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Che Cibrary Assistant : 
The Official Organ of the Library Assistants’ Association. 

No. 162 JULY, 1911. Published Monthly. 


Editorial «. 139 
Diary of an E aster Pilgrimage (continued). Miss O. E. Clarke oe ©6141 
Proceedings: May Meeti: 1g ae oes eo 

Annual Meeting... one aa as woe 145 

Midland Branch pees me ree a ooo ee 

Yorkshire Branch , - ne was «oo Ia 
Modern Prices and Ancient L ibraries aaa = oo. 154 
Notable Professional Literature ae a oa wee ar 
Correspondence Ene oe ae oe 158 
Appointments and Changes es ase wae we §=158 


A warm invitation is given to all members of the Association to the 
Summer Meeting at Malvern, on Thursday, 13th July. The following 
programme has kindly been arranged by Mr. F. C. Morgan, Librarian, 
Malvern Public Library :— 

3 p.m. Leave Malvern Link Station and walk to top of Worcester- 
shire Beacon. Those not wishing to climb the hill may find their 
way to St. Ann's Well and there await the main party. 

5 Visit Public Library. 
5 Tea, by special invitation. 
Visit to Davenham Gardens by kind permission of C. W. Dyson 
Perrins, Esq. 
Drive round the hills—fare 1s. 

Members travelling from North of Malvern should book to Great 
Malvern, but alight at Malvern Link. Those coming from the south should 
book to Malvern Link and alight there. 

Friends of members are cordially invited. 

Those who intend being present should inform Mr. W. E. Owen, 
Coventry Public Library, not later than 10th July. 


The Next Number of “The Library Assistant” will, 
as in former years, be combined with the September number 
and issued on September Ist. We take this opportunity of 
wishing to all our readers a most enjoyable holiday season. 

The Annual Meeting.—There was not a single hitch in 
the arrangement for the Annual Meeting, and to all who 
were present it proved to be not only an interesting event 
and important from the point of view of librarianship, but also 


a most enjoyable social gathering. The visit to the British 
and Foreign Bible Society’s Depot took up more time than 
had been anticipated on account of the general interest of 
the Society’s establishment, so that the alternative 
arrangements had to be curtailed. Sion College was well 
worthy of the anticipatory comments in our last number. 
Indeed it surpassed the expectations of those who had not 
previously seen the College. After tea, kindly provided by 
the Governors, there was every opportunity to examine the 
library, and Mr. C. H. Limbrick’s exhibition of rarities. As 
will be seen from the account published in this number, there 
was no lack of speakers at the subsequent Conference; the 
Annual Report was accepted unanimously ; and the Special 
Report on conditions of library service was also accepted 
unanimously after a valuable discussion. Thus has 
concluded a year of work which, in yielding more than an 
ordinary amount of good to library assistants and to 
librarianship, has added greatly to the power of the 
Association. We look forward to the next session with the 
pleasurable anticipation of a continuance of these activities, 
and have every confidence in an increase in membership 
and in a consequent enlargement of the scope of work. 

The next Sessional Programme.—The preparation of 
the programme for the coming session is well advanced, and 
there is every promise of an interesting year. But as the 
list of subjects for discussions is not yet full, the Council 
will welcome suggestions from Members as to papers to be 
read or as to any activity that may tend to forward the work 
of the Association. 

The L.A.A. Library.—The Library of the Association 
has been enriched by a donation from Miss E. Hetherington, 
of Hammersmith, of volumes of “ The Library,” “The Library 
Association Record,” “The Library World,” “The Library 
Journal,” and “ Public Libraries,” with the addition of some 
volumes and parts of “The Library Assistant.” The best 
thanks of the Association are due to Miss Hetherington, 
because by her donation many lacunae in the sets of 
magazines belonging to the Library have been filled, and 
volumes of valuable journals such as “ The Library Journal” 
have been added which have never before been represented. 

Postal Reform.— Among other business reported in “The 
Work of the Council” paragraph in May, will be noticed a 
report from the Editor on his attendance at a meeting of 
Editors to discuss the question of the rates of postage on 
periodicals other than daily and weekly newspapers. It has 




rE ete NER 

nr emperor 


long been a cause for grievancethat the chargeson such printed 
matter bythe British Post Office are excessive. It was clearly 
demonstrated at the meeting convened by the Editor of the 
“ Agricultural Economist” that they are the highest in the 
world. How absurd and unequal are the charges can best be 
illustrated by the fact that whereas such a magazine as 
“ The Field,” which often weighs three or four pounds, can 
be sent for one half-penny, our own journal last month, 
because it weighed over two ounces, was charged one 
penny. It has been only with great difficulty (by using light 
paper, and the thinnest envelopes) that we have been able to 
keep the weight of the ordinary numbers within the two ounces, 
and the earnest wish to enlarge the scope and increase the 
usefulness of “The Library Assistant” cannot be satisfied 
because of the heavy increase in the cost of postage which 
would result. The meeting was a most representative one, and 
the unanimity of opinion on the question resulted in the passage 
of four vigorous resolutions condemning the attitude of the 
Post Office, which cripples the work of an extremely im- 
portant branch of literature, demanding as fair treatment as 
is afforded to publishers in America, Canada, etc., and form- 
ing a Committee to carry on the work of pressing the 
necessity of reform. The Council of the Association whole- 
heartedly supports the movement, and will do all in its power 
to add weight to the campaign. 

By Ouive E. CLARKE. 

Easter Day dawned clear and bright, and several 
members of the party rose early and made their way to a 
little English church, fragrant with the scent of lilies, 
wherein that sense of peace surrounded them which comes 
to those who meet with dear, familiar experiences in places 
where all things else are strange. The morning was devoted 
by some to a visit to the Hétel de Ville, but practically the 
whole party attended High Mass in St. Gudule, that 
impressive building which appears to keep watch and ward 
over the city: a special choir and orchestra had been 
obtained for the Easter Festival services, and the music, 
particularly the “Gloria in Excelsis,” was _ peculiarly 
beautiful. A stroll through a Parc bathed in golden 
sunshine followed the service; a hasty luncheon and a 
valiant, but unsuccessful attempt to catch an express train 
to Antwerp was made, however, the party invaded one 
which stopped at every station and gained their first 


experience of third-class travelling on the Continent. A 
somewhat protracted journey was whiled away by 
inconsequent jokes, the inscribing of autographs on picture 
postcards, dramatic recitations, and—alas that it should 
have to be recorded, by one in sweet sleep. Having arrived 
at Antwerp, the party followed the man with the guidebook 
down fine wide streets to the quiet square in which stands 
that Mecca of book-lovers, the Musée Plantin. Time did 
not permit of more than a cursory glance at the treasures to 
be found there, but the visitors noted the portraits of the 
printer and his family painted by Rubens, an unknown 
painter’s picture of “The Disciples at Emmaeus”; some 
delightful MSS. whose beautiful script and wonderful 
ornamentation bear witness to the pride taken by the scribes 
and illuminators in their work; some fine specimens of early 
printing, including a copy of the 36-line Bible and some 
Aldines’ and Elzevirs’ were also to be seen. Crossing the 
picturesque mediaeval courtyard, with one of its walls 
covered by the vine said to have been planted by Christopher 
Plantin, the visitors found themselves in the printing-offices: 
in them everything is so arranged that work could be 
resumed at any time; the presses, the types, and ornaments 
and some loose sheets of corrected proof being especially 

Then, by way of quaint old streets watched over by 
statues of Our Blessed Lady, the party came to the 
Cathedral, which is the largest and finest example of Gothic 
architecture in the Netherlands. In addition to one or two 
very beautiful chapels, the Cathedral contains some of the 
best examples of Ruben’s art, amongst them being the great 
“ Descent from the Cross,” and “The Assumption.” The 
tower of the Cathedral, four hundred and three feet high, 
was next ascended; from this coin of vantage a magnificent 
panoramic view of the Netherlandish plain, with the Scheldt 
winding in and out like a huge serpent, and a bird’s-eye view 
of Antwerp itself was obtained. Not only were the 
chimes heard, but the bells were also seen, and the 
mechanism of the great clock inspected ere the descent to 
earth was made. Tea was then sought at “The Rubens’ 
Restaurant,” and, owing to the fact that it was Easter Day, 
the proprietor gave his customers a delicious cake which 
was greatly appreciated. Purchases of picture postcards, 
and a walk back through the town completed the visit to 
Antwerp; a fast train was caught back to Brussels, where 
the party separated and went in various directions for walks, 
in order to study “la vie continentale.” 


In accordance with instructions received, and awakened 
by the sound of song, the members of the party, with but 
few exceptions, arose betimes on Monday to partake of an 

* : : ~ : , 
early ~ petit dejeuner.” This last meal was not without 
° . 6 ” ’ 

diversion, for “Madame” presented the bill, and accounts 
had therefore to be settled. However, all was accomplished 
at last; signatures and other details were inscribed in the 
official visitors’ register as required by Government, 
compliments were exchanged with “ Madame,” luggage was 
shouldered, and away went the party to the Gard du Nord 
to deposit the baggage in the cloak-room. The remainder 
of the morning was spent by some in a visit to the weird 
Wiertz Museum, by others in flying visits to favourite haunts, 
from which some of the ladies reappeared laden with boxes of 
cigars, and by a final lecture by Monsieur Otlet. 

This last lecture was delivered in the building—a disused 
Chapel—in which is stored the classified collection of 
documents on all present-day questions. M. Otlet first drew 
attention to a notice of the school in the current issue of 

L’Etoile Belge,” and the members read the following 
paragraphs with considerable gusto :— 
Une ‘* Summer School" a Bruxelles. 

Le ‘*summer school,’? comme lentendent les Anglo-Américains, 
consiste a utiliser une vacance pour faire une excursion agréable en plein 
air, visiter des institutions scientifiques, suivre un cours sur un sujet 
d’actualité et nouer des relations personnelles. Une vingtaine de biblio- 
thécaires anglais réalisent actuellement un tel programme. Le cours a lieu 
a VInstitut International de Bibliographie et porte sur les méthodes 
bibliographiques et l’organisation de la documentation ; les visites sont faites 
dans les musées, les bibliothéques, les batiments d’enseignement et les 
grandes monuments; l’excursion se poursuit a travers la forét de Soignes, 
Tervueren, Waterloo et a Bruges, sur la route du retour via Ostende. 
Partis de Londres jeudi soir, au début des ‘ holidays,”’ les grands écoliers 
seront de nouveau a leur travail mardi matin. Les organisateurs comptent 
developper 4a l’avenir de telles visites internationales.”’ 

M. Otlet then dealt at some length with the question of 
Documentation. He explained that the term document was 
the general one used to designate all the several and official 
forms of records, writing, letters, figures of all kinds; in 
fact, all publications, ranging from the broadside to the book. 
It became necessary for the Institut International to collect 
all publications, so as to create collections of documents: it 
therefore makes a systematic collection of cuttings from 
newspapers which give contemporary information and are 
helpful in bibliographical research; of small pamphlets, 
prospectuses, etc., and of the publications of several societies. 
> “e , 4 
Each “document” is cut and pasted on a large card on 
which is given the name of the author, or source of the 


article, together with its classification. These cards are 
stored in large trays on the same principle as those in the 
smaller ones: in this way a vast universal and perpetual 
encyclopzedia is being formed. Some idea of the magnitude 
of this work is gained when one learns that 200,000 documents 
were collected within the space of three years. A 
photographic record of these documents is also kept, so that 
if perchance they were destroyed, their contents would not 
be lost to the world. 

At the conclusion of the lecture, the President (Mr. 
W. C. Berwick Sayers) voiced the thanks of the party to 
M. Otlet for his hospitable and courteous reception, and for 
his kindness in delivering the lectures in English; the 
Chairman of the Midland Branch (Mr. H. W. Checketts) 
seconded this vote in a few well-chosen words, and it was 
carried unanimously and enthusiastically. After some final 
words of farewell, the party adjourned to lunch, and in the 
afternoon they journeyed to Bruges. A very thorough 
exploration of this ancient and historical town was made: 
visits were paid to the Cathedral, to the Grand Place with 
its picturesque Guildhall and the Chapel of the Holy Blood; 
to the quays whose old-world charm evoked great admira- 
tion, and whose canals recalled, to a certain extent, one’s 
dreams of Venice; to the Hospice de St. Jean, within 
whose walls are the famous pictures by Memling, and the 
shrine, decorated with scenes from the legend of St. Ursula, 
which is said to have been painted by him in return for the 
kindness shewn him by the sisters; and then, at last, to 
“the belfry, old and brown” which has kept guard over the 
city for so many long years: in the deserted courtyard, the 
sound of the chimes rang clearly and sweetly out, calling 
one to linger and give the imagination free rein. But time 
pressed, and trains will not linger, so the way to the station 
was taken, and the journey to Ostende made. Ostende 
proved to be dreary and deserted, the streets and digue 
were illumined by lamps at far distant intervals, and, after 
dinner, there was no inducement to remain ashore, and the 
party embarked on board the “Princess Elisabeth.” A 
marconigram was sent to Mr. H. Vaux Hopwood, the 
originator of the excursion, to tell of its success, and the 
coast of Belgium was left near midnight. There had been 
rumours of a fog in the Channel, but they were but rumours, 
and the moon soon rose in all her glory; the spirit of song 
descended upon various members, and the return home was 
enlivened by strains, ranging from “Who killed Cock 
Robin?” to extracts from the Wagnerian operas. London 

ON EE ae 



was reached about 6 a.m.,when, after exchanging hopes that 
other excursions would be possible in the future, the members 
scattered to all parts of the kingdom. 



For the first time in its existence the Association on 
May 10th held a meeting at Hampstead in the lecture room 
of the Central Library. A few Members met in the after- 
noon, and after a tramp over the Heath paid a visit to the 
Branch Libraries and then had tea together. The meeting 
commenced at 8 o’clock, and in taking the Chair, Mr. W. E. 
Doubleday extended a very cordial welcome to the L.A.A. 
on behalf of the Hampstead Libraries’ Committee and of 
himself. He congratulated the Association on the way it 
carried out its business, emphasizing the amount it did for 
the assistant. After the reading of the minutes of the 
previous meeting, Mr. R. Cooper (Battersea) was elected a 
Member of Council, and Messrs B. Crook (Leyton) and 
J. Warner (Croydon) auditors, there being no other nomin- 
ations. The Chairman called upon Mr. R. F. Bullen to 
read his paper on Financial Loans: Methods of Borrowing 
and Repayment which, with the valuable discussion that 
took place afterwards, in which Mr. Bursill (Woolwich), the 
President, Messrs. Thorne (Poplar), Stewart (Islington), 
Chambers (Woolwich), Purnell (Croydon), Coutts (Islington), 
and the Chairman took part, will be printed in “ The Library 
Assistant”? as soon as possible. Votes of thanks to Mr. 
Bullen, to the Chairman and to the Libraries’ Committee of 
Hampstead, concluded an interesting meeting. The Mem- 
bers present were enabled, both before and after the meet- 
ing to see the working of the library. 

ASSISTANTS’ ASSOCIATION, now an event of the past, can give 
place to none in point of interest and importance, and 

‘formed a fitting conclusion to a Session distinguished for 

the amount of work accomplished towards the forwarding of 
the Library movement, as well as for a series of events of 
particular value to the library assistant. The weather was 
ideal; the programme was full to over-flowing, and a better 
meeting place could not have been chosen. If there can be 
any cause for regret it is that more people did not avail 


themselves of the opportunity of partaking of the hospitality 
of Sion College and joining in discussions of the greatest 
import to library assistants and the library profession. 


The proceedings started when, at three o'clock, on 
Wednesday, June 4th, about twenty members met to view 
the depot of the British and Foreign Bible Society in Queen 
Victoria Street. Here a warm welcome was extended to 
the party by the Rev. Arthur Taylor who was present 
to show the Society’s wonderful library of about 30,000 
Bibles and its various portions in more than 500 languages. 
In the room was an exhibition of early Bibles arranged to 
show the history of the version in present use. From 
the Library the party proceeded to the warehouse and were 
shown the stores ready and being prepared to be sent out 
into all parts of the world, including the printing presses 
from which are issued books in out of the way languages 
for which types have to be specially prepared. 


There was no time left for the projected visit by the main 
party to Messrs. Cassell’s publishing house, nor to the St. 
Bride Foundation Institute, the visit to the B.F.B.S. having 
proved so interesting as to take up all the time available, 
until at 5 o’clock the Members, with others who had in the 
meantime visited Cassell’s or whose engagements had 
prevented from attending the previous event, met at Sion 
College. Here tea had been provided by the kindness of the 
Governors of the College, after partaking of which a visit 
of inspection was made to the Library in which Mr. C. H. 
Limbrick had prepared a most interesting exhibition of 
early printed books and other treasures of the College. 

At 6.30 p.m. the Rev. J. F. Marr, Vicar of St. Botolph, 
Aldgate, E.C., President of the Court of Governors of the 
College, took the Chair in the Hall, in which had gathered 
about sixty members and friends. In opening the 
proceedings he said it gave him very great pleasure indeed 
to preside over a gathering of librarians in the College to 
which had been attached a library for about 300 years, and 
on behalf of the Court of Governors he welcomed the 
Association to Sion College. In describing the institution 
in which for the first time he was taking his place as President, 
he said that though not part of the original scheme of the 
founder, Dr. White, a library had been found a necessity 
and was very soon added. Like all institutions with so 


lengthy a history, the College had suffered from the Great 
Fire, and a large number of books were destroyed. In the 
rebuilding the library became the most important feature 
for consideration. The College was primarily for the Clergy 
and the library was accordingly built up with special regard 
to their needs, but books were also added very largely in 
general subjects, history and literature. Formerly it was 
one of the libraries in receipt of books under the Copyright 
Act; but this has been changed into a Treasury grant of 
£365 per annum. The speaker then referred to the 
centenary of George Wallace whose advocacy of free 
libraries did so much towards their foundation, and to the 
bi-centenary of the publication of “ The Spectator,” in which 
he had lately come across an attempt by Addison at the 
compilation of a list of “ Best Books” specially suitable for 
a lady’s library. As there were ladies as well as gentleman 
present, he read a portion of the article to show what sort 
of books were prevalent at the time, and as a reminder of 
the swift mortality of famous writers. He concluded his 
remarks with a hope that the conference would prove 


The Chairman then called on Mr. W. BENSON THORNE 
(Poplar) to open the Conference with a paper on “The 
Policy of the Library Assistants’ Association in Its Relation 
to the Public Library Movement.” Mr. Thorne dwelt 
particularly on the need for enthusiasm in carrying forward 
the work of the Association. It was recognised that 
Libraries were engaged in a great work. By uniting 
together it was possible for Assistants to help greatly in 
forwarding their objects. Recent events such as the 
advertisements for librarians at ridiculously low salaries 
were apt to be discouraging, but the L.A.A. was doing 
everything possible towards putting a stop to such insults 
to the profession, by obtaining publicity in the districts 
concerned, by writing to the respective library authorities, 
and by similar means. By enthusiastic work library assist- 
ants could, through the Association, do an immense amount 
of work in obtaining the recognition due to libraries. Mr. 
W. E. Owen, who had come specially from Coventry for 
the Meeting, followed with a paper on “The Policy of the 
L.A.A. in Its Relation to the Individual Assistant.” He 
showed how, as in the example of the Midland Branch, 
assistants could obtain from their Association abundance 
of good both in the advantages obtainable from the 


discussions of professional matters, and in gaining for them- 
selves education in professional subjects. The more widely 
the Association could operate the better would be the results. 
He urged the arrangement of Meetings, if possible on 
one of the Bank Holidays in each year, at centres 
most convenient for members all over England, so 
that, by reason of the libraries being closed and the cheapness 
of fares at such times, the largest number could attend. 
Mr. J. D. Stewart (Islington) in opening the discussion, 
welcomed Mr. Owen to London. He thought Mr. Thorne 
had been rather pessimistic in his references to examples 
of library parsimony ; such cases as those boroughs in 
which libraries had not yet been established, left room for 
progress. Mr. Owen had contrasted the conditions in the 
Provinces with those in London; but it was a difficulty 
which was met with in every Association. There must be 
a headquarters, and London was naturally the head and 
must be the best centre for educational facilities. Such 
questions had been brought up inthe Report to be presented 
later, in which it was pointed out how, by the co-operation of 
librarians and principal assistants, educational facilities 
could be provided in any districts. With reference to the 
proposition that the Association should take action in cases 
of grievance against the Library Association registration 
decisions, he considered it to be possible only after the 
individual Assistant has taken every step towards proving 
his case. He thought that if the Association tried to do too 
much, there was a danger of getting little accomplished. 
The Association had great influence throughout the country 
and they should work through their members in the country. 
Mr. R. A. Psppie thought Mr. Thorne’s paper was most 
interesting and stimulating and an apt expression of the 
enthusiasm that he had urged. He believed that more 
attention should be paid to specializing in the different 
departments of library work. In America a man 
could start in a small library and develop on certain 
lines, say in cataloguing or classification. From this he 
could go to another library taking up his special work, and 
ultimately gain a headship of a department in one of the 
great libraries. He would like to see a similar arrangement 
in England. They must convince library authorities that 
better service will be obtainable from men who are properly 
trained. He agreed with Mr. Thorne that they needed 
enthusiasm and believed that the Council of the Association 
were enthusiastic. But the spirit must extend throughout 
the whole of the Members. Mr. J. F. Hocc (Battersea) 



thought that more enthusiasm was needed in the Library 
Association to get them to take action in such cases as had 
been pointed out. It would be well also if Library Com- 
mittees could be made to take more interest in the work of 
their libraries. The work required of assistants was of a 
very high order and yet they were paid worse than street 
sweepers. He thought it would be a good thing if libraries 
were to be placed under the educational authority. 
Mr. H. R. Peters expressed his belief in the value of meet- 
ings in the provinces, and hoped they would become more 
frequent. The Hon. Epiror (Mr. H. R. Purnell) moved 
and Miss O. E.CuiarkE, (Islington) seconded a vote of thanks 
to the readers of the papers which was carried enthusiasti- 
cally. In reply, Mr. W. E. Owesw said he agreed with 
Mr. Stewart that London should be the centre, but thought 
more attention should be paid to the Branches. There 
were difficulties in the Provinces which did not exist for 
the London assistant, such as the lack of opportunities for 
meeting together. Until the Midland Branch was formed 
the Northampton library had not been visited by an associa- 
tion for over 40 years. Many assistants would lose interest 
because of these difficulties. With regard to registration he 
had heard it said that there were cases in which provincial 
assistants had not been treated the same as those in London. 
The L.A.A. had a duty to perform to those assistants. THE 
PRESIDENT (Mr. W.C. Berwick Sayers) then moved a vote of 
thanks to the Rev. J. F. Marr for presiding, to the Court of 
Governors for their reception and hospitality, and to the 
Sub-Librarian for his trouble in arranging the exhibition. 
THE Honorary SECRETARY (Mr. H. T. Coutts) seconded, and 
the vote was carried unanimously with applause. The 
Chairman replied in a few well chosen words, in which he 
expressed his pleasure and interest in the debate. 

Business MEETING. 

Shortly after 8 o’clock the President took the Chair, 
and, after the reading of the Minutes of the previous 
meeting, called upon the HoNoRARY SECRETARY to move the 
Sixteenth Annual Report. In doing so Mr. Coutts drew 
attention to the increase in income in spite of a slight falling 
off in membership, and said that there was need for 
missionary work on the part of members to gain increased 
support for the Association. Sometimes members had left 
the Association, because the Council did not take particular 
lines of action. That was not the way to improve matters. 
It rested with anyone who wished reform in any matter to 


try and get it carried out. He referred to the new feature in 
the report which concerned the recently established Conti- 
nental meeting, and said he hoped it was only the beginning 
of many such meetings. Mr. W. BENSon THORNE seconded 
the Report, and putting it to the Meeting the PrEsIDENT 
remarked on the recent success of Mr. G. A. Stephen in 
being appointed City Librarian of Norwich, and on behalf of 
the Conference offered him heartiest congratulations. The 
Report was thereupon adopted unanimously without further 

THE PrResSIDENT then moved the adoption of the “ Report 
on the Hours, Salaries, Training, etc., of assistantsin British 
Municipal Libraries,” and in support of it outlined the 
history of its inception and the way it had been carried out. 
He pointed out the importance to the library profession of 
the Report, and said that with the conclusion of compilation 
it was not to be thought that the Council’s work had ended. 
Much remained to be done and the Report could not be 
regarded as complete until details had been obtained of the 
working of libraries other than those under Municipal 
control. Mr. J. D. Stewart seconded the adoption of the 
Special Report. In reply to a question from Mr. Owen the 
President said that in cases where house, etc., were provided 
for chief librarians £50 had been added to the salaries. Mr. 
Owen then continued the discussion by remarking on the 
section relating to time sheets. He did not think they were 
so easily adjustable as was suggested, especially where a lot 
of back work had to be done. At Coventry he thought it 
would be impossible to do the work on the time sheet 
suggested. Mr. H. G. Suretisgs did not think Coventry was 
an isolated case. It was largely a matter of L.S.D. They 
were all looking forward to the Report to mitigate many of 
the evils in the library profession. THE Honorary EpITor 
(Mr. H. R. Purnell) said that the great value of the Report 
lay in its suggestiveness. Probably there were few, if any, 
libraries in which the recommendations could be adopted as 
a whole ; but every library could find a basis for alteration. 
In the matter of time sheets, although it had formerly been 
thought impossible at Croydon with the present staff to effect 
alteration, a careful consideration involving much thought 
and even several headaches had shown that a revision was 
practicable, and a time sheet had been in working order for 
more than a year which resembled in many respects the one 
in the report. The benefit to the staff had been enormous. 
The suggested time sheet was not to give hard and fast rules, 
butto provide suggestions. One value of the enquiry had 


shown itself in the fact that already some Libraries, without 
doubt awakened by the receipt of the form, had begun some 
changes. He then drew a picture of an assistant studying 
the report, making recommendations to his chief and the 
latter bringing the recommendations before the Committee. 
Mr. H. W. PouLter (Walthamstow) said the working of a 
time sheet depended very much on the planning of the 
building. If there were several departments on different 
floors the supervision was difficult. Mr. G. V. Haywarp 
(Watford) moved the deletion of Appendix II. from the 
proposed reprint of the report in view of the danger of 
Library Committees adopting the low scale as a basis of 
payment of salaries. Mr. H. W. Poulter seconded, but after 
the discussion by Messrs. Thorne, Hawkins, Peters and 
Purnell, the motion was lost. The Special Report was then 
adopted unanimously. 

The Honorary Secretary next announced the result of 
the Ballot for Council as follows :— 
President : 
W. C. Berwick Sayers, Croydon. 
Vice-President : 
Joseph Walton, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Honorary Treasurer : 
W. Geo. Chambers, Plumstead, Woolwich. 
Honorary Secretary : 
Henry T. Coutts, North Islington. 
Fellows : 
William A. Peplow, Wood Green. 
Hugh Smith, Bishopsgate Institute. 

London Representatives : Non-London Representatives : 
J. D. Stewart, Islington wee ©=143 G. W. Strother, Leeds ee. 125 
W. B. Thorne, Poplar oo. 190 H. R. Purnell, Croydon oe 118 
J. D. Young, Greenwich << W. E. Owen, Coventry we Lie 
Miss O. t. Clarke, Islington... 122 H.W Checketts, Birmingham 
W. G. Hawkins, Fulham vo. oe University... coe «1008 
G. R. Bolton, Stoke ini R. Wright, ‘Sunderland. ne Se 
—_ - ‘ « 2 1 SS ‘oulson, Belfast on ae 
J. ? Hogg, Ba stters ca. --- 103° | W. Morgan, Cardiff... .. 84 
R. F.! 3ullen, Poplar ... --» 98 | J. Ross, Liverpool .. ~~ - 
H. R. Peters, Lewisham... = 95 |_-s 0. C. Handby, Bra udford oe 
R. Cooper, Battersea ... eek 93 H. G. Sureties, Hornsey “ee 74 
Not Elected : 
Miss H. A. Funnell, Hampstead 83 W. Law, Brighton on i a 
O. J. Sutton, Manchester... 71 
W. Wilson, Gateshead as 69 
H. W. Poulter, Walthamstow 55 
C. F. Tessier, Walthamstow 50 

Chas. Blackmore ) 
G. V. R. Hayward een 
O. W. Stone f Scrutineers 
W. H. Sunley | 


THE PresIDENT having declared the Officers and 
Council duly elected, Mr. C. H. Peacu (Gray’s Inn) moved, 
and Mr. B. E. Sumner (Hampstead) seconded, a vote of 
thanks to the retiring Officers and Council,which was carried. 
The President’s reply on their behalf concluded the meeting 
at 10.15 p.m. 


A meeting was held at Northampton on Thursday, April 6th. The 
visitors were met at the Castle Station shortly after two, and were taken 
to inspect Queen Eleanor’s Cross, the history of which was explained by Mr. 
George. They proceeded to the Town Hall, where, in the Council Chamber, 
the Association were the honoured guests of the Mayor and Mayoress (Mr. 
and Mrs. S. Yarde), to tea. 

Those present besides the Mayor and Mayoress included Alderman John 
Brown, Mr. T. J. George (Librarian), Mr. Reginald Brown (Sub-Librarian), 
Mr. W. E. Owen, of Coventry (Hon. Secretary of the Association), and 
members from Birmingham, Kettering, Northampton, Rushden, and other 

Mr. T. J. George, in proposing thanks to the Mayor, said that was the 
first time any Library Association had visited Northampton, and it was his 
desire to make the occasion a memorable one. The Mayor, in responding, 
said he was happy to extend to them a welcome to Northampton. He was 
very proud of the Library and its staff. They would agree that the 
building was one of the best in the Midlands. It was true they wanted more 
books, but they had to ‘cut their clothes according to their cloth.’’ 
He wished to say a word as to the books which ought to be thrown out 
of Libraries. Those suggestive books, which were only written for people 
of depraved taste, deserved to be publicly burned. That kind of book ought 
never to be provided by public authorities ; if people were anxious for them 
they should buy them for themselves. Another point was the letting out of 
books to people who returned them in a filthy condition. He had seen 
plenty of books in Northampton which were not fit to go into a decent house. 
They were read by people while dressing their hair, and were found to be 
full of hair and hairpins; and at meal times. More assistance should be 
provided in the Library so that the books could be inspected when returned, 
and the people who dirtied them be made to pay for new ones. In concluding, 
Mr. Yarde trusted that the Library Assistants’ Association would visit 
Northampton again in the future. 

At six o'clock the members adjourned to the New Library, Abington 
Street, which was thoroughly inspected. A meeting of the Association 
followed, Mr. H. Grindle, of Birmingham, presiding. Mr. Hunt, Mr. Owen, 
and the Chairman aptly voiced the thanks of the visitors to Mr. George for 
the most excellent and kind arrangements he had made for their visit. 

Mr. George then gave a talk on ‘‘The History and Inception of the 
Library Movement in Northampton.’’ At the outset the speaker said the 
Library Act was adopted in Northampton in 1860, but the rate only brought 
in £200, which was insufficient, and a start was not actually made until 1865. 
The Museum was then adopted, and the first Museum was opened in 1865, 
and held in the upper and lower assembly-rooms of the building, formerly 
the old Gaol in Guildhall Road. The penny rate was then used for this as 
well as the Library. The Museum and Library were at once a great 
success, and in 1867 Mr. Taylor was appointed keeper at £75 a year. In 
1876, said Mr. George, the lower Museum was given up for a Reading Room, 
but it was found to be too small, and the Council were compelled to make 
structural alterations. It was in 1882 that he took over the position of 


Curator and Librarian. The Library was then so badly arranged that in 
giving out 60 books on Theology the assistants had to walk three miles. In 
1882 they lent 46,000 books, and in 1906 230,000, while he expected during 
the present year the number would not fall short of 270,000. Mr. Owen, 
in thanking Mr. George for his address, said the history of Libraries all over 
the country, and particularly of Northampton Library, was very interesting, 
but it was a great shame that they should have to exist on a penny rate. 

Mr. Reginald Brown followed with a paper on ‘‘ How to Enhance the 
Usefulness of Public Libraries.’’ The first necessity, he said, was to get a 
good collection of books and to study the requirements of a particular town, 
and obtain everything useful upon that subject. Books should be in the 
Libraries which led up to the more technical volumes, and be in the order 
required by the student. Fiction, he said, might be educational as well as 
recreative, but how many people read fiction as a study? Mr. Brown 
spoke of the difficulty of selecting the right books, and said he would like to 
see an advisory committee formed to assist the librarian in his task. Many 
other useful suggestions were advanced by Mr. Brown. Miss Parnell next 
spoke on the subject of scholars and the facilities they had for book study. 
Each speaker was cordially thanked at the close. 


The usual bi-monthly meeting of the Yorkshire Branch was held in the 
Art Gallery, Huddersfield, on May 11th, by the kind invitation of the 
Huddersfield Library Committee. The President of the Branch, Mr. J. C. 
Handby, occupied the chair. The social feature of the proceedings was the 
hospitality of His Worship the Mayor of Huddersfield (Councillor Thomson, 
Chairman of the Library Committee), who entertained the members to tea. 
Councillor Thomson extended a similar welcome on the occasion of a former 
visit, and members have reason to be very grateful for his keen interest in 
the Library Movement, and in the welfare of the assistant librarian 

The meeting was divided into afternoon and evening sessions, the after- 
noon being occupied by a paper from Mr. Norman Treliving (Leeds) entitled, 
‘The Staff and the Reader: Some Suggestions.’’ He said he 
believed the object of the library was to provide a liberal education 
for the people. There were three factors in a library: the readers, the 
stock, and the staff, and he was almost induced to add the greatest of 
those was the staff. The reader was often ignorant of the contents of the 
library, and his ideas of what he wanted were often ill-defined, and he was 
at a loss as to how to satisfy himself. Even in fiction a reader often failed 
to obtain what he wanted, and in other classes of books that occurred more 
frequently. The staff should bridge the gulf between the stock and the 
readers. The staff should be the readers’ aid. That might appear to be an 
obvious sort of statement, but, when one considered the lack of interest 
which some assistants put into their work, and how they handed out books 
as though the books were metal polish, they would admit there was a good 
ground for making it. To be of aid to the reader, the staff should know 
what the books in the library were like. He did not mean that the assistant 
should aim at having a knowledge of every book ; that would be impossible. 
It was possible, however, for the assistant to acquire an amount of know- 
ledge which, without being exhaustive, would be of considerable practical 
value. Books of the non-fiction class generally possessed decided character- 
istics which, with a little trouble and attention, the assistant would be able 
to recognise without having read the book through. With that knowledge 
they would know what to offer a reader. A little knowledge, far trom being 
a danger to an assistant, was of great value. Within a few years a mass of 
information could be obtained which would be of great practical use. A 
little knowledge of ten different branches of learning was of more use than a 
deep knowledge of one subject. The staff should have patience and courtesy. 


It should be friendly with the readers, but not too friendly. While they 
were public servants they were not public slaves, and offenders would have 
to have that brought home to them. 

Mr. Proctor commenced the discussion and recommended 
assistants to take the subject of the paper seriously to heart. He thought 
that if assistants would make of their library’s catalogue a kind of text-book, 
if they would go through it intelligently noting the various subject-headings 
and their scope, they would be able to relieve heads of departments of much 
unnecessary interruption, and be able to guide the reader by immediate 
personal knowledge. Incidentally by gaining a knowledge of books they 
would also be fitting themselves for future work as chiefs. Mr. HAWKES 
said that following on the lines of Mr. Treliving’s paper, a small library could 
be made to do a handsome work. He pointed out that the smaller the 
library, proportionally larger was the section generally labelled ‘* Miscellan- 
eous,’’ and here a mass of ‘‘ wanted’ information was hidden away. He 
strongly urged assistants to get a thorough knowledge of this section of their 
library; if they did that, few would be the people who went their way 
unsatisfied. Unfortunately, the open-access system and classified libraries 
were not gaining ground so fast as it might have been hoped, for under this 
system, the assistant, by coming into closer touch with the books, 
generally gained a better knowledge of the resources at his disposal. Mr. 
STROTHER said that the public had yet to learn that assistants were there 
for any other purpose than to ‘ give out books.’’ It rested with the 
assistant to dispel this idea, and by making themselves intimate with the 
books, and seizing all opportunities of rendering an account of their know- 
ledge to the borrower, they would go a long way towards it. Mr. JARRETT 
generally supported what had been said, especially with regard to open- 
access, as experience had forced it upon him that the assistant in such a 
library took a more lively interest in his work, whilst the indicator 
assistant tended to exhibit somewhat the mechanical attributes of the 
instrument under his charge Mr HANppy agreed that the public took first 
place in the library. No matter what duties a chief librarian gave an 
assistant they should come second to helping the borrower. As to 
acquaintances, it was a very bad plan for assistants to make friends over the 
counter. If they did so, they perhaps allowed some little privileges, which, 
if they did, would tend to grow until a blank refusal created an enemy for 
the assistant instead of a friend 

At the evening meeting, Mr. ArrHuR J. HAWKEs delivered a lecture on 
the application of Dewey to open-access libraries, with ‘‘ Some suggestions 
towards a Constructive Revision of the Dewey Classification.’ Mr. 
Hawkes confined himself to the sections 800 and 900 as exhibiting the most 
pressing need of reform. By the aid of a blackboard, he showed how the 
usual lending library sections of ‘* Literature’’ (7.e., the literature of 
Literature), Poetry, Fiction, Essays, etc., would be set up as independent 
sections, yet the beauty of the Dewey notation be preserved. In regard to 
History and Travel, Mr. Hawkes was for ‘‘ One country, one place,’ and 
suggested arriving at the desired classification by the introduction of a 
double notation. The scheme aroused considerable interest, a number of 
flattering observations being passed upon it by members present; Mr. 
Hawkes hopes to prepare the whole scheme for publication shortly. After a 
series of questions and a brief discussion, a very successful meeting was 
brought to a close with the usual votes of thanks. 

The connexion between these two subjects is, as far as 
this notice is concerned, accidental. And yet there is a 

*GIBSON, STRICKLAND. Oxford Libraries. Jn Book-Auction Records, Vol. 
8, Pt. 1 pp. i-xix. Karslake and Co., Hampstead. 




connexion—and generally a distressing one—between the 
two, for what old library is there, no matter how small, that 
does not contain a sufficient number of rare books to make 
its Librarian long for more? Time after time he is out- 
bidden by wealthy buyers of books, and as he scans the 
pages of “ Book-Auction Records,” he sighs for the days 
when he might have bought his desirable /acunae at prices 
within his means. This useful work has now reached its 
eighth volume, the first part of which contains an article by 
Mr. Strickland Gibson on Oxford Libraries. This is the 
accidental connexion between book prices and old libraries. 
The earlier volumes contain portraits and other plates, 
which serve to break the monotony of page after page of 
book entries, while volume 7, in addition, contains articles 
on the libraries of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Lincolnshire, etc. 
Another feature of the work is the inclusion of a list of 
second-hand booksellers’ catalogues, which cannot fail to be 
of service to librarians, especially as it enumerates the main 
features of each. The treatment strikes one as being some- 
what unequal, too much space being allotted tosome second- 
rate catalogues at the expense of better ones. These, how- 
ever, are matters of secondary importance. The object of 
the work is to give the record of all the prices which books 
sold at auction have realised during the yzar. In this it 
differs from “ Book Prices Current,’ which only records 
amounts of £1 and upwards. The librarian is often at a 
loss to estimate the value of the more ordinary books, and 
here he will get much assistance. At the same time he 
must take care, for many are the causes which may have 
affected the price of any particular book. For instance, a 
reader has borrowed the 21 volumes (if that be allowed) of 
La Harpe’s “ Hist des Voyages.” He loses them (if that be 
possible) and the librarian wishes to charge him for the 
same. He turns the work up in Book-Auction Records and 
finds that a copy was sold for 2s.! He will probably find 
it difticult to pick up a copy at that price and had better 
multiply the amount considerably in his charge for replace- 

Mr. Karslake could not have chosen a better man to 
write a brief account of Oxford libraries. With his affec- 
tions deeply rooted in the walls of Bodley’s Library, Mr. 
Gibson’s description could not be other than enthusiastic, 
while his extensive knowledge of all its traditions makes him 
an unfailing guide. The story of the vicissitudes of the 
University Library is an interesting one, and not least 
during the centuries that preceded the munificent gifts of 


Sir Thomas Bodley. Librarians of newer libraries pining 
for greater things can take courage from the story of the 
beginning of a great institution, while assistant librarians, 
groaning on account of the smallness of their salaries, may 
take what comfort they can from the fact that in 1412 the 
University librarian received £5 a year, for which, in 
addition to his library duties, he had to say masses for the 
souls of benefactors. If modern readers were made to take 
the oath which was required in the 15th century, they 
might perhaps treat the books in a more worthy manner. 
“You shall swear . . . to treat ina reasonable and quiet 
manner, all the books . . . and to injure no book maliciously 
by erasing, or by detaching sections and leaves.” If Mr. 
Gibson had also given the curse which is inscribed in some 
old MSS. against any who should steal the book, the 
dishonest reader might even be frightened into straight ways. 
Sir Thomas Bodley would have made a fine librarian, and 
his interest in, and care for the smallest details in the fit- 
ting up and organisation of the library which was to be 
called after his own name is extraordinary. 

The college libraries also have much interest for librar- 
ians, and the photograph alone of Merton College Library— 
the oldest existing library in England—is enough to make 
one journey to Oxford to see the original. Mr. Gibson, in the 
short space at his command, has provided much to entertain 
and instruct, and if librarians do not wish to buy the back 
volumes of this useful “ tool,’ they cannot do better than 
begin with volume 8. The article concludes with a most 
valuable bibliography of the subject. 

C.d. P. 

THE Home University Lisrary. Volumes 1-10. Williams 
and Norgate. One Shilling net each. 

There is ample room for such a series as is being produced by the 
enterprise of Messrs. Williams and Norgate. In the present state of 
knowledge it is often difficult to know how to begin the study of any 
particular subject, on account of the vast amount of literature that has 
grown up around almost every topic. The aim in each of these handy 
volumes is to present the broad outlines of knowledge in its various depart- 
ments in order to provide the necessary starting point. They are intended 
to be not so much comprehensive as suggestive and stimulating. The ten 
volumes before us, the first of a hundred or more that are projected, show, 
by the diversity of the subjects dealt with, and the treatment of each, how 
valuable will be the set when completed. It is not claiming too much to 
say that the series is providing a long felt want. Under the editorship of 
Herbert Fisher, the historian, and Professors Gilbert Murray and J. Arthur 
Thomson, the books so worthily introduced will be likely to justify the name 
given to the series. To librarians, whose knowledge is supposed to be 


encyclopaedic they will be a most useful asset, and their value is increased 
by the provision of annotated, and in some cases classified bibliographies. 

To library assistants the volumes dealing with English Literature will 
be most valuable, as aids in preparing for the Library Association examina- 
tion. The first volume under this head is John Masefield’s ‘* William 
Shakespeare,’’ which contains introductory chapters on the life of Shakes- 
peare and the theatre of his day, followed by a treatment of the plays. 
This takes the form in each case of an outline of the plot and a critical note 
on the source, structure, etc. If the work has suffered from the author’s 
attempt to do too much in the space at his disposal, and thus curtailed the 
critical portion, it will none the less provide a suggestive basis for the study 
of Shakespeare. It is impossible in the space at our disposal to do more 
than mention the separate works that make up this series. One of the best 
is M. I. Newbiggin’s ‘‘ Modern Geography.’’ In connection with it may be 
mentioned W. S. Bruce’s ‘*‘ Polar Exploration,’’ which is largely based on 
the author’s personal experience. Hilaire Belloc’s ‘‘ The French Kevolu- 
tion’’ might have been made more interesting, but is a valuable introduction 
to the subject. ‘*‘A Short History of War and Peace’’ has long been a 
desideratum, and is here ably done by G. H. Perris. Other works are 
Mrs. J. R. Green’s “ Irish Nationality’’; Sir C. P. Ilbert’s ‘‘ Parliament "’ ; 
J. R. Macdonald's ‘‘ The Socialist Movement ’’; and F. W. Hirst’s ‘‘ The 
Stock Exchange.’’ In the department of science D. H. Scott’s ‘' The 
Evolution of Plants”? is the first published. 

These are the first ten volumes, and already ten others have been 
published, including works on Liberalism; Health and Disease; Mathe- 
mathics ; Evolution ; Mediaeval Europe, etc. A further ten are promised for 
the autumn publishing season, including one on Modern English Literature, 
which will be invaluable to L. A. students. 



ENGLISH CATALOGUE OF Books, 1910. 327 pp. 6% X 10-in. 
1911. Sampson Low. 6s. net. 

Once again we are indebted to Messrs. Sampson Low for their prompt 
publication of this invaluable annual. No doubt many librarians heave a 
sigh of relief each March as they receive their ‘‘ English Catalogue,’’ and 
feel thankful that, for a time at least, they will not be under the necessity of 
submitting to the bookseller’s frequent reply of ‘‘Cannot trace.’ The 
number of books recorded as published during 1910 is 10,804, an increase of 
79 as compared with the figures for 1909. The year’s output includes 8,468 
New Books and 2,336 New Editions. The largest class increase on the 
previous year's figures is in Poetry and Drama—115 volumes. Another 
increase is in the class of Voyages and Travels, 71 volumes. Wonderful to 
relate, there were 48 volumes less of Fiction published last year than in 1909. 
Other classes showing decreases were History and Biography, 53; Year 
30oks, etc., 29 ; Belles Lettres, 32; and Miscellaneous (pamphlets, etc.), 190. 
The analytical table of statistics is given in the usual form. Commencing 
with 1911, however, the statistics of book production will be tabulated 
according to a scheme adopted by the International Conference of 
Librarians at Brussels in August, 1910. 


The name of Mr. G. F. Vale, of Stepney, was inadvertently omitted from 
the list of members published last month, and that of Miss A. C. M. 
Richmond, a member, was erroneously included in the list of associates. 



To the Editor of ** The Library Assistant.’ 
Dear Sir, 

In view of your note, in the April issue of The Libravy Assitant, upon the 
prospective reprint in facsimile of the Mazarin Bible by M. H. Welter, of 
Paris, the following notice from The Times of Monday, 17 April, 1911, may 
prove interesting :— 

‘*Facsimiles of the Mazarin Bible.—On October 14, 1910, it was 
announced in The Times that two rival editions of the famous Mazarin Bible 
were projected,one by M.H.Welter, the Paris bookseller,and the other by the 
Insel-Verlag, Leipzig. The rivalry was exceedingly unfortunate, and had it 
been carried to the bitter end probably both schemes would have been 
financial failures. A correspondent now writes pointing out that, from a 
notice in the Borsenblatt, and in consequence of the intermediary of Herr 
Nauhardt, an arrangement has been concluded between the rival firms. 
M. Welter has abandoned his intention of publishing a facsimile of the 
42-line Gutenberg or Mazarin Bible, and has transferred the subscriptions 
already obtained by him to the Insel-Verlag, which will carry out the work 
as already planned. M. Welter, in announcing to his subscribers the above 
arrangement, points out that the Insel-Verlag have agreed not to interfere 
with a proposal he has in view to publish the so called 36-line Bible of 
Gutenberg. He is, however, not to issue this second work earlier than one 
year after the completion of the German facsimile, nor is any public 
announcement of the same to be made until six months after that date 
M. Welter also states that he has the intention of publishing, in conjunction 
with a German firm, a facsimile of the Psalterium Latinum of 1457."’ 

There are good facsimile pages both of the Gutenberg Bible and Fust 
and Schoeffer’s Psalter of 1457 in Humphrey’s History of the Art of Printing, a 
work worthy of perusal by all students of the early history of printing, and 
especially interesting on account of its numerous (100) photo-lithographic 

Literary and Scientific institution, Yours, etc., 
Saffron Walden, Tuomas Wo. Huck. 


ARUNDEL, Miss E. D., has been appointed Librarian of the L.C.C. 
Education Office Library. 

Barry, Mr. James, Senior Assistant, Capel Street Library, Dublin, has 
been appointed Librarian of the Brunswick Street Library. 

Dyson, Mr. A. W., Assistant, Bromley House Library, Nottingham, has 
been appointed Librarian of the People’s Hall Library, Nottingham. 

Gapbney, Miss MARGARET S., has been appointed assistant in the Leeds 
University Library. e 

Roy, Mr. Joun., Librarian of the Bridgetown District Library, Glasgow, 
formerly Senior Assistant in the Belfast Public Library, has been appointed 
Librarian of the Rathmines and Rathgar Public Library, Co. Dublin. 

*STEPHEN, Mr. GeorGe A., City Librarian of Norwich, lately Chief 
Assistant in the St. Pancras Public Libraries, has been awarded a Silver 
Medal by the Council of the Royal Society of Arts for the illustrated paper 
on ** Modern Machine Bookbinding,"’ which he read before the Society in 
February last. The presentation of the medal will take place at the opening 
meeting of the session in November next. 

*Member, L.A.A. 

minty oie