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The 

Saltus Year Book 



VIRTUTE 




INDUSTRIA 



ET 



1945 



The Saltus Year Book, Summer 1945 



Editor — F. B. Rogers 
Contents 

Roll of Honour 2 

Governing Body, etc 3 

Editorial 4 

"After V-E Day" : 4 

Empire Day.. 5 

Old Boys' News 6 

"Early Days of Saltus" by Rev. E. A. Annett 9 

School Notes 13 

Football 14 

Cricket 16 

Athletics 17 

S.G.S. Role in B.S.S.A. Sports 19 

Boxing 20 

Swimming 22 

Tennis. '. ' 24 

Gymnastics 25 

Cadets 26 

Fencing 27 

Choir 28 

Musical Society 28 

"Cult A" 29 

The Year's Art 29 

Lecture on Paratroops b}^ Major Whitelock 30 

Debating Society 32 

World Today Club 34 



Roll of Honour 



F/O H. Francis Ede, 
D.F.C. 

F/O H. J. A. Linton, 
(Asst. Master 1934-36) 

N. L. Meyer, R.A.F 

P/OW. C. Hollis Hallett 

P/0 John Brewer 

Pte. Allison W. B. Fowle, 
B.V.R.C. 

Sgt. Geoffrey Welch, 
R.A.F. 

P/0 Hewson Perinchief, 
R.A.F. 

Fit/Lieut. William C. 
Warfield, R.A.F. 



Missing at Sea ... 8th June, 1940 

Missing on Flight 25th April, 1941 

Missing at Sea. .. 19th January, 1942 

Killed in Action.. 21st March, 1942 

Killed in Action.. 31st May, 1942 

Killed in Action,. 10th December, 1942 

Killed in Action.. 11th December, 1942 

Missing in Action November, 1944 

Killed in Action.. 20th December, 1944 



Governing Body 



HcM-cward Watlington, Esq., M.C.P. John W. Cox, Esq., M.C.P. 
Hon. Eldon Trimingham, Esq., H. D. Butterfield, Esq. 

C.B.E., M.C.P. 
Capt. N. Bayard Dill, M.C.P. 

Headmaster R. E. E. Booker, Esq., M.A., M.R.S.T., F.R.S.A. 

Secretary-Treasurer Mrs. J. Hartley Watlington 

Staff 



H. J. Hallett, M.A. 

H. Richardson, B.Sc. (Econ.), F.R.G.S. 

J. H. Kerry, M.A. 

F. B. Rogers, M.A. 

W. B. Welch, M.A. • 

S. Gascoigne, B.A. 

H. C. E. Masters 

R. R. Thompson 

Mrs. Edith Trott 

Miss Edith Smith 

J. R. Bridge (Music) 

Miss K. Cook (Art) 



School Officials 



Head Prefect K. G. R. Hallam (Until Christmas) 

C. R. Terceira (After Christmas) 

Captain of Football C. R. Terceira 

Captain of Cricket C. R. Terceira 

Captain of Athletics D. H. Harrison 



House Captains: 

Butterfield B. P. Seymour 

Darrell K. G. R. Hallam (Until Christmas) 

C. R. Terceira (After Christmas) 

Saltus H. H. Outerbridge 

Watlington H. B. Crisson 



Additional Prefects: 

C. E. Woollard 

D. H. Harrison 
C. R. Diel 



W. P. McBeath 
J. Vivian 
D. Lawrey 



G. Robinson 
D. M. Skinner 



Librarians: 

D. Lawrey 



Skiffington 



Editorial 



This year we are going to press on the eve of what may be 
great changes in the School. It is possible that some of the 
younger members of the Staff may take the opportunity to con- 
tinue their studies abroad. At the same time many wartime re- 
strictions have already been abrogated, and, as time goes on, more 
will follow. Thus the next year may see the start of some of the 
development which has been foreshadowed. 

When such change and development are in the air. We are sure 
that our readers, young and old, will be interested in the reminis- 
cences of the Rev. E. A. Annett, who was one of the original pupils 
of the School. As the S.G.S. grows, as much, we hope, in its in- 
fluence as in its size, those responsible may take pleasure and, 
perhaps, pride in considering how great a matter has been kindled 
by the little fire in the Pembroke Sunday School more than fifty 
years ago. 

After V. E. Day 

It seems to me that the heading "After V.E. Day" is this year 
entirely suitable for my contribution to the Saltus Year Book; 
May 8th marked an epochal moment in the history of the School. 
Looking at the Roll of Saltus men, nine in all, who have given their 
lives in the cause of Freedom, we are proud, but we remember the 
anxiety that has constantly been present throughout the years of 
the war in Europe ; looking at the list of decorations won by Saltus 
men, twelve in all so far, we naturally feel proud that the contri- 
bution of so comparatively small and remote a School has been so 
great. "V.E. Day" did not lessen our pride, but it has relieved 
some at any rate of the sense of anxiety and given us hope for 
eventual Peace soon. 

The School itself has, by great good fortune and some careful 
management, survived these critical years remarkably well; we 
have, in fact, maintained our Staff and our standards more con- 
sistently than many far more famous Schools in England and else- 
where have been able to do. The memories of valuable and dili- 
gent service given to Saltus by members of the Staff during the 
war years will long be affectionately cherished by all of us. 

I have said all along that, in my opinion, our time of hardest 
work and most difficulties to be overcome might arrive in the 
transition or post-war period; naturally I hope not, but it is possible. 
However that may be, I feel that we at Saltus can view the im- 
mediate past with justifiable satisfaction and thankfulness, and the 
future with confidence. 



R. E. E. B. 



Empire Day 



As usual, our Empire Day celebrations took place on May 
23rd. This year the address was delivered by Vice-Admiral Sir 
Irvine Glennie, K.C.B., Senior British Naval Officer, Western 
Atlan,tic. He was accompanied by Lady Glennie, Commander 
Oswin and the Flag-Lieutenant, Lieut. Russell Flint. Mrs. Leon 
Powell was present to represent the LO.D.E., by whose efforts the 
celebration of Empire Day was instituted and has since been largely 
maintained in these Islands. 

On his arrival the Admiral inspected the Cadet Guard of 
Honour drawn up on the parade ground under the command of 
Lieut. H. C. E. Masters, B.C.C. Later he attended the Empire 
Day Service in the School Hall and afterwards addressed the 
assembled School. 

He told the boys not to believe anyone who said that their 
fathers had made an unholy mess of the world; they should all 
rather try to understand what had been attempted, how much of 
that had been attained and what was their responsibility in carry- 
ing on that work. 

Criticism was constantly being aimed at the Empire, chiefly 
by those whose knowledge was least accurate, but, in spite of that, 
it was recognized over a large part of the world and by vast num- 
bers of people as the most potent force in the world on the side of 
freedom, combined with obedience to the law. As evidence of 
this, the Admiral reminded us that twelve years after the end of 
the Boer War, South Africa was fighting on our side in the First 
World War. Moreover, four hundred million people in India 
depended for their security and welfare on the organizing ability 
of little more than one hundred and fifty thousand whites. There 
were two million Indian volunteers serving in the army of the 
King-Emperor, and as many more could be enrolled if the officers 
and equipment were available. All these men were proud of this 
service. 

Mistakes had naturally been made; no one was infallible. 
^ But, for all that, the British Empire was the most successfully 
operated League of Nations that the world had yet known, and it 
was up to all British people to carry out their responsibilities and 
to do their utmost to maintain that Empire as the strongest force 
for good in a rapidly changing world. 

The Admiral concluded his speech by saying that he had 
prevailed on the Headmaster to grant a half-holiday that after- 
noon. 



6 

Saltus Old Boys Association 



The following were elected as Officers and (Vjmmittee of 
Management of the Association at the Annual Cjeneral jVieeting 
held on January 26th, 1945:— 

President — T. W, P. Vesey. 
Vice-President — William Frith. 
Secretary-Treasurer — Duncan A. Gosling. 

Committee of Management — 



Stanley Gascoigne, 

R. H. MuUin, 

Arthur Butterfield, 

H. St. George Butterfield, 

Leon Barnes, 

Robert Thompson. 



During the year the deaths of the following Old Boys of the 
School have been recorded : — 

On Active Service: Pte. Allison W. B: Fowle, B.V.R.C. 

Flight-Lieut. William Warfield, R.A.F. 



The death of Lieut. -Col. Dill had a special significance for 
Saltus Grammar School. The full story of his greatness in the pub- 
lic life of the Colony has already been told in the Press, and we can 
add little or nothing to that. He was one of the early scholars and 
maintained a keen interest in the School and its affairs all his life. 
For some years he was a Trustee and delivered the first Founder's 
Day Oration when that institution was started in 1935. The text 
of his speech on that occasion was the advice to "Work hard, Play 
hard, Live hard and Die hard." That advice, given in a time of 
peace, when some observers thought that the civilized countries 



Old Boys News 



OBITUARY 



H. R. Outerbridge 

Edward Murphie 

Lieutenant-Colonel T. M. Dill 



18th June, 1944 
20th Dec, 1944 
7th March, 1945 



7 



were becoming soft, has since proved its value, and we believe 
that, terse as it is, little better could be offered to those whose 
character is now being formed. If the School continues to produce 
men of such vigour, it will indeed be serving the Colony well. 



Marriages 

F/0 J. R. Gibbons to Joan Hawes, in England. 

Lieut. Robert Burrows to Nancy Dennis, in Vermont, U.S.A. 

F. /Lieut. J. H. Watlington to Isabel Johnson, in Canada. 

Cpl. Lee Browne to Jean Guthrie, in England. 

Lieut. John Misick to Jean Thomson, in Scotland. 

Stanley Floyd to Lila Hamilton, in Canada. 

H. L. Williams to Hilda Jean Johnson, of Paget, Bermuda. 



P./O. Percy Roach, F./O. J. R. Gibbons, F./Lieut. Alan Win- 
good and Capt. R. M. Gorham, R.A., have all been awarded the 
D.F.C., and Major Glyn Gilbert has been awarded an M.C. He 
has also recently become the father of a son. Congratulations to all 
of them. 

Sgt. Walter Pruden, formerly French Master at S.G.S., who 
was recently with General Patton's U.S. Third Army in Europe, 
has been awarded a Bronze Star. 

Sgt. George Fisher was reported missing, but later was rescued 
from a German prison camp. 

Lieut. Kimball Frith was wounded in action and, almost as soon 
as he had recovered, broke his leg in an accident in England. 

P./O. Lyall Mayor has been promoted Flying Officer. 

John Burland has passed out of H.M.S. St. Vincent, a Fleet 
Air Arm Training Ship. 

0/S John Booker is now serving on H.M.S. Ravager, a train- 
ing Aircraft Carrier. While in England he met Lieut. Goolden, Mr. 
Gorton and Maurice Taylor on several occasions. 

K. G. R. Hallam last summer passed the exam, for Special 
Entry into the Royal Navy, and is now serving on the Training 
Cruiser H.M.S. Frobisher. 

Henry C. Beardsley, when last heard from, was taking a course 
in Aviation Ordnance at the Naval Air Technical Training Centre, 
Memphis, Tennessee. 

Ernest Petty is serving in the Fleet Air Arm of the Royal Navy, 
and his brother, George, is in the Royal Canadian Navy. 



8 



Peter Bridge is serving at sea with the Royal Navy, as also is 
James Cochrane, who is on H.M.S. Berwick. 

F. C. Dale joined the Merchant Navy last December and is 
now Fourth Engineer on S.S. Comedian. 

T. N. Shaw has been in the U.S. Army for about eighteen 
months and is now in the Engineers. He writes that he is taking 
up journalism after the war, and has already made a start at writ- 
ing for the press. 

N. R. Nugent is now in the army in England. 

Howard Malloy graduated from Harvard University with a 
B.S. degree and is now at an Officer Candidate School. His brother 
Edwin, is now a Cadet Midshipman in the U.S. Merchant Marine, 
Cadet Corps. He writes that he has made several trips to England, 
and has seen David Montague, who, we are very sorry to hear, has 
been crippled for life in an accident. 

M. C. Misick has won an Open Scholarship in History at 
Brasenose College, Oxford. 

A. C. H. Hallett has won the Duke of Wellington Scholarship 
in Mathematics and the Pat Strathy Memorial Scholarship in 
Physics at Toronto University. 

Brian Tovey has won an Exhibition to St. Edmund Hall, 
Oxford, where he rows for his College. 

Arthur Motyer has graduated from Mount Allison University 
with a B.A. degree. He obtained First Class Honours. 

Peter Brooks has now left Epsom College, where he gained the 
Higher Certificate and his School Colours for Hurdling. He is 
training for the army. 

Seymour Greenman is now at McGill University where he is 
studying Medicine. But his letters seem to be chiefly concerned 
with advanced courses in English Literature. 

Letters have also been received from D. L. Spurling, at Mount 
Allison, Hugh Smith, at St. Andrew's College, Peter Goldsmith 
and David Stokes, at Charterhouse School, Peter Bishop, at 
Winchester School, and E. B. Crichton at Andover. They all 
seem to be doing well and enjoying life, and they maintain a flat- 
tering interest in the S.G.S. 

F./Lieut. Jack Pitt, F./Lieut. J. H. Watlington, F./O. H. F. 
Watlington, P./O. Percy Roach, P/0.. Fred Adderley, P./O. 
James McLay, P./O. E. Benevides, F./Sgt. T. J. Wadson have all 
been in Bermuda on leave in the last few months and have visited 
the School. 

At the moment of going to press, we have heard that Lieut. 
D. C. A. Goolden, formerly French Master here and later A.D.C. 
to H.E. the Governor, is engaged to be married to Miss Rosemary 
Lowther, of Forest Row, Sussex, England. We extend to him our 
warmest congratulations. 



9 

Early Days of Saltus 

Rev. E. A. Annett 

It has been suggested that I might set down a few facts con- 
cerning the earliest years of the Saltus Grammar School. My chief 
qualification for this is that I have been away from the Islands for 
fifty-two years, after having spent some three years as a scholar 
of the School. Coming back among old places and old faces, it is 
easier for me to recall things as they were just at that period of 
time than for those to whom those particular years were merely 
a part of a long and continuous experience. And then, too, I have 
made it my aim to talk it over with all I could find who were my 
school-fellows in 1889-1892; and thus I have secured a composite 
view including information regarding the School before I joined it 
in 1889. 

It is a fact worth noticing that out of the sixty or seventy 
boys of the School in its first years, no less than twenty are at 
present alive and well in these Islands. Their names may be of 
interest: F. Goodwin Gosling, Harry Dunkley, Reginald Triming- 
ham, William M. Conyers, Reginald Conyers, Stanley S. Spurling, 
Edward H. Tucker, Harry Lockward, George Gorham, A. Hutch- 
ings Frith, Archie Talbot, Ernest Astwood, Thomas Doe, Reginald 
Ingham, Cobham Peniston, Spencer Joel, Ashley Watlington, 
Ernest Darrell and Edward A. Annett. Beside these whom I have 
found to be in Bermuda just now, there are several who are living 
overseas — Oliver C. Spurling, Charles Graham, H. Outerbridge, 
Daniel Hinson, Clarence Hutchings and Clifford Peniston. 

The Saltus Grammar School began its course in the year 1887. 
It was not the first attempt made in Bermuda at regular secondary 
education. The first school of the kind was, I believe, Devonshire 
College, which was built with Government assistance in the early 
part of the nineteenth century. The "college" had a chequered 
history and eventually went on the rocks. The property was sold 
at the instruction of the Government, and the Mental Hospital is 
housed today in the original buildings, which have been much en- 
larged. The money realised by the sale was divided into two parts, 
one being placed in the hands of trustees for the provision of a new 
school for boys of white families, and the other half for a school or 
college for coloured boys. The trustees who were to found a school 
for white boys purchased the Woodlands estate for the purpose. 

Meanwhile, two other schools were doing good work; Whitney 
Institute and Warwick Academy, though, so far as I can ascertain, 
with little to offer those seeking a High School education. It is 
probably true that, except for sporadic coaching given to individu- 
als at the schools run by Messrs. Clay, Oudney and Henry Hallett, 
there was little opportunity for either boys or girls to get advanced 
teaching. 



10 



About the year 1885 feeling was strong that a fresh attempt 
should be made for the founding of a school likely to prove more 
thorough and enduring than the unfortunate Devonshire College, 
and further financial help was by this time in sight. A short time 
before, a Mr. Saltus, a merchant and ship-owner, had left a con- 
siderable sum of money for a school for white boys to be situated in 
Pembroke Parish. This amounted to a nominal £12,800 invested 
in Consols, which, however, then stood at far below par value. The 
executors and trustees of Mr. Saltus, Messrs. Henry and Richard 
Darrell, decided to use the money for a school that should be called 
the Saltuis Grammar School, and succeeded in coming to a happy 
agreement with the Devonshire College trustees. Between them 
they decided to try the project out in a temporary building before 
committing themselves to a permanent scheme. The Saltus 
Trustees sold out their Consols and by investing the money in 
island mortgages were able to nurse it up to its original figure of 
£12,800, and to provide a substantial yearly income for the new 
school and for scholarships in it for poorer boys. They agreed to 
rent the Pembroke Sunday School for the purpose, a hall on Angle 
Street composed at that time of a single large room. 

The next step was to secure a headmaster, and the Committee 
were fortunate enough to induce Mr. Thomas Waddington to 
come out from England for the purpose. It was for him a plunge 
in the dark, for there was as yet not only no school building, but 
no school; and the work would have to be built up from the very 
foundations. Fortunately, the co-operation of the two sets of 
trustees gave a measure of financial stabiHty to the project. But 
when all is said, it was certainly a brave step on the part of Mr. 
Waddington. 

The services of a young assistant were enlisted, a Mr. Callis, 
and on the opening day about thirty boys turned up for school. 
One of them tells of the awkward group they formed as they stood 
irresolutely at the door of the Sunday School building. At last 
one of them, F. Goodwin Gosling, determined to enter and thus was 
actually the first Saltus scholar enrolled. Others of that shy group 
were, I am told, E. H. Tucker, R. Dunkley, G. Gorham and R. 
Trimingham. Their number was soon increased and the Sunday 
School hall was filled to capacity. The total at any one time prob- 
ably never exceeded seventy-five and may have been rather less 
than that. Of these all were Bermudians except three or four Eng- 
lish boys of military families, and three or four from the U.S.A. and 
the West Indies. It was exceedingly difificult to find accommoda- 
tion for them all. The stage was used by the Headmaster as an 
ofifice in those rare moments when he was not actually teaching, 
and there were also classes going on there at the same time. There 
was no room for them elsewhere. The body of the Hall was oc- 
cupied with desks and a small space for classes of the younger boys. 



11 



How Mr. Waddington and his assistant managed to keep going 
all the classes for boys ranging from seven years to nineteen was 
known only to themselves. And yet the work was done, and not 
at all badly. Discipline was naturally difficult, but except for 
special moments of trouble such as come to all schools, it was fairly 
maintained. 

Mr. Callis stayed only for about two years and then was suc- 
ceeded by another young man, a hot-headed and inexperienced 
Irishman named Joyner. With so little assistance, it was only 
the indefatigable energy of the Headmaster and his genius for his 
work that made progress possible, and he was well backed up by 
the boys, with whom he was popular. He had almost a genius for 
teaching, being able to turn from Greek or Latin or French to 
mathematics, history, geography, chemistry or other subjects. 
He was truly a versatile man. In the management of the school 
he was strict, but seldom unfair; indeed, he might in measure have 
deserved the encomium paid to the great Arnold of Rugby — "a, 
beast, but a just beast!" He was lame and always walked with a 
stick; and we used to reckon him as a reliable barometer, for when 
he stroked or rubbed his lame leg, we knew that stormy weather 
lay ahfead! In spite of his lameness, he was a good cricketer, the 
best in the School. 

Among the difficulties of those early days was the fact that a 
number of the boys enrolled had grown up with little or no school- 
ing, so that there were quite big fellows among us who were very 
backward in scholastic development. And also, it must be ack- 
nowledged that an unusually large proportion were not inclined 
to do any serious work, filling consistently the lowest seats of every 
class, and even glorying in the fact that they had no intention of 
learning. 

We had no playground. A Sports Ground was found in a 
field in Devonshire — ''Tucker's Field" — almost a mile and a half 
from the School, a Sabbath day's journey to reach. Most of our 
play was done on the triangular patch of grass at the intersection 
of the roads outside the school. The triangle still remains there 
today, enclosed now by a fence but considerably cut down in ex- 
tent. And then over the high wall alongside was a small piece of 
land, the corner of the Tucker estate, which we used for games. 
I do not think there was any formal permission for this, but neither 
were we ever turned out of it. Georgie Tucker, to whose family 
it belonged, was one of us and as soon as classes were dismissed, 
there was a wild scurry for this "playground," and the cry was 
"last man over the wall!" 

The only other outlet for superabundant energies was the marsh 
close by, where we used to disport ourselves in pole-jumping over 
the ditches. It was risky because of the deep mud in those water- 
ways in which the pole acted erratically. We always lived in the 



12 



hope that someone would fail to get across and slither down the 
pole into the water and mud; and our hopes were not infrequently 
realised. It was believed that occasionally some wilfully took a 
ducking in order to be sent home for the day and to miss some 
dreaded class. 

*Robinson's Tuck Shop was close by the school, and since in 
those days bicycles were not in existence and we all had to walk to 
school, almost everyone stayed around for the lunch period. Some 
of us had to cover two or three miles to get to school. An unwritten 
law was that each boy had threepence and no more provided for 
his lunch, and for that modest sum we could get a roll and butter, 
or two slices of rye bread and butter;** and also a cocoanut cake 
or two bananas. The younger boys had to manage, I believe, on 
twopence. But were they not good lunches ! Some of us have never 
forgotten them in all the years since. 

The great event of the year was the Annual Sports, and I still 
have in England the programmes of events of those occasions which 
occurred during my time at Saltus. We had some very good ath- 
letes among us, and the School Sports Day was a date of some im- 
portance for the whole Colony. 

In scholarship we worked for the Cambridge Local Examina- 
tions, and Oliver Cromwell and I had the privilege of being the 
first to sit for the Senior Cambridge in Bermuda. We both suc- 
ceeded in passing, and not badly, I am glad to say. 

We, Old Salts as we might be called, look back with affection 
and some pride to our Old School. It was Education under Diffi- 
culties, assuredly. Life around us was quieter and less exciting 
than it is now. Living was cheap and the population was smaller. 
Agricultural tasks were the chief activities of the Islands, though 
Bermuda was renowned for the building of cedarwood ships. The 
Sir George Seymour was the best known of these. 

But things were moving on even then. The arrival at Ireland 
Island of the first floating dock was a great occasion; and the in- 
stallation of the Trans-Atlantic cable a momentous step forward. 
The Colony may have been not so prosperous, but it was at least 
as happy as it is now, a friendly place where everyone knew and 
greeted everyone else. 

It was in such circumstances that the Saltus Grammar School 
began its life. Its wider history started in 1893, when it moved to 
new quarters built on the Woodlands estate; but that is beyond 
the period to which these notes belong. 

(Signed) EDWARD A. ANNETT. 

* Robinson's Tuck Shop. 
Known to Bermuda boys as Lumley Robinson's Grocery Store. 

** A half loaf of rye bread and butter was referred to as a half loaf of dun- 
garee and a ha'penny's worth of lining. 



13 



School Notes 

Last year an innovation was introduced into the Founder's 
Day ceremony. The morning arrangements remained the same, 
but, instead of the Old Boys' Luncheon being held at mid-day, 
only a sandwich luncheon was provided in the School Hall at that 
time and a Dinner was held in the New Windsor Hotel at eight 
o'clock. This arrangement proved to be a great success. The 
cricket matches could start a good deal earlier, and there was time 
after the dinner for certain members of the Old Boys' Committee 
to go round the tables with pens ready primed and cheque books 
open, encouraging the diners to contribute to the Gymnasium 
Fund. They collected £293 in this way. We understand that the 
same procedure is to be followed this year (including the collection 
afterwards?). 

During the year we have been treated to more lectures than 
usual, we believe. A list of speakers and topics follows: 

Major Whitelock, G.S.O. H, on Paratroops. 

Mr. John Critchley, on The Battle of Jutland. 

Colonel J. L. Sleeman, on The St. John Ambulance Brigade, of 
which he is Chief Commissioner (Overseas). 

Mr. Ford Baxter, Assistant Editor of The Royal Gazette and 
Colonist Daily, on Journalism as a Career. 

Miss Edith Heyl, on Old Bermuda. 

Mr. W. W. Davidson, Assistant Colonial Secretary, on The 
Government of Bermuda. 

Lieut. Russell Flint, Flag-Lieutenant to Sir Irvine Glennie, 
on A Naval Action off Malaya. 

Dr. C. E. K. Mees, Director of Research and Vice-President 
of the Eastman Kodak Company, on Prospects for Scientists in 
Industry. 

Rev. Eustace Strong, Rector of Pembroke, on St. George's 
Day. 

An account of Major Whitelock's lecture is printed elsewhere 
in this Year Book. 

Two very successful dances have been held in the School Hall, 
the first on Thursday, Dec. 21st, and the second, a Cadet Dance, 
on Friday, March 23rci. 

Through the generosity of Admiral Braisted, U.S.N. , we are 
now the possessors of a frame building which will, after it has re- 
ceived the necessary coats of paint and a few minor alterations, we 
believe, become a quite attractive Cricket Pavilion. It was trans- 
ferred here from the Base by the united efforts of the U.S. Navy 
and Mr. Sidney Spurling, a formidable combination, while Mr. 
Seymour persuaded the Electric Light Company to lend us the 
necessary trolley, or however else it should be described, to render 
the building locomotive. 



14 



On May 28th, C.S.M. Outerbridge, Sgts. Terceira and Wool- 
lard and Cpls. Harrison and Vivian were conducted on a tour of 
Fort Bell. We understand that they spent an interesting and 
instructive day and were very hospitably entertained. 

Once again the Cambridge Exam, results are late in arriving 
and we do not know what happened in the 1944 exam. In the 1943 
exam, the following passed: — P. Goldsmith, H. C. Beardsley, D. L. 
Spurling, F. G. Williams, M. D. Taylor. 

Rumours of the collapse of Germany had been rife in the 
School all through Monday, May 7th. But almost a full attend- 
ance took place on the morning of Tuesday to hear the formal 
pronouncement of V-E Day. A short service of Thanksgiving was 
conducted by the Headmaster, and then at ten o'clock Mr. Church- 
ill's speech was heard in part through a loudspeaker in the Plall. 
After that the School was dismissed until Thursday morning. 

With the establishment of a proper Bursary in the school 
building the Trustees have found it convenient to transfer their 
office here. The new Secretary -Treasurer is Mrs. J. H. Watlington, 
whose long connection with the S.G.S. (her three sons have all been 
pupils here) has made her a familiar figure to all the members of 
the Staff and to many of the boys. We are very glad to welcome so 
old a friend. Temporarily, however, we have been deprived of her 
services owing, first to a trip to Canada, to be present at the wed- 
ding of her eldest son, John Hartley, and secondly to a bout of ill- 
health. In her place we were lucky to obtain the assistance of 
Mrs. Janet Moore, whose daughter, Janet, married Hubert Wat- 
lington; we are very glad to have Mrs. Moore with us and hope 
that she does not find our demands too exacting. 



Football 

The School had quite a good team in Football last season, the 
chief weakness being in the defence. Most of these players were 
new to the 1st XI. and considering that they were usually compet- 
ing with experienced footballers, they performed quite well. The 
attack was well balanced and combined well, but, except for one 
or two occasions, it lacked determination to push home its ad- 
vantage. 

Of the ten matches played, the 1st XI won three, drew two 
and lost five. 

The Junior League XI again did well, winning five out of six 
of their matches and drawing the other game, thus retaining the 
B.S.S.A. trophy for another year. They possessed a well balanced 
team, the defence being particularly strong. It conceded only one 
goal in all matches. 



15 



In the House Competitions Darrell won the Senior and Junior 
Shields both terms, although in the Easter term their Junior House 
team had some difficulty in asserting their superiority as there 
were several replays due to drawn games. 

Results 



18/10/44 


1st XI V. Admiralty House 


1- 


-6 


Lost 


Home 


6/11/44 


1st XI V. B.A.A 


4- 


-3 


Won 


Home 


10/11/44 


1st XI V. Dockyard Apprentices 


7- 


-3 


Won 


Home 


16/11/44 


1st XI V. Overseas League 


3- 


-3 


Draw 


Home 


27/11/44 


1st XI V. Admiralty House 


3- 


-6 


Lost 


Home 


26/ 1/45 


1st XI V. Overseas League 


2- 


-3 


Lost 


Home 


1/ 2/45 


1st XI V. Old Boys 


2- 


-2 


Draw 


Home 


6/ 2/45 


1st XI V. Pictou Highlanders 


1- 


-5 


Lost 


Home 


22/ 2/45 


1st XI V. Old Boys 


10-2 


Won 


Home 


23/ 2/45 


1st XI V. Admiralty House 2nd.. 


2- 


-4 


Lost 


Home 


8/12/44 


3rd XI V. St. George's G.S 


4- 


-0 


Won 


Home 


22/ 1/45 


Junior League v. Whitney Ins.... 


1- 


-0 


Won 


Home 


24/ 1/45 


Junior League v. St. George's. . 


3- 


-0 


Won 


Away 


29/ 1/45 


Junior League v. Dellwood 


2- 


-0 


Won 


Home 


20/ 2/45 


Junior League v. Whitney Ins.... 


0-0 


Draw 


Away 


24/ 2/45 


Junior League v. St. George's. 


4- 


-0 


Won 


Home 


27/ 2/45 


Junior League v. Dellwood 


6- 


-1 


Won 


Away 



House Matches 

Christmas Term, 1944 



Senior : 




Junior: 




Darrell v. Watlington 


15-1 


Watlington v. Saltus 


1-0 


Butterfield v. Saltus 


1-0 


Darrell v. Butterfield 


1-0 


Saltus V. Watlington 


1-0 


Saltus V. Butterfield 


1-0 


Darrell v. Butterfield 


3-0 


Darrell v. Watlington.. 


2-0 




Easter Term, 1945 




Senior : 




Junior : 




Darrell v. Watlington 


9-0 


Darrell v. Butterfield 


1-0 


Butterfield v. Saltus 


1-0 


Saltus V. Watlington 


1-0 


WatHngton v. Saltus 


1-0 


Watlington v. Butterfield 


3-0 


Darrell v. Butterfield 


8-0 


Darrell v. Saltus 


3-2 



16 



Cricket 

Last season the School had quite a useful 1st XI at cricket, 
there being several promising batsmen and bowlers, and the fielding 
of the side was as good as, if not better than, any we have ever had. 
Altogether, they played four matches, winning two, drawing one 
and losing the other. The chief feature of the matches they won 
was that the scores were very low, and they won by a very narrow 
margin, which kept spectators and players extremely excited up to 
the last ball bowled. 

The Staff and 1st XI also won both matches which they played, 
including the all-day game against the R.A.F. which was instituted 
the previous year. This was a very enjoyable event and it is to be 
hoped that this all-day game is now a permanent fixture for the 
School. 

In the matches on Founder's Day, the 1st XI just managed 
to eke out a draw against the Old Boys whilst the 2nd XI were de- 
feated. 

The Senior House Matches showed what can happen and often 
does happen in cricket — namely a mediocre team defeats a good 
team. Butterfield House, with only one member of the 1st XI in 
its team, defeated both Darrell and Saltus to win the Cricket Shield 
— a very creditable performance. However, in the Junior House 
Matches, they lost in the final to Saltus but then only by a margin 
of three runs. 

Results 



19/5/44 


1st XI V. Staff 


63-123 for 5 wkts. 


Lost 


Home 


5/6/44 


1st XI V. R.A.F 


44-40 


Won 


Home 


8/6/44 


1st XI V. Admiralty 










House 


78-76 


Won 


Home 


15/6/44 


1st XI V. Old Boys. ... 


67 for 9 wkts- 124.. 


Lost 


Home 


15/6/44 


2nd XI V. Old Boys... 


83-115 


Lost 


Home 


23/6/44 


1st XI and Staff v. 










Admiralry House. .. 


90 for 6wkts.-34.... 


Won 


Home 


27/6/44 


1st XI and Staff v. 








R.A.F 


170-88 


Won 


Home 




House 


Matches 




Summer 


Term, 1944 






Senior : 




Junior : 







Butterfield v. Darrell ... 87-32 Saltus v. Watlington 64-30 

Saltus V. Watlington. .. 109-34 Butterfield v. Darrell 61-27 

Darrell v. Watlington. 90-84 Watlington v. Darrell 47-29 

Butterfield v. Saltus 74-55 Saltus v. Butterfield 91-88 



17 



Athletics 

The Field and Track Sports held this year on March 22nd 
proved interesting and keenly contested. 

During the last four years, the best performances have usually 
been noted in the Field events, but this year the emphasis was on 
the Track races. Eleven new records were established and another 
tie, all in the running events. 

There were three new events in the programme this year: — ■ 
Throwing the Javelin 50 3^ards Old Boys under 30 years, and 50 
yards handicap Old Boys over 30 years. These were all very popu- 
lar and undoubtedly will have a permanent place in the list of 
events. 

The Senior Point Cup was won by D. H. Harrison and he was 
appointed Captain of Athletics. G. S. Nelson was the winner of 
the Junior Point Cup. 

In the Senior House Competition, Butterfield won the Shield 
whilst the Junior Shield went to Darrell House. 

Results of the Athletic Sports 

GROUP A— Boys under 10 years 

Long Jump — 1 J. R. H. Patterson, 2 M. H. Bleecker. Distance: 

10 ft. ins. 

50 Yard Dash.— 1 J. R. H. Patterson, 2 M. H. Bleecker. Time: 
81/5 sees. 

100 Yards Dash.— 1 J. R. H. Patterson, 2 D. E. W. Archdale. 
Time: 153^ sees. 

GROUP B— Boys 10 to 11 years 

Half-mile Road Race.— 1 R. S. L. Pearman, 2 A. R. Marsh- 
man. Time : 3 mins. 3 sees. 

Long Jump.— 1 V. M. Ford, 2 M. N. Minugh. Distance: 

11 ft. 11 ins. 

High Jump. — I N. S. Maconochie, 2 R. S. L. Pearman. Height: 
3 ft. 11 ins. 

100 Yards Dash.— 1 V. M. Ford, 2 D. A. Nelson. Time: . 
13 2/5 sees. (New School record.) 

220 Yard Dash.— 1 V. M. Ford, 2 D. A. Nelson. Time: 
32 1/5 sees. (New School record.) 

GROUP C— Boys 11 years to 13 years 

Three-quarter Mile Road Race.— 1 W. O. N. Cooper, 2 D. R. 
Barnes. Time : 4 mins. 333^ sees. 



18 



Long Jump. — 1 R. G. Doe, 2 T. B. Oatham. Distance: 12 ft. 
9 ins. 

High Jump.— 1 N. B. Dill, 2 H. C. Anfossi. Height: 3 ft 
ll}/2 ins. 

100 Yards Dash.— 1 T. B. Oatham, 2 E. L. Minugh. Time: 

14 1/5 sees. 

220 Yards Dash.— 1 N. B. Butterfield, 2 T. M. Collis. Time: 
32 sees. 

Quarter Mile.— 1 J. C. Astwood, 2 T. M. Collis. Time: 

I min. 9 3/5 sees. (New Sehool reeord.) 

GROUP D.— Boys 13 years to 15 years 

One Mile Road Raee.— 1 E. A. Hutt, 2 R. Sayers. Time: 5 
mins. 48 3/5 sees. 

Half-mile.— 1 E. A. Hutt, 2 J. T. Fall. Time: 2 mins. 38 3/5 

sees. 

Quarter Mile.— 1 C. F. Martin, 2 J. T. Fall. Time: 1 min. 
4 4/5 sees. (New Sehool reeord.) 

220 Yards.— 1 G. S. Nelson, 2 R. Sayers. Time: 271^ sees. 

100 Yards Dash.— 1 G. S. Nelson, 2 C. F. Martin. Time: 
113/5 sees. (New Sehool reeord.) 

Long Jump. — 1 C. F. Martin, 2 D. A. GosHng and J. T. 
Critehley. Distance: 16 ft. 6 ins. 

High Jump. — 1 D. A. Fisher, 2 J. T. Critehley. Height: 
4 ft. 7 ins. 

120 Yards Hurdles.— 1 G. S. Nelson, 2 J. T. Critehley. Time: 
20 2/5 sees. (Equals Sehool reeord.) 

GROUP E.— Boys over 15 Years 

Two Mile Road Raee.— 1 D. H. Harrison, 2 G. H. Leseur. 
Time: 11 mins. 32 3/5 sees. 

One Mile. — 1 D. H. Harrison, 2 G. H. Leseur. Time: 5 mins. 
113/5 sees. (New Sehool reeord.) 

Half-mile. — 1 D. H. Harrison, 2 G. H. Leseur. Time: 2 mins. 

15 3/5 sees. (New Sehool reeord.) 

One-quarter Mile. — 1 D. H. Harrison, 2 C. E. Woollard. 
Time: 59J^ sees. 

220 Yards.— 1 D. M. Skinner, 2 C. E. Woollard. Time: 
25 3 /5 sees. 

100 Yards Dash.— 1 D. M. Skinner, 2 C. E. Woollard. Time: 

II 2/5 sees. 

120 Yard Hurdles.— 1 C. E. Woollard, 2 C. R. Diel. Time: 
19 sees. (New Sehool reeord.) 

Long Jump. — 1 D. H. Harrison, 2 C. E. Woollard. Distance: 
18 ft. 



19 



High Jump— 1 B. P. Seymour, 2 D. S. R. Smith. Height : 
5 ft. lYi ins. 

GROUP E.— Boys over 15 Years (Continued) 

Standing Long Jump. — 1 B. P. Seymour, 2 C. R. Diel. Dis- 
tance: 8 ft. X^Yi ins. 

Putting the Shot. — 1 R. H. Petty, 2 B. P. Seymour. Distance: 
28 ft. 11 ins. 

Throwing the JaveHn. — 1 C. R. Diel, 2 B. P. Seymour. Dis- 
tance: 90 ft. 6 ins. 

50 Yard Dash, Old Boys under 30.— 1 H. C. E. Masters, 2 
2, P. N. Spurling. Time: 6 1/5 sees. 

50 Yard Dash, Old Boys over 30.— 1 H. M. Cooper, 2 S. 
Gascoigne. Time: 6 2/5 sees. 

Standing Long Jump, Old Boys.— 1 P. N. Spurling, 2 H. C. E. 
Masters. Distance: 8 ft. 9 ins. 

Sack Race. — 1 R. Sayers, 2 J. F. Vivian. 

Senior Inter House Relay. — 1 Watlington, 2 Darrell. Time: 

1 min. 50 sees. (New School record.) 

School vs. Old Boys. — 1 Old Boys. Time: 1 min. 41 3/5 sees. 
(New School record.) 

Junior Inter House Relay. — 1 Butterfield and WatUngton, 

2 Saltus and Darrell. Time: 2 mins. 10 4/5 sees. (New School 
record.) 

Boot Race: 1 T. K. Shanks, 2 W. B. Gray. 

Senior House results. — 1 Butterfield, 2 Watlington and Dar- 
rell. 

Junior House results. — 1 Darrell, 2 Watlington. 
Senior Point Cup. — D. Harrison. 
Junior Point Cup. — G. S. Nelson. 
Captain of Athletics. — D. H. Harrison. 

a Role in the B. S. A. 
Athletic Sports 

This year the School turned in a very fine performance in the 
Inter-School Sports. We won no less than nineteen event Trophies 
and four Group Cups. In the first four groups we took all but two 
events, making a clean sweep of Groups B and D. The school 
set seven new records through the efforts of Martin, who increased 
the Group C Long Jump distance to 16 ft. 5 ins. and won the 220 
Yards in the record time of 27.4 seconds; Harrison, who lowered 
his own Group D Half Mile record time of last year to 2 mins. 15.4 
sees.; Skinner, who brought the Group D 220 Yards time down to 
25.6 seconds; Minugh 1, whose time for the 75 Yards in Group B 



20 



was 10.4 seconds; the Group B Relay team of Doe, Minugh 1, 
Ford, and Nelson 3, whose time of M)A seconds was a record; and 
the Group D Relay team of Harrison, Skinner, Nelson 1, anrl F^all, 
which made a record time over 440 yards of 50.6 seconds. Other 
individual winners were Lawton, Marshman 2, Doe, Gox, Critchley, 
Smith 1, and WooUard 1, the last-mentioned being the lone Group 
E victor, who captured the 440 Yards. Considering that they were 
competing with eight other schools, the School did do a very credit- 
able job! 

H. C. E. M. 

Boxing 

The annual competition for the Cox Shield took place on Fri- 
day, March 9th. His Excellency the Governor, who presented the 
shield to Skinner on behalf of Watlington, the winning House, is a 
Steward of Appeal of the British Boxing Board of Control, and 
consequently a spectator whose criticism and appreciation are both 
to be valued. In his speech after the fights His Excellency stressed 
the value in after life of learning to keep one's temper while fighting 
hard, and added that Boxing was one of the oldest and most British 
of all sports and that it was very satisfying to see that it was being 
kept up in the finest spirit. "There were no bad fights," he said. 
Saitus boxers should take that to heart. The standard of boxing 
here has been praised in the last few years by a number of people 
who know what they are talking about, and it is a tradition to be 
proud of, certainly, but, even more, to do one's best to maintain, 
especially at a time when there is the temptation to imitate more 
showy and flashy methods, which may excite the applause of those 
spectators who know little of the game, but would have little value 
in a real scrap. 

Much of the praise for the high standard of the performances 
this year must be given to Mr. Masters. During the winter he 
regularly gave instruction in boxing in gym periods. For the last 
week or two before the competition a practice ring was set up on the 
field, and in future this can go up much earlier. Thus we shall no 
longer pray every morning for a month in the presence of the ring. 

At last, through the generosity of the Saitus Old Boys Associa- 
tion and the energy of Mr. Gascoigne and a number of devoted 
labourers from among the boys, my dream of recent years has come 
true. The ring was on the stage. I rather doubt whether Mr. 
Cjascoigne knew, when he started, the labour required. The stage 
slopes down to the front and is not deep enough to accommodate 
a ring within its own limits. This necessitated the construction of 
an eighteen foot square of flooring, which projected some six feet 
in front of the stage and had to be raised at least a foot above it. 
We were afraid at first that something might collapse during the 



21 



fights, but that fear was not reaHzed; in fact, we only discovered 
how very solidly the structure had been made when we tried to dis- 
mantle it the next day. That was seme job. But it did mean that 
nearly double the number of seats could be sold and that everyone 
who came had a reasonable view. 

There was another innovation this year. Mr. Jack Critchley 
has given us a handsome cup to be presented annually to the best 
boxer, irrespective of age or weight. This should ^e an incentive to 
the younger boxers to learn the art thoroughly, instead of relying on 
brute force. This year the cup was won by Harrison, certainly a 
worthy winner. 

It has now become the regular practice to fight all the pre- 
liminaries on the Monday previous to the finals. Ln both occasions 
the officials were: Referee, Major B. T. Johnson, F:./^ .O.C.; Judges, 
Capt. Harold Lvans and Sgt. Todd, B.V.R.C.; timekeeper, Cpl. 
Mulder. Our thanks are due to them for without their aid the 
fights could not go on. In this connection we owe a special debt of 
gratitude to Major Johnson. He has refereed this competition for 
some years now, not only skilfully, but with a great understanding 
of the special problems involved in juvenile boxing. Le has al- 
ways been ready to advise, when I have needed advice, and his 
criticism, when expressed, has always been constructive. I, per- 
sonally, and Saltus boxing, generally, have learned a great deal 
about boxing and the conduct of competitions from him. It was 
with real regret that we heard that he would not be in Bermuda 
for another competition. 

As His Excellency said, there were no bad fights this year, 
no fights where one looked hopefully at the referee to see if he would 
stop it before murder was done. The judges' scoring papers showed 
some remarkably close decisions, and the losers certainly have noth- 
ing to be ashamed of. In the preliminaries too there had been some 
very close fights and game losers, notably Leach, Nelson iii, and 
Cooke i. 

Once again two lessons were plainly to be learned: first, that 
physical fitness is absolutely necessary; boxing is much more 
strenuous, even for three short rounds, than it seems to the casual 
spectator. Todd ii, at the end of his third round against Pearman, 
literally could not hold his hands up any longer. Pearman won 
this fight because he kept stopping Todd with a straight left, while 
many of Todd's blows were wild swings that hit Pearman on the 
arms or shoulders, a part of the body not included in the target 
area; and this is the second lesson: the only effective way to deal 
with an opponent who rushes at you with swinging blows is to 
stand up to him and hit him with your left hard in the face. But 
you must stand up to him. A blow delivered by a man who is 
retreating loses more than half its sting; it will not stop an opponent 



22 



who is determined to come to close quarters. Besides, if you re- 
treat, sooner or later you will find yourself against the ropes, where 
you will be entirely at the other man's mercy. This superiority 
of the straight blow over a swing was clearly shown in at least three 
of the fights. One has already been mentioned. Besides that one, 
in the first fight of the evening Woollard ii had a considerable 
advantage in reach over Churm, but he fell into the bad habit of 
swinging, and Churm, by using his feet and hitting straight when- 
ever the opportunity offered itself, won a well-deserved victory. 
Hayward, too, tried to duck and come in close with his face wide 
open because his hands were trying to get round outside his oppo- 
nent's guard. Lewis beat him by waiting for him and then upper- 
cutting with his left. 

The fight between Nelson i and Correia was close, Nelson los- 
ing because he went into the ring expecting to be slaughtered. By 
the time that he realised that he had a fighting chance, it was too 
late. We had all been expecting an interesting fight between 
Terceira i and Woollard i, but Woollard lost a tooth early in the 
first round and the fight was stopped. In the last fight of the 
evening Harrison and Skinner put on a very good show. Skinner 
was some pounds heavier and had the advantage in reach. In 
these circumstances he should have kept Harrison at a distance with 
his left. But he did not succeed and Harrison's experience was 
sufficient to let him get in close and win the bout. 

Again the programme was printed at the School by Mr. Welch, 
this year, we believe, almost entirely by his own unassisted efforts. 
Of necessity the names of finalists are not known until the last 
minute, and it is necessary for him to burn the midnight oil so as 
to have the programme ready in time. 

The results follow: — ^Mosquito weight: Churm beat Woollard 
ii. Paper weight: Pearman ii beat Todd ii. Flyweight: Cooper ii 
beat Cooper iv. Bantamweight: Shanks beat Fall ii. Feather- 
weight: Lines i beat Gurr. Lightweight: Hutt beat Critchley. 
Welterweight: Lewis beat Hayward. Middleweight: Correia beat 
Nelson i. Cruiserweight : Terceira i beat Woollard i. Heavyweight : 
Harrison beat Skinner. 

After the fights Harrison was appointed Captain of Boxing, 



S* Swimming 

On Friday, September 22, 1944, the Annual Inter-House 
Swimming Meet was held at the Langton Pool, the use of which 
was provided through the kindness of "Chummy" Hayward. In 



23 



the Senior Shield Competition, Butterfield won with a total of 39 
points, but not without some close competition from Darrell House, 
who collected all of 33 points. These two houses had the Senior 
meet fairly much to themselves since Saltus House, placing third, 
had but 10 points. In the Junior Competition, the meet was ex- 
tremely close. Not until the final race was completed did Butter- 
field House realize that it had nosed out Darrell by a score of 25 
points to Darrell's 243^. Watlington was not far behind with 203^2 
points. 

In the course of the meet, three records were broken. H. 
Lancaster set a new record for the Group C 50 Yards Freestyle 
covering the distance in 31.8 seconds. Also in Group C, G. Nelson 
lowered the time for the 50 Yards Breast-stroke from 41 seconds to 
39.8. Finally, the Darrell House Junior 100 Yard Freestyle Relay 
team of H. Lancaster, C. Lewis, M. Cox and T. Critchley set a new 
record time for the event of 60 seconds flat. 

During this term, the boys have the opportunity to use the 
Princess Swimming Club's Pool on Mondays and Fridays. During 
June we hold the competition for the four Pentathlon Shields for 
individual swimmers. These shields were presented by the Saltus 
Old Boys Association in 1936. The events and standards of the 
competition were drawn up by Mr. Jack King, O.S., and Swimming 
Coach Bill Brooks. This Spring swimming plan encourages the 
boys to get an early start in the season so that by the time that the 
S.G.S. and Inter-School swimming sports are held (i.e. late Sept.) 
they will have had some four or five months' practice and training. 

H. C. E. M. 



Swimming Competition 

GROUP A 

25 Yards Freestyle. — 1 Stone, 2 Trimingham, 3 Nelson iii. 
Time: 19 sees. 

Diving. — 1 Nelson iii, 2 Jacobs and Stone. 

GROUP B 

25 Yards Freestyle. — 1 Allington, 2 N. Cooper, 3 Gibbons. 
Time: 16.4 sees. 

Diving. — 1 Ryan, 2 Whitney and Barnes. 



24 



GROUP C 

50 Yards Freestyle. — 1 Martin, 2 Lancaster, 3 Lewis. Time: 
34.4 sees. 

50 Yards Breaststroke. — 1 Nelson, 2 Martin, 3 Lancaster. 
Time: 40.4 sees. 

25 Yards Backstroke. — 1 Martin, 2 Critchley, 3 Lancaster. 
Time: 19 sees. 

Diving. — 1 Nelson, 2 R. Cooper, 3 Pantry and Critchley. 

GROUP D 

50 Yards Freestyle. — 1 Seymour and Petty, 2 Harrison. Time: 
29 sees. 

50 Yards Breaststroke. — 1 Petty, 2 Vivian, 3 Harrison. Time: 
40.4 sees. 

25 Yards Backstroke. — 1 Seymour, 2 Vivian, 3 Wyatt. Time: 
16.4 sees. 

Diving. — 1 Harrison, 2 Smith, 3 Bray. 

GROUP E 

100 yards Freestyle.— 1 McBeath, 2 Woollard, 3 Robinson. 
Time: 79.3 sees. 100 yards Breaststroke. — 1 Wool- 

lard, 2 McBeath, 3 Hallam. Time: 99 sees. 

200 yards Freestyle. — 1 Robinson, 2 Terceira, 3 Hallam. Time: 

4.07. 

50 yards Backstroke. — 1 McBeath, 2 Terceira, 3 Robinson. 

Diving. — 1 Terceira and Hallam, 3 Woollard. 

Junior 100 yards Freestyle Relay. — 1 Darrell (Lancaster, 
Lewis, Cox and Critchley), 2 Butterfield (Martin, R. Cooper, 
Astwood and N. Cooper), 3 Watlington (Pantry, Hordern, 
Shanks and G. Nelson). Time: 1.06. (New Record.) 

Senior 150 yards Medley Relay. — 1 Butterfield (Seymour, 
Petty and Harrison), 2, Saltus (Smith, Vivian and Gosling), 3 
Darrell (Hallam, Woollard and Terceira). Time: 1.49.2. 

Senior House Shield: 1 Butterfield, 39 points; 2 Darrell, 33 
points; 3 Saltus, 10 points. 

Junior House Shield. — 1 Butterfield, 25 points; 2 Darrell, 
243/^ points; 3 Watlington, 20)^ points. 

Tennis 

The Saltus Tennis Season of 1945 was limited to two sessions. 
First, the Inter-House Competition was played in March during 
the last week of the Easter Term. Each House was represented 
by a team of three singles players and two doubles combinations. 



25 



In the play-offs, Saltus House defeated Watlington, while Darrell 
defeated Butterfield. The finals saw Saltus capture the House 
Shield from Darrell, the winner of last year's competition. Many 
of these matches proved most interesting, particularly in the final 
match in which Robinson managed to outlast Eve. Due to the 
generosity of Sir Howard Trott, we were able to play the finals on 
the Princess Hotel Tennis Courts. 

At the Bermuda Lawn Tennis Stadium on a Saturday morning 
late in April, Messrs. Rogers and Kerry, accompanied by a few of 
the boys, witnessed the defeat of the School Team by the more 
experienced Staff. The School Captain of Tennis, Gosling, was 
defeated by Mr. Masters. Mr. Hallett's serve put Eve back on his 
heels. Mr. Gascoigne ''supermoused" his way to victory over 
Seymour. Miss Smith proved for Skinner that tennis and football 
were quite unalike. Mrs. Trott talked Terceira out of any idea 
of victory on his part. Finally, the Headmaster, feeling that the 
boys were becoming quite demoralized, decided to sacrifice himself 
at the hands of Smith 2. The Staff won two of their doubles 
matches but dropped the third when Smith 2 and Terceira defeated 
Miss Smith and the Headmaster. During this very pleasant affair 
all players were kept fresh by refreshments very generously sup- 
plied by the Headmaster. 

H. C. E. M. 

Gymnastics 

At present the Saltus Grammar School has an enormous 
gymnasium! Where? Why, the Games Field, of course! The 
activities of the gym classes extend beyond those that could be 
held in a gymnasium, and, in fact, include very few of those that 
would be held in such a building. 

Last Fall and up to the time of the Boxing Competition a 
major part of the time in gym classes was taken up by boxing 
instruction and training. The improvement shown in the actual 
Boxing Competition especially among the smaller boys showed 
that we can do something while we are waiting for our future 
gymnasium. Since the boxing, the activities have been confined 
mainly to work on the ''horse" on the field or on the suspended 
rope in the Assembly Hall. The boys have shown great physical 
and co-ordinative improvement in their work with the above 
apparatus. For instance, about ninety-seven per cent of school 
can climb the rope with the use of both their arms and legs, while 
about fifty per cent can do it with the use of their arms alone. All 
in all, we are trying to make the best of what we have on hand, but 
are surely looking forward to the day when the proposed Saltus 
Old Boys' Memorial Gymnasium may be officially opened. 



H. C. E. M. 



26 



Cadets 



The Officers of the Corps at present are: — 

Major T. S. Murdoch, V.D., Commandant. 
Major J. M. Rosewarne, O.C., "A" and ''B" Companies. 
Capt. T. F. F. Wyatt, O.C., "C" Company. 
Lieut. S. Gascoigne, Adjutant. 
Capt. H. J. Hallett Capt. C. Sutton 



S.G.S. Strength: 72. 
C.S.M.: Outerbridge, H. H. 
Sgts. :Terceira, C, Woollard, C. E. 
Cpls.: Harrison, D., Vivian, J. 

L/Cpls. : Anfossi, F. R., Seymour, B. P., Smith, A. G., Crisson, 



The first Corps Church Parade was held on Sunday, Nov. 5th, 
at St. John's Church, Pembroke. The Service was conducted by 
the Rev. Strong, assisted by His Lordship the Bishop and the Rev. 
Bruce Peake. The Lesson was read by His Excellency the Gover- 
nor, Lord Burghley, who was accompanied by his A.D.C., Flight 
Lieut. Litchfield. After the Service His Excellency took the 
Salute at the West Gate of the Church. The Cadets, headed by 
the Cadet Drum and Bugle Band, presented a very smart appear- 
ance as they marched by. This service was acclaimed as a great 
success and will become an annual event of the Bermuda Cadet 
Corps. 

As in 1943, two separate camps were held during July at West 
Whale Bay. "A" Company, 81 strong, were in camp from July 
3rd to July 10th, during which time an extensive Training Pro- 
gramme was carried out. The programme was in the capable hands 
of Lieut. D. J. Williams, B.V.R.C., whose help during this first 
period was greatly appreciated. The highlight of the programme 
was a practical demonstration by a platoon of the B.V.R.C., 
which marched from St. George's before giving a realistic display 
of modern weapons and Battle Drill. During Camp some very 
good results were obtained by the Senior Cadets who fired a course 
with the Service rifle. His Excellency the Acting Governor, W. L. 
Murphy, Esq., inspected "A" Company in Camp on July 8th. 

The Junior Camp followed, at which 51 cadets were present. 
The Training Programme for "B" Company was somewhat modi- 
fied, but an enjoyable and profitable five days were spent. Some 
.22 shooting was carried out in Camp and, despite the shortage of 
ammunition during the year, some very good results were obtained. 
During both camps moving pictures were shown each evening and 
contributed considerably to the enjoyment of all. Valuable work 



Lieut. H. C. Masters 
2/Lieut. G. Kendall 
2/Lieut. E. Rothwell 



Lieut. N. H. P. Vesey 
2/Lieut. A. Card 
2/Lieut. F. Dale 



H. B. 



2,7 



was done by the two B.V.R.C. Instructors, Sgt. Simmons and Sgt. 
Exell, and the Camp Staff, also provided by the B.V.R.C. Pte. 
Campbell, R.A.M.C., was in attendance throughout the whole 
camp period. 

Field Day. — The Annual Field Day involving Senior Cadets 
was held during May. The Exercise was planned by Major M. 
Whitelock, G.S.O. 2, Bermuda Command. It took the form of an 
attack from Saltus Grammar School to Stour Hill and then to 
Barker's Hill. The Cadet Corps embussed at S.G.S. and the con- 
voy preceded by a Bren gun carrier was ambushed on the North 
Shore Road. At this point high explosive was set off and realistic 
battle conditions prevailed. When this ambush had been cleared, 
the convoy carried on to its rendezvous at Stour Hill. The Com- 
pany was then reorganized and advanced towards Barker's Hill. 
Each leading platoon came under attack and some more high ex- 
plosive was set off in the path of the advancing company. The 
Cadets then put in a company attack on Barker's Hill, on which 
prepared defences had been dug. At the conclusion a summary 
was given by Major Whitelock, who had acted as Chief Umpire: 
Lunch followed and in the afternoon the Cadet Band led a March 
Past at which Brigadier Maconochie took the salute. 

The Air Training Section, B.C.C., held evening classes through- 
out the year at Saltus Grammar School. The numbers of this sec- 
tion dropped off very rapidly towards the end of the year and it 
was decided to suspend the classes temporarily. The Bermuda 
Flying School Committee has been of great assistance to this Sec- 
tion since its formation, and was responsible for the valuable 
amount of material now in possession of the Corps. At the mo- 
ment plans are being discussed with the Bermuda Flying Com- 
mittee to continue some form of Air Training in the post-war period. 
The Air Training Section attended Camp and carried out a special 
training programme. In addition to the Instructor in Signals 
from the B.V.E., Mr. Humphries, of Cable and Wireless, was also 
of great assistance. The remaining courses of lectures were given 
by Major Rosewarne, Capt. Hallett, Lieut. Gascoigne and Lieut. 
Masters, all of the Bermuda Cadet Corps. 

(Signed) S. GASCOIGNE, C/Lieut., 

Adjutant, B.C.C. 

Fencing Club 

During the past year the membership of this club has doubled, 
a sure proof of the increasing popularity of this sport throughout the 
School. Those who have studied Foil for a year are now being 
instructed in the use of the Sabre. 

We are most grateful to our late instructor, P.T.I. Tate, R.N., 
who has been recalled to England, for all that he has done for us 



28 



and for his keenness in School athletics generally. In particular, we 
should like to take this opportunity to thank him for his kindness 
in instructing a class in Gym and Boxing on Saturday afternoons. 

This term an 'Assaut d'Armes' was staged, the proceeds of 
which were donated to the Red Cross. Diel won the Tate Cup for 
Sabre and retained the title of Captain of Fencing, while Monks 
won the Ambard Cup for Foil. 

We are sorry that P.T.I. Tate is leaving us, but we are looking 
forward with confidence to a successful year under our new in- 
structor, P.T.I. Kemp. 

B. P. S. 

Choir 

Under the guidance of Mr. Bridge, our pianist and choir leader, 
ihe Choir has just ended another successful year. But, owing to a 
deficiency of tenors and painstaking altos, our programme of choral 
music has not been of such good quality as in former years. Never- 
theless we were able to give a very satisfactory rendering of the 
traditional carols at the annual Carol Concert. 

This year our notable soloists were Oatham and Fountain, 
trebles. Gamble, tenor, and Vivian, bass. Many others did well in 
quartet arrangements. 

Mr. Laurence Dill, an Old Boy of the School, has composed 
an arrangement of the Gloria for us, and is also the composer of 
'School Hymn, No. 2', designed to be sung on Founder's Day and 
other School functions. The words of this Hymn were specially 
written for us by His Lordship the Bishop. 

After an interval of two years the Choir is again practising 
for a performance of the Cantata, Thaudrig Crohoore'. 

J- V. 
D. L. 

Musical Society 

The Society has had another successful year under the leader- 
ship of Mr. Thompson. Unfortunately we have been unable to 
keep Wednesday as our regular meeting day, as some of our mem- 
bers have to attend Band practice after Cadet Parade. In any 
case we cannot compete with the Band, even if every window in 
the room is closed and the volume of the radio-gramophone turned 
up to its fullest extent. 

During the Easter term the Society attended a recital given 
by Miss Devlin playing the violin and Mr. Bridge at the organ. In 
the same term we held a Musical Evening, in which each member 
of the Society performed. 



29 



This term the Society met to attend a showing of the film 
**A Song to Remember." We should Hke to thank the Headmaster 
for arranging this and also for lending us his recordings of Beet- 
hoven's **Eroica" Symphony, Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto in 
C Minor and Cesar Franck's Sonata for Violin and Piano in A 
Major. 

The following are now members of the Society: Vivian, Law- 
rey, Diel, Richardson, Anfossi and Seymour. 

B. P. S. 

^Cuit a: 

This society was founded with a view to encouraging cultural 
interests in the School. We once contemplated play-acting and 
reading, but found this impossible in the time at our disposal. It 
remained, therefore, for us to rely on the local theatres and indus- 
tries as a source of cultural entertainment. 

On November 3rd we heard a lecture on Japanese Ideographs 
by Mr. Porter. This lecture on such an unusual topic was greatly 
appreciated. In February the Society paid a visit to the Bermuda 
Shoe Factory, where we spent a most instructive afternoon under 
the guidance of Mr. Barber. 

During his recent visit to Bermuda Dr. C. E. K. Mees, Director 
of Research and Vice-President of the Eastman Kodak Company, 
gave a talk on Scientific Research to the more scientifically minded 
members of the Society. 

The Year's Art 

The Annual Art Exhibition was held on Nov. 16th and 18th 
and consisted of work done under the supervision of Miss K. M. 
Cook of the school staff and Messrs. Snape and Jones of the Nicholl 
Institute. The judges were Mr. Will Onions and Lieut. Merle 
Wimmer, U.S.N. The latter had taught art before entering the 
Navy. The prizes, given by Mr. Hereward Watlington, were 
awarded as follows: Pencil work (Seniors) Reed Cooper's "Seated 
Figure," (Juniors) Keith Davis's "Brush;" Painting (Seniors) 
First Prize, Johrf McDaniel's "Snapdragons," Second Prize, Reed 
Cooper's "Hibiscus," (Juniors) First Prize, Maurice Terceira's 
"Hat," Second Prize, Thomas Vesey's "Shell;" Prize for perse- 
verance throughout the year, Harry McHarg. 

The results of the Royal Drawing Society's Examinations, 
taken in May, 1944, came through this Spring. Out of sixty- three 
entries twenty-eight obtained Honours, eighteen Passes and seven- 
teen Failures, these latter not of the deepest dye. Working for the 
Royal Drawing Society, founded as far back as 1888, has provided 



30 



a fresh interest, enabling us to keep in touch with the outside world. 
It has also pressed home the fact that only by constant observation 
of form, texture, light, shade, and colour combined with hard work 
can we hope to improve. 

The Headmaster set aside a room for Art at the beginning of 
the Autumn Term. Now we feel that we have a home and ample 
space in which to store our numerous belongings. 

In the Spring Term a class was formed to work under Mr. D, 
Kirkpatrick on Saturday mornings. 

The pictures bought in the U.S.A. are much appreciated; 
John Wyatt helped to paint the frames, over which Mr. Arthur 
Cooper so kindly gave advice. We have also had gifts of pictures 
from Miss Alexander and Miss Rose Gosling. Mr. Talbot has 
advised over lighting problems, and many kind friends have from 
time to time lent us objets d'art. 

In the Royal Drawing Society's War-time Competition 
Thomas Vesey was awarded a Book Prize, and Maurice Terceira, 
Eldbn Trimingham and David Wingate received First Class 
Commendation. 

K. M. C. C. 



Major Whitelock's Lecture 

On Wednesday morning the boys of Saltus Grammar School 
were privileged to hear a talk by Major M. E. Whitelock, British 
Army Air Corps, now G.S.O. 2, Bermuda Command. Major 
Whitelock said that he would try to ''put over" to his audience 
something of the spirit animating the British Paratroops in the 
hope that they could get some of it and apply it to their own work 
and to their future careers. 

The Paratroops (called the Red Devils from the maroon 
berets which they wore) formed part of an Airborne Division, or- 
ganised in three sections, — Parachutists, Air Glider Troops and 
the Glider Pilot Regiment. 

Having outlined the history of the use of British parachutists 
in the present war. Major Whitelock used this as a background in 
describing fheir training. The Para recruit must be a first-class 
shot; necessarily limited in the amount of ammunition he could 
carry, he must be able to fire accurately so that every shot would 
tell. He must be reasonably athletic, and especially he must 
"know how to fall," an art learned in games such as rugby football. 
On reaching the training depot he would be delivered into the not- 
tender charge of a burly P.T. instructor for a period of ten days, 
during which he would make progressive jumps of four, eight, twelve 
and sixteen feet from a platform before doing trapeze work, by 
which he would learn para control,^ — ^^how to turn in the right direc- 
tion and how to stop from swinging,, a dangerous tendency if not 



31 



controlled. Thence he proceeded to the Base Airdrome to do eight 
jumps before qualifying: these included two jumps from a balloon 
basket at five hundred feet, and the rest from aircraft. In these 
planes the jumping was directed by red and green traffic lights; 
five men sat to the fore of the exit, and five aft, and at the green 
light number one would jump, being followed as quickly as possible 
by the rest. Arms and supplies would be dropped in cylinders 
attached to parachutes connected up to number hve, so that they 
would fall in mid-section to be readily accessible. Fatal casualties 
sometimes occurred, said the lecturer, and one in sixty hurt him- 
self; but according to the statisticians it was less dangerous than 
motor despatch-riding. Of course, the statisticians must be right, 
but personally, though he had seen statisticians on motor-cycles, 
he had no recollection of one jumping out of a plane. 

Major Whitelock gave a graphic account of adventures with 
Paratroops in the North African campaign. They landed in 
Algiers and were to be ready for a mission within forty-eight hours. 
The first mission took them 350 miles towards Tunis, where they 
were dropped in order to contact the enemy and to radio back an 
account of his quality, strength and dispositions, to hold a "bridge- 
head," and to rouse the French against the Germans. Their 
descent was unmolested, but a vicious wind of twenty-five miles 
an hour caused havoc and confusion for a time with their supplies. 
They first contacted a French colonel; he proved friendly, and gave 
them the use that night of twelve peculiar charabancs fuelled by 
charbon blocks and piloted by Arabs. These brought them to 
their first objective, a town where they met another French colonel 
who was living in great style and offered them roast turkey and 
choice Tunisian wines from his ample board until he found that 
• they were not Germans but British, and then he became less agree- 
able. He was still fearful of what the Germans might do to him; 
but under persuasion he became more amenable, and told them of 
the location of 1,500 Germans in a nearby town. So, a strong 
contingent was sent in charabancs, but these ran out of gas halfway 
there, and the march had to be continued laboriously on foot with 
full impedimenta. Three miles from their objective there was still 
no sign of Germans, but a plentiful supply of poultry in a nearby 
farm attracted them for the night. Next morning he was in the 
midst of shaving when the rattle of a Sten gun gave warning of the 
approach of six of the biggest of German tanks, which simply 
ignored them and their Sten guns and swept on. They contacted 
their colonel by radio to warn him of the approaching tanks, and 
from him received instructions to lay an ambush for their return, 
to be expected shortly. Part of the contingent concealed itself 
at a strategic point, and the rest deployed under cover with guns 
etcetera. Just as they had received another message from their 
colonel to the effect that he had seen no tanks the sentry gave 



warning of their return. The first tank reached the first mine, 
but passed over unscathed; the second was less lucky, and blew up 
completely; number one then returned to see what had happened 
to number two, and it also blew up; numbers three and four were 
accounted for by the bombing party; numbers five and six stood 
and fought with everything they had, were overpowered and their 
survivors captured. 

Concluding his racy and witty address Major Whitelock said 
that he did not want to create a mistaken impression that war was 
all beer and skittles, or that it was entirely made up of roast turkey 
and Tunisian wine. The Paratroops had participated in some very 
grisly fights in North Africa and had suffered heavily, but it was 
most important in war to keep a sense of humour and a sense of 
proportion. . . . "He takes to fighting as a game ..." 



The Debating Society 

Of Parliament it has been said that there men pool their 
minds, they are burning, as it were, on an altar their individual 
reasons, in order to kindle the flame of a common reason which will 
give them a basis on which to act. It is in this meeting together in 
the spirit of compromise, fundamental to our democratic system, 
that the debating society gives valuable training to the future 
citizens of the British commonwealth, besides affording useful 
practice in the art of self-expression. Each member is encouraged 
to speak out his own point of view, while all are required to listen 
\yith restraint to the opposing viewpoint. 

The activities of the past season have included : — 

21st September, 1944. — General meeting for the election of 
officers. 

28th September and 8th February.— Hat Debates. Each 
member was called upon for an impromptu speech on a subject 
''drawn from the hat." Among the subjects were these: — 

Are written exams, the best test of ability? 

Is man descended from the ape? 

There is not enough homework set at Saltus. 

Should homework be abolished? 

Of music and medicine, which does the more good? 

How would you spend a million pounds? 

Saltus should provide cushions for the boys to sit on. 

Should Bermuda have an Income Tax? 



33 



19th October, 1944.— Debate on the motion, *'That Ber- 
muda must add to her attractions if she is to recover her 
tourist trade after the War/' 

Proposer: B. P. Seymour Opposer: K. G. R. Hallam. 

Third: H. H. Outerbridge Fourth: C. R. Terceira 

Following one of our most lively debates the motion was car- 
ried. For a summary of this debate we may refer our readers to 
the Bermudian for December, 1944, wherein it appeared under 
Open Forum. 

9th November, 1944. — Debate on the motion, **That the 
powers of the Prefects have increased, are increasing, and 
should be reduced.*' 

Proposer: R. G. Robinson Opposer: H. H. Outerbridge 

Third: J. D. Gamble Fourth: J. F. Vivian 

Juniors appeared in some force to join in this debate. "You 

may be a prefect yourself some day," admonished their elders; 

but the motion was carried. However, the Prefects manage to 

carry on. 

30th November, 1944. — "It happened to me," — being a 
personal reminiscence — thrilling, embarrassing, or otherwise out- 
standing — delivered by each member in turn. This yielded a good 
crop of thrills, tears and jeers. One recalled a trip to Newfoundland 
in a Coronado flying-boat last summer; another, during an air 
raid saw the bank in which he had been about to deposit some 
money demolished before his eyes; another told of how the ship in 
which he was a passenger picked up the survivor from a torpedoed 
ship; yet another had played truant from school (not Saltus!), 
evaded capture for the better part (by far the better part) of a day, 
and was later required to call upon the Headmaster in his office, but 
not for afternoon tea, — -and so on. 

18th January, 1945. — Debate on the motion, "That peer- 
ages should be granted by competitive examination." 

Proposer: B. P. Seymour Opposer: A. A. Michielson 

Third: N. H. Richardson Fourth: R. G. Robinson 

Majority opinion, while conceding the value of examinations 
for some purposes, did not favour them in this instance. Like the 
choicest of wines, or Lucky Strike tobacco, the "real thing" must 
be matured — through generations of tradition and background: 
a peer is born, not made. 

Officers for the Year 1944-45 

President: Mr. J. H. Kerry. 
Secretary: J. F. Vivian. 

Committee: W, A. Ball, K. G. R. Hallam, G. Nelson, B. P. 
Seymour. 



34 

World Today Club 

Summer Term, 1945 

During the 1944-45 season of the World Today Club the num- 
ber of members increased considerably. 

Comparing this year's minutes with the previous year's we 
notice that a keener interest has been taken in the functioning of 
this club. The subjects for discussion vary from "Glass" to the 
"Up-to-date news on the progress of the war." The number of 
meetings held during the Christmas term of 1944 were twelve and 
the number during the Easter term was also twelve. Many papers 
were produced by different members of the club. The subjects 
chosen were "Rubber," "The Aeroplane," "The Telephone," 
"The Army," and "The Post- War Feeding of Europe." 

We were very fortunate in having Major Mowbray give us a 
lecture on the Aquarium and Mr. T. A. Russell, the Director of 
Agriculture of Bermuda, on scientific research in Agriculture. 
These lectures were very interesting and were very much ap- 
preciated by all. Very recently by the kind permission of Major 
Mowbray, the members of the club paid a visit to. the Aquarium. 
There they were met by Major Mowbray and accompanied with 
him were taken on a tour of the Aquarium and the Museum. 
After leaving the Aquarium they were given refreshments at the 
home of Mrs. Peniston. The club is very much indebted to both 
Major Mowbray and Mrs. Peniston for helping make the afternoon 
so interesting. 

Also during the season the members of the club visited the 
House of Parliament where they heard a very interesting but short 
debate. They also on one occasion visited the Supreme Court 
where they witnessed the trial of a man for attempted murder. 
This experience was not as gruesome as it seems for it became quite 
humorous at times and one was apt to forget that a man's life was 
at stake. 

We are extremely grateful to Mr. Richardson for arranging 
the lectures and visits, and are confidently anticipating other 
equally successful years. 

C. R. T. 



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The Bermuda Press, Limited 
Hamilton, Bermuda 



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