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526 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW
MALACHI II. 11 ; PSALM LXIX. 5.
In Malachi ii. 11 I should suggest the reading 1M ?X n^ 7K KM.
The reading gives a true parallel — " for Judah had defiled the
sanctuary of God, which he should love, and came into the house
of a strange god."
In Ps. lxix. 5, for 'fVpifp I propose to read ''nitSXD , the plural of
ntSX a lock of hair. This emendation again restores the parallelism,
for XlliMf would be synonymous with *tMO Tf\~\W.
SPANISH EXILES AT CONSTANTINOPLE.
Not the least fascinating of a manuscript's charms is the self-
consciousness of its colophon. A colophon reveals the personality of
the scribe, his preferences, weaknesses, and vanities. But it may also
occasionally throw sidelights on the wider world outside the writer's
garret, and help to make history or at least to correct historical records
I venture to publish two such colophons of the fifteenth century
which may prove of interest. The first is subscribed to a beautifully
written Hebrew Massoretic Bible 1 , begun in Toledo but finished in
Constantinople in 1497. I acquired this in 1888 at Perim Pasha near
Constantinople of the widow of the Karaite Haham, Isaac Krimski.
After its first removal from Spain, four hundred years ago, and until
it came into my hands, it does not seem to have moved five miles
from the spot where it was written. Even its binding, of sumptuous
green morocco, is characteristically Turkish. Its original owner's
name, however, had been carefully erased till resuscitated by the
application of a solution of tannic acid. There is something pathetic
1 The MS. is inherently valuable for its glosses, and is referred to in
J. Q. B., IX, 676.