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{Third Article.) 


Three leaves, Orient. Eabb. char. 20 x 15 cm. 

The first of these fragments contains the concluding 
pages of a treatise which, in the colophon, is entitled 
al-Tamyiz. There is little doubt that the fragment is 
a relic of Saadyah's famous polemical work against Qaraite 
doctrines known under this title. 

In a recent article Dr. Poznanski gave a compilation 
of quotations from this book culled from Jefeth's 1 Bible 
Commentaries, and this up till now is all that has been 
known of this treatise. Somewhat later Dr. Harkavy 
published fragments of a similar character which, he con- 
siders, belong to the same work 2 . His evidence is not, 
however, conclusive, as will be seen from an argument 
adduced below. 

Poznanski's extracts can now, as I believe, be supple- 
mented by two more pieces: 1. the large fragment which 
forms the subject of this article ; 2. a short quotation 
contained in the fragment to be published after this, and 
dealing with the question of intercalation. 

The larger fragment reveals an attempt to show that 
the word rut? in Lev. xxiii. 15 has a different meaning 
from that which it has in other passages. For this purpose 
the author quotes two passages of the Pentateuch in which 
the same expression occurs in two consecutive sentences, 
but with a different meaning in each case. These passages 
are Lev. xxvii. 28-29, and Deut. xxviii. 47-48. Not con- 

1 J. Q. B., X, p. 246 sqq. * Ibid., XIII, p. 655 sqq. 


tent 1 with these, he looks round for instances in which 
a word has two different meanings in one verse. Such are 
to be found in Gen. i. 5 ; Lev. xiv. 41 ; Deut. xxxii. 14 ; 
Isa. i. 7 ; Jonah iii. 7 ; Koh. i. 6. Those who reject the 
double translation of Sabbath (the Qaraites), must con- 
sistently adopt a uniform translation in all these cases. 
They do not, therefore, fix Pentecost on a certain date in 
Sivan, but make it movable between the fifth and twelfth 
according to the date of the Sunday of the Passover week. 

Here the author quotes a passage from the work of a 
certain Judah of Alexandria, probably Philo Judaeus. Un- 
fortunately the passage in question is somewhat damaged, 
so that his words cannot be read with certainty. 

After this the discussion turns on the question of the 
second days of festivals with reference to Deut. iv. 2. A 
similar discussion with nearly the same arguments, and 
including an observation on legal differences between 
Palestine and the Diaspora, is to be found in Harkavy's 
fragment mentioned above. This goes rather against the 
suggestion of the latter that his fragment belongs to the 
Kitab al-Tamyw, although there is no reason to deny 
Saadyah's authorship. It is not unusual for him to discuss 
the same topic in different works with slightly varying 

The work ends as follows : " May God guide those who 
study this treatise in order to keep their hearts pure, and 
who strive after the truth, no matter whether it be far 
or near. Let them devote themselves to the Scripture and 
the Mishnah, as well as to correct meditation, that they 
may arrive at it, and remove from their hearts doubt and 
uncertainty with the help of the Merciful. Completed is 
the book entitled al-Tamyiz, and God be invoked." 


Six leaves, Orient. Rabb. char, 21 x 15 cm. 

This fragment reproduces a portion of another of Saadyah's 

1 Cf. J. Q. JR., X, p. 247, 1. 8 -J^l OTpN D 1 } >3ND. 

H 3 


anti-Qaraite works, but there is some difficulty in deciding 
which of them it is. Fortunately the circle of possibilities 
can be narrowed into so small a compass that little un- 
certainty remains. From the quotation of a passage of the 
Kitab al-Tamylz occurring in the fragment we see that 
this work is out of the question. Neither can it be the 
TDj)?N attfD because, though largely discussing calendar 
points, it also speaks of other topics as Ab%b, the fat of 
the " Tail," and Niddah regulations. It is further clear 
that the treatise was not written on the author's own 
initiative, but in order to refute the criticisms of an 
opponent. " The reason," he says, " why that ignorant man 
wrote his book was to break up the Rabbanite community." 
This unflattering title is occasionally relieved by the shorter 
one, "that man," but otherwise the tone remains urbane 
and discreet. 

Thus our fragment is part of a rejoinder to a book of 
hostile tendencies, and most probably Saadyah's Refutation 
of Ibn Saqweih, a work hitherto considered lost. Some 
positive evidence of this is given by Ibn al-Hltl (J. Q. R., 
vol. IX, p. 435)1 who says that Ibn Saqweih endeavoured 
to silence the Rabbanites on the questions of the New 
Moon, Abib, Pentecost, the " tail " and fat. 

It appears to me that both leaves of the fragment 
published by Harkavy in the article mentioned above 
belong to the same work, and not to the Kitab al-Tamylz. 
His opinion that the refutation of Ibn Saqweih was 
embodied in this work is altogether untenable, since 
this latter was evidently the book he criticized. It 
is, therefore, but natural that some of the arguments 
of the Tamylz were repeated at greater length in the 
second work 1 . I would further suggest that the second 
leaf of Harkavy's fragment belongs to the earlier part of 

1 In the quotation from Moses Ibn Ezra's fipnrrtx aura it should be read 
rripD Ja ''n* rm <s[i] vortN auro »d, otherwise the second »b would mar the 
grammatical construction. This seems also to have been Poznanski's 
opinion in J. Q. R., X, p. 245, rem. 3. 


the work; whilst the first, which contains a kind of 
summing up, belongs to the end. The fragment which 
forms the subject of these remarks almost fills the gap 
between both leaves, though probably not taken from the 
same volume, being written on paper, whilst the rest is 
written on vellum. Finally it should be observed that the 
subjects alluded to in Harkavy's fragment not only tally 
with the others, but that its aim is also to refute "that 
ignorant person" and "that man." 

As to the contents of our fragment, they first discuss the 
thirteen paragraphs of the Talmud (Sanhedrin, fol. n v0 - 
I2 r0 ), dealing with the question of intercalation. It is 
here that Saadyah again alludes to his hopes of almost 
immediate redemption of the Jews from exile 1 , based on 
his calculation of the date of the Molad of Tishri of the 
year 2448 A. M., the supposed year of the Exodus. The final 
addition, viz. a hundred and thirty years after the destruction 
of the Second Temple, being the time of the completion 
of the Mishnah, plus seven hundred years "to our own 
time," leads to the year 4658 a. m, (898 c. e.), after which 
"it is impossible that we should remain in exile much 

In answer to Ibn Saqweih's query how Rabbanite 
doctrine meets the difficulty when Passover occurs before 
there is any Abib (ripe corn) to be found, Saadyah quotes 
two replies from the Kitab al-Tamy%z, viz. 1. that on the 
basis of Rabbinic intercalation ripe corn would always be 
found when required ; 2. if it was not found prior to this 
term, we count (the Omer) accordingly, beginning with the 
sixteenth of the month which is nearest to the Omer. To 
these he now adds as third that in the time of the 
Sanhedrin the Omer may have been brought from the 
stale corn, as explained in the Talmud 2 . " Yet this man," 
he says, "does not understand their words and meanings, 
as we have shown above." 

1 See also Kitab al-Amanat, ed. Landauer, p. 234 sqq., where the calcula- 
tion is given on different lines. 2 Men. fol. 83™. 


The author then proceeds to discuss the remaining three 
points which form the end of Ibn Saqweih's book, viz. 
i. the Qarai'te contention that the fat of the tail was for- 
bidden to be eaten ; %. that Rabbanite practice, with regard 
to Niddah regulations, contradicted the Law. The fragment 
breaks off before this discussion is finished. 

Lower half of leaf, 8 x 15 cm. 

This fragment reproduces two passages of Harkavy's 
mentioned above. It shows that Saadyah's replica against 
Ibn Saqweih was frequently copied. 

T-S. 8 Ka. io 2 . 

Poi. 1 xbxi y^NDN njnD ninat? 'r pan }« rhnitaa utb inx bk , ♦ . 

rect0 331 jmkdk ronap yat? 'ip pan jn z? tmb) v p tij^n pa* hb 
nairiDN xioi>a yaxDiw yno^K n^yotyn na^n pan }n rinnif^a 
, . an )b wuvtna na^NDo^N rrin ru'-an an ^Daniw ^nax &yi>K 
php" 1 [nd]3 1^*11 Nr6rio3 BiT'etaac u^nd" 1 |n jtoi^ |Na^ nnw 
hs^N $6 ninai? yaen n3B>n mno pa anpia np xiw anjxi onb 
pa-int?» naoi hnfo mnan hn Nnanxe''' n!> nin» naD na-uy 
anpnai nnx^N di» jo *nj&N nnaN pa* d^ *pa pan ob |t< kiuk^ 
■vy w na^n mno pan jn prian ozmb -dk rai ^y kxw oroo 
nra anjN anpia xoaa ts»jjk T mnae> 'r pan \a pnan «h 
NDna^a |ro Njpna iNia 3N3dk!5 hnta ria-iKtw »ai rwniw *a no 
pntba!' n'B "uk i>n "HMt6 Nipota nyanm , 3N3dn!j 3«ita *a 
ppiDB ^a-jin p . . . . m?ia . -dn^n TDen tj Ntomrw TDan pmiNjn» 
. omsn jo n-inv new Din 5>a «!> b»n ann 1 " new Din i>a ik i?nD 
yjpN o^> •oxa Ta s iN nx mayi 7-n^N « nx msy t?i> -ib>k nnn i>nDi 
en 1 - iix^ ovfoj »npi mm into p)OQ kwm pan «» natal lina 

Foi. 1 nan ni^a ata ay ana ata Dy xifK mm . of npa w 3iy wi 

Terso naanoa] nootyi nnix a^ais ant nvw n^ao ysp 1 ' nun nto swni 


!>jn nnn i^n trew , noiso iDyia 11 b», i^on oytaD trew [onr 
Kf^xnDNi nin ^ nircn k» nay ni>pa Tfla i>NaK>Ki . nnn at? wia-ao 
PPidb '•si pidb is pmitono ron3tj>i rae>n pan jk naaoa d^b 
nin pa fi^Dn^N n»^> "j^i nin jo wt? n^m s^aao aon-roam 

DIO fi-lV3J)i>« "VJJ DDT" D$> n^> H^K 33D^K KDK1 $>nK?n "'B 'OKyK&N 

p n$>pani> rian "£i p$>ya* onmai paiwao^K jnb jvd nnt? p ciii>yo 
qv a" 1 ' ^«i jvd^n is dwk 'n p pa 1 - jn tia> na« pinpi dv ^n dv 
tbs> *ioata n^oyriDNB myai nDafo p nnaiw dv anp 3Dn nan 
pVi na naMy k«»»6» xaao rmoibb mai b n33ki n6«p kd i?n 
•6k annaa Kwrn W »ancw *n tio p pDoata i>iK Kaeny a»i> naa 
Kaany jk jy aaanDto finmv^to n^a Kayan'' aNonta }«a is vma» in 
qi* *s p myta Sn toany *ip na«$> , . .nne^K p oi» oa *b wopn ov 
xin iKttiax itkib nxya bi^k >bv xre w >r\n wv (?)y myiw pa» 
isans *b pnbx "bv sppitai atooiw na nenn n^ Nwunxi ^lapsta 
niaa pa jto soa V na&«a wroaDKta mini ndni myta sin p i. 2 
koi» 'a en-vn maai o»on niaa pa !>(?)a k»v '3 n^n maai nnw recto 

pa»a n»i* 'a nnv maai wvn niaa pai n»n w nax pa^a 

'ni>K aaafo rntw n^*i ^y nb W>*6xi W?k p 'a is pt? pip 
■fa d^ 3k3^n sin nbibx *b ianofo ^« arbx naiyo in nfo 
p nna« *t» ma iwp paiaita s^Na p» nns t6i na^nao antrio 
ci> hp" 1 p ^y m t?b ri^ipa»i>fc5 isaas^s ia tayiw n^m mK33N 
n^Npa nyooi n^n n^a ^Np p ^y ^iyni>s sosi y»DN oh n« 
p6?a^N nb^N n*a »b k[?s] sis n:n W2:t6$ p wy»D nyK»?i>K 
p^ya 1 ' Ni*>N on DnwNii K^sii kdv tnp snpD dv i>a ^s n« }« 331 
DKvpto* nnas ;k ^y^ sipo^N nD»n^a mm iiaa^N s^a nd ^i 
n^B d^ Nisa piDa^N ha ru»anB 130» yun dS v^y eiDin vb i>1p3 
^pjo^ man nans nno in Noasi tab ama oaN ik>n iann i>a nx 
nmn^N n^p pn pa* jn cn^y^i ni>p on . amao^a *iv -\b:b xnay 
mm l^i n^osna ixpsa np naiot? on i^pi mvo ^axn nw 'r 
pns i>[»] •« -\w m ^ rem pa fiabx is pa^s ^a fisixao na Nixs 
ib snnai jn k,-u*6 onyi»i>« ^3 nhai niwa bsn n*D* nyat? an p i. a 

jxa is pus ni> bp dib''' jn noa^N Tin «np-i ibd nax verso 

frttayfo p iton ^a *b moe> nbm ibd *a ncanx ia 


pS^N 0)^a (?)nb tw hp* b pt^N n*a jy iddn "ip nnna*. xnnya 
na* jsa aanaiw *a pt6« n*a jy idcn pn na«i> n*b>n ni>N jd (?)pa*aa 
bhn ndni nriatf non*, i>pN non pxi>N n*a Dan "ixnN^N *a pa*|>] 
maan on aaax*. xoa nnw ai*a mo nnaa naxa "injin^n naxa i?i 
to *axr6N ai*i>N nod*.* }« annaa a^a aniw nasa *.aia* jn Dnb^ 
aaa&6 n*a fame? orb niny *,i> *nai ^ a*.* fippnta *i>y annay in io 
i* a*,* aneoana*. V a*.* frixn^N naxa (?)nnai nnya *ni>N avfot '•a 
ah noana Knpiw *a noan 161 a jtviybx i n*a Nip* \x now NoaNi 
ma *jNna nianD* ana« *^yi *aw *asr6N a*,* "jina*. 16 |o tav nodi* 
ctnp pa* jn noan j&6 *a*oe> naioD* Noax*, nnts^N p aa ai* annay 
aannta Nnoan *ay* «*n innn ayiw ram bn Ty n^K tap aoa noana 
onpta -jin ia nan jo jy ninpai , .np*pnta by "jnoy xravb Nnoana 
eitaa* anxya nn^yi? n^p an*, 'ainn Wb w an narota nay si? 
Pol. 3 joi) pyoax njn ji^ip'' [nijbtai axe'ta Stn nnaia "jin nyanna *>ya 
rec ° vq-mq jNa joi anna*, [no*,*] idd^b anpota nb *a noxta jo fto 

[so ?]oni6 nn*a *i>y aaana njn *5 nhp'' [f]w n,DO*ta nay 

nana tb as^ta *b xaDDin anx sax pi>ip* nnn*ai (?) pxny [ta tax] 
jo *c? lin *a ana*a pa* d^b a' annay jNowaNta [K]nrwi noi* xta 
nexta pa so *a pna* Nay*NnE> *b naao snn h£ n^p an »]«i?aii'« 
ysnn nvp^N nnn nsnaa pn^yo T>a ansyai pn^yo aniya pa* jk 
paNnpi>N am ma r>rm6 noa ptay nf» ;k jk5> soip nnaia nmn!?N 
nnai»N ano^i xh na£oy t6 Dipi z nnnai nmn sin ne>N b^nth pa 
js NDip nx^k nnan 'ai *&&&> «oo nw *a ^n b«n pa pnyta^s am 
bn^d^n riano *a jsa jo ani ma ano^ naro^N nnvna nb man 
n^n pnan 11 Noipi *{?aa in nic? ont^ ne« ^n^ n^ao k»n b^n pa 
nx*n noip nnaii 6 po pnT 1 '•a pa pnyxa^N am ani> babn ixa> 
nnyai tnpbx jo anaaao anp bv na^ya nation'' 5>a ( nya ani> n?» 
Nnynty jo pa* }« nyn^N xnn n^y pw n^pi 'ai 6 iod nan* *a pbi 
jo*, foi^N n^j?^ xa^naio in*, *ashi*N bv^n ynty* pi^N n^yi* rebim 
Foi. 3 a*mai>N *ai nnanDi nnot? ai* noon nnn naan ab rtoxbts naxa nd 
vers0 [p]^anNi'N ^nsi *"n dvi n"* ai* nan* psn Snx joi!*n rib^ Nai>naio 

1 Lev. xvii. 4. 2 Num. ix. 13. 3 Ibid. v. 9. 

4 Lev. xvii. 3. 5 Deut. xiv. 24. 6 Ibid. 


[ro]nan njn cawn trnrfn p bv [p5] i"> di* 

njN . . jo -iri3N ni>y n^a ySfNB NTrD n'Ni ^x "]bi \y Nir 

nw r6 bap n^aan wnoa Noi>s ^ nioio i>oy^ , . jn n»o-p -ion 
Kra dip^k -rial n^ao ana 1 " }N3 NiPN n->ONi i>n3 moio frwinn 
spia myi pa xnbhn arfby ~\v jni NnmNj)N3 -ion Nmp-inN No!?a 
nyai bp&n rrxno ju"d* w«a n3k$>n mail ii nona ddi nnai nrcbv 

2 n3E>3 ^pBTl n^B' m£ fllSD 13^5? MTDJJm pD3 NH^y 11Nf ni^N 

(sic)nnoN ^y si[y]«ih jn n^sd N-i.i p nbpQ -ji>i natPN noi ii 
ni> nntyiw ^y cjskv I'D 11 (sic)jN n»yaa &»S> Nina ni> ^xy^x 'by 
anpn!>ta ntafo '•a trip N-ipo Na^y ^yxit pa 1 - jn Tyaa d^ Nina 
noni ri-cha n^Npo c6 in aN3^>N NiN^> -ranaiD^N Nin yap^i 
n^N ikon N3N1 . opa ret yatwo -oas jo -insjn yai ^n ixnw 
iya pn^N nxpo j-nvp^ tana^p i^av jn axna^N Nin *a jntbN^N 
-ioj^n *bi ratro^N '•ai N-ipoiw '•a crnDaaN pinsynDi anp in jNa jn 
jiya nnats> ^ai it? ba &naii>p jy p^n i^i ^n p^p tan^NS n>nh» 


jNynDo!>N nbbx) r*>nbta diono^N 'nai>N Nin on 


T-S. 10 Ka. 5. 

!«a NiN 3 ontyjn by) tra-nn bi lpn^ c& rio^a naD^N 13-in . . . Foi. i 
by) . run 11 «i»3B ?Nn^ -iid£ni pno^N n»6xN jo yao np -ioo$>N recto 
iob^nb b>n »$>x pa* |N3 4 ^n nDsta on* n^ nin ttnoa man 
■6y S>ita*a nana pan [j]n nao^N npanni NnnN^N p y:w yrabx 
h^aNn t6 bn-Q) ^pi cnh p"a nnnr&N n5ai»N !j3n jd yac^N nos^N 
. 6 ninai' psaip bn vm i^>«p Nioa snyw Nro non jn TONnno *m 
nac na^3 ^idh n^ Nmys t£n n^ ntsoe^N .i3D pan n^ ^iai 
ia no ^^n ffry n^b N33-11 rioN^N ^y Nnnys Th») noocn 
, Nn^y pi*in3Di> oaa fya |N3 ''n^N 3N3 j^n nit? Nina npNoi>N 
NnoDs 11 d!> nT>j[o] -i5n N3N3DN tmi? WNa jn j>ya n^p nojni 
. a^Nin^N j^ansn tdbhi . pa-re ^ao i^npb ri^oa Nniyoa cinja5> 

1 Jer. xxviii. 13. 3 Neh. x. 33. 3 Sanh., fol. ri ro . 

4 Read «b». 6 Lev. xxiii. 14. 6 Sanh., fol. 12™. 


laxa pm . oyp^s f>»y» }xa nm*it»i»« "vai nmipoiw ataot^ta 
vb& mm m pnayo p« ibxp xoai hsn5 mw nta *a pj[a]D» 
xh nrnw Ni>a \t6x koki . ^tn^a tmoyo "fata po pm . J mwa 
ri-na'iota D'waata j«nid i^y i>5tar\ anpna fhxynDK xh fsspj 
ma . febtmn paD 'a nay 3 ian n^i na'py 'n ft? ^ip koni 2 htffna ■ojin 
riaoNata riaata fjca hpsa . iffsno* laxa no haa ^y avnao 
an wia 11 jn rftNj&N *a kd ^y pncaa anjto ynaxta p 'liw 
n^yat? son ix KOiTa aaata pc ai> *int6Ki nyaxata nasi 
Poi. 1 n^xino paa [^] naaa on aaa s6a paa 'i Nixoa 4 n»yae> »t«n»a 

verso • . 1 .♦ f » » / 1 

owaa a paa n pan yaobxi .faataai csaa 'a paa '? ?a? issa 

pnayo pa ibxp no NDN1 . nTNjmD^N haa ^y .TinKi noipa 

jna xnxaaani . 5 mi>ran »aeoi vvbu '•aaoi pnan *aao natwi tin 

nae6 nya inix peny bs mya .tap xo$> naxa p-nyo axa *a 

fxtai "^ia n-to naaxi fjK^oa pn Naiai wt6 [kJvw ^i a«a 

pniani a'aw nitaai a"Ntai b«na »»o tayaa Nai> naa pip s^a 

pxata ibta »a Na-inaxi nv^ai antwi cam »aao nayaa an t6) 

rvtraioai nootpai payn wa aaata yiai . j^«n ni*va »a»o nayaa 

Naxo^jn . onnsaatn *vkbi pu6 'y pons' 1 aypr 'y xa$> &6i 

pyatai ta*iB» pN '•a a' 1 !? oninas pmnaa^ nar an pita 

«ai> pai ah* . p-nnaa ontja d^ yca^i mwa d^ xna pi^N 

7 naDin^N »a iyDnx n^ih . naipnfo 6 ^n naaoa Daaa nd tonn 

aaoa Daai>N jn!? k^ni a an V an n" 1 - i^Npa naipniw nxipo '■a 

Ninxn Noipn noipD .Tyacai'N n^n^ni . '•yao aaa mi naipn^N 

^nyn aaaa m Noax nnixn i»SN fsa tnt^n ihb^m *b ncd n^ 

••a paan^N pxanx nav nd anpNB do^n riao y» nop^N riaa 

n^n iddb^n asani'i' xpy N^a frnop *mtw< 'r rn&ro riao 6' ba 

Poi. 2 n^ no sin 'i>y pW kS'-n pmnao ^t 11 ah p^pi iiani rinnxi JiyND 
recto x j| in1 ^^t,^ 1jn;j ndd wa2{1 ND ^y j 1N N;)ayi NDD nni Nn hinn 

[?n]i«a naipni'N aaaa aaaiw ion *b iio^n^N '•a no j*ya naix 
niioai rbiob pna^i ^pi»K yoa nxanx ^n anaN sh opa piyi»N 

1 Sanh., fol. n™. 3 See J. Q. E., X, p. 157. 3 Sanh., fol. 12™ 

4 Ibid. 5 Ibid., fol. n ro . • Read ^n. 

' Tosifta, ii. 6, ed. Zuckermandel, p. 417. 


ntonit? kin hpta trim , zttrabx trin >a 16a p b mb t|p jn jj? 
1 nob^t* '•a naDinfo »a S»p nd 3t?Dn '•b oaaiw ;tt |tra pat* jd jtu 
ps pai ian 2 Dt«bi>t< pj> i^pa inn vsb v noan *jb5> i"' patwio 
noai e>in b> i3n ni'Dn naipn rwvn p dn ubx napn nx pi3j?D 
••dv 'i dv 3 enrn nw w idin mw 'n dv *"i e>m b> nn 
jiyDty 'i , pi3j>D p« ann ,| 3b!> r" 11 pi35>o nDan *»3ab i"» patwra idin 
dv n" 11 idijjd noai ibijjd 'idik pT'nx pisyo ann yai> i"' ^n idik 
noan yai> i' 1 *dv 'i hp jt6 to 3 a"* i"» intcpD '1 ttann nitre 
naipni p*a naipn '•apt* pnaipnta p3 \n6 ipiij si jw* in pisyn 

11D3$>N J?S1»i> DtW 'l WtO KD311 DV 1*3 ba wwa Dtot< 'n »1B>n 

tonn ft? tooip nd3 mm? tnttpobx nin sroai dv 33 ^n vwa 
Kna» trarw nine . -jtri aruu d^i *jb tcma D'Dsnta p3 jn pj» 
ndkb myitr nfit^Ni myao KomnnN jtwib intcpota nin^iPoi. 2 
tpDtm am nhp jd 3 .iudkd^n hd^n '•a niwioiw Ma frirnc^t* verso 
naipni lis '•a ar6t* ntot* ins nd naD '•a jto tritta natwi naipn 
jw nd b« jto it< iot jy maNriiw naoiw *b naipni aiin d5> 
nao »a ibi . Dtox 'd nst^t* naipni naD naipn ps Dtot6t< jd 
t?"3 ^np^ni i"^k jd naipni dv aom tb i" 11 b^pbast . tfzbvhi* 
dv *noi>rt>tt '•a ifop nd nit? trim K"3^t< p naipni dv son 11 
t6 bt6tt sin *ba imau (sic) «y>» 101a naipn dvi bin» naipn 
iriat* inxi nv i^ss ncn naipn '•a nao jin* jn jd maon an iS>j> 
»i^« SNDni'N nnasn nimi . p ^wn» pnao ii»3» jn nv Nh nao jd 
nab pn idi riao jnSj itro id«>k niai snypsioi maipnb ntoaDn 
3"a naoi . saD33 nao i"3 nab pn 'a fiaoi t<aD33 ni ncn naipn 
naoi . N3D33 nao 33 nab nd^ iia naoi . t«D33 naD r a nab \>n 
, t«D33 nao Da nab is nd riaDi t<aD33 nao na nab nab hi 
. snxaD33 nao 6a nab i« 16 nam . t<aD33 nao 33 nab in a6 riaoi 
an dn'w ins pa jd ibh t6 niuio^N paD^N nin bp m nao ba 
TiB'i'K 33d^n me* sina HD^n^N '•a nd 'bs »1W) naipn '•a ni3Di>N 

3NDn^t<1 »DDB^« 3XDn p3 ft* Dlbofl 33D^N , 'J?' , 3d1'N niB> NDN1 Fol. 3 
1 ~ „ t 1 recto 

?a »a Kona»a T'V p^Npi nam mnsi nysD naD d ^ ?3 »b »i»p?k 

1 Sanh., fol. 13™ 2 Fol. is™ ; cf. J. Q. B., X, p. 253. 

3 Fol. 13™. 4 Ibid. 


wd w i>a »a dv . . . 0)13*1 , anpntaa av r6na rvap riao frNO 
hsata jo yonapta }n ntano n^»b nNia noNta "inb anpntaa 
^n^» is anpntas dk»s fa nac Nin wnpi ^s mi n^o -ray p 
dnw 'r iD3i fuo pnNoi patataa T'D' 1 •>&♦ ^n -into DV TOD tj> 
nai^Nin naea wan nans jNor »a neri naipn Nanau . anpntaa 
'o '•a riyoata oi» ^ii . n»n p Y^ m> '•a tons onvo 'no onNi6 
iNnata p rrpNata nxyND ata .Yin nvpan no pa»B iNnata p nNyND 
rnota p i5n n? nyo yonaN }N dn s n f ^y TNtta idd^n jo[i] 
^ N^a . Nnaiain an prnb« ^Da . nibta »b mb npan np t6n 
l^i p sn»B Naxa t6n fhota jn jn^n pan di» p ^pN n^n W>n 
jn jN^a noni h abn n!> "iDai dn'-n '? nywta npi ^n npita 
'o nyoata w nm »b t dv naNa nixota njo ^in »b naipnta 
lion pata Nnn^oa naNa nonpnota pa d{>n \ab nNnata p nNyND 
njjND V pov p Nnpipn Nni? nnas ninb , -nmo riap -wane pan 
n^iNjta iTb }nd 'nta mrnota $>in ne>n *6io n^ p'Npn riipn 
•by dob^n hva NaaDn NiNi . pNpi apn n«yND 'n ita ov N3N^ 
Foi. 3 p nNyND i ne»n p DONita di^n '■a it?n natpnta Na*iai nopta 
vers0 nao areata paota pipn ppNata -mno^ xasDn Noh nyoata fob 
••dok^n 3NDnta hiraa nwbNpi ■nopta axDnta hia p D'saatai 
naDta nM *mnoi?N p irta vn raobx "]br\b ntwi Y?io toiai 
Yta di» *a mD^N i^n »b n^n naipn pane . p-'NpT yvh mwo r i 
niiata N^ho n3N3 nina . nnxna p nxyND 6 riyoata nv njo 
pai i< -ciNpota *b piaN-ita nai iHh . ihb^n p i' p ^ista 
. [NO'C nncta p I' »n »nta fr^Niita '•ta i' ti '•nta rix-iata nin 
n^ata wa ba niinta h» pa no *b i'oynD 1 ' }Na no anpntaa mi 
. njD pn p rianp pjota pa^ pov> p sanp ^vsta int -in hxta 
•i nn^N p a »n "nta ita nsnai'Ni ri^Nnta ninata nin pai 
^ni hxta n'ata Nn pa no »a ^oynD^ jNa no anpntaa mi dn^n 
jwb riaD ^p iJNnta n»ata 3N-ia ijj3 i^ii nawta nNanN npi iaN 
oon^B pivji dn^n i bvsbx p yorax no pa^i noai hjd ^n yeata 
Na niia pa ita nin nyai , ata ov p n s b> do^i V dv jNvpa 
riiotai Nin Nanpi ^ni nat?ota nsanN p nh^n Nayan incta •'B 

1 Read «b«. 


to£>j»ni n:&n dvi ibn nv virion nDai |ndv &afo p Nnh nao ot 
pa^a ri^iD rh» nin nya ntata '•a d^m |n W «h aai>N w in us 
l^a nyie^N usNin ;n "6n ova niaion an am \y w\y bbsktt Poi. 4 
pan '•nam Naa^a no ^y miano n5 a i* n* ihnp»$>n nin mN¥ recto 
nnwn ^y dip-'i avna 1 ' uin coan^N ci^ai Nuas^N ts&n frNay^N 
nyn van n»an in 11 ■"• u 'pa nnyNta an 11 p pm!>K prr N»a 
p N^y?" 1 IK ni>Dai . on vbvb p» n^m wvtrb pas* mum 
I'm taapo niniN "vtJ? *hnp s»a n^D us fVKD^K ptwata 
nnoa» hen^n by i^ ^nxa^N Nin mp rvn pa , "w vtoh 
nmsy nai . toNmai nm rin^o nNXi pnifo i>ian on p paian^ 
nxa ['•pnx] \ni>N 3 pa riyo p^x b pi . ma aa ^a p xrb ana 1 - |N 
t aipi?N Toyt? tansoa amaioiM niniN^N aao -j^h pa . ^[nalnnn 

33D JtOl "]H n3K>N ND *VND1 BnUS tUlfo Dnpt^N 1V3 "03 33D fNai 

♦a i?nNa^N Nin sod pnNiata nin iNnoNi asna^x Nin nana 
no ^y oaa^N noN u> jnu^n nxai Son^n ninoa^N by nDa^N 
prc> pNxion paxii noiyn anpjsp * anhpa npbyrb '•ayo N^>a toa« 
in Noa hn-sd a mail na annN n^N »bj? nop n^d Nine' aWw 
hpiw nrcn idn^n ana 1 !? 6 cana mm usi nao'nta usi na^N 'a 
Noam Npno Nfe pid^n pa* ;tt ar6 pani ma Noam.anaN i>ipaa 
vb bn pn? in ^n i^jnp noni . nao na xb b^ zb nmtb pan 1 - vb 
n^id nao $>oy )n brc $>na ^aaD^N sjKaa paD- |k pans }« pay 
^iai . vb dn ntsiy^N nya 6 ^n bv- n^n tanty ^y roa^a bpp i. 4 
naB>n maynai pwi msa ni>aen nx inip 7 onhpa Nifx np^yn verso 
us jNa N»aNi xaaNor '•a ia d^ sin . ••a^n nnxa (sic) nnx pNiip 
nDiB>a narfw ^n ^y mx p ndi 1 " a ani? rsm* np pmnao jnot 
snp aa ^n la^nn^ a xn^a p in xanan m^N a* p hnwn nnnna 
jsa pion^N 3Nna *a n^>p naa npi . ni> n^» Nai> n^in hp^N xnna 
nav oh naaixaa DNoa ^y noa^N Nasi |n an^Ni Naia^xata b»p 
*i»n» a^ can^N jn xomnN paxia T^n ••a nsaxa yav Ni nd sun 
nav d^) jn naN ai>Ni ncnt aUN^N jn n»W> n^n nd>ni iHa 
Nann "vtni n»iy^ ^nioi'N V ov p Nanny jNai n^y Nanny n'?ap 

1 Prov. ii. 6-7. 2 Ver. 8. 3 Ps. iv. 2. * Men. x. 5 ; Tosifta, p. 529. 
s Sifra, Emor, ch. xi. * Read *A». 7 Meg. i. 4. 


."un ini imn KnnnxnaK naa ni^na k^k mr K»a K)ii>Kn K3KU 
kjiji KiK . p»nyf>« p noy ponp> uk3 jk pvmjd jkdt *a po* 
i>a pis »a 'ninio mDi>n *a imp K»a "jina V piwiw fin 
p K3n noy Kjm ton ««n >a Kin prrarip . wm mavn nmnp 
noy mv» *idw «i>K nin^a fe»n p niKan oni>n w -igb \&n 
■*ra Km mbyn p ii»BK iniaa nro» nx anpn a^nan n-wa 
jru 'n «ym ^ ii> >yap Kin nnn a^na Km mxoi> Ktnn mt^o 

bvs , nimon i>ai> mnn Knnt? msnn 1-idk [wpy] 'm 

Foi. smx»5>K i»3D by 3 oaTvp n^n ainao kdjk ananiw i>»Ki>K Kin 
1600 Dip dni D3^ i?Hja maa 8 ii>Kp K»a i'irsKi'K nni3ai> *b msD^Ki 
k!> anpn p Kiai> imvo ik-is ii>Kp noyiw dbj *b b nar ppn 
ksd xi> . nSn p Kia$> iniwa aip» bo mix pK»a» anpn na^a 
nmjy nreo yyo jk ^y in* kdd "jin nae>K k»i . eavi p wa» 
. K3»np K»a DmaKj»i oncsai' one* ai> }[>]MKi>K &rin |k k^k i>iraK 
k.tb wi>y KyiK *ni>K n^aK^K 6k p aKi3Ki>K 3i>K romp iKi 
n*pK3 ii>K mtw jk yaj»a pnn np kd kjbboi wwyip toaiwa kjk 
1JK3 tO^KIK }k . xvby bs-btt Kin kjhk 5>ipji aKnai>K DK»n vn 
nam Kmpi>BK •i»DKi>ni>K p KJ^ap }K3 pi kjni . m^K po-in* 
ijb> a^n onsnpion p mi>K i>aixn naoini'K *a i»p kd iin by 
ai>nn no 4 D^na min »a i»p kdi . ptnpio two) mi>K aiw pnxi> 
bi"b» Kin itu mi>y *ni>K *a hpKB . pub ijb>3 n^x jn pni> »jw 
naK j?vid *a noj* oi> , finat^K nin rb nsnya jwoi'N xin ^a 
|k ko naoini'K '•a p»aw nvaK abrba ;k i^ii , ray hrn noKaa 
kd'-k ixb w^a c»oani»K jk^ n^a ribaxi mi'Ki'K jk nmn naic?' 
now . n'i'Ki'K K.^a nail , pniD'-K omjy nhddki nanp»i't< an^i>K 
Poi. 5 pao sim mi>Ki>K kh^b mail oh d*ai>n KmoDi fbnnoi'K qito^k 

verso .(_ l i 

t>3 pna ny3 in n?K 3?n3 -iko pia is p?in noTiB* naoin »b 
n^a n'-cani'K i?KpB niwp nd jko^k^k Kin noo yi»npK n^K n^n 
. pmoK .tin jidd m^Ni naan nnni'-i nvi>an im pniDK ;n ii»N 
yxKio is b)p> km nonno ny nanpo Kn3Ki> an^n Kmoo* oi>i 
xmtb aniin ^i nys kd i»di , miDK m Kwm lynp 6 nn*na 

1 Men., fol. 83™. 2 Lev. xxiii. 10. s Jebam., ii.8. 

1 Sifra, ch. six. 5 Pesah., v. 10. 


oano arhtpb NnrvpJni Nnnnyn "6y ids *jW>i , rionnoi riaipo 
nr 3-ipn nN noson a^nn dk tfaton rn i^ni , Mrnt? Noa jnn« 
iw a^n nr aipn by new 3$>nn b hni onan on nainn a^nn 
n^ n^oam napn i>ye> ai>n -idin bHyw 'n ns^py '*i nai D'pin 
vnnN oono nw nnpipan pap a^n nr a^Dan b -tn . £ nin 
ai>n #irb 'in na^pi? '") Wan w '-i nai i5»oui NW dips i>a 
Dinp 'in na^py "n , s^pji onp anin ai?n 'in ^Nyoe» 'n ppiyn bvw 
ni^aap piy i^y pa^ni -iidn n^ian !w onp -ioin nni.T '-\ sfrpn 
nn^NipN jo ]w no nvsN N"ina an^y pa»n pNi P1dn psnpioapi 
^y iiavha j«a ntnb dN-in -wi d^6n!?N *a r&aNn *va ri^N pa 
y*n ccenpion jo n^N biNn Sn^n p-iafo »a i»pa jn^n N-in 
p2>npioi>N nxjn |N ini . r^onta Nnn ^y penpio dwi n^x dipd n^y Pol. 6 
d^i ops nip ma vtbaxo tstnbb pa^ y*ra> np no Nnao paii ^>y rec '° 
ri^N^Na new er)p ma N^axo inj^ $>ya np no Nnxi . new in 
nor^ xnbx job new enp r&Nno n$> ntj npnpio^N nona^N jo 
, mm nn new ^?n fo *i5n^ni »i> pnp^N i>JN jo NennnN pnn 
, j^ »:bd n^N s|« piiS> W3 a^nn no 2 o»jna mm *a i^np xnai 
ton jd 1 " jn n^n nfia fcbvb nan n^b phn^N nona^N *a noni 
n^ip 3 tidWn '•a i^Npi . mny n$> no "]tri) ^-ii?N Nin "j^i -\<sm 
, t6 »aN^ nbb '-i n^ 'on 'ipi? i'mi'N >a ^xbn n^N }n Nmxa 
a^n bs nip ion nhy mb 'on iDn'-n nrn ;ota n^N nnyo n^n 
n&b ^bit ri^Nta noni mipa mipn iai ibNn a6 n^aai iip 
Nj'-Nonp Nja^Na njn iTb oyr ai?N axa^Ni , n-nono tjb jn^p ^a 
jnaN^Ni , n'-p hp 11 oh m:&N »b rw j^in^n ]t6 m:^N ion *a 
03'joo pn nijya^ npiy m: n^yai? neny twmsr max^o b M^Npa 
bi'bn Nin fN hpNa , i^ni rt v:a nsmni no^on nysm Dian 
mi^Np nojn Noipi?N fNi ^ip^ «*in i>VN }N3 nna '•n ^y ['•Jit n^ 
JN Nn^y 33N1 flN-lON^N fN ^pi dton^ mni^n aanijN ^3D "6y 
nmsi npNnp niax^o i^ni 6 ^np "in i»NoyN no amvb bovnvoie 
Nn^> wb m: n^Na ninb i^np oh [noaaoi] naiNi rumo n^yai* 
n^>j no ^NorNiJN n^n ^oyn jn Nnor^ [n»]p ^oyN n^ ^>ipn jn 

1 Tosifta, Hul. ix. 14. 2 Sifra, ch, xix. 3 Hull., fol. 117™. 

4 Ketub., fol. 6i ro . s Mishnah Ket. v. 5. 



mwta <a rbbx nwj no nno^ hpta *rin ihp' 1 ah ita ,Tin 
(1)dn imp *ip ndi ainao in no yndi nyaoi naenoi ma ...o p 
, ntana cwp rfa in*! ind^ yDNita n-itpta (?) i? ta p n^y 
jnon [n] DNtytaa nnata rhota by* . . . bv fnw atambx nini 
nin nwn p nyavn in NmaoN xoa taan jni ia^n |ni ban jni 
Nnaao* oi> noi sinsta jto nowata DNanN n^y ypn tab) ywxta 
pata j« . ND?a jto n^y rtoxaata (?)dhk yipia Nta nyasn |n 

D33> N^ IN Daj 1 " ^H NON1 , NnOt^ N^> IN NnOT^ ^H n>3 in N03N 

laaiN pn dton nn >ta napotai N-ipota p iaiN piua tp^ i^na 
jn . , , ata ina '•a Nainota xrbi-i tao p nta*wta tayin )n 
iin-11^ tayn jn Nn^yi itapi naipnta jn Nn^a (?)-w vita 
naw masta b onbip ini taoyxta .Tin n^5 no taoyNta yoa 
noon nyxm Dian mica pin wivi> rreny naota rbmb nciy 
DNanxta boD >^y lobn cms h* noo Nina v^ni m wa nxn-ini 
cental "vnonta tao >^y iobn DnaN *ta tanaoaa oi>y ob trin ph 
riyoNita nncta . ^y ntana "jta b 


T-S. 8 Ka. io T . 
recto mtea pny prnc 5>y nnann npe> viat? naotan adnata tap no 

axna nasb n^ata axna 3nxn ip ton ■noyh nai 

^p no ^yi nyi inN o^ana n^ai nm» no ^y naiai in nnnrsra 

ni> *ind* j«a n nein pbp dyi an dj Na yen Niaa 

1^ nmaD 

verso ^»nN?ta i>ya fiaijNta taNata f , m3 , >i 

riaiyota ni>ta ^dj sjn u*b« D'-oani nnp ima 1 ' )i^ w ^p noo 
N-in ttnb (sic) y>oa Tita aNiaNta nnyxo *ta aip Nob ^y 
Nnjvy n^in naiN namntai iioi>ntai njpota p NtaipN jNDJNta 

nd^b nNoa paNi NaNa tijn oh 

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Haktwig Hibschfeld.