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"It is not desirable to dismember a large 
general library and deprive it of one or 
more of its sections; a large general li- 
brary resembles a university and differs 
from the small special library as does a 
university from a school of technology. Its 
usefulness is lost if it is dismembered." 

At the same time we know that, as al- 
ready stated in this paper, a large uni- 
versity must have its departmental libra- 
ries, consisting of larger or smaller col- 
lections of books, according to the needs 
of each particular case. The existence of 
this need, however, does not justify a de- 
partment in proceeding to build its library 
as if this particular department and its 
library constituted the entire university, 
with no other library or department within 
a radius of a hundred miles. 

While there are no doubt many, even 
among those here present, who believe that 
a strict adherence to the idea conveyed 
by Mr. Lyster's resolution — to permit no 
separation or detachment of any section 
of a university library from its regular 
place in the central building — would yield 
the best results for the least money, the 
demands of the teaching and research de- 
partments of our large universities are 
coming to be such that it would probably 
prove impossible for any institution, in the 
long run, to hold strictly to this principle. 
Theoretically it may well be the ideal to- 
wards which each university library should 
strive. No doubt all the books should as 
far as possible be classified and cataloged 

as though parts of one single harmonious 
unit. In practice, however, some portion 
of them are likely to be loaned for definite 
or indefinite periods, to form more or less 
extensive departmental libraries. 

Possibly mechanical or other technical 
devices may in time facilitate and simplify 
connection and communication between a 
distinct department and the central Li- 
brary to such an extent that all the prob- 
lems with which the present paper has en- 
deavored to deal shall be solved; but until 
that has come to pass, the writer, know 
ing that the ideal — a large general library 
with strong departmental libraries consist- 
ing solely of duplicates, each library with 
its building, and up-to-date catalog — is im- 
possible of attainment, would be highly 
pleased to see realized as a second choice, 
a large central library from which books 
may be borrowed for longer or shorter per- 
iods to supply the more urgent needs of a 
department. A third alternative which 
might be mentioned would call for the 
second plan, but with the privilege of loan 
extended to include, especially in the case 
cf certain scientific departments, also the 
main classes of books representing the 
subjects taught in these departments. 

Whether the first plan, to which the sys- 
tem of the Clark University library most 
nearly approximates; the second or third, 
or some compromise between the three, is 
to be adopted, becomes an administrative 
matter to be settled by each university ac- 
cording to its lights and its means. 

By Clement W. Andbews, Librarian the John Crerar Library, Chicago 

It is evident that the fact that a collec- 
tion is called special by the library, pos- 
sessing it, is no guarantee that It is of 
special value to a scholar. On the other 
hand, a list of these special collections is 
by no means exhaustive of any subject, for 
even if the holdings of all special libraries 
—for example, those of natural history so- 

cieties and the medical societies — were list- 
ed, there would still remain those of the 
larger public libraries, the general refer- 
ence libraries and above all, the libraries 
in Washington. The proposition I submit, 
therefore, is that a census be taken of all 
these resources, so that scholars may be 
able to ascertain all the places where con- 



siderable amounts of material In their lines 
are to be found. 

For this purpose some uniform method 
of estimating the size of the holdings 
should be agreed upon. The usual one of 
stating that a library contains so many 
volumes and so many pamphlets, as pro- 
vided for by the rules of the A. L. A., is 
better than nothing, but it is not entirely 
satisfactory. Mr. Currier has pointed out 
that the older libraries have many vol- 
umes of bound pamphlets, the value of 
which is not adequately measured by the 
number of the volumes. On the other hand, 
the number of titles is also inadequate, be- 
cause a collection may be rich in volumes 
of periodicals or other serials. Is there not 
wanted a term which will signify the total 
of pamphlets, whether bound or unbound, 
and bound volumes, except those made up 
of pamphlets? Would "pieces" be satisfac- 
tory? The name is not very important be- 
cause the term would be defined in the 
beginning and only numbers given in the 
body of the work. A single number would 
be clearer to the users of the list than 
two or more, as well as more economical. 

The arrangement should be a classed one. 
For instance, special collections on coleop- 
tera should follow those on entomology and 
those again on zoology. With such an ar- 
rangement an index will refer to all the 
information available, whereas an alpha- 
beted arrangement of the subjects would 
require many cross references and still not 
insure this comprehensiveness. Moreover, 
a considerable economy in printing and a 

greater legibility of the page could be se- 
cured by varying the degree of division of 
the classes in accordance with the number 
of entries on them. For instance, under 
English drama, Shakespeare would of 
course be treated separately, but most of 
the minor dramatists would be included 
under the general heading, stating of 
course the name of the author or authors 
to which each collection is devoted. 

The system of classification should be 
one in print and In fairly general use; in 
other words, either the Decimal or that of 
the Library of Congress. 

It is not proposed to take a census of the 
library resources of the country, which in- 
deed would be a formidable undertaking, 
but one of special research material. It 
would therefore take no account of mod- 
erate sized general collections containing 
few unusual books and so would exclude 
most of the holdings of most libraries and 
include all the holdings of very few, if any. 

Many interesting and important details 
could be determined only by investigation 
and after careful consideration, but the ob- 
ject appears to me both desirable and feas- 
ible and I would suggest the appointment 
of a committee to take it up. 

(In the discussion which followed a gen- 
eral approval of the plan was expressed. 
Several units in which the size of the col- 
lection could be stated were proposed, 
among them "titles" and "titles and num- 
bers." One member of the section called 
attention to the desirability of giving the 
dates covered by the collection whenever 
these could be stated definitely.] 

By E. C. Richabdson, Librarian, Princeton University 

The huge increase in the output of 
books since the cheapening of printing and 
paper, together with the increasing tend- 
ency to produce in the form of collective 
monographs by various authors; period- 
icals, transactions, festschriften, and even 

encyclopedias with long signed articles, 
make the matter of analytical cataloging, 
or whole-article indexing, one of the most 
urgent of library problems. Literature has 
become a labyrinth and the need of a 
clue to it imperative. The vast waste of