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Romania, Vol. XL VI (1920). 

M. Wilmotte. Chretien de Troyes et le conte de Guillaume 
d'Angleterre. 38 pages. This poem is a real roman d'aventure, 
although some scholars formerly attributed to it an ascetic char- 
acter. The poet's philosophizing, the treatment of his characters 
(especially the female), and his literary style all point to 
Chretien de Troyes as the author. 

Ferdinand Lot. Nouvelles etudes sur le cycle arthurien. 
III. L'ile Tristan. IV. Camlann. V. Les noces d'Erec et 
d'Enide. 7 pages. 

Lucien Foulet. Comment on est passe de " ce suis je " a 
" c'est moi." 38 pages. The old usage followed the Latin rule, 
and the author of this article quotes many instances from the 
Soman de Renart especially to establish his point. Later on 
the loss of declension endings caused a radical change to be made 
in this common construction. By the sixteenth century the new 
forms are well in evidence, and the older forms gradually disap- 
pear from the language. The change has not been fully made, 
however, even in the twentieth century, as the popular speech 
still clings tenaciously to some of the older locutions. 

R. T. Holbrook. Le plus ancien manuscrit connu de Pathe- 
lin. 25 pages. After a careful comparison of the Le Roy 
edition of 1485 or 1486, the Levet edition of 1489 and the Biblio- 
theque nationale manuscript, the author decides in favor of the 
hypothesis that the manuscript was derived from the Levet edi- 
tion. These are the only three texts that are of importance for 
a critical text, as all the others are derivatives of later date. 
The dialectic jargon near the middle of the farce is of especial 
interest, but it is manifestly not to be taken too seriously in a 
linguistic sense. 

Melanges. Theodore Gerold, Remarques sur quelques melo- 
dies de chansons de croisade. Arthur Langfors, L'article Estipot 
de Godefroy. Clovis Brunei, Provengal Caissa. 

Comptes rendus. J. Gillieron, Genealogie des mots qui de- 
signent l'abeille d'apres F Atlas linguistique de la France (K. 
Jaberg) . Jacques de Bugnin, Le Congie pris du siecle seeulier, 
p. p. Arthur Piaget (F. Ed. Schneegans). 

Periodiques. Neophilologus, T. I (1915-16) ; T. II (1916- 
17); T. Ill (1917-18); T. IV (1918-19) (M. R.). The Ro- 
manic Review, VII (1916) (M. R.). Bibliotheque de l'Ecole 


des Chartes, t. LXXVII (1916) (E.-G. Leonard). Journal des 
Savants, 1891-1903 (M. E.). 

Chronique. Obituary notice of Jean Acher. Karl Christ, of 
the Koyal Library of Berlin, has discovered 25 French manu- 
scripts in the Vatican Library coming from Heidelberg in addi- 
tion to those previously listed by E. Langlois and Ant. Thomas. 
Collections et publications en cours. 

Comptes rendus sommaires. 15 titles. Ovide moralise p. p. 
C. De Boer, t. I, II ('M. B. : " II nous reste a souhaiter que M. 
De Boer continue a trouver les concours qui lui ont permis 
d'imprimer ces deux premiers volumes, et nous donne, sans trop 
de delai, la fin d'une edition qui lui fait grand honneur. . . .") 


Max Prinet. Les armoiries dans le roman du Chateau de 
Coucy. 19 pages. By a comparison with historical personages 
the author here shows that the poet did not invent his descrip- 
tions, but merely adapted them to the exigencies of his verse. 
Occasionally, however, he does permit himself to fall into an- 
achronisms by attributing the armorial bearings of his day to 
the nobles of preceding ages. 

Luigi Sorrento. Nuove note di sintassi siciliana. 24 pages. 
Characteristic locutions in Sicilian are traced baclc to their Latin 
originals, and special attention is called to the importance of 
reduplication as a strong dialectic feature. 

E. Hoeffner. Les poesies lyriques du Dit de la Panthere de 
Nicole de Margival. 27 pages. The writer of this article ob- 
jects to the title of Le Dit de la Panthere d'amours given to the 
poem by Henry A. Todd when he edited it in 1883 for the 
Societe des anciens textes franeais. He considers that the editor 
has rather slighted the many lyrical poems introduced by the Old 
French author, and he undertakes to point out at some length 
their many interesting features. It appears to him that Nicole 
de Margival in reality occupies an important place in the history 
of lyrical poetry in France. 

Edmond Faral. Notice sur le manuscrit latin de la Biblio- 
theque nationale n° 3718. 40 pages. This manuscript has 
remained largely unknown to scholars owing to the fact that it 
was stolen by Barrois and sold by him in 1849, the French 
government purchasing it back in 1883. Its contents are ex- 
tremely varied, and the chief interest that it possesses for Ro- 
mance scholars is a Vie d'Ami et d'Amile in Latin verse, and a 
Latin poem named Urbanus. 

L. Foulet. La disparition du preterit. 43 pages. The author 
here discusses the relations between the popular speech and the 


literary language in its use of tenses, and traces the development 
down through the centuries. He thinks that certain forms are 
doomed to disappear from the people's language, but that they 
will survive for centuries in literature. A large number of 
French texts are cited. 

Jessie L. Weston. Notes on the Grail romances, the Perles- 
vaus and the prose Lancelot. 16 pages. Miss Weston here 
replies to the criticisms that M. Ferd. Lot has directed at her 
Arthurian studies, and incidentally refers to Dr. Mtze's work 
in the same field. She does not believe that the Old French 
writer took the pains to work out a careful chronological scheme 
for the lives of the Arthurian heroes. 

Ernest Langlois. A propos du Coronement Loois. 46 pages. 
In 1888 M. Langlois published an edition of this poem with a 
long introduction treating the questions which naturally arise. 
Intending now to publish a second edition in the Classiques 
francais he examines these same questions anew in the light of 
varied criticisms and of new evidence that has become available 
in more than thirty years. He finds it necessary to change only 
minor details here and there. 

Melanges. Ferdinand Lot, Traditions sur Geoffroi Grise- 
gonelle et sur Helgaud de Montreuil. Ferdinand Lot, Influences 
litteraires antiques dans les noms de personnes. Ferdinand Lot, 
Textes diplomatiques sur les pelerinages. Lucien Foulet, Pour 
le commentaire de Villon La belle lecon aux enfants perdus. 
Lucien Foulet, Notes sur le texte de Villon (Lais et Testament.). 
Antoine Thomas, Anc. prov. Sebenc "Batard." Post-Scriptum. 

Comptes rendus. Friedrich Kluge, Altdeutsches Sprachgut 
im Mittellatein (J. Jud). Ernst G. Wahlgren, fitude sur les 
actions analogiques reciproques du parfait et du participe passe 
dans les langues romanes (Lucien Foulet). Eobert de Labus- 
quette, Autour de Dante. Les Beatrices. L' Amour et la Femme 
en Occitanie. L' Amour et la Femme en Toscane. Les femmes 
de Dante (Henry Cochin). Le Tornoiement as dames de Paris. 
Poemetto antico francese di Pierre Gencien, edito da Mario 
Pelaez (Arthur Langfors, M. E.). Le Eoman de Fauvel, par 
Gervais du Bus (E. Hoepffner). 

Periodiques. Bibliotheque de l'ficole des Chartes, t. LXXIX 
(E.-G. Leonard). Journal des Savants, 1904-1919 (M. E.). 
Eomanische Forschungen, t. XXVI (1909)-t. XXXII (1913) 
(E. Faral) ; t. XXXIII (1915) (Arthur Langfors). The Eo- 
manic Eeview, VIII (1917)-IX (1918) (M. E.: "II y a un 
veritable plaisir a lire cette bibliographie ou 1'on retrouve tant de 
noms avantageusement connus des romamstes — H. A. Todd, J. E. 
Matzke, T. A. Jenkins, G. C. Keidel, E. C. Armstrong, H. P. 


Thieme, etc. — et bon nombre de travaux qui font honneur an 
departement les langues romanes de Johns Hopkins University, 
ceuvre de M. Elliott"). 

Chronique. Obituary notice of Jules Cornu. M. Joseph 
Bedier was elected a member of the French Academy on June 4, 
1920. Publications annoncees. Collections et publications en 

Comptes rendus sommaires. 20 titles. Methods and mate- 
rials of literary criticism, lyric, epic and allied forms of poetry 
by Charles Mills Gayley . . . and Benjamin Putnam Kurtz, 
Boston, New York, etc., Ginn and Co. [1920]. 


J. Jud. Mots d'origine gauloise? Premiere serie. 13 pages. 
The author of this article submits various evidence which causes 
him to suspect a Gallic origin for a small group of French words. 

Amos Parducci. Bonifazio di Castellana. 34 pages. This 
little known troubadour is here investigated and a biographical 
sketch is attempted. Only three of his poems are known to be 
extant, and these are here critically edited. 

Edmond Faral. D'un " passionaire " latin a un roman fran- 
cais : quelques sources immediates du roman d'Eracle. 25 pages. 
The question here discussed is the Oriental element of the poem 
as posed many years ago by Gaston Paris. The conclusion 
reached is the very natural one that the Old French author did 
not draw directly on Eastern sources, but on earlier Western 
reworkings of them. 

F.-Ed. Schneegans. Le mors de la pomme; texte du XV e 
si&cle. 34 pages. The Dance of Death was a favorite theme in 
the fifteenth century, and its origin may perhaps be traced back 
to Amiens as far as authentic records appear to go. An Old 
French poem on this subject is here critically edited from the 
only manuscript in which it is known to have been preserved. 

Melanges. Lucien Foulet, De Icest a Cest et l'origine de 
Particle. A. Horning, Daru. Antoine Thomas, Sur le vers 412 
de Gormont et Isenbart. 

Comptes rendus. Die Lieder und Romanzen des Audefroi le 
Bastard: Kritische Ausgabe v. Arthur Cullmann; Dichtimgen 
von Matthiius dem Juden und Matthaus von Gent, von Hans 
Wolff (Arthur Langfors). H. Chamard, Les origines de la 
Poesie frangaise de la Renaissance (Albert Pauphilet). Giulio 
Bertoni, Italia dialettale (Giacomo De Gregorio). 

Periodiques. Journal des Savants, 1920 (M. P.). Studi 
Medievali, IV (1912-1913) (M. P.: "Herbert D. Austin, Ac- 


credited Citations in Eistoro d'Arezzo's ' Composizione del 
Mondo'"). Eevue des langues romanes, t. LIX (1916-1917) 
(Arthur Langfors, M. E.). Studi glottologici italiani, VII (M. 
E.). Studi romanzi, VII (1911)-X (1913) (M. E.). Eevista 
de filologia espafiola, t. Ill (1916)-VI (1919) (E. S.) Eevista 
Lusitana, XVI (1913)-XIX (1916) (M. E.). Memoires de 
FAcademie des sciences de Cracovie, classe de philologie, VII 
(1880)-XV (1891) ; 2 e serie, II (1893)-XXX (1909) ; 3 e serie, 
I (1910)-VI (1913) (S. Glixelli). Travaux de la Societe neo- 
philologique de Leopol, 1, 2 (S. G.) Memoires de la Societe 
neo^philologique pres l'Umversite de Saint-Petersbourg, fasc. 
IV (1910)-VIII (1915) (G. Lozinski). Jahresbericht des In- 
stituts fiir rumanische Sprache zu Leipzig, XXI-XXV (1919) 
(M. E.) . 

Chronique. Obituary notices of Carlo Salvioni and Johan 
Storm. Proposed volumes of studies in honor of E. Menendez 
Pidal. Publications annoncees. 

Collections et publications en cours. Eesearch publications of 
the University of Minnesota: Studies in Language and Litera- 
ture, 1, 2. Gesellschaft fiir romanische Literatur, 12 (1913) -16 
(1917). Beihefte zur Zeitschrift fiir romanische Philologie, 
29-47 (L. P., M. E.). 

Comptes rendus sommaires. 10 titles. Viggo Brondal, Sub- 
strater og Laan i Eomansk og Germansk; Studier i Lyd- og 
Ordhistorie (M. E.). A History of the French Novel (to the 
close of the 19th century), by George Saintsbury. Vol. I, From 
the beginning to 1800 (M. E.). 

George C. Keidel. 

Washington, D. C. 

Eevue de Philologie, Vol. XLIV (1920). 

Pp. 5-30. Eecents travaux sur les Defixionum tdbellae latines, 
1904-1914. Maurice Besnier. A study of the new tablets which 
have been published since the appearance of M. Audollent's book. 

P. 30. Note sur Aristophane. L. Bayard. In the Birds, 
1615, the word vapauraTptv means, " oui, Pisetaire, vat Heio-eralpe, 
va BauraTpev." 

P. 31-74. Inscriptions de Didymes, classement chronologique 
des comptes de la construction du Didymeion. Bernard Haus- 
soullier. II. Le groupe de Menodoros. 

Pp. 75-78. A propos de Properce, III, 18, 31 et de Pytha- 
gore. Franz Cumont. The passage, 


At tibi, nauta, pias hominum qui traieis uinibras, 

Hue animae portent corpus inane tuae, 
Qua Siculae victor telluris Claudius et qua 

Caesar ab humana cessit in astra via, 

may mean : " Que jusqu'a toi, nocher, qui f ais passer le Styx 
celeste aux ombres pieuses des defunts, les souffles qui fobeissent 
portent Id-haut le corps leger de Marcellus en suivant la route 
par laquelle le vainqueur de la Sicile et Cesar, en quittant la 
voie humaine, se retirerent vers les astres." 

Pp. 79-80. Eschyle, PrometMe 113. J. E. Harry. Eead, 
viraiOpwi &e<rfwi<n mis tl\tvfuvos. The Titan is ' totalement en- 
chaine, entierement serre.' 

Pp. 81-88. Bulletin bibliographique. 

Pp. 89-91. Obituary notice of Paul Lejay, who died June 13, 

Pp. 92-141. Appius Claudius Caecus. Paul Lejay. A long 
study of Appius' political career, and of his literary work. 

Pp. 142-170. Notes sur l'Heracles d'Euripide. L. Parmen- 
tier. Conservative discussion of lines 452, 471, 480-484, 557, 
588-92, 641, 655-64, 673-82, 772-80, 792, 845-50, 953-56, 1041, 
1101, 1110, 1111-23, 1218-29, 1241, 1288, 1351, 1388, 1410-15, 

Pp. 171-72. Bulletin bibliographique. 

Pp. 173-228. Sur les Scholies et le texte de l'Odyssee. Vic- 
tor Berard. I. Les Scholia de Dindorf. II. Fautes et correc- 
tions. III. Noms propres et mots techniques. IV. Les trans- 
ports de Scholies. 

Pp. 229-40. Lucrece et le symbolisme pythagoricien des 
enfers. Franz Cumont. Lucretius' explanation that the stories 
told of hell are really true of this life, iii. 978 ff., may be traced 
back to the Pythagoreans of the Alexandrian period. 

Pp. 241-47. Eemarques sur les Suppliantes e le Prometh6e 
d'Eschyle. P. Eoussel. The Supplices cannot have been com- 
posed before 480; it may have been brought out between 478 
and 473. Prometheus' reflections on the ingratitude of the 
gods may be compared with Hesiod, Theog. 535 ff., 556-7. 

P. 247. Lactem. L. Laurand. Rufus of Ephesus, De Po- 
dagra, 25, has 'Lactem dabis potum.' 

Pp. 248-77. Inscriptions de Didymes. Classement chronolo- 
gique des comptes de la construction du Didymeion. Bernard 
Haussoullier. III. Les travaux de 176-5 a 172-1. An appendix 
is added to this article : Comment avait lieu la consultation de 
l'oracle ? 


P. 278. Bulletin bibliographique. 

Pp. 279-83. Note sur deux passages de l'fineide (V 522-34, 
and XI 316-21). A. Piganiol. The arrow of Acestes announces 
the apotheosis of Aeneas. The fief promised by King Latinus 
to Aeneas was probably the ' ager Solonius.' 

Pp. 284-88. Corrections sur le texte de Perse. A. Cartault. 
Textual notes on I 8, 22 ff., 45 ff., 65 ff.; II 64 ff.; Ill 27 ff.; 

Pp. 289-92. ^v^ovXrj-Xv^ovXla. Ad Ch. Michel, no. 480. 
Bernard Haussoullier. 

Pp. 293-94. Bulletin bibliographique. 

Revue des Revues et publications d' Academies relatives a Fan- 
tiquite classique. 122 pp. 

W. P. Mustard.