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JOURNAL 



AMERICAN ORIENTAL SOCIETY. 



SIXTH VOLUME. 



NEW HAVEN: 
FOR THE AMERICAN ORIENTAL SOCIETY, 

Printed by E. Hayes, Printer to Yale College, 
mdccclx. 



SOLD BY THE SOCIETY S AGENTS : 

NEW YORK : JOHN WILEY, 56 WALKER ST. ; 

LONDON : TRUBNER & CO. ; PARIS : BENJ. DUPRAT ; 

LEIPZIG: F. A. BROCKHAUS. 



COMMITTEE OF PUBLICATION 

OF THE 

AMERICAN ORIENTAL SOCIETY, 
Fob the teaks 1858-60. 



Edward E. Salisbury, 
William D. Whitney, 
Jambs Hadley, 
Ezra Abbot, 
William W. Turner, 



New Haven. 



Cambridge. 
Washington. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year I860, by the 

American Oriental Society, 

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Connecticut. 



CONTENTS 



SIXTH VOLUME. 



Page. 
Art. I. — Analysis and Extracts of 5C+&Sut im'«V S j ^'> Book of 
the Balance of Wisdom, an Aeabio Work on the Water- 

BALANOE, WRITTEN BY 'aL-KhAzIKI IN THE TWELFTH CENTURY. 

By the Chevalier N. Khanikoff, Russian Consul General at Tabriz, 
Persia, 1 

Asa. II. — Observations on the Prepositions, Conjunctions, and otheb 
Particles of the Isizulu and its Cognate Languages. By Rev. 
Lewis Grout, Missionary of the A. B. C. F. M. in South Africa, 129 

Art. III. — Translation of the Surya-SiddhAnta, a Text-Book of Hindu 
Astronomy ; with Notes, and an Appendix. By Rev. Ebenezeb 
Burgess, formerly Missionary of the A. B. C. F. M. in India, 
assisted by the Committee of Publication 141 

Art. IV. — Two Sanskrit Inscription's, engraven on stone: the Original 
Texts, with Translations and Comments. By Fitz-Edward Hall, 
Esq.,M.A 499 

Art. V. — Three Sanskrit Inscriptions, relating to Grants of Land : 
the Original Texts, Translations, and Notes. By Fitz-Edward 
Hall, Esq., M. A., 638 

Art. VI. — A Greek Inscription from Daphne, near Antioch, in Syria. 

By James Hadley, Professor of Greek in Yale College 550 

Art. VII. — On the Arya-Siddhanta. By Fitz-Edward Hall, Esq., M. A. 
[with an Additional Note on Aryabhatta and his Writings, by the 
Committee of Publication] 656 



11 
Miscellanies : 

Page. 

I. Inverted Construction of Modern Armenian. By Rev. Elias Riggs, D.D., 665 
II. On Dr. S. W. Williams's Chinese Dictionary. By Rev. William A. 

Maot ■. 666 

III. On the Natural Limits of Ancient Oriental History. By Prof. James 

Moffat, D.D 671 

IV. Extracts feom Coebespondence : 

1. From a Letter of Rev. Justin Perkins, D. D., of Orumiah, 574 

2. From a Letter of Prof. C. J. Tornberg, of the University of Lund, 574 
8. From a Letter of Raja Rddhdhanta Deva Bahddur, of Calcutta, 576 
4. From a Letter of John Muir, Msq., D.C.L., of Edinburgh (to F. E. 

Hall,Esq), 576 

American Oriental Society : 

I. Select Minutes of Meetings of the Society, 677 

II. Additions to the Library and Cabinet, October, 1866 — May, 1860, . . . 688 
III. List of Members, May, I860, 607 



List of MemberSi 



607 



III. List of Members. 

Mat, I860. 



1. CORPORATE MEMBERS. 
Names marked with t are those of Life Members. 



Ezba Abbot, Jr., 
Prof. Charles A. Aiken, 
Rev. William R. Alger, 
Rev. David O. Allen, 
Pres. Martin B. Anderson, 
Rev. Rufus Anderson, 
Rev. C. W. Andrews, 
George B. Bacon, 
Prof. Henry M. Baird, 
Prof. Elisha Ballantine, 
Prof. Elijah P. Barrows, 
John R. Bartlett, 
Prof. Charles Beck, 
Rev. Hiram Bingham, 
Rev. George W. Blagden, 
Prof. James J. Blaisdell, 
Prof. James R. Boise, 
Charles L. Brace, 
Fisk P. Brewer, 
Rev. Charles H. Brigham, 
Prof. Samuel G. Brown, 
Rev. Samuel R. Brown, 
William C. Bryant, 
Rev. Ebenezer Burgess, 
Prof. Henry C. Cameron, 
Prof. William H. Campbell, 
Dr. Elbert H. Champlin, 
Pres. Aaron L. Chapin, 
Pliny E. Chase, 
Josiah Clark, 
Rev. James F. Clarke, 
{Joseph G. Cogswell, 
Rev. Henry M. Colton, 
Alexander I. Cotheal, 
Prof. Alpheus Crosby, 
Prof. Howard Crosby, 
Pres. E. A. Dalrymple, 
Prof. James D. Dana, 
Prof. George E. Day, 
John W. Deforest, 
Charles R. Degen, 
Rev. James T. Dickinson, 
Epes S. Dixwell, 



Cambridge, Mass. 
Hanover, N. H. 
Boston. 
Lowell, Mass. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Boston. 

Shepherdstown, Va. 
New Haven. 
New York. 
Bloomington, Ind. 
Andover, Mass. 
Providence, R. I. 
Cambridge, Mass. 
New Haven. 
Boston. 
Beloit, Wise. 
Ann Arbor, Mich. 
New York. 
New Haven. 
Taunton, Mass. 
Hanover, N. H. 
Auburn, N. Y. 
New York. 
Boston. 

Princeton, N. J. 
New Brunswick, N. J. 
New York. 
Beloit, Wise. 
Philadelphia. 
Easthampton, Mass. 
Jamaica Plain, Mass. 
New York. 
Middletown, Conn. 
New York. 
Salem, Mass. 
New Brunswick, N. J. 
Baltimore. 
New Haven. 
Walnut Hill, O. 
New Haven. 
New York. 
Middlefield, Conn. 
Cambridge, Mass. 



608 



American Oriental Society : 



Prof. Henry Dbisleb, 
Samuel F. Dunlap, 
Bev. Benjamin W. Dwight, 
Prof. Theodore W. Dwiqht, 
Prof. Charles Elliott, 
Balph W. Emebson, 
Bev. Charles C. Everett, 
Edwabd Everett, 

BlOHARD S. FeLLOWES, 

Pres. Cornelius C. Felton, 
Chanc. Isaac Feeris, 
Bev. Henry M. Field, 
Prof. George P. Fisher, 
Charles Folsom, 
George Folsom, 

Comm'r Andrew H. Foote, U.S.N., 
1-John M. Forbes, 
Dwight Foster, 
Prof. William C. Fowler, 
Prof. Convers Francis, 
Prof. Josiah W. GIBBS, 
Prof. Basil L. Gildersleeve, 
Daniel C. Gilman, 
tCapt. James Glynn, U.S.N., 
Prof. William W. Goodwin, 
John A. C. Gray, 
Bev. David Green, 
Prof. W. Henry Greek, 
Prof. George W. Greene, 
Prof. Arnold Guyot, 
Prof. Henry H Hadley, 
Prof. James Hadley, 
Prof. S. Stehman Haldeman, 
Bev. Edward E. Hale, 
Fitz-Edwabd Hall, 
Alpheus Haedy, 
Prof. Gessnee Harrison, 
Samuel F. Haven, 
Prof. Frederick D. Hedge, 
Prof. Boswell D. Hitchcock, 
William B. Hodgson, 
Bev. Frederick W. Holland, 
Henry A. Homes, 
Nathaniel L. Hooper, 
Fisher Howe, 
Joseph Howland, 
Prof. William Irvin, 
Prof. Melanchthon W. Jacobvs, 
Charles W. Jenks, 
+Prof. Joseph W. Jenks, 
tBev. William Jenks, 
Prof. Charles C. Jewett, 



New York. 

New York. 

Clinton, N. Y. 

New York. 

Oxford, O. 

Concord, Mass. 

Bangor, Me. 

Boston. 

New Haven. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

New York. 

New York. 

New Haven. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

New York. 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Boston. 

Worcester, Mass. 

Durham Centre, Conn. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

New Haven. 

University of Virginia. 

New Haven. 

New Haven. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

New York. 

Windsor, Vt. 

Princeton, N. J. 

New York. 

Princeton, N. J. 

New York. 

New Haven. 

Columbia, Pa. 

Boston. 

India. 

Boston. 

Albemarle Co., Va. 

Worcester, Mass. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

New York. 

Savannah, Ga. 

East Cambridge, Mass. 

Albany, N. Y. 

Boston. 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Fishkill, N. Y. 

New Brunswick, N. J. 

Allegheny City, Pa. 

Boston. 

Boston. 

Boston. 

Boston. 



List of Members. 



609 



Prof. Ebenezeb A. Johnson, 

Kev. Edwabd C. Jones, 

Prof. Asahel C. Kendrick, 

William L. Kjngslbt, 

Rev. Edwabd N. Kibe, 

Prof. Geobge M. Lane, 

J. Peteb Leslet, 

Prof. Tatleb Lewis, 

Prof. Alexandeb MaoWhobteb, 

RlCHABD C. McCOBMICK, 

Rev. J. H. McIlvaine, 
Rev. John A Mebbick, 
tRev. James L. Mebbick, 
Prof. James C. Moffat, 
Geobge H. Moobb, 
Rev. T. V. Moobe, 
Rev. Mask Mubpht, 
Chables E. Norton, 
Rev. Samuel Osgood, 
Prof. John J. Owen, 
Prof. Joseph Packabd, 
Dr. Peter Parker, 
Rev. Solomon Peck, 

tGBEGORT A. PeBDICABIS, 

Dr. Chables Pickebing, 
Rev. Swan L. Pombot, 
Henbt W. Poole, 
George W. Pratt, 
William C. Prime, 
Prof. John Proudfit, 
Prof. John N. Putnam, 
William A Reynolds, 
tProf. Edward Robinson, 
Geobge R. Russell, 
D. Waldo Salisbubt, 
Prof. Edwabd E. Salisbubt, 
Stephen Salisbubt, 
Frank B. Sanbobn, 
Prof. Philip Schaff, 
Prof. M. Schele de Vebe, 
David C. Scuddeb, 
Prof. Julius H. Seeltb, 
Oswald SeidenstOcker, 
Charles Short, 
Prof. M. J. Smead, 
Rev. Cornelius B. Smith, 
Prof. Henbt B. Smith, 
J. Hosford Smith, 
Rev. Thomas Smtth, 
Reinhold Solger, 
Prof. Evangelinus A 8ophocles, 
Prof Jesse A Spencer, 

vol. vi. 78 



New York. 

Philadelphia. 

Rochester, N. T. 

New Haven. 

Boston. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

Philadelphia. 

Schenectady, N. T. 

Troy, N. T. 

New York. 

Rochester, N. Y. 

Paris, Ky. 

So. Amherst, Mass. 

Princeton, N. J. 

New York. 

Richmond, Va. 

New Brighton, N. Y. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

New York. 

New York. 

Theol. Sem'y, Fairfax Co., Va 

Washington. 

Boston. 

Trenton, N. J. 

Boston. 

Boston. 

Boston. 

New York. 

New York. 

New Brunswick, N. J. 

Hanover, N. H. 

Philadelphia. 

New York. 

Jamaica Plain, Mass, 

Boston. 

New Haven. 

Worcester, Mass. 

Concord, Mass. 

Mercersburg, Pa. 

University of Virginia. 

Boston. 

Amherst, Mass. 

Philadelphia. 

Philadelphia 

Richmond, Va. 

New York. 

New York. 

New York. 

Charleston, S. C. 

Roxbury, Mass. 

Cambridge, Mass. 

New York. 



610 



American Oriental Society : 



Chables Stoddabd, 
Rev. Charles A. Stoddabd, 
Rev. Collins Stone, 
tWiLLiAM W. Stone, 
Prof. Calvin E. Stowb, 
John Tappan, 
Bataed Tatlok, 
Rev. James B. Tatlob, 
Dr. Samuel H. Taylor, 
Prof. Thomas A. Thacheb, 
Rev. Joseph P. Thompson, 
Charles Tract, 
Rev. Selah B. Treat, 
Prof. Samuel H. Turner, 
Prof. William S. Tyler, 
Rev. Stephen H. Tyng, 
William J. Vaughn, 
Rev. Thomas E. Vermilte, 
Rev. Ferdinand De W. Ward, 
Rev. Joseph Warren, 
Rev. George T. Washbubn, 
Richard P. Waters, 
Rev. John Wheeler, 
Prof. Andrew T. White, 
Dr. Moses C White, 
Prof. Josiah D. Whitney, 
Prof. William D. Whitney, 
Dr. Joseph Wilson, U.S.N., 
Rev. John L. Wilson, 
Prof. Samuel J. Wilson, 
Rev. George W. Wood, 
Pres. Theodore D. Woolsey, 
Dr. Joseph E. Worcester, 



Boston, 
Boston. 
Columbus, O. 
New York. 
Andover, Mass. 
Boston. 
New York. 
Richmond, Va. 
Andover, Mass. 
New Haven. 
New York. 
New York. 
Boston. 
New York. 
Amherst, Mass. 
New York. 
Tuscaloosa, Ala. 
New York. 
Geneseo, N. Y. 
Quincy, 111. 
South India. 
Salem, Mass. 
Burlington, Vt. 
Ann Arbor, Mich. 
New Haven. 
Northampton, Mass. 
New Haven. 
Philadelphia. 
New York. 
Allegheny City, Pa. 
New York. 
New Haven. 
Cambridge, Mass. 



Omitted from the List last published, Oct. 1856. 
*Dr. Henry W. Wales, Boston. 



Deceased 

Prof. Ethan A. Andrews, 
Geobge R. Gliddon, 
Rev. A. L. Holladay, 
Charles Kraitsir, 
Rev. William A. Mact, 
Rev. Theodore Parkeb, 
Prof. William W. Tubner, 
Hon. Sidney Willabd, 



October, 1856. 

New Britain, Conn. 
Mobile, Ala. 
Charlottesville, Va. 
Boston. 
Shanghai. 
Boston. 
Washington. 
Cambridge. 



List of Members. 



611 



2. CORRESPONDING MEMBERS. 



Rev. John C. Adamson, 

Rev. Henry Ballantinb, 

Jambs R. Ballanttne, 

Rev. Cephas Bennett, 

Rev. William A. Benton, 

Otto Blau, 

William H. I. Bleek, 

Rev. Heney Blodgett, 

Bishop William J. Boone, 

Chaeles W. Bradley, 

Rev. Elijah C. Bridgman, 

Prof. Heemann Bbockhaus, 

John P. Brown, 

Rev. Nathan Brown. 

Heinrich Brugsch, 

Rev. Albert Bushnell, 

Rev. Simeon H. Calhoun, 

J. Cob, 

Rev. E. B. Cross, 

Rev. Charles H. A. Dall, 

Prof. August Dillmann, 

Rev. Jacob L. Dohne, 

Rev. Harrison G. 0. Dwight, 

Rev. James H. Dwiqht, 

Rev. William B. Dwight, 

Rev. Cornelius V. A. Van Dxok, M.D., 

Prof. Romeo Elton, 

Prof. Gustav Flu gel, 

Rev. J. Edwards Ford, 

Dr. S. Feankel, 

Rev. JOGACHUNDER GANG0OLY, 

Rev. William Goodell, 

Rev. Lewis Geout, 

Max Gbunbaum, 

Rev. Cybus Hamlin, 

Rev. C. C Hoffmann, 

Prof. C. A. Holmboe, 

Dr. Samuel R. House, 

James J. Jarves, 

Rev. Heney H. Jessup, 

Rev. J. W. Johnson, 

Rev. Geoege Jones, U.S.N. 

Prof. Mieza Kasem Beg, 

Chev. Nicholas Khanikoff, 

Rev. Jonas King, 

Petek I. von Koeppen, 

L. Leon de Rosny, 

P. E. LeVaillant de Flobival, 

Dr. D. J. Macgowan, 



New York. 

Missionary at Ahmednuggur, India. 

Benares, India. 

Missionary at Maulmain, Farther India. 

Missionary at Bhamdun, Syria. 

Trebizond. 

Port Natal, S. Afr. 

Missionary at Shanghai, China. 

Missionary at Shanghai, China. 

Ningpo, China. 

Missionary at Shanghai, China. 

Leipzig. 

Constantinople. 

Berlin. 

Missionary at Gaboon, W. Afr. 

Missionary at Abeih, Syria. 

Constantinople. 

Missionary at Tavoy, Farther India. 

Missionary at Calcutta. 

Kiel. 

Missionary at Table Mountain, S. Afr. 

Missionary at Constantinople. 

Constantinople. 

Constantinople. 

Missionary at Beirut, Syria. 

Exeter, England. 

Dresden. 

Missionary at Beirut, Syria. 

Jerusalem. 

Calcutta. 

Missionary at Constantinople. 

Missionary at Umsunduzi, S. Afr. 

New York. 

Missionary at Constantinople. 

Missionary at Cape Palmas, W. Afr. 

Christiania, Norway. 

Missionary at Bangkok, Siam. 

Florence, Italy. 

Missionary at Tripoli, Syria. 

Missionary at Hongkong, China. 

St. Petersburg. 

St. Petersburg. 

Missionary at Athena. 

St. Petersburg. 

Paris. 

Paris. 

Missionary at Ningpo, China. 



612 



American Oriental Society : 



Dr. Edward M'Gowan, 

Rev. Dwight W, Mabbh, 

Rev. William A. P. Martin, 

Rev. Fbancis Mason, 

Dr. D. B. M'Cabtee, 

Thomas T. Meadows, 

Rev. Benjamin C. Meigs, 

Dr, A. D. Mobdtmann, 

Rev. Homer B. Mobgan, 

John Muib, 

Prof. Max Mulleb, 

Bishop John Payne, 

Rev. Justin Pebkins, 

James W. Redhousb, 

Adolphe Regnieb, 

Ebnest Renan, 

Rev. Samuel A Rhea, 

Rev. Elias Riggs, 

Dr. G. Rosen, 

Prof. Rudolph Roth, 

Rev, William G. Schauffler, 

Rev. Henry M. Sgudder, 

Rev. William W. Souddeb, 

Rev. William H. Steele, 

Henry Stevens, 

Rev. William Tracy, 

Rev. William M. Thomson, 

Rev. Henry J. Van Lennep, 

Rev. DANrEL Vrooman, 

Rev. William Walker, 

Rev. Edwabd Webb, 

Prof. Albbecht Webeb, 

Prof. Gustav Weil, 

Dr. Samuel W. Williams, 

Rev. W. Frederic Williams, 

Rev. Miron Winslow, 

William Winthrop, 

Rev. Austin H. Wright, M.D., 



Jerusalem. 

Missionary at Mosul. 

Missionary at Ningpo, China. 

Missionary at Toungoo, Farther India. 

Missionary at Ningpo, China, 

Ningpo, China, 

Missionary to Ceylon. 

Constantinople. 

Missionary at Antioch, Syria. 

Edinburgh. 

Oxford. 

Missionary at Cape Palmas, W. Afr. 

Missionary at Ordmiah, Persia. 

Constantinople. 

Paris. 

Paris. 

Missionary in Kurdistan. 

Missionary at Constantinople. 

Jerusalem, 

Tubingen. 

Missionary at Constantinople, 

Missionary in Southern India. 

Missionary in Southern India. 

Newark, N. J. 

London. 

Missionary at Pasumalie, S. India, 

Missionary in Syria. 

Missionary at Tocat, Turkey in Asia, 

Missionary at Canton. 

Missionary at Baraka, W. Afr. 

Missionary at Dindigul, S. India, 

Berlin. 

Heidelberg. 

Canton. 

Missionary at Mosul. 

Missionary at Madras, India. 

Malta. 

Missionary at Orumiah, Persia, 



Deceased since October, 1856. 



Rev. William Aitchison, 
Dr. Henry A. De Forrest, 
Rev. Henry R. Hoisington, 
Rev. Eli Smith, 
Rev. David T. Stoddard, 



Missionary at Shanghai, China. 
Stockbridge, Mass. 
Centre Brook, Conn. 
Missionary at Beirut, Syria, 
Missionary at Orumiah, Persia, 



List of Members. 



613 



3. HONORARY MEMBERS. 



RAja Apurva Krishna Bahadur, 


Calcutta. 


James Bird, 


London. 


Prof. Otto Bohtlingk, 


St. Petersburg. 


Sir John Bowring, 


Hongkong. 


Prof. Franz Bopp, 


Berlin. 


Richard Clarke, 


London. 


Prof. Heinrich von Ewald, 


Gdttingen. 


M. Champollion Figeac, 


Paris. 


Prof. Georg Wilhelm Frettag, 


Bonn. 


His Excellency Fcad Effendi, 


Constantinople. 


Julius Furst, 


Leipzig. 


Prof. Jacob Grimm, 


Berlin. 


Brian Houghton Hodgson, 


Dursley, England. 


Prof. Stanislas Julien, 


Paris. 


Rev. John Dunmore Lang, 


Sidney, N. S. Wales. 


Prof. Christian Lassen, 


Bonn. 


Prof Richard Lepsius, 


Berlin. 


Due de Lutnes, 


Paris. 


Prof. Julius Mohl, 


Paris. 


Prof. Julius Heinrich Petebmann, 


Berlin. 


Prof. August Friedrich Pott, 


Halle. 


Kaja RAdhAkAnta Deva BahAdub, 


Calcutta. 


Prof. Reinaud, 


Paris. 


Prof. Emilius Rodiger, 


Halle. 


Prof. Friedrich Ruckert, 


Coburg. 


His Excellency Safvet Effendi, 


Constantinople. 


Prof. Garcin de Tasst, 


Paris. 


Prof. C. J. TORNBERG, 


Lund. 


Sir J. Gardiner Wilkinsok, 


London. 


Deceased since October, 1856. 


Baron Joseph von Hammeh-Pubgstall, 


Vienna. 


Baron Alexander von Humboldt, 


Berlin. 


Prof Karl Ritter, 


Berlin. 


Prof. Horace Batman Wilson, 


London.