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Professor also advocates greater course loads 

Julio Tresierra fights ‘biopiracy’ 


& open season on the indigenous 
peoples of Latin America, accord- 
ing to Sociology and Anthropology 
Professor Julio Tresierra. 

Tresierra, who spends two to 
three months a year in Central and 
South America, helps people com- 
bat the effects of globalized trade on 
their cultures and the looting of 
their traditional knowledge by 

“There is an economic frontier 
being opened that of the 
exploitation of biodiversity,” he said. 
On this frontier, “bio-prospectors” 
seek commercial applications for the 
traditional knowledge of native pop- 
ulations, and for the plants and min- 
erals found on their territory. 

This, Tresierra warned, carries 
with it the “omnipresent danger of 
biopiracy; that is, the stealing of bio- 


Dealing with the Cuts: Budget 
Measures for 1995-96 

by the Office 
of the Rector 


Professor Barbara Lewis 
her vision of the future 
exotic work called Hai 

Busy image: 

Photographer Judith Céza: 
in charge of the Imag 
computer-minded stud 

Infobah ol 

logical elements and the taking away 
of traditional knowledge for com- 
mercial purposes without the know- 
ledge, consent or compensation of 
the people involved.” 

He pointed to the case of the 
Gnobe people of Panama. Two 
American doctors working in the 
area discovered that the Gnobe are 
immune to a virus resembling HIV. 
They took blood samples from the 
local people and later tried to patent 
a cell line. If the patent had been 
granted, the genetic makeup of a 
Gnobe individual would have 
become a marketable commodity. 

“This is one isolated case that we 
know about, but we don’t know 
what is going on with so many other 
cases,” Tresierra said. 

Multinational companies, espe- 
cially in the textile, food and phar- 
maceutical industries, are exploring 
biodiverse parts of the world in 

search of resources and knowledge. 
And with intellectual property rights 
now protected by the World Trade 
Organization, knowledge they take 
away from the rain forests becomes 
their property, protected by interna- 
tional law. 

Because many indigenous peoples 
have no contact with the global trad- 
ing system, they're vulnerable to this 
kind of exploitation. And when they 
do integrate, not only is their culture 
at risk, they're also at the bottom of 
the economic food chain. 

“These people — hunters and 
gatherers, horticulturists or small 
peasants — will be absorbed into the 
market economy at the lowest possi- 
ble position, with no possibilities to 
truly compete with other compo- 
nents of the market economy,” Tre- 
sierra said. 

“Their traditional economic struc- 
ture will be shattered by these more 

advanced emissaries of the market 
economy, and they will have no way 
of defending themselves with the 
kinds of economic structures that 
they have.” 

Part of Tresierra’s involvement 

_ includes working with the indige- 

nous and black populations of 
Colombia as an advisor on land 
rights, writing the Bolivian govern- 
ment’s developmental plan for native 
peoples, and producing reports on 
biodiversity, intellectual property and 
territorial rights for indigenous peo- 
ple’s organizations. 

Closer to home, Tresierra finds 
himself mounting a different kind of 

In an attempt to bridge the gap 
between teaching and research, he 
volunteered to teach a graduate-level 
Political Science course this semester. 

Tresierra believes the focus on 

See Tresierra, p. 7 


Professor develops sound-and-image computer programme 

Greek god lives in MITE-AVISTA lab 


esign Art Professor Don Ritter 

has brought the lyre-playing 
Greek god of music back to life in 
multimedia software. 

Orpheus is an interactive video 
and music software program that 
allows real-time synchronization of 
sound and images. The program “lis- 
tens” to live-music input, and con- 
trols images previously loaded into 
the computer. This allows the 
images to be played according to vol- 
ume, pitch, rhythm, note duration 
and tempo. 

“If you watch my mouth, you'll 
notice that my lips are moving,” Rit- 
ter said, by way of analogy. “You 
know the sound is coming out at 
exactly the same time.” In the same 
way, the way the image looks on the 
screen depends on the sound being 
played live. 

Orpheus does his stuff live, in per- 
formance. Visual media, such as 
painting, sculpture and photography 
don’t make people sing, laugh and 
clap the way music does, which 
makes it unusual for a visual artist. 
“Most visual media are not perfor- 
mance media. What I’m trying to do 
is to create something that’s alive.” 

Orpheus is also non-linear, unlike 
video or film. Images can be played 

by the computer in any order, 
according to the sound produced at 
that moment by the musical source. 

The idea for the software came 
up about eight years ago, while 
Ritter was doing a Master’s of Sci- 
ence in Visual Studies at the Cen- 
ter for Advanced Visual Studies at 
the Massachusetts Institute of 

He was paired with George 
Lewis, a jazz musician who wanted 
to control video images with his 
trombone-playing. Ritter created the 

program in eight weeks. 

In 1988 Ritter and Lewis per- 
formed Nose Against Glass at the 
MIT Video Lab, in which Lewis’s 
trombone controlled a video 
sequence of hands coming out of 
Ritter’s head. 

After fervent praise for the inven- 
tion and reviews describing the per- 
formance as “onanistic” and 
“Daliesque,” the project took off and 
hasn’t stopped developing. 

Ritter got a grant from the Cana- 
da Council after leaving MIT, and 

Four sites cares of Don Ritter from A Structural Theory of Emotions o 
(1882), part _ an ineecne oo using Orpheus. 

went to Toronto to expand what 
would later become Orpheus. 

In his most recent work, 4 Struc- 
tural Theory of Emotions, sampled 
vocal expressions and sounds from 
electronic drums are translated by 
Orpheus, which instantly plays video 
sequences of Ritter’s face showing 
emotions such as happiness and 
anger on a large screen. 

The target audience for Orpheus 
is “the multimedia artist who wants 
to present environments of syn- 
chronized image and sound.” 
Although Orpheus is commercially 
available through Ritter, he has lit- 
tle time to devote to selling the 
computer program. 

“Writing a piece of software and 
making it marketable is a great deal 
of work,” he said. Before releasing it 
in the marketplace, every hole in the 
software had to be plugged to ensure 
that users didn’t have any problems. 

Already, the software is being 
used by Wayne State University in 

Ritter plans to spend his upcom- 
ing sabbatical rewriting Orpheus for 
a Silicon Graphics computer system. 

To use Orpheus, you need an 
Amiga computer, a MIDI (Musical 
Instrument Digital Interface) cable 
to allow the instrument to “talk” to 

See Orpheus, p. 7 

Teachers must moonlight to make ends meet, Wareham says 

Chinese experience 
educates an educator 


hen he went to China to 
teach for the first time, Eng- 
lish Professor Ronald Wareham was 
afraid he would have to be careful 
about what he said in class. The 
authorities might think that he came 
to preach counter-revolution. But 
Wareham found he could discuss 
practically anything he wanted. 
Wareham talked about his Chi- 
nese experiences recently in the lec- 
ture series “Thursdays at Lonergan,” 
sponsored by Lonergan College. A 
teacher at Concordia since 1959, he 
took time off in 1985 to teach the 
history of British and American lit- 
erature at a teachers’ college in 
Quanzhou, a medium-sized city 200 
kilometres south of Shanghai. Since 
then he has returned three times, to 
spend a total of 19 months there. 
“The main difference between 
Chinese students and students here 
is that the Chinese are so subdued. 
They have never learned to ask ques- 
tions or to challenge the teacher,” 
Wareham told his audience. He was 
only moderately successful in chang- 
ing that attitude in his class, 
although on a video of one of his 
classes on Plato, a few students, in 

careful English, did ask questions. In 

Wareham’s description, his pupils 
were not stereotypical superstars, but 
students who worked hard when 

His fear that he could only talk 
about politically neutral subjects 
proved to be nonsense. The only 
restriction he encountered was when 
he wanted to show his students a 
video of Romeo and Juliet, which had 
one nude scene. The school board 
decided it could not accept that, in 
spite of Wareham’s assurance that 
the famous lovers were married in 
that part of the play. 

Education for Chinese students is 
relatively as expensive as it is here, 
Wareham said. Students come from 
all parts of society, and some must 
work part-time. “The students are 
certainly not the elite,” Wareham 

The situation is different for 
teachers, whose salaries are very low. 
“Only one third of their time is for 
the students,” Wareham said. “The 
rest of the week the teachers are out 
in the private sector earning money. 
The students are neglected, which is 
a serious problem of the Chinese 
education system.” 

The rebellion which erupted in 
Tiananmen Square in 1989 had a 
serious impact on life in Quanzhou, 

Wareham said. He wasn’t there at 
the time, but when he came back, he 
could feel “a dip in the atmosphere.” 

One of his brightest students was 
supposed to go to graduate school, 
but the administration decided to 
hold her back because she had dis- 
graced herself by supporting the 
democratic movement. 

As the first anniversary of the stu- 
dents’ revolt drew nearer, Wareham 
noticed that the college became very 
tense. “The students were told to 
remove everything from the walls to 
avoid the dissemination of revolu- 
tionary propaganda.” 

However, he had the impression 
that most students were quite con- 
tent with the political system. “They 
complained a lot, but so do people 
here. Most Chinese seem to be still 
pretty loyal.” 

A few among the audience at this 
lecture were interested in going to 
China themselves. Wareham, who 
arranged his contacts in Quanzhou 
himself, said it was not hard at all to 
find a position there. “Even if you 
just go and apply, especially for a job 
teaching English, there are plenty of 
opportunities.” He advised people to 
go for it. 

‘I kept telling myself I was lucky 
to get paid for doing this.” # 

Theatre student Writes on the Edge 

Theatre student Csilla Pzibis- 
lawsky is one of four student writers 
who won a place in the Playwrights’ 
Workshop Montreal’s annual Write 
on the Edge event. 

Her first play, Birdsongs, will be 
fine-tuned with a dramaturge this 
week and given a public reading with 
three other plays at the Strathearn 

Pzibislawsky just moved here from 
Winnipeg, where she grew up. Her 
theatrical credentials are already 
impressive. On a backpacking vaca- 
tion, she took part in the famous 
Edinburgh Fringe Festival, where 

she met a fellow actor, a woman who 

“moved exquisitely.” The woman 
had been a student at the Jacques 
Lecogq theatre school in Paris, so 
Pzibislawsky enrolled there. 

When she returned to Winnipeg, 
she tried to start her own theatre 
company, but it fizzled after one 

“The actors in Winnipeg are fan- 
tastic, but because the audiences are 
conservative, they're not willing to 
strike out on their own.” 

Birdsongs is about a young Hun- 
garian boy whose family has just 
immigrated to rural Manitoba. 
Shunned by his schoolmates, he 
seeks refuge in the woods, where he 

befriends a blind girl his own age 
with a talent for communicating 
with the birds. 

Pzibislawsky wrote Birdsongs in 
Professor Kit Brennan’s playwright- 
ing course last semester. Brennan 
herself just won the National Play- 
wrighting Competition for Tiger’s 
Heart, which recently premiered in 

Write for the Edge takes place at the 
Strathearn Centre, 3680 Jeanne 
Mance, tonight and tomorrow, starting 
at 8 p.m. Birdsongs will be presented 
on Friday. @ 

Educators denounce 
federal cuts 

The federal budget tabled recently 
projects a decrease of $7 billion in cash 
transfers to the provinces for social 
programs, which include post-sec- 
ondary education. Further reductions 
will be made of $2.5 billion in 1996 and 
$2 billion in 1997 — a 39-per-cent 
reduction within the next three years. 

In addition, cuts will be made to the 
major federal granting agencies. The 
Social Sciences and Humanities 
Research Council and the Natural Sci- 
ences and Engineering Research Coun- 

2 Marcu 9, 1995 | 

In BRIEF... 

cil will each be cut by 14 per cent, while 
the Medical Research Council will be 
cut by 10 per cent. 

Reaction has followed swiftly. 

A paper issued by the Association of 
Universities and Colleges of Canada 
notes that while this move will likely 
result in increased tuition fees, the bud- 
get makes no reference to the possibili- 
ty of increased student assistance, and 
Human Resources Development Cana- 
da, the federal source of much of that 
funding, will also be pared down by 35 
per cent over the next three years. 

Similarly, the AUCC says, new 
arrangements governing provincial 

transfers may jeopardize the health of 
the infrastructure of the federal 
research granting councils. The three 
main granting agencies face cuts of 
nearly $108 million. 

Elaine Nardocchio, president of the 
Canadian Federation for the Humani- 
ties, denounced the cut to SSHRC in the 
strongest terms. 

“Only those with a poor understand- 
ing of the nature of humanities educa- 
tion and research will see this move as 
deficit-fighting, she said. “The reality is 
that we are running up a massive edu- 
cational deficit.” 

- BB 



Off the Cuff ts a column of opinion and insight into major issues in 
the news. If you are a Concordia faculty or staff member and have 
something to say “off the cuff,” call CTR at 848-4882. 

Universities must educate for a new, 
leaner world: Jalilvand 

Professor Abolhassan Jalilvand, chair of 
the Department of Finance, was 
Concordia’s designated hitter on last 
week's federal budget, and did a number 
of analyses for local media. We asked for 
his reaction. 

Were there any surprises? 

First, the magnitude of the cuts in the civil 
service itself. Second, the ratio of spend- 
ing cuts to tax increases. Over the next 
three years, for every dollar in increased 
taxes, they are cutting $7 in spending. 
That's a ratio of 7 to 1; normally, one 
could expect a ratio of 5 to 1 in a tough 
budget. Third, the selectivity of the cuts. 
This was not an across-the-board reduc- 
tion. It shows that they thought about it. 

Do you think the budget is a good one? 

My reaction is one of guarded optimism. You can see the positive reac- 
tion of the business community, with the dollar trading higher and inter- 
est rates poised to come down. 

Finance Minister Paul Martin's assumptions about productivity growth 
were conservative; some experts are saying that we can do even better 
in terms of gross national product and interest rates. But this way, if we 
do do better, it will be a bonus. 

How will the budget affect Québec universities, especially 

Well, my guess is that Québec will get about $400 million less in transfer 
payments starting in 1996-97, and we'll have to see how the province 
decides to distribute the cuts. It would be difficult to favour universities 
over hospitals, for example. In any case, we will have to manage this 
budgetary compression in an innovative way so as to promote growth. 

Is the end of the budget-tightening in sight? 

Not at all. Keep in mind that even if Martin succeeds in his objectives 
with this budget, by the end of 1996-97, the national debt will have 
grown from $550 billion to $650 billion. We're paying about $40 million a 
year just in interest payments. If we didn’t have that interest to pay, this 
would be a surplus budget. Because of the debt, it’s still a deficit. 

Any last thoughts? 

One thing disappoints me. The budget talks about the need for smaller 
government and leaner organizations generally, but it doesn’t tell people 
how to live that way, or provide any specific funds for that kind of training. 

The primary function of universities will be to train people to be more 
productive, to streamline organizations and promote quality, to do more 
with less. This more competitive world is not a temporary condition, it's 
a new reality. 

Spring Convocation Medals and Awards 

April 13 is the deadline to nominate graduating students for 
the Concordia Medal, the Malone Medal and the O’Brien 

Medal, and to nominate any member of the University com- 
munity for the First Graduating Class Award. 
Nomination forms and lists of the criteria are available from 
the Dean of Students Offices (SGW: H-653, LOY: AD-121) and 
Student Services Centres (SGW:LB-185; LOY-AD-211). 


Creative collaboration premieres Sunday afternoon 

Hara’s Quest: 
A musical, ecological, 
spiritual journey 


Sine on a Florida beach last 
summer, gazing at the ocean, 
singer-composer Barbara Lewis was 
inspired by the bond between her 
fellow humans and some dolphins 
swimming close to shore. 

“I was mystified by the connection 
people have with dolphins,” the 
Music professor recalled. “I’m 
strongly attracted to what goes on in 
the ocean. It’s the final frontier. I 
thought of a show dealing with the 
human attraction to the ocean.” 

Lewis will share her inspiration in 
a free concert at the Concordia Con- 
cert Hall at 3:30 this Sunday after- 
noon. Hara’s Quest is a production 
combining the spoken word, song 
and instrumentation, and lasting just 
under an hour. 

It is set in San Francisco in 2023. 
In the face of escalating violence and 
natural disasters, a young woman 
named Hara feels disconnected from 
her surroundings. With other lost, 
yearning souls, she sets sail for Fires 
of the Souls Island, listens to the life 
stories of several companions, and 
follows her dream to Indonesia. 

“Metaphorically, the show is about 
inner discovery, how we realize we're 

vis (right) rehearses with musicians (left to right) Alan Brown, 

constantly learning and growing, and 
how Hara feels she is on a journey 
home,” Lewis said. “It also expresses 
a strong need I have to reconnect 
with nature.” 

Hara’s Quest is a work in progress, 
the collaboration of a dozen 
Concordia faculty, students and 
alumni. It began as a partnership 
between Lewis, who is in her fifth 
year teaching voice here, and sound 
technician Mark Corwin, who 
teaches electroacoustics and sound 

Since the fall, the group has grown 
to include guitarist Roddy Ellias, a 
Jazz Studies professor in Concordia’s 
Music Department, composer/ 
arranger Richard Hunt on keyboard 
and synthesizers, and Nancy Corwin 
on viola. Several current and former 
students provide backup vocals, per- 
cussion and fiddle. 

The music-making process gave 
the students the opportunity to con- 

“It’s been a great learning experi- 
ence,” said student Danie Pullen, a 
backup vocalist. “Barbara was won- 
derful to work with. She wanted to 
know our ideas and try them out. 
The whole team was wonderful. The 
music is different and very beautiful. 

Some songs go right through you.” 

Other students or alumni in the 
production are Beth Katz, Alan 
Brown, Danny Mulowney, Marie- 
Soleil Bélanger and Suzanne Ungar. 
It is directed by Lewis’s husband, 
writer and alumnus Nicholas 

Lewis described the music as exot- 
ic, with influences from Asia, the 
South Pacific, the New Age genre 
and an unusual combination of 
instruments. “We’re aiming for 
futuristic, other-worldly sounds,” she 
said. “I like to look forward and cre- 
ate music that doesn’t follow rules.” 

The words are well matched to the 
music. “The lyrics have a lot of ideas 
and texture. My desire is to use the 
music and our talents to say things 
about the world and our future.” 

In addition to writing Hara’s Quest 
as a book of prose, she said she’s 
excited about producing a CD- 
ROM of Hara’s Quest. 

“Having everything relating to 
Hara’s Quest in one place will allow 
people to see the journey taking 
place. You can hear the music and go 
in another direction, to see what the 
world was like where the characters 
came from.” @ 

Here are more free concerts for every musical taste 

Tonight at 8 p.m., the Concordia 
Chamber Choir performs Purcell’s Dido 
and Aeneas. 

Tomorrow at 8, the Nia Quintet will 
perform modern works. 

Next Tuesday and Wednesday at 8 
o'clock, there will be electroacoustic 

On Friday, March 17 at 8 o'clock, 
Concordia composers will be featured. 
Guest artist Laura Wilcox will play John 
Winiarz’s Mosaic for solo viola — a 
world premiere. Also on the program, 
Favour, a work for viola with live elec- 
troacoustic processing by David 
Jaeger, and Sum Thirsty Sum, a work 

for trumpet, saxophone and tape by 
Mark Corwin. 

And on Saturday, March 18 at 8 
o'clock, there is a jazz concert, featur- 
ing trumpeter Charles Ellison and an all- 
star quintet. All of the concerts will be 
held at the Concordia Concert Hall. 



This column welcomes the submissions of all Concordia faculty and 
staff to promote and encourage individual and group activities in 
teaching and research, and to encourage work-related achievements. 

Lisa Mitchell (Sociology and Anthropology) gave a paper at the American 
Anthropological Association meetings in December in Atlanta, Its title 
was “Transforming Echoes: Toward a Cultural History of Ultrasound 
Fetal Imaging in Montreal.” 

Elizabeth Langley (Contemporary Dance) attends a conference of the 
World Dance Alliance Americas Centre in Mexico this month. 

L’Agora de la Danse commissioned Langley’s colleague, Sylvy Panet- 
Raymond, to give a public lecture on the international influence of Mon- 
tréal dancers and choreographers over the past decade. In May, 
Panet-Raymond will give a lecture/demonstration at the Joint Conference 
of the Society of Dance History Scholars and the Association for Dance 
in Universities and Colleges in Canada (ADUCC). 

Mario Falsetto (Cinema) recently gave a lecture at Middlebury College in 
Vermont in their visiting artists/scholars series. The title was “Style and 
Characterization in Stanley Kubrick's Barry Lyndon (1975)." He has just 
completed an anthology, Perspectives on Stanley Kubrick, to be pub- 
lished next fall by G.K. Hall. His most recent book, Stanley Kubrick: A 
Narrative and Stylistic Analysis, was published by Greenwood/Praeger 
last September. 

Radu Zmeureanu (Centre for Building Studies) has a three-page article 
describing the Centre’s excellent programs in the magazine La maitrise 
de |’énergie, published by |’Association québécoise pour la maitrise de 
I'énergie (AQME). 

An article by Klaus J. Herrmann (Political Science) titled “Must Classic 
Reform Judaism be Theistic?” was featured in the Fall 1994 /ssues, a 
quarterly published by the American Council for Judaism in Alexandria, 

Lynn Smith (Cinema) is one of four artists chosen for a U.S. public tele- 
vision series called Animated Women. Smith has won awards for her ani- 
mation aimed at children, including a Genie for Pearl’s Diner (1993), and 
has done an animated treatment of Carl Sandburg’s poem, Arithmetic. 

Lea Prevel Katsanis (Marketing) had two lead articles published in the 
Journal of Product and Brand Management, “The Ideology of Political 
Correctness and its Effect on Brand Strategy,” and “Do Unmentionable 
Products Still Exist? An Empirical Investigation.” The first-named article 
has been nominated for an Outstanding Article Award in that volume. 

Norma Klein (Sociology and Anthropology) published an article called 
“Slavery and Akan Origins?” in the Fall 1994 edition of Ethnohistory. 

Welcome to Alain Joffe, who has accepted an appointment as research 
associate without stipend in the Montréal Institute for Genocide and 
Human Rights, associated with the University. 

Jane LeBrun, Trent Newmeyer and Mary Perri (all graduate students 
in Sociology and Anthropology) wrote “Reality Bites: Challenging Prosti- 
tute Stereotypes” for Perspectives last fall. It is about their experiences 
interviewing street prostitutes in Montréal and Toronto for a research 
project conducted by Professor Fran Shaver. 

Frank Miller (Economics) had a paper, “Transfer Payments to Develop- 
ing Countries for Environmental Protection: A Viewpoint" accepted for 
publication in the International Journal of Environmental Studies. A com- 
ment on his paper, “Economic Development and the Environment: A 
Comparison of Sustainable Development with Conventional Development 
Economics,” was published in Ecological Economics (Vol. 11, 1994). 

Patrick Landsley (Painting and Drawing) was invited to give a critique of 
students’ work in the Master’s of Fine Arts in Visual Art program at Ver- 
mont College of Norwich University, in Montpellier. 

Kathleen Perry, formerly Employment Equity Co-ordinator and Advisor 
to the Rector on the Status of Women, has become Associate Dean for 
Communications and Advancement in the Faculty of Fine Arts. 

Welcome to new staff: Germaine Chau, who joins the Diploma in 
Accountancy program as assistant director. 

Marcu 9, 1995 

Student survey results show inconsistencies 

University gets a 
(qualified) vote 
of confidence 


large proportion of students 

have expressed satisfaction with 
Concordia, according to a survey of 
625 undergraduates. 

Asked to rate their level of satis- 
faction with services offered by the 
University, 80 per cent of the stu- 
dents, who were interviewed at ran- 
dom last spring, said they were 
generally satisfied. This response was 
topped only by students’ satisfaction 
with library facilities and average 
undergraduate class size. 

On the other end of the scale, 
fewer than half of the respondents 
were happy with the University’s 
academic advising and concern for 
individuals, and fewer than one- 
third were satisfied with financial 
aid services, medical services and 
athletic facilities. 

The survey, intended to help staff 
understand how students think about 
a variety of issues, was done at several 
Canadian universities. It was orga- 
nized here by Sup Mei Graub, 
Director of Counselling and Devel- 
opment, and Roger Cété, Director of 
the Financial Aid and Awards 
Office, who are publishing the results 
in a monthly bulletin called Focus, 
which explores different survey to- 
pics in each issue. 

Teaching a priority 

While the second volume reports 
that three-quarters of the students 
are satisfied with the quality of teach- 
ing at the University, the first volume 
indicated that 89 per cent of students 
consider an increased emphasis on 
teaching excellence a priority. 

These inconsistencies may reflect 
the method of reporting survey 
responses. Students responding to 
the survey were asked their opinions 
on a variety of topics, including qual- 
ity of teaching, academic advising, 
personal safety on campus, financial 
aid services and instructional facili- 
ties. While possible responses 
included Very Satisfied, Somewhat 
Satisfied, Somewhat Dissatisfied, 
Very Dissatisfied and Don’t Know, 

the two satisfaction ratings were 
combined to reflect a “satisfied” 
response, and the two dissatisfaction 
ratings to reflect a “dissatisfied” 

If a student is only somewhat 
satisfied with a university service, 
there could be improvement. Pro- 
jecting that opinion as an indica- 
tion of satisfaction may not 
accurately reflect the students’ 
responses to the questions asked. 

One conclusion noted in Focus is 
that the number of ‘Don’t Know 
responses goes up as the number of 
satisfaction responses decreases. Pre- 
dictably, more students answered 
‘Don’t Know’ for services that are 
experiential in nature, such as park- 
ing facilities and services for interna- 
tional or First Nations students. 

The responses were also analyzed 
separately for Arts and Science stu- 
dents. Although the mean respons- 
es for all questions did not vary 
greatly between Faculties, some 
differences in specific areas were 
apparent. While Arts students 
showed a higher level of satisfaction 
with student-sponsored social 
activities, Science students showed 
the lowest satisfaction rating in this 
area, and were more satisfied with 
academic advising. 

The Concordia Council on Stu- 
dent Life (CCSL) is conducting a 
similar review. A memo sent out to 
faculty and staff asks for comments 
or criticism about Support Services, 
Financial Aid, Health Services and 
Counselling and Development. 

Donald Boisvert, Associate Vice- 
Rector, Services (Student Life), and 
chair of the review committee, said 
this is part of the regular consulta- 
tion process, but a survey specifically 
aimed at students will be conducted 
at a later time. He said the pan- 
Canadian survey whose results are 
reflected in Focus is not specific 
enough to Concordia. 

“We are in fact culling the useful 
information from that survey for the 
review committee, but that doesn’t tell 
us how Concordia students feel about 
Concordia student services,” he said. 

Novel ideas 

The 1995 edition of the Lahey Lec- 
ture, organized every year by the 
Department of English, is scheduled 
for Tuesday, March 14, on the Loyola 

This year’s featured speaker is 
Michael McKeon, a distinguished 
scholar of 18th-century English 
literature and a professor at Rutgers 

4 MarcH 9, 1995 

McKeon, a Marxist critic, is the 
author of The Origins of the English 
Novel, which won the James Russell 
Lowell Prize when it was published in 
1987. He will re-examine and expand on 
those ideas, in a talk titled “Replacing 
Patrilineage: Thoughts on the Novel 
After its Origins.” 

The lecture starts at 8:30 p.m. in BR- 
207, 3475 West Broadway Ave. For 
more information, call 848-2340. 

- BB 

Cataclysm 65 million years ago made our evolution possible 

Dinosaurs done in by asteroid 


comet or an asteroid probably 

killed the dinosaurs, according 
to Sydney van den Bergh, principal 
research officer at the Dominion 
Astrophysical Observatory in Victo- 
ria, B.C. 

Van den Bergh told an audience 
in the Alumni Auditorium last 
Thursday that there were three mass 
extinctions in prehistory, but the 
demise of the dinosaurs is the only 
one to be explained to most scien- 
tists’ satisfaction. 

“There is a lot of controversy 
about the other extinctions, but a 
consensus has formed that.a comet 
or asteroid hit Earth 65 million 
years ago and destroyed the - 
dinosaurs, and many 
other species as well.” é 

The theory was 40-74 

7 ye 
advanced ONY 
Sen ear 
for eae 

without a “smoking gun” to confirm 
its validity. That evidence was pro- 
vided by accident by a Mexican oil 
company drilling on the tip of the 
Yucatan peninsula. They found a 
huge crater dating back 65 million 
years, probably caused by a comet 10 
kilometres long. 

While other theories — such as 
volcanoes, tidal waves and super- 
novas — were rejected because they 
could not account for the scale of the 
extinctions, the comet theory gained 
ground. Dinosaur footprints were 
the clincher; they have all been 
found to originate before the forma- 
tion of the Yucatan crater. 
~ Van den Bergh said that such an 
impact — the equivalent of 120 one- 
megaton hydrogen bombs — causes 

super-earthquakes of over 13 on the 
Richter scale, tidal waves, and 
months of darkness as a huge cloud 
of dust thrown into the atmosphere 
blocks the sun. 

According to van den Bergh, the 
knowledge of such cataclysms has 
changed views about evolution. 

“The qualities that make an organ- 
ism competitive in the Darwinian 
sense, such as the ability to adapt, do 
not necessarily make it good at surviv- 
ing mass extinctions of this type. 

The detritus-eaters survived, while 
those animals that needed fresh food 
died off. Normally, in Darwinian evo- 
lution, you would not expect scav- 
engers to be the most likely 

Our own evolution depended 
heavily on the extinction of the 

“Tf the dinosaurs hadn’t been 
wiped out, mammals wouldn’t have 
been able to develop. While the 
dinosaurs ruled, the mammals could 
only occupy very minor niches in lit- 
tle burrows. If they showed their 
faces, they got gobbled up.” Most 
mammals were “primitive, rat-like 
beings” which would never have 


Lynn Teskey 

The Department of Religion was saddened to learn of the death of 
Lynn Teskey Denton, of leukemia, at the McMaster University Medical 

Centre in Hamilton on March 1. 

Lynn taught in the Department from 1984 to 1989. She was greatly 
admired as a researcher and as a conscientious and supportive teacher. 
She taught Hinduism, Asian Religions, Women and Religion, and 
Methodologies in the Study of Religion. 

Lynn did her BA and MA at McMaster University, and her doctoral 
studies at the Institute of Social Anthropology, Oxford University. 

For her doctoral research, she lived among a group of Hindu women 

ascetics in the holy city of Benares, India. Part of this research is pub- 
lished in Role and Rituals for Hindu Women, edited by Julia Leslie (Pin- 
ter Publishers, London, 1991). 

A memorial service was held at St. Paul’s United Church in Dundas, 
Ont., on March 4. Professor Teskey is survived by her husband, Frank 
Denton, and four-year-old daughter, Emily. 

From the unreal lead me to the real 
From darkness lead me to light 
From death lead me to that beyond death. 

- Bribadaranyaka Upanishad 



been able to evolve. 

But while the cataclysm 65 million 
years ago ended up giving humans a 
push, could a similar event in the 
future do the opposite? Van den 
Bergh said that “this solar system is a 
dangerous place to be,” with tens of 
billions of comets and asteroids 
widely distributed throughout. 

“Our chances of being wiped out in 
a similar event are good because this 

kind of event happens 
about once in every 

200 million years. 

Every person has 

about a one- 

chance of getting killed in this 
way.” Van den Bergh describes 
those odds as “not negligible, 
but not something to worry 
about.” Environmental dev- 
astation is a more immedi- 
ate threat to the human race, although 
we would be helpless in the face of a 
threat from space. 

“Tf we had a hundred years to pre- 
pare, to set up nuclear rockets and a 
large surveillance system to detect 
asteroids long before they hit, it might 
be a worthwhile proposition. But it 
would be a hopeless cause now.” 

Van den Bergh expects life on earth 
to survive, given its past record of 
remarkable hardiness. 

“Life is very versatile — although 
it could have been just blind luck. 
Maybe the male and female of some 
species happened to be deep in a 
hole when the explosion occurred.” 

His lecture was organized by 
Concordia’s Science College. # 

3s THURSDAY Rex ce pee 
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: University, serving faculty, staff 
_ students, and administration on the 
Loyola Campus and the Sir George 
Williams Campus. Itis published 
: 26 times during the academic year on _ 
a weekly basis by the Public Relations 
Department of Concordia privat 
_ 1455 de Maisonneuve Blvd, W., 
Montréal, Québec H3G 1M8 
: (514) 848-4882 : 
__ E-mail: barblak@alcor.concordia, ca 
Eas: (514) 848-2814 : : 

Material published | in the newspaper 

may not be reproduced without _ 

permission. The Back Page’ listings — . 
are published free of charge. 

: Classified ads are $5 for the first 

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Design and Production | 
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#8) Concordia 

PEN Voe RES Storey. 



he University faces a 
serious financial crisis 
for 1995-96 and into 
the foreseeable future. 
Relative to the 1994-95 operating 
budget, expenditures must be 
reduced by approximately $10 M' 
for 1995-96. This represents a 
decrease of 6.25% in Concordia’s 

total admissible operating funds.” 

In the widely-distributed docu- 
ment A Financial Framework: 1994- 
1999, the required reduction in 
expenditures for 1995-96 (with 
respect to the 1994-95 budget) 
was projected to be $2.4 M. The 
changes that have caused this fig- 
ure to increase to $10 M can be 

summarized as follows: 

1. During the first half of the 
current academic year it 
became clear that one of the 
assumptions of the Financial 
Framework document was 
too optimistic. Rather than an 
increase of $1.6 M in revenue 
generated by the funding for- 
mula for net increases in our 
students, there is to be a 
reduction of about $2 M in 
both government funding and 
tuition revenues as a result of 

falling enrolments. 

2. The net $500,000 identified in 
the supplementary operating 


budget and cut from the 1994- 
95 budget on a one-time basis 
will have to be cut again in 
1995-96, because this is a per- 
manent or ongoing reduction 

to our base budget. 

3. In accordance with the Univer- 
sity’s formal agreement with 
the Québec government, the 
repayment of our accumulated 
debt must be increased by 
$500,000 each year. 

4. The University’s interest costs 
are estimated to be at least 

$300,000 higher in 1995-96. 

5. Expected net salary increases 
for 1995-96, that must be paid 
out in accordance with existing 
collective agreements, will be 
in the range of $1.5 M. 

6. The Québec government has 
recently announced a further 
cut to the entire university sec- 
tor of approximately $60 M. 
Concordia’s share is expected to 
be about 9%, just over $5 M. 

In addition, the Financial Frame- 
work document identified an 
additional $1.4 M for University 
development; essentially an 
amount to be reallocated on a 
permanent, ie., ongoing basis 

to fund agreed-upon priorities. 

If the full development fund were 
to be realized, then the cut in 

: expenditures for 1995-96, relative 
: to the 1994-95 budget and before 

: reallocation, would be $11.4 M. 
Due to the size of the required 
cut, however, it is recommended 
that rather than setting aside funds 

: to create a development pool for 

1995-96, money be allocated on 

a one-time basis to fund monetary 
incentives for areas that reduce 
expenditures. In addition to 

the $10 M cut, therefore, we 

will have to save another $1 M 

: to fund the incentives.’ 

While the required cuts in expen- 
ditures for 1995-96 are drastic, it 
must be recognized that additional 
cuts will be required in each of the 
next several years. In fact, it is 
expected that the University will 
have to reduce its base operating 
budget by at least $30 M over the 
next five years, before setting any 
funds aside for development. 
What is of particular concern is 
that if the trend of decreasing 
enrolments is not reversed quick- 
: ly, the required cuts over the fol- 

: lowing years (1996 to 2000) will 
be much larger than predicted in 
the original Financial Framework 

: document. 

The reduction in our base operat- 
ing budget and the process of 
establishing how it will be accom- 
plished will result in an institution 
that is quite different than it is 
now. The challenge is to ensure 

: that our new structure will pro- 

vide the basis for a stronger, 

: viable, progressive institution. 

Marcu 9, 4995 



n order to cope with the 
current and ongoing budget 
cuts, Concordia needs to 

develop and implement a 

combination of short and long- 
term strategies, incorporating 
: both cost-cutting measures and 

: generation of new revenues.* 

We need to continue working 

on a long-term development plan 
for the University that will help 
set institutional priorities and 
thus inform and facilitate decision- 
making with respect to budget 
cuts and increased revenues in 
future years. In addition to identi- 
fying our priorities and strengths, 
we need to begin to recognize 
those operations that should no 
longer consume our resources. 
Through the Academic Appraisal 
Process we need to find ways to 
improve the quality of our acade- 
mic programmes and services 
where it will count. Through the 
continuing organizational review 
process, administrative units will 
be examined with a view towards 
streamlining operations and fur- 

: ther reducing costs. 

The immediate challenge for 
1995-96 is to reduce expenditures 
and to increase revenues so that 
the combined effect will cover the 
$10 M shortfall. It is estimated 

: that it will be possible to generate 
$800,000 in new revenues through 
: increasing miscellaneous fees and 
parking rates. The following are 
examples of possible measures 
that could be implemented to 

: cut between 70% and 80% of the 
$10M throughout the institution. 
The figures in parentheses repre- 
sent the estimated expendi- 
ture reductions to the 

: 1995-96 budget. 

1. Offer a time-limited, targeted 
early retirement option to 
administrative and support 
staff.° There are approximately 
100 staff between the ages of 
55 and 64; half might accept an 
appropriate package. Up to 40 
positions could be closed. 

2. In addition to the above, in 
each of the next three to four 
years about 13 positions in the 
administrative sector may be 
terminated through the organi- 

zational reviews. ($500,000) 

3. Through a combination of 
incentives, reduce by 75% 
the number of post-retirement 
employees, currently com- 
prising 55 faculty and 20 staff. 
This can be accomplished over 
two years. The plan would 
involve guaranteeing replace- 
ments with junior faculty or 

staff and instituting measures 

to facilitate the transition to 

retirement. ($1,000,000) 



4. Over the next two years, in 
order to reduce part-time fac- 
ulty expenditures, increase 
‘teaching assignments by an 
average of 3 credits per full- 

_ time faculty member. 


5. Over two years, increase aver- 
age class size to 35 to further 
reduce part-time faculty costs. 

6. Over two years, eliminate the 
supplement for LTA appoint- 
ments in Faculty budgets. 

7. Over two years, phase out the 
$250,000 subsidy to Student 
Services. ($150,000) 

8. Reduce by 50% the funds left 
in departments for faculty 
salaries when faculty members 

are appointed to administrative 

positions. ($500,000) 

9. Retain GST rebate, except for 
Library, Physical Resources, 
Rentals, Computing Services 
and external research grants 
and contracts, instead of 
returning it to the depart- 
ments. ($300,000) 

10. Over two years, reduce Office 
of the Rector expenses by 
$200,000. ($100,000) 

11.Reduce the Registrar’s budget 
and eliminate, for example, the 
Vin d’honneur at Convocation 
and the practice of hiring invig- 
ilators. ($110,000) 

12.Reduce the current expenses 
for stipends, overtime and 

employees paid on timesheets. 

13.Selective hiring and replace- 
ment of staff will continue for 

14. Convert some permanent full- 
time staff positions to permanent 
part-time, offer reduced-time 
appointments, etc. 

The amount remaining to be cut 
from the 1995-96 budget will 
depend on the total expense 

: reduction we are able to achieve 
through the measures described 
above. The distribution of the 
remaining amount will depend on 
: where the above cuts are realized. 
It is difficult to predict at this 
time how the cuts will be distrib- 

uted throughout the University. 

Some adjustments will therefore 

have to be made to ensure that 
the final distribution is fair and 
equitable. Some of these adjust- 
ments may. have to be carried 

| over to 1996-97. 


Consistent with the Senate- 

i approved Academic Planning & 

Budget Process and recent debates 

throughout the University, the 

current budget process will be 

changed in recognition of the pre- 

: sent situation and in an effort to 
: give more responsibility and 

authority to individual units and 

Faculties to effectively manage 

' their own resources. Pending 
: completion of University academ- 
: ic and long-term plans, an interim 

process will be introduced for the 

1995-96 year. It is expected that 

the full process will be in place 
for the 1996-97 budget cycle. 
In the interim, the following 
measures will be introduced, 
starting in 1995-96: 

1. The budget process will be 
revised to incorporate incen- 
tives for areas that realize 
reductions in expenditures 

or increases in revenues. 

2. For academic departments 
which are able to reduce the 
number of post-retirement age 
faculty, the position(s) will be 
returned at the junior faculty 
level in a manner consistent 
with the overall Faculty 
staffing plan. 

3. The current practice of pro- 
rata distribution of funds will 
be modified. Base budgets 
will be adjusted by taking into 
account a mix of performance 
criteria and accepted priori- 

ties. In the academic sector, a 



model will be developed to 
help determine how the acade- 
mic sector’s share of the cuts 
will be distributéd across the 
sector. The model will be 
based on performance indica- 
tors that take into account both 
changes in enrolment and 
cost/revenue factors, averaged 

over a three-year period. 

All units outside the academic 
sector are participating in the cur- 
: rent cost-cutting exercise. Admin- 
istrative budgets will be adjusted 
based on the results of the organi- 
zational review process. Directors 
whose units have undergone the 
first phase of the organizational 
reviews will revisit the final rec- 
ommendations approved by the 
Office of the Rector to see if there 
are any further cuts that can be 
made. For those units that have 
not yet been reviewed, Phase II 

: will be initiated shortly. 



he consultation process 
needs to involve the 
entire University com- 

munity. In many areas 

: this has already begun. The process 
: needs to be focused and carried 
out quickly so that a provisional 
plan, proposing how approximately 

$10 M will be cut from the 1995- 

96 budget, can be submitted to the 
Board Budget Committee in April. 


: In this round of consultation, 
: comments and suggestions are 
being sought with respect to the 


1. What can your Faculty or 
unit do to help implement the 
14 cost-cutting measures 

described in this document? 

2. What specific cost-cutting 
measures can be implemented 
in your area to contribute to 
effecting the remaining cuts to 
the 1995-96 budget? 


3. Can you suggest any additional 
measures to cut costs through- 
out the institution? 

4. In the long term, what strate- 
gies should be considered to 
generate new revenues, both 
in your specific area and across 
the institution? 


As discussions take place and 
strategies are developed to effect 
the budget cuts for 1995-96, we 
need to ensure that the decisions 
made now are not detrimental in 
the long term. No matter what we 
do now, we must make sure that 
certain priorities and fundamentals 

: of the University are preserved. 

: e@ We must ensure that the acade- 

mic goals of the University are 

not jeopardized. 

Whether in the academic or 

administrative sectors, the cost- 
cutting measures must not result 
in an overall drop in student 


: e We must not direct resources 

towards improving or maintain- 
ing services or programmes’ that 

are no longer required. 

e We need to identify and support 

those programmes at both the 
undergraduate and graduate lev- 
els that give us a competitive 

ie Cost-cutting measures imple- 

mented now should result in 

reduced duplication. 


1. The Deans, Secretary-General 
and Vice-Rectors will focus the 
discussions in their own areas. 
They will also be responsible 
for coordinating the responses 
in their areas and for submit- 
ting them to the Office of the 
Vice-Rector Institutional Rela- 
tions & Finance (VR IR&F). 

2. To assist in the consultation 

process, a team of individuals 

with the appropriate expertise 

will be available to the Deans, 
Faculty Planning Committees 
and Directors, etc. to help 
determine the feasibility of sug- 

gested cost-cutting measures. 

3. Suggestions and recommenda- 
tions should be received in the 
Office of the VR IR& F as soon 
as possible, but by 7 April 1995 
at the latest. 

4. The Deans and the Office” 
of the Rector will make final 
decisions in the context of 
all available information and 


A provisional budget will be pre- 
pared by mid-April. This docu- 
ment will be distributed to Senate 
and its committees as well as to 
all administrative and academic 
departments for one final round 
of consultation. It is expected 

that the operating budget for 

1995-96 will be approved by the 

Board of Governors at its 17 May 

1995 meeting. 

' (M) means millions of dollars. , 

: ? Before reductions or cuts, 

admissible operating funds for 

1995-96 are approximately 

| $160 M. Admissible operating 
: funds do not include Ancillary 
: Services and Student Services 

operating funds. 

> In this document, the term 
“cut” refers to permanent removal 
of funds from operating budgets, 

: while “save” means that the funds 
are available from one year to the 
next for the purposes of realloca- 

: tion or for funding incentives. 

* Tt must be kept in mind that 

: tuition fees will remain frozen for 


* It should be noted that an early 
_ retirement option already exists for 

: faculty members and librarians. 

° The estimated expenditure 
: reductions are not yet available 
: for items 13 and 14. 

DEALING WITH THE CUTS: BUDGET ‘ecniedanions FOR 1995-96 

TRENDS 1984-85 to 1993: AND NETWORIC Comparisons 
Operating Expenses 
OPERATING EXPENSES 1984-85, 1989-90 and 1993-94 

During the 9-year period between 1984-85 and 1993-94, the University operating 
expenses have increased by 65.6%. This growth has occurred in the following categories: 
Benefits (104%), Faculty salary (67.1%), Support staff salary (65.2%), Management 
salary (44.5%), and Non-salary expenses (44.3%). 

air ae Sades Se ch A RO LA RE. a PE — wh -»> 

Category 1984-85 1989-90 % Var. 1993-94 
84/89 84/93 

Operating Expenses by Category 
1984-85, 1989-90 and 1993-94 
(All Functions excl. Rentals & Debt Service) 

70 “ath Faculty Salary 
eae Continuing Educ. & 
60 ae Ancillary Serv. 
- ol -+ Other Support Sal 
+" zane” 
40 ed 
te eer __——-t Total Non-Sal 
30 [all me 
" ell Student Services Management Salary 
20 _---+ Benefits Faculty Salary 
ead Other Support Salary 
10 rari oe Total Salary 
a en Management Sal. Benefits 
Total Non-Salary 

1984-85 1989-90 1993-94 Total Expenses 
Total Revenues 

Management Salary 
Faculty Salary 

Other Support Salary 10,746,492 
Management Salary 4,924,772 
Faculty Salary 42,800,720 
Other Support Salary 29,019,098) 
Personne! Salary 76,744,590 

1984-85, 1989-90 and 1993-94 9,106,833 

Personnel 1984-85 1989-90 % Var. 1993-94 % Var. 
Category bso 84/89 84/93 

Management 12.4 

4,830,911 acne 7,101, HEH 
pics en 357,561 5,093,535] 1,324.5 1,043,631] _191.9 
[Allfunctions _—_—([Totalexpenses__—|_ 114,680,901] 157,103,526) 189,863,809 

* Includes Deans, Vice-deans and Chairs with faculty salaries for consistency of comparison over time. 
** Includes Administration and Grounds and Facilities 

Faculty 5 5 Source: Concordia Rapports Financiers Annuels Office of Institutional Planning and Research 
(Including Deans, 
vice-deans and 
chairs) e 

Frotal | 42,600,720] _68,432,397| 36.5] 77,509,700] 67.1 Salary Expenses by Personnel Category 
pecmiahte ee 
Research Assistant |P/T Sala 1,549,775 2,236,393 44.3 2,394,380 r 
(unrestricted funds) [Total | _—1,807,711| 2,517,282] 39.3] 2,766,308] 53.0) All Personne! Categories Full-Time Salary 
Professional 9,211,710]  49.9|  13,051,800| 112.3 1984-85 ETE 

677,601 104.9 e 644,680) 94.9 60% 56% 

239, ae 798. f 357,065 1240.7 Other 
Salary 50% 
P-T Salary 1% 
18% rent 
F-T Salary 
81% 10% 
Mngmt Fac. Assist. Prof. Techn. Office Trades 
All Personnel Categories Part-Time Salary 
1993-94 am 

60% + 

50% + 

76,744,590] 101,471,823] 82.2] 126,563,927] 64.9] soul 

1 Includes stipends, overtime and pre-retirement and retirement salary settlements. 

2 Includes part-time faculty not remunerated on the basis of course contracts in 1984-85 20% + 

(32.9 FTE for a salary mass of $1,383,784}, and courses taught with stipends by F/T faculty. F-T Salary is 
Source: Concordia Rapports Financiers Annuels Office of Institutional Planning and Research aie is 
‘ Mngmt Fac. Assist. Prof. Techn, Office Trades 

ii ccstcociiadeeleaiaibanl ee LR > 

Total Salary Expenses by Category 

Personnel salary and benefits amounted to 79.8% of University total expenses in 1993- mr 011993-94 

94. By employee category, professional salary expenses representing 11.1% of total salary 
in 1993-94 have increased the most during the 9-yr period (116%) followed by faculty 
(67.1%), technical (61.1 %), office (59.9%), teaching and research assistants (53%), 
management (44.5%) and trades and crafts (18.1%). Full-time salary expenses have 

evolved more rapidly than Part-time (64% and 59% respectively). Expenses for stipends, 10+ 
overtime, and pre-retirement and retirement salary settlements have increased by 163%. 0 

Mngmt Fac. Assist. Prof. Techn. Office Trades 

In 1993-94, these expenses amounted to 2% of total salary expenses. 


Full-time Establishment Positions 
Concordia University 1985-86 and 1994-95 

Units Admissible for Government Funding 



Professional Technician 

1. Support Staff 
A. Faculty/Department 
Arts & Science 
Commerce & Admin. 
Engin. & Comp. Sc. 
Fine Arts 
Sch. of Grad. Stud. 
B. Academic Support Serv. 
Computing Services 
C. Admin. Support Serv. 
Alumni Office 
Conference & Info. Serv. 
Envir. Health & Safety 
Human Resources * 
Inst. Planning & Res. * 
Internal Audit * 
Mail Services 
Marketing Communic. 
Other * 
Physical Plan. & Resources 
Public Relations 
Purchasing Serv. 
Rector's Office 
Registrar's Office 
Research Services ° 
Translation Services 

2. yo Positions 
Arts & Science 
Commerce & Admin. 
Engin. & Comp. Sc. 
Fine Arts 

Sch. of Grad. Stud. 

1985-86] 1994-95 Las Notes: 

. Including Faculty Personnel Office. 

. Did not exist in 1985-86. 


. Includes the Industrial Liaison Office". 
Did not exist in 1985-86. 


725.0 814.0] _12.3) 

(Source: Ministry oF Epucation, 1992) 

The 1991-2006 enrolment forecast produced by the Ministry is the highest in recent 
years for the Quebec university system. It estimates the clientele growth (full-time 
equivalent students) at 6.1% from 1992 to 2006. Despite the projected development 
of the university system, Concordia’s full-time equivalent students are estimated to 
decrease by 2.7%. However, these results rest on the assumptions that the current mix 
of students with regard to gender, age, mother tongue, and geographic distribution will 
be affected only by demographic changes in the Quebec population and its participation 
rate to higher education. Factors not considered in the Ministry’s forecasting model 
include amongst others long-term economic and employment outlooks, level of tuition 
fees and university funding, and institutional development policies. New clientele esti- 
mates will soon be released by the Ministry. They are expected to predict a downward 
turn in the long-term network-wide projection of clientele. It is not clear at this time 
how it will affect Concordia’s long-term estimates. 

1992-2006 Clientele Forecast (M.E.Q.) 
Montreal Universities - FTE Students 

Predicted onnertaas 

1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 

Source: Ministry of Education (M.E.Q.), March 1993 estimates. 


we ELEN (Acad. & Adm. S.S) = ae a 125.5 186.0 fio =o 348.0 351.0 Oe 178.0 141.0) |_20-a)|_ 761.5 785.0 Ta 
(A+B+C) 83.0 62.0] taf 162.5 271.5] 48.8] 127.0 116.5] -6.7[ 516.0 643.5] 4.9 178.0 141.0 |_-20.8f 1,086.5 1,156.5] 6.2] 



Full-time faculty positions have increased by 12.3% between 1985-86 and 
1994-95 while full-time support staff positions have increased by 6.2%. Support 
staff positions have grown by 13.6% in the Faculties and Departments and by 
3.1% in the institutional support function. 


48.0 49.5 

Includes Institutional Research, Institutional Planning * and Internat Consultant (reporting to Rector's Office in 1985-86). 

Includes the following units: Status of Women*, Ombudsperson, Work Study Programme*, Legal Counsel, Employment 
Equity*, Sexual Harassment Office* and Women's Centre*. 

Teaching Load 1992-93 

All Courses 
Section Credits Average Section Size Average Teaching Load per Professor 
F-T Fac.* 
P-T Fac. 
47% 41% 
P-T Fac. 

Notes *: In the graph on Average Teaching Load , chairs and programme directors are excluded from the F-T faculty category. 
They are, however, included in the graphs on Section Credits and Average Section Size . 

1992-93 Teacninc Loap 

Average teaching load in 1992-93 was 11.2 credits per FTE full-time faculty member (excluding chairs or equivalent) and 16.0 per fac- 
ulty with limited-term appointments. 47.1% of all section credits were taught by part-time faculty, 41.3% by full-time faculty and 
11.6% by faculty with limited-term appointments. Average section size for all course levels was 28.3 students for full-time faculty, 37.6 
for faculty with limited-term appointments and 30.6 for part-time faculty. 

Note: The full-time equivalent (FTE) faculty figures are calculated using F-T faculty headcounts from which leaves (sabbatical, non 
salary, maternity and sick leaves) are discounted proportionally to a year’s work. For instance, a faculty member on a half-year leave is 
reported as 0.5 FTE faculty. For more information contact Institutional Planning & Research. 

Coat Moyen Disciplinaire par Etudiant Equivalence Temps Complet - 1993-94 
Ministére de l'éducation du Québec (Février 1995) 


et Bott moyen Meneetgrioment hd 
Québec Laval Montréal Polytech. | Sherbrooke Concordia | Bishop's réseau 

$7,193 | 



$7,505 | $10,170 


$5,369 | $12,146 




Sc. de l'éducation 
Administration $5,369 


$5,252 $6,329 $6,083 $4,099 $6,427 $5,929 $5,524 $5,673 

Coat moyen de soutien institutionnel 

$2,956 | $3,063] $3,133] $3,257] $4,125| $2,648] $3,194| $3,220] $2,776| $3,076 


The average academic cost per FTE student (all disciplines combined) is lower at Concordia than in the network. Concordia’s aver- 
age cost is $5,239 compared to the network average of $5,673. Broken down by disciplinary sectors, Concordia’s academic costs are 
higher in the Education and Fine Arts sectors, they are comparable in the Administration sector and they are lower than network’s 
averages in the remaining disciplinary sectors. The average institutional support cost per student is higher at Concordia than in the 
network, that is, $3,220 and $3,076 respectively. 


Fine Arts students increasingly computer-sophisticated 

Judith Cézar is czarina 
of the Image Lab 


“ e’re very image-hungry 

here,” observed Judith 
Cézar, technical adviser and all- 
around guru at Concordia’s Image 

The Image Lab is housed in the 
basement of the Visual Arts Building 
on René-Lévesque Blvd., serving 
140 students in the Depart- 
ment of Design Art who are 
eager to make multi-media 

Cézar is in charge of the 
Image Lab’s equipment, and 
organizes seminars on every- 
thing from video editing and 
photography to computer animation. 
“There are many niches here,” Cézar 
said proudly. “To my knowledge, it’s 
the only program of its kind in the 
country offering experimental cour- 
ses in two- and three-dimensional 
design art. 

“Students have access to anima- 
tion rooms. They can build sets, 
make maquettes, shoot video, and do 
full computer graphics. They're often 

given ‘open-image assignments,’ and 
can use whatever medium they see fit 
to complete the project.” 

Students are turning to computers 
in their design work with increasing 
regularity. The Image Lab currently 
operates with 15 Macs, eight Omega 
computers, two scanners and a Sili- 
cone Graphic Iris station for three- 
dimensional rendering. 


“We've come a long way in five 
years,” said Cézar. “We started with 
three Mac Pluses. Now we've got 
audio-visual capability, so you can 
record film on the computers.” 

Cézar was hired at Concordia just 
over five years ago as a photo techni- 
cian, but her position quickly mor- 
phed into something more broadly 
based. Coming from a background 
in photography, she had no specific 

‘Financial woes hurt Design Art — 
- Budget cuts have jeopardized the Department’ ability to keep abreast of technology, according to - 

| some staff and faculty. 


training in computers. “I didn’t even 
know Photoshop when we started,” 
she recalls now. “But we learn 
together here, sharing knowledge. 

“I make it clear to the students 
that I don’t know everything. It’s 
impossible, with the rate of techno- 
logical developments. What I do 
know are some aspects of software 
and how to set up the hardware, like 
setting up networks and trou- 
ble-shooting. Everyone here 
— the students and 10 faculty 
members — has to keep up 
with the new stuff as it’s 
introduced. “And I read the 
trade magazines and go to 
trade shows. We encourage 
the students to use the tutorials that 
come with the software and to share 
what they learn.” 

Busy as she is, Cézar hasn’t 
neglected her first love, photography, 
and still freelances. She took most of 
the photos for The Illustrated Orien- 
tal Rugs World Buyers’ Guide, written 
by Montréaler Janice Summers and 
published recently by Crown Pub- 
lishers of New York. # 

"The machines we have now are almost out of date,” technician Judith Cézar said. “You really need 
an update — ideally, every two or three years.” — 

“It has been a struggle financially,” concurred Susan Hudson, chair of Design Art. “Our old program 
was a Design major which had an honours in interior design, graphic design and exhibition design. It 
had 450 students, and we accepted 80 students a year. We had 25 faculty members. It went from that 
to what we have now: an experimental program with 10 faculty. That's a big shift. 

“Design has always been isolated in art schools. Our Design Art major is now focusing more on the 
studio arts.” 



This column highlights newsworthy events at universities 

across Canada and abroad. If you have any interesting bits 
of information to pass on, please send them to 
Concordta’s Thursday Report, BC-117. 

¢ McGill University hopes to go ahead with the adoption of a new 

research ethics code, largely in response to dire warnings from the 
federal granting agencies, which will soon require universities to 
adopt formal mechanisms to deal with charges of misconduct. 
McGill's code, which must be approved by Senate, includes some 
new rules. For example, in cases involving questions of authorship 
between graduate students and supervisors, the onus is put on 
principal authors to ensure that proper credit is given to all contribu- 
tors. “The rules used to be unwritten,” McGill’s Vice-Principal 
(Research) told The McGill Reporter. 

e A Forestry professor at Université Laval is meeting his students in 

cyberspace. Jean-Robert Thibault is offering a course, Physiologie de 
l'arbre, on the much-ballyhooed World Wide Web, the multimedia- 
based next generation of Internet technology. Thibault said profes- 
sors have a duty to keep informed of new developments in their 
given field. Not doing so smacks of intellectual dishonesty. “It's like 
erecting a wall between your students and the rest of the world,” he 
told the university's official newspaper. 

¢ Two former employees of the University of Manitoba will be spend- 

ing some time behind bars. Jenneice Larsen, former dean of the 
Faculty of Nursing, was sentenced to a year in jail and a year of 
unsupervised probation, and ordered to make full restitution after 
pleading guilty to fraud arising from travel expenses. Carol Grave- 
stone, a former library employee, received a three-year, supervised 
suspended sentence after an audit of library fines found that 
$16,500 was missing. 

¢ Despite overwhelming objections, Mount Allison University’s Board 

of Governors re-appointed its president, lan Newbould, without 
review until the year 2001. Newbould’s presidency at the university 
has been marred by a poor record on labour relations. A two-week 
strike by faculty and librarians in 1992 was followed last year by a 
six-week strike by support staff. 

¢ Rutgers University President Francis Lawrence wishes he had never 

uttered three words. In discussing how minority students fare in 
aptitude tests, he said these students may not have the “genetic, 
hereditary background” to achieve good test results. Lawrence has 
apologized publicly for what he called a verbal mistake, but that 
hasn't stopped some angry student leaders from calling for his dis- 
missal. The university even sent 47,000 letters of apology to its stu- 
dents within a few days of the controversy’s eruption. One minority 
student said the letter she received was different from that of her 
white roornmate. “Mine was much more personal,” she said. 

¢ Ontario's university presidents and other senior administrators refuse 

to reveal their salaries and benefits, according to The Toronto Star. 
This same information is readily available in at least four provinces 
— British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Québec — and is a 
matter of public record in both private and state universities in the 
United States. Robin Farquhar, president of Ottawa's Carleton Uni- 
versity, said, “If hospitals were to reveal their full compensation 
information about their senior executives, then | would have no 
objection to universities doing the same thing.” The Toronto Star 
estimates that Ontario's 17 university presidents earn $140,000 to 
$250,000, and that at least half of them are offered a university- 
owned residence or receive housing assistance. 

SOURCES: The McGill Reporter, The Globe and Mail, CAUT Bulletin, 
Toronto Star, Au Fil des Evénements, University of Manitoba Bulletin 

Marcu 9, 1995 


When it comes to regulation, ‘Canada is a banana republic’: SCPA panelist 

Hands off our Internet 


ny attempts to regulate the Internet will 

be difficult because the information 
superhighway is so fluid it defies traditional 
controls, a computer expert said at a recent 
panel discussion. 

Cairn MacGregor, who writes a computer 
column for The Gazette, said, “The idea of 
the [federal regulatory agency] CRTC con- 
trolling a huge web of information is like 
IBM trying to control the microcomputer 
explosion. The image that comes to mind is 
one of herding cats.” 

“Infobahn or Infoban? Dysfunctional Regu- 
lation of the Superhighway,” was presented by 
the School of Community and Public Affairs, 
and moderated by Robert Valdmanis, senior 
counsel for Robin Palin Public Relations Inc. 

The only answer is self-regulation, according 
to panelist Karim Benyekhlef, who teaches law 
at Université de Montréal. To say that the 

Internet is without rules is untrue, since there is 
an established code of conduct. The role of the 
bureaucrat should be not to impose new rules 
on an unfamiliar system, but to observe and 
“crystallize” existing mores. 

But perhaps even this is too optimistic. 
“People say we need a global information theo- 
ry, but it’s just wishful thinking,” MacGregor 
said. “The technology will always outstrip any 
attempt to control it.” 

Panelists agreed that freedom of expression 
must be respected, but there have been calls 
for increased regulation, partly due to recent 
high-profile criminal cases involving the 
Internet. Perhaps the best-known example 
involves the murder trial of Karla Homolka. 
Despite a Canadian publication ban, facts and 
rumours about the case were easily available 
on the Internet. 

Because the Internet crosses political 
boundaries, it would be difficult to enforce 
the legislation of any one country, 
Benyekhlef said. International legislation 

might be elusive because of ideological dif- 
ferences. When it comes to freedom of infor- 
mation, he said, “Americans see Canada as a 
banana republic.” 

Jeff Campbell, who heads the statistics divi- 
sion at Bell Canada and teaches a course at the 
SCPA, said that freedom of expression on the 
Internet is an important issue, similar to the 
historical debate between state and publisher. 
“You should be damned for what you actually 
publish,” he said, calling prior restraint “nasty 
and insidious.” 

Campbell used the “cult of Canadian con- 
tent” as an example of attempts by government 
to regulate not only the lines of communica- 
tion, but what is said on them. He preached 
vigilance, warning that the freedom of the 
Internet shouldn’t be taken for granted. The 
mere existence of networks allows the possi- 
bility of regulation, and the limits of that regu- 
lation are a concern: “If we aren’t careful, we 
will get regimes which look at content.” 

Part of the problem is that the information 

Paul Gott has been an undergraduate for 15 years, but, well, he’s been busy 

Alternative student plugging away 


hen Paul Gott first registered at 

Concordia, Journalism was a program, 
not a department, and it was on downtown 
Mackay St., not on the Loyola Campus. That 
was in 1980. 

Gott, now 32, has been around longer than 
almost anybody around him, including most of 
the professors. 

“Tm still working on my Bachelor’s,” Gott 
said, somewhat sheepishly. “I'm doing six cre- 
dits this semester, and I only have three to go.” 

The biggest change, he said, is the equip- 

6 Marca 9,°1995 

ment. When he started, Journalism had 20 
typewriters. Even the tape recorders were on 
loan from the Audio Visual Department. 
Another change is that students can no longer 
take this long to get their degrees. 

But Gott has not really been wasting the 
past 15 years. 

He has sat on Senate, and been vice-presi- 
dent of the Concordia University Student 
Association (now the Concordia Student 
Union). He was a founding member of The 
Concordian student newspaper, and The Link's 
news editor. He also had “grand battles” with 
his own department. 

He has a full life off campus, too. He has 
toured the country three times with his punk 
band, Ripcordz, established his own record 
label, EnGuard, and published a music news- 
paper, RearGarde. He also helped found the 
successful downtown weekly, The Mirror, and 
was its first music editor. 

His band is his first love. Formed in 1984, 
Ripcordz has become so popular in the music 
underground that a group of punk bands 
recently produced a tribute album. Gott was 

“They sprung it on me at a concert before 
Christmas. They called me on stage and said, 
‘Paul Gott, this is your life? For the first time 
in my life, I was speechless.” 

He finds it strange to see former classmates 
or reporters who worked with him at The Link 
out there with responsible jobs, like Ron 
Charles, now a national reporter for CBC tele- 

“I meet Andrew Carter [of CHOM FM] 
and Trudi Mason [CJAD] in the corridors, 
and they go, ‘Hey, Paul, are you teaching a 
course here, too? And I answer, ‘No, I’m still 
trying to get my Bachelor's,” he laughed. 

He has no regrets. “They're stuck in jobs. 
Tm still doing a lot of stuff I just like doing. 
I’m very happy with the choices I've made.” 

Enn Raudsepp, chair of Journalism, gives 
Gott credit for hanging in there. “I’m 
impressed that he cares enough to keep coming 
back to finish his education.” 

Gott owns his own typesetting and design 
business, which is doing well enough to have 
bought him a house. His record label has pro- 
duced about 40 albums. 

His shaved head and punk looks, all in black 
and covered in chains, make him hard to miss 
walking around the hallways. If you don’t see 
him, you hear him coming. This actually got him 
into trouble when he read the news in Radio 
class. You could hear the chains clink on air. 

superhighway is in uncharted legal waters. 
MacGregor pointed out that the line is blur- 
ring between broadcasting and private com- 
munications, yet to apply existing legislation 
like the Publishing Act to the Internet is 
cumbersome. “If I send a message that is read 
by a million people, does that make me a 
publisher?” he asked. 

Greg Van Koughnett, vice-president of legal 
affairs for Stentor Telecom Policy Inc., agreed 
with MacGregor. “I like to think of an equilat- 
eral triangle; the coming together of phones, 
computers, and broadcasting.” 

This convergence of technologies is impor- 
tant, because emerging networks can be used 
for more than just fun and games. Market 
studies show that people want these technolo- 
gies to provide business applications in areas 
like education and medicine, not for movies 
and gimmicks, Koughnett said. 

The panel was one of several organized 
by students at the SCPA as part of their 

curriculum. @ 

“T think I got marked down for it. This is my 
radio news jacket,” he said, showing a thick 
plaid coat. “I wear it every time. That way I 
don’t make noise any more.” 

Gott said that his looks can be an advantage. 
“If you are reasonably polite, people are 
impressed and happy. They warm up very 
quickly, after the initial shock. I think they 
warm up more, because they expect less.” # 



The Concordia Council on Student Life awards committee is seeking 

nominations for the following: 

1. Outstanding Contribution Awards: open to students only 

2. Media Awards: open to students only 

3. Merit Awards: open to all members of the University community 
4. Teaching Excellence Awards: open to faculty 

These awards have been developed to recognize exceptional contribu- 
tions to student life and to recognize excellent teaching at Concordia 

Nomination forms are available from: 

Dean of Students Office 




Information Desk 

AD 121 (Loyola), H-653 (SGW) 
SC-103 (Loyola), H-637 (SGW) 
T-202 (SGW) 

H-880-10 (SGW) 

GM-218 (SGW) 

Henry FE. Hall Building, main floor 

Deadline for nominations: March 30, 1995, 3 p.m. 


_ Christopher Hinton 
Assistant Professor, Cinema 

Concordia professor 


MFA student 
in film 

credits students for Oscar nomination. 

When Christopher Hinton’s “Blackfly” was nominated for an Oscar in the best-animated-short category in 1992, his first reaction 
was to credit his teaching experience and his students at Concordia’s Cinema Department for much of his success. “After 
you've been in any business for a few years you tend to get stuck in a rut,” said Hinton. “Students, on the other hand, come 
to you with fresh, open minds. Knowing how to listen to them has helped me develop new techniques and explore new 

ideas which have worked out very well for them and for me”. 

This cooperative approach to teaching and learning is what attracts students like John Spezzacatena to 
Concordia. The University’s first Master of Fine Arts student in Film Production with a concentration in 
Animation, Spezzacatena praises Hinton and the program: “The dynamics of the program are just as 
important as the curriculum. And being taught by people with real experience who recognize students’ 

good ideas is very special”. 

And there are other valid reasons Concordia is the right university for so many people: more than 
160 undergraduate and graduate programmes with strong reputations in business studies, 
communications, psychology, fine arts and engineering; a college system offering a personalized 
approach to education; a friendly atmosphere with professors who are known for their 
accessibility; a remarkable choice of programmes on a full- and part-time basis; and two 
campuses with a student body truly representative of Montréal’s diverse population. 

When you consider that Concordia is also known for being in touch with the real 
world, you can be assured that what you learn here will go farther out there. 

1455 de Maisonneuve Blvd. W. 
Montréal (Québec) H3G 1M8 
Tel: (514) 848-2668 

Real educidion for the teal wold 

Faculty of Commerce and Administration 


Given annually since 1988 

For the first time this year, part-time faculty will be recognized independently. 
They account for approximately 50 per cent of the faculty. 

Nominations should be directed to Danielle Morin, Associate Dean, Academic and Student Affairs, 
GM-201-17, or to another member of the nominating committee: Arshad Ahmad, George Lowenfel, 
Ron Crawford, Mahesh Sharma, Michel Bergier, John Hall, Victor Choucair, 
plus two more members still to be named. 


publishing as an arbiter of quality 
research results in the publication of 
poor work. Meanwhile, professors 
are, on the basis of that work, given 
lighter course loads in order to pur- 
sue their research. 

“In my opinion, we could very eas- 
ily teach five courses a year. I'd be 
very happy to do that and maintain 
quality research at the same time, but 
it is this system that prevents people 
from doing so properly,” he said. # 

In BRIEF... 

Hersovics Memorial 
Fellowship created 

The University has established the 
Nicholas Hersovics Memorial Fellow- 
ship in honour of the late Mathematics 

Hersovics died more than a year ago, 
leaving behind a bequest to create a 
graduate fellowship in Mathematics 
Education, a discipline to which he 
devoted his energy. 

An award will be made each year to 
a student in Concordia’s Master in the 
Teaching of Mathematics program. 

Anyone who would like to contribute 
to the fund should contact David Brown 
(University Advancement Office) at 848- 
4859. The contributions are tax exempt. 

Kroker everywhere 

Political Science Professor Arthur 
Kroker was the subject of a profile on 
the CTV national news on February 21. 

The avante-garde editor of CTHEORY 
was hailed as “the McLuhan of ‘90s” 
and “a prophet, poet and archeologist 
of the future.” The piece explored the 
international impact of Kroker’s writing 
about technology and culture. 

Part of the film was done in San 
Francisco, where Kroker gave lectures 
at the San Francisco Art Institute, was 
interviewed by National Public Radio, 
and participated in a satellite hook-up 
with a Los Angeles television station for 
a two-part series on his books, Spasm 
and Data Trash. 

the computer, and a musical instru- 
ment such as drums or a keyboard. 

Ritter recently donated a copy of 
Orpheus to Concordia’s MITE- 
AVISTA lab. The program was the 
star of several demonstrations held 
recently at the lab, which is in the - 
Audio Visual Department of the 
Henry F. Hall Building. MITE 
employee Sara Morley said there 
might be a-workshop on Orpheus for 
students after staff familiarize them- 
selves with the program. 

Marcu,9, 1995 7 

Events, notices and classified ads must reach the 
Public Relations Department (BC-115) in writing no later 
than Thursday, 5 p.m. the week prior to the Thursday publication. 

For more information, please contact Kevin Leduc at 848-4881, 
by fax: 848-2814 or by e-mail: 


Alumni news 

Discovering Your Inner Child 
Tuesday, March 21 

Difficulties in relationships experi- 
enced as adults often have their roots 
in the family of origin. By becoming 
acquainted with one’s inner child, one 
can begin to understand some of the 
core issues and dysfunctional relation- 
ship patterns that are ‘established in 
childhood and re-enacted throughout 
life. 7 to 9:30 p.m., SGW-H.767, $12 
per person. Information: 848-3817. 

Campus Ministry 

Third World Experience in 
Cuernavaca, Mexico. For information: 
Micheline Bertone SSA, 848-3591, 
Annex Z 

Mid-life directions 

April 17 - 23 

Facilitators: Janice Brewi, CSJ, and 
Anne Brennan, CSJ, founders, direc- 
tors and designers of Mid-life 
Directions Workshops/retreat and 
training programs integrating develop- 
mental Jungian psychology and 
Judeo-Christian spirituality. For infor- 
mation, please call Michelina Bertone, 
SSA, 848-3591. 

Concert Hall 

Friday, March 10 

The Nia Quintet will serform works by 
Bottenberg, Cherney and others 8 p.m. 

Sunday, March 12 
Barbara Lewis will present her work in 
progress, Hara’s Quest. 3:30 p.m. Free. 

Tuesday and Wednesday, March 

EuCue 13.9 & 13.10 electroacoustic 
concerts. 8 p.m. Free. 

Friday, March 17 
Concordia Faculty composers’ evening. 
8 p.m. Free. 

Saturday, March 18 

Jazz concert, featuring Charles Ellison, 
trumpet with an all-star quintet. 8 p.m. 

CPR Courses 

The following CPR courses will be 
offered by the EH&S Office in the next 
few weeks. Members of the Concordia 
and outside communities can take 
these courses. Contact Donna 
Fasciano, training co-ordinator, at 848- 

CPR Heartsaver Plus Course 
April 8 

6 to 8 hours for life: This course 
includes rescue breathing, one- 
person-rescuer CPR, management of 
the obstructed airway, and infant, 
child resuscitation. 

CPR Heartsaver Course 

April 16 

4 hours for life: This course includes 
rescue breathing, one-person-rescuer 
CPR, and management of the obstruct- 
ed airway. 


Conservatoire d'Art 
Cinématographique de Montréal 
Cinéma J.A. DeSéve, 1400 de 
Maisonneuve Blvd. W., Concordia 
University (Métro Guy-Concordia). 
Admission: $3. 

Friday, March 17 
Mon oncle Antoine at 7 p.m.; 
The Ruling Class at 9 p.m. 

Saturday, March 18 
The Father at 7 p.m.; A Clockwork 
Orange at 9 p.m. 

Monday, March 20 
Le testament d‘orphée at 8:30 p.m. 

Tuesday, March 21 
The Adversary at 8:30 p.m. 

Wednesday, March 22 
Europa Europa at 8:30 p.m. 

Thursday, March 23 
Man of Aran: Making of the Myth at 
7 p.m. ; 

The Loyola Film 

F.C. Smith Auditorium, 7141 
Sherbrooke St. W. Tel. 848-3878. Free. 

Wednesday, March 15 

Mouchette, Robert Bresson (1966) at 7 
p.m.; Ma nuit chez Maude, Eric 
Rohmer (1960) at 8:45 p.m. 

Students Office 

Re-entry workshop - Graduating? 
Nervous about going home? 
Thursday, March 30 

The video Welcome Home Stranger 
will be screened, and a talk will focus 
on the stress, anxiety, ambivalence, 
and changes associated with going 
home. 10 a.m. - noon or noon - 2 p.m. 
in H-653. 848-3516. 

Cabane a sucre/Sugaring-off party 
Friday, March 31 

Come visit an authentic cabane a 
sucre in Rougemont (40km from 
Montréal) and enjoy a traditional 
Québec feast of tourtiére, -beans and 
crépes. Square-dancing and regular 
dancing. Tickets: $15 per person 
(includes transportation and supper), 
$7 for children 5 to 12 (under 5 - free). 
Buses leave at 2 p.m., return at mid- 
night. 848-3515. 

Lacolle Centre for 

Saturday, March 25 

Presentation Skills 

Participants will learn what communi- 
cation is and what it is not, how to 
communicate effectively, how to earn 
the “right” to communicate, how to 
control through structure, how to con- 
trol through language, how to influ- 
ence through visuals, voice and body 
language. Leader: David Mofford, MA. 
9:30 a.m. - 4 p.m, Loyola Campus. Fee: 
$56.98. Information: 848-4955. 

Sunday, March 26 

If the job fits, do it! 

Through a series of exercises, partici- 
pants will explore their potential, 
identify personal and professional 
expectations, strengths and abilities 
and plan long-term action goals. 
Leader: Shirley Caplan. 9:30 a.m. - 4 
p.m, Loyola Campus. Fee: $56.98. 
Information: 848-4955. 

Lectures and 

Lonergan College 

Monday, March 20 

Philip Hansen on “The Contemporary 
Significance of Hannah Arendt’s 
Political Thought.” 8 p.m. in DL-200, 
7141 Sherbrooke St. W. 848-2280. 

Simone de Beauvoir Institute 
Thursday, March 9 

Janet Maclellan Toole on “Collecting 
Oral History.” 7:30 p.m., LB-369, 1400 
de Maisonneuve Blvd. W. 

Thursdays at Lonergan 

Thursday, March 9 

Eileen DeNeeve, PhD, Economics, 
Animator and VP of Research, Thomas 
More Institute on “Lonergan's 
Economic Cycles.” 3:30 - 5 p.m., 7302 
Sherbrooke St. W. Information: 848- 

Social Aspects of Engineering 
Thursday, March 9 

Guy D. Bird on “Technology, trade and 
sustainability: Issues for the forest 
industry.” Course: Engr. 496/4BB. 5:40 
p.m. - 8:10 p.m. H-609, 1455 de 
Maisonneuve Blvd. W. 

Sparklers Club 

Thursday, March 9 

Prof. Lazlo Géfin, Principal, Liberal Arts 
College, on a recent trip to Russia 
with students of the College. 2:30 
p.m., H-937, 1455 de Maisonneuve 
Blvd. W. 

Visiting Artists 

Friday, March 10 

Lynne Cohen will speak at 1:30 p.m. in 
VA-114, 1395 René-Lévesque Blvd. W. 


Friday, March 10 

J. Krishnamurti video presentation, 
“Ending disorder is the ending of death.” 
8 p.m., H-420, 1455 de Maisonneuve 
Blvd. W. Free. Donations accepted. 
Information: 937-8869. 

Department of Art Education 
Monday, March 13 

Malcolm Coker, PhD student, Art 
Education, on “Traditional schools as 
an agency for the training of artists in 
Sierra Leone.” 6:30 - 8:30 p.m., VA- 
245, 1395 René-Lévesque Blvd. W. 

Department of English 

Tuesday, March 14 

Michael McKeon on “Replacing 
Patrilineage: Thoughts on the novel 
after its origin.” 8:30 p.m. in BR-207, 
3475 West Broadway. 848-2340. 

Centre for Community & Ethnic 

Wednesday, March 15 

Joseph Smucker, Department of 
Sociology and Anthropology, on “The 
Changing Labour Markets: 
Implications for Ethnic groups.” 12:30 
p.m. - 2 p.m. in LB-677, 1400 de 
Maisonneuve Blvd. W. 

Thursdays at Lonergan 

Thursday, March 16 

Francelia Butler, PhD, peace educator, 
Professor of Children’s Literature, 
University of Connecticut at Stoors, on 
“Alternative Education for Peace: 
Peace Games Program.” 3:30 - 5 p.m., 
7302 Sherbrooke St. W. Information: 


Friday, March 17 

J. Krishnamurti video presentation, 
“Truth is the Catalyst to end conflict.” 
8 p.m., H-420, 1455 de Maisonneuve 
Blvd. W. Free. Donations accepted. 
Information: 937-8869. 

Department of Art Education 
Monday, March 20 
Tu Mei Ru, Professor of Education in 

Art, Nanjing Normal University, on - 

children’s art. 6:30 - 8:30 p.m., VA- 
245, 1395 René-Lévesque Blvd. W. 

School of Graduate 
Studies News 

Doctoral Thesis Defences 
Thursday, March 9 

Carole Groleau, Communication 
Studies, on “An examination of the 
computerized information flow con- 
tributing to the mobility of tasks 
in three newly computerized firms.” 
1 p.m., H-769, 1455 de Maisonneuve 
Blvd. W. 

Friday, March 10 

Laird Stevens, Humanities, on 
“Knowledge of the self.” 10 a.m, H- 
771, 1455 de Maisonneuve Blvd. W. 

Thursday, March 16 

Wenyi Long, Civil Engineering, on 
“Application of optimization theory to 
the design of cable stayed bridges.” 
10 a.m., H-769, 1455 de Maisonneuve 
Blvd. W. 

Special events and 

CUPFA Professional 

Development Fund 

Funding is available and CUPFA mem- 
bers are strongly encouraged to take 
advantage of this opportunity. The 
deadline for applications to the next 
round of the CUPFA Professional 
Development Fund is April 10, 1995. 
Applicants should consult new informa- 
tion and guidelines sheets, and must 
complete the new application form. All 
are available at the CUPFA office, 
Annex K, 2150 Bishop St., 848-3691. 
Five copies must be submitted, which 
include a letter of reference, so please 
pick up these handouts well in advance 
of the deadline. Information is also 
available about the Learneds, which 
will be held in Montreal this May/June. 

M. Eng (Aerospace) Information 

Thursday, March 16 

The annual information session will 
take place at 2 p.m. in the J.A. 
DeSéve Cinéma, LB-125, 1440 de 
Maisonneuve Blvd. W. 848-3134. 

ECA Blood Drive 

March 13 - 14 

Cafeteria, 7th floor, 1455 de 
Maisonneuve Blvd: W., 10 a.m. - 5 
p.m. Help us make it a success! 


Apartment to share 

Large, sunny 5 1/2 to share. Fully fur- 
nished, equipped, quiet, near park, 5 
min from Métro St. Henri. $300. Short 
term stay of post-doc, visiting student or 
scientist possible. Call Juergen. Work: 
987-6936, Res: 938-4817. 

Looking for accommodation 
Professor, sabbatical, looking for quiet 
2 bedroom, furnished accommodation 
in Montréal, period of 1, 2 or 3 years 
between Sept. ‘95 - April ‘98. Priority: 
September ‘95 - May ‘96. Extremely 
reliable (613) 820-9492. 

Success to all students 
WordPerfect 5.1. Term papers, 
resumes, applications. 28 years’ expe- 
rience, both languages. 7 days a 
week. 175 oblique, double spaced. 
Just two streets“away (Peel). Paulette 
or Roxanne. 288-9638/288-0016. 

Experienced editor 

Student papers, etc.. Transcript of 
tapes, preparation of resumes, trans- 
lation Spanish/English. Tutoring 
English. 7 days/week. 10 minute walk. 
Marian 288-0016. 

Apartment to share 

Female non-smoker to share 4 1/2 in 
NDG. Close to bus/Métro, facing park, 
quiet. 486-0834. 

Twinhead notebook computer 

for sale 

386 sx, 6 meg ram, 60 meg hard drive, 
monochrome, internal trackball & 
fax/modem, 2 batteries, Windows 3.1 
& DOS 5.0. 426-3433. 

Women’s Centre 

Friday, March 10 

Film, Born in Flames 1 p.m. - 5 p.m., 
2020 Mackay, downstairs. The screen- 
ing will be followed by tea, cookies, 
and revolution-plotting. All wimmin, 
dykes, babes and women welcome. 


Ham Radio Class 

A beginners’ amateur radio class will be 
held Saturday and Sunday, March 18 
and 19, from 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. in H-644-1. 
To register call the Concordia Amateur 
Radio Club at 848-7421. Cost is $50 for 
Concordia students, $75 for others. 
Includes text book, question book, regu- 
lations and exam. No Morse code. 

Health Services 

Nutrition Workshop: Healthy Heart 

Tuesday, March 14 and Thursday, March 
16 from noon - 1:30 p.m. H-653, 1455 de 
Maisonneuve Blvd. W. Bring your lunch. 

Learning Development Office 
Tuesday, March 14 

Psychological Type and Teaching 
and Learning 

In this session, participants will exam- 
ine their own preferences on the four 
scales on the MBTI, as well as explore 
the implications of these differences 
for teaching a diverse group of learn- 
ers. Leader: Ron Smith. 9:30 a.m.- 
12:30 p.m, LB-553-2, 1400 de 
Maisonneuve Blvd. W. Call 848-2495 
to register. 



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