Early Journal Content on JSTOR, Free to Anyone in the World
This article is one of nearly 500,000 scholarly works digitized and made freely available to everyone in
the world by JSTOR.
Known as the Early Journal Content, this set of works include research articles, news, letters, and other
writings published in more than 200 of the oldest leading academic journals. The works date from the
mid-seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries.
We encourage people to read and share the Early Journal Content openly and to tell others that this
resource exists. People may post this content online or redistribute in any way for non-commercial
Read more about Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate-jstor/individuals/early-
JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people
discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching
platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit
organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please
[Vol. XXII. No. 548
This apparently furnishes, afc least, a straw pointing in the
direction I have been moving in my study of the Maya hiero-
glyphs. Cyrus Thomas.
Washington, D.C., July 15.
Historical Statements in Century Dictionary Contradicted by
Napier's rods (or bones), a contrivance commonly attributed to
John Napier (1550-1617), but in fact described in the Arithmetic
of Oronce Finee (1532).— Century Dictionary under rod.
Die erste Beschreibung gab Nefer in seiner Rabdologia (Edin-
burg, 1617). — Vorlesungen uber Geschichte der Mathematik, von
Moritz Cantor, zweiter Band, Seite 660.
The earliest known writers on the subject (magic squares) were
Arabians, among whom these squares were used as amulets. —
Century Dictionary, under magic.
The earliest known writer on the subject was Emanuel Mosco-
pulus, a Greek, who lived in the fourth or fifth century, and
whose manuscript is preserved in the National Library at Paris.
—Encyclopedia Britannica, under magic squares.
These seem to me to be contradictions. I should be glad to see
the truth in regard to these historical facts plainly set forth by a
reader of Science. Geo. A. Miller.
Eureka College, Eureka, 111., July 24.
The Cambojan Khmers.
Owing to some irregularity in the postal delivery I have only
just received Science for June 9, else T should have sooner asked
leave to put in a claim of priority in connection with Dr. Mau-
rel's new views regarding the " Aryan " origin of the Khmers, re-
ferred to by Dr. Brinton in that issue. Personally I avoid the
expression ' < Aryan or Indo-European stock " as confusing and
applicable far more to linguistic than to ethnical groups.
" Caucasian," used in Blumenbach's sense, be
6 'Aryan" Dr. Brinton will find, by consulting the Transactions
of the British Association for 1879, that fourteen years ago I con-
clusively showed that the Khmers should be grouped not with
the surrounding Mongolic, but with the Caucasic division of
mankind. In the " Monograph on the Relations of the Indo-Chi-
nese and Inter-Oceanic Races and Languages," read before the
association, and again before the Anthropological Institute and
printed in the journal of that society for February, 1880, and is-
sued separately by Tmbner at same date, I argued generally that
" both of the great Asiatic types conventionally known as Cau-
casian and Mongolian, have from prehistoric times occupied the
Indo-Chinese peninsula," and particularly that here the Caucasic
stock is represented by the widespread Khmer group, that is to
say, the Cambojans proper, the Kuys or Khmerdom (" original
Khmers"), as the Cambojans call them, the Stiengs, Charays,
Chams and many others, some still in the tribal state, some long
civilized or semi-civilized. It is the civilized that mainly engage
Dr. Maurei's attention, and that he rightly regards as Aryans
(read Caucasians), but wrongly supposes to have migrated in
comparatively recent times from India to Indo-China, "bringing
with them the Aryan culture of that country as proved by the
stately ruins of Ang-Kok (read Ongkor-Vaht)." There was no
such migration " probably about the third or fourth century of
the Christian era," for the Khmers are not recent arrivals, but
the true aborigines, as shown by the presence of the Khmer-
dom and the kindred wild tribes, and also by their untoned poly-
syllabic speech, radically distinct both from the Indo-Chinese
toned monosyllabic group and from the Indie (Sanscritic) branch
of the Aryan, hut closely allied to the untoned polysyllabic Ma-
layo-Polynesian linguistic family.
This point, which I think I have established to the satisfaction
of most ethnologists and philologists (Professor Sayce amongst
others), is of far-reaching consequence. It affords the solution of
the extremely difficult problem connected with the presence of
Logan's "Indonesians," my Caucasians, side by side or intermin-
Reading Matter Notices.
Ripans Tabules : for torpid liver.
Ripans Tabules banish pain.
Pennsylvania Bedford Springs Mineral Water
For Liver, Kidney and Bl dder Troubles.
For Gravel, Gall Stones, Jaundice.
For Dyspepsia, Rheumatism and Gout.
For Dropsy, Bright's Disease, Diabetes.
For Hemorrhoids, Etc.
It has been used medicinally and prescribed by
physicians for nearly one hundred years.
DIRECTIONS:— Take one or two glasses about a
half-hour before each meal.
Case One Dozen Half-Gallon Bottles, $4.50.
Case Fifty Quarts (Aerated), $7.50.
Bedford Mineral Springs Co,, Bedford, Pa.
Philadelphia Office, 1004 Walnut St.
OB SUPERIOR AND S1ANDARD QUALITY.
Leading Nos.: 048, 14, 130, 135, 239, 333
JFor Sale by all Stationers,
THE ESTERBROQK STEEL PEN GO.
Works: Camden, N. J. i!6 John St., Mew York,
ASK US <
— € J/B.COLT&CO. f|
16BEEKMAN ST_V. 189 LA SALLE ST.
ACK NUMBERS and complete sets of leading Mag
azines. Rates low. AM. MAG. EXCHANGE.
Schoharie, N. Y.
*> PISCES -CURE FOR
n GURES WHERE ALL ELSE FAILS.
Best Cough Syrup. Tastes Good. Use
in time. Sold by druggists.
Send for our " Winter Bulletin, " recently issued.
Minerals, Gems, Microscopical Sections, Fine Lap-
GEO. L. ENGLISH & CO,, Mineralogists,
Removed to 64 East 12th Street, New York
• .1H-E.,CHEBrcST»iRNB'BEST..I . I -\
fa O? PARK PLACE , NEW YORK-
. ENGRAVING FOR AfcU <U.USTHAT4VE AND*
• 'ADVeRTISING PfiRPOSCS.-V
Gentlemen, aria* or mIUs*
"OH Reliable Plater." >*•%
practical way to replate rasty and
warn halves, Sarin, saeaas, ete;
quickly done by dipping in melted
metal. No experience, polishing
or machinery. Thick plate at one
operation; lasts 6 to 10 years; One
finish when taken from the plater.
Erery family has plating to do.
Plater sells readily. Profits large.
W. P. Harrison A Oa^Cafauaaas.O.
RESTORE YOUR EYESIGHT
Cataracts, scars or films can be absorbed and
paralyzed nerves restored, -without the knife
or risk. Diseased eyes or lids can be cured by
our home treatment. " We prove it." Hun-
dreds convinced. Our illustrated pamphlet,
'Home Treatment for Eyes/' free. Don't miss it.
Everybody wants it. " The Bye," Glens Falls, N.Y.
This book is the result of an attempt to
collect the scattered notices of fossil resins,
exclusive of those on amber. The work is of
interest also on account of descriptions given
of the insects fonnd embedded in these long-
preserved exudations from early vegetation.
By CLARENCE L0WN and HENRY BOOTH-
H. D, C. HODGES, 874 Broadway, H. Y,
Ex - President Andrew IX
White, of Cornell University,
says: "I believe thatthe highest interests of Chris-
tian civilization and of humanity would be served
by its adoption."
" So set down, our tongue is the best for the world
to unite upon."— Brooklyn Eagle.
" The idea of Mr. Bell has much to recommend it,
and the presentation is charmingly clear." — Ameri-
"The result is a language which cannot fail to
meet with acceptance." — Boston Traveller.
" World- English deserves the careful consideration
of all serious scholars."— Modem Language Notes.
Sent, postpaid, on receipt of price.
N. D. C. HODGES, 874 Broadway, N. Y.
August 4, 1893.]
gled with the true Mongoloid Malays throughout the Oceanic do-
main (Indian and Pacific Oceans). But my object here is merely
to establish my priority claim for the American readers of Science,
who are referred to the above quoted monograph for the detailed
treatment of these interesting questions. A. H. Keane.
79 Broadhurst Gardens, South Hampstead, N. W., July 21.
Sound and Color.
Without in the least doubting the accuracy of Di\ Wallian's
curious observations respecting the appearance of color about the
heads of public speakers, I would just suggest the possibility of
I have myself frequently observed, when listening to various
preachers, a patch of rich blue color near to the head of the
speaker. I have always attributed this, however, to the well-
known effect upon the retina of fatigue from the continued im-
pression of one color giving rise to a phantasm of the complemen-
tary color. The face of a speaker is some tint of flesh color. The
eye of the listener is fixed upon the face, and in a short time the
complementary phantasm makes its appearance, always some tint
of blue or purple, according to the complexion of the speaker.
This will not, of course, explain all the phenomena mentioned
by Professor Underwood and Dr. Wallian, but it is a factor which
should not be forgotten in discussing the subject.
F. T. Mott.
A Biographical Index of British and Irish Botanists. By James
Britten and G* S. Boulger. London, West, Newman &
Co., 1893. 203 p.
Messrs. Britten and Boulger have republished in book form their
' 'Index of British and Irish Botanists." The matter originally
appeared in the Journal of Botany from 1888 until 1891, but in
203 pages of the reprint a large amount of additional material is
given. This is shown by the fact that 1,825 names are given in
the volume, against 1,619 given in the Journal of Botany. In a
succinct form and by means of a series of readily understood ab-
breviations there are given the dates of birth and of death, place
of birth and death, place of burial, indication of social position
or occupation, university degrees or titles or offices held, and
dates of election to the Linnaean and Royal societies. Mention is
also made of the whereabouts of any correspondence or MSS. and
the existence of any herbarium or plants collected. Various bi-
ographical dictionaries, where further information may be ob-
tained, are also referred to. Any portrait, original or engraved,
and any genus, or, failing this, any species, dedicated to the per-
son, is mentioned. From this it will be seen that a large amount
of information is gathered within a small compass, and the vol-
ume will be of great assistance in looking up facts relative to any
one of the 1,825 names included within its pages.
Joseph F. James.
Washington, D. C, July 22.
AMONG THE PUBLISHERS.
Hann & Adair, Columbus, O., announce "A History of the
German Language from the Earliest Times to the Present Day, n
by Chas. W. Super, president of the Ohio University at Athens.
The purpose of the author has been to write a book that may be
read with interest and profit by persons whose knowledge of Ger-
man does not extend beyond the rudiments. It has been his aim
to make duly prominent the common origin of the English and
German languages and to use many facts of the former to eluci-
date those of the latter, so far as it can be done within the space
at command. The book also discusses incidentally some pheno-
mena common to all civilized tongues. By the same author is
u Weil's Order of Words in the Ancient Languages Compared
with that of the Modern Languages," published by Ginn & Co.,
Horsford's Acid Phosphate
with water and sugar only,
makes a delicious, healthful and
Allays the thirst, aids diges-
tion, and relieves the lassitude
so common in midsummer.
Dr, M. H. Henry^ New York, says:
"When completely tired out by pro-
longed wakefulness and overwork, it is
of the greatest value to me. As a bev-
erage it possesses charms beyond any-
thing I know of in the form of medi-
Descriptive pamphlet free.
Rum ford Chemical Works, Providence, R. I.
Beware of Substitutes and Imitations.
[Free of charge to all, if of satisfactory character.
Address N. D. C. Hodges, 874 Broadway, New York.]
Wanted to exchange. — Medical books, Obstetri*
cal Transactions, London, Works of Sir J. Y-
Simpson, Beck's Medical Jurisprudence. Hand
book for the Physiological Laboratory, by Burnton,
Foster, Klein and Sanderson, Quain's Anatomy,
and about fifty others. Catalogues given. Want
Geological, Botanical and Microscopical books in
exchange. Dr. A. M. Edwards, 11 Washington St.,
Newark, N. J.
A complete set of Bulletins of U. S. Geological
Survey, various reports and bulletins of surveys of
Missouri, Arkansas, Minnesota, Alabama, Illinois,
New York, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Ohio and Texas;
iron ores of Minnesota ; Wailes' Agriculture and
Geology of Mississippi (rare). To exchange for peri-
odicals and books on Entomology or for Lepidoptera.
Rev. John Davis, the Deanery, Little Rock, Ark.
For sale or exchange.— A complete set of the re-
port of the last Geological Survey of Wisconsin,
T. C. Chamberlin, geologist. It consists of four
large volumes, finely illustrated, and upwards of
forty large maps and charts, Will sell for cash or
exchange for a microscope. Address Geo. Beck,
For sale or exchange for copper coins or rare
postage stamps. Tryon's American Marine Conch-
ology, containing hand colored figures of all the
shells of the Atlantic coast of the United States.
Presentation copy, autograph, etc. One vol., half
morocco, 8vo, usual price, $2\ postpaid, $15. Botany
of the Fortieth Parallel of the Hundredth Meridian
of the Pacific R. R. Survey. Other Botanical works
and works on Ethnology. F. A. Hassler, M.D.,
Santa Ana, Cal.
I have a fire-proof safe, weight 1,150 pounds,
which I will sell cheap or exchange for a gasoline
engine or some other things that may happen to
suit. The safe is nearly new, used a short time
only. Make offers. A. Lagerstrom, Cannon Falls,
Minn., Box 857.
For exchange. — Hudson River fossils in good con-
dition from the vicinity of Moore's Hill, Ind., also
land and fresh water shells. Desire fossils and
shells from other groups and localities. Address
Geo. C. Hubbarjt, Moore's Hill, Ind.
I wish to exchange a collection of 7,000 shells,
1001 species and varieties, American and foreign,
land, fluviatile and marine, for a good microscope
and accessories. Address, with particulars, Dr.
Lorenzo G. Yates, Santa Barbara, California.
WANTED— Panorpidae, Myrmeleoninae, and lit-
erature on the same. Chas. C. Adams, Bloom-
WANTED.— Assistant in Nautical Almanac office*
Navy Department. The Civil Service Commis-
sion will hold an examination on August 15 to fill a
vacancy in the position of assistant (computer) in
the Nautical Almanac office. The subjects will be
letter-writing, penmanship, trigonometry, rudi-
ments of analytical geometry and calculus,
logarithms, theory and practice of computations,
and astronomy. Each applicant must provide him-
self with a five-place logarithmic table. The ex-
amination will be held in Washington, and if appli-
cations are filed in season, arrangements may be
made for examinations in the large cities. Blanks
will be furnished upon application to the Commis-
sion at Washington.
DRAFTSMEN WANTED.-The Civil Service Com-
mission will hold examinations on August 15 to
fill two vacancies in the War Department; one in
the position of architectural draftsman, salary
$1,400, the other in the position of assistant drafts-
man, Quartermaster General's office, salary $1,200.
The subjects of the architectural draftsman exami-
nation are letter-writing, designing specifications
and mensuration, and knowledge of materials; of
the assistant draftsman examination they are
letter-writing, tracing, topographic drawing and
projections. The examination will be held in
Washington, and if applications are filed in season,
arrangements may be made for examinations in the
large cities. Blanks will be furnished upon appli-
cation to the Commission at Washington.
A YOUNG man who has been through the course
in mathematics in Princeton University,
wishes some tutoring this summer. Rates reason-
able. Address P. H. Westcott, Cramer's Hill, Cam-
den Co., N.J.
A GRADUATE of an American Polytechnic insti-
tution and of a German university (Gottingen),
seeks a position to teach chemistry in a college or
similar institution. Five years' experience in
teaching chemistry, Address Chemist, 757 Cary St. f
AN experienced teacher in general biology wishes
a position in a first-class college or university.
Three years in post-graduate study. Extensive
experience. Strong indorsements. Address E. W.
Doran, Ph.D., 1327 G St., N. W., Washington, D. C.