for thus I 
have found it written in the books of my forefathers, and in the 
words of Enoch, and in the words of Noah. 11. And with all thy 
oblations thou shalt offer salt, and let not the salt of the covenant 7 be 
lacking in all thy oblations before the Lord. 12. And as regards the 
wood of the sacrifices, beware lest thou bring (other) wood for the 
altar in addition to these : cypress, defrau, 8 almond, pine, fir, 

1 Supplied from Latin Version, being lost in Eth. through homoio- 
teleuton. * Emended. 3 Emended with Latin. 

4 Emended with Latin MSS. As. s Emended in accordance with 

Lat. and Lev. iii. 10. 6 Emended. 

7 Emended with Lev. ii. 13, from " the covenant of salt." 
8 A kind of fir. 



722 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

cedar, savin, palm, 1 olive, myrrh, laurel, and citron,' juniper, 3 
and balsam. 13. And of these kinds of wood lay upon the 
altar under the sacrifice, after examining its appearance, and 
do not lay (thereon) any split or dark wood, (but) hard 
and clean, 4 without fault, a sound and new growth ; and do 
not lay (thereon) old wood, for its fragrance is gone, for there is 
no longer fragrance in it as before. 14. Besides these kinds of wood 
there is none other that thou shalt place (on the altar), for the 
fragrance is diverse, and the smell of the fragrance goes up to heaven. 
15. Observe this commandment and do it, my son, that thou mayst 
be upright in all thy deeds. 16. And at all times be clean in thy 
body, and wash thyself with water before thou approaehest to offer 
on the altar, and wash thy hands and thy feet before thou drawest 
near to the altar ; and when thou art done sacrificing, return and 
wash thy hands and thy feet. 1 7. And let no blood appear upon you 
nor upon your clothes ; be on thy guard, my son, against blood, be on 
thy guard exceedingly ; bury it in the earth. 18. And do not eat any 
blood, for it is the soul; eat no blood whatever. 19. And take no gifts for 
the blood of man, lest it be shed with impunity, without judgment ; 
for it is the blood that is shed that causes the earth to sin, and the 
earth* cannot be cleansed from the blood of man save by the blood 
of him who shed it. 20. And take no present or gift for the blood 
of man, (or) blood for blood, that thou mayest be accepted" before the 
Lord, the most high God ; for he is the defence of the good, and 
that thou mayest be preserved from all evil, and saved from every 
kind of death. 21. I see, my son, all the works of the children of 
men that they are sin and wickedness, and all their deeds are un- 
cleanness and an abomination and a pollution, and there is no 
righteousness with them. 22. Beware, lest thou shouidest walk 
in their ways and tread in their paths, and sin a sin unto death 
before the most high God, else he will hide his face from thee, 
and give thee back into the hands of thy transgression, and root 
thee out of the land, and ' thy seed likewise from under heaven, and 
thy name and thy seed will perish from the whole earth. 23. Turn 
away from all their deeds and all their uncleanness, and observe the 
ordinance of the most high God, and do his will, and be upright in all 
things. 24. And he will bless thee in all thy deeds, and will raise up 
from thee a plant of righteousness through all the earth, throughout 

1 I have taken tandq as a corruption of "13)1. 
1 I have taken qeddr as a corrupt transliteration of Kirpwv or of 
Ktparka, and omitted zasemu as corrupt. 
3 Arbat, a corrupt transliteration of apicevQoe, equal to juniper tree. 
4 Emended. 5 Emended after Dillmann. 6 Emended. 



The Book of Jubilees. 723 

all generations of the earth. And my name and thy name will not 
be forgotten (lit. ' kept silent ') nnder heaven for ever. 25. Go, my 
son, in peace. May the most high God, my God and thy God, 
strengthen thee to do his will, and may he bleas all thy seed and the 
residue of thy seed for the generations for ever, with all righteous 
blessings, so that thou mayest be a blessing on all the earth." 26. 
And he went out from him rejoicing. 

XXII.— And it came to pass in the first week in the forty-fourth 
jubilee, in the second year, that is the year in which Abraham died, 
that Isaac and Ishmael came from the well of the oath to celebrate 
the feast of weeks — that is, the feast of the first fruits of the 
harvest — to Abraham, their father, and Abraham rejoiced because 
his two sons had come. 2. For Isaac had many possessions in Beer- 
sheba, and Isaac was wont to go and see his possessions and to return 
to his father. 3. And in those days Ishmael came to see his father, 
and they both 1 came together, and Isaac offereda sacrifice for a burnt 
offering, and presented it on the altar of his father which he had 
made in Kebrdn. 4. And he offered a thankoffering and made a 
feast of joy before Ishmael, his brother : and Rebecca made new cakes 
from the new grain, and gave them to Jacob, her son, to take them to 
Abraham, his father, from the first fruits of the land, that he might 
eat and bless the Creator of all things before he died. 5. And Isaac, 
too, sent by the hand of Jacob a best thank offering, that Abraham 
might eat and drink. 6. And he eat and drank, and blessed the 
Most High God, who hath created heaven and earth, who hath made 
all the fat things of the earth, and given them to the children of 
men that they might eat and drink and bless their Creator. 7. " And 
now I give thanks unto thee, my God, because thou hast caused me 
to see this day : behold, I am one hundred three score and 
fifteen years, an old man and full of days, and all my days 
have been unto me peace. 8. The sword of the adversary has not 
overcome me in all that thou hast given me and my children 
all the days of my life until this day. 9. My God, may thy 
mercy and thy peace be upon thy servant, and u pon the seed of 
his sons, that they may be to thee a chosen nation and an 
inheritance from amongst all the nations of the earth from hence- 
forth unto all the days of the generations of the earth, unto all the 
ages." 10. And he called Jacob and said : " My son Jacob, may the 
God of all bless thee and stren gthen thee to do righteousness, and 
his will before him, and may he choose thee and thy seed that ye 
may become a people for his inheritance according to his will 

' Emended with Lat. MSS. " all." 



724 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

alway. And do thou, my son, Jacob, draw near and kiss me." 11. 
And he drew near and kissed him, and he said : " Blessed be my son 
Jacob, and all his sons, unto the Lord Most High, onto all the ages : 
may the Lord giro thee a seed of righteousness ; and through thy 
sons may he sanctify (thee) in the midst of the whole earth ; may 
nations serve thee and all the nations bow themselves before thy seed. 

12. Be strong in the presence of men and exercise (lit. ' exercising ') 
authority over all the seed of Seth. Then thy ways will be justified, 
and the ways of thy sons, so that they will become a holy nation. 

13. May the Most High G-od give them all the blessings wherewith 
he has blessed me and wherewith he blessed Noah and Adam ; may 
they rest on the sacred head (lit. " head of sanctification ") of thy 
seed from generation to generation for ever. 14. And may he cleanse 
thee from unrighteousness and impurity, 1 that he may forgive all thy 
transgressions and • thy sins of ignorance, and may he strengthen 
thee, and bless thee, and mayest thou inherit the whole earth. 15. 
And he shall renew his covenant with thee that thou mayest be to him 
a nation for his inheritance for all the ages, and that he may be to 
thee and to thy seed a G-od in truth and righteousness throughout all 
the days of the earth. 16. And do thou, my son Jacob, remember 
my words and observe the commandments of Abraham, thy father : 
separate thyself from the nations, and eat not with them, and do not 
according to their works and become not their associate ; for their 
works are unclean, and all their ways are a pollution and an abomi- 
nation and uncleanness. 17. They offer their sacrifices to the 
dead and they worship evil spirits, and they eat over the graves, 
and all their works are vanity and nothingness. 18. They have 
no heart to understand and their eyes do not see what their 
works are, and how they err in saying to a piece of wood : 
'Thou art my God,' and to a stone: 'Thou art my Lord and 
thou ark my deliverer,' and they have no heart. 19. A.nd as for 
thee, my son Jacob, may the Most High God help thee and the God 
of heaven bless thee and turn thee away from their uncleanness and 
from all their error. 20. Be thou ware, my son Jacob, of taking a wife 
from any of the seed of the daughters of Canaan ; for all his seed is 
to be rooted out of the land. 21. For, owing to the transgression of 
Ham, Canaan erred, and all his seed shall be destroyed from off the 
earth, and all the residue thereof, and none springing from him will 
escape on the day of judgment. 22. And as for all the worshippers 
of idols and the adversaries, there will be no hope for them in the 
land of the living ; for they will descend into Sheol and into the 
place of judgment will they go, and there will be no remembrance 

1 Emended in accordance with Lat. 



The Book of Jubilees. 725 

of them on the earth ; as the children of Sodom were taken away 
from the earth so will all. those who worship idols be taken away. 23. 
Fear not, my son Jacob, and be not dismayed, son of Abraham : 
may the Most High God preserve thee from destruction, and from all 
the paths of error may he deliver thee. 24. This" house have I built 
for myself that I might put my name upon it in the earth : it is 
given to thee and to thy seed for ever, and it will be named the 
house of Abraham : it is given to thee and to thy seed for ever ; for 
thou wilt build my house and establish my name before God for ever ; 
thy seed and thy name will stand throughout all generations of the 
earth." 25. And he ceased giving him commands and blessing him. 
26. And the two lay together on one bed, and Jacob slept in the 
bosom of Abraham, his father's father, and he kissed him seven 
times, and his affection and his heart rejoiced over him. 27. And he 
blessed him with all his heart and said : " The Most High God, the 
God of all, and Creator of all, who brought me forth from TJr of 
the Chaldees, that he might give me this land to inherit it for ever, 
and that I might establish a holy seed— may the Most High be 
blessed for ever." 28. And he blessed Jacob and said : " My son, in 
whom all my heart and my affection rejoice, 1 may thy grace and thy 
mercy be high over him and over his seed alway. 29. And do not 
forsake him, nor set him at nought from henceforth unto the days of 
eternity, and may thine eyes be open upon him and upon his seed, 
that thou mayst preserve him, and bless him, and mayest sanctify him 
as a nation for thine inheritance ; 30. And bless him with all thy 
blessings from henceforth unto all the days of eternity, and renew 
thy covenant and thy grace with him and with his seed according to 
all thy will unto all the generations of the earth." 

XXIII. — And he placed two fingers of Jacob on his eyes, and he 
blessed the God of gods, and he covered his face and stretched out 
his feet and slept the sleep of eternity, and was gathered to his 
fathers. 2. And all this time Jacob was lying in his bosom, and knew 
not that Abraham, his father's father, was dead. 3. And Jacob awoke 
from his sleep, and behold Abraham was cold as ice, and he said : 
" Father, father " ; but there was none that spake, and he knew that 
he was dead. 4. And he arose from his bosom and ran and told 
Rebecca, his mother ; and Rebecca went to Isaac in the night, and 
told him ; and they went together, and Jacob with them, and a lamp 
was in his hand, and when they had gone in they found Abraham 
lying dead. 5. And Isaac fell on the face of his father, and wept and 
kissed him. 6. And the voices were heard in the house of Abraham, 

1 Corrupt passage. 
VOL. VI. 3 A 



726 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

and Ishmael his son arose, and came to Abraham his father, and wept 
over Abraham his father, he and all the house of Abraham, and they 
wept with a great weeping. 7. And his sons Isaac and Ishmael 
buried him in the double cave, near Sarah his wife, and they wept 
for him forty days, all the men of his house, and Isaac and Ishmael, 
and all their sons, and all the sons of Keturah in their places ; and 
*the days of weeping 1 for Abraham were ended. 8. And he lived 
three jubilees and four weeks of years, one hundred and seventy-five 
years, and completed the days of his life, and he was old and full of 
days. 9. For the days of the forefathers [of their life] a were nine- 
teen jubilees ; and after the Flood they began to grow less than nineteen 
jubilees, and to grow old quickly ; and the days of their lives began 
to decrease* by reason of manifold tribulation and the wickedness of 
their ways, with the exception of Abraham. 10. For Abraham was 
perfect in all his deeds with the Lord, and well-pleasing in righteous- 
ness all the days of his life ; and behold, he did not complete four 
jubilees in his life, until he grew old by reason of the wickedness, and 
was fall of his days. 11. And all the generations which will 
arise from this time until the day of the great judgment will grow old 
quickly, before they complete two jubilees, and their knowledge will 
pass away from their spirit 4 [and all their knowledge will vanish 
away]. 5 12. And in those days, if a man live a jubilee and a-half of 
years, they will say regarding him : " He has lived long, and the 
greater part of his days are pain and sorrow and tribulation, and there 
is no peace : 13. For calamity follows on calamity, and wound on 
wound, and tribulation on tribulation, and evil tidings on evil tidings, 
and illness on illness, and all evil judgments such as these, one with 
another, illness and overthrow, 6 and snow and frost and ice, and fever, 
and chills, 7 and torpor, and famine, and death, and sword, and 
captivity, and all kinds of calamities and pains." 14. And all these 
will come on an evil generation, which has transgressed on the earth ; 
and their works are uncleanness and fornication, and pollution and 
abominations. 8 15. Then they will say : " The days of the fore- 
fathers were many (even), unto a thousand years, and were good ; 
but, behold, the days of our life, if a man has lived many, are seventy 
years, and, if he is strong, eighty years, and those evil, and there is no 
peace in the days of this evil generation." 16. And in that generation 
the sons will convict their fathers and their elders of sin and un- 
righteousness, and the words of their mouth and the great wicked- 
nesses which they perpetrate, and concerning their forsaking the 

1 Emended. 2 Apparently a gloss. 3 Emended by means of Lat. 

4 Emended with Lat. s A gloss, not found in Lat. 

6 Emended with Lat. ' So Lat.; Eth. uncertain. 8 Emended. 



The Book of Jubilees. 727 

covenant which the Lord made between them and him, that they 
should observe and do all his commandments and his ordinances and 
all his laws, without departing either to the right hand or the left. 
17. For all have done evil, and every mouth speaks iniquity, and all 
their works are an uncleanness and an abomination, and all their ways 
are pollution, uncleanness, and destruction. 18. Behold the earth 
will be destroyed on account of all their works, and there will be no 
seed of the vine, and no oil ; for their works are altogether faithless, 
and they will all perish together, beasts and cattle and birds, and all 
the fish of the sea, on account of the children of men. 19. And they 
will strive one with another, the young with the old, and the old with 
the young, the poor with the rich, and the lowly with the great, and 
the beggar with the prince, on account of the law and the covenant ; 
for they have forgotten his commandment, and the covenant, and the 
feasts, and the months, and the Sabbaths, and the jubilees, and all 
judgments. 20. And they will stand with bows and 1 swords and war 
to turn them back into the way ; but they will not return until much 
blood has been shed on the earth, one upon another. 21. And those 
who are saved will not return from their wickedness on the path of 
righteousness, for they will all exalt themselves to deceit and wealth, 
that they may each take all that is his neighbours's, and they will name 2 
the great name, but not in truth and not in righteousness, and they 
will defile the holy of holies with their uncleanness and the corruption 
of their pollution. 22. And a great punishment will befall the deeds 
of this generation from the Lord, and he will give them over to the 
sword and to judgment and to captivity, and to be plundered and 
devoured. 23. And he will wake up against them the sinners of the 
Gentiles, who will show them no mercy or grace, and who respect the 
person of none, neither old nor young, nor anyone, for they are 
wicked and powerful, so that they are more wicked than all the 
children of men. And they will use violence against Israel and trans- 
gression against Jacob, and much blood will be shed upon the earth, 
and there will be none to gather it and none to bury. 24. In those 
days they will cry aloud, and call and pray that they may be saved 
from the hand of the sinful Gentiles ; but none will be saved. 25. 
And the heads of the children will be white with grey hair, and a 
child of three weeks will appear as old as a man of one hundred years, 
and their stature will be destroyed by tribulation and oppression. 26. 
And in those days the children will begin to study the laws, and to 
seek the commandments, and to return to the path of righteousness. 
27. And the days of the children of men a will begin to grow many, 
and increase from generation to generation and day to day, till their 

1 Restored from Lat. 2 Emended with Lat. 3 Emended from A. 

3a 2 



728 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

days draw nigh to one thousand years, and to a greater number of 
years than (before) were their days. 28. And there will be no old mau 
nor one who is not 1 satisfied with his days, for all will be (as) children 
and youths. 29. And all their days they will complete in peace and 
in joy, and they will live, and there will be no Satan nor any evil 
destroyer ; for all their days will be days of blessing and healing. 30. 
And at that time the Lord will heal his servants, and they will rise 
up and see great peace and and drive out his 2 adversary, and the 
righteous will see and be thankful, and rejoice with joy for ever and 
ever, and will see all their judgments and all their curses on their 
enemies. 31. And their bones will rest in the earth and their spirits 
will have much joy, and they will know that it is the Lord who 
executes judgment, and shows mercy to hundreds and thousands of 
all that love him. 32. And do thou, Moses, write down these words ; 
for thus are they written, and they have recorded (them) on the 
heavenly tables for a testimony for the generations for ever. 

XXIV. — And it came to pass after the death of Abraham, that the 
Lord blessed Isaac his son, and he arose from Kebr6n and went and 
dwelt at the well of the vision in the first year of the third week of 
this jubilee, seven years. 2. And in the first year of the fourth week 
a famine began in the land, besides the first famine, which had been 
in the days of Abraham. 3. And Jacob sod lentil pottage, and Esau 
came from the field hungry. And he said to Jacob his brother : " Give 
me of this red 3 pottage." And Jacob said to him : " Give up to 
me thy pre-eminence of birthright and I will give thee bread, and 
also some of this lentil pottage." 4. And Esau said in his heart : " I 
shall die ; of what profit to me is this birthright ? " And he said to 
Jacob : " I give it to thee." 5. And Jacob said : " Swear to me, this 
day," and he sware unto him. 6. And Jacob gave his brother Esau 
bread and pottage, and he eat till he was satisfied, and Esau despised 
bis birthright ; for this reason was his name called Edom, on account 
of the red 3 pottage which Jacob gave him for. his birthright. 7. 
And Jacob became the elder, and Esau was brought down from his 
pre-eminence. 8. And the famine was over the land, and Isaac 
departed to go down into Egypt in the second year of this week, and 
went down to the king of the Philistines to Gerar, unto Abimelech. 9. 
And the Lord appeared unto him and said unto him: " Go not down into 
Egypt ; dwell in the land that I shall tell thee of, and sojourn in this 
land, and I will be with thee and bless thee. 10. For to thee and to 
thy seed will I give all this land, and I will establish my oath which I 
sware unto Abraham thy father, and I will multiply thy seed as the 

1 Restored from Is. lxv. 20. * " Their," CD. s Emended. 



The Book of Jubilees. 729 

stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all this land. 11. And in 
thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because thy 
father obeyed my voice, and kept my charge and my commandments i 
and my laws, and my ordinances, and my covenant ; and now obey 
my voice and dwell in this land." 12. And he dwelt in Gerar three 
weeks of years. 13. And Abimelech charged concerning him, and con- 
cerning all that was his, saying : " Any man that shall touch him or 
aught that is his shall surely die." 14. And Isaac waxed strong in 
Philistia, and he got imny possessions, oxen and sheep and camels 
and asses and a great household. 1 15. And he sowed in the land of 
Philistia and brought in a hundred-fold, and Isaac became ex- 
ceedingly great, and the Philistines envied him. 16. Now all the 
wells wbich the servants of Abraham had dug during the life of 
Abraham, the Philistines had stopped them after the death of 
Abraham, and filled them with earth. 17. And Abimelech said unto 
Isaac : " Go from us, for thou art much mightier than we "; and Isaac 
departed thence in the first year of the seventh week, and sojourned in 
the valley of G§r£rdn. 18. And they digged again 2 the wells of water 
which the servants of Abraham, his father, had digged, and which the 
Philistines had closed after the death of Abraham his father, and he 
called their names as Abraham his father had named them. 19. And 
the servants of Isaac dug a well in the valley, and found living water, 
and the shepherds of G@r5r6n strove with the shepherds of Isaac, 
saying : " The water 3 is ours " ; and Isaac called the name of the well 
" Perversity," because they had been perverse with them. 20. And 
they dug a second well, and they strove for that also, and he called 
its name "Enmity."* And he arose from thence and they 
digged another well, and for that they strove not, and he called the 
name of it " Room," and Isaac said : " Now the Lord hath made room 
for us, and we have increased in the land." 21. And he went up 
from thence to the well of the oath, in the first year of the first 
week in the forty-fourth jubilee. 22. And the Lord appeared to him 
that night, on the new moon of the first month, and said unto him : 
" I am the God of Abraham thy father ; fear not, for I am with thee, 
and will bless thee and will surely multiply thy seed as the sand of 
the earth, for the sake of Abraham my servant." 2$. And he built an 
altar there, which Abraham his father had first built, and he called 
upon the name of the Lord, and he offered sacrifice to the God of 
Abraham his father. 24. And they digged a well and they found 

1 The translation follows the original ITnag and its Latin rendering 
ministeriim rather than the loose Ethiopian one = " possessions." 

2 The Ethiopic presupposes exactly the same text as in Gen. xxiv. 18. 

3 Emended with Latin. * Emended from Lat. 



730 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

living water. 25. And the servants of Isaac digged another well and 
did not find water, and they went and told Isaac that they had not 
found water, and Isaac said : " I have sworn this day to the Philistines 
and this word has been announced to us." 26. And he called the 
name of this place " the well of the oath " ; for there he had sworn to 
Abimelech and Ak6zat his friend and Phlk61 the prefect of his host. 1 
27. And Isaac knew that day that under constraint he had sworn to 
make peace with them. 28. And Isaac on that day cursed the 
Philistines and said : " Cursed be the Philistines unto the day of 
wrath and indignation from the midst of all nations ; may the Lord 
make them a derision and a curse and an object of wrath and indig- 
nation in the hands of the sinful nations and in the hands of the 
Hittites. 29. And whoever escapes the sword of the enemy and the 
Hittites, may the righteous nation root out in judgment from under 
heaven ; for they will be the enemies and foes of my children through- 
out their generations 2 upon the earth. 30. And no remnant will be 
left to them, nor one that is saved on the day of the wrath of judg- 
ment ; for for destruction and rooting out and expulsion from the 
earth is the whole seed of the Philistines (reserved), and there will no 
longer be for these 3 Caphtorim a name remaining or a seed on the 
earth. 31. For though he ascend unto heaven, thence will he be 
brought down, and whithersoever he flee on earth, thence will he be 
dragged forth, and though he hide himself amongst the nations, even 
from thence will he be rooted out ; and though he descend into Sheol, 
there also shall his condemnation be great, and there also he will have 
no peace. 32. And if he go into captivity, in the hands of those that 
seek his life, they will slay him on the way, and neither name nor 
seed will be left to him on all the earth ; for into eternal malediction 
will he depart.'' 33. And thus is it written and engraved concerning 
him on the heavenly tables, to do unto him on the day of judgment, 
so that he may be rooted out of the earth. 

XXV. — And in the second year of this week in this jubilee, 
Rebecca called Jacob her son, and spake unto him, saying : " My son, 
do not take to thee a wife of the daughters of Canaan, as Esau, thy 
brother, who took him two wives of the daughters of Canaan, and 
they have embittered my soul with all their unclean deeds : for all 
their deeds are fornication and lust, and there is no righteousness with 
them, for [their deeds] are evil. 2. And I, my son, love thee exceed- 
ingly, and my heart and my affection bless thee every hour of the day 
and watch of the night. 3. And now, my son, hearken to my voice, 
and do the will of thy mother, and do not take to thee a wife of the 

1 Emended from Lat. and Gen. xxvi. 26. 

3 Emended from Lat. * Emended from Lat. 



The Booh of Jubilees. 731 

daughters of this land, save of the house of my father, and save of 
my father's family. Thou shalt take thee a wife of the house of my 
father, and the Most High God will bless thee, and thy children will 
be a righteous generation and a holy seed." 4. And then spake Jacob 
to Rebecca, his mother, and said : " Behold, mother, I am nine 1 weeks 
of years old, and I neither know nor have I touched any woman, nor 
have I betrothed myself to any, nor even thought of taking a wife of 
the daughters of Canaan. 5. For I remember, mother, the words of 
Abraham, our father, for he commanded me not to take a wife of the 
daughters of Canaan, but to take me a wife from the seed of my 
father's house and from my kindred. 6. I have heard before that 
daughters have been born to Laban, thy brother, and I have set my 
heart on them to take a wife from amongst them. 7. And for this 
reason I have guarded myself in my spirit against sinning or being 
corrupted in all my ways throughout all the days of my life ; for 
with regard to lust and fornication, Abraham, my father, gave me 
many commands. 8. And, despite all that he has commanded me, 
these two and twenty years my brother has striven with me, and 
spoken frequently to me, saying : ' My brother, take to wife a sister 
of my two wives ; but I refused to do as he has done. 9. I swear 
before thee, mother, that all the days of my life I will not take me 
a wife from the daughters of the seed of Canaan, and I will not act 
wickedly as my brother has done. 10. Fear not mother ; be assured that 
I shall do thy will and walk in uprightness, and not corrupt my ways 
for ever." 11. And thereupon she lifted up her face to heaven and 
extended the fingers of her hands, and opened her mouth and blessed 
the Most High Cod, who had created the heaven and the earth, and 
she gave him thanks and praise. 12. And she said : " Blessed be the 
Lord God, and may his holy name be blessed for ever and ever, who 
has given me Jacob as a pure son and a holy seed ; for he is thine, 
and thine shall his seed be continually and throughout all the genera- 
tions for evermore. 13. Bless him, O Lord, and place in my mouth 
the blessing of righteousness, that I may bless him." 14. And at that 
hour, when the spirit of righteousness descended into her mouth, she 
placed both her hands on the head of Jacob, and said : 15. " Blessed 
art thou, Lord of righteousness and God of the ages ; and may he bless 
thee beyond all the generations of men. May he give thee, my son, 
a path of righteousness, and reveal righteousness to thy seed. 16. 
And may he make thy sons many during thy life, and may they arise 
to the number of the months of the year, and may their sons become 
many and great ; may their numbers be more than the stars of heaven 
and than the sand of the sea. 17. And may he give them this goodly 

1 So BO. A reads " seven " ; D " two." 



732 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

land, as he said he would give it to Abraham and to his seed after him 
alway, and may they hold it [as] a possession for ever. 18. And may 
I see for thee, my son, blessed children in this my life, and a holy seed 
may all thy seed be. 19. And as the womb of thy parent gave thee 
re3t . . . .' daring her life, thus my affection blesses thee, and 
my breasts bless thee, and my mouth and my tongue praise thee 
greatly. 20. Increase and spread over the earth, and may thy seed be 
perfect in heavenly and earthly joy for ever ; and may thy seed 
rejoice, and on the great day of peace may it have peace. 21. And may 
thy name and thy seed endure to all the ages, and may the Most 
High God be their God, and may the God of righteousness dwell 
with them, and by them may his sanatuary be built unto all the ages. 
22. Blessed be he that blesseth thee, and all flesh that curseth thee 
falsely may it be cursed." 23. And she kissed him, and said to him ; 
" May the Lord of the world love thee as the heart of thy mother 
and her affection rejoice in thee and bless thee." And she ceased 
from blessing him. 

XXVI. — And in the seventh year of this week Isaac called Esau, 
his elder son, and said unto him : " I am old, my son, and behold my 
eyes are dim, so that I cannot see, and I know not the day of my 
death. 2. And now take thy hunting weapons, thy quiver and thy 
bow, and go out to the field, and hunt the venison, 2 my son, and 
make me savoury meat, such as my soul loveth, and bring it to me that 
I may eat, and that my soul may bless thee before I die." 3. But 
Rebecca heard Isaac speaking to Esau. 4. And Esau went forth early 
to the field to hunt for venison, 8 and bring home to his father. 5. 
And Rebecca called Jacob, her son, and said unto him : " Behold, I 
heard Isaac, thy father, speak unto Esau, thy brother, saying : ' Hunt 
for me, and make me savoury meat, and bring (it) to me that I may 
eat and bless thee before the Lord before I die.' 6. And now, my son, 
obey my voice in that which I command thee : Go to thy flock and fetch 
me two good kids of the goats, and I will make them savoury meat for 
thy father, such as he loves, and thou shalt bring (it) to thy father that 
he may eat and bless thee before the Lord before he die, and thou shalt 
be blessed." 7. And Jacob said to Rebecca his mother : " Mother, I 
will not withhold anything which my father would eat, and which 
would please him : only I fear, my mother, that he will recognise my 
voiceandwishtotouchme. 8. And thou kno west that I am smooth, and 
Esau, my brother, is hairy, and I shall seem to him as an evildoer, and 
as doing a deed which he had not commanded me, and he will be wroth 
with me, and I shall bring upon myself a curse, and not a blessing." 
9. And Rebecca, his mother, said unto him : " Upon me be thy curse, 

1 Unintelligible. 2 See ver. 28 note. 



The Book of Jubilees. 733 

my son, only obey my voice." 10. And Jacob obeyed the voice of 
Rebecca, his mother, and went and fetched two good and fat kids of 
the goats, and brought them to his mother, and his mother made them 
[savoury meat] such as he loved. 11. And Rebecca took the goodly 
raiment of Esau, her elder son, which was with her in the house, and 
she clothed Jacob, her younger son, with them, and she put the skins 
of the kids upon his hands, and on the exposed parti of his neck. 
12. And she gave the meat and the bread which she had prepared into 
the hand of her son Jacob. 13. And Jacob went in to his father and 
said : " I am thy son : I have done according as thou badest me : arise 
and sit and eat of my venison (lit. what I have caught), father, that 
thy soul may bless me." 14. And Isaac said to his son : " How hast 
thou found so quickly, my son?" 15. And Jacob said : "Because 
the Lord 1 thy God sent me good speed. 2 16. And Isaac said unto him : 
" Come near, that I may feel thee, my son, if thou art my son Esau 
or not.'' 17. And Jacob went near to Isaac, his father, and he felt 
him and said : 18. " The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are the 
hands of Esau,'' and he discerned him not, because it was a dispensa- 
tion from heaven to remove his power of perception (lit. " spirit ") ; 
and Isaac discerned not, for his hands were hairy as his brother 3 
Esau's, so that he blessed him. 19. And he said : " Art thou indeed 
my son Esau ? " and he said : "lam thy son " : and he said, " Bring 
near to me that I may eat of thy venison (lit. ' that which thou hast 
caught '), my son, that my soul may bless thee." 20. And he brought 
near to him, and he did eat, and he brought him wine and he drank. 
21. And Isaac, his father, said unto him : "Gome near and kiss me, 
my son." And he came near and kissed him. 22. And he smelled the 
smell of his raiment, and he blessed him and said : " Behold, the smell 
of my son is as the smell of a full 3 field which the Lord hath blessed. 
23. And may the Lord 4 give thee of the dew of heaven and of the 
fat 5 of the earth, and may he give thee plenty of corn and oil : 
let nations serve thee, and peoples bow down to thee. 24. Be lord 
over thy brethren, and let thy mother's sons bow down to thee ; and 
may all the blessings wherewith the Lord hath blessed me and blessed 
Abraham, my father, be imparted to thee and to thy seed for ever : 
cursed be every one that curseth thee, and blessed be every one that 
blesseth thee." 25. And it came to pass as soon as Isaac had made an 
end of blessing his son Jacob, and Jacob had gone forth from Isaac 
his father [(and) had hidden himself] 6 , that Esau, his brother, came 

1 Supplied from Lat. 2 Emended with Lat. 3 Added from Lat. 
4 1 omit " and multiply thee " of MSS. as an interpolation. 
5 Lit. " dew," but this word not inf requently=n-torqc. 
6 Seems a gloss. 



734 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

in from his hunting. 26. And he also made savoury meat, and brought 
(it) to his father, and said unto his father : " Let my father arise, 
and eat of my venison that thy soul may bless me." 27. And Isaac 
his father, said unto him : " "Who art thou ? " And he said unto him : 
" I am thy first born, thy son Esau : I have done as thou hast com- 
manded me." 28. And Isaac was very greatly astonished, and said : 
" Who is he that hath taken venison ' and brought (it) to me, and I 
have eaten of all before thou earnest, and have blessed him : (and) he 
shall be blessed, and all his seed for ever." 29. And it came to pass 
when Esau heard the words of his father Isaac that he cried with an 
exceeding great and bitter cry, and said unto his father : " Bless me, 
even me also, father." And he said unto him : " Thy brother came 
with guile, and hath taken away thy blessing." 30. And he said : 
" Now I know why* his name is named Jacob : behold, he hath sup- 
planted me these two times : he took away my birthright, and now he 
hath taken away my blessing." 31. And he said : "Hast thou not 
reserved a blessing fou me,;father?" and Isaac answered and said 
unto Esau : " Behold, I have made him thy lord, and all his brethren 
have I given to him for servants, and with plenty of corn and wine 
and oil have I strengthened him : and what now shall I do for thee, 
my son ? " 32. And Esau said to Isaac, his father : " Hast thou but 
one blessing, father ? Bless me, even me also, father : " and Esau 
lifted up his voice and wept. 33. And Isaac answered and said unto 
him : " Behold, of the fatness of the earth shall be thy dwelling, and 
of the dew of heaven from above. 34. And by thy sword shalt thou 
live, and thou shalt serve thy brother. And it shall come to pass 
when thou art become great, and hast shaken his yoke from off thy 
neck, thou wilt commit every sin unto death, and thy seed will be 
rooted out from under heaven." 35. And Esau threatened Jacob 
because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him, and he said 
in his heart : " May the days of mourning for my father now come, 
so that I may slay my brother Jacob." 

XXVII. — And the words of Esau, her elder son, were told to 
Rebecca in a dream, 3 and Rebecca sent and called Jacob her younger 
son, and said unto him : 2. " Behold Esau thy brother will take 
vengeance by killing thee. 3. Now, therefore, my son, obey my 
voice, and arise and flee thou to Laban, my brother, to Haran, 
and tarry with him a few days until thy brother's anger turns 

1 Lit. " That hunted and took prey," an imperfect attempt to render 
*l*X"1Sn by 6 OrjptiactQ Oripag. Of. verses 2, i. 

* False text, owing probably to corruption of rj Sucaiots into oXSa <ic- 
Hence read, " Is not his name rightly named," etc. 1 3 Omit with A. 



The Book of Jubilees. 735 

away, and he remove his anger from thee, and forget all that thou 
hast done ; then I will send and fetch thee from thence." 4. And 
Jacob said : "I am not afraid ; if he wishes to kill me, I will kill 
him." 5. But she said unto him : " Let me not be bereft of both my 
sons on one day." 6. And Jacob said to Rebecca his mother : " Be- 
hold, thou knowest that my father has become old, and does not see 
because his eyes are dull, and if I leave him it will be evil in his eyes 
because I leave him and go away from you, and my father will be 
angry, and will curse me. I will not go ; when he sends me, only 
then will I go.'' 7. And Rebecca said to Jacob : " I will go in and 
speak to him, and he will send thee away.'' 8. And Rebecca went in 
and said to Isaac : " I loathe my life because of the two daughters of 
Heth, whom Esau has taken him as wives ; and if Jacob take a wife 
from among the daughters of the land such as these, for what pur- 
pose do I further live ; for the daughters of Canaan are evil." 9. 
And Isaac called Jacob his son and blessed him, and admonished him 
and said unto him : 10. " Do not take unto thee a wife of any of the 
daughters of Canaan ; arise and go to Mesopotamia, to the house of 
Bethuel, thy mother's father, and take thee a wife from thence of the 
daughters of Laban, thy mother's brother. 11. And God Almighty 
bless thee and increase and multiply thee that thou mayest become a 
company of nations, and give thee the blessings of my father 
Abraham, to thee and to thy seed after thee, that thou mayest inherit 
the land of thy sojournings and all the land which God gave to 
Abraham : go, my son, in peace." 12. And Isaac sent Jacob away, 
and he went to Mesopotamia, to Laban the son of Bethuel the 
Syrian, the brother of Rebecca, Jacob's mother. 13. And it came 
to pass after Jacob had arisen to go to Mesopotamia that the spirit 
of Rebecca was grieved after her son, and she wept. 14. And Isaac 
said to Rebecca : " My sister, weep not on account of Jacob, my son ; 
for he has gone in peace, and in peace will he return. 15. The 
Most High God will preserve him from all evil, and will be with 
him ; for he will not forsake him all his days ; 16. For I know that 
his ways will be prospered ' in all things wherever he goes, until he 
return in peace to us, and we see him in peace. 17. Fear not on his 
account, my sister, for he is on the upright path and he is a perfect 
man : he is faithful and will not perish. Weep not." 18. And Isaac 
comforted Rebecca on aocount of her son Jacob, and blessed him. 
19. And Jacob went from the well of the oath to go to Haran on 
the first year of the second week in the forty-fourth jubilee, and he 
came to Lftz on the mountains, that is, Bethel, on the new moon of 
the first month of this week, and he came to the place at even and 

1 Emended with Lat. 



736 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

turned from the way to the west of the road that night : and he 
slept there ; for the sun had set. 20. And he took one of the stones 
of that place and laid (it at his head) under the tree, and he was 
journeying alone, and he slept. 21. And he dreamt that night, and 
behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to 
heaven, and behold, the angels of the Lord ascended and descended 
on it : and behold, the Lord stood upon it. 22. And he spake to 
Jacob and said : "Ism the Lord God of Abraham, thy father, and 
the God of Isaac ; the land whereon thou art sleeping, to thee will I 
give it, and to thy seed after thee. 23. And thy seed shall be as the 
dust of the earth, and thou wilt increase to the west and to the east, 
to the south and the north, and in thee and in thy seed shall all the 
families of the nations be blessed. 24. And behold, I will be with 
thee, and will keep thee whithersoever thou goest, and I will bring 
thee again into this land in peace ; for I will not leave thee until I 
have done everything that I told thee of." 25. And Jacob slept his 
sleep, 3 and said, "Truly this place is the house of the Lord, and I 
knew it not." And he was afraid and said : " Dreadful is this place 
which is none other than the house of the Lord, and this is the 
gate of heaven.'' 26. And Jacob arose early in the morning, and 
took the stone which he had put under his head and set it up as a 
pillar for a sign, and he poured oil upon the top of it. And he 
called the name of that place Bethel ; but the name of the place was 
Luz at the first. 27. And Jacob vowed a vow unto the Lord, say- 
ing : " If the Lord will be with me, and will keep me in this way 
that I go, and give me bread to eat and raiment to put on, so 
that I come again to my father's house in peace, then shall the 
Lord be my God, and this stone which I have set up as a pillar for 
a sign in this place, shall be the Lord's house, and of all that thou 
givest me, I will give the tenth to thee, my God. 

XXVIII. — And he went on his journey, and came to the -land of 
the east, to Laban, the brother of Rebecca, and he was with him, and 
served him for Rachel his daughter one week. 2. And in the first 
year of the third week he said unto him : " Give me my wife, for 
whom I have served thee seven years "; and Laban said unto Jacob : 
" I will give thee thy wife." 3. And Laban made a feast, and took 
Leah his elder daughter, and gave (her) to Jacob as a wife, and gave 
her Zilpah his handmaid for an handmaid ; and Jacob did not know, 
for he thought that she was Rachel. 4. And he went in unto her, and 
behold, she was Leah ; and Jacob was angry with Laban, and said 
unto him : " Why hast thou dealt thus with me ? Did not I serve 

1 We should emend " awaked out of his sleep." 



The Book of Jubilees. 737 

thee for Rachel and not for Leah ? Why hast thou wronged me ? 
Take thy daughter, and I will go ; for thou hast done evil to me." 5. 
For Jacob loved Rachel more than Leah ; for Leah's eyes were weak, 
but her form was very handsome ; but Rachel had beautiful eyes and 
a beautiful and very handsome form. 6. And Laban said to Jacob : 
" It is not so done in our country, to give the younger before the 
elder ; and it is not right to do this ; for thus it is ordained and 
written in the heavenly tables, that no one should give his younger 
daughter before he give his elder daughter, but after her the younger ; 
aEd the man who does so, they set down guilt against him in heaven, 
and none is righteous that does this thing, for this deed is evil before 
the Lord." 7. And command thou the children of Israel that they do 
not this thing ; let them neither take nor give the younger before 
they have given the elder, for it is very wicked. 8. And Laban said 
to Jacob : " Let the seven days of the feast of this one pass by, and 
I will give thee Rachel, that thou mayst serve me another seven years, 
that thou mayst pasture my sheep as thou didst in the former week." 
9. And on the day when the seven days of the feast of Leah had 
passed, Laban gave Rachel to Jacob, that he might serve him another 
seven years, and he gave to Rachel Bilhah, the sister of Zilpah, as a 
handmaid. 10. And he served yet other seven years for Rachel, for 
Leah had been given to him for nothing. 11. And the Lord opened 
the womb of Leah, and she conceived and bare Jacob a son, and he 
called his name Reuben, on the fourteenth day of the ninth month, 
in the first year of the third week. 12. Bat the womb of Rachel was 
closed, for the Lord saw that Leah was hated and Rachel loved. 13. 
And again Jacob went in unto Leah, and she conceived, and bare 
Jacob a second son, and he called his name Simeon, on the twenty- 
first of the tenth month, and in the third year of this week. 14. And 
again Jacob went in unto Leah, and she conceived, and bare him a 
third son, and he called his name Levi, in the new moon of the first 
month, in the sixth year of this week. 15. And again Jacob went in 
unto Leah, and she conceived, and bare him a fourth son, and he 
called his name Judah, on the fifteenth of the third month, in the 
first year of the fourth week. 16. And on account of all this Rachel 
envied Leah, for she did not bear, and she said to Jacob : " Give me 
children"; and Jacob said : "Have I withheld from thee the fruits 
of thy womb ? Have I forsaken thee ? " 17. And when Rachel saw 
that Leah had borne four sons to Jacob, Reuben and Simeon and 
Levi and Judah, she said unto him : " Go in unto Bilhah my hand- 
maid, and she will conceive, and bear a son unto me." 18. And she 
gave (him) Bilhah her handmaid to wife. 1 And he went in unto her, 

1 Inserted from Lat. with Gen. xxx. i. 



738 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

and she conceived, and bare him a son, and he called his name Dan, 
on the ninth of the sixth month, in the sixth year of the third week. 
19. And Jacob went in again unto Bilhah a second time, and she 
conceived, and bare Jacob another son, and Rachel called his name 
Napthali, on the fifth of the seventh month, in the second year of the 
fourth week. 20. And when Leah saw that she had become sterile 
and left bearing, she took and gave l her handmaid Zilpah to Jacob to 
wife, and she conceived, and bare a son, and Leah called his name 
Gad, on the twelfth of the eighth month, in the third year of the 
fourth jubilee. 21. And he went in again unto her, and she con- 
ceived, and bare him another son, and Leah called his name Asher, on 
the second of the eleventh month, in the fifth year of the fourth week. 
22. And Jacob went in unto Leah, and 'she conceived, and bare a son, 
and she called his name Issaohar, on the fourth of the fifth month, in 
the fourth year of the fourth week, and she gave him to a nurse. 23. 
And Jacob went in again unto her, and she conceived, and bare two 
(children), a son and a daughter, and she called the name of the son 
Zabulon, and the name of the daughter she called Dinah, in the 
seventh of the seventh month, in the sixth year of the fourth week. 

24. And the Lord was gracious to Rachel, and opened her womb, and 
she conceived, and bare a son, and she called his name Joseph, on the 
new moon of the fourth month, in the sixth year in this fourth week. 

25. And in the days when Joseph was born, Jacob said to Laban : 
" Give me my wives and my sons, and let me go to my father Isaac, 
and let me make me an house ; for I have completed the years in 
which I have served thee for thy two daughters, and I will go to the 
house of my father." 26. And Laban said to Jacob : " Tarry with me 
for thy wages, and pasture my flock for me again, and take thy wages.'' 

27. And they agreed with one another that he should give Mm as his 
wages all the offspring (lit. " sheep ") of the lambs and kids which 
were born black 8 and spotted and white, 3 (these) were to be his wages. 

28. And all the sheep brought forth ringstraked and speckled and 
variously spotted * and they brought forth again offspring like them- 
selves, and all that were spotted were Jacob's, and those which were 
not were Laban's. 29. And Jacob's possessions multiplied exceedingly, 
and he possessed sheep and oxen and asses and camels, and men- 
servants and maid-servants. 30. And Laban and his sons envied Jacob, 
and Laban took back his sheep from him, and he observed him with 
evil intent. 

1 Emended. * Emended. 

3 The Greek translator of the Jubilees here rendered \ivk6v as in LXX., 
Gen. xsx. 32. It should be SiaXtvKor, " speckled." 
* Text of ABC emended. 



The Booh of Jubilees. 739 

XXIX — And it came to pass when Rachel had borne Joseph, that 
Laban went to shear his sheep ; for they were distant from him a 
three days' journey. 2. And Jacob saw that Laban had gone to shear 
his sheep, and Jacob called Leah and Rachel, and spake kindly unto 
them that they should come with him to the land of Canaan. 3. For 
he told them all that he had seen in a dream, and all that he had 
spoken unto him that he should return to his father's house ; and they 
said : " We will go to every place whither thou goest with thee." 4. 
And Jacob blessed the God of Isaac his father, and the God of 
Abraham his father's father, and he arose and mounted his wives 
and his children, and took all his possessions and crossed the river, 
and came to the land of Gilead, and Jacob stole away unawares from 1 
Laban and told him not. 5. And in the seventh year of the fourth 
week Jacob turned (his face) toward Gilead in the first month, on 
the twenty-first. And Laban pursued after him and overtook Jacob 
in the mountain of Gilead in the third month, on the thirteenth 
thereof. 6. And the Lord did not suffer him to injure Jacob ; for 
he appeared to him in a dream by night. And Laban spake to Jacob. 
7. And on the fifteenth of those days Jacob made a feast for Laban, 
and for all who came with him, and Jacob sware to Laban that day, 
and Laban also to Jacob, that neither should cross the mountain of 
Gilead to the other* with evil purpose. 8. And he made there a heap 
for a witness ; wherefore the name of that place is called : " The heap 
of witness," after this heap. 9. But before they had called the land 
of Gilead the land of Raf ae"m ; for it was the land of the Raf a§m, and 
the Rafa§m were born (there), giants whose height was ten, nine, 
eight down to seven cubits. 10. And their habitation was from the 
land of the sons of Ammon to Mount Hermon, and the seats of their 
kingdom were Qaranaim and Astar6s, and Adraa, and Misur, and 
Bew6n. 11. And the Lord destroyed them because of the evil of their 
deeds ; for they were very malignant, and he caused 3 the Amorites 
to dwell in their stead, wicked and sinful, and there is no people 
to-day which has wrought to the full all their sins, and they have no 
longer length of life on the earth. 12. And Jacob sent away Laban, 
and he departed into Mesopotamia, the land of the East, and Jacob 
returned to the land of Gilead. 13. And he passed over the Jabbok 
in the ninth month, on the eleventh thereof. And on that day Esau, 
his brother, came to him, and he was reconciled 3 to him, and departed 
from him unto the land of Seir, but Jacob dwelt in tents. 14. And 

1 Lit. "hid the heart of," where the Eth. translator mistook (Kpwj/e for 
UXtipe, i.e., 3133* 

2 Emended. 3 Emended with Lat. 



740 The Jemsh Quarterly Review. 

in the first year of the fifth week in this jubilee he crossed the 
Jordan, and dwelt beyond the Jordan, and he pastured his sheep 
from the sea of the heap unto Bethasan, and unto D6tMim, and unto 
the oak 1 of Aqr&bSth. 15. And he sent to his father Isaac of all his 
substance, clothing, and food, and meat, and drink, and milk, and 
butter, and bread of milk, and some dates of the valley. 16. And to 
his mother Rebecca also four times a year, between the times of the 
months, between ploughing and reaping, and between autumn and the 
rain, and between the winter and spring, to the tower of Abraham. 
17. For Isaac had returned from the well of the oath and gone up to 
the tower of his father Abraham, and he dwelt there apart from his 
son Esau. 18. For in the days when Jacob went to Mesopotamia, 
Esau took to himself a wife M&alSt, the daughter of Ishmael, and he 
gathered together all the flocks of his father and his wives, and went 
up and dwelt on Mount Seir, and left Isaac his father at the well of 
the oath alone. 19. And Isaac went up from the well of the oath 
and dwelt in the tower of Abraham his father on the mountains of 
K&br6n. 20. And thither 3 Jacob sent all that he did send to his 
father and his mother from time to time, all they needed, and they 
blessed Jacob with all their heart and with all their soul. 

XXX. — And in the first year of the sixth week he went up to 
Salem, to the east of Shechem, in peace, in the fourth month. 2. 
And there they carried off Dinah, the daughter of Jacob, into the 
house of Shechem, the son of Hamor, the Hivite, the prince of the 
land, and he lay with her and defiled her, and she was a little girl, a 
child of twelve years. 3. And he besought her father and her 
brothers that she might ba given to him to wife. And Jacob and his 
sons were wroth because of the men of Shechem ; for they had de- 
filed Dinah, their sister, and they spake to them with evil intent and 
dealt deceitfully with them and beguiled them. 4. And Simeon and 
Levi came unexpectedly to Shechem and executed judgment on all 
the men of Shechem, and slew all the men whom they found in it, 
and left not a single one remaining in it : they slew all in judgment 9 
because they had dishonoured their sister Dinah. 5. And thus let it 
not again be done from henceforth that a daughter of Israel be de- 
filed ; for judgment is ordained in heaven against them that they 
should destroy with the sword all the men of the Shechetnites 
because they had wrought shame in Israel. 6. And the Lord delivered 
them into the hands of the sons of Jacob that they might extermi- 
nate them with the sword and execute judgment upon them, and that 
it might not thus again be done in Israel that a virgin of Israel should 

1 Emended. 4 Emended with Latin. 3 Corrected with Lat. 



The Book of Jubilees. 741 

be defiled. 7. And if there is any man who wishes in Israel to give 
his daughter or his sister to any man who is of the seed of the Gentiles 
he shall surely die, and they shall stone him with stones ; for he hath 
wrought shame in Israel ; and they shall burn the woman with fire, 
because she has dishonoured the name of the house of her father, 
and she shall be rooted out of Israel. 8. And let not an adulteress 
and unclean person be found in Israel throughout all the 
days of the generations of the earth ; for Israel is holy unto 
the Lord, and every man who has defiled (it) shall surely die : 
they shall stone him with stones. 9. For thus has it been ordained 
and written in the heavenly tables regarding all the seed of Israel : 
he who has defiled (it) shall surely die, and he shall be stoned with 
stones. 10. And to this law there is no limit of days, and no remission, 
nor any atonement : but the man who has defiled his daughter shall 
be rooted out in the midst of all Israel, because he has given of his 
seed to the stranger, 1 and wrought impiously so as to defile (it). 11. 
And do thou, Moses, command the children of Israel and exhort 
them not to give their daughters to the Gentiles, and not to take for 
their sons a any of the daughters of the Gentiles, for this is abomin- 
able before the Lord. 12. For this reason I have written for thee in 
the words of the Law all the deeds of the Shechemites, which they 
wrought against Dinah, and how the sons of Jacob spake, saying : 
" We will not give our daughter to a man who is uncircumcised ; for 
that were a reproach unto us." 13. And it is a reproach to Israel, to 
those who give, and to those that take the daughters of the Gentiles ; 
for this is unclean and abominable to Israel. 14. And Israel will not 
be free from this uncleanness if it has a wife of the daughters of the 
Gentiles, or has given any of its daughters to a man who is of any 
of the Gentiles. 15. For there will be plague upon plague, and curse 
upon curse, and every judgment and plague and curse will come 
if he do this thing or connive at those who commit unclean- 
ness ; or those who defile the sanctuary of the Lord ; or those who 
profane his holy name ; then shall the whole people together be 
judged for all the uncleanness and this profanation of this (man). 
16. And there will be no respect of persons [and no consideration of 
persons], 3 and no receiving at his hands of fruits and offerings and 
burnt-offerings and fat, nor will he be filled with the sweet savour, 4 so 
as to accept it : and so fare every man or woman in Israel who de- 
files the sanctuary. 17. For this reason I have commanded thee, 

1 So Lat. ; Eth. corruptly gives " Moloch." 

* Emended with Lat. from A. 
3 A gloss, Latin omits. 

* Better read with Lat., " nor will he smell the savour." 

3b 



742 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

saying : " Testify this testimony over Israel : see how the Shechem- 
ites fared and their sons, and how they were delivered into the 
hands of two sons of Jacob, and they slew them in judgment, 1 and it 
became unto them righteousness, and it is written down to them for 
righteousness. 18. And the seed of Levi was chosen for the priest- 
hood, and to be Levites, that they might minister before the Lord, as 
we, continually, and Levi will be blessed and his sons for ever ; for 
he was zealous to execute righteousness and judgment and vengeance 
on all those who arose against Israel. 19. And so they inscribe as a 
testimony in his favour on the heavenly tables blessing aud righteous- 
ness before the God of all : 20. And we remember the righteousness 
which the man fulfilled during his life, at all periods of the year ; 
until a thousand generations they will record it, and it will come to 
him and to his descendants after him, and he has been recorded on 
the heavenly tables as a friend and a righteous man. 21. All this 
account I have written for thee, and have commanded thee to 
announce it to the children of Israel, lest they commit sin and 
transgress the ordinances and break the covenant which has been 
ordained for them, and that they may fulfil it and be recorded as 
friends (of God). 22. But if they have transgressed and wrought be- 
yond all the ways of uncleanness they will be recorded on the heavenly 
tables as adversaries (of God), and they will be destroyed out of the 
book of life, and they will be recorded in the book of those who shall 
be destroyed and with those who shall be rooted out of the earth. 
23. And on the day when the sons of Jacob slew Shechetn a writing 
was recorded in their favour in heaven that they had executed 
righteousness and uprightness and vengeance on the sinners, and it 
was recorded for a blessing. 24. And they brought Dinah, their 
sister out of the house of Shechem, and they took captive everything 
that was in Shechem, their sheep and their oxen and their asses, and 
all their wealth, and all their flocks, and brought them all to their 
father Jacob. 25. And he spake to them regarding their slaughter 
of the city ; for he feared those who dwelt in the land, the Canaanites 
and the Perizzites. 26. And the dread of the Lord was upon all the 
cities which are around about Shechem, and they did not rise to 
pursue after the sons of Jacob ; for terror had fallen upon them. 

XXXI. — And on the new moon of the month Jacob spake to all 
the people of his house, saying : " Purify yourselves and change your 
garments, and let us arise and go up to Bethel, where I vowed a vow 
to him in the day when I was fleeing from the face of Esau my 
brother, because he has been with me and brought me into this land 

1 Corrected with Lat. ; Bth., " in torture." 



The Book of Jubilees. 743 

in peace, and put away the strange gods that are among you." 2. 
And they gave up 1 the strange gods and that which was in their ears 
and which was on their necks, and the idols which Rachel stole from 
Laban her father, 2 she gave wholly to Jacob. And he burnt and 
brake them to pieces and destroyed them, and hid them under an oak 
which is in the land of Shechern. 3. And he went up on the new 
moon of the seventh month to Bethel. And he built an altar at the 
place where he had slept, and he set up a pillar there, and he sent 
word to hjs father Isaac to come to him to his sacrifice, and to his 
mother Rebecca. 4. And Isaac said : " Let my son Jacob come, and 
let me see him before I die." 5. And Jacob went to his father Isaac 
and to his mother Rebecca, to the house of his father Abraham, and 
he took two of his sons with him, Levi and Judah, and he came to 
his father Isaac and to his mother Rebecca. 6. And Rebecca came 
forth from the tower to the front of it to kiss Jacob and embrace 
him ; for her spirit was alive when she heard : " Behold Jacob thy 
son has come " ; and she kissed him. 7. And she saw his two sons, and 
she recognised them, and said unto him : " Are these thy sons, my 
son ? " and she embraced them and kissed them, and blessed them, 
saying : " In you shall the seed of Abraham become illustrious, and 
ye will prove a blessing on the earth." 8. And Jacob went in to Isaac 
his father, to the chamber where he lay, and his two sons were with 
him, and he took the hand of his father, and stooping down he kissed 
him, and Isaac clung to the neck of Jacob his son, and wept upon his 
neck. 9. And the darkness left the eyes of Isaac, and he saw the two 
sons of Jacob, Levi, and Judah, and he said : " Are these thy sons, my 
son ? for they are like thee." 10. And he said unto him that they 
were truly his sons : " And thou hast truly seen that they are indeed 
my sons." 11. And they came near, and he turned and kissed them 
and embraced them both together. 12. And the spirit of prophecy 
came down into his mouth, and he took Levi by his right hand and 
Judah by his left. 13. And he turned to Levi first, and began to bless 
him first, and said : " May the God of all, the very Lord of all the ages, 
bless thee and thy children throughout all the ages. 14. And may the 
Lord give to thee and to thy seed greatness and great glory, 3 and 
cause thee and thy seed, from among all flesh, to approach him to 
serve in his sanctuary as the angels of the presence and as the holy 
ones ; (even) as they, will the seed of thy sons be for glory and 
greatness and holiness, and may he make them great in all the ages. 
15. And they will be princes and judges, and chiefs of all the seed of 
the sons of Jacob ; they will speak the word of the Lord in righteous- 

1 Emended. * Emended. 

3 Corrupt Lat. gives : Magna intellegere gloriam ejus. 
3 b 2 



744 The Jewish Quarterly Review. 

ness, and they will judge all his judgments in righteousness, and 
declare my ways to Jacob and my paths to Israel. The blessing of 
the Lord will be given in their mouths that they may bless all the 
seed of the beloved. 16. Thy mother has called thy name Levi, and 
justly has she (thus) called thy name ; thou wilt be attached to the 
Lord and be the companion of all the sons of Jacob ; let his table be 
thine, and do thou and thy sons eat thereof, and may thy table be full 
unto all generations, and may thy food not fail unto all the ages. 17. 
And let all who hate thee fall down before thee, and let all thy adver- 
saries be rooted out and perish, and blessed be he that blesses thee, 
and cursed be every nation that curses thee." 18. And to Judah he 
said : "May the Lord give thee strength and power to tread down all 
that hate thee ; be a prince, thou and one of thy sons, over the sons of 
Jacob ; may thy name and the name of thy sons go forth and traverse 
the whole earth and the countries ; then shall the G-entiles fear thy 
face, and all the nations shall quake and all the peoples shall quake. 
19. In thee may there be the help of Jacob, and in thee may there be 
found the salvation 1 of Israel. 20. And when thou sittest on the 
throne of honour, thy righteousness will prove to be 2 great peace for 
all the seed of the sons of the beloved ; blessed be he that blesseth 
thee, and all that hate thee and afflict thee and curse thee shall be 
rooted out and destroyed from the earth and be accursed." 21. And 
turning he kissed him again and embraced him, and rejoiced greatly ; 
for he had seen the sons of Jacob his son in very truth. 22. And he 
went forth from between his feet and fell down and bowed down to 
him, and he blessed them and stayed there with Isaac his father that 
night, and they eat and drank with joy. 23. And he made the two 
sons of Jacob sleep, the one on his right hand and the other on his 
left, and it was counted to him for righteousness. 24. And Jacob 
told his father everything during the night, how the Lord had shown 
him great mercy, and how he had prospered him in all his ways, and 
protected him from all evil. 25. And Isaac blessed the God of his 
father Abraham, who had not withdrawn his mercy and his righteous- 
ness from the sons of his servant Isaac. 26. And in the morning 
Jacob told his father Isaac the vow which he had vowed to the Lord, 
and the vision which he had seen, and that he had built an altar, and 
that everything was ready for the sacrifice to be made before the 
Lord as he had vowed, and that he had come to set him on an ass. 
27. And Isaac said unto Jacob his son : " I am not able to go with 
thee ; for I am old and not able to bear the way : go, my son, in 

1 Or " helper " and " Saviour." 

* So B C, or following- D, " Throne of the glory of thy righteousness, 
there will be." 



The Booh of Jubilees. 745 

peace ; for I am one hundred and sixty-five years this day ; I am no 
longer able to journey ; set thy mother (on an ass) and let her go 
with thee. 28. And I know, my son, that thou hast come on my account, 
and may this day be blessed on which thou hast seen me 'alive, and I 
also have seen thee, my son. 29. Mayest thou prosper and fulfil the 
vow which thou hast vowed ; and put not off thy vow ; for thou shalt 
be called to account as touching the vow ; now therefore make haste 
to perform it, and may he be pleased who has made all things, to 
whom thou hast vowed the vow." 30. And he said to Rebecca : " Go 
with Jacob thy son"; and Rebecca went with Jacob her son, and 
Deborah with her, and they came to Bethel. 31. And Jacob 
remembered the prayer with which his father had blessed him and his 
two sons, Levi and Judah, and he rejoiced and blessed the God of his 
fathers, Abraham and Isaac. 32. And he said : " Now I know that I 
have an eternal hope, and my sons also, before the God of all ; " and 
thus is ic ordained concerning the two ; and they have recorded it as 
an eternal testimony unto them in the heavenly tables how Isaac 
blessed them. 

R. H. Charles.