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Julien's manuscript dictionary of the Manchu language
Sinologists may be interested in knowing that the Cleveland
Public Library has just received, in its John G. "White Collection
of Folk-lore and Orientalia, an unpublished manuscript diction-
ary of the Manchu language, prepared by the great Chinese
scholar, Stanislas Julien. This manuscript the Library referred
to Dr. Berthold Laufer of the Field Columbian Museum, from
whose letter has been taken, with his kind permission, the fol-
'The manuscript bears the title "Vocabulaire Tartare-Mand-
chou. Contenant la traduction de tous les mots tartares-mand-
chou employes dans la version de Meng tseu' par l'Emp. Khian
loung." Opposite the title-page, written by the same hand,
"Ex libris Stanislas Julien."
'What Julien calls Tartar-Manchu, we now call simply Man-
chu. It is a special vocabulary to the Manchu translation of
the Chinese work Meng-tse (see Legge, Chinese Classics, Vol. 2).
In 1824 Julien published a book under the title "Meng-Tseu vel
Mencium, latina interpretatione ad interpretationem tartaricam
utramque recensita instruxit, et perpetuo commentario e Sinicis
deprompto illustravit Stanislas Julien. Lutetiae, 1824-29. 2
vol.," published by the Societe Asiatique of Paris. ... A
copy of this work, which is in the White collection, has been con-
sulted, but shows no reference to this vocabulary.
'It is obvious that Julien prepared this glossary for the pur-
pose of his translation, and that this manuscript is to be dated
prior to 1824. Whether it has ever been published, I am not
prepared to say ; but nothing is known to me about such a pub-
lication. The glossary is not noted by H. Cordier in his Biblio-
theca Sinica, either as printed or as manuscript.
'It is interesting that in some instances Julien has added the
Chinese equivalent to the corresponding Manchu word. It
would not be worth while to publish this manuscript, as we have
a Manchu dictionary by H. C. v. d. Gabelentz (Leipzig, 1864)
for the classical literature and a complete Manchu-Russian dic-
tionary by Zakharov. Julien's work is essentially of historical
interest in that it shows us the working methods, the conscien-
tiousness and industry of this great scholar.'
Perhaps some of the readers of the Journal of the American
Oriental Society may have further information about the his-
Brief Notes 141
tory of this vocabulary. If so, they are requested to communi-
cate it to the Cleveland Public Library.
Gordon W. Thayer,
Librarian of the John O. White Collection.
Cleveland Public Library,
The mosaic inscription at ' Ain Duk
This interesting Jewish Aramaic inscription, recently uncov-
ered by a bursting shell at 'Ain Duk, near Jericho, has been
variously published and explained, most fully by Pere Vincent
in the Revue Biblique for October, 1919.
Some of the characters are missing or uncertain, and their
restoration is more or less a matter of conjecture. I would like
to suggest the following as the probable reading :
no 1 ? -ion
JO ta 20 s ? p»3PT]
in nrn prnnoDi]
mriN pro nrrra
'n am 'p n&nipi
HOpO "73 p «]DD]
pnpin Kin 1 ?] j*»nm
rump mm pro
'Honored be the memory of Benjamin the treasurer, the son
of Joseh. Honored be the memory of every one who lends a
hand and gives, or who has (already) given, in this holy place,
whether gold or silver or any other valuable thing; for this
assures them their special right in this holy place. Amen.
The reading of all the characters which are preserved seems
quite certain, though they are somewhat carelessly executed, and
several of them are made to resemble one another so closely that
they would be problematic in a less plain context.
The basis for dating the inscription afforded by the palaeog-
raphy is so insecure as to be almost negligible. It may be given