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THE RABBINATE OF THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, 
LONDON, FROM 1 756-1842. 

By C. Duschinsky, London. 



APPENDIX VII 

Extract from Minutes of the Beth Din of Frankfort 
relating to the sale of Rabbi Tevele's house ' Zum Griinen 
Schild '. 

MS. Adler, No. 935, page 187 a. 

r"ap n'a 

n'a pin naot? ~b^ w-\i dix ma ^n n-pao p mnD-iD n'y 
n'a 'Jiinn manD <'p -6'etrn two n'a n'ini» p'a spt? -pko 
-i\xd n'a jo imb5> jnn bo ^«n ir^ n'a pnn n'm l'y to two 
'<n ton -its>N3 mnDnD na» i>a •£ jw»b> td two n'a ;oi -i^ewn 
nnw nnx ^a manna w^b pvoi 710:6 ha* '^n ptwn -iid-id 
K^t? -i^sn d w p$> DnsnsDipa now .ionn b":n nnisw ntwai 
anno ^Jn e>*n -pud n"ac ntfs mina hnxdi d.-6 ijppin unxo 
raiotr o'n enn nycnn joi o"*i enn nt?on b":n -irb n'a$> ]rvb 
nv a"i cnn nya-ix ^ ;nv i"-i: ept? tko n pin to pnjj 
<jm ro jnj'n =) vp'~n "oni o"n "? rcpn i^Da pr i*v wind 

Page 198 b. 

n"a 

yam »"-» ^'a «i»e> tkd n'a pnn ywin n'n u»jb!> xatr i*y 

a'n whs k ^ d?w i'x* i^wn "Vno n'a m'n n'n jo 

dk ii> nW> nxnt? a^trn i^wn tkd n'ai iin? ma *vn m'opo 

345 



346 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

,iai ait? -tiy udd yarv n^ci ita poi^cna mrno f|v tkd n"a 
nxn ijw pi vi>y myan iiy ii> sw r"y tci t^c tnd n'ai 
t"v awi irn e>"i tkd n"ai ,ii>e> a"n pyrsn mxi> iy nny yxn^ 
mc ait? £e> potawn pny nxno wk b":n ppc -pud n'atr ihkd 
yvm ny p"i cnn px pi pro px ^"^n a"n 'Din ii> d^ nxn 
unp 'di b"in a"n pyi'ao niaji> mme> ^n iWdii tnd n"a 
'xn p^n i>y nhyt? prx imp 'di mint? lewa nit? nun id prx 
Tina trii'aa -on i"u p"a *|'tr ^aj)D n"iDa aini> t'b' 'w n'a 
"Vjopn 'ieti iy aW> ^>"jn sptr tkd n"a ainDt? ita i"a ntryo 
IV1D ^"jn spe> tkd n"ai> T'c "mb> mnxn n'a 'xn p^n i>yi ^"an 
iy aW S>*on spt? tnd n"a aino .it d«? i>":n tr"i tnd n'a 
nxn pa jj'm jdt iy nn'sn ii> ccr *ie*a ^"yan r"cpn ntwi 
a"n pyi'an ;d rlyo p:'X i:np 'di niaui> >"3n cr'i tnd n"a 
pyi'sn ma"nnntr maia "w ^ aw ^"n epB> tnd n"ai ^n 
n"T micn^ pi i>":n tr"i tkd n"ai> tbvh yyt u'K d"d vi>y "nv 
'did nia:^ bia* u'k pa laoyDayr snin iy aW for 1^ e" pnyi 
pj'x imp 'di iaor iaytr ma am Nine ip'oiax idsti a"n pyis 
&•> b»»t t«nd n"at? Disai laDyosyT enn iy n'a ny pnnni> bvtr 
unp nai bv ia pnnn^ bvtr a"n runanyo nw ny a';tri> v^y 
non nr 5>m nt anTiuyua und tovynn ^"n "xn rum ,$>"jn p'v 

tnd n"a 'mnn ni'm 

Page 199 a. 

D"VP 

ruion n"pa a'DM ixiaoa ^"jn tr'i tnd n'a niNinna ip 
n'na d'disdip fipma b"in amvn aoxy iDnntr nnxi /jub^ 
unvdi .anii uppiu unxo nv icn ba a M pi» B'Idd id Djpai 
5)a'n ^"m P|ny tsd n"ai> tbvk b":n c"i tnd n"a m"n ainoc 
'aa pDii>B>nn 'm'c uub!> BiTjc ixinntr 'sa ^"3.1 a'n nai tdi 
di'b n"m n*n loyoa nr usa n^c nt inypjsa 'nniD 'jk> n'a'c 
a"n w 1 ? by po^trn jsixn b"m c*i tnd n'ai in^bc px-s n'a 
b":n s|'b> tnd n*ai> b"^ no nonoi ^"i tnn ihn po px ^"an 
inx^ iy wxb yxni> nxn wti ,b>*:n b»"i tnd n'a p yianb ny 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON— DUSCHINSKY 347 

aipn msb a"nx jnarfc ^la's? iov pint? uxxo ^":n a"n jiyvsn 
niaji> nxnB> no nonoi t w)skv d'oiboip spina Divya nnn pnrr 
inixt? uxvo ,i>"3n a"n jivtbh p p'x n:np 'on e>"n n'xo n'a 
^ayo frToa 2-\rb TV ''W rva *xn piri $>y nhytr pnt n:mp w 
'xn mix px /iva b"m a"n pvn'a 'ono mia^ ha* lrx /n: spo 
na w i>"jn eptr txo n'ai? i«t? 'nc n*a ntn p^n p pmnp 'on 
nv n'3 'wi 5>"j.n a"n p-jrvan p in«^ ^"jn t?>"n txo n"a no 
^y xw avnn dx b":n D'onaoip spina nrwa nnn nx pn.n aip's? 

■vxd n"a pn.n n'n 

Page 199 b. 

a"v 

'v wind XV fv E>"n n'xo n"a n"i.n !>y in b"a in": p"a T^ 

.(Pt/oni) ^o"m 'jxi o'n "^ V'opn p\a aio "j 

Page 20a b. 

n'a 

ntn nayn ;vd a"i& i"a n"os o"n n"a i.t,nd xi*' iaa^ nnx 
nxtnna x:yn D"s n"a nSnpn px: 'ninn n"n 'msn iwb5> ixai 
n"a m"n n"n p yam i"-ia ep^ n'xo n"a pnn 'nnn noyoai 
;pe> n'xo n"a pnn p n'a 'vn nn'aotr 'nnx jjnoi nb'twn n'xo 
'on vrbw rvbwvw nt ;aix i>y "ti i>"jn i^cn n'xo n"a^ 
anp pi'onyo njinc 'on poi^nn p ioai no^nn nn'Do na: nn'ao 
"pt nw nnx x -\:*bip px bn "\n' 'nnun V^t? wn p 
i>*3n B>"n n'xo n"a n.~6ni "'aa ip'oiex nocai ?ip noea nxuoai 
^>c n'?e» ^"jd turn o'njjn n"a <ninr6 nooi ir:p nx a^p x^ 
s?nn px nno no^nn titdd nj: axa fx B»^trn v:n i?"an naicn 
*mr n"i px po^cnn ana a"n nronyo njioen p:va px nnoi n"n 
"'anaa pjnv ''n ^":n c"d n"a^ ^"an onjya n"a D-.x^an ncxai dis 
p»Tany vn» *»n x^t? a"n a^ni ^"jn poi^nn nx npii>n nrc T.X'n 
^'sr n'xo n'a ?nn yyn nt i>jn "inr x"' x p^np px nrnb nnam 
;yn n^nj r6iy xints* t"y pyvx nno oral ^ap^ nxin nyr »a^ b":n 
*b jru nrx poi^nn pai php pa cnenn 7, .n xi> nysn mixa "a 



348 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

nny in swi tam vsb icy tt6 nm t6 nx»i> ^n "pyi> pn 
jo i>"jn spt? "l'MD n "3 P"^ wn w"6 b'in npiSn ton pewit? 
aw jn poi^cnm j'inpn pa tw enann i>"an tn'o n'a npii>n 
p« DToyna' ii> jruc a"n wmyo n»nn "inr nncy tu& niw 

^"n D'nna jd pit tub n'a van pre 

Page 203 a. 

(x"y 3"n *p) 

inncro ncasi iTa uw no dj iti pny utw a"n inixe> b"in 
(!) nwa 'naun jor toko onnx a'n ii> ama' my it nnn wani> 
it nnn orsc a"n jniK hatyai "inr ncy nnx n \b~ip px d^ 
ii> d^b> naac jiiwn a"n ton hw nm ^nucb -it?as< T&a "\ti 
nswo nxoi' hb6c b":n spa> o"-ina yan pre p« b":n t?"n e'nna 
ep«2> tn"na ]»in jyiei a"a nciy pro pai ni^np pa mann nyac 
"inr nt?y ire* s irinp px nnotra tyiTaa ama ia Dit?oe> i>"jn 
1^ ni^yn^ tix ntc pi'-ip nbi? nnns< yaoea npii>n h tbw dk na 
nun 1 ? "i 'tt"*6n nbiy vcayi yaee imxi ni^np pac 188 y^s^n ba 
pro px iyw kiibm "irhp p« ix £ dW> npii>n a'ine pa 
,iwai> raion n"pa nsoaea nnTiuyraa (i)-p-iNm nND^ "1 ^ya 
txo n"a n"n \xaj n"m noyeai nxtnna to tnd n'a y-iwn n"m 
"inr ne>y ins* n php px ''ama dx sin 'nniDn ttib> aw s?"n 
trrn in -irhp d^b6 pha' nx x->idxj px lyix ainr pn ama xi>i 
dW T"iv irx pa e"n enno -inv 3id nya xin pro "mix o"n 
•oao nrhp pk Npn ''.t nocn njnae* Dual a"n nucbi yi'N^ ii> 
na^sn onD pap noc ima ama^ 1^ '\n "inr n" 11 n nuca ama no 
n« HNoi> "j ni^ipn nya n^yc no [yiL3 niyi ni^ip crcni nwo 
p't3K» n"T mnirn mxiiv 'aa a"n poibena nvnb Tivtr yao pjva 
pDi^nb na nvni> imvn jd "in xb ;*3p nyca nya mis<ai rua^i 
li^np jin xpin *vp noe>n pts^c sjki pDy nron jnDna pn a"n 
axa }n nbapa ^"sn spt? o'nna y"s< nvnnn naatr nns< d"d 
ha' j'N jaa pro nnna i^c ntbp **n pn o"n s^nn poiirna 
tnd n"ai o"-[ tnno nnv aiu xin yyov ne'sa nj^np air yian^> 
jiynanK' iTac iptobn \iwb by i»vy toids? a^ni nrn b":n tps^ 

,M Agio = y^s. 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 349 

Page 203 b. 

naa "inr «"» n -i»f«e> nni inx nana »bi j^np px nvni? y-M 
noiy ypnpn nocn pe6 nijwoai i?p "»n» ys*t6 n^ym? nat? fyiu 
nut?n rwnnn »B3 ynaru xta for ^a sop too nprna pny 
n'pa manxa nxiaoa D.Tmaitjnai 'nTiuyoa ?*jn nnnxn lanxni 
y*N ^'jn onnxn icnnc \xvs& D'onacip <aa nam wjb^> mien 
a*pb enpn? ^xni n'T rmt^ ^n tt"n mxo "•aw td wpai n"na 
wwjn awn pnn upnpne> nnso on!? uppnra untwa swt? n"DB.n 
rrraD !?y new 1*V n?npn '»tu T32> pjpn lawn pt^a (uj«yi) 
rv?B>n n« ww nnxi iptiibx na^ni pap nam jic^a nai ^"jn 
'pi^n pjya d"id '?md nn^pn nnxi? Dai i>"jn ^"jd xjyn bhjjq n"a 
nnnantr ijkxd i>"jn i>a nns a"n jw?3 a'n <di?bti "pm niyaoD 
a"n ynanjna fnis< rpjn$> rrcn dn $"an e>'n -pkd n"a n*i.n Ta "w 
DTtayrfo QnuB 1 ? nxn K/i Dia "inr n'n, Djn cj-in djib>?31 Danaa 
Tiy d?e6 i>"j.n e>"n o'nna a^no nx "inr x"' k p?-ip px pyn^an 
nY3D nan t,d b bj? ytw6 Diyan nono ?*an rpt? ta'nna pnn? 
n'n, x pj'D BuntmnMiBJip px n^NtsDa'n ne>y nanan id ^"aa b"jn 
jn d^j? naas? hod p b":n spt? n"nna niyan ynanj nrai dib i"nr 
i>"jn tr'n on"na nm" 1 Dxai pny d?b>? v!>if «ina wanyo none 
pro D'tnn 1? jn ,, i ept? »n"na pnn Tat? ana ynanyta jnix nut?? 
d?b>? anno u»s vk i"nr so n p^np p« Dwxnn for? D?t?? papn 
^aca dji nta?nn moo nu aw ;k p»i?t:n.n by pn ye'i^n 
^E'ax , xe' a'n ijyin by dji pj^o pa sna naat? nns a"n ?ubm 
i>"3n c"n o'nna d^ 11 ;mt< nue6 na n» nnn wan? it o"nnai> 
m'ao ^m b ^>j> ta"n -icy neon idd iny ^b? i/S< ba p vcN^n 

, L /3H 

Page 204 a. 
(x"y i"n fjn) 

-ixiao naac pj'v lamp ^dt nrano ■'"an n ,- mn lanxn iiy 

pjniBD niaab nirn ^"an c"n D'nnac ^'aai unao naa nvc n'Daa 

nanp i»t dW ^"jh ^e> txd n"j by bmnw no a"n wijkd 

iy\-\p *on lniNC ^B'Ka ^"yan "? r"Dpn n"n ny nbv nnn pa pv 

**na p"a ^c ^ayu n'loa ann^> i»s? 'mb> n»a »xn n"y n^iyc pyx 



35° THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

nen ny cbzo b":n c'n n\xo n'a moa;? n"a ncyoa enn'aa natt 
^>y »*nj nn aipoa b'm tpt? tkd n'a by son avnm "S> T'opn 
s?"n txd n'a }j?io i>*jn tpp on'nais i«b> 'w tnnun m ncn p^n 
ncta i?*yan *?r"opn ncri ny atab ^tr oYna anno nt djb> i>*an 
$>'jn «rt? "vkd n'ai !>"jn jor nv ii>t? rra ■•vno nin'sn pny i!> tw 
l'nj ann vnt6 t^ 'vip rra 'xno p<v njnp 'on P^n nono anrn 
ann vnx a'lnot? no xpn u«n i^atra o^cb nvno kvh? *ik b"an 
"ai tfv t"n rra »pnno a^acn '^annoc no px wao aW> i"n: 
v"pa na?3t? no d"d "int nw nw inyo 'vnn nbvh ^an snv 
n'a t>3 tw nocn '331 Qn^t? S>a'a v"p3 anajc n"oo nnv ba^a 
UW ^"jh c"on fjnoi 'vnn obwb non '^wo ^"an p'n n'ao 
yiar6 it: nocn £ e^c c"n o*nn*aB> pn ano yiar6 my a^ino 
nan p!>n bin ain i>e> p'runp 'on "'■bvib orrby bow no Dno 
o"nna awn »""u epc tno n"ab -pc 'w rra 'vnn jo pvnJinp 
id i>y k^i i^> t-ck-* na ypnpn eju by ton pxnanp nan awnp v^ 
a?ci> a'pyan canno ahy ?ni rra "'as "'to xm nrvan -6 ww 
v"p d^ naino j\s "k nana mina nnns? nuopsn oai v"p 
raion n"p3 nxiaea nra aj anTiuyoa lansm 

Page 204 b. 
a'y n"n ejn 

^y DiT3'» ?"jn 'mvn i:n: b°m v"p 'on pyas? nsrxai iwa? 
UXXD1 an? uppnw unxo nvc ncan »aa D"p^ anya ncal? n"an 
a'mo i"nj 3-in^> T"c "^nc rca 'vno prunp p^nc nan ne'aa 
3vnn 'aa ^>y"3n "^"cpn n"n ny xbvfo »'a ^c "vnd n"3 pnn 
^oiob* no ^":n ti't? join "n ^rnoo yajT 1 sini unbv i'3 ,, 33 nswn 
yi3ni> ijavc H3 b":r\ nurn ii> jn' ^"^n B-"n n'so n"3i an^y 
nonoi b"3n not^n (jsti 1b nnnn^ 3'ino pyn'sn nns^B> jsixai ano 
n"y 13NSD b"jn «i»b» tnd n"a ]"inb "\*w "'nc ira 'xn v'p 'on 
pywnp 'on n,Do aerbw *w nbw b":n v^w o'nnat? nan ntfa 
b'in c"n n'No n"3 by\ b'yin "b j"cpn n"n ny nn'ao "vo nhyn 
'3K1 o"jn "b i"opn arao d"i "n "vb tik wnso kv nns c^c 

.(Pc'oni) ^"oni 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 351 



APPENDIX VIII 

ELEGY on the death of R. David Tevele Schiff, by 
Isaac and Zalman Keyzer of London. (Leaflet printed 
on one side only. Size 36 x 33 cm. In the possession of 
Mr. Sigm. Seeligmann in Amsterdam, who kindly copied 
it for me.) 

-ipy p .D'niBTin nmra tuto .D'anao .ounan ns wi nns 
.ipsa mm 'na ^a .avrann D^nxn .niv»^ mcy c6e> pi .natro^ 

jDU1t3 D'D' iniN^ viw 
D'aian .dwi co^p 'cjs lis dto^ .Dmnnixoa nr6yt? no 
THJn fi"OPl TPl Po .Dmrjn mi nmas .nmnimas i>y tfmsooi 

^nDEin pb .'131 ppr* *a D)i larni 'a i>y "iy:6 inn .ui> »i» nos 
man mm maai> .Dmoc jnatb mb i>y wni> .Dnain n^N 

: nnaun 
,'WV *\Vp irS '"I p pX'K n'an anao pnjrn 
a'jpn vboz n'a *j dv }t«naS<b rfa 
-i"-iwd nbnn^i db6 nna DDmson bran ptun ;nsn mo by 

tPa innuo jran in 
my jrop t6 3tne»a "ji>D in no .nnnon tij -iaiy m hp 
mi'B'DD nnn my mtn xb .ioae> nnn ntnvn nanxn nynca ijnv 
my caw xb .nyn no t6n ,*n nana d"kvd mmao »d ^y 
wp my nswa .Dans imm .iaa aniN asa .npmn dscd nnmsa 
silts' wwb aio nonai Dacca DnD 11 ! DnTiiniy nsi .motr 

.ptu yn .D'son 
na nvo' -itw my en :maitooa awao syn 1JK13K 1 ? PIHN 
naae* .ryes no .mnaK' nrnx no •« ?max net* Dana b»x 
on cit? D^ia vtryoi moan ~\m sj*n maxc .mnNon noi .■£ 

?ioyi imy naio^> 



352 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

Nin ,DT'Dr6 nnion o <3b by '■nibyna /ncro w nnN won 
n«*v Nb nocr .nw rcub ia na>N Dbiya ^n m ny .wckh 3ion 
pj'Di .uuwacD wenr nt >si nneea nw rcub /iwi axiy Don 
prw p'n :D"nm nion 1T3 ton "rib ina:i .iwbj 

i'jp irp npb n"3 p 
irp irb 'i p p?T n"an anao pnyn 
a'jpn vboa n"3 "i dv n'a 
iron in ii'inoa nacrb DDmson n'ii i"n bnan 3nn nio by 

.1133 lnmiD 
nrnjni Tnn inii3 pnsi biun D3n no '3 3n~ib"d ins H7J 

3JJ13 l^Q-l 131D3 D'sbll D1 D'yW iljm Dnb PN 1CN |NX3 .1DJD 

non tfjnn obibi ne> Dnb ps ie>n Dy p .nvnb non spo .ndx3i 
nio by Nb bas .avyno 'on nsr by .N3bi nNvb tfjnv Tib ima 
.3iD ibi3c> )'in bN Nan ton video baN .no isu pi o .pnsn 
DSy3 *n wan niy o .j-ONnji ptnra p by .mpis ns bsN 1 dci 
.npp job? p"n .miy iyai unya am fin" de» ton .Nan 

Nipo 3dm nob .ds^n uy^bx ^n ^a .oaaab ivdni iprn 

D3TllbNCD3 310 bs3 D3nN 1.13' 1 "n Dt ni3I31 ,D3 , D' 1 bs N1031 i13E>D 

nso 3"a miocroN na ipp D.m3N p'n cam nibNCD3i 



.P"sb j»ibtf pTPl jn 



Translation. 



On seeing these writings of the two worthy youths, the 
one ten, the other thirteen years of age, sons of my beloved 
brother — what they wrote as consolation for their brethren 
who mourn their loss, the loss of the multitude (caused) by 
the death of their leader, the High Priest David their 
Rabbi, my heart spoke to me : Train up the youth in the 
way he should go and even when he is old he will not 
depart from it (Prov. 22. 6). I have had, therefore, these 
words printed, so that they may be inscribed on the tables 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 353 

of their hearts and in honour of the above-named pleasing 
youths. 

Copy of the writing of the youth Isaac, son of Lazar 
Keyzer : 

London, Tuesday, 24th Kislev, 5552. 

On the death of the great Rabbi, famous in his genera- 
tion, R. David the Priest, may he rest in peace. 

A sound of crying is heard, bitter wailing. 

David, King of Israel, is dead, his flock will no more 
be led by him, who tended them with love and piety, no 
more will they be under his rule on the quiet waters where 
they found the blessings of God. Their Shepherd is dead. 
He will not lead them any more on the paths of right and 
charity. As a father loves his son, his beloved, so he loved 
them ; as the eagle watches his nest, so he guarded them. 
He saw their failings and reproached them in justice and 
kindness. He was averse to sinners, (and still) he was 
their true friend. 

Woe to thee, London ! Is there a pain like thine ? 
Is there a town in which is to be found a wise like the one 
thou didst lose ? To what shall I compare thy hurt, what 
was thy sin that such has befallen thee? What was thy 
transgression that thou didst lose a man whose wisdom 
and deeds were all devoted solely to the welfare of his 
congregation of his people ? 

However, on consideration I find consolation (in the 
thought) that to the righteous death is the real Good. For 
David yet lives in the world where he will live for ever, 
where he will not see either violence or sin and sorrow, 
for ever will he live in joy ! This may console us in our 
pain, in the sorrow of our soul, and let us bless the Almighty 
in whose hand is death and life. 

Isaac, son of Lazar Keyzer. 



354 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

Copy of the writing of Zalman, son of R. Lazar Keyzer. 

Tuesday, 24th Kislev, 5552. 

On the death of the great Rabbi, famous in his genera- 
tion, R. David the Priest, &c. 

Glory has left Israel, as their great Rabbi, the righteous 
of his generation, the elect one of his people — is dead. 
Like sheep without a shepherd, which wander in the desert 
and perish of hunger and thirst, a prey to the beasts — so 
is a people without a leader and judge erring on the way 
(of life) not knowing where to come and where to go. For 
this I mourn, but not for the death of the righteous man, 
as only his body is dead, but his soul has arrived in a land 
where everything is good, there he will reap the fruit of his 
piety. Let us be strong and brave therefore— our Rabbi 
yet lives in the Eternal world (coming world), there he 
will be a good intercessor for us and for his community. 

Zalman Keyzer. 

Be strong and of good courage you sons of my brother 
Eleazar, your father, learn well Torah, Mishna, and Talmud 
all your lives. Then God will bless you in everything 
according to your own wishes and the wish of your uncle, 

Abraham Keyzer. 

Amsterdam, 22 Tebeth, 555a 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 355 



APPENDIX IX 

MS. Adler 2261. 

Recto, pp. 1-60. Account of a firm of polishers, Abraham 
Michel and L. I. Abrahams. The items are written in 
a clear, careful hand, and show the cost of materials, 
labour, and 'proffet'. The yearly account for 1803 closes 
on p. 60 with a profit of £509 12s. iojrt'., of which L. A.'s 
share is £ 1 69 1 7 s. J%d. 

The pages verso were used by R. Solomon Hirschel 
as book of records for authorizations he gave to Shohetim. 
Page 1, verso, contains the undertaking which every appli- 
cant had to sign before being authorized by the Rabbi. 
It reads: 
1. rbip "b tw jrnp orw tw nipm Bincx vbv tp wpri wu 

-IIDNit? |B? ^331 ''Wb iSsK N> \)l:)b p"p"1 1*3N "jPID 

b"sn mnek b iidn tsinew tbw tmi>in rrvota iSbk by 
oriD nntw t6) nyna rbm vbt j»r bsyt dipd 5>aa '■dxj^ 
ib tp nypn Tiro ^>":n bs by xpin dkib-6 k"3 m* 
i>o^spn prniD n'm "k "i "V *rn i"-i3 no^t? "id na"ton 

pHN "l""lino3 K*Ki>3 iTCPD 'lt« NV JTOli> p"p ns p'sk 

Moses Aaron ^wn 

List of Shochetim authorized. 
Page 1 b. 

2. Zevi Hirsch b. Solomon of Simiatel (signed ' Mr. Hart 

Bidefield '). 1 Heshv. 5583. Bidefield. 

3. Moses b. Benjamin. 17 Heshv. 5583. 

4 . Nahman b. Z. the Levite (S. Newman, Leeds). 34 Sivan, 

5583. Leeds. 



356 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

5. Jonah b. Menahem, 189 called Jonas Levy. 1,5 Shebat, 

5583. Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.A. 

6. Solomon Israel Hornstein (' Mr. H. Solomon Horinstein 

in Plymouth ' signed in English). 25 Sivan, 5583. 
Plymouth. 

7. Simon b. Jehiel Sofer (Engl, signature:) 18911 Simion 

Jonas. 21 Tammuz, 5583. 

Page 2 a. 

8. Hayyim b. Rabbi Isachar. 1 Ab, 5583. 

9. A Shohet in Chatham (letter to the same for not 

obeying the rules) dated : 17 Ab, 5583. 

Page 3 a. 

10. Michael Zalman Pollack. 26 Ab, 5583. Plymouth. 

11. Judah Leb. b. Mordecai. 5 Elul, 5583. Norwich 

(tj>nt«). 

12. Falk Neumegen. 28 Kislev, 5584. Highgate. 

Page 3 b. 

13. Abraham b. Sherage Feivish of Semija (n^dvd). 

22 Kislev, 5584. Leeds. 

14. Abraham b. Moses Neugass. 9 Tebet, 5584. 

15. Michael Elijah b. A. of Rawitsch. 11 Sivan, 5584. 

16. Samuel b. Michael. 4 Tammuz, 5584. 

Page 4 a. 
j 7. Zeev Wolf b. M. 8 Tammuz, 5,584 
18. Joseph Benjamin Fishmonger, High St., Worcester. 
6 July, 5584 A. M. Worcester (Engl.). 

189 The entry reads : I Jonas Levy from Exeter, Devonshire, living at 
Cincinnati, State of Ohio United Slates of America, acknowledge that I have 
given my hand to the rules mentioned on the other side. JBpn DrUD |3 ilJI* 
t}3t7 IB. 'Jonas Levy, Dirrect for Phillip Symonds Cincinnati, State of 
Ohio. United States of America.' 

isoa The English signatures will in the following be marked by (Engl.). 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 357 

19. Zevi Hirsch b. Rabbi David of Bialistock. 17 Tammuz, 
5584- 
Page 4 b. 
30. Eliezer ("tpo .... 3 31 V?). 1 Ab, 5584. 

21. Nathan b. Meir. 190 First day of Selihot, 5584. Bedford. 

Page 5 a. 

22. Judah Leb. b. K. (^"st p'oyb miir). 15 Kislev, 5585. 

23. Moses b. Zevi Hirsch. 23 Tebet, 5585. Yarmouth. 

24. Jacob Koppel b. D. K. (Engl. ' Jacob Koppel Hyman '). 

35th day of Omer. Cheltenham. 

Page 5 b. 

25. Moses b. Leb Deutz (Moses Levy) of Frankfort on 

Main. 37th day of Omer, 5585. Dover. 

26. Jehiel Michael b. Abraham. 7 Heshvan, 5586. 

27. Jacob Kish m (wp 3n3 apjr). 7 Heshvan, 5586. Not- 

tingham. 

28. Benjamin b, Menahem. 13 Kislev, 5586. Brighton. 

29. M. Michael (Engl.). Glasgow. 

Page 6 a. 

30. Simon b. Ber f*3 (Engl. 'Simon Campl.'). 12 Teb. 

5586. 

31. Jonathan b. Rabbi Isachar. 11 Shebat, 5586. 19:! 

32. Joseph Abraham b. A. 21 Adar I, 5586. Bristol. 

33. Joseph Goldman. Dartmouth. 

no 1 1 gave my hand in 5)3 njPpn to the Revd. Dr. Herschell, that 
I will abide with above mentioned Obligation to keep to his orders. Should 
I hereafter infringe on them I shall consider myself 7)DB to our Religious 
orders.' Sighned by me this day, 

tawuno "vno na \n:. 

151 Added : ' ^"jD JIB* 13 TH Diisb Nottingham.' 

192 p"sb (!) > n 2nb lB"pn UT2 N"i "f nvn. 

VOL. XL B b 



358 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

34. Alexander b. Nathan (English: Alexander Jacobs). 

29 March, 5586 (1826). 

35. Michael Mordecai b. Nissan. 14 Tammuz, 5586. 

36. Eliezer Lezer b. Mordecai of Lissa. 14 Tammuz, 5586. 

37. Abraham b. Joseph. 10 Ab, 5586. 

38. Salomon Zalman b. A(kiba?) from Saniekova (Carni- 

kow?) JJNNP'JKB'D J>""n pb\ nzbw (Engl. Solomon 
Sternburgh Glasgow). 16 Ab, 5586. Glasgow. 

Page 7 a. 

39. Eisik (of) Turkheim. 1,5 A b, 5586. 

40. L. A. Samson (Engl.). 15 Ab, 5586. 

41. Zevi Hirsch b. Solomon Heilprin. 27 Ab, 5586. 

42. Israel Elijah b. Dov Ber of WSJI). 5 Heshv. 5587. 

43. Meir Jacob b. Benjamin Benas (two). 10 Kisl. 5587. 

44. Meir b. Rabbi Isaac Statthagen. 28 Elul, 5587. 

Page 7 b. 

45. Simon b. Rabbi Jacob Leb. 2 Heshv. 5588. 193 

Page 8 a. 

46. Michael Levi b. R. S. Sofer of Carnikau. 24 Heshv. 

55»8. 

47. Judah Leb. b. Isahar Levi. 13 Kisl. 5588. 

48. ' nephew of Simon, he forgot to sign' (R. Solomon's 

hand). 
49. Mr. W.Abrahams, 'von Deemens(!) Land'. 19 * (No date.) 

183 Authorized as Ipili porcher; in the Rabbi's handwriting is added 

'bvm toni rniB ncw-in if» m w rb*i t6 b":n pyoc 'n pnoT^. 

w * His declaration reads : ' I have given my hand to the Revd. Solomon 
Hirschele to abide by certain rules which he laid down to me as I am to kill 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 359 

50. Alexander b. Eliezer. Hanuccah, 5588. Exeter. 

51. Benjamin b. Rabbi Leb of Hungary. 14 Elul, 5588. 

52. Jehiel b. R. Nathan. 24 Elul, 5588. 

53. Meir b. Samuel. 1st day of Holhamoed Succoth, 5589. 

54. Arjeh b. Jacob (signs as follows: 't'ri in Jamicar' 

[Jamaica]). 5 Jan. 5589. 

Page 9 a. 

55. Abraham b. David Berliner. 

56. Gabriel b. — 47th day of Omer, 5589. Portsmouth. 

57. Jacob b. Meir. 14 Sivan, 5589. 

58. Meir b. Rabbi Judah *ri>nt3"K (?). npj? p"e>y, 5589. 

Swansea. 

Page 9 b. 

59. Zeev Wolf b. Rabbi B. of Biale. 20 Heshvan, 5590. 

60. Meir Solomon Zalman b. Aryeh Leb of Wladova. 

20 Kislev. 5590. 

61. Meyer Lyon of IBDIKWD (Engl.). Chichester. 

6a. Moses b. Jonah, son-in-law to Mr. Simon. 19 Omer, 
5590 (Engl.). 

Page 10 a. 

63. Abraham b. Isaac Levi ('the particulars concerning 

Gloster I and my father abide by. A. Levy.') 
19 Omer 5590 (Engl.). Gloucester. 

64. Isaac b. Jacob Wolf. 13 Sivan, 5590. 

65. Michael Levi b. M. 13 Ab, 5590. 

66. Jacob of Copenhagen (n"po n'oa 3py). 5 Tishri, 5591. 

poultry.' Van Diemen's Land was the name of the Australian Island 
Tasmania before the year 1856. 

B b 2 



360 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

Page 10 b. 

67. Moses b. Hayyim Sachs (Engl. ' Moritz Sachs orw 

nyaiojypa '). 6 Shevat, 5591. Canterbury. 

68. Abraham b. Rabbi Moses Isaac, Rabbi of Samlin 

(pi'ONT p't ii'x pny ne>D m'o aim bmax p'n, A. 
Rozenbaum). 14 Omer, 5591. 

69. Jacob b. Meir (Engl.: I. Isaac nrnai> orw). 20 

Omer, 5591. Brighton. 

70. Isaac b. Samuel. 34 Omer. . . . (Engl.) 

Page 1 1 a. 

71. Moses b. Joel (loijh (!)DW3"iK). 40 Omer, 5591. 

Edinburgh. 

72. Michael Elijah b. J. of Rawitsch. 42 Omer, 5591. 

73. Nathan b. Gedaljah. 

74. Koppel b. Rabbi Perez Levi. 2 Tarn. 

75. Simon b. Jacob ben S. ben A. of Wreschen. 5 Tarn. 

559 *• 

76. Israel Elijah b. Rabbi Dov Ber. orus 'i, 5591. 

77. Ephraim Arjeh b. Meir Moses (Engl. : ' Ephraim Moses 

in Scarb ro for my uncle Jacobs'). 23 Elul, 5.1591. 
Scarborough. 

Page ub. 

78. Nahman b. Rabbi Simha !?TpDD. 

79. Zalman Rosenthal. 10 Heshvan, 5592. 

80. Aaron b. A. (Engl. : ' Aron Abrahams'). 13 Heshvan, 

5592. Yarmouth. 

81. Joseph b. Asher (Engl.). 22 April, 5593. 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 361 

Page i a a. 

82. Solomon Platura (l"v rwx> ll'inD p tmexi>B rmbw). 

30 Ab, 5593. Leeds (' with Mr. Davis '). 

83. Judah b. Joseph Levy (Engl. : Israel Joseph). 20 Aug. 

5593- 

84. Lewis Levy. 13 Elul, 5593. Bedford. 

Page 12 b. 

85. Judah Leb.b. M. Leb. N"V1 'a 'l, 5594. 

86. Hirsch b. Abraham Zevi of Gallin. 8 Adar II, 5594. 

87. Moses Landau of Krakau (added proo nan N'XVii> mi. 

Engl. : Moses Lando-Kentcrbury). 3 Sivan. 5594. 
Canterbury. 

88. Alex r Cohen. 5 Aug. 5594 (Engl.). 

Page 13 a. 

89. Eliezer b. Sam. Cohen. 

90. Israel Joseph (Minz ?). 

9 1 . A. ben Zeev (in R. Solomon Hirschell's hand : (Hebr.) 

of Bialistock, called also Elijah Schneider). 21 Elul, 

5594- 

92. Judah Leb of Witas in Moldavia (note : ' He has been 

in America '). 4 Heshvan, 5595. 

93. Baruch b. Rabbi Abraham. 7 Heshvan, 5595. 

Page 13 b. 

94. Leb b. Simon the Levite (Engl. : Lewis Simon). 1 Dec. 

5595- 

95. Menahem b. Hanok. 26 Shebat, 5595. 

96. Jesaiah Zeev of Pitschow. 9 Nisan, 5595. 



362 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

Page 14 a. 

97. Solomon Zalman b. Eliezer Schotlender, Dayyan in 

Wreschen. 

98. Nathan b. Rabbi Gerson. 23 Shebat, 5596. 

99. Zalman Rosental. 3 Adar, 5596. 

100. Judah b. Jacob. 1 Ijjar, 5596. 

101. Nisan b. Michael Abraham of Breslau. 4 Ijjar, 5596. 

Page 14 b. 

102. Benjamin Berlin. 14 Tammuz, 5596. 

103. Leb Wolf b. Rabbi Juda Sternberg. 1st day of 

Holhamoed Succot, 5597. 

104. Petahjah b. Isachar Ber. tst day of Holhamoed Succot, 

5597- 

105. Shmerl b. Rabbi Abraham Katzenellenbogen. 23 

Heshvan, 5597. 

106. Michael Simon Nuernberg. 10 Adar I, 5597. 

Page 15 a. 

107. Mordecai b. Rabbi Moses Zevi. 10 Ijjar, 5597. 

108. Jesajah Zeev of Pintschow. 1 Tammuz, 5597. 

109. Joseph b. R 30 Elul, 5597. 

no. Moses b. Zevi Hirsch Lissenheim of Schoenlanke. 

9 Tammuz, 5598. 
in. Joseph Caro. 10 Elul, 5598. 

Page 15 b. 
na. Abraham Sisman (Lipman?) b. Joseph Eppelman. 
4 Kislev, 5599. 

113. Jacob Leb b. Rabbi Mose (in Rabbi Sol. H.'s hand: 

' he went to Greenwich '). 1 Nisan, 5599. 

114. Moses b. Joel. 9 Tammuz, 5599. 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 363 

115. Juda Leb b. Nissan (nephew of R. Jacob of Sunder- 

land) (R. Sol. H.'s hand : ' The address of R. Jacob 
is : Mr. Jacob Joseph, High St., Sunderland '). 
23 Heshvan, 5600. 

116. Nathan b. Joseph the Cohanite, Blitz (he is Shohet to 

Mr. Mayer). 4 Ijjar, 5600. 

Page 16 a. 

117. Aryeh Zeev b. Rabbi Juda Sternberg. 10 Sivan, 

5600. 

118. Moses Judah b. Rabbi Noah, rbv 'a "3, 5600. 

119. Joshua Ezekiel Levi. 4 Tammuz, 5600. 

120. Nathan Cohn. 21 Tammuz, 5600. 

Page 16 b. 

121. Joseph Caro. 3 Ab. Newcastle. 

122. Shmerl b. Rabbi Abraham Katzenellenbogen. 

123. Jehiel b. Rabbi Nathan. 

124. Judah Leb b Fraenkel. 11 Elul, 5600. 

125. Samuel b. Hayyim, Hazan in Manchester. 11 Elul, 

5600. 

126. Michael Zevi b. Simon (Engl.: M- H. Simonson). 

25 Shevat, 5601. 

127. Moses b. Meir C'z. 5 Tammuz, 5601. 

Page 1 7 a. 

128. Simha b. D. Caro of Posen. 29 Tammuz, 5601. 

129. Dov Ber b. Isaac. 25 Ab, 5601. 

130. David b. S. M. the Levite of Kalish. 19 Shebat, 5602 

131. Isaac Jacob b. Rabbi A. the Cohanite (added : vhv DJ 

t3TfflDpN3 QViwb). 13 Adar, 5602. 



364 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

Page 1 7 b. 

132. Mose Kosk (possibly Falk). 34th of Omer, 5602. 

133. Raphael b. Rabbi Issachar Ber. 18 Ab, 5603. 

134. Mose Rabbinowitch the Cohen. 36 Ab, 5603. 

135. Michael Simon b. M. Nurnberg. 17 Elul. 

Page 1 8 a. 

136. Shemarjah David Randel (?). 4th day of Selihot, 5603. 

137. Joseph b. B. of F . . . s (Freistadt ?). 17 Elul, 5603. 

138. Eliezer b. R. Simon. 34 Elul, 5603. 

139. Abraham b. Rabbi Zeril. Day after Succot, 5605. 

140. Issachar b. Eliezer. 23 Heshvan, 5605. 

141. Jacob Isaac the Cohanite. 20 Shevat, 5605. 
143. Edward Himes. 17 March, 5605. 195 

143. Michael Zevi b. Rabbi S. 48 Omer, 5605. Hazan 

in Manchester. 

144. Zevi Hirsch b. Rabbi Isaac of Sklow. 11 Ab, 5605. 

145. Baruch b. Rabbi Abraham. ] 1 Ab, 5605. Shohet 

of the New Synagogue in Manchester. 

Page 34 a. 

146. Wolf b. . . 3Tst day of Omer, 5587. 

147. Joseph Kalish, beadle of the Synagogue in Alie Street 

(oniDD K^-iKl). 12 Si van, 5587. 

195 ' I hereby certify that I have this day received the sanction of the 
Beth Din for to slay cattle for Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid individually only, 
and should my engagement with the same cease this permission will be 
discontinued by them, for which I declare hereby my solemn religious 
obligation. Also to adhere to the rules of a DTOE>, viz. not to shave nor 
to drink Wine from the D*W unless for illness, and as soon as the Beth Din 
orders me not to kill I must lay down my knife, for which I hereby give my 
hand 5|3 njf'pTI. signed by myself. Edward Himes.' 



ADDITIONAL NOTES AND CORRECTIONS 

Additional Notes to Part I. 

Pagei(/<2i?. ) N.S., IX, p. 103). 

The first Rabbi of the Ashkenazim in London, R. Judah Leb 
b. Efraim Anshel, was known by the name of Hamburger. His 
signature to the approbation he gave for the edition of Pirke 
de Rabbi Eliezer, Amsterdam, 1708, i2mo, is as follows: KIliT 

mini? naiv niaon b"i b*&3* -ib-n d ,- ibn n"ra i"o a"a p z'b 
n3^d pa torn? nyv ">sb wnr\ nja mnoE>oKO dtob'k p*p tmpn 
in^na 3-in rw n'ny KN"*aa ntod nd^d 1^ ni>K» "m N3^»i> 

p"sb "lJl IDJll- This edition was arranged by R. Moseh Gomes 
Mesquita, who later became Haham in London, where he died 
on May 8, 1751 (cp. Gaster, History of Bevis Marks, p. 130). 
Rabbi Judah Leb was already in 1700 in Rotterdam, and not 
as stated by me (p. 1) in 1705. He signs an approbation to the 
Menorath Hamaor, ed. Amsterdam, 1700, 8vo, on the 30th of 
Shebat of that year. I am indebted to my friend Mr. Sigm 
Seeligmann for calling my attention to this, as well as for the 
following : In the ' Kabronim Regel ', a manuscript in the 
possession of the Amsterdam community, containing records of 
burials, the following two entries are to be found : "ll'mo 3in 

p"pa n"3« 'mb> -innon ^"vr hsw -ie>n ansa ri'ioa -yh «-nrr 
i"dk ?N3 |«t '-m jnyanjwo by STl mx i'' napJ -i"-i. Rabbi 

Judah Leb died, according to this, on 14 Adar, 1720. Isaac, 
son of R. Judah Leb, died in Amsterdam, 3rd Nisan, 17 14. 
The entry referring to him reads : *i""TinD 3"in p pPN pnV "l"»3 

*ibw D*nyDtn i*3K ton ntnpe "Tit? -imaen ^"vr yb kiiit 
njaTtWD by i"yn py *n lrnno ova napji ;d'j "1 ^b. Cp. 

also E. Italic, Geschiedenis d. Isr. Gem. te Rotterdam (1907), 
pp. 36-7. 

365 



366 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

Rabbi Aryeh Leb b. Saul of Amsterdam. 
Page 3 (JQX., IX, p. 105). 

The Beth-Hamidrash (London), MS. No. 24, contains Responsa 
and Talmudic novellae by R. Aryeh Leb, father of Rabbi Zevi 
Hirschel Lewin. Among his correspondents we find the names : 
Rabbi Herz Pintschow (pp. 2 a, 37 a, 38 a), R. Isaac Levi of Apta 
(p. 37 a), the Heth-Din of Venice (pp. 41 a-48 a), the communities 
of Briesen (ND'-n^ TUE7I "ICK fit, p. 49 a), of Strassburg in East 
Prussia, and Koziv in Poland (p. 23 a). R. Zevi Hirsch asks his 
father why at Habdalah Service at the conclusion of Sabbath the 
blessing of D'DSPa TO SOU is said when smelling the scent-box 
filled with spice and cinnamon, while i3tW 'VJ> N"l13 would be 
the proper form (p. ^ b, middle). The Responsum dealing with 
the question from the Beth-Din of Koziv (p. 23 a) mentioned 
above, quotes verbatim a document niiy JVOJ by that Beth-Din 
relating to the death of a certain Jacob Cohen, whose body was 
found torn to pieces and brought to Abraham Hajjim, the over- 
seer of the Hevrah-Kadisha (Holy-Society, i. e. Burial-Society) 
of Strassburg. The signatories to the document are : 

3oi?D -iie> p^NS yew 'pr\ atoi 
.ij^ktd i>"-nnea b'w$n ww "pn otui 
Jekutiel Zalman Epstein was for some time Dayan in Lemberg, 
and as this document is dated na"n DH3D ~\"-\ (24 Ab 488=1728), 
he probably went to Koziv for the purpose of presiding at the 
Beth-Din, as at that time he was acting as Dayan in Lemberg ; 
cp. Buber, DB> TjK, p. 124. Important is also the Responsum to 
Venice. The community of Rovigo had lost their Rabbi, and 
a certain young scholar, engaged to the daughter of Rabbi 
Pacifico, a member of the Rabbinate of Venice, tried to usurp 
the position as Rabbi of Rovigo with the connivance of his 
prospective father-in-law, but to the displeasure of the greater 
part of the community of Rovigo itself. The Parnassim : Joseph 
ben Mose, Ezekiel Aaron Luzatto, Jeremiah Michael b. Samuel 
Solomon Concili address a letter to the Rabbinate of Venice, 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DU3CHINSKY 367 

which, in turn, forwards a copy of the same as supplement to 
their letter to Rabbi Aryeh Leb of Amsterdam. Both letters 
are copied in toto. The Venice Rabbis sign as follows : 

cna$>i -nob "n nv 'vn 'nwnnn x"y nxwi na 
(1744) p"sb rat: ": on*3N ipy nn 'njii 

rfrbi njN"3ND3iD yr\2 -iD33 rvabw »jk (i) 

ante n'rbi "wd ii'mea pi>? nnta "vjran (2) 

n'nif jnan ntst) Ynnioas in d»dj (3) 

tfitot wfhba btvaaD tc*t6a apy Tyxn (4) 

*vj>i> pn nx» »foi »n 3py m"oa ann 

.Dinnn bv sa *6 a"y 

The same names, with addition of Isaac b. Asher Pacifico, 
Solomon b. Moses Halevi Minzi, and Solomon b. David Altaras, 
are to be found in another document of the Venice Beth-Din in 
MS. Beth-Hamidrash, No. 26, fol. 141 b. Omitted is there only 
Jacob Belilias (4). (Compare also approbations from Venice 
Rabbinate to mini' VD miDD, Firenze, 1750, and rm» IfflJO 'D, 
Venice, 1791.) To conclude we reproduce the text and transla- 
tion of a fragment of a most pathetic letter of Rabbi Aryeh Leb 
to some eminent Rabbi, possibly his father or his father-in-law, 
the Haham Zevi. Where the letter was written is difficult, if not 
impossible, to ascertain : it seems likely that he wrote it even 
before he was Rabbi of Reisha (Rzezow). The fragment was 
found by me between the pages of Beth-Ham. MS. No. 26. 

N"y 

dn ton dS>b> »a nay aai> ns jna» *a nyb wk *\w 

■wyi w njww Mas us ^'yau non ai» nn'po 'a icyi vniw 
D'ai d'd' 1 na tub" to ran ya: 'aoma nvni? nyan it« "pma 
«i»3 noan t6s min t6a na!> aw »autc 'a pan nna ^ pn ncx 
mm $>iB3 nn3 &>* »a nanx ^ DniD'3 nnyo nai3 tta n3io 
na ihta^i nan *to3 ono wbt> new tod nanx '3 'Ti3yn n^ani 

jn &2ib nn»n netra mi>yo -KJ>y n«u .tit *3 «n3 vixp 

. . jn noana jn mma 



368 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

D'rcroi n»N3 \~nyb , 3V"D ,| i win nntt 11 nrjn ''ir nan n« pwi 
31 nNT> lis? *pDV tob> isy onw Hr wn 'i^tn pan u:6 ntwo 
wijr ^h-ib* dip mi 'n ns hit d^io ijnt jnn iinn ^ji mrw 

.2^ 'nx injtan n-rnya 

Translation. 
Recto. 

. . . may you my master continue (to be kind to me) when 
you have proved the heart of your servant and found it sound 
and in harmony with God and His people. My words flow from 
the depths of my heart. Oh ! Father, Father, do help and assist 
me in your kindness this time to uplift my soul. See, I have now 
lived here for a long time days in which I have no pleasure, for 
I live here alone, without Torah and wisdom, without happiness 
and blessing, full of (mental) sufferings caused by being obliged 
to neglect the study of the Torah, prayer and worship. When 
I look back upon the work I did before I came here and compare 
it with my idleness here, I am sick of life, for my soul has been 
dragged down ten degrees in comparison to what I was before — 
be it as far as Torah and wisdom .... 

Verso. 

May He, who dwells in Eternity, be my Help, purify my 
thoughts and assist me to serve Him in truth and piety according 
to the wishes of my heart. May Peace be with You, my Master, 
may your days be prolonged and may you yet see many joyful 
days, have pleasure from your children and grandchildren, they 
all shall 'know the Lord and praise the Holy One of Israel'. 
This is the prayer of your worm (= humble servant). 

Aryeh Leb. 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 369 

Rabbi Zevi Hirsch in London. 

To page 5 {JQR., IX, p. 109). 

The negotiations with R. Zevi Hirsch must have lasted some 
time before his arrival in London. Leb Norden, a learned man 
of great influence in the community, writes to the Rabbi's brother, 
R. Saul of Amsterdam, complaining why his brother refused to 
come in the previous year. 'Had he not pushed us away with 
both hands last year he would, by now, be peacefully settled here 
and would have saved me also a lot of trouble during this year. 
We are now awaiting your answer so as to send the Ra~bbinical 
letter (contract of appointment) and hasten his coming here.' 
This letter — which is copied in the MS. Beth-Hamidrash, London, 
No. 26, fol. 162 b, and the Hebrew text of which we print here- 
after — reveals also the reasons for R. Zevi Hirsch's refusal to 
accept the London post. ' If the Ashkenazi Shohetim slaughter 
also for the use of the Sephardim they must observe the laws and 
customs of Shehita of both sides, whichever are the strictest,' 
said the Rabbi. R. Leb Norden argues against this point from 
the Talmudical standpoint. He was a sound Hebrew scholar, 
who, born in Amsterdam, came with his father Zalman to London, 
but still kept in touch with continental scholars. Jacob Emden 
on his visit to London became very friendly with him, and 
several letters of Norden and Responsa by Jacob Emden to him 
are printed in the latter's work pjp flTW. In his autobiography 
Emden relates that Leb and his brother Reuben, the sons of 
Zalman Norden, dealt in gold and precious stones ("1BD n^3B, 
p. 94), that Leb sent him goods for sale to Altona, and by the 
profits derived therefrom Emden was able to keep his family for 
some years until they became estranged (see ibid., pp. 146, 164, 
181). It is not unlikely that Leb Norden's friendship with Emden 
at the time induced him to further the appointment of a member 
of Haham Zevi's family as Rabbi of the Ashkenazim in London. 
It appears that, owing to the Shehita dispute in the Sephardi com- 
munity, which had lasted for some four or five years previous to 
R. Zevi Hirsch's arrival in London, many of the Sephardim preferred 



37° THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

to eat meat killed by Ashkenazi Shohetim. The Shehita dispute 
in question has been dealt with in my booklet 'Jacob Kimchi 
and Shalom Buzaglo ', but for the easier understanding of Norden's 
letter I will only mention that R. Hajjim Albahali, a Sephardi 
Shohet, accused the other Shohetim of transgressing the rules 
of Bedikah (examination of inner parts of the animal, especially 
the lungs' 1 . He was supported by a scholar named Jacob 
Kimchi, who wrote a book mitWll fi^KB>, in which he pleads 
Albahali's cause. Azulai in his lately published itinerary (see 
later) indicates that they had quite a large following in the 
Sephardi community. R. Zevi Hirsch was probably aware of 
the state of affairs among the Sephardim and stipulated that the 
Ashkenazi Shohetim, if they kill also for the Sephardi community, 
must observe their rules where these are stricter, and he did this 
in order to prevent further strife. Norden's letter to R. Saul 
of Amsterdam seems to have had effect, and R. Zevi Hirsch 
Lewin came to London. The Shehita dispute lasted for a little 
while longer, but died down eventually, R. Hirschel being 
prevented by his Parnassim to take any part in the matter. 
Azulai mentions it in his itinerary y\a bi)lK>, which was partly 
published in Livorno in 1789, and has lately been reprinted in 
more extensive form by the Mekize Nirdamim Society. He was 
in London in the year 1755, a year before R. Zevi Hirsch 
Lewin's arrival in London, and his notes throw light on the 
communal conditions of the Sephardim. Although he does not 
mention anything about the Ashkenazi community, I think the 
passage of sufficient interest for London Jewry, and give the 
translation of his notes after R. Leb Norden's letter. 

Letter of R. Leb JVorden, of London, to Chief Rabbi Saul b. Aryeh 

Leb of Amsterdam. 

MS. Beth-Hamidr. No. 26, fol. 162 b (middle). 

'an ™S> ii-iata i'na p-nia yh "id pvpn -amn nnae pnpn 

d»t »nea ianiN rant? -bb ia*ina mm y"" 3nri ~wk w 13 " 
nmo ir nae> yeo wid 'tti nniaoa 'vi -na n-nj>n w atsb jn-idi 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 371 

ana rbvh na i'v pxj.n ann naicn i?y d'bxo uk vboj> naino 
kid o'inx n'ax pxsn annbi ^naiob \tah intra nnoi> nuann 
aina^ ^ '\n naa noxai innoni> tbw amai> nvp 'nnvp oannxn 
dtibd 'isb a"3 an»B« witr '»onw Dxt? lanaa rut? "jb^ ?"y 
rnxn nx p^axo px »a ,DnnaD,n nnoin orr&y ^apb a'j pans 
mxoiom nnnuni 'nxn pmi b"i next? no!? pnn ,& moxn nan 
^ e»i . )bt6 ■bti iynw "jbo £xo liw iyao: xi>e> n"ai B>"a pae 
Tpxne> no 'Da o ,ayan yym.ni> n'ayoo e>pai> rbni 'rron r"y my 
''ua^x ii>xo i!>x lyaoa xi>e> nsoo px oyc onnoeoxa pjnu 
ixn yy nnai pxicw ^ anmyD by\ on^aa i>iaxi> nto nt 'nnsDi 
pi>ipeno dj (or i>aa 'nnsDn n"a ^y 'nnnot? 'vwk "iy e>"ai) 
l^t? npnv ^c nsip nDsn ^ao ''n si? dx ^nnsDi 'njatrx ^ 
nnio onx ''.n xin pan lata Dipoa naipi n3>in nnx !?a '-n Dni'En 
nt paayoi pmo npnx nosn ^ao vtray pn mow yni oyoo oma 
nana njc? ^a D^ipn on on D'naB'xnB' ito nptn nnv nwi . nr i?y 
Dnani D'naon(o) ayo "22 bi D^nm '"twin onnsDno aivp 
neaxi yota j.men '»n pi) on^e phpoa naoa uw no bi joiE>m 
'nays naxya yxi i^>x 'nano '^aixn np'y Dn 'naatrxn 'a (my pny 
ax> nco !>sx p'b6 bnpb \q\w 'upi» nn^r i:ox ^ nniw naDD px 
''oniw "b naD '>sjyxi 'nnsDo ^"jn b inp^c sxp vx^ bvxi 
'nnaon nnoina 'njacx xi?i D'wae'xn nnoina D'jnu orx 'nnBD 
mca e|VBXoi ns rwie DnnDtroxa u^> '^ne' s"io ix an Die ''n xh 
uviiax D^i^y 'TDm ^1x3 'Nni nt i>y mo^x mru 

fol. 163 a 

x'xi ^'J^ya irom in^nsy ^ aw ;xo nn'br pnxa ne'x 'wnp 
nan xw »3ao onTyo nt nan n^yjc ai> i>y nibni» ix noii> 
nnan nann noxa vr>v ^"yxi naa n:c "po nnv jnj D'an^ 1 DiDns 
'ii>a b>m DnnwD T" 1 ^ Tis" 1 "^ pi /° n ^ 'inioi ui> oniDx nxo 
pxc n'y^tr D'an ow nr , osyi' wnn naac noxai n'ayo »3ai> 
ai>n ix onann nxtn mnxn pn:a ^"r noxc noi> pom i^n onan 
ptnnx x^ ixa bx xmcx prnnx dc o o^n ya ^ Dian 

1 x"y x"yp xnna xaa. 



3?2 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

n6 -iidn 'tw in Ditr jnrVN «in i»ix i:k DnDn jei /iid^n 
now "six So n"n wet? t6 o »njn S>jj ioid y^K pi n?5> imtn 
pnino '3N 3"y '«i doi o "k aanm 'isi rumna iaS> can So S>'? 
j»e» kS>b> epato paa {>» mm m ae*^ ^ n'ayoi ,n?D ixe 

/job nanxn 

Follows i>"jn pwn tin nawn. 

Zf./. D. Azu/ai's description of his journey to London in 1755 
in aio hvifO ed. Mekize Nirdamim {proof). 

{SS l S = 1755). Jjj' ar I2 > Wednesday "liDK 's in the evening 
at sunset we arrived in the great town of London and I had 
trouble until the evening of Thursday to find lodgings in the 
house of a Sephardi, whose name is Si(gnor) Aaron Cohen. 
Although the place was very small (crammed), but, being a clean 
dwelling, honourable people, and as it had also been the abode 
of former messengers (from Palestine), I agreed to stay there. 
Concerning my mission great wonders happened to me. While 
I was still [on my way here] three of the leading men sent word 
to me that I should not come into this town as I would not 
achieve anything, especially as the messengers from Safed had 
forestalled me, and even they came twice and had to leave 
empty-handed. I, however, answered that it was my duty to 
go (to London), and I cannot absolve myself from the same. 
I rely upon the Lord that He will do what He finds best. And 
when I came to the leaders (of the congregation) they had left 
the town to enjoy the gardens (= for holidays) and there was 
hardly any one (of note) left. I took upon myself to wait 
patiently, for there is no better physician than 'Time', and far 
be it from me (= I took care not) to mention anything of my 
mission until I had acquired some friends and got information 
as to how I should approach these leaders. For, these mighty 
men, their hearts are double-faced, their thoughts are not in 
accordance with their appearance. And also among the Hahamim 
(learned men) of the town I saw disunion, they speak with abuse 
of one another, scorch one another with the heat of their words, 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 373 

and the one would like to swallow the other alive. It is a great 
shame (that this should be so) in the eyes of the congregants, 
and woe to eyes that have to look at such disgrace of the Torah 
and learned men. I looked at my letters of authority as messenger 
and found only one and no more, addressed to 'the Haham'. 
I asked where the Rosh-Beth-Din or Dayan lived, and they 
answered and said : There is no such great man here, we have 
no Haham. I said to myself, if that be so and I have no other 
letters to great and learned men with me, I might be injuring 
my cause more or less by delivering the one letter to either one 
or the other of the learned men. I shall keep it, and indeed 
it was a good thought given me by God, as this certain 
Haham (namely Isaac Nieto) had made enemies of the Dayanim 
and the leaders of his congregation, and Praise be unto the 
Lord who has not forsaken me in his mercy and helped me 
to find favour in the eyes of a few friends. First of all will 
I mention (among them) the learned Rabbi Isaac del Vali and 
Si{gnor) Pinehas Gomes Serra. There was also the great 
scholar Rabbi Jacob Kimhi, son of R. Samuel Kimhi of 
Constantinople, and the learned R. Hajjim Albahali, and I 
made friends with them. They all said that, with regard to my 
mission, it would be necessary to call the ' great Mahamad ', and 
it was usual to convene this meeting at the beginning of the 
winter. Already (the previous messenger) R. Massuad Bonan 
was obliged to wait here many months until the time of such 
meeting, ' and we do not know what to do, but if you will listen 
to our advice, go and see Si(gnor) Joseph Salvador, one of the 
Parnassim, who has gone to one of the watering-places, who 
is of a clear mind (a clever man), and what he says that is 
generally done, for he is a powerful man. When this Joseph 
returns home, if you will, with God's Help, find favour in his 
eyes, he will not rest until he carries your matter through 
successfully. When Si(gnor) Joseph Salvador came home I went 
to see him and noticed that he was of a clear mind and pure 
without any bad (qualities), and I pleaded my cause and the 
object of my mission in nice language and with sound arguments. 
VOL. XI. C c 



374 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

He answered me, ' You know that in this land nothing is done 
except with the consent of the majority, it might, however, be 
to your advantage if you were to see Signor Franco and Signor 
Mendez, they may be of assistance to you,' and then I left him. 
This man is very rich and influential; he arranged a meeting 
of the Elders, which I attended. The other Parnassim wanted 
to get rid of me without giving anything, but he waived to me 
with his hand, as if to say that I should not worry, he being 
on my side. I left the meeting, but he persisted and did not 
budge until he succeeded to arrange that an extraordinary general 
meeting should be called, and the end of it was, that everything 
went well and was decided favourably at the general meeting. 
Afterwards, through the intervention of Signor Francos, it was, 
with the Help of God, decided that Signor Pinehas Gomes-Serra 
and Signor Joseph b. Abraham Francos should make a collection 
among the Yehidim. After this was done came a letter from the 
English Ambassador at Constantinople recommending me to 
Signor Francos. Had this letter arrived earlier it would have 
made a great difference to my cause, but, even so, it was a great 
honour to me in the eyes of the Yehidim (members). Among 
the friends I made in London I will mention the Hazan David 
Castro, who has a great influence in the community, may God 
pay him for his kindness to me. He took me in London to a 
great building called the Tower (mt3). There I saw lions and 
an eagle ioo years old, an Indian cat as big as a dog, another 
cat which was some cross-breed of a strange animal, also various 
other beasts which had to be chained down by iron chains. 
I also saw there a hall which must have been, perhaps, 50 yards 
long or more, divided into different compartments hung all 
round with fire-tubes (rifles) and all sorts of weapons beautifully 
arranged as if it were one wall and doors opening out of it. 
Similarly there were on all the sides (of the hall) and even from 
the roof, hanging down thousands and tens of thousands of 
different weapons beautifully arranged according to class, art, and 
and height. I saw, further, statues of all the English kings made 
of iron, on iron horses, and looking at them they seem to you 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 375 

really alive. There are also armours in the greatest variety, all 
in proper order, various kinds of guns and cannons captured from 
their enemies during the whole time that England exists. Vessels 
of all kinds and shapes, some transparent, some especially high 
(are also there), and in one room there is a small partition of 
iron bars inside of which we were shown the Royal crown and 
jewels sparkling in different magnificent colours, the golden cup 
out of which the King is anointed, and other royal treasures of 
precious stones. All these has seen my eye, wondering and 
joyful in the thought that if He gives such rewards to non-Jews, 
how much greater will be the glory of His People in times to 
come, when the remnants of Israel will see the Messiah of God 
shining forth and giving light like the light of the Sun, crowned 
with the most holy seven crowns. In London I preached on 
Sabbath . . . 

' Tammuz 28. Monday of the week ' Debarim ' (first portion 
of Deuteronomy) we left London and arrived at Dover, a non- 
Jewish town (= where no Jews live), on Tuesday after midnight. 

' Tammuz 29. Tuesday of ' Debarim ' we left Dover by boat 
and arrived at Calais, a non-Jewish town in the kingdom of 
France, on the same day towards evening and I remained there, 
at Calais, for several days until the post-chaise left for Paris ' . . . 

To JQR., IX, 1 and 2, p. 117, note n. 
Azulai in 31D biyn, ed. Livorno, p. 16 b, relates that he told 
the people of Amsterdam : 

ivopn t6 Dwyrn Dx«TDipi> no^ ayby "un pmw nowi -oi 
1 If you will say that the times are hard, why do you not say 
so where comedies and pleasures are in question.' 

Responsa of Rabbi Zevi Hirsch Lewin. 

The Beth-Hamidrash in London has three manuscripts con- 
taining Responsa and Talmudic Notes by R. Zevi Hirsch. Owing 
to circumstances over which I had no control I was not able 
to go through these volumes before the first part of this work 
was printed. The manuscripts are Nos. 24, 25, and 26 according 

C c a 



376 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

to the numbers in Neubauer's Catalogue of the Hebrew Manu- 
scripts in the Jews' College, London, Oxford, 1886. 

MS. No. 24 contains for the most part Responsa and Notes 
by R. Zevi Hirsch's father, R. Aryeh Leb of Amsterdam. On 
the fly-leaf is the title : 

Tfobn nwm nui^m mW nso 

The first note by R. Zevi Hirsch is on p. 22 b, middle, 

b":r\ b": pw wi 'ns ?a W tr-pn »ax p'n nox 

Page 33 b. The question mentioned above in additional 
notes to R. Aryeh Leb relating to the blessing of D'DBO : 

by "p& tahyn unj no 'jsd »jjtt v*j i'dnn dvo wpa dj 
tinvd nb b"i Dwnsn bai D'oca wo ton t^JW tMimont 
*vy una jiojpi rup i>y nujono on'mo DB>a "neat? e|Ni pi»n 

.... v^y pSn twin nn Dwa 

(Follows R. Aryeh Leb's answer.) 

Page 49 a and b have two responsa by R. Z. H. addressed to 
.... fntib ")bv and signed s?Tn »ax p'n, &c. 

Page 64 a. Responsum to Rabbi Reuben of Warburg. 

i"3N {>*» pitn n"io j'msDn ain naie>n i>y TOt^n -k?n* nr 

ystn ne>D -n'mo Dmison aii-6 $>"t ann ne6 nn nmjm p"pn 

•fab b"*l 
The Responsum is signed on page 66 a : 

vunat? no pm . n"v p"n p"eb ru"pn py r"a BKU!nai>n 
.urn Dipea nam anap n*Da !>"t tr"nno oca n'x y"B> jv^a 

Page 77 a. Responsa by R. Solomon Hirschel (son of 
R. Z. H.) 

.p'sb n'Dpn Wn i"t nnatm p"i a-in roaicn 'nipnyn 
Page 78 a : T"Dpn W>n i"i pnobtt 'pi j"n a-in mawi 

signed on p. 78 b. 

j&raS> pp"sin $>x"r snvi »av jn"a nnbv p'n ino -mo nnon 

.runoni 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 377 
Page 91a. Signature of R. Z. Hirsch : 

.p"ep n"pn b"b» n"n oeenaivi envi uv p"n 

MS. No. 25 contains mostly short notes by R. Zevi Hirsch, 
mostly marked pnaP, in some places }"5& JV13P. There are 
also several loose slips in the book marked similarly. One of 
these reads: maiy jDtni m313 nnaew 'S^, ' Forgetfulness 
increases as the time passes'. There are only three Responsa 
in this manuscript, one to R. Mordecai Banet of Nikolsburg, the 
other to his uncle R. Jacob Emden, and one to R. Juda Leb 
of Posen, Rabbi in Wusterhausen. 

Page 85 a. 
mp'SD nrtt by imaxhp'io Dsma .n" id ynrp 'nacne' nr 

,na nnw na nm b Mpsnoiv 

Page 125 a. 
Dana n'a yajr n"oa ptun ann n"o jd t6'jp rrWi ir nW 

.K"y pwmo ?-\) «src /no y*win n"n ;pia runoo "n 

Page 127 a. 

. . . j'nann n'K nawn "p »n 
.133 onan p e» jjt lpnjffp wwi 

Page 134 a. 
.J3DBD B»Tn ri'ioa ap tnirr i'd n'no jnmDBitrti p'po nW 

.[spri cnid runp3t? n*D paj>a] 

The most important is MS. No. 26, consisting of 164 pages. 
There are likewise notes marked IVDP, but the chief contents are 
Responsa by R. Zevi Hirsch. 

Page 5 a. 
unano rain wtn aw bhsd me»a ;vy pa 'nana ^"n b 

. . . to 'sa ^'t "i^ nse-D i>ya ann nana DPpa 

Page 9 a (middle) apparently written in Berlin. 

Tyo "Vkd n'loa ^a idb» '\n ny3 }to$> N3 D'oc "t T3yo nr 
. . . ]H^? ntroi "poDn (?)}TTi. In the same Responsum he 



378 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

mentions that at one time in the year 1741 he lost all his 
possessions by fire while living in Zlatova. rw tND "l^N niM31 

n5>i 'iiun^t p"p nanca vtb 'vi ie>n bzv 'pi Tttof ~ayn N"pn 
rv3 vwsn n"y3 wpsi "n rby i^bn py none bo »i> inbo 
aynns d'pdibi Dnioi d"3D"« dV nsD3 nny njn tnd ^shK 
■jsnNi nu men nvj nn ro^i n"«5> nsD tin }"n i^n n^iti 
i>y njpn wj& bwid ^ 'vn ,DnaD prvn "jino miro D'poiyn 

. . . sjn 

Page 18 a. Responsum to Rabbi Abraham Levi of (Briesen ?), 
with reference to a dispute this Rabbi had with his congregation 
on account of a divorce case which the Rabbi had declared 
illegal, but the woman's friends had obtained a decision from the 
Rabbi of Hanover allowing her to re-marry. R. Zevi refers to 
letters written in this matter by his brother R. Saul of Amsterdam 
and by the Rabbi of Cassel. The Responsum was obviously 
written in Berlin when R. Zevi was already old and feeble. The 
letter begins: Dyn two SltfJ Ttvbi DJDNn abem N13D TVi '"iriN 
new "o mob "by vn njnei runo -vyi -vy »Vn **?i~b "ipn nrn 

DOT JND3 DJ'N Dn DJ WJ> IINI TO3 »T '3 £M pmo pN^ ^13DN1 

' | nh^• , n^ irmn nnnso "ironx ^i«^ »"d vtnm n3i nbts* ni'yn' 1 
TiiN3 nrn Toro nam o^iyn nicy Di^trm ddnd iy»i> dj yuoS> 
mi>BO niDB^ "jnx n"ay» DiCNrs peh. With real tact R. Zevi 
admonishes R. Abraham to take the first step in restoring order 
and peace in his congregation, while in a letter which he sends 
to the congregation (pages i8b-ioa) he warns the leaders to 
take care not to hurt the honour of their Rabbi and thus bring 
disgrace to the Representative of the Torah in their midst. He 

says : niB>y!?i m*-b mwn 1133^ oirb nsnn bam oyby n:n nnyi 

. . . abwn pimi? neaxn ne bz 

Page 20 b. Responsum concerning a young widow (np^D 
1~P3n) in which is mentioned a decision by R. Joseph Steinhart 
of Furth. He signs: »em5> flBXO TS bso TlDlEl inon D1N3 

.p"sb n"~\pn mx> i"c "3 pi^na p"p ns Dninn dw 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCH1NSKY 379 

Page 35 a. Questions, unfortunately with neither signature 
nor date, by a Sephardi Rabbi, probably the Haham in London, 
who excuses himself not having answered R. Zevi Hirsch's letter 
at once, but he had sent an acknowledgment personally through 
his brother Jacob. Follows a Responsum, closing with the words : 

s wbvn pDism }«an twmn D'bnan nniso ye by nann nyo ynm 
.to yiynim inn by inn iTDyn onto «an iny no sin 

Page 40 a (middle) we find notes to Azulai's D'bnjn De : 

yen main dn >a nya yab ps ;pvij»n rnyn) :a"y n'j cji 
yo'D . 3"y n"3 spa jbn^> ntan nnynn axon nei n'ipn unnb 
isti ""l^n "rue m . (nibuy 'twn yea nienx nyen ntnnnn 
,ynr *iik »"n Tobn Sne ana ibidm n'opnn D'abs "n n:e vms 
nn bins din 'vi n'cpnn mea naa b":n aean *ab nne n"n nn 
ynr nix i'm ,?"b '<D3 anae nr ;yy ,b*? t'3to be udt Tina ton 
mm noa odd jwijcti j'atnn be naa b"? ''atari Tobn 'w yiT 1 
in bxw "13 nn»e wan Tobn art pwn ni» vby anai naoa 
vne jnn» nn»e Irani ''atne vmaiena ana b"em pan nnsbn 
wn sjbt« nbnna 'n jrnt nwe ana ioxy sm »eonn sjbx nna 

.(x"y n"b it e'n) i'b «p o'» '-d j«y 

'-n nuen bya n'atnn 'n '»d nixa (a"y "k ep e"n) "3 ep 

(N"y ?"y e"n) "y «p jopbn y« neni /iai jennn ne» wan Tobn 

n'on Tobn 'w np" 1 "ia 3py m Tobn 'vi ''m 3na "n mtc 

inyne ana (a"y n"d cji e'n) i"d ^n 'i '»d pi mxai 

40 b 

nan noa trae n'atnm jennn neo wan »TDbn vn n'ca yam 
N"a spa ana ioxy torn -nxon by3 neye maena "itaaei »'en 
naae '"en trao jennn ne» wan be iTobn "ne n'ax 3nne 
'd3 b"? 'mr wane yiT dj tind pirn nn v» H a ron iDcanj 
mrm incana n'axnn to a"y naa a"xi ^"n nan Nno nvxon 
ni'Nns n'ain enp "nb* ana (3*y t"y fjn) a"y "a epa oe dji 
n'aNnne neat? tk a"Ni Da'onn Dmp Dye ns»i> anp 'n »'ene 
i"ivb nr ^"sonn by nuen ney ^'vnn /w ian be nan 'n 



380 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

D'nno ton dn swan bv an pjya dd msa ana my . Dnan aany 
Dan w m vi>y w»n naa Dnnas ynr 'ien b re>ni 1113 na 
mo pmn ana n"» '>d a"i> ^a trtnn 'itrna nvtnn ^y epu myi 
ntn annaa p ^'r two warn rcno wtni ny nai ^"t n"nn 
Dn db> xanc no be nxm new niD^nb rnwo naicna nsnni 
.n"a ''D B>""y ^"r mna na o"nn 'nano 
nw D"nwy e>"udd new n'nno^ wan mo naien "i> ''d de>i 
marina o'nno Nine yiTi ^>"j D^iy mo* jiwn na atw nDann 
-ib>bnb> a'yxi a'a o'nno dp owm wanna napi av osmx> 
i»en onn urn "n ^n; my \n naac ^"r e>*Knn ntrs n"n n» ;w 
"ni *t '"'D jap jap ina na D"nno "atwo K»"oa hb>d na ntw "n 
nwjm it oat? notca nana pi a"p ''Da de> a'a sin Nine nxnai 
,b>dd vin^n law n^nas? ii> pW naan jo ann m by sin wd 
my nNiao pi mna na D'nnn Kin amaaaino o'nnon nnaio d'd 
.anaataino D'nno i>e> im»^n naw ;dp jatwia 

Page 42 a. Responsum to a question of tatayB', dated London, 
Sunday, 26th of Heshvan, 5524 = 1763. 

Ibid. Introduction to his notes, in which he explains that 
it is necessary for a Rabbi to make notes on every question that 
occurs to him in daily life, so that the Ame-Ha'arez should not 
consider him ignorant on account of his hesitating with a reply. 

Page 57 b. Letter to R. Judah Leb, Rabbi of Halberstadt, 
concerning a case of man npa'a. 

Page 61 b. Question by the Rabbi of Schwerin, signed on 

p. 64a, as follows: roc nao »'n pnync? p"p na Dnmm aman 
. . jnsbo obim trmn av p"a^> a"»pn dhk»d 'p'ny a^nn 'bios 

(Rabbi Zevi Hirsch Mirels of London, who was Rabbi of Schwerin 
from 1770 till 1790, was the son of R. Aaron Mirels of London, 
of whom, however, we have no trace in London records so far. 
R. Aaron was son of R. Meshulam Zalman Mirels of Hamburg, 
father-in-law of Haham Zevi(cp. Year-Book, 7DE>Nn, vol. 2, p. 211). 
Rabbi Zevi Hirsch Lewin calls him ' my cousin ' (a"ts>) on p. 64 b 
of our manuscript (cp.JE., vol. VIII, p. 608; Brann in Guttmann- 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 381 

Festschrift, p. 246, and the literature given there). Mirels was 
before his election in Schwerin Rabbi in Wreschen (Posen. 
Cp. Roest Catalogue, pp. 25, 139, 203, 335). 

Page 65 b. Letter on the same question from Elia of Posen, 
Rabbi in Lanzburg (Landsberg), who addresses R. Zevi Hirsch 
as his teacher. 

Page 67 b. Responsum of R. Z. H. to the above letters 
dated Berlin, 14th of Shevat of the same year. Page 67 has also 
a short index for pp. 1-42. 

Page 68 a. To a certain R. Israel, in which he complains 
that owing to overwork and failing health he had no time to go 
into the question put before him as deeply as he should have 

liked to: iix-ia ?*yb 'aiarv vb v"b span nio^i porn nmai. 

Page 70 b. Answer to a question by one of his sons (probably 

R. Saul) : >": j^sion ;iion '33 , aai' p ait?. 

Page 71b deals with a case of marriage in London. 

Page 73 a likewise discusses a similar question which came 
before him while officiating in London. 

Page 75 a. Question by R. Juda Leb Eger (of Braunschweig) 
to R. Z. H. in Berlin to which the tatter's response on p. 76 a. 

Page 77 b. Answer to his son. 

Pages 78-82. Notes on various subjects. 

Page 83 a. Question addressed to him in London concerning 
the custom of baking tarts and omelettes on Passover in pewter 
dishes, which were in use all the year round. Date 1758. 
;tdb»di poison poiNtr '^ama p"sb '"npn nDa it nanoa rbm 
Pb-inbh pew to wn niD» bz 'na 'bswtr Ha b& nnypa 
71m nsto nw\ nt/axn bv "mnb \rm id\»bi nnvpn "pra prae*! 
paisK' •bin iim pw is ptr Bye pirew nann yrn mj>pn 
pvan pbhpop mip ^an i>a 13 paDi ^an "pni> bikb in TBtpan 
b* dn jaa^ nt^as w ^na ^ i^n nnypt? *isptai iami> 



382 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

x'iri '<D3 nxnon rano pia nDS3 concn^i pnnna j^wni* -invi 

.... x"o-i3 x"' ^yo 

Page 84 a cited a Responsum by his brother-in-law Rabbi 
Saul Halevy of the Hague — and page 84 b, a Responsum by his 
brother R. Saul of Amsterdam (l"3X JINJD 'D'J T"y 3»BW HD 
*"j cniBB'DN p"pn i"3x pxan <nx r"y ^ s'twit? no ;,:ixn p"pi). 

Page 85 a. Another letter by R. Saul Halevy followed by 
Talmudic notes until page 92, middle, where we find a decision 
about raisin-wine, whether it can be used like ordinary wine and 
the same blessing said before partaking of it. 
0<y^h ntrun 31-13 Tim rbo2 n33c nvn as D^picv j«n p3 
iwwai yfyy pzpsb pxci i:n:» i>j> n3in run^ mo , B'£3 'a 11133 13 
x> p"pn n"3t<n la-D'j an <innxi> mm t6 b"i ptun u:p? dje' 
n33t? ^"r ptan wax nx 13 tj?dk> x^x my «i?i inx paoa X3:ru 
. jn"s3 vi>y Toi> miDJ nx-)W3 noy 3"syxi x^y *xn3 s"3 ii> 'vi 

.wy n33 -ie>x nx "fan nnx X3- 'di 

Page 93 a. Rabbi Hirschel declares that if a Sefer Torah 
falls down only the one who dropped it has to fast, but not all 
onlookers, as is the custom in many congregations : he had found 
no foundation for this custom in the codes. 

•6 nx-o nbtw min nao 'wibo mynrb ni>iyn urue> no 
imxi> dx '3 nsp *po uxvd xi> |X3 iyi nr injo!? ^3 pD pxe> 
. . . . "n p"d Y'd ''d x"»3 e>"d31 it» ntat? 

Pages H7b-i25a. Letters from and to his brother R. Saul 
and his brother-in-law, the Rabbi of the Hague. 

Page 128. Letter from Rabbi Meir Posner of S. (a congrega- 
tion in Poland). 

nbnp 'box rarvn ijmjni px nxipj "bimb "p^on tuhds run 
. . . (dc ncyjn W33 py3) . . D"Dnni ;x"na iidx^t 103 niaioDn 
. . . v P"p3 njinn -una tnd p"n en"n "inn /x nan 

Page 140 a. Letter from a Rabbi Samson b. Zelke in Br . . . 
concerning a certain Henle Peiersdorf of London, who bought 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 383 

in 1738 a gold watch from Gerson Goldsticker of Br . . (the 
writer's congregation) and gave him a bill for the same. Rabbi 
Samson now asks the Rabbi of London to help the said Gerson, 
who is now an old man, to obtain payment of the Said bill. 
Answer of R. Z. H. on same page, which is followed by another 
letter of Rabbi Samson on p. 141 b. 

Pages i42a-i44b. Letters from and to Rabbi Juda Leb 
Eger of Braunschweig. 

Page 148 b. Letter from Munster b. Nahum, the Levite, to 
his teacher, R. Zevi Hirsch, his son Rabbi Saul, and son-in-law 
R. Meir. 

Page 150 a (middle). Question from Rabbi Isachar Ber b. 
Herz of Dessau to R. Z. H. 

Page 151a. Letter from R. Z. H. to his relative R. Meir 
(Posner), and the important Responsa of Rabbi Saul of Amsterdam 
and Rabbi Zevi Hirsch, while Rabbi of London, with reference 
to the fish called 'turbot', whether it may be eaten by Jews. 
R. Zevi decides in the affirmative, and bases his decision upon 
documents by the Beth-Din of Venice. The Responsa are too 
lengthy for publication in this place ; the Venice documents read 
as follows. (It appears that in Amsterdam the fish was regarded 
as -iidn; p. 151a we read: ufW "B13 in "tOpifi »n -\21 *?V 
no'tr dw rooipon "6x3 tcn ia). 

Page 155 a. 

nnyn n< 37130 

njf«s B*vm5> btnw dni tjd urwra 13 o"n won an»j» 
iovy mm oi3no wwia tripm rm wtn ltn rrw 1 ? m"nn t\sm 
vh& anspa wjd xhym lo&a imona i>3en «npj urunoa t«?n 
nwita 'a ujw jn« yot?i> bji W jjvto w5n« *inie xin -ie>k3 
n'i '3 ov avn win b^31n sy"* tu'wotwipa o-isni p b: mron 
npv .o'd tj?d DvWa 3py 'ai 'op lew ni> -itw perno enni> 



384 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

kwii p"pt bran Y2 ncyo 
rtNWVDE> tvbbsn nawi 'jan oinnn bv Dwan uton EPTyo 
?"yfe feon xnpn nn ''few ^na« 133 ny nan nwn "vys o K"y 
rniDon "Jan onriBD nioipoa Dwai miceo n?Kn ioa J3J3 D^-un 
ii?E> a<cpe>pn -kwd am \o into ntn nnt? QiTIiukd DTa sw 
ntwpyn na ude> uonn nosn n^x-fri nn -lynyo e»« jw d"D3 
.P"b^ few -ion nnn n« iror rueai ttd3 jvd i"d vi qv avn 
n3s«3ND3iD in3 3*3 note ip^vxa not* a"3 pnv 

^bn im yew na'3 ti 3py pna ^i>n nets n3"3 ro^t? 

n'niWj fei (?) p"no na inix D^feiN ^"jn feon rmv : v w n»N 
»fe -una nb twnpn mm nrpniaK maxo dtq prmo invm 

.i>fe piapa ow 
dn-ind^n nn Twio'aa no^ auta nn"?? two m"»3 jd^t rrobv 

,b"i tnan npe mnfoss nn d^dj 
Interesting is that, following upon this decision of their Rabbi 
that ' turbot ' is a kasher fish, some members of the congregation 
applied his permission not only to turbot but also to eels. 

Page 156 a. We find a letter from R. Juda of Halberstadt 
asking R. Zevi Hirsch whether it was really true that he allowed 
the eating of eels, and if so would he kindly let him know upon 
what paragraph of the codes he had based this decision. The 
Rabbi naturally explained that turbots are not eels. R. Juda 
writes : 

101^3 emni> nmb njn <n«3 'itns tin pN wy mac Djn 
-ij»n nn "-[ pxpn n3nn taim na wx<vh N3 ->b»n n3nn nny aitan 
oynu vn ne>N "n n »"j bxz-[ i"d *ninn i"spn unnb n^c dcd 
a'anc i>Nan "n unnV snap run ny btr\w nivian fe3 -iid^n u 
(I^sn sipan nn) nmo nw n>3^> nam n iro« nrvn nonn 

'isns ntn nsnn pyi *bti nonn irawh siro't? nirwi 

n"a •'cn-^ miayi -im nvw tni vfe tod -ib>n KTnnn n3 jmr6 
.DNBBnairanD mw "pn Ten inaitai* innt^ pi»n j'n 

The response to this letter extends from 156 b to 158 b, on 
which page we find a question by one of the Rabbi's sons and 



THE GREAT SYNAGOGUE, LONDON — DUSCHINSKY 385 

answer to the same (referring to pickled nuts). This is followed 
on p. 162 b by the letter of R. Leb Norden to Rabbi Saul, 
printed above, pp. 279-81, which is the end of the manuscript. 

To the list of works by R. Z. H. are to be added : Notes to 
Mishna, edited by Rabbi Michelsohn, under the title 2~i N3V 
(Piotrkow, 1907), and in the book N11IV Tip by Juda of Glogau 
(Fflrth, 1775), a pupil of R. Zevi Hirschel, several expositions 
on Talmudic passages are printed (pp. 19 a, 40 a, 42 a). 

Prof. M. Brann has called my attention to an approbation 
by R. Z. H. to the book D715? TlD" 1 by Isaac Israeli, Berlin, 1777 
(cp. p. 57). According to Prof. Simonsen R. Zevi Hirsch had 
a fourth daughter Zipporah Frade, married to Meyer Israel Meyer 
of the family 'Hausen' in Altona. Three daughters of this 
couple were married in Copenhagen, one of these, Dina Henriques, 
was Prof. Simonsen's great-aunt (cp. Tidsskrift f. Jedisk Lit. og 
Hist., 1, p. 181). The conundrum as to how R. Zevi Hirsch 
went to Piemonte (cp. p. 45 [380]) is solved by the same scholar, 
who referred me to the book 3"i N2V already mentioned, where 
it is made clear that we have to read Pyrmont "7J10TS, a small 
watering-place in Germany. 

Page 76 (JQR., X, 447), note 65. Mr. S. Seeligmann of 
Amsterdam called my attention to Abraham Nancy's book n^y 
nann, London, 1785, 8vo., mentioned by Schechter, Studies in 
Judaism, I, p. 377, and by me in JHSE., trans., VII, p. 288. 
Abr. Nancy also wrote a dedication-poem 'Lofzang ' (Cat. Almanzi, 
No. 4552) while he was (for sixteen years) tutor in the house of 
Tobias Boas at the Hague, who was a great admirer of the Bal- 
Shem Samuel Falk. He is called there Abraham Solomon 
Nazig(cp. S. Seeligmann, Het geestelijk leven . . . te's Gravenhage, 
1914, p. 12; also Steinschneider, 'Jiidische Arzte' in ZfHB., 
vol. XVII, pp. 68-98; Zeitlin, Bibl. Hebr. Post-Mendelssohniana, 
s.v. Nantisch, p. 249). 

Page 80 (451). The house 'Zum Griinen Schild' occurs 
already in a list of houses of the years 1535-40 in J. Kracauer's 
Geschichte der Judengasse Frankfurt ajM., p. 453 (S. Seeligm.). 



386 THE JEWISH QUARTERLY REVIEW 

Page 82 (453). About Isaac Sinzheim, his son Zalman and 
the family generally cp. now Wachstein, Inschriften des alten 
Judenfriedhofes in Wien (1917), vol. II, pp. 397-400. (S. Seeligm.). 

Page 135 (506). The full title of Peppercorn's book is : The 
Laws of the Hebrews relating to the Poor and Strangers, written 
in Hebrew in the 12th Century by the celebrated Rabbi M. Mai- 
monides, London, Pelham Richardsons, 23 Cornhill, 1838. My 
copy formerly belonged to a Mr. William Simpson and has his 
book-plate. He may be identical with the Mr. Simpson men- 
tioned on this page. 

Page 148 (519). About Solomon Bennett cp. now S. Kirch- 
stein's Judische Graphiker, Berlin, 1918, pp. 15-27; also Zeitlin, 
Bibl. Hebr. Post-Mendels., pp. 26-7 ; Graber, nnSDn -)V!N JV3, I, 
p. 28