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ROD  AND  GUN 

IN  CANADA 

Volume  XI 

June  1909  to  May  1910 


INDEX 


1910. 

Woodstock,  Ontario. 
W.  J.  TAYLOR,  Publisher. 


A 

Adventure,  An  Island,  in  Georgian  Bay   Catherine  M.  Thompson  243 

Air,  The  Conquest  of  the                                                                    N.  M.  Browne  46 

Algonquin  National  Park,  A  Winter  Trip  through                                   G.  W.  Bartlett  502 

f           "          "    ,  The  Future  of  the   .  .A.  H.  S.  790 

"           "           "    ,  With  the  Eangers  in   A.  H.  S.  977 

Alpine  Club  of  Canada: 

Fourth  Annual  Camp                                Rev.  R.  B.  Cochrane       69,     426,  519 

Notes   .  ,                                               171,     906,    1056,  1202 

Presidential  Activity    801 

Two  Days'  Trip,  The   Rev.  A.  M.  Gordon  633 

Appreciation,  An                                                                           S.  Lent  McMullen  321 

Anglers,  A  Paradise  for    Miss  Lottie  McNiven  139 

Anglers  Worth  Money    1090 

Arrow  Head,  To  an                                                                     Rev.  A.  L.  Fraser  114 

Aspiration                                                                       '"harming  Gordon  Lawrence  127 

Athol  Hunt  Club,  A  Fine  Outing  of  the                                                       J.  G.  W.  751 

Automobiles  and  Automobiling    88 

B 

Backwoods  and  Waters,  By                                                                    C.  H.  Hooper  651 

Bag,  A  Western   :  696 

Bass  (Black)  Fly  Fishing  for                                                            .   J.  P.  BucJce  870 

"       "         11       "         "                                                           Walter  Greaves  692 

11       "       Fishing  in  Canada   J.  W.  Bartlett  44 

' '     Fishing  in  Sturgeon  Lake.  W.  Hickson  40 

11       11       "   the  Kawartha  Lakes,  One  Hour's     W.  Hickson  678 

Bear,  An  Adventure  with  a   A.  C.  Vaughan  144 

Beaver  Colony,  A  Saskatchewan   George  Harper  768 

Birch  Bark  Horn,  At  the  Call  of  the   L.  R.  Lordly  1131 

Birth  of  a  Day,  The   J.  B.  McCrea  1160 

Blood  Hounds  and  Trailing                                                                 Richard  Clapham  216 

Booklet  for  Tourists  and  Sportsmen,  Handsome    352 

Books  of  Interest  to  Sportsmen    715 

Bowen  Island,  A  Visit  to                                                                       P.  E.    Bucke  119 

British  Columbia,  A  Day  in  a  Snipe  Marsh  in   P.  E.  Bucke  867 

"          "      ,  A  Day  with  the  Sheep  in                                             C.  J.  Lewis  590 

"  11      ,  A  Christmas  Storm  in: 

Watching  the  Wild  Waterfowl                   Bonny  castle  Dale  569 

"           "        Canoe  Trip,  The  New   .'   31 

il          li        Salmon  Canneries,  A  Visit  to  the                                  Noel  Grant  784 

Buck  Fever,  A  Bad  Case  of..  Albert  J.  Wilson  403 

Buck,  Home.  Why  I  didn't  Bring  the   Ernest  J.  McVeigh  29 

Buffalo  Herd,  the  Canadian                                                                                  65.  250 

c 

"Canadaw"                                                                                         Max  Preston  21 

Camp  Fire,  Around  the  Rev.  W.  A.  Bradley,  B.  A.  665 

Camp  "Four-A-  ')ay ' '  won  its  Name,  How:  A  True  Bear  Story  D.  D.  S.  774 

Campers,  For    399 

Canadian  Backwoods,  A  Week  in  the   Miss  Davina  Waterson  302 

"     Camp  Club,  A  Holiday  at  the  A.  H.  S.  327 

"     Pacific  Railway,  and  now,  Before  the   Martin  Hunter  333 

Canoeing  on  the  Magnetawan  .*  Lillian  Waters  McMurtey  857 

Canoe  Trip,  The  New  British  Columbia   31 

Canuck,  A  Sporting  Trip  in  the:  Good  Shooting  near  Vancouver  R.  K.  Scarlett  135 

Cape  Breton,  N.  S.  The  Charms  of  W.  Boss  630 

Cat-Fish,  The  Toothsome                                                                        Chas  Jenkins  1002 

Christmas  Dinner,  How  I  missed  my  Silver   Gray  575 

"      Storm  in  British  Columbia;  Watching  the  Wild  Waterfowl  .  .Bonny castle  Dale  569 

Commissioner  for  Ontario,  The  Fish  and  Game   264 

Coon  Hunting  Incident,  An  Extraordinary                                      .  H.  P.  McQuiggan  797 

Coyote  on  the  Prairies,  Hunting  the   *  W,  Crozier  -676 

D  . 

Dawn,  Day,  Twilight,  Night   F.  F.  Donohue  131 

Deer  Head,  A  Fine  Freak   165 

"     Heads,  from  Quebec  Province,  line   J.  A.  C.  411 

"     Hunt  in  New  Brunswick,  A  Successful   W.  G.  Rankin  858 


"      Hunt,  Some  Experiences  of  our   E.  E.  Hartford  513 

"     Hunting  on  the  Moira  River,  Ont   W.  H.  Allison  412 

"     Look  for  the  Unexpected,  When  Hunting  Ernest  J.  McVeigh  517 

Desbarates,  Ont.,  as  a  Winter  Eesort   L.  0.  Armstrong  795 

Dog,    (Fox).    A    Famous    536 

Dog  for  Duck  and  Partridge  Shooting,  The  Best                                      R.  Clapham  758 

Dog,  A  Tree  Climbing  C.  A.  Norgren  1136 

"     that  became  a  Wolf,  The  E.  J.  McVeigh  759 

Dogs  as  Compaions  at  Home  and  Afield   Richard  Clapham  786 

Dog's  Faithful  Vigil,  A  August  Wolf  68 

Dreams,  Those  Castle  Building  Silver  Gray  S99 

Duck  Courtship,  An  Incident  of   Silver  Gray  899 

*'     Hunt,  a  Saskatchewan   *'   354 

'  '     Hunt  on  the  Rideau,  A  Day 's  J.  A.  Moriarty  344 

»     Hunter,  A  Good   1013 

"     Hunting,  The  Ethics  of   Wingshooter  349 

"     Shoot,  A  Saskatchewan   ..John  Young  1007 

V     Shooting  J.  R.  McCrea  849 

"           "      ,  A  Day's:  The  Last  before  Breaking  Camp  . . . .  .H.  S.  N.  708 

'*          "       Experiences  of  a  Deer  Hunter                                         Jack  Frost  314 

"          "       In  Manitoba                                                      Dr.  Fred  F.  Cadham  746 

'*           "       In  Manitoba                                                                W.  P.  Scarth  535 

>>          *'       In  Saskatchewan                                                        Mac  Davidson  307 

"          > '       In  Saskatchewan  Wesley  McCausland  681 

"           "       on  Stanley  Island,  Que  J.  W.  Bartlett  510 

"           "       Reminiscences                                                                        Canuck  583 

Ducks  Fly,  When  the  Mercury  Falls  the  A.  D.  Conger  1176 

"      (Wild)  in  Canada   Bonnycastle  Dale  1124 

E 

Earth,  The  Call  of  Victor  Shawe  544 

Echoes                                  i                                                .Robert  Page  Lincoln  492 

Exploring  and  Fishing  on  the  Rideau  Lakes   M.  G.  McElhinney  590 

F 

Firelight,  In  the;  The  Homesteaders  Miss  F.  E.  Bowie  664 

Fish  The,  Mounting  of;  The  Modus  Operandi   C.  H.  Hooper  7 

"    ,  A  Fisherm,an  Should  Know  His                                                 Capt  G.  Boles  343 

>'    ,  A  Fine  Muskoka                                                                       D.  K.  Clarice  1046 

"      and  Game  Commissioner  for  Ontario,  The   264 

"      and  Game  Protection  in  Nova  Scotia  .  Henry  O'Leary  134 

"      and  Game  Protective  Association,  Ontario    1210 

*■?      Culture  in  Newfoundland                                                           H.  M.  Mosdell  405 

»      Story,  A  W.  E.  McAllister  1006 

Fishing  (Bass)  on  Manitoulin  Island  W.  F.  B.  1149 

, "      (Lunge)  on  Moira  Lake,  Good  N.  M.  Maybee.  .1158 

"     in  Canada,  Black  Bass  J.W.  Bartlett  44 

"      "  Hastings  Co.  Ont.,  One  Hour's   357 

"      "  Lake  Huron   1148 

"      "  Newfoundland                                                          Dr.  W.  H.  Fitzmaurice  1004 

"      "  New  Waters   C.  W.  Young  993 

"      "  Rice  Lake,  Good  W.  G.  Rankin  1168 

"      "  Sturgeon  Lake,  Bass    W.  Hickson  40 

"      "  the  Kawartha  Lakes,  One  Hour's  Bass  W.  Hickson  678 

"      "  the  Laurentians                                                                          Hibernian  500 

.  "      "the  West  Indies,  Burraconda  H.  B.  Whidden  26 

"     Question,  A  Manitoba   755 

"     Trip,  An  Adventurous:  We  Were  a  Couple  of  Wise  Mugs.  .Dr.  J.  W.  Marshall  998 

"     at  Mattawabika  Falls,  A  Three  Day's  W.  G.  Cockburn  686 

"     ,  A  Nova  Scotian  H.  B.  Whidden  1154 

"     in  Good  Old  Nova  Scotia,  A  Successful  8.  W.  McCulloch  152 

"     on  Lake  Simcoe,  A  Successful  J.  N.  H.  869 

"     to  Newfoundland,  A  Salmon  J.G.  Taylor  493 

' '       with  a  Dead  One,  A  Short  Story  of  a  Trip  to  Manitoulin  Island  

 'Dr.  J.  W.  Marshall  145 

"     ,  What  They  Caught  When  H.  B.  Whidden  414 

"      (Fly)  for  Black  Bass  J.  P.  Bucke  870 

"         "for  Black  Bass   Walter  Greaves  692 

Forestry,  What  Our  Neighbors  Are  Doing  in  C.  Cameron  418 


Fortune  Smiled,  When  A.  L.  Slip,  L.  L.  B.  409 

Fox  Climb  a  Tree,  Cau  a  Capt.  G.  Boles  130 

"  ,  Shooting  a  Silver  A.  C.  Vaughan  340 

»  Thief,  The   H.  B.  Whidden  132 

Fur  Bearers,  The  King  of  Boot.  P.  Lincoln  248 

*'  ,  The  Hudson  Bay  Companies   313 

G 

Game,  A  Fine  Bag  of   882 

"     and  Fisheries  of  Ontario,  The    446 

"    Big,  Shooting  in  the  Yukon  Territory  C.  G.  Cowan  103 

"     Fish,  and  Forest  Protective  Association  of  Nova  Scotia,  People's   1214 

' '     Law  Amendments,  Nova  Scotia,  New  Brunswick,  Manitoba,  British  Columbia ....  166 

"     Laws,  The  Ontario    1090 

"    Problems,  Big:  Who  is  the  Pot  Hunter?  J  as.  Dickson,  O.  L.  S.  698 

Gatineau,  A  Bad  Miss  on  the:  Did  You  Ever  Shoot  Down  Hill  and  How  Did  It  Work  t 

 ...E.  J.  McVeigh  603 

Geese  (Wild),  With  a  Kodak,  Shooting                                                   W.  A.  Smith  238 

Goose  Chase,  A  Wild   F.  B.  Webster  844 

"     Shooting  in  Manitoba,  A  Day's  Good  A.  M.  Murdoch  111 

"         "       the  West   S.  E.  M.  Chisholm  309 

"     ,  The  Wild   J.  B.  McCrea  745 

Gopher,  The  Prairie   ,  H.  M.  Allan  621 

Grand  Trunk  in  London,  England,  The   355 

Grayling  and  the  Trout,  The  .  J.  B.  Currie  250 

Grizzly,  Life  and  Death  Struggle  With  a;  A  Story  of  Heroic  Endurance  and  Skill   1005 

Grizzlies,  At  Close  Quarters  With  Three  W.  A.  Hillis  608 

Grouse  in  Alberta   R.  A.  Barker  23 

"     Shooting  in  the  Northland:  From  the  Cock  Bird's  Point  of  View.:   617 

"     (Euffed)  and  the  Trout  in  British  Columbia,  The  Bonny  castle  Bale  297 

"         "        The  Habits  and  Vanishing  of  Our  W.  Hickson  323 

vjn*ide,  The  Characteristics  of  a  Fine  Backwoods  P.  C.  R.  H.  442 

Guides'  Association,  Nova  Scotian   436 

Guides  in  Conference,  Nova  Scotian  357,  799 

Gun  Borer,  A  Famous    162 

Gruns  and  Their  Loads,  Shot :  Single  Trigger   30 

H 

Hamilton  Gun  Club  Annual  Tournament,  The:   821 

Harbinger  of  Spring,  A   Dorothy  P.  Dyar  1153 

Hares,  A  Good  Fall  for                                                                .Reginald  Gourlay  123 

Harvest  Moon,  In  the  Wane  of  the  W.  A.  Staebler  257 

Highlands  r*  Ontario,  The...  *.   871 

Historic  Ground,-  A  Holiday  on                                                              W.  H.  Allison  576 

Holiday,  A  Canadian:  The  Land* of" the  Speckled  Trout  J.  N.  Gibbon  769 

Homesteader,  Experiences  of  a  Woman:  An  Adventure  .with  a  Bear.  .  .  .Dorothy  P.  Dyar  1011 

Hound  (Basset)  for  Sport,  The   Richard  Clapham  159 

Hudson  Bay  Companies  Furs,  The  .  .  .   313 

Hunt,  A  Successful  Big  Game   P.  PL.  Roos  872 

' '     in  Nova  Scotia,  A  Winter  Sagamoreh  743 

"     in  Algoma,  Ont.,  A  three  Days'   .Max  540 

"    ,  The  End  of  the  E.  G.  Faddden  682 

Hunter  and  Trapper,  A  Successful  Young  Dr.  J.  W.  Marshall  1062 

Hunter 's  Longing,  The   ,  T.  N.  Lang  ford  402 

Hunting  by  Motor  Car,  Game  Bird   1026 

"     in  a  Settled  Section  F.  H.  W.  Louis  767 

"      In  the  Y^:on  Territory,  Big  Game                                                C.  G.  Cowan  219 

"     Party,  A  Successful   F.  L.  Nickle  111 

\  _'9     Scene,  A  Prairie    796 

Season,  Notes  on  the  Last  Ontario  G.  J.  Mitchell  697 

"       "    "    "      "   E.J. McVeigh  699 

"     Trip  on  a  British  Columbia  Island,  A                                 . . .  .L.  A.  Noecker  1017 

"      (Still)  with  a  Camera,   ,  F.  B.  Doud  213 

"      Yarn,  A  True  G.  A.  W.  794 

I 

Incident,  A  Peculiar   ,  E.  J.  McVeigh  444 

Indian  Keserves,  Visiting  the:  An  Interesting  Canoe  Trip  J.  M.  Bentley  483 

"     River,  B.C.,  Our  Trip  to  :  E.  Benson  16 

'*      Summer  at  Lake  of  Bays   W.  PL.  M.  680 


K 

Kaliki,  The  New  Rod  Wood  P.  E.  Bucke  602 

King  of  the  Pool,  The  J.  G.  McArthur  1022 

L 

Lady  Fishing  Champion,  A   A.  T.  M.  242 

Lady's  Hunting  Trip,  A  Mrs.  A.  G.  Adams  400 

Lake  Huron,  Fishing  in    1148 

"      Simcoe  A  Successful  Fishing  Trip  on   J.  N.  H.  869 

"      Superior,  The  North  Shore  of   Martin  Hunter  421 

Lesson  of  the  Lake,  The   C.  G.  Lawrence,  B.  A.  582 

Lone  Trail  Man,  The  S.  B.  Broadfoot  992 

Lowlands,  Song  of  the   Chas.  H.  Chesley  501 

Luek,  The  Philosophy  of   O.  E.  Morehouse  1060 

M 

Manitoba,  A  Day's  Good  Goose  Shooting  in   A.  M.  Murdoch  777 

"      ,  Duck  Shooting  in  Dr.  E.  F.  Cadham  74 

Manitoulin  Island,  Fishing  Trip  to  Dr.  J.  W.  Marshall  145 

Maskinonge,  The  Wary  Gamey                                                           M.  W.  G.  Purser  115 

May   Rev.  A.  L.  Eraser  1145 

Medicine  Bag,  Our                    74,    176,    264,   361,    547,    634,    717,    803,  912,    1064,  1220 

"     Valley,  Night  on  the   Dorothy  P.  Dyar  343 

Mercury  Falls  the  Ducks  Fly,  When  the    A.  D.  Conger  1176 

Metcalfe  Hunt  Club,  Success  of  the  Alex  McCallum  1192 

Metagami  Forest  Keserve,  The   H.  W.  Lyons  850 

Miramichi,  N.B.,  A  Trip  up  South  West  J  as.  Norrad  545 

Mitchell,  Ont.,  Hunt  Club,  Good  Luck  of  J.L.D.  509 

Moira  Lake,  Good  'Lunge  Fishing  on  N.  M.  Maybee  1158 

Moonlight,  By   Miss  F.  C.  Bowie  574 

Moose,  Experiences  with   Nimrod  128 

"     ,How  to  Hunt  and  Avoid  G.  H.  H:  Nase  156 

■    "      ,  The  Calling  of   B.  P.  Doherty,  D.  D.  S.  786 

' '     Hunt,  An  Alleged                                                                  W.  N.  Wilkinson  502 

"  ,  A  New  Brunswick   J.  D.  Tompkins       34  431 

"  in  North  Western  Ontario,  A  Successful  Hank  930 

"         "  Quebec.  A  Successful   H.  A.  McCrea,  L.  D.  S.  438 

"  ,  Our  Unsuccessful   Tenderfoot  415 

"     Hunts  on  a  Quebec  Game  Preserve   F.  B.  Guild  393 

"     Hunting  in  Nova  Scotia,  1908   Leslie  B.  Fairn  781 

"          "      "      "         "         "   Frank  Boop  783 

Morning   Bev.  A.  L.  Eraser  318 

Morpheus,  To  Bev.  A.  L.  Fraser  785 

Mountain  Climbing  at  Night  in  Nova  Scotia   Z.  M.  579 

"      Goats,  Catching  the  Kids  of  the   C.  A.  Chapman  1194 

'"     Sheep,  The  Campbell  J.  Lewis  312 

Mountaineering  Experiences  in  the  Canadian  Kockies,  A  Novice's  .A.  M.  Farquhar  605 

Muskrat  trapping  in  Ontario   Len  D.  Nesbitt  359 

N 

National  Park,  The  Canadian   63 

Natural  Kesources,  Conservation  of  our : 

Economic  Value  of  Game,  Fish  and  other  Game  . .  .  Thos.  Bitchie     126  623 

New  Brunswick,  A  Successful  Deer  Hunt  in   ,  W.  G.  Bankin  858 

Camping  Trip,  A:   Happy  Under  Adverse  Conditions  K.  H.  M.  1161 

Moose  Hunt,  A   J.  D.  Thompkins       34  431 

Newfoundland,  A  Salmon  Fishing  Trip  to   J.  G.  Taylor  493 

Nepigon  :  Martin  Hunter  532 

Nipissing  Hunt  Club's  Annual                                                                    B.  Donagh  861 

No  Man's  Land   ...A.  B.  Douglas  301 

No  Misso  Louis  Augustin  627 

Northcliffe 's  Catch,  Lord    613 

Northland,  A  Morning  in   David  W.  Brooks  404 

North  Saskatchewan,  To  the   Vladmir  Dillon  18 

Nova  Scotia,  People's  Game,  Fish  and  Forest  Protective  Association  of   1214 

"    ,  Fish  and  Game  Protection  in:  Eeport  of  Chief  Commissioner   58 

"    ,  Moose  Hunting  in,  1908   L.B.  Fairn  781 

"    ,      "         "       "     "                                                          Frak  Boop.  783 

"    ,  Mountain  Climbing  at  Night  in    Z.  M.  579 


"       "    ,  Protective  Work  in    527 

"        "    ,  Reminiscences  of  Woodcock  shooting  in   L.  B.  Lordly  842 

"       "    ,  Salmon  and  Trout  Fishing  in   Silver  Grey  1188 

M  Scotian  Fishing  Trip,  A  H.  B.  Whidden  1154 

"    Guides'  Association   '   436 

"       "    Guides  in  Conference                                                                        357  799 

"       "    Trip,  A   Lancelot  A.  Purcell  714 

Novices,  Not  Bad  for    545 

o 

Old  Man  River,  Indian  Legend  of   F.  Kidd  66 

"  Ontario,  Some  Stories  of  J>  E.  Orr     259     704  1040 

One  that  Did  Not  Get  Away,  A  Big   G.  E.  Bichardson  22 

Ontario,  A  Successful  Moose  Hunt  in  North  Eastern                                           Hank  930 

"     ,  Fish  and  Game  Protection  in                                              54,     251,     252,  253 

"     ,     "      "       "    Protective  Association   1210 

"     Game  and  Fisheries,  The    446 

"     Game  Laws,  The   890 

' '     ,  The  Fish  and  Game  Commissioner  for   264 

' '     ,  The  Highlands  of   871 

"     ,  Fish  and  Game  Protection  in  Southern    895 

Operation,  A  Long  Distance  B.  Manley  Orr  143 

Opinions,  Other  People's                                                                           546,      716,  802 

P 

Path  by  the  River,  The   Stokley  S.  Fisher,  D.D.,  Sc.  D.  614 

Parry  Sound,  Sport  in  B.  Clapham  1180 

Perils  of  the  Chase,  The   G.  H.  H.  Nase  528 

Pheasants  in  Canada,  English   Jack  Miner  880 

Photography  in  the  Backwoods  Davina  Waterson  12£ 

Physical  Culture   F.  E.  Dorchester,  N.  S.  P.  E. 

Constipation — Intricacies  in  Exercise — Big  Muscles    61 

A  Nation's  Need    347 

Medicine  and  Nature    255 

Self  Styled  Experts  and  Scientific  Specialists    455 

Weight  Lifting  vs.  Light  Bell — High  Mindedness    163 

Pointer,  A  Famous:  Old  Hook  Beginald  Gourlay  1014 

Preserves  for  Ontario,  Proposed  Fish  and  Game;  Important  Recommendations 

of  the  Dominion  Commission    42 

Prince  Edward  Island,  An  Exciting  Shooting  Trip  in  .  .  .  C.  H.  Beer  625 

Prospectors  at  Work  and  at  Play    516 

Protection  in  Nova  Scotia,  Fish  and  Game;  Report  of  the  Chief  Commissioner   58 

"  Ontario,  Fish  and  Game   Bev.  E.  M.  Bowland  54 

"     ,    "      "      "   John  Floyd  251 

"     ,    "      "     *"   E.H.Kelcey  252 

"     ,    "      "      "  E.  B.  Kerr  253 

"  Southern,  Ontario,  Fish  and  Game    895 

' '     Work  in  Nova  Scotia   527 

'         "    "  Quebec                                                                                 898,  776 

Q 

Queen  Charlotte  Islands,  Folk  Lore  of  the  Isaiah  G.  Craig  701 

Quebec,  A  Successful  Moose  Hunt  in   H.  A.  McCrea,  L.  D.  D.  438 

' '    Game  Preserves,  Successful  Moose  Hunts  on  F.  B.  Guild  393 

"     ,  Protective  Work  In  . ..."                                                                        776  798 

"     Province,  Fine  Deer  Heads  from   J.  A.  C.  411 

R 

Railroad  Construction  in  the  North,  A  Summer  on  E.  B.  Gray  610 

Reminiscences,  A  Sportsman's  Pleasant;  Game  Conditions  in  California  N.  P.  Leach  448 

"         of  Old  Ontario,  Some  Old  Time   Jas.  E.  Orr  524 

Revisiting  the  Old  Farm  Home  Bev.  W.  A.  Bradley,  B.  A.  122 

Rice  Lake,  Good  Fishing  in   W.  G.  Bankin  1168 

"    "     ,  Ont,  Wild  Ducks  on   .M.  W.  G.  Purser  335 

Rideau  Lakes,  Exploring  and  Fishing  on  the   M.  G.  McElhinnney  590 

Rifle,   The   o64,     648,     733,     818,     954,  1104 

Rockies,  A  Novice's  Mountaineering  Experiences  in  the  Canadian        A.  M.  Farquhar  605 

"     ,  Wandering  in  the — A  Lost  Fishing  Party...  E.  M.  Allworth  1018 

Rond  Eau  Park,  Fishing  at  Blue  Bell  425 

Rosedale,  Balsam  Lake,  Ont.,  Two  Weeks  in  Camp  at...  W.  Mulerhill  319 


s 

Salmon  and  Trout  Fishing  in  Nova  Scotia  Silver  Grey  1188 

"      Canneries,  A  Visit  to  the  British  Columbia  Noel  Grant  784 

' 1      Trout,  How  I  Caught  a  Big  .  Master  Talman  W.  Van  Arsdale  129 

Saskatchewan  Beaver  Colony,  A  Geo.  Harper  768 

"           Duck  Hunt,  A   354 

"                   Shoot,  A                                                                  John  Young  1007 

"        ,      11    Shooting  in   Mac  Davidson  307 

"       ,      "         "       "   Wesley  McCausland  691 

"       ,  To  the  Narth  Vladmir  Dillon  18 

"       ,  Protective  Work  in   884 

* 1       ,  Yellow  Ball,  A  Legend  of  the  W.J.  Barclay  663 

Sawbill,  The  Capt.  G.  Boles  894 

Sheep  in  British  Columbia,  A  Day  with  the  C.  J.  Lewis  590 

Snipe  Marsh  in  British  Columbia,  A  Day  in  a  .P.  E.  Bucke  867 

Snowshoe  Song,  A  Canadian  Dorothy  P.  Dyar  7b5, 

Snowshoes  and  Their  Uses  .S.  E.  Sangster  T&T 

Snow  Trails  Harry  A.  Auer  831 

South  West  Miramichi,  N.B.,  A  Trip  up                                                   .  .  J  as.  Norrad  045 

Sport  in  Parry  Sound  R.  Clapham  1180 

Sports  Afloat   83 

Spotty  the  Fox  Jas.  G.  MacArthur  631 

Squirrel,  The  Flying     H.  Henshall  683 

Stanley  Island,  Que.,  Duck  Shooting  on  J.  W.-Bartlett  510 

Stevens  Productions,  The  Story  of   174 

St.  Maurice,  White  Water  Men  of  the  Martin  Hunter  114(1 

Stories  of  Old  Ontario,  Some  Old  Time  Jas.  E.  Orr.  259,  704,  1045 

T 

Temagami,  A  Holiday  in  Beautiful  F.  W.  Strother  674 

"       ,  Lady  Evelyn  Hotel,  Lady  Evelyn  Lake,  In  Beautiful   263 

"       ,  The  Trails  of   Victor  Shawe  15 

Tenderfoot's  Revenge,  The  Dr.  Hart  598 

Terrier,  The  Airedale  E.  Clapham  338 

"      ,    "   S.  P.  M.  Tasker  508 

Theory,  An  Exploded   E.  J.  McVeigh  231 

Three  Men  on  a  River  Rev.  T.  A.  Wilson  1203 

Trade  Notes    1236 

Tiagedy,  A  Midnight  W.  E.  Troup  1052 

Trout  Fishing  in  Sheep  Creek,  Alta  E.  M.  Allworth  670 

Tuna  in  Chester  Bay,  N.S.,  A  Morning  with  the  L.  B.  Lordly  612 

Trap,  The   90,    188,    277,    376,.  473,  .553,    644,    729,    .814,    944,    1092,  1244 

Two  Weeks  in  Paradise.    W.  H.  Thurston  1133 

V 

Vagrant,  The  Miss  H.  Rogers  425 

Vance,  Joseph,  and  His  Wild  Animal  Pets.    Part  I  Rev.  W.  A.  Bradley,  B.A.  1170 

Vancouver  Island,  Camping  on  ,  J.  E.  Sears  756 

11           11       Flood   A  Victim  717 

Sport,  Eeminiscences  of  L.  Fred  Brown  1137 

W 

Wh'-ta  Water  Men  of  the  St.  Maurice  Martin  Hunter  1146 

Wild  Animal  Pets,  Mr.  Joseph  Vance  and  His                        .Rev.  W.  A.  Bradley,  B.A.  1170 

"    Things  of  the  Swamp,  The  R.  Gourlay  452 

Wilderness  Paradise,  A   19 

Windego's  Tepee,  The  F.  C.  Armstrong  886 

Winnipeg  in  the  Seventies,  On  Lake  A.  C.  Vaughan  874 

Wolf  Bounty  Frauds   1218 

* '     Hunting  in  Quebec   633 

"  ,  The  A.  R.  Douglas  1186 

Wolves  in  British  Columbia  ..;   611 

Woodcock,  an  Ideal  Bag  of  R.  Gourlay  587 

Shooting  in  Nova  Scotia,  Reminiscences  of  L.  R.  Lordly  842 

Woodland,  Voices  of  the  Arthur  Ormandy  742 

Woods,  The  Call  of  the  R.  S.  Somerville  601 

Y 

Yellow  Ball,  A  Legend  of  the  Saskatchewan  W.  J.  Barclay  663 

Yukon  Territory,  Big  Game  Shooting  in  the  C.  G.  Cowan  103 

Zephyr,  Song  of  the  Kathleen  E.  Mundy  332 


1274 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


STERLINGS  WIN* 

PALM    BEECH  EVENTS 

Endurance    and    Superiority    of    Sterling    Engines    Again  Demonstrated 

The  •'Dewey."  powered  with  a  45-65  H.P.  Sterling  engine,  at  Palm  Beach.  Florida,  March  19,  won  the 
longest  endurance  race  ever  held  for  speed  boats,  carrying  with  it  the  largest  purse  ever  contested  for,  $2,500.00 
in  gold;  also  $200.00,  the  aggregate  sum  received  as  entrance  money,  besides  a  handsome  cup.  The  contest  was 
2.3  times  around  a  5.2  miles  course,  a  total  distance  of  119.18  statute  miles,  having  92  turns,  showing  an 
average  speed  of  25  miles  per  hour. 

The  Courier  II.  won  the  speed  trials— powered  with  a  249  Horse  Power  Stirling  Racing  Engine  she'was  un- 
officially timed  doing  35.73  miles  per  hour. 


DEWEY-THE  WINNER. 


Sterling  Engine  Company,  1252  Niagara  St.,  Buffalo,  N.Y.,  U.S.A 


IN  4  COLORS— 

White  with  Black. 

Black  with  Olive. 
Size  0,  lie  per  yard. 
Size     lfc  per  yard. 
Size  1,  2c  per  yard. 


Silk  Fish  Line 

Made  on  latest  im- 
proved machinery. 
Absolutely  pure, 
strength  guaranteed, 
the  strongest  and 
lightest  line  made. 


Black  with  White. 
Black  with  Brown. 

Size  2,  3ic  per  yard. 
Size  3,  3c  per  yard. 
Size  4,  3fc  per  yard. 


Patent  Waxed  Lines 

Guaranteed  not  to  absorb  water. 
Superior  Line  for  Casting. 
Size  0,  2\  cents  per  yard. 
Size     2|  cents  per  yard. 
Size  1,  3  cents  per  yard. 
Size  2,  3£  cents  per  yard. 
Casting  Line — Size  00,  \\  cents  per  yard. 


Enamelled  Lines 

Not  a  union  line,  but  the  best  silk. 

ENAMELLED  BY  HAND. 

Size     3|  cents  per  yard. 
Size  1,  4  cents  per  yard. 
Size  2,  4£  cents  per  yard. 
Size  3,  5  cents  per  yard. 
Size  4,  5f  cents  per  yard. 

Size  0,  \\  cents  per  yard. 


Put  up  on  cards,  25,  50,  75  and  100  yards  continuous  lengths. 
For  Sale  By 

E.  BREGENT,  ART  ROSS  &  CO., 

192  St.  Catherine  St  E.,  Montreal  172  Pearl  Street,  Montreal 

JAS.  WALKER  HARDWARE  CO.,  LTD.,  252  St.  Jame*  Street,  Montreal. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


1 


WINCHESTER 

.22  CALIBER  REPEATING  RIFLE 

Handling  .22  Short,  .22  Long  *nd  .22  Long  Rifle  Cartridges 

This  rifle,  the  Model  1906,  will,  without  change  or 
readjustment,  handle  either  of  these  three  cart- 
ridges, which  makes  it  equally  well  adapted  for 
target  or  small  game  shooting.  It  takes  down 
easily  and  packs  in  a  small  compass.  The  list 
price  is  only  $10.50  and  it  retails  for  less.  It  is, 
without  doubt,  the  best  value  in  a  rifle  ever  offered. 

Winchester  Guns  and  Ammunition— the  Red  W  Brand— are  Sold  Everywhere. 
WINCHESTER  REPEATING  ARMS  CO.,       -        NEW  HAVEN,  CONN. 


$110.00  COMPLETE 


One  of  Our  Leaders 


This  two  cylinder,  two  cycle,  three 
port  reversible  engine,  equally  as  pow- 
erful running  either  direction,  weight 
128  lbs.,  coil  for  each  cylinder.  Swings 
a  16  inch  2  blade  propeller  800  to  900 
revolutions,  depending  on  the  design  of 
your  boat.  Drives  an  ordinary  18  to  20 
ft.  speed  boat  10  to  11  miles  an  hour. 
One  customer  writes :  "I  can  cut  circles 
around  any  of  the  same  model  boats 
as  mine  that  have  twice  the  rated 
power."  This  is  a  very  satisfactory  letter  to  us,  but  must  be  more  satisfactory  to 
our  customer.  We  would  like  to  furnish  you  with  one  of  these  engines  so  you  or 
your  report  would  be  the  same.  More  power  for  the  weight  than  any  engine 
made.  We  have  built  this  same  size  over  6  years.  Send  for  catalogue  of  all  sizes 
from  2  to  60  H.  P.    Very  simple;  all  parts  interchangeable.    Reliable  agents  wanted. 


$110.00  COMPLETE 


Wonder  Manufacturing  Co. 

200  Tallman  Street,  Syracuse,  N.Y. 


When  writing  Advertisers  Jcindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


2 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


M"t"H" 


WATERMAN 

IIHIIIIIIIIHHIII  Hlllllllllllll  I —HUB Mil  ■Ill  IIWIIIIIM  ■  II IIIIIIIIWII llllll IlillllHIMMMMM I 

Marine  Motors 

Unsurpassed  for  simplicity,  reliability,  durability.    Few  parts. 
Easily  understood  and  most  reasonable  in  cost. 

Here  is  Model  A  -ja-aynv 

2  cylinder — 2  cycle;  built  with  the  cylin- 
der and  head  in  one  piece;  no  joints  to 
leak.  Cylinders  quickly  removeable. 
Ignition  is  jump  spark.  Plunger  pump 
insures  perfect  circulation  of  water  in 
cylinder — can  be  fitted  to  use  as  bilge 
pump.  Can  be  reversed  instantly  while 
running,  and  runs  with  equal  power  in 
either  direction.  Equipped  with  Scheb- 
ler  Carburetor  and  rotary  timer  and 
mulfiple  sight  feed  oiler.  Designed  for 
all  types  of  pleasure  and  commercial 
boats.  Many  of  the«e  Model  A  motors 
have  records  of  5  years'  actual  service 
without  calling  for  one  cent  for  repairs. 

6-8  H.  P.  150  pounds 

Actual  power,  not 

The  best  motor  ever  built,  quality,  equipment  and  price  considered.  Every  X 
one  fully  and  specifically  tested  before  shipment.    Send  for  Catalogue  A  and  learn  \  \ 

fully  about  this  dependable  motor. 

Make  a  Motor  Boat  of  any  Boat 
in  5  Minutes 


MODEL  A 


10-12  H.  P.  200  pounds 
'motor  power" 


And  it's  no  experiment — there's  no  guesswork  about  it — neither  is  there 
disappointment — simply  can't  be  because  the  little  motor  "motes."  It  is  not 
a  toy  but  a  dependable  motor.  If  you've  a  skiff,  row  or  sailboat,  or  dinghy, 
you  ought  to  have  one. 

A  little  2  h.p.  marine  motor  (40  lbs  complete),  that  you  attach  to  the  stem- 
post  of  your  boat  in  5  minutes  without  any  tools.  Drives  an  18-ft.  rowboat  7 
miies  an  hour  and  run  4  hours  on  1  gallon  gasoline.  Can  be  detaoied  from 
boat  just  as  quickly  and  stored  in  box  in  which  it  is  carried.  Equipped  with 
Schebler  Carburetor.  Simplest  motor  made — does  not  get  out  of  order. 
Four  years  successful  results  behind  it.  Don't  be  afraid,  it  will  fill  your  ex- 
pectations,   Send  for  Catalog1  C. 

Waterman  fannp  Mnforc  The  Waterman  Canoe  Motor  is 

waterman  banoe  motors  the  only  specially  designed  canoe 

motor  on  the  market.  Made  in  1,  2,  3  and  4  cylinders  and  shipped  ready  for 
installation.    Send  for  Catalog  K. 


WATERMAN  MARINE  MOTOR  CO. 


■M"M' 


1519  FORT  STREET  WEST,  DETROIT,  MICH.,  U.S.A. 

ROBER  MACHINERY  CO.,  Portland,  Ore.,  Western  Distributors  for  Our  Products 


«H»H"H"H"t» 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


3 


No.  10  $3.50 

Size  of  seat    16  x  16 

Height  of  back  from  seat  23  in. 
Height  of  arm  from  seat  9%  in. 


No.  14  $5.00 

19  x  19 
26  in. 
10  in. 


No.  12  $4.00 

18  x  17 
24  in. 
20  in. 


THE  distinctive  feature  about  my  Willow  Furniture  is  not  the  price,  but  the  quality — lots  of  Art  Furniture  is 
sold  at  less,  but  you  would  not  want  it  at  any  price  when  placed  alongside  of  YOUNGER'S  WILLOW  FUR- 
NITURE. I  grow  my  own  willow.  I  supervise  personally  the  workmanship.  I  guarantee  strength  and 
durability  of  every  article.  As  to  BEAUTY  of  this  furniture,  it  speaks  for  itself.  The  handsome  set,  illustrat- 
ed above,  sells  for  $12.50.  It  comprises  three  comfortable  arm  chairs,  made  of  Willow.  That  means  coolness  and 
comfort.  There  is  no  reason  in  the  world  why  you  should  sit  in  an  unventilated  and  unhealthy  upholstered  chair 
when  you  can  buy  these  artistic  chairs  at  prices  from  $3.50  to  $10. 

We  also  manufacture  a  variety  of  other  Rush  and  Willow  Furniture,  including  Settees,  Arm  Chairs,  Fancy 
Chairs,  Invalid's  Chairs,  Tables,  Picnic  Baskets,  Automobilists'  Baskets,  and  numerous  other  articles.  Special 
baskets  of  any  style  made  to  order.    No  extra  packing  charges  for  shipping  to  outside  points.     Send  for  catalog. 

W.  YOUNGER,  666  Yonge  St.,  Toronto 


GOOD  HEALTH! 
DRINK 

Bromo  Mineral 


The  well  known  morning  bracer. 
Sweetens  a  sour  stomach. 

Sold  at  all  Hotels  in  Canada. 

ALSO  DEALERS 
IN  ALL  KINDS  OF 

HOTEL  GLASSWARE 

AND 

HOTEL  SUPPLIES. 

BROMO  MINERAL  CO. 

86  Church  Street,  Toronto,  Ont. 


E.  W.  DARBEY 


Wholesale  and  Retail  Dealer  in 

Indian  Curios 
Game  Heads 
Elk  Tusks 
Live  Animals 
Glass  Eyes 

Official  Taxidermist  to  Manitoba 
Government 

TAXIDERMIST  SUPPLIES 


233  MAIN  STREET 

WINNIPEG,        -  MAN. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


4 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


SMOKE 


Van 
Home 


The  highest  grade  10  cent 
cigar  in  Canada. 

Sold  at  10  cents  and — by 
comparison — worth  more. 


Harris,  Harkness  &  Co.,  Makers,  Montreal,  Que, 


COMPARISON  proves  this  "Perfection"  Marine  Engine  better  than  those  sold  at  $65,  and 
more  —  the  most  powerful,  efficient,  substantial,  best  looking  Engine  sold.     In  every 
essential  feature  equals  the  most  expensive.    Different  only  in  price.    Low  price  possible 
as  a  result  of  economies  due  to  large  output. 

PERFECTION?"  $45 

Complete 

MARINE  ENGINES 

are  sold  on  the  "square  deal"  plan.  We  guarantee  to 
satisfy  or  replace  with  a  new  Engine,  without  quibbling. 
You  will  be  satisfied. 

Specifications  of  2  h.  p.:  Cylinders,  3  inch  bore  x  3% 
inch  stroke,  drop  forged  crank  shaft,  best  babbitted  bear- 
ings, elevated  commutator  with  gears  enclosed.  Cylin- 
ders and  pistons  ground  to  a  mirror  finish  —  Built  like  an 
automobile  Engine.  Enamelled  in  Carmine,  handsomely 
striped.    Looks  fit  for  your  boat  and  is  fit. 

If  thi3  size  suits  you,  order  and  we  will  ship  imme- 
diately. Catalogue  shows  full  line,  2  to  25  h.  p. —  one  to 
four  Cylinders  at  proportionate  prices.  Let  us  have  your 
order  now.  Anyway  write  for  the  Catalogue.  Special 
inducements  to  Canadian  buyers. 

The  CAILLE  PERFECTION  MOTOR  CO.,  1354  Second  Ave.,  Detroit,  Mich. 

We  make  Stationary  Engines  for  Farm  and  Shop.   Catalogue  Free. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


5 


MOTOR  BOAT  and  AUTOMOBILE 

Insurance 


We  issue  all  the  latest  and  best 
forms  of  policies. 

Motor  Boats  insured  against  fire 
and  marine  perils,  while  running  and 
while  laid  up  for  the  winter. 

Automobiles  insured  against  fire, 
explosion,  theft,  the  risks  of  transpor- 
tation and  damage  done  and  received 
in  collision. 

Write  us  for  further  particulars 
  and  rates  


Dale  &  Company,  Ltd. 

INSURANCE  UNDERWRITERS 

Room  20,  Coristine  Bldg.,  Montreal,  Canada 


WHEN  "S NAGGED" — DON'T  PULL 

break  and  lose  several  feet  of  line,  and  experience  the  incon- 
venience of  refttting  your  line  with  hooks,  sinjcers,  etc, 

Prevent  this  loss  of  valuable 
time  by  using 

Immell's  Snagged 
Hook  Releaser. 

It  positively  releases  snagged 
hooks.  No  extra  line  required 
—simply  place  the  releaser 
on  your  line  and  let  it  go,  it 
comes  back  to  you  with  the 
hooK.  Can  be  carried  in  vest 
pocket. 

Price: 

Trout  and  Bass  size  25c. 
Pike  and  Pickerel  size  35c 


At  your  dealers,  or  sent  direct  on 
receipt  o  price  and  4c.  postage- 

IMMELL  MFG.  CO. 


BLAIR,  WIS 


For  TWO  Subscriptions 


we  will  send  an 


Idea)  Hunter's  AHe 

'with  leather  sheath,  which  can  be  attach'd  to  zuaist  belt, 
manufactured  by  H.  WALTERS  &  SON,  the  celebrated  Axe 
manufacturers,  Hull,  Que. 


"Hiartatha  Camp  Hotel" 

Kensington  Point,  Desbarats,  Ontario 

Exquisite  situation;  air,  water,  site  unexcelled;  good 
fishing,  canoeing  and  camping;  good  society.  Reference: 

Tourist  Dept., 

Canadian  Pacific  Railtfay, 

'  MONTREAL 


Hours  of  Pleasure 

for  young  and  old  with  our 

"Eagle"  Lawn  «^  Swing 

Swings  as  easy  as  a  feather,  perfectly  safe 
for  baby,  and  the  old  folks  enjoy  it. 

PROTECTED  WITH  AWNING,  and  it  is 
neat  and  ornamental  and  will  last  a  life- 
time. Can  be  taken  apart  in  fall,  folded 
and  put  away. 

THE   ONI,Y   STEEL   SWING   ON  THE 
MARKET. 

Send  for  Booklet  E. 

ONTARIO  WIND  ENGINE  S  PUMP  CO.,  LIMITED 

30  Atlantic  Ave.,  Toronto,  Ont. 


Search  Lights 


ACETYLENE 

FOR  LAUNCHES  AND 
MOTOR  BOATS 


Including 
Generator 


$12.00 


Starboard,  Port 
and  Mast  Head 
Lights.  Marine 
lamps  of  all  kinds. 

REPAIRING 
Auto  Lights  a 
specialty. 

Mangin  Mirror 
Lenses,  all  sizes, 
in  stock. 

Write  for  catalogue  describing  other  styles  in 
brass  and  other  finishes. 

THE  HIRAM  L.  PIPER  Co.,  Limited 

17  to  23  Normond  St  ,  MONTREAL 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


6 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


CRUISING  AND  RAGING 

GASOLINE  LAUNCHES 


FULLY  EQUIPPED 


A  VARIETY  OF  STYLES  IN  STOCK 
FROM  1 6  to  35  ft.  IN   LENGTH  j; 

Special  Light  Motor  Boats 

FOR  HUNTING  AND  FISHING 

Hulls  furnished,  caulked,  puttied  and  painted  ready  for  interior  fittings.  ' 
Knock  Down  Frames,  Frame  and  Plank  Patterns. 

Second  Hand  Launches.  .  \\ 

Send  for  Catalog 

Robertson  Bros. 

Yards  and  Launch  Works  .. 

Foot  of  Bay  St.,  HAMILTON,  CANADA. 

When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


How 
far 

havejW 

'walked? 


Windsor  Hotel 

EDMONTON,  ALBERTA 

The  commercial  hotel  of  the  Northwest 
Capital.  Cuisine  unexcelled.  Excellent  ac- 
commodation for  commercial  men,  tourists 
and  sportsmen.  First  class  sample  rooms. 
The  acme  of  comfort  and  quietness. 

RATES  $2.50  PER  DAY 

MATTHEW  BARBOR,  Proprietor 


Wnetlier  you  walk  for  health,  pleasure  or  busi- 
ness— on  city's  streets,  in  the  woods,  or  on  golf 
links,  it  is  interesting  to  know  exactly  how  much 
ground  you  have  covered.  The 

American  Pedometer 

(Carried  in  the  Vest  Pocket) 
regulates  to  your  step  and  registers  infallibly  the 
exact  distance.     It  is  but  iy2  inches  in  diameter, 
handsomely  nickeled,  and  so  simple  and  sturdy  as 
to  be  almost  indestructible. 

10  MILE  PEDOMETER  $1.00 
100     "  "  1.50 

At  Sporting  Goods  dealers.  If  yours  hasn't  it 
we  will  send  postpaid  on  receipt  of  price,  with 
our  guarantee.    Write  for  free  booklet  D. 

THE  AMERICAN  PEDOMETER  GO. 

902  f!hnnpl  St.  New  Haven.  Conn. 


W.  M.  PERCY 

OPTICIAN 

(Late  of  Charles  Potter's) 


Kodaks,  Films  and  Supplies;  Developing,  Printing 
and  Enlarging.  Professional  Photographers  in  charge 
if  finishing  department. 

Mail  orders  promptly  attended  to. 

705  Yonge  Street,   -  TORONTO 

Telephone  North  2824 


"TheAngler'sFriend" 

Patented  Dec.  5th,  1905 

If  a  wet  line  is  placed  on  an  "ANGLER'S 
FRIEND,"  where  the  rays  of  the  sun  or  the  dew 
cannot  reach  it,  it  will  dry  quickly  and  with  no 
damage  whatever  to  its  strength.  By  drying  the 
line  thoroughly  the  Angler  will  derive  much  pleas- 
ure, as  well  as  profit,  and  avoid  the  disagreeable 
experience  of  getting  sand  and  dirt  into  the  gear- 
ing of  his  reel. 

An  Angler  using  good  lines  cannot  afford  to 
be  without  "THE  FRIEND." 


Packed  in  a  neat  box,  91-4x3x1  1-8  in. 

Sent  postpaid  anywhere  in  Canada  on   d*0  Tfl 

receipt  of  price  4>Z  .3U 


If  dealers  or  jobbers  cannot  supply  send  direct 
to  the  manufacturer. 


In  Use.  A  Fish  Line  Preserver 
and  Drying  Reel 


Folded 


THE  SKINNER   CO.,  LIMITED 

GANANOQUE,  ONT. 

For  sale  by  following  dealers— A.  K.  Routley,  Kingston,  Ontario  ;  D.  Pike  Co.,  Toronto;  Warren  &  Ellis,  Toronto; 
Fenn  &  Co.,  Toronto. 


When  writing  Advertisers  Mndly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


8 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


B  r  e  n  n  a  n 

Standard  Motors 


Horizontal  Opposed  for  Pleasure  Boats.  Vertical  for 
High  Speed,  Heavy  Duty  and  Commercial  Use. 

Practical,  Substantial,  Serviceable  —  Built  for  Real 
Hard  Work,  Day  In  and  Day  Out. 


Brennan  Standard  Motors 

are  Powerful,  Free  from 
Vibration  and  Economical. 

Write  for  Catalogue— Free  on  Request 


Brennan  Motor 
Manufacturing  Co. 

Syracuse,  IM.  Y. 


SIZES 

Two  Cylinder,  4x4,  4  9-16x5,  4  3-4x5,  5x5,  5  1-2x5,  5  1-2x6,  6  1-2x7. 
Four  Cylinder,  4x4.  4  9-16x4,  49-16x5,  5x5,  5  1-2x6,  6x6,  7x6. 
Six  Cylinder,  7x7  and  8x8. 


The  U=B  Spin=fly  is  the  most 
attractive  and  effective  spinning  bait 
ever  invented.  Life-like  in  appearance 
and  closely  resembles  a  fly  or  bug  strug- 
ling  in  the  water.  Weed-proof.  Above 
cut  about  half  actual  size.  Price  25  c 


Two  Popular 
U-B  Specialties 

THE  U-B  LIVE  FROG  HAR- 
NESS holds  the  frog  without 
hooking  and  keeps  it  alive. 
THE  U-B  SPIN-FLY  is  made 
•  with  blue,  white  and  red  wings 
and  colored  beads.  Leading 
dealers  or  by  mail  postpaid. 

Unkef  er  &  Bradley 

MANUFACTURERS 

91  Dearborn  St.,  CHICAGO 


U=B  Live  Frog  Harness 


ONE  THIRD  ACTUAL  SIZE 

Price  35c 


The  Gapital  Boat  and  Canoe  Works  5S&  Ottaw 

Builders  of  fast  Gasoline  Launches,  Motor  Canoes,  Skiffs  and  Paddling  Canoes. 


a  First-Class  Motor  Canoe  20  ft.  x  34  in.,  Two  Cycle  Motor,  Complete  for  $150.00 
Speed  12  to  14  miles  per  hour.  Write  for  Catalogue. 

When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


9 


HIGH-GRADE 

GASOLINE  LAUNCHES 

From  $175.00  up 

3  h.  p.  is  the  smallest  engine  we  install 

Rowboats  and  Canoes 

H.  E.  GIDLEY  &  CO. 

DEPT.  R,  PENETANGUISHENE,  ONT..  CAN. 


AUTO    BOAT   A  IN  D   AUTO  MOTORS 


10-12  H.P. 
18-20  H.P. 

Four  Cycle 
Double  Cylinder 


Agents  Wanted. 

Satisfaction 
Guaranteed. 

Send  for  Prices  and 
Circulars. 


THE  BEILFUSS  MOTOR  CO.,  LANSING,  MICH..  U.S.A. 


A  Lakefield  Canoe 
On  the  Zambesi  River 

This  was  the  first  canoe  on  the 
Zambesi  River  and  was  envied 
by  all  the  residents  and  visitors 
there. 

Write  for  catalogue  to 

The  Lakefield  Canoe 

Building  and  Manufacturing  Co. 

LAKEFIELD,  ONT. 


PERFECT  WASHER 

Pat.  app.  for 


This  Mop-Yam  Top 
outlasts  Six  sponges 

Price,  $2,00  delivered 

Extra  Top,  60c.  " 


L.&M" 

We  will  return  your  money  if  not  satisfactory 
Order  now  or  send  for  catalogue 
LONG  &  MANN  COMPANY,  Rochester,  N.Y. 


CANADIAN  DISTRIBUTOR 

GEORGE  B.  FROST,  Smith0l£ftlu 

Sub  Agents  Wanted. 
*   Also  Agent  for  "The  Little  Steersman." 


TIRE  LOOSENER 

Pat.  app.  for 

Loosens  rusted  or  froztn 
tires    from  clincher  or     Price  $3 
detachable  rim»  dtlivered 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Eod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


10 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


ROSS 
RIFLES 

FOR  TARGET  AND 
SPORTING  PURPOSES 

1 1  Long  range  champion,  breaks  all  records,  a  rifle  of  wondrous  precision ' ' 

London  Morning  Post,  July  16th 

1 1  Fine  Canadian  rifle.    Eecords  broken  at  Bisley ' ' 

London  Daily  Express,  July  16th 
1 1  Eecord  scoring  "  -  -  -  London  Daily  Telegraph,  July  15th 

1 '  Champion  of  the  year ' '  -  -  -  New  York  Herald,  July  16th 

"  Phenomenal  performance  at  Bisley"  -  -       London  Field,  July  18th 

' 1  An  altogether  unexpected  and  successful  appearance  of  the 

new  Canadian  rifle i}  -  -  -       London  Daily  Mail,  July  15th 

' '  Triumph  for  Eoss  rifle.     Beats  all  the  world 's  rifles ' ' 

London  Standard,  July  15th 
' 1  Many  experts  declare  the  Eoss  rifle  better  than  new  U.  S.  rifle ' ' 

Nottingham  Guardian,  July  11th 
"An  individual  triumph.     Lee-Enfield  hopelessly  behind" 

London  Morning  Post,  July  15th 

1 '  Achievements  at  Bisley  truly  remarkable ' '  " 

London  Evening  Standard,  July  15th 
"Great  victory  for  the  Eoss  rifle  from  Canada" 

London  Daily  Express,  July  15th 
"Great  victory  at  Bisley  for  the  Eoss  rifle,  the  'rifle  of  the  future' 

London  Times,  July  15th 

1 1 A  plague  of  possibles  with  ,the  Ross  rifle ' '  London  Sphere,  July  25th 


CATALOGUE  ON  APPLICATION. 

R©SS  RIFLE  COMPANY 

Quebec 

When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Eod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


11 


Patented  1908  Unbreakable  Silk  Bound  Rod 

THE  GREATEST  NOVELTY  IN  FISHING  RODS 

Silk  bound,  waterproof,  Split  Cane  Rod  in  Trout  andBass.  Strongestrod  in  the  world.  Every  dealer  and  fisherman 
should  see  this  rod.  Price  is  most  ieasonable  and  within  the  reach  of  all.  Made  only  by  us  in  our  factory  at  Toronto. 

Jhe  Allcock,  Laight  &-  Westrtood  Co.,  Limited 

78  Bay  Street,  Toronto,  Ontario,  Canada 


MASKANONGE 

Caught  by  Benjamin  Westwood,  October  20th.  1908,  on  the  Trent  River,  with  West- 
wood's  Patent  Unbreakable  Silk  Bound  8oz.  Bass  Rod  and  Hercules  Silk  Line  No.  E.  with 
Live  Minnow. 


WHY? 


Because  the  Never  Miss 
No.  8  is  Guaranteed  for 
1  year's  wear 

No  Trouble 

No  Sooting 

No  Short  Circuits 

No  Broken  Porcelains 

JUST 

Real  Spark  Plug  satisfaction  and 
at  the  price  you  ought  to  pay. 

$1.00  each 
Mica  $1.50 

Don't  Wait 
Do  it  To-day 
Order  a  Set 

Your  Dealer  or  Jobber  or 
Direct,  Prepaid- 

NEVER  MISS  SPARK  PLUG  CO. 
LANSING,  MICH.,  U.  S.  A. 


Steel  Fishing  Rods 

FLY  RODS,  8%  or  9%  feet    -       -       -       -  $  i.oo 

BAIT  RODS,  slA  or  6%  feet    -  1.25 

CASTING  RODS,  4K  or  5  feet       -  1.50 

CASTING  RODS,  with  Agate  Guide  and  Tip  -  2.50 

CASTING  RODS,  full  Agate  Mountings  r       -  3.50 


Trout  Flies 


For   Trial— Send  Us 


ISc 
30c 
60c 
65c 


for  an  assorted  sample  dozen. 

Regular  price,  24  cents, 
for  an  assorted  sample  dozen. 

Regular  price,  60  cents, 
for  an  assorted  sample  dozen. 

Regular  price,  84  cents, 
for  an  assorted  dozen. 

Regular  price,  84  cents. 

Original  and  Genuine 

OLDTOWN  CANOES 


Quality  A  Flies 
Quality  B  Flies 
Quality  C  Flies 
Bass  Flies 


Introduced  andtnade  famous  by  us. 

16  to  19  ft 


THE  H.  H.  KIFFE  CO.,S2^^r 

Illustrated  Catalogue  free  on  application 


When  writing  Advertisers  Tcindly  mention  Eod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


12 


ROD  AD  GUN  IN  CANADA 


ROSS  CANOES 


Now  is  the  time  to  buy  a  canoe  and  the  canoe  to  buy  is  a  Ross 
Canoe.  When  you  purchase  from  us  you  get  the  benefit  of  years  of 
experience,  and  the  very  best  material  and  workmanship,  stability 
and  strength  have  been  given  careful  consideration  in  the  construc- 
tion of  these  canoes.    They  are  graceful  in  design,  easy  to  paddle, 


light  and  durable 


the  ideal  canoe. 


SEND  FOR  CATALOG 


The  J.  H.  Ross  Boat  &  Canoe  Co. 

ORILLIA,  ONTARIO 


The  Glorious  Kootenay 

Trout  and  Salmon 
Bear,  Sheep  and  Goat 
Caribou,  etc.  . 

If  you  wish  to  have  an  outing  amid 
the  finest  scenery  and  surroundings  in 
America,  apply  for  particulars  to 

GEO.  P.  WELLS. 

Prop.  Hum*  Hotel,  NELSON,  B.  C. 


The 
Sanitary 


Best  French  Briar — 
Hard  Rubber,  Remova- 
ble Stem.   The  most  sci- 
mma   entific  and  healthful  pipe 
t-*ip£  HBpMl  ever  made   Separate  wells 

for  saliva  and  nicotine,  and 
a  bowl   device    (see  cut) 
whichprevents  tobacco  from 
settling  in  bottom  of  bowl 
and  becoming  soaked  or  clog- 
ged.   Cannot  possibly  become 
rank  like  ordinary  pipes.  THE 
TOBACCO  IS  ALWAYS  DRY, 
thus  insuring  a  cool,  clean,  dry 
smoke.    No  biting  the  tongue. 
Price  $1.00  postpaid.    Your  money 
back  if  not  perfectly  satisfactory. 
Easily  Cleaned.    Slip  a  dollar  bill  into  an  envelope  now. 

BOOKLET  AND  CLUB  OFFER  ON  REQUEST. 

Sanitary  Pipe  Co.,  125  Cutler  Bldg.,  Rochester,  N.  Y 


Sta-Rite 

(Trade  Mark) 

Ignition  Plugs 

Are  American  Standard 
Plugs,  and  have  been 
since  1902. 

Double  Porcelain  and 
Indestructible  Mica 

Plugs. 
Use  them  exclusively! 
and  send  for  our  Perpetu- 
al Guarantee. 

 THE  

R.  E.  Hardy  go. 

INCORPORATED  I9OO 


201  37th  Street,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y. 
309  Fisher  Building,  Chicago. 

Canadian-Fairbanks  Co, 

Montreal,  Toronto,  Etc. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


13 


Lmpire  Bu,k 


and 


a 


Ballistite 


DENSE 


Smokeless  Powders 

Leaders  in  the  best  class  of  Nitro  Explosives 

Grand  American  Handicap,  1908, 
Columbus,     Ohio,     June  23-26 
BALLISTITE  WINS 
PRELIMINARY  HANDICAP      -      SCORE    95  x  100 
AMATEUR  CHAMPIONSHIP     •        "      222  x  240 
HICH  SCORE  IN  STATE  TEAM  EVENT  "       97  x  100 

EMPIRE  WINS 
HICH  PROFESSIONAL  IN 

PRELIMINARY  HANDICAP  SCORE      95  x  100 

SECOND  HIGH  SCORE  in 

STATE  TEAM  EVENT      -     ■     SCORE     96  x  100 


AGENTS  IN  CANADA 


Hamilton  Powder  Co. 


Montreal.  P.  Q 


Toronto,  Ont. 
Victoria,  B.  C. 


Kenora,  Ont. 


1 


Korona  Cameras 

always  represent  the  highest  standard 
of  camera  quality.  If  carefully  ex- 
amined they  will  win  your  approbation 
by  their  perfection  in  every  detail  and 
the  many  little  features  which  give 
them  their  individuality.  Koronas 
are  famous  for  their  lens  equipments 
and  they  are  sold  at  very  reasonable 
prices  fitted  with  our 

TURNER- REICH 

Convertible  Anastigmat  f.  6.  8. 
The  perfect  American  lens. 

Send  for  Catalogue 

Gundlach-Manhattan  Optical  Co. 

798  Clinton  Ave.  So.,  Rochester,  N.  Y. 


rife 


National  Coils  and  National  Spark  Plugs 


Insure   Efficiency,  Reliability, 
Economy   and  Quality 


The  COIL  that  holds  the  world's 
record  for  non-stop  runs,  4,492  miles 
on  Reo  Car.  Also  on  the  Pilot  Car  in 
the  New  York  to  Paris  race. 


Question :   Why  was  the  NATIONAL 
COIL  used? 

Answer:  RELIABILITY. 


We  are  the  Makers  of  the 
Reliable  National  Box  Coil. 


DASH  TYPE. 


National  Coil  Co.,  incorporated  Lansing,  Mich,,  U.  S.  A. 


14 


'Personification  of  Completeness 
in  Progressive  Marine  Engine 
Construction." 


This  is  the  comment  of  a  prominent 
boating  authority  after  looking  over  the 
"BUFFALO"  1909  line,  which  now  includes 
engines  for  any  type  of  boat  for  any  class 
of  work. 


Regular  Type  Medium  Weight  Engines- 
Sizes,  2  to  ioo  H.P. ,  2  to  6  cylinder. 

Slow  Speed  Heavy  Duty  Type— Sizes,  4  to 
54  H.P.,  1  to  6  cylinder. 

High  Speed  Light  Weight  Type— Sizes,  50 
and  75  H.P. ,  4  and  6  cylinder. 


Engine  shown  is  Regular  Type  4-eylinder,  built  in  10, 
15,  2°.  3°  and  40  H.P.  sizes. 

Important  and  distinct  improvements,  both  in  construction  and  equipment  and  "BUFFALO  QUALITY" 
throughout,  which  means  highest  grade  in  every  detail  of  workmanship  and  material,  go  to  make  our  1909  Models 
world  beaters. 

1909  Catalogue,  giving  full  information,  sent  free  on  request.  INVESTIGATION  NOW  MAY  SAVE 
YOU  REGRET  LATER 

BUFFALO  GASOLENE  MOTOR  CO. 

12l8-t230  NIAGARA  STREET,  BUFFALO,  N.Y. 


IN  4  COLORS— 

White  with  Black. 
Black  with  Olive. 

Size  0,  ljc  per  yard. 
Size  J,  lfc  per  yard. 
Size  1,  2c  per  yard. 


Silk  Fish  Line 

Made  on  latest  im- 
proved machinery. 
Absolutely  pure, 
strength  guaranteed, 
the  strongest  and 
lightest  line  made. 


Black  with  White. 
Black  with  Brown. 

Size  2,  2^c  per  yard. 
Size  3,  3c  per  yard. 
Size  4,  3f c  per  yard. 


Patent  Waxed  Lines 

Guaranteed  not  to  absorb  water, 
Superior  Line  for  Casting. 
Size  0,  2\  cents  per  yaid. 
Size  \,  2f  cents  per  yard. 
Size  1,  3  cents  per  yard. 
Size  2,  3i  cents  per  yard. 

Casting  Line— Size  00,  \\  cents  per  yard. 

Put  up  on  cards,  25,  50, 

A.  E.  BREGENT, 

192  St.  Catherine  St  E.,  Montreal 


Enamelled  Lines 

Not  a  union  line,  but  the  best  silk. 

ENAMELLED  BY  HAND. 

Size  \,  3|  cents  per  yard. 
Size  1,  4  cents  per  yard. 
Size  2,  4£  cents  per  yard. 
Size  3,  5  cents  per  yard. 
Size  4,  5f  cents  per  yard. 

Size  0,  1^  cents  per  yard. 
75  and  100  yards  continuous  lengths. 
For  Sale  By 

ART  ROSS  &  CO.,' 

474  St.  Catherine  St.  W.t  Montreal 


When  vniting  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


15 


The  Kent  Double  Spiner  Baits 

If  you  want  the  best  Bass  Bait 
on  the  market  try  a  Kent 
Champion  Floater. 

Manufactured  Exclusively  by 

SAMUEL  H.  FRIEND 

KENT,  OHIO,  U.S.A. 

Postpaid  for  60c.     Send  for  booklet  of  baits. 

ATTENTION 

Boat  Builders  and  Agents 

We  want  good  live  representatives 
to  handle  our  line  in  your  locality. 
We  have  the  best  selling,  best  run- 
ning, best  appearing  marine  engine 
on  the  market.  Write  for  prices 
and  terms. 

Loekvi>ood~Ash  Motor  Co. 

Jackson,  Michigan,  U.S.A. 


Send  for  our  New  Illustrated  1909  Catalogue. 
THE  LYMAN  CUN  SICHTCORPORATION,  Middlefield,  Connecticut.U.S.A. 


FISHING  RODS 

The  name  "DIVINE  RODS"  is  a 
guarantee  of  Quality,  Workman- 
ship and  a  positive  assurance  of  a 
fishing  trip  without  disappoint- 
ments which  are  due  to  the  break- 
ing of  the  rod,  and  many  annoy- 
ances usually  found  in  cheaper 
makes. 

Our  Specialty  is  Split  Bamboo,  Bethabarra 
Greenhart,  Dagama  and  Lance  Wood. 

Don't  attempt  to  make  up  your 
Camp  or  Vacation  Outfit  until  you 
have  consulted  our  catalogue,  sent 
free. 


The  Fred.  D.  Divine  Co. 

73  State  St.,  Utica,  N.  Y. 


and  Colors 


Ask  for  the  old  and  reliable. 

MANUFACTURED  BY 

Sanderson  Pearcy  &  Co. 

TORONTO 

For  sale  by  all  Dealers. 


16 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


HOW  ABOUT  A 


New  Engine  for  Your  Boat? 


We  make  them  all  sizes  from  7  x/2 
to  60  H.P.    This  little  one  is  our  8 

H.  P.  Special  for  1909.  We  guarantee 
it  to  deliver  8  Brake  H.P.  at  800  re- 
volutions and  it  can  be  run  up  to 

I,  100  or  1,200  with  a  proportionate 
gain  in  H.  P. 

Perfectly  Simple 
Simply  Perfect 

Ask  about  our  6  cylinder  light 
racing  engine. 

Ask  the  man  who  owns  one. 


This  is  one  of  our  4  cylinder,  30  M.  P.  engines.  The  first  4  cylinder  engine  ot  this 
type  we  built  was  installed  in  our  fast  boat,  "Miss  Fidgety,"  which,  although  not  intended  for 
a  speed  boat,  and  weighing  3,000  lbs.,  attained  a  speed  of  21  %  miles  an  hour.  This  engine  has 
been  in  hard  use  for  three  years.  It  has  never  been  taken  down  nor  has  it  had  a  single  piston  removed  from 
the  cylinders  during  the  three  years  of  its  life.  We  have  not  spent  ten  cents  in  repairs  to  this  engine  since  it 
was  put  together.  We  can  today,  turning  the  fly  wheel  by  hand,  show  60  lbs.  of  compression  in  her 
cylinders,  which  was  all  we  could  do  the  first  day  she  was  made. 


We  build  boats  to  order  and  test  them  under  any  reasonable  conditions, 
with  our  engines,  all  that  is  done  in  the  shop  while  the  engine  is  being  built.  We 
bills.    Send  for  catalogue. 


There  is  no  cranking 
nsure  you  against  repair 


SCHOFIELD-HOLDEN  MACHINE  CO,.  LTD. 

14  Court  Street  and  2  Carlaw  Avenue,  TORONTO,  ONT. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


VOL.  XI. 


No.  1 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 

The  contents  of  this  magazine  are  copyrighted  and  must  not  he  reprinted  without  permission. 


Contents  for  June,  1909 


A  Winter  Wolf  Hunt  in  Northern  Ontario  John  Arthur  Hope  3 

The  Mounting  of  Fish  :    The  Modus  Operandi  C.  H.  Hooper  7 

The  Wolves  in  Algonquin  Park:    Ingenious  Methods  Suggested  for  Thinning 

Them  Out                                                                         E.  B.  LaFleche  12 

The  Trails  of  Temagami                                                                   Victor  Shawe  15 

Our  Trip  to  Indian  River,  B.  C  Edmund  Benson  16 

To  the  North  Saskatchewan                                                            Vladimir  Billon  18 

A  Wilderness  Paradise   19 

' '  Canadaw  "  Max  Preston  21 

A  Big  One  That  Did  Not  Get  Away  G.  E.  Richardson  22 

Grouse  in  Alberta  B.  A.  Barker  23 

Barracouda  Fishing  in  the  West  Indies  Harold  B.  Whidden  26 

Apostrophe  to  a  Trout  .                                                             J.  Bernard  Currie  28 

Why  I  Didn't  Bring  the  Buck  Home  Ernest  J.  McVeigh  29 

Shot  Guns  and  Their  Loads  Single  Trigger  30 

The  New  British  Columbia  Canoe  Trip   31 

Wolves  and  Big  Game:    The  Need  for  Action  Capt.  E.  C.  Tripp  32 

A  New  Brunswick  Moose  Hunt,  J.  B.  Tompk  ins  34 

Dogs  as  Companions  at  Home  and  Afield                                               B.  Clapham  36 

Bass  Fishing  in  Sturgeon  Lake                                                            IV.  Hickson  40 

Proposed  Game  Fish  Preserves  for  Ontario:    Important  Recommendations 

of  the  Dominion  Commission    42 

Black  Bass  Fishing  in  Canada  J.  Walker  Bartlett  44 

The  Conquest  of  the  Air  N.  M.  Browne  46 

Fish  and  Game  Protection  in  Ontario  Bev.  E.  M.  Rowland  54 

Fish  and  Game  Protection  in  Nova  Scotia:  Report  of  the  Chief  Commissioner.  .  .  58 
Physical  Culture:    Constipation — Intricacies  in  Exercises — Big  Muscles — 

No.  VII  Frank  E.  Dorchester,  N.S.P.E.  61 

The  Canadian  National  Park   63 

The  Canadian  Buffalo  Herd :    An  Unsuccessful  Round-Up   65 

An  Indian  Legend  of  the  Old  Man  River  Fred  Kidd  66 

A  Dog's  Faithful  Vigil  August  Wolf  68 

Alpine  Club  of  Canada:    Fourth  Annual  Camp    69 

Our  Medicine  Bag   74 

Sports  Afloat    83 

Automobiles  and  Automobiling    88 

The  Trap   90 

The  Rifle   99 


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THE  FIRST  RISE 


ROD  and  GUN 

IN  CANADA 


VOL.  11 


JUNE,  1909 


NO.  1 


The  Winter  Wolf  Hunt  in  Northern  Ontario 


BY  JOHN  ARTHUR  HOPE. 


UP  TO  the  date  of  March  1st  the 
winter  of  1908-9  proved  a  most 
unusual  one.  There  were  con- 
stant snowstorms,  followed  by 
thaws,  throughout  December  and  the  first 
part  of  January,  with  not  sufficient  ice 
to  make  travelling  over  the  Mississaga 
River  —  which  had  to  be  crossed  —  and 
lakes  safe  for  teams.  This  weather  de- 
layed the  work  of  building  cabins,  getting 
in  supplies,  and  pushing  such  work  for- 
ward as  is  required  to  make  things  com- 
fortable for  those  who  intended  to  spend 
a  .  few  enjoyable  weeks  in  the  woods. 
Several  sportsmen  who  were  anxious  to 
be  in  camp  by  Christmas,  or  not  later 
than  the  second  week  in  January,  on  ac- 
count of  business,  were  disappointed  at 
not  being  able  to  come.  Towards  the 
end  of  January,  however,  the  weather  be- 
came more  steady,  the  mercury  fell  be- 
low zero,  and  by  the  first  of  February 
everything  was  ready.  But  I  had  lost 
two  of  the  best  months. 

Now,  judging  solely  from  the  number 
of  letters  received  during  the  winter,  the 
above  hunt  proved  to  be  one  of  unusual 
interest  to  sportsmen  on  both  sides  of 
the  line,  and  also  in  Great  Britain.  In- 
quiries came  in  so  fast  that  I  was  unable 
to  answer  all  of  them  as  fully  as  I  would 
have  wished.  Therefore,  those  gentle- 
men who  did  not  receive  a  full  and 
prompt  reply  will,  I  am  sure,  kindly  over- 
look my  seeming  neglect.  Most  of  the 
letters  received  expressed  only  what  is 
natural  to  expect  from  keen  sportsmen  in- 


terested in  the  preservation  of  game  — ■ 
their  entire  concurrence  and  sympathy 
with  the  object  in  view,  and  the  efforts 
put  forth  to  thin  out  Canis  Lupus  in 
the  Eastern  woods. 

Many  regretted  that  through  business 
responsibilities  they  were  unable  to  come ; 
others  stated  that  they  would  watch  the 
results  with  the  keenest  interest,  and  if 


Four  of  'Em. 

it  could  be  shown  that  wolves  were  really 
to  be  found,  as  stated,  and  hunted  suc- 
cessfully, they  would  certainly  take 
"Mingan's"  trail  another  winter.  Sev- 
eral inquiries  were  also  made  about  moose 
and  bear  hunting,  the  latter  animal  being 
in  great  favor. 

Those  who  did  find  time  to  visit  my 
camps  were  agreeably  surprised  to  find 
that  the  weather  was  not  of  the  Arctic 
Circle  type.    The  camps,  being  well  shel- 


4 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA- 


Bob  Toster  and  Author  Skinning  Wolves  at  No.  1  Camp. 

tered  by  virgin  forests  of  giant  conifers, 
forced  them  to  strip  off  all  superfluous 
clothing  when  on  snowshoes  or  perspire 
too  freely. 

Another  surprise  also  awaited  two  gen- 
tlemen on  their  first  night  at  No.  2 
Camp,  and  proved  to  be  one  of  unusual 
interest  for  them.  They  were  just  think- 
ing of  retiring  for  the  night,  when  the 
long,  dismal  howl  of  a  lone  wolf  broke 
the  quiet  stillness  of  the  surrounding 
woods,  lit  up  by  thousands  of  twinkling 
stars  and  a  bright  moon  nearly  at  the 
full.  The  howl  came  from  the  point  of  a 
peninsula,  about  a  mile  away  across  the 
lake  on  which  the  cabin  fronted.  In- 
stantly from  one  side  and  behind  the 
cabin  came  a  succession  of  answering 
howls,  that  presently  broke  into  the  sharp 
yi-ki-hiis  of  the  main  pack  in  full  cry. 
The  sharp  yelps  broke  out  like  a  scatter- 
ing volley  of  rifle  shots,  as  only  part  or 
the  whole  pack  yelped  in  unison.  They 
swept  across  the  lake  towards  the  lone 
wolf,  whose  howl  had  given  notice  that 
it  had  found  the  scent  of  a  deer.  The  yi- 
ki-hiis  became  more  intense  in  sharpness 
and  volume,  rising  and  falling  in  various 
keys,  dying  away  as  the  distance  increas- 
ed, to  rise  again  as  -the  scent  freshened  or 


the  whole  pack  gave  tongue  together, 
finally  ending  in  a  succession  of  growls. 
Then  complete  silence  —  another  deer 
had  ceased  to  live.  • 

At  the  first  howl  the  four  men  in  the 
cabin  came  promptly  to  their  feet.  At 
the  second  the  two  visitors  grasped  their 
rifles  and  rushed  for  the  door,  the  open- 
ing of  which  let  in  a  volume  of  sounds 
from  the  main  pack  that  made  the  blood 
tingle  and  fingers  itch  to  do  —  what  was 
impossible  just  then. 

"Look,  there  they  go!"  some  one  re- 
marked, pointing -to  half  a  score  of  swift- 
ly-moving black  dots  far  out  on  the  white 
surface  of  the  lake,  that  lay  shining  like 
molten  silver  under  the  bright  beams  of 
the  moon,  disappearing  almost  as  he 
spoke  under  the  shadows  of  the  tall  pines 
on  the  peninsula.  For  the  first  minute 
the  silence  in  that  cabin  was  intense.  The 
twitching  muscles  of  the  faces  and  tight- 
ly-drawn lips,  however,  expressed  each 
owner's  feelings  plainer  than  words. 
With  the  dying  away  of  the  last  yelp  the 
gentlemen  broke  silence. 

"Those  few  minutes  were  worth  the 
whole  trip.  I'm  glad  I  came,"  remarked 
one. 

"I  heartily  agree  with  you  there,"  an- 
swered the  other. 

"But,"  said  the  first,  "we  read  that 
wolves  howl  dolorously  when  in  pursuit 
of  their  prey,  whereas  these  gave  tongue 
like  a  pack  of  foxhounds." 


Showing  Skeleton  of  .Deer. 


THE  WINTER  WOLF  HUNT  IN  NORTHERN  ONTARIO 


5 


''The  truth  is,"  I  replied,  "very  little  is 
known  about  timber  wolves  or  their  hab- 
its, even  by  the  best  natural  history  writ- 
ers.  For  instance,  we  are  told  in  'Woods' 
Natural  History,'  that  'wolves  are  always 
hungry,'  and  by  some  other  writers  that 
'wolves  never  return  to  finish  any  carcass 
they  have  left  uneaten.'     These  writers 
are  entirely  in  error  on  both  counts,  as 
are  those  writers  who  claim  that  wolves 
howl  dolorously  when  in  full  pursuit  of 
their  prey.     They  may  do  so  in  Russia, 
certainly  not  here.     My  experience  of 
the  American  timber  wolf  is  that  they 
run  with  both  eyes  and  nose.     If  by  the 
eye  they  run  in  dead  silence,  as  for  ex- 
ample :  The  pack  of  thirteen  last  January, 
when  they  charged  down  the  lake  in  per- 
fect silence.     If  running  by  nose,  which 
they  must  in  thick  timber,  they  give 
tongue  to  let  each  other  know  the  exact 
position  of  each,  as  a  few  always  remain 
behind  to  drive  the  deer  forward,  the  rest 
outflanking  it  to  right  and  left,  to  en- 
circle and  pull  it  down  when  an  open 
space,  such  as  a  lake,  is  reached.  No 
pack -of  foxhounds  ever  trained  can  run 
down  a  fox  as  quickly  and  intelligently  as 
a  pack  of  wolves  run  down  a  deer.  The 
former  run  together,  tailing  out  behind 
•  as  the  fastest  dogs  take  the  lead,  while 
the  latter,  who  are  lazy  brutes,  make 
their  brains  save  their  heels  by  working 
intelligently  together.     If  wolves  were 
to  try  and  run  down  deer  in  thick  timber 
on  the  same  principle  as  a  pack  of  fox- 
hounds, they  would  kill  but  very  few, 
except  in  deep  snow,  or  when  crusted 
over  sufficiently  hard  to  carry  them  but 
not  the  deer.    In  summer  they  would  kill 
still  less,  especially  out  here  where  open 


Mr.  Byron  Brooks  on  Left. 


The  Wolf  and  His  Victim. 


water  is  to  be  met  with  every  half  mile 
or  so. 

"But  it  should  be  remembered,"  I  fin- 
ally added,  "that  the  deer  here  are  not  in 
their  natural  habitat;  but  the  wolves,  en- 
dowed by  nature  with  well-padded  feet 
to  keep  them  from  sinking  as  deeply  as 
the  small-hoofed,  thin-legged  deer,  are, 
Hence  they  must  be  exterminated  if 
nothing  is  done  to  clear  out  the  wolves." 

The  next  morning  brought  two  interest- 
ing things  to  light  —  the  first  an  old  wolf, 
found  by  my  partner  out  on  the  lake.  A 
properly  handled,  well-placed  bait,  had 
thrown  him  off  his  guard.  Three  more 
of  his  relatives  in  mischief  hung  on  a 
tree  before  the  week  was  out.  The  sec- 
ond object  brought  in  from  xlose  by  was 
the  skeleton  of  a  deer,  picked  clean  of 
every  vestige  of  meat,  the  skin  being 
stripped  off  as  though  skinned  by  men. 

Then  that  ardent  and  most  enthusiastic 
sportsman,  and  wolf  hunter,  Mr.  Byron 
Brooks,  of  New  York,  made  an  offer  that 
proved  his  title  to  be  called  a  true  sports- 
man, of  ten  dollars  from  his  own  purse 
for  every  wolf  scalp  secured  during  the 
winter.  On  the  writer  reminding  him 
that  as  wolves  were  numerous  in  the 
neighborhood  and  he  might  have  to  draw 
a  fairly  heavy  cheque,  he  promptly  re- 
plied, in  a  tone  there  was  no  misunder- 
standing: "Accept;  the  heavier  the 
cheque  the  better!"  an  offer  made  in  all 
sincerity  and  in  a  good  cause.     I  accept- 


6 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


A.  C.  Mott,  Jr.,  in  Boat,  and  Three  Wolves. 

ed,  and  called  home  next  day  on  urgent 
business,  sent  the  following  telegram : 
'Tour  wolves ;  five  inches  of  fresh  snow," 
which  message  reached  him  soon  after 
he  arrived  in  Gotham. 

Mr.  A.  C.  Mott,  Jr.,  of  Philadelphia, 
who  stayed  a  couple  of  weeks  in  camp 
and  took  back  with  him  for  mounting  a 
couple  of  wolf  pelts  which  he  secured, 
and  which  will,  as  that  gentleman  jubi- 
lantly remarked,  convince  the  sportsmen 
in  the  Quaker  City  that  wolves  are  not 
only  to  be  found  in  Northern  Ontario, 
but  successfully  hunted  as  well. 

It  mattered  not  which  camp  we  occu- 
pied, the  long,  weird  howl  of  one  wolf 
answering  another,  often  for  the  best  part 
of  a  night,  was  constantly  heard.  Some- 
times it  would  be  instantly  answered  by 
the  yi-ki-hiis,  as  sharp  as  rifle  shots,  of  a 
pack  giving  tongue  in  pursuit  of  a  deer. 

Just  at  daybreak  one  morning  we  were 
awakened  from  a  sound  sleep  —  nothing 
unusual,  certainly  —  by  what  sounded  to 
me  at  first  like  a  band  of  music,  but 
which  turned  out  a  moment  later,  when 
I  looked  through  the  window,  to  -be  a 
troop  of  seven  wolves  going  into  action 
in  extended  order,  firing  the  usual  inter- 
mittent volleys  as  they  swept  across  the 
lake  well  within  rifle  range.  That  is  to 
say,  they  were  running  down  a  blood  trail 
made  the  day  before  by  the  fresh  blood 
of  a  rabbit  we  had  shot  and  dragged 
across  the  lake  from  one  point  to  another. 
Coming  within  sight  of  the  cabin  they 
flew  off  at  a  tangent,  disappearing  with 
the  fleetness  of  a  sunbeam.  Certainly 
the  man  who  has  any  preconceived  ideas 


on  his  rapidity  of  fire,  accuracy  of  marks- 
manship, and  quickness  in  judging  dis- 
tance, will  find  his  theories  put  to  the 
test  by  canis  lupus  in  a  very  practical 
manner.  I  would  strongly  recommend 
wolf-hunting  to  those  officers  who  want 
their  men  to  learn  how  to  shoot  quick  and 
straight  at  all  ranges. 

Go  where  one  liked,  around  lakes,  up 
rivers,  or  through  the  silent  woods,  for 
miles  on  every  side,  the  large  and  well- 
defined  spoor  of  the  wolf,  well  padded 
between  the  toes  with  hair,  showed  plain 
on  the  white  snow  in  larger  or  smaller 
numbers,  especially  following  the  deer's 
runways.  That  several  packs  are  work- 
ing round  in  the  vicinity  of  my  three 
camps  I  am  perfectly  satisfied.  When 
one  stops  to  think  that  all  three  camps  are 
on  a  six-mile  lake  in  the  shape  of  a  three- 
cornered  triangle,  and  I  know  from  ex- 
perience and  good  authority  that  the 
same  conditions  prevail  for  a  hundred 
miles  on  each  side  of  me,  and  a  long  way 
north,  some  idea  may  be  gained  of  its  ex- 
cellence as  a  wolf-hunting  country. 

Given  the  proper  material  another  win- 
ter, which  I  was  unable  to  obtain  for 
various  reasons  on  this  occasion,  any 
further  doubts  remaining  that  the  wolf 
cannot  be  brought  within  rifle  range  and 
made  to  give  good  sport  to  those  keen 
and  hardy  sportsmen  who  are  anxious  to 
assist  in  thinning  them  out,  will  be  re- 
moved. 

Several  wolves  have  also  been  poisoned 
but  through  being  covered  up  by  a  sudden 
snowstorm  before  they  could  be  secured, 
full  details  of  the  results  of  the  hunt  can- 
not be  given  until  later. 

The  advantages  of  this  neighborhood 
for  a  line  of  camps  on  the  New  Bruns- 
wick system  have  been  much  impressed 
upon  me  by  my  work  in  preparing  these 
wolf  camps  and  my  experiences  in  them. 
Traces  of  game  were  apparent  every- 
where, and  I  know  there  is  good  fishing 
in  many  of  these  inland  lakes.  Camps  of 
the  kind  now  made  could  be  extended  and 
kept  open  all  the  year  round,  meeting  the 
conveniences  of  sportsmen  "who  might 
wish  to  fish  and  explore  in  the  summer, 
hunt  big  game  in  the  fall,  and  assist  in 
thinning  out  the  wolves  in  the  winter. 


The  Mounting  of  Fish 


The  Modus  Operandi. 

BY  C.  H.  HOOPER. 


I WONDER  how  many  anglers  are 
overhauling  their  tackle,  fingering  the 
flies,  jointing  the  rod,  and  making 
imaginary  casts  —  usually  to  the  detri- 
ment of  the  bric-a-brac?  In  this  respect 
anglers  differ  from  disciples  of  Nimrod, 
for,  when  the  shooting  season  closes,  the 
latter  usually  forget  for  a  time  the  joys 
of  the  chase,  and  turn  to  more  seasonable 
amusements. 

Not  so  the  angler  —  the  fever  usually 
seizes  him  during  the  winter.  He  pores 
over  catalogues,  inflaming  his  mind  with 
such  disturbing  literature,  and,  months 
ahead,  plans  his  summer's  outing.  Per- 
sonally, there  is  no  season  of  rest  for  my 
tackle.  It  has  no  chance  to  grow  dusty. 
From  the  last  day  of  the  previous  sum- 
mer's vacation  until  the  first  day  of  the 
next,  I  am  —  in  spirit  —  fishing.  In  the 
end  of  September  I  begin,  mentally,  to 
make  my  next  summers'  trips,  and,  al- 
lowing for  almost  weekly  changes  of 
plans,  much  of  the  map  is  covered  while 
the  snow  flies. 

This  year  my  " winter's  fishing  excur- 
sions" have  proved  particularly  pleasing 
and  realistic,  chiefly  owing  to  the  trophies 
with  which  a  new  hobby  —  mounted  last 
summer  —  has  furnished  me.  It  is  an 
easy  matter,  even  in  a  snowstorm,  with 
the  temperature  at  zero  outside  one's  den, 
to  wander  back  in  fancy  to  the  delightful 
spots  of  the  previous  year  while  surround- 
ed by  the  actual  trophies  of  one's  skill,  or 
luck.  What  then  more  naturally  fol- 
lows than  to  seize  the  map,  already 
marked  with  many  a  pencilled  line,  many 
a  spot  of  candle-grease,  and  project  one- 
self to  other  unknown  waters,  rapidly 
threading  the  rivers,  lightly  crossing  the. 
carries,  and,  finally  camping  in  some  de- 
lightful spot  as  yet  unvisited  —  one  which 
looks  so  well  —  on  paper. 

Truly  when  practicing  taxidermy  last 
summer  I  expected  much  future  pleasure 
from  the  contemplation  of  my  specimens, 
but  hardly  realized  the  full  significance  of 


having  the  actual  fish,  mounted  and  life- 
like, continually  before  my  eyes  during 
the  long  months  of  this  thoroughly  dis- 
agreeable season.  In  a  previous  issue  of 
Rod  and  Gun  I  endeavored  to  show  the 


The  Raw  (and  Live)  Material. 

actual  enjoyment  to  be  derived  from  the 
practice  of  taxidermy;  it  is  with  a  view 
to  help  the  earnest  angler,  if  possible, 
over  the  initial  steps,  that  I  again  take  up 
the  subject. 

The  Modus  Operandi. 

To  begin  with,  it  is  not  necessary  to 
"first  catch  your  hare" ;  in  fact,  that  is 
the  last  part  of  the  preparations.  One 
must  be  provided  with  the  following: 

1.  A  few  rolls  of  cotton  batting. 

2.  Small  tacks. 

3.  Arsenical  soap. 

4.  An  old  shaving  brush. 

5.  A  small  varnish  brush. 

6.  Perfectly  clear  varnish. 

7.  Long  pins. 


Tacked  Out  to  Dry. 


A  7-lb.  Pickerel. 


8.  Small  but  strong  scissors. 

9.  A  sharp  penknife. 

10.  A  pine  board  (shingle). 

11.  An  old  cloth. 

12.  An  old  dinner  knife. 

13.  A  small  saw  —  ordinary  handsaw 
will  do. 

Then  catch  the  fish. 

As  soon  as  caught  decide  which  side 
you  will  preserve  —  that  with  fewest 
blemishes.  Lay  the  specimen  with  this 
side  uppermost  and  insert  a  buckshot 
sinker  under  the  upper  pectoral  fin  to 
keep  it  from  contact  with  the  body,  oth- 
erwise it  will  leave  a  light-colored  mark. 
Keep  the  specimen  wet,  or  at  least  damp, 
by  putting  over  it  a  wet  cloth,  until  ready 
to  operate. 

Skinning. 

Lay  the  fish  good  side  down  on  a  wet 
table  and  wipe  the  upper  side  free  of 
slime  with  the  cloth,  then  insert  a  sharp 
knife,  edge  up,  at  A,  running  the  cut  in 
direction  indicated  to  B,  keeping  about 
3-16  inch  from  dorsal  fin.  From  B  to  C 
the  knife  edee  mav  be  turned  down  to 


advantage,  and  the  point  used  over  the 
caudal  fin  rays.  Insert  again,  with  edge 
up,  at  D,  and  run  the  cut  down  to  C, 
keeping  about  3-16  inch  from  anal  fin. 
Leave  both  ventral  fins  on,  the  superflu- 
ous one  may  be  afterwards  removed. 
Trouble  will  be  experienced  along  the 
belly,  but  remember  that  as  long  as  the 
under  side  of  the  specimen  remains  intact 
the  upper  may  be  damaged  as  much  as 
one  pleases.  The  last  cut  is  from  A  to 
D,  and  may  go  as  deep  as  necessary. 

The  skin  should  be  raised  along  the 
line  of  the  cut  from  B  to  C  with  the  knife, 
and  by  sawing  away  underneath  it,  blade 
laid  flat,  edge  toward  the  head :  enough 
of  the  skin  can  be  raised  to  afford  a  good 
hand  grip,  supplemented,  if  slippery,  by 
the  cloth.  A  long  pull  and  a  strong  pull 
follows,  the  other  hand  resting  firmly  on 
the  tail,  and  the  whole  skin  of  the  upper- 
most side  comes  off  with  one  rip. 

This  first  process  takes,  when  one  has 
done  .it  before,  just  two  minutes.  The 
cutting  of  the  fin  rays  in  the  tail  across 
B  to  C  with  the  scissors  follows.  The 
skin  may  now  be  lifted  from  the  flesh  all 


Diagram. 


THE  MOUNTING  OF  FISH 


9 


along  A  to  B  and  D  to  C.  From  A  to 
B  it  is  easy;  from  D  to  C  a  little  more 
difficult. 

With  the  scissors  now  cut  through  the 
fin  rays  of  the  dorsal  and  anal  fins.  Then 
begin  separating  the  flesh  from  the  skin 
at  the  line  B  to  C,  working  slowly,  cut- 
ting the  muscles  back  toward  the  head, 
raising  the  carcass  with  the  left  hand  and 
nicking  away  underneath  with  the  knife. 
Having  proceeded  a  couple  of  inches,  the 
whole  specimen  may  be  turned  over  and 
the  skin  doubled  back,  working  now  to 
the  head  by  raising  the  skin  from  the 
carcass. 

When  the  line  A — D  is  reached,  the 
carcass  should  be  cut  completely  through 
and  thrown  away  —  or,  peradvanture, 
fried. 

The  skin  of  one  side  of  the  body  now 
lies  before  you  with  the  head  attached. 
If  much  blood  flows,  a  thorough  washing 
in  the  lake  will  remove  it.  I  always  fol- 
low this  plan  myself,  looking  upon  the 
interval  as  a  sort  of  recess  or  half-time, 
in  which  to  light  a  pipe  and  straighten  a 
stiff  back. 

The  Head. 

The  saw  now  comes  into  use.  Holding 
the  head  firmly  in  the  cloth,  saw  exactly 
down  the  centre,  through  jaws,  lips,  ev- 
erything, being  careful  not  to  tear  the 
skin  with  the  free  end  of  the  saw. 

The  half  skull  remaining  is  not  to  be 
skinned  except  on  the  cheek,  where  the 
jaw  muscles  must  be  cut  carefully  out. 
Every  particle  of  "meat,"  brains,  tissue 
etc..  must  also  be  removed.  This  is 
probably  the  slowest  part  of  the  whole 
operation.  The  eye  must  also  be  taken 
out.  The  whole  skin  is  then  washed. 
Mounting. 

The  pine  board  can  now  be  produced, 
the  skin  laid  on  it,  scales  down,  and  a 
small  portion  of  arsenical  soap  worked 
with  the  shaving  brush  into  a  thick 
lather.  The  skin  should  then  be  thor- 
oughly coated  on  the  inside  with  this, 
particularly  about  the  bones  of  the  head. 
It  should  be  allowed  to  dry  on,  though 
mounting  may  be  begun  at  once  with  no 
worse  effects  than  coating  the  fingers 
with  the  soap.  Care  should  be  exercised 
that  the  lather  does  not  come  in  contact 


An  Ancient  Warrior— 5 y2 -lb.  Large-Mouth  Bass. 

with  the  outside  of  the  skin,  for  if  left 
there  to  dry,  it  will  bleach  out  the  color. 

A  roll  of  cotton  batting  should  now  be 
laid  on  the  board  and  the  skin  thrown 
over  it.  With  a  pencil  an  outline  of  the 
back  curve  of  the  fish  should  be  drawn  on 
the  board.  The  skin  may  then  be  turned 
over,  away  from  the  operator,  and  the 
first  tack  driven  lightly  through  the  in- 
curling  edge  near  the  shoulder  The 
skin  should  then  be  returned  and  the  ef- 
fect noted.  Another  tack  is  then  intro- 
duced along  the  back,  keeping  the  edge  of 
the  skin  to  the  pencilled  line,  and  so  on. 
After  each  tack  is  inserted  the  skin  should 
be  returned  to  note  the  effect,  as  the 


4%-lb.  Large-Mouth  Bass  Finished. 


curve  of  the  back,  particularly  at  the 
shoulder,  gives  character  to  the  whole 
finished  specimen. 

When  the  full  length  of  the  back  has 
thus  been  tacked,  from  the  shoulder  to 
very  near  the  tail,  the  tacks  about  a  quar- 
ter of  an  inch  apart,  the  first  tack,  in  the 
middle  of  the  belly,  should  be  driven.  It 
will  be  noticed  that  the  tacks  along  the 
back  are  all  hidden  as  soon  as  the  skin  is 
turned  over  right  side  up,  but  all  the 
other  tacks  along  the  bottom  must  be 
driven  through  the  scale  side  into  the 
board. 

Stuffing. 

Cotton  batting  must  never  be  put  un- 
der the  skin  permanently  until  it  has 
been  thoroughly  pulled  and  plucked  into 
little  scraps.  I  have  tried  it  a  dozen 
times  and  always  failed  to  obtain  any- 
thing but  a  poor,  lumpy  effect  in  the  fin- 
ished skin.  The  cotton  should  be  intro- 
duced under  what  is  already  in  by  thrust- 
ing with  the  old  dull  dinner  knife,  a  little 
at  a  time,  after  every  new  tack  is  driven 
in.  Starting  from  the  middle  the  whole 
rear  end  of  the  fish  may  be  first  finished, 
then  from  the  middle  again  the  fore  end 
and  head. 

No  tacks  can  be  driven  through  the 
skin  of  the  head,  but  a  framework  of 
tacks  may  encircle  it,  holding  it  down  by 
their  overhanging  edges.  The  exact  an- 
gle of  the  head  is  very  important.  It  can 
only  be  determined  by  experiment  and  by 


comparison  with  a  freshly-caught  speci- 
men. A  little  cotton  should  be  intro- 
duced under  the  "cheek"  of  the  fish  be- 
tween the  skin  and  the  skull,  otherwise 
in  drying  this  will  shrink  and  have  a  fall- 
en-in  effect. 

In  stuffing  the  skin  too  much  cannot  be 
said  regarding  its  stretching  and  conse- 
quent shrinkage.  No  matter  how  tightly 
it  may  be  drawn,  and  it  will  stand  tre- 
mendous strain,  the  finished  and  dried 
specimen  is  bound  to  be  a  shade  smaller 
than  was  the  original  fish.  If  this  is 
borne  in  mind  the  taxidermist  will  stuff 
his  fishskin  like  a  drumhead ;  he  will  thus 
obtain  a  much  smoother  effect  and  the 
specimen,  when  finished,  will  be  more 
nearly  a  counterpart  of  the  original.  The 
head,  owing  to  the  supporting  skull,  need 
not  be  stuffed  at  all,  other  than  a  pinch 
of  cotton  in  the  eyehole  to  keep  out  the 
flies. 

The  Fins. 

The  dorsal,  caudal,  ventral  and  anal  fins 
should  be  simply  stretched  to  their  full  ex- 
tent, first  soaked  in  water,  and  pinned  to 
the  board,  care  being  taken,  however,  to 
see  that  they  do  not  actually  touch  it,  or 
they  may  stick  thereto.  The  pectoral  fin 
must  be  treated  differently.  Two  slips 
of  thin  wood  a  little  longer  than  the  ex- 
treme width  of  the  fin  should  be  provided. 
The  fin  can  then  be  extended,  one  strip 
put  under  it  near  the  edge,  the  other 
over  it.     A  pin  driven  carefully  through  t 


THE  MOUNTING  OF  FISH 


11 


both  and  the  fin  at  either  end  of  the 
wood  will  now  hold  it  stretched  to  its' full. 
The  fin  should  not  touch  the  wood  on 
either  side.  A  buckshot  under  the  fin 
as  far  in  as  possible  will  keep  it  from 
coming  in  contact  with  the  skin.  It 
should  not  be  made  to  clear  the  skin  by 
more  than  about  a  quarter  of  an  inch  or 
it  will  subsequently  be  much  in  the  way 
and  liable  to  be  broken.  The  whole  skin 
may  now  be  lightly  washed  to  remove 
any  wool,  chips,  etc.,  which  may  adhere 
to  it.    It  should  then  be  hung  up  to  dry. 

Varnishing. 

The  next  day  a  thin  coating  of  clear 
varnish  can  be  applied.  Not  sufficient 
should  be  put  on  to  run.  The  fins  should 
be  varnished  on  both  sides  to  prevent 
their  curling. 

Final  Mounting. 

In  a  couple  of  weeks,  a  suitable  frame 
of  bark  having  been  made,  the  skin,  now 
hard  as  a  board,  should  be  very  carefully 
removed.  All  bending  of  the  skin  and 
fins  must  be  avoided,  as  a  white  crack  in 
the  varnish  is  the  invariable  result.  The 
skin,  without  any  stuffing  at  all,  should 
then  be  placed  on  the  bark-covered  frame 
and  held  in  position  by  about  six  small 
pins  driven  up  to  the  head  at  the  places 
marked  X  in  the  diagram.  As  the  skin 
will  not  shrink  any  more,  six  pins  are 
ample  to  hold  it  in  position.  Nothing 
now  remains  but  to  sit  and  admire  the 
result,  and  if  these  directions  are  faith- 
fully followed  the  result  is  sure  to  please. 


Many  discoveries  will  be  made  during 
the  skinning  of  the  first  specimen.  It 
will  be  found  that  it  is  almost  impossible 
to  tear  a  fishskin,  no  matter  how  great  a 
strain  is  put  upon  it.  It  will  also  be  dis- 
covered that  it  takes  a  sharp  blow  to  drive 
a  tack  through  the  skin,  and  that  it  defies 
the  insertion  of  a  pin  altogether. 

Again,  a  filmy,  silvery  membrane  will 
be  discovered  next  the  skin  on  the  in- 
side throughout.  This  should  be  left  in- 
tact, as  it  contains  the  pigment  which 
imparts  the  coloring  to  the  fish.  Its  re- 
moval will  spoil  the  finished  specimen. 

Finally,  though  these  directions  seem 
long  and  complicated,  it  will  be  found 
that  the  actual  operation  is  extremely 
simple.  In  the  time  that  I  have  taken 
to  write  this  I  could  have  easily  skinned 
and  mounted  half  a  dozen  fish.  The 
method  outlined  here  is  the  result  of  ac- 
tual experiment;  there  may  be  better 
ones ;  no  doubt  there  are,  but  I  have  not 
yet  been  able  to  find  them.  We  knew 
nothing  when  we  started  last  July,  by 
August  we  had  become  skillful,  by  Sep- 
tember the  skinning  of  a  fish  and  subse- 
quent mounting  had  become  child's  play. 
It  is  with  a  view  to  help  others  over  the 
initial  stages  that  the  above  is  written ; 
with  a  view  to  arouse  a  little  scientific 
interest  among  anglers;  with  a  view  to 
spare  the  small  fish  and  to  preserve  the 
large,  and  thus  to  make  the  angler's  hon- 
orable craft  a  source  of  keenest  enjoy- 
ment in  the  summer  and  of  retrospective 
pleasure  during  the  long,  long  winter. 


4-lb.  Small-Mouth  Bass  Finished. 


The  Wolves  in  Algonquin  Park 


Ingenious  Methods  Suggested  for  Thinning  Them  Out. 

BY  E.  R.  LA  FLECHE. 


THAT  the  big  grey  wolves  have  now 
a  strong  hold  in  the  Algonquin 
Park,  no  hunter  of  experience 
doubts.  It  would  be  interesting 
to  know  what  actions  are  taken  to  abate 
their  numbers.  I  am  informed  from  re- 
liable persons  that  poisoned  baits  are 
freely  spread  on  the  lakes  and  islands 
in  the  immediate  vicinity  of  the  Superin- 
tendent's chateau,  and  that  only  a  few 
wolves  are  found  dead  each  winter. 
Amongst  these  are  very  few  adults,  and 
in  all  there  is  not  a  half-dozen  found, 
though  it  is  supposed  many  others  die 
away  which  serve  as  food  for  the  ravens, 
crows  and  other  meat  birds  in  the  spring. 
It  is  claimed  by  the  rangers  who  put 
these  baits  out  that  no  fur-bearing  ani- 
mals, such  as  the  fisher,  mink,  marten, 
skunk,  coon,  lynx  and  bear  are  destroyed 
by  them.  There  is  no  doubt  that  very 
few  of  these  baits  are  touched  by  these 
animals  during  winter  time,  but  is  it  pos- 
sible to  suppose  for  one  minute  that  the 
ravens,  crows  and  the  other  birds  which 
will  feed  on  the  dead  wolves  will  not 
also  die,  and  that  any  of  the  above-men- 
tioned animals  will  not  eat  these  dead 
birds,  when  they  find  them,  and  also  die? 
And  that  when  a  mink  feeds  on  a  dead 
poisoned  mink,  it  will  not  also  die?  Be- 
cause the  rangers  do  not  often  find  dead 
mink  or  fisher,  it  does  not  mean  at  all 
that  these  animals  are  not  destroyed  by 
the  results  of  the  poison,  as  very  many 
of  them  die  in  their  dens,  and  thus  a 
whole  litter  of  young  ones  are  destroyed. 
Any  man  who  has  had  some  experience 
with  "strychnnine"  will  tell  you  that  the 
effects  of  this  poison  take  a  very  long 
time  to  disappear,  and  that  the  quantity 
which  will  kill  one  animal,  such  as  a  wolf 
or  fox,  will  also  kill  all  those  that  feed  on 
him,  and  even  others.  There  is  hardly 
any 'limit.  Some  will  die  in  a  day,  others 
in  two  or  three  days,  but  each  animal 
which  partakes  of  another  poisoned  ani- 
mal will  also  die.     The  length  of  time 


they  will  take  to  die  depends  on  the 
amount  of  feed  they  take.  It  can  plainly 
be  seen  that  this  system  of  destroying 
the  wolves  in  the  park  is  far  more  injur- 
ious to  the  fur-bearing  animals  than  to 
the  wolves,  and  according  to  my  personal 
experience,  the  poison  is  better  left  in  the 
bottle. 

If  we  desire  to  abate  the  growth  of  the 
wolves  in  our  park,  it  is  with  the  use  of 
steel  traps,  properly  set,  both  in  summer 
and  winter,  in  the  belt  of  country  they 
range.  If  this  is  not  soon  done  we  can 
never  expect  to  see  our  deer  become  more 
numerous  than  they  are  now,  but  instead 
they  will  soon  vanish,  as  the  wolves  chase 
them  out  of  the  park,  and  the  two-legged 
wolves  kill  them  the  year  round. 

What  is  the  use  of  spending  annually 
several  thousands  of  dollars  in  paying 
rangers  in  the  park  if  the  wolves  are  not 
abated,  and  the  numerous  poachers  on 
its  immediate  borders  are  given  a  free 
hand  to  molest  the  moose  and  deer  dur- 
ing the  whole  year,  also  trap  prohibited 
fur-bearing  animals,  as  has  been  going 
on  for  many  years? 

By  the  use  of  steel  traps,  the  old  as 
well  as  the  young  wolf  is  caught,  but 
with  poisoned  baits  an  old  fellow  is  very 
seldom  crazy  enough  to  swallow  such 
bitter  stuff. 

I  am  surprised  to  see  that,  the  wolves 
being  so  numerous  in  the  park,  so  few 
dens  are  found  by  the  rangers.  It  is  not 
hard  to  find  wolf  dens  in  the  spring  for  a. 
man  who  is  good  on  snowshoes.  If  a 
fresh  track  is  found  in  the  month  of 
March,  immediately  after  a  fall  of  snow,, 
it  should  be  followed  as  directed  here. 

If  found  in  the  afternoon  or  late  in  the 
evening  it  should  be  followed  backwards. 
If  it  snows  during  the  night  or  early  in 
the  morning  and  a  fresh  track-is  found  it 
should  be  followed  in  the  direction  the 
wolf  is  going,  and  the  den  will  be  found ;, 


THE  WOLVES  IN  ALGONQUIN  PARK 


13 


and  very  often  it  will  not  take  many  hours 
to  reach  the  den. 

The  she  wolf  gets  her  young  ones  in 
the  months  of  February  and  March  and 
the  beginning  of  April,  and  she  is  out 
every  night  for  grub.  In  the  morning 
she  points  for  her  den,  and  in  the  after- 
noon and  evening  leaves  it.  As  a  wolfer 
approaches  nearer  to  the  den,  the  trail 
gets  plainer  and  more  tracks  are  found, 
which  all  lead  to  a  well-defined  path. 
Then  the  den  is  not  far  off.  The  mouth 
of  the  den  is  generally  about  two  feet  or 
more  wide,  and  a  man  can  easily  enter  it. 
A  good  jacklight  on  the  head  is  the  real 
thing  to  have,  with  a  good  revolver;  also 
a  gaff  hook  with  a  short  handle  to  pull 
the  wolves  out.  If  the  old  one  is  in  the 
den  she  will  be  found  at  the  most  remote 
corner.  She  should  be  killed  first,  then 
the  puppies.  The  pups  can  be  pulled  out 
with  the  gaff  hook  and  clubbed  when  they 
are  as  big  as  a  cat.  They  should  not  be 
handled  with  the  hands,  as  they  will  bite, 
and  their  bites  are  dangerous. 

The  dens  are  nearly  always  found  in 
caves,  steep  stony  hills,  and  sometimes  in 
old  logs,  and  most  of  the  time  on  the 
sunny  side,  and  in  such  a  place  where  a 
man  never  passes  unless  he  is  looking  for 
dens.  Once  the  den  is  located  he  must 
not  walk  right  to  the  mouth  of  it  unless 
he  is  prepared  for  immediate  action,  be- 
cause if  the  wolfer  goes  rjght  up  to  the 
entrance  and  then  returns  to  his  camp 
he  will  not  find  the  wolf  in  when  he  comes 
back.  He  should,  therefore,  keep  at 
least'  a  hundred  feet  away,  and  not  stand 
there  and  blaze  a  tree,  but  carefully  mark 
the  place  by  some  other  means  and  then 
take  his  bearings  and  point  for  his  camp 
by  another  road.  A  few  hundred  yards 
further  he  may  start  to  blaze  the  trees. 
He  should  do  this  sparingly,  especially 
at  the  beginning,  as  the  wolf  is  very  shy 
of  men's  signs  near  his  abode. 

A  wolf  can  also  be  run  down  in  the 
winter  when  the  snow  is  light  and  deep, 
immediately  after  a  heavy  fall  of  snow. 
If  a  fresh  track  is  found,  and  if  the  hunter 
has  a  good  pair  of  snowshoes,  it  will  take 
him  less  than  half  a  day  to  skin  that  wolf, 
and  sometimes  only  a  few  hours.  This 
always  happens  when  you  come  to  a  track 
where  you  see  that  the  wolf  was  taking 


long  jumps.  This  is  a  sign  that  he  is 
close  and  fhat  he  has  seen  or  heard  you 
coming.  The  moment  he  notices  you 
are  following  him  he  will  put  on  his  full 
speed  and  sink  deeper  in  the  snow,  and 
will  soon  be  exhausted.  He  will  then 
lay  low  and  face  you  with  a  very  sheepish- 
looking  face.  Never  get  too  close  to  him, 
but  shoot  him  when  you  are  fifteen  or 
twenty  yards  away. 

The  Indians  in  the  north  destroy  the 
wolf  with  small  whalebones,  instead  of 
poison.  These  bones  are  bent  double, 
tied  with  a  very  thin  strip  of  raw  skin, 
and  the  bone  inserted  in  a  piece  of  rabbit 
or  other  meat.  Once  the  wolf  has  landed 
this  bait  in  his  stomach  he  is  a  goner 
every  time,  though  it  takes  him  a  long 
time  to  die.  In  this  case,  should  fur- 
bearing  animals  feed  on  his  carcass  they 
will  not  die,  as  they  would  if  poison  were 
used. 

The  wolf  can  be  very  effectively  de- 
stroyed by  the  use  of  the  ''sponge  bait." 
A  good  quality  of  sponge  should  be  pro- 
cured and  thoroughly  cleaned  and  ex- 
posed to  the  sun  for  several  days  in  the 
open  air.  This  can  be  done  by  passing 
a  good  twine  through  them  with  the  aid 
of  a  needle.  Once  they  are  well  dried 
they  should  be  divided  into  pieces  the 
size  of  the  fist,  then  these  should  be 
soaked  in  warm  water  (not  boiling 
water),  the  water  well  pressed  out,  and 
while  damp  each  piece  should  be  tied  up 
tight  with  a  good  string  in  a  round  shape. 
This  is  done  by  winding  the  string  around 
the  sponges,  which  are  again  hung  out  in 
the  sun  and  once  more  thoroughly  dried. 
The  string  should  be  removed  and  the 
sponge  dipped  in  melted  mutton  tallow 
until  well  coated.  The  sponge  should  be 
allowed  to  stand  in  a  cold  place  a  little 
before  dipping,  so  that  the  tallow  will  ad- 
here well  to  the  sponge.  The  tallow 
must  not  be  red-hot.  After  dipping,  each 
bait  should  be  placed  on  a  clean  board  (a 
newly-planed  pine  board  is  the  best),  and 
allowed  to  stand  until  the  tallow  gets 
hard.  Then  these  should  be  placed  in  a 
clean  box  or  pail,  a  freshly-emptied  lard 
pail  or  one  in  which  some  fresh  blood  has 
been  put.  The  baits  should  not  be  touch- 
ed with  the  hands  after  they  have  been 
dipped  in  the  tallow,  but  they  should  be 


14 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


worked  with  a  small  wooden  paddle,  and 
dropped  on  the  lakes  with  the  paddle.  A 
good  idea  is  to  stick  a  long  black  feather 
in  each  bait,  so  that  when  the  bait  is 
dropped  the  feather  will  stand  up.  This 
has  the  effect  of  indicating  when  the  wolf 
has  taken  the  bait  without  being  obliged 
to  walk  right  up  to  it,  and  when  a  fox  or 
wolf  sees  a  small  black  spot  on  a  lake  he 
will  always  investigate.  If  it  snows  the 
feather  can  be  seen,  unless  there  has  been 
a  heavy  fall.  When  the  feather  is  down 
it  means  that  the  bait  has  been  taken. 
The  baits  should  be  placed  at  least  forty 
or  sixty  yards  apart,  so  that  the  same 
wolf  may  not  eat  them  all.  A  good  posi- 
tion to  place  these  baits  is  twenty  or 
thirty  feet  from  the  carcass  of  a  dead 
deer.  Four  or  five  baits  at  a  time  can  be 
placed  at  such  a  place. 

I  have  found  out  that  the  brain  of  a 
deer,  with  the  marrow  of  the  shoulder 
bones,  melted  together  and  the  sponge 
dipped  in,  or  even  fried  in  this  fat,  was 
very  good.  The  wolf  is  exceedingly  fond 
of  mutton  tallow  and  of  deer's  brain,  and 
will  take  and  swallow  these  baits  without 
fear,  as  he  will  find  that  there  is  no  bitter 
taste  when  he  chews  them.  Once  in  his 
stomach  the  tallow  will  melt  away  and 
the  sponge  will  swell.  The  wolf  will  feel 
dry  and  will  eat  snow  or  drink.  And  the 
more  water  he  takes  the  quicker  the 
sponge  gets  big,  and  he  will  die.  It  is 
slow,  but  sure,  and  it  never  fails  as 
strychnnine  bait  does  sometimes.  When 
the  latter  dose  is  too  strong  the  wolf  or 
fox  will,  vomit,  and  if  he  recovers,  then 
he  is  educated,  and  as  the  wolf  is  a  good 
scholar,  not  only  will  he  carefully  avoid 
the  poisoned  baits,  but  he  will  also  com- 
municate his  experience  to  others,  and 
they  will  laugh  at  the  would-be  wolfer 
who  tries  to  catch  them  with  this  kind  of 
stuff. 

With  sponge  baits  some  wolves  will 
be  found  dead,  others  in  a  dying  condi- 
tion, but  very  many  of  them  will  die  in 
their  dens.  I  am  strongly  of  the  opin- 
ion that  if  these  baits  were  tried  and  free- 
ly used  in  the  park  for  a  few  winters  the 
wolf  tracks  would  not  be  so  numerous  on 
Kearney  and  on  the  other  lakes  as  they 
are  at  ''the  present  time,  and  the  deer 
would  have  a  chance.     I  am  convinced 


that  a  few  hundred  dollars  spent  in  this 
way  would  be  very  well  spent.  If  the 
baits  were  carefully  prepared  and  proper- 
ly distributed  they  would  certainly  be  a 
hard  blow  at  the  wolves. 

I  had  occasion  last  summer  to  meet  one 
of  the  park  rangers  and  had  just  a  short 
talk  with  him.  He  informed  me  that  it 
was  a  shame  to  see  the  number  of  deer 
which  were  slaughtered  in  the  park  by 
the  wolves  each  winter,  and  especially  in 
the  month  of  March,  and,  believing  he 
was  speaking  to  a  green  man,  he  remark- 
ed: "You  see,  owing  to  the  fact  that  no 
dogs  are  allowed  in  the  park,  every  doe 
is  heavy  with  young  ones  in  the  spring, 
and  owing  to  this  the  deer  which  the 
wolves  kill  are  mostly  all  does." 

I  asked  him  if  a  wolf  was  a  very  fleet 
animal,  and  if  he  could  catch  a  deer.  He 
replied :  "Oh,  yes  ;  they  can  and  do  catch 
them,  both  in  the  summer  and  winter." 

I  then  asked  if  he  had  ever  himself 
seen  a  hound  catch  a  deer  during  the 
hunting  season  in  October  or  November, 
providing  the  deer  had  not  been  previous- 
ly wounded?  He  said,  "No";  he  had 
never  seen  any  caught  that  way. 

"Well,"  I  replied,  "then  what  gives  you 
the  impression  that,  owing  to  the  fact 
that  dogs  are  prohibited  in  the  park  there 
should  be  no  dry  does  there,  when  it  is 
a  well-known  fact  that  wolves  do  chase 
deer  much  faster  than  any  hound  can,  and 
as  they  chase  them,  not  only  during  a 
few  weeks,  but  during  the  whole  year, 
show  me  what  weight  there  is  in  your 
argument  that  there  should  be  more  dry 
does  outside  of  the  park,  where  the  dogs, 
are  allowed  for  a  few  weeks  each  year„ 
than  in  the  park,  where  the  wolves  are 
worrying  them  all  the  time?" 

He  answered  that  this  truth  had  never 
occurred  to  him  before,  and  he  owned  up 
that  this  opinion  that  the  hounds  were 
the  cause  of  dry  does  was  false,  and  could 
be  no  longer  entertained. 

A  good  way,  also,  to  catch  wolves  dur- 
ing the  summer  and  fall,  where  they  are 
numerous,  as  in  the  Algonquin  Park,  is 
by  the  "pen"  system. 

Build  a  pen  on  the  top  of  some  high 
ridges  or  along  some  old  shanty  roads,., 
flat  stony  points  on  lakes,  narrow  places 
between  two  lakes,  or  at  any  good  deer 


THE  WOLVES  IN  ALGONQUIN  PARK 


15 


and  wolf  pass.  The  pens  should  be  ten 
feet  square,  walls  four  feet  high,  then 
commence  to  narrow  it  until  the  opening 
at  the  top  is  four  feet  square,  and  six  feet 
from  the  ground.  The  top  poles  of  the 
opening  should  be  bored  every  six  inches 
with  one  and  one-half  inch  auger,  and 
pins  driven  in  and  well  sharpened  with  a 
drawknife.  The  pins  should  be  long 
enough  to  stick  at  least  twelve  to  fifteen 
inches  straight  down  in  the  pen.  The 
corners  of  every  row  of  poles  should  be 
made  secure,  so  that  they  cannot  be  torn 
apart ;  the  poles  should  be  not  less  than 
six  inches  at  the  small  end,  and  the  space 
between  poles  on  the  walls  should  not  ex- 
ceed more  than  three  inches,  and  should 
consist  of  some  tough  wood,  such  as  red 
pine,  spruce,  tamarac,  hemlock  or  hard- 
wood. The  pens  ought  to  be  built  on  a 
flat  rock  or  good  stony  bottom,  so  that 
the  wolves  can  not  dig  out.  The  top 
poles  of  the  opening  should  be  strong  and 
with  a  smooth  surface.  The  top  of  the 
pins  should  also  be  cut  off  close  to  the 
poles  and  wedged  down  where  required. 
These  pens  should  be  built  about  two 
months  before  using,  and  the  shavings 
should  all  be  burned. 

In  building  a  pen  advantage  can  be  tak- 
en of  a  stone  wall  on  one  side,  and  it  pays 
to  build  these  pens  good  and  strong. 
Then  a  live  sheep  should  be  put  in,  fed 
and  watered.  A  wolf  can  scent  a  sheep 
from  a  long  distance,  and  the  first  one,  or 
pack,  to  get  the  scent  will  at  once  take  a 
bee  line  for  it,  make  a  few  circles  around 
the  pen,  and  then  jump  on  top  and  down 
inside,  to  stay  until  the  wolfer  comes. 

The  sharp  pins  will  prevent  the  wolf  or 
wolves  getting  hold  with  their  hind  feet, 
and  consequently  they  are  unable  to  get 


out  and  seldom  will  molest  the  sheep. 
These  pens  when  well  made  will  last  for 
many  years,  and  a  whole  wolf  pack  will 
often  be  found  inside.  A  few  handy  men 
with  the  axe,  and  with  the  aid  of  a  cross- 
cut saw,  auger  and  drawknife,  can  build 
several  of  these  pens  in  a  week. 

It  would  certainly  well  pay  to  have  a 
dozen  or  more  of  these  pens  built  in  the 
park  and  some  old  sheep  should  be  pro- 
vided for  them.  If  the  wolves  are  to  be 
destroyed  in  the  park  it  is  time  that  the 
rangers  should  get  busy,  and  that  the 
Fish  and  Game  Department  should  pro- 
vide the  necessary  funds  for  the  system 
of  abating  the  wolves  which  I  respect- 
fully submit. 

I  found  once  in  a  pen  of  the  above  de- 
scription which  I  had  built  at  the  nar- 
row intersection  of  two  high  ridges,  a  she 
wolf  and  her  three  young  ones,  and  a  dog 
bear.  Each  animal  occupied  its  respec- 
tive corner.  The  sheep  seemed  to  be  the 
boss  of  the  pen.  When  I  arrived  he  was 
lying  down  and  quietly  chewing  his  cud. 
The  bear  had  tried  hard  to  get  out  at  the 
opening,  but  the  sharp  pins  were  too 
much  in  his  way,  so  he  had  to  give  up. 
He  then  worked  hard  in  one  corner,  but 
without  much  success.  I  had  been  three 
days  without  visiting  the  pen,  and  judg- 
ing by  the  appearance  of  the  inside  the 
bear  must  have  been  there  for  a  few  days 
and  had  most  likely  landed  in  after  the 
wolves. 

The  top  poles  of  the  pen  should  always 
be  well  secured.  Cross  pieces  should  be 
laid  flat  on  the  poles  and  well  pegged 
down.  Each  pole  end  sho'uld  be  examin- 
ed and  made  sure  that  it  cannot  be  moved 
to  any  side. 


THE  TRAILS  OF  TEMAGAMI. 

BY  VICTOR  SHAWE. 


The  trails  of  the  Northland  lure  me, 
For  the  Wanderlust  is  strong; 

And  the  swaying  pine 

To  this  heart  of  mine 
Croons  the  sweetest  sort  of  song. 


The  lust  of  the  hunt  is  on  me, 
And  my  heart  and  hands  are  free, 
So  I  turn  once  more 
To  the  fir-rimmed  shore 
Of  my  Lake  Temagami. 


Our  Trip  to  Indian  River,  B.  C 


BY  EDMUND  BENSON. 


<<^r  yrr  J  ELL,  about  the  best  place  I  can 

\\/    tn^n^  °*  *s  Indian  river.  What 
VV      do  you  think,  Ed?" 

My  friend  and  chum,  Bill 
Abbott,  thus  addressed  me  one  fine  even- 
ing in  June,  as  that  worthy,  Bert  Baxter 
and  I  sat  on  the  latter's  front  porch  dis- 
cussing the  plans  of  our  proposed  outing 
for  the  summer. 

A  Ye  three  "tillicums"  had  arranged  to 
secure  our  annual  fortnight  holiday  so 
that  we  might  all  set  out  together. 

I  presume  that  many  of  my  readers 
will  be  quite  in  the  dark  as  to  the  location 
of  Indian  river,  and  for  their  benefit  I 
would  state  that  it  is  situated  at  the  head 
of  Burrard  Inlet,  some  twenty  miles 
northeast  of  Vancouver,  B.  C,  and  a 
more  lovely  spot  for  an  outing  we  could 
not  have  chosen.  It  is  bounded  by  lofty 
mountains  on  the  east  and  west,  while 
the  Inlet  lies  to  the  south  and  the  river 
empties  into  the  Inlet  from  the  north. 

"Well,  if  it  is  agreeable  to  you,  boys, 
it  is  quite  agreeable  to  me,"  I  replied,  and 
it  was,  so  we  parted  company  for  the 
night,  and  the  following  week  saw  us 
hustling  around  making  preparations  for 
our  departure  on  the  next  Monday. 

At  last  the  happy  day  arrived,  and  with 
smiling  faces  and  hopes  running  high  we 
set  out  to  the  boat,  arriving  there  about 
half  an  hour  before  its  departure.  Of 
course,  this  short  time  seemed  hours  to 
us,  but  we  finally  got  under  way.  The 
time  passed  pleasantly  on  the  boat,  and 
numerous  parties  dropped  off  at  way 
points,  as  there  are  plenty  of  picknicking 
grounds  on  the  way  up,  and  camping 
grounds  in  countless  numbers. 

By  the  time  Indian  river  was  reached 
there  were  no  people  on  board  save  the 
crew  and  ourselves,  and  after  a  landing 
was  made  at  Dickens'  Wharf  we  set  out 
to  find  a  place  to  camp. 

After  looking  vainly  for  a  suitable 
camping  ground  on  the  landing  side  we 
decided  to  pole  across  to  a  likely  spot  on 
the  other  side  near  the  river,  so  taking 


French  leave  of  a  boat  that  was  moored 
near  us,  we  paddled  across,  and  it  fell  to 
the  lot  of  Bill  to  take  the  boat  back,  and 
then  get  back  himself  as  best  he  could. 
It  is  to  be  presumed  that  Bill  did  not  rel- 
ish this  task  very  much,  as  he  told  us  on 
his  arrival  in  camp  that  he  would  swim 
across  the  next  time  rather  than  clamber 
along  a  mountain  ledge  about  a  foot  wide 
and  take  chances  on  breaking  his  neck. 
His  torn  trousers  and  dishevelled  appear- 
ance certainly  bore  witness  to  the  fact 
that  he  had  a  pretty  hard  time  of  it. 

As  it  was  rather  late  on  Bill's  arrival 
in  camp  we  decided  to  have  supper  and 
then  buckle  up  for  the  night.  But  it  was 
fated  that  we  should  not  rest  peaceably, 
for  an  hour  or  so  after  I  turned  in  I  felt 
a  cool  trickle  of  water  running  underneath 
me,  and  on  looking  to  see  what  the  trou- 
ble was,  found  that  we  would  be  flooded 
out  in  another  ten  minutes  unless  we 
changed  quarters.  So,  hurriedly  arous- 
ing my  companions,  we  prepared  for  a 
change  of  camp,  moving  about  a  hundred 
yards  farther  up  on  a  drier  piece  of 
ground,  but  still  we  did  not  have  rest,  as 
towards  morning  we  discovered  that  this 
spot  was  not  beyond  reach  of  the  tide, 
and  we  then  decided  to  emigrate  back  to 
our  first  position  on  the  other  side  of  the 
bay,  in  order  to  do  which  Bill  and  I  were 
forced  to  go  back  for  the  boat,  a  most 
arduous  task,  as  I  discovered  before  long, 
while  Bert  was  left  in  charge  of  the  pro- 
visions. 

This  memorable  climb  I  will  never  for- 
get, and  I  often  wonder  how  it  was  that 
we  managed  to  get  across,  and  any  per- 
son who  has  taken  a  look  at  the  cliffs  that 
lie  to  the  west  of  the  Park  will  under- 
stand what  a  task  we  had. 

To  get  to  the  bottom  of  the  cliff  we 
were  forced  to  go  into  water  up  to  our 
waists,  as  the  tide  had  not  yet  fallen,  and 
we  then  began  bur  ascent.  Over*  fallen 
trees,  along  ledges,  a  drop  irom  which 
meant  a  two-hundred  foot  plunge  into 
the  water  below,  clinging  to  vines,  shrubs 


V 


View  on  the  North  Arm  Near  Indian  River. 


and  anything  available  to  support  our- 
selves, we  travelled. 

After  getting  into  all  sorts  of  perilous 
positions  and  managing  to  get  out  of 
them,  we  at  last  reached  Mr.  Dickens' 
camp,  feeling  pretty  tired  and  footsore. 
We  then  set  out  with  the  boat  and  pro- 
cured our  provisions  and  the  very  lone- 
some Bert,  and  landed  them  safely,  after 
which  we  set  about  preparing  a  new  camp 
for  ourselves. 

The  next  day  we  poled  up  the  river, 
which  was  no  mean  task,  but  we  felt  our 
toil  rewarded  when  we  "shot  the  rapids," 


for  the  river  runs  very  swiftly,  though 
quite  shallow  in  parts.  We  saw  several 
large  trout,  although  we  were  never  able 
to  land  anything  over  a  foot  long;  but 
these  furnished  great  sport  for  the  short 
time  one  had  them  on  the  line.  Bert 
also  shot  a  muskrat  with  his  rifle,  and  I 
must  say  that  this  particular  sort  of  ver- 
min was  very  plentiful  there,  as  I  felt 
several  run  across  me  in  the  night,  and 
we  succeeded  in  killing  a  number  in  day- 
light. 

Another  contribution  to  our  sports  of 
the  day  was  the  visit  to  the  beautiful 


18 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


"Falls  of  the  Spray  of  Pearls.''  These 
falls  are  divided  into  three  distinct  sec- 
tions and  cover  over  one  thousand  feet  in 
their  descent  to  the  bottom  of  the  canyon. 
The  lowest  and  most  beautiful  of  these 
three  falls  a  distance  of  about  two  hun- 
dred feet,  and  a  person  standing  one  hun- 
dred yards  away  from  their  base  can  feel 
the  moisture  in  the  air,  and  on  a  warm 
summer  day  nothing  could  be  more  pleas- 
ing than  to  take  a  trip  to  the  falls  for  a 
cooling  off,  as  they  can  be  easily  reached 
by  following  the  creek  which  is  caused 
by  the  flow  of  the  falls. 

The  next  three  days  we  spent  lounging 
about  camp,  eating  blueberries,  which 
grew  abundantly  everywhere,  and  pad- 


dling around  the  bay,  during  which  time 
I  managed  to  cut  my  foot,  and  my  friend 
Bert  also  cut  his  hand,  all  of  which  caused 
Bill  untold  amusement,  and  likewise 
caused  things  to  come  his  way. 

On  the  following  day  we  broke  camp 
and  bade  good-bye  to  our  friend,  Mr. 
Dickens'  housekeeper,  a  Jap,  whom  we 
had  surnamed  Togo,  after  thanking  him 
very  much  for  his  many  little  courtesies 
during  our  stay. 

We  arrived  in  Vancouver  very  much 
toughened  by  our  experiences,  and  also 
willing  to  start  another  twelve  months' 
grind,  but  we  are  looking  forward  with 
great  anticipation  to  another  such  holiday 
in  the  near  future. 


TO  THE  NORTH  SASKATCHEWAN. 

BY  VLADIMIR  DILLON. 

On  your  sands  I've  sat  beside  the  camp-fire's  glimmer, 
And  have  watched  the  shadows  leaping  in  the  light ; 

I  have  heard  the  lulling  voices  of  your  ripples, 
As  they  whispered  to  the  spirits  of  the  night. 

I  have  seen  the  dance  of  moonbeams  on  your  waters, 
I  have  heard  the  shrieks  of  wolves  upon  your  shores, 

I  have  listened  to  the  whistling  wings  of  bird-flocks, 
And  the  rythmic  splash  of  scintillating  oars. 

I  have  viewed  the  golden  splendour  of  your  torrent, 

In  the  glory  of<the  early  morning  sun; 
I  have  lingered  by  the  overhanging,  willows, 

When  night's  million  eyes  their  vigil  have  begun. 

I  have  seen  your  ample  bosom  madly  heaving, 

I  have  heard  your  ranks  of  pines  and  poplars  moan, 

I  have  gazed  upon  your  seething,  foaming  billows, 

'Neath  the  lightning's  lurid  flash  and  thunder's  groan. 

I  have  watched  your  rising,  splendidly  triumphant, 
From  the  slavery  of  winter's  rigid  reign ; 

I  have  seen  you  break  your  mighty  ice-forged  fetters, 
And  renew  your  green  felicity  again. 

I  have  dwelt  upon  your  sweetly  verdant  borders, 

And  have  quaffed  full  many  beakers  of  your  store ; 

By  those  banks  where  many  dusky. braves  lie  sleeping, 
To  the  magic  of  your  music,  evermore. 


One  of  the  Steamers  of  the  Temiskaming  Navigation  Company  with  Guests  on  a  Daily  Trip. 


A  Wilderness  Paradise 


T 


iHE  call  of  the  wild"  is  one  that 
comes  to  most  well-regulated  men 
at  least  once  a  year.  It  is  echoed 
in  the  hearts  of  his  family  and  his 
friends.  •  It  perhaps  springs  from  that 
primitive  desire  to  get  close  to  Nature's 
heart  —  away  from  the  thraldom  of  bus- 
iness and  the  hustle  and  roar  of  the  town 
or  city  —  back  to  where  one  can  divest 
himself  of  studied  conventions  and  be  and 
act  the  real  boy  again.  Every  year  men 
and  women  leave  luxurious  homes  and 
hie  them  away  to  the  woods  to  spend  a 
few  weeks  in  the  joy  of  roughing  it  with- 
out thought  of  social  or  commercial  exac- 
tions. They  reap  their  reward  in  the 
form  of  renewed  vigor,  and  return  tanned 
and  happy,  with  an  added  zest  for  work. 

In  the  springtime  this  longing  makes 
itself  felt,  and  mentally  one  formulates 
plans  for  the  summer  vacation.  As  the 
years  roll  by  and  the  country  becomes 
more  and  more  settled,  the  question 
where  to  go  becomes  harder  and  harder 
to  decide.  The  great  wish  is  to  get  out 
in  the  wilderness,  but  of  necessity  it  must 
be  a  spot  out  of  the  range  of  civilization, 


but  within  easy  striking  distance  of  com- 
mercial centres.  In  this  connection  there 
is  no  spot  on  this  continent  which  occu- 
pies such  a  commanding  position  of 
"splendid  isolation"  as  the  Kipawa  and 
Temiskaming  Lake  District.  Here  is  a 
virgin  wild,  easy  of  access,  in  the  heart 
of  New  Ontario,  and  skirting  the  wilder 
portion  of  the  good  old  Province  of  Que- 
bec. It  is  a  district  of  magnificent  water 
stretches,  virtually  teeming  with  fish; 
while  its  forests  are  yet  alive  with  game 
of  every  variety  from  the  partridge  to  the 
stately  moose.  It  is  a  district  rich  in  the 
lore  and  the  legend  of  the  Redman,  and 
its  rivers  and  lakes  bear  the  soft-sounding 
names  of  the  Ojibway  tongue.  Apart 
from  the  rugged  beauty  of  the  scenery 
the  chief  charm  of  the  district  for  many 
will  be  in  the  fact  that  man  has  not  placed 
his  despoiling  hand  upon  it.  It  is  a  sec- 
tion where  a  man  virtually  steps  from  a 
train  at  the  terminus  of  civilization  and 
walks  direct  into  a  wilderness  —  and  such 
a  wilderness !  such  a  riot  of  flowers !  such 
a  majesty  of  forest  and  such  an  intertwin- 
ing of  placid  lakes  and  beautiful  rivers. 


Guests  on  xne  Verandah  of  the  Bellevue,  Temiskaming. 


It  is  as  if  Nature  moulded  it  in  the  super- 
lative degree. 

The  Kipawa  and  Temiskaming  district 
forms  a  section  of  the  Laurentian  range 
and  its  altitude  ensures  that  clarified  air 
which  brings  strength  to  weak  lungs  and 
soothing  to  tired  nerves.  The  atmos- 
phere is  everywhere  redolent  with  the 
grateful  perfume  of  the  balsam  and  the 
fir,  and  over  all  these  is  a  grandeur  of 
beauty  that  is  an  inspiration  to  content- 
ment. 

The  Kipawa  and  Temiskaming  Lake 
district,  which  comprises  some  thousands 
of  square  miles  of  primeval  wild,  is  bound- 
ed on  the  south  by  the  Ottawa  river,  on 
the  west  by  Lake  Temiskaming, 'which  is 
really  an  expanse  of  the  same  river,  and 
on  the  north  by  the  Ottawa  river.  It 
lies  north  of  Lake  Ontario,  and  due  north 
of  Buffalo.  Temiskaming  station  is  the 
rail-end  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway 
branch  line  from  Mattawa,  and  the  trip 
from  the  latter  place  carries  one  through 
forty  miles  of  as  picturesque  country  as 
could  well  be  imagined.  Temiskaming 
station  is  situated  on  the  south  end  of  the 
famed  Lake  Temiskaming,  a  magnificent 
body  of  water  from  one  to  seven  miles 
wide,  and  extending  north  for  a  distance 
of  fully  seventy-six  miles,  navigable  by 
the  largest  steamers.  During  the  sum- 
mer season  daily  trips  are  made  over  the 


lake  by  the  commodious  steamers  of  the 
Temiskaming  Navigation  Company,  the 
starting  point  of  which  is  at  Temiskaming 
station.  Of  the  beauty  of  the  scenery 
along  the  shores  of  Lake  Temiskaming  a 
volume  might  be  written,  and  the  brush 
of  the  greatest  artist  would  fall  short  of 
doing  it  justice.  On  every  side  there  is 
something  to  delight  the  eye,  and  all 
along,  as  a  background,  lie  the  verdure- 
clad  Laurentian  Hills. 

A  short  distance  from  Temiskaming 
station  in  the  heart  of  beautiful  grounds 
overlooking  the  lake  towards  the  Quebec 
shore  is  the  Bellevue  Hotel,  commodious 
and  modern  in  all  its  equipment,  electri- 
cally lighted  throughout,  with  the  latest 
plumbing,  and  with  a  supply  of  pure 
spring  water  piped  some  thousands  of 
feet  from  the  Laurentian  Hills.  It  forms 
an  ideal  spot  from  which  to  organize  out- 
ing parties  into  this  northern  paradise. 
Here  may  be  obtained  the  necessary 
equipment  in  the  way  of  guides,  canoes> 
boats  and  outfits  to  enjoy  all  the  pleasures 
of  hunting  or  fishing  expeditions.  Bil- 
liard rooms  and  tennis  lawn  for  recreation 
if  you  wish,  but  the  woods,  the  streams 
and  the  lakes  are  the  most  popular  at- 
tractions for  Bellevue  guests.  Near  the 
hotel,  and  surrounding  the  grounds,. are  a 
number  of  cottages  suitable  for  families. 
The  Bellevue  Hotel  is  the  orie  modern 


A  WILDERNESS  PARADISE 


•31 


touch  in  this  natural  wilderness,  and  finds 
great  favor  with  tourists. 

In  the  numerous  rivers  and  streams  ad- 
jacent to  Temiskaming  station  are  to  be 
obtained  a  variety  of  fish  calculated  to 
delight  the  hearts  of  the  most  devoted  of 
the  followers  of  Izaak  Walton.  Pike, 
dore,  black  bass  and  maskinonge  are 
among  the  rewards  of  the  faithful  angler, 
while  there  are  innumerable  trout  streams 
within  easy  distance  of  the  Bellevue. 
Among  the  rare  treats  offered  to  gues-ts 
at  the  Bellevue  is  the  opportunity  of  pro- 
ceeding by  boat  to  a  nearby  lake,  pitching 
stakes  and  spending  several  days  under 
canvas  in  fishing  and  hunting.  The  camp- 
ers' boats  are  usually  towed  up  to  the  de- 
sired destination  by  gasoline  launches  run 
in  connection  with  the  hotel.  Of  the 
famed  trout  fishing  streams,  from  which 
have  emanated  many  famous  tales  of  pis- 
catorial prowess,  may  be  mentioned  Obi- 


mik  Creek,  Emerald  Lake,  Greene  Lake, 
Hart  Lake  and  the  Obashing  Lakes. 

The  Kipawa  Lake  District  is  renowned 
as  the  home  of  large  moose,  and  North 
Temiskaming  station  is  also  regarded  as 
a  great  moose  country,  but  little  frequent- 
ed by  hunters  as  yet.  Good  game  of 
other  species  may  also  be  encountered, 
and  but  recently  three  black  bears  were 
killed  within  a  few  miles  of  the  Bellevue 
Hotel. 

To  the  tourist  making  his  first  trip  to 
Canada,  and  whose  curiosity  has  been 
aroused  by  the  lure  of  the  richness  of  the 
far-famed  Cobalt  Silver  Camp,  is  offered 
the  opportunity  of  rounding  off  his  vaca- 
tion by  a  flying  visit  to  this  Northern  El- 
dorado. A  delightful  trip  from  Temiska- 
ming station  on  a  palatial  steamed  lands 
the  traveller  at  Haileybury,  which  is  with- 
in fifteen  minutes'  railway  ride  from  Co- 
balt City. 


"CANADAW." 

BY  MAX  PRESTON. 

Dat  Canadaw,  she's  babie  yet, 

Mais,  ami,  he's  dat  reech 
Lak  Rockefeller  han'  Pierrepont, 

Lak  wan  dam  fan,  rap  peach. 
From  Lak  St.  Clair  to  Hodson  Bay 

Wit  traineau,  mackinaw, 
Wit  snow-shoe  han'  ma  longue  carbine — 

A  know  dat  Canadaw. 

Ba  gar!  A  tell  ye  she's  lak  'ome, 

Han'  eef  somme  tarn  she's  troub', 
Lak  ma  p'chee  Bacheece,  mon  cher. 

She's  hoi'  dat  great  beeg  clob, 
Dat  "beeg  stick"  hof  de  politique, 

Dat's  say  somme  waterway- 
Will  feex  dat  commerce  for  de  worl' — 

For  Canadaw  —  Hurray ! 

O !  Canadaw,  dat  great  beeg  place, 

'E's  hall  de  worl'  to  me ; 
A  go  dees  way  han'  A  go  dat, 

Hall  over  noirt'  countree  ; 
Han'  wen  somme  montagne  A  clamb  op, 

Han'  wen  somme  lak  Ha'm  on, 
A  feel  A  got  somme  'eart  too  mooch — 

Ah  !  Canadaw,  she's  bon  ! 


A  Big  One  That  Did  Not  Get  Away 


BY  G.  E.  RICHARDSON. 


AMONG  fishermen  spring  brings  up 
once  more  the  subject  that  holds 
them  one  and  all  its  eager  devo- 
tees. Followers  of  other  forms 
of  sport  may  dilate  with  enthusiasm  on 
the  pleasures  the  coming  summer  months 
may  be  expected  to  bring  forth.  It  is, 
however,  among  followers  of  the  rod  and 
line  that  the  greatest  signs  of  activity 
are  to  be  found.  It  is  as  though  the 
warm  rays  of  the  sun  that  disperse  our 


The  Author  and  His  Record  Trout. 


snow  banks  and  our  ice-bound  streams, 
also  thaw  the  depths  of  our  memories, 
causing  anecdotes  and  reminiscences  to 
spring  forth  abundantly. 

Some  scoffers  (it  is  needless  to  say  they 


are  not  fishermen  themselves)  would 
probably  say  that  the  greatest  effect  is 
upon  the  imagination ;  but  to  such  your 
true  fisherman  maintains  a  lofty  and  dig- 
nified silence.  Nevertheless,  it  remains  a 
fact  that  at  this  season  it  is  hard  to  find 
two  or  more  disciples  of  the  immortal 
Isaac  gathered  together  without  the  con- 
versation turning  to  their  favorite  pas- 
time, and  stories  of  hard-fought  battles, 
well-filled  creels,  and  big  ones  that  got 
away,  are  heard  on  every  hand.  With 
the  hope  that  it  may  prove  interesting  to 
brother  sportsmen  the  following  story  of 
a  big  one  that  did  not  get  away  is  told. 

Early  in  the  evening  of  Friday,  August 
28th,  1908,  I  went  out  to  the  rapids  of  the 
St.  Mary's  river,  at  Sault  Ste.  Marie,  Ont., 
to  try  for  trout,  and  about  6 :30  o'clock 
rose  an  immense  rainbow  trout  that  suc- 
ceeded in  capturing  the  fly.  Finding  that 
it  was  a  case  of  the  biter  bit,  and  that  he 
had  gobbled  more  than  he  expected,  the 
trout  in  his  endeavor  to  get  rid  of  the 
hook  started  an  acrobatic  stunt  that  put 
to  shame  anything  in  this  line  I  had  ever 
seen.  Without  going  into  details,  which 
every  fisherman  can  supply  for  himself,  I 
would  say  that  for  over  an  hour  the  fight 
went  merrily  on  before  the  monster  fin- 
ally succumbed  and  was  brought  within 
reach  of  the  landing  net  in  the  hands  of 
Judge  Runnels,  of  the  Michigan  Soo,  him- 
self an  ardent  fisherman,  and  without 
whose  able  assistance  the  fish  would 
never  have  been  landed.  Within  twenty 
minutes  of  being  taken  from  the  water 
the  fish  was  placed  on  the  scales,  and 
found  to  weigh  an  even  twelve  pounds. 
It  was  thirty  and  one-half  inches  in 
length  and  seventeen  and  one-half  inches 
in  girth  at  the  largest  part.  The  tackle 
used  was  a  six-ounce  split  bamboo  fly  rod 
and  No.  6  Golden  Spinner  fly,  and  the  fifty 
yards  of  line  was  no  more  than  enough, 
as  at  times  it  was  out  to  the  last  turn  of 
the  reel.  The  illustration  gives  some  idea 
of  the  size  of  the  fish,  which  was  taken 
within  ten  minutes'  walk  of  the  street  car 


A  BIG  ONE  THAT  DID  NOT  GET  AWAY 


23 


line,  and  not  more  than  three  hundred 
yards  from  the  ship  canal. 

I  have  gone  to  some  trouble  to  find  out 
if  any  larger  trout  have  ever  been  taken 
on  a  fly  in  Ontario,  and  can  find  no  record 
to  show  that  this  has  ever  been  beaten. 


Maybe  some  reader  can  give  information 
on  the  subject,  which  will  be  gladly  re- 
ceived. I  have  had  the  fish  mounted  by 
Mr.  J.  T.  Ross,  the  local  taxidermist,  and 
will  be  pleased  to  show  it  to  visiting 
sportsmen  who  are  interested  in  the  fish 
or  fishing  of  Northern  Ontario. 


Grouse  ii 

BY  It.  A.  ] 

THERE  is  no  cleaner  or  more  health- 
ful sport  that  comes  to  the  man 
with  a  gun  than  that  of  grouse 
shooting.    To  those  interested  in 
this  sport,  and  to  the  farmers  who  suffer 
from  the  depredations  of  insects,  this  pa- 
per is  respectfully  addressed. 

For  the  purpose  of  this  paper  we  will 
confine  ourselves  to  that  portion  of  the 
grouse  (galina)  family,  indigenous  to  our 
Western  prairie,  which  for  all  practical 
purposes  we  can  divide  into  three  classes, 
viz. : 

The  sharp-tailed  grouse ; 
The  pinnated  grouse ; 
The  ruffed  grouse. 

The  first  of  these  —  the  sharp-tailed 
grouse,  or  what  is  commonly  called  the 
prairie  chicken  —  is  a  bird  of  a  retiring 
disposition,  and  does  not  take  kindly  to 
civilization,  receding  with  the  advance  of 
the  plough  and  harrow.  It  has  ranged 
from  Texas  to  the  far  North,  and  from 
the  slopes  of  the  Rocky  Mountains  to  the 
Mississippi  river  and  Manitoba  on  the 
East. 

It  is  quick  in  flight,  and  in  the  early 
part  of  the  season  lies  well  to  the  dog.  Lat- 
er it  becomes  very  wild,  till  winter  frost 
and  snow  drive  it  to  the  haystacks  and 
barnyards,  which  it  will  only  visit  in  ex- 
treme cases  when  pressed  for  food. 

Its  nest  is  usually  to  be  found  on  the 
prairie,  and  as  it  seeks  the  high  lands  the 
prairie  fires  have  been  responsible  for  the 
destruction  of  numbers  of  these  birds  in 
later  years.  It  has  rarely  been  known  to 
build  its  nest  on  broken  or  ploughed 
ground,  preferring  the  prairie,  where  it 

*  A  paper  read  before  the  Calgary  branch  of 


Alberta* 

RKER. 

seeks  a  hole  protected  by  a  bunch  of 
weeds  or  a  tuft  of  grass ;  lays  from 
twelve  to  fourteen  brown-spotted  eggs 
1.75  x  1.25  inches,  and  as  is  characteristic 
of  all  the  grouse  family,  the  hen  or^fe- 
male  bird  takes  care  of  the  young.  It  is 
a  non-migratory  bird,  and  if  not  disturbed 
will  multiply  very  rapidly. 

Its  food  consists  largely  of  insects,  prin- 
cipally grasshoppers,  bugs,  flies,  and  cat- 
erpillars, supplemented  by  berries  and 
rose-buds  during  the  winter  months. 

The  valuable  service  this  bird  renders 
to  the  farmers  and  ranchers  in  the  de- 
struction of  deleterious  insect  life  was 
fully  shown  in  a  previous  paper,  and  like 
the  rest  of  the  grouse  family,  should  re- 
ceive the  protection  and  support  of  every 
farmer  and  rancher  in  the  country. 

The  pinnated  grouse,  or  the  true  prairie 
chicken,  is  perhaps  the  best  known  of  the 
grouse  family.  It  has  ranged  from  Mani- 
toba to  Texas,  and  from  Eastern  Ohio  to 
Nebraska.  It  was  so  plentiful  at  one 
time  as  to  enter  the  barnyards  and  feed 
with  the  poultry.  Audubon  (the  founder 
of  the  society  called  after  him  for  the  pro- 
tection of  bird  life)  writes  that  this  bird 
was  so,  plentiful  in  Kentucky  as  to  enter 
the  villages,  alight  on  the  houses  and 
streets  in  search  of  food,  as  well  as  fre- 
quenting the  yards,  barn's  and  grain  stacks 
in  the  rural  parts. 

Lack  of  proper  protection  and  illegal 
means  has  practically  exterminated  the 
pinnated  grouse  in  most  of  the  States. 
Comparatively  little  shooting  is  now  to 
be  had  for  the  reasons  that  they  are  ex- 
tremely scarce,  or  are  prohibitively  pro- 

?  Alberta  Fish  and  Game  Protective  Association. 


24 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


tected.  Some  States  protect  till  1910, 
others  to  1911,  1912.  and  1915.  In  Illi- 
nois these  birds,  under  protection,  are  in- 
creasing rapidly. 

The  pinnated  grouse  first  made  its  ap- 
pearance in  Manitoba  about  1882,  and  was 
known  for  some  time  as  the  Minnesota 
grouse.  Since  then  under  protection  it 
has  multiplied  rapidly,  and  is  extending 
west.  It  is  not  an  unusual  thing  to  see  it 
in  Eastern  Saskatchewan  as  far  west  as 
the  Third  Meridian. 

The  pinnated  grouse  and  sharp-tailed 
grouse,  or  so-called  prairie  chicken,  are 
often  confused.  While  there  is  a  distinct 
difference  between  the  two  birds,  both  in 
appearance  and  habits,  nevertheless  they 
are  often  found  in  the  same  locality  and 
in  the  same  flocks,  and  have  been  known 
to  mate,  hybrids  not  being  unknown. 

The  pinnated  grouse  is  the  superior 
bird  of  the  two ;  is  very  hardy  ;  will  stand 
very  intense  cold,  and  is  just  as  prolific 
as  the  sharp-tailed  grouse.  From  a 
sportsman's  standpoint  it  is  the  better 
bird,  as  he  lies  well  to  the  dog,  flushes 
with  little  or  no  noise,  and  flies  very  swift- 
ly, it  taking  a  good  shot  to  grass. 

Like  the  sharp-tailed  grouse,  the  pin- 
nated is  a  great  destroyer  of  insects,  sev- 
enty-five per  cent,  of  its  food  from  May 
to  October  being  insects,  the  balance  be- 
ing weeds,  wild  seeds  and  grains. 

This  bird  follows  civilization,  and  on 
account  of  its  insectivorous  habits  should 
be  a  welcome  friend  to  every  farmer. 

The  male  bird  has  tufts  of  long  neck 
feathers,  which  in  the  females  are  much 
shorter.  The  tail  of  the  male  bird  is 
black,  while  that  of  the  female  is  barred. 
The  male  birds  have  a  loose  sac  or  naked 
skin  beneath  the  tufts  of  feathers  on  the 
neck,  which  he  can  inflate  at  will  to  the 
size  of  a  small  orange,  causing  the  loud 
hollow  or  drumming  sound  so  familiar  to 
sportsmen. 

The  female  bird  lays  from  twelve  to 
fifteen  eggs  in  a  nest  on  the  ground,  and 
hatches,  feeds,  and  takes  care  entirely  of 
the  young  —  the  covey  remaining  intact 
till  the  fall. 

The  ruffed  grouse  —  or  what  is  com- 
monly known  in  Western  Canada  and  Al- 
berta as  the  partridge  —  is  found  only  in 


the  timbered  areas,  and  is  essentially  an 
upland  bird. 

Most  sportsmen  are  familiar  with  the 
drumming  of  this  bird  in  the  early  spring 
morning  and  the  struts  of  the  male,  with 
tail  expanded  into  a  half  circle. 

This  drumming  has  often  been  credited 
to  this  peculiar  species,  but  it  has  been 
well  established  as  a  characteristic  of  the 
whole  grouse  family. 

The  loud  drumming*  is  produced  by 
taking  in  and  forcing  out  air  from  the  sac 
or  bag  on  each  side  of  the  head. 

It  nests  chiefly  on  the  ground,  same  be- 
ing composed  of  leaves ;  it  lays  from  ten 
to  twelve  eggs  of  a  buff  color,  one  and 
one-half  by  one  inch,  and,  like  all  the 
other  grouse  family,  the  young  are  en- 
tirely looked  after  by  the  mother  bird. 

It  is  rarely  seen  in  the  open  except  in 
the  early  morning  or  just  before  sunset, 
when  it  comes  out  into  the  open  to  feed ; 
if  disturbed  it  flies  very  rapidly  to  the 
nearest  tree  or  bush,  and  his  characteristic 
dexterity  in  getting  behind  the  nearest 
tree  often  foils  the  best  shots. 

The  ruffed  grouse  can  be  considered 
the  hardiest  of  the  grouse  family,  as  he 
will  live  where  all  the  other  branches  of 
his  family  would  starve.  He  feeds  on 
bugs,  beetles,  grasshoppers,  caterpillars, 
berries,  rosebuds,  beechnuts,  chestnuts, 
acorns,  moss,  leaf-buds  of  the  birch,  hem- 
lock and  other  trees  ;  will  stand  as  much 
cold  as  the  polar  bear,  but  he  must  have 
cover,  and  the  clearing  of  the  land  drives 
him  back. 

Having  reviewed  the  three  principal 
families  of  grouse,  we  find  that  the  sharp- 
tailed  grouse  recedes  as  civilization  ad- 
vances. If  we  go  beyond  the  haunts  of 
the  farmer,  the  sound  of  the  steam  plough 
and  threshers,  we  will  find  this  bird  as 
plentiful  as  ever.  I  have  seen  them  by 
the  thousand,  late  this  fall,  sixty  miles 
from  civilization  on  the  unbroken  prairie. 
They  are  just  the  reverse  of  the  pinnated 
grouse,  who  advance  with  the  farmer  and 
agriculturist,  taking  the  place  of  the 
sharp-tailed  grouse.  They  live  on  grain 
in  the  fall,  and  insects  during  the  spring 
and  summer,  much  to  the  advantage  of 
the  farmer,  whose  crops  are  protected 


GROUSE  IN  ALBERTA 


25 


from  destruction  by  these  insect-eating 
birds. 

A  peculiarity  of  both  these  species  of 
birds  (the  sharp-tailed  and  pinnated 
grouse)  is  the  segregation  of  the  unmated 
male  birds  after  the  mating  season  into 
large  flocks,  in  which  they  remain  till  the 
fall.  These  cock  birds  are  very  wild  and 
hard  to  shoot.  Their  numbers  are  aug- 
mented each  year  by  the  destruction  of 
the  female  and  young  birds.  When  a 
covey  is  flushed  the  first  bird  to  leave 
is  the  cock,  who  generally  runs  a  hundred 
yards  before  he  flushes,  and  invariably 
gets  away,  the  hen  bird  remaining  with 
the  young,  easily  falling  a  prey  to  the 
sportsman  in  flushing. 

If  all  sportsmen  afield  would  try  to  se- 
cure male  birds,  and  as  far  as  possible 
save  the  females,  conditions  of  these  birds 
would  soon  show  a  very  marked  increase. 

Much  has  been  said  about  protection  by 
law  of  the  grouse  family,  and  a  close  sea- 
son was  declared  for  two  years,  with  large 
fines  for  those  who  violated  the  law. 

The  fact  remains,  however,  that  our 
sharp-tailed  grouse  or  prairie  chicken  are 
just  adapting  themselves  to  the  changed 
conditions  of  the  country  by  moving 
ahead  of  civilization.  W e  must  therefore 
get  some  bird  to  take  his  place,  and  there 
is  no  bird  so  well  adapted  as  the  pinnated 
grouse,  which  experience  in  other  Prov- 
inces and  States  has  proved,  but  the  pro- 
tection and  rigid  laws  where  these  birds 
are  now  found  prohibits  the  sale  or  ex- 
port for  any  purpose  whatever. 

This  puts  a  stop  for  the  present  towards 
the  introduction  of  the  pinnated  grouse 
into  Alberta,  and  caused  those  interested 
in  this  question  to  pursue  their  efforts  in 
another  direction,  finally  deciding  on  the 
Hungarian  partridge. 

The  Hungarian  partridge  is  not  as  large 
as  the  sharp-tailed  grouse,  or  prairie 
chicken,  an  adult  bird  weighing  about  two 
and  a  quarter  pounds,  and  measures  from 
tip  to  tip  of  wings  about  twenty-two 
inches ;  is  very  prolific  ;  lies  well  to  the 
dog ;  is  not  a  runner,  and  when  flushed 
flies  very  rapidly.  They  live  on  the  same 
kind  of  food  as  the  prairie  chicken,  stand 
intense  cold  and  well  adapt  themselves  to 
the  present  changing  conditions  of  Al- 


berta, taking  kindly  to  the  agricultural 
districts,  and  will.be  a  welcome  visitor  to 
the  farmers.  In  its  search  for  food  it 
destroys  large  quantities  of  insect  life 
much  to  the  benefit  of  the  farming  and 
ranching  communities. 

^ThAeng°°d  Ciualities  of  this  bird  caused 
the  Alberta  Fish  and  Game  Protective 
Association  to  introduce  last  spring  fif 
teen  brace  of  these  birds  (Hungarian 
partridge),  at  a  cost  of  about  $9.50  per 
brace,  and  liberated  them  on  April  20th 
1908,  with  most  satisfactory  results 

There  being  an  average  increase  of 
twelve  young  birds  to  the  brace,  again 
this  past  fall  forty  brace  more  were  im- 
ported and  liberated,  and  so  far  as  known 
all  these  birds  (comprising  some  one 
hundred  and  thirty  brace)  are  doing  well 
living  peaceably  with  a  large  bunch  of 
sharp-tailed  grouse,  or  prairie  chicken 
everything  pointing  towards  the  success 
oi  this  experiment,  which  will  be  followed 
up  this  spring  by  a  further  importation. 

Their  prolific  qualities  are  well  demon- 
strated by  those  birds  imported  in  the 
spring  of  1908,  some  covies  showing  up 
in  the  fall  with  fourteen  and  fifteen  birds, 
and  one  covey  of  seventeen  was  counted 
and  seen  a  number  of  times. 

Unlike  the  grouse  family,  the  male  bird 
of  the  Hungarian  partridge  takes  part  in 
the  hatching,  rearing  and  feeding  of  the 
young  birds.  While  the  female  and 
young  are  feeding  he  is  alert  and  on  the 
watch,  m  the  event  of  approaching  dan- 
ger giving  timely  warning. 

When  the  covey  flush  they  scatter  (it 
being  an  unusual  thing  to  kill  two  birds 
with  one  shot)  and  fly  very  rapidly. 

There  are  now  on  order  ninety  brace 
more  of  the  Hungarian  partridge,  which 
will  be  liberated  in  batches  of  five  brace 
at  points  near  High  River,  Pekisko,  Prid- 
dis,  Cochrane,  Red  Deer  Lake  and  Alix. 
There  are  also  thirty-five  hens  and  seven 
cocks  of  the  Hungarian  pheasant,  which 
will  be  liberated  some  miles  west  of  Cal- 
gary. 

These  birds  are  now  protected  till  1911, 
and  we  trust  when  the  time  comes  for  an 
open  season  on  these  birds  a  short  open 
season  and  limited  bag  will  only  be  grant- 
ed for  a  few  years 


Barracouda  Fishing  in  the  West  Indies 


BY   HAROLD   B.  WH1DDEN. 


SOME  time  ago  I  had  the  pleasure  of 
spending  several  months  in  the  West 
India  Islands,  and  being  a  lover  of 
sport,  especially  fishing,  I  resolved  to 
learn  what  kind  of  fish  they  caught  off 
these  islands  and  how  they  caught  them. 
Knowing  that  the  only  real  way  to  learn 
such  things  is  to  do  them,  I  soon  made  ar- 
rangements to  go  fishing  barracoudas  in 
Cardigan  Bay,  at  Barbadoes. 

The  barracouda  is  a  very  large  fish,  and 
bears  a  slight  resemblance  to  our  salmon 
in  appearance.  One  difference  is  that  the 
barracouda,  when  fully  matured,  is  much 
larger  than  the  salmon,  its  weight  being 
seventy-five  pounds,  and  sometimes  more. 
The  flesh  also  of  the  barracouda  is  differ- 
ent from  that  of  the  salmon,  being  whiter 
in  color.  The  teeth  of  the  barracouda  are 
very  large  and  sharp  for  a  fish,  and  closely 
resemble  the  teeth  of  the  civet  cat.  This 
fish  is  very  vicious,  and  numbers  of  in- 
stances are  on  record,  where  a  barracouda 
has  attacked  a  human  being,  while  in  the 
water  bathing  or  fishing,  etc.,  sometimes 
killing  its  victims  and  sometimes  wound- 
ing cruelly,  by  taking  large  bites  out  of 
the  body. 

The  negroes  say  "the  barracouda  is  very 
closely  related  to  the  shark"  ;  and  they  also 
say,  "the  shark  and  barracouda  are  both 
very  closely  related  to  the  devil."  These 
colored  people,  as  well  as  the  whites,  have 
a  great  dread  of  this  fish ;  in  fact,  almost 
as  great  a  dread  as  they  have  for  the 
shark. 

I  was  invited  by  an  acquaintance,  Mr. 
Valdermere  Hanschall,  to  accompany  him 
on  a  short  fishing  excursion  for  barracou- 
das, and  of  course  I  accepted,  being  only 
too  glad  of  an  opportunity  to  see  how 
they  fish  in  the  tropics. 

I  expected  to  see  a  nice  light  fly  rod, 
and  all  kinds  of  up-to-date  gear  for  the 
expedition,  and  I  was  never  so  much  sur- 
prised in  my  life,  as  when  I  saw  Mr. 
Hanschall  place  a  codfish  line  with  cod 
hooks  attached,  into  the  boat.  I  did  not 
pass  any  remark,  but  my  friend  soon  no- 


ticed my  amazement  and  said,  "What  ails 
you  ?  Oh !  I  see.  You  want  to  know 
what  this  'hawser'  is  for?"  pointing  to  the 
line.  "So  I  will  explain  to  you  why  we 
use  such  very  clumsy  gear  for  catching 
these  fish.  When  we  get  out  into  the 
deep  water,  I  will  tie  on  the  line  a  piece 
of  white  canvas,  with  two  slits  cut  into 
it  to  make  it  resemble  a  flying  fish  ;  then 
I  will  throw  the  line  overboard,  and  when 
a  barracouda  sees  this  white  thing  skim- 
ming along  the  top  of  the  water,  he'll 
think  it  is  a  flying  fish  and  will  grab  it. 
The  consequences  will  be  that  we  will 
have  some  very  nice  fish  on  board,  before 
very  long,  and  in  the  meantime  I  promise 
you  some  of  the  very  best  sport  you  ever 
had." 

We  had  our  line  out  about  fifteen  min- 
utes, when  I  saw  a  large  fish  leap  out  of 
the  water,  about  three  feet  in  the  air, 
just  as  a  salmon  does  when  hooked.  Mr. 
Hanschall  then  pulled  and  tugged  at  the 
line,  and  in  about  fifteen  minutes  a  bar- 
racouda, weighing  probably  fifteen 
pounds,  was  in  the  boat.  I  could  not  see 
much  sport  in  this,  as  there  was  a  heavy 
breeze  and  the  sails  pushed  the  boat 
along  at  such  a  rapid  rate  that  when  a 
large  fish  was  hooked  it  was  almost  im- 
possible to  land  him,  as  the  line  would  cut 
right  into  the  hands,  giving  more  pain 
than  pleasure.  Besides,  towing  a  cod 
line  with  a  pieces  of  canvas  attached  does 
not  compare  with  fishing  with  a  nice  sal- 
mon rod ;  and  hooking  a  barracouda  by 
no  means  compares  with  hooking  a  large 
salmon  or  trout  with  a  nice  fly  rod  and 
playing  with  it  in  some  swift  stream  or 
picturesque  lake  until  it  becomes  helpless 
and  easy  to  overcome. 

We  caught  several  barracoudas  that 
day,  and  once  an  extraordinarily  large  one 
was  hooked,  but  before  my  companion 
could  take  in  a  yard  of  the  line,  it  broke 
away,  snapping  the  hook. 

I  could  not  help  thinking  that  -if  some 
kind  of  light  spoon  could  be.  made  which 
resembled  a  small  flying  fish,  a  sportsman 


BARRACOUDA  FISHING  IN  W EST  INDIES 


27 


with  a  salmon  rod,  and  a  heavy  salmon 
line,  with  this  spoon  attached,  would  have 
all  the  sport  he  could  desire,  for  the  bar- 
racoudas  are  plentiful  and  very  gamey. 
Yet  these  people  in  the  West  Indies  think 
it  great  sport  to  fish  them  with  a  heavy 
cod  line  and  a  piece  of  canvas  towed  be- 
hind a  sailboat. 

After  this  I  wanted  to  learn  how  flying 
fish  were  caught.  Accordingly  I  went 
out  in  a  flying-fish  boat,  accompanied  by 
three  negroes,  who  had  charge  of  her. 

The  flying  fish  is  a  peculiar  little  fish, 
varying  in  weight  from  two  to  six  ounces. 
It  is  a  very  fascinating  sight  to  see  a 
school  of  these  fish  dive  from  wave  to 
wave  on  a  sunny  day,  with  their  wings 
glistening  in  the  sun  like  some  large  pre- 
cious stones.  They  generally  fly  from 
twenty  to  one  hundred  feet,  and  if  they 
chance  to  alight  on  anything  dry,  like  the 
deck  of  a  vessel,  etc.,  they  cannot  fly 
again  unless  they  manage  to  wet  their 
wings.  These  fish  are  very  sweet  eating, 
and  taste  much  like  smelt. 

The  boat  in  which  we  went  on  our  ex- 
pedition for  flying  fish  was  about  the  size 
of  our  ordinary  small  sail  yacht,  but  was 
much  deeper  and  had  no  deck.  These 
boats  have  very  large  keels,  and  carry 
only  two  sails,  one  a  large  mainsail  and 
the  other  an  extraordinarily  large  jib. 

A  foreigner  looking  at  one  of  these 
boats  under  full  sail,  in  a  good  stiff  breeze 
of  wind,  with  her  gunwale  touching  the 
water,  would  expect  to  see  her  capsize  at 
any  moment;  yet  no  such  thing  happens, 
as  the  large  keel  and  the  well-placed  bal- 
last control  the  power  of  the  very  large 
sails,  so  that  these  boats  make  very  fast 
progress,  and  very  seldom  meet  with  an 
accident. 

When  we  were  out  about  two  or  three 
miles  from  the  shore,  the  boat  was  an- 
chored, and  one  of  the  black  men  opened 
a  box  from  which  came  a  most  disagree- 
able odor.  They  then  lowered  a  net  re- 
sembling a  very  large  dip  net,  into  the 
water,  and  poured  some  of  this  horrible- 
smelling  substance  over  it.  The  result 
was  like  magic ;  dozens  of  flying  fish 
came  swooping  upon  this  spot  in  a  very 
few  moments,  and  it  was  not  long  before 


we  had  hundreds  of  these  winged  fish  on 
board  the  boat. 

There  was  not  much  pleasure  in  this 
for  me,  but  instead  a  great  deal  that  was 
disagreeable,  as  the  odor  from  the  de- 
cayed fish,  strewn  about  the  net,  was 
enough  to  sicken  even  a  man  without  any 
smelling  powers. 

The  negroes  treated  me  very  kindly, 
and  one  fellow,  who  claimed  that  he  had 
no  other  name  than  "Jumbo,"  was  espe- 
cially attentive,  but  when  we  reached  the 
shore  I  soon  discovered  his  motive,  when 
he  confronted  me  and  said,  "I  s'pose  yoh 
ain't  got  a  few  loose  shillins  about  yoh 
pocket,  sah?" 

"Yes,"  I  replied,  "I  have,  and  if  you 
had  kept  your  mouth  shut,  I  would  have 
given  you  two  shillings ;  but  since  you 
have  become  so  very  anxious,  I  will  just 
give  you  one  shilling  and  I  will  give  your 
mates  two  apiece." 

It  was  a  pitiful  sight  to  see  the  big 
whites  in  that  "coon's"  eyes  as  he  looked 
at  his  shilling  and  then  glanced  longingly 
at  the  ones  his  mates  had.  Before  I  left 
them,  he  looked  at  me  and  simply  said, 
"Yoh  the  debbel,sah." 

There  are  hundreds  of  other  kinds  of 
fish  in  the  West  Indies,  but  the  only  other 
kinds  that  I  caught  were  a  dolphin  and  a 
Spanish  mackerel.  These  I  caught  in  the 
same  manner  as  we  caught  the  barracou- 
das. 

I  concluded  that  it  would  be  hard  to 
find  a  country  equal  to  Canada  for  fish- 
ing. Of  course,  the  people  in  the  West 
Indies  enjoy  fishing  barracoudas  with  a 
cod  line  and  a  piece  of  canvas,  and  some 
of  them  appear  to  enjoy  catching  flying 
fish  in  the  manner  I  have  described,  but 
give  us  Canadians  a  nice  fly  rod,  and  we'll 
get  all  the  sport  we  could  wish  for  catch- 
ing trout  and  salmon,  playing  the  gamey 
"creatures"  from  five  to  seventy  minutes, 
and  then  when  the  stubborn  "beast"  is 
conquered,  feeling  the  pride  of  the  con- 
queror ! 

While  writing  the  above  article  I  en- 
deavored to  bring  out  strongly  the  vi- 
ciousness  of  the  barracouda,  but  uninten- 
tionally omitted  one  very  strong  fact 
which  will  probably  carry  more  weight 
than  any  of  the  other  facts  which  I  have 


28 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


brought  forth,  dealing  with  the  vicious 
nature  of  this  fish.  That  is,  the  great 
dread  that  is  felt  by  boatsmen  and  yachts- 
men for  this  particular  fish.  An  individ- 
ual brought  up  among  the  West  India 
Islands  will  never  put  his  or  her  hands 
over  the  side  of  a  boat  to  let  them  skim 
along  the  surface  of  the  water,  as  is  a 
peculiar  habit  in  other  countries,  espe- 
cially with  children.  The  people  in  the 
West  Indies  have  good  reason  for  not  do- 
ing so,  as  they  are  taught  from  infancy 
to  keep  their  hands  in  a  safe  place.  Many 
cases  are  on  record  where  individuals 
have  had  a  whole  hand  bitten,  or  rather 
snapped,  off  by  a  barracouda,  without 
even  receiving  a  second's  warning,  while 
allowing  their  hands  to  skim  along  the 
surface  of  the  water,  unconscious  all  the 
time  that  a  barracouda  might  mistake  it 
for  a  flying  fish.  The  mistake  is  not  dis- 
covered until  it  is  too  late,  for  this  vora- 
cious fish  snaps  the  hand  off  as  quickly  as 


a  flash,  making  as  neat  an  amputation  as 
the  most  skillful  surgeon  would  do  with 
all  his  up-to-date  instruments. 

The  first  indication  I  received  on  this 
point  was  when,  on  being  conveyed  from 
the  steamer  to  the  wharf  in  St.  Kitts,  I 
put  my  hand  into  the  water  to  test  its  tem- 
perature. One  of  the  negroes  who  was 
manning  the  boat  immediately  yelled  to 
me  in  a  very  excited  tone  of  voice,  "Hey, 
dere,  massah !  You'd  better  tak  dat  dere 
han'  of  yourn  into  dis  boat  dis  minute, 
'cause  de  barracouttas  is  sholv  de  wust 
plague  we  has  about  heah,  as  dey'd  tink 
no  mo'  o'  takin'  off  a  individal's  han'  dan 
dey  would  of  eaten'  a  flyin'  fish.  I  doss'nt 
want  to  be  impet'nant,  but,  sah,  you'd 
best  keep  yoh  han's  in  de  boat." 

'That  one  timely  warning  was  sufficient 
for  me  and  always  after  that  I  took  par- 
ticular pains,  when  boating,  to  keep  my 
hands  out  of  .reach  of  this  skillful  ampu- 
tator. 


APOSTROPHE  TO  A  TROUT. 

J.  BERNARD  CURRIE. 


Ho,  ho  !  my  lusty  trout ! 

At  last  I've  hauled  you  out ! 

Ten  times  across  your  track 

I  cast  my  "Spanish-Black" — 

Ten  times  against  the  wind 

I  threw  my  "Jenny  Lind" — ■ 

Drake,  Moth  and  Midge  did  duty 

To  tempt  my  speckled  beauty, 

But  all,  alas  !  in  vain  ; 

But  time  and  time  again 

You  snubbed  them  with  disdain  — 

Y our  piscatorial  nose 

Scarce  snuffed  them,  as  you  rose, 

Preferring  cleric  bait, 

Electing  to  await 

My  Parson's  gorgeous  gown, 

Which  soon  came  floating  down 


Toward  that  swirling  eddy, 

Where  you  were  making  ready 

To  curve  your  sinuous  back, 

And  rush  to  the  attack ! 

You  rose,  you  seized  him  quick ! — 

That  Parson  did  the  trick ! 

Nay,  gently  now!    Don't  squirm, 

I  hold  you  safe  and  firm. 

Great  snakes !  the  boys  will  stare 

At  you,  my  bonnie  fare  ! 

Nay,  softly  now,  lie  still ! 

My  hook  is  in  your  gill. 

Let's  see, —  you'll  weigh  six  pounds  ! — 

You'll  measure  twenty  .   .   .  Zounds! 

He's  gone!    Oh,  where's  my  gaff? 

Lor',  how  the  boys  will  chaff ! 


Why  I  Didn't  Bring  the  Buck  Home 

RY  ERNEST  J.  McVEIGH. 


HE  scene  of  this  tragedy  is  in  the 
centre  of  our  own  Muskoka,  and  it 
is  a  sad  but  true  tale. 


In  every  hunting  party  there  is 
always  to  be  found  the  lazy  member,  or 
to  put  it  in  a  different  way,  there  is  al- 
ways one  who  has  a  strong  disinclination 
to  indulge  in  excessive  bodily  exercise, 
and  I  will  say  right  here  that  the  party  I 
attach  myself  to  is  sure  not  to  be  odd  in 
this  respect.  On  the  occasion  in  ques- 
tion there  were  two  of  us,  my  friend  Rob'b 
and  myself,  and  I  want  to  prove  that  his 
disinclination  is  stronger  than  mine,  him 
to  the  contrary  notwithstanding. 

We  had  started  out  with  the  ''bunch," 
but  like  birds  of  a  feather,  we  soon  found 
ourselves  flocking  by  ourselves,  and  we 
camped  on  the  west  bank  of  a  small 
creek,  the  remainder  of  the  party  having 
crossed  the  same  and  gone  further  east 
with  the  dogs. 

It  was  a  cold  morning,  and  being  fond 
of  comfort,  like  all  lazy  men,  we  started 
a  little  fire  and  were  doing  very  nicely, 
thank  you,  and  enjoying  a  feast  of  knowl- 
edge and  a  flow  of  soul,  as  only  two  such 
congenial  spirts  can,  when  the  dogs  open- 
ed up  away  east  of  the  creek  and  were 
sure  coming  our  way.  I  suggested  that 
it  might  be  advisable  for  us  to  leave  the 
fire  and  line  the  creek  as  far  as  our  some- 
what limited  number  would  permit  of, 
but  Robb  said  as  he  couldn't  take  that 
poor  little  fire  with  him,  he  would  not 
leave  it  there  all  by  its  lonesome,  but  would 
stay  with  it  and  feed  it  little  dry  sticks 
.lest  perchance  its  young  life  should  go 
out,  and  he  would  have  its  blood  on  his 
already  somewhat  overburdened  consci- 
ence. 

There  were  three  dogs  giving  tongue 
and  they  had  scattered.  One  of  them 
headed  down  the  creek,  and  as  I  expect- 
ed the  deer  would  cross  to  my  side  within 
half  a  mile  of  our  fire,  I  moved  that  way 
in  some  haste.  As  I  went  I  kept  looking 
across  to  the  slope  of  the  hill,  and  pres- 
ently in  an  old  road  opening  I  caught  a 
glimpse  of  a  flying  buck  going  down  the 
stream  as  if  he  wanted  to  get  around  the 


other  end  of  it.  There  was  an  old  road 
on  my  side,  and  I  sprinted  for  all  I  was 
worth,  as  the  peep  I  had  got  was  not 
really  satisfying,  and  I  wanted  another. 

There  was  a  balsam  tree  across  my 
line  of  flight  (and  by  the  way,  there  al- 
ways is  a  balsam  tree  across  an  old 
road),  and  I  tried  to  take  it  flying.  I  did, 
too,  only  I  struck  my  big  toe  on  a  stub 
of  a  broken  branch  and  landed  on  my 
head  instead  of  my  feet ;  my  rifle  went 
on  for  some  fifteen  or  twenty  feet  before 
stopping  to  wait  for  me,  and  when  I  got 
it  gathered  up  and  myself  faced  down 
the  creek  again,  there,  fifty  feet  from  me, 
was  the  buck  coming  up  on  my  road. 

I  was  slightly  surprised  for  a  moment, 
and  it  is  possible  that  the  deer  was  also 
—  anyway  he  turned  and  jumped  for  the 
brush,  and  I  pulled  on  him  as  he  went. 
I  thought  he  "buckled"  to  the  shot,  and 
I  ran  to  where  he  went  in  to  get  a  view 
of  him,  and  located  him  standing  broad- 
side on  not  more  than  fifty  yards  away 
on  the  slope  of  the  rise,  but  with  his 
head  and  shoulders  well  hid.  I  thought 
I  would  just  crack  his  spine,  and  fired  for 
that.  He  fell  towards  me  down  the  slope 
and  I  started  in  to  cut  his  throat.  I  had 
got  half-way  to  where  he  was  and  was  all 
mixed  up  in  a  pile  of  brush  when  the  dog 
came  up  and  gave  a  howl  that  should 
have  scared  a  deer  stiff.  But,  alas !  it 
did  not  have  that  effect  on  my  buck,  for 
as  I  struggled  to  extricate  myself  from 
the  brush  pile  he  jumped  up,  and  I  saw 
his  flag  flop  twice  as  he  went  over  the 
rise.  I  am  not  quite  sure,  but  I  think 
the  next  time  I  saw  him  he  was  hanging 
up  at  the  camp  of  another  party  who  were 
hunting  in  the  direction  he  went. 

I  now  went  back  and  found  Robb  still 
sitting  by  the  fire,  and  he  said,  "Come  on 
and  sit  down  and  finish  that  story." 
Now  what  could  you  do  with  a  man  like 
that?  I  told  him  he  need  not  be  so  al- 
mighty particular  about  a  little  fire,  as 
he  would  likely  find  plenty  of  that  where 
he  was  going,  and  I  said  other  things. 

I  was  not  mv  usual  calm  and  courteous 


30 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


self  just  then,  for  I  had  not  only  lost  a  fine  the  nail  off  my  big  toe,  all  within  a  few 
deer,  but  I  had  scratched  my  hands  and  hundred  yards  of  him,  and  he  never 
face,  nearly  broken  my  head,  and  knocked  moved! 


Shot  Guns  and  their  Loads 

BY  SINGLE  TRIGGER. 


BEING  deeply  interested  in  the  arti- 
cles on  "Shot  Guns  and  Their 
Loads,"  appearing  in  recent  num- 
bers, and  as  one  of  your  contribu- 
tors, Air.  G.  B.  Smith,  expressed  regret 
that  others  had  not  joined  in  the  discus- 
sion, I  will,  if  allowed,  give  the  results  of 
my  own  experiences. 

Mr.  Smith  states:  "I  noticed  that  Mr. 
Conover  highly  favors  two  and  three- 
quarters  and  two  and  five-eighths  shells, 
the  former  of  which  would  be  his  choice 
for  heavy  loads.  Let  me  tell  him  frank- 
ly that  he  can't  reach  a  duck  either  sitting 
or  on  the  wing  with  that  length  of  shell 
and  a  heavy  load  put  into  it,  even  with 
the  high-velocity  load,  three  and  a  half 
drams,  one  ounce."  Now,  I  must  say 
that  this  statement  by  Mr.  Smith  is  very 
misleading  so  far,  that  is,  as  my  experi- 
ence goes. 

For  the  last  eight  seasons  I  have  used  the 
two  and  three-quarter  inch  shell  in  my 
two  12-gauge,  English-built,  choke-bore 
guns,  seven  and  a  quarter  and  seven 
pounds  ten  ounces  weight.  The  charge 
used  is  forty-five  grains  of  a  bulk  smoke- 
less powder,  which  I  have  used  for  the 
past  twenty-five  odd  years  with  satisfac- 
tory results.  A  Field  wad  is  put  next 
the  powder,  then  a  three-eighth  inch  felt 
wad,  and  over  it  a  black  edge,  putting 
about  sixty  pounds  of  pressure  on  the 
powder;  one  and  one-eighth  ounce  shot, 
No.  4,  5  or  6,  chilled,  with  a  thin  card  wad 
over  shot  and  crimped  down  very  firm  — 
at  least  one-quarter  inch  should  be  left 
for  the  turn-down. 

As  I  make  bags  of  sixty  to  eighty  or 
over  a  day  every  season,  of  canvasback. 
red-head,  mallard,  blue-bills  and  teal,  I 
have  ample  opportunities  of  judging  kill- 
ing power,  and  must  say  that  I  want  noth- 
ing better.  In  addition  to  ducks,  I  have 
had  the  good  fortune  to  kill  several  Can- 


ada geese,  a  golden  eagle  and  a  fine  jump- 
ing deer  with  the  No.  5  shot  load. 

My  shooting  is  mostly  done  over  de- 
coys. I  may  say  that  previous  to  getting 
my  twelve-bores,  I  used  ten-bores  by 
such  makers  as  Greener,  Cogswell  &  Har- 
rison, Webley,  and  Parker,  for  over  twen- 
ty years.  My  idea  was  that  nothing 
smaller  would  kill  a  duck  at  any  distance. 

However,  with  the  knowledge  gained 
by  years  of  experience  with  many  kinds 
of  game  and  loads,  I  have  at  last  settled 
on  a  medium-weight  twelve-gauge  gun, 
with  a  properly  loaded  two  and  three- 
quarter  shell  for  ammunition,  as  the  best 
all-round  game  gun. 

I  own  a  fine  Greener  ten-gauge  gun, 
but  have  not  used  it  at  duck  for  years. 
It  is,  however,  a  great  tool  for  geese, 
throwing  heavy  shot  close  and  hard  at 
long  range. 

For  snipe  shooting  a  gun  of  twelve- 
bore,  six  and  a  quarter  to  six  and  a  half 
pounds,  with  two  and  three-quarter  drams 
bulk  smokeless  and  seven-eighths  ounce 
No.  8  shot  make  the  best  combination, 
with  improved  cylinder  right  and  modi- 
fied left  barrel,  and  will  suit  most  people. 

I  never  shoot  more  than  one  and  one- 
eighth  ounce  at  ducks,  and  find  many  of 
my  birds  badly  torn  even  with  that  load. 
I  must  further  confess  that  I  cannot  help 
wondering  as  to  the  breed  of  ducks  Mr. 
Smith  spoke  of  as  requiring  such  an 
amount  of  ammunition  to  reach  either  on 
the  wing  or  water. 

I  should  like  to  tell  Mr.  Smith  that 
guns  and  loads  are  not  everything  in  wild 
fowling.  Choice  of  location,  suitable  de- 
coys, a  good  blind,  clothing  of  neutral 
tint,  and  a  quiet  hunter  all  mean  much  in 
the  way  of  success. 

Above  all,  don't  .twist.  A  twister,  in 
a  blind  is  apt  to  get  a  great  many  long 
shots  that  will  set  him  to  devising  long- 
range  loads. 


The  New  British  Columbia  Canoe  Trip. 


THE  following  is  a  copy  of  a  letter 
forwarded  by  M.  R.  von  Chlum- 
ecky,  of  Briinn,  Austria,  to  Mr. 
L.  O.  Armstrong,  Colonization  and 
Tourist  Agent  of  the  Canadian  Pacific 
Railway,  Montreal.  The  description  of 
the  Austrian  gentlemen's  experiences 
over  the  new  Kootenay-Columbia  canoe 
trip  in  British  Columbia,  cannot  fail  to 
interest  many  of  our  readers,  and  justi- 
fies our  quotation  in  full : 
"Dear  Sir: — 

"In  compliance  with  your  wish,  I  am 
very  pleased  to  give  you  a  brief  account 
of  the  Kootenay-Columbia  canoe  trip, 
which  I  made  on  your  proposal,  outfitted 
by  M.  Dainard,  in  Golden. 

"My  brother  and  I  started  on  August 
1st  from  Leanchoil,  on  the  C.  P.  R.  main 
line,  in  an  excellent  twenty-foot  canoe, 
accompanied  by  two  men,  experienced 
canoeists,  whose  aptness  for  the  difficult 
work  and  whose  general  behavior  was  in- 
deed praiseworthy.  The  trip  took  twenty 
days,,  of  which  only  two  were  rest  days. 
The  ascent  of  the  Beaverfoot  river  took 
us  four  days,  the  slow  progress  being  due 
to  the  great  number  of  portages  across 
.jams  of  driftwood  and  partly  to  the  swift 
current  of  the  river.  Trails  had  been  cut 
at  the  portages,  but  except  on  the  first 
and  second  day  we  had  to  find  our  own 
way  through  the  thick  brush  along  the 
river,  during  the  time  the  men  were  lining 
up  the  canoe. 

"Having  reached  the  divide  between 
the  Beaverfoot  and  Kootenay  we  had  to 
portage  our  things  across  meadows  and 
swamps  for  about  two  miles,  as  the  water 
seems  to  flood  these  places  only  in  spring. 
Two  small  lakes  helped  us  along  a  little, 
then  we  found  a  narrow  channel  through 
which  the  canoe  could  be  pushed  and 
dropped  until  we  reached  a  connective 
series  of  beaver  dams  between  which  the 
water  is  kept  at  a  high  level.  On  the 
seventh  day  we  reached  the  Kootenay 
proper.  The  river  winds  through  the 
valley  in  innumerable  bends,  and  is  very 
much  obstructed  by  driftwood,  the  maxi- 
mum of  portages  being  twelve  in  a  day, 


in  a  part  where  the  forest  has  been  de- 
stroyed by  fire.  Owing  to  the  absence 
of  a  trail  we  had  considerable  difficulty  to 
find  our  way  through  the  burned  timber, 
the  river  at  the  same  place  being  too  low 
to  allow  the  full  weight  in  the  canoe.  We 
reached  the  Vermillion  river  on  the  morn- 
ing of  the  13th,  and  from  this  point  made 
good  progress,  the  Kootenay  being  large 
and  swift  enough  to  allow  good  canoeing 
without  portages.  There  is  a  series  of 
rapids  to  shoot  and  sometimes  we  had  to 
walk  around  the  dangerous  places.  Canal 
Flats  was  safely  reached  on  the  16th,  and 
we  paddled  through  the  lakes  and  the 
slowly  flowing  Columbia  to  Golden, 
where  we  arrived  on  the  evening  of  the 
20th. 

"The  hardships  we  experienced  on  our 
trip  were  much  overweighed  by  the  splen- 
did scenery  through  which  we  passed, 
and  the  pleasure  of  getting  through  dis- 
tricts of  absolutely  untouched  nature. 
Besides,  we  were  favored  by  good  weath- 
er throughout  and  had  but  little  trouble 
from  mosquitoes,  the  nights  being  cool; 
sometimes  the  temperature  sank  to  the 
freezing  point  before  sunrise. 

"There  are  many  interesting  features 
for  the  lover  of  nature  along  these  rivers. 
The  swamps  and  meadows  on  the  divide 
have  a  peculiar  charm  of  peacefulness 
and  overpowering  quietness — a  contrast 
to  the  noise  of  the  rushing  water  of  the 
Beaverfoot.  Side  trips  can  be  made  to 
the  little  lakes  hidden  away  behind  the 
low  ridges.  The  high  hanks  and  canyons 
of  the  Kootenay  show  interesting  forma- 
tions of  sandstone  and  slate  and  hoo- 
dooes can  be  seen  in  some  places.  The 
scenery  is  quite  different  along  the  Co- 
lumbia and  offers  many  fine  views.  The 
Farmont  Hot  Springs  are  within  a  few 
minutes  walk  of  the  Upper  Lake,  their 
terraces  of  lime  deposit  are  well  worth 
a  visit,  other  hot  springs  are  on  Sinclair 
Creek. 

"The  country  around  the  head  of  the 
Beaverfooot  and  Koootoenay  simply  a- 
bounds  in  deer  and  moose  ;  we  saw  also 
many  tracks  of  bear,  sheep  and  goat  are 


32 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


plentiful  on  the  mountains  bordering  the 
Kootenay  Valley.  The  wonderful  work  of 
beaver  can  be  closely  examined  at  many 
places  on  the  way.  Fish  hawks  and  eag- 
les may  be  easily  trapped  along  the  Co- 
lumbia. Last  but  not  least,  there  is  prac- 
tically unlimited  opportunity  for  trout 
fishing  in  the  upper  Kootenay,  as  well 
as  in  the  Columbia  Lakes  and  the  river, 
which  also  abound  in  wild  ducks  and 
geese. 

"Up  to  now  there  is  not  much  of  ca- 
noeing to  be  had  on  the  Beaverfoot  and 
Kootenay,  this  part  of  the  tour  is  rather 
a  rough  overland  trip  with  the  advantage 
of  having  the  baggage  in  the  canoe  and 
the  possibility  of  getting  a  ride  now  and 
then,  about  three  days  in  all.  It  is  there- 
fore much  hoped  that  these  rivers  may 
be  cleared  of  all  the  drift  wood  and  a 
trail  cut,  so  as  to  allow  easy  walking 
where  canoeing  is  not  practicable.  This 
would  mean  everything  in  the  way  of  get- 
ting the  average  tourist  to  make  the  trip, 
which  then  would  probably  not  consume 
more  than  twelve  days.  The  C.  P.  R. 
Hotel  at  Field  is  a  very  convenient 
starting  point,  this  place  being  only  a 
forty  minutes  ride  from  Leanchoil.  I  do 
not  think  it  is  possible  anywhere  to  see 
so  much  of  a  wonderful  country  with  so 
many  various  and  interesting  features, 
canoeing  in  the  midst  of  high  mountains 
— and  to  return  within  twenty  miles  of 


the  starting  point_  after  two  hundred  and 
twenty  miles  of  down  stream  navigation. 

"I  was  much  astonished  to  hear  that 
Moose  is  entirely  protected  in  these 
parts.  There  is  such  a  lot  of  them  in  the 
valley  that  shooting  a  few  head  would  do 
no  harm. 

"Talking  of  shooting,  I  would  like  to 
draw  your  attention  to  the  truly  extor- 
tionate license  fee  of  $100  for  non-resi- 
dents This  is  surely  the  highest  license 
fee  in  the  world  and  it  does  more  in  the 
way  of  keeping  out  the  sportsmen  than 
anything  else.  It  seems  as  if  B.  C.  want- 
ed to  keep  its  richness  in  game  for  it- 
self and  prevent  the  foreign  sportsman 
from  getting  a  share  of  it.  A  reasonable  fee 
would  not  only  yield  a  good  income  to  the 
treasury,  but  also  increase  the  influx  of 
tourists  and  hunters.  Guides  and  out- 
fitters are  really  interested  in  preventing 
slaughtering  of  game  and  could  be  the 
most  efficient  game  wardens. 

"I  shall  be  glad  to  give  you  further  in- 
formation if  so  desired,  and  thank  you  for 
having  drawn  my  attention  to  that  won- 
derful trip.  I  am  sorry  to  be  unable  to 
send  you  photos,  as  requested,  but  have 
no  prints  on  hand  now.  I  am  starting  to- 
morrow for  a  two  week's  hunting  trip  on 
the  Kootenay,  the  richness  of  which  in 
o^ame  of  all  sorts  I  could  ascertain  my- 
self." 


Wolves  and  Big  Game. 

The  Need  for  Action. 

BY  CAPT.  E.  C.  TRIPr. 


IT  IS  generally  believed,  and  perhaps 
rightly,  that  wolves  do  not  molest 
the  moose  ;  but  after  spending  eleven 
years  in  one  of  the  finest  moose  ranges 
in  Canada  and  making  a  careful  study  of 
both  animals,  I  am  at  last  compelled  to 
accept  the  evidence  as  proof  that  wolves 
do  sometimes  attack  even  bull  moose. 

The  first  evidence  that  came  to  my  no- 
tice was  in  the  middle  of  October  four 
years  ago,  when  an  Indian,  Joe  Spawn, 


came  to  my  fox  farm,  situated  on  Clear 
Water  Lake,  and  said,  "I  kill-it  big  moose 
today.  Moose  sick — kay  gaw  nepo  (near- 
ly dead).    Guess  wolves  try  eat  urn." 

Questioning  him  further,  I  learned  that 
while  hunting,  he  had  come  across  a  big 
moose  standing  in  the  brush.  He  could 
not  see  it  plainly,  but  noticed  that  its  head 
was  hanging  very  low,  and  being  well 
within  range,  he  shot  the  mooSe,  which 
dropped  without  a  struggle.     Going  up 


WOLVES  AND  BIG  GAME 


33 


to  it  he  found  it  to  be  unfit  for  even  wig- 
wam meat.  I  knew  Joe  to  be  truthful 
(an  unusual  quality  in  an  Indian),  so  I 
got  him  to  take  me  a  few  miles  by  canoe 
to  the  place,  and  there,  sure  enough,  lay 
what  a  few  days  before  had  been  one  of 
the  kings  of  the  forest  —  a  large  moose 
with  antlers  of  fifty-one  inch  spread  and 
twenty-seven  points.  But  the  body  was 
simply  hide  and  bones  and  was  literally 
torn  to  ribbons.  The  lower  part  of  each 
shoulder  down  to  the  knee  was  one  mass 
of  long  gashes,  most  of  which  were  bone- 
deep.  The  hind  parts  were  torn  and 
slashed  terribly  and  there  was  every  evi- 
dence that  the  wolves  had  tried  hard  to 
hamstring  him.  The  wounds,  I  judged, 
were  about  ten  days  old,  and  on  looking 
at  the  head,  I  found  much  blood  and  some 
wolf-hair  still  sticking  to  the  horns.  I 
could  not  help  wishing  I  had  seen  that 
battle,  for  a  battle  royal  it  must  have 
been.  Thinking  we  might  be  able  to 
find  the  place  where  he  had  made  his 
stand,  the  Indian  and  myself  took  his 
back  track ;  but  we  found  before  going 
very  far  that  he  had  been  in  the  vicinity 
of  where  he  was  shot  for  four  or  five  days, 
and  there  were  so  many  moose  tracks  that 
it  was  impossible  to  follow  his  trail.  But 
I'll  wager  that  bull  saved  the  government 
a  few  dollars  in  wolf  bounty. 

This  is  the  only  instance  that  I  know  of 
in  which  the  wolves  have  tackled  a  bull 
moose,  but  since  that  time  I  have  twice 
found  the  place  where  they  had  killed  and 
eaten  (except,  hide  and  hoofs)  calf  moose. 
How  they  managed  to  separate  the  calves 
from  the  cow,  I  have  no  means  of  finding 
out :  but  it  is  certain  that  they  must  re- 
sort to  strategy,  as  I  have  personal  knowl- 
edge that  a  cow  moose  will  fight  to  a  fin- 
ish for  her  calf. 

Two  years  ago  I  found  more  evidence 
of  the  wolf's  work  when  another  man  and 
myself  scared  a  bear  away  from  a  partly 
eaten  yearling  moose.  The  snow  had 
just  left  the  ground,  but  there  was  all  the 
evidence  needed  to  identify  the  work  of 
the  wolf. 

I  believe,  however,  that  the  wolf  at- 
tacks the  moose  but  rarely,  although  the 
caribou  is  easy  game  for  it.  During  the 
last  seven  years  I  have  found  eight  car- 


casses of  caribou  killed  by  wolves,  nearly 
all  on  the  ice,  and  in  almost  all  cases,  I 
could,  by  following  the  back  track,  find 
where  they  had  separated  one  from  a  herd 
and  forced  it  out  on  the  ice  when  they 
would  close  in  on  it  from  both  sides  and 
the  rear.  Two  of  these  eight  caribou 
were  good-sized  bulls  with  not  a  bite  eat- 
en from  the  carcass.  Contrary  to  Mr. 
Long's  writings  on  the  subject,  I  found, 
in  these  cases,  that  there  was  no  part  of 
the  body  touched.  The  caribou  had  been 
hamstrung  and  badly  mangled  at  the  back 
of  the  neck  immediately  behind  the  ears, 
and  in  every  case  bore  teeth  marks  on  the 
nose. 

To  return  to  the  wolf  and  the  moose. 
A  few  days  ago  I  was  talking  to  a  timber 
cruiser  and  all-round  woodsman  who  told 
me  that  just  across  the  border  in  Minne- 
sota he  had  come  last  fall  across  a  place 
where  a  big  moose  had  backed  up  to  an 
upturned  root  and  faced,  as  nearly  as  he 
could  tell,  seven  or  eight  big  timber 
wolves.  From  the  look  of  the  snow  and 
the  blood  around,  there  must  have  been 
a  lively  time.  The  trail  also,  where  the 
wolves  went  off,  showed  blood  signs,  and 
one  of  their  number  had  been  left  behind 
—  a  big  male  wolf  with  but  one  mark  —  a 
broken  back.  One  sledge-hammer  stroke 
from  a  powerful  front  hoof  had  killed  him, 
for  he  lay  dead  right  in  the  arena.  There 
was  no  sure  way  of  knowing  whether  this 
had  been  a  bull  or  a  cow  moose,  but  I  be- 
lieve the  cow  moose  will  put  up  almost  as 
fierce  a  fight  as  the  bull.  I  have  been  in 
a  pretty  close  mix-up  with  both,  and  both 
used  only  their  fore  feet.  They  are'great 
boxers,  and,  needless  to  say,  anything 
they  hit  once  goes  down. 

I  have  never  seen  a  bull  moose  lower 
his  head  even  if  worried  and  wounded  by 
dogs ;  but  when  two  bull  moose  fight,  it 
is  all  antlers.  I  have  watched  for  half  an 
hour  two  big  well-matched  bulls  do  bat- 
tle, and  a  grand  sight  it  is.  In  one  case 
the  vanquished  bull  came  back  a  third 
time,  and  each  time  was  compelled  to  give 
ground  gradually,  beaten  back  by  the  ter- 
rible charges  of  the  other  moose.  Finally 
he  walked  slowlv  off  with  head  hanging 
low  and  tongue  lolling  from  the  side  of 
his  mouth,  while  the  cow,  the  cause  of 


34 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


all  the  trouble,  came  up  and  rubbed  noses 
with  the  victor. 

I  might  say  in  conclusion  that  moose 
and  deer  are  on  the  increase  in  the  section 
of  Ontario  around  Port  Arthur,  but  the 
caribou  are  gradually  leaving  and  going 
farther  north.  The  wolf  is  also  on  the 
increase,  and  something  should  be  done 
to  exterminate  or  at  least  thin  out  the 
wolves  that  are  a  curse  and  a  menace  to 
one  of  the  grandest  assets  of  Western 
Ontario  —  the    big    game.  Strenuous 


measures  should  be  taken  to  get  an  in- 
crease on  the  wolf  bounty.  Twenty-five 
dollars  per  wolf  would  make  it  worth 
while  for  the  hunter  and  the  trapper  to 
hunt  the  wolf.  It  is  a  well-known  fact 
that  fully  one-half  of  the  wolves  killed 
by  poison  are  never  found,  so  that,  prac- 
tically speaking,  bounty  is  paid  on  only 
half  the  wolves  destroyed.  The  present 
bounty  of  fifteen  dollars  and  the  long- 
drawn-out  and  complicated  method  of  ob- 
taining it  after  it  is  earned,  is  very  poor 
inducement  to  the  hunter. 


A  New  Brunswick  Moose  Hunt. 

BY  J.  D.  TOMPKINS. 


I HAD  through  the  summer  decided  to 
go  to  Mirimichi,  Tobique,  or  some  such 
hunting  ground,  and  emulate  the  do- 
ings of  the  sportsmen  I  read  about  in 
Rod  and  Gun. 

On  the  13th  of  September  my  brother 
wrote  me  from  St.  John,  N.  B.,  that  he 
had  gotten  a  couple  of  weeks'  holidays 
from  the  Bank  of  New  Brunswick,  where 
he  is  employed.  The  same  day  I  wrote 
to  him  to  come  up  to  Woodstock,  Carle- 
ton  county,  where  I  hang  out,  and  also 
to  Joseph  Lee,  guide,  at  Beaufort,  Miri- 
michi, to  be  ready  for  us  on  the  fifteenth. 
To  make  matters  short,  we  arrived  at 
Beaufort  at  the  time  named,  taking  the 
C.  P.  R:  to  Bristol,  and  driving  from  there 
through  Glassville  and  Foreston  to  our 
destination. 

My  brother  took  a  brand-new  .405  Win- 
chester, model  '95,  in  the  woods  with  him, 
while  I  was  satisfied  with  a  38-40  Win- 
chester, the  best  little  gun  in  commission. 
We  also  took  a  .22  Stevens-Krag  for  the 
birds,  of  which  on  the  road  out  we  got 
eight. 

When  we  reached  Lee's  our  appetites 
for  hunting  were  sharpened  by  the  sight 
of  a  ten-point  buck  hanging  up  in  the 
yard,  and  two  men  proceeding  to  dress  it. 
It  had  been  shot  about  an  hour  and  a  half 
before,  three  miles  away  on  little  Tag 
brook. 

We  were  given  a  room,  and  after  we 


had  taken  a  much-needed  wash  we  went 
down  to  supper.  During  the  meal,  which 
consisted  of  deer  meat,  fried  potatoes, 
pancakes,  cream-of-tartar  biscuits,  mince 
pie,  hen's  eggs,  and  blueberry  cake,  Joe 
told  us  that  we  would  start  in  the  morn- 
ing for  the  dead-waters  on  Tag  brook, 
which  is  a  tributary  of  the  north  branch 
of  the  Mirimichi.  So  after  a  few  games 
of  checkers  and  a  drink  —  of  water  —  we 
departed  for  bed.  Wonderful  to  relate, 
we  went  to  sleep  almost  immediately  and 
had  a  good  night's  rest. 

Next  morning  at  6  o'clock  we  were 
called  by  Joe,  and  on  going  down  we 
found  breakfast  ready.  We  were  too  ex- 
cited to  eat  much,  however,  so  we  snatch- 
ed a  hasty  bite.  Buckling  on  our  cart- 
ridge belts  and  shouldering  our  rifles  and 
overcoats,  we  were  off,  Joe  packing  the 
grub  in  a  seamless  bag  on  his  back.  We 
reached  the  lower  or  little  dead-water  at 
8  o'clock,  and  we  waited  till  11,  when  we 
went  back  on  the  ridge  to  have  our  din- 
ner. After  dinner  we  returned  and  called. 
Nothing  answered,  and  so  off  we  started 
for  the  large  dead-water,  getting  there 
about  3  p.  m.  On  the  road  I  think  I  saw 
more  partridge  than  I  ever  saw  at  once  to- 
gether, but  Joe  would  not  let  us  shoot 
them,  as  there  might  be  moose  in  the  vi- 
cinity. 

The  wisdom  of  his  reasoning  was  soon 
to  be  proven,  for  as  we  came  out  on  the 


A  NEW  BRUNSWICK  MOOSE  HUNT 


35 


large  dead-water  we  noticed  that  the 
water  was  very  muddy.  The  stream  at 
this  point  forms  a  V.  Going  cautiously 
so  as  not  to  disturb  any  game  that  might 
be  in  the  immediate  vicinity,  we  rounded 
the  bend,  and  there,  facing  away  from 
us,  were  two  moose.  Joe  told  us  that 
they  were  cows,  which  rather  dampened 
our  ardor.  He  further  informed  us  that 
we  would  remain  there  for  a  time,  as 
there  might  be  a  bull  in  the  vicinity.  He 
was  right.  After  fifteen  or  twenty  min- 
utes' waiting  we  heard  a  noise  on  the 
road  we  had  just  left,  and  immediately  a 
large  bull  issued  forth  as  saucy  as  pos- 
sible. Both  my  brother  and  I  cut  loose 
at  it,  he  firing  four  times  and  I  three. 
All  the  shots,  however,  seemed  to  have 
no  effect  upon  him,  as  he  ran  into  the 
woods  whence  he  had  come.  We  were 
just  making  for  the  place  when  he  reap- 
peared. This  time  we  downed  him,  and 
running  up  I  dispatched  him  with  a  bul- 
let through  the  heart. 


My  brother  then  took  his  tapeline  from 
his  pocket  and  measured  the  spread, 
which  was  forty-four  and  one-quarter 
inches,  and  had  eleven  points. 

To  boil  things  down,  we  stayed  there 
all  night  and  the  next  morning  started 
back,  Joe  carrying  the  head.  After  a 
couple  of  days'  hunting  partridge  we  went 
in  on  the  mail  team  with  our  moose 
head  and  one  dozen  and  a  half  of  birds. 

The  head  was  mounted  by  Emack 
Brothers,  Fredericton,  and  was  a  first- 
class  job.  It  now  adorns  the  hallway 
of  my  brother's  house  in  St.  John. 

I  neglected  to  say  that  of  nine  cart- 
ridges shot  at  the  moose,  four  hit,  namely, 
two  .405  bullets,  one  of  which  paunched 
him,  the  other  breaking  the  backbone ; 
and  two  38-40  bullets,  one  piercing  the 
brisket,  and  the  other  penetrating  the 
heart,  at  five  paces.  We  were  a  little 
wild,  it  being  our  first  moose,  but  we  got 
it  just  the  same. 


BABY  MOOSE  CAUGHT  ALONG  MONTREAL  RIVER. 

R.  Anson  Cartwright  of  Cobalt  and  W.  LeHeup,  with  the  two  little  fellows 
captured  while  feeding  along  the  river  banks. 


Dogs  as  Companions  at  Home  and  Afield 


BY  R.  CLAPHAM. 


THERE  are  many  people  fond  of 
sport  with  dog  and  gun,  who  can- 
not afford  to  keep  a  large  kennel 
of  bird-dogs  or  hounds,  and  it  is 
to  this  class  of  sportsmen  that  I  offer  a 
few  ideas  anent  various  breeds  which  are 
both  useful  in  the  field  as  well  as  boon 
companions  around  the  home.  A  man 
who  is  fond  of  sport  naturally  wishes  his 
canine  friend  to  be  of  some  practical  as- 
sistance to  him  when  out  with  the  gun, 
and  if  the  dog  is  also  companionable  and 
useful  around  the  home,  so  much  the  bet- 
ter. 

There  are  several  breeds  of  dog  which 
fulfill  the  above  requirements,  and  it  may 
be  of  some  interest  to  my  readers  if  we 
glance  over  them. 

When  I  speak  of  a  dog  as  being  com- 
panionable around  the  home,  I  refer  to 
such  animals  as  may  be  allowed  to  have 
free  access  to  the  house,  without  making 
themselves  too  much  of  an  obstruction 
or  otherwise  annoying-  the  inmates.  Set- 
ters and  pointers,  as  well  as  foxhounds 
and  other  large  sporting  dogs  hardly 
come  within  this  category,  for  they  are  a 
little  too  unwieldy  and  cumbersome  to 
make  the  best  of  house  companions. 

The  general  purpose  dog  that  follows 
you  in  town,  rides  in  your  rig  or  automo- 
bile, guards  the  house,  plays  with  the 
children,  and  hunts  for  you  when  out 
with  gun  or  rifle,  is  not  by  any  means 
easy  to  find;  yet  there  are  some  breeds 
which  will  do  all .  these  things  for  you, 
and  will  provide  you  with  endless  amuse- 
ment when  you  are  not  actually  out  ior 
sport.  Such  a  dog  ought  not  to  be  too 
big,  nor  yet  of  clumsy  build,  and  it  is  just 
as  well  if  he  does  not  possess  a  coat  of 
too  great  thickness  or  length,  although 
these  latter  points  are  really  not  of  very 
great  importance. 

A  short,  or  wire-haired,  dog  is  less  apt 
to  collect  burrs  and  other  nuisances  in 
his  body  covering,  and  is  also  cleaner 
around  the  house  when  the  weather  is 


wet  and  mud  is  easily  gathered  and  car- 
ried about  on  long  hair. 

The  one-dog  man,  however,  will  usu- 
ally choose  a  canine  companion  more  for 
its  sporting  proclivities  than  from  his 
wife's  ideas  of  what  a  clean  house-dog 
should  be ;  so  we  will  omit  all  argument 
in  which  the  fair  sex  could  possibly  take 
a  hand,  and  instead  take  a  walk  through 
the  kennel  and  look  over  one  or  two  of 
the  breeds  which  are  likely  to  be  of  the 
most  service  to  us. 

There  are  some  spaniels  in  the  yard 
and  on  the  benches,  so  we  will  review  a 
few  of  their  good  points  in  the  matter  of 
usefulness  as  sporting  assistants,  as  well 
as  household  companions.  There  are 
Clumber,  Cocker,  Field,  Sussex  and  Nor- 
folk Spaniels,  but  in  our  case  we  may 
eliminate  the  Clumber  as  being  too  heavy 
and  cumbersome,  and  the  Sussex  and 
Norfolks,  owing  to  the  fact  that  they  are 
practically  unknown  on  this  side  of  the 
Atlantic.  This  leaves  us  with  the  Cocker 
and  Field  Spaniels,  a  review  of  one  being 
practically  sufficient  for  both,  as  they  are 
much  alike  in  characteristics,  barring  the 
matter  of  size. 

Like  a  good  many  other  breeds  which 
we  could  mention,  the  Cocker  Spaniel  of 
the  genuine  working  type  has  been,  in 
most  instances,  utterly  transformed,  ow- 
ing to  the  machinations  of  the  show-ring 
enthusiasts.  There  are  toy  Cockers  as 
well  as  toys  of  other  breeds,  but  they  ap- 
peal more  to  the  ladies  as  pets,  pure  and 
simple,  rather  than  to  those  who  wish 
to  possess  a  dog  of  sporting  instinct,  in 
which  that  instinct  is  still  as  strong  as 
ever. 

The  genuine  working  Cocker  can  be 
used  for  every  sport  in  which  the  shot- 
gun takes  a  part,  and  as  a  house  compan- 
ion he  is,  owing  to  his  cleanliness  and 
docile  disposition, .very  hard  to  beat..  He 
can  be  trained  to  perfection  for  both  field 
and  home,  and  in  his  field"  work  he  is  al- 
ways bright,  cheerful  and  untiring. 


DOGS  AS  COMPANIONS  AT  HOME  AND  AFIELD 


37 


For  grouse  shooting,  in  the  woods ; 
duck,  snipe  or  woodcock,  this  little  Span- 
iel is  perfection,  while  for  rabbit  shooting 
in  thick  brush  he  can  make  himself  quite 
as  useful  as  the  average  beagle,  and  when 
opportunity  offers  he  will  stick  to  a  fox- 
trail  in  a  truly  workmanlike  manner. 

In  the  woods  of  Northern  Ontario,  a 
genuine  working  Spaniel  of  this  type  is 
a  most  desirable  companion.  He  takes 
up  but  little  room  in  a  boat,  and  when 
wounded  ducks  are  scuttling  for  the  shel- 
ter of  the  rushes,  he  will  flop  overboard 
and  retrieve  the  quarry  in  short  order. 

When  hunting  wood  hares  or  cotton- 
tails he  is  lively  and  persevering,  and  no 
brush  or  undergrowth  is  too  thick  for 
him  to  penetrate. 

It  is  when  out  after  ruffed  grouse, 
however,  that  he  proves  his  worth,  and 
it  is  truly  marvellous,  the  cleverness  one 
of  these  dogs  will  show  in  his  tactics, 
when  grouse  are  getting  up  in  the  tall 
timber  Some  years  ago  I  regularly  used 
two  Spaniels  for  this  kind  of  shooting, 
and  the  older  of  the  two  dogs  was  almost 
human  in  his  methods. 

No  matter  how  far  the  birds  flew  he 
would  eventually  "tree"  them,  and  when 
once  up,  he  would  stay  right  there  with 
them  until  I  appeared  with  the  gun. 
When  .  I  happened  to  get  in  too  close,  in 
his  opinion,  to  birds  which  were  "treed," 
and  which  I  could  not  see,  he  would  rush 
at  me  and  paw  me  back,  as  much  as  to 
say,  "Look  out,  now;  they'll  fly  if  you 
come  any  nearer." 

No  day  was  too  hard,  and  no  weather 
too  hot  to  stop  this  dog  in  his  work,  and 
many  a  dozen  brace  of  grouse  I  shot  over 
him,  when  birds  were  rather  more  plenti- 
ful than  they  are  at  present. 

In  the  house  he  was  clean,  quiet  and 
obedient,  and  as  an  all-round  companion, 
for  sport  or  play,he  was  worth  his  weight 
in  gold. 

This  dog  was  handsome  in  appearance, 
besides  being  a  thoroughly  competent 
worker,  very  different  to  the  dogs  we  see 
at  the  bench  shows,  with  their  delicate 
constitutions  and  poor  stamina  and  work- 
ing powers.  I  frequently  run  across  peo- 
ple taking  their  Cockers  out  for  an  air- 
ing, and  I  cannot  help  smiling  when  I 


see  the  show  pets  bundled  out  of  a  rig, 
in  order  to  let  them  take  a  gentle  run 
around.  They  always  give  me  the  idea 
that  their  owners  are  unwilling  to  let 
them  get  their  feet  wet,  and  when  one 
has  shot  over  the  genuine  article,  these 
little  black  molly-coddles  are  rather  an 
amusing  sight. 

It  is  a  great  pity  that  more  people  do 
not  take  an  interest  in  working  Spaniels, 
than  is  at  present  the  case,  for  they  are 
most  useful  helpers  in  the  field.  The 
average  man  in  this  Province,  who  is 
fond  of  shooting,  will,  as  a  rule,  barely 
glance  at  a  Cocker  if  he  can  get  some 
other  breed,  and  one  can  hardly  blame  him 
in  these  modern  days,  if  he  has  once  or 
twice  been  taken  in  by  some  miserable 
show-ring  specimen,  palmed  off  on  him 
as  a  worker. 

Cockers  are  bred  in  plenty  in  my  own 
particular  district,  but  if  I  wanted  to  put 
my  hand  on  a  genuine  old-time  worker 
I  should,  to  use  a  rather  crude  expression, 
have  a  "devil  of  a  job." 

There  is  one  other  Spaniel  which  I 
omitted  from  the  list,  i.  e.,  the  Irish  Water 
Spaniel,  and  here  again  we  have  a  dog 
which  combines  admirably  the  requisite 
qualities  of  field  work  and  home  compan- 
ionship. This  breed  is  hardly  so  well 
known  or  so  popular  as  some  others,  but 
to  the  man  who  loves  the  sport  of  duck 
shooting,  the  Irishman  will  appeal  most 
strongly. 

This  dog  will  retrieve  on  land  or  in 
water,  no  matter  how  cold  the  latter  may 
be,  and  his  intelligence  is  of  a  remarkably 
high  order.  He  is  not  what  we  should 
exactly  describe  as  a  beauty,  but  "hand- 
some is  as  handsome  does,"  and  this 
Spaniel  easily  takes  first  place  when  it 
comes  to  retrieving  ducks  from  the  surf  or 
the  icy  waters  of  river  or  lake. 

The  true  sporting  Spaniel  is  quite  dis- 
tinct from  the  miserable  exhibits  we  see 
at  the  shows.  He  should  be  considerably 
higher  in  the  leg  than  the  latter  animals, 
and  he  should,  as  a  rule,  carry  a  little 
more  weight,  to  make  him  of  the  most 
use  when  working  in  thick,  dense  covert, 
where  the  ground  is  rough  and  hilly. 

To  the  one-dog  man  I  say,  "Try  a 
Spaniel,"  and  I  don't  think  you  will  have 


38 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


cause  to  regret  it,  if  you  choose  a  right 
stamp  of  dog  when  you  buy. 

Such  a  dog  will  ride  in  your  rig,  hunt 
anything  for  you,  guard  the  house,  play 
with  the  children  and  be  an  endless  source 
of  pleasure  to  the  household,  and  besides 
being  clean  and  docile,  he  will  cost  you 
practically  nothing  to  keep,  the  scraps 
from  the  table,  varied  by  an  occasional 
change  of  diet,  sufficing  to  sustain  him  in 
the  best  of  condition,  if  you  see  to  it  that 
he  gets  as  much  exercise  as  possible. 

Turning  from  the  Spaniels,  we  come  to 
another  breed,  i.  e.,  the  Terriers,  which 
are  also  boon  companions  at  home  or 
afield. 

I  will  head  the  Terrier  list  with  the 
Airedale,  a  breed  which  has  during  the 
past  few  years,  come  into  much  promi- 
nence in  the  States  and  Canada  A  dog 
of  this  breed  has  the  necessary  qualifica- 
tions to  fit  him  for  both  house  and  field, 
and  besides  being  of  docile  disposition 
towards  his  friends,  he  is  at  the  same  time 
a  most  determined  and  savage  fighter  in 
defence  of  hearth  and  home,  or  in  pursuit 
of  large  and  dangerous  game,  thus  en- 
dearing himself  in  the  hearts  of  the  aver- 
age sportsmen,  who  like  a  dog  with  cour- 
age and  determination. 

The  Airedale  is  clean  around  the  house, 
takes  up  no  unnecessary  room,  and  be- 
comes the  devoted  slave  of  his  master  or 
mistress  and  kindly  towards  their  chil- 
dren or  their  personal  friends.  He  is  a 
one-man  dog,  never  fraternizing  easily 
with  strangers,  yet  not  quarrelsome  ^  un- 
less a  fight  is  forced  upon  him. 

In  the  field  his  accomplishments  are  le- 
gion. He  is  equally  at  home  hunting 
chicken  on  the  prairies  ,  or  retrieving 
grouse  and  ducks,  and  in  the  pursuit  of 
mountain  lion,  lynx,  bobcat,  bears,  and 
other  carnivorse  or  vermin,  he  is  a  deter- 
mined trainer  and  a  desperate  "scrappe-r" 
when  the  quarry  is  finally  brought  to  bay. 

If  I  am  not  mistaken,  the  first  Airedale 
brought  to  America  arrived  from  England 
in  the  year  1881,  but  from  that  time  until 
1897,  no  dogs  of  this  breed  were  seen  on 
this  side  the  Atlantic.  During  the  latter 
year  they  were  first  regularly  taken  up 
by  fanciers,  and  from  then  until  the  pres- 
ent, the  breed  has  become  generally  rec- 


ognized as  both  useful  to  sportsmen  and 
householder  alike. 

The  Airedale  possesses  a  thick,  wiry 
coat,  which  fits  him  admirably  as  a  water 
retriever,  and  when  hunting  in  rough 
country,  this  body  covering  does  not  col- 
lect burrs  and  other  nuisances,  such  as 
happens  when  a  dog's  coat  is  woolly  or 
soft. 

It  is  to  be  hoped  that  the  show  ring 
will  not  transform  the  sporting  Airedale 
into  a  mere  apology  for  a  dog,  as  has 
happened  to  other  breeds ;  for  as  he 
stands  at  present,  there  is  no  other  breed 
so  all-around  companionable,  capable  in 
field,  and  such  determined  "scrappers'' 
when  called  upon,  as  these  wire-coated 
grizzly  Terriers. 

The  man  who  has  done,  and  is  doing, 
the  most  to  popularize  this  breed  in  Am- 
erica, is  Mr.  C.  P.  Hubbard,  of  Atlantic, 
Iowa,  in  whose  kennels  are  some  of  the 
best  working  Airedales  in  America.  Mr. 
Hubbard's  Airedales  are  well  known  in 
the  show  ring,  but  he  is  careful  to  breed 
from  practical  working  stock,  and  all  pup- 
pies sent  out  by  him  usually  prove  worth 
their  weight  in  gold,  as  fighters  and  trail- 
ers, when  bear,  bobcat,  cougar  or  lynx 
are  the  quarry. 

He  is  one  of  the  few  men  who  see  the 
use  and  advantage  of  a  good  field  dog, 
apart  from  the  "class,"  and  merit,  as  de- 
termined by  the  field-trial  devotees.  His 
Irish  Setters  are  bred  for  work  and  as 
useful  helpers  in  a  day's  sport  with  the 
gun,  and  not  simply  to  have  their  names 
blazoned  upon  the  field-trial  shield  of 
glory,  as  are  so  many  dogs  at  the  present 
day. 

I  have  wandered  a  little  from  the  trail, 
so  must  perforce  hark  back  to  the  ken- 
nel, where  we  will  take  a  peep  at  some 
other  Terriers  which  are  likely  to  fill 
the  one-dog  man's  requirements. 

Everybody  is  more  or  less  familiar  with 
the  Fox  Terrier,  of  either  the  smooth  or 
rough-coated  variety,  though  it  is  not  ev- 
eryone who  cares  to  go  to  the  trouble  of 
training  such  a  dog,  in  order  to  get  the 
most  possible  use  out  of  him  when  afield 
with  the  shotgun  or  a  pack  of  hounds, 

In  a  previous  article  I  dwelt  upon  the 
merits  of  the  Fox  Terrier,  and  described 


DOGS  AS  COMPANIONS  AT  HOME  AND  AFIELD 


39 


the  work  for  which  he  was  originally  in- 
tended, i.  e.,  that  of  bolting  fox,  otter  or 
badger  from  their  underground  retreats. 

As  a  household  pet,  the  Fox  Terrier  is 
well  known  to  most  people,  and  unfor- 
tunately, in  both  this  country  and  the 
States,  as  well  as  in  England,  there  is  no 
breed  which  has  been  so  completely 
ruined  by  the  show  ring. 

Fox  Terriers  are  headstrong  and  in- 
clined to  be  too  excitable  at  times,  but 
with  careful  and  judicious  handling  they 
can  be  made  to  do  almost  any  kind  of 
work. 

For  bolting  vermin,  hunting  rabbits, 
retrieving  on  land  or  in  water,  or  hunting 
as  a  pack,  Fox  Terriers  are  very  hard  to 
beat.  When  used  in  pack  formation, 
much  care  has  to  be  expended  in  their 
training,  which  should  be  accomplished 
without  the  use  of  whip  or  rough  usage, 
for  Terriers  are  perfect  little  demons  to 
fight  amongst  themselves  when  once  they 
get  rattled  or  excited  through  their  hand- 
ler resorting  to  harsh  treatment. 

Terriers  trained  to  hunt  as  a  pack  will 
run  and  give  tongue  in  a  very  satisfactory 
manner,  and  can  easily  account  for  a  hare 
on  land,  or  an  otter  in  the  stream,  if  they 
have  been  properly  entered  to  the  sport. 

In  the  Southwest  of  England  there  are 
one  or  two  very  good  Terrier  packs,  kept 
exclusively  for  sport,  and  capable,  game 
little  fellows  they  prove  to  be.  The  gen- 
uine working  terrier  is  an  unknown  quan- 
tity in  this  country,  and  even  in  England 
the  breed  has  deteriorated  shamefully, 
thanks  to  the  craze  for  shows  and  all  their 
attendant  follies. 

To  the  real  sportsman,  a  scarred  and 
battle-marked  Terrier  is  as  much  above 


The  following  is  a  copy  of  the  Order-in- 
Council  approved  by  His  Honour  the 
Lieutenant-Governor  the  21st  day  of 
April,  referring  to  hunting  in  the  county 
of  Simcoe  (Ont.)  :  "Upon  the  recommen- 
dation of  the  Honourable  the  Minister  of 
Public  Works,  the  Committee  of  Council 
advise  that,  pursuant  to  the  provisions  of 
section  9  (g)  of  The  Ontario  Game  and 


the  sleek  show-bench  brute  as  a  thorough- 
bred is  above  a  broken-winded  cab-horse. 

There  are  three  other  types  of  Terrier 
which  come  under  our  specification,  i.  e., 
the  Scottish,  Irish  and  Dandie  Dinmont. 

The  Irish  Terrier  is  familiar  to  most  of 
my  readers,  for  the  breed  is  fully  repre- 
sented at  the  dog  shows.  Like  his  cou- 
sin, the  Airedale,  he  is  a  game  fighter, 
but  rather  too  keen  in  resenting  intru- 
sion by  other  dogs.  He  is  companion- 
able, clean,  and  game  to  the  core,  and  for 
sporting  purposes,  as  well  as  a  guard 
around  the  house,  he  is  most  desirable. 

The  Scottish  and  Dandie  Dinmonts 
have  also  lost  much  of  their  old-time 
fighting  and  sporting  instincts,  though 
there  are  yet  some  few  which  are  not 
completely  demoralized. 

As  sporting  companions  either  of  these 
breeds  are  useful,  and  in  the  house  they 
are  great  favorites.  Being  short  in  the 
leg  and  rather  long  in  body,  they  are  not 
so  fast  or  active  as  the  Fox  Terriers,  but 
for  rabbit  shooting,  retrieving,  ana  tnc 
killing  of  vermin,  or  going  to  ground  in 
rocky  or  other  rough  places,  they  are 
keen,  useful  performers ;  that  is,  if  you 
train  them  properly,  and,  above  all,  get 
practical  working  stock  to  breed  from. 

My  readers  will  be  weary  of  this  ram- 
bling^ account  by  now,  so  I  will  leave  a 
few  other  remarks  anent  some  sporting 
breeds  for  a  future  article,  and  in  the 
meantime  I  hope  that  what  I  have  writ- 
ten in  this  and  previous  articles  may  pos- 
sibly induce  some  sport-loving  people  to 
take  up  the  working  strains  and  breed 
them  for  use  in  the  field,  and  not  solely 
as  the  means  of  connecting  with  a  cart- 
load of  silver  mugs  and  other  baubles  of 
the  show-ring  world. 


Fisheries  Act,  and  in  accordance  with  a 
resolution  passed  by  the  Council  of  the 
County  of  Simcoe  on  the  25th  day  of 
November,  1908,  the  hunting,  taking  or 
killing  of  deer  in  the  Countv  of  Simcoe 
be  prohibited  for  a  period  of  three  years 
from  the  1st  day  of  November,  1909.  Cer- 
tified: J.  Lonsdale  Capreol,  Clerk.  Exe- 
cutive Council." 


Bass  Fishing  in  Sturgeon  Lake 


BY  W.  HICKSON. 


SINCE  our  trout  fishing  last  season, 
Bruce  has  had  many  glorious  vis- 
ions of  the  joys  in  handling  the  rod 
and  line,  while  playing  the  gamey 
dwellers  of  our  crystal  lakes,  and  he 
yearned  for  a  few  more  hours'  angling. 
Hence  on  June  20th  I  received  the  fol- 
lowing note  from  Toronto :  "Perhaps  I 
may  take  the  morning  train  on  June  27th 
for  an  afternoon's  bass  fishing  at  Bobcay- 
geon.  Have  a  good  supply  of  those  big 
juicy  worms  ready."  The  foregoing  was 
the  leading  thought  and  mandate  of 
Bruce's  welcome  missive. 

Precisely  at  11 :12  a.  m.  the  train  steam- 
ed into  Bobcaygeon,  and  Bruce  soon  ap- 
peared on  the  platform.  We  exchanged 
the  usual  salutations,  and  then  came  his 
first  question:  "Any  good  fishing?" 
"Good,"  was  my  reply.  "Catch  any  bass 
yet?"  was  his  next.  "Some,  on  the 
morning  of  the  16th,"  I  responded. 
"What  about  the  iunge  fishing?"  he  con- 
tinued. "Excellent,"  was  my  answer. 
"Let  us  get  off  up  the  lake,"  was  his  final 
decision.  I  reminded  him  at  once  that 
we  had  better  get  on  the  "outside"  of  a 
substantial  dinner,  as  the  lake  was  a  hun- 
gry place.  To  this  suggestion  Bruce 
readily  assented.  I  may  just  say  that 
Bruce  is  a  sportsman  of  good,  sound,  de- 
liberate judgment. 

He  is  not  a  particle  like  another  sports- 
man (or  so-called  sportsman)  whom  I 
once  saw.  This  fellow  had  procured  a 
guide  to  row  himself,  his  son  of  about 
fourteen,  and  his  daughter  of  twelve. 
Then  he  walked  out  of  the  hotel,  with 
his  coat  on  his  arm,  to  his  boat,  flung*  it 
down  on  the  seat  and  sat  down  upon  it, 
and  began  about  as  follows:  "Say,  guide, 
have  you  the  hale  in?"  "Is  there  any 
hice  in  that  box?"  "Where's  my  trolling 
line?"  "Here  it  is,"  came  the  reply  from 
his  son  Jimmy.  "Oh,  but  say!  Where 
is  my  rod  and  line?"  "This  is  it,  pa," 
came  the.  gentle  answer  from  his  little 
daughter.    "Look-a-here !    Where  is  that 


landing  net  of  mine?"  "Jimmy,  you  run 
up  to  my  room  for  it !"  Jimmy  is  off, 
and  he  now  starts  his  daughter,  Lena, 
after  Jimmy,  to  tell  him  it  is  not  in  the 
room,  but  in  the  hall.  At  this  juncture 
his  wife  comes  to  see  if  they  were  getting 
off  all  right,  and  he  started  her  to  tell 
Lena  that  it  was  in  the  office,  and  when 
all  three  were  tired  searching  for  it,  some 
one  found  it  on  the  verandah,  and  then 
he  wondered  how  in  the  world  it  ever  got 
there ;  but  nobody  could  make  him  wise 
on  that  point. 

Then  he  began  again :  "Say,  guide, 
are  those  hoars  all  right?"  "Do  they 
ever  squeak?"  But  the  guide  was  sitting 
quietly  on  his  cushioned  seat,  looking  out 
from  under  his  slouch  hat,  with  his 
dreamy  black  eyes,  straight  at  his  interro- 
gator, preserving  all  the  while  a  golden 
silence.  The  only  motion  he  made  was 
to  rub  the  back  of  his  left  hand  with 
his  right  hand. 

This  seemed  to  irritate  his  employer, 
so  he  said:  "Well,  guide,  since  it  be  that 
you  have  nothing  to  say,  we'll  go."  As 
they  were  just  nicely  under  way  he  called 
out:  "Say,  where'  is  that  coat  of  mine?" 
"Jimmy,  did  you  see  my  coat?"  "Lena,  did 
you  not  see  your  pa's  coat?"  "No,"  came 
the  reply  from  both.  "Hello  !  Say,  guide, 
stop  that  boat!  I  must  have  my  coat!" 
"Guide,  didn't  you  see  my  coat?"  "Yer 
sitten  on  yer  coat,"  came  the  laconic  re- 
sponse from  the  guide.  Then  he  wanted 
to  know  "where  were  all  their  eyes"  that 
they  had  not  seen  his  coat  before  that. 
Of  course,  he  never  considered  but  that 
his  body  was  quite  transparent,  and  they 
had  a  perfect  right  to  see  it  at  once. 

Then  when  he  did  get  to  the  "beds" 
and  hooked  a  beauty,  and  Jimmy  said  to 
him,  "Pa,  let  me  help  you  get  that  big 
fellow,"  he  muttered,  "Don't  you  worry ! 
None  of  you  need  worry  ;  I'll  get  him  "just 
now!"  Then  he  jumped  up  imthe  boat, 
for  the  first  time  since  he  entered  it,  and 


BASS  FISHING  IN  STURGEON  LAKE 


41 


nearly  tumbled  out  on  his  head,  and  let 
the  fish  run  under  the  boat.  Then  he  called 
out,  "Jimmy,  glve  me  ^at  gaff !"  "Not 
the  gaff  —  the  landing  net!"  Then  he 
made  a  dive  with  the  net  into  the  water, 
making  about  as  much  noise  as  a  hippo- 
potamus, and  just  grazed  the  back  of  his 
prize,  which  darted  under  the  boat,  with 
a  slack  line,  gave  a  turn  or  two  and  was 
free.  Our  expert  angler  craned  his  neck 
over  the  side  of  the  boat  and  muttered 
something  to  himself  which  was  just  as 
well  that  nobody  should  hear,  and  then 
broke  out,  "What  on  earth  were  you  all 
doing?"  The  guide  smiled  a  smile  serene 
and  kept  the  golden  silence  all  the  while. 
To  return  to  my  story. 

At  1 :30  p.  m.  Bruce  and  I  arrived  at 
the  boathouse,  with  our  two  rods,  three 
trolling  lines,  lunch  basket,  and  a  can  of 
"juicy  worms."  The  sun  burned  a  golden 
yellow  high  in  the  heavens ;  a  gentle 
southwest  wind  was  blowing,  which 
crisped  the  limpid  waters ;  the  air  was 
clear  and  dry;  the  day  was  ideal  for  ang- 
ling; we  shoved  out  our  boat,  took  our 
seats  and  propelled  it  towards  the  west 
for  a  mile,  to  an  old  pier.  Here  we  made 
a  few  casts  and  I  landed  a  four-pound 
bass  and  Bruce  landed  one  that  we  con- 
sidered diminutive,  so  we  returned  him  to 
his  native  element. 

We  moved  still  farther  towards  the 
west  to  a  favorite  spot  where  Bruce  and 
I  had  angled  with  great  success  some  ten 
years  ago.  As  I  was  steering  our  craft, 
I  took  my  bearings,  and  when  we  were 
just',  as  I  thought,  on  the  same  "old  spot," 
I  called  to  Bruce  to  drop  the  anchor 
quickly. 

This  he  did  and  my  line  was  out  before 
he  could  turn  to  seize  his  light  split  bam- 
boo to  make  a  cast.  My  line  did  not  de- 
scend half-way  before  it  was  seized  and 
carried  away  below  the  clear  water;  this 
was  the  signal  that  a  struggle  was  on,  and 
a  struggle  it  was,  for  I  had  hooked  a 
four-pound  bass.  After  the  usual  play- 
ing I  landed  my  prize,  and  made  five  casts 
in  as  quick  succession  as  possible,  and 
landed  five  of  these  gamey  fellows,  all 
of  about  the  same  size,  before  Bruce  had 
had  the  pleasure  of  playing  one  on  his 


light  rod  and  reel.  It  now  occurred  to 
Bruce  that  he  was  the  "hoodoo,"  but  the 
"spell"  soon  broke,  and  his  line  was  sing- 
ing through  the  water,  his  reel  screeching, 
his  light  rod  making  semi-circles,  first  this 
way,  then  that  way,  till  his  fish  rose  and 
he  landed  him. 

We  followed  the  same  course  for  an 
hour  and  a  half,  baiting,  hooking  and  play- 
ing these  beauties,  till  we  had  landed 
twenty-two  from  this  one  spot.  We  re- 
turned eight  of  these  into  the  water,  where 
they  may  play  and  gambol  among  their 
fellows  for  a  few  years  more,  till  they  die 
of  old  age  or  are  taken  by  some  other  ar- 
dent follower  of  Izaak  Walton.  We  had 
fourteen,  all  about  the  same  size,  and 
would  average  three  pounds  each. 

As  our  "juicy  worms"  were  exhausted, 
we  weighed  anchor  and  started  for  Bob- 
caygeon,  where  we  landed  in  forty-five 
minutes.  After  our  arrival  we  were  sur- 
rounded by  a  gang  of  boys,  whose  num- 
bers were  soon  augmented  by  men,  some 
of  whom  wished  to  see  if  we  had  not  tak- 
en more  than  our  legal  number.  We  in- 
formed them,  however,  that  we  never 
did  that  sort  of  thing,  and  that  we  would 
inform  on  any  one  whom  we  saw  taking 
more  than  their  "count,"  as  we  had  no 
respect  for  the  "game  hog." 

This  excellent  sport,  which  would  satis- 
fy the  most  enthusiastic  follower  of  Izaak 
Walton,  was  obtained  three  miles  from 
Bobcaygeon,  on  Sturgeon  Lake,  and  from 
the  appearance  of  the  millions  of  fry  of 
bass  and  maskinonge,  there  will  be  un- 
equalled angling  in  these  waters  for  the 
next  two  or  three  years.  The  water  has 
been  kept  to  the  same  level  since  early 
spring  till  the  present,  in  these  lakes,  and 
this  is  one  of  the  great  means  of  preserv- 
ing our  fish.  Perhaps  there  is  more  de- 
struction to  our  maskinonge  by  a  drop  of 
a  foot  or  eighteen  inches  in  the  water  in 
May  than  from  all  other  causes  of  de- 
struction combined. 

May  these  gamey  fish  long  continue  in 
goodly  numbers,  so  that  when  Bruce  and 
like  anglers  come  with  their  cans  of 
"juicy  worms"  they  may  enjoy  the  sport 
of  kings ! 


Proposed  Game  Fish  Preserve  for  Ontario 


Important  Recommendations  of  the  Dominion  Commission 


THE  report  of  the  Dominion  Fisheries 
Commission  has  been  issued  and 
contains  many  very  interesting  rec- 
ommendations particularly  affect- 
ing the  fishing  industry  of  Ontario  waters 
and  the  fresh-water  fish  supply  of  the  peo- 
ple. The  members  of  the  commission 
were  Prof.  E.  E.  Prince,  of  Ottawa,  chair- 
man ;  Mr.  James  J.  Noble,  Little  Current, 
and  Mr.  John  Birnie,  K.  C,  of  Colling- 
wood,  who  was  also  the  secretary  of  the 
commission. 

The  inland  waters  of  Ontario  are,  the 
commission  points  out,  the  largest  of  the 
kind  in  the  world,  and  the  extraordinary 
productiveness  of  the  Georgian  Bay  fish- 
eries is  above  all  the  other  waters.  The 
records  demonstrate  that  the  catch  of 
wrhitefish  in  all  the  great  lakes  did  not  in 
1890  equal  the  yield  of  Georgian  Bay,  viz : 
2,919  tons,  or  if  the  Manitoulin  Island  fish- 
ing be  included,  as  is  usually  done,  the 
total  catch  amounted  to  no  less  than  5,296 
tons.  Throughout  the  various  waters  are 
found  the  very  best  class  of  whitefish,  and 
the  commission  in  its  report  gives  inter- 
esting details  of  how  the  fish  migrate, 
how  they  seek  their  own  particular  breed- 
ing grounds,  and  how  in  some  cases  the 
fishermen,  often  unwillingly,  but  also 
often  for  gain,  secure  immature  fish,  'and 
by  the  use  of  nets  with  small  meshes  ab- 
solutely destroy  young  fish,  and  in  this 
way  greatly  reduce  the  supply. 

The  lack  of  proper  regulations  thor- 
oughly enforced  has  led  to  a  serious  dimin- 
ution of  the  supply  of  whitefish  from  the 
Georgian  Bay  grounds,  as  the  following 
table  will  show : 

Quantities, 

Years.  lbs. 

1875    2,346,800 

1880   ....   1,042,000 

1885   1,421,160 

1895      1,355,275 

1900   .  1,403,101 

1906    1,259,450 

Regarding  the  catch  of  trout,  in  which 
there  has  been  a  great  increase  since  1880, 


it  is  pointed  out  that  the  quantity  of  nets 
has  largely  increased,  thus,  of  course,  in- 
creasing the  catch. 

The  supply  of  pickerel  appears  to  be  in- 
creasing, sturgeon  decreasing,  herring 
supply  stationary,  and  coarse  fish,  such 
as  carp,  mullet,  suckers  and  other  kinds, 
appear  to  be  increasing,  or  at  any  rate, 
owing  to  the  demand  for  them,  especially 
in  the  United  States,  larger  quantities  are 
on  the  market. 

After  pointing  out  how  the  State  of 
Maine,  with  an  area  of  25,000  square  miles 
for  game  fish,  realized  in  1903  no  less  than 
fifteen  million  dollars,  the  commission 
points  out  that  Ontario,  with  150,000 
square  miles,  could  surely  do  as  well.  It 
is  recommended  that  all  that  portion  of 
the  northern  and  eastern  shores  of  the 
Georgian  Bay,  extending  from  Killarney 
at  the  north  to  Cedar  Point,  in  the  town- 
ship of  Tiny,  on  the  southeastern  shore, 
describing  by  metes  and  bounds  a  line  ex- 
tending along  the  coast,  and  running  out- 
side of  the  hundred  thousand  islands  of 
the  Georgian  Bay,  and  following  the  sinu- 
osities of  the  main  shore  to  Cedar  Point, 
should  be  set  apart  and  reserved  as  a  game 
fish  preserve,  within  -which  no  manner  of 
net  whatever  should  be  set,  and  no  fish 
whatever  caught  except  by  angling,  and 
wherein  no  person  could  angle  without 
first  obtaining  a  license  therefor.  The  cre- 
ation of  this  region  into  a  game  fish  pre- 
serve would  meet  with  the  unqualified  ap- 
proval of  all  persons  who  are  interested 
in  the  preservation  of  our  game  fish.  It 
cuts  off  the  natural  breeding  ground  of 
this  fish  from  the  catcher  of  fish  for  com- 
mercial purposes,  but  it  does  not  inter- 
fere with  the  lawful  calling  of  the  licensed 
fishermen,  inasmuch  as  very  few  commer- 
cial fish  are  caught  in  the  limits  hereby 
defined,  but  any  net  set  within  those  lim- 
its must  have  been-  set  for  the  purpose  of 
catching  the  game  fish.  They  also  rec- 
ommend that  this  preserve  should  be 
called  "The  Georgian  Bay  Game  Fish  Pre- 


PROPOSED  GAME  FISH  PRESERVE  FOR  ONTARIO 


43 


serve,''  and  that  everybody  desiring  to 
angle  therein  should  be  obliged  to  take 
out  a  license  from  the  chief  game  warden 
of  the  Province  of  Ontario,  and  that  such 
licenses  issue  for  sixty  days  only ;  that 
the  license  fee  be  for  Canadians  one  dol- 
lar ;  for  others,  five  dollars ;  and  that  per- 
manent residents  on  the  shores  of  this 
preserved  area  be  allowed  to  fish  freely 
without  such  license.  It  is  recommended 
that  the  license  only  permit  the  holder  to 
catch  in  any  one  day  six  bass,  one  mas- 
kinonge  and  six  yellow  pickerel ;  that  the 
close  season  be  from  January  1  to  June 
30  each  year,  and  that  no  black  bass  or 
maskinonge  be  allowed  to  be  exported 
from  or  sold  in  Ontario. 

It  is  strongly  recommended  that  an  in- 
spector for  the  game  fishery  districts  be 
appointed,  with  powers  of  a  magistrate, 
and  supplied  with  a  power  boat  of  suffi- 
cient speed  and  strength  to  enable  the  in- 
spector to  discharge  his  duties  in  all 
weathers.  He  should  be  entirely  untram- 
melled from  political  considerations,  and 
should  be  enabled  to  exercise  the  duties 
of  his  office  without  fear,  favor  or  affec- 
tion. To  assist  the  inspector  in  his  work 
there  should  be  a  staff  of  six  overseers  ap- 
pointed, one  for  each  of  the  following  six 
districts  :  District  No.  1,  from  Cedar  Point 
to  Split  Rock ;  district  No.  2,  from  Split 
Rock  to  Moose  Point ;  district  No.  3,  from 
Moose  Point  to  Mink  Island ;  district  No. 
4,  from  Mink  Island  to  Point  aux  Baril; 
district  No.  5,  from  Point  aux  Baril  to 
Bustard  Island ;  district  No.  6,  from  Bus- 
tard Island  to  Killarney. 

It  is  urged  that  these  assistants  be  not 
ordinary  fishermen,  but  that  they  be  men 
who  could  act  more  in  the  capacity  of  de- 
tectives, and  that  they  each  be  supplied 
with  a  small,  quick  power  boat.  They 
should  be  selected  free  from  all  political 
ties. 

It  is  recommended  that  from  1911  and 
after,  the  mesh  for  whitefish  nets  be  five 
inches,  and  that  the  nets  allowed  for  each 
boat  be  strictly  limited,  as  follows:  A 
tug,  45,000  yards  in  three  gangs  of  15,000 
yards  each,  with  20  boxes  to  the  gang,  and 
750  yards  to  the  box,  and  that  sailboats 
or  gasoline  launches  be  allowed  not  more 
than  11,250  yards,  in  three  gangs,  five 


boxes  to  a  gang,  and  750  yards  to  a  box; 
and  it  is  further  recommended  that  tugs 
be  prohibited  from  setting  their  nets  west 
and  north  of  a  line  drawn  from  Cape  Smith 
to  Squaw  Island,  skirting  the  west  shore 
of  said  island  and  passing  thence  to  Pa- 
poose Island  and  Fox  Island,  and  direct 
north  to  the  mainland. 

Regarding  pound  nets,  it  is  recommend- 
ed that  they  be  4*4  inches  mesh  in  the 
green  before  being  tarred,  and  that  pound 
net  fishing  be  restricted  to  the  north  chan- 
nel of  Georgian  Bay.  It  is  urged  that 
fishermen  be  compelled  to  bring  ashore  all 
the  coarse  fish  they  catch,  and  that  unau- 
thorised fishing  nets  of  all  sizes  be  forbid- 
den. 

While  not  favoring  the  control  of  the 
sale  of  fish  as  a  purely  government  enter- 
prise, the  commission  says : 

"If  the  Dominion  government  were  to 
establish  at  two  or  three  centres  a  fish 
agency,  managed  by  competent  officials, 
and  provided  with  ample  refrigerator  ac- 
commodation, the  chief  difficulty  would  be 
readily  overcome.  The  fishermen  in  dis- 
tant localities  would  know  where  they 
could  safely  ship  their  fish  to,  and  the 
buyers  in  the  United  States  or  Canada 
would  be  aware  of  a  reliable  supply  of  fish 
at  the  agency,  and  could  purchase  them 
there  at  the  current  remunerative  rates. 
The  agent  would  require  to  be  a  compe- 
tent business  man,  with  a  full  knowledge 
of  the  fisheries  and  of  the  fish  markets, 
and  able  to  meet  the  respective  demands 
from  different  markets,  as  the  different 
centres  in  Canada  and  the  United  States 
show  the  most  marked  differences  in  re- 
gard to  their  demand  for  the  various  kinds 
of  fish.  Thus  Hamilton,  it  is  said,  will 
practically  take  only  whitefish  and  lake 
herring;  Toronto's  demand  is  for  the  same 
fish,  along  with  pike  and  pickerel ;  where- 
as New  York  will  take  practically  every 
kind  of  edible  fish,  including  carp,  suckers, 
sheepsheads,  etc. ;  while  Buffalo,  though 
taking  similar  coarse  fish,  is  somewhat 
more  scrupulous,  especially  as  to  the  qual- 
ity and  condition  of  the  fish.  Detroit 
formerly  was  a  most  particular  market, 
and  even  whitefish  classed  as  'No.  2V  were 
regarded  as  a  drug,  and  there  was  little 
demand  for  such  small  fish  under  one 


44 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


pound,  though  with  the  increasing  scarcity 
in  recent  years,  the  Detroit  market  is  now 
less  strict,  and  will  accept  almost  every 
kind  of  lake  fish  if  in  good  condition." 

It  is  recommended  that  after  the  fishing 
season  this  year  closes  the  export  of  white- 
fish  be  forbidden  for  such  periods  as  the 
government  may  deem  advisable. 

In  connection  with  the  establishment  of 
fish  hatcheries,  of  close  seasons  for  various 
kinds  of  fish,  and  of  a  legal  size  at  which 
some  fish  can  be  caught,  it  is  recommended 
that  an  inspector  for  the  Georgian  Bay  and 
North  Channel  be  appointed  at  a  salary 
of  $2,000  or  $2,500,  with  a  boat  and  other 
necessary  equipment,  and  that  he  have  un- 
der him  eleven  overseers  for  the  following 
districts:  (1)  Sault  Ste.  Marie  to  Algoma 
Mills,  including  Meldrum  Bay,  Duck  and 
Cockburn  Islands:  (2)  Algoma  Mills  to 
Killarney,  including  Squaw  and  Horse  Isl- 
ands and  South  and  Providence  Bays ;  (3) 
Killarney  to  French  River;  (4)  French 
River  to  Point  aux  Baril ;  (5)  Point  aux 
Baril  to  Parry  Sound;  (6)  Parry  Sound 
to  Sans  Souci;  (7)  Sans  Souci  to  Pene- 
tanguishene;  (8)  Penetanguishene  to  Col- 
lingwood;  (9)  Owen  Sound;  (10)  Colling- 
wood  to  Owen  Sound;  (ID  Owen  Sound 
to  Tobermory. 


Recommendations  are  made  for  licens- 
ing fishing  vessels,  a  proper  patrol  system, 
penalties  for  violating  the  regulations,  and 
the  giving  of  the  control  and  regulation  of 
the  fisheries  to  the  Federal  government. 
In  conclusion  the  report  says : 

"While,  under  our  system  of  govern- 
ment by  party,  it  is  a  very  difficult  matter 
to  keep  all  kinds  of  necessary  patronage 
untinged  by  the  exigencies  of  political 
bias,  so  that  there  is  ground  of  complaint 
in  this  respect  toward  the  Dominion  gov- 
ernment, still  our  investigations  have  led 
us  to  the  conclusion  that  in  the  Province 
of  Ontario  the  fisheries  and  their  licensing 
powers  in  connection  therewith  have  not 
been  used  with  a  desire  to  benefit  and  im- 
prove and  perpetuate  the  fisheries  in  their 
control.  We  find  that  political  opponents 
of  the  government  have  great  difficulty, 
in  some  cases,  in  getting  their  licenses, 
and,  in  other  cases,  of  getting  districts  in 
which  to  fish.  The  maxim,  'To  the  vic- 
tor belongs  the  spoils,'  is,  we  are  afraid, 
being  carried  out  even  in  regard  to  our 
own  fisheries.  Under  the  circumstances, 
we  think  that  the  fisheries,  under  the 
present  condition  of  affairs,  cannot  be 
expected  to  thrive  and  prosper." 


Black  Bass  Fishing  in  Canada 

BY  J.  WALKER  BARTLETT. 


THE  other  day,  when  crossing  the 
"North  Atlantic  ferry"  to  Mont- 
real, I  was  asked  several  times  by 
people  intending  to  settle  in  On- 
tario or  some  neighboring  Province  if 
there  were  any  good  fishing  haunts  near 
where  they  were  going.  I  answered  that 
I  knew  of  one  of  the  most  charming  little 
spots  in  the  world,  situated  about  two 
hundred  miles  west  of  Montreal  and  one 
hundred  miles  east  of  Toronto,  where 
the  pluckiest  fish  in  the  continent  of 
North  America  abound  —  I  referred  to 
the  black  bass  fishing  that  can  be  obtained 
at  Sharbot  Lake.  Sharbot  Lake  Junction 
is  on  the  main  line  of  the  Canadian  Pa- 


cific Railway  between  Toronto  and  Mont- 
real, and,  accordingly,  can  easily  be  reach- 
ed from  either  of  these  points.  Upon  ar- 
rival at  Sharbot  Lake  a  first-class  hotel 
will  be  found  within  two  minutes  of  the 
station,  while  the  lake  is  within  five  min- 
utes' walk  of  the  hotel. 

My  personal  experiences  on  that  most 
beautiful  of  lakes  —  called  by  the  Indians 
"The  Lake  of  the  Hundred  Isles,"  there 
being  ninety-nine  charted  islands  thereon 
—  although  comparatively  few  are  by  me 
never  to  be  forgotten.  I  remember  how 
I  ran,  played,  and  finally  landed  a  beauty 
just  under  five  pounds  and  hew,  with 
steel  rod  and  two  hundred  and  fifty  feet 


BLACK  BASS  FISHING  IN  CANADA 


45 


of  copper  line,  I  eventually  pulled  a  fif- 
teen-pound salmon  from  the  depths  of  the 
shimmering  water;  how  the  back  of  Old 
Jones'  neck  wrinkled  in  smiles  as  he  gave 
it  the  "coup  de  grace,"  and  how  my  wrist 
ached,  to  be  sure,  before  I  got  the  line 
wound  in. 

Salmon  fishing,  however,  after  black 
bass,  is  like  fishing  cod  after  tarpon ;  and 
it  is  ever  noticeable  how  the  versatile 
Jones  tries  to  lure  you  away,  and  how 
even  he  —  old  and  tried  fisherman  that  he 
is  —  begins  to  enthuse  when  he  sees  the 
bow  of  the  boat  headed  for  the  weed  beds. 
About  11 :30  we  stop  for  the  mid-day 
meal;  and  here  Old  Jones  excels  himself, 
for  in  commissariat  work  in  the  woods  he 
is  an  artist.  We  lunch  and  laze  away  the 
noon  hours,  for  the  heat  at  this  time  is  in- 
tense ;  and  as  an  additional  appetiser,  we 
go  for  a  plunge  in  the  cool,  limpid  water 
—  away  far  from  the  madding  crowd,  the 
silence  only  broken  by  the  plaintive  cry 
of  the  loon,  or  the  quick,  sharp  call  of 
some  bird  of  prey  as  it  soars  above  us. 

We  generally  make  up  a  party  of  four 
— ■  with  the  guides,  six ;  two  and  a  guide 
in  each  boat.  Black  bass  fishing  is  un- 
like any  other  kind  of  sport  I  know. 
Sometimes  you  try  to  lure  them  with  a 
fly,  but  more  often  you  fish  with  live  min- 
nows about  two  inches  in  length,  hooked 
through  the  two  lips,  with  (preferably) 
small  sproat  hooks.  The  minnow  is 
dropped  quietly  over  the  side  of  the  boat, 
and  (if  you  are  fishing  in  the  "fall")  is 
allowed  to  swim  around  the  weed  beds, 
where  the  largest  bass  are  to  be  found  at 
this  season  of  the  year.  Suddenly  Old 
Jones  remarks  absent-mindedly  that  it  is 
far  too  bright  and  the  wind  is  all  wrong, 
but  you  might  get  a  "swipe"  here.  The 
words  have  hardly  left  his  lips,  when 
away  goes  your  line  for  five  or  six  fath- 
oms clear.  If  you  do  not  understand  the 
ways  of  black  bass  you  will  check  him 
on  the  run,  which  is  synonymous  with  los- 
ing your  fish,  while,  when  you  get  your 
line  wound  in,  you  will  find  your  hook  as 
stripped  and  bare  as  a  maple  grove  in 
winter. 

When  a  bass  takes  the  minnow,  he 
catches  it  amidships  (not  where  the  hook 
is,  as  the  minnow  is  hooked  through  the 
lips  only)  and  runs  with  it  to  get  away 


from  his  companions  and  make  a  meal  in 
peace.  He  now  stops  to  feed  by  himself, 
and,  letting  go  his  hold  amidships,  he 
catches  the  minnow  by  the  head  —  this  is 
the  time  for  you  to  put  your  drag  on, 
wind  up  slowly  till  you  feel  he  is  still 
there,  and  then  strike.  Whirr ! — zip  ! — 
goes  your  reel  as  your  fish  rises  a  clear  six 
feet,  with  his  back  arched  as  if  he  were 
trying  to  catch  his  tail,  and  you  think, 
"What  a  picture,  if  I  had  not  forgotten 
my  camera !"  Half  a  dozen  times  will  he 
spring  clear  before  you  get  him  near 
enough  for  Old  Jones  to  lift  him  in,  and 
even  then  he  is  fighting  —  game  to  the 
end. 

You  stop  for  a  minute  to  leisurely  gloat 
over  his  beauty.  But  Old  Jones  knows 
that  bass  are  not  always  "on  the  feed," 
and,  while  you  are  in  the  finny  heart  of 
things,  "Hustle"  is  the  word  given.  And 
so  the  fun  goes  on,  fish  after  fish  being 
taken,  each  one  giving  more  play  than  the 
last  —  with  more  than  likely  a  few  three- 
or  four-pound  pike  thrown  in  for  variation 
—  till,  when  the  dusk  begins  to  fall,  you 
feel  you  are  ready  to  land  and  bivouac  for 
the  night.  So  you  row  ashore  to  one 
of  the  islands,  to  a  place  that  has  been 
arranged  with  your  companions  before- 
hand ;  and  Old  Jones  and  Larry  erect  a 
tent,  build  a  fire,  and  cook  your  supper. 
Imagine  black  bass  and  bacon  —  and  you 
with  the  appetite  of  a  wolf! 

It  is  quite  an  education  to  see  Old  Jones 
preparing  supper  —  tea  (and  green  tea  at 
that;  you  will  hardly  get  a  Canadian 
guide  to  take  black  tea  in  the  woods), 
bread,  butter,  eggs,  and  everything  good 
that  can  be  imagined  for  hungry  men, 
even  down  to  pickles  and  such  like  frivoli- 
ties, which  tend  to  make  up  the  sweets  of 
life ;  and  the  apple  pie,  without  which  no 
Canadian  supper  is  complete,  must  not  be 
forgotten. 

After  supper  the  pipes  are  got  out,  and 
a  little  "fire  water"  for  the  guides,  other- 
wise the  Gods  of  the  Woods  would  not 
be  propitiated.  We  now  lie  around  the 
fire  and  admire  the  glories  of  the  Cana- 
dian "fall" ;  unrivalled  for  beauty  of  col- 
ouring the  world  over,  I  think,  the  chief 
contributory  being  the  maple  with  its 
marvellous  shades  of  red,  yellow  and 
brown.     This  is  the  time  when  Larry 


46 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


shines,  for  as  a  raconteur  he  is  inimitable. 
Yes,  this  is  a  glorious  hour  before  turning 
in,  when  the  birch  logs  blaze  at  your  feet, 
and  Larry  tells  hunting  yarns. 

These  flannel-shirt,  white-shoe,  cush- 
ioned-boat  fishing  excursions  are  indigen- 
ous to  the  colonies.  There  is  a  largeness, 
a  freshness,  and  a  "Panama  hat"  feeling 
here  which  cannot  be  understood  in  the 


Motherland.  When  the  longing  for  the 
woods  comes,  I  say  with  Kipling — 

Send  the  road  be  clear  before  you, 
When  the  old  spring  fret  comes  o'er  you, 
And  the  Red  Gods  call  for  you. 

[Mr.  Bartlett  is  an  Old  Country  resi- 
dent, and  as  purser  of  the  Allan  Line  S.  S. 
Grampian,  has  visited  Canada  many  times 
and  is  well  acquainted  with  our  fishing.] 


The  Conquest  of  the  Air 

BY  N.  M.  BROWNE. 


The  history  of  all  the  great  mechanical 
achievements  of  the  world  has  been  a 
series  of  evolution ;  the  assembling  of 
piece  upon  piece  of  mechanism  until  fin- 
ally a  creation  was  evolved  which  revolu- 
tionized the  system  hitherto  in  use,  or 
brought  forth  a  something  that  had  hither- 
to not  been  dreamed  of  by  the  inventive 
genius  of  man. 

When  Robert  Fulton  sailed  up  the  Hud- 
son in  his  steamboat  and  made  the  predic- 
tion that  some  day  a  craft  of  similar  pat- 
tern would  make  a  voyage  across  the  At- 
lantic, there  were  people  who  said  the 
man  was  crazy  even  to  think  about  such 


Residence  of  Dr.  A.  Graham  Bell,  "Beim  Bhreagh,"  near 
Baddeek,  N.  S. 


a  stupendous  fact,  and  even  the  inventor's 
most  intimate  friends  smiled  indulgently 
when  he  brought  the  conversation  around 
to  his  favorite  topic.  Even  if  Fulton  could 
succeed  in  making  a  steamboat  travel 
across  the  Atlantic,  where  was  he  to  get 
storage  for  sufficient  coal  to  produce 
steam?  The  scheme  was  impossible  and 
therefore  not  to  be  considered  for  an  in- 
stant by  sensible  people.  But  Fulton  stuck 
doggedly  to  his  work,  and  eventually  ac- 


complished the  dream  of  his  life.  If 
those  people  who  ridiculed  Fulton's  steam- 
boat theories  could  but  take  a  glance  along 
the  waterfront  of  one  of  the  world's  great 
shipping  centres  to-day,  and  see  the  mon- 
ster leviathans  that  arrive  daily  from  all 
the  inhabited  portions  of  the  earth,  cover- 
ing tens  of  thousands  of  miles  during  a 
single  voyage,  they  would  be  inclined  to 
fall  down  and  worship  that  great  genius, 
Fulton,  who  at  one  time,  they  felt  sure, 
was  a  legitimate  candidate  for  a  lunatic 
asylum. 

A  couple  of  years  ago  a  world-renowned 
American  mathematician  and  scientist 
proved  —  on  paper  —  that  it  was  a  prac- 
tical impossibility  for  man  to  invent  a 
machine  heavier  than  air  that  would  fly 
and  support  itself,,  no  matter  how  it  was 
driven ;  but  later  events  have  proved  that 
the  gentleman  was  all  wrong  in  his  reck- 
oning. Only  a  few  years  ago  intelligent 
people  scoffed  at  the  idea  of  flying,  and  a 
man  needed  a  good  deal  of  courage  to  pro- 
fess his  faith  in  its  ultimate  accomplish- 
ment. Repeated  failures  had  given  rise 
to  most  unreasonable  prejudice,  and 
sweeping  criticisms  had  put  the  problem 
in  a  class  with  perpetual  motion.  Scien- 
tific men  felt  that  it  was  an  unsafe  field  in 
which  to  risk  their  reputations,  and  a  pop- 
ular feeling  existed  that  flight  involved 
some  inherent  impossibility,  and  was  in 
general  a  subject  to  be  avoided.  It  is  dif- 
ficult to  realize  how  all  this  has  changed, 
but  it  is  easy  to  see  why  it  has  changed, 
and  flight  has  actually  been  accomplished. 
Machines,  a  thousand  times  heavier  than 
the  air  in  which  they  are  supported,  make 
long  and  successful  flights.     The  practi- 


THE  CONQUEST  OF  THE  AIR 


47 


cability  of  flight  has  been  splendidly  dem- 
onstrated, and  the  world  is  at  last  con- 
vinced that  the  flying  machine  is  a  reality. 

December  31st,  1908,  the  people  of  two 
hemispheres  were  electrified  by  the  news 
flashed  around  the  world,  by  cable,  wire 
and  wireless,  that  Wilbur  Wright,  the 
American  aviator,  had  remained  in  the  air 
for  two  hours  and  eighteen  minutes,  and 
covered  a  distance  of  seventy-six  and  a 
half  miles.  During  this  flight,  which  is 
the  record  one  for  heavier  than  air  ma- 
chines, he  showed  clearly  that  he  had  per- 
fect control  of  the  machine  and  could  steer 
up  and  down  or  make  turns  with  the  great- 
est ease. 

The  first  locomotive  began  its  career  at 


ment)  which  showed  that  heavier-than-air 
flight  was  within  man's  reach  at  that 
time.  In  1891  Lilienthal  built  an  appara- 
tus later  to  be  known  as  a  glider,  which  he 
became  very  expert  in  balancing  while  in 
the  air.  With  this  machine  he  made 
thousands  of  gliding  descents,  but  he  came 
to  his  death  while  experimenting  in  1896. 
It  is  the  unanimous  opinion  that  had  Lil- 
ienthal lived  he  would  have  eventually 
solved  the  problem  of  aerial  aviation. 

Dr.  Alexander  Graham  Bell  has  opened 
up  a  new  field  in  this  interesting  study 
by  developing  a  unit  system  which  is  now 
well  known  as  a  tetrahedral  construction. 
In  this  unique  construction  the  law  of  the 
squares  and  cubes  does  not  apply,  as  an 


Dr.  Bell's  Cygnet  II,  with  J.  A.  D.  McCurdy  as  Aviator. 


ten  miles  an  hour,  yet  the  aerodrome  be- 
gins its  career  where  the  locomotive  is  to- 
day. The  first  authentic  record  of  man's 
attempt  to  fly  dates  back  to  about  1492, 
when  Leonardo  da  Vinci,  the  great  sculp- 
tor and  engineer,  prepared  a  treatise  on 
the  flight  of  birds,  which  showed  that  he 
had  an  excellent  grasp  of  his  subject. 

Passing  over  the  efforts  of  the  early  pio- 
neers, the  year  1892  witnessed  the  two 
giants  of  aviation,  Otto  Lilienthal  and  Sir 
Hiram  Maxim,  enter  the  arena  of  aerial 
aviation.  Both  achieved  success,  which 
inspired  others  to  take  up  the  work,  and 
the  world  was  given  two  distinct  lines  of 
reasoning  (each  amply  verified  by  experi- 


increase  in  size  simply  increases  the  num- 
ber of  unit  surfaces  employed,  so  that  the 
weight  must  necessarily  increase  in  the 
same  proportion  as  does  the  surface,  and 
this  principle  is  most  important.  Inter- 
preted in  another  way,  it  means  that  an 
indefinitely  large  machine  will  fly  equally 
as  well  as  a  small  one,  provided  the  loads 
are  properly  distributed.  Each  unit  or 
cell  in  this  system  offers  a  certain  resist- 
ance and  carries  a  proportional  load ;  so 
that  if  it  is  possible  to  make  say  1,000  of 
these  units  carry  up  a  man  and  an  engine, 
it  is  possible  to  make  100,000  of  them 
combined  in  one  carry  up  a  hundred  men 
and  a  hundred  engines,  always  provided 


48 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


the  men  and  the  engines  are  not  concen- 
trated. Instead  of  attempting  to  increase 
the  size  of  one  artificial  bird  Dr.  Bell  pro- 
poses to  combine  a  flock  of  artificial  birds. 

Just  at  present  history  is  being  made  in 
the  quiet  little  watering  place,  Baddeck, 
on  the  shores  of  the  beautiful  Bras  d'Or 
Lakes.  Here,  at  the  laboratories  of  Dr. 
Alexander  Graham  Bell,  an  army  of  ex- 
perts, with  their  assistants,  is  daily  en- 
gaged with  head  and  hand,  thinking  and 
working  out  the  problems  of  the  best  way 
to  navigate  the  air.  Even  as  the  writer  is 
penning  these  lines  a  distant  purring  falls 
on  the  ear;  nearer  and  nearer  it  draws, 
the  noise  of  the  rapidly  generating  engine 
and  the  whirring  of  the  propeller  becomes 


are  as  much  at  home  seated  on  the  ma- 
chine flying  through  the  air  as  the  ordi- 
nary individual  is  sitting  at  the  parlor  fire- 
side. 

March  10th  witnessed  a  sensational 
flight  by  the  Silver  Dart,  when  the  ma- 
chine outdistanced  all  her  former  records. 
Having  been  fitted  with  ice  wheels,  the 
machine  was  trundled  out  on  the  ice, 
where,  after  a  preliminary  examination  of 
the  motor  and  machinery,  Mr.  J.  A.  D. 
McCurdy,  owner  of  the  machine,  climbed 
through  the  network  of  wires  into  his  tiny 
seat  in  front  of  the  engine.  The  body  of 
the  machine  was  held  in  check  by  half  a 
dozen  sturdy  onlookers,  while  the  engine 
was  set  in  motion.    With  a  "let  her  go" 


A  Rear  View  of  tne  Tetrahedral,  Cygnet  II. 


louder  and  louder,  until  finally  the  window 
is  flung  open,  and  there,  sailing  gracefully 
through  the  air,  at  an  altitude  of  about 
thirty  feet,  is  the  famous  Silver  Dart,  mak- 
ing one  of  her  record-breaking  cross-coun- 
try flights.  At  a  distance  of  three-quar- 
ters of  a  mile  the  drome  becomes  lost  to 
sight,  but  in  less  time  than  it  takes  to 
write,  the  machine  has  rounded  the  outer 
mark  of  the  official  course,  and  is  on  her 
way  back  to  the  starting  point,  the  aviator 
bringing  her  to  earth  with  the  graceful 
and  unhesitating  motion  of  a  bird.  Hour- 
ly flights  of  four  miles  or  more  are  but  in- 
cidents, and  the  aviators,  Messrs.  J.  A.  D. 
McCurdy  and  F.  W.   (Casey)  Baldwin 


from  the  operator,  the  attendants  released 
their  hold,  and  away  went  the  machine 
over  the  ice  like  an  arrow  sprung  from  a 
bow.  After  skipping  along  the  ice  for 
about  two  hundred  yards,  the  drome  rose 
at  a  graceful  angle  to  a  height  of  about 
twenty  feet  and  shot  away  for  the  town 
of  Baddeck,  some  three  miles  distant. 
Passing  over  the  channel  between  the 
town  and  Kitson's  Island,  the  aviator 
headed  the  machine  for  the  ten-mile  turn- 
ing buoy.  Rounding  the  mark  in  a  wide, 
sweeping  circle,  the  drome  started  on. her 
return  course.  On  the  way  in  she  had  to 
pass  over  a  thickly-wooded  paten  of  land, 
but  was  sufficiently  high  to  avoid  corning 


THE  CONQUEST  OF  THE  AIR 


49 


in  contact  with  the  tree  tops.  The  finish- 
ing point  was  rather  close  inshore,  and 
Mr.  McCurdy,  to  avoid  the  chance  of  land- 
ing on  shore,  shut  off  the  power,  and  the 
machine,  bereft  of  motion,  glided  graceful- 
ly to  the  ice. 

This  was  the  record  flight  of  the  Silver 
Dart,  the  drome  having  covered  a  distance 
of  twenty  miles,  less  two  hundred  yards, 
in  twenty-four  minutes. 

Mr.  McCurdy,  speaking  to  the  writer 
after  the  flight,  said :  "The  sensation  of 
moving  through  the  air  in  such  a  machine 
is  a  glorious  one.  There  is  absolutely  no 
vibration  such  as  you  get  in  a  motor  boat, 
automobile  or  any  vehicle  travelling  on 
the  earth,  just  a  delightful  sensation  of 


to  explain  to  the  uninitiated  why  we  do 
not  do  so.  Of  course,  these  flights  we  are 
making  are  only  experiments,  and  occa- 
sionally during  a  flight,  when  we  have 
gone  scarcely  more  than  one  hundred" 
yards,  some  little  piece  of  mechanism  gets 
out  of  adjustment,  and  we  have  to  alight 
to  fix  it.  Then,  again,  the  machine  will 
run  along,  as  you  have  seen,  for  twenty 
miles  without  a  hitch.  The  aerodrome  is 
here  to  stay,  and  after  it  is  somewhat  more 
perfected  I  look  to  see  it  employed  by  the 
big  powers  of  the  world  during  times  of 
war  to  carry  despatches,  do  scouting  work, 
etc." 

"The  question  of  lifting  weight  does 
not  enter  into  our  calculations  any  more ; 


r 


Towing  the  Silver  Dart  to  Her  Starting  Line. 


rest  and  thorough  enjoyment.  The  rapid- 
ity with  which  one  is  moving  does  not  oc- 
cur to  one ;  in  fact,  but  for  the  fast-flying 
landscape  caught  through  occasional 
glimpses  over  his  shoulder,  the  aviator  of 
a  machine  experiences  scarcely  any  sensa- 
tion of  motion." 

"Now  that  the  Silver  Dart  has  demon- 
strated her  ability  to  remain  in  the  air 
and  cover  a  distance  of  twenty  miles,  what 
is  to  hinder  her  from  making  a  flight  ten 
times  that  distance?"  Mr.  McCurdy  was 
asked. 

"I  feel  confident  that  this  machine  could 
continue  flying  for  an  indefinite  period," 
was  the  answer,  "but  I  fear  it  is  impossible 


we  have  solved  that  problem  with  the  Sil- 
ver Dart ;  what  we  are  after  at  present  is 
to  devise  a  propeller  that  will  give  a  much 
greater  forward  thrust  than  anything  at 
present  in  use."  As  to  what  form  the 
passenger  aerodrome  of  the  future  will 
take,  and  what  it  will  be  used  for,  Mr.  Mc- 
Curdy would  not  hazard  a  prediction. 

The  Silver  Dart  is  a  double-deck  aero- 
drome, forty-nine  feet  wide,  with  planes, 
six  feet  broad  fore  and  aft.  Centered  on 
it  is  a  50  h.  p.  eight-cylinder  motor,  built 
by  the  H.  G.  Curtiss  Company,  of  Ham- 
mondsport,  N.  Y.  This  motor  drives  a 
ten-blade  wooden  propeller  placed  at  the 
rear  of  the  airship.    The  elevation  is  con- 


50 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


trolled  by  a  horizontal  rudder  broadly 
made,  and  extending  out  in  front,  by  the 
tilting  of  which  the  aviator  can  direct  his 
course  up  or  down.  At  the  rear  is  placed 
a  perpendicular  rudder  by  which  the 
drome  is  steered,  and  which  operates  like 
that  on  an  ordinary  boat.  The  planes, 
with  the  exception  of  two  small  triangular 
wings  at  the  extreme  tips,  are  of  rigid  con- 
struction, the  sections  being  covered  with 
vulcanized  silk.  The  forward  thrust  of 
the  propeller,  when  the  drome  is  station- 
ary and  the  engine  is  going  at  full  speed, 
is  three  hundred  pounds. 

Mr.  McCurdy  says  there  is  nothing  to 
hinder  an  amateur  from  running  an  aero- 
drome.    Of  course,  the  man  who  under- 


takes aviation  of  the  air  must  have  plenty 
of  nerve  and  a  supreme  confidence  in  his 
own  ability  to  handle  the  machine  once  it 
leaves  the  ground.  Loss  of  presence  of 
mind  for  even  a  single  moment  would  be 
almost  certain  to  prove  disastrous.  The 
time,  however,  is  not  far  in  the  future 
when  aerodromes  such  as  the  Silver  Dart 
will  be  seen  flying  about  by  the  dozen  in 
the  open  stretches  of  moor  and  common 
near  the  big  centres  of  the  world.  Give  a 
machine  of  this  description  a  flying  start 
over  a  hundred-yard  course,  and  after  a 
spin  above  the  house,  she  is  practically 
-certain  of  landing  you  back  at  the  spot 
where  the  flight  began,  always  providing, 


of  course,  the  aviator  understands  his  bus- 
iness. 

Following  the  sensational  flight  made 
by  the  Silver  Dart,  drome  No.  5,  Dr.  Bell's 
tetrahedral  kite,  Cygnet  II,  was  launched 
from  the  laboratories  and  given  a  short 
trial  with  the  Silver  Dart's  motor.  Mr. 
McCurdy  was  again  aviator,  but  unfor- 
tunately just  as  the  machine  was  going 
nicely  along  the  ice  the  propeller  shaft 
broke  and  the  trials  had  to  be  abandoned 
for  the  time  being. 

Cygnet  II  comprises  about  4,000  cells 
and  is  much  larger  than  her  predecessor, 
Cygnet  I.  The  controlling  apparatus  of 
Cygnet  II  is  exactly  the  same  as  that  on 
the  Silver  Dart,  except  that  the  steering 


plane  is  at  the  front  of  the  machine,  di- 
rectly behind  the  elevation  control,  and 
in  front  of  the  aviator. 

Dr.  Bell  is  one  of  the  most  kindly  and 
generous-hearted  of  the  world's  great 
men.  No  matter  how  busy  he  might  be 
at  the  moment,  whether  working  out  a 
problem  in  mathematics  or  attending  to 
the  more  simple  matters  of  home  life,  the 
genial  savant  can  always  spare  time  to 
give  the  visitor  to  "Beim  Bhreagh"  a 
hearty  welcome.  During  a  visit  to  the 
savant's  home  the  writer  was  accorded  the 
privilege  of  an  ho.ur's  chat,  during  which 
the  possibilities  of  the  flying  machine  was 
the  topic  of  discussion. 


The  Silver  Dart  on  Her  Record-Making:  Flight  of  Twenty  Mi  les. 


THE  CONQUEST  OF  THE  AIR 


51 


"Tfle  flying  machine  is  here  now,"  said 
Dr.  B?ll,  'kand  there  only  remains  the 
problen\  of  improving  and  learning  to  op- 
erate it.  The  Silver  Dart,  drome  No.  4, 
and  Cygnet  II,  No.  5,  have  clearly  demon- 
strated that  aviation  of  the  air  is  feasible, 
and  we  have(  at  least  progressed  far  enough 
to  show  clearly  that  the  flying  machine  is 
actually  here  now.  With  a  dirigible  bal- 
loon, such  as  Count  Zeppelin  is  using  in 
his  daily  flights,  an  enemy  could  easily 
locate  and  destroy  the  whole  British  navy, 
or,  suspended  over  London,  could  wreck 
the  city  in  the  twinkling  of  an  eye.  With 
the  development  of  aerial  aviation  sea 
power  will  become  a  secondary  question, 
and  it  is  gratifying  to  note  that  Great  Brit- 
ain is  taking  up  the  subject." 


home  in  Nova  Scotia.  The  late  Lieut. 
Selfridge  went  up  in  this  man-lifting  kite, 
and  it  was  hoped  to  get  data  as  to  the  lift 
and  what  is  technically  called  drift  or  re- 
sistance, with  a  view  to  installing  a  motor 
and  propellers  to  convert  the  kite  into  a 
free-flying  machine.  The  flight  was  en- 
tirely satisfactory,  but  unfortunately  the 
kite  was  wrecked  by  being  pulled  through 
the  water  after  it  had  come  down. 

The  association  then  moved  its  head- 
quarters to  the  engine  works  of  Mr.  H. 
G.  Curtiss,  who  was  executive  head  of 
the  association.  Gliding  experiments 
were  commenced.  For  these  gliding  ex- 
periments the  association  adopted  the 
Chanute  type,  and  obtained  some  useful 
information  from  it  before  building  their 


Half-Way  Over  the  Final  Course,  J.  A.  D.  McCurdy,  Aviator. 


Speaking  of  the  possibilities  of  the  aero- 
drome, Dr.  Bell  said:  "It  is  a  practical 
certainty  the  machines  will  be  used  for 
sport  in  the  very  near  future.  At  present 
we  get  a  speed  of  forty  miles  an  hour,  and 
there  is  no  reason  why  we  should  not  dou- 
ble that." 

In  October,  1907,  Dr.  Alexander  Graham 
Bell  organized  an  association  to  be  known 
as  the  Aerial  Experiment  Association. 
The  association  consisted  of  five  members 
and  had  as  its  object  the  building  and  im- 
provement of  heavier-than-air  machines. 

Experiments  were  first  made  with  a 
large  tetrahedral  kite  at  Dr.  Bell's  summer 


first  motor-driven  machine.  Selfridge's 
"Red  Wing,"  as  this  machine  was  called 
(because  the  surfaces  were  winglike  and 
covered  with  red  silk),  was  a  distinct  de- 
parture from  the  flat  Chanute  type. 

The  main  supporting  surfaces  were 
bowed  toward  each  other  at  the  extremi- 
ties, and  tapered  from  fore  to  aft  like  a 
bird's  wing. 

The  machine  was  fitted  with  runners 
and  tried  on  the  ice  of  Lake  Keuka.  Al- 
though it  was  hardly  expected  that  it 
would  fly  on  the  first  trial,  the  machine 
left  the  ice  after  travelling  about  two 
hundred  feet  and  made  a  very  promising 


52 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


flight  of  three  hundred  and  nineteen  feet. 
The  machine  came  down  owing  to  failure 
of  a  single  surface  rail,  but  did  it  so  gently 
that  it  was  impossible  to  tell  just  when 
the  runner  struck  the  ice.  This  was  the 
first  public  flight  of  a  heavier-than-air 
machine  in  America,  and  was  a  matter  of 
great  encouragement  to  the  Aerial  Experi- 
ment Association.  Upon  a  second  trial, 
in  attempting  to  fly  her  in  windy  weather, 
the  "Red  Wing"  was  badly  wrecked  and 
the  "White  Wing"  succeeded  it. 

The  "White  Wing"  was  an  improve- 
ment on  the  "Red  Wing"  in  having  bal- 
ancing rudders,  but  she  also  was  rather 
badly  smashed,  and  the  Curtiss  "June 
Bug,"  as  the  third  machine  was  called, 


Motor-car  racing  is  directly  responsible 
for  the  development  of  the  light  engine 
which  makes  flight  possible,  yet  the  men. 
who  raced  motors  cars  had  no  idea  of  de- 
veloping the  flying-machine.  They  raced 
for  the  pure  joy  of  racing.  These  same 
men  are  already  taking  up  the  aerodrome, 
and  the  most  useful  lessons  will  undoubt- 
edly be  learned  from  the  extreme  ma- 
chines, in  which  comfort,  and  stability  if 
need  be,  are  sacrificed  to  speed." 

"Such  places  as  Thibet  and  the  heart  of 
Africa,  for  example,  have  so  far  resisted 
civilization,  not  because  white  men 
couldn't  live  there,  but  because  they 
couldn't  get  there. 

"In  the  history  of  the  world  roads  have 


Coming  Home  Over  the  Mountain  After  a  Sixteen-Mile  Spin. 


was  really  the  first  aerodrome  built 'by 
the  association  which  made  satisfactory 
flights. 

Altogether  this  machine  has  made  over 
a  hundred  flights,  varying  in  length  from 
long  jumps  to  sustained  flights  of  two 
and  one-half  miles.  On  July  4th,  1908, 
she  won  the  Scientific  Trophy  for  the  first 
heavier-than-air  machine  to  fly  a  dilo- 
meter. 

Mr.  F.  W.  Baldwin,  engineer  in  charge 
of  the  aerial  experiments  at  "Beim 
Breagh,"  speaking  with  the  writer  on  the 
future  of  aviation,  said : 

"Few  people  realize  what  an  important 
part  sport  is  likely  to  play  in  the  develop- 
ment   of    the    practical  flying-machine. 


hitherto  gone  hand  in  hand  with  civiliza- 
tion, and  it  is  important  for  us  to  realize 
that  the  great  universal  highway  above 
us  is  now  open. 

"But  while  the  flying-machine  may  cut 
down  distances,  make  the  north  pole,  and 
be  of  great  value  as  a  means  of  communi- 
cation, there  is  another  significance  which, 
though  not  nearly  so  broad  as  the  spread 
of  civilization,  comes  home  to  us  more 
forcibly.  The  big  European  powers  are 
spending  vast  sums  of  money  annually 
upon  aeronautics,  not  as  a  missionary  en- 
terprise, nor  in  the  interest  of  a  sport. 

"France  and  Germany,  in  particular,  are 
alive  to  the  fact  that  flying  machines  may 
revolutionize  the  art  of  war.    The  strug- 


THE  CONQUEST  OF  THE  AIR 


53 


gle  for  the  supremacy  of  the  air  has  com- 
menced in  earnest.  In  this  struggle  the 
British  empire  has  a  great  deal  at  stake. 
England's  insular  security  is  threatened. 
The  sea  is  no  longer  a  barrier.  Even  in 
the  present  state  of  the  art  a  dirigible  bal- 
loon like  Count  von  Zeppelin's  is  a  greater 
menace  to  London  than  two  German 
navies. 

"An  impression  seems  to  exist  that  a 
general  agreement  was  made  at  the  Hague 
conference  that  explosives  should  not  be 
dropped  from  dirigible  balloons  and  fly- 
ing-machines. As  a  matter  of  fact  this 
proposal  was  made,  but  only  one  first-class 
power  agreed  to  it. 

"Military  authorities  agree  that  flying- 
machines  or  dirigible  balloons  could  oper- 
ate in  almost  perfect  safety  at  the  compar- 
atively low  altitude  of  a  mile  above  the 
ground,  and  from  this  height  could  drop 
explosives  with  great  accuracy. 

"If  this  be  the  case,  London  could  be 
destroyed,  and  the  combined  navies  of  the 
world  could  not  prevent  it.  A  military 
training  is  hardly  necessary  to  see  that 
our  bulwarks  must  be  extended  upwards, 
and  our  aerial  fleet  maintained  at  least 
upon  a  two-power  basis.  A  great  sea- 
faring people  should  never  be  content  to 
see  other  nations  control  the  sea  above  us. 

"However,  apart  from  this  use  in  war- 
fare, flying-machines  will  be  of  inestim- 
able value  for  scouting.     Major  Squier, 


The  proposed  international  forest  re- 
serve, partly  in  Ontario  and  partly  in 
Minnesota,  has  become  a  reality,  and 
an  Order-in-Council,  dated  April  first, 
has  been  issued  by  the  Lieutenant- 
Governor  of  Ontario,  setting  aside  one 
million  acres  in  Ontario,  including 
Hunter's  Island,  in  Rainy  Lake,  as  the 
Ontario  share  of  the  reserve.  The  Order- 
lii-Council  reads  as  under: 

"Upon  consideration  of  the  memoran- 
dum of  the  Deputy  Minister  of  Lands  and 
Forests,  dated  29th  March,  1909,  and  upon 
the  recommendation  of  the  Minister  of 
Lands,  Forests  and  Mines,  the  Committee 
of  Council  advise  that,  under  the  author- 
ity of  'The  Forest  Reserves  Act,'  certain 
territory  in  the  District  of  Rainy  River 
(a  description  of  which  is  annexed  ..o  the 
memorandum  of  the  Deputy  Minister), 


of  the  U.  S.  Signal  Corps,  has  drawn  at- 
tention to  this  fact,  and  pointed  out  two 
striking  examples  which  illustrate  how 
flying-machines  will  be  used  as  the  eyes 
of  the  army. 

"If  the  United  States  army  or  navy  had 
possessed  a  dirigible  balloon  or  a  flying- 
machine  during  the  Spanish  American 
war  the  whereabouts  of  Cervera's  fleet 
would  quickly  have  been  discovered. 

"The  other  example  is  still  more  strik- 
ing: 'The  Japanese  attack  on  203-Meter 
Hill  was  one  of  the  bloodiest  contests  the 
world  has  ever  seen,  yet  the  sole  object 
of  this  great  slaughter  was  to  place  two 
or  three  men  at  its  summit  to  direct  the 
fire  of  the  Japanese  siege  guns  upon  the 
Russian  fleet  in  the  harbor  of  Port  Ar- 
thur.' 

"The  usefulness  of  flying-machines  in 
war  ensures  the  continuous  development 
of  the  art  of  aviation.  The  great  military 
powers  are  afraid  of  the  flying-machine, 
and  the  struggle  to  improve  it  must  there- 
fore go  on.  Self-protection  demands  more 
practical,  more  air-worthy  and  more  effi- 
cient machines. 

"Flight  has  been  accomplished.  The 
flying-machine  is  actually  here,  and  no 
great  nation  can  afford  to  neglect  it." 

We  are  indebted  to  the  courtesy  of  Mr. 
H.  M.  Benner,  photographer,  Hammonds- 
port,  N.  Y.,  for  the  photos  of  which  our  il- 
lustrations are  reproductions. 


outlined  in  red  ink  on  the  accompanying 
map,  be  set  apart  as  a  forest  reserve,  to 
be  known  as  The  Quetico  Forest  Re- 
serve,' it  being  deemed  expedient  that 
in  view  of  the  large  quantity  of  pine  tim- 
ber in  this  territory,  the  lands  therein 
should  be  withdrawn  from  location,  set- 
tlement or  sale,  and  kept  in  a  state  of  na- 
ture as  far  as  that  is  possible,  and  that 
a  staff  should  be  created  under  a  chief 
ranger  to  guard  the  timber  from  destruc- 
tion by  fire  and  to  estimate  and  locate  the 
quantity  of  it." 

The  Minnesota  Legislature  has  set 
aside  a  similar  reserve  on  their  side  of 
the  border,  but  the  reserves  will  be  man- 
aged separately  —  the  Ontario  one  being 
under  the  exclusive  jurisdiction  of  Hie 
Province,  and  officered  solely  by  its  ;wn 
wardens. 


Fish  and  Game  Protection  in  Ontario 


_.Y  THE  REV.  E.  M.  ROWLAND. 


WHEN  I  sent  an  article  to  Rod 
and  Gun  last  February,  dealing 
with  the  above  subject,  I  wrote 
as  a  sportsman  to  brother  sports- 
men, and  hoping  that  by  so  doing  I  would 
succeed  in  getting  some  others  who  know 
the  true  state  of  affairs  in  the  backwoods 
to  speak  out  in  such  manner  that  the  Fish 
and  Game  Protective  Association  and  the 
government  would  be  compelled  to  do 
something  to  remedy  the  present  scanda- 
lous state  of  affairs.  I  did  not  expect 
to  gain  the  sympathy  of  the  game  hogs 
and  pothunters,  or  of  those  who,  for  rea- 
sons of  their  own,  shield  and  encourage 
them;  nor  have  I  been  disappointed  in 
this  expectation.  I  have  been  subjected 
to  a  good  deal  of  abuse  because  of  the 
stand  I  have  taken,  and  because,  living 
as  I  do  amongst  people  who  seem  to  have 
lost  all  sense  of  decency  or  honesty  where 
the  game  laws  are  concerned,  I  have  failed 
to  see  eye  to  eye  with  them  in  this  matter 
and  have  had  the  temerity  to  betray  my 
fellow-citizens  and  violate  what  seems  to 
be  the  unwritten  backwoods  code,  "Hon- 
our among  thieves." 

Well,  I  have  no  wish  to  be  a  traitor,  and 
have  always  tried  to  adapt  myself  to  the 
customs  of  the  people  amongst  whom  I 
live  and  work,  but  unfortunately  (I  sup- 
pose I  must  say),  before  I  took  holy.or- 
ers,  I  had  consorted  a  good  deal  with 
sportsmen  of  the  old  school  — some  of 
them,  I  fear,  also  in  holy  orders  —  who 
carefully  instilled  into  me  certain  princi- 
ples of  sportsmanship  which  I  have  found, 
in  spite  of  strong  influences  brought  to 
bear  on  me,  almost  impossible  to  entirely 
eradicate.  Consequently,  I  always  feel 
queer  qualms  when  I  pot  a  grouse  sitting, 
or  see  others  do  so.  My  gorge  rises  m 
spite  of  me,  when  I  see  commercial  gen- 
tlemen and  others  with  "sporting"  pro- 
clivities carting  off  three  hundred  to  four 
hundred  trout  fry,  ranging  from  three  to 
six  inches  in  length,  to  Toronto  and  other 
noted  centres  of  learning  and  civiliza- 
tion. The  same  vicious  training  un- 
doubtedly   caused    me    to  unnecessar- 


ily interfere  with  the  wholesale  ship 
ping  of  grouse  from  this  and  other 
places,  labelled  "black  duck,"  "but- 
ter," etc.  And  my  recent  indiscretions 
may  be  similarly  accounted  for.  My 
early  training  will  not  down.  But  I  have 
attempted  to  keep  it  under  control. 

I  might  have  given  freer  rein  to  it  many 
times.  I  might  have  done  so  when  I 
wrote  that  article  last  winter.  I  see  Mr. 
Kelcey,  of  Loring,  very  courteously  hints 
that  I  possibly  exaggerated ;  that  I  appear 
to  be  gullible,  and  an  easy  mark  (to  use 
a  Yankeeism).  Well,  I  suppose  I  am  a 
simpleton,  or  I  would  not  have  gone  out 
of  my  way  to  "say"  things,  and  so  incur 
a  certain  amount  of  odium  locally  without 
hope  of  any  personal  profit.  But  I  think 
Mr.  Kelcey  and  others  will  find,  if  they 
refer  to  your  February  number,  that  I  de- 
scribed certain  incidents  and  conditions 
as  being  "susceptible  of  proof."  Gullible 
simpleton  that  I  may  be,  I  know  enough 
to  be  sure  of  my  facts  before  I  bring  such 
serious  charges  against  anybody. 

The  noble  and  valiant  captain  deigns, 
from  his  exalted  eyrie,  to  pour  scorn  on 
me  and  hold  up  my  statements  to  ridi- 
cule. I  really  didn't  consider  it  clever  to 
notice  that  carrion  crows  were  assembled 
round  the  bodies  of  dead  deer.  Surely  a 
military  expert  like  Captain  Kelcey,  with 
his  memories  of  many  a  stricken  field, 
knows  that  "where  the  carcass  is  there 
will  the  eagles  be  gathered  together,"  and 
that  what  my  companions  and  myself 
witnessed  is  perfectly  credible.  But  if 
he  would  like  further  evidence  to  convince 
him  that  deer  were  wantonly  slaughtered 
in  this  way,  and  that  the  cadgers  for  lum- 
ber companies  did  carry  rifles  in  their 
waggons,  I  shall  have  much  pleasure  in 
referring  him  to  W.  Lonsdale,  Esq.,  Gen- 
eral Trusts  &  Guarantee  Corporation, 
Toronto ;  to  his  brother,  John  Lonsdale, 
to  Mr.  Lonsdale,  Sr.,  to  Mr.  Albert  Old- 
field  and  Mr.  Ed.-  Oldfield,.  of  Powassan, 
and  to  Mr.  Thos.  Granberger<  Sr.,  and 
Thos.  Granberger,  Jr.,  of  Restoule,  all  of 
whom  are  in  a  position,  and  ready  to  sup- 


FISH  AND  GAME  PROTECTION  IN  ONTARIO 


55 


port  me  in  what  I  stated.  Perhaps  I  was 
not  sufficiently  succinct  in  my  former  let- 
ter, but  I  was  not  anxious  to  get  people 
into  trouble  by  giving  actual  names  and 
dates,  as  I  could  have  done.  I  simply 
wrote  in  the  interests  of  fish  and  game 
protection,  and  because,  knowing  what 
was  going  on,  I  felt  compelled  to  protest. 
If  anyone  can  show  me  that  I  have  ex- 
aggerated or  that  I  have  maligned  them, 
I  shall  be  only  too  glad  to  apologize  and 
make  any  reparation  in  my  power.  But, 
as  a  matter  of  fact,  I  did  not  tell  a  tithe 
of  what  I  knew. 

The  disregard  of  the  game  laws  in  this 
district  is  a  public  scandal  and  a  crying 
shame.  Next  time  Mr.  Kelcey  prepares 
to  take  up  the  cudgels  on  behalf  of  lum- 
ber companies  I  would  advise  him  to  be 
as  sure  of  his  facts  as  I  was.  Is  the 
noble  and  gallant  captain  aware  of  the 
fact  that  since  I  wrote  my  first  letter,  a 
game  warden,  Mr.  Dan  Blea,  of  South 
River,  has  visited  some  of.  the  camps  and 
seized  scores  of  deerskins  and  a  whole  ar- 
senal of  rifles  —  nearly  enough  indeed  to 
equip  his  company?  As  to  the  men  giv- 
ing evidence,  I  think  the  account  of  the 
proceedings  taken  in  the  Sault  case,  ap- 
pearing in  the  last  number  of  Rod  and 
Gun,  a  sufficient  commentary. 

Further,  I  know  the  man  who  brought 
in  the  seven  deer,  and  can  prove  the  truth 
of  that  statement  if  I  had  to.  I  could 
also  speak  of  a  waggon-load  of  deer  that 
I  met  when  going  in  to  hunt.  I  can  also 
give  the  name  of  a  man  who  openly  boast- 
ed how  he  and  a  companion  went  to  a 
place  not  a  hundred  miles  from  Restoule 
after  the  hunting  season  was  over  and 
had  no  trouble  in  killing  ten  deer  apiece. 
I  have  been  in  a  lumber  camp  myself  on  a 
Sunday  and  was  compelled  to  witness 
the  slaughter  of  a  deer  in  the  lake,  par- 
ticipated in  by  the  foreman  himself,  his 
cook  and  others,  in  the  presence  of  the 
whole  camp — say  two  hundred  witnesses. 
I  could  tell  how  some  noble  sportsmen 
from  Toronto  had  the  trees  round  their 
camp  festooned  with  grouse  last  fall.  I 
could  adduce  a  great  deal  that  would  be, 
I  am  afraid,  unpalatable  reading  to  the 
truth-loving  captain  and  his  sympathiz- 
ers, but  I  don't  feel  justified  in  doing  more 
than  generalizing.    I  am  not  a  game  war- 


den ;  I  am  trying  to  show  that  there  ought 
to  be  a  few  good  wardens  in  this  coun- 
try. Why  Mr.  Kelsey  should  take  the 
position  he  does  is  hard  to  conceive.  I 
have  spent  the  last  fifteen  years  or  so  in 
the  backwoods  and  I  have  been  in  hun- 
dreds of  settlers'  houses.  I  can't  honest- 
ly think  of  more  than  one  or  two  that 
didn't  contain  a  gun  of  some  sort  —  usu- 
ally two  or  three.  I  have,  before  sitting 
down  to  pen  this  letter,  brought  Mr.  Kel- 
cey's  statement  as  to  the  paucity  of  rifles 
before  men  who  know  this  district  thor- 
oughly, and  they  all  agree  that  ninety  per 
cent,  of  the  settlers  have  rifles,  and  know 
how  to  use  them,  too. 

I  have  gone  into  stores  and  seen  otter 
and  beaver  pelts  hanging  openly  in  the 
offices.  It  is  well  known  that  beaver  are 
constantly  being  trapped  round  this  coun- 
try, and  especially  on  the  confines  (and, 
indeed,  within  them)  of  the  Algonquin 
Park. 

The  deer  are  not  more  numerous ;  they 
are  simply  being  herded  into  the  country 
south  of  Lake  Nipissing  by  the  encroach- 
ing railways  and  settlements.  It  is  their 
last  stronghold  and  they  should  be  given 
some  measure  of  protection  there.  The 
dogs  will  have  to  go,  not  so  much  because 
the  hunters  abuse  the  privilege  of  using 
them,  but  because,  as  long  as  they  are 
allowed,  every  settler  keeps  one  or  two 
dogs  who  harry  the  deer  in  season  and 
out  of  season.  I  have  hunted  with  dogs 
myself,  and  have  enjoyed  it,  but  I  would 
be  willing  to  sacrifice  my  predilection  for 
the  sake  of  all,  and  I  am  sure  that  there 
are  other  good  sportsmen  who  will  gladly 
do  likewise  when  they  become  seized  of 
the  true  conditions.  It  is  encouraging  to 
receive  some  measure  of  endorsation  from 
sportsmen  like  Major  Hendrie  and  Mr. 
Pratt.  The  latter  gentleman  writes  very 
much  to  the  point  indeed.  What  he  says 
has  the  true  sportsman's  ring  about  it. 
He  has  evidently  had  a  great  deal  of  ex- 
perience and  knows  what  he  is  talking 
about.  I  hope  he  will  go  further  into 
the  matter.  I  would  like  to  take  this  op- 
portunity of  apologizing  to  Major  Hen- 
drie and  his  fellow-associates  of  the  Fish 
and  Game  Protective  Association  for 
somewhat  harsh  criticism  of  their  atti- 
tude.    I  wrote  to  Mr.  Galna,  our  local 


56 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


member,  calling  his  attention  to  Major 
Hendrie's  assertion  that  the  Northern 
members  blocked  every  reform  and  pro- 
gressive step  suggested  by  the  association 
in  the  matter  of  the  game  laws,  and  in- 
vited him  to  contradict  the  Major's  asser- 
tion in  the  Legislature.  He  never  took 
any  notice  of  my  communication.  The 
inference  is  obvious. 

What  is  the  use  of  trying  to  educate  the 
people  to  respect  the  game  laws,  or  any 
other  laws,  when  the  lawmakers  them- 
selves are  so  lawless?  No  wonder  the 
people  show  themselves  absolutely  selfish 
and  wanting  in  principle  when  those  who 
are  set  in  high  places  set  them  so  bad  an 
example.  The  slogan  of  this  age  seems 
to  be,  "Me  first,  and  the  devil  take  the 
hindmost."  Men  go  into  politics,  not  for 
the  honour  of  serving  their  country,  but 
to  serve  themselves  and  their  own  pock- 
ets. Public  life  is  venal  and  corrupt,  laws 
are  only  enforced  where  no  votes  will  be 
endangered  and  the  party  heelers  who,  as 
Mr.  Pratt  says,  in  the  majority  of  cases 

The  Views  of 

THE  annual  meeting  of  the  Belleville 
and  Quinte  District  branch  of  the 
Ontario  Forest,  Fish  and  Game 
Protective  Association  was  held  on 
Saturday  evening,  April  10th,  at  the  offices 
of  Col.  Ponton.  A  good  number  were 
present  and  much  interest  was  expressed. 
President  Stork  was  in  the  chair.  The 
following  resolutions  were  endorsed : 

Moved  by  Thos.  Ritchie,  seconded  by 
Col.  Ponton,  "That  we  oppose  the  project 
of  setting  aside  any  portion  of  Hay  Bay 
or  any  other  part  of  the  public  lands  or 
waters  of  this  Province,  as  private  game 
preserves,  as  we  believe  it  would  have  a 
tendency  to  prevent  tourists  visiting  us, 
and  in  many  ways  be  an  injury  to. the 
rights  of  the  general  public." 

Moved  by  Thos.  Ketcheson,  seconded 
by  D.  R.  Leavens,  "That  this  association 
strongly  oppose  the  opening  up  of  these 
waters  of  the  Bay  of  Quinte  and  Weller's 
Bay  that  are  now  closed  to  gill  netting,  as 
we  believe  that,  in  addition  to  game  fish, 
large  numbers  of  ducks  are  usually  caught 
by  gill  nets  in  these  waters." 

Moved  by  James  Knox,  seconded  by 


hold  such  minor  offices  as  that  of  game 
warden,  assiduously  follow  in  the  foot- 
steps of  their  superior  jacks-in-office,  with 
the  result  that  they  never  interfere  with 
law-breakers  unless  they  can  plainly  "see 
something  in  it  for  themselves." 

Mr.  Kelcey,  who  keeps  a  general  store 
at  Loring,  says  he  has  not  been  offered 
otter  skins  lately,  but  he  does  not  go  so 
far  about  beaver.  Hinc  illae  lachrymae. 
If,  however,  the  game  laws  are  better  ob- 
served around  Loring  than  they  are  in 
other  districts,  I  am  exceedingly  glad  to 
hear  it,  but  from  a  few  observations 
dropped  by  some  gentlemen  from  this 
place,  who  hunt  annually  in  that  neigh- 
borhood, I  have  my  doubts  —  serious 
doubts. 

Meanwhile,  I  am  pleased  that  I  have 
succeeded  in  arousing  some  interest  in  the 
matter  of  game  preservation,  and  earnest- 
ly hope  that  something  will  soon  be  done 
to  check  the  wanton  waste  that  is  going 
on  in  the  natural  game  preserves  of  this 
Province. 

i  Active  Branch 

Col.  Ponton,  "That,  as  wolves  are  evident- 
ly on  the  increase  in  North  Hastings,  we 
believe  a  higher  bounty  on  these  animals, 
to  be  paid  either  by  Province  or  county, 
would  result  in  professional  hunters  going 
after  these  animals,  as  with  the  present 
bounty,  these  men  claim  that  it  does  not 
pay  them  to  hunt  wolves." 

Moved  by  Dr.  Farley,  seconded  by  Dr. 
Clinton,  "That  the  attention  of  the  Minis- 
ter of  Marine  and  Fisheries  be  called  to 
the  matter  of  proper  fishways  being  pro- 
vided in  all  the  dams  now  being  construct- 
ed along  the  Trent  Valley  Canal,  as  unless 
this  is  done  it  will  be  impossible  for  fish 
to  ascend  such  dams." 

Moved  by  Joseph  Templeton,  seconded 
by  Col.  Ponton,  "That  this  association 
strongly  protest  against  any  extension  of 
the  season  for  net  fishing,  especially  in 
the  spring,  when  nearly  all  varieties  of 
food  and  game  fish  are  spawning,  in  the 
Bay  of  Quinte  and  its  tributary  waters. 
That,  preceding  .a  thorough  investigation 
into  the  whole  subject  by  Prof.  Prince  or 
some  other  recognized  authority  on  fish 
culture  and  habits,  that  the  number  of  net 


FISH  AND  GAME  PROTECTION  IN  ONTARIO 


57 


licenses  be  not  increased,  but  rather  cur- 
tailed, and  that  a  stricter  examination  of 
all  shipments  of  fish  to  the  United  States 
be  made." 

Moved  by  Dr.  Clinton,  seconded  by 
James  Knox,  "That  this  association  heart- 
ily commend  Capt.  Alfred  Hunter  for  the 
efforts  he  has  made  during  the  past  year 
to  enforce  the  fish  and  game  laws,  and 
bring  offenders  to  justice.  Mr.  George 
Boulter  also,  during  the  short  time  he  was 
in  the  service,  deserves  praise." 

Mr.  Ritchie  and  Col.  Ponton  were  au- 
thorized to  draw  up  and  forward  to  the 
department  a  resolution  in  regard  to  the 
necessity  of  a  change  from  the  present 
system  of  local  game  wardens  to  a  system 
of  detectives. 

The  following  officers  were  elected  for 

BY  DAVID  S. 

THE  controversy  in  the  magazine  re 
the  game  protection  in  Ontario  in- 
terests me  greatly.     Although  I 
am  away  from  the  East  the  greater 
part  of  my  time,  I  usually  manage  to  put 
in  some  time  each  year  in  my  home  town, 
Toronto. 

I  surely  would  like  to  see  the  protec- 
tion of  game,  fish,  birds  and  beasts,  push- 
ed to  the  limit.  We  have  in  Ontario  the 
finest  country  for  game  in  Canada. 

Any  sportsman  who  wilfully  shoots 
game  out  of  season,  or  takes  more 
than  a  legitimate  bag,  is  not  worthy  of 
the  name.  But  it  is  not  usually  the  so- 
called  "sport"  who  breaks  our  game  laws. 
It  is  a  peculiar  species  of  man  called  the 
"game  hog."  He  is  the  man  who  catches 
five  or  six  large  salmon,  because  they  are 
biting  good,  eats  half  of  one  and  throws 
the  rest  away  to  rot.  He  kills  a  deer 
to  see  how  his  rifle  shoots,  or  to  try  the 
penetration  of  a  new  "load."   Such  a  man, 


1909: 

Honorary  President — J.  W.  Pearce,  M. 
P.  P.,  Marmora. 

Honorary  Vice-Presidents— Sir  Mack- 
enzie Bowell,  E.  G.  Porter,  M.  P.,  Sheriff 
Morrison,  J.  W.  Johnson,  M.  P.  P. 

President — Thomas  Ritchie. 

First  Vice-President — Col.  Ponton. 

Second  Vice-President  —  H.  A.  Yeo- 
mans,  M.  D. 

Treasurer — James  Knox. 

Corresponding  Secretary — Joseph  Tem- 
pleton. 

Recording  Secretary — Raymond  Zufelt. 

Executive  Committee — Messrs.  T.  Ket- 
cheson,  C.  E.  Bishop,  A.  A.  Bongard,  Dr. 
Farley,  J.  H.  Mills,  Dr.  Clinton. 

Auditors — J.  H.  McKinley  and  D.  R. 
Leavens. 

WILLIAMS. 

if  he  can  be  called  such,  should  be  put  in 
jail  without  the  liberty  of  paying  a  fine. 

Our  game  animals  are  perfectly  harm- 
less to  either  life  or  property.  It  is  up  to 
every  man  to  see  that  these  creatures  are 
at  least  given  the  little  liberty  the  close 
season  allows  them,  and  to  protect  them 
from  useless  slaughter  in  the  open  season. 

Do  not  think  for  one  moment  that  I  am 
talking  against  true  sport.  I  try  each  sea- 
son to  get  away  to  the  woods  and  enjoy 
myself,  as  only  a  lover  of  nature  can.  I 
find  plenty  of  sport  catching  enough  fish 
to  eat,  in  the  summer,  without  being  a 
fish  hog.  The  same  applies  in  the  fall 
shooting  season.  I  merely  want  to  see, 
that  not  only  at  present,  but  in  the  future 
years,  we  can  go  away  from  our  city  jobs, 
get  out  into  God's  sunshine,  and  be  rea- 
sonably sure  of  a  little  fun,  fishing  or 
shooting. 

I  hope  the  magazine  will  always  stand 
for  the  protection  of  our  game,  not  only 
in  Ontario,  but  throughout  Canada. 


Miss  Agnes  Deans  Cameron,  the  well- 
known  woman  explorer  and  writer,  was 
entertained  to  a  banquet  on  April  27th 
by  the  members  of  the  Toronto  Women's 
Suffrage  Association.  In  reply  to  the 
toast  of  her  health,  Miss  Cameron  gave 
a  most  interesting  address,  making  rapid 
word  pictures  of  her  native  Vancouver 


Island,  her  trip  up  the  Mackenzie  river, 
the  wheat  lands  of  the  Peace  river,  Sir 
Alexander  Mackenzie's  journey  in  1798, 
the  Esquimaux,  American  whaling  enter- 
prise, and  that  "melting  pot  of  the  na- 
tions," the  Canadian  West,  closing  with 
the  need  of  an  "exalted  patriotism"  if 
Canada  is  to  take  her  rightful  place  in 
nationhood. 


Fish  and  Game  Protection  in  Nova  Scotia 


Report  of  the  Chief  Commissioner 


THE  report  of  the  Chief  Game  Com- 
missioner of  Nova  Scotia,  Mr.  J.  A. 
Knight,  for  the  time  elapsing  be- 
tween April  16th  last,  the  date 
upon  which  the  new  Game  Act  came  into 
force,  and  October,  presented  in  the  Leg- 
islature, has  been  issued  as  a  government 
publication. 

In  opening  the  report  Mr.  Knight 
briefly  reviews  the  history  of  game  pro- 
tection in  Nova  Scotia.  The  first  of  such 
legislation  appears  to  have  been  passed 
in  1794,  providing  a  close  season  for  part- 
ridge and  blue-winged  ducks,  and  in  1816 
a  close  season  being  provided  for  snipe 
and  woodcock.  The  Revised  Statutes  in 
1851  gave  the  sessions  authority  to  make 
regulations  respecting  the  snaring  of 
moose  and  season  for  killing  the  same. 
In  1853  the  Game  and  Inland  Fishery 
Protection  Society  of  Nova  Scotia  was  or- 
ganized. This  is  the  oldest  existing  game 
society  in  Canada,  and  with  one  exception 
the  oldest  in  America.  More  recently, 
and  up  to  the  date  of  passing  the  Game 
Act  last  session,  it  was  intrusted  with  the 
disbursement  of  the  greater  part  of  the 
revenue  derived  from  the  sale  of  game 
licenses,  and  in  co-operation  with  the 
Chief  Game  Commissioner,  looked  'after 
the  enforcement  of  the  game  laws. 

Between  1851  and  1873  protection  was 
extended  to  caribou  and  hares,  otter,  mink 
and  other  fur-bearing  animals  ;  also  small 
birds.  In  1874  a  year's  close  season  for 
moose  was  imposed  and  provision  was 
made  for  the  appointment  of  commission- 
ers and  wardens,  who  had  power  to  ap- 
point deputies.  In  1875  it  was  provided 
that  in  certain  cases  a  share  of  the  fines 
should  be  paid  to  the  Game  Society,  and 
an  end  was  put  to  hunting  moose  or  cari- 
bou with  dogs.  Provision  was  also  made 
for  the  appointment  of  a  Chief  Game 
Commissioner  to  instruct  and  supervise 
the  district  commissioners  and  wardens. 
In  1877  a  license  was  provided  for  non- 


resident hunters  and  in  1894-a  three-year 
close  season  for  cow  moose  was  imposed, 
but  it  was  repealed  in  1896.  The  close 
season  for  moose  in  Cape  Breton  imposed 
in  1896  has  been  extended  until  1915,  and 
in  the  case  of  caribou  there  is  a  close  sea- 
son until  1915  throughout  the  Province. 
Various  changes,  chiefly  in  the  direction 
of  stricter  protection,  were  made  between 
1896  and  1907.  For  three  years  from 
1898  there  was  a  close  season  for  part- 
ridge, and  since  1905  the  open  season  for 
moose  has  been  shortened  from  three  and 
a  half  months  to  two,  and  the  number  of 
moose  allowed  to  each  hunter  reduced  to 
one.  Last  year  the  game  laws  were  con- 
solidated and  some  important  changes 
made,  particularly  in  the  matter  of  admin- 
istration, provision  being  made  for  the 
appointment  of  a  board  of  game  commis- 
sioners, consisting  of  the  Chief  Commis- 
sioner and  two  associates.  Reference  is 
made  to  the  late  C.  S.  Harrington,  Q.  C, 
who  was  the  first  game  commissioner, 
and  to  George  Piers,  for  many  years  sec- 
retary of  the  Game  Society,  both  of  whom 
were  chiefly  instrumental  in  preserving 
the  game  of  the  Province.  Reference  is 
also  made  to  the  organization  of  the  Peo- 
ple's Fish  and  Game  Protection  Associa- 
tion. 

Mr.  Knight  says  the  number  of  moose 
reported  by  hunters  was  486,  to  which 
must  be  added  fifty  reported  by  wardens 
after  the  close  of  the  season.  Making 
allowance  for  those  killed  in  and  out  of 
season,  probably  700  would  be  too  small 
an  estimate  for  the  fall  and  winter  of 
1907-08.  Says  the  Game  Commissioner 
regarding  the  question  whether  moose  in 
Nova  Scotia  are  increasing  or  decreasing  : 

"From  reports  of  wardens  and  informa- 
tion received  from  other  sources,  I  am  in- 
clined to  think  that  the  number  killed  dur- 
ing the  last  year  would  quite  equal,"  if  not 
exceed,  the  natural  increases  However 
that  may  be,  there  is  certainly  a  constant 


FISH  AND  GAME  PROTECTION  IN  NOVA  SCOTIA 


59 


increase  in  the  number  of  hunters,  which 
must  be  taken  into  account  in  providing 
for  the  protection  of  our  game.  Various 
suggestions  are  made  in  the  way  of  fur- 
ther restriction.  Some  ask  to  have  the 
sale  of  moose  meat  prohibited,  others  de- 
sire a  close  season  on  cows,  others  again 
would  shorten  the  open  season  to  six 
weeks,  or  even  a  month.  Whether  the 
adoption  of  any  or  all  of  these  measures 
may  be  necessary  in  the  near  future  de- 
pends to  some  extent  upon  the  degree 
of  efficiency  with  which  the  law  is  en- 
forced. All  is  being  done  that  the  rev- 
enue available  will  admit.  With  a  suffi- 
cient number  of  officers  employed  for  a 
sufficient  length  of  time  to  practically 
put  a  stop  to  the  illegal  killing  of  moose, 
in  and  out  of  season,  we  could  afford  to 
allow  the  honest  hunter  more  scope.  En- 
couraging reports  have  been  received  of 
the  increase  of  moose  on  the  island  of 
Cape  Breton. 

"There  are  still  a  few  caribou  in  the 
western  part  of  the  Province,  and  a  small 
herd  has  been  reported  from  Guysboro 
county.  Except  on  the  island  of  Cape 
Breton,  however,  the  prospect  for  in- 
crease of  this  fine  animal  within  our  bor- 
ders does  not  seem  bright.  Notwith- 
standing that  there  has  been  a  close  sea- 
son for  some  years,  the  number  appears 
to  decrease  rather  than  increase.  The  car- 
ibou is  to  some  extent  a  migratory  ani- 
mal, and  it  is  probable  that  in  search  of 
better  feeding  grounds,  or  for  some  other 
reason,  they  have  been  leaving  the  Prov- 
ince. ,  Conditions  in  Cape  Breton  are 
more  encouraging.  In  the  northern  parts 
of  Inverness  and  Victoria  counties  the 
caribou  have  been  increasing  somewhat 
rapidly  for  several  years,  and  are  now 
seen  in  large  numbers.  Many  are  now 
asking  for  . an  open  season  of  one  month 
for  those  counties,  with  a  limit  of  one  bull 
to  each  hunter. 

"It  seems  probable  that,  as  far  as  the 
mainland  of  the  Province  is  concerned, 
the  red  deer  will,  to  a  great  extent  at  least, 
take  the  place  of  the  caribou.  Reports  in- 
dicate that  the  deer  are  spreading 
throughout  the  Province,  and  increasing 
at  a  very  satisfactory  rate.  There  is  a 
close  season  until  1912.    If  the  deer  con- 


tinue to  increase  at  the  present  rate  it 
may  be  possible  by  that  time  to  have  an 
open  season  for  them. 

Three  years  ago  hares  were  unusually 
plentiful,  a  condition  which,  if  not  the 
cause,  was  the  forerunner  of  a  disease 
which  greatly  thinned  their  numbers. 
The  last  two  seasons  they  have  been 
scarce.  There  have  been  reports  this 
year  of  an  increase  in  some  districts,  but 
they  are  still  far  from  plentiful. 

"Reports  from  different  parts  of  the 
Province  indicate  a  considerable  increase 
in  the  number  of  partridges  (ruffed 
grouse).  The  shortening  of  the  open  sea- 
son has  no  doubt  saved  a  great  many. 
Woodcock  and  snipe,  being  migratory 
birds,  not  much  can  be  done  for  their 
production.  There  were  some  reports  of 
woodcock  being  less  plentiful  than  the 
previous  year.  Ducks  were  reported 
about  as  numerous  as  usual.  It  has  been 
suggested  that  shore  birds  leave  the  Prov- 
ince before  September  1st,  when  the 
shooting  season  opens,  and  that  an  earlier 
open  season  be  provided. 

"Otter  and  mink  are  reported  to  be  de- 
creasing in  numbers.  The  otter  has  not 
been  protected  of  late  years,  owing  to 
complaints  of  it  being  a  great  destroyer 
of  fish.  It  is  a  question,  however,  if  there 
should  not  be  a  close  season  for  it  during 
part  of  the  year,  as  in  the  case  of  mink. 

"Beaver  are  protected  throughout  the 
year.  A  few  years  ago  they  were  thought 
to  be  exterminated,  but  the  last  two  years 
colonies  of  them  have  been  heard  of  in 
different  parts  of  the  Province.  Bears, 
foxes,  wild  cats,  raccoons,  etc.,  are  not 
protected,  but  Mr.  Knight  thinks  it  would 
be  advisable  to  prohibit  hunting  them 
with  dogs  after  February  1st,  as  the  dogs 
are  liable  to  chase  moose  when  the  fe- 
males are  with  young. 

There  are  fifty  wardens  throughout  the 
Province,  and  others  will  be  appointed 
where  most  needed. 

The  fees  received  during  the  season 
amounted  to  $424.50,  as  follows : 

100  guide  licenses  $200.00 

7  non-resident  licenses    100.50 

5  bird  licenses    25.00 


Physical  Culture 


Constipation — Intricacies  in  Exercises — Big  Muscles 

NO.  VII. 

BY  FRANK  E.  DORCHESTER,  N.S.P.E. 


THE  more  I  study  persons,  their  ail- 
ments or  their  habits,  the  more 
convinced  I  am  that  exercise,  sci- 
entifically adjusted,  is  absolutely 
essential  —  not  to  a  few,  but  to  all.  Just 
as  mental  culture,  commonly  called  edu- 
cation, is  considered  the  principal  thing 
to  fit  us  for  the  battle  of  life,  so  I  become 
more  convinced  that  it  is  not  half  com- 
plete unless  the  physical  side  is  taken 
into  consideration.  In  fact,  it  is  not  ed- 
ucation in  its  true  sense.  Education  is 
the  culture  of  the  mind  and  the  body,  and 
personally  I  believe  the  body  should  first 
be  trained,  so  that  the  mind  shall  be  un- 
hampered ;  nay,  more,  assisted  in  its 
growth  and  absorption  of  things  intel- 
lectual, through  the  proper  nourishment 
of  the  brain,  receiving  such  nourishment 
from  the  healthy  organs  of  a  healthy 
body. 

With  the  ancient  Greeks,  the  order  of 
education  was  physique  first,  mind  next. 
The  Romans  characterized  their  idea  of 
the  subject  under  the  phrase,  "Mens  sana 
in  corpore  sano" —  A  sound  mind  in  a 
sound  body. 

I  have  already  stated  that  the  observ- 
ant man  must  find  food  for  reflection,  if 
he  notes  the  beauty  of  developed  muscle, 
and  asks  himself  if  those  muscles  were 
given  for  a  purpose  or  not. 

Health  depends  on  the  exercise  of  the 
muscles ;  these  in  their  activity  will  keep 
the  organs  healthy,  exercise  causing  them 
to  perform  their  functions  and  enabling 
them  to  nourish,  carry  ofT  impurities,  and 
the  many  other  duties  which  have  to  be 
carried  out  for  healthy  existence. 

Constipation  seems  to  be  a  prolific 
cause  of  trouble  with  a  fair  majority  of 
persons,  and  at  some  time  or  another  few 
escape  altogether  from  this  complaint. 
Then  indigestion  is  quite  common  nowa- 
days. 

I  am  giving  two  exercises  which,  in 
conjunction  with  those  given  in  the  April 


number  of  Rod  and  Gun,  will  do  much 
to  relieve  these  two  complaints.  I  must, 
however,  warn  the  readers,  that  it  is  al- 
ways best  to  make  your  exercise  general 
rather  than  local,  i.  e.,  to  exercise  the 
whole  body  rather  than  parts  only,  as  by 
working  certain  sets  of  muscles  only 
causes  the  pull  on  these  muscles  to  be 
too  strong  for  the  unused  muscles,  there- 
by causing  slowness  and  lack  of  nourish- 
ment to  those  parts  unused. 

The  use  of  local  exercises  would  be 
good  until  trouble  is  relieved  somewhat, 
then  the  exercise  of  all  the  muscles  will 
keep  you  right.  By  exercise,  I  mean  the 
full  contraction  and  extension  of  all  mus- 
cles. 

Certain  complaint  from  readers  desir- 
ous of  taking  up  my  mail  course  has  in- 
duced me  to  inform  other  readers  that  in- 
tricate exercises  are  more  or  less  useless. 
One  reader  wrote  that  he  wanted  my 
course,  but  felt  a  little  afraid  it  might  be 
intricate,  therefore  burdensome.  He  had 
taken  other  courses  from  so-called  ex- 
perts, but  had  never  started  on  them  ow- 
ing to  the  intricacy  of  the  movements 
given.  Some  experts  ( ?)  seem  to  think 
that  by  giving  very  intricate  and  pretty 
movements,  the  pupil  will  believe  that 
the  expert  must  be  a  clever  one. 

Intricate  movements  fail  badly  in  many 
ways,  the  first  and  foremost  being  that 
not  only  are  they  burdensome,  but  what 
is  worse,  should  the  pupil  have  the  cour- 
age to  do  them,  he  gains  little  for  his 
wasted  time,  for  whilst  trying  to  get  the 
movements  right,  his  mind  is  too  taken 
up  to  be  able  to  concentrate  on  the  mus- 
cles used,  and  concentration,  or  mind  con- 
trol, is  everything  to  the  pupil  desirous  of 
getting  muscle  strength. 

Simple  movements  allow  this.  The 
mind  should  so '  concentrate  on  the  mus- 
cles that  each  is  fully  contracted  and  fully 
extended  in  turn.  Twenty  minutes  daily 
of  such  exercise  will  do  three  times  as 


PHYSICAL  CULTURE 


61 


much  good  as  several  hours  of  intricate 
movements. 

I  have  no  special  desire  to  act  as  a 
general  critic  to  physical  experts  or  writ- 
ers, but  I  feel  it  a  duty  to  disabuse  readers 
who  have  received  wrong  impressions 
from  other  people.  In  a  late  number  of  a 
magazine  a  reader  asks,  "What  is  muscle 
binding?"  To  which  the  answer  given 
was  something  like  the  following,  "Mus- 
cle binding  is  usually  the  condition  of 
those  who  have  larger  muscles  than  the 
ordinary.  Weight-lifters  are  usually 
muscle-bound,  but  if  you  use  light  bells 
you  will  not  become  muscle-bound."  It 
is  necessary  to  say  that  this  view  is  wrong 
in  every  particular  as  put. 

A  man  of  large  muscles,  if  properly  de- 
veloped, should  never  be  muscle-bound ; 
indeed,  according  to  physiological  law,  he 
should  be  quicker  and  more  springy  than 
other  people. 

Weight-lifting,  if  done  properly,  i.  e.,  I 
mean  by  lifting  so  that  all  muscles  get  a 
share  of  the  work,  should  build  but  not 
bind.  As  to  light  bells,  persons  can  be- 
come muscle-bound  by  using  them. 

In  the.  first  case,  if  the  muscles  are 
healthy  and  receive  so  much  nourishment 
that  they  become  bigger  than  ordinary,  so 
the  nerves  should  share  in  an  equal  de- 
gree in  this  benefit.  The  fitter  the  nerves 
(message  carriers)  to  take  orders  and 
bring  back  answers,  the  quicker  muscle 
must  respond  to  the  brain.  This  is  a 
physiological  law. 

If,  however,  the  one  muscle  is  devel- 
open  at  the  expense  of  another,  then  nat- 
urally slowness  or  binding  follows,  and 
this  may  happen  by  the  use  of  light  bells. 
As  an  instance  take  the  arm.  If  one,  in 
his  anxiety  to  raise  a  big  bicep  (front  of 
arm)  developed  this  at  the  expense  of  the 
tricep  (back  of  arm),  the  bicep  would 
gradually  become  semi-contracted,  even 
when  not  in  use,  simply  because  the  tri- 
cep being  weak  from  insufficient  use,  has 
not  the  power  to  give  the  necessary  coun- 
teracting pull  needed  to  keep  the  arm 
straight  and  the  bicep  extended.  In  oth- 
er words,  the  pull  of  the  biceps  is  too 
strong  for  the  triceps.  The  moral  is  — 
never  develop  one  muscle  at  the  expense 
of  another,  especially  a  flexor  at  the  ex- 
pense of  an  extensor,  as  the  equal  pull  is 


necessary  to  keep  the  limb  straight  and 
easy  in  action.  Without  use  a  muscle 
will  atrophy. 

The  equal  development  means  then,  the 
brain  sends  down  a  message  and  at  the 
same  time  orders  the  nerves  to  place  cer- 
tain force  on  one  muscle  (force  can  be 
called  weight).  So  equally  balanced  are 
the  opposing  muscles  that,  like  well-made 
scales,  this  force  causes  the  muscle  assist- 
ed to  flash  up  in  just  the  quickness  and 
strength  ordered,  this  weight  .of  nerve 
force  being  all  that  was  needed  to  turn 
the  balance  in  the  required  direction.  The 
better  the  balance,  and  the  nerves,  the 
better  and  quicker  the  action,  so  that  it  is 
not  so  much  a  question  of  size  as  of  bal- 
ance. On  the  other  hand,  big  scales  will 
carry  greater  amount  of  weight;  muscles 
are  the  same.  The  bigger  the  muscle,  if 
well  balanced,  the  better  it  should  be,  as 
it  will  not  only  answer  as  quickly  as 
small  ones,  but  will  carry  a  greater  weight 
in  as  quick  time.  However,  even  big 
scales  will  go  out  of  order  or  be  badly 
balanced,  i.  e.,  lop-sided,  therefore  slow 
working. 

Just  as  big  scales  can  be  wrong,  so  are 
some  big-muscled  men  muscle-bound,  but 
I  have  seen  far  more  rather  small-muscled 
men  muscle-bound,  especially  in  factories, 
where  the  men  have  had  to  do  a  form  of 
labor  entailing  the  frequent  use  of  one 
set  of  muscles,  and  but  little  use  of  others. 

It  is  more  common  to  find  the  bicep 
muscle-bound,  as  laborers  or  artisans 
often  use  this  muscle  more  than  the  tri- 
cep. I  have  seen  this  in  foundries,  where 
men  carry  heavy  objects,  using  the  biceps 
but  seldom  having  any  work  bringing  in 
the  triceps. 

As  to  weight-lifting.  I  can  mention  a 
large  number  of  famous  weight-lifters 
who  are  anything  but  muscle-bound ;  in- 
deed, weight-lifting,  in  some  forms,  en- 
tails great  quickness  of  body,  limbs  and 
eyes.  Sandow  can  vault  into  a  horse's 
saddle  without  using  stirrups.  Haecken- 
schmidt,  who  holds  many  records,  is  as 
quick  as  a  panther.  Apollo  (Wm.  Ban- 
kier),  of  Scotland,  somersaults  over  chairs, 
with  a  half  hundredweight  in  each  hand. 
The  muscles  of  these  men  are  enormous, 
but  equally  developed. 

Physical  culture  of  today  is  so  scienti- 


62 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


fic  that  our  weight-lighting,  wrestling  or 
boxing  champions  and  others  are  twice 
the  men  produced  twenty-five  years  ago. 
Bigger  in  muscle  and  better  on  science, 
and  far  quicker.  Such  men  as  already 
mentioned,  also  Eberle,  Cyganiwietz,  Pa- 
dontay,  Gotch,  Jeffries,  were  unknown  a 
quarter  of  a  century  ago. 

Our  fathers  thought  a  chest  measure- 
ment of  forty-two  inches  and  an  arm  of  fif- 
teen and  a  half  inches  enormous.  The 
men  I  have  mentioned  average  eighteen 
inches  in  the  arms  and  forty-eight  inches 
in  the  chest,  Jeffries  being  sixteen  inches 
in  arms  and  forty-four  inches  of  chest, 
whilst  Cyganiwietz  is  fifty-eight  inches 
in  the  chest  and  twenty-two  inches  in  the 
arms.  Sandow,  Hackenschmidt,  Saxon, 
are  all  about  eighteen  or  nineteen  in  the 
arms,  and  from  forty-eight  to  fifty-two 
inches  in  the  chest,  yet  so  beautifully  pro- 
portioned are  they  that  the  last  three,  are 
at  least  twelve  or  fourteen  inches  less  in 
the  waist. 

The  weight-lifting  records,  wrestling, 
etc.,  are  such  as  were  undreamt  of  years 
ago.  Many  supposed  mythological  Greek 
records  have  been  broken,  and  only  lately 
a  cyclist  in  England  did  over  sixty  miles 
under  the  hour.  He  is  splendidly  mus- 
cled.    Boxers    nowadays    are    in  some 


cases  lighter,  but  they  are  bigger-muscled 
than  of  yore,,  and  certainly  more  scientific 
and  quicker.  So  much  for  muscle-bound 
big  muscles. 

These  men,  trained  on  such  principles 
as  I  believe  in  and  teach,  and  none  of 
these  are  muscle-bound. 

The  reader  can  place  full  reliance  in 
what  I've  written  in  these  articles,  and 
you  should  always  try  and  get  good  in- 
structors if  they  are  in  your  town.  If  you 
have  followed  these  articles  you  should  be 
pretty  well  able  to  judge  a  good  or  bad  in- 
structor. Be  wary  of  young  fellows  who 
pose  as  experts  on  the  strength  of  a  fair 
display  of  muscle  or  of  having  undergone 
a  short  course  of  instruction.  An  expert 
must  be  experienced  as  a  theorist,  in  prac- 
tice, and  as  a  judge  of  persons  or  their  re- 
quirements. Physiology  is  absolutely 
necessary  to  an  instructor.  Choose  good 
instructors,  and  so  save  wasting  your 
money.  For  the  same  reason  care  should 
be  taken  in  selecting  systems. 

Quite  recently  a  friend  of  mine  as  good 
as  said  I  was  a  fool  for  giving  so  much 
actual  information  with  regard  to  physical 
culture.  I  have,  however,  a  duty  to  per- 
form to  myself,  the  reader,  and  especially 
Rod  and  Gun,  the  publisher  of  which  in 
asking  for  these  articles,  took  into  ac- 
count my  standing  as  an  authority,  and 
requested  the  truth.  So  many  experts 
give  information  not  necessarily  the 
truth,  but  the  kind  of  information  most 
suitable  to  advance  their  own  system.  In 
writing  these  articles  I  have  considered 
nothing  but  what  will  be  of  most  benefit 
to  the  reader,  and  although  I  follow  out 
in  my  system  the  precepts  given  in  these 
articles,  it  is  because  I  believe  and  know 
the  accuracy  of  each  statement. 

Now,  although  my  system  as  it  is  now, 
is  a  light  system,  calculated  to  bring  out 
the  very  highest  results,  yet  I  know  that 
after  a  pupil  has  fully  developed,  a  course 
of  weights  properly  arranged  will  add 
strength,  and  often  even  more  muscle. 
For  this  reason  I  am  perfecting  an  ad- 
vanced course  of  weights  for  advanced  pu- 
pils, but  I  warn  half-developed  men  from 
attempting  weights  until  the  body  is  fitted 
for  it  in  every  way.  Light  work  will  al- 
ways give  a  grand  muscular  physique,  if 
done  as  I  have  told  you ;  bur*  if  followed 


PHYSICAL  CULTURE 


63 


out  in  the  aimless  manner  some  persons 
teach,  nothing  really  valuable  will  result. 
Nine  out  of  ten  persons  will  prefer  light 
work  properly  arranged. 

The  only  real  reason  for  using  weights 
is  that  some  pupils  like  to  be  able  to  han- 
dle a  big  weight  scientifically.  It  is  not 
absolutely  necessary.  At  the  same  time, 
no  one  can  deny  that  this  ability  is  very 
nice  to  possess.  However,  never  attempt 
it  without  development  and  good  instruc- 
tion. 

The  two  exercises  promised  in  the  be- 
ginning of  this  article  are  the  following: 

Lay  on  back;  place  feet  under  some 
heavy  object;  now  without  jerk  or  swing 
come  up  to  the  sitting  position,  carrying 
head  well  towards  toes ;  return  to  pros- 
trate position  slowly ;  repeat.  To  find 
where  principal  effect  comes,  place  hands 
on  stomach  as  you  rise  and  lower;  you 
will  feel  the  muscles  under  your  fingers. 

Still  on  back,  keeping  toes  pointed  and 
knees  straight,  bring  legs  up  to  right  an- 
gles with  body;   carry  toes  as  far  over 


as  possible;  return  to  floor;  repeat.  To 
find  location  of  actual  work  place  hands 
on  pelvis  between  hips  and  above  crotch. 
The  thighs  and  upper  stomach  also  get  a 
share  of  the  work. 

The  above  in  conjunction  with  those 
in  two  previous  articles,  will  assist  consti- 
pated readers. 

During  the  six  or  seven  months'  pre- 
vious articles  in  these  pages  many  have 
taken  my  course,  and  as  I  expect  many 
more  have  tried  the  exercises  given  here, 
I  would  like  readers  to  write  Rod  and 
Gun  or  myself  as  to  results. 


The  Canadian  National  Park 


THE  last  report  to  be  issued  by  Mr. 
Howard  Douglas,  Superintendent 
of  the  Canadian  National  Park,  is 
sent  out  by  the  government  as  a 
Blue  Book,  and,  to  those  who  will  go  be- 
yond the  official  tables  and  dry  returns, 
it  contains  much  that  is  of  interest  and 
value.,  Mr.  Douglas  has  been  appointed 
commissioner  of  Dominion  parks,  and  he 
promises  in  his  higher  office  to  continue 
to  take  a  special  interest  in  the  Canadian 
National  Park,  whose  development  he  has 
assisted  and  directed  for  eleven  years.  It 
is  with  pride  the  superintendent  points 
out  how  his  predictions  with  regard  to 
mountain  parks  have  been  more  than  re- 
alized. Visitors  have  increased  in  ten 
years  from  under  eight  thousand  to  over 
thirty-two  thousand. 

'The  tendency  for  tourists  nowadays 
to  enjoy  a  few  days  spent  in  wandering 
in  wilderness  is  delightful  to  see,  and 
goes  to  show  that  mountain  parks  and 


reservations  are  a  necessity,  not  only  as 
fountains  of  life  and  health,  but  also  as 
sources  of  timber  supplies.  The  growing 
interest  in  the  care  and  preservation  of 
forests  and  wild  places  in  general  is  full 
of  promise  and  cannot  fail  to  have  a  great 
influence  on  the  future  of  the  Dominion 
and  the  health  and  happiness  of  the  peo- 
ple." 

The  six  national  parks  —  Rocky  Moun- 
tain, Yoho,  Glacier,  Buffalo,  Elk  Island 
and  Jasper  —  now  comprise  an  area  of 
15,550  square  miles.  These  are  all  easy 
of  access.  In  addition  to  these  are  a 
large  number  of  forest  reservations,  most 
of  them  accessible  by  railways,  trail  or 
open  ridges,  and  as  yet  practically  in  a 
state  of  nature,  "unspoiled  either  by  the 
hand  of  man  or  forest  fire  devastations. " 
As  the  land  could  never  be  available  for 
agricultural  purposes,  no  harm  is  done  to 
any  one  by  the  withdrawal  of  this  large 
tract  from  the  public  domain.     In  the 


€4 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


national  parks,  under  careful  supervision, 
"the  furred  and  feathered  tribes,  which  a 
few  years  ago  were  in  danger  of  extinc- 
tion, are  increasing."  The  parks  are  also 
"the  homes  of  a  number  of  the  larger 
game,  such  as  the  buffalo,  elk,  moose, 
bear,  and  many  others,  which  here,  under 
the  efficient  protection  provided,  feel  se- 
cure and  at  home,  and  are  also  rapidly 
increasing." 

The  wonderful  scenery  and  the  cosmo- 
politan character  of  the  people  and  vis- 
itors are  dwelt  upon.  Next  follows  an 
account  of  the  work  done  in  the  parks 
during  the  year  under  review.  Many 
points  of  interest  have  been  opened  up  by 
roads  and  trails,  and  in  other  cases  the 
roads  improved. 

The  popularity  of  the  Cave  and  Basin 
continues  to  grow,  and  it  is  found  impos- 
sible to  accommodate  all  the  swarms  of 
bathers  who  attend  during  July  and  Aug- 
ust. 

While  the  birds  in  the  Aviary  are  doing 
well  and  continue  an  increasing  sourc  of 
attraction  to  visitors,  the  increase  has 
been  small,  and  this  is  attributed  to  the 
limited  run,  which  it  is  intended  to  greatly 
enlarge. 

The  animal  paddock  was  visited  by 
nearly  fourteen  thousand  people  in  the 
course  of  twelve  months,  and  in  addition 
many  hundreds  viewed  the  animals 
through  the  railings.  Outside  the  natural 
increase,  four  Virginia  deer  and  one  ante- 
lope were  introduced  into  the  enclosure. 
One  bull  elk  was  killed  in  a  fight,  and 
one  bull  buffalo,  which  was  ill  for  several 
weeks,  died  from  pneumonia.  The  buf- 
falo in  the  paddock  have  increased  to  93, 
moose  to  18,  elk  to  12,  and  mule  deer  to 
11.  The  Persian  sheep  decreased  by  3, 
leaving  only  one  representative,  and  the 
six  Angora  goats  all  died  off.  The  ani- 
mals in  cages  include  one  black,  one 
brown  and  one  cinnamon  bear,  two  moun- 
tain lions,  three  timber  wolves,  two  coy- 
otes, three  kit  fox,  two  lynx,  two  raccoons, 
two  badgers,  two  marmots,  and  three  por- 
cupines. The  new  permanent  cages  are 
said  to  be  equal  to  the  best  in  any  park 
on  the  continent. 

Greater  interest  is  being  taken  in  the 
flora  of  the  park.  Mrs.  Henshaw's  book 
on  the  mountain  wild  flowers  of  Western 


Canada,  and  Mrs.  Charles  Schaffer's  forth- 
coming book  on  Mountain  Wild  Flowers, 
with  Prof.  Stewardson  Brown's  (Phila- 
delphia) studies,  are  all  interesting  many 
people  in  the  wide  range  and  beauties  of 
the  park's  flora. 

Coal  mines  and  cement  works  are  car- 
ried on  within  the  confines  of  the  park, 
and  add  materially  to  the  revenue. 

The  report  refers  to  the  formation  and 
success  of  the  Alpine  Club  of  Canada,  and 
gives  particulars  of  the  work  done  at  the 
third  annual  camp. 

Revenues  continue  to  steadily  increase 
and  have  grown  from  $6,143.08  in  1903,  to 
$25,586.43  in  1907,  an  amount  in  excess 
of  the  requirements  for  the  actual  mainte- 
nance and  salaries  of  the  park.  Stress  is 
laid  upon  the  value  of  the  visits  of  tour- 
ists, both  from  an  advertising  and  a  finan- 
cial point  of  view.  Many  make  invest- 
ments in  Canada  and  induce  others  to 
come  as  a  result  of  their  visit.  "It  is 
doubtful  whether  the  government  secures 
better  results  in  the  way  of  emigration 
for  the  money  expended  than  the  appro- 
priation to  the  National  Park." 

Banff,  which  has  proved  such  a  fine 
summer  resort,  continues  to  progress. 
Mr.  Douglas  thinks  it  would  make  an  ex- 
cellent winter  resort  as  well.  "Besides 
the  exhilarating  air,  which  makes  walking 
an  agreeable  pastime,  there  are  a  great 
many  other  forms  of  enjoyment;  curling, 
skating,  skieing,  ice-boating  and  other 
forms  of  out-door  sport  are  indulged  in  to 
a  great  extent  and  thoroughly  enjoyed." 

The  purchase  of  the  Pablo  herd  of  buf- 
falo from  Montana,  and  the  removal  of  a 
portion  to  Canada  is  also  told.  Mr.  Doug- 
las went  to  Montana  as  far  back  as  1906 
to  inspect  the  herd  and  report  on  the  pur- 
ity of  the  breed.  He  "found  the  herd 
to  be  entirely  pure-bred  and  the  best  of 
their  species."  In  1907  he  carried  through 
the  negotiations  for  the  purchase  of  the 
entire  herd,  less  ten  head,  which  were  re- 
served by  Mr.  Pablo.  A  shipment  of  199 
head  was  made  at  the  end  of  May,  and 
-204  in  September,  while  the  balance  will 
be  shipped  later.  All  were  placed  on  a 
reservation  east  of  the  Battle  River,  Al- 
berta, and  went  through  the  first  winter 
with  only  the  loss  of  four  head,  the  nat- 


THE  CANADIAN  NATIONAL  PARK 


65 


ural  increase  since  the  first  shipment 
amounting  to  sixty. 

There  was  much  opposition  to  these  an- 
imals leaving  the  States,  but  they  were 
eventually  overcome,  and  Mr.  Douglas 
testifies  to  the  bona  fides  of  Mr.  Pablo 
throughout  the  transactions. 

Air.  Douglas  also  points  with  pride  to 
the  fact  that  during  the  eleven  years  he 
has  been  superintendent  of  the  park  his 


work  will  bear  the  closest  scrutiny.  He 
has  been  extremely  careful  in  the  expen- 
diture made  of  the  appropriations,  and  is 
assured  that  good  value  was  received  for 
every  dollar  expended.  He  acknowledges 
his  indebtedness  to  his  assistants,  to  the 
Royal  Northwest  Mounted  Police,  and 
to  the  Department  of  the  Interior  "in  the 
furthering  of  the  work  of  developing 
what  is  one  of  the  most  attractive  resorts 
on  the  continent." 


The  Canadian  Buffalo  Herd 

An  Unsuccessful  Round  Up 


AS  OUR  readers  now  know,  the  Can- 
adian Government  purchased  the 
whole  of  the  buffaloes,  some  six 
hundred  in  number,  belonging  to 
the  Pablo-Jones  combination,  on  the  Flat- 
head reservation,  in  Montana.  After  ov- 
ercoming great  difficulties,  some  three 
hundred  of  these  animals  were  last  year 
transported  from  the  States  to  Alberta, 
where  in  a  beautiful  park  near  Edmonton, 
they  are  finding  a  new  home.  A  corre- 
spondent in  Montana  thus  describes  an 
unsuccessful  attempt  to  round  up  the  bal- 
ance of  the  herd: 

"Although  the  most  careful  prepara- 
tions were  made,  the  bison  themselves 
upset  all  plans  and  are  now  roaming  at 
will  on  their  native  heath.  The  corral 
in  which  they  were  to  be  herded  prior  to 
the  drive  to  the  railway  at  Ravalli,  had 
been  built  with  great  care  and  was  sup- 
posed to  be  proof  against  the  strength  of 
the  biggest  bison.  When  the  corral  was 
planned  it  was  located  against  a  bluff  that 
was  so  steep  that  it  was  thought  to  be  an 
impossible  barrier  to  the  animals.  The 
fence  was  built  against  this  bluff,  which 
formed  a  side  of  the  corral,  the  fence  be- 
ing built  to  form  the  other  three  sides  of 
the  enclosure.  According  to  the  plan  the 
bison  were  rounded  up  and  were  slowly 
worked  towards  the  corral. 

"Everything  worked  according  to  sche- 
dule and  the  wing  fences  swung  the  ani- 
mals towards  the  corral  gate  and  the 
scheme  was  pronounced  a  complete  suc- 


cess. The  shaggy  brutes  trotted  through 
the  gates  into  the  corral  with  an  indiffer- 
ence that  should  have  aroused  the  suspi- 
cion of  the  men  who  were  driving  them. 
It  was  not  according  to  the  obstinate  na- 
ture of  the  beasts  to  act  that  way,  unless 
there  was  something  doing.  But  the 
herders  took  no  thought  of  anything  but 
getting  the  bison  through  that  gate.  That 
much  they  did  and  did  well.  In  the  per- 
formance they  had  the  complete  co-oper- 
ation of  the  bison,  which  were  more  than 
eager  to  get  into  the  corral,  for  they 
could  see  across  the  enclosure  an  easy 
avenue  to  liberty  which  was  not  visible  to 
the  naked  eye  of  the  herders. 

"There  was  a  rumble  of  the  heavy  mass 
getting  into  motion.  Then  the  dog-trot  of 
the  bison  quickened  into  a  gallop  with  the 
response  of  a  troop  of  cavalry  horses  to  a 
bugle  call,  and  in  a  cloud  of  dust  the  un- 
wieldy beasts  charged  across  the  enclos- 
ure straight  at  the  high  bluff,  whose  verti- 
cal face  had  been  supposed  to  be  insur- 
mountable by  anything  on  feet. 

"Dust  obscured  the  flight  of  the  beasts, 
but  it  hung  over  them  like  a  dense  mantle, 
and  its  movement  marked  the  course  of 
the  quondam  property  of  the  Dominion. 
Straight  toward  the  foot  of  the  bluff  the 
herd  charged,  and  those  who  were  watch- 
ing the  movement  expected  they  would 
see  a  mass  of  buffalo  meat  piled  up  at  the 
foot  of  the  steep  cliff. 

"The  herd  rushed  to  the  foot  of  the  bluff 
all  right,  but  didn't  stop  there.    The  buf- 


66 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


faloes  scaled  that  cliff  as  if  the  steep  wall 
was  the  easiest  thing  in  the  world.  There 
was  not  a  moment  of  hesitation,  not  a  fal- 
ter. Right  up  the  abrupt  wall  the  bison 
charged,  each  making  a  trail  that  was  a 
little  easier  for  the  one  that  was  follow- 
ing him.  Up  the  bluff  and  over  the  ridge, 
bellowing  in  triumph,  and  twisting  their 
short  tails  in  victory,  the  ungainly  gallop- 
ers passed,  and  then  they  spread  out,  scat- 
tered in  three  different  directions  until 
the  work  of  months  was  undone,  and  they 
were  their  own  masters,  defiant  and  un- 
conquered. 

"A  short  distance  up  the  bluff  a  photo- 
grapher from  Butte  had  stationed  him- 
self, selecting  what  he  thought  was  a  good 
vantage  point  from  which  to  get  pictures 
of  the  bison  while  they  were  yet  on  Amer- 
ican soil.  His  station  was  directly  in  the 
path  of  the  onrushing  beasts,  and  he  had 
not  the  skill  that  was  necessary  to  get  out 
of  their  way.  All  he  knows  is  that  he 
grabbed  something  in  the  dust  and  next 
instant  he  found  himself  riding  up  the 


cliff.  He  rode  at  a  pace  that  took  his 
breath  away,  but  he  hung  on,  and  as  the 
summit  of  the  bluff  was  reached  the  bison 
upon  which  the  photographer  was  riding 
sprung  under  a  tree  and  the  man  grabbed 
a  limb  and  swung  off  his  mount,  but  he 
was  too  weak  to  swing  himself  up,  so  he 
continued  his  hanging-on  performance 
and  remained  suspended  there  among  the 
rushing  bison.  They  banged  against  his 
legs  and  battered  his  shins,  but  the  limb 
of  the  tree  held  and  he  held  it  out.  The 
herd  was  soon  out  of  the  way. 

"The  bison  spent  the  winter  in  the  usu- 
al place,  and  the  quarters  prepared  for 
them  in  the  Canadian  park  still  await 
them." 

A  further  effort,  in  which  the  experi- 
ence of  the  past  will  provide  valuable 
guidance,  will  no  doubt  be  made  during 
the  present  summer  to  secure  as  many  as 
possible  of  the  buffaloes  still  left  in  Mon- 
tana, and  which  are  now  the  property  of 
the  Canadian  government. 


An  Indian  Legend  of  the  Old  Man  River 

BY  FRED  KIDD. 


IT  WAS  October  first,  and  the  trader 
had  no  customers  to  attend  to.  Treaty 
Day,  with  its  annual  payment  of  five 
dollars  per  head  to  all  the  Indians, 
had  come  and  gone,  and  all  the  excitement 
of  the  annual  feast,  the  expenditure  of  the 
money  in  rifles,  ammunition,  saddles, 
blankets,  flour,  the  gathering  of  the  pack- 
horses  and  the  saddle  horses,  making  of 
moccasins,  and  the  hurried  departure  for 
the  distant  hunting  grounds  in  the  Rock- 
ies ;  all  these  were  over,  and  the  trader 
was  taking  advantage  of  the  lull  to  un- 
pack and  display  on  his  shelves  the  bright 
shawls  and  cloths,  which  had  already  ar- 
rived, to  supply  the  wants  of  the  Stoneys 
when  they  returned  from  hunting  at 
Christmas  time  with  their  furs,  and  dried 
moose,  sheep  and  deer  meat,  to  make 
merry  together  at  the  great  New  Year's 
feast. 

As  he  was  unpacking  the  big  boxes  the 


door  opened  and  old  Ben  Chiniquy  limped 
in. 

"Good  day,  storekeeper.  Has  the  boat 
come  in?" 

"What  does  that  mean,  Ben?"  said  the 
trader. 

"Oh,  when  I  was  a  strong  young  man 
and  pulled  an  oar  in  the  Company's  big 
boat,  the  boats  came  up  the  river  to  the 
Post  once  every  year  with  all  the  new 
things  for  us  to  buy.  So  now  I  say,  the 
boat  must  have  come  in  with  all  these 
things." 

"I  thought  you  had  gone  hunting  with 
the  young  men,  Ben." 

"No !  I  am  too  lame  to  keep  up  with 
them ;  I  am  too  old.  The  Old  Man's 
river,  where  they  have  gone,  is  a  hard 
ground  to  hunt  in,  and  I  stay  at  home  to 
make  fires  for  the  old  women." 

"Why  is  that  river  called  the  Old  Man's 
river,  Ben?" 


AN  INDIAN  LEGEND  OF  THE  OLD  MAN  RIVER 


67 


"I  will  tell  you,  if  you  fill  my  pipe,  so 
that  I  can  smoke." 

The  trader  handed  over  his  pouch  ;  Ben 
filled  his  pipe  and  began. 

"Many  winters  ago,  longer  than  my 
father's  father  could  remember,  there  were 
not  many  people  in  the  world.  Our  peo- 
ple were  very  few.  The  old  people  in 
the  camp  became  very  hungry,  and  they 
said:  'Let  one  of  the  young  men  take  his 
bow  and  some  arrows  and  seek  for  meat 
that  we  may  eat.'  A  young  man  went 
out  to  look  for  a  deer.  Lie  came  silently 
to  the  river,  and  there  he  saw  a  deer  drink- 
ing. He  was  very  hungry  and  in  a  great 
hurry,  and  he  did  not  shoot  well.  He 
hurt  the  deer  but  he  did  not  kill  it.  It 
ran  away.  He  ran  fast  after  it,  and  on 
the  tracks  he  saw  blood.  As  he  followed 
he  heard  a  great  noise  like  Mhoo,  the 
thunder.  Lie  said,  'What  is  this  noise? 
The  sky  is  not  dark.  There  are  no 
clouds.'  So  he  followed  the  deer.  The 
noise  became  louder,  and  he  was  afraid. 
Soon  he  came  out  of  the  woods  to  a  flat, 
bare  piece  of  rock  at  the  river's  edge.  A 
pillar  of  rock  stood  at  the  edge,  and  at 
the  other  side  of  the  flat  rock  a  very  old 
man  with  a  very  large  head,  stood  and 
rolled  round  stones,  trying  to  hit  the  pil- 
lar and  knock  it  over.  The  rolling  of  the 
stones  made  noise  like  thunder. 


"The  young  man  was  much  afraid  of 
this  old  man  with  the  large  head,  but  he 
asked,  'Why  do  you  do  this?' 

"The  old  man  looked  at  him  until  he 
trembled,  but  said  nothing.  Again  he 
asked  the  question,  but  the  old  man  only 
looked  angry.  A  third  time  he  asked  it, 
and  the  old  man  threw  the  stone  at  him 
and  hurt  his  arm.  Then  the  young  man 
turned  away,  and  ran  to  the  camp  as  fast 
as  he  could. 

"  'Our  young  man  has  come  back  with 
a  bad  arm,  but  we  are  still  hungry.  He 
has  no  meat,'  said  the  old  men. 

"The  hunter  told  what  he  had  seen. 
The  old  men  said,  'This  old  man  is  truly 
Ink-to-mni,  the  man  of  the  big  head,  he 
who  can  call  the  birds.  It  is  well  he  let 
you  come  home.  We  will  not  disturb 
him  when  he  plays.  We  will  call  this, 
"Sah-go-win  skah-day  WTapta,  the  river 
where  the  old  man  plays."  ' 

"That  is  why  we  call  it  the  Old  Man's 
playing  river.  The  white  men  call  it 
only  the  Old  Man's  river.  They  do  not 
know  that  the  great  Ink-to-mni  still  plays 
there.  We  have  heard  the  rolling  of  the 
stones  many  times  when  we  hunted  in 
the  hills,  but  no  man  has  seen  him  for 
many  years." 


ROY. 

Owned  by  Mr.  W.  E.  Best,  Toronto. 

The  accompanying  illustration  repre- 
sents "Roy,"  a  beagle  pup,  owned  by  Mr. 
W.  E.  Best,  54  Dagmar  avenue,  Toronto. 
This  fine  animal,  only  eight  months  old, 
was  shown  at  the  last  Toronto  Dog  Show 
and  proved  a  winner.  Mr.  Best  secured 
two  firsts,  one  second  and  one  third  prize 
at  the  same  show.  feU 


A  Dog's  Faithful  Vigil 


BY  AUGUST  WOLF. 


WHERE  the  chill  winds  sweep  and 
the  snow  swirls  and  drifts,  and 
forms  great  overhanging  combs 
to  break  into  slides  with  the  ap- 
proach of  spring,  a  dog  maintains  its  lone- 
ly vigil  on  the  summit  of  the  ridges  ra- 
diating from  the  St.  Joe  divide  in  the 
Cceur  d'Alene  country,  in  the  panhandle 
of  Idaho,  east  of  Spokane.  Although  par- 
ties have  searched  the  hills,  no  one  has 
been  able  to  solve  the  mystery  of  the  can- 
ine's faithful  watch,  but  enough  is  known 
to  justify  the  belief  that  the  spot  was  the 
scene  of  a  tragedy,  and  that  when  the 
snow  melts  under  the  chinook  winds  and 
the  July  sun,  another  remarkable  instance 
of  a  dog's  devotion  to  its  master,  -even 
unto  death,  will  have  been  recorded. 

Frank  Hathaway,  a  linotype  operator 
employed  by  the  Press,  at  Wallace,  Idaho, 
in  the  heart  of  the  silver-lead  mining  dis- 
trict, crossed  the  trail  over  the  St.  Joe 
divide,  returning  from  a  hunting  trip,  be- 
fore the  first  snow  fell  last  fall.  While 
passing  through  a  large  growth  of 
timber  below  the  divide  he.  heard 
reports  of  a  shotgun  fired  as  fast 
as  it  could  be  loaded,  and  then  a  rifle 
chimed  in..  Forty  shorts  were  fired  in 
rapid  succession.  Hathaway  saw  no  one 
in  the  wild  region,  but  spoke  of  the  inci- 
dent to  M.  Livingston,  a  prospector,  liv- 
ing in  a  cabin  several  miles  down  the 
trail. 

Livingston  says  he  heard  the  plaintive 
howling  of  a  dog  coming  from  far  up  the 
mountain  that  night.  Again  on  the  suc- 
ceeding night  the  dog  howled,  and  on  the 
fourth  night  after  the  shooting  a  strange 
dog  was  seen  skulking  about  Livingston's 
cabin,  as  if  in  search  of  food.  He  fled 
at  the  prospector's  approach,  but  meat 
left  outside  the  shack  disappeared  during 
the  night.  Every  night  since  that  time 
the  dog  has  been  fed,  but  never  will  he 
let  anyone  approach  him. 

A  few  weeks  after  the  shooting  the  first 
blizzard  of  'the  winter  swept  over  the 
mountain,  and  after  three  days  of  storm 
the  ground  was  left  covered  with  six  feet 


of  snow.  Still  the  lonely  dog  made  trips 
to  the  cabin,  each  time  returning  to  the 
mountain  top. 

When  snow  had  succeeded  snow,  and 
the  cold,  clear  weather  of  the  latter  part 
of  January  crusted  the  snow  so  that  it 
would  bear  the  weight  of  a  man,  Living- 
ston climbed  the  mountain  to  find  the  hid- 
ing place  of  the  dog.  The  dog's  frequent 
trips  made  a  trail  which  was  plainly  vis- 
ible, and  after  trailing  a  mile  above  the 
cabin  the  dog  was  found  lying  in  the  shel- 
ter of  a  bush,  making  its  bed  in  the  snow. 
The  animal  fled  at  the  approach  of  Living- 
ston but  returned  when  the  man  was  de- 
parting. 

When  Livingston  made  known  the 
story  of  the  dog's  faithful  vigil  on  the 
barren  crest  scores  of  residents  of  Wal- 
lace visited  the  mountain  top.  The  mys- 
tery became  the  topic  of  general  conversa- 
tion in  Wallace,  and  all  old-time  miners 
and  pioneer  residents  were  agreed  in  the 
belief  that  the  body  of  the  dog's  master 
lies  buried  beneath  the  snow.  Ranger 
Pulaski,  of  the  Cceur  d'Alene  Forest  Re- 
serve, organized  a  party  of  more  than 
one  hundred  men,  armed  with  shovels, 
and  prepared  to  clear  the  snow  from  the 
spot  the  dog  was  guarding.  The  snow 
was  seven  feet  deep,  and  although  the 
men  cleared  a  small  plot  of  ground,  their 
search  was  futile.  As  the  bush  in  which 
the  dog  sought  small  shelter  was  the  only 
one.  to  be  found  in  a  radius  of  several 
hundred  feet,  the  members  of  the  search- 
ing party  decided  that  the  body  of  the 
man  may  be  at  any  point  on  the  summit. 

Four  months  have  elapsed  since  the. 
dog  began  its  vigil  and  the  reports  of  two 
guns  re-echoed  on  the  mountain  top. 
Contrary  to  every  trait  in  canine  nature 
except  that  of  faithfulness,  the  dog  has 
remained,  at  this  one  spot,  sleeping  in 
snow  and  ice,  and  travelling  down  the 
steep  mountainside  for  its  food.  Every 
man  in  Wallace  is  of  the  belief  that  when 
July's  hot  sun  clears  away  the  mantle  of 
the  snow  covering  the  bleak  height,  the 
body  of  the  dog's  master  will  be  uncov- 
ered. 


Banff  Club  House  and  Camp 


The  Club  House  at  Banff  will  open  on 
or  about  8th  July.  The  camp  on  the 
Club  House  Grounds  will  be  ready  for 
occupation  on  the  same  date. 

The  camp  will  be  in  operation  during 
the  months  of  July,  August  and  Septem- 
ber ;  and,  for  the  year  1909,  will  be  open 
to  all. members  of  the  Club. 

The  Club  House  will  close  during  the 
week  of  the  annual  general  camp  at  Lake 
O'Hara. 

Accommodation. 

Accommodation  will  be  provided  for 
thirty.  The  executive  secretary  will  now 
receive  applications  therefor.  As  the  ac- 
commodation is  limited,  application 
should  be  made  at  the  earliest  possible 
date.  . 

Priority  will  be  given  to  applicants  in 
the  following  order:  Honorary  members, 
active  members,  associate  members,  grad- 
uating members,  and  subscribing  mem- 
bers. 

Owing  to  the  restricted  accommodation 
a  time  limit  of  one  week's  stay  has  been 
set,  at  the  expiration  of  which  members 
are  expected  to  move  on  to  one  of  the 
Club's  other  camps.  If,  however,  the 
arrangements  will  permit,  a  member's 
stay  may  be  continued  for  a  longer  period. 

Quarters. 

There  will  be  a  "Ladies'  Quarters"  and 


a  ''Gentlemen's  Quarters"  as  at  the  an- 
nual general  camps ;  also  what  may  be 
called  a  "Married  Quarters,"  where  hus- 
bands and  wives  can  tent  together. 

Each  tent-house  will  accommodate  two, 
and  is  provided  with  cots,  toilet  arrange- 
ments and  chairs.  Occupants  must 
bring  their  own  bedding  and  toilet  arti- 
cles, such  as  soap,  towels,  etc. 

Xo  trunks  will  be  allowed  in  the  tent- 
houses.  Special  quarters  will  be  provid- 
ed for  them,  where  space  can  be  allotted 
at  a  small  charge. 

Meals. 

Camp  meals,  similar  to  those  at  the  an- 
nual general  camps,  will  be  served  at  reg- 
ular hours  in  a  tent-house  provided  for 
that  purpose. 

Tea  can  be  had  in  the  dining  tent  at 
stated  hours,  a  small  charge  being  made 
for  the  service. 

Transportation. 

The  Club  House  and  camp  are  two 
miles  from  the  railway  station.  A  spe- 
cial livgry  will  be  operated  in  connection 
with  the  camp. 

All  parties  arriving  by  day  trains  will 
be  met,  provided  they  give  sufficient  pre- 
vious notice  of  the  train  by  which  they 
will  arrive  at  Banff  to  the  executive  sec- 
retary, whose  headquarters  for  the  sum- 
mer months  will  be  at  the  Club  House. 


70 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Parties  arriving  by  night  trains  must  go 
to  one  of  the  hotels. 

Baggage  will  be  carried  to  and  from 
the  camp. 

Charges. 

The  rate  for  honorary,  active  and  asso- 
ciate members  will  be  two  dollars  ($2.00) 
per  day. 

The  rate  for  graduating  and  subscrib- 
ing members  will  be  three  dollars  ($3.00) 
per  day. 

Graduating  members  who  intend  to  grad- 
uate in  1909  from  one  of  the  Club  camps 
will  be  given  credit  checks  for  the  differ- 
ence of  $1.00  per  day,  which,  when  gradu- 
ation has  been  certified  thereon  by  the 
officer  authorized  to  make  such  certifi- 
cates, may  be  used  at  full  face  value  in 
payment  of  camp  dues. 

Every  person  driven  to  or  from  the 
railway  station  and  the  camp  will  be 
charged  50  cents  each  way. 

A  charge  of  25  cents  each  way  will  be 
made  for  every  piece  of  baggage  carried 
to  or  from  the  camp. 

Auxiliary  Camps. 

An  auxiliary  camp  will  be  in  operation 
at  Lake  O'Hara,  and  possibly  one  at 
Sherbrooke  Lake,  to  which  members  can 
move  on  from  the  Banff  camp. 

These  will  be  similar  to  the  annual  gen- 
eral camp,  but  on  a  smaller  scale.  They 


will  be  in  operation  for  July,  August  and 
September. 

The  charges  will  be  the  same  as  at  the 
annual  general  camp. 

Rules  and  Regulations. 

All  Club  House  and  camp  regulations 
must  be  strictly  observed.  The  execu- 
tive secretary  will  be  in  control  at  the 
Banff  Club  House  and  camp,  and  will 
have  full  authority  to  enforce  all  rules. 

All  rules  and  regulations  will  be  posted 
conspicuously. 

General  Information. 

The  Club  library  will  be  at  the  Club 
House.  There,  also,  will  be  found  a  lot 
of  good  maps  and  beautiful  photographs 
of  the  Canadian  Rockies. 

The  fullest  information  will  be  obtain- 
able, and  all  members  should  rendezvous 
at  the  Club  House  to  complete  plans  for 
expeditions  to  the  interior  of  the  Main 
and  Selkirk  ranges  ;  also  to  get  into  train- 
ing for  the  more  severe  work  of  climbing 
among  the  higher  peaks. 

A  fine  assembly  room,  30  feet  square, 
a  comfortable  library  and  smoking  room, 
a  cheery  log  fire  and  a  good  piano  will 
make  the  evenings  pass  pleasantly  for 
those  socially  inclined. 

Address  all  correspondence  to  S.  H. 
Mitchell,  Executive  Secretary,  Box  167, 
Calgary,  Alberta. 


Fourth  Annual  Camp 


Objects. 

The  camp  is  for  the  purpose  of  enabling 
members  of  the  Club  to  meet  in  the  moun- 
tain regions  of  Canada,  and  graduating 
members  to  receive  the  assistance  of  the 
Club  in  qualifying  for  active  member- 
ship. 

Date. 

The  camp  will  onen  on  Monday,  Aug. 
2nd,  and  close  on  Monday,  Aug.  9th. 
British  Association. 

A  party  of  Alpine  members  of  the  Brit- 
ish Association,  meeting  at  Winnipeg  on 
the  25th  August,  will  be  entertained  at 
the  camp  as  guests  of  the  Club.  Among 
these  are  noted  men  of  the  Alpine  Clubs 
of  the  British  Isles.     The  party  will  be 


under  the  leadership  of  Professor  Harold 
B.  Dixon,  F.R.S.,  of  the  University  of 
Manchester. 

Railway  Station. 

The  nearest  station  on  the  Canadian 
Pacific  Railway  is  Hector,  two  miles  west 
of  the  summit  of  the  range.  The  camp 
is  nine  miles  south  and  is  reached  by 
pony  trail.  Parties  can  rendezvous,  if 
so  desired,  at  Lake  Louise  Chalet  (reach- 
ed from  Laggan  station),  eight  miles  east 
of  Hector;  or  at  Mount  Stephen  House 
(Field  station),  eight  miles  west  of  Hec- 
tor; but  must  make  their  own  arrange- 
ments for  reaching  Hector. 

Transportation. 

To  reach  the  camp  the  same  day  it  is 


ALPINE  CLUB  OF  CANADA 


71 


important  to  arrive  at  Hector  by  an  early 
train.  An  auxiliary  camp  will  be  estab- 
lished at  Hector  station  where  those  ar- 
riving by  late  trains  can  spend  the  night 
and  reach  camp  the  next  day.  Members 
may  arrive  at  Hector  on  August  1st, 

Who  May  Attend. 

Accommodation  will  be  prepared  for 
two  hundred  persons,  and  applications 
therefor  will  be  registered  in  the  order  in 
which  they  are  received  by  the  executive 
secretary,  due  allowance  being  made  for 
distance. 

Except  as  hereinafter  provided,  the 
camp  is  open  to  Club  members  only.  All 
members  belonging  to  honorary,  active, 
associate  and  graduating  grades  may 
make  application  for  accommodation. 

Duly  accredited  representatives  of  liter- 
ary and  scientific  bodies,  of  leading  daily 
and  weekly  papers,  of  standard  maga- 
zines, and  professional  photographers, 
will  be  given  the  same  rates  as  active 
members. 

Active  and  associate  members  are  priv- 
ileged to  bring  their  wives  or  husbands, 
but  they  will  not  be  entitled  to  active  and 
Associate  membership  rates. 

Charges. 

Active  and  Associate  members,  and 
those  placed  in  the  same  category  with  re- 
gard to  rates,  will  be  charged  two  dol- 
lars ($2.00)  per  day  while  at  camp.  This 
does  not  include  transportation  or  hotel 
expenses. 

Graduating  members  who  qualify  for 
active  membership  will  be  charged  at  the 
above  rate. 

All  others  will  be  charged  three  dollars 
($3.00)  per  day. 

Members  arriving  at  Hector  before  12 
o'clock  (noon)  and  leaving  after  that 
hour  will  be  charged  a  full  day.  No  half 
rates  will  be  given. 

Transportation  of  baggage  between 
Hector  station  and  the  camp  (nine  miles 
by  pony  trail)  will  be  charged  75  cents 
per  lot.  each  way. 

No  person  attending  will  be  allowed 
more  than  forty  pounds  (40  lbs.)  of  bag- 
gage. If  in  excess  transportation  will  be 
refused  until  the  weight  has  been  reduc- 
ed.   No  trunks  or  boxes  can  be  taken  to 


the  O'Hara  camp.  Heavy  bagage  may  be 
stored  at  the  auxiliary  camp  at  Hector 
station. 

Those  using  saddle  ponies  between 
Hector  station  and  the  camp  will  be  char- 
ged one  dollar  ($1.00)  each  way.  A  spe- 
cial charge  will  be  made  for  the  use  of 
saddle  ponies  by  the  day. 

Clothing. 

Members  climbing  require  heavy-soled 
leather  boots,  well  set  with  nails.  Knicker- 
bockers, puttees,  sweater  and  soft  hat 
furnish  the  most  serviceable  costume. 

No  lady  climbing  who  wears  skirts  or 
bloomers  will  be  allowed  to  take  a  place 
on  a  rope,  as  these  have  been  found  a 
distinct  source  of  danger  to  the  party 
making  the  climb.  Knickerbockers  with 
puttees  or  gaiters  and  sweater  have  been 
found  serviceable  and  safe. 

Skirts  are  fashionable  around  the 
camp  fire. 

Outfit. 

Baggage  should  be  as  light  as  possible 
and  consist  of  two  pair  of  blankets  weigh- 
ing about  fifteen  pounds,  an  "eiderdown" 
or  "comfortable,"  a  small  feather  pillow, 
a  change  of  clothes  and  boots,  toilet  arti- 
cles, towel,  soap,  etc. 

A  sleeping  bag  may  be  substituted  for 
the  blankets  and  "eiderdown." 

Members  are  recommended  to  come 
supplied  with  snow-glasses  and  drinking 
cups ;  only  a  limited  supply  will  be  on 
hand  at  the  camp. 

Climbers  should  come  with  the  soles  of 
their  boots  well  set  with  nails.  Swiss- 
edge  nails  can  be  had  at  the  camp. 
General  Information. 

Members  to  be  eligible  for  the  privi- 
leges of  the  camp  must  be  in  good  stand- 
ing;  that  is,  have  paid  their  dues  for  the 
current  year. 

You  are  requested  to  notify  the  under- 
signed of  your  intention  to  attend  the  com- 
ing camp,  at  the  earliest  possible  date,  so 
that  proper  provision  may  be  made. 
Members  allowing  their  applications  to 
remain  until  the  last  moment  must  not 
feel  aggrieved  if  they  cannot  be  accepted. 

Swiss  and  other  competent  guides  will 
be  in  attendance  for  all  climbs  and  expe- 
ditions. 


72 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


It  is  expected  that  the  usual  one  fare 
return  rate  will  be  obtained  from  the  Can- 
adian Pacific  Railway  Company.  Appli- 
cants will  be  notified  later.  It  will  prob-  " 
ably  be  found,  however,  on  enquiry  of 
your  railway  station  agent,  that  the  ex- 
cursion rates  to  the  Seattle  Exposition 
will  permit  of  a  cheap  rate  to  and  from 
the  camp. 

Badges  will  be  supplied  at  the  camp. 
How  to  Obtain  Membership. 

Nomination  slips  for  membership  and 
general  information  concerning  the  camp 
can  be  had  on  application  to  the  under- 
signed, executive  secretary  of  the  Club. 

Remember,  unless  otherwise  specified 
herein,  the  camp  is  open  to  members  only. 
Climbs  and  Expeditions. 

The  camp  will  be  pitched  in  an  open 
glade  close  by  the  beautiful  Lake  O'Hara, 
at  an  altitude  of  6,664  feet  above  sea  level. 
White  heath  and  pink  heather  carpet  the 
ground,  and  spruce  trees  cast  their  sha- 
dows on  the  sward.  All  around  are  the 
giants  of  the  main  range :  Mounts  Vic- 
toria, Huber,  Lefroy,  Hungabee,  Delta- 
form  (peaks  of  the  Great  Divide),  Biddle, 
Odaray  and  Stephen.  Suitable  climbs 
will  be  arranged.  In  the  immediate  vi- 
cinity are  numerous  charming  lakelets. 
Features  of  special  topographical  interest 
are  close  at  hand. 

From  the  summit  of  Mt.  SchafTer  may 
be  seen  the  spectacles  of  Lake  O'Hara. 

Across  the  Opabin  Pass  stands  the 
Eagle's  Eyrie,  so-called  from  a  striking 
rock  figure  resembling  an  eagle  perched 
upon  the  crest  of  the  monolith.  It  stands 
alone  in  the  centre  of  Prospector's  Valley, 
isolated  by  the  action  of  a  glacier  that  has 
now  retreated  to  a  mile  distant. 

The  series  of  glacier-cut  hanging  val- 
leys rising  from  Lake  O'Hara  to  the  foot 
of  the  Abbot  Pass  is  of  great  interest, 
Tiny  lakelets  lie  in  the  hollows,  and  huge 
rock  stairways  lead  from  shelf  to  shelf. 
At  the  foot  of  the  pass  is  Lake  Oeesa  (Ice 
lake).  For  the  greater  part  of  the  year 
it  is  ice-bound,  but  in  August  is  open 
water,  dotted  with  baby  icebergs. 

Lake  McArthur,  an  hour  distant,  is  a 
splendid  specimen  of  a  glacier  lake,  situat- 
ed high  above  the  timber  line,  in  a  hang- 


ing valley  just  beyond  the  summit  of  the 
McArthur  Pass.  It  is  of  a  bright  ceru- 
lean blue.  At  one  end  a  glacier,  flowing 
from  an  amphitheatre  of  Mt.  Biddle, 
buries  its  nose  in  the  waters  of  the  lake. 
Official  Climbs. 

The  official  climbs  for  graduating  mem- 
bers will  be:  Mt.  Odaray,  10,165  feet, 
and  Mt.  Huber,  11,041  feet,  above  sea 
level ;  but  any  other  peak  in  the  vicinity 
of  sufficient  altitude  will  be  accepted. 
Sherbrooke  Lake. 

A  camp  may  possibly  be  placed  in  the 
hanging  valley  above  Sherbrooke  Lake 
and  ascents  of  Mts.  Daly  and  Niles  ar- 
ranged, including  a  traverse  of  the  Daly 
snowfield  and  glacier  to  the  source  of  the 
celebrated  Takakkaw  Falls.  The  hang- 
ing valley  above  Sherbrooke  Lake  pre- 
sents a  fine  example  of  the  roches  mou- 
tonnees  of  alpine  regions.  It  will  neces- 
sarily be  a  three-day  expedition. 

Special  Two-day  Expedition. 

The  special  two-day  expedition  of  the 
Paradise  Valley  camp  will  be  repeated 
for  the  purpose  of  seeing  some  of  the 
grandest  alpine  mountain  scenery  of  the 
Province  of  Alberta.  It  will,  this  year, 
start  from  Lake  O'Hara.  This  famous 
expedition  crosses  the  Abbot,  Mitre, 
YVastach,  Wenkchemna  and  Opabin 
Passes  ;  leads  through  the  defile  known 
as  the  "Death  Trap,"  between  Mts.  Vic- 
toria and  Lefroy;  traverses  the  Victoria, 
Lefroy,  Mitre,  Horseshoe,  Wenkchemna 
and  Opabin  glaciers,  and  embraces  twen- 
ty miles  of  alpine  work  of  the  highest  or- 
der. One  night  will  be  spent  at  a  camp 
set  amidst  the  golden  larches  of  Paradise 
Valley,  from  which  stopping  place  a  visit 
may  be  made  to  the  Giant's  Stairs. 

Maps  of  the  region  can  be  had  from 
the  executive  secretary  on  application. 
Duchesnay  and  Boulder  Passes. 

For  parties  desiring  it,  an  expedition 
will  be  arranged  over  the  Duchesnay  and 
Boulder  Creek  Passes  to  Mt..  Stephen 
House,  where  the  night  can  be  spent  and 
a  return  made  the  following  day  via  Hec- 
tor. Or  parties  leaving  camp  can  go  out 
that  way  and. their  baggage  will  be  sent 
to  Field  station. 

At  Mt.  Stephen  House  will  be  found 


ALPINE  CLUB  OF  CANADA 


73 


the  railway  company's  popular  managers, 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Schiller  Flindt,  to  whose  ex- 
•cellent  arrangements  and  untiring  kind- 
ness the  Club  is  much  indebted  for  its 
successful  camp  at  Rogers  Pass  in  1908. 
Lake  Louise. 

Parties  leaving  camp  can  also  go  out 
over  the  Abbot  Pass,  and,  via  the  Death 
Trap  and  Victoria  Glacier,  reach  Lake 
Louise  chalet.  Their  baggage  will  be 
forwarded  to  Laggan  station. 

At  the  chalet,  Miss  Jean  Mollison  will 
be  found  again  as  manager.  All  who  at- 
tended the  Paradise  Valley  camp  of  1907 
will  remember  the  splendid  facilities  she 
contributed  upon  that  occasion  and  how 
much  its  success  was  due  to  her  excellent 
management. 


Non-Climbers. 

Minor  expeditions  will  be  arranged  for 
those  who  do  not  desire  strenuous  work ; 
or  the  time  may  be  spent  quietly  at  the 
camp  enjoying  the  glories  of  Nature  in 
its  primeval  wildness.  Artists,  photo- 
graphers and  Nature  lovers  will  find 
themselves  in  an  enchanted  realm  where 
magic  inspires  the  brush,  the  camera  and 
the  pen. 

Orders. 

Each  day's  programme  will  be  posted 
on  the  camp  order  board  the  previous  af- 
ternoon, and  entries  for  expeditions  and 
climbs  will  be  received  immediately  there- 
after. Implicit  obedience  to  camp  regu- 
lations and  guides'  instructions  is  impera- 
tive. 


Art  Competition 


The  third  yearly  Art  Competition  will 
be  held  during  the  Club's  annual  meet, 
commencing  the  first  week  in  August, 
1909,  at  Lake  O'Hara,  in  the  main  range 
of  the  Rockies. 

Terms  of  Competition. 
Section  1. — Alpine  Scenes  :  Each  exhibit 
will  consist  of  three  photographs.  While 
not  restricted  as  to  size,  all  three  must 
be  uniform  as  to  prints  and  size  of 
mounts. 

Section  2.— Botanical :  Only  mountain 
species  are  eligible.  Each  exhibit  will 
consist  of  four  photographs.  While  not 
restricted  as  to  size,  all  four  must  be  uni- 
form as  to  prints  and  size  of  mounts. 

Section  3.  — ■  Oil  Paintings  :  Alpine 
Scenes.  Each  exhibit  will  consist  of  one 
painting. 

Section  4.  —  Water  Colours.  Alpine 
Scenes.  Each  exhibit  will  consist  of  two 
paintings. 

Section  5.  —  Etching  or  Pen-and-ink 
Sketches.  Alpine  Scenes.  Each  exhibit 
will  consist  of  two  drawings. 

Photographs  previously  exhibited  are 
not  eligible. 

An  Alpine  Scene  may  be  defined  as  fol- 
lows: A  mountain  landscape  which, 
while  containing  one  or  more  features, 
such  as  forest,  river,  lake,  waterfall,  ice- 
fall,  etc.,  must  contain  a  snow-bearing 
mountain  as  a  central  feature. 

The  competition  is  open  to  all  members 


of  the  Club.  Professionals  will  be  judged 
in  a  class  by  themselves  for  each  section. 

In  the  cases  of  sections  1  and  2,  the 
exhibits  will  become  the  property  of  the 
Club.  In  other  sections  they  will  be  re- 
turned if  so  desired. 

One  prize  will  be  given  in  each  section. 
A  list  of  prizes  will  be  published  later  in 
the  Club's  official  organ,  "Rod  and  Gun  in 
Canada,"  published  at  Woodstock,  Ont. 
They  will  consist  of  ice-axes,  rukhsacks, 
aneroid  barometers  or  other  mountaineer- 
ing paraphernalia. 

All  exhibits  must  be  in  the  hands,  of 
the  committee  not  later  than  July  20th, 
1909. 

Exhibits  should  be  sent  to  the  execu- 
tive secretary,  S.  H.  Mitchell,  Box  167, 
Calgary,  Alta. 

Club-House  Notice. 

The  furnishing  committee  of  the  Banff 
Club  House  and  Camp  beg  to  call  the  at- 
tention of  lady  members  to  the  fact  that 
contributions  in  money  or  kind  towards 
the  furnishing  will  be  acceptable.  The 
following  articles  may  be  contributed: 

Waste  Baskets,  Ink  Bottles,  Pen  Trays, 
Blotting  Pads,  Feather  Sofa  Pillows,  Suit- 
able Pictures,  Floor  Rugs,  Lamps,  Tum- 
blers", Jugs  of  various  sizes,  Small  Look- 
ing Glasses,  Trays,  Teapots  for  Afternoon 
Tea,  Small  Plates,  Cooking  Utensils,  etc.. 

Address  all  correspondence  to  Mrs.  A. 
O.  Wheeler,  P.  O.  Box  167,  Calgary,  Alta. 


OUR  MEDICINE  BAG 


In  our  July  number  will  appear  the  first  portion 
of  a  fine  article  entitled  "Big  Game  Shooting  in 
the  Yukon  Territory,"  by  Mr.  C.  G.  Cowan.  Those 
amongst  our  readers  who  remember  his  previous 
contributions  to  our  pages,  particularly  "Two 
Thousand  Miles  Down  the  Yukon  in  a  Small  Boat," 
will  know  that  a  good  hunting  story  is  in  store 
for  them.  Mr.  Cowan  has  hunted  through  British 
Columbia  and  the  Yukon  for  years,  and  probably 
knows  as  much  about  that  large  territory  as  any 
outsider.  His  experiences  with  the  big  game  of 
our  fine  Western  Province  and  its  further  northern 
territory  is  one  which  many  sportsmen  will  envy 
him.  Mr.  Cowan  is  fortunate  in  being  able  to  in- 
dulge his  tastes  for  exploration  and  hunting,  and 
at  the  present  time  he  is  engaged  in  a  similar  trip 
in  the  far  Northwest. 


Mr.  Thomas  Ritchie  has  written  the  following 
letter  addressed  from  Belleville  on  April  27th,  to 
Mr.  Edwin  Tinsley,  superintendent  of  Game  and 
Fisheries,  Toronto: 

"Dear  Sir. — The  importance  of  protecting  our 
game  fish,  and  at  once  taking  effective  measures 
to  prevent  our  lakes  and  streams  from  being  de- 
pleted before  it  is  too  late,  cannot  be  too  strongly 
emphasized.  You  are  fully  aware  how  ineffectual 
is  the  present  system  of  local  overseers  to  enforce 
the  regulations,  To  my  personal  knowledge  most 
of  them  whom  I  have  met  regard  it  as  their  duty 
to  overlook  illegal  fishing  than  to  bring  the  guilty 
to  book.  You  have  given  the  subject  much  thought 
and  your  wide  experience  ought  to  have  the  great- 
est weight  with  the  government.  If  the  whole  bus- 
iness could  be  taken  out  of  party  politics  we  should 
have  more  satisfactory  results  under  your  personal 
administration.  In  our  opinion  an  organized  body 
of  trained  detectives,  say  twelve  or  fifteen  for  the 
whole  Province,  at  all  times  at  the  command  of 
the  wardens  of  the  various  districts  to  be  sent  from 
place  to  place  as  directed,  would  result  in  more 
effective  work  being  done  in  one  year  than  a  thou- 
sand local  overseers  would  accomplish  in  ten  years. 
One  good  detective  could  gather  many  into  his  net 
at  one  time,  making  such  a  haul  in  a  district  as 
would  strike  terror  into  the  rest  of  the  law-break- 
ers there.  The  cost  would  be  insignificant  com- 
pared with  the  great  gain  to  the  country  by  the 
money  attracted  to  the  country  through  tourists. 
All  the  railway  companies  would  willingly  aid  by 
granting  free  passes  to  all  engaged  in  the  work  of 
protection;  G.  T.  R.  officials  tell  us  they  recog- 
nize the  importance  and  value  of  it  to  themselves. 
The  prospective  value  of  our  thousands  of  beautiful 
lakes  and  streams,  formerly  abounding  in  game 
fish,  can  hardly  be  overestimated,  but  some  idea 
of  the  value  to  the  people  at  large  can  be  formed 


by  the  experience  of  the  State  of  Maine.  If  the 
general  public  could  only  be  brought  to  see  this 
matter  in  its  true  light  they  would  undoubtedly 
at  once  insist  upon  their  interests  being  more  thor- 
oughly protected.  I  have  taken  the  opportunity 
lately  of  writing  several  articles  in  the  press  on 
the  economic  value  of  the  game  fish  and  other 
game  to  the  country." 


The  following  extract  from  the  report  of  Inspec- 
tor E.  A.  Pelletier,  of  a  patrol  made  from  Regina 
to  Churchill  and  return,  in  the  winter  of  1906-7,  is 
taken  from  the  annual  report  of  the  Royal  North- 
west Mounted  Police.  It  is  important  that  the 
Canadian  public  should  understand  the  position. 
It  may  be  added  that  a  commission,  of  which 
Professor  Prince  is  a  member,  has  been  appointed 
to  investigate  that  particular  section  of  the  coun- 
try.   The  extract  follows: 

"I  take  the  liberty  of  suggesting  that  by  what 
I  heard  and  what  I  believe,  some  restrictions  should 
be  made  in  the  extent  of  their  operations.  The  fish 
caught  I  hear,  is  mostly  all  exported  to  the  United 
States  market,  and  it  is  foreseen  that  soon  there 
will  be  hardly  fish  enough  left  to  feed  the  natives 
and  their  dogs.  If  some  law  could  be  passed  to 
forbid  the  exportation  of  fish  caught  in  the  Kee- 
watin  district,  outside  of  Canada,  it  would  benefit 
the  country  a  great  deal,  for  at  this  rate  the  fish 
will  soon  become  extinct,  or  practically  so.  Some- 
thing like  it  is  in  Lake  Superior,  Lake  of  the 
Woods,  and  is  getting  so  in  regard  to  Lake  Winni- 
peg, which  is  getting  fished  out.  Fishing  com- 
panies are  operating  as  far  as  Lake  Sipiwish.  This 
new  railway  coming  in  from  the  Pass  will  come 
through  a  country  of  good  fishing  lakes.  Fishing 
companies  find  it  even  profitable  to  haul  fish  some 
one  hundred  or  one  hundred  and  fifty  miles  from 
railway  transportation  with  horses.  One  can  eas- 
ily imagine  if  a  railway  ever  comes  through  to 
Fort  Churchill  to  what  extent  the  country  will  be 
exploited  by  these  fishing  companies,  and  as  these 
lakes  are  of  comparatively  small  size  it  will  take 
very  few  years  indeed  to  drain  them  of  all  their 
fish,  and  then  the  natives  will  be  left  starving  if 
a  poor  year  of  fish  comes.  As  it  is  now,  they  can 
•  always  fall  back  on  fish  after  everything  else  fails. 
Even  then,  this  country  is  growing  now  at  such  a 
rate  that  if  no  restrictions  on  the  export  of  fish 
are  made  at  an  early  date,  there  will  be  no  fish 
left  for  our  own  consumption." 


A  Belgian  trapper  named  Grasset,  whose  name 
was  connected  with  a  case  of  cannibalism  a  few 
months  ago  in  the  Lake  St.-  John-district,  when  the 
remains  of  a  guide  named  Lemieux,  who  had  ap- 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


75 


parently  been  a  victim  of  cannibalism,  were  found, 
has  walked  three  hundred  miles  in  order  to  tell 
all  he  knows  of  the  affair.  When  he  heard  of  the 
tales  that  were  being  circulated  through  the  coun 
try  he  walked  to  Cochrane,  the  last  station  on 
the  T.  &  N.  0.  Railway,  gave  himself  up  to  Pro- 
vincial Constable  Lapointe,  and  accompanied  him 
to  Quebec,  ^rasset  is  described  as  a  man  about 
thirty  years  of  age  and  well  built.  Upon  a  full 
inquiry  the  man  was  acquitted  of  the  charge.  He 
stated  that,  running  short  of  provisions,  his  two 
companions  retraced  their  steps,  while  he  got  lost 
and  was  rescued  by  the  Indians,  but  not  before  his 
feet  had  been  frozen.  It  is  generally  supposed 
that  the  third  man  was  drowned. 


After  all,  the  Nova  Scotia  House  of  Assembly 
passed  the  second  reading  of  the  Kedgemakooge 
Rod  and  Gun  Club  bill,  and  referred  it  to  the  com- 
mittee on  law  amendments.     The  fight  over  the 
second  reading  was  a  prolonged  one,  and  was  only 
agreed  to  by  the  promoters  promising  an  amend- 
ment assuring  the  public  that  they  would  not  be 
deprived  of  fishing  and  hunting  rights  on  the  lands 
in  question.    A  further  offer  was  made  to  cut  out 
any  objectionable  clause,  "so  that  when  the  bill 
came  up  from  committee  it  could  be  presented  m 
the  most  palatable  form  —  absolutely  sugar-coat- 
ed _  go  that  every  person  in  the  Province  would 
be  delighted  with  it."     At  the  same  time  it  was 
argued  that  the  lands  in  question,  being  an  old 
Indian  reserve,  the  people  of  Nova  Scotia  had  no 
rights  therein,  and  were  not,  therefore,  deprived 
of  any  right  when  the  exclusive  privileges  were  ac- 
corded to  lessees.    It  was  further  explained  that 
the  lease  only  covered  a  total  of  1,015  acres  of  land 
with  a  frontage  of  four  miles  out  of  forty  miles 
on  the  lake,  and  covered  four  out  of  the  365  isl- 
ands in  Fairy  Lake.    It  was  further  said  that  no 
moose  had  ever  been  seen  on  this  land.    One  hon- 
orable member  retorted  that  if  there  was  no  game 
what  were  the  members  to  hunt,  and  was  told  that 
they  would  hunt  mosquitoes.    This  little  touch  of 
humour,  added  to  the  concessions  made  by  the  pro- 
moters, probably  aided  in  carrying  the  second  read- 
ing of  the  bill.    An  important  question  was  also 
raised  as  to  Federal  and  Provincial  jurisdiction, 
but  was  not  pursued.    As  white  men  are  prevent- 
ed from  hunting  on  Indian  reserves,  would  a  Pro- 
vincial act  override  a  Dominion  statute?    In  this 
case  an  Indian  reserve  is  no  longer  an  Indian  re- 
serve, having  been  deserted  by  them,  and  m  that 
case  do  full  rights  revert  to  the  Province?  These 
and  other  interesting  queries  were  raised  by  the 
bill  and  may  later  on  be  pursued  to  some  end. 


Over  in  New  York  State  the  Chief  State  Forest, 
Fish  and  Game  Commissioner  is  engaged  in  locat- 
ing a  State  game-bird  farm  for  the  purpose  of 
raising  game  birds  to  replenish  the  depleted  covers 
in  the  -,tate. 


"From  Wheat  to  Whales"  was  the  subject  of  a 
very  interesting  address  delivered  at  Toronto  by 
Miss  Agnes  Deans  Cameron.  By  means  of  fine 
stereoptican  views  the  lecturer  was  able  to  give 
the  large  audience  an  excellent  idea  of  the  vast  ex- 


tent of  Canada's  great  northwest  lands,  its  magnifi- 
cent rivers,  the  little  known  lakes  of  those  lands, 
and  the  wealth  of  its  northern  and  western  seas. 
She  said,  in  part,  that  people  made  a  mistake  in 
describing  Alberta  and  Saskatchewan  as  north- 
west. They  are  really  southwest,  but  she  pointed 
out  that  lying  north  and  west  of  these  two  Prov- 
inces was  Canada's  real  northwest  lands,  covering 
an  area  nearly  as  large  as  Europe.  She  always 
had  particular  pleasure  in  telling  the  people  of  the 
United  States  that  Canada  never  nad  but  one  rail- 
way hold-up,  that  it  never  had  a  lynching,  and 
never  had  an  Indian  uprising,  for  the  halfbreed 
troubles  could  not  be  called  an  Indian  uprising. 
The  credit  for  this  state  of  affairs  was  due  largely 
to  the  wise  and  humane  management  of  the  Hud- 
son's Bay  Company  during  the  nearly  two  and  a 
half  centuries  of  its  existence,  to  the  splendid  qual- 
ities of  the  Northwest  Mounted  Police  as  repre- 
senting the  government,  and  to  the  brave,  self- 
sacrificing  missionaries,  Catholic  and  Protestant, 
who  have  labored  so  faithfully  among  the  scat- 
tered people  of  those  lone  lands.  President  Fal- 
coner, of  the  University  of  Toronto,  presided,  and 
the  LieutenantrGovernor  and  party  were  among 
those  present. 


Professor  Prince,  of  Ottawa,  the  Canadian  repre- 
sentative on  the  International  Fish  Commission, 
has  visited  Stanford  University,  California,  for  the 
purpose  of  conferring  with  Professor  David  Starr 
Jordan,  the  United  States  Commissioner.  Both 
commissioners  are  reported  to  have  drawn  up  a 
set  of  proposed  regulations  for  the  international 
fisheries,  and  these  will  be  compared,  and  if  pos- 
sible, amalgamated.  The  final  code  will  be  sub- 
mitted to  the  Federal  parliament  and  the  United 
States  Congress.  After  ratification  by  these  two 
bodies  the  regulations  will  apply  to  all  interna- 
tional fishing  waters  and  be  enforced  on  both  sides 
of  the  line. 


The  sleigh  roads  have  been  broken  up  for  some 
time  and  the  population  of  Gowganda  is  somewhat 
troubled  about  getting  in  and  out  from  the  front. 
The  Bisco-Gowganda  canoe  route  seems  to  be  the 
solution  of  the  problem.  This  has  always  been 
the  best  canoe  route  in  the  early  spring,  because 
there  is  little  or  no  upstream  work.  It  is  easy 
and  safe  as  compared  with  paddling  up  the  Mont- 
real, Sturgeon,  or  Wahnapitae  rivers.  This  canoe 
route  will  be  open  on  or  before  May  15th.  This 
does  not  mean  the  launch-wagon  route,  which  will 
open  later,  and  which  was  commenced  as  =?oon  as 
the  men  could  be  put  upon  the  work.  By  this 
route  the  lakes  are  connected  by  wagon  roads,  thus 
reducing  the  portages  to  five  or  six  in  all.  Pieces 
of  machinery  one  ton  in  weight  can  be  carried 
when  the  route  is  completed.  Nearly  three-quar- 
ters of  the  route  is  by  water,  so  that  gool  time 
will  be  made.  Until  the  wagon  stretches  are 
finished  the  canoe  routes  will  be  open.  Messrs. 
Booth  &  Shannon,  lumbermen,  Bisco,  Ontario,  will 
undertake  the  opening  of  the  route,  sub-letting 
the  wagon  portions,  in  sections,  by  contract.  This 
new  route  will  be  much  the  best  to  Minniesinaqua, 


76 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Fort  Metagami,  Shinning-tree,  and  Duncan's  Lake, 
all  of  which  points  will  be  the  Meccas  of  the  pros- 
pector next  year,  and  with  good  reason.  The  exact 
cost  of  this  trip  has  not  yet  been  worked  out.  but 
it  will  probably  be  a  little  cheaper  and  a  little 
more  comfortable  than  any  other  route. 


A  neAv  patrol  boat  has  been  placed  on  the  St. 
Lawrence  at  Kingston  by  the  Ontario  Fisheries 
Department,  and  the  one  at  Kingston  has  been 
transferred  to  the  Kawartha  Lakes. 


Many  warnings  have  been  issued  on  the  subject 
of  our  decreasing  timber  supply,  and  we  may  hope 
for  some  effective  steps  being  taken  in  the  matter 
when  such  men  as  Mr.  M.  A.  Robertson,  of  St. 
Paul,  Minn.,  who  is  financially  interested  in  timber 
on  both  sides  of  the  line,  describes  the  situation 
as  "a  positive  danger  to  the  welfare  of  the  coun- 
try." "The  great  fault  of  the  present,  and  which 
will  cause  distress  in  the  future,  is  the  failure  to 
protect  timber  areas.  Contracting  companies  cut 
away  heavy  timber  and  leave  the  undergrowth  ex- 
posed to  danger  of  fire  or  the  undergrowth  is  de- 
stroyed, to  make  either  waste  or  farm  land.  Thus 
young  growths  perish  and  nothing  remains  to 
replace  them."  Surely  it  is  time  our  governments 
awoke  to  their  responsibilities  in  these  matters. 


Gas  is  escaping  from  the  Gas  Company's  works 
in  London,  Ont.,  to  the  River  Thames,  and  the  local 
Anglers'  Association  is  making  formal  complaints 
of  the  same.  If  no  steps  are  taken  to  remedy  the 
nuisance  the  services  of  the  Dominion  government 
will  be  called  in,  as  the  Thames  is  a  navigable  river. 


Two  young  men  from  Lotbiniere  were  each  fined 
$40  and  costs  at  Quebec  for  killing  a  deer  with  a 
stick.  The  men  pleaded  that  they  did  not  know 
they  were  violating  the  law  by  what  they  did.  The 
cases  were  brought  at  the  instance  of  the  Quebec 
Fish  and  Game  Protective  Association. 


At  a  meeting  of  the  Yarmouth  branch  of  the 
People's  Game  and  Fish  Protective  Association  of 
Nova  Scotia  it  was  reported  that  the  committee 
had  sent  in  applications  through  Mr.  B.  Law,  M.P., 
to  the  Department  of  Marine  and  Fisheries  for  the 
following  fry:  100,000  salmon  fry  for  Pearl  Lake, 
Kemptville;  100,000  salmon  fry  for  Hooper's  Lake, 
Deerfield;  20,000  trout  fry  for  Lake  Annis. 

A  reply  had  been  received  from  the  Minister  of 
Marine  and  Fisheries  to  the  effect  that  the  order 
would  be  filled,  and  sent  along  in  due  course.  Re- 
ports were  received  re  the  Kedgemakoodge  Rod 
and  Gun  Club  bill,  which  has  been  introduced  in 
the  local  house.  Letters  were  read  from  the  local 
government  members,  Mr.  LeBlanc  and  Mr.  Arm- 
strong, assuring  members  that  the  people's  rights 
would  be  protected.  Great  credit  is  due  Mr.  Arm- 
stronog  for  his  very  able  criticism  of  the  bill  and 
his  fight  for  public  rights,  which  took  place  when 
the  bill  came  before  the  house  for  the  second  read- 
ing. As  long  as  this  bill  contains  anv  clause  which 
will  deprive  the  common  people  of  their  right  to 


free  hunting  and  fishing  on  the  wild  lands  which 
the  company  have  leased,  the  game  association  will 
do  all  in  its  power  to  stop  the  bill  from  being 
passed.  If  the  Legislature  passes  the  act  of  in- 
corporation asked  for  by  the  company  it  will  be 
inserting  the  thin  end  of  the  wedge  by  establishing 
a  precedent  which  will  in  time  only  work  evil  to 
tne  province  and  the  people  at  large.  The  bill  to 
amend  the  Game  Act  as  introduced  by  Chief 
Game  Commissioner  Knight  was  read  and  dis- 
cussed. Two  important  clauses  recommended  by 
the  Guides'  Association  are  included  in  the  bill. 
These  are  in  reference  to  a  tag  system,  and  the  ex- 
porting of  all  raw  fur. 

The  treasurer's  report  as  read  shows  that  all 
bills  are  paid  up  to  date,  with  a  small  balance  in 
hand.  The  association  should  be  congratulated  on 
the  progress  which  has  been  made  during  the  last 
few  months.  There  are  now  about  300  members 
in  town  and  country,  a  large  number  of  which  are 
in  a  quiet  way  working  for  better  game  and  fish 
protection. 


The  Allcock,  Laight  &  Westwood  Co.,  of  Toronto, 
are  again  to  the  front  this  season  with  the  very 
best  contrivance  for  holding  a  reel  securely  on  a 
fishing  rod  so  tight  that  it  cannot  by  any  possibil- 
ity become  loose  except  when  the  thumb-screw, 
which  is  a  simple  contrivance  on  the  reel-band,  is 
turned  to  admit  the  same.  It  is  well  known  among 
fishermen  the  great  inconvenience  arising  from  the 
reel  becoming  loose  on  the  rod  when  being  used, 
which  too  frequently  occurs,  so  that  this  improve- 
ment will  be  heartily  welcomed  by  every  person 
using  a  fishing  rod  and  reel. 


The  Ontario  government  has  leased  Gibson  Pond, 
in  Holmedale  district,  of  Brantford,  as  a  fish  hatch- 
ery for  the  purpose  of  restocking  the  Grand  river 
with  bass. 


Mr.  E.  H.  Armstrong,  M.  P.  P.  for  Yarmouth, 
has  presented  to  the  Nova  Scotian  Legislature  a 
petition  containing  2,500  names  from  residents  Oj 
Yarmouth,  Digby,  Annapolis,  Hants,  Kings  and 
Halifax  counties,  asking  that  fish  and  game  be 
preserved  for  the  benefit  of  the  people;  that  all 
have  a  right  to  the  streams  and  lakes,  and  to  bo 
permitted  to  hunt  over  all  uncultivated  lands.  In 
other  words,  the  petition  asks  that  fish  and  game 
be  vested  in  the  Crown  and  that  no  private  rights 
be  granted. 


It  pays  to  make  just  as  big  claims  in  advertising 
as  your  goods  will  warrant,  and  no  more.  Tho 
Gold  Medal  Camp  Furniture  Manufacturing  Co,,  of 
Racine,  Wisconsin,  have  advertised  for  a  number 
of  years  a  camp  bed  weighing  seventeen  pounds 
which  they  guarantee  to  support  over  half  a  ton. 
The  United  States  government  has  tested  the 
claims  of  this  company  with  the  result  that  Uncle 
Sam  has  ordered  in  the  past  few  years  over  200,000 
of  these  beds,  besides  many,  other  thousands  of 
camp  tables,  chairs  and  bath  tubs  made  by  the 
same  company. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


77 


1  I 

A  WILD  COOSE 

is  not  to  be  had  every  day  in  the  season,  and  the  wise  hunter  will  be  always  prepared 
for  a  long  shot  by  using  only  Dominion  Ammunition.  Every  shell  can  be  depended  upon 
to  get  results.    If  you  aim  right  you  get  your  goose. 

Hunters,  trap-shooters  and  target-shooters  all  over  Canada  are  talking  about  the 
wonderful  dependability  of  Dominion  improved  and  proved  cartridges  and  shot  shells. 
It  is  all  in  the  Dominion  System  of  testing,  which  is  just  a  little  more  up-to-date  and  sure 
than  any  other  method.    Every  cartridge  or  shot  shell  is  Guaranteed  Sure. 

All  standard  loads  for  all  sizes  and  makes  of  firearms.  Better  than  the  best  imported 
ammunition,  and  cheaper  because  Made  in  Canada.    Have  you  our  new  catalogue? 

lM/VMlMVM  J   DOMINION  CARTRIDGE  CO.,  Ltd. 

IMPROVED  AND  PROVED 
AMWlWtTtOO  MONTREAL 

The  future  of  the  Indian  reserves  has  become  a 
live  question  in  Nova  Scotia  owing  to  the  Domin- 
ion issuing  a  lease  of  one  such  reserve,  no  longer 
used  by  the  Indians.  Mr.  E.  H.  Armstrong,  M. 
P.  P..  fo^  Yarmouth,  asked  a  series  of  questions  on 
the  subject,  in  the  Legislature,  and  the  following 
were  the  official  replies: 

1.  The  government  has  records  showing  the  lo- 
cation and  area  of  lands  reserved  for  Indians. 

2.  None  of  such  lands,  to  the  Knowledge  of  the 
government,  have  been  alienated,  leased  or  other- 
wise disposed  of  since  July  1st,  1867. 

3.  There  has  been  no  correspondence  between 
the  present  Federal  government  and  the  Indian 
Department  and  this  government  with  reference 
to  the  so-called  Indian  reserves. 

4.  The  government  has  no  knowledge  that  any 
of  the  so-called  Indian  lands  are  held  by  parties 
other  than  Indians,  and  for  other  purposes  than 
Indian  reserves. 

5.  The  report  of  the  Crown  Lands  Officer,  show- 
ing the  area  of  ungranted  lands  to  the  Province, 
does  not  include  under  that  head  lands  set  apart 
for  Indian  reserves. 


For  the  approaching  vacation  season  and  its  kin- 
dred joys,  there  is  nothing  more  serviceable  and 
necessary  for  an  out-door  mans  or  boy's  equip- 
ment than  a  Stevens  Small-Bore  Rifle.  Such  up-to- 
date  and  meritorious  models  as  the  Stevens-May- 
nard,  Jr.,  No.  15,  Crack  Shot  No.  16,  Little  Krag 


No.  65,  and  Favorite  N.  17  Rifles  have  for  years 
been  acknowledged  to  be  without  an  equal  in  their 
class — have  always  been  considered  the  pioneer 
small-bore  arms  of  efficiency.  All  progressive 
hardware  and  sporting  goods  merchants  carry  Ste- 
vens Rifles  in  stock  and  are  in  position  to  supply 
them  at  discounts  from  list  prices.  We  would  ear- 
nestly recommend  that  all  prospective  campers, 
canoeists,  vacationists,  yachtsmen,  etc.,  be  sure  to 
include  a  Stevens  Rifle  in  their  equipment  for  the 
"great  out-of-doors."  For  small  game  and  target 
shooting,  these  time-honored  rifles  are  positively 
unexcelled,  and  their  popular  price  places  them 
within  the  reach  of  all.  The  bull's-eye  accuracy 
of  Stevens  Rifles  is  almost  proverbial,  and  they 
hold  numerous  records. 


Mr.  Reginald  Gourlay,  of  Picton,  Ont.,  who  is 
well  known  to  many  of  our  readers  through  his 
contributions  to  our  pages,  writes  thus  on  the  poi- 
soning of  dogs : 

The  massacre  of  the  innocents,  by  which  I  mean 
in  this  instance,  valuable  dogs,  still  goes  on.  The 
notices  in  the  press,  and  the  disgust  of  all  decent 
people,  seem  powerless  to  stop  it.  But  what  peo- 
ple most  complain  of  is,  that  in  Picton,  alone,  of 
all  other  Ontario  towns,  apparently  no  effort  at 
all  has  been  made  or  is  being  made,  to  stop  or 
even  to  mitigate  it. 

Of  the  mean  cruelty  of  the  crime  there  is  no 
need  to  speak.    Caspar  Whitney,  of  Outing  Maga- 


78 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


zine,  in  his  article  on  the  "dog  poisoner,"  said 
very  truly,  that  "a  man  or  woman  who  poison's 
another  person's  dog  out  of  spite,  is  capable  of 
poisoning  the  dog's  owner  if  he,  or  she,  was  not 
too  big  a  coward  to  run  the  risk." 

We  heard  some  time  ago  that  licensed  dogs  were 
to  be  tagged,  a  thing  that  has  been  done  long  ago 
in  some  places,  but  the  idea  seems  to  have  gone  to 
that  place  which  the  learned  Dr.  Johnson  said  was 
"paved  with  good  intentions." 

"Tagging"  licensed  dogs  would  not  prevent  their 
picking  up  the  poisoned  parts  which  are  periodically 
scattered  about  the  town  as  thickly  as  our  "Citi- 
zens of  Leisure"  are  on  the  packing  boxes,  bridges, 
docks,  and  edges  of  sidewalks  during  the  summer; 
but  it  would  do  something  to  lessen  the  army  of 
unlicensed  curs  that  swarm  about  the  town,  who 
are  mostly  owned  by  the  aforesaid  "Citizens  or 
Gentlemen  of  Leisure/'  and  who  seem  to  possess 
as  strange  an  immunity  from  poison  as  their  own- 
ers have  from  taxation.  At  least  ten  well-bred 
dogs  fall  victims  where  one  cur  does. 

Surely  the  citizen  who  pays  his  dog  tax  honestly 
should  have  some  protection.  There's  a  good  old 
proverb  that  says:  "Where  there's  a  will  there's  a 
way."  <  . 

I  may  also  add  that  in  my  opinion  every  person 
paying  his  dog  tax  enters  into  a  contract  with 
the  town,  and  the  town  enters  into  one  with  him. 
A  contract  at  law  consists  of  three  things— a  re- 
quest, a  consideration,  and  a  promise.  The  tax- 
payer by  paying  his  dox  tax  fulfills  his  part  of  the 
contract  (the  consideration  part),  and  in  return 
the  town  promises  to  grant  his  request  to  give  his 
dog,  within  the  limits  of  the  town,  proper  and  rea- 
sonable protection.  Now,  it  is  not  proper  and  rea- 
sonable protection  to  allow  the  streets  of  the  town 
to  be  littered  with  balls  of  lard  with  strychninein 
them,  dog  biscuits  ditto,  bits  of  cake  sprinkled  with 
arsenic  for  possibly  some  toddling  child  to  pick  up, 
bits  of  fish  tied  up  with  a  string  and  containing 
ground  glass  (  a  most  horrible  poison).  I  may 
add  that  all  lawyers  of  standing  in  other  cities  and 
towns  must  agree  with  this,  and  that  one  of  the 
most  prominent  lawyers  in  this  county  certainly 
does  agree  with  this  opinion. 


There  are  so  many  places  in  British  Columbia 
where  the  hunter  and  fisherman  can  satisfy  his  de- 
sires that  it  would  seem  almost  superfluous  to 
make  mention  of  any  particular  district,  but  when 
we  hear  of  a  specially  attractive  place  it  is  surely 
worthy  of  mention,  as  the  number  of  fishing 
waters  in  the  world  will  never  increase,  though 
fresh  devotees  of  the  rod  and  rifle  are  born  every 
day.  Therefore  it  seems  fit  to  make  mention  of 
the  fishing  at  North  Bend,  B.  C.  Here  you  will 
find  comfortable  quarters  at  the  Fraser  Canyon 
House.  Tn  July  and  August  there  is  some  of  the 
finest  fly  fishing  for  rainbow  trout  that  any  place 
could  offer.  The  fish  run  from  one  to  five  pounds, 
and  our  informant  states  that  on  the  last  occasion 
he  was  fishing  the  catch  consisted  of  twenty-seven 
fish  weighing  fifty-five  pounds,  and  occupied  only 
four  hours.  So  much  for  the  fishing.  In  the 
same  neighborhood  in  April  and  May  there  is  fine 
bear  hunting,  both  grizzly  and  black,  and  in  Sep- 


tember and  October  the  country  south  of  this  cen- 
tre is  good  for  deer  and  goat.  One  man  hunting 
from  here  last  September,  in  six  days  got  one 
grizzly,  one  black  bear,  two  goats,  and  three  deer, 
and  we  are  assured  that  this  was  nothing  excep- 
tional. Those  intending  to  visit  North  Bend 
should  apply  to  J.  C.  Clarence,  Fraser  Canyon 
House,  North  Bend,  B.  C,  who  will  give  further 
information,  and  who  knows  of  the  best  guides  in 
the  neighborhood. 


The  programme  of  the  spring  meeting  of  the 
Ontario  Jockey  Club,  always  a  fine  one,  is  partic- 
ularly attractive  this  year.  With  its  richness  in 
events  for  high-class  horses  it  is  certain  that 
good  racing  will  be  seen,  and  the  reputation  of  the 
meet,  as  the  greatest  social  and  sporting  event  in 
the  Dominion,  well  maintained.  On  the  opening 
day,  May  22nd,  the  King's  Plate  will  evoke  wide- 
spread interest,  but  the  programme  is  so  arranged 
that  this  interest  will  be  fully  kept  up  at  a  high 
pitch  till  the  closing  event  on  June  5th.  In  accord- 
ance with  custom,  the  Governor  General  of  Canada 
(Earl  Grey)  and  Lady  Grey  will  attend  the  meet 
at  which  the  racing  will  interest  all  horse  lovers. 
The  horses  will  easily  occupy  the  first  place  in  the 
attention  of  the  large  gatherings,  although  the 
fashionable  assemblages  will  not  be  without  their 
special  attractions  for  many  people. 


Mr  John  B.  Thompson,  of  Doniphon,  Mo.,  de- 
scribes in  a  very  interesting  manner  to  fishermen, 
the  difficulties  he  met  with  in  angling  on  the  Cur- 
rent river  in  Arkansas.  He  was  on  the  river  dur- 
ing a  time  of  drought,  when  fishing  was  very  un- 
certain both  for  the  bait  caster  and  the  lover  of 
the  fly  rod.  Under  the  shelving  bluffs  the  gamy 
small-mouth  bass  thrive  and  grow  to  a  large  size. 
Owing  to  the  currents,  however,  few  are  taken, 
and  Mr.  Thompson,  after  many  unsuccessful  at- 
tempts, left,  vowing  never  to  return.  Anglers' 
resolutions,  however,  are  not  to  be  depended  upon 
and  later  in  the  year  he  was  found  at  the  same 
place.  Fast  waters  and  eddies  presented  such  dif- 
ficulties that  he  tried  in  vain  until  he  found 
amongst  his  tackle  one  of  Hildebrandt's  tandem 
spinners  with  a  buck-tail  fly  hook.  While  to  his 
surprise  the  spinner  worked  very  easily  with 
scarcely  any  manipulation  of  the  reel,  he  did  not 
secure  a  rise.  A  few  rods  lower  down  a  huge  rock 
jutting  out  almost  six  feet  or  so  in  the  water 
formed  a  barrier  against  the  swift  current  and  left 
a  deep  hole  of  still  water.  "Hardly  had  five  feet 
of  the  line  been  reeled  in  when  I  felt  a  strike,  a 
peculiar  strike,  and  as  I  struck  the  fish  it  just  ap- 
peared to  take  the  line  as  it  pleased,  bearing  down 
to  the  bottom  with  a  showing  of  strength  I  had  not 
expected  of  a  fish,  nor  have  I  ever  seen  any  since." 
The  battle  proved  a  long  one,  and  "not  even  the 
so-called  king  of  game  fish,  the  salmon,  ever  puts 
up  the  perpetual  grinding  fight  from  the  moment 
he  is  hooked  till  landed  as  the  small-mouth  bass." 
Finally,  by  much  delicate  handling,  he  was  coaxed 
into  the  landing  net,  and  an  hour  after  he  was 
taken  from  the  water  he  drew  the  scales  down  to 
five  pounds.  Mr.  Thompson  adds:  "When  I  survey 
a  fighter  like  this,  the  moment  he  is  safe  and  out 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA  79 


The  College  Boy 

Keeps  his  Nerves  steady  for  sport — 
His  Brain  clear  for  study — on 

POSTUM 

"There's  a  Reason'' 

Let  a  change  from  coffee  to  Postum  tell 
its  own  tale  of  better  feelings 

Postum  Cereal  Co,  Ltd.,  Battle  Creek,  Mich,  U.S.A. 
«  ,  __ 


30 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


of  the  water,  the  temptation  comes  to  me  to  re- 
turn him  to  his  former  home,  and  probably  I  would 
do  it  if  I  felt  that  the  fates  would  bring  him  back 
to  give  me  battle  once  more." 

A  correspondent  says:  The  days  for  camping 
out  and  fishing  are  now  upon  us  again  and  I  want 
to  enlighten  those  who  are  contemplating  this  kind 
of  an  outing  about  one  thing,  and  that  ts  cooking 
fish.  While  this  is  one  of  the  easiest  ways  of 
cooking  fish,  it  is  absolutely  the  best,  and  it  makes 
no  difference  what  species  they  are,  bass,  pike, 
croppie,  sunfish  or  bullheads.  Having  built  a  fire 
of  a  size  in  proportion  to  the  amount  of  food  to  be 
cooked,  let  it  burn  down  to  a  glowing  mass  of 
coals  and  ashes.  Wash  and  season  your  fish  well 
and  then  wrap  them  up  in  clean,  fresh  grass,  leaves 
or  bark.  Then,  after  scraping  away  the  greater 
part  of  the  coals,  put  the  fish  among  the  ashes, 
cover  up  with  the  same  and  heap  the  glowing  coals 
on  top.  The  fish  cooks  quickly  —  fifteen  or  twenty 
minutes  —  according  to  their  size.  If  you  once 
eat  fish  or  game  cooked  after  this  fashion  you  will 
agree  with  me  that  it  cannot  be  beaten  by  any 
method  known  to  camp  culinary  savants.  Clay 
also  answers  the  purpose  of  protecting  the  fish  or 
game  from  the  fire,  if  no  other  material  is  at  hand, 
or  for  anything  that  requires  more  time  for  cook- 
ing it  makes  the  best  covering.  Wet  paper  will 
answer,  especially  for  cooking  fish.  Try  it  some 
afternoon  when  you  are  up  at  Cut-Off  and  see  if 
it  don't  beat  the  best  efforts  of  any  skilled  chef 
you  have  been  familiar  with. 


"A  fishing  line  worth  $2,000?" 

"Yes,  sir." 

"I  don't  believe  it." 

"It's  the  truth.  It's  a  codfish  line.  It's  one  of 
those  lines  to  which  you  owe  your  Sunday  morn- 
ing codfish  balls  and  your  less  appetizing  but 
equally  helpful  cod  liver  oil.  These  codfish  lines, 
you  see,  are  frequently  eight  miles  long.  They 
have  4,680  hooks.  They'll  often  land  2,500  cod. 
No  wonder  they  cost  $2,000,  eh?" 


Fishermen  take  a  more  philosophic  view  of  chance 
and  fate  than  any  other  brotherhood.  <JYou'll 
find  there  are  no  fish  in  that  pond."  "What  did 
you  tell  me  that  for?  Now  you've  spoiled  my 
whole  day's  fishing." 


No  fisherman  should  be  unacquainted  with  the 
hand-made  fishing  tackle  of  the  John  J.  Hilde- 
brandt  Company,  408  Fourth  street,  Logansport, 
Ind.  Mr.  Hildebrandt  started  making  tackle  for 
himself,  and  succeeding  so  well  he  obliged'  his 
friends  by  doing  them  a  similar  service.  Those 
who  used  the  tackle  caught  fish,  and  naturally  told 
all  their  friends,  with  the  result  that  Mr.  Hilde- 
brandt was  forced  to  give  up  his  whole  time  to  the 
business.  He  has  won  the  same  success  in  the 
wider  field  as  in  the  more  restricted  one,  and  be- 
lieves his  success  to  be  largely  due  to  the  fact  that 
he  gives  the  same  care  and  attention  to  his  pro- 
ducts today  as  when  they  were  only  few  in  num- 
ber. His  spinners  are  without  swivels,  and  as  they 
spin  perfectly  they  are  much  appreciated  by  fish- 


ermen. The  reversible  spoon  carrier  used  on  the 
Hildebrandt  baits  allow  the  spoons  to  reverse  in 
playing  a  fish,  so  "the  weeds  and  grass  will  not 
catch  in  the  same.  A  fine  catalogue  has  been  is- 
sued describing  all  the  baits  in  detail  and  illus- 
trating them  fully.  Fishermen  can  make  their 
own  selections  and  experience  will  soon  demon- 
strate their  value.  The  variety  is  so  great  that 
every  fisherman  following  all  kinds  of  fishing  in 
different  parts  of  the  country  should  be  able  to  se- 
cure satisfaction.  Mr.  Hildebrandt  is  particularly 
proud  of  his  Rig-A-Ma-Jig,  which  he  illustrates 
in  colors,  and  which  places  the  bait  caster  on  an 
equality  with  the  fly  caster.  Three  flies  made  up 
in  colors  on  one  lead,  with  a  pearl  blade,  the  flies 
instantly  interchangeable  with  a  Hildebrandt  con- 
necting link,  is,  the  company  contend,  a  legitimate 
step  forward  in  the  art  of  fishing  tackle  production. 
Mr.  Hildebrandt  also  emphasizes  the* fact  that  his 
tackle  being  hand  made,  he  is  at  all  times  pre- 
pared to  vary  his  baits  in  order  to  meet  the  wishes 
of  individual  fishermen.  In  this  way  practical  ex- 
perience, the  most  reliable  guide,  will  demonstrate 
the  best  form  the  fishing  tackle  should  take-  in 
different  localities,  and  in  the  case  of  an  individual 
fisherman,  the  best  suited  to  his  habits.  The 
catalogue  ought  to*  be  in  the  hands  of  all  fishermen 
readers. 

The  Canadian  north,  according  to  Mr.  A.  N. 
Stewart,  of  Chicago,  "is  a  wonderland  that  has  no 
equal  in  its  class  on  the  face  of  the  globe."  He 
places  the  possibilities  of  the  north  in  the  following 
order:  First,  mining;  second,  forest  products; 
third,  agriculture;  fourth,  the  furs  and  fisheries. 
"There  is  nothing  like  the  wonderfully  pure  silver 
ores  of  the  north  anywhere  in  the  known  world. 
They  must  exert  an  influence  in  silver  mining  con- 
ditions in  every  country."  These  statements  by 
an  expert  are  well  worth  reproduction  and  consid- 
eration. 


At  a  meeting  of  the  Chatham  branch  of  the  On- 
tario Fish  and  Game  Association  it  was  unani- 
mously resolved  that  the  secretary  write  the  Hon. 
Dr.  Reaume,  Minister  of  Public  Works,  protesting 
in  the  strongest  manner  possible  against  the  ac- 
tion of  the  department  in  extending  the  time  for 
hoop-net  fishing  in  Lake  St.  Clair  from  April  15th, 
the  regular  closing  time,  to  May  1st. 

The  association  begs  to  present  the  following 
reasons  why  their  open  season  should  not  have  been 
extended: 

1.  The  government  experts  have  determined 
that  after  April  15th  all  fishes  are  moving  to  the 
smaller  waters  of  the  lakes  and  streams  to  spawn. 

2.  That  owing  to  the  excessive  number  of  hoop 
nets  which  infest  the  shores  of  the  lake— a  number 
far  in  excess  of  what  should  be  allowed  considering 
the  extent  of  the  waters — the  fish  are  nearly  all 
caught  in  the  nets  and  do  not  reach  their  spawning 
grounds,  there  to  reproduce  and  multiply. 

This  association  feels  that  such  extension  of  time 
to  fish  with  hoop  nets  from  April  15th  to  May  1st 
is  not  in  the  interest  of  fish  protection,  but  on  the 
contrary,  will  lead  to  fish  extermination,  and  fur- 
ther, "that  it  is  not  in  the  interests*  of  the  people. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


ver  Johnson 

SAFETY  AUTOMATIC  REVOLVER. 


Absolutely  proof  against  carelessness,  or  accidental  shooting. 
Throw  it  down  stairs,  let  it  fall  to  the  floor— or 

Hammer  the  Hammer 

—any  test  you  make  will  prove  the  positive  safety 
of  an  Iver  Johnson  Safety  Automatic  Revolver. 
No  "lock,  '  no_  "lever."  no  device  of  any 
kind  for  you  to  "work" — this  safety  feature 
is  entirely  automatic,  a  part  of  the  firing 
mechanism.  There  is  only  one  way  to  dis- 
charge it— pull  the  trigger  all  the  way  back. 
Then  it  shoots  true  and  hits  hard. 

Shots'"— it  clearly  explains  this  positive  safety 


Iver  Johnson  Safety  Hammer  Revolver  r 

Richly  nickeled.  22  cal.  rim-bre  or  32  cal.  center  "7  C  fl 
fire,  3-in  bbl.;  or  38  cal.  center-fire,  3%-in,  bbl.  /  .JU 
Extra  length  barrel  or  blued  finish  at  slight  extra  cost. 


Iver  Johnson  Safety  Hammerless  Revolver 

Richly  nickeled,  32  calibre  center-fire.  3-inch  0  £fl 
barrel ;  or  38  cal ibre  center-fire,  3%-inch  barrel  O  ■  <J  y 
Extra  length  bbl.  or  blued  finish  at  slight  extra  cost. 


Sold  by  Hardware  and  Sporting  Goods  dealers  everywhere,  or  sent  prepaid  on  receipt  of  price  if  dealer  will 
not  supply.   Look  for  the  owl's  head  on  the  grip  and  our  name  on  the  barrel. 

Iver  Johnson's  Arms  &  Cycle  Works,  157    River  St.,  Fitchburg,  Mass. 

NewYork:  99 Chambers  St.— Hamburg.Germany:  Pickhuben 4— San  Francisco:  Phil.B.BekeartCo..  717  MarketSt. 
Makers  of  Iver  Johnson  Single  Barrel  Shotguns  and  Truss  Bridge  Bicycles 


Signed  on  behalf  of  the  Association:  N.  H.  Ste- 
vens, president. 

The  secretary  was  notified  to  forward  a  copy  of 
the  above  resolution  to  George  W.  Sulman,  M.P.P. 
for  West  Kent. 

The  London  branch  joined  with  Chatham  in  mak- 
ing this  protest.  The  latter  also  instituted  en- 
quiries as  to  alleged  breaches  of  the  law  by  fisher- 
men at  Port  Stanley. 


A  finely  printed,  well  gotten-up  catalogue,  is  the 
latest  one  issued  by  the  Lefever  Arms  Company, 
Syracuse,  N.  Y.  On  the  cover,  quietly  and  taste- 
fully illustrated  with  a  duck-hunting  scene,  appears 
only  tne  name  of  the  company,  and  beneath  the 
illustration,  the  words,  "Guns  of  Lasting  Fame." 
The  shooting  qualities  of  the  Lefever  are  dwelt 
upon  —  its  simplicity,  strength  and  durability. 
One  page  is  entirely  devoted  to  cataloguing  the 
exclusive  mechanical  advantages  of  the  Lefever 
gun.  The  company  was  the  first  in  America  to 
manufacture  hammerless  shotguns,  and  with  half 
a  century's  experience  they  are  proud  of  their  pro- 
ductions. As  they  well  put  it:  "We  are  special- 
ists. Many  of  us  have  been  at  the  work  of  building 
guns  since  we  were  boys.  We  like  it  and  we  are 
proud  of  our  guns."  It  is  the  aim  of  the  company 
to  give  "every  user  the  advantage  of  every  shoot- 
ing quality  in  its  final  perfection  i  The  aim  is  a 
high  one  and  the  company  claim  to  live  up  to  it. 
The  illustrations  of  the  guns  are  very  fine,- so  full 
and  plain,  indeed,  that  every  gunner  will  find  a 
delight  in  dwelling  upon  them.     There  are  many 


points  and  suggestions  included  which  will  appeal 
to  the  sportsman.  The  weights  and  lengths  of 
barrels,  stocks,  extras,  ideal  gun-barrel  cleaner,  net 
price  list  of  parts  for  Lefever  guns,  table  showing 
number  of  pellets  with  different  measures  and  size 
of  shot,  with  plentiful  information  regarding  am- 
munition, make  the  catalogue  a  valuable  one  for 
constant  reference,  and  its  appearance  will  be 
creditable  upon  any  table.  The  Lefever  Company 
are  to  be  congratulated  upon  such  an  artistic  pro- 
duction, and  upon  the  fact  that  they  have  not  over- 
looked utility  in  its  production,  but  combined  the 
two  in  a  most  effective  manner.  Interested  read- 
ers who  wish  for  a  copy  should  address  the  com- 
pany at  Syracuse,  N.  Y. 


A  forward  move  has  been  made  on  the  part  of 
the  Canadian  Forestry  Association  in  appointing 
a  secretary,  who  shall  devote  all  his  time  to  the 
work.  It  has  been  felt  for  some  time  that  the  sub- 
ject is  so  important  that  the  work  could  no  longer 
be  done  as  a  labor  of  love  on  the  part  of  a  man  busy 
in  some  other  work.  The  association  looked  about 
for  a  man  who  would  combine  the  requisite  quali- 
ties of  knowledge  of  forestry  and  writing  and  lec- 
turing ability,  in  order  to  handle  the  publications 
of  the  society  and  to  present  the  subject  before 
audiences  throughout  the  country.  They  have  se- 
lected from  among  a  number  of  available  men  Mr. 
James  Lawler,  a  well-known  newspaper  man  of 
Toronto,  who  has  given  a  great  deal  of  time  to  the 
study  of  forestry  questions.  He  will  have  an  office 
at  No.  11  Queen's  Park,  Toronto,  and  it  is  expect- 


82 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Quality  Counts 


That's  the  reason  why  "M.R.M." 
SHOT  has  such  a  large  sale. 

Been  on  the  market  now  for  over 
thirty  years,  and  today  has  a  larger 
sale  than  all  other  makes  combined. 

Always  uniform,  round  and  true 
to  size. 

Specify  "M.R.M."  when  ordering. 


THE  MONTREAL  ROLLING  MILLS 

CO. 


ed  will,  during  the  year,  do  a  good  deal  of  travell- 
ing throughout  the  country,  lecturing  before  var- 
ious public  bodies,  extending  the  membership  of  the 
association,  and  generally  stirring  up  interest  in  the 
state  of  our  forest  resources.  It  is  expected  that 
the  organ  of  the  association,  The  Canadian  Forestry 
Journal,  will  be  made  more  popular  and  less  techni- 
cal in  character,  and  thus  adapted  to  a  wider  con- 
stituency. It  is  expected  that  local  associations 
will  be  formed  in  different  parts  of  the  Dominion, 
and  that  during  the  coming  year  there  will  be 
meetings  at  Regina,  Montreal  and  Fredericton  on 
the  subject  of  forest  conservation,  so  that  the  out- 
look is  for  a  busy  season  and  one  in  which  the  pub- 
lic will  be  more  than  ever  aroused  on  the  subject 
of  protecting  tneir  forests. 


After  a  long  trip  by  land  and  water  over  a  hun- 
dred brace  of  partridges,  were  on  Tuesday,  April 
20th,  fluttering  to  freedom  in  the  bright  Alberta 
sunshine.  They  were  the  second  consignment 
which  have  been  brought  out  by  the  Alberta  Fish 
and  Game  Protective  Association.  By  the  same 
shipment  there  was  also  received  sixty  head  of 
pheasants.  These  birds  are  being  liberated  in 
various  parts  of  the  Province.  Fifteen  brace  are 
being  sent  north  to  Alix,  twenty  brace  go  down  to 
the  High  River  district,  twenty-five  brace  go  to 
Pekisko,  and  fifty  brace  are  getting  their  freedom 
west  of  Calgary.  The  pheasants,  fifty  hens  and 
ten  cocks,  are  also  being  turned  loose  west  of  Cal- 
gary. Just  a  year  ago  a  first  consignment  of 
partridges  was  received,  and  their  health  and  well- 
being  has  been  a  matter  for  congratulation  among 


the  members  of  the  society.  They  are  very  pro- 
lific, and  the  broods  averaged  thirteen  chicks,  and 
in  one  lot  there  were  seventeen  young  ones.  •  As 
they  are  protected  by  law  until  1911,  there  is  every 
indication  that  by  that  time  there  will  be  a  good 
supply  of  these  game  birds  in  the  Province.  In 
the  case  of  the  pheasants  there  is  a  perpetual  in- 
junction against  their  slaughter;  in  both  instances 
any  one  killing  them  is  subject  to  a  heavy  fine. 
The  association  has  been  put  to  considerable  ex- 
pense in  securing  these  birds,  and  it  has  all  been 
raised  by  private  subscription,  and  the  members  of 
the  association  look  for  the  support  of  all  sports- 
men in  their  work  of  endeavoring  to  stock  nie  prai- 
rie with  these  game  birds. 


A  catalogue,  which  has  the  character  of  a  fine 
book  of  reference  on  fishing  and  fishing  supplies, 
comes  from  Messrs.  C.  Farlow  &  Co.,  Limited,  10 
Charles  street,  St.  James's  Square,  S.  W.,  and  191 
Strand,  W.  C,  both  these  addresses  being  in  Lon- 
don, England.  The  value  consists  in  the  practical 
and  varied  information  given,  while  the  attractive- 
ness of  the  book  is  largely  increased  by  the  three- 
color  printing  of  several  plates  of  flies.  For  over 
half  a  century  Messrs.  Farlow  have  been  favorably 
known  as  manufacturers  of  first-class  fishing  tackle 
suitable  for  all  parts  of  the  world,  and  during  that 
time  not  only  have  their  operations  widened,  but 
also  the  many  articles  now  thought  necessary  to 
a  fisherman's  complete  outfit.  As  far  back  as  1857 
down  to  the  Franco-British  Exhibition  of  last 
year,  when  they  took  the  grand  prix,  Messrs.  Far- 
low  have  won  favorable  commendation,  including 
medals,  diplomas  and  special  money  prizes,  and  they 
have  now  a  very  complete  collection.  A  glance 
through  their  catalogue  supplies  abundant  evi- 
dence to  account  for  such  successes,  and  reasons 
galore  for  a  closer  study.  Rods,  reels,  lines,  fly 
and  other  books,  pouches,  tackle  cases,  hooks, 
spoons,  flies,  spinners  and  lures,  baskets  and  nets, 
and  numerous  etceteras,  are  here  illustrated  and 
described  in  such  profusion  as  to  give  the  enthus- 
iastic fisherman  plenty  of  occupation  in  studying 
them.  It  is  easy  to  understand  how  fishermen 
will  go  back  again  and  again  to  such  a  catalogue, 
finding  each  time  something  new  to  arouse  either 
a  reminiscence  or  a  hope,  and  dwelling  with  pleas- 
ure upon  the  manner  in  which  all  their  possible 
wants  and  wishes  are  met.  Even  an  expert  can 
learn  much  from  such  a  catalogue,  while  to  the 
amateur  or  beginner  it  is  a  veritable  storehouse  of 
information.  The  flies  in  their  natural  colors  are 
beautiful,  the  models  of  specimen  fish  are  enough 
to  make  one  determine  to  possess  similar  ones  at 
the  first  opportunity;  and  the  whole  catalogue  is 
one  fisherman  will  do  well  to  posses.  A  full  page 
illustration  of  British  Columbian  trout  caught  in 
the  Harrison  river  with  one  rod,  which  together 
with  the  gut  and  flies  were  supplied  by  Farlow's 
give  a  Canadian  flavor  to  the  book,  and  prove  to 
demonstration  that  the  boast  of  the  firm  to  the 
effect  that  they  supply  tackle  suitable  to  any  part 
of  the  world,  is  one  they  can  make  good.  A  list 
of  books  on  angling,  completes  the  catalogue  and 
renders  it  of  value  as  a  book  to  keep  always  on 
hand,  prepared  for  ready  reference  at  all  times. 


SPORTS 
AFLOAT 

A  section  deOoted  to  those  Who  hraCe  wind  and  WaOe. 


YACHTING. 


The  R.  C.  Y.  C.  Annual. 

"We  have  buried  the  hatchet  with  Rochester," 
was  the  announcement  made  by  Commodore-elect 
C.  G.  Marlatt  at  the  annual  meeting  of  the  Royal 
Canadian  Yacht  Club.  During  tne  first  part  of  the 
proceedings  Commodore  Dr.  Albert  A.  Macdonald 
presided,  and,  in  presenting  the  annual  report,  com- 
mented on  the  excellent  position  of  the  club.  Fin- 
ancially the  year  had  been  satisfactory,  and 
$1,830.69  had  been  added  to  the  surplus,  after 
$3,000  had  been  added  to  the  rest  account.  The 
total  income  amounted  to  $34,613.33,  and  the  total 
membership  was  1,494.  During  the  year  consider- 
able improvements  had  been  effected  at  the  island 
and  the  marine  railway  completed. 

The  by-laws  were  amended,  increasing  the  limit 
of  senior  members  from  one  thousand  to  1,100,  and 
increasing  the  resident  members'  entrance  fee  to 
$100.    Mr.  Edwin  Utley  was  reappointed  auditor. 

Mr.  C.  G.  Marlatt  was  elected  commodore  by  ac- 
clamation, and,  in  thanking  the  members,  Mr.  Mar- 
latt announced  that  the  hatchet  had  been  buried 
with  Rochester,  and  as  a  result  regattas  would  be 
held  at  Rochester  and  Cobourg,  commencing  at  the 
former  place  about  July  21.  Mr.  Aemilius  Jarvis 
was  °lected  vice-commodore,  and  Mr.  Louis  S.  Mc- 
Murray.  treasurer,  also  by  acclamation.  Mr.  Frank 
M.  Gray  was  elected  rear  commodore,  and  the  fol- 
lowing were  elected  members  of  the  executive  com- 
mittee: D.  G.  Bremmer,  C.  A.  B.  Brown,  S.  B.  Bush, 
Dr.  Albert  Macdonald,  Alf.  W.  Smith,  Massey  Mor- 
ris, E.  Staunton,  Dr.  J.  D.  Thorburn,  E.  K.  W*.  Wedd 
and  T.  H.  Wood. 

A  vote  of  condolence  with  the  family  of  the  late 
Mr.  Thomas  Shortiss,  who  had  been  a  member  of 
the  club  for  fifty-five  years,  was  passed  on  the 
motion  of  Mr.  C.  A.  B.  Brown,  seconded  by  Mr. 
Aemilius  Jarvis.  A  hearty  vote  of  thanks  was  also 
accorded  to  the  retiring  commodore. 

The  proposal  to  prohibit  treating  in  the  club  was 
snowed  under. 

The  entrance  fee  was  increased  from  $50  to  $100, 
and  it  was  decided  to  admit  owners  of  motor  boats 
to  membership  without  placing  their  names  on  the 
waiting  list,  as  has  heretofore  been  done. 

The  R.  C.  Y.  C.  Fixtures. 

The  racing  fixtures  of  the  Royal  Canadian  Yacht 
Club  for  the  season  are: 

Saturday,  June  5. — Regatta,  all  classes;  Lorne 
Cup  to  winner  in  first  division;    14-foot  dinghy 


class,  open  to  all  L.  S.  S.  A.  dinghies;  silver  cup  to 
winner. 

Saturday,  June  19. — Cruising  race;  first  and 
second  divisions  and  third  division. 

Saturday,  June  26. — 14-foot  dinghy  class. 

Thursday,  July  1.  —  Queen's  Cup  at  Toronto, 
classes  L  and  over;  Nicholls  Gold  Cup,  class  P, 
and  L.  S.  S.  A.  regatta  at  Toronto. 

Saturday,  July  3. — 16-foot  skiff  class,  open  to  all 
L.  S.  S.  A.  skiffs;  silver  cup  to  winner. 

Saturday,  July  10. — Cruising  race,  first  and  sec- 
ond divisions  and  third  division. 

Saturday,  July  17. — 14-foot  dinghy  class. 

Saturday,  July  24. — 16-foot  skiff  class. 

Saturday,  July  31. — Cruising  race  to  Oakville, 
first,  second  and  third  divisions. 

Monday,  August  2. — L.  Y.  R.  A.  cruising  race  to 
Cobourg. 

Wednesday,  Thursday  and  Friday,  August  4,  5 
and  6. — L.  Y.  R.  C.  regatta  at  Cobourg. 

Saturday,  August  7. — L.  Y.  R.  A.  cruising  race, 
Cobourg  to  Charlotte. 

Monday,  August  9. — L.  Y.  R.  A.  regatta  at  Char- 
lotte. 

Saturday,  August  21. — 16-foot  skiff  class  and  14- 
foot  dinghy  class. 

Saturday,  September  4. — Cruising  race,  first  and 
second  divisions  and  third  division;  Lansdowne 
Cup  to  winner  first  division;  16-foot  skiff  class  and 
14-foot  dinghy  class. 

Saturday,  September  11. — Prince  of  Wales  Cup; 
all  classes;  the  usual  cash  prizes  will  be  given  in 
each  division. 

The  classification  of  yachts  is:  First  division, 
classes  D,  E,  F.  J,  K,  L  and  M;  second  division, 
classes  N  and  P;  third  division,  classes  Q,  R  and  S; 
16-foot  skiff  class;   14-foot  dinghy  class. 


KINGSTON  YACHT  CLUB. 


At  the  annual  meeting  of  the  Kingston  Yacht 
Club,  held  April  5th,  very  encouraging  reports 
were  received  from  all  departments,  and  the  club 
shown  to  be  in  a  good  financial  position.  The 
election  of  officers  resulted  as  follows: 

Commodore — W.  Bartlett  Dalton. 

Vice-Commodore — Prof.  Martin. 

Rear  Commodore — W.  C.  Kent. 

Secretary-Treasurer — Charles  Kirkpatrick. 

Measurers — Henry  Cunningham  and  E.  C.  Gilder- 
sleeve. 

Executive  Committee — John  McKay,  Frank  Stra- 
chan,  L.  Shorey,  Hansard  Hora  and  C.  E.  Willis. 
Regatta  Committee  —  Henry  P.  Smith,  R.  E. 


•84 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Burns,  James  H.  Macnee,  L.  C.  Lockett,  F.  Albree, 
Norman  Crothers  and  John  Davey. 

Entertainment  Committee— Prof.  Martin,  Bruce 
Carman.  John  Newlands,  Karl  Tandy,  Frank 
Strachan,  Norman  Crothers,  Frex.  McParland  and 
Dr.  J.  Harty. 

Lieut.-Col.  Strange,  who  with  Vice-Commodore 
Dalton  and  H.  Hora,  were  delegates  at  the  meet- 
ing of  the  Eastern  Yacht  Racing  Circuit,  held  at 
Watertown,  N.  Y.,  reported-  that  it  was  decided  to 
hold  the  race  between  the  Kathleen  and  Crescent 
for  the  George  Cup  on  the  1st  of  July  and  on  as 
many  days  following  as  necessary.  It  was  pro- 
posed that  a  local  regatta  for  the  entertainment 
of  the  visitors  would  be  held  on  the  same  day. 

The- motor  boats  are  now  heard  popping  around 
the  harbor  every  day.  By  the  time  summer  is 
really  here,  Kingston  will  have  a  great  fleet  of 
these  put -puts,  as  many  have  been  added  this  past 
winter.  A  few  have  gone  iii  for  speed  and  wili 
have  boats  that  will  run  over  the  twenty-mile  clip. 


MOTOR  BOAT  SPORTS  IN  HAMILTON. 


A  Hamilton  correspondent  writes  as  follows: 
"The  passing  of  the  White  Wings  would  be  an 
appropriate  title  for  a  timely  poem  by  some  remin- 
iscent old  boy  who  used  to  be  a  sailor  on  Hamilton 
Bay.  In  days  gone  by,  Hamilton's  fleet  of  yachts 
was  the  largest  of  any  on  the  lakes  in  comparison 
with  the  size  of  the  city,  and  her  sailormen  had  the 
reputation  of  being  the  best,  and  many  a  time 
cleaned  up  most  of  the  prizes  on  the  circuit  round 
the  lake.  But  time  makes  changes,  and  no  greater 
change  could  be  imagined  than  the  utter  decadence 
of  the  great  sport  of  sailing  with  the  free  sheet  and 
a  flowing  sea.  The  men  who  used  to  love  to  pull 
the  ropes  and  hoist  the  canvas  now  prefer  to  talk 
gasoline,  sparker,  batteries  and  so  on,  and  the 
big  fleet  of  motor  boats  which  has  grown  up 
round  Hamilton  Bay  this  past  few  years  will  be 
very  much  increased  by  the  many  boats  building 
for  local  sailors  in  the  boatshops  along  the  bay 
front. 

*  * ,  * 

Hugh  Weir,  who  is  probably  the  oldest  estab- 
lished boatbuilder,  and  who  has  built  many  sailing 
champions,  is  the  only  one  building  a  racing  sail- 
boat this  year,  and  he  is  building  one  of  the  new 
16-foot  skiffs  for  a  Toronto  party.  Weir  has  built 
most  of  the  fast  skiffs  for  the  past  number  of 
years,  and  the  Toronto  people  appreciate  his  abil- 
ity. He  is  also  building  a  number  of  small  din- 
ghies for  out-of-town  parties,  as  well  as  some  srnal? 
motor  boats. 

*  *  * 

The  finest  craft,  in  the  way  of  private  launch, 
that  has  ever  been  built  in  this  city  is  now  nearing 
completion  at  Jutten's  Boat  &  .Launch  Works.  She 
is  for  a  Quebec  mining  broker,  and  is  built  for  salt 
water.  She  is  55  feet  long  and  about  15  feet  in 
width..  She  is  planked  with  cypress  wood,  and 
the  interior  fiittings  are  all  in  mahogany.  She 
has  a  four-cylinder  17  horse-power  engine,  and 
should  make  about  12  miles  an  hour.  Beds  for 
seven  people  are  provided,  and  the  owner's  private 
cabin  will  be  fitted  up  in  magnificent  style.  Aid. 
Jutten  is  also  building  a  25-foot  hunting  cabin 


cruiser  for  a  local  party.  This  will  be  the  first 
boat  of  its  kind  on  the  bay.  There  are  a  number 
of  smaller  craft  being  built  in  this  shop,  but  most 

of  them  are  for  out-of-town  parties. 

*  *  * 

The  busy  shop  of  Robertson  Bros.,  where  many 
a  fast  yacht  has  been  turned  out,  is  now  entirely 
devoted  to  building  motor  boats,  and  this  firm  has 
a  big  staff  of  men  keeping  up  with  their  orders. 
They  are  building  several  speed  launches,  and  they 
are  also  building  a  new  hunting  cabin  cruiser  for 

Charlie  Brigger,  which  will  be  quite  an  innovation. 

*  *  * 

Askew  has  a  fine  33 -foot  cruiser,  which  is  just 
about  built,  which  is  a  credit  to  that  shop.  She 
is  being  built  for  Mr.  Askew,  and  will  be  a  fine 
addition  to  the  big  fleet  of  private  launches  on  the 
bay.  He  has  built  dinghies  for  local  parties,  mak- 
ing the  total  addition  to  the  local  fleet.  Bastien 
has  built  a  great  many  canoes,  for  which  he  is  fa- 
mous. He  is  also  building  a  number  of  launches 
and  dinghies. 

At  Massey's  is  evidence  of  the  motor  boat  craze 
in  a  fine  new  sheet -iron  building,  which  he  is  put- 
ting up  to  stable  some  of  the  many  launches  which 
make  his  boathouse  their  headquarters.  He  says 
that  almost  all  the  lockers  have  already  been  spok- 
en for,  tohugh  it  is  capable  of  housing  fifteen 
launches.  Massey  has  also  built  a  great  many 
small  boats. 

*  *  * 

J.  Morris  is  busy  building  several  motor  boats. 

*  *  * 

It  won't  be  long  now  until  John  Campbell  will 
be  taking  the  winter  coverings  off  his  charges  in 
the  yard  of  the  uptown  clubhouse  of  the  R.  H.  Y.  C. 
and  getting  them  into  trim  for  the  boys  who  still 
prefer  the  canvas  to  the  chug-chug  of  the  motor 
boat.  The  racing  this  year  will  practically  be  lim- 
ited to  the  14  and  16-foot  dinghies,  of  which  there 

is  a  big  fleet  around  the  bay. 

*  *  * 

A  good  many  of  the  builders  around  the  bay 
front  are  disappointed  that  the  R.  H.  Y.  C.  did  not 
open  up  the  dinghy  class  and  allow  any  dinghy  to 
enter  their  races.  At  present  the  14-foot  class  is 
restricted  to  one  design  only,  and  consequently 
builders  have  no  opportunity  to  attempt  to  make 
improvements  in  the  class. 


REORGANIZATION  OF  MOTOR  BOAT  CLUB  AT 
BROCKVILLE. 


Brockville's  Motor  Boat  Club  was  reorganized 
at  a  recent  meeting,  at  which  thirty  local  owners 
of  the  pleasure  craft  were  present,  and  took  an 
active  and  hearty  part. 

Several  suggestions  were  made  as  to  the  work 
ahead  of  the  club,  such  as  the  laying  out  of  suit- 
able channels,  marking  of  buoys,  plans  of  races, 
etc.,  which,  if  carried  into  effect,  will  ensure  for 
the  members  a  season  of  unlimited  sport  coupled 
with  a  certain  amount  of  safety  in  navigating  the 
intricate  channels  of  the  St.  Lawrence. 

Commodore  J.  A.  Mackenzie  stated  that  a  motor 
boat  club  was  needed  in  Brockville.  His  reasons 
for  such  were,  (1)  laying  out  of  a  channel  in  which 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


85 


BOVRIL 

IS    LIQUJ  D  LIFE 

BEEF  is  a  food  which  is  rich  in  all  the  elements  necessary  to  the 
maintenance  of  health. 

BOVRIL  is  beef  in  a  highly  concentrated  form.  It  contains  all  that 
is  good  in  the  meat  and  is  particularly  valuable  on  account  of  its  rich- 
ness in  organic  phosphates. 

BOVRIL  feeds  nerve  and  muscle.  It  renews  the  blood  and  infuses 
strength  and  vigor  into  the  system. 


A  little  Bovril  spread  between  two  thin  Stir  a  spoonful  of  Bovril  into  a  glass  of 

slices  of  bread  and  butter  makes  a  tasty  and  j  mineral  water  and  you  have  a  delightfully  re- 
nutritious  sandwich.  |      freshing  and  reviving  drink. 


boats  do  not  regularly  run,  (2)  the  marking  of 
shoals  once  struck  by  other  members,  (3)  the 
securing  from  the  department  of  three  lights, 
placed  as  follows:  At  Chimney  Island,  the  turn 
at  Squaw  Point,  and  sandbar  at  head  of  Grenadier. 
In  addition  to  these  suggestions  Mr.  Mackenzie 
advocated  that  races  should  be  held  regularly,  the 
boats  divided  into  three  classes,  and  challenge  cups 
offered  for  each. 

The  constitution  of  the  club,  as  read  by  Mr.  H. 
B.  White,  secretary-treasurer,  was  adopted.  The 
election  of  officers  resulted  as  follows : 

Commodore— Mr.  J.  A.  Mackenzie*. 

Vice-Commodore — Dr.  T.  F.  Robertson. 

Secretary-Treasurer — Mr.  H.  B.  White. 

Executive  Committee — Messrs.  A.  Gilmour,  H.  B. 
Coates,  W.  S.  Buell  and  Wm.  Taylor. 

Mr.  McLaren  advocated  the  holding  of  a  regatta 
there  in  which  clubs  throughout  Ontario  could 
participate.  A  Brockville  boat  won  the  Canadian 
championship  last  year,  and  some  efforts,  he 
thought,  should  be  made  to  secure  the  next  meet 
for  Brockville. 

Mr.  Mackenzie  remarked  that  Mr.  C.  W.  McLean, 
before  sailing  for  England  the  previous  week;  had 
authorized  him  to  state  that  he  would  be  willing 
to  donate  a  cup  valued  at  $100.00  if  the  Canadian 
Power  Boat  Club  races  were  held  in  Brockville.  It 
was  learned,  however,  that  there  was  no  such  or- 
ganization as  the  Canadian  Power  Boat  Association, 
but  on  the  suggestion  of  C.  T.  Wilkinson,  the  sec- 


retary was  instructed  to  communicate  with  differ- 
ent clubs  with  a  view  to  forming  the  same. 

Messrs.  F.  Gilbert,  W.  S.  Buell,  H.  W.  Going,  C. 
T.  Wilkinson,  W.  C.  MacLaren,  J.  F.  Brightman  and 
J.  W.  Stagg  were  called  on  and  expressed  their 
views  as  to  the  organization  and  rules  of  the  local 
club.  All  promised  to  lend  their  active  assistance 
in  promoting  its  welfare. 


PARRY  SOUND  MOTOR  BOAT  CLUB. 


The  meeting  of  the  Parry  S'ound  Motor  Boat 
Club  was  held  in  the  office  of  the  commodore,  Mr. 
W.  L.  Haight,  on  March  5th.  There  were  thirty 
yachtsmen  present  and  the  proceedings  throughout 
were  carried  on  with  enthusiasm. 
Laughington,  T.  W.  Quinn,  Dr.  Cunningham,  and 

The  matter  of  club  races  and  meets  was  dis- 
cussed, and  the  feeling  was  that  regattas  should 
be  held  on  May  24th,  July  1st  and  Labor  Day,  and 
that  the  club  should  have  several  meets  and  cruises 
during  the  summer. 

Mr.  Haight,  the  commodore,  addressed  the  club 
at  some  length  in  regard  to  club  matters,  and  re- 
gretted that  more  was  not  accomlished  during  last 
season,  but  he  supposed  that  all  were  to  blame 
for  the  laxity  to  some  extent. 

The  secretary-treasurer  presented  a  financial 
statement,  which  was  followed  by  some  discussion 
along  the  lines  of  future  operations. 


86 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


The  election  of  officers  was  the  next  business  and 
resulted  as  follows: 

Commodore — W.  L.  Haight. 
Vice-Commodore — Capt.  Danter. 
Secretary-Treasurer — Mr.  Donaldson. 
Executive  Committee — Messrs.  W.  R.  Foot,  A. 

B.  Begg,  H.  M.  Purvis,  John  Campbell,  Harry 

C.  A.  Gentles.  - 

Official  Measurers — Frank  Mosley  and  Ralph 
Spring. 

Official  Timekeeper — Wm.  Ireland. 


Q.  C.  Y.  C.  Officials. 

The  Queen  City  Yacht  Club  has  held  its  annual 
meeting.  The  clubhouse  has  been  rebuilt  inside, 
until  the  quarters  are  practically  new.  The  fol- 
lowing officers  were  elected: 

Commodore — T.  A.  E.  world. 

Vice -Commodore — Mervin  Armstrong. 

Honorary  Secretary— A.  K.  Somerville. 

Honorary  Treasurer — F.  S.  Knowland. 

Board  of  Management — A.  W.  Durnan,  C.  W.  Em- 
bree,  J.  A.  Nicholls,  H.  W.  Turner,  A.  W.  Steward, 
John  R.  Foster,  J.  C.  Greig,  Max  Tettelbaum,  C.  F. 
Bolton  and  C.  S.  Armstrong. 


A  Good  Yachting  Season  Anticipated. 

A  fine  season  is  expected  by  those  responsible 
for  the  conduct  of  the  affairs  of  the  Royal  Canadian 
Yacht  Club.  Several  new  boats  are  to  be  added 
to  the  fleet,  while  much  work  has  been  done  on 
many  of  the  yachts  in  the  R.  C.  Y.  C.  yards  at 
Poison's  and  Oakville. 

The  heavy  storm  in  April  did  considerable  dam- 
age to  the  Strathcona,  Mr.  Norman  Macrae's  cup 
defender,  as  she  was  blown  from  her  ways  and  two 
great  holes  made  in  her  port  side.  A  good  deal 
of  repairing  work  was  made  necessary  and  was  put 
in  hand  at  once.  Many  other  yachts  have  been 
overhauled  and  should  add  to  the  liveliness  of  the 
season. 


CANOEING. 


Parkdale's  Annual  Meeting. 

Members  of  the  Parkdale  Canoe  Club  turned  out 
in  large  numbers  on  the  occasion  of  the  annual 
meeting  and  election  of  officers  for  the  ensuing 
year. 

The  treasurer's  statement  showed  the-  financial 
affairs  of  the  club  to  be  in  healthy  condition,  and 
the  reports  of  the  various  committees  on  the  past 
year's  work  spoke  volumes  for  the  disinterested 
manner  in  which  officers  and  members  alike  had 
united  to  further  the  club  interests. 

The  club  looks  with  considerable  pride  on  the 
showing  made  by  the  war  canoe  in  the  contests 
which  won  for  it  the  Dominion,  if  not  the  North 
American  championship,  and  no  small  amount  of 
praise  was  given  to  Frank  Longstaff,  coxswain,  and 
his  plucky  crew. 

The  new  clubhouse  will  afford  increased  facili- 
ties for  the  growing  membership,  and  all  "looks 
rosy"  for  1909. 

The  election  of  officers  resulted  as  follows:  Hon- 
orary commodore,  W.  B.  Raymond;  commodore, 
Dr.  S.  A.  Weismiller;   vice-commodore,  E.  B.  Mae- 


Gillivray;  rear  commodore,  Harry  Sutherland; 
treasurer,  N.  J.  Duffett;  secretary,  Horace  DuVer- 
net;  captain,  Frank  Longstaff;  finance  committee, 
H.  A.  Cooper,  G.  F.  Duthie,  R.  W.  (Peck)  Parker; 
Rugby  committee,  Wm.  Warwick,  A.  L.  Cromar,  N. 
F.  Culverhouse;  hockey  committee,  F.  Longstaff, 
E.  C.  Winchester,  Gordon  Ridpath;  house  commit- 
tee, W.  Fenton  Job,  J.  B.  Allen,  R.  J.  Qua,  Charles 
Malcolm;  acquatic  committee  (canoeing  section), 
R.  Henders,  Bert  McK-ellar,  W.  ooryell;  sailing  sec- 
tion, A.  J.  Gall,  C.  R.  Medland,  S.  B.  Marshall. 

The  office  of  captain  was  deemed  necessary,  in 
view  of  the  increased  amount  of  work  consequent 
upon  the  growth  and  success  with  which  the  club 
has  met,  both  in  acquatic  and  land  sports. 


Don  Rowing  Club. 

At  the  twenty-eighth  annual  meeting  of  the  Don 
(Toronto)  Rowing  Club  the  general  business  re- 
ports of  committees  were  received,  and  the  treas- 
urer's report  showed  a  balance  on  the  right  side. 
President  Ed.  Mack,  in  declining  to  accept  the  nom- 
ination of  president  again,  thanked  the  officers  and 
members  for  their  untiring  efforts  and  able  assist- 
ance rendered  him  during  his  term  of  office.  The 
club  feel  their  loss  keenly,  but  it  is  pleasing  to 
know  that  Mr.  Mack  will  still  be  heart  and  soul 
with  the  Dons  and  will  act  on  the  executive  board. 
The  election  of  officers  resulted  at  follows: 

Honorary  patrons,  J.  W.  Flavelle  and  W.  G. 
Gooderham;  honorary  presidents,  Alderman  John 
O'Neil,  Jr.,  and  Frank  Lloyd;  president,  James 
Delaney;  first  vice-president,  Fred  Mauthie;  sec- 
ond vice-president,  James  Seymour;  honorary 
treasurer,  F.  H.  Carter;  financial  secretary,  H.  Mc- 
Carthy; captain,  Harry  Jacob;  recording  secre- 
tary, H.  J.  Ragen;  executive  committee,  Ed.  Mack, 
Capt.  Crawford,  Sr.,  A.  O.  Maciver,  Jack  Ryan, 
James  Lumley,  W.  Bowler,  John  Shea  and  John  J. 
Young. 

The  outlook  of  the  club  for  the  coming  season  is 
very  promising. 

Harvey  Pulford  Reinstated. 

An  Ottawa  despatch  says  that  Harvey  Pulford 
has  been  notified  by  the  Canadian  Association  of 
Amateur  Oarsmen  that  he  is  now  in  good  stand- 
ing. Pulford  was  for  a  number  of  years  a  member 
of  the  Ottawa  professional  hockey  team,  but  made 
declaration  that  he  had  never  received  any  payment 
himself.  His  entry  was  refused  by  the  C.  A.  A.  0. 
regatta  committee  at  St.  Catherines  the  year  be- 
fore last.  This  action  of  the  rowing  governors  is 
particularly  gratifying  to  the  Ottawa  Rowing  Club, 
of  which  Pulford  was  captain  and  stroke  of  the  bi^ 
four. 


The  C.  A.  A.  0.  Dates. 

The  regatta  committee  of  the  Canadian  Associa- 
tion of  Amateur  Oarsmen  have  fixed  Friday  and 
Saturday,  July  30  and  31,  as  the  dates  for  the  an- 
nual regatta  over  the  St.  Catherines  course.  This 
is  the  week  preceding  the  national  regatta  at  De- 
troit. It  is  proposed  to  add  some  novelties  to  the 
programme,  one  of  which  is  a  quarter-mile  dash  for 
single  scullers. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


s7 


Don't  Holler  for 
Dreadnaughts 

unless  you  are  using  goods  manufac- 
tured by  British  subjects. 


CANADA  FIRST 

Evaporated  Cream 

Is  manufactured  and  guaranteed 
by  the 

Aylmer  Condensed  Milk  Co.,  Limited 
Aylmer,  Ontario,  Canada. 


Grand  Prospects  at  Ottawa. 

In  addition  to  sending  to  England  for  a  four- 
oared  shell,  the  Ottawa  Rowing  Club  has  written 
to  the  Old  Country  with  a  view  to  securing  a  pro- 
fessional coach.  The  club  has  definitely  decided  to 
employ  a  professional  rowing  instructor  this  year. 
It  is  learned  that  efforts  were  made  to  secure 
Charlie  Stevenson,  who  coached  the  club  so  success- 
fully in  1906  and  1907.  Stevenson,  however,  had 
already  closed  with  the  Lachine  Rowing  Club,  so 
the  Ottawas  were  unable  to  get  him.  Jimmie  Rice 
was  also  approached  by  the  Ottawa  officers,  but 
Rice  replied  to  the  effect  that  he  had  signed  to 
coach  the  Oriole  Club  of  Baltimore.  No  other 
coaches  were  in  sight  in  this  country,  so  Captain 
Jnarvey  Pulford  of  the  Ottawas  wrote  to  England, 
making  an  offer  to  Nichols,  the  famous  English 
sculling  expert  who  had  charge  of  the  Detroit  Club 
last  year.  Twenty-five  new  members  have  joined 
this  spring. 

Captain  harvey  Pulford  states  that  the  oarsmen 
will  get  down  to  woork  at  once.  Everything  is 
in  readiness  at  the  clubhouse  for  the  opening.  Def- 
inite word  has  been  received  that  Wilf.  Harrison 
will  be  here  for  the  summer.  He  will  row  in  the 
senior  four.  The  rowing  club's  appeal  foor  sub- 
scriptions is  meeting  with  a  generous  response,  Ot- 
tawans  apparently  appreciating  the  good  work  of 
the  organization.  , 


Marine  Engine  for  Congo  Free  State. 

Even  the  wilds  of  Africa  are  not  exempt  from 
the  invasion  of  the  motor  boat.  An  order  has  been 
received  from  Belgium  for  an  8  h.p.  two-cylinder 
Ferro  engine,  with  make-and-break  ignition,  to  be 
shipped  to  Congo  Free  State.  The  engine  is 
equipped  with  a  Ferro  reverse  gear  and  a  magneto, 
as  the  climate  of  Congo  will  not  allow  the  use  of 
batteries. 


New  Engines  of  the  Schofield-Holden  Co. 

The  Schofield-Holden  Machine  Co.,  Limited,  are 
placing  on  the  market  two  new  two-cycle  engines, 
one  a  two-cylinder  8  h.p.,  the  other  a  six-cylinder 
45 — 60,  the  latter  a  light  racing  machine  weighing 
560  lbs. 

During  the  course  of  the  motor  boat  show  in 
Toronto  their  exhibit  was  the  centre  of  attraction 
for  a  large  number  of  people,  and  they  report  the 
sale  of  eighteen  launches.  Most  of  these  were 
their  20- foot  special,  which  was  on  exhibition,  and 
which  contains  everything  necessary  in  the  way  of 
automobile  control. 

Any  one  intending  to  purchase  a  motor  boat  for 
the  coming  season  should  send  f  r  their  catalogue 
at  once,  as  in  all  probability  they  will  be  compelled 
to  refuse  orders  in  the  near  future. 


A  Fine  Catalogue. 

For  canoes,  skiffs  and  motor  boats  there  is  a 
constantly  increasing  demand  throughout  Canada, 
and  those  desirous  of  becoming  the  owner  of  a 
boat  or  purchasing  a  new  one  would  do  well  to 
consult  the  new  catalogue  issued  by  the  J.  H.  Ross 
Boat  &  Canoe  Company,  Orillia,  Ont.     Good  de- 


signs, thoroughly  seasoned  materials,  and  high- 
class  workmanship  are  the  main  considerations  in 
the  production  of  canoes  and  boats.  These  receive 
careful  attention  at  the  hands  of  the  Ross  Company 
with  the  result  that  their  boats  are  widely  known 
throughout  the  Dominion,  and  wherever  known  re- 
garded favorably.  Basswood  canoes,  either  paint- 
ed or  varnished,  and  steel  or  copper  fastened;  ce- 
dar canoes,  prospectors'  and  surveyors'  canoes,  lap 
streak  skiffs,  dingheys  and  motor  boats  are  all  in- 
cluded. In  accord  with  the  rapid  growth  of  the 
motor  boat  industry,  particular  attention  is  paid 
to  the  production  of  these  boats,,  and  some  extreme- 
ly fine  models  are  shown.  The  sizes  made  are  10 
feet,  20  feet,  23  feet,  26  feet,  and  30  feet  trunk 
eabin  cruiser,  while  other  designs  and  lengths  will 
be  made  to  order.  These  boats  are  made  with 
French  or  torpedo  sterns,  with  either  chairs  or 
lockers,  the  designs  never  overlooking  either  stabil- 
ity or  comfort,  while  appearance  and  sea-going 
qualities  likewise  receive  careful  attention.  For 
those  experienced  boatmen  who  require  special 
qualities,  designs  will  be  furnished  and  trouble 
taken  to  meet  their  views  and  wishes  in  all  points. 
A  complete  line  of  accessories  is.  carried  by  the 
company,  who  have  found  it  desirable  to  be  able 
to  furnish  customers  with  all  the  new  designs  in 
these  lines.  The  fine  views  will  interest  every 
boating  man.  and  the  particulars  given  add  much 
to  the  joy  of  examining  the  catalogue  and  antici- 
pating the  pleasures  the  possession  of  one  of  the 
fine  boats  here  shown  would  make  possible. 


AUTOMOBILES 
AUTOMOBILING 


HAMILTON  AUTOMOBILE  CLUB. 


The  annual  meeting  of  the  Hamilton  Automobile 
Club  was  held  on  April  3rd,  at  the  Commercial 
Club.  A  very  successful  report  was  presented  by 
the  officers,  the  membership  showing  an  increase 
from  25  to  47. 

The  retiring  president,  Mr.  P.  Myler,  urged  the 
members  to  set  a  good  example  by  strictly  observ- 
ing the  road  rules  and  the  city  traffic  by-law. 

The  following  officers  were  elected  for  the  en- 
suing year: 

James  Moodie,  president. 

J.  M.  Young,  first  vice-president. 

H.  L.  Frost,  second  vice-president. 

M.  J.  Overell,  honorary  secretary-treasurer. 

Committee  of  Management — Paul  J.  Myler,  S.  0. 
Greening,  W.  H.  Cinder,  P.  M.  Roy,  Edwin  Mills, 
Col.  J.  R.  Moodie,  J.  H.  Kerr,  A.  E.  Carpenter,  S. 
B.  Cunningham,  John  Moodie. 

E.  M.  Faulkner,  auditor. 

Drs.  Balfe,  Rennie  and  Wickens.  club  surgeons. 


MOTORING  IN  THE  OTTAWA  VALLEY. 


One  of  the  features  of  the  report  presented  at 
the  second  annual  meeting  of  the  Ottawa  Valley 
Motor  Car  Association,  which  was  held  on  April 
5th,  was  the  announcement  that  during  the  coming 
summer  a  series  of  sports  consisting  of  a  three- 
day  tourney,  would  be  held  in  Ottawa,  probably  in 
June.  These  events,  which  will  be  open  to  mem- 
bers of  the  association  only,  will  consist  of  a  hill- 
climbing  contest,  an  endurance  run  from  Ottawa 
to  Brockville  and  return,  and  also  a  gymkana  in 
which  the  entrants  will  be  called  upon  to  perform 
some  of  the  most  difficult  tricks  possible  with  an 
automobile. 

One  week  later  there  will  be  an  endurance  race 
open  to  any  member  of  the  club  with  any  style  of 
car,  the  only  provisions  being  that  the  car  must 
carry  the  registered  number  of  passengers,  or  bags 
of  sand,  to  make  up  the  weight.  The  course  will 
probably  be  out  the  Prescott-Cornwall  way, 
seventy-five  miles  and  return,  the  trip  to  be  made 
in  one  day,  and  points  to  be  deducted  for  stops,  re- 
pairs, etc.  Each  contestant  must  name  an  observ- 
er, who  will  be  placed  in  one  of  the  opponent's  cars, 
thus  ensuring  no  favors  being  shown.  One  car 
will  go  ahead  and  will  lay  confetti  at  the  corners 
so  as  to  help  the  drivers  in  taking  the  right  course. 

The  third  event  will  be  a  hill-climbing  contest, 
on  June  19.  This  course  will  probably  be  the 
Chelsea  hill. 

The  younger  members  of  the  club  are  talking  of 


holding  a  hop,  probably  at  Hotel  Victoria,  during 
the  summer. 

The  officers  of  the  club  are:  Col.  W.  G.  Hurd- 
man,  president;  Mr.  C.  G.  Pennock,  vice-president; 
and  Dr.  W.  McElhinney,  secretary -treasurer. 
An  active  campaign  is  under  way  to  have  all  motor 
owners  in  the  valley  join  the  association,  which 
now  has  a  membership  of  about  fifty. 


WORK  FOR  THE  MOTOR  LEAGUE. 


The  corner  of  Queen  and  Yonge  streets,  Toronto, 
was  the  scene  of  a  most  cowardly  action  the  other 
day,  when  an  automobilist,  after  striking  a  lady 
with  his  car  forcibly  enough  to  knock  her  some 
feet,  did  not  stop  to  ascertain  the  extent  of  her 
injuries. 

The  Ontario  Motor  League  should  do  all  in  their 
power  to  apprehend  the  ruffian,  and  in  this  way 
demonstrate  to  the  general  public  "-he  fact  that 
members  of  the  league  are  for  sane,  safe  driving, 
which,  coupled  with  gentlemanly  conduct  on  the 
part  of  every  driver,  would  soon  eliminate  all  oppo- 
sition to  the  use  of  the  motor  car. 


RECKLESSNESS  AND  SPEEDING. 


The  Automobile  Club  of  America  seeks  to  obtain 
a  new  set  of  automobile  laws  directed  against 
recklessness  rather  than  against  speeding.  A  speed 
that  would  be  reasonable  on  some  roads  and  un- 
der some  conditions  would  be  criminally  dangerous 
on  other  thoroughfares  and  under  other  circum- 
stances. For  the  first  offence  it  is  proposed  that 
a  fine  shall  be  imposed  and  a  record  of  the  arrest 
and  conviction  made  on  the  back  of  the  automobil- 
ist's  license.  For  a  second  offence  it  is  suggested 
that  a  heavier  fine  should  be  imposed  and  a  tran- 
script of  the  court  proceedings  forwarded  to  the 
Secretary  of  State,  who  would  immediately  sus- 
pend the  driver's  license  for  a  period  of  from  six 
months  to  one  year.  For  a  third  offence  a  still 
heavier  fine  is  proposed  and  the  revocation  of  the 
license  for  all  time. 


HOW  TO  PREVENT  BREAKAGE  OF  AUTOMO- 
BILE SPRINGS. 


The  following  information,  which  will  prove  use- 
ful to  many  automobile  users,  was  supplied  by  the 
Cadillac  Motor  Car  Co.,  of  Detroit,  Mich. : 

Most  automobile  users,  in  going  over  their  cars 
to  lubricate  and  adjust  them,  seem  to  totally  ig- 
nore giving  attention  to  one  of  the  vital  points. 

In  order  to  go  out  for  a  run  and  get  back  the 
springs  must  carry  you  without  breaking.    If  you 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


fail  to  give  them  proper  care  and  lubrication,  they 
may  leave  you  beside  the  road.  The  average 
driver  appears  to  devote  little  or  no  attention  to 
the  springs.  When  the  car  comes  from  the  factory 
all  the  bolts  and  spring  clips  are  thoroughly  tight. 
The  vibrations  of  the  car  stretch  the  iron  in  the 
clips  which  hold  the  springs  to  the  axles  and  the 
tendency  is,  therefore,  for  the  nuts  to  become  loos- 
ened. The  loosening  is  not  the  fault  of  anyone 
in  particular.  It  is  the  result  of  the  enormous 
number  of  vibrations  and  the  wear  which  the  parts 
get.  The  strain  on  the  nuts  and  Clips  when  they 
are  screwed  up  tight,  stretches  the  material  in  the 
clips,  and  there  is  also  a  small  amount  of  wear  on 
spring  should  be  pushed  back  to  its  normal  position 
the  surface  of  the  leaves  of  the  springs.  While 
this  is  small,  it  is  sufficient  to  cause  the  springs  to 
become  loose  in  the  clips.  It  may  be  ever  so  little, 
but  if  they  get  loose  at  all  it  allows  the  springs,  to 
shift  on  their  seats  and  set  up  a  crystallizing  action 
on  the  centre  of  trie  springe  where  the  bolts  pass 
through  the  middle.  This  is  the  weakest  place  in 
the  spring,  consequently,  like  a  piece  of  wire  which 
you  take  between  your  fingers,  no  matter  now 
tough  and  soft  it  may  be,  it  will  eventually  break 
if  you  bend  it  backward  and  forward  many  times. 
This  is  just  the  condition  of  the  automobile 
springs  when  the  clips  become  loose. 

Nine  out  of  ten  automobile  springs  which  are 
broken,  are  broken  at  the  centre  hole  between  the 
clips  through  which  the  bolt  ,  passes,  simply  be- 
cause the  clips  have  been  allowed  to  get  loose.  The 
automobile  user  lays  the  breakage  to  poor  ma- 
terial and  expects  the  builder  to  replace  the  spring 
with  a  new  one,  or  a  pair  of  new  ones,  not  taking 
into  consideration  that  he  is  wholly  to  blame  for 
the  breakage  because  of  his  lack  of  attention  to 
this  one  particular. 

To  prevent  spring  troubles  is  a  very  simple  mat- 
ter. If  the  user  will  go  over  his  car  every  three 
or  four  weeks  and  tighten  up  the  nuts,  he  will  find 
that  there  is  little  room  for  turning  when  he  goes 
to  tighten  them  up  again.  Care  snould  be  taken, 
however,  not  to  put  enough  pressure  on  the  wrench 
to  stretch  or  strip  the  threads.  It  may  be  found 
sometimes  that  the  loosened  clips  have  allowed  the 
spring  to  become  shifted.  If  this  is  found,  the 
before  the  clips  are  securely  tightened. 

We  have  known  of  one  man  who  broke  seven 
springs  on  one  automooile  from  this  cause  alone, 
but  when  the  clips  were  properly  put  on  and  the 
springs  properly  attached  and  the  clips  kept  tight, 
his  breakage  ceased,  although  exactly  the  same 
material  was  used  as  before. 

The  bolts  and  connections  of  the  springs  should 
be  oiled  as  regularly  as  the  car  is  oiled  in  other 
parts.  A  few  drops  of  oil  placed  at  the  link  con- 
nections on  the  ends  of  the  springs  will  effectually 
prevent  wear  at  this  point  and  will  make  the 
springs  more  easy  riding.  It  is  also  advisable  to 
oil  between  the  leaves  of  the  springs  occasionally. 
To  do  this,  place  a  jack  under  the  centre  of  the 
car  against  the  frame  and  raise  it  up,  allowing  the 
wheels  themselves  to  remain  touching  the  ground. 
This  will  open  up  the  spaces  between  the  leaves, 
where  a  mixture  of  oil  and  graphite  should  be  in- 
serted. 

Remember,  broken  springs  are  the  result  of  your 


own  neglect,  excepting  in  very  rare  cases,  when 
there  may  be  a  defect  in  the  temper  or  makeup  of 
a  spring,  but  in  nine  cases  out  of  ten,  or  in  even 
a  greater  proportion  of  the  times,  the  breakage  is 
due  to  the  failure  of  the  user  to  keep  the  spring 
clips  tight. 

It  is  no  trouble  for  the  expert  to  discover  what 
caused  a  broken  spring,  and  when  an  automobile 
user  attempts  to  make  any  explanation  of  his  own 
as  to  the  cause  of  the  breakage,  the  expert  at  the 
spring  factory  can  easily  determine  whether  his 
statements  are  correct  or  not. 


WILL  USE  AUTOMOBILES. 

The  Hydro-Electric  Power  Commission  of  Onta- 
rio have  decided  to  use  automobiles  for  the  purpose 
of  quick  transit  of  engineers,  and  to  aid  expedition 
in  the  construction  of  the  Niagara  power  trans- 
mission lines.  They  have  just  purchased  from  the 
Canada  Cycle  &  Motor  Company  a  big  50  horse- 
power touring  car  for  the  use  of  Mr.  P.  W.  Soth- 
man,  chief  engineer.  . 

In  this  they  have  followed  the  example  of  the 
Toronto  &  Niagara  Power  Company,  whose  engi- 
neers also  use  high-power  touring  cars  for  the 
same  purpose. 

The  cars  are  subjected  to  the  severest  kind  of 
service,  as  they  will  be  on  the  go  continuously. 
They  will  enable  Mr.  Sothman  to  keep  closely  in 
touch  with  the  work  at  different  points,  and  will 
be  used  not  only  on  the  power  line  between  the 
Falls  and  Toronto,  but  on  other  projected  lines  to 
different  points  throughout  the  Province. 


BRANTFORD  AUTOISTS. 

Brant  ford  auto  owners  are  co-operating  to  keep 
down  tne  speed  of  autos  in  that  city.  There  is  a 
recommendation  before  the  city  council   o  a  by- 
law be  prepared  limiting  the  speed  of  cars  on  cer- 
tain busy  street  to  four  miles  an  hour.  It  is  also 
proposed  to  place  signs  on  all  roads  leading  into 
the  city  to  warn  incoming  tourists  of  the  local 
speed  limits. 

The  automobile  business  in  Brantford  is  assum- 
ing no  small  proportions.  There  will  be  at  least 
five  very  handsome  new  cars,  owned  by  local  en- 
thusiasts there  this  summer,  and  several  more  deals 
are,  it  is  stated,  pending.  Mr.  C.  J.  Mitchell  closed 
a  deal  with  Mr.  Fred  barber  for  a  very  fine  Ford 
car  of  the  latest  pattern.  Dr.  Ashton  has  secured 
one  of  the  leading  American  cars,  the  White  Steam- 
er. Mr.  Iden  Champion  is  also  among  the  pur- 
chasers and  will  sport  a  brand  new  Cadillac.  Mr. 
T.  J.  Fair  will  have  an  up-to-date  Russell  car,  as 
will  also  Mr.  George  jl).  Heyd.  It  is  also  said  Mr. 
Glen  Ellis  will  have  a  new  Ford.  Considering  the 
present  string  of  cross-country  ca-s  already  owned, 
there  will  be  mucn  tooting  in  Brantford  this  sum- 
mer. 


MORE  NEW  AUTOS. 

There  are  from  rifteen  to  twenty  new  automo- 
biles for  Amherst,  N.  S.,  this  season.  A  few  of 
them  have  already  arrived.  Charles  Faweett,  of 
Sackville,  has  ordered  a  tlrrty-five  horse-power 
Russell  gentleman's  roadster,  and  Forest  Mitchell, 
of  Chignecto,  has  placed  an  order  for  a  similar 
machine. 


THE  TRAP 

Rod  and  Gun  and  Motor  Sports  in  Canada  is  the  Official  Organ  of  the 
Dominion  of  Canada  Trap-Shooting  Association.  All  communications 
should  be  addressed  to  W.  A.  Smith,  Editor  "The  Trap"  Kingsville,  Ont. 


TOURNAMENT  DATES. 

May  4.  —  Stratford,  Ont.,  Stratford  Gun  Club.  Win.  Boles, 
Secretary. 

June  29,  30,  and  July  1  and  2. — Joint  tournament  of  Cana- 
dian and  American  Indians  at  Queen's  Royal,  Niagara- 
on-the-Lake,  Ont.  Thos.  A.  Duff,  3  Maynard  avenue, 
Toronto,  High  Scribe,  Canadian  Indians. 


STRAY  PELLETS. 

A  great  many  gun  clubs  have  accepted  the  offer  of  the 
Dominion  Cartridge  Company  of  a  handsome  watch  fob  for 
competition,  to  be  known  as  "The  Nobel  Trophy."  The  tro- 
phy is  of  solid  silver,  with  raised  centre  of  gold  and  enamel, 
the  whole  attached  to  a  genuine  pigskin  strap.  The  trophy 
must  be  shot  for  in  five  events  of  25  targets  each,  the  rules 
of  the  Dominion  of  Canada  Trap  Association  to  govern.  The 
question  of  handicap,  etc.,  is  left  with  the  clubs  interested 
to  decide.  The  presentation  of  these  handsome  trophies 
should  do  much  to  stimulate  enthusiasm  among  gun  club 
members. 


Geo.  Orton  held  an  informal  shoot  on  Good  Friday  at  his 
home,  near  Olinda,  in  Essex  county.  In  the  first  event,  at 
25  targets,  the  scores  were:  Geo.  Orton  21,  Forest  Conover 
18,  Otto  Fox  18,  Oliver  Orton  10,  Gordon  Brown  10,  Frank 


S.  FITTON,  Exeter,  Ont. 

Winner  of  the  Western  Ontario  Championship. 


Stotts  13,  Milt  Wigle  17,  Howard  Dresser  8.  Second  event, 
25  targets:  Geo.  Orton  10,  Forest  Conover  18,  Otto  Fox  12, 
Gordon  Brown  14;  Frank  Stotts  12,  Milt  Wigle  15.  Third 
event,  10  targets:  Geo.  Orton  10,  Forest  Conover  13,  Otto 
Fox  11,  Gordon  Brown  6,  F.  Stotts  11,  Milt  Wigle  11. 


The  one  prize  won  by  the  trap  shooters  of  the  St.  Hubert's 
Gun  Club  of  Ottawa  against  the  Montreal  Gun  Club,  Good 
Friday,  was  the  Grand  Average,  which  was  captured  by 
Johnstone  of  St.  Hubert's,  after  a  shoot-off  with  Ewing  of 
Montreal.  The  pair  finished  even  at  79  birds  out  of  a  pos- 
sible 100,  and  in  the  shoot-off  for  first  place  Johnstone  won 
by  17  to  16.  The  Ottawa  Cup  was  successfully  defended  by 
Montreal  by  176  to  138  in  a  ten  men  a  side  match,  as  was 
also  the  Montreal  Cup  by  86  to  80  in  a  five  men  a  side  match. 
The  third  challenge  match  was  for  the  Westmount  Shield, 
Ewing  of  Montreal  defeating  the  challenger,  Dr.  Smith  of 
Ottawa,  by  81  to  69. 

♦     *  * 

High  wind  and  a  blinding  snowstorm  played  havoc  with 
the  scores  at  the  numerous  shoots  held  on  Good  Friday. 


The  J.  Stevens  Arms  &  Tool  Company,  of  Chicopee  Falls, 
Mass.,  write  stating  that  they  have  an  interesting  special 
offer  to  make  foor  the  consideration  of  gun  clubs.  All  gun 
clubs  issuing  programmes  of  their  sports  this  spring  are  in- 
vited to  communicate  with  the  firm,  when  full  particulars  of 
this  offer,  which  involves  their  new  No.  520  repeating  shot- 
gun (Browning's  patent),  will  be  forwarded  to  them.  The 
firm  state  that  their  offer  is  a  liberal  one,  and  so  far  has  cre- 
ated considerable  interest.  Secretaries  of  gun  clubs  should 
take  note  of  this  fact  and  lose  no  time  in  communicating 
with  the  firm,  informing  them  that  their  attention  was 
called  to  the  offer  through  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada.  The 
greater  the  number  of  clubs  taking  adavnatage  of  the  pro- 
posal the  more  effective  will  the  manufacturers  consider 
their  plan.  There  is  therefore  no  need  to  be  backward  in 
writing. 


HURON  INDIANS'  TOURNAMENT. 

S.  Fitton,  of  Exeter,  won  the  Western  Ontario  champion- 
ship at  the  annual  spring  shoot  of  the  Huron  Indians,  held 
at  Exeter  on  Good  Friday.  The  championship  event  was 
third  on  the  programme,  and  Fitton  broke  18  out  of  the  20 
birds. 

The  weather  was  bad  for  shooting,  a  high  wind  blowing  a 
heavy  fall  of  snow  across  the  .traps.  In  consequence  the 
scores  were  hot  up  to  the  standard. 

Fred  Galbraith,  of  Duart,  was  high  average,  breaking  98 
out  of  the  120  total.  Bert  Glover,  of  London,  was  second, 
with  97,  but  one  behind  the  leader.     The  scores: 


20 

20 

20 

20 

20 

20 

S.A.  B. 

J.  E.  Cantelon,  Chatham.. 

.14 

11 

14 

14 

15 

17 

120—85 

F.  Kerr,  Exeter   

15 

9 

15 

15 

14 

12 

120—80 

J.  Trebner,  Exeter   

.13 

12 

10 

15 

13 

15 

120  78 

Dr.  Kennedy,  Ailsa  Craig 

.10 

10 

10 

8 

13 

15 

120—66 

S.  Webb,  London   

8 

13 

11 

9 

13 

14 

120—68 

15 

16 

15 

16 

18 

17 

120—97 

14 

11 

11 

11 

16 

18 

120—81 

F.  Galbraith,  Duart  

17 

17 

16 

15 

18 

15 

120—98 

13 

10 

12 

14 

15 

16 

120—80 

*C.  Thomson,  Hamilton  .  . 

.15 

12 

12 

19 

13 

16 

120—87 

D.  Hartleib,  Exeter  

16 

13 

12 

15 

15 

12 

120—83 

S.  Fitton,  Exeter   

12 

12 

18 

14 

15 

10 

120—81 

W.  Johns,  Exeter  

11 

13 

11 

10 

17 

13 

120—75 

12 

12 

13 

10 

12 

9 

120—68 

D.  Brintnell,  Exeter  

.10 

11 

5 

9 

14 

14 

120—61 

W.  E.  Sanders,  Exeter  .  .  . 

..14 

13 

15 

12 

18 

13 

120—85 

H.  Zimmer,  Exeter  

..  7 

6 

5 

8 

11 

4 

120—39 

*  Professional. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


91 


WESTERN  ONTARIO  TRAP  SHOOTERS  FORM  A  LEAGUE. 

The  Western  Ontario  Trap  Shooters'  League,  composed  of 
clubs  from  five  different  towns — London,  Stratford,  Brantford, 
Ingersoll  and  Woodstock,  has  been  formed  at  Woodstock  on 
April  15th.  All  the  towns  were  represented  but  London, 
whose  representative  was  unable  to  be  present.  W.  E.  Bon- 
net looked  after  the  interests  of  the  Woodstock  Gun  Club, 
and  A.  W.  Fisher,  Stratford,  W.  J.  Kirbyson,  Ingersoll,  and 
A.  B.  Cutllffe,  Brantford,  were  the  other  delegates  present. 

Officers  were  elected,  rules  governing  the  league  drawn  up, 
and  the  schedule  made  out.  It  is  the  intention  to  hold  home 
an~  home  matches  during  the  summer.  Each  team  will  con- 
sist of  five  men,  and  25  targets  per  man  will  be  shot  at. 
The  winning  club  will  receive  a  handsome  silver  trophy,  and 
the  individual  members  of  the  champion  team  will  receive 
medals.  In  addition  there  will  also  be  donated  prizes  for 
the  highest  individual  average,  also  a  prize  for  the  longest 
run  of  breaks.  The  shooters  eligible  must  be  members  of 
the  club  they  shoot  for  at  the  present  time. 

Following  are  the  officers:  President,  A.  W.  Fisher,  Strat- 
ford; vice-president,  Mr.  Bert  Glover,  London;  secretary- 
treasurer,  Mr.  A.  B.  Cutliffe,  Brantford.  Managing  Commit- 
tee— W.  J.  Kirbyson,  Ingersoll  and  W.  E.  Bonnet,  Wood- 
stock, with  the  above  officers. 

Following  is  the  schedule  of  shoots: 
Woodstock  at — > 

Brantford,  May  5. 

Stratford,  June  2. 

London,  July  21. 

Ingersoll,  August  18. 
Brantford  at-« 

Stratford,  September  8. 

London,  Juno  2. 

Ingersoll,  July  7. 

Woodstock,  August  4. 
Stratford  at-. 

Ingersoll,  May  5. 

Brantford,  June  23. 

Woodstock,  September  1T>. 

London,  August  18. 

London  at-- 

Woodstock,  May  19. 
Ingersoll,  June  23. 
Stratford,  July  7. 
Brantford,  September  15. 
Ingersoll  at— 

Brantford,  May  19. 
Woodstock,  Juno  23. 
Stratford,  July  21 . 
London,  August  4. 


OPENING  OF  SEASON  AT  WINNIPEG. 

The  trap  shooting  season  opened  with  a  rush  on  Good  Fri- 
day at  the  Fort  Garry  traps,  when  some  forty  artists  of  the 
trigger  took  their  preliminary  whirl  at  the  little  black  discs. 
.Some  five  or  six  also  lined  the  sights  on  the  skimming  sau- 
cers for  the  first  time,  and  the  way  they  broke  them  up, 
promise  to  make  good. 

The  morning  was  ideal  for  shooting  and  some  good  scores 
were  made  in  the  four  events  held.  The  Excelsior  Gun  Club 
had  a  team  of  ten  men  on  the  grounds  and  they  succeeded  in 
defeating  the  Garrys  in  the  team  shoot  by  3  birds. 

Dr.  Cadham  was  high  average  for  the  shoot,  with  a  total 
of  68  out  of  70.  and  R.  J.  McKay  was  second  with  65.  The 
miss-and-out  took  nearly  50  birds  to  decide,  E.  H.  Houghton 
finally  winning  from  H.  U.  Lightcap.  Among  the  new  ones 
who  showed  up  well  were  McBain,  Houghton  (F.),  Carscad- 
den,  Dr.  Smith,  Joe  Green  and  Ed.  Crayston. 

Following  are  t lie  principal  scores: 

First  Event  (T5  birds).— Dr.  Cadham  15.  C.  Wellband  14, 
Fred  Yates  14.  Ed.  Rowan  33,  B.  Hamilton  13,  Fred  Scott 

13,  R.  J.  McKay  13,  J.  Benson  33.  W.  J.  Simpson  12,  J.  Mc- 
Leod  Holliday  12.  D.  Nimmons  12,  E.  H.  Houghton  10.  Joe 
Cadham  11,  .  H.  Daly  10,  A.  Lake  10.  Douglas  10,  E.  Hamil- 
ton 9,  Joy  9,  G.  C.  Palmer  9,  Cantwell  9. 

Second  Event  (team  shoot) — Excelsior  Team:  R.  J.  McKay 
24,  J.  Benson  21,  Douglas  17,  Brooks  22,  Cantwell  17,  Palmer 
15,  Ross  18,  Rowan  20,  Darby  19,  Hunter  12;    total  185. 

Fort  Garry  Team:  Lightcap  24,  Houghton  23,  Holliday 
19,  Hamilton  13,  Cadham  24,  Yates  22,  Simpson  11,  Scott 
21,  Lake  11,  Nimmons  16:   total  183. 

Third  Event  (15  birds) . — H.  U.  Lightcap  15,  Dr.  Cadham 

14,  Dave  Nimmons  13,  McKay  13,  W.  J.  Simpson  13,  Fred 
Yates  13,  Douglas  12,  J.  Holliday  11,  B.  Hamilton  31.  A. 
Lake  11,  C.  Wellband  11,  Brooks  10,  Houghton  30,  Joy  30. 

Fourth  Event  (15  birds). — Dr.  Cadham  15,  R.  J.  McKay 

15,  Yates  13,  Wellband  13,  Lightcap  13,  Watson  12,  Joy  12, 
Nimmons  11. 


H.  W.  Hunsberry,  Jordan  Gun  Club, 


MONTREAL  WINS  LANSDOWNE  CUP. 

St.  Hubert's  Gun  Club  grounds,  Westboro,  were  the  scene 
of  an  interesting  shoot  on  Easter  Monday,  when  representa- 
tives of  the  St.  Hubert's  and  Montreal  Gun  Clubs  met  for 
the  Lansdowne  trophy.  The  shoot  was  wou  by  Montreal  by 
a  score  of  104  to  103. 

The  Lansdowne  trophy  is  a  large  silver  cup,  representative 
of  the  championship  of  Eastern  Canada,  donated  by  Lord 
Lansdowne  during  his  term  as  Governor  General  of  Canada. 
The  previous  holders  were  the  St.  Hubert's  cracks,  but  it  is 
years  since  it  was  competed  for  before,  the  Montreal  club 
challenging  only  a  week  before  the  shoot  came  off.  The 
match  was  one  of  the  best  ever  decided,  perfect  weather 
aiding  the  marksmen  to  do  particularly  well  with  the  rifles. 
A  large  crowd  watched  the  match,  and  the  finish  was  excit- 
ing, the  ownership  of  the  trophy  being  in  doubt  until  the 
last  shot  had  been  fired.  Montreal  will  now  carry  off  the 
trophy  and  hold  it  for  one  year.  Next  summer  they  must 
return  it  to  the  St.  Hubert's  Gun  Club,  but  they  may  chal- 
lenge for  it  at  any  time.     The  match  is  to  be  shot  annually. 

In  the  match  the  Montreal  men  won  three  and  lost  two, 
winning  out  by  the  narrowest  possible  margin.  One  of  the 
features  of  the  match  was  the  defeat  on  the  average  3core 
of  George  Ewing,  the  Montreal  crack  who  went  to  England 
last  summer  and  carried  off  the  world's  championship  at  the 
Olympic  meet.  Ewing  was  beaten  on  the  day's  shooting  by 
H.  Viau,  of  the  St.  Hubert's  Club.  They  shot  at  100  birds, 
Viau  missing  19  and  Ewing  20.  Competition  was  keen  for 
the  high  average  score,  the  defeat  of  Ewing  being  a  sur- 
1  rise.     Viau  did  splendid  work. 

The  teams  and  scores  follow:  , 

MONTREAL.  ST.  HUBERT'S. 

Strachan    21  Viau    24 

Ewing    20  Johnstone    22 

Carney    22  Seagar    20 

Lyal    21  Brown   19 

Kenyou    20  Smith    18 


Total    104 


Total    103 


W.  G.  Hearne,  the  popular  salesman-shooter  who  has  cov- 
ere  the  Southern  States  for  the  Marliu  Firearms  Co.  for  sev- 
eral years  past,  is  back  at  work  again.  Mr.  Hearne  has  been 
out  of  the  game  for  about  seven  months  past  because  of  con- 
tinued ill-health,  and  has  been  recuperating  at  his  home  in 
Seaford,  L.I.  "Bill"  says  he  is  now  in  first-class  shape  physi- 
cally and  expects  to  take  in  as  many  of  the  tournament 
shoots  as  possible  in  his  territory,  featuring  the  new  Marlin 
trap  gun.  Now  that  he  is  back  in  his  old  form,  and  shooting 
this  new  and  exclusive  Marlin  trap  model,  some  exceptional 
scores  may  be  expected,  for  with  a  standard  Marlin  repeater 
Mr.  Hearne  was  high  over  all  the  professionals  in  the  Grand 
American  handicap  in  1905,  with  97  out  of  100,  and  he  is  al- 
ways capable  of  putting  up  an  excellent  score 


93 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


THE  PARKDALE  (TORONTO)  TOURNAMENT. 

The  annual  tournament  of  the  Parkdale  Gun  Club  started 
on  Good  Friday,  and  from  9  o'clock  until  darkness  prevented 
a  further  continuance  of  the  fun,  it  was  one  steady  fusilade. 

The  general  opinion  from  all  the  shooters  was  that  the 
management  could  not  be  improved.  The  office,  under  the 
supervision  of  Mr.  Harry  Stevens,  of  U.  M.  C.  Co.,  and  Mr. 
G.  R.  Ginn,  of  the  Winchester  Co.,  was  all  that  could  be  de- 
sired. The  general  management  of  the  traps  and  the  get- 
ting of  the  shooters  into  line  was  looked  after  by  Mr.  Charles 
North,  of  the  Chamberlain  Cartridge  &  Target  Co.,  which 
leaves  nothing  to  be  said. 

The  team  shoot  for  the  handsome  trophy  presented  by  Mr. 


J.  C.  Eaton,  of  the  T.  Eaton  Co.,  was  won  by  the  Riverdale 
Gun  Club,  of  Toronto;  second,  the  Stanley  Gun  Club,  Tor- 
onto; third,  Hamilton  Gun  Club. 

Many  visitors  from  out  of  town  were  made  welcome.  Our 
cousins  from  over  the  border  made  a  good  showing,  and  are 
certainly  good  sportsmen. 

The  first  five  events  were  all  shot  at  16  yards,  shootem 
afterwards  being  handicapped  according  to  their  percentages, 
SO  per  cent  and  under  standing  at  16  yards,  80  to  83  per 
cent.  17  yards,  83  to  86  per  cent.  18  yards,  86  to  89  per  cent. 
19  yards,  90  per  cent,  and  over  20  yards. 

The  weather  was  not  conducive  to  good  scores,  as  will  ba 
seen  by  the  following: 


First  Day:  Event  No. —  1 
Number  of  Targets—  20 

♦Elliott,  J.  A.  R   19 

•Stevens,  H.  H   18 

•Marshall,  T.  A.    18 

•Whi.te,  E.  G   18 

•Dunk,  G.  M   18 

Jennings,  J.  E   17 

Duncan,  W   16 

Henline,  CD   15 

Keily,  A.  E   15 

Pedrich,  W   15 

Talcott,  J.  L   17 

Houghton,  T   19 

"Dr.  Wilson"    14 

Vivian,  G.  L   15 

Fenton,  W.  R   17 

Parker,  F.  A   16 

Ely,  W.  T   16 

McGill,  G.  W   17 

Wakefield,  P.  W   13 

Rasberry,  M   17 

Wolfe,  G   17 

Wolfe,  A   13 

Fletcher,  M   15 

Hunter,  J   13 

Bates,  A   13 

Scott,  D.  M   16 

Cassidy,  Dr   16 

Upton,  T   14 

Marsh,  E.  J   11 

Broderick,  M   11 

Hooey,  F   15 

Coath,  E   11 

<Jay,  A.  J  

Warden,  C  '  

Warden,  F  

Brooks,  S  

Williams,  E   15 

Bennett,  T.   .  . .,   19 

Hinkson,  T  

Gay,  R  

"Redwing"   •   14 

Mason,  E.  H  ;  

Fletcher,  R.  J  :   15 

Beck,  J.  S  10 

Montgomery,  J.  A.   

Stanley,  F.  J.    12 

Devins,  I.  N  ;   10 

McMachin,  D  

*  Professional. 

Second  Day:    Event  No. —  1 

Number  of  Targets—  20 

•Elliott,  J.  A.  R   20 

•White,  E.  G   14 

•Marshall.  T.  A   17 

•Stevens,  H.  H  *  17 

Talcott,  J.  L   14 

Vivian,  G.  L   16 

Jennings,  J.  E   19 

Henline,  C.  D   •  17 

Keiley,  A.  E   14 

Wakefield,  P.  W   17 

Fenton,  W.  R   19 

Rasberry,  M   15 

Brooks,  S  ■   13 

Warden,  F   16 

Duncan,  W   15 

Houghton,  T   16 

"Redwing"   12 

Warden.  C   15 


2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

S.A. 

B. 

20 

20 

20 

20 

20 

20 

20 

20 

20 

18 

17 

17 

18 

19 

19 

19 

20 

18 

200 

184 

18 

20 

17 

18 

19 

17 

19 

19 

16 

200 

181 

18 

18 

15 

17 

18 

16 

17 

17 

18 

200 

172 

17 

16 

15 

19 

18 

18 

19 

19 

12 

200 

171 

14 

15 

15 

16 

16 

20 

16 

18 

1# 

200 

163 

20 

20 

19 

19 

18 

15 

18 

18 

18 

200 

182 

13 

16 

19 

16 

18 

19 

20 

17 

15 

200 

169 

20 

18 

19 

18 

18 

18 

13 

15 

14 

200 

168 

16 

15 

18 

16 

20 

17 

15 

18 

16 

200 

166 

17 

14 

19 

17 

17 

16 

16 

17 

16 

200 

164 

18 

20 

15 

17 

19 

18 

12 

14 

12 

200 

162 

19 

13 

16 

18 

17 

14 

15 

14 

16 

200 

161 

17 

15 

14 

18 

19 

16 

17 

17 

14 

200 

161 

JLO 

17 

17 

18 

17 

15  . 

18 

15 

13 

200 

160 

15 

17 

17 

19 

16 

17 

14 

17 

10 

200 

159 

16 

1  K 
lO 

15 

13 

17 

18 

14 

17 

16 

200 

157 

16 

14 

14 

14 

17 

14 

16 

19 

17 

200 

157 

13 

i  a 

18 

17 

16 

18 

11 

19 

15 

13 

200 

157 

19 

16 

21 

15 

15 

18 

19 

14 

16 

200 

156 

15 

16 

16 

15 

18 

15 

15 

12 

16 

200 

155 

17 

17 

15 

13 

16 

11 

16 

16 

14 

200 

152 

17 

15 

16 

ID 

18 

13 

16 

12 

15 

200 

150 

17 

15 

14 

13 

13 

17 

lO 

1  <? 

11 

200 

147 

16 

14 

17 

16 

1  T 

15 

16 

14 

8 

200 

146 

15 

14 

15 

15 

12 

16 

9 

200 

140 

17 

18 

17 

15 

16 

16 

8 

14 

180 

137 

14 

15 

10 

13 

13 

8 

16 

16 

12 

200 

133 

11 

9 

16 

18 

14 

14 

15 

12 

10 

200 

133 

17 

17 

13 

13 

13 

11 

11 

10 

12 

200 

128 

14 

10 

16 

10 

15 

11 

11 

16 

12 

200 

126 

16 

14 

17 

12 

17 

16 

13 

160 

120 

18 

9 

13 

16 

14 

13 

5 

160 

99 

20 

17 

14 

17 

15 

16 

120 

99 

17 

15 

17 

14 

15 

17 

120 

95 

16 

17 

12 

16 

15 

18 

120 

94 

14 

14 

15 

18 

14 

16 

120 

91 

12 

18 

16 

13 

12 

120 

86 

16 

17 

17 

17 

100 

86 

s 

15 

15 

10 

17 

11 

120 

76 

14 

15 

13 

15 

13 

100 

70 

19  • 

13 

18 

80 

64 

15 

19 

15 

14 

80 

63 

15 

15 

13 

80 

58 

11 

11 

13 

80 

45 

18 

14 

40 

32 

14 

40 

26 

9 

40 

19 

16 

20 

16 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

S.A. 

B. 

20 

20 

20 

20 

20 

20 

20 

20 

20 

16 

19 

17 

19 

19 

20 

19 

18 

17 

200 

184 

16 

19 

12 

14 

16 

18 

17 

18 

17 

200 

161 

19 

15 

17 

20 

15 

20 

19 

18 

13 

200 

173 

15 

20 

16 

17 

18 

18 

15 

19 

18 

200 

173 

15 

18 

17 

16 

14 

20 

17 

18 

13 

200 

162 

17 

18 

14 

18 

14 

19 

17 

18 

16 

200 

167 

14 

18 

16 

15 

19 

15 

1» 

16 

16 

200 

167 

18 

20 

18 

16 

19 

20 

17 

13 

14 

200 

172 

16 

14 

15 

IS 

11 

17 

11 

16 

15 

200 

147 

14 

13 

±2 

18 

15 

18 

15 

12 

16 

200 

150 

14 

17 

13 

19 

19 

17 

15 

20 

14 

200 

167 

17 

13 

13 

17 

13 

13 

10 

15 

11 

200 

137 

15 

13 

16 

17 

11 

17 

140 

102 

16 

15 

13 

16 

17 

120 

93 

16 

17 

16 

16 

15 

16 

12 

13 

18 

200 

154 

17 

15 

14 

17 

15 

15 

12 

19 

13 

200 

•  153 

16 

17 

14 

15 

18 

18 

15 

13 

14 

200 

152 

16 

17- 

13 

9 

100 

70 

ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


93 


1909  Improved  KELSO  Auto matic  Reel 


Aluminum  casing, 
bearings.     Can  be 
Rod  either  above 
below  the  hand.  This 
is  positively  guaran- 
against  any  defect. 

If  you  once  use  a 
KELSO 
AUTOMATIC 
REEL 

you  never  will 
use  any  other 
for  fly  casting. 


Mz/lilji///// 


Kelso  Pearl  Minnow 

50  CENTS  EACH 

3  inches  long,  %  inch  deep.  Mounted  with  Ger- 
man Silver,  connected  by  German  Silver  wire,  so 
there  is  no  strain  on  the  pearl. 

Ask  your  dealer  for  KELSO  Pearl  Baits.  There 
is  something  about  the  glitter  of  pearl  in  the  water 
that  will  attract  game  fish  when  everything  else 
fails. 

Made  in  kidney  shape,  all  sizes  from  Trout  to  Muscallonge. 
Also  minnow  shape. 

Catalogue  to  the  trade  only.     Manufactured  by 

H.  J.  FROST&  CO  ,  90  Chambers  Street  N£W  YORK 


McGill,  G.  W  

   16 

14      17  14 

18 

14 

16 

15 

15 

11 

200 

150 

Wolfe,  ~  

  19 

11  13 

2w 

00 

43 

  17 

12      17  17 

14 

18 

14 

16 

19 

14 

200 

158 

16 

10 

40 

-26 

12 

15 

8 

60 

35 

Broderick,  M  

15 

14 

13 

60 

42 

Joslyn,  Wm  

11 

10 

18 

60 

39 

Masoni  B.  H.  .  .  

16 

13 

40 

29 

*  Professional. 


Team  Race. 

RIVERDALE  GUN  CLUB. 

Pedrick,  W   16 

Duncan,  W    17 

Jennings,  J.  E.   17 

Bennett,  T   15 

Davidson,  C   15 

STANLEY  GUN  CLUB. 

Vivian,  G.  L   18 

Wakefield,  P.  W   17 

Hume    16 

McGill,  G.  W   13 

Ely,  W.  T  ;   10 

HAMILTON  GUN  CLUB. 

Upton,  T   17 

Rasberry,  M   18 

Hunter,  J   15 

Dr.  Wilson    15 

COURTICE  ROD  AND  GUN  CLUB. 

Worden,  C   18 

Worden,  T   13 

Gay.  A.  ,T   17 


19—35 
18—35 
17—34 
17—32 
15—30 


-165 


18—  36 

19—  36 

18—  34 

19—  31 
17—27 


-164 


18—85 
15—33 
17—32 
17—32 
—102 


16—34 
18—31 
13—30 


Brooks,  S   16  14—; 

Gay,  R   10  19—29 

PARKDALE  GUN  CLUB. 

Wolfe,  A   18  16—34 

Wolfe,  G  '   18  15—33 

Parker,  F.  A   14  17—31 

Mason,  E.  H   15  12—27 

Fenton,  W.  R   14  12—26 


154 


-151 


Hifh  Averages. 

S.A.  B. 

Jennings    400  349 

Henline   400  340 

Vivian    400  327 

Fenton    400  32* 

Talcott      400  324 

Duncan    400  325 

Parker   ,   400  315 

Houghton  '   400  314 

Keily   400  313 

McGill    400  30T 

Wakefield    400  308 

Rasberry   400  292 

J.  E.  Jennings  won  the  high  average  for  Canadians. 
C.  D.  Henline  for  Americans. 


94- 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


NOTHWEST  NOTES. 

An  enthusiastic  meeting  was  held  to  reorganize  the  Killar- 
ney  (Man.)  Gun  Club.  It  was  decided  to  change  the  name 
of  the  Club  to  the  Lakeside  Gun  Club.  The  following  officers 
were  elected:  Patrons,  George  Lawrence,  M.P.P.,  and  Sen- 
ator F.  M.  Young:  president,  W.  J.  Sanders;  vice-president, 
O.  G.  Rutledge;  secretary-treasurer,  David  Whyte;  commit- 
tee. W.  F.  Ramsey,  Harry  Cooney,  Norman  Arscott;  field 
captain,  Dr.  W.  E.  Tweed.  It  was  decided  to  hold  a  tour- 
nament about  June  1,  also  a  large  tournament  on  Lakeside 
fair  week.  One  reason  why  the  club  will  be  in  better  shap« 
than  it  has  been  for  the  past  few  years  is  owing  to  the  fact 
that  Messrs.  Sanders  and  Rutledge,'  who  have  been  travelling 
for  the  past  few  years,  have  both  gone  into  business  in  Kil- 
larney. 

The  Gladstone  (Man.)  Gun  Club's  opening  shoot  on  Good 
Friday  afternoon  proved  quite  a  success.  Under  ideal  weath- 
er conditions  the  scores  were  good.  Scores:  W.  Boyd  24, 
W.  Williscroft  23,  A.  W.  Murdoch  21,  A.  Singleton  20,  G. 
Fairbairn  20,  W.  Conner  20,  J.  J.  Leamen  20,  P.  M.  Kenney 
1G,  B.  Jamieson  16,  J.  Doty  16,  W.  Freek  13,  J.  Eccles  14, 
G.  Jamieson  12,  B.  Boyd  11.  W.  Vickers  9. 


BRANDON  SCORED  A  SUCCESS. 

The  Brandon  Gun  Club  held  their  opening  shoot  of  the  sea- 
son on  Good  Friday,  whihe  proved  a  great  success,  both  in 
attendance  and  points  of  s~hooting.  Twenty-one  members 
turned  out,  and  one  and  all  gave  a  good  account  of  them- 
selves, considering  it  was  the  first  shoot  of  the  season. 

Every  indication  goes  to  show  that  this  year  the  club 
will  attain  a  high  standing  in  trap  shooting,  while  the  mem- 
bership is  steadily  increasing,  and  the  club  boasts  some  of 
the  finest  shots  in  the  province,  many  of  them  being  the 
younger  fry  at  that. 

Each  member  shot  at  25  birds,  and  while  R.  Lane  was  high 
man  with  19,  of  the  younger  members  R.  Strome  and  W. 
Currie  were  close  runners  up  with  15  and  14  respectively, 
and  Blokie  Smith  with  11. 

The  individual  scores  were  as  follows:  R.  Lane  19,  R. 
Powell,  Jr.,  18,  D.  Wismer  16,  W.  Bishop  16,  D.  E.  Clement 
15,  W.  Osborne  16,  R.  R.  Dowling  14,  R.  Strome  15,  J.  Yates 
14,  W.  Currie  14,  0.  Rymph  14,  G.  Smith  11,  W.  Schwartz 
11,  T.  N.  Williamson  12,  W.  Kerr  10,  P.  Powell,  Sr.,  10, 
Hunter  Smith  13,  G.  Evans  8,  and  A.  McGregor  7. 


CALGARY  TO  THE  FORE. 

The  annual  meeting  of  the  Calgary  Gun  Club,  Limited,  has 
been  held,  with  President  J.  Mosely  in  the  chair.  The  secre- 
tary's report  was  first  read  and  accepted.  It  showed  the 
club  to  be  in  an  excellent  condition  financially.  The  election 
of  officers  was  the  next  order  of  business  and  resulted  as 
follows: 

Honorary  President — A.  E.  Cross. 
President — Dr.  Gunn. 
First  Vice-President — R.  G.  Robinson. 
Second  Vice-President — John  Stewart. 
Secretary — H.  C.  Andrew. 
Treasurer— A.  Huddell. 

Executive — H.  Cramer,  E.  C.  Hall,  A.  K.  Morrison,  T. 
Tarrant,  A.  Fidler,  F.  G.  Green  (aid.),  B.  McLaren. 

It  was  decided  after  considerable  discussion  to  split  the 
office  of  secretary-treasurer,  as  it  means  too  much  work  for 
one  man  to  handle  satisfactorily. 

After  the  election  of  officers  Dr.  Gunn,  the  newly-elected 
president,  took  the  chair.  It  was  decided  to  make  a  dona- 
tion to  the  Alberta  Game  Protective  Association  toward  the 
assisting  of  importing  a  number  of  Hungarian  partridge  and 
pheasants.  These  birds  are  to  be  liberated  in  the  vicinity 
of  Calgary. 

During  the  coming  season  the  regular  weekly  spoon  com- 
petitions will  be  held  on  Tuesday  and  Friday  evenings.  This 
plan  was  tried  out  last  year  and  created  much  interest  and 
enthusiasm  among  the  shooters.  As  last  year,  the  different 
shooters  will  be  devided  into  three  classes,  A,  B  and  C,  ac- 
cording to  their  average  scores  in  the  past. 

It  was  also  decided  to  hold  the  annual  tournament  during 
fair  week,  the  dates  to  be  arranged  later  by  the  executive, 

A  resolution  of  thanks  and  appreciation  of  the  work  he  had 
done  was  tendered  Mr.  Morrison,  the  retiring  secretary-treas- 
urer. Mr.  Morrison  has  worked  hard  for  the  club,  and  it  is 
no  doubt  due  to  his  untiring  work  and  interest  that  the  club 
is  today  in  ;  present  healthy  condition.  After  a  vote  of 
thanaks  to  Mr.  Moseley  for  the  use  of  his  rooms  the  meeting 
adjourned. 


The  first  shoot  of  the  Calgary  Gun  Club  was  held  on  Good 
Friday.  The  high  wind  interfered  with  the  shooting,  but  in 
spite  of  this  some  very  fair  scores  were  made.  A.  Huddell 
had  the  high  score  in  any  one  event,  killing  18  out  of  a  pos- 
sible 20.  and  he  also  made  the  high  average  of  the  day  with 
76  out  of  100,  B.  McLaren  was  second  with  74,  and  R.  G. 
Robinson  third  with  65.    The  scores  made  were  as  follows: 

A.  Huddell    14      18     15      17  12—76 

B.  McLaren    14      14      13      16  17—74 

R.  G.  Robinson    15      17      11       9      13— 6.5 

Phair  (Red  Deen    12      10     14      12  13—61 

Cramer   11      13      13      12  11—60 

Wrightson    12     11      14  12 

OKOTOKS. 

Stewart,  J.    10     15  16 

Morrison..  A.  K,    7      10  11 

Gunn,  Dr.  J.  N   14      17  15 

Spafford.  S   11  14   

Slingsby,  L  *   7     14    -  9 

Tarrant,  T   9  11   

Hall,  E.  C   11      14  10 

Nancarrow    11      12  15 

Seymesser   7 

Luxton  (Banff)    8   


THE  RED  DEER  (ALTA.)  GUN  CLUB. 

The  annual  meeting  of  the  Red  Deer  Gun  Club  was  held  on 
April  8th,  with  President  Capt.  Cottingham  in  the  chair. 
Tne  annual  report  of  Secretary  Plaxton  was  read  and  adopt- 
ed.    The  following  officers  were  elected  for  the  ensuing  year: 

Patron — E.  Michener,  M.P.P. 

Honorary  President — Mayor  W.  J.  Botterill. 

President — Capt.  Cottingham. 

Vice-President — R.  L.  Gaetz. 

-ecretary-Treasurer — W.  H.  Plaxton. 

Assistant  Secretary — L.  M.  Gaetz. 

Fielu  Captain — H.  H.  Drake. 

Executive — Messrs.  Ware,  Stephenson  and  Randall. 

The  membership  fee  for  the  year  was  set  at  $2,  and  2  cents 
a  bird  for  all  birds  shot  at. 

The  season  opened  on  May  3rd,  and  a  blackboard  was 
placed  on  the  grounds  for  keeping  scores.  Oscar  Ware  was 
secured  as  trapper.  Votes  of  thanks  were  tendered  Mr. 
Botsford  for  use  of  his  office,  and  the  secretary  for  his  efforts 
on  behalf  of  the  club.  Mr.  Ware  kindly  offered  the  use  of 
his  room  for  gun  club  meetings. 

During  the  evening  J.  G.  Norquay,  C.  J.  Rutter,  Mr.  Mur- 
ray, Mr.  Pettifer  and  T.  A.  Gaetz  were  proposed  as  new 
members,  and  there  will  be  more  to  follow.  The  club  gives 
every  indication  of  being  the  largest  this  year  in  its  history. 


DARTMOUTH  DOINGS. 


The  annual  Good  Friday  shoot  of  the  Dartmouth  Gun  Club 
was  blessed  with  fine  weather,  one  of  the  finest  days  of  the 
season  so  far,  though  squally  at  times. 

The  programme  was  varied  by  the  addition  of  rifle  sohot- 
ing  in  the  morning.  The  shooting  was  at  25  yards  on 
standard  quarter-inch  ring  target.  As  the  range  is  out  doors 
and  the  shooting  off-hand,  the  squally  weather  of  the  morn- 
ing was  not  conducive  to  high  scoring. 

The  rifle  scores  are  as  follows,  three  stages  of  5  shots 
each: 

J.  A.  McLaughlin    88      106  109—303 

F.  W.  Russell    96     108  95—299 

.1.  T.  Egan    74      108  104—284 

G.  P.  Monahan    58       51  52—161 

A.  M.  Stuart    105       72  110—287 

G.  E.  Maclnnes    74       40  91—205 

H.  Greene    102      104  82—288 

A.  Edwards    74      100  63—237 

R.  F.  Eagar    93      112  89—294 

F.  Kaizer   75       54  101—230 

—  Morash   58       22    .  21—101 

R.  A.  Johnson    109       81  101—291 

Lunch  was  partaken  of  and  trap  shooting  taken  up  after- 
wards. The  regular  programme  consisted  of  100  targets, 
although  as  all  events  were  for  merchandise  prizes,  there 
were  a  number  of.  shoot-offs.  The  shooting  was  all  at  16 
yards,  unknown  angles,  Sergeant  system. 

Targets—  10    20    15    20    10    20     5   S.A.  B. 

H.  Greene    6    17    13    16     9    17     5    100  83 

J.  A,  McLaughlin    7    18    11    15     7    14     4    100  76 

A.  Edwards    8    15    10    15     6    12    ..      95  66 

II.  D.  Romans    8    13    10    12     5    13     3    100  64 

G.  E.  Maclnnes    4    13     8    15     7     9     4    100  60 

A.  M.  Stuart    7   '12    11    13     .8    12     4    100  67 

J.  T.  Egan    8    14      9    15      9    16      4    100  75 

Romans'-  autogun  got  to  working  badly  and  be  had  to  finish 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


95 


Du  Pont  Powders 


MAKE 


LONG  RUNS 

NOT  ONLY  POSSIBLE,  BUT  PROBABLE 


Feby.  1  - 
Feby.  4- 
Feby.  22 
Mar.  6- 
Mar.  30- 
April  1 
April  3 
April  4- 
Aprii  6- 


W.  H. 

W.  H. 

Willet 

J.  R. 

E.  W. 
-C.  O. 
-Fred 
-J.  M. 
-W.  D. 


=    SOME  1909   LONG  RUNS  — 

Heer,  at  San  Antonio,  Texas  100  Straight 

Heer,  at  Nacogdoches,  Texas  100  " 

Ewing,  at  Edge  Hill,  Penna  106  " 

Blakeslee,  at  Cleveland,  Ohio  149  " 

Varner,  at  Cedar  Bluffs,  Neb  100  " 

LeCompte,  at  Lexington,  Ky  117  " 

Gilbert,  at  Cincinnati,  Ohio  101  " 

Hughes,  at  Council  BGuffs,  la  104  " 

Stannard,  at  West  Lebanon,  Brtd  .104  " 


The  Powder  that  Makes  and  Breaks  Records 
The  Powder  for  Particular  People 


out  several  events  with  borrowed  guns,  which,  of  course,  does 
not  improve  scores. 

Mr.  E.  H.  Johnnot,  of  the  Dominion  Cartridge  Co.,  was 
present  in  the  interest  of  his  firm  and  was  pleased  to  find 
Dominion  loads  being  used  by  many  of  the  shooters.  The 
Ballistite  loads  are  favorites  with  Dartmouth  trap  shots. 

High  average  badge  for  the  month  was  won  by  H.  Greene, 
S3  per  cent:,  with  Ballistite. 


Douglas    65  52 

Townson    45  29 

Hulme    60  57 

Vivian    65  61 

Fritz    35  33 

Card    50  30 

G.  Schiebe    70  42 


Ten  Byck   45 

Hal  ford   35 

Ely    60 

F.  Schiebe    80 

Hogarth    45 

Thomas   25 

Edkins    25 


TORONTO  TRAPS. 

STANLEY  GUN  CLUB. 
Notwithstanding  the  fact  that  it  rained  all  the  afternoon 
there  was  a  large  attendance  of  members  and  their  friends 
at  the  Stanley  Gun  Club's  regular  weekly  shoot  on  April  3rd. 
The  second  series  of  handicap  shoots  were  brought  to  a  suc- 
cessful issue,  and  the  winners  of  the  high  average  in  Class  A 
were  as  folows:  Ely  and  Joselin  tied  for  first  place,  with 
Vivian,  •  Hulme  and  Waflefield  next  in  order.  In  Class  B, 
Fritz  was  first  with  a  very  creditable  score,  with  Halford, 
Edkins,  Richardson  and  Douglas  next  in  the  order  named. 
The  scores  for  the  afternoon  resulted  as  follows: 


On  Saturday,  April  24th,  the  weekly  shoot  of  the  above 
club  for  silverware  was  held,  and  some  very  good  scores 
were  made. 

Mr.  White,  of  Chicago,  a  well-known  trap  shooter,  paid  a 
visit  to  the  club,  and  took  part  in  a  number  of  the  events. 
Mr.  White,  Ely,  Vivian  and  Fenton  were  high  guns  for  the 
day.     The  following  were  the  scores: 


Name—  S.A.  B. 

Vivian    65  60 

Card    75  39 

Ely    90  84 

Hulme    75  59 

Wakefield    60  49 

Albert    50  29 


Name—               S.A.  B. 

Dunk   115  91 

Wakefield                    80  65 

Hulme                         75  62 

Thompson                    65  44 

Mason                         65  41 

Douglas                       65  39 

G.  Schiebe                   65  37 

Hogarth                       65  35 

Halford                       60  47 

Ten  Eyck                    60  47 

Joselin                         55  48 

Ely                              55  43 


Name — 
Pearsall  . 
F.  Schiebe 
Edkins  . . . 
Albert  ... 
Sawden    .  . 


S.A. 

...  55 

...  50 

...  50 

...  50 

....  40 

Townson    35 

Vivian    35 

Buchanan    35 

Sikes    25 

Fritz    25 

Richardson    25 

Thomas    25 


Name—               S.A.  B. 

Thompson    55  31 

F.  Schiebe    55  35 

Fenton    80  72 

Mason   r   40  2> 

White    55  45 

Fritz    25  17 

Black    25  13 


BALMY  BEACH  GUN  CLUB. 
The  regular  weekly  shoot  of  the  Balmy  Beach  Gun  Club 
was  held  Saturday  afternoon,  April  17,  under  ideal  weather 
conditions,  which  were  enjoyed  even  by  those  whose  scores 
were  away  down.  Some  fair  shooting  was  done,  however, 
as  the  following  shows:  At  25  targets— Davis  24,  McGaw  22^ 
Ross  22,  Mason  22,  J.  G.  Shaw  18,  Craig  18,  Lyonde  18,  Hun- 
ter 18,  McDuff  18.  At  10  targets— McDuff  10,  Craig  10,  Mc- 
Gaw 9,  Davis  9,  Mason  8,  Ross  8,  J.  G.  Shaw  8. 


The  Stanley  Gun  Club  held  a  very  successful  shoot  on  Sat- 
urday. April  17th.  The  weather  being  fine,  a  large  turnout 
of  members  was  present,  and  some  fine  scores  were  made. 

Nam*—  S.A.    B.       Name—  S.A.  B. 

McGill   125    107       Van  Duzer    25  20 

Houghton   105     81       Albert    60  38 

Joselin   100     81       Sawden    50  37 


TORONTO  CLUB  FINAL. 
The  final  handicap  shoot  of  the  Toronto  Rod  and  Gun  Club 
took  place  on  the  Rosedale  grounds,  when  the  winners  of  the 
previous  eight  handicap  contests  at  sparrows,  who  were  R. 
Tinning,  Dr.  W.  R.  Patton,  R.  Van  Vlack,  W.  R.  Skey,  P. 
G.  Blatchly  (twice),  G.  W.  Meyer  and  H.  M.  Ashling,  com- 
peted for  a  souvenir  shield  donated  by  Dr.  W.  R.  Patton, 
captain. 

The  shoot  was  at  15  sparrows,  5  from  21  yards,  second  5. 


96 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


from  23  yards,  third  5  from  25  yards,  and  resulted  in  a  tie 
between  P.  G.  Blatchly  and  G.  W.  Meyer.  The  shoot-off  at 
5  birds  from  23  yards  resulted  in  a  second  tie.  The  final 
tie  was  won  by  G.  W.  Meyer,  with  4  birds  out  of  5  to  his 
credit. 

The  consolation  cup,  presented  by  the  president,  P.  G. 
Blatchley.  was  won  by  F.  Summerhayes. 

The  club  championships  were  won  by  W.  G.  Meyer,  pigeons 
and  clay  birds,  and  Ray  Van  Vlack,  sparrows. 

The  officers  for  next  season  were  elected: 

President— P.  G.  Blatchly. 

Vice-President  and  Captain — Dr.  W.  R.  Patten. 
Second  Vice-President — W.  R.  Skey. 
Treasurer — F.  B.  Poucher. 
Secretary — F.  Summerhayes. 
Official  Referee— W.  W.  Jeffers. 

Executive  Committee — R.  Tinning,  W.  G.  Meyer.  L.  Stro- 
ther,  P.  G.  Thomas,  C.  C.  Macnamara.  R.  S.  Van  Vlack. 


WOODSTOCK'S  DOINGS. 

The  members  of  the  Woodstock  Gun  Club  held  a  very  en- 
joyable shoot  at  their  grounds  on  the  Beachville  road  on 
Good  Friday  afternoon.  The  shooting  was  done  in  a  blind- 
ing snowstorm,  but  the  rivalry  was  keen  and  some  good  scores 
were  made.     The  scores: 


S.A.  B. 

Ed.  Dutton    60  48 

W.  Bonnett    35  27 

F.  Fartow    55  35 

A.  Dent    50  28 


S.A.  B. 

G.  Walker    70  49 

J.  Maynard    60  44 

Mueller    55  31 

H.  Farlow    20  16 


The  Woodstock  Gun  Club  held  a  very  enjoyable  shoot  at 
their  grounds  on  the  Beachville  road  on  Saturday  afternoon, 
April  24th,  anu  although  the  afternoon  was  dark  and  the 
targets  hard  to  see,  some  good  scores  were  made.  The  team 
to  represent  Woodstock  in  the  Western  Ontario  Trap  Shooters 
League  was  chosen,  being  picked  from  the  four  highest  scores 
In  a  25-bird  match.  F.  Farlow,  W.  E.  Bonnett,  John  Dut- 
ton and  J.  Maynard.  who  all  shot  above  18,  were  the  lucky 
ones,  and  with  Dr.  Kay  of  Otterville,  will  compose  the  team 
that  will  go  up  against  Brantford  in  the  first  league  match, 
which  will  take  place  in  Brantford. 

The  local  shooters  are  doing  well  at  the  traps  this  season. 
Following  were  Saturday's  scores: 

S.A.    B.  S.A.  B. 

Ed.  Dutton    50    30       G.  Walker    50  24 

J.  Dutton    50    30       J.  Maynard    40  26 

H.  Collins    50    25       F.  Farlow    50  33 

A.  Dent    40    18       W.  Bonnett    30  24 


KEENE  vs.  PETERBOROUGH. 

The  Keene  Gun  Club  the  day  before  Good  Friday  defeated 
by  23  shots  the  visitors  from  Peterborough.  The  score  stood 
as  follows: 


13 


PETERBOROUGH 

Tivey   

J.  Soden    8 

James   10 

Fairweather    13 

Wood    IS 

Hooey    13 

Neil   16 

J.  Castor   17 

L.  Hall    11 

A.  Stillman    13 

R.  Weir   15 


Total    147 


KEENE. 

R.  J.  McCamus   11 

E.  Foley    14 

J.  Elmhirst    17 

A.  Elmhirst   16 

H.  Elmhirst   .  .  ,  16 

J.  Foley    19 

M.  O'Keefe    15 

Geo.  Dinsdale    19 

S.  Fife    15 

F.  M.  Dean    13 

W.  Elmhirst   15 

Total    170 


A  FULL  DAY  AT  BELLEVILLE. 

The  members  of  the  Belleville  Gun  Club  and  many  of  their 
friends  had  considerable  sport  on  Good  Friday  at  the  ranges, 
there  being  a  shoot  both  in  the  morning  and  in  the  after- 
noon. The  best  shooting  was  done  in  the  morning,  as  in 
the  afternoon  most  of  the  shooting  took  place  in  the  midst 
of  a  heavy  snowstorm,  and  during  part  of  the  time  in  a 
shifting  light,  which  was  exceedingly  puzzling  to  the  marks- 
men. Whilst  most  of  the  men  shot  well,  Day's  work  was 
particularly  good,  he  centering  his  targets  nicely,  most  of 
the  birds  disappearing  in  a  cloud  of  dust.  Mr.  Harris'  score 
was  also  highly  creditable,  as  he  shot  in  the  old  sportsman- 
like position  of  gun  below  elbow. 

Harry  Day  again  proved  to  be  an  easy  victor  in  both 
matches,  although  in  the  first  match  he  was  closely  followed 
by  Jim  Hurst.     Twenty-five  birds  were  shot  at  by  each  com- 


petitor at  both  matches,  the  scores  and  contestants  being  as 
follows: 

MORNING  SHOOT. 

Harry  Day    22       Ed.  Harris    15 

Jim  Hurst    21       T.  Boyle    15 

B.  McGuire    18       Geo.  Bennett    13 

Mark  Sprague    16       C.  B.  Narraway    9 

M.  Stork    15 

AFTERNOON  SHOOT. 


Harry  Day    23 

W.  Andrews    20 

W.  Hart    19 

Ed.  Harris    18 

T.  Boyle    17 

Jas.  Thompson   16 

Jas.  Hurst    16 

M.  Stork    14 

M.  Sprague    13 


Jas.  Woodley    13 

Thos.  Gay    12 

C.  B.  Narraway   12 

J.  Miller    12 

S.  Turner    11 

James  Gillick    10 

Bert  Carre    10 

Geo.  Bennett    10 


PETROLIA  TRAPS. 


The  following  were  the  scores  made  by  Petrolia  Gun  Club 
on  April  22.  Wind  was  strong.  Distance,  17  yards;  trap, 
Bowron;  birds  fast. 

S.A.    B.  S.A.  B. 

W.  White    25    10       T.  Grunizen    25  9 

T.  Kelly   25     8       C.  Clements    25  11 

J.  Bolton   25     9       A.  Bedard    25  10 

M.  Broderick    25  19 

The  club's  shooting  has  been  very  badly  held  up  lately  on 
account  of  wet  grounds,  but  now  it  is  getting  dried  up  the 
regular  shoots  will  be  held  every  Wednesday  evening,  weather 
permitting.  There  was  a  heavy  wind  blowing,  and  those 
who  turned  out  to  shoot  had  some  very  bad  birds,  which 
accounts  for  the  low  scores,  made. 

The  club  shoots  for  the  Nobel  Trophy  are  to  be  held  on 
May  20th,  June  3rd  and  17th,  and  July  1st  and  15th. 

A  very  enthusiastic  meeting  was  held  at  the  Tecumseh 
House  on  Tuesday  evening,  April  20th,  and  the  prospects  are 
bright  for  a  good  season's  sport  at  the  traps. 


BEAMSVILLE  TOURNAMENT. 

Beamsvllle  held  its  postponed  shoot  on  April  24th.  The 
wind  was  not  favorable,  but  nevertheless  some  good  scores 
were  made.  Birds  were  thrown  about  50  yards  and  the  shoot- 
ing was  from  16  yards.  High  average  was  won  by  W. 
Barnes,  Hamilton.  Second  average  and  longest  run  was 
won  by  G.  S.  Karr,  Beamsville,  and  third  average  was  won 
by  D.  A.  Konkle,  Beamsville.  Mr.  Waddell,  Hamilton,  won 
.low  average  prize.  Court.  Thomson,  Hamilton,  was  present 
in  the  interest  of  the  U.  M.  C.  and  Remington  companies. 
The  scores: 

S.A.    B.  S.A.  B. 

Court.  Thomson   100    88       G.  Karr   100  92 

P.  Friend   100    72       D.  Konkle   100  89 

J.  Hunter   100    88       E.  Konkle   100  82 

M.  Raspberry   100    87       P.  Walker   100  69 

Waddell   100    67       Montgomery    30  14 

W.  Barnes   ...100    94       Fritshaw    20  12 

BEAMSVILLE  SCORES. 
The  following  were  the  scores  made  in  practice  by  Beams- 
ville Gun  Club  on  Good  Friday.     The  wind  was  very  high. 
Distance,  16  yards:  birds  fast. 

S.A.    B.  S.A.  B. 

Major  Singer   100     70       C.  Prudhomme  ...    30  16 

G.  S.  Karr   50     35       A.  Eckhart    50  26 

J.  Zimmerman   50     40       B.  Fritshaw   40  22 

W.  Leney    40     29       W.  Merritt    20  13 

D.  Konkle    50     35       C.  Luey    30  9 

E.  Konkle    50  35 

The  scores  were  low  on  account  of  a  blinding  snowstorm. 


A  GUELPH  SHOOT. 

The  Royal  City  Gun  Club  had  an  interesting  afternoon's- 
sport  on  Good  Friday.  There  was  a  shooting  match  between 
teams  picked  by  the  president  and  vice-president  of  the  club. 
The  vice-president's  team  won  out  by  3  points  in  the  contest, 
which  was  an  exceptionally  close  one.  The  shooting  was 
very  good,  although  the  weather  made  it  impossible  to  roll 
up  any  very  high  scores.  The  winning  team  entertained  the 
losers  to  a  banquet  last  night  at  the  Western  Hotel. 

Besides  the  team  work  there  was  also  some  good  trap 
shooting  done  by  individual  members  of  the  club.  Following 
are  the  scores: 

President's  Team. — A.  E.  Ritchie  14,  W.  Singular  20,  L. 
Singularl6,  J.  Vogt  7,  T.  .Russel  14,  H.  Rhodes  16,  A.  Mogk 
9,  G.  Wood  7;   total  103. 

Vice-President's  Team.— T.  Spaulding  19,  W.  G.  Mitchell 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA  97 


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TORONTO  OFFICE-49  WELLINGTON  ST.  EAST  1605 


98 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


18,  E.  V.  Thompson,  Jr.,  18,  E.  V.  Thompson,  Sr.,  16,  S. 
Hamilton  11,  B.  Hewer  6,  W.  McCasland  5,  W.  H.  Sleeman 
13:  total  106. 

There  were  In  all  five  single  men  events,  and  the  following 
scores  bear  evidence  of  the  fact  that  in  spite  of  the  weather 
the  individual  shooting  was  not  too  bad.  The  scores  by 
events  were  as  follows: 

Event  No.  1  (10  targets) . — L.  Singular  9,  H.  Rhodes  6,  E. 
V.  Thompson,  Sr.,  5,  E.  V.  Thompson,  Jr.,  7,  J.  Vogt  6,  A.  E. 
Ritchie  6,  T.  Russel  2,  W.  Singular  7,  W.  G.  Mitchell  8,  T. 
Spaulding  7. 

Event  No  2.— L.  Singular  1,  W.  G.  Mitchell  9,  E.  V. 
Thompson,  Sr.,  6,  T.  Spaulding  8,  E.  V.  Thompson,  Jr.,  7,  A. 
E.  Ritchie  7,  H.  Rhodes  5,  T.  Russel  6,  W.  Singular  6,  G. 
Ritchie  8. 

Event  No.  3.— E.  V.  Thompson,  Jr.,  7,  W.  G.  Mitchell  8, 
L,  Singular  8,  T.  Spaulding  6,  M.  J.  Brown  4,  H.  Cull  6,  A, 
Ritchie  5,  C.  Ritchie  5,  H.  Rhodes  4,  W.  Singular  9. 

Event  No.  4.— H.  Cull  6,  L.  Singular  9,  W.  G.  Mitchell  8, 
H  Rhodes  3,  W.  Singular  10,  Wood  5,  Hewer  1,  Mogk  3,  M,  J. 
Brown  3,  C.  Ritchie  5. 

Event  No.  5. — H.  H.  Cull  8,  L.  Singular  7,  W.  Singular  9, 
Rhodes  5,  A.  Ritchie  7,  W.  G.  Mitchell  9,  A.  E.  Ritchie  7. 


HAMILTON  SHOOTERS  AT  BUFFALO. 

The  Buffalo  Audubon  Club  held  their  first  shoot  for  the 
month  of  April  on  their  grounds,  April  3rd.  They  had  as 
their  guests  the  Hamilton  Gun  Club,  of  Hamilton,  Ont.,  to 
shoot  a  return  match,  the  first  half  of  the  match  being  shot 
at  Hamilton '  on  February  22nd  last,  and  was  won  by  the 
Audubon  boys.  The  result  of  the  second  half  of  the  match 
was  the  same,  the  Audubon  boys  winning  by  a  margin  of  109 
targets. 

The  weather  was  not  ideal  for  target  shooting,  b<t  in  spite 
of  this  fact  the  Audubons  made  some  very  good  scores,  and 
some  of  the  Hamilton  boys  shot  well.  The  best  score  in  the 
match  was  made  by  Smith  of  the  Audubons,  who  broke  48 
out  of  50,  the  high  man  for  the  day  being  another  Audubon 
man,  Dr.  Wooton,  breaking  91  out  of  100. 

After  the  match  the  Audubon  Club  entertained  the  Hamil- 
ton Gun  Club  at  a  banquet  at  the  Ellicott  Club,  which  was 
a  very  enjoyable  affair.  Speeches  were  made  by  President 
Reinecke  of  the  Audubons,  President  Upton  of  the  Hamilton 
Gun  Club,  and  several  other  members  from  both  clubs.  Mr. 
Smith  for  the  Audubon  Club  spoke  upon  the  Eastern  handi- 
cap, which  is  to  be  held  under  the  auspices  of  the  Audubons, 
July  20  to  23. 

The  following  are  the  scores  made: 

Targets—  10      15      25      25      25     S.A.  B. 

T.  Upton    9      11      17      18      19      100  74 

E.  Hilleker    9     13     21     22     23     100  88 

Dr.  Wilson    8      10     17     21      17      100  73 

H.  Mesinger   6     13      15     22     15      100  71 

C.  Brigger   7     13     22      17      17      100  76 

F.  Wright   10     13     21      21      21      100  86 

J.  Crooks   9       9      18     19      18     100  73 

E.  F.  Hammond    10      14      2*      21      .  .        75  68 

A.  J.  Horning   4      12      17      21      13      100  67 

W.  H.  Smith   10      11      24      24      21      100  90 

C.  Thompson   -.      8      13      22      23      24      100  90 

C.  J.  Seymour    7      11      20     17     24     iqp  79 

H.  E.  Hawkins    7      15     18     19      19      100  78 

P.  Bernhard  •   7     10     21      20     22      100  80 

W.  H.  Waddell   8      10     17      15     20     100  70 

C.  G.  Babcock    6     11      19     24     21      100  81 

R.  Ripley    10     13     20      18      19      100  80 

A.  Keily   8     10     19     24     22     100  83 

M.  Raspberry    7      11      17      19     19     100  73 

Ed.  Reinecke    8     13      17     24     21      100  83 

D.  M.  Scott   9       8      22      20      16      100  75 

Ed.  Cox    10      12      24      22      18      100  86 

Dr.  Bailey   6     11     17     23     19     100  76 

C.  S.  Sidwav    9     13     23     22     22     100  89 

R.  Crooks    8       8     14     21      18     100  »  69 

J.  L.  Talcott    8     15     19      16     23     100  81 

W   Wark    9     13     20     17      ..       75  59 

H  Walls    8     13     21      23     15     100  80 

Major  Singer    9      12     23      19      16     100  79 

B  V  Covert   8      11      22     22     21      100  84 

j   ciine    7       9     20     16     18     100  70 

W   F   Hopper    7      14     23     21      24     100  89 

L   Frank    3       7      12       8       8      100  ,  38 

F.  D.  Kelsev   9      13     22   .  22      . .       75  66 

W   Barnes'    7      10     21      18     20     100  76 

W  C.  Wootton    9      14     25     21     22     100  91 

C.  D.  Graham    9      10     12     17     20     100  68 

D.  W.  Tomlinson   7      11      19      18     20     100  75 

Dr.  Gardiner    8      13      19     19     20     100  79 


Al.  Suckow                           7     13     20     24  22     100  SO 

Dr.  Beyer    8     10     21  18   

C.  J.  Wilson                        6       8     12     18  19  100 

R.  Sidway   -    5     10     18     19  19      100  71 

O.  N,  Warner                       8     14     21     21  20     100  84 

C.  Barger    6     13     20  20   

C.  Weiss                               6     10     20     18  18     100  72 

Matson    9      10  v. 

Savage   18   

Choat   19   


ST.  CATHERINES  TOURNAMENT. 

The  fourth  annual  tournament  of  the  St.  Catherines  Gun 
Club  was  held  March  31st,  at  the  grounds  on  Vine  street, 
and  proved  the  most  successful  of  any  so  far  hel.1  by  the 
local  club.  There  was  a  very  large  attendance  of  shooter* 
from  outside  points,  including  Buffalo,  Hamilton,  Toronto, 
Niagara  and  other  places  in  this  district.  The  trade  was 
represented  by  the  following  well  known  professionals:  Geo. 
Dunk,  of  the  Dominion  Cartridge  Co.;  Court.  Thompson,  of 
the  U.  M.  C,  and  Remington  Arms  Co.,  anad  Mr.  Charles,  of 
Buffalo.  The  feature  of  the  day's  shooting  was  that  of  H. 
W.  Hunsberry,  of  the  Jordan  Gun  Club,  who  won  the  high 
average  prize  from  a  classy  field  of  shooters.  The  names  of 
the  competitors  and  their  scores  are  as  follows: 

20    10    20    10    20    10    20    10    20  10 

•Dunk   18     8    17    10    15     8     18     9    17  8 

•Charles   18    10    16     9    18    10    18     9    20  8 

*C.  Thomson   19     9    17     8    13     9    18    10    18  9 

Singer   16     9    18    10    19     7    12     7    17  9 

Bailey   15     9    18     8    17     8    14     8    19  7 

J.  Blank   14      7    14      5    16      6    15      7    17  7 

Lampman   14     6    13     8    12     6    13     9    16  6 

Killmer   14    10    16     7    14     7    17    10    16  9 

Raspberry   18    10    19     8    19     9    18     9    19  8 

Barnes   17     8    17     7    16     5  »15     6    19  9 

Dr.  Wilson   18     8    18     8    17     7    19     9    15  8 

Scott   15     9    14     9    16     8    18     8    15  4 

Waddell   18    10    16     9    16     6    13     6    13  7 

Kieley   15     4    18     7    15     9    15    10    16  8 

Talcott   20      9    18      9    17      7    18    10    18  9 

Cox   17     5    18     8    18     8    17     9    17  7 

R.  ^ank   11     9    18     8    16     9    18     7    17  9 

Hopkins   13     8    14    10    14     7    17     9    15  10 

Hunsberry   19     9    17    10    18    10    18    10    18  9 

D.  Konkle   18     8    18     8    10     6  17   

E.  Konkle   10    13  8  

Brady   11    . .    18    . .  9 

Coy   11      6    12     8    13  .. 

Dr.  Campbell   5    12     8    12  5 

Davidson    7    11      8  11 

Wells    5  12 

Pringle   18     9    18     9  18 

Ruch    7    13   .. 

*  Professionals 


SPRINGWOOD  (LONDON)  EASTER  SHOOT. 

The  Springwood  Gun  Club,  London,  Ont.,  held  their  annual 
Easter  shoot  April  9th.  Considering  the  strong  wind  that 
was  blowing  some  good  scores  were  made.  W.  A.  Brock 
had  the  high  score  of  29  for  four  events  at  10  birds  each. 

The  following  are  the  scores,  10  birds  shot  at  in  each 
event: 

Bryce    5       5       S       8       7  ..—33 

Parker    6      ..        6       5      ..  ..—17 

Brock    6       7       8      ..       8  ..—29 

Waide    8      ..       7       5      ..  7—27 

Walker   5      ..       5       7      ..  6—23 

Simcox    6      . .       . .        6       7 — 19 

Remington    7      ..       6       5       8 — 27 

H.  Gibson    3   2  5—10 

At  the  weekly  shoot  of  the  Springwood  Gun  Club  held  on 
April  30th,  nine  members  turned  out,  and  some  good  scores 
were  made.  Four  events  were  shot.  Nos.  1  and  2  counted 
for  a  prize  donated  by  one  of  the  members  and  it  was  won 
bv  R.  E.  Day.  The  scores: 
'Targets—  15     10     15     10        Hit.  P.C. 

Walker    11       5     10       6  32  64 

R.  Waide    9       3      10       9  31  62 

Parker    10       7      ..      ..  17  68 

Simcox    11       8      ..      ..  19  76 

J.  C.  Waide    10      ..      10       6  30  60 

Glover    13     10     15     10  48  96 

Day   : .      14      10      14       8  46  92 

McDowell    6       5  .  .  11  44 

McCord  "   11       6      '-•  18  64 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


99 


CLUB'S  ANNUAL  MEETING. 

The  postponed  annual  meeting  of  the  Springwood  (London) 
Gun  Club  was  held  on  May  3rd,  at  the  office  of  H.  A.  Sabine 
&  Co.,  and  it  was  about  the  best  meeting  ever  held  by  the 
club.    The  president,  Mr.  A.  S.  Blackburn,  was  in  the  chair. 

The  officers  elected  were  as  follows: 

President — S.  A.  Webb. 

Secretary-Treasurer — B.  W.  Glover. 

Committee — R.  Day,  J.  S.  Brown,  A.  H.  Clinger,  A.  Bryce, 
E.  G.  Simcox. 

It  was  decided  to  hold  a  club  shoot  on  May  24th,  when 
there  will  be  four  events,  two  at  15  targets  and  two  at  10 
targets.  This  is  not  intended  to  be  in  the  form  of  a  tour- 
nament, but  just  a  club  shoot  for  those  of  the  members  or 
their  friends  who  may  be  in  the  city  that  day. 

A  number  of  the  members  will  likely  visit  Stratford  to 
take  part  in  the  tournament  to  be  held  by  the  Stratford  club 
on  the  same  date. 

It  will  be  good  news  to  the  shooters  in  the  west  that  the 
Springwood  Gun  Club  will  hold  a  tournament  in  a  short  time. 
The  secretary  was  instructed  to  fix  a  date  and  make  all  ne- 
cessary preparations  for  a  tournament,  which  will  likely  be 
held  the  early  part  of  June. 

The  former  tournaments  held  by  this  club  were  such  a  de- 
cided success  that  the  one  proposed  will  no  doubt  attract  a 
large  attendance  of  shooters  from  all  parts  of  Western  On- 
tario, not  only  amateurs  but  also  professionals. 

The  club  instructed  the  committee  to  visit  the  grounds  and 
spend  whatever  amount  may  be  necessary  to  instal  a  new 
"pull"  box,  build  up  the  shooting  score,  and  make  other  at- 
tractions and  improvements  that  may  be  necessary  to  put 
the  grounds  and  buildings  in  first-class  shape. 

A  great  deal  of  interest  was  given  by  the  members  to  the 
new  trap-shooters'  league  that  was  recently  formed,  of  which 
the  Springwood  Gun  Club  is  a  part,  the  secretary  of  the  club 
being  vice-president  of  the  league,  and  the  team  which  the 
club  intends  entering  in  this  contest  will  make  a  strong 
effort  to  land  the  trophy  in  the  competition. 

The  finances  of  the  club,  according  to  the  treasurer  s  re- 
port, are  in  good  shape,  there  being  a  very  comfortable  bal- 
ance of  cash  on  hand,  several  thousand  birds,  and  no  liabili- 
ties. The  new  officers  wish  the  members  to  again  take  an 
interest  in  the  affairs  of  the  club.  An  invitation  «  also  ex- 
tended to  anv  one  in  the  city  who  may  not  be  a  member  of 
the  club  but  who  likes  the  shooting  game. 

THE  RIFLE. 

The  following  scores  were  made  by  men  of  the  90th  Bat- 
talion, Winnipeg,  March  26th,  on  the  new  Millican  target: 

*t.  J.  Yost    22 

McLeod    22 

S.  Western    21 


A.  Bawden    31 

J.  Western    27 

J.  Murray   .    26 

A.  Johnson    26 

Lieut.  Scott    26 

A.  W.  Dean   25 

A.  S.  Lawrence   25 

W.  W.  Taylor   25 

H.  Killum    24 

G.  Johnston    23 

P.  J.  Lees   23 

D.  M.  McCrae   23 

L.  Corpl.  Woodhead   23 


A.  Chase    22 

W.  J.  Brown   21 

J.  Kohnen    19 

R.  Banks   '■•  19 

H.  Case    19 

H.  Brown   •  •  ••  17 

J.  R.  Kerr    16 

p.  Woodman    16 


P.  Crossley 


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ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


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ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


TEMISKAMING  LAKE 

A  magnificent  Lake  bordered  by  the  unlimited  Wilds  of  the  Northland.  Splendid  hunting,  fishing  or  canoe 
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ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


19 


A  Running-Rapid, 
Rough-River 
Navigator 


Chestnut  Cruising  Canoes  are 
heavy-rapid,  rough  river  Navi- 
gators. Unlike  other  Cruising 
Canoes,  they  are  not  straight  on 
bottom,  but  rise  greatly  towards 
ends.  This  enables  them  to  ride 
large  waves  without  shipping 
water;  to  twist  and  turn  easily — 
a  vital  necessity  in  bad  waters. 
Chestnut  Cruising  Canoes  are 
light  —  easy  to  carry  on  portages  — 
speedy,  easy  paddlers  and  polers,  and 
easily  handled  by  one  man. 


CHESTNUT 
CANOE 


Built  strongly  with  fine,  rigid  Cedar  wide  Ribs  (set  close  together) 
with  Cedar  linings.  All  fastenings  are  copper;  ends  protected  by 
brass.  Framework  is  covered  with  one  seamless  sheet  of  specially- 
woven  Canvas,  heavily  coated  with  special  water- proof  preparation, 
which  fills  up  pores  of  Canvas  and  dries  as  hard  as  flint.  Change  of 
weather — heat  or  cold — has  no  ill  effect  on  this  Canvas,  insuring 
tightness  and  dryness.    Canvas  will  not  cake,  crack  or  dry  out. 

FRFF  ^ur  descriptive  Booklet  illustrates  Chestnut  Canoes  for 

*  *^*«"      all  purposes.    Drop  us  a  card  for  it  to-day. 

Chestnut  Canoe  Co.,  Ltd.,  Fredericton.   N.B.,  Ecx  445 


M ADE    INCANAD  A 

SEND  FOR  THAT  RELIABLE 

Right  away  and  be  free  from  those  battery  troubles  you  hdd  last  year 

BULLETINS  ON  REQUEST. 

CROFTAN  STORAGE  BATTERY  CO. 

423-425  Queen  St.  W.,  Toronto,  Ontario. 


ignition 
Dept. 


IF  YOU  HAVE 


Coller  Attachable  Grip 


for  your  casting  rod  then  you  are 
strictly  in  it;  if  you  have  not 
then  you  are  losing  the  real  comforts  of  fishing.  This  rubber  handle  is  placed 
on  any  rod  in  three  seconds;  fits  close  to  the  reel- 
seat;  does  not  overweigh  the  rod  like  other  forward 
grips.  Thousands  of  fishermen  are  using  this  grip, 
and  will  swear  by  it  to  a  man.  Order  one  today. 
Gray  rubber  50c;  red  rubber  60c.  Sold  by  all  dealers; 
if  not  send  P.O.  order  direct  to 

THE  COLLER  RUBBER  GRIP  CO. 
Dtpt.  13,  Coldwater,  Mich. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


20 


ROD  AD  GUN  IN  CANADA 


1 


The  Delights  of 
Motoring 

Are  No  Longer  Exclusively  Confined  to  the  Very  Wealthy 

The  "Reo ' '  Touring  Car  at  $1,250,  places  in  your  hands  all  the 
possibilities  of  a  high-priced  car. 

The  needs  of  the  motorist  are  "  condensed "  in  the  building  of 
the  "Reo." 

Its  mechanism  weighs  less  than  one-third  that  of  most  of  the 
high-priced  cars  —  but  that  one-third  is  the  very  best  material 
that  builders'  art  has  produced;  and  that  material  is  "ma- 
chined" and  worked  with  the  same  care  that  is  used  in  the 
highest-priced  cars  in  the  world. 

THE  REO  MOTOR  CAR  CO.,  OF  CANADA,  LIMITED 

ST.  CATHARINES,  ONT. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


21 


H&Rarms(q 


Price 
$5.00. 


Here's  a  Good 
Revolver  for  Target  Use. 

Note  the  perf edt  full  grip  —  how  it  fits  the  hand 
naturally,  affording  greater  accuracy  in  shooting. 

Six  inch  barrel,  22  calibre,  rim  fire.  Graceful 
in  design  —  perfectly  balanced  —  solid  frame,  yet  light,  compact,  durable. 

The  result  of  over  36  years  manufacturing  experience  —  your  guarantee  of  the 
little  details  you  cannot  see.    Particularly  desirable 

For  Both  Men  and  Women. 

In  fact  a  revolver  that  will  fulfill  every  purpose — from  pleasure  to  protection,  and  the 
rim  fire  means  economy  in  ammunition. 

Price,  as  illustrated,  6  inch  barrel,  Target  Grip  Stocks,  nickel  finish,  $5.00.    Blued,  50  cents  additional. 
With  2}4  inch  barrel,  regular  stocks,  nickel  finish,  $3.00.    Especially  desirable  as  a  noise  maker  with  blank  cartridges. 

Sold  by  all  first-class  dealers.    Rather  than  accept  a  substitute,  order  from  us  direct.    Look  for  our 
name  on  barrel  and  little  target  trademark  on  the  handle.    Write  today  for  our  new  illustrated  catalogue. 

HARRINGTON  &  RICHARDSON  ARMS  CO.,  591  Park  Ave.,  Worcester,  Mass. 


CONVINCING  REASONS 

Why  the  WITCH-ELK 
Hunting  Boots  are  Best 

For 
Sportsmen 
Engineers 
and  Miners 

They  are  the 
lightest  boot  on 
the  market,  quali- 
ty and  material 
considered.  They 
are  made  to  fit 
and  wear.  They 
are  p  r  a  c  t  i  c  ally 
waterproof  —  if 

properly  taken  care  of.  There  are  no  nails  or 
anything  to  gall  the  feet.  They  will  not 
harden. 

They  Will  Please  You. 

Ask  your  dealer  to  order  you  a  pair,  or  write 
for  Catalogue  0. 

Witehell-Seheill  Company 

Detroit,  Mich. 

Manufacturers  in  Sporting  and  Athletic  Footwear. 


In  Camp 

or  Bungalow 

the  favorite  Coffee  is  Chase  & 
Sanborn's 

Seal 
Brand 

Don't  forget  to  take  a  supply 
with  you. 


1  and  2-lb.  Cans  only. 
Never  in  bulk. 


22 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Hey> 

You  Fellows, 
Why  Don't  You 
Shave  Those  Faces 


PRICE  50c 


of  Yours?   Look  at  Mine 


V 


Camping,  Hunting  or  Fishing 

You  do  not  require  soaps — brushes — 
or  hot  water.  All  you  need  for  a 
clean  shave  every  morning  is 

SEMPRE  GIOVINE" 

and  a  Razor 


HALF  A  MILLION  MEN 

are  enthusiastic  users  of  Sempre  Giovine  (pronounced 
Sem-prey  jo-ve-nay).  It  is  antiseptic,  soothing  and  heal- 
ing— it  makes  it  possible  for  the  man  with  a  tender  skin 
to  have  a  shave  every  morning — at  home  or  away — a 
smooth,  clear  complexion,  and  a  face  free  from  irritation 
or  soreness. 

Xhe  full  size  brick,  50  cts.     Ask  your  dealer. 

Three  Shaves  for  10c 

If  not  at  your  dealer's  enclose  ten  cents  in  stamps  or 
coin  for  cost  of  mailing,  and  I  will  send  you  a  briquette 
of  "Sempre  Giovine,"  enough  for  three  of  the  easiest, 
smoothest  shaves  you  ever  had  in  your 
life  absolutely  free. 

Address  me  personally,  r  ^ 

MRS.  J.  C/CARR,  Pres. « 

MARIETTA  STANLEY  CO 
586  Fourth  St., 
Grand  Rapids, 
Mich. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


23 


Our  new  "3  Bolt— 3  Piece"  1909  Model  gun  has  the  simplest  and  fastest  lock  ever  put  in  a  gun.  Some 
makers  claim  a  three  piece  lock  but  do  not  show  or  count  the  main  spring — now  we  both  show  and 
count  the  main  spring — see  cut  above.  Please  note  we  have  cut  out  all  cocking  bars,  levers  and  push 
rods  and  hook  right  on  to  the  toe  of  the  hammer.  This  not  only  makes  a  lock  with  large  strong  parts 
but  a  lock  that  works  as  smooth  as  oil.  We  use  an  unbreakable  'coil  top  lever  spring,  also  a  coil  main 
spring,  which  acts  directly  on  the  hammer,  and  a  horizontal  sear,  which  makes  a  very  fast  lock  with  a 
quick,  clean,  sharp  and  snappy  pull.  The  hammer  has  only  a  half  inch  to  travel  as  compared  with  over 
an  inch  travel  in  other  guns,  which  makes  the  lock  50  per  cent,  faster.  If  you  are  a  trap  shooter  you 
will  readily  see  the  advantages  of  this  lock— we  figure  it  will  increase  your  score  5  per  cent.  We  make 
dainty  little  20  guage  guns  in  all  grades  hammerless.  Send  for  Art  Catalog  fully  describing  our  1909 
Model  gun.    Request  special  prices  on  our  entire  line,  18  grades,  $17.75  net  to  $300.00  list. 

Ithaca  Gun  Co.,  Dept.  No.  13,  Ithaca,  N.Y. 


THIS  VIEW  OF  THE 


Incomparable  "Syracuse 


99 


SHOWS  THE  PATENTED  WATER  JACKETED 


Our  catalogue  shows  these  and 
other  special  features. 


CONDENSING 
EXHAUST 


The  Carburetor  and  Timer,  with 
<-peed  control  leversv 

The  starboard  side  has  nothing 
but  spark  plugs. 

No  OiherMotor  built  does  or  can 
condense  the  exhaust,  remove  back 
pressure  and  relieve  stress  on  cylin- 
ders as  in  the 

"Syracuse" 

In  design  and  operation  it  is 

Simplicity  Simplified 

and  in 

Construction  Unexcelled 


SYRACUSE   GAS    ENGINE  CO. 

SYRACUSE,  M  Y,  U  S  A, 

When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


24 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


HEN  Mr.  S.  A.  Griffen.  of  Suva,  Fiji 
Islands,  makes  the  remarkable  state- 
ment— 

"My  25  ft.  boat  with  a  5%  H.P.  Ferro  engine  won  second  prize  in  the  races  here, 
over  6,  7  and  8  H.P.  engines,  and  was  only  defeated  by  a  much  larger  powered  boat. 
There  were  13  starters,  and  it  was  a  great  pleasure  to  "trim  the  bunch."  The 
natives  here  have  no  trouble  whatever  with  Ferro  Engines.  No  other  engine,  and 
we  have  a  host  of  them,  approaches  the  Ferro  in  simplicity  and  good  results  in  op- 
eration," he  is  repeating  the  praise  of  thousands  of  Ferro  owners  in  America.  The 
15,000  Ferros  in  use  are  the  result  of  the  mechanical  perfection  of  the  engine.  You 
will  be  enthusiastic  if  you  run  a  Ferro. 


Ferro 

Marine  Engines 

Made  in  1,  2  and  3  cylinders  from  3  to  25  H.P. 
Jump  Spark  Ignition 
1  and  2  cylinders,  4  to  15  H.P.    Make  and  Break 
Ignition.    Just  the  engine  for  any  boat 
for  work  or  pleasure 

Attractive  Prices — Best  Quality 


2  CYLINDER  FERRO  ENGINE  WITH 
FERRO  REVERSE  GEAR 


Offset  Cylinder— 

An  improvement  found 
in  the  highest  priced 
automobile  motors  and 
Ferro  engines.  Force 
of  explosion  exerts  all 
turning  force  on 
Crankshaft.  Gives 
greater  power  effi- 
ciency, reduces  and 
equalizes  side  thrusts 
of  piston  on  cylinder 
walls.  Eliminates  "knock"  which 
loosens  parts. 


Ferro  Engine  Embodies 
Most  Advanced  Improvements 

Counter  Balanced  Crankshaft. 
Successful  Cooling  System  for  any 
climate. 

Positive  Pressure  Oiling  System. 

Efficient  Ignition — Jump  Spark  and 

Make  and  Break. 

Accessibility  of  Working  Parts. 

All  Parts  Interchangeable. 

And  others  too  lengthy  to  mention. 


SPECIAL— 5,000  3  H.P.  FERROS  AT  A  VERY  LOW  PRICE.  Good  as 
money  can  build.  All  improvements  of  standard  Ferros,  quantity  brings 
down  the  price.    Just  the  thing  for  launch,  canoe,  dingey  or  auxiliary  yacht. 

Leading  Boat  Builders  use  Ferro  engines.  They  must  be  good  Ask  any 
of  the  following:  W.  H.  Mullins  Co.,  Salem,  Ohio.  Pioneer  Boat  &  Pattern 
Co.,  Bay  City,  Mich.  H.  E.  Gidley  &  Co.,  Penetang,  Ont.  Gilbert  Boat 
Co.,  Brockville,  Ont.  Rice  Lake  Canoe  Co.,  Gore's  Landing,  Ont.  Nova 
Scotia  Motor  Boat  Co.,  Halifax,  N.S.  j.  W.  Stone  Boat  Mfg.  Co.,  Kenora, 
Ont.  Wm.  English  Canoe  Co.,  Peterboro,  Ont.  Jas.  Conley  &  Son,  West- 
port,  Ont.    B  C.  Boat  &  Engine  Co.,  Vancouver,  B.C. 

A  Practical  Treatise  covering  design,  construction,  installation  and  opera- 
tion of  marine  motors  sold  for  half  the  cost — 25  cents.  9x12  inches  in  size, 
250  illustrations  and  diagrams,  72  pages.  For  the  man  who  is  not  an  expert 
mechanic.    Full  of  helpful  information  for  every  boat  owner. 

Free  Catalogue  describing  all  1909  models  upon  request.    Write  for  it. 
Remember  our   New  York  Office,  44  Cortlandt  Street  (second  floor^ 

A  large  stock  of  engines.    Experts  in  charge. 

The  Ferro  Machine  &  Foundry  Company 


Largest  Marine  Engine  Builders  in  the  World 


Main  Offices 


816  Superior  St.,  Cleveland,  O. 


Ask  the  following  Distri- 
butors for  Information 
and  a  Demonstration  : — 


A.  R.  Williams  Machinery 
Co  ,  Ltd.,  Toronto,  Ont. 

>  Winnipeg 

Western  Engine  &  Supplv 

Co.,  Vancouver,  B.C. 

Hinton  Electric  Cc, 

Victoria,  B.C. 

L.  M.  Trask  Co., 

St.  John,  N.B. 

J.  H.  Morrow, 

Brighton,  Ont. 

I.  L.  Lafleur,  Limited, 

Montreal,  Que. 

International  Harvester  Co., 
Ottawa,  Ont. 

Turnbull  Electrical  Mfg. 

Co.,  Kingston,  Ont. 

H.  E.  Gidley  &  Co. 

Penetang,  Ont. 

Quebec  Automobile  & 

Launch  Co.,  Quebec,  Que. 


Biggest  value  in  reverse  gear 
on  the  market.  Ferro  Gear 
gives  positive  control  and  a 
neutral  point  where  engine 
runs  free.    Get  a  catalog. 


When  writing  Advertisers  Mndly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


25 


HIGH  CLASS 

Motors  and  Launches 

AT  POPULAR  PRICES 

Motors  from  $60.00  up. 
Launches,  complete,  from 
$150.00  up. 

Send  for  Catalogue 

McKeough  &  Trotter,  Ltd. 

CHATHAM,  ONT. 

Toronto  Representatives— Alderson,  Hammond 
&  Ritchey,  1757  Queen  St.  West,  Toronto 


Marble's  Game  Getter  Gun  T"*et  feKtBi 8  Game 


MODEL,  1908 
22  caliber  rifle  barrel  and 
44  caliber  smooth  barrel. 
Brls.  12  in.  Wgt.  2%  lbs. 
Shoulder  Swing  Holster 
The  Only  All  Around  Gun 


This  one  Gun  Shoots  .22  Short,  Long  and  L.R.,  .44-40  Shot  and  .44-40  Round  Bullet 

Can  be'safely  used  with  smokeless  powder.  The  recoil  is  slight.  The  .44  barrel  is  not  choked.  Gu  n  is  easily 
and  quickly  opeaed.  Either  barrel  is  used  without  any  change  of  sight  or  adjustment.  Hammer  is  instantly  set  for 
either  barrel  or  at  SAFE.   Stock  locks  at  any  drop  desired.   Is  easily  removed. 

An  average  of  70  No.  8  shot  and  125  No.  10  strike  a  12  in.  square  at  50  ft.  The  No.  8  shot  range  from  60  to  80  per 
target.   Flying  or  running  game  can  be  shot  as  easily  as  with  any  gun  of  its  bore. 

The  22  barrel  shoots  as  strongly  and  accurately  as  any  make  or  length  of  barrel  of  its  caliber. 

The  GAME  GETTER  is  fully  described  in  FREE  CATALOG  of  Marble's  60  "Extra  Quality"  Specialties  for 
sportsmen. 


Price,  with  sights  shown  and  holster,  $18.00.  Sold  by  all  Dealers  or  direct  from  the  Makers 

MARBLE  SAFETY  AXE  COMPANY,  101-129  Delta  Ave.,  Gladstone,  Mich  ,  U.  S.  A. 


For  Sale — Twenty-three  Foot  Launch 

Up  to  date  in  every  particular.  Equipped  with  a 
"Leader"  Horizontal  Opposed  Four  Cycle  Marine  En- 
gine—six horse  power.  Outfit  entirely  new.  Price 
exceptionally  reasonable.  For  further  particulars  as 
to  price,  etc. ,  apply  to 

ROSS  CANOE  CO.,  ORILLIA,  ONT. 


THE  HILDEBRANDT  SPINNERS 

are  spinners  that  spin;  no 
swivels  required.  Suitable  for 
all  kinds  of  fishing.  Made  in  9 
different  sizes  and  50  styles  of 
pearl,  polished  brass,  and  brass 
spoon  blades,  nickel,  copper.and 
gold  plated.  In  fancy  feather 
and  squirrel,  fox  and  buck  tail  flies.   Send  for  catalogue. 

The  John  J.  Hildebrandt  Co.,  Drawer  No.  8,  Logansport,  Ind. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


26 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


IF  IT  ISN'T  AN  EASTMAN,  IT  ISN'T  A  KODAK 


The  Top  Notch  in 

Pocket  Photography 


The  3a  Folding  Pocket  Kodak 

Every  detail  of  design,  material  and  workmanship  has  been  worked  out  with  the  utmost 
care  to  produce  a  camera  of  the  widest  capabilities,  yet  it  retains  the  Kodak  simplicity  — 
and  "Kodak,"  you  know,  means  photography  with  the  bother  left  out. 

A  feature  of  the  1909  model  is  the  Kodak  Ball-Bearing  Shutter,  in 
which  we  have  embodied  a  new  principle  in  shutter  construction.  The 
leaves  are  in  five  segments,  mounted  entirely  on  ball  bearings  and  open 
in  the  form  of  a  star,  thus  admitting  a  much  greater  amount  of  light  in 
a  given  time  than  any  other  between  the  lens  type  of  shutter.  Practi- 
cally frictionless  and  with  a  precision  and  smoothness  that  are  a  me- 
chanical delight. 

No.  3A  Folding  Pocket  Kodak,  pictures  3%  x  5z/2t  $20.00. 


Kodak  Catalogue  free  at 
the  dealers  or  by  maAl. 


CANADIAN  KODAK  CO.,  Limited 

TORONTO,  CANADA  * 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Eod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


2; 


ADAMS  ENGINES 


The  ADAMS  people  are  leading-  with  a 
completely  equipped  by2  h.  p.  engine  out- 
fit for 


$110.00 


Get  the  catalog. 

There  are  no  extras  or  excuses  in  connec- 
tion with  ADAMS  engines. 


THE  ADAMS  LAUNCH  AND  ENGINE  MFG.  CO 

Factory:   Penetanguishene,  Ont.,  Canada. 
Western  Warehouses:  Vancouver,  B.  C,  and  Nanaimo,  B.  C. 


f  €\f\ti  H  F  R  F  ^et  y°ur  supplies  of  us.  You  want  the  latest  up-to- 
*-  v  f  1  111—  ft  £-  ^ate  SUpplies — we  have  them  at  prices  that  are  right  and 
will  interest  you.  Every  boatman  should  have  our  60  page  catalog  full  of  valuable 
information  on  five  types  of  reverse  gears,  including  two  speeds  ahead  and  self  lock- 
ing, six  speed  wheels,  a  weedless  wheel  and  reversible  and  up-to-date  marine  hard- 
ware.   Send  for  catalog  today.  MICHIGAN  WHEEL  CO. 

Grand  Rapids,  Mich. 


When  writing  Advertisers  Icindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


28 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Pleasure 
or  Profit 

It  makes  no  difference  —  the  gasoline 
motor  is  equally  available.  For  pleasure 
in  the  joy  of  being  on  the  water,  the  smooth 
motion,  the  ability  to  get  from  one  cool 
place  to  another  without  laborious  rowing 
or  waiting  for  a  breeze  to  fill  the  sails,  or 
the  joy  of  a  smooth-running  piece  of  ma- 
chinery and  the  control  which  one  has  over 
it.  Each  appeals  to  some  individual  as  be- 
ing the  one  thing  he  most  enjoys.  Which 
one  do  you  like? 


For  profit  as  an  auxiliary  to  keep  going 
when  the  wind  fails,  to  run  the  boat  to  the 
nets  and  back,  to  carry  passengers  from  one 
point  to  another;  in  fact,  gasoline  is  adapt- 
ed to  do  the  bidding  of  man  on  the  water 
in  the  thousand  and  one  uses  he  may  have 
for  it.  In  the  sizes  suitable  for  boats  up 
to  sixty  feet,  in  which  the  Canadian  Beaver 
is  manufactured,  the  cost  of  running  is  from 
iyz  to  2  cents  per  mile,  and  for  that  you  can 
carry  six  to  twenty  people,  depending  upon* 
the  size  of  your  boat. 

It's  a  good  proposition  either  way  you 
look  at  it,  and  if  you  are  equipped  with  a 
Canadian  Beaver  the  results  are  certain. 
We  guarantee  that. 

Shall  we  talk  the  matter  over  with  you? 

THE  SHERMAN-COOPER  CO. 

1055  Eastern  Ave.  TORONTO 


THOUSAND  ISLAND 

HOUSE 

Alexandria  Bay,  N.Y. 


The  most  popular  and  beautiful 
resort  in  America.  Fishing,  Boat- 
ing, Golf  and  other  diversion 

Send  for  Booklet  to 

0.  G.  STAPLES 

PROPRIETOR 
Alexandria  Bay        -  N.  Y. 


Good  Luck 


Every  angler  should  know  the 
distinct  advantages  that  come 
with  the  use  of  our  preserved 
Shiners,  Minnows,  Crawfish,  etc. 
They  bring  Good  Luck.  A  sin- 
gle test  will  convince  you  of 
their  superior  merit.  They  come 
packed  in  screw-top  glass  jars 
— ■  natural  as  life. 

We  sell  to  Dealers  only. 

Anglers'  Bait  &  Mfg.  Co. 

273-75  South  Water  St.,  Chicago,  111. 


\ 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


29 


|-|f|  AND  UPWARD  COMPLETE 

UV  READY  TO 


GRAY  MOTORS 

Made  In  The  Largest  And  Most 
Up  To  Date  Plant  In  The  World 

DEVOTED  EXCLUSIVELY  TO  THE  MANU- 
FACTURE OF  TWO  CYCLE  MARINE  MOTORS 


'osiMMtvco  Speed  23  1-2  miles  per  hour.  E  juip- 
BAINMAKER— ped  with  a  24  H.  P.  Gray  Motor. 


for  complete  color  catalog  of  GRAY 


about  the  workmanship, 


Write  to-day 
MOTORS— 

— tells  all  about  them — ■ 

— tells  how  they  are  built, 
design,  material— 

— tells  of  the  wonderful  organization  behind  the 
GRAY  MOTORS — why  we  can  build  the  highest  grade 
motor  for  so  low  a  price — 


— shows  handsome  color  print  of  the  GRAYLING,  the 
fastest  cruising  motor  boat  of  its  length  and  beam  in  the 
world. 

— tells  you  more  about  marine  motors  than  any  catalog 
you  ever  saw.  GRAY  MOTORS  are  made  in  1,  2  and  3 
cylinders,  3  to  30  horse-power. 

Our  big  plant  guarantees  immediate  shipment.  Stocks 
of  GRAY  MOTORS  carried  in  Boston,  New  York,  Phila- 
delphia, Baltimore,  Norfolk,  New  Orleans,  St.  Louis, 
Chicago,  Los  Angeles,  San  Francisco  and  Seattle. 


GRAY  MOTOR  CO., 


64  Leib  Street,  Detroit,  Michigan. 


OuBrie  Ms: 


Why  is  it  that  the 

Marine  Motors 

of  the  DuBrie  Motor 
Co.  last  longer  and 
give  better  satisfac- 
tion than  any  other? 


BECAUSE  they  are  of  correct  design;  they  are  manufactured  right:  the  main  bearings  are  hand-scraped 
not  reamed),  so  that  main  bearings  are  always  tight  and  base  compression  reliable;  the  cylinders  and 
pistons  are  slowly  and  carefully  machined  so  that  they  are  round;  rings  are  re-turned  and  fit  when  in  position; 
material  is  used  in  bearings  that  costs  three  and  four  times  that  in  ordinary  use;  connection  rod  is  of  man- 
ganese bronze,  the  strongest  known  construction;  the  crank  pin  bearing  is  oiled  positively  and  automatically 
with  NO  MOVING  PARTS  by  use  of  base  compression;  the  pump  is  of  brass  large  enough  to  cool  in  any  cli- 
mate; the  cylinder  compression  is  high,  tight  and  uniform;  the  carburetor  is  without  exception  the  most  eco- 
nomical, flexible  and  reliable  made;   and  for  other  reasons  explaineu  from  a  mechanical  standpoint  in  catalog. 

The  most  important  recent  addition  to  marine  motor  equipment  is  our  Nageborn  carburetor,  developed 
and  designed  in  our  factory,  the  result  of  years  of  experiment  and  comparison.  You  will  be  content  with  noth- 
ing less  when  you  see  the  working  of  this  wonderful  carburetor. 

Made  in  one,  two  and  three  cylinder,  2%  to  27  H.P.  Two  and  three  cylinder  motors  have  a  carburetor 
for  each  cylinder,  the  only  known  method  of  securing  an  absolutely  correct  charge  at  any  speed.  Their  control 
is  marvelous,  their  economy  of  fuel  the  greatest  known. 

Our  special  equipment  offer  makes  it  easier  and  cheaper  for  you  to  secure  a  marine  motor  than  ever  before. 
Send  for  it  today. 

DuBRIE  MOTOR  CO.,  430  GUOIN  STREET,  DETROIT,  MICH. 


30 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Catalogue 
Tells 


d 


eaaer 


We  want  to 
drop  this  In- 
structive Book  in 
the  Morning's 
Mail  of  all  Pro- 
spective Buyers. 
It  tells— 


by  fine  illustrations 
and  readable,  non-tech- 
nical text,  just  what  there 
is  to  know  about  the  horizon- 
tal opposed  type  in  its  first  and 
finest  example. 


This  specimen 
page  shows  the 
twenty  horse 
power. 

Two  other  pages 
show  it  disman- 
tled. 

Printed  in  two 
colors  through- 
out. 


Why  this  Engine  is  non-vibrating,  and  no  vertical,  even  with  counter-balance 
bobs,  can  be. 

Why  it  is  the  safest  engine  in  any  craft  in  any  weather. 
What  it  saves  in  fuel. 

What  its  upkeep  will  cost,  and  howT  much  of  this  the  manufacturer  guarantees. 
What  it  will  deliver  in  power. 

How  a  20  H.  P.  engine  can  be  installed  in  an  athwartship  locker  18  inches 

high,  28  inches  wide,  22  inches  long. 
And  the  value  of  various  metals  in  engines. 

It  cost  us  $1,000  to  get  up  the  first  copy,  still  it  pays  us  to  get  prospective 
buyers  to  look  at  it.    May  we  send 
yours  today? 

SINTZ-WALLIN  CO.,  Grand  Rapids,  Michigan 

Southern  Office :   340  Carondelet  St.,  New  Orleans,  La. 


When  writing  Advertisers  Tcindly  mention  Eod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


31 


DON'T  FORGKT 

PATON'S 

—FOE—  " 

Paints,  Oils, 
Varnishes, 
Etc.-  

Agents  for 
Sherwin-Williams 
Paints 

18  Adelaide  St..  West 
TORONTO. 


The  Next  Time  Your  Gun 
Requires  Doctoring 

THINK  OF 

ALEX.  JOHNSTON 

494  Eastern  Ave,  TORONTO,  ONT. 

Who  has  every  facility  for  choke  boring, 
restocking,  browing  and  repairing  guns. 
You  can  make  no  mistake  in  bringing  or 
sending  your  gun  to  him. 


Pleasure  Seekers 


Wishing  to  spend  a  month  'midst  the 
Greatest,  Grandest  and  most  Sublime 
Scenery  in  the 

Canadian  Rockies 

Will  consult  their  interests  by  corres- 
ponding with 

ROBT.  E.  CAMPBELL 

BOX  454,  CALGARY,  ALTA. 

The  Oldest  Established  Guide  and  Outfitting 
Business  in  the   CANADIAN  ROCKIES 


The  Clarendon  Hotel 

PORTAGE  AVENUE 

WINNIPEG,  MANITOBA 

Headquarters  for  Commercial  Travellers, 
Sportsmen  and  Tourists.  Good  comfortable 
rooms  and  excellent  cuisine.  Free  Bus  meets 
all  trains. 

AMERICAN  PLAN 


Rates  $2.00  per  day  and  up 

C.  Y.  GREGORY,  -  Proprietor 


AUTO- 
LAUNCH 
FOLDING 
TOPS 


Made  to  fit  any  size  Motor  Boat 
up  to  38  feet  lone.     Side  curtains 
with  celhjloid  lights  are  furnished 
with  top.    Can  be  made  as  snug 
and  watertight  as  any  cabin  boat. 
When  folded  down  it  is  complete- 
ly out  of  the  way;  one  half 
of  the  top  is  folded  to  the 
bow,  the  other  half  to  the 
stern,  and  lays  around  the 
I  combing.    It  is  staunch, 
:<r  1  handsome  and  light,  an 
ornament  to  any  boat. 
'f     No  Motor  Boat  owner 
should  be  without  one. 
Write  for   circular  and 
prices. 


Manufactured  only  by 

The  Conboy  Carriage  CO.,  Queen  Street  E.  and  Don, 


Toronto,  Ontario 


GetRecdGoldMedcd 
Camp  Furniture 


Repairing  camp  furniture  in  camp  is  an  irksome  job.    It  is  unnecessary  if  you  make  sure  of 
getting  Gold  Medal  Camp  Furniture.   Our  camp  beds  are  guaranteed  to  support  over  one  half  ton.  . — — >  0 
A  peculiarly  strong  endorsement  of  the  portability  and  strength  of  Gold  Medal  Camp  Fur-  v—  ■  - 


JM 


niture  is  the  fact  of  its  extensive  use  by  the  U.  S.  Army  and  Navy.  Look  for  our  name  and  trade  mark  on  every 
piece  you  buy.    Every  part  of  each  piece  is  guaranteed  direct  from  us  to  you,  no  matter  where  you  buy  it. 

ag.  Our  complete  catalog  is  free.    We  sell  at  10  cents  each,  "Complete  Campers' 
Manual,"  "Hunters'  Manual"  and  "Fisherman's  and  Angler's  Manual." 
^■(^fe^S^SHMBB^KS^  Send  either  coin  or  stamps.  Write  for  our  catalog  today.  Dealers  wanted  in  every  town. 

GOLD  MEDAL  CAMP  FURNITURE  MFG.  CO. 

214  St.  Paul  Avenue  Racine,  Wisconsin 


32 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Van  Men  Twin  Screw  Motors 

NO  VIBRATION— Perfectly  balanced 
NOISELESS — Runs  like  a  dynamo 
SIMPLE  to  run  and  to  install 
COMPACT— 12  in.  x  14  in.  high 
TWO  REVERSE  CLUTCHES 
TWIN  SCREWS— with  all  their  advantages 
VALVELESS  and  free  from  cams  and  rods 
CLEAN — No  spattering  oil 
FAST 

GUARANTEED 

We  have  issued  a  6o  page  illustrated  Catalogue.  WRITE  FOR  IT. 


35  AND  65  H.  P.,  4  CYLINDERI 

VAN  AUKEN  MOTOR  AND  MACHINE  WORKS 

BRIDGEPORT.  CONN.,  U.  S.  A. 


Wlien  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


\ 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


33 


Wizard  Magneto 

Absolutely  Reliable  and  Durable 
Make  and  Break  or  Jump  Spark  for 

Marine  and  Stationary  Engines 

SPECIAL  MAGNETO  FOR 

FORD  AND  MAXWELL  RUNABOUTS 

Try  a  "WIZARD"  on  your  Engine 

Thousands  in  successful  operation 

HERCULES  ELECTRIC  CO., 
Indianapolis,  Ind. 

Canadian  Agents: 

CANADIAN  FAIRBANKS  CO., 

Montreal       Vancouver       Winnipeg  Toronto 

 OUR  

New  Catalogue 
Is  Now  Ready 

EVERY  SPORTSMAN 
SHOULD  HAVE  ONE 

FREE  FOR    THE  ASKING 

Our  line  of  fishing  tackle  is  most 
complete  and  up-to-date.  Prices  right. 


WARREN  &  ELLIS 

302  Yonge  Street 
TORONTO. 

Headquarters  for  Sportsmen's  Supplies. 


Why  Ghateau  Brand 
Pork  and  Beans  are 
Digestible 

No  home  oven  can  make  baked  beans 
thoroughly  digestible. 

Because  no  home  oven  can  generate  a 
sufficient  amount  of  heat  and  maintain 
it  long  enough. 

Chateau  Brand  Pork  &  Beans  are  slow- 
ly baked  in  small  quantities  at  a  time  at 
an  even  heat  from  start  to  finish. 

By  this  process  the  beans  are  neither 
burnt  nor  broken,  but  every  particle  of 
the  beans  is  mealy  and  perfectly  cooked. 

It's  this  thorough  baking  process  that 
prevents  Chateau  Brand  Beans  from  fer- 
menting when  eaten,  and  makes  them 
perfectly  digestible. 

A  substantial  piece  of  choice  pork  is 
found  in  every  can  of  Chateau  Brand 
Baked  Beans. 

Chateau  Brand  jiaked  Beans  are  pre- 
pared either  plain  or  with  tomato  sauce 
and  sold  in  three  sizes,  at  10,  15  and 
20  cents  a  tin. 

WM.  CLARK,  Mfr.,  Montreal 


34 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


When  writing  Advertisers  Tcindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


35 


MR.  FISHERMAN 

save  that  big  one,  and  send  his  skin  to  us;  we  will 
make  it  into  a  beautiful  trophy  of  the  trip. 

Price  to  suit  all,  $2.00  to  $10  00. 

They  are  handsome  and  appropriate.  Fish  may 
be  sent  us  either  entire  in  the  flesh,  or  skinned. 

A  large  stock  of  large  moose  heads  for  sale, 
mounted  and  unmounted.  Send  for  prices  and 
photos. 

FOR  SALE— The  only  sporting  map  of  New 
Brunswick.    Price  $1.50  prepaid. 

EMACK  BROS. 


Taxidermists 


Fredericton,  N.B. 


Wellington" 

PHOTO  SPEOIALTIE 


PLATES— PAPERS  — FILMS 

Write  for  our  series  of  booklets. 
You  cannot  afford  to  be  without  these. 


WARD  &  CO.,  ,3sr«as/iR"r' 

IMPORT  AGENTS. 


ew  Place  to  Shoot  and  Fish 


Temagami 

Northern  Ontario,  Canada 

— a  new  territory  now  reached 
by  rail — the  country  of  the  canoe, 
the  camper's  paradise.- 

Fish  for  black  bass,  speckled 
trout  and  lake  trout — the  gamiest 
fish  that  swim.  Shoot  moose, 
deer,  bear,  partridge  and  other 
game  during  the  hunting  season. 

Bring  your  camera — the  scen- 
ery is  wild  and  magnificent. 

In  this  pure,  pine-perfumed 
air,  hay  fever  is  unknown. 

A  booklet  telling  you  all  about  it,  hand" 
somely  illustrated,  sent  on  application  to 
J.  D.  McDONALD,  Union  Station, 

Toronto,  Ont. 
J.  QUINLAN.Bonaventure  Station, 
Montreal.  Que. 
G.  T.  BELL,  G.  P.  &  T.  A. 

Montreal 
,  W.  E.  DAVIS,  P.  T.  M. 
Montreal 


I 

(I 

if  

—  - — — 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


36 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Nine-foot  Salmon  Leap. 


Fishing  and  Hunting 

NEW  BRUNSWICK  rivers  and  lakes  furnish  the  best  trout  and  salmon 
fishing  on  the  continent. 

More  Moose  and  larger  Moose  are  shot  in  the  NEW  BRUNSWICK 
woods  than  in  any  other  section  of  Canada.  Deer,  Caribou  and  Bear  are 
abundant. 

Before  planning  your  trout  and  salmon  fishing  trip,  your  summer  vaca- 
tion, your  fall  moose  or  caribou  hunt,  write  us.  We  can  give  you  the  exact 
information  you  want,  tell  you  of  the  best  localities,  the  best  guides,  and  if 
you  wish,  can  make  all  the  arrangements  for  your  outing. 

THE  TOURIST  ASSOCIATION 

SAINT  JOHN,  NEW  BRUNSWICK,  CANADA 


When  writing  Advertisers  Tcindly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


37 


THERE'S  MUCH 
BEHIND  ™E 

NAME  ff 

DUNLOP 

AUTOMOBILE 

TIRES 


and  everything  in  the  line  of 
prizes  at  prices  that  cannot  help 
but  interest  the  careful  buyer. 
We  lead  in  this  branch,  as  we 
are  specialists. 

J.  D.  Bailey,  Ltd. 

Jewelen,  Yonge  Street  Arcade,  TORONTO,  ONT. 


Refined  Motors 


1I3H.P. 

Single  Cylinder  for 
Canoes,  Skiffs  and 
Light  Launches. 

Weight  60  lbs. 
Price  complete 


$75 


00 


6H.P. 

Double  Cylinder  for 
Speed  Launches, 
Yawls  and  Pleasure 
Crafts. 

Weight  110  lbs. 
Price  complete 

$165  M 


Write  for  1909  Catalogue. 


F.  O.  B.  TORONTO. 


CANADIAN  SUPPLY  CO. 

Office  :    18  Victoria  Street,  TORONTO. 


38 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


"We  arc  well  pleased  with  the 

Automatic 


and  think  we  have  the  best  gasoline  motor  on  the  market." 

This  is  the  verdict  of  one  satisfied  customer. 

Another  writes :  "We  have  had  your  AUTOMATIC  in  operation  for  two  seasons 
and  it  has  given  us  absolute  satisfaction.  We  have  never  had  to  shut  down  for  one 
minute  for  repairs  or  for  any  cause  whatever." 

"We  have  never  had  any  trouble,"  writes  a  third. 

If  you  wish  to  be  in  this  happy  position — the  possessor  of  a  fine  and  effective  marine 
engine,  always  ready  to  work  and  never  giving  you  any  trouble,  try  the 

Automatic 


Remember  how  the  schooner  "Sophie  Johnson,"  equipped  with  an  AUTOMATIC, 
made  a  trip  across  the  Arctic  Circle  from  Seattle,  Wash.,  to  Siberia  and  return.  Six 
weeks  afterwards,  without  any  repairs,  she  started  on  another  to  Alaska.  This  is  an 
unequalled  record. 

THE  AUTOMATIC  MACHINE  COMPANY  have  always  on  hand  several  second 
hand  engines  in  good  order  for  sale  at  very  reasonable  prices. 

Launches  and  heavy  duty  marine  gasoline  engines  from  one  to  six  cylinders,  rang- 
ing from  6  to  150  horse  power.  » 

The  prices  on  launch  sizes  from  6  to  36  H.P.  have  been  reduced.  The  list  prices  are  ; 
6  H.P.,  $240.00;  12  H.P.,  $480.00;  18  H.P.,  $720.00;  24  H.P.,  $960.00. 

Write  for  discount  and  catalogue  to 

The  Automatic  Machine  <2o. 

BRIDGEPORT,  CONN. 

F.  H.  Elliott,  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  Canadian  Sales  Manager  for  the  Automatic  Machine  Co. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


39 


TRADEMARK 

We  are  the  Original  and  Only  Manufacturer*  of 

Trolls  in  Near-Gold  Metal 


The  A.  B.  Pat.  Spear  Head  Darter,  Double 
Spinner  Bass  Bait,  Trout  Spinner  and 
Pearl  Wobblers  are  OUR  OWN  DESIGN, 
TESTED  AND  PERFECTED  BEFORE 
PUTTING  ON  THE  MARKET. 
Small  die  work,  polishing,  plating,  etc. , 
done  to  order.  Ask  your  dealer  for  Fish- 
Hawk  brand  and  take  no  other.  Every 
troll  put  out  under  our  guarantee, 
r  Dealers,  DO  YOU  SELL  OUR  NEAR- 
_  GOLD  TROLLS?  IF  NOT,  WHY  NOT? 
Catalogue  on  application. 

Hartung  Bros.  &  Co. 

49-51-53  Waverly  St..  JERSEY  CITY,  N.  J. 


WORK  LIKE  BEAVERS. 

6  cylinder  vertical  4  3-8  x  43-4. 
4  cylinder  vertical  43-8x4  3-4  and  4  3-4  x  5  1-4. 
2  cylinder  horizontal  opposed 
4  3-8x4  and  434x4  and  51-8x4  1-2. 
4  cylinder  horizontal  opposed  51-8x4  1-2. 
The  4  cylinder  horizonal  opposed  motor  is  designed 
specially  for  commercial  trucks.    Centre  Crank  Oiling 
Device  or  Constant  L,evel  SpHsh  System.    All  motors 
4  cycle.    Write  for  Free  Booklet. 


Beaver  Mfg.  Co, 


785  Chase  Street 
Milwaukee,  Wis. 


The  CLUB 

are  the  original  bottled  Cocktails. 
Years  of  experience  have  made 
them  THE  PERFECT  COCKTAILS 
that  they  are.  Do  not  be  lured 
into  buying  some  imitation.  The 
ORIGINAL  of  anything  is  good 
enough.  When  others  are  offered 
it  is  for  the  purpose  of  larger  prof  - 
i  its.  Insist  upon  having  the  CLUB 
COCKTAILS,  and  take  no  other. 

G.  F.  HEUBLEIN  &  BRO.,  Sole  Proprietors 
29  Broadway,  New  York,  N.  Y. 
Hartford,  Conn.  London 


THE  EMPIRE 

A  CANADIAN  MADE  TYPEWRITER 


Perfection 


111  its 
Simplicity 


PRICE  $60  ONLY 

Manifolding  Qualities  Unexcelled 
WAITING  ALWAYS  IN  SIGHT 

If  you  require  a  Typewriter  you  can  find  none  that 
ill  suit  you  better  than  the  "Empire." 


THE  WILLIAMS  MFG.  CO 


MONTR  EAL 


When  writing  Advertisers  Tcindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


40 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


pilifi 
-  -.  - 

Mill 


KNOWN  THE 


WORLD  OVER 


This  Trademark  is  Protected 
By  Over  a  Hundred  Registrations 

In  practically  every  country  that  has  a  patent  law  —  in  every  principality, 
province  and  colony  that  protects  the  inventor  and  puts  a  premium  on 
brains  —  you  will  find  the  "Gillette"  Trademark  registered. 

This  trademark  goes  on  Gillette  Blades  —  on  Gillette  Boxes  —  on  Gillette 
Wrappers  —  as  the  distinguishing  sign  of  the  Gillette  Safety  Razor  out- 
fit. 

We  protect  you  before  you  buy  the  "GILLETTE"  by  having  originated 
a  unique  trademark  for  you  to  remember. 

We  protect  you  after  you  buy  the  "GILLETTE"  by  having  originated 
the  most  unique  and  the  most  satisfactory  shaving  appliance  that  the 
world  has  ever  seen. 


Ask  your  Jeweler — your  Druggist — your  Hardware  man — the  clerk  in  your 
favorite  Departmental  Store — to  show  you  the  "Gillette"  and  explain  its  ex- 
clusive features. 


THE  GILLETTE  SAFETY  RAZOR  COMPANY  OF  CANADA  LIMITED 

Office  and  Factory:       -  63  ST.  ALEXANDER  ST.,  MONTREAL 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Eod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


41 


►j»  *j»  -^•"•j*'  *♦**♦*  *♦*  *♦*  *J*  *♦*  *♦*  *♦*      ***  *J*  *5*  *♦*  *♦*  *I*  *J*  *♦*  *♦"*■  ***  *ia,Jl 


**>»>*>»>■»>*: 


♦  ♦  ♦  *  *  ♦  ♦  >  ♦  v  ♦ 


V  4    ♦    ♦  ♦ 


cav 


Ignition  Outfits 


* 


are 
sold 

«  High  Tension  Magneto,  4-cylinder.  Price  $75 

THE 

Franco-American 

4       ■        Z^1^    Sole  Agents  for 
AlltO  l^O.  CANADA 

748  St.  Catherine  Street  W. 

MONTREAL,  QUE. 

Send  for  Catalogue  B 


DEAN'S 


Close  Ribbed  and 
Metal  Joint  Construction 


A  thin  strip  of  hard  brass,  full  length  of  the  canoe  or  boat,  shaped  like  figure  1  in 
the  cut,  the  two  turned  pressed  into  the  wood  at  each  side  of  the  joint.  This  is  held  into 
place  by  the  ribs,  which  are  only  2£  inches  apart.  There  are  no  cross  battens  to  obstruct 
the  cleaning  as  there  are  in  other  canoes  and  lapstreak  boats. 

In  an  ordinary  lapstreak  boat 
there  are  about  240  holes  under  the 
ribs,  which  makes  a  lot  of  trouble 


WHY 

Deans  Metal-  (Joint  h 


to  clean,  and  when  the  water  is 
emptied  out  the  dirt  catches  under 
the  ribs  or  against  the  cross  bat- 
tens. No  trouble  like  this  with 
Dean's  Metal  Joint  System. 

Then  they  have  twice  to  three 
times  the  number  of  ribs  than  other 
makes,  which  strengthens  them  be- 
yond comparison. 

Carefully  Examine  the  Cut 
Send  for  1909  Catalog— It's  a  Real  Treat 


Walter  Dean 

1751  Queen  Street  W.,  TORONTO 


are  supon/or  to 


^ect  of/?oc/  or  Snag  , 
on  Lapstheal  —  impossible 
■fl  Metal  Joint  System 


4  2 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


BY  APPOINTMENT 

QREAT 
VICTORY 

OP 


HARDY  RODS. 


Cane  Built  and  Steel  Centre  Rods  Won  ELEVEN 
out  of  the  Twelve  Fly  Casting  Events  at  the 
Great  International  Fly  Casting  Tournament, 
Franco- tritish  Exhibition,  leaving  ONE  for  all 
other  English  and  American  Makers. 

•WThe  English  Field  Says:  "It  is  to  Messrs 
Hardy  of  Alnwick  we  owe  our  supremacy  as  rod 
ankers. 

Hardy  Bros.  International  Tourna- 
ment, Crystal  Palace,  won  1 6  cham- 
pionships. 

Forty-one  Gold  and  other  awards. 

^Catalog,  with  flies  ;in  colors,  sent  free  to 
any  address. 

HARDY  BROS.,  Ltd. 

ALNWICK,  ENGLAND 

LONDON  DEPOT :    61  PALL  MALL  S.  W 


Launches 


From  18  feet  to  30  feet  in  Stock 

Speed  Launches,  Cabin  Cruisers  and 
||  Sailing  Yachts  built  to  order. 

Our  1 8  foot  Campers'  Launch  al  £275 
is  best  value  in  Canada. 


22  ft.  x  4  ft.  6  in.   Speed  13  miles 


SEND   FOR  ILLUSTRATED  CATALOG  A. 


M.  L.  Butler,  Motor  Boats  and  Yachts 

BRIGHTON,    O  N  T. 


Korona  Cameras  Free ! 


You  may  secure  one  lor  15  subscriptions  to 
Rod  and  Gun  and  Motor  Sports  in  Canada 


Write  for  particulars  to-day.    W.  J.  TAYLOR,  Publisher,  Woodstock;  Ont. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


43 


Palmers  Moosehead Brand 

Waterproof 

Sporting 
Boots 


WATERPROOF 
NO  NAILS 
ALL  SEWED  BY  HAND 

Made  with  or  without  sole 
and  heel.  Sole  is  of  flexible 
oil  tan  leather,  sewed  on  by 
hand,  having  no  nails  to 
hurt  the  feet. 

ORDER  NOW  and  have 
your  boots  ready  for  any 
Catalogue  show- 
ing different 
styles  and  con- 
taining self  mea- 
sure m  e  n  t  i  n  - 
structions  for- 
warded on  appli- 
cation to 


JOHN  PALMER  CO.,  Limited 

Fredericton,  N.  B.,  Canada. 

MANUFACTURERS  OF  OIL  TAN  FOOTWEAR 


TO  K  M.  THS  KI„G     **  r£jp 


Bat.  1826 

piece 
Bjectors 


THE  ART  OF  SHOOTING"  Seventh  and  Revised 
Popular  Edition,  2/6;  Postage  6d  extra. 

n,I*UST RATED  PRICE  LJST  FREE 

II,  PANTON  STREET,  HAYMARKET,  LONDON,  S.  W. 

(Opposite  The  Comedy  Theatre. 


GREAT  BARGAIN! 

SPECIAL  30  DAY  OFFER. 

'  Little  Giant"  Automatic 

»  ;  H  ,  M  Water  Saver  $2.50 
"Ideal"  Carriage  Washer  $2.50 
"Ideal"  Overhead  Wash-Fount  $10 
"Ideal"  Automatic  Water  Saver  $2 

Canadian  Patent 
for  sale.  Agents 
wanted.  Ask  for 
catalog  No.  7. 

Prepaid  if  cash 
accompanies  the  order. 

'deal  Carriage  Washer  Co.,  ROCHESTER.  N  Y. 
//«»»«'■■..•■-  -  - ^ 


Look  at  This ! 


Here's  a  new  porcelain 
plug  ;  nu  matter  how  hot 
it  gets,  it  won't  break 
when  water  strikes  it. 
Heat  or  rough  handling 
won't  break  it.  It's 
something  new  and  is  all 
right.  We  guarantee  it 
in  every  way,  it's  way 
ahead  of  anything  yet 
brought  out.  It  won't 
soot  up,  comes  apart 
easy.  Try  one. 
IS,  or  %  inch:  $1  each  postpaid. 

If  it  don't  suit,  send  back 
your  plug  and  get  your  money 

E.  Q.  WILLIAMS 

533  South  Clinton  St., 
SYRACUSE,    N.  Y. 


Metric 


Every  Owner  of  a  Two  Cycle  or 
Four  Cycle  Engines  Should  Have  a 

Brown  Compressometer 

to  ascertain  the  condition  of  your 
motor  and  find  out  if  compression  in 
all  cylinders  is  correct  and  uniform. 
In  exchange  for  EIGHTEEN  NEW 
SUBSCRIPTIONS  we  will  send 
one  of  these  useful  contrivances, 
manufactured  by  the  Brown  Com- 
pany, 521  East  Water  Street,  Syra- 
cuse, N.  Y. 


$42.50 


Bore  in. 
Stroke  4  in. 


The  '  'Dunn"  Marine  Motor 

Four-Cycle  Re- 
versible, Outfit 
Complete 

Engine  Only,  $33.00 

This  1%  actual  h.  p.  Four-Cycle 
Motor  with  best  coil,  batteries, 
shaft,  screw,  and  muffler,  test- 
ed ready  to  install  in  skiff 
or  launch.  Weight  of  motor 
80  pounds.  I  also  build  two 
and  three  cylinder  and  sta- 
tionary motors.  Pulley  furn- 
ished where  motor  is  to  be  used 
for  stationary  work. 

Walter  E.  Dunn 

Ogdensburgr,  N.Y. 


44 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


fy 


il 


"Ml 


7  fj 
till 


r 


i  ! 


i 


1 1 


!i 


^Great 
Shipments 


ii 


are  made  weekly  of  our  Suits  and  Overcoats,  made 
in  London,  England,  to  our  customers'  special 
measurements.  Our  message  to  you  who  reside 
over-seas  is  this: — 


"  It  is  worth  your  consideration 


ni>i 


— the  perfection  of  fit,  style  and  finish  at  the  minimum 
of  cost.  For  years'  past  we  have  made  tailoring  our 
special  study,  until  to-day  it  is  no  exaggeration  to  say 
that  our  House  boasts  the  finest  equipment  and  organ- 
isation in  the  Tailoring  World.  We  have  specialised 
in  the  art  of  fitting  clients  residing  over-seas,  and,  more- 
over, not  only  in  fitting,  but  also  in  producing  the  real 
American  fashions.  There  is  no  need  to  pay  exorbitant  prices  for 
your  tailoring  requirements.  The  merit  of  our  tailoring  is  backed  by  our 
unreserved  guarantee  to  refund  every  cent  of  our  clients'  money  where  we  fail  to 
give  absolute  satisfaction.  No  other  Tailoring  House  on  either  side  of  the  Atlantic  dare  offer 
such  an  unqualified  guarantee.  Whether  you  desire  your  clothes  tailored  in  latest  New  York 
style  or  latest  London  fashions,  we  guarantee  absolute  satisfaction..  The  process  is  simple. 
Merely  fill  in  a  postcard,  and  address  same  to  us  as  below,  asking  for  our  selection  of  materials. 
By  return  you  will  receive  our  latest  assortment  of  patterns,  together  with  latest  fashion- 
plates,  instructions  for  accurate  self -measurement,  tape  measure,  all  free  and  carriage  paid. 
We  dispatch  your  order  within  seven  d^ys  from  receipt,  and  if  you  do  not  approve,  return  the 
goods,  and  we  will  refund  your  money. 

WITHIN  SEVEN  DAYS 

SUITS  and  OVERCOATS  to  measure  from 
5.14  to  $20. 

The  World's 
Measure  Tailors, 

(Dept.  D  94),  60/62  CITY  ROAD,  LONDON,  ENGLAND. 

Addresses  for  Patterns  i 
For  Toronto  and  East  Canada  i 
OURZON  BROS..  O/O  MIGHT  DIRECTORIES.  LTD.  (Dept  D<H'.  74/76  Church  Street,  TORONTO.  ONTARIO* 

For  Winnipeg  and  the  West: 
OURZON  BROS.,  o/o  HENDERSON  BROS.  <Dept  D  94.  >.  279  Garry  8 1 root.  WINNIPEG. 
Please  mention  this  Paper. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


45 


THE  QUEEN'S  ROYAL  £srr£± 

DELIGHTFULLY  situated  in  a  private  park  on  th  e  shore  of  Lake  Ontario,  at  the  mouth  of  the  Niagara  River. 
Thirty  miles  from  Buffalo.  Unequalled  facilitiesfor  enjoyment  of  tennis,  golf  and  lawn  bowling.  Fine  roads, 
bathing,  boating  and  black  bass  fishing.  Casino  and  New  Country  Club.  Cuisine  and  service  unexcelled  in  Can- 
ada.   Booklet  and  terms  on  application. 

WINNET  G-  THOMPSON,  Props. 

Queen's  Hotel,  Toronto,  Ont. 


After  June  18th  Queen's  Royal  Hotel, 
Niagara-on-the-Lake,  Canada. 


After  14  Days  of  This  System.    A?e  18, 


Canada's  Leading  Physical 
Culture  System 

"Dorchester's" 


Pupil  writes:  "Your  system  is  the  surest 
and  quickest  extant."  Another  says:  "I  am 
surprised  at  the  quick  results. ' '  Whilst  others 
say:  "A  benefit  to  humanity." 

Write  for  Curative  Course,  $10.00,  if  you 
have  chronic  complaints  or  weaknesses.  Send 
particulars. 

Write  for  Development  Course,  $5.00,  if  you 
wish  splendid  muscles  with  grkat  strength. 
Give  height,  weight,  measurements  and  par- 
ticulars. 


F.  E.  DORCHESTER 

Physical  Culture  Expert,  Regina 


46 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


WHEN  IN  DETROIT  STOP  AT 

THE  TULLER 

Absolutely  Fireproof 
Cor.  Adam*  Avenue  and   Park  Street 


In  the  centre  of  the  Theatre,  Shopping  and  Business 
District.      A  la  Carte  Cafe.      Grille  Room,  Service 
Unexcelled.    Every  Room  With  Bath.    European  Plan. 
Rates  $1.50  per  day  and  up. 

M.  A.  SHAW,  MANAGER 


For  work  or  play,  for  prospector  or  pleasure 
seeker,  our  Canoes  are  unsurpassed. 


SEND  FOR  CATALOGUE 


The  William  English  Canoe  Co 

PETERBOROUGH,  ONT. 


Catch  'em  and  Hold  'em. 
U    THE  NEWHOUSE  TRAP 

is  absolutely  reliable.  Never 
fails  to  hold  the  game.  Positive 
in  action,  easy  to  set,  wiD  noi 
get  out  of  order. 

Made  In  all  sizes  to  catch  any- 
thing from  a  rat  to  a  bear. 

Send  tor  Catalogue 

ONEIDA  COMMUNITY,  Ltd. 

Niagara  Palls,  Ontario 


QU 


EEN'S  HOTEL 

TORONTO. 

One  of  the  largest  and  most  comfortable  hotels  in 
the  Dominion  of  Canada,  and,  being  adjacent  to  the 
Lake,  commands  a  splendid  view  bf  Toronto  Bay  and 
Lake  Ontario.  It  is  well  known  as  one  of  the  coolest 
houses  in  summer  in  Canada,  and  is  elegantly  furnished 
throughout.  Rooms  en-suite,  with  bath  rooms  at- 
tached. The  Queen's  is  furnished  with  all  the  latest 
modern  improvements. 

Long  distance  telephone  in  every  room. 

McGaw  &  Winnett 

Proprietors. 


MR.  HUNTER  OR  FISHERMAN 


DON'T  YOU  KNOW  that  WE  MAKE  the  BEST  BOAT  on 
earth  for  you.  They  are  NOISELESS  in  the  WEEDS,  PRO- 
PEL EASIEST,  are  SAFEST  and  most  DURABLE.  Will 
OUTLAST  steel  or  wood  boats,  and  carry  more  load.  GAL- 
VANIZED and  TEMPERED  STEEL  FRAME,  BEST  CANVAS 
BODY.  Set  up  in  ten  minutes.  Folds  compactly.  Checks 
as  baggage.  Your  dealer,  has  it,  or  write  us  for  Catalogue  A. 
Life  Saving  Folding  Canvas  Boat  Co.,  Kilamazoo,  Mich. 


When  writing  Advertisers  Tcindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


4T 


For 
Hunter 

or 

Fisherman, 


Mosquitoes  or  Black 
Flies  often  choose  the 
wrong  moment  for  their 
attacks.    They  won't  choose* 
the  wrong  people  though,  and 
the  wrong  people  for  them  are 
those  who  use 

CALVERT'S 

20%  Carbolic  Soap, 

Because  both  these  and  other  insects 
avoid  the  presence  of  Carbolic. 


30  cts.  a  tablet,  at  your  Druggists,  or  by  mail  from 
F.  C.  Calvert  &  Co.,  349  Dorchester-St.  West,  Montreal. 
Write  for  booklet  (free)  describing  this  and 
other  specialities. 


Steel  Fishing  Rods 

Take  a  "BRISTOL"  Rod  on  your  vacation.  N< 
matter  how  many  other  fishing  rods  you  have 
take  a  "BRISTOL."  An  argument  for  a  "BRIS- 
TOL '  Rod  is  the  rod  itself.  20  years  of  proven 
satisfaction  has  given  them  a  deserved  reputa- 
tion of  superiority  in  appearance,  durability, 
beauty  and  all  desirable  qualities. 

.buy  "BRISTOL"  Rods  of  your  home  dealer. 
But  if  he  tries  to  sell  a  substitute,  then 
please -write  us.  We  will  see  that  you 
get  one  without  inconvenience  or  extra  ex- 
pense. Every  "BRISTOL"  Rod  is  guar- 
anteed for  three  years. 

Handy  Fish  Hook  Disgorger  with  the 

'BRISTOL"  catalogue  mailed  on  request. 
THE  HORTON  MFG.  CO. 

32  Horton  St.  Bristol,  Conn. 


John  Leckie,  Limited 


(NEW  ADDRESS) 


77  Wellington  St.  W.,  Toronto 


Headquarters  for  Camping  Outfits 

Tents  Flags  Sails 

Oiled  Clothing    Cordage  Life  Preservers 

Cotton  Duck       Compasses      Ship's  Lights 
Yacht  and  Boat  Fittings 
Brass  Launch  Fittings 


48 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


THE 

Sintz  2  Cylinder  Opposed  Motor 

A  long  step  in  advance  of  any  other  motor  on  the  market 
The  perfect  power  for  all  marine  work 


Why? 

BECAUSE  Its  low  centre  of 
weight  increases  the 
stability  of  your  boat, 
making  it  perfectly  safe 
in  all  kinds  of  weather. 


BECAUSE  Its  compactness  enables  you  to  place  motor  under  locker,  which 
can  be  cushioned  for  a  seat,  giving  you  the  greatest  amount  of  seating 
capacity  and  cleanest  construction. 

BECAUSE  It  is  the  most  economical  motor  built.  If  run  10  hours  per  day 
for  one  year,  the  saving  in  fuel  consumption,  in  comparison  with  many 
other  motors,  will  exceed  the  original  cost  of  motor. 

BECAUSE    It. is  perfectly  balanced  with  no  vibration. 

BECAUSE  All  parts  are  interchangeable,  enabling  you  to  get  repairs  at  any 
time  that  will  fit  without  taking  them  to  machine  shop  to  rebuild. 

BECAUSE    It  develops  the  full  brake  horse-power. 

BECAUSE    It  is  guaranteed  against  defects  for  2  years. 

BECAUSE    We  allow  you  a  trial*  in  your  boat  before  paying  for  it. 

Fair  isn't  it?    Let  us  figure  with  you.    Built  in  sizes  of  6  to  40  H.P. 

GUY  L.  SINTZ  CO.,  Desk  R,  Marshall,  Mich. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


49 


MOTOR  BOAT  PERFECTION 


SAFETY,  SPEED,  SPLENDOR 
at  moderate  Cost. 


Catalogue  mailed  on  request. 

THE  SCHULTZ  BROS.  CO.,  Limited,  Dept.  H.,  BRANTFORD,  ONTARIO. 


GASOLINE  MOTORS! 


2    H.  P.  Single  Cylinder   $45  .00 

3^  H.  P.  Double  Cylinder    85 . 00 

4    H.P.     "  "    95.00 

6    H.P.     "  "   110.00 

8-10  H.P.     "  "   175.00 

12-15  H.P.     "  "   235.00 

Complete  F.  0.  B.  Ottawa.  Sold  under  a  strong  guar- 
antee. Write  for  Catalog  of  Motors  and  of  our  $100 
Motor  Canoes. 


THE  CAPITAL    BOAT    WORKS,  OTTAWA 


2sDetroitEncine29 


REVER  5E  GEARS 


OTHER   SIZES  AT  PROPORTIONATE  PRICES   IN   STOCK   READY  TO  SHIP  | 


MARIN  EJiENGINES 


Engine 
run 


Reverse  gears  from  1 J  h. 
p.  up  to  120  h.  p.  Suited  (or 
Work  boots  and  speed  boats.^  All 
moving  parts  enclosed  in  oil 
tight  case.  All  gears  are  spur 
s  hardened  and  cut.    All  gear. 


reliable.  Spe 


Allgea 


pr 


Start  Without  Cranking,  reverse 
qually  well  in  either  direction 
Only  3  mo\in£  parts,  no  complications,  no 
troubles,  automatic  fuel  injector,  burns  ga 
olene,  kerosene,  coal  oil,  alchohol,  dis- 
tillate, naphtha,  etc.,  without  any  change 
in  equipment.    Compensates  perfectly 
at  all  speeds.    Fuel  consumption 
"   of  a  pint  of  gasoline  per  horse 
power  per  hour.    No  noise,  no  vi- 
bration. Marine 
with  water-jacket- 
sprayed  expansion 
which  cools  and 


engines  counter!  >alan 

REVERSIBLE 
I  MARINE  EN/GINES 


7-6  h. 


2h.p.,2':-h.p..3h 
10  h.p.,  12-14  h.p, 
izes  in  stock  ready  for 


,.3;:-4  h.  p..  5-6 

8-20  h  p..  doubf 

hipment.  Full 

Launches,  Stern  Wheel^^Boats  and  Railroad 
All  Engines  and  Gears  Guaranteed  For  One  Year 


cj  Under;  50  h, 
nation  about  < 
Track  Cars. 

DETROIT  ENGINES  START  WITHOUT  CRANKING 


STATIONARY  ENGINES 


OVER  20,000  DETROIT  ENGINES 
ARE  GIVING  THE  BEST  OF 
SERVICE.  Write  for  Testimonials. 

Detroit  Marine  Engines  won  more  Tropfiy 
Cups  on  the  Great  Lakes  last  .summer  than 
older  makes  combined.     Detroit  Engines 
this  summer.  Place 
Detroit  Marine  Engine  in  your 
boat  and  have  absolute  satis- 
faction   (every    Detroit  Marine 
Engine  has  a  water  proof  ignition 
system,    suited    for   fresh  or 
alt  water).    All  bear- 
ings of  plastic  white 
bronze  (no  cheap  bab- 
ul "used).    All  bear- 
ing surfaces  ground 
to  a  mirror  finish, 
'iston  pin  of  hard  steel 
land    turning    in  hard 
Jibronze  bushing.  Crank 
f  shaft  drop  forged 
steel.    All  parts  inter- 
.  hang<  able  and  fitted  tc 

2000  of  an  inch.    Connecting  rod  of  selected  steel  (I-beam  sec 
f  tion)  and  adjustable  for  wear.    Centrifugal  ring  oiler  on-cranl 
pin.    PLton  and  cylinder  oiled  by  separate  lubricator.    Marine  engine 
fitted  w  ith  flat  bed  flanges  on  sides  of  crank  case  and  instructions  tell  (u 
how  to  place  in  boat  (anyone  can  do  it).  Stationary  engines  mounted  on  -kid; 


REVERSIBLE  GOVERNING 
STATIONARY  ENGINE 

Starts  without  cranking.   Sizes  2  h.  p. 
8  h.  p.,  complete  outfit,  mounted  on  skids 
all  ready  to  run.    Speed  controlling  le 
starts,  reverses  and  stops  motor.  Bu 
gasolene  or  coal  oil  (kerosene). 


i0=tylinder  Engines  in  sizes  from  8 

p.  10  20  h.  p.    Float  Feed  Car- 
burator,  special 
r  wcrkin 
.table  boihhru: 


speedy.!  Absol 
pump,  /perfect 


We  desire  an  Agent  Demonstrator  in  every 
community.  Special  wholesale  price  on  first 
I  outfit  sold.   Write  for  full  information. 

Write  For   Fret>  Catalog,  to 

Dept.  A,     Marine  Engines         Dept.'B,  Stationary  Engines 
DepL  C.    Marine  Reverse         Dept.  F.  Launch  Hardware 
Gears  and  Boat  Fittings 

IDETPOIT  ENGINE  WORKS 

I36l  JEFFERSON  AVENUE 

DETROIT,  MICHIGAN,  U.  S.  A. 


With  a  Detroit  Stationary  Engine  you  can 

save  the  hired  man's  wages.  It  will 
run.  a  pump,  a  lighting  i" 


machir 
crean 


i  washir 


parator,  a  printing  press,  ensilage 
cutter,  a  feed  mill,  a  corn 
iheller.     It  will  light 
your  house  with 


Electricity  and 
burn  less  kerosene  than  a  lamp 


50 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


A  Wonderful  Improvement  in 

Bait  Casting  Rods 

►  Heddon's  Dowagiac  Split  Bamboo  Bait  Casting  Bod  is  • 

a  two-pie^9  rod  which  combines  the  fine  resilient  action  and 
casting  force  of  a  one-piece  rod,  with  the  carrying  convenience 
of  a  three-piece  rod.  Will  outlast  any  other  rod  made.  The 
cork  finger  grip  and  patent  locking  reel  band,  shown  on  the  butt 
joint  above,  are  features  of  exceptional  value. 

Free  Instruction  on  Bait  Casting.—  "Heddon's  Treatise  on  the 
Art  of  Bait  Casting"  sent  free  on  request.  Filled  with  valuable  informa- 
tion on  bait  casting,  beautiful  colored  illustrations, and  a  detailed  descrip- 
tion of  the  Dowagiac  Rod.  Tells  about  the  selected  bamboo,  imported  direct 
from  the  Orient,  used  exclusively  in  this  rod.  Explains  why  we  can  make 
a  superior  r  jality  rod  at  inferior  rod  prices.  Write  today— right  away. 
JAMES  HEDDON  &  SONS 
Dept.  i«?  Dowagiac,  Mich. 

Manufacturers  of  the  famous  DOWAGIAC  MINNOWS 
—nw.  n  -  —sold  all  over  tbe  country,    ■■— i 


Quite  a  few  Canadian  Anglers 
have  ordered  the 

"MANSFIELD"  FLY  BOOK 

and  many  more  would  do  so, 
if  they  knew  what  a  handy, 
compact,  and  practical  book 
it  is.  It  is  more  convenient 
and  serviceable  than  any  book 
on  the  market.  Fits  the  pocket 
better,  size  6x3^x1.  Book  has 
12  pockets,  holding  1  dozen 
Flies  each.  Pocket  for  Readers 
Made  of  Calf  Skin,  sells  for 
$2.50.  Alligator,  $3.50. 
will  be  mailed  on  receipt  of  price. 

Once  used  all  others  go  on 
the  shelf. 

An  experienced  a  gler  says— "The 
book,  to  my  mind,  is  the  most  con- 
venient form  I  have  ever  seen." 

CarlosG.  Young,  Manufacturer 

320  Market  St.,  Sun  Francisco,  Cal. 


GEM   COLLAPSABLE  COOKER 

Enables 
Autoists 
Campers 
Tourists 
Anglers 

Folded  Ready  to  Cairy. 

to  prepare  an  appetizing  hot  meal  out  of  doors.  Compact, 
light,  sti'ong.  Made  of  materials  specially  prepared  to 
withstand  heat  of  open  fire.  Can  be  carried  in  the  coat 
pocket.  Cooking  surface  adjustable  to  length  —  large 
enough  when  fully  expanded  "to  cook,  at  one  time,  a  meal 
for  ten  persons.  Sent  prepaid  in  neat  canvas  carrying 
case  for  $3.00.  Money  back  if  not  satisfactory. 
OUTDOOR  COOKER  CO.,  57  Cutler  Bldg,  Rochester,  N.Y 


For  over  12  years  the  name  "Strelinger" 
has  stood  as  the  best  in  marine  gasoline 
engines.  A  distinct  success.  First  quality 
from  flywheel  to  propeller.  Strong,  sturdy, 
reliable,  speedy,  troubleless. 


The  Engine 
ALWAYS  makes 


that 
good 


because    built  right. 
Famous  for  endurance, 
fuel  economy,  power. 
Pulls  steady, 
ly,  quietly, 
vibra- 
ti  on  . 
From 
4  to 
1  0  0 

H.  P.  Our  Free  Cata- 
log lists  engines  from 
$35,  up  to  $2500.  Write 
for  a  copy. 

Enclose  10c.  stamps  for  nickel- 
plated  pocket  marine  compass. 

STRELINGER  MARINE  ENGINE  CO. 

40  Congress  East,  DETROIT,  MICH. 


Don't  Be  Bald 


Don't  be  prematurely  gray. 
Stop  your  hair  falling.  Use  our 
Hygienic  Vacuum  Cap  at  home 
a  few  minutes  each  day.  It 
forces  circulation  of  blood 
through  the  hair  roots.  It 
means  perfect  health  for  the 
hair.  Price  $16.  Money  back 
after  30  days'  trial  if  not  sat- 
isfied.   Booklet  free. 

Hygienic  Vacuum  Cap  Co. 
80  Cutler  Bldg,  Rochester,  N.Y 


Highest  award  at  St.  Louis  World's  Fair.  Adopted  by  gov- 
ernments of  U.  S.,  Canada  and  England.  15  models  to  select 
from.     Catalogue  Free. 

AC35E  FOLDING  BOAT  CO., 


Miamisburg,  Ohio. 


Pepper's   New  Double 
Hook  Trout  Fly 


ROAMER 


Made  in 


United  States  patent,  April  29,  1908. 
-j  Canadian  patent  pending— Send  4c. 
in  stamps.  Catalogue. 


Assorted 
$1.50  per 
Dozen 


BAIT  Pepper's  New  Trout  Fly  a  Sensational  Hit 

Good  everywhere  it  floats 
Sent  by  Mail  for  75c. 


$1.50  per  Doz 
Assorted 


The 
Greatest 
Bass  Bait 

Ever 
Invented 


Joseph  e  PEPPER- 
ROME;  n:y. 

Mfr.  of  all  kinds  of  Fish!ng  Tackle 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Eod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


51 


PATTERN  AND  PENETRATION 


are  talking  points  of  the  Lefever  shot  gun.     The  Lefever  has  not  only 
the  strongest,  the  simplest  and  safest  action  and  the  best  bolting  system, 
but  it  shoots  the  best.    The  taper  system  of  choke  boring  was  originated  in  the  Lefever 
factory,  and  in  perfecting  later  details  of  gunmaking  it  has  never  been  neglected.  We 
are  not  compelled  to  confine  our  advertising  to  improvements  in  bolting  and  mechan- 
ism —  in  which  the  Lefever  nevertheless  has  always  set  the  pace. 


LEFEVER  SHOT  GUNS 


THE  GUNS  OF 
LASTING  FAME 


During  1908  the  Lefever  gun  won  enough  championships  at  the  traps  to  convince 
the  most  skeptical  that  the  Lefever  is  the  best  gun  to  buy.  Let  us  send  you  our 
catalogue.  It  tells  all  about  the  best  system  of  bolting  and  boring,  things  you  ought 
to  know  before  you  buy  a  gun. 

LEFEVER  ARMS  COMPANY,  20  Maltbie  Street,  Syracuse,  N.Y. 


HAMILTON  MOTOR  WORKS,  Limited,  Hamilton,  Ont 

Marine  and  Stationary 
Gas  &  Gasoline  Engines 


COMPLETE  ENGINES  AND  LAUNCHES 


Send  25c.  for  most 
complete  booklet  on 
engine  troubles.  :  : 


STICKLER  WEEDLESS  PROPELLER 

^llk                                       Patented.    "Through  the  tangle  like  an  eel" 

life                  No  stoPs\  No  weeds  or  grass  thick  enough  to  stop  the  progress.    Will  fit  any 
Wk:         m      boat;  easily  attached.   Absolutely  guaranteed  or  money  refunded.   Specify  one 
Iff         Jf      for  your  boat.    Free  pamphlet. 

'•^f      STICKLER  WEEDLESS  WHEEL  CO..  Inc.              PORTAGE,  WIS.,  Box  6 

Canadian  Fairbanks  Co.,  Ltd.,  Montreal,  Agents. 

DERFUL  "COAXER"  TROUT  FLY! 

j     ALMOST  ALIVE.    NEVER  LOSES  ITS  SHAPE.    FLOATS  ANYWHERE. 

1  "My  guide  said,  'these  trout  don't  take  flies.'    I  got  24  on  the  'Coaxer.' 
1   "Caught  a  15-inch  brook  trout  on  the  'Coaxer' — that's  the  record  here." 
1  "I  get  17  speckled  beauties  before  breakfast  that  averaged  12  inches." 
1  "I  have  caught  over  400  trout  on  one  little  'Coaxer'  fly." 
1  "I  foiind  my  little  boy  catching  croppies  with  it  to  beat  the  band." 
|  Trout  Size,  6  colors,  $1.35;  12,  $2.60.    Bass  Size,  6  colors,  $1.65;  12,  $3.25. 
1  of  Bass  Baits,  etc.,  in  colors.         W.  J.  JAMISON.  1274  POLK  ST.,  CHICAGO 

NEW  JAMISON  TROUT  SPOON 

Cut  shows  size  6. 

Set  of  Four  Colors,  $1.00. 
Made  on  2,  4  and  6  hooks. 

52 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


YOU  OWN  A 

Motor  Boat 


OR  AN 


Automobil 


YOU  SHOULD  HAVE  A  COPY 
OF  THE  MAY  ISSUE  OF 

The  Motor  Magazine  of  Canada 


The  Article  on  the 

A.  B.  C.  of  Magneto  Ignition  Systems  is 
alone  worth  Ten  Years'  Subscription. 


^  £\  ■  Will  bring  a  copy  of  this  issue  to 
JL  \-r  C CS#  y°ur  address  postpaid  or 


$1.00 


Will  pay  for  a  subscription  for  a 
whole "  year. 


Addr«s :        w.  J.  TAYLOR,  Publisher 

stamps  THE  MOTOR  MAGAZINE 

accepted  5  King  Street  West>  TORONTO. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


53 


SUMMER  RESIDENCES 

Otir  Specialty 

The  main  feature  of  our  Portable  Houses, 
Garages,  Boat  Houses,  Etc.,  are  : 

SCIENTIFIC  CONSTRUCTION 
MODERATE  COST,  COMFORT, 
CONVENIENCE,  ARTISTIC  DESIGN. 
ERECTED  IN  A  FEW  HOURS. 

Write  us  your  requiremtmems  and  let  us  furnish  quotations. 

THE  SCHULTZ  BROS.  CO.,  LIMITED,  Dept.  H.,  BRANTFORD,  ONT. 


Coward's  Simple  System  of  Boat  Building 


A  revolution  in  Boat  Frames  and  Boats  in  any  stage  of  construction.  My  25  years*  experience  is  at  your 
disposal.    State  your  requirements  and  the  price  you  want  to  pay.    I'll  meet  you. 


ALF.  COWARD 

Proprietor 


COWARD'S  BOAT  FACTORY,  Kingston,  Ont. 


64 

Styles  of  Boats 

In  Stock  ready  to  ship  at 
OL LOWING  PRI 


21  fe.  Family  Boat,  5-6  h.  p. 
25  fi.  Family  Boat.  5-6  h.  p. 
_   30  ft.  Family  Boat.  12  to  14  h.  p.       -  $600 
18  ft.  Auto  Boat,  2  h.  p.  $185.  '28  ft.  Family  (Special)  12-14  h.  p.  $750.    35  ft.  Family  (Express)  40-50  h.  p.  $1  I 
(20  milet  per  hour)  (20  mile* 

OUR  1909  CATALOGUE  FREE  UPON  REQUEST 


Launch.  2  h.  p..       $  94.50 
unch,  2  h.  p.    .  $129. 
2  h.  p.  .  $147. 

$185.  '  28  ft.  Family  (Sped 


DETROIT  BOAT  COMPAN 


"3°  Jefferson  Ave.  DETROIT.  MICH 


.  js  not  simple 


d  satisf, 


than 
We 


Any  manufacturer  can  build  a  good  boat  if  it  is  properly  designed  but  what  good  is  any  boat  if  the  eng 
"iable  enough-for  you  to  operate  successfully?   <J  Our  reputation  has  been  made 
we  put  m  Detroit  boats,  the  model,  material  and  construction  of  which  are 
best  in  every  point.    The  Detroit  Engine  that  we  furnish  is  being  oper 
actonly  by  at  least  10,000  inexperienced  owners  today.  «I  We  build  more 
any  three  manufacturers.    We  buy  more  material.    Our  cost  is  (J 

11  more  boats  and  ask  a  smaller  profit  per  boat.  We  have  no  r 
stores  to  support  and  will  therefor,  sell  you  a  Detroit  -A 
he  best  that  money  can  buy)  at  the  whole 

manufacturers'  price.     Fully  guaran- 
:d.     Engine  starts  without  crank- 


ing 


Only  3  moving  parts. 
Automatically  lubricated. 
Absolute  speed  con- 
trol. All  pistons 
and  cylinders 
.   ground.  , 


VN-10  <><J  - 


54 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


THE  JULY  NUMBER 

ROD  AND  GUN 

IN  CANADA 

Will  contain  the  following  amongst  other  stories  and  articles: 

BIG  GAME  SHOOTING  IN  THE  YUKON  TERRITORY. 

The  first  portion  of  a  finely-illustrated  story  dealing  with  big-game 
shooting  in  the  Yukon  by  a  veteran  explorer  and  sportsman  —  Mr. 
C.  G.  Cowan. 

A-GOOD  FALL  FOR  HARES. 

Mr.  Reginald  Gourlay  predicts  swarms  of  hares  next  fall,  and  conse- 
quent immunity  of  moose  and  deer  from  the  Indians,  and  splendid 
chances  for  the  big-game  hunter. 

THE  WARY  GAMEY  MASKINONGE. 

Mr.  M.  W.  G.  Purser  writes  entertainingly  of  the  maskinonge  fishing 
on  Rice  Lake,  and  gives  particulars  of  some  famous  captures. 

A  PARADISE  FORANGLERS. 

Miss  Lottie  MacNiven  describes  the  wonderful  effects  of  a  holiday 
in  the  Kawartha  Lakes  district  upon  an  -overworked  and  jaded  busi- 
ness man. 

THE  WONDERS  OF  THE  CANADIAN  ALPS. 

Mr.  B.  S.  Comstock  tells  of  some  of  the  wonders  he  and  his  party 
witnessed  at  Mount  Forbes  and  Glacier  Lake. 

A  VISIT  TO  BOWEN  ISLAND,  B.  C. 

Mr.  P.  E.  Bucke  advocates  the  setting  aside  of  this  island,  of  which 
he  gives  a  description,  as  a  game  preserve,  and  descants  upon  the  ad- 
vantages of  this  course  if  taken  by  the  Provincial  Government. 

CONSERVATION  OF  OUR  NATURAL  RESOURCES. 

Mr.  Thomas  Ritchie,  who  has  taken  a. great  interest  in  this  subject, 
emphasizes  the  material  advantages  of  an  effective  conservation  policy. 

A  SPORTING  TRIP  IN  THE  CANUCK. 

Captain  Scarlett  gives  an  amusing  account  of  a  sporting  trip  in  his 
boat  in  the  neighborhood  of  Vancouver,  and  describes  the  sporting  pos- 
sibilities within  a  few  miles  of  a  large  city. 

A  HOLIDAY  OUTING  AT  A  NEW  BRUNSWICK  FISHING  CLUB. 

A  guest  tells  of  a  pleasant  holiday  passed  at  the  Adogwoasook  Club, 
and  of  the  fish  that  were  caught. 

FISHING  WITH  A  "DEAD  ONE." 

This  is  a  fine  humorous  story  of  fishing  experiences  in  Manitoulin 
Island,  told  by  Dr.  Wycliffe  Marshall,  his  companion  —  for  want  of  a 
better  name  — •  being  known  as  the  "Dead  One." 


When  writing  Advertisers  Mndly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


55 


Select  Stock  of  Fishing  Tackle  and  Campers  Supplies. 


If  You  Appreciate  Close  Prices,  Exclusive  Goods  and  Excellent 
Service,  Pay  Us  a  Visit  or  Write  at  Once. 

Fishing  Tackle 


Three  joint  six  strip 
split  bamboo  rods  with 
celluloid  handles,  on 
wood  form,  each  1.25 

Forty  yard  double 
multiplying  Reels,  N. 
P.,  each   60c 

Pure  silk  25  yard 
Lines  guaranteed  test, 
each    35c 

Trout  Flies,  assorted, 
including  all  the  lead- 
ing kinds,  per  doz.  40c 


Good  size 
straw  Fish 
each  


French 
Baskets, 
....  1.35 


LIVE   BAIT    of  all 

kinds  "carefully  put 
up"  and  supplied  on 
short  notice,  also  Pre- 
served Bait,  such  as 
shiners,  frogs,  craw- 
fish, etc. 


complete  with  poles 
the  regular  way  at 


WALL  TENTS,  10  x  12  x  8 

and  stakes,  which  sells 
$21.00,  while  they  last  at  each   

Other  sizes  at  proportionately  low  prices 


11.00 


Our  Gun  Repair  Department  is  at  Your  Disposal. 

An  expert  mechanic  employed,  and  our  work  is  fully  guaranteed. 


Guns  and 

Ammunition 

12  ga.  double  barrel 
Guns,  choked  and 
guaranteed,  ea  ..6.00 
Greener  Cross  Bolt 
Double  Barrel  Guns, 
12  ga.,  choked  and 
guaranteed,  ea  ..9.95 
Winchester  Rifle,  mod- 
el 1894,  38-55  cal., 
guaranteed  ....  12.00 
English  pattern  Bull 
Dog  Revolvers,  nickle 
plated  or  blued, 

ea  1.75 
A  complete  stock  of 
Spalding  Base  Ball, 
T  e  n  n  is  ,  Lacrosse, 
Golf,  Cricket,  Foot- 
ball and  •  Athletic 
Goods  always  on  hand. 
Also  Canoes,  Paddles, 
Boats,  Oars,  Canoe 
and  Boat  Lamps,  etc., 
etc. 


Manufacturers  of  the 

Famous  Canadian  Black  Bird 
Targets 


A.  FENN  &  CO. 

101  King  St.  W.,  TORONTO. 


Lockwood-Ash  Marine  Motors 

Advertising  helps,  but  ALONE 
it  will  not  build  a  PERMA- 
NENT business.  It  is  neces- 
sary to  DELIVER  goods  that 
will  back  up  the  claims  made 
in  the  copy.  It  is  IMPOSSI- 
BLE to  bamboozle  the  buying 
public  ALL  THE  TIME.  The 
MAIN  things,  the  one  that  COUNTS,  is  the  REPEAT  orders.  They 
are  the  reward  of  ABILITY  and  HONEST  endeavor  to  please. 

We  present  to  you  the  LOCKWOOD-ASH  MOTOR  as  the  result 
of  a  constant  hammering  along  the  line  of  reliability,  durability  and 
pleasing  appearance. 

We   offer   you   SATISFACTION  and 
PLEASURE  in  several  models  and  will 

be  pleased  to  give  you  detailed  information  and  catalog  on 
request. 


L0CKW00D-ASH  MOTOR  CO 

JACKSON,  MICHIGAN 


56 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


For  Sale,  Want,  and 
Exchange  Depts. 

Advertisements  will  be  in- 
serted in  this  Department  at 
2c.  a  word.    Send  Stamps  with 
order.    Copy  should  not  be  later 
than  the  15th  of  the  month 

FOR  SALE — Pure  bred  Chesapeake  Retrievers,  dog  and 
bitch,  registered  in  both  the  United  States  and  Canada.  Ap- 
ply H.  Knight,  Dry  Lake  P.  O.,  Pincher  Creek,  Alta.  2t 


FOR  SALE— Irish  Water  Spaniel  Puppies,  and  a  bitch, 
one  year  old,  at  reasonable  prices;  champion  blood  on  both 
sides;  pedigree  the  best.     N.  C.  Christie,  Amherst. 


FOR  SALE — A  property  beautifully  situated  on  the  banks 
of  Jordan  River,  cheap.  Good  salmon  and  trout  fishing. 
Best  location  in  Nova  Scotia  for  sporting  house;  one-half 
hour  will  place  you  in  the  best  moose  hunting  grounds  in 
the  Province:  plenty  of  game.  One  mile  from  railroad  sta- 
tion. Good  boating  and  harbor  fishing.  For  particulars, 
etc.,  apply  to  A.  C.  Hardy,  Jordan  Falls,  N.  S. 


FOR  SALE — Springfield  rifle,  45-70,  in  good  condition,  with 
empty  shells,  $4.00.    P.  R.  Barnard,  Spencerville,  Ont. 


FOR  SALE — Good  Brown  motorcycle,  second-hand,  3  1-2  h.p., 
at  a  bargain.  $125.00  cash.  Apply  Box  W.  Rod  and  Gun, 
Woodstock.  Ont. 


FOR  SALE — Registered  Airedale  Terrier*  Puppies.  No 
fancy  prices  expected.  W.  R.  Cunningham,  Annapolis, 
Nova  Scotia. 


GASOLENE  LAUNCH  FOR  SALE— New  and  desirable.  30 
foot  dory, 22  foot  cock  pit.  Nearing  completion.  This  is 
an  extra  good  sea  boat,  with  a  large  carrying  capacity.  Just 
the  thing  for  lake  cruising  and  bass  fishing  parties — would 
accommodate  as  high  as  thirty  fishers  or  one  man  can  run 
her.  Babbit's  patent  anchor,  one  hundred  feet  of  chain  ; 
forward  and  side  steering;  canopy  top  and  storm  proof  cur- 
tains. Cabinet  closet  at  stern,  good  engine  by  McKeough 
arid  Trotter,  Chatham,  eight  miles  per  hour.  Price  $850 
or  for  $200  extra,  will  substitute  15  horse-power  engine  giv- 
ing ten  miles  per  hour.  Preparing  to  build  a  25-footer,  with 
hunting  cabin.  Look  me  up:  I  can  save  you  money.  S.  B. 
Cook,  Long  Point  Lighthouse,  via  Port  Rowan.  tf 

FOR  SALE  OR  EXCHANGE— One  thoroughbred  fox  hound 
trained  on  deer  and  fox  $15.  or  will  exchange  for  balloon, 
silk  tent,  or  what  offers.  Syd.  Jackson,  Bala,  Muskoka. 
Ont.  tf 


FOR  SALE — 4,000  feet  of  moving  picture  film,  cheap. — 
E.  S.  Coppins,  Woodstock,  Ont.  tf 

FOR  SALE — English  Llewellin,  Irish,  Gordon  Setter  pups 
and  dogs;  Pointers,  Spaniels  and  Retrievers,  trained  dogs: 
thoroughbred  choice  stock;  prices  reasonable.  Thorough- 
bred Kenels,  Atlantic,  Iowa.  3t 

FOR  SALE — Cuzco  Island,  in  Six-Mile  Lake,  Muskoka;  title 
is  patent  from  the  crown:  parcel  861,  township  of  Baxter, 
west  of  southeast  point  of  lot  No.  18  in  the  13th  concession* 
of  Baxter  and  south  of  Island  No.  48;  price  $50.  Box 
40,  Rod  and  Gun,  Toronto,  Ont. 


FOR  SALE  —  Guns,  Rifles,  Revolvers,  Automatic  Pis- 
tols, Ammunition,  Fishing  Rods,  Tackle.  Greatest  bar- 
gains in  Canada.  Very  best  steel  fishing  rods,  any  length, 
in  fitted  bag,  for  one  seventy  five.  Ten  foot  split  bam- 
boo Bait  Rods,  in  fitted  cover,  thoroughly  good,  better 
than  ordinary  two  fifty  rods  for  one-fifteen.  Latest  22  Win- 
chester repeater,  repeats  shorts,  long  and  long  rifle  cart- 
ridges, for  nine  ninety.  Stevens  latest  double  Hammerless 
Shotgun  for  eighteen  fifty.  .351  Winchester  Automatic  Re- 
peaters, $22.50.  Bargains  in  all  lines.  Lyon  Mfg.  & 
Sporting  Goods  Co.,  423  Yonge  St.,  Toronto. 


FOR  SALE — Deerhound  pup;  same  parents  as  pup  whose 
picture  appeared  in  December  Rod  and  Gun.  Geo.  F.  Janes, 
Ingersoll,  Ont.  It 

AN  EXPERT  Boater,  Angler  and  Shooter  desires  the  care 
of  a  clubhouse.     Apply  to  Box  99,  Bouchette  P.  O.,  Que.  It 

FOR  SALE — High-class  L.  C.  Smith  12-bore  shotgun;  au- 
tomatic ejector,  leather  case,  weight  7  3-4  lbs.  Apply  S.  P. 
Anderson,  care  Bank  of  Toronto,  London. 

MAGAZINES— Field  and  Stream,  pub.  price  $1.50,  our 
price  only  $1.~35  a  year  in  United  States.  Send  at  once. 
McKee  &  Johnson,  Allegan,  Mich.  It 

WANTED — a  deerhound  of  good  size,  speedy,  good  voice, 
trained  to  hunt  deer;  must  be  guaranteed  a  worker  and  true; 
a  first-class  deer-hunting  dog  is  what  I  want.  Answer,  with 
particulars,  to  J.  H.  Roberts,  Actinolite,  Ont.  It 


TO  SPORTSMEN — For  Immediate  Sale:  Magnificent  fish- 
ing and  hunting  property,  comprising  lake  of  35  acres  in 
superficies,  furnished  house,  boats,  fishing  tackle,  etc.,  and 
186  acres  of  good  land  in  superficies,  in  valley  of  Matapedia, 
at  7  miles  from  Anqui,  I.C.R.,  by  good  carriage  road.  Lake 
abounds  in  trout  only,  and  hunting  territory  full  of  game  sur- 
rounds it.  Would  make  most  valuable  and  desirable  coun- 
try residence  or  hunting  lodge.  Is  isolated,  yet  close  to  civ- 
ilization. Special  opportunity  for  American,  European  or 
other  sportsmen  desirous  of  acquiring  a  most  valuable  sport- 
ing reserve  in  Province  of  Quebec.  Titles  perfect.  For  par- 
ticulars, plan,  etc.,  address  F.  X.  Fafard,  Land  Surveyor,  128 
St.  Cyrille  Ave.,  Quebec.  It 


Apply  C.  S., 


FOR  SALE — Buffalo  coat  in  good  condition. 
Spilsted  P.  O.,  Alberta. 

FOR  SALE — Good  hunting  beagle  bitch,  age  15  months; 
from  good  stock;  prrce  $10.00.  W.  Ball,  32  Priory  Street, 
Guelph,  Ont. 

WANTED — A  postal  card  from  any  Motor  Boat  owner  will 
bring  valuable  information  as  to  how  all  pumps  and  power 
can  be  dispensed  with,  and  always  have  a  boat  free  from 
rain  inwash  or  leakage  water.     J.  A.  Pyke,  Brockville,  Ont. 

FOR  SALE — Three  fine  Winchester  Target  Rifles.  A. 

Knox,  Orono,  Ont. 

WOULD  LIKE  TO  MEET  several  gentlemen  that  spend 
from  $100  to  $500  a  year  on  big  game  hunting,  to  form  a 
club  of  twenty  members  in  British  Columbia;  cost  $1,000 
each,  this  to  De  the  only  payment,  club  to  pay  all  expenses 
thereafter,  on  every  hunt,  and  as  long  as  you  please;  any 
year  not  hunted  in  you  draw  4  per  cent,  in  lieu  of  expenses, 
and  if  you  wish  to  draw  out  at  any  time  your  money  will  be 
refunded.     Address  X.  Y.  Z.,  Rod  and  Gun. 

SPORTSMEN— On  your  way  to  the  A.  Y.  P.  stop  off  at 
Kamlcops,  B.C.,  visit  Rainbow  Lodge,  at  Trout  Lake,  on 
the  Long  Lake  Forest  and  Game  Reserve,  where  you  can 
find  the  best  fly  fishing  for  Rainbow  Trout  in  the  West.  Good 
wagon  road  to  fishing.  Everything  rustic,  good  table,  and 
comfortable  beds.  Elevation  4,100  feet.  -Cool  nights.  '  No 
hay  fever;  relieves  asthma.  For  particulars  and  booklet, 
apply  R.  Cowan,  Kamloops,  B.C.  s 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


5? 


dixie  n. 

What  the  owner  of  the  fastest  motor  boat  in 
America  has  to  say  about  Havoline  Oil: 

Edw.  Schroeder  Lamp  Works, 
716-722  Jersey  Avenue. 

Jersey  City,  N.J.,  Aug.  27,  '08. 
i'HE  HAVOLINE  OIL  CO., 

80  Broad  St.,  New  York  City. 
Gentlemen: 

Referring  to  your  inquiry  of  the  17th  inst.  with 
regard  to  the  performance  of  Havoline  Crystal  No. 
10  in  "Dixie  II,"  would  say  that  after  taking  the 
engine  down  for  inspection  I  am  pleased  to  say 
that  the  cylinders,  pistons,  rings  and  bearings 
were  in  perfect  condition;  there  was  absolutely 
no  carbon  deposit  in  the  cylinders,  and  am  de- 
lighted to  say  that  I  attribute  this  condition,  and 
in  fact  the  winning  of  her  races,  to  the  use  of 
your  oil. 

Yours  truly, 

(Signed)    E.  J.  SCHROEDER 

VMM/EJS 


Havoline  Marine 
Motor  Oil  : 


The  necessity  of  having  a  special  cyl- 
inder oil  for  marine  motors,  where  the 
conditions  are  entirely  different  from 
those  prevailing  in  an  automobile  or 
other  types  of  machinery,  is  apparent 
to  all  those  familiar  with  the  subject. 


Any  one  who  has  had  his  motor  start  to  "miss"  when  a  gale  was  blowing, 
the  sea  heavy  or  the  tide  against  him,  and  has  been  confronted  with  the  pos- 
sibility of  his  engine  ceasing  operations  altogether  knows  how  vital  it  is  to 
have  the  right  kind  of  oil. 

Havoline  Marine  Motor  Oil  is  superior  to  other  marine  oils  in  precisely 
the  same  way  and  for  precisely  the  same  reasons  that  Havoline  Automobile 
Oils  are  superior  —  they  are  FILTERED,  and  they  can  be  depended  upon  to 
not  only  lubricate,  but  to  keep  down  the  carbon  deposits. 

The  manufacturers  of  many  of  the  better  grades  of  marine  motors  are 
now  specifically  advising  the  use  of  Havoline  Marine  Oil  to  all  those  who  pur- 
chase their  motors  —  for  the  manufacturer  knows  what  serious  results  can 
follow  the  use  of  poor  or  unsuitable  oil,  and  he  knows  that  Havoline  will  keep 
his  motors  clean  and  out  of  trouble. 

A  full  line  of  Havoline  lubricants  is  now  carried  in  stock  at  Toronto  by 
The  Dominion  Automobile  Co.,  at  145  Bay  St.,  where  prompt  deliveries  can 
be  had  in  original  packages  or  shipments  made  direct  from  our  New  York  or 
Chicago  offices. 

PRICES— F.  O.  B.  New  York  or  Chicago. 


Barrel 
(50  gal.) 

50c 
per  gal. 


Half  Bbl. 

(25  gal.) 

50c 
per  gal. 


10  Gal. 

Can 

60c 
per  gal. 


5  Gal. 

Can 

65c 
per  gal. 


1  Gal. 

Can 

70c 
per  gal. 


Add  duty  and  freight  for  Canadian  delivery. 


HAVOLINE  OIL  COMPANY 


Chicago 


Main  Office  80  Broad  St.,  New  York  City 
BRANCHES: 

Boston         Philadelphia         St.  Louis         San  Francisco 


When  writing  Advertisers  lcindly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


58 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


THE  NEW 
VACATION  GROUNDS 

Opened  up  by  the  six  railways  of  the  Canadian  Northern 
Railway  System,  which  traverse  six  provinces,  are  a  little 
away  from  the  well-worn  paths.  They  offer  an  amplitude 
of  recreation  opportunities  for  the  fisherman,  canoeist, 
yachtsman  and  hunter.    For  instance  : — 

IN  NOVA  SCOTIA  the  Halifax  and  South  Western  is  the  ocean  shore  route  from  Halifax  to 
Yarmouth,  and  gives  easy  access  to  a  score  of  well-stocked  trout  streams 
and  an  inland  lake  system  which  is  the  finest  fishing  territory  in  Eastern 
North  America.  The  line  is  littered  with  places  of  historical  interest, 
summering  resorts  and  fishing  villages.  The  Inverness  Railway  serves 
the  freshest  and  most  hospitable  section  of  Cape  Breton  Island,  and  gives 
easy  access  to  the  famous  Margaree  Valley  with  its  unequalled  salmon 
fishing. 

IN  QUEBEC  The  Saguenay,  Lake  St.  John,  the  Upper  St.  Maurice,  the  famous  Roberval 

district  and  the  La  Tuque  preserve  are  reached  by  the  Quebec  &  Lake  St. 
John  Railway.  For  the  Laurentians,  Shawinigan  Falls,  the  valleys  of 
the  Batiscan,  St.  Lawrence  and  the  Ottawa,  the  Canadian  Northern  Quebec 
is  the  railway. 

IN  ONTARIO  the  shortest  and  most  picturesque  route  from  Toronto  to  the  Muskoka 

Lakes  is  by  way  of  the  Canadian  Northern  Ontario.  Further  north  the 
same  railway  cuts  through  the  Maganetawan  country  and  crosses  the 
French  River  at  its  most  accessible  point.  Sellwood,  the  present  terminus, 
at  the  Moose  Mountain  Iron  Mines,  is  a  fine  centre  for  big  game  hunters. 

From  Thunder  Bay  to  Lake  of  the  Woods  the  Canadian  Northern  main 
line  follows  the  old  Dawson  fur  trail  through  the  Rainy  River  district, 
crossing  Rainy  Lake  and  its  ten  thousand  islands,  j.nd  touching  innumer- 
able waters  well  stocked  with  hard-fighting  fish  and  frequented  by  big 
game. 

IN  MANITOBA,  the  Canadian  Northern  griddles  the  wheatlands  and  gives  easy  access 
SASKATCHEWAN  to  the  real  North-West  of  mighty  rivers,  enormous  lakes,  hidden  trading 
AND  ALBERTA       posts  and  extensive  game  lands. 

Apart  from  the  holidaying  and  sporting  opportunities  of  these  newly  developed  territories 
there  is  a  wealth  of  commercial  possibilities  for  the  enterprising.  Hundreds  of  new  town  sites 
have  been  created  and  scores  of  new  industries  have  been  made  possible.  For  maps,  informa- 
tion —  general  and  specific  —  write  to  the  Information  Bureau,  Canadian  Northern  Building, 
Toronto. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


59 


fade  Slant 


GASOLINE  MOTORS 


MARINE STATIONARY  f  £>2 ^ 

A  high  quality  engine  at  a  low  price.  Smooth 
as  a  dynamo  in  operation — and  a  GIANT  for 
power.  Only  three  working  parts — crank-shaft, 
connecting  rod  and  piston — the  simplest,  most 
accessible,  easiest  operating  marine  engine  sold. 

Elevated  Roller  Timer,  same  as  an  automobile — Jump 
Spark  Ignition— high-grade  float-feed  Carburetor — ground 
pistons  and  cylinders.  Piston  head  is  dome-shaped — an 
improvement  which  not  only  secures  more  power,  but  in 
conjunction  with  the  correct  location  of  the  ports,  in- 
sures perfect  cleaning  of  the  cylinder  after  each  explo- 
sion. Our  exclusive  patented  force-feed  lubricating  sys- 
tem—insures perfect  lubrication  <^f  every  part — no  waste 
of  oil.  Learn  all  about  the 
"Little  Giant"  before  you  buy; 
get  prices.  Catalog  free  on 
request. 

"Ignition  and  Vaporization" 
the  handiest  booklet  ever 
written  on  electric  wiring,  bat- 
teries, etc.,  sent  for  10  cents 
in  stamps. 

"Little  Giant"  Stationary 
Engines     are     unequaled  for 
pumping,   spraying  and  farm 
work.  Low  prices.  Catalog  free 

UNITED  MANUFACTURING  COMPANY 

198  West  Woodbridge  St.,  DETROIT,  MICHIGAN. 


Temagami 

(Forest  Reserve 

"The  Unspoiled 
Country 


Unexcelled 

Pishing 

and 

Shooting 


Ideal 
Accommoda- 
tion at  our 

Three 
Beautiful 
Hotels 

First-class  Steamer 
Service.  Canoes,  Guides 
and  Camp  Outfits  supplied. 


now  for  one  of  the  handsomest 
resort  booklets  ever  published.  It 
ives  complete  information, 


TEMAGAMI  STEAMBOAT  and 
HOTEL  COMPANY,  LIMITED 

TEMAGAMI,  ONT. 


"PETERBOROUGH" 

Canoes,  Skiffs  and  Launches 


It  is  time  to  think  of  BOATING.    If  you  want  to  own  the 


Neatest, 
Easiest  Running 
and 

Most  Reliable  Boat 


on  the  water  this  spring  get  a  ''PETERBOROUGH."  The 
rush  is  on.    Order  early. 


Write  for 
Catalogues  of 
Canoes  or 
Eaunches. 


PETERBOROUGH  CANOE  CO.,  LIMITED 

PETERBOROUGH,  ONTARIO,  CANADA 


When  writing  Advertisers  Mndly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


60 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


L'ancien  systeme 
Old  fashion 


La  trole  moderne 
Up  to  date 


Icthyphone 

The  great  novelty. 
No  entangling  of  line 
possible  now.  Self- 
winding 
reel.  Trowl- 
i n g  com- 
ing ahead 
again. 
_     New  fish- 
—  ing  alarm- 
bell. 

=-  J.J.QRIQNON 

STE.  SGHOLASTIQUE 

QUEBEC 


ARTIFICAL  BAITS 

CASTING  AND  TROLLING. 

Finest  in  the  world.  Endorsed  by  the 
leading  sportsmen.     Catalogue  Free. 

E.  O.  PEALER,  Sayre,  Penn.,  U.S.A. 


A  CHARMING  RESORT  ON  AHMIC  LAKE 

Good  Fishing,  Canoeing,  Excellent  Cuisene,  a 
noted  Hay  Fever  Resort,  a  good  place  to  start  from 
for  a  Canoe  Trip  down  the  Magnetawan  to  Georgian 
Bay. 

For  Rates  and  Accomodation,  address 

geo.  Mcknight,  Prop.,   cedarcroft,  ont. 


For  the  successful  rendering  of  your  sporting  subjects,  use  materials  of  the  finest  quality. 

WELLINGTON 

XTRA  SPEEDY:  350  H.  &  D.    The  fastest  and  cleanest  working  photographic  plate  in  the 
world. 

SPEEDY :  250  H.  &  D.    For  general  instantaneous  photography. 

ISO  SPEEDY  :  225  H.  &  D.    For  the  better  rendering. of  tone  and  color  values. 

LANTERN :  5  H.  &  D.    For  lantern  slides  of  finest  quality. 

BROMIDES :  In  various  grades  for  contact  and  enlarging. 
S.  C.  P. :  The  "  Queen"  of  Gaslight  Papers. 
P.  O.  P. :  For  printing-out  in  daylight  or  arc-light. 
SELF-TONING  :    Yields  rich  tones  by  "fixing  in  Hypo  only. 

PELM  . 

Anti-Curling  Celluloid — Isochromatic  for  ALL  Daylight  Loading,  Roll  Film  Cameras. 
Write  for  Free  Booklets  describing  the  delightful  processes  of  this  fascinating  hobby  to 

(Wellington  &  Ward,)  WARD  &  CO.,  13  St.  John  Street,  Montreal,  P.  Q, 


When  writing  Advertisers  Jcindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


61 


Maxim  Silencer 


of  the  age 


Gunsmiths  can  fit  it  to  any  rifle.  Can  be  attached  or  detached  in  four  seconds.  Prevents  all  explosion  noise 
Reduces  the  recoil  (kick)  over  50  per  cent.  Can  be  carried  in  vest  pocket.  Does  not  interfere  with  balance 
sighting,,  velocity  or  accuracy.    Demonstrations  given  daily.    Write  for  Free  Catalogue. 

l0^  MAXIM  SI1  FNT  FIRF  ARMS  fO         38  PARK  ROW'  NEW  york. 

827  IVl^VyVllVl  vJlL.Cn  1    riI\.C/\l\lVlO  V-W.  Branch  Office,  717  Market  St.,  San  Francisco,  Cal 


OUTDOOR  SLEEPING 


Made  comfortable  and  healthful  by  "Ever  Ready  Camp-Out 
Beds."  Makes  into  neat  pack,  weighs  only  seven  pounds  and 
will  support  500  pounds.  Comfortable  to  sleep  on  (no 
board  sides),  and  perfect  protection  from  bad  weather.  Price, 
plain,  $3.75;  with  netting  and  supports,  $4.75;  with  netting 
LIGHT    PACK    and  tent  complete,  $8.00.     Write  for  catalog,  or  order  today. 

GREEN  BAY  COT  CO.,  Dept.  35,  New  London,  Wis. 


MAKES  A  NEAT 


16-foot  Launch 
$96.00 

18,  21  and  25-Foot  at 
Proportionate  Prices 


All  Launches  fitted  with 
Detroit  Two-Cycle  Rever- 
sible Kngine.  Starts  with- 
out cranking--has  positive 
speed  control,  only  three 
moving  parts  piston,  con- 
necting rod  and  crank 
shaft.    While  hron7.c  hear- 


ings, piston  and  crank 
shaft  ground  and  polished, 
drop  forged  steel  crank 
shaft,  centrifugal  ring  oiler 
on  crank  pins,  exhaust 
water-jacketed  and  water- 
cooled  Muffler.  Fuel  In- 
jector burns  gasoline,  ker- 
,  coal  oil  or  alcohol. 


Over  40 
Different  Styles 

to  choose  from. 
ON  HAND  AND  READY 
TO  SHIP 


ROW  BO  ATS.   $20.00   AND  UPWARDS 


largest  manufacturers  of  Pleasure  Boats  in  the  world  and  carry  in  stock  several  thousauds  of  each  style  boats  so  that  orders  can  be 
ny  they  are  received  if* necessary.  Every  boat  and  engine  guaranteed  and  thoroughly  tested  before  shipment,  insuring  a  perfect  work- 
MICHIGAN  STEEL  BOATS  need  no  boat  house,  can  be  left  out  on  the  beach  for  months  at  a  time  and  when  put  back  in  the  water  are 
atcr-light,  as  they  don't  crack,  check  or  rot  and  are  impervious  to  the  effects  of  the  weather.  One  Boat  Livery  has  125  of  our  Special 
I  .f<><>(  square  stern  rowboats  in  use.  They  are  money  makers  and  a  source  of  comfort  and  pleasure  to  all  who  use  them.  They  pro- 
le-third  less  power  than  other  boats  of  the  same  size,  are  lighter  and  more  buoyant,  more  seaworthy,  longer  lived  and  better  iu  every 
nd  for  EREE  CATALOG  and  description  of  the  trip  taken  in  a  Michigan  Steel  Boat  through  the  Canyons  of  Colorado  and  Arizona. 
at  that  ever  successfully  completed  this  trip. 

WRITE  US  FOR  LIST  OF  USERS  OF  OUR  PATENT  STEEL  BOATS 

MICHIGAN  STEEL  BOAT  COMPANY, mijeffersonave  Detroit, Michigan, U.S.  A. 


We  are  the 
filled  the  d; 
ing  outfit, 
perfectly  w 
|  Livery  B  1 
pel  with  or 
j  respect.  S 
(The  only  b 


When  writing  Advertisers  "kindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


62 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


CANADIAN   PACIFIC  RAILWAY 


Canoeing — Fishing — Prospecting 


If  you  are  thinking  of  taking  a  canoe  trip  this  year,  it  is  advisable  that 
you  consult  us  before  making  your  arrangements.  We  can  give  you  full 
particulars  of  any  kind,  be  it  long,  short,  difficult  or  easy,  whichever  you 
want.  W e  know  the  guides  who  are  reliable  —  where  you  should  do  your 
outfitting  and  provisioning. 

Amongst  others  we  recommend:  Ontario. — The  Mississauga  River, 
the  Albany  River,  and  especially  the  trip  from.  Bisco  Station  through  Lakes 
Minniesinaqua,  Mettagami,  Sinclair  and  Pigeon  to  Gowganda.  This  route  con- 
tains all  the  elements  desired  on  a  trip  and  teams  will  be  found  on  the  port- 
ages. From  the  start  to  the  finish  it  will  be  through  the  wonderful  mineral 
belt  of  Ontario.    Take  a  pick,  a  strike  with  which  may  make  your  forutne. 

British  Columbia. — The  Columbia-Kootenay  Canoe  Trip  is  as  fine  a  one 
as  the  world  can  offer. 

Quebec. — A  trip  through  Kipawa  Lake  into  the  lake  section  northeast 
thereof  will  charm  you. 

New  Brunswick. — The  southwest  branch  of  the  Miramichi  offers  a 
seventy-mile  trip  hard  to  beat,  with  fine  trout  fishing  all  the  way. 

These  are  only  a  few  out  of  many  we  know  about.  If  you  have  any 
idea  of  your  own  ask  us  about  it.  - 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


63 


CANADIAN   PACIFIC  RAILWAY 
Summer  Homes  and  Sojourns 


Our  Toronto-Sudbury  Line  has  made  as  accessible  as  almost  any  region  in 
Canada,  the  famous  30,000  islands  of  the  Georgian  Bay  with  their  wildness, 
bracing  air,  and  freedom  from  mosquitoes.  An  island,  two  or  three  acres  in 
extent,  is  an  estate,  almost  a  kingdom.  A  launch  is  much  better  than  any 
carriage  and  a  canoe  better  than  a  saddle  horse.  We  specially  recommend  the 
Bayfield  Channel  between  Parry  Sound  and  Point  au  Baril  for  its  bass  fishing, 
natural  beauty  and  wonderful  supply  of  islands. 

BASS  —  TROUT  —  MASKINONGE 

Write  us  which  you  want  and  when  you  can  get  away.  Let  us  tell  you 
where  to  go,  where  to  outfit  and  obtain  reliable  guides.  Consulting  us  may 
prevent  unsuccessful  trips. 

HUNTING — Make  arrangements  early  if  you  want  good  guides.  Ask  us 
where  to  go  L  Q  ARMSTRONG,  Tourist  Agent 

C.P.R.  OFFICES,  MONTREAL 


64 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


JUST  THINK 


What  a 
Comfort 
a  pair  of 
Thermos 
Bottles 
vOiU  he  to 
You  this 
Summer 


QBE 


Thermos  the  Bottle 
will  furnish  piping  hot 
or  ice  cold  refreshments 
at  any  hour,  anywhere. 

In  your  motor-boat,  yacht,  auto,  on  all  fish- 
ing and  hunting  trips,  picnics  and  when 
traveling,  Thermos  will  instantly  furnish 
you  with  hot  soups,  coffee  or  tea.  Or  you 
can  have  ice-cold  lemonade,  milk  or  Scotch 
at  any  place,  no  matter  how  hot  the  weath- 
er.   Thermos  the  Bottle  will 

Keep  Content*  Hot  24  Hours  Without  Fire 

Keep  Contents  Cold  3  Days  Without  Ice 

No  chemicals  used — simply  a  glass  vacuum 
enclosed  in  handsome  nickle-plated  brass 
case. 

At  your  dealer's— Price  $2.75  up,  pints  and 
quarts. 

The  Thermos  Tea  and  Coffee,  beautiful  in 
design,  economical,  and  the  greatest  luxury 
you  ever  had.    Price  $7.50. 
Write  for  catalogue. 

CANADIAN  THERMOS  BOTTLE  CO., Ltd. 

MONTREAL 


t  "Star 
Brand" 
Breakfast 
Bacon 

is  the 

BEST  BACON. 

Made  from  Choice  Canadian  Pigs, 
Selected  and  cured  under  inspec- 
tion of  the  Dominion  Government, 
the  quality  is  unsurpassed. 
Ask  your  grocer  for  it,  or  send 
direct  to 

F.  W.  Fearman  Co.,  Ltd. 

Hamilton.  Ontario 


WATER  COLOR 
SKETCHES 


OF 


Game  Birds 
Fur-Bearing  Animals 
Shooting  and 
Fox-Hunting 

Portraits  of 'dogs  and  horses  done 
to  order  from  photos 


For  prices  and  particulars  apply 

RICHARD  CLAPHAM, 

DAVISVILLE,  ONT. 


When  writing  Advertisers  Mndly  mention  Eod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


65 


C 
B 


GOLF 


Nearly  every  man  does  and  so  do  thousands 
of  the  Ladies  of  Canada. 

THE 

CURLER,  BOWLER 
and  GOLFER 

MAGAZINE 

FOR  JUNE 

WILL  BE  INTENSELY  INTERESTING 

I n   t      Will  bring  a  copy  to  your  address  post 

jj^  |   00    Will  pay  for  a  full  year  s  Subscription. 

ADDRESS 

W.  J.  TAYLOR 

PUBLISHER 

Stamps  Accepted.  5  King  Street  W.,  Toronto 

When  writing  Advertisers  kindl^nenUonBiO^N^!v^^CA^AST^^^^^^^^^^^^ 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


HHdreth  Marine  Motors 

Powerful,    Economical,  Durable 
THEY  ALWAYS  MAKE  GOOD. 


One 
Two 

Three  and 
Four  Cylinder 


The  Hildreth  Manufacturing  Co. 

127  Lakeview  Ave.,  LANSING,  MICH. 

Write  for  Catalogue  Manufacturers  of  high  grade 

and  Prices  Stationary  and  Marine  Gasoline  Motors. 


Henry  Morgan  &  Co.,  Ltd.,  Montreal,  Agents  for  Province  of  Quebec 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


67 


UNITED  STATESbatteriesINVADED  CANADA 

They  got  beaten  by  Canada. 

X  CELLS  GAVE  them  the  HA>  HA  anc*  t^iey  won't 

«  invade  Canada  again. 

Importations  of  American   Batteries  have  fallen 
off  by  70%  (seventy  per  cent),  WHY  ? 

Because 

X  CELL  IGNITORS  ARE  UNBEATABLE 

for  Long  Life    (nine  lives) 

Never  Missing  Spark 
(a  hot  one.) 

Quick  Recuperation 

(The  Cat  Won't  go  to  Sleep.  ; 

You  cannot  have  troubles  by  in- 
stalling them  in  your  Car  or  Motor 
Boat. 

We  guarantee  every  x  cell. 
Sold  nearly  a  million  in  the  first 
year. 

^°owyo°uur  W1RLESS  BATTERY  BOXES 

You  ought  to  have- them  in  your  Boat. 

Better  ask  us  quick  for  particula  rs 
and  get  our  June  Pkices. 

ELECTRICAL  SPECIALTIES,  Limited. 

12-14-16  Shuttr  Street,  TORONTO. 


Thousands  of 
Satisfied  Users 


There  is  always  a  good  sound  reason 
when  the  product  of  a  manufacturer 
acquires  and  holds  great  patronage 
— especially  in  the  face  of  keen  competition.  The  large  and  constantly  growing 
demand  for  the 

Common   Sense  Plug 

is  the  unmistakable  seal  of  public  approval.    Ask  for  it — obtain  it  and  you  can  be  dead  sure  of  good 
ignition.    Price,  $1.00. 

NEW  YORK 


Walton  Avenue  and  138th  Street 
Branch,  1679  Broadway 


C.  F.  SPLITDORF 

"  '  '  When  writing  Advertisers  Mildly  mention  Eod  and  Gun  in  Canada 


68 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


ROD  AND  GUN'S  ADVERTISERS. 

Readers  who  fail  to  consult  our  advertising  pages  miss  a  large  proportion  of 
the  most  interesting  matter  in  the  Magazine.  They  will  find  that  they  may  learn 
much  from  these  announcements. 

Every  advertisement  in  ROD  AND  GUN  comes  from  a  responsible  firm, 
and  our  readers  may  be  assured  of  courteous  answers  to  all  inquiries  and  good 
value  from  all  purchases  made  through  these  pages. 


Automobile  Insurance. 

Dale  &  Co.,  Ltd   5 

Automobiles. 

Oldsmobile  Co.  of  Canada,  Ltd   34 

Reo  Motor  Car  Co   20 

Animal  Traps. 

Oneida  Community  Co   46 

Alea  and  Beers. 

Labatt,  John    99 

Automobile  Accessories. 

Dunlop  Tire  &  Rubber  Goods  Co   37 

Dry  Cells  Electrical  Specialties,  Ltd   67 

Franco-American  Auto  Co   41 

Frost,  George  B   9 

Ideal  Carriage  Washer  Co   43 

National  Coil  Co   13 

Never-Miss  Spark  Plugs    11 

Sta-Rite— R.  E.  Hardy  Co   12 

Splitdorf,  C.  F   67 

Vulcan  Sparkers — Croftan  Storage  Battery  Co   19 

Williams,  E.  Q   43 

Ammunition. 

Dominion  Cartridge  Co   77 

Du  Pont  de  Nemours  Powder  Co   95 

Shot— Montreal  Rolling  Mills  Co   82 

Snap-Shot  and  Carbon  Powder — Hamilton  Powder  Co. .  13 

U.  M.  C. — Union  Metallic  Cartridge  Co  

Inside  back  cover 

Winchester  Repeating  Arms  Co   1 

Batteries. 

Vulcan  Sparkers— Croftan  Storage  Battery  Co   19 

Boots  fox  Sportsmen. 

Palmer,  John  Co   43 

Witchell-Scheill  Co.   21 

Canadian  Guides. 

Campbell,  Robt.  E    31 

Cameras  and  Kodaks. 

Canadian  Kodak  Co.,  Ltd    26 

Gundlach-Manhattan  Optical  Co  *..  13 

Percy,  W.  M   7 

Camp  Supplies. 

Aylmer  Condensed  Milk  Co   87 

Ales  and  Porters — John  Labatt   99 

Bovril    85 

Chiclets   99 

Chase  &  Sanborn    21 

Clark,  William    33 

Calvert,  F.  C.  &  Co   47 

Club  Cocktails— G.  F.  Heublein  &  Bro   39 

Fenn,  A.  &  Co   37-55 

Fearman's  English  Breakfast  Bacon,  Sugar-cured  * 

Hams,  Cooked  Meats — W.  F.  Fearman  Co   64 

Gillette  Safety  Razor  Co   40 

Kiffe,  H.  H.  Co   11 

Michie  &  Co.,  Ltd   78 

Marietta  Stanley  Co   22 

Marble  Safety  Axe  Co   25 

Outdoor  Cooker  Co   50 

Postum — Postum  Cereal  Co   79 

Shredded  Wheat  Biscuits  and  Triscuits — Canadian 

Shredded  Wheat  Co.,  Ltd   97 

Thermos  Bottle  Co   64 

Wilson,  F.  Cortez  &  Co   70 

Cigars. 

Harris-Harkness  Co   4 


Cooked  Meats. 

Fearman's  English  Breakfast  Bacon,  Sugar-cured 


Hams,  Cooked  Meats — W.  F.  Fearman    64 

Camp  Furniture. 

Gold  Medal  Camp  Furniture  Co   31 

Green  Bay  Cot  Co   61 

Kiffe,  H.  H.  Co   n 

Michie  &  Co   78 

Ontario  Wind  Engine  &  Pump  Co   5 

Younger,  W   3 

Canadian  Railways. 

Canadian  Pacific  Railway   62-63 

Canadian  Northern  Railway  System   58 

Grand  Trunk  Railway  System    100-35 

Canoes. 

Chestnut  Canoe  Co   19 

Capital  Boat  Works    8-49 

Dean,  Walter   41 

Gidley,  H.  E.  &  Co   9 

Kiffe,  H.  H.  Co   11 

Lakefield— Lakefield  Building  &  Mfg.  Co   9 

Life-Saving  Folding  Canvas  Boat  Co   46 

"Peterborough" — Peterborough  Canoe  Co.,  Ltd   59 

Ross,  J.  H.  Canoe  Co   12 

William  English  Canoe  Co   46 

Clothing. 

Curzon  Bros   44 

Jaeger,  Dr   71 

Raino  Co   15 

Dogs. 

Glover's  Dog  Remedies — H.  Clay  Glover   99 

Fishing  Territory. 

Canadian  Pacific  Railway    62-63 

Hiawatha  Camp  Hotel    5 

New  Brunswick  Tourist  Association    36 

Temagami  Steamboat  &  Hotel  Co   59 

Folding  Boats. 

Acme  Folding  Boat  Co   50 

Fly  Repellent. 

Sportsmen's  Fly  Repellent  Co   70 

Fishing  Tackle. 

Allcock,  Laight  &  Westwood  Co   11 

Angler's  Bait  &  Manufacturing  Co   28 

Bristol  Steel  Fishing  Rod— Horton  Mfg.  Co   47 

Corticelli  Silk  Fish  Line   14 

Coller  Rubber  Grip  Co   19 

Divine,  Fred  o   15 

Friend,  S.  H   15 

Frost,  H.  J.  &  Co   93 

Farlow,  C.  &  Co   17 

Grignon,  J.  J   60 

Hildebranat,  John  J.  Co   25 

Hardy's  Rods,  Reels  and  Tackle— Hardy  Bros.    42 

Hartung  Bros.  &  Co   39 

Heddon,  James  &  Son   50 

Immell  Manufacturing  Co   5 

Jamison,  W.  J   51 

Pepper,  Jos   50 

Pealer,  E.  0   60 

Skinner  Co.,  Ltd   7 

Unkefer  &  Bradley    8 

Young,  Carlos  G.    50 

Game  Pictures. 

Clapham,  R  ^   64 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


69 


Guns  and  Rifles. 

Harrington  &  Richardson  Arms  Co   21 

Ithaca  Guns — Ithaca  Gun  Co   23 

Kiffe,  H.  H.  Co   11 

Lancaster,  Chas.,  London   43 

Lefever  Guns — Lefever  Arms  Co   51 

Marlin  Rifles — Marlin  Firearms  Co   17 

Maxim  Firearms  Co   61 

Parker  Guns — Parker  Bros   18 

Ross  Rifle  Co   10 

Remington  Arms  Co                                    Inside  back  cover 

Stevens'  Rifles,  Pistols,  Shotguns,  Rifle  Telescopes, 

Guns,  etc                                            Outside  back  cover 

Winchester — Winchester  Repeating  Arms  Co   1 

Gun  Cabinets. 

Kiffe,  H.  H.  Co   11 

Gunsmith. 

Johnston,  Alex   31 

Gun  Sights. 

Lyman  Gun  Sight  Corporation    15 

Hotels. 

Algonquin  Hotel    70 

Bellevue  Hotel   18 

Clarendon  Hotel,  Winnipeg,  Man   31 

Hume  Hotel,  Nelson,  B.C   12 

McKnight,  Geo   60 

Queens,  Toronto    46 

Queen's  Royal,  Niagara-on  the  Lake    45 

Tuller,  Detroit — W.  A.  Shaw,  Manager    46 

Thousand  Island  House,  Alexandria  Bay — 0.  G.  Staples  28 

Temagami  Steamboat  &  Hotel  Co   59 

Windsor  Hotel    7 

Hotel  Ware. 

B.  W.  Klotz                                                Inside  front  cover 

Hunting  Territory. 

Canadian  Pacific  Railway    62  63 

New  Brunswick  Tourist  Association    36 

Temagami  Steamboat  &  Hotel  Co   59 

Liquors. 

Club  Cocktails— G.  F.  Heublein  &  Bro   39 

Labatt,  John   99 

Michie  &  Co.,  Ltd   78 

Launches. 

Butler,  M.  L   42 

Gidley,  H.  E.  &  Co.    9 

Hall,  J.  B   78 

Peterborough  Canoe  Co   59 

Robertson  Bros  ^  6 

Miscellaneous. 

American  Pedometer  Co   7 

Hygienic  Vacuum  Cap  Co   50 

Sanitary  Pipe  Co   12 

Mineral  Waters. 

Bromo  Mineral  Water — Bromo  Mineral  Co   3 

Marine  Motors. 

Adams  Launch  &  Engine  Mfg.  Co   27 

Automatic  Machine  Co   38 

Beaver  Manufacturing  Co.  .   39 

Buffalo — Buffalo  Gasoline  Motor  Co   14 

Brennan  Motor  Manufacturing  Co   8 

Beilfuss  Motor  Co   9 

Canadian  Supply  Co.   37 

Canadian  Fairbanks  Co   74 

Caille  Perfection  Motor  Co   4 

Detroit  Engine  Works   49 

Detroit  Auto  Specialty  Co   70 

.  Dunn,  Walter  E   43 

DuBrie  Motor  Co   29 

Ferro  Machine  &  Foundry  Co   24 

Gray  Motor  Co   29 

Gidley,  H.  E.  &  Co   9 

Guarantee  Motor  Go                                  Inside  back  cover 

Hamilton  Motor  Works    51 

Hildreth  Manufacturing  Co   66 

Lockwood-Ash  Motor  Co  •   55 

Marine  Construction  Co   75 

Michigan  Steel  Boat  Co   61 

McKeough  &  Trotter,  Ltd   25 

Schofield-HoWen  Machine  Co   16 

Syracuse  Gas  Engine  Co   23 

Sterling  Engine  Co   100 


Sintz-Wallin  Co   30 

Sintz,  Guy  L.  Co  /.  43 

Strelinger  Marine  Engine  Co  [  50 

Van  Auken  Motor  &  Machine  Works   32 

Wonder  Manufacturing  Co   1 

Waterman  Marine  Motor  Co   2 

Magazines. 

Curler,  Bowler  and  Golfer    65 

Motor  Magazine  of  Canada    52 

Motor  Boats. 

Butler,  M.  L   42 

Capital  Boat  Works   3.49 

Coward's  Boat  Factory   .*,"  53 

Detroit  Boat  Co   53 

Gidley,  H.  E.  &  Co   9 

Robertson  Bros   q 

Ross,  J.  H.,  Canoe  Co   12 

Schultz  Bros   49 

Motor  Boat  Accessories. 

Croftan  Storage  Battery  Co   19 

Conboy  Carriage  Co   31 

Dry  Cells — Electrical  Specialties,  Ltd   67 

Hercules  Electric  Co   33 

Havoline  Oil  Co   57 

Leckie,  John   47 

Michigan  Wheel  Co.   27 

Never-Miss  Spark  Plug  Co   n 

Piper,  Hiram  L.  Co   5 

Stickler  Weedless  Wheel  Co   51 

Splitdorf,  C.  F   67 

Williams,  E.  Q    43 

Oils,  Varnishes,  Paints,  Etc. 

Havoline  Oil  Co   57 

Paton,  J.  W   31 

Sanderson,  Pearcy  &  Co   15 

Three-in-One  Oil  Co.    70 

Office  Appliances. 

Smith-Premier  Typewriters — National  Typewriter  Co. . .  77 

Williams  Manufacturing  Co   39 

Outfitters. 

Fenn,  A.  &  Co   37-55 

Gold  Medal  Camp  Furniture  Co   31 

Jaeger,  Dr  $  71 

Kiffe,  H.  H.  Co   11 

Leckie,  John,  Ltd   47 

Michie  &  Co   78 

Warren  &  Ellis    33 

Photo  Supplies. 

Canadian  Kodak  Co.,  Ltd  ,   26 

National  Drug  &  Chemical  Co   76 

Percy,  W.  M   7 

Ward  &  Co   35-60 

Portable  Houses. 

Schultz  Bros.  Co.,  Ltd   53 

Prize  Trophies. 

Bailey,  James  D.  Ltd   37 

Premiums. 

Premiums    72-73 

Physical  Culture. 

Dorchester,  F.  E   45 

Rifle  Sights  and  Gun  Implements. 

Marble  Safety  Axe  Co   25 

Revolvers. 

Harrington  &  Richardson  Arms  Co   21 

Iver  Johnson's  Arms  &  Cycle  Works   81 

Sow  Boats. 

Gidley,  H.  E.  &  Co   9 

Lakefield  Canoe  Building  &  Mfg.  Co   9 

Peterborough  Canoe  Co  59 

Taxidermy. 

Darbey,  E.  W.   3 

Emack  Bros   35 

Trap-Shooters'  Supplies. 

Fenn,  A.  &  Co   37-55 

Kiffe,  H.  H.  Co   n 

Water  Trips. 

Richelieu  &  Ontario  Navigation  Co   75 

Want  Advertisements. 

Page    56 


A  MATCHLESS  CIGAR  LIGHTER 

Will  be  sent  FREE  to  anyone  sending  us  One  Subscription  to  Rod  and 
Gun  in  Canada.    Address,  W.  J.  TAYLOR,  publisher,  Woodstock,  Ont. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


70 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Hotel  Algonquin 

JOE  LAKE  STATION,  ALGONQUIN  PARK, 
G.T.R.,  ONTARIO 

Headquarters  for  tourists,  campers,  fishermen  ar.d 
holiday  people  generally. 

L.  E.  MERRELL,  MOWAT  P.  O.,  ONT. 


KAMP   KOOK'S  KIT 

54  Pieces— Komplete — Kompact— 20  Pounds 

Cures  Commissary  Cares.Captures  Campers  Completely, 
Query  Commaids  Catalog. 

ASK  YOUR  UVE  DEALER 

F.  CORTEZ  WILSON  &  CO.,  Mfrs. 

Established  1 869  249  Lake  St.,  Chicago,  111. 


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reels  the  line  evenly,  smoothly  at  any  speed. 

"3  in  One"  prevents  rust  on  steel  rods,  prevents 
cracking  of  cane  or  bamboo  rods  and  makesall  joints 
f.t  snugly.  Makes  silk  or  linen  lines  stronger  and 
last  longer.  Prevents  twisting  and  tangling. 
'  prr  Try  "3  in  One"  yourself  at  our  expense. 
T  FlLL  Write  at  once  for  sample  bottle  and  book- 
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For  sale  now  by  all  parties  supplying 
sportsmen  with  fishing  tackles  :  :  : 


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The  most  reliable  and  effective  prepara- 
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Mr-  Ben  Slater,  the  expert  angler  of  Montreal. 
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ATTENTION 

MR.  BOAT  OWNER  AND  BUILDER 


Don't  fail  to  consider  the  "Liberty"  line  of  motors 
before  you  make  any  definite  arrangements  for 
your  future  requirements.  They  are  strong  and 
efficient,  light  and  durable  and  so  simple  in  con- 
struction that  a  child  can  operate  them  without 
difficulty. 

Elevated  timer,  steel  connecting  rod  with 
interchangeable  Babbit  bushings,  bronze  double 
check  verticle  pump,  float  feed  curbure tor,  flanged 
coupling  and  a  positive  double  check  oiling  system 
are  some  of  the  numerous  good  features  of  the 
"Liberty"  motor.    No  crank  is  used  in  starting. 

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ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


71 


Are  You  Amongst  Those 
Who  Say  Wool  is  too  Hot? 

If  so,  why  doesn't  nature  provide  animals  with  a  cotton  covering  for  sum- 
mer and  a  woollen  one  for  winter. 

Animals,  even  in  tropical  countries,  do  not  feel  oppressively  hot  in  sum- 
mer, nor  do  those  in  the  temperate  zone  take  chills  by  becoming  wet  or  on 
account  of  the  changeable  seasons. 

The  reason  is,  they  are  covered  with  wool  (hair  or  fur)  summer  and  win- 
ter alike. 

You  can  enjoy  the  same  immunity  from  the  heat  by  wearing  wool 
throughout. 

Woollen  underwear,  shirts  and  clothing  keep  the  skin  pores  working 
freely,  removing  the  feeling  of  oppressive  heat  and  all  fear  of  chills,  and  giving 
you  a  lightness  and  freedom  unknown  to  those  who  have  not  tried  it. 

The  Jaeger  System  provides  absolutely  pure  undyed  woollen  underwear 
of  gauze  texture ;  and  the  smartest  and  most  up-to-date  styles  in  shirtings 
for  men,  who  value  health  and  comfort  during  business  hours  in  the  hot 
weather. 

The  needs  of  Ladies  and  Children  are  equally  well  provided  for.  We 
shall  be  pleased  to  mail  catalogue  or  to  show  the  goods  at  our  own  store. 

A  full  range  of.  latest  styles  in  Knitted  Coats  and  Golfers  for  Ladies,  and 
Coat  Sweaters  and  Sweaters  of  all  kinds  for  men  and  boys. 

Look  for  the  JAEGER  trademark. 


DR.  JAEGER'S  CO.,  LIMITED 

316  St.  Catherine  W.,  MONTREAL 
also  at  Toronto  and  Winnipeg 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Eod  and  Gun  in  vJanada. 


72 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Premiums  for  Sportsmen 


If  you  see  what  you  want  in  the  following  list,  write  us  for  particulars  how 
to  secure  it.  If  you  do  not  see  what  you  want  in  this  list,  tell  us  what  it  is  and  we 
will  make  you  a  special  offer.  We  can  supply  you  with  practically  anything  in 
the  sporting  goods  line,  from  a  fish-hook  to  an  automobile. 

We  will  furnish  sample  copies  and  subscription  blanks,  and  do  all  in  our  power 
to  make  your  canvassing  campaign  a  success. 

There  are  thousands  of  sportsmen  who  have  never  seen  ROD  AND  GUN  who 
would  willingly  subscribe  if  shown  a  copy. 

Premiums  are  given  for  new  subscriptions  only. 

Your  own  subscription  does  not  entitle  you  to  a  premium. 

For  full  particulars  address 

PREMIUM  DEPT.,  ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA, 
Woodstock,  Ont. 


For  Three  Subscriptions 

An  Ever-Ready  Safety  Razor  and  12 
blades,  manufactured  by  the  American 
Safety  Razor  Co.,  299  Broadway,  New 
York.  This  razor  is  valued  at  $1.25,  and 
is  guaranteed  as  good  a  shaver  as  any 
$5.00  razor  made.  Only  a  limited  num- 
ber are  being  offered. 

A  Pfleuger  Pearl  Phantom  Minnow, 
made  of  genuine  polished  pearl,  with  best 
quality  of  hook,  gut  and  gimp. 

An  Ideal  Carlton  Reel,  manufactured  by 
Carlton  Mfg.  Co.,  Rochester,  N.  Y. 

For  Four  Subscriptions 
We  will  send:  A  pair  of  drab  "Bullhide" 
Moccasins,  8-inch  split  top,  chrome  tann- 
ed, heat  and  wet  proof,  wax  sewn,  sizes 
6 — 12,  manufactured  by  A.  R.  Clarke  & 
Co.,  Ltd.,  Toronto. 

A  copy  of  Modern  Sporting  Gunnery, 
one  of  the  most  able  books  ever  produced 
on  technical  gunnery. 

For  Six  Subscriptions 
We  will  send:  A  Conklin  Fountain  Pen. 

A  Stag  Brand  Steel  Rod. 

One  dozen  Stag  Brand  Rubber  Frogs  or 
Froggies. 

For  Seven  Subscriptions 
We  will  send:  A  Younger  Willow  Chair, 
manufactured  by  W.  W.  Younger,  Toron- 
to, suitable  for  verandah  or  parlor. 

For  Eight  Subscriptions 
We  will  send:  A  Brass  Hand  Pump. 


A  No.  2  Brownie  Camera,  size  2^x4^4 
picture. 

An  Acetylene  Lantern,  manufactured 
by  American  Acetylene  Stove  Co.,  Minne- 
apolis, Minn.  This  lantern  is  adapted  for 
all  purposes,  and  runs  the  ^-foot  burner 
12  hours  full  charge. 

For  Ten  Subscriptions 

We  will  send :  An  8-oz.  Brown  Duck  Coat, 
full  sheepskin-lined,  Kersey  cloth-lined 
sleeves,  high  storm  white  sheep  collar, 
manufactured  by  A.  R.  Clarke  &  Co.,  Ltd., 
Toronto. 

A  Frost  Improved  Kelso  Automatic 
Reel,  capacity  100  yards. 

A  Hunter  E  Z  Apart  Reel,  full  German 
silver,  phosphor  bronze  bearings. 

A  Stevens  No.  16  Crackshot  Rifle. 

A  Younger  Willow  Chair,  large  size. 

A  Camera,  size  3^x3^2,  manufactured 
by  Canadian  Camera  Co. 

For  Twelve  Subscriptions 

We  will  send :  A  Cartlon  Automatic  Reel. 

A  Stevens  Favorite  No.  17  Rifle. 

One  dozen  Cleveland  Battery  Connec- 
tors, only  connector  of  its  kind  on  the 
market ;  indispensable  to  motor  boat  and 
automobile  owners. 

For  Thirteen  Subscriptions 

We  will  send:  A  Bait  Casting  Rod,  man- 
ufactured by  the  Fischer  Mfg.  Co.,  of  Chi- 
cago, 111.  .s 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


73 


For  Fifteen  Subscriptions 

We  will  send:  A  pair  of  "Witch  Elk" 
Hunting  Boots,  manufactured  by  Messrs. 
Witchell-Sheill  Co.,  Detroit,  Mich. 

A  Korona  Camera,  famous  for  lens 
equipment  and  sound  principles  of  con- 
struction ;  manufactured  by  the  Gundlach- 
Manhattan  Optical  Co.,  of  Rochester,  N. 
Y.    Size  3^x454. 

A  14-inch  Weedless  Bronze  Propellor, 
made  by  the  Michigan  Wheel  Co.,  Grand 
Rapids,  Mich. 

For  Twenty  Subscriptions 
We  will  send:  A  wipe  or  contact  spark 
"Wizard"  Magneto;  length  10y2,  height 
7,  weight  12  lbs. ;  manufactured  by  Her- 
cules Electric  Co.,  707  Langsdale  ave., 
Indianapolis,  Ind. ;  or 

A  Century  Camera,  4x5,  including  a 
double  plate  holder  and  sole  leather  car- 
rying case. 

For  Twenty-four  Subscriptions 
A  Gun  Cabinet,  made  by  G.  S.  Hudson 
&  Son.,  Ellisburg,  N.  Y. 

For  Twenty-five  Subscriptions 
A  1-inch  Marvel  Carburetor,  manufac- 
tured by  Marvel  Mfg.  Co.,  Indianapolis, 
Ind. ;  a  Carburetor  that  has  proven  itself 
to  be  a  wonder,  and  never  fails  to  perform 
its  duty  at  all  times. 

A  "Wizard"  Tubular  Magneto  for  jump 
spark  marine  or  stationary  engines. 
Equipped  with  patent  friction  drive, 
straight  friction,  round  or  flat  belt  drive, 
as  required;  length  10^2,  height  8  in., 
weight  15  lbs.  Manufactured  by  Hercules 
Electric  Co.,  707  Langsdale  ave.,  Indian- 
apolis, Ind.  For  circulars,  etc.,  address 
the  manufacturers. 

For  Thirty  Subscriptions 
We  will  send  "The  Art  and  Literature  of 
Business,"  by  Charles  Austin  Bates,  com- 
plete in  six  volumes,  bound  in  cloth;  a 
fine  addition  to  any  library. 

A  white  walled  tent,  size  9^x9^,  7-oz. 
duck,  manufactured  by  Robert  Soper, 
Hamilton,  Ont.  (Tent  with  fly  for  45 
subscriptions.) 

For  Sixty  Subscriptions 
We  will  send:  A  Bastien  16-foot  bass- 
wood  Canoe,  with  two  paddles ;  paint- 
ed vermillion-red  outside,  blue  inside ; 
beam  31  inches,  depth  amidships  10  to  12 
inches,  weight  60  lbs.  Manufactured  by 
H.  L.  Bastien,  Hamilton,  Ont. 


A  Ross  16-foot  basswood  Canoe,  with 
two  paddles  ;  manufactured  by  Ross  Canoe 
Co.,  Orillia,  Ont. 

A  16-foot  basswood  Canoe,  with  two 
paddles ;  manufactured  by  the  Wm.  Eng- 
lish Canoe  Co.,  of  Peterborough. 

For  Seventy  Subscriptions 

We  will  send :  No.  20  Shotgun,  case-hard- 
ened frame  and  blued  trimmings ;  stock 
plain  fine-grain  imported  walnut,  oil  fin- 
ish and  checkered ;  manufactured  by  To- 
bin  Arms  Co.,  Norwich,  Conn. 

For  Eighty  Subscriptions 

A  Peterboro  16-ft.  varnished  basswood 
Canoe  with  two  paddles.  Send  to  Peter- 
boro Canoe  Co.,  Peterboro,  for  catalogue. 

An  11-foot  "Regular"  Folding  Boat, 
manufactured  by  the  Life-Saving  Folding 
Canvas  Boat  Co.,  Kalamazoo,  Mich.  This 
boat  is  34  in.  beam,  11  in.  deep,  18  in.  at 
ends,  with  jointed  oars  or  double  paddles, 
carrying  case,  thwart  seat  and  spreaders, 
air  chambers  and  camp  chair;  capacity 
500  lbs.,  weight  45  lbs ;  package  is  4  ft.  x 
8  in.  x  10  in.   Send  for  catalogue. 

For  Ninety  Subscriptions 

We  will  send :  A  1*4  horse-power  Perfec- 
tion Marine  Engine,  complete  with  all  ac- 
cessories. Made  by  Caille  Perfection  Mo- 
tor Co.,  Detroit,  Mich.  This  V/2  h.-p.  en- 
gine is  considered  one  of  the  finest  engines 
of  its  size  on  the  market. 

A  Dean  16-foot  varnished  Cedar  Canoe, 
with  two  paddles.  Send  to  Walter  Dean, 
Toronto,  for  catalogue. 

For  One  Hundred  Subscriptions 

We  will  send:  A  Waterman-  Outboard 
Motor. 

An  11-foot  "Special"  King  Folding  Can- 
vas Boat,  manufactured  by  the  King 
Folding  Boat  Co.,  Muskegon,  Mich.  This 
boat  is  40-in.  beam,  13  in.  deep,  20  in.  at 
ends ;  includes  jointed  oars,  carrying  case, 
bottom  lining,  thwart  seat  and  folding  seat 
with  back  and  spreaders  ;  weight  55  lbs. 

For  Two  Hundred  and  Twenty-five 
Subscriptions. 
We  will  send:  A  Palmer  Marine  Engine, 
including  bronze  shaft,  propeller  (revers- 
ing), stuffing  box,  full  electrical  equip- 
ment. For  full  particulars  of  engine,  send 
to  Palmer  Bros.,  Cos  Cob,  Conn.,  for  cata- 
logue, mentioning  this  magazine. 


74 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


FAIRBANKS-MORSE 

MARINE  ENGINES 

2K  to  100  H.  P. 
1  to  6  cylinders. 

are  built  like  watches  —  to  work  with 
precision  and  to  run  accurately. 

This  means  the  best  of  materials,  the 
highest  class  of  skilled  labor  and  the  fin- 
est manufacturing  equipment,  which  is 
provided  by  our  Toronto  factory. 

DETAILS  OF  CONSTRUCTION. 

Our  Engines  are  made  from  high-grade  Scotch  Iron  cast  in  our  own 
foundry,  which  insures  strength  and  uniformity. 

Drop  Forgings  of  Steel  are  used  where  extra  strength  is  needed. 

Cylinders  and  Pistons  are  ground  like  glass  by  a  special  process,  which 
results  in  economy  in  fuel,  superior  compression  and  greater  power. 

Renewable  Babbitted  Bearings  with  superior  oiling  facilities. 

Ball  Thrust  Bearings. 

All  parts  made  to  jigs  to  facilitate  duplicating  broken  pieces. 
Special  Brass-Geared  Water  Circulating  Pump  supplies  ample  water  for 
cooling  cylinder. 

The  famous  Schebler  Carburetor  used  on  all  engines. 

We  manufacture  various  styles 
and  sizes  of  Engines. 

Send  for  new  free  catalogue. 


MOTOR  BOAT 
ACCESSORIES 


Large   Stock    Carried.  --ass®*^^ 

The  Canadian  Fairbanks  Co.  Limited 


St.  John 


Toronto 


MONTREAL 

Winnipeg  Calgary 


Vancouver. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


To 


Our  24  Ft."Muskoka"  Special 


Wc  arc  Agents 
for 
Roberts 
Sterling 
Eagle 
and 
Racine 
Motors 


These  names  are 
your  guarantee  of 


Quality 

Complete  with  10  H.  P.  Double  Cylinder.  Roberts  Motor  and  Reverse  Gear  $650.00. 

Special  Runabout  Launches 


18  ft. 


21  ft. 


24  ft. 


27  ft. 


Thoroughly  good  in  every  detail,  each  designed  by  a  naval  architect,  p  jwered  with  an  imported  motor  (see 
list  above) ,  backed  by  an  honest  guarantee  and  <=old  at  <>et~your- business-prices.  Better  boats  and  equal 
values  can't  be  found  in  Canada.   Send  for  literature  and  blue  prints. 

THE  M\RINE  CONSTRUCTION  COMPANY,  LaRe  St.(r«.t  of  York  st.)  Toronto,  Ont 

(Successors  to  NICHOLLS  BROS.) 


YOUR  SUMMER 
OUTING 

A  Suggestion 


ROCHESTER 
1000  ISLANDS 
MONTREAL 
QUEBEC  and 
SAGUENAY  RIVER 


New  Observation  Steamers  "RAPIDS  KING"  and  "RAPIDS  QUEEN" 

in  Commission  This  Season 

For  Illustrated  Folders,  Tickets,  Etc.,  Apply  to  any  R.  R.  Agent  or  Representative  of— 

The  Richelieu  and  Ontario  Navigation  Company 

H.  FOSTER  CHAFFEE,  A.  G.  P.  A.,  Toronto,  Ont.  THOMAS  HENRY,  Traffic  Manager,  Montreal,  P.  Q. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


76 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


This  is  a  new  model  Carbine  Camera  specially  introduced 
to  meet  the  demand  for  a  low-priced  instrument  fitted  with 
an  Anastigmat  lens.  It  is  a  marvel  Qf  value.  Beautifully 
made  in  well-seasoned  wood,  covered  in  leatherette,  it  has  an 
Aluminum  baseboard,  nickel-plated  fittings,  and-  the  follow- 
ing features: 

"Aldis"  Uno  Anastigmat  f.7.7. 
Bausch  and  Lomb  Automat  Shutter, 
Extra  Rigid  Front  of  Novel  Design. 
Thumb  Pieces  of  New  Design  to  facilitate  drawing  out  the 
front. 

Back  fitted  with  flush  removable  panel  for  inserting  dark 
slides. 

At  the  price  there  is  no  better  instrument;  compare  with 
to  any  other  Roll  Film  Camera  selling  at  a  similar  price,  and 
note  the  quality  of  the  Carbine  finish  and  the  liberality  of 
the  Carbine  finish. 

1-4  pi.    -    -    $25.00\  To  be  had  from 
Postcard,   32.50/  «n 

If  with  Compound  Sector  Shutter  in  place  of  Automat, 
EXTRA. 


The  "Aldis" 

Uno  Anastigmat 

fiThis  lens  is  an  Anastigmat  of  the  high- 
est quality,  which  has  been  manufactured 
specially  by  Messrs.  Aldis  Bros,  for  use 
on  these  Cameras.  It  works  at  f.7.7  and 
at  this  aperture  covers  well.  It  is  remark- 
ably free  from  spherical  aberration. 
•JBeing  made  in  a  simple  formula  with 
the  minimum  of 
air  spaces,  this 
lens  is  quicker 
aperture  for 
aperture  than 
many  of  the 
high  priced 
lenses  with  6  or 
8  reflecting  sur- 
faces. 


National  Drug  &  Chemical  Company  of  Canada  Ltd, 

MONTREAL 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


have  improved  by  development 
along  their  own  original  lines. 


MODEL  10  IS'JHE  ORIGINAL 
SMITH  PREMIER  IDEA  BROUGHT 
TO  THE  HIGHiEST  STATE  OF 
TYPEWRITER  PERFECTION. 


The  Smith  Premier  Typewriter  Co.  inc. 

SYRACUSE,  N.  Y. 

NATIONAL  TYPEWRITER  COMPANY,  LTD. 

78  Victoria  Street,  TORONTO,  ONT. 


NEW  MODEL  10,  VISIBLE  ^WRITING 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


We  Outfit  Camping  Parties 

There  are  several  excellent  canoe  trips  in  Ontario,  of  which  we 
can  furnish  serviceable  charts,  as  well  as  providing  the 

Provisions,  Tents,  Utensils,  Blankets 
and  General  Camp  Outfit 

For  upwards  of  a  quarter  of  a  century,  it  has  been  a  special  feature 
of  our  business  to  outfit  Camping  Parties,  and  we  know  the  requirements 
thoroughly  and  invite  enquiries. 


MICHIE  &  CO.,  Ltd. 

Established  1835.  7  King  Street  West,  TORONTO,  Canad 


THE  VERY  BEST  YET 

Mullins'  Steel  Boats  and  Launches 

H  After  a  thorough  test  on  the  most  Roeky  Canadian  coasts  have  proven  their 
superiority  in  durability,  safety,  reliability  and  general  comfort. 


These  superior  Boats  are  fitted  with  air  chambers,  making  them  practically  non. 
sinkable.  The  material  of  which  they  are  constructed  is  non-corrosive  and  puncture  proof. 
These  boats  are  always  dry  and  clean  and  ready  for  use,  no  leaks  or  calking. 

The  launches  are  fitted  with  the  high  grade  Ferro  engines,  which  are  mosc  reliable 
and  durable.    Trolling  speeds  can  be  reduced  to  1|  miles  per  hour.  Prices  most  reasonable. 

For  catalogue  and  prices  of  Boats  and  Engines,  address 

OUR    CANADIAN  REPRESENTATIVE, 

J.  B.  HALL,  1 1 5  Simcoe  St.,  TORONTO,  ONT. 

Our  16  foot  Special,  3  H.  P.  Engine— Speed,  9  miles— $150.00. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


1^2    CO     12:  1 


SHOT 
HELLS 


Get  the 
RED  BALL  KIND 

[They  won  the  bi£  shoots  of  I9( 
The  best  trap  sholswi II  use  them  in  1901 


Steel  Vs.  Paper 

The  powder  charge  in  U.  M.  C.  smokeless 
powder  shells  is  surrounded  by  the  Steel 
Lining,  not  by  paper.  No  other  American 
Shell  has  this  added  steel-strength  as  protec- 
tion. The  Steel  Lining  is  a  strong  reason 
why  you  should  use  U.  M.  C.  Shells.  It's  a 
protection  to  the  gun  and  the  face. 

Look  for  the  V.M.C.  trade  mark 
on  the  shell  bo* 

THE  UNION  METALLIC  CARTRIDGE  COMPANY 

BRIDGEPORT.  CONN. 

Agency  313  Broadway  [New  York 


Save  $30oo  Duty 

Buy  Engines  in  Canada 


Sometimes  rated 

HP. 

Bore 

Stroke 

as  follows— 

Price  Complete 

2V2 

3% 

3Y2 

3%  H.P. 

$70.00 

4 

4Y2 

4 

6  H.P. 

90.00 

6 

J5 

5 

7%  H.P. 

110.00 

Price  complete  means  everything  except  tank  and  piping,  viz.:  Engine  with  bronze 
pump,  elevated  timer,  mixing  valve,  ball  thrust  bearing,  shaft  coupling,  pressure  lubricator, 
two  brass  grease  cups,  bronze  stern  bearing  and  stuffing  box,  batteries,  switch,  spark  plug, 
spark  coil,  wire,  bronze  intake  strainer,  muffler,  can  of  oil,  can  of  grease,  brass  pet  cocks. 
Can  furnish  tank  and  pipe  from  your  designs  at  small  cost.  4 — 6  H.P.  Engines  have  oil  ring 
on  crank  and  two  feed  lubricators. 

35  in  use  in  Hamilton.    Guaranteed  for  a  season.    Agents  wanted.    Get  our  Catalog. 


GUARANTEE  MOTOR  CO. 

65  BAY  STREET  NORTH  HAMILTON,  ONTARIO 


C1  OR  small  game  and  target  shooting, 
our  time-honored  Rifles  are  posi- 
tively unexcelled.    Their  popular  price 
places  them  within  the  reach  of  all.     The  Bull's  Eye  Accuracy  of  Stevens 
Rifles  is  almost  proverbial.   Hold  more  records  than  all  other  makes  combined. 

Send  us  thirty  cents  in  stamps*  for  our  latest  complete  Firearm  Catalog 
and  Dan  Beard's  intensely  interesting  and  instructive  one-hundred  page  book, 
entitled  "Guns  and  Gunning." 

Progressive  Hardware  and  Sporting  Goods  Dealers  everywhere  carry 
STEVENS  in  stock.    If  you  cannot  obtain  please  let  us  know. 


J.  STEVEN*  ARMS  <Q  TOOL  CO; 

365  MAIN  STREET 
CHICOPEE  FALLS,  MASS. 


A  Good  Fall  for  Hares 


15c  a  Coi 


The  Wary,  Gamey  Maskinonge 


GET  WISE! 


MADDOCK'S 
VITRIFIED  HOTEL  WARE 
WITH  WELDED  EDGE 


"Looks  the  Best" 
"Wears  the  Best" 
MAnd  is  the  Best" 


HAVE  THE  BEST 
IT  PAYS 

WhiU  or 
Decorated 


MADDOCK'S 
VITRIFIED  HOTEL  WARE 
WITH  WELDED  EDGE 


"Is  Used  the  Most" 
"Breaks  the  Least" 
"Pleases  Everyone" 


MADDOCK'S 
STAMP 


Guarantees 
the  Quality 


Prints,  Lithos  and  other 
Color  Work  put  under 
the  Glaze,  where  it  can't 
come  off. 


JOHN  MADDOOK  &  SONS.  LTD . 

ENGLAND. 


Badges,  Monograms, 
Crests,  Band  and  Line 
Combinations  under 
Glaze,  in  a  manner  that 
baffles  other  makers. 


SPECIALLY  MADE  FOR 

Hotels,  Clubs,  Steamships,  Dining  Cars,  etc.,  etc. 

Badges  done  in  i,  2,  3,  4  or  5  colors  by  a  new  process 
exclusively  owned  and  controlled  by  MADDOCKS. 

If  your  deale?  does  not  carry  this  line 
write  Kthe  undersigned. 

E.  W.  KLOTZ  Itrfe  TORONTO 

SOLE  AGENT  FOR  CANADA 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


1 


WINCHESTER 

THE  RIFLE  THAT  WILL  STOP  HIM 

The  shots  that  will  be  heard  around  the  world  this  year  'will 
be  fired  from  Winchester  Rifles.  Their  reliability  and  strong 
and  accurate  shooting  have  made  them  the  first  choice  of  ex- 
perience-taught big-game  hunters,  who,  when  armed  with  them, 
consider  daring  a  pleasure  and  danger  a  farce.  Winchester  Rifles 
are  made  in  ten  different  models  and  in  all  desirable  calibers  from 
.22  to  .50.  From  them  'tis  easy  to  select  a  rifle  suitable  for  hunt- 
ing any  animal,  be  it  a  squirrel  or  the  armor-skinned  rhino0  A 
catalogue  describing  all  Winchester  guns  and  ammunition  will  be 
gladly  sent  free  to  any  one  upon  receipt  of  name  and  address. 

Winchester  Guns  and  Ammunition—the  Red  W  Brand— Made  for  Each  Other— Sold  Everywhere. 

WINCHESTER  REPEATING  ARMS  CO.,      -       -     NEW  HAVEN,  CONN. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


2 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Nine-foot  Salmon  Leap. 


Fishing  and  Hunting 

NEW  BRUNSWICK  rivers  and  lakes  furnish  the- best  trout  and  salmon 
fishing  on  the  continent. 

.  More  Moose  and  larger  Moose  are  shot  in  the  NEW  BRUNSWICK 
woods  than  in  any  other  section  of  Canada.  Deer,  Caribou  and  Bear  are 
abundant. 

Before  planning  your  trout  and  salmon  fishing  trip,  your  summer  vaca- 
tion, your  fall  moose  or  caribou  hunt,  write  us.  We  can  give  you  the  exact 
information  you  want,  tell  you  of  the  best  localities,  the  best  guides,  and  if 
you  wish,  can  make  all  the  arrangements  for  your  outing. 

THE  TOURIST  ASSOCIATION 

SAINT  JOHN,  NEW  BRUNSWICK,  CANADA 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


3 


No.  10  $3.50  No.  14  $5.00  No.  12  $4.00 

Size  of  seat    16  x  16  19  x  19  18  x  17 

Height  of  back  from  seat  23  in.  26  in.  24  in. 

Height  of  arm  from  seat  9V2  in.  10  in.  20  in. 

THE  distinctive  feature  about  my  Willow  Furniture  s  not  the  price,  but  the  quality — lots  of  Art  Furniture  is 
sold  at  less,  but  you  would  not  want  it  at  any  price  when  placed  alongside  of  YOUNGER'S  WILLOW  FUR- 
NITURE. I  grow  my  own  willow.  I  supervise  personally  the  workmanship.  I  guarantee  strength  and 
durability  of  every  article.  As  to  BEAUTY  of  this  furniture,  it  speaks  for  itself.  The  handsome  set,  illustrat- 
ed above,  sells  for  $12.50.  It  comprises  three  comfortable  arm  chairs,  made  of  Willow.  That  means  coolness  and 
comfort.  There  is  no  reason  in  the  world  why  you  should  sit  in  an  unventilated  and  unhealthy  upholstered  chair 
when  you  can  buy  these  artistic  chairs  at  prices  from  $3.50  to  $10. 

We  also  manufacture  a  variety  of  other  Rush  and  Willow  Furniture,  including  Settees,  Arm  Chairs,  Fancy 
Chairs,  Invalid's  Chajrs,  Tables,  Picnic  Baskets,  Automobilists'  Baskets,  and  numerous  other  articles.  Special 
baskets  of  any  style  made  to  order.    No  extra  packing  charges  for  shipping  to  outside  points.     Send  for  catalog. 

W.  YOUNGER,  666  Yonge  St.,  Toronto 


GOOD   HEALTH  ! 
DRINK 

Bromo  Mineral 


The  well  known  morning  bracer. 
Sweetens  a  sour  stomach. 

Sold  at  all  Hotels  in  Canada. 


ALSO  DEALERS 
IN  ALL  KINDS  OF 


HOTEL  GLASSWARE 

AND 

HOTEL  SUPPLIES. 

BROMO  MINERAL  CO. 

86  Church  Street.  Toronto,  Ont. 


E.  W.  DARBEY 


Wholesale  and  Retail  Dealer  in 

Indian  Curios 
Game  Heads 
Elk  Tusks 
Live  Animals 
Glass  Eyes 

Official  Taxidermist  to  Manitoba 
Government 

TAXIDERMIST  SUPPLIES 


233  MAIN  STREET 

WINNIPEG,        -  MAN. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


4 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


SMOKE 


Van 
Home 


The  highest  grade  10  cent 
cigar  in  Canada. 

Sold  at  10  cents  and — by 
comparison — worth  more. 


Harris,  Harkness  &  Co.,  Makers,  Montreal,  Que 


COMPARISON  proves  this  "Perfection"  Marine  Engine  better  than  those  sold  at  $65,  and 
more  —  the  most  powerful,  efficient,  substantial,  best  looking  Engine  sold.     In  every 
essential  feature  equals  the  most  expensive.    Different  only  in  price.    Low  price  possible 
as  a  result  of  economies  due  to  large  output. 

PERFEGTI0N2H$45C^ 

MARINE  ENGINES 

are  sold  on  the  "square  deal"  plan.  We  guarantee  to 
satisfy  or  replace  with  a  new  Engine,  without  quibbling. 
You  will  be  satisfied. 

Specifications  of  2  h.  p.:  Cylinders,  3  inch  bore  x  3% 
inch  stroke,  drop  forged  crank  shaft,  best  babbitted  bear- 
ings, elevated  commutator  with  gears  enclosed.  Cylin- 
ders and  pistons  ground  to  a  mirror  finish  —  Built  like  an 
automobile  Engine.  Enamelled  in  Carmine,  handsomely 
striped.    Looks  fit  for  your  boat  and  is  fit. 

If  this  size  suits  you,  order  and  we  will  ship  imme-  | 
diately.    Catalogue  shows  full  line,  2  to  25  h.  p. —  one  to 
four  Cylinders  at  proportionate  prices.   Let  us  have  your 
order  now.     Anyway  write  for  the  Catalogue.  Specif 
inducements  to  Canadian  buyers. 

The  CAILLE  PERFECTION  MOTOR  CO.,  1354  Second  Ave.,  Detroit,  Mich. 


We  make  Stationary  Engines  for  Farm  and  Shop.   Catalogue  Free. 


When  writing  Advertisers  ~k\nd]y  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


6 


FISHING  RODS 


The  name  "DIVINE  RODS"  is  a 
guarantee  of  Quality,  Workman- 
ship and  a  positive  assurance  of  a 
fishing  trip  without  disappoint- 
ments which  are  due  to  the  break- 
ing of  the  rod,  and  many  annoy- 
ances usually  found  in  cheaper 
makes. 

Our  Specialty  is  Split  Bamboo,  Bethabarra 
Greenhart,  Dagama  and  Lance  Wood. 

Don't  attempt  to  make  up  your 
Camp  or  Vacation  Outfit  until  you 
have  consulted  our  catalogue,  sent 
free. 


The  Fred.  D.  Divine  Co. 

73  State  St.,  Utica,  N.  Y. 


When 
You 
Want 


PAINT 

—OR— 

FineVarnishes 

and  Colors 


Ask  for  the  old  and  reliable 


MANUFACTURED  BY 


Sanderson  Pearcy  &  Co. 

TORONTO 


For  sale  by  all  Dealers. 


Hours  of  Pleasure 

for  young  and  old  with  our 

"Eagle"  Lawn  steel  Swing 

Swings  as  easy  as  a  feather,  perfectly  safe 
lor  baby,  and  the  old  folks  enjoy  it. 

PROTECTED  WITH  AWNING,  and  it  is 
neat  and  ornamental  and  will  last  a  life- 
time. Can  be  taken  apart  in  fall,  folded 
and  put  away. 

THE    ONI.Y    STEEI,    SWING    ON  THE 
MARKET. 

Send  for  Booklet  E- 

ONTARIO  WIND  ENGINE  S  PUMP  CO.,  LIMITED 

30  Atlantic  Ave..  Toronto.  Ont. 


Sta-Rite 

(Trade  Mark) 

Ignition  Plugs 

Are  American  Standard 
Plugs,  and  have  been 
since  1902. 

Double  Porcelain  and 
Indesjtructible  Mica 

Plugs, 
dse  them  exclusively 
and  send  for  our  Perpetu- 
al Guarantee. 

— the  — 

R.E.Hardy  Co. 

INCORPORATED  1900 

201  37th  Street,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y. 
309  Fisher  Building,  Chicago. 

Canadian-Fairbanks  Co. 

Montreal,  Toronto,  Etc. 


6 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


FAIRBANKS-MORSE 

MARINE  ENGINES 

iy2  to  100  h.  p. 

1  to  6  cylinders. 

are  built  like  watches  —  to  work  with 
precision  and  to  run  accurately. 

This  means  the  best  of  materials,  the 
highest  class  of  skilled  labor  and  the  fin- 
est manufacturing  equipment,  which  is 
provided  by  our  Toronto  factory. 

DETAILS  OF  CONSTRUCTION. 

Our  Engines  are  made  from  high-grade  Scotch  Iron  cast  in  our  own 
foundry,  which  insures  strength  and  uniformity. 

Drop  Forgings  of  Steel  are  used  where  extra  strength  is  needed. 

Cylinders  and  Pistons  are  ground  like  glass  by  a  special  process,  which 
results  in  economy  in  fuel,  superior  compression  and  greater  power. 

Renewable  Babbitted  Bearings  with  superior  oiling  facilities. 

Ball  Thrust  Bearings. 

All  parts  made  to  jigs  to  facilitate  duplicating  broken  pieces. 
Special  Brass-Geared  Water  Circulating  Pump  supplies  ample  water  for 
cooling  cylinder. 

The  famous  Schebler  Carburetor  used  on  all  engines. 

We  manufacture  various  styles 
and  sizes  of  Engines. 

Send  for  new  free  catalogue. 

MOTOR  BOAT 
ACCESSORIES 

Large  Stock  Carried. 

The  Canadian  Fairbanks  Co.  Limited 


St.  John 


Toronto 


MONTREAL 

Winnipeg  Calgary 


Vancouver. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention"Roi>  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


7 


ADAMS  ENGINES 


The  ADAMS  people  are  leading  with  a 
completely  equipped  h1/?  h.  p.  engine  out- 
fit for 


$110.00 


Get  the  catalog. 

There  are  no  extras  or  excuses  in  connec- 
tion with  ADAMS  engines. 


THE  ADAMS  LAUNCH  AND  ENGINE  MFG.  CO 

Factory:  Penetanguishene,  Ont.,  Canada. 
Western  Warehouses:  Vancouver,  B.  C,  and  Nanaimo,  B.  C. 


/  fifiK  H  F  Ft  F  ^et  your  suPPnes  °*  us-  You  want  the  latest  up-to- 
" V*  *  MMLtMXL*  <jate  supplies— we  have  them  at  prices  that  are  right  and 
will  interest  you.  Every  boatman  should  have  our  60  page  catalog  full  of  valuable 
information  on  five  types  of  reverse  gears,  including  two  speeds  ahead  and  self  lock- 
ing, six  speed  wheels,  a  weedless  wheel  and  reversible  and  up-to-date  marine  hard- 
ware.   Send  for  catalog  today.  MICHIGAN  WHEEL  CO. 

Grand  Rapids,  Mich. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Kod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Bolt 


Piece 


,0^ 


1909  MODML 


Our  new  "3  Bolt— 3  Piece"  1909  Model  gun  has  the  simplest  and  fastest  lock  ever  put  in  a  gun.  Some 
makers  claim  a  three  piece  lock  but  do  not  show  or  count  the  main  spring— now  we  both  show  and 
count  the  main  spring — see  cut  above.  Please  note  we  have  cut  out  all  cocking  bars,  levers  and  push 
rods  and  hook  right  on  to  the  toe  of  the  hammer.  This  not  only  makes  a  lock  with  large  strong  parts 
but  a  lock  that  works  as  smooth  as  oil.  We  use  an  unbreakable  "coil  top  lever  spring,  also  a  coil  main 
spring,  which  acts  directly  on  the  hammer,  and  a  horizontal  sear,  which  makes  a  very  fast  lock  with  a 
quick,  clean,  sharp  and  snappy  pull.  The  hammer  has  only  a  half  inch  to  travel  as  compared  with  over 
an  inch  travel  in  other  guns,  which  makes  the  lock  50  per  cent,  faster.  If  you  are  a  trap  shooter  you 
will  readily  see  the  advantages  of  this  lock — we  figure  it  will  increase  your  score  5  per  cent.  We  make 
dainty  little  20  guage  guns  in  all  grades  hammerless.  Send  for  Art  Catalog  fully  describing  our  1909 
Model  gun.    Request  special  prices  on  our  entire  line,  18  grades,  $17.75  net  to  $300.00  list. 

Ithaca  Gun  Co.,  Dept.  No.  13,  Ithaca,  N.Y. 


THIS  VIEW  OF  THE 


Incomparable  "Syracuse" 


SHOVS  THE  PATENTED  WATER  JACKETED 

CONDENSING 
EXHAUST 


Our  catalcuge  hows  these  and 
other  special  features. 


The  Carburetor  and  Timer,  with 
speed  control  levers. 

The  starboard  side  has  nothing 
but  spark  plugs. 

No  Oiher  Motor  built  does  or  can 
condense  the  exhaust,  remove  back 
pressure  and  relieve  stress  on  cylin- 
ders as  in  the 

"Syracuse" 

In  design  and  operation  it  is 

Simplicity  Simplified 

and  in 

Construction  Unexcelled 


SYRACUSE    GAS    ENGINE  CO. 


SYRACUSE,  N  Y,  U  S  A, 


■  /hen  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


9 


hmpire  Buik 


and 


Ballistite 


DENSE 


Smokeless  Powders 

Leaders  in  the  best  class  of  Nitro  Explosives 


Grand  American  Handicap,  1908, 
Columbus,     Ohio,     June  23-26 
BALLISTITE  WINS 
PRELIMINARY  HANDICAP  SCORE 
AMATEUR  CHAMPIONSHIP  - 
HIGH  SCORE  IN  STATE  TEAM  EVENT  " 

EMPIRE  WINS 
HIGH  PROFESSIONAL  IN 
PRELIMINARY  HANDICAP  SCORE 
SECOND  HICH  SCORE  in 
STATE  TEAM  EVENT      -     -  SCORE 


95  x  100 
222  x  240 
97  x  100 


95  x  100 


96  x  100 


AGENTS  IN  CANADA 


Hamilton  Powder  Co. 

Montreal.  P.  Q.        Toronto,  Ont.        Kenora,  Ont. 
Victoria,  B.  C. 


Korona  Cameras 

always  represent  the  highest  standard 
of  camera  quality.  If  carefully  ex- 
amined they  will  win  your  approbation 
by  their  perfection  in  every  detail  and 
the  many  little  features  which  give 
them  their  individuality.  Koronas 
are  famous  for  their  lens  equipments 
and  they  are  sold  at  very  reasonable 
prices  fitted  with  our 

TURNER-REICH 

Convertible  Anastigmat  f. 
The  perfect  American  lens. 


6.  8. 


Send  for  Catalogue 


§■  Gundlach-M anhattan  Optical  Co. 

**  798  Clinton  Ave.  So..  Rochester,  N.  Y. 


4 


National  Coils  and  National  Spark  Plugs 


Insure   Efficiency,  Reliability, 
Economy   and  Quality 


The  COIL  that  holds  the  world's 
record  for  non-stop  runs,  4,492  miles 
on  Reo  Car.  Also  on  the  Pilot  Car  in 
the  New  York  to  Paris  race. 


Question :   Why  was  the  NATIONAL 
COIL  used? 

Answer:  RELIABILITY. 


We  are  the  Makers  of  the 
Reliable  National  Box  Coil. 


DASH  TYPE. 


National  Coil  Co.,  incorporated  Lansing,  Mich.,  U.  S.  A. 


10 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


HEN  Mr.  S.  A.  Griffen.  of  Suva,  Fiji 
Islands,  makes  the  remarkable  state- 
ment— 

"My  25  ft.  boat  with  a  5%  H.P.  Ferro  engine  won  second  prize  in  the  races  here, 
over  6,  7  and  8  H.P.  engines,  and  was  only  defeated  by  a  much  larger  powered  boat. 
There  were  13  starters,  and  it  was  a  great  pleasure  to  "trim  the  bunch."  The 
natives  here  have  no  trouble  whatever  with  Ferro  Engines.  No  other  engine,  and 
we  have  a  host  of  them,  approaches  the  Ferro  in  simplicity  and  good  results  in  op- 
eration," he  is  repeating  the  praise  of  thousands  of  Ferro  owners  in  America.  The 
15,000  Ferros  in  use  are  the  result  of  the  mechanical  perfection  of  the  engine.  You 
will  be  enthusiastic  if  you  run  a  Ferro. 


Ferro 

Marine  Engines 

Made  in  1,  2  and  3  cylinders  from  3  to  25  H.P. 
Jump  Spark  Ignition 
1  and  2  cylinders,  4  to  15  H.P.    Make  and  Break 
Ignition.    Just  the  engine  for  any  boat 
for  work  or  pleasure  3  bj. 

Attractive  Prices — Best  Quality 


2  CYLINDER  FERRO  ENGINE  WITH 
FERRO  REVERSE  LEAR 


Offset  Cylinder— 

An  improvement  found  U 
in  the  highest  priced 
automobile  motors  and 
Ferro  engines.  Force 
of  explosion  exerts  all 
turning  force  on 
Crankshaft.  Gives 
greater  power  e  f  f  i  - 
ciency,  reduces  and 
equalizes  side  thrusts 
of  piston  on  cylinder 
walls.  Eliminates  "knock"  which 
loosens  parts. 


Ferro  Engine  Embodies 
Most  Advanced  Improvements 

Counter  Balanced  Crankshaft. 
Successful  Cooling  System  for  any 
climate. 

Positive  Pressure  Oiling  System 

Ffhcient  Ignition — Jump  Spark  and 

Make  and  Break. 

Accessibility  of  Working  Parts. 

All  Paits  Interchangeable. 

And  others  too  lengthy  to  mention. 


SPECIAL— 5, ooo  3  H.P.  FERROS  AT  A  VERY  LOW  PRICE.  Good  as 
money  can  build  All  improvements  of  standard  Ferros,  quantity  brir  gs 
down  the  price.    Just  the  thin?  for  launch,  canoe,  dingey  or  auxiliary  jacht. 

Leading"  Boat  Builders  use  Ferro  engines.  They  must  be  good  Ask  any 
of  the  following  :  W.  H.  Mullins  Co.,  Salem,  Ohio.  Pioneer  Boat  &  Pattern 
Co.,  Bay  City,  Mich.  H.  E.  Gidley  &  Co.,  Penetang,  Ont.  Gilbert  Boat 
Co.,  Brockville,  Ont.  Rice  Lake  Canoe  Co..  Gore's  Landing,  Ont.  Nova 
Scotia  Motor  Boat  Co. ,  Halifax,  N.S.  J.  W  Stone  Boat  Mfg.  Co.,Kenora, 
Ont.  Wm.  English  Canoe  Co.,  Peteiboro,  Ont.  Jas.  Conley&  Son,  West- 
port,  Ont.    B  C.  Boat  &  Engine  Co.,  Vancouvpr,  B.C. 

A  Practical  Treatise  covering  design,  construction,  installation  and  opera- 
tion of  marine  motors  sold  for  half  the  cost— 25  cents..  9x12  inches  in  size, 
250  illustrations  and  diagrams.  72  pages  For  the  man  who  is  not  an  expert 
mechanic.    Full  «"»f  helpful  information  for  everv  boat  owner. 

Free  Catalogue  describing  all  1909  models  upon  request.    Write  for  it. 
Remember  our  New  York  Office,  44  Cortlandt  Street  (second  floor) 
A  large  stock  of  eng;nes.    Experts  in  charge. 

The  Ferro  Machine  &  Foundry  Company 


Largest  Marine  Engine  Builders  in  the  World 


Main  Offices 


816  Superior  St.,  Cleveland,  O. 


Ask  the  following  Distri- 
butors for  Information 
and  a  Demonstration  : — 

A.  R.  Williams  Machinery 
Co  ,  Ltd.,  Toronto,  Ont. 

Winnipeg 

Western  Engine  &  Supplv 

Co.,  Vancouver,  B.C. 

Hinton  Electric  Cc, 

i£*  Victoria,  B.C. 

L.'M.  Trask  Co., 

St.  John,  N.B. 

J.  H.  Morrow, 

Brighton,  Ont. 

I.  L.  Lafleur,  Limited, 

Montreal,  Que. 

International  Harvester  Co., 
Ottawa,  Ont. 

Turnbull  Electrical  Mfg. 

Co. ,  Kingston,  Ont. 

H.  E.  Gidley  &  Co. 

Penetang,  Ont. 

Quebec  Automobile  & 

Launch  Co.,  Quebec,  Que. 


Biggest  value  in  reverse  gear 
on  the  market.  Ferro  Gear 
gives  positive  control  and  a 
neutral  point  where  engine 
runs  free.    Get  a  catalog. 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


11 


John  Leckie,  Limited 

(NEW  ADDRESS) 

77  Wellington  St.  W.,  Toronto 


Headquarters  for  Camping  Outfits 


Tents 

Oiled  Clothing 
Cotton  Duck 


Flags 
Cordage 
Compasses 
Yacht  and  Boat  Fittings 
Brass  Launch  Fittings 


Sails 

Life  Preservers 
Ship's  Lights 


rolled  steeJ,  locked  seamed,  concealed 
rivetted  steel  boat;.  Don'l  confound  tltcjo 
io.it*  wlih  cKt-i|>  stamped  slccl  boats  \*\\'n  exposed  rivets 
nd  lapprd^iceoi*.  ,  1(  you  arc  in  doubt  as  to  the  strength 
f  Michigan  "Sled  Boat*,  write-ui  for  testimonials  re- 
eived  unsolicited  from  livery  men  who  have  used 
our  boats,  and  sample  'A  our  lock  seam  tvhich  will  speed- 
ily  convince  you  that  wc  ba\c  the  staunches!  boat  made 


14  FOOT  "B"  ROW  BOAT,  I  RR.  OARS,  Complete,  S28.80 


16-foot  Launch 
$96.00 

18,  21  and  25-Foot  at 
Proportionate  Prices 


Al!  Launches  fitted  with 
Detroit  Two-Cycle  Rever- 
sible  Engine.  Starts  with- 
out  cranking--has  positive 
speed  control,  only  three 
moving  parts  piston,  con- 
necting rod  and  crank 
shaft.    White  bronze  bear- 


Ings,  piston  and  crank 
shaft  ground  and  polished, 
drop  forged  steel  crank 
shaft,  centrifugal  ring  oiler 
on  crank  pins,  exhaust 
water-jacketed  and  water- 
cooled  Muffler.  Fuel  In- 
jector burns  gasoline,  ker- 
osene, coal  oil  or  alcohol. 


Over  40 
Different  Styles 

to  choose  from. 
ON  HAND  AND  READY 
TO  SHIP 


ROWBOATS,   $20.00   AND  UPWARDS 

Wc  are  the  largest  manufacturers  of  Pleasure  Boats  in  the  world  and  carry  in  stock  several  thousands  of  each  style  boats  so  that  orders  can  be 
filled  the  day  they  are  received  if»nocessary.  Every  boat  and  engine  guaranteed  and  thoroughly  tested  before  shipment,  insuring  a  perfect  work- 
ing outfit.  MICHIGAN  STEEL  BOATS  need  no  boat  house,  can  be  left  out  on  the  beach  for  months  at  a  time  and  when  put  back  in  the  water  are 
perfectly  "water-tight,  as  they  don't  crack,  check  or  rot  and  are  impervious  to  the  effects  of  the  weather.  One  Boat  Livery  has  125  of  our  Special 
Livery  B  I  I -foot  square  stern  rowboats  in  use.  They  are  money  makers  and  a  source  of  comfort  and  pleasure  to  all  who  use  them 
pel  with  one-third  less  power  than  other  boats  of  the  same 
respect.  Send  for  EREE  CATALOG  and  description  of  the 
The  only  boat  that  ever  successfully  completed  this  trip. 

WRITE  US  FOR  LIST  OF  USERS  OF  OUR  PATENT  STEEL  BOATS 

MICHIGAN  STEEL  BOAT  COMPANY;™™^  ave  Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A. 


ip  taken  in  a  Michigan  Steel  Boa'-  thr 


hey  pro- 
orthy,  longer  lived  and  belter  in 
gh  the  Canyons  of  Colorado  and  A 


12 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


ROSS  CANOES 


Now  is  the  time  to  buy  a  canoe  and  the  canoe  to  buy  is  a  Ross 
Canoe.  When  you  purchase  from  us  you  get  the  benefit  of  years  of 
experience,  and  the  very  best  material  and  workmanship,  stability 
and  strength  have  been  given  careful  consideration  in  the  construc- 
tion of  these  canoes.  They  are  graceful  in  design,  easy  to  paddle, 
light  and  durable — the  ideal  canoe. 

SEND  FOR  CATALOG 

The  J.  H.  Ross  Boat  &  Canoe  Co. 

ORILUA,  ONTARIO 


The  U=B  Spin=fly  is  the  most 
attractive  and  effective  spinning  bait 
ever  invented.  Life-like  in  appearance 
and  closely  resembles  a  fly  or  bug  strug- 
ling  in  the  water.  Weed-proof.  Above 
cut  about  half  actual  size.  Price  25c 


Two  Popular 
U-B  Specialties 

THE  U-B  LIVE  FROG  HAR- 
NESS holds  the  frog  without 
hooking  and  keeps  it  alive. 
THE  U-B  SPIN-FLY  is  made 
with  blue,  white  and  red  wings 
and  colored  beads.  Leading 
dealers  or  by  mail  postpaid. 

UnKef  er  6  Bradley 

MANUFACTURERS 

91  Dearborn  St.  CHICAGO 


U=B  Live  Frog  Harness 


ONE  THIRD  ACTUAL  SIZE 

Price  35c 


The  Capital  Boat  and  Canoe  Works  Street  O  t  t  3  W 

Builders  of  fast  Gasoline  Launches,  Motor  Canoes,  Skiffs  and  Paddling  Canoes. 


a  First-Class  Motor  Canoe  20  ft.  x  34  in.,  Two  Cycle  Motor,  Complete  for  $150.00 
Speed  12  to  14  miles  per  hour.  Write  for  Catalogue. 

When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


13 


Sit  on  the  Edge 


-it  Cannot  Upset; 
Fill  it  With  Water  it  Cannot 


Sink 


Patent  Air  Chambers  on  sides  of 
Chestnut  Sponeon  Canoe,  like  life 
boats,  prevents  it  from  upsetting. 
Sit  on  its  side—it  won't  upset;  fill 
It  with  water — it  cannot  sink.  Air 
Chambers  are  built  on  outside  of 


The  entire  framework  is  covered 
with  one  seamless  sheet  of  Chest- 
nut specially-woven  Canvas.  This 
Canvas  is  thoroughly  coated  with  a 
special  preparation,  which  fills  up 
every  pore  in  the  Canvas,  and  drieu 


Chestnut  Sponson  Canoe 


Canoe,  do  not  touch  water,  and 
therefore  4o  not  interfere  with 
speed. 

Chestnut  Sponson  Canoes  are  far 
lighter  than  any  other  Canoe  of 
equal  si<se — speedy,  easy  to  paddle, 
comfortable  and  safe — an  'deal 
pleasure  craft. 

The  lining  and  wide    ribs  are 
staunchly  made   of   finest  perfect 
Cedar.    Ribs  are  placed  closely  to- 
gether, insuring  enormous  strength 


as  hard  as  flint.  No  fear  of  leakage 
— weather  variations  cannot  effect 
it.  It  cannot  crack,  cake  or  dry 
out.  Chestnut  Sponson  or  Pleasure 
Canoes  are  smoothly  and  hand- 
somely finished.  Plenty  of  room, 
comfort,  speed  and  cleanliness. 

n?P"T*  °ur  handsomely  lllus- 
X  1N.I_.I-.  t  r  a  t  e  d  descriptive 
Booklet  shows  many  models — it's 
free — drop  us  a  card  by  next  mail. 


Chestnut  Canoe  Co.,  Ltd.,  Fredericton,  N.B.,  Box  445 


"PETERBOROUGH" 

Canoes,  Skiffs  and  Launches 

It  is  time  to  think  of  BOATING.    If  you  want  to  own  the 

Neatest, 
Easiest  Running 
and 

Most  Reliable  Boat 

on  the  water  this  spring  get  a  "PETERBOROUGH."  The 
rush  is  on.    Order  early. 


Write  for 
Catalogues  of 
Canoes  or 
Launches. 


PETERBOROUGH  CANOE  CO.,  LIMITED 

PETERBOROUGH,  ONTARIO,  CANADA 


14 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Engine  shown  is  Regular  Type  4-cylinder,  built  in  10, 
r5>  20>  *3°  and  40  H  P.  sizes. 


"Personification  of  Completeness 
in  Progressive  Marine  Engine 
Construction." 


This  is  the  comment  of  a  prominent 
boating  authority  after  looking  over  the 
"BUFFALO"  1909  line,  which  now  includes 
engines  for  any  type  of  boat  for  any  class 
of  work. 

Regular  Type  Medium  Weight  Engines- 
Sizes,  2  to  100  H.P. ,  2  to  6  cylinder. 

Slow  Speed  Heavy  Duty  Type— Sizes,  4  to 
54  H  P.,  1  to  6  cylinder. 

High  Speed  Light  Weight  Type— Sizes,  50 
and  75  H  P.,  4  and  6  cylinder. 


Important  and  distinct  improvements,  both  in  construe  t:on  and  equipment  and  "BUFFALO  QUALITY" 
throughout,  which  means  highest  grade  in  every  detail  of  workmanship  and  material,  go  to  make  our  1909  Models 
world  beaters. 

1909  Catalogue,  giving  full  information,  sent  free  on  request.  INVESTIGATION  NOW  MAY  SAVE 
YOU  REGRET  LATFR 

BUFFALO  GASOLENE  MOTOR  CO. 

1218-1230  NIAGARA  STREET,  BUFFALO.  N.Y. 


IN  4  COLORS— 

White  with  Black. 
Black  with  Olive. 

Size  0,  l^c  per  yard. 
Size  lfc  per  yard. 
Size  1,  2c  per  yard. 


\i  Silk  Fish  Line 


Made  on  latest  im- 
proved machinery. 
Absolutely  pure, 
strength  guaranteed, 
the  strongest  and 
lightest  line  made. 

Black  with  White. 
Black  with  Brown. 

Size  2,  2^c  per  yard. 
Size  3,  3c  per  yard. 
Size  4,  3|c  per  yard. 


Patent  Waxed  Lines 

Guaranteed  not  to  absorb  water, 
Superior  Line  for  Casting. 
Size  0,  2\  cents  per  yai  d. 
Size  h,  2|  cents  per  yard. 
Size  1,  0  cents  per  yard. 
Size  2,  3£  cents  per  yard. 

Casting  Line— Size  00,  1|  cents  per  yard. 

Put  up  on  cards,  25,  50,  75  and 

For  Sale  By 

A.  E.  BREGENT, 

192  St  Catherine  St  E  ,  Montreal 


Enamelled  Lines 

Not  a  union  line,  but  the  best  silk. 

ENAMELLED  BY  HAND. 

Size     3f  cents  per  yard. 
Size  1,  4  cents  per  yard. 
Size  2,  4 J  cents  per  yard. 
Size  3,  5  cents  per  yard. 
Size  4,  5f  cents  per  yard. 

Size  0,  1^  cents  per  yaid. 

100  yards  continuous  lengths. 


ART  ROSS  &  CO., 

474  St  Catherine  St  W-,  Montreal 


When  writing  Advertisers  kindly  mention  Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


15 


Patented  1908  Unbreakable  Silk  Bound  Rod 

THE  GREATEST  NOVELTY  IN  FISHING  RODS 

Silk  bound,  waterproof,  Split  Cane  Rod  in  Trout  and  Bass.  Strongest  rod  in  the  world.  Every  dealer  andfisht  rman 
should  see  thisiod.  Price  is  most  reasonable  and  within  the  reach  of  all.  Made  cnly  by  us  in  our  factory  at  Toronto. 

Jhe  AHcock,  Laight  <S-  Westvtood  Co.,  Limited 

78  Bay  Street,  Toronto,  Ontario,  Canada 


MASKANONGE 

Caught  by  Benjamin  Westwood,  October  20th,  1908,  on  the  Trent  River,  with  West- 
wood's  Patent  Unbreakable  Silk  Bound  8oz.  Bass  Rod  and  Hercules  Silk  Line  No.  E.  with 
Live  Minnow. 


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in  equipment.    Compcn-.ates  perfectly 
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2  h.p.,  2 1  •  h.  p.,  3h. 
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water  proof  ignition 
em.    suited   for   fresh  or 
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Piston  pin  of  hard  steel 
and    turning    in  hard 
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2000  of  an  inch.  'Connecting  rod  of  selected  steel  (I-beam  sec 
f   tion)  and  adjustable  for  wear.    Centrifugal  ring  oiler  on  crank 
pin.    Piston  and  c> Under  oiled  by  separate  lubricator.    Marine  engi 
fitted  with  flat  bed  flanges  on  sides  of  crank  case  and  instructions  tell 
to  place  in  boat  (anyone  can  do  it).  Stationary  engines  mounted  on  skids. 


REVERSIBLE  GOVERNING 
STATIONARY  ENGINE 

Starts  without  cranking.    Sizes  2  h.  p.  I 
8  h.  p.,  complete  outfit,  mounted  on  skids 
all  ready  to  run.    Speed  controlling  lever 
starts,  reverses  and  stops  motor.  B 
gasolene  or  coal  oil  (kerosene). 


> "-Cylinder  Engines  in  sizes  front  8 

p.  tO  20  h.  p.  Float  Feed  Car- 
burator,  special  ■  commutatoi 


;dyf  Absolutely  no  vibration.  Positive  ci'culatina 
■P  '  Perfect  speed  control.     Simple,  Reliable. 


We*  desire  an  Agent  Demonstrator  in  every 
community.   Special  wholesale  price  on  first 
I  outfit  sold.   Write  for  full  information. 
Write  For  Freer  Catalog,  to 

Dept.  A,     Marine  Engines         Dept,  B,  Stationary  Engines 
|  Dept  C,    Marine  Reverse         Dept.  F.  Launch  Hardware 
'        Gears  and  Boat  Fittings 

I  DETROIT  ENGINE  WORKS 

I360  JEFFERSON  AVENUE 

DETROIT,  MICHIGAN,  U.  S.  A. 


With  a  Detroit  Stationary  Engine  jou  can 
save  the  hired  man's  wages.  It  will 
run  a  pump,  a  lighting  dynamo,  a  washing1 
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"'ng  press,  ensilage 
feed  mill,  a  com 
heller.  It  will  light 
your  house  with 


Electricity  and 
less  kerosene  than  a  lamp. 


16 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


HOW  ABOUT  A 


New  Engine  for  Your  Boat? 


We  make  them  all  sizes  from  7  ^ 
to  60  H.P.    This  little  one  is  our  8 

H.  P.  Special  for  1909.  We  guarantee 
it  to  deliver  8  Brake  H.P.  at  800  re- 
volutions and  it  can  be  run  up  to 

I,  100  or  i, 200  with  a  proportionate 
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Perfectly  Simple 
Simply  Perfect 

Ask  about  our  6  cylinder  light 
racing  engine, 

Ask  the  man  who  owns  one. 


This  is  one  of  our  4  cylinder,  30  H.  P.  engines.  The  first  4  cylinder  engine  ol  this 
type  we  built  was  installed  in  our  fast  boat,  "Miss  Fidgety,"  which,  although  not  intended  for 
a  speed  boat,  and  weighing  3,000  lbs.,  attained  a  speed  of  21 K  miles  an  hour.  This  engine  has 
been  in  hard  use  for  three  years.  It  has  never  been*  taken  down  nor  has  it  had  a  single  piston  removed  from 
the  cylinders  during  the  three  years  of  its  life.  We  have  not  spent  ten  cents  in  repairs  to  this  engine  since  it 
was  put  together.  We  can  today,  turning  the  fly  wheel  by  hand,  show  60  lbs.  of  compression  in  her 
cylinders,  which  was  all  we  could  do  the  first  day  she  was  made. 

We  build  boats  to  order  and  test  them  under  any  reasonable  conditions.  There  is  no  cranking 
with  our  engines,  all  that  is  done  in  the  shop  while  the  engine  is  being  built.  We  insure  you  against  repair 
bills.    Send  for  catalogue. 

SCHOFIELD-HOLDEIN  MACHINE  CO.,  LTD. 

14  Court  Street  and  2  Carlaw  Avenue,  TORONTO;  ONT. 


When  writing  Advertisers  Mindly  mention  Bod  and  Gun  in  Canada. 


VOL.  X  I. 


No.  2 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 

The  contents  of  this  magazine  are  copyrighted  and  must  not  he  reprinted  without  permission. 


Contents  for  July,  1909 

Big  Game  Shooting  in  the  Yukon  Territory  C.  G.  Cowan  103 

To  An  Arrow  Head    Rev.  A.  L.  Eraser  114 

The  Wary,  Ganiey  Maskinonge  M.  TV.  G.  Purser  115 

A  Visit  to  Bowen  Island,  B.  C  P.E.  Buclce  119 

Revisiting  the  Old  Farm  Home   Rev.  TV.  A.  Bradley,  B.A.  122 

A  Good  Fall  for  Hares    Reginald  Gourlay  123 

Conservation  of  Our  Natural  .Resources: 

Economic  Value  of  Game  Fish  and  Other  Game   Thomas  Ritchie  12G 

Aspiration    Charming  Gordon  Lawrence  127 

Experiences  with  Moose  Nimrod  12  S 

How  I  Caught  a  Big  Salmon  Trout  Master  Talman  TV.  Van  Arsdale  129 

Can  a  Fox  Climb  a  Tree?   Capt.  Gordon  Boles  130 

Dawn:  Day:   Twilight:   Night   ...  F.  E.  Donohue  131 

The  Fox  Thief  Harold  B.  Whidden  132 

The  Voice  of  the  Untrod  Trail   Walter  L.  Thurtell  133 

Pish  and  Game  Protection  in  Nova  Scotia  Henry  O'Leary  134 

A  Sporting  Trip  in  the  Canuck:   Good  Shooting  Near  Vancouver.  .  .R.  K.  Scarlett  135 

A  Paradise  for  Anglers  Miss  Lottie  Macniven  139 

A  Long  Distance  Operation  R.  Manley  Orr  143 

An  Adventure  With  a  Bear   A.  C.  Vaughan  144 

Fishing  vVith  a  ' '  Dead  One  " :   A  Short  Story  of  a  Trip  to  Manitoulin 

Island  Dr.  TVycliffe  Marshall  145 

A  Successful  Fishing  Trip  in  Good  Old  Nova  Scotia  Stanley  TV.  McCulloch,  152 

How  to  Hunt  and  Avoid  Moose  G.  H.  H.  Nase  150 

The  Basset  Hound  for  Sport  Richard  Clapham  159 

A  Famous  Gun  Borer    102 

Physical  Culture:    Weight  Lifting  vs.  Light  Bell  Exercises — High 

Mmdedness  F.  F.  Dorchester  103 

A  Fine  Freak  Deer  Head   165 

Game  Law  Amendments: 

Nova  Scotia — New  Brunswick — Manitoba — British  Columbia   160 

A  Fighting  Babbit    170 

Alpine  Club  Notes    171 

The  Song  of  the  Winchester    173 

The  Story  of  the  Stevens'  Productions    174 

Our  Medicine  Bag    170 

The  Trap     188 

The  Pifle  .  .  .'   194 


When  Sending  Change  of  Address  Subscribers  are  Requested  to  GiOe  the  Old 
Address  as  Well  as  the  Nen>. 

Communications  on  all  topics  pertaining  to  fishing,  shooting,  canoeing,  yachting,  the  kennel,  amateur 
photography  and  trapshooting  will  be  welcomed  and  published  if  possible.  All  communications  must  be 
accompanied  by  the  name  of  the  writer,  not  necessarily  for  publication,  however. 

Rod  and  Gun  in  Canada  does  not  assume  any  responsibility  for,  or  necessarily  endorse,  any  views  ex- 
pressed by  contributors  to  its  columns.  W.  J.  TAYLOR,  Publisher,  Woodstock,  Ont. 
BRANCH  OFFICES:    5  King  St.  W.,  Toronto,  Ont.  Herald  Building,  Montreal,  Que. 

Outer  Temple,  223-225  Strand,  London,  W.  C,  Eng.  5  Beekman  St.,  Temple  Court,  New  York,  N.Y. 
Entered  Feb.  17,  1908,  at  the  Post  Office  at  Buffalo,  N.Y.,  as  second-class  matter  under  Act  of  March  3,1908 


Price  15c  a  Number,  $1,00  a  Year;   U.  S.  Postage  50c  Additional;   Foreign  Postage,  75c  Additional. 


THE  CHIEF 


ROD  and  GUN 

IN  CANADA 


VOL.  II  JULY,  1909 

Big  Game  Shooting  in  the  Yukon  Territory 


NO.  2 


BY  C.  G.  COWAN. 


DURING  the  last  few  years,  since 
that  eventful  rush  to  the  Klondike, 
a  great  change  has  come  over  a 
portion  of  the  Yukon  Territory :  a 
change  which  has  made  accessible  to  the 
traveller  and  sportsman  vast  stretches  of 
the  country,  which  could  formerly  only 
be  reached  by  canoe,  or  at  a  foot's  pace, 
packing  everything  on  one's  back,  always 
amid  difficulty  and  never  wholly  without 
danger.  At  present  we  have  an  uninter- 
rupted service  of  steamers  equipped  with 
every  modern  facility  for  comfort  and  con- 
venience, and  one  of  the  most  wonderful 
railways  in  the  world  (The  White  Pass 
&  Yukon  Railway)  running  a  good  train 
daily  into  the  very  heart  of  this  myster- 
ious country. 

On  the  banks  of  the  Yukon,  a  stream 
navigable  for  steamers  two  thousand  four 
hundred  miles,  one  can  hardly  expect  at 
this  stage  to  find  great  herds  of  cariboo 
disporting  themselves,  with  placid  assur- 
ance, watching  the  steamers  go  by.  '  No ! 
that  day  is  over.  To  hunt  big  game  suc- 
cessfully in  the  Yukon  Territory  at  the 
present  time,  one  has  to  ascend  some  of 
the  many  tributaries  of  the  Yukon,  to 
leave  steamer  track,  and  turn  up  either 
the  Hootalingua,  the  Stewart,  the  White, 
the  Pelly  or  McMillan  rivers.  The  head- 
waters of  the  latter  stream  are  perhaps 
the  best  grounds  for  the  hunter  —  at  all 
events,  they  are  easily  ascended  by  canoe 
—  and  it  is  quite  possible  to  reach  fair 
sport  by  small  steamer. 

In  the  fall  of  last  year  a  friend  of  mine 
whom  I  shall  call  E.,  for  short,  P.,  mv 


British  Columbia  ranch  partner,  and  my- 
self, left  Fort  Selkirk  on  the  Yukon  about 
the  middle  of  August  and  made  our  way 
up  the  Pelly  river  and  into  the  McMillan 
waters,  with  two  canoes  and  four  In- 


The  Steamer  Caska  on  Which  We  Came  up  the  Yukon. 

dians.  It  was  easy  tracking  and  we  made 
good  time  getting  up  the  river.  We  car- 
ried no  luxuries  —  such  things  are  out 
of  place  in  the  mountains,  and  I  cannot 
ever  bring  myself  to  ask  Indians  to  pack 
them.  A  good  supply  of  flour,  bacon, 
beans,  tea,  sugar  and  evaporated  fruits, 
such  as  apricots  and  apples,  a  little  rice 
for  the  soup,  and  plenty  of  salt,  was  tak- 
en. The  Indians,  who  were  to  do  the 
bulk  of  the  packing,  watched  us  put  the 
outfit  together  at  the  store  we  purchased 
it  from,  and  I  feel  sure  had  they  seen  su- 
perfluities and  needless  luxuries  going 
with  us,  they  would  have  backed  out  of 
their  bargain  and  left  us  to  carry  our  own 
packs. 


104 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Far  up  in  the  mountains  it  is  undoubt- 
edly a  hardship  to  lie  night  after  night 
without  a  tent,  under  a  conifer  shelter, 
that  leaks  like  a  sieve,  when  a  silk  tent 
may  be  added  to  your  pack  without  mak- 
ing a  difference  to  its  weight  of  more 
than  three  or  four  pounds  and  at  a  cost 
of  about  thirty-five  dollars.  We  had 
these  and  found  them  most  satisfactory. 
Other  indispensable  camp  articles  are  the 
cooking  utensils.  The  ordinary  hunter 
does  with  one  or  two  frying  pans,  which 
cook  his  meat  and  make  his  bread ;  two 
or  three  kettles  which  fit  one  inside  the 
other ;  a  tin  pail  of  some  sort  for  carry- 


country  with  the  specimens  for  which  he 
entered  it. 

Above  all  things,  one  should  consider 
his  Indians.  To  get  on  well  with  them  I 
find  it  a  good  plan  to  converse  with  them 
as  one  friend  would  with  another  —  to 
make  much  of  them,  to  respect  them  for 
their  knowledge  of  the  country,  and  al- 
ways consider  them  as  members  of  the 
party,  never  forgetting  what  wonderful 
packers  they  are,  and  how  cheerfully  they 
undertake  their  work.  Our  Indians  on 
this  trip  carried  from  eighty  to  one  hun- 
dred pounds,  and  we  had  some  long  days 
"packing,"  still  I  never  heard  a  grumble 


Cariboo. 


ing  water,  and  an  enamelled-ware  pan 
which  can  be  used  for  kneading  bread  in, 
as  a  wash  basin,  and  for  washing  the 
dishes  in.  Cups  and  plates  should  be  of 
enamelled  ware,  knives  and  forks  rough 
and  strong  and  of  light  material,  and  in 
fact  everything  taken  should  have  the 
advantage  of  being  light,  yet  durable.  It 
is  generally  conceded  that  the  success  of 
one's  trip  depends  greatly  on  the  outfit 
one  takes,  that  is,  when  packing  has  to  be 
done  on  one's  back.  The  Indians  will 
not  carry  needless  loads,  and  the  hunter 
who  may  insist  on  them  doing  so  is  an 
extremely  lucky  man  if  he  leaves  the 


or  a  swear  word  from  one  of  them.  Do 
not  for  one  moment  imagine  they  are 
devoid  of  all  sense  of  gratitude  or  unable 
to  understand  a  white  man  being  kind  to 
them.  I  have  known  them,  various  tribes 
of  them,  and  have  had  many  dealings  with 
them  for  over  twenty  years,  and  have  al- 
ways found  it  to  my  interests  to  treat 
them  kindly. 

I  will  skip  over  the  journey  up  the 
rivers.  It  is  enough  to  mention  we  ac- 
complished it  without  mishap  and  arrived 
at  a  point  on  the  McMillan  river,  eight 
days  from  Fort  Selkirk.  •  Here  we'  made 
a  substantial  "cache"  of  severa4  things  not 


BIG  GAME  SHOOTING  IN  THE  YUKON  TERRITORY 


105 


required  for  the  present,  and  at  once  com- 
menced our  tramp,  heavily  loaded,  toward 
the  Kalsas  Mountains.  Our  journey 
from  the  river  to  the  mountains  was  any- 
thing but  a  pleasant  one,  as  it  rained  in- 
cessantly, and  the  undergrowth  and  fallen 
timber  through  which,  and  across  which, 
we  travelled  for  two  days,  was  so  dense 
and  thick,  to  penetrate  it  without  catch- 
ing every  drop  of  moisture  it  contained 
was  an  utter  impossibility.  However, 
this  could  not  last  long.  Our  Indians  in 
the  lead  moved  at  a  great  pace,  and  on 
the  evening  of  the  tenth  day  from  the 
Yukon,  to  the  joy  of  everyone,  we  found 


dense  to  hunt  successfully  through,  al- 
though they  undoubtedly  formed  the  best 
moose  grounds  I  have  seen  outside  of 
Kenai  Peninsula,  Alaska.  A  climb  of 
some  hundreds  of  feet  brought  us  up  on  to 
a  large  bald  mountain,  its  level  top 
stretching  far  away  to  the  north.  Here 
was  our  Cariboo  range,  and  it  was  an 
easy  matter  with  a  glance  through  the 
field  glasses  to  sweep  the  whole  country 
and  determine  at  once  as  to  whether  game 
was  there  or  not.  As  far  as  we  could 
judge  by  our  first  day's  reconnoitre,  our 
guide  had  placed  us  in  a  central  position. 
Below   us   we   had   magnificent  moose 


Moose  Shot  by  Author. 


ourselves  in  the  mountains  in  a  snug  camp 
well  protected  from  all  winds,  about  three 
thousand  feet  above  the  level  of  the  river. 
Close  by  our  camp  a  creek  of  clear  icy 
water,  with  many  waterfalls,  tumbled 
downward  over  many  huge  boulders, 
keeping  up  a  perpetual  muffled  roar, 
which  at  night  became  decidedly  unpleas- 
ant and  most  disturbing  the  more  you  lis- 
tened to  it.  All  the  country  round  was 
very  broken  and  cut  up  by  ravines  from 
the  mountains  directly  above  our  camp 
and  other  high  mountains  overlooking  us. 
In  these  ravines  willows  and  little  poplars 
grew  luxuriantly,  and  were  perhaps  too 


grounds,  above  the  open  -cariboo  range 
already  mentioned. 

The  pitching  of  the  first  camp  is  always 
a  matter  of  great  importance,  especially 
when  one  has  to  carry  everything  on  the 
back,  and  experience  has  taught  me  that 
the  Indians  make  few  mistakes  on  this 
score,  and  that  it  is  often  wise  to  give 
way  to  them  in  the  matter. 

September  the  first  was  the  opening 
day  of  our  shooting  and  we  addressed 
ourselves  to  it  in  real  earnest.  We  rose 
early,  before  the  sun,  and  were  not  sorry 
to  see  a  thin  covering  of  snow  over  the 
ground.      After   breakfast   our  Indians 


106 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


held  a  somewhat  lengthy  consultation, 
then  E.'s  guide,  who  was  called  Simon, 
joined  E.  at  his  tent,  gathered  up  his  lit- 
tle pack  and  started  up  the  mountains,  fol- 
lowed by  E.,  myself  and  Bain,  my  guide. 
The  other  two  Indians,  that  helped  us 
up  the  river,  and  with  the  packs,  as  far 
as  this  camp,  returned  that  day,  making 
the  journey  down  the  stream  on  a  raft. 
We  furnished  them  with  the  necessary 
supplies  for  their  homeward  journey.  P. 
remained  in  camp.  This  was  the  first 
day's  hunt  for  E.  or  myself  since  the  pre- 
vious year,  and  it  is  quite  impossible 
to  convey  in  words  the  real  state  of  our 
feelings.  We  were  both  keen  as  mustard, 
full  of  enthusiasm,  and  had  hardly  left 
the  camp  out  of  sight,  when  there  sudden- 
ly appeared  before  us  a  huge  grizzly  bear, 
alas !  only  for  a  second,  allowing  no  time 
for  a  shot.  We  ran  to  the  knoll  he  dis- 
appeared over,  cautiously  approached  the 
top,  and  saw  below  us  some  seventy  or 
eighty  yards  away  a  thick  covering  of 
scrub  and  bush.  Into  this  the  bear  must 
have  plunged,  for  we  never  got  sight  of 
him  again. 

Away  across  the  bushy  slope  we  do, 
however,  pick  up  the  movements  of  three 
cariboo  —  a  bull,  a  cow  and  her  calf  —  a 
most  welcome  sight  after  the  disappoint- 
ment bruin  has  caused  us,  a  most  welcome 
sight  after  ten  days'  diet  of  beans  and 
bacon.  Fresh  meat  at  present  looks  even 
better  to  us  than  the  wavy  coat  of  the 
grizzly.  Our  plans  are  quickly  laid.  E. 
takes  one  route  while  I  go  another.  As 
I  get  nearer  the  animals,  they  become 
fidgetty,  evidently  awake  to  some  keen 
sense  of  danger.  Thinking  they  may 
have  winded  me  I  sit  down  for  a  moment 
•and  watch  them  through  my  glasses,  won- 
dering at  the  same  time  what  it  is  that 
excited  their  curiosity;  perhaps  it  is  E. 
and  his  Indians.  Certainly  something 
has  alarmed  them.  Moving  slowly  along 
under  good  cover  I  reached  a  thick  scrub 
bush  and  peered  for  some  time  through 
this  waiting  for  the  bull  to  move  a  little 
nearer.  From  time  to  time  I  notice  the 
cow  flop  her  large  but  shapely  and  sensi- 
tive ears  backwards  and  forwards,  exam- 
ining closely  a  clump  of  conifers  some  one 
hundred  yards  to  her  right;   then  they 


trot  forward  a  little,  stand  and  look  ner- 
vously about  them,  all  of  them  gazing 
intently  towards  the  conifers  on  their 
right.  Then  the  report  of  E.'s  rifle  reach- 
ed me ;  the  thud  of  the  bullet  and  the 
tremendous  bound  of  the  bull  in  the  air 
told  me  his  shot  had  gone  home. 

The  cariboo  sank,  almost  to  the  ground, 
recovered  himself  and  struck  off  up  the 
slope,  following  the  line  of  the  cow. 
''Ping!"  went  E.'s  rifle  again  and  down 
came  the  bull.  The  cow  and  the  calf 
were  now  approaching  me.  I  had  my 
glasses  on  them  and  as  they  were  about 
to  pass  me  at  the  trot,  for  a  fraction  of  a 
second  we  looked  straight  into  each  oth- 
er's eyes,  then  as  if  by  magic,  she  wheeled, 
going  from  me  like  a  flash  of  lightning, 
holding  her  nose  high  and  well  forward 
and  her  short  horns  thrown  back  almost 
horizontally. 

W7e  then  returned  to  the  camp  with  the 
horns  of  the  bull  and  a  load  of  fresh  meat 
on  each  of  our  backs.  The  next  day  we 
were  out  again,  all  going  in  different  di- 
rections. The  morning  was  fine  and  the 
air  clear  and  bracing,  as  well  it  might  be, 
from  five  to  six  thousand  feet  above  the 
level  of  the  sea.  On  such  a  day  one  gets 
over  much  ground.  How  many  miles 
Bain  and  I  covered  it  would  be  difficult 
to  say.  We  left  camp  just  after  sunrise 
and  had  crossed  many  vast  stretches  of 
undulating  country,  broken  by  deep 
gorges,  climbed  several  high  mountains, 
and  were  just  about  to  turn  homewards, 
when  Bain  pointed  across  a  wide  valley 
to  a  mountain  some  five  or  six  miles  away 
and  said,  "Me  see  'em  thirty  and  forty 
cariboo."  At  this  interesting,  and  I  might 
say  unique,  spectacle  to  me,  I  looked  for 
some  time,  and  could  clearly  make  out 
some  big  animals  amongst  them,  although 
they  were  too  far  away  to  distinguish  or 
even  guess  at  the  size  of  their  horns.  We 
leave  them  for  another  day.  E.  returned 
into  camp  much  the  same  time  as  myself, 
just  before  the  sun  set.  Neither  of  us 
made  a  kill  today,  although  we  had  both 
seen  plenty  of  game  and  had  been  well 
rewarded  for  the  long  tramp  we  had 
made. 

In  the  morning  we  find  Nature  -in  one 
of  her  bad  moods ;  a  cold  misvt-rain.  a  wet 


BIG  GAME  SHOOTING  IN  THE  YUKON  TERRITORY 


107 


grey  fog  sweeps  over  us,  and  for  a  couple 
of  days  puts  an  end  to  the  hunting;  in 
fact,  blots  out  creation,  making  it  unpleas- 
ant and  unsafe  to  wander  or  grope  one's 
way  along  any  mountain  in  search  of 
game.  We  patch  moccasins,  we  cut  fire- 
wood, and  generally  improve  our  camp 
quarters,  keeping  a  roaring  log  fire  going 
all  day. 

On  the  fifth  E.  brings  a  beautiful  cari- 
boo head  into  camp  and  tells  us  he  had 
considerable  crawling  on  hands  and  knees 
to  get  near  enough  for  a  shot.  It  was  in 
the  open  and  evidently  carefully  watching 
all  points  of  the  compass,  still  E.'s  skill 
and  judgment  in  carrying  out  his  stalk 
brought  him  successfully  within  rifle 
range,  and  with  two  well-directed  shots 
he  killed  the  cariboo. 

The  next  day  was  a  red-letter  one  for 
me,  and  one  I  shall  not  easily  forget,  for 
Bain,  my  good  Indian,  nearly  killed  me 
hurrying  me  over  some  of  the  steepest  and 
roughest  hillsides.  We  had  told  E.  and 
P.  jokingly  before  separating  from  them 
that  moose  meat  would  be  on  the  menu 
for  supper,  and  sure  enough  it  was.  We 
had  been  out  from  camp  two  hours  when 
we  sat  down  on  a  bare  knoll  to  rest  and 
spy  about  us.  Bain  has  the  glasses  for 
some  time  and  I  begin  to  think  the  usual 
report  of  nothing  in  sight  was  coming 
from  his  lips,  when  suddenly  he  exclaim- 
ed, "Me  see  'em  big  moose.  You  see," 
at  the  same  time  handing  me  the  glasses 
and  pointing  in  the  direction  of  a  far-off 
skyline.  Beginning  at  the  bottom  of  the 
hill  I  searched  along  the  outline  until  I 
got  the  moose  in  the  focus  of  the  glasses, 
about  half-way  up  the  mountain.  Slowly 
and  awkwardly  he  seemed  to  move,  his 
great  white  horns  gleaming  at  times  in 
the  sunlight  and  his  massive  form  show- 
ing to  particular  advantage  against  the 
clear  blue  sky  in  the  distance.  It  was 
the  rutting  season,  and  as  he  moved  along 
I  could  imagine  I  heard  him  "talking." 
To  cut  him  off  before  he  reached  the  top 
of  the  mountain  would  be  no  easy  mat- 
ter, and  it  was  on  this  wild  run  down  the 
slope  of  the  mountain  we  were  on,  across 
a  wide  valley  with  a  deep  creek  in  the 
centre  to  ford,  and  up  the  steep  mossy 
slope  of  the  mountain  the  moose  was 


A  Fine  Cariboo  Head, 

climbing  that  Bain  nearly  "did  for  me." 
As  I  neared  the  top  I  fear  I  lost  my  tem- 
per, although  knowing  the  Indian  was 
hurrying  for  my  sake,  I  could  stand  it  no 
longer,  and  shouted  to  him  to  hold  on  — 
"what's  the  use  of  gaining  the  top  in  this 
'pumped'  state.  I  can't  shoot  straight 
now  ;  my  breath  has  gone  ;  let's  sit  down 
a  bit."  He  did  as  I  told  him,  but,  my! 
how  keen  he  was  to  be  up  and  off ! 

So  up  we  got  and  made  another  hun- 
dred yards  or  so,  when  We  had  to  keep 
low,  and  crawling  more  than  walking-,  we 
at  last  gained  the  summit  and  commanded 
a  fair  view  of  the  ground  before  us  and 
where  the  moose  must  be.  It  was  a 
bushy  hollow  on  top  of  the  mountain. 
Willows  and  little  poplars  grew  close  to- 
gether and  the  faded  leaves  were  still 
clinging  to  them.  Through  these  I 
peered  with  the  glasses  until  the  white 
horns  again  became  visible.  It  was  a 
grand  sight  and  through  the  glasses  they 
appeared  in  good  range,  but  when  I  pick- 
ed them  up  with  the  naked  eye  —  I  dare 
not  shoot;  the  range  was  too  far  and  the 


108 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


willows  too  thick,  so  we  remained  as  we 
were,  immoveable,  with  our  eyes  riveted 
on  the  moose,  a  moose  that  I  felt  sure  of 
killing.  For  some  time  we  watched  him, 
until  his  movements  toward  thicker  brush 
and  timber  caused  me  much  alarm  and 
made  me  act  promptly.  The  distance 
was  about  four  hundred  yards;  should  I 
go  down  into  the  thick  willows,  lose  sight 
of  him  for  a  time,  perhaps  forever,  and  de- 
pend upon  still  hunting  him  and  get  per- 
haps a  hasty  shot  within  a  few  yards  of 
him?  One  certainly  could  not  depend 
upon  more,  in  grounds  clad  and  encum- 
bered in  such  dense  undergrowth,  or 
should  I  shoot  from  where  I  knelt,  an 
excellent  position  of  great  vantage,  and 
keep  up  a  steady  fire  until  he  either 
dropped  or  disappeared  from  view? 

The  latter  course  appealed  most  to  me.  I 
sighted  my  .35  Winchester  at  three  hun- 
dred yards,  took  steady  aim  behind  his 
shoulder  and  pressed  the  trigger.  The 
thud  of  the  bullet  as  it  struck  him  and 
brought  him  down  for  a  moment,  came 
back  distinctly.  When  he  rose  I  fired 
again,  and  curious  to  say,  hit  him  much 
in  the  same  place  on  the  front  leg,  high 
up,  but  below  the  shoulder.  I  had  under- 
estimated the  distance  and  was  shooting 
low.  Again  I  fired  and  raked  his  stom- 
ach, letting  out  some  of  his  entrails.  With 
this  he  lay  down.  In  the  meantime  Bain 
whispered  excitedly,  "Look  !  look  !  an- 
other moose !  Shoot,  shoot !"  Sure 
enough  there  was  another  big  bull  going 
towards  the  thickest  fir  timber  with  an 
activity  surprising  in  such  a  huge  beast. 
Hastily  I. fired  a  number  of  cartridges  at 
this  animal.  Still  the  rough-hewn  beast 
went  on  trotting  over  the  fallen  timber 
and  crashing  through  the  brittle  burnt 
pines,  apparently  impervious  to  bullets, 
when  suddenly  he,  too,  came  down,  amidst 
a  nettled  mass  of  dry  poplars.  Both  were 
now  on  the  ground  and  I  possessed  ex- 
actly one  cartridge. 

Leaving  our  position  on  the  knoll  and 
walking  down  through  the  thick  willows 
convinced  me  how  wisely  I  had  decided 
in  shooting  from  the  hill  at  long  range,  as 
the  fallen  timber  was  so  rotten  and  lay  so 
thick  amongst  the  undergrowth  it  would 
have  been  utterly  impossible  to  cross  it 


without  noise,  or  arrive  near  enough  to 
the  moose  for  a  shot.  Arriving  at  animal 
number,  one,  we  found  him  still  alive,  and 
my  last  bullet  was  used  to  end  his  suffer- 
ings. The  other  poor  brute  did  not  fare 
so  well;  his  wounds  were  bad  ones,  still 
he  rose  as  we  approached,  and  with  a 
great  effort  threatened  bravely  to  defend 
himself  as  he  stood  facing  me,  his  bristles 
standing  erect,  his  ears  back  against  his 
neck,  his  peaceful  disposition  embittered 
and  maddened  with  the  agony  of  my  bul- 
let wounds.  He  showed  clearly  he  would 
fight  until  death,  should  we  move  one 
step  closer.  A  broken  leg,  a  torn  cheek, 
a  body  raked  from  end  to  end  and  entrails 
protruding  from  a  great  gash  in  his  stom- 
ach, and  bleeding  from  the  mouth,  was 
the  wretched  condition  this  unfortunate 
moose  stood  in,  slowly  and  painfully  dy- 
ing, whilst  I,  the  aggressor,  who  started 
this  unprovoked  assault  with  full  intent  ■ 
to  kill,  regretted  dreadfully  to  have  to 
leave  my  work  unfinished  for  want  of  a 
single  cartridge.  I  would  have  given 
much  to  have  seen  him  drop  and  die  be- 
fore I  got  through  skinning  moose  number 
one.  Unfortunately  he  clung  hard  to  life 
and  I  had  to  leave  him  with  his  eyes  wide 
open  and  ablaze  with  baffled  rage. 

On  September  seventh  we  woke  early 
and  soon  were  on  the  march,  through  the 
woods,  across  the  valleys  and  over  the 
mountains  towards  the  scene  of  my  hunt 
yesterday.  Braced  by  the  delicious  early 
morning  air,  we  arrived  on  the  summit  of 
Moose  Mountain,  for  such  is  its  name 
now,  two  hours  after  we  had  left  camp, 
and  were  glad  to  find  moose  number  two 
quite  dead  and  partly  covered  up  with 
brush  and  dirt  by  a  grizzly  bear  of  no 
small  size,  who  had  taken  full  possession 
of  the  carcass  for  the  present.  On  our 
approach  he  slipped  into  the  cover  of  the 
woods  and  doubtless  remained  at  a  short 
distance  waiting  for  us  to  go  away  and 
leave  him  alone  with  his  find.  We  hunt- 
ed all  about  —  his  tracks  were  everywhere 
— ■  but  he  was  too  cunning  to  show  him- 
self. Then  we  returned  to  the  moose, 
and  after  removing  some-  of  the  bear's 
work  we  photographed  it  as  it  lay. 

After  E.  had1  taken  one.  or  two  photo- 
graphs of  the  dead  moose,  he  and  his 


BIG  GAME  SHOOTING  IN  THE  YUKON  TERRITORY 


109 


guide  struck  off  down  the  opposite  slope 
of  the  mountain  to  which  we  had  come 
up,  and  had  not  gone  far  when  they 
jumped  three  moose  in  some  thick  under- 
growth. They  only  got  a  momentary 
glimpse  of  them  and  did  not  fire,  E.  ob- 
jecting to  kill  any  animal  unless  the  head 
is  a  desirable  one.  Bain  and  I  took  the 
scalp  and  head  off  moose  number  two, 
keeping  a  careful  watch  while  we  did  so 
for  the  grizzly.  At  one  time  we  thought 
he  was  coming,  but  instead  it  was  three 
beautiful  eagles  circling  down  and  pitch- 
ing on  trees  near  by,  from  where  they 
could  watch  jealously  for  the  least  suspi- 
cious sign  to  swoop  down  and  share  the 
spoil.  In  the  afternoon,  snow  and  rain 
'  began  to  fall  and  I  chose  the  best  pine 
tree  I  could  find  to  shelter  the  skin  of 
moose  number  one,  spreading  it  out  and 
giving  it  plenty  of  slope  so  as  to  shed  the 
rain.  Then,  placing  high  up  on  a  tree 
to  dry  the  two  heads,  after  divesting  them 
of  all  meat  and  brains,  and  lighting  a  big 
fire  to  help  -keep  the  bears  away  from  our 
skins,  we  commenced  our  trudge  camp- 
wards,  carrying  a  good  load  of  meat  and 
one  scalp.  The  other  scalp,  that  is,  of 
moose  number  one,  was  left  attached  to 
the  skin,  as  I  wished  the  whole  hide  to 
reach  home  with  as  few  incisions  in  it 
with  the  knife  as  possible. 

Early  on  the  morning  of  the  8th  I  took 
P.  and  the  two  Indians  down  to  the 
"cache"  on  the  river.  We  were  nearly 
out  of  flour,  quite  out  of  bacon,  and  only 
a  little  tea  remained  in  our  mountain 
camp.  As  we  neared  the  McMillan  we 
saw  smoke  issuing  from  a  willow  thicket 
on  the  banks  of  the  river  and  soon  came 
face  to  face  with  a  striking  and  impres- 
sive figure,  the  only  white  man  here- 
abouts, a  stout-hearted,  generous,  old- 
time  prospector,  engaged  at  mining  in  the 
summer  and  trapping  in  the  winter,  full 
of  hopes  which  I  fear  often  ended  in  dis- 
appointments. For  twenty  long  years 
this  man  had  lived  in  the  Yukon,  grap- 
pling courageously  with  its  long  and  fierce 
winters,  separated  by  thousands  of  miles 
from  his  wife  and  family,  living  alone  in 
this  wide  wilderness,  away  far  from  all 
those  that  must  at  one  time  have  been 
dear  to  him.    It  is,  indeed,  a  curious  life, 


Method  of  Packing  Head. 


and  must  have  tremendous  fascinations. 
Well  might  that  verse  in  "Songs  of  a 
Sour-dough"  be  applied  to  my  friend: 

"Twenty  years  in  the  Yukon,  struggling  along  its 

creeks, 

Roaming  its  giant  valleys,  scaling  its  Godlike 
peaks, 

Bathed  in  its  fiery  sunsets,  fighting  its  fiendish 
cold, 

Twenty  years  in  the  Yukon,  twenty  years  and  I'm 
old." 

I  left  the  old  fellow  with  some  feelings 
of  sadness ;  he  was  fixing  his  canoe  pre- 
paratory to  starting  off  on  a  short  trip 
further  up  the  river,  where  he  was  to  be- 
gin making  a  new  line  for  trapping.  It 
was  the  last  time  I  saw  him  and  I'm  glad 
to  say  the  photograph  I  took  of  him  be- 
fore parting  was  a  good  one.  That  after- 
noon we  shouldered  our  packs,  a  fresh 
supply  of  eatables,  and  commenced  our 
gradual  rise  towards  the  mountains,  fol- 
lowing our  leader,  Simon,  who  at  times 
moved  so  quickly  through  the  immense 
tangle  of  underbrush  that  I  found  it  dif- 


110 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


fieult  to  keep  him  in  sight.  At  last  we 
gained  the  foot  of  the  mountain  our  camp 
was  on  and  sat  down  to  ease  our  backs 
before  tackling  its  brushy  slopes.  It  is 
in  these  moments  that  life  assumes  unsus- 
pected values.  Looking  back  over  the 
ground  we  had  just  traversed  and  catch- 
ing sight  of  the  valley  of  the  McMillan, 
with  the  river  winding  about  through  the 
trees  clothed  in  their  beautiful  Fall  col- 
ors, the  country  looked  in  quality  and  as- 
pect really  magnificent ;  the  exquisite 
beauties  of  its  scenery,  enhanced  by  the 
remarkably  clear  atmosphere  —  the  de- 
light of  the  photographer  —  the  snow- 
capped mountains  standing  out  coldly 
white  in  the  distance,  one  after  another  as 
far  as  the  eye  could  see,  some  higher  than 
others,  some  presenting  a  most  dazzling 
appearance  as  the  sun  flashed  its  rays 
across  them.  Sitting  gazing  at  this  beau- 
tiful panorama  won't  get  our  bacon  and 
flour  into  camp.  But,  really!  how  pre- 
cious those  moments  of  rest  are,  after 
carrying  a  heavy  pack  up  hill,  through 
brush,  over  fallen  timber  and  along  the 
rocky  bed  of  some  creek.  How  immense- 
ly one  enjoys  them  and  how  nice  the 
country  behind  you  looks,  and  how  grand 
it  is  to  have  it  all  behind  you 
and  your  load  beside  you  and  know 
that  you  will  be  in  camp  before  the  sun 
sets,  satisfied  with  your  day's  work,  at 
peace  with  all  and  ready  for  your  evening 
meal,  your  pipe,  and  your  bed. 

On  September  ninth  E.  takes  Simon  out 
after  moose.  They  jump  a  bull  and  see 
his  horns  gleaming  in  the  sunlight  ctnd 
hear  them  clattering  on  the  brush  as  he 
ambles  quickly  out  of  sight.  P.  bakes 
bread,  while  I  wash  some  dirty  clothes. 
This  operation  is  carried  out  in  the  same 
tin  as  E.  kneads  his  bread  in,  but  not  un- 
til after  the  bread  has  been  transferred 
to  the  frying  pan.  Every  pound  tells  qn 
one's  back  in  this  country,  and  boiling 
water  will  soon  cleanse  an  enamelled  tin 
and  make  it  fit  for  any  use  you  may  wish 
to  put  it. 

On  the  morning  of  the  tenth  we  wit- 
nessed a  glorious  sunrise  over  the  moun- 
tain above  our  camp,  which  has  the  proud 
distinction  of  being  the  largest  in  these 
parts.     P.,  myself  and  P>ain  passed  over 


its  summit  today  en-route  to  where  I  had 
killed  the  two  moose  some  little  time  pre- 
vious. On  arriving  where  the  carcass  lay 
we  found  the  grizzly  bear  had  established 
himself  permanently  beside  moose  num- 
ber two,  having  completed  in  a  most  sat- 
isfactory manner  the  "caching"  of  all  the 
meat.  His  next  move  was  to  construct  a 
suitable  "lair"  to  watch  it  from,  and  doubt- 
less to  all  comers,  except  perhaps  human 
beings,  he  meant  to  keep  vigilant  guard 
over  his  "cache,"  even  at  the  risk  of  a  good 
mauling  from  a  more  formidable  beast 
than  himself.  As  we  approached  cau- 
tiously he  must  have  left  his  "lair"  and 
retreated  into  cover  of  the  bush,  his  bed 
being  still  quite  warm  as  we  laid  the  palm 
of  our  hand  on  it.  Noiselessly  we  moved 
about,  extremely  anxious  to  shoot  the 
bear.  Bruin  thought  differently  and 
avoided  us  so  that  he  might  do  full  justice 
to  the  "cache"  before  him.  At  all  events 
he  seemed  satisfied  we  were  not  going  to 
carry  off  the  meat  and  was  willing  to  al- 
low us  the  field  during  the  day  time. 
Had  we  watched  from  a  safe  hiding  this 
"cache"  at  night  no  doubt  we  would  have 
been  rewarded  for  our  trouble. 

We  found  the  skin  of  moose  number 
one  practically  dry,  yet  it  was  a  very 
heavy  load  for  one  man.  We  were  all  to 
have  turn  about  packing  it  into  camp. 
Bain  took  it  first,  and  after  making  it  into 
a  compact  load,  we  put  it  on  his  back  and 
away  he  went,  the  whole  journey  into 
camp,  without  ever  offering  us  a  turn. 
I  was  not  sorry,  and  P.  made  "no  kick." 
We  approached  our  tents  from  one  side 
as  E.  came  straggling  in  from  the  other 
"loaded  for  bear,"  the  skin  of  one  beauty 
on  his  back,  while  Simon  packed  two 
more.  They  had  also  seen  three  moose 
and  one  other  bear,  a  most  encouraging 
day's  work  for  the  hunter  and  creditable 
to  the  amount  of  fauna  in  the  Yukon  Ter- 
ritory. However,  this  was  not  all  for  to- 
day. While  talking  over  our  day's  hunt, 
Bain  points  to  a  big  black  bear  feeding  on 
the  mountain  above  us.  This  one  falls 
to  P.'s  luck  to  shoot,  and  off  he  goes  up 
the  mountain,  accompanied  by  Bain.  To 
circumvent  the  brute  takes  but  a  short 
three-quarters  of  an  hour.  With'  the 
glasses  I  watch  my  partner's  movements 


BIG  GAME  SHOOTING  IN  THE  YUKON  TERRITORY 


111 


and  soon  see  Mr.  Bruin  rolling  down  the 
grassy  slope  of  the  mountain.  Then  the 
report  of  a  rifle  reaches  me,  and  although 
the  bear  was  badly  hit  by  P.'s  first  shot, 
he  recovers  himself  and  from  rolling 
changes  to  a  brisk  run  down  the  moun- 
tain, P.  keeping  up  a  fusilade  of  shots  af- 
ter him,  hitting  him  again  and  again. 
Nevertheless  the  bear  disappeared  and  got 
clean  away.  The  vitality  they  possess  in 
this  northern  atmosphere  is  marvellous. 
Poor  P.  was  horribly  surprised,  and  on 
appearing  later  in  camp  the  expression  on 
his  face.Avas  that  of  absolute  disgust. 
The  eleventh  of  September  was  a  wet, 


September  we  had  some  discussion 
amongst  us  as  to  the  changing  of  our 
camp.  We  had  been  long  enough  in  the 
one  place  and  decided  to  move  further  on 
into  the  mountains.  To  do  this  meant 
a  deal  of  work  for  one  small  party,  pro- 
viding our  belongings  went  with  us.  Ul- 
timately we  agreed  this  was  unnecessary, 
and  after  leaving  one  tent  pitched  with  all 
our  skins  and  what  little  grub  we  had  in- 
side of  it,  we  started  off  on  a  journey  to- 
wards the  big  Kalsas  Mountains.  Each 
of  us  carried  our  blankets,  extra  mocca- 
sins and  dry  socks,  a  little  salt,  some  tea 
and  our  ammunition ;  for  grub  we  were 


PROSPECTOR  ON  THE  YUKON  FOR  TWENTY  YEARS. 

'I  left  the  old  fellow  with  some  feelings  of  sadness,  fixing  his  canoe." 


cloudy  day,  and  there  came  without  warn- 
ing a  tremendous  blizzard  of  wet  snow. 
The  Indians  took  a  day  off  and  lay  under 
{heir  shelter  sleeping.  A  rest  like  this 
does  much  good  to  all  in  camp  and  tends 
to  make  one  appear  keen  and  fresh  the 
following  morning  ready  for  any  emerg- 
ency. A  black  wolf  was  seen  by  Bain 
not  far  from  the  camp,  also  some  cari- 
boo, and  whatever  the  drawbacks  and 
disadvantages  of  this  country  may  be, 
the  absence  of  game  is  certainly  not 
among  them. 

On  the  evening  of  the  thirteenth  of 


to  depend  entirely  upon  our  rifles.  Two 
kettles  and  a  frying  pan  were  taken,  that 
useful  article,  the  enamelled  ware  pan,  that 
answered  for  so  many  purposes,  was  pick- 
ed up  and  looked  at  by  several  of  us  with 
a  view  to  its  going,  but  laid  down  again. 
Our  object  was  to  cut  out  everything  that 
it  was  at  all  possible  to  get  on  without 
so  that  we  might  be  free  and  unhampered 
by  any  loads  except  our  trophies  on  the 
return  journey. 

It  was  getting  late  in  the  season  to  be 
high  up  in  the  mountains.  The  snow  was 
falling  as  we  left  our  camp  and  the  weath- 


112 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


er  had  become  quite  wintry.  All  day  we 
followed  Simon,  moving  slowly  through 
the  wet  snow,  excepting  for  a  half-hour's 
rest  at  noon  when  we  boiled  the  kettle  and 
had  some  tea,  a  beverage  that  restores  and 
benefits  every  constitution  on  occasions 
of  this  sort.  In  the  evening  as  we  thought 
of  lying  down  for  the-  night,  one  of  us 
spied  a  bear  on  a  distant  side  hill.  This 
brute  led  us  all  a  nice  chase  before  dark- 
ness set  in  and  gave  us  only  one  chance 
as  he  emerged  for  a  second  into  a  com- 
paratively open  space.  It  was  enough  to 
end  his  days,  and  by  his  death  we  added 
to  our  bag  a  beautiful  skin.  We  cooked 
some  of  his  meat  for  supper,  but  no  one 
seemed  to  relish  it,  and  there  was  plenty 
of  ground-hog,  which  is  a  very  sweet  and 
delicious  meat  resembling  mutton  some- 
what !  What  with  our  run  after  the  bear, 
skinning  it,  making  camp,  building  brush 
shelters  and  one  thing  and  another,  and 
our  long  day's  packing,  I  believe  we  were 
all  a  bit  tired.  At  all  events,  I  was  not 
sorry  to  settle  down  on  my  sleeping  bag 
near  the  fire  in  our  brush  corral.  The 
Indians  were  stretched  out  opposite  us 
and  across  the  fire,  and  sang  some  weird 
songs  during  the  evening,  and  one  of  them 
played  scraps  of  white  man's  music  on  a 
mouth  organ.  The  snow  kept  falling  and 
as  it  settled  on  the  conifers  above  us,  the 
heat  of  the  fire  melted  it  and  it  dripped 
here  and  there  and  everywhere,  until  I 
got  tired  of  trying  to  evade  it  and  pulled 
the  blankets  well  over  my  head  and  fell 
asleep. 

September  fourteenth  we  move  on, 
climbing  over  mountain  after  mountain  in 
the  face  of  a  wind  storm,  an  incessant 
snowfall  and  a  low  temperature,  three 
combinations  sufficient  in  themselves  to 
render  our  journey  anything  but  pleasant. 
Time  was  advancing,  however,  and  with 
it  the  climatic  changes  that  so  alters  this 
country,  that  frightens  the  Indians,  and 
that  would  soon  make  travel  in  it  abso- 
lutely impossible.  So  we  push  on,  pene- 
trating further  into  the  mountains  over  a 
variety  of  ground,  snow-covered  boulders 
large  and  small,  with  dangerous  crevices 
between  them  ;  snow-covered  sloping  ice, 
snow-covered  gullies,  and  steep,  slippery 
slopes  with  jagged  rocks,  until  we  came 


abreast  of  a  clump  of  conifers  in  a  deep 
valley  through  which  a  small  creek  trick- 
led. Beside  this  we  built  a  fire,  divested 
ourselves  of  our  packs  and  cooked  a  pot 
of  meat.  While  engaged  in  this  we  sud- 
denly catch  sight  of  a  lone  cariboo  some 
little  distance  up  the  valley.  P.,  my  part- 
ner, being  the  youngest  of  the  party  and 
a  great  favorite  with  all,  has  here  some 
nice  sport  all  to  himself.  He  does  his 
work  well,  and  the  pots  get  no  rest  that 
night,  meat  and  salt,  salt  and  meat,  until 
you  can't  move  outside  our  brush  shelter 
without  tripping  over  the  picked  bones  of 
the  cariboo,  that  but  a  few  hours  before 
had  passed  alive  over  the  same  ground. 

The  snow  had  ceased  falling.  The  ev- 
ening was  still  and  calm,  haunted  by  a 
thousand  memories  difficult  to  translate 
into  words ;  the  silent  beauty  of  the 
moonlit  glaciers,  the  mysterious  stillness 
of  the  Northland,  the  hush  of  the  snows 
at  night. 

September  seventeenth  I  wake  and  call 
the  Indians,  who  soon  have  a  roaring  fire 
at  our  feet.  Everything  is  frozen  hard 
about  us  and  one  feels  loath  to  turn  out  of 
the  warm  blankets.  P.  stays  in  camp  to- 
day. E.,  myself  and  the  boys,  after  a 
breakfast  of  stewed  cariboo  kidney  and 
some  steaks,  washed  down  by  the  inevita- 
ble cup  of  tea,  turn  out  and  walk  further 
into  the  mountains,  and  meet  with  a  large 
grizzly  bear  about  the  middle  of  the  morn- 
ing. When  we  first  spied  it  I  thought  it 
quite  small,  but  on  getting  nearer  my 
views  changed.  It  was  in  the  open,  and 
according  to  Simon,  was  lying  beside  a 
dead  cariboo  that  an  Indian  friend  of  his 
had  killed  some  two  weeks  before.  As 
we  approached  within  a  couple  of  hun- 
dred yards  it  stood  up  and  showed  us  its 
real  size.  It  was  in  prime  condition  and 
wore  a  magnificent  wavy  coat,  and  alto- 
gether made  a  delightful  picture  through 
our  powerful  glasses.  .  E.  moved  on 
ahead,  as  he  was  to  shoot  it,  and  I  believe 
as  well  as  I  can  remember,  fired  his  first 
shot  at  about  one  hundred  and  fifty  yards' 
distance.  The  bullet  went  too  high  and 
only  glanced  the  skin  about  the  centre 
of  his  back.  With  this  the  bear  stepped 
quietly  off  the-  rock  he  stood  on  -  and 
looked  about  him,  first  one  side  then  an- 


BIG  GAME  SHOOTING  IN  THE  YUKON  TERRITORY 


113 


other,  then  down  the  side  hill  into  the 
deep  valley  below  him.  The  next  shot 
rolled  him  over,  as  it  tore  through  meat 
and  bone.  Up  he  got,  infuriated,  spun 
twice  round  and  made  a  desperate  charge 
down  hill,  E.  still  firing  at  him  and  the 
bear  running  fast.  Suddenly  he  pitched 
over  again,  somersault  fashion,  and  lay 
still,  stunned  and  dazed  by  the  frightful 
smashing  E.'s  modern  weapon  had  given 
him.  We  ran  down  the  slope  and  had 
several  photographs  of  him  before  the 
breath  had  quite  left  him.  Then  taking 
Bain  with  me,  I  leave  E.  and  Simon  with 
their  beautiful  trophy,  the  first  grizzly  E. 


had  ever  killed.  He  was  extremely  proud 
of  it  and  thanked  me  ever  so  much  for  al- 
lowing him  to  shoot  first  and  finish  his  job 
alone. 

Personally  I  do  not  believe  in  putting 
two  men  at  a  job  one  can  do,  nor  do  I  be- 
lieve in  two  or  three  sportsmen,  if  out 
together,  shooting  at  the  same  animal, 
standing  still  or  running  off,  as  the  case 
may  be.  One  of  the  party  should  be  rec- 
ognized as  the  man  who  is  to  shoot,  and 
to  his  rifle  alone  the  work  should  be  left. 
If  he  kills,  he  is  satisfied,  the  trophy  is 
his,  and  earned  by  him  alone.  If  two  or 
three  are  shooting,  one  of  them  may  be 


ever  so  certain  the  animal  dropped  to  his 
rifle,  yet,  because  others  have  fired  at  it, 
the  trophy  is  not  quite  the  same. 

Bain  and  I  are  anxious  to  see  the  other 
side  of  a  big  mountain  about  two  miles 
from  where  E.'s  grizzly  bear  fell.  As  we 
gained  the  summit  of  that  mountain  we 
ran  into  a  fresh  cariboo  track,  that  of  a 
fair-sized  bull.  We  had  been  about  an 
hour  and  a  half  walking  since  we  left  E., 
and  had  followed  the  cariboo  tracks  per- 
haps another  hour,  when  suddenly  from 
the  valley  below  cloud  after  cloud  of  the 
thickest  fog  rolled  up  the  mountain,  en- 
veloping us  and  holding  us  fast  in  its 


grasp  until  the  dangers  of  all  mountain- 
eering appeared  visibly  before  us.  The 
possibility  of  being  benighted  in  this  bleak 
spot  is  anything  but  cheerful,  and  while 
these  thoughts  are  uppermost  in  my  mind 
we  hear  the  cariboo  moving  on  the  frozen 
snow  below.  We  cannot,  however,  see 
him.  Bain  got  rather  excited,  and  I  ver- 
ily believe  would  have  crawled  up  on  it 
like  a  wolf  and  plunged  his  knife  into  it 
had  I  not  objected  to  moving  in  the  dark- 
ness that  prevailed.  The  fog  lifted  as 
suddenly  as  it  came  and  there  before  us, 
not  fifty  yards  away,  down  the  slope  of  the 
mountain,  lay  a  beautiful  bull  cariboo 


Cooking  Lunch  on  the  River  Bank. 


114 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Grizzly  Bear,  and  Simon,  E's  Guide. 

watching  the  world  below  him  and  ignor- 
ant of  the  danger  above.  As  I  gazed  at 
him  I  felt  as  if  I  could  not  shoot  such  a 
harmless,  defenceless  beast,  so  much  in 
my  power  as  it  was.  I  must  give  him  a 
chance  for  his  life.  It  is  the  best  I  can 
do. 


I  whistled,  stood  up  and  waved  my  hat. 
The  cariboo  rose,  and  after  a  pause  of  a 
second,  ran  straight  off  down  the  moun- 
tain. Twice  I  fired  at  him  and  he  fell  in 
a  heap,  killed  instantly  by  a  bullet 
through  the  neck.  Ay,  this  time  it  was 
late !  The  light  in  the  West  was  fading. 
We  had  some  work  to  do  in  removing  the 
skin  and  mask  from  the  cariboo,  and  an 
exceedingly  tiresome  journey  back  to 
camp,  a  tramp  over  many  ravines,  neces- 
sitating much  climbing  with  packs  on  our 
backs,  and  through  deep  wet  snow,  across 
a  wide  plateau  of  uplands,  and  finally 
over  a  difficult  mountain  of  rock.  As  we 
neared  our  bush  corral  the  last  rays  of 
light  had  disappeared  from  the  snows.  I 
was  done,  absolutely  done.  Again  and 
again  I  had  felt  like  disregarding  my 
pack  on  the  campward  march.  Fortunate- 
ly I  had  not  given  away  to  my  feelings, 
and  had  now  my  trophy  and  myself  in 
camp,  fatigued  undoubtedly  but  ready  for 
my  tea  and  a  rib  or  two  off  the  roasts  be- 
fore the  fire. 


TO  BE  CONTINED  NEXT  MONTH. 


TO  AN  ARROW-HEAD. 

BY  THE  REV.  A.  L.  FRASER. 

I  find  thee  here  upon  this  field, — 

A  treasure  by  the  plough  revealed ! 

While  yonder  stream  bore  the  canoe 

Of  vanished  men  who  fashioned  you ; 

Their  whoop  ran^  through  the  skyless  wood 

Where  Industry  doth  blow 

Her  trumpets  frequent,  loud  and  rude, 

Which  change  the  sylvan  solitude 

That  ruled  the  long-ago ! 

v 

The  Past  would  be  in  easy  reach 
Hadst  thou  to-day *the  power  of  speech; 
What  wondrous  tales  of  days  of  yore 
Were  mine : — the  part  thine  owner  bore 
In  feuds  where  now  wide  wheatfields  wave  ; 
In  chase  where  glades  are  not; 
Of  eyes  that  did  for  pity  crave; 
Of  many  a  long-forgotten  grave, — 
Perhaps  in  this  selfsame  spot ! 


The  Wary,  Gamey  Maskinonge 


BY  M.  W.  G.  PURSER. 


THE  maskinonge  is  the  chieftain  of 
the  tribe  of  pike,  and  is  pre-emi- 
nently a  gamy  fish.  Its  name,  ac- 
cording to  Bishop  La  Fleche,  who 
was  an  authority  on  Indian  dialects,  is  de- 
rived from  "Mashk"  (deformed)  "kin- 
onge"  (a  pike),  and  was  applied  to  the 
Esox  Nobilior  by  the  Indians  because  it 
appeared  to  them  a  deformed  or  different 
kind  of  pike  from  that  to  which  they  had 
been  accustomed. 

The  name  maskinonge  appears  to  have 
various  spellings.  In  "Rod  and  Gun"  for 
January,  1909,  at  page  694,  the  word  oc- 
curs as  "muskalonge,"  and  at  page  697  as 
"muscallonge."  In  "Forest  and  Stream" 
for  June  27,  1903,  the  word  is  spelled 
"muscallunge."  In  "The  History  of 
Methodism  in  Canada,"  by  Rev.  George 
E.  Playter,  .published  in  1862,  the  name 
of  the  fish  is  given  as  "maskenonge,"  at 
page  310.  In  "The  Man  from  Glengarry," 
by  Ralph  Connor,  the  spelling  used  is 
"maskalonge,"  at  page  381.  In  the  stat- 
utes and  reports  of  the  Ontario  govern- 
ment, "maskinonge"  is  the  form  used,  and 
it  is  probably  the  preferable  one. 

The  maskinonge  is  a  shallow-water  fish, 
and  on  account  of  the  difficulty  in  luring 
it  to  bite,  and  the  vigorous  fight  it  puts 
up  when  caught,  is  much  valued  by  all 
lovers  of  piscatorial  sport.  Rice  Lake  is 
one  of  the  many  Ontario  homes  of  this 
warrior  fish,  and  as  the  writer's  experi- 
ence of  the  maskinonge  was  obtained 
here,  his  references  to  the  finny  fighter 
will  of  necessity  savour  of  Rice  Lake.  In 
former  times  maskinonge  were  in  great 
abundance  at  this  lake,  but  this  was  in 
the  halcyon  days.  This  was  the  time 
when  men  could  bait  an  ordinary  hook 
with  a  piece  of  red  flannel  and  catch  wary 
maskinonge  forsooth  !  This  was  the  time 
when  the  Mississaugua  Indians  success- 
fully fished  with  a  bone,  sharpened  at 
both  ends,  tied  to  the  string  a  little  from 
the  middle.  This  is  what  an  Indian  be- 
longing to  the  Alnwick  reservation  on  the 
south  shore  of  Rice  Lake  claims.  He 


gives  the  name  of  the  maskinonge,  in  the 
tongue  of  his  fathers,  as  "canoe-jay." 

Down  Rice  Lake  last  year  sports  for 
whom  maskinonge  fishing  has  a  fascina- 
tion did  not  have  as  good  catches  as  in 
previous  seasons.  However,  at  the  head 
of  the  lake  better  success  was  had.  At 
the  beginning  of  the  season,  however, 


W.  Thompson,  of  Port  Hot>e.  with  a  Twenty-pound 
Maskinonge. 


many  fish  were  biting  cautiously,  and  con- 
sequently a  larger  number  got  away  than 
usual.  Several  trolling  outfits  were  lost, 
also,  owing  to  some  part  breaking,  which 
goes  to  prove  that  there  are  still  some 
large  fish  in  the  lake.  One  season  an 
American  lost  an  outfit  which  he  claimed 
was  solid  gold,  and  cost  ten  dollars. 

The  fact  that  your  fish  gets  away  should 
not  dishearten  you,  and  prompt  you  to 
give  up  in  despair,  because  fish  that  have 
been  hooked  will  bite  again.     Mr.  David 


116 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  'CANADA 


Near,  of  Warkworth,  caught  in  Trent 
water  a  maskinonge  that  had  in  its  mouth 
a  hook  with  which  it  had  gotten  away  on 
some  former  occasion.  The  fish  was 
somewhat  emaciated  and  its  capture 
proves  that  maskinonge  can  be  fooled 
more  than  once  with  the  spoon. 

At  Rice  Lake  several  Indians  fish  for 
maskinonge  all  season.  When  a  fish 
gets  away  from  them,  they  will  go  many 
times  over  the  spot.  This  should  be  a 
good  authority  for  not  losing  heart,  be- 
cause the  Indians  know  the  science  of 
fishing  from  A  to  Z,  and  so  well  they 
should,  because  they  fish  from  childhood 
up,  and  all  the  secrets  are  handed  down 
from  father  to  son.  I  may  say  that  they 
guard  these  secrets  most  sacredly,  just 
the  same  as  the  formula  for  a  patent 
medicine  is  guarded  among  the  whites. 

Even  if  you  be  possessed  of  all  the  se- 
crets, fishing  for  maskinonge  requires  a 
great  deal  of  patience  and  involves  con- 
siderable work  with  the  oars  or  paddle. 
The  difficulty  is  enhanced  on  account  of 
the  fish  living  among  the  weeds  and  rice. 
They  are  supposed  to  do  this  so  that  they 
may  be  cool  or  be  protected  when  Father 
Neptune  is  angry  in  storm,  or,  as  is  more 
probable,  to  secure  their  prey.  It  may  be 
said  that  they  appear  to  be  partial  to 
suckers  as  food,  and  have  been  seen  lying 
in  a  hole  in  the  mud  looking  up,  appar- 
ently watching  for  anything  that  might 
come  their  way.  Maskinonge  appear  to 
change  their  feeding  grounds  from  year 
to  year.  It  is  the  locating  of  these  places 
at  the  beginning  of  the  season  that  re- 
quires patience,  but  even  after  you  have 
found  them,  there  are  days  at  a  time, 
when  for  some  reason  the  fish  cannot  be 
induced  to  bite.  It  is  then  that  the  ar- 
dent fisherman  feels  that  he  is  engaged  in 
a  contest  that  should  be  bulletined  as  fol- 
lows:  Ardent  Fisherman,  Gold  Medal; 
Job.  Honorable  Mention. 

I  have  never  seen  any  satisfactory  ex- 
planation as  to  why  the  fish  will  not  bite 
at  certain  times  other  than  during  the 
.period  when  they  are  losing  their  teeth, 
when,  of  curse,  it  is  natural  to  expect 
them  to  be  canny.  However,  they  are  at 
all  times  cautious,  and  even  a  little  weed 


or  rice  on  the  hooks  tell  them  to  leave  it 
alone,  being  thus  betrayed  to  them  as 
other  than  some  live  prey.  It  is  neces- 
sary that  the  trolling  line  should  be  as 
near  the  colour  of  the  water  as  possible 
in  order  to  prove  effective.  It  is  best  to 
use  a  twisted  line  rather  than  a  braided 
one.  The  latter  is  not  readily  dried  and 
rots  soon.  It  is  best  to  get  a  new  line 
every  year,  since  the  cost  is  nothing  to 
the  chagrin  of  losing  a  large  fish  and  a 
good  outfit.  It  is  a  good  plan  to  try  a 
double  bait  of  copper  and  silver,  the  sil- 
ver spoon  being  about  one  and  one-half 
inches  from  the  hooks.  However,  with 
the  most  seductive  rig  it  is  a  most  difficult 
matter  to  lure  in  one  day  the  legal  limit 
of  four  maskinonge,  and  this  is  no  doubt 
largely  due  to  their  wariness.  I  have  for- 
gotten to  add  that  pearl  is  the  best  spoon, 
but  owing  to  its  fragile  nature  will  not 
stand  many  catches. 

Fishing  for  maskinonge  with  all  its  dif- 
ficulties affords  plenty  of  unalloyed  pleas- 
ure, and  should  be  classified  under  the 
category  of  the  thrilling  sports.  The  ex- 
perience of  a  man  who  hooks  a  fish  of 
twenty  pounds  or  over  and  succeeds  in 
landing  it,  can  be  better  imagined  than 
described,  and  will  be  remembered  to  the 
close  of  his  days.  At  Rice  Lake  it  is  most 
certainly  the  event  of  a  lifetime. 

Most  of  the  maskinonge  caught  at  this 
lake  weigh  less  than  six  pounds.  Not- 
withstanding this  fact,  in  1904  the  law, 
under  the  Ontario  government,  was  that 
every  maskinonge  caught  which  measured 
less  than  thirty  inches  had  to  be  thrown 
back  into  the  water.  It  is  needless  to  say 
that  this  law  was  not  generally  observed, 
and  I  am  glad  to  say  that  the  limit  now 
is  twenty-four  inches.  This  is  more  sat- 
isfactory than  having  to  let  go  a  seven- 
pound  fish. 

Masinonge  between  six  and  twelve 
pounds  are  regarded  as  good-sized  fish. 
Those  from  twelve  to  twenty  pounds  are 
considered  very  large  ones,  and  one  over 
twenty  pounds  is  looked  on  as  an  extra- 
ordinary catch. 

One  of  the  largest  maskinonge  caught 
in  Rice  Lake  waters  was  captured  by 


THE  WARY,  GAMEY  MASKINONGE 


11? 


John  Lake,  an  Indian,  of  Alderville,  sev- 
eral years  ago,  and  is  said  by  one  author- 
ity to  have  weighed  forty-four  pounds, 
and  by  another  authority  to  have  weighed 
forty  pounds.  This  fish  is  said  to  have 
been  caught  trolling. 

Possibly  the  largest  maskinonge  ever 
caught  in  Rice  Lake,  trolling,  by  a  white 
man,  was  captured  about  1890,  by  the  late 
David  Hague,  of  Baltimore,  Ont.,  and 
weighed  thirty  pounds.  Mr.  Hague  was 
out  in  a  boat  with  his  wife  and  Mr.  Alex. 
McLeod,  of  Plainville,  and  the  leviathan 
was  hooked  somewhere  in  the  vicinity  of 
the  mouth  of  the  Otonabee  river. 

Jerome  K.  Jerome  wrote  a  humorous 
book  entitled  'Three  Men  in  a  Boat,"  and 
three  men  actually  did  get  into  a  boat,  and 
trolled  for  maskinonge  off  Idle  Wyld. 
They  were  Messrs.  W.  Hutchison  of  Idyl 
Wyld,  Harry  Lane  and  George  Elliott  of 
Harwood,  the  latter  succeeding  in  catch- 
ing a  maskinonge  which  weighed  twenty- 
three  pounds,  and  measured  forty-seven 
inches  in  length  and  sixteen  inches  in 
girth.  This  monster  fish  was  shown  to 
me. 

Mr.  W.  Thompson,  Port  Hope,  spent  a 
few  days  with  friends  at  Rice  Lake,  and 
had  what  is  called  "green-horn's  luck." 
He  caught  a  maskinonge  which  was  forty- 
eight  inches  long,  eighteen  inches  in  girth, 
and  would  weigh  about  twenty  pounds. 
The  accompanying  cut  shows  Mr.  Thomp- 
son and  his  fish. 

The  largest  maskinonge  ever  captured 
by  a  lady  at  Rice  Lake  was  secured  on 
June  25,  1907,  by  Mrs.  Allison  Campbell, 
of  Peterboro,  who  was  out  trolling  with  a 
lady  and  a  gentleman.  Her  fish  was  for- 
ty inches  long,  sixteen  inches  in  girth,  and 
weighed  seventeen  and  one-half  pounds. 

These  large  fish  are  veritable  veterans, 
as  may  be  seen  when  we  consider  the 
growth  of  maskinonge.  A  maskinonge 
seven  months  old  measures  eight  inches 
in  length,  one  year  old,  thirteen  inches; 
and  two  years  old,  nineteen  inches.  We 
may  compare  their  growth  with  that  of 
bass,  which  are  found  in  the  same  waters. 
The  bass  is  four  inches  long  the  first 
year,  eight  inches  the  second  year,  and 
twelve  inches  the  third  year. 


The  largest  maskinonge  are  not  es- 
teemed as  highly  by  the  epicure  as  the 
smaller  ones,  but  the  fisherman  when  he 
lands  one,  feels  as  though  he  had  attained 
the  El  Dorado.  The  large  fish  do  not  put 
up  as  vigorous  a  fight,  in  proportion  to 
their  size,  as  the  small  fish,  some  of  which 
are  warriors  from  the  time  they  are  hook- 
ed until  they  are  landed.  They  make 
energetic  efforts  to  get  away  and  will 
often  jump  out  of  the  water.  Then  they 
may  be  seen,  all  infuriated,  battling  for 
freedom.  It  may  be  said  that  when  a 
maskinonge  jumps  out  of  the  water  it  is 
generally  able  to  unhook  itself,  and  the 
only  hope  there  is  of  saving  it,  is  to  give 
the  line  a  sudden  jerk. 

The  records  of  the  large  catches  re- 
ferred to  in  the  foregoing  are  well  authen- 
ticated, and  well  it  is  so,  because  when  a 
man  goes  fishing  he  is  willing  to  cast 
aside  all  qualms  of  conscience,  and  for- 
getting about  Annanias  and  Sapphira,  sets 
out  to  outvie  his  neighbor  in  valentining. 
He  often  becomes  reckless  and  contradic- 
tory, and  tells  tales  of  his  prowess  as  a 
lucky  fisherman  that  should  only  be  told 
to  the  marines.  It  is  also  to  be  noted 
that  the  nature  fakir  is  abroad  in  the  land. 
We  find  him  holding  forth  in  the  Peter- 
boro Weekly  Review  for  July  24,  1908, 
in  an  article  under  the  heading  of  "Fish 
and  Fishing,"  as  follows : 

"Recently  we  have  heard  that  the  good 
old-fashioned  guides  who  paddle  confid- 
ing summer  visitors  about  the  fishing 
grounds  have  been  palming  off  a  good 
story  on  the  city  greenhorns  to  account 
for  their  inability  to  find  and  catch  'lunge 
this  season.  The  truth  is,  the  fish  are 
scarce,  and  these  same  old-fashioned 
guides  could,  in  too  many  cases,  accurate- 
ly account  for  the  scarcity  if  they  wished 
to  give  themselves  away ;  but  they  are  not 
in  the  habit  of  doing  that,  so  they  have 
got  up  a  story  that  at  this  season  the 
'lunge  shed  their  teeth  and  cannot  bite. 
If  so,  this  is  a  habit  they  have  acquired 
lately.  Many  anglers  have  caught  'lunge 
in  the  summer  when  they  were  abundant 
and  have  always  found  they  had 
plenty  of  teeth,  and  that  they  kept 
them    in    first-class   working   order.  If 


118 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


any  one  has  the  desire  to  settle 
this  question  for  himself  positively,  he 
need  only  catch  a  ten-pounder  and  as  soon 
as  he  gets  him  in  the  boat,  put  his  finger 
in  the  fish's  mouth;  the  'lunge  will  at. 
once  furnish  proof  that  he  has  teeth  and 
knows  how  to  use  them,  and  the  seeker 
after  knowledge  will  he  satisfied." 

Now,  beginning  with  about  the  middle 
of  July  and  extending  over  a  period  of 
three  weeks  or  less  the  maskiuonge  can 
very  rarely  be  lured  by  the  twirling  spoon, 
and  the  explanation  lies  undoubtedly  in 
the  fact  that  they  are  losing  their  teeth. 
When  occasionally  a  fish  is  caught,  it  will 
often  be  found  with  teeth  missing,  loose 
and  falling  out.  This  is  the  experience  at 
Rice  Lake,  and  can  be  vouched  for  on  un- . 
impeachable  authority.  As  the  deer  sheds 
its  antlers,  or  the  snake  its  skin,  so  does, 
the  maskinonge  discard  its  teeth. 

I  have  referred  to  the  outfits  used.  In 
this  connection  it  is  decidedly  a  case  cf 
"many  men  of  many  minds."  Some  pre- 
fer gold  spoons,  some  silver,  some  copper 
and  some  pearl,  but  an  Indian,  with  a 
spoon  made  from  the  side  of  a  mouth-or- 
gan, will  catch  more  fish  in  a  given  time. 
I  purchased  from  an  Indian,  of  Aldervillc, 
one  of  these  spoons,  still  bearing  the 
name  of  the  mouth-organ  firm  on  it.  I 
tested  this  spoon  for  a  considerable  time 
with  my  favorite  patent  kind,  always  us- 
ing two  lines,  and  found  that  one  was  as 
effective  as  the  other. 

This  season  legal  restrictions  against 
bass  and  maskinonge  are  over  on  June 
16.  Up  to  the  year  1906  or  1907  Rice 
Lake  was  specially  favoured  in  regard  to 
maskinonge,  the  open  season  for  which 
began  on  June  2,  while  in  all  other  waters 
of  Ontario  the  close  season  extended  to 
June  16.  This  lake  was  thus  favoured 
for  the  reason  assigned,  that  the  spawning 
season  is  over  early  owing  to  the  lake  be- 
ing shallow  and  the  water  soon  becoming 
warm  enough  in  the  spring  for  spawning 
purposes. 

In  the  matter  of  spawning  I  would  like 
to  ask  the  readers  of  "Rod  and  Gun"  if 
there  are  two  kinds  of  maskinonge,  one 
that  spawns  in  the  spring  and  the  other 


in  the  autumn?  There  are  persons  at 
Rice  Lake  who  hold  strongly  to  this  view, 
but  as  for  myself,  I  have  not  been  suffi- 
ciently able  to  investigate  it  :o  come  to 
a  definite  conclusion.  The  matter  was 
first  brought  to  my  attention  about  Sep- 
tember 21st,  1906,  when  Mr.  Stanley  Sta- 
ples, of  Baltimore,  Ont.,  and  I  secured  at 
White's  Island  a  maskinonge,  which  he 
reported  to  me  was  full  of  spawn  when 
opened.  Again  on  September  3rd,  1908, 
two  maskinonge  were  secured  by  me  at 
Sugar  Island.  One  of  these  fish  when 
opened  at  home  several  days  afterwards 
was  reported  to  me  as  having  been  full 
of  spawn.  Now,  at  the  time  of  securing 
these  it  was  noticed  that  one  of  the  fish 
was  lighter  coloured  than  the  other,  but 
no  particular  attention  was  given  to  ir. 
Now,  the  question  in  my  mind  is,  was 
this  the  fish  that  was  full  of  spawn  ?  The 
individual  who  cleaned  them  can  throw- 
no  light  on  the  subject.  As  a  rule  the 
under  part  of  a  maskinonge's  scales  is 
light-coloured.  The  scales  seem  to  get 
darker  as  they  get  nearer  the  middle  of 
the  back.  The  fish  in  question  seemed  to 
be  light-coloured  about  half-way  to  the 
back.  This  is  what  an  observant  friend 
who  was  with  me  at  the  time  informs 
me. 

In  this  connection  I  may  say  that  Mr. 
Thomas  Ingham,  the  genial  stage-driver 
between  Roseneath  and  Cobourg,  is  firm 
in  the  belief  that  there  are  two  kinds  of 
maskinonge  at  Rice  Lake.  He  says  that 
one  is  chunkier  than  the  other,  is  dark  on 
top  and  light  underneath,  being  spot- 
ted like  a  pike.  It  spawns  at  the  end  of 
September  and  the  beginning  of  October, 
and  may  be  caught  close  to  land  on  rocky 
shores. 

It  appears  that  maskinonge  can  be  read- 
ily caught  quite  close  to  the  rocky  shores 
at  this  time  of  the  year,  whether  they 
come  there  to  spawn,  or  for  some  other 
purpose.  This  fact  was  only  learned  re- 
cently at  Rice  Lake  by  the  white  fisher- 
men, although  the  Indians  appear  to  have 
known  it  long  before.  Indians  had  often 
been  observed  at  this  period  trolling  very 
close  to  shore,  but  it  was  supposed  that 
they  were  after  bass. 


The  Siwash  Rock  Seems  to  Guard  the  Harbor  of  Vancouver  Like  an  Old-Time  Sentinel. 


A  Visit  to  Bowen  Island,  B.C. 

BY  P.  E.  BUCKB. 

"  "lis  merry,  'tis  merry  in  the  good  green  wood, 
When  *mavis  and  f merle  are  singing; 

When  the  deer  sweeps  by  and  the  hounds  are  in  cry, 
And  the  huntsman's  horn  is  ringing. 

— Old  Song. 

"Were  you  ever  on  Bowen  Island?"  said 
my  friend  Jack  Sutton  to  me  one  day  in 
Vancouver. 

"No;  where  is  it?  In  the  Indian  Ocean 
or  attached  to  the  group  over  which  the 
Mikado  holds  sway?" 

"Neither  one  nor  'tother,"  said  Jack 
with  a  smile,  "but  a  lovely  spot  not  fifty 
miles  from  the  chairs  we  are  now  sitting 
on." 

"How  can  we  get  there?" 
"Very  simply.     I  am  going  there  to- 
morrow morning.  Will  you  come  along?" 
After  discussing  ways  and  means,  we 
*  Thrush.       f  Blackbird. 


decided  to  take  our  wheels,  strapping  our 
fishing  rods  to  the  frame,  our  light  fish- 
ing baskets  to  the  handle-bars,  and  de- 
positing our  tackle,  bait,  fly-books,  lunch, 
etc.,  in  the  creels.  When  we  had  talked 
the  matter  well  over  we  separated  with 
the  understanding  that  we  should  meet 
on  the  wharf  at  eight  o'clock  next  morn- 
ing, and  there,  sure  enough,  I  found  Jack 
awaiting  me. 

We  boarded  the  S.  S.  Brittania,  a  small 
narrow  boat,  having  the  saloon  deck  fitted 
not  unlike  an  ordinary  railway  car,  with 
seats  for  two  on  each  side  and  a  passage 
ddwn  the  middle.  This  boat  runs  from 
Vancouver  to  Squamish,  at  the  mouth  of 


120 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Upper  Lake,  from  the  Gap,  Bowen  Island. 


the  Squamish  river,  calling  at  Snug  Cove 
Harbor  on  Bowen  Island. 

As  the  tide  was  running  out  we  speedily 
passed  down  and  out  of  Burrard  Inlet. 
On  the  left  was  Deadman's  Island,  Stan- 
ley Park,  the  two  lighthouses  and  the  Si- 
wash  Rock;  on  the  right,  North  Vancou- 
ver, the  Siwash  village  and  the  mouth  of 
the  Capilano  river.  Seven  miles  to  the 
north  the  mountains  rose  four  thousand 
five  hundred  feet  high,  with  here  and 
there  a  good  covering  of  snow  on  the 
slopes. 

We  kept  along  the  north  shore,  with  its 
inlets  and  bays.  Here  and  there  I  no- 
ticed what  appeared  to  be  roads  up  the 
steep  face  of  the  cliffs.  Jack,  who  had 
been  there  before,  told  me  they  were 
chutes  for  sending  the  big  fir  logs  from 
the  hills  into  the  ocean.  Farther  on  we 
passed  a  couple  of  salmon  canneries,  re- 
minding Jack  of  the  canner's  little  rhyme, 
which  he  got  off  something  after  this 
fashion : 

A  canner,  exceedingly  canny, 

One  morning  remarked  to  his  granny: 

"  A  canner  can  can  everything  that  he  can, 

But  a  canner  can't  can  a  can,  can  he?" 

There  is  one  peculiarity  and  advantage 
about  the  port  of  Vancouver.  There  are 
no  pilots  that  I  have  ever  heard  of.  Thet 
channel  is  one  hundred  and  fifty  feet  deep 
and  there  are  no  shifting  sands  to  form  a 
bar  at  its  entrance.  The  Siwash  Rock, 
which  stands  out  bold  and  clear  in  the 
water  and  forms  a  gigantic  pillar,  nearly 
one  hundred  and  fifty  feet  high,  seems  to 
guard  the  harbor  like  an  old-time  sentinel 
and  forms  an  object  of  much  interest. 


Rounding  a  point  of  land  a  short  dis- 
tance from  the  island,  I  heard  a  noise  like 
thunder,  and  turning  round  was  surprised 
to  see  water  flying  in  every  direction, 
spouting  up  forty  or  fifty  feet  in  the  air. 
I  said  to  Jack : 

"Either  we  are  in  the  midst  of  some 
new  volcanic  disturbance  or  some  blamed 
fool  is  trying  to  blast  a  hole  in  the  bot- 
tom of  the  ocean  to  let  the  water  out." 

"Blast  nothing,"  said  Jack.  "I  am  afraid 
you  are  the  B.  F.  this  time.  Don't  you 
see  that  big  chute  made  of  small  timber 
down  the  side  of  the  mountain  ?  The  men 
are  sending  down  some  big  fir  logs  eight 
or  ten  feet  through,  and  probably  fifty  or 
sixty  feet  long ;  when  the  end  strikes  the 
water  you  may  bet  it  makes  a  hole  and 
the  displacement  has  to  go  somewhere." 

At  ten-thirty  we  came  to  Bowen  Island 
and  the  Brittania  thrust  her  cutwater  into 
a  pretty  little  well-sheltered  harbor.  A 
store  and  a  few  houses  are  built  along  the 
edge  of  the  water,  but  very  little  time  was 
spent  in  looking  at  them.  We  soon  land- 
ed with  our  rods,  wheels  and  grub,  and 
pushed  our  cycles  up  a  rather  steep  slope. 

Bowen  Island  is  a  perfect  little  princi- 
pality extending  over  an  area  eight  by 
four  miles,  with  lakes,  mountains  (the 
highest  2,479  feet  high),  and  a  pretty  lit- 
tle trout  stream.  It  also  has  two  very 
good  natural  harbors.  It  is  only  one  and 
a  half  miles  to  the  nearest  point  on  the 
mainland. 

When  we  got  to  the  top  of  the  hill  we 
found  a  fairly  good  level  road  which  had 
been  used  for  a  number  of  years  for  tak- 
ing out  timber  and  getting  in  shanty- 
men's  supplies.  Mounting  our  wheels  we 
sped  briskly  along.  We  had  over  four 
miles  to  go  to  the  farthest  lake;  it  was 
a  lovely  ride.  On  either  hand  was  dense 
foliage,  but  on  the  left  a  purling  stream 
could  be  heard  far  down  a  well-wooded 
precipitous  bank.  An  occasional  grouse 
crossed  our  path  or  ran  along  in  front  of 
us  until  we  got  to  within  a  few  yards, 
when  it  would  disappear  in  the  thick  un- 
derbrush on  the  roadside.  The  flowering 
currant  is  seen  here  in  all  its  beauty.  It 
and  the  guelder-rose  and  wax-berry  shrub 
are  all  indigenous. 

As  we  neared  the  lake  we  turned  to 


A  VISIT  TO  BOWEN  ISLAND,  B.  C. 


121 


the  left,  Crossed  the  brook  by  a  log  bridge, 
and,  seeing  a  fence  and  gate  —  the  first 
signs  of  civilization  since  we  had  left  the 
harbor  —  we  passed  into  a  pretty  young 
orchard  in  which  stood  a  neat  frame  house 
near  the  water.  The  scene  was  so  en- 
chanting we  stood  spellbound.  The  lake 
lay  like  a  crystal  in  the  hollow  of  an  im- 
mense goblet.  All  around  it,  except  at 
the  gap  where  we  had  entered,  the  moun- 
tains rose  a  couple  of  thousand  feet,  while 
below,  in  peaceful  solitude,  lay  the  un- 
ruffled water,  with  no  sound  to  break  the 
silence  save  the  tinkle  of  the  little  brook 
which  ran  over  a  slight  declivity  just 
above  the  bridge  we  had  crossed. 

We  roused  the  young  farmer,  who  was 
all  alone,  his  mother  having  gone  to  the 
Vancouver  hospital.  He  had  a  couple  of 
boats  on  the  lake  which  he  placed  at  our 
disposal. 

The  trout  in  the  lake  were  not  very 
large,  running  from  one-half  to  one  and 
one-half  pounds,  but  there  were  plenty  of 
them,  no  chub  or  other  fish  to  worry  the 
angler,  and  no  mosquitoes,  black  flies  or 
other  evil  beast  to  mar  the  sport.  The 
glass  stood  at  66  degrees.  A  few  fleecy 
clouds  occasionally  flitted  across  the  sun. 
The  whole  scene  was  ideal.  We  fished 
with  fly  and  bait  as  the  fancy  took  us,  but 
the  bait  was  the  most  successful.  After 
several  hours  of  fishing,  lunching  and 
loafing,  we  returned  to  the  farmer's  house 
and  remained  with  him  over  night. 

About  ten  o'clock,  just  as  we  were  turn- 
ing in,  we  heard  a  noise  outside.  The 
farmer  lit  his  coal-oil  lantern,  as  it  was 
quite  dark,  and  we  sallied  out  to  see  what 
was  the  matter.  To  my  great  surprise, 
five  deer  were  in  the  cabbage  garden. 
The  man  "shooed"  them  out  and  all  was 
still  again.  In  the  morning  we  found 
that  the.  deer  had  nibbled  quite  a  number 
of  the  vegetables,  and  had  evidently  been 
browsing  on  the  apple  trees  also,  as  some 
branches  were  broken  down  and  dam- 
aged. To  my  question,  "Have  you  no 
gun?"  the  farmer  replied  in  the  affirma- 
tive, but  added:  "This  is  the  close  sea- 
son." I  remarked,  "It  does  not  seem  to 
be  the  close  season  for  your  orchard  and 
garden,"  to  which  he  responded  that  if  the 


Lower  Lake  on  Bowen  Island. 


animals  bothered  him  much  more  he 
would  "hev'  to  do  something!" 

After  breakfast  we  started  for  the  low- 
er lake,  which  we  found  a  much  larger 
sheet  of  water  but  not  nearly  so  pictur- 
esque as  the  first  one.  It  was  shallow 
with  a  margin  of  weeds  and  lily  pads 
growing  around  the  edge.  Here  we  took 
the  trout  chiefly  with  a  small  spoon,  but 
strange  to  relate,  there  were  a  large  num- 
ber of  good-sized  chub  which  took  the 
spoon  also.  This  lake  and  the  big  ditches 
at  the  Pitt  Meadows  are  the  only  places 
where  I  have  seen  these  fish  so  far.  We 
circled  around  the  lake,  alternately  catch- 
ing chub  and  trout  for  a  few  hours,  and 
then  returned  to  the  landing  place  to  catch 
the  S.  S.  Brittania  at  five  o'clock  on  her 
way  back  to  Vancouver. 

This  lovely  island  presented  to  my  mind 
ideas  not  only  of  the  practical  but  of  the 
beautiful  and  useful  as  well.  The  land  is 
of  comparatively  little  value  today;  what 
a  lovely  national  park  it  would  make,  or 
what  a  grand  place  for  shooting  and  fish- 
ing for  a  man  to  whom  money  was  no 
object!  What  a  home  for  the  English 
pheasant  and  partridge,  Canadian  quail, 
and  for  all  kinds  of  game  birds!  For 
deer,  mountain  sheep  and  goats,who  would 
find  congenial  homes  in  the  lofty  hills. 
With  a  few  wood  rangers  to  keep  off  pot- 
hunters, there  is  enough  natural  game 
on  the  island,  if  protected  for  a  few  years, 
to  fully  supply  all  the  indigenous  grouse 
and  deer.  The  climate  is  so  mild  that 
the  water  never  freezes  between  the  isl- 
and and  the  mainland,  some  three  miles 
away.      There  is  plenty  of  good  land 


12-S 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


adapted  for  growing  buckwheat  for  the 
pheasants,  etc.  Any  kind  of  nuts,  such 
as  English  walnuts,  filberts  and  sweet 
chestnuts,  also  azaleas,  rhododendrons, 
English  ivy,  gorse,  heather,  broom,  lau- 
rels, holly,  in  fact  anything  that  can  be 
grown  from  Devonshire  to  the  Highlands 
of  Scotland,  would  flourish  well  on  this 
island.  The  harbors  are  excellent  and 
well-suited  to  the  protection  of  steam 
yachts  and  other  craft. 

The  island  is  still  well-wooded  with  in- 
digenous firs,  cedars  and  vine  maples,  etc., 
and  it  has  been  said  that  traces  of  valu- 
able minerals  have  been  found. 

The  principal  object  of  this  contribution 
is  to  point  out  the  great  advantage  it 
would  be  to  have  a  place  of  this  sort  set 
aside,  either  by  the  Dominion  or  local  gov- 


ernment, for  the  purpose  of  breeding  wild 
game,  either  for  distribution  to  other  less 
favored  localities  or  for  market,  in  the 
same  way  that  domestic  animals  are  now 
kept.  There  is  no  reason  why  venison 
and  game  birds  should  not  be  as  plentiful 
and  as  often  on  the  tables  of  Vancouver, 
Victoria  and  other  places  every  day  in 
the  year,  as  beef  and  poultry,  if  the  is- 
lands on  the  Pacific  coast  were  employed 
to  breed  the  necessary  products,  and  the 
close  season  were  eliminated  from  birds 
and  animals  raised,  as  it  were,  in  a  semi- 
domestic  state. 

It  is  understood  that  in  the  United 
States  something  of  this  sort  is  being  agi- 
tated, but  it  is  doubtful  if  they  have  any- 
thing like  the  facilities  there  that  we  have 
here  in  Canada. 


REVISITING  THE  OLD  FARM  HOME. 

BY  THE  REV.  W.  A.  BRADLEY,  B.A. 

I  wandered  to-day  by  the  old  brook-side, 

Where  the  little  lambkins  play, 
Where  the  willows  wave  in  the  eventide, 
And  the  Sandpiper  flies  to  his  covert  to  hide, 
From  the  steps  of  the  stranger  away. 

And  I  thought  of  the  days,  now  long  gone  by, 

When  a  boy  I  used  to  stray, 
On  the  same  old  paths  in  the  grass  that  lie, 
As  away  through  the  fields  I  used  to  hie, 

In  the  morning  of  life  so  gay. 

But  a  change  is  seen  in  the  old  farm  now, 

For  the  landmarks  have  disappeared , 
The  buildings  all  that  so  well  I  knew, 
No  longer  present  themselves  to  view, 
But  others  that  since  were  reared. 

But  the  same  kind  hearts  are  there  to  greet, 
And  the  voices  ai;e  just  as  true, 

That  echo  their  welcomes  kind  and  sweet, 

Each  time  I  visit  the  old  retreat, 
My  vigor  and  strength  to  renew. 

May  the  favors  kind  of  our  heavenly  Friend 

Still  rest  on  the  dear  Old  Home, 
And  where'er  I  go  I  must  confess, 
That  none  like  thee  doth  charms  possess-,.  ' 
No  matter  where'er  I  roam. 


A  Good  Fall  for  Hares 


BY  REGINALD  GOURLAY. 


THE  "raison  d'etre"  of  this  article 
is  — ■  if  the  predictions  of  the  back- 
woods guides,  explorers  and  In- 
dians all  along  the  frontier  of  the 
northern  Canadian  wilderness  are  to  be 
believed  —  this  year,  1909,  will  be  a  great 
"hare  year";  that  is,  one  in  which  the 
"snowshoe  hare"  (lepus  Americanis)  will 
swarm  in  great  numbers  through  all  the 
woods  and  swamps. 

Therefore  I  deem  it  a  fitting  season  to 
jot  down  a  few  rough  notes  which  may  in- 
terest sportsmen  and  lovers  of  nature 
about  this  curious  and  useful  little  ani- 
mal. Last  year  hares  were  abundant. 
This  year  they  will  swarm.  Next  year 
(1910)  they  will  be  very  scarce  indeed. 

Now,  the  reason  of  this  is  that  at  cer- 
tain periods  (every  seven  years  seems  to 
be  the  ascertained  time)  their  rapidly  in- 
creasing multitudes  are  devastated  by  a 
disease  akin  to  tuberculosis.  If  it  were 
not  for  this  periodical  thinning  out  the 
hares  would  —  despite  the  fact  that  they 
form  the  main  portion  of  the  sustenance 
of  the  larger  carnivora,  and  of  the  greater 
hawks  and  owls,  to  say  nothing  of  the  In- 
dians—  increase  so  rapidly  as  to  become 
as  great  a  nuisance  as  the  English  rabbits 
are  in  Australia  and  New  Zealand.  As  it 
is,  the  hare  is  the  most  useful  little  crea- 
ture that  runs  through  the  north  wilder- 
ness. A  writer  has  most  aptly  called  him 
"the  animated  wheat  of  the  woods."  He 
is  the  long  suit  in  the  way  of  an  edible 
mainstay  for  most  of  the  larger  carnivora. 
The  lynx  pursues  him  in  his  waking  hours 
and  dreams  of  him  in  his  few  sleeping 
ones.  Those  splendid  birds,  the  greater 
horned  owl,  the  bald  eagle,  the  snowy  owl, 
bird  of  the  bleak  snowy  sub-Arctics;  the 
round-winged  goss-hawk,  fiercest  and  fin- 
est of  the  true  hawks,  as  distinguished 
from  the  falcons,  make  poor  helpless,  nu- 
tritious "wapoos  the  hare"  their  "piece  de 
resistance"  in  their  average  daily  bill  of 
fare. 

Even  the  otter  will  occasionally  assimi- 
late a  hare. 


And  as  for  the  "silent  smoky  Indian" 
of  the  north,  this,  the  "hare  year,"  will 
be  a  jubilee  year  for  him. 

The  moose  and  other  big  game  will  be 
comparatively  little  pursued  by  the  "silent 
smoky"  ones  this  year;  which  is  a  point 
that  I  wish  to  impress  particularly  on  the 
American  sportsman  who  contemplates 
visiting  the  North  in  the  fall,  and,  in  fact, 
is  one  of  my  chief  reasons  for  writing  this 
article.  The  American  sportsman's  logi- 
cal powers  will  at  once  enable  him  to  de- 
duce the  conclusion  that  all  over  the 
North  the  Indians  this  fall,  and  before 
(the  red  man  being  no  respecter  of  game 
laws),  will  go  to  a  great  extent  out  of  the 
hunting  business  as  far  as  big  game  is 
concerned.  Moose,  caribou  and  deer  over 
great  districts,  will  therefore  be  both  more 
plentiful  and  far  tamer.  The  American 
sportsman  will  probably  take  this  hint  in 
the  spirit  in  which  it  is  meant. 

This  superabundance  of  hares  will  make 
it  a  great  year  for  the  red  man,  and  the 
big  game,  too,  as  far  as  he  is  concerned, 
for  the  "silent  smoky"  one  hunts  for  meat, 
not  sport,  in  season  and  out  of  season. 
His  squaws  will  catch  the  rabbits,  and 
bring  them  home,  and  cook  them  (a  word 
as  to  this  cooking  later),  for  the  men  do 
not  condescend  to  hunt  wapoos.  The  wo- 
men catch  them  entirely  by  snaring.  The 
process  is  ingenious  and  simple,  requiring 
nothing  but  a  knife  and  a  bit  of  cord,  or 
even  a  strip  of  the  elastic  underbark  of 
some  trees.  I  am  not  going  to  describe  it 
here,  snaring  game  of  any  kind  being  a 
mortal  sin  in  my  eyes.  So  the 
men  will  have  a  glorious  opportun- 
ity of  doing  what  the  Turks  call 
"taking  kief"  (comfort),  and  they  will 
avail  themselves  of  it  to  the  fullest  extent. 
Nature  has  not  endowed  the  red  man  with 
that  "infinite  capacity  for  taking  pains" 
which,  according  to  Carlyle,  is  the  true 
sign  of  genius.  Charles  Reade,  by  the 
way,  says  much  more  correctly,  I  think, 
that  this  is  an  excellent  definition  of  exact- 
ly what  genius  is  not.    Be  that  as  it  may, 


124: 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


the  Indian  has  not  got  it.  Therefore  this 
summer  and  fall  he  will  pass  in  a  lotus- 
eating  dream,  recumbent  on  the  sward* 
smoking  "chinoos,"  and  reflecting  on  the 
past  glories  of  his  race,  only  rising  occa- 
sionally to  admonish  some  squaw  who  be- 
trays symptoms  of  languor,  with  a  tepee 
pole  or  a  paddle. 

And  all  these  delights  he  will  owe  to 
the  unassuming  little  animal  who  forms 
the  subject  of  this  article. 

I  spoke  just  now  of  the  Indian  squaws 
having  "to  catch  the  hare"  as  well  as  cook 
him.  I  will  now  give,  for  the  benefit  of 
housekeepers,  a  short  and  simple  recipe 
-  for  cooking  hares,  brought  back  from 
the  wilderness  by  a  recent  explorer,  from 
actual  and  careful  observation  of  the 
methods  employed  by  the  squaws.  He  ob- 
served, with  deep  interest,  the  prepara- 
tions for  a  rabbit  banquet  made  by  some 
squaws  in  the  Kippewa  district.  A  large 
cauldron  or  kettle  of  boiling  water  stood 
on  a  big  fire  before  the  Indian  lodges.  In 
front  of  it  were  squaws  with  piles  of  rab- 
bits before  them.  With  an  upward  and 
then  circular  movement  of  a  keen  knife, 
and  a  single  rapid  jerk,  the  animal  was 
divested  of  his  head  and  pelt;  with  an- 
other he  was  tossed  into  the  kettle.  As 
the  poet  Shelley  says,  "'twas  beautiful 
and  swift."  I  can  answer  for  it  that  the 
account  of  the  method  employed  is  exact, 
for  I  have  observed  the  process  myself. 
After  these  days  of  luxury  and  over-elab- 
orate menus,  there  will  surely  be  a  reac- 
tion toward  more  simple  viands,  and  then 
think  what  a  treasure  a  recipe  for  "hafe 
a  la  Indienne"  will  be  to  the  housekeeper. 
So  simple  and  so  cheap !  No  accessories, 
no  salt  even;  just  bunny  and  boiling 
water!  To  speak  more  seriously,  our 
American  hare  is,  if  properly  cooked,  quite 
as  good  for  the  table  as  his  larger  Euro- 
pean kinsman,  if  not  better;  and  I  need4 
not  inform  the  illuminati  that  hare  soup 
well  made  is  one  of  the  finest  soups  in  the 
world. 

The  hare  has  always  been  a  legitimate 
object  for  the  chase,  since  hunting  was  in- 
vented, which  was  a  tolerably  long  time 
ago.  He  has  been  pursued  with  hounds, 
from  the  fast  greyhound  to  the  slow  bea- 


gle. He  has  been  shot  over  pointers  like 
a  grouse  or  a  partridge,  as  in  England  and 
Europe  generally,  or  he  has  in  America 
been  rolled  over  in  full  career  while  gal- 
loping down  his  "runway"  in  some  tan- 
gled cedar  swamp,  a  much  more  difficult 
and  sportsmanlike  method  of  bringing 
him  to  bag.  There  is  no  doubt  that  the 
hare  is  as  legitimate  an  object  of  pursuit 
for  the  sportsman  as  any  game  animal  in 
America.  Personally,  however,  I  prefer 
shooting  any  other  kind  of  game  to  shoot- 
ing poor  wapoos  the  hare,  he  is  both  so 
intelligent  (within  marked  limitations) 
and  so  timid. 

I  saw  a  remarkable  instance  both  of 
this  intelligence  and  its  limitations  only 
last  fall.  I  had  gone  out  after  woodcock 
one  afternoon  in  October  with  a  favorite 
Irish  water  spaniel,  and  on  reaching  the 
covers  I  meant  to  shoot  over  I  found  that 
my  beagle,  Jack,  who  had  been  left  chain- 
ed up  at  home  (as  I  did  not  want  to  shoot 
anything  but  woodcock  and  ruffed 
grouse),  had  slipped  the  collar  over  his 
head  and  followed  us  at  a  respectful  dis- 
tance, till  he  knew  that  we  were  too  far 
from  home  to  take  him  back  without  los- 
ing the  day.  He  now  presented  himself 
with  every  appearance  of  deep  but  assum- 
ed penitence  and  hypocritical  repentance. 
There  was  nothing  for  it  but  to  let  him 
stay,  so  he  was  duly  reproached  and  ad- 
monished, an  ordeal  which  he  endured 
with  a  very  badly  assumed  air  of  dejec- 
tion, and  left  to  his  own  devices.  A  few 
minutes  later  he  was  "making  the  welkin 
ring"  (I  like  an  original  phrase)  with  his 
voice.  I  meanwhile  went  on  shooting  — 
or,  perhaps,  I  should  say,  trying  to  shoot 
—  woodcock.  After  the  lapse  of  a  few 
minutes,  however,  I  came  out  on  a  beau- 
tiful little  glade,  about  a  hundred  and  fif- 
ty yards  long  by  thirty  wide,  quite  open, 
and  making  a  bright  green  little  fairy  ring 
with  its  dense  wall  of  swamp  forest  all 
around  it.  A  swift,  rather  broad  stream 
rushed  through  it,  and  was  lost  in  the 
tangled  mass  of  cedar,  birches  and  wild 
grape  vines  at  the  further  end.  As  I 
came  in  at  one  end  of  it  a  fine  hare  made 
his  appearance  at  the  other,  evidently  dis- 
turbed in  his  mind  about  something,  and 
not  without  reason,  for  Jack's  ^  trailing 


A  GOOD  FALL  FOR  HARES 


125 


note,  "faint  yet  pursuing,"  could  be  heard 
in  the  distance. 

I  stood  still  to  see  what  the  hare  would 
do,  for  he  was  evidently  meditating  some 
"coup."  He  didn't  appear  the  least  fright- 
ened or  flurried,  but  went  through  the  ev- 
olutions that  followed  as  if  he  had  studied 
them  out  beforehand. 

He  first  cleared  the.  little  stream  with  a 
long  bound,  then  ran  at  full  speed  direct- 
ly towards  me  for  some  thirty  yards,  then 
jumped  the  stream  again,  and  gallopped 
directly  back  till  he  came  to  his  old  track 
where  he  had  first  crossed  the  brook ;  he 
crossed  the  stream  and  then  came  swiftly 
back  to  the  exact  spot  where  he  had  made 
his  second  crossing,  sprang  over  again, 
but  instead  of  retracing  his  old  track  as 
before,  he  made  a  tremendous  spring  to 
the  right  over  a  stretch  of  stagnant  swamp 
water  to  a  little  islet  in  the  midst  of  it, 
where  he  deliberately  and  securely  hid 
himself  in  a  fallen  pine  top.  Soon  the 
hound's  bay  grew  lounder  and  louder,  and 
by  and  by  up  he  came,  "ventre  a  terre." 
But  when  he  reached  the  stream  he  was, 
as  I  had  expected,  completely  at  fault. 
He  went  round  and  round  the  magic  circle 
of  the  trail  in  vain,  making  fruitless  casts, 
and  at  last,  obeying  my  repeated  calls, 
came  to  me,  passing  pretty  close  to  where 
the  quarry  was  hidden  in  doing  so. 

Now  came  in  that  limitation  of  the 
hare's  intellect  that  I  have  spoken  of.  He 
was  perfectly  safe  if  he  had  only  kept  still, 
having  completely  thrown  the  hound  out 
by  his  clever  manoeuvres.  When  the  lat- 
ter passed  close  to  him,  however,  his 
nerves  could  not  stand  the  near  vicinity 
of  his  dreaded  enemy  and  he  broke  cover, 
passing  within  twenty  yards  of  me. 


Of  course  I  did  noi  shoot  him,  as  he 
had  given  me  amusement  enough,  and 
moreover,  I  succeeded,  at  the  expenditure 
of  considerable  time  and  pains  in  getting 
my  hound  off  his  trail. 

One  way  in  which  excellent  sport  may 
be  had  with  the  hare  is  by  shooting  them 
in  front  of  beagles  with  a  .22  rifle  instead 
of  a  shotgun.  This  will  commend  itself 
to  the  purist  in  sport,  who  considers  a 
trout,  for  instance,  caught  with  a  worm 
as  not  caught  at  all.  Of  course,  the  user 
of  the  shotgun  will  get  most  game  in  a 
sordid  pot-hunting  sort  of  way.  The  case 
is  exactly  similar  to  that  of  the  scientific 
fisherman  who  catches  his  trout  with  the 
artificial  fly,  while  his  companion  uses  the 
humble  worm.  The  one  has  the  satisfac- 
tion of  killing  his  trout  in  a  scientific  and 
gilt-edged  fashion,  but  the  other  gets  far 
the  most  fish. 

Still  it  is  a  most  sporting  method,  and 
there  is  no  more  useful  kind  of  rifle  prac- 
tice. Last  time  I  tried  it,  I  was  very 
proud  of  killing  two  hare  at  full  speed 
going  over  rough  ground  with  a  single 
bullet.  It  rather  detracts,  however,  from 
the  eclat  of  this  performance  when  truth 
compels  me  to  state  that  I  had  previously 
missed  six.  Of  course,  all  these  would 
have  been  bagged  if  a  shotgun  had  been 
used. 

These  desultory  remarks  on  hare  shoot- 
ing must  draw  to  a  close.  I  chiefly  wish- 
ed to  draw  the  attention  of  sportsmen  to 
the  fact  that  this  is  "the  hare  year" ;  and 
that  therefore  these  animals  will  not  only 
swarm  in  the  northern  wilderness,  but 
also  be  very  abundant  —  much  more  so 
than  usual  —  even  in  settled  and  cultivat- 
ed districts. 


An  appeal  is  going  from  the  Supreme 
Court  in  Quebec  to  the  Privy  Council  in 
England  on  the  question  of  fishing  rights. 
The  late  Mr.  Foster  was  proceeded 
against  for  salmon  fishing  on  the  Moisie 
River,  it  being  held  that  the  Moisie  is 
a  navigable  stream  and  fishing  rights  be- 
ing thus  vested  in  the  Crown.  Judgment 


was  first  given  against  the  defendant  but 
the  judgment  was  set  aside  on  appeal. 
The  Supreme  Court  subsequently  con- 
firmed the  judgment  and  now  an  appeal 
is  being  taken  to  the  Privy  Council.  In 
the  meantime  the  salmon  fishing  rights 
on  the  river  have  been  leased  to  residents 
of  Quebec  and  Montreal. 


Conservation  of  Our  Natural  Resouces 


Economic  Value  of  Game  Fish  and  Other  Game 

BY  THOMAS  RITCHIE. 


APART  from  the  vast  importance  of 
conserving  what  still  remains  to 
us  of  the  wealth  in  the  timber,  etc., 
of  our  forests,  which  has  in  the 
past  been  so  shamefully  wasted,  and  of 
preserving  our  great  lakes  from  being  de- 
pleted of  their  food  fish  which  were  once 
so  abundant,  there  is  another  most  valu- 
able asset  with  which  nature  has  richly 
endowed  the  Province  of  Ontario,  of  the 
great  value  of  which  the  public  seem  to 
be  quite  ignorant,  that  is  our  game  fish 
and  other  game.  When  protection  is 
urged  for  these,  many  people  exclaim: 
"Oh !  that  is  only  a  matter  to  interest  a 
few  who  are  seeking  their  own  gratifica- 
tion in  sport;  there  is  nothing  in  it  for 
us."  Reflect  on  the  matter,  and  see  if 
this  be  so  or  not.  Let  us  enquire  of  what 
value  these  may  be  to  us,  a  value  affect- 
ing the  whole  Province. 

At  the  annual  meeting  of  the  Belleville 
branch  of  the  Forest,  Fish  and  Game  Pro- 
tective Association,  the  startling  state- 
ment was  made  that  the  conservation  of 
our  game  fish  and  other  game  is  prospec- 
tively of  more  importance  and  of  greater 
value  to  the  people  of  the  Province  than 
all  its  gold  and  silver  mines  put  together. 
This  would  seem  at  first  sight  to  most  of 
us  to  be  a  rather  broad  assertion,  espe- 
cially as  we  are  hearing  so  much  just  now 
of  Cobalt,  Gowganda,  etc.,  but  it  can  be 
shown  to  be  an  actual  fact,  startling  as  it 
may  appear. 

We  know  what  a  rich  harvest  of  mil- 
lions of  pounds  sterling  is  reaped  every 
season  in  the  north  of  Scotland  and  also 
in  Norway  bv  the  attractions  there  which 
the  game  fish,  etc.,  afford  for  wealthy 
tourists,  drawn  thither,  seeking  health  and 
pleasure.  Or  take  the  experience  of  the 
State  of  Maine,  where  we  are  furnished 
with  definite  figures.  About,  forty  years 
aso  the  people  of  Maine  awakened  to  the 
fact'that  they  had  in  their  game,  especially 


their  game  fish,  a  most  valuable  asset,  not 
consisting  in  the  value  of  the  fish  them- 
selves, but  on  account  of  the  wealth  these 
were  bringing  into  the  country  through 
tourists  attracted  thereby.  The  State 
thereupon,  when  the  public  discovered 
what  the  fish  and  game  were  doing  for 
them  in  bringing  wealth  within  their  bor- 
ders, set  themselves  to  work  to  conserve 
and  restock  their  lakes  and  rivers  and  for- 
ests and  to  thoroughly  enforce  the  legal 
regulations  to  prevent  future  depletion. 
What  now  is  the  result  of  these  wise 
precautions.  Visitors  seeking  health  and 
recreation  are  now  going  into  the  State  in 
constantly  increasing  numbers  every  sea- 
son, leaving  money  in  the  country  which 
amounts  to  an  immense  sum  annually. 

For  1907  the  State  authorities  instituted 
measures  to  ascertain  how  many  came 
into  the  State  who  were  attracted  there  by 
the  game  fish  and  other  game,  and  it  was 
found  by  actual  count  that  about  half  a 
million  persons,  men,  women  and  chil- 
dren, had  so  entered  that  one  year,  leav- 
ing in  the  country  among  hotels,  board- 
ing houses,  shops,  and  for  license  fees, 
guides,  boats,  outfits,  etc.,  between  fifteen 
and  sixteen  million  dollars,  and  this  large 
sum  was  reckoned  on  the  basis  of  only 
about  thirty  dollars  spent  by  each  person. 

Now  what  about  the  wealth  we  pos- 
sess in  our  gold  and  silver  mines  as  com- 
pared with  what  we  might  have  and 
would  eventually  have  in  our  game  fish 
and  other  game  if  popular  opinion  can  be 
sufficiently  aroused  to  see  the  value  of 
this  inheritance  and  to  force  the  govern- 
ment to  take  effective  measures  to  pre- 
serve it  from  destruction.  W e  know  that 
the  greater  part  of  the  wealth  in  the 
mines  goes  out  of  the  country  to  indi- 
viduals and  companies  outside  the  Prov- 
ince ;  what  remains  of  it  with  us  consists 
chiefly  of  wages  for  labor  and  for  machin- 
ery in  extracting  the  ore;  the  other 
brought  by  tourists  is  wealth  consisting 


CONSERVATION  OF  OUR  NATURAL  RESOURCES 


127 


of  money,  all  of  which  is  left  in  the  coun- 
try. 

Any  one  can  readily  see  what  might 
be  the  value  of  this  asset  if  wisely  used 
for  our  profit.  Ontario  is  over  three 
times  the  size  of  Maine,  and  possesses  ten 
times  the  attractions  for  those  seeking 
health  and  recreation  among  the  eighty 
millions  to  the  south  of  us  who  are  grad- 
ually finding  out  that  Ontario  is  the 
grandest  summer  resort  to  be  found  any- 
where on  the  continent,  and  that  it  is 
more  easy  of  access  for  most  of  them 
than  is  the  State  of  Maine. 

Very  few  people,  indeed,  living  in  our 
towns  and  cities  on  the  front,  have  any 
conception  whatever  of  the  vast  extent 
of  our  smaller  lakes  and  streams  stretch- 
ing away  from  the  St.  Lawrence,  north 
and  west,  through  the  whole  length  of 
Laurentian  and  Huronian  formations, 
through  Frontenac,  Lennox  and  Adding- 
ton,  Hastings,  Muskoka,  Parry  Sound, 
and  all  through  the  north  of  the  Georgian 
Bay,  Lake  Superior,  and  west  to  the  Lake 
of  the  Woods,  not  hundreds  merely,  but 
many  thousands  of  lakes  of  all  sizes,  from 
one  mile  to  fifty  miles  each  in  extent, 
lovely  in  their  wild  beauty  and  all  until 


very  lately  teeming  with  game  fish,  such 
as  black  bass,  brook  trout,  grey  trout, 
maskinonge,  etc.,  these,  together  with  the 
game  in  the  woods  such  as  deer,  ruffed 
grouse,  etc.,  would  eventually,  if  properly 
conserved,  constitute  Ontario  a  very  Mec- 
ca for  summer  tourists  and  other  pleasure 
seekers.  We  have  excellent  laws  on  our 
statute  books,  enacted  for  the  purpose  of 
protecting  the  game,  but  hitherto  they 
have  practically  been  a  dead  letter 
through  totally  inefficient  administration. 
The  result  is  those  lakes  and  streams  are 
being  rapidly  depleted  by  netting  and 
other  illegal  fishing,  and  the  game  in  the 
woods  wantonly  destroyed.  Unless  more 
active  measures  are  speedily  taken  to  en- 
force the  laws,  this  rich  heritage  with 
which  Providence  has  endowed  us  will  be 
lost  to  us  forever,  as  it  has  been  in  the 
middle  west  of  the  United  States,  but  if 
properly  administered  will  be  as  attrac- 
tive a  hundred  years  from  now  as  it  is  to- 
day. 

Is  it  not  time  that  all  those  material  re- 
sources which  nature  has  so  bountifully 
bestowed  upon  us  in  this  land  should  be 
more  effectually  looked  after  by  our  leg- 
islators? 


ASPIRATION. 

BY  CHANNING  GORDON  LAWRENCE. 

I  sat  one  day  beside  the  flowing  river 
And  watched  it  as  it  glided  on  its  way, 
So  smooth  and  placid  in  its  onward  motion, 
Avoiding  all  delay. 

Within  its  bosom  was  a  moving  purpose, 
A  longing  wish  to  reach  the  mighty  sea, 
And  all  its  strength  it  gave  to  that  one  object, 
But  yet  how  noiselessly! 

And  I  have  learned  that  somewhere  in  the  distance 
Beyond  the  mountain  and  the  spreading  lea, 
Still  moving  with  that  calm  majestic  sweetness, 
The  river  found  the  sea. 


Experiences  With  Moose 


BY  NIMROD. 


A LITTLE  experience  I  had  last  fall 
may  prove  interesting  to  some  of 
the  readers  of  Rod  and  Gun,  but  I 
doubt  if  it  will  be  as  interesting  a 
ten  minutes  as  it  was  to  me. 

I  have  been  shooting  moose  in  all  parts 
of  Ontario  and  Minnesota  for  the  last 
number  of  years,  but  the  experience  I  am 
about  to  relate  is  the  first  of  its  kind  that 
ever  happened  to  me. 

I  left  with  two  Indians  for  a  week's  trip 
into  a  country  which  I  had  previously 
visited,  and  in  which  the  Indians  had 
often  told  me  moose  were  very  plentiful, 
so  plentiful,  in  fact,  that  in  the  rutting 
season  it  wasn't  safe  to  camp  on  shore 
without  having  the  canoes  in  the  water 
all  ready  to  jump  into  at  a  moment's  no- 
tice. The  Indians  have  a  great  respect 
for  a  moose,  but  I  thought  that  the  re- 
ports were  exaggerated. 

The  first  morning,  about  ten  o'clock,  I 
was  waiting  at  the  end  of  a  portage  while 
the  boys  were  packing  the  supplies  over, 
so  I  walked  out  a  little  piece  and  there 
was  a  big  bull  with  a  spread  of  about  forty 
inches,  looking  at  me,  about  one  hundred 
yards  away.  He  wasn't  just  to  my  lik- 
ing, as  I  wanted  something  better.  Af- 
ter looking  at  me  for  about  a  minute  he 
decided  that  he  didn't  like  the  looks  of 
me  and  trotted  away. 

We  camped  that  night  on  a  point  in  a 
lake  and  shot  a  few  ducks  and  rabbits. 
In  the  morning  one  of  the  Indians  went 
down  to  the  lake  for  some  water  and 
came  running  back  quite  excited.  I 
went  down  and  there  was  a  bull  and  a 
cow  and  calf  on  the  other  shore,  evidently 
wondering  what  we  were.  I  let  them  go, 
as  I  got  where  I  intended  going,  and  knew 
if  I  shot  one  we  would  have  to  turn  back. 

We  travelled  all  day  and  saw  a  young 
cow.  About  five  o'clock  we  came  to  a 
lake  about  a  mile  by  three,  and  decided 
to  camp  on  a  sandy  beach  where  we 
could  see  all  around  the  lake. 

I  took  the  rifle  and  strolled  down  the 
beach  while  the  boys  were,  making  camp. 
I  hadn't  gone  far  when  one  of  them  came 


running  up  to  say  that  three  moose  had 
come  out  on  the  far  side  of  the  lake.  I 
got  out  my  glasses  and  saw  that  they 
were  good  big  ones,  with  a  bull  as  leader. 

We  unloaded  the  canoe,  took  axe  and 
butcher  knife  and  started.  The  moose 
were  feeding  around  a  point,  and  as  the 
wind  was  right,  we  had  no  trouble  in  get- 
ting on  to  them.  I  left  the  canoe  and 
crept  around  the  point.  The  bull  was 
standing  on  the  .shore  broadside  to  me, 
but  I  couldn't  see  the  others. 

I  shot  him  in  the  shoulder  and  he  went 
down  without  a  struggle.  Immediately 
one  of  the  others  ran  out,  smelt  him  and 
started  to  bellow  (that  hardly  describes 
the  noise,  though),  when  the  other  ran 
out  and  went  through  the  same  perform- 
ance. 

They  stayed  there  for  about  a  minute 
and  seemed  to  get  quite  furious.  I 
thought  it  time  for  them  to  leave,  so  I 
stepped  out  into  view  and  yelled  and 
waved  my  cap  at  them.  Seeing  me,  they 
left  the  dead  one  and  came  towards  me. 
Then  they  turned  back  and  smelt  the 
dead  one  and  came  on  again. 

They  repeated  this  performance  several 
times  and  never  realized  how  near  they 
were  to  death.  There  was  a  log  about 
twenty-five  yards  from  me,  and  I  made 
a  mental  resolve  that  if  they  came  to  the 
log  I  would  have  too  shoot  them,  as  with 
their  bristling  manes  and  roaring  I  didn't 
feel  like  engaging  in  a  hand-to-hand  con- 
flict with  them. 

There  were  no  trees  large  enough  for 
shelter  if  they  attacked  us,  and  one  of 
the  Indians,  who  had  come  with  me, 
wanted  me  to  shoot  them  two  or  three 
times. 

We  finally  backed  into  the  bush  and 
got  back  to  the  canoe  and  paddled  around 
to  where  the  dead  one  was.  We  yelled 
and  shouted  at  them,  but  they  didn't 
leave  until  we  got  quite  close,  when  they 
seemed  to  realize  that  the  bush  was  a 
safer  place,  and  they  turned  and  trotted 
away. 


EXPERIENCES  WITH  MOOSE 


129 


They  were  two  cows,  and  they  cerfain- 
ly  looked  pretty  fierce.  I  have  wounded 
several  bulls  in  my  time,  and  got  quite 
close  to  them  before  finishing  them,  but 
these  were  the  first  cows  that  ever  showed 
fight. 

Other  people  seem  to  have  every  moose 
they  shoot  tackle  them,  but  I  have  always 
contended  that  if  a  moose  realizes  the 
presence  of  a  human  being  he  will  try  to 
get  away,  no  matter  how  badly  wounded ; 
but  if  you  come  on  to  them  where  they 


can't  smell  you,  and  you  get  their  fight- 
ing blood  aroused,  they  will  come  to  meet 
you  the  same  as  they  would  to  any  ani- 
mal. But  once  they  realize  it  is  a  man 
they  will  try  and  get  away. 

Before  I  got  back  I  saw  several  more 
moose  and  could  have  killed  a  dozen  if  I 
had  wanted  to.  The  Indians  hadn't  ex- 
aggerated a  bit  about  the  number  of 
moose,  and  I  believe  I  struck  the  best 
place  in  Canada  for  hunting  the  King  of 
the  Forest. 


How  I  Caught  a  Big  Salmon  Trout 

BY  MASTER  TALMAN  W.  VAN  ARSDALB. 


HIS  time  papa  took  me  with  him 
because  he  thought  I  was  old 
enough  to  catch  a  small  trout. 


We  had  been  in  camp  on  the 
Lake  of  Two  Rivers,  in  Algonquin  Park, 
Ontario,  for  about  three  days  when  I 
caught  my  big  trout.  He  wasn't  caught 
in  any  extraordinary,  fish-tale  way,  but 
was  just  hooked. 

Tt  was  early  in  the  morning  when  papa, 
the  guide  and  myself  started  out  to  catch 
fish  for  dinner.  Pop  had  poor  luck,  while 
mine  was  fine.  I  had  just  hooked  two 
six-pound  beauties  when  the  rod  was 
nearly  pulled  from  my  hand.  I  held  on  and 
let  the  line  go  out  with  the  fish.  He  went 
straight  to  the  bottom  and  stayed  there, 
keeping  a  steady  pull  on  the  line,  while  I 
tried  to  coax  him  to  the  surface.  He 
wouldn't,  come,  so  I  let  him  stay  there 
and  patiently  awaited  his  pleasure. 

Time  passed  and  the  guide  remarked 
about  breakfast,  although  it  seemed  hours 
away  with  that  fish  on  the  line.  But  he 
gradually  gave  in  and  I  wound  him  in  lit- 
tle by  little.  When  he  came  into  view 
the  guide  exclaimed,  "He's  longer  than 
yours,  Mr.  Van  Arsdale.  He's  a  quarter 
as  long  as  the  canoe."  But  papa  said,  "I 
bet  he  is  two  pounds  less !" 


A  SUCCESSFUL  YOUNG  FISHERMAN. 

Master  Talman  Van  'Arsdale  (fourteen  years  of  age), 
Buffalo,  N.Y. 


We  soon  had  him  wagging  his  tail  on 
the  bottom  of  the  canoe,  where  he  let  us 
take  his  dimensions,  which  were  thirty- 
one  and  a  half  inches  long  and  ten  and  a 
half  pounds  weight.  This  was  good  pay 
for  a  three-quarter  hour  struggle. 


Can  a  Fox  Climb  a  Tree  ? 


BY  CAPTAIN  GORDON  BOLES. 


THERE  is  a  controversy  going  on 
in    an    American    journal    as  to 
whether  a  fox  is  able  to  climb  a 
tree.    Some  are  of  the  opinion  that 
he  can,  others  that  he  cannot,  and,  again, 
others  that  certain  species  of  fox  do  at 
times,  and  that  some  never  do. 

Now,  I  am  of  the  opinion  that  it  de- 
pends on  the  tree,  and  that  they  all  can 
and  do  if  they  have  an  occasion  to,  and 
the  tree  is  practicable.  Of  course,  it 
would  be  impossible  for  a  fox  to  climb  a 
straight  stem  and  the  branches  beginning 
high  up;  but  if  he  chased  a  squirrel  or 
a  bird  into  a  Norway  spruce,  in  its  natural 
growth,  he  would  get  pretty  high  up  with- 
out trouble ;  for  the  matter  of  that,  so 
would  a  dog,  especially  of  the  terrier 
breed,  and  a  fox  can  go  "one  better"  than 
a  dog  every  time. 

What  caused  this  controversy  I  don't 
know,  unless  it  was  a  reproduction  of  a 
photograph  in  "Wild  Animals  of  the 
World,"  where  a  fox  is  looking  at  some- 
thing up  in  a  tree  with  a  straight  stem 
and  no  low  branches,  and  written  below, 
"Too  difficult." 

A  fox  can  get  into'  a  tree  with  a  low 
crotch,  and  even  out  on  the  branches  if 
they  are  wide  (and  not  very  wide,  either) 
and  stiff  enough.  Why  should  he  not,  if 
he  can  run  on  the  top  of  a  rail  fence,  as 
I  have  seen  them  do? 

I  recollect  on  one  occasion  a  friend  of 
mine  had  a  fox  brought  to  him,  and  "he 
turned  it  into  a  back  yard  surrounded  by 
very  high  brick  walls ;  in  fact,  so  high 
that  it  was  impossible  for  any  animal  to 
jump  over,  not  even  a  cat,  and  he  left  it 
there,  thinking  it  was  safe,  and  went  into 
the  house.  In  about  an  hour  he  came 
out  to  see  if  the  fox  was  "on  deck."  IS[o 


fox !  He  hunted  high  and  low  and  looked 
behind  anything  that  could  possibly  have 
hidden  him ;  but  still  no  fox.  Now,  in 
this  yard  was  an  old  apple  tree  with  a  low 
crotch,  and  one  of  its  branches  being  out 
over  the  wall,  the  fox  had  jumped  into 
the  crotch,  succeeded  in  reaching  the 
branch,  and  dropped  down  outside.  This 
was  proved  by  getting  a  dog,  who  took 
up  the  scent  outside  directly  under  this 
branch. 

I  know  I  should  not  care  to  see  any  of 
my  chickens  take  to  roosting  in  any  such 
tree,  or  any  tree  of  the  spruce  or  cypress 
species,  if  foxes  were  in  the  habit  of 
prowling  around  in  their  vicinity. 

There  is  no  limit  to  what  a  fox  will  do 
to  satisfy  his  hunger,  in  the  way  of  strat- 
egy. On  one  occasion  in  England,  at 
my  home,  I  saw  two  rabbits  grazing  on 
an  open  sward  of  grass,  about  fifty  yards 
from  a  wood,  or,  as  we  should  call  it,  a 
bush.  Presently  I  saw  a  fox  come  out 
of  the  wood,  performing  all  kinds  of  an- 
tics, such  as  jumping  into  the  air,  running 
aimlessly  here  and  there,  spinning  around 
after  his  own  brush,  each  movement 
bringing  him  nearer  one  of  the  rabbits. 
The  rabbit  did  not  seem  to  mind,  and 
actually  lopped  up  nearer  to  the  fox  as 
he  spied  a  tender  blade  of  grass  or  leaf 
that  took  his  fancy.  Presently  the  fox 
got  within  a  few  feet  of  the  rabbit,  when 
he  made  one  spring,  seized  his  prey 
across  the  shoulders  and  carried  him  off. 

It  always  goes  "against  the  grain"  for 
me  to  shoot  or  trap  a  fox,  as  I  have  rid- 
den so  much  to  hounds  in  England,  where 
they  are  protected  for  that-  sport,  so  that 
when  I  see  a  fox  killed  in  any  other  way, 
I  think  "We  could  ill  have  spared  a  bet- 
ter man." 


On  the  Exhibition  Park,  Brandon, 
Manitoba,  there  is  the  nucleus  of  what 
promises  to  be  a  very  fine  herd  of  buffalo. 
They  now  number  five,  two  bulls  and 
three  heifers.  It  was  only  a  few  weeks 
ago  that  a  young  heifer  buffalo  was  born. 
At  the  head  of  the  herd  is  a  magnificent 


show  buffalo  that  came  from  the  Cana- 
dian National  Park,  Banff.  The  superin- 
tendent thinks  it  is  one  of  the  finest  speci- 
mens of  the  North  American  bison  that 
exists.  The  surroundings  of  this  herd 
are  ideal,  with  the  result  that  it  is  healthy 
and  promises  to  grow  very-  rapidly. 


DAWN. 


BY  E.  F.  DONOHOE 

T  is  born  ere  the  last  black  shade  of  night, 

Has  flown  to  its  dark  abyss ; 
It  dies  ere  the  sun's  first  ray  of  light, 

The  dew-drenched  rose  has  kissed. 

It  comes  to  warm  the  flowers  awake, 

Like  herald  in  grand  array ; 
And  bid  them  their  dreams  of  night  forsake 

And  hail  the  King  of  Day! 


DAY. 

'T  is  born  with  the  ray  of  the  amethyst  dawn, 
It  dies  with  the  twilight's  last  shade  ; 

And  vanishes  far  to  the  oblivion  past, 
Where  the  ivy  vine  mem'ry  is  made. 

'T  is  there  that  the  chances  that  slipped  from  our 
grasp 

Are  laid  in  their  sepulchre's  cold  ; 
'  And  their  ghosts  as  the  phantom  of  life's  wasted 
past, 

Will  haunt  us  for  ages  untold. 


TWILIGHT. 

It  steals  from  the  blush  of  the  setting  sun, 
And  creeps  o'er  the  drowsy  flowers  ; 

It  soothes  the  heart  of  the  pining  one, 
Ere  it  steals  to  its  airy  bowers. 

The  sun  woos  the  roses  all  the  day, 
The  moon  woos  them  all  the  night ; 

But  twilight's  the  lover  who  comes  to  pray, 
At  their  shrine,  'twixt  dark  and  light. 


NIGHT. 

It  steals  from  a  valley  behind  the  sun, 
And  hides  the  roses  from  view ; 

It  flies  ere  the  day  is  scarce  begun, 
To  the  vale  beyond  the  blue. 

It  woos  the  moon's  and  the  stars'  pale  light, 
It  charms  the  roses  to  dreams, 

It  vanishes  care  ere  it  takes  it's  flight, 
To  the  vale  where  sun  ne'er  beams. 


The  Fox  Thief 


BY  HAROLD  B.  WHIDDEN. 


MR.  WM.  POLSON,  of  Poison's 
Brook,  Nova  Scotia,  had  kindly 
invited  my  friend,  Mr.  E.  A. 
White,  and  I,  to  spend  a  few  days 
hunting  with  him.  We  accepted,  the 
blood  tingling  in  our  veins  at  the  thought 
of  being  once  more  free  from  the  town, 
and  in  the  woods  which  have  such  a  great 
fascination  for  us. 

We  proceeded  on  our  journey  for  our 
friend's  home,  which  is  about  twenty- 
three  miles  from  Antigonish,  and  as  we 
had  to  drive  through  extensive  woods  on 
our  journey,  where  we  were  very  apt  to 
see  some  partridge,  we  decided  to  take 
shot  about,  I  to  take  first  shot  and  White 
second ;  but  as  we  only  saw  one  part- 
ridge, which  I  shot,  we  felt  somewhat 
discouraged. 

In  due  time  we  arrived  at  our  destina- 
tion, and  after  partaking  of  a  very  hearty 
supper,  we  sat  by  the  fire  and  proceeded 
to  tell  stories  as  a  means  of  amusement. 
After  White  had  exhausted  his  supply  of 
yarns,  he  asked  Mr.  Poison  to  tell  us 
about  his  most  thrilling  experience  in  the 
woods. 

"The  story  that  I  am  going  to  tell  you 
is  the  honest  truth,"  said  Poison.  "It 
was  in  the  winter  of  19.06  when  I  had  my 
fox  snares  set  on  logs  which  cross  the 
brook  that  flows  through  the  big  woods 
to  the  east  of  us.  I  had  remarkably  fine 
luck  for  about  a  month.  Then  when  the 
rain  came  and  took  the  snow  away  my 
luck  appeared  to  change,  as  I  would  go 
to  my  snares  and  would  not  get  a  fox  or 
raccoon,only  dozens  of  useless  porcupines. 
Almost  every  time  I  looked  at  my  snares 
some  of  them  would  be  tangled  in  a  most 
provoking  manner,  with  fox  or  raccoon 
hair  sticking  to  the  wire.  This,  with 
other  signs  upon  the  log,  such  as  blood 
and  hair,  went  to  indicate  that  there  was 
some  mystery  in  the  matter.  After  this 
was  repeated  several  times  I  naturally 
came  to  the  conclusion  that  my  game  was 
being  stolen. 


"It  was  on  a  beautiful  morning  in  Jan^ 
uary  that  I  got  up  unusually  early,  as  the 
ground  was  covered  with  a  light  coating 
of  snow,  which  had  fallen  the  night  be- 
fore, and  I  knew  that  if  the  foxes  were 
really  being  stolen  from  me  that  this  was 
my  chance  to  track  the  thief  or  thieves. 

Taking  my  gun  and  axe  with  me,  I  pro- 
ceeded to  the  woods,  and  on  coming  to 
my  first  and  second  snares  I  was  greatly 
disappointed  at  not  seeing  a  human  track, 
and  began  to  think  that  I  was  wrong 
about  the  thieving.  When  I  came  to  the 
third  snare,  my  convictions  were  renewed 
stronger  than  ever,  as  on  the  snow  I 
could  barely  make  out  the  print  of  a  moc- 
casin. Running  and  creeping  at  inter- 
vals, making  as  little  noise  as  possible,  I 
soon  saw  in  the  distance  a  man  who,  as 
far  as  I  could  make  out,  looked  like  an 
Indian.  I  became  very  angry  at  first  as 
the  truth  dawned  upon  me  that  this  man, 
a  man  not  even  of  my  own  colour,  was 
reaping  the  reward  from  my  snares  which 
I  had  taken  so  much  time  and  pains  to 
set.  My  first  impulse  was  to  shoot  the 
thief  in  his  tracks.  But  I  changed  my 
plan  and  followed  him  to  catch  him  in  the 
act  of  stealing  my  game.  I  had  not  very 
long  to  wait,  as  in  the  very  next  snare, 
which  was  on  a  log  crossing  a  deep  pool, 
there  was  a  fox. 

"Quickening  my  pace,  I  came  up  to  the 
Indian  just  as  he  was  in  the  act  of  re- 
moving my  fox  from  the  snare.  My  in- 
dignation got  the  better  of  me,  and  I 
seemed  to  lose  my  senses  and  become  like 
a  savage.  Rushing  forward  with  my  axe 
above  my  head,  I  was  in  the  very  act  of 
splitting  the  Indian's  head  open,  when,  as 
Providence  would  have  it,  he  turned  a*id 
faced  me.  That  Indian  certainly  was 
surprised,  and  he  actually  turned  pale. 
He  soon  got  over  his  fright  and  picked  up 
his  gun,  but  before  he  could  raise  it  to 
his  shoulder,  mine  was  pointed  at  his 
heart  by  a  hand  that  almost  pulled. the 
trigger.   'Hold  up  your  hands,  you  yellow 


THE  FOX  THIEF 


133 


devil!'  I  yelled,  'or  Til  fill  you  full  of 
holes.' 

"Well,  boys,  I  certainly  was  cross,  and 
I  would  have  filled  that  yellow  skunk  so 
full  of  holes  that  there  would  not  have 
been  enough  of  him  left  for  a  funeral  if 
he  had  but  made  one  move.  'Now,  move 
on,  you  son  of  Satan,'  I  yelled,  'and  if  I 
ever  catch  you  at  my  snares  again  Til 
drive  a  load  of  buckshot  clean  through 
you.' 

"That  Indian  never  even  turned  his 
head,  but  just  ran  as  fast  as  he  could  go, 
and  I'll  wager  that  he  beat  the  cross- 


country records  by  several  minutes,  as  I 
fired  two  shots  in  the  air  and  yelled  after 
him,  'Look  out,  I'm  shooting  you,  you 
good-for-nothing  scoundrel !' 

"That,  boys,"  said  Poison,  covered  with 
perspiration,  "was  my  most  thrilling  ex- 
perience, and  I  never  want  another  any- 
thing like  it,  as  I  came  so  near  committing 
murder  on  that  occasion  that  I  could  not 
sleep  for  months  afterwards." 

White  and  I  went  shooting  partridge 
next  day,  but  on  finding  them  very  scarce, 
White  getting  two  and  I  none,  we  took 
our  departure  and  returned  home. 


THE  VOICE  OF  THE  UNTROD  TRAIL. 

WALTER  L.  THURTELL. 

It  calls  from  the  depths  of  the  forest, 
It  calls  from  the  sweep  of  the  plain, 
From  the  sun-kissed  reaches  of  river, 
That  the  shadows  of  pine-trees  stain. 
Its  breath  is  the  breath  of  the  morning 

When  slowly  the  last  stars  pale, — 
'T  is  the  soul  of  the  Northland  calling, 

'T  is  the  Voice  of  the  Untrod  Trail. 

From  the  swing  of  the  Great  Bear's  forage, 
From  the  realm  where  the  Pole  Star  gleams, 
From  the  mazy  aisles  of  the  woodlands, 
From  the  leap  of  the  thousand  streams, 
Its  lure  laughs  at  leagues  and  o'erleaps  them, 

Till  it  reaches  the  busiest  mart, 
And  the  soft,  sweet  call  of  the  distance 

Finds  response  in  the  echoing  heart. 

Oh,  it's  off  for  the  land  of  the  portage, 

Of  rapid  and  eddy  and  bend, 

With  the  wine  of  the  dawn  at  the  starting,. 

The  soothe  of  the  stars  at  the  end. 

'T  is  the  Spring-time  today  and  the  sunshine, 

That  tomorrow  may  die,  will  not  fail, 
So  we're  off,  brothers  all,  for  we'll  answer 

The  Voice  of  the  Untrod  Trail. 


Fish  and  Game  Protection  in  Nova  Scotia 


BY  HENRY  O'LEARY. 


SEEING  a  great  deal  in  the  March 
number  of  your  valuable  magazine 
about  the  good  work  being  done  by 
the  People's  Fish  and  Game  Protec- 
tive Association  of  Nova  Scotia,  I  would 
like  to  say  that  it  is  about  time  something 
was  being  done  in  this  part  of  the  Prov- 
ince (West  Quoddy)  to  protect  our  sal- 
mon and  trout  from  wholesale  slaughter 
during  open  as  well  as  close  season. 

Last  June  and  July  our  river  was  block- 
ed with  both  salmon  and  trout  nets,  which 
made  it  almost  impossible  for  the  salmon 
or  trout  to  get  up  into  the  lakes  from  the 
harbor.  The  only  chance  for  any  fish  to 
get  up  stream  was  during  a  heavy  freshet, 
which  swept  the  nets  too  high  off  the  bot- 
tom and  gave  the  fish  a  chance. 

Then,  again,  as  soon  as  the  ice  was 
strong  enough  to  permit  fishing  through 
it  for  trout,  there  was  hardly  a  week 
passed  without  a  party  of  men  and  boys 
fishing  and  taking  good  catches  of  trout 
and  an  occasional  salmon,  parties  of  trout- 
ers  or  poachers  coming  a  distance  of  seven 
or  eight  miles  to  fish  through  the  ice. 
One  party  from  Moser  River  camped  at 
Fourth  lake  so  as  to  take  out  a  good  back 
load  of  trout.  It  is  unlawful  to  fish 
through  the  ice  for  trout  or  salmon,  also 
to  fish  with  gill  nets  for  salmon  and  trout 
by  blocking  the  river.  Now,  why 'does 
the  People's  Fish  and  Game  Protective 
Association  take  no  interest  in  this  mat- 
ter? This  is  not  the  first  time  that  it  has 
been  brought  to  their  notice,  and  we  are 
about  tired  asking  to  have  two  men  ap- 
pointed to  look  after  the  river.  What 
we  want  is  to  see  fewer  laws  made  and 
better  enforcement  of  the  laws  that  stand 
for  sensible  protection  of  fish  and  game. 
I  notice  that  the  laws  are  very  strict 
against  any  wealthy  American  sportsman 
coming  here  to  fish  for  salmon  and  sea 
trout  without  a  license.  Even  though  he 
does  leave  two  or  three  hundred  dollars 
in  the  place  for  guides'  wages,  board,  etc. 
Those  men  are  true  sportsmen  and  are 


willing  to  spend  their  money  freely,  but 
when  they  pay  a  license,  and  our  govern- 
ment does  not  protect  the  fish  and  game, 
they  do  not  know  what  they  are  paying 
for,  unless  it  is  the  privilege  of  increasing 
the  guides'  earnings,  etc.  Those  men  are 
not  game  or  fish  hogs,  and  only  kill 
enough  fish  for  table.  I  can  vouch  for 
this  from  twelve  years'  guiding.  At  my 
camps  at  Second  lake,  on  Quoddy  river, 
for  the  last  few  years,  one  gentleman  and 
his  son,  from  Philadelphia,  have  been 
spending  three  or  four  weeks  every  sum- 
mer, and  I  can  show  proof  of  their  return- 
ing as  many  as  sixty  large  trout  to  the 
lakes  again  in  one  day,  only  keeping  eight 
trout  for  table. 

During  their  stay  they  only  killed  one 
trout  out  of  every  ten  landed.  I  can  also 
say  the  same  for  the  sportsmen  who  came 
here  from  Hartford,  Conn.  I  believe  we 
should  have  a  limit  of  twenty-five  trout 
to  a  rod  for  one  day,  and  a  size  limit  of 
seven  inches.  I  am  a  member  of  the 
Truro  branch  of  the  People's  Fish  and 
Game  Protective  Association,  and  they 
have  the  names  of  the  men  that  we  want 
appointed  as  guardians  Yor  our  river,  etc. 

At  Moser  River,  hundreds  of  salmon 
are  destroyed  every  year  by  drailing  and 
in  the  fishway,  and  the  need  of  a  man  to 
look  after  them  is  most  urgent. 

Moser  River  has  one  of  the  best  game 
wardens  in  Nova  Scotia,  and  moose  are 
plentiful  there.  If  the  river  was  looked 
after  there  is  no  reason  why  a  good  sal- 
mon stream  like  Moser  River  should  not 
accommodate  fifteen  wealthy  American 
tourists  for  one  month  every  year.  This 
would  leave  no  less  than  two  thousand 
dollars  in  the  place,  which  would  make 
every  salmon  taken  with  rod  and  line 
worth  its  weight  in  dollars;  whereas 
those  taken  in  nets  and  with  spears 
are  only  worth  their  weight  in  dead 
fish.  . 


THE  "CANUCK." 

"Drifting  but  homeward  bound.' 


A  Sporting  Trip  in  the  "Canuck" 

Good  Shooting  Near  Vancouver 

BY  R.  K.  SCARLETT. 


TARBOARD  your  helm !" 
"Starboard  your  helm !" 
"Do  you  hear?    Starboard  your 


helm !" 

I  laugh  yet  when  I  think  of  a  trip  last 
fall  made  in  my  yacht  "Canuck."  The 
trip  was  made  during  a  fog  so  thick  it 
was  impossible  to  distinguish  an  object 
more  than  a  few  yards  away. 

On  the  occasion  mentioned  a  party  com 
posed  of  Walter  Carral,  William  Murray, 
Ed.  Sellery,  Harry  Blackburn  and  my- 
self, all  of  Vancouver,  decided  to  try  our 
luck  on  a  day's  shoot  up  the  North  Arm 
of  Burrard  Inlet,  and  selected  a  place 
called  Wood's  Landing,  which  is  about 
ten  miles  from  Vancouver. 

We  left  the  anchorage  of  the  Royal 
Vancouver    Yacht    Club    about  twelve 


o'clock  of  a  September  night  with  the 
tide  just  commencing  to  flood.  There 
was  a  slight  mist  hovering  over  the  main 
harbor,  yet  not  enough  to  shut  out  our 
view  of  the  shore  on  either  side.  No 
trouble  was  anticipated,  though  we  car- 
ried no  compass.  (My  compass  had  been 
loaned  to  a  friend  off  on  a  cruise.) 

All  was  merry  till  the  Second  Narrows, 
which  lies  near  the  eastern  boundary  of 
the  city,  was  reached.  Not  a  breath  of 
air  was  stirring  and  we  were  jogging 
along  under  power.  I  was  busy  looking 
after  the  engine  below,  while  Walter 
Carral  was  at  the  tiller.  The  swaying 
of  the  Canuck  warned  me  that  we  were 
entering  the  Narrows,  but  as  Walter  had 
many  times  previously  piloted  her 
through  wthout  mishap,  I  did  not  bother 


136  ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


The  Man  Who  Did  the  Deed. 


coming  up  on  deck.  A  moment  later, 
however,  I  hurried  up  to  find  out  what 
all  the  commotion  on  deck  was  about. 
With  the  shuffling  of  the  boys'  feet  and 
the  noise  of  a  fog-horn  I  became  a  little 
alarmed. 

As  soon  as  I  poked  my  head  through 
the  main  hatchway  I  sized  matters  up. 
We  had  suddenly  run  into  a  thick  fog 
bank  at  the  worst  point  in  the  narrows. 
The  fog-horn  I  heard  was  being  blown 
by  a  party  on  a  launch  which  had  piled 
up  on  shore.  They  kept  blowing  con- 
tinuously (many  thanks  to  them),  so  that 
we  could  get  our  bearings  and  keep  in 
the  channel.  The  Canuck  draws  over 
six  feet,  and  great  care  had  to  be  taken. 

We  were  soon  through  the  Narrows 
and  navigating  a  much  wider  channel. 
The  fog  appeared  to  be  laying  in  streaks 
and  very  low,  as  occasionally  we  could 
see  the  blue  sky  and  stars  overhead,  when 


it  was  impossible  to  make  out  the  look- 
out stationed  on  the  bowsprit. 

Where  we  were  I  had  an  idea,  but 
where  we  were  heading  I  was  not  sure, 
so  I  throttled  the  engine  down  to  its 
slowest  notch.  At  the  speed  we  were 
travelling  I  knew  little  damage  could  be 
done  if  we  did  hit  anything,  and  with  the 
tide  rising  it  would  be  a  simple  matter 
to  float  her  if  we  ran  ashore. 

Murray  was  lookout,  straddling  the 
bowsprit,  and  Walter  held  the  tiller.  I 
was  running  up  and  down  to  and  from 
the  engine,  and  of  course  on  each  occa- 
sion I  disappeared  below,  lost  my  bear- 
ings. Occasionally  I  would  go  forward 
and  ask  the  lookout  how  her  head  was 
and  make  suggestions.  We  wanted 
about  a  nor'east  course,  and  not  one 
aboard  agreed  with  the  other  as  to  how 
we  were  heading.  Murray  in  the  fog 
felt  she  was  working  to  starboard  all  the 
time.  Every  time  I  appeared  on  deck  I 
would  hear  Murray  shouting: 

"Starboard  your  helm,  Walter,  star- 
board!   Do  you  hear  me  —  starboard  ?*' 


-UP  ALOFT. 

The  Author  standing  in  the  spreaders. 


HUNTERS    AND  HUNTED. 

Wash  -Day  Aboard. 


Walter  would,  of  course,  give  her  a  lit- 
tle starboard  helm,  which  in  the  dense 
fog  Murray  could  not  notice,  and  away  he 
would  go  again : 

"Starboard,  Walter,  starboard!" 

"For  God's  sake  starboard  your  helm 
a  little!" 

"Hard-a-starboard !" 

That  kind  of  dialogue  went  on  at  fre- 
quent intervals  for  hours. 

At  one  time  when  on  deck  I  sighted  the 
north  star  and  instructed  Walter  to  steer 
by  that  for  a  while.  While  I  was  below 
the  fog  thickened  overhead  again  and  the 
star  was  lost  to  view.  Again  they  had  to 
judge  their  course  as  best  they  could. 

The  first  thing  I  heard  when  I  appeared 
again  was : 

"Starboard,  Walter." 

"For  heaven's  sake,  starboard  your 
helm !  What's  the  use  of  me  shouting 
my  lungs  out  if  you  do  not  heed?" 

The  north  star  appeared  directly  over 
our  stern  instead  of  ahead  of  us.  I 
laughed  so  heartily  when  I  caught  sight 
of  it  I  lost  my  balance  and  fell  over  into 
the  cockpit.  When  I  got  on  my  feet 
again  and  stopped  laughing  I  pointed  to 
the  star,  which  was  now  over  on  our  port 
side. 

Murray  took  this  opportunity  to  tell 
our  helmsman  that  that  was  what  result- 


ed through  him  not  following  his  direc- 
tions. 

"Starboard,  Walter,  starboard  vour 
helm !" 

Poor  Walter  had  all  the  time  been  fol- 
lowing orders  and  the  consequence  was 
that  for  hours  we  kept  going  round  and 
round  in  a  circle. 

The  fog  cleared  a  little  and  from  the 
yacht  we  could  barely  make  out  the  shore 
line  on  our  port  side.  Where  we  were 
there  appeared  to  be  a  ridge  of  mountains, 
and  this  we  took  to  be  a  ridge  near  Deep 
Cove,  which  we  had  to  pass  on  our  port 
on  our  way  to  Wood's.  The  sound  of  a 
whistle  of  a  train  directly  behind  us  in 
the  distance,  just  at  that  moment,  assur- 
ed us  all  that  we  were  right  and  had  been 
heading  pretty  well  nor'east  all  the  time. 

Had  we  been  where  we  figured  we  were 
the  sound  of  a  train  whistle  would  have- 
come  from  astern. 

We  were  just  complimenting  one  an- 
other on  our  good  judgment  when  sud« 
denly  out  of  the  fog  behind  appeared  a 
strong  searchlight,  which  almost  dazzled 
us.  I  became  excited  and -  hollered  to 
Walter  to  head  her  for  shore,  thinking 
a  steamer  was  coming  down  on  us.  No 
sooner  had  we  got  her  head  around  than 
a  Canadian  Pacific  passenger  train  rum- 
bled by  right  across  our  bow. 


138 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


"ON  THE  POOP  DECK." 

The  Captain,  the  Cook  and  the  Greaser  after  Splicing 
the  Main  Brace. 

Never  were  there  a  more  amazed  and 
bewildered  lot  of  fellows.  I  immediately 
ordered  the  anchor  lowered,  as  we  were 
very  close  to  the  shore,  and  after  the 
sound  of  the  chain  running  through  the 
chocks  had  died  away,  the  power  of 
speech,  which  had  departed  for  the  mo- 
ment, returned.  Then  we  began  to  figure 
out  our  position. 

It  was  still  quite  thick,  and  we  were  un- 
able to  determine  the  locality  we  were  an- 
chored in.  Still  we  knew  we  were  laying 
on  the  south  shore  of  Burrard  Inlet,  along 
which  the  C.  P.  R.  has  its  tracks,  on  the 
opposite  side  to  that  we  were  trying  to 
get  to,  and  at  least  five  miles  from  the 
point  we  had  figured  on  before  the  train 
had  crossed  our  bows. 

It  was. then  after  three  in  the  morning, 
and  as  I  did  not  care  to  do  any  further 
navigating  in  the  fog  at  night  without  a 
compass,  we  put  out  a  riding  light  and 
turned  in  for  some  sleep. 

About  six  o'clock  one  of  the  crew 
awoke  and  roused  us  all.  It  was  broad 
daylight  and  I  could  see  through  the 
ports  we  were  very  close  in  shore,  and 
thinking  possibly  there  was  very  'little 
water  under  us,  jumped  into  my  trousers 
and  went  above  for  the  lead  line  to  find 
out  just  what  depth  we  lay  in.  I  found 
good  four  fathoms  and  was  eased  on  that 
score. 

The  fog  was  still  quite  dense  and  al- 
though we  could  not  tell  exactly  where 


•we  were  anchored,  we  knew  from  the  lay 
of  the  shore  line  that  we  had  not  made 
much  headway  after  getting  through  the 
Narrows  the  night  before. 

The  reason  for  our  not  hearing  the 
noise  of  the  approaching  train  which  had 
startled  us  during  the  early  hours  was 
owing  to  a  sharp  point  which  it  had  to 
round,  and  behind  which  we  were  so  busy 
running  about  in  a  circle. 

While  Chief  Cook  "Bill"  Murray  was 
preparing  breakfast  I  had  several  feet  of 
anchor  chain  hauled  aboard,  and  then 
started  the  engines,  hugging  the  shore  for 
fear  of  getting  lost  again.  We  left  the 
anchor  hang  to  warn  us  when  we  got  in 
too  shallow  waters. 

We  followed  the  shore  line  about  three 
miles,  passing  the  large  sawmills  at  Bar- 
net,  and  anchored  again  at  Aliceville, 
which  is  barely  four  miles  from  the  city 
of  Vancouver.  We  decided  to  try  our 
luck  with  the  guns  here. 

By  ten  o'clock  the  fog  lifted  consider- 
ably and  Messrs.  Murray,  Sellery  and 
Blackburn  went  ashore,  while  Walter  and 
myself  remained  aboard  to  clean  up.  Sel- 
lery had  hardly  stepped  across  the  tracks 
of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway,  which 
follow  the  shores  of  Burrard  Inlet,  before 
he  secured  a  fine  specimen  of  a  blue 
grouse.  He  delivered  this  over  to  Harry 
Blackburn  and  struck  off  alone,  return- 
ing in  about  three-quarters  of  an  hour 
with  about  a  hundred-pound  deer  over  his 
shoulder.  The  Other  two  hunters  return- 
ed a  few  minutes  ahead  of  him  with  two 
more  grouse. 

For  about  one  hour's  shoot  within  a 
few  miles  of  Vancouver,  a  city  of  over 
eighty  thousand  population,  and  not  much 
more  than  a  stone's  throw  from  the  main 
line  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway,  I 
consider  this  an  excellent  showing. 

We  left  for  home  early,  fearing  the  fog 
would  come  on  again  before  evening,  ar- 
riving in  good  time. 

On  another  occasion  a  party  of  us  went 
ashore  at  the  same  place  and  saw  many 
fresh  signs  of  deer.  There  are  plenty  of 
grouse  in  the  same  neighborhood. 

The  illustrations  appearing  with  this 
article  show  a  party  of  seven.  Two  of 
the  boys  are  New  Westminster  lads  who 
came  along  with  their  guns,  and  whom 
we  invited  aboard  for  lunch.  s 


The  Angler's  Home. 


A  Paradise  for  Anglers 

BY  MISS  LOTTIE  MACNIVEN. 


THE  sail  from  Burleigh  was  delight- 
ful, the  weather  perfect,  and  the 
passengers  of  the  "Ogemah"  thor- 
oughly enjoyed  the  day.  They  had 
lunched  at  Burleigh,  in  the  beautiful  Ka- 
wartha  Lakes  district  of  the  Province  of 
Ontario,  and  spent  an  hour  roaming  over 
the  lovely  rocks  of  that  wildly  beautiful 
spot. 

There  is  something  very  attractive 
about  the  rocks  of  Burleigh.  They  pos- 
sess such  drawing  powers  that  even  the 
most  travelled  and  blase  of  mortals,  when 
in  this  region,  loosen  themselves  from 
the  harness  of  conventionality  and  draw 
deep  breaths  of  nature,  pure  and  unal- 
loyed. 

Herein  lies  one  great  charm  of  the  dis- 
trict. There  are  no  architectural  palaces 
of  marble  and  granite,  such  as  adorn  the 


different  "Thousand  Islands,"  and  the 
shores  of  Lake  Ontario,  but  there  is  na- 
ture in  her  purity  and  beauty,  majestic 
beyond  the  highest  flights  of  man's  fancy 
or  ambition.  Resting  for  even  a  short 
space  of  time  among  these  natural  beau- 
ties, one  forgets  the  existence  of  such 
things  as  dress  suits  or  decolette  cos- 
tumes; forgets  everything  save  the  joy 
of  living  in  such  surroundings,  and  pays 
tribute  to  the  God  who  made  it  all. 

The  boat  sailed  quickly  up  to  the  Bob- 
caygeon  wharf  in  the  evening,  and  the 
two  men  leaning  over  the  rail  of  the  deck 
prepared  to  leave  the  vessel. 

Singularly  handsome  was  the  elder, 
with  his  high  intellectual  forehead  and 
firmly  set  mouth.  You  could  place  him 
almost  immediately  as  the  man-of-affairs 


140 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


who  had  kept  his  honor  stainless  even 
through  successful  business  life. 

But  the  struggle  had  told.  The  thick 
locks  around  his  forehead  were  almost 
white,  and  its  heavy  lines  had  not  all 
been  produced  by  advancing  years.  The 
large  dark  eyes  had  a  tired,  yearning  ex- 
pression, as  if  in  the  battle  for  wealth  and 
position  something  had  been  missed. 

The  young  man  watched  him  keenly  as 
they  landed  together  and  started  to  walk 
up  to  the  hotel. 

"I  like  this.     Do  you  know,  I  have  not 


into  my  dotage,  but  I  feel  like  getting 
into  a  sweater  once  again.  I  would  like 
to  get  out  in  a  boat  with  a  trolling  line. 
Do  you  suppose  I  can  spare  a  few  days 
more  Ross?" 

Ross  smiled.  He  said  nothing  about 
the  two  telegrams,  resting  safely  in  his 
pocket,  and  which  he  had  waylaid  that 
morning  before  they  reached  his  employ- 
er. But  he  thought  of  the  look  in  a  pair 
of  beautiful  dark  eyes  which  had  been 
raised  to  his  the  day  previous,  before  he 
left  Toronto. 


eaten  such  a  meal  in  years  as  I  took  on 
board  that  boat  to-night?  Strange,  is  it 
not,  that  the  naxigation  companies  get  all 
the  good  cooks?  Ours  receives  twenty 
dollars  a  week  and  we  never  have  any- 
thing I  can  eat." 

The  young  man  did  not  reply  and  the 
other  spoke  again. 

"They  say  the  fishing  in  these  waters 
is  the  best  in  Canada.  I  have  not  fished 
for  years  and  suppose  I  must  be  getting 


"Take  him  to  some  place  where  he  can 
rest.  Keep  him  away  as  long  as  you  can. 
He  is  breaking  down,  but  no  one  dare  hint 
such  a  thing  to  him ;  and  I  love  dear 
daddy  better  than  anyone  on  earth." 

The  last  words  made  Livingstone  Ross 
wince  slightly.  Although  he  was  only 
private  secretary  to  C.  Hunter  Strong, 
the  wealthy  bank  director,  he  would 
greatly  have  preferred  coming  ahead  of 
even  daddy  in  the  affections  of  the  beau- 


A  PARADISE  FOR  ANGLERS. 


141 


tiful  dark-eyed  girl.  It  was  small  wonder 
he  smiled  now.  What  a  farce  it  seemed 
to  hear  the,  magnate,  who  could  count  his 
annual  income  in  five  figures,  wonder  if 
a  few  days  could  be  spared. 

-  It  would  never  do,  however,  to  let  him 
suspect  any  one  was  watching  him,  or  he 
would  have  taken  the  morning  train  and 
been  in  Toronto  the  following  day  at 
noon.  So  Livingstone  Ross's  voice  seem- 
ed almost  careless  as  he  answered:  "You 
left  things  in  good  shape.  You  can  eas- 
ily be  spared  for  a  day  or  two." 


employer  had  not  been  dragged  from 
work  much  too  soon. 

The  sail  from  Bobcaygeon  was  a  repeti- 
tion of  the  beauties  of  the  previous  day, 
and  the  breakfast  in  the  cool  dining  room 
of  the  Esturian  was  thoroughly  enjoyed 
by  both  men.  The  gleam  of  canvas  flash- 
ed upon  their  sight  at  many  points,  show- 
ing where  campers  were  enjoying  the 
shade  and  splendid  fishing  of  the  region, 
and  at  Sturgeon  Point  they  changed  their 
quarters  for  the  Manita  and  sailed  up  to 
Fenelon  Falls. 


Among  the  Islands  of  Stoney  Lake. 


"Do  you  believe  me,  Ross,"  said  Mr. 
Strong  next  morning,  as  they  hurried 
down  the  wharf  to  catch  the  Esturian,  "I 
slept  like  a  log.  The  porter  had  to  call 
me  twice.  The  air  out  here  must.be  be- 
witched. In  the  past  five  years  I  have 
not  slept  more  than  four  hours  on  an  av- 
erage out  of  the  twenty-four." 

"I  slept  well,  too.  This  air  is  fine," 
Ross  answered  ;  but  he  thought  that  his 


"That  oak  grove  almost  tempted  me  to 
remain,"  said  Mr.  Strong  as  they  left 
Sturgeon  Point  wharf.  "It  is  a  lovely 
spot ;  but  I  have  heard  so  much  about 
the  maskinonge  of  Fenelon  River,  and  the 
black  bass  of  Cameron  Lake,  that  we  had 
better  go  on.  And,  then,"  he  continued, 
"there  is  no  railroad  at  Sturgeon  Point. 
We  can  get  the  Grand  Trunk  at  Fenelon 
Falls  or  Coboconk  and  be  in  Toronto  in 
a  few  hours  should  a  telegram  come." 


142 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


They  reached  Fenelon  Falls  in  time  for 
lunch,  and  before  twelve  o'clock  were  en- 
joying themselves  on  the  wide  piazza  of 
Hotel  Kawartha. 

During  the  afternoon  Mr.  Ross  arrang- 
ed for  a  guide  for  the  following  day,  and 
then  endeavored  to  get  Mr.  Strong  out  for 
a  walk.  "They  have  two  of  the  finest 
power  houses  in  Ontario  here.  Suppose 
we  go  over  and  see  them.  They  are  just 
across  the  bridge." 

But  Mr.  Strong  refused  to  move. 
Stretched  in  a.  hammock  he  lay  all  the 
afternoon,  in  the  lovely  breeze,  the  smoke 
of  his  fragrant  cigar  curling  slowly  up- 
wards, and  his  cares  slipping  from  him 
to  the  noise  of  falling  water. 

After  dinner  both  sat  and  smoked  on 
the  upper  piazza  of  the  western  side  of 
the  hotel.  For  some  time  they  talked 
of  the  next  day's  fishing;  but  as  the  sun 
began  to  sink  silence  fell  upon  them. 
Slowly  the  great  ball  of  fire  lowered  from 
sight,  and  Cameron  Lake  stretched  before/ 
their  sight  a  wavy  mass  of  gold  and  crim- 
son. 

Mr.  Strong  leaned  forward.  "If  I  were 
an  artist,"  he  almost  whispered,  "perhaps 
I  could  paint  it,  but  it  cannot  be  describ- 
ed in  words." 

They  were  down  the  river  in  a  skiff 
with  a  first-class  guide  and  everything 
requisite  for  a  day's  fishing  before  seven 
o'clock  the  next  morning.  Mr.  Strong 
had  the  trolling  line,  and  just  as  they 
reached  the  lumbermen's  camp  he  leaned 
eagerly  forward.  "There  is  something  on 
it,  and  it  is  pulling.    It  must  be  a  fish !" 

The  guide  stopped  rowing.  . 

"Shall  I  draw  it  in  for  you,  sir?' 

"No,  no.  Keep  on  rowing  slowly ;  I 
can  get  it  in." 

Mr.  Strong's  eyes  were  flashing.  The 
lines  in  the  high  white  forehead  were 
smoothing.  He  looked,  save  for  the 
white  locks,  like  a  boy  of  fifteen  years 
old. 

"It  is  a  beauty!"  he  said  as  he  drew  it 
in  deftly,  the  almost  forgotten  skill  of  his 
boyhood's  days  returning  in  a  flash. 

A  beauty  it  certainly  was:  Nineteen 
pounds  and  three-quarters,  the  scales  de- 
clared it,  when  it  was  weighed  at  the 
hotel  that  night,  with  the  other  two  mas- 


kinonge  and  eleven  bass  they  had  cap- 
tured. 

"Better  wire  Johnstone  that  we  will  not 
be  back  for  a  few  days,  but  tell  him  to 
ring  up  if  anything  urgent  occurs.  We 
can  get  home  from  here  in  a  few  hours," 
Mr.  Strong  told  Ross  at  the  dinner  table 
that  evening. 

The  business  must  have  run  smoothly, 
for  no  disturbing  messages  reached  Mr. 
Strong  during  the  month  they  remained 
in  Fenelon  Falls. 

They  fished  in  the  river,  and  in  Camer- 
on and  Balsam  Lakes.  They  lunched  at 
half  a  dozen  different  camps  along  the 
lake  shores,  and  Mr.  Strong's  step  grew 
more  buoyant  and  his  laugh  more  ring- 
ing each  day.  The  luck  of  their  first 
day's  fishing  never  deserted  them  during 
their  stay.  One  morning  they  took  a 
lunch  out  with  them  and  camped  at  Rose- 
dale.  It  was  growing  towards  evening 
as  they  drew  in  their  lines,  and  the  sun 
was  slowly  sinking  from  sight  in  a  blaze 
of  color  almost  beyond  description. 

"I  would  like  to  bivouac  here  all  night. 
It  reminds  me  of  the  time  Paterson,  Hen- 
derson and  I  camped  at  Murray  Bay  in 
our  second  year  at  McGill.  It  seems  only 
yesterday,  but  Henderson  is  a  professor 
in  an  American  university,  with  half  a 
dozen  letters  after  his  name,  and  Pater- 
son has  been  dead  for  years.  How  these 
few  days  have  drawn  me  back  to  the  old 
days  !  I  have  been  a  successful  man  ;  all 
my  undertakings  have  turned  out  well, 
but  money  is  not  everything." 

He  spoke  softly  as  they  were  slowly 
rowed  up  the  river,  and  Ross  did  not  re- 
ply. Mr.  Strong's  frame  of  mind  was 
just  then  exactly  as  his  private  secretary 
desired  that  it  should  be;  and  in  almost 
perfect  silence,  save  for  the  dipping  of 
the  oars,  they  reached  the  upper  wharf  at 
Fenelon  Falls. 

The  longing  look  in  Mr.  Strong's  eyes 
had  vanished  entirely,  and  the  pallor  of 
his  skin  had  given  place  to  a  splendid  coat 
of  tan,  when  at  last  they  prepared  to 
leave.  He  had  gained  twenty  pounds  in 
weight,  and  looked  twenty  years  younger 
than  on  the  day  of  his  arrival. 

"This  is  one  of  the  most  beautiful  spots 
on  earth,"  he  said  to  Ross,  as  they  board- 
ed the  train  for  Toronto.     "We^are  only 


A  PARADISE  FOR  ANGLERS 


143 


going  through  life  once,  and  we  make  a 
tremendous  mistake  if  we  miss  all  the 
beauty  in  our  mad  rush  after  wealth.  Of 
what  use  is  our  money  if  it  gives  us  no 
happiness?  We  can  not  take  it  with  us 
when  our  sojourn  here  is  end»d.     I  am 


coming  back  here  for  two  months  next 
summer." 

Herein  lies  a  second  charm  of  the  dis- 
trict: No  man,  woman  or  child  ever  vis- 
its the  Kawartha  Lakes  without  wishing 
to  return ! 


A  Long  Distance  Operation 

BY  R.  MANLY  ORR. 


WHEN  he  was  a  little  calf  in  the 
pen,  just  able  to  bunt  over  a  pail 
of  milk,  we  children  named  him 
"Bluederry." 

The  fitness  of  this  name  has  ofteji  been 
debated,  and  could  be  still,  but  for  this 
present  story  let  it  suffice  to  know  that 
"Bluederry  was  his  name.  For  a  year 
he  grew  and  developed  with  every  pros- 
pect of  some  day  becoming  prime  beef; 
and  then  there  came  into  his-  physical  life 
the  blemish  which  blighted  this  hope  and 
forms  the  subject  of  the  present  sketch. 

On  the  inside  of  his  right  hind  leg,  just 
at  the  knee-joint,  there  developed  a  swell- 
ing which  grew,  and  grew,  and  continued 
to  grow  without  the  least  sign  of  break- 
ing. For  a  long  time  this  swelling  seem- 
ed to  have  no  more  effect  on  "Bluederry" 
than  to  render  that  leg  a  trifle  stiff,  but 
after  it  had  kept  continually  increasing 
for  a  little  over  a  year,  it  became  so  great 
in  size  that  the  most  prominent  point  of 
it  rubbed  against  the  knee  of  his  left  leg 
every  time  he  took  a  step. 

Sometimes  we  thought  it  would  go 
away  as  it  had  come  and  sometimes  we 
thought  it  would  kill  him,  but  when  con- 
siderable time  went  by  and  it  did  neither 
we  commenced  to  think  that  possibly 
something  should  be  done.  We  thought 
of  a  veterinary  surgeon,  but  the  nearest 
one  was  twenty-five  miles  off,  and  the 
cost  of  bringing  him  would  be  more  than 
"Bluederry's"  whole  carcass  was  worth. 
Then  we  thought  of  operating  on  the 
swelling  ourselves,  but  the  idea  was  soon 
abandoned,  for  in  the  first  place  "Blue- 
derry" ran  loose  all  the  year  round  and 
we  would  be  sure  to  hurt  his  swollen  leg 
in  throwing  him  for  the  operation,  and 
in  the  second  place  if  we  had  him  thrown 
who  would  want  the  task  of  lancing  this 


monster  gathering  of  corruption?  We 
could  think  of  nothing  possible  that  we 
might  do  to  relieve  him  and  so  for  another 
period  he  was  allowed  to  run  with  the 
other  cattle,  neglected. 

One  evening  in  midsummer,  when  the 
work  of  the  day  had  all  been  completed, 
I  remember  seeing  father  come  out  of  the 
house  with  the  .44  calibre  Winchester  un- 
der his  arm,  and  just  as  I  ran  out  to  meet 
him  (and  ask  questions)  mother  came  out 
after  him  and  said:  "John,  what  are  you 
going  to  shoot?" 

"Oh,  there's  going  to  be  some  fun  down 
in  the  pasture,"  he  said,  laughing,  "come 
to  the  fence  and  look  on." 

I  remember  we  all  followed  him  as  far 
as  the  pasture  gate  while  he  went  on  in 
to  where  the  cattle  were  grazing.  Soon 
we  saw  him  single  out  "Bluederry"  and 
slowly  drive  him  out  of  the  herd  a  little 
way.  The  next  thing  we  saw  was  father 
on  his  hands  and  knees  on  the  grass  and 
"Bluederry"  staring  at  him  with  lowered 
head  just  as  any  steer  would  regard  a 
strange  animal.  Father  moved  just  a  lit- 
tle to  get  squarely  in  front  of  him,  and 
then  rising  on  one  knee  we  saw  the  Win- 
chester levelled,  not  at  "Bluederry's" 
head,  as  we  expected,  but  at  the  swell- 
ing. There  was  a  moment  of  suspense. 
We  all  held  our  breath.  Then  the  Win- 
chester said  "Bang!"  but  "Bluederry"  in 
response  said  "B-o-o-a-h !"  and  jumped 
about  a  foot  off  the  ground.  Father  had 
shot  through  between  his  legs  and  cut  the 
cap  off  the  swelling  with  a  bullet. 

If  my  memory  serves  me  right,  fathei 
rolled  over  on  his  back  in  the  grass  and 
laughed  till  the  tears  filled  his  eyes,  for 
the  surgeon  had  seen  something  of  the 
ludicrous  in  the  tone  of  voice  and  manner 
of  action  of  his  patient  under  the  influ- 
ence of  this  "Long  Distance  Operation." 


An  Adventure  With  a  Bear 


BY  A.  C.  VAUGHAN. 


I WOULD  like  to  ask  the  sportsmen 
who  read  ''Rod  and  Gun"  their  views 
on  the  question :  Does  a  wounded  bear 
plug  the  bullet  hole? 
About  the  middle  of  September,  1906., 
I  started  out  one  morning  to  look  at  some 
timber  a  few  miles  north  of  Dinorwic,  on 
the  main  line  west  of  the  C.  P.  R.,  in  the 
Rainy  River  District.  A  Scotch  half- 
breed,  John  Mclvor,  accompanied  me. 
We  followed  some  old  tie  roads  to  the 
point  at  which  I  wished  to  see  the  tim- 
ber. Our  work  being  finished,  we  struck 
for  home  through  the  bush,  it  being  a  sec- 
tion of  country  I  had  not  been  over  be- 
fore. 

We  were  passing  through  a  belt  of  jack 
pine,  where  the  ground  was  smooth  and 
free  from  undergrowth.  John  was 
ahead,  carrying  my  Sharp's  carbine,  a  rifle 
throwing  an  ounce  ball,  using  smokeless 
powder.  It  was  a  new  gun  I  had  not 
used  before.  I  had  the  cartridges  in  my 
pocket,  and  John  had  the  empty  gun. 
Suddenly  he  ran  ahead,  and  it  flashed 
through  my  mind  that  if  it  was  deer  he 
saw  he  would  have  no  chance  to  get  one. 
I  therefore  did  not  rush  after  him.  Then 
he  made  another  run,  waving  the  rifle 
and  shouting.  I  got  up  to  him  and  ask- 
ed what  was  the  excitement.  He  said : 
"Bears,  cubs  up  the  trees !"  We  looked 
about  and  sure  enough  in  each  of  the 
tops  of  the  two  tallest  trees  sat  a  good- 
sized  cub. 

I  slipped  in  a  cartridge ;  the  cub  near- 
est me  was  looking  down  and  his  nose 
made  a  good  bull's-eye.  I  blazed  away 
and  down  he  came  with  a  thump  and 
without  a  squeal. 

Luckily  for  us,  as  it  turned  out,  he 
had  not  made  any  noise,  for  in  trying 
to  extract  the  shell  I  found  it  stuck  so 
tight  that  I  had  to  cut  a  strong  sapling 
to  use  as  a  ramrod. 

While  doing  this  and  before  I  had  the 
shell  out  and  another  cartridge  in,  John 
said:  "Look  out,  here's  the  old  bear!" 
This  rather  startled  me.  I  looked  around, 
and  sure  enough,  about  forty  yards  away, 


was  the  old  bear.  She  was  nosing  along 
at  the  rotten  logs,  broadside  on,  but  was 
taking  no  notice  of  us.  Still  I  felt  safer 
when  I  got  the  shell  out.  She  was  a 
monster!  I  am  satisfied  she  would  easily 
have  weighed  four  hundred  pounds,  and 
her  hair  shone  like  a  newly  polished  stove. 
Had  the  cub  only  been  wounded  and 
squealed  she  would  have  been  down  on 
us  like  a  flash. 

I  shot  at  that  bear  just  behind  the 
shoulder,  and  to  my  astonishment  she  did 
not  drQp  or  pay  the  slightest  heed  to  the 
shot. 

Do  I  hear  some  one  remark:  "Scared! 
Rattled !"  In  such  cases  I  have  my  scare 
after  it  is  over. 

I  loaded  up  again  and  took  a  second 
shot,  and  away  went  the  bear  like  a 
streak,  and  was  out  of  sight  in  a  mo- 
ment. 

I  then  shot  the  other  cub.  We  made 
them  into  two  packs,  and  slinging  them 
over  our  heads,  we  started  again  for 
home. 

We  had  to  cross  the  old  bear's  trail, 
and  when  we  came  to  it  there  was  blood 
galore  over  everything.  We  dropped  the 
cubs  and  set  out  after  her.  Everything 
was  painted  red.  We  followed  that  bear 
for  fully  half  a  mile,  expecting  to  come 
on  her  every  minute.  At  last  she  passed 
over  some  smooth' rock,  where  it  was  drip, 
drip  with  the  blood ;  off  that  in  a  mossy 
muskeg,  blood  for  a  few  steps,  then  none ! 
One  drop  alone  showed  she  had  turned 
aside  from  the  direction  in  which  she  had 
been  going;  even  John,  with  his  experi- 
ence and  sharp  eyes,  could  not  find  the 
trail. 

Now,  the  question  arises,  Did  that  bear 
plug  the  wound?  She  had  wandered 
about  in  a  very  irregular  course,  as 
though  she  was  looking  for  that  moss. 

Again  we  started  for  home,  and  when 
we  got  to  John's  camp,  where  I  left  the 
cubs  to  be  skinned  by  his  Indian  wife,  I 
could  understand  enough  Indian  to  make 
out  that  the  latter's  remarks  over  losing 
all  that  "pork,"  as  she  called  it,  were  not 
very  complimentary  to  me. 


Fishing  >n  Manitou  River,  "Dead  One"  and  Author. 


Fishing  With  a  Dead  One 

A  Short  Story  of  a  Trip  to  Manitoulin  Island 


BY  DR.  J.  WYCLIFFE  MARSHALL. 


EVERY  year  I  have  numerous  friends 
who  wish  to  go  fishing  with  me.  I 
generally  take  some  one.  I  am  go- 
ing to  tell  you  of  a  trip  I  had  with 
a  fisherman,  whom  I  will  call  "The  Dead 
One"  for  want  of  a  better  name.  I  prom- 
ised to  take  him  and  I  did.  I  promised 
to  tell  the  story  of  our  trip,  and  here  it  is : 
July  10th,  1908.  The  fishermen  are  in 
Owen  Sound  and  it  is  approaching  the 
hour  of  departure.  The  boat  whistles, 
and  as  usual,  I  am  two  miles  away  from 
the  wharf.  There  is  the  usual  "Mara- 
thon," and  then  the  final  sprint,  and  I 
make  the  steamer  "Manitou,"  my  clothes 
wet  with  perspiration,  and  my  breath 
coming  in  "chunks."  I  am  afraid  that 
I  will  never  get  that  breath  all  back,  and 
even  if  I  do,  I  know  that  it  will  not  be 
all  my  own. 

The  boat  swung  away  from  the  dock, 
and  I  started  for  my  favorite  stand,  the 
bridge.  I  was  on  my  way  to  see  the  "Old 
Man,"  who  is  Captain  Norman  McCoy,  an 
excellent  sailor  and  just  as  good  a  host. 


But  I  wasn't  there  first.  The  "Dead 
One"  was  ahead  of  me.  When  I  had 
clambered  up,  I  found  him  showing  the 
Captain  how  to  "make  the  channel."  But 
the  Captain  used  his  own  judgment  and 
we  got  out  safely. 

When  it  ceased  to  be  interesting  to  sit 
on  the  "hurricane,"  and  I  had  grown 
weary  of  listening  to  the  stories  told  by 
the  "Dead  One,"  I  suggested  that  I  was 
tired,  and  supplemented '  the  suggestion 
by  taking  "my  sneak."  It  was  some  time 
later  that  my  companion  came  down  and 
made  his  kick  about  the  dangers  of  going 
to  sleep  in  the  upper  berth  of  a  ship  state- 
room. 

I  was  awakened  in  the  morning  by  the 
coarse  roar  of  the  whistle,  which  seemed 
to  me  to  be  trying  to  tell  a  fellow  back 
in  Owen  Sound  that  we  had  reached  Kil- 
larney.  I  dressed  hurriedly — one  always 
does  on  a  boat.  The  sun  was  just  be- 
ginning to  look  over  the  crimson  horizon. 
That  was  the  most  gorgeous  sunrise  I 
ever  saw  in  Canada.    The  waters  seemed 


146 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Nothing  Under  Four  Pounds. 

to  be  afire.  The  sun  was  as  a  big  globule 
of  fire,  which  came  out  of  its  native  ele- 
ment, smiling  on  all  the  world. 

Those  of  you  who  have  seen  this  will 
know  what  it  is  like.  Those  of  you  who 
have  not  will  have  to  see  it  for  yourselves 
before  you  will  understand  its  beauties. 

It  is  only  a  couple  of  hours'  sail  until 
we  reach  Manitowaning.  The  Captain 
gets  up  himself  to  blow  the  whistle  at 
this  port.  It  is  his  home,  and  there  is 
none  who  doubt  it  when  he  gets  hold  of 
the  rope.  The  "Dead  One"  came  into 
sight  at  this  place,  and  declared  that  it 
looked  like  a  poor  place  to  catch  fish. 
His  assertion  ran  something  like  this: 
"There  is  nothing  in  sight  but  gravel 
pits."  The  town  council  was  down  to  see 
us,  and  he  said  he  was  feeling  well,  thank 
you. 

The  boat  whistled  to  leave,  and,  just  as 
I  thought,  the  "Dead  One"  was  not  in 
sight.  He  had  gone  up  town.  Manitow- 
aning lies  (not  because  it  is  tired)  at  the 
top  of  a  hill.  I  might  also  add  that  it 
struggles  half-way  down.  Of  course,  I 
knew  that  my  "Dead  One"  would  be  at 
the  top  of  the  hill,  and  to  improve  the 
story  I  might  say  that  he  was  left.  But 
he  wasn't.  At  the  first  cough  of  the  ex- 
haust he  was  on  deck,  and  he  made  him- 


self generally  obnoxious  to  the  passengers 
and  crew  from  here  to  Little  Current. 

Little  Current.  That  is  the  next  stop. 
But  not  for  the  "Dead  One."  He  took  a 
trip  up  town  to  get  some  souvenir  post- 
cards to  send  to  his  "lady-love."  I  might 
add,  girls,  that  he  isn't  married.  When 
he  returned  he  declared  the  town,  like 
himself,  a  "Dead  One."  He  had  seen  two 
doctors  and  a  yellow  dog,  He  asked  the 
doctors  where  all  the  people  were,  and 
they  said,  "They  are  all  working."  Well, 
the  .  boat,  as  usual,  whistled,  and  the 
"Dead  One  was  the  last  one  on  board. 
We  swung  out  into  the  stream  and  head- 
ed for  Gore  Bay. 

If  you  ever  go  "up  the  lakes"  be  sure 
to  take  in  Gore  Bay.  We  had  a  ticket  to 
that  place,  and  as  the  first  mate  knew  the 
way  in,  we  very  soon  heard  the  boat 
scratching  her  sides  up  against  the  dock, 
and  we  got  of!  to  see  our  friends.  It  took 
two  hours  to  unload  the  "Dead  One's" 
baggage.  It  put  me  in  mind  of  a  travel- 
ling circus.  He  had  everything  —  but 
fishing  tackle.  Bob  Porter,  the  genial 
proprietor  of  the  Ocean  House,  started  to 
carry  it  up  to  the  hotel.  I  think  he  is 
carrying  it  yet.  He  said  he  would  have 
it  up  for  us  next  year. 

We  were  told  that  the  "Orange"  dem- 
onstration was  to  be  held  in  Kagawong 
on  July  13th.  Of  course,  we  had  to  be 
there,  and  when  we  dropped  off  the  boat, 
in  the  middle  of  the  night  before,  we 
found  the  hotel  crammed  to  the  ears.  We 
sat  down  in  the  waiting  room  and  amused 
ourselves,  telling  each  other  all  we  would 
do  to  the  fish  when  we  got  ready  to  start 
the  campaign.  At  last  the  approaching 
sun  began  to  shine  over  the  hills,  and 
the  continuous  clamor  of  drums  and  whis- 
tles told  us  it  was  time  to  call  it  Monday. 
We  went  outside  and  found  that  the  citi- 
zens of  the  town  had  decorated  it  until  it 
looked  like  a  "garden  toad."  We  held  a 
committee  meeting  of  two,  and  decided 
that  we  had  better  go  fishing.  About  a 
mile  back  of  the  hotel,  and  nestling  up 
upon  the  top  of  the  mountain,  is  Lake 
Kagawong.  It  is  perhaps  one  hundred 
and  fifty  feet  above  the  level  of  the 
North  Channel,  and  is  connected  with  it 
by  a  beautiful  winding  river  of  the  same 
name.    About  half-way  between  the  lake 


Dr.  Wycliff e  Marshall  and  His  Fine  String  of  Fish. 


and  the  hotel  is  a  beautiful  waterfall.  It 
looks  particularly  beautiful  on  account  of 
the  wonderful  effect  produced  by  the  con- 
trasts between  the  water  and  the  dark  fol- 
iage, which  is  so  close  to  the  water.  It 
is  because  of  this  that  there  are  no  photo- 
graphs which  do  it  justice. 

Well,  I  am  getting  too  far  away  from 
the  "Dead  One,"  and  I  must  get  him,  and 
also  you,  Mr.  Reader,  up  to  that  lake. 
We  had  to  walk  about  half  a  mile  before 
we  came  to  the  boathouses.  There  is  a 
gasoline  launch  here  for  the  accommoda- 
tion of  the  hotel  guests,  but  "Dead  One" 
said,  "No.  I  am  going  to  go  in  a  row- 
boat.  If  I  go  fishing,  I  am  going  to  get 
the  exercise  as  well  as  the  experience." 

He  appointed  himself  captain  as  well  as 
engineer,  and  loaded  an  old  sail  into  the 
boat,  as  he  was  going  to  "sail  her."  He 
took  a-hold  of  the  oars  and  was  soon  mak- 
ing for  the  open  lake.     He  was  not  the 


means  of  moving  the  boat  for  long,  and  I 
soon  discovered  that  it  was  I  who  was  to 
"have  the  exercise."  This  was  all  the  re- 
sult of  a  bad  case  of  "water  on  the  hands," 
in  the  shape  of  blisters,  which  came  to 
the  "Dead  One."  Well,  to  make  a  short 
story  stretch  out,  in  a  few  hours  we  had 
gone  the  necessary  half-mile  and  were 
looking  out  into  the  lake. 

The  lake  looked  rather  rough  and  angry 
to  me,  and  I  had  doubts  about  the  use  of 
that  sail,  for  our  boat  had  no  centreboard 
nor  rudder,  but  I  had  the  "Dead  One" 
with  me  and  I  was  not  afraid.  As  soon 
as  we  were  well  out  in  the  lake,  and  well 
in  the  trough  of  the  sea,  the  "Dead  One" 
stood  up  in  the  boat  and  gave  signs  of 
putting  up  the  sail.  He  began  to  give  an 
impersonation  of  Tom  Lipton.  Remem- 
ber that  the  boat  had  no  centreboard,  the 
wind  was  blowing  at  "forty,"  that  I  did 
not  know  the  first  thing  about  running  a 


148 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


"schooner,"  and  that  I  was  under  the  will 
of  the  "Dead  One." 

The  boat  went  forward,  it  backed  up, 
it  turned  hand-springs,  it  ran  in  circles,  it 
tried  to  dive.  It  was  then  that  the  "Dead 
One"  very  nearly  impersonated  a  fish. 
We  were  being  driven  on  the  rocks.  I 
called  to  the  "Dead  One"  to  lower  the  sail 
and  help  me  with  the  oars.  We  would 
have  been  driven  on  those  same  rocks  had 
not  we  got  the  oars  in  motion.  By  a  lot 
of  hard  work  I  got  the  boat  out  of  danger, 
and  we  were  soon  in  the  mouth  of  the 
protecting  river.  The  moral  of  the  story 
is  "that  it  is  a  lie."  1  am  the  one  who 
tried  to  run  the  sail,  and  who  made  such 
a  muss  of  it.  The  "Dead  One"  was  sit- 
ting in  the  stern,  pale  to  the  gills,  and 
"sick  unto  death."  We  did  not  have  as 
many  fish  when  we  arrived  at  the  hotel  as 
we  had  bargained  to  bring  back  with  us. 

But  let  us  hurry  back  to  Manitowaning. 
That  is  where  all  the  fun  went  on/  We 
were  there  for  dinner,  and  when  that  was 
over,  we  began  to  look  for  the  rig,  which 
was  to  take  us  to  the  country.  A  small 
boy  went  with  us  to  guide  the  horse  back, 
but  he  wasn't  necessary.  If  that  old 
horse  don't  know  his  way  anywhere  in 
Ontario,  it  is  not  because  he  is  not  old 
enough.  We  traversed  the  dozen  miles 
in  a  day  and  a  half  —  just  cut  that  day 
out  to  get  the  solution  to  the  puzzle,  and 
leave  the  half.  According  to  my  memory 
this  was  a  very  warm  day.  The  "Dead 
One"  says  that  his  pulse  registered  104  in 
the  shade,  but  he  could  not  be  positive,  for 
he  was  not  in  the  shade  long  enough  to 
find  out.  We  were  made  welcome  by  ev- 
eryone but  the  dog  when  we  came  to  the 
residence  of  Mr.  David  Pyette.  The  dog 
took  his  own  time  to  make  our  acquaint- 
ance. 

There  were  three  paradises  for  fishing, 
within  easy  reach  of  where  we  were  now. 
I  should  say,  before  going  farther,  that  all 
the  time  we  were  in  this  region,  the 
weather  was  at  least  twenty  degrees  too 
warm  to  get  good  fishing  results.  It  was 
so  hot  that  the  farmers  could  not  work 
their  horses  in  the  fields.  Those  who 
tried  had  the  experience  of  seeing  their 
horses  struggle  on  for  awhile  and  fin- 
ally sink  down  from  sheer  exhaustion. 
Under  these  conditions  you  will  under- 


stand that  we  did  not  expect  to  catch  fish. 
At  least,  trout  will  not  take  the  bait  freely 
in  such  weather.  The  bass  are  not  so 
particular,  and  it  seemed  to  me  that  they 
rather  liked  the  taste  of  the  many  deli- 
cacies that  we  offered  them,  for  they  were 
unusually  active.  There  are  two  streams 
in  this  district  in  which  one  can  fish  —  the 
Blue  Jay,  which  is  a  small  spring  creek, 
and  the  Manitou,  a  river  which  drains  the 
lake  of.  the  same  name,  and  carries  its 
overflow  into  Lake  Huron.  The  two  riv- 
ers are  very  different,  as  are  the  two  spe- 
cies of  trout  which  are  found  in  them. 

There  are  also  a  number  of  small  lakes 
in  this  district.  The  largest  of  these  is 
the  Manitou.  The  lake  at  which  we  did 
our  bass  fishing  is  Lake  Windfall.  This 
is  the  most  difficult  lake  of  all  to  get  to. 
Perhaps  that  is  why  I  chose  it.  I  knew 
there  were  lots  of  fish  there;  but  there 
are  plenty  of  fish  in  any  of  them.  But  I 
am  away  from  my  subject.  Let  us  get 
back  to  our  arrival  at  Mr.  Pyette's. 

We  came  into  the  trout-fishing  district 
about  noon,  and,  as  I  said  before,  it  was 
very  warm.  We  had  our  dinner  and  at 
once  set  out  for  the  Blue  Jay.  It  runs 
about  a  mile  back  of  the  house  where  we 
were  staying.  The  sun  was  streaming 
down  on  us  and  the  water  was  as  bright 
and  clear  as  crystal.  We  could  see  the 
fish  and,  of  course,  the  fish  could  see  us. 
When  we  came  to  the  stream  the  "Dead 
One"  chose  to  go  down  stream,  and  of 
course  I  chose  to  go  up.  I  had  no  choice 
in  the  matter,  so  I  said  "Good  luck"  to 
him,  and  he  the  same  to  me,  and  we  turn- 
ed our  noses  in  diverse  directions,  made  a 
few  more  remarks  about  the  heat,  and 
started  in  to  tempt  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Trout, 
and  all  the  little  Trouts.  But  their  last 
Sunday-school  lesson  must  have  been 
about  Adam  and  Eve,  for  they  refused  to 
be  tempted.  Whenever  I  would  approach 
the  banks  of  the  stream  I  could  see  the 
fish  scatter  in  all  directions.  This  limited 
the  fishing  to  "fast  water."  As  the  best 
parts  were  beaver  meadow,  the  fishing 
was  not  up  to  what  was  advertised.  I 
spent  most  of  my  time  in  replacing  "dead 
baits."  When  I  got  to  the  end  of  m> 
"ground"  I  counted  my  fish,  and  I  had  fit- 
teen.  I  turned,  and  retraced  my.  steps 
"Dead-One-wards."     When  I  found  him 


FISHING  WITH  A  DEAD  ONE 


149 


he  was  not  fishing.  He  had  fallen  in  with 
a  party  of  girls,  and  he  was  having  the 
time  of  his  life.  He  had  only  caught  two 
fish  all  afternoon ;  but  he  had  met  these 
Americans.  I  decided  that  we  would 
have  to  change  our  fishing  grounds,  but 
was  delighted  to  find  that  the  girls  were 
going  home  the  next  day. 

We  went  home  and  had  our  supper. 
As  soon  as  the  sun  went  down  the  mos- 
quitoes came  up.  I  immediately  washed 
in  ''Pennyroyal  and  Alcohol."  I  suggest- 
ed the  scheme  to  "Dead  One"  ;  but,  no, 
he  didn't  want  any.  He  could  stand  the 
mosquitoes.  And  so  it  started.  First 
came  one  mosquito,  then  came  twenty, 


quito  was  on  the  job,  and  hungry.  And 
so  he  kept  his  head  in  all  night  In  the 
morning  he  found  that  he  had  developed  a 
fine  case  of  hives. 

The  next  day  broke  hotter  than  ever. 
But  we  were  scheduled  to  attack  Windfall 
Lake,  and  we  were  soon  preparing  for  the 
trip.  We  were  driven  to  within  a  couple 
of  miles  of  the  lake,  and  after  unloading 
our  traps,  began  the  walk  through  the 
bush. 

All  the  mosquitoes  in  the  country  were 
in  that  bush,  and  you  can  take  it  from  me 
that  they  hurried  our  footsteps  some.  It 
was  a  rough  trail  and  took  some  hard 
work  to  travel  it,  encumbered  with  our 


'Dead  One"  and  Author  Carrying  Combined  Catch. 


then  a  thousand.  They  went  after  that 
"Dead  One,"  they  went  up  his  sleeves, 
they  went  down  his  neck,  they  went  up 
his  pant-legs.  He  slashed,  he  fought,  he 
swore.  At  last  he  gave  up  his  attempt 
to  annihilate  all  the  pests  on  Manitoulin, 
and  he  tried  to  act  as  if  he  were  sleepy. 
He  soon  "put  his  name  on  the  register" — 
in  other  words,  "his  shirt  on  the  door" — 
hunted  up  his  room  and  got  into  bed.  He 
had  to  put  his  head  under  the  covers  to 
protect  himself.  That  process  was  a  very 
warm  one,  and  he  was  heated  up  to  104 
again.  But  every  time  he  put  his  nose 
out  for  some  fresh  atmosphere,  Billy  Mos- 


tackle.  We  now  came  into  the  timber, 
which  was  the  sign  that  we  were  close  to 
the  water,  and  heard  the  unmistakable 
noise  of  a  partridge.  The  "Dead  One" 
immediately  produced  a  revolver,  and  gave 
me  a  little  lecture  on  the  use  of  firearms. 
After  he  had  assured  me  of  his  "Bisley- 
ability"  he  started  in  to  look  for  his  bird. 
He  ran  through  the  bush  like  a  hound  af- 
ter a  fox,  and  of  course  he  raised  poor  old 
Mrs.  Partridge,  and  firing  quickly  he 
killed  her —  I  don't  think.  We  continued 
our  walk,  and  were  soon  to  the  shore  of 
the  lake.  It  proved  to  be  a  beautiful  lake 
about  two  miles  wide.    The  "Dead  One" 


150 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


came  to  me  in  a  great  state  of  excitement, 
saying,  "I  don't  see  why  they  called  this 
'Windfall'  Lake.  I  can't  find  any  apples 
under  the  trees." 

We  started  to  fish  off  the  shore,  and 
were  soon  catching  good-sized  black  bass. 
I  had  my  pocket  scales  with  me  and  we 
returned  everything  under  three  pounds, 
which  was  alive.  We  had  our  lunch  and 
turned  our  steps  homewards.  The  ac- 
companying photo  shows  our  combined 
catch.  Wre  were  tired  when  we  reached 
home,  and  were  both  asleep  before  the 
mosquitoes  knew  where  we  were. 

We  were  so  enthusiastic  next  morning 
that  our  host  caught  the  craze  and  prom- 
ised to  accompany  us  that  day.  It  was 
still  too  hot  to  fish  trout  so  we  were  ready 
for  more  bass.  Mr.  Pyette  put  the  mo- 
tion that  we  kill  nothing  but  four-pound- 
ers. Carried.  When  we  came  to  the 
bush  our  guide  told  us  that  he  would 
take  us  in  a  short  way.  We  thanked  him 
for  it.  The  "Dead  One"  was  so  busy 
jumping  logs  that  he  did  not  have  any 
time  to  explain  why  he  missed  the  part- 
ridge the  day  before.  We  all  know  that 
his  explanation  would  have  been  that  he 
did  not  want  to  kill  the  bird  anyway  be- 
cause they  were  out  of  season. 

W7e  had  reached  the  lake  by  this  time, 
and  found  the  bass  were  as  hungry  as 
ever.  We  would  put  three  hooks  on  our 
line  and  bait  them  all.  As  soon  as  one 
fish  was  hooked,  the  others  would  swarm 
around  and  fight  for  the  remaining  baits. 
The  result  was  that  we  caught  three  fish 
-every  time  we  caught  one. 

Fun?  Well,  you  can  imagine  it.  Trie 
"Dead  One"  got  three  on  his  line  at  once 
when  he  wasn't  looking,  and  as  a  result, 
he  went  in  to  converse  with  the  bass. 
The  bad  part  was  that  we  caught  our  full 
allowance  in  too  short  a  time.  You  know 
how  aggravating  it  is  to  have  to  stop 
when  they  are  biting  like  "wild-men. " 
We  had  our  fish,  and  the  next  question 
was  how  to  get  them  out.  At  last  we  hit 
on  the  plan  of  tying  them,  to  a  rail  and 
carrying  them  out  on  our  shoulders.  Go- 
ing out  the  "Dead  One"  was  leading,  and 
.of  course  had  to  get  on  the  wrong  path. 
No  one  noticed  it  until  we  were  well  into 
the  bush,  and  found  that  we  were  lost. 
It  was  getting  late  and  things  were  look- 


ing bad.  Mr.  Pyette  shinned  up  a  tree 
and  came  down  with  the  good  news  that 
we  were  close  to  a  farmhouse.  He  then 
led  the  way  into  the  roughest  bit  of  bush 
I  have  ever  had  the  pleasure  (?)  of  going 
through.  The  fish  were  heavy  and  we 
were  tired.  We  would  slip  on  the  rocks 
and  fall  down  with  the  fish  on  top  of  us. 
If  you  cannot  appreciate  this  sensation, 
get  a  ton  of  bricks,  tie  them  to  a  log,  and 
take  a  twenty-mile  walk  through  the  ini- 
tiation ceremony  of  some  of  the  secret  so- 
cieties that  we  know.  It  was  just  here 
that  the  "Dead  One"  discovered  he  had 
lost  his  pipe.  Now,  pipes  do  not  grow 
on  trees  on  Manitoulin,  and  you  can't  bor- 
row any  one  else's  when  the  mosquitoes 
are  around.  All  the  pipes  on  the  island 
are  in  use  then.  Well,  we  had  to  start 
looking  for  that  pipe.  We  must  have 
spent  an  hour  in  searching  for  it  before 
the  "Dead  One"  finally  found  it  in  his 

hip  pocket.   (I  omit  what  was 

said  to  him.) 

At  last  we  came  to  the  aforesaid  farm- 
house and  were  there  confronted  with  a 
terrible  problem.  We  had  the  choice  of 
going  home  immediately,  through  the 
dust,  or  staying  for  ten  or  fifteen  minutes 
around  a  big  dish  of  fresh  buttermilk.  I 
am  not  going  to  offer  a  prize  for  the  per- 
son who  can  tell  us  what  we  did. 

The  next  day  found  us  in  hip  boots  and 
straw  hats,  all  ready  to  wade  the  Manitou 
River.  The  only  way  to  fish  this  stream 
is  to  get  right  in  and  wade.  It  is  not 
deep,  average  two  feet.  It  runs  down 
hill  as  fast  as  a  cow  can  trot.  One  has  to 
watch  oneself  or  one  is  liable  to  be  sitting 
on  the '  bottom,  or  else  shooting  rapids 
like  one  canoe.  I  had  told  his  nibs  that 
the  fish  in  this  stream  were  all  as  crazy  as 
mad  dogs,  and  would  always  bite  as  such. 
There  was  something  wrong  this  day,  for 
the  only  things  that  resembled  the  afore- 
said dogs  were  the  chubs,  and  they  were 
as  hungry  as  young  puppies.  They  acted 
as  if  they  had  just  been  led  out  of  a  ten 
years'  famine.  When  we  would  come  to 
a  particularly  good  "hole"  I  would  tell 
the  "Dead  One"  that  I  had  never  failed 
to  get  a  good  fish  there.  Then  the  "Dead 
One"  would  laugh  at  me  when  I  would 
pull  up  another  chub.  I  don't  think  he 
believed  me  when  I  told  him  that  there 


FISHING  WITH  A  DEAD  ONE 


151 


used  to  be  fish  in  that  stream.  There  cer- 
tainly used  to  be,  but  this  day  we  were 
"in  wrong/'  I  saw  that  my  reputation 
for  telling  the  truth  was  going  to  suffer, 
and  every  time  I  would  pull  that  gag 
about  "what  I  used  to  do,"  I  would  feel 
like  the  "last  batter  up,  with  two  strikes, 
and  the  bases  full." 

We  were  getting  pretty  well  down 
stream,  and  —  puff,  wallop,  splash,  gurgle 

—  the  "Dead  One"  had  lost  his  "equilib- 
rium," and  was  in  the  water  to  his  ankles 

—  head  first.  At  last  his  head  came  up 
and  he  cried,  "It's  all  right,  Captain ;  save 
the  women  and  children."  Then  he  got 
up  on  a  convenient  stone  and  made  some 
witty  remarks  about  the  effects  of  water 
on  one's  constitution,  when  not  taken  in 
the  proper  proportions.  He  said  the  only 
thing  for  him  to  do  was  to  catch  a  cold. 

Here  ends  our  trip  down  the  Manitou. 
Counting  our  combined  catch,  we  had  two 
speckled  trout,  and  four  thousand  chubs 
(not  saved).  The  trout  must  have  got 
mixed  up  with  the  "Dead  One's"  basket 
when  he  fell  into  the  "drink."  I  will  not 
tell  you  of  the  four  miles'  walk  home,  as 
I  have  forgotten  all  about  it.  I  went  to 
ask  the  "Dead  One"  for  his  version  of 
the  tramp,  but  his  remarks  are  not  fit  for 
publication. 

And  now  for  a  rainy  day  When  I 
arose  the  next  morning  I  was  happy. 
The  sun  had  got  lost  some  place  about 
New  Zealand  in  the  night  and  did  not  ap- 
pear in  the  morning  The  clouds  came 
and  flocked  over  Manitoulin,  like  so  many 
crows.  The  "Dead  One"  was  too  sore  to 
go  fishing,  so  he  stayed  at  home  to  talk 
to  the  mosquitoes.  Mr.  Pyette  and  my- 
self prepared  for  a  good  day,  and  we  were 
away  very  early.  We  chose  the  lower 
Blue  Jay  for  our  manoeuvres.  It  is  here 
that  the  stream  runs  through  several 
miles  of  cedar  trees.  The  rain  came 
down  lightly,  and  made  things  most  fa- 
vorable for  fishing  —  also  for  mosquitoes. 
But  we  didn't  mind  the  pests  as  long  as 
we  caught  the  speckled  beauties.  But  as 
the  day  became  older  and  damper  the 
mosquitoes  became  bolder  and  more  nu- 
merous. They  finally  accomplished  their 
purpose  and  drove  us  from  the  river,  but 
not  before  we  had  two  lovely  baskets  of 
Blue  Jay  trout,  which  I  cleaned  and 
brought   back   to   Owen  Sound  on  ice. 


David  Pyette  and  Son. 


You  ask,  What  happened  to  the  "Dead 
One"?    I'll  tell  you  before  I  finish. 

As  I  sat  that  night  smoking  my  last 
pipe  of  tobacco,  I  drew  up  the  following 
resolutions : 

(a)  There  are  still  a  few  fish  in  the  Teh- 
kummah  district.   -  , 

(b)  There  are  still  a  few  things  for  me 
to  laugh  over,  and  which  I  could  tell. 
Perhaps  I  will  some  day. 

(c)  There  are  still  a  few  years  in  which 
I  can  visit  this  wonderful  fishing 
ground. 

(d)  There  are  still  a  few  people  who  will 
want  to  go  with  me.  He  who  comes 
must  come  well  recommended,  and 
he  will  never  be  a  "Dead  One." 

The  next  day  we  drove  into  Manitow- 
aning,  prepared  to  go  home  that  day.  The 
"Dead  One"  got  lost  from  me  for  a  while, 
and  when  I  finally  found  him  he  was  sit- 
ting on  the  wharf,  fishing  perch.    He  had 


152 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


bought  a  rod  and  line,  had  dug  up  a 
worm  somewhere,  and  was  having  the 
time  of  his  life.  As  I  approached,  he 
took  another  perch  off  his  hook  and  said, 
"No  more  of  your  blank  trout-fishing  for 
me."  The  steamer  came  along  in  an 
hour,  but  he  signified  his  intention  of 
sticking  for  a  few  days  with  the  perch. 
I  was  leaning  over  the  back  railing  of 


the  steamer  "Manitou"  as  she  swung  out 
of  the  harbor,  and  the  last  glance  I  got  of 
his  nibs,  he  was  pulling  up  another  perch. 
As  I  still  stood,  leaning  over  the  back 
railing  of  the  steamer,  for  long  after  we 
had  left  port,  I  thought  of  him.  And  as 
I  looked  out  across  the  water  his  last 
words  were  still  ringing  in  my  ears,  "I 
guess  I'm  a  'Dead  One,'  am  I?" 


A  Successful  Fishing  Trip  in  Good  Old  Nova  Scotia 

BY  STANLEY  W.  McCULLOCH. 


TO  BEGIN  with,  we  were  just  three 
times  more  successful  than  we 
could  make  our  friends  believe, 
which  is  natural,  you  will  say,  be- 
ing a  fish-story.  It  was  through  no  fault 
of  ours,  however,  as  you  will  learn  after 
you  follow  us  to  Island  Lake,  the  grand 
waters  of  the  Liscombe  River,  and  home 
again  to  Truro,  the  shire  town  of  the 
county  of  Colchester,  Nova  Scotia. 

There  were  five  of  us,  Guy,  Frank,  Jim, 
Bert  and  Stan,  all  with  splendid  Canadian 
appetites,  all  true  lovers  of  sport,  and  a 
capacity  to  appreciate  and  admire  nature 
in  what  Stewart  Edward  White  terms 
"The  Silent  Places."  You  will  note  I 
put  the  appetite  first,  for  without  it  you 
are  not  able  to  appreciate  fully  the  many 
enjoyments  of  a  trip  like  this.  A  man  who 
cannot  find  an  appetite  on  a  fishing  trip 
had  better  consult  a  doctor  at  once. 

We  left  home  Monday  night,  June  first, 
last  year,  with,  I  believe,  almost  half  a 
baggage  car  of  camping  outfit,  provisions, 
etc.,  which  was  complete,  from  a  small 
sheet  iron  stove,  a  camera,  and  all  the 
necessary  equipment,  to  a  phonograph 
and  about  forty  records,  not  necessary, 
but  which  afforded  us  no  end  of  enjoy- 
ment and  pleasure  on  our  evenings  in 
camp.  It  takes  care,  and  is  some  trouble 
transporting  a  machine  and  records  into 
the  wilds,  but  the  pleasure  derived  more 
than  repays  the  trouble.  Ask  Guy  and 
he  will  state  positively  that  you  cannot 
go  fishing  without  a  phonograph  and 
"The  Merry  Widow  Waltz." 

We  spent  Monday  night  in  New  Glas- 
gow, and  of  course  talked  over  the  pros- 
pects for  the  morrow,  as  we  desired  to 
make  camp  on  the  shores  of  Island  Lake 
Tuesday  night. 


We  had  an  early  start,  leaving  New 
Glasgow  about  seven  o'clock  in  the  morn- 
ing by  the  I.  C.  R.  for  Ferrona  Junction, 
from  whence  we  transferred  to  a  branch 
line  running  up  to  Sunny  Brae,  Pictou 
county,  arriving  there  at  nine  o'clock  in 
the  forenoon.  I  say  arriving;  our  bag- 
gage and  four-fifths  of  the  party  arrived 
O.  K.  We  were  well  on  our  way  to 
Sunny  Brae  when  we  found  one  of  our 
party,  whom  we  thought  was  aboard  safe- 
ly, had  missed  the  train.  This  was  a  bad 
beginning,  and,  Frank  claimed,  a  bad 
omen.  There  were  three  commercial 
travellers  in  the  party,  and' strange  to  say, 
the  missing  one  was  one  of  the  three,  al- 
though accustomed  to  catching  trains  ev- 
ery day.  The  other  two  moved  a  vote  of 
censure,  but  Guy  and  Jim  voted  dead 
against  it.  We  soon  had  a  telephone 
from  the  liveryman  that  he  had  "left  for 
Sunny  Brae  an  hour  ago,"  and  by  the 
time  we  had  all  our  baggage  loaded  on 
the  teams  awaiting  us,  and  had  everything 
in  shape  for  our  eighteen-mile  drive  to 
Caledonia,  our  lost  one  arrived.  He 
claimed  it  was  a  fine  day  and  he  preferred 
driving  to  the  day  coach,  and  had  the 
usual  smooth  way  of  getting  out  of  it 
characteristic  of  the  up-to-date  Ambassa- 
dor of  Commerce. 

The  drive  to  Caledonia  was  thoroughly 
enjoyed  by  all;  the  day  was  just  cloudy 
enough  to»be  cool  and  pleasant,  the  coun- 
try looked  its  best,  and  the  fields  and  for- 
ests in  their  new  spring  coats  of  green, 
were  a  delight  to  the  eye,  wholesome  and 
refreshing. 

We  arrived  at  Arthur's,  who,  along  with 
Dan,  were  to  be  our  guides  for  the  trip, 
at  about  one-thirty.  Arthur's  good  wife 
made  us  right  at  home,  and  had  a  splendid 


4 


THE  "DEVIL'S  EDDY." 

The  members  of  the  party  are  wearing  a  "fly  hat,"  patented  by  Jim,  with  fine  fly  net  in  front,  which  can  be 
worn  upside  down  when  flies  are  not  troublesome.    Jim  is  wearing  the  net  over  his  face  in  the  picture. 


dinner  awaiting  us,  to  which  we  did  full 
justice.  A  smoke  and  a  rest  for  an  hour, 
and  we  were  ready  for  the  ten-mile  tramp 
to  Island  Lake.  Dan  and  Arthur  had 
our  baggage  all  loaded  on  a  strong  truck, 
with  two  horses,  for  the  road  through  the 
forest  was  an  old  one,  used  years  ago  for 
a  wood  road  when  lumber  operations  were 
in  swing.  Our  baggage  was  all  tied  se- 
curely, for  it  was  a  rough,  slow  and  tor- 
tuous trip,  for  horses  and  driver,  who,  of 
course,  walked  also,  it  being  too  rough  to 
attempt  riding  on  the  truck. 

After  saying  good-bye  to  our  hostess 
and  our  driver  from  Sunny  Brae,  who  was 
to  meet  us  again  on  the  following  Tues- 
day, we  set  out  stripped  right  down  for 
walking,  with  nothing  to  carry  except  a 
rifle  and  a  revolver  or  two.  Jim  certain- 
ly cut  quite  a  swath  with  his  new  rifle, 
and  kept  an  eye  for  bear  or  a  wildcat, 
which  we  are  sorry  to  report  did  not  ap- 
pear. We  soon  were  a  mile  or  two  in 
advance  of  Arthur,  Dan  and  the  horses, 
so  we  sat  down  in  a  cool  spot  beside  a 
babbling  brook  to  rest  till  they  caught  up. 
In  this  way  we  thoroughly  enjoyed  the 
ten-mile  walk  and  all  arrived  at  Island 
Lake  about  seven  o'clock  without  further 
incident. 

Our  tent  was  a  round  military  one  and 
we  soon  had  it  up  and  preparations  for 


supper  commenced.  Bert  was  anxious 
to  get  busy  fishing,  and  left  with  the  ex- 
cuse of  getting  some  "fresh  ones"  for 
supper.  He  made  good,  too,  for  he  was 
within  sight  of  our  camp,  and  we  soon 
saw  him  pulling  in  some  good  ones.  He 
was  fishing  right  from  the  shore,  where 
a  little  stream  ran  into  the  lake.  How 
we  all  envied  him !  There  was  much  to 
do  in  getting  ready  for  the  night,  so  we 
stuck  right  to  duty,  and  got  everything 
into  shipshape. 

Bert's  half-dozen  trout,  from  half  to  a 
pound  and  a  half,  were  soon  in  the  pan 
cooking  for  supper,  under  Jim's  direc- 
tions. Jim,  we  learned  before  the  trip 
was  over,  is  a  very  good  cook.  We  cer-, 
tainly  enjoyed  our  first  meal  in  camp,  as 
we  did  all  the  others  that  followed. 

We  had  a  little  rain  that  night  but  felt 
very  cozy  under  canvas.  The  phono- 
graph did  duty;  "The  Merry  Widow 
Waltz,"  Guy's  favorite,  figured  several 
times.  The  three  commercial  men  fig- 
ured conspicuously  at  telling  stories, 
while  Guy's  ready  wit  and  Frank's  dry 
humor  kept  the  guides  "going"  most  of 
the  time. 

Frank  claimed  all  the  stories  would  be 
run  off,  and  there  would  be  no  new  ones, 
for  the  nights  to  come,  if  we  did  not  turn 
in,  so  we  all  reported  "good-night"  and 


154 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


were  soon  enjoying  the  comforts  of  blan- 
kets and  hemlock  boughs. 

We  were  all  astir  early  Wednesday 
morning.  Arthur  had  the  fire  going  in 
our  little  stove,  and  preparations  for 
breakfast  were  under  way.  Arthur  had 
arranged  to  send  a  man  in  half-way  to 
meet  Dan  to  take  the  horses  back.  The 
truck  was  left  at  the  lake  for  the  return 
trip.  We  tried  fishing  in  Bert's  old  spot 
of  the  night  before,  and  all  caught  some 
very  nice  fish.  The  two  boats,  which 
Arthur  had  hauled  in  a  week  before  our 
arrival,  were  to  be  put  in  commission,  and 
we  were  anxious  to  get  out  on  the  lake  to 
try  our  luck.  Island  Lake  is  a  magnifi- 
cent sheet  of  water  studded  with  islands, 
and  with  Hunting  Lake  and  numerous 
others  forms  the  headwaters  of  the  Lis- 
combe  River,  which  finally  finds  its  way 
to  the  Atlantic  Ocean  on  the  eastern  shore 
of  Nova  Scotia. 

We  expected  our  best  fishing  in  the  big 
river  below  Island  Lake  dam,  in  the 
"stills"  and  "pools." 

Our  luck  on  Island  Lake  was  not  up 
to  our  expectations,  but  Arthur  and  Guy, 
who  were  the  only  ones  of  the  party  who 
had  fished  these  waters  before,  promised 
us  good  things  in  the  river.  We  made 
camp  for  dinner,  and  found  Dan  had  re- 
turned. Dinner  over,  we  all  got  busy 
and  "broke  camp,"  packing  all  our  be- 
longings into  the  two  boats.  We  found 
an  excellent  table  and  some  stools  in  an 
old  lumber  camp,  which  we  also  took 
along.  Crossing  the  entire  length  of  Isl- 
and Lake,  we  came  to  the  Island  Lake 
dam,  and  found  a  suitable  place  for  our 
permanent  camp,  near  the  river.  We  had 
quite  a  portage  to  make  at  this  point,  but 
finally  got  everything  in  order.  We 
found  a  spring  right  handy  to  the  camp. 
Arthur  and  Dan  brought  our  boats 
through  the  sluice  of  the  dam  into  the 
river  ready  for  a  start  in  the  morning. 

It  was  almost  dark  before  we  got  ev- 
erything shipshape  about  camp,  fires  go- 
ing and  supper  under  way,  etc.,  yet  Bert, 
who  was  the  most  diligent  fisherman  of 
the  party,  got  out  his  gear,  and  went 
down  to  the  river.  We  soon  saw  him 
playing  a  splendid  fish,  and  all  got  busy 
at  once  and  caught  a  nice  little  string  be- 
fore it  got  quite  dark. 

"Supper  is  ready !"  was  the  next  good 


news  from  Arthur,  and  as  we  had  worked 
hard  moving  camp,  and  it  was  late,  we 
were  ready  for  the  good  things  provided. 
That  night,  too,  in  camp,  was  greatly  en- 
joyed. The  guides  told  some  stories  of 
adventure,  wonderful  stories  of  the  wil- 
derness. 

The  next  morning  the.  camp  was  early 
astir  for  our  first  day's  fishing  on  the  Lis- 
combe.  One  of  the  grandest  day's  sport 
it  turned  out  to  be,  within  the  experience 
of  any  of  the  party.  Leaving  camp,  the 
river  led  through  about  three  miles  of 
"still  water,"  winding  through  a  large 
flat  meadow.  The  mountains  stood  off 
on  either  side  from  a  mile  to  a  mile  and 
a  half  from  the  river.  Our  guides  in- 
formed us  that  about  here  there  were 
from  fifteen  to  twenty  splendid  places 
from  which  to  call  moose,  in  the  fall  call- 
ing season,  without  going  more  than  one 
hundred  yards  from  the  boats.  We  have 
all  agreed  to  try  it  some  season. 

The  three  miles  through  "still  water" 
we  all  trawled,  the  guides  rowing.  We 
caught  only  an  occasional  fish  in  this 
way.  Then  we  were  fast  approaching 
the  "McKenzie's  Rips,"  the  first  broken 
rapid  water  in  the  river.  We  all  got 
well  down  in  the  bottom  of  the  boats, 
the  guides  remaining  standing,  discard- 
ing oars  for  long  poles.  The  water  ahead 
was  boiling  and  breaking  over  large  boul- 
ders and  it  looked  as  if  a  boat  could  not 
possibly  live  in  such  rapids.  Our  speed 
increased ;  we  shot  through  as  from  a  gun, 
the  guides,  Arthur  and  Dan,  cool  and  col- 
lected, steering  the  boats  safely  through 
to  the  pool  below  the  "run."  It  was  dan- 
gerous work  well  done,  and  safely  over. 
There  is  no  real  excitement  without  some 
element  of  danger,  but  some  of  us,  for 
whom  it  was  a  first  experience  in  shoot- 
ing rapids,  drew  a  long  breath  when  safe- 
ly through. 

The  pool  below  this  run  was  where  our 
fishing  really  began.  The  trout  were 
large  and  hungry,  and  each  of  the  five 
would  be  playing  a  splendid  fish  at  the 
same  time.  They  ran  from  one  to  three 
pounds,  and  as  gamy  as  any  fish  I  ever 
tried  to  land.  The  guides  were  indeed 
kept  busy  with  the  landing  nets. 

We  fished  with  bait,  and  fly  also,  on 
the  same  cast,  and  very  often  caught  two 
at  a  time. 


A  SUCCESSFUL  FISHING  TRIP  IN  GOOD  OLD  NOVA  SCOTIA 


155 


After  lunch  we  continued  our  way 
down  the  river,  through  "Devil's  Eddy," 
and  several  runs  or  rapids  like  the  first, 
to  Haul-Over  dam.  We  had  splendid 
luck  all  the  way  down.  New  pools  to 
fish,  new  worlds  to  conquer. 

At  Haul-Over  dam  was  a  lumber  camp 
and  below  this  in  a  shallow  part  of  the 
river,  Guy  and  I  found  the  greatest  spot 
for  fishing  that  ever  delighted  the  heart 
of  a  follower  of  Walton.  We  were 
told  by  the  guides  that  it  was  three  years 
since  these  waters  were  fished.  I  should 
think  it  was.  Guy  and  I  were  standing 
side  by  side  in  the  river.  We  had  hip 
boots  on.  On  our  first  throw  the  bait 
and  flies  had  no  sooner  struck  the  water 
than  it  commenced  to  boil.  I  was  fishing 
with  bait  and  two  flies  on  my  cast  and 
hooked  three  all  at  once.  I  will  never 
forget  the  sport  playing  those  three  splen- 
did specimens,  and  Dan  landed  all  safely 
with  the  net  when  they  were  well  played 
out.  Guy  caught  two  at  a  time  three 
times  in  succession.  This  seems  like  a 
"fish  story,",  but  is  actually  true.  We 
were  joined  by  Bert,  Frank  and  Jim,  and 
were  all  busy,  all  the  time,  though  we 
gave  up  before  the  fish,  as  true  sportsmen 
should  on  such  occasions. 

We  were  now  six  miles  from  camp  and 
left  early  for  the  return  trip,  it  being  more 
difficult  on  account  of  having  to  pull  our 
boats  up  through  the  rapids  with  ropes 
from  shore,  and  in  some  cases  it  was  ne- 
cessary to  portage.  The  camp  was  a 
welcome  sight,  and  by  the  time  we  had 
supper  over,  our  trout  all  cleaned,  ancj 
each  wrapped  separately  in  parchment 
paper,  we  were  ready  for  the  blankets. 

Thursday  we  also  spent  on  the  river, 
going  up  another  branch,  and  visiting  the 
Ijreadnaught  dam,  where  we  made  ex- 
cellent catches.  The  weather  was  very 
hot.  Friday  was  spent  on  Island  Lake, 
with  only  fair  success  compared  with 
fishing  on  the  river.  Saturday  we  had 
another  big  day  on  the  river  and  some 
fine  sport.  Bert  and  Jim,  both  slim  fel- 
lows, but  wearing  hip  boots  designed  for 
men  with  large  limbs,  waded  out,  with 
great  difficulty  to  a  large  rock  in  the  cen- 
ter of  the  river,  which  at  this  point  was 
wide  and  shallow.  They  forgot  their 
baskets,  and  as  their  good  luck  commenc- 
ed, and  all  "big  'uns,"  they  filled  the  tops 


of  their  rubber  boots  with  trout.  They 
were  so  excited  they  did  not  mind  the 
struggling  of  the  fish  after  being  depos- 
ited therein,  until,  as  Jim  claimed,  an 
extra  large  one  kicked  him  off  the  rock 
on  which  he  was  standing.  Jim  is  a 
lightweight,  and  we  could  all  understand 
when  we  saw  the  big  one  in  question. 

Sunday  we  spent  quietly  in  camp.  It 
was  awfully  hot,  ninety  degrees  on  Sun- 
day and  Monday  we  found  after  coming 
out ;  Guy  preferred  out-door  life,  but  un- 
der the  canvas,  a  protection  from  the  sun, 
was  good  enough  for  the  rest  of  us.  One 
of  our  number  preached  a  little  sermon 
or  sermonette,  and  we  had  an  occasional 
hymn  on  the  phonograph.  That  evening 
we  all  enjoyed  the  most  gorgeous  sunset 
that  can  possibly  be  imagined. 

Monday  we  broke  camp  for  the  home- 
ward journey.  The  weather  being  so 
hot,  and  no  ice,  our  catch  of  Wednesday 
was  spoiled.  We  had  a  number  in  salt 
which  we  brought  out  with  us.  We  saw 
a  cow  moose  swim  the  Island  Lake  on 
our  way  back.  We  walked  the  ten  miles 
back  to  Arthur's  and  civilization,  arriving 
at  five  o'clock  in  the  afternoon.  The 
horses  had  been  sent  in  for  our  fish  and 
baggage.  Our  driver  from  Sunny  Brae 
arrived  on  schedule,  and  Tuesday  morn- 
ing we  had  an  early  start  for  home.  We 
found  Thursday  and  Friday's  trout, 
though  salted,  completely  spoiled.  The 
heat  Monday,  ninety  degrees,  and  the 
jolting  over  the  rough  roads,  was  too 
much  for  them.  We  only  took  Satur- 
day's catch  home,  and  thus  failed  to  con- 
vince our  friends  that  we  caught  three 
times  more  than  we  could  "show  up." 

We  are  all  going  again  this  year,  and 
only  hope  for  a  little  cooler  weather.  We 
are  taking  along  an  Indian  who  is  well 
posted  in  smoking  fish,  so  that  they  can 
be  kept  in  good  condition. 

This  will  be  the  third  trip  for  the  same 
party,  and  we  term  ourselves  "The  Lis- 
combe  Fish  and  Sporting  Co.,  Unlimited." 
We  meet  very  often  through  the  winter 
at  the  call  of  President  Guy,  and  take 
great  pleasure  in  talking  over  our  various 
trips.  Through  the  clouds  of  tobacco 
smoke,  Frank  suggests  a  two  weeks'  trip 
this  year,  and  Guy  replies,  with  a  favorite 
expression  of  his,  "It  seems  hardly 
enough !" 


How  to  Hunt  and  Avoid  Moose 


BY  G.  H.  H.  NASE. 


THE  prime  requisites  of  a  successful 
hunter  of  this  lordly  monarch  of 
the  New  Brunswick  wilds  are  good 
wind,  fleetness1  of  foot,  with  unim- 
paired action  of  the  hip  and  knee-joints, 
and  the  faculty  for  arriving  instantan- 
eously at  wise  and  final  decisions,  both  in 
regard  to  estimating  the  time  required  to 
arrive  at  a  given  spot  —  of  course,  I  pre- 
sume it  is  entirely  unnecessary  to  make 
any  explanatory  remarks  in  connection 
with  the  word  "spot,"  but  for  the  informa- 
tion of  nimrods,  I  might  mention  that 
where  the  word  "spot"  occurs  in  this  ar- 
ticle, it  signifies  a  tree  —  and  the  most 
likely  elevation  that  will  afford  the  maxi- 
mum protection  at  the  minimum  expendi- 
ture of  the  epidermis. 

It  is  absolutely  essential,  also,  that  one 
possess  good  eyesight  and  be  able  to  dis- 
tinguish without  any  undue  uncertainty 
at  a  distance  of  say  twenty-five  yards  the 
object  that  he  is  about  to  cover  or  seek 
cover  from,  in  order  to  determine  definite- 
ly whether  it  is  actually  one  of  his  com- 
panions or  one  of  some  one  else's  part- 
ners, or  his  imagination  investing  a  fallen 
tree  with  the  implements  of  assault  and 
battery,  which  are  familiar  objects  to 
many  a  would-be  Mercury,  for  three  rea- 
sons, principally: 

First.  In  order  to  minimize  the  num- 
ber of  ascensions,  as  tree-climbing  is  not 
very  invigorating  when  one  feels  obliged 
to  perform  the  act  in  a  decidedly  limited 
time,  as,  where  the  performance  is  oft- 
repeated,  it  is  very  apt  to  induce  perspira- 
tion of  the  lymphatic  glands,  which  is 
contagious  among  hunters,  and,  in  con- 
junction with  the  buck  fever,  is  very 
weakening  and  unpleasant. 

Second.  That  it  is  extremely  unpleas- 
ant to  kill  or  maim  any  member  of  th*e 
party  or  any  stray  member  from  some 
other  party,  as  it  shows  a  lack  of  discrim- 
ination. If  there  should  happen  to  be  a 
moose  in  your  vicinity  whose  hide  has 
been  fanned  by  the  murderous  and  fatal 
slug  from  your  fusee,  your  life  would  be 
jeopardized  by  extinction  swift  and  ter- 
rible. 


Third.  That  you  must  be  absolutely 
positive  that  the  tree  or  stump  on  which 
you  are  hanging  your  eyes,  has  antlers, 
the  biggest  you  ever  saw,  and  rolls  its 
liquid  and  fiery  orbs  around  and  occa- 
sionally squeaks  or  grunts,  and  actually 
turns  its  head  from  side  to  side,  like  an 
indifferent  cow. 

If  you  are  in  your  right  mind  and  ac- 
tually behold  the  target  of  your  concen- 
tration moving  around  like  a  carpet  on  a 
clothes-line,  you  can  make  up  your  mind 
that  it  isn't  a  moose,  and  the  quicker  you 
make  up  your  mind  in  this  respect,  the 
better  off  somebody  else  may  be ;  but  if 
you  are  not  wholly  convinced  of  the  iden- 
tity of  the  object,  you  may  make  a  wide 
detour  and  approach  it  from  the  rear,  not 
omitting  to  pick  out  spots  of  safety; 
that  is,  trees  with  plenty  of  lower  limbs 
not  less  than  ten  feet  from  the  ground, 
as  you  go  along,  just  in  case  of  eventuali- 
ties, and  that  the  object  should  come  to 
life  and  possibly  confront  you  in  a  hostile 
manner.  It  would  be  advisable  to  carry 
a  step-ladder  or  a  tree  with  you;  but 
where  this  is  not  practical,  you  never 
want  to  take  your  eyes  off  the  sheltering 
pines  and  the  lone  hackmatack.  Of  course 
it  is  highly  improbable  that  this  delusion 
of  the  optics  will  ever  convert  itself  into 
flesh  and  blood  with  the  fleetness  of  the 
wind  and  the  avenging  might  of  Thor; 
but  I  give  this  advice  merely  in  case  of 
events  transpiring  for  which  you  were  not 
prepared,  which,  however,  need  not  be  ap- 
plied unless  pursuer  and  pursued  are 
gravitating  in  the  same  direction,  when^|t 
is  just  as  well  to  bear  it  in  mind,  particu- 
larly where  you  are  not  holding  your  own 
and  where  you  have  not  been  granted  a 
sufficient  handicap  to  warrant  your  re- 
maining on  earth.  In  case  you  should 
overlook  this  imp'ortant  advice,  I  would 
advise  that  you  commit  it  to  memory  so 
that  it  may  be  recalled  readily  when  the 
crucial  moment  arrives.  Formula  Alpha 
and  Omega :  Be  ever  on  the  alert  for  the 
tree  with  the  best  ladder.  Do  not,  under 
any  circumstances,  absent  yourself  from 
one  tower  of  defense  until  the,  eye  has 


HOW  TO  HUNT  AND  AVOID  MOOSE 


157 


measured  another.  This  rule  will  prove 
itself  in  time. 

He  must  be  able  to  carry  on  his  back 
a  load  of  truck  that  will  cover  and  feed 
an  ordinary-sized  family,  with  a  cat  and 
dog,  for  two  weeks,  and  enough  ammuni- 
tion to  shoot  every  animal  that  went  into 
the  ark. 

While  in  his  regimentals,  he  must  be 
ready  to  carry  a  canoe,  wrestle  with  a 
bear,  ford  a  river,  and  last,  but  not  least, 
if  the  animal  for  which  he  is  searching  or 
endeavoring  to  avoid,  suddenly  confronts 
him,  he  should  be  eligible  to  the  contests 
of  the  Olympics. 

He  must  be  a  great  smoker,  and  smoke 
all  the  time  he  is  in  the  woods.  If  there 
is  anything  a  moose  craves,  it  is  the  frag- 
rant perfume  of  "Old  Chum"  or  "College 
Cut."  If  his  lordship  gets  the  scent  of 
either  of  these  brands  he  is  apt  to  give 
battle  right  off  the  handle ;  but,  if  he  gets 
the  scent  of  "Blackjack"  or  "Myrtle 
Navy"  he  may  decide  that  discretion  is 
the  better  part  of  valor;  but,  of  course,  it 
all  depends. 

He  must  have  good  judgment  and  be 
able  to  distinguish  readily  a  bull  from  a 
cow,  as  it  comes  rather  expensive  dispos- 
ing of  female  moose,  especially  if  one  is 
caught.  If  not  familiar  with  the  sight  of 
moose,  he  should  take  the  precaution  to 
familiarize  himself  with  the  subject  of 
our  sketch  at  a  taxidermist's  or  in  a  park, 
to  determine  definitely  in  his  mind  just  in 
what  points  the  genus  Cervus  differs! 
from  the  genus  Man  or  the  bovine  genus, 
the  domestic  Cow,  or  the  genus  equis,  the 
Horse ;  so  that,  when  he  goes  to  the 
woods,  he  will  be  prepared  to  recognize 
immediately  and  distinguish  the  genus 
Man  from  the  genus  Moose,  in  order  to 
avoid  accidents. 

.  He  must  be  able  to  walk  all  day,  run 
all  night,  and,  if  need  be,  recuperate  him- 
self the  rest  of  the  time  in  a  cranberry 
bog  or  go  to  roost  in  the  uncomfortable 
arms  of  the  spruce  or  the  hackmatack. 

He  must  be  able  to  decide  quickly  the 
breech  from  the  muzzle  of  his  gun,  and 
to  abstain  at  all  times  from  trifling  with 
the  trigger  with  his  toe,  as  the  gun  is 
decidedly  apt  to  go  off  whether  it  is  load- 
ed or  not.  In  fact,  I  think  I  am  correct 
in  stating  that  it  positively  will  go  off,  as 
the  trigger  is  never  at  full  cock  when  the 


The  Author. 

gun  is  empty ;  neither  would  a  man  be 
thus  tempting  Providence  with  an  unload- 
ed weapon,  and  I  am  sure  when  every 
hunter  places  his  feet  on  the  road  to  the 
happy  hunting-ground,  if  he  is  a  true 
sportsman,  he  yearns  for  some  other  epi- 
taph than  "Gone  Home.  He  didn't  know 
it  was  loaded." 

He  must  be  able  to  fast  or  thirst  for 
one,  two  or  three  days.  If  he  is  up  a  tree, 
the  latter  is  usually  the  customary  limit. 

Given  these  qualities  as  enumerated  in 
the  foregoing,  one  may  start  out  to  make 
the  formal  acquaintance  of  the  monarch 
of  the  New  Brunswick  wilds  with  a  light 
heart  and  a  heavy  back. 

In  order  to  fully  appreciate  the  quest 
of  this  majestic  animal,  he  should  begin 
to  make  out  the  trip  anywhere  from  three 
to  six  months  beforehand,  and  gaze  into 
the  barrel  of  his  rifle  every  night  to  see  if 
it  is  still  there.  If  he  is  expert  at  this,  he 
is  eligible  to  join  in  the  chase. 

When  all  arrangements  have  been  com- 
pleted for  the  hunt,  the  day  before  start- 
ing should  be  devoted  to  tiring  himself 
out  as  much  as  possible  in  order  to  feel 


158 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


"just  right."  It  is  a  good  plan  to  sit  up 
all  night  smoking  and  gazing  at  the  other 
members  of  the  party  whenever  a  remark 
is  ventured,  and,  if  he  has  any  sugges- 
tions to  make  that  have  not  already  been 
contributed,  they  will  receive  serious  con- 
sideration. 

When  daybreak  makes  its  appearance, 
blow  out  the  light  and  rub  a  few  hand- 
fuls  of  cold  water  in  your  eyes  to  keep 
hem  open  and  dry  with  a  handkerchief 
if  flick  with  a  duster.  A  duster  is  prefer- 
.ble,  as  it  leaves  your  face  in  such  good 
,hape.  Don't  eat  any  breakfast,  as  you 
won't  feel  hungry  until  the  grub  is  packed 
where  you  can't  get  at  it.  Get  your  pipe 
going  like  a  blacksmith's  forge,  hitch  your 
pack  on  your  back,  grasp  your  rifle,  if- 
possible,  and  you  are  all  ready.  You 
want  at  least  five  "pals,"  f°r  there  is  safety 
in  numbers ;  and  there  are  more  pleasant 
places  for  a  nimrod  than  the  great  dark 
woods  at  night,  with  its  vast  quietness 
interrupted  only  by  the  snarling  of  wild- 
cats, the  weeping  of  porcupines,  the  dis- 
mal call  of  the  owl,  and  the  tread  or  sound 
of  animals  as  they  go  threading  their  way 
through  the  impenetrable  darkness. 

As  soon  as  you  get  fairly  started  into 
the  woods,  hunt  up  the  nearest  stump, 
and  smash  you  toe  against  it  with  as 
much  force  as  you  can  muster,  and  pros- 
trate yourself  on  the  ground,  thus  permit- 
ting your  pack  to  come  up  from  behind 
and  hit  you  a  tremendous  crack  on  the 
Dack  of  the  neck,  pressing  your  counte- 
nance into  the  earth,  and  driving  your 
pipe  half-way  down  your  throat.  This 
is  merely  the  hunters'  customary  mark,  of 
adoration  of  the  wilds,  and,  though  it  may 
provoke  hard  words,  and  raise  the  ques- 
tion in  your  mind  as  to  why  you  ever 
came  anyway,  laugh  through  your  tears, 
if  there  are  any,  and  keep  looking  up  — 
after  you  extricate  yourself  —  and  hope 
for  the  best,  always  bearing  in  mind  that 
the  real  enjoyment  comes  after  the  trip 
is  over,  when  you  can  sit  at  the  fireside 
and,  through  the  silver  threads  of  smoke 
curling  up  from  your  pipe,  "see  it  all  over 
again."  This  is  a  great  incentive  to  keep 
you  going  if  you  are  inclined  to  become 
balky. 

During  your  hunt  for  the  king  of  the 
forest,  if  you  happen  to  see  any  part- 
ridges, on  the  belief  that  a  bird  in  the 


hand  is  worth  two  in  the  bush,  bag  them 
by  all  means.  If  there  is  any  one  thing 
a  moose  detests,  it  is  the  sound  of  fire- 
arms. Just  as  long  as  you  keep  firing 
your  gun,  so  long  will  you  keep  the  moose 
off.  There  is  consolation  in  that.  It 
means  more  leisure  and  less  excitement 
for  you.  If  there  are  five  of  you,  it  would 
be  advisable  to  keep  as  close  together  as 
the  trees  will  permit,  which  will  enable 
you  to  form  a  British  square  if  required. 
This  has  its  advantages,  as  it  gives  each 
one  an  equal  opportunity  for  a  shot  if 
there  is  any  game  moving,  and,  where 
you  are  carrying  your  gun  full-cock  and 
suddenly  fall  on  it,  it  will  invariably  kill 
or  maim  at  least  three  of  your  compan- 
ions. That  is  much  more  exhilarating 
than  merely  mistaking  your  chum,  or 
some  one  else's,  for  a  caribou,  and  letting 
him  have  it  "right  between  the  eyes,"  or 
"antlers,"  as  such  a  mistake  makes  one 
feel  ridiculous,  and  you  would  be  besieged 
with  applications  from  men  who  desired 
to  commit  suicide,  to  accompany  you  on 
future  expeditions. 

If  you  hear  an  unaccountable  noise,  or 
see,  or  imagine  you  see,  something  move, 
lest  some  of  the  others  might  see  or  hear 
it  first,  if  you  are  in  the  rear,  advance  two 
or  three  paces  and  "let  drive."  If  there 
is  no  response,  such  as  "My  God,  Willie, 
I'm  shot !"  you  will  have  the  consolation 
of  knowing  that  you  have  just  missed  one 
of  your  fellow-men  more  by  poor  marks- 
manship than  good  judgment.  If  you 
hear  two  trees  rubbing  together,  or  any 
sound  that  you  can  associate  with  the 
animal  you  are  in  quest  of,  you  had  all 
better  make  for  the  same  tree,  depositing 
your  guns  where  you  stand,  as  you  will 
be  more  apt  to  be  able  to  locate  them 
where  you  let  them  fall  in  a  heap  that 
way  than  if  you  made  for  different  trees 
and  left  your  guns  scattered  in  various 
places.  It's  more  companionable,  too. 
Of  course,  the  one  that  reaches  the  tree 
first  has  the  prior  right  of  ascension.  The 
rest  of  you  should  tag  the  tree  in  the  or- 
der you  arrive,  saying  "second,"  "third," 
and  so  on.  Never,  by  any  means,  take  a 
gun  up  a  tree  with  you,  as  it  is  nothing 
more  or  less  than  taunting  death  in  the 
face ;  whereas,  if  you  leave  it  as  far  away 
as  possible  you  stand  a  pretty  fair  chance 
of  not  being  able  to  find  it  again" and  your 


HOW  TO  HUNT  AND  AVOID  MOOSE 


159 


chances  of  getting  home  safe  are  that 
much  more  enhanced. 

If  you  become  discouraged  the  first  day 
or  so,  and  there  are  excellent  signs  of 
moose  in  your  locality,  rig  up  a  target 
and  fire  away  all  your  bullets  and  then 
wonder  why  the  animals  don't  come  and 
look  you  up.  Moose  are  very  conserva- 
tive, and  such  friendly  demonstrations 
meet  with  little  encouragement.  They 
require  a  great  deal  of  coaxing.  Any  one 
can  make  a  horn  out  of  bark  and  give  the 
"call."  The  best  time  to  give  this  call  is 
either  when  you  are  asleep,  or  in  the  mid- 
dle of  the  day  when  there  is  a  strong  wind 
blowing  dead  against  you.  Always 
"blow"  into  the  teeth  of  the  gale.  If  a 
moose  by  any  chance  replies,  keep  on 
blowing,  provided  you  are  not  shivering 
too  much.  Then  if  you  feel,  all  of  a  sud- 
den, as  if  you  had  run  into  a  hat-rack  or 
a  bone-yard,  after  you  come  to,  you  will 
understand  that  you  were  very  successful 
in  calling  a  moose.  If  any  of  your  "pals" 
are  having  any  luck  and  are  getting  a 
"bead"  on  something,  talk  as  much  and 
as  loud  as  you  can  without  straining  your 
larnyx,  making  some  such  pleasing  re- 
marks as,  "Isn't  this  spiffy!"  "This  is 
the  life  for  Willie !"  "I  wish  Sophie  could 
see  me  now !"  If  you  don't  get  any  re- 
sponse, don't  get  disheartened.  You  will 
require  all  your  fortitude  and  cheerful- 
ness later  on,  when  Algy  and  Willie  con- 
found you  with  appropriate  epithets  with- 
out regard  to  your  sensitive  nature  or  per- 


sonal feelings ;  but  don't  get  your  back 
up.    Keep  a  stiff  front  and  lie  low. 

Then,  when  you  find  yourself  out  in 
your  uncle's  pasture,  with  his  cows  al.1 
tied  in  the  barn,  where  they  have  beer 
ever  since  you  went  away,  and  you  drag 
yourselves  to  the  house  and  gaze  speech- 
lessly at  the  carcasses  of  a  couple  of  deei 
and  a  mammoth  moose,  which  he  killed 
in  the  orchard  with  a  charge  of  buckshot 
the  very  day  you  went  into  the  woods, 
don't  curse  your  luck  or  give  your  uncle 
any  details  of  the  hunt.  He  has  a  keen 
sense  of  humor,  and  the  narrative  might 
cause  serious  damage  to  his  anatomy. 
Possibly,  he  will  take  you  out  in  his  pas- 
ture before  you  go  home  and  let  you  shoot 
some  of  his  tame  partridges,  and,  no 
doubt,  he  will  give  you  the  heads  of  the 
deer;  and, -if  you  weave  wild  tales  of 
heroism  and  adventure  around  them,  none 
will  be  the  wiser,  and  yours  will  be  the 
prestige  of  hunters  of  valor  and  might 
without  the  perils  of  battle ;  for  the  race 
is  not  always  to  the  swift,  nor  to  the 
strong,  but  a  good  sportsman  is  judged  by 
his  bag,  provided  it  is  filled  without  the 
knowledge  of  his  friends. 

It's  no  use  to  caution  you  not  to  go 
again,  for  the  lure  of  nature  is  stronger 
than  human  counsel,  and  he  into  whose 
spirit  has  once  been  distilled  the  beauties 
and  mysteries  of  the  trackless  wastes  is 
doomed  to  hearken  and  answer  to  the 
cry  of  the  wilds  whenever  she  calls. 


The  Basset  Hound  for  Sport 


BY  RICHARD  CLAPHAM. 


THE  basset  hound  is  practically  an 
unknown  quantity  in  Canada  and 
the  States,  for  with  the  exception 
of  a  few  hounds  which  find  their 
way  to  some  of  the  larger  shows,  the 
breed  is  very  poorly  represented. 

It  is  a  pity  that  it  has  not  come  in  for 
more  attention  from  sportsmen  and  show 
ring  devotees,  for  on  the  bench  ai\d  in 
the  field,  the  basset  hound  is  good  to 
look  at  as  well  as  a  most  practical  and 
courageous  worker. 

It  was  not  until  quite  recent  years  that 


bassets  came  to  be  fully  recognized  in 
England,  for  with  the  exception  of  a 
small  number  brought  forward  to  the 
shows,  they  were  comparatively  un- 
known, and  but  little  was  understood  of 
their  hunting  qualities  when  in  the  field. 

Gradually,  however,  sportsmen  began 
to  take  an  interest  in  this  long-eared, 
short-legged  and  most  melodious  hound, 
and  very  soon  more  than  one  regular 
pack  was  kept  for  the  sole  purpose  of 
hunting  hare ;  to  which  sport  this  breed 
is  particularly  well  adapted. 


160 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Previous  to  entering  upon  the  merits  of 
this  little  hound  when  in  the  field,  it  may 
be  of  interest  to  look  into  the  history  and 
origin  of  the  basset. 

Before  the  year  1875  the  basset  hound 
was  practically  unknown  in  England. 
For  years  he  had  flourished  upon  the 
continent,  chiefly  in  Belgium,  France, 
Germany  and  Austria,  where  he  was  reg- 
ularly employed  for  sporting  purposes. 
In  1875  Sir  Everett  Millais  (then  Mr. 
Millais)  first  introduced  and  exhibited  the 
well-known  "Model,"  a  hound  which  in 
every  particular  was  an  excellent  speci- 
men of  this  rather  curious  breed. 

By  slow  degrees  the  basset  became 
fashionable,  and  in  1883  the  Basset  Hound 
Club  was  first  formed,  and  at  the  same 
time  a  place  was  reserved  in  the  Kennel 
Club  stud-book  for  this  particular  type 
of  hound. 

Since  that  time  the  breed  has  been  tak- 
en up  by  show-ring  devotees,  and  the 
present  Queen  usually  has  quite  a  few 
well-bred  hounds  in  her  kennels  at  Sand- 
ringham.  Mrs.  Tottie,  of  Bell  Bush, 
Yorkshire,  was  also  a  well-known  fancier, 
and  for  several  years  had  some  of  the 
best  known  prize  winners.  Comparative- 
ly few  people  even  now,  have  seen  basset 
hounds  at  work  in  England,  and  I  think 
I  may  safely  say  that  in  America  or  Can- 
ada, the  breed  is  unknown  from  a  work- 
ing standpoint. 

In  general  appearance  the  basset  looks 
something  like  a  well-bred  foxhound  — 
with  a  rather  old-fashioned  type  of  head, 
extremely  long  ears  and  deepish  flews  — 
the  whole  set  on  extremely  short  legs,  the 
forelegs  in  particular  being  bent  inwards. 

When  first  noticing  this  bent-legged 
appearance,  one  is  apt  to  hastily  come  to 
the  conclusion  that  the  basset  is  closely 
related  to  the  dachshund,  but  in  reality 
the  two  breeds  are  entirely  separate,  the 
dachshund  being  a  terrier,  while  the  bas- 
set is  a  genuine  hound  of  extremely  an- 
cient- lineage. 

As  to  the  length  of  time  these  hounds 
have  been  bred  in  their  present  form  it 
is  hard  to  say ;  but  in  Belgium  and 
France  they  are  by  many  authorities 
placed  in  three  classes,  as  follows: 

1.  Bassets  a  jambes  droites  (straight- 
legged  bassets). 


2.  Bassets  a  jambes  demi-torses  (with 
half-crooked  forelegs). 

3.  Bassets  a  jambes  torses  (with  fore- 
legs wholly  crooked). 

Coupled  with  the  above  distinctions  we 
find  that  they  possess  also  smooth  coats, 
rough  coats  and  half-rough  coats. 

The  rough-coated  hounds  are  known 
as  the  griffon-basset. 

The  crooked-legged  bassets  are  usu- 
ally chosen  as  the  most  typical  examples 
of  their  kind,  for  they  show  a  better  type 
of  hound  head,  as  well  as  the  long,  pen- 
dulous ears. 

As  regards  colors,  they  can  be  found 
in  any  of  the  following:  Black  and  tan, 
foxhound  color,  lemon-and-white,  blue- 
mottle,  hare-pie,  and  whole  red. 

The  tri-colored  hound  is,  I  think,  the 
most  popular,  as  far  as  pleasing  appear- 
ance is  concerned,  with  a  black  and  white 
body  and  tan  head. 

About  forty-six  pounds  in  weight,  and 
twelve  inches  in  height  at  the  shoulder, 
is  somewhere  about  the  right  thing  for  a 
basset. 

With  regard  to  hunting  qualities,  nose 
arid  courage,  the  basset  is  a  very  superior 
hound  indeed. 

On  the  continent,  where  the  coverts  are 
rough  and  of  great  extent,  the  rough- 
coated  variety  are  in  chief  demand,  but 
on  the  whole  the  smooth-coated  speci- 
mens of  this  breed  are  most  easily  obtain- 
able. When  hunting,  this  hound  is  most 
determined  and  independent.  He  pos- 
sesses an  extremely  delicate  nose,  and  can 
puzzle  out  the  very  coldest  scent. 

In  the  continental  sporting  districts  he 
was  used  chiefly  for  driving  game  to  the 
guns,  who  were  posted  in  convenient  po- 
sitions where  game  was  likely  to  break 
covert. 

In  the  forests  of  the  Ardennes,  a  larger 
type  of  rough-coated  bassets  were  used, 
chiefly  for  driving  wolves,  roe-deer,  and 
wild  boars.  In  very  many  districts  he  is 
still  used  in  various  forms  of  the  chase, 
such  as  badger  hunting,  the  killing  of 
vermin,  and  also  the  hunting  of  truffles. 

Being  most  courageous  by  nature,  he 
takes  kindly  to  the  chase  of  the  wolf,  and 
is  game  to  stay  right  after  the  quarry. 

When  first  entered  to  "the  chase  of  the 


THE  BASSET  HOUND  FOR  SPORT 


161 


hare  in  Great  Britain,  the  basset  pos- 
sessed one  or  two  natural  traits  which  re- 
quired correction  to  enable  a  pack  to 
work  well  together  and  finally  run  into 
their  beaten  hare. 

Although,  as  previously  mentioned, 
they  possessed  wonderfully  keen  noses, 
they  were  inclined  to  potter  too  much  on 
the  line,  and  for  pack  purposes,  were 
rather  too  independent.  With  care  and 
patience,  however,  these  slight  faults  were 
overcome,  and  one  or  two  packs  were  got 
together  which  showed  excellent  sport. 
The  basset  hound  is  naturally  slow  as  re- 
gards pace,  but  when  hunted  on  foot,  it 
will  be  found  that  they  are  quite  fast 
enough,  especially  over  ploughed  land,  for 
any  good  runner,  and  upon  sound  grass 
fields,  when  scent  lies  strong,  one  has  to 
put  one's  very  best  leg  foremost  to  live 
in  the  same  field  with  them. 

Bassets  require  more  time  and  patience 
in  their  education  than  do  beagles,  and 
possibly  for  this  reason,  as  well  a.  5  ihat 
they  are  somewhat  slow,  may  be  account- 
ed the  fact  that  there  are  so  few  packs 
regularly  hunted  in  England. 

The  nature  of  the  country  has  also  to 
be  seriously  considered  when  thinking  of 
starting  a  pack,  for  bassets  are,  owing  to 
their  low  stature  and  general  conforma- 
tion, unable  to  surmount  such  obstacles 
as  stone  walls,  which  to  the  average  bea- 
gle offer  no  very  great  hindrance. 

The  Walhampton  pack  started  in  1891, 
still  remains  active,  and  the  master,  by 
care  and  perseverance,  has  got  together  a 
most  excellent  pack,  which  kill  a  very  fair 
average  of  the  hares  they  run. 

In  the  early  part  of  a  season,  say  from 
September  to  early  in  November,  this 
pack  will,  as  a  rule,  hunt  and  kill  their 
hare  in  about  one  hour  and  a  half,  though 
later  in  the  season,  when  hares  are  strong- 
er and  travel  further,  two  hours,  or  more 
often  three  or  four  are  consumed  in  the 
chase. 

One  peculiarity  of  the  basset  hound, 
especially  noticeable  when  a  pack  is  hunt- 
ed, is  their  inability  to  easily  run  into 
and  kill  their  hare  quickly. 

Beagles  are  adepts  at  this  closing  scene 
but  very  often  bassets  will  mumble  their 
quarry,  and  in  some  instancse  prefer  to 
"throw  their  tongues"  rather  than  go  in 
and  put  an  end  to  their  beaten  hare. 


It  is  seldom  that  they  can  seize  and 
hold  their  hare  until  she  is  so  beaten  that 
the  huntsman  can  pick  her  up  himself, 
and  it  is  towards  the  end  of  a  run  that 
they  are  hardly  as  quick  and  handy  as 
beagles  would  be  under  similar  condi- 
tions. 

I  hunted  regularly  for  one  season  with 
a  small  pack,  the  property  of  a  friend, 
and  though  the  nature  of  the  district  was 
quite  favorable  to  them,  offering  no  diffi- 
cult obstructions,  we  succeeded  in  killing 
but  a  single  hare  during  the  season. 

The  district  was  highly  preserved,  and 
hares  were  too  plentiful  to  make  good 
hunting  with  hounds,  and  the  pack,  got 
together  by  drafts  from  other  packs,  was 
in  its  first  season  ;  and  to  these  facts  may 
be  attributed  our  non-success  in  killing 
more  hares  than  we  did.  Had  my  friend 
persevered,  the  following  season  would,  I 
know,  have  shown  a  great  improvement, 
but  being  rather  fond  of  fast  work,  he 
gave  them  up  and  turned  his  attention  to 
a  pack  of  beagles. 

With  care  and  perseverance,  a  good 
and  killing  pack  can  be  got  together, 
which  will  hunt  beautifully  and  will  kill 
a  fair  percentage  of  their  hares. 

Basset  hounds  give  beautiful  tongue, 
and  when  bred  to  type,  with  due  regard 
to  color  and  conformation,  it  is  a  great 
pleasure  to  watch  them  at  work. 

On  this  side  the  Atlantic  they  would 
prove  to  be  most  yaluable  for  hunting 
game  to  the  gun.  Hares,  rabbits,  foxes 
and  other  denizens  of  the  woods  and 
fields  would  make  ideal  quarry  for  them, 
and  if  bred  large  enough,  bassets  would 
prove  very  useful  on  muqh  larger  and 
savager  game. 

I  should  like  to  see  this  type  of  hound 
receive  more  attention  in  America  than 
has  hitherto  been  accorded  to  it,  but  I  do 
not  want  to  see  it  transformed  into  a 
mere  show  type,  and  spoiled  for  field 
work,  as  have  so  many  other  breeds  of 
sporting  dogs. 

Shows  are  all  right  for  some  few  breeds, 
such  as  bull-dogs,  pugs,  and  other  mon- 
strosities, but  the  working  types,  as  one 
can  easily  see  in  these  modern  days,  are 
infinitely  better  if  they  receive  the  least 
possible  contamination  from  the  "tar- 
brush" of  the  show-ring. 


A  Famous  Gun  Borer 


OF  THE    ITHACA  GUN  CO* 

Oldest  and  Best  Known  Barrel  Borer  in  the  World 


EVERY  lover  of  the  gun  will  be  *de-  As  far  back  as  1861,  during  the  ever- 
lighted  with  the  appearance  on  our  memorable  civil  war,  Uncle  Bob  made 
cover  for  the  present  month  of  barrels  for  the  government,  and  during 
Uncle  Bob  Edwards,  the  noted  borer  of  that  Period  of  upheaval  did  his  work  as 
the  Ithaca  guns.  Uncle  Bob,  as  he  is  quietly,  calmly  and  efficiently  as  he  ever 
familiarly  and  widely  known,  is  the  old-  did  in  the  piPinS  times  of  peace.  His 
est  and  by  far  the  best-known  barrel  bor-  lon&  experience  has  increased  his  skill 
er  in  the  world.  Sportsmen  travel  from  and  the  Ithaca,  guns  show  today  how  well 
far  and  near  to  Ithaca  to  see  the  veteran  his  efficiency  is  maintained.  v 
to  whose  skill  they  owe  many  fine  shots.  Another  of  Uncle  Bob's  distinctions  is 


A  FAMOUS  GUN  BORER 


163 


that  he  is  the  only  man  in  the  United 
States  who  ever  made  twist  and  Damas- 
cus barrels  in  America. 

The  Ithaca  Gun  Company  have  en- 
joyed the  advantages  of  Uncle  Bob's  serv- 
ices for  twenty-six  years,  and  the  com- 
pany credits  the  snooting  qualities  of 
their  guns  entirely  to  the  excellent  serv- 
ices rendered  them  by  Uncle  Bob  —  an 
unusual  thing  for  a  manufacturer  to  do. 

Shooters  from  all  over  the  world  write 
to  Uncle  Bob,  and  he  has  a  big  mail  to 
go  through  daily.  Many  come  from  far 
and  near  to  enjoy  the  pleasure  of  seeing 
and  talking  with  him.  Not  only  enthus- 
iastic shooters  but  gun  repairmen  of  the 
older  school,  who  have  guns  that  Uncle 
Bob  bored  for  the  past  generation  or  two, 
visit  Ithaca  for  the  purpose  of  "talking 
guns''  with  the  veteran. 

All  our  readers  will  be  pleased  to  know 


that  Uncle  Bob  is  in  the  enjoyment  of 
good  health,  and,  in  his  own  words,  is  "as 
spry  as  a  kitten."  He  has  the  further 
enjoyment  of  a  fine  country  place  for  the 
last  years  of  his  life,  and  possesses  the 
substantial  advantage  of  a  good  bank  ac- 
count. 

He  works  because  he  enjoys  boring 
guns  and  not  because  he  has  any  neces- 
sity for  continuing  his  occupation.  Of 
course  work  done  in  that  way  is  sure  to 
be  of  the  best  kind,  and  every  shooter 
will  hope  that  Uncle  Bob  may  be  able  to 
continue  his  gun-boring  —  the  work  he 
loves  and  the  work  to  which  he  has  de- 
voted a  long  working  life  —  for  many 
years  yet  to  come.  Long  life  to  the  vet- 
eran, and  may  his  sight  not  grow  dim  nor 
his  right  hand  forget  its  cunning  till  the 
last  call  comes ! 


Physical  Culture 

Weight  Lifting  vs.  Light  Bell  Exercise — High  Mindedness 

PART  VIII. 


VFTER  a  person  has  fully  developed 
/  \  his  muscular  structures,  and.  toned 
A  \.  up  his  organism,  it  is  not  an  un- 
usual thing  for  him  to  feel  that  he 
would  like  to  further  increase  his  strength 
and,  if  possible,  the  actual  size  of  the 
muscle.  When  I  say  fully  developed,  I 
mean  as  far  as  light  bells  will  carry  him, 
which  in  most  cases  will  be  as  full  as 
possible. 

In  cases  where  further  increase  is  really 
desired,  weight-lifting  exercise  will  add 
strength  (skill  in  the  use  of  the  muscles) 
and  sometimes  will  actually  increase  the 
bulk  of  the  muscle. 

However,  it  must  be  fully  understood 
here  and  now,  that  weight  lifting  by  an 
undeveloped  man,  or  even  partly  devel- 
oped, is  the  height  of  folly.  Even  should 
such  a  man  desire  to  start  on  weights  un- 
der me,  I  should  refuse  to  allow  him  to 


touch  them.  I  would  insist  on  his  fol- 
lowing out  a  light  bell,  or  free  exercise 
course,  until  his  muscles  were  developed 
to  the  necessary  strength,  and  his  organs 
in  perfect  condition  then,  if  he  so  wished, 
he  could  start  on  weight-lifting  exercises. 

I  say  weight-lifting  '  exercises,  not 
weight  lifting.  No  man  should  life  the 
heaviest  weights  daily,  but  he  might  ex- 
ercise with  fairly  heavy  ones  with  benefit 
(if  developed). 

Weight  lifting  will  do  but  little  in  de- 
veloping an  undeveloped  man,  but  might 
strain  his  organs.  It  will  harden  the 
sinews  certainly,  but  does  not  develop 
much,  and  at  the  best  he  seldom  goes 
far  in  his  ambition.  He  must  first  get 
the  foundation  of  muscle  and  health. 
Once  this  is  obtained  in  full,  heavy  exer- 
cises may  increase  '  both  strength  and 
muscle. 


164 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


Unless  a  man  is  very  much  in  earnest 
it  is  unnecessary,  for  if  the  ordinary  man 
fully  contracts,  and  fully  extends,  all  his 
muscles,  with  due  concentration,  a  cer- 
tain amount  daily,  he  will  obtain  a  devel- 
opment as  useful  as  with  heavier  work 
for  all  ordinary  purposes.  Indeed,  he 
will  be  far  above  the  average. 

Weight  lifting  is  doubtless  a  fine  sport, 
and  the  fascination  of  being  able  to  handle 
a  big  weight  appeals  to  most  persons.  If 
any  of  my  readers  are  desirous  of  doing 
so,  always  remember  that  you  must  first 
pass  through  the  lighter  stage  if  you  have 
not  already  done  so,  just  as  a  candidate 
for  Parliament  must  first  obtain  his  seat 
and  then  must  work  up  to  it  with  plenty 
of  perseverance  before  he  can  possibly  be- 
come a  leader.  Weight  lifting  is  not 
for  weaklings  or  half-developed  men,  but 
is  very  advanced  work,  and  only  to  be 
taken  up  by  advanced  men  of  developed 
physique. 

The  intricacies  of  physical  culture  are 
many.  Some  little  time  back  a  young 
German  came  to  me  for  advice.  He  was 
a  weight  lifter  and  had  a  splendid  devel- 
opment. Despite  his  development  he  was 
not  satisfied  and  asked  if  I  could  im- 
prove him.  To  his  probable  surprise 
(doubtless  he  expected  some  extra  weight 
lifting)  I  gave  him  certain  light  dumb- 
bell work,  and  excluded  him  from  weights 
for  a  time.  I  measured  him  again  in 
about  twelve  days  and  he  had  gained  l}i 
inches  in  the  chest,  ^4  inch  in  the  arm, 
and  about  1  inch  in  the  thighs,  which, 
considering  the  length  of  time,  was  re- 
markable, but  it  gave  me  something  to 
think  about,  and  that  was,  the  many 
points  to  be  considered  in  physical  cul- 
ture. I  learn  something  from  my  obser- 
vations constantly,  and  although  I  have 
certain  claims  as  an  authority  perhaps, 
yet  a  man  who  desires  success  is  always 
learning,  and  is  always  ready  to  learn; 
whether  he  be  young  or  old.  The  man 
who  thinks  he  can  learn  no  more  remains 
at  a  standstill  and  is  soon  passed. 

Let  any  readers  always  remember  that 
they  must  learn  to  walk  before  they  can 
run,  and  to  run  before  they  can  leap.  Pa- 
tience is  a  virtue,  and  this  applies  most 
especially  to  those  desirous  of  adding  ad- 
ditional inches  to  their  physique,  or  ob- 


taining greater  strength.  The  man  who 
is  able  to  add  pound  to  pound  weekly  will 
go  farther  than  he  who,  in  his  impatience, 
tries  to  add  twenty  pounds  before  master- 
ing the  last  amount. 

You  may  see  advertised  weight-lifting 
systems.  They  are  useless  to  you  unless 
you  are  already  developed  through  the 
lighter  systems,  but  as  I  told  you  in  my 
last  article  —  beware  of  light  systems 
which  are  fanciful  or  intricate,  or  in  which 
too  much  dieting  occurs.  Be  moderate 
in  diet,  thought,  deed,  or,  in  fact,  all 
things,  and  you  will  be  pretty  safe,  but' 
do  not  allow  a  fancy  or  a  hobby  to  degen- 
erate-into  a  fad. 

The  advantage  of  a  good  light  system, 
in  which  concentration  is  taught  fully 
may  be  known  from  the  following  testi- 
mony of  a  gentleman  who  is  one  of  my 
long-distance  pupils.  Happening  to  come 
to  Regina,  he  met  me,  and  in  answer  to 
my  query  as  to  how  he  found  the  work, 
replied:  "Well,  I'm  so  busy  that  I  can 
only  cram  in  about  six  minutes  of  your 
exercise  a  day  during  the  last  few  months, 
but  that  concentration  work  for  six  min- 
utes has  kept  my  health  perfect,  my  mus- 
cles have  developed,  and,  best  of  all,  I 
have  got  rid  of  that  pain  between  my 
shoulders  from  which  I  suffered  after  my 
day's  work.  I  did  a  good  thing  when  I 
took  up  that  system  of  yours." 

This  gentleman,  is  one  of  those  busy 
men  who  never  have  much  time  to  them- 
selves. During  the  day  business,  and 
every  evening  either  church,  parish  or 
public  work  keeps  him  at  it  all  the  week, 
even  Sunday  being  a  busy  day  owing  to 
choir  and  Sunday-school  superintendence. 
Just  six  minutes'  work,  and  he  feels  it 
keeps  him  right.  It  almost  seems  impos- 
sible. Personally  I  should  advise  not 
less  than  fifteen  minutes  daily,  if  possi- 
ble thirty.  Yet  this  gentlemna  is  at 
least  14  inches  around  the  arm  and  40 
inches  or  more  in  the  chest,  being,  it  is 
true,  five  feet  ten  inches  tall,  possibly 
more.  But  for  his  six  minutes  daily  exer- 
cise he  would  probably  be  unable  to  cope 
with  the  amount  of  brain  work  he  has  to 
do. 

This  is  just  a  case  in  point,  showing 
the  assistance  a  busy  man  can  get  from 


PHYSICAL  CULTURE 


165 


exercise,  and  how  little  time  may  be  giv- 
en if  actually  pushed.  Do  not  take  too 
closely  to  this  suggestion,  however,  for  I 
do  not  think  less  than  fifteen  minutes  suf- 
cient  even  for  busy  men,  especially  when 
you  think  that  the  few  minutes  spared 
out  of  twenty-four  hours  are  for  the  sake 
of  that  much  more  valuable  asset  than 
wealth,  namely  Health. 

The  man,  or  boy,  woman  or  girl  who 
has  taken  up  physical  culture  for  a  few 
weeks  will  soon  discern  an  improvement, 
which  spells  encouragement,  and  this  in 
turn  means  ability  to  battle  with  impure 
thoughts  or  actions.  Knowing  that  im- 
purity stunts  or  dwarfs  the  growth,  and 
the  natural  inclination  to  idealize  a 
beautifully  developed  body,  the  beau- 
tifying of  one's  own,  strengthens  one 
against  impurity,  and  creates  a  great- 
er zest  for  exercise.  Exercise  en- 
nobles and  broadens  the  mind,  for 
as  it  builds  the  body,  and  through  this  the 
brain,  so  in  its  turn,  if  the  organ  of  the 
mind  is  strengthened,  the  mind  is  fed  with 
intellectual  and  nobler  thoughts.  The 
man  or  boy  desirous  of  reaching  the  top 
should  exercise.  Most  men  who  have 
made  their  own  way  are  athletes  and  have 
relied  much  on  exercise.  Only  recently 
I  Was  reading  that  most  of  the  United  * 
States  Presidents  were  athletes,  and  even 
after  thev  were  well  advanced  in  years 


most  of  them  exercised  in  some  form  or 
another. 

Gladstone  exercised  regularly;  in  fact, 
many  of  the  world's  most  prominent 
statesmen  exercise.  I  also  believe  that 
certain  well-known  millionaires  never 
miss  a  day  without  it.  As  a  matter  of 
fact,  no  man  can  afford  to  try  and  do 
without  it.  Exercise  is  as  necessary  as 
eating. 

Many  a  man  has  pleaded:  "I  do  not 
know  how  to  exercise."  Apart  from  the 
systems  available,  the  most  ignorant 
could  skip,  or  go  through  the  motions, 
and  five  minutes  of  this  daily,  with  sev- 
eral minutes'  deep  breathing  through  the 
nose  in  the  open  air  would  do  much  to 
drive  out  the  cobwebs  around  one's  brain. 
When  I  say  deep  breathing  I  mean  to 
empty  the  chest  also.  You  should  al- 
ways empty  a  vessel  of  dirty  matter,  be- 
fore filling  it  anew  with  clean ;  so  with 
the  lungs ;  expel  all  stationary  or  tidal 
air,  then  fill  up  with  oxygen.  As  a  finish 
to  the  work  walk  vigorously  to  your  of- 
fice and  back,  if  possible,  or  make  an  op- 
portunity to  take  the  walk  at  another 
time. 

My  readers  should  adopt  as  closely  as 
possible  the  old' maxim  of  the  Romans: 
"Mens  sana  in  corpore  sano" —  A  sound 
mind  in  a  sound  body.  Adopt  it  and  live 
up  to  it. 


A  FINE  FREAK  DEER  HEAD. 


The  accompanying  illustration  shows  a  fine 
freak  deer  head  which  has  excited  a  wide  inter- 
est in  the  district  of  the  Province  of  Quebec  in 
which  it  was  captured.  The  deer  was  shot  by 
Mr.  Charles  Berry,  of  Linda,  who  had  a  fine 
hunt  in  which  this  specimen  fell  to  his  gun. 
When  the  head  was  examined  it  was  found 
that  the  animal  possessed  three  horns  instead 
of  two,  and  great  care  was  taken  of  the  tro- 
phy. The  mounting  was  entrusted  to  Mr.  H. 
Downs,  of  East  Dudswell,  and  at  present  the 
head  is  in  the  possession  of  Mr.  H.  L.  Reilly, 
of  East  Angus,  at  whose  place  of  business  it 
has  been  seen  by  considerable  numbers  of 
sportsmen.  The  head  is  exceptionally  fine  and 
the  horns  good,  the  whole,  as  will  be  seen, 
forming  a  trophy  of  which  any  sportsman 
might  well  be  proud. 


Game  Law  Amendments 


THE  Provincial  Legislatures  of  Nova 
Scotia,  New  Brunswick,  Manitoba 
and  British  Columbia  have  amend- 
ed their  game  laws  last  session, 
and  hunters  who  intend'  to  visit  either  of 
those  Provinces  during  the  coming  sea- 
son would  do  well  to  note  the  changes 
that  have  been  made.  They  are  sum- 
marized below : 

Nova  Scotia. 

The  open  season  for  moose  has  been 
made  a  fortnight  earlier,  being  now  Sep- 
tember 16th  to  November  16th. 

Cow  moose  are  protected  until  1912. 

Every  person  who  kills  a  moose,  wheth- 
er the  meat  is  offered  for  sale  or  not,  is 
now  required  to  make  an  affidavit,  in  a 
statutory  form,  to  the  effect  that  the 
moose  was  killed  legally,  and  the  head, 
the  skin  of  the  neck,  and  the  legs  of  such 
moose  must  be  exhibited  to  the  justice  or 
warden  taking  such  affidavit. 

The  open  season  for  hares  ends  Febru- 
ary 1st  instead  of  March  1st. 

Otters  are  protected  between  March  1st 
and  November  1st. 

Marten  are  protected  throughout  the 
year. 

It  is  not  permitted  to  damage  or  molest 
any  muskrat  house,  or  set  any  trap  with- 
in twenty-five  feet  of  such  house. 

Prohibition  of  hunting  game  animals 
with  dogs,  between  February  1st  and  Oc- 
tober 1st,  is  extended  to  cover  all  mam- 
mals, whether  included  in  the  definition 
of  game  or  not. 

Wild  geese,  brant  and  sea  ducks  are 
added  to  the  birds  that  can  be  shot  after 
sunset  and  before  sunrise. 

Liberty  is  extended  to  non-residents  of 
the  Province  to  carry  in  the  woods  fire- 
arms not  greater  than  22,  without  taking 
out  a  non-resident's  license. 

Provision  is  made  for  the  issue  with 
each  non-resident's  license  of  a  tag  bear- 
ing the  number  of  the  license  and  name 
and  address  of  the  licensee,  which  tag 
must  be  attached  to  the  head  or  other  por- 
tion of  a  moose  exported  by  a  non-resi- 
dent licensee. 

It  is  forbidden  to  export  skins  of  any 


fur-bearing  animals  without  first  obtain- 
ing a  permit  from  a  game  official  who 
shall  have  examined  such  skins. 

New  Brunswick. 

Sub-section  3  of  Sction  2  is  new,  and 
reads : 

The  expressions  "calf  moose"  and  "calf 
caribou"  shall  be  construed  to  mean  that 
the  animal  is  a  calf  until  at  least  three 
(3)  years  old,  and  has  at  least  three  (3) 
points  or  tines  not  less  than  four  (4) 
inches  long  on  each  horn. 

Sub-section  8  of  the  same  section  has 
been  widened,  and  now  reads: 

The  expression  "Chief  Warden"  shall 
mean  a  "Chief  Fishery,  Fire  and  Game 
Warden,"  and  the  expression  "Warden" 
includes  the  Surveyor-General,  chief  war- 
den, a  deputy  warden,  special  warden, 
game  guardian,  clerk  of  a  market,  and  ev- 
ery other  person  temporarily  called  upon 
or  instructed  by  a  warden  to  assist  in  the 
enforcement  of  this  Act. 

By  sub-section  c  of  Section  3  the  close 
season  for  mink,  fisher  or  sable  is  altered 
so  as  to  read  from  March  31st  to  Novem- 
ber 1st,  instead  of  from  March  31st  to  Oc- 
tober 15th,  an  extension  of  a  fortnight. 

An  open  season  for  partridge  is  allowed 
from  September  15th  to  November  30th 
by  sub-section  d  of  the  same  section ;  and 
by  subsection  2  an  open  season  for  musk- 
rate  throughout  the  Province  is  allowed 
from  March  10th  to  May  10th. 

The  protection  of  the  beaver  is  con- 
tinued till  July  1st,  1912,  and  the  prohibi- 
tion of  the  sale  of  partridge  extended  to 
September  15th,  1912. 

The  following  new  sub-sections  are 
added : 

(5)  Has  in  his  possession,  or  keeps  in 
cold  storage,  during  the  close  season,  the 
carcass,  or  any  portion  thereof,  of  any 
moose,  caribou,  deer,  or  any  game  animal 
or  game  bird. 

(6)  Being  the  proprietor,  or  manager, 
of  an  hotel,  inn,  boarding  house,  or  res- 
taurant, advertises  on  his  menu  or  bill  of 
fare,  or  serves  or  sells  any  cooked  game 
or  dish  composed  in  whole  or  in.  part 
thereof,  after  fifteen  days  from  the  ex- 


GAME  LAW  AMENDMENTS 


167 


piration  of  the  open  season  for  such 
game. 

The  following  important  sub-section  is 
added  to  clause  four: 

(7)  No  person  shall  bring  or  carry  in 
or  upon  any  forest,  wood  or  other  resort 
for  moose  or  caribou,  any  gun  or  other 
firearm,  between  the  30th  day  of  Novem- 
ber and  the  15th  day  of  September  in  the 
year  following,  without  first  having  ob- 
tained from  the  Surveyor-General  or  a 
chief  game  warden  a  permit  so  to  do.  The 
like  right  is  hereby  given  to  search  any 
camp,  or  other  building,  situate  in  any 
forest,  wood  or  other  resort  of  moose  or 
caribou,  for  any  such  gun  or  other  fire- 
arm, as  is  provided  by  section  39. 

Clause  5,  referring  to  the  offences  re- 
specting transportation  and  export  of 
game,  has  been  much  strengthened  by  the 
addition  of  the  following: 

(3)  Carries  or  transports  from  place 
to  place  within  the  Province,  or  exports, 
or  in  any  way  assists  in  the  exportation 
of  any  game,  within  the  meaning  of  this 
Act,  or  the  carcass  or  any  portion  thereof, 
or  the  green  hide  of  such  game,  contrary 
to  the  provisions  of  this  Act,  except  the 
same  be  authorized  by  special  license  of 
the  Surveyor-General  under  section  49  of 
this  Act. 

(4)  Each  hunter's  license  issued  un- 
der section  44  shall  have  attached  to  it 
one  tag  or  coupon  for  each  animal  author- 
ized to  be  hunted  and  killed  under  such 
license.  Each  tag  or  coupon  shall  be  di- 
vided into  two  sections,  to  be  termed  (a) 
"Return  section,"  and  (b)  "Shipping  sec- 
tion," and  each  tag  shall  permit  the  hold- 
er of  such  license  to  transport  the  carcass 
or  portion  thereof,  of  one  animal  which 
he  himself  has  lawfully  killed  under  such 
license,  by  presenting  to  the  agent  of  any 
transportation  company,  or  common  car- 
rier, or  person  acting  as  such,  his  license, 
with  the  tags  or  coupons  attached  there- 
to, at  the  time  such  carcass  or  portion 
thereof  is  offered  for  transportation.  The 
agent,  or  person  receiving  the  carcass  or 
portion  of  a  carcass,  for  shipment,  shall 
detach  from  the  license  the  tag  or  cou- 
pon, corresponding  with  the  carcass  or 
part  of  the  carcass,  to  be  shipped ;  and 
shall  see  that  each  section  of  such  tag  has 
written  on  it  the  name  of  the  licensee  and 


the  number  of  such  license,  and  shall  can- 
cel each  section  of  such  tag  by  writing  or 
stamping  thereon  the  date  and  place  of 
shipment  and  his  initials.  Such  agent  or 
person  shall  forthwith  transmit  to  the 
Surveyor-General  the  "return"  section  of 
such  tag.  The  other  or  "shipping  sec- 
tion" of  the  tag  shall  be  attached  to  the 
carcass  or  portion  offered  for  shipment, 
and  shall  remain  attached  to  the  same 
while  it  is  being  transported  in  this  Prov- 
ince Any  agent,  servant  or  employee  of 
any  express  company  or  common  carrier, 
who  shall  receive  for  shipment,  or  trans- 
port, or  have  in  his  possession  with  intent 
to  ship  or  transport,  any  carcass  of  a 
moose  or  caribou,  or  part  of  the  same,  or 
any  carcass  of  a  deer  or  part  of  the  same, 
except  as  herein  provided,  or  who  shall  re- 
fuse or  neglect  to  detach  the  sections  of 
the  tags  as  herein  provided,  or  who  shall 
fail  to  forward  to  the  Surveyor-General 
at  Fredericton,  N.  B.,  as  herein  provided, 
the  sections  of  tags  by  him  detached,  shall 
be  punished  by  a  fine  of  not  less  than 
twenty-five  dollars,  nor  more  than  one 
hundred  dollars,  and  costs,  for  each  of- 
fence. 

Whoever  shall  furnish  to  another  per- 
son, or  permits  another  person  to  have  or 
use  any  license  or  tag  issued  to  him,  or 
change  or  alter  the  same  in  any  manner, 
or  who  has  or  uses  any  license  or  tag  is- 
sued to  another  person,  shall  be  punished 
by  a  fine  of  not  less  than  twenty-five,  nor 
more  than  one  hundred  dollars,  and  costs, 
for  each  offence. 

Hunting  and  killing  of  partridge  for  ex- 
portation, and  any  attempt  to  export  part- 
ridge from  the  Province,  is  made  an  of- 
fence punishable  by  fine.  , 

Section  7,  offences  during  open  season, 
has  the  following  sub-section  added : 

(7)  Being  a  non-resident  of  the  Prov- 
ince, hunts,  takes,  hurts,  injures,  shoots, 
wounds,  or  destroys  any  partridge,  snipe 
or  woodcock,  or  any  game  bird  mentioned 
in  said  section  3  of  this  Act,  without  be- 
ing the  holder  of  a  license  so  to  do,  which 
said  license  the  Surveyor-General  is  here- 
by authorized  to  issue  on  payment  of  a 
fee  of  ten  dollars  for  every  such  license. 

The  clauses  dealing  with  the  wardens 
and  their  duties  are  greatly  strengthened 
and  now  read  as  follows: 


168 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


(28)  The  Surveyor-General  shall  ap- 
point four  or  more  chief  wardens  to  be 
known  as,  "chief  fishery,  game  and  fire 
wardens,"  and  shall  assign  to  each  a  por- 
tion of  the  Province  as  his  district  It 
shall  be  the  duty  of  a  chief  warden  to  su- 
pervise all  wardens  in  his  district  and  at- 
tend generally  to  the  enforcement  and  ob- 
servation of  this  Act,  and  all  Acts  of  As- 
sembly relating  to  the  fisheries  of  the 
Province,  and  the  protection  of  the  woods 
from  fire.  Each  chief  warden  shall  report 
to  the  Surveyor-General  at  such  times  as 
by  regulation  or  otherwise  he  may  be  re- 
quired so  to  do. 

(29")  The  Surveyor-General  shall  ap- 
point as  many  deputy  wardens  and  special 
wardens  in  each  of  such  districts  as  may 
be  necessary  .  .  .  Provided,  that 
no  person  shall  be  appointed  or  continue 
to  act  as  deputy,  special  or  other  warden 
until  he  shall  first  have  passed  an  exam- 
ination to  the  satisfaction  of  the  Survey- 
or-General, or  such  other  person  as  he 
may  appoint  to  hold  such  examination,  as 
to  his  knowledge  of  woodcraft,  habits,  and 
resorts  of  game  animals,  the  provisions  of 
the  different  Acts  for  the  protection  of 
game,  the  fisheries  of  the  Province,  and 
for  the  protection  of  the  woods  from  fire 

Clause  44,  dealing  with  licenses  and  li- 
cense fees  includes  two  deer  in  addition 
to  one  bull  moose  and  and  one  bull  cari-. 
bou  ;  makes  the  non-resident  fee  $50  and 
the  residential  one  $2. 

The  guide's  license  is  fixed  at  $1,  and 
such  license  will  only  be  issued  to  a  reg- 
istered guide. 

The  license  for  camp  help  is  also  fixed 
at  $1,  and  will  only  be  issued  to  a  bona 
fide  resident  of  the  Province. 

A  big  game  license  for  the  county  of 
Westmoreland  will  be  issued  to  a  non- 
resident for  $25,  and  to  a  bona  fide  resi- 
dent for  25c ;  a  license  to  hunt  and  kill 
two  deer  in  the  county:  Non-resident  $10, 
resident,  25c  The  non-resident  license  is 
only  issued  at  the  discretion  of  the  Sur- 
veyor-General and  only  authorizes  the 
hunting  of  deer  in  localities  where  deer 
abound  and  moose  and  caribou  are  not 
plentiful 

No  individual  can  hold  more  than  one 
license  at  one  time. 

If  non-residents  are  accompanied  by 


ladies  who  do  not  shoot  any  fees  paid  on 
their  behalf  shall  be  returned. 

Clauses  47,  4&,  49,  50,  51  deal  with  the 
registration  of  guides  and  their  duties, 
and  makes  them  responsible  for  reporting 
breaches  of  the  law  by  parties  under  their 
guidance  on  pain  of  fine  and  cancellation 
of  license.  All  non-residents  must  have 
guides,  and  no  guide  must  be  employed 
by  more  than  two  hunters. 

By  sub-section  2  of  section  51  it  is  de- 
clared an  offence  to  kill  any  moose  or 
caribou  in  such  a  place  or  under  such  cir- 
cumstances as  render  it  impossible  to 
bring  out  the  head,  unless  absolutely  ne- 
cessary in  order  to  provide  food. 

Clause  53  provides  for  licensing  taxi- 
dermists, the  registration  fee  to  be  $1. 

Any  dealer  in  provisions  or  meat  who 
has  a  license,  the  fee  for  which  is  $1,  may 
purchase  and  have  in  his  possession  three 
deer,  and  sell  the  same  at  retail  to  his 
local  customers,  and  the  heads  to  a  li- 
censed taxidermist  All  the  transactions 
must  be  recorded  in  a  book  open  at  all 
times  to  the  inspection  of  the  government 
officials. 

The  bounties  on  wildcat  or  lynx  are  re- 
duced from  $1.50  to  $1.00. 

Deer  on  the  Island  of  Grand  Manan  are 
protected  till  September  15th,  1919. 

Manitoba. 

The  amended  Act  for  Manitoba,  to 
which  assent  was  given  on  March  10th 
last,  strengthens- the  law  in  many  points. 

In  future  the  holder  of  a  hunting  per- 
mit must  not  only  have  it  in  his  posses- 
sion when  hunting,  but  must  procure  it 
before  the  first  day  of  the  open  season  and 
be  prepared,  when  exercising  the  privi- 
leges it  confers  upon  him  to  "produce  the 
same  on  the  demand  of  any  person." 

To  clause  3  have  been  added  the  follow- 
ing important  sub-sections : 

(g)  Any  person  who  is  legally  in  pos- 
session of  a  permit  under  this  section, 
duly  issued  to  him,  shall  be  a  game  guar- 
dian for  the  purpose  of  the  enforcement  of 
this  Act  during  the  open  season. 

(h)  Every  person  who  lawfully  kills 
one  of  the  said  animals  shall  take  away 
the  head  along  with  the  carcass,  and 
either  produce,  such  head  or  account  for 
same  on  demand  of  any  person,  and  fail- 


GAME  LAW  AMENDMENTS 


169 


ing  to  do  so  shall  be  liable  to  punishment 
as  for  a  violation  of  subsection  d  of  this 
section. 

A  further  sub-section  provides  for  cou- 
pons for  shipment  of  game  within  the 
Province,  these  coupons  being  divided  in- 
to four  sections,  lettered  respectively,  A 
for  the  head,  B  for  the  hide,  C  for  the 
meat,  and  D  to  be  forwarded  to  the  chief 
game  warden  by  the  carrier  receiving  the 
shipment.  Each  section  must  contain 
the  number  of  the  permit. 

By  sub-section  b  of  section  5  mink  is 
given  the  same  protection  as  fisher,  pekan 
or  sable,  viz.,  between  April  1st  and  No- 
vember 1st. 

The  entire  protection  of  pheasants  is 
extended  from  1909  to  1920. 

The  bag  limit  for  duck  is  restricted  to 
twenty  for  any  one  day  before  October 
1st,  and  fifty  for  any  one  day  afterwards. 
No  wild  ducks  are  to  be  sold  before  Octo- 
ber first,  and  it  is  prohibited  to  take  any 
in  cold  storage  before  that  date.  A  Pro- 
vincial bird  license  fee  of  $1  is  established 
for  residents,  of  cities,  towns  and  incor- 
porated villages. 

By  clause  8  cold  storage  plants  or 
warehouses  are  to  be  licensed,  the  annual 
fee  in  each  case  to  be  $2.  Books  must  be 
kept  and  receipts  given  for  all  game  pur- 
chased or  received,  while  duplicate  re- 
ceipts are  to  be  forwarded  to  the  chief 
game  warden. 

All  dog  trainers  are  subject  to  an  an- 
nual license  fee  of  $10  if  resident,  and  $15 
if  non-resident.  The  special  privileges 
to  the  Manitoba  Field  Trials  Club  are 
omitted.  Dogs  known  to  pursue  deer  are 
prohibited  from  being  allowed  at  large  in 
deer  localities  at  any  time  during  the 
year. 

An  annual  fee  of  $5  is  required  for  a 
taxidermist's  license ;  books  are  to  be 
kept,  and  a  duplicate  record  of  each  tran- 
action  forwarded  to  the  chief  game  war- 
den. A  licensed  taxidermist  will,  under 
special  permit,  be  able  to  take  specimens 
of  birds  and  animals  for  purely  scientific 
purposes,  but  in  no  case  for  decorative  or 
ornamental  purposes. 

Two  new  sub-sections  are  added  to 
clause  22,  dealing  with  the  export  of  heads 
and  hides  as  under: 

(a)    There  shall  be  payable  for  every 


permit  for  the  exportation  out  of  the 
limits  of  this  Province  of  any  of  the  hea* 
or  hides  of  the  animals  mentioned  in  sec- 
tion 3  of  this  Act  the  following  fees, 
namely,  five  dollars  for  each  moose,  elk 
or  caribou  head,  and  two  dollars  for  each 
head  of  deer  or  deer  exported,  and  no 
head  or  scalp  shall  be  exported  in  the 
green  state,  and  a  fee  of  ten  cents  for  each 
hide  exported ;  provided,  however,  that 
any  licensed  taxidermist  may  have  a  per- 
mit for  the  export  of  such  heads,  scalps 
or  antlers  free  of  charge ;  provided  fur- 
ther, that  permits  may  be  issued  to  any 
hide  and  fur  dealer  for  the  export  in  bulk 
of  any  of  the  skins,  hides  or  pelts  of  such 
animals  legally  in  his  possession,  on  pro- 
ducing and  filing  a  statutory  declaration 
showing  when,  where  and  by  whom  the 
animals  of  which  the  skins,  hides  or  pelts 
formed  a  part  were  killed  or  taken,  and 
on  payment  of  a  fee  of  ten  cents  for  each 
skin,  hide  or  pelt  so  exported 

(b)  No  fee  shall  be  payable  under  this 
section  in  the  case  of  a  non-resident  hold- 
ing a  non-resident  hunting  license 

The  export  of  unprime  skins  is  prohib- 
ited, and  trespassing  is  forbidden  if  no- 
tice is  given. 

By  clause  24  the  non-resident  license 
fee  is  reduced  from  $100  to  $50,  and  in 
the  case  of  a  British  subject  from  $25  to 
$10.  Sub-section  a  allows  the  grant  of 
complimentary  permits  to  the  King,  the 
Governor-General,  the  Premier,  and  the 
Lieutenant-Governors  and  Premiers  of 
all  the  Provinces.  Sub-section  b  provides 
that  any  resident  accompanying  or  aiding 
a  non-resident  to  hunt  or  shoot  without 
the  necessary  permit  is  equally  guilty  of 
a  violation  of  the  law,  and  subject  to  the 
same  penalties. 

Very  wide  powers  are  given  to  the  war- 
dens appointed  under  the  Act  to  enforce 
its  clauses,  and  the  penalties  are  made  se- 
vere. 

Power  is  given  by  clause  38  to  take  and 
capture  a  limited  number,  not  exceeding 
twelve,  of  any  bird  or  animal  protected 
under  the  Act,  for  the  purpose  of  handing 
over  to  the  government  of  any  other 
Province,  State  or  country  at  the  request 
of  such  government,  and  authorizing  the 
export  of  such  animals  or  birds  from  the 
Province. 


170 


ROD  AND  GTOsF  IN  CANADA 


Very  effective  posters  showing  the  op- 
en and  close  seasons  in  black  and  white, 
the  bag  limit,  and  penalties,  are  issued 
by  the  Game  Department. 

British  Columbia. 

The  Legislature  of  British  Columbia 
made  several  amendments  to  the  Game 
Act  at  their  recent  sittings. 

A  step  long  advocated  by  many  sports- 
men has  been  taken  in  the  protection  of 
bears,  a  close  season  being  now  in  force 
from  July  15th  to  September  1st.  It  is 
also  forbidden  to  take  bear  by  means  of 
a  trap  south  of  the  main  line  of  the  Can- 
adian Pacific  Railway.  Already  several 
successful  prosecutions  have  been  made 
and  fines  imposed.  The  cases  naturally 
gave  rise  to  much  discussion,  but  the  gen- 
eral opinion  is  apparently  in  favor  of  the 
course  taken,  particularly  since  the  griz- 


zly —  a  most  interesting  animal  whose 
disappearance  from  the  mountains  all 
would  regret  —  was  decreasing  to  such  an 
extent  as  to  cause  some  doubts  of  his  con- 
tinued existence. 

The  season  has  been  shortened  by  a 
month  for  mountain  sheep,  and  the  bag 
limit  reduced  from  three  to  two. 

This  reduction  in  the  bag  limit  applies 
also  to  mountain  goat  and  caribou,  the 
limit  being  fixed  at  three  in  both  instances 
instead  of  five  as  formerly. 

Careful  investigations,  we  are  inform- 
ed, show  that  the  wapiti  and  mountain 
sheep  are  on  the  increase,  the  inroads  of 
the  Stoney  Indians  having  been  stopped 
some  years  ago,  and  the  results  of  this 
step  are  already  apparent.  In  some  de- 
gree this  statement  applies  to  all  the  big 
game. 


A  FIGHTING  RABBIT. 

''Wonders  never  cease."  A  grey  rab- 
bit that  has  certainly  made  a  name  for  it- 
self is  at  present  in  the  possession  of  Dr. 
Rudd,  veterinary  surgeon,  of  Woodstock, 
Ont.  The  rabbit  came  from  a  farm  at 
Oxford  Centre,  a  near-by  village.  It  is 
in  appearance  a  very  ordinary  rabbit,  but 
its  record  has  placed  it  in  a  class  all  by  it- 
self. The  animal  is  of  a  very  pugnacious 
temperament.  In  his  early  days  on  the 
farm,  he  had  a  scrap  with  a  billy  goat, 
which  resulted  in  a  win  for  his  bunnyship. 
The  goat  didn't  like  the  rabbit's  presence 
in  the  farmyard.    One  fine  day  he  began 


The  Fighting  Rabbit. 


to  show  his  antagonism  to  the  little  fellow 
by  trying  to  oust  him.  Bunny  went  at 
him  and  fought  with  tooth  and  nail.  The 
goat's  hocks  were  so  lacerated  after  the 
fight  that  he  was  crippled  for  life.  The 
next  scrap  the  rabbit  had  was  with  a  cat. 
The  cat  was  whipped  properly.  The 
strange  animal  began  to  grow  conceited 
with  himself  and  waged  war  against  tur- 
key gobblers,  dogs,  roosters,  and  every 
other  specimen  of  animal  kind  that  came 
into  his  territory.. 

Bunny  fought  his  way  to  the  head  of 
the  farmyard,  where  for  a  time  he  held 
regal  sway.  His  antics  at  first  amused 
the  farmer,  but  later  his  despotism  be- 
came such  that  it  was  thought  best  to  ex- 
ile him. 

He  was  given  to  Dr.  Rudd  and  the 
farmyard  resumed  its  old  ways.  When 
brought  to  the  Rudd  stables,  the  rabbit 
started  in  by  whipping  the  doctor's  bull- 
dog The  dog  at  first  chased  the  rabbit, 
which  turned  and  fastened  its  teeth  into 
the  dog's  tail.  The  two  had  to  be  separ- 
ated. 

The  rabbit,  if  he  continues  to  play  the 
tyrant  so  generally  in  his  new  quarters, 
may  find  himself  tucked  snugly  in  a  pot- 
pie  ere  long,  the  doctor  says. 


T  ^ 

Alpine  Club  Notes 


A  good  deal  of  interest  has  been  expressed  in 
the  English  climbers  who  are  to  be  the  guests  of 
the  Alpine  Club  of  Canada  at  the  camp  this  year. 
All  are  distinguished  mountaineers,  and  most  of 
them  are  seeing  the  Canadian  mountains  for  the 
first  time.  The  party  is  headed  by  Professor  H. 
B.  Dixon,  F.  R.  S.,  who  made  the  ascent  of  Mount 
Lefroy  tweive  years  ago.  He  is  very  keen  to  re- 
new his  pleasant  experiences.  oiiould  nothing 
happen  to  aiter  the  plans  already  made,  the  fol- 
lowing visitors  are  expected:  Prof.  H.  B.  Dixon 
and  Mrs.  Dixon,  G.  A.  bolly  and  Mrs.  Solly,  Miss 
Maclay,  A.  Mumm,  Dr.  Benson  and  Mrs.  Ben- 
son, G.  ^.  Baker,  L.  C.  M.  S.  Amery,  W.  P.  Has- 
kett-Smith,  G.  Hastings,  Dr.  A.  H.  Tubby,  Rev.  A. 
E.  Aldridge,  G.  Priestly,  Dr.  Tempest  Anderson, 
W.  Garden,  Ernest  Dixon,  Oscar  Rohde,  E.  F.  M. 
McCarthy,  and  A.  M.  Bartleet.  If  all  goes  well, 
and  the  weather  is  favorable,  the  appreciation  of 
the  natural  beauty  and  grandeur  of  a  little-known 
part  of  Canada  should  be  greatly  extended. 


On  Victoria  Day  the  president  and  executive 
secretary  paid  a  visit  to  the  clubhouse  now  being 
erected  at  Banff.  High  on  the  side  of  Sulphur 
Mountain,  it  is  conspicuous  from  afar,  an  object 
of  interest  to  all  Banff.  So  much  work  has  been 
done  that  it  is  easy  to  form  an  dea  of  the  com- 
pleted structure.  Round  three  sides  of  the  build- 
ing is  a  roomy  verandah,  a  delightful  place  to 
lounge  and  indulge  in  five  o'clock  tea  after  more 
strenuous  exertion.  The  assembly  room  is  a  noble 
hall,  34  feet  by  34  feet.  At  one  end  is  a  great 
open  fireplace,  built  of  boulders  from  the  bed  of 
the  Bow  river,  and  given  by  the  Vaux  family  of 
x  hiladelphia  in  memory  of  the  late  William  Vaux, 
Jr.,  whose  name  is  inseparably  connected  with  the 
glaciers  of  the  Canadian  mountains.  At  the  back 
of  the  assembly  room  lie  the  office,  the  kitchen, 


and  a  roomy  hall  containing  a  handsome  open  fire- 
place. Upstairs  are  tne  smoking  room,  the  li- 
brary and  two  bedrooms.  Both  the  library  and 
the  smoking  room  have  fireplaces.  So  much  for 
the  building  itself.  Nothing  has  been  said  of  the 
view,  which  is  glorious  from  any  part,  but  more  es- 
pecially from  tne  roomy  bow  window  in  the  li- 
brary. One  sees  the  valleys  on  each  side  of  Tun- 
nel Mountain.  In  full  view  are  Mounts  Rundle, 
Cascade,  Aylmer,  Inglismaldie,  Peeclfee,  the  Ver- 
million mountains  and  the  -^ie  town  of  Banff, 
and  as  the  shadows  come  and  go  in  the  valley  and 
the  clouds  drift  over  the  hills,  one  realizes  how 
fair  the  world  is.    It  is  good  to  be  alive. 


The  tent-house  sites  for  the  club-house  camp 
were  located.  As  already  stated,  there  are  quar- 
ters for  ladies,  gentlemen  arid  married  people. 
According  to  this  classification  it  would  appear 
that  married  people  are  not  gentlefolk,  but  if  not 
the  rose,  they  will  be  very  near  the  rose.  The 
ladies'  tents  are  the  more  convenient  and  have  lit- 
tle platforms  in  front  of  them;  the  gentlemen 
certainly  have  the  finest  view.  In  the  grounds  is 
a  spring  which  rises  at  a  sufficient  elevation  to 
supply  the  club  house  and  camp  with  all  the  water 
that  can  be  desired,  and  some  mountaineers  desire 
a  good  deal.  Opening  out  of  the  hall  will 
be  the  dining  tent,  and  meals  will  be  served  at 
small  tables. 


There  is  no  doubt  tne  majority  of  members  will 
be  greatly  surprised  when  tney  see  the  club  house 
and  camp;  and  having  once  seen  it  they  will  de- 
sire to  stay  there  whenever  they  can  get  accom- 
modation. The  ladies  of  the  furnishing  commit- 
tee will  be  grateful  for  anything  in  the  way  of 


172 


ROD  AND  GUN  IN  CANADA 


furniture.  One  gentleman  presented  a  teacup  and 
a  feather  duster,  sending  his  cheque  for  twenty- 
five  dollars  to  pay  for  them. 


Should  any  member  wish  a  little  wholesome  ex- 
ercise, his  services  will  be  most  acceptable  in  put- 
ting the  grounds  of  the  club  house  in  order.  Some 
few  rears  ago  a  fire  swept  along  Sulphur  Moun- 
tain and  the  windfalls  now  cumber  the  ground. 
None  of  the  dead  trees  are  very  thick,  and  they 
would  afford  fine  physical  culture  as  well  as  fire- 
wood, applications  for  the  privilege  will  now  be 
received. 


It  is  the  fashion  to  sneer  at  Banff  as  a  place 
for  old  fogies,  but  it  is  quite  possible  that  mem- 
bers may  find  very  strenuous  work  within  reach. 
Tnere  is  quite  a  sporting  way  up  Sulphur  Moun- 
tain, starting  from  the  back  door  of  the  club 
house. 


Applications  for  accommodation  in  the  general 
camp  at  Lake  O'Hara  are  coming  in  rapidly,  and 
there  is  every  probability  that  it  will  be  the  most 
successful  camp  of  all.  Certainly  the  site  is 
ideal,  and  the  opportunities  for  climbing  embrace 
all  degrees  of  difficulty.  How  many  people  in 
Eastern  Canada  know  where  Lake  O'Hara  is? 
Probably  more  in  New  York  or  Philadelphia  than 
in  Montreal  or  Toronto.     And  yet  it  is  one  of,  if  not 


the  most  beautiful  place,  in  all  the  wide  Dominion. 
The  Alpine  Club  is  doing  its  work,  the  education 
of  Canadians  to  appreciation  of  their  mountain 
heritage. 


The  committee  has  decided  on  the  following 
prizes  for  the  art  competition  to  be  held  at  the 
O'Hara  camp: 

Section  1.  Photographs  of  alpine  scenes:  A  ruck 
sack. 

Section  2.  Photographs  of  mountain  flowers,  etc.: 
An  ice  axe. 

Section  3.  Oil  painting  of  alpine  scene:  "The 
RocKies  of  Canada,"  by  W.  D.  Wilcox. 
To  see  this  book  is  to  desire  it;  to 
possess  it  is  an  abiding  pleasure. 

Section  4.  Water  color  of  alpine  scenery:  Aner- 
oid barometer. 

Section  5.  Etchings  or  pen  and  ink  sketches  of 
aipine  scenes:  An  ice  axe. 


Members  are  reminded  that  all  exhibits  must  be 
in  the  hands  of  the  committee  not  later  than 
July  20th.  1909. 

Attention  of  all  interested  in  the  Alpine  Club 
of  Canada  is  called  to  the  fact  that  the  number 
of  the  postorrice  box  of  the  executive  secretary  has 
been  changed.    It  is  now  Box  624,  Calgary,  Alta. 


Canadian  Made  Portable  Houses 


Brantford,  the  Telephone  City, 
has,  ever  since  the  conception  of 
the  telephone  by  Dr.  Graham  Bell, 
been  noted  for  being  a  progressive 
city,  with  large  manufacturing- 
concerns.  The  manufacturers  of 
this  city  are  always  alert  for  new 
industries. 

Messrs.  Schultz  Bros.  Co.,  Lim- 
ited, one  of  the  most  progressive, 
have  recently  added  two  new  lines 
to  their  present  industry,  which 
was  established  in  1869. 

One  of  the  new  lines  embraces 
Portable  Summer  Houses,  Garages, 
Boathouses,  Hunting  Cabins,  etc., 
which  are  of  a  scientific  construc- 
tion, and  require  no  science  to 
erect. 

The  other  new  line  consists  of 
the  Motor  Boat  business  previous- 
ly carried  on  by  Mr.  N.  R.  Thomp- 
son of  that  city.  These  boats, 
which  are  so  well  and  favorably 
known  to  the  majority  of  our 
readers,  have  met  with  such  fa- 
vor throughout  Canada  that  larger 
premises  were  required.  Mr. 
Thompson  will  have  charge  of 
assured.    The  Schultz  Bro 


[70,000  square  feet  of  floor  space] 
FACTORY  OF  MESSRS.  SCHULTZ  BROS.  CO.,  LIMITED,  BRANTFORD. 
Makers  of  Portable  Garages,  Summer  Houses,  Motor  Boats,  Etc. 


these  two  new  departments,  and    the  success  of  them  is  already 
Co.,  Limited,  advertisement  appears  in  this  issue.  . 


The  Song  of  the  Winchester 


Full  heir  to  the  twistbored  yager  gun,  with  its  half -inch  slug,  I  stand; 
His  rest  was  the  Forty-niner's  arm,  as  mine  is  the  sportsman's  hand. 
I  am  king  of  my  day  as  he  of  his,  from  the  swamp  to  the  saw-backed  spur, 
And  there's  never  a  trail  but  has  heard  the  hail  of  the  ringing  Winchester. 

I've  saved  the  leagured  wagon  train  from  the  scalping  knife  and  stake; 

I  have  held  the  lead  through  the  blind  stampede  in  the  bison's  dust-dimmed  wake. 

By  the  reeking  dives  of  the  placer  camp  I  have  killed  for  a  careless  jest; 

And  I've  raped  the  loot  from  the  stage-coach  boot  at  the  bandit's  stern  behest. 

Away  in  the  dusk  of  the  Arctic  night,  where  the  frozen  rivers  flow, 
And  the  fringed  aurora  floods  and  fades  on  the  endless  fields  of  snow, 
The  hardy  hunters  trust  my  sights  and  my  spinning  bullet's  speed 

When  they  seek  the  lair  of  the  great  white  bear  or  the  haunt  of  the  gray  wolf's  breed. 

The  steaming  glades  of  the  Amazon,  where  the  crouching  jaguar  clings, 
Have  felt  the  breath  of  the  whirring  death  my  long-necked,  cartridge  brings, 
And  the  wind- whipped  crests  where  the  condor  nests  on  the  roof -ribs  of  the  world 
Have  marked  the  thin  blue  jet  of  smoke  from  my  flashing  muzzle  curled. 

Oh,  I  am  the  mate  of  the  deep-lunged  men,  stout  son  of  a  martial  line, 
From  Uruguay  to  the  Kootenay,  from  Mangrove-reef  to  Pine; 
In  the  throbbing  glare  of  the  desert  air,  by  the  rocks  where  the  rapids  purr, 
There  is  never  a  gun  for  fight  or  fun  like  the  steel-blue  Winchester! 

— Joseph  Mills  Hanson. 


Deputy  (jrame  Warden  Cummings,  of  Chilliwack, 
B.  C,  gives  an  excellent  report  of  the  condition  of 
the  Mongolian  pheasants  in  his  district.  It  is 
hoped  to  rear  enough,  by  giving  the  eggs  to  hens, 
to  liberate  one  hundred  and  fifty  more  birds  in  the 
Province.  The  increase  in  the  next  few  years 
should '  be  marked,  and  with  efficient  protection 
should  soon  supply  reasonable  sport  for  all  desir- 
ous of  taking  part  in  it. 


Motor  boating  grows  in  popularity  each  month 
•of  the  season,  and  so  widespread  has  become  the 
demand  for  a  reliable  low-priced  boat  that  enter- 
prising manufacturers  have  realized  the  need  for 
meeting  it.  Accordingly  Messrs.  H.  E.  Gidley  & 
Co.,  the  well-known  boat  builders  of  Penetangui- 
shene,  Ont.,  are  this  season  building  a  special  20- 
foot  boat  in  quantities  which  enable  them  to  offer 
it  at  a  very  reasonable  figure  without  in  any  way 
lowering  the  high  standard  of  quality  for  which 
Gidley  craft  are  noted.  The  boat  is  20  feet  long, 
4  feet  6  inches  beam,  and  equipped  with  a  three 
h.p.  Ferro  special  engine.  The  engine  is  placed 
well  forward  and  affords  one-man  control.  Tests 
of  these  specials  are  reported  to  have  exceeded 
the  company's  expectations,  and  they  anticipate  a 
lively  demand  for  them  during  the  present  summer. 

One  of  the  troubles  visitors  to  the  silver  country 
of  Ontario  have  experienced  has  been  the  lac*,  of 
any  reliable  map  snowing  the  various  canoe, 
launcn  and  wagon  routes,  for  reaching  the  princi- 
pal centres.  A  map  has  just  been  published  show- 
ing distinctly  the  various  centres  of  interest  and 


indicating  now  they  may  be  reached,  and  whether 
the  means  of  transportation  is  a  canoe,  or  one 
that  will  also  convey  freight.  These  maps  are  for 
sale  by  applying  to  Mr.  A.  Bromley- Smith,  415 
Dorchester  street  west,  Montreal,  and  they  are 
well  worth  the  price  asked  for  them,  namely  $1.00. 


The  latest  addition  to  the  Ontario  government's 
fishery  protection  fleet  is  the  steamer  Navareh,  a 
tidy  seagoing  ship  of  15  tons  burden,  55  feet  long 
and  9  feet  beam.  The  hull  is  a  Herreschoff  design 
of  exceptional  strength.  At  a  trial  trip  at  Tor- 
onto on  May  20tii  u±ie  lake  was  rough  but  the 
launch  steamed  along  easily  and  rode  the  waves 
steadily,  making  good  time  and  fully  meeting  the 
expectations  of  the  department,  whose  engineers 
consider  the  new  boat  one  of  the  best  and  fastest 
vessels  in  the  government  service.  The  boat  will 
be  engaged  in  patrolling  the  eastern  portion  of 
Lake  Ontario  and  the  St.  Lawrence  and  Rideau 
rivers.  —  ■ 

The  Roosevelt-Smithsonian  expedition  is  equip- 
ped with  several  of  Marble's  safety  axes,  knives, 
waterproof  matchboxes,  pocket  revolver  and  rifle 
rods,  and  a  large  quantity  of  nitor-solvent  oil. 
The  members  of  the  Peary  arctic  expedition  are 
carrying  an  even  larger  equipment  of  the  Marble 
specialties.  Harry  V.  Radford,  who  has  just 
started  on  a  three-year  sub-arctic  exploration  trip 
into  the  barrens  of  North  America  and  Siberia, 
carries  a  complete  outfit  of  these  specialties,  in- 
cluding the  new  Marble  creation — the  Game-Getter 
gun.  Such  an  arm  is  invaluable  to  the  explorer, 
prospector  and  hunter. 


The  Story  of  the  Stevens'  Productions 


Chicopee  Falls,  Mass.,  is  famous  as  the  home  of 
the  J.  Stevens  Arms  &  Tool  Company,  a  firm 
whose  products  have  now  attained  worldwide  cel- 
ebrity. 

Joshua  Stevens,  the  founder  of  the  well-known 
establishment,  began  business  in  a  very  small  way, 
and  until  he  retired,  in  1896,  the  whole  was  con- 
ducted in  an  old  wooden  factory,  which  is  still 
shown.  Mr.  Stevens  is  described  as  a  quiet,  stu- 
dious man,  always  keen  after  any  possible  im- 
provement in  the  goods  he  made,  and,  though  a 
strong  character,  taking  no  part  in  politics  or  re- 


Various  sizes  and  styles  of  pistols  were  evolved. 
From  a  large  idea  came  the  carbine,  while  a 
larger  and  more  patient  series  of  experiments  re- 
sulted in  the  rifle.  The  single-barrel  shotgun  was 
another  development  and  the  double-barrel  fol- 
lowed, while  these  ail  again  have  multiplied  into 
many  grades  and  weights.  Experiments  have  been 
continually  carried  on  by  those  inspired  and  per- 
sonally trained  by  Mr.  Stevens,  until  the  Stevens 
Company  claim  the  largest  line  of  sporting  fire- 
arms and  the  largest  output  of  the  same. 

Two  of  Mr.  Stevens'  neighbors  joined  him  in  his 


J oshua  Stevens. 


ligion.  with  the  exception  of  a  deep  feeling  against 
slavery,  which  found  expression  in  the  financial 
aid  he  gave  to  the  abolitionists.  Even  after  his 
retirement  he  maintained  a  deep  interest  in  all 
that  concerned  the  making  and  improving  of  fire- 
arms. 

A  beginning  was  made  with  revolvers,  the  first 
model  of  Colt's  being  manufactured  by  Mr.  Stev- 
ens. After  devising  further  improvements  in  re- 
volvers he  gave  up  that  part  of  the  business  and 
invented  a  pistol  of  a  new  type,  called  by  the 
workers  the  "Kick-up,"  because  the  barrel  sprang 
upward  for  breech-loading.  From  that  little 
"Kick-up"  mighty  developments  have  come. 


work,  and  founded  the  firm  of  Stevens,  Taylor 
Fay.  A  grist-mill  was  purchased  and  turned  into 
a  pistol  factory,  and  the  firm  became  widely 
known  for  particularly  fine  work.  Later  they 
put  up  a  wooden  structure,  which  came  to  be 
known  as  "the  Shack,"  and  in  it  manufactured  ex- 
cellent ri