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Tzembela, from «s ayxekov ; 

Tzecampo, from ds Ka/mop ; quoted as Cretan corruptions from 
Spratt's Researches in Crete by Brunn, ibid. 

Standia, from els rfjv Alav. Dapper (Beschryving van Archipel, 
283) states that in Italian charts it is also written Stantea and 

Stanco, from Kos. 

Satalia, from Attalia (Pamphylia). 

This list, doubtless, could be easily increased, but examples 
enough have been given to support the derivation of Stamboul by 
analogy, if any one should be disposed to doubt the historical 
evidence set forth above. 

E. G. B. 


My attention has been kindly called by Prof. Usener to the fact 
that in the Jahrbiicher fur classische Philologie for 1878 (Vol. 117), 
pp. 78-80, he had anticipated the views as to the indeclinability of 
meridie in the earliest authors expressed by me in Vol. VII of this 
Journal, pp. 228 ff., and supported them by reference to nearly the 
same passages. He gives, moreover, in addition, Fronto ad M. 
Caesar. IV 5, p. 68 (Naber), inde post meridie (posteridie first hand, 
post meridiem corr.) domum recepimus, and II 6, 31, exim ante- 
meridie apricum, Tusculanum : turn meridies fervida, Puteolana, 
and Cicero, Tusc. II 3, 9, where the Parisinus (first hand) and the 
Gudianus have post meridie. In the Deutsche Litteraturzeitung 
for May 8, 1886, at which time my article was already in print, 
Prof. Usener cites the four passages in Vegetius, also given by me, 
where the oldest MSS have post meridie. He also cites a passage 
unknown to me from Lucifer of Cagliari (Hartel's ed.), p. 144, 27, 
et tenebrae tibi tit meridie erunt, repeated in p. 145, 3, and Cod. 
Theod. XV 5, 2 (according to Cod. Petav.), ante meridie. The 
forms antemeridie and postmeridie quoted by me from the Notae 
Tironianae 74, seem thus to be amply supported by MS readings, 
and doubtless still other cases may be found. I am glad to find 
so eminent a scholar agreeing with my position, and to accord him 
the precedence which he deserves. My article was chiefly devoted 
to the defense of Varro's etymology, and here I regret to say that 
Prof. Usener does not agree with me, taking a view to which I 
cannot subscribe. He says, 1. c. p. 78, " nur ist r nicht vertreter 

NOTES. 83 

von d sondern von intervocalem s, und dies war assibilationspro- 
duct aus di : vgl. Claudius Clausus, Fidius nmbr. Fisus, *Condius 
Consus nach Grassmann in Kuhn ZS XVI 109, Bantia osk. 
Bansa," etc. I still hold, on the evidence of the examples given 
by me, that d could and did pass directly into r. The absurd 
etymology given by Servius, Comm. on Aen. 8, 138, " Alii Mer- 
curium quasi medicurrium a Latinis dictum volunt, quod inter 
caelum et inferos semper incurrat," may be added to the testimony 
already given to show that the Romans themselves recognized a 
kinship of sound between d and r. 

The last number of the Archiv fur lateinische Lexikographie 
contains (p. 566) a short review of Prof. Dr. Val. Hintner's "Meri- 
dies, eine etymologische Untersuchung : Jahresbericht des kk. 
akadem. Gymn. in Wien, 1886." This Programm, which also at- 
tempts the defense of the Varronian etymology, I have not seen, 
but from the statement of the reviewer, " ebenso wenig ist bewiesen 
dass d im Inlaut in r tibergehe, da die allbekannten Formen ar- 
vorsum arfuerunt u. a. doch nur Komposita sind," I should infer 
that he had not produced the instances which I have given for 
this change. 

Minton Warren.