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Vol. XX OCTOBER, 1933 

Ne. 10 




HE long, hard struggle of the miners of West Virginia still goes on. ‘That 
T statement carries with it little significance to many, but to those who 
know conditions among those mountaineer miners and who are gifted 
with some imaginative insight, it brings up a story of a most desolate life and 
of great social injustice; it leads to dreary little mountain cabins, hardships, 
and monotonous grinding toil without many of the necessities or the comforts 
of life and with all the degradation attached to an economic despotism under 
which the workers were compelled to spend their meager wages at the com- 
panies’ stores, powerless to influence conditions of work, unable to free them- 
selves from enslaving debts. These men had sunk almost into the depths of 
despair, down even to peonage and almost to slavery. 

For years agitation to organize these miners has been carried on under 
great difficulties. Officials of the United Mine Workers and representative 
labor men have gone among them. But the seeds of agitation and education 
did not fall upon rocky soil, though long dormant yet they lived to bear fruit. 
Last year the miners were stirred to desperation by their wrongs. In the begin- 
ning the uprising was perhaps not a concerted action, but as scattered groups 
rebelled against existing conditions, the movement became unified and insist- 
ent. The men in grim determination united in an effort that entailed suffering 
and privations. 



The strike recently settled was a continuation of the miners’ movement 
begun in 1897, when July 4 of that year was selected as the day to assert their 
rights as American citizens. The story of that whole struggle reveals how King 
Coal and his barons have ruled in and by means of the institutions of society; 
how they own absolutely and control agents and agencies apparently of the 
people and for the people, and how the coal operators and the Government 
have been one and the same. 

The courts in West Virginia have yielded to none, indeed, have lead all 
in their zeal in fashioning injunction weapons which unjustly aided the coal 
companies by depriving workmen of the rights of citizenship guaranteed by 
constitutions and lav:s. Many will even deem the story of King Coal’s des- 
potism incredible. The early attacks were on free speech—an essential for 
liberty. When Judge Mason, the tool of the mine operators, by judicial order 
denied the miners the right of holding public meetings and of free speech, 
Governor Atkinson neutralized the injunction by a public letter announcing 
he would not sanction such invasion of constitutional rights. Then Judge 
Jackson, from the Federal bench, forbade any one from speaking to or per- 
suading the miners to quit the employment of the company; he enjoined 
either those striking, or the union organizers from being “‘on or near the roads 
leading to or from the companies’ property,’ notwithstanding their lawful 
mission. This judicial usurpation of authority which denied the right of free 
locomotion, free speech, presentation of arguments or advice to the end that 
the miners might unite in attempts to secure better wages and conditions of 
work, was such a flagrant offense against the fundamental principles of per- 
sonal freedom and constitutional government that duty forbade it should pass 
unchallenged. The President of the United Mine Workers, the President of 
the American Federation of Labor, and some others went to West Virginia, 
went into the forbidden public places, and in forbidden peaceable public 
assemblies exercised the forbidden right of free speech. Despite injunctions 
which were served upon us before the meetings began, and despite the faithful 
liegemen of the corporation and its court, we exercised our rights and we urged 
the miners to make common cause with their fellow-workers, to lay down their 
tools and join the movement for justice. In all good conscience we could 
choose no other course. 

Nor did the course of the judiciary rouse indignation and apprehension 
among the workers alone. Two cartoons published at that date by the Wash- 
ington 7imes reflect the general feeling. One, entitled ‘‘A West Virginia Bill 
of Rights,”’ shows Governor Atkinson holding up a placard on which were the 
words. ‘For Free Speech and Peaceable Assemblage,’’ and Uncle Sam approv- 
ingly extending his hand and saying, “Shake.’’ The other represents one of 
the forbidden West Virginia roads in which stands a judge with a megaphone 
labeled ‘‘Injunction."’ Governor Atkinson is advancing toward him, carrying 
his placard ‘‘For Free Speech and Peaceable Assemblage.” PThe resident of 
the American Federation of Labor, bearing suitcase and cane, also advances 
toward the injunction-armed judge. Underneath is the query, ‘““Now what will 
Nothing did happen. 



When this judicial invasion was placed clearly before the public by the 
press and by Labor’s course, the courts receded from their position and de- 
clared the injunctions had reference only to trespass upon the companies’ 
property. Yet the grasp of King Coal did not lose its corrupting control on 
governmental institutions of the State. These the mine operators still con- 
trolled, often by the right of ownership. Injunction abuses were renewed. 
Frequently, executive and judiciary combined to deny the men their legal and 
political rights, that the mine operators might the more easily prevent action 
for economic betterment and economic rights. 

Five years later the indefatigable Judge Jackson issued another injunc- 
tion which forbade the miners from assembling in or near the paths and ap- 
proaches upon or near the property of King Coal, leading to or from the 
mines to the homes and residences of those still working, or from marching 
near or in sight of the mines or the residences of the miners. This judicial com- 
mand to keep out the range of vision—no allowances for variation were speci- 
fied—of the employes of King Coal was frequently repeated. These injunc- 
tions were preparatory measures for the culmination of judicial arrogance— 
the injunction of Justice Dayton which baldly ordered: 

“It is therefore adjudged, ordered, and decreed by the court that said defendants, and 
each and every of them, their committees, agents, servants, confederates, be restrained and 
strictly enjoined from interfering and from combining, conspiring, or attempting to interfere 
with the employes of the plaintiff for the purpose of unionizing plaintiff's mine, without plain- 
tiff’s consent, by representing or causing to be represented in express or implied terms, to any 
of plaintiff's employes, or to any person who might become an employe of plaintiff, that such 
person wi!! suffer or is likely to suffer some loss or trouble in continuing in or entering the 
employment of plaintiff, assigning, representing, or causing to be represented in express 
or implied terms to such employe or employes that such loss or trouble will or may come 
by reason of plaintiff not recognizing the United Mine Workers of America, or because plain- 
tiff runs a non-union mine.”’ 

Judge Dayton here bluntly and brutally reveals the real object of all the 
injunctions—prevention of organization among the workers so that they may 
not be able to use their collective power to secure better conditions lest they 
disturb the gradgrind employers’ absolute domination. 

Meanwhile, a direct effort was made to destroy the miners’ organization 
of the Kanawha Valley—the only one within the State—by suborning one of 
its officials. One supposedly influential miner was made Immigration Commis- 
sioner for the State of West Virginia—a position that had previously been filled 
but once after its creation in 1873. In performing the duties of this office the com- 
missioner might remain in any seaport town or immigrant station to induce immi- 
grants admitted by the Federal authorities to go to West Virginia districts where 
workmen were needed. However, in violation of the immigration law, this 
commissioner in 1907 went to England to induce English miners to come to 
the West Virginia districts. The then Governor of the State of West Virginia 
is the authority for the statement that the expenses of the trip were not paid 
by State appropriation, but by the coal operators of the non-union districts. 
This fact indicates a survival of curious vestiges of conscience among the serv- 
ers of King Coal—public agents officially performing private duties should be 


paid out of what at least is called private funds. In fact, the law provides no 
salary in connection with this office. 

The Governor of the State invited a number of operators and a few of the 
miners to confer with him at the Capital. This conference, ostensibly to con- 
sider plans for inducing desirable workmen to locate in the State, was in reality 
to raise funds to induce and assist immigrants to go to West Virginia. Not- 
withstanding these efforts to secure more workmen, particularly miners, 
during the year prior when coal production was greater than in any previous 
year, the miners were offered employment only during 237 days. The evident 
purpose of the plan was to prevent organization by influx of new workers, to 
make the men more subservient because of an oversupply of workmen, and 
thereby to get them more completely under the employers’ domination. 

Nor did King Coal and his barons consider human life in comparison 
with feudal dues. Terrible mining disasters have been all too frequent—men 
have been torn and maimed and killed. As we have published in former num- 
bers of this magazine, the power of the mine operators silenced the press and 
throttled all sources of news. Only an occasional report managed to elude 
these custodians and find its way to the people outside. The correspondent of 
the Cincinnati Post who ventured to investigate personally the terrible mine 
accident in the Jed Coal Company mine at Welch, in 1912, and dared to write 
the story and causes of the disaster, was forced to leave the vicinity on the 
next train. 

Accident after accident has borne eloquent testimony of the utter disre- 
gard of human life in the coal mines of West Virginia. Yet these mine opera- 
tors have not only victimized American workmen but have had the hardihood 
to send an agent abroad to allure workmen to immigrate to this country, to 
live on their feudal domains and work or die for the overlords. 

It is most timely that we reprint in this connection the circulars distrib- 
uted among the immigrants at Ellis Island and published in the May, 1912, 

WANTED.—1,500 to 2,000 coal miners and coal miners’ helpers, either experienced 
miners with their families, or green laborers to learn coal mining under competent instruc- 
tors. Average earnings of experienced miners $3 to $6 per day. Average earnings of helpers 
from $2 to $3.50 per day. Common day laborers from $1.50 to $1.75 per day. No shaft 
mines; all drift mines located in the Monongahela Valley between Fairmont and Clarksburg, 
West Virginia, on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and interurban traction lines. Height of 
coal seam, eight feet. 


MONTGOMERY, WEsT VirRGINIA, Feb. 2/, 19/2 

Conditions so far as general safety is concerned are vouched for by the United States 
Bureau of Mines and the Chief of the Department of Mines of West Virginia. 

I have investigated the conditions outlined in the above statement and find them true 
as claimed. I find that there are no labor troubles or difficulties in the Fairmont fields and 
that the statement of average earnings is correct. 

I think the above offer of employment is a good opportunity for men with families 
seeking employment. The dwelling-houses are comfortable, and-rent charges I find reason- 

2 ree ’ ; JoHN NUGENT, 
State Commissioner of Immigration, State of West Virginia 


Note the official confirmation of the ‘‘general safety” of the mines despite 
the fact that the lives of workmen were snuffed out in batches of eighty, eighty- 
one, and eighty-three! Note the pride in the announcement “there are no 
labor troubles or difficulties in the Fairmont fields.” A reliable reporter 
quoted the operators as saying the workmen “‘were quiet, well-behaved, docile, 
and never thought of unions and never asked for more wages,”’ and the reporter 
added, ‘“‘they were thoroughly subdued.” Truly they were subdued, they 
were not even allowed to own or rent space upon which to possess a free 

These are but a few of the evidences of the powerful and subtle conspiracy 
between organized capital and the governmental agents of the State, indica- 
tions of the existence of the invisible government that steals from the workers 
the liberty they think and are told they have. But there were and are brave 
men in West Virginia, miners who have kept alive the spirit of organization and 
of resistance to tyranny, wrong, and injustice. These were the men who last 
year struck for a shorter workday, fairer conditions of work and pay, and the 
right to organize in their own self-defense, for their own life protection; they 
knew they were entering upon a desperate struggle—yet they struck. 

The coal operators of West Virginia have been trying to capture the 
lake trade. To undersell Pennsylvania competitors, they took that which 
should have gone tothe workmen. Toprevent protest on the part of the men, 
union organizers and unions were driven from that district. In protecting 
miners from outside ‘‘disturbing”’ influences and in preventing undue independ- 
ence within, the operators have been ably served by their mine guards. 
These mine guards are very like hired, legalized desperados who accomplish 
results expected of them. Another control over the workers arises out of the 
feudalistic system of landlordism existing in that district. The operators not 
only own the mines, but also the adjacent tracts of land, the houses rented 
to the miners, the stores, and the roads and avenues of approach. By the use 
of pay-cards accepted and negotiable only at the company store, and by with- 
holding wages and thereby compelling the workers to run an account at these 
stores, the economic dependence of the men was still more firmly established 

and personal freedom was made a farce. 

But normal human beings possessing a spark of independence and ambi- 
tion can not be oppressed beyond a certain limit of endurance. The West 
Virginia miners struck to free themselves from intolerable conditions. This 
strike raised a constitutional issue of importance not only to workmen but to all 
who value constitutional government. The Governor of the State declared 
that district under martial law; civil law, the writ of habeas corpus, trial by 
jury, were suspended. The Constitution of the United States denies Congress 
the power to suspend the writ of habeas corpus ‘‘unless when in cases of re- 
bellion or invasion the public safety may require it." Those powers which 
are prohibited Congress are also prohibited the States. The constitution of the 
State of West Virginia declares that ‘‘the privilege of the writ of habeas 
corpus shall not be suspended. No person shall be held to answer for treason, 
felony, or other crime not cognizable by a justice, unless on presentment or 
indictment of a grand jury.”” Nevertheless, martial law was proclaimed and 


under it the leaders of the strikers were arrested and brought before a military 
commission. Through their attorneys they demanded habeas corpus pro- 
ceedings, which were denied them. Judge Littlepage of the Circuit Court 
of Kanawha County who agreed with the contentions of the miners, issued an 
order forbidding the military court to try the prisoners. The court’s order was 
ignored and disregarded. 

The miners’ appeal to the Supreme Court of the State was denied by the 
majority decision. Judge Ira E. Robinson wrote a dissenting opinion in which 
he said: 

“It is claimed that the power given by the constitution to the Governor as commander- 
in-chief of the military forces of the State, to call out the same to execute the laws, suppress 
insurrection and repel invasion, authorize a proclamation of martial law. Are these words 
to undo every other guaranty in the instrument? Can we overturn the many clear, direct, 
and explicit provisions, all tending to protect against substituting the will of one for the will 
of the people, by merest implication from the provision quoted? That provision gives the 
Governor power to use the militia to execute the laws as the constitution and legislative acts 
made in pursuance thereof provide they shall be executed. It certainly gives him no au- 
thority to execute them otherwise. In the execution of the laws the constitution itself must 
be executed as the superior law. The Governor may use the militia to suppress insurrection 
and repel invasion. But that use is only for the purpose of executing and upholding the 
laws. He can not use the militia in such a way as to oust the laws of the land. It is put 
into his hands to demand allegiance and obedience to the laws. It, therefore, can not be 
used by him for the trial of civil offenses according to his own will and law; for, so to use it 
would be to subvert the very purpose for which it is put into his hands. By the power of the 
militia he may, if the necessity exists, arrest and detain any citizen offending against the 
laws; but he can not imprison him at his will, because the constitution guarantees to that 
offender trial by jury, the judgment of his peers. He may use military force where force in 
disobedience to the laws demands it; but military force against one violating the laws of the 
land can have no place in the trial and punishment of the offender. The necessity for mili- 
tary force is at an end when the force of the offender in his violation of the law is overcome by 
his arrest and detention. There may be force used in apprehending the offender and bring- 
ing him to constitutional justice, but surely none can be applied in finding his guilt and 
fixing the punishment.” 

Public interest was diverted from the miners to the conflict between 
military and civil government. It was not true that the civil tribunals of the 
State were unable to deal with all offenders against the laws. No invasion 
had occurred; no civil war existed. If war there was it must be classified 
as a private war of the feudal coal barons. Even in medieval times private 
wars were forbidden and repressed by the State. Is it wise for a modern 
State to identify private quarrels of the coal operators or any employers 
with constitutional government and overturn constitutional law in order to 
protect them?, This is indeed a grave issue. The decision of the State Supreme 
Court of Appeals caused protesting Judge Littlepage to dissolve his order and 
the drumhead court-martial was permitted to try citizens even though regular 
courts were capable of performing that function. Military government 
had eliminated civil government. 

After the present Governor took office, he personally investigated condi- 
tions, freed many of the “prisoners of war,” but did not then abolish martial 
law. However, he used his influence to assist the miners to secure an agree- 
ment with the operators under which work could be resumed. 


On April 26, an agreement was reached between the miners’ representa- 
tives in convention at Charleston and the mine operators. The basic terms of 
the agreement were: checkweighmen * to be chosen by miners; semi-monthly 
pay; no discrimination against any miners and the right of miners to purchase 
necessities at independent stores; nine-hour workday. 

But the operators failed to abide by the terms of the agreement. Al- 
though they made a pretense of employing the strikers, in a short time they 
began discriminating against and dismissing them. The situation became so 
intolerable that another strike was begun in the latter part of June. On 
July 15, the Paint Creek miners secured an agreement for the West Virginia 
miners providing recognition of the union with the check-off system, the nine- 
hour workday, and checkweighmen. July 29, Cabin Creek and Coal Creek 
miners entered into an agreement with their mine operators containing the 
following terms: recognition of the union and the right to organize; semi- 
monthly pay; nine-hour workday; checkweighmen; no compulsion to trade 
at company stores. 

In the New River District a convention of the operators and miners was 
called to meet in Charleston, but only the miners came. However, a con- 
ference afterwards determined upon the terms of an agreement which was 
ratified. This agreement recognized the right of the miners to organize and 
to expend their wages wherever they pleased; provided for the semi-monthly 
pay-day, checkweighmen and arbitration of disputes; and specified that there 
should be no discrimination against strikers. 

In addition, the West Virginia Legislature enacted a law whic practi- 
cally abolishes the mine guard system, ‘thus freeing the miners from the rule 
of the justly hated regime of Baldwin-Feltz brutality. Such progress indicates 
that the West Virginia miners are entering upon a new era of freedom and op- 
portunity. The present agreements will supply the means of self-protection 
and the attainment of yet better and fairer terms of employment. 

Meanwhile the United States Senate adopted the following resolutions: 

“Resolved, That the Senate Committee on Education and Labor is hereby authorized 
and directed to make a thorough and complete investigation of the conditions existing 
in the Paint Creek coal fields of West Virginia for the purpose of ascertaining—— 

“‘ First. Whether or not any system of peonage has been or is maintained in said coal 

““Second. Whether or not postal services and facilities have been or are interfered with or 
obstructed in said coal fields; and if so, by whom. 2 

“‘Third. Whether or not the immigration laws of this country have been or are being 
violated in said coal fields; and if so, by whom; and whether or not there have been dis- 
criminations against said coal fields in the administration of the immigration laws at ports 
ef entry. 

“Fourth. Investigate and report all facts and circumstances relating to the charge that 
citizens of the United States have been arrested, tried, and convicted contrary to or in viola- 
tion of the constitution or the laws of the United States. 

“Fifth. Investigate and report to what extent the conditions existing in said coal 
fields in-West Virginia have been caused by agreements and combinations entered into con- 

*The duty of checkweighmen is to weigh fairly the coal after it is brought to the surface. It 
can not be weighed in the mine; the miners themselves can not come up from the mine to see that the coaj 
they have mined is fairly weighed. The long continued practice of the checkweighmen selected by the 
mine owners, of cheating in the weight, made it necessary that checkingmen be selected by the men and 
viséed by « representative of the owners. 


trary to the laws of the United States for the purpose of controlling the production, sale, 
and transportation of the coal of these fields. 

“Sixth. Investigate and report whether or not firearms, ammunition, and explosives 
have been shipped into the said coal fields with the purpose to exclude the products of said 
coal fields from competitive markets in interstate trade; and if so, by whom and by whom 
paid for. 

“Seventh. If any or all of these conditions exist, the causes leading up to such 

The following were appointed to constitute the sub-committee making the 
investigation: Senators Swanson of Virginia, Shields of Tennessee, Martine 
of New Jersey, Borah of Idaho, and Kenyon of Iowa. This committee went 
to the mining districts of West Virginia to form judgment from investigation 
and personal observation; the testimony before the committee gave publicity 
to shocking conditions which had before been suppressed by the controlling 
interests. The furtive, frightened manner of many of the witnesses was evi- 
dence in itself of the coercive methods which held them in subjection. The 
indignation of all just, humanitarian citizens was roused by the recital of the 
story of the ‘‘death special,’’ the heartless brutality that had been meted out to 
men, women, and children by the notorious Baldwin-Feltz guards, the manifest 
evidence that civil war had been waged within our country, and that civil 
government had been subordinated to militarism. 

The committee returned to Washington to continue its investigations, but 
as vet has not completed its work and made a report. 

The spokesmen of the privileged interests both of West Virginia and other 
States united in opposition to this proposed investigation. They pleaded in 
justification that sacred State rights would be violated and that no investiga- 
tion was wanted or needed. Later, somewhat curbed in the vehemence of their 
protestations, they exerted every influence to have the investigation discon- 
tinued on the ground that peace agreements had been signed and all diffi- 

culties had been solved. 

At the recent hearing before the committee in Washington, Mr. H. T. 
Davis, president of the Paint Creek Consolidated Coal Company, presented 
an unvarnished statement of the employers’ methods and viewpoint. He de- 
clared that the cause of the recent strike was the attempts of the United Mine 

‘Workers’ organizers to go into the district and unionize the miners. He con- 
trasted the present ‘‘lamentable’’ indications of freedom on the part of the 
workers with the previous “‘scenes of content”’ and ‘‘prosperity”’ that prevailed 
before the advent of the organizing outsiders. ‘The testimony of Mr. Davis 
verified assertions of the miners in regard to the coercive and repressive meas- 
ures used to prevent organization of workers. He testified that he had given 
instructions that no “‘strangers’’ should be permitted to come up the creek 
without his knowing their business; he admitted that operators refused to 
employ members of the miners’ union, and that detectives were employed 
and armed with rifles to keep “agitators and organizers’’ out of Paint Creek. 
He affirmed that coal operators have a right to keep ‘‘trespassers’’ off their 
property and that organizers are “‘undesirables.’’ In reply to the question 
whether or not these miners could meet in Paint Creek district, he replied 
that ‘‘there was no place for them to hold a United Mine Workers’ meeting.”’ 


Mr. Davis conceded that any miners wishing to purchase from an independent 
store would have to travel ten miles to find one. Is it any wonder that workers 
were made “‘docile’”’ under this system and that “labor disturbances” were 
rare? Organization breathes free air, demands normal free action and free 
speech. It makes free men. 

While the effort to secure this investigation by the United States Con- 
gress was in progress, the National Executive Committee of the Socialist party 
voluntarily assumed the grave responsibility of taking up this work fraught with 
so much consequence to the working people of West Virginia and to all who 
held the cause of free government dear. The National Committee of the 
Socialist party appointed Victor L. Berger, Adolph Germer, and Eugene V. 
Debs to go into West Virginia and to make a report of the ‘“‘true conditions’’ 
in regard to both the economic and political grievances that had caused the 
strike and the great issues which grew out of it. Messrs. Debs, Berger, and 
Germer went into West Virginia, interviewed officials and made a hasty survey 
of conditions among the working people. Their report was made and widely 
published. Not only the representatives of the United Mine Workers but all 
the people generally were amazed, astounded, and indignant at the white- 
washing freely. given to the State Governor. This was the only new feature of 
the report supposedly made to reveal the grievances and injustice which had 
so long oppressed the miners; nothing else new or of value was presented but 
what had already been made public through the daily press. 

The clean bill of health to the Governor caused those who understood the 
situation in West Virginia to have doubts as to the sanity or the honesty of 
the Socialist committee. 

This condonation of the course of the Governor was a surprise to the many 
who understood the fundamental principles involved in the contest. While his 
continued maintenance of martial law is most sympathetically explained, the 
investigators fail to make any statement upon the substitution of trial by 
military commission for trial in the civil courts. This is one of the most im- 
portant issues involved in the struggle and one of vital importance to all who 
would maintain a free government, untrammeled by arbitrary power. 

With the avowed purpose of investigation, these three men, Messrs. Debs, 
Germer, and Berger, went into West Virginia, and after a farcical examination 
published broadcast a report of what purported to be the ‘‘true’’ situation. 
In reality, under guise of friendliness, these three Socialists stabbed the miners 
of West Virginia and the labor movement of America in the back, by their 
apology for the wanton disregard of those principles which are fundamental 
for personal and political liberty and by assuming to present their personal 
misconceptions or perversions of facts in the name of the American workers. 

In regard to the work of these disseminators of ‘‘true’’ conditions Sigurd 
Russell comments in The International Socialist Review as follows: 

‘‘Whatever may be the report of these capitalist employes, it must be said that they 
worked hard and left no stone unturned to find out the truth from all parties concerned. And 
that is more than our own Socialist Investigating Committee did for its class. Such is the 
universal opinion of the Socialists and miners of West Virginia.” 

The supremacy of the civil government over the military is an issue that 


has not and can not be settled by the miners’ agreements which have con- 
cluded the industrial movements. This is a political issue that can be decided 
only by our governmental agents, and it is the obvious duty of the Senate sub- 
committee to deal with this matter, as we feel confident it will, in the report 
it was appointed to make. 

Another fundamental issue which overshadows the matters of immediate 
concern to the local miners is the indictment of the officials of the miners’ 
union under the Sherman Antitrust law for conspiracy in restraint of trade. 
One curious feature of the situation is that although the miners were charged 
with conspiring with the mine operators of other districts in order to unionize 
the West Virginia fields and thereby to eliminate the disadvantages of the 
operators in union districts in competition with other employers who had 
refused to enter into agreements according fairer wages and conditions of 
work to employes, no mine operators were indicted as co-conspirators. How- 
ever, the case is still pending and furnishes yet another reason why the work- 
ingmen must exert every effort to secure such changes in the Sherman Anti- 
trust law as will accord justice to Labor. 

The miners have learned from their experiences of the last ten years and 
the recent strike, the imperative necessity for organization for strength and for 
a means of voicing their wrongs and needs. The work of agitation, education, 
and organization will continue until all the miners are given the opportunity 
of uniting for the common uplift. 

For the public—or more correctly, the other workers and employers— 
there are more serious and more complex problems of justice. All the con- 
stituted forces of government were exerted in behalf of property, material 
things. To this end civil authority was displaced for military force. Mine 
operators were permitted to station armed guards upon their property. Where- 
ever disturbances or bloodshed occurred, it was always the miners who were 
arrested and not the mine owners, their brutal minions, and guards. Yet 
miners were killed, too—are not their lives as valuable as those of the guards? 
Are not men struggling for personal rights, economic independence, ideals for 
a better life, entitled to protection, safety, and liberty under our social arrange- 
ments? Shall martial law displace civil authority and shall things override 
human beings? Wealth, indeed, is necessary and valuable; but wealth should 
serve the needs of men, not enslave them. Freedom can not exist where human 
beings are subordinated to things. 

There is another question of vital importance to the miners of the Kanawha 
Valley that must be solved by the governmental authorities—the extent and 
scope of the rights of private ownership. The coal corporations own vast 
contiguous tracts of land in West Virginia and claim the absolute right to do 
what they will with one hundred thousand acres. The only roads through 
this land are those permitted by the companies; the only houses and villages, 
those constructed and owned by the company; no church or post-office can be 
erected or used without the approval of the owner; sanitation, school, social 
intercourse, business transactions, are all subject to the interference of holders 
of the proprietary rights. No one is allowed on that private soil who has not 
given a satisfactory account of himself and his mission to the police authority 


employed and directed by the owners. In short, the coal operators who own 
this section of the State arrogate to themselves all rights of government except 
such as must be conceded to the county. To make the situation more vivid 
and forcible, take another illustration. Suppose the United States Steel Cor- 
poration had been in existence in 1800 and had realized the value of the Louis- 
iana Territory. The purchase price the United States paid for that territory 
would have presented no difficulties to the United States Steel Corporation. 
After purchasing that immense tract of land, approximately nine hundred 
thousand square miles in extent, what would have been the property rights of 
the corporation? Would tke Steel Corporation have been permitted the abso- 
lute unrestricted right of government over that vast territory, controlling 
municipal affairs, sanitation, police, locomotion, the privilege of assemblage, 
the erection of churches and school-houses, and the control of doctrines and 
theories taught by schools and churches? The difference in the size of the two 
territories does not affect the underlying principle. Because the miners of 
West Virginia must work for coal operators who own all the adjacent lands, 
does it follow that these companies can select their clergymen for them, can con- 
trol sanitary conditions, can regulate their associations, can censor their 
literature, can deny them the right to walk in certain directions and to band 
themselves together for legitimate purposes or to make any effort to better 
themselves and their families? 

Until some limitations are placed upon the absolutism of these absentee 
coal operators in West Virginia, the government of West Virginia will continue 
to be Russianized and the people can be naught but serfs. Organized labor 
has forced these conditions and perversions of justice upon public attention 
and now demands that the wrongs be righted. In West Virginia, as in the 
world over, the economic movement for freedom will work a mighty trans- 
formation in political thought and practices. 

Notwithstanding the struggles and hardships of the miners not only in 
West Virginia but in Colorado and Michigan, notwithstanding the continued 
antagonism and the resistance of certain corporation managements to organ- 
ized labor, August 31, 1913, the United Mine Workers reported a paid-up 
membership of 409,158. Organization is the one hope of betterment for the 
working people—it is the foundation of all their progress. 

“Wilt thou do the deed and regret it? 

Thou hadst better never been born. 

Wilt thou do the deed and proclaim it, 
Then thy fame shall be outworn; 

Thou shalt do the deed and abide it, 
And from thy throne on high 

Look on today and tomorrow 
As those that never die.” 




URING the past ten years the attitude 
of mind of the public in the West has 
been undergoing a marked change. 

With the assurance that the long-mooted 
Isthmian Canal will shortly be completed, 
the people of the States bordering upon the 
Pacific have gradually awakened to a new 
sense of their relation to the rest of the 
country and of the responsibilities involved 
in that relationship. 

The conception of a waterway connect- 
ing the oceans had long ceased to be a matter 
of speculative interest, and had become a 
reasonable probability in this age of me- 
chanical wonders, but of no practical con- 

cern to the present day and generation. 
Today the Panama Canal is to all intents 

and purposes a reality. The people of the 
Pacific and Atlantic are joined in a com- 
munity of thought and interest regarding 
those larger problems of national life, upon 
which in the past they have been divided, 
to their mutual disadvantage. 

The labor movement of the West has 
shared equally with other elements in the 
feeling that life with its interests was a 
thing apart from the concerns of the people 
in “the States.” Impelled hither by the 
spirit of the pioneer, living and working as 
pioneers in the new country, the members 
of the organized crafts have met and solved 
the problems of their existence practically 
without reference to conditions in other 
parts of the United States. 

The founders of the labor movement in 
the West brought with them a knowledge 
of the principles of organization, and upon 
these principles they acted. But the chief 
problems which confronted them arose out 
of circumstances peculiar to the locality, 
therefore requiring new methods of treat- 

The success that attended this treatment 
of the labor question naturally gave rise 

to an attitude of self-sufficiency. This 
attitude too frequently overlooked the 
prime cause of the advantage enjoyed by 
Labor in the West, as compared with other 
sections. That cause was the “great gulf’ 
that was set between the two chief divisions 
of the country. The isolation of the West 
from the great centers of population left the 
former free to work out its own peculiar 
problems, unhindered by complication or 
pressure from without. The Panama Canal, 
by bridging, or rather completing, the gulf, 
and thereby making it a highway of travel, 
has destroyed the advantage of isolation. 
The currents of commerce and of travel, 
no longer checked by physical barriers, will 
flow freely between the seaboards of both 
oceans, between the near East and the far 
West. Thus the labor movement of the 
Pacific seaboard finds itself face to face with 
the Old World. 

The West is no longer an isolated or 
self-sufficient country. It is part and parcel 
of ‘“‘the States.”” The labor movement of 
the West will continue to deal in its own 
way with its own problems, but, in addition, 
it must do its share in dealing with the 
problems of the country at large. 

All forecasts of the results to follow the 
opening of the Canal are predicated upon a 
large immigrant travel. This, like almost 
every other feature of the situation, is as yet 
a matter of speculation. However, the labor 
movement is disposed to accept at their 
face value the predications of a material 
increase in the volume of immigration. Thus, 
the immigration problem, as it has existed 
in the West, is radically changed. That 
problem has existed in acute form since the 
very beginning of American settlement in 
the West. But it has at all times been chiefly, 
and at most times exclusively, a problem 
racial rather than economic in character. 

The question first assumed the form of 

an attempt by the people of California to 
exclude negroes. 

The facts concerning the next phase, the 
anti-Chinese agitation, its origin in the 
early 50’s, the repeated attempts of the 
people to enforce discriminatory laws, the 
failure of these measures upon the ground 

of unconstitutionality, the purely economic . 

measures of the unions (including the 
adoption of the union label by the cigar- 
makers in 1874), the passage of the Chinese 
Exclusion Act in 1882, and its extension 
without time limit in 1902, are familiar to 
most readers. There can be no doubt that 
the Exclusion Act, enacted as the result of 
fifty years’ constant agitation, has saved the 
West to the white race. Lacking this pro- 
tection, the Western States would long ago 
have become a province not of ‘‘the States,”’ 
but of Asia. The labor movement of the 
country at large has been first and fore- 
most in the long struggle to protect the 
race, and to it is due the chief credit for the 

The more recent agitation against Japa- 
nese and other Asiatic immigration rests 
upon grounds identical with those involved 
in the case of the Chinese. Throughout the 
half century from 1852 to 1902, and even 
down to the present day, the attitude of the 
West on the subject of immigration has 
been inspired by racial instinct and impulse. 
Economic considerations have entered into 
the discussion, of course, but even the 
economic feature has been grounded upon 
the race question. The standards of the 
Asiatic are low, as compared with our own, 
but no change in this respect can suffice to 
remove or offset the racial antipathy that 
is planted in the bone and sinew of men. 

The immigration problem as it is now pre- 
sented to the West differs from that of the 
past. Race questions must give precedence 
to the economic element in the future treat- 
ment of the subject. The character of the 
problem is no longer solely that of a struggle 
between unassimilable peoples. The West, 
let us assume, is safe as a “‘white man’s 
country.”” From now on the struggle will 
be between white men themselves. 

The entire section west of the Rocky 
Mountains, and even as far east as the 
Missouri River, is still but sparsely settled. 
The population of California, Oregon, and 
Washington probably does not exceed 
5,000,000. In the larger cities of these 


States, however, the number of unemployed 
men and women constitutes a serious evil. 
It is easy, and indeed quite true, to say, that 
the West contains room for a great increase 
of population. But this is generalization, 
and is not applicable to all cities or towns 
of any considerable size. Yet it is precisely 
the cities and towns that must first be ‘con- 
sidered in dealing with the subject of immi- 
gration, since no practical plan for “‘putting 
the immigrant on the land” has yet been 

The first object, therefore, of the labor 
movement in these States is to discourage 
immigration, and by so doing, minimize the 
number of those likely at first to be attracted 
by the offer of cheap transportation and the 
assurance (?) of abundant opportunities in 
the ‘Golden West.’’ Considerable thought 
is being given to the formulation of a policy 
of land legislation under which much of the 
land now held out of use, or used only for 
grazing purposes, would be made available 
for agriculture. Reform in taxation and 
issuance of rural credits figure largely in the 
discussion of these plans. 

With the somewhat vague purpose of 
“preparing for the newcomers,”’ a good deal 
of activity is manifest in certain quarters. 
Conventions have been held and resolutions 
have been adopted to the end that the 
immigrant shall be met at the dock, wel- 
comed, placed in a “school of citizenship,” 
and generally trained in the way he should 
go, according to the judgment of his pre- 
ceptors. The last session of the California 
Legislature created a commission for the 
purpose of giving effect to these ideas. 

The labor movement, more practical if 
less effusive, takes the position that good 
terms of employment are the indispensable 
condition of good citizenship; that the first 
duty of those who would “protect the immi- 
grant’ is to aid him in securing employment 
upon fair terms, or, failing in this, to advise 
him to “stay away.” Good citizenship may 
possibly survive in box-cars and bunk- 
houses, but it can not be bred in them. 

The membership of the labor organiza- 
tions in California is authoritatively placed 
at 120,000. Of this number by far the 
larger part is affiliated with the American 
Federation of Labor. Approximately the 
same proportion of organization holds good 
among the a men and women of 
Oregon and ashington. Everywhere 


throughout these States the work of organi- 
zation is being pushed persistently and 
insistently. During the whole process of 
opening up and developing the West, the 
labor movement has been foremost in the con- 
structive work upon which the growth of the 
new commonwealths has been based. The 
hand of Labor is clearly impressed upon the 
laws and customs of the land. To that hand 
and to the vigilance and determination of 
the brain behind it, more than to all other 
influences combined, is due the steady ad- 
vance in legislation which has placed the 
States of the Pacific seaboard in the fore- 
front of the world-wide movement toward 
democratic rule. 

The new outlook now unfolded to the West 
presents a new necessity and a new oppor- 
tunity. With the necessity of assuming a 
share in the problems of other sections, 
comes the opportunity of a broader vision, 
a larger grasp, and a wider sphere of influence. 
The West will cease to be provincial and 
will become national. As the great divisions 
of the Nation are drawn together the local 

problems of each will diminish and national 
problems will increase. 

West and East will 
be merged and united. The spirit of the 
West and the spirit of the East will be 
joined in the spirit of all America. 

The Panama-Pacific International Exposi- 
tion, to be held in San Francisco in 1915, will 
afford a concrete example of the world’s 
progress in every sphere of human activity. 
The motif of the exposition, namely, to 
celebrate the completion of the Panama 
Canal, justifies the effort to surpass all 
prev ious affairs of the kind. The Canal itself 
is, and probably will long remain, the crown- 
ing achievement of mechanical science. The 
resultant diverting of commerce and travel, 
although not as great as that following the 
opening of certain other routes, may reason- 
ably be expected to make a deep and lasting 


effect upon the history, commercial, political, 
and economic, of our own and future times. 
The exposition has been planned upon a 
basis commensurate with this conception. 
In any comparison between the aims of 
San Francisco and the achievements of other 
exposition cities, allowance must be made 
for the advantage enjoyed by the latter, due 
to their proximity to the centers of wealth 
and population. Still, there remains good 
ground for confidence in the prediction that 
the Panama-Pacific Exposition will surpass 
its predecessors in the chief essentials of 
public interest. 

The event to be commemorated is of 
world-wide importance. The Panama Canal 
will form one of the chief approaches to the 
exposition. In a sense, the Canal itself will 
be the chief exhibit at the exposition. San 
Francisco, chosen by the nation to do the 
honors of the occasion, makes appeal to the 
world upon grounds peculiar to herself, and 
which are calculated to fire the imagination 
and compel the admiration of all men. 
Utterly destroyed and completely rebuilt 
within the last decade, that city constitutes 
an unprecedented example of those qualities 
that have made our civilization. 

As an example of energy, enterprise, and 
skill triumphant over great obstacles, San 
Francisco today affords a spectacle hardly, 
if at all, less splendid, and certainly no less 
important, than that afforded by the 
titanic task performed upon the isthmus. 

The exposition buildings are being erected 
under the terms of an agreement between 
the Board of Directors and the Building 
Trades Council. When the doors are thrown 
open, the world will witness the triumph of 
human genius in many fields, and in that 
triumph will shine, more brightly than any 
other, the example of co-operation between 
Labor and Capital in one of the world’s 
mightiest works. 

“Then rise as you ne'er rose before, 

Nor hoped before, 

Nor dared before, 

And show as ne’er was shown before 
The power that lies in you! 
Stand all as one 
Till right is done! 


and dare, 

and do!”’ 

Charlotte Perkins Gilman. 



By H. J. Conway 

Secretary-Treasurer, Retail Clerks’ International Protective Association 

in the city of La Fayette, Indiana, 

began a strike against a firm in that 

city, owing to the working conditions and 

environments under which they were forced 

to labor, and have been on strike since that 
time. ¥ 

This strike is one of the most remarkable 

ever held in the industrial movement, 

O* AUGUST 3, 1912, the retail clerks 

because of the many peculiar situations and 
circumstances connected with it. The sales- 
people as a class were never considered in 
the past a militant organization, but during 

the twelve months that this struggle has 
been carried on, they have certainly been 
proven militant, for there were only two 
desertions out of sixty-six people on strike. 

The stubborn resistance of the opposition 
in this strike has possibly been the greatest 
cause for its non-adjustment. The firm 
against which this strike has been conducted 
absolutely ignores arbitration, and refuses 
to enter into any proposition through any 
committee, excepting in one instance, which 
unfortunately failed to bring about a settle- 
ment of the difficulty. 

One feature in connection with this strike 
was an advertisement by the firm in opposi- 
tion, which appeared in the daily papers in 
the city where the strike is being conducted, 
and which offered a reward of $1,000 if it 
could be proven that any girl ever employed 

by them had received less than $1.50 per 
week. Demands were immediately made for 
the reward, but this firm resorted to subter- 
fuges, making it impossible for the applicant 
for the reward to secure even a hearing, 
which can only be construed as meaning 
that this firm had paid $1.50 and even lower 
wages to the girls. 

The clerks on strike are asking for a 
minimum wage of only $5 per week, and a 
slight reduction of the work hours per week. 
During the past few weeks, the merchants 
have started to close their establishments at 
the time requested by the clerks through 
their agreement, but they still refuse to 
sign the agreement, due to a combination 
of the merchants formed in the city of 
La Fayette, Indiana, for the purpose of dis- 
rupting the clerks’ organization. 

The international association of the clerks’ 
organization has backed them in this strike 
since the beginning, and is doing so at this 
time, and has never asked for any outside 
assistance, although paying full strike bene- 
fits, in fact the largest strike benefit ever 
paid in the labor movement, in amounts 
from $20 a week down. The clerks’ associa- 
tion is amply able to continue the struggle 
which it has started, and will do so, until 
the proposition is settled to the complete 
satisfaction of the sales-people. 



Its Wonderful Achievements—Told by Those Who Know 


Coopers’ International Union of North America 
Its Progress and Outlook 

of the guiding purposes, policies, vic- 
tories, and the special measures that 
have been taken by the Coopers’ Interna- 
tional Union during the past year for melio- 
rating the coopers’ condition, our first duty 
is to relate the circumstances that attend 
our efforts in this direction, and in a brief 
manner inform the American labor move- 
ment of the powerful interests with which 
we are obliged to cope continually in our 
endeavor to keep pace with progress and to 
maintain an American standard of living. 
Organized labor, or the public in general, 
is not conversant with the magnitude, of the 
cooperage industry. The trade with all its 
varied branches is seldom given serious or 
appreciative thought, yet in all the great 
markets of the world two-thirds of the 
necessaries of life are transported in con- 
tainers that have been fashioned by the 
hands of coopers. It is because of the 
organization and co-operation of the manu- 
facturers or associations engaged in one 
special line of cooperage, that this interna- 
tional union is confronted with problems 
that tax the capabilities of its membership. 
Of the five leading branches of the cooper- 
ing industry, namely, the beer barrel, 
whiskey barrel, oil barrel, sugar barrel, and 
pork barrel, development and control by the 
coopers’ organization has been complete in 
one branch—the beer barrel. In the other 
branches fair or partial results have been 
Only a casual consideration to the differ- 
ent kinds of barrels mentioned here, need be 

|* PRESENTING an authentic recital 

given by the union man to bring to his 
mind the powerful aggregation and organiza- 
tion of wealth involved in their production 
to bring home to him the stupendous work 
that lies before this international union. 

Although our efforts have been centered 
during the past decade upon the whiskey 
barrel branch of our industry, about 40 per 
cent organization rewards our efforts. This 
condition must be remedied, with the help 
of the American Federation of Labor. The 
great American labor movement can not 
supinely allow the whiskey trust to operate 
its distilleries all over this land with non- 
union labor and expect patronage from 
union men. Many of our large whiskey 
barrel cooper shops do not use the label of 
the Coopers’ International Union, we are 
told that there is no demand for it by the 
distillers. To organize the distillery workers 
of America is the bounden duty of organized 
labor, in order to help along a struggling 
organization that suffers by this lack of 
solidarity. This would brighten immeasur- 
ably the outlook for the coopers of this 

In the oil and sugar barrel branches prog- 
ress of a substantial character has crowned 
our efforts, but much remains to be done. It is 
of interest to know that good progress has 
been made in organizing the sugar barrel 
that are owned and operated by the so-called 
sugar trust during the past year. 

In the pork barrel industry we have the 
prison-made barrel to compete with, and it 
may not surprise organized labor to be in- 
formed that our large packing houses of the 


West purchase this output in preference to 
barrels that bear the stamp of union labor. 

In the large beer barrel shops that are con- 
trolled by the Machine Coopers’ Employers’ 
Association we have just succeeded in secur- 
ing an 8% per cent increase in wages after a 
struggle covering a period of four months. 

The real problem that confronts this or- 
ganization is to secure patronage for the 


coopers’ label. Our prosperity and growth 
depend upon its general recognition. The 
effectiveness of our movement is rendered 
void without cooperation. Help the strug- 
gling cooper. 
International President. 


International Photo-Engravers’ Union of North America 

Toronto Strike Demonstrates the Value of International Organization 

HE International Photo-Engravers’ 
Union during the past year, as in 
previous years, has been very suc- 

essful in its work. It has grown steadily 
n numbers, and in a great measure has 
.dded much to the comfort and well-being 
if its members. Indeed, if we only con- 
\inue in growth for the next few vears, as we 
iave in the recent past, it will be almost 
mpossible to find a skilled workman of our 
raft who is not a member of our interna- 
‘ional union and affiliated with the American 
(‘ederation of Labor. In contradiction to 
the oft-repeated charge against union labor 
of restriction of membership, by the en- 
forcement of the union shop policy, one of 
our greatest items of expense and activity 
has been to bring the doctrines and philoso- 
phy of trade unionism to the uninitiated, 
to secure their affiliation and co-operation 
with our fellow-members. We purpose that 
every one of our craftsmen shall be a mem- 
ber of the International Photo-Engravers’ 
Union, and the realization of our hope and 
aspiration, I am confident, is not far distant. 

During the year we have negotiated quite 
. number of labor contracts, each of which 
provides for improved working conditions, 
or a better wage, or both. In only two or 
three instances have we experienced serious 
difficulties and friction with our employers. 
In all other cases, the principles of concilia- 
tion and arbitration prevailed with the ut- 
most satisfaction to our members. 

Our principal difficulties of the year oc- 
curred in Toronto and Montreal, Can. Our 
experience in these cities accentuates the 
absolute necessity of the spirit of ‘‘Interna- 
tionalism’”’ as distinguished from ‘‘National- 


ism’’ in the labor movement of this conti- 
nent. It further illustrates that regardless 
of how well we may be organized on this 
continent, if craftsmen in other countries 
are poorly organized, such a state of affairs 
is a constant menace to the American or- 
ganized labor market, and an encouragement 
for hostile employers to express their op- 

In negotiating for an agreement in Tor- 
onto, Can., the employers realized that the 
labor market in our craft on this continent, 
was very well organized. They realized 
equally as well that the labor market in our 
craft in Great Britain was poorly organized, 
and believed it an excellent field upon which 
to draw for non-union labor, or strike- 
breakers. Prompted by this know! dge and 
belief, they denied our members the right 
to act as a union and refused to enter into 
any sort of an agreement or understanding 
with our members. 

The motive for this opposition and refusal 
was apparent. For years they have acted as 
agents in encouraging immigration of non- 
union workmen from Great Britain, for the 
benefit of themselves and hostile employers 
in the United States. To enter into an agree- 
ment with our union was to end this source 
of supply of non-union labor. They not 
only denied our members the opportunity 
of collective bargaining, but questioned 
their right of membership in our union and 
thus forced a conflict, secure in the belief 
that the non-union labor market of Great 
Birtain would make their task of destroying 
our Canadian local unions comparatively 
easy. : 

Six months have passed since the incep- 


tion of this conflict, and the employers are 
no nearer success than at the beginning of 
this trouble. The employers, of course, 
followed their usual tactics and the courts 
were not neglected. Apprentices were 
arrested for violating apprenticeship inden- 
tures; civil action for damages against our 
members were instituted for alleged viola- 
tion of contracts; and various criminal 
prosecutions were begun for the purpose of 
intimidating and discouraging our members, 
but to no avail. Indeed, such tactics 
strengthened our ranks, and made our men 
more determined. 

Agents were immediately sent to England 
to secure strike-breakers, and every induce- 
ment offered to men to emigrate to Canada. 
We appealed to our fellow-craftsmen across 
the water, with some degree of success. 
However, due to unorganized conditions in 
our trade in England, quite a few workmen 
were secured by the employers. We appealed 
to the Government for the enforcement of 
the immigration laws, and hoped that the 
laws intended for the interest of labor would 
be used for their benefit. We did succeed 
in having several men held at port, and when 
it appeared that these men might be de- 
ported, the Canadian Manufacturers’ Asso- 
ciation immediately instituted habeas corpus 
proceedings, in which they were successful. 
They not only succeeded in securing the 
freedom of these men, but, likewise, suc- 
ceeded in completely destroying the immi- 
gration laws of Canada. I have been since 
advised by persons in authority, that the 
Canadian Manufacturers’ Association made 
this their special effort in this conflict. They, 
without question, have succeeded in de- 
stroying the protective features of these 
laws. This is a matter which concerns all 
workmen of Canada, and should be seriously 
taken up by them and by the organized 
labor movement in Canada. 

Having destroyed the immigration laws 
of Canada, with the aid of the Canadian 
Manufacturers’ Association, the employers 
did not destroy our union, nor lessen the 
determination of our men. Defeat in this 
line of resistance simply made us more 
resourceful in another line, and as an imme- 
diate result, organizing efforts were put 
forth more vigorously and so well, that 
within a short period of time most of the 
men imported as strike-breakers were on 
their way homeward, to warn their fellow- 


craftsmen in Great Britain and to urge them 
not to ally themselves with employers 
against the interests of their fellow-craftsmen 
in Canada. Those who did not return are 
now working in union shops under our 
jurisdiction. The strike in Toronto is still 
on, and we are today in as strong, if not a 
stronger, position than ever in this city. 

In Montreal the strike was through 
sympathy with our members in Toronto. 
Practically the same tactics were pursued. 
This strike, after a period of over four 
months’ time, has been settled, and the 
employers have signed an agreement with 
our local union. 

Our experience in these conflicts has 
proven that we can not overlook the labor 
markets of other countries. While immigra- 
tion laws protect us to some degree against 
the labor markets of other countries, yet, 
if we depend solely for protection upon 
restrictive legislation, we are doomed to 
disappointment. We must encourage, aid, 
and assist our fellow-craftsmen and all 
workmen in all countires in organizing and 
affiliating themselves with the labor move- 
ment. This our international union pro- 
poses to do, so far as it lies within its power, 
for our craftsmen in Great Britain. With 
this accomplished in Great Britain, the 
photo-engravers, or process workers as they 
are styled in European countries, will be 
well organized throughout the world. Out 
of every conflict good arises, and so out of 
these conflicts in Canada our international 
movement has already gained much. We 
realize more fully than ever the necessity of 
““Internationalism” in the labor movement 
of this continent, and the grave fallacy of 
‘“‘Nationalism.”’ As we succeed in organizing 
local labor markets, we find it necessary to 
organize our national and international 
labor markets; and as we are beginning to 
realize our success in this work, we immedi- 
ately become impressed with the necessity 
of organizing the world’s labor markets. 
Organization among workmen is therefore 
the most effective agency to right the wrongs 
of Labor and to bring Labor into its own. 

Judging from our experience of the past, 
and indications of the present, the Inter- 
national Photo-Engravers’ Union has before 
it the hope of greater progress, prosperity, 
and success in the future. 

MATHEW WOLL, President. 

ores - © 

—~ = « 

i es Oe es ek ed ee ee ee, ee 6 el ee 


Switchmen’s Union of North America 

The Year's Progress 

years between the St. Paul and Hous- 

ton conventions, has paid out in death 
and total disability claims, $407,018. In 
addition to this, there was donated in 
benevolent claims, $28,000, covering in- 
juries that did not come under the legal 
provision of our constitution. These 
amounts do not include the large sums paid 
out by our local unions in weekly benefits 
on account of sickness and injury. 

The gain in membership in the last year has 
been 13 per cent, the greatest increase being 
in the large switching centers. We have also 
materially increased our members in the 
Canadian territory, and have been success- 
ful in penetrating new territory where we 
have not been organized heretofore, not- 
withstanding the opposition met with from 
a rival organization that is not recognized 
by the American Federation of Labor. 

In the last twelve months we have made a 
number of new agreements as well as renew- 
ing and revising several old contracts. In 
some localities wages have been increased 
as much as 14 cents per hour, or $42 per 

P “HE Switchmen’s Union, in the last two 

month. We have also received a number of 
concessions in working rules, making condi- 
tions better to work under than the previous 
rules. All this has been accomplished 
through the negotiations of our committees, 
without resorting to a strike or threatening 
to strike. Ninety per cent of the local 
grievances arising between the men and the 
railroad officials have been satisfactorily 
adjusted in favor of the men. ‘ 

The delegates at the Houston Convention 
(May 19-29) took vigorous action against the 
Federal Compensation law on account of this 
proposed bill not adequately compensat- 
ing. employes, or their families, in case of 
accident and giving them less protection 
than they receive under the present Federal 
Employers’ Liability Act and Safety Ap- 
pliance Act. 

Prospects are bright for a steady increase 
in membership in this union and this last 
year has been one of progress in overcoming 
the obstacles that confront us in our efforts 
to better the condition of our craft. 

S. E. HEBERLING, President. 


International Brotherhood of Blacksmiths 

A Year of Organization and Progress 

HE labor movement the past year has 
not been immune from the attack of 
the organized opposition. The union 

hater is stealthily continuing his silent 
efforts to break into the ranks of Labor for 
wrecking purposes. The blacksmiths and 
helpers’ organization has not been exempt 
from these attacks. Since we have expected 
this to happen, we have tried to prevent as 
much of it as possible and have been fairly 
successful. However, we have been con- 
vinced for several years that organized labor 
was fighting an unseen force. We were not 
a little surprised when we learned that such 
a gigantic attempt had been launched to 

corrupt so many trades unionists, politi- 
cians, legislators. This attempt of the 
National Association of Manufacturers was 
a most undignified and traitorous one, but 
we are glad that it was not successful 
to any great extent; however, enough has 
been done to prove conclusively to the Amer- 
ican, people and the workingmen especially 
that nothing is too mean for that organiza- 
tion to undertake in order to overcome the 
influences of organized labor. To accom- 
plish its purposes it has been poisoning 
the very fountain of our national life, 
and if half of the recent Mulhall exposure 
is true, Labor must prepare to guard its in- 


heritance with a fervency and zeal unequaled 
in the past. 

The Blacksmiths’ International wants to 
be counted with the advancing guard. Un- 
daunted by anything that has transpired, it 
is willing and anxious to make sacrifices, if 
need be, to advance the interests of the 

The past year, on account of many strikes, 
especially on the Illinois Central and Harri- 
man Lines, has been one of pretty hard 
sledding; however, we have organized 
twenty-two new local unions and reorganized 
four. Four of those organized and one of 
the reorganized were in the Dominion of 

We have organized the carriage and wagon 
industry in Sacramento, California, and Ham- 
ilton, Ontario, and have increased our mem- 
bership in that branch of the trade about 50 
per cent; and in Cincinnati, Ohio, and Chi- 
cago, Illinois, we have increased our mem- 
bership quite materially. We have also es- 
tablished the eight-hour day in that industry, 
and a union shop agreement in Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, after a two weeks’ strike and 
without decrease in pay. 

In the campaign of the Metal Trades De- 
partment in Erie, Pennsylvania, we have 
organized our industry 90 per cent, and have 
signed contracts with the Erie Forge Com- 
pany bearing the signature of the repre- 
sentative of the Government, Mr. Post. 

In Boston, Massachusetts, we have car- 
ried on an organizing campaign which has 


brought 85 per cent of the craft of that citv 
into our organization. We have carried on 
a strike with the other crafts at the Sturde- 
vant Blower Manufacturing Company for 
several weeks, against intolerable condition 
forced upon them by his honor, Governor 
Foss, of Massachusetts. 

In New York City there is an independent 
group of helpers with which we have done 
considerable work and we have been able at 
last to penetrate that organization. They 
are now beginning to realize that a bona fide 
labor union is the backbone and protection 
of the wage-earner. This evil could have 
been corrected long ago had the metal 
trades and other central bodies been less 

Through our vice-presidents, local unions, 
and special organizers, we have circulated 
over a million and a half pieces of literature, 
and have found this a means of arousing the 
indifferent man. 

I think we have done remarkably well, 
considering the many handicaps. The metal 
trades are gradually getting closer together, 
and if we can keep the Mulhalls out ef our 
ranks, I am convinced that success will come 
to the organized wage-earners. 

The Illinois Central and Harriman Lines’ 
strike is still going on and we expect to 
win. We urge the support of the trades 
unionists and their friends in this battle for 
human rights on the railroads of the West. 

James W. KLIne, President. 

International Brick, Tile, and Terra Cotta Workers’ 

Problems Growing Out of Immigration 

NE of the serious problems that con- 
O fronts those unions whose jurisdic- 

tions include semi-skilled or unskilled 
workers, is how to meet and overcome the 
practice by detective and other agencies of 
herding together newly arrived immigrants 
in a fashion similar to the gathering of mer- 
cenaries in the Middle Ages, and selling 
them at so much per head, to be used as 

Chiefly agricultural laborers in their own 
country, unfamiliar with our language or 
customs, these unfortunate men are as- 
sembled at a given convenient center, from 
which they can be readily transported to the 
field of an industrial battle, to defeat and 
destroy the organizations of their fellow- 
workers who are revolting against low wages 
and bad conditions of labor. 

There is also another kind of immigrant 

that does not intend to remain permanently 
and make this country his home. This is 
the most dangerous class against which we 
have to contend. Intent only on amassing a 
given sum in the shortest possible time— 
absolutely indifferent to the welfare of their 
fellow-workers—these workers live as 
cheaply as possible, isolated socially from 
the general mass of our people. These will- 
ingly exploited workers readily sell them- 
selves to strike-breaking agencies in order 
to shorten their stay in our country by 
securing the temporary increase, the only 
reward of the strike-breaker. As a general 
rule, this class does not join unions unless 
compelled, and its influence is ever down- 

In many communities it is difficult to 
maintain an organization by reason of the 
employment of this constantly shifting type 
of migratory workers. 

The American labor movement is con- 
fronted by these problems and can over- 
come them only by meeting them squarely. 

Education, experience, restrictive legisla- 
tion, and persistent organization will in time 
mitigate these evils, but in the meantime 
we must have inexhaustible patience, tact, 
and forbearance, and keep eternally at it, 
lest the problem grow more difficult. 

A strenuous effort should be made to secure 
the active co-operation of the labor move- 



ments of European countries and through 
the agency of the unions of the older coun- 
tries, distribute enlightening literature in 
the language of each country, thereby to 
avert the abuses that are incident to our 
present immigration policy. In other words, 
let the education of the immigrant begin 
before he leaves his native soil. 

There should be an insistent effort to have 
our national Government compile statistics 
to determine the percentage of immigrants 
from each country that becomes American 
citizens and to discover the average time 
spent on our shores by the temporary 
visitor. These statistics should then be 
given the widest possible publicity and dis- 
cussion by the organs of organized labor in 
order that we may be able to deal intelli- 
gently with this troublesome question. 

I trust that the men of the labor movement 
will devote time and thought to our immi- 
grant problems in the future and by their 
united experience and intelligence, evolve a 
comprehensive plan to protect our fellow- 
worker of foreign birth and language from 
the harpies that fatten upon him, and at the 
same time protect the American worker 
from the ruinous and mutually destructive 
competition of his less fortunate brother 
from across the seas. 


International Union of Steam and Operating Engineers 

Co-operation Brings Progress Despite Efforts at Disruption 

HE record for the year of the Inter- 
national Union of Steam and Operat- 
ing Engineers is, in a general way; the 
record made by all live trade unionists. It 
is made up of constant detailed effort in 
every direction that might lead to the better- 
ment of conditions. The results represent 
steady improvement in spite of the most 
discouraging obstacles. No other craft is 

beset by as many obstructions established 
and maintained 

in the interest of scab 
The scabs in the craft are not only 

organized, but have the most substantial 
backing of that open-shop and_strike- 
breaking band whose operations have been 
laid bare by Colonel Mulhall. One of them, 
the National Association of Stationary 
Engineers, is the special pet of that crowd 
and boasts of Parry, of Indianapolis, as an 
honorary member, as well as of other more or 
less prominent eneinies of the union cause. 

Among the more notable efforts put 
forward by our organization may be men- 
tioned the establishment of a death benefit 


system. At our last biennial convention, 
plans were submitted. It was ordered that 
the plans should be placed separately before 
the membership for the adoption of one of 
them through a referendum vote. This has 
been done; and when the result of the vote 
is determined, our insurance system will be 

Mention should be made of the fact that 
our organization has, during the past few 
wecks, also by direction of our convention, 
purchased the necessary land and buildings 
in the city of Chicago for the establishment 
of a general headquarters, from which all 
the future activities of the organization 
will radiate. 

There have been but few troubles between 
our members and the employers during the 
past year, and these have been adjusted 
satisfactorily. We have found in all such 
cases that effective co-operation among the 
several crafts in the establishment or indus- 
try affected has been a potent weapon in the 
hands of the men concerned in securing 


reasonable recognition. One instance of this 
occurred in Rochester, N. Y., where the 
brewery interests refused to concede certain 
very reasonable requirements. A strike 
impended but was avoided when it became 
known that the men of the brewery workers’ 
organization and the firemen were in accord 
with the engineers in demanding that the 
necessary concessions should be made. They 
were made accordingly. 

Notwithstanding the special activity of 
the union-baiters directed against our body, 
it is gratifying to announce to the members of 
the other organizations through the columns 
of the national organ of American union 
labor, that our membership is steadily 
increasing and that each succeeding, meet- 
ing of our several locals finds more or less 
of additions made to our membership in 
every section of the continent from the 
Klondike to New Orleans, and from Toronto 
to Texas. 

MILTON SNELLINGS, First Vice-President. 


International Union of Shingle Weavers, Sawmill Workers 

and Woodsmen 

Rochester Plan Produces Good Results 

OCIETY is an evolving organism. 
Nothing stands still. All things must 
conform to the universal law of change. 

Unions can not make headway by the ad- 
herence to hard and fast rules. Provision 
must be made for the changes in industry 
and the varying conditions under which 
men are employed. It is much to the credit 
of the labor movement, as represented by 
the American Federation of Labor, that it 
is able to keep pace with these industrial 

Organizations started half a century ago 
met conditions as they found them, and 
what might have been a feasible plan for the 
organization of the workers of that time, 
may perhaps be wholly inadequate for the 
present. Union-crushing organizations were 
then not so powerful. Industry had not 
then become so_trustified. Collective 

bargaining was, of necessity, less wide in 
its scope than today. 

The Shingle Weavers’ International Union 
was organized about ten years ago. It then 
seemed wise to limit the membership in that 
organization to the men employed in the 
skilled departments in the shingle trade. 
Experience has shown that while a large 
percentage of the skilled men could protect 
their interests by organization on even so 
small a scale as this ten years ago, now a 
change has occurred. To meet this change 
the source of the workers’ power has also 
had to change. It is no longer the worker’s 
skill that is the chief element of strength. 
The leveling processes of machinery has made 
human skill less and less a factor, has caused 
the worker to realize that now he must 
chiefly rely upon strength of numbers. So 
the members of the shingle weavers’ union 

learned that they must expand in order that 
they might meet the changes in the lumber 

At the Rochester convention of the 
American Federation of Labor a plan was 
proposed for taking into the organization all 
men employed in the lumber industry. The 
American Federation of Labor not only ap- 
proved the plan, but has since been ac- 
tively aiding the work of organization. 
Several thousand woodsmen have been al- 
ready organized, and the sawmill workers 
are also joining in the movement. The future 
seems assured. 

There have been attempts made in the 
past to organize these branches of the in- 
dustry. Some of these efforts have given 
temporary promise of success; but in the end 
all have met with failure. But the past 
achievements of the shingle weavers gives 
confidence to the workers that what has been 
done by this small body, standing alone, 
can be more than duplicated when the co- 
operation of the other branches is secured. 

The organizing movement did not start 
till March 1. Since that time, more than 
twenty local unions have been established, 
besides all of the previously existing local 
unions of shingle weavers have greatly added 
to their membership. All this in the face 
of one of the hardest, and most bitterly 


contested strikes that the organization has 
ever been called upon to wage. Yet from 
the far sections of the United States and 
Canada, comes word that there is a general 
unrest and increasing desire to organize 
among the exploited workers in the logging 
camps and sawmills. 

It is generally felt that at last a feasible, 
workable method had been four.d for bring- 
ing the loggers, the sawmill men, and the 
shingle weavers together into a union that 
shall be as broad in its scope as the industry 
itself. It may be confidently expected that 
the coming year will see great growth in the 
organization that is now known as the 
International Union of Shingle Weavers, 
Sawmill Workers, and Woodsmen. 

The beneficial results that would come to 
the labor movement the country over from 
the thorough organization of this great basic 
industry can hardly be estimated. 

Not the least of the encouragement that 
has come to the workers in the west is the 
strong sentiment developing in all sections 
of the United States toward organization as 
indicated by the passing of the two million 
mark in the American Federation of Labor. 

The labor movement is the hope of the 

J. G. Brown, President. 

The Chartered Society of Amalgamated Lace Operatives 
: of America 

Steady Progress During the Year 

HE following is a summary of the work 

done by the Executive Committee of 

the foregoing organization from Janu- 
ary 1 to June 30, 1913, inclusive: 

During that period there have been 
thirty-five deputations sent out from head- 
quarters to different parts of the country, 
in connection with various .controversies 
occurring in the lace, lace curtain, and 
bobbin-net industries. There have also 

been four strikes successfully terminated 
during that time, ranging from two to ten 
weeks’ duration. 

There has been some improvement 
within the time specified, in so far as the lever 
or go-through branch of the trade is con+ 
cerned, especially at Philadelphia, Pa., and 
Norwalk, Conn., where an adjustment of 
prices was made which increased the earn- 
ings of the lacemakers in those districts 
approximately 12'% per cent. 

While this work has been of the most 
strenuous nature we feel that to accom- 
plish anything in the labor movement, we 
must of course be willing to work hard con- 
tinually, otherwise unscrupulous managers 


employed by the different manufacturers 
will take every advantage possible. 

The Executive Committee have in con- 
templation a movement whereby they may 
be able to organize the trade more thoroughly, 
as there are some districts throughout the 
country that should be better organized, and 
thereby bring great benefit, not only to the 
lacemakers employed in those districts but 
to the labor movement in general. 


Several trade agreements expire in the 
near future, and the re-adjustment of same 
will necessitate considerable energy being 
expended by the officials of the organiza- 
tion; nevertheless, we are full of hope, and 
we trust that the movement will accom- 
plish greater results in the ensuing months 
of the year. 

D. L. Goutp, Secretary. 


Paving Cutters’ Union of the United States of America 
and Canada 

What Trade Movements Have Done 

UR organization as a whole has been 
@) in the fight this year all right. We have 

had more strikes and more trouble 
than at any other one period that I know of. 
The strikes and trouble all over the country 
are partly to be explained by the fact that 
the eight-hour day became operative on the 
first of June and all future agreements had 
to be made on that basis. So shorter hours 
and, in many cases, a demand for an increase 
in wages to make up for the hour that was 
being cut out, no doubt led to many of the 
trade movements. I may safely say that in 
most every place where our men have had 
trouble or have been out on strike, the 
difficulty has been adjusted in our favor. 

The paving cutters of Albion-Medina 
Section have not had an advance in wages 
for thirty years, so in the summer of 1912 
the various committees got together. As a 
result of this meeting it was decided to give 
our employers three months’ notice for the 
cancellation of all past agreements. In 
January, 1913, we presented a new scale of 
prices, calling for the eight-hour day in 
place of the nine-hour day. The new scale 
also called for an advance in wages, both on 
day work and on piece-work. 

The old rate by the day system was 40 
cents per hour or $3.60 per day of nine hours. 
The new rate by the day was 50 cents per 
hour or $4 per day of eight hours. The old 
rate by the piece system was 55 cents per 

square yard. When our new scale was pre- 
sented in January all the employers re- 
fused to sign it. 

On April 1 a strike was declared, not a 
man going to work. For about six weeks we 
played a waiting game. Since the paving 
cutting business is a trade and paving 
cutters throughout the States and Canada, 
are well organized, the employers could 
not fill our places with strike-breakers. On 
April 28 the first break was made. One of 
the employers, who operates three large 
quarries, signed the agreement—that was the 
entering of the thin end of the wedge. 

On May 10 all the other employers, with 
the exception of one company, signed the 
agreement. That put pretty~near all our 
men to work. The remaining company, 
which operates a few large quarries, held 
out until the second of June and then it 
signed. This company had to sign our bill 
in order to do business. So the paving 
cutters throughout what is known as the 
Albion-Medina Stone district gained the 
victory in a quiet and peaceable manner, 
through the very fact that we were organ- 
ized. We got the advance in wages and we 
got the eight-hour day. This victory affects 
about three hundred paving cutters. Our 
men were supported at the rate of $1 per 
day from the funds of the union. Every- 
thing at this time is running smoothly and 
our men are doing fairly well. 

At the present time, we have one big 
strike in progress. It is in the red granite 
district in Wisconsin. The fight is being 
waged over the eight-hour day. The em- 
ployers there do not want to recognize it. 
They submitted a proposition that our men 
work nine hours per day for seven months 
in the summer and seven hours per day for 
the five months in winter. This proposition 
was of course turned down, and our men are 
still out in that section. We have had strikes 
in Rhode Island, New York, North Carolina, 
and other places, and all are now settled 
and the men at work. I wish that I could 


now report the Red Granite controversy 
settled, as it affects about four hundred of our 

Our organization has paid out over 
$5,000 in strike pay for these last three 
months. Taking all things into considera- 
tion, as an organization we have reason to be 
thankful. These strikes and troubles have 
been experiences that will make us a better, 
stronger, and more aggressive organiza- 

President of the Board of Directors. 

International Union of Cutting Die and Cutter Makers 

Forty-Eight-Hour Week the Objective 

HE activities of our union the past year 
have been concerned principally with 
getting the forty-eight-hour work- 

week. We had a strike in Chicago for the 
iorty-eight-hour week, which lasted four 
months. Three shops were involved and the 
strike cost us nearly $2,000. We lost in one 
‘hop, the owner of which is well-to-do, and 
lias other business interests and consequently 
lid not care whether he gave up that branch 
or not. However, he lost his best skilled 
workers, who went to other shops. 

As the Worcester and Marlborough locals 
were not working on a forty-eight-hour basis 
i special convention, held in Boston in March, 
1913, gave them thirty days in which to se- 
‘ure an agreement providing for the forty- 
cight-hour week and arranging the hours so 
is to have only five hours of work on Satur- 
day. These locals, without any trouble or 
loss of time, secured this agreement within a 
week. In additjon they received an in- 
crease in pay of 15 per cent. 

The working week of our union is so ar- 
ranged that we work eight and three-quarters 
hours five days in the week, and four and 
one-half hours on Saturday, which gives us a 

Saturday half-holiday all the year round. 
This arrangement enables the workers to 
begin work Monday morning thoroughly 

Although the New York local has no 
signed contracts with the employers, practi- 
cally the same conditions prevail as would 
under a contract. Time and a half is al- 
lowed for overtime, double time for Sundays 
and holidays, and no work is permitted on 
Labor Day. Moreover every workman must 
be a union man. On several occasions at the 
request of the local, workmen who were not 
in good union standing have been dis- 

We have paid out $1,500 in death claims 
during the past year, which is relatively 
high for our union. Business has been 
particularly good, most of the men working 
every day and overtime during about one- 
third of the year. 

A new local has been organized in Salem, 
Mass., which immediately began work with 
a forty-eight hour week. 

Wit.iaM LALor, Secretary-Treasurer. 
Bronx, N. Y. 


United Brotherhood of Leather Workers on Horse Goods 

A Period of Readjustment 

UR organization has made progress 
during the past year, but it has not 

been sorapidly as we would like. There 
are many things that operate to retard our 
growth; some of them of such a character 
that the course of external interests must 
first be determined before the men of our 
craft can devise plans of reconstruction to 
best promote our interests. 

The harness and saddlery business is itself 
going through a period of reconstruction 
made necessary by the coming of the automo- 
bile, farm tractor, and the expansion of the 
interurban electric railways all of which 
are performing a portion of the transporta- 
tion work formerly done by the horse. Again 
legislation to regulate gambling upon horse 
races operated not only to stop the races 
themselves but to make the breeding of 
thoroughbred harness and running horses 
an unprofitable business. 

The reader will readily appreciate the 
effect upon the business itself and the bur- 
den that would fall upon the mechanics in the 
trade by reason of restricted demand for 
their product. The automobile affects 
the demand for all classes of work from the 
cheapest workhorse equipment to the finest 
grade of driving harness; the farm tractor 
has lessened the demand for plow harness; 
and the interurban road has reached com- 
munities heretofore in touch with the outside 
world through the service of the horse. 

The manufacturers as well as the journey- 
man in the trade were confronted and are still 
confronted with a problem beyond their in- 
fluence or control; that is, the improvements 
upon power vehicles, which are of almost 
daily occurrence. This makes an unsettled 
condition of business for the harness trade, 
and few, if any, are making any effort to do 
more than merely supply the demand as it 

The demand for mechanics fluctuates in 
the different sections of the country, con- 
trolled by crop conditions and the market 

price of farm products. When the immediate 
demand for horse goods has been supplied, 
there immediately follows a laying off of men 
and reduction of working hours for those 
retained; this produces a migratory condi- 
tion for a number of mechanics, excessive 
expense in an effort to find employment, and 
reduced earning power for all mechanics in 
the trade. 

We are also confronted with a National 
Association of Manufacturers in the trade. 
Many of the members of this association 
are hostile to the purposes of the Leather 
Workers’ Union, demanding of mechanics 
seeking employment that they sign articles 
agreeing to quit the union, if members, or not 
to become members so long as they re- 
main in the employ of such firm. The 
necessity of men to earn a living for them- 
selves and families is thus taken undue 
advantage of, and they are practically com- 
pelled to act as individuals against the 
associated interests of their employers. 

No sane man will contend that a mechanic 
can get justice, acting as an individual 
against the combined forces of the em- 
ployers. Since business is not operated in 
the interest of the mechanics, but for profits, 
it then follows that profits get the first con- 
sideration, the mechanic acting as an indivi- 
dual gets what is left or only such amount as 
the manufacturer may determine. It is my 
contention, under a just and equitable inter- 
pretation of the police powers of our law-mak- 
ing bodies, State and national, that statute 
law requiring recognition of the workers in 
their organized capacity is constitutional, as 
it would operate directly to conserve the 
health of the workmen and theit depend- 
ents and to discharge an obligation devolv- 
ing upon society as a whole. 

Briefly, the foregoing are some of things 
that operate against the progress of our union, 
but in the face of such difficulties we are 
making progress in sections of the country, 
where business and conditions are more 




avorable. . There are, as said before, condi- 
tions over which we have no control that 
time and evolution must first solve. The 
organized labor movement as a whole can 
issist in the removal of some of the obstruc- 
tions with which we and other crafts are 

We ask the members of other crafts to 
lend us a helping hand whenever the op- 
portunity presents itself. We know you all 
have your own distinctive problems, but 
there is no man, a member of any organiza- 
tion in the trade union movement, that is 
without some influence he could use to pro- 
mote our interests. Did you ever inquire 


whether the harness on the horse delivering 
the groceries to your home is union made? 
If not, why not! You, Mr. Grand Marshal, 
and you, his aides, did you sit astride a 
union made saddle and hold the reins of a 
union-made bridle in your hands in the 
Labor Day parade? If not, why not? “‘Con- 
sistency thou art a jewel.” 

We all have our faults and shortcomings, 
not coming up to the standards of trade 
union ethics. We can, however, confine 
our failure to the past and the future will 
bring a harvest of benefits. 

W. E. Bryan, General- President. 

Kansas City, Mo. 

Compressed Air and Foundation Workers’ Union of the 
United States and Canada 

Encouraging Progress in Organization 

HIS organization after years of apathy, 
finally woke and is trying to make up 
for lost time The following are some 

oi the problems this organization has met 
with, along with some of the victories in the 
past year: 

In November, 1912, there was a big job 
in progress in St. Louis, Mo., and consider- 
able work in view in that locality. It was 
thought a good venture to send a commit- 
tee of three there to organize a local. 
\ local was started with a membership 
ol thirty-two, and has increased to seventy- 
three. There are prospects of increasing 
the membership to the one-hundred mark 
before the end of 1913. 

During the early part of February, 1913, 
there was acommittee appointed togo around 
to the different jobs in the State of New Jer- 
sey, tosee if they could be organized. This 
committee found the poorest conditions 
ind wages on these jobs, that they had 
seen or heard of in sometime past, so 
i. local was formed in Newark, N. J., 
with fourteen new members. Since this 
local was organized it has increased its 
membership to sixty-seven members, and 
las a very good chance to raise that number. 
This local has the distinction of being the 
first local of this union to initiate a col- 

ored man to membership, and since that, the 

colored men on these jobs are joining as 
rapidly as possible. It has always been a 
puzzle to find the reason why the colored men 
would work on these jobs for such poor wages 
and under such bad conditions, when they 
could get work at the same line with better 
conditions and better wages just by joining 
this union. Several of them explained 
it was the common talk that has been past 
around ever since the work on the big New 
York tunnels that this organization would 
not accept a colored man in its ranks. The 
men thinking this to be true, had never tried 
for membership until they were approached 
on the different jobs and asked to attend an 
open meeting in which the benefits they could 
derive from joining this union would be ex- 
plained. This was not only a gain for the 
colored men, but it was one of this union’s 
victories of the year, as I will explain. In 
the past it was the custom of the contrac- 
tors and bosses to tell the representative of 
this organization that if we were not satisfied 
with the conditions we were getting outside 
of New York they would get the colored men 
to do the work, and similarly the colored men 
who had a grievance with a contractor 
were told that if things did not suit them they 
could stop work, as there were union men 
who would be only too glad to get the work. 
So it was a case of one choking the other, but 


in the future we shall not have to fight 
each other, but we shall work side by 
side and fight our battles together. At 
present there are no laws covering com- 
pressed air work, but if that local keeps up 
the good work, it is the intention of this 
organization to try and have a law passed 
to cover all that work in the State of New 

In the past few years this line of work has 
been rapidly increasing in Canada, so in order 
to get all this work a committee of twelve 
was sent to Canada to select a Province 
in which to start a local. This committee 
selected Montreal, Quebec, as the best spot 
for a local, as most of the work was to be 
done in or around that part of Canada. A 
local was started with sixteen new members. 
It has steadily increased its membership 
until at this date it has a membership of 
eighty-five. There are no laws covering 
compressed air work in Canada, and it is a 
pretty hard job to get decent conditions 
that will induce new men to join. The men 
tell the union members that they are getting 
as good conditions as they would get if they 
belonged to this union, but the members on 
the job of getting the new men are hustlers 
and are getting workers to join in twos 
and threes with the understanding that as 
soon as the jobs are properly organized 
this union will try to have laws passed to 
protect the men working in compressed air 
in Canada. As they are mostly working 
under union foremen and are getting the 
same scale as the union men I do not see 
anything but success. 

As this line of work is picking up all 
through the South and the West, it is the 
intention of this organization to form a 
local in the vicinity of Toledo, Ohio, or 
Cleveland, Ohio This international in- 


tends to start a local in Memphis, Tenn., 
as work will be started in that locality which 
will last for a few years. The St. Louis local 
which is the nearest one to these places, has 
all it can do to take care of the work in that 
vicinity without going outside for work, 
hence it will be necessary to start locals in 
these places as soon as any job starts up. 

During the past year this union has had 
amendments drawn up that would bring the 
State law of New York to the same standing 
as the working agreement of this union. 
We finally succeeded in getting Senator 
Boylan to father this legislation, and 
with his aid we secured the adoption of 
the amendments. It was a hard fight all the 
way through and was on the verge of being 
turned down. But for the timely presence 
of our spokesman, the Contractors’ Associa- 
tion would have succeeded in defeating one 
of the best benefits this union ever had 
drawn up, as this law is the means of pro- 
tecting both life and limb of compressed-air 
workers in the State of New York. 

In the latter part of September, 1912, 
notice was sent to all contractors that com- 
mencing January 1, 1913, there would be 
an increase of fifty cents per day on all 
work done by the members of this union. 
In the early part of January every con- 
tractor was given a new agreement; this 
covered all new work, but did not affect 
work that was bid on before January 1, 
1913, as this was covered by the old scale. 
This advance took effect in all localities, and 
leaves the standard rate of wages at $4.50 
per day of eight~hours for all members, 
and calls for twenty-two pounds air pressure, 
and advances to $5.50 per day for ninety 
minutes work for all pressure-men. 

HENRY KUHLMANN, General Secretary. 


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Conservation is a movement that is a natural, intelligent reversal from our 
wasteful expenditure and of waning supply of resources, 
material and physical. The present day conservation 
movement is practical, constructive, buoyant with hope. 
It preaches the doctrine of sunshine, fresh air, good food, sleep and rest. 

The names of many conservation agencies do not indicate their relation 
to that movement, but that does not disguise their real nature. The organized 
labor movement is one of the pioneers. Asa matter of historical interest, it was 


through the representatives of organized labor that conservation of human life 
was included in the general movement at the first Conservation Conference 
of Governors called by President Roosevelt. The methods of organized labor 
have not always been consciously scientific but have frequently been empirical 
deductions from actual experiences which taught the workers what they 
needed. The labor movement has always aimed at securing for the workers- 
the greater proportion of the population—those things which are economic 
fundamentals for any practical conservation movement, namely, the necessary 
income, a reasonable workday, proper attention to sanitation and safety ap- 

The fundamental issues that are concerned in every social and economic 

ssue of any considerable importance are health and life. As human knowledge 

increases the health problem has increased in complexity—now that we know 
more of the causes of ill-health the burden of prevention is more constantly with 
us. Good health results from good habits and establishing right relations—its 
price is intelligent care and vigilance. Health is no longer entirely an individ- 
ual problem; many social changes have made it a public concern. Efforts 
to secure good health have been greatly modified to adapt them to present 
needs—efforts at first were curative only, then gradually changed to remedial, 
and now are being more and more supplemented or replaced by preventive 
measures. The manifold and various bearings of these preventive measures 
continually remind us that living is an extremely hazardous occupation. 

The desire and the necessity for using things to the best advantage led to 
the conservation movement. Our previous conceptions of the relative value 
of wealth have been modified much by our changed ideas of the transcendent 
value of human beings. It is a matter of course, therefore, that in the Nash- 
ville Conservation Exposition, open during the months of September and Oc- 
tober, attention is paid to human conservation. Human conservation is 
primarily a health and life problem. Every endeavor to safeguard humanity 
in the last analysis is dependent on physical conditions. In addition to indus- 


trial and national conservation divisions is installed in the exposition a com- 
plete health exhibit to illustrate the necessity for conserving the health and 
methods for doing it. The child welfare exhibit is under the direction of the 
United States Children’s Bureau. 

Another event of kindred nature was the International Congress of 
School Hygiene held some few weeks ago in Buffalo, New York. Diverse organ- 
izations whose direct or indirect purpose is physical betterment of the human 
race, contributed to the scientific exhibit, sent delegates, and participated in the 
deliberations. It was most fitting that Secretary William B. Wilson, head of the 
Department of Labor, was delegated to convey to the gathering greetings 
from the Federal Government, since Secretary Wilson has long been associated 
with a great movement for human welfare and is now working for the conserva- 
tion of all the workers of the United States. The underlying thought of the 
discussions of this meeting was that hygiene is the fundamental of education. 
Education is the development and cultivation of all the faculties of the individ- 
ual. Since all faculties are dependent upon physical organs and condi- 
tioned by them, the imperative necessity for maintaining these organs in good 
health is at once apparent. When the laws of the land provide for compulsory 
education and require children to attend school at an early age, public au- 
thority also must assume the responsibility of the health of those in school, for 
group health conservation becomes a public health problem. 

The exhibits and discussions at Buffalo were practical and constructive. 
Presentation of problems was accompanied by solutions—solutions of a 
positive nature to prevent disease. In fact the dominating note of all the plans 
advanced was a crusade for health, not a crusade against disease. That is just 
what the school boys and girls need—wholesome, optimistic instruction that 
will enable them to take care of and develop body, mind, and spirit. 

The necessity for group action to safeguard health is present also in the 
industrial fields. Many employers and Government agents have accepted 
as a working principle this fact which the workers themselves were the first to 
grasp. An illustration of this broadening of policy is the new line of work which 
the United States Bureau of Mines has begun. The bureau has recognized 
that safety in the home is just as important as safety in the mines and has 
organized a sanitation section. To assist in establishing conditions conducive 
to good health in the home as well as in the place of work, the bureau will 
attempt to teach the workers by means of illustrated lectures, moving pictures, 
and pictorial circulars how disease and suffering are spread through careless per- 
sonal habits and unclean, ignorant methods of housekeeping. 

One of the first investigations which the sanitary section purposes is the 
housing problem. At the conclusion of this, it intends to place before the 
miners and mine‘operators defects and methods of remedying them. Not only 
the buildings themselves will receive attention, but the water supply for drink- 
ing, bathing, laundry, and flushing purposes. As mining towns are usually 
‘made towns”’ (as distinguished from growing towns), scientific information 
and assistance will be of especial utility and effectiveness in securing habita- 
tions of the most improved type. 

In addition to the other national public gatherings in the interest of health 


conservation, there might be enumerated the Fifth National Conservation 
Congress to be held in Washington, November 18-20, and the International 
Exposition of Safety and Sanitation to be held December 11-20, in New York. 
This will be a representative exhibition of safety and preventive methods. 

Those people who have done the work of the world, have long been 
forced to bear the suffering and expense entailed by accidents or sickness 
which resulted from their occupations. As concepts of humanity and social 
responsibility have widened and deepened, the conviction has laid hold of the 
consciences of the people that society, which gains by the work of these people, 
must bear its responsibility for the waste and loss of humanenergy. Labor is the 
creative force in the world’s development and progress—a force that must be 
safeguarded lest loss or waste of it hamper the productive, constructive power 
of the nation. It is well then that society continue to take much thought for the 
safety of life and limb of all the workers. 

Labor is not only in sympathy with but will support all movements for 
the conservation and betterment of humanity. In fact, a compelling sense of 
responsibility for human conservation and the desire to protect individual 
interests are among the causes for organization among the workers. In Labor’s 
economic platform are demands for a shorter working day and a living wage— 
two conditions absolutely essential to physical well-being. Organized labor 
insists upon safety, sanitation, compulsory education, and many practical 
educational developments and advantages which aid the individual to reach 
the fullest development. We would have the children develop sound bodies 
and strong, healthy minds, would fit them for productive living, and would 
enable them to do the best work of which they are capable and then assure to 
them a just compensation. 

Evidently the /ast message of ex-Governor Brown to the Georgia State Legis- 

lature and his other attacks on organized labor have not 
BROWN’SHIS : y . . : 
nNAME—HE WAS convinced the people of Ware County, Georgia, that 
GOVERNOR labor organizations are wholly nefarious institutions. The 

message reflected the usual attitude of the man who is 
unable to understand the organization of present day society or its thoughts— 
it was the attitude of an official who would ‘‘teach the laboring man his place,’’ 
and was of a nature to instigate class feeling. In discussing the strike of the 
employes of the street-car company of Augusta, the then Governor Brown 
made this statement: 

“Hence we are brought face to face with the fact that these unions, or combinations of 
employes, not only on public service corporations but, as is generally known, on practically 
all other corporations have forced their wages up above those received by workmen in all 
other departments of iife who have not formed these aggressively militant combinations. 
Tens of thousands of other citizens who are not in these unions, therefore, are confronted by 
the fact that the unions are levying a tax upon them to the extent that they are forcing 
from the employers an inequitable proportion of the wages paid to the general classes in the 

What was intended as a most severe arraignment of the trade unions 
was in reality a most unmistakable endorsement of the efficiency of their 


methods—in fact, might be used as propaganda among the unorganized to 
induce them to join the ranks of organized labor. Although the statement 
concedes that the unions have secured for their members increased wages, 
yet the inference drawn—that this increase constitutes a tax upon the unor- 
ganized—is a fallacy that no longer carries weight with thinking men and 
women. It is a fallacy based upon the old wages-fund theory now so generally 
repudiated by all students and the leading economists and statesmen. The 
mere fact that certain workers receive more wages than others does not prove 
that the increase paid them is a tax upon anybody, but it does indicate that 
higher wages can be paid when demands are made effective. That higher 
wages result in general uplift and social advantage is discernible by all ex- 
cept those made purblind by the avaricious and their satellites, of whom 
Governor Brown is so shining an exemplar. 

But itisa matter of common experience that advantages gained by organ- 
ization are shared by the unorganized as well as by the organized—higher wages, 
shorter workday, better sanitary conditions can not be enjoyed by isolated 
groups without sharing in some measure at least with co-workers. 

Ex-Governor Brown followed the statement quoted with this direful 
warning : 

“If the State not only authorizes these unions, or combinations, to exact higher wages 
than others receive, but also permits them by authority of law or by winking at their viola 
tions of it to hold up the general public and rob it of the facilities of transportation, then she 
can not claim the right to protect any farmer or other person employing labor against his 
employes who might strike and proclaim to him that nobody else should work his crop for 
him; that if he hired any other employes they would burn his dwelling and barns, and if needs 
be, kill him and his new employes to establish their supremacy over him and his property."’ 

The ex-Governor was evidently troubled by a vision of something like 
the Peasants’ Uprising, but he should remember the terrible conditions, 
suffering, and injustice that produced that economic and social cataclysm. 
It is a matter of historic record that a people are goaded into outbursts of 
lawlessness only when the ordinary paths to relief are barred. 

The following seems to be the crux of the ex-Governor’s lament: 

“It is a matter of current note that the power of the labor union to hurt the general 
public and to terrorize public men anxious to retain offices of honor and trust has been found 
in the fact that in several communities it votes solidly in blocks of scores or hundreds for 
those who cater to it and against those who refuse to bow to its demands; but I call your 
attention to the fact that, besides multitudes in the cities and towns whose interests are 
jeopardized by its exactions, there are upwards of 200,000 voters in the rural portions of the 
State whose welfare can only be protected by holding the members of the labor unions to the 
same non-interference with the rights of others and the same accountability to law which 
they admit as governing themselves.” 

Perhaps some political experience has caused ex-Governor Brown to 
learn the power of the independent labor vote. Simply because the laboring 
men differ with him on questions of policy and conviction does not prove 
that the laboring men are wrong in what they regard as the best interests of 
themselves and their fellows, nor does it prove them insincere in seeking their 
specific objects. If, then, these men are sincerely convinced they know more 
about their own welfare than do outsiders, how can this former Governor 


condemn them because they refuse to vote for those who refuse to heed their 
demands? Would he have them vote for a candidate committed to a policy 
that the workers think will do injury to the working people? Should not 
honest conviction determine the casting of the citizens’ votes? Union 
labor men do not claim that they are better or have greater rights than others, 
but they do claim and propose to have justice, equal rights, and equality of 

The Georgia State Federation of Labor appointed a committee to make 
a reply to an unfair, slanderous attack contained in an address upon the 
“Supremacy of the Law,” which the ex-Governor made at a banquet given 
by his military staff. The address dealt particularly with a recent Georgia 
railroad strike and generally with the alleged shortcomings of organized labor. 
The speech was printed in pamphlet form and 250,000 copies mailed through- 
out the State, chiefly to farmers. The report of the State Federation endeavors 
to correct the many misstatements of ex-Governor Brown and to supply his 
numerous wilful omissions of important facts connected with the railroad 
strike. It demolishes his plea that strikes on public utilities should be settled 
by litigation in the regular courts by the fact known to every person who has 
given industrial arbitration even casual consideration. The law-making bodies 
of the land in all arbitration acts recognize the impracticability of resorting 
to the ordinary forms of litigation and provide a more effective method by 
special agencies. The report calls attention to a fact which ex-Governor 
Brown apparently ‘‘forgot’’ when he attempted to align the farmers of the 
State against the urban workers, namely, that the farmers themselves have 
formed splendid unions to-secure to them more just returns from their labor 
through fairer prices and better marketing of products. 

Despite the direful warning that had been given, and perhaps, as a result 
of the incontrovertible argument made for the effectiveness of collective 
action, the officers of the Ware County division of the Farmers’ Educational 
and Co-operative Union and of the Waycross Trades and Labor Assembly, 
on behalf of their members entered into an agreement for mutual helpfulness. 
The agreement contains the following provisions: Mutual assistance shall be 
given by demanding the union label and union card in purchasing and in 
giving preference to union labor; co-operation in promoting legislation that 
can be agreed upon mutually, and the right of independent action upon any 
matter not mutually agreed upon. 

This agreement of forces ought to mean a great forward movement for 
the cause of the farmers and workers of Ware County. As individuals both 
farmers and workmen have been exploited—“‘‘taxed,”’ as ex-Governor Brown 
would say, for the benefit of the commission merchants, market manipulators, 
and employers. United, they will-be able to protect themselves and to secure 
a just compensation for their labor. United, they will be able to participate 
in the enjoyment of the great wealth produced within our country—wealth 
which must be distributed among all the people if all humanity is to benefit 
by our civilization. 

After all is said and done, what is the position in which ex-Governor Brown 
finds himself? The same as that of ex-Congressman Littlefield of National 


Association of Manufacturers’ fame—a special pleader, apologist, and sophist 
for all the iniquities of private and corporate greed. And what of organized 
labor? It will continue its humane uplift work for all the toilers, for all 
the people. Long after the names of Brown, Littlefield, Kirby, Emery, and 
the rest of their ilk shall have been forgotten, or if remembered, remembered 
with scorn and contempt, the great work of the organized labor movement 
will be honored and cherished. 

What’s wrong with the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad? 

Why is it that its railroad bed is reeking with human blood 
THE NEW and its records are crowded with names of humans killed 
HAVEN ROAD and maimed? There have been investigations and inves- 
TO RUIN” nine: ; 

tigations, but never any revelation of real cause. Engi- 
neers, firemen, conductors have been arrested, held up for public condemna- 
tion and imprisoned. Unsafe, rotten cars, an antiquated signal system, de- 
moralized operating service, complete disregard of all discipline, have been 
charged against this system. But these charges get nowhere; they are only 
surface indications of something wrong within. What that something is, is 
what the traveling public and all who value human life wish to know. Only 
an investigation which will get at the heart of things will supply data of any 
practical use in remedying the wrong, 

And the heart of things? Does any one doubt that Wall Street is the 
place to investigate that? Then let him study these authentic figures: 

1905. 1912. 
Capital stock .... $80,000,000 $179,583, 104 
IE iacnsisiccnnie ws 37,000,000 205,067, 100 
Net earnings : ead i 308,052 Deficit....903,228 
Price of stock : . 216 142'4 
Price of stock Sept. 5, 1913 ; Fic capaieeielicieselaia clan 

Dividends, 1905 ....8 per cent. 

Present rate... 6 per cent. 

Is there not enough in those comparative tables to explain the fixed 
habits and customs of the New York, New Haven and Hartford road? The 
necessity of paying dividends on the enormously inflated bond and stock 
issues has resulted in a miserable, profit-scraping managerial policy that has 
diverted funds from the upkeep of the road. Repairs and adoption of new and 
improved safety devices and rolling stock have been delayed until the present 
state of affairs is a constant menace to life and limb of all those who must 
travel that way. This parsimony on the one hand and greed for profits for 
dividends only on the other is explained by Wall Street manipulations. 

The financial juggling of the railroads is an old story—the issuing of new 
stock as a bonus to security holders to conceal earnings, and the stupendous 
inflations that are a part of so-called mergers and faked reorganizations. 
This watered stock represents no real investments; it aids in concealing the 
real earnings of the road; it absorbs funds for dividends that should go to the 
upkeep and improvement of the road; it diverts from the employes earnings 


due to their increased burdens and responsibilities. This over-capitalization 
is a freewill gift to the privileged, is given value only by dividends, and con- 
stitutes a most unjust drain upon national wealth and income. It is an eco- 
nomic crime, not only against the people of our time but also of the future. 

Many who hold briefs for the special interests have tried to place the 
onus of the blame upon the human element concerned in the operating service 
of the road and especially upon organized labor. There are certain frailties 
and weaknesses that have never been eliminated from human nature, con- 
sequently mistakes will occur. But human agents are employed on all lines, 
and it is the charlatan only who charges that the unenviable supremacy of the 
New Haven road in the accident department is due to special depravity and 
criminal heedlessness of the employes of that line. If the present investigation 
is to serve any other purpose than as a palliative to soothe shocked sensibilities 
of the public, it must reveal why the spirit of the New Haven is such as to 
lead to these terrible disasters. Every railroad system, like every business 
enterprise, is a live thing with a spirit of its own. This spirit grows out of the 
minds, policies, and methods of those in responsible control; if they move, 
work, and have their being under the spell of dividends, and only dividends, 
the whole system sacrifices everything else to wring out, squeeze out dividends 
regardless of human life or safety. The responsibility for this spirit rests upon 
those in authority. Reforms must begin with them. 

In former investigations, usually firemen, engineers, flagmen, etc., have 
been arrested and made to bear the infamy of the needless waste of life. 
Responsibility has been laid upon minor agents and has been thinly diffused 
over many people. As an illustration of this policy, we recall an account 
published in the AMERICAN FEDERATIONIST for 1904 of the trial of an engineer 
who had fallen asleep at his post. A railroad collision resulted in which two 
people were killed and several were injured. The engineer did not deny he was 
asleep, but pleaded that he had been on duty for twenty-two consecutive 
hours and that this was known to the management, because he had asked to 
be relieved from the duty of taking out the train which was wrecked on the 
ground that he was not fit physically or mentally to perform the duties re- 
quired. Although the management forced him to take out the train, it was 
neither rebuked nor held for its great wrong. The New Jersey county judge 
before whom the case was tried held the engineer responsible for the wreck, 
declaring it was his bounden duty to refuse to take out the train despite the 
fact that such refusal would have cost him his position. The decision was a 
shock to people with consciences and hearts. 

The engineer on duty when this latest wreck on the New York, New 
Haven and Hartford occurred, swore that from Sunday night at 11 o'clock 
until Tuesday morning at 6.55, the time of the wreck, he had been on duty, 
traveling steadily back and forth between Springfield and Stamford with only 
one hour’s rest at Springfield, four hours’ sleep at his home in Montowese, 
and four hours’ rest at Springfield. 

Under such conditions no engineer could be justly held responsible for 
mistakes of judgment or uncertain nerves. It is the managements that adopt 
such parsimonious policies and risk accidents in order to save a few dollars 


that are the responsible agents. To secure any real guarantee of reforms and 
safety of passenger travel, the officers of the roads must be made to bear the 
real responsibility, both financial and moral; if they assume to undertake a 
public service they must also assume the attendant responsibility. If, as is 
charged, rotten, antiquated wooden cars are used instead of the safer steel 
cars, if the signal service is defective and not of the most improved type, if 
railroad employes are forced or permitted to work over hours, sacrifice every- 
thing to speed, it is of no avail so far as reform is concerned to condemn and 
punish the agents acting under those who establish the policies and create 
the spirit of the road. Unless investigation reveals why those ultimately 
responsible ordain policies and permit the operation of the road to be in such 
a chaotic condition, it can not be of a remedial, constructive character. 

Certain of those who hold briefs for vested interests, particularly the 
New York 7imes, have industriously endeavored to create the impression 
that the chief responsibility for the spirit of the service rests upon organized 
labor. It is a matter of common information that the ultimate aim of organ- 
ized labor is the conservation, protection, and safety of human life. The rail- 
road brotherhoods have done everything in their power to protect their men; 
their demands and proposals have not been such as would result in injury to 
workmen. However, such misrepresentations have little influence with think- 
ing people. Organized labor is ready to aid an investigation that seeks to get 
at the heart of things, that will reveal why the operating service on the New 
Haven is haphazard, why the records of the system are stained by the shed- 
ding of blood and darkened by the waste of life. Such an investigation will 
go back to those who control the spirit of the road, its finances—will go back 
to Wall Street. 

Missouri has made several conspicuous attempts to deal with trusts under 
the State Antitrust law. Her vigorous treatment of the 
THE SHOE Standard Oil Company has been recently recalled to 
rhnmnainyta Baga public notice by a reversal of the policy set forth in the 
ouster decree. Insurance companies have charged the 
Legislature with fickleness of purpose and oppressive regulation. The recent 
difficulties of insurance companies in Missouri have been of particular interest 
because of the practical and legal problems involved. 

The Legislature originally decreed that insurance companies should come 
under the operation of the State Antitrust law. However, in 1911, this 
policy was abandoned for one of State regulation. Under the law of that year, 
insurance companies were required to file rates with the Superintendent of 
Insurance who had authority to approve or reject them. After these actuary 
bureau rates had been compiled at considerable expense, the Orr law was 
passed and took effect June 24, 1913. The Orr law rejects the policy of State 
regulation and reverts to the trust prevention theory—in fact, one of the most 
drastic antitrust laws ever enacted is this special Missouri antitrust law relat- 
ing expressly to insurance. Under the Orr law any agreement between fire 
insurance companies for fixing rates is forbidden as ‘“‘in restraint of trade,” 


punishable by severe penalties including imprisonment of agents up to a limit 
of five years. The use of any insurance rate, or the use or consultation of any 
rate-book, paper, or card containing insurance rates issued or prepared by any 
other company, may be used as evidence to establish a “conspiracy in restraint 
of trade.”’ 

The insurance companies declare the law preposterous and unreasonable. 
A meeting of insurance representatives was held in Pittsburg. It was decided 
that the Missouri regulations made it impossible to continue to do business 
in the State. Over one hundred companies issued instructions to Missouri 
agents not to write, issue, renew, or endorse any policies after April 30. This 
policy was declared a “‘conspiracy”’ to resist the law. The State attorney- 
general secured an order from the State Supreme Court restraining the com- 
panies from terminating contracts then in force. The State thus began an‘ 
attempt to compel insurance companies to do business against their will and 
upon conditions deemed by them unfair. As the Detroit Free Press asserted, 
the attempt came “‘dangerously near to being an attempt to impose involun- 
tary servitude, if not on individuals, at least on corporations.” 

Legal proceedings were begun against the companies which found them- 
selves facing a query that has so often harassed laboring men: Have com- 
panies or individuals the right to decide whether or not they will continue to 
do business? If they are denied that right, does not that denial, to that ex- 
tent, constitute the end of human liberty? 

The latest development reduces the whole affair to a modern Comedy of 
Errors. The attorney-general has withdrawn his suit and has delivered a writ- 
ten opinion in which he declared that the Orr law is void and unconstitutional 
and forbade all subordinate officials to prosecute under it. The attorney- 
general thus entered into a ‘“‘conspiracy”’ with insurance companies to resist 
the law and it was agreed that the compan-es should resume business and that 
the Governor should appoint a commission to study the situation and recom- 
mended ‘“‘reasonable’’ insurance laws. 

Though the storm and the protest have died, yet there has not come an 
answer to the legal issue raised: Can a natural or an artificial person be 
legally compelled to perform a service against his will? It should not be in- 
ferred that we condone failure to fulfill contracts—such failure should be 
penalized by civil suits—but when the attempt is made to enforce the per- 
formance of specific service the fundamental principles of freedom are violated. 
Yet from time immemorial, concerted refusal of the toilers to perform ac- 
customed duties has been termed conspiracy and punished under some form 
of law. The prevailing legislation deemed applicable to this purpose is the 
so-called antitrust legislation. That such application works injustice because 
it classifies persons and things as like entities, we have again and again pointed 
out. Yet the Sherman Antitrust law and State antitrust laws have been 
repeatedly invoked to prevent men as workingmen from exercising rights 
guaranteed by the Constitution and the laws of the land. Workingmen have 
been ordered not to take “‘strike votes” or to strike, not to persuade other 
workers to join in a strike, not to do picket duty, and not to speak or print 
the stories of their complaints. The workers have found these attempts at 


coercion just as intolerable as the Missouri insurance companies found the 
attempt to compel them to continue to do business. Some relief must be 
afforded the workers as well as the insurance companies. As regards Federal 
law, the labor amendment to the last Sundry Civil Appropriations law is an 
expression of conviction of the justice of Labor’s contentions. Although the 
moral influence of that amendment is incalculable, it does not afford the 
necessary relief. Labor will be accorded justice so long denied only when the 
Sherman Antitrust law is ended or amended so as not to apply to the organ- 
ized workers in the exercise of their normal activities. Labor will be satisfied 
with nothing less. 

Military ideals yield slowly to the kindlier, larger ideals of peace. M ‘tary 
experts are trying to envelop the army and navy with new 

MILITARISM and alluring attractions ‘in order to win back waning 

interest and to arouse enthusiasm for a “proper defense 
PREVAIL . ibd 

of the country.”” The War Department has inaugurated 
a policy of interesting college men in ‘‘proper appreciation of each man’s 
responsibility to the country in time of war.” As part of this policy two mili- 
tary camps for college boys were established this summer, one at Gettys- 
burg and one at San Francisco. It is the intention to increase this number to 

These military camps are something new ‘n our Republic and have not 
attracted the critical attention they warrant. It is indeed an open question 
as to whether college students can not spend the summer vacation n some 
other way that will better prepare them to become good citizens and real 
defenders of the country than by preparing to serve “‘efficiently”’ in the army. 
Far better would it be for them to get in close contact with the world of life 
and work, and to test their ability and training in real problems. The military 
may be a necessary evil, but that does not justify military leaders in trying to 
surround it with a glamor that shall make it popular and increasingly promi- 
nent. What our college students should have instilled into them is that justice, 
not war, will most promote the welfare of our nation and will serve as its 
greatest defense. 

In the report of the interview recently given out by Secretary Garrison 
after a tour of inspection throughout the country, there is an expression which 
is either a mistake or of very sinister portent. Secretary Garrison is reported 
as saying that his plan for shortening the term of enlistment and mak: ng it 
dependent upon ability to pass an examination upon military work and study, 
would draw into the army the sons of the ‘‘people of the better classes.” 
It is certainly a very peculiar statement for a Federal official of the govern- 
ment of all the people to make about some of the people. One of our highest 
national officers surely should not seek to fix distinctions between people of 
our country. 

The whole scheme to improve the army has the appearance of an attempt 
to foist militarism upon the people of our free country. Countries that are 


ridden by militarism are seeking to overthrow this octopus that saps the life 
blood of the nation and wastes its resources. America has pursued an anti- 
military policy, and should rouse herself to this danger and defeat militarism 
before it fixes its clutches upon the people. 

Over in New Zealand there is in progress an effort to connect the military 
with the educational institutions. As a stimulus to good scholarship, ‘‘free 
places” or scholarships are given to students who have obtained ‘‘satisfactory 
conduct” marks. These marks were formerly all based upon educational at- 
tainments. Recently, the Minister of Education, who is also the Minister of 
Defense, has ruled that satisfactory conduct marks must include compliance 
with the Defense Act—that is to say, the student who does not undergo mili- 
tary training is debarred from the free scholarship privilege. This is one of the 
causes of the vigorous anti-conscription fight now being waged in New Zea- 
land, and which has created a widespread agitation. 

In France the workers are opposing the new conscription law which 
imposes a three-years’ term of service instead of two. In Germany the toilers 
are protesting against the increased size of the army. Wherever conscription 
laws exist or a large standing army or navy is maintained, the burdens of 
service and taxation fall most heavily upon the working people. This is one 
reason why the working people are such earnest advocates of international 
peace and have done much to promote it. 

Organized labor of America should rouse itself to the significance of the 
policy inaugurated by the War Department and its avowed purpose of un- 
duly fostering interest in the army, and to the possibilities of the plan of the 
Navy Department to add a cruise round the world as an additional advantage 
to be enjoyed by naval cadets. These plans can be carried out only with the 
sanction of public opinion. The workers of our country can and will wield 
their influence in molding public opinion. All should awake to a proper appre- 
ciation of their responsibility to country, inform- themselves, and act—not 
in behalf of military and naval forces but of justice, right thinking, and right 

The morning papers of September 16 published two outrageously unjust 
attacks upon the American Federation of Labor—one 
by James A. Emery and the other by Tom Mann 
The language of the two denouncements was identical. 
As all the world knows, James A. Emery is the lawyer-spokesman’ for 
the most relentless and persistent foes of the toilers of America—the Na- 
tional Association of Manufacturers—foes that are banded together in an or- 
ganization which has left untried no effort which might work the undoing of 
organized labor. Tom Mann, under guise of friendliness to workers, assumes 
the responsibility of injecting himself into American affairs and attacking the 
organization which the workers have built in order to protect their lives and 
their well-being against inconsiderate or avaricious greed for profits. 

An attack by an agent of the National Association of Manufacturers is to 



be expected, for that is the purpose of that organization, but that a man who as- 
sumes to be a worker should join in the hue and cry against the cause of other 
workers and seek to misrepresent the officers of their organization seems indeed 
more than passing strange. The address of Tom Mann reflects strong feeling 
and intense desire to dominate the wills of men, but alas! it reflects an equal 
amount of misunderstanding and misstatement unpardonable and almost 
unexplainable in one presuming to occupy the place of a public speaker and ad- 
viser. It is indeed a grave responsibility one assumes who ventures to inter- 
pret the policy and objects of a movement that affects the destiny of human 
beings—a responsibility that an honest or a wise man would not ignorantly 
nor lightly assume. No public utterance which touches the welfare of humanity 
is of small concern. Misrepresentation, willful or otherwise, should not be per- 
mitted to pass unchallenged. 

Any consideration that might be due to a stranger within our gates Tom 
Mann has forfeited by injecting his presumptious superiority into the national 
movement of the American workers in the struggle they are making to secure 
justice for the toilers. Any consideration that might be due him as a fellow- 
worker he has foregone by his treachery in making common cause with enemies 
of the workers. Any consideration that might be due him as a man entitled 
to his personal opinions or individual convictions he has foregone by his de- 
liberate and malicious perversion of facts. 

Tom Mann had the hardihood to declare in Chicago that the American 
labor movement is a “Labor Trust,’’ and that the American Federation of 
Labor has got far away ‘‘from a sympathetic understanding of the needs of the 
great army of borne-down, unskilled laborers.’’ He further charged that 
instead of ‘‘welcoming into its membership al! who need the benefits of the 
organization, the ‘Labor Trust’ draws a sharp line, excluding the unskilled.” 

To make such charges is a serious matter under any circumstances; to 
make such charges without justification is infamous. Any one with any 
knowledge of conditions among the toilers of America knows that the one power 
that stands between them and oppression, injustice, and sheer brutality of em- 
ployers is the organized labor movement—the American Federation of Labor. 
This is the power that has secured to them better werking conditions, higher 
wages, shorter workdays, protection for life and limb. Whatever has been 
gained has been the result of the protest and the demands of the workers 
in the trade union movement. This spirit of protest against injustice, of con- 
structive, suggestive proposals for betterment, has ever been the dominating 
spirit of the American Federation of Labor. Upon the hearts of the officers of 
that organization has been borne in the weary weight of the needs and wants 
of the toilers. Upon them has been laid the heavy responsibility of bringing 
cheer and happiness into the lives of these people, nor have they ever failed 
in their duties. 

True there is much still to be done, yet much has been done. The American 
Federation of Labor has never deluded those upon whom the burden of the 
world’s work has fallen with a fanciful idealistic state of society or with short 
cuts to Utopias; but the American Federation of Labor has said to one and all, 
join with us to get today an increase in wages, or a reduction of one hour from 


the workday, or a clean working room, and tomorrow we will try for still 
greater benefits which the gains of today make possible of attainment. Our 
purposes have always been immediate, specific, possible, and what is more, 
crowned with success. 

It is folly or worse to charge that the American Federation of Labor 
“excludes the unskilled.”” Even most superficial investigation of our affiliated 
membership will reveal numbers of the so-called unskilled. Belonging to our 
federation are those who dig ditches and trenches, hodcarriers, building 
laborers, laborers in foundries and in the iron works, teamsters, bill posters, 
freight handlers, newsboys and many others. 

One of the earliest declarations of the American Federation of Labor, and 
often reaffirmed without dissenting voice or vote, was: 

“We reaffirm one of the cardinal principles of the trade union movement that working 
people must unite and organize, irrespective of creed, color, sex, or politics.”’ 

In one of the circulars issued by the Federation in millions of copies in 
various lariguages, for general organization purposes, the following declarations 
of basic economic law are made: 

“That to maintain high wages all trades and callings must be organized. 
“That lack of organization among the unskilled vitally affects the organized skilled. 
“That general organization of skilled and unskilled can only be accomplished by united 


Are these declarations not clear, broad and comprehensive, urging all 
workers to make common cause with us? 

In another way Tom Mann aligns himself with those who hound and 
persecute the toilers—he designates the American trade union movement as a 
“Labor Trust.”” Would any man who had the real welfare of the workers at 
heart care to join hands with those who seek to classify their organization with 
capitalistic corporations of insatiate greed for profits and thereby to lay un- 
clean hands upon the union funds and disrupt the organizations by harassing 
litigation? The organized labor movement is not a trust, as even Tom Mann 
knows. So far as Tom Mann himself is concerned, any refutation of this 
statement is useless, for as one of the early philosophers said : ‘‘Do ye imagine to 
reprove words? Seeing that the speeches of one that is desperate are as wind!”’ 
But yet such is the man who would use the power of his manhood and the 
weight of his influence to turn the toilers of our land against the American 
Federation of Labor. Such is the course of the man who vilifies the officers 
of the American Federation of Labor and misrepresents their aims and policies. 
His statements are untrue, his advice is bad, his influence is pernicious. 

Tom Mann is well-known among the organized workers of his own 
country, England, and he dare not venture to utter there in their presence 
what he has so flambuoyantly, untruthfully, and treacherously proclaimed in 
the United States. 

He sought to bring confusion upon the labor movement of America, but 
his words bring only contumely upon himself. 


Trade Unionism in England 

{Exclusive Correspondence of AMERICAN FRDERATIONIST| 

Lonpon, July 30, 1913. 

ITH the‘trade boom still in progress in this 
country we find labor conditions are being 
studied more carefully on all sides. The 

unions of all trades report increased strength and 
the outward and visible signs of this inward well- 
being are shown on every hand. 

For one thing movements for higher wages and 
shorter hours are common. A very important ship- 
building strike was narrowly averted on July 14. 
Practically all of the workers in the shipbuilding 
yards of the country arranged to strike for 25 cents 
a week more on time rates and 5 per cent on piece- 
work rates. The employers, after showing a very 
bellicose front, climbed down half way and offered 
1244 cents weekly and 24 per cent on piece 
work. These terms were accepted by the men. 
Roughly, 15,000 voted for accepting and 5,000 
against. Of course, as usual, the number voting was 
only a portion of the members of the unions. Eleven 
trades altogether were concerned. 

The important Black Country strike was settled 
on July 11. Although altogether between 40,000 
and 50,000 men had been concerned in this strike 
of Midland unskilled metal workers, a large number 
of employers had given way before the final settle- 
ment was reached. In the end only 8,000 of the re- 
maining strikers were entitled to vote and of these 
4,900 voted for accepting the compromise and 1,200 
against. It was a very substantial success. The un- 
skilled workers all around have secured the mini- 
mum of $5.75 a week which they set out to get, al- 
though in some cases 25 cents of this will be deferred 
for six months. With regard to the skilled and semi- 
skilled workers who joined the strike and put for- 
ward claims of their own, they get nothing except 
new conciliation machinery which it is asserted will 
give facilities for obtaining prompt consideration 
of any applications for increased wages. From first 
to last the strike lasted ten weeks. 

The strike of agricultural laborers, the first of its 
kind ever known in this country, also ended with 
substantial gains for the insurgent farm workers. 
The fact that the King was to pay a visit to that 
part of the country where the strike was in progress 
helped to hasten the settlement, as the authorities 
did not desire that there should be any trouble when 
His Majesty passed through. Pretty generally the 
laborers have been promised their $6 a week for 
twelve hours a day and Saturday afternoon free- 
all extra time to be paid for at 12 cents per hour. 
Whether the farmers will begin to create obstacles 
and try to shuffle out of their implied obligations 
now that the King’s visit is over remains to be seen. 

A big strike is in progress at Leith, one of the 
most important ports in Scotland, and the shipping 
trade of the place is tied up. Dockers and allied 
transport workers are concerned and as usual in 
cases of this kind the employers’ association, known 
as the Shipping Federation has been at work at its 
usual dirty business of importing ‘‘free’’ laborers. 
These have been consigned to Leith in the two ves- 

sels retained by the Shipping Federation always 
to house and carry supplies of scabs. These latter 
gentlemen have, however, found Leith:too hot for 
their comfort except under heavy police protection, 
and in fact for a time our present government took 
a hand in the game, sent gunboats to the port and 
landed bluejackets. This kind of thing provoked 
deep-seated resentment among the strikers and their 
wives. Riotous scenes followed in which the women 
took an active part, some buildings were wrecked, 
and a large number of windows smashed. The 
strikers expect to secure a substantial victory 

In the adjacent city of Edinburgh all of the tram- 
waymen employed on the street passenger electric 
car service have come out for demands of their own 
and the tramcars are at a standstill with the excep- 
tion of the very few that are being operated by 
officials. The town counsel made a strong attempt 
to break the strike by importing a large number 
of men from other cities at a heavy expense. These 
have yet to acquire sufficient training to handle the 

A sharp short conflict broke out at Hull, the big 
east coast port, where again the dockers and allied 
transport workers came out for more money. The 
trade of the place came to a standstill within a day 
or two and with big business going oh, a quick settle- 
ment was arrived at in the men’s favor. In other 
parts of the country smaller disputes have been 
and are in progress and on the whole organized 
workers are securing numerous small but opportune 

The strike of the gold miners on the Rand moved 
British trade unionists deeply, although the suppres- 
sion of news from South Africa kept people here 
largely in the dark as to the force of the men’s 
claims. In fact, hardly had we heard of the strike 
before we also heard of the blood-thirsty scenes in 
Johannesburg where the armed forces of the govern- 
ment fired repeatedly on crowds of demonstrators, 
killing a score and wounding and injuring some 
hundreds. The strike appears to have been another 
example of the modern sympathetic movement, 
the victimization of only five men by one mining 
company setting the whole of the Rand alight. The 
prompt restoration of ‘‘order’’ by shedding blood, 
with the threat that more blood would flow, appears 
to have caused the discontent to spread more 
widely over the whole of the industrial sections in 
South Africa, and although the miners have been 
induced to return to work on the promise that their 
grievances will be inquired into, latest news is to 
the effect that a more serious, because more subtle, 
form of strike is to be inaugurated there. To control 
and direct it a secret committee has been appointed 
by the federation, the members of which are said 
to be unknown to the public or even to the mass of 
unionists. The modus of the “scientific strike’’ will 
be this: Labor troubles will be ordered in trades 
where they are least expected, and in districts 
where there are neither troops nor police, and where 
the government is least able to afford protection. 


“Special constables’ are menaced with the fate of 
the blacklegs. As a final stroke the federation has 
decided to boycott the official inquiry now proceed- 
ing into the regrettable shooting of British workers 
by the British troops. 

It is quite clear that South Africa is now seething 
with discontent and resentment. On one side there 
are the great gold mine magnates in control of a 
field producing about $16,000,000 of gold monthly 
and incidentally in control also of most of South Africa 
and backed up all the time by the Dominion Gov- 
ernment. On the other side there are the miners and 
the railway men as the two big sections of organized 
workers. The railwaymen are State employes and 
it has been endeavored to hold them in check by 
threatening them with the loss of their persions 
should they strike either for themselves or in sym- 
pathy with the others. The outlook is exceedingly 
serious and it is clear that the government out there 
will stop at no measures, no matter how sanguinary, 
in defense of the interests of the goldbugs. 

The rumors that are afloat about a possible change 
in the ministry according to which a member of the 
Parliamentary Labor Party will find a place in the 
cabinet at present occupied by a minister whose 
idministration has been generally criticised from 
all sides of the Liberal Party are not to be taken 
very seriously. There is undoubtedly a feeling among 
many radicals that the government at present re- 
quires strengthening on the side where radical prin- 
ciples can most effectively be put into practice. It 
appears to some members that these weaknesses can 
be remedied by the inclusion in the ministry of a 
strong and experienced labor man, but I do not be- 
lieve that there are many supporters of this view 
even in the outside wing of the government sup- 
porters in Parliament. And then there is the question 
of the attitude of the member in question. Many 
who regret those weaknesses in the cabinet feel that 
a strong labor man is more valuable when he pre- 
serves his freedom to criticise and to urge the gov- 
ernment forward than as a member of the govern- 
ment bound to its defense. 

On the European continent at Carlsbad, in 
Austria, there has been held the twenty-fourth 
international convention of miners, delegates at- 
tending from all European countries and America 
to the number of about 200. One big discussion was 
on the peace question and it was again suggested 
that the coal miners of the world hold the matter 
of peace and war in their hands through their ability 
to withhold coal supplies. The British delegates 
proposed that whenever there was danger of war the 
miners should hold an extraordinary international 
congress which could decide upon preventive 
measures. The British proposal to enter this subject 
upon the order paper was rejected, but the delegates 
from Germany, France, Belgium, and Austria- 
Hungary expressed a qualified sympathy with the 
suggestion. Resolutions were passed on July 22, 
in favor of a maximum working day of eight hours 
for all miners, of an obligatory rest of sixteen hours 
between shifts, and of a maximum day of six hours 
for those who work in hot or wet places. 

. —_—_—— 

LONDON, August 29, 1913. 
August 25, as a result of notices handed in on the 
previous Saturday, all the organized painters and 

decorators in London struck work. They demanded 
an increase to a minimum rate of 21 cents per hour, 
with other improved conditions and recognition of 
their union. This meant an advance in wages of either 
3 or 4 cents per hour according to whether the man 
was classed as a painter or as a decorator, the latter 
craftsmen having ruled | cent per hour higher than 
the former. Fears that owing to there being so 
many painters outside the unions in London the 
strike could only be a modified one were soon put 
to rest by the fact that the non-union painters came 
out day by day with increasing solidarity. Another 
weakness of the painters’ union lay in the fact that 
there were in London too many independent unions 
for the same craft. Some of the smaller unions 
promptly disbanded and joined one of the larger 
unions, and any way there was no conflict in the 

On the employers’ side the matter was left largely 
in the hands of the master painters’ association, al- 
though the building employers’ federation was a 
second line of defence against the men’s attack. 
The painters’ unions felt able to rely on the willing 
support of the other building trade unions with 
which they are federated, and with which there have 
been during the past twelve months proposals of com- 
plete amalgamation. 

After the strike had been running for a day or two, 
a numter of employers gave way where the jobs were 
urgent and strong efforts are being made to settle 
the strike quickly and on the men’s terms. It is 
widely recognized that the painters have had no 
appreciable raise for twenty years past, during 
which time the cost of living has increased as much 
as 30 per cent, so far as the principal commodities 
are concerned, including rent, and that the painters’ 
demand is quite reasonable, in fact overdue. 

Unrest is also being shown in other parts of the 
country, especially in the transport, railway, and 
mining industries. Lord St. Aldwyn’s award under 
the minimum wage act for the South Wales coal- 
field will shortly expire, and on August 25 hoth 
owners and workmen’s representatives tendered 
three months’ notice to terminate the award, with a 
view to negotiations for new terms. 

The Scottish Miners’ Federation has been in con- 
vention. President Robert Smillie in his opening 
address reviewed the Scottish mining situation and 
declared that the miners were not getting anything 
like a fair share of the trade prosperity. He also 
put forward the surface workers’ claim for a 15 per 
cent increase on the rates ruling previous to the 
strike last year. The delegates supported him and 
resolutions were carried demanding the enforcement 
of double pay for Sunday labor, protesting against 
evictions during trades disputes, and the use of 
military forces to defeat the workers, and favoring 
compulsory bathing at mines. 

The annual convention of the miners’ federation 
of Great Britain is due to be held at Scarborough, 
one of England's greatest seaside resorts, during the 
first week in October. The agenda relating to ques- 
tions affecting the mining industry are heavier than 
for many years past. The minimum wage act of 
last year is the subject of three resolutions seeking 
its continuation in an amended form and the exten- 
sion of the principle of a fixed minimum to surface 
workers. There are also several resolutions asking 
for a new wage basis in substitution for the present 


standards, and a five-day working week will be the 
subject of discussion. 

Railwaymen, who are now more highly organized 
than ever before in the history of labor since the 
formation of the National Union of Railwaymen, are 
keeping to the front with their national campaign 
for an eight-hour day and a minimum wage of 
$7.50 per week. Among the members there is also 
grave discontent manifested with the conciliation 
boards. Summing up the trouble briefly, it may be 
said that the officials of the union are in favor of 
giving the conciliation boards a more extended 
trial, whilst the majority of the men appear to be 
in favor of ending these committees. 

The International Transport Workers’ Federa- 
tion has been in convention in London, presided over 
by Charles Lindley of Sweden. Delegates attended 
from the principal European countries and emphasis 
was laid upon the wisdom of building up in every 

country strong industrial transport workers or- 
ganizations. One party in the convention was for 
more centralization while another party rather 
favored the continuance of independent units in 
each country. 

Serious unrest is manifested amongst the Dublin 
tramwaymen who threaten to strike, and very en- 
thusiastic meetings have been held under the aus- 
pices of the Irish Transport Workers’ Union. As a 
result of some fiery speeches delivered by James 
Larkin and other Irish transport leaders, five of them 
have been arrested and charged at Dublin with 
seditious libel and seditious conspiracy by holding a 
meeting ‘‘for the purpose of raising discontent and 
disaffection between the working classes of Dublin 
and the police forces and the soldiers of the Crown, 
and with inciting to murder and unlawful assembly.” 
This will no doubt strike the American reader as a 
very quaint charge. 


The World casts its burden on Labor, 

And most of its sorrows and care, 

The heavy and terrible crosses 

Are all for the toiler to bear; 
But in spite of trouble and worry, 

That shut out the sunshine today, 
There’s promise of brightness tomorrow— 

Unfavorable are the conditions 

Some gladness to lighten the way. 

And tumults and conflicts abound, 

But the organization gives promise 
That some better way may be found; 

That union of labor learns wisdom 

And testing its strength as it should, 
Shall combine with world-wide endeavor 

To overcome evil with good. 

But there’s promise still for improvement, 

And courage must win in the fight, 

Where the battle with wrong is raging 
There’s victory promised for right; 

And, friends. we believe in that promise, 
That boosts a man out of despair, 

And gives him the strength that protects him 
From the Greed that has placed him there. 

—Margaret Scott Hail. 








In this department is presented a comprehensive review of industrial conditions throughout the 

This includes: 

A statement by American Federation of Labor general and local organizers of labor conditions in 

heir vicinity. 

Increases in wages, reduction of hours, or improved conditions gained without strikes. 

Work done for union labels. 
Unions organized during the last month. 

City ordinances or state laws passed favorable to labor. 

Strikes or lockouts; causes, results. 

A report of this sort is rather a formidable task when it is remembered that nearly 1,000 of the 
ganizers are volunteers, doing the organizing work and writing their reports after the day’s toil is finished 

n factory, mill or mine. 

The matter herewith presented is valuable to all who take an intelligent interest in the industrial 
evelopment of the country. It is accurate, varied, and comprehensive. The information comes from those 

uniliar with the conditions of which they write. 

These organizers are themselves wage-workers. 

They participate in the struggles of the people for 

etter conditions, help to win the victories, aid in securing legislation—in short, do the thousand and one 
hings that go to round out the practical labor movement. 

Through an exchange of views in this department the wage-workers in various sections of the country 
ind the manifold branches of trade are kept in close touch with each other. 

Taken in connection with the reports from secretaries of international unions, this department gives 
: luminous vision of industrial advancement throughout the country. 


Brick and Terra Cotta Workers 

Wm. Van Bodegraven.—Three new local unions 
have been chartered during the month at Perth 
\mboy, South Amboy, and Keasby, N. J. State 
of employment is good. 

Tile Layers 

James P. Reynolds.—Two local unions have been 
formed during the month, one at Providence, R. I., 
ind another at Uniontown, Pa. There is a strike 
pending to establish the union shop in Winnipeg, 
Can. State of employment good. Local unions in 
Rochester, N. Y.; Indianapolis, Ind., and Buffalo, 
N. Y., secured an increase for helpers without diffi- 
culty. Our international union is in excellent condi- 
tion, and prospects are good for a brisk fall and winter 

Painters and Decorators 

J. C. Skemp.—Membership increased during the 
past month 2,299. Death benefits to the amount of 
$10,450 were paid out, and $1,250 expended for 
sick and disabled members. 

Powder and High Explosive Workers 
Ira H. Sharpnack.—State of employment fair and 

improving. Considerable agitation is being carried 
on for the union label. 

Steel and Copper Plate Printers 

Charles T. Smith—State of employment mod- 
erately good, and improving. There is under con- 
templation an extension of our organization by a 
membership- at-large plan, whereby plate printers 
working in towns where there are not sufficient 
number of workers employed to form a_ union, 
may receive certificates of membership from the 
international office. 

Journeymen Tailors 

E. J. Brais—Expenditures for death benefits 
during the month reached $1,040, while $2,396 
was expended for sick and disabled members. Strikes 
are still on at Los Angeles, Cal.; Toronto, Can., and 
Cincinnati, Ohio. State of employment dull, owing 
to the slack season. 

Wood Carvers 

Thomas J. Lodge.—The wood carvers at Indian- 
apolis, who were on strike in support of the mill men 
affiliated with the United Brotherhood of Carpenters, 
have secured work in other cities. The state of em- 
ployment is fair and improving. 




Bisbee.—George Powell: 

Condition of organized labor good. The organiza- 
tions are growing fast, gaining numerically and in 
strength and influence. Employment is steady 
in most of the trades. Good work is being done for 
the union labels. 


Santa Barbara.—C. F. Edie: 

All organized crafts are maintaining their scales, 
but the unorganized are entirely at the mercy of the 
employers. Employment is fairly steady. 

Santa Cruz.—J. Tondorf: 

Condition of organized labor fairly good. There 
is very little employment at the present time. Or- 
ganized men in the building trades are getting much 
more work than the unorganized. There is a general 
demand for the union labels. 

San Francisco.—John O. Walsh: 

The condition of organized labor is good as far as 
wages and conditions are concerned, but this is the 
dull season. The ladies’ tailors and suitmakers are 
on strike for an increase in wages and better condi- 
tions. Committees are active in visiting local unions 
on behalf of the union labels. 


Leadville-—Alfred Pomeroy: 

Condition of organized labor not very good. Em- 
ployment is unsteady. The eight-hour law has been 
put into effect with a comparative decrease in wages. 


Derby.—H. W. Hallock: 

Condition of organized labor good, unorganized 
fair. The painters secured an increase in wages 
of 28 cents per day, making the scale $3.28 per 
day, and in addition secured a forty-four-hour 
week. The sheet metal workers have organized. 

Thompsonville.—Peter P. Fuge: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 
is steady. Organized labor is gaining slowly. Con- 
siderable work is being done on behalf of the union 
labels. A union of plumbers and steamfitters is 
under way. 

Willimantic.—F. J. Hill: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is steady. A building trades council has been formed. 

Good work is being done for the union labels. A 
union of pearl button workers has been formed at 
West Wilmington, Del. 


Wilmington.—C. M. Herdman, Jr.: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Much work 
is being done to secure additional members to the 
unions. Employment at present is steady. Much 
work is being done for the union labeis. 


Fort Myers.—W. J. Burke: | 
Condition of organized labor is not good at present. 

Employment is exceedingly slack, caused by the 
failure to secure an eight- hour day, but another at- 
tempt will be made again at the first opportunity. 

Titusville —Luther Hitchcock: 

Condition of organized labor is fairly good. There 
is plenty of work being done by unorganized labor. 
Employment is unsteady. Considerable work is 
being done for the union labels. 


Athens.—D. B. St. John: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is steady. The central body has appointed a com- 
mittee to assist in organization work. The printers 
are making a strong campaign for the union labels. 
The stage employes recently organized have just 
received their charter. Efforts are being made to 
organize the machinists. 


Alton.—John Gearey: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is steady at present. Carpenters secured an ad- 
vance of 5 cents per hour without any trouble. 
The retail clerks are having success in securing 
agreements for a $5 per week minimum wage. Or- 
ganized labor is the recipient of shorter hours and 
better wages. Since the close of the fight between 
the building trades and the builders’ association, 
there has been very little friction in building opera- 
tions. The cigarmakers are putting up a good cam- 
paign for the union labels. 

Belleville —-Alois Towers: 

Condition of organized labor good, although 
employment is not very steady. Local electrical 
workers are having difficulty with the Bell Tele- 
phone Company on account of their employment 
of members of the dual electrical workers’ union. 
Practically all of the merchants carry a line of union 
label goods. 

Breese.—Charles Blake: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is fairly steady in all trades. A union label com- 
mittee is active. 

Carlinville—R. Bohrman: 

Condition of organized labor good and employ- 
ment is steady. Organized labor has gained a great 
many advantages in the State favorable to labor. 
Good work is being done for the union labels. Two 
local unions have been formed, one of cement 
workers and the other sheet metal workers. 

Carthage.—W. E. Troute: 
Condition of organized labor fair. No changes in 
conditions have taken place since last report. 

Du Quoin.—H. C. Roorbach: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Miners are 
working about half time and employment on 
street paving is irregular on account of lack of 
material. Building tradesmen have been better 
employed during July and August than for several 
years. Considerable work is being done for the 
union labels. A union of retail clerks is under way. 



—- FF — 

Edwardsville—William H. Brennan: 

All building crafts are now completely organized, 
a union of plumbers having just been organized. 
Employment is fairly steady. Teamsters have 
secured an eight and nine-hour day in place of ten, 
and wages were increased from $1.85 to $2.25 for all 
teamsters. The federal labor union has secured a 
scale of $2.25 for an eight-hour day, without friction. 
Employes in the mineral water plant have been or- 
ganized and the union label is to be placed upon the 
product. The city council passed an ordinance to 
employ union labor only. 

Galesburg.—Conrad F. Nystrom: 

Condition of organized labor good, wages being 
better than in many larger cities in the central west. 
Unorganized labor in good demand, but wages range 
about $2 for ten hours. Employment is fairly 
steady. The sheet metal workers and the brick- 
makers are on strike. An active committee ap- 
pointed by the trades and labor assembly is boosting 
the union labels. The ice handlers were recently 
organized. The building trades council has also been 
organized. Two new unions are under way. 

Herrin.—Abe Hicks: 

Condition of organized labor good in all branches, 
except the federal labor union, which has suffered 
some reverses. Employment steady in all lines ex- 
cept the mining industry, which is running about 
half time. 

Kankakee.—Norris Stone: 

Organized labor is in the best condition at present 
that it ever has been in this city. Employment 
is steady and there is a demand for tradesmen 
in the building trades. Through the efforts of the 
building trades council, the Kankakee Fair Associa- 
tion is employing union labor. Merchants are being 
prevailed upon to increase their stock with union 
labelled goods. Efforts are being made to organize 
the cement workers. 

Kensington.—H. C. Diehl: 

Condition of organized labor good, and while 
employment is good for the unorganized they are 
compelled to work longer hours than are union men. 
The teamsters secured an increase in wages without 
strike. Ona general average the union men receive 
10 per cent more than the unorganized in this dis- 
trict. It is reported that the Pullman shops are 
about to install the Taylor system. This fact has had 
the effect of arousing all the trades employed and 
when actual installation commences, difficulty will 
undoubtedly follow. Some of the trades are pre- 
paring to demand a higher wage-scale and much 
agitation is being carried on quietly among the non- 
union men, and when the speeding-up process com- 
mences, it is likely that a big organization will be 
formed in the shops to contest the new system of 
work. Much effort has been expended on behalf 
of the meatcutters and butcher workmen of Rose- 
land and their union has grown to a considerable size 
as the result; also securing a reduction in hours and 
an increase in wages. Since the bartenders were 
organized recently they have secured one day off 
a week and a weekly half-holiday. Practically 
every product bearing the union label is on sale in the 
various stores. 

Monticello —W. W. Griffith: 

Both organized and unorganized labor steadily 
employed. Members of organized labor insist on the 
union label appearing on all products. 


Murphysboro.—C. H. Andre: 

Condition of organized labor good. Much interest 
is taken by the members of all unions and conditions 
are improving. Employes of railroads and mines are 
steadily employed, while the building trades are 

employed during good weather. All products bear- 
ing the union labels are pushed. 

Mascoutah.—Edwin Schilling: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is steady. Good work is being done for the union 

Witt.—Allan S. Haywood: 

Most of the crafts here are organized and condi- 
tions are fair. Painters have just secured a charter 
and the clerks’ union is under way. Employment 
is steady, except for miners. Excellent work is being 
done on behalf of the union labels. 


Goshen.—J. O. Mick: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is fairly steady. Some work is being done for the 
union labels. 

Elkhart.—J. O. Vance: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is steady. Considerable work is being done for the 
union labels. Bartenders were recently organized 

Lebanon.—Charles Williams: 

Condition of organized labor very good. There is 
some activity toward organization in the shops, but 
nothing tangible has as yet occurred. Employment 
is not steady. 

Logansport.—Dora Smith: 

Organized labor is in good condition. The re- 
cently organized retail clerks’ union has obtained 
better working conditions; they do not have to work 
on railway pay nights asformerly. Employment is 
good in all lines. The cigarmakers’ union secured an 
advance in wages of $1 per thousand on all cigars 
and better shop conditions. The striking plumbers 
have started a co-operative shop. All union labels 
are well supported. 


Independence.—W. W. Roach: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
has been steady for the last two months. A number 
of improvements have been secured without strike 
There is a general demand for products bearing the 
union label. . 

Blue Rapids.—G. O. Norris: 

Condition of organized labor good and becoming 
better. Employment is steady. Miners have se- 
cured an increase after a five weeks’ strike. Union 
men here purchase only goods bearing the union label. 
Efforts are being made to organize the retail clerks. 

Wichita.—Walter V. Scott: 

Organized labor is improving slowly. Employ- 
ment has been fairly good. Plans are being per- 
fected to provide a labor headquarters and library 
for the unions of the city. A standing committee 
is doing good work for the union labels. The plaster- 
ers were organized during the last month. 


Lake Charles —J. M. Theall: 
Organized labor is 50 per cent better off than the 
unorganized here. Employment is steady. As the 
result of a strike the plumbers secured a compromise 


settlement of $4.50 a day, a good advance over 
the old scale. Effective work is being done for the 
union labels. Sheet metal workers were organized 
during the past month. A union of blacksmiths is 
under way. 


Augusta.—John H. Bussell: 

Labor conditions good in all branches. Employ- 
ment is steady. Organized labor has been very 
successful in bettering conditions without strikes. 
The sale of union label products is being steadily 
advanced. The clerks’ union recently organized is 
making good progress. There is a movement now 
on foot to organize the employes of the traction sys- 

Bangor.—Joseph F. Carr: 

Condition of organized labor good, unorganized 
fair. Employment in the building trades fairly 
steady now, after the early part of the season having 
been very slack. Employment in other trades good. 
Good work is being done for the union labels. 

Bath.—Herbert M. Rogers: 

Organized labor is in fair condition. Employment 
is not very steady, except in the shipyards and 
foundries. A union of carpenters is under way. 

Livermore Falls —Archie McCaffery: 

Condition of organized labor good; that of un- 
organized bad. Employment is again steady in all 
industries. The International Paper Company is 
again running its mills six days a week. . A live 
committee appointed by the Central Labor Union 
is boosting the union labels. 

Portland.—Joseph H. DeCosta: 

Condition of organized labor fair and unchanged 
during the past month. The unorganized have made 
no advances. Employment in the building trades 
is quiet, while the miscellaneous trades, aside from 
printers, are quite busy. The barbers have received 
an increase in wages. There is a fair demand for the 
union labels. 

Portland.—Edward A. Hopkins: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is fairly steady. Products bearing the union labels 
are in increased demand, through the efforts of trade 
unionists. A union of machinists is under way. 


Concord.—James J. Mara: 

The painters, carpenters, 
masons, and plasterers are organized here and 
employment is steady and wages good. Organized 
labor receives far better pay and better working 
hours than the unorganized. 

Dorchester.—Philip J. Byrne: 

Have been doing union label work in Massachu- 
setts and Vermont and find a growing interest for 
organization and increasing demand for union label 

Lowell.—Chas. E. Anderson: 

Condition of organized labor fair as compared with 
the unorganized. Unions are increasing in member- 
ship at every meeting. Employment is fair. One 
carpenters’ union, known as the millmen’s local, 
has reduced the hours of labor from fifty-five to 
fifty-two and one-half hours per week, without 
strike, and without a reduction in the rate of wages. 

stone masons, brick- 


A representative of the International Association of 
Machinists is engaged in an organizing campaign 
in this city and his efforts are meeting with success. 
The machinists have been largely unorganized i 
Lowell, but the outlook is now that a strong organi- 
zation will be maintained in the future. This is 
arousing the other unions to activity and their mem- 
bership is also increasing. A ladies’ auxiliary of the 
street railway men’s union has been organized 
and is boosting the union labels. The ring spinner 
fixers have been issued a charter by the United Tex- 
tile Workers. 

Middleboro.—Will Anderson: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is steady. Business in the shoe and building trades 
is good. 

Pittsfield —John D. Mickle: 

Organized labor has improved its condition during 
the past three months, and the unorganized are ap- 
parently beginning to wake up. Employment is 
fair. A union of machinists is under way. 

Sharon.—B. S. Bolles 

Condition of organized labor is good. Employ- 
ment is steady. The Fall River strike of the car- 
penters was won by the union, an increase in wages 
and shorter hours were secured. Considerable 
activity is displayed in boosting the union labels 


Albion.—Herman C. Kamp: 

Condition of organized labor fair. The automo- 
bile workers’ union has succeeded in improving its 
conditions since organization. 

Bay City.—H. B. Radigan: 

Employment in the mining industry unsteady. 
Other crafts steady. Working conditions have been 
materially improved as a result of the new compensa- 
tion law. Most of the organized crafts work eight 
hours, while the unorganized work from ten to twelve 
hours per day. The Central Trades and Labor Coun- 
cil is taking a deep interest in the strike of the copper 
miners. A publicity campaign is being adopted for 
the benefit of the union labels. A federal labor union 
is under way. 

Detroit—David Thomas: 

The condition of organized labor is better than 
that of the unorganized, although there is a vast 
army of unemployed. There is much agitation being 
carried on for the union labels 

Houghton.—Frank Lorenz: 

Organized labor is receiving better pay than the 
unorganized. Employment is steady with the ex- 
ception of mine employes. This includes miners, 
mill and smeltermen, who are on strike. The miners 
are on strike for a $3 minimum wage, three men on 
two machines and eight hours a day. Union label 
goods are generally demanded by union men 


Minneapolis.—John D. Chubbuck: 

Organized labor of the Twin Cities is in good 
condition and all trades are busy, with good pros- 
pects for work continuing brisk until the close of the 
season. Building trades are still advancing and se- 
curing better conditions year by year. Electrotypers 
of Minneapolis, after a strike of four weeks, secured 
the eight-hour day and all other conditions demanded. 

Papermakers of Little Falls and Sauk Rapids are 
still on strike for the eight-hour day, with good 
prospects of winning. AL label trades are advertising 
their labels. Bartenders of St. Cloud were recently 
ganized. The engineers and janitors of the Uni- 
ersity of Minnesota have held meetings for the 
surpose of organizing a union in the near future. 

Moorehead.—A. W. Bowman: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 

steady. Label committees are busy boosting 
the union labels. A union of stonecutters was or- 
anized during the month. A union of cement 
vorkers is under way. 

Red Wing.—Loui Hallenberger: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment is 
cady. There is some demand for the union labels. 


Gulfport.—J. H. Pearson: 

Organized labor is still continuing the struggle to 
rganize the unorganized. Employment at present 
unsteady. The improvements secured here have 
cen without strike. Some work is being done for 
1e union labels. 

Uc Comb.—L. E. Ross: 

The unions in this city are all on strike, and the 
utcome can not be predicted at this time 


Columbus.—Walter Ballinger: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
teady. There has been a steady increase in im- 
roved conditions and bettering of wages in all 
ganized trades. The typographical union is doing 
much work to further the union labels. A union of 
ithers was recently formed and a union of electri- 
ians is under way. 


Boseman.—John W. Davis: 

Organized labor is in fair condition, except the 
suilding trades, work in the latter being exceedingly 
lack, with employment correspondingly unsteady. 

Roundup.—W. H. Morgan: 

Condition of organized labor good. During the 
past year the barbers and bartenders were organized 
and other fragments of trades gathered into a federal 
labor union. While there has been some opposition 
{rom the Business Men’s Association, the unions have 
heen successful in combating it and advancing their 
organization. The members of the building trades 
at the present time are all busy. 


South Omaha.—Henry J. Beal, Jr.: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment is 
insteady. Some work is being done for the union 


Manchester.—John J. Coyne: 

Organized labor is in good shape, compared 
with that of the unorganized. Employment is 
steady at present. Telephone linemen have secured 
a Saturday half-holiday, as also have the plumbers; 
these half-holidays to be operative during the summer 


months. These accessions were secured without 
dithculty. The electrical workers are gaining 
in mempership. Fairly ettective work is being done 
for the unton labels. The sheet metal workers of 
Concord and the operative plasterers of Manchester 
were recently organized. 


Bound Br 

Condition of organized labor generally is good, 
except in one of the plants here the plumbers have 
been “‘treated”’ to a reduction in wages, with cuts 
in other trades promised. Employment is steady. 
Condition of organized labor, as compared with un- 
organized, good. kflorts are being put forth to or- 
ganize the electricians and lathers. 

Long Branch.—D. K. White: 

Conaition of organized labor fair, but work is 
slack and prospects not very favorable for the 

New Brunswick.—Walter Reynolds 

Condition of organized labor good, compared 
with the unorganized. kmployment ts steady. There 
is a great contrast between the condition ot the or- 
ganized and the unorganized workers. Some effec- 
tive work is being done tor the union labels. The 
barbers, who are now affiliated with the 1. W. W., are 
about to change their affiliation to the recognized 


Buffalo—Edward Flore: 

Condition of organized labor fair 
is steady. 

Buffalo.—Thos. A. La Vere: 

Organized labor is 25 per cent ahead of the un- 
organized. All local unions are gaining in member- 
ship and efficiency. Employment is tairly steady 
The molders are on strike in a few of the small 
shops. The organizations of street-car men have 
made a splendid showing since organization. The 
household workers have been organized 

Cohoes.—Jesse Walker: 

Condition of organized labor good, with employ- 
ment steady. Condition of organized labor much 
better than the unorganized. Label agitation 
has kept up continually here. A union of machinists 
was organized recently. 

Hudson.—Alburtis Nooney : 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 
is steady. The molders were recently organized and 
a new local union of machinists has applied for a 
charter. Considerable agitation is being carried on 
for the union labels. A union of horseshoers is under 

Middletown.—Walter Hefferman: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 
is fair. Organized labor in far better condition than 
the unorganized. The cigarmakers are doing much 
advertising for their union label and a committee is 
at work endeavoring to advance the sale of their union 
label products. 

Ogdensburg.—E. L. Emmert: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is steady. The longshoremen's union has secured 
an increase in wages and gained recognition. Or- 
ganized labor is in better shape in every respect 



than the unorganized. 
engaged in boosting the union labels. 
Silver Springs.—Fred J. Staffen: 
Condition of organized labor good. 
is steady. 

Committees are actively 


Syracuse.—E. F. Carroll: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is steady, rather better than normal for this season 
of the year. Condition of organized labor leads as to 
hours and wages. A strike is being conducted by 
the sheet metal workers in one of. the shops having 
government contracts. Much work is being done for 
the union labels. 

Waverly.—Thos. E. Falsey: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 
is steady at present. The eight and nine hour day 
prevails here among union men, but they get better 
wages than the unorganized who work a minimum 
of ten hours. Considerable work is being done for 
the union labels. A union of musicians was organized 
here during the month. 


Akron.—E. E. Zesiger: 

Organized labor in good condition, with a steady 
increase in membership in all local unions. Employ- 
ment is fairly steady. The Carpenters’ District 
Council has been organized with Summit County 
and vicinity embraced. Committees are at work 
boosting the union labels. The new mechanics’ lien 
law took effect August 1. A union of foundry em- 
ployes was recently organized and a union of hod- 
carriers is under way. 

Cleveland.—Michael Goldsmith: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
steady. Musicians have gained an increase. Ice 
wagon drivers secured $1 and $2 a week increase, 
as did also the stage hands. Everything possible is 
being done to advance the sale of union label goods. 
The local union of teamsters is increasing rapidly in 

Cleveland.—Ed. McEachern: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 
is steady. The Union Label League is doing good 
work. A union of meter readers is under way. 

Elyria.—C. E. Haury: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 
issteady. Tinners and slaters, although unorganized 
are on strike. Polishers have secured the nine-hour 
day without reduction in pay. A fair demand is had 
for union label products. A union of painters is under 

Ironton.—John H. Hortel: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is steady. Much work is being done for the union 
labels. The city council passed an ordinance es- 
tablishing the eight-hour day for all city employes. 

Lima.—E. C. Young: 

Condition of organized labor fair. The new scale 
for printers on newspapers is: floormen, $16; ma- 
chine operators, $18; machinists and foremen, $20; 
night work being $2 higher. Conditions are im- 
proving in nearly all crafts and much activity is 

Pomeroy.—John W. McIntosh 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
not very steady, activity as a result of the flood 

having quieted down. There are several new unions 
under way. 

Wellsville-—Frank Smurthwaite: 

Organized labor is improving. Employment 
is fairly steady, the potteries working to their full 
capacity. The railroad employes are working eight 
hours at present. Organized labor is in far better 
condition than the unorganized. A fair demand is 
had for all union labels. 


Poteau.—I. L. Jewel: » 

Condition of organized labor fair. About one- 
third of the carpenters are organized, while painters 
are well organized. Employment steady at present 
Painters secured a raise without difficulty. 


Erie.—C. Churchill: 

Owing to the molders’ strike, which has been in 
progress for ten months, everything is quiet. The 
State constabulary has been brought in here by the 
manufacturers and the town is full of strike-breakers 
and Burns’ thugs, and consequently employment is 
unsteady. Organized labor is discriminated against 
by the manufacturers and all union men are requested 
to remain away from Erie until the present diffi- 
culty is settled. Members of organized labor are 
insistently demanding the union label on all products 
A union of newsboys and bootblacks was recently 

Forest City.—F. A. Burdick: 

Condition of organized labor good and generally 
employed in preference to the unorganized. Em- 
ployment is steady. There is a good demand for all 
union label products. 

Glenshaw.—H. L. Brandis: 

Condition of organized labor is good. Employ- 
ment is steady. Organized labor is not only holding 
its own, but gaining ground. 

Philadelphia.—Wm. J. Boyle: 

Condition of organized labor fair. The building 
trades unions have gained numerous concessions 
without resorting to strike. The organized workers 
are enjoying much better conditions than the un- 
organized. The garment workers are engaged in a 
great strike for better wages and working conditions 
Good work is being done for the union labels. Unions 
of teamsters, longshoremen, and newspaper writers 
are under way. 

Richland Center—Allen L. Grant: 

Condition of organized labor good. Local unions 
are gradually increasing in membership. Employ- 
ment is steady. Efforts are being continued in 
booming the union labels. A union of carpenters 
has been organized with good prospects 

Wilkes- Barre —John J. Yonhon: 

Condition of organized labor good and the condi- 
tions enjoyed by union men are far superior to those 
enjoyed by the unorganized. Several contractors 
recently have signed agreements with the building 
trades. Employment is steady, in fact has been 
excellent. The strike at the local adding machine 
company’s plant is still in progress and is effective 
The label league is doing good work for the union 
labels. The bartenders at Pittston have been 
organized and the membership is increasing rapidly 


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at is 




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fforts are being put forth to organize the laundry 
vorkers and bakery and confectionery workers. 


Pawtucket.—Henry Frasier: 
Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
steady. The fifty-four hour law went into effect 
re without friction. All of the organizations 
re now working in complete harmony. Good work 
being done for the union labels. The bakers 
ud confectioners at West Warwick have been or- 
nized and a union of bakers in Pawtucket will soon 


Columbia.—John B. McCrary: 

Reports made at the city federation of trades from 
| crafts indicate plenty of work at a standard 
ize. All organizations are working harmoniously 
ether, employment being steady. The painters 
cured a betterment of conditions without strike. 
he organized wage-earners receive 30 per cent more 
r their labor than the unorganized. The federa- 
m of trades has a committee actively promoting 
1¢ sale of union label products. The stage em- 
loves are in the process of organization. A building 
rades council has also been organized and has done 
ilendid work already. The carpenters secured a 
\ise in wages without friction. 


VUemphis.—C. W. Merker: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 

unsteady. The molders secured an increase in 
vages without strike. Some efforts are being put 
orth to increase the sale of union label products. 


Beaumont.—R. §. Greer: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 
s unsteady. The central body is actively booming 
the union labels. 

Brownwood.—C. A. Perkins: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
s steady at present. The carpenters secured a raise 
1 the spring and since that time the scale has been 
$3.20 for eight hours, but another increase is ex- 
ected this fall. A special campaign to boom union 
labels is under consideration. A union of hod- 
arriers was recently organized. Efforts are being 
put forth to organize the barbers. 

Corpus Christi.—F. H. Packer: 

Condition of organized labor fairly good and pros- 
pects are favorable to make this place one of the 
trong union cities in Texas. Employment is un- 
teady at present, but indications are that it will be 
etter in the near future. The cooks and waiters 
have been organized and a union of blacksmiths is 
inder way. There is an increasing demand for prod- 
icts bearing the union label. 

Corsicana.—C. F. Barnes: 

\ll organized labor in good condition, and all 
union men are working full time at good wages. 
Carpenters secured an increase of 25 cents a day 
without strike. The unions here have sufficient 
influence to control civic matters. Everything pos- 
sible is being done for the union labels. The hotel 



and restaurant employes have just been organized. 
Unions of blacksmiths and retail clerks are under 
way. The sheet metal workers dre on strike, asking 
for an advance in pay of $1 per day. 

Fort Worth.—C. W. Woodman: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
steady. After a three days’ strike the carpenters 
employed on the city reservoir work succeeded in 
making the job a union one and secured an increase 
of $1 perday. The special session of the Legislature 
has adjourned and an adequate appropriation was 
secured, with which to give the State Workmen’s 
Compensation law a good test. A federal labor union 
is under way at Decatur. 

Gilmer.—W. F. Glass: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
steady. Increased wages and shorter hours have 
been obtained by many of the crafts by agreement. 
There is a continued demand for the union labels. 

Houston.—K.. J. Whaley: 

Organized labor is in good shape, except the iron 
molders and machinists, who are on strike. Em- 
ployment is fairly steady in the building trades. The 
cement workers have secured an advance in wages 
from 55 cents to 6244 cents per hour without any 
difficulty and the Automatic Sprinkler Company, 
through the influence of the Building Trades Coun- 
cil, is now employing union pipefitters on their work 
in this city. 

Palestine —E. M. Ware: 

Organized labor has better conditions and higher 
rates of pay than the unorganized. Employment 
is steady. The label league is active in supporting 
the sale of union label products. 

San Antonio.—Jeff Forehand: 

City bonds to the amount of $4,000,000 have been 
voted for street improvements and public buildings. 
This work will soon be started, making employment 
for both skilled and unskilled labor. Employment 
is steady. The iron molders are still on strike and are 
standing firm for a 25 cent per day increase. An 
active committee is booming the union labels. The 
city has raised the rate of pay for street laborers 
from a $1.50 rate per day to $1.75, and the teamsters 
from $3.25 to $3.50 per day. 

Texas City.—P. F. Ripley: 

Condition of organized labor first-class. Employ- 
ment very good, although carpenters are passing 
through a dull season, but look for plenty of work 
in the fall. Efforts are being made to organize a 

Union Label League. Unions of carmen, iron 
workers, and pile drivers are under way. 

Waco.—R. C. Stuart: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 

steady at present. Electricians have secured an 
increase without strike. A Union Label League is 
constantly engaged in booming the union labels. 
Endeavoring to organize clerks in express company’s 

Waco.—John R. Spencer 

Condition of organized labor good. 
fair. Employment is steady. 
is active. 


Union Label League 

A union of chauffeurs has been organized. 

Alexandria.—H. T. Colvin: 
Organized labor in good condition. 
in poor shape. 

Employment is fairly steady. 


than the unorganized. Committees are actively 
engaged in boosting the union labels. 

Silver Springs.—Fred J. Staffen: 

Condition of organized labor good. 
is steady. 

Syracuse.—E. F. Carroll: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is steady, rather better than normal for this season 
of the year. Condition of organized labor leads as to 
hours and wages. A strike is being conducted by 
the sheet metal workers in one of the shops having 
government contracts. Much work is being done for 
the union labels. 

Waverly.—Thos. E. Falsey: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 
is steady at present. The eight and nine hour day 
prevails here among union men, but they get better 
wages than the unorganized who work a minimum 
of ten hours. Considerable work is being done for 
the union labels. A union of musicians was organized 
here during the month. 



Akron.—E. E. Zesiger: 

Organized labor in good condition, with a steady 
increase in membership in all local unions. Employ- 
ment is fairly steady. The Carpenters’ District 
Council has been organized with Summit County 
and vicinity embraced. Committees are at work 
boosting the union labels. The new mechanics’ lien 
law took effect August 1. A union of foundry em- 
ployes was recently organized and a union of hod- 
carriers is under way 

Cleveland.—Michael Goldsmith: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
steady. Musicians have gained an increase. Ice 
wagon drivers secured $1 and $2 a week increase, 
as did also the stage hands. Everything possible is 
being done to advance the sale of union label goods. 
The local union of teamsters is increasing rapidly in 

Cleveland.—Ed. McEachern: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 
is steady. The Union Label League is doing good 
work. A union of meter readers is under way. 

Elyria.—C. E. Haury: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 
issteady. Tinners and slaters, although unorganized 
are on strike. Polishers have secured the nine-hour 
day without reduction in pay. A fair demand is had 
for union label products. A union of painters is under 

Ironton.—John H. Hortel: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is steady. Much work is being done for the union 
labels. The city council passed an ordinance es- 
tablishing the eight-hour day for all city employes. 

Lima.—E. C. Young: 

Condition of organized labor fair. The new scale 
for printers on newspapers is: floormen, $16; ma- 
chine operators, $18; machinists and foremen, $20; 
night work being $2 higher. Conditions are im- 
proving in nearly all crafts and much activity is 

Pomeroy.—John W. McIntosh 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
not very steady, activity as a result of the flood 


having quieted down. There are several new union 
under way. 

Wellsville —Frank Smurthwaite: 

Organized labor is improving. Employment 
is fairly steady, the potteries working to their full 
capacity. The railroad employes are working eight 
hours at present. Organized labor is in far better 
condition than the unorganized. A fair demand is 
had for all union labels. 


Poteau.—I. L. Jewel: » 

Condition of organized labor fair. About one- 
third of the carpenters are organized, while painters 
are well organized. Employment steady at present 
Painters secured a raise without difficulty. 


Erie.—C. Churchill: 

Owing to the molders’ strike, which has been in 
progress for ten months, everything is quiet. The 
State constabulary has been brought in here by the 
manufacturers and the town is full of strike-breakers 
and Burns’ thugs, and consequently employment is 
unsteady. Organized labor is discriminated against 
by the manufacturers and all union men are requested 
to remain away from Erie until the present diffi 
culty is settled. Members of organized labor ar 
insistently demanding the union label on all products 
A union of newsboys and bootblacks was recentl\ 

Forest City.—F. A. Burdick: 

Condition: of organized labor good and generally 
employed in preference to the unorganized. Em- 
ployment is steady. There is a good demand for all 
union label products. 

Glenshaw.—H. L. Brandis: 

Condition of organized labor is good. Employ- 
ment is steady. Organized labor is not only holding 
its own, but gaining ground. 

Philadelphia.—Wm. J. Boyle: 

Condition of organized labor fair. The building 
trades unions have gained numerous concessions 
without resorting to strike. The organized workers 
are enjoying much better conditions than the un- 
organized. The garment workers are engaged in a 
great strike for better wages and working conditions 
Good work is being done for the union labels. Unions 
of teamsters, longshoremen, and newspaper writers 
are under way. 

Richland Cenier.—Allen IL. Grant: 

Condition of organized labor good. Local unions 
are gradually increasing in membership. Employ- 
ment is steady. Efforts are being continued in 
booming the union labels. A union of carpenters 
has been organized with good prospects 

Wilkes- Barre —John J. Yonhon: 

Condition of organized labor good and the condi- 
tions enjoyed by union men are far superior to those 
enjoyed by the unorganized. Several contractors 
recently have signed agreements with the building 
trades. Employment is steady, in fact has been 
excellent. The strike at the local adding machine 
company’s plant is still in progress and is effective 
The label league is doing good work for the union 
labels. The bartenders at Pittston have been 
organized and the membership is increasing rapidly 












ifforts are being put forth to organize the laundry 
vorkers and bakery and confectionery workers. 


Pawtucket.—Henry Frasier: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
steady. The fifty-four hour law went into effect 
ere without friction. All of the organizations 
re now working in complete harmony. Good work 

being done for the union labels. The bakers 
ud confectioners at West Warwick have been or- 
inized and a union of bakers in Pawtucket will soon 
ce organized. 


Columbia.—John B. McCrary: 

Reports made at the city federation of trades from 
| crafts indicate plenty of work at a standard 
ige. All organizations are working harmoniously 
wether, employment being steady. The painters 
cured a betterment of conditions without strike. 
he organized wage-earners receive 30 per cent more 
1 their labor than the unorganized. The federa- 
on of trades has a committee actively promoting 
he sale of union label products. The stage em- 
loves are in the process of organization. A building 
rades council has also been organized and has done 
lendid work already. The carpenters secured a 
\ise In wages without friction. 


VMemphis.—C. W. Merker: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 

unsteady. The molders secured an increase in 
vages without strike. Some efforts are being put 
orth to increase the sale of union label products. 


Beaumont.—R. S. Greer: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 
s unsteady. The central body is actively booming 
the union labels. 

Brownwood.—C. A. Perkins: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 

steady at present. The carpenters secured a raise 
in the spring and since that time the scale has been 
$3.20 for eight hours, but another increase is ex- 
pected this fall. A special campaign to boom union 
labels is under consideration. A union of hod- 

irriers was recently organized. Efforts are being 
put forth to organize the barbers. 

Corpus Christi.—F. H. Packer: 

Condition of organized labor fairly good and pros- 
pects are favorable to make this place one of the 
trong union cities in Texas. Employment is un- 
steady at present, but indications are that it will be 
etter in the near future. The cooks and waiters 
have been organized and a union of blacksmiths is 
under way. There is an increasing demand for prod- 
ucts bearing the union label. 

Corsicana.—C. F. Barnes: 

All organized labor in good condition, and all 
union men are working full time at good wages. 
Carpenters secured an increase of 25 cents a day 
without strike. The unions here have sufficient 
influence to control civic matters. Everything pos- 
sible is being done for the union labels. The hotel 



and restaurant employes have just been organized. 
Unions of blacksmiths and retail clerks are under 
way. The sheet metal workers dre on strike, asking 
for an advance in pay of $1 per day. 

Fort Worth.—C. W. Woodman: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
steady. After a three days’ strike the carpenters 
employed on the city reservoir work succeeded in 
making the job a union one and secured an increase 
of $1 perday. The special session of the Legislature 
has adjourned and an adequate appropriation was 
secured, with which to give the State Workmen’s 
Compensation law a good test. A federal labor union 
is under way at Decatur. 

Gilmer.—W. F. Glass: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
steady. Increased wages and shorter hours have 
been obtained by many of the crafts by agreement. 
There is a continued demand for the union labels. 

Houston.—K. J. Whaley: 

Organized labor is in good shape, except the iron 
molders and machinists, who are on strike. Em- 
ployment is fairly steady in the building trades. The 
cement workers have secured an advance in wages 
from 55 cents to 6244 cents per hour without any 
difficulty and the Automatic Sprinkler Company, 
through the influence of the Building Trades Coun- 
cil, is now employing union pipefitters on their work 
in this city. 

Palestine —E. M. Ware: 

Organized labor has better conditions and higher 
rates of pay than the unorganized. Employment 
is steady. The label league is active in supporting 
the sale of union label products. 

San Antonio.—Jeff Forehand: 

City bonds to the amount of $4,000,000 have been 
voted for street improvements and public buildings. 
This work will soon be started, making employment 
for both skilled and unskilled labor. Employment 
is steady. The iron molders are still on strike and are 
standing firm for a 25 cent per day increase. An 
active committee is booming the union labels. The 
city has raised the rate of pay for street laborers 
from a $1.50 rate per day to $1.75, and the teamsters 
from $3.25 to $3.50 per day. 

Texas City.—P. F. Ripley: 

Condition of organized labor first-class. Employ- 
ment very good, although carpenters are passing 
through a dull season, but look for plenty of work 
in the fall. Efforts are being made to organize a 
Union Label League. Unions of carmen, iron 
workers, and pile drivers are under way. 

Waco.—R. C. Stuart: 

Condition of organized labor fair. Employment 
steady at present. Electricians have secured an 
increase without strike. A Union Label League is 
constantly engaged in booming the union labels. 
Endeavoring to organize clerks in express company’s 

Waco.—John R. Spencer: 

Condition of organized labor good. Unorganized 
fair. Employment is steady. Union Label League 
is active. A union of chauffeurs has been organized. 

Alexandria.—H. T. Colvin: 

Organized labor in good condition. Unorganized 

in poor shape. Employment is fairly steady. 


Richmond.—James Brown: 
Organized labor is in fair condition, but the con- 

dition of the unorganized is very poor. Considerable 

work is being done on behalf of the union labels. 

Richmond.—G. 1. Wilcox: 

A decided improvement can be noticed at the 
present time. The unions in the building trades 
are about to organize a Building Trades Council. 
All of the employes of a forging corporation,- about 
three miles above this city, including the machinists, 
blacksmiths, die sinkers, and hammersmiths, have 
ofganized a union, making the plant almost com- 
pletely union. A charter has been applied for from 
the International Association of Machinists. The 
barbers have just been reorganized and are displaying 
much enthusiasm. The laundry workers are making 
an effort to reorganize. The molders have started a 
movement to put a business agent and organizer 
in the field for this State, for the purpose of organiz- 
ing that craft in the surrounding country. 

Roanoke.—S. C. Priddy: 

Condition of organized labor very good. Employ- 
ment in the building trades steady, while the rail- 
road crafts are only working forty hours per week. 


Pasco.—Will J. Estes: 

Condition of organized labor good, employment 
steady. Everything possible is being done for the 
union labels. Unions of teamsters and laundry 
workers under way. 

Seattle —J. G. Brown: 

Condition of organized labor is better than that 
of the unorganized. The light is beginning to break 
in upon the logging camps for the first time since the 
shingle weavers began their aggressive campaign 
among all the workers in the timber industry. Em- 
ployment is both steady and brisk. Everybody is 
boosting the union labels. An amendment to the 
State constitution providing for the recall of elected 
officials, has been passed on by the courts and found 
to be good law. A union of shingle weavers and wood- 
men has been organized in Moclips. 

Seattle —Charles Perry Taylor: 
Employment is fairly steady. Butchers are mak 
ing headway in their fight against a local company, 
while the teamsters have been enjoined by the courts, 
but are making progress in their fight. Organized 
labor is in far better condition than unorganized 
The Women’s Label League is doing good work for 
the union labels. 


Chester. —W. B. Stewart: 

All wage-earners are employed. Organized labor 
has the advantage in point of wages and hours, es 
pecially in hours, but the condition of both organized 
and unorganized is good at present. Employment 
is steady and there is a scarcity of men in all lines 
particularly in skilled labor. The sheet metal workers 
are endeavoring to organize the tin plate employes 
at Wierton, W. Va. Very little work is being done 
in behalf of the union labels at present. 

Mammoth.—C. N. Pickering: 

Condition of organized labor good and on the 
increase. Employment is steady. The union labels 
are being pushed. Two new unions are unde 


A ppleton.—John T. Gibson: 
Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
is steady. Good work is being done for the union 

labels. A union of stage hands was recently or 
ganized. Unions of machinists and shinglers are 

under way. 

Marshfield.—F. J. Mettelka: 

The cigarmakers’ union, the only union in this city, 
is doing well. Employment is steady. Agitation 
for the cigarmakers’ label is kept up continuously 

Superior.—Chas. W. Swanson: 

Condition of organized labor good. Employment 
steady. Wages and working conditions are far bet- 
ter for organized workers. There is an opportunity 
along the lake front to organize the longshoremen ii 
the international organization would send a repr: 



Douglas.—F. 1. Alstrom: 

This mining camp is dominated by large mining 
companies and wages are lower than in surrounding 
camps, with the workers mostly unorganized, but 
employment is steady for miners. An eight-hour 
law was passed by the Legislature, applying to miners 
and the millmen, but miners go up and down the 
shafts on their own time. The large Treadwell 
Mining Company refuses to employ men who are 
members of labor organizations. 

St. Johns, N. B.—James L. Sugrue: 
Organized labor, particularly in the building 

trades, is feeling the effect of boom real estate ad- 
vertising. A great deal of cheap labor has been 
brought into the city and is causing some difficulty 
in maintaining wages and conditions. The journey 
men barbers have obtained an increase in wages, and 
shortened their workday. The mill strike, which 
has been on for ten weeks, is still effective and all 
efforts to settle by arbitration have failed. The city 
has under consideration the adoption of a fair wage 

Vancouver, B. C.—George Heatherton: 

A local union of shingle weavers was recently 
formed in this city and the newsboys, who recently 
organized, have applied for charter. 














American Federationist 




801-809 G Street N. W. Washington, D.C. 

Correspondents will please write on one side of the paper 
only, and address 
Samus. Gompgrs, Editor, Washington, D. 
All communications relating to finances finances and —_— 
should be ad 

dressed to 
Morrison, Secretary, Washington, D. C. 

The publisher reserves the right to reject or revoke adver- 
tising contracts at any time. 

The editor will not be responsible for the return of un- 
solicited a 

The A erican ederation of Labor is not spepeer for, nor 
interested in, any souvenir publication of any kind 

Entered at Washington, D. C., post-office as second-class 

Per Annum, . - = * - $1.00 
Single Copy, - - - ~ - 10 Cents 

Executive Council, A. F. of L. 


JAMES DUNCAN, First Vice-President 
JOHN MITCHELL, Second Vice President. 
JAMES O'CONNELL, Third Vice-President. 
DENIS A. HAYES. Fourth Vice-President. 
WILLIAM D. HUBER. Fifth Vice-President. 
JOSEPH F VALENTINE, Sixth Vice-President. 
JOHN R. ALPINE, Seventh Vice-President 
H. B. PERHAM, Eighth Vice President 
JOHN B. LENNON, Treasurer. 


i al 


Headquarters, 801-809 G Street N. W. 
WasHINGTON, D. C., September 10, 1913. 

Vo All Affiliated Unions, pact 

You are hereby notified that, in pursuance to the 
Constitution of the American Federation of Labor, 
the Thirty-third Annual Convention of the Ameri- 
can Federation of Labor will be held at Seattle, 
Wash., in Eagles Hall (or at another hall which 
the Executive Council may later select), beginning 


ten o'clock Monday morning, November 10, 1913, 
and will continue in session from day to day until 
the business of the convention has been completed. 


Representation in the convention will be on the 
following basis: From national or international 
unions, for less than 4,000 members, one delegate; 
4,000 or more, two delegates; 8,000 or more, three 
delegates; 16,000 or more, four delegates; 32,000 or 
more, five delegates; 64,000 or more, six delegates; 
128,000 or more, seven delegates, and so on; and 
from central bodies and State federations, and from 
local trade unions not having a national or inter- 
national union, and from federal labor unions, one 

Organizations to be entitled to representation 
must have obtained a certificate of affiliation 
(charter) at least one month prior to the convention; 
and no person will be recognized as a delegate who is 
not a member in good standing of the organiza- 
tion he is elected to represent. 


Delegates must be selected at least two weeks 
previous to the convention, and their names for- 
warded to the Secretary of the American Federation 
of Labor immediately after their election. 

Delegates are not entitled to seats in the conven- 
tion unless the tax of their organizations has been 
paid in full to September 30, 1913. 

It is, of course, entirely unnecessary here to 
enumerate the imminent important subjects with 
which our forthcoming convention will concern 
itself, but the reminder is not at all amiss that every 
effort must be made to broaden the field and means 
for the organization of the yet unorganized workers; 
to strive to bring about more effectually than ever 
a better day in the lives and homes of the toilers; 
to defend and maintain by every honorable means in 
our power the right to organize for our common 
defense and advancement, for the exercisé of our 
normal and constitutional activities to protect and 
promote the rights and interests of the workers; and 
to assert at any risk freedom of speech and of the 
press and the equal rights before the law of every 
worker with every other citizen. These and other 
great questions of equal importance will, of necessity, 
occupy the attention of the Seattle Convention. 

Therefore the importance of our movement, the duty 
of the hour and for the future, demand that every or- 
ganization entitled to representation shall send its 
full quota of delegates to the Seattle Convention, 
November 10, 1913. 

Do not allow favoritism to influence you in selecting 
your delegates. Be fully represented. 

Be represented by your ablest, best, most experienced 
and faithful members. 



Credentials in duplicate are forwarded to all 
affiliated unions. The ORIGINAL CREDENTIALS must 
be given to the delegate-elect and the DUPLICATE 
office, 801-809 G Street Northwest, Washington, 
BD. .<. 

The Committee on Credentials will meet at the 
headquarters of the American Federation of Labor 
six days previous to the opening of the convention, 
and will report immediately upon the opening thereof 
at Seattle; hence secretaries will observe the neces- 
sity of mailing the duplicate credentials of their 
respective delegates at the earliest possible moment 
to Washington, D. C. 


Under the law no grievance can be considered by 
the convention which has been decided by a previous 
convention, except upon the recommendation of the 
Executive Council, nor will any grievance be con- 
sidered where the parties thereto have not themselves 
previously held conference and attempted to adjust 
the same. 

Railroad Rates 

The best rates we could secure from the railroads 
are the regular All-Year Tourist fares, in connection 
with which tickets bear return limit of nine months 
from date of sale, the following fares (which do not 
include cost of sleeper) applying to Seattle and re- 
turn from the points named (fares on proportionate 
basis being authorized from other points throughout 
the United States): Chicago, $106; St. Louis, 
$102; Memphis, $110; New Orleans, $122; Duluth, 
$90; St. Paul, $90; Minneapolis, $90; Omaha, $90; 
St. Joseph, $90; Kansas City, $90; Houston, $110; 
San Antonio, $110. 

Hotel Rates 

New Richmond Hotel, single, $1 to $2 per day; 
double, $1.50 to $3 per day, European plan; Berkel 
Hotel, single, $1 to $2.50 per day; double, $1.50 to 
$3 per day, European plan; King Hotel, single, 
$1 to $1.50 per day; double, $1.50 to $2 per day, 
European plan; Arlington Hotel, single, 75c to $2 
per day; double, $1 to $2.50 per day, European plan; 
Dille: Hotel, single, 75c to $2 per day; double, $1.50 
to $3 per day, European plan; American Hotel, single, 
$1 per day; double, $1.50 to $2 per day, European 
plan; Wingfield Hotel, single, $1 per day; double, 
$1.50 per day, European plan; Rhein Hotel, single, 
75c to $1.50 per day; double, $1 to $2 per day, 
European plan; Raden Hotel, single, $1 to $2 per 
day; double, $1.50 to $2.50 per day, European 
plan; Ritz Hotel, single, $1 to $1.50 per day; double, 
$1.50 to $2 per day, European plan. 

Reservations in any of the above hotels should be 
made by addressing Mr. Chas. W. Doyle, of the 
Committee on Arrangements, Labor Temple, 
Seattle, Washington. 

Headquarters of Executive Council will be at 
New Richmond Hotel, or at some other hotel which 
the Executive Council may later designate. 

Delegates should notify C. W. Doyle in advance 
of the time of their arrival in Seattle, and over 
which road they will travel. 

If there be any further information regarding the 
convention, or the arrangements for the convenience 


of the delegates, it will be communicated in a late: 
circular, or through the AMERICAN FEDERATIONIS1 
Attest: President 
FRANK Morrison, 

JaMEs Duncan, First Vice- President 

JouHN MITCHELL, Second Vice-President 

JAMES O'CONNELL, Third Vice- President 

D. A. Haves, Fourth Vice-President 

Wo. D. Huser, Fifth Vice-President 

Jos. F. VALENTINE, Sixth Vice-President 

JouN R. ALPINE, Seventh Vice-President 

H. B. PErnam, Eighth Vice-President 

JouN B. LENNON, 7 ,reasurer 
Executive Council, American Federation of Laboi 

; Secretaries will please read this call at first meet 
ing of their organization. Labor and reform press 
please copy. 

Financia’ Statement 
The following is a statement of the receipts and expenses 
for the month of Anarat. 1913. (The months are abbreviated 
thus: j, f, m, a, m, etc 

Balance on hand July 3, 1913... . $84, 035 33 
1. Federal labor 14538, sup 00 
Suspender trimming ha. aly 145: 39, sup 1° 00 
Egg inspectors 12090, tax, m, j, 3. $6.75; 
‘, $6.7 ae 13 50 
Laborers prot 14393, tax, june, "13, $2. 05; df, 
india tu bie ash bhakti ia we darter uh acd ace 410 
Scalemens prot 11403, tax, july, '13, $3:d t $8 6 00 
Federation of labor, Kankakee, i, tax, feb, ’ 
to and incl july, '13....... as 5 00 
or tx workers 14509, tax, july, y' ® $9.25: 
ee 0 cn cnn éctenheenbaes 20 50 
Trades and labor council, Emporia, Kans, tax, 
m, a, m, "13, $2.50; sup, 75c.............. 3 25 
Central labor union, Lincoln, Nebr, tax, a, m, 
Central labor union, Fremont, Nebr, tax, m, a 
Niet Saat a ihe Rae Oe La enw Odes a eeeee 2 50 
Central labor union, Bangor, Me, tax, jan, "13, 
Oe, rere 5 00 
Federal labor 14220, tax, m, j, '13, 70c; d f, 
dit ebbahanenataddahiatareidaaaiiees 1 40 
Federal labor 7591, tax, j, a, s, o, n, d, '13, $3; 
+ Teter ae ap 6 00 
Federal labor saeee, tax, june, '13, $1.90; d f, 
SE I, To ns carnveescceeeees 8 30 
2. Trades council, Hilleboro, SC 6ccck ae ae 5 00 
Switchmens union of N A, tax, july, "13 Shaka 66 59 

Intl glove workers union of A, tax, july, '13.... 8 93 
Intl bro of teamsters, chauffeurs, stablemen and 

“Fey? > eee 669 63 
Coopers intl union of N A, tax, june, °13...... 30 67 
Intl brick, tile, and terra cotta workers alliance, 

tax, july, , Err re ree 3? 18 
Trades and labor assem, Massilon, Ohio, tax, 

"13, to and incl sept, ‘13. 5 00 
Caneel labor union, Lockport N Y, tax, jan, 

"13, to and incl june, '13 5 00 
Central labor council, Kalispell, Mont, tax, 

mar, '13, to and incl aug, ’13. 5 00 
Central trades council, Hartford, Ark, tax, j, a, ; 

S “Eiccacee 2 50 
Women domestics 12767, tax, aug, "13, 55e; df, 

SS3e... en 1 10 
Tobacco strippers 12690, tax, june, 13, 70c; df, , 


Gold beaters 12899, tax, july, '13, $3.95; df, 
mm cainers 10535, tax, "july, "13, $2.25; df, 
> RPT reer Tee 4 50 
Bottle, cap, * cork, and stopper workers 10875, 
tax, aug, 13, $16.75; df, $16 33 50 
Central trades council, Pittsburg, “a tax, apr, 

*13, to and incl dec, ’ 7 50 
Pipe caulkers 14119, tax, m, j, j. , $2. 25; d f, 

a rrr reer err 4 50 
Meat, food, and sanitary aon inspectors assn 

12912, tax, july, '13, $3;d 6 00 

oth , $1.50; ‘df, 

Federal labor 8033, tax, Tred 














90 | 

, 00 


Absolutely Pure 
The only baking powder 
made from Royal Grape 

Cream of Tartar 

No Alum, NoLime Phosphate 

United garment workers of A, sup 

Horse nail workers 7180, sup 

General house and window cleaners 14526, tax, 
es Ee SS aaa 

Suspender ‘makers 9560, sup. . 

United laborers 14190, tax, m, j. *43, $13.40; 
df, $13.40; sup, $3. 

HW Chabin, Hutchinson, Kans, sup. can 

Federal labor 14465, sup................... 

Bro railway carmen of A, tax, a, s, | Sexeobie 

Intl ladies garment workers union, tax, june, '13 

Intl bro of stationary firemen, tax, may, ‘13... 

Wood, wire, and metal lathers intl union, tax, 
la ; imate 

Federal labor 14463, tax on acct, $10; d f, $10; 
sup, $6.50. . 7 

Federal labor 11618, tax, j. j. °13, $4.50; d f, 
$4.50; sup, 25c .. ee 

Pogo labor 8060, tax, ‘aug, "13, $4.15; d f, 

Federal labor 7087, tax, july, 13, $5.25; df, 

mn ie federation of labor, tax, m, a, m, 

Trades council, ‘Muncie, Ind, tax, july, "13, to 
and incl dec, '13 
Plow: and cereal mill awe 14046, ‘tax, . ji. 
"13, $1.05; d f, $1. ; : 
Bootblacks prot 14496, 7 july, 13, $4.35; 
Metropolitan Park eirt laborers 14223, tax 
july, '13, $2; 

Firemens assn 1s296. ‘tax, aug, "13, $5;df, $5 
a workers 12740, tax, may, ‘13, $2.25; df, 
et eth etetid chee eh sa he eR ee 
‘Trades and labor assem, Hannibal, Mo, tax, a, 

ei ee es 
Tobacco strippers ‘9608, tax, july, "13, $7.50; 

( «ieee are ep 
naka, 9560, tax, july, "13, $7.50; 

4 A a eee ee 
Central labor union, Millers Falls, Mass, tax, 
may, "13, to and incl oct, '13....... Saipan 

{828a8 $8 $3 

ow nN 
wn nw w ~) wn w 
a coco oun sca 



— = 
“w wo 

4.2Central labor union, Newport News, Va, tax 

feb, '13, to and incl july, "13 
Garbage collectors 14452, sup 

5. Intl bro of electrical workers, tax, june, 

White rats actors union of A, tax, avg, "13 
Agricukural workers 14522, tax, july, '13, $2 

United "enaiins ‘and labor ‘council, Pittsburg and 
vicinity, Kans, tax, a, m, j, "13 

Central trades council, Richmond, Ind, tax, 
ee 34% 

Furriers 14315, tax, j, j, '13, $1: df, $1 

Federal labor 14382, tax, june, '13, $2; df, $2 

House and window cleaners 14515, tax, july 
"13, $1.15; df, $1.15; sup, $2 

Sewer diggers 8662, tax, aug, ‘13, $3; df, $3: 
sup, $4 

Badge, banner, regalia, button, and novelty 
workers 14065, sup 

Coffee, spice, and baking powder workers 9605, 

sup ie 

Central labor union, Worcester, Mass, tax, 
june, '12, to and incl jan, "13 

Central labor union, Trenton, N J, ‘tax, a, m, 

§, "3 
Central labor union, Thompsonville, Conn 
tax, a, m,j,’ 
Central labor union, South Bend, Ind, tax, apr, 
*13, te and incl sept, 
Central labor union, Vincennes, Ind, tax, jan, 
“13, to and incl june, 
——* society of plate engravers 9003, tax, 
"13, $1.50; df, $1.5 
Po Dn welding 14448, =, july, 13, 80c; 
f, 80¢ 
a and managers prot 14369, tax, aug, ‘13, 
df, $1; sup, 50c 
Highway’ dept employes 12540, tax, j. a, *13, 

Paper it workers 14540, su 

Trades and labor council, Hancock, Mich, tax, 
oct, "12, to and incl sept, '13 

Trades and labor council, Kalamazoo, Mich, 
tax, feb, '13, to and incl july, "13 

Federal labor 14381, tax, j. j. 13, 75e; df, 75c. 

Federal labor 13125, tax, j, j, a, "13, $1.05; df, 

ar labor 12985, tax, aug, "13, $25; d f, 

mn. box makers 14541, sup 

West Virginia state federation of labor, sup 

Live poultry workers 14542, sup 

Live poultry workers 14542, sup 

United bro of carpenters and joiners of A, tax, 
june, ‘13 

Pattern makers league of N y A, tax, j, j, "13 

Central trades ont aaer council, Lake Charles, 
La, tax, m, j, j,’ ae 

Central trades AF i council, Oneonta, N Y, 
tax, a, m, j, "13 : 

United neckwear cutters 6939, tax, july, "13, 
$10.50; df $10.50 

Iron and steel westerns 14413, tax, july, "13, 
$1.35; df, $1.3 

Punch press operators 14380, tax, july, 13, 
$3.50; d f, $3.50 : 

Basketmakers prot 14353, tax, july, ‘13, 
$13.50; d f, $13.50 eeeee 

United laborers 14190, tax, july, '13, $6.10; d f, 
$ 0 

Flour and cereal qnill employes 1 3206, tax, aug, 
"13, 95e; d f, 

Marble, mosaic, pe te — workers 12 7, tax, 
m, j, j, "13, $1.50; d f, 50 

Federal hee 7241, ts ax, An or 3, 70c; d f, 70c 

er = labor 14503, tax, july, 13, $2.50; df 

Suspender workers 12282. tax, aug, "13, 45c; 

f, 45c ; ae 

Suspender workers ‘10093, tax, aug, "13, 70c; 
df, 70c; sup, $16. : : - 

Suspender workers 12282, sup . ‘ 

Highway dept laborers 14125, sup ; ; 

California state federation of labor, sup.. 3 

M S Jackson, E Liberty, Cee, Pa, —_?- ° 

Hair spinners 14543, sup. . . ; 

United garment workers of A, tax, i, ij. "3 

United cloth hat and cap makers of N A, ‘tax, 
SS UES "gett anes . 

Central labor union, Miami, Fla, sup 

—- ra. union, Northampton, Mass, tax, 

Central ios union, Henderson, Ky, tax may, 







90 68 

12 2 

= te 



935 : 


7 04 












made from care- 

fully selected high- 

grade cocoa beans, 
skilfully blended, 
prepared by a 
perfect mechanical 
process, without 
the use of chemi- 

cals or dyes. 


contains no added 
a delicious natural 

ak os 
flavor, and is of great food value. 

Walter Baker & Co. Ltd. 

Established 1780 




"13, to and incl oct, "13 

Central labor union, Michigan City, Ind, tax, 
june, '13, to and incl nov, ‘13, sup, 50c.... 
Trades and labor council, London, Ont, Can, 

"13, to and incl aug, "13 
Danville, Ill, 

tax, mar, ‘ 
Trades and labor council, 
apr, '13, to and incl sept, 

Central trades and labor council, Jacksonville, 

la, tax, apr, '13, to and incl dec, 

United trades and labor council, *6 ace Ill, 

tax, july, '13, to and incl dec, "1 

Railroad helpers = ee 14427, tax, aug, 
"13, $1.10; df, 

Stone derrickmens t 7878, tax, july, "13, $4; df, 

Hair spinners 10399, tax, sept, '13, $6.50; df, 


Cc omme rcial poet artists 14 286, tax, aug, ‘13, 
2.50; df, $2.50 

Navy yard oa ks and draftsmen 12327, tax, 
july, '13, $/.75; df, $7.7: 

Photo gelatin: workers sasen. tax, j, j, ‘13, 
$5.70; df, $5.70 eae 

Agric a al workers 14458, tax, june, ‘13, 
$1.15; df 5 , 

Flour and cere — mill employes 1 3227, tax, aug, 
"13, 35c; df, 35e 

Federal labor 12367, tax. aug, ’13, $i; df, $1 

Federal labor 14179, tax, aug, "13, $3.70; df, 

$3.70; sup, 65c. 
Federal labor 12648, sup ‘ 
Mantle ring workers 14320, sup 
Neckwear workers 14350, sup 
Newsboys prot 14544, sup. . 
C Evangelista, Manila, P I, sup ; 
United white lead workers 14545, sup 
Boot and shoe workers union, tax, may, ‘13 
Hair spinners 10399, sup 
Central labor union, Cle Elum, Wash, tax, apr, 
"13, to and incl sept, ’ 
Central labor union, Gloucester, 
a, m, j, ‘1: 
Trades assem, Oneida, NY, tax, a, m, i, 

Mass, tax, 




S S2888883aR 83 




9. Willapa Harbor trades and labor council, Ray- 

mond, Wash, tax, mar, 
Furriers 14355, tax, j, a, "13, $2. 50: df, $2. 50. 
Trades union assem, Williamsport. Pa, tax, 
dec, 12, to and incl may, '13............. 
Tin, steel, iron, and granite go Se 10943, 
tax, aug, 13, $13.75; df, $13 
Railroad helpers and laborers 14073, tax, aug, 
2 © fF 8 err arn 
Watchmens 13130, tax, aug, "13, $2.50; d f, 

"13, to and incl one. 

Flour and cereal mill employes 13209, tax, j, a 
, 5 ' 4 eee eee 
Vacuum bottle and apparatus glass blowers 
14201, tax, aug, "13, 50c; df, 50c 
Laborers prot 14483, tax, aug, '13, $2; df, $2.. 
Federal labor 11366, tax, j, a, "13, gsc df, 70c 
Federal labor 12102, tax, aug, "13, -'df, $5.. 
Bridge tenders 12333, tax, aug, 13, o df, $2 
Hotel and restaurant employes, etc, su 
Household workers assn 14439, tax, aug, ‘13, 
$1.25; df, $1.25 
ae cutters union of U S and Canada, I-c 

American flint glass workers union, 1-c assess. 
er of railroad telegraphers, 1-c assess 
Intl b brick, tile, and terra cotta workers alliance, 
l-c assess 
— , and metal lathers intl union, 1-c 
Natl b _ of operative potters, l-c assess 
Amal assn of iron, steel, and tin workers, 1-c 

assess . 
Amal meat cutters and butcher workmen of 
rr ae 
Natl print cutters assn of A, 1-c assess........ 
Hotel and restaurant employes, etc, I-c —. . 
United cloth hat and cap makers of N A, I-c 
Bridge tenders 12333 1-c  aanaee SOE 
Diamond workers prot union of A, tax, july, 13, 
$2.14; 1-c assess, $3 
Household workers assn 14439, |-c assess. ..... 
Tr labor union, Lafayette, Ind, tax, a, 
13 Sisk sacle each cv nc hg ial cei ce GS ae 


Central labor union, Brattlebore, Vt, tax, july, 
"13, to and incl dec, "13... 

Central labor union, Paducal, Ky, ‘tax, a, m, a 
"ES, $2.50; amp, SOc... 2... cece. 

City firemens 14546, sup... 

Trades and labor pen Kenosha, Wis, tax, 

jan, '13, to and incl june, '13........... 
= nd labor council, St Cloud, Minn, tax, 
ory, | | 
Trades and labor council, Wallace, Idaho, ‘tax 

i, a, 5S, 
Trades and labor council, Te Ind, tax, 
a, m, j, "13, $2.50; sup, ; = 
Tobacco workers intl union, cy a, m, j. i 
Cigarmakers intl union of A, tax, a, m, ‘13... 

Stove mounters intl union, I-c assess. . . 
Tin _— workers intl prot assn of A, tax, ‘july, 

Intl union of the united brewery workmen of A, 
l-c assess : cia 

American bro of cement workers, ‘tax, io. "63... 

Intl assn of bridge and structural iron workers, 
l-c assess... 

Amal assn of street and electric railway ‘em- 
ployes of A, 1-c assess wee 

Intl wood carvers assn of N A, tax, i. j. “43, 
$14. 24; l-c assess, $10.7 74.. 

Bro of painters, decorators, and paperhangers, 
tax, july, "13 

Elevator conductors and starters. 11959, ‘tax, 
aug, '13, $25; df, $25; 1-c assess $5..... 

Rubber workers 14407, tax, july, '13, $1; df, $1 

Sail ——— tent makers 12757, tax, aug, '13, $1.30; 
df ‘ , 

American. at of plate engravers 9003, l-c 

Lastmakers 13146, tax, july, '13, $3.85; df, 

dic oan pac alive reas watt ech ine aed 
24, tax, aug, 

Flour and cereal mil! ‘employes 132 
"13 f, $1.60 
Navy yard storemens 14460, tax, july, 13, $1; 




7 00 




—and the stories in Collier's have 

been of the “ 
kind recently. 


5c at all newsdealers 

every Tuesday morning. 

Union men read Collier’s 
for the true viewpoint. 

Its remarkable ability to grasp the 
true viewpoint in National Labor 
problems and legislation has brought 
Collier's, the National Weekly, into 
permanent favor with thinking union 



Saw workers rot assn 14284, tax, ‘july, "13, 
$2.10; df, peat saan 

Stenographers, typists, - | bookkeepers assn 
14188, tax, m, j, j, "13, ; af, $1.80 

are «2 makers 14ase a "july. "13, $1.30; 
d f, $1.30... eR Ee RES 
Janitors, pom conductors, and porte rs 

14398, tax, j, j, '13 
SR i tes cineesene deus 

Flour and cereal mill employes 14467, 1-c assess 

City employes 12875, tax, aug, '13, 50c; df, 50c 

Ice and cold storage workers 14519, tax, july, 
"13, 90c; «if, 90c; sup, 75c.... 

Intl bro of papermakers, sup . 

Music ewe 11809, tax, july, 13, $1.75; 
ELLs AReh ea ca eskueseeeheeeeen 

Mosaic na terraza layers and helpers 
14534, sup. 

Janitors prot_ 14166, tax, ii 
l-c assess, 7c 

Federal labor 10128, tax, 8 a, 13, $2. 90; d f, 
$2.90; sup, $16 

Federal labor 12692, tax, aug, ‘13, $4.25; df, 
ee Oe OE, MD, coc caccndeckacacase 

$2.50; df, $2.50; I-c 

"13, 70c; d f, 70c; 

Federal labor 14291, tax, july, ‘13, 95c; d f, 
9Se; t-c assem, 20e........ See eee 
Federal labor 12787, tax, june, 13, 35e; d f, 

"13, $1.50; 
nee labor 12362, tax, aug, 13, ‘$3. 50; df, 

$3. ‘ 
Federal labor 8203, tax, july, 13, $1.75; df, 

Federal labor 14045, tax, m, j, j, 
d f, $1.50. 

"13, $2.15; d f, 
Bookkeepers, stenographers, "and ‘accountants 

12646, tax, aug, , B4; df, $4.. 
Stenographers, Ad bookkeepers, and 
assistants assn 11773, tax, june, "13, $4.25; 
ee oid eeicecdvesssteta Besendaws 



File workers 14276, tax, july, '13, $2; df, $2 
Vacuum bottle and apparatus vue blowers 
14201, tax, sept, 13, $3; df, $3 ce 
— and cereal 4 employes 14093, tax, 

a, 13, 80c; df 

Watch case <bean 14347, tax, july, ‘13, 
$2.35; d f, $2.35 

Iron and steel workers 14417, tax, july, "13, 
90c; d f, 90c J . - 

Elevator conductors and starters 14528, tax, 
aug, '13, $1.55; df, $1.55; sup, 90c. . 

Central labor union, Taunton, Mass, tax, ‘june, 
"13, to and incl nov, ’ 

. Bottle sorters and handlers 117 59, tax, aug, "13 

$1; df, $1; sup, 50c 
Bottle sorters and handlers 11759, l-c assess. 
United laborers 13085, sup....... 
Laborers prot 14483, l-c assess 
Labesere pret 86683, sup... .....ssccccscves 
a een union, Newport, R I, tax, a, m,j, 

Richmond Burrough central trades and labor 
assem, Staten Island, N Y, tax, apr, ‘13, to 
and incl sept, ‘13... 

Trades —e fab 
a Gs a ahr a the eo 

Trades i labor council, Ogdensburg, N Y, 
tax, apr, '13, to and incl sept, 

Travelers goods and leather novelty workers 
intl union of America, l-c assess........... 

Intl union of elevator constructors, tax, july, 
"13, $17.84; 1-c assess, $26.76............. 

Council of labor, McKeesport, Pa, tax, a, m, j, 

bor council, Freeport, Ill, tax, 

Bakery and confectionery workers int! union of 

Federation of labor, Fort Wayne, Ind, tax, apr, 
, roe | Serer * 

Depot mail handlers 14385, tax, july, "13, $1; 

$1; 1-c assess, 20c 

Ladies straw and hat workers 12675, tax, 
july, '13, $2; df, $2 

Agricultural: workers 14405, tax, july,’13, $1.35; 


Pearl button workers 14077, tax, july, °13, 
$39.60; d f, $39.60; 1-c assess, $9.56 

Hat and cap leatives sweat band cutters 11307, 
tax, aug, ‘13, $1.10; d f, $1.10; l-c assess, 

Cec 1datk cabuseness bes easeeeeveaseenan 

Stuffed toy makers prot 14404, tax, july, °13, 
$2.50; d f, $2.5€ 

Gas workers iase7, tax, j, j, "13, $3.75; df, 

Cloth and stock workers 10184, tax, “july, 
$2; df, 

RR helpers and laborers 14403, tax, j, a, ‘13, 
$2.20; df, $2. 

Gas workers 9402. tax, july, , $1.40; df, 


Maryland State fed of labor, tax, oct, '12, to and 
incl sept, 

Municipal ) a 

Hair spinners 12353, “tax, aug, 
$2.25; 1-c assess, 45c 

Fish splitters and handlers 14270, tax, july, ’ 
$6.90; df, $6.90; 1-c assess, $3.50 

Neckwear workers 14350, tax, sept, 
d f, 85c ; : — : 

Glass packers ! 2583, tax, aug, "13, 55e; df, 55c; 
l-c assess, I3c 

builders. etc, 13041, ‘Ic 

13, $2.25; df, 

13, 85c; 

~ labor 14512, tax, july, "13, "90c; d f, 
Federal labor 10185, tax, july, 13, $1; df, $i. 
Federal labor 8367, tax, july, "13, $3. 50; d f, 

$3.50; l-c assess, 70c 
Federal labor 14253, tax, aug, ‘13, 40c; d f, 
40c; l-c assess, 8c . net ean 
Federal labor 8620, tax, aug, "13, 35c; df, 35¢ 
Federal labor 8769, tax, july, "13, $1.50; df, 
$1.50; l-c assess, 30c ankuweee 
Federal labor 14365, tax, aug, '13, $3.80; d f, 
$3.80; sup, $2.85 are. 
Photograph — 14500, tax, july, ‘13, 
OF PT fea oe 

> National fed of es office clerks, i-c assess. 

Federal labor 14548, sup. 
Womens prot 14549, sup. ~pundthatanenee 
Laborers prot 14547, sup. i 
—_ bro of maintenance of way ‘employes, l-c 






INDEPENDENT SALT CO. 21026 tayiorst. 

Borough of Brooklyn, City of New York 

549 to 559 

332 East 103d Street 

Smith Street, Brooklyn WAREHOUSES: Manhattan Market 
Telephone Call, 640 Hamilton Telephone Call, 1136-79th St, 
14. United mine workers of America, tax, july,’13 $2,404 87 15. july, '13, $2; df, $2; sup, $1.75... $5 75 
Hotel and rest ypent employes intl alliance, Sewer and drain layers a tax, july, ‘13, 
etc, tax, july, 375 58 $2.75; df, $2.75; sup, $2.60 ars 8 10 
Int! union of ea wagon, and automobile Laborers prot 14096, tax, aug, '13, $2.50; d f, 
workers of N A, tax, june, 20 00 $2.50; sup, $2........... : 7 00 
Trades and labor assem, Muscatine, Iowa, tax, Federal labor 12552, 1-c ass 1 00 
a, m, j, i 2 50 Federal labor 10829, tax, j. j. “43, $1 ;df, $1. 2 04 
Trades and labor council, Poughkeepsie, N Y, Federal labor 14179, 1-c assess 70 
tax, apr, '13, to and incl sept, ‘13 5 00 Federal labor 14167, tax, aug, "13, $2.50; d f, 
School house custodians 13152, tax, aug, ‘13, 2.50 . 5 00 
$2.20; df. $2.20 440 Federal labor 14246, tax, july, "13, $1.90; df 
Munic ipal employes 14265, tax, july, 13, $3.15; .90 RA a 3 80 
df, $3.15 6 30 Federal labor 12670, tax, ‘aug, 13, $1.35; df, 
Milk | tm EES employes 5S eee: Sealant cntdbeeseenwee 270 
'13, $1.40; df, $1.40; 1-c assess, 28c.. 3 08 Federal labor 11617, 1-cassess. . . 2 00 
Associated rt Pai 14314, tax, july, ‘13, ya 16. Intl typographical union, tax, july, ’13. . . : 390 20 
35c; df, 35c; l-c assess, 7c ‘4 American federation of musicians, tax, aug, ™ 
Flat janitors 14332, tax, june, '13, $39.70; df, ; l-c assess, $600........... 1,000 00 
$39.70 ane 79 40 Navy yard clerks and draftsmens assn 12327, 
Horse nailmakers 9656. tax, aug, '13, $1.50; df, RE, te eee, eee ; 3 50 
$1.50; 1-c assess, 30c 3 30 Central labor council, Douglas, Ariz, sup epee 10 00 
Locomotive hostlers ond helpers 11894, tax, Pearl workers 14550, sup.......... 10 00 
aug, '13, $3.50; df, $3.5 7 00 Pearl workers 14550. tax, sept, '13, $10; df, $10 20 00 
Clay miners 14343, tax, Suly, 13, $1.10; d f, Intl ynion of cutting die and cuttermakers of A, 
$1.10; 1-c assess, $1 3 20 “eg ere . 6 00 
Flour and cereal mill employes 14330, tax, j. Railroad shop helpers and laborers 14551, ‘sup. . 10 00 
"13, 80c; d f, 80c 1 60 toate ant labor assem, Newark, Ohio, tax, 
F lour and creal mili employes "13210, tax, aug, m, j, ie 2 50 
"13, 70c; df, 70c 1 40 Trades ond jabor assem, Harrisburg, Ill, tax, 
Gas workers 1067 8, tax, j, i, a, '13, $1.50; d f, Rh Ms éabnedncnsundeteshce ten 2 50 
$1.50 3 00 Flour and cereal ‘mill ‘employ es 14057, tax, aug. 
Clock and watchmakers 13158, tax, june, "13, , © & VY  S ere 2 70 
$4;df, $4 - 8 00 Flour and cereal mill employ es 14520, tax, july, 
Federal labor 11200, 1-c assess, j 10 13, $2;d 4 00 
Federal labor 12776, tax, july, "13, » $8. 80; df, Laborers ne S300, tax, july, 13, $2.50; d f, 
RG ice eae 17 60 Re ee ae eer er 5 00 
Federal labor 11434, sup 3 00 * 5 prot 14393, tax, july, '13, $2.05; df, 
Cooks and waiters 14139, tax, july, "13, $1.75; $2.05. . 410 
df,$1. : . 3 50 Jewel , Workers 14494, tax, aug, '13, $3.20; 
Jeweiry eae 14444, tax, aug, ‘13, 35¢c; df, ua _ df, 20; 1-c assess, 79c . 7 19 
l-c assess, 7c 77 E A ero 11254, tax, j, a, '13, $26.60; df, 
Central labor union, Portsmouth, Va, tax, a, m, a 3 6.60; 1-c assess, $2.66 ‘ 55 86 
i. 2 50 Lastmakers 14375, tax, augy 13, $9.75; df. 
Central labor union, Athol, Mass, tax, s, 0, n, $9.75. . nace lo 50 
"13 : , 2 50 Umbrellamakers 14493, tax, july, "13, $4 25;df, 
Central labor union, Batavia, N Y, tax, a, m, $4.25 sees 8 50 
OTe EE OCT TET TCT 2 50 er domestics 14412, tax, ‘july, 13, $1.90; 
California state federation ‘of labor, sup 7 45 df,$ . 3 80 
Curbstone cutters and setters 8373, tax, j, j, PRs com 14228, tax, july, "13, ‘65c; df, 65c... i 30 
"13, $1.50; df, $1.50; sup, 50c . 3 50 Coal hoisting supervisors 13122, tax, aug, ‘13, 
AE Hall, Portland, Ore (hod carriers 296), sup 50 70c; df, 70c ; 1 40 
Janitors prot 14524, tax, july, '13, 55e; df, 55c; Cigar tobacco strippers 12971, tax, aug. ‘13, 
sup, $1.7 2 83 es f, $7.50 15 00 
Law Reporter Printing co, Washington, D C, Shi am 14336, tax, july, "13, $1.10; d f, 
sup 89 $1 10 2 20 
15. Trades and labor council, Lima, Ohio, tax, j, a, Hard rubber workers 14395, tax, july, '13, 50c; 
a,” : 2 50 , 1 00 
Amal glassworkers intl assn of A, |-c assess 12 30 Pottery works laborers 14422, tax. july ‘13, $5; 
The pignite cutters intl assn of A, tax, j, a, s ; -r . 10 00 
13, $270; l-c assess, $135 405 00 Stage clearers 14411, tax, july, '13, $1.45; df, 
Trades at labor council, Nashville, Tenn, tax, $1.45 ee 2 90 
a, m, j, "13 2 50 Elevator operators and porters 14215, sup ‘ 4 50 
Central fea of labor, Troy, N Y, tax, a, m, j, "13 2 50 Machinists helpers 12764, return of strike bene. 
Cement mill workers 14501, 1-c assess 5 00 fits 16 00 
Glass smoothers 14262, tax, july, '13, 35c; d f, Machinists helpers '12764, return of strike bene- 
eae 70 axe . 16 00 
Badge, banner, regalia, button and novelty 18. United neckwear cutters 6939, sup. . 16 00 
workers 14297, tax, july, '13, 50c; df, 50c 1 00 Federal labor 14552, sup +. 10 00 
Stone planermens 12866, tax, aug, '13, $2; df, Federal labor 14478, tax, aug, "13, SSc; df, 55c.. 1 10 
$2 4 00 Federal labor 14469, tax, july, "13, 60c; d f, 
Cares | a hat workers 14363, tax, july, ‘13, > ERE SR A PP re ee ee 1 20 
$1.3 = % a 2 70 Federal labor 13136, tax, aug, 13, $1.25; df, 
Flour me cereal = emgmapes 14455, tax, june, 1.25; l-cassess 25c... 2 75 
13, $3.05; df, $3 6 10 ae x labor 7479 tax, aug, 13, $3.35; df 
Iron and steel aes 14464, tax, july, '13, $1; | SEs a 6 70 
_) eerie ni 2 00 Federal ‘labor 8217, tax, aug, '13, $2.50; d f, 
Meter workers 14502, tax, aug, "13, $1.60; df, Fe errr re 5 50 
$1.60; assess, 32c oa 3 52 Federal labor 8806, tax, j, a, s, 13, $21; df, $21; 
Flour and cereal mill employes "14245, tax, SL, & éutintuvous-sewed+seeeeus 43 40 







pt] oe See mOvV oM 
vaiaaive «ABT U8 


VICTOR J. EVANS @ CO., 724-726 Ninth Street N. W., Washington, D. C. 

enTe A I 

Send mode! or sketch for free report as & 

aay -~ - MM, Bend for fiuest vver issued fo 
‘RUG a “ A PATENT. wit 

offered for one invention §16.0l fOr other + aie 
stood free wa 

WORLD® ° 2OGRSS8 Lop * 

18. Federal labor 14067, tax, aug, '13, $1.70; df, 
POs Ge, B-SOMIIER, SOE. . «oc ccccsccces 
Chartered society of amal lace operativ es of A, 
rand cite een went keene 
United Powder and high explosive workers of A, 

Elevator conductors and starters 13103, tax, 
et Ee es SES 6 ch ccccecceee 
ae and Aa rhea ales es 14134, tax, aug, 
, © 9 3, i pera p ret 
A eaten 12751, tax, aug, ‘13, 

NS eT 
Bottle, cap, oa ‘and stopper workers 10875 

-c assess 
Enameling workers 14472, tax, july, '13, $8.75; 

ee ed eats cl eae wee nd « 
City employes 14475, tax, m, j, "13, , $1: df, $1. 
Fur workers 14187, tax, july, "13, $2.25; d f 

$2.25; L-casweee, GBe. .......cccccccess 
Belting and packing workers 14409, tax, oe a, 

"13, ic ieimeheebnheke a eaa ens 
Laborers prot 12713, tax, aug, 13, 75c; df, 75c; 

ON eer reper e 

vicken operators 10795, tax, aug, '13, 55c; 
f, 55c; 1-c assess, llc 
Central trades council, Mobile, Ala, tax, jan, 
"13, to and incl june, ’13.............-.000 
Central — union, Middletown, Conn, tax, 
a a ie alae anid nein died eens ws 
Trades ay labor council, Vallejo, Cal, tax, j, a, 
T Hi Flood and co, Chicago, Ill, sup........... 
Assorters and packers 8316,sup.............. 
Suspendermakers 9560, sup Ras 
Oil workers and refiners 14479, ‘tax, ji. a, "13, 
ER ES ese 
Federal ‘labor 14333, tax aug, "13, $1.25; df 
OO PY eee re 
aor janermens 13093, tax, aug, '13, $2. -_ 
f, $2.50: A i no0s00ens250 eeee's 
eases planermens 13093, 1-c assess 
Garbage collectors 14452, 4 aug, 13, $7.50; 
d f. $7.50; 1-c assess, $2.0. 
Railroad helpers and eng 14436, tax, j, a 
"13, $2.30; df, $2.30; sup, 25c.. 
Railroad helpers and laborers 14436, I-c assess 
Federal labor 11478, tax, omg, 13, $2.50; df, 
$2.50; sup, 75c. 
Tobacco workers intl union, tax, bal apr, ‘13... 
ae labor 14374, tax, july, "13, $18.45; df, 
| ee Tre 
ee ee 14305, tax, i. a, "13; $1.85; df, 
i Tec. k wtabead era when decebis%s 
19. Intl union pavers, rammermen, ‘flag Pa th 
bridge and stone curb setters, tax, j, j, "13.. 
Trades council, Enid, Okla, tax, m, j, j, fis. ee 
Trades and labor council, Olean, N Y, tax, a, 
—* & Serer ee 
Amal glass workers intl assn of A, tax, j.j, 13 
Trades and labor council, cape Christi, Tex, 
a rere 
Central labor union, Parsons, Kans, tax, apr, 
"13, to and incl sept, "13........... 
Intl union of shingle weavers, saw mill workers, 
and woodsmen, I-c assess Ey Pee 
Fish skinners, trimmers, a and pressmens 
14307, tax, july, '13, $5; f, $5 siehuih kiko 

Willow weavers 14344, tax, bf “a, =. 75; df, 
$8.75; l-c assess, $1.75... 

Journeymen stonecutters of N A, tax, 26 "43... 
Agricultural workers 14261, tax, n, d, '12,.j, f, 
m, a, m, j, j, 13, $3.15; df, $3.15 PIR 
Womens prot 14080, tax, july, '13, 70c; df, 70c 
Tobacco strippers 12722, tax, july, '13, 45c; 

Suspendermakers 9560, l-c assess........ 
Tuck pointers 13218, tax, j, j, a, '13, $1.65; 
eel encoknne teteeauien es 

- AUNN te 








Federal labor 11449, l-c assess....... 
Federal labor 8786, tax, aug, ‘13, $1.50; df, 

Longshoremens | union, Philadelphia, Pa, sup, 

American flint glass workers union, tax, i, i, "13 
Journeymen tailors union of A, tax, j, j, ‘13. 
Intl asso of bridge and structural iron workers, 
tax, j, a, s, "13. 
Trades council, Neenah, Wis, tax, m, . js - 13 
Trades council, Olympia, Wash, tax, dec, I, 
Chartered society of amal lace operatives of A, 
DO can ndedecawassedaneaeonses’ 
Trades and labor council, E L 11 verpol, Ohio, tax, 
apr, ‘13, to and incl sept, "13.............. 
Wi +f drawers 12493, tax, My as, $1.05; df, 

Stenographers, typewriters, bookkeepers, and 
assts assn 13188, tax, july, '13, $6.10; d f, 

City firemens prot assn 11431, tax, aug, ‘13, 
$20; df, $20: 1-c assess, $4. ne < eee 

Leather handlers 14102, tax, july, ’ , $3.95; 
“SSS ARR gt cee ee 

House and window cleaners 14515, tax, aug, 
"13, $1.50; df, $1.50; l-c assess, 55c....... 

Commercial portrait artists 14286, l-c assess 

Suspender workers 12282, l-c assess.......... 

Tin, steel, iron, and granite ware workers 10943, 
DORics octane eengcantdennvesetaqnenes 

Tm, steel, iron, and granite ware workers 10943, 

Commercial portrait artists 14410, tax, july, "13, 
; df, OS rere 

Intl union pavers, rammermen, ‘flag layers, 
bridge and stone curb setters, sup.......... 
—— pipes makers 14488, tax, july, "13 
$6.25 ‘ JT 2 eee “2 
Smoking pipe makers 14488, l-c assess........ 
Fish skinners, trimmers, cutters, and pressmen 
Dee GU cc cccccse 
Neckwear Soskun 14350, sup auegce wanbees 
Central labor union, Warren, Pa, tax, a, m, ji. 

Federal labor i2412 2, tax, ‘aug, 13, $2.25; ‘d f, 
$2.25; sup, $3.. seunkbanneess 
Federal ‘labor 12412, ‘I-c assess... ........ 
Federal labor 12985, l-c assess : 
Federal labor 13048, tax, july, "13, $3; df, $3; 
re ireeck cncaaes Lévienaasaen 
Federal labor 13048, I-c assess “eon 
Federal labor 11434, I-c assess.............. 

. Trades and labor council, Eau Claire, Wis, sup 

Central labor union, Cape Girardeau, Mo, sup 

Central labor union, Cape Girardeau, Mo, tax, 
s, o, n, "13 cvaeveaen ne ‘ 

Washers, cleaners, and garage workers 14442, 
tax, aug, 13, $2; df, $2; sup, 40c 

Federated trades council, Sacramento, "Cal, 
tax, aug, 13, to and incl jan, '14.. 

Mantle ring workers 14320, tax, aug, '13, $2.15; 
d f, $2.15 “— 

Cigar factory He a strippers 10227, tax, 
j, a, 13, $5; df, $5 : 

Loftsmen and helpers 14322, tax, aug, ‘13, 
$1.95; df, $1.95 

Suspender workers 11095, tax, j, j, a, '13, $1.20; 
d f, $1.20 

Central trades ms labor assem, ‘Taylorville, 
Ill, tax, j, f, m, . 

Newsboys prot 1095 2, tax, aug, 

Gypsum miners 14319, tax, july, 13. $8; df, $8 

Federal labor 14538, sup 

Federal labor 8398, tax, j, a, ‘13, $1; df, $1; 
BE GRBUER, BOR... cc ccsccccccfeccovceceee 

Federal labor 14167, 1-c assess 

eK labor 8306, tax, july, "13, $1. 75; ‘df, 

Federal labor 12424, tax, ‘aug, 13, $1: df, $1; 

$0 26 



130 24 
160 00 

vou wo w 





' oe wn * WN 


Sau eh% SSB 

S & 










The new one will harbor dust and germs and will wear out just the same as the old one did. Our 

Send for one. 


Rochester, N.Y.; New Albany, Ind. 

» or Mardwood Floors, are beautiful, clean, sanitary, and will last as long as your house, 
Our new design book consists of photographs direct from the flooring. These are printed in the natural 
wood colors. 


. Garbage collectors 14452, sup 


Button workers prot 14462, tax, j, j, 13, $3.95; 
df, $3.95; sup, 48c 
Pennsylvania state fed of labor, tax, july, ‘13, 

to and incl dec, 

. Coopers intl union oN A, tax, july, "13... 

United bro of leather workers on horse goods, 
tax, m, j, j, 

Amal leather workers union of | A, tax, £2 °%3 

Jewelry workers 14470, tax, july, "13, $1 65: 
df, $1.65; 1-c assess, $1 

Meat food and sanitary science inspectors a assn 
12912, tax, aug, '13, $3.10; df, 

United —-* 14143, tax, aug, a $1.80; 


Central labor union, South Framingham, Mass, 
tax, m, j, j, 
Clock “ag —- ‘makers 13158, tax, j. a, °13, 
Ss P's ¢ ear “a 
Hi hway pd laborers 14125, tax, aug, "13, 
$4.25. > Ena ace 
Novelty workers tais, l-c assess. . 
Tae and labor assem, Utica, N Y 

, tax, | a, 'm, 

13. ‘ 

Trades and labor assem, Moberly, ‘Mo, tax, 
jan, "13, to and incl june, '13 pis 

G E Stechert and co, N Y city, sup 

Mineral water bottlers 11317, sup. 

Federal labor vos, tax, aug, "13, Lasee: df 
$1.05; sup, $1.5 peaies a ita4 

Federal labor 776, ‘sup. a 

. Amal meat cutters and butcher workmen of 

N A, tax, j, j, '13 
Suspendermakers 9560, sup. 
Suspendermakers 9480, tax, j, a, s, 

d f, $1.05; sup, $10 
Intl assn of heat and frost insulators and as- 

bestos workers, tax, j, f, m, a, m, j,j, a, "13 
Federal labor 13062, tax, aug, '13, 50c; di f, 

50c; 1-c assess, 10c 
ne labor 13153, tax, j, a, 


"13, me; 

13, $1.50; df, 

Intl alliance bill poste rs and billers of A 45, sup 

Trades and labor council of Rowan county, 
N C, tax, a, m, j, "13 jaan mae 

Flat janitors 14332, tax, july, "13, $40.35; df, 

Window washers 12865, tax, aug, 13, $2: ‘d f, 

Central labor union, Carbondale and vicinity, 
Pa, tax, a, m, j, ‘1 

Flour and cereal mill employes 
"13, 80c; df, 80c , 

Trades council, Ann Arbor, Mich, tax, 

13214, tax. j, j, 
a, m, j 

Federation of labor, Detroit, Mich, tax, may, 
"13, to and incl oct, '13 
Newspaper solicitors 12766 
df, $2; 1-c assess, 50c 
Bridge tenders mutes = ae - assn 14131, 
j,a,s,'13 $15; df, c assess, $1 

Pipe layers 12917, dg i. ty "13, $1.70; df 

tax, j, j, °13, $2: 

Horse nail workers 7180, tax, aug, ‘13, $4; df, 

Suspendermakers tae tax, aug, ‘13, 75c; 
df, 75c; sup, $3.75 

Trades and labor assem, Pekin, Ill, 
"13, $2.50; sup, 50c 

tax, m, j, j 

Tobacco strippers 12046, tax july, "13, $7: df 

Curb stone cutters 14256, tax, aug, "13, $1.25; 
d f, $1.25 

Federal labor 8584, tax, july, "13, 70c; df, 70c 

Federal labor 9993, tax aug 13, $1.40; df, 
$1.40; 1-c assess, 28c 

Carborundum workers 14480, return of amount 
in treasury. . 

i © laborers 12992, tax, j,a 

"13, $5.25; 

Bootblacks prot 10175, tax, july, 

2 50 
1 60 

2 50 

4 50 

31 00 


3 00 





140 00 



d f, $5.25... 
Natl federation of post office clerks, tax, aug, 

Retail clerks intl prot assn, tax, june, "13..... 

Trades and labor council, ee Okla, tax, 
may, '13, to and incl oct, 

Trades council, Hillsboro, Ill, tax, m, "13. 

Central trades council, Little Rock, tx. tax, 
may, '13, to and incl apr, '14. 

Central labor union, Portsmouth, N H, ‘tax, 
m, a, m, ‘1: 

Baggage messengers 10167, 

‘tax, aug, $1; 

Federal labor 14432, tax, july, 

Pere rr sg $348, 45 

pT ee er 

Railroad helpers ont Sabevers 12921, tax, j, a 
13, $1. 
Federal labor 10977 ox j, a, s, 13, $6; df, $6; 
Se OU Cae ere 
A an cereal mill employes 14039, 1-c 
Federal iabor 14486, tax, july, 13, $2.60; df, 

2.60; 1-c assess, 52c. 
Central labot union, New Albany, Ind, ‘tax, 
m, 3%, i. 83 
Tuck pointers and front cleaners 13046, tax, 
j, a, s, 13, $18.90; df, $18.90. 
Trades and labor assem, Marietta, Ohio, tax, 
m, j, 
City firemens 14339, aug 
Federal labor 12901, 1-c assess. . 
Flour and cereal mill employes 13214 tax, bal j i. 
bal j, a, '13, $1.95; df, $1.95; 1-c assess, 13c 
Scale workers prot 7592, tax, july, 13, $3.50; 

13 9Se;df 95c 

d f, $3.50; 1-c assess, 70c...............+: 
Mineral water bottlers 11829, tax, j, a, s, °13, 
$1.95; df, $1.95; 1-c assess, 13c. an cod 

» 3 $1. 35; df, 

eK ‘labor 14426, tax, july, 

Soft al bottlers and peddlers 8934, tax, j.a 
"13, $1.50; df. $1.50; 1-c assess, ISc....... 

Federal labor 8339, ee <a 

Federal labor 11434, tax, aug, df, $1; 
sup, $1. : 

Bottlers 8434, tax, j, a, s, ‘13, $5. 70: df, $5. 70; 
sup, $1.25 

Thurber trades council, Thurber, Tex, su 

Cement wertsers 14061, tax, j, a, '13, $9. 30: df, 
$9.50; sup, ; 

Federal labor o 39 sup 

Intl assn of bridge and structural iron n workers, 

Hat block makers and helpers 12099, tax, aug, 

13, 55c; df, 55c; 1-c assess, lle.... 

Federal labor 7087, Disks 

American bro of cement workers, sup. 

Suspender workers 12282, sup 

Hat block makers and helpers 1 2099, sup. 

Firemens prot and beneve = = assn 14359, ‘tax 
j, a, s, 13, $1.20; df, 

Gas workers 11633, sup. ‘ 

Laborers prot 11752, tax, m, :? Qs a, 
d f. $2.80 

Federal ed 14513, tax, july, 


13, $1; 

“<"is Soin: 
‘13, $11.70; df, 
Central eee union, ‘Charleston and ‘vicinity, 

SC, tax, m, j, j, 
Intl union of elevator constructors, tax, aug, R 
Tobacco strippers 12690, tax, july, '13, $1.10; 

4 f, $1. iE isnn'e< be vathetaeuiksn wee eee 

Gas and water otic ik wt “seer , 13, 

$19.75; df, $19. 

Womens prot 14408, a july, ’13, $1.40; d f, 

Agricultural 14536, tax. aug, "13, $1.90; df, 




o + N 

yy “NI sy — om KD 




Nf Or 




























Glen Cove, N. Y. 


$1.90 : 

Worasss domestics 14370, tax, july, °13, $2.25; 
3 eee 

Federal labor 14071, tax, june, '13, $1; df, $1 

Park employes 14388, tax. sept, '13, $7.50; df, 
$7.50; 1-c assess, $1.50 3 

Agricultural workers 14473, tax, july 13 
$1.65; df, $1.65 ose 

Lastmakers 13146, 1-c assess 

Ladies straw and felt hat workers 14506, tax, 
june, '13, 50c; df, 50c 

Federal labor 14469, tax, aug, '13, 60c; df, 60c; 
sup, 25¢ 

Willow weavers ree 

Mineral water workers 12674, sup. 

Federal labor 14481, tax, aug. '13, $3.75; df, 
$3.75; sup, $2.25 

Sugar refinery employes 13053, return of 
amount in treasury 

United ore makers 11016, tax june, ‘13, 
$27; df, 

Stone qucichmens 12878, tax. aug, "13, $4; df, 

Trades council, Birmingham, Ala, tax, may, 
"13, to and incl oct : 

Novelty workers 14419, tax, june, 13, $1.25; 


Tri-city fed of labor Rock Island, Ill, tax, apr, 
"13, to and incl sept, "1: 

Pipe ‘caulkers and repairers prot 11465, tax, 
j, a, 13, $10; df, 

Fish skinners, len, cutters, and press- 
mens 14307, l-c assess 

ni labor 9068, tax, j, "13, $1.20; df, 

U Ce REPRE 14493, 1-c assess. . 

Bootblacks prot 14337, tax, j, j, °13, $5: df, 

Railroad laborers prot 14530, tax, aug, "13, 0c; 
J) Sarr 

Hard lime bridge and curb stone cutters 12737, 
tax, j, a, 13, $2.80; df, $2.80; 1-c assess, 30c 

Intl union of shingle weavers, saw mill workers, 
and woodsmen, tax, june, '13 

Spinners intl union tax j, a, s, ‘13 eee 

Grain workers assn 11407, tax, aug, "13, $1.50; 
Ge, Be GEN, Bes oc ceensscces 

Sewer cleaners and repairers 10886, tax, aug 
"13, $5; df, $5 

Fish workers ay 7, tax, july,’ 
ey UF eer ee 

Federal labor 14304, tax, july, ‘13, $4; df, $4. 

Lamp workers 12618, tax, j, a, '13, $3.60; df, 


Riggers prot ‘11561, tax, aug, "13, $9; df, $9 
l-c assess, $1.80 

Central labor union, ietewa. N Yy, tax, may, 
"13, to and incl oct, '13 ‘ 

Cementmakers 14061, sup . 

Suspender trimming makers 14553, sup. 

Railroad oad shop helpers and laborers 14554, sup 

Journeymen sail and awning makers 14555 

Household workers 14556, sup. 

Trades council, Wilmington, N C, tax, j. i. 

, ry rrr 

Trades and labor council, Burlington, Towa, tax, 
eS SS a ae 

Intl compressed ‘air and foundation workers 
union of U S and Can, I|-c assess. 

Intl union pavers, rammermen, flag layers, 
bridge and stone curb setters, sup. . . 

Intl union pavers, rammermen, flag layers, 
bridge and stone curb setters, sup... . 

American bro of cement workers 65, sup 

United neckwear cutters 6939, sup... 

Badge, banner, regalia, and button novelty 
workers rad tax, aug, "13, $1.25; df, $1.25; 
sup, $3.2 

Federal labor 9182, sup 




616 7 





















28. Central trades and labor assem, Elmira, N Y, 

tax, m, : 

Pocket knife blade grinders and finishers natl 
union, l-c assess. . 

Trades council, Cumberland, Md, tax, may, 
"13 toand incloct, ‘13 ; es 

Trades and labor assem, Columbus, Ga, tax, 
a ms ° 

Industrial council, Kansas City, Mo, tax, may, 
"13, to and incl oct, '13 : 

Federal labor 8288, tax, j, a, "13, $4.80; df, 


Railroad transfer messe ngers and clerks 11639, 
tax, j, j, a, "13, $3.30; df, $3.30; 1-c assess, 

Lamplighters 11943, tax, july, 13, $5; ro rt 

Sugar workers 10519, tax, aug, "13, $2.50; df 
$2.50; 1-c assess, 50c 

Railway re? employes 14414, tax, july, "13, 
45c; df, , 

United whey shorers, movers, and sheath 
pilers 7417, tax, j, j, a, "13, $22.50; df 

Lithographers intl prot and beneficial assn of 
U 5S and Can. tax, j, j, "13 

Intl alliance of theatrical stage employes of A, 
tax, j, a, s, ‘13, $280; 1l-c assess, $140 

Federal labor 12050, tax, j, j, a, 13, $1.05; df, 

Federal labor 8152, tax, j, a, s, ‘13, $4 80; a A 
; l-c assess, 32c P > 

Gold beaters 13013, om july, "13, $2.65; d f, 
$2.65 tee 

Federal labor 7426, tax, j, a, s, "13, $1.05; df, 
$1.05; 1l-c assess, 7c 

Elevator starters and operators 14366, I-c asses 

Trades and labor assem, Mascoutah, Ill, tax, 
apr, '13, to and incl sept, '13. 

Marble, mosaic, and terraza workers. 10263, ‘tax, 
j, a, s, 13, $2.70; df, $2.70; 1-c assess, $1 
Federal labor 13178, tax, sept, "13, $6; df, $6 
Intl alliance of theatrical stage employes of A, 

sup (abate eae : 
Federal labor 13128, tax, aug, '13, $1.25; df, 
$1.25; sup, 50c.... “err ‘ 
Federal labor 13128, l-c assess............. 
or and cereal mill employes 14229, tax, a, s, 
"13, $1.50; df, $1.50; sup, 24c..... . 
Quapender workers 11095, sup.. 

Carborundum workers 14480, return of amount 
in treasury. . 
Soft rubber workers 14418, tax, "july, "13, 

$14.20; df, 20. 

- ac McClurg . oe co, Chicago, Ill, sup... rrr ete 

Federal labor 12631, tax in advance, $25; d f 
$25; sup, $5.75 . 

Trades oat labor assem, Sioux C ity, Iowa, tax, 
a, s,o, "13 

Columbus fed of labor, Columbus, Ohio, tax, 
may, '13, to and incl oct, 

Trades council, Eldorado, Ill, ‘tax, may, "13, to 
~— e 

Trades council, Paris and vicinity, Tex, t 
jan, '13, to and incl june, "13 

Federal labor 11617, tax, july, "13, $5; df, $5 

Sewer laborers 14078, tax, july, "13, 60c; d f, 

Novelty weshers ‘14419, tax, july, "13, $1.25; 
df, $1.2 

Associated photographers 14314, tax, aug, ‘13, 
35c; df, 

Federal ahy 14351, tax, j, j, 4 

ee handlers 11234, tax, j,a s "13 $15; df 

"13, $1.05; df, 

Ship drillers 9037 tax, j. a, °13, $2; df, $2; 
l-c assess, 2 
Central labor union, E Millinocket, Me, tax 









of paneled type) Fire-Proof) 
THE KINNEAR & GAGER MFG. CO., Columbus, Ohio 
29. july, '13, to and incl dec. '13.. $5 00 2. week ending aug 16, ‘13 (vacation), $13; 
Vacuum bottle and apparatus glass blowers A E Knight, week ending aug 9, '13 (va- 
14201, 1l-c assess 50 cation), $14; A E Knight, week ending 
Janitors prot 14524, tax, aug, ‘13, 60c; df, 60c 1 20 aug 16, '13 (vacation), $14; J E Giles, week 
Federal labor 8033, tax, july, "13, $1.50; df ending aug 23,13 (vacation), $22; J E Giles, 
$1.50; sup, 25c... : van 3 25 week ending aug 30,'13 (vacation), $22.... $593 34 
Federal labor 14441, tax, j. j. a, 13, $5; df. $5; Salary, week ending aug 2,'13, F C Thorne. . 30 00 
sup, $2 12 00 Legislative expenses: A E Holder, $50; Grant 
Federal labor 14257, tax, july, ’13, $2; df, $2; Hamilton, $57 107 00 
sup, $2.50 ; 6 50 2 Rental of typewriter and table for use in connec- 
Federal labor 14257, l-c assess 40 tion with E C meeting, Atlantic City, N J, 
Federal labor 14342, tax, m, j, j, '13, $9; df, $9 18 00 Remington Typewriter co 2 00 
Federal labor 14342, tax, aug, '13, $3.75; d f, 4. Premium on renewal of appeal and cost bonds 
$3.75 a 7 50 for Gompers, Mitchell, and Morrison, O J 
30. Clip sorters 14557, sup 10 00 Ricketts (one cent assessment) 265 00 
Suspendermakers 10833, tax, s, o, n, d, ‘13, Printing 3,000 l-p A F of L weekly news letters 
$1.40; df, $1.40; sup, $5 7 80 of july 31,13, The Washington Herald co 31 00 
Central labor union, Thompsonville, Conn, Printing. 3,000 1-p A F of L weekly news letters 
sup 50 of july 24,'13, The Washington Herald co. 31 50 
Intl glove workers union of . tax, aug, "13 8 46 Organizing expenses: J D Pierce, $50.20; C oO 
Federal labor 14394, tax, j, a, '13, $6.60; df, Young, $58.75; J] L Lewis, $62.15; Michael 
$6.60; l-c assess, 66c.... 13 86 Sotak, $36.72; John Tafelski, $38.85; J A 
Tobacco strippers 10422, tax, aug, "13, $2.30 Flett, $58.40; C P Sayter. $79; J B Dale, 
df, $2.30; l-c assess, 46c 5 06 $20; C A Miles, $29.11; Cal Wyatt, $57.45; 
Federated trades council, Columbia, S C, tax, Hugh Frayne, $122.75; J L Lewis, $64.80; 
m, j, j. 2 50 Michael Sotak, $31. 56: Joseph Tylkoff, 
Trades and labor council, Bozeman, Mont, tax, $46.30; George Heatherton, $49.80; H L 
may, '13, to and incl oct, ’ 5 00 Eichelberger $64.40; E T Flood, $44.01; 
Trades and labor council, Lansing, Mich, tax, T H Flynn, $58.75; F H McCarthy, $57.01; 
apr, ‘13, to and incl sept, "13 5 00 P F Duffy, $44.45 , ; 1,074 46 
Trades council, Collinsville, Ill, tax, may, '13, 5. Stamps: 3,000 l-c, $30; 2,000 2-c, $40; 300 4-c, 
to and incl oct, '13...... : 5 00 $12; 200 5-c, $10; 200 6-c, $12; 100 8-c, $8; 
Federal labor 12794, l-c assess 1 00 300 10-c, $30; 100 specials, $10; P Odept.. ‘ 152 00 
Horse hair dressers 12889, tax, j, a, S, "13, $2.85; Organizing expenses: Henry Streifler, $47.27: 
d f, $2 5 70 John Tafelski, $41.31; J A Flett, $58.95; Cal 
Federal labor 9985, tax, j, j. a, 13, $3; df, $3; Wyatt, $60.25 P 207 78 
l-c assess, 20c ‘ aire 6 20 6. Organizing expenses: J D Pierce, $51 40; San- 
Soapmakers 13223, tax, jan, ‘13, to and incl tiago Iglesias, $36; Santiago Iglesias, $35 122 40 
aug, "13, $2.80; d f, $2.80 ‘ 5 60 7. Printing: 5,000 books, The Union L abel, $110; 
Stseet sewer and general excavating laborers 32 plates and imposition, $20.80; 7,500 why’s, 
11693, tax, j,a,s,o, '13, $10; df, $10 20 00 $16.88; 4,000 pass words, $8; 2,000 monthly 
Small supplies : 2 50 reports, $10; 3,000 2-c stamped envelopes, 
Subscriptions, AM Frep 172 11 $3.75; 10,000 quotations, $30; The Trades 
Advertisements, AM Fep : . 1,144 37 Unionist 199 43 
Premium on bonds : 141 00 Expenses incurred in sensing charter and seal 
_ of F L U 14435, 1L Jewel 20 
Total eR ee ; $107,432 50 Organizing expenses: C P Taylor, $67.10; C A 
Miles, $32.69; R J Black, $20; Yer ey 
EXPENSES. $10; Nicomedes Rivera, $20; J Murphy, 
$20 169 79 
}. August, '13, rent, T A Wickersham $427 50 8. Salary, office employes, week ending aug 9, "13: 
Salary, office employes, week ending aug 2, J Kelly, $30; R L Guard, $30; D F Manning, 
13: J Kelly, $30; R L Guard, $30; D F $25; L A Sterne, $25; J E Giles, $22; D L. 
Ms anning. $25; L A Sterne, $25; J E Giles, Bradley, $18; F L Faber, $18; I M Rodier, 
DL Bradley, $18;FL Faber, $18;IM $24.43; I M Lauber, $19.27; A E Hawkins, 
lier, $18: A E Hawkins, $16;G A Boswell, $20.57; RS Thomas, $15; I Lankford, $20.65; 
$17;RS Thomas, $15; F K Carr, $15; CR FK Carr, $15;CR Breneman, $21.33; ER 
Breneman, $16; E R Brownley, $14; FE Brownley, $14: F E Waggaman, $15; E N 
Waggaman, $15; EN Parsons, (53-7 days), Parsons, $28.92; SE Woolls, $18; E C How- 
$16.29: S E Woolls, $18; E C Howard, $17; ard, $17; EJ Tracy, $11; H B Andrew (5 3-4 
SB Woolls, $13;EJ Tracy, $11; H B Andrew days), $9.96; H K Myers, $15; E Rowley, 
(3 1-2 days), $6.05; H K Myers, $15; A E ay 95; EM Stenart, $15; M J Sugrue, $10; 
Knight, $14; E Rowley, $10; E M Stewart, +L Dieterich, $16; S E Gann, $10.24:;M G 
$15; M J Sugrue, $10; E I, Dieterich, $16;SE Mellon, $15;S E Woolls, week ending aug 16, 
Gann, $10; F K Carr, week ending aug 23, 13 (vacation), $18;S E Woolls, week enaing 
"13 (vacation), $15; F K Carr, week ending aug 23,13, (vacation), $18; F E Waggaman, 
aug 30, '13 (vacation), $15;5 B Woolls, week week ending aug 16, '13 (vacation), $15; F E 
ending aug 9, '13 (vacation), $13;5B Woolls, Waggaman, week ending aug 23, '13 (vaca- 





es) @ 





WM. LANadaN & SON, 

Sold at il first-class cafes and by jobbe's 
Ba.timere, Md. 


Re ena cael 

8 tion), $15; F L, Faber, week ending aug 16, 
13 (vacation), $18; F L Faber, week pees 
aug 23, '13 (vacation), $18 
Salary, week ending aug '9, 13, F C Thorne 
Organizing expenses, C O vy oung 

Binding Am Fp and printing index, A Zichtl 
and co 
Ledgers, A Zichtl and co 
9. Organzing expenses: J B Dale, $20; George 
Heatherton, $38.10...... 
Legislative expenses, A E Holder 
11. One copy of the testimony People rs Tylkoff, A 
E Ryan. . 
Services and disbursements People rs T ylkoff, 
R W Fisher 

On account expenses | as fraternal delegate from 
A F of L, to British Trades Union Congress, 
Louis Kemper. . . 

Rental of two Underwood typewriters and tables 
in connection with E C meeting, Atlantic City 
N J, Underwood Typewriter co 

Organizing expenses: A N Bledsoe, $52; H L 
Kichelberger, $70.25; Hugh Frayne, $17.40; 
J L Lewis, $74.93; Michael Sotak, $32.76; 
John Tafelski, $39.50: P F Duffy, $42.85; F 
H McCarthy, $47.40; E T Flood, $47.40; 
Henry Streifler, $48.91; T H Flynn, $65.80; 
JA Flett, $58.35; Cal Wyatt, $71.04 

13. Organzing expenses: J D Pierce, $51.05; San- 

tiago Iglesias, $35; Joseph Tylkoff, $45.55 

14. Attorney fees and expenses in connection with 

the contempt case (l-c assess), Ralston, 
Siddons & Richardson 

Attorney fees and expenses in connection with 
the hatters case (2-c assess, $1,225.95, and 

. l-c assess, $1,274.05), Alton B Parker 

Organizing expenses: Sam London, $10; R A 
Stoney, $20; F L Rist, $20; F L Rist, $20; 
Wilfrid Isherwood, $ $20 

On acct, expenses as A F of L, delegate to intl 
secretariat, George W Perkins 

Appropriation for may, june, and july, ‘13, to 
Natl Womens Trade Union League, S M 
Franklin, secy 

Organizing expenses: C 

P Taylor, $73.05; J] B 







668 : 

















Dale, $20 

Salary, office employes, week ending aug 16, 13, 
J Kelly, $30; R L Guard, $30; D F Manning, 
$25; LA Sterne $25; JE Giles, $22; DL 
Bradley, $18; I M Rodier, $21; 1 M Lauber, 
$19.91; W H Howlin, $20; A E Hawkins, 
$16; R S Thomas, $17.50; M Webster, $18; 
S Lankford, $17; F K Carr, $15; E R Brown- 
ley, $14; M M Connell, $13; E N Parsons, 
$28.93; E C Howard, $17; EJ Tracy, $11; 
H B Andrew, $11; H K Myers, $15.71; E 
Rowley, $10; N J Sugrue, $10; E L, Dieterich, 

E Gann (5 1- 2 days), $9.05; G Mellon, 

I Kramer, $10; CR Breneman, $16; 
A E "Hawkins, week ending aug 23, '13 (vaca- 
tion), $16; A E Hawkins, week ending aug 30, 
"13 (vacation), $16; E C Howard, week 
ending aug 23, '13 (vacation), $17; E C How- 
-—. week ending aug 30, '13 (vacation), $17; 

5 Tracy. week ending aug 23, '13 (vacation) 

$1, J Tracy, week ending aug 30, ‘13 
lth BG $11; M J Sugrue, week ending 
aug 23, '13 (vacation), $10; M J Sugrue, 
week ending aug 30, '13 (vacation) , $10;EN 
Parsons, week ending aug 23, '13 (vacation, 
1912), $18; E N Parsons week ending aug 
30, 13 (vacation, 1912), $18; E N Parsons, 
week ending sept 6, '13 (vacation, 1913), $18; 
E N Parsons, week ending sept 13, '13 (5 days 
vacation 1913), $15 

Salary, week ending aug 16, '13, F C Thorne 

Organizing expenses, J B Wiley 

Salary, office employe, week ending aug 9, ‘13, 
M Webster 

Legislative expenses, A E Holder 

Printing 3,000 |-p A F of L weekly news letters 
of aug 14, '13, The Washington Herald co 

Carpentering work, Geo W Flather 

Organizing expenses, C A Miles 

Printing and labor, 3.000 |-p and 35 £000 4-p A 

F of L weekly news letters of aug 7, '13, The 
Washington Herald co 

Organizing expenses T H Flynn, $66.12; 
Joseph Tylkoff, $44 50; Hugh Frayne, 
$112.87; George Heatherton, $38.45; H L 
Eichelberger, $61.92; P F Duffy, $43.85; 
J L Lewis, $75.07; Michael Sotak, $38.28; 
John Tafelski, $35.55; E T Flood, $45.37 

Organizing expenses: J A Flett, $51.55; Henry 

Streifler, $46.83; Santiago Iglesias, $36.29; 
C O Young, $58.50 

Contribution to AM Frp, Hans Fehlinger 

Contribution to Am Fep, Thos Reece 

Expenses, Washington, D C, to Asbury Park 
and return, R L Guard 

Balance of salary, week ending aug 9 

Per capita tax to Intl Secretariat for fiscal year 
ending june 30, '13, on 1,943,000 members, 
Carl Legien, secy 

200 copies of the report of the Intl Secretariat, 
Carl Legien, secy 

Organizing expenses 


Cal Wyatt, $58.70; J D 

Pierce, $50.60 
Phone service, C & P Telephone co 
Supplies: ‘4 gross no 314 pencils. $2.25; 1 ink 

eradicator, 25c; 3 pieces art gum, 25c; 3 
typewriter ribbons, $1.50; 2,000 sheets no 
20 mimeograph paper, $3.60; 25 photo 
mailers, 88c; 3 doz Tosco note books, $1.26; 
1 gross each no 322 and no 313 pens, $1.50; 1 
gross no | spencerian pens, $1; ‘> gross pen 
holders, $3.75; 2,000 84, x 11 no! R R manila, 

$1.50; 2 pairs 9-inch shears, $1.50; 2 jars 
5 ounce, paste, 50c; | 24-inch ruler, 25c; 1 
stamp pad, 25c; 3 qts mucilage, $2.25; 3 qts 
paste, $2.25; 1 box dre afting pencils, $2.25; 

‘® gross blue pencils, $4.50; | doz T W om. 

$1.50; 1 qt red ink, $1.25; 1 docket file, $ 
1 docket file, $1; 1 purple copying ~ haw 
50c; 1 roll wrapping paper, iron fibre, $3.60; 
1 doz purple copy typewriter ribbons, special, 
$6; repairing fountain pen, Miss Guard's 
75c; Typewriter and Office Supply co 

Ice. T J Nash 

500 cards printed, Library Bureau 

Correcting list of organizers, $9.35 
list of organizations, $12.65; LG 
Printing co 

Clippings, Natl! Press Intl co 

Printing aug. ‘13, Am Fep, Law Reporter Print 



ing co 
Towel service, 

Fowler Mfg co 

$93 05 
























Organizing expenses 


2 line cuts, Natl Engraving co 

Seals, J Baumgarten & Sons co 

The Washington Post, 2 copies daily and | copy 
daily and Sunday, from july 1,°13, todec 31 
‘13, F D Pierce 

Organizing expenses, F H McCarthy 

Strike benefits to flour and cere al mill worker 
14245 for first week, ending aug 18, '13, M A 
Veltel and James Forsyth, treas 

Refund of premium on bond of fin secy, Chicago 
waiters 336, Richard Mardock 

Expenses as deleg ate A F of L, to Vermont Stat« 
Federation of ‘Lahber, James Duncan 

Salary, office employes, week ending aug 23, "13 
J Kelly, $30; R L Guard, $30; D F Manning 
(1 days vacation), $25; L A Sterne. $25; 
D L Bre ert $18; I M Rodier, $18; I M 
Lauber, 3.10; W H Howlin, $20; RS 
Thomas $15; M Webster. $18; S Lankford 

; CR Breneman, $16; E R Brownley, 
von Ezdorf, $16; M M Connell 

B Andrew (5 days), $9.17 H K 
Myers, $17.94; A E Knight 5% " days), 
$12.50; E Rowley, $10; E M Stewart, $18.50 
E L Dieterich, $16; G Mellon, $15; A L 
Weldon (6 4-7 days), $16.61; N C Sullivan 
(74 days), $18.57; EN Parsons (1 4-7 days), 
$4.71; J Kelly, week ending aug 30, '13 (va 
cation), $30; RS Thomas, week ending aug 
30, "13 (vacation), $15 

Salary, week ending aug 23, 13, FC 

One office table, E R Brownley 

Printing cs Le -p A F of L weekly news letters 
of aug 21, 13, The W ashington Herz ald co 

Organizing a. nses: Lewis masrera, $10; F J 
Hill, $8; C P Taylor, $71.75; C A Miles 
$32.96; J B Dale, $20; CO es $64.25 

3,000 2-c stamped envelopes, P O dept 

Refund of premium on treasurers bond, hod 
carriers, building and common laborers 223, 
J M Sullivan 

Legislative expenses 

Personal tax of A F of 

$13; H 


A E Holder 
L, C C Rogers, collector 

of taxes, D C : 
Stamps: 2,000 I-c, $20; 500 2-c, $10; P Odept 
Organizing expenses, George Powell 

On account expenses as A F of L delegate to 
Intl Secretariat, George W Perkins 
Strike benefits to journeymen sailmakers 12751 
for first week ending aug 25, '13, J W Daniel, 
treas, and Wm D McCarthy, secy : 
Santiago Iglesias, $35 
Joseph Tylkoff, $44.65; George Heatherton, 
$66.20; Henry Streifler, $59.84; Cal Wyatt, 
$58.05; T H Flynn, $60.10; J A Filett, 
H L Eichel 

$55.50; Hugh Frayne, $106.65; 
berger, $64.60; J L Lewis, $63,30; John 
Tafelski, $41.65; Michael Sotak, $28.75; 
E T Flood, $36; P F Duffy, $43.25; FH 
McCarthy, $53.06..... teeses 

Organizing expenses: R F Wood, 

$10; J L 

Sugrue, $8... ; 
Legislative expenses, 
Organizing expenses: 
Pierce, $50.40; C A Miles, $31.30; 

A E Holder 
C P Taylor, $69.90; J D 
J B Dale, 






3 43 





Balance on hand August 31, 

$20; Nemesio Morales, $20 

Salary, office employes, week ending aug 30, '13 
R L, Guard, $30; D F Manning, $25; LA 
Sterne (2% days), $11.51; D L Bradley, 
$18; I M Rodier, $18; I M Lauber, $20.23; 
WH Howlin, $20; M Webster, $18; S Lank- 
ford, $26.31; C R Breneman, $21.52; ER 
Brownley, $14; W von Ezdorf, $18.29; M M 
Connell, $13; S E Woolls, $19.93; SB 
Woolls, $13; H B Andrew (2 days), $3.15; 
H K Myers, $15; A E Knight, $14; E Row- 
ley, $10; E M Stewart, $16; E L Dieterich, 

$16; G Mellon, $16.87; A 1 Weldon (4 
, days), $10; N C Sullivan, $15 sen 
Salary, week ending aug 30, 13, F C Thorne 

One months salary, 
One months salary 

San.!| Gompers, pres 

Frank Morrison, secy 

Fee m o, 90c; newspapers and magazines, 
$1.46; benzine, 25c; freight and expressage, 
$4.19; paste, 47c; cheese cloth, 36c; cotton, 
29c; hauling and drayage, $2.78; postage 
due, 70c; disinfectant, pot matches, 40c; 
car tickets, $10.75; J E Giles : 

Hauling Am Fev ,Thos Jones 

Repairing adding machine, 
Machine co 

One self-filling fount: ain pen, J T Siebert 

20 rolls 6-inch white drug paper, B F 
Paper co 

Printing: 10,000 receipts, 
to circular, $1.50; 
500 cards, $2.25; 



$20.75; 342 repair 

constitutions, $110.25; 

law Reporter Printing co 

Expressage for j june, My SE Xpress CO 

Expressage for july, ’ ) S$ Express co 

Organizing expenses, C oO Young 

On account attorney fees and expenses in con- 
nection with the contempt case (l-c assess), 
Ralston, Siddons & Richardson 

Expenses, Washington, D C, to Atlantic City, 
N J, and return to confer with President 
Gompers, Frank Morrison, secy 

Stamps received and used, Frank Morrison, 

Organizing expenses, George Heatherton. 

Attorney fees and expenses in connection 
with the hatters case (l-c assess), Frank L 



Balance on hand July 31, 1913. 
Receipts for month of August, 1913 


Expenses for month of August, 1913 


In general fund 
In defense fund for local trade and federal labor 




$21,088 3 


402 8 
30 00 
416 6 
333 33 

2 98 
3 50 

134 75 
131 68 
59 09 

1,000 00 

42 70 

1,376 58 

$84,035 33 
23,397 17 

$107,432 50 
21,088 30 
$86,344 2 
$1,799 88 

84,544 32 
$86,344 20 



A. F.of I 

To Grocers Who Sell LION Brand Condensed or Evaporated Milk 

Present indications point to a shortage of milk dur- 
ing the coming winter. We, therefore, suggest to our 
friends in the Retail Grocery Trade that they protect 
themselves by placing fairly liberal orders for LION 
Brand MILK with their Wholesalers. 






' be REL ET TE REED Hines ereerege 1510.0 00 100.8:910 0.018 “a8 

The Oriental Limited 

“Through Train from Chicago to Spokane, Everett, Seattle, Tacoma” 

@A modern, high class through train from Chicago to Pacific 
Coast points affording thé best of service. Train is electric 
lighted throughout and carries day coaches, standard and 
tourist sleeping cars, dining car and 

Compartment-Observation Car 

containing private staterooms, smoking room and a large 
airy observation-parlor, Vacuum cleaner, daily news bulle- 
tins and telephones are some of the unique features of this 
train which traverses the southern border of Glacier National 
Park, the only one of Uncle Sam’s national parks located 
directly on the main line of a transcontinental railway. An 
ideal train for the traveler. 

Write for information regarding this train and trip east to any 

eat Northern representative. 

H. A. NOBLE, General Passenger Agent, St. Paul, Minn. 
S. LOUNSBERY, G. A. P. D. C. W. PITTS, Gen'l Agent 
1184 Broadway 210S. Clark St. 
New York, N. Y. Chicago, Ill 

- , 
USPHS ESHER SEER E eh tee eee 

See America First 

AW oe Tiseeinay 



Che Kinnear Manufacturing Zo. 





Columbus, Ohio, U.S. A 

Telephone “71 MELROSE” 

386-398 East 152d Street Corner Melrose Avenue AMERICAN FEDERATIONIST 





American Federation of Labor 

What Labor Could Do. 
By Joun Swinton; with “Economic Conferences,” by 
Ww. SALTER, and a letter of Hon. Amos J. CUMMINGS. 
Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00. 

What Does Labor Want? 
By Samuet Gompers, together with ‘“The Philosophy of 
the Labor Movement,’’ by Geo. E. MCNEILL. 
Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00. 

Organized Labor; Its Struggles, Its Enemies, and 
Fool Friends. 

Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00. 

Buck’s Stove and Range Company Injunction Suit 
and Contempt Proceedings. 
A compilation of the Reports of the Executive Counci_ 
and President Gompers to the Toronto Convention of 
the American Federation of Labor, November 8-20, 
1909, together with the report of the Committee on 
President’s Report, and Vice-President Mitchell’s 
Address, etc. 
Per copy, 25 cents; dozen, $2.00; 100, $15.00. 

Industrial Education. 

Consisting of an Investigation and Report by a 
Competent Special Committee; Reports of Officers and 
Committees; Action of A. F. of L. Convention; the 
Attitude of Organized Labor and Others Toward the 
Problem; a Glossary of Definitions, etc.; Labor’s Bill 
for Congressional Enactment. 

Per copy, 25 cents; dozen $2.00; 100, $15.00. 

Why We Unite. 

Per copy, 2 cents; dozen, 20 cents; 100, $1.50. 

The Safety of the Future Lies in Organized Labor. 
By Henry D. (In English or 
Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00. 

Luoyp, of Chicago. 

Universal Education. 

By Senator Henry W. BLarr. 
Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00. 

Condition of Women Workers. 

By Ina M. Van ETTEN. 
Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00. 

Report of Proceedings, A. F. of L. Conventions. 

Per copy, 25 cents; dozen, $3.00; 100, $20.00, 
Bound in half leather, per volume, $2.00. 
Bound in silk cloth (1881 to 1909) per set, $17.00. 

The Union Label; Its History and Aims. 

Prize Essays, by WALTER MacArtaur, P. H. SHevLIN, 
Cuas. D. HemminG. Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 
100, $3.00. 

Some Reasons for Chinese Exclusion. 

Published December, 1901, by the American Federation 
of Labor, being a comprehensive review of the whole 

Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00. 

Au Open Letter to Ministers of the Gospel. 

Issued by the American Federation of Labor. 
Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00 

The Eight-hour Primer. 
The Fact, Theory, and the Argument, by Gso. E 
Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00 

The Eight-hour Workday. 

Its Inauguration, Enforcement, and Influences. 
Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00 

The Economic and Social Importance of the Eight- 
hour Movement. 

By Geo. GuUNTON. 
Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00. 

The Philosophy of the Eight-hour Movement. 

By Lemve. DANRYID. 
Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00. 

The “Philosophy of the Labor Movement.” 

By Ggo. E. McNE&ILL; together with ““‘What Does Labor 
Want?” by Samus. GompErs. 
Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00. 

No Cumpulsory Arbitration. 

Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00. 

Has the Non-Unionist a Moral Right to Work How, 
When, and Where He Pleases? 

By Frank K. Fosrer. 
Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100 $4.00. 

Trade Union Epigrams. 
Some Reasons for the Faith That is Within Us; by 
Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents; 100, $4.00. 

Open Shop Editorials. 

Ry Samvet GompErs. 
Per copy, 5 cents; dozen, 50 cents, 100, $4 00 

In order to organize Labor’s forces, we must educate the workers. 

Send for some of the above pamphlets. They will help the good work along 


Onthe QUALITY Line Guarantee 

Every plier that bears our trade-mark is rigidly tested and inspected, and 
we guarantee them to be absolutely satisfactory. If, at any 
time, they fail to perform their work or are unsatisfactory for any reason 
whatever, we will replace them without question or charge. That’s some 
guarantee, and you can just bet we aren’t in business to give pliers away. 

= Bees 

hole We know what a Utica will do and how it will do it. 

That’s why its called The Quality Line 

(Utica Pliers are UNION MADE) 
Write for Plier Palmistry. It’s Free 


t- x & pampae Vna Pes, ond teas YOUR SPARE TIME TURNED 
W. E. JOHNSON, Jr., Secretary INTO MONEY 

The Fairbanks Company $$$$ 

Any wide-awake union man can earn 

nes GREY IRON FOUNDERS money in his spare time by securing 
subscriptions for the 

Manufacturers of 


A few hours’ work in the union hall 
Ww, Ww or among his shopmates will give 
surprising results. 
Some of our agents are sending over 
a hundred names as the result of can- 
| vassing among their friends during 
by | odd hours 

Write to this office for sample copies, de- 
scriptive booklets and rates of commission. 


Cable address: “ SPRINGFOND” Should be in Every Home 
Lieber's, Western Union and Private Codes 10c a copy from Sd $1 o yoes by 

newsdealers subscription 







Our garments are noted for medium pric. Built for the people 
They are the highest ri il ft 
and form fitting. 







American Federationist 


It is Your Magazine 



A Liberal Commission on Write for Terms. \7 
all Subscriptions sent in. Why don’t You Become an Agent? A 

The American Federationist 

Is on Sale on Every News Stand. If you fail to see it on your News Stand W 







Bread is the one best single food. Not only 
does it contain the food elements necessary to sustain 
life, but it presents them in a form easy to digest. 

Of course, the food value of bread varies with the 
goodness of the bread itself. Bread that’s made.with 


is the best kind by far. Fleischmann’s is a fresh, 
strong, rapid yeast and produces the most wholesome 
bread. In addition, bread made with Fleischmann’s 
Yeast has a rich, nutty flavor, with no trace of sourness. 

Your wife or mother would probably like tohave 
our Recipe Book—we send it free on request. 




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Insulated Wires and Cables 


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THE g 


When youorderunder- 
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see that it has the 
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and you willthen get 
a garment that will 
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Think what this means 
to vou. 

Send for our catalogue 
which illustrates our 
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Order from your local ; — 
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J. A. SCRIVEN COMPANY, Sole Manufacturers 
16-18 East 15th Street - - New York City, N. Y. 


We prove It’s RIGHT with our Durham-Demonstrator. 
At any Dealer's 35¢ Or send your name and address 
_Y e 

with 35 Cents to our office 

~ [urHam)-Jurcex) RAZOR CO. 



We will send you a UNION-MADE Razor, and PROVE It’s RIGHT 


Two Hotels that, under the same 
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Modern Appointments; Reasonable Rates 


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union ioram MADE IN 
Factory NON-UNION 


Do Not Buy Any Shoe 

No matter what its name, unless it 
bears a plain and readable impression 
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All Shoes without the Union Stamp 
are always Non-Union. 

Do not accept any excuse for absence 
of the Union Stamp. 

Boot and Shoe Workers’ Union 

Cuas. L. Bane, Sec.-Trea¢, 

Boston, Mass. 

Joun F. Tosin, Pres. 

246 Summer Street -<- 

J. HERBERT SCHALL Jobbing Promptly 

Attended to 

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Cabinet and Interior Hardwood Work 
Store, Office and Bank Fixtures 




| in le 

indorsed by the Federated Garment Workers of America 

The Pressing Machine that is a 
benefit to the Garment Worker 



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Real Materials for 
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EAL PAINTERS require real ma- 
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Dutch Boy <j [7 Dutch Boy 2) 
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property-owners know these materials 
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and CUFFS 


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a ——$__—________——_¥ 

more =O — = 

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The first brand of Union 
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For Social Play fai For General Play 

designs are true The steriing qutiy of 
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niOr’ / 
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colactions of original sub- Tie’ SENDISC IN STAMPS £3 Q Bicycle cards 
jects by European and Amer- oUt 7 home or club surpasses by far 
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beautiful in coloring. pc USP Sold everywhere. 

Air-Cushion Finish 7 ms . —_— 5¢ 25 Ivory or Air-Cushion Finish 


Everything froma TACK toa 

All the hand tools and auxiliaries used in 


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; be obtained promptly at any of our Branch ry 
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* The W orld’sGreatest External Remedy 
i Alleock’s is the original and genu- 
ine porous plaster. It is a standard 
remedy, sold by druggists in every 

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Entirely Vegetable, 

BLOSSOM, « or any dis- 

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part of the civilized world. 
Apply Wherever there is Pain. 


Used by millions of mothers 
for over Fifty Years. 


Mrs. Winslow’s Soothing Syrup. 




Pure Rye 

Bottled in Bond—Ask for It 


for Men and Women 

Watk:Over Stores or Agencies 


Campello (Brockton), Mass. 

Subscribe to the American Federationist, $1 a Year 

More and 
Better Sewing 

with less labor, if 
you use the 


See your WHITE 
dealer or write us 
for details. 




EDSON S&S. LOTT, President 

80 Maiden Lane, New York City 

Workmen’s Compensation 

} | 



@eElbe Elbe be seEoE2 5252525252520 25e2525e25eo) 

James C. PEaBopy, Pres. R Lewis, Vice-Pres. & Tre Joun T. Leg, Secy. 


Refiners, and Dealers in Lubricating 
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Home Office: 151 Maiden Lane, NEW YORK 
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The American Cotton Oil Co. 

27 Beaver Street, New York 

Discriminating housewives and successful 
bakers of high-grade bread, cake, and pastry This is a Superior quality of oil and is used 
uSe this cooking oil in preference to any other by housewives, hotels, restaurants and others 
cooking fat inshortening and forgeneral cooking for salad dressings and cooking. 

Samples and Booklet of Recipes Mailed FREE Upon Request. 

Refineries at 


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Sold by Druggists 




Branch Offices and Stores in All 
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Your Chance 
Awaits You Somewhere 

This country abounds with opportuni- 
ties—chances ready and waiting for the 
trained man. 

Business men in all lines are seeking 
trained men—men that can “‘ produce.” 

What the world wants of you is success. 
And what you want is success. 

I. C. S. Courses have taken the pick out 
of the laborer’s hands and replaced it with 
the civil engineer’s transit; they have lifted 
the fireman from the boiler room and set 
him in the chief engineer’s chair; they have 
transformed carpenters into Architects; 
clerks into Advertising Managers; masons 
into Contractors; apprentices into Min- 
ing, Mechanical, and Electrical Engineers. 

An I. C. S. Course will place you where 
you want to be, and where you ought to be. 

Mark and mail the coupon. The 
I. C. S. will show you where to find your 
chance, and send you the names of men 
and women in your vicinity who have 
won out through I. C. S. training. 

Mark and Mail the Coupon NOW 


$ Present Occupatl 

SSeS eSeeSeSeeeSeeeeeeoeeeoeoeoe 

* . ° 
e International Correspondence Schools > 
+ Box 844, SCRANTON, PA. e 
@ Please explain, without further obligation on my part, how I ¢ 
@ can qualify for a larger salary and advancement to the » 
@ position, trade, or profession before which I have marked X. e 
° Bookkeeper Concrete Construction | @ 
+ Stenographer Electrical Engineer a 
a Advertising Man Electric Lighting e 
e Show-Card Writer Mechanical Engineer e 
e Window Trimmin Civil Engineer 
Mechanical Draftsman Surveyor ° 
° Industrial Designing Stationary Engineer ° 
e Commercial Iilustrating Building Contractor o 
oe Civil Service Architectural Draftsman | @ 
e Chemist Architect e 
e Textile Manufacturing Structural Engineer 
English Branches Plumb. & Steam Fitting ° 
z Automobile Running Mining Engineer Be 
7 Sd 
eo Name ° 
@ St. and No. e 
o ° 
@ City State wists 


STANLEY “BED ROCK” PLANES as now constructed 
are the strongest and most perfect in adjustment ofany 
Plane ever manufactured. : 

The design of the sides, which is a new and distine- 
tive feature, adds greatly to the strength and attractive- 
ness of the Plane, as will readily be seen from the 
illustration. 4 

The new method of fastening the frog to the seat 
permits of the frog being adjusted either forward or 
backward without moving the lever or the cutter. 

The shape of the knob has been changed, the new 
shape permitting a much firmer and easier grip than 

Send for special “BED ROCK” circular. It will in- 
terest you. 

STANLEY RuLe & LeveL Co. 
New Britain, Conn. U.S.A. 



caenndh Go @. Laan on. FOR PAPERHANGERS’ USE 

The advantages of using Ivory Soap for washing 
dishes are threefold: 

Ist. Dish-washing with Ivory Soap 
does not make the hands red, A 
rough and sore. On the contrary, Pe. 
they remain white, smooth and i . 
soft. : ' <4 

2nd. After washing with Ivory Soap, ; a O 
the dishes are clean in the best { ¥ i 
sense of the word; that is, the : 
soap itself is of such high quality, 3 
so clean if you please, that no } ) 
plate, no cup, not one piece iy $ ' ra 
could be cleaner. ; : hy | 

3rd. Because of Ivory's freedom from + 8) : 

alkali and all strong chemicals, : ; K 
the delicate tints on fine china 
are not injured, a consideration ee —_— 
appreciated especially by those : 
who have pieces with gold 
decorations. ae 




mo SS VS a EEE — =x 


t of any 

ym the 

he seat 
yard or 

le new 
p than 

vill in- 



a a a ES |} 


If you want the service that goes with every 
GENUINE Jenkins Bros. Valve—a service 
that has won for this valve its world-wide 
reputation — look for this Diamond Trade 

Mark before buying. 

od > or z Onn 

rw tine Cia, 





Manufacturers of High-Grade 


Men’s, Women’s and Children’s 


Men’s, Women’s and Children’s Ribbed 
Underwear in Two-Piece Garments 
and Men’s and Women’s 

Cooper Patented Closed-Crotch 
Union Suits 


Good old 


“Since 1857" 

Rye RYE Bottled in Bond" 

A. GUCKENHEIMER & BROS., Pittsburg, Pa. 



LONGEST RECIPE —Dilute two-thirds can of Borden’s 



= : 
Your T iving or Christmas Dinner will 
not be complete without this dessert par 
excellence. To have it rich, but whole- 
some and digestible, use 


3 Eagle Brand Condensed Milk with one and one- 
COMPAN Y fourth cups of water. Beat eight eggs very light, 
add to them half the milk and beat both together; 
stir in gradually one pound of crumbled crackers; 
then add one pound suet (chopped fine), one 
grated nutmeg, one tablespoonful cinnamon, one 
teaspoonful cloves, a pinch of salt. and two pounds 

of raisins (weighed after ponte 
and cutting them); lastly, ad 
the remainder of the milk. Pour 
into a pudding mould and steam 
six hours. Serve with van 

Write for 
Borden’s Recipe Book 


“ Leaders of Quality ** 
New York 



10¢,25¢,50¢ & $1°° Bottles: 

Bogus and Imitation Labels 

United Cloth Hat and Cap Makers 


Loose labels in the hands of storekeepers are 
counterfeits. The only genuine Label indorsed 
by the American Federation of Labor and 
Organized Labor in general. ss 8 

Main Office, 62 East Fourth Street, New York City 



A Page. 
Allcock Manufacturing Company. ............0eeeeee05 897 
American Chicle Company... ..........0+sseeeeeeeees 899 
American Cotton Oil Company... ..... 6.6.60 ceeeeeees 900 
Baker & Company, Ltd., Walter. ............ceceeeeeee 
Barker Company, MITT: coca bac ceseiaex exceed 
Bartholomay Brewing ——aand ndgheeadenenchesavanan 
Bayly Underhill Company... .........:00seeeeeeeeeeee 
Beckwith-Chandler Sonnaaey hs, an dee h-euib ad aol ae eae 
Bernheim Distilling Company. .............-0eseeeeees 
Bermfaoiemer @ Golawarts. .....ccccccccvccccccccccccces 
Boot and Shoe Workers’ Union... . . .. 2.6... cee ceeeeees 
Borden’s Condensed Milk Company.. 
Bossett Campy oo ccc ccc ccccccccccscccccecesecosess 
Bromo-Seltzer (Emerson Drug Company) 
Capewell Horse Nail Company................+- 
CO IIIS 6.0 wvacccnccdasencecnencs+ens 968 
Cinmts, Ba iiss econ concecccceséivccecscnccevescocsses 969 
Cn oncn nos sncsbccsnccecesseesscceecvess 957 
Columbus Auto Parts Company. ..............-s0ee085 973 
Columbus Brick and Terra Cotta Company.............. 972 
Columbus Packing Company... .........seeceeeeeeeees 975 
Consolidated Gas Company. ..........cccccecssessenes 964 
County Savings Bank. .........cccccccccesccccccccecs 971 
Devoe & C. T. Raynolds, F. W...........cceececeseeees 966 
Dillinger Distilling Company. .............2seeseeeeees 898 
Durham-Duplex Razor Company. ............+seeeeee 894 
Hanplve Tive Campamy.. .....cccccccessccsccccccsseces 
Evans & Company, Victor J... .......eeeeeesceeeneeess 959 
iis 6.050:50.04 6540 dtr O oO 600 0deees 975 
Farbwerke-Hoechst Company... ...........0ceeseeeees 972 
F Rent, Few. BD. BGR. e csc cc scccsccccesccccsecessenee 970 
Fleischmann Company, indus ean esaseaedweniens bee 893 
Flower City Brewing Company. .............--seeeeees 903 
ene Ee 901 
G sarment Workers of America, United................. 976-977 
Geiershofer Clothing Company, The.................... 973 
Globe Tobacco Company... ... 6. .ssseeeeeeceeeceeeees 
Great Northern Railway Company................. pooee OD 
Greenhut-Siegel Cooper Company.............. Third Cover 
Ces. 6 6. 60.55.64 0060 eannsceckecetecuds 903 
Haffen Brewing Company, The J. & M............-0005. 969 
Hat and Cap Makers, United Cloth.................04- 904 
Homestead Valve Manufacturing Company............. 980 
iM cnt cravat ecsan dea dacnatde cided 978 
Hotel Gavan Campamy . «2s ccc scccvcascvccccccecescse 979 
Hoyt’s Flintstone aides Belting (Estate, Edward R. 
Hunter Rye ‘Whiskey (William Lanahan & Sons)......... 963 
Huther Bros. Saw Manufacturing Company............. 971 
Independent Salt Company. ...........eeeeeeeeeeeeeee 958 
International Correspondence Schools. .............+55+ 901 
P | 
Jantz & Leist Electric ND. « nacmuheendeneedpheeee 973 
Farwie, Bemamie By... wccceccccvccccccccccccccsccsece 973 
Feulkcins BAGD.... oc ceccccccccscescsecescescesevesecece 903 
Kelly Springfield Road Roller Company ................ 966 
Kinnear Manufacturing Company... ...............05. 969 
Kinnear & Gager Manufacturing Company, The......... 962 


L Page 
Law Reporter Printing Company...................... 906 
Liebmann’s Sons Brewing Company, Ti tnetcntinteadiate 973 
an dw acentecaueseneeteonen 906 
Reeminme Lambe? COMORT . oo occ cece cccccccceccccce 978 
SII GF vin cubosacecksecncededéxnebuc 903 
I RC a eR aE 980 
Mail Pouch Tobacco Company (Bloch Bros.).. . . Fourth Cover 
Merchants and Mechanics’ Bank....................... 971 
a CD , . . oo ccccscccéeccbasvcsee 966 
Mla MBMbd 6 5.6 06:60 0064s 4000eeesbecseccn 966 
Morrill, Charles Fon audea besesS0eebedak dates eekeswnas 906 
New Ebbitt and N: ational Hotels, The . 894 
orthland Steamship Company. ..............0.ccceees 979 
Packard peoter ERE Pane eee, aE Pi 
eae i nian 6 hed an ns od 60a eecindd cue 
Piso Compas Electric Company, The 
“SEE peeeseateieee 
ome og & Gamble Company... . 
_ Prudential Insurance Company 
Ransome Concrete Machinery Company................ 901 
i cena 66 cabenalée had adbucededadait 970° 
Reeves G& Bons, Stacey... .....cccccccscsssevccccccces 895 
Richter M EE EEL OORT: 902 
Rochester Last Works Pi Pehieeneie iebeddundewnnauare 972 
Rome Metallic Bedstead Company..................... 972 
ING 4 660605560006 66.00 0h460006cbe0nns 955- 
Safety Insulated Wire and Cable Company, The.......... 894 
i Seed dicacewteh kendaswescssudeeeeewa 970 
SE ae ee ara .. 894 
Seattle Brewin, z Malting Company............ 
Sohngen Malt Compan ward.... 
I ES 2 5 Ci nn cea ciuseabeeecsvenes 
Stanley Rule and ok ES. Ko ckecutiedsenwenmedon 
Star E Ns i568 6dessnedénecevb ees’ 
tee SUE IIINI . o 6 6 5. o.ncsc0cccceccececs......, 899 
Sweet-Orr & Company. ............cccccccees 
We gb aabn ed chdcaninisdnkimisadsansiewed coco 978 
United Shoe Machinery Company...................... 897 
United States Casualty Company. ..................... 898 
United States Hoffman Company...................... 895 
United States Playing Card Company. . ius . 897 
United States Rubber Company................ Second Cover 
Universal Button Fastening ear. pie Shad veencaabas 980 
Utica Drop Forge and Tool Company................... 975 
Wee GIO, Tins 5s 0 eae cvccccciccesceccca 974 
Walk-Over Shoes (George E. Keith Company)............ 898 
Western Tool & Manufacturing Company............... 967 
White Sewing Machine Company...................... 898 
Williams Bros. Manufacturing Company................ 973 
Winslow's Soothing Syrup, Mrs... .............cccucccs 898 
Wisconsin Condensed Milk Company............... . 965 

Wood Mosaic Flooring and LumberCompany isseuabeue