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AMERICAN 
JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, 


Epirorn: EDWARD S. DANA. 


ASSOCIATE EDITORS 
Proressors GEO. L. GOODALE, JOHN TROWBRIDGE, 
H. P. BOWDITCH anp W. G. FARLOW, or CampripGs, 


Proressors O. C. MARSH, A. E. VERRILL anp H. §. 
WILLIAMS, or New Haven, 


Proressor GEORGE F. BARKER, or Purttape puta, 
Proressor H,. A. ROWLAND, or Batrimors, 
Mr. J. S. DILLER, or Wasnincron. 


FOURTH SERIES. 


VOL. U—[WHOLE NUMBER, CLIT. } 


Nos. 7-12. 
JULY TO DECEMBER, 1896. 


WITH SIX PLATES. 


NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT. 


1896. 





THE TUTTLE, MOREHOUSE & TAYLOR PRESS 


NEW HAVEN, CONN. 





CONTENTS TO VOLUME IL 


— 


Number 7. 


Art. I.—Lecture Experiment with Liquid Carbon Dioxide; 
Siri are onscaeieersawnseemehenesee 
II.—Observations on Percussion Figures on Cleavage plates 
of Mica; by T. L. Warker <a 
I1I.—Seven Day Weather Period; by H. H. Crayron -.-- 
IV.—Pearceite, a Sulpharsenite of Silver and on the Crystal- 
lization of Polybasite; by 8S. L. Penriretp 
V.—Hydrology of the Mississippi; by J. L. Greentear... 
VI.—Preliminary Note on the Relations of Certain Body- 
plates in the Dinichthyids; by C. R. Eastman 
VII.—Tertiary Floras of the Yellowstone National Park ; 
by F. H. Know tron 
VUIL—New Belodont Reptile (Stegomus) trom the Con- 
necticut River Sandstone; by O. C. Marsu, (With 
EEE i060 tbe book nts 6 adka cave bbed beet ewnstitinnee 
I1X.—Separation, and its bearing on Geology and Zodgeog- 
raphy; by A. E. Ortmann 
X.—Iodometric Method for the Determination of Carbon 


XI.—The Opisthoteuthide. A Remarkable New Family of 
Deep Sea Cephalopoda, with remarks on some points in 
Molluscan Morphology; by A. E. Verriti.----..----- 


SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 


Chemistry and Physics—Fusibility of platinum in a blast-furnace fed by e: 
V. Meyer: Condition of the water in analcite, C. Leprerre: Quantitative 
arations by means of hydrogen peroxide, JANNascH, 81.—Use of * heavy 
tions” in the examination of commercial fertilizers, A. P. BRyanr: Act 
nitric acid upon potassium cob ilti-cyanide JACKSON and CoMEy, 82.—Sul 


irbon, 
> sep- 
solu- 
ion of 
»stitu- 


tion of various substances in the place of the water of zeolites, G. FRIEDEL: 


Elementary Treatise in Electricity and Magnetism, G. C. Foster and FE. A 
SON, 83. 

Geology and Natural History—United States Geological Survey, 84.—Ame 
Paleontology Prize, 85.—Midway Stage, G. D Harris: Student’s Ly 
Manual of elementary Geology, J. W. Jupp, 86.—Chloritoid from Michiga 
H. Hoss, 87.—Report of the Section of Chemistry and Mineralogy, 
HorrMANN: Les Mines d’Or du Transvaal, L De Launay, 88-—Lehrbuc 
Okologischen Pflanzen-geographie, E. WARMING: Seventh Annual Repe 
Missouri Botanical Garden, 89. 


TKIN- 


rican 
ell, a 
n, W. 
G. C,. 
*h der 
ort of 


Miscellaneous Scientific Intelligence-—Height of the luminous night-clouds, 89. 
—Publications of the Washburn Observatory of the University of Wisconsin: 


Mathematical papers read at the International Mathematical Congress h 
connection with the World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893: Am«e 


eld in 
‘rican 


Association for the Advancement of Science: British Association for the Ad- 


vancement of Science: Journal of Physical Chemistry, 90. 
Obituary—JosEePH PrEstTWicu: M. DAvBREE, 90. 








Number 8. 

Art. XII.—Molluscan Archetype considered as a Veliger- 
like Form, with discussions of certain points in Mollus- 
can Morphology; by A. E. VERRILL...-...---..------ 

XIII.—Geologic Efficacy of Alkali Carbonate Solution; by 
E. W. Hirearp 

XIV.—Apparatus for the Rapid Determination of the Sur- 
face Tensions of Liquids ; by C. E. LingesarGcer 

XV.—Northupite; Pirssonite, a new mineral; Gaylussite 
and Hanksite from Borax Lake, San Bernardino County, 
California; by J. H. Prarr 

XVI.—Bearpaw Mountains of Montana. Second Paper; 
by W. H. Wuap and L. V. Prsson...............- 

XVII.—Composition and structure of the Hamblen County, 
Tennessee, Meteorite; by G. P. Merritr .-.....---.--- 

XVIII.—Wardite; a New Hydrous Basic Phosphate of 
Alumina; by J. M. Davison 


X1LX.—Iodometric Estimation of Molybdic Acid; by F. A. 
a a eee em 


XX.—Existence of Selenium Monoxide; by A. W. Petrce- 


SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 
Geology and Mineralogy—Anticlinorium and Synclinorium, 168.—Transactions 
of the Geological Society of South Africa, D. DRAPER: Rubies of Burma, C. B. 
Brown and J. W. Jupp, 169. 


Obituary—Strk Josep Prestwicg, D.C.L., F.R.S., 170. 





CONTENTS. 


Number 9. 


Page 
Art. XXI.—Regular or specular reflection of the Réntgen 
Rays from polished metallic surfaces; by O. N. Roop. 173 
XXII.—Iodometric Method for the Determination of Phos- 
phorus in Iron; by CuarLoTre FarrBanks. .--------- 181 
XXIII.—Reduction of Vanadic Acid by Hydriodie and Hy- 
drobromic Acids, and the Volumetric Estimation of the 
same by titration in alkaline solution with Iodine; by 
Fo ae SPU iikin den tie denr sees dene season suns 
XXIV.—Bearpaw Mountains of Montana. Second Paper 
(Part II); by W. H. Weep and L. V. Pirsson 


XXV.—Is the land around Iludson Bay at present rising ? 
ee ee eek 


XXVI.—Principles of North American pre-Cambrian Geol- 
ogy; by C. R. Van Hise. With an appendix on Flow 
and Fracture of Rocks as related to Structure; by L. 


M. Hosktrns éemciniane pupa 
XX VII.—Studies upon the Cyperacezr; by T. Houm 
XXVIIL—Bethany Limestone of the Western Interior Coal 

ee Se ie Be SI igs aw ho pcs cowencsnsennnecs OM 


XXIX.—Surface Tension of Mixtures of Normal Liquids; 
by C. E. Linesparcer 


XX X.—Thickness of the Paleozoic Sediments in Arkansas; 
by J. C. Branner. With a Map (Plate IIT) 

XXXI.—Devonian of North Missouri, with notice of a new 
Semen s WS. Cl, TAD anos once se cewcesceeeces 

XXXIL—A Visit to the Great Barrier Reef of Australia ; 
Re ls EE oteks siete here Uked devn sone nann ss 


SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE, 


Obituary—HuBert ANSON Newton, 245: Jostan Dwignt Wuitney: A. H. 
GREEN: PETER COLLIER, 246. 





CONTENTS. 


Number 10. 


Arr. XX XIII.—Rate of Condensation in the Steam Jet: 
by A. pEF, Paumer, Jr. (With Plate 1V.) 

XXXIV.—Longitudinal Aberration of Prisms; by C. 
Axspot and F. E. Fow ts, Jr. ee 

XXXV.—Abnormal Hickory Nuts; by F. H. Herrick. 
(With Plate V.) 

XXXVI.—Separation and Identification of Potassium and 
Sodium; by D. Atsert Kremer and J, E. Brecken- 
RIDGE 


XXX VII.—Estimation of C sdedom as the Oxide; by P. E. 
BrowninG and L. C. Jones 
XXXVIII.—Determination of Tellurium by Precipitation as 
the Iodide; by F. A. Goocu and W. C. Morgan ---- 
XXXIX.—Notes on some Mesozoic Plants from near Oro- 
ville, California; by W. M. Fonraine “ 
XL.—New Method for Reading Deflections of Galvanom- 
eters; by C. B. Rice -.-.- ape aenaem 
XLI.—Crystal Measurement by means of Angular Codrdi- 


nates and on the Use of the Goniometer with two Cir- 
cles; by C. PaLtacue 


XLIT.—Search for Solar X-Rays on Pike’s Peak; 
CaJORI ... 


XLIII.—Note on yooently discovered Dikes of Alnoite at 
Manheim, N. Y.; by c. IL. Smyrtu, Jr. 


XLIV.—<Action of Ferric Chloride on Metallic Gold ; 
C. McILuinry 
XLV.—Geology of Block Island; by O. C. Marsu 


SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 

Chemistry and Physics—Empirical Relation between Melting-point and Critical 
Temperature, F, W. CLARKE, 299.—Quantitative Separation of Chlorine, Bro- 
mine and Iodine, BENNETT and PLacewAy: Homogeneity of Argon and of 
Helium, RAMSAY and COLLIE, 300.—Argon and Helium from a Natural Spring, 
Cu. Movurev: Liquefaction of Helium, OLSzewskI, 301. 

Geology and Mineralogy—Glacial deposits, preglacial valleys, and interglacial 
lake-formation in Subalpine Switzerland, C. 8. Du Bice PReLverR, 301.—U. 8. 
Geological Survey: Bibliography and Index of North American Geology, 
Paleontology, Petrology, and Mineralogy for 1892-3, F. B. Werexks: Iowa 
Geological Survey: Elements of Geology, J. LeConte, 303.—Amount of gold 
and silver in sea-water, 304.—Brief notices of some recently described min- 
erals, 305.—Mineralogical Lexicon of Franklin, Hampshire and Hampden 
Counties, Mass., B. K. EMerson: Recent works on Crystallography, 306. 

Miscellaneous Scientific Intelligence—American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, 307. 

Obituary—JosiAH Dwigut WHITNEY, 312.—GEORGE Brown GOODE, 313.— 
Sik WILLIAM Rospert GrRovE: DR. AUGUST KEKULE, 334. 








CONTENTS. 


Number 11. 

Art. XLVI.—Missourite, a new Leucite Rock from the 
Highwood Mountains of Montana; by W. H. Weep 
and L. V. Prrsson 

XLVII.—Silveria Formation ; by O. H. Hersuey --- 

XLVII.—Viscosity of Mixtures of Liquids; by C. E. 
BARGER 

XLIX.—Volume Measurement of an Air Thermometer Bulb; 
Ey SE CE bis 6s cptdc nahn aetiee ka eeeeaweunen 

L.—Effect of Residual Viscosity on Thermal Expansion; by 
H. D. Day 

LI.—Induction Coefficients of Hard Steel Magnets ; 

LI.—Application of Certain Organic Acids to the Estima- 
tion of Vanadium; by P. E. Brownine and R. J. 
GoopMAN 

LIII.—The Determination of Oxygen in Air and in Aqueous 
Solution; by D. A. Krerper 

LIV.—Local Deformation of Strata in Meade County, Kan- 
sas, and Adjoining Territory (Preliminary); by E. 
HawortTu 

LV.—Amphibian Footprints from the Devonian; by O. C. 
Marsu Sugenyerre 

LVI.—Geology of Block Island (Continued); by O. C, 
Marsu 


SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 


Chemistry and Physics—Lucium, a supposed new element, M. P. BARRIBRE: 
Occurrence of gallium in the clay-ironstone of the Cleveland district, Yorkshire, 
W. N. HarTLEY and H. RAMAGE, 378.—Flame temperatures, W. J. WAGGENER: 
Liquefaction of Helium, K. OLszEwskI, 379.—Photometry of the ultra violet 
portion of the Solar Spectrum, H. T. Srmon: Electrical Indices of Refraction, 
P. Drove: Electrical Oscillations in a conducting sphere capable of polariza- 
tion, RypBERG, KAYSER and RUNGE, 380.—Magnetic Detector of Electrical 
Waves, E. RuTHERFORD: Discharge of an electrified body by means of the 
Tesla Spark, F. J. Smita: Nature‘of the Réntgen rays, J. J. Tuomson, 381.— 
Absolute hardness, F, AUERBACH: Determination of Freezing Points, J. A. 
HARKER, 390.—Ré6ntgen Rays and Phenomena of the Avode and Cathode, E. 
P. Tompson and W. A. ANTHONY: Journal of Physical Chemistry, 392. 

Geology and Natural History—Geology of Somali-land, 393.—Text-Book of 
Paleontology, K. A. VON ZITTEL, 394.—-Structural details in the Green Moun- 
tain region and in eastern New York, T. N. Date, 395.— Mineral Industry: 
Botanical Gazette: Dualistic Theory of Descent, 396. 

Miscellaneous Scientific Intelligence—British Association for the Advancement 
of Science: Report of the Sixth Meeting of the Australasian Association for 
the Advancement of Science: Ostwald’s Klassiker der Exacten Wissenschaften, 
397. : 

Obituary—M. HIpPoLyte Fizeau: Sr. Luigi PALMIERI, 398, 





Number 12. 


Art. LVII.—Archelon ischyros: A new gigantic Cryptodire 
Testudinate from the Fort Pierre Cretaceous of South 
Dakota; by G. R. Wretanp (With Plate VL.) 


LVIIL—Examination of Specimens from Chichan-Kanab, 
Yucatan; by J. L. Howr and H. D. Camppe iy 


LIX.—Method for the Separation of Aluminum from Iron; 
by F. A. Goocn and F, 8. Havens 


LX.—Chemical Composition of Hawaiian Soils and of the 
> 


Rocks from which they have been derived; by A. B. 


BO icc carciaawevenvine Ricwewes as ‘ ceauemes as 
LXI.—The Original Trenton Rocks; by T. G. Wurre 


LXII.—Jurassic Formation on the Atlantic Coast; by O. 
Marsu 


SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 

Chemistry and Physics—Chemistry of the Cyanide Process, BODLAENDER: 
Beryllium not isomorphous with thé metals of the magnesium group, RETGERS, 
448.—Non-existence of two Orthophthalic Acids, H. L. WHEELER: Humphrey 
Davy, Poet and Philosopher, T. KE. Tuorps; Chemistry in Daily Life, Lassar- 
Coux, 449.-—Practical Methods of Organic Chemistry, GAqrERMANN: Chemi- 
cal Analysis of Iron, A. A. Bair: Physikalisch-chemische Propédeutik, 
H. GRIESBACH: Methods of determining the dryness of saturated steam and the 
condition of steam gas, O. REYNOLDS, 450.<+Temperature in Geissler tubes, R. 
W. Woop: Images in the field of a Crookes tube. N. Oumorr and A. Samoi- 
LOFF: Réntgen rays, HAGA, 452.—Principles of the Transformer, F, BEDELL, 
453.—Elements of Physics, Vol. If, E. L. NicHous and W. 8. FRANKLIN, 454.— 
Alternating Currents and Alternating Current Machinery, D. C. Jackson and 
J.P. JACKSON, 455. , 


Geology and Mineralogy—Palzozoic fossils from Baffinland, KE. M. Kinpie, 455, 
—16th Annual Report of United States Geological Survey, 456.—Biological 
Lectures, Wood’s Holl, 457.—Dinosaurs of North America. O. C. Marsu, 458. 

Manual of Determinative Mineralogy with an introduction on Blow-pipe 
Analysis, G. J. Brusu and S. L. PENFIELD, 459.—Mikroskopische Physiogra- 
phie der massigen Gesteine, H. Rosexpuscu: Minerale des Harzes, O. LUED- 
ECKE, 460.—Minéralogie de la France et ses colonies, A. LAcrorx: Vienna 
Collection of Meteorites, 461.—Phosphate deposits in Tennessee, J. M. Sar- 
FORD.— National Academy of Sciences, 462. 


Botany—Timber Pines of the Southern United States, C. Monr, 463.—Richards 
on increase of activity in respiration after injury, 464. 


Obituary—BARON FERDINAND VON MUELLER, K.C.M.G., 464. 


INDEX, 465.