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REVIEWS AND BOOK NOTICES. 21 1 

Fowler's preface : " In the darkest year that Europe has known 
since the tenth century, being too old and deaf to be of any active 
service to the country, I have found myself invigorated by fresh 
reading of Homer, Virgil, Milton, Wordsworth, and some of the 
poets who like them are my very old friends." 

M. S. Slaughter. 

University of Wisconsin. 



A Classical Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, Biog- 
raphy, Geography, and Mythology, edited by H. B. 
Walters. With 580 Illustrations. Cambridge, at the Uni- 
versity Press : New York, G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1916. 
1103 pp. $6.50. 

The general quality of this useful manual may be inferred 
from the statement that it is based " to a certain extent " on the 
Companions to Greek and Latin Studies recently issued by the 
Cambridge University Press. It is primarily a dictionary of 
classical antiquities, for the use of students at the Universities 
and in the upper forms of Public Schools. But, in order that the 
student may have before him the whole field of classical litera- 
ture, " the scope of the work has been extended to include also 
all proper names coming under the headings of geography, biog- 
raphy, and mythology, which are likely to come before the notice 
of the ordinary reader ". This list of proper names is incom- 
plete ; there is no mention of Virgil's friend Varus, of the lakes 
Benacus and Larius, of Petronius, or Claudian, or Ausonius, of 
Calpurnius or Nemesianus. There is a careless statement at 
p. 793, that the elder Pliny was born " at Novum Comum on the 
lake of that name ". And there are one or two doubtful state- 
ments which hardly deserve to be set forth with all the authority 
of a dictionary. It is by no means certain that Virgil's fatidica 
Manto was the " daughter of Heracles " ; and there is surely 
very little ground for saying that Propertius " appears to have 
married the lady whom he addresses as Cynthia in his poems ". 
After all that has been written on the question of allegory in the 
Eclogues, it takes some courage to say that Virgil himself 
" regards them as allegorical ; the flocks are the Roman people, 
or rather mankind, united under the protection of Imperial 
Rome, and he himself is a principal shepherd ". The treatment 
of the ' antiquities ' proper is much more satisfactory, though 
there are a few slight inaccuracies even here. The Pont du 
Gard is "near Nismes " (p. 87), not "at Nismes " (pp. 44, 
677) ; and its height is nearer 160 ft. than 180 ft. Domitian's 
celebration of the ludi saeculares was in 88 A. D., not 83. The 



212 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOLOGY. 

article on Aenigma might mention the riddle in Petronius, c. 58, 
and a whole book of riddles by Symphosius, in the Anthology. 
On p. 228 there is a hard saying about the cicada: " Though 
mentioned by Virgil and Ovid, it was, in ordinary life, hardly 
noticed by the unpoetical Romans ". In the headings, some of 
the long vowels are left unmarked, and Callga (181) is wrong. 
There are a few misplaced accents, vewxopos (20), 7rai8oTpi/?jjs 
(463), (JHSxTtfropos (493), *E«)<7<£opos (493). 'Apoxyomeus' 
(955) should be ' Apoxyomenos '. 'St. Remy' (103) should 
be ' St. Remy '. 

W. P. Mustard. 

Johns Hopkins University.