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ANTHROPOLOGIC LITERATURE 57 1 

treatise designed for general reading, though the less surprising in view 
of the author's equally persistent magnification of the glories and beau- 
ties of the Celt. The little book is neatly printed, and illustrated with 
four somatologic maps, but is without an index. 

The History of Mankind. By Professor Friedrich Ratzel. Translated 
from the second German edition by A. J. Butler, M. A. Volume m. 
London : Macmillan and Co., Limited. New York : The Mac- 
millan Company, 1898. Roy. 8°, xiii, 599 pp., ills. 
So much has already been said in commendation of the first two 
volumes of Butler's translation of Ratzel's work that it seems almost 
unnecessary to comment on the third volume, which, published late in 
1898, crowns the success of a noteworthy undertaking. As a reference 
work to the anthropologist, in whatever special field his attention may 
be directed, and as a series of great text-books to the English-reading 
layman interested in the Science of Man, this improved English edition 
of Ratzel's Volkerkunde is of pronounced value. It takes the place of 
numerous works of similar scope that have appeared during the last 
half-century, but which have become inadequate by reason of the strides 
which Anthropology has made during that period. The third volume 
continues the treatment, in ample manner, of the negro races (the 
Africans of the interior and the West Africans), as well as of the cul- 
tured races of the Old World. The mechanical excellence of the pre- 
vious volumes is maintained throughout volume in, which is illustrated 
with two colored maps, eleven colored plates, and two hundred and 
sixty-seven other illustrations — all essential to the elucidation of the 
text of a work of this kind, and all beautifully reproduced. A copious 
index of the work (twenty pages) and an index of all the illustrations 
in the series (ten pages) complete the volume. 

F. W. Hodge. 

Ruins of the Saga Time : Being an Account of Travels and Explorations in 
Iceland in the Summer of 1895, by Thorsteinn Erlingsson, on 
behalf of Miss Cornelia Borsford, Cambridge, U. S. A. With an 
introduction by F. T. Norris and jfdn Stefdnsson, Ph.D., and a 
rhume", in French, by B. D. Grand. London : David Nutt, 1899. 
8°, 112 pp., ills., map. 
In 1895 Miss Cornelia Horsford of Cambridge, Massachusetts, com- 
missioned Dr Valtyr GuSmundsson, Professor of the University of 
Copenhagen, and an Icelander by birth, to select a man of ability for 
the archeologic exploration of Iceland, in order to obtain definite 
answers to a series of questions formulated by her. These answers are 



57 2 AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGIST [n. s., i, 1899 

expected to shed light on the origin of certain antiquarian remains now 
existing on Charles river, Mass., and elsewhere in America. Dr 
GuSmundsson is the author of a standard work on the subject, bearing 
the title House Building in Iceland in Saga Times (1898). As the head 
of the exploring party he selected Thorsteinn Erlingsson, who started 
from Copenhagen on June 1st and arrived at Reykjavik on the nth, 
whence he started for the eastern districts of the island, where travel- 
ing is extremely difficult from want of good roads and owing to the lack 
of transportation facilities and the severity of the weather. After ex- 
amining over 218 ruins, Erlingsson returned to Reykjavik on October 1st. 
The remains which he visited and excavated were found to be of in- 
tense interest, for many of them are over four hundred years old, and 
consist of long and square houses, hillside cots with pavements, mounds, 
things (open-air law-courts), and doom rings, irrigation and drainage 
ditches, river dams, hithes (harbors), shipdocks or nausts, grave-hills, 
farms, and forts. Photographing was made quite difficult owing to 
wind and rain ; nevertheless the photographic illustrations in the 
volume give excellent representations of most of the objects observed 
and studied. It seems that from Mr Grand's resume" in French many 
things can be better understood than from the English rendering of the 
Danish original. A large map and three indexes are subjoined and 
make reference easy. The method adopted by Miss Horsford for com- 
paring the antiquarian remains in New England with similar structures 
in Iceland, the home of the Norse discoverers of Vineland, is most 
praiseworthy. The present work supplements that undertaken by Miss 
Horsford's father, the late Prof. Eben Norton Horsford, as well as her 
own investigations which have borne fruit in a paper published in the 
National Geographic Magazine (1898, pp. 73-84) under the title 
Dwellings of the Saga Time in Greenland, Iceland, and Vineland. In 
this paper the "Saga time" of Scandinavia is estimated to begin about 
875 a.d., and to end about 150 years later, for this is the period of the 
discovery, colonization, and early history of Iceland as well as of 
Scandinavia. A. S. Gatschet. 

Hondurenismos. Vocabulario de los provincialismos de Honduras. Por 
Alberto MembreSo. Secunda edicion corregida y aumentada. 
Tegucigalpa : 1897. 8°, xiv, 269 pp. 

The limited acquaintance which those of the outside world have of 
Honduras, its history, culture, and languages, makes acceptable any 
contribution that is likely to render knowledge concerning its interest- 
ing and diversified population. Among the two thousand words