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AMERICAN 
JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY 

Vol. XXII, 2. Whole No. 86. 

I.— A FURTHER COLLECTION OF LATIN PROVERBS. 

II. 

Daedalus, p. 105. Ioh. Sar. Polycrat. 7, 12 (M. 199, 662 C) 
Daedalo doctior; for Greek parallels see Wiesenthal, p. 51. 

dare 2, p. 106. Acta inst. Arch. Rom. 1861, p. 37 (Carm. 
Epigr. 190, 5 B.) dederunt, acceperunt, dum essent, fruniti sunt; 

DlOgen. 2, 77* "A"* St'Sou kol \dp8ape ; oral" irpos anurrov <rvvaK\do~<Ta>fiev 

Eustath. opusc. 152, 54; 315, 10 bos « ml Xa/3/ «, cited by Varro 
sat. 498 (B.) ; compare the English 'give and take.' 

debere, Szel., p. 32. Braulio ep. 5 (M. 80, 653 A) redde, 
redde, quos debes ; Maxim, eleg. 5, 52 debita redde mihi ; Steph. 
Torn. ep. 2, 51, 68 (M. 211, 348) redde quod debes. 

decantare, p. 106. Compare Plaut. Pseud. 1082 verba quae 
in comoediis | solent lenoni dici, quae pueri sciunt ; Plat. symp. 
204 B. 

decet 1, p. 106. Tibull. 1, 4, 77 gloria cuique suast. 

deductio. Sen. ben. 2, 4, 3 sine ulla, quod aiunt, deductione ; 
€ P- 58. 3 1 s ' ne u H a deductione; cf. CIL. 2, 1474. 

delirare. Lactant. instit. 3, 17, 29 de homine, quo sano ac 
vigente nullus aeger ineptius deliravit ; de ira 10, 3 qui profecto 
solus omnium caecus et excors fuit qui ea loqueretur quae nee 
aeger quisquam delirare nee dormiens posset somniare; see 
Brandt- Laubmann's index s. v. pr overbid ; cf. somnium, p. 328, 
Otto. 

dens i, p. 107. Sidon. Apoll. c. 4, 15 non ego mordaci fodiam 
modo dente Maronem ; compare Sen. d. 7, 20, 6 citius multo 
frangetis dentes quam imprimetis; Braulio ep. 11 (M. 80, 657 C) 



122 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

posse genuinum laesus infigere; Petr. Dam. ep. 5, 1, 142 (M. 144, 
339) Gregorium mordeant et in eum dentes amarissimi livoris 
infligant; cf. Hildebert. de quat. vir. (M. 171, 1060 D) dente sales 
careant; Petr. Cell. ep. 69 (M. 202, 515 A) sales tui sine dente 
sunt; Mart. Dum. form. hon. vit. 22, 8; note for a similar use of 
dens Ruric. ep. 2, 40, p. 425, 5 (Eng.) qualiter me et quam 
adsiduae dilectionis dente ruminetis. 

Deucalion. Lucan 1, 653 Deucalioneos fudisset Aquarius 
imbres. 

deus 1, p. 108. Baeda ep. 2 (M. 94, 662 D) sed quia huius- 
modi maxima et plurima sunt loca quae, ut volgo dici solet, neque 
Deo neque hominibus utilia sunt. 

deus 5, p. 109. Plaut. Pers. 100 O mi Iuppiter | terrestris; 
Poen. 1219 si sim Iuppiter, | iam hercle ego illam uxorem ducam ; 
CIL. IV 1928 (Carm. Epigr. 937, 2 B.) peream, sine te si deus 
esse velim ; compare Tibull. 2, 3, 32 fabula sit mavolt quam sine 
amore deus; lul. Val. 2, 33, p. 104, 24 (K.) nee si quid blandius 
fortuna promiserit, idcirco te coeli compotem arbitrare; Optat. 
Mil. 3, 3, p. 77, 13 (Z.) in quo si unus quisque hominum erravit, 
ipse prohibere debuerat, cum non prohibuit, deus sibi visus est ; 
p. 78, 16 quod extulit cor suum et deus sibi fuisse videbatur; 

Pythag. spr. 4 1 agios avOpamos 0(S>v dfbs &v eti; e'v avBpamois; compare 

Cic. de orat. 3, 14, 53 quem deum, ut ita dicam, inter homines 
putant. 

deus 9, p. no. Compare Petron. 134 malo astro natus est; 
Stat. silv. 3, 4, 63 o sidere dextro | edite. 

deus 11, p. in. Aero ad Hor. c. 3, 2, 31 tamquam raro poena 
deserat scelestum et quamvis tarde, tamen puniat; Eurip. frag. 

979, 3 (N.) f/ Aun; . . . &iya Kai fjpaSel jroSi | orcixovo-a pdp\jrct tovs kokovs, 
Stop tvxv ; see Koch, II, p. 5. 

dextera i, p. in. Steph. Torn. ep. 2, 101, 145 (M. 211, 392) 
in consiliis nostris oculus vigilans, in negotiis dextera manus. 

dextera 2. Incert. auct. epigr. 132 (PLM. 4, p. 120, 9 Baehr.) 
nullus ubique potest felici ludere dextra, has a proverbial sound. 

dextera 3 (compare Otto, dexttra 1). Paulin. Nol. ep. 1, 5, 
p. 4, 20 (H.) sit licet frater et amicus iunctior tibi dextera tua. 

dicere 2, p. 112. Plaut. True. 644 verbum sat est; Braulio 
ep. 21 (M. 80, 670 A) sapienti enim viro pauca dicta sufficiunt; 
Augustin. ep. 180, 2 satis existimo sapienti esse quod dixi ; Ful- 
bert. Carm. ep. 22 (M. 141, 210 B) sapienti pauca; Anselm. Cant. 

1 Schenkl, Wien. Stud. 8, 264. 



FURTHER COLLECTION OF LATIN PROVERBS. 1 23 

ep. 2, 13 (M. 158, 1 163 C) quia sapientiae vestrae pauca verba 
sufficere non ignoramus ; Wilhelm apud Thorn. Cant. ep. 357 (M. 
190, 690 C) sapienti sat dictum est; ep. 173 (646 D) satis, credo, 
dictum est sapienti ; Foliot ep. 40 (M. 190, 775 A) quia sapiens 
docetur paucis; Petr. Cell. ep. 1, 22 (M. 202, 425 B) satis dictum 
est sapienti. 

dicere 5, p. 112. Ps.-Cypr. c. 6, 56, p. 310, 56 (H., vol. Ill) 
dicto citius; Orient, com. 1, 265; Severus rhet. bucol. 49 (M. 19, 
799 A); Aldh. de sept, aenig. 14 D (M. 89, 198); Alcuin de 
pontif. 1 109 (M. 101, 834 D); Hrosuitha Mon. com. Callimach. 
(M. 137, 1008 B); Dud. Dec. de gest. Norm. due. epist. (M. 141, 
610 B); Gualb. ep. 310 (M. 146, 935 C) velocius dictis; compare 
Stat. Theb. 7, 27 dicto ocius; 4, 679 dicto prius 1 ; Hier. ep. 29, 1 
celerius dicto ; Eustath. opusc. 330, 60 Barrov rj \6yos? Note also 
the expression used more than once by Nicol. Clar. ep. 33 (M. 
196, 1623 D) ad nutum nutu citius. 

dicere 6, p. 112. Plaut. Pseud. 629 dum tu sternuas, | res erit 
soluta, with which compare Theokr. 29, 27 ^fin yrjpateoi nekofies 
irpXv aTroiTTio-ai ; Paulin. Nol. ep. 31, 11, p. 273, 11 (H.) nee mora: 
verbum factum; Ps.-Cypr. c. 2, 61, p. 292, 4 (H., vol. Ill) dicta 
et facta simul; Petr. Dam. ep. 6, 19, 207 (M. 144, 402) dictum 
factumque est; with Horace's 'dum loquimur' (c. 1, 11, 7) com- 
pare Ovid am. 1, 11, 15 dum loquor, hora fugit; ex Pont. 4, 3, 58 
dum loqueris, fieri tristia posse puta ; Hildebert. carm. misc. 1345 
(M. 171, 1419 B) et modo, dum loqueris, desinit esse tuum; 
Eustath. II. 724, 48 S/j.' tiros, an' tpyov'; see further Preuss, p. 37. 

dicere 6, n., p. 112. Add further Sen. d. 2, 10, 2; 5, 36, 3; 6, 
5, 2: 7, 20, 5; n, 18, 8; clem. 1, 3, 2; 1, 8, 1 ; ep. 34,4; 95, 45; 
Curt. 7, 1, 36 ; Tac. ann. 3, 65 ; Sidon. Apoll. ep. 7, 2, 4 ; 9, 9, 16 ; 
Symmach. ep. 1, 78, 1. 

dies 1, p. 112. Hor. c. 2, 5, 13 currit enim ferox | aetas; 3, 29, 
47 infectumque reddet | quod fugiens semel hora vexit; Octav. 
Aug. (PLM. 4, p. no, epigr. 122, 5 Baehr.) fugit hora, iocemur; 
CIL. 5, 6134 (Carm. Epigr. 1309, 1 B.) siste gradum, fugiat quam- 
vis brevis hora, viator ; Licent. ad Augustin. ep. 26, 3 (M. 33, 104) 
tempus enim, nisi me mortalia fallunt, labitur; Columban. c. 1, 24 
(M. 80, 285) tempus et hora volat; Alcuin ep. 43, 52 (M. ioo ( 
208 A) tempus huius vitae velociter currit, fugit et non revertitur. 

dies 2, p. 113. Alcuin ep. 115 (M. 100, 345 B) nee semper 

1 Woelfflin, ALL. 6, 463. 2 Kurtz, p. 313. 3 Kurtz, p. 309. 



124 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

nox, nee semper dies, . . . hodie tempestas imminet, sed eras 
serenitas arridet; ep. in (336 C) nox et dies vices suas peragunt 
. . . tempestas serenitatis tranquillitate mitigatur ; Menand. monost. 
751 (IV, p. 361, M.) x"^" M«™j3aXX«t fcdias tls fiSiav; Pind. Isth. 
6 (7), 38 tvdtap Snairirfp eV x tt l xS> '" } ^'> Pyth. 5, io ; Herond. 1, 44 (see 
Crusius, p. 14); compare Alan. Insul. lib. parab. (M. 210, 581 C) 
clarior est solito, post nubila plurima Phoebus. 

dies 6, p. 113. Sen. d. 6, 8, 1 dolorem dies longa consumit; 
Ovid a. a. 2, 647 multa vetustas | lenit ; ex Pont. 4, 11, 14 finitum- 
que tuum, si non ratione, dolorem | ipsa iam pridem suspicor esse 
mora, with which compare incert. auct. Agam. 131 quod ratio non 
quit, saepe sanavit mora; Hier. ep. 97, 2 rogo, quis est iste dolor 
qui nee tempore, nee ratione curatur ; Alcuin ep. 106 (M. 100, 321) 
saepe dolor tempore sanabitur, qui ratione non poterit ; Sen. d. 
6, 1, 6 illud ipsum naturale remedium temporis; Symmach. ep. 1, 
100, 1 ne fortunae vulnera, quae cicatricem processu temporis 
ducunt ; Publil. Syr. 422 nil non aut lenit aut domat diuturnitas ; 
Mantiss. 1, 100 Xvn-ip 8« n-ao-ijr yivtT larpbs xp° vos > see Leutsch's note. 

dies 7, p. 114. Ennod., p. 361, 16 (H.) diem putabant perisse, 
qui illos sine facinore . . . fugisset ; Ioh. Sar. Polycrat. 3, 14 (M. 
199, 510 D) cites the anecdote from Suetonius. 

dies 8, p. 114. Sen. rem. fort. 10, 1 pecora in diem vivunt; 
CIL. 1, 1010 (Carm. Epigr. 185 B.) vive in dies et horas, nam 
proprium est nihil. 

[dies 11. Plaut. Aulul. 380 festo die si quid prodegeris, pro- 
festo egere liceat, nisi peperceris ; Afran. 262 (R.) aeque profesto 
<ac festo> concelebras focum. This thought may have been 
the basis of some homely proverb.] 

dies 12. Venant. Fort. 4, 26, 131 quantum nocte dies distat, 
sol lampade lunae: Ioh. Sar. Polycrat. 3, 12 (M. 199, 500 D) 
quantum lux distat a tenebris. 

dies 13. The expression, dies me deficiet, became formulaic 
and quasi-proverbial. Gualbert. (M. 146, 895) non dies, ut aiunt, 
sed annus me deficeret; Ovid m. 15, 418 desinet ante dies; Verg. 
Aen. 1, 373; Cic. nat. deor. 3, 32, 81 ; Tusc. 5, 35, 102; Cael. 29; 
Sen. ben. 3, 12, 4; Apul. mag. 54, p. 516 (with Hildebrand's 
note) ; Hier. ep. 69, 7 ; compare Plaut. Trin. 885 si ante lucem ire 
occipias a meo primo nomine, | concubium sit noctis prius quam 
ad postremum veneris. 

dies 14. Sen. ep. 12, 8 itaque sic ordinandus est dies omnis, 
tamquam cogat agmen et consummet atque expleat vitam ; Hor. ep. 



FURTHER COLLECTION OF LATIN PROVERBS. 1 25 

1,4, i3omnemcredediemtibidiluxissesupremum. Thisthought 
was not infrequently quoted in mediaeval Latin. Othlo lib. prov. 
14 (see also d. 50, col. 133) in Migne 146, 323 A says: omnis dies 
velut ultimus tractandus est ; Ps.-Baeda lib. prov. (M. 90, 1 104) ; 
Alcuin ep. 182, 200 (M. 100, 453 B) omnis dies quasi ultimus 
habendus ; Herveus ad Thorn. Cant. ep. 365 (M. 190, 696 B) cites 
Hor. ep. 1, 4, 13. 

digitus 3, p. 115. Plaut. Poen. 1308 quid tibi hanc digito 
tactiost; Rud. 720 tange utramvis digitulo minumo modo; 
Phaedr. append. 15, 4 nee inveniret digito qui se tangeret ; Bochar. 
de rep. laps. 17 (M. 20, 1054) et ipse digito meo nolim contingere 
ea; Petr. Cell. ep. 118 (M. 202, 568 C) digito autem suo nee 
quaeque modica tangentes ; see S. Matth. 23, 4. 

digitus 4, p. 115. Ps.-Cypr. de rebapt. 19, p. 92, 13 (H.) ne 
qui putet nos unico articulo praesentem altercationem suscitare ; 
Alan. Insul. lib. parab. 3 (M. 210, 587 A) non bene firmus erat, 
digito qui solvitur uno | nodus. 

digitus 5, p. 115. Lactant. instit. 1, 20, 26 colunt enim ture 
ac summis digitis, contrasted with 'sensibus intimis'; Fronto ad 
Ver. 2, 1, p. 128, 18 (Nab.) loricas partim eorum digitis primoribus 
scinderet ; Hier. ep. 14, 5 non est tantum in eo servitus idoli si 
quis duobus digitulis thura in bustum arae iaciat ; Anthol. Pal. 15, 

13. 2 d hk ye Moitrr/s \ SaKTvXa aKporartp antyevaao. 

digitus 8, p. 116. Ovid a. a. 2, 629 ne desint, quas tu digitis 
ostendere possis; Apul. met. 3, 12 manibus denotatus; n, 16 
digitis hominum nutibusque notabilis ; Hier. ep. 27, 2 cunctorum 
digitis notor ; Ennod. vit. S. Epiph., p. 345, 24 (H.) fama quae 
absentem ilium notum fecerat, digito coepit ostendere; incert. 
auct. dial, de caus. corr. eloq. 7 quos ... hie populus transeuntes 
nomine vocat et digito demonstrat ; Mart. Dum. de form. hon. vit. 
6, 3 monstraberis digito; Hildebert. de quat. vir. (M. 171, 1063 
C) protenso digito plenus monstraberis astu ; Abaelard. ep. 1, 8 
(M. 178, 135 B) omnium digitis demonstrandus ; Steph. Torn, 
suppl. ep. 11 (M. 211, 550) ostendimur digito; serm. (573) sed 
quern Ioannes digito demonstrat; Lucian, Anach. 36, 917; for 
further Greek parallels see Koch, II, p. 25. 

digitus 12, p. 116. Compare Plutarch. Iul. Caes. 4 t^v komv 
. . . "8a> KaKchov tVi 8aKTi\<p Kvaptvov ; see further T. Echtmeyer, p. 38. 1 

1 Proben aus einer abhandlung fiber namen und symbolische bedeutung der 
finger bei Griech. und RSm., Halle, 1835. 



126 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

digitus 14, p. 117. Sen. suas. 2, 17 insistens summis digitis 
. . . exclamat, gaudeo, gaudeo. 

dignus, p. 117. Verg. Aen. 9, 595 digna atque indigna relatu ; 
append, prov. 1, 100 &ov\t, btaivoTav axove rat Sixmo kSSiko, or in the 

Other form Kptiaaovwv yap Ka\ dUaia kuSik cot okovuv, With which 

compare Plaut. Capt. 199 indigna digna habenda sunt erus quae 
fecit ; see also Preuss, p. 43. 

dignus 2, Sonny, ALL. 8, 486. Add Crusius, Herond., p. 148. 

dimidium, p. 117. Plaut. Mil. 916 bene lineatam si semel cari- 
nam conlocavit, | facile esse navem facere; dig. 1, 2, 1 et certe 
cuiusque rei potissima pars principium est ; Abbo Floriac. ep. 9 
(M. 139, 432 B), Petr. Bles. ep. 11 (M. 207, 33 C), and Alan, de 
Insul. lib. parab. (M. 210, 590 C) cite Hon ep. 1, 2, 20; compare 
also Ovid rem. am. 120 difficiles aditus impetus omnis habet ; Sen. 
rem. fort. 10, 9 difficiles habet aditus primos; cetera prona, 
iucunda, facilia (compare Hor. sat. 1, 9, 55) ; Plat. resp. 377 A ; 
see Griinwald, p. 9. 

dimidius, p. 118. Ovid fast. 5, 718 dimidium toto munere 
maius erit. 

discere 2, p. 118. Petr. Dam. ep. 2, 1, 51 (M. 144, 254) saepe 
namque melius ipsi discimus, dum docemus. 

discere 3, p. 118. Sen. d. 10, 7, 4 vivere tota vita discendum 
est; Augustin. ep. 166, 1 (M. 33, 720) sed ad discendum quod 
opus est nulla mihi aetas sera videri potest ; Alcuin ep. 84 (M. 
100, 277 C) nulla aetas, ut ait comicus, sera debet esse ad sapien- 
tiam discendam ; Zenob. 3, 4 yrjpaa-Ka 8' ale\ n-oXAa Si8a<TK6p.evos (Solon). 

discere 5. Cassiod. var. 7, 23, 1 in parvis enim discitur cui 
potiora praestentur ; 7, 29, 2 ut in parvis agnoscere possimus cui 
maiora credere debeamus; cf. Ovid a. a. 3, 525 quis vetat a 
magnis ad res exempla minores | sumere? 

docere i, p. 119. Phaedr. 5, 9, 5 qui doctiorem emendat, sibi 
dici putet; Sen. ep. 94, 11 quid ista praecepta proficiunt, quae 
eruditum docent? Novatian. de cib. Iud. (ALL. 11, p. 226, 19) 
instruam iam eruditos; Petr. Dam. ep. 2, 11 (M. 144, 276) et hoc 
sit meum pungere, doctiorem velle docere ; see Koch, II, p. 25. 

domesticus, Sonny, ALL. 8, 487. Paulin. Nol. ep. 47, 9, p. 
397, 26 (H.) domesticis utamur exemplis ; Ioh. Sar. metal. 3, 10 
(M. 199, 911 D) domestica namque exempla magis movent. 

DOMINUS I, p. 119. Compare Diogen. 5, 93 at Kvvts rfjv SeoTroivap 
pifioifienat ; Plat. resp. 563 C ai Kvves . . . olainep ai itmrottnu. 

dominus 2. Sen. ep. 5, 6 qui domum intraverit, nos potius 



FURTHER COLLECTION OF LATIN PROVERBS. \2J 

miretur quam suppellectilem nostram ; Ps.-Sen. de mor. 121 
(Haase, III 466) sic habita ut potius laudetur dominus quam 
domus ; sent. Varr. 53 (Riese) ilium elige eruditorem, quern magis 
mireris in suis quam in alienis ; Martin. Dum. form. hon. vit. 4, 5, 
p. 7, 1 (Weid.) si continentiae studes, habita non amoene sed 
salubriter nee dominum notum velis a domo sed domum a 
domino 1 ; Alan, de Insul. lib. parab. (M. 210, 583 B) non domus, 
at dominus laudetur, si bonus is sit. 

domus 3, p. 120. Sen. ep. 72, 4 domestica illi felicitas . . . ibi 
nascitur; Iuven. 11, 118 domi natas . . . mensas ; see Heraeus 
Petron., p. 11, N. 1; note also Petron. 44 domi gaudere; corp. 
gloss. 4, 86, 49 hilarens, apud se gaudens ; Heraeus, p. 31. 

domus 6. Apul. met. 7, 16 scilicet ut, quod aiunt, domi foris- 
que fortibus factis adoriae plenae gloriarer ; see Hildebrand's note. 

domus 7. Iul. Cap., Anton. Pius 11, 8 cum in domum alienam 
veneris, et mutus et surdus esto, sounds proverbial. 

donum, p. 120. Verg. Aen. 2, 49 is cited by Thorn. Cant. ep. 
24 (M. 190, 473 D), with the remark, 'sed proverbium est'; also 
by Ivo Carnot. ep. 128 (M. 162, 139 A); for Greek parallels 
compare Eustath. opusc. 317, 86 2 ; Greg. Cypr. Leid. 2, 15 
(with Leutsch's note) ; append, prov. 2, 94 ; see further Koch, II, 
p. 12. 

dormire i, p. 121. Apul. met. 3, 22 vigilans somniabar; cf. 
Plaut. Cist. 291 utrum deliras, quaeso, an astans somnias? 

DOS, p. 121. Compare Ovid a. a. 3, 258 est illis sua dos, forma 
sine arte potens. 

DUO I, p. 122. Rufin. Anth. Pal. 5, 93, 4 ti \u,vas irpbs Si' eya 

Siva/jim; Eustath. II. 583, 4 3 ; see further Griinwald, p. 7. 

duo 2, p. 122. Ovid a. a. 3, 358 unus cum gemino calculus 
hoste perit; compare her. 7, 138 poenaque conexos auferet una 
duos ; 19 (20), 234 quid dubitas unam ferre duobus opem? 

duo 3, p. 122. Compare Ovid rem. am. 449 qui sibi iam 
pridem solacia bina paravit, | iam pridem summa victor in arce 
fuit ; ex Pont. 3, 2, 6 tu lacerae remanes ancora sola rati ; Sen. 
epigr. 15, 1 (PLM. 4, p. 60 B.) Crispe, meae vires lapsarumque 
ancora rerum ; Ps.-Publil. Syr. 42 (F.) bonum est duabus fundari 
navem ancoris. 

duo 3, n., p. 122. Hier. ep. 76, 1 funiculus triplex non facile 

1 Woelfflin, Philol. 9, 683, No. 35. 
5 Kurtz, p. 312. 
3 Kurtz, p. 318. 



128 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

rumpitur ; Rath. Ver. phren. 17 (M. 136, 386 B) ; Othlo lib. prov. 
19 (M. 146, 333 C); Bernard. Clar. (M. 183, 491 D); Ioh. Sar. 
Polycrat. 5, 3 (M. 199, 543 D) funiculus triplex . . . qui facile solvi 
non potest; Petr. Cell. ep. 1, 31 (M. 202, 439 D) hie triplici filo 
contorquendus est dilectionis funiculus ne facile rumpatur ; ep. 1 , 37 
(450 A) a laqueo sic contorto triplici funiculo, cave tibi ; ep. 2, 148 
(592 B). Cf. Eccl. 4, 12. 

edere, p. 123. Caecil. Balb. 60 edas ut vivas; ut edas, noli 
vivere ; Walter Burley de vit. et mor. phil. et poet. 62 edas, bibas 
ut bene vivas, non vivas ut tantum edas et bibas 1 ; Petr. Bles. ep. 
85 (M. 207, 261 A) Socrates dicebat, quosdam vivere ut come- 
derent et biberent, se autem comedere et bibere, ut naturae satis- 
faceret et excursum vitae . . . sustentaret. Compare Iuv. 11, 11 
et quibus in solo vivendi causa palato est. 

Endymion 2, of a beautiful boy. Iuv. io, 318, sed tuus 
Endymion . . . net adulter; Apul. met. 1, 12, hie est, soror 
Panthia, carus Endymion. 

equus 6, p. 126. Add Flor. 1, 13 (18), 6; see further Preuss, 
pp. 70 and 91. 

error. Othlo lib. prov. 5 (M. 146, 310 A) error erit nimius 
cum praetores simul errant. The proverb may go back to classic 
times. 

error 2. Veget. 1, 13 deinde in aliis rebus, sicut ait Cato, si 
quid erratum est, potest postmodum corrigi ; proeliorum delicta 
emendationem non recipiunt. This is the latinized form of the 

Greek proverb, ApOSt. 2, 64 d/iapTfiv ovk mni bh iv ToKcfug. 

Eurybatus, p. 126. For Greek references see Wiesenthal, 
p. 56. 

expertus i, p. 127. Avit. Vienn. ep. 3, p. 127, 9 (Chev.) 
experto credite; Hier. ep; 22, 8 si experto creditur; ep. 52, 8; 
Ioh. Sar. ep. 228 (M. 199, 256 C) ; Polycrat. prol. 1 (386 A) ; 
Polycrat. 5, 10 (564 A) ; 8, 23 (814 C) ; Petr. Cell. ep. 102 (M. 202, 
553 D) experto credendum est. 

expertus 2, p. 127. Gualbert. act. 216 (M. 146, 894 D) exper- 
tus loquor; Ioh. Sar. ep. 186 (M. 199, 196 D) expertus hoc 
loquor; ep. 236 (266 C) expertus experto loquor; append. 

anthol. Pal. 2, 4 2 4> 4 O™ ^<y<» <r»i raid' airavra rtapaa-as. 

extra. Sen. d. 2, 1, 1 qui adeo extra omnem teli iactum sur- 
rexit, ut supra fortunam emineat; rem. fort. 13, 2 nemo extra 

1 Haupt, Philol. 3, 378. 



FURTHER COLLECTION OF LATIN PROVERBS. 1 29 

ictum vulneris positus est ; compare Zenob. 3, 89 ?£« /ScXSv Ka6rjo6m ; 
Eustath. II. 972, 8 1 ; Woelfflin, 2 p. 210. 

faba 3, p. 128. Ioh. Sar. ep. 299 (M. 199, 348 A) et in surdos, 
ut veteri proverbio did solet, faba cudatur. 

facere 2, p. 129. Hor. c. 3, 29,44 non tamen irritum, | quod- 
cumque retrost, efficiet neque | diffinget infectumque reddet | 
quod fugiens semel hora vexit; cf. Stat. silv. 4 praef. primum 
supervacuum est dissuadere rem factam. 

facere 4. See Preuss, 1. c, p. no. 

facies 1, p. 130. Hier. ep. 52, 5 illi verbositas, attrita frons; 
ep. 52, 8 ; Petr. Bles. ep. 119 (M. 207, 350 D) attritae frontis homo 
et verecundiae prodigus; Steph. Torn. ep. 2, 147, 221 (M. 211, 
435) confidentiam assumpsimus . . . et attrita, ut aiunt, fronte. 

fama, p. 131. Plaut. frag. inc. fab. 7 (21) (G.-S.) nullam ego 
rem citiorem apud homines quam famam reor. 

fari 1, p. 132. Liv. 10, 41, 3 fando nefandoque sanguine; 
see Preuss, p. 43, Jungblut Rhein. Mus. 38, 405. 

fari 2. Plaut. Pers. 174 quom interim tu meum ingenium fans 
atque infans nondum etiam edidicisti. 

farina, p. 132. Cassius Parmensis ap. Suet. Aug. 4 materna 
tibi farinast, 'You are of your mother's kidney,' with a play on the 
word. The use of nota cited in this connection by Otto occurs 
very often in Seneca; n. q. 2, 21, 4 eiusdem notae ac naturae; 
ep. 15, 3, pessimae notae mancipia; 24, 23 ; 42, 1 ; 52, 3; no, 1 ; 
d- 2 ) 3> 3. etc ; Ovid am. 2, 5, 54 ex hac nota ; compare also Sen. 
ben. 3, 35, 1 quaedam ex nostra, ut ita dicam, moneta proferri ; 
Symmach. ep. 3, n, 2 spectator tibi veteris monetae solus super- 
sum ; append, prov. 2, 47 U rijs avTtjs tyiaBov yeyovas (compare 
LUTUM 4, Otto) ; see also Crusius, Herond. p. 30, n. 2. 

fas, p. 132 (see also Weyman ALL. 8, 28). Ovid a. a. 1, 739 an 
moneam mixtum fas omne nefasque? met. 6, 585 sed fasque 
nefasque | confusura ruit ; met. 9, 551 Sen. d. 4, 9, 2 ad fas nefas- 
que miscendum coorti sunt; Prudent, cath. 3, 134 fasque nefasque 
simul glomerans. 

fauces 2, p. 133. Licin. Crass, apud Cic. de orat. 1, 52, 225 
eripite nos ex miseriis, eripite ex faucibus eorum quorum crude- 
litas . . . non potest expleri ; Claudian. 26, 449 totaque Tartareis e 
faucibus oppida traxit ; Coripp. Ioh. 3, 281 ; 6, 12; Boeth. consol. 
phil. 1, 4, 43 (Peiper) Paulinum consularem virum . . . ab ipsis 

'Kurtz, p. 312. 

'Sitzungsb. Munch. Akad. phil.-hist. class. I, 1888. 



130 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

hiantium faucibus traxi; Steph. Torn. ep. 2, 165, 255 (M. 211, 
454) de mortis faucibus ereptum ; compare Sen. d. 6, 22, 6 quod 
e faucibus avidissimorum luporum educeretur praeda. 

FAX. Sulpic. Sev. chron. 2, 46, 9, p. 100, 10 (H.) facem quan- 
dam nascenti incendio subdidit ; compare oleum 2, Otto. 

FEMINA. Verg. Aen. 1, 364 dux femina facti, is perhaps an 
echo of the Greek proverb ywi] arpaTtiyti : eVt t£» Seikav, Diogen. 4, 1. 

fera. Ovid trist. 5, 8, 6 mala . . . | nostra, quibus possint 
inlacrimare ferae; compare Verg. eel. 5, 27 and Otto, lapis i. 

fermentum i, p. 1 33. Compare Plaut. Most. 699 tota turget 
mihi uxor, scio, domi ; Apul. met. 10, 24 . . . quodque frustra paeli- 
catus indignatione bulliret. 

ferre 1, p. 134. Ps.-Sen. ep. ad Paul. 12 feramus aequo 
animo et utamur foro, quod sors concessit. 

ferre 2, p. 134. Plaut. Rud. 402 ergo animus aequos opti- 
mutnst aerumnae condimentum ; Publil. Syr. 96 cuivis dolori 
remedium est patientia; cf. Propert. 2, 5, 16; Hor. c. 1, 24, 19 is 
cited by Adalberon ep. 10 (M. 137, 509 A) and by Foliot ep. 79 
(M. 190, 798 D). 

ferrum 1, p. 134. Ovid ex Pont. 4, 12, 31 duro tibi pectora 
ferro | esse clausa . . . putem ; her. 20(21), 229 durius et ferro cum 
sit tibi pectus ; as an epithet used with cor, Ovid her. 12, 183 prae- 
cordia ferrea; Claudian. 26, 303 nee ferro sic corda rigent; 
Augustin. ep. 26, 4 (M. 33, 106); Aldh. carm. (M. 89, 282 C); 
Steph. Torn. ep. 3, 262, 379 (M. 211, 524) ; with mens, Othlo lib. 
prov. 6 (M. 146, 310 D) ferreas mentes; (311 D) ferrea mens; 
Hildebert. carm. misc. 1353 (M. 171, 1428 B) mens tua . . . ferrea; 
Licin. Crass, ap. Suet. Ner. 2 cui os ferreum, cf. Ioh. Sar. Polycrat. 
3, 14 (M. 199, 510 C) ; Aldh. de sept, aenig. 14 (M. 89, 199 A) 
durior . . . ferro. The simple adjective, ferreus, in this meta- 
phorical sense occurs very frequently in Ovid, met. 13, 515; 
14, 721 ; Cic. Phil. 8, 25 ferrei sumus ; 12, 19 ; Cael. 37 ; in Pis. 
63 1 ; Propert. 2, 8, 12 ; Tibull. 1, 2, 67 ; 2, 3, 2 ; Mart, n, 27, 1 ; 
Fronto, p. 236, 15 (Nab.); Augustin. ep. 101, 1 (M. 33, 368); 
Bonif. Mogunt. ep. 63 (M. 89, 766 B) ferrei pectoris; Eustath. Od. 
1940, 56 dvaiaxwTos kcu aifypovs ZvBpairos 2 ; see Blaydes on Aristoph. 
Acharn. 491 and A. Zingerle, p. 43, s for further examples. 

1 See Straub, p. 47, de tropis et figuris quae inveniuntur in orationibus 
Demosthenis et Ciceronis. 

2 Kurtz, p. 309. 

s Ovid und sein verhaltniss zu den vorgangern, Innsbruck, 1869. 



FURTHER COLLECTION OF LATIN PROVERBS. 131 

ferrum 4. Liv. i, 59, i ferro, igni, quacumque dehinc vi 
possim ; 2, 10, 4 ferro, igni, quacumque vi possint ; Preuss, 1. c, 
P- 35> considers these expressions proverbial. 

ferula, p. 135. Braulio ep. n (M. 80, 657 C) quia et nos 
iuxta Flaccum didicimus litterulas, et saepe manum ferulae sub- 
traximus; compare Paulin. Aquil. apol. pro carm. (M. 99, 471) 
videris ob id forte meretriculam indignari Carmentem manumque 
ad ferulam mittere; Phil. Harv. ep. 13 (M. 203, 98 B) sub magis- 
tral! ferula teneremur. 

FICTUS, p. 135. Lactant. inst. 6, 20, 7 picta et ficta et gemmis 
distincta. 

FiLius. Sid. Apoll. ep. 7, 14, 7 unde illud simile vulgatum est, 
quod ait quidam in causa dispari, sententia pari : filium Marci 
Ciceronis populus Romanus non agnoscebat loquentem. 

filix, p. 136. The passage from Horace is cited by Alan, de 
Insul. lib. parab. 5 (M. 210, 592 A). 

FILUM, p. 136. Coripp. Ioh. 3, 338 cur, Lachesis, hominum 
tenui pendentia filo | fata tenes? Hildebert. carm. misc. 1349 
(M. 171, 1424 B) cites Ovid ex Pont. 4, 3, 35. 

flamma 1, p. 137. To Woelfflin's collection in the Sitzungsb. 
d. Munch. Akad. phil.-hist., 1881, II, p. 55 and 57, and ALL. 3, 
446, add Ovid met. 12, 551; 15, 441; Sidon. Apoll. c. 7, 249; 
Leo Magn. serm. 18, 56 (M. 54, 183 B) ; incert. Sax. poet, annal. 
gest. Car. Magn. 2 (M. 99, 703 B) ; compare Auson. eel. 25, 2 
(Peiper) ferro et face. 

flere. Ennod. vit. Epiph., p. 382, 23 (H.) numquam ad 
flentem flens bene veniat consolator; Hier. ep. 39, 2 (M. 22, 466) 
non est optimus consolator quem proprii vincunt gemitus ; Braulio 
ep. 30 (M. 80, 677 A) ; cf. Piaut. Epid. in nil agit qui diffidentem 
verbis solatur suis. 

fluctus, p. 138. Plaut. Mil. 513 dedecoris pleniorem erum 
faciam tuom, | quam magno vento plenumst undarum mare ; 
Ovid trist. 5, 2, 28 quae si comprendere coner, | Icariae numerum 
dicere coner aquae; Coripp. Ioh. 6, 201 numeres aut aequoris 
undas; Claudian. c. 18, 32 si pelagi fluctus, Libyae si discis 
harenas, | Eutropii numerabis eros ; Apoll. Rhod. 4, 214; cf. Stat, 
silv. 3, 3, 97 hibernas citius numeraveris imbres | silvarumque 
comas. 

flumen 1, p. 138. Sidon. Apoll. ep. 1, 5, 6 in medio undarum 
sitiebamus. 

flumen 2, p. 139. Hor. ep. 1, 2, 42 is cited by Ioh. Sar. 



132 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

ep. 263 (M. 199, 305 D). The meaning of the proverb seems to 
be most closely connected with Apost. 1, 90 'Anto-o-aiov atKr\vi\ or 

flumen 3, p. 139. Ovid trist. 5, 11, 27 sed ut in mare flumina 
vastum, I sic solet exiguae currere rivus aquae; Stat. silv. 1, 4, 37 
et in oceanum rivi cecidere minores ; Alan, de Insul. lib. parab. 3 
(M. 210, 586 A) ad vada Neptuni fontes et flumina currunt. 

flumen 5, p. 139. Ovid met. 13, 324 ante retro Simois fluet; 
Sil. Ital. 5, 253 Thrasymennus in altos | ascendet citius colles; 
Claud, c. 18, 353 prona petunt retro fluvii iuga; in Rufin. 1, 159; 
Greg. Cypr. Mosq. 1, 28 with Leutsch's note; Eustath. II. 1067, 
27 2 ; J. Koch, p. 26. 

flumen 7, p. 139. Ovid ex Pont. 3, 7, 8 ne totiens contra, 
quam rapit amnis, earn ; Ioh. Sar. ep. 179 (M. 199, 176 B) nee 
hoc dixerim quod eum velim aut suadeam dirigere bracchia contra 
torrentem (= Iuven. 4, 89); Mantiss. i, 15 ava povv x tt >P*~"' (see 
Leutsch's note) ; for the opposite idea, compare Diogen. 5, 82 

KOTO pOVV (p(p€TCtl '. €7Tl T&V tVTlXoOVVTtOV . 

flumen 9, as a type of speed ; Sedat. ep. ad Ruric. 8, p. 450, 
14 (Eng.) celeritate ventos et flumina praecursum ; Verg. Aen. 
1, 317 Harpalyce volucremque fuga praevertitur Hebrum (Eurum, 
Ribb.); Serv. ad loc, unde et flumina dicitur celeritate transisse; 
Sil. Ital. 3, 307 cui sonipes cursu, cui cesserit incitus amnis, | tanta 
fuga est; 2, 73 Threiciae | . . . cursuque fatigant | Hebrum 
innupta manus, which is an evident imitation of the Vergilian 
passage. 

folium 1, p. 140. Diomed. ars. gram. 2, p. 461, 23 (K.) cites 
the expression, leviorque foliis, as an example of hyperbole. 

folium 4. Ovid met. 11, 615 quot . . . | silva gerit frondes ; 
Stat. silv. 3, 3, 97 citius numeraveris imbres | silvarumque comas. 

fons 1, p. 140. Hier. praef. de spir. sane. (M. 23, 104 A) et 
contemnet rivulos, cum coeperit haurire de fontibus; Maxim. 
Taur. homil. 84 (M. 57, 441 B) quis enim contentus est potare de 
rivulo, cum possit haurire de fontibus? Abaelard. ep. 10 (M. 
I 7%> 336 B) de ipso fonte Matthaeus, de rivulo fontis Lucas est 
potatus ; Hildebert. carm. misc. 1348 (M. 171, 1422 D) cites Ovid 
ex Pont. 3, 5, 18. 

forma i, p. 141. See Kaibel, Hermes 17, 419. 

[forma 3. Tibull. i,8, 24 forma nihil magicis utitur auxiliis, 

1 Wiesenthal, p. 20. 2 Kurtz, p. 309. 



FURTHER COLLECTION OF LATIN PROVERBS. 1 33 

Propert. 1, 2, 8 nudus amor formae non amat artificem ; compare 
2, 18, 25 ut natura dedil, sic omnis recta figurast; Ovid. rem. 
am. 350 forma sine arte decens ; compare our English proverb 
' Beauty unadorned.'] 

formica 1, p. 141. Sid. Apoll. ep. 7, 14, 5 an industriam? 
cui pro suo modulo comparari nee formica formidat. 

Fortuna 1, p. 141. Ovid ex Pont. 4, 8, 16 praeter fortunam, 
quae mihi caeca fuit; Adalberon ep. 10 (M. 137, 508 D) caeca 
fortuna ; Ioh. Sar. Polycrat. 3, 8 (M. 199, 490 B) cites the words 
noli fortunam, quae non est, dicere caecam ; enthet. in Polycrat. 
(381 C) referring to Fortuna he says, ' dea caeca.' 

Fortuna 2, p. 142. Aper ap. Tac. dial. 23, 1 nolo, inridere 
rotam Fortunae 1 ; Sidon. Apoll. ep. 8, n, 4 quo rerum volu- 
bilitatis humanae rota ducitur; c. 2, 348 fregit in illo | imperii 
fortuna rotas ; Claud, ad lunam (PLM. Ill, p. 164, 16 Baehr.) ut 
volvat fortuna rotam; Ven. Hildebert. carm. misc. 1349 (M. 171, 
1423 D) tempus, amor, fortuna rotam comitatur euntem ; Petr. 
Cell, ad Thorn. Cant. ep. 335 (M. 190, 678 A) irridet fortunam 
cum inversione rotae suae ; Ioh. Sar. enthet. 255 (M. 199, 970 C) 
rota fortunae; compare Iul. Val. 2, 38, p. 109, 8 (K.) in ilia 
versura Fortunae. 

Fortuna 5, p. 142. Curt. 4, 5, 2 numquam diu eodem vestigio 
stare Fortunam ; 4, 14, 21 iactamur invicem varietate fortunae ; 
compare Sen. ep. 98, 8 oblitus huius petauri quo humana iactan- 
tur; Ovid trist. 3, 11, 67 humanaeque memor sortis, quae tollit 
eosdem | et premit; Iul. Val. 1, n, p. 21, 23 (K.) non enim vides, 
ut stare fortuna hominum nesciat ; 2, 28, p. 98, 8 (K.) ; Sen. ep. 
44, 4; Ioh. Sar. ep. 285 (M. 199, 321 B) alternat fortuna rerum 
vices ; enthet. in Polycrat. (381 C) quod fortuna dedit, et quod 
dabit, est alienum, | auferet hoc totum, cum volet ilia, tibi. 

Fortuna 9, p. 144. Coripp. Ioh. 1, 561 nam timidos fortuna 
premet, cautosque iuvabit | audacesque simul; 7, 57; incert. poet, 
annal. de gest. Car. Magn. II (M. 99, 698 A) virtutem, sicut solet, 
est fortuna secuta; Ioh. Sar. Polycrat. 7, 18 (M. 199, 684 D) 
audentes fortuna iuvat; Alan, de Insul. parab. 5 (M. 210, 590 D) 
audaces fortuna iuvat ; for citations from Greek tragic poets, see 
H. Koch II, p. 5. 

Fortuna 13, p. 145. See H. Koch II, p. 5, for Greek citations. 

Fortunatus. The Isles of the Blest appear to have formed 

1 See Gudeman's note. 



134 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

the basis of proverbial expressions ; Plaut. Trin. 549 sicut fortuna- 
torum memorant insulas; compare Asin. 33 apud fustitudinas, 
ferricrepinas insulas; Cassiod. var. 12, 15, 7 alii dicant insulas, 
ego habitationes tuas appellem potius Fortunatas; Eumen. 
panegyr. Constant. 7 (M. 8, 627 B) nee Thulen ultimam, nee 
ipsas, si quae sunt, Fortunatorum insulas dignabatur acquirere ; 
Macar. 5, 81 pandpav vtjooi; Zenob. 3, 86, Cic. ad Att. 12, 3, 1, 
par. 1, 78, Plato symp. 179 E, 180 B, Hesiod epy. ko\ ij/t. 170; see 
A. Dieterich, Nekyia, Leipzig, 1893, p. 22, n. 2. 

forum 1, p. 145. Cf. Ps.-Sen. ep. ad Paul. 12 feramus aequo 
animo et utamur foro, quod sors concessit. 

fovea, p. 146. Prudent, apoth. praef. 13 scrobis latentis 
pronus in foveam ruet ; Gelas. I adv. Pelag. haer. p. 412, 18 
(Giinther) foveas hostilis persuasionis incurrit. 

fraus. Ovid a. a. 3, 491 iudice me fraus est concessa repellere 
fraudem ; compare Publil. Syr. 582 remedium fraudem est contra 
vulpem quaerere; Zenob. 1, 70 dXanreicigeiv npbs irepav dAameica; see 
Leutsch-Schneidewin's note. 

FRONS 2, p. 147. Ovid a. a. 3, 553 nee prima fronte rapaces | 
este ; Cassiod. var. 7, 18, 1 errores . . . possumus prima fronte 
deprehendere ; Ennod. ep. 5, 26, p. 146, 8 (H.) non urunt 
memoriam prima fronte negata beneficia ; Phaedr. 4, 2, 6 decipit | 
frons prima multos; Maxim. Taur. hom. 109 (M. 57, 507 B) 
granum sinapis prima fronte specie sui est parvum ; loan. Pict. 
ad Thorn. Cant. ep. 467 (M. 190, 1034 B) ; Herv. ad Thorn. Cant, 
ep. 366 (697 C) prima facie ; Ioh. Sar. Polycrat. 7, prol. (M. 199, 
637 A) ; Arnulf. Lexov. ep. 34 (M. 201, 62 D) ; Steph. Torn. ep. 
200, (M. 211, 482 A) and ep. 224 (496 C) ; cf. Sen. d. 2, 3, 2 prima 
specie pulchrum ; Curt. 9, 8, 20. These citations seem to indicate 
that the modern expression prima facie soon crowds out the late 
Latin prima fronte \ compare the similar tendency in toto peciore 
and toto corde. 

fulmen 1, p. 148. Maecen. ap. Sen. ep. 19, 9 ipsa enim altitudo 
attonat summa ; Macrob. sat. 7, 8, 6 vento nimio abies aut quercus 
avellitur, cannam nulla facile frangit procella; Dracont. 5, 312 
gramina non tangunt, feriunt sed fulmina quercus ; Alan, de 
Insul. lib. parab. (M. 210, 584 A) impetus et venti, tonitrus et 
fulmina turres | flatibus evertunt ; praef. Anticlaud. (485) cum 
fulminis impetus vires suas expendere dedignetur in virgula, verum 
audaces provectarum arborum expugnet casus ; schol. ad Lucan. 
I, 81 and Abaelard. ep. 1, 9 (M.178, 148 C) cite Hor. c. 2, 1 o,.i 1 



FURTHER COLLECTION OF LATIN PROVERBS. 1 35 

fulmen 2, p. 148. Ovid rem. am. 369 is cited by Abaelard. 
ep. 1 (M. 178, 120 B); incert. auct. vit. myst. (M. 184, 668 D) ; 
Petr. Bles. ep. 80 (M. 207, 249 A). 

fulmen 3, Szel., p. 5. Sidon. Apoll. c. 23, 342 effundit celeres 
in arva currus ; | non sic fulminis impetus trisulci | umquam sic . . . 
poli meatus | rupit ; Ovid. am. 3, 4, 14 equum . . . | fulminis ire 
modo ; Apul. met. 8, 4 impetu saevo frementis oris . . . totus 
fulmineus ; Nazar. pan. Constant. 7 fulmineus miles ; Petr. Dam. 
ep. 6, 23 (M. 144, 412 C) in medios hostium cuneos, velut emissus 
caelitus fulgor, irrumpe ; 8, 1, (463 D) fulmineus in hostes irruere ; 
see further the citations given by Woelfflin, ALL. 6, 456 (Plin. 
n. h. 2, 142; Verg. Aen. 5, 319; Lucan 5, 405; Stat. 11, 483; 
Auson. epist. 25 (21) v. 5; Claud. Eutrop. 2. 271 ocior sidere.) 

fulmentum, p. 148. See Crusius, Herond., p. 33. 

fumus 1, n., p. 149. With Pers. 5, 20 cf. Fronto, p. 211, 2 
(Nab.) nihil serium potuisse fieri de fumo et pulvere ; p. 228, 3 
(Nab.) cum ilia olim nugalia conscribsi, laudem fumi et pulveris ; 

cf. Eustath. II. 757» 3 1 raXX' e'yu> Kaitvov o-Kia; oiK &v npiai/ir)v ' ; Soph. 

Antig. 1 170. 

fumus 3. Augustin. ep. 56, 2 (M. 33, 223) huius fumi vel 
vaporis temporalis, quae vita humana dicitur; Braulio ep. 34 
(M. 80, 679 C) vita ista fugitiva et fumea ; Petr. Dam. ep. 1, 20 
(M. 144, 247 B) fumea vita volat ; cf. Ioh. Sar. metal. 4, 35 (M. 
x 99> 938 B) sed, ut fumus, evanescant; Hier. ep. 100, 1 instar 
fumi resolvuntur in nihilum. 

fundus 2, p. 149. Macrob. sat. 7, 12, 13, citing Hesiod, cum 
ad medium dolii perventum est, compercendum ; Sen. ep. 1, 5 is 
cited by Foliot ep. 130 (M. 190, 838 D) and by Petr. Bles. ep. 
14 (M. 207, 45 A). 

furca, p. 151. Hor. ep. 1, 10, 24 is cited by Ioh. Sar. Polycrat. 
3, 8 (M. 199, 489 C). 

furere i, p. 151. Boeth. p. 187, 30 (Peiper) contr. Eutych. et 
Nest, ne iure viderer insanus, si sanus inter furiosos haberi con- 
tenderem. 

[Gabii. Gabii and Fidenae are often mentioned as types of 
small and old-fashioned places ; Hor. ep. 2, 1, 25 vel Gabiis vel 
cum rigidis aequata Sabinis ; Iuven. 6, 57 vivat Gabiis, ut vixit in 
agro, I vivat Fidenis; Hor. ep. 1, n, 7 Gabiis desertior atque | 
Fidenis vicus ; the places are also mentioned together by Iuven. 
io, 100 Fidenarum Gabiorumque . . . potestas]. 

'Kurtz, p. 319. 



I36 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

Gades, as one of the ends of the earth ; Hor. c. 2, 2, 1 1 Libyam 
remotis | Gadibus iungas ; c. 2, 6, 1 Septimi, Gadis adituremecum; 
Iuven. 10, 1 omnibus in terris, quae sunt a Gadibus usque | 
Auroram etGangem; Sen. n. q. 1 prol. 13 ab ultimis litoribus 
Hispaniae usque ad Indos ; Sil. Ital. 1,141 hominum finem Gades ; 
Claudian. 8, 43 quantum distant a Tigride Gades; 3, 293 sed 
Latia quicquid dicione subactum | vivit, et a primis Ganges hor- 
rebat Hiberis ; Stephan. Torn. ep. 22, (M. 211, 326 A) haec . . . 
Gades Oceano . . . commercio foederavit; Anacreontea 13, 25 

(Bergk) Ka\ tovs ra&tlpav e (ctos, | rav BaKTpiav t« kIv8S>v . . . ipwras ', 

Apost. 16, 19 ra yap TaSetpav oi ntpara and Leutsch's note; Anthol. 

Pal. II, 20I, 2 (KToBtv &v OTtjX&y 'HpaKkcovs (<pvyov) II, 209, I; 

append, i, 120, 2. In like manner note the use of Tanais in 
Propert. 2, 30, 2 tu licet usque | ad Tanain fugias, usque sequetur 
amor ; Hor. c. 3, 10, 1 extremum Tanain si biberes, Lyce ; Clau- 
dian. c. 8, 44. 

GALLINA I, p. 152. Eustath. Od. I485, 30 yd\a opviOav ; See 

Kurtz, p. 310, for Greek citations. 

Gallus 2. Sulpic. Sev. speaks several times of the gluttony 
of the Gauls; d. 1, 13, 4 etiam ad Gallorum pulmenta sufficiat; 
d. I, 20, 4 ; 2, 8, 2 cum edacitatis argueris, Galli sumus ; compare 
the remarks of Ammian. Marcell. 15, 12, 4 on their intemperance 
in the use of wine. 

gallus i, p. 152. Compare append, prov. 3, 53 Kvav iv 
npoffipa: cm tS>v iv tois SikuiW Tohp.r)pa>v ; see Leutsch-Schneidewin's 
note. 

Gargara. Ovid a. a. 1, 57 Gargara quot seges; Verg. georg. 
1, 103 ipsa suas mirantur Gargara messes; cf. Africa 2, p. 8, 
Otto. 

gemma. Mart. 1, 109, 4 carior Indicis lapillis ; Sp. Ven. Fort, 
in laud. Mar. 349 pulchra super gemmas ; Augustin. serm. 37, 3 
(M. 38, 223 A); Poet. Carol. II, p. 77; Alcuin ep. 175 (M. ioo, 
445) ; Cassiod. (M. 70, 1038 A) pretiosiores omnibus margaritis ; 
Ioh. Sar. ep. 234 (M. 199, 263 B) omni topazio pretiosior; see 
Woelfflin, ALL. 6, 459 and cf. aurum i. 

Gerere. Fronto ad Ant. 5, p. 102, 4 (Nab.) ante gestum, 
post relatum, aiunt qui tabulas sedulo conficiunt, is an expression 
cast in proverbial form ; see Cic. de orat. 2, 280 and compare 

DEDUCTIO. 

gerrae, p. 153. Placid, gloss., p. 49 (D.) gerras, nugas 
ineptiasque; see ALL. io, 378. 



FURTHER COLLECTION OF LATIN PROVERBS. I37 

gladius 2, p. 153. Wibald. Stab. ep. 22 (M. 189, 1144 B) 
insanis clavam porrigere; cf. Petr. Bles. ep. 18 (M. 207, 67 A) 
honor fatui, gladius in manus insani. 

gladius 3, p. 154. Columban. serm. n, 2 (M. 80, 251 B) 
quando enim unusquisque mentitur, . . . seipsutn proprio gladio 
iugulat ; Ioh. Sar. ep. 99 (M. 199, 90 B) quia nihil turpius est 
quam suis arm is expugnari, et quasi mucrone proprio iugulari; 
Polycrat. 5, 7 (554 D) vel eura suo mucrone iugules ; Petr. Chrys. 
serm. 157 (M. 52, 615 C) hostem proprio mucrone turbare singu- 
lare est insigne virtutis ; Lucian bis ace. 29 in epe -rifv iufy n&xatpav 

aitovav ,' compare Macar. 3, 85 ev tois e'fiavToO Siktvois aKaxrofiai (with 

Leutsch's note), Schmidt, 1. c, p. 98; compare also Lact. instit. 
5, 19, 1 primum quod se ipsos iugulant. 1 

Graculus, p. 155. See Martin, 1. c, p. 24, no. 32 a. 

GRADUS, p. 155. Commod. instr. 2, 7, 9 aut ferro ligatus aut 
de suo gradu deiectus ; cf. Hor. ep. 2, 2, 30 praesidium regale loco 
deiecit, ut aiunt; Sen. ep. 67, 10 illic est constantia, quae deici 
loco non potest. 

Graecus 2, p. 156. Compare Verg. Aen. 2, 106 ignari . . . 
artisque Pelasgae ; Maxim, eleg. 5, 39 Graiae tunc nescius artis. 

GRAMEN. Ovid trist. 5, 1, 32 mollia quot Martis gramina 
campus habet; Alcuin ep. 134 (M. 100, 374 A) gramina quot 
tellus habeat, vel littus arenas. 

GRANDO. Ovid met. 5, 158 tela volant hiberna grandine plura. 

GRANUM. Ovid ex Pont. 4, 15, 8 quot . . . | Punica sub lento 
cortice grana rubent; trist. 5, 2, 24; cf. Hildebert. carm. misc. 
1130 (M. 171, 1403 C) habet . . . non tot grana seges, crimina 
quot species. 

gubernator, p. 1 56. Sen. d. 1, 4, 5 gubernatorem in tem- 
pestate, in acie militem intellegas ; 6, 5, 5 ne gubernatoris quidem 
artem tranquillum mare et obsequens ventus ostendit ; Cypr. de 
mortal. 12 gubernator in tempestate dinoscitur, in acie miles pro- 
batur ; Ps.-Publil. Syr. 368 tranquillo quivis est gubernator mari ; 
compare Othlo lib. prov. 12 (M. 146, 319 A) militis cuiuslibet 
fortitudo non agnoscitur nisi in bello (cf. Sen. d. 1, 4, 5 above) ; 
Ovid trist. 3, n, 21 in causa facili cuivis licet esse disertum ; Plin. 
ep. 9, 26, 4 ideo nequaquam par gubernatoris est virtus, cum 
placido et cum turbato mari vehitur. 

GUTTA 1, p. 156. Plaut. Rud. 435 quern nisi oras, guttam non 

1 See Brandt-Laubmann's index under proverbia. 
10 



I38 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

feres ; 437 ; Ennod. ep. 3, 24, p. 89, 22 (H.) vix arentis gutta 
fundatur eloquii; Augustin. ep. no, 5 (M. 33, 421) vix mihi 
paucissimae guttae temporis stillantur ; Sen. clem. 1, n, 3 nullam 
te . . . stillam cruoris humani misisse; compare Lact. instit. 5, 2, 
9 ad veritatem, cuius ille ne scintillam quidem unam vidisset 
aliquando. 

gutta 1, n. 2, p. 156. Arnob. adv. nat. 2, 49, p. 87, 6 (Reiff.) 
nee mare continuo dulce est, si mitioris aquae guttas alicuius 
adieceris; Pacian. ep. 3, 25 (M. 13, 1080 B) nonne ut stillicidia 
fontibus magnis ? nonne, ut ab oceano quaedam gutta, sorberis ? 

gutta 2, p. 156. Ovid ex Pont. 4, 10, 5 is cited by Wippo 
prov. (M. 142, 1264). 

GUTTA 4. Coripp. Ioh. 6, 202 numeres . . . | nimborum aut 
guttas; in laud. lust. 3, 358; Cassiod. var. 1, 10, 4 quantitate 
innumerabili harena maris, guttae pluviarum, stellae lucidae 
concluduntur ; compare grando. 

habere 1, p. 157. Ioh. Sar. ep. 237 (M. 199, 267 A) per- 
celebre est: quantum quisque sua nummorum fundit ab area, | 
tantum habet et fidei; in Polycrat. 4, 5 (521 D) he cites Ovid f. 
1, 217 ; with the general thought compare Hor. sat. 2, 5, 8 et genus 
et virtus, nisi cum re, vilior alga est; Sen. ep. 115, 10 quaerimus 
non quale sit quidque, sed quanti; Pind. Isth. 2, n xp'il iaTa > 

Xpfoar avi)p. 

habere 3, p. 157. Medea trag. 374 (PLM. 4, 234 Baehr.) hoc 
habet ; Prudent, psych. 53 ' hoc habet,' exclamat victrix regina. 

habere 4, p. 157. Plaut. Amphitr. 927 tibi habeas res tuas, 
reddas meas; Ennod. ep. 2, 12, p. 52, 14 (H.) tibi habe facetias 
tuas ; Arnob. adv. nat. 5, 7 ; tibi haec habe 5, 13. 

hamus 1, p. 158. Evagr. sent. (M. 20, 1184 B) quern ad mo- 
dum enim si quis glutiat hamum, sic abstrahetur anima tua; see 
Rowe, 1. c, p. 18, Schmidt, 1. c, pp. 86 and 88. 

harena 1, p. 159. Coripp. Ioh. 6, 201 numeres . . . | quantas 
litus harenas | alluit ; in laud. lust. 3, 358 ; incert. Sax. poet. (M. 
99, 731 C) amplior est numero, quam sit harena maris ; Alcuin ep. 
134 (M. 100, 374 A) quot . . . habeat littus arenas ; compare Pind. 

Olymp. 2, 108 «Wi ^d/ifior dpiOfiov ireptne<pevyev ; Diogen. 2, 27 ap.p.ov 

fxerpe'iv ; Varro ra<pri MewVwov 1 2, ^ranp-aKoa 101 ; incert. frag. 7 (Riese) ; 
cf. also Macrob. sat. 5, 20, 13; see Blaydes* note on Aristoph. 
Acharn. 3. 

harena 4, p. 159. Petr.Dam. ep. 1, 15 (M. 144, 233 C) divinam 
imploro clementiam ut . . . sterile arenosi littoris aratrum mihi de 



FURTHER COLLECTION OF LATIN PROVERBS. 1 39 

manibus tollas ; Gillebert. ep. 1 (M. 184, 289 B) inutile siquidem 
arenae mandare semina; Steph. Torn, suppl. ep. 10 (M. 211, 
548 D) tamquam laterem lavantes, et seminantes in arena; cf. 
Alan, de Insul. lib. parab. (M. 210, 581 B) in sterili steriles aratrum 
facit aggere sulcos; de plane, nat. (431 B). Duff on Iuven. 1, 155 
et latum media sulcum deducis harena, gives this interpretation 
but, it seems to me, incorrectly. 

harena 5, p. 160. See Leutsch on Greg. Cypr. Mosq. 3, 46 ; 
Apost. 7, 50, and Martin, p. 23. 

HERBA 3. Plaut. Trin. 31 mores mali | quasi herba inrigua 
succrevere uberrume, sounds proverbial. 

Hercules i, p. 162. Coripp. Ioh. 7, 378 Herculeis . . . viribus ; 
Anthol. Pal. 9, 281, 4 8i£^at Sdrepov 'HpaicXe'a; 11, 95, 4; Eustath. 
II. 589, 42 SWos ovtos 'H/jaKXijs ' ; see Wiesenthal, p. 46 and cf. the 
expression in Iuven. 2, 20 verbis | Herculis, used in reference to 
the doctrines of the stoics. 

Hercules i, n., p. 162. See Wiesenthal, p. 58, for Greek 
references. 

Hercules 5, p. 163. Hildebert. ep. 2, 22 (M. 171, 234 C) et 
tanquam Herculi clavam de manibus extorquentes ; loh. Sar. 
Polycrat. 7, 13 (M. 199, 667 A) longe maius quam, ut fabularum 
utamur verbis, clavam eripere de manu Herculis ; Petr. Bles. ep. 
141 (M. 207, 423 B) leviusque profecto extorquerem clavam de 
manu Herculis. 2 

[Hercules 7. Steph. Torn, uses frequently the alliterative 
proverb commisit tamquam Hylam Herculi iungens, ep. 2, 114 
(M. 211, 404 A), which probably goes back to earlier times; 
compare ep. 2, 121 (409 B) ubi tanquam Hylas mirabar Herculem ; 
ep. 2, 148, (435 C) nam sicut Hylas Herculem, non aequis eos 
passibus consectamur; Ioh. Sar. Metal. 1, 3 (M. 199, 829 A) 
Hylam . . . ab Hercule.] 

Hercules 8. Ovid ex Pont. 3, 3, 100 pectus et Herculeae 
simplicitatis habes, points to a possible proverb. 

Hercules 9. The termini (or vestigia) Herculis et Liberi 
patris appears to be a quasi-proverbial phrase denoting wide 
extent and remote distance; see Curt. 3, 10, 5; 9, 4, 21; Sen. 
ben. 7, 3, 1 ; ep. 94, 63 ; compare Gades. 

1 Kurtz, p. 308. 

2 Compare Prudent, ham. 402 hinc gerit Herculeam vilis sapientia clavam; 
Hier. ep. 70, 3 rabidum canem . . . Herculis clava percutiam ; Thom. Cant, 
ep. 19 (M. 190, 466 A) quasi clava Herculea percussi et repulsi. 



I40 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

Hermus. Claudian. 3, 103 stagna rubentis | aurea Pactoli; 
totumque exhauserit Hermum; 18, 214 ut eunucho flueret Pac- 
tolus et Hermus? 20, 172 Hermus et aurata Pactolus inhorruit 
urna ; 24, 232 ; compare Pactolus and Tagus. 

Hesperides, Sonny ALL. 8, 487. Ovid met. 11, ii4demptum 
tenet arbore pomum, | Hesperides donasse putes; cf. Claudian. 
c. 29, 177. 

Hippolytus, p. 164. For Greek parallels, see Wiesenthal, 

P- 55- 

homo 2, p. 165. Suet, citing Vespasian, Vesp. 13 ego tamen 
vir sum ; Salv. de gubn. dei 3, i, 3, p. 42, 12 (Pauly) homo sum, 
non intellego secreta dei; CIL. 11, 856 (Carm. Epigr. 191, 7 B.) 
sumus mortales, immortales non sumus; Sen. ep. 116, 7 nos 
homunciones sumus, omnia nobis negare non possumus : see 
Crusius, Herond. pp. 101 and til, 

homo 3, p. 165. Augustin. serm. 164 (M. 38, 901 D) humanum 
fuit errare; Ps.-Baeda lib. prov. (M. 90, 1098) humanum est 
peccare ; Petr. Dam. serm. 17, 90 (M. 144, 599 D) peccare quippe 
humanum est; Othlo lib. prov. 8 (M. 146, 313 B) humanum est 
peccare ; Ter. Adel. 579 censen hominem me esse ? erravi ; for 
Greek parallels, see H. Koch II, p. 20; cf. append, anthol. Pal. 

2, 52, 9 iijj&ev i/iapruv e'ort 9ti>v. Cf. Dem. l8, 289. 

homo 4, p. 165. Ter. Heaut. 77 is cited by Augustin. ep. 155, 
14 (M. 33, 672); Ioh. Sar. ep. 206 (M. 199, 229 D) humanum, 
teste comico, nihil charitas a se reputat alienum ; ep. 281 (317 B) ; 
Polycrat. 3, prol. (477 B). 

homo 6, p. 166. Optat. Mil. 3, 3, p. 78, 15 (Z) nee homo 
inter homines esse voluit ; see Crusius, Herond. p. 100 ; cf. Tac. 
h. 4, 64 liberi inter liberos eritis. 

homo 7, p. 166. With Petron. 38, phantasia, non homo, com- 
pare Zacchaeus Christ, consult. 1, 9 (M. 20, 1078 B) nee prae- 
stigiorum more phantasiam pro homine monstrari. 

homo 9, p. 166. Ioh. Sar. metal. 2, 18 (M. 199, 876 C) ut 
verbo comico utar: fere quot homines, tot sententiae; compare 
Mart. 6, 56, 5 scis multos dicere multa; anthol. Pal. 11, 283, 1 
iroXXot iroKka \fyovoiv. 

honos i, p. 167. Ovid trist. 5, 14, 16 ad te non parvi venit 
honoris onus; Iulian. Pom. 1, 25, 1 non honorari sed onerari 
(see C. Bliimlein, ALL. 8, 586, also Woelfflin, ALL. 1, 578) ; 
Foliot ep. 43 (M. 190, 777 A) mi hi nee onus augeretur, nee vobis 
honor . . . minueretur; Nicol. Clar. ep. 40 (M. 196, 1639 C) 



FURTHER COLLECTION OF LATIN PROVERBS. 141 

oneri, non honori ; Petr. Bles. ep. 242 (M. 207, 554 C) hanc onus 
reputa, non honorem ; Steph. Torn. ep. 3, 267 (M. 211, 528 A) 
annexum est onus honori; ep. 2, 146 (432 D) sic honorastis et 
onerastis ut et honor non deficiat ex onere et onus proficiat ex 
honore. 

hora 1, p. 167. 1 Ter. Phorm. 514 unam praeterea horam ne 
oppertus sies; Hor. sat. 2, 7, 112 adde quod idem | non horam 
tecum esse potes ; Hier. ep. 54, 9 unius horae spatio commutatur ; 
for the phrase horae momento, see Hor. sat. 1, 1, 8; Li v. 5, 7, 3 ; 
Plin. n. h. 7, 51, 172.* 

hostis 1, p. 168. Incert. Sax. poet. (M. 99, 691 A) est dictum : 
dolus an virtus, quis in hoste requirat? 

hostis 2, p. 168. Ovid met. 4, 428 is cited by Abaelard. ep. 
8 (M. 178, 284 D); Petr. Ven. ep. 4, 21 (M. 189, 349 B) verum 
est quod dicitur, etc.; and by Petr. Bles. ep. 91 (M. 207, 286 B). 

Hyacinthus. Iuven. 6, nofacit hoc illos Hyacinthos; com- 
pare Endymion. 

Hybla 1, p. 168. Claudian. 14, 8 Hyblaeos latebris nee 
spoliat favos. 

Hybla 2, p. 168. Claudian. rapt. Proserp. 2, 125 Hyblaeum 
. . . thymum. 

HYMETTUS, p. 169. Anthol. Pal. 7, 36, 4 'Y^qTrei<j> A«0o>«*of 
pcKni J II, 34 1 ) 2 oWa naitar elirew, ATTtneov tart /xe'Xi. 

Hyperboreus. To Sonny ALL. 8, 487 add Hor. c. 2, 20, 16 
Hyperboreosque campos; for the Hyperborean cold, compare 
Sidon. Apoll. c. 11, 96 Hyperboreis . . . pruinis; Val. Flacc. 
8, 210; Claudian. 24, 256; 5, 240 vel Hyperboreo damnatam 
sidere Thylen. 

iacere, p. 169. Sen. ep. 105, 2 etiam in acie iacens praet- 
eritur, cum stante pugnatur; compare Petr. Dam. ep. 1, 15, 25 
(M. 144, 228) et fortis ac ingenuus quisque bellator, vitat inermem, 
impetit adversum se tela vibrantem ; Dracont. 5, 311 et praedam 
rabies contemnit fulva iacentem ; see Otto, CALCARE, p. 64. 

ictus 1. Sil. Ital. 8, 309 stat campis acies, exspectaturque sub 
ictu I alter Flaminius ; Cypr. ep. 57, 1 pacem sub ictu mortis 
acciperent; Augustin. ep. 137, 8 (M. 33, 519) in ictu temporis; 
Paulin. Nol. ep. 13, 14, p. 96, 4 (H) : in ictu oculi ; Theobald. 
Stamp, ep. 1 (M. 163, 760 A) in ictu oculi ; Petr. Bles. ep. 153 

'See Rhodius II, p. 5, de L. Munati Planci sermone, Bautzen, 1896. 
2 For the use of hora to express length of time, see Ter. Eun. 341 dum haec 
dicit, abiit hora ; Hor. sat. I, 5, 14 with Fritzsche's note. 



142 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

(M. 207, 447 C) sub ictu oculi; Aldh. ep. 4 (M. 89, 96 A) momen- 
taneoque ictu apprehendi; Petr. Dam. serai. 6, 26 (M. 144, 
532 B) in brevissimi temporis ictu ; Nicol. Gar. ep. 7 (M. 196, 
1602 A) in uno capillulo et ocelluli scintillatione ; Eustath. opusc. 

6, 7 r&xiov 1} avapvaairiva ', Kurtz, p. 319. 

ICTUS 2. Claudian. 18, 50 unoque sub ictu | eripit officium 
patris nomenque mariti; Ps.-Cypr. de sing. cler. 19, p. 195, 14 
(H.) utrumque semel uno ictu mortificat; Boeth. consol. phil. 
5, 6, p. 144 (Peiper) uno ictu ; compare Otto, DUO 2. 

ignis 2, p. 170. Evagr. sent. (M. 20, 1183 B) sicut enim 
aurum et argentum probat ignis: Columban. monost. 179 (M. 80, 
291) aurum flamma probat, homines tentatio iustos; Othlo lib. 
prov. 19 (M. 146, 334 C) tamquam fornacis rutilans aurum probat 
ignis ; Petr. Pap. ad Thorn. Cant. ep. 459 (M. 190, 1021 D) 
Christi miles tamquam aurum in fornace probatur. 

ignis 3. Ovid a. a. 1, 244 is cited by Helois. ad Abaelard. ep. 
6 (M. 178, 214 B) ; anthol. Pal. 9, 749, 2 p? rrvpi n-Cp «raye ; append. 

3, 17*! ^ tort to trip Tovrcp r<jj nvpl irvp irepov. 

IGNIS 5, p. 171. Anthol. Pal. 12, 139, 2 nvp vnb tiJ o-jrodij). 

ignis 6, p. 171. Stat. Theb. 2, 455 nil tela nee ignes | obstite- 
rint; Curt. 4, 1, 18 quod alii per ignes ferrumque peterent; Petr. 
Dam. serm. 32 (M. 144, 676) per gladios, per tela, per ignes; 
Hildebert. carm. misc. 1330 (M. 171, 1403 D) ruens per tela, per 
ignes ; Ioh. Sar. ep. 247 (M. 199, 292 B) per tela, et per ignes et 
ultimae vitae discrimina ; Polycrat. 7, 9 (656 C) per tela, per ignes. 

ignis 9. Fronto, p. 202, 3 (Nab.) sicut ignem, quamvis mag- 
num, vel levis aura si adflaverit, adiuverit, sounds proverbial. 

Ilias, p. 171. Add Eustath. II. 1, 22 'iXias naKwv; Kurtz, p. 313. 

incendium, 5. Hor. ep. 1, 18, 85 et neglecta solent incendia 
sumere viris. 

incitus, p. 173. See further Tribukait, p. 55, n. 2. 

incubare, p. 173. Maxim. Taur. homil. 82 (M. 57, 431 C) 
nee ipsis bene est qui recondito auro incubant. 

India, p. 174. Add Mart. 1, 109, 4 Issa est carior Indicis 
lapillis; 10, 38, 5 Propert. 2, 22, 10; 3, 4, 2 ; 3, 13, 6; Coripp. in 
laud. lust. 3, 15; Soph. Antig. 1038; Eustath. opusc. 61, 75 tA 
'ivbiKa xpuo-m; see Kurtz, p. 311. 

ingenium. Ioh. Sar. Polycrat. 7, 15 (M. 199, 673 A) nam, ut 
dici solet, amor ingenii numquam hominem divitem fecit, is 
perhaps a much older proverb. 

innocentia. Caecil. in Apul. apol. 5, p. 390 (H.) innocentiam 



FURTHER COLLECTION OF LATIN PROVERBS. I43 

eloquentiam esse ; Tac. dial. 1 1 nam statum cuiusque ac securi- 
tatem melius innocentia tuetur quam eloquentia ; compare Diogen. 
7, 87 jrpo0a<r«o)r beirai \*.nvov f) irovrjpla; Sen. ep. 49, 12 veritatis sim- 
plex Oratio est (= Eurip. Phoen. 469 dirXoOr 6 p.vBos rfjs d\r)deias i<pv). 

invidia, p. 176. Fronto, p. 209, 19 (Nab.) sed profecto sicut 
arborum altissimas vehementius ventis quati videmus, ita virtutes 
maximas invidia criminosius insectatur; cf. Curt. 4, 5, 2 semperque 
homines, quantamcunque felicitatem habeant, invidiam tamen 
sentire maiorem (Mutzell ad loc.) ; Othlo lib. prov. 19 (M. 146, 
336 B) virtus semper invidiae patet ; Ps.-Baeda lib. prov. (M. 90, 
1 1 12). 

iocus, p. 176. Sen. d. 7, 12, 2 miscent . . . et interponunt vitae 
ut ludum iocumque inter seria; Rufin. Aquil. apol. 1, 313 (M. 21, 
546 A) ut ei mos est, miscuit seriis ridicula et ludicra ; Mart. Dum. 
de form. hon. vit. 4, 7 miscebis interdum seriis iocos ; Ioh. Sar. 
enthet. in Polycrat. (M. 199, 381 B) sic aptes seria ludis ; Petr. 
Cell. ep. 69 (M. 202, 515 A) miscuisti siquidem iocos seriis; see 
ALL. 9, 65. 

Irus, p. 177. Epictetus in Macrob. sat. 1, n, 45 koi ireviqv 
*i/jor; under Diogen. 8, 53 Schneidewin cites Liban. ep. 487 6eois 

rtfimv Se'gerai &v T Ipoj ytveadai pdXkov r) pfj tijx&v Kivipas ', See Wiesen- 

thal, p. 49. 

Iuppiter 1, p. 178. Hor. c. i, 12, 13 quid prius dicam solitis 
parentis | laudibus; Aratus cited in Macrob. sat. 1, 18, 15 ex. 
Aios apxa>jj.€<r6a ; Pind. Nem. 2, 3; Eurip. Hel. 1024; Terpand. 

frag. I (Bergk) Zev, navrair dpx"i I Tavrav ayrjrap, \ ZeO, trot o-nivhai \ 
ravrav vpvav ap%av. 

Iuppiter 3, p. 179. Ioh. Sar. Metal. 1, 3 (M. 199, 828 D) 
audienda quidem felicibus et, ut dici solet, auribus Iovis. 

Iuppiter 7. Plaut. Merc. 956 tarn propitiam reddam quam 
quom propitiast Iuno lovi, sounds proverbial. 

Iuppiter 8. Jove as the embodiment of wealth ; Plaut. Pseud. 
628 si . . . promptas thensauros Iovis, | tibi libellam argenti num- 
quam credam ; cf. anthol. Pal. 5, 34, 1-2 6 Zevs r^ Aavdrjv xP v<roi > 

Kayco de <re xpvaov' | n-Xeioya yap 8ovvai tov Aiot ov bvvapai, of happi- 
ness ; Sen. ep. 1 10, 18 lovi ipsi controversiam de felicitate 
faciamus ; ep. 25, 4 cum ipso love de felicitate contendat ; cf. Otto, 
DEUS 5. 

ius 1, p. 179. Ioh. Sar. Polycrat. 3, n (M. 199, 499 C) 
econtra in praetorio saepe summum ius summa iniuria est. 

'Linde, p. 26, de proverbiorum apud tragicos Graecos usu, Gotha, 1896. 



144 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

IUS 2, p. 180. Solon (?) frag. 30 (Bergk) apx&v Skov€ k<u SucaiW 
xadUas ; see H. Koch II, p. 23 ; compare Propert. 2, 4, 6 dehinc 
domiti post haec aequa et iniqua ferunt ; cf. dignus. 

LABES. Verg. Aen. 2, 97 hinc mihi prima mali labes, appears 
to have become a proverbial quotation; Iustin. 17, 1, 5 haec ill i 
prima mali labes. It also occurs twice in Gualbert. act. 285 (M. 
146, 921 B) and 272 (917 A). 

labor 2, p. 181. Verg. georg. 1, 145 is cited by Ioh. Sar. 
metal. 1, 6 (M. 199, 833 D); compare amare i. 

labor 3, p. 181. Hier. ep. 14, 10 at nemo athleta sine sudore 
coronatur. 

labrum 2, p. 182. Incert. auct. paneg. Messall. 202 vel bene 
sit notus, summo vel inhaereat ore ; Auson. ep. 14, 98 nil quaero, 
nisi quod labris tenetur, Zosim. pap. de reb. Pelag. 45, 3 nee hoc 
contenti, utrum haec, quae scripsisset, corde loqueretur an labiis ; 
Gaufrid. ep. 30 (M. 205, 855 D) nolo enim litteras de summo ore 
stillantes; cf. Rufin. anthol. Pal. 5, 14, 3 yjraiei S' ovk axpois tois 
X<i\«riv. On Otto's note 1, p. 182, see Crusius, Herond., p. 182. 

labyrinthus, p. 183. For Greek parallels see Schmidt, 1. c, 
p. 48. 

lac i, p. 183. Sidon. Apoll. ep. 1, 2, 3 lactea cutis; anthol. 
Lat. N. 727 R. (II, 185, 4) albi lacte magis ; see further Woelfflin, 
ALL. 6, 457. 

lac 2, p. 183. Compare the Greek proverb mxup . . . aZuov 
ovbi iv I ovras Sfiowv yiyovev cited by Cic. ad Attic. 4, 8a, I. 

lac 5. Varro sat. Menipp. Prom. lib. 10 (B.) Chrysandalos 
locat sibi amiculam de lacte et cera Tarentina quam apes Milesiae 
coegerint; Apul. met. 10, 22 lacte et melle confecta membra. 
The joining of lac and melvras very common in late and medieval 
Latin because of the biblical parallel ; note the phrase, lac et mel 
sub lingua; Petr. Cell. ep. 69 (M. 202, 515 A); Gaufrid. ep. 23 
(M. 205, 849 D); Steph. Torn. serm. (M. 21 1, 569 A); with 
Orient, common. 2, 156 lacte et melle simul flumina plena, com- 
pare Ovid met. 1, 111 flumina iam lactis, iam flumina nectaris 
ibant. 

[lac 6. Plaut. Bacch. 11 34 quae nee lac[tem] nee lanam ullam 
habent, is a proverb according to Hartung, p. 1 7 ( Ueber die sprich- 
wbrter, besonders die lateinischen), whose view is favored by the 
alliteration.] 

Laconicus, p. 184. Compare Theokr. 18, 47 Aapton'; see 
Tribukait, p. 41. 



FURTHER COLLECTION OF LATIN PROVERBS. 145 

lapis i, p. 185. Steph. pap. II, ep. 7 (M. 89, 1012 B) ipsi 
lapides, si dici potest, tribulationem nostram . . . flerent; Paul, 
pap. I, ep. 1 (M. 89, 1 1 36 C) et ipsi lapides, si dici potest, nobis 
conflentes lacrymaverunt ; anthol. Pal. 7, 599, 5 tit \l60t oJk 

iyorfirev, or c£rjpmi£ev ckcivijv | eJpvjStijr 'AtSr/r. 

lapis 2, p. 185. Sid. Apoll. ep. 2, 8, 2 sufficit saxo carmen 
saxeum contineri; Paulin. Nol. ep. 12, 2, p. 74, 12 (H.) sum enim 
et ego unus de lapidibus vel iumentis illis quorum praefiguratione 
asina tunc locuta est; Paulin. Petr. vit. Mart. 1, 31 si quem recipit 
mens saxea sensum; Firm. Mat., p. 112, 14 (Halm) tu insensibile 
corrigis saxum ; Ioh. Sar. metal. 1, 3 (M. 199, 829 C) obtusior 
plumbo vel lapide; Plat. Gorg. 494 A to wo-jrep \ldov £rjv, see 
Schmidt, p. 122. 

lapis 8. Foliot Ep. 137 (M. 190, 845 A) quod equidem obti- 
nere sapienti non erit difficile, qui lapidem noverit omnem movere ; 
compare the Greek proverb itavra \ldov kivS> (Zenob. 5, 63 ; Macar. 
7, 4) which is cited by Pliny, ep. 1, 20, 16 ; anthol. Pal. 5, 40, 5. 

lapis 9. Apul. flor. 1, 9, p. 36 gemmam et aurum iuxta ac 
plumbum et lapillos nulli aestimare ; Zacch. Christ, consult. 3, 9, 
(M. 20, 1 164 D) gemma pro lapide est; compare Otto, lutum 5. 

lapis 10. Lactant. instit. 2, 3, 3 quid eo facias, qui cum errare 
se sentiat, ultro ipse in lapides inpingat ; see Brandt- Laubmann's 
index under proverbia. 

laqueus 1, p. 187. Plaut. True. 671 conlapsus est hie in cor- 
ruptelam suam ; incert. auct. trag. Agam. 633 et licuit dolos | 
versare, ut ipsi | fraude sua caderent Pelasgi ; Euseb. Pamph. 
vit. Constant. 1, 38 (M. 8, 26 A) scrobem aperuit atque effodit, et 
in foveam quam fecit ipse incidet ; compare Prov. 26, 27 ; Maxim. 
Taur. homil. 87 (M. 57, 452 C) dum aliena fraudulenter diripiunt, 
foveam suae perditionis effodiunt; Gualbert. act. 211 (M. 146, 
893 B) nobis laqueum foveamque paramus. 

laqueus 1, n., p. 187. Ovid her. 20 (21) 206 qui mihi tendebas 
retia. 

laqueus 2, p. 187. Sen. ep. 22, 3 sed illud idem existimo, 
leni eundum via, ut, quod male inplicuisti, solvas potius quam 
abrumpas, dummodo, si alia solvendi ratio non erit, vel abrumpas ; 
Avit. Vienn. ep. 1, p. 118, 1 (Chev.) sed rumpenda sunt interdum 
vincula necessitatum ; Ioh. Sar. Polycrat. prol. 1 (M. 199, 386 B) 
aut rumpo funem, si alias solvi non potest; ep. 292 (336 D) 
funem, si alias solvi non potest, rumpens. 

laqueus 3. Flav. Charis., p. 33, 20 (Keil) in retes meas inci- 



146 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

disti, adding, in consueludine dicimus ; cf. Gualbert. act. 65 (M. 
146, 790 A) in captionis laqueo deprehensum. 

later, p. 187. Paulin. Nol. ep. 32, 23, p. 298, 9 ne luteis 
aedificiis operum sordidorum laterem, ut aiunt, lavemus ; Hilde- 
bert. (M. 171, 1453 C) et later ablutus non erit absque luto ; 
Petr. Bles. ep. 123 (M. 207, 362 C) sic lavo laterem; Steph. Torn, 
suppl. ep. 10 (M. 2ii, 548) tamquam laterem lavantes et semi- 
nantes in arena; Eustath. opusc. 11, 92 wXlvdov irkiveiv; see 
Kurtz, p. 318. 

LEO 2, p. 189. Compare Nicol. Clar. ep. 35 (M. 196, 1628 C) 
illos duos loquor, vulpes astu, fastu leones ; Cic. offic. 1, 13, 41 is 
cited by Pacianus ep. 2 (M. 13, 1058 B) ; cf. Greg. Cypr. Mosq. 
1,83. 

LEO 3, p. 189. Compare append, sent. 274 (Ribb.) domi 
tyranni saepe servi sunt foris; Sidon. Apoll. ep. 1, 6, 2 cum sis 
alacer domi, in aggredienda peregrinatione trepidum ; Eustath. 
II. 1349, 25 oIkoi Xe'ovTer, see Kurtz, p. 316; Leutsch on Greg. 
Cypr. Mosq. 1, 83; Blaydes on Aristoph. Pax 11 89; on the use 
of \eav in Greek for a brave man, see J. Koch, 1. c, p. 23. 

lepus 5, as swift ; Plaut. Pers. 436 citius extemplo foro | 
fugiunt quam ex porta ludis quom emissust lepus; Phaedr. 1, 9, 
4 leporem obiurgabat passer: ubi pernicitas | nota? Ioh. Sar. 
enthet. in Polycrat. (M. 199, 383 A) leporesque fugaces. 

Lfthe, p. 192. Ovid a. a. 3, 340 nee mea Lethaeis scripta 
dabuntur aquis; trist. 1, 8, 36 cunctane Lethaeis mersa feruntur 
aquis? 4, 1, 47 utque soporiferae biberem si pocula Lethes; ex 
Pont. 4, 1, 17 ; Prudent, cath. 6, 15 totis bibit medullis | obliviale 
poclum. I serpit per omne corpus | Lethaea vis. 

lex 1, p. 192. Compare Tac. ann. 3, 27 et corruptissima re 
publica plurimae leges ; Germ. 19 plusque ibi boni mores valent 
quam alibi bonae leges. 

licet 1, p. 193. Publil. Syr. 393 nil magis amat cupiditas, 
quam quod non licet; Ovid am. 3, 4, 17 is a favorite quotation in 
Ioh. Sar. ep. 68 (M. 199, 54 D) ; ep. 249 (293 D) fidem haben- 
dam esse proverbio: nitimur etc.; Polycrat. 1, 6 (403 B); 8, 24 
(819 B) ; Abaelard. ep. 8 (M. 178, 293 D) ; Ovid am. 2, 19, 3 is 
also cited by Ioh. Sar. ep. 273 (M. 199, 312 B); compare his 
remark, Polycrat. 1, 6 (403 B), aquae furtivae dulciores Prov. 

9, 17 with Greg. Cypr. I, 98 yXt>ie«' otrapa (pvXctKoe eieXcXoiTrdror. 

LIGNUM. Cato de suo sump., p. 37, 18 (Jord.) enim vero 
usque istuc ad lignum dele, quoted by Fronto ep. ad Ant. 1, 2, p. 



FURTHER COLLECTION OF LATIN PROVERBS. 147 
100, 17 (Nab.); cf. Hier. ep. 9, 1 imis, ut aiunt, ceris eraseris ; see 

ATTONDERE, OttO, p. 45. 

linea 3, p. 194. With Otto's remarks compare Placid, gloss., 
p. 28 (D.) conspicillo, ita ut conspici possunt, quod aiunt 'longis 
lineis ' ; see Sonny, ALL. 9, 67-8 ; with the note cf. Eurip. Antig. 
frag. 169 (N.) <-V axpav rJKOfuv ypa/u/tiji/ Kaicav ; Prudent, apoth. 812 
manet virtus, cui linea dent | ultima. 

lilium, p. 193. Herond. 7, 27; see Crusius, p. 133. 

lingua 1, p. 195. To Jahn's citations in his note on Pers. 5, 1, 
add Caecil. 128 (Ribb.) si linguas decern habeam ; Ovid trist. 1, 
5,53; met. 8, 532; Apul. met. 11, 25; Sidbn. Apoll. c. 23, 459 ; 
Sedul. carm. pasch. 1, 99, p. 23 (Huem.); i, 2, p. 181, 8; Ennod. 
ep. 9, 29 ; Claudian. c. 28, 436 ; Orient. 1, 387 ; cited by Hier. ep. 
66, 5 ; 123, 17 ; Licent. ad Augustin. ep. 263 (M. 33, 106) ; Alcuin 
ep. 186 (M. 100, 458 A) ; Gualbert. act. 34 (M. 146, 779 B) ; Ioh. 
Sar. Polycrat. 6, 28 (M. 199, 636 A). 

lingua 2, p. 195. Petr. Dam. serm. 36, 180 (M. 144, 695) 
tunc deinde probatum est verum esse quod dicitur; vox populi, 
vox Dei. 

Lucretia, Szel. p. 12, as a prude; Mart. 1, 90, 5 esse vide- 
baris, fateor, Lucretia nobis. 

lucrum 3, p. 197. Ps.-Baeda lib. prov. (M. 90, 1100 D) lucrum 
sine damno alterius fieri non potest; Othlo lib. prov. 11 (M. 146, 
317 A). 

lupus i, p. 198. See Schmidt, p. 112 for Greek parallels. 

lupus 3, p. 198. Cf. Licent. apud. Augustin. ep. 26, 3 (M. 33, 
105) esuriens vitulos alet ante leaena sequaces ] atque impasta 
diu teneros lupa nutriet agnos ; Cassiod. var. 2, 40, 6 iuxta prae- 
donem suum praeda gaudebat ; Claud, rapt. Proserp. 2, prol. 26 
vicinumque lupo praebuit agna latus ; see Tribukait, p. 25 ; 
Apost. 14, 96 irplv K€v \vkos Siv noifialvoi ; see also Martin, p. 28, 
no. 70. 

lupus 3, n., p. 198. Ovid met. 1, 505 sic agna lupum | . . . 
fugiunt; a. a. 1, 118 utque fugit visos agna novella lupos. 

lupus 5, p. 198. Ennod. vit. Ant., p. 389, 23 (H.) ne lupum 
ovibus, agnis viperam neglegens aestimator adiungas; Pacian. ep. 
3, 19 (M. 13, 1076 B) dicis, ex lege coelesti . . . nee communicare 
lupis agnos ; Synod. Chalcedon. ad Leo. Magn. ep. 98, 2 (M. 54, 
953) eos vero qui lupi demonstrati sunt super oves imposuit (rour 

8« \vkovs diro!Sf8(ty)ievovs roir 7rpo(3aroiy ejre<rr>j<re) J Abaelard. ep. I 

(M. 178, 127 C) : non minus . . . obstupui quam si agnam teneram 



I48 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

famelico lupo cotnmitteret ; Herodot. 4, 149 TotyapZv e<pr) airov 

KaraXei^eiv oiv (V \vkohti ', DlOgen. J, 62 7Tpo@aK\ovT€s Kvalv apvas. 

lupus 9, p. 199. Alvar. Cordub. ep. 20 (M. 121, 513 A) atque, 
ut fabulae ferunt, lupum auribus retinens nee tenere potes, nee 
vales dimittere. 

lupus 10, p. 199. Alcuin ep. 99 (M. 100, 310 A) passer aures 
habet apertas sed, ut video, proverbialis in fabula lupus gallo 
tulit vocem ; Apost. 10, 89 ; see Tribukait, p. 26. 

lupus 11. For discussion, see Tribukait, p. 26; Ioh. Sar. 
Polycrat. 1, 13 (M. 199, 412 A) cites and explains Verg. Eel. 9, 53. 

lupus 13. Hor. epod. 4, 1 lupis et agnis quanta sortito 
obtigit, I tecum mihi discordia est; Ovid ib. 43 pax erit haec 
nobis ... I cum pecore infirmo quae solet esse lupis ; Horn. II. 
22, 263 ov8c \vkoi Tt kcu 3pi>tr 6p.6<ppova 6vp.6v i)(ovaiv ; Diogen. 7) 63, 
irpiv Kf \vkos Stv notpalvot. 

lupus 14. Lact. instit. 5, 3, 23 videlicet homo subdolus voluit 
lupum sub ovis pelle celare, ut fallaci titulo posset inretire lectorem ; 
Hier. ep. 147, 11 sub vestitu ovium latebas lupus; ep. 22, 38 sub 
ovium pellibus lupos tegunt. 

lutum 1, p. 201. Leo Magn. ep. 34 (M. 54, 802 B) si vero in 
eodem insipientiae suae luto iacere delegerit. 

lutum 2, p. 201. Avit. Vienn. ep. 34, p. 184, 2 (Chev.)non se 
studuerunt de caeno, quo . . . tenentur, evolvere ; Aesch. choeph. 
697 ?£<o . . . otjW woSa ; see J. Koch, p. 33. 

Morris C. Sutphen.