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JOURNAL 



OF THE 



AIEEICAN OBIENTAL SOCIETY. 



FOURTH VOLUME. 



NEW YORK: 

PUBLISHED FOR THE SOCIETY 

BY 

GEORGE P. PUTNAM & Co. 10 Park Place. 



MDOOOLIV. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1854, by the 

AMEnrcAN Oriental Society, 

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Connecticut. 



new haven: 

printed by b. l. hamlen, 

Printer to Yale College. 



CONTENTS 



FOURTH VOLUME. 



Page. 

Additions to the Library and Cabinet of the American Oriental 
Society, Feb., 1853 — July, 1854 , i-xiv 

List of the Members of the American Oriental Society, corrected 
to July, 1854, xv 

Select Minutes of Meetings of the Society xxiii 

Art. L — Tattuva-Kattalei, Law of the Tattuvam. A Synopsis 
of the Mystical Philosophy of the Hindus, translated 
from the Tamil, with Notes, by Rev. Henry R. Hoisington, 
Missionary of the American Board in Ceylon, 1 

Art. H. — Siva-Gn.a\na-Potham, Instruction in the Knowledge of 
God. A Metaphysical and Theological Treatise, trans- 
lated from the Tamil, with an Introduction and Notes, by 
Rev. Henry R. Hoisington, Missionary of the American 
Board in Ceylon, 31 

Art. HI. — Mdlamcli, or the Bdddhist Genesis of Eastern India, 
from the Shan, through the Talaing and Burman, by 
Rev. Francis Mason, M. D., Missionary of the American 
Baptist Missionary Union in Burma, 103 

Miscellanies : 

L Orthography of Armenian and Turkish Proper Names 119 

TL. On the Malalengara, 122 



IV 

Page. 
Art. IV. — Siva-PieakIsam, Light of Sivan, a Metaphysical and 

Theological Treatise, translated from the Tami}, with 

Notes, by Eev. Henry E. Hoisington, Missionary of the 

American Board in Ceylon, 125 

Art. V. — On the History of the Vedic Texts, by "William D. 

"Whitney 246 

Art. VI. — The State and Prospects of the English Language in 
India, by Eev. David 0. Allen, D. D., Missionary of the 
American Board in India, 263 

Art. VIL — The Talaing Language, by Eev. Francis Mason, M. D., 
Missionary of the American Baptist Missionary Union in 
Burma, 277 

Art. VIIL — On the Karens, by Eev. E. B. Cross, Missionary of the 

American Baptist Missionary Union in Burma, 289 

Art. IX. — Comparative Vocabulary of the Sgau and Pwo Karen 
Dialects, by Rev. Nathan Brown, Missionary of the Amer- 
ican Baptist Missionary Union in Asam, 817 

Art. X. — Chinese Local Dialects Reduced to "Writing, by Eev. 
Moses C. "White, Missionary of the Methodist Episcopal 
Missionary Society at Fuhchau ; to which is appended an 
Outline of the System Adopted for Romanizing the 
Dialect of Amoy, by Hon. Charles "W. Bradley, late 
Consul of the United States at Amoy, 327 

Art. XI. — Treaty between the United States of America and the 
Sultan of Maskat : the Arabic Text accompanied with a 
Translation and Introduction by Alexander L Ootheal, . . 341 

Art. XII. — Notice of a Life of Alexander the Great, translated 
from the Syriac by Eev. Dr. Justin Perkins, Missionary of 
the American Board among the Nestorians, with extracts 
from the same, by Theodore D. "Woolsey, President of 
Vale College, 367 



V 

Miscellanies : 

Page. 
I. Translatibn of the Fermdn granted by Sultdn 'Abd-ul-Mejeed to 

his Protestant Subjects, 443 

IL The so-called Nestorian Monument of Singan-fu, 444 

III. Some Characteristics of the Shemitic and Japhetic Families of 

Languages, applied to the Classification of the Languages of 

Southern Africa 445 

IV. Letter from Rev. Dr. J. L. Krapf, 449 

V. Grammar and Dictionary of the Zulu Language, 456 

VI. The Law of Storms in Chinese, 456 

VII. Bibliographical Notices: 

1. Lepsius on the First Order of Egyptian Deities, ±5*1 

2. Vullers' New Persian Lexicon 462 

3. New Sanskrit Lexicon, 464 

4. Benfexjs Manual of the Sanskrit Language, 466 

VIII. Letter from H. Lobdell, M. D., Missionary at MosiX, respecting 

some Recent Discoveries at Koyunjilc, 472 



COMMITTEE OF PUBLICATION 
foe 1853—1854. 
Edward E. Salisbury, 
Josiah W. Gibbs, 
Charles Beck, 
William D. Whitney. 



If. B. In Vol. iii. Article iv., being a Catalogue of works in the Armenian 
language, the following corrections are to be made : 

In the directions for pronunciation (p. 245), erase the line " it ... as the 
German 6 ;" and throughout the Catalogue, wherever u occurs, make it simple 
«, having the sound of short u in but. 

Also, wherever in the Catalogue a name ends in tiun, erase the i, and pro- 
nounce the u like the French u, according to the directions for pronunciation. 

H. G. 0. Dwight. 

Constantinople, Mar. 1. 1854. 



MISCELLANIES. 



MISCELLANIES. 



LIST OF THE MEMBERS 



OF THE 



AMERICAN ORIENTAL SOCIETY. 

(Corrected to July, 1854.) 



MEMBEES 



AMERICAN ORIENTAL SOCIETY. 



CORPORATE MEMBERS. 



Ezra Abbott, Jr., 
Prof. G. J. Adler, 
Dr. Henry J. Anderson, 
Rev. Dr. Rotus Anderson, 
Prof. Ethan A. Andrews, 
Prof. Charles Bece, 
Rev. Hiram Bingham, 
Rev. Isaac Bird, 
Rev. Samuel R Brown, 
Eliot Bobritt, 
Dr. Joseph G. Cogswell, 
Alexander I. Cotheal, 
Prof. Alpheus Crosbt, 
Prof. Howard Crosbt, 
Hon. Caleb Gushing, 
Prof. George E. Day, 
Epes S. Dixwell, 
George B. Dixwell, 
John J. Dixwell, 
*Peter S. Duponceau, 
Rev. Dr. John P. Durbin, 
*Rev. Dr. Bela B. Edwards, 
Prof. Romeo Elton, 
*Hon. Alexander H. Everett, 
Hon. Edward Everett, 
Prof. Cornelius C. Felton, 
vol. IV. 



Cambridge, Mass. 
New York. 

Boston. 

New Britain, Ct. 
Cambridge, Mass. 
New Haven. 
Hartford. 
Owasco, N. T. 
Worcester, Mass. 
New York. 

Newburyport, Mass. 
New York. 
Washington. 
Cincinnati. 
Cambridge, Mass. 
Boston. 

Philadelphia. 

Andover, Mass. 
Exeter, England. 
Boston. 

Cambridge, Mass. 



XV1U 



Charles Folsom, 
John M. Forbes, 

FRANCIS GARDNER, 

Prof JosrAH W. Gibbs, 
George R. Gliddon, 
Rev. David Greek, 
"William W. Greenoitgh, 
Prof. Arnold Guyot, 
Prof. James Hadley, 

RlCHAED K. HAIGHT, 

Horatio E. Hale. 

Prof. Fitz-Edward Hall, 

Prof. Ges9ner Harrison, 

Rev. Dr. Francis L. Hawks, 

Stanislas Hernisz. 

William B. Hodgson, 

Rev. Samuel Hdtchings, 

James J. Jarves, 

*Rev. Dr. S. Farmar Jarvis, 

Joseph W. Jenks, 

Rev. Dr. William Jenks, 

Prof. C. C. Jewett, 

*Pro£ James L. Kingsley, 

Charles Kraitsik, 

Prof George M. Lane, 

Prof Francis Lieber, 

Prof. John L. Lincoln, 

Lieut. William F. Lynch, U.S.N. 

Rev. William A. Macy, 

Hon. George P. Marsh, 

Rev. James L. Merrick, 

*Edward Moore, 

*Dr. Samoel G. Morton, 

Rev. Dr. James Murdoch, 

Rev. Mark Murphy, 

Prof. John J. Owen, 

Rev. Theodore Parker, 

Rev. Dr. Solomon Peck, 

Gregory A. Perdicaris, 

Dr. Charles Pickering, 

*Hon, John Pickering, 

Rev. Dr. Swan L. Pomroy, 



Cambridge, Mass. 

Boston. 
<( 

New Haven. 
Philadelphia, 
Windsor, Vt 
Boston, 

Cambridge, Mass. 
New Haven. 
New York. 

Benares, India. 
Charlottesville, Va. 
New York. 

New York. 
New Haven. 
Boston. 

Middletown, Ct. 
Boston. 

Washington. 
New Haven. 
Boston. 

Cambridge, Mass. 
Columbia, S. C. 
Providence. 



New York. 
Burlington, Vt. 
South Amherst, 
Newport, R. L 
Philadelphia. 
New Haven. 
Staten Island. 
New York. 
Boston. 

Newark, N. J. 
Boston. 



XIX 



George "W. Pratt, 

Rev. Chandler Robbins, 

Rev. Dr. Edward Robinson, 

Prof. Edward E. Salisbury, 

Rev. Dr. Barnas Sears, 

Charles Short, 

Prof. J. M. Smead, 

Evangelinus A. Sophocles, 

Prof. Jesse A. Spencer, 

"William W. Stone, 

Prof. Calvin E. Stowe, 

*Prof. Moses Stuart, 

Rev. James B. Taylor, 

*Rev. Oliver A. Taylor, 

Samuel H. Taylor, 

*Rev. Daniel Temple, 

Prof. Thomas A. Thachib, 

Rev. Selah B. Treat, 

Rev. Dr. Samuel H. Turner, 

"William W. Turner, 

Rev. Ferdinand De W. Ward, 

Rev. Pres. Francis Wayland, 

*Noah Webster, 

Prof. "William D. Whitney, 

Hon. Sidney "Willard, 

Rev. George "W. Wood, 

Rev. Pres. Leonard "Woods, Jr., 

Rev. Pres. Theodore D. "Woolsey, 

Joseph E. Worcester, 



New York. 
Boston. 
New York. 
New Haven. 
Newton Centre, Mass. 
Philadelphia- 
Williamsburg, Va. 
Cambridge, Mass. 
New York. 

Andover, Mass. 

Richmond. 
Manchester, Mass. 
Andover, " 
Reading, " 

New Haven. 
Boston. 
New York. 
"Washington. 
Geneseo, N. Y. 
Providence. 
New Haven. 

Cambridge, Mass. 
New York. 
Brunswick, Me. 
New Haven. 
Cambridge, Mass. 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS. 



Rev. Dr. J. C. Adamson, 
Rev. David 0. Allen, 
Rev. Henry Ballantinb, 
Dr. James R Ballantyne, 
Rev. Cephas Bennett, 
Rev. William A. Benton, 

Hon. Charles W. Bradley, 



New York. 
Missionary in India. 

Benares. 

Missionary in Burma. 
" Syria. 

( Consul of the U. States at Sings 
( pore. 



XX 



Rev. Dr. Elijah 0. Bbidqman, 

John P. Bbown, 

Rev. Nathan Bbown, 
Dr. Heinbioh Bbugsch, 
*Rev. James C. Bbyant, 
Rev. Ebenezee Bubgess, 
Rev. Albert Bushnell, 
Rev. Simeon H. Calhoun, 

Mons. J. Coe, 

Rev. E B. Ceoss, 

Rev. Haeeison G. 0. Dwight, 

Rev. Cobnelius V. A. Van Dyok, M.D., 

Dr. Henev A. De Foeest, 

Prof. Gustav Futegel, 

Rev. William Goodell, 

Rev. Lewis Gboct, 

Dr. J. G. GUNTHEB, 

Rev. Cyeds Hamlin, 
Rev. Heney R. Hoisington, 
Prof. C. A. Holmboe, 
Rev. Heney A. Homes, 
Rev. Geoege Jones, U. S. N. 
*Rev. John T. Jones, 
*Rev. Adonieam Judson, 
Prof. Mieza Kasem Beg, 
Rev. Dwight W. Mabsh, 
Rev. Fbancis Mason, 

Rev. Peteb Paekeb, M. D., 

Rev. Dr. Justin Peekins, 
Rev. Dr. Daniel Pooe, 

James W. Redhouse, 

Rev. Elias Riggs, 

Prof. Rudolph Roth, 

Rev. William G. Schacfflkb, 

Rev. William W. Socddeb, 

*Dr. Azaeiah Smith, 

Rev. Dr. Eli Smith, 

Rev. William H. Steele. 



Missionary in China. 
( Dragoman of the U. States Lega- 
( tion at the Ottoman Porte. 
Missionary is Asam. 
Berlin. 

Missionary in South Africa. 
India. 
" West Africa. 

" Syria, 

j First Dragoman of the French 
( Embassy at the Ottoman Porte. 
Missionary in Burma. 
" Turkey. 

" Syria. 

tt u 

Meissen, Saxony. 
Missionary in Turkey. 

" South Africa. 

Roxbury, Mass. 
Missionary in Turkey. 
Williamstown, Mass. 
Christiania, Norway. 
Boston. 

Missionary in Siam. 

" Burma. 

St. Petersburg. 
Missionary in Mosul. 
" Burma, 

( Secretary and Interpreter of the 
( U. States Legation in China. 
Missionary in Persia. 
" Ceylon. 

( Principal of the Bureau of Inter- 
■j preters of the Ottoman Impe- 
( rial Diwan. 
Missionary in Turkey. 
Tubingen, Wiirtemburg. 
Missionary in Turkey. 
India. 
" Turkey. 

" Syria. 



XXI 



Rev. David T. Stoddard, 

Rev. William Tracy, 

Rev. William M. Thomson, 

Rev. William Walker, 

Dr. Albrecht Weber, 

Prof. Gustav Weil, 

Rev. M. 0. White, 

Dr. Samuel Wells Williams. 

Rev. John L. Wilson, 

Rev. Miron Winslcw, 

William Wintheop, 

Rev. Austin H. Wright, M. D., 



Missionary in Persia. 

" India. 

" Syria. 

" West Africa. 

Berlin. 

Heidelberg, Baden. 
Missionary in China. 

it u 

" West Africa. 

" India. 

Consul of the IT. States in Malta. 
Missionary in Persia. 



HONORARY MEMBERS. 



Maha Raja ApOrva Krishna Bahadur, 


Calcutta. 


James Bird, 


Bombay. 


Dr. Otto Boehtlingk, 


St Petersburg. 


Sir John Bowring, 


Hongkong. 


Prof Franz Bopp, 


Berlin. 


*Prof. Eugene Burnouf, 


Paris. 


Richard Clarke, 


London. 


Prof. George Heine. Aug. Von Ewald, 


Gottingen. 


Prof. Forbes Falconer, 


London. 


M. Champollion Figeac, 


Paris. 


Prof. George Wilhelm Freytag, 


Bonn, Prussia. 


His Excellency Fuad Effendi, 


Constantinople. 


Dr. Julius Fuerst, 


Leipzig, Saxony. 


*Prof. Wilhelm Gesendjs, 


Halle, 


Prof. Jacob Grimm, 


Berlin. 


Baron Von Hammer-Purgstall, 


Vienna. 


*Count Graeberg Da Hemsoe, 


Florence. 


Baron Alexander Von Humboldt, 


Berlin. 


*Count Amkdee Jaubert, 


Paris. 


Prof. Stanislas Julien, 


K 


Rev. Dr. John Dunmore Lang, 


Sidney, N. S. Wales. 


Prof. Christian Lassen, 


Bonn, Prussia. 


Prof. Richard Lepsius, 


Berlin. 


Prof. Julius Mohl, 


Paris. 



xxu 



Prof Junes Heine. Peteevann, Berlin. 

•Dr. James Cottles Peiohaed, Bristol, England. 

Maha Raja RaddhakAnta Deva, Calcutta. 

Prof. Eeinaud, Paris. 

Prof. Cabl Rittee, Berlin. 

Prof. Emiuds Roedigee, Halle, Prussia; 

*Count Ippolito Rosselmni, Pisa, Tuscany. 

Prof. Feiedeich Rueokeet, Berlin. 

His Excellency Safvet Effendi, Constantinople. 

Prof. Garcin De Tasst, Paris. 

Prof. C. J. Toenbkeg, TJpsaL 

*Sir Henby W. Tobbens, Calcutta, 

*Prof. Wilhelm Maetin Liebb. De 'Wettb, BaseL 

Sir J. Gaedineb Wilkinson, London. 

Prof. Hoeace Hatmon Wilson, Oxford.