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BROCK 

UNIVERSITY 

LIBRARY 

Presented by 

Mr. William K. Bailey 
Toronto 

January 1991 



** LIBRARY * 
BROCK UNIVERSITY 



THE RARE 
BOOKS OF FREEMASONRY 



THE 



BgdkmansJournal 

and Print Collector 

Monthly 2I- 

AN INTERNATIONAL ORGAN FOR 
COLLECTORS OF BOOKS & PRINTS 




London: 
173-5 Fleet Street, E.C.4 

New York: 
R.R. Bowker Company 



THE 
RARE BOOKS 

OF 
FREEMASONRY 



By 
LIONEL VIBERT 

P.M. Lodge Quatuor Coronati, 

Author of The Story of the Craft, etc. 

Editor Miscellanea Latomorum. 



London: 

'The Bookman's Journal" Office 

173-5 Fleet Street, E.C.4 

1923 



Copyright, 1923 
Printed in Great Britain 



PREFACE 

A carefully compiled list of the rarer masonic books has 
been required for a long time past, and few students of 
the literature of the Craft have had either a competent know- 
ledge of the scarce works, or leisure to enable them to investi- 
gate and describe in a methodical manner the rarities which 
in the present work are brought under review. Fortunately 
the enterprise of the publishers has secured the services of Mr. 
Lionel Vibert, who as Editor of Miscella?iea Latomorum and 
author of some charming little volumes on old-time masonry, 
brings to bear on his present task both knowledge of masonic 
literature and care in tracing out and marshalling for our 
benefit the facts here embodied in a concise and orderly form. 
The masonic student will find this work of material value 
for reference and comparison ; the collector will likewise have 
a competent authority to consult; while the beginner will 
probably be encouraged to investigate more closely that class 
of scarce books which might otherwise never have been 
brought to his notice. To these and all others interested, the 
success of Mr. Vibert's former works is a guarantee that they 
have now available a descriptive catalogue of the rare books 
of Freemasonry which can be relied upon for its accuracy 
and comprehensiveness. 

Wm. Wonnacott 
Librarian of the Grand Lodge 



July 1923. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

Brock University - University of Toronto Libraries 



http://archive.org/details/rarebooksoffreemOOvibe 



CONTENTS 



Preface 


Page 

5 


Introduction 


9 


(a) Constitutions 


ii 


(b) Pocket Companions 


20 


(c) Exposures 


24 


(d) Historical 


29 


(e) Sermons and Speeches 


33 


(f) Miscellaneous 


37 



INTRODUCTION 

THE Grand Lodge of England was formed in 1717, 
but did not attract any degree of public attention 
till 172 1 ; up to which time the Freemasons had been 
so inconspicuous that there are not known to exist more 
than fifteen distinct references to them in print of an 
earlier date. These are collected in the appendix to the 
Inaugural Address of Mr. E. H. Dring, which he delivered 
to the Quatuor Coronati Lodge in 1912 (to which the 
present article is very much indebted), and of them only 
three can be said to be anything more than passing references 
to the Craft and its customs. 

It was not till 1722 that any work was printed which 
can fairly be described as a work on Freemasonry. This 
was the pamphlet known to-day as the Roberts Constitutions. 
The Freemasons had possessed in manuscript, ever since 
the fifteenth century at all events, documents containing 
what purported to be a history of the Order, and a set 
of ordinances comparable to those of a Gild. Versions 
actually made in the fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth 
centuries have come down to us to-day, and of these there 
are nearly a hundred in existence. They are known as the Old 
Charges, and the versions are almost all so closely allied 
textually as to make it obvious that they derive from a 
single original. They begin with a prayer, the opening 
words of which are usually : " The Almighty Father of 
Heaven " ; and then, after an introduction beginning 
" Good Brethren and Fellows, our purpose is," there follows 
the historical section, and the Charges themselves in two 
or more sections. Even to-day versions are still occasionally 
discovered, and the great majority of those extant were 
written in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. 

The Roberts Constitutions was a printed version of such a 
manuscript, and of this pamphlet until quite recently only 
one copy was known to exist, which is in the library of 
the Grand Lodge of Iowa. A reprint was issued by Messrs. 
Spencer's, of Great Queen Street, in 1871. 
The title-page of the original is : 

The / Old Constitutions / Belonging to the / 
Ancient and Honourable / SOCIETY / of / Free and 
Accepted / MASONS. / Taken from a Manuscript wrote 
about Five / Hundred Years since. / LONDON : / 
Printed and Sold by J. Roberts, in / Warwick Lane, 
MDCCXXII./ (Price Six-Pence.) 



and the collation is : Title, reverse blank ; four pages not 
numbered, preface; pp. 1-26 History and Charges, but the 
last two pages are erroneously numbered 23, 24. 

The next half-century saw the Craft established on the 
Continent, and two rival Grand Lodges working in London 
itself. But the output of books was not profuse, and such 
as there were consisted largely of controversial pamphlets, 
alleged exposures and reprints of speeches and sermons. 
Still, many of the items of early date are extremely rare, 
but, as it was not till somewhere in the eighties of last 
century that there was any market for early masonic litera- 
ture, the prices of an earlier date, when we can ascertain 
them, are no criterion of value. To-day there is a far 
larger public interested in the subject and prices are rising. 

Wolfstieg in his monumental Bibliography, published in 
1912 and containing well over 43,000 entries, recognises 
eight classes with 174 sub-divisions. It will be sufficient 
here to deal with the subject under the six heads : Con- 
stitutions ; Pocket Companions ; Exposures ; Historical ; 
Sermons and Speeches ; and Miscellaneous. 



10 



T 



(a) CONSTITUTIONS 

HIS is the title given by Grand Lodge since 1723 to 
the official publication which to-day comprises certain 
" Ancient Charges " and the Laws of the Craft. The work 
was first issued in 1723, and up to 1897 twenty-four editions 
are recognised. The idea was copied, and the actual 
work also reprinted in Ireland, Scotland and America. 

The name Constitutions was also that given in many cases 
to the manuscripts of an earlier date, and as several of these 
were now printed these works will also come as a sub- 
division under this heading. Taking this class first we 
have : 

(Part I) 
M 

1722. The Roberts Constitutions of 1722 already described. To 
the copy belonging to the G.L. of Iowa, hitherto considered 
unique, has now to be added a copy which recently 
passed through the hands of Messrs. Fletcher, of Bays- 
water, and is now in private ownership. 

(2) 

[1724]. The Briscoe Print. It does not seem necessary to give 
the elaborate title in full ; the first part of it is : 

The secret / HISTORY / of the / Free-Masons / 
being an / Accidental Discovery / of the / Ceremonies 
Made Use of in the several / LODGES, / 
and it also contains Observations ... on the New 
Constitution Book . . . written by James Anderson (vide 
infra, No. II., 1.) ; and " a short dictionary of private 
Signs, or Signals." Collation : Title with reverse blank ; 
iv pp. preface ; 47 pages of text with reverse of p. 47 
blank. The Imprint is : London ; Printed for Sam. 
Briscoe, at the Bell-Sauvage, on Ludgate Hill (etc.) ; 
but with no date. Mr. G. W. Bain reproduced his copy 
in facsimile in 1891 ; there may be other copies in private 
ownership but no library appears to possess one. 

(3) 

1725. The Briscoe Print, second edition. Identical except for 
the date on title-page. Also of great rarity ; there is a 
copy in the Worcestershire Masonic Library. 

(4) 

[1729] . Cole's Constitutions. This consists of a Dedication to 
Lord Kingston, the title as follows : 

IT 



A / Book / of the Antient / Constitutions / of / the 
Free & Accepted / MASONS 
both being engraved, and fifty-one engraved copper 
plates of text, followed by six more of songs. Kingston 
was Grand Master from December 27, 1728, to December 
27, 1729, so that the work may be presumed to have been 
issued in 1729. It is found with 38 added pages in 
ordinary type (two speeches, a Prologue and an Epilogue), 
and may have been re-issued with this addition in 1730, 
when the combined work was advertised (on March 18) 
as just published. There is in the Library of Grand Lodge 
a specially prepared copy on a paper of a larger size. 

(5) 

1731. Cole's Constitutions, second edition. This consists of a 
Frontispiece, a very lengthy title-page with imprint and 
date, and the original plates ; but with the Dedication 
altered so as to read to Lord Lovel, and the imprint 
obliterated from the title. The six copper plates of songs 
are also omitted. Then follow the speeches and Prologue 
and Epilogue, pp. 1 — 34 and two not numbered, and two 
collections of songs, together occupying 64 pages. But 
the order of binding differs in different copies. The 
speeches have their own pagination and title-page, which 
describes them as the second edition with date 1734 ; 
while the songs are also separately paginated with a 
title-page dated 1731. Wolfstieg gives the first edition 
a lengthy title-page almost identical with that of 173 1, 
and with the date 1728. This does not correspond with 
the descriptions given by Hughan in his introduction 
to the Jackson reprint of the second edition (Leeds, 
1897) and by Mr. Dring {op. cit.) ; it may possibly refer 
to the issue of 1730. 

(6) 
1751. Cole's Constitutions, third edition ; a reprint of the former 
but all in ordinary type. This has a new and much 
shorter title-page. 8vo ; 78 pages ; and two plates. 

(7) 

1762. The fourth edition ; similar. 

One masonic library in this country (Worcestershire) 
possesses the quartette. But it may be mentioned, as 
illustrative of how the prices actually obtained for these 
things are no sort of guide to their intrinsic value or 
their probable selling price to-day, that the set of four 
was in the Spencer Sale of 1875 and went for £3 8s. 

12 



(8) 
1739- The Dodd Version. Title : — 

The / BEGINNING / and / First Foundation / Of 

the Most Worthy / Craft of Masonry / with / The 

Charges thereunto belonging. / By a Deceas'd Brother, 

for the Benefit of his Widow / LONDON : / Printed 

for Mrs. Dodd, at the Peacock without Temple Bar / 

mdcc xxxix. (Price Sixpence) 

4to ; 20 pages. This is the last of the printed versions 

of the old manuscripts, and is even rarer than the Cole. 

Hughan (Old Charges, 1895, p. 139) says : " I think there 

must be four at least in existence." Nevertheless in the 

Spencer Sale the copy then offered as one of the only 

three known fetched 23/-. The text is all but identical 

with that of the Cole. 

We can now consider the series of Constitutions which 
were issued by, or with the approval of, Grand Lodge, 
and the reprints of them. We have : — 

(Part II) 
(1) 

The Constitutions of 1723. The full title is : 

The / CONSTITUTIONS / of the / FREE-MASONS. 
/ containing the / History, Charges, Regulations, &c. 
/ of that most Ancient and Right / Worshipful 
FRATERNITY. /For the Use of the Lodges. / 
London : / Printed by William Hunter, for John 
Senex, at the Globe, / and John Hooke at the Flower- 
de-luce over- against St. Dunstans / Church, in Fleet- 
street. I In the Year of Masonry 5723 / Anno 

Domini x 723 / 

Collation : half-title — Constitutions between ornamental 
borders ; plate ; title as above, reverse blank ; dedication 
in large type on two leaves not numbered ; text pp. 1 — 74; 
songs with music pp. 75 — 90 ; p. 91 contains a notice 
about the rest of the music, the license to publish of the 
Grand Master, and FINIS. The reverse of p. 91, not 
numbered, has publishers' announcements. Perfect 
copies with the half-title are very rare. 

(2) 

1725. The Constitutions of 1723 re-printed in Dublin. No copy 
is known to exist ; the work is only known from'* an 
advertisement in The Dublin Journal of July 31, 1725. 

J 3 



(3) 

1730- Penncll's Constitutions. Anderson's title is repeated, but 

the imprint is : — 

DUBLIN / Printed by /. Watts, at the Lord Caterets 
/ Head in Dames-Street, for /. Pennell, at the / three 
Blue Bonnets in St. Patrick' s-Street. /In the Year of 
Masonry 5730 / Anno Domini 1730. 

4to ; plate and 96 pages. The work is Anderson more 

or less reproduced, but with some added matter. Dr. 

Chetwode Crawley only knew of one perfect copy, in 

private ownership in America. 

1734. Franklin's reprint of Anderson in Philadelphia " by special 
order, for the use of the brethren in North-America 
1734." 

(5) 

1738. Anderson's second edition. Described as the New Book 
of Constitutions, by James Anderson, D.D., in a long 
title-page. Collation : plate ; title-page ; reverse blank ; 
pp. i — x, dedication and preface ; two pages not numbered, 
sanction to publish, plate with the arms of Carnarvon 
and his titles ; pp. 1 — 230 text ; two pages not numbered, 
corrigenda and publisher's announcements. The songs 
conclude on p. 215, and are followed by a reprint of a 
pamphlet (No. F. 7 infra) " A Defence of Masonry, pub- 
lished a.d. 1730. Occasion'd by a Pamphlet call'd 
Masonry Dissected " (as to which vide infra No. C. 3). 
This also appears in a Pocket Companion of this same 
year (vide infra No. B. 4). This is in turn followed by 
Brother Euclid's letter to the Author against Unjust Cavils, 
which is dated 1738, the authorship of which is unknown. 
The leaf pp. 129 — 130 is substituted for an original 
which contained various errors, the most conspicuous 
of which was the writing STEPHEN instead of 
FRANCIS, Duke of Lorraine. No copy appears to be 
known with the original leaf in situ, but in one copy, 
at present in private ownership, it is found attached 
to the cover. The Plate is the same as that of 1723, 
with the exception of the lettering at bottom " En- 
graved by John Pine in Aldersgate Street, London," 
which is now deleted. This Plate measures 8$ ff X7f". 
The work was printed — with identical typing — on paper 
of two different sizes, 8f"x7i" and 7i"X5i*- The 
small paper copies could not therefore have taken 
the Plate without folding, and as none appear to be 

14 



known that have it, it would in fact seem that none were 
in fact issued with it. Mr. Hughan, in his Preface to 
the facsimile issued by Lodge Quatuor Coronati in 1890, 
stated that he had only succeeded up to that time in 
tracing twenty-six copies of this edition. The imprint 
is : — 

LONDON : / Printed for Brothers Caesar Ward and 
Richard Chandler, / Booksellers, at the Ship without 
Temple-Bar ; and sold at their / Shops in Coney -Street, 
YORK, and at SCARBOROUGH-SPAW. / 
MDCCXXXVIII. / In the Vulgar Year of Masonry, 
5738. 

(6) 
1746. The / History and Constitutions /of the / Most ancient 
and honourable Fraternity / of / Free and Accepted 
MASONS : / (etc.). This is a reissue of the previous 
work, obviously the publisher's remainders, as it is 
identical in all respects, save that it has a new title- 
page beginning as above and with the imprint : — 

LONDON : Printed ; and sold by J. Robinson, at 
/ the Golden-Lion in Ludgate-street. / In the vulgar 
Year of MASONRY 5746. 
As before some copies were small paper, and were appar- 
ently originally issued without the Plate. It is still 
rarer than the 1738 edition ; Mr. Hughan in 1890 only 
knew of nineteen copies. 

(7) 

175 1. A second edition of Pennell, (No. 3 supra), with a long title 
which concludes : 

Collated from the Book of Constitutions published 

in England, in the year 1738, by our worthy Bro. James 

Anderson. For the Use of the Lodges in Ireland. By 

Edward Sprat t. Dublin. . 175 1. 
4to ; plate ; viii, 172 pp. A very rare work, almost (as 
much so as the first edition. 

The third edition of the Book of Constitutions was 
published in 1756 with a frontispiece by B. Cole. The 
author was Entick. He used the enlarged history that 
Anderson had written for his 1738 edition, but the 
Regulations were entirely recast. The fourth edition 
was published in 1767. It is described as "A New 
Edition, with Alterations and Additions, by a Com- 
mittee appointed by the Grand Lodge." Entick's name 
still appears (as well as Anderson's), but in fact he had 
nothing to do with it. 

15 



(8) 
1776. The Appendix to the fourth edition. This, written by 
William Preston, is rarely met with. It occasionally 
occurs bound up with the fourth edition. It consists 
of lxxvi pages. Page i has a half-title : Appendix / to 
the / Constitutions / of the / Society of Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons. Page ii has the Resolution ordering 
the Appendix. Page iii commences " Appendix " and 
the text goes to lxx ; then come an anthem and ode, 
and lxxvi, not paged, is blank. 

Of the fourth edition there were two unauthorised 
issues, one in 8vo, published by G. Kearsly, London, 
and the other, also 8vo, but with another title-page and 
plates, published by Thomas Wilkinson, Dublin. Both 
appeared in 1769. 

The fifth edition, of 1784, is described as " A New 
Edition, revised, enlarged and brought down to the year 
1784, under the direction of the Hall Committee, by 
JOHN NOORTHOUCK." The frontispiece shows the 
interior of Freemasons' Hall, and is dated 1786. The 
usual collation is : Frontispiece ; page not numbered 
"Explanation of the Frontispiece," reverse blank; i — xii, 
dedication, laws relating to the Charity, sanction, preface, 
contents; pp. 1—76, 77— 134, 135—204, 205—350, 
351 — 414, history in five parts (including Charges, 
Regulations, etc.) ; 415 — 459 poetry. On p. 459 is a 
note to the binder regarding the cancelled leaf. This 
was pp. 67, 68 ; the original p. 67 is headed " In Italy," 
the corrected page being headed " Gothic Architecture." 
The cancelled leaf is rare, and although the work was 
issued originally presumably without the plate, there do 
not seem to be any copies bound up without it, although 
some omit the laws relating to the Charity (*). 

In 1753 a rival Grand Lodge had been founded in London 
which also issued an official publication with the title 
Ahiman Rezon. Of the eight editions issued the first four 
are rare ; indeed, of the fourth itself only two copies 
appear to be known. 

(9) 

1756. Ahiman Rezon. 410. A long title of which the com- 
mencement is : — 

AHIMAN REZON : / or, / A Help to a Brother ; 

* A copy with the plate was sold at Sotheby's in 1008, for 
£1 3s. od.; but whether it contained the original cancelled leaf 
or not does not appear. 

I6 



/ Shewing the / EXCELLENCY of SECRECY, / And 

the first Cause, or Motive, of the Institution of / 

FREEMASONRY ; / 
and the imprint : — 

LONDON : / Printed for the Editor, and sold by 

Brother James Bedford, at the / Crown in St. Paul's 

Church-Yard. / MDCCLVL 
The work was written by Laurence Dermott, the Secretary 
of this Grand Lodge, and the preface contains sarcastic 
references to the current histories of the Craft with 
allusions to other works, not all of which can now be 
traced. Collation : title ; i — iii dedication ; iv blank ; 
v — xvii The Editor to the Reader ; blank page not 
numbered ; four pages not numbered, subscribers' 
names ; four not numbered, contents ; i — 208 
and one page not numbered, text, headed Ahiman 
Rezon ; songs preceded by a title-page with blank reverse ; 
prologues and epilogues, and an Oratorio. 

(10) 

1764. Ahiman Rezon, second edition. An ornate title-page in a 
border with much less text and the imprint : 

Printed for the Author / and sold by Br. ROBERT 

BLACK. / Bookbinder & Stationer / in George Yard, 

Tower Hill. / LONDON, 1764. 

The text differs considerably from that of the first edition. 

There is a plate of the Arms of the Masons and those of 

the Operative or Stone Masons. 

(11) 
1778. Ahiman Rezon, third edition. The title-page is : 

AHIMAN REZON : / or a / Help to all that are, 
or would be / Free and Accepted Masons. / (With 
many ADDITIONS) / The THIRD EDITION. / 
By Lau. Dermott, D.G.M. / (four lines of verse) / 
Printed for / JAMES JONES, Grand Secretary, / and 
Sold by /PETER SHATWELL, in the Strand,/ 
LONDON, 1778. 

(12) 

1787. Ahiman Rezon, fourth edition. Similar but the publisher 
is Frakins. 

The remaining editions were issued in 1800 (v) ; 1801 
(vi) ; 1807 (vii) ; and 1813 (viii) ; the last two have 
lists of Lodges. 

After the Union of the two Grand Lodges steps were 
taken to issue an official Book of Constitutions for the 

17 



united body. The Regulations were drafted by a joint 
committee, and as to publishing these there was no 
particular difficulty. But the history was another 
matter as the two bodies had taken very divergent 
views on that subject. Accordingly the historical 
section, or " first part," was held over, the Charges 
and Regulations being issued as a " second part," and 
this description " second part " was maintained for three 
editions but was then dropped, and no official history 
has ever been promulgated. But inquiries are still 
occasionally made for the non-existent first parts of the 
sixth, seventh and eighth editions. The first edition 
after the Union was that of 1815. 

(13) 

1815. Constitutions, sixth edition. Title-page : 

CONSTITUTIONS / of the / Antient Fraternity / 

of / Free and Accepted Masons. / Part the Second 

/ containing / The Charges, Regulations, / &ct, &ct. 

/ Published, by / the Authority of the United Grand 

Lodge, / by / William Williams, Esq. / Provi?icial 

Grand Master for the County of Dorset. / LONDON : 

/ Printed by W. P. Norris, Printer to the Society, 

/ Little Moorgate, London-Wall. / MDCCCXV. 

On the reverse of the title-page was a notice that the 

First Part would be printed with as little delay as possible, 

and that the laws would be revised after three years 

when sheets in which alterations had been made would 

be reprinted and sent to subscribers. The edition in its 

otiginal state is rare. 

The seventh edition was issued in 1819, with the 
title-page, foreword, and sanction of the previous edition 
unchanged, but there was now added a Preface to the 
Corrected Edition, dated from Belmont House, 19 Feb- 
ruary, 1819. Apart from the variations in the actual 
text this Preface alone serves to distinguish this edition. 
This was the last edition to be issued in 4to. 

In 1823 the Provincial Grand Lodge of Upper Canada 
reissued this edition, with the same title-page except for 
the imprint, which now read : 

First Canadian Edition. / Republished by order of 
the Provincial Grand Lodge of / Upper Canada. / 
Kingston:/ Printed byH. C.Thomson. / MDCCCXXIII. 
There was also a dedication which occupies the 
second leaf. Of this reissue there is a copy in the 
Library of the Supreme Council at Washington, D.C. 

18 



Of the later editions, the eighth, of 1827, was the 
last to retain the description " Second Part " ; but 
only three of those of more recent years can be styled 
rare. These are : — 

(14) 

1855. 12th edition, the 321110 issue. (Also issued in 8vo.) 

(15) 

1865. 16th edition. 321110. This is so rare that its very existence 

was doubted until quite recently, and it is only within 
the last year that Grand Lodge has become possessed 
of a copy. 

(16) 

1866. 17th edition, another 32mo, issue. 



The Bain Reprint of the Briscoe Print has already 
been referred to. Of the Constitutions of 1723 complete 
or partial facsimiles have been issued at New York in 
1855 and 1905, at Philadelphia in 1906, and at Wiesbaden 
in 1900. Of the 1738 edition an absolute facsimile was 
issued in 1890 as vol. VII of the Quatuor Coronati Anti- 
grapha, with an introduction by Mr. Hughan. Of 
Ahiman Rezon there are as yet no facsimiles. But there 
is one work of this class which has to be reckoned among 
our Rare Books to-day, and that is : — 

(17) 

1869. Constitutions of the Freemasons. By William James 
Hughan. London : Spencer and Co. 8vo. pp. xxii, 38, 
51. The Introduction deals with the Constitutions 
generally, and the Text consists of a reproduction of 
those of 1723, with the exception of the historical portion 
and the songs, and of the Cole Text. Only 70 copies 
were printed. 



19 



(b) POCKET COMPANIONS 

ANDERSON'S first edition was exhausted by the 
beginning of 1735, and to meet what was no doubt a 
fairly extensive demand there was now published a work 
styled A Pocket Companion for Freemasons, the greater 
part of which was in fact simply a piracy of Anderson. 
This was the first of a series of similar works, which 
mostly contained a history, the Charges and Regulations, 
and other matter of the same kind, collections of songs 
and poetry, and lists of Lodges. After No. 1 in the list 
I now give, they usually have very long title-pages. 
Wolfstieg gives most of these fairly fully ; I give in full 
one that he does not reproduce. They are all of con- 
siderable rarity in anything like perfect condition. 

(1) 

1735. Smith's Pocket Companion. Title : — 

A / Pocket Companion / for / Free-Masons. / 
Deus Nobis Sol & Scutum/ Dedicated to the Society. 
/ London : / Printed and sold by E. Rider in Black- 
more- / street, near Clare-Market. / mdccxxxv. 
The collection of songs, etc., is preceded by a sub- title 
with the date 1734 (p. 47). 

to 

1735. The same work printed at Dublin. Probably this was 

done with Smith's permission. This edition has a long 
title-page and a plate ; and whereas the London edition 
was condemned by G. L. at London, where Anderson 
was still there to protest and was preparing his own 
second edition, the Dublin reprint was sanctioned and 
adopted by the Grand Lodge of Ireland. 

(3) 

1736. Smith, a re-issue. A long title-page and plate ; printed 

by Torbuck. 

(4) 

1738. Smith, the second edition, " with large additions. Again, 
a long title-page, but no plate. 

(5) 
1752. A Pocket Companion, published at Edinburgh, of which 
Wolfstieg gives no details further than that a copy is 
in private ownership in Germany. 

(6) 
1754. (Entick). Scott's Pocket Companion, published by Bald- 
win ; 8vo, viii, 328 ; with plate. The author's name 

20 



does not appear, but he takes the course that he was 
again to take in the official third edition of the Con- 
stitutions (supra) of discarding the confusions of Anderson's 
1738 edition. 

(7) 

1759. Scott, a second edition. 

(8) 

1764. Scott, a third edition. 

(9) 

1761. The Edinburgh Pocket Companion. Published by Auld, 
8vo, with a long title. 

(10) 

1763. A second edition of No. 9 ; I give the title-page in full 

as a specimen of their general style : — 

The / Free-Masons / Pocket-Companion / containing 
/The History of Masonry from the Creation to / 
the present Time ; / The Institution of the Grand 
Lodge of Scotland ; / Lists of the Officers of the 
Grand Lodges in / England & Scotland / WITH / 
A Collection of Charges, Constitutions, Or / ders, 
Regulations, Songs, &ct / The Second Edition / Edin- 
burgh. / Printed for Alexander Donaldson / and sold 
at his shops in London and Edinburgh / mdcclxiii 
8vo. ; vi, 274, pp. 

in) 

1765. A third edition. Published by Auld and Smellie. 

(12) 

1764. A Pocket Companion. Published at Belfast by Magee, 

and described as the fifth edition. 

(13) 

1765. Another. Published at Glasgow by Galbraith. 

There is another Glasgow edition of 177 1, and others 
elsewhere of later dates, but none that can strictly be 
called rare. But there is one other rare work that comes 
into this category, although it is not styled a Pocket- 
Book and its contents are of a somewhat different 
character. It is : 

(14) 

1775. The Free-Masons-Calendar, or An Almanac for the year 
of Christ 1775, and Anno Lucis 5775. Containing, 
besides an accurate and useful calendar of all remarkable 
occurrences for the year, many useful and curious 

21 



particulars relating to Masonry. Inscribed with great 
respect to Lord Petrc. By a Society of Brethren. 
London : Company of Stationers 1775. 
* * * 

It will be observed that these works nearly always 
contain a List of Lodges, and this will be a convenient 
place in which to notice the publications known as the 
Engraved Lists. An official List of Lodges was drawn 
up by Grand Lodge in 1723, but it was also necessary 
for each individual Lodge to possess at all times an 
authorised List, corrected to date, and accordingly in 
this same year the first Engraved List was issued, and 
they were continued up to 1778, one or more appearing 
annually. Until 1741 the engraver was John Pine who 
had done the Frontispiece to the Constitutions of 1723. 
In 1744 the engraver was Eman. Bowen, and from now 
onwards the engraver was either William or Benjamin 
Cole. These Lists are all more or less in the same style ; 
they are engraved on plates measuring six inches or 
slightly less by 2j", and each plate contains spaces for 
12 Lodges, but blanks occur where Lodges on previous 
Lists have ceased to exist. The sign of the tavern where 
the Lodge meets is usually depicted, or the name, or 
both, and the street if in London, as also the days of 
meeting and the date of constitution. In the Lists 
from 1729 onwards a serial number is assigned to each 
Lodge and blank. The Lists for the earlier years are 
very scarce. Indeed as yet none are known to have 
survived for 1726-8, 1730-3, 1742, 1743, 1746, 1748 or 
1749 ; and all other issues, except three, previous to 1765 
are at present represented by single copies, and the same 
is the case with regard to several later ones. 

The Grand Lodge of 1753 issued similar Lists but 
only two are known to exist, both for the year 1753, 
the earlier being in the Library of Lodge Quatuor Coronati, 
and the later at the South Kensington Museum. These 
are engraved on plates measuring 4§"x2f", which have 
two Lodges to a plate, the information as to each being 
enclosed in ornate borders of Chippendale design, almost 
all different. There is also a title-page on a separate 
plate with an elaborate design of its own. The earlier 
List is reproduced in full in vol. xix of the Transactions 
of Lodge Quatuor Coronati ; the engraver was Jeremiah 
Evans, who does not however seem to have been a 
person of any note in his profession. 

22 



In 1775 Grand Lodge commenced the issue of an annual 
Calendar and List of Lodges and this superseded the 
Engraved Lists, the series having been continued till the 
present day. But no copy of the Calendar for 1816 
appears to be in existence ; at all events none was 
known to Mr. Lane when he published his Masonic 
Records, which puts in tabular form the information as 
to every known Lodge in the English Craft. 



23 



(c) EXPOSURES 



IT being understood that the Society which had so 
suddenly sprung into prominence possessed secrets and 
practised ceremonies of an esoteric character, it was 
not long before persons of enterprise, if not of honesty, 
began to print alleged revelations of these mysteries. 
That they were at once denounced by the Fraternity 
as false and inaccurate would perhaps not by itself 
discredit them for us to-day ; but, in fact, their interest 
now is purely antiquarian. They offer a possible basis 
for investigations as to what was the practice of the 
period in these matters ; but if it at all resembled the 
accounts given in the various exposures it must have been 
greatly metamorphosed in the intervening years. Some 
were mere broadsides, but for the sake of completeness 
it is desirable that they also should be described. Accord- 
ingly, taking this class first, we have : — 

(Part I) 
M 

1725. The Whole Institutions of Free-Masons Opened, (etc.). 

Printed by William Wilmot on the Blind-Key, 1725. 
This consists of a folio sheet printed on both sides. No 
place of publication is mentioned. Only one copy is 
known, which is in private ownership. 

(2) 

1726. The Grand Mystery laid open, or the Free Masons Signs 

and Words discovered. Printed in the year 1726. This 
is another single folio sheet, but printed on one side 
only. Again, only one copy is known, which is in the 
possession of the same owner as No. I. 

(3) 

1730. The Mystery of Freemasonry. 

This was a broadside which was reported as being 
" lately published and dispersed about the Town," 
and which was reprinted in the Daily Journal of Aug. 15, 
1730. It was again reprinted in the issue of Aug. 18. 
No specimen of the original appears to be known, but 
single copies of an engraved broadside with the same 
text, which is apparently a separate and later publication, 
are in the B.M., and three masonic libraries. It was 
also reprinted with the heading : — 

24 



The Mystery and Motions of Free-Masonry dis- 
covered. London, Printed by Edward Nash, in King 
Street, Covent Garden, mdccxxx. 
Of this there is a copy in the Rawlinson Collection 
at the Bodleian. There was a second reprint, also in 
1730, with the heading : — 

The Puerile Signs and Wonders of a Free-Mason (etc.) 
of which a copy exists in the Guildhall Library. The 
text with some small variations was published in the 
Pennsylvania Gazette of Dec. 5 to 8 in this year, a journal 
of which Benjamin Franklin was the Editor at the time. 
* * * 

Coming now to the Exposures in book-form we have : — 

(Part II) 
M 

1724. The Grand Mystery of Free-Masons Discover'd 

London ; Printed for T. Payne near Stationers' Hall. 

1724. Folio 12 pp. Reprinted at various times in last 
century, the most adequate reproduction being that 
issued by Mr. Carson, of Cincinnati, in 1867. There 
is a copy among the Rawlinson papers in the Bodleian. 

(2) 

1725. The Grand Mystery, the second edition. The imprint 

is : London ; Printed for 'A. Moore, near St. Paul's. 

1725. Folio, 20 pp. The copy in the Bodleian, which is 
also among the Rawlinson papers, and another in Dresden, 
were the only ones Dr. Chetwode Crawley knew of. 
To each edition there is a long title containing the 
assertion, which is stock form in these affairs, that the 
text is from papers found in the custody of a Free-mason 
who died suddenly. The second edition also contains 
" Two Letters to a Friend ; The First Concerning the 
Society of Free-masons. The Second, Giving an Account 
of the Most Ancient Society of Gormogons," which are 
of some importance historically. The text was repro- 
duced in Gould's History, in the Appendix to vol. III. 

(3) 
1730. Prichard's Masonry Disected. The title commences : 

MASONRY / Disected ; / being / A Universal and 
Genuine / DESCRIPTION / of / All its Branches, 
from the Ori- / ginal to this Present Time. / 
The imprint is : 

2 5 



London : / Printed by Thomas Nichols, at the Crown, 

without Temple Barr. / mdccxxx. 

This was also reprinted by Mr. Carson, of Cincinnati, 
in 1867. The work went through 21 editions by 1787, 
some of which, however, would seem to have been re- 
prints in Read's Weekly Journal and the like. The 
earlier editions are extremely rare, only one or two of 
those up to the eighth being known apparently, with 
the exception of the fifth, of which no specimen at all is 
known to exist. The dates of the earlier editions are : 
I, as above, 1730 ; II, a reprint in Read, 1730 ; III, 
1730 ; IV, 1731 ; V, n.d. ; VI, 1736 ; VII, 1737 ; 
VIII, 1737. These two last have " a new and exact 
list of regular Lodges." 

The work was also reprinted (the printer being J. 
Torbuck) with a different title and unimportant variations 
in 1737, the title now being : 

The / Secrets of Masonry, / Made known to all 

Men, / By S. P. late Member of a / Constituted Lodge. 

/ (etc.). 

A work issued in Glasgow in 1803 by Robertson with 
the title : " The entertaining Mystery of freemasonry 
(etc.). By Sam. Pritchard " is also apparently a reprint 
of part of the original, and there is an earlier work with 
this same title which is no doubt of the same character, 
but the only copy known to me at present is in New 
Zealand. The 1803 work is also quite rare. 

(4) 

1738. Masonry farther Dissected. 

This is a translation of a French exposure L'Ordre des 
Franc Magons trahi., but of an edition earlier than that 
of 1745 which has usually been considered the first. 
There is a very long title-page and an imprint : London : 
Printed for J. Wilford, .... Where may be had, 
Masonry Dissected. The Seventh Edition. Pr. 6d. 
8vo, pp. 32. 

Notwithstanding this announcement and the title 
chosen for the work, it has nothing in common with 
Prichard, with which indeed it is utterly at variance. 
Dr. Chetwode Crawley remarks (Trans, of Lodge\Quatuor 
Coronati, ix, 84), " It is excessively rare, and fetches 
to-day, in open market, more than a hundred times its 
original price." 

26 



(5) 
1754- The Freemasons examin'd. With a long title, and a 
preface explaining how the author came by the alleged 
secrets, his account of which is to replace Prichard, 
who is unworthy of credit. The whole thing is an elabor- 
ate skit. Of the original edition the Library of the 
Prov. Grand Lodge of Worcestershire possesses what 
appears to be the only copy known. Editions followed 
one another in rapid succession, but are all now very 
rare, the dates being : II, 1754, a copy in the B. M. 
and one other known in private ownership ; III, ?, no 
copy known ; IV, 1754, one copy in private hands ; 
V, N.D. ? 1758 ; VI, N.D. ? 1758. (Vide article by 
Mr. J. T. Thorp in Trans, of Q.C., XX, 96). 

(6) 

1759. The SECRETS of the Free Masons revealed by a disgusted 

brother, (etc.). Second edition ; London : Scott. 8vo, 
32 pp. The first edition does not appear to be known, 
and this is rare. 

(7) 

1760. Three distinct knocks. This also went through many 

editions during the century, several bearing no date, 
and was reprinted at Maidstone and in Ireland. The 
original publisher was Serjeant ; the earlier editions 4to. 

(8) 
1762. Jachin and Boaz. London : Nicoll. 4to. Of this work 

there were twenty-six editions up to the Union of 18 13. 

There were also American editions in 1793 and 1803, 

and even after the Union it continued to appear. The 

early editions are rare, the first few being very scarce 

indeed. 

A reply was issued to Jachin and Boaz immediately on 

its appearance which is to-day even more of a rarity. It 

was entitled : — 

A free-mason's ANSWER to the suspected author 
of a pamphlet entitled Jachin and Boaz, or An authentic 
key to freemasonry. Addressed to all masons, as well 
as to the public in general. London : Cooke, 1762. 
A copy is in the British Museum, and a fifth edition 

is also known, published by Nicholl in 1764 ; but of the 

intermediate editions, or of later ones if there were any, 

no copies appear to have come to light. 

27 



(9) 

1764. Hiram. A long title. Published in London by Griffin. 

4to, plate, 96 pp. Reprinted in Belfast by Joy in 1765, 
and a second edition in London in 1766. All are ex- 
tremely rare. 

(10) 

1765. Shibboleth. Dublin, Sleater, with a long title of the usual 

type. 4to, 52 pp. There was also an issue in London 
of the same date. Both are very rare. 

(") 

1766. Mahhabone ; or The Grand Lodge door open'd. London : 

Johnson and Davenport. With an exceptionally long 
title. There was a second edition in the same year. 

(12) 

1766. Solomon in all his Glory. This is another translation from 
the French, the original in this case being Le Magon 
demasque. The Library of Lodge Quatuor Coronati 
possesses a copy of this edition. A second edition, 
" with the addition of two beautiful copper-plates " was 
issued by Robinson and Roberts, London, in 1768. 
Wilkinson issued a reprint of this, with four copper- 
plates, in Dublin in 1777 ; 4to, viii, 72 pp. 

(13) 

[1777]. Tubal-Kain ; being the second part of Solomon in all his 
Glory. With a very long title, the only edition known 
being published by Wilkinson with the imprint : London, 
Nicoll. Reprinted Dublin ; Wilkinson. There would 
therefore appear to have been an earlier edition. 4to, 
32 pp. This and Mahhabone, No. n above, are the rarest 
of the whole series. 

(14) 

1824-5. The Cat out of the bag ! Containing the whole secrets 
and mysteries of freemasonry never before devulged (sic). 
By Runt & Pitcher. London. 

Published in four parts, but I do not know of any 
copies in libraries or museums, and Wolfstieg gives 
none. Some account of it will be found in the Freemason, 
vol. xlvii (1907-08). 



28 



(d) HISTORICAL 

(i) 

1746. '""pHE Sufferings of JOHN COUSTOS for FREE- 
1 MASONRY (etc.). London : Printed by W. Strahan 
for the Author. (Also includes a long account of the 
Inquisition.) 8vo, 400 pp. 

Also issued in Dublin in the same year and a second 
edition with additional masonic matter was published 
at Birmingham in 1790. These are all of some rarity. 
Later editions at Hull in 1810, and by Spencer, London, 
in 1847. 

(2) 
[1764]. The complete Free Mason, or Multa Paucis for Lovers of 
Secrets. 4to, plate, 176 pp. Contains a history which 
although based on Anderson and the 1756 Book of 
Constitutions has important variations of its own. Also 
a list of Lodges which enables us to date the work ; 
there is no date on the title-page. The late Mr. Whymper 
catalogued an edition of the previous year with 162 pages. 
Of extreme rarity. 

(3) 

1772. Preston's Illustrations of Masonry. A work that ran 
through seventeen editions up to 1861, being revised 
and brought up to date periodically by Oliver and others. 
It is only the original edition that is rare. 8vo, xxiv. 
264 pp. 

(4a) 

1777. The Principles of Freemasonry delineated. Exeter. Printed 
(and sold) by R. Trewman, behind the Guildhall. 
MDCCLXXVII. With a plate of the medal of the 
Union Lodge at Exeter, This work consisted of a col- 
lection of charges and addresses appropriate to various 
occasions, or given at Exeter and elsewhere, together 
with an account of the proceedings at the dedication of 
Freemason's Hall and other matter. There was also a 
collection of songs, prologues and epilogues. It was 
published by subscription and there is a list of sub- 
scribers and a list of Lodges. In 1782 there appeared ; 

(4b) 

1782. The Elements of Freemasonry delineated. Kingston, 
Jamaica: Printed by Brother William Moore (etc.). 
There is no plate, but the text, as far as the prose portion 
is concerned, is practically the text of the earlier work un- 

29 



altered. Certain sections come in a different order, and 
some passages are left out ; it also has its own list of 
subscribers and, what is of some interest, a list of the 
Lodges in Jamaica in 1781, with the names of their 
officers. The songs, etc. are however a different collec- 
tion. Neither of these works is known to Wolfstieg. 
He gives however the third of the series, which is • 

(4c) 
1788. The Elements of Freemasonry delineated. By R. Ray. 
Liverpool : 1788. This is only known from a catalogue 
reference of 1861 ; no library appears to possess a copy. 
There was a second edition published at Belfast in 1808, 
which is also of considerable rarity ; a copy is in the 
Library of Quatuor Coronati. The work is practically a 
reproduction of the publication of 1782, except for the 
omission of the lists of subscribers and local lodges ; 
also there is now no locality mentioned for any of the 
prologues. 

(5) 
1797. The Freemason's Monitor, or Illustrations of Masonry. 
By a Royal Arch Mason. Albany : Spencer and Webb. 
1797. 8vo. 

The writer was Thomas Smith Webb, and the work is 
in two parts, but with continuous pagination, of which 
the first is merely a version of Preston's Illustrations, 
No. 3 above, the second being a description of the 
" ineffable degrees." There were many editions, and in 
the later ones additional matter was introduced relating 
to the history of the Craft in America. The original 
edition, pagination 1-216, 217-284, is of exceptional 
rarity. A reprint was issued in New York in 1899. 

(6) 
[1816]. Lectures on Masonry. W. Finch. No place or date of 
publication, but from what is known of Finch's career, 
the work can be dated with approximate accuracy. 

(7) 

[1816]. Lectures and Ceremonies of Freemasonry. W. Finch. 8vo. 
As before, there is no date or place of publication, 
and the work is only dated by reference to the known 
facts of Finch's career. He is usually referred to as the 
masonic charlatan ; he devised a system of Freemasonry 
of his own, for the imparting of which he exacted fees. 
The catalogue of 1861, referred to above (under No. 4), 
mentions both these publications, 

3° 



(8) 
1847. A pamphlet printed by William Piatt, the Wor. Master 
of the Lodge of Friendship, No. 26, with a long title 
dedicating to the members of the Lodge " this cento 
of shreds and patches gleaned from the . . . eighteenth 
century," etc. A reprint of an address delivered in the 
Lodge. The contents are mainly biographical ; there is a 
copy in the Worcestershire Masonic Library. 

(9) 

1870. Masonic Lectures delivered in open Lodge, Chapter, etc., 

by R. W. Br. Col. Alexander Greenlaw (etc.). Madras, 
Higginbotham & Co., Publishers and Booksellers. 1870. 
Printed at the Asylum Press, Mount Road, by William 
Thomas. With a dedication to Earl Mayo, and preface. 
8vo. ; pp. viii, 240. 

Wolfstieg gives the publisher as Triibner, but they can 
only have published as London Agents for the Madras 
firm. He also gives the date with a query, but there 
is no doubt about it. He only knew of the work from a 
reference in a masonic periodical. 

(10) 

1871. Unpublished Records of the Craft. By William James 

Hughan, with valuable appendices (etc.). London: 
Kenning. 1871. 8vo. ; 54 pp. 

Only fifty copies were printed. The great xeputation 
Mr. Hughan subsequently attained as a masonic student 
has made all his early works to be eagerly sought after ; 
but this and No. A, ii, 17 have the added value of having 
been originally published in a very restricted edition. 

(11) 
1874. Memorials of the Masonic Union of A.D. 1813 (etc.). (A 
long title.) Compared and arranged by William James 
Hughan. London : Chatto & Windus. 1874. 4to ; 
Plate ; 119 pp. 

The work also included (and the title referred to) 
Dassigny's Serious and Impartial Enquiry, No. F 6 infra. 
A reprint was issued with additional matter, by the 
Leicester Lodge of Research in 1913. 

(12) 
1884. Origin of the English Rite (etc.). By William James 
Hughan. A preface by T. B. Whytehead. London : 
Kenning. 1884. 8vo ; 4 plates ; vii, 150 pp. 

In the preface to the second edition, of 1909, Mr. J. T. 

3i 



Thorp of Leicester speaks of this first edition as follows : 
" The limited edition was soon exhausted, and at the 
present time it is almost impossible to obtain a copy 
of the book, even at a very high price." 

(13) 
1893. Builders' Rites and Ceremonies. Two Lectures on the 
folk-lore of Masonry, delivered by G. W. Speth to the 
members of the Church Institute, Margate, on the 30th 
October and 13th November, 1893. Margate : Printed 
at Keble's Gazette Office. 1894. Paper covers ; 8vo ; 
52 pp. Only 200 copies printed. 

(14) 

1907. A history of the Westminster and Keystone Lodge. J. W. 
S. Godding. Plymouth : Brenton & Son. Only 250 
numbered copies printed. 

There are numerous Lodge and local Histories, in 
many cases privately printed, and in limited editions. 
Mr. F. Leigh Gardner has catalogued all that he could 
trace in Vol. Ill of his Catalogue Raisonne of works on 
the Occult Sciences (1912), but it would serve no useful 
purpose to attempt, in this place, to discriminate between 
them in respect of their rarity, even if it could be done 
satisfactorily. Wolfstieg, however, specifies one work 
of the kind as rare, which I should perhaps give. It is : 

(15) 

1882. An attempt at compiling a History of Freemasonry in 
Stafford (etc.). By T. Ward Chalmers. Wright. Staf- 
ford. 

Of this there is a copy in the Worcestershire Library. 



32 



(e) SERMONS AND SPEECHES 

(i) 

[1727]. A / SPEECH / Deliver'd to the / Worshipful and Ancient 

Society of / Free and Accepted Masons, / At a Grand 

Lodge, Held at Merchant's- / Hall, in the City of 

YORK, on St. John's / Day, December the 27th, 1726. 

/ The RIGHT WORSHIPFUL Charles Bathurst, Esq., 

/ Grand-Master. / By the Junior Grand-Warden. / 

Olim Meminisse Juvabit. / York : Printed for Thomas 

Gent, for the / Benin t of the Lodge. / 

The only copy that has been traced so far is in the 

British Museum. The Speech attracted much attention 

at the time and there were several reprints in Cole's 

Constitutions, A (1) 4 supra, and elsewhere. It is also 

of considerable historical importance and has in more 

recent years been reproduced in Hughan's Masonic 

Sketches and in other works. 

(2) 

1750. Brotherly Love Recommended. 

A sermon with a long title ; preached at Boston, 
U.S.A., on 27th Dec. 1749, by Chas. Brockwell. Pub- 
lished at Boston in 1750, the printer being John Draper. 
The only copy known is in the British Museum. This 
was also reprinted in the Pocket Books. 

(3) 

1750. A Sermon preached at Gloucester on 27 Dec, and printed 
for the Author by Robert -Raikes. The name of the 
preacher is unknown, and the only copy of the sermon 
itself is an imperfect one in the Library of Lodge Quatuor 
Coronati. Vide No. 231 of Mr. Dring's appendix already 
cited. 8vo ; 24 pp. There was a second edition in 
1752 of 30 pp. 

(4) 
1752. Masonry founded on Scripture, in a Sermon preached at 
Chatham on New Year's Day, 1752, by William Williams. 
London : 1752. 4to. Mentioned in the 1861 catalogue 
already referred to. 

(5) 

1757. The Light and Truth of Masonry explained. (With a long 
title.) By Thomas Dunckerley. London : Davey & 
Law. 8vo ; 40 pp. 

Two charges, one delivered at Plymouth on the occasion 
of the dedicating of a new Lodge room at the Pope's 

33 



Head Tavern, and the second at the same Lodge on the 
24th June in that year. The Lodge Quatuor Coronati 
possesses what appears to be the only copy known. 
There was a second edition in 1758, 4to, 24 pp., which is 
also of great rarity. 

(6) 
1757. A Discourse upon Masonry. By George Minty. Dublin : 
Printed for the Author, by Alex. M'Culloh, in Skinner 
Rom, 1757. 

With a very long title. The actual discourse was 
delivered in 1742 when the author was Master of a Lodge 
in England (which he does not specify). He appears to 
have embarked on the publication as a means of raising 
funds, and in 1772 he brought out a second edition, 
with the addition of " fraternal melody," the publisher 
being Wilkinson of Dublin, only on this occasion he stated 
that the oration had been delivered in that same year, 
the locality being unspecified. Both editions are quite 
rare. 

At p. 104 of Vol. IX of the Transactions of Lodge 
Quatuor Coronati will be found comments on the work 
and its author by Mr. Conder, who also transcribes in full 
the title page to the first edition. 

(7) 

1766. The Excellency and Usefulness of Masonry (etc.). By 
Thomas Bagnall. London : Stuart. 8vo ; pp. iv, 5-32. 
There is a copy in a masonic Library at Hamburg. 
(8a) 
1768. FREEMASONRY /The High-way to Hell. / a / SERMON: 
/ Wherein is clearly proved, / Both from Reason and 
Scripture ; That / all who profess these Mysteries are / 
in a State of Eternal Damnation. / (Two texts) / 
London : / Printed in the Year m,dcc,lxviii. / 
8vo ; 22 pp. 

(8b) 
1768. The same title, but " eternal " omitted, and the imprint 
is : London : Printed for Robinson and Roberts, at 
No. 25, in Paternoster Row, m,dcc,lxviii. 
8vo ; 39 pp. 

Except in respect of pagination and title, these are 
identical works and it is not possible to say which 
appeared first. Robinson and Roberts were the publishers 
of C 12 supra. The so-called Sermon was in practice a 
scurrilous pamphlet, and is quite unlikely to have been 
ever delivered. The writer is unknown. A second edition 

34 



was published on May 2nd, in this same year, also by 
Robinson and Roberts, " and sold by R. Goadby in 
Sherborne." There was a reprint by W. G. Jones and 
J. Millikin, at Dublin, also in this same year. There was 
further a German translation now and a French in 1769. 
The pamphlet has been reprinted with an introduction 
as No. V of the Leicester Masonic Reprints (1922). No 
Masonic Library appears to possess a copy of any edition. 
Wolfstieg gives the date of the first edition as 1761 
(his No. 3598), but this is an error. 

M 
1768. MASONRY / the / Turnpike-Road / to / Happiness m this 
Life / and / Eternal Happiness hereafter. / Dublin : / 
Printed by James Hoey, senior, at the/ Mercury, in 
Skinner- Row. m dec lxviii. / 
8vo ; 32 pp. 

m 

1768. The same, but the imprint is : London : Published April 18, 
1768. Printed for S. Bladon in Paternoster Row and 
sold by R. Goadby in Sherborne. 

These again are duplicates. The former is reprinted 
with No. 7 supra in No. V of the Leicester Reprints. 
The pamphlet is a reply to the Sermon by an unknown 
author. There is a copy of the Dublin edition at Leicester. 
There was a German translation published at Frankfort 
in 1769. The Sermon provoked three other rejoinders, 
all of great rarity to-day. They are : — 

(10) 

1768. Remarks on a Sermon lately Published (etc.). By John 
Thompson. London : Printed by S. Axtell and H. Hardy, 
for T. Evans, at No. 20, in Pater-noster Row. mdcclxviii. 
(Price One Shilling.) 8vo ; 35 pp. 

(") 

1768. Masonry Vindicated. A sermon (with a very long title). 
London : printed for J. Hinton. 1768. 8vo ; 35 pp. 

(12) 

1768. An Answer to a certain Pamphlet lately published under 
the solemn Title of " A Sermon, or Masonry the Way to 
Hell." By John Jackson. Philanthropos. 1768. 

In the Leicester Reprint Mr. J. T. Thorp, in the 
introduction, observes that of the whole series there are 
probably not more than a dozen copies in existence. 
These last three are unknown to Wolfstieg. 

35 



(13) 
1776. An Oration. Delivered at the Dedication of Freemason's 
Hall on Thursday May 23 1776. By William Dodd. 
Published by general request under the sanction of the 
Grand Lodge. London : Robinson. 1776. 

The Hall referred to is the present building in Great 
Queen Street. The speech was frequently reprinted in 
miscellanies, but copies of the original publication are 
scarce. There is one at Worcester. 

(14) 

1808. Orations of Fred. Dalcho. Reprinted by permission of 
the author under the sanction of the 111. the College of 
Knights of K.H. and the Original Chapter of Prince 
Masons of Ireland. Dublin : King. 

Of extreme rarity ; a copy in the Library of Lodge 
Quatuor Coronati, and another at Worcester. 



36 



(f) MISCELLANEOUS 

(i) 

[? 1722] 'HP* HE Free-masons, an Hudibrastic Poem. 8vo, 24 pp. 
X with a long title. The second edition of this with date 
1723 is in the B. M. ; the advertisement of this second 
edition appeared in the Daily Post of Feb. 15 of that 
year, as well as in other contemporary journals. (Rob- 
bins in Trans. Q.C. xxii, 75). Wolfstieg dates the first 
edition 1722, but Begemann states {History, ii, 173) 
that the work first appeared in 1723. These two editions 
were " Printed for A. Moore, near St. Paul's " ; a third 
edition was published in 1724 by Warner. 

(?) 

1725. The / Freemasons Vindication, / being an / ANSWER / 

To a Scandalous Libel, entituled the Grand Mistery / 
of the Free Masons discover'd &c. / wherein is plainly 
prov'd the falsity of that / Discovery, and how great an 
imposition it is on the Publick. / . . . 
A foolscap broadside ; there is a copy in the British 
Museum, and another in the Rawlinson papers at the 
Bodleian. It is an answer to No. C ii, 1. 

(3) 

1726. The Freemasons Accusation and Defence. 8vo, 39 pp. 

with a long title. Printed for J. Peele and 

N. Bradford. Advertised in Jan., and a second edition in 
March of that year. Wolfstieg also gives a third edition 
but without any details. There is a copy in the B. M. 

(4)- 

1726. A Full Vindication etc. By a Lover of Harmony and 

Good Fellowship. London : Printed for J. Roberts in 

Warwick Lane, 1726. Svo, 27 pp. A reply to the 

previous work. The only copy known is in the Bodleian. 

(5) 
1726. An Ode to the Grand Khaibar .... London : Printed 
and Sold by J. Roberts in the Oxford Arms Passage 
near Warwick Lane. 4to, 9 pp. The only copy known 
is in the Library of the Quatuor Coronati Lodge. It is 
written to bring into contempt the history and poems 
in the Book of Constitutions of 1723. 

(6) 
1730. A New Model For the Rebuilding Masonry etc. By Peter 
Farmer. Dedicated to Mr. Orator Henley. Printed for 

37 



J. Wilford. 32 pp., of which the last 16 are songs. 
The only copy known is in the B. M. 

(7) 
1731. A / DEFENCE / of / MASONRY, / Occasioned by a 
Pamphlet, / called / Masonry Dissected. / / Rams 
Sermo Mis, & magna Libido Tacendi. 

Juv. Sat. 2. / / 
London : / Printed for J. Roberts, near the Oxford- 
Arms, / in Warwick-Lane. / M.DCC.XXXI. 
Until within a few years ago this work was only known 
from the advertisements of its publication in the Daily 
Post and Daily Journal of Dec. 15th and 16th respectively, 
1730. There is now a copy in the Grand Lodge Library. 
Collation : 8vo ; half-title ; title ; pp. 1-27. It was 
reprinted in the Constitutions of 1738 with the same title, 
as also in Smith's Freemason's Pocket Companion of 
the same year. (B. 4.) But it is noteworthy that in the 
Constitutions, it is described as published in 1730, as in 
fact it was, whereas the date on the title-page is 1731. 

(8) 
1736. The Book M : or Masonry Triumphant. In two parts 
with a long title. Newcastle-upon-Tyne.: Printed by 
Leonard Umfreville and Company. The first part is a 
history, etc. ; the second consists of songs and poems 
with a list of meeting places of Lodges. It is in fact 
on the lines of the Pocket Companions. 8vo, x, 76 ; 
66, x pp. There is a copy in the Masonic Library at 
Leeds. 

(9) 

1744. A Serious and Impartial ENQUIRY Into the Cause of 
the present Decay of FREEMASONRY in the Kingdom 
of Ireland .... By Fifield Dassigny M.D. . . . Dublin : 
Printed by Edward Bate in George's-lane near Dame- 
Street. 4to, 80 pp. Only three copies known to exist ; 
one is in the Library of the G. L. of Iowa, and another 

at Leeds. . . 

(10) 

1758. A Collection of Freemasons' songs with complete list of all 

the regular Lodges both in England and Scotland down 

to the year 1758 by James Callendar. Edinburgh : 

Donaldson. 

(11) 

1765. A Defence of Freemasonry, (etc.). A long title, the imprint 
being : London : / Printed for the Author, and sold 
by W. Flexney, near / Grays-Inn Gate, Holborn ; and 

38 



E. Hood, near Stationers- / Hall, Ludgate-Street. 1765. 
/ (Price One Shilling.) 4to, 64 pp. This is a reply to 
Dermott's attack on the Grand Lodge and the history 
as put forward by Anderson and his followers. ^ There 
is a copy in the Library of Grand Lodge ; there may be 
others in private ownership. Reproduced in facsimile 
in Sadler's Masonic Reprints, 1898. 

(12) 

1773. Fraternal Melody. By Will. Riley. London : printed for 
the Author, in Great James Street, Bedford Row, Holborn, 
mdcclxxiii. (Price Two Shillings.) With a very long 
title; gives songs, etc., for the use of a number of different 
friendly societies. There is a copy in the Library of 
Grand Lodge. 

(13) 

1775. An Introduction to Freemasonry. In four parts ; W. 
Meeson ; Birmingham. 8vo, 100 pp. Published by 
Pearson and Rollason. Reprinted in London by Baldwin 
in 1776. A long title ; a copy exists in the Library of 
the Worcestershire Provincial G.L. 

(14) 

1783. The Use and Abuse of Freemasonry ; a work of the greatest 
utility to the brethren of the Society, to mankind in 
general, and to the ladies in particular. By George Smith. 
London : Kearsley. 4to ; xxvii, 399 pp. 

There is a copy at Hamburg. It contains, among 
other matters, a reprint of Dodd's Oration, No. E 13. 

(15) 

1788. The Institutes of Freemasonry ; to which are added a 
choice collection of epilogues, songs, etc. Addressed to 
the Sea Captains' Lodge. Liverpool : Johnson. 8vo, x, 
266 pp. A work on the lines of the Pocket Companions 
but with additional matter. 

(16) 
1790. The Philosophy of masons in several epistles from Egypt 
to a nobleman. London : Ridgway. 8vo, x, 265 pp. 
By Thomas Marryat. This provoked a reply by H. E. 
Holder, published by Pine, Bristol, in 1791 (8vo, 22 pp.) ; 
and to this in its turn an anonymous layman rejoined 
in a " Letter to H. E. Holder (Bristol : Routh, 1791 ; 
8vo, 11 pp.) ; to which Holder retorted with "An Answer 
to the layman's letter " (Bristol : Pine 1791. 8vo, 8 pp.). 
The whole set is rare. 

39 



(17) 
[? 1794]- A he Freemason's Repository, with songs, odes, etc., 
and the secret way of writing used among Masons. 
Birmingham : Printed by and for J. Sketchley, Auction- 
eer, No. 139, Moor Street, n.d. 8vo. As Sketchley got 
into financial difficulties in 1794 the book is not later, 
and Kloss considered it was published in 1786. There 
was a second edition in 1812. (cf. Note by Mr. J. T. 
Thorpe in Trans. Q. C. xviii, 147). 

(18) 

1799. The masonic Museum. Containing a select collection of 
the most celebrated songs, sung in all respectable Lodges, 
with a complete list of the Lodges of Instruction. 
London : Roach. 

There was a second edition in 1801 ; there is a copy 
of the first at Worcester. 

(19) 

1812. An Enquiry into the late disputes among the Freemasons 
of Ireland (etc.). Belfast : Printed by Joseph Smyth, 
115 High Street. 1812. 

With an extraordinarily verbose title, which will be 
found in full at p. 58 of Vol. X of the Transactions of 
Lodge Quatuor Coronati. Dr. Chetwode Crawley only 
knew of two copies, when describing the work in 1897. 

(20) 

1818. Masonic Melodies ; being a choice selection of the most 
approved masonic songs etc., etc., the whole set to 
music (etc.). By Luke Eastmann. Boston : 1818. 

There is a second edition of 1825, but it is not of the 
same rarity. 

(21) 

1880. The medals of the Masonic Fraternity described and illus- 
trated. By William T. R. Marvin. Boston: 1880. 
4to ; x, 329 pp. ; 18 plates. Only 160 copies were 
issued. 

(22) 

1 89 1. A Catalogue of Bibliographies, lists and catalogues of works 
on Freemasonry. Compiled by H. J. Whymper. London: 
4to ; 16 pp. Only 100 copies issued. 
* * * 

In conclusion a word may perhaps be said as to spurious 
40 



books. The non-existent First Part of the Constitutions 
of 1 8 15 has already been referred to ; but one occasionally 
sees mention made of an edition of the Constitutions 
printed at Brussels in 1722. There is no such work. 
Two works of dates prior to 1722 are given by Kloss ; 
they are A Short Analysis of the unchanged rites and 
ceremonies of Freemasons said to be printed for Stephen 
Dilly in 1676, and Observations and Enquiries relating to 
the brotherhood of the Freemasons, supposed to be written 
by Simeon Townsend and published in 1712. They 
have not been traced and the dates assigned to them 
make it unlikely that they ever will be. A list of all 
such bibliographical references is given by Mr. Dring 
at the end of the Appendix to his Inaugural Address, 
to which reference has already been made, and to which 
I would once more express my indebtedness as to many 
items in the present compilation. I would also wish to 
acknowledge the assistance and information given me by 
Mr. W. J. Songhurst, the Secretary of the Quatuor 
Coronati Lodge, and the help rendered by putting at my 
disposal many works in the Lodge Library. 



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