Skip to main content

Full text of "The Mosaic Inscription at 'Ain Dūk"

See other formats


Early Journal Content on JSTOR, Free to Anyone in the World 

This article is one of nearly 500,000 scholarly works digitized and made freely available to everyone in 
the world by JSTOR. 

Known as the Early Journal Content, this set of works include research articles, news, letters, and other 
writings published in more than 200 of the oldest leading academic journals. The works date from the 
mid-seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries. 

We encourage people to read and share the Early Journal Content openly and to tell others that this 
resource exists. People may post this content online or redistribute in any way for non-commercial 

Read more about Early Journal Content at 
journal-content . 

JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people 
discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching 
platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit 
organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please 

Brief Notes 141 

tory of this vocabulary. If so, they are requested to communi- 
cate it to the Cleveland Public Library. 

Gordon W. Thayer, 
Librarian of the John O. White Collection. 

Cleveland Public Library, 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

The mosaic inscription at ' Ain Duk 
This interesting Jewish Aramaic inscription, recently uncov- 
ered by a bursting shell at 'Ain Duk, near Jericho, has been 
variously published and explained, most fully by Pere Vincent 
in the Revue Biblique for October, 1919. 

Some of the characters are missing or uncertain, and their 
restoration is more or less a matter of conjecture. I would like 
to suggest the following as the probable reading : 

no 1 ? -ion 

rons pouo 

hdv -o 

JO ta 20 s ? p»3PT] 

in nrn prnnoDi] 

mriN pro nrrra 

'n am 'p n&nipi 

HOpO "73 p «]DD] 

pnpin Kin 1 ?] j*»nm 
rump mm pro 


'Honored be the memory of Benjamin the treasurer, the son 
of Joseh. Honored be the memory of every one who lends a 
hand and gives, or who has (already) given, in this holy place, 
whether gold or silver or any other valuable thing; for this 
assures them their special right in this holy place. Amen. 

The reading of all the characters which are preserved seems 
quite certain, though they are somewhat carelessly executed, and 
several of them are made to resemble one another so closely that 
they would be problematic in a less plain context. 

The basis for dating the inscription afforded by the palaeog- 
raphy is so insecure as to be almost negligible. It may be given 


Brief Notes 

some slight value, however, when taken in connection with the 
few other indications. The date proposed by Vincent, the age 
of Herod the Great, seems to me extremely improbable ; the evi- 
dence points to a much later day. The spelling pO*J'2 is dis- 
tinctly late; the relative pronoun is * 7 I. not **! (contrast the 

Megillath Taanith) ; the noun f7QpD> 'valuable possession,' is 
a later Eabbinical word, not even occurring in Onkelos, but fre- 
quent in Talmud and Midrash, and noticeably common in Pales- 
tinian Syriac (the Judean dialect of about the fifth century 
a. d.) The abbreviation p. for tJ'J "Q. points in the same direc- 
tion; and finally, the characters of the inscription correspond 
as closely to those of the fifth century a. d., and the end of the 
fourth century, as to those of any other time, judging from the 
scanty material in Chwolson's Corpus and elsewhere. All 
things considered, the fifth century seems to me the most prob- 
able date. 


Yale University. 

An Assyrian tablet found in Bombay 
The Assyrian clay tablet here presented was discovered in the 
storeroom of a house in Girgaum, one of the wards of the city