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Quebec 

Canada 



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66 



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,99 



AND A LITTLE OF ITS FAMILY HISTORY 



By Edward C. Crossman 




THE ROSS STRAIGHT PULL .280 RIFLE 

REPRINTED FROM ARMS AND THE MAN 
The National Military and Shooting Weekly 
Washington. D. C., U. S. A. 



A 




66 



99 



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AND A LITTLE OF ITS FAMILY HISTORY 



Bp EDWARD C. CROSSMAN 



I T has been preceded by a relative embodying most of the good points 
common to that family, but, like other sorts of relatives, this one 
had several objectionable characteristics. 

The relative was wonderfully accurate but the barrel was too long. It 
hung well, but it was a trifle too heavy. Its straight-pull bolt in speed of 
ire made the box magazine lever gun look like unto the trickling oi 
New Orleans black jack molasses from the cask on a chill day, but the 
safety lock thumb piece was not in quite the right position. 

The stock was of fine wood, but there was too much of it. Its velocity 
of 3150 foot seconds, coupled with its accuracy, made game killing fea- 
sible at a far longer range than with any other existing arm, but its 
sights were too crude for the fine work of which the rifle was capable. 

And so, with the faults of the existing gun plainly in view, there grew the 
specifications of the ideal gun, until one day the plans were worked out in 
wood and steel, and the rifle started on its long journey to the Southwest. 

Between the checked steel butt plate and the slim blue muzzle are the 
results of half a lifetime’s intelligent experimenting on the part of the 
world’s foremost authority on firearms. And besides, there are all the 
cranks and whims of the fellow for whom the rifle was built — all save one. 

Its owner, possessing a sporting Springfield, a double rifle, a made-to- 
order 'Sauer-Mauser and other arms of like class, is at last up a stump — 
unable to think up a rifle to wish for. 

This Ross — it is a Ross, of course, else it could not have been described 
as it has been — is probably the most perfect game-killing weapon in these 
United States, excepting possibly other rifles by the same maker. 

Its velocity is 3150 foot seconds with 150 grain bullet, or 3300 foot 
seconds if one desires to use a bullet as deficient in sectional density as 
our New 'Springfield. It is even more accurate than our New Spring- 
field. It uses the most modern form of game shooting bullet, a care- 
fully made Spitzer, capable of groups as small as our best New Spring- 
fields, and yet collapsing on impact and making a fearful wound. One 
cannot cavil at the accuracy of a weapon that will shoot six inch groups 
at 500 yards and that has the following family history : 

At Bisley, 1908, 15 shots at 900 and 1000 yards, possible at 900, 72 out 
of 75 at 1000. Edge Match Rifle Competition, 15 shots at 1000 and 1100 



yards. Ross won, score 73 and 73. User finally won the long range 
championship of England for 1908. 

And next year, with the angle for match shooting still further closed 
in by gain in velocity, the bull-headed Eley layout knocked the Ross’s 
fine record higher than a kite by making ammunition according to their 
ideas, instead of following Sir Charles Ross’s specifications. 

One cannot pick flaws in the balance of this fine rifle nor criticise 
workmanship so perfect as it shows. 

Even the hardest bitten of the speed of fire maniacs cannot find fault 
with the talk of a gun that can out-gabble any lever action of equal 
recoil and hold its own with the automatic. 

Therefore, if this rifle be not the finest game shooting arm in exist- 
ence, what is? 

The rifle weighs 7J^ pounds. To the minds of some cranks this is 
overly heavy. To others it is still shy of the proper avoirdupois. 

Those who fancy shooting 150 grain bullets at 3150 feet seconds, out 
of featherweight guns, can have their every desire met — the Ross Com- 
pany makes these rifles to weigh 6 pounds 12 ounces. They are welcome 
to their choice. Likewise, the gentleman who enjoys carrying things can 
have a Schuetzen barrel built on his rifle, without getting into any argu- 
ment with the owner of this one. 

The barrel is 26 inches long, selected out of a choice of 28 inches and 
24 inches, for the reason that the 24 inches interferes with the ballistics of 
the rifle and the 28 inch is too long for packing around brushly mountains. 

The stock is made with the full pistol grip on the lines of our made- 
over sporting Springfields, the grip capped with steel and the butt fitted 
with checked steel butt plate with a trap therein. The wood well figured, 
curly, imported walnut, as hard as bone and as difficult to split. 

The finish is the dull, glintless finish of the best London makers — not 
varnish, nor yet the insufficient oil bath of the New Springfield stock. 
In years the London finish acquires the dull, rich polish that only the 
handwork will produce. 

The grip, the forestock, the trigger, and the forward side of the bolt 
handle are checked. The barrel is turned with handsome taper, larger 
than the Springfield at the breech, smaller at the muzzle. The rifle bal- 
ances like the traditional shotgun, rather an indefinite form of compari- 




son but the gun meant is the fine bnglish sort— not the product of the 
Malleable Parts & Thrown Together Company. 

The metallic sights consist of a see-saw rear leaf with “V” cut there- 
in ' , .SLt lde ° f the " teete r-totter” is for 200 yards, the other for 500 
yards. The bow end of the combination consists of a gold bead. All the 
sights and the forestock fastener as well, are banded about the barrel— 
not stuck in slots that approach the bore uncomfortably close and assist 
the barrel to perform the gyrations of an agitated six ounce rod. 

But these metallic sights are not all. 

In a brown, heavy, sole-leather 
case besides the rifle, there came to 
hand a telescope sight fit for the ri- 
fle on which it was to go. And that 
means a good sight. It is a Goertz 
Pernox, a glass rarely seen in this 
country and not stocked by the 
dealers. It is useless to point out 
the quality of all Goertz produc- 
tions. This sight is fully up to the 
standard and most of the approved 
design into the bargain. It is of 
the prismatic type, the prisms set in 
a box that projects slightly from 
the top of the tube. It is but eight 
inches long and weighs, case, sling 
strap and all, V/ 2 pounds. Eleva- 
tion is obtained by moving a milled 
wheel on top of the tube, which in 
turn raises and lowers the “cross- 
hairs” in their frame. 

The power is i l / 2 diameters ; the 
field 16 feet at 100 feet. If you de- 
sire, make comparisons between 
this and the best American glass 
you can find of equal power. Unless you have used the prismatic type 
of telescope you cannot appreciate the brilliancy of the field of this sort 
of glass. 

The cross-hair, so-called, consists of a thin steel picket, running to a 
point just above the horizontal hair — another piece of steel. Neither 
vertical nor horizontal hair is open to the charge of being frail, that can 
be brought against the hairs of the ordinary type of glass. 

The mount, as worked out by the Ross Company, is the first satisfactory 
design the writer has seen. The glass can be attached to the rifle as easily 
as a shell can be inserted into the magazine, and can be yanked off with 



Showing the Telescope on the Rifle 



equal promptness. Ordinarily it should be carried in its case to prevent 
damage occurring to it, and added to the rifle when occasion requires. 

Maybe there is a simpler and stronger form of mount for the tele- 
scope sight. If so I hope to own one, it should be perfection itself. 

The German makers habitually mount thier telescopes to bolt guns by 
screwing mount plates to the covered over bridge part at the rear end of 
the Mauser receiver, and to the receiver where the barrel joins. And by 
so doing they weaken the portion of the receiver supporting the strain of 
the upper locking lug. Occasionally this is blown out when so weakened. 

Mounts with either the forward 
or both ends attached to the barrel 
endanger the telescope by transmit- 
ting the barrel vibration and flip. 
Thus cometh the evil repute of the 
telescope as a frail thing and poor. 

The metallic sights on my Ross 
are entirely visible when the tele- 
scope is on the rifle. The glass is set 
just a trifle to the left of the cen- 
ter, to enable the user to load the 
magazine and yet not carry the 
face from the stock in aiming. 

The forward fixed mount can be 
moved laterally by loosing the heavy 
screw, allowing the telescope to be 
adjusted with the zero of the rifle. 
In no sense is it a wind gauge, nor 
is such a device desirable on a hunt- 
ing rifle designed for rough work. 

Once more pass in review the 
details of the arm and get on the 
palimpsest of your mind its image. 
Accuracy equal to that of any arm 
in the world ; trajectory the flattest ; 
action the fastest ; bullet the dead- 
liest of the small bore tribe. Now affix the most perfect of modern tele- 
scopes to the arm, put it in the hands of a person able to hold hard 
enough to score possibles at 500 yards, and how far away, think you, the 
combination can slay game ? Is my enthusiasm misplaced or extravagant ? 

The Ross uses the Mauser pattern of double column magazine. The 
follower, however, is not pushed up by a double leaf spring, but by a lever 
pivoted in the forestock and actuated by a spiral spring below it. On the 
Ross in question, this lifter lever is fitted with a checked finger piece, 
placed where the fingers of the left hand curve around the forestock. By 
slightly depressing the fingers the magazine becomes merely an open box 



with the follower on the bottom. The shells are dropped in and arranged 



to »et off five shots in five seconds with an aim enough to hit a deer at 
50 yards The writer hereby undertakes to convert any user of a lever 
gun from the error of his ways, if he w.lUgree to Me a nft shooting rar- 



to regrasp the rifle at the receiver and press the shell out of the way 

z §1 Ms® 

soiral grooves in the sliding bolt sleeve engaging in the spiral ribs on the 
SSS same principle as the well-known s^a^w-drn^s. 

Mannlicher used this scheme on his most suc^ssfid strai ^ °f thb type of 
on the only successful ones, to be accurate. The merits of this type ot 
bolt mechanism have been demon- 
strated not only by the Canadian 
officials in adopting the Ross rifle, 
but by our own Ordnance Depart- 
ment in their tests of the Ross. 

The present Austrian rifle, Model 
of 1895, the new and the old pat- 
terns of Schmidt-Rubin of Switz- 
erland, and the Canadian Ross are 
straight pull rifles and alike in 
principle. There is no record of 
their having proved unsatisfactory 
or the Swiss would not have re- 
tained this action in their new rifle. 

The British Text-Book of Small 
Arms for 1909 says, regarding the 
straight-pull bolt : 



Mhe.jfSoythe^^cheste;. 
Forty-seven shots in ninety-four seconds including reloading is a fa r 
record' for offhand; fifty shots in one hundred and nine seconds s not 
bad for prone shooting, and fifty shots m ninety-eight sec0 J<Js is not 
, * i : Ucciinw nncitinn — na rhcnlarlv when 20 oer 



The straight-pull bolts can be operated a trifle more quickly and are 
more easily worked without removing the rifle from the shoulder; also 
the straight-pull bolt is less likely to be jammed by sand than a rotating 
bolt, for the latter draws the sand down between bolt and the leftside of 
the body when it is opened and occasionally causes a serious jam. Nuff ced. 

The bolt handle on the writer’s rifle is bent down close to the frame, 
giving a pull to the rear more nearly in line with the travel of the bolt, 
and making a much neater looking rifle than those with the handles stick- 
ing out some distance. The thumb piece of the safety lock is bent down 
nearlv flush with the bolt handle so the thumb can' be pressed nearly full 
length on the rear surface of the bolt handle over the safety lock. There 
may be faster actions, but the writer has not seen them. . 

There is no arm motion required as compared with the turnbolt, simplv 
a back and forth snap of the wrist and forearm. Tt is not at all difficult 



much worse when using the kneeling position— particularly when 20 per 
cent of the shots hit the bullseye used in the test. The poor Lee-Enfield 
used in the test took three hundred and forty-five seconds to shoot 
fortv-six rounds in the prone position. . , ■ 

With the rifle came two Ross letterheads of the standard commercial size, 
S 1 / by 11 inches. On each was a group of ten shots made by the writer s 
rifle f rom machine rest. One group measures 7% inches, the other measuies 
5^ inches. They were shot at 500 
yards. In the larger group the mean 
radius is 2.35 inches ; in the smaller 
it is 1.70 inches. Do you know of 
a rifle that will equal this? 

It must be pleasing to get out a 
perfect rifle, to work out a new 
cartridge that is miles ahead of 
anything yet produced, to see your 
rifle achieve final success in the 
greatest rifle matches in the world, 
and then next year to have the 
rifle forced out of the hands of its 
best friends by the impossibility of 
getting ammunition that would hit 
a flock of livery stables at a hun- 
dred fathoms. 

Sir Charles Ross savs that Job had a snap compared with the troubles of 
the modern rifle designer. The .280 Ross cleaned up the field at Bisley in 
1908 , establishing records at the extreme ranges that still stand unbroken. 

With the accuracy of the cartridge firmly established, the action of the 
rifle proven to be perfect, and a new game killing bullet ready for those 
who like their bullseyes on the hoof, it seems to me the ivory-headed 
gentlemen who run things for the Eley layout proceeded to kick the 
rifle’s good record into a hodge-podge that looked like the arriving place 
of two fast freights head on, and only one set of rails to handle them. 

Not satisfied with altering Ross’s carefully worked out bullet jacket 
composition, they proceeded to vary the even run of the bullets to keep 
things from getting monotonous. The result of their brilliancy was that 
the next year the markers used to spot the Ross bullets about six targets 
to the right or left of the place shot at, and the barrels looked like the 




The Ross .280 Copper Tube Cartridge; Bullet cut open to show hollow copper point 



best vein in the best copper mine of the Butte country. The reputation 
of the Ross as a target gun was swept away even faster than it had 
been established. 

To further tickle the Ross factory president, the Eley layout took his 
pet copper tube bullet, a perfect form of game killing projectile when made 
according to his specifications, and proceeded to turn it out in a form that 
wouldn’t open up on a freight engine, let alone a deer. Pleased with the 
reports they received — that it took eight of these cartridges to kill where 
■one should be enough — they varied 
the powder charge as much as two 
.grains so the bullet would not hit 
a three-foot square at 400 yards. 

Result, letters such as that of 
■“Joy” reprinted in arms and thi; 
man a few months ago. The reason 
is that the walls of the copper tube 
were not made according to speci- 
fications, and the blame bullets 
were merely Spitzers with weak 
.and undecided bows. The photo- 
graph printed with this article 
shows the state of the properly 
made bullet when fired into wood 
— even from a rifle with as low a 
velocity as the .303 British. 

Ross arose in his wrath, drew 
up specifications for the cartridge 
and the bullet, as they should be, 
got some powder from our DuEont 
Company, painted a picture of a 
large and angry Scotch gentleman 
with a large and warty club,, aad 
set out in search of a cartridge 
company able and willing to make 
good ammunition, with the afore- 
said picture before them as a re- 
minder. 

The designer insists on the bullets being made in a manner that will 
give possibles at 1200 yards, even though intended for game shooting 
alone. In our factories the name of game killing bullet seems to be 
synonymous with game missing bullet. Witness our ordinary ammuni- 
tion giving groups between 8 inches and 14 inches at 200 vards. 

One hundred thousand copper tube bullets, made according to Hoyle 
and tested for every evil under the sun, including eccentricity and stra- 
bismus, have been turned out for Ross. An equal number of cartridge 



cases of a quality up to our Frankford stuff — never true of the Eley 
.280 case — have been taken in hand by a well-known factory. This year 
will see the Ross again where it belongs. 

Without question the .280 cartridge is the most perfect in the world at 
the present time, from a military standpoint. To the writer’s mind the 
rifle also comes under this classification. 

The action is without doubt stronger than that of our New Springfield, 
being designed for a back-thrust under ordinary circumstances 25 per cent 
greater than that of the 1906 car- 
tridge. This is due to the large size 
of the .280 shell at the rear end of 
the powder chamber. 

The Springfield locking lugs are 
supported by the metal in the re- 
ceiver at its top and bottom, the 
bolt lugs locking in a vertical posi- 
tion. The Ross bolt locks so the 
lugs lie on either side of the re- 
ceiver, not at its top and bottom. 
The lugs are cut- into a form not 
unlike the interrupted thread of our 
naval rifles’ breech plugs. The lugs 
are supported not only by the shoul- 
ders into which they turn, but by 
the heavy receiver sides running 
back on either side of the rifle. 

So far the only way our Spring- 
fields have let go is by the break- 
age of the locking lugs, either from 
overloads, obstructions in the bar- 
rels, or through faulty tempering 
of the lugs to. the point of brittle- 
ness. In spite of this the Ross is 
unquestionably superior in theory 
in its locking arrangement. The 
weakening of the Mauser top-lug 
recess by the telescope mounts, and 
the resultant blow-out mentioned before, show what might happen with 
a flaw in this shoulder or an accidental weakening of the metal. 

Ross has stated positively that the ordinary Mauser action will not 
handle the .280 cartridge with its 50,000 pounds working pressure. He 
has pointed out that the back-thrust on the Ross bolt was about 11,000 
pounds, depending of course upon the condition of the chamber with re- 
gard to oilness. That the working pressure of the Mauser cartridges de- 
veloped a back thrust of only 7,000 pounds. This, taking the standard 8 



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Two Groups Shot with the Rifle and Good Ammunition 
Range 500 yards, ten shots per group. Left group 7 3-4 Inches, right 5 3-8 inches 
Shot by Mortimer, well-known Canadian shot 



and 7 mm. cases anti a working pressure o£ 40,000 pounds per square 
inch The Mauser action would hold the cartridge all right— the barrel 
will usually quit before the bolt— but according to Ross the lugs woo d 
so set back into their receiver shoulders that misfires would soon result 
In spite of this, along came Charles Lancaster with not only Mauser 
but even double rifles to handle the .2S0 cartridge. Wes ley Richards 
followed suit. The writer, desiring to unearth this particular Ethiopian 
procured some of the .280 cartridges used by Lancaster, et als. ihe 
unearthing was a howling success. . , . „ « 

It is hardly necessary to say that nitroglycerine powder gives lower 
pressure than nitro-cellulose, velocities being equal. It is even less worth 
while to restate the results of 
using nitroglycerine powders in 
large charges, as far as the life of 
the rifle barrel is concerned. 

Yet on opening one of these 
genuine .280 cartridges— made by 
the Kings Norton Metal Co.— the 
writer discovered a nice little 
package of M. D. Cordite — 42 
grains of it! Worse and more of 
it, the bullet weighed but 135 
grains instead of the regulation 
150 grains for the genuine .280. 

Using this bullet and this powder, 

Ross could get around 3600 foot 
seconds in his rifle without run- 
ning up the pressure unduly. The 
fake developed 2900 foot seconds 
and a working pressure of 40,000 
pounds, entirely within the limits 
of the Mauser action. 

The writer would surely enjoy . 

paying Lancaster around three hundred cartwheels for a double rifle, in 
which to shoot 42 grains of Cordite and an inferior bullfit with the 
point sawed off. The barrels would be even more innocent of rifling 
after a couple years’ use than when they started out. 

The advent of the .280 case, with its years of experiment, brought out 
a flood of cartridges equal to the .280 on paper. The secret lay in every 
case in the light bullet used, or in the nitroglycerine powder, or both. 
Rigby put out a Mauser for the 7 mm. case, for which he claimed 3000 
foot seconds. He conveniently forgot to mention bullet weight and 
powder — one being but 135 grains as compared with the standard 170 
grains and the other being Axite with an affinity for barrel steel nearly 
equal to Cordite itself. 



As Ross puts it, if he could have gotten 3150 foot seconds with the 7 
mm case and nitro-cellulose, using a bullet of the required weight, he 
would not have gone to the trouble of making a new case. Conversely 
if anyone can get 3000 foot seconds with the 7 mm. case and a bullet of 
the required sectional density, with nitro-cellulose behind it, then by 
using the bigger .2S0 case, still greater velocity can be obtained. _ bo tar 
the ' -wder that will accomplish this has not appeared on the horizon. 

Our 1906 cartridge is a makeshift like the 8 mm. of Germany and the 
new .303 pointed bullet, British army cartridge. It is a good cartridge, but 
its limit is reached with our present powder. And if better powder powder 
giving higher velocities for the same pressure and erosion is turned out, 
then the .280 cartridge will again 
stride ahead faster than can thel906. 

Consider the cold blooded process 
of elimination that was responsible 
for the .280 cartridge, compare it 
with the history of our 1906 — 
groping attempts for a satisfactory 
cartridge without reason or con- 
sideration — and you can see plain- 
ly why the .280, for military pur- 
poses, so far outclasses any other. 

Ross took it that at least 3000’ 
foot seconds velocity was necessary 
for military purposes — a point blank 
danger space nearly to the limit of 
a soldier’s ability to discern a single 
man over his sights. He concluded 
that with the steadily decreasing 
weight of our rifles, a fixed limit 
of recoil could not be exceeded. 

Calculations showed that a bullet 
of 150 grains at 3000 foot seconds- 




Some Game Shooting Bullets of Modern Guns 
o right, two 190 gr. New Springfield soft points; three Ross copper tube SpUzere, fired 
from .303 with but 2000 ft. seconds velocity: three .2 
point bullets, nil fired Into wood 



r. Krog soft 



reached this limit, even with the present weight of rifles. Other calcula 
tions and experiments demonstrated that the weight of a satisfactory 
Spitzer bullet— excluding the boat-tailed type— must be so proportioned 
to its caliber that its sectional density will fall between 2325 and 2795 
grains per square inch. The .256 bullet has been demonstrated to be out- 
side the pale of effective military projectiles, through its small diameter 
and its consequent lack of shocking effect. It is well enough to wound a 
man and thereby give his army the trouble of caring for him, but it is 
also desirable to at least make him cognizant of the wound, instead of 
leaving it to be discovered a few days later by the hole in his clothes. 

The .30 caliber, on the other hand, drops outside the charmed circle 
of sectional density figures, giving but 2000 grains per square inch with 



the fixed weight of 150 grains. In other words, it is too light in com- 
parison with its diameter, or figuring it the other way as Ross has done, 
its diameter is too great for the accepted weight. 

Between lack of sectional density on the one hand and lack ot Killing 
power on the other, attended in the latter case also by problems in inter- 
nal ballistics, owing to the high pressure the 150-grain bullet would de- 
velop the 7 mm. was fixed upon as the mean between the two evils. 

Then and not until then was the actual experimental work begun that 
resulted in the .280 case. Military cartridges of the future will closely 

approach the .280 if they possess the same advantages. 

The fact that the Canadian military authorities are having the Militia 
equipped with the stronger .280 action instead of the older and weaker 
one, intended for the .303 cartridge, shows plainly that they see the com- 
ing of the new cartridge into the hands of English and Colonial 
troops. Once more Canada will be years ahead of the mother country 
when the rearmament comes. Ross has had his hands tied as far as the 
production of a perfect weapon for the Canadian Militia is concerned. 
Although the Canadian rifle has given satisfaction, yet the authorities 
overruled the ideas of Ross and drew up specifications on the lines ot 

the came-over-in-the-ark English War Office rifles. 

His business was to make rifles according to specifications and he did 
so, but not without wails and gnashings of teeth at the blunders of some 
of those responsible. A new rifle, just ordered for the Militia, is again 
full of these blunders as far as barrel, lead, chamber and external shape 
are concerned. But the powers that be have said it and so it must be 

It is but fair to charge these blunders to those responsible, among them 
not being Sir Charles Ross, whom the writer regards as being the 
world’s foremost authority on the subject. of rifles and ammunition. It 
is enough to compare his rifles in detail with the best productions of our 
American armorers, and his .280 cartridge with the next best cartridge 
in existence, to be convinced of the sound basis for this belief. .... 

Comparing the .280 cartridge and the 1906, note that the Ross bullet 
would be 130 grains weight to be of the same density as the Springfield 
and that Ross gets 3350 foot seconds with a bullet of this heft. 1 he 
Springfield bullet would weigh 173 grains to equal the Ross 150— but we 
are not getting any 3150 foot seconds with 173. grain bullet, nor will we, 
with our present cartridge. For target work, riflemen shooting the Ross 
use a bullet of 180 grains at 2800 foot seconds. The Springfield would 
have to weigh 208 grains to fly neck and neck with this bullet. Wind 
jamming with such a bullet is rather simplified. 

Tones the crack English rifleman who won the long range champion- 
ship of England with the Ross in 1908, has sent the writer a table show- 
ing the effects of wind on the .280 Ross bullet, 150 grains at 2000 foot 
seconds. This is, of course, much less effective than the later velocity 
of 3150 foot seconds for the same bullet. The table follows: 



Ten mile wind, blowing across plane of fire deflects bullet- 



At 200 yards, 3 inches 
At 500 “ 19 | 



At 800 yards, 52 inches 
At 1000 “ 87 " 



The 1906 bullet under the same conditions is deflected— 



At 200 yards, 4 inches 
At 500 “ 25 " 



At 800 yards, 72 inches 
At 1000 “ 110 “ 



Deviation of Springfield through wind, 24 per cent, greater than Ross. 

Also note that over 1,000 yards of flight, the Ross bullet has to rise but 
8T4 feet to strike the object aimed at, while the Springfield bullet has to 
rise 14 feet. In a battle between forces of approximately equal strength 
and with skill about equal, the force armed with the_.280 rifle would win 
hands down against a force armed with 1906 Springfield, merely through 
the far greater percentage of hits the .280 cartridge would give. 

A trajectory 40 per cent flatter than our Service cartridge, over battle 
ranges, would give the troops so favored a considerable handicap over 

^SbTa^the cartridge has been considered merely from the military 
standpoint, but for the game shooting brother it is well to point outrthat 
the Ross bullet rises but 10 inches over 400 yards— Spnngheld l 14— but 
IS inches high half way to 500 yards— Springfield 24— and but 27 inches 
high on the way to 600 yards— Springfield 39. At the shorter ranges 
the Ross rises 2 inches half way to 200 yards. 

With the bill of fare of a 140-grain copper tube bullet, a 140-grain 
hollow nose ; one of 160 grains of same form ; a 150-grain affair solid 
Spitzer, for target, and another of 180 grains for the same work, to- 
gether with the 130-grain at 3350 foot seconds, the Ross owner does not 
have to feel himself tied down to any one article of diet for his pet 

Ross rifles for sporting purposes in the .280 type are perfect m work- 
manship, fitting and finish, but the Ross Company don 
stock a rifle. The work is well done, the wood is choice and the details 
correct— but they send them out with a grip 5*4 inches around, and so 
long to the point of the grip that it is worth nothing as a support to the 
hand. Compared with Wundhammer’s grip of 43/^ mches circumfer- 
ence and but 4 inches from trigger to point of grip, the Ros . s fi s ^ c ^ suf " 
fers considerably. This is merely a matter of careful specifications on 
the part of the purchaser to overcome. 

With the cartridge the finest the world can show and the rifle cer- 
tainly up to any other arm on earth in its details, it is only fair t0 con- 
clude that the owner of a Ross .280 rifle has an arm that present day 
armorers cannot equal, all things considered. f .. ij>. 

After a considerable acquaintance with various fypes of ^ the world s 
best rifles, the writer would decline with thanks anv off ns cy { a swap, 
regardless of the cost of the other H He,— Arms And The Man. 




FOUR INCH BULL 
TWO INCH CENTER 
RANGE 100 YARDS 



MEAN VERTICAL .478" 
MEAN HORIZONTAL .962" 
MEAN RADIUS .440" 



THE ROSS RIFLE COMPANY, Quebec, Canada 



Agents for the United States 

POST & FLOTO, 14 Reade Street, New York City 



Cable Address: Balnagown, Quebec 

Codes, Bedford McNeil Mining & General, A. B. C. Fifth Edition, Western Union 




Ross Straight Pull Bolt Drawn Back to Show Construction 



Look 



Over 



the 



Ross 



A FEW SIGNIFICANT WORDS BY WAY OF INTRODUCTION 

YOUR RIFLE DECIDES IT 

U UNTING trips cost time and money and cannot always be had every year. It is poor economy to ruin a thirty-day, thousand-mile, five- 
hundred-dollar expedition through the inadequacy of your rifle. Naturally you would prefer a happy ride home with a splendid trophy 

up in the baggage car to a dismal journey with only blasted hopes for company. Upon your rifle depends the happiness and success of your 

hunting trip. 

If you are shooting on the range the best is none too good for you. To be the winner of the big match by a straight string of bullseyes 
grouped close around the center of the black or the ‘also-ran” through one wild four, the fault of a carelessly made or incorrectly modeled weapon, 
is just a matter of choosing your rifle. 

HOW DO YOU CHOOSE A RIFLE ? 

You want the best rifle within reach of your purse. Your judgment will tell you to decide which is best upon the sound basis of facts. This 
booklet is intended to present to you the facts about the Ross Straight Pull Rifle. These facts are of sufficient importance to justify us in presenting 

them at such length as shall make them clear to you as facts. Their significance is great enough to warrant a careful scrutiny and consideration of 

them by you. 

COMPARE A ROSS WITH ANY OTHER RIFLE 

If you will compare the Ross with any other rifle you have in mind; will examine the two from the standpoint of smoothness of manipulation, 
strength, and speed of action; of simplicity of parts, ease of dismounting and sureness of cartridge handling, besides the comparative accuracy and 
effect on game, you can reach but one conclusion — that the Ross is actually the best rifle in the world. 

This is an easy claim to make, and one which might be much harder to prove than to disprove. We accept what may seem the harder task 
and in the following pages we do prove to you that the Ross is stronger, faster, surer of operation, easier of manipulation, and in the .280 calibre 
more accurate and flatter in trajectory than any other rifle. 

ROSS RECORDS ARE GOOD ONES 

The figures of the Ross .280 trajectory, the target range record of the Ross and the reports of the men who have used it on game from Alaska 
to Africa, are all matters of authenticated record. Compare them with those of any other rifle. 

OBSERVE HOW SMALL THE RISE AND FALL OF A ROSS BULLET 

One instance only of Ross superiority before we proceed: The Ross .280 bullet has to rise but three and a half inches over your line of sight to 

strike center at three hundred yards. The .30-40 and .30-30 bullets have to climb fourteen inches to reach the three hundred yard mark. 

Unless your judgment of distance is infallible, the difference between the Ross and the poorer gun may make the difference between the 
happy and the dismal trip. 



Ross 

Rifles 



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s: 



Ross 

Rifles 



SOME ROSS FACTS 



A RIFLE STRONG AGAINST ALL STRAINS 

21 C °TZ?.2 S ZfZZu own ^TV^’Zt Zl TtesZ t. bear ^ to con- 
siderably above the pressures which can he developed by the cartridge intended for use in it. 

THIS REPRESENTATION OF A NAVAL GUN AND THE ROSS BOLT HEAD WILL SPEAK TO YOH 

In the following illustrations we show the construction 1 ^ nd^e'difto^P^Sctly plain. You will observe that they 
“feTe^Z— in £ stronger than any other repeating ride. 



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the 

Ross 





Ross Bolt Head and Breech of Big Gun 



FIRED AT TOP SPEED THE BULLETS ALMOST NOSE EACH OTHER OUT OF THE BARREL 

making a group five inches across, at forty-five feet. 



This is greater rapidity than would ever be required of a rifle in actual use, because no aim can be taken between the shots and only instinct 
tells the firer that the piece is pointed in the right direction. Yet it shows what the rifle can do; that it is sure of operation is indicated by the fact 
that this firing can be done. No rifle which did not function surely would deliver five shots from high power cartridges in this short space of time. 
The properly certified records of the firing referred to are in our possession and can be exhibited to anyone who desires to see them. 



Ross 

Rifles 



FOE EASE OF OPEEATION THE BOSS IS UNEQUALLED 

The Ross is the easiest action of any to operate. To function, the Ross requires only a short snappy motion of the hand from the wrist. The 
strain of opening the rifle and compressing the mainspring is all taken against the shoulder, where it is not noticed. 

So smooth and easy moving is the Ross action that the rifle is not disturbed in its position against the shoulder by operating the bolt. The 
speed trials prove that, if nothing else, but you can instantly convince yourself of it by trying. Oddly enough the rifle works better when being 
actually fired with loaded ammunition than when manipulated empty. 





Target made at 600 yards. Square represents six inches. 
Mean vertical, 1.97 ; mean horizontal, 2.376 ; 
mean radius, 1.476 



Target made at 1,000 yards. White lines mark six inch squares. 
Mean vertical, 7.20 ; mean horizontal, 6.19 ; 
mean radius, 6.16 



A EIFLE ACCUEATE ALMOST BEYOND BELIEF 

The perfectly constructed barrel, stopped at the rear by a bolt which is invincible, permits us to attain a muzzle velocity in our rifle which 
affords a flat trajectory and a consequent minimizing of error through mistakes in judging distances. The accuracy charts here shown are guaranteed 
to be correct in every particular. Compare the results which they contain with those obtained from any other rifle. 



Look 

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the 

Ross 





FEET 



TRAJECTORY CHART 




LOOK AT THE CHART ON THE OPPOSITE PAGE 

You practice no “Auntie-over” style of firing with the Ross. Within reasonable ranges you point your rifle at what you want and get it. 

The best way we can demonstrate that to you is to show you by a trajectory chart the way the bullets from our .280, the United States Govern- 

ment New Springfield, and the .303 British travel from the muzzle to their destination. 

Observe it closely and see for yourself how much advantage accrues to the man who, becoming acquainted with the truth, selects a rifle 

of the greatest general accuracy. The Ross .280 at 500 yards makes average ten-shot groups well within a six-inch circle. Try to equal or beat 

this at 200 yards with the ordinary sporting rifle. 



YOU WANT TO KILL YOUR GAME WHERE IT STANDS 

No man desires to send wounded animals away to suffer and perhaps to die far out of his reach, therefore he wishes a game shooting rifle 
so powerful that there is little chance of any animal escaping after a fair hit. Muzzle energy is not the proper basis of comparison between game 
shooting rifles. The shock delivered on the animal is the true gauge of game killing efficiency on the part of a rifle. Ross rifles when used with 
our own bullets easily excel in their capacity to dispose of any soft skinned animal, at which they may be fired. We have many letters and records 
which substantiate this statement. 

A RIFLE SHOULD BE CLEANABLE QUICKLY AND FROM THE BREECH 

The bolt of a Ross rifle can be removed in two seconds, leaving the breech end of the barrel open to your cleaning rod and the entire mechan- 
ism accessible for any attention you may wish to give it. 

THE ROSS RIFLE LOOKS LIKE, ACTS LIKE, AND IS, A THOROUGHBRED 

You have to see and handle a Ross to appreciate its fine points, and our trigger-pulls are absolutely clean and light. No doctoring the 
action is necessary after you get your Ross. The workmanship is in every particular equal to that on any, and better than that on most, sporting 
or target rifles. In every way its appearance makes it a rifle to be proud of. No projecting under lever, no heavy bolt handle, no marred turn- 
bolt; lines and finish superb. 

Every Ross sporting rifle of whatever type is rigidly inspected and tested by firing by us, but that does not end it. Every Ross Sporting 
Rifle is inspected and tested by the Canadian Government before it goes to the purchaser. The Government proof stamp on each rifle shows this. 



ROSS RIFLES DO NOT FAIL THEIR FRIENDS 

Although its name is not yet a household word in the United States the Ross cannot be called an unknown or unproven rifle. Its sports- 
men users the whole world round have found it reliable, staunch and true. 

In its military form it is the regulation arm of the Canadian Regular and Volunteer forces. Ross rifles were used by the Champion Mili- 
tary Rifle Team of the British Empire in 1909, 1910 and 1911. (The Canadians, winners of the McKinnon Cup Team Match in those years.) 



Ross 

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zJ ir 

Ross 

Rifles 


The Eoss is the rifle that twice in four years won the Long Range Individual Championship of England in keenest competitions where 
other makes of rifles in the hands of expert shots outnumbered it many times. 

The Ross was the first rifle made in the British Empire to beat the Continental made rifles in British open matches. The Ross was the 
first rifle in the history of Great Britain to win in a single Bisley meeting those two highly coveted prizes, the King’s Match and the Prmce of 
Wales Match. This the Ross did in 1911, and both of these magnificent victories were secured by one man armed with a Service Ross. He shot 
against a large field of high class shots, most of whom were shooting other makes of rifles. 




BROUGHT RIGHT UP TO DATE 




OUR LATEST MODEL ROSS 




ALL our experience and every fraction of our best endeavor up to the minute is embodied in what we call our ‘‘Ross Model of 1910 Action.” As 
this action will be used in every rifle shown in this catalogue except the .22 calibre, you should be told something about it. Using it we have a 
stronger, faster, more reliable and more easily operated Ross rifle than ever before produced. The best points of the various designs of the Ross action, 
tried out by nearly ten years use in the hands of troops and by thousands of sportsmen, and the requirements of the next ten years of cartridge im- 
provement, were kept in mind when the design was worked out. 

The official rifle of the Canadian Army, made up particularly to handle the pressure of any cartridge that may be developed within the next decade. 

An arm with the best points of the splendid .280 Ross action and the minor defects eliminated. Designed from the ground up with the ex- 
pense of new tools and new rifles not considered for a moment. 

A rifle designed, not merely to handle the present cartridges, but looking ahead for years, to the time when perhaps 4000 ft. secs, velocity, 
steel cartridge cases, and far higher pressures will be the characteristics of military cartridges. 






Look 




Over 


ROSS .280 M/lO SPORTING RIFLE 


the 

Ross 


WEIGHT, about 7 lbs., 8 oz. REAR SIGHT, Single fixed. CARTRIDGE, Ross .280 expanding bullet 

LENGTH of barrel, 26 or 28 inches. STOCK, Selected Italian Walnut. 145 gr. Copper-tube. 

FORESIGHT, Ross silver bead. CAPACITY of magazine, 4 Cartridges. PRICE, $55.00. 



* THE ROSS HAS BEEN TRIED AND NOT FOUND WANTING 


Ross 


A rifle that has passed the critical inspection of an army board and declared to be superior to the old and reliable forms of the Ross rifle, is 

not likely to balk, to blow up or otherwise give the sportsmen excuse for curses when far from repair shops. 

The essential points of the old .280 locking device have been retained, but with an increase in strength over the strong former .280 bolt. 

The extractor has been redesigned and we guarantee it to be the strongest reliable form used on any repeating or magazine rifle. 

The receiver has been changed in shape, a bridge being added to allow a peep sight close to the eye if specially required. 

The bolt has been made easier working even than the old lightning- fast .280 bolt. 

The extractor is made to pick up the shell as it comes out of the magazine, giving complete control of the cartridge at all times. A false clos- 
ing motion of the rifle and then a withdrawal of the bolt merely carries the cartridge back and forth along with it. “Double loading” and jams of 

other sorts are nearly impossible with this action. 

The magazine on the Ross .280 is of the double column type and the entire cartridge feeding mechanism is detachable at the touch of a 
spring catch in the floor plate. 


Rifles 


WE HAVE MADE THE ROSS A RIFLE OF THE PRESENT AND THE FUTURE FROM THE LESSONS OF THE PAST 




Tbe friction surfaces of the bolt and receiver have been made as open as possible. Military experience has shown that it is impossible to 
keep grit out of a rifle under certain conditions and that the best plan is to allow the grit to work its way out or to make it as easily removable by 

the hands alone as possible. , , . , , 

The New Springfield design of bolt stop and bolt release has been added to the rifle, but in improved and simpler form. 

The action, while being enormously strong, has been lightened and our sporting arms can be made to weigh 7 lbs. with all parts in due pro- 
portion and with no hollows carved out of our stocks. . . M ... 

An examination of the Ross Model of 1910 action, used on all the sporting and match rifles shown m this catalogue, except the .22 caliber, 
will demonstrate that it is as we claim— the strongest and fastest action in the world and one with all the simplicity and reliability of the best types 
of bolt action rifles. 




ROSS BARRELS ARE BUILDED BETTER THAN YOU KNOW 




YOU SAY THE ROSS IS ACCURATE: WE ADMIT IT 




DOSS accuracy has come to be a standard among riflemen by which other arms are judged. Of all the features that have contributed to putting 
K Eifl. at the head of the world’s procession of rifled arms, the shooting of our rifle has been the most important one. .... 

The hair-splitting accuracy of Ross Rifles is not the result of an accident, not the unexpected stumbling upon any miraculous new principle in 

rifle makflUT fS°y^ of concentrated, intelligent experimenting with a very complete testing Mntj for a willingness 

on our part to work out the problem of accuracy from the ground up regardless of accepted theories; for the expenditure of probably more money 

in ong and ammunition, it is due rather to a combination of the details which by 

long experiment have been found to produce the best results. 


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Ross 

Rifles 



ROSS BAEEEL CONSTRUCTION LACKS NOTHING 



The exterior shape of the barrel by which its whip or movement is controlled; the shape and length of the lead; the shape of the muzzle; the 
freedom of the barrel from slots; the way it is attached to the stock; the method of rifling the barrel; its smoothness — all these details, go to the 
obtaining of accuracy in a rifle barrel. Any one of them wrong may destroy the ability of the barrel to shoot straight. 

Whether or not we have mastered the problem, let our wonderful range record say. 



to the liability of steel containing it to flaws that cannot be discovered until too late. 

Our rifling methods are especially intended to permit the production of barrels that cannot be beaten. We can safely say that no factory 
gives such careful attention to the turning out of perfect barrels. 



We have been repeatedly charged with lapping out our .280 barrels after they were rifled, so high is their finish as compared with other 
arms. The appearance of the barrels in question bears out the suspicion, but the wonderful smoothness and perfect rifling of the tubes are due merely 
to our careful process of manufacture. No barrels are lapped; we refuse to rifle a barrel to a measurement of a fraction of a thousandth of an 
inch, and then to scrape out an unknown amount of steel by the use of the emery and lead plug. 

Ross barrels are not slotted for the reception of sights or forestock fasteners. It is impossible to obtain accuracy with barrels having slots cut 
in them nearly to the bore itself. 

By our process of manufacture no stresses are set up in the barrels and the minimum of tapping is necessary to put them in perfectly straight 
condition. 

The muzzles of Ross Rifle barrels are left flat, being ground off perfectly true and leaving the lands running up sharp and full size to the very 
end of the barrel. Machine rest tests have shown the superior accuracy of this method of finishing Ross muzzles. 

On a sporting rifle a trifle more care must be taken to protect the muzzle from chance blows, but if the muzzle does come into violent collision 
with something hard, it will probably be damaged regardless of whether it is of the Ross shape or the ordinary counterbored style. 



All Ross Rifle barrels made by our factory are accurate. Don’t labor under the delusion that the barrels that made our great records were 
picked ones and not a fair example of the general output of our factory. These barrels were run through the machines and finished before any of them 
were selected for match shooting and in most of the cases the rifles used in the matches had not been made up for that particular purpose 



The steel used in Ross Rifle barrels is of the same specification as that used on the United States New Springfield. Nickel is not used, owing 



IT IS NOT NECESSARY TO LAP ROSS BARRELS 



THE EXCELLENCE OF EOSS BARRELS FURNISHES US A JUST CAUSE FOR PRIDE 



the 

Ross 



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Ross 

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ROSS STOCKS HAVE KEPT PACE WITH OTHER IMPROVEMENTS 

THE STOCK IS AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE RIFLE 



|N the appearance of a rifle, as well as in its handling, the stock is the most important feature. A stock hideous in lines or finish can make the finest 
1 shooting rifle unattractive to the average man. A stock that is poorly proportioned will usually prejudice the prospective purchaser against a rifle 
in spite of the many virtues of the arm. A sportsman “takes to” a rifle that swings up like a shotgun and fits him as if made for him. 

Probably no machine-made rifle in existence has had the careful attention paid to its stock that the wooden portion of the new Boss Rifle has 
received. 

Earlier models of the Boss, fitted with rather heavy English stocks, did not always suit American sportsmen. Some of them said so with the 
emphasis peculiar to the cranks of that family. 

Therefore the Ross Company had one of the popular builders of American sporting arms of the hand-made sort turn out two different sample 
stocks along the lines he had found most popular among American riflemen. The Company also sought criticism from other American rifle lovers. 

From the opinions gathered and from the two sample stocks the stocks used on the new model Ross Rifle were worked out. We offer them 
feeling confident that they outclass any rifle stock made for beauty of line, quality of wood and correctness of detail. 

ROSS STOCKS ARE FINISHED FOR SERVICE AS WELL AS APPEARANCE 

We do not believe in dipping the stock of a fine rifle in varnish and calling it a job. A well buffed piece of fine walnut, soaked m an oil bath, 
preserves all the beauty of the wood and improves in appearance with age and hand rubbing, while a varnished stock grows more homely and more 
marred looking from the day it leaves the makers’ hands. 



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Ross 



Ross 

Rifles 



The present Ross stocks are built with a very short, full pistol grip, supporting the hand close to the trigger, and giving a feeling of the utmost 
security in handling the arm. A slight cast-off is used to bring the sights in front of the eye without effort. Pitch a Ross Rifle to your shoulder and 
try the fit of the stock. 

The proportion of the grip, the comb and the butt are carefully vrorked out to suit the average man as nearly as possible. Shotgun shaped 

butt plates of graceful form are used, while the grip is full and capped over the end. 

The walnut is all of the best selected European stock, not steamed or otherwise treated to make the wood easier to work or to hasten the dry- 
ing. Some of the wood used is as handsome in figure as that put in the best shotgun stocks and all the walnut is tough and nearly unbreakable. 

Standard stocks are furnished with steel butt plates and are without cheek piece. Cheek piece furnished without extra charge. 



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COUNTING THE COST 

QUALITY, NOT COST, COUNTS WITH US 

OOSS Rifles will not appeal to the man who believes that regardless of the merits of two arms the cheaper one is always the better. 

The cost of the Ross represents the amount necessary to obtain for a rifle in which our standard of workmanship is present. With a perfect 
system for turning out machine-made rifles, with one standard action for all of our high power arms whether for the Canadian Army or for the sports- 
man, the Ross factory is equipped and in position to turn out rifles as perfectly and as cheaply as any plant in the world. 

At the same time the Ross standard of quality does not permit the manufacture of the cheapest arms that it is possible to make. Ross rifles 
are made right, finished right, and are ready to take into the field without further attention, — just as they leave the factory. 




ROSS MODEL E-10 SPORTING RIFLE 



WEIGHT, about 7 lbs., 4 oz. 

LENGTH of barrel, 22, 24, or 26 inches. 
FORESIGHT, Ross Bead. 



REAR SIGHT, English Standard and CARTRIDGE, .303 British. 

Two-Leaf. PRICE, $35.00. 

STOCK, Selected Italian Walnut. 



& 



EVERYTHING THAT WILL MAKE A ROSS BETTER IS DONE 

All friction parts are polished, adjustment of the working parts is not excelled by any factory in the world, the pull is perfect and the rifle is 
fit to show to your most critical rifle-crank friend. The stocks are made of imported European walnut, oil-finished and hand checked. 

The Ross is a rifle made ready for you to use, regardless of how finicky you are about your guns. 

Yet the price is within reach of everyone. The Ross costs less than the widely advertised English repeating rifles made up of stock Mauser 
actions, using destructive powder and having inferior ballistics. 

The Ross is not made to compete with the cheapest guns possible to make. It is made to compete with the BEST ones possible to make. 

You must acknowledge that a long-planned-for hunting trip converted into a disappointment through the failure of a fifteen dollar gun is 
a poor investment. 

ROSS AMMUNITION AND BALLISTICS 



OSS rifles are made for the Ross .280 cartridge, the superlative merits of which are now universally recognized. The .303 of the British Service 
type is retained simply because the British Government has not yet departed from that model of cartridge. In detail these cartridges may be 



described as follows: 

THE ROSS .280 

The Ross .280 with 146 grain copper tube collapsing bullet for game, the most deadly game cartridge ever known, outside of 
those used in large bore elephant rifles. The Ross .280 with match bullet, especially adapted to long range target shooting, un- 
doubtedly the most accurate cartridge yet designed. 

THE ROSS .303 

The Ross .303 British caliber cartridge, using the old 215 grain blunt point, full or half metal patched. Velocity, 2,000 ft. 
secs. Also the new British Mark VII cartridge, using 174 grain pointed bullet, velocity 2,400 ft. secs. The Ross .303 Match car- 
tridge, with 200 grain pointed bullet, velocity 2,400 ft. secs. 

Aid Your Aim With Ross Ammunition. 



THE WONDERFUL ROSS .280 CARTRIDGE 

DETAILS OF THE ROSS .280 

rpniS cartridge is so plainly superior to any other now in use that it deserves and must receive special recognition in a chapter 
exclusively devoted to its qualities and performances. 

There are a number of good cartridges on the market but there is only one Ross .280. 

So far does this cartridge stand above all others at present made that we can say without fear of any contradiction that it is 
the finest cartridge yet devised. 







i 




1 

L 









Ross 

Copper Tube 
Bullet 

Deadly as 
Dynamite 



Ross 

Rifles 



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Ross 



ftoss It is the most accurate ever made — but it is not the best merely on account of its superior accuracy. 

It has the flattest trajectory of any cartridge — but this is not the only reason why it is the best cartridge made. 

RifleS In its match form it is about half as sensitive to wind as any American cartridge made up to the spring of 1912 but we ve still other rea- 

sons for our claim of absolute superiority. 

With the Copper Tube Bullet, designed and patented by this Company, the .280 is the most effective game shooting cartridge ever used. This 
has been demonstrated from America to Australia, and on game ranging from goats to elephants. 

The cartridge is less destructive to the rifle than any cartridge of anywhere near its power. 

It is only after we add up all these details of superiority and look at the result that we make our claim. 

The Ross .280 is superior in accuracy, in trajectory, in “wind-jamming,” in killing effect, in freedom from erosive effects, and in strength of 
case; therefore the best cartridge. 



LET’S TEAR THE ROSS .280 CARTRIDGE APART 



Go into the details of the .280 cartridge and see how closely they come to your ideal for a game shooting or target rifle. 

First, there is the velocity of 3,100 ft. secs, in the game shooting cartridge. Second, the point is sharper than any used at present, technically 
known as a nine caliber radius. Third, the bullet is so heavy in proportion to its diameter that it retains at all distances a far larger proportion of 
its original speed than any other bullet except our match bullet. 

These three things, not any one of them, go to make up the wonderfully flat trajectory of the Ross .280 bullet. When you read or are told 
of the velocity of such and such a cartridge, don’t jump at the conclusion that it would be entirely satisfactory, even over game ranges. See what 
the point is like and how the weight compares with the weight of the Ross .280 for its caliber. 



CHARTofVELOCITIES from MUZZLE to 500 YARDS 




YARDS 

RANEE 

500 

400 

300 

200 

100 



OTHERS HAVE NOTIONS BUT NOT THE ROSS .280 

Since the advent of the Ross .280 four years ago, high speed cartridges in a veritable flood have come rushing over the rifle horizon. Some of 
them gave the velocity claimed, some of them didn’t come within 200 feet a second of doing it. All of them that anywhere near approximated 
Ross velocity, did so by means of a bullet ridiculously light, or by means of nitro-glycerine powder, sometimes by both. In one case the bullet 
would fall off like a feather, in the other the terrific erosive effect of the powder used would ruin the rifle very shortly. 

We have no monopoly on velocity, have no secret discovery in German powders, nothing that the other makers cannot get except — and mark 
this — a case that will hold enough pyro-cellulose powder to give the velocities we require, and a rifle that will stand the heavy backthrust of this 
big case. It is simple enough to imitate the Ross .280 case; it is being imitated steadily. It is another thing to get a repeating rifle to stand the 
backward push of the big shell driven by a large charge of pyro-powder. This is why the Ross .280 stands alone and bids fair to continue its 
lonesome state for some years to come. 

Remember, velocity with powder that will not destroy the barrel and with a bullet the correct weight to hold its proper proportion of 
speed, depends merely upon the powder that is put behind it. Enough powder, enough velocity. 

Therefore, if you find a veritable Ross .280 cartridge developed out of an old 8 or 7 or 6.5 mm. case, look for the Ethiopian in the wood 
pile. His name will be nitro-glycerine powder, deficient weight of bullet, or just plain prevaricator. 

ROSS .280 ALONGSIDE OF THESE IS INTERESTING 

Here’s a little table for you, showing the weight of the various bullets to correspond with the proportionate weight of the Ross .280. If any 
of these give Ross velocity with pyro powder and have the Ross point, then they will fly through the same flat trajectory as the Ross .280 and 
will be the equal of the Ross IN THIS ONE RESPECT. If they fall short in weight or have blunt points as compared with the Ross, then they 
fall below Ross standard of trajectory, the amount of said fall depending on how far below the bullet is in weight and shape of Ross weight, 
146 grains for game. 

CORRESPONDING BULLETS MUST WEIGH 

8-mm. 213 grains 

7 -mm. 146 grains 

6.5-mm. 135 grains 

.30 cal. 200 grains 

With a bullet corresponding to a weight of 150 grains in the 8 m.m. rifle the Ross develops experimentally 3,600 ft. secs, with its present 
working pressure. With this weight of bullet in the .30 calibre the Ross develops experimentally 3,440 ft. secs., and keeps its own weight 
proportionate. With a bullet of 135 grains, furnished by some makers for 7 m.m. rifles, the same caliber as the Ross .280, the Ross gets 3,230 ft. secs. 



OUR OWN AMMUNITION IS ALL WE GUARANTEE 

And, while on the subject, we desire to say that we guarantee Ross rifles for accuracy and life of barrel and general satisfaction only with 
ammunition loaded by us or bearing our endorsement. We are compelled to take this step by the number of poor imitations of the Ross cartridge 
now for sale, loaded with nitro-glycerine powders and light, inferior bullets. You use these at your own risk. Ross ammunition for the .280 rifle 
is labeled “Ross .280,” and costs $7.50 per hundred. 



Ross 

Rifles 



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Ross 

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THE ROSS .280 FLAT TRAJECTORY IS STARTLING 

The high velocity of the Ross .280, its sharp point and its weight give it the flattest trajectory of any cartridge made. You may not 
appreciate the full importance of this. The man who has travelled a thousand miles for a shot and then put the bullet over the back or under the 
belly of the quarry because he misjudged the distance, can tell you with the proper emphasis, just how important a “flat shooting rifle is to you. 

The flat trajectory of a rifle — the flat path followed by the bullet — depends merely upon the amount of time required by the bullet to reach 
its mark. The less time required the less chance gravity has to drag it down and the less the muzzle has to be elevated to overcome this effect. 
All bullets, as you know, have to rise a bit above the straight line from your rifle to the mark, merely because of this dragging effect of gravity. 



WONDER HOW THE ROSS .280 COMPARES WITH THESE 



Let’s make some comparisons, they will help us understand: 

The well known .30-40 bullet, or its twin, the .303 British, at 300 yards has to rise about FOURTEEN INCHES higher than the line 
from your sights to the mark because it travels slowly and has to rise high to keep from being dragged down below the mark. 

The Ross .280. on the other hand, gets there in the wink of an eye, gravity hardly gets one fair clutch at the bullet, and it has to rise but 
THREE AND A HALF INCHES as compared with fourteen inches for the .30-40. 

Let us see how this works out in real life, apart from white paper and printer’s ink. 

A buck, for which you have travelled many miles by train and seemingly more miles on foot, stands across a canyon, unconscious of your 
presence. You need that buck, he’s the only one you’ve seen and tomorrow you go home. 

He looks small, about half again as large as a Norway rat. At first glance you settle on 500 yards as a reasonable estimate. Then you 
revise on the low side, stopping with 300 yards as about the proper distance. You set your sights for 300 yards, sit down, breathe a moment, put 
the sights on the buck and press the trigger. 

A spurt of dust above and beyond him tells you all the story; that fine deer which should have been yours vanishes like a ghost. You 
return campwards, with Old Man Gloom perched upon your shoulder and bent on keeping you company all the way home and beyond. 



THAT BUCK WAS CLOSER THAN YOU THOUGHT 

The buck really stood less than 200 yards away and the old .30-40 drove the bullet just over his back. The 
bullet was nearly fourteen inches higher than your point of aim when it got to the deer. 

The Ross .280 would have slammed the buck against the side of the hill, in spite of your eri'or in judgment. 
The Ross .280 bullet would have struck the buck, at the most, three and a half inches above the point where the 
front bead of your rifle was sighted against his broad body. 

This is the way a flat trajectory works out in hunting. And while many deer are shot under 100 yards, there 
are also many chances for a record where the range is 300 or more. The man who can infallibly judge distance 
over 200 yards has not yet appeared. 

The Ross .280, in comparison with cartridges of the .30-30 and .30-40 class, shoots just as flat over about 400 
yards as the other cartridges do over 200. 

THE ROSS .280 TRAJECTORY OVER GAME RANGES 

200 yards 1 inch 

300 yards 3.5 inches 

400 yards 8.0 inches 

500 yards 14.0 inches 




Within the Width of Your Hand 




ROSS .280 FALLS LITTLE, THEREFORE HAS TO RISE LITTLE 

Hold out your hand, palm toward you, fingers closed. The distance ACROSS the roots of your fingers is the height of the Ross .280 bullet 
above the line of sight when shooting at a mark 300 yards away — three and a half inches. 

Now stand in front of a mirror for a moment. The distance ACROSS your chest about the armpits is the height of bullets of the .30-30, 
.30-40, .33 and .35 auto-loader class when shooting into a mark 300 yards away — 14 to 17 inches. 

AND ABOUT THE DISTANCE FROM BACK TO BELLY OF A SMALL DEER 

It’s the difference between hitting and missing if your judgment of distance is not a trained one. 

The point-blank range of a rifle is a flexible term and depends for its value on the height you are willing to allow your bullet to rise on 
its way over this point-blank range. Technically, there’s no such thing. Practically, it means the shortest range for which your rifle should be 
sighted. 

If you are a soldier and don’t want your Ross .280 bullet to travel higher at any point than a man on horseback, then sight it for 1,000 
yards. This is one sort of point blank. 

If you are a game shot and don’t want your bullet to rise or fall out of a 3% inch bullseye at point blank, then sight your Ross .280 
for 300 yards. For all round shooting in open or mountainous country, probably a four to five inch mid-range height will be found satisfactory, 
which means on the Ross .280, a range of around 400 yards, over which the bullet does not climb out of the five inch limit. 



Ross 

Rifles 



MIGHT MEASURE ELEVATIONS ON YOUR FRONT SIGHT 

Changes of elevation on Ross .280 rifles over game ranges are microscopical. Do you realize that the changes in elevation for the Ross .280 
from 100 to 500 yards can be contained in the small, ONE-SIXTEENTH INCH Sheard or ivory front sight bead? 

At the lowest position in the notch the bullet will strike where the bead touches at 300 yards and practically all distances below that. The 
changes in the relation between the front and the rear sight, or the distance to be allowed for on account of the space between the object to be hit and 
yourself are so small as to be beyond computation. 

With the bead pulled a trifle higher, it puts the bullet to the mark at 400 and with the bead pulled clear into sight, the bullet goes to 
center at 500 yards. 

Yet this is all done with the one-sixteenth inch front sight ivory or gold bead, familiar to every user of a hunting rifle. Try your own 
rifle and realize how slight these changes really are. 

You can sight your Ross .280 to strike into a bear’s eye at any range where you can see closely enough to hit him, and yet when you want 
to shoot 400 yards, you only pull your entire bead into view. But practically these changes are not necessary, because the Ross .280 shoots at 
these ranges closer than most men can see or hold. If you feel you must make an allowance use your normal sight and hold a little higher or lower. 



THE PENETRATION OF THE ROSS .280 DOES NOT DISAPPOINT 

The Ross .280, with solid, sharp point bullet, drives 80 inches through the best white Canadian pine. Through the regular grade of 
machine steel we use in our rifles, the bullet tears from % to % inch. Compare by shooting with the penetration of guns that are advertised to 
shoot through steel. 

With the copper tube bullet, the penetration in wood is comparatively slight, under 12 inches. This means that the bullet so thoroughly 
breaks up that its full energy is delivered in the body of almost any animal from deer up. 



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Ross 

Rifles 



ENERGY CONVERTED INTO SHOCK IS ROSS .280 DOCTRINE 

At the muzzle the Ross with game bullet delivers a blow of about 3,150 ft. lbs., approximately that of the .405, the most powerful arm 
made in the United States. 

At 100 yards the .405 rifle, due to the poor shape of its bullet and the lack of sectional density, falls badly below the Ross, 2,400 ft. lbs. 
for the .405 to 2,750 ft. lbs. for the Ross, while at 200 and over it is entirely outclassed, the figures being 1,700 lbs. to 2,325. Thus at game 
shooting ranges the Ross .280 far outclasses in mere striking energy any rifle made in the United States. Not until we get into the most powerful 
express rifles of English or Continental make, designed for stopping the biggest of the pachyderms, do we find a rifle that delivers the shock of 
the Ross .280. 

Do not deceive yourself with the weak arguments of the men who believe or pretend to believe that Ross small bore rifles with Ross bullets 
do not deliver their full shock or that they fall below low velocity, big-bore arms, with short, broad bullet, in striking effect. 

The caliber of the bullet as it leaves the barrel of a rifle matters not one whit. What DOES matter is the form the bullet assumes on 
striking the game, and whether it delivers its full energy in the animal’s body. This is merely a matter of a bullet that will without fail break 
up at the proper moment and in the Copper Tube we have such a missile. 

For the striking energy of the Ross .280, at various ranges, examine the enjergy chart printed here. The real energies are slightly over 
this on account of the muzzle energy being plotted as but 3,000 instead of 3,150. 



CHART of STRIKING- ENERGIES from MUZZLE to 500 YARDS 























































































































































3 














’■^Sss 


■Step, 




















































a. 












j^— 1 









































































YARDS 

RANGE 

500 

400 

300 

200 

100 



1500 ft lss. 
FOOT POUNDS 



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Ross 



THE ACCURACY OF THE .280 SEEMS ALMOST TOO GOOD TO BE TRUE 

There is but one standard of accuracy for our game shooting and our match cartridges. The difference is merely in bullet design and 
weight. The Copper Tube cartridge built for game shooting will outshoot at 1,000 yards any cartridge made up to the spring of 1912. Groups 
at 500 yards average under six inches vertically from outside to outside shot for ten shots. Try to make this at 200 yards with the best rifle you 
own, using soft point “game shooting” cartridges. This game shooting cartridge for the Ross .280 will far outshoot the best of the match am- 
munition for the New Springfield. This is not our opinion, not guess-work, but the result of dozens of comparative trials of the two rifles and 
two sorts of ammunition from machine rest. 













The Ross .280 was accurate enough in 1911 to win everything in sight in the great English long range matches at Bisley. Our accuracy now 
is about double that of 1911, in which the test of the rifleman winning these 1911 matches agrees with ours. 

We invite competitive tests for accuracy between the Ross .280, either game or match, and any other ammunition made. 

To carry home to your mind just what we mean by Ross accuracy, we give a few concrete examples of Ross shooting at long range. 

At 1,100 yards the Ross .280 rifle and ammunition shoot groups of fifteen shots into a circle from sixteen to eighteen inches across. 

At 500 yards an ordinary Ross sporting rifle has repeatedly put ten shots into the four inch circle. You can make nearly any Ross .280 

keep its shots into a postcard size rectangle over 500 yards. 

At 200 yards the groups run 1% inches as the outside measurement for ten shots. Try this against the work of the finest Schuetzen arm. 

The Ross using the .303 ordinary British cartridge proved so accurate at Bisley that a rule was passed forbidding the use of the rifle by any 
save Canadian rifle team members, thus saving for a time the total disappearance of the Lee-Enfield from the Bisley range. 

The reproductions of actual targets elsewhere in this book show the accuracy of the Ross .280 at 500 and 1000 yards. 

ROSS .280 COPPER TUBE GAME CARTRIDGE 

Ross .280 cartridges in common use are of two classes, one the match cartridge furnished with 180 grain bullet and a velocity of 2, BOO, the 
other, the Ross Copper Tube game shooting cartridge, using 146 grain bullet and having 3,100 foot seconds velocity. 

No missile anywhere near its weight fired from a shoulder arm has so fearful an effect on game as this copper tube bullet at Ross 
velocities. The striking energy of the Ross is terrific, and by the use of the sharp point, copper tube bullet, the shock is all delivered in the body 

of the game, not against nearby scenery. You can kill game and kill it “dead” at longer rang'e with the Ross .280 copper tube than with any 

rifle made. 

Briefly, the copper tube bullet is a sharp point missile with a soft copper tube set into it to cause it to break up. 

The forward quarter- inch of the bullet is composed of a thin copper tube running well back into the bullet core and containing air. The 
outside is shaped to conform with the curve of the bullet. The bullet looks as if the tip had been dipped into copper paint. The tube extends 
back about a quarter of an inch into the bullet core. 

The walls of the tube are heavy enough to prevent the tube from being bent or deformed by ordinary usage, yet soft enough to make it 
break after entering game. The bow of the bullet has very sharp lines, and all the advantages of the sharp point military bullet are retained 
in this one. 

When the bullet strikes, the tube collapses, the air within is compressed and assists in bursting the bullet. The effect is literally an ex- 
plosion. Examination of game hit with the bullet proves this. The pieces of the core and jacket continue on through the body, driven by the 
high velocity of the bullet as it struck the animal, and inflict fearful lacerations. 

The shock to the animal is terrific. It usually drops as if pole-axed. Rarely does an animal, hit squarely anywhere with the Ross .280 
copper tube, ever keep its feet. 

PLENTY OF PENETRATION TRANSLATED INTO KILLING EFFECT 

There is not the lack of complete penetration that at first thought might appear probable. A bear shot squarely through the body on 
examination showed the bits of the bullet to have penetrated nearly to the hide on the opposite side. The terrific energy of the bullet itself 
explains some of this great penetration of a projectile that after entry is converted into bits of flying lead and nickel jacket. 

No ordinary soft point bullet can compare with the Ross copper tube in the uniform effect produced and in the sureness with which it 
delivers its full energy in the body of the animal hit. Your own tests would speedily convince you of this. If you hit an animal squarely, practically 


Ross 

Rifles 

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' 





Ross 

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anywhere in the body, it is yours. The proportion of wounded game would be reduced to a very low point were the Ross copper tube bullet 
used entirely. 

The biggest and meanest bear in American hunting ground quits when struck by the Ross ton and a half blow. The copper tube bullet 
has killed big game of all sorts from lions down and there has been but one sort of report — it outclasses anything else in the rifle line save the 
most powerful, express, elephant guns. 

THE BOSS .280 MATCH CARTRIDGE IS A GEM 

This cartridge is worked out to give the highest possible accuracy, coupled with the least possible sensitiveness to wind. 

Practice has proved that the heavier bullet at less velocity is less sensitive to wind than the lighter bullet driven at several hundred foot 
seconds greater speed. In both cases the chamber pressures are kept to the standard limit. 

Therefore, with our chamber pressures the same with either 146 grain bullet at 3,100 ft. secs, or the 180 grain bullet at 2,800 ft. secs., we 
have settled upon the use of the heavier, slower bullet for long range shooting. The elevations required for both bullets are about the same over 
1,000 yards, while the heavy bullet “wind jams” better than any other at present obtainable. 

A wind of a given strength affects the Ross match bullet in 1,000 yards, about one-fourth as much as it does the .30-40 Krag | 

bullet and about one half as much as it does the New Springfield 1906 bullet. 

The happy condition that is the portion of the man using such a cartridge can be appreciated only by one who has lain hours 
at a time trying to gauge the strength of playful zephyrs that threaten to blow his teammates’ bullets clear off of the target. 

The great record of Mr. Maurice Blood at Bisley in 1911, against fast company, is an example of Ross superiority. 

Mr. Blood is a magnificent rifle shot, one of the best, if not the best in England. Yet his superiority to the men shooting against 
him is not so marked as to account for his walk away with his great armful of prizes under the varying conditions of all the matches 
in which he was entered. Just recollect that Blood, shooting in fifteen great matches against the best of the English shots, made top 
score in nine of them, landed second in two more, got third in one, and was ninth in one, all at ranges from 900 to 1,100 yards. 

His sweep was never equalled nor approached in all the history of the English Bisley matches. 

THE SOLID SHARP POINT BULLET NOT SURE 

We do not advise the use of the solid sharp point bullet on big game. Our experience, backed by that of hundreds of European 
sportsmen, is that there is no inherent killing virtue in the sharp point bullet and the only way this missile kills is by turning side- 
ways on impact. 

A properly balanced sharp point bullet will usually not turn on impact, while the bullets that do turn are not balanced and 
are not, therefore, as accurate. The spitzer bullet cannot be relied upon to kill surely. To prevent the escape of many head of wounded 
game, and for the sake of saving the sportsman many a long chase after escaping punctured animals, we urge the use of an efficient 
game bullet, one that kills not SOMETIMES, not once in a while, but WHENEVER IT STRIKES THE GAME FAIRLY, WHENEVER 
A BULLET COULD BE EXPECTED TO KILL. 

Ross principles in ammunition making apply regardless of the rifle in which it is used. We can get higher accuracy and 
lower pressures out of barrels made according to our ideas, but our ammunition improves the accuracy of nearly any arm we take 



in hand. 

Aid your Aim with Ross Ammunition. 



Good, but does 
not equal 
copper 
tube 



ROSS STRAIGHT PULL RIFLE PROOF 

TO PROVE A ROSS RIFLE. SHOOT IT 

JHE proof of the pudding is in the eating, and the proof of a rifle is in its shooting. The next best thing is to go into the details of the 
arm, its proven performances and the opinion of others regarding the arm. When you get your Boss, as you eventually will, you’ll find that 
our statements are not over-drawn. 

Our rifle will shoot through steel and more of it than any rifle made, but we do not try to sell you the gun on the strength of this 
Our rifle having more striking energy at 100 yards than any rifle in America, is big enough for the biggest game to be found in 
America and for most of it to be found in other countries, but we do not recommend it for use on elephants, buffalo and rhinocerii 

Our rifle hits like the heavy club of Hercules. In cold figures the Boss hits like a hammer of a ton and a half, dropping a distance of a 
foot, which you must admit, is slightly more weighty than even the best of the legendary hammers. Still we are not satisfied to rest our case 
on this trip-hammer record alone. You want to know whether you can always deliver this hammer blow just where you want it and whether 
the bullet that is going to play the hammer part is likely to curve high enough in its flight to miss the entire anvil. 



Ross 

Rifles 



ROSS SYSTEM OF OPERATION 

At the risk of being tiresome, we must offer you a detailed description of the mechanism of our rifles. They differ so radically from any 
others and they are so great an improvement upon others, that unless you are thoroughly familiar with the Boss from personal use we recommend 
the close reading of this section of the Boss book. 

The Boss rifle is a true straight-pull arm. The bolt is opened and closed by a simple pull to the rear 
and thrust forward. The bolt handle does not describe part of a circle, lifting the bolt locking shoulder 
out of a locking recess. 

Due to the lack of any other motion than a straight backward and forward snap of the hand when 
operating the bolt, the rifle is the fastest of any hand operated arm. This has been proven repeatedly. No 
modern high power arm, using cartridges of the .303 British or of the .280 class, can touch a Boss in the 
speed with which it can be shot. 



DETAILS OE THE MECHANISM 

The Boss mechanism consists of a bolt, magazine and trigger and sear parts. The bolt and magazine 
can be removed from the Boss Model of 1910 in five seconds, and replaced nearly as quickly. 

Boss bolts are not made to be taken down easily. Our experience has shown us that much more 
harm than good comes from making a bolt which can be quickly resolved into its original parts. It is 
sufficiently easy to disassemble a Boss bolt if circumstances require it, but you cannot do it with a twist 
of the wrist. We have made it so on purpose. 




EC 



Ross 

Rifles 



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Ross 



THE EOSS BOLT IS A EEAL BREECH CLOSING DEVICE 

In the Boss Model of 1910 bolt, adopted by the Canadians for their new rifle in the expectation of a change on the part of the English 
War Office in the Army cartridge, is found the strongest breech-closing device of any repeating rifle yet devised. The Boss bolt will stand to 
thousands of rounds a working pressure that would either set hack the lugs of the best type of modern military bolt action rifle until 
unusable, or which would entirely wreck the rifle if the lugs were hard enough to resist upsettage. 

The Ross bolt consists of two distinct portions, the bolt itself and the bolt sleeve, carrying the bolt handle and the safety bolt. 




A View o! the Wonderful Ross Straight Pull Bolt 
Showing interrupted thread locking lugs. A guarantee of strength 



The bolt is a hollow steel cylinder, about 4V£ inches long. At its forward end are the combined interrupted screw threads and locking 
lugs that lock the bolt against the backward thrust of the explosion. This bolt locking system of the Model 1910 Ross was evolved from the .280 
bolt used on thousands of sporting and match .280 rifles and it is the strongest possible form of breech closing mechanism for a magazine arm. 

ROSS LOCKING LUGS CARRY INTERRUPTED THREADS 

On the bolt head are the two locking lugs, similar to those used on the New Springfield, but considerably larger in area. These lugs are 
3-16 inch deep — from the top of the lug down to the bolt. Into the lugs are cut portions of an interrupted thread, 3-32 inch deep. The bottom 
lug, when the bolt is in its locked position, has three cuts in it, making four segments of the thread to lock into the receiver. The opposite lug 
has two cuts, making three of the thread segments. 

In the receiver walls are cut corresponding sections of threads into which these bolt head sections lock firmly when the bolt is revolved. 



ol he boriocking! ng Sh0UlderS ° f the ln ® s tura d ° w11 shoulders in the receiver, terming an additional lock similar to the ordinary system 

The Ross bolt is thus a combination of the interrupted thread system used on heavy ordnance, and the locking lugs of the usual plan 
drawings iuS^uT Me ‘ # "°j ‘ *°“ b<>lt ° PeI1 Witl “ Ut ° Ut BntilB rBBBi ™ A “»«** -section of a Ross or of the 

Along the rear three inches of the bolt spindle are out two helicoid ribs, terminating at the rear end in sections of an interrupted screw, 
hese ribs, working in the corresponding grooves in the bolt sleeve, form the means by which the Ross bolt is revolved, 
etween the two locking lugs of the Ross bolt is cut a gas escape hole, through which gas may escape in case of a punctured primer. 

, Tj f 1 ”' 18 a h ° UoW . C J Ilnde | carrying the extractor, the bolt handle at its rear end and the safety bolt. It is about 5U inches 
prevent thef®^ ZnTn g ^ ™ rib8 “ rBCBiTBI “ d * bB slBBTB »» P-fectly true and smooth. These ribs 



SPIRAL GROOVES INSIDE THE BOLT SLEEVE GIVE THE MOTION 

of the delve 6 ^ ^ ““ ““ ^^-^“coid-ribs on the bolt spindle engaging in corresponding grooves on the inside 

When the sleeve, carrying the bolt, is pushed forward until forward motion of the bolt is stopped by the head of the receiver the sleeve 
continues, fjfg and its grooves, acting on the ribs on the bolt, compel the bolt to revolve, engaging the locking lugs into their coVespond^ 

„ Tte ‘ stral 5 ht back and forward m °«°“ ° f the bolt sleeve causes the bolt to revolve into or out of its engagement with the locking 
threads in the receiver. s 

A familiar application of this system is the spiral screwdriver, in which a push forward on the handle compels the blade of the tool to turn 
driving in or turning out the screw. ’ 

.V The Sleeve m0TeS ab0Ut an incb t0 tlle rear wWle the boIt is bein S turIled out of its engagement with the receiver. Then the 

threads on the rear end of the driving ribs of the bolt engage with corresponding threads in the bolt sleeve, preventing the pressure of the now 
compressed mam spring from turning the bolt. The bolt and sleeve are drawn together to the rear, carrying the emptv cartridge with them until 
it is ejected. 

FIRING PRESSURE ON A ROSS BOLT LOCKS IT MORE SECURELY 

There is absolutely no tendency for pressure on the bolt head to unlock the bolt. It is a mechanical impossibility for the bolt to unlock 
while the thrust of the explosion in the chamber is on the bolt head; the friction of the lugs and the threads of the bolt against the recesses of the 
receiver being so great that a powerful wrench could not turn the bolt during the strain. An additional safeguard is furnished by the form of 
the bolt sleeve which precludes the possibility of the bolt turning. The instant the thrust is off the bolt, it may be unlocked freely and the bolt 
works so easily as to almost give the impression that it could not be safe. 

The only way to unlock the bolt is to pull back on the sleeve. The pressure of the explosion is NOT on the sleeve, but on the bolt head, 
while the rifle recoiling suddenly backward, has the same effect as if the bolt sleeve were suddenly driven forward, tending still more to keep the bolt 
securely locked. There is no safer closing mechanism in the world than this Ross 1910 rifle action, and at the same time no easier working one. 

A Ross .280 rifle, using mechanism not quite so strong as that of the new 1910 action now used on all Ross rifles, has never been blown 
open in spite of its high chamber pressure and the rough treatment the various rifles have received in the different parts of the world to which 
they have been carried. 



Ross 

Rifles 



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Ross 

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YOU HAVE TO PULI THE TRIGGER TO DISCHARGE A ROSS RIFLE 

, • Knit urouer the rear end ot the firing- pin terminating in the cocking piece which slides in 

a £1 „t S' to tL r srasriK 

ri r ld tbe cockins piece is 

engaged^by engage^in^ d^p^groove 5 in° the^boU ^eaX^the^ail^runnin^Jca^^in^^io^h^the^b^t^sleeve^Jft^ ^°it^is 

New Springfield form in appearance, but is on a different principe an i is ai * rdless of the pull applied. It is so designed that the 

its cuSlg throngh the rim of the she, 

°Z:Z^ ZM f Z r d =n^r LTspringfield combined bolt stop and cut-off, now 

the standard on the Canadian Army rifle, Model of 1910. 




ROSS .303 MILITARY TARGET RIFLE MARK II 



WEIGHT, about 8 lbs. 
LENGTH of barrel, 30 in. 
FORESIGHT, Adjustable. 



REAR SIGHT, Military. 
STOCK, Good Quality Walnut. 
CARTRIDGE, .303 British. 



PRICE, $40.00. 



Hew Barrels can be furnished for this rifle at short notice. New barrels put in, and sighted correctly, $17.50. 

THERE IS NO CUT-OFF ON ROSS SPORTING RIFLES 

Ross sporting rifles are not made with a cut-off. We regard a cut-off as a dangerous thing in a sporting magazine rifle and one that might 

quite easily result fatally when facing dangerous game, or involve the loss of a fine trophy A rifle with a magazine cul t-off a ways eaves room 

for doubt as to its condition in case of a hasty second shot. One with the magazine constantly m operation, always feeds up the cartridge for the 
second shot and you are not losing needed second shots because you had your cartridges nicely cut-off. 

The bolt stop is normally turned down against the receiver. To take out the bolt, turn up the stop half way, or to a horizontal position, 

when the stop lug clears the shoulder on the bolt rib. . . , ., . . . . , 

The magazine is of the well known staggered double column type, using a double leaf spring and follower, and it is, except in the .303 rifle, 

contained within the lines of the stock. The .303 magazine, being designed for charger loading with rim cartridges, has to be made of the single 
column type and it protrudes from the stock to about the bottom of the trigger guard. 



THE ROSS .280 MAGAZINE CARRIES FOUR CARTRIDGES— THAT’S ENOUGH ROSS 

The magazine of the Boss .280 contains but four cartridges, which with one in the chamber, gives five shots. The larger size of the .280 RifldS 

case makes the rifle, from a sportsman’s point of view, a trifle bulky at the magazine if made for five cartridges. The terrific shocking power 
of the .280 rarely makes a second shot necessary and sportsmen have found by practical experience that two cartridges of the .280 class will 
usually stop anything that should be taken on with anything short of an elephant rifle. 



COMPLETE SAFETY AND QUICK ACTION ARE ROSS QUALITIES 



The safety bolt is set just above the bolt handle. This is a little steel bolt, about an inch long, working at right angles to the long axis 
of the bolt sleeve. It has a thumb piece with the words “Safe,” and “Ready,” engraved on it. The rifle can be changed noiselessly from “Safe” to 
“Ready” without removing the hand from the bolt handle after closing the rifle. 

When the thumb piece is turned over, a cam cut in the safety bolt engages in a cam in the top of the cocking piece, driving back the cocking 
piece from engagement with the sear and making the rifle absolutely safe. At the same time the safety bolt, through its thread, moves slightly 
across the bolt sleeve, its end engaging in a cut in the receiver wall and locking the bolt sleeve against any motion. The rifle can be locked, either 
cocked or uncocked, against firing or opening. 

There is no fumbling with a hammer that may slip from under the thumb in cold or wet weather and the action is locked rigidly against 
accidental opening through a fall or by brush catching in the mechanism. This is far from being true with many types of rifles. The Ross, with 
the safety bolt turned to “Safe,” cannot be fired from a fall or from an accidental blow on the cocking piece. Let the long list of accidents with 
hammer rifles say whether or not this is a point worthy of note. The Ross Rifle does not lock the sear and call the arm locked, it interferes with 
afld blocks the portion that moves forward and strikes the cartridge. 

Ross trigger pulls are all light and uniform through correct mechanical principles, not by reason of any attention that may be given the 
arm during the finishing. 

We use the two-pull or double-draw system, common to all bolt rifles not using set triggers. Sportsmen getting accustomed to this form 
of a pull refuse to use any other if they can avoid it. 

This sort of a pull allows the trigger to move back a short distance, against the resistance of the sear spring. Then the movement stops and 
if the pressure be slightly increased, usually to about three pounds, the rifle is fired without further apparent movement of the trigger. 



THE TRIGGER PULL OF THE ROSS IS EXCEPTIONALLY GOOD 

This is not a creep, as called by many people unacquainted with the principle involved. The first motion of the trigger partly withdraws 
the sear from the nose of the cocking piece, leaving but a slight engaging surface. Then the leverage of the trigger is altered owing to its form 
of construction, and farther movement relieves the sear entirely from its engagement with the cocking nose. This last motion is entirely smooth and 
short and feels like the most finely adjusted form of fixed pull. By this construction a large amount of engagement may be obtained between the 
sear and the cocking piece and yet the firing pull may be kept as light and smooth as desired. 

The sportsman will find this form of pull far superior to the ordinary fixed pull. The first movement of the trigger acts as a positive index 
of the force being applied when the fingers are numb from the cold, while with a fixed pull one cannot always tell just when the trigger will respond 
and the report may come as a disagreeable surprise. 

This sort of pull is common to all bolt action rifles, but with Ross construction all pulls are light and uniform beyond the limits of any 
ordinary machine construction. 



Look 

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Ross 



Ross 

Rifles 



In the bracket is pivoted a hard steel roller, lying- across the path of the cocking nose. When the rifle is cocked, this roller pushes the cocking 
nose upward to the limit of any up and down travel it may have in the holt sleeve. Thus the relation between the sear and the cocking nose is 
always the same and the pull must he uniform. The sear is cut by accurate machinery on the arc of a circle and literally rolls out from before 

the cocking nose. . , 

Ross pulls are as smooth and free from grate and rough drag as if they had received the most careful hand finishing, but no hand finish 

could produce the even run of work that our system of manufacture does. 

A ROSS CAN BE FIRED ONLY WHEN THE BOLT IS LOCKED IN PLACE 

Like all well conducted rifles, the Boss cannot be fired until it is entirely locked. In the Boss this is merely due to the fact that if the bolt 
sleeve is pulled back enough even to start the locking lugs from their seats, the cocking nose will strike the end of the slot in which it works, 
and the main spring will merely push home the sleeve instead of firing the rifle. 

In operation the Boss bolt requires merely a brisk pull to the rear, applied to the bolt handle. This does not mean a hard pull, it takes little 
effort ; but a quick motion is essential to get the best and easiest working of the bolt. The momentum of the sleeve unlocks the bolt from its receiver 
cuts, and compresses the main spring. 

The cut of the locking lugs at a pitch of about three turns to the inch, produces primary extraction of the fired case as the lugs turn out of 
their seats. This requires no additional effort over the ordinary one of opening the bolt. 

The extreme travel of the bolt handle is five inches, and the motion is straight backward and forward, a mere flash of the wrist. The bolt 
or bolt parts do not cross the line of sight and the ejected case is thrown out to the right without crossing the sight line or interfering with the fire. 

The bolt, going forward, picks up a fresh cartridge from the magazine, the head of the case slipping up into the hook of the extractor while 
the bolt is going forward. This puts the shell in the grasp of the bolt at a 11 times and the extra effort of forcing the extractor over the rim of the 
case is done away with. 

When the bolt reaches the limit of its forward travel and strik es the stop pin in the receiver, the forward motion of the bolt sleeve releases 
the locking teeth of the driving ribs from their engagement with those of the sleeve and the ribs compel the bolt to revolve, turning the lugs 
into their recesses and seating the cartridge in the chamber. 

KEEP YOUR ROSS TO YOUR SHOULDER WHEN YOU SHOOT. IT IS THE EASIEST WAY 

The easiest and most natural method of using a Ross straight pull is to keep the rifle at the shoulder, throwing the second shot into the 
chamber before lowering the rifle. When the rifle is opened without having the butt against the shoulder or arm, slip the thumb of the right hand 
across the back of the receiver, giving a slight backward jerk on the bolt -handle. The pull in all cases should be close up to the bolt sleeve, making 
it straight to the rear and avoiding any tendency to cramp the bolt by pulling on- the extreme outward end of the handle. 

The quicker and snappier you make the motions in handling the Ross bolt, the easier it will work. The speed with which the bolt sleeve 
travels is a big factor in determining the ease of the bolt travel. 



Look 

Over 



TRY TO MATCH OUR MATCH RIFLES 

IF YOU ARE A TARGET SHOT THIS WILL INTEREST YOU 



the 

Ross 



JF you are ambitious to show your best form on the rifle range and want absolutely the most accurate arm made, then the purchase of a Ross is 
imperative. A Ross .280 match rifle in the hands of a good shot is absolutely fatal to three-foot bull's-eyes at 1,100 yards. 

Used with our special match ammunition — not that obtainable elsewhere — our .303 British match rifles will far outshoot the ordinary New 
Springfield or British Service Rifle. 



The King of match rifles is of course the Ross .280. With an accuracy 
by machine rest tests, considerably greater than the U. S. rifle with match 
ammunition, and a wind sensitiveness about one-half that of the 1906 IT. S. 
cartridge, the Ross .280 will plug its shots into the bull’s-eye at 1,100 yards 
with monotonous regularity while the other rifle is dropping to fours or worse, 
and it will carry through stray zephyrs straight to the bull while the other 
bullet is perhaps blown wide of even the ring marked with the red disc. 

The Ross .280 match rifle will shoot group after group at 1,100 yards 
into sixteen to eighteen inch circles for each fifteen shots. This is nearly 
double the accuracy of the Ross Rifle and ammunition with which Mr. Blood 
won the International and Irish Championships in 1911. Yet, even that arm 
proved to be many points ahead of anything else shot on the Bisley range. 

We fit our match rifles as desired, with regular match sights for the 
back position, using magnifying lenses and the rear sight on the heel of the 
rifle, or with vernier peep sights on the bridge of the rifle, giving a tremendous 
distance, between front and rear sights, 35 inches as compared with 22 for 
the Springfield. 

The satisfactory shooting of our match rifles is absolutely guaranteed 
to purchasers. 




Opens easily when opened with a 
snap this way. Easier still irom 
the shoulder, which is better 



Ross 

Rifles 



A FEW RECORDS OF ROSS RIFLES ON THE RANGE 

ROSS RIFLES HOLD MANY NOTEWORTHY RECORDS 



No one will maintain that target records of a rifle are the only proofs of its superiority, yet no sensible person would deny that great weight 
should be given to superiority shown upon the target range in determining the relative merits of rifles. No rifle which has ever been shot has been 
so uniformly successful or has brought to its fortunate users such a long list of magnificent prizes as has the Ross. 

We have mentioned that it won in 1911, in the hands of Private Clifford, a Canadian rifleman, the King’s Prize and the Prince of Wales 
Match, a record never before equalled. Mr. Maurice Blood also won that year at Bisley the Grand Aggregate Prize in matches which, because all 
Ion®’ rano-e events and owing to the high skill of the competitors, are without question the most difficult rifle matches known. 

In 1912 Corporal Mortimer, of Canada, with a grand total and a series of targets worthy to command the highest praise, once more won the 
Grand Aggregate at Bisley and added another link to the chain which must inevitably bind every fair-minded man to a belief that Ross Rifles on the 
range as elsewhere are incomparable. 

The Birmingham Daily Post referred to the success of the Ross Rifle in the 1912 Match Rifle Competitions in the following terms: — 

••During the week-end a mathematically inclined Ross Rifle enthusiast has been making calculations respecting the results of the series of match 
rifle competitions last week. The results are interesting. In elaborate detail, it is shown that of the 94 prizes in the big events in the match rifle 
list, 50 were gained by users of Ross Match Rifles and ammunition, the value of the prizes so gained being £278, out of the £373 value of the prizes 
offered. Further, it is shown that of the 373 competitors firing, 119 used the Ross make of rifle, by means cf which four possibles were put on at 900 
yards and seven at 1,000 yards. In detail it is shown that the Ross Rifle users claimed more than 50 per cent, of the prizes in the Waldegrave, the 
Bass and the Edge shoots, while taking all three in the Wimbledon Cup, two out of four in the King’s Norton, and six out of seven in the Hopton 
aggregate, more than 50 per cent, of the prize money being claimed in all shoots but one. 



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WEIGHT, about 9 lbs., 4 oz. 

LENGTH of barrel, 30% in. 

SIGHTS, none — furnished on application. 



ROSS .280 MATCH RIFLE 

STOCK, Italian Walnut. 
MAGAZINE, none. 

CARTRIDGE, Ross .280 Match. 



BUILT to conform to the British N. R. A. 

regulations. 

PRICE, $60.00. 



WHAT SOME EXPERTS SAY ABOUT THE ROSS 

IT’S an easy matter to blow your own horn. All that is necessary is plenty of wind — or in print, plenty of printer’s ink. 

* The difficult thing is to form a brass band to sound your praises out of the men whose opinion is worth something. 

You’ve heard our announcement. Now listen to the music of the band. 

“I never received a rifle before that did not need several hours’ work on the action, trigger pull, etc., in order to put it in shape for efficient 
use. The action and pull of this arm were absolutely perfect. I was prepared for a rapid action, but nevertheless was surprised at the speed with 
which this one can be worked. Moreover, it seems to differ from other bolt rifles that I have used, in that the action works just as easily with car- 
tridges in the action as when the action is empty. The trigger pull is the best that I have ever felt on any arm.” — Lieutenant Townsend Whelen, 
29th Infantry, U. S. A., author of “Suggestions to Military Riflemen,” and a recognized authority on rifles and rifle shooting. 

After Bisley, 1908, the first appearance of the Ross on the target range in England. 

“An individual triumph. Lee Enfield hopelessly behind. A rifle of wondrous precision.” — From the Morning Post. 

“Ross Rifle beats all the world’s rifles. Lee Enfield now obsolete, scrap it.” — From the Standard. 

AND — similar opinions in nearly every English news and sporting paper. 

Then when the Ross .280 again jarred up the shooting world by its great performance at Bisley in 1911, winning the Hopton Aggregate 
and the Long Range Championship of England, the newspapers and service papers had many warm words of earnest and well-deserved praise. 



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THE ROSS .22 CALIBRE 

A SMALL NEW ROSS READY 

JJERE is a new Ross Rifle with a breech mechanism as unique and as satisfactory as that of its bigger brothers. A straight pull, single shot, 
splendidly made, .22-calibre rifle, that for ease of manipulation, positiveness of action and safety, cannot be touched by any other single shot .22 
on the market. 

The .22 rifle is by far the most popular rifle the world over. The low cost of its ammunition, the small noise, and the slight energy of the 



bullet are features that make the .22-calibre rifle used everywhere. It will put cats in the other world or will slay tin cans and devastate reams 
of paper targets. In the camp, properly used, it is responsible for many a mulligan stew that could not have been obtained with a high-power 
rifle, while its light weight makes it very desirable on the fishing trip where a rifle is regarded as rather a side issue. 

The small size and the lack of energy of the .22 cartridge has seemingly persuaded many rifle makers that the weapon to use it is a toy and 
that any rifle and breech mechanism will suffice to shoot it. 

The market is flooded with .22-calibre rifles, some of them good, some of them merely indifferent, and some of them simply trashy in their 
material and design. The actions are often not gas tight nor strong enough to guarantee the safety of their users, the metal used is frequently 
inferior and the design of the breech closing mechanism sometimes allows the rifle to be fired in another manner than by pulling the trigger. Occa- 
sionally the user of one of these imperfect arms loses his eyesight. There is ample “ginger” in the .22 cartridge to blow open a faulty bolt. 




Ross 

Rifles 



POOR .22, POOR BOY! 

A poor .22-calibre rifle is a very undesirable weapon to place in the hands of a boy, who, like the rest of us, is sometimes disposed to be 
careless. There should be absolutely no chance for accident other than that which follows pulling the trigger at the wrong time and which the most 
careful rifle-maker cannot guard against. 

We have designed and built the Ross .22 along the lines of sound rifle construction, using as much care in making it entirely safe and 
strong as we have successfully devoted to that purpose in building our big game and target arms. We do not use cheap iron parts in its construction. 
The bolt is not actuated by any small and unhandy bolt lever. There is no gas escape from the action. It is impossible to fire the rifle until the 
bolt is closed. The cartridge cannot be exploded any other way than by pulling the trigger. The barrel is bored to shoot as accurately as any .22- 
calibre rifle made. The stocks of our .22’s are made from the same quality of wood as our military rifles, which means of a good grade of walnut, 
not cedar nor pine nor any other of the soft unsuitable woods often used on cheap .22-calibres. 



THE ROSS .22 IS EASILY OPERATED 

The Ross .22 is a straight-pull rifle in which is embodied totally different principles than those used in our larger rifles, but sound principles 
assuring perfect safety with this light cartridge. But two motions are necessary to open the bolt, close it again and cock the firing mechanism. 



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Ross 

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Ross 



The portion of the bolt to be grasped by the thumb and finger is large and easy to handle. No delicate manipulation of a Lilliputian holt 
handle is necessary with this rifle. 

To operate the Ross .22, the rifle being uncocked, merely pull straight back on the milled ears at the back of the bolt. Drop a cartridge 

into the chamber— it is not necessary to start it into the chamber or to take any care in placing it other than to see that the bullet end points 

toward the barrel. Press the bolt home with the palm of the hand. All that remains to fire the rifle is to press the trigger. 

As long as the rifle is cocked, the bolt is locked against opening. There is no uncertainty, no half way position with the Ross . 22 . To open 

when the rifle is cocked, press upward on the release button just in front of the trigger guard. This will allow the bolt to spring open, throwing out the 
loaded shell if there is one in the chamber. The mechanism on this rifle is the simplest and most positive of any single shot on the market. 

To take out the Ross bolt, with the rifle open, unscrew the milled cap over the breech end of the barrel. In replacing it, hold back on the 
trigger while the bolt is being slid into its seat. 

To take down the rifle, merely turn out the forestock screw, which allows the barrel and receiver to be separated from the stock. The 
rifle packs into the length of the stock. 

AN ELEVATING REAR SIGHT IS A FEATURE 

One of the features of the Ross .22 is the elevating peep rear sight, fixed to the rear of the receiver close to the eye and part of the regular equip- 
ment of the rifle. To change the elevation of the sight, turn the knurled head projecting below the sight. The purchaser of the Ross .22 gets a rifle made 
ready to use, proper sights and all, without going to an extra expense for peep sight, and the trouble of having it fitted and shot for accuracy. 
In comparing the cost of the Ross .22-calibre with any other single shot, you should add $3 to the cost of the other arm to bring it up to the equipment 
of this Ross. The sights are furnished with an aperture of .05 of an inch. 

To lock the rifle against firing or opening, push the safety bolt from left to right until the word “on” is exposed. The arm can be put in 
readiness to fire far more quickly than a hammer can be pulled to full cock. When the Ross is locked safe it cannot be fired by an accidental blow on 
the end of the cocking piece, as from a fall. This not true of all arms. 

The rifle is chambered to take the .22 Long Rifle cartridge, but it is rifled to give good results, with the Long and the Short, any of which 
may be used in the rifle without trouble. However, persistent use of the Short cartridge in any rifle chambered for the Long Rifle will eventually 
burn the chamber enough to cause the cases of the Long Rifle to stick and cause trouble in extracting them. This is not the fault of the rifle, but 
is true of any arm in which all three cartridges are used indiscriminately. 




WEIGHT, about 5 lbs. REAR SIGHT, Peep. PRICE, $12.00 — Special Price to Cadet 

LENGTH of barrel, 21 in. STOCK, Good Quality Walnut. Organizations. 

FORESIGHT, Adjustable. CARTRIDGE, .22 Short, .22 Long, .22 

Long Rifle. 



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There will be no trouble if the Short is used entirely, or if the Long Rifle is the only one shot in the arm. The sticking takes place only 
where Shorts have been shot enough to erode the chamber and then Long Rifles are used. 

The stocks on this rifle are made with short full pistol grip, steel shotgun-shaped butt plate and good oiled finish. For the boy the stock length 
is 12 34 inches. For the man who likes to use a light .22 we make a stock 14 inches long. No extra charge for choice of length. 

Weight of rifle about 4 lbs. Length of barrel, 20 inches. 

HOW TO USE THE ROSS RIFLE 

TO OPEN THE CHAMBER 

QRASP the bolt handle between the thumb and the first and second fingers and with the butt on the arm between the elbow and shoulder or at 
the shoulder, give the handle a brisk pull to the rear. The amount of force required is small, but the motion should be quick and snappy. 
The Ross is the easiest working of all hand functioned rifles when it is used as directed. 

TO CLOSE THE CHAMBER 

Push the bolt smartly forward as far as it will go. The straight motion forward picks up a cartridge from the magazine, inserts it into the 
chamber, closes the bolt and locks it, leaving the rifle ready to fire. There are no revolving motions of the Ross bolt handle to unlock the bolt as 
with some arms, the sole movements of the Ross bolt consist of a slide backward and forward of about five inches. 

TO LOAD THE MAGAZINE 

Press cartridges down against the follower until they are engaged by the lip of the magazine. No care is necessary to get the rear ends 
of the cartridges in any certain position; only see that the bullet ends are toward the chamber. You can load the Ross in the dark and do it quicker 
than the other fellow can load his old-fashioned box magazine gun in broad daylight. 

The .280 Ross magazine holds four cartridges, which with one in the chamber, gives five shots at the user’s disposal. 

The .303 British holds five cartridges in the magazine. It is loadable by means of a clip or charger, or the cartridges may be inserted one at 
a time, keeping the magazine replenished at all times. 

TO PUT THE ROSS RIFLE AT “SAFE " 

The Ross bolt is designed so it can be locked against firing or opening when the rifle is cocked and can be locked against opening when 
the firing pin is forward-snapped. This means that you can carry the rifle uncocked and with the chamber empty without danger of the action 
being pulled part way open by brush catching in it. This is not true of other bolt rifles. When the rifle is cocked and the safety bolt turned 
to safe, the rifle cannot be pulled part way open by any obstructions catching in the working mechanism. Review the various rifles with which you 
are acquainted and see whether this is true of them. 

To lock the rifle against firing or opening, push the thumb piece of the safety bolt over until the word “safe” is exposed. If the rifle is 
carried cocked and loaded and a quick shot is expected the safety bolt may be pulled up to a position nearly vertical, leaving the rifle still safe. 
The arm can be put in readiness to fire more quickly than a hammer can be pulled to full cock. When the Ross is locked safe it cannot be fired 
by an accidental blow on the end of the cocking piece, as from a fall. This is not true of all arms. 


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TO TAKE OUT THE ROSS BOLT 

Turn down the bolt stop to a horizontal position and withdraw the bolt. When the bolt is replaced, see that the bolt stop is turned up 
into place to prevent the bolt from sliding violently out to the rear when you open the rifle. If the bolt becomes unlocked from its engagement 
with the threads in the sleeve, while it is out of the rifle, and turns back into the sleeve under the pressure of the main spring, grasp the bolt 
head, and holding the sleeve in the other hand, turn bolt head out to its extended position. It will not enter the rifle any other way. 

THE RIFLE LB THE FIELD 

The Ross Rifle is the safest of any against jams or freezing up in low temperatures, but a certain amount of precaution is necessary with any 
firearm to prevent disappointment. 

If the rifle is used in temperatures low enough to solidify oil and thus clog up the rifle, wipe the bolt and especially the cocking piece entirely 
free from grease. This does not in the least interfere with its working. Our rifles have been used on big game at forty below zero without giving the 
slightest trouble. 

Where the snow tends to pile up around the bolt, or sand is blowing hard, carry the rifle with the chamber empty and the safety on, the 
cocking piece of course being forward. The opening motion of the bolt in loading clears the mechanism of any snow or sand that may have gath- 
ered around it and makes the first shot absolutely certain. 

It is safer under ordinary circumstances to carry the arm with the chamber empty, loading only when a shot is very probable. The Ross 
safety bolt is safer than that of any other pattern of arm, particularly those that lock the trigger in an attempt to prevent accidental discharge, 
but the safest rifle of all, except when near game, is the one with no cartridge in the chamber. 

If obstructions get into the barrel, do not attempt to shoot them out unless you are anxious to buy a new rifle and perhaps to find yourself 
lacking a hand and arm or other useful members. In all such cases the air between the bullet and the obstruction being compressed suddenly the 
resulting pressure may bulge the barrel or perhaps burst it. 

Carry a pull-through or field cleaner and use it if leaves or dirt or even snow get into the barrel. 

TAKING APART THE RIFLE 

The magazine and bolt can be withdrawn in a few seconds, and this is usually enough to permit you to keep the rifle in perfect shooting 
condition. 

To take off the magazine with its mechanism, press upward with the point of a bullet or similar shaped object inserted in the hole at the 
forward end of the magazine floor plate. This unlocks the catch. Pull the plate forward with the bullet, keeping the latch pressed upward. With- 
draw the magazine floor plate, magazine spring and follower, tipping the follower slightly to clear the lip of the magazine well. 

When replacing the magazine mechanism, see that the little lugs on the floor plate enter their slots and press the plate backward until the 
lip at the rear end engages in the slot in the trigger guard and the catch snaps into plate. 

To remove the extractor, press outward on the hook to clear the bolt head and draw it forward. 

Further dismounting is absolutely unnecessary except in the rare case of a broken part, and it should not be done. 

As previously explained, we do not believe in putting a rifle out for general use in which the bolt can instantly be taken apart. Our bolts 
are not made to be taken down quickly. Any bolt can be removed from the rifle in two seconds, but to take the bolt apart will require more time. 
We have made it so with definite intent. 

LOOK OVER THE ROSS