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Full text of "[untitled] The American Journal of Theology (1917-07-01), page 479"

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Hoesch, John. Infant Baptism — Its Origin among Protestants and the 
Arguments Advanced for and against It. Scottdale, Pa.: Horsch, 1917. 
157 pages. $0.75. 

Students of Anabaptist history will welcome the announcement from Professor 
Horsch that he has in preparation a history of the Anabaptists. As a part of what 
will be this history when completed, the author has decided to issue in advance this 
modest volume, which deals with the issue of infant baptism. Citations are freshly 
quoted to indicate that the reformers — Luther, Zwingli, Vadian, Hofmeister, and 
others — were anti-Paedobaptist until they realized the necessity of infant baptism 
as an adjunct of a state church. Convincing evidence is produced (p. 27) to show 
that Thomas Munzer was not, as has been asserted, the cause of the rise in Switzer- 
land of opposition to Paedobaptism. The significance of public debates as a factor 
in propagating Anabaptism is well presented (chap. vii). Incidentally Zwingli is 
portrayed in a bad light for his attempts to prevent these debates, or for his bullying 
tactics in disputations when they were forced upon him. The arguments by which 
infant baptism was defended are outlined quite fully. Being familiar to scholars, 
this portion of the book is the least interesting. Two valuable documents are in- 
serted — "A Dialogue between Balthasar Hubmaier and Ulrich Zwingli on Infant Bap- 
tism, Based on Zwingli's Book on Baptism," and "Discussion concerning Infant 
Baptism between the Preachers at Basel and Balthaser Hubmaier." The closing 
portions of the book give the views on baptism of Menno Simons, John Calvin, and 
John Wesley. To the diminishing constituency to which a subject of this kind makes 
any appeal a considerable amount of first-hand data is made accessible. The au- 
thor's irenic spirit is to be commended. 

P. G. M. 

Cleveland, Catharine C. The Great Revival in the West, 1795-1805. Chi- 
cago: The University of Chicago Press, 1016. xii+ 215 pages. $1.00. 
Miss Cleveland has had the good fortune, not always enjoyed by candidates for 
the doctor's degree, to devote her energies to an investigation as interesting as it was 
profitable. In point of interest her production will undoubtedly be pronounced a 
success. She has told her story clearly and succinctly. Chapters i, ii, and iii ("The 
Religious Condition of the West Prior to 1800," "The Revival Leaders; Their Teach- 
ings and Methods," "The Spread of the Revival and Its Culmination") will probably 
be universally regarded as the best portions of this investigation. One cannot but 
regret that the writer felt constrained to amplify with such detail and with consid- 
erable dogmatism the "Phenomena of the Revival" (chap, iv), especially since this 
discussion obviously necessitated the specialized equipment of the religious psycholo- 
gist. The results of the Revival scarcely meet expectations. There is only a faint 
appreciation of the broad significance of this religious awakening upon the life of the 
nation as a whole. Probably this defect was inevitable in an investigation confined 
to only a small area of the country. When other students have done correspondingly 
intensive work for New England and the South, the task will then devolve upon some- 
one to interpret the conclusions of these several dissertations in terms of the nation 
as a whole. Particular mention should be made of the appendixes, which contain 
illuminating and interesting documents hitherto inaccessible. A bibliography, well 
arranged, comprehensive, though slightly inaccurate at points, fills an important place 
in historical apparatus. 

P. G. M.