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Dramatic Compositions Copyrighted in the United States, 1870 
to 1916. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1918. 
2 vols. 4to. Pp. v, 1662; 1663-3547, in double and triple 

While the chief purpose of this publication may well be con- 
sidered to be one of administrative efficiency, yet there are many 
aspects of this huge compilation which may prove to be of inter- 
est to the scholarly world as well. By way of orientation it may 
be stated that there are notable collections of dramas in many 
of the world's greatest and most famous libraries, among which 
the following may be mentioned: 

a. 80,000 dramas in the Bibliotheque de P Arsenal at Paris. 
" La plus belle collection du monde." E. Morel, Bibliotheques, 
Paris, 1909. Vol. 1, p. 60. 

b. 70,000 dramas in the Palli collection of the Biblioteca 
Nazionale at Naples. Karl J. Triibner, Minerva, passim. 

c. 50,000 dramas in the Bibliotheque Nationale at Paris. 
E. Morel, Bibliotheques, Paris, 1908. Vol. 2, p. 143. 

Thus it will be seen at a glance that the 60,000 dramas and 
drama titles included in the catalogue just published by the Li- 
brary of Congress in themselves form a collection worthy to take 
rank with other notable collections known to the scholarly 

An important provision of the Copyright Law for many years 
was that dramas might be deposited in typewritten form, and as 
a result thousands of such dramas in duplicate are still preserved 
in the Library of Congress with which the public is unac- 
quainted. Scholars interested in original research in this field 
would do well to bear this point in mind. 

In regard to the languages represented the following general 
statements may be made. The vast bulk of the catalogue is 
made up necessarily of English dramas which have appeared 
either in America or in England. Among the foreign lan- 
guages Spanish stands out preeminent owing to the very large 
number of dramatic compositions published in Spain that have 
been sent in for registration in recent years. Many other lan- 
guages of Western Europe are also represented; and in this 
connection attention should also be called to the fact that the 
enormous emigration of recent years has resulted in the publi- 
cation in America of a certain number of dramas in a variety of 
foreign languages. Then, too, translations and adaptations in 
English of foreign dramas are extremely numerous, and these 
are all still foreign in spirit to a greater or less extent. The 
dramas of a famous author are apt to be found represented in 
many and varied forms. Dialect plays are likewise quite a 
noticeable feature of the catalogue. 


In conclusion it may be well to add a few general statements 
concerning the various copyright laws as they have affected the 
registration of dramas from time to time. In the Colonial 
period there were separate copyright provisions for each colony, 
but the use made of these laws was very limited in extent. After 
the formation of the United States of America a uniform copy- 
right law was enacted for the whole country, which was divided 
for administrative purposes into various districts administered 
in the matter of copyright by the respective district courts. 
Many of these latter copyright records are still preserved in the 
Copyright Office at the present time, so that it is possible in 
numerous instances to obtain such information concerning them 
as may be desired by the public. In later years the law pro- 
vided for the annual deposit of the copyright records and copies 
in the Department of State, and later still in the Patent Office 
in Washington, whence by an act of Congress approved July 8, 
1870, they were transferred to the Library of Congress. Broad- 
ly speaking it is, therefore, possible to determine the copyright 
status for any drama registered for protection in the United 
States since the Eevolutionary War. 

George C. Keidel. 

Washington, D. C. 

Fasti Triumphales Populi Eomani, by Ettoee Pais, in two 
parts, 546 pp., 21 plates and several illustrations. Pub- 
lished in Eome, 1920, by A. Nardecchia, Via dell'Univer- 
sita 11. Price 100 lire. 

This publication of the Fasti is by no means a reproduction 
of the German and Austrian volumes on the subject, but offers 
the student much that is new and valuable. Instead of the 
faulty drawings or inadequate reproductions of casts, Professor 
Pais presents excellent photographs of the entire series of 
blocks, and has been able to establish with much accuracy a set 
of formulae for determining the number of missing lines. 

The comprehensive character of the present volume can be 
seen by a glance at the Table of Contents. In the first part is 
an historical introduction of 118 pages, followed by a transcrip- 
tion of the text and 300 pages of comment. The second part 
contains a series of chapters on various problems suggested by 
the Fasti, such as that of the filling in of the lacunae. More 
careful measurements than those hitherto made have led to the 
correction of several errors in the Corpus. 

Other chapters in the second part deal with such questions as 
Triumphs, booty and military gifts (App. VII) ; Eoman tri- 
umphs and river and maritime divinities (App. VIII) ; Con-