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TYPICAL MIDDLE KINGDOM SCARABS. 
By Garrett Chatfield Pier, 

The University of Chicago. 

The Scarabs I herewith publish are taken either from the col- 
lection now preserved in the Art Institute, Chicago [Murch], or 
from specimens in my own cabinet. As will be seen these are 
all seals used by private persons belonging to the early Middle 
Kingdom whose names and titles they bear. 



















The Inscriptions run as follows: 

1. " Great Chief of a Southern Ten, Neit-hotep." . Spiral design. Wing 

cases inlaid with small golden disks. Obsidian. [Art Institute.] 

2. " Sebek-hotep, son of the [ ] the Ranger for the Table of 

Oiferings, Mentu-hotep." Steatite, white. [P. Coll.] 

3. "Great Chief of a Southern Ten, Wah-Ptah." Spiral design. Stea- 

tite, brown. [Art Institute.] 

41 



42 Hebraioa 

4. "Great Chief of the Southern Tens, Inou-n-ib." Hope Pattern. 

Steatite, blue. [Art Institute.] 

5. "Guardian of the Child, Senb-she-ma" [Remarkable title]. Spiral 

design. Steatite, green gone brown. [Art Institute.] 

6. "Noble of the Suite, Wig Keeper, Duduk." Spiral design. Steatite, 

green. [Art Institute.] 

7. "Keeper of the Great Store Chamber, Hotepy." Spiral design. 

Steatite, blue. [Art Institute.] 

8. " Wab-her-Satet( ?), Son of Khnum-hotep." Steatite, white. 

[Art Institute.] 

9. "Hereditary Prince, Count, Treasurer, Overseer of the House, 

Oldest in the Hall, Sert." Steatite, blue. [Art Institute.] 

10. "Bearer of the Seal, Overseer of the Treasury, Har." Steatite, red. 

[Art Institute.] 

11. "Oldest in the Hall, Pepa." Steatite, brown. [Art Institute.] 

12. "Oldest in the Hall, Dedu." Steatite, blue gone brown. 

[Art Institute.] 

13. "Bearer of the Seal, Keeper of the Palace Court, the Herald, Min- 
- hotep." Steatite, white. [P. Coll.] 

14. "Bearer of the Seal, Overseer of the Palace, the Great Noble, Ptah- 

redu." Steatite, green. [P. Coll.] 

15. "The Ruler, Iqetf Repeater of birth." Steatite, brown. [P. Coll.] 

16. "Bearer of the Seal, Confidential friend of the King, Overseer of the 

Treasury, Nebt-shesh." Steatite, white. [P. Coll.]