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690 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 



GLEANINGS FROM THE YEMENITE 
LITURGY. 

Some useful work has already been done on this field 
of Hebrew studies, but very much remains yet to be 
accomplished. The edition of the Yemenite Service Book 
(Jerusalem, 1894-8) \ a masterly description of which by 
Prof. Bacher appeared in the Jewish Quarterly Review 
for April, 190a, may at first sight seem to make further 
work unnecessary; but the problem is in reality far 
removed as yet from its ultimate solution. The printed 
text gives us only a redaction of the Yemenite Liturgy 
made by Yahya b. Joseph ibn Salih in the latter half of 
the eighteenth century, together with the same author's 
Commentary on it. In order, therefore, to obtain informa- 
tion on the earlier and more original form of these Services, 
we must turn our attention to the MS. sources at our 
disposal. Another shortcoming of the printed text consists 
in the fact of its representing only one definite form of the 
Yemenite Liturgy, namely that of San'a and its neighbour- 
hood ; but the MSS. show that there existed — and probably 
still exists — a considerable diversity of liturgical use in 
different Yemenite localities. Sana 2 , it is true, must be 
regarded as the most important centre of Jewish life in 
Yemen; but a thoroughgoing study of the Services now 
under consideration ought to include some notices of 
liturgical forms different from those of San'a. 

1 It should be noted, however, that a new edition, partly based on 
fresh materials, is now in the press at Jerusalem. The first part appeared 
in 1903. 

9 On San'a as a city and centre of South Arabian life in general, see 
Yacut's Geographisches Worterbuch, ed. Wiistenfeld, III, pp. 420-6. 



GLEANINGS FKOM THE YEMENITE LITURGY 69I 

The most important contributions to the study of the 
Yemenite ritual in its MS. forms are, of course, those 
of Dr. Neubauer (Bodl. Catalogue, nos. 11 45 and 2498, 
and Monatsschrift for 1871, pp. 320-6) and Prof. Stein- 
schneider (Berlin Catalogue, I, nos. 89, 91, 103, and 
Anhang, pp. 1 1 7-30 ; II, end of Vorwort). In addition 
to the other literature on the subject given by Prof. Bacher 
at the beginning of his article in the Jewish Quabtebly 
Review already referred to, must now be mentioned 
Dr. Pinkas Heinrich's, Fragment eines Gebetbuches aus 
Yemen (Wien, 1 902) *. The largest collection 2 so far 
known of Yemenite liturgical MSS. is, however, found at 
the British Museum ; and after having — so far as my ability 
goes — made a complete study of the materials there pre- 
served, I may be allowed to place before the readers of this 
Review a series of notes, short texts, and alphabetical lists 8 
of Piyyutim, calculated to amplify our knowledge of the 
subject, and to throw light on various matters connected 
with the theme. Descriptions of the MSS. have j ust appeared 
in the second volume of the Museum Catalogue of the 
Hebrew and Samaritan MSS., and I should wish the 
materials now offered to be regarded as supplementary to 
the information, necessarily limited, given in that work. 



It will be useful, first of all, to classify the Museum MSS. 
belonging to this section, the more so as such a classifica- 
tion may at the same time serve as an opportunity for 
noting down some special features of the Services under 
consideration. 

1 See also Dr. S. Poznariski's description of the Vienna edition of 
the Yemenite Liturgy in J. Q. R. , XVII, 189-92. 

1 Mr. E. N. Adler's considerable collection of the same services no doubt 
also deserves careful study. 

3 It almost goes without saying that no liturgical studies can be 
systematically carried out before an alphabetical arrangement has been 
effected of all the Piyyutim, which are in the Catalogues necessarily 
given in the order in which they occur in the MSS. 

ZZ 1 



692 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

I. Of the fourteen MSS. 1 belonging to the Yemenite rite, 
Or. 2327 must be regarded as forming a class by itself. In 
substance it indeed belongs to the same category as the 
MSS. to be noted under (II), but it shows a systematic 
arrangement of its own. After the portions for week- 
days and QUID UW niMETi rtam, &c, it has a long 
section, extending from fol. 33 b to fol. 96 a, which in this 
complete form is peculiar to itself. It may be described as 
a general guide to the Services of the Yemenite Synagogues. 
It begins with a chapter relating to the times of prayer 
(riiW>K riNpiN na->yo *a bo). This is followed by a !>vd on 
certain conditions which render a person unfit for prayer 
(filW>N J»MD Trt). Then follows a long chapter dealing 
with the entire order of prayers (NnjMM nNlWw QXVJ »a $>xa), 
including prayers for week-days both public and private ; 
prayers for the Sabbath-day, enn t?N"), najn, fast-days, 
iwn t?N*i, &c. Next comes a •VB on persons who say their 
prayers without proper preparation ('131 v'nn "W3 t&f fo), 
and after chapters on Biblical lections throughout the year, 
and benedictions and minor offices (including fi^nn, Marriage 
Service, &c), the section concludes with the Passover-night 
Service (riDBn Ma T\»&yn "no), followed by iDWn n*VBD, 
l^Bon ■ai'Vi?, ni-rcn »an% and p»inn wy. 

This MS. is the finest in the Museum collection, and as 
it is, apart from Or. 1470, which contains the Haftaroth 
only, also the oldest (having been written in San'a in 
1540 A.D.), it will be granted that it for more reasons than 
one deserves the place of honour in this interesting section 
of liturgical MSS. It will be seen later on that the two 
short texts on the Calendar and on Repentance included 
in this paper have been taken from this MS. 

II. To the next and longest group belong Or. 2418, 2389, 
2390, 2417, 2673, 3480, 1479. All these contain, like Or. 
2227, the order of Services for the whole year, although 
several of them have their own special characteristics. 

1 An account of Or. 41 13, included in the number of MSS. here given, 
will be found in the Catalogue, II, p. 395. 



GLEANINGS FEOM THE YEMENITE LITURGY 693 

One of the most remarkable differences between the 
printed editions and the MSS. consists in the order of 
the nitty for 11D3 DV. Instead of the old Spanish nitty 
beginning : bin niD^ B»N1» D^J? n^13 nriN, preceded by 1DD11N 
'ttl "'ptn of the printed text (II. N¥ sqq. ; second portion), all 
these MSS. have Abraham ibn Ezra's littn 33^> Wtt, pre- 
ceded by the same author's '131 nitty ttd nittm (see Zunz, 
Ritus, p. 114). Only in one of these MSS. (Or. 1480) are 
both 'Abodahs found, nMtt nrtN being given as a sort of 
afterthought at the end of the MS., with Moses ibn Ezra's 
men beginning >r\1 naio "piyK in addition to ipm iddiik. 
Not less remarkable is the fact that instead of the nitty 
appearing in the MSS. in its proper place in the Services 
for 11D3 DV, it is given separately in quite a different part 
of each respective MS. This circumstance might be taken 
to justify the opinion that the Yemenites originally used 
no nitty at all for 11S3 Of>, but that this portion of the 
Service was introduced at some later period through outside 
influence from one direction or another. As the Yemenite 
Services are commonly grouped with the Spanish branch, 
one would have expected n^tt nnx to have been adopted 
in preference to any other mttp. A composition of Ibn 
Ezra's was, however, as the work of a Spanish poet, found 
suitable enough to compete with nMtt nnx, and in earlier 
times — as it seems — to retain its position, sole and un- 
dispxited. 

Among the invariable features belonging to this group of 
MSS. (including Or. 2227) are (1) a section on the Calen- 
dar entitled: vxm itty, my^N 3NDn, or itt^N 3NDn naiyo; 
(2) a series of formulae entitled: nntJBMl pDJni nttinan nDIi, 
Instead, however, of enumerating the other common 
features of this group, the reader's attention may now be 
drawn to some special characteristics of one or other of the 
MSS. belonging to the same class : — 

a. Or. 2389 is distinguished by a very long series of 
ninaPini nrw, containing no fewer than 186 numbers. 
This list accordingly shows more effectively than any of 



694 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

the other lists of "Hymns and Praises " in the group the very- 
considerable extent to which Spanish Piyyutim of the best 
period have been utilized by the Yemenites, although 
native compositions, with Hebrew and Arabic used alter- 
nately, are also well represented. 

b. The chief peculiarity of Or. 2390 consists in an 
entirely new form of the sixth p"iB (viz. min pop) of JliaN. 
As the text of this pis is given in full further on, no further 
remark on it need now be added. 

c. Or. 2673 (written in 1663 kto bvt rfbmabK NnND3 
nn3NX N"OT) exhibits to a fairly considerable extent diverse 
forms of the ritual 1 introduced by DJJH nspo urUT or UDriDK 
JWKID^K j*l'3 ; and the Passover-night Service is here 
accompanied by an Arabic Commentary. 

d. Or. 1480 and 1479 exhibit the influence exercised by 
the Kabbalistic school of Isaac Loria on the Yemenite 
Liturgy. This influence shows itself more especially in the 
form of mt5> n^3P TJD, several hymns of the Kabbalistic 
school just named being embodied in the Service. These 
are also the only two MSS. of the group which have the 
HH ro? (also embodied in the printed edition). 

HI. Or. 6354 and 6355 must, mainly on account of their 
contents not covering the Services for the whole year, be 
classed by themselves. Or. 6354 begins with nniD and 
ends with nttlD (only the beginning 1TD1D W> JV3-|]> being 
preserved). Or. 6355 begins with D3K>, and ends with a 
series of short miscellaneous offices (including fU3?n ri3"l3, 
2 pn fina, &c). 

IV. Or. 41 13 only contains nilWN »W& mn^D, a series 
of pieces embodied in one form or another in all the MSS. 
of group II. 

V. Or. 1470 (a very fine MS. written in 1484) contains 

1 An account of the more salient divergences of different uses might 
be given on another occasion. Notes indicating such divergencies are 
found in several other MSS. of the group. 

s These offices are by no means a very common feature of Yemenite 
Service Books. 



GLEANINGS FKOM THE YEMENITE LITURGY 695 

the Haftaroth for the whole year : Hebrew text (provided 
with the sublinear vowel-points and accents, and accom- 
panied by the Massorah Magna and Parva) and the Targum 
(provided with the superlinear punctuation) in alternate 
verses. It should be noted that the Haftaroth here given 
differ in a good many points from both the Sephardi and 
the Ashkenazi use. 

VI. Or. 41 1 a is a roll of the sixteenth century containing 
the well-known texts of W m -|3K> (I. UT» rwa a"D moan ; 
II. run rop). 

VH. Entirely different from all the MSS. already named 
is Or. 4114, containing the Diwan known as that of Joseph 
Shabbezi (nae>). Similar MSS. have been described by 
David v. Giinzburg in Steinschneider's Festschrift, and 
Prof. Bacher in Berliner's Festschrift. Or. 41 14 is, however, 
more extensive than these ; and, with the permission of the 
editors, I may perhaps be able to give in a future number 
of this Review alphabetical lists of the pieces contained 
in the MS., together with the acrostics or any other evidence 
of authorship. 

B. An introductory chapter on the Calendar. 

This short text, taken from Or. 2227, but embodied 
in a more or less modified form in MSS. of group II, 
is — as will be seen at a glance — similar in nature to the 
earlier portions of such works as t&iJJ "HD, the fbspn "isd of 
Abraham b. David, and similar compositions. It might on 
account of its Arabic form be placed by the side of the 
earlier portion of the Tnw&N asrD published by Dr. Neubauer 
in Anecdota Occonien&ia, Semitic Series, vol. I, part IV. 
The Yemenites, in fact, showed much discrimination in 
beginning their calendar computations with an introductory 
chapter on chronology. The practical value of the Jewish 
calendar lies, of course, in the means it provides for finding 
the dates of fasts and feasts, and for determining the cycle 
of Biblical lections throughout the year ; and as these 



6g6 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

sacred observances hang together with events narrated in 
Biblical history, it is clear that chronology must form an 
integral part of the system. 

As for the contents of the text here given, it will suffice 
to note down a summary of its chief chronological data. 
The student will, of course, compare these with the other 
chronological works at his disposal. In the present place 
only a note or two of comparison will be given at the foot 
of the page. 

The chief data are as follows : — 

(i) The time that elapsed between the creation of Adam 
and the exodus was 3448 1 years ; but Adam was created 
one year after the creation of the world 2 , and it, therefore, 
follows that the exodus took place 2449 years after the 
creation. 

(2) A period of 480 years passed between the exodus 
and the building of the first Temple. 

(3) The first Temple lasted 410 years. 

(4) The pin, or lying waste of the Temple, continued 
for seventy years. 

(5) The second Temple lasted 420 years. 

(6) Ezra 8 died in the forty-first year of the second 
Temple, this being at the same time the beginning of the 
rule of Alexander the Great, when the custom of dating 
documents ditudd^n fbft \D began among the Jews. 

This text is also valuable from another point of view. 
It begins with the statement that the year in which this 
part of the calendar was composed (or first embodied in the 
-WJ&K 3NDn) was A. m. 5089 (a.d. 1329). This date, there- 
fore, takes us back into comparative antiquity, and it is 

1 It may here be noted that the Karaite computation as given in the 
Brit. Mus. MS. Or. 2536 places the exodus at 2446 (or 2444) after the 
creation. 

1 This difference in date between the creation of the world and that of 
Adam is a refinement peculiar (so far as the Museum MSS. go) to Or. 3227. 

3 The Yemenite tradition, therefore, knows nothing of a son of Ezra, 
during whose religious administration the arrival of the Greeks took 
place (see e.g. «ou dVo? vid, Amsterdam, 171 1, fol. to a. 



GLEANINGS FROM THE YEMENITE LITURGY 697 

not impossible that the Yemenite Liturgy, in essentially 
the form in which we have it now, was redacted at about 
that time. A Liturgy in a simpler form, containing all 
the essential elements of the 111D, of course existed in 
Yemen many centuries before ; but it may well be that 
early in the fourteenth century a new departure was made 
in the direction of transforming the "HID into a kind of 
"iltno, and of combining it with a calendar, definite liturgical 
directions, and formulae for marriage-contracts, letters of 
divorcements, and various business contracts. If this be 
so, this introductory chapter on the calendar will have to 
be regarded as a document of very great importance for the 
history of the Yemenite Liturgy. But another point is yet 
to follow. At the end of the Arabic text another date is 
given. There a period of 5268 is stated to have passed 
from the creation to the time of writing. A. M. 5268 = A.. D. 
1508. It is clear, therefore, that the introductory chapter 
prefixed to the calendar computations in Or. 2227 passed 
through a fresh redaction in 1508, the MS. itself belonging 
to 1540, that is, only thirty-two years later. This circum- 
stance would seem to make it more certain still that A. D. 
1329 was a fresh starting-point for the Yemenite Liturgy ; 
for a redactor of 1508 would hardly have left the earlier 
date at the beginning of the chapter, if that date had not 
been regarded as an integral part of the document in its 
original form. 

The text itself may now follow : — 

Or. 2227, fol. 188 b (six lines from bottom). 

'vsrm>\ i>p:i>Ki y&k tub nnfte no 'bv tbttybtt fwi *a main 

pBpto \ra n^x rrin toruD »$>n thy n*w p fs d^n 'hffl 
nj?Dni ruD f[vb« 'noai ii6i nirn» p "wy nriD 'hjd vn tare 
•jnNirtao a«D3N^N p *]$>•} rrrran run | •6aii jo'd mo pawDfn Foi. i8 9 a. 
ne> bw ♦ ne> ihxi roD pf^rn n»KD my }ie>&nn din jn "frit 



6g8 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

PNjn * )*p nhxi WD pyDn »w« ewyi * nat« *&ini paD D»ai nwo 
•ihxi naD jwiDi nDDa ta^no ewyi • bvbbno ibm naD pyao pip 
hdd3 nun PNyi • -pan ninNi hjd pnDi parixi rrNO it- bww • tv 
[tod] patroni nj?3Di nw n^in» e>syi • n^nno nhxi naD jwdi 

T^i bl * TO *li>1N1 [naD] pjKOhl PJJINI iTND Tpi> BWJft * T»i» "T^IXI 

w ihsi njD 'retro DD3 na ewyi • nwu nana ia mm pixa 
jNBiof'M nys pnaoi> waa-ix *ii>iNi naD 'rexo w &w * na^i ore 
ibm nao pnte^ni nooa "tcobik bw ♦ pnaDi rexo no rbo&t* 
pn^rii nya-ix nay ewjn • *iay nhsi nao pn«^r» rbw ewjn ♦ n!>B> 
parit< ijn bwi * iyi t^ini wd priori af>a t^yi • ai>a ihto naD 
ewyi ♦ iiru iIjini naD priori ant? msh • ant? nhtfi naD pr6iii 
i^iki naD pyaD niti crayi * rein linKi naD p-ityyi nyon -una 
Dmax tyxyi * na mhn niw ntna * min pwa ^i bi Dn3N 
n« £ ihna nat? ns» p DniaNi pa!?« bipi> prep nhsi naD 'reao 
nw p pren .*6ip^> 3py* i^ini naD pno prer ewyi ♦ m prep 
naD pnN^hi retro anvD^ ina jk ^n apy> iDyi • dhin nib nat? 
envoi' cr6ira npi pi rut? ntroi d^p mao w w nyiai? 'ip!> 
■•ay nop m "j^i *a p^to pao new prexo N.nao Niaia }k ^n 
Foi. 189 b. paD^N yoa I rboiti trtt® * vin iiy ensoa taie* Dt?po ;n 
yaiNi pa^x onvoo i»N-iB« ana ^n ohy nTSP p fisr rnian^N 
Nin * Q^ixa liona -\bi »a p»oi>Ni naD pyanxi reasoni naD reso 
niaxn nao \ni |iB>N-in din nho *iya Tiba naDi>N 3NDn ^y n^a 
Dnvoo i'N'nE^ nx^'' ^x ohy ni'jp p pa^ ^xk^n »nn ^ya m»v»^ 
nu n»^ saa jn ^n onsoo ^it^ n^v pi • D^isa Dona 
nac owoea s rei n^ >a pa^si naD paxoni fftm yais cipion 
i>n®ro • «^ "'•an p»i onvD pND ^n-ib^ ya nt«6 nat? mso yaisi 
tjnpoi>K nojn * -maincta ^pa!?Ni d*bsib6s insin piva p }N3> ^-i 
li>ia nncn d^^d^n ti^ina D^^aa^N pxai paD nK>yi rexD yaix 
pt^Ni enpo fs »aytc B'Tpn ^ pinx Ka 11 nxra ^i '•a p>obm 
ivanaiaa y^ta oh • niE'yi niND yaiN mi nSra noy noijE' nasty 
a^T' nisini' ni^ei' 'ip^ naD pyaD p-in^N dnti naiaxi yt^in 
reonai Niryi inai bann vtbw n s nat »an nyy tan • nae* cyae* 
.tnd yaiN »a» nu noyi w n>3 mi oopt on^yi nxo dndh 



GLEANINGS FROM THE YEMENITE LITURGY 699 

pya-isi inx '.-no «» * dnWjn nrvby nxi-i^K bp: "j^ii ruD jnev 

"1NV • (sic) jnptt DITUData "ji>Dl IBIDn «~»TJJ IINO W JV3 p3 P 

ti rrim WD pj^k naion tary mo ^« onvoo bvmr< rttw p 
njD^N s)!?t6x nin nsm tnaa * i>tne»3 rfha^N ruto >n5>K rnnta 
nyom rvND yan^i hjd *)t^x 'nr6n rbmbx nxx 6»na ^n 
mo ^n ai^y nm p i^ii ddhj "ji>i »a rrc»6yi>N ruD pyaiNi 
iSdiidn DiTUDaiw ^di tnry mo oyx ruDta mn | nya pi toty Foi. 190 a. 
'n!>n p poj&i rvoina&i p^m^ la'iv jn npita i$n p i>tne» 
«1^n 'pod ^a ai^x irui rmtst? p»i> nai ia NODn »m DWHData 
ia yw ion m-w fiNni ' twins* p»D ntyy nyom maws }Ncm 
wyo pa" 1 d^ ih ibi '•a ity n^> |x^n ^k nnpi p ppno nSbta 
navK Nitfa • t^rna^ >a Qriy -idn *inxini>K In '•im p rra 
pnDi n-jsom pmNoi pjn^n 'riDDa jnoa^K inv EiEm *{>n own* 
'n'D'Yn naDn Nisi • }i6n ^n c^y n-w p ibv 'n'D'Yn p^D h:d 
Va yn roD pyanw nyaDi pmtm Time i»a ">&aa nnxno m^ 
naon tntfi • i^i &i>ya run 's'a '•a 'a'a "iitnoa avta jrai nirno 
roDta '•a ovta twi 'tYn p^o -mx "intmo }&6x ^n rwfo p 
naipn nnNno }t6« ^k m^K p naDn trim ♦ nyn iimo p f£x 
Nina * i?^ tbynQ mtno "•wnd jraii>K v ruD lia p *wn» b 
o^ityy ahyi> nyb cawD • atay^ -p-i^n p nntan« wan kd 

nt^i noxa 

C. A NEW FORM OF THE .TVin ?%> p13. 

This form of the p~ia appears to be, so far as the present 
writer has been able to ascertain, unique, although it is not 
impossible that it may be found in some other Yemenite 
MSS. that have not yet been fully described. It will be 
seen that it begins like the usual text, but after about the 
fourth part of the -whole passes into an entirely different 
form. Its ascetic tone is similar to that of an "On NmMlD 
(see e.g. Jellinek, E>TiDn ma, II, 120 sqq.) and similar 
compositions. Different parts of it are no doubt to be 
found in various compilations (more especially in works 
aiming at principles of niTDn). A translation will hardly 



7<X> THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

be required, the Hebrew being so very clear and simple. 
It will for the present purpose suffice to edit the text 
without further comment. Others may perhaps later on 
collect the parallels from divers sources 1 . It would be 
interesting to know the date at which the p*lS in its 
present form made its appearance. 

Or. 3390, fol. 22 b. 

* anjwai ana -mat? "pa mwn }it?b a^oan w • min pup 
my i6-\ nann ana-6 nan rm&b nnwa pawn ^a 'din "n«d m 
aniw aipnn nx aroa ainxi yn sipj * -\b Kin i^a ahyn bt? xbx 
nxTi nuy m^ata nman nx nwni aipcn nx nwD nman nx 
inaipDi Ntsnn )» inpmo jdmi "its* man p-re nvr6 2 inne>aiDi 
•on nwn nxy •b 'w nniaai n^a n^ni nsy ueo p^nui nia£ 
m [1^] pboi p i 1 ?™ nSiai ni>B>D»i a«n ii> wnu * n-iiaa ^ nra 
monnoi inHao "jhm laanon nroai pais uw pyca nts>yji mm 
n*iin nna jn anna nt^t? -idik pyot? '*i * aha a^yon i>a by 
n-nn nhia * paa by nhy ana at? -inai niata nnai njwa inai 
ana>ya njinani ro^yo a^tso niatant? matan |»1 rwan p 
napca tnp»a na^a sanan naitaen a^ya-wa n^pi mini ya-im 
bijtoi 3wj?n Diyoa pints* Diyoa nyp twoa px ima moitfia 
nywai pw nbpai a*»an nutato aita a^>a a*ix Tiaa px tit 
ncana n^To nowa zbn nfatsa ai>n waa twist? nanya \mn 
" a^TO^nn ^istaai anon pianai a^oan mow* nnwa nuya 
naitj pnno uw r\rh vd nnym ip^na n^n icipa nx Ta»n 
nx anis mp*ren ns ams aipon ns anix nman nx amx i!Dvyi> 
maan nnN ?inn n^i maan p pmnoi an^ian nx ama ninainn 
n*an ay i>iya wwn " ntrnna ms& t6) iio^na iai> d»jo «5>i 
y»ie> awi bm& ii)^bra at^mon tnb&n by itdjjdi niari? lynatsi 
inyiDB' r^om lai ns mn»n * nun nan Tin^ dmj wni ^dwi 

1 It is to be noted that the thd of Amram Gaon has additions to 
min pp 'd taken from son p» yn n3DO. A comparison should also be 
made with i*< p^D of Hon lrr"^ »ai wn. 

a Read imunoi . 



GLEANINGS PEOM THE YEMENITE LITURGY 701 

x^ao noix »ao nan noixn be> nnoi> xn new *dd nan noixm 
nx'ao xw nay rbm " '-anno | atsa *]W> nnDx noxro 'as? nhxj Foi. 23 a. 
troan noxi '? nxn> noan n^nn noix sin pi i^xn ronon b^ 

* tanst? nxnns pn cos? in^ i>an 
xon^ xi>e> two ai>x xi>i d^>x iovy nx dib6 han? *d ni^x 
xh nan • poo my xh nip • coo Ehn xin enn • iovy nx a»nn 
aan^ ma^x nxi ieaty nx a«nn xon 1 xi>e> noi> na $>ai • too nan 
na inw pan nwifc nxa maai usa pi nswa i>pi noaa rp w 
inj6 nica ioaty xs>m> anx »w " p» P ^i^o nw6 nam 
nx paoi ni^n bi Dvn i>a vxsth nmna pDijn aenn ntvob menai 
sh it vna&y punoi acini a^v nmn3 pDiy pxty nyeai b*db6 ia^> 
*anx ^ vnrai vnipna: i>a£> ^ao it •aa b ir pe> a»nn wa 
nano pn ai>iin naw nan i>ai * vao xwb> noa pp^aDO ja^x 
pnann pnx tbx aaoxn noix sin pi woo naio nprnB* nnw 



* ens "oa iDSE>n cnt^o 



low nx &ȣ**? ntn ahjn 'din bv waoix no noix pnar 'n 
ha 11 • pnann pn^ b"n nmn nsns i^ax !na» tbm aaoxn 'ac ataa 
inoana no^ ion pi • din \n loa^n finco ^"n injn dw 
'01x1 jib6 T's a^ni mo -1DIX1 ne>aa ninifD now uib£i va noity 
nsns x^x mat? pioai? "wan onx pxi * mx3 ^ 2,, b pe6 trx 
jni D'n^x w 'oix x'asn pi onon ni^ojai o^oan nansi mm 
^ it npaa ip33 n^ 1 ' isn siy nx nwb rwib onioij p&»i> ^ 
kvi nujji n«y n^ mxuo x'-n anx ^ inprn^i oniob jnoci? jnx 
i>an iniDon^ laya iosj> q^b> onx ne»x " qw nxi" 1 bi> cxi 
i>anK> naioa nn^ai nmx ptyn bne» rainnnn naipDxa xn^i dnvb 
bw dx d'db^ man bs vm inDa d^oa' XT' cnx xn^i na pi?in 
W jno nnx ibax nmai? k»is» x!? co^ new vain ^aa onx 
'•ib'x * nan -won avba niaae* 'jao ^aaioi i?iaa inae> xn^ na 
nx db> "in oi»»h tmth ana ^b> vanni man b nx a^E> '•o 
T«8W"iai vb by inoxi t>^j? tisv nna w nbwb) vv&b Tain 
TW * xin' ohj?^ " nnx wn i^ax Tnjno 8 orwn ^>xi i^j nj:a 

1 In the MS. miAo in one word. 2 Por ta. 

» For DiTDn. * So the MS. 



702 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

bme> na awn b at? rah ^y y>m 'jb> pjya 7x112 i>xs ia$>i 
!>s hnan p avi -iapn pi nyi nn»on av ab?i> * pyi son bo 
D333 nns i$>sai ia *ioiy nns ibai mis nsn nns iba T^o m^ 
Foi.a 3 b. «]3 nso^ s^e»i x son bw fftmn *m *pi> b nb» tbw | na p-6 
*x>b pae>ni p jjt»S> "iny nns ima be ia p^yo *pa*s be* 
ba enn imm b spoio snn ai>iyf>i * n'a'p'n a»abn *ab ib> 
b sb po nns ps ^n rbnw bash p-iin p nns psa> ai 1 

* pO n^NI B*0. "101B *1DSJB> BHWO "ISP b V "IflKI mm »13T 

nnsp hy b msiso iW B>in ai* ba *jn-iin b two nns bsi 
1$> nnoi -pip b ^ pbdo n"apnt? sb my sh woo *inao 
bi nsbi b Bb>i> " v:sb inia6 av ba niK>*in nvan mpm* 
la^n 11 w nptj> ijao }b« moba tnn naDino mm naio bwnn 
pan >m ob'wb " iay» sh ia^ w sh 1x1m ant^a nas ib* na 
sson nes bi sin mna aipon ibune* immo no^i mob pi 
Dim *jW i? 11s -iDis »in ny bai av ba * nts>y naio nwi' "jm 
1$> mm ws iW av be? mm mob ay np*re ia mw sS 
abta * ( *uoo nnv nhm mo ~i^ psa> nmnn p ban sb "obi 
)n* nipn b» ^>is ima naya jm ny bai av ba trern e>pao ■•in 
,T.y{j>i pi pni{j»i main yew *o ne>s * nanna yae» '■n^ maoi> 

* pm mobo minDn ab ^a wo-mb «nh a-'aoi' mrw *u idis 
'a ynsi t^oba "ob moB» p b »noba si? p b ^ nry a»nb ^1 
b nnyon b a^oan nos ia imno b -rayon ncs " tnas sb 
b nt?s * y^a b nayi py ss?3 iosjk* vye»a £ p-rayo vnno 
nn a\nb »nar idin sm pi na-in nbt?i naioj mm sjvip wsk> 
mm «»se» "-o b mes * nran si? a\nb naiai naKO ai> maw 
mm ny 'y» sui> 2 nmyi? s^s nna^ pst^ mn a^iya mm maaa 

nvv \nib bn seiji inn T">«o n^s " pinx avi> pne>ni ne'iab 
ba vja njj i^si ii»s b nx a^^ ns ne's * Dn rt w iosy nnyi 
Dan»s vo* b ana lovy ns mb^» i^n ^o* b wbvnb nam ny 
aa^o 1 ' be> Bancs * a^oya noa ibo nann an^yc an^sni D*pnv 



1 In the MS. in one word, like mtAe noticed before, to thus becomes 
a kind of proclitic of the noun following. 
3 MS. nrurt. 



GLEANINGS FROM THE YEMENITE LITURGY 703 

eniaai> pro yp *b fw maxb ona^m ^rrona onia artbs 
nvba nroo t6 py -idik ainan tin^yi iw sh *po oniKam 
ova ny»i> "■? I aiD '»ixi £ canon new * "6 nara& iw nn^irPoi.a 4 a. 
by \my rmsn new ~\wb brm\ b new * ia *Din ytvi * ms 
twyo rmyn' bi * inhr pxi nna catan '•ata *]!>» imin hn tob> 
^ naiT pyi son bao law na»8 "xtaerw nabi ono -inn nS»*« 
••sha v\bx Dn^y nn s i nam mxann Wn worb paxn niaan 
n^w pj> io pto nijw pxi pa» pxe* ny niaa-i *aan am epa^N 
•TO1N sin pi D^ivb jpinon *»aa yi»e£ nha* jnx psi nwii> 
nanK& ne»y> in^ir cnta nna"i n!> py man «h iy»e» n^ d^jjdi 
naion ba nx naefc pha" 1 rwnb ttpnra na jn^ 'n'a'p'n -my " ii> 
^puni> 'n'a'p'n Tny idin ^ ja yew '-i pm oniis ^rao Nine* 
e"> mtok i»mni> 'jp niohy nn^yi nixo e>i>e» pro pnv b$> 

jy^on toom T"o 

-iKnetn nd by \w>& nwn-o sini n-w inai sin ina 

In the margin against the end of the p"ia ('iai 'n'a'p'n "my) 

in a small Rabbinic hand:— p*ia bs "inN mjxn nst BnDiK 

: masn i>y n^n nieian ^y e*np Dnoix pxe> ""S^ oyoni pnai 

D. An introductory chapter to Seli^oth. 

This hfB is taken from Or. 2327, but is found in several 
other MSS. of group II. It will suffice to indicate the 
main features of the chapter. A point is made at the 
outset of the importance of faith in the efficacy of 
repentance. If, so the argument runs, the sinner does 
not believe in the possibility of his restoration to Divine 
favour, he would continue in his bad courses, seeing that 
there is no help for him at all. But if he knows that he 
can by means of repentance return to his former state of 
moral healthfulness, he may make an effort to reform his 

1 MS. m-rtro. 



704 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

life. Touching on the old problem why Providence has 
ordered things in this way and none other (tna ]ta zb), the 
answer to this and similar questions is that so it was 
willed and that so Divine wisdom decreed it (Niai KE> N"ia 
nnoan niripx). Man's conduct is declared to be in man's 
power. The justice of God in distributing rewards and 
punishments is thus vindicated 1 . Nothing escapes the 
Divine eye, not even the weight of the smallest insect 
(rni tapriB) 2 . It was for the purpose of guiding man into 
ways of repentance that the Day of Atonement, as well as 
the feast of rotOTi K»N"l, and the intervening days of penitence 
were instituted. The object of blowing the trumpet is to 
rouse up men from their sluggishness and faulty lives and 
call them to a new and better life. Regarding the collec- 
tions of nin^D that follow the h?3 the writer says that the 
learned poets have composed many pieces bearing on 
repentance, but only some of these have been brought 
together in this place, the entire number of pieces being 
too great to be included in the collection. He then gives 
some forms of confession suggested by certain Biblical 
passages. At the end the duty of reconciliation to men 
with whom one may be at variance is insisted on. If the 
person wronged has died, pardon should be asked at the 
grave in the presence of ten other men. 

It would be interesting to ascertain the time when this 
piece was composed. The suggestion is made here that its 
date is either about 1329 or 1508 (see under B), but further 
investigation is necessary. 

Or. %i%% fol. 103 b. 

pa ana -ltnpt&Ki dkAn^ni n«y»fo \n nainta \» t&m ' bva 
"iok 1$n iNpnjttO yvibx by notub nsna amy yvbtn 'jm w 
Tip 11 «h 3 jni3j rb vb In imibx Tpnyx b \tb njmB&N *a cvj? 

1 Thus agreeing with the well-known maxim : D'o© wvo yin ansa) 'ra tan. 
7 Thus laying full stress on the doctrine of mens anion. 
3 For janDi (&}/*). 



GLEANINGS FROM THE YEMENITE LITURGY 705 

jy d*s np n6y Tsn l^i nxoa "6y nvD ds*j!> nsa s» ynno' 
naini>s ispnys y» nds'sdhi iann ni> 'p3 nsy sh nDaa 
p sn-ipai nDaj5> nsnjs sea 'myea nonp niJr pi ^n * jsna^sa 
noaa s-pa bpnDD^N 'a nawi>s npyi *£d s5y 'yn rrr> pa asm i^i 
nyi np 'yn n&s )si> dp pv »»a» tb jsai n^a p^a avi's nass 
SDiW panp anasi ans \» -itasia 'yn ntb\h nn^wai nnonna 
ih n$> nai 3sni soas jd njna Dire 'nta n«-usai>N 'ipi>s i»s^ 
tap 'Da* ai> nea W js junoo S>sp js 1x311 -riai^N 'a any» .-usi> 
son* t6 "it?s onx ps *a i? istan' "o t«pi lina 'a^s ine> npi 
l!n hsi>a ♦ san' si>i am nw nt?s psa pnx ps din 'a i>spi 
s»a sn'b 1D131 snuo siaxn sis anai:ri npb^ n»D' js 'yn se> 
ni?i *a asuta b • sia )ss d!j 'yn rovW> Sp t6i amjisi sty 
ntynt^s nysip$>s | pi ♦ nnosn mnps siai sb> sna nfaB's s»i Foi. 104 a. 
si> n6s 5>saD nnx^Di nns& jsi rrra }sd:ik$>s w "\tt npnya js 
'si bw js 'yn sb> i>a rvsyoa in roan ^Dy3 nnnpi 'yn pus 
% sb> T3 sb> n^y *V*aD ma W js nsns s»i ni> jsdjs^s 
i"ud my nt? b i>y napsyi nW "va i»a % 'yn rrota' iHi>a 
l^iai * HDaji? 35dd$>s in nSs^ nDW p »Dsaf»s }sdjs$>s ^1 nsva 
rvby saai si> 'yn nasi nynt^s nysip jo aspy^si sni>s ispnys 
snppn ^s snWa jd 'yn may p65no m»s^N b b prin ^spno 
ns'ns pni>s^N nyia am» nix s»3 o^sy/S ma Dnp^a hjs n^n jo 
im syoa p»i5sybs p yNDpas^ss pnbsD^s nysmi nnasi syi 
nain^N ^yi js n^ra!?K nnonn pi • sjDaas 33D jnai can soa bivbx 
naini>s ^s 3 jap^sa s^sDa^s p »ea pni p 2,, s i»iapD^N ya^sa 
sh] nDas ni na nsaa ^y asm noaaa jTim ^"i p ^a pi * iwi 
pa' js pi$>aK& n^>yj'' oi> n3D^s »a w 'yn S3^» ^ya an 4 [nn ni» b 
n'a i>ynn js tnea n'a yity p $>ai> jsnaii nnsoD av isn^s i?i 
"«o» nrn ova 'a iT-a 'yn n^ip^ ma^s av in ni^s n^ni nam 
as"xi nam av 5>yai nnan ' , ;' , ixb 'nsan bo asns nnD^ D3^y 
naas p i^ii nBsa^ mainta 'na^Di suii'ss nsnpsi nsoajsi 
e>sn av fs si's nspnys^s pi • si'b 'yn sna ayjs ni's noyaus 

1 For ]triBi ( { JJie-). " In Or. 2389, fol. 49 b : JM. 

5 Read iDp'te. * The words in brackets are omitted in Or. 2389. 

VOL. XVII. 3 A 



706 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

cbwbx ''by Dam nt^Dtai nwDnta pm rfai fnbtt nv in rotwi 
nmafoi nnnbtn yutai n5i^i ni»^i nam^i apD^xi nnv^Na 
5>ys iW>b • rmyo^Mi njwoi»« nnj }» din m pn!>* nd !>a »pxai 

WflB»1 nb&i^M DW |» D^MJ^K VOW* Tin!' IBI^S 3"1X iTB 

Foi. 104 b. >ipni>K DirS nain^a | taMonn^Na nna-i o.tiidk mhn Dniwoyt* 
awii'N djt jo pifitano on npi t&ts iisata ai» w nd mni> 
pb ijn Noa -lwufo ii>i <a |N"ia5^xi nnNcoiw iwa xwaaiw 
mi>N dn^k nin ninxl'D anpiw p rtfzbx '•a iinsyo ^ii>a * n^nncK 
rop*ii6x -ixnaKi naiem '•d' 1 nicy nddji mi marata ^n iwn B*n p 

UDnDNI ny-JE^N nDNIN p iTB $>D3 ND S>3 'iTlpm ni15»i>K Wl 
DN^aa DINID^NI DWafo »D 1$5M ^N^N iTina 101p* |K DnyDJ 

p QiTTk liaw nia on k£» maru^ dW^ anai natal jfisn 
• ntaxta '•if }N ^n i^n^n W6k *po p *£ii ann&i an^taa 
d^n nin n'-Ki in niiai> -uaaiw nvb nnrna nisjnvn iafh linai 
'neano nStoo rfboa f>iKpK Niyci'N twbvbx pys 'kibSr npi • anb 
3mm nosm '•a!? dbj^n ana inpm 'yn nn» pa ana invn*S> n»5>k 
pc n^ mma m ix *pts T^i jo ansN ft? nwrn * nbtsto nam 

a t«3JN fnjD 5>Xn ND i?3 0*SJ^»K *inxf»N3 ^i f>3 HD'-h WONyW 

pai&K -iN3nyx pj^«i • ih p *ima ospo n*ppn mntn rftefci 
n^ nd iWa ind^n na pm xoa iDxaiw dkt!?ki nj5sn koi 
namta 'nam • *W>n wbpubm nainiw nya m5n nsta^Ni ynin^K 
na«jpv nxna lai^i mjwa wiy TiNDn Sp^ 'j?n iTT pa mm* jn 
di^n "in*" on * anr >nb» nrb xem oyn xnn wn 'j?n 'ipi» 
nnw mom ,| 31E> nn« '•a 'tpb xna nd ^y fiDNni»N '.fw siSktim 
«aabN *i^S> iiy *pa. nd ;ni nami>N ipy an • tt 1 f>y mpao Tim 
iiy *p3 nd }N 'jm ns3^N n^y nn^i • anm 1 anyi m»i 'ipi> 
Foi. 105 a. b)a nxtaa "i5im 'u^ | wseb wrhx iiy now &61 'ipi> 1^ 
msoni yiN -on we »a- ni»ipb qini maiofo n^y ata'-i moy 
'ip^j rr-a jsa ni'N n^N *ii ^b Nnb n^eyN a^p^i • -non hh 
rtfs pdk ih nyin aamo «ts» '•a nn'-wo ns cni'K nti 'yn 
mpn^sa inaM bv®z now* n^i n3-i5!?N ^x mb jo ^pw 
yp* ab »nr^ nts^K ho dipnoi maa ^y |?m onion twpo^w 

1 In Or. 2389: ND3. 



GLEANINGS FROM THE YEMENITE LITUKGY 707 

.nyoa sin h*n sisa ♦ »nsono :isns t>is >js wa *a 'ipi> m-ja 
ses?i>s iwi 6d^ ps^nni>s nas? y'ftni'Ki jtntix w wna 
nana cams anai^o sans iwpi • wsansi wsn vain 'ip*> tasai>s 
mini's vi mna ' vnsaii ™ nos anph pmni> oih? aii>B> i>spi 
jSon 1 " so i>ap psai niwrinos fsMsi>s ^j> ar '•ni's nin:sai>s 
sayi>sa noyi?s bs rte» si£ nat^si manors fsis '•a pxai soa^s 
ba ,Ta S? joa So oyai aoisao w i>a ^a n-a S»p }oa pa 1 " si>i 
S^ sin "pnnina wa Tsni3 ns man S»spi a^ai? "pnaa w ny 
nam ni> sn» si? lin S>ysaa *ni ains sjsi avS>s '•Das jsajsi's 
T^Jffl * mini's nnn in is s»nS>s nnsi ^y im s*ti v i>n no^y i»i 
tn^si ni>ijs sj^ya roa^s i>ap ntfrnijsi roota f>ap nami'sa hrbaa 
T>nson pyai yym aya wnc ama hipoijs phapoS>s pa»xni>s \o 
»n^s )SDasi>s »S>y W so S>no nas aS>ysi • T'nS'sa >a ^s naiE* 
aa> "jina 'yn naoi nan ni's ansoi>s jo nainiw 'yn n^ pa 
nnna naoi nao fsa ?s nnsoo^s ran aiw nans*S> s'Tm' 1 .tSv 
nsiihn»i mo aw» }s aasi bi»s ?nd5? 'nai>i is it"om is nasa rp"^so 
jsi h®v on rfi-e *& rb may jsa jsi nnsooi>s wo aS>m mi Soa 
anosTp 5>ipn map ^y anapi Dsas nnsry ias-a nona ''Sin np | jsa Foi. 105 b. 
jsa jsi na i>ya so -la^v j*3k>S>s siniji 'yn rbb n^oas '5s spn 
snm • nisi nb tby tb is pn noi* is nnnniS> may* i>so ni> may 
' nni in sod Txpni'S p»-\n by S>2faS>s snn »a nnana n^sn so 

Added to the i^a is a portion beginning: mi'si'S 'navi 
losi'sa ihio' js onsni jsa }s naitwi w nntyy »a Wiw t)snosa 

'131 pn^s i>Di aasia nas^s 'mb ^s 

E. 

The introductory chapter given under D, is followed in 
Or. 2227 by a series of nin'i'D which generally bear the 
title: Conn i?s!? ronta, and it therefore seems appropriate 
to give now an alphabetical list of these pieces, together 
with indications of authorship, &c. In order, however, to 
make the series complete, pieces not found in Or. 2227 
have been added from other MSS. of the Museum Yemenite 

3 A2 



708 



THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 



collection. It is only necessary to remark that where no 
MS. is mentioned by the side of a piece, Or. 2227 must be 
understood as the source. In all other cases, the MS. from 
which the piece is taken is named, although it must be 
understood that the piece in question may also be found 
in one or more other MSS. of the collection. It should 
also be mentioned that pieces found in Zunz are left without 
indication of authorship unless the MS. itself names the 
author. Information supplied by the MSS. themselves is 
in all cases given by way of supplying the evidence which 
such information affords. 



own btb nin^D 



•>o6q rrap -ix3x (3*k and mini ^ 
!>ki»b> wa *6n). 

WIT J1K WPOX DWK i>3K (acr. 
1 1PP3 a>WH WVK. Or. 2320. 

s cnna rbw dvk S>k (acr. pnK). 

Or. 6354. 

i>"» tnw p). 

n^ D3$> IDT i>N (p flCD JWH }D 

{>*? kits). 

*lSwD3 ID i>K (acr. \T|3 DmaK 

mty p -vkd). 
D^nn mix riK wjmn m^x ()d 
b"\ tnty-p orrox jxin). 

roiyo Dnp \1$>K (same heading). 



•pnnn pipa cn^x. 

Tmrw dt£x (*bn nw )xv>n p 

Pd!>K I^K (3"x). Same heading. 
*1BK» »3>1K DX. Same heading. 

wa w nuiy ax. 

«m» IDJIDX (acr. Dn3X). 
r6run ii> 1t?K pox (acr. Y>H »iK 

ptn .T|1p3 *tt]>i>N 13). Or. 

2418. 

4 *vym xtwn xjx (nB>» jxvn |d 
b"\ xnry p). 

"plpl! TDK (acr. pflK). Or. 
2418. 

wm »nae> nnax (}xm jo 

$>*? x-iry p orroK). 
on nye> nnnax. 



1 The same as irvsi • " • vnN in Zunz, Literaturg., p. 398, but here only 
»-' and 3. 
* Apparently the same as nvn nVffi DVN ■>» in Zunz, Literaturg., p. 684. 
8 Sometimes -|VlWM 'n b» "w. 
4 Acr. rroa in vers. 3-4, the piece consisting of four verses. 



GLEANINGS FROM THE YEMENITE LITURGY 709 



1 W> mxn Dips (onnas jam }d 

^r mty p). 
d-pit? *1D> *1B>K. 

ns-im d* 6 iw. 

nmyo bow ns (acr. -an pnx). 

ivy-i ^na r»K (3"s). 

133W S>y nan (acr. pin dyf>3). 

W311T T.B3 nt dV3 (acr. vers. 
2-4: v6). Or. 2418. 

rotwi &vra nt Wa. Or. 2390. 

incr i'NIK''' *33. Or. 6354. 

Wlp *1K>33. Or. 2418. 

'•Sly "1133 13 QV3 B>*in^ Wy3 
(the same as in Zunz, Litera- 
turg., p. 344). 

nnnax dh-ok vi^n ow (jam )d 

&? ^n mw ; 3"k). 
nioiN '«* DW3 dhy i« '«» OBD 

(3 " X) - 
2 NDn ub& .-Mn Tnin. Or. 

2418. 

d^n npp3 bxn nyn (acr. hw). 
Or. 2673. 

cyn ny3B> w (acr. Jw3i). 

Or. 2418. 

^3D to" 1 ^3fl }DT (acr. vers. 2-4 ; 
WK>). Or. 2418. 

wren win. Or. 2418. 
pbx vh dy -vtr\y (acr. >£ nw). 

Or. 2418. 



>3 nnro nx T (irregular 3"«). 
Or. 2418. 

D^BTO D'h <T (ffTIT IKYH )0 

i»ST ^n; nw). 
yoB> ji>i>y tt. Or. 1480. 

K>»N» ITT (acr. miT). 
BHp D3>T (acr. pny). 
1N5»N K3K T. 

Wi DV3 i?W> t (}3 pror id5> 

J13SV TtO^ T (miiT |N1H JD 

&r ^n; miir). 

"]»e> "l^bo T (mini). Same 
heading. 

•pent* *ps? T. 

wan ijni*. Or. 2418. 

ibd" 1 >3W "jnv. Or. 2418. 

bit "3a mi>n5> nnxa dv. 

nTun im ww dv d?. 

T113D >3^ d? (ntoi p pny *»$> 

5>*T ; acr. WW prw). 

3na»n$> dv &1 *bn ht.t jwi p). 
Toys diTy dv (nsi p pnx* idS> 

S>t). 
s >3*in TTot nvti (mm jkt» p 

b"i Kity p). 
■•ann no nsv. 

ontw 1333 !>y nnxsw n3i* (p 
i>St ii^n min» jam j acr. mini). 

nma n31\ Same heading. 



1 To be distinguished from nW> msn Dips of Benjamin b. Zerah. The 
present pieces show the acrostic DrniN. 

a Comp. Zunz, Liieralurg., pp. 394, 677. In Or. 2418 the acr. tti is 
shown. 

3 Acr. n«o in vers, a-4, the piece consisting of four verses. 



7io 



THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 



oat? inw nw (acr. niin>). 

Same heading. 

J11WJ iyt> (acr. IflW). Same 
heading. 

ruim *ry sere (acr. priv). Or. 

2418. 
\\vh If? (acr. ,TWV). 

>njMn mw. Or. 2673. 

N^ Ty MP iWM ^ (acr. pTO 11 *JM 

mw j3). 
qim no '«> (1lj3 jopn noi>e£). 
nyp jidm nnx • • • py» 7 (jd^d 

"1*3 e>"a n"N). Or. 2673. 
l «hp DM M3 JJOB> '*«. Or. 2418. 

apy 11^ (&t ^i mm* jkvi j»; 
aci\ mirr). 

D»mar •©"in vse (acr. nw). 

Or. 2418. 
*3iy MB>13 ^^ (acr. »mw). 
J13* flD" 1 . Or. 2418. 

wru yen any. Or. 2418. 

wyn wiy (>iS*i min 1 ' jmvt jo 
i>Sr; acr. mi.?). 

f^ liw (W 'CD). Same 
heading. 

envoy >natf (rwi p prop ioi» 
b"i; acr. pny). 

bwi w (i>vr s tbn mw fan jo; 
nw). 



D3in paxi snw (acr. nw)- 

Same heading. 

nv rfB^I n^. Same heading. 

B^B> D1\3 J1B»'Hp'» (acr. mii?). 
Or. 2418. 

o*t*tk cnv- 

naa ■w vrv (acr. min 1 '). Or. 
2418. 

♦roMfi o!>en*v (»^n mw jmih p 

ynd? tben-e (>i^n mm* jMin jo 
i>5t; acr. nnin''). 

' *M1p3 Dm^M *3yOB». Same 
heading. 

n*a?* iyts*. Or. 2418. 
*1WK nf>* i»M **i*na fonts'*, 
•pyi pay i>M *-i*ru font** (to 
!>St **5n mm* fMin ; mm* 'o*d). 

vnp Dy i>M-|ty* (a"M after first 
verse). 

TOP T»y i'MIB*. Or. 6354. 

*5>Mi3 i« *i>yaoa. 
nans oya fori ok{> (mm* jmvi jd 
i>§?*i$>n; pm **5). 

W1 *3103 B>*M$> (n» folpM JO 

6 ^r *£). 

>anpa ism 1 ' *3$> 5 . Same heading. 
nVSIV *3*y i? 5 . Same heading. 
13*33 i>*B3 *ji>. Or. 6354. 



1 See Pinsker, Sp TDipf>, p. xai. 

* First four letters double. 

3 But see Zunz, Literaturg., p. 400 (assigned to Fpv). 

* After the introductory verse : jttm -rat, npw tdi, on ow toi, jaw tot, 
&c. Refrain : "psc 1 ? ns» to wan '3 •vro cm. 

6 i.e. pnS» apr' 53 'rt 'i. 



GLEANINGS FROM THE YEMENITE LITURGY 71I 



TOW} *]1BE>K "fan *»3b5>. Or. 

2418. 
"HDII njJB^ (acr. 1«:»^). Or. 

2390. 

nia^n wo (p two {wi |o 

i>"? Nity). 
■6oy3 d*i*6 jrov no (ikvi p 

bw ^n rnirv; , apo). 
rehtt nay ^n 11 *o. Or. 2418. 
^nDjn nw "floa ''O. Or. 1480, 
py kb>v» Diom *6o. 

T>i1J?m T^D (acr. niV3D). Or. 

6354. 

ddip ny3 dduo. 

w nxB>o (joty p ns?o jkvh jo 

n*nn^» Binntj'o (rrw j«n jo 

i»5t *iSi; mine 'cd). 
nix *3J noo (jj» ppn noW; 

fXO^D). 

nr6e>n '** oy. 
a nnani» ttcnn nys? ny. 

»10B> DV^N non (K-* after the 
first verse). Or. 2389. 



tiW Tom O^n mw }nih )o 

i>ST ; irregular acr. of mvp ?). 

nyup nyot? (3j5 japn noW>). 

WD ri3B>. Same heading. 

D»Tl*W D»1W. Same heading. 

tWYI DTlK M 131P (of Israel 
Nagara). Or. 1480. 

mpi • • • • ''ymth vtrta w 
nmp^ nw np*o. 

n3K nnht? (acr. noi>B>). Or. 
6354- 

wonn ^3 rvzbw (* ppn noW> 
5 pNn b dbib> (ayj jopn noW>)< 

niNJI fllW. Same heading. 
ninr6 *nDp *ine\ Same heading. 

6 niym *jibdk>. 

WOK ^ 1W. Or. 2389. 

nhax nf>OB> (jyl jopn no^). 

nioy n^13B>. Same heading. 
jvi>y '«»1^ T . Same heading. 
1BD OTMB>. Same heading. 
"1X01 «n "0B>. Same heading. 

i&*m iwoy $>w. Or. 2418. 
George Mabgoliouth. 



1 Three verses beginning -pD3 x> i then double 3*M, followed by 'jk 
p» pin tern© [j]a ntoi rrnrp. 

2 Acr. bwmffi rrnrr D»a» ; end, nVro W rrt» p:\ Comp. Zunz, Literaturg., 

P- 343- 

3 rnwn w*. 

4 But in reality by ncnso iwn «i?3 pas '2 rroSto 'i. See Zunz, Liferaftwigr., 
p. 3". 

5 On the authorship see Zunz, Literaturg., p. 312. 

6 In Zunz, Literaturg., p. 367 : 7TOOT. 

7 But in reality the author is toman \ See Zunz, Literaturg., p. 408.