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THE TALMUDICAL PAKTICLE 13^in 583 



THE TALMUDICAL PARTICLE lahn. 

In the Jewish Quaetekly Review, XVII, 270, the editor of the 
Genizah Fragments remarks with regard to the word standing on line 9 
13?in: "read ^^?''^." This emendation is not necessary. For the 
spelling ^^?1^ is not only legitimate, it is even the more original. 
In a codex of the Munich Library, which belongs to the oldest 
Talmud MSS. and contains the Tractates Pesachim, Yoma, and 
Chagiga, the Particle in question is in most cases written ^^?1n. 
Rabbinowicz, who cites this fact, thinks that 13?in arose from 
^^P Nin (Dikduke Soferim, VI, Introd., p. i). But this does not well 
express the meaning of the Particle. We may rather find in the 
Fragment of Tractate Kerithoth (written in 1 123), edited by Schechter 
and Singer, the true explanation of ^^71^,written also, and commonly, 
"laPNT. The Fragment cited has regularly the expression pi ?''Nin 
(" since it is so " ; therefore). From this we could get p?in quite as 
well as nD?NT . I have called attention to this circumstance in J. Q. B., 
IX, 147 f. Subsequently Harkavy published in the Hebrew periodical 
anyDDI mtlDD (1896), p. 95, a portion of Hai Gaon's Dictionary, in 
which Hai gives it as a fact that the Talmud shortened ^^1 ?''Nin 
into the single word ^^P''^ (or 13?in). Cf. my book, Die alteste 
Terminologie derjUd. Schriftauslegung (1899), p. 38. Moreover, in the 
Fragments edited by Ginzberg the form ^^?1^ is also found on 
p. 271, 1. 4. 

Budapest. W. Bachek. 



NOTE TO J. Q. R., XVII, 279, 1. 9. 
Instead of DtaTia read DiT'S. Compare Baba Bathra, 14 a: 

uni^ P"iN 0:131 NX 131^!? pnN noniD. 

W. Bacheb.