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VII.— THE DEEIVATIVES OF SANSKKIT eka. 

Hindi has ek (one) corresponding to Sanskrit eka, and simi- 
lar fc-forms appear in the other Aryan tongues of India. Bloch 
assumes that the Prakrit form, with kk, was borrowed from 
Sanskrit after g had developt from k between vowels, so that 
the k was necessarily reproduced as kk} It seems unlikely, 
however, that such a word could be anything but popular in 
form. Modern Provencial and Walloon have n, between vowels, 
representing Latin unus and una. 2 Likewise eka developt a 
stressless form ka. Here the k, being initial, was not subject to 
change; and its influence caused k to be kept or restored in the 
strest derivative of eka. The form ka is not entirely conjec- 
tural : it is contained in Hindi kaek, Marati kaik (much) < eka- 
eka, and in Kashmiri kah (eleven), equivalent to Hindi igarah, 
Marati akrd < ekddaga. From igarah and similar forms in the 
related languages, it is clear that the initial vowel was some- 
times dropt after eka had changed to *ega, and then partially 
restored under the influence of the strest form. The relation 
of Hindi gydrah and igarah seems to resemble that of Portu- 
guese aipo, limpo, ruivo, and Spanish apio, limpio, rubioj but 
gydrah might also be a composite of *gdrah and a form cor- 
responding to Sindi yaraha, derived from Prakrit ear aha (with a 
normal loss of intervocalic g < k). In Prakrit eg gar aha the gg 
came from a variant with initial g, probably *gdraha for older 
*gddasa, after simple occlusives between vowels had changed to 
fricatives or disappeared. 

Edwin H. Ttjttle. 

North Haven, Conh. 



1 Bloeh, Formation de la langue marathe, §§ 94, 213 (Paris, 1915). 
3 Eoschwitz, Grammaire de la langue des felibres, § 24 (G-reifswald, 
1894) ; Feller, Orthographe wallonne, p. 42 (Liege, 1905). 

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